Sodium Hydroxide: A highly caustic substance that is used to neutralize acids and make sodium salts. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Caustics: Strong alkaline chemicals that destroy soft body tissues resulting in a deep, penetrating type of burn, in contrast to corrosives, that result in a more superficial type of damage via chemical means or inflammation. Caustics are usually hydroxides of light metals. SODIUM HYDROXIDE and potassium hydroxide are the most widely used caustic agents in industry. Medically, they have been used externally to remove diseased or dead tissues and destroy warts and small tumors. The accidental ingestion of products (household and industrial) containing caustic ingredients results in thousands of injuries per year.Solvents: Liquids that dissolve other substances (solutes), generally solids, without any change in chemical composition, as, water containing sugar. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Burns, ChemicalCalcium Hydroxide: A white powder prepared from lime that has many medical and industrial uses. It is in many dental formulations, especially for root canal filling.Aluminum Hydroxide: A compound with many biomedical applications: as a gastric antacid, an antiperspirant, in dentifrices, as an emulsifier, as an adjuvant in bacterins and vaccines, in water purification, etc.Eye Burns: Injury to any part of the eye by extreme heat, chemical agents, or ultraviolet radiation.Hydroxides: Inorganic compounds that contain the OH- group.Hair: A filament-like structure consisting of a shaft which projects to the surface of the SKIN from a root which is softer than the shaft and lodges in the cavity of a HAIR FOLLICLE. It is found on most surfaces of the body.Chlorides: Inorganic compounds derived from hydrochloric acid that contain the Cl- ion.Hydrogen-Ion Concentration: The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Sodium: A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.Ammonium Hydroxide: The hydroxy salt of ammonium ion. It is formed when AMMONIA reacts with water molecules in solution.Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry: A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.Magnesium Hydroxide: An inorganic compound that occurs in nature as the mineral brucite. It acts as an antacid with cathartic effects.Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid: Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.Thebaine: A drug that is derived from opium, which contains from 0.3-1.5% thebaine depending on its origin. It produces strychnine-like convulsions rather than narcosis. It may be habit-forming and is a controlled substance (opiate) listed in the U.S. Code of Federal Regulations, Title 21 Part 1308.12 (1985). (From Merck Index, 11th ed)Morphinans: Compounds based on a partially saturated iminoethanophenanthrene, which can be described as ethylimino-bridged benzo-decahydronaphthalenes. They include some of the OPIOIDS found in PAPAVER that are used as ANALGESICS.Hydrocodone: Narcotic analgesic related to CODEINE, but more potent and more addicting by weight. It is used also as cough suppressant.Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Receptors, Opioid, kappa: A class of opioid receptors recognized by its pharmacological profile. Kappa opioid receptors bind dynorphins with a higher affinity than endorphins which are themselves preferred to enkephalins.CinnamatesReceptors, Opioid, mu: A class of opioid receptors recognized by its pharmacological profile. Mu opioid receptors bind, in decreasing order of affinity, endorphins, dynorphins, met-enkephalin, and leu-enkephalin. They have also been shown to be molecular receptors for morphine.Palladium: A chemical element having an atomic weight of 106.4, atomic number of 46, and the symbol Pd. It is a white, ductile metal resembling platinum, and following it in abundance and importance of applications. It is used in dentistry in the form of gold, silver, and copper alloys.Hydrochloric Acid: A strong corrosive acid that is commonly used as a laboratory reagent. It is formed by dissolving hydrogen chloride in water. GASTRIC ACID is the hydrochloric acid component of GASTRIC JUICE.Drug and Narcotic Control: Control of drug and narcotic use by international agreement, or by institutional systems for handling prescribed drugs. This includes regulations concerned with the manufacturing, dispensing, approval (DRUG APPROVAL), and marketing of drugs.Xylenes: A family of isomeric, colorless aromatic hydrocarbon liquids, that contain the general formula C6H4(CH3)2. They are produced by the destructive distillation of coal or by the catalytic reforming of petroleum naphthenic fractions. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)Gases: The vapor state of matter; nonelastic fluids in which the molecules are in free movement and their mean positions far apart. Gases tend to expand indefinitely, to diffuse and mix readily with other gases, to have definite relations of volume, temperature, and pressure, and to condense or liquefy at low temperatures or under sufficient pressure. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Foramen Ovale, Patent: A condition in which the FORAMEN OVALE in the ATRIAL SEPTUM fails to close shortly after birth. This results in abnormal communications between the two upper chambers of the heart. An isolated patent ovale foramen without other structural heart defects is usually of no hemodynamic significance.PrintingInkPongamia: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE. Members contain karanjin. Some species of this genus have been reclassified to other genera of FABACEAE including Callerya, DERRIS and MILLETTIA.Chemistry, Agricultural: The science of the chemical composition and reactions of chemicals involved in the production, protection and use of crops and livestock. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Computer Peripherals: Various units or machines that operate in combination or in conjunction with a computer but are not physically part of it. Peripheral devices typically display computer data, store data from the computer and return the data to the computer on demand, prepare data for human use, or acquire data from a source and convert it to a form usable by a computer. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)Mineral Oil: A mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum. It is used as laxative, lubricant, ointment base, and emollient.Glass Ionomer Cements: A polymer obtained by reacting polyacrylic acid with a special anion-leachable glass (alumino-silicate). The resulting cement is more durable and tougher than others in that the materials comprising the polymer backbone do not leach out.Autoanalysis: Method of analyzing chemicals using automation.Polymerization: Chemical reaction in which monomeric components are combined to form POLYMERS (e.g., POLYMETHYLMETHACRYLATE).Materials Testing: The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.Resin Cements: Dental cements composed either of polymethyl methacrylate or dimethacrylate, produced by mixing an acrylic monomer liquid with acrylic polymers and mineral fillers. The cement is insoluble in water and is thus resistant to fluids in the mouth, but is also irritating to the dental pulp. It is used chiefly as a luting agent for fabricated and temporary restorations. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p159)Aluminum Silicates: Any of the numerous types of clay which contain varying proportions of Al2O3 and SiO2. They are made synthetically by heating aluminum fluoride at 1000-2000 degrees C with silica and water vapor. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)Acrylic ResinsPiperidines: A family of hexahydropyridines.Hydrogen: The first chemical element in the periodic table. It has the atomic symbol H, atomic number 1, and atomic weight [1.00784; 1.00811]. It exists, under normal conditions, as a colorless, odorless, tasteless, diatomic gas. Hydrogen ions are PROTONS. Besides the common H1 isotope, hydrogen exists as the stable isotope DEUTERIUM and the unstable, radioactive isotope TRITIUM.Hydrogen Bonding: A low-energy attractive force between hydrogen and another element. It plays a major role in determining the properties of water, proteins, and other compounds.Hydrogen Peroxide: A strong oxidizing agent used in aqueous solution as a ripening agent, bleach, and topical anti-infective. It is relatively unstable and solutions deteriorate over time unless stabilized by the addition of acetanilide or similar organic materials.Carbon: A nonmetallic element with atomic symbol C, atomic number 6, and atomic weight [12.0096; 12.0116]. It may occur as several different allotropes including DIAMOND; CHARCOAL; and GRAPHITE; and as SOOT from incompletely burned fuel.Programming, Linear: A technique of operations research for solving certain kinds of problems involving many variables where a best value or set of best values is to be found. It is most likely to be feasible when the quantity to be optimized, sometimes called the objective function, can be stated as a mathematical expression in terms of the various activities within the system, and when this expression is simply proportional to the measure of the activities, i.e., is linear, and when all the restrictions are also linear. It is different from computer programming, although problems using linear programming techniques may be programmed on a computer.Alopecia: Absence of hair from areas where it is normally present.Hidradenitis Suppurativa: A chronic suppurative and cicatricial disease of the apocrine glands occurring chiefly in the axillae in women and in the groin and anal regions in men. It is characterized by poral occlusion with secondary bacterial infection, evolving into abscesses which eventually rupture. As the disease becomes chronic, ulcers appear, sinus tracts enlarge, fistulas develop, and fibrosis and scarring become evident.Sweat Gland Diseases: Diseases of the SWEAT GLANDS.Acne Vulgaris: A chronic disorder of the pilosebaceous apparatus associated with an increase in sebum secretion. It is characterized by open comedones (blackheads), closed comedones (whiteheads), and pustular nodules. The cause is unknown, but heredity and age are predisposing factors.Minoxidil: A potent direct-acting peripheral vasodilator (VASODILATOR AGENTS) that reduces peripheral resistance and produces a fall in BLOOD PRESSURE. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p371)Hyperhidrosis: Excessive sweating. In the localized type, the most frequent sites are the palms, soles, axillae, inguinal folds, and the perineal area. Its chief cause is thought to be emotional. Generalized hyperhidrosis may be induced by a hot, humid environment, by fever, or by vigorous exercise.Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.

*Salt metathesis reaction

For example, hydrochloric acid reacts with sodium hydroxide to produce sodium chloride and water: HCl (aq) + NaOH (aq) → NaCl ( ... thiocyanate and barium hydroxide in water: Ba(OH) 2 (s) + 2CuCNS (s) → Ba(CNS) 2 (aq) + 2CuOH (s) A subcategory of aqueous ... The term double decomposition is more specifically used when at least one of the substances does not dissolve in the solvent, ... For example, the precipitation of silver chloride from a mixture of silver nitrate and sodium chloride causes sodium nitrate to ...

*Quaternary ammonium cation

The highly reactive reagent dichlorocarbene is generated via PTC by reaction of chloroform and aqueous sodium hydroxide. In the ... Benzalkonium chloride, benzethonium chloride, methylbenzethonium chloride, cetalkonium chloride, cetylpyridinium chloride, ... Permanganate can be solubilized in organic solvents, when deployed as its NBu+ 4 salt. With exceptionally strong bases, quat ... Examples are benzalkonium chloride, benzethonium chloride, methylbenzethonium chloride, cetalkonium chloride, cetylpyridinium ...

*Aluminium hydroxide

... gels can be dehydrated (e.g. using water-miscible non-aqueous solvents like ethanol) to form an amorphous ... polyaluminium chloride, aluminium chloride, zeolites, sodium aluminate, activated alumina, and aluminium nitrate. Freshly ... is removed and aluminium hydroxide is precipitated from the remaining solution of sodium aluminate. This aluminium hydroxide ... The residue or bauxite tailings, which is mostly iron oxide, is highly caustic due to residual sodium hydroxide. It was ...

*Anhydrous

... which is an ammonium hydroxide aqueous solution gaseous hydrogen chloride is generally referred to as anhydrous to distinguish ... Solvents are commonly rendered anhydrous by boiling them in the presence of a hygroscopic substance; metallic sodium is one of ... Column solvent purification devices (generally referred to as Grubb's columns) recently became available, reducing the hazards ... To prevent this, anhydrous solvents must be used when performing certain reactions. Examples of reactions requiring the use of ...

*Metal halides

Sodium chloride crystal structure Discrete UF6 molecules Infinite chains of one form of palladium chloride In principle, most ... hydroxide, or carbonate with the appropriate halogen acid. For example, with sodium hydroxide: NaOH + HCl → NaCl + H2O Water ... Palladium chloride is insoluble in most organic solvents, but it forms soluble monomeric units with acetonitrile and ... and the metal halide quantitatively precipitates from aqueous solution. This reaction is so reliable that silver nitrate is ...

*Zinc chloride hydroxide monohydrate

Basic zinc chloride can be prepared by hydrolysis of a ZnCl2 solution in the presence of a base such as sodium hydroxide or ... 9). It can be synthesized from nano-sized ZnO particles aged in aqueous ZnCl2 solution at 6 ~ 140 °C for 48 h. Elevating the ... 4). Simonkolleite is virtually insoluble in water and organic solvents, soluble in mineral acids yielding the corresponding ... It can easily be converted to zinc hydroxide by reacting with sodium hydroxide (eq. 6). Its pH in water is 6.9 measured by EPA ...

*N-Oleoylsarcosine

... is added to an aqueous solution of N-methylglycine at pH 10 (kept constant by the addition of sodium hydroxide solution). Fatty ... As long-chain N-acylamino acid, the surfactant is soluble in many organic solvents and in mineral oil. In the alkaline it ... A standard method for the preparation of N-acylamino acids is the Schotten-Baumann reaction, in which oleoyl chloride (from ... can be used when methyl oleate is reacted with sodium N-methylglycinate upon the addition of equimolar amounts of sodium ...

*N-Bromosuccinimide

To do so, sodium hydroxide and bromine are added to an ice-water solution of succinimide. The NBS product precipitates and can ... NBS will react with alkenes 1 in aqueous solvents to give bromohydrins 2. The preferred conditions are the portionwise addition ... For example, hexanoyl chloride 1 can be brominated in the alpha-position by NBS using acid catalysis. The reaction of enolates ... Using DMF as the solvent gives high levels of para-selectivity. NBS, in the presence of a strong base, such as DBU, reacts with ...

*Polysulfone

... aprotic solvent, e.g. dimethyl sulfoxide, forming a polyether by elimination of sodium chloride:: Also bis(4-fluorophenyl) ... The sodium salt of the diphenol is formed in situ by reaction with a stoichiometric amount of sodium hydroxide (NaOH). The ... It is also stable in aqueous acids and bases and many non-polar solvents; however, it is soluble in dichloromethane and ... chloride or antimony(V)chloride): All PAES commercially available nowadays are not synthesized via this route but rather via a ...

*Alkenylaluminium compounds

The combined organic extract was washed successively with 1 N sodium hydroxide, 10% sodium sulfite, and saturated aqueous ... The stereoselectivity of hydroalumination can be altered through a change in solvent: tertiary amine solvents provide the trans ... sodium chloride and then was treated with a few crystals of BHT to inhibit isomerization of the alkenyl bromide. After drying ... hydrochloric acid or 6 N sodium hydroxide), as moderate pH encourages the formation of gelatinous aluminium hydroxide, which ...

*Acid-base reaction

... with sodium hydroxide, NaOH, solutions produces a solution of sodium chloride, NaCl, and some additional water molecules. HCl( ... a decrease in the aqueous hydronium concentration, or an increase in the aqueous hydroxide concentration. The reaction of an ... solvent) + AgCl (salt) Because the solvent system definition depends on the solute as well as on the solvent itself, a ... an increase in the aqueous hydronium concentration, or a decrease in the aqueous hydroxide concentration. Conversely, to ...

*Potassium hydroxide

... and can thus contain more cleaning agent than liquefied sodium soaps. Aqueous potassium hydroxide is employed as the ... It is often used to dry basic solvents, especially amines and pyridines: distillation of these basic liquids from a slurry of ... an anodic oxidation of the chloride ion takes place, forming chlorine gas as a byproduct. Separation of the anodic and cathodic ... Nickel-iron batteries also use potassium hydroxide electrolyte. Like sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide attracts numerous ...

*Aqueous solution

An example of a hydrophilic substance is sodium chloride. Acids and bases are aqueous solutions, as part of their Arrhenius ... it is a ubiquitous solvent in chemistry. Aqueous solution is water with a pH of 7.0 where the hydrogen ions (H+) and hydroxide ... or sodium chloride (NaCl), in water would be represented as Na+(aq) + Cl−(aq). The word aqueous (which comes from aqua) means ... An aqueous solution is a solution in which the solvent is water. It is mostly shown in chemical equations by appending (aq) to ...

*Dodecaborate

... is quite stable, surviving hot aqueous sodium hydroxide as well as hydrochloric acid. It rarely forms a ligand in ... Mixed salts with chloride, bromide and iodide also exist. Large cations can also form mixed nitrates and hydroborates. ... B12H12]2− salts have been evaluated as counterions for solvent extraction of the radionuclides 152Eu and 241Am, which are ... Lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, cesium, copper(i), silver, thallium(i), beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium ...

*N,N,N′,N′-Tetramethylformamidinium chloride

In aqueous sodium cyanide N,N,N′,N′-Tetramethylformamidinium reacts to bis(dimethylamino)acetonitrile. From N,N,N′,N′- ... ethyl cyanoacetate reacts with the formamidinium salt in the presence of solid sodium hydroxide to give ethyl( ... "Basicity of nucleophilic carbenes in aqueous and nonaqueous solvents - theoretical predictions", J. Am. Chem. Soc. 126 (28): pp ... chloride or tin(II)chloride in favour of the presence of N,N,N′,N′-tetramethylformamidinium chloride. The extreme hygroscopy of ...

*Potassium chloride

Along with sodium chloride and lithium chloride, potassium chloride is used as a flux for the gas welding of aluminium. ... In aqueous solution, it is essentially fully ionized into solvated K+ and Cl- ions. Although potassium is more electropositive ... As a chemical feedstock, it is used for the manufacture of potassium hydroxide and potassium metal. It is also used in medicine ... KCl is soluble in a variety of polar solvents. Solutions of KCl are common standards, for example for calibration of the ...

*2-Vinylpyridine

After removal of unreacted 2-methylpyridine by distillation, concentrated aqueous sodium hydroxide is added to the residue and ... Acrylonitrile is the solvent for the reaction. Vinylpyridine is sensitive to polymerization. It may be stabilized with a free ... Treating 2-vinylpyridine with 4-pyridinecarbonitrile and hydrogen chloride gives 1-[2-(2-pyridyl)ethyl]-4-cyanopyridinium ... The homopolymer is soluble in organic solvents such as methanol and acetone, whereas cross-linked copolymers are insoluble in ...

*Tetraethylammonium chloride

N-dialkylation of aniline and N-alkylation of carbazole using aqueous sodium hydroxide and alkyl halides. In common with ... 4-dimethyl-1-tetralone in solvent acetonitrile". J. Org. Chem. 27: 3299-3300. doi:10.1021/jo01056a501. K. M. Harmon, J. M. ... Reaction of tetraethylammonium iodide and mercurous chloride. Reaction of tetraethylammonium hydroxide and hydrogen chloride. ... Infrared study of the water-chloride ion cluster in tetraethylammonium chloride hydrate". Inorg. Chem. 20 4013-4015. H. A. ...

*Sodium chloride

Some applications of chlorine include PVC, disinfectants, and solvents. Sodium hydroxide enables industries that produce paper ... Aqueous solutionsEdit. Solubility of NaCl. (g NaCl / 1 kg of solvent at 25 °C (77 °F))[17]. ... Sodium chloride is used in the Solvay process to produce sodium carbonate and calcium chloride. Sodium carbonate, in turn, is ... Solid sodium chlorideEdit. See also: Cubic crystal system. In solid sodium chloride, each ion is surrounded by six ions of the ...

*Ethylenediamine

The amine is liberated by addition of sodium hydroxide and can then be recovered by rectification. Diethylenetriamine (DETA) ... C in an aqueous medium: In this reaction hydrogen chloride is generated, which forms a salt with the amine. ... as a solvent, it is miscible with polar solvents and is used to solubilize proteins such as albumins and casein. It is also ...

*Sodium hydroxide

For example, when sodium hydroxide reacts with hydrochloric acid, sodium chloride is formed: NaOH(aq) + HCl(aq) → NaCl(aq) + ... However, the limited solubility of sodium hydroxide in organic solvents means that the more soluble potassium hydroxide (KOH) ... In bulk, it is most often handled as an aqueous solution, since solutions are cheaper and easier to handle. Sodium hydroxide is ... sodium hydroxide was produced by treating sodium carbonate with calcium hydroxide in a metathesis reaction. (Sodium hydroxide ...

*Vinyl ether

It was stated that the action of heated sodium hydroxide upon β,β`-dichlorodiethyl ether produced a liquid boiling at 39 °C ( ... described to be similar to ethyl chloride). It is practically insoluble in water (.53g/100g water at 37 °C) but miscible with ... it is also rapidly oxidized by aqueous potassium permanganate; sulfuric acid reacts with vinyl ether producing a black tarry ... ethanol, ethyl ether, oils and other organic solvents. Vinyl Ether is a rather unstable compound which with exposure to light ...

*Neodymium(III) chloride

The acidic filtrates are partially neutralized with sodium hydroxide to pH 3-4. Thorium precipitates out of solution as ... The structure of neodymium(III) chloride in solution crucially depends on the solvent: In water, the major species are Nd(H2O) ... The coating is produced either by immersion into aqueous solution of NdCl3 for a week or by electrolytic deposition using the ... Solubility of neodymium(III) chloride (and other rare-earth salts) is various solvents results in a new type of rare-earth ...

*Fluoride

Sodium fluoride and sodium chloride adopt the same structure. For compounds containing more than one fluoride per cation, the ... Its closest chemical relative is hydroxide.[citation needed] When relatively unsolvated, for example in nonprotic solvents, ... In aqueous solution, fluoride has a pKb value of 10.8. It is therefore a weak base, and tends to remain as the fluoride ion ... Treatment may involve oral administration of dilute calcium hydroxide or calcium chloride to prevent further absorption, and ...

*Ethylene oxide

... and beside sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide, calcium hydroxide, barium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide or carbonates of ... sulfonyl hydroxide: 3 (CH2CH2)O + H2S → [(HO-CH2CH2)3S+]OH− Reaction of ethylene oxide with aqueous solutions of barium nitrite ... 3P The reaction product of ethylene oxide with acyl chlorides in the presence of sodium iodide is a complex iodoethyl ester: ( ... For a cleaner product, the reaction is conducted in the gas phase or in an organic solvent. Ethylene fluorohydrin is obtained ...

*Ketone

... in presence of dilute Sodium Hydroxide to give violet coloration. ... Oxidation of amines with iron(III) chloride.[19]. *Hydrolysis of unsaturated secondary amides,[20] β-Keto acid esters,[11] or β ... Representative ketones, from the left: acetone, a common solvent; oxaloacetate, an intermediate in the metabolism of sugars; ... With Grignard and organolithium reagents to give, after aqueous workup, a tertiary alcohol ...
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Spent caustic is a waste industrial caustic solution that has become exhausted and is no longer useful (or spent). Spent caustics are made of sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide, water, and contaminants. The contaminants have consumed the majority of the sodium (or potassium) hydroxide and thus the caustic liquor is spent, for example, in one common application H2S (gas) is scrubbed by the NaOH (aqueous) to form NaHS (aq) and H2O (l), thus consuming the caustic. Ethylene spent caustic comes from the caustic scrubbing of cracked gas from an ethylene cracker. This liquor is produced by a caustic scrubbing tower. Ethylene product gas is contaminated with H 2S(g) and CO2(g), and those contaminants are removed by absorption in the caustic scrubbing tower to produce NaHS(aq) and Na 2CO 3(aq). The sodium hydroxide is consumed and the resulting wastewater (ethylene spent ...
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Two of the more common household products containing sodium hydroxide are drain cleaners and oven cleaners. When most pipes are clogged it is with a combination of fats and grease. Cleaners that contain sodium hydroxide (either as a solid or already dissolved in water) convert the fats to soap, which dissolves in water. In addition, when sodium hydroxide dissolves in water a great deal of heat is given off. This heat helps to melt the clog. Sodium hydroxide is very damaging to human tissue (especially eyes). If a large amount of solid drain cleaner is added to a clogged drain, the heat produced can actually boil the water, leading to a splash in the eyes of a solution caustic enough to cause blindness. Some drain cleaners also contain small pieces of aluminum metal. Aluminum reacts with sodium hydroxide in water to produce hydrogen gas. The ...
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Sodium hydroxide is a popular strong base used in industry. Around 56% of sodium hydroxide produced is used by industry, 25% of which is used in the paper industry. Sodium hydroxide is also used in the manufacture of sodium salts and detergents, pH regulation, and organic synthesis. It is used in the Bayer process of aluminium production.[15] In bulk, it is most often handled as an aqueous solution,[29] since solutions are cheaper and easier to handle. Sodium hydroxide is used in many scenarios where it is desirable to increase the alkalinity of a mixture, or to neutralize acids. For example, in the petroleum industry, sodium hydroxide is used as an additive in drilling mud to increase alkalinity in bentonite mud systems, to increase the mud viscosity, and to neutralize any acid gas (such as hydrogen sulfide ...
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After noticing the nice caustic through a glass of cognac one late evening I decided to simulate it. Not having a 3d-model of a cognac glass (or a modeling package) I ended up writing a program that would take a number of sample points a generate a smooth spline curve, which was then used to generate a surface of revolution. This image was rendered on a P-90 in 4 hours using 64 samples per pixel, and something around 200.000 photons for the caustic. Notice the detail in the caustic as well as the smoothly connected caustic & shadow boundary. The high number of pixel-samples was necessary to reduce noise in the depth-of-field simulation. ...
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Aluminum reacts with sodium hydroxide. Sodium hydroxide is otherwise known as lye or caustic soda. When aluminum and sodium hydroxide come into contact with one another, there is quite a vigorous...
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Previously, sodium hydroxide has been prepared using two processes namely, an Electrolytic process and Caustisization of soda ash. Both methods require a lot of energy and products made under these conditions are very expensive. The present study was aimed at investigating whether barium hydroxide rather than slaked lime can be used in the lime-soda process. The barium hydroxide was obtained from carefully selected barium compounds which thermally decomposed within temperature ranges of 600°C-700°C to barium oxide. The barium compounds used were barium sulphite and barium nitrate. The barium hydroxide was reacted with sodium carbonate and formed sodium hydroxide and barium carbonate as slaked lime in the lime-soda process that produces sodium hydroxide and calcium carbonate. The results have confirmed beyond any reasonable doubt that both ...
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TABLE-US-00003 TABLE 3 Polyphenol compound Basic substance Metals salt Comp. Example 4 Gallic acid Bleacher -- Example 10 Gallic acid Bleacher magnesium chloride Comp. Example 5 (+)-catechin Sodium hydroxide -- Example 11 (+)-catechin Sodium hydroxide magnesium chloride Comp. Example 6 α G rutin Lye -- Example 12 α G rutin Lye magnesium chloride Comp. Example 7 Caffeic acid brine -- Example 13 Caffeic acid brine magnesium chloride Comp. Example 8 green tee extract sodium hydrogen -- carbonate Example 14 green tee extract sodium hydrogen magnesium chloride carbonate Comp. Example 9 Coffee raw bean extract sodium hydroxide -- Example 15 Coffee raw bean extract sodium hydroxide magnesium chloride Comp. Example 10 Apple extract ...
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Caustic Soda Pearl / Sodium Hydroxide 99% CAS 1310-73-2 for Textile & Washing Industry from Guangzhou Tianyue Chemical Co.,Ltd on Manufacturer.com. This supplier is located in Guangzhou, China in the province of Guangdong.
Sodium hydroxide, Caustic soda (Natriumhydroxid, Ätznatron) - Flakes 1310-73-2 by distripark GmbH in large quantities on CheMondis, the trusted chemical B2B online marketplace. Verified suppliers ✓ No transaction costs ✓ Sign up now ▶
An ion exchange film comprises a fluorine-containing polymer with (1) ion exchange sites present in a first layer as N-monosubstituted sulfonamido groups or salt thereof formed through reaction of a primary amine and (2) ion exchange sites present in a second layer of the film other than as said N-monosubstituted group or salt thereof. The film is suitable as a separator in a cell for electrolysis of an alkali or alkaline earth metal halide particularly sodium chloride in producing hydrogen, chlorine and caustic soda. In making concentrated caustic soda, high current efficiencies have been obtained in operation of the cell.
Benign strictures of the esophagus usually result from scarring and subsequent tissue contraction secondary to esophageal wall injury. This pathology is caused in most cases by long-standing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), often in association with one of the esophageal motility disorders (e.g., achalasia, diffuse esophageal spasm, or aperistalsis).1,2 Endoscopic dilation of benign esophageal strictures that are refractory to medical management is a less morbid alternative to surgery. Approximately 20% to 30% of cases are unrelated to GERD, and their treatment usually is more challenging. Examples include strictures arising from complications of surgical anastomosis,3 injuries caused by caustic ingestions, early and late consequences of external-beam radiation, esophageal sclerotherapy, laser or photodynamic therapy, medication- or pill-induced esophagitis that is associated with numerous medications (e.g., alendronate, ferrous sulfate, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, phenytoin, ...
I wish there was such a thing as a completely natural soap made only from coconut oil, olive oil, essential oils etc. But this is unfortunately impossible. There is absolutely no way to make a bar soap without using lye.. The basic reaction that is needed to make soap, called saponification, cannot occur without some form of lye reacting with some form of oil. Lye is actually a general term for a very strong alkali. There are two alkalis that can be used to make soap: sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) and potassium hydroxide. Both are considered lye, but the potassium hydroxide is not strong enough to make a solid soap. It is only used for making liquid soaps.. Therefore sodium hydroxide cannot be substituted for potassium hydroxide and vice versa because soap making recipes will have different quantity requirements for these two chemicals depending on the kind of soap being manufactured. In ...
vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text] Caustic soda Liquid Caustic soda uses electrolysis method which result in pure liquid caustic-soda and free of metal impurities, and are marketed in two types: 30% -33% and 48% -50%; which are according to ISIRI 364 Standard and conventional caustic-Soda.... Read more ... ...
vc_row][vc_column][vc_column_text] Caustic soda Liquid Caustic soda uses electrolysis method which result in pure liquid caustic-soda and free of metal impurities, and are marketed in two types: 30% -33% and 48% -50%; which are according to ISIRI 364 Standard and conventional caustic-Soda.... Read more ... ...
Corticosteroid therapy in the management of corrosive substance ingestion in children is controversial. Different corticosteroids (dexamethasone, prednisolone, methylprednisolone) were used at different doses and through different routes of administration (oral, IV) from 7 days to 4 to 6 weeks in children with corrosive esophagitis. 5 , 15 - 17 In the current study, we used methylprednisolone at a dose of 1 g/1.73 m2/day for 3 days. In the study by Bouktir et al, 11 methylprednisolone was administered for 19 days, and the study included 23 patients with grade IIb and III esophageal burns. The percentage of stricture formation was 45.8%. In their study, they observed stricture formation in 7 of 20 patients with grade IIb and in all patients with grade III esophageal burns. The authors commented that methylprednisolone therapy may affect the prognosis positively at that dose. In a study from Tunisia, high-dose methylprednisolone therapy was administered subcutaneously to 26 patients. The authors ...
Volatile fatty acids (VFA) are building blocks for the chemical industry. Sustainable, biological production is constrained by production and recovery costs, including the need for intensive pH correction. Membrane electrolysis has been developed as an in situ extraction technology tailored to the direct recovery of VFA from fermentation while stabilizing acidogenesis without caustic addition. A current applied across an anion exchange membrane reduces the fermentation broth (catholyte, water reduction: H2O + e− → ½ H2 + OH−) and drives carboxylate ions into a clean, concentrated VFA stream (anolyte, water oxidation: H2O → 2e− + 2 H+ + O2). In this study, we fermented thin stillage to generate a mixed VFA extract without chemical pH control. Membrane electrolysis (0.1 A, 3.22 ± 0.60 V) extracted 28 ± 6 % of carboxylates generated per day (on a carbon basis) and completely replaced caustic control of pH, with no impact on the total carboxylate production amount or rate. Hydrogen generated
The filamentous fungus Trichoderma reesei is one of the main sources for cellulose degrading enzymes. We study the enzyme profile produced during the fungal growth on cellulosic and lignocellulosic substrates and their capacity to hydrolyze cellulosic and lignocellulosic substrates with different chemical and physical properties. The results will bring insight into the bottlenecks of enzymatic hydrolysis. During the enzyme production study, we grew T. reesei strain Rut C-30 in submerged fermentations on Avicel PH101, commercial cellulose, and industrial-like lignocellulosic substrates from spruce. These substrates were produced during the process of sodium hydroxide cooking, used in pulp and paper industry. Additionally we altered the chemical and physical properties of those substrates by drying and rewetting, treatment of sodium hydroxide and sodium chlorite in order to decrease or increase the surface area and delignify, ...
The cause of Haff disease remains unclear at the moment. It is suspected to be caused by a heat-stable toxin that accumulates in the implicated food. However, chemical analysis of incriminated food (i.e. red swamp crayfish and fish), blood and urine samples from patients so far did not yield any possible toxins, drugs and hazardous elements. Some people suspected the improper use of washing solutions (such as solutions containing oxalic acid or sodium hydroxide) to clean crayfish would lead to rhabdomyolysis; however, oxalic acid or sodium hydroxide would not induce symptoms similar to that of rhabdomyolysis ...
ATLANTA--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Feb. 6, 2014-- Axiall Corporation today updated its assessment of the PHH vinyl chloride monomer manufacturing facility at the companys Lake Charles chemicals complex in Louisiana that was affected by the December 20 fire. Based on its current assessment the company anticipates operations to resume near the end of the first quarter of 2014. The company estimates that the repairs and lost production will have minimal impact on fourth quarter 2013 financial results but will reduce first quarter 2014 operating income by approximately $25 million. About Axiall Axiall Corporation (NYSE: AXLL) is a leading integrated chemicals and building products company. It is an international manufacturer of chlor-alkali and derivatives, chlorovinyls and aromatics products including chlorine, caustic soda, vinyl chloride monomer, chlorinated solvents, calcium hypochlorite, ethylene dichloride, muriatic acid, phosgene derivatives, ...
ATLANTA--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Feb. 6, 2014-- Axiall Corporation today updated its assessment of the PHH vinyl chloride monomer manufacturing facility at the companys Lake Charles chemicals complex in Louisiana that was affected by the December 20 fire. Based on its current assessment the company anticipates operations to resume near the end of the first quarter of 2014. The company estimates that the repairs and lost production will have minimal impact on fourth quarter 2013 financial results but will reduce first quarter 2014 operating income by approximately $25 million. About Axiall Axiall Corporation (NYSE: AXLL) is a leading integrated chemicals and building products company. It is an international manufacturer of chlor-alkali and derivatives, chlorovinyls and aromatics products including chlorine, caustic soda, vinyl chloride monomer, chlorinated solvents, calcium hypochlorite, ethylene dichloride, muriatic acid, phosgene derivatives, ...
ANQING PUHUA TRADING CO., LTD Web Home --Orotic Acid, 2-Methyltetrahydrofuran, Phenol,dichlorobenzene,Chlorotoluene,Metacresol,Sodium dithionite,Ethyl chloride,Trichloropyridin-2-Ol Sodium,Diazinon,Dursban,Glyphosate,Imidacloprid,Acetamiprid,Cyhalothrin、Succinic Acid,Disodium Succinage,Calcium chloride, Methyl alcohol,Ethyl alcohol,Xylene,Caustic soda,Acetic acid ,Formaldehyde,Organic Pigment etc
Flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) seeds are widely used for oil extraction and the cold-pressed flaxseed (or linseed) cakes obtained during this process constitute a valuable by-product. The flavonol herbacetin diglucoside (HDG) has been previously reported as a constituent of the flaxseed lignan macromolecule linked through ester bonds to the linker molecule hydroxymethylglutaric acid. In this context, the development and validation of a new approach using microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) of HDG from flaxseed cakes followed by quantification with a reverse-phase HPLC system with UV detection was purposed. The experimental parameters affecting the HDG extraction yield, such as microwave power, extraction time and sodium hydroxide concentration, from the lignan macromolecule were optimized. A maximum HDG concentration of 5.76 mg/g DW in flaxseed cakes was measured following an irradiation time of 6 min, for a microwave power of 150 W using a direct extraction in 0.1 M NaOH in ...
Qingdao Hisea chem Co., Ltd is a famous chemical manufacturer. Our main product is Glacial Acetic Acid,Methyl Ethyl Ketone,Hydrogen Peroxide,Formic Acid,Methyl Isobutyl Ketone,Cyclohexanone,Methyl Acetate,Ethyl Acetate and Isopropyl Alcohol.
Summary: The color change of crystal violet is observed as it reacts with three different concentrations of sodium hydroxide.. Hazards: Concentrated solutions of NaOH are caustic.. Chemicals and Solutions: Crystal violet solution 1.5 x 10-5M. 2M NaOH Materials: three 250 mL beakers or crystallizing dishes. two 100 mL graduated cylinders. Procedure: Place 100 mL of the crystal violet solution into each of the three beakers.. Place the first beaker on the overhead projector. To the first beaker add 100 mL of 2M NaOH and stir. Time how long it takes for the solution to go colorless.. Dilute the 2M NaOH to 1M by adding 50 mL of the 2M NaOH to 50 mL of water. Add the 100 mL of 1M NaOH to a second beaker of crystal violet placed on the overhead projector and stir. Time how long it takes for the solution to go colorless. (twice as long). Dilute the 25 ml 2M NaOH to 100 mL 0.5 M and add to the third beaker of crystal violet on the overhead projector. (This run should take 4 times as ...
12. The process according to claim 11, wherein, i) in step a) the base used is selected from a group which includes hydroxides of alkali and alkaline earth metals such as lithium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide; carbonates of alkali metals such as sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate and bicarbonates of alkali metals such as sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate; or may be an organic base which is selected from a group which includes but is not limited to triethyl amine, tributyl amine, N-(1-methylethyl)-2-propanamine, 4-ethylmorpholine, 4-dimethylamino pyridine, diisopropyl ethyl amine, 4-dimethylaminopyridine, 1,8-diazabicyclo [5.4.0]undec-7-ene, 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane, pyridine; the solvent used is selected from water, aliphatic hydrocarbons like hexane, cyclohexane, or aromatic hydrocarbons like xylene, toluene; or halogenated hydrocarbons ...
Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) were successfully synthesized in the natural polymeric matrix. Silver nitrate, gelatin, glucose, and sodium hydroxide have been used as silver precursor, stabilizer, reducing agent, and accelerator reagent, respectively. This study investigated the role of NaOH as the accelerator. The resultant products have been confirmed to be Ag-NPs using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), UV-vis spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The colloidal sols of Ag-NPs obtained at different volumes of NaOH show strong and different surface plasmon resonance (SPR) peaks, which can be explained from the TEM images of Ag-NPs and their particle size distribution. Compared with other synthetic methods, this work is green, rapid, and simple to use. The newly prepared Ag-NPs may have many potential applications in chemical and biological industries.
Isopropanol (syn: isopropyl alcohol, IPA):• forms ketones and unstable peroxides on contact with air or oxygen; the presence of ketones especially methyl ethyl ketone (MEK, 2-butanone) will accelerate the rate of peroxidation• reacts violently with strong oxidisers, powdered aluminium (exothermic), crotonaldehyde, diethyl aluminium bromide (ignition), dioxygenyl tetrafluoroborate (ignition/ ambient temperature), chromium trioxide (ignition), potassium-tert-butoxide (ignition), nitroform (possible explosion), oleum (pressure increased in closed container), cobalt chloride, aluminium triisopropoxide, hydrogen plus palladium dust (ignition), oxygen gas, phosgene, phosgene plus iron salts (possible explosion), sodium dichromate plus sulfuric acid (exothermic/ incandescence), triisobutyl aluminium• reacts with phosphorus trichloride forming hydrogen chloride gas• reacts, possibly violently, with alkaline earth and alkali metals, strong acids, ...
Another product available over-the-counter that can aid in wart removal is silver nitrate in the form of a caustic pencil, which is also available at drug stores. In a placebo-controlled study of 70 patients, silver nitrate given over nine days resulted in clearance of all warts in 43% and improvement in warts in 26% one month after treatment compared to 11% and 14%, respectively, in the placebo group.[24] The instructions must be followed to minimize staining of skin and clothing. Occasionally pigmented scars may develop.. Several randomized, controlled trials have found that zinc sulfate, consumed orally, often reduces or eliminates warts.[25][26][27] The zinc sulfate dosage used in medical trials for treatment of warts was between 5 and 10 mg/kg/day. For elemental zinc, a lower dosage of 2.5 mg/kg/day may be appropriate as large amounts of zinc may cause a copper deficiency.[25] Other trials have found that topical zinc sulfate solution[28] or zinc oxide[29] are also effective.. A 2014 study ...
Potassium hydroxide, also known as caustic potash, is an inorganic compound with various industrial and niche applications. With chemical formula KOH, potassium hydroxide is a compound produced on a large scale globally. It is highly basic and forms strong alkaline solutions in water. Its production is stated to grow consistently in following years ...
Zithromax (generic name: azithromycin; denounce hatchet job include: azovid / azee / azotik / azithral / zithromac / vinzam / zmax / sumamed / zitrocin / aziswift) is in a education of agents titled macrolide antibiotics. Indometacin block up the output of these prostaglandinss and is therefore existent at reducing fervor and pain. The private property of xenical on physical property loss, burden actus reus and charge acquire be intimate been measureed in objective tribulations that included less than 4000 patients generic nolvadex online. Nexium is as well indicated for the short-term and living direction (4 to 8 weeks) of caustic esophagitis. This alter hawthorn be caused finished example from digest lysergic acid diethylamide eating away gone the piece of cloth of the esophagus. With nexium, nearly chemical action improve in 4 to 8 weeks. Zithromax is commonly utilized to handle chlamydia. Zithromax is also old to keep transmissions by a microorganism called true bacteria avium-intracellulare ...
Toxicological evaluation of some food additives including anticaking agents, antimicrobials, antioxidants, emulsifiers and thickening agents WHO FOOD ADDITIVES SERIES NO. 5 The evaluations contained in this publication were prepared by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives which met in Geneva, 25 June - 4 July 19731 World Health Organization Geneva 1974 1 Seventeenth Report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives, Wld Hlth Org. techn. Rep. Ser., 1974, No. 539; FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series, 1974, No. 53. ALKALI-TREATED STARCHES Explanation Modification is carried out by treatment with a maximum of 1% alkali hydroxide. No chemical transformation except depolymerization seems to occur. If any amylose appears in crystalline form it may not be accessible to enzymic degradation. Comments: This treatment does not result in any appreciable chemical difference from normal food constituents. EVALUATION Estimate of acceptable daily intake for man Not limited.* * ...
Naphthenic acids (NAs) are composed of alkyl-subst ituted acyclic and cycloaliphatic carboxylic acids and, because they are acutely toxic to fish, are of toxicological concern. During the caustic hot-water extraction of oil from the bitumen in oil sands deposits, NAs become concentrated in the resulting tailings pond water. The present study investigated if dissipation of NAs occurs in the presence of hydroponically grown emergent macrophytes (Typha latifolia, Phragmites australis, and Scirpus acutus) to determine the potential for phytoremediation of these compounds. Plants were grown with oil sands NAs (pKa ∼ 5-6) in medium at pH 7.8 (predominantly ionized NAs) and pH 5.0 (predominantly nonionized NAs) to determine if, by altering their chemical form, NAs may be more accessible to plants and, thus, undergo increased dissipation. Whereas the oil sands NA mixture in its nonionized form was more toxic to wetland plants than its ionized form, neither form appeared to be sequestered by wetland ...
A reddish-yellow compound (NaS), generally prepared by the reduction of sodium sulfate with carbon monoxide or hydrogen. It is soluble in water and is used as a sharpening agent in lime liquors. It forms both sodium hydrosulfide and sodium hydroxide when dissolved in water. Its action is much more caustic than that of SODIUM HYDROSULFIDE . (291 , 363 ) ...
BENZOYL CHLORIDE, CHLOROSOLPHONIC ACID PURE, CALCIUM HYPOPHOSPHITE, CHLORAL [TRICHLOROACETALDEHYDE], CHLORANIL, ETHER ANHYDROUS, GUM ACACIA, GUM ARABIC, GUM GUAR POWDER, HYPOPHOSPHORUS ACID, ISATOIC ANHYDRIDE, ISOBUTYLENE, LEAD SUB - ACETATE, MERCURY NITRATE, MERCURY CHLORIDE, METHYL TERTBUTYL ETHER, MAGNESIUM HYPOPHOSPHITE, p - NITROBENZOIC ACID METHYL ESTER, p - NITROMETHYLBENZOATE, POLY ALUMINIUM CHLORIDE, POTASH ALUM, POTASSIUM BICARBONATE, POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE PELLETS, PYROPHOSPHORYL CHLORIDE, SODIUM HYDROXIDE PELLETS, STANNOUS CHLORIDE, STANNIC CHLORIDE, TETRAPOTASSIUM PYROPHOSPHATE, TRICHLOROACETIC ACID, TRICLOSAN, TRIMETHYL CHLOROSILANE
Sugarcane bagasse contains cellulose, lignin and hemicellulose, 39-42%, 20-25% and 25-27% respectively. So it is can be used as a sugar source in many processes. Lignin and hemicellulose must be removed before hydrolysis of cellulose. Several different pretreatment approaches have been studied. The purpose of this research is comparison of acid, ozone and combination of ozone-acid as pretreatment methods for improving enzymatic digestibility of sugar cane bagasse in pilot plant scale. Sugar cane Bagasse was washed and pretreated by sulfuric acid (BA) 0.1 %, sodium hydroxide (BSH) 0.1% and (BS) steam was done at pressure 2 bar. Sugar cane bagasse was also treated by sulfuric acid (1, 2, 2.5, and 5%) at 121 º C and 151 º C. Ozone and ozone-acid methods also was used for delignification of bagasse. Particle diameter of bagasse in all pretreatment methods was 3-4 mm. All pretreated bagasse was hydrolyzed by cellulose enzyme complex and beta-gluocosidase at pH 5 and temperature ...
Sodium Benzoate, E211, CAS no.532-32-1, food preservative, sodium salt of benzoic acid, manufacturing process via chemical synthesis, Benzoic acid and sodium hydroxide as raw materials. Sodium Benzoate is safe food preservative used as antimicrobial agent, flavoring agent and adjuvant in food, cosmetics, shampoo, skin care, soda water, food preservation, toothpaste ...
Organic Aloe Vera Gel Concentrate, Hydrolyzed Coconut and Palm Kernel Oil, Condensed Organic Grain Fermentation Solubles with Organic D.U.A.� Media, Organic Apple Cider Vinegar, Distilled Water, Organic Sugar, Yucca Schidigera Extract, Organic Sources of (Peppermint, Garlic Extract, Ginger Extract, Dandelion Extract, Violet Leaf Extract), Copper Sulfate, Hydrogen Peroxide, Citric Acid, Potassium Citrate, Calcium Sulfate, Sodium Hydroxide, Amino Acetic Acid, Magnesium Sulfate, Maltodextrin, Inositol, Olive Leaf Extract, Mushroom Extract, Vitamin A Acetate, Vitamin D3, Vitamin E, Vitamin B12, Lactobacillus Acidophilus, Lactobacillus Caesi, Bifidobacterium Longum, Bifidobacterium Thermophilum, Enterococcus Faecium, Riboflavin, Ascorbic Acid, Pantothenic Acid, Niacin, Thiamine, Biotin, Ferric Ammonium Citrate, Sodium Bicarbonate, Yeast Extract, Potassium Carbonate, Silica Dioxide, Natural Tocopherals ...
Powell Fabrication is the worlds leading supplier of equipment to produce, filter, dilute, store, monitor, unload and load sodium hypochlorite, chlorine, sodium hydroxide, ammonia, sulfur dioxide, methanol, and other hazardous chemicals.
This work proposes a method for fabricating silica-coated gold (Au) nanoparticles, surface modified with poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) (Au/SiO2/PEG), with a particle size of 54.8 nm. X-ray imaging of a mouse is performed with the colloid solution. A colloid solution of 17.9 nm Au nanoparticles was prepared by reducing Au ions (III) with sodium citrate in water at 80 °C. The method used for silica-coating the Au nanoparticles was composed of surface-modification of the Au nanoparticles with (3-aminopropyl)-trimethoxysilane (APMS) and a sol-gel process. The sol-gel process was performed in the presence of the surface-modified Au nanoparticles using tetraethylorthosilicate, APMS, water, and sodium hydroxide, in which the formation of silica shells and the introduction of amino groups to the silica-coated particles took place simultaneously (Au/SiO2-NH2). Surface modification of the Au/SiO2-NH2 particles with PEG, or PEGylation of the particle surface, was ...
Multimineral amino acid blend (providing calcium carbonate, magnesium oxide, ferrous sulphate, zinc oxide, manganese carbonate, copper sulphate, potassium iodide, sodium selenite, chromium chloride, sodium molybdate complexed with citric acid, glycine, rice flour, rice protein complex, sodium hydroxide, sodium citrate, aspartic acid and maltodextrin), di-Calcium Phosphate, Bulking agent: Microcrystalline cellulose, Vitamin C (with hydroxypropylmethylcellulose), Niacin (as niacinamide), Vitamin E (natural source vitamin E from non-GM soya), Magnesium Stearate, Lutein, Pantothenic Acid, Beta-carotene (with D-α-tocopherol, sodium ascorbate, ascorbyl palmitate, corn starch, glucose), Vitamin B12 (with dicalcium phosphate), Biotin (with di-calcium phosphate), Vitamin B6, Thiamin, Vitamin D3 (with arabic gum, tricalcium phosphate, D-α-tocopherol), Folic Acid (with dicalcium phosphate), Tablet ...
CNP Laboratory A Clean All Control Moisturizer ingredients explained: Water, Propylene Glycol, Rosa Canina Fruit Oil, Niacinamide, Diglycerin, Glycerin, C14-22 Alcohols, C12-20 Alkyl Glucoside, Panthenol, Butylene Glycol Dicaprylate/Dicaprate, Polyglyceryl-10 Stearate, Butylene Glycol, Sorbitan Stearate, Sucrose Cocoate, Cyclopentasiloxane, Cyclohexasiloxane, 1,2-Hexanediol, Hydroxyacetophenone, Phytosphingosine, Tocopheryl Acetate, Polyacrylate-13, Polyisobutene, Polysorbate 20, Allantoin, Magnolia Kobus Bark Extract, Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract, Citrus Grandis (Grapefruit) Fruit Extract, Thujopsis Dolabrata Branch Extract, Xanthan Gum, Sodium Carbomer, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer, Disodium EDTA, Madecassoside, Sodium Hyaluronate, Glycosaminoglycans, Pentylene Glycol, Fructose, Citric Acid, Sodium Hydroxide, Maltose, Sodium PCA, Sodium ...
Instructions for use: Gently apply onto the eye contour morning and night One pump needed for both eyes A mild cooling sensation may be experienced 15ml/ 0.5fl.oz. Ingredients: Aqua (Water),Butylene Glycol, Glycerin, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter, Glyceryl Stearate SE, Cyclodextrin, Stearic Acid ,Albizia Julibrissin Bark Extract, Polyglyceryl-3 Methylglucose Distearate, Tapioca Starch Polymethylsilsequioxane, Phenoxyethanol, Pullulan, Retinyl Palmitate, Acacia Decurrens/Jojoba/Sunflower Seed Wax/Polyglyceryl-3 Esters, Allantoin, Crambe Abyssinica Seed Oil, Tocopheryl Acetate, Benzyl Alcohol, Xylitylglucosides, Anyhydroxylitol, Mica, Sodium Stearoyl Glutamate, Maltodextrin, Manilkara Multinervis Leaf Extract, CI 77891 (Titanium Dioxide), Sodium Hyaluronate, Algae Extract, Xylitol, Disodium EDTA, Ethylhexylglycerin, Xanthan Gum, Menthol, Parfum (Fragrance), Limonene, Dehydroacetic Acid, Menthyl Lactate, ...
Water, Cyclopentasiloxane, Squalane, Glycerin, Pentylene Glycol, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Oil Unsaponifiables (Helianthus Annuus), C12 15 Alkyl Benzoate, Polysilicone 11, Sodium Dihydroxycetyl Phosphate, Amino Butyric Acid, Barium Sulfate (CI 77120), PEG 40 Stearate, Tocopheryl Acetate (Vitamin E), Ingredients below 1%: Hydroxyethyl Acrylate, Sodium Acryloyldimethyl Taurate Copolymer, Acrylates/C10 30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer, Butylene Glycol, Cholesterol, Carbomer, Hydrolyzed Rice Bran Protein, Phenoxyethanol, Centella Asiatica (Gotu Kola) Extract, Hydrolyzed Algin, Ginseng (Panax Ginseng) Root Extract, Polysorbate 60, Portulaca Oleracea Extract, Steareth 20, Tetrasodium EDTA, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide 7, Benzyl Alcohol, Chlorella Vulgaris Extract, Palmitoyl Oligopeptide, Polysorbate 20, Retinyl Acetate (Vitamin A), Sea Water, Sodium Hydroxide, Algin, Ceramide Complex 2, PEG 10 Rapeseed Sterol, Sodium ...
Deionized Water, Glycyeryl Stearate, Cetearyl Alcohol, Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate, Caprylic/Capric Triglycerides, Sweet Almond Extract (Prunus Amygdalus), Glycerin, Levulinic Acid, p-Anisic Acid, Olea Europaea (Olive) Fruit Oil, Stearic Acid, Pelargonium Graveolens Flower Oil, Cananga Odorata Flower Oil, Commiphora Myrrha Oil, Boswellia Carterii (Frankincense), Royal Hawaiian Sandalwood (Santalum paniculatum), Sandalwood Extract (Santalum Album), Phellodendron Amurense Bark Extract, Barley Extract (Hordeum Distichon), Sorbic Acid, Shea Butter, Sodium Hyaluronate, Allantoin, Xanthan Gum, Panthenol, Sodium PCA, Wolfberry (Lycium Barbarum) Seed Oil, Grapeseed Extract, St. Johns Wort Extract, Kelp Extract, Ginkgo Biloba Extract, Sodium Phytate, Tocopheryl Acetate, Retinyl Palmitate, Aloe Vera 200x (Aloe Barbadensis), Sodium Hydroxide, and Citric Acid 100% pure YLTG quality essential oil Formulated by D. Gary ...
Instructions for use: Apply to clean skin for an instant glow To remove, simply wash with warm water 100ml/3.4 fl.oz. Ingredients: Aqua (Water), Cichorium Intybus (Chicory) Root Extract*, Caramel*, Glycerin*, Vitis Vinifera (Grape) Seed Oil*, Methylpropanediol, Coco-Caprylate*, Isostearyl Isostearate*, Parfum (Fragrance), Arachidyl Alcohol*, Myristyl Alcohol*, Polyacrylate Crosspolymer-6, Glyceryl Caprylate*, Behenyl Alcohol*, Mica, Caprylyl Glycol, Hexyldecanol*, Hexyldecyl Laurate*, Myristyl Glucoside*, Arachidyl Glucoside*, Pentylene Glycol, Butylene Glycol, Ci 77491 (Iron Oxides), Tocopheryl Acetate*, Xanthan Gum, Inositol*, Ci 77499 (Iron Oxides), Phenylpropanol, Sodium Hydroxide, Carbomer, Sodium Phytate*, Gymnema Sylvestre Leaf Extract*, Lactic Acid, Sodium Lactate, Serine, Sorbitol*, Ci 77891 (Titanium Dioxide), Urea, Sodium Chloride, Allantoin*, Alpha-Isomethyl Ionone, Benzyl Salicylate, Linalool, ...
Aqua, Cyclopentasiloxane, Glycerin, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Pentylene Glycol, Squalane, Cetyl Alcohol, Aluminum Starch Octenylsuccinate, Dimethicone, PEG-100 Stearate, Glyceryl Stearate, Schizandra Chinensis Fruit Extract, Albizia Julibrissin Bark Extract, Palmitoyl Tripeptide-1, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7, Collagen, Glycine Soja Sterols, Algae Extract, Sodium Hyaluronate, Nelumbo Nucifera Flower Extract, Gluconolactone, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter, Dioscroea Villosa Root Extract, Ubiquinone (Coenzyme Q-10), Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer, Sodium Hydroxide, Sodium Benzoate, Butylene Glycol, Calcium Gluconate, Oleyl Alcohol, Phenoxyethanol, Disodium EDTA, Triethanolamine, Sodium Polyacrylate, Darutoside, Carbomer, Polysorbate 20, Citric Acid, Potassium Sorbate, Sodium Lactate ...
Aqua, Cyclopentasiloxane, Glycerin, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Pentylene Glycol, Squalane, Cetyl Alcohol, Aluminum Starch Octenylsuccinate, Dimethicone, PEG-100 Stearate, Glyceryl Stearate, Schizandra Chinensis Fruit Extract, Albizia Julibrissin Bark Extract, Palmitoyl Tripeptide-1, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7, Collagen, Glycine Soja Sterols, Algae Extract, Sodium Hyaluronate, Nelumbo Nucifera Flower Extract, Gluconolactone, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter, Dioscroea Villosa Root Extract, Ubiquinone (Coenzyme Q-10), Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer, Sodium Hydroxide, Sodium Benzoate, Butylene Glycol, Calcium Gluconate, Oleyl Alcohol, Phenoxyethanol, Disodium EDTA, Triethanolamine, Sodium Polyacrylate, Darutoside, Carbomer, Polysorbate 20, Citric Acid, Potassium Sorbate, Sodium Lactate ...
Dimethicone , Water , Polysilicone-11 , Alcohol Denat. , Acetyl Glucosamine , Peg-10 Dimethicone , Butylene Glycol , Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Extract , Sigesbeckia Orientalis (St. PaulS Wort) Extract , Salvia Sclarea (Clary) Extract , Sea Whip Extract , Laminaria Saccharina Extract , Caffeine , Pantethine , Hydrolyzed Soy Protein , Peg-11 Methyl Ether Dimethicone , Algae Extract , Polysorbate 20 , Salicylic Acid , Tetrahexyldecyl Ascorbate , Tocopheryl Acetate , Caprylyl Glycol , Sodium Hyaluronate , Glycerin , Lecithin , Isohexadecane , Di-C12-18 Alkyl Dimonium Chloride , Polysorbate 80 , Hydrogenated Lecithin , Polymethyl Methacrylate , Coconut Acid , Padina Pavonica Thallus Extract , Nordihydroguaiaretic Acid , Ammonium Acryloyldimethyltaurate/Vp Copolymer , Acrylamide/Sodium Acryloyldimethyltaurate Copolymer , Silica , Citric Acid , Hexylene Glycol , Ascorbyl Tocopheryl Maleate , Sodium Hydroxide , ...
08734 INGREDIENTS: AQUA (WATER) • GLYCERIN • MEL (HONEY) • PROPANEDIOL • ROYAL JELLY • PHENOXYETHANOL • GLYCERYL POLYMETHACRYLATE • HYDROXYETHYLCELLULOSE • CAPRYLIC/CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE • HYDROGENATED POLYISOBUTENE • PENTYLENE GLYCOL • PROPYLENE GLYCOL • METHYL GLUCETH-20 • PARFUM (FRAGRANCE) • CALCIUM ALGINATE • PEG-8 • ETHYLHEXYL METHOXYCINNAMATE • GELLAN GUM • TOCOPHERYL ACETATE • SYNTHETIC FLUORPHLOGOPITE • AMMONIUM ACRYLOYLDIMETHYLTAURATE/VP COPOLYMER • SODIUM POLYACRYLATE • CENTELLA ASIATICA LEAF EXTRACT • CI 77891 (TITANIUM DIOXIDE) • ADENOSINE • GLUCOSE • TETRASODIUM EDTA • BUTYL METHOXYDIBENZOYLMETHANE • BUTYLENE GLYCOL DICAPRYLATE/DICAPRATE • MALVA SYLVESTRIS (MALLOW) EXTRACT • TROMETHAMINE • FUCOSE • GLUTAMIC ACID • LIMONENE • SODIUM LACTATE • BENZYL SALICYLATE • SODIUM HYDROXIDE • CI 77491 (IRON OXIDES) • GERANIOL • SODIUM METABISULFITE • HYDROXYCITRONELLAL • BHT • ALPHA-ISOMETHYL IONONE • ...
Water , Glycerin , Butylene Glycol , Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter) , Squalane , Cetyl Esters , Dimethicone , Methyl Gluceth-20 , Polyethylene , Glycereth-26 , Polybutene , Sucrose , Magnolia Officinalis Bark Extract , Sigesbeckia Orientalis (St. PaulS Wort) Extract , Algae Extract , Molasses Extract/Saccharum Officinarum/Extrait De Melasse , Sapindus Mukurossi Fruit Extract , Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-7 , Whey Protein/Lactis Protein/Proteine Du Petit-Lait , Palmitoyl Hexapeptide-12 , Trifluoroacetyl Tripeptide-2 , Caffeine , Phytosphingosine , Acetyl Hexapeptide-8 , Palmitoyl Tripeptide-1 , Yeast Extract/Faex/Extrait De Levure , Glycine Soja (Soybean) Protein , Caesalpinia Spinosa Gum , Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer , Glyceryl Polymethacrylate , Sucrose Stearate , Caprylyl Glycol , Peg-8 , Sodium Hyaluronate , Simethicone , Polysorbate 20 , Carbomer , Sodium Hydroxide , Dextran , Hexylene Glycol , Sodium Citrate , ...
Kangen aqua, cocoamidopropyl betaina, decyl glucoside, coco glucoside, glycerin, lauryl glucoside, coco glucoside/glyceryl oleate, sodium pca, sodium lactate, arginine, alanine, isoleucine, aspartic acid, glycosyl ceramides, phospholipids, acrylate/ C 10- 30, panthenol, benzyl alcohol, benzoic acid, dehydroacetic acid, xanthan gum, acacia concina fruit extract , adansonia digitata (baobab) seed extract, melia azadirachta indica (Indian lilac) leaf extract, sapindus mukorossi (Indian soapberry) extract, althaea officinalis (marsh-mallow) root extract, urtica dioica(nettle)leaf extract, moringa oleifera herba extract, aquisetum arvense (horsetail) herba extract, pfaffia paniculata (Brazilian ginseng) root extract, callendula officinalis (marigold) flower extract, magnesium sulphate, pogostemon cablin (downoi) leaf oil, cananga odorata (ylang-ylang)flower oil, lactic acid, alkyl acrylate crosspolymer, cholesterol, sodium hydroxide, ...
Water, Prunus Armeniaca (Apricot) Kernel Oil, Cetearyl Alcohol, Ceteareth 20, Trimethyl Phenyl Silsesquioxane, Cetyl Ricinoleate, Squalane, Saccharide Isomerate, Algae Extract, Palmitoyl Tetrapeptide-5, Acetyl Tetrapeptide-Platinum, Yeast Extract, Lecithin, Ectoin, Cyclopeptide -5, Hexapeptide 11, Pinus Pinaster (Pine) Bark Extract, Triticum Vulgare (Wheat) Germ Extract, Foeniculum Vulgare (Fennel) Fruit Extract, Hydrolyzed Chondrus Crispus Extract, Sodium Hyaluronate, Glycerin, Pseudoalteromonas Ferment Extract, Proline, Alanine, Serine, Malus Domestica Fruit Cell Culture Extract, Panthenol, Honey, Ascorbyl Palmitate, Niacinamide, Ganoderma Lucidum, Mangifera Indica (Mango) Seed Butter, Behenyl Behenate, Cetearyl Alcohol, Polysorbate 60, Xanthan Gum, Sorbitol, Aminomethyl Propanol, Acrylates/C10-30 Alkyl Acrylate Crosspolymer, Ethanol, Glycereth-7 Trimethyl Ether, Diglycerin, Sodium Phosphate, Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Extract, Sodium ...
Active Ingredients: 13.5% Zinc Oxide (ZinClearâ„¢) Inactive Ingredients: Alcohol, Aleurites Moluccana Seed Oil, Aqua (Water), Behenyl Alcohol, Candelilla/Jojoba/Rice Bran Polyglyceryl-3 Esters, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Cetearyl Alcohol, Citric Acid, Ergothioneine (L), Ethyl Macadamiate, Glycerin, Glyceryl Isostearate, Glyceryl Stearate, Hamamelis Virginiana (Witch Hazel) Water, Hordeum Distichon (Barley) Extract, Hydrogenated Palm Glycerides, Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose, Hydroxypropyl Starch Phosphate, Isodecyl Neopentanoate, Lecithin, Lonicera Caprifolium (Honeysuckle) Flower Extract, Lonicera Japonica (Honeysuckle) Flower Extract, Macadamia Ternifolia Seed Oil, Malic Acid (L), Phellodendrom Amurense Bark Extract, Phytic Acid, Polyglyceryl-10 Pentastearate, Polyhydroxystearic Acid, Porphyra Umbilicalis (Red Algae) Extract, Potassium Cetyl Phosphate, Santalum Album (Sandalwood) Extract, Sodium Hydroxide, Sodium Lactate, Sodium ...
AQUA/WATER, CYCLOPENTASILOXANE, CETEARYL ALCOHOL, GLYCERIN, CAPRYLIC/CAPRIC TRIGLYCERIDE, HELIANTHUS ANNUUS (SUNFLOWER) SEED OIL, ORYZA SATIVA (RICE) EXTRACT, CENTELLA ASIATICA EXTRACT, PRUNUS AVIUM (SWEET CHERRY FRUIT) EXTRACT, UBIQUINONE, TOCOPHERYL ACETATE, PROPYLENE GLYCOL, ALLANTOIN, CARBOMER, CAPRYLYL GLYCOL, GLYCERYL STEARATE, CETEARETH-12, CETYL PALMITATE, CETEARETH-20, DIMETHICONE, ISOHEXADECANE, TOCOPHEROL, BUTYLENE GLYCOL, SODIUM METABISULFITE, POLYACRYLAMIDE, C13-14 ISOPARAFFIN, LAURETH-7, PARFUM/FRAGRANCE, BENZYL ALCOHOL, BENZYL SALICYLATE, CINNAMYL ALCOHOL, CITRAL, CITRONELLOL, COUMARIN, GERANIOL, HEXYL CINNAMAL, ISOEUGENOL, LINALOOL, BUTYLPHENYL METHYLPROPIONAL, ALPHA-ISOMETHYL IONONE, LIMONENE, PHENOXYETHANOL, POTASSIUM SORBATE, CITRIC ACID, SORBIC ACID, SODIUM CITRATE, SODIUM HYDROXIDE.. ...
Enlivening body scrub to buff and polish, neck to toe. Contains finely milled Pumice and Bamboo Stem to slough away tired cells and residual grime, polishing skin thoroughly and preparing it for hydration. Essential oils of Fir and Pine Needles, Sage Leaf and Clove impart a wonderfully fresh aroma. HOW TO USE: To maintain meticulously smooth skin, apply once or twice a week while showering; massage liberally onto damp skin, then rinse thoroughly. INGREDIENTS: Water (Aqua), Sodium Laureth Sulfate, Pumice, Acrylates Copolymer, Coco-Betaine, Phenoxyethanol, Polysorbate 20, Sodium Lauroamphoacetate, Bambusa Vulgaris (Bamboo) Stem Extract, Abies Sibirica Oil, Pinus Sylvestris Leaf Oil, Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary) Leaf Oil, Sodium Hydroxide, Ethylhexylglycerin, Cedrus Atlantica (Cedarwood) Bark Oil, Eugenia Caryophyllus (Clove) Flower Oil, Salvia Officinalis (Sage) Oil, Methylisothiazolinone, d-Limonene, Eugenol This ingredient list is ...
Aqua (Water), Glycerin, Brassica Campestris (Rapeseed) Seed Oil, Glyceryl Stearate SE, Magnesium Aluminium Silicate, Cetearyl Alcohol, Diheptyl Succinate, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter, Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Sweet Almond) Oil, Glyceryl Caprylate, Theobroma Cacao (Cocoa) Seed Butter, Gluconolactone, Parfum (Fragrance), Stearic Acid, Sodium Benzoate, Sclerocarya Birrea Seed Oil, Sodium Stearoyl Glutamate, Xanthan Gum, Sodium Hydroxide, Aspalathus Linearis Leaf Extract, Calcium Gluconate, Potassium Sorbate, Capryloyl Glycerin/Sebacic Acid Copolymer, Limonene, Eugenol, Linalool, Geraniol. ...
Aqua, Glyceryl Stearate SE, Glycerin, Cetearyl Alcohol, Candelilla/Jojoba/Rice Bran Polyglyceryl-3 Esters, Caprylic/Capric Triglyceride, Glyceryl Stearate, Parfum, Phenoxyethanol, Sodium Stearoyl Lactylate, Galactoarabanin, Caprylyl Glycol, Brassica Napus (Rapeseed) Extract, Cananga Odorata (Ylang Ylang) Flower Oil, Pelargonium Graveolens (Geranium) Oil, Acacia Dealbata (Mimosa) Absolute, Citrus Aurantium Bergamia (Bergamot) Fruit Oil, Pogostemon Cablin (Patchouli) Oil, Cedrus Atlantica (Cedarwood) Bark Oil, Rosa Damascena (Rose) Flower Absolute, Hibiscus Abelmoschus (Musk Mallow) Seed Oil, Citronellol, Linalool, Galataric Acid, Geraniol, Limonene, Benzyl Benzoate, Benzyl Salicylate, Sodium Hyaluronate, Sodium Hydroxide, Farnesol, Citral, Benzyl Alcohol, Eugenol, Isoeugenol ...
Based on Dry Weight at the Time of Impregnation) Glucose: 2.2% W/W Glucose Oxidase (Microbial 1.3 IU); 1.0% W/W Peroxidase (Horseradish 3300 IU); 8.1% W/W Potassium Iodide; 69.8% W/W Buffer; 18.9% W/W Nonreactive Ingredients. Bilirubin: 0.4% W/W 2, 4-Dichloroaniline Diazonium Salt; 37.3% W/W Buffer; 62.3% W/W Nonreactive Ingredients. Ketone: 7.1% W/W Sodium Nitroprusside; 92.9% W/W Buffer. Specific Gravity: 2.8% W/W Bromthymol Blue; 68.8% W/W Poly (Methyl Vinyl Ether/Maleic Anhydride); 28.4% W/W Sodium Hydroxide. Blood: 6.8% W/W Diisopropylbenzene Dihydroperoxide; 4.0% W/W 3, 3, 5, 5-Tetramethylbenzidine; 48.0% W/W Buffer; 41.2% W/W Nonreactive Ingredients. pH: 0.2% W/W Methyl Red; 2.8% W/W Bromthymol Blue; 97.0% W/W Nonreactive Ingredients. Protein: 0.3% W/W Tetrabromphenol Blue; 97.3% W/W Buffer; 2.4% W/W Nonreactive Ingredients. Urobilinogen: 0.2% W/W p-Diethylaminobenzaldehyde; 99.8% W/W Nonreactive Ingredients. Nitrite: 1.4% W/W p-Arsanilic Acid; 1.3% ...
Aqua (Water), Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice (1), Sorbitol, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil (1), Stearic Acid, Glycerin, Cetyl Alcohol, Dimethicone, Glyceryl Stearate SE , Camellia Sinensis Leaf Extract, Carica Papaya (Papaya) Fruit Extract, Coffea Arabica (Coffee) Seed Extract , Coronarium Root Extract, Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender) Extract, Macrocystis Pyrifera Extract, Aleurites Moluccana Seed Oil, Linum Usitatissimum (Linseed) Seed Oil, Macadamia Ternifolia Seed Oil, Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil (1), Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter), Theobroma Cacao (Cocoa) Seed Butter, Allantoin, Caffeine, Carbomer, Panthenol, Sodium Cocoyl Glutamate, Sodium Hydroxide, Sodium PCA, Tocopherol , Benzyl Alcohol, Ethylhexylglycerin, Phenoxyethanol, Benzyl Benzoate, Coumarin, Fragrance (Parfum). (1)Certified Organic Ingredient ...
Komposisi Sabun Fair n Pink:. Sucrose, Coconut (Cocos Nucifera) Oil, Aqua, Aloe Vera Leaf Extract, Green Tea Camellia, Stearic Acid, Glycerin Propylene Glycol, Niacinamide, Witch Hazel (Hamamelis Virginiana) Extract, , Charmomilla Recutitae Extract, Piper Betle (Leaf) Extract, Allantoin, Sodium Hydroxide, Sodium Lauryl Sulfate, TEA Tree (Melaleuca Alternifolia), Oil, BHT, Tetrasodium EDTA, Perfum, CI 77492. Untuk anda yang berminat silahkan hubungi kami segera, harga lebih ekonomis jaminan pasti sampai ke alamat anda garansi uang kembali apabila barang tidak sampai ke alamat anda.. ...
Komposisi Sabun Fair n Pink:. Sucrose, Coconut (Cocos Nucifera) Oil, Aqua, Aloe Vera Leaf Extract, Green Tea Camellia, Stearic Acid, Glycerin Propylene Glycol, Niacinamide, Witch Hazel (Hamamelis Virginiana) Extract, , Charmomilla Recutitae Extract, Piper Betle (Leaf) Extract, Allantoin, Sodium Hydroxide, Sodium Lauryl Sulfate, TEA Tree (Melaleuca Alternifolia), Oil, BHT, Tetrasodium EDTA, Perfum, CI 77492. Untuk anda yang berminat silahkan hubungi kami segera, harga lebih ekonomis jaminan pasti sampai ke alamat anda garansi uang kembali apabila barang tidak sampai ke alamat anda.. ...
ibu hamil boleh menggunakan cream perawatan wajah dengan kandungan sbg berikut: kandungan krim siang water stearic acid glycerine niacinamide ethylexyl methoxynnamate butylene glycol sorbitan strearate caprylic triglyceride methyl paraben perfume kandungan krim malam zinc oxide propylene glycol chlorphenesin zea mays starch crocus sativus flower ekstrak glucose dimethicone crosspolymer disodium edta hydroxypropyl panax ginseng root extract lycopene kandungan sabun (normal) cocos nucifera oil aqua oryza sativa bran milk sodium chloride elaeis guineensis oil sodium hydroxide fragrance yogurt metyl paraben apaakah ini bole saya gunakan kandungan saya berusia 3 bulan
Ingredients: Water (Eau)‚ Cocamidopropyl Hydroxysultaine‚ Sodium Cocoyl Isethionate‚ Disodium Cocoamphodiacetate‚ Lauryl Glucoside‚ Glycerin‚ Panthenol‚ Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil‚ Borago Officinalis (Borage/bourrache) Seed Oil‚ Tocopherol‚ Ascorbic Acid‚ Achillea Millefolium (Yarrow/achillée millefeuille) Extract‚ Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria/camomille) Flower Extract‚ Lavandula Angustifolia (Lavender/lavande) Flower Extract‚ Rosmarinus Officinalis (Rosemary/romarin) Leaf Extract‚ Salvia Officinalis (Sage/sauge) Leaf Extract‚ Urtica Dioica (Nettle/ortie) Extract‚ Prunus Serotina (Wild Cherry/cerisier noir) Bark Extract‚ Thymus Vulgaris (Thyme/thym) Leaf Extract‚ Ascorbyl Palmitate‚ Guar Hydroxypropyltrimonium Chloride‚ Leuconostoc/Radish Root Ferment Filtrate‚ Polysorbate 20‚ Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose‚ Sodium Hydroxide‚ Glyceryl Undecylenate‚ Phenoxyethanol‚ Citric Acid‚ Fragrance ...
Purpose : To investigate if topically applied mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) promote corneal wound repair in a rat alkali burn model Methods : EVs were isolated from media conditioned by human bone marrow-derived MSCs (n=4) using a series of centrifugation, filtration and ultracentrifugation steps followed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and nanoparticle tracking analysis (NTA; NanoSight) quality control. Pro-healing effects of hMSC-derived EVs (hMSC-EV) were examined in vitro by cell migration and scratch wound healing assays using human corneal epithelial (HCE) and endothelial (HCEC) cell lines. Human cornea wound healing rate was also determined ex vivo using fluorescein penetration test. Rat corneal alkali burn injury was induced using 1M NaOH and injury was treated with or without 30mg of hMSC-EVs. Efficacy of treatment was monitored by biomicroscopy and optical coherence tomography (OCT) followed by extensive tissue analysis at the end of the ...
In order to correlate the number of eggs in female Enterobius vermicularis with their body length and to re-evaluate the number of eggs liberated by gravid females, a total of 203 worms were examined. Those females were removed from naturally infected orphans with mebendazole (100 mg) and had been fixed in 10 percent formalin(Cho et al., 1981). The decent ones which were selected under dissecting microscope were unbroken, neatly fixed females without contaminated eggs on their surface. The worms were measured by their body length, softened in 0.1N NaOH solution overnight, and teased by dissecting needles. And their number of shelled eggs was measured in a counting chamber made as described by Denham et al. (1971). The results were summarized as follows: The observed females, 4.10-9.90 mm long, began to have shelled eggs in uterus when body length was 5.50 mm or longer. The percentage of females with eggs in uterus was as follows by range of body length: 25 percent in 5.50-5.99 mm long, 53.3 ...
The purpose of the study is to test the investigational drug Gamunex-C on the growth of blood vessels over the cornea. This study is being conducted by Dr. Balamurali Ambati at the Moran Eye Center at the University of Utah.. The cornea is the clear outer front part of the eye. In corneal neovascularization, blood vessels grow over the cornea. Corneal neovascularization and ocular anterior segment inflammations are sight-threatening conditions. Lipid deposition and edema with subsequent scar formation can compromise corneal clarity irreversibly. Corneal neovascularization is also a well recognized risk factor for corneal graft failure. In its natural state, the cornea is a site of immune privilege well suited to tissue transplantation. Once vascularized, there is direct exposure of corneal antigens to circulating host immune mechanisms greatly increasing the chance of rejection [Collaborative Corneal Transplantation Study].. Melting or inflammation in the anterior chamber, cornea, or ocular ...
TAPIA, C. et al. EFFECT OF THE REACTION CONDITIONS OVER THE YIELD AND PROPERTIES OF METHYLCELLULOSE OBTAINED FROM PINUS RADIATA KRAFT BLEACHED CELLULOSE. Bol. Soc. Chil. Quím. [online]. 2002, vol.47, n.3, pp.289-297. ISSN 0366-1644. http://dx.doi.org/10.4067/S0366-16442002000300013.. Kraft bleached cellulose from Pinus radiata was submitted to methylation reactions in heterogeneous media. After activation with 29% (w/w) NaOH solution, methylation reactions were carried out both with dimethyl sulfate (DMS) and methyl iodide (MI). The effects of the pressing ratio, reaction time and type of methylation agent were studied. The better yields were obtained with dimethylsulphate and the pressing ratio and reaction time were not signficant over the yield. Methylcellulose (MC) of high degree of substitution was extracted with water and the MC of low degree of substitution was extracted with 8%w/w NaOH. Some of the MCs obtained were characterized by viscosity average molecular weight, thermal behavior, ...
A method for treating the surface of an absorbent resin which comprises mixing (I) 100 parts by weight of an absorbent resin powder having a carboxyl group, (II) 0.01 to 30 parts by weight of a polyhydric alcohol, (III) 0 to 50 parts by weight of water and (IV) 0 to 60 parts by weight of a hydrophilic organic solvent, and heat-treating at a temperature in the range of 90 to 250 C. to treat the surface of said absorbent resin powder (I) until the reaction of said absorbent resin powder (I) with said polyhydric alcohol (II) is completed, wherein the time for completion of the reaction is the time that satisfies the following equation (a-1): 30≦(100+C)B/A≦80 (a-1) wherein A is absorption capacity of said absorbent resin powder (I) for physiological saline solution, B is the absorption capacity of the resultant treated absorbent resin for physiological saline solution, and C is parts by weight of said polyhydric alcohol (II) used per 100 parts by weight of said absorbent resin powder (I).
Abstract: : Purpose: Regenerating Agent (RGTA) are heparan sulfate mimetics, that are known to stimulate tissue repair and reduce fibrosis wound healing in several models. We evaluated their activity in the cornea in vivo and in vitro. Methods: We assessed the effect of topical application of RGTA on corneal wound healing after alkali burn injury in C57BL6 mice. Slit-lamp examination, with fluorescein staining was performed on a daily basis after 1 N NaOH corneal injury. Epithelial defect, corneal opacity, and neovascularization were evaluated in a masked fashion. Corneal tissue sections were evaluated for inflammatory cell infiltration. In Vitro, cultured corneal epithelial cells were treated with RGTA or PBS as control to assess the effect of epithelial cell migration. Results: RGTA treated mice showed decreased corneal opacity as compared with non-treated group. Histological evaluation for inflammatory cell infiltration did not show any difference between both groups on days 3 after injury. ...
Absorbent articles such as disposable diapers, incontinent pads, sanitary napkins and the like that have multiple layer absorbent cores that are suitable for acquiring and containing liquids in an especially effective and efficient manner. The absorbent core comprises multiple layers including a first layer comprising hydrophilic fibrous material and having an acquisition zone of a relatively lower average density than the other portions of the first layer so that it quickly acquires discharged liquids; a liquid handling layer comprising a resilient material that is moisture insensitive so as to rapidly acquire liquid into itself through the acquisition zone and distribute the liquid throughout the liquid handling layer to a storage layer and the first layer; and a storage layer comprising a combination of fibrous material and discrete particles of absorbent gelling material that contains and stores the liquids deposited onto the absorbent core and allows the liquid handling layer to be drained of the
A wound dressing and delivery system comprising carrier frame that overlaps a heavy absorbent pad on a thin backing of the wound dressing (with the backing sandwiched between the pad and carrier frame) so that the carrier frame and absorbent pad support (e.g., rigidify) the backing to facilitate handling. The carrier frame also has a window over the absorbent pad. Adhesive is provided one major surface of the backing, and the absorbent pad is provided on this major surface. The carrier frame is provided on the opposite major surface to the absorbent pad. The backing is preferably a very thin transparent or translucent elastic polymeric film, and the absorbent pad is relative thick, heavy and stiff and preferably includes hydrocolloid or hydrogel materials. Slits may be provided in the carrier frame to permit one of more portions of the frame to be removed from the backing without removing the entire frame from the backing.
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TY - GEN. T1 - RADIOTRACER STUDY OF ADSORPTION OF IONS AND ORGANIC SPECIES ON GOLD, SILVER AND COPPER ELECTRODES.. AU - Horányi, G.. AU - Joó, P.. PY - 1984. Y1 - 1984. N2 - Adsorption of C1** minus , HSO** minus //4 and H//2PO** minus //4 ions on electrodes formed by electrodeposition of silver on thin silver or gold layer has been studied in acidic medium (mostly in 1 mol dm** minus **3 HC10//4). Potential dependence of the adsorption has been determined at low concentration of these species (c less than 10** minus **3 mol dm** minus **3). It is shown that the onset of the anodic dissolution of silver is preceded by a significant adsorption of the anions. Potential dependence of the adsorption of labelled Ca**2** plus ions was studied in alkaline medium (0. 1-1. 0 mol dm** minus **3 NaOH) at low Ca**2** plus ion concentrations. It is found that a significant adsorption occurs at low potentials where the formation of surface oxides cannot be assumed only the electrosorption of OH** minus ions ...
A disposable absorbent article includes two laterally opposing longitudinally extending barrier cuff strips attached to an interior surface of an absorbent assembly in laterally opposing attachment zones. Each barrier cuff strip may include a water-impermeable layer and may be extensible. A longitudinally extending elastic gathering member is attached to each barrier cuff strip adjacent to its proximal edge. When the article is worn, the elastic gathering members contract and raise the barrier cuff strips to form side barriers. The absorbent assembly includes an absorbent core that may contain superabsorbent particles, which may be contained inside pockets. A portion of the absorbent assembly such as the portion that lies between the barrier cuff strip attachment zones may be extensible and may include a water-impermeable layer. The laterally opposing attachment zones may act as dams preventing a lateral flow of liquid bodily waste.
Tianjin FTBaoTian Science & Technology Co.,Ltd is a Formaldehyde Absorbent test box Manufacturer & Supplier. We can provide complete details about Formaldehyde Absorbent test box, Formaldehyde Absorbent,Air purifier,Air purifiy,Air clearing,Home Formaldehyde Absorbent.
If you are a bodybuilder or really any kind of athlete you have probably heard the word "Stanozolol" bandied about. This is because it is one of the most well-known steroids in the world. It has been used by athletes ever since it was first invented in the 1960s.. If you are interested, you can buy Stanozolol just about anywhere on the internet. It is offered legally in many different countries in websites online. If you want to buy Stanozolol - Stanozolol for sale there are some things that you should know first.. Its safe for women. Most steroids are associated with the increased amount of testosterone in the body. This causes them to have severe side effects for the women that take it. This isnt true with Stanozolol. The drug is one of the only steroids that have almost no side effects on women. Any woman bodybuilder should consider including it in their bulking or cutting cycles.. Stanozolol is mild overall regardless of the sex of the person taking it. This is especially when it is ...
Lookup HS Codes for Jordan vi 28.15.20 Potassium hydroxide (caustic Potasa). Avalara LandedCosts helps determine your duty rates and other import taxes for Jordan.
Each of these classes of disinfectants is discussed briefly here and shown in Table 4.. Commonly used general disinfectants, such as phenolics and quaternary ammonium compounds, are very effective antibacterials but have limited effectiveness against category B and C viruses; they are therefore not included in Table 4.. Products effective for decontamination of viruses on the hands and the skin are limited. Virkon® is reported to have low toxicity and to be effective against members of all 17 virus families but it has not been approved for use on skin. Alternatively, citric acid or sodium carbonate may be added to washing water to induce antiviral conditions by lowering or raising the pH as appropriate for the agent to be inactivated.. Soaps and detergents. Soaps and detergents are essential components of cleaning procedures prior to many of the decontamination procedures described here. In most cases, the primary aim is the removal of organic material, dirt or grease from surfaces to be ...
An absorbent article such as a diaper or a sanitary napkin is made up of a facing sheet, an absorbent pad means, and a moisture-impervious backing sheet. The absorbent pad means comprises a fibrous structure having an intermediate densified layer and a layer of highly porous, loosely compacted batt on both sides of the densified layer. The batt layer between the densified fibrous layer and the moisture-impervious backing sheet contains distributed therein a particulate, water-insoluble but water-swellable polymeric absorbent.
Looking for absorbent gauze? Find out information about absorbent gauze. 1. a. a transparent cloth of loose plain or leno weave b. : a gauze veil 2. a surgical dressing of muslin or similar material 3. a fine mist or haze a... Explanation of absorbent gauze

Patent US6403738 - Polymerization of olefins - Google PatentsPatent US6403738 - Polymerization of olefins - Google Patents

Sodium chloride was removed by filtration and rinsed well with THF. The solvent was removed under vacuum and the remaining ... and methylene chloride (20 mL). Sodium hydroxide (400 μL, 25 M) and water (500 μL) were added via syringe. The reaction was ... The aqueous layer was extracted with methylene chloride (3 10 mL) and the organic layers were combined and dried over MgSO4. ... sodium chloride was removed via filtration, and the solvent was removed in vacuo to give 201 mg (81.4%) of a yellow powder: 1H ...
more infohttp://www.google.com/patents/US6403738?dq=6008737

Patent US4242514 - Method for the introduction of a methyl group into the 7 position of the ... - Google PatentsPatent US4242514 - Method for the introduction of a methyl group into the 7 position of the ... - Google Patents

Aqueous solutions of ammonium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide may be utilized in this step; the use of ... Methylene chloride is preferred because of the good solubility of the starting materials in this solvent at room temperature ... The aqueous phase is adjusted to pH 10 to 13 by use of an inorganic base such as sodium or potassium hydroxide and the organic ... The aqueous phase was extracted twice with methylene chloride and the combined organic phases dried and evaporated to give a ...
more infohttp://www.google.co.uk/patents/US4242514

Patente US5489721 - Alpha-olefin polymers - Google PatentesPatente US5489721 - Alpha-olefin polymers - Google Patentes

The catalyst was neutralized by adding a 22% by weight aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. After the neutralization, the aqueous ... The solvents include such materials as methyl chloride, ethyl chloride, or propyl chloride or other mono- or poly-halogenated ... The catalyst was neutralized by adding a 22% by weight aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. After the neutralization, the aqueous ... the catalyst system may be deactivated through the use of water and/or aqueous sodium hydroxide, ammonia or calcium hydroxide. ...
more infohttp://www.google.es/patents/US5489721?dq=flatulence

Patent US5981140 - Positive photosensitive composition - Google PatentsPatent US5981140 - Positive photosensitive composition - Google Patents

Thereto was added an aqueous solution consisting of 7.7 g (0.19 mol) of sodium hydroxide and 50 ml of water. This mixture was ... An aqueous solution prepared by diluting 33.2 g of a 45% aqueous solution of triphenylsulfonium chloride with 300 mL of ... a small amount of sodium hydroxide was added, and the resultant mixture was filtered. The solvent was removed from the filtrate ... sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, sodium silicate, sodium metasilicate, or ammonia water, a primary ...
more infohttp://www.google.com/patents/US5981140?dq=3798359

Patent US7098371 - Method of hydrodechlorinating nuclear-chlorinated ortho-xylenes - Google PatentsPatent US7098371 - Method of hydrodechlorinating nuclear-chlorinated ortho-xylenes - Google Patents

... forming hydrogen chloride, the nuclear-chlorinated o-xylenes being hydrogenated in the gas phase at a noble-metal-containing ... 2-dimethylbenzene using palladium on carbon in aqueous sodium hydroxide solution at 110 C. and 4 bar hydrogen pressure, in ... The chlorides produced have to be separated off and disposed of, and the solvent if appropriate recovered. This also applies to ... 5,177,268) generally proceed at temperatures around 100 C. at a hydrogen overpressure, frequently using a solvent, and ...
more infohttp://www.google.co.uk/patents/US7098371

Patent US6391522 - Offset printing plate precursor and method for offset printing using the same - Google PatentsPatent US6391522 - Offset printing plate precursor and method for offset printing using the same - Google Patents

... an aqueous sodium salt solution such as sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, or sodium sulfate, an aqueous ... solvent naphtha, or normal hexane, and a method using a chlorine solvent such as trichloroethylene, methylene chloride, ... Alkali decreasing methods include a method using an aqueous sodium salt solution such as sodium hydroxide, sodium carbonate, ... sodium bicarbonate, or sodium sulfate, a method using an aqueous silicate solution such as sodium orthosilicate, sodium ...
more infohttp://www.google.ca/patents/US6391522

Patente US4086310 - Process for manufacturing thin, non-porous gas permeable polycarbonate films - Google PatentesPatente US4086310 - Process for manufacturing thin, non-porous gas permeable polycarbonate films - Google Patentes

... the solvent for the polycarbonate. The solvent is then evaporated, and the resultant film removed. The films are useful for the ... Solutions of polycarbonates in concentrations of less than 5 parts solids per 100 parts solvent are applied to the surface of ... For example, the bisphenols are dissolved in aqueous alkali, preferably in sodium hydroxide solution or potassium hydroxide ... The aqueous phase is free of bisphenol. The organic phase is diluted with methylene chloride and is then washed twice with 5% ...
more infohttp://www.google.es/patents/US4086310

Methods for detecting and treating cancer - The General Hospital CorporationMethods for detecting and treating cancer - The General Hospital Corporation

... sodium hydroxide or a suitable buffer, 1,3-butanediol, Ringers solution, and isotonic sodium chloride solution and dextrose ... The aqueous formulation may also contain one or more preservatives (e.g., methyl, ethyl or n-propyl p-hydroxybenzoate). In ... Among acceptable vehicles and solvents that may be employed are water, water adjusted to a suitable pH by addition of an ... sodium chloride, lactose, calcium phosphate, calcium sulfate, or sodium phosphate); granulating and disintegrating agents (e.g ...
more infohttp://www.freepatentsonline.com/9885720.html

1-acylpiperidine compounds - Ciba-Geigy Corp.1-acylpiperidine compounds - Ciba-Geigy Corp.

3.5-dimethylbenzamide and 100 mg of benzyltributylammonium chloride in 15 ml of 50% strength aqueous sodium hydroxide solution ... or in the presence of a di-light-metal hydride such as sodium borohydride or sodium cyanoborohydride, preferably in a solvent ... The dioxane is then removed in vacuo, the aqueous phase is adjusted to about pH 8 with 30% strength sodium hydroxide solution ... The residue is partitioned between 1N sodium hydroxide solution and ether, the organic phase is separated off, the aqueous ...
more infohttp://www.freepatentsonline.com/5310743.html

Stripping Organic Coatings |


        Products FinishingStripping Organic Coatings | Products Finishing

Corrosive alkaline strippers are generally aqueous solutions of potassium or sodium hydroxide that operate at a pH of 13.0 or ... Solvent strippers can contain methylene chloride, cresols and flammable hydrocarbons. Used at room temperature, they are ... Used at or near room temperature, and below the boiling point of the solvents, they are nearly as slow-acting as the solvent ... Chemical stripping methods use corrosives, solvents and combinations of corrosives and solvents. ...
more infohttps://www.pfonline.com/articles/stripping-organic-coatings

Sodium HydroxideSodium Hydroxide

This involves the electrolysis of an aqueous solution of sodium chloride. The sodium hydroxide builds up at the cathode, where ... However, the limited solubility of NaOH in organic solvents means that the more soluble KOH is often preferred. Manufacture. In ... Sodium hydroxide is completely ionic, containing sodium cations and hydroxide anions. The hydroxide anion makes sodium ... and therefore sodium hydroxide can be used to precipitate metal hydroxides. One such hydroxide is aluminium hydroxide, used as ...
more infohttp://www.vias.org/genchem/inorgcomp_sodiumhydroxide.html

Phospholipase A1, process for its preparation and the use thereof - Patent # 5378623 - PatentGeniusPhospholipase A1, process for its preparation and the use thereof - Patent # 5378623 - PatentGenius

... and at about 10.5 or less when in a 33 mM aqueous glycine/sodium chloride--sodium hydroxide buffer solution (seeFIG. 4, ... Any suitable such solvent may be used, but we generally prefer that the solvent is an ether, such as diethyl ether or dioxane; ... the buffer was an aqueous glycine/sodium chloride - sodium hydroxide solution.. Similarly, in FIG. 5, the stability of the ... the buffer was an aqueous glycine/sodium chloride--sodium hydroxide solution.. DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION. The ...
more infohttp://www.patentgenius.com/patent/5378623.html

US4748252A - Substituted 1,3,4,9-tetrahydropyrano[3,4-b]indole-1-acetic acids 
        - Google PatentsUS4748252A - Substituted 1,3,4,9-tetrahydropyrano[3,4-b]indole-1-acetic acids - Google Patents

After washing with methylene chloride, the aqueous phase was basified with 20% sodium hydroxide. The precipitated product, α- ... The solvent was concentrated in vacuo to provide 2.2 g of crude solid, which was recrystallized from hot EtOAc-hexane to yield ... solution of sodium hydroxide and heated at reflux for 2 hours under nitrogen. The reaction mixture was then cooled and ... The two layers were separated and the aqueous layer was then extracted with methylene chloride (2×100 mL), dried over magnesium ...
more infohttps://patents.google.com/patent/US4748252A/en

Simple Accordion with CSS & jQuery by Soh TanakaSimple Accordion with CSS & jQuery by Soh Tanaka

The ether layer is discarded and the acidic aqueous layer is neutralized with cold (0-5°C) aqueous 25% sodium hydroxide until ... Removal of the solvent on a rotary evaporator gives a cloudy yellow oil, which is dissolved in 100 mL of 60% ethanol. To this ... To this solution was added 150 mg of 1-naphthoyl chloride (Aldrich Chemical Company, Inc.) and the reaction mixture was stirred ... sodium hydroxide, extracted with dichloromethane, dried over sodium sulfate, and distilled, bulb-to-bulb at 0.01 mm (58-60°C, ...
more infohttp://www.orgsyn.org/demo.aspx?prep=cv8p0573

US Patent # 6,451,836. Method of inhibiting liver glycogen phosphorylase with 2-alkylpyrrolidines - Patents.comUS Patent # 6,451,836. Method of inhibiting liver glycogen phosphorylase with 2-alkylpyrrolidines - Patents.com

The water phase adjusted to pH 11 with 2 N sodium hydroxide and extracted with methylene chloride (2.times.100 ml) and with ... After evaporation of the solvent in vacuo the compound was purified on silica gel (Eluent: 2-propanol/25% ammonium hydroxide (4 ... The residue was partitioned between aqueous hydrochloric acid and methylene chloride. ... The residue was dissolved in a mixture of ethyl acetate (25 ml) and 1 N sodium hydroxide (25 ml). The organic phase was ...
more infohttp://patents.com/us-6451836.html

US5338641A - Positive-working radiation-sensitive mixture and copying material produced therefrom comprising an α,α-bis...US5338641A - Positive-working radiation-sensitive mixture and copying material produced therefrom comprising an α,α-bis...

... a water-insoluble binder which is soluble or at least swellable in aqueous alkaline solutions. The radiation-sensitive mixture ... The residue is taken up in methylene chloride and extracted twice with 100 pbw of 5%-strength aqueous sodium hydroxide solution ... After evaporating the solvent, an oil is left behind which is filtered through a silicic acid with methylene chloride as ... The copying material was developed with a 0.02N aqueous solution of tetramethyl ammonium hydroxide, the exposed regions being ...
more infohttps://patents.google.com/patent/US5338641A/en

Toxicity of PEG-Coated CoFe2O4 Nanoparticles with Treatment Effect of Curcumin | Springer for Research & DevelopmentToxicity of PEG-Coated CoFe2O4 Nanoparticles with Treatment Effect of Curcumin | Springer for Research & Development

... nitrate and cobalt chloride was dissolved in deionized water and then mixed with aqueous solutions of PEG and sodium hydroxide ... NaOH). Double-distilled deionized water was used as the solvent to avoid the presence of any impurities in the final ... Radiolabeling of PEG-coated CoFe2O4 nanoparticles was performed with 99mTc using stannous chloride (SnCl2) as the reducing ... O3 ceramics as microwave dielectrics through alkoxide-hydroxide route. J Mater Res 7:791CrossRefGoogle Scholar ...
more infohttps://rd.springer.com/article/10.1186/s11671-018-2468-7

Patent US4340535 - Cytotoxic products formed by covalent bonding of the A chain of ricin with ... - Google PatentsPatent US4340535 - Cytotoxic products formed by covalent bonding of the A chain of ricin with ... - Google Patents

This powder is suspended in 3,400 ml of a 0.14 M solution of sodium chloride, cooled to 4 C., and the pH of the suspension is ... 50 ml of water are added and the pH is brought to 4.5 by adding 1 N sodium hydroxide solution. The organic phase is separated ... It is purified by dissolution in 16.8 ml of a 0.5 M aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate. Activated charcoal is added, the ... The solvents are evaporated to dryness under high vacuum.. The product obtained, which is light yellow and of pasty consistence ...
more infohttp://www.google.com.au/patents/US4340535

Anti-neoplastic, anti-viral or anti-retroviral spermine derivatives - Patent # 5455277 - PatentGeniusAnti-neoplastic, anti-viral or anti-retroviral spermine derivatives - Patent # 5455277 - PatentGenius

The sulfonating agent is added in methylene chloride to an aqueous solution of the amine and sodium hydroxide and thereaction ... as the sulfonating agent in a biphasic solvent system consisting of an organic solvent, e.g., methylene chloride and water. ... The reaction is best accomplished using aqueous sodium hydroxide as the base and p-toluenesulfonyl chloride(TsCl) ... Sodium chloride or glycerin may be used to render a formulation isotonic with the blood. If desired,the formulation may be ...
more infohttp://www.patentgenius.com/patent/5455277.html

Sodium - New World EncyclopediaSodium - New World Encyclopedia

The carbonate, chloride, and hydroxide of sodium are important industrial chemicals, used in the manufacture of glass, pulp and ... Caustic soda is produced by the electrolysis of an aqueous solution of sodium chloride. It builds up at the cathode, where ... It also dissolves in other polar solvents such as ethanol and methanol, but it is insoluble in nonpolar solvents such as ... Sodium hydroxide is an ionic compound, made up of sodium ions and hydroxide ions. The hydroxide ion makes sodium hydroxide a ...
more infohttp://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Sodium

FLUORINATED IONOMER PRODUCED BY AQUEOUS POLYMERIZATION USING DISPERSED PARTICULATE OF FLUORINATED IONOMER - E. I. DU PONT DE...FLUORINATED IONOMER PRODUCED BY AQUEOUS POLYMERIZATION USING DISPERSED PARTICULATE OF FLUORINATED IONOMER - E. I. DU PONT DE...

... in an aqueous polymerization medium and polymerizing at least one fluorinated monomer having an ionic group in the aqueous ... polymerization medium in the presence of the dispersed particulate of fluorinated ionomer and initiator to form the aqueous ... A process for making an aqueous dispersion of fluorinated ionomer particles by providing dispersed particulate of fluorinated ... One industrial application is the chloralkali process for the electrolysis of sodium chloride to produce sodium hydroxide and ...
more infohttp://www.sumobrain.com/patents/wipo/Fluorinated-ionomer-produced-by-aqueous/WO2010075495A1.html

Application # 2017/0049777. COMPOSITIONS, METHODS AND USES FOR THE TREATMENT OF DIABETIC NEUROPATHIES - Patents.comApplication # 2017/0049777. COMPOSITIONS, METHODS AND USES FOR THE TREATMENT OF DIABETIC NEUROPATHIES - Patents.com

... sodium hydroxide or a suitable buffer, 1,3-butanediol, Ringers solution, and isotonic sodium chloride solution. The aqueous ... Among acceptable vehicles and solvents that may be employed are water, water adjusted to a suitable pH by addition of an ... sodium chloride, calcium phosphate, calcium sulfate, or sodium phosphate); granulating and disintegrating agents (e.g., ... Suitable suspending agents are, for example, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, methylcellulose, sodium alginate, and the like. ...
more infohttp://patents.com/us-20170049777.html

Global Sodium Hydrosulfide Market Size, Share, Growth Drivers, Market Trends, Statistics and Forecast | Dec 1, 2017 -...Global Sodium Hydrosulfide Market Size, Share, Growth Drivers, Market Trends, Statistics and Forecast | Dec 1, 2017 -...

Sodium hydrosulfide is a compound that is formed by neutralizing hydrogen sulfide with sodium hydroxide. Sodium hydrosulfide is ... Sodium hydrosulfide in its crystalline form undergoes two phase transitions. Sodium hydrosulfide adopts sodium chloride ... Sodium hydrosulfide is solid in nature; however, it is often used as an aqueous solution. Solid sodium hydrosulfide is highly ... In contrast, to that of sodium sulfide, which is insoluble in organic solvents sodium hydrosulfide, is highly soluble in ...
more infohttp://www.sbwire.com/press-releases/global-sodium-hydrosulfide-market-size-share-growth-drivers-market-trends-statistics-and-forecast-898743.htm

High field gradient targeting of magnetic nanoparticle-loaded endothelial cells to the surfaces of steel stents | PNASHigh field gradient targeting of magnetic nanoparticle-loaded endothelial cells to the surfaces of steel stents | PNAS

... by alkaline precipitation with aqueous sodium hydroxide was magnetically separated, resuspended in 2 ml of ethanol, and coated ... The organic phase was emulsified in an aqueous albumin solution (1%) by sonication in an ice bath, followed by organic solvent ... Magnetite prepared from ferric and ferrous chloride (300 and 150 mg, respectively) ... Polylactide MNPs were prepared by a modified emulsification-solvent evaporation methodology (10) with the incorporation of ...
more infohttp://www.pnas.org/content/105/2/698
  • A typical synthesis is for benzalkonium chloride from a long-chain alkyldimethylamine and benzyl chloride: CH3(CH2)nN(CH3)2 + ClCH2C6H5 → [CH3(CH2)nN(CH3)2CH2C6HCl− Quaternary ammonium cations are unreactive toward even strong electrophiles, oxidants, and acids. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1. A method for the introduction of a methyl group into the 7-position of the morphinan nucleus which method comprises reacting, in an inert solvent under an inert atmosphere, thebaine with lithium dimethyl cuprate for a time sufficient to form 3,6-dimethoxy-7β,17-dimethyl-4-hydroxy-5,6,8,14-tetrahydromorphinane. (google.co.uk)
  • Solutions of polycarbonates in concentrations of less than 5 parts solids per 100 parts solvent are applied to the surface of liquids immiscible, or sparingly miscible with, the solvent for the polycarbonate. (google.es)
  • Such catalysts accelerate reactions between reagents dissolved in immiscible solvents. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sodium hydrosulfide in its crystalline form undergoes two phase transitions. (sbwire.com)
  • 2. The process of claim 1 wherein the amount of said dispersion particulate of fluorinated ionomer provided in said aqueous polymerization medium comprises less than about 15 wt% of said fluorinated ionomer solids produced in said aqueous dispersion. (sumobrain.com)
  • Method of hydrodechlorinating nuclear-chlorinated o-xylenes and recovering o-xylene, forming hydrogen chloride, the nuclear-chlorinated o-xylenes being hydrogenated in the gas phase at a noble-metal-containing catalyst at a temperature in the range from 220 to 360 C. The catalyst preferably comprises. (google.co.uk)
  • 22. A process for preparing a polymer comprising contacting at least one alpha-olefin with a catalyst system comprising a secondary organo halide and a Lewis acid catalyst in the presence of a halogenated aprotic solvent at a temperature of about -15 C. to about 25 C. (google.es)
  • However, corrosive strippers are used hot, at elevated temperatures of 80-100°C. On the other hand, solvent strippers are used cold, at or near room temperature. (pfonline.com)
  • Since solvent strippers are used at or near room temperature, they are slower-acting than the hot corrosive chemicals. (pfonline.com)
  • Used at or near room temperature, and below the boiling point of the solvents, they are nearly as slow-acting as the solvent strippers. (pfonline.com)
  • C., which has a molecular weight of between about 30,000 and 40,000 daltons, as determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, which has pI under isoelectric point electrophoresis at about pH 2.8 to about pH 4.5, which has an optimum temperature for activity of from pH 3.2 to about pH 5.5, and which has an optimum temperature for activity of from about 30.degree. (patentgenius.com)
  • Sodium hydrosulfide adopts sodium chloride structure at temperature above 300K. (sbwire.com)
  • However, sodium hydrosulfide is more stable in solutions as they get slowly oxidized in air. (sbwire.com)
  • 9. The process of claim 3 wherein the aluminum halide is aluminum chloride. (google.es)
  • 1. A process for preparing a liquid polymer comprising contacting at least one alpha-olefin with a catalyst system comprising at least one secondary organo halide and a Lewis acid catalyst in the presence of a halogenated solvent under polymerization conditions thereby obtaining the liquid polymer. (google.es)
  • 11. A process for preparing an alpha-olefin copolymer comprising contacting at least two alpha-olefins with a catalyst system comprising a secondary organo halide and a Lewis acid catalyst under polymerization conditions employing a halogenated solvent thereby obtaining the alpha-olefin copolymer. (google.es)
  • Chemical stripping methods use corrosives, solvents and combinations of corrosives and solvents. (pfonline.com)
  • Flasks and glass-lined chemical reactors are damaged by long exposure to hot sodium hydroxide, and the glass becomes frosted. (vias.org)
  • Chemical Products, Cartersville, Ga. and Tessenderlo Kerley, Artesia, N.M. are expected to be the key participants of the sodium hydrosulfide market. (sbwire.com)
  • The company's manufacturing sodium hydrosulfide strives to achieve competitive advantage by manufacturing highly pure chemical. (sbwire.com)
  • All four polymorphs have a chemical composition of aluminium trihydroxide (an aluminium atom attached to three hydroxide groups). (wikipedia.org)
  • Aluminium hydroxide, Al(OH)3, is found in nature as the mineral gibbsite (also known as hydrargillite) and its three much rarer polymorphs: bayerite, doyleite, and nordstrandite. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sodium hydrosulfide is also used in the paper and pulp industry. (sbwire.com)
  • Thus, growing paper and pulp industry is expected to boost the overall demand for the sodium hydrosulfide market. (sbwire.com)