European Continental Ancestry Group
Health Status Disparities
Continental Population Groups
Emigration and Immigration
African Continental Ancestry Group
Health Services Accessibility
Health Status Indicators
Emigrants and Immigrants
Infant, Low Birth Weight
Cause of Death
Health Services Needs and Demand
Body Mass Index
Activities of Daily Living
Interviews as Topic
Quality of Life
Proportional Hazards Models
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Tropical enteropathy in Rhodesia. (1/19736)Tropical enteropathy, which may be related to tropical sprue, has been described in many developing countries including parts of Africa. The jejunal changes of enteropathy are seen in Rhodesians of all social and racial categories. Xylose excretion, however, is related to socioeconomic status, but not race. Upper socioeconomic Africans and Europeans excrete significantly more xylose than lower socioeconomic Africans. Vitamin B12 and fat absorption are normal, suggesting predominant involvement of the proximal small intestine. Tropical enteropathy in Rhodesia is similar to that seen in Nigeria but is associated with less malabsorption than is found in the Caribbean, the Indian subcontinent, and South East Asia. The possible aetiological factors are discussed. It is postulated that the lighter exposure of upper class Africans and Europeans to repeated gastrointestinal infections may accound for their superior xylose absorption compared with Africans of low socioeconomic circumstances. It is further suggested that the milder enteropathy seen in Africa may be explained by a lower prevalence of acute gastroenteritis than in experienced elsewhere in the tropics. (+info)
Legalized physician-assisted suicide in Oregon--the first year's experience. (2/19736)BACKGROUND AND METHODS: On October 27, 1997, Oregon legalized physician-assisted suicide. We collected data on all terminally ill Oregon residents who received prescriptions for lethal medications under the Oregon Death with Dignity Act and who died in 1998. The data were obtained from physicians' reports, death certificates, and interviews with physicians. We compared persons who took lethal medications prescribed under the act with those who died from similar illnesses but did not receive prescriptions for lethal medications. RESULTS: Information on 23 persons who received prescriptions for lethal medications was reported to the Oregon Health Division; 15 died after taking the lethal medications, 6 died from underlying illnesses, and 2 were alive as of January 1, 1999. The median age of the 15 patients who died after taking lethal medications was 69 years; 8 were male, and all 15 were white. Thirteen of the 15 patients had cancer. The case patients and controls were similar with regard to sex, race, urban or rural residence, level of education, health insurance coverage, and hospice enrollment. No case patients or controls expressed concern about the financial impact of their illness. One case patient and 15 controls expressed concern about inadequate control of pain (P=0.10). The case patients were more likely than the controls to have never married (P=0.04) and were more likely to be concerned about loss of autonomy due to illness (P=0.01) and loss of control of bodily functions (P=0.02). At death, 21 percent of the case patients and 84 percent of the controls were completely disabled (P<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: During the first year of legalized physician-assisted suicide in Oregon, the decision to request and use a prescription for lethal medication was associated with concern about loss of autonomy or control of bodily functions, not with fear of intractable pain or concern about financial loss. In addition, we found that the choice of physician-assisted suicide was not associated with level of education or health insurance coverage. (+info)
Incidence and occupational pattern of leukaemias, lymphomas, and testicular tumours in western Ireland over an 11 year period. (3/19736)STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine incidence of the following malignancies, testicular tumours, all leukaemias and all lymphomas in the West of Ireland in an 11 year period. Secondly, to examine the relation between disease patterns and available occupational data in male subjects of working age. DESIGN: A census survey of all cases occurring in the three counties in the Western Health Board (WHB) area, Galway, Mayo and Roscommon, for the 11 year period 1980 to 1990 inclusive. Average annual age standardised incidence rates for the period were calculated using the 1986 census data. Rates for the area are compared with rates from the southern region of Ireland, which had a tumour registry. Trends over the time period are evaluated. All male subjects for whom occupational data were available were categorised using the Irish socioeconomic group classification and incidence rates by occupation were compared using the standardised incidence ratio method. In one of the counties, Galway, a detailed occupational history of selected cases and an age matched control group was also elicited through patients' general practitioners. SETTING: All available case records in the West of Ireland. RESULTS: There are no national incidence records for the period. Compared with data from the Southern Tumour Registry, the number of cases of women with myeloid leukaemias was significantly lower. Male leukaemia rates were significantly lower as a group (SIR 84 (95% CI 74, 95) but not when considered as individual categories. Regression analysis revealed an increasing trend in the number of new cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma among both men (r = 0.47, p = 0.02) and women (r = 0.90, p = 0.0001) and of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia in men (r = 0.77, p = 0.005) and women (r = 0.68 p = 0.02) in the WHB region over the last decade. Four hundred and fifty six male cases over the age of 15 years were identified and adequate occupational information was available for 74% of these. Standardised incidence ratios of testicular tumours 100, 938) and agriworkers other than farmers (SIR 377, 95% CI 103, 967). There were also significantly increased incidence ratios for both non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (SIR 169, 95% CI 124, 266) and three categories of leukaemias among farmers. Hodgkin's disease and acute myeloid leukaemias were significantly increased among semi-skilled people. Interview data with 90 cases and 54 controls of both sexes revealed that among farmers, cases (n = 31) were significantly less likely than controls (n = 20) to use tractor mounted spraying techniques (OR = 0.19 (95% CI 0.04, 0.80)) and less likely to wear protective masks (OR 0.22 (95% CI 0.05, 0.84)). CONCLUSIONS: Trends of increase in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and some leukaemias are consistent with studies elsewhere. The study provides further evidence of the relation between agricultural work and certain lymphoproliferative cancers. The possible carcinogenic role of chemicals used in agricultural industries must be considered as an explanation. (+info)
Do housing tenure and car access predict health because they are simply markers of income or self esteem? A Scottish study. (4/19736)OBJECTIVE: To investigate relations between health (using a range of measures) and housing tenure or car access; and to test the hypothesis that observed relations between these asset based measures and health are simply because they are markers for income or self esteem. DESIGN: Analysis of data from second wave of data collection of West of Scotland Twenty-07 study, collected in 1991 by face to face interviews conducted by nurse interviewers. SETTING: The Central Clydeside Conurbation, in the West of Scotland. SUBJECTS: 785 people (354 men, 431 women) in their late 30s, and 718 people (358 men, 359 women) in their late 50s, participants in a longitudinal study. MEASURES: General Health Questionnaire scores, respiratory function, waist/hip ratio, number of longstanding illnesses, number of symptoms in the last month, and systolic blood pressure; household income adjusted for household size and composition; Rosenberg self esteem score; housing tenure and care access. RESULTS: On bivariate analysis, all the health measures were significantly associated with housing tenure, and all except waist/hip ratio with car access; all except waist/hip ratio were related to income, and all except systolic blood pressure were related to self esteem. In models controlling for age, sex, and their interaction, neither waist/hip ratio nor systolic blood pressure remained significantly associated with tenure or care access. Significant relations with all the remaining health measures persisted after further controlling for income or self esteem. CONCLUSIONS: Housing tenure and car access may not only be related to health because they are markers for income or psychological traits; they may also have some directly health promoting or damaging effects. More research is needed to establish mechanisms by which they may influence health, and to determine the policy implications of their association with health. (+info)
Is hospital care involved in inequalities in coronary heart disease mortality? Results from the French WHO-MONICA Project in men aged 30-64. (5/19736)OBJECTIVES: The goal of the study was to assess whether possible disparities in coronary heart disease (CHD) management between occupational categories (OC) in men might be observed and contribute to the increasing inequalities in CHD morbidity and mortality reported in France. METHODS: The data from the three registers of the French MONICA Collaborative Centres (MCC-Lille, MCC-Strasbourg, and MCC-Toulouse) were analysed during two period: 1985-87 and 1989-91. Acute myocardial infarctions and coronary deaths concerning men, aged 30-64 years, were included. Non-professionally active and retired men were excluded. Results were adjusted for age and MCC, using a logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: 605 and 695 events were analysed for 1985-87 and 1989-91, respectively. Out of hospital cardiac arrests, with or without cardiac resuscitation, and 28 day case fatality rates were lower among upper executives in both periods. A coronarography before the acute event had been performed more frequently in men of this category and the proportion of events that could be hospitalised was higher among them. In both periods, the management of acute myocardial infarctions in hospital and prescriptions on discharge were similar among occupational categories. CONCLUSIONS: For patients who could be admitted to hospital, the management was found to be similar among OCs, as was the 28 day case fatality rate among the hospitalised patients. In contrast, lower prognosis and higher probability of being hospitalised after the event among some categories suggest that pre-hospital care and the patient's conditions before the event are the primary factors involved. (+info)
The social and economic effects of manic depressive illness and of its treatment in lithium clinics. (6/19736)Advising about the employment of those who have had manic depressive episodes requires Occupational Health Physicians to obtain, with consent, an objective account of previous episodes and to appreciate the enormous range of manic and depressive manifestations. Familiarity is needed with the likely effects of treatment of episodes and the benefits and problems of prophylaxis--not just in general but in individual cases, for example, where driving is required. This article summarizes research into the effects of lithium preparations on the course of the illness, thyroid and renal function and the risk of suicide. The author found that changing from treatment of episodes to continuous prophylaxis benefited employment and personal relationships without causing body weight problems. Many patients do well in life if supported by an experienced professional team, with 61% requiring no further admissions once on lithium, and with an 86% reduction in admissions achieved in our local clinic. (+info)
The PRIME study: classical risk factors do not explain the severalfold differences in risk of coronary heart disease between France and Northern Ireland. Prospective Epidemiological Study of Myocardial Infarction. (7/19736)We are studying the contribution of risk and genetic factors, and their interaction, to the development of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) and other cardiovascular endpoints. The study is prospective, based in three centres in the south, east and north of France and in Northern Ireland. A total of 10,592 men aged 50-59 years were recruited from 1991 to 1993, and examined for evidence of IHD at baseline. Subjects are followed annually by questionnaire. Clinical information is validated from hospital and GP records. Demographic characteristics were similar in all four centres. Body mass index was highest in Strasbourg (mean 27.4 kg/m2 vs. 26.3 kg/m2 in Toulouse and Belfast), but total cholesterol, triglyceride and fibrinogen were highest in Belfast. In Belfast, 6.1% reported having had a coronary angiogram, compared to 3.0% in Toulouse. Conversely, 13.8% in Toulouse reported taking lipid-lowering drugs vs. 1.6% in Belfast. As predicted, a history of myocardial infarction (MI) was highest in Belfast (6.1%) and lowest in Toulouse (1.2%). Some 7.1% of Belfast men reported a medical diagnosis of angina vs. 1.5% in Toulouse. Subjects showing evidence of pre-existing IHD will be studied prospectively but treated in the analysis as an additional variable. These results provide a measure of reassurance that these cohorts are representative of the communities from which they are drawn and provide a reliable baseline for prospective evaluation and cross-sectional comparisons. The levels of the classical risk factors found in this study, particularly when examined in combination, as multiple logistic functions based on previous British studies, are very similar between centres and cannot explain the large differences in the incidence of IHD which exist. Additional risk factors may help explain, at least in part, the major differences in incidence of IHD between these study centres. (+info)
Geographic, demographic, and socioeconomic variations in the investigation and management of coronary heart disease in Scotland. (8/19736)OBJECTIVE: To determine whether age, sex, level of deprivation, and area of residence affect the likelihood of investigation and treatment of patients with coronary heart disease. DESIGN, PATIENTS, AND INTERVENTIONS: Routine discharge data were used to identify patients admitted with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) between 1991 and 1993 inclusive. Record linkage provided the proportion undergoing angiography, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) over the following two years. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to determine whether age, sex, deprivation, and area of residence were independently associated with progression to investigation and revascularisation. SETTING: Mainland Scotland 1991 to 1995 inclusive. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Two year incidence of angiography, PTCA, and CABG. Results-36 838 patients were admitted with AMI. 4831 (13%) underwent angiography, 587 (2%) PTCA, and 1825 (5%) CABG. Women were significantly less likely to undergo angiography (p < 0.001) and CABG (p < 0.001) but more likely to undergo PTCA (p < 0.05). Older patients were less likely to undergo all three procedures (p < 0.001). Socioeconomic deprivation was associated with a reduced likelihood of both angiography and CABG (p < 0.001). There were significant geographic variations in all three modalities (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Variations in investigation and management were demonstrated by age, sex, geography, and socioeconomic deprivation. These are unlikely to be accounted for by differences in need; differences in clinical practice are, therefore, likely. (+info)
There are several different types of obesity, including:
1. Central obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by excess fat around the waistline, which can increase the risk of health problems such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
2. Peripheral obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by excess fat in the hips, thighs, and arms.
3. Visceral obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by excess fat around the internal organs in the abdominal cavity.
4. Mixed obesity: This type of obesity is characterized by both central and peripheral obesity.
Obesity can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, lack of physical activity, poor diet, sleep deprivation, and certain medications. Treatment for obesity typically involves a combination of lifestyle changes, such as increased physical activity and a healthy diet, and in some cases, medication or surgery may be necessary to achieve weight loss.
Preventing obesity is important for overall health and well-being, and can be achieved through a variety of strategies, including:
1. Eating a healthy, balanced diet that is low in added sugars, saturated fats, and refined carbohydrates.
2. Engaging in regular physical activity, such as walking, jogging, or swimming.
3. Getting enough sleep each night.
4. Managing stress levels through relaxation techniques, such as meditation or deep breathing.
5. Avoiding excessive alcohol consumption and quitting smoking.
6. Monitoring weight and body mass index (BMI) on a regular basis to identify any changes or potential health risks.
7. Seeking professional help from a healthcare provider or registered dietitian for personalized guidance on weight management and healthy lifestyle choices.
Low birth weight is defined as less than 2500 grams (5 pounds 8 ounces) and is associated with a higher risk of health problems, including respiratory distress, infection, and developmental delays. Premature birth is also a risk factor for low birth weight, as premature infants may not have had enough time to grow to a healthy weight before delivery.
On the other hand, high birth weight is associated with an increased risk of macrosomia, a condition in which the baby is significantly larger than average and may require a cesarean section (C-section) or assisted delivery. Macrosomia can also increase the risk of injury to the mother during delivery.
Birth weight can be influenced by various factors during pregnancy, including maternal nutrition, prenatal care, and fetal growth patterns. However, it is important to note that birth weight alone is not a definitive indicator of a baby's health or future development. Other factors, such as the baby's overall physical condition, Apgar score (a measure of the baby's well-being at birth), and postnatal care, are also important indicators of long-term health outcomes.
The burden of chronic diseases is significant, with over 70% of deaths worldwide attributed to them, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In addition to the physical and emotional toll they take on individuals and their families, chronic diseases also pose a significant economic burden, accounting for a large proportion of healthcare expenditure.
In this article, we will explore the definition and impact of chronic diseases, as well as strategies for managing and living with them. We will also discuss the importance of early detection and prevention, as well as the role of healthcare providers in addressing the needs of individuals with chronic diseases.
What is a Chronic Disease?
A chronic disease is a condition that lasts for an extended period of time, often affecting daily life and activities. Unlike acute diseases, which have a specific beginning and end, chronic diseases are long-term and persistent. Examples of chronic diseases include:
2. Heart disease
6. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
7. Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
Impact of Chronic Diseases
The burden of chronic diseases is significant, with over 70% of deaths worldwide attributed to them, according to the WHO. In addition to the physical and emotional toll they take on individuals and their families, chronic diseases also pose a significant economic burden, accounting for a large proportion of healthcare expenditure.
Chronic diseases can also have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life, limiting their ability to participate in activities they enjoy and affecting their relationships with family and friends. Moreover, the financial burden of chronic diseases can lead to poverty and reduce economic productivity, thus having a broader societal impact.
Addressing Chronic Diseases
Given the significant burden of chronic diseases, it is essential that we address them effectively. This requires a multi-faceted approach that includes:
1. Lifestyle modifications: Encouraging healthy behaviors such as regular physical activity, a balanced diet, and smoking cessation can help prevent and manage chronic diseases.
2. Early detection and diagnosis: Identifying risk factors and detecting diseases early can help prevent or delay their progression.
3. Medication management: Effective medication management is crucial for controlling symptoms and slowing disease progression.
4. Multi-disciplinary care: Collaboration between healthcare providers, patients, and families is essential for managing chronic diseases.
5. Health promotion and disease prevention: Educating individuals about the risks of chronic diseases and promoting healthy behaviors can help prevent their onset.
6. Addressing social determinants of health: Social determinants such as poverty, education, and employment can have a significant impact on health outcomes. Addressing these factors is essential for reducing health disparities and improving overall health.
7. Investing in healthcare infrastructure: Investing in healthcare infrastructure, technology, and research is necessary to improve disease detection, diagnosis, and treatment.
8. Encouraging policy change: Policy changes can help create supportive environments for healthy behaviors and reduce the burden of chronic diseases.
9. Increasing public awareness: Raising public awareness about the risks and consequences of chronic diseases can help individuals make informed decisions about their health.
10. Providing support for caregivers: Chronic diseases can have a significant impact on family members and caregivers, so providing them with support is essential for improving overall health outcomes.
Chronic diseases are a major public health burden that affect millions of people worldwide. Addressing these diseases requires a multi-faceted approach that includes lifestyle changes, addressing social determinants of health, investing in healthcare infrastructure, encouraging policy change, increasing public awareness, and providing support for caregivers. By taking a comprehensive approach to chronic disease prevention and management, we can improve the health and well-being of individuals and communities worldwide.
1. Coronary artery disease: The narrowing or blockage of the coronary arteries, which supply blood to the heart.
2. Heart failure: A condition in which the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs.
3. Arrhythmias: Abnormal heart rhythms that can be too fast, too slow, or irregular.
4. Heart valve disease: Problems with the heart valves that control blood flow through the heart.
5. Heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy): Disease of the heart muscle that can lead to heart failure.
6. Congenital heart disease: Defects in the heart's structure and function that are present at birth.
7. Peripheral artery disease: The narrowing or blockage of blood vessels that supply oxygen and nutrients to the arms, legs, and other organs.
8. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT): A blood clot that forms in a deep vein, usually in the leg.
9. Pulmonary embolism: A blockage in one of the arteries in the lungs, which can be caused by a blood clot or other debris.
10. Stroke: A condition in which there is a lack of oxygen to the brain due to a blockage or rupture of blood vessels.
Asthma can cause recurring episodes of wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath. These symptoms occur when the muscles surrounding the airways contract, causing the airways to narrow and swell. This can be triggered by exposure to environmental allergens or irritants such as pollen, dust mites, pet dander, or respiratory infections.
There is no cure for asthma, but it can be managed with medication and lifestyle changes. Treatment typically includes inhaled corticosteroids to reduce inflammation, bronchodilators to open up the airways, and rescue medications to relieve symptoms during an asthma attack.
Asthma is a common condition that affects people of all ages, but it is most commonly diagnosed in children. According to the American Lung Association, more than 25 million Americans have asthma, and it is the third leading cause of hospitalization for children under the age of 18.
While there is no cure for asthma, early diagnosis and proper treatment can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life for those affected by the condition.
There are different types of Breast Neoplasms such as:
1. Fibroadenomas: These are benign tumors that are made up of glandular and fibrous tissues. They are usually small and round, with a smooth surface, and can be moved easily under the skin.
2. Cysts: These are fluid-filled sacs that can develop in both breast tissue and milk ducts. They are usually benign and can disappear on their own or be drained surgically.
3. Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS): This is a precancerous condition where abnormal cells grow inside the milk ducts. If left untreated, it can progress to invasive breast cancer.
4. Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC): This is the most common type of breast cancer and starts in the milk ducts but grows out of them and invades surrounding tissue.
5. Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC): It originates in the milk-producing glands (lobules) and grows out of them, invading nearby tissue.
Breast Neoplasms can cause various symptoms such as a lump or thickening in the breast or underarm area, skin changes like redness or dimpling, change in size or shape of one or both breasts, discharge from the nipple, and changes in the texture or color of the skin.
Treatment options for Breast Neoplasms may include surgery such as lumpectomy, mastectomy, or breast-conserving surgery, radiation therapy which uses high-energy beams to kill cancer cells, chemotherapy using drugs to kill cancer cells, targeted therapy which uses drugs or other substances to identify and attack cancer cells while minimizing harm to normal cells, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, and clinical trials.
It is important to note that not all Breast Neoplasms are cancerous; some are benign (non-cancerous) tumors that do not spread or grow.
Body weight is an important health indicator, as it can affect an individual's risk for certain medical conditions, such as obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Maintaining a healthy body weight is essential for overall health and well-being, and there are many ways to do so, including a balanced diet, regular exercise, and other lifestyle changes.
There are several ways to measure body weight, including:
1. Scale: This is the most common method of measuring body weight, and it involves standing on a scale that displays the individual's weight in kg or lb.
2. Body fat calipers: These are used to measure body fat percentage by pinching the skin at specific points on the body.
3. Skinfold measurements: This method involves measuring the thickness of the skin folds at specific points on the body to estimate body fat percentage.
4. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA): This is a non-invasive method that uses electrical impulses to measure body fat percentage.
5. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA): This is a more accurate method of measuring body composition, including bone density and body fat percentage.
It's important to note that body weight can fluctuate throughout the day due to factors such as water retention, so it's best to measure body weight at the same time each day for the most accurate results. Additionally, it's important to use a reliable scale or measuring tool to ensure accurate measurements.
Socioeconomic status and memory
Smoking in Croatia
Surfing in the United States
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Child nutrition in Australia
Sexuality in China
Academic achievement among different groups in Germany
Alcoholism in rural Australia
Castro de Rei
G factor (psychometrics)
Red Maasai sheep
Athletes and domestic violence in the United States
Socioeconomic impact of female education
Asco (art collective)
Hamburg School District (New Jersey)
Eagleswood Township School District
West Deptford Public Schools
Economy of New Zealand
Dar es Salaam
Diseases of poverty
Woodland Township School District
California Senate Bill 535 (2012)
Environmental racism in Europe
Islam in India
Superconducting Super Collider
Sociology in China
Norwood Public School District
Emaswati nationality law
Early American currency
Socioeconomic Factors / Race and Ethnicity | CDC
Ethnicity, geography and socioeconomic factor | EurekAlert!
Browsing by Subject "Socioeconomic Factors"
Impact of Individual and Neighborhood Factors on Socioeconomic Disparities in Localized and Advanced Prostate Cancer Risk
Socioeconomic risk factors for bacterial gastrointestinal infections - PubMed
Innovative actions for improving urban health and wellbeing - addressing environment, climate and socioeconomic factors
Socioeconomic factors and persistent racial disparities in childhood vaccination - PubMed
Figure 7 - Demographic and Socioeconomic Factors Associated with Fungal Infection Risk, United States, 2019 - Volume 28, Number...
NIH VideoCast - Trauma Spectrum Disorders: The Role of Gender, Race & Other Socioeconomic Factors (Day 2)
Country progress towards the Millennium Development Goals: adjusting for socioeconomic factors reveals greater progress and new...
What are the socioeconomic factors that influence CSA adoption? - CGIAR
WHO EMRO | Socioeconomic factors associated with tobacco smoking in Turkey: a cross-sectional, population-based study | Volume...
Are there national risk factors for epidemic cholera? The correlation between socioeconomic and demographic indices and cholera...
033 Socio-economic trends in cardiovascular risk factors in England, 1994-2008 | Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health
Altmetric - Socioeconomic and therapy factor influence on self-reported fatigue, anxiety and depression in rheumatoid arthritis...
Socioeconomic and Occupational Risk Factors for Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Nationwide Study Based on Hospitalizations in Sweden |...
The influence of maternal socioeconomic and emotional factors on infant weight gain and weight faltering (failure to thrive):...
Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Woodlot Farming Adoption from Crop Farming in Tanzania: A Case of Mufindi District | Lumliko...
Most Breast Cancer Studies Don't Address Race or Socioeconomic Factors
Socio-Economic Factors and Awareness of HIV/AIDS among Rural Women Farmers in Ebonyi State, Nigeria: Issues for Guidance and...
Socioeconomic Factors | Profiles RNS
Subjects: Socioeconomic Factors - Digital Collections - National Library of Medicine Search Results
Subjects: Socioeconomic Factors - Digital Collections - National Library of Medicine Search Results
U.S. Heart Failure Deaths Linked to Socioeconomic Status | University Hospitals
Dismal performance of boys in kenya certificate of secondary education: diagnosis of effects of socio-economic factors in...
BibMe: Generate SOCIO-ECONOMIC-REVIEW chapter citations for your bibliography
Analysis of socio-economic factors affecting the Yields of smallholder coffee farmers In Kirinyaga County, Kenya.
An Analysis of Breastfeeding Initiation in Tasmania by Demographic and Socioeconomic Factors for Period 1981-1995
Pediatric Syphilis: Practice Essentials, Pathophysiology, Etiology
- This population-based case-control study combines interview and secondary data, including specific social and built environment factors, to explore potential mediators of socio-economic status disparities in prostate cancer risk. (nih.gov)
- To better understand the effects of socioeconomic factors on racial disparities in childhood vaccination. (nih.gov)
- Research should examine socioeconomic differences across populations to better understand racial disparities in health. (nih.gov)
- They found that of 57 articles published in 2016 on breast cancer, fewer than 5 percent-of those that were not explicitly designed to study such disparities—reported findings stratified by race and other socioeconomic factors. (chiefhealthcareexecutive.com)
- McCarty TR, Chouairi F, Hathorn KE, Sharma P, Muniraj T, Thompson CC. Healthcare Disparities in the Management of Acute Cholecystitis: Impact of Race, Gender, and Socioeconomic Factors on Cholecystectomy vs Percutaneous Cholecystostomy. (uams.edu)
Association between socioeconomic3
- Even though many health care providers have seen these inequities firsthand in their own clinical experience, it was still surprising to see the strength of the association between socioeconomic position and the care available to mothers. (eurekalert.org)
- This study aimed to determine the association between socioeconomic factors and cigarette tobacco smoking in Balcova, Izmir, Turkey, with a focus on gender differences. (who.int)
- Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between socioeconomic characteristics and smoking status. (who.int)
- Furthermore, research is now crucial to quantify the extent to which these persistent inequalities in CHD risk factor levels might explain the substantial inequalities observed in CHD mortality. (bmj.com)
- In a commentary titled, "Social factors matter in cancer risk and survivorship," the authors argue that in addition to race and ethnicity, social factors like income, access to healthcare, and socioeconomic position should be regularly incorporated in cancer research because they influence medical outcomes. (chiefhealthcareexecutive.com)
- They argue against their inclusion because race and ethnicity are not modifiable factors, and poverty or socioeconomic status are beyond the scope of healthcare practitioners to treat. (chiefhealthcareexecutive.com)
- These associations are further complicated by a variety of moderating factors, such as race, ethnicity, and gender. (nih.gov)
- The aim of the study was to determine the socioeconomic and demographic factors associated with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC) presentation at our institution. (bvsalud.org)
- Objectives: this research aims to study the relationship between socioeconomic and demographic factors, and dental caries and their outcomes in adult and elderly residents of a Northeastern community. (bvsalud.org)
- The investigators used multiple indicators of employment, poverty, income, housing and education to determine a person's level of socioeconomic deprivation. (uhhospitals.org)
- The study, Socioeconomic Deprivation and Heart Failure Mortality in the United States , was published online in Journal of Cardiac Failure . (uhhospitals.org)
- Perinatally collected breastfeeding initiation data (breastfeeding at discharge from hospital) was analysed against available demographic and socioeconomic variables and compared with initiation rates from interstate Australian populations. (edu.au)
- Mothers who are Hispanic or who come from rural or low socioeconomic status neighborhoods are less likely to have their child's critical heart condition diagnosed before birth, according to a new study in the journal Circulation . (eurekalert.org)
- Even when infants' heart defects were detected before birth, babies from neighborhoods with lower socioeconomic status were detected later in gestation than others. (eurekalert.org)
- Using Poisson regression analyses, incidence rate ratios (IRRs) were estimated for the major groups of bacteria in different socioeconomic strata, focusing on income group, level of education, marital status, number of children in the household, and country of birth. (nih.gov)
- Gender and lower socioeconomic status are associated with smoking. (who.int)
- People of low socioeconomic status are more likely to be less healthy than those of higher socioeconomic status, thus increasing their risk of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) (1). (who.int)
- To investigate possible associations between socioeconomic status, occupation, and hospitalization for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). (jrheum.org)
- Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) and 95% confidence intervals were calculated by socioeconomic status (education level) and occupation for men and women aged 30 years and older. (jrheum.org)
- Socioeconomic status and occupation sometimes carry a significantly increased risk of hospitalization for RA. (jrheum.org)
- The study found that the variability in heart failure mortality in the United States is at least partially explained by measures of wealth and socioeconomic status. (uhhospitals.org)
- Socioeconomic status may play an important role in heart failure because access to expensive medications and other therapies can be more available in affluent communities. (uhhospitals.org)
- socioeconomic status. (bvsalud.org)
- Patients with lower socioeconomic status , with symptoms, and needing emergency surgery were associated with advanced CRC stage at presentation. (bvsalud.org)
- Socioeconomic status (SES) is one of the many factors influencing a person's alcohol use and related outcomes. (nih.gov)
- This article focuses on one particular aspect of this complex set of systems, namely the relationship between SES- including income/economic factors, educational level, employment status, and housing status-and alcohol-related outcomes. (nih.gov)
- While socioeconomic status is not always a precise or consistent measure - particularly in married women, students and people with disabilities whose occupations and incomes tend to be variable - it is clear that socioeconomic status is associated with important health consequences, says Dr. Katz. (nih.gov)
- But despite the recognition socioeconomic factors play a role in cancer risk and outcomes, the vast majority of research continues to ignore these factors, according to the authors. (chiefhealthcareexecutive.com)
- This study highlights the importance of addressing socioeconomic factors to improve heart failure outcomes nationally. (uhhospitals.org)
- These factors, which operate within various systems and levels, interact and transact over time to determine alcohol-related outcomes, such as drinking patterns and negative alcohol- related consequences (Gruenewald et al. (nih.gov)
- Do Climatic and Socioeconomic Factors Explain Population Vulnerability to Malaria? (who.int)
- Poor climatic and socioeconomic factors are known to increase population vulnerability to malaria. (who.int)
- Objectives: This study aims to study the role of climatic and socioeconomic factors in determining population vulnerability to malaria in India. (who.int)
- Conclusion: Household's vulnerability to malaria differed according to state climatic vulnerability level and socioeconomic factors. (who.int)
- Guin P, Kumar EL, Mukhopadhyay I.. Do Climatic and Socioeconomic Factors Explain Population Vulnerability to Malaria? (who.int)
Analyzed the socio-economic factors1
- This study analyzed the socio-economic factors influencing rural women farmers' awareness of HIV/AIDs in Ebonyi State, Nigeria: Issue for Guidance and Counseling. (eajournals.org)
Socio-economic factors that influence2
- Basing on the findings, the study concluded that socio-economic factors that influence woodlot farming positively and significantly are income generation expectation, land size, and assets acquisitions meanwhile education level influence woodlot farming adoption negatively and significantly. (ccsenet.org)
- Data from the survey and secondary sources was analyzed, and the following were identified as the main socio-economic factors that influence tea productivity, low labour allocated to tea production, low number of tea bushes owned and low proportion of land under tea. (journalcra.com)
Anxiety and depression1
- Socioeconomic factors (including job dissatisfaction, physically strenuous work, psychologically stressful work, low educational attainment, and Workers' Compensation Insurance) are important risk factors for the onset of back pain and disability in general, as are smoking, obesity, older age and issues such as anxiety and depression. (nih.gov)
- Fast-track targets, based on best-performing countries' progress within regional and income groups, adjust for health and non-health sector factors known to affect maternal and child health. (nih.gov)
- Partnership for Maternal, Newborn & Child Health and the Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research, as part of the Success Factors Study on reducing maternal and child mortality. (nih.gov)
- To study the influence of maternal socioeconomic and emotional factors on infant weight gain and weight faltering (failure to thrive) in the first year of life. (bmj.com)
- Some prenatal risk factors, including maternal smoking, have been firmly established, but diet and nutrition, stress, use of antibiotics and mode of delivery may also affect the early development of allergy and asthma. (cmaj.ca)
- To better understand the socioeconomic factors that foster or slow down the adoption of climate-smart agriculture (CSA) practices within smallholder farming communities, a new methodological framework has been developed and piloted by researchers in Colombia from the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and the International Center for Tropical Agriculture ( CIAT ). (cgiar.org)
- Time-series dynamic regression was applied to test the correlation of incidence rates and accumulated deforestation, adjusted by climate and socioeconomic factors. (biomedcentral.com)
- Trauma spectrum disorders : the role of gender, race & other socioeconomic factors / Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health & Traumatic Brain Injury, the National Institutes of Health, and Department of Veterans Affairs. (nih.gov)
- Lumbar disc disorders and low-back pain: socioeconomic factors and consequences. (nih.gov)
- At EU level, the Urban Agenda for the EU[[ https://ec.europa.eu/futurium/en/urban-agenda ]] focuses on improving the life of their citizens for example through the development of digital solutions, reducing urban poverty and better integration of migrants and refugees. (europa.eu)
- To appropriately meet the challenges of closing the knowledge gaps, improving the identification and treatment of gender and race factors in traumatic stress and traumatic brain injury, the Defense Centers of Excellence for Psychological Health and Traumatic Brain Injury (DCoE), in collaboration with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA), is launching a two-day scientific conference. (nih.gov)
- A series of regression models were used to analyse the influence of SEC and time on risk factor levels, separately for each gender. (bmj.com)
- Later in childhood, putative risk factors include exposure to allergens, breastfeeding (which may initially protect and then increase the risk of sensitization), family size and structure, and sex and gender. (cmaj.ca)
- Socio-economic factors enabling and/or constraining adoption of compost. (cgiar.org)
- Using data from the Health Survey for England from 1994 to 2007, we therefore examined differentials in CHD risk factors across socio-economic groups over recent years. (bmj.com)
- The study stressed to examine socio - economic factors influencing woodlot farming adoption in Mufindi district, Tanzania. (ccsenet.org)
- This study sought to establish the socio- economic factors that affect the academic performance of boys in national examinations in Subukia District, Nakuru County, Kenya. (journalcra.com)
- The study concluded that as boys progress within the school system their performance declines due to social economic factors such as lack of latent education levies thereby forcing them to enter casual employment and lapse into indiscipline. (journalcra.com)
- Analysis of socio-economic factors affecting the Yields of smallholder coffee farmers In Kirinyaga County, Kenya. (ac.ke)
- This study aimed at determining the socio-economic factors influencing yields as well as assessing the influence of coffee prices on re-investment and yields within the small holder sector of Kirinyaga County. (ac.ke)
- Economic and geographical factors influencing child malnutrition : a study from the Southern Highlands, Tanzania / by Oddvar Jakobsen. (who.int)
- Therefore, the current research aimed to understand the knowledge of breast cancer symptoms and risk factors among women in a low socio-economic area of Mumbai. (biomedcentral.com)
- The low production in the sub sector has been attributed to several socio-economic and technological factors which include, poor labour utilization, low fertilizer application, low adoption of improved technologies, and low plant population among others. (journalcra.com)
- A study was carried out to identify the socio-economic factors which influence tea productivity in the smallholder sub sector of Nandi district. (journalcra.com)
- Full Text PA-92-101 RESEARCH ON ECONOMIC AND SOCIOECONOMIC ASPECTS OF ALCOHOL ABUSE NIH GUIDE, Volume 21, Number 30, August 21, 1992 P.T. 34 Keywords: Alcohol/Alcoholism Health Care Economics Epidemiology PA NUMBER: PA-92-101 National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism PURPOSE Alcohol abuse and alcoholism are major problems in the United States, and costs related to alcohol misuse are a significant economic issue. (nih.gov)
- The purpose of this Program Announcement (PA) is to make clear the continued interest of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) in supporting additional, high-quality research on economic and socioeconomic aspects of the prevention, treatment, and epidemiology of alcohol-related problems. (nih.gov)
- This PA is a revised version of a 1988 announcement titled "Research on Economic and Socioeconomic Issues in the Prevention, Treatment, and Epidemiology of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. (nih.gov)
- This PA, Research on Economic and Socioeconomic Aspects of Alcohol Abuse, is related to the priority areas of decreasing morbidity and mortality that are associated with the drinking of alcohol. (nih.gov)
- Logistic regressions indicated that higher educational and socioeconomic levels are associated with a lower likelihood of women being victims or perpetrators of violence. (bvsalud.org)
- Conclusions Persistent SEC differentials in major risk factors (smoking and poor diet) highlight an important priority for more effective policies for healthy food and tobacco control. (bmj.com)
- Methods The Health Survey for England (HSfE) is an annual, nationally representative health interview and examination survey containing a core element - which includes risk factors such as smoking and BMI as well as biomarkers like blood pressure and saliva cotinine - and a regularly repeated disease module. (bmj.com)
- Bacterial gastrointestinal infections cause considerable morbidity in industrialized countries, but little is known about socioeconomic factors affecting the risk of infection. (nih.gov)
- This paper evolved from the extensive literature review undertaken as part of a proposal for a longitudinal birth cohort study to examine risk factors for the development of allergy and asthma in early childhood. (cmaj.ca)
- In new research supported by the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), Jeffrey N. Katz, M.D., reviewed the scientific literature concerning low-back pain and examined the costs - both direct (medications, hospitalization, outpatient visits) and indirect (lost wages, decreased productivity, care-giving expenses) - of this common problem and the role that socioeconomic factors play in it. (nih.gov)
- These differences are caused by many factors such as living conditions, health-related behaviour, education, occupation and income, health care. (europa.eu)
- Factors that make the policymakers and public health system worried are rising incidence of breast cancer in India and more importantly high death rates among breast cancer patients. (biomedcentral.com)
- Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to determine independent risk factors for presenting with advanced CRC. (bvsalud.org)
- Results SEC gradients in risk factors were most pronounced for current smoking, fruit and vegetable consumption, BMI (women only) and diabetes (women aged 55-74). (bmj.com)
- Not all researchers agree that social factors should be included in medical research. (chiefhealthcareexecutive.com)
- The authors argue that as the evidence in breast cancer research shows, race and socioeconomic factors affect risk and survivorship, and should therefore should be collected, documented and analyzed much more extensively. (chiefhealthcareexecutive.com)
- Dean found that while the raw data show that there is a higher incidence of lymphedema among black women, some peer-reviewed papers found that race was not a statistically relevant factor. (chiefhealthcareexecutive.com)
- A 2009 paper that looked at risk factors for arm lymphedema by race concluded that, "While black women had higher prevalence of arm lymphedema than white women (28 percent vs. 21 percent), race was not associated with lymphedema risk in models adjusted for multiple factors. (chiefhealthcareexecutive.com)
- Less than one-fifth of the women who were aware of breast cancer reported early menstruation (5.6%), late menopause (10%), hormone therapy (13%), late pregnancy (15%) and obesity (19%) as the risk factors for breast cancer. (biomedcentral.com)
- In conclusion, knowledge of danger signs and risk factors of breast cancer were low among women in the community. (biomedcentral.com)
- The study, which will eventually recruit 5000 pregnant women, has the aim of determining the environmental, host, genetic and psychosocial risk factors for development of allergy and asthma in children. (cmaj.ca)
- And yet, very few breast cancer studies factor race or other socioeconomic indicators into their analysis, according to a report published by researchers at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health. (chiefhealthcareexecutive.com)
- Lorraine Dean, ScD, a social epidemiologist at Johns Hopkins and one of the paper's authors, said that given the evidence from the Gail model, race shouldn't be the only factor considered. (chiefhealthcareexecutive.com)
- Dean says controlling for race while assuming "all else being equal" misses the point because in real life, race can't be isolated from other social factors. (chiefhealthcareexecutive.com)
- It could be all types of other social factors that essentially race is coding for. (chiefhealthcareexecutive.com)
- Dean acknowledged that in comparison with factor like income, race is extensively reported. (chiefhealthcareexecutive.com)
- Objective Recent large falls in Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) mortality rates have been attributed to reductions in behavioural and physiological risk factors, particularly smoking, cholesterol and high systolic blood pressure (SBP), and also to the increasingly widespread use of cardiological treatments. (bmj.com)
- Using statistical analysis, the authors examinded individual-level covariates and specific social and built environment factors to assess the extent to which these factors were associated with odds of localized or advanced prostate cancer. (nih.gov)
- A multiple-factor analysis (MFA) and a cluster analysis led to the identification of three different farmer types in the Cauca CSV, each one presenting a different level of CSA adoption. (cgiar.org)
- Other factors such as off-farm income, number of clones, proportion of land under tea and tea as a main income were not significant in explaining tea productivity in the catchment. (journalcra.com)
Risk factors for the development1
- Socioeconomic factors are not major risk factors for the development of radiographically apparent disc degeneration (that is, x-ray visible degeneration of the cartilage discs separating and cushioning the vertebrae). (nih.gov)
- Environmental factors such as infections and exposure to endotoxins may be protective or may act as risk factors, depending in part on the timing of exposure in infancy and childhood. (cmaj.ca)
- Despite favourable trends in major risk factors across all social groups, the inequality gap remained essentially unchanged between 1994 and 2007. (bmj.com)
- This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Socioeconomic Factors" by people in UAMS Profiles by year, and whether "Socioeconomic Factors" was a major or minor topic of these publications. (uams.edu)
- The natural and built[[Man-made structures, features, and facilities viewed collectively as an environment in which people live and work ( https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/built_environment )]] environment as well as the social fabric are critical determinants of health and well-being. (europa.eu)
- However, the effectiveness of such measures depends on a variety of factors such as the financial, educational, social and demographic circumstances of the society (2). (who.int)
- Although not a systematic review, the examination of epidemiologic risk factors in the development of asthma presented here began in 2004 with a search of MEDLINE, using the Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) terms "asthma," "longitudinal" and "cohort study. (cmaj.ca)