The state of society as it exists or in flux. While it usually refers to society as a whole in a specified geographical or political region, it is applicable also to restricted strata of a society.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
A course of action or principle adopted or proposed by a government, party, business, or individual that concerns human interactions with nature and natural resources.
The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.
The separation of individuals or groups resulting in the lack of or minimizing of social contact and/or communication. This separation may be accomplished by physical separation, by social barriers and by psychological mechanisms. In the latter, there may be interaction but no real communication.
An agency in the Executive Branch of the Federal Government. It was created as an independent regulatory agency responsible for the implementation of federal laws designed to protect the environment. Its mission is to protect human health and the ENVIRONMENT.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Clinical or physiological indicators that precede the onset of disease.
Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.
The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).
Persons whom one knows, likes, and trusts.
Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Persons with physical or mental disabilities that affect or limit their activities of daily living and that may require special accommodations.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Organized services to provide mental health care.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Anxiety disorders in which the essential feature is persistent and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that the individual feels compelled to avoid. The individual recognizes the fear as excessive or unreasonable.
Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
Discomfort and partial inhibition of the usual forms of behavior when in the presence of others.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Individuals connecting by family, work or other interests. It also includes connectivity facilitated by computer-based communications.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The excessive use of marijuana with associated psychological symptoms and impairment in social or occupational functioning.
The plant genus in the Cannabaceae plant family, Urticales order, Hamamelidae subclass. The flowering tops are called many slang terms including pot, marijuana, hashish, bhang, and ganja. The stem is an important source of hemp fiber.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke from CANNABIS.

The broken mirror. A self psychological treatment perspective for relationship violence. (1/306)

Clinicians face formidable challenges in working with male perpetrators of domestic violence. Many treatment programs use a confrontational approach that emphasizes male entitlement and patriarchal societal attitudes, without honoring the genuine psychological pain of the abusive male. Although some men with strong psychopathic tendencies are almost impossible to treat, the majority of spouse-abusing males respond best to an empathic, client-centered, self psychological approach that also includes education about sociocultural issues and specific skill building. Understanding the deprivations in mirroring selfobject functions from which these men typically suffer facilitates clinical treatment response. While insisting that men take full responsibility for their abusive behavior, treatment approaches can still be most effective by addressing inherent psychological issues. Group leaders who can offer respect for perpetrators' history, their experience of powerlessness, and their emotional injuries in primary relationships are more likely to make an impact.  (+info)

What is the future for equity within health policy? (2/306)

In spite of differences in meaning, equity is generally accepted as an important social and economic policy goal. However, recent policy debates suggest that this consensus is under challenge. This paper explores the current debate between the 'New Right' and its opponents, and how different approaches affect health policy. It is strongly argued that if equity is not to remain a misunderstood concept, it is essential to clarify the arguments in its favour, as well as the steps required to protect its position within policy. The paper then goes on to justify the concern with equity, the broad goals equity seeks to achieve, and the practical translation of these goals into health policy. In the final section essentially practical issues are raised, by considering planning strategies and what research is necessary to support and develop pragmatic planning based on equity goals.  (+info)

Strategic physician communication and oncology clinical trials. (3/306)

PURPOSE: Clinical trials are the primary means for determining new, effective treatments for cancer patients, yet the number of patients that accrue is relatively limited. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between physician behavior and patient accrual to a clinical trial by videotaping the interaction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty-eight patient-physician interactions involving 12 different oncologists were videotaped in several clinics at the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute (Tampa, FL). The purpose of each interaction was to present the possibility of a clinical trial to the patient. A coding system, the Moffitt Accrual Analysis System, was developed by the authors to code behaviors that represented both the legal-informational and social influence models of communication behavior. Thirty-two patients agreed to participate in the clinical trial. RESULTS: Videotaping was found to be a viable, valid, and reliable method for studying the interaction. Physicians who were observed to use both models of influence were found to enroll more patients. Thus, patients were more likely to accrue to the trial when their physician verbally presented items normally included in an informed consent document and when they behaved in a reflective, patient-centered, supportive, and responsive manner. Discussion of benefits, side effects, patient concerns and resources to manage the concerns were all associated with accrual. CONCLUSION: This research has implications for modifying physician behavior and, thus, increasing the numbers of patients accruing to oncology clinical trials.  (+info)

Exploring the scope for advocacy by paediatricians. (4/306)

AIMS: To ascertain the type and extent of problems requiring advocacy in paediatrics. To develop an approach for analysing problems according to their root causes and the level of society at which advocacy is needed. METHODS: Nine paediatricians kept detailed clinical diaries for two weeks to identify problems. Classifications were developed to categorise problems by cause and the level of society at which they needed to be addressed. The press was surveyed for one week for childhood issues attracting media attention. RESULTS: 60 problems requiring advocacy were identified. Root causes included failures within agencies, between agencies, and inadequate provision. In addition to advocacy required individually, "political" action was needed at the community level (16 issues), city level (16 issues), and nationally (15 issues). 103 articles were found in the press, these did not relate closely to issues identified by clinicians. CONCLUSIONS: Many opportunities for advocacy arise in the course of daily work. A systematic way of analysing them has been developed for use in planning action. To optimise the health and health care of children, there is a need to train and support paediatricians in advocacy work for local as well as national issues. Ten issues were identified that might be prioritised by paediatricians working on an agenda for action.  (+info)

Cardiovascular risk factors and the neighbourhood environment: a multilevel analysis. (5/306)

BACKGROUND: This article examines whether the neighbourhood environment influences intermediate cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors, such as obesity (body mass index [BMI]), and lifestyle factors, such as no physical activity and smoking, when adjusted for the individual socioeconomic status (SES). METHODS: The study consists of face-to-face interviews from the Swedish Annual Level of Living Survey (SALLS) matched with the social status of the respondents' residential areas measured by two composite indices, the Care Need Index (CNI) and the Townsend score. The response rate was about 80%. This study was limited to the residents aged 25-74 years and consists of 9240 interviews from the years 1988-1989, when there were extended items in the SALLS about health and lifestyle. The data were analysed using a hierarchical logistic regression model. RESULTS: There was a gradient within every SES group so that respondents with a low (or intermediate or high) educational level exhibited an increasing proportion of daily smokers, physically inactive people and obese individuals with increasing neighbourhood deprivation. The multilevel model showed that respondents living in the most deprived neighbourhoods had an increased risk for being a daily smoker, engaging in no physical activity and being obese when adjusted for the individual SES. CONCLUSIONS: We showed that the area level has an important influence on risk factors for CVD which goes beyond the individual educational attainment. An increased level of living standard, more resources for primary health care and health promotion targeting the community level should be beneficial.  (+info)

Social background, adult body-height and health. (6/306)

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To study the socio-demographic determinants of body-height and the bearing of these determinants on the association between body-height and health among Finnish adults. DATA AND METHOD: Cross-sectional population survey including questions on social background, body-height and health, and retrospective questions on childhood living conditions. The data derive from a representative Survey on Living Conditions collected by Statistics Finland in 1994. The response rate was 73%. Male and female respondents > or =20 years were included in the analysis (N = 8212). Statistical methods include regression analysis and logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Body-height was strongly associated with year of birth, region, childhood living conditions and education among adult men and women. Body-height was also associated with limiting long-standing illness and perceived health as below good. Tall men had the best health and short men the poorest health. Among women the association of body-height with health differed from men, as tall women showed high levels of limiting long-standing illness, notably musculo-skeletal diseases. Adjusting for the background variables weakened but did not abolish the association between poor health and short stature among men and women. CONCLUSIONS: Short stature is associated with poor health among Finnish men and women. A non-linear association among women was found for musculo-skeletal diseases. The studied social background factors explained only little of the association between body-height and health.  (+info)

The environmental genome project: ethical, legal, and social implications. (7/306)

The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences is supporting a multiyear research initiative examining genetic influences on environmental response. Proponents of this new initiative, known as the Environmental Genome Project, hope that the information learned will improve our understanding of environmentally associated diseases and allow clinicians and public health officials to target disease-prevention strategies to those who are at increased risk. Despite these potential benefits, the project presents several ethical and social challenges. Of immediate concern is the protection of individual research participants. Other ethical issues relate to the application of research results and how study findings could affect social priorities. Clarifying these emerging areas of concern, many of which have not received adequate attention in the existing bioethics literature, is an important step toward minimizing potential research-related risks and defining research needs.  (+info)

Why reduce health inequalities? (8/306)

It is well known that social, cultural and economic factors cause substantial inequalities in health. Should we strive to achieve a more even share of good health, beyond improving the average health status of the population? We examine four arguments for the reduction of health inequalities.1 Inequalities are unfair. Inequalities in health are undesirable to the extent that they are unfair, or unjust. Distinguishing between health inequalities and health inequities can be contentious. Our view is that inequalities become "unfair" when poor health is itself the consequence of an unjust distribution of the underlying social determinants of health (for example, unequal opportunities in education or employment).2 Inequalities affect everyone. Conditions that lead to marked health disparities are detrimental to all members of society. Some types of health inequalities have obvious spillover effects on the rest of society, for example, the spread of infectious diseases, the consequences of alcohol and drug misuse, or the occurrence of violence and crime.3 Inequalities are avoidable. Disparities in health are avoidable to the extent that they stem from identifiable policy options exercised by governments, such as tax policy, regulation of business and labour, welfare benefits and health care funding. It follows that health inequalities are, in principle, amenable to policy interventions. A government that cares about improving the health of the population ought therefore to incorporate considerations of the health impact of alternative options in its policy setting process.3 Interventions to reduce health inequalities are cost effective. Public health programmes that reduce health inequalities can also be cost effective. The case can be made to give priority to such programmes (for example, improving access to cervical cancer screening in low income women) on efficiency grounds. On the other hand, few programmes designed to reduce health inequalities have been formally evaluated using cost effectiveness analysis. We conclude that fairness is likely to be the most influential argument in favour of acting to reduce disparities in health, but the concept of equity is contested and susceptible to different interpretations. There is persuasive evidence for some outcomes that reducing inequalities will diminish "spill over" effects on the health of society at large. In principle, you would expect that differences in health status that are not biologically determined are avoidable. However, the mechanisms giving rise to inequalities are still imperfectly understood, and evidence remains to be gathered on the effectiveness of interventions to reduce such inequalities.  (+info)

Ear infections, conjunctivitis, and bronchitis do not respond to antibiotics. That is the news in three medical articles that disprove the utility of antibiotics for common childhood illnesses.. A landmark study published in Pediatrics has shown that treating ear infections with antibiotics has no benefit when compared to doing nothing (McCormick 2005). In this study 223 children were divided into two groups. One group received antibiotics, the other group received only medicines for symptom relief. The study sought to evaluate several outcomes including (1) parent satisfaction with their childs care, (2) resolution of symptoms, and (3) failure and recurrence rate. The study was limited to nonsevere ear infections. The severity was determined by parents perception of the severity and by examination of the eardrum.. Results of the study were dramatic. Parent satisfaction was equal in the two groups at both 12 days and 30 days after treatment. No difference was observed between the two groups in ...
Common childhood illnesses Illness Symptoms Flu Aching in the joints and muscles, headache, sore throat, high temperature, cough, and feeling weak
Expert advice on how to identify and treat common childhood illnesses at home, as well as the red flags that mean its time to see your paediatrician.
Marchant, J, The effects of different social conditions on breast cancer induction in three genetic types of mice by dibenz(a,h)anthracene and a comparison with breast carcinogenesis by 3-methylcholanthrene. (1967). Subject Strain Bibliography 1967. 1019 ...
Parents, carers and healthcare professionals can access expert advice about common childhood illnesses and how to treat them via a mobile app, called HANDi App. It is free and can be downloaded to any Apple or Android smartphone or tablet.. Developed and approved by Paediatric Consultants here at the RUH, the HANDi App provides expert advice on how best to manage the six most common childhood illnesses; diarrhoea and vomiting, high temperature, chestiness, newborn problems and stomach pain.. The HANDi App aims to give parents and carers more confidence in dealing with minor conditions at home.. Its easy to use as it takes the user through a series of questions about the symptoms their child is experiencing and then advises on the best course of action, whether thats to treat at home, make a GP appointment or to go to A&E.. To download the free HANDi App, please use the following links:. Download from: play.google.com. Download from: itunes.apple.com. ...
This occurs when a child has difficult bowel movements which occur less frequently than normal bowel movements.. What are normal bowel movements?. Normal is different for every child. So, it is a change in your childs normal that suggests a problem. However, generally…. Breastfed babies often pass out runny, yellow poops because breast milk digests better than formula milk. Newborn breastfed babies are likely to poop about 3 to 4 times per day and it is not uncommon to see some older breastfed babies poop only once a week.. Formula fed babies are likely to poop 2 to 3 times per day, depending on the type of formula. Some soy and cow milk formula cause harder bowel movements while hypoallergenic formula is likely to cause looser bowel movements.. As a child grows and starts to eat different kinds of solids, his poop is likely to change in colour, consistency and smell (depending on what his diet consists of). It also becomes less frequent and looks more well formed, just like an adults ...
Almost all children are infected with respiratory syncytial virus by the time they are two. Most recover quickly from cold-like symptoms. But for others, RSV can cause serious lung infections, such as bronchiolitis and pneumonia, ...
A UK lifestyle blog by the owner of Lylia Rose featuring natural beauty, nutrition, food, healthy eating, being green, raw and dark chocolate, family, babies, kids and product reviews!
Aspects of the social environment, including social conditions (socio-economic status, household situations, chronic illnesses) and social relations (attitude and behaviors of relations) are major determinants of depression among women. This study evaluates the relative power of social relations and social conditions in predicting depression among pregnant women in Pakistan. In the qualitative phase of the study, social environmental determinants were identified through literature search, and experts opinions from psychologists, psychiatrists, gynecologists, sociologists and researchers. Along with this, 79 in-depth interviews were conducted with pregnant women drawn from six hospitals (public and private) and two communities in Karachi, Pakistan. Identified determinants of depression were grouped into themes of social conditions and social relations and pregnancy-related concerns. In the studys quantitative phase, the relative power of the identified themes and categories, based on their scores for
Understanding common childhood illnesses help reduce your kids risks of getting sick. Discover more about the most common childhood diseases at NorthShore.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Spatial equity in the distribution of aged care services in Australia. AU - Gibson, Diane. AU - Braun, Peter. AU - Liu, Zhibin. PY - 2002/6/1. Y1 - 2002/6/1. N2 - Geographic characteristics and social conditions in rural and remote areas often mean greater difficulty and costs in terms of providing aged care services. This, in turn, inevitably causes concern over spatial equity in the distribution of aged care services. This paper analyses the distribution of aged care services by four geographic categories: capital cities, other metropolitan areas, rural areas and remote areas.. AB - Geographic characteristics and social conditions in rural and remote areas often mean greater difficulty and costs in terms of providing aged care services. This, in turn, inevitably causes concern over spatial equity in the distribution of aged care services. This paper analyses the distribution of aged care services by four geographic categories: capital cities, other metropolitan areas, rural ...
Young people with disabilities have poorer mental health than their non-disabled peers. However, people with disabilities are more likely than others to experience financial hardship and low social su
People with low incomes and little education are often more exposed to environmental stress than socially advantaged people. Under the heading of
It gave him an idea. I thought I would organize a feast, he told me. The sweeper women would be invited to cook and the big politicians would be invited to eat. I thought it would be a great symbol to break the caste hegemony. We would hold it in the newly built Gandhi Park near the new Gandhi statue.. Friends said he was crazy. But he persuaded a few to help. He approached some sweeper women.. What are you talking about? they said when they heard his plan. How can you possibly think people will come and eat?. I heard their speeches, Satyarthi said.. They laughed. Youre very naïve.. Still, a few agreed to cook a meal. His friends rode their bicycles around town, dropping off invitations at 50 or 60 houses. The response was encouraging. Satyarthi recalled: People said, O.K., good idea, very progressive. Some asked, Can we bring friends?. They planned for 30 guests.. In the evening I saw these sweeper women come to cook, Satyarthi said. They must have washed themselves and ...
There are lots of treatments for common childhood illnesses that have stood the test of time -- some for the wrong reasons. What works and what should you stay away from?
The projected additional cost per year 2018-2036 varies between 8 and 100 USD million depending on the scope of the package and the target coverage. The average annual per capita cost varies from USD 0.72 for expanding routine immunization to USD 8.26 for the expanded immunization plus management of childhood illness.. The implementation of a comprehensive package of both preventive and curative care could avert over 71,000 child deaths over the course of the investment if made universally available (95% coverage), and bring the under-five mortality ratio down from its current level of 69 per 1000 live births by 62%, to reach 51 deaths per 1000 live births. The greatest absolute gains in terms of deaths averted and reduction in mortality rates comes from the management of common childhood illness. This is partially due to the lower starting coverage of these interventions.. ...
Developing sustainable, long-term solutions - Efforts in Africa need to be sustainable to really make a difference. Programs that help to train physicians and other healthcare workers are essential. Africa is home to one-seventh of the worlds population and one-quarter of its disease burden, but only 2% of its doctors. In some places, more than 10,000 people rely on just two doctors. The number of nurses and midwives is equally sparse. Efforts to train healthcare workers at the local level are needed, and working in rural areas will be critical to success. At Novartis, were helping sponsor a variety of trainings, including supporting training centers for health workers and developing e-learning tools for diagnosing and treating common childhood illnesses.. Fostering solutions collaboratively - There are many stakeholders striving to improve healthcare in the African region. This includes national and local government authorities, NGOs and multinationals who employ large numbers of workers. The ...
A deadly form of a common childhood illness has been linked to the mysterious child deaths in Cambodia that sparked alarm after a cause could not immediately be determined, health officials said Monday.
Get prepared for your pregnancy milestones and Big Day! Join us for a leisurely afternoon of sharing sessions by experts in the maternity circuit. Find out on the various Delivery Options, and How Fathers-to-be can be an excellent source of support for his wife and child after delivery. Learn more about Common Childhood Illnesses, and the importance of Bonding With Your Child Through Music, Movement and Play.. Participants also get to savour Confinement Food favourites, and shop for bargains at our mini bazaar!. ...
Unit 1.5 Understand how to support children who are unwell 1.1 identify common childhood illnesses. There are lots of common illnesses that most children
Asthma is among the most common childhood illnesses. Because it affects the lungs, asthma attacks can be triggered by things in the home.
Ear infections are one of the most common childhood illnesses, affecting as many as 50 percent of all children before their first birthday, Boston...
and contradictory nature of social relationships.. II. The contribution which realism makes to the development of our thinking and feeling (identification/empathy) is also a contribution to the development of our consciousness of the social conditions that shape our thinking and feeling.. ….. IX. Realism interrogates the dogmas of the day as they are propagated, honed and defended by dominant social interests in every sphere of life. Realism expands the critical faculties of the public sphere and any instance of it is ultimately part of a broader collective praxis.12). Even more, he uses them, in a way that is reminiscent of Brecht and Heartfield, to drive home, intensify and render inescapable the connection between what is happening in his art, in his studio, in the gallery, and actual political and social struggles occurring in the outside world. Here is the crucial link between content and form in Garners art, with content - as usual- driving the form and here is what really distinguishes ...
The Member States, convinced that man can only achieve the full realization of his aspirations within a just social order, along with economic development and true peace, agree to dedicate every effort to the application of the following principles and mechanisms:. a) All human beings, without distinction as to race, sex, nationality, creed, or social condition, have a right to material well-being and to their spiritual development, under circumstances of liberty, dignity, equality of opportunity, and economic security;. b) Work is a right and a social duty, it gives dignity to the one who performs it, and it should be performed under conditions, including a system of fair wages, that ensure life, health, and a decent standard of living for the worker and his family, both during his working years and in his old age, or when any circumstance deprives him of the possibility of working;. c) Employers and workers, both rural and urban, have the right to associate themselves freely for the defense ...
2000-present download andersons social conditions for the parsing increased growth larva, and for the public governor computer, are limited in two strategies. dispatched by( 2017) On bounded download andersons of audio number of interest interactions. AIChE Journal 63:12, 5258-5266.
The Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE) is an economic research centre within the Department of Economics at Oxford University. CSAE carries out economic research with a particular focus on Africa. Its aim is to improve economic and social conditions in the poorest societies. CSAE researchers often use unique data which give them unrivalled insight into the underlying issues. The resulting policy recommendations address questions in the economic and political spheres as well as in civil society in developing countries. http://www.csae.ox.ac.uk/datasets/main.html ...
CERPAs Economic Development Program facilitates research and policy analysis that promotes higher standards of living and improved economic and social conditions. The program addresses a wide range of economic and social issues, such as the urban-rural divide, higher education and tax incentives, but a particular area of interest is the intersection of environmental, energy and economic policy ...
This is a pure psychology course and will allow you to gain a scientific understanding of the basic processes by which we learn, think, feel and adapt to our social conditions. The course covers both normal and abnormal behavior from infancy to old age, and deals with the biological, social and individual factors that affect human psychology. This course offers you the widest possible choice of modules, which enables you to tailor your study as your interests develop. This course is accredited by the British Psychological Society (BPS) and provides eligible graduates with Graduate Basis for Chartered Membership (GBC).. ...
The emergence of cholera in Haiti once again reminds us of the ferocity with which infectious diseases can strike and of the complex interactions of emerging infectious diseases with social conditions, human migration, and the ecosystem ...
It is held today that children should not just be fed in the right way but that ecological, regional and social conditions should also be taken into account when buying food. What a task for parents who are not, after all, nutritional experts and keep being told by the food industry how good and tailor-made its products are! So it would be a good thing if this article explained the appropriate foods for a child. But youve already guessed it: there is no
Buchbeschreibung Wiley [1967], New York, 1967. orig. cloth Rubbed. Some binding stains. Good. 24x15cm, x, 227 pp., Top page-edge heavily spotted. Contents: Introduction: Some Methodological Problems; Socioeconomic Factors and Discrimination; Competition and Discrimination; Power and Discrimination; Minority Percentage and Discrimination; Conclusions. . Med.Subject : Social Conditions. Discrimination (Psychology Rubbed. Some binding stains. Good. Bestandsnummer des Verk ufers 017903. Weitere Informationen zu diesem Verk ufer , Verk ufer kontaktieren ...
Selections from unpublished records of Government for the years 1748 to 1767 inclusive, relating mainly to the social condition of Bengal, with a map of Calcutta in ...
Get this from a library! Sligo : medical care in the past, 1800-1965. [Patrick J Henry] -- This is a record of the medical care provided in the dispensary areas of County Sligo in the early part of the last century, and a description of the terrible social conditions of that era. The ...
A collection of stories exploring political and social conditions is accompanied by a brief portrait of the life of the distinguished German author
On-line treffit netissä dating additionally supplies a superb means for people with varying social conditions to comply with each other. Internet dating has actually additionally helped folks who are actually shy to discover a date through allowing all of them to create a profile, satisfy various other individuals, and also develop an account in which […]. ...
Learn how to keep your children health during the winter without medication. You can tweet @DruglessDoctor your health questions with #AskDrBob.
The amount of beta-glucan fiber in just a dusting of nutritional yeast a day may be enough to change the course of our immune response to various pathogens.
This study identified important possible factors that lead to inequalities in medical care utilization for childhood diarrhea, fever, and cough in Ethiopia. In this study, household wealth status, maternal education, paternal education, maternal age, childhood age, childhood birth order, and maternal workload were identified as factors leading to inequality in health care utilization.. Household wealth status was consistently associated with the three outcome variables, in other words, medical treatment seeking behaviors for childhood diarrhea, cough, and fever. Mothers from households with the richest, richer, and middle wealth status had higher odds of seeking medical treatment than the ones from the poorest household. This finding is consistent with studies in Uganda and Ethiopia which showed that delays in care seeking for childhood fever were higher in the lowest socio-economic status than in the highest one [14, 15]. Moreover, this finding is in agreement with other studies in developing ...
In addition, it has been argued that levels of 2007; Krajbich et al., 2009). Furthermore, affective and social neuroscience are at stratification and collectivity are promptly perceived by the human brain due to the embodied nature of those types of interacting (Fiske et al., 2009). Additionally, an abundance of empirical evidence in favor of pluralprocesses of embodied cognition could be exp.Automatically and constantly scanning their social environments for these components. Last, provided the proposal that the emotional apparatus involved has early evolutionary origins, the types of behavior that make up these components of social conditions needs to be recognizable inside other species too, and in certain amongst those sitting closest to us on our evolutionary branch.Grid (or stratification) and group (or collectivity) fulfill all these criteria. They are universal aspects of social conditions. When individuals interact, they will behave in accordance with perceived ranking variations as ...
Since 1990, an ordinary Iraqi citizen has been dependant on the food ration[8] and at the same time had increasingly less opportunities to supplement it by purchases on the open market. The portion of income devoted to food increased with the decrease of income. The amount of food consumed by the Iraqi family with an average income in 1993 was only 31.3% of what that family had consumed in 1988[9]. By 1993 an average of 72 % of household incomes were used for the purchase of food[10]. FAO reported[11] in 1995 that the accessibility to food beyond the amounts provided through public rations has been limited by soaring food prices. The report slates that the Family Purchase Power Indicator (FPPI) for Iraq has been in constant decline.[12] Starting at 3.62 in 1990, the FPPI dropped to 0.15 in 1993, and to 0.06 in 1995. The post-1990 FPPI values are well below the 1.25 level which FAO considers as signal of household nutritional deficiency; such a level means that least 80% of a familys income is ...
The Statistical Service of Cyprus is the competent authority responsible for the compilation and the publication of most of the official statistical data in Cyprus
PHNOM PENH, Cambodia - A deadly form of a common childhood illness has been linked to the mysterious child deaths in Cambodia that sparked alarm after a cause could not immediately be determined, health officials said Monday.Lab tests have confirmed that a virulent strain of hand, foot and mouth disease known as EV-71 is to blame for some of the 59 cases reviewed since April, including 52 deaths, according to a joint statement from the World Health Organization and Cambodian Health Ministry.
Vitamin A is essential for the functioning of the human immune system. In industrialized countries, foods like flour or sugar have been fortified with it for decades. But its not the same picture in some developing countries, where children with Vitamin A deficiency run the risk of dying from common childhood illnesses like measles. The cost of ensuring all children receive enough Vitamin A is peanuts: capsules cost just 2 cents each, but improve childrens chances of survival by as much as 25%. This episode of Life looks at the prospects for two very different Vitamin A distribution programs in Ghana and Guatemala, and asks whether the best way to ensure all children have access to the nutrients that can help them lead healthy, fulfilled lives isnt new, genetically-modified crops -- like the experimental Vitamin-A modified golden rice currently being developed in Professor Ingo Potrykus lab in Switzerland, as part of an initiative supported by the Rockefeller Foundation.. The producer of ...
Fever . Fever and red cheeks make me immediately think of fifths disease - also known as slapped cheeks disease. It is caused by a virus called parvovirus b19 and is a very common childhood illness. It is usually harmless and does not require treatment unless the child also has a chronic disease that can predispose them to anemia such as sickle cell anemia. It can also be a concern if a pregnant woman has been exposed to someone with fifths disease. Below ive linked to website with more in-depth information on fifths disease. In the meantime, its important to keep your child comfortable and watch for signs of a more serious infection. red flags that we look for with fever to indicate something more serious is going on are: -fevers that last 5 days or more -fevers persistently above 104f orally -a child that acts very sick - very irritable or difficult to wake -difficulty breathing -vomiting, diarrhea, refusal to drink, or dehydration -a purple rash, esp on the legs (a red lacy rash on the ...
It is normal for kids to contract six to eight colds or other bugs in a year, and this time of year is particularly hard, said Dr. Ketura Talbot, a family practice physician with Mesa Primary Care. Many kids are in school or daycare and not afraid to touch anything they can get their little hands on. Add to that their young bodies, and youve got a perfect vector for spreadable germs. Here, Dr. Talbot discusses four common childhood illnesses parents should know about ...
Hand, foot and mouth disease is a common childhood illness. The symptoms include small, painful blisters on the fingers, palms, toes and soles; and ulcers in the mouth. This photograph shows the small blisters (vesicles) on the feet ...
Fever is common in toddlers and usually resolves on its own. At times, a rash can develop after the fever passes. Causes of a rash after fever in toddlers include roseola, scarlet fever, fifth disease, and hand, foot, and mouth disease. Learn about these common childhood illnesses and when to see a doctor here.
Next, collective efficacy was added as a predictor in the level 3 model (Table 4, model 2). The analysis built in a correction for errors of measurement in this predictor (30). We found collective efficacy to be negatively related to violence (t = −5.95), net of all other effects, and to correspond to a standardized coefficient of −0.45. Hence, after social composition was controlled, collective efficacy was strongly negatively associated with violence. Moreover, the coefficients for social composition were substantially smaller than they had been without a control for collective efficacy. The coefficient for concentrated disadvantage, although still statistically significant, was 0.171 (as compared with 0.277). The difference between these coefficients (0.277 − 0.171 = 0.106) was significant (t = 5.30). Similarly, the coefficients for immigrant concentration and for residential stability were also significantly reduced: The coefficient for immigrant concentration, originally 0.041, was ...
Following due diligence and review of the transaction by relevant Committees, there are three potential outcomes, summarized below with select case studies.. Transaction Approved. Transaction Conditionally Approved Subject to Environmental and Social Conditions. Hydropower in a developing country: Goldman Sachs was asked to arrange a loan facility on behalf of a company developing a hydropower project for the national government. Through our review, we determined an Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) was carried out pursuant to the host countrys law and standards, but did not meet international best practice. We engaged our Corporate Environmental Management team, which includes staff with technical environmental expertise. Working together, we were able to encourage our client to re-perform its ESIA according to IFC Performance Standards which are more stringent than local law in this case. The ESIA confirmed there were no significant environmental issues; however, there were a ...
Abstract The people of Colombia suffer from a deep spiral of internal conflicts and unstable social conditions. The aim of this study is to highlight inequality in Colombia by applying Charles Tillys theory of durable inequality through categorical pairs. A qualitative method is applied in order to gain deeper insight to inequality in Colombia. The essay examines the phenomenon by completing a content analysis. The breakdown is limited to four study categories: gender, crime, health and social stratification. Categorical inequality is further analysed through Tillys four mechanisms: exploitation, adaptation, emulation and opportunity hoarding. A coding scheme is used in order to heighten the reliability and validity. Code entities (study categories) are examined through specific code variables. The method is further improved by reinterpretation of the content and analysis of Tillys mechanisms. Results confirm the serious condition of internal conflicts in Colmbia. Social stratifiction have ...
Introduction. The analysis of pregnancy in Pietro the Fool and Peruonto Mathilde Jourdan Foundations in World Cultures - AHUM 1416-3 Dr. Gabrielle Popoff October 14th 2009 Both short folk stories Pietro the Fool by Giovanfrancesco Straparola and Peruonto by Giambattista Basile tell of a poor, dim and common boy who, upon being insulted by a girl from an upper social class, makes her pregnant by means of magic - and eventually marries her. Both Pietro and Peruonto are luckless heroes whose fortunes are changed by this magic act of conception. The theme of pregnancy reveals a lot about gender roles, social class issues and the kind of patriarchic society the heroes live in. It ties together all kinds of interesting aspects of life in those times. Hence by analyzing these stories, one can get a better idea of the social conditions of the time those characters live in. These tales reflect a male viewpoint in which the hero seeks revenge for the emasculating comments made by a young ...
The referendums outcome leaves the government exposed against peoples will. There is a question openly put: what is the new social condition on which the new, left- wing partys memorandum will be based? The answer is obvious even for the ignorant ones, the ones who voted for
Baldwin encapsulates the problem of whiteness and identifies distrust as a key - distrust of oneself and distrust of others. Recognizing white privilege is a first step to simply being aware of the world and this distrust. Using that privilege to undermine the social relations that create that inequality is a radical act we must take up as white people within this movement if we are to become a real threat to the established order.. Widespread anger at social conditions, periodic rebellions and protests around discrete injustices, isolated movements, various forms of counter-culture, small-scale utopian projects or lifestyle politics always exist, but rarely transform society by themselves. Moments that have transformative potential are products of intense crisis coupled with broad based movements that feed off of each other. We are living through one of these crises now, and the Occupy movement seems to be a first step down what will be a very long road that will hopefully lead to a different ...
20] The United States deep social problems are all the more disturbing because the nation enjoys exceptional per capita wealth among the major western nations (Barro and McCleary; Kasman; PEW; UN Development Programme, 2000, 2004). Spending on health care is much higher as a portion of the GDP and per capita, by a factor of a third to two or more, than in any other developed democracy (UN Development Programme, 2000, 2004). The U.S. is therefore the least efficient western nation in terms of converting wealth into cultural and physical health. Understanding the reasons for this failure is urgent, and doing so requires considering the degree to which cause versus effect is responsible for the observed correlations between social conditions and religiosity versus secularism. It is therefore hoped that this initial look at a subject of pressing importance will inspire more extensive research on the subject. Pressing questions include the reasons, whether theistic or non-theistic, that the ...
20] The United States deep social problems are all the more disturbing because the nation enjoys exceptional per capita wealth among the major western nations (Barro and McCleary; Kasman; PEW; UN Development Programme, 2000, 2004). Spending on health care is much higher as a portion of the GDP and per capita, by a factor of a third to two or more, than in any other developed democracy (UN Development Programme, 2000, 2004). The U.S. is therefore the least efficient western nation in terms of converting wealth into cultural and physical health. Understanding the reasons for this failure is urgent, and doing so requires considering the degree to which cause versus effect is responsible for the observed correlations between social conditions and religiosity versus secularism. It is therefore hoped that this initial look at a subject of pressing importance will inspire more extensive research on the subject. Pressing questions include the reasons, whether theistic or non-theistic, that the ...
By Judson MacLaury The social battles which men have fought ... mark eras in social conditions .... Among these social contests may be classed the efforts of humane men to correct so-called factory evils.¹
Sibling Identity and relationships asks what it means to be a sister or brother, a relationship which has tended to be sidelined in foregrounding parental-child relations. It charts the emotional and social facets to their ongoing constructions, shifts and changes. The authors interestingly combine social constructionist and psychodynamic perspectives as a means of discussing complex, shared, emotions, such as sibling projective identification, connection and separation. Such emotions are seen to be shaped by and respond to varying social conditions and circumstances. In answering the question why siblings? the authors point to the significance of siblings for our sense of self, whether that self be constructed as similar to or vastly different from our sisters and brothers.. Each author positions herself by disciplinary background as well as by sibling status: in the rehearsal and displacement of oldest, middle and youngest child syndrome myths, many other readers may well consider ...
represents changes in social conditions of individuals (like fertility rates or literacy levels), attitudes of individuals (such as the level of materialism/postmaterialism of a society from the World Value Survey), and the social organization of people (such as the status of women ...
The article presents an overview of the economic and social conditions in Turkey between 1960 and 2009. It mentions the increase of gross domestic product (GDP) in the country by 726% within the said period. It notes the increase of unemployment from 9.5% in 1960 to 14.0% in 2009. A brief information about the country is also provided including its head of state, foreign minister, and trade partners ...
Sadly, WHO statistics show that 11 percent of children living in the world are born to teens aged 15-19 years. When we look at the study closely, we find that women who delivered a child before their 20th birthday mostly have grown up in lower-income families, under adverse social conditions and minimal education. On top of all these, bearing a child denies a woman of her education and career growth resulting in stress and financial crunches as well. Stress can have a toll on a persons overall well-being and needs to be controlled before it devastates the individual. Read more on ways to curb stress at www.firsteatright.com ...
Chairman: Rita Abril from the Portuguese Family Medicine Society (APMGF). Prof Orozco-Beltran presented different and innovative strategies for NCDs including population based methods for stratification according to the level of patient risk, the use of telemedicine and the importance of empowerment and shared decision making. Dr Luis Galvez presented a case from clinical practice, an old person affected by diabetes and depression, with pharmacological treatment and need for self-care, family care, and community care. Dr Joao Sequeira-Carlos talked about the implications of the new NCDs strategies in clinical practice including the overuse of emergency departments. Dr Mikel Duncan discussed different issues such as multimorbidity and comorbidity, integrated care, continuity of care or integrated care and also about the influence of social conditions on health ...
[scald=11896:sdl_editor_representation {link:}] The Epilepsy Foundation is proud to be the American partner for the International Bureau for Epilepsy (IBE). The IBE is the recognized international umbrella body representing national epilepsy organizations that have a specific interest in improving the social condition and quality of life for people living with epilepsy and
President Obama launched his My Brothers Keeper initiative Thursday, calling on public and private entities to create more opportunities for young minority men and break down social conditions that keep them impoverished and imprisoned in disproportionate numbers.Shortly after the announcement, senior White House adviser Valerie Jarrett appeared on The OReilly Factor to discuss the gangsta culture perpetrated by the rappers children idolize
The environmental and social conditions that indigenous communities interact with the external environment are characterized by a constantly increasing degree of complexity. The interaction between different cultures can be considered a multifaceted process of negotiation. It is well acknowledged that the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) for indigenous cultural preservation and revitalization can lead to several challenges. In this context, Indigenous Knowledge (IK) represents a critical resource that needs to be focused towards specific processes and governance activities. The early efforts in knowledge management were on technologies to store, capture, and distribute knowledge, while the focus at present has shifted to make explicit, the tacit knowledge, but the development is more conceptual than practical. This study focuses on exploring the patterns of Indigenous Knowledge Management (IKM) and the supporting of a governance system of communities. Based on generic ...
Does this search for a better lifestyle give them a better life? The environmental and social conditions they live in provide the status of living in Mumbai but have they in any way been uplifted to a better living standard? Are they more secure, or financially better off or healthier? Can these answers be affirmative? Ill share a story about the domestic-help working in my local community - a migrant from Rajasthan. When asked how secure he was in this city. He replied candidly, We have our own people staying together and if there is any need we rely on them. On being asked what he did with the money he earned and where did he save/deposit his savings, he replied I take all my savings back home and save there. Does this confirm that theyre secure and have a better life in villages? ...
Births for Albania from European Communities, EUROSTAT for the Eurostat - Population and social conditions release. This page provides forecast and historical data, charts, statistics, news and updates for Albania Births.
at home, having one-to-one care and the local GP visiting if there was a problem. Indeed, since the continued medicalisation of childbirth we are constantly bombarded with the ever increasing numbers of assisted or operative births. Therefore, birth within a consultant led maternity unit is now the norm. There is little doubt that the challenges faced daily by those at the coalface are also increasing, and there are women with medical, physical and social conditions who require highly complex care that is now provided in maternity units. We need modern midwives to respond to this demand, and so far they do. It could be argued that we have lost sight of the basic skills midwives relied upon in the past.1 However, these skills have been replaced with an enormous range of new and equally important ones that suit childbirth in the 21st Century.. Despite several significant government reports, beginning with Changing Childbirth in 1993,2 looking at normalising birth and another led by Dame ...
This paper describes 211 of the oldest old, 90 years or older, in a broad perspective based upon well-being, living conditions and the living situation during a period of two and a half years. The subjects were interviewed, and at the first contact four out of live old persons were living in their own homes, 66% regarded themselves as healthy...
Keeping your child healthy is a big job! Read all about common childhood aches, pains, and illnesses, plus how to take care of your childs body from teeth to toes.
Keeping your child healthy is a big job! Read all about common childhood aches, pains, and illnesses, plus how to take care of your childs body from teeth to toes.
Did you know that by just renovating your windows you could potentially increase not only the value of your home but the living conditions as well?
Sedition and chaos will start from them and will also return to them." Social conditions The social condition would be such ... "Social Conditions". An overview of the Mahdis Government. "Economic Conditions". An overview of the Mahdis Government. " ... Religious Conditions Muhammad in one of his hadith, narrates the religious condition of Islam saying that it will be such that ... Economic Conditions With frequent wars, corruption, and bad governance, the economic condition will globally decline. Scarce ...
Skinner, Anthea (24 June 2011). "Intersex conditions; a social paradox". Australian Broadcasting Corporation Ramp Up. Official ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) http://fcmc.org.au/ "The Audio Pollen Social Club @ 199 Boundary Street, West End, ...
Le Séquoia - Siège social - Fret 7. Zone de Fret 7 - Bât. Le Séquoia 15 rue du Haut de Laval BP 14454 Tremblay-en-France 95708 ... "Terms and conditions." Paris Aéroport. Retrieved on 16 May 2018. "Registered office is located at 1 rue de France 93290 ...
... conditions of service; accommodation and food; occupational safety and health protection; medical care and social security. It ... The objectives of the Convention is to ensure that fishers have decent conditions of work on board fishing vessels with regard ... social security; and protection in the case of work-related sickness, injury or death (through a system for fishing vessel ...
The ministry has four key priorities: Stronger Indigenous Relationships; Improved Social Conditions; Economic Opportunity and ...
Testing may be justifiable in the light of the medical facts; the employment conditions; social policy; the fair distribution ... The purpose of the Basic Conditions of Employment Act is to advance economic development by providing basic conditions of ... the employment conditions; social policy; the fair distribution of employee benefits; the inherent requirements of the job; and ... and the setting of minimum conditions of employment in the Basic Conditions of Employment Act. The fourth mechanism of ...
... the employment conditions; social policy; the fair distribution of employee benefits; the inherent requirements of the job; and ...
The Social Welfare and Community Development department coordinates and promotes social development programs and policies to ... "Average Conditions Accra, Ghana". BBC Weather. May 2011. Archived from the original on 21 October 2006. Retrieved 9 September ... "AMA - Social Welfare & Community Development". ama.gov.gh. "AMA - Disaster Management & Prevention". ama.gov.gh. "AMA - Food & ... the Assembly Advise on setting out approved plans for future development of land at the district level Advise on the conditions ...
"General Terms And Conditions". Prime Star Auctions. Retrieved 2014-07-30. Rogers, Kara. "Stanley Milgram AMERICAN SOCIAL ... Some plants are in reality inmates or prisoners of war who have been promised better treatment and conditions in return for ...
Polzin, Theresita (1973). "Social and economic conditions". The Polish Americans: whence and whither. Pulaski, WI: Franciscan ... together with a survey of its social, political, and economic conditions to-day. Boston: L. C. Page. OCLC 297270814. Retrieved ... In the late 1960s and 1970s, Americans of Polish descent felt a new low in their social status. Polish Americans were seen as ... It then focused more on its fraternal roles such as social activities for its membership. By the 1980s it focused on its ...
... social and economic conditions; religion and politics in the Middle East; Palestine in history and today; ecumenism, and ...
Resettlement Indigenous peoples Labour and working conditions Public health Cultural heritage Environmental and social issues ... The construction of a dam, power plant and reservoir creates social and physical changes in the surrounding area. As a result, ... A Protocol assessment does not replace an environmental and social impact assessment (ESIA), which takes place over a much ... "Environmental and Social Issues". Hydropower Sustainability Tools. Retrieved 2019-09-20. "Biodiversity and Invasive Species". ...
Dennis, G (December 1993). "Social conditions of Nicaragua". The Library of Congress. Retrieved 2007-05-09. "Nicaragua: ... "Social indicators: Per capita GDP". United Nations. Retrieved 2007-05-09. "Field Listing :: GDP - composition, by sector of ... They engaged in a systematic campaign of terror among the rural Nicaraguan population to disrupt the social reform projects of ... The restrictive tax measures put in place in 2019 and a political crisis over social security negatively affected the country's ...
The biological, psychological, and social categories have expanded into bigger categories: specifically, the social aspect has ... Acupuncture in Neurological Conditions. Churchhill Livingstone. pp. 39-51. doi:10.1016/B978-0-7020-3020-8.00003-5. ISBN 978-0- ... "The Bio-Psycho-Social Model". MentalHelp.Net. American Addiction Centers. Retrieved 18 April 2019. Gatchel, Robert J.; Haggard ... Instead, the individual mind (psychological and social factors) plays a significant role in how an illness is caused and how it ...
This estimation did not factor in the additional savings due to reduced strain on police, judicial and social service systems, ... Outside access to, and information regarding the conditions of prisons in Cuba following its political revolution in the 1950s ... SpearIt (2016). "Keeping It REAL: Why Congress Must Act to Restore Pell Grant Funding for Prisoners". Social Science Research ... "Prisons: re-offending, costs and conditions". Full Fact. February 8, 2016. Archived from the original on March 21, 2018. Quan- ...
"Population and social conditions". www.ec.europa.eu/eurostat. Eurostat. Archived from the original on 3 April 2015. Retrieved ... Middlewich and Winsford where teams representing neighbourhoods/villages and/or pubs/social clubs ('pub teams') compete. The ...
War correspondents 2000-2005.....Social work. Social welfare services 2020-2029.....Recreation and information service 1-1661 ... Merchant marine 15-124.........History, conditions, etc. 321-369.8.....Harbors. Ports 381-397........Signaling 401-529........ ...
However, poor health and economic conditions are also considered instances of positive checks. When these lead to high rates of ... Malthusianism has been linked to a variety of political and social movements, but almost always refers to advocates of ... Engels wrote that poverty and poor living conditions in 1844 had largely disappeared. Fogel, Robert W. (2004). The Escape from ... Oxford World's Classics reprint Engels, Fredrick (1892). The Condition of the Working-Class in England in 1844. London: Swan ...
SMQs are groupings of terms that relate to a defined medical condition or area of interest. SMQs are developed to facilitate ... Social circumstances; Surgical and medical procedures; Vascular disorders; Product issues HLGT - 337 HLT - 1737 PT - 24289 LLT ... and perinatal conditions; Psychiatric disorders; Renal and urinary disorders; Reproductive system and breast disorders; ... General disorders and administration site conditions; Hepatobiliary disorders; Immune system disorders; Infections and ...
"Social Structure and Social Change in Germany") Lucius und Lucius, Stuttgart 7th edition 2002 Clark, Colin (1940) Conditions of ... Fourastié, Jean (1949). Le grand espoir du XXe siècle: Progrès technique, progrès économique, progrès social (in French). Paris ... Fisher, Allan G. B. (1946). Economic Progress And Social Security. London: Macmillan. Retrieved 2019-07-14. Colin Clark (1940 ... Progrès technique, progrès économique, progrès social. Presses Universitaires de France, Paris 1949 (The 20th century's Great ...
... ignoring social and economic conditions. His goal is: for social equity to take on the same "status as economy and efficiency ... "a theory of social equity and put it forward as the "third pillar" of public administration." Frederickson was concerned that ...
Conditions Proposed by Outside Sources , APA DSM-5 Bonanno GA, Wortman CB, Lehman DR, Tweed RG, Haring M, Sonnega J, Carr D, ... International Journal of Social Psychiatry 2010;56:288-297. Prigerson H, Ahmed I, Silverman GK, et al. Rates and risks of ... The DSM-5 has now included Persistent complex bereavement disorder as a diagnosis under conditions for further study. Following ... Although more research is needed to determine the multiple pathways to complicated grief disorder, preexisting conditions (such ...
"Population and Social Conditions: Demography". Hellenic Statistical Authority. Retrieved 6 January 2017. 1932-1940 and 1955- ... United Nations in collaboration with the Department of Social Affairs. 1949. Retrieved 6 February 2017. " ... social coalitions and party strategies in Greece, 1922-1936. University of California Press. p. 247. ISBN 9780520043589. In any ...
... social scientist Sanford Braver states that the bad divorced dad image is a myth that has led to harmful and dangerous social ... Members of the fathers' rights movement state that child support should be terminated under certain conditions, such as if the ... Social scientist V. C. McLoyd states that father absence covaries with other relevant family characteristics such as the lack ... Members tend to be politically conservative but do not share a single set of political or social views and are highly diverse ...
"Tehrān - Administration and social conditions". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-09-03. "آشنایی با دانشگاه تهران". ... At the end of the twentieth century, more than one-third of all jobs in Tehran were related to social and personal services, ...
"Armenia - Administration and social conditions". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 22 May 2019. Gatrell, Peter (22 May 2019 ...
Clinical Social Work Journal, 27, 71-86. Foelsch, P. A. & Kernberg, O. F. (1998). Transference-Focused Psychotherapy for ... Borderline conditions and pathological narcissism, New York, Jason Aronson, 1975 Object relations theory and clinical ... Kernberg, O.F. (1975). Borderline Conditions and Pathological Narcissism.. New York: Aronson. Kernberg, O.F. (1976). Object ... Kernberg, O. (1975). Borderline conditions and pathological narcissism. New York: Jason Aronson Kernberg, Otto F., Severe ...
Mejer, Lene; Boateng, Sadi q Kwesi; Turchetti, Paolo (2010). "Population and social conditions" (PDF). Statistics in Focus. ... "Statistical Service - Population and Social Conditions - Population Census - Announcements - Preliminary Results of the Census ... "Politics, Social Memory, and Identity in Greek Cyprus since 1974". cyprus-conflict.net. Archived from the original on 5 June ... In 1915, Britain offered Cyprus to Greece, ruled by King Constantine I of Greece, on condition that Greece join the war on the ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) John Andrew Tully (2011). The Devil's Milk: A Social History of Rubber. NYU Press. pp. ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Steve Scott; John Saylor (10 September 2010). Combat Conditioning. Turtle Press ...
It appears that the social order of the country had been similar to that prevailing in the rest of the world, until 1782, when ... Icarian Community; Cabet, Étienne (1854). Conditions of admission. Nauvoo, IL, US: Icarian Printing Establishment. OCLC ... In an attempt to put his economic and social theories into practice, Cabet led his followers to the United States of America in ... Upon his return he began writing a book to expound his economic and social ideas, following the example of Thomas More and ...
... allowing ions to traverse under certain conditions through the axolemma), the fast-acting sodium and the inward-rectifying ... Social cognitive neuroscience. Interdisciplinary. fields. *Consumer neuroscience. *Cultural neuroscience. *Educational ...
Head of Naval Social Service. *Directorate of Naval Service Conditions. *Director of Naval Service Conditions ...
The conditions are as follows: *The foreign purchaser has to submit a statement to the EPA stating it knows the product is not ... any risk that is unreasonable to man or the environment that takes social, economic, and environmental costs as well as ... Pesticides intended for export to other parts of the world do not have a registration requirement under certain conditions. ... Successfully registered pesticides must conform to approved uses and conditions of use, which the registrant must state on the ...
Medical conditions. There are a number of medications and other health problems that can predispose to diabetes.[44] Some of ... Moscou, Susan (2013). "Getting the word out: advocacy, social marketing, and policy development and enforcement". In Truglio- ... Type 1 and type 2 diabetes were identified as separate conditions for the first time by the Indian physicians Sushruta and ... a condition of very high blood sugar associated with a decreased level of consciousness and low blood pressure).[13] ...
Today, unions are usually formed for the purpose of securing improvement in pay, benefits, working conditions, or social and ... Social Unionism encompasses many unions that use their organizational strength to advocate for social policies and legislation ... "Social Democratic Party of Germany". ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA. 2017 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.. *^ Fulton, L. (2015). "Trade ... The Crisis of Social Democratic Trade Unionism in Western Europe: The Search for Alternatives (Routledge, 2016). ...
... eating is in fact the primary purpose of a social gathering. At many social events, food and beverages are made available to ... Physiologically, eating is generally triggered by hunger, but there are numerous physical and psychological conditions that can ... Sharia and Social Engineering: p 143, R. Michael Feener - 2013 *^ FOOD & EATING IN MEDIEVAL EUROPE - Page 73, Joel T. Rosenthal ... Another possible explanation would be that obese individuals do not eat more than the others while having meals due to social ...
While there, enjoying a whirlwind social life, she met the playwright George S. Kaufman, who was in a strong but open marriage ... That same year, suffering from a chronic heart condition, she moved to a small cottage on the grounds of the Motion Picture & ...
Most Americans used CAM to treat and/or prevent musculoskeletal conditions or other conditions associated with chronic or ... Perspectives from social science and law. London and New York: Routledge. pp. 271-91.. ... This may be due to a natural recovery from the illness, or a fluctuation in the symptoms of a long-term condition.[119] The ... Social factors. Authors have speculated on the socio-cultural and psychological reasons for the appeal of alternative medicines ...
The reason for these issues is that tit for tat is not a subgame perfect equilibrium, except under knife-edge conditions on the ... Moreover, the tit-for-tat strategy has been of beneficial use to social psychologists and sociologists in studying effective ... In its usage in the Wikipedia article, knife-edge conditions is referring to the fact that very rarely, only when a specific ... resolution and many aspects of applied social science.[3] ... condition is met and, for instance, X, equals a specific value ...
... vastly different climatic conditions, many types of soil, and thousands of animal and plant species. ...
Without plowing, seeds germinate well on the surface if site conditions meet the needs of the seeds placed there. Fukuoka used ... "Social Practice Artwork: A Restaurant and Garden Serving up Connections to Urban Nature". The Nature of Cities. Retrieved 2017 ... Though many of his plant varieties and practices relate specifically to Japan and even to local conditions in subtropical ... Adjust the foods you grow based on your local climate and conditions ...
Conditions at the Viet Cong camp were basic and food scarce.[121] As Sihanouk's government cracked down on the movement in ... Under the leadership of Pol Pot, the Khmer Rouge had a policy of state atheism.[279] Buddhist monks were viewed as social ... Ben Kiernan, "Social Cohesion in Revolutionary Cambodia", Australian Outlook, December 1976.. *Ben Kiernan, "Vietnam and the ... albeit one that had been adapted to Cambodian conditions.[404] According to key Khmer Rouge figure Khieu Samphan, a key concept ...
... contemporary political and social conditions are woven into the action in a manner more detailed and more real than had been ... The condition was diagnosed and named in 1979 by Italian psychiatrist Dr. Graziella Magherini, who had noticed similar ... the social stratification, and the economic circumstances of a perfectly definite historical moment, namely, that in which ... psychosomatic conditions (racing heart beat, nausea and dizziness) amongst first-time visitors to the city. ...
... of the CCP as a condition of their continued existence.[4] The Chinese political system allows for the participation of some ...
Schools, businesses and social organisations were closed.[157] The initial response was led by Congolese doctors, including ... His condition worsened and he returned to the hospital on 28 September, where he died on 8 October. Health officials confirmed ... Detrick for study by the Army's veterinary pathologists and virologists, and eventual disposal under safe conditions.[247] ... has not been documented in either laboratory or natural conditions.[3] Semen or breast milk of a person after recovery from EVD ...
Robbins Schug, Gwen (2012). "A peaceful realm? Trauma and social differentiation at Harappa". International Journal of ... Condition. Ruined. Ownership. Pakistan. Public access. Yes. Website. www. .harappa. .com. Harappa (Punjabi pronunciation: [ ... and diversified social and economic system, was rediscovered in the 1920s also after excavations at Mohenjo-daro in Sindh near ...
Conditions in the facilities[edit]. Workers in the Shayang Re-education Through Labor camp; photo from the archives of the ... "China says social care helps lower crime rate among ex-convicts". Xinhua News Agency. 17 January 2009. Retrieved 23 February ... A 1997 report in China's Legal Daily hailed re-education through labor as a means to "maintain social peace and prevent and ... Though most reports describe the conditions of re-education camps as "brutal,"[46] there are some claims of prisoners being ...
This technique promises to allow clinicians to evaluate various mental and psychiatric conditions. ... Social cognitive neuroscience. Interdisciplinary. fields. *Consumer neuroscience. *Cultural neuroscience. *Educational ...
As described by social psychologists David Dunning and Justin Kruger, the cognitive bias of illusory superiority results from ... referring to a neurological condition in which a disabled person either denies or seems unaware of his or her disability. He ... Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. American Psychological Association. 77 (6): 1121-1134. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.64.2655 ... Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. American Psychological Association. 90 (1): 60-77. doi:10.1037/0022-3514.90.1.60 ...
Unlike Medicare, Medicaid is a means-tested, needs-based social welfare or social protection program rather than a social ... If a condition requiring treatment is discovered during an oral screening, the state is responsible for paying for this service ... The Social Security Amendments of 1965 created Medicaid by adding Title XIX to the Social Security Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 1396 et ... Not only do social norms within the state affect its determination of AFDC payment levels, but regional norms will affect a ...
... and are social animals preferring to congregate in groups or flocks of varying sizes. This species is the main ancestor of most ... these hybrids are less well adapted to the peculiar ecological conditions of Laysan Island than the local ducks, and thus have ... under simulated naturalistic imprinting conditions". Journal of Comparative Psychology. 104 (2): 190-194. doi:10.1037/0735- ...
In some instances (at least the Tlingit), they developed social stratification, slavery, and complex social structures such as ... and because the average lifespan was shorter than the age of common onset of these conditions.[121][122] ... Social organization[edit]. Some of this article's listed sources may not be reliable. Please help this article by looking for ... The social organization of the earliest Paleolithic (Lower Paleolithic) societies remains largely unknown to scientists, though ...
Luce, R. D. (2001). "Conditions equivalent to unit representations of ordered relational structures". Journal of Mathematical ... the committee concluded that measurement in the social sciences was impossible due to the lack of concatenation operations. ... the freezing and boiling point of water at specific conditions) and then separated into 100 intervals, date when measured from ...
Ronald J. Berger (2002). Fathoming the Holocaust: A Social Problems Approach. Transaction Publishers. p. 57-8. ISBN 0202366111 ... David Cesarani emphasises the improvised, haphazard nature of Nazi policies in response to changing war time conditions in his ...
In favourable conditions, this distance is as little as 9 m (30 ft), but can be as large as 1,600 m (5,200 ft) in poor habitat. ... The three distinct social groups are the female herds, the bachelor herds, and the territorial bulls. They are fast runners, ... During the breeding season, the male loses condition as he spends little time grazing.[15] Males are known to mount other males ... Male black wildebeest have been reported to mate with female blue wildebeest and vice versa.[11] The differences in social ...
Many skin conditions can mimic acne vulgaris, and these are collectively known as acneiform eruptions.[28] Such conditions ... It may result in psychological and social problems.[20] Scars[edit]. Acne scars are caused by inflammation within the dermis ... Genetics is the primary cause of acne in 80% of cases.[2] The role of diet and cigarette smoking in the condition is unclear, ... The costs and social impact of acne are substantial. In the United States, acne vulgaris is responsible for more than 5 million ...
In contrast, no errors occurred within the subitizing range (i.e., 1-4 disks), in either the 10 s or 60 s conditions.[17] ... social security numbers, number plates, etc.) into groups ranging from 2 to 5 digits separated by spaces, dots, dashes, or ... observers made consistent enumeration errors in both the 10 s and 60 s conditions. ...
Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. (June 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template ... Discomfort and social embarrassment are some of the main concerns when using tools such as this. ...
Driscoll, Killian (2006). The early prehistory in the west of Ireland: Investigations into the social archaeology of the ... with disagreements over whether technology improves the human condition or worsens it. Neo-Luddism, anarcho-primitivism, and ... MacKenzie, Donald A.; Wajcman, Judy (1999). "Introductory Essay". The Social Shaping of Technology (2nd ed.). Buckingham: Open ... Solutionism is the ideology that every social issue can be solved thanks to technology and especially thanks to the internet. ...
During the 14th century, a favorable confluence of conditions allowed Lagoa to develop rapidly.[5] Yet, the events of the 1755 ... All the parishes have obtained the social designation of towns (Portuguese: vila), although they administratively govern a ... its social stability, and the friendliness of its citizens. ...
Experts talking about the coronavirus pandemic call for social distancing, self-quarantine and flattening the curve. What do ... What is social distancing? The practice of social distancing means staying home and away from others as much as possible to ... Health Home Conditions and Diseases What Is Coronavirus? Coronavirus, Social and Physical Distancing and Self-Quarantine. ... As noted above, "social distancing" is a term that was used earlier in the pandemic as many people stayed home to help prevent ...
Honduras has experienced a long history of changing social conditions, beginning with the bands of foragers in ancient times, ... and much of the earliest period conditions were shaped by its division into unequally represented social groups, in which some ... Honduras faces enormous challenges in the areas of crime and human rights and improving overall economic and living conditions ... Post colonial Honduras continued many of the colonial social structures and institutions, with major additions in the late ...
Older adults who are lonely or socially isolated are at greater risk for serious medical conditions. Here are resources to help ... Social isolation is a lack of social connections. Social isolation can lead to loneliness in some people, while others can feel ... Social isolation was associated with about. a 50% increased risk of dementia and other. serious medical conditions. ... People generally are social by nature, and high-quality social relationships can help them live longer, healthier lives. Health ...
Manifestations of social conditioning are vast, but they are generally categorized as social patterns and social structures ... Such repetition contributes to basic social conditioning. Ivan Pavlov demonstrated this theory with his infamous conditioned ... Social conditioning bases its principals on the natural need for an animal to be a part of a pack. Sigmund Freud, known as the ... Social conditioning is directly related to the particular culture that one is involved in. In You May Ask Yourself, Dalton ...
Social Behaviours under Anaerobic Conditions in Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Masanori Toyofuku, Hiroo Uchiyama, and Nobuhiko Nomura ... J. W. Schertzer, S. A. Brown, and M. Whiteley, "Oxygen levels rapidly modulate Pseudomonas aeruginosa social behaviours via ...
... health and social conditions. Environmental justice - Environment, health and social conditions. Click to enlarge. Where we ... health and social conditions. Submenu Environmental justice - Environment, health and social conditions. ... Building air conditioning. *Moble air conditioning in cars, buses and railway vehicles. Submenu Moble air conditioning in cars ... Environmental justice - Environment, health and social conditions , Umweltbundesamt. Umweltbundesamt Meta-Navigation*High ...
Those infections, he said, were linked more to the home and social aspects of workers lives rather than the conditions ... Azar faulted workers home and social conditions for meatpacking outbreaks. On a call with members of Congress, health ... Similarly, the crowded conditions for workers in meat and poultry processing facilities could result in high risk for SARS-CoV- ... The CDC in a report issued on Friday similarly attributed the outbreaks at least in part to the crowded conditions inside the ...
... social mobility is much slower than many of us believe, or want to believe. This is true in Sweden, a social welfare state; ... From that moment he began resisting the system, subverting it in the ways of a child, fighting the very social order that ... The argument grew heated, until threats were uttered of a "social boycott" - an age-old practice of ostracism, one of the most ... Readers of Fixes know that our primary mission each week is to highlight strategies that work to effect social change and ...
Social conditions 43 History 39 Race relations 22 Racism 15 SOCIAL SCIENCE more ... 11 Ethnic Studies 10 African American ... Economic conditions 8 HISTORY 8 Race identity 7 Civilization 7 Politics and government 6 Social aspects 5 Discrimination & Race ... Showing 1 - 20 results of 78 for search African Americans Social conditions. Skip to content Social conditions., query time: 0.95s ...
... AN OVERVIEW SUBMITTED BY THE UN SYSTEM TO THE SECURITY COUNCIL PANEL ON ... In this regard, there is no reliable data to be used for comparison of social conditions of refugees before and after 1991. ... The prevailing living conditions in Iraq have resulted in serious impairments of the most important conditions for childrens ... The deterioration of sanitation and health conditions as a result of the overall conditions of the environment supporting them ...
However, people with disabilities are more likely than others to experience financial hardship and low social su ... The mental health of young people with disabilities: impact of social conditions. ... Gannon B, Nolan B (2006) The dynamics of disability and social inclusion in Ireland. The Economic and Social Research Institute ... However, this relationship was moderated by both social adversity and social support, with minimal differences in mental health ...
Social conditioning also teaches us to keep our perspective small in time and space. When do TV characters ever take on a ... You will permanently recognize the trivial as trivial, and no amount of social conditioning will be strong enough to shrink ... What Lies Beyond the Haze of Social Conditioning?. March 24, 2006 , 3 ... These characters condition you to do the same, and you probably dont even realize that theres an alternative. If the media ...
"Social Conditions" by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year, and whether "Social Conditions" was a major or minor topic ... "Social Conditions" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Social Conditions" by people in Profiles. ... Below are MeSH descriptors whose meaning is more general than "Social Conditions". ...
Social Anxiety Disorder at Medical City Dallas Main Page Risk Factors Symptoms ... ... What are the risk factors for social anxiety disorder?What are the symptoms of social anxiety disorder?How is social anxiety ... Terms & Conditions , Privacy Policy , Social Media Policy. Acceptable Use Policy , HCA Nondiscrimination Notice , Accessibility ... Terms & Conditions , Privacy Policy , Social Media Policy. Acceptable Use Policy , HCA Nondiscrimination Notice , Accessibility ...
Study reveals that social media portal can help you overcome mental health problems or it may worsen the situation. ... Social Media Portal Like Facebook May Help Improve or Worsen Mental Health Conditions. ... She said that social media like Facebook could provide a source of social support and connection that were important for ... Using the social media network can help people overcome mental health problems, however, it needs to be used strategically for ...
Working Conditions in Pariss Small Textile Workshops . While major principals and media players turn their eyes to non-OECD ... countries to check CSR compliance issues, sector-specific social risks can still be... ... Corporate Social Responsibility - Working Conditions in Pariss .... Corporate Social Responsibility - Working Conditions in ... No comments were found for Corporate Social Responsibility - Working Conditions in Pariss Small Textile Workshops . Be the ...
Simon, A. F., et al. A simple assay to study social behavior in Drosophila.: measurement of social space within a group. Genes ... Conditions Affecting Social Space in Drosophila melanogaster. J. Vis. Exp. (105), e53242, doi:10.3791/53242 (2015). ... A) Social plass kamre med forskjellige dimensjoner kan konstrueres ved hjelp av samme glassrutene (17,6 cm x 17,6 cm x 0,3 cm) ... social behaviour. Behav Brain Res. 252, 450-457 (2013).. *Mogilner, A., Edelstein-Keshet, L., Bent, L., Spiros, A. Mutual ...
The Table shows to the European Union Statistics on Income and Living Conditions the income distribution (equivalised net ... Living conditions, risk of poverty. Community Statistics on Income and Living Conditions (EU-SILC) ...
Other teachers on social media are doing the same. ... Times asked teachers to share what their classroom conditions ... Teachers Take to Social Media to Show Their Poor Classroom Conditions By Hannah Sarisohn on April 16, 2018 4:37 PM ... Teachers on social media are also sharing photos of the poor conditions of their schools. And at protests at different state ... The New York Times asked teachers to share the conditions of what their classrooms look like, and how much of their own money ...
Social, Psychological, and Physical Conditions. Ed. by Frick, Dieter / Hoefert, Hans W. / Legewie, Heiner / Mackensen, Rainer ... In Quality of Urban Life: Social, Psychological, and Physical Conditions (pp. 13-18). https://doi.org/10.1515/9783110884968.13 ...
... in addressing grievances of all sections of the Muslim society with particular focus on ameliorating their social conditions ... PM Modi promises support to Muslims in improving their social conditions Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday promised his ... The Prime Minister promised his "complete assistance in ameliorating their social conditions and addressing their educational ... Mulayam Singh Yadavs condition stable, says Lucknow hospital; SP patriarch tests negative for COVID-19 The hospital director ...
It is validated with a real dataset from an online social network, Digg.com. The simulation shows that the logistic model with ... In this paper we develop a non-autonomous diffusive logistic model with indefinite weight and the Robin boundary condition to ... have become a major source of information exchange and research on information diffusion in social networks has been ... the Robin boundary condition is able to more accurately predict the density of influenced users. We study the bifurcation, ...
... but whats important is the severity and prognosis of a condition and the limitations it causes. ... Home Disability & Workers Compensation Social Security Disability Social Security Disability Survey Statistics: What We Learned ... Social Security statistics show a similar pattern of legal representation at the hearing stage.) Their lawyers would have made ... According to Social Security data, in half of all approved disability claims, applicants received benefits only after the ...
The employed also have better social networks and higher inter-human trust than the unemployed and disabled. ... social capitalOrganisations and memberships, Religion and life stance , Living conditions , Culture and recreation, Social ... Results from the Survey of Living Conditions EU- SILC 2014 indicate high organisational activity, strong social ties and great ... Find detailed figures from Activity in organisations, political participation and social networks, survey on living conditions ...
The survey of health, care and social relations and living conditions is, starting from 2015, integrated in the European Health ... The Survey of living conditions has two main purposes. One is to shed light on the main aspects of the living conditions in ... Find detailed figures for Health, care and social relations, survey on living conditions ... Name: Health, care and social relations, survey on living conditions. Topic: Health ...
The sample consisted of adults from Wave 1 of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, 2957 of ... Cannabis use disorders (CUD) are highly comorbid with social anxiety disorder (SAD), and SAD may be a risk factor for cannabis ... cannabis use disorders and social anxiety disorder in the National Epidemiological Study of Alcohol and Related Conditions ( ...
Federal Charges Allege Captors Held Adults with Disabilities in Subhuman Conditions to Carry out Social Security Fraud. First ... As part of the scheme, Weston persuaded each victim to make her the designated recipient of their Social Security disability ... "The FBI, along with the U.S. Attorneys Office, the Philadelphia Police Department and the Social Security Administration ... "The Office of the Inspector General investigates many cases involving the misuse of Social Security benefits by representative ...
... has been deemed admissible for further investigation by the European Committee of Social Rights through a decision adopted on ... It states that poor conditions and other issues on housing estates violate key articles of the Revised European Social Charter ... Collective Complaint on Appalling Housing Conditions in Ireland Deemed Admissible by European Committee of Social Rights. ... poor maintenance and pyrite among many dire conditions. Independent medical evidence shows that these conditions are having ...
  • If you have applied or are going to apply to Social Security for Disability benefits, Ms. Abrams is definitely the way to go. (sheriabrams.com)
  • If you're suffering from heart disease or another type of cardiac condition and can no longer work, you might be entitled to social security disability benefits. (hankeylawoffice.com)
  • If the symptoms are related to a disease or illness that affects your ability to perform your job, you could qualify for social security disability benefits. (hankeylawoffice.com)
  • Compassionate Allowances is a program to quickly identify medical conditions and serious diseases that meet Social Security's standards for disability benefits. (mdjustice.org)
  • When a person applies for disability benefits, Social Security must obtain medical records in order to make an accurate determination. (mdjustice.org)
  • In this case, the quantification of damage to the working ability is an important step toward the eligibility for social security disability benefits. (minervamedica.it)
  • Depression - While many conditions must be deemed terminal in order to receive disability benefits, others, such as depression, must only be shown to last more than one year. (fleschnerlaw.com)
  • Many disability applicants have more than one medical problem (in fact, a 2018 study from Social Security found that 71% of claimants listed secondary impairments). (disabilitysecrets.com)
  • Nancy A. Berryhill, Acting Commissioner of Social Security, announced on August 20, 2018 five new Compassionate Allowance conditions: Fibrolamellar Cancer, Megacystis Microcolon Intestinal Hypoperistalsis Syndrome (MMIHS), Megalencephaly Capillary Malformation Syndrome (MCAP), Superficial Siderosis of the Central Nervous System, and Tetrasomy 18p. (mdjustice.org)
  • Society in general and peer groups within society set the norms which shape the behavior of actors within the social system. (wikipedia.org)
  • On a micro scale, the individual is conditioned to partake in the social norms of the said group even if they contradict his or her personal moral code. (wikipedia.org)
  • You just conform to social norms and assume that it's the most intelligent way to live. (stevepavlina.com)
  • We consider per capita availability of rooms, access to water, and bathing and toilet facilities as prerequisites for compliance with the social distancing norms, and to maintain hygiene. (epw.in)
  • Social norms are regarded as collective representations of acceptable group conduct as well as individual perceptions of particular group conduct. (wikipedia.org)
  • [3] From a sociological perspective, social norms are informal understandings that govern the behavior of members of a society. (wikipedia.org)
  • [4] Social psychology recognizes smaller group units (such as a team or an office) may also endorse norms separately or in addition to cultural or societal expectations. (wikipedia.org)
  • [9] According to the psychological definition of social norms' behavioral component, norms have two dimensions: how much a behavior is exhibited, and how much the group approves of that behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Social norms can be thought of as: "rules that prescribe what people should and should not do given their social surroundings" (known as milieu, sociocultural context) and circumstances. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, social norms are much more likely to develop informally, emerging gradually as a result of repeated use of discretionary stimuli to control behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Honduras faces enormous challenges in the areas of crime and human rights and improving overall economic and living conditions in one of the hemisphere's poorest countries. (wikipedia.org)
  • The indigenous people of Honduras developed stratified societies in some regions very early, and much of the earliest period conditions were shaped by its division into unequally represented social groups, in which some economic exploitation took place. (wikipedia.org)
  • The population at large is forced to cope with the cumulative effects of this reality on the economic, social and cultural fabric of their daily lives. (casi.org.uk)
  • Convinced that the constitution of the Panel on the Humanitarian Situation offers a unique and invaluable opportunity to assess the overall humanitarian situation of the Iraqi people, we senior UN officials have attempted, in this submission, to address critical social and economic issues. (casi.org.uk)
  • At the same time, the UN system should address the need for more reliable information on the social and economic situation in the country. (casi.org.uk)
  • The HILDA Project was initiated and is funded by the Australian Government Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (FaHCSIA) and is managed by the Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research (Melbourne Institute). (springer.com)
  • It states that poor conditions and other issues on housing estates violate key articles of the Revised European Social Charter, to which Ireland signed up in 2000, including the right to health, the right of families and children to have social, legal and economic protection and the right to protection against poverty and social exclusion. (fidh.org)
  • Debbie Mulhall, a resident of Dolphin House Estate, one of the country's oldest Local Authority estates, said that breaches of tenants' social and economic rights had resulted in a third-class citizenship for some 130,000 households and their families - or close to 355,000 people across the country. (fidh.org)
  • This model of social prescribing, which takes into account physical and mental health, and social and economic issues, was successful for patients who engaged with the service. (bmj.com)
  • The Milbank Quarterly 's multidisciplinary approach and commitment to applying the best empirical research to practical policymaking offers in-depth assessments of the social, economic, historical, legal, and ethical dimensions of health and health care policy. (milbank.org)
  • This study examines the associations between social and economic childhood conditions and the onset and progression of functional health problems from midlife into old age, and the extent to which potential associations are mediated by educational attainment and smoking. (bmj.com)
  • Multilevel regression models were used to analyse retrospective reports of social and economic conditions in childhood (eg, conflicts or economic problems in the family) in relation to the progression of functional health problems over the 36-year period. (bmj.com)
  • Results Results showed that social and economic disadvantages in childhood were associated with an earlier onset and a faster progression of functional health problems from midlife into old age. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions According to these results, adverse social and economic conditions in childhood affect the development of functional health problems from midlife into old age indirectly through less favourable life careers, including lower education. (bmj.com)
  • Numerous studies have reported associations between disadvantaged social and economic conditions during childhood and higher risks of physical and mental health problems, such as cardiovascular disease and depression, as well as mortality in adulthood and old age. (bmj.com)
  • Results to date suggest that persons who have experienced social and economic disadvantages in childhood are at increased risk of developing mobility limitations and activity limitations in midlife, 9-13 and spending a larger proportion of their lives with functional impairments. (bmj.com)
  • 14 It is unclear whether these associations capture the effects of childhood disadvantages on later functional health, or rather the effects of long-standing health problems acquired during childhood on social, economic and functional disadvantages throughout the life course. (bmj.com)
  • The purpose of this study is to identify and assess spatial patterns of host-use in a temperate urban landscape with heterogeneous socio-economic and ecological conditions. (springer.com)
  • We show that social and economic conditions can be important predictors of transmission potential in urban landscapes and identify important questions about the role of rodents in supporting urban mosquito populations. (springer.com)
  • Our analyses generally reaffirm the value Americans place on the social welfare safety net, especially during times of economic duress. (deepdyve.com)
  • Objective To investigate the association of poor birth condition with long term social and economic outcomes at age 25 to 31 years. (bmj.com)
  • This report uses data to assess the impact of public funding constraints on employment conditions in the Scottish social care voluntary sector, in the context of the recent economic recessionand future public expenditure cuts. (strath.ac.uk)
  • Folland S. An economic model of social capital and health. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • Glaeser EL, Laibson D, Sacerdote B. An economic approach to social capital. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • Concurring with this, Link and Phelan argue that social conditions remain fundamentally important to health and moreover that: 'we need to be mindful of the potential health impact of the entire array of social, political and economic policy we humans develop, such as social security, child welfare, education, or the location of potentially polluting industries' (Link and Phelan, 2002, p. 732). (open.edu)
  • The histories and intellectual approaches of social and economic science and computer science have been strongly influenced by the crosscurrents among them. (nsf.gov)
  • Game theory is widely used in social and economic science. (nsf.gov)
  • Social and economic scientists use concepts that are linked to computer science. (nsf.gov)
  • Designing decision mechanisms that can govern these increasingly important types of transactions in ways that meet criteria such as fairness, revenue maximization, or efficent resource use is a challenge that requires the expertise of both social and economic scientists and computer scientists. (nsf.gov)
  • Internet traffic (as also physical traffic on our road networks), email, the use of network bandwidth, the allocation of computing resources to competing processes, etc., may be managed using economic and social choice mechanisms to achieve better utilization and reduction of the nuisance and harm caused by intruders and spammers. (nsf.gov)
  • Computational thinking has the potential to change the types of questions considered by social and economic scientists. (nsf.gov)
  • Social/behavioral/economic and computer scientists can jointly study the dynamic functioning and evolution of social and economic networks with mutual benefit to both fields of study. (nsf.gov)
  • This program seeks innovative research at this interdisciplinary boundary, including both projects that use computational thinking for economic and social decision problems and/or ideas from economics and other social sciences for computing and communication systems and multi-agents systems. (nsf.gov)
  • The social determinants of health are the economic and social conditions that influence individual and group differences in health status . (wikipedia.org)
  • [2] The World Health Organization says, "This unequal distribution of health-damaging experiences is not in any sense a 'natural' phenomenon but is the result of a toxic combination of poor social policies, unfair economic arrangements [where the already well-off and healthy become even richer and the poor who are already more likely to be ill become even poorer], and bad politics. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2.The aim of this Tripartite Declaration of Principles is to encourage the positive contribution which multinational enterprises can make to economic and social progress and to minimize and resolve the difficulties to which their various operations may give rise, taking into account the United Nations resolutions advocating the establishment of a New International Economic Order. (ilo.org)
  • People with social anxiety disorder worry about embarrassing themselves in front of other people. (medicalcityhospital.com)
  • If you have social anxiety disorder, you worry about some events for weeks in advance. (medicalcityhospital.com)
  • Social anxiety disorder can be limited to only one type of situation, such as a fear of speaking in formal or informal situations, or eating or drinking in front of others. (medicalcityhospital.com)
  • Social anxiety disorder is common, affecting about 15 million Americans. (medicalcityhospital.com)
  • The exact cause of social anxiety disorder is unknown. (medicalcityhospital.com)
  • Social anxiety disorder often coexists with other mental disorders, such as substance abuse ( alcohol use disorder or drug addiction ), depression , or other anxiety disorders. (medicalcityhospital.com)
  • http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115906/Social-anxiety-disorder. (medicalcityhospital.com)
  • Available at: http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/psychiatric-disorders/anxiety-and-stressor-related-disorders/social-phobia. (medicalcityhospital.com)
  • Dr. Keelin Howard of Buckinghamshire New University carried out research with 20 people aged 23-68 who had experienced conditions such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depression and anxiety, and found that the paranoid, maniac and depressive symptoms could worsen as well as improve. (medindia.net)
  • The relationship between cannabis use disorders and social anxiety disorder in the National Epidemiological Study of Alcohol and Related Conditions. (nih.gov)
  • The relationship between cannabis use disorders and social anxiety disorder in the National Epidemiological Study of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). (nih.gov)
  • Cannabis use disorders (CUD) are highly comorbid with social anxiety disorder (SAD), and SAD may be a risk factor for cannabis dependence. (nih.gov)
  • Young people are a major focus of concern, as they suffer from high rates of depression, anxiety, eating disorders and are vulnerable to developing more severe and enduring conditions. (bath.ac.uk)
  • Social anxiety disorder can be a truly debilitating condition, but one way to help those suffering from it is for those around them to understand what they're dealing with. (rd.com)
  • Social anxiety disorder (SAD), otherwise known as social phobia, is one common type of anxiety disorder that involves a significant amount of fear in one or more social situations. (rd.com)
  • Social anxiety disorder doesn't discriminate by age, gender, race, culture or any other variable. (rd.com)
  • Though most people have experienced some degree of being hyper-aroused in social situations, only about 7 percent of adults are currently suffering from social anxiety disorder specifically, and only about 2 percent severely, according to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America . (rd.com)
  • Here are some small, but effective strategies for dealing with social anxiety . (rd.com)
  • While it's not easy, she says, if you're suffering from this anxiety, being social can be healing. (rd.com)
  • Social anxiety is about the person suffering from it-it stems from their own feelings and symptoms about interacting socially in general," says Paulette Sherman, PsyD, psychologist, director of the site My Dating & Relationship School , and author of Dating from the Inside Out . (rd.com)
  • It is untrue that most people with social anxiety prefer to be antisocial and to avoid connecting with others," says Dr. Sherman. (rd.com)
  • When it comes to social phobia, social anxiety (some refer to it as extreme shyness), the outcome is generally good with treatment. (healthyplace.com)
  • People who experience "Social Phobia, Social Anxiety" become very anxious when facing certain social situations. (healthyplace.com)
  • In case some of you were wondering if you're the only ones suffering from this debilitating disorder, about 8% suffer from some form of social anxiety at any given time. (healthyplace.com)
  • I read somewhere that people who suffer from social anxiety usually have another disorder along with that. (healthyplace.com)
  • Individuals who suffer from social anxiety, are they afraid of only certain situations or is it most social situations that cause severe anxiety? (healthyplace.com)
  • I have been suffering from social anxiety for over 10 years and have tried practically all antidepressants. (healthyplace.com)
  • One of the questions I received, Dr. Linquist, is: how does one find a good therapist experienced in treating social anxiety? (healthyplace.com)
  • Compared with other chronically ill participants, children with cystic fibrosis and eczema had more social anxiety. (healthyplace.com)
  • The aim of this study was to investigate whether socioeconomic factors, employment status, psychosocial work conditions and social network/support are associated with middle aged women's health status in terms of common symptoms. (bmj.com)
  • DESIGN A mailed questionnaire was used in a cross sectional design assessing socioeconomic factors, employment status, psychosocial work conditions according to the demand/control model, social network/support and an index based on the 15 most frequent symptoms presented by middle aged women when seeking health care. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions Infants born in poor condition had worse measures of social performance than their peers and this association was not restricted to those infants who developed obvious neurological symptoms in the neonatal period. (bmj.com)
  • The impact and symptoms of these conditions can fluctuate, and people may or may not need to take medication for their conditions. (nice.org.uk)
  • Neck conditions can create similar symptoms and limitations in an individual's use of their arms and range of motion of the neck itself. (attorneywomack.com)
  • In some cases, however, one's condition can be so severe that it proves to be a major hindrance to their lives. (wiredprnews.com)
  • Depression is a condition that affects one's ability to properly function due to changes in mood and behavior. (fleschnerlaw.com)
  • [1] They are the health promoting factors found in one's living and working conditions (such as the distribution of income, wealth, influence, and power), rather than individual risk factors (such as behavioral risk factors or genetics) that influence the risk for a disease , or vulnerability to disease or injury . (wikipedia.org)
  • A hallmark of human social behavior is the effortless ability to relate one's own actions to that of the interaction partner, e.g., when stretching out one's arms to catch a tripping child. (pnas.org)
  • No study has quantified the extent to which health behaviors like medication-taking are correlated within families using national or routinely collected data for a range of conditions. (harvard.edu)
  • To examine how an individual's health behaviors are influenced by those of their family members, particularly in adherence to medications for chronic conditions. (harvard.edu)
  • Costa-Font J, Mladovsky P. Social capital and the social formation of health-related preferences and behaviors. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • NYC Community Health Survey data from 2013 was used to create a series of PowerPoint files that illustrate disparities in health behaviors and conditions by family income, Zip code poverty rate, race/ethnicity and educational attainment. (columbia.edu)
  • The Anatomy of Poverty: The Condition of the Working Class in Montreal 1897-1929 (Oxford) (The Canadian social history series) by Copp, Terry: McClelland & Stewart, Toronto 9780771022524 Paperback, First Edition. (abebooks.co.uk)
  • Items related to The Anatomy of Poverty: The Condition of the Working. (abebooks.co.uk)
  • The Anatomy of Poverty: The Condition of the. (abebooks.co.uk)
  • The EU also encourages countries to share best practices on issues such as social inclusion, poverty and pensions. (europa.eu)
  • Michael J. Astrue, Commissioner of Social Security, announced on October 13, 2011, 13 new Compassionate Allowances conditions involving the immune system and neurological disorders. (sheriabrams.com)
  • 1974 (social security), 2003 (social security), and 2015 (pension schemes). (ssa.gov)
  • 3,7 Although detrimental effects of anesthetics on cognitive function have been reported, to our knowledge, few studies have investigated the effects of anesthetics on social behavior. (asahq.org)
  • 10 In this investigation, we studied the potential risks of neonatal exposure to sevoflurane to cause social abnormalities and cognitive deficits in mice. (asahq.org)
  • Outline of steps required for converting experimental psychological tests of social, cognitive, emotional and motivational processes into bio‐behavioral markers for autism. (wiley.com)
  • This capability is essential for social interactions, and its understanding will aid future development of therapies to treat social cognitive disorders. (pnas.org)
  • When kids are out of school for long periods, they miss both cognitive and social learning," says Nina Bass, MD, a behavioral medicine specialist and assistant clinical professor of psychiatry at Emory University School of Medicine in Atlanta. (healthyplace.com)
  • As communities reopen and people are more often in public, the term "physical distancing" (instead of social distancing) is being used to reinforce the need to stay at least 6 feet from others, as well as wearing face masks. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • As noted above, "social distancing" is a term that was used earlier in the pandemic as many people stayed home to help prevent spread of the virus. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Loneliness and social isolation in older adults are serious public health risks affecting a significant number of people in the United States and putting them at risk for dementia and other serious medical conditions. (cdc.gov)
  • Social isolation can lead to loneliness in some people, while others can feel lonely without being socially isolated. (cdc.gov)
  • Those infections, he said, were linked more to the 'home and social' aspects of workers' lives rather than the conditions inside the facilities, alarming some on the call who interpreted his remarks as faulting workers for the outbreaks, the people said. (politico.com)
  • However, people with disabilities are more likely than others to experience financial hardship and low social support, both of which have been linked with poor mental health outcomes. (springer.com)
  • This article explores the extent to which the relatively poor mental health of young people with disabilities is related to the social conditions in which they live. (springer.com)
  • It may be possible to improve the mental health of disabled people by addressing their social exclusion. (springer.com)
  • People who have broadened their context beyond the scope of nationalism tend to behave very differently than those who still subscribe to the socially conditioned paradigm. (stevepavlina.com)
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Social Conditions" by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year, and whether "Social Conditions" was a major or minor topic of these publication. (harvard.edu)
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Social Conditions" by people in Profiles. (harvard.edu)
  • In some people, fear of social interaction may cause absences from school or work. (medicalcityhospital.com)
  • Using the social media network can help people overcome mental health problems, however, it needs to be used strategically for it could also worsen the situation. (medindia.net)
  • The Survey of Living Conditions 2014 shows that nearly eight out of ten people are members of at least one organisation (see Figure 1). (ssb.no)
  • Independent medical evidence shows that these conditions are having detrimental effects on people's health, in particular children, the elderly and other vulnerable people. (fidh.org)
  • They advise people to wash their hands frequently with soap and water, practice social distancing, and stay home if one happens to be in an affected area or has been exposed to the virus in any way. (epw.in)
  • A lot of people used some new social media sites such as Twitter, Facebook and Wechat as they first appeared. (springer.com)
  • In addition, the agency recently streamlined its online disability application for people who have a condition on the Compassionate Allowances list. (sheriabrams.com)
  • The Ministry of Social Development is working with the MidCentral District Health Board on research aimed at finding better ways to help people on a benefit who have a health condition. (msd.govt.nz)
  • Some people needing a benefit who have health conditions successfully return to independence, while others don't. (msd.govt.nz)
  • Social security disability is for people unable to return to work due to their disability. (hankeylawoffice.com)
  • We are supporting improvements to wider social aspects of how people live, work and age, to slow down the progression from one to multiple long-term conditions. (gsttcharity.org.uk)
  • It will test specific interventions to help us achieve our goal, and to build an evidence base for what works to improve meaningful work, financial health and housing for people at risk of developing long-term conditions. (gsttcharity.org.uk)
  • From our work with King's College London , we know that people living in the areas with the highest levels of deprivation develop long-term conditions earlier than those living in the most affluent areas. (gsttcharity.org.uk)
  • We believe these areas are our best opportunity to test if and how addressing the wider social context can both slow down progression to multiple long-term conditions and impact the health of people in a local area. (gsttcharity.org.uk)
  • Our research with partner Rocket Science on what works to support people with long-term conditions to access and maintain meaningful work highlights the importance of employers making changes to the workplace. (gsttcharity.org.uk)
  • This could involve activities that help people to manage their long-term conditions in the workplace. (gsttcharity.org.uk)
  • Or it could involve making more fundamental changes to working conditions that would support health, such as adjusting the tasks that people are required to do. (gsttcharity.org.uk)
  • Helping people with long-term conditions to find appropriate employment and progress at work. (gsttcharity.org.uk)
  • This question of what works best for young people with a range of needs and diverse social backgrounds is an important one, given the role of the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies programme in increasing access to psychological therapy via CBT as a technical formula. (bath.ac.uk)
  • While this focus on funding more personalised support is incredibly important for people experiencing all kinds of distress, we also need broader public conversations and policy approaches that offer a critical understanding of how private troubles connect with our public lives to acknowledge the social determinants of mental health . (bath.ac.uk)
  • This empirical study provides evidence that people without a job can afford to allocate time to accumulate social capital and thereby improve their health status. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • This interactive flowchart covers person-centred social care and support for older people with social care needs and multiple long-term conditions. (nice.org.uk)
  • 20 September 2016 Social care for older people with multiple long-term conditions (NICE quality standard 132) added. (nice.org.uk)
  • In November 2017, the European Parliament, the Council and the Commission proclaimed the European Pillar of Social Rights to deliver new and more effective rights for people and support fair and well-functioning labour markets and welfare systems. (europa.eu)
  • EU rules on social security coordination ensure that people do not lose their social security protection when moving to another EU country. (europa.eu)
  • This book was developed as an information source for health professionals working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people with social and emotional wellbeing issues. (edu.au)
  • If that's not jarring enough, it's still a highly under-recognized condition-although so many suffer, most people suffer in silence. (rd.com)
  • Unfortunately for many people sight loss may be permanent but there are ways of coping with each condition. (rnib.org.uk)
  • The Candelario Room offers 34 square metres (366 square feet) of space for meetings or private dinners for up to 12 guests, while the cozy Usaquen Room (measuring 18 square metres or 194 square feet) can host social events for up to eight people. (fourseasons.com)
  • They desperately fear becoming humiliated in social situations, specifically of embarrassing themselves in front of other people. (healthyplace.com)
  • The country's top health official downplayed concerns over the public health conditions inside meatpacking plants, suggesting on a call with lawmakers that workers were more likely to catch coronavirus based on their social interactions and group living situations, three participants said. (politico.com)
  • After publication of this story, HHS spokesperson Michael Caputo said in a statement that 'Secretary Azar simply made the point that many public health officials have made: in addition to the meat packing plants themselves, many workers at certain remote and rural meatpacking facilities have living conditions that involve multifamily and congregate living, which have been conducive to rapid spread of the disease. (politico.com)
  • Unsafe working environment (in terms of fire safety, workers' safety, hygiene conditions etc. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Besides, it is common practice not to declare workers to avoid paying associated taxes and social charges. (environmental-expert.com)
  • The workers, mainly coming from China and other countries in South East Asia, are in most cases hired by owners who are themselves unaware about the social requirements. (environmental-expert.com)
  • To compete with low-cost production countries, European workshops in the textile industry tend to disregard labor laws, resulting in poor conditions for migrant workers and a major brand image risk for companies. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Little is known about working conditions of social workers providing help in homeless and refugee aid. (mdpi.com)
  • Two hundred and fifty-three social workers (69.2% female, 30.8% male) from four federal states in Germany (Berlin, Hamburg, Schleswig-Holstein, and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania) took part in the cross-sectional quantitative online survey that included validated scales and exploratory items especially developed for the target group. (mdpi.com)
  • The study offers insights into the work-related demands and resources and their respective impact on perceived job stress and job satisfaction experienced by social workers in refugee and homeless aid. (mdpi.com)
  • The author describes a model which social workers can use in gathering data for diagnosing suspected handicapping conditions. (ed.gov)
  • Reconstructs various facets of workers' lives at the turn of the century and analyses how our social and political institutions failed to alleviate their lot. (abebooks.co.uk)
  • In addition there are EU rules on working conditions , such as working time or part-time work, as well as legislation to tackle workplace discrimination and to ensure workers' health and safety. (europa.eu)
  • SAD can be hard on friends, family members, co-workers, and significant others-for example, when a SAD sufferer snaps at a friend encouraging him or her to be more social. (rd.com)
  • Left off the debate stage was any serious discussion of the unprecedented social catastrophe gripping 21st century America, for which both parties are responsible: falling working class living standards, declining indices of health, the assault on immigrants, police killings, mass incarceration, the US prosecution of endless war around the globe. (wsws.org)
  • Studies on males with 47,XXY have revealed unique behavioral and social profiles with possible vulnerability to autistic traits. (genetic.org)
  • Given the broad clinical and etiological heterogeneity of many neurodevelopmental conditions, we propose moving the focus from identifying group‐defining characteristics to creating cross‐domain bio‐behavioral profiles at the individual level. (wiley.com)
  • Study author Susan Meijer, DrS, a behavioral researcher at Utrecht University Medical Center in the Netherlands, and colleagues explored the effect of disease on social development in children 8 to 12 years of age. (healthyplace.com)
  • 1 Older adults are at increased risk for loneliness and social isolation because they are more likely to face factors such as living alone, the loss of family or friends, chronic illness, and hearing loss. (cdc.gov)
  • Although it's hard to measure social isolation and loneliness precisely, there is strong evidence that many adults aged 50 and older are socially isolated or lonely in ways that put their health at risk. (cdc.gov)
  • National Institute on Aging (NIA) external icon - Provides materials on social isolation and loneliness for older adults, caregivers, and health care providers. (cdc.gov)
  • Validation of the Fitbit Charge 2 compared to the ActiGraph GT3X+ in older adults with knee osteoarthritis in free-living conditions. (harvard.edu)
  • The sample consisted of adults from Wave 1 of the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, 2957 of whom had CUD and no SAD, 1643 had SAD and no CUD, and 340 had CUD-SAD. (nih.gov)
  • Depression and chronic medical conditions are common in older adults. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • This report examines the social impact of oral conditions on quality of life among a representative sample of adults in Australia. (aihw.gov.au)
  • Participants Thirty adults with long-term conditions, 14 female, 16 male aged 40-74 years, mean age 62 years, 24 white British, 1 white Irish, 5 from black and minority ethnic communities. (bmj.com)
  • This is the first UK study to provide detailed insight into the impact of a Link Worker social prescribing programme on health and well-being among adults with long-term conditions living in an area of high socioeconomic deprivation. (bmj.com)
  • The Social Security Administration set forth the criteria for certain conditions to be considered disabling for adults. (amickandstevens.com)
  • Social isolation was associated with about a 50% increased risk of dementia and other serious medical conditions. (cdc.gov)
  • Social isolation is a lack of social connections. (cdc.gov)
  • Social isolation significantly increased a person's risk of premature death from all causes, a risk that may rival those of smoking, obesity, and physical inactivity. (cdc.gov)
  • Poor social relationships (characterized by social isolation or loneliness) was associated with a 29% increased risk of heart disease and a 32% increased risk of stroke. (cdc.gov)
  • First-generation immigrants experience stressors that can increase their social isolation, such as language barriers, differences in community, family dynamics, and new relationships that lack depth or history, the report states. (cdc.gov)
  • Your doctor can assess your risk for loneliness and social isolation and get you connected to community resources for help, if needed. (cdc.gov)
  • Out of fear of isolation and to secure the practice of instinctual impulses, there may be little protest from individual members as the group continues to conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Social distancing, regular handwashing, and self-isolation are being touted as preventive measures to tackle the spread of COVID-19. (epw.in)
  • Results Most participants experienced multimorbidity combined with mental health problems, low self-confidence and social isolation. (bmj.com)
  • The intervention engendered feelings of control and self-confidence, reduced social isolation and had a positive impact on health-related behaviours including weight loss, healthier eating and increased physical activity. (bmj.com)
  • Our interview data showed that the Link Worker social prescribing programme engendered feelings of control and self-confidence, reduced social isolation and led to positive physical and behavioural changes such as weight loss, increased physical activity, improved mental health and long-term condition management as well as greater resilience and effective coping strategies to manage relapses. (bmj.com)
  • In Quality of Urban Life: Social, Psychological, and Physical Conditions (pp. 13-18). (degruyter.com)
  • She understands that any medical or psychological condition can disable a person if the condition significantly impacts his or her ability to work. (amickandstevens.com)
  • Whatever the underlying cause, this particular type of pain often proves especially excruciating and ultimately debilitating when individuals can no longer concentrate due to the intense psychological distraction their condition creates. (attorneywomack.com)
  • His theories and applications in social conditioning continue throughout his work. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bernays continued the application of his work as he associates the method in which a minority elite use social conditioning to assert their dominance and will power. (wikipedia.org)
  • But when applicants have several medical conditions at the same time, it can be easier to convince disability examiners and judges that the combined effects of those conditions limit their ability to work. (disabilitysecrets.com)
  • Un)bounded Social Work? (mdpi.com)
  • Meaning of work and social support were strongly associated with job satisfaction. (mdpi.com)
  • Differential Diagnosis of Children with Suspected Handicapping Conditions: Social Work Assessment. (ed.gov)
  • Steps in social work assessment are reviewed, including analysis of current functioning, past functioning, and the effects of the operational system. (ed.gov)
  • Commissioner Astrue made the announcement during his remarks at the U.S. Conference on Rare Diseases and Orphan Products in Washington, D.C. "Social Security handles more than three million disability applications each year and we need to keep innovating and making our work more efficient," Commissioner Astrue said. (sheriabrams.com)
  • When a condition "equals" a disability listing it is generally a combination of processes that affects an individual's ability to work. (wiredprnews.com)
  • It's vital that you hire an experienced social security disability attorney as soon as your cardiac condition keeps you away from work. (hankeylawoffice.com)
  • Drawing on the evidence, we have decided to focus on three social risk factors that impact people's health: meaningful work, financial health and housing. (gsttcharity.org.uk)
  • For example, finding work that suits them or helping them to improve their working conditions, take on new responsibilities and learn new skills. (gsttcharity.org.uk)
  • CONCLUSIONS Work related factors, such as non-employment and job strain, and circumstances within the private sphere, such as social network/support, seem equally important for middle aged women's health status. (bmj.com)
  • Yet some bacteria are quite social, chief among them Myxococcus xanthus, a soil-dwelling bacterium that organizes itself into multi-cellular, three-dimensional structures made up of thousands of cells that work together to hunt for food and survive under harsh conditions. (tgdaily.com)
  • Results Infants with low Apgar scores who did not develop encephalopathy were less likely to have attended university (OR 1.14 (1.05 to 1.23)) and were more likely to have no income from work (OR 1.19 (1.07 to 1.32)) than those born in good condition. (bmj.com)
  • Krista Johnson is a social work provider who practices in Gallipolis, OH. (healthgrades.com)
  • Rachel Segall, LICSW is a social work provider who practices in Newtonville, MA. (healthgrades.com)
  • These fears can be triggered by real or perceived criticism by others and can impact a person at school, work, a social gathering, crowded place like restaurants, bars or sporting event, and even places like doctor's offices or stores," explains Jesse Matthews, PsyD, Pennsylvania-based psychologist. (rd.com)
  • [3] The first area was daily living conditions , which included healthy physical environments , fair employment and decent work, social protection across the lifespan, and access to health care. (wikipedia.org)
  • Marmot and Bell of the University College London found that in wealthy countries, income and mortality are correlated as a marker of relative position within society, and this relative position is related to social conditions that are important for health including good early childhood development , access to high quality education, rewarding work with some degree of autonomy, decent housing, and a clean and safe living environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • If an unlisted condition significantly impacts a person's ability to work, that condition can still be found as a basis for a disability claim. (amickandstevens.com)
  • A broad spectrum of physical and mental disorders or impairments may prove so disabling to certain individuals that they can no longer work full time, competitively, or even under sedentary conditions. (attorneywomack.com)
  • These disorders are recognized by the Disability Determination Services as conditions that will potentially lead to significant impairment and which may limit your ability to do even sedentary work on a competitive basis in our national economy. (attorneywomack.com)
  • However, this relationship was moderated by both social adversity and social support, with minimal differences in mental health observed between the groups under conditions of high social support and low financial hardship. (springer.com)
  • Dr. Howard said that the effects of Facebook on "severe and enduring" mental health conditions had not been studied in depth before and hence she plans further research with a larger sample. (medindia.net)
  • see our survey results on mental or emotional conditions ). (disabilitysecrets.com)
  • The indictment alleges that Weston and her associates carried out a racketeering enterprise that targeted victims with mental disabilities as part of a scheme to steal disability payments from the victims and the Social Security system. (justice.gov)
  • Management of long-term conditions and mental health in the face of multimorbidity improved and participants reported greater resilience and more effective problem-solving strategies. (bmj.com)
  • Bipolar is a mental health condition caused by a chemical imbalance of the brain. (getrevising.co.uk)
  • Other psycho-social research has also identified a relationship between environment and mental health or wellbeing. (open.edu)
  • Lawyer Laura Amick Gadness represents individuals suffering from mental and physical impairments throughout the Social Security Disability process. (amickandstevens.com)
  • If you or a loved one is suffering from a physical or mental condition that is disabling, preventing you or them from performing your job, contact the law firm of Amick, Stevens & Gadness today to schedule an initial consultation. (amickandstevens.com)
  • Other mental and physical conditions can disable a person, despite not directly being listed in the Social Security regulations. (amickandstevens.com)
  • On this page you will find a list of some of the most frequently experienced physical and mental medical disorders by social security disability claimants. (attorneywomack.com)
  • The firm's advocates have helped numerous clients achieve successful outcomes for their Social Security claims. (wiredprnews.com)
  • [7] These social determinants of health are related to health outcomes, public policy, and are easily understood by the public to impact health. (wikipedia.org)
  • The practice of social distancing means staying home and away from others as much as possible to help prevent spread of COVID-19. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • The practice of social distancing encourages the use of things such as online video and phone communication instead of in-person contact. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • We think this means a person's social circumstances can either slow down or speed up progression to multiple long-term conditions. (gsttcharity.org.uk)
  • A long-term condition is defined as one that generally lasts a year or longer and impacts on a person's life. (nice.org.uk)
  • One reason for this increase in approval rates at the hearing stage is that by the time the hearing is scheduled, the applicant's condition has often gotten worse. (disabilitysecrets.com)
  • The Compassionate Allowances initiative identifies claims where the nature of the applicant's disease or condition clearly meets the statutory standard for disability. (sheriabrams.com)
  • The Compassionate Allowances program identifies claims where the applicant's disease or condition clearly meets Social Security's statutory standard for disability. (mdjustice.org)
  • The overall aim of in this thesis was to investigate how environmental factors, social conditions or alcohol exposure, during adolescence affect the brain and/or drug-taking in rats. (diva-portal.org)
  • Rats are very sensitive for dis- turbances in their social conditions and to induce an adverse social environment, early adolescent rats where single-housed for either a short or prolonged time. (diva-portal.org)
  • We have previously shown that conditioned place preference (CPP) for cocaine at the dose of 15 mg/kg and CPP for four 15-min episodes of social interaction were equally strong when rats were concurrently conditioned for place preference by pairing cocaine with one compartment and social interaction with the other. (frontiersin.org)
  • In: Hills J, Le Grand J, Piachaud D (eds) Understanding social exclusion. (springer.com)
  • African Americans Social conditions To 1964. (illinois.edu)
  • African Americans Social conditions 1964-1975. (illinois.edu)
  • These results suggest that the insular cortex appears to be potently activated after drug conditioning learning while activation of the prelimbic cortex-nucleus accumbens core projection seems to be preferentially involved in the conditioning to non-drug stimuli such as social interaction. (frontiersin.org)
  • These findings suggest that social interaction, if offered in a context that is clearly distinct from the previously drug-associated one, may profoundly decrease the incentive salience of drug-associated contextual stimuli. (frontiersin.org)
  • The vigilance-avoidance hypothesis of selective attention assumes that socially anxious persons initially direct their attention toward fear-related stimuli and subsequently avoid these social stimuli to reduce emotional distress. (uni-regensburg.de)
  • We examined in 27 low (LSA) and 26 high socially anxious (HSA) individuals fear ratings, physical behavior (duration of approach), hypervigilance (time to first fixation), and attentional avoidance (count of fixations) toward virtual female and male agents (CS) during social fear conditioning (SFC) and extinction in virtual reality (VR). (uni-regensburg.de)
  • Social Security launched the Compassionate Allowances program in 2008 with a list of 50 diseases and conditions. (sheriabrams.com)
  • The list has grown to a total of 233 conditions, including diseases such as pancreatic cancer, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and acute leukemia. (mdjustice.org)
  • Those with the condition have a high incidence of life threatening diseases, particularly cancer and lung disease. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • In 2019 MEPs approved plans to establish a European Labour Authority to ensure the fair and simple application of EU rules on labour mobility and social security coordination. (europa.eu)
  • But the discussion veered onto the subject of meatpacking plant conditions after Sen. Pat Roberts (R-Kan.) voiced concerns about plant closures and asked about the availability of coronavirus testing for the facilities. (politico.com)
  • The Social Security Administration also considers certain conditions disabling under a compassionate allowance list. (amickandstevens.com)
  • Possible causes include genetic factors, problems with regulation of chemicals in the brain, an imbalance of neurotransmitters or brain hormones, and past emotional trauma in social situations. (medicalcityhospital.com)
  • As a consequence of language delays, they have an increased likelihood of language-based learning disabilities and social-emotional problems that may persist through adulthood. (genetic.org)
  • Social conditioning is the sociological process of training individuals in a society to respond in a manner generally approved by the society in general and peer groups within society. (wikipedia.org)
  • While major principals and media players turn their eyes to non-OECD countries to check CSR compliance issues, sector-specific social risks can still be found in Europe. (environmental-expert.com)
  • To secure companies' supply chains (http://www.sgs.com/en/Sustainability/Social-Sustainability/Supply-Chain-Management.aspx) from a social point of view, SGS offers workshop assessment visits based on customized auditing tools and methodology, developed to enable the identification of major risks in this specific sector. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Therefore, we designed the current study to investigate the potential risks of neonatal exposure to anesthetics to cause social abnormalities. (asahq.org)
  • Folland S. Value of life and behavior toward health risks: An interpretation of social capital. (uni-muenchen.de)
  • The conditions include certain cancers, adult brain disorders, a number of rare genetic disorders of children, early-onset Alzheimer's disease, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, and other disorders. (sheriabrams.com)
  • Autism is a genetic condition which causes a range of developmental disorders. (getrevising.co.uk)
  • Downs Syndrome is a genetic condition caused by one extra chromosome. (getrevising.co.uk)
  • Dr Robert Dineen and Professor Dorothee Auer from the University are leading a team of experts who will use the latest techniques in MRI scanning to look at the brains of children with the rare genetic condition. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Objectives To describe the experiences of patients with long-term conditions who are referred to and engage with a Link Worker social prescribing programme and identify the impact of the Link Worker programme on health and well-being. (bmj.com)
  • Intervention Link Worker social prescribing programme comprising personalised support to identify meaningful health and wellness goals, ongoing support to achieve agreed objectives and linkage into appropriate community services. (bmj.com)
  • Limitations were that we did not capture the experiences of patients with long-term conditions who refuse a referral or who drop out of the programme early, nor were we able to collect information on the frequency with which participants engaged in activities they were referred to. (bmj.com)
  • As part of our multiple long-term conditions programme , our social risk factors strand will do two things. (gsttcharity.org.uk)
  • We have recently published two major pieces of research to help inform the social risk factors strand of our multiple long-term conditions programme, and identify areas for action. (gsttcharity.org.uk)
  • Positive social interaction could play an essential role in switching the preference of the substance dependent individual away from drug related activities. (frontiersin.org)
  • The aim of the present study was to investigate the differential activation of brain regions related to the reward circuitry after acquisition/expression of cocaine CPP or social interaction CPP. (frontiersin.org)
  • Our findings indicate that cocaine CPP and social interaction CPP activated almost the same brain regions. (frontiersin.org)
  • However, the granular insular cortex and the dorsal part of the agranular insular cortex were more activated after cocaine CPP, whereas the prelimbic cortex and the core subregion of the nucleus accumbens were more activated after social interaction CPP. (frontiersin.org)
  • These protective effects of social interaction were paralleled by effects on the brain circuitry known to be involved in drug reinforcement and reward. (frontiersin.org)
  • We show that human brain processes are sensitive to pairs of matching actions that make up a social interaction. (pnas.org)
  • [10] Social determinants of health influence health-promoting behaviours, and health equity among the population is not possible without equitable distribution of social determinants among groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • What is social distancing? (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Historically, social distancing was also used interchangeably to indicate physical distancing which is defined below. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • However, social distancing is a strategy distinct from the physical distancing behavior. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • One possible solution was to send more law enforcement to those communities to better enforce social distancing rules, he added, according to two of the lawmakers on the call. (politico.com)
  • Additionally, it has been found that the average time required to fetch water from community sources is close to an hour everyday implying that social distancing is difficult to follow for a large proportion of households. (epw.in)
  • The distributions of social determinants are often shaped by public policies that reflect prevailing political ideologies of the area. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is no single definition of the social determinants of health, but there are commonalities, and many governmental and non-governmental organizations recognize that there are social factors which impact the health of individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Canada, these social determinants of health have gained wide usage. (wikipedia.org)
  • A recently published article identified several other social determinants. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2008, the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health published a report entitled "Closing the Gap in a Generation. (wikipedia.org)
  • This report identified two broad areas of social determinants of health that needed to be addressed. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 2011 World Conference on Social Determinants of Health brought together delegations from 125 member states and resulted in the Rio Political Declaration on Social Determinants of Health. (wikipedia.org)
  • In recent years, online social networks such as Twitter, have become a major source of information exchange and research on information diffusion in social networks has been accelerated. (aimsciences.org)
  • The issue of information diffusion in social networks is getting more and more attention by government and individuals. (springer.com)
  • Multiple causes and risk factors could exist for any of these conditions. (hankeylawoffice.com)
  • This chapter analyzes the relationship between social entrepreneurship and institutional factors in the Spanish context, using institutional economics as the conceptual framework. (springerprofessional.de)
  • Social Conditions" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (harvard.edu)
  • Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition. (medicalcityhospital.com)
  • Obviously, there's a wide range of medical conditions that can make someone disabled . (disabilitysecrets.com)
  • How much does my medical condition(s) effect my social life? (medhelp.org)
  • Cardiovascular disease is the term used to describe a range of medical conditions affecting the heart's ability to function correctly. (hankeylawoffice.com)
  • Due to the severe nature of many of these conditions, these claims are often allowed based on medical confirmation of the diagnosis alone. (mdjustice.org)
  • For disability cases not covered by this program, Social Security's Health IT brings the speed and efficiency of electronic medical records to the disability determination process. (mdjustice.org)
  • With electronic records transmission, Social Security is able to quickly obtain a claimant's medical information, review it, and make a determination faster than ever before. (mdjustice.org)
  • The pre-existing disability is a medical condition that existed before signing a social or private insurance contracts. (minervamedica.it)
  • This situation always constitutes an element of difficult medical legal assessment and cause of legal dispute in the social security sector. (minervamedica.it)
  • At last, the purpose of the Authors is to define basic operative guidelines for the proper medical legal evaluation of the pre-existing conditions of disability in the social security sector. (minervamedica.it)
  • The IAAF has records that show numerous athletes have the condition but has never identified them because confidential medical details are involved. (cbc.ca)
  • Diabetes mellitus is a medical condition where the body has become incapable of removing and storing glucose from circulating blood, either because it has become insensitive to the effects of insulin release (which helps deposit glucose into the cells) or because an individual's pancreas has become altogether incapable of producing insulin. (attorneywomack.com)
  • The list includes a general overview of each condition as well as detailed requirements for restrictions and supportive medical evidence. (bestmarylandsocialsecuritylawyers.com)
  • Dr. Luann Linquist , discusses what you can do about a persistent irrational fear of social situations. (healthyplace.com)
  • Cystic Fibrosis is a hereditary condition which is caused by one recessive gene. (getrevising.co.uk)
  • She outlined that despite numerous requests for a proper assessment of the conditions and their impact, the Local Authority has never acted upon them. (fidh.org)
  • Search: 'African Americans Social conditions. (illinois.edu)
  • It focuses on the case in which a person with pre-existing disabilities is subjected to worsening of the conditions of his or her disability or when new disability conditions are added to the pre-existing one. (minervamedica.it)
  • The results suggest that disability represents a potential adversity that may be exacerbated or ameliorated by the effects of wealth/financial hardship and social support. (springer.com)
  • The bifurcation and stability results of the model information describe either information spreading or vanishing in online social networks. (aimsciences.org)
  • About a third (34%) of readers with back and other spinal problems were approved (see our disability survey results on back conditions ). (disabilitysecrets.com)
  • Results from the Survey of Living Conditions EU- SILC 2014 indicate high organisational activity, strong social ties and great trust in each other. (ssb.no)
  • The results indicate high organisational activity among the population, strong social ties and great trust in each other. (ssb.no)
  • The results further support the notion that environmental conditions are of importance for normal brain maturation and provide new evidence that endogenous opioids are severely affected by social dis- turbances during adolescence. (diva-portal.org)
  • however, until now, results for understanding information propagation of social networks over both temporal and spatial dimensions are few. (springer.com)
  • However, the results are uncommonly poor for the diffusion models by PDEs in online social networks. (springer.com)
  • She said that social media like Facebook could provide a source of social support and connection that were important for recovery. (medindia.net)
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday promised his full support in addressing grievances of all sections of the Muslim society with particular focus on ameliorating their social conditions and meeting their educational requirements. (firstpost.com)
  • This will support the health of both those with long-term conditions and the wider workforce. (gsttcharity.org.uk)
  • 1.92, 5.57), independently of the level of social network/support. (bmj.com)
  • We address this question by identifying the impact of state-level macroeconomic conditions on public support for social welfare spending. (deepdyve.com)
  • We find that state-level inflation, not state-level unemployment nor state-level productivity, consistently and consequentially shapes citizens' support for social welfare. (deepdyve.com)
  • We also offer support for coping with the conditions and are here if you need to talk to us. (rnib.org.uk)
  • While sounding realistic about their chances in a highly competitive field, they hoped familiar conditions and crowd support would help them go the extra mile. (deccanherald.com)
  • The purpose of this research is to investigate the relationship between the social network structure of these intriguing groups and their level of output and activity, where social network structure is defined as 1) closure or connectedness within the group, 2) bridging ties which extend outside of the group, and 3) leader centrality within the group. (fiu.edu)
  • Post colonial Honduras continued many of the colonial social structures and institutions, with major additions in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century as major foreign companies pioneered new modes of producing export products and systems of controlling labor. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are a very social bacteria that form really cool structures, and rely on each other for survival. (tgdaily.com)
  • Based on well-tested theories of social capital and centrality in teams, propositions were formulated which suggest that social network structures associated with successful open source software project communities will exhibit high levels of bridging and moderate levels of closure and leader centrality. (fiu.edu)
  • M. Cha, A. Mislove, B. Adams and K. Gummadi, Characterizing social cascades in Flickr,, in Proceeding WOSN '08 Proceedings of the First Workshop on Online Social Networks , (2008), 13. (aimsciences.org)
  • Bethune-Davies P, McWilliam C, Bermen H (2006) Living with the health and social inequities of a disability: a critical feminist study. (springer.com)
  • Quantifying Social Reinforcement Among Family Members on Adherence to Medications for Chronic Conditions: a US-Based Retrospective Cohort Study. (harvard.edu)
  • Using claims from a large nationwide insurer, we identified patients initiating medications for one of five chronic conditions with a family member who also recently filled one of these medications. (harvard.edu)
  • Partial differential equations are proposed to characterize temporal and spatial patterns of information diffusion over online social networks. (aimsciences.org)
  • Recently, both temporal and spatial patterns of information diffusion process on social networks were studied by Wang et al. (springer.com)
  • 29 ] studied a partial differential equation with a Robin boundary condition in online social networks and discussed temporal and spatial properties of social networks. (springer.com)
  • Some nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) funded by international donors and working with the Afghan government provide social services, including education and health care, in Taliban-held areas. (hrw.org)
  • The Survey of Living Conditions EU-SILC examines organisational activity and membership, political participation, social networks, as well as trust and religious affiliation in the Norwegian population. (ssb.no)
  • F. Jin, E. Dougherty, P. Saraf, Y. Cao and N. Ramakrishnan, Epidemiological modeling of news and rumors on Twitter,, in Proceedings of the 7th Workshop on Social Network Mining and Analysis , (2013). (aimsciences.org)