Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Behaviors which are at variance with the expected social norm and which affect other individuals.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
Support systems that provide assistance and encouragement to individuals with physical or emotional disabilities in order that they may better cope. Informal social support is usually provided by friends, relatives, or peers, while formal assistance is provided by churches, groups, etc.
Sexual activities of animals.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
The separation of individuals or groups resulting in the lack of or minimizing of social contact and/or communication. This separation may be accomplished by physical separation, by social barriers and by psychological mechanisms. In the latter, there may be interaction but no real communication.
Social structure of a group as it relates to the relative social rank of dominance status of its members. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
In animals, the social relationship established between a male and female for reproduction. It may include raising of young.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
The perceiving of attributes, characteristics, and behaviors of one's associates or social groups.
The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.
An animal's cleaning and caring for the body surface. This includes preening, the cleaning and oiling of feathers with the bill or of hair with the tongue.
Any behavior associated with conflict between two individuals.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a mother.
Social rank-order established by certain behavioral patterns.
A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)
A subfamily of MURIDAE found nearly world-wide and consisting of about 20 genera. Voles, lemmings, and muskrats are members.
A nonapeptide hormone released from the neurohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, POSTERIOR). It differs from VASOPRESSIN by two amino acids at residues 3 and 8. Oxytocin acts on SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS, such as causing UTERINE CONTRACTIONS and MILK EJECTION.
The family Sturnidae, in the order PASSERIFORMES. The starling family also includes mynahs and oxpeckers.
Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Insect members of the superfamily Apoidea, found almost everywhere, particularly on flowers. About 3500 species occur in North America. They differ from most WASPS in that their young are fed honey and pollen rather than animal food.
Relationship between individuals when one individual threatens or becomes aggressive and the other individual remains passive or attempts to escape.
Animal behavior associated with the nest; includes construction, effects of size and material; behavior of the adult during the nesting period and the effect of the nest on the behavior of the young.
Sounds used in animal communication.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
The application of modern theories of learning and conditioning in the treatment of behavior disorders.
Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.
Almond-shaped group of basal nuclei anterior to the INFERIOR HORN OF THE LATERAL VENTRICLE of the TEMPORAL LOBE. The amygdala is part of the limbic system.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.
Cell surface proteins that bind oxytocin with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes which influence the behavior of cells. Oxytocin receptors in the uterus and the mammary glands mediate the hormone's stimulation of contraction and milk ejection. The presence of oxytocin and oxytocin receptors in neurons of the brain probably reflects an additional role as a neurotransmitter.
Relatively invariant mode of behavior elicited or determined by a particular situation; may be verbal, postural, or expressive.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Consideration and concern for others, as opposed to self-love or egoism, which can be a motivating influence.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.
A nonapeptide that contains the ring of OXYTOCIN and the side chain of ARG-VASOPRESSIN with the latter determining the specific recognition of hormone receptors. Vasotocin is the non-mammalian vasopressin-like hormone or antidiuretic hormone regulating water and salt metabolism.
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
The mimicking of the behavior of one individual by another.
Sexual activities of humans.
The adopting or performing the role of another significant individual in order to gain insight into the behavior of that person.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
The strengthening of a response with a social reward such as a nod of approval, a parent's love or attention.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
The degree of closeness or acceptance an individual or group feels toward another individual or group.
Social process whereby the values, attitudes, or institutions of society, such as education, family, religion, and industry become modified. It includes both the natural process and action programs initiated by members of the community.
Behavior in defense of an area against another individual or individuals primarily of the same species.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)
Specific molecular sites or proteins on or in cells to which VASOPRESSINS bind or interact in order to modify the function of the cells. Two types of vasopressin receptor exist, the V1 receptor in the vascular smooth muscle and the V2 receptor in the kidneys. The V1 receptor can be subdivided into V1a and V1b (formerly V3) receptors.
Group behavior toward others by virtue of their group membership.
Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.
Chemical substances, excreted by an organism into the environment, that elicit behavioral or physiological responses from other organisms of the same species. Perception of these chemical signals may be olfactory or by contact.
Transmission of emotions, ideas, and attitudes between individuals in ways other than the spoken language.
The science and technology dealing with the procurement, breeding, care, health, and selection of animals used in biomedical research and testing.
Observable changes of expression in the face in response to emotional stimuli.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Abstract standards or empirical variables in social life which are believed to be important and/or desirable.
The knowledge or perception that someone or something present has been previously encountered.
Emotional attachment to someone or something in the environment.
The state of society as it exists or in flux. While it usually refers to society as a whole in a specified geographical or political region, it is applicable also to restricted strata of a society.
Therapy whose primary emphasis is on the physical and social structuring of the environment to promote interpersonal relationships which will be influential in reducing behavioral disturbances of patients.
The total process by which organisms produce offspring. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Situations affecting a significant number of people, that are believed to be sources of difficulty or threaten the stability of the community, and that require programs of amelioration.
A personality trait rendering the individual acceptable in social or interpersonal relations. It is related to social acceptance, social approval, popularity, social status, leadership qualities, or any quality making him a socially desirable companion.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
A disorder caused by hemizygous microdeletion of about 28 genes on chromosome 7q11.23, including the ELASTIN gene. Clinical manifestations include SUPRAVALVULAR AORTIC STENOSIS; MENTAL RETARDATION; elfin facies; impaired visuospatial constructive abilities; and transient HYPERCALCEMIA in infancy. The condition affects both sexes, with onset at birth or in early infancy.
Includes both producing and responding to words, either written or spoken.
The behavior patterns associated with or characteristic of a father.
The branch of psychology concerned with the effects of group membership upon the behavior, attitudes, and beliefs of an individual.
The process by which an aspect of self image is developed based on in-group preference or ethnocentrism and a perception of belonging to a social or cultural group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
Coordinate set of non-specific behavioral responses to non-psychiatric illness. These may include loss of APPETITE or LIBIDO; disinterest in ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING; or withdrawal from social interaction.
The direct struggle between individuals for environmental necessities or for a common goal.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
The processes, properties and biological objects that are involved in maintaining, expressing, and transmitting from one organism to another, genetically encoded traits.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A defense mechanism through which unacceptable impulses and instinctive urges are diverted into personally and socially acceptable channels; e.g., aggression may be diverted through sports activities.
Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.
Government sponsored social insurance programs.
The volatile portions of substances perceptible by the sense of smell. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.
Behavioral or attitudinal compliance with recognized social patterns or standards.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Theoretical construct used in applied mathematics to analyze certain situations in which there is an interplay between parties that may have similar, opposed, or mixed interests. In a typical game, decision-making "players," who each have their own goals, try to gain advantage over the other parties by anticipating each other's decisions; the game is finally resolved as a consequence of the players' decisions.
The disappearance of responsiveness to a repeated stimulation. It does not include drug habituation.
Prolonged separation of the offspring from the mother.
The experimental study of the relationship between the genotype of an organism and its behavior. The scope includes the effects of genes on simple sensory processes to complex organization of the nervous system.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
Any enhancement of a motivated behavior in which individuals do the same thing with some degree of mutual stimulation and consequent coordination.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Any observable response or action of a neonate or infant up through the age of 23 months.
Involvement in community activities or programs.
Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
An accessory chemoreceptor organ that is separated from the main OLFACTORY MUCOSA. It is situated at the base of nasal septum close to the VOMER and NASAL BONES. It forwards chemical signals (such as PHEROMONES) to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, thus influencing reproductive and social behavior. In humans, most of its structures except the vomeronasal duct undergo regression after birth.
Organized institutions which provide services to ameliorate conditions of need or social pathology in the community.
Insects of the family Formicidae, very common and widespread, probably the most successful of all the insect groups. All ants are social insects, and most colonies contain three castes, queens, males, and workers. Their habits are often very elaborate and a great many studies have been made of ant behavior. Ants produce a number of secretions that function in offense, defense, and communication. (From Borror, et al., An Introduction to the Study of Insects, 4th ed, p676)
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Region of hypothalamus between the ANTERIOR COMMISSURE and OPTIC CHIASM.
The phenomenon of an organism's responding to all situations similar to one in which it has been conditioned.
The application of an unpleasant stimulus or penalty for the purpose of eliminating or correcting undesirable behavior.
The principle that after an organism learns to respond in a particular manner to a stimulus, that stimulus is effective in eliciting similar responses.
An interactive process whereby members of a community are concerned for the equality and rights of all.
The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.
GRAY MATTER structures of the telencephalon and LIMBIC SYSTEM in the brain, but containing widely varying definitions among authors. Included here is the cortical septal area, subcortical SEPTAL NUCLEI, and the SEPTUM PELLUCIDUM.
The strengthening of a conditioned response.
A person's view of himself.
The absence of certain expected and acceptable cultural phenomena in the environment which results in the failure of the individual to communicate and respond in the most appropriate manner within the context of society. Language acquisition and language use are commonly used in assessing this concept.
Markedly disturbed and developmentally inappropriate social relatedness that begins before age 5 and is associated with grossly pathological child care. The child may persistently fail to initiate and respond to social interactions in a developmentally appropriate way (inhibited type) or there may be a pattern of diffuse attachments with nondiscriminate sociability (disinhibited type). (From DSM-V)
Neural nuclei situated in the septal region. They have afferent and cholinergic efferent connections with a variety of FOREBRAIN and BRAIN STEM areas including the HIPPOCAMPAL FORMATION, the LATERAL HYPOTHALAMUS, the tegmentum, and the AMYGDALA. Included are the dorsal, lateral, medial, and triangular septal nuclei, septofimbrial nucleus, nucleus of diagonal band, nucleus of anterior commissure, and the nucleus of stria terminalis.
The state of estrangement individuals feel in cultural settings that they view as foreign, unpredictable, or unacceptable.
Antidiuretic hormones released by the NEUROHYPOPHYSIS of all vertebrates (structure varies with species) to regulate water balance and OSMOLARITY. In general, vasopressin is a nonapeptide consisting of a six-amino-acid ring with a cysteine 1 to cysteine 6 disulfide bridge or an octapeptide containing a CYSTINE. All mammals have arginine vasopressin except the pig with a lysine at position 8. Vasopressin, a vasoconstrictor, acts on the KIDNEY COLLECTING DUCTS to increase water reabsorption, increase blood volume and blood pressure.
The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.
The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.
Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.
An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.
Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.
Anxiety disorders in which the essential feature is persistent and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that the individual feels compelled to avoid. The individual recognizes the fear as excessive or unreasonable.
Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Activities designed to attract the attention or favors of another.
Stereotyped patterns of response, characteristic of a given species, that have been phylogenetically adapted to a specific type of situation.
An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Predisposition to react to one's environment in a certain way; usually refers to mood changes.
A child who is receiving long-term in-patient services or who resides in an institutional setting.
Technique for treating DEHYDRATION and WATER-ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE by subcutaneous infusion of REHYDRATION SOLUTIONS.
Reactions of an individual or groups of individuals with relation to the immediate surrounding area including the animate or inanimate objects within that area.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.
Behaviors associated with the giving of assistance or aid to individuals.
A branch of medicine concerned with the role of socio-environmental factors in the occurrence, prevention and treatment of disease.
Those psychological characteristics which differentiate individuals from one another.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Refers to animals in the period of time just after birth.
Any of numerous winged hymenopterous insects of social as well as solitary habits and having formidable stings.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.
Instinctual behavior pattern in which food is obtained by killing and consuming other species.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
Confidence in or reliance on a person or thing.
Phospholipoglycoproteins produced in the fat body of egg-laying animals such as non-mammalian VERTEBRATES; ARTHROPODS; and others. Vitellogenins are secreted into the HEMOLYMPH, and taken into the OOCYTES by receptor-mediated ENDOCYTOSIS to form the major yolk proteins, VITELLINS. Vitellogenin production is under the regulation of steroid hormones, such as ESTRADIOL and JUVENILE HORMONES in insects.
A general term referring to the learning of some particular response.
Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.
The act of regarding attentively and studying facts and occurrences, gathering data through analyzing, measuring, and drawing conclusions, with the purpose of applying the observed information to theoretical assumptions. Observation as a scientific method in the acquisition of knowledge began in classical antiquity; in modern science and medicine its greatest application is facilitated by modern technology. Observation is one of the components of the research process.
Animal searching behavior. The variable introductory phase of an instinctive behavior pattern or sequence, e.g., looking for food, or sequential courtship patterns prior to mating.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
A complex involuntary response to an unexpected strong stimulus usually auditory in nature.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
A set of forebrain structures common to all mammals that is defined functionally and anatomically. It is implicated in the higher integration of visceral, olfactory, and somatic information as well as homeostatic responses including fundamental survival behaviors (feeding, mating, emotion). For most authors, it includes the AMYGDALA; EPITHALAMUS; GYRUS CINGULI; hippocampal formation (see HIPPOCAMPUS); HYPOTHALAMUS; PARAHIPPOCAMPAL GYRUS; SEPTAL NUCLEI; anterior nuclear group of thalamus, and portions of the basal ganglia. (Parent, Carpenter's Human Neuroanatomy, 9th ed, p744; NeuroNames, (September 2, 1998)).
The observable, measurable, and often pathological activity of an organism that portrays its inability to overcome a habit resulting in an insatiable craving for a substance or for performing certain acts. The addictive behavior includes the emotional and physical overdependence on the object of habit in increasing amount or frequency.
A practice whereby tokens representing money, toys, candy, etc., are given as secondary reinforcers contingent upon certain desired behaviors or performances.
A species of gliding bacteria found on soil as well as in surface fresh water and coastal seawater.
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.
Disorders in which there is a delay in development based on that expected for a given age level or stage of development. These impairments or disabilities originate before age 18, may be expected to continue indefinitely, and constitute a substantial impairment. Biological and nonbiological factors are involved in these disorders. (From American Psychiatric Glossary, 6th ed)
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.
Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
PASSERIFORMES of the suborder, Oscines, in which the flexor tendons of the toes are separate, and the lower syrinx has 4 to 9 pairs of tensor muscles inserted at both ends of the tracheal half rings. They include many commonly recognized birds such as CROWS; FINCHES; robins; SPARROWS; and SWALLOWS.
Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.
A system of NEURONS that has the specialized function to produce and secrete HORMONES, and that constitutes, in whole or in part, an ENDOCRINE SYSTEM or organ.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.
Common name for small PASSERIFORMES in the family Fringillidae. They have a short stout bill (BEAK) adapted for crushing SEEDS. Some species of Old World finches are called CANARIES.
A widely distributed order of perching BIRDS, including more than half of all bird species.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Behavior-response patterns that characterize the individual.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of water and other liquids; includes rhythmic patterns of drinking (time intervals - onset and duration), frequency and satiety.
Persons whom one knows, likes, and trusts.
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.

Improving social interaction in chronic psychotic using discriminated avoidance ("nagging"): experimental analysis and generalization. (1/5175)

Three social-interaction behaviors of a withdrawn chronic schizophrenic were increased using a discriminated avoidance ("nagging") procedure. The three behaviors were: (a) voice volume loud enough so that two-thirds of his speech was intellibible at a distance of 3m; (b) duration of speech of at least 15 sec; (c) placement of hands and elbows on the armrests of the chair in which he was sitting. "Nagging" consisted of verbal prompts to improve performance when the behaviors did not meet their criteria. A combined withdrawal and multiple-baseline design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the procedure, and the contingency was sequentially applied to each of the three behaviors in each of four different interactions to determine the degree of stimulus and response generalization. Results indicated that the contingency was the effective element in increasing the patient's appropriate performance, and that there was a high degree of stimulus generalization and a moderate degree of response generalization. After the patient's discharge from the hospital, the durability of improvement across time and setting was determined in followup sessions conducted at a day treatment center and at a residential care home. Volume and duration generalized well to the new settings, while arm placement extinguished immediately.  (+info)

Central administration of rat IL-6 induces HPA activation and fever but not sickness behavior in rats. (2/5175)

Interleukin (IL)-6 has been proposed to mediate several sickness responses, including brain-mediated neuroendocrine, temperature, and behavioral changes. However, the exact mechanisms and sites of action of IL-6 are still poorly understood. In the present study, we describe the effects of central administration of species-homologous recombinant rat IL-6 (rrIL-6) on the induction of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) activity, fever, social investigatory behavior, and immobility. After intracerebroventricular administration of rrIL-6 (50 or 100 ng/rat), rats demonstrated HPA and febrile responses. In contrast, rrIL-6 alone did not induce changes in social investigatory and locomotor behavior at doses of up to 400 ng/rat. Coadministration of rrIL-6 (100 ng/rat) and rrIL-1beta (40 ng/rat), which alone did not affect the behavioral responses, reduced social investigatory behavior and increased the duration of immobility. Compared with rhIL-6, intracerebroventricular administration of rrIL-6 (100 ng/rat) induced higher HPA responses and early-phase febrile responses. This is consistent with a higher potency of rrIL-6, compared with rhIL-6, in the murine B9 bioassay. We conclude that species-homologous rrIL-6 alone can act in the brain to induce HPA and febrile responses, whereas it only reduces social investigatory behavior and locomotor activity in the presence of IL-1beta.  (+info)

Marijuana use among minority youths living in public housing developments. (3/5175)

Youths residing in public housing developments appear to be at markedly heightened risk for drug use because of their constant exposure to violence, poverty, and drug-related activity. The purpose of this study was to develop and test a model of marijuana etiology with adolescents (N = 624) residing in public housing. African-American and Hispanic seventh graders completed questionnaires about their marijuana use, social influences to smoke marijuana, and sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics. Results indicated that social influences, such as friends' marijuana use and perceived ease of availability of marijuana, significantly predicted both occasional and future use of marijuana. Individual characteristics such as antimarijuana attitudes and drug refusal skills also predicted marijuana use. The findings imply that effective prevention approaches that target urban youths residing in public housing developments should provide them with an awareness of social influences to use marijuana, correct misperceptions about the prevalence of marijuana smoking, and train adolescents in relevant psychosocial skills.  (+info)

Sex-biased dispersal in sperm whales: contrasting mitochondrial and nuclear genetic structure of global populations. (4/5175)

The social organization of most mammals is characterized by female philopatry and male dispersal. Such sex-biased dispersal can cause the genetic structure of populations to differ between the maternally inherited mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and the bi-parental nuclear genome. Here we report on the global genetic structure of oceanic populations of the sperm whale, one of the most widely distributed mammalian species. Groups of females and juveniles are mainly found at low latitudes, while males reach polar waters, returning to tropical and subtropical waters to breed. In comparisons between oceans, we did not find significant heterogeneity in allele frequencies of microsatellite loci (exact test; p = 0.23). Estimates of GST = 0.001 and RST = 0.005 also indicated negligible if any nuclear DNA differentiation. We have previously reported significant differentiation between oceans in mtDNA sequences. These contrasting patterns suggest that interoceanic movements have been more prevalent among males than among females, consistent with observations of females being the philopatric sex and having a more limited latitudinal distribution than males. Consequently, the typical mammalian dispersal pattern may have operated on a global scale in sperm whales.  (+info)

Neurocognitive and social functioning in schizophrenia. (5/5175)

This cross-sectional study examined the relationships between neurocognitive and social functioning in a sample of 80 outpatients with DSM-III-R schizophrenia. The neurocognitive battery included measures of verbal ability, verbal memory, visual memory, executive functioning, visual-spatial organization, vigilance, and early information processing. Positive and negative symptoms were assessed with the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale. A range of social behaviors were assessed using the Social Functioning Scale (SFS), the Quality of Life Scale (QLS), and a video-based test, the Assessment of Interpersonal Problem-Solving Skills (AIPSS). Social functioning as assessed by the SFS was unrelated to neurocognitive functioning. Poor cognitive flexibility was associated with low scores on the QLS and the AIPSS. Verbal ability and verbal memory were also significantly associated with the AIPSS. Visual-spatial ability and vigilance were associated with the sending skills subscale of the AIPSS. In this study, which used a wide range of neurocognitive tests and measures of community functioning and social problem solving, results support earlier research that suggests an association between certain aspects of neurocognitive functioning and social functioning.  (+info)

Scaling in animal group-size distributions. (6/5175)

An elementary model of animal aggregation is presented. The group-size distributions resulting from this model are truncated power laws. The predictions of the model are found to be consistent with data that describe the group-size distributions of tuna fish, sardinellas, and African buffaloes.  (+info)

Further analysis of the separate and interactive effects of methylphenidate and common classroom contingencies. (7/5175)

We evaluated separate and interactive effects between common classroom contingencies and methylphenidate (MPH) on disruptive and off-task behaviors for 4 children with a diagnosis of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Analogue conditions consisting of contingent teacher reprimands, brief time-out, no interaction, and alone were conducted in a multielement design. Medication status (MPH or placebo) was alternated across days in a superordinate multielement design. Results indicate that (a) the behavioral effects of MPH were influenced by one or more of the analogue conditions for each participant, and (b) time-out was associated with zero or near-zero levels of both disruptive and off-task behavior for 3 of the 4 participants during MPH and placebo conditions. Implications for the clinical effectiveness of MPH and possible behavioral mechanisms of action of MPH in applied settings are discussed.  (+info)

The human amygdala plays an important role in gaze monitoring. A PET study. (8/5175)

Social contact often initially depends on ascertaining the direction of the other person's gaze. We determined the brain areas involved in gaze monitoring by a functional neuroimaging study. Discrimination between the direction of gaze significantly activated a region in the left amygdala during eye-contact and no eye-contact tasks to the same extent. However, a region in the right amygdala was specifically activated only during the eye-contact task. Results confirm that the left amygdala plays a general role in the interpretation of eye gaze direction, and that the activity of the right amygdala of the subject increases when another individual's gaze is directed towards him. This suggests that the human amygdala plays a role in reading social signals from the face.  (+info)

Possible new insights into the underlying neurobiology of human social behavior came to light as researchers studied Williams syndrome, a rare genetic disorder that causes hyper sociability, UC San Diego reported Wednesday. The research involved a variety of disciplines at UC San Diego, the Salk Institute for Biological Studies and other organizations. The scientists, whose work […]. ...
Education is a social practice and the ability to interact socially is important to social cognitive learning and social learning. Online education is frequently criticized because it lacks social interaction, a sense of social engagement, and the benefits of learning with others. Social ability with computer-mediated social mechanisms is key to participation and contributions in online learning environments. What is social ability in online education, and can it be measured? The purpose of this study was to explicate and develop an instrument to measure the construct of social ability in online learning. The findings demonstrate construct and predictive validity for a measure of social ability in online learning, indicate that the instrument has power for measuring social ability and underlying factors, and suggests that the instrument may be a valuable tool in technology research for collaborative and networked learning.. ...
The concept of directed social learning predicts that social learning opportunities for an individual will depend on social dynamics, context and demonstrator identity. However, few empirical studies have examined social attention biases in animal groups. Sex-based and kinship-based biases in social learning and social attention towards females have been shown in a despotic and female philopatric primate: the vervet monkey (Chlorocebus pygerythrus). The present study examined social attention during the juvenile period. Social attention was recorded through 5-min focal observations during periods of natural foraging. Kin emerged as the most important focus of social attention in juveniles, intensified by biased spatial proximity towards matrilineal related members. The highest-ranking conspecifics were more frequently observed by juveniles than low-ranking ones. Additionally, younger and orphaned juveniles showed higher levels of social attention overall, compared to other age categori
Acceptable Social Behavior - Laws and Norms far, the examples in this module have often Acceptable Social Behavior - Laws and Norms how people are expected to behave in certain Acceptable Social Behavior - Laws and Norms example, when buying food or boarding a Acceptable Social Behavior - Laws and Norms. These examples describe the visible and invisible rules of conduct through which societies are structured, or what sociologists call norms. Norms Acceptable Social Behavior - Laws and Norms how Acceptable Social Behavior - Laws and Norms behave in accordance with what a society has defined as good, right, and important, and most members of the society adhere to them.. Formal norms are established, written rules. They are behaviors worked out and agreed upon in order to suit and serve the most people. Formal norms are the most Acceptable Social Behavior - Laws and Norms and clearly stated of the various types of norms, and they are the most strictly enforced. But Sample Soccer Resume Places Visit ...
Social skill and language are known to relate, not least in the example of those with specific language impairment (SLI). However, most of the research examining this trend has been conducted on young primary school age children and the nature of the relationships is unclear. Furthermore, little is known about which young people in general have social difficulties and whether language, social cognition, and social skills are directly associated at this age. In this study, a large cohort made up of young people with a history of SLI (N = 134) and a typically developing (TD) group (N = 124) of the same age were followed up in their final year of compulsory schooling (aged 16). Language, social cognition, social skills, and functional social outcomes (friendships and levels of social activity) were assessed using tasks and questionnaires. Modest associations were found between social cognition, language, and social behaviours, the strongest being between language and social cognition. Regression ...
How can we design systems that encourage better cybersecurity behaviors? Despite important improvements to the usability of cybersecurity systems, much security advice goes ignored and many security systems remain underutilized. I argue that this disconnect can partially be explained by the fact that theres a largely unconsidered cost to engaging in good security behaviors: costs of social face. For example, by using two-factor authentication, one might be perceived as paranoid. By encrypting ones phone, one might be perceived as having something to hide. More generally, by caring too strongly about cybersecurity, one may give off the impression of being shady. In this talk, I present evidence in support of the following claim: Social influences strongly affect cybersecurity behaviors, and it is possible to encourage better cybersecurity behaviors by designing security systems that are more social. First, I empirically modeled how social influences affect the adoption of security behaviors ...
Bob Prechters new science of socionomics explains that stock market fluctuations mirror trends in peoples collective mood. In simple terms, when the market is buoyant, it indicates positive social mood; the opposite when a bear market takes over.. The fascinating part is that because the stock market and social mood trend closely together, a forecaster can apply Elliott wave analysis to both - and predict both.. Generally, widespread brutalities and wars do not follow the first phase of a bear market. Extreme violence, when it does occur, often follows the worst part of the markets downturn - like the end of the Great Depression, a negative social mood period that ultimately ushered in World War II.. But even during the first phase, a negative social mood grows. So, if a forecaster determines correctly where in the wave structure social mood resides, he can make educated forecasts about what will follow in society - given what has happened before under similar social mood ...
Image from article: Early puberty for girls is raising health concerns) Welcome to Wopulars coverage of Social Behavior. Wopular aggregates news headlines from the top newspapers and news sources. To the right are articles about Social Behavior that have been featured on main sections of the site.. Below are topics about Social Behavior. (Click on all to view all articles related to the topic, including articles NOT about Social Behavior.. Click here to search news sites, aggregators, and blogs as well as videos, photos, and websites about Social Behavior.. ...
by Gary MacDonald , Oct 8, 2013 , Communications, Community Development, Community Relations, Environmental Impact Assessment, Health Impact Assessment, Human Rights, Indigenous People, Influx Management, Resettlement, Risk Management, Security, Social Impact Assessment, Stakeholder Engagement. New social performance management website engages practitioners in dialogue about what they do If youre doing this work without an ethical base youre just co-opting people. Thats what Wesley Cragg said recently at a session on social performance management in ...
Influence Social Distancing - Part 5 - Government Guidelines - Influence Social Distancing - Part 5 - Government Guidelines to encourage the switch to more Hygienic Non-Contact solutions |img
Play is a complex social behavior that is highly conserved across mammals. In most species, males engage in more frequent and vigorous play as juveniles than females, which reflects subtle yet impactful sex differences in brain circuitry and development. In this protocol, we describe a behavioral testing paradigm to assess social play in male and female juvenile rats. We highlight the behavior scoring criteria for distinguishing rough-and-tumble play from other play-related social behaviors. By analyzing both sexes, play behavior can be leveraged as a powerful tool to understand the sex-specific development and expression of social behavior., 游戏是一种复杂的社会行为,在哺乳动物中高度保守。在大多数物种中,雄性幼鱼比雌性更频繁,更有活力,这反映出大脑回路和发育中的细微但有影响的性别差异。在此协议中,我们描述了一种行为测试范式来评估雄性和雌性幼鼠的社交游戏。我们重点介绍了行为评分标准
Women have a very important hormone named oxytocin that is found to play a huge role in building social interaction and relationships in mammals, especially humans. This hormone is also found to help connect us to others. The trust, closeness, pleasant touch, eye contact, and empathy are all triggered in an individual with the help of the hormone. The oxytocin levels in the mother are found to have an impact on the childs behavior and also help mothers build a stronger bond with their baby. According to Tobias Grossmann from the Max Planck Institute and Jessica Connelly and Kathleen Krol from the University of Virginia, the development of oxytocin system in a child is found to rely on the mothers behavior.. During childhood, an individual has his/her systems maturing either physiologically or behavior-wise as a step to adulthood. Oxytocin plays an important role in early social, perceptual, & cognitive functions and even complex social behaviors also depend on the hormone. The recent study has ...
Abstract: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is characterized by impaired social interaction and communication. Skill deficits are most noticeable in social behavior and these deficits may be related to atypical responsiveness to social stimuli. The current study sought to examine how individuals with an ASD allocated their behavior in the presence of others pre and post social exchange training and to evaluate the qualitative changes in social behavior following training. One adult and three children with an ASD participated. Relative preference for social interaction and the qualitative state of social engagement during social interaction were measured. Participants then received training to initiate and sustain a social exchange. Prompting and reinforcement, in the form of preferred social consequences, were provided. Following social exchange training, the results suggested an increased preference for social interaction for some participants and a qualitatively richer state of social engagement ...
Funder: Ford Foundation Partner: CERISE The Project Goal The Social Performance Fund promotes the broad adoption of the Universal Standards for Social Performance Management. Our aim is to promote SPM implementation by building the capacity of national associations and MFIs to use the SPI4 tool to manage and report on their social performance. Geography: Global Status: Finished Social Performance Reports Social Performance in Europe, .... Read More ...
Mir Saeed Moosavi & Zhila Darvishi Postin Doz, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran, ID CLEaR2017-408; Abstract: The changing conditions within cities over time and differences in living conditions between cities suggest that at best these studies provide a crude snapshot of how the mass of urban living conditions at one point in time may be affecting population health, social behavior and communication. Urban green spaces are an integral part of any urban area and their importance is very well known for maintaining the environmental quality, sustainability, social communication as well as population health and wellbeing. Urban green spaces constitute parks, gardens and recreation venues, informal green spaces such as river or sea fronts, green spaces surrounding historical sites, railway corridors and indigenous vegetation types.. The aim of the study is to analyze the relationship between green space and community attachment in urban areas including metropolitan areas in Iran. The detailed ...
Project Summary/AbstractThe brain neuropeptides oxytocin (OT) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) play important roles in altering neuralcircuits that regulate social behavior. These ligands regulate normative social function in a host of areas,including social attachment, parental behavior, aggression, and complex social cognition. In pathologicalbrain/behavior conditions, many disorders are characterized by dramatic deficits in the social realm.Knowledge of the way OT and AVP alter cellular function in neurons has the potential to both identifymechanisms that produce social dysfunction and to design compounds that normalize cellular function andbehavior. The present project takes advantage of the discovery of novel OT ligand structure, and variation incellular receptors for OT and AVP in the marmoset, a species that exhibits social monogamy, infant care bymales, and a family-like social structure. The first aim will characterize the effects of ligand diversity on thealteration of behavior in a ...
Primates live in highly social environments, where prosocial behaviors promote social bonds and cohesion and contribute to group members fitness. Despite a growing interest in the biological basis of nonhuman primates social interactions, their underlying motivations remain a matter of debate. We report that macaque monkeys take into account the welfare of their peers when making behavioral choices bringing about pleasant or unpleasant outcomes to a monkey partner. Two macaques took turns in making decisions that could impact their own welfare or their partners. Most monkeys were inclined to refrain from delivering a mildly aversive airpuff and to grant juice rewards to their partner. Choice consistency between these two types of outcome suggests that monkeys display coherent motivations in different social interactions. Furthermore, spontaneous affilitative group interactions in the home environment were mostly consistent with the measured social decisions, thus emphasizing the impact of ...
Research in my laboratory broadly focuses on understanding the neural circuit mechanisms underlying social behaviors and their dysregulations in neuropsychiatric disorders. Humans are an exquisitely social species; we live in a world that is largely socially constructed, and are constantly involved in and fundamentally influenced by a broad array of complex social interactions. Social behaviors among conspecifics, either conflictive or cooperative, are exhibited by a wide range of animal species and are of ubiquitous adaptive value; many social behaviors, such as aggression, pair bonding, and mating, are essential for the health, survival, and reproduction of animals. Conversely, social behaviors displayed at inappropriate time or place or of inappropriate intensity can have detrimental effects on both the individuals and a social group as a whole. Impairment in social function is a prominent feature of several neuropsychiatric disorders, such as autism and schizophrenia. Despite its importance, ...
Sociability is the disposition to interact with one another. Rodents have a rich repertoire of social behaviors and demonstrate strong sociability. Various methods have been established to measure the sociability of rodents in simple and direct ways, which includes reciprocal social interaction, juvenile social play, and three-chamber social tests. There are possible confounding factors while performing some of these tasks, such as aggression, avoidance of interaction by the stimulus mouse, exposure to a new environment, and lengthy procedures. The present study devised a method to complement these shortcomings and measure sociability as a group in the home cage setting, which prevents group-housed mice from isolation or exposure to a new environment. The home cage social test can allow high-throughput screening of social behaviors in a short amount of time. We developed two types of home cage setup: a home cage social target interaction test that measures sociability by putting the wire cage in ...
Despite growing interest in integrating people׳s daily mobility into contextual studies of social inequalities in health, the links between daily mobility and health inequalities remain inadequately conceptualised. This conceptual proposal anchors the relationship between daily mobility and contextual influences on social inequalities in health into the concept of mobility potential, which encompasses the opportunities and places individuals can choose (or are constrained) to access. Mobility potential is realized as actual mobility through agency. Being shaped by socially-patterned personal and geographic characteristics, mobility potential is unequally distributed across social groups. Social inequalities in realized mobility may thus result. We discuss pathways by which these may contribute to contextual influences on social inequalities in health. One pathway is reflected in disadvantaged groups encountering more fast-food outlets during their daily activities, which may relate to their higher risk
Human social behavior develops under the influence of genetic, environmental, and cultural factors. Social cognition comprises our ability to understand and respond appropriately to other peoples social approaches or responses. The concept embraces self-knowledge and theory of mind, or the ability …
What are social cues? How do these stimuli determine specific social actions? Classical studies by ethologists point to a general rule, in which animals use a rather simple set of discrete stimuli to trigger complex social behaviours such as aggression and mating. In fact, rodents use special scents known as pheromones as signals carrying information such as species, sex, and social status. Our research takes advantage of a large collection of pheromonal compounds - those identified by pioneers of this field as well as ones newly identified by us - to understand how information carried by single or multiple monomolecular pheromones is processed and in turn yields specific social behaviours.. We combine in vivo physiology with molecular methods such as single-cell transcriptomics and genomics to define the functions of specific neurons in social circuits. Our research so far has defined specific social cues, both olfactory and non-olfactory, and corresponding neural pathways for specific controls ...
Social inhibition can be lowered by a few different factors, one of them being alcohol. Alcohol consumption can be seen to lower inhibitions in both men and women. Social inhibitions generally act to control or affect the way that one conducts themselves in a social setting. By lowering inhibitions alcohol can work to increase social behaviors either negatively or positively. Importantly, one must remember that the higher the dosage of alcohol, the greater the damage it will cause to inhibitory control.[55] By lowering inhibitions, alcohol can cause social behaviors such as aggression, self disclosure, and violent acts.[55] Researchers have suggested that situational cues used to inhibit social behaviors are not perceived the same way after someone consumes enough alcohol to qualify them as drunk: interacting parties who are impaired by alcohol are less likely to see justifications for the others behavior, are thus more likely to interpret the behavior as arbitrary and provocative, and then, ...
Among the problems people with Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) struggle with, are difficulties with social behavior and communication, ISNA wrote.. That can translate to an inability to make friends, engage in routine conversations, or pick up on the social cues that are second nature to most people. Similarly, in a mouse model of ASD, the animals, like humans, show little interest in interacting or socializing with other mice.. One drug, risperidone, works in both humans and mice with ASD to treat other symptoms of the disorder-including repetitive behaviors--but no medication has been found to help socialization.. Now the researchers have treated ASD mice with a neuropeptide, molecules used by neurons to communicate with each other, called oxytocin, and have found that it restores normal social behavior.. In addition, the findings suggest that giving oxytocin as early as possible in the animals life leads to more lasting effects in adults and adolescents. This suggests there may be critical ...
Our lab studies mechanisms of social disability in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Some of our work investigates social cognition, a term that refers to the perceptual and processing abilities that facilitate social interaction. These include a wide range of skills such as emotion recognition, theory of mind and attribution biases, and we examine relationships between social cognition in ASD to general cognition, social behavior, and social functioning. Our studies utilize a variety of different neuropsychological methods, including eye tracking to monitor and quantify perceptual patterns, computerized testing of social cognitive abilities, and video analysis of social functioning.. Our lab also studies face processing, non-social motivation (i.e., circumscribed interests), and the Broad Autism Phenotype. More recently, we have been examining how social interaction difficulties for adults on the spectrum are often a relational rather than an individual impairment, and how the perceptions, ...
Convergent evidence shows that alcohol exerts its effects on social behavior via modulation of amygdala reactivity to affective stimuli. Given that affective processing involves dynamic interactions b
Children with craniofacial anomalies, such as microtia, experience significant teasing, rejection, and other negative social responses, such as social avoidance from others. These occurrences show trends toward social withdrawal, likely as a reaction to the negative reactions of others (Snyder, 2005). Children with craniofacial anomalies are treated differently than children without such defects; the affected children consequently have been shown to be more introverted and to express a more negative self-concept than unaffected children (Weinstein, 2005). These negative events may also result in decreased self-esteem, increased anxiety, behavioral problems, and difficulty with social integration. The patients who request ear reconstruction often complain of diminished self-consciousness and being teased by peers. Children born with microtia tend towards social isolation, they play less with other children, meet less people, and hide more commonly from certain people, and avoid school. The longer ...
Enterprise 3 Your Business and the Triple Bottom Line Economic, Environmental, Social Performance The Sustainable Business Network and the Ministry for the Environment have developed this guide in partnership.
This paper sets out to review the influence of social processes on the timing of the diagnosis of cancer and to explore the potential for promoting earlier diagnosis by addressing social factors that influence symptom recognition and the diagnostic process. Social processes refer to the means by which culture and social organisation may impact on timely cancer diagnosis. The paper calls for concerted action around an important and developing research agenda that may prove highly valuable in the quest to secure prompt diagnosis for cancer and through it improved outcomes for individuals. ...
The depression-prone mice displayed higher concentrations of engram cells compared to the less susceptible mice, and the density of the cells correlated with the level of social avoidance behavior. Activating the engram cells increased social avoidance behavior while suppressing the cells decreased it, suggesting a role in the cognitive symptoms of depression ...
p,This international, peer-reviewed journal aims to advance knowledge in the growing and strongly interdisciplinary area of Interaction Studies in biological and artificial systems. Understanding social behaviour and communication in biological and artificial systems requires knowledge of evolutionary, developmental and neurobiological aspects of social behaviour and communication; the embodied nature of interactions; origins and characteristics of social and narrative intelligence; perception, action and communication in the context of dynamic and social environments; social learning, adaptation and imitation; social behaviour in human-machine interactions; the nature of empathic understanding, behaviour and intention reading; minimal requirements and systems exhibiting social behaviour; the role of cultural factors in shaping social behaviour and communication in biological or artificial societies.,/p,,p,The journal welcomes contributions that analyze social behaviour in humans and other ...
Rhonda Charles is a 2010 ASF Grant Winner and a PhD Student in the Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences at the Mt. Sinai School of Medicine. Ms. Charles work focuses on the AVPR1A gene, which affects social behavior and anxiety in autism spectrum disorder. Her ASF- funded study puts the human AVPR1A gene into a mouse model, a key step that must occur before we can introduce pharmacological treatments for individuals with autism affected by AVPR1A gene mutations.. ...
Many species live in social groups or flocks. Social animals need to interact with members of their own species. An animals social interactions and structures, whatever its degree of sociality, has a huge impact on its health, welfare, ability to reproduce and longevity (Price & Stoinski 2007; Silk & al. 2003; Stanton & Mann 2012). It has been demonstrated in several species that investment in the development of long-lasting stable relationships has a positive effect on the animals quality of life and reduces their stress levels (Archie & al. 2014; Fürtbauer & al. 2014). It is therefore important that social animals are in contact with members of their own species. In its natural environment, an animal also interacts with animals of other species. Social enrichment and the contacts on which it is based can thus take various forms.. It is vital for social animals to live in groups. Research on baboons in their natural environment showed that the stability of social relationships had a positive ...
This paper tracks the consequences of individuals desire to align their location with their social preferences. The social preference studied in the...
The Journal of the Royal Society Interface has published my paper with Ben Althouse on how social dynamics may hold the key to understand the unique cycling ...
In a recent study with potential wide-reaching influence, Edsinger and Dolen (2018) tested for the first time, the effect of 3,4-methylendioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) in octopus. In their main experiment (Experiment 2), the authors placed octopuses in the central compartment of a three-chambered arena and allowed them to freely explore the lateral chambers, one containing an object and the other containing a social stimulus (a familiar male conspecific), both isolated through a perforated plastic container. All subjects first received a pre-trial to establish a baseline for the social response toward the conspecific, and following the administration of MDMA, they were given a post-trial with the same individual. According to the authors, the results demonstrate that MDMA induces both quantitative (i.e. longer intervals spent in the social stimulus chamber) and qualitative (i.e. different behaviors) acute prosocial responses in octopus. Here we highlight fundamental flaws in the study, thus challenging the
Behavior and Social Issues is a peer-reviewed, interdisciplinary journal which serves as a primary scholarly outlet for articles that advance the analysis of human social behavior, particularly with regard to understanding important social problems.
Compensation is a kind of pro-social behavior that can restore a social relationship jeopardized by interpersonal transgression. The effectiveness of a certain compensation strategy (e.g., repaying money, sharing loss, etc.) may vary as a function of the social norm/relationship. Previous studies have shown that two types of norms (or relationships), monetary/exchange and social/communal, differentially characterize peoples appraisal of and response to social exchanges. In this study, we investigated how individual differences in preference for these norms affect individuals perception of others as well as the selection of their own reciprocal behaviors. In a two-phase experiment with interpersonal transgression, we asked the participant to perform a dot-estimation task with two partners who occasionally and unintentionally inflict noise stimulation upon the participant (first phase). As compensation one partner give money to the participant 80% of the time (the monetary partner) and the other bear
Sed ac ligula ut leo dignissim blandit non at odio. Mauris et odio ut odio elementum fermentum. Nullam dictum diam nisl, vitae euismod erat imperdiet in. Vestibulum ac tristique tortor, non iaculis dolor.. Nunc in tincidunt dui. Proin laoreet imperdiet dui et imperdiet. Nam sit amet erat nisl. Nam tristique porttitor risus, at fringilla velit. Aliquam erat volutpat.. Suspendisse viverra egestas eros. Duis tempus varius diam et condimentum. Donec elementum, mi ut posuere posuere, erat dui interdum ante, nec fringilla augue odio ac felis. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.. ...
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Living in a large social group is thought to increase disease risk in wild animal populations, but comparative studies have provided mixed support for this prediction. Here, we take a social network perspective to investigate whether patterns of social contact within groups influence parasite risk. Specifically, increased modularity (i.e. sub-grouping) in larger groups could offset the increased disease risk associated with living in a large group. We simulated the spread of a contagious pathogen in random social networks to generate theoretically grounded predictions concerning the relationship between social network connectivity and the success of socially transmitted pathogens. Simulations yielded the prediction that community modularity (Q) negatively impacts parasite success. No clear predictions emerged for a second network metric we considered, the eigenvector centralization index (C), as the relationship between this measure and parasite success depended on the transmission probability ...
Island Records in London is hiring an Influencer & Social Partner Manager. This unique role in the Audience Team will be responsible for Islands Influencer marketing strategy and execution across the whole domestic and international roster as well as the point person and key relationship stakeholder with our social partners, including major social networks such as TikTok, Facebook, Twitter, other short form video platforms, plus social publishers and channels such as LadBible, UMGs Rebel Labs and YouTube channels and networks.. Person ...
We have shown that the behavior of individuals in a social sequential decision-making task can be described by an evidence accumulation process whereby personal and social information is integrated until a decision is made, formalized by the social DDM. The model accurately predicts decision time and choice by taking personal information, social information, and the willingness to wait for social information into account. It successfully captured all the interrelationships of the key behavioral results of the social phase, thereby revealing the cognitive underpinnings of the group-level self-organization according to information quality. Measuring how individuals process personal and social information affords a deeper understanding of how individuals in a social environment cope with the complex problem of evaluating personal information and how they time their decision and incorporate social information.. During the social decision-making process, individuals incorporated personal information ...
There is provided a system and method for transmitting social communication data across at least one social communication channel. The method is performed by a computing device for communicating social data, comprising: receiving a composed social data object; integrating at least one tracker object within the social data object; transmitting the social data object comprising said tracker object to at least one destination target; obtaining a response from said tracker object indicating target feedback, wherein the target feedback indicates at least one of: subsequent transmission of the social data object to additional destination targets and feedback parameters from at least one of: said at least one destination target and said additional destination targets.
Get this from a library! Siblings of Children with Autism: Social Behavior in Early Childhood. [Tremaine, Emily A.] -- Siblings of Children with Autism: Social Behavior in Early Childhood
This is a somewhat challenging book to review for Sociological Research Online because it is not sociological. The book, an edited collection, reflects the work of a cluster of educational and developmental psychologists with a particular interest in the influence of peers and teachers on pupil motivation. Engagement with related social factors promises to lead towards better understanding of childrens adjustment in school.. In principle I would argue, greater exploration of overlaps in psychological and sociological disciplines is to be greatly welcomed, for far too many issues have been colonised by particular disciplines only to be doomed to a lack of holistic validity. A book on social motivation thus generates very positive expectations. Indeed, for Bernard Weiner, writing the Forward, it is a landmark volume for the way in which it gives affiliative motivation its proper role and respect and for signalling the potential for a general theory of motivation.. In structure the ...
The model and results presented here demonstrate how asocial organisms that reproduce parthenogenetically and grow within somewhat isolated colonies can evolve to social organisms that invest in the common good. The effect of clonal mixing on the level of sociality can be quantified with a relatedness measure. This demonstrates how social behaviour is not precluded by clonal mixing and may evolve without the need for some form of kin recognition.. The relatedness measure we have used quantifies assortment in the population. Our derivation of this measure and the costs and benefits came from a detailed ecological model. By demonstrating how inclusive fitness arguments follow from the ecology, without the need to invoke other mechanisms such as group selection, our work contributes to a growing body of literature that highlights the usefulness of inclusive fitness in complex ecological scenarios (e.g. Lehmann et al. 2007; Taylor et al. 2007).. Interestingly, as shown by equation (2.2), both ...
Search +Network science -Ron Burt -Animal social network -Community structure -Link community +Temporal network -Innovation -Sinan Aral -Albert-László Barabási ...
The increasing importance of corporate social responsibility with practitioners is having huge attention in the academic literature. A growing study examines the reasons why firms engage in corporate social responsibility, and how it relates to financial performance of firms. Yet, the link between market performance of a firms stock and its social performance is under researched compared to that of the environment and economic perspectives. Therefore, this study adds insights to CSR-financial performance debate by focusing on the concept of social performance. Social performance refers to the firms product responsibility, community involvement, health and safety, diversity, training and development, human right, and employment quality. Using Thomson Reuters database social performance scores, we conduct a descripto-explanatory analysis to examine whether the Swedish stock market responds to social performance over the years 2010 to 2014 for a sample of 66 Swedish firms listed at OMX ...
Autism spectrum disorders are a developmental disorder characterized by abnormal social behavior. Those with autism have problems with social interactions, repetitive behaviors, and both verbal and non-verbal communication. While the cause of autism is not yet know, studies have shown that there are both genetic and environmental factors linked with autism. The amygdala is considered to be part of the
The Department of Social Neuroscience investigates human social behaviour. Adopting an interdisciplinary approach, we study the neuronal, hormonal, and developmental foundations of human social cognition, social and moral emotions such as empathy and compassion, envy, revenge, fairness as well as emotion regulation capacities and their role in social decision making and communication.
Social deficit is one of the core symptoms of neuropsychiatric diseases, in which immune genes play an important role. Although a few immune genes have been shown to regulate social and emotional behaviors, how immune gene network(s) may jointly regulate sociability has not been investigated so far. To decipher the potential immune-mediated mechanisms underlying social behavior, we first studied the brain microarray data of eight inbred mouse strains with known variations in social behavior and retrieved the differentially expressed immune genes. We then made a protein-protein interaction analysis of them to find the major networks and explored the potential association of these genes with the behavior and brain morphology in the mouse phenome database. To validate the expression and function of the candidate immune genes, we selected the C57BL/6 J and DBA/2 J strains among the eight inbred strains, compared their social behaviors in resident-intruder and 3-chambered social tests and the mRNA levels of
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Acute administration of ketamine attenuates the impairment of social behaviors induced by social defeat stress exposure as juveniles via activation of α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) receptors. AU - Hasegawa, Sho. AU - Yoshimi, Akira. AU - Mouri, Akihiro. AU - Uchida, Yoji. AU - Hida, Hirotake. AU - Mishina, Masayoshi. AU - Yamada, Kiyofumi. AU - Ozaki, Norio. AU - Nabeshima, Toshitaka. AU - Noda, Yukihiro. PY - 2019/4. Y1 - 2019/4. N2 - The impairment of social behaviors induced by social defeat stress exposure as juveniles is resistant to some antidepressants and an antipsychotic, although the underlying mechanisms and/or therapeutic target are not yet clear. In this study, we investigated the involvement of the glutamatergic neuronal system in the impairment of social behaviors in this model, as this system is known to be involved in many central pathologies. Acute administration of ketamine, a non-competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor ...
Playing Online games are one of the medium of entertainment especially in the student of (Holy cross of Davao College). Theoretically, games in which game characters help and support each other in nonviolent ways should increase both short-term and long-term prosocial behaviors. Social isolation can be an immediate consequence of continuous and ceaseless gaming. If players take the role of pro-social characters in violent or gory games then this will tend to influence them to behave in a pro-social fashion, he added. The impact of video games on a childs social well-being is modest at best, Przybylski says, accounting for only 2 percent of a childs psychological and social function. A number of experiments show that adults feelmore hostile after playing violent games--especially games that simulate real-life situations (Bartlett et al 2007; Bartlett and Rodeheffer 2009; Bartlett et al 2009). In fact, given that not only players of violent video games but also their social network respond ...
In vertebrates, the early social environment can persistently influence behaviour and social competence later in life. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying variation in animal social competence are largely unknown. In rats, high-quality maternal care causes an upregulation of hippocampal glucocorticoid receptors (gr) and reduces offspring stress responsiveness. This identifies gr regulation as a candidate mechanism for maintaining variation in animal social competence. We tested this hypothesis in a highly social cichlid fish, Neolamprologus pulcher, reared with or without caring parents. We find that the molecular pathway translating early social experience into later-life alterations of the stress axis is homologous across vertebrates: fish reared with parents expressed the glucocorticoid receptor gr1 more in the telencephalon. Furthermore, expression levels of the transcription factor egr-1 (early growth response 1) were associated with gr1 expression in the telencephalon and ...
Definition of social perception in the dictionary. Meaning of social perception. What does social perception mean? Information and translations of social perception in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
Factors influencing supportive social networks of people with schizophrenia are little understood. Data from 46 outpatients with schizophrenia were analysed using structural equation modelling to test plausible sets of inter-relationships between social skill, social networks, and social support. The data supported a tentative model about the causal relationships between variables. Paths showed that people with greater social skill had larger social networks, but did not necessarily perceive greater support from these networks. Negative symptoms accounted for some of the effect of social skill on social networks. Whereas groups of single-admission and multiple-admission participants did not differ in terms of social skill, social networks, or support, the age of the participants influenced their social skill and the size of their social networks. Younger participants had greater social skill and larger social networks. The results appear to suggest the importance of early intervention for young ...
Researchers have discovered that a form of oxytocin-the hormone responsible for making humans fall in love-has a similar effect on fish, suggesting it is a key regulator of social behavior that has evolved and endured since ancient times.. The findings, published in the latest edition of the journal Animal Behaviour, help answer an important evolutionary question: why do some species develop complex social behaviors while others spend much of their lives alone?. We know how this hormone affects humans, explains Adam Reddon, lead researcher and a graduate student in the Department of Psychology, Neuroscience & Behaviour at McMaster University. It is related to love, monogamy, even risky behaviour, but much less is known about its effects on fish.. Specifically, researchers examined the cichlid fish Neolamprologus pulcher, a highly social species found in Lake Tanganyika in Africa.. These cichlids are unusual because they form permanent hierarchical social groups made up of a dominant breeding ...
Social systems encompass individual components that come together and interact. How these interactions and resulting group-level phenomena unfold depends on the properties of the individuals, their experience, ambient conditions, as well as the interactions themselves. How evolution shapes social interactions and social behavior, and how social behavior plays out on a mechanistic level are questions of great general importance. These questions touch on sensitive issues related to human psychology and cognitive abilities, as well as how humans differ in these respects from other animals (Wilson, 1975; de Waal and Ferrari, 2010), but they also relate to fundamental aspects of evolutionary processes. In particular, social evolutionary theory provides a unifying framework in which social behavior and the evolutionary dynamics between interacting components can be understood at a variety of organizational levels, ranging from genes in a genome, to cells in multicellular organisms, individuals in a ...
Allergy is suggested to exacerbate impaired behaviour in children with neurodevelopmental disorders. We have previously shown that food allergy impaired social behaviour in mice. Dietary fatty acid composition may affect both the immune and nervous system. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of n-3 long chain ... read more polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) on food allergy-induced impaired social behaviour and associated deficits in prefrontal dopamine (DA) in mice. Mice were fed either control or n-3 LCPUFA-enriched diet before and during sensitization with whey. Social behaviour, acute allergic skin response and serum immunoglobulins were assessed. Monoamine levels were measured in brain and intestine and fatty acid content in brain. N-3 LCPUFA prevented impaired social behaviour of allergic mice. Moreover, n-3 LCPUFA supplementation increased docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) incorporation into the brain and restored reduced levels of prefrontal DA and its metabolites ...
Research suggests an overrepresentation of autism spectrum diagnoses (ASD) or autistic traits in gender diverse samples, particularly in children and adolescents. Using data from the GENTLE (GENder identiTy Longitudinal Experience) Cohort at the Gender Diversity Service at the Perth Children’s Hospital, the primary objective of the current retrospective chart review was to explore psychopathology and quality of life in gender diverse children with co-occurring ASD relative to gender diverse children and adolescents without ASD. The Social Responsiveness Scale (Second Edition) generates a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) score indicating a likely clinical ASD diagnosis, which was used to partition participants into two groups (indicated ASD, n = 19) (no ASD indicated, n = 60). Indicated ASD was far higher than would be expected compared to general population estimates. Indicated ASD on the Social Responsiveness Scale 2 (SRS 2) was also a significant predictor of
Social plasticity is a pervasive feature of animal behavior. Animals adjust the expression of their social behavior to the daily changes in social life and to transitions between life-history stages, and this ability has an impact in their Darwinian fitness. This behavioral plasticity may be achieved either by rewiring or by biochemically switching nodes of the neural network underlying social behavior in response to perceived social information. Independent of the proximate mechanisms, at the neuromolecular level social plasticity relies on the regulation of gene expression, such that different neurogenomic states emerge in response to different social stimuli and the switches between states are orchestrated by signaling pathways that interface the social environment and the genotype. Here, we test this hypothesis by characterizing the changes in the brain profile of gene expression in response to social odors in the Mozambique Tilapia, Oreochromis mossambicus. This species has a rich repertoire of
Animals can use their environments more efficiently by selecting particular sources of information (personal or social), according to specific situations. Group-living animals may benefit from gaining information based on the behaviour of other individuals. Indeed, social information is assumed to be faster and less costly to use than personal information, thus increasing foraging efficiency. However, when food sources change seasonally or are randomly distributed, individual information may become more reliable than social information. The aim of this study was to test the use of conflicting personal versus social information in goats (Capra hircus), in a foraging task. We found that goats relied more on personal than social information, when both types of information were available and in conflict. No effect of social rank was found on the occasions when goats followed other demonstrator goats. Goats are selective browsers/grazers and therefore relying on personal rather than social information could
Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a devastating disorder and one the most common neurodegenerative diseases in middle age. The most prominent early manifestations of bvFTD (behavior variant FTD) are not the memory and other cognitive deficits typical of Alzheimers disease (AD) but, rather, disturbance in social or interpersonal behavior. A basic manifestation of this disorder is a disturbance in the emotions and motives that drive social and moral behavior. In fact, bvFTD is an incredible window to the neuroscience of social behavior. This study will help clarify the neurobiological substrates of sociomoral emotions and their associated clinical features. The findings of this proposal can have major implications for understanding the interaction between brain and social behavior and for designing future research on the basic mechanisms of social neuroscience. This research aims to document the loss of sociomoral emotions (SME) compared to primary emotions in patients with bvFTD vs. patients ...
I am interested in the evolution of human social behaviour and wonder if there is any literature on a cognitive centre for the modelling of social status. It has occured to me that the ability to model relative social status i.e. where we stand in relation to others must be a central brain function for social primates, like ourselves. Social primates need to be able to learn the relative social status of other individuals and then react to them appropriately, either with submissive or dominant behaviour. I see that brain mapping techniques have revealed that the hippocampus (the cornu ammonis and the dentate gyrus) is involved in learning face/name pairs. Does anyone know of experiments to discover which part of the brain is active when the faces presented are of individuals with social status that is important to the subject? It seems likely to me that a social status centre exists and that it would have exert a high degree of control over other behavioural centres, especially mood etc e.g. ...
New research in the FASEB Journal suggests that activation of nicotinic receptors within the prefrontal region of the mouse brain helps establish appropriate ranking between competing motivations. If you think nicotine receptors are only important to smokers trying to kick the tobacco habit, think again. New research published in the FASEB Journal ( suggests that these receptors also play an important role in social interaction and the ability to choose between competing motivations. Specifically, scientists from France show that the nicotinic receptors in the prefrontal cortex are essential for social interaction in mice and that this area of the brain is necessary for adapted and balanced social interactions to occur. This new knowledge could one day lead to novel treatments for ADHD, schizophrenia, and depression, among other illnesses.. One of the main aims would be to understand and help people to make good decisions for themselves (and for others) and to maintain, ...
Fragile X syndrome is the most common monogenetic form of intellectual disability and autism. Although the Fmr1 knockout mouse model recapitulates many aspects of the human FXS condition, the establishment of robust social behavioural phenotypes suitable for drug screening has been difficult. Here, we describe a novel social behavioural paradigm, the Automated Tube Test (ATT), for which Fmr1 knockout mice demonstrate a highly reliable and robust phenotype. Fmr1 KO mice show highly dominant behaviour over wild-type littermates in the ATT. Consistent with previous findings, we observed a highly significant, albeit partial, rescue of the altered social behaviour of Fmr1 knockout mice in the ATT, using genetic (mGluR5 deletion) or pharmacological inhibition (mGluR5 antagonist) of mGluR5 signalling independently. Together, our results validate the Automated Tube Test as a robust outcome measure for social behaviour in preclinical research for FXS, and confirm the pathophysiological relevance of ...
mice are exposed to 10 bouts of social defeat in which c57bl/6 test mice are forced to intrude into space occupied by mice of a larger and more aggressive strain, leading to subordination of the test mice. Following this repeated stress, a subset of mice develop significant avoidance of social contact with mice of the same strain and exhibit other signs that are reminiscent of symptoms of human depression, including weight loss and loss of hedonic (pleasure) responses to sucrose. A strength of the social defeat stress model is that, at least in this mouse strain, the stressor convincingly separates the mice into two groups, a group that the authors designate Susceptible, which develop social avoidance, and a group described as Unsusceptible, which continue to interact with other mice at the same rate as never stressed controls. The model has other strengths. Repeated social defeat would appear to be a good model for some adverse human experience. Moreover, the traits that emerge in ...
In social neuroscience, prosocial behavior is sought in genes, brains and evolutionary past. Social is simultaneously understood as a capacity of the organisms brain to cope with the environment and as an evolutionary advantage of the species. This perspective on the social differs fundamentally from sociologys perspective, where the social can be anything from the sum of individual actions to power relations or social structures. The list of phenomena having been defined to be social in the course of the history of the social sciences is rather long and diverse as (Greenwood, 1997, p. 3) points out by giving a random collection of those phenomena: states, families, armies, religious organizations, literary societies, mobs, street brawls, people chatting on a street corner, the Roman Catholic Church, the Renaissance, insect communication, dominance hierarchies among primates, language, financial instruments, and traffic flow in a city. Thus, social is by no means an unambiguous term and ...
Game-theoretic models of network formation typically assume that people create relations so as to maximize their own outcome in the network. Recent experiments on network formation suggest that the assumption of self-interest might be unwarranted and that social preferences, such as altruism and inequality aversion, play a role in the formation of social networks. We developed an experiment to systematically investigate whether people show preferences for outcomes of others during network formation. We find that such preferences play a role when network decisions degenerate to simple two-person decision tasks. In more complex environments, however, we find little evidence for social preferences as a significant decision criterion. Furthermore, we find some evidence for farsighted behavior in network formation.. ...
Author(s): Hanson, Kari | Advisor(s): Semendeferi, Katerina | Abstract: The evolution of the human brain has yielded advanced cognitive capacities supporting the development of language, technologically advanced material culture, and highly complex social behavior that has allowed for the development of the rich diversity of human cultures. Comparative neuroanatomy in evolutionary perspective continues to make great strides in characterizing and defining unique elements of the human neuroanatomical phenotype at the gross and microscopic level that underlie these key behavioral adaptations. In conjunction with these studies, an understanding of the functional implications of derived anatomical traits is gained through analyses of neurodevelopmental disorders, which help to define a spectrum of variation in the diversity of human brain phenotypes. Williams syndrome (WS) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder caused by a hemideletion of ~1.6 Mb (25-28 genes) on human chromosome 7q11.23, a highly dynamic
BASF Report 2009 Economic, environmental and social performance Investing in the future: children in the BASF Kids Lab in Hong Kong BASF Group 2009 * Economic data (million ) Change in % Sales
The molecular and neural mechanisms regulating human social-emotional behaviors are fundamentally important but largely unknown; unraveling these requires a genetic systems neuroscience analysis of human models. Williams Syndrome (WS), a condition caused by deletion of ∼28 genes, is associated with a gregarious personality, strong drive to approach strangers, difficult peer interactions, and attraction to music. WS provides a unique opportunity to identify endogenous human gene-behavior mechanisms. Social neuropeptides including oxytocin (OT) and arginine vasopressin (AVP) regulate reproductive and social behaviors in mammals, and we reasoned that these might mediate the features of WS. Here we established blood levels of OT and AVP in WS and controls at baseline, and at multiple timepoints following a positive emotional intervention (music), and a negative physical stressor (cold). We also related these levels to standardized indices of social behavior. Results revealed significantly higher median
The Self-determination theory and The Vallerands Hierarchical Model has been studied with different types of social factors that can bring different consequences. The purpose of this work was if responsibility and social climate could predict the social and prosocial behaviors and vio-lence. For this, 429 students (M = 11.46, SD = 1.92) participated in this study answering a ques-tionnaire with five variables: school climate, responsibility, motivation, satisfaction of psycholog-ical needs, prosocial and antisocial behaviors and violence. The main results saw that the most part of variables were correlated positive and directly except with antisocial behaviors and vio-lence. On the other hand, prediction model (X2 = 584.145 (98); RMSEA = 0.104 [90% CI = 0.096, 0.112]; TLI = 0.849; CFI = 0.894) showed that responsibility and school climate can predict psy-chological basic needs and these needs, can improve the autonomous motivation and finally have positive consequences improving prosocial behaviors and
Infants innately relieve stress by crying, turning their heads or maintaining eye contact. Adults manage emotional tension using problem-solving or by seeking support. A new study by a University of Missouri human development ...
BACKGROUND: Recent research has revealed that the community of microorganisms inhabiting the gut affects brain development, function and behaviour. In particular, disruption of the gut microbiome during critical developmental windows can have lasting effects on host physiology. Both antibiotic exposure and germ-free conditions impact the central nervous system and can alter multiple aspects of behaviour. Social impairments are typically displayed by antibiotic-treated and germ-free animals, yet there is a lack of understanding of the underlying neurobiological changes. Since the μ-opioid, oxytocin and vasopressin systems are key modulators of mammalian social behaviour, here we investigate the effect of experimentally manipulating the gut microbiome on the expression of these pathways. RESULTS: We show that social neuropeptide signalling is disrupted in germ-free and antibiotic-treated mice, which may contribute to the behavioural deficits observed in these animal models. The most notable finding is
Theory of mind (ToM), the ability to attribute and reason about the mental states of others, is a strong determinant of social functioning among individuals with schizophrenia. Identifying the neural bases of ToM and their relationship to social functioning may elucidate functionally relevant neurobiological targets for intervention. ToM ability may additionally account for other social phenomena that affect social functioning, such as social anhedonia (SocAnh). Given recent research in schizophrenia demonstrating improved neural functioning in response to increased use of cognitive skills, it is possible that SocAnh, which decreases ones opportunity to engage in ToM, could compromise social functioning through its deleterious effect on ToM-related neural circuitry. Here, twenty individuals with schizophrenia and 18 healthy controls underwent fMRI while performing the False-Belief Task. Aspects of social functioning were assessed using multiple methods including self-report (Interpersonal ...
Elephants typically have very strong social bonds, and social interactions can include affiliative, agonistic, or ambiguous behaviors. The social interactions and dominance hierarchy between individuals of a herd depend upon many factors, including maternal lineage, age, and sex. This study was designed to determine how social behaviors among a herd of captive African elephants varied throughout the day and to establish if the frequency of social interactions and age class were correlated. The study also aimed to determine if handler perceptions of elephant personality were an accurate predictor of the type and frequency of social behaviors observed, in addition to the factors stated above. The research was performed at the African Elephant Research Unit at Knysna Elephant Park (KEP) in South Africa. The herd included 7 elephants in 3 age groups: juvenile (0-10 years), young adult (11-20 years), and adult (20+ years). Continuous, all-occurrence sampling of pre-determined affiliative, agonistic, and
Social phobia, also known as social anxiety disorder, is a common, often debilitating condition. People with social phobia experience high levels of anxiety when they participate in social situations or perform in front of others. Approximately 80% of social phobia cases occur before the age of 18, and often precede other anxiety, mood, and substance abuse or dependence disorders. Physical symptoms typically accompany the intense anxiety caused by the disorder, and may include blushing, profuse sweating, trembling, nausea, and difficulty talking. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown to be an effective treatment method for most people with social phobia. Approximately 30% of people with the disorder, however, do not respond to CBT treatment. A better understanding of the neural mechanisms underlying social phobia and CBTs effect on these mechanisms will help physicians to better predict the best treatment for different patients. This study will evaluate the effect of CBT on how the ...
Humans are a social species; our ability to function in a diverse range of social environments is indispensable to our livelihood. Although a large range of individual differences in social cognitive ability has been described in clinical and typically-developed populations, our understanding of the neurophysiological sources of individual differences in social cognition is incomplete. Taking the viewpoint that across-individual variances in social behavioral tendencies are the manifestations of differences in baseline and task-related functional properties of fundamental information-processing neural networks, this manuscript presents a series of experiments that aim to characterize the extent to which functional properties of basic brain networks can explain individual differences across a number of traits. The results of these experiments show that functional properties of the default network, the somatosensory network, and the emotion processing network predict several socially-relevant ...
Social Investigation and Rural England 1870-1914 - 9780861932573 By Mark Freeman: Buy its Hardcover Edition at lowest price online for Rs 4202 at
Social structure is proposed to influence the transmission of both directly and environmentally transmitted infectious agents. However in natural populations, many other factors also influence transmission, including variation in individual susceptibility and aspects of the environment that promote or inhibit exposure to infection. We used a population genetic approach to investigate the effects of social structure, environment, and host traits on the transmission of Escherichia coli infecting two populations of wild elephants: one in Amboseli National Park and another in Samburu National Reserve, Kenya. If E. coli transmission is strongly influenced by elephant social structure, E. coli infecting elephants from the same social group should be genetically more similar than E. coli sampled from members of different social groups. However, we found no support for this prediction. Instead, E. coli was panmictic across social groups, and transmission patterns were largely dominated by habitat and ...
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Search +Network science -Ron Burt -Animal social network +Structural hole +Physics +Jukka-Pekka Onnela +Physicists -Joerg Reichardt -Overlapping community structure +Innovation +Community validation +Social media and public health +Community structure ...
Summary Micro-organisms were believed until recently to live independent, unicellular lives but are now understood to rely on complex systems of social behaviours for survival. In pathogenic bacteria, cooperation and communication between cells leads to increased virulence and the understanding of how these behaviours evolve is of fundamental importance to the future of human health. Almost nothing is known, however, about social behaviours of bacteria infecting human hosts, and research on social behaviour in microbes is limited to well-characterised lab strains. This proposal describes a program of research designed to exploit the opportunities offered by an interdisciplinary approach to address the growing challenge posed to human health by disease caused by bacterial infection. Specifically, I have three primary objectives: (1) to develop a model system for investigating social behaviour in long-term bacterial infections; (2) to identify evolutionary mechanisms driving dynamics of social ...
Issues of Social Memory and their Challenges in the Global Age Elżbieta Halas To cite this version: Elżbieta Halas. Issues of Social Memory and their Challenges in the Global Age. Time & Society, Sage, 2008, 17 (1), pp.103-118. ,10.1177/0961463X07086305,. ,hal-00571038, HAL Id: hal-00571038 Submitted on 1 Mar 2011 HAL is a multi-disciplinary open access archive for the deposit and dissemination of scientific research documents, whether they are published or not. The documents may come from teaching and research institutions in France or abroad, or from public or private research centers. Larchive ouverte pluridisciplinaire HAL, est destinée au dépôt et à la diffusion de documents scientifiques de niveau recherche, publiés ou non, émanant des établissements denseignement et de recherche français ou étrangers, des laboratoires publics ou privés. Issues of Social Memory and their Challenges in the Global Age Elz.bieta Halas ...
Suspendisse viverra egestas eros. Duis tempus varius diam et condimentum. Donec elementum, mi ut posuere posuere, erat dui interdum ante, nec fringilla augue odio ac felis. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse quam mauris, tempus ut felis nec, rutrum cursus arcu. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Pellentesque id sodales elit. Quisque et dui vulputate, rutrum nunc a, ullamcorper tortor. Duis at libero vestibulum, aliquet diam a, pharetra mauris. Donec justo libero, suscipit eu dolor scelerisque, eleifend rhoncus quam. Nullam aliquet semper magna, commodo tincidunt risus varius tincidunt. Integer pulvinar ac libero non vulputate.. Vivamus et felis vitae dolor imperdiet pulvinar id eu dui. Donec ultrices sem nisl, ut porttitor purus scelerisque vel. Morbi eget lacinia ligula, eu condimentum urna. Maecenas id nisi a ex sollicitudin commodo. Duis imperdiet libero eget nibh volutpat, in iaculis felis varius. Nullam ullamcorper bibendum eros ...
Suspendisse viverra egestas eros. Duis tempus varius diam et condimentum. Donec elementum, mi ut posuere posuere, erat dui interdum ante, nec fringilla augue odio ac felis. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse quam mauris, tempus ut felis nec, rutrum cursus arcu. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Pellentesque id sodales elit. Quisque et dui vulputate, rutrum nunc a, ullamcorper tortor. Duis at libero vestibulum, aliquet diam a, pharetra mauris. Donec justo libero, suscipit eu dolor scelerisque, eleifend rhoncus quam. Nullam aliquet semper magna, commodo tincidunt risus varius tincidunt. Integer pulvinar ac libero non vulputate.. Vivamus et felis vitae dolor imperdiet pulvinar id eu dui. Donec ultrices sem nisl, ut porttitor purus scelerisque vel. Morbi eget lacinia ligula, eu condimentum urna. Maecenas id nisi a ex sollicitudin commodo. Duis imperdiet libero eget nibh volutpat, in iaculis felis varius. Nullam ullamcorper bibendum eros ...
Suspendisse viverra egestas eros. Duis tempus varius diam et condimentum. Donec elementum, mi ut posuere posuere, erat dui interdum ante, nec fringilla augue odio ac felis. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Suspendisse quam mauris, tempus ut felis nec, rutrum cursus arcu. Interdum et malesuada fames ac ante ipsum primis in faucibus. Pellentesque id sodales elit. Quisque et dui vulputate, rutrum nunc a, ullamcorper tortor. Duis at libero vestibulum, aliquet diam a, pharetra mauris. Donec justo libero, suscipit eu dolor scelerisque, eleifend rhoncus quam. Nullam aliquet semper magna, commodo tincidunt risus varius tincidunt. Integer pulvinar ac libero non vulputate.. Vivamus et felis vitae dolor imperdiet pulvinar id eu dui. Donec ultrices sem nisl, ut porttitor purus scelerisque vel. Morbi eget lacinia ligula, eu condimentum urna. Maecenas id nisi a ex sollicitudin commodo. Duis imperdiet libero eget nibh volutpat, in iaculis felis varius. Nullam ullamcorper bibendum eros ...
Ireland is in the middle of a catastrophized recession. This will come as no surprise to anyone in Ireland, though perhaps it is not known as well internationally as one might think. One of the crucial features of the time leading up to the boom was the activity of the property developers, the risk-taking darlings of the neo-liberal miracle. The developers built and built, while prices and availability of cheap credit grew. Until one day it all fell apart and the Irish economy collapsed into a heap on the floor. What was once prime residential housing, is now a toxic asset. A crucial feature of the post-crash Irish landscape is the presence of vacant or half-built houses and apartments. The question I want to address here is what those radicals concerned with social justice in Ireland should do in the face of this landscape. To get to the point, I would like to go back and point towards an alternate historiography which reveals that rights have been used in truly radical demands and ...
Introduction. Social adjustment is an umbrella term encompassing various aspects of peoples performance in social context. It is ones tendency to cope with all the difficulties that one may encounter in a social environment. Passer & smith (2011) refer to it as a life-long process that involves adjustment of an individual to the society and others in order to be accepted as member of the society. It is, therefore, the strive by individuals to cope with societal demands in order to be accepted by others. Interestingly, those who design and provide programmes for students in educational settings often seek to enhance aspect of social adjustment either as a primary outcome or as a value by product of other product activities (Yeseldyke & thurlow, 1993). It is almost certain that well developed social abilities affect virtually all aspects of ones life in social settings; hence, social adjustment is considered as moving forward with members of the society. Social adjustment is a psychological ...
The purpose of the study was to investigate how peoples endogenous levels of oxytocin were related to brain activity when they viewed social interactions, said Katie Lancaster, a Ph.D. candidate in psychology at the University of Virginia and first author of the study. We found that people with higher oxytocin levels showed greater recruitment of brain regions that support social cognition, suggesting that these people are naturally attending to the more social aspects of the interactions.. People with low levels of oxytocin showed less recruitment of these social brain areas; their brain activity resembles the patterns of neural activity previously observed when people focus on non-socially relevant information.. The study has implications for better understanding how oxytocin interacts with cognition in both healthy people and people with disordered social behavior. For example, low levels of oxytocin have previously been associated with social deficits often found in individuals with ...
Recent studies suggest that the tetracycline antibiotic minocycline, or its cousins, hold therapeutic potential for affective and psychotic disorders. This is proposed on the basis of a direct effect on microglia‐mediated frontocortical synaptic pruning (FSP) during adolescence, perhaps in genetically susceptible individuals harboring risk alleles in the complement component cascade that is involved in this normal process of CNS circuit refinement. In reviewing this field, it is argued that minocycline is actually probing and modulating a deeply evolved and intricate system wherein psychosocial stimuli sculpt the circuitry of the social brain underlying adult behavior and personality. Furthermore, this system can generate psychiatric morbidity that is not dependent on genetic variation. This view has important ramifications for understanding pathologies of human social behavior and cognition as well as providing long‐sought potential mechanistic links between social experience and ...
... organizational behavior; social, cognitive, and health psychology; communications; complex systems; evaluation science; ... Huang Y, Contractor N, Yao Y. CI-KNOW: Recommendation based on social networks. Paper presented at: 2009 Annual Conference for ... Aboelela SW, Merrill JA, Carley KM, Larson E. Social network analysis to evaluate an interdisciplinary research center. J ... Miller K. Successful collaborations: social scientists who study science have noticed a trend. Biomed Comp Rev. 2008:7-15. ...
Organizational Behavior; and Social Statistics. While most such schools offer only masters and PhD degrees in human resources ... Organizational Behavior, and Social Statistics. Established by the state legislature in 1945, the school is a statutory or ... The first two years consisted of many social science classes such as American history and government, sociology, psychology, ... and champion of both the Fair Labor Standards Act and the Social Security Act. Andy Stern, former President of the SEIU, holds ...
Homans, George Caspar (1974). Social behavior; its elementary forms (Rev. ed.). New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich. pp. 246- ... Social justice is also associated with social mobility, especially the ease with which individuals and families may move ... John Gray (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1991), Chapter 5. "social justice , Definition of social justice in English by ... saying that justice is a result of individual behavior and unpredictable market forces. Social justice is closely related to ...
Hudson, Jennifer L.; Rapee, Ronald M. (2000). "The Origins of Social Phobia". Behavior Modification. 24 (1): 102-129. doi: ... "capable of pro-social values and intelligent enough ('high IQ') to see the truth about the social world". The study determined ... Social issues, Social psychology, Subcultures, Sexual controversies, Incel-related violence). ... In the 2000s, incel communities became more extremist as they adopted behaviors common on forums like 4chan and Reddit, where ...
Bitgood, Stephen (1989). Bitgood, Stephen (ed.). "School Field Trips: An Overview" (PDF). Visitor Behavior. Center for Social ... One of the newer schools in Calgary is Tinker School and Social Enterprise School at STEM Learning Lab (2018) The model spread ...
Social behavior. 3: 107-111. doi:10.1016/j.cobeha.2015.03.001. ISSN 2352-1546. S2CID 53205769. Chugh, Dolly; Bazerman, Max H.; ... The Role of Self-Deception in Unethical Behavior". Social Justice Research. 17 (2): 223-236. doi:10.1023/B:SORE. ... It is often caused by external factors due to which an individual is unable to see the immoral aspect of their behavior in that ... Studies on individual unethicality have also looked at the role of social norms and as well as how we view others' unethical ...
Social Behavior and Personality. 41 (10): 1747-1756. doi:10.2224/sbp.2013.41.10.1747. Farh, Jiing-Lih; Hackett, Rick D.; Liang ... social and political) concepts, Social concepts, Social inequality, Social justice, Social systems). ... Social Behavior & Personality. 43 (6): 1043-1054. doi:10.2224/sbp.2015.43.6.1043. Velo, Veronica (2011). Cross-Cultural ... Thus, voice behavior and expression rely on the transformational leadership style often seen in low power distance cultures. ...
Yin, Xu; Jin-Song, Huang (2014). "Effects Of Price Discounts And Bonus Packs On Online Impulse Buying". Social Behavior & ... Although there are aspects that can determine a consumer's shopping behavior, there are many outside factors that can influence ... However, because of this habitual behavior, "consumers may perceive the ($14) difference between $93 and $79 as greater than ... "increasingly implement promotional campaigns that will be effective in triggering consumer impulse buying behavior" to increase ...
Social Behavior & Personality. 38 (3): 415-426. doi:10.2224/sbp.2010.38.3.415. Chao, Cheng-Min (2019). "Factors Determining the ... Women considered social media to be beneficial, and men exhibited more confidence in actively utilizing social media. Verhoeven ... social support in using instant messaging and found that social influence plays an important role in affecting online social ... theory of planned behavior, a combined theory of planned behavior/technology acceptance model, model of personal computer use, ...
Pratt D. M.; Anderson V. H. (1985). "Giraffe social behavior". Journal of Natural History. 19 (4): 771-81. doi:10.1080/ ... Males establish social hierarchies through "necking", combat bouts where the neck is used as a weapon. Dominant males gain ... VanderWaal, K. L.; Wang, H.; McCowan, B.; Fushing, H.; Isbell, L. A. (2014). "Multilevel social organization and space use in ... Bercovitch, F. B.; Berry, P. S. M. (2013). "Herd composition, kinship and fission-fusion social dynamics among wild giraffe". ...
Fox, Stanley; McCoy, Kelly; Baird, Troy (2003). Lizard Social Behavior. p. 49. Birkhead, T.R.; Martinez, J. G.; Burke, T.; ... Sacki, Yoriko; Kruse, Kip C; Switzer, Paul V (2005). "The social environment affects mate guarding behavior in Japanese Beetles ... Offensive adaptation behavior differs from defensive behavior because it involves an attempt to ruin the chances of another ... This offensive behavior is facilitated by the presence of certain traits, which are called armaments. An example of an armament ...
Primate Social Behavior. University of Michigan. Altmann, J.; Samuels, A. (1992). "Costs of maternal care: infant-carrying in ... Infants may also gain valuable social skills by interacting with allomothers. Infants may form social-alliances of their own, ... Another explanation is that selection for allomaternal behavior may just be a by-product of selection for maternal behavior, ... This behavior makes the allowance of allocare by mothers riskier. Higher levels of abuse in allomaternal infant handling and a ...
Social Behavior & Personality. 43 (9): 1419-1427. doi:10.2224/sbp.2015.43.9.1419. Schmitt, B (2012). "The consumer psychology ... Consumers who purchase luxury brands tend to have a strong social function within their social class. Retail brands Lifestyle ... jewellery themselves, with the aim to seek social benefits or fit into a particular group (Athaide & Klink, 2012). Brand ... Orzan, G.; Platon, O.; Stefanescu, C. D.; Orzan, M. (2016). "Conceptual model regarding the influence of social media marketing ...
... social behavior or ... personal or personality characteristics ... [or] legally protected characteristics or categories". The ... As a result, generated images reinforce social biases and are from a western perspective as the creators note that the model ...
Hormones & Social Behavior. 30 (4): 534-547. doi:10.1016/j.yfrne.2009.05.004. ISSN 0091-3022. PMC 2748133. PMID 19481567. ... "Oxytocin and the neural mechanisms regulating social cognition and affiliative behavior". Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology. ... Health behaviors, such as physical activity and sleep hygiene, can also have powerful effects on our capacity to successfully ... Oxytocin is a hormone that has been linked to a wide range of positive social and emotional functions and can be used to ...
Regan, PC; Atkins, L (2006). "Sex Differences and Similarities in Frequency and Intensity of Sexual Desire". Social Behavior & ... Accurately assessing people's sexual behavior is difficult, since there are strong social and personal motivations, depending ... Testing Evolutionary and Social Structural Theories". Archives of Sexual Behavior. 38 (5): 631-51. doi:10.1007/s10508-007-9242- ... but evolutionary biology as well as social and cultural factors have also been observed to influence sexual behavior and ...
Reed, J. Ann; Blunk, Elizabeth M. (1990). "The Influence of Facial Hair on Impression Formation". Social Behavior & Personality ... They have also been used to make a social or political point as with: Marcel Duchamp's L.H.O.O.Q. (1919), a parody of the Mona ... This has become somewhat of a social norm within the church itself. This often leads those members who do choose to wear ... The decreased perception of social maturity of the men with moustaches may partially be due to the increase in the perception ...
Social Behavior & Personality. 9 (1): 53. doi:10.2224/sbp.1981.9.1.53. ISSN 0301-2212. (Articles with short description, Short ... The widespread social acceptance of women showing their legs in public can subconsciously affect men's perceptions. In a 1981 ... Areas of the body deemed sexually-desirable are affected by contemporary social norms and dress codes. A substantial portion of ...
Regan, P.C.; Atkins, L. (2006). "Sex Differences and Similarities in Frequency and Intensity of Sexual Desire". Social Behavior ... One's social situation can refer to the social circumstances of life, their present stage of life, or the state of their ... Testing Evolutionary and Social Structural Theories". Archives of Sexual Behavior. 38 (5): 631-651. doi:10.1007/s10508-007-9242 ... As social beings, many people seek lifetime partners and wish to experience that connection and intimacy. People often consider ...
Yang, Guodong (2020). "Workplace fun and employee creativity: the mediating role of psychological safety". Social Behavior & ... Organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) refer to behaviors like altruism and compliance that are not formal tasks in that ... Social-oriented activities create social events that are organizational-based (i.e. company barbecue or Christmas office party ... Due to the social nature of the interactions of the employees, emotional intelligence is essential in order to work well with ...
Fazio, Russell H; Zanna, Mark P (1981). Direct experience and attitude-behavior consistency. Advances in Experimental Social ... Social Media impact on politics ELM has been utilized to look at the effect of social media on politics. One study on the ... Robert Cialdini's Principles of Social Influence (1984), which include commitment, social proof, scarcity, reciprocation, ... Social Behavior & Personality. 37 (1): 137-143. doi:10.2224/sbp.2009.37.1.137. Ho, S.; Bodoff, D. (2014). "The Effects Of Web ...
Collective Behavior". Social Psychology. pp. 298-299. Fairclough, Adam (August 1986). "The Preachers and the People: The ... the ICC and the spontaneous and irregular nature of the boycott's initiation commensurate with traditional collective behavior ...
Chappell, Allison; Piquero, Alex (2004). "Applying Social Learning Theory". Deviant Behavior. 25 (2): 89-108. doi:10.1080/ ... The social aspect is perhaps easiest to define, because even one corrupt officer in a department can generate an overall ... Corrupted behavior can be caused by the behavioral change of the officer within the department's "subculture". A subculture is ... Social Problems, 21(3), 423-437. "The Little Cards That Tell Police 'Let's Forget This Ever Happened'". Katie Way. Vice News. ...
Tight cultures have strong social norms and adherence coupled with low tolerance for behavior that deviates from those norms, ... This is perhaps because interviews are one of the few social situations where narcissistic behaviors, such as boasting actually ... Snyder, Mark (October 1974). "Self-monitoring of expressive behavior". Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 30 (4): ... Similarly, someone with strong social skills may perform better in a job interview, as well as in other social situations, ...
3: Social behavior and applications (2nd ed.), Boston: Allyn and Bacon, ISBN 978-0-205-16074-7, retrieved 24 June 2010 Learning ... Best, D.; J. Williams (1997). "Social Behavior and Applications; Sex, Gender, and Culture". Handbook of Cross-Cultural ... taking into account the ways in which behaviors are shaped and influenced by social and cultural forces" and "the empirical ... Progress in Asian Social Psychology. 1: 135-146. Myers, David G. (2010). Social psychology (Tenth ed.). New York, NY. ISBN ...
Staub, Ervin (1978). Positive Social Behavior and Morality: Social and Personal Influences, Volume 1. Academic Press Inc. pp. ... Social Behavior and Personality. 18 (2): 235-238. doi:10.2224/sbp.1990.18.2.235. Harper, David J.; Manasse, Paul R. (1992). " ... Many philosophers and social theorists have observed and considered the phenomenon of belief in a just world, going back to at ... Critical Issues in Social Justice. New York: Plenum. pp. 1-7. doi:10.1007/978-1-4757-6418-5_1. ISBN 978-1-4419-3306-5. Furnham ...
Gini, G. (2006). "Social cognition and moral cognition in bullying: What's wrong?". Aggressive Behavior. 32 (6): 528-539. doi: ... Baldwin, Thomas F.; Lewis, Colby (1972). "Violence in television: The industry looks at itself". Television and Social Behavior ... Bandura, Albert (1986). Social Foundations of Thought and Action: A Social Cognitive Theory. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc. pp ... The more immoral the contrasting behavior is, the more likely it is that one's destructive behavior will seem less bad. For ...
Shared expectations of age-appropriate behavior can pressure an individual into marriage. Depictions of love in social media ... Kim, Jungsik; Hatfield, Elaine (2004). "Love Types and Subjective Well-Being: A Cross-Cultural Study". Social Behavior and ... In the 17th century, one's family would pick the person one was going to marry based on social class and economical status. In ... People believe in going on dates, having casual sex, and are open to meeting new people on social media or dating apps. Customs ...
Wu, Ming-Shian (2016). "Why Taiwanese people do not comply with Facebook's real name policy". Social Behavior and Personality. ... The social networking website Facebook has maintained the real-name system policy for user profiles. According to Facebook, the ... The Facebook real-name policy controversy is a controversy over social networking site Facebook's real-name system, which ...
Behavior does not always indicate a person's attitude. The second element in the social judgment theory is ego involvement. ... "Self-awareness, one's ability to respond differently to his own behavior and its controlling variables, is a product of social ... Social Influence Social Psychology Carl Hovland "Theories of self-persuasion". 2017-10-27. Aronson, E. (1995). "The power of ... "Engaging Students In Social Judgment Theory." Communication Teacher 24.4 (2010): 197-202. Print. Social judgment theory Petty, ...
In recent years social media has been more commonly used. Controversy[edit]. Main article: Counter-recruitment § Arguments ... "Aggressive and Violent Behavior Among Military Personnel Deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan: Prevalence and Link With Deployment ... 1998). "The all-volunteer force in the 1970s". Social Science Quarterly. 72 (2): 390-411. JSTOR 42863796.. ... Arkin, William; Dobrofsky, Lynne R. (1978-01-01). "Military Socialization and Masculinity". Journal of Social Issues. 34 (1): ...
2013 Advanced Study Institute, 3-5 June 2013 (Vimeo video). Montreal: Division of Social and Transcultural Psychiatry, McGill ... Choiceless awareness has been examined within the context of philosophy of perception and behavior,[29] while studies have ... Söring, Jens (November 2003). "The Kenotic Convict: A Divertissement on Contemporary Contemplative Spirituality in its Social ...
Baird, A. (1956/1923). "Bypassing the Will: Towards Demystifying the Nonconscious Control of Social Behavior", in A. Baird, I ... thoughts, behavior, and organic functions.. Indeed, it was so powerful that it controlled us like puppets, unless we in turn. ...
Heck finds the behavior of Alex more realistic than the stereotypical nymphomaniac of porn movies, and notes that Lust's view ... and the constrained social situations within which fantasies are lived.[40] Álvaro Martín Sanz, professor of film studies at ... Maes finds The Good Girl little different than mainstream porn due to the generally passive behavior of the female character ...
A Map Of Social (Network) Dominance. Vincenzo Cosenza. 2009-06-07 [2019-04-29]. (原始内容存档于2018-02-05).. ... Some Web Firms Say They Track Behavior Without Explicit Consent. The Washington Post (The Washington Post Company). 2008-08-12 ...
Energy Research & Social Science. 49: 36-40. doi:10.1016/j.erss.2018.10.018.. ... In 2020, physics researchers at Radboud University and Uppsala University announced they had observed a behavior known as "self ... With this advancement in high-precision imaging, we were able to discover the behavior in neodymium, because we could resolve ...
Others have tried to explain Pilate's behavior in the Gospels as motivated by a change of circumstances from that shown in ... have argued that there is no real discrepancy between Pilate's behavior in Josephus and Philo and that in the Gospels.[74][92] ...
Television and Social Behavior, Volume 2: Television and Social Learning (pp. 202-317). Washington, DC: US Government Printing ... A. Bandura (1976) Social Learning Theory. New Jersey, US: Prentice-Hall.. *A. Bandura (1986) Social Foundations of Thought and ... His research found that behavior is influenced by observing the behavior of others and imitating it.[6] Central to this theory ... social learning theory suggests that watching others be rewarded and punished can indirectly influence behavior.[11] This is ...
Human Behavior and Evolution Society. *Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. *Max Planck Institute for Human ... Social constructionism. *Social determinism. *Standard social science model. *Ethology. *Evolutionary medicine *Criticism of ...
Framing (social sciences) - Effect of how information is presented on perception. *Hey, Rube! - Slang phrase used by 19th ... Albertson, Bethany L. (2015). "Dog-Whistle Politics: Multivocal Communication and Religious Appeals". Political Behavior. 37 (1 ... Wedge issue - Divisive political or social issue. References[edit]. .mw-parser-output .reflist{font-size:90%;margin-bottom:0.5 ... and retrenching the social welfare state. He argues that these same voters cannot link rising inequality which has affected ...
Behavior[change , change source]. Lions live in groups that are called prides. 10 to 40 lions may live in a pride. Each pride ... Compared to other cats, lions are social. A group of lions is called a pride. In a pride of lions, there are related females, ... "Behavior and Diet". African Wildlife Foundation website. African Wildlife Foundation. 1996. Retrieved 14 June 2015.. ...
a b Tucker, Spencer C. The Encyclopedia of the Cold War: A Political, Social, and Military History. (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC- ... behavior."[32] ...
The book was published in January 2016.[169] In September 2017, an image of the page was widely circulated on social media.[170 ... Turner was released after serving half of his sentence for good behavior.[13] In December 2017, Turner appealed his sentence. ... The statement articulated that "social class" should not be factored into the sentence: "The fact that Brock was a star athlete ... but as an opportunity to send a strong cultural message that sexual assault is against the law regardless of social class." Doe ...
In the social media space, web APIs have allowed web communities to facilitate sharing content and data between communities and ... This metadata can be used by the compiler, tools, and by the run-time environment to implement custom behaviors or custom ... The API describes and prescribes the "expected behavior" (a specification) while the library is an "actual implementation" of ... all observable behaviors of your system will be depended on by somebody." Meanwhile, several studies show that most ...
Ecological and eco-social models for the introduction of the abalone Haliotis discus hannai into benthic systems of north- ... Predator diversity strengthens trophic cascades in kelp forests by modifying herbivore behavior. Ecology Letters 9: 61-71. ...
A code of conduct that outlines acceptable behavior within the unit or group.[16] This may include a legal or ethical code (e.g ... "Social Philosophy and Policy. 24 (2): 130-152. doi:10.1017/S0265052507070197. S2CID 144268937.. ... social groups, affinity groups, legal bodies, industry bodies, religions, and political entities of various degree.[4][5][6] ...
Like other social wasps, hornets build communal nests by chewing wood to make a papery pulp. Each nest has one queen, which ... In field tests, 2-pentanol alone triggered mild alarm and defensive behavior, but adding the other two compounds increased ... Hornets, like many social wasps, can mobilize the entire nest to sting in defense, which is highly dangerous to humans and ... Wheeler, W.M. (1922) Social Life Among the Insects. II. The Scientific Monthly 15(1): 68-88 ...
Social media has begun to play a very large role in the way media and marketing intermingle to reach a consumer base. Social ... are used to create a connection with the target consumer and influence the behavior.[7] Traditional methods of communication ... Depending on the age group and demographic, social media can influence a company's overall image. Using social media as a ... "Why Social Media Marketing Is Important For Any Business". 13 December 2010. Retrieved 2018-03-30.. ...
Many aspects of human perceptual and motor behavior can be modeled with Bayesian statistics. This approach, with its emphasis ... Action and behavior: A free-energy formulation, Biol Cybern. 2010. 102:227-60 ... Social cognitive neuroscience. Interdisciplinary. fields. *Consumer neuroscience. *Cultural neuroscience. *Educational ...
"Human Rights and Social Issues at the U.N.: A Guide for U.S. Policymakers" Archived 6 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine, ... Frost, Nick, Child Welfare: Major Themes in Health and Social Welfare, Taylor and Francis, 2004, p. 175; Routledge, 2005, ISBN ... Davies, Martin, The Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Social Work, Blackwell, 2000, p. 354. ISBN 978-0-631-21451-9 ... social, health and cultural rights of children.[4] The Convention defines a child as any human being under the age of eighteen ...
"Portable rock art 'social glue' for early humans in Ice Age". Retrieved 31 August 2020.. ... Gray, S.M.; McKinnon, J.S. (2006). "A comparative description of mating behavior in the endemic telmatherinid fishes of ...
Rijksen, H. D. (1978). "A field study on Sumatran orang utans (Pongo pygmaeus abelli, Lesson 1827)". Ecology, Behavior and ... The Sumatran orangutan is more social than its Bornean counterpart; groups gather to feed on the mass amounts of fruit on fig ... However, this comes at a risk to the Sumatran orangutan's native behaviors in the wild. While in captivity, the orangutans are ... Singleton, I.; van Schaik, C. P. (2002). "The social organisation of a population of Sumatran orang-utans". Folia Primatologica ...
The police can't deal with the problems and issues arising from crime and anti-social behavior alone; they need the help of the ... becomes more relevant to homeowners and renters alike and the introduction of social media as a way of connecting communities. ...
She has a bachelor of arts degree in Greek and English from Stanford University and master's degrees in human behavior and ...
Thomas Uva and Rosemarie Uva robbed several mafia social clubs and was killed for this motive by Dominick Pizzonia in the 1992 ... had his bail revoked for his abrasive behavior in preliminary hearings, a frustrated Gotti instead promoted Armone to underboss ... On December 11, 1990, FBI agents and NYPD detectives raided the Ravenite Social Club, arresting Gravano, Gotti and Locascio. ...
Misinformation about its governance circulated.[26] Conservative social-media personality Andy Ngo shared a video on June 15 of ... criminal behavior and lawlessness, some residents moved out and others installed security cameras. A man who said he "100 ... leading to accusations that law enforcement enables his behavior.[149] Toese was later arrested for violating probation, due to ... "authoritarian behavior", and video of the clashes went viral.[145] ...
"Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. 69 (2): 148-159. doi:10.1016/j.jebo.2007.09.008. ISSN 0167-2681.. This estimate ... The Great Leap Forward (Second Five Year Plan) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) was an economic and social campaign led ... These private bonds were social glue. To mourn and to celebrate is to be human. To share joy, grief, and pain is humanizing."[ ... Restrictions on rural people were enforced with public struggle sessions and social pressure, and forced labor was also exacted ...
... as things that excited lust leading to behavior that harmed individuals, families, and societies.[5] Graham was strongly ... Social Networks and Archival Context. Retrieved from " ...
... wildfire behavior and the effects of wildfire on certain areas. It has helped understanding of how different features and ... and study aspects of social and political change through visible change. In Beijing for example, a series of ring roads started ... and it is believed that that was an important factor on the behavior of the wildfire. Landsat imagery, and satellite imagery in ...
The earliest evidence for the complex behavior associated with this behavioral modernity has been found in the Greater Cape ... GCFR is delimited to the north by the Cape Fold Belt and the limited space south of it resulted in the development of social ... "Emergence of modern human behavior: Middle Stone Age engravings from South Africa" (PDF). Science. 295 (5558): 1278-1280. ...
... suggests that two social behavior patterns (social scratch and groom slap) have been culturally transmitted within these ... studies that use entirely different methodologies to identify culture in hunting behavior and in social behavior respectively, ... Social Learning: Does culture shape hunting behavior in bonobos?. New evidence that neighboring communities of bonobos hunt ... The transmission of behavior via such social learning may also extend across generations to provide a secondary form of ...
Learn more about what Social and Behavior Change activities CDC uses to promote healthy behaviors like handwashing, using ... What Is Social and Behavior Change?. Social and behavior change (SBC) activities use theory-driven approaches from ... Health behaviors are complex and influenced by many factors within an individual and their social and physical environment. ... Community engagement is at the core of effective social and behavior change and is important to developing appropriate programs ...
Changing cultural and social norms that support violence  World Health Organization (‎World Health OrganizationWorld Health ... Social and behavioural insights COVID-19 data collection tool for Africa  World Health Organization. Regional Office for ... Alcohol and its social consequences - the forgotten dimension by Harald Klingemann  Klingemann, Harald; World Health ... The behavioural and social aspects of malaria and its control : an introduction and annotated biliography / H. Kristian. ...
Study: High Social Class Predicts Unethical Behavior. .css-mosdo-Dek-Dek{margin:0px;color:var(--secondary-text-color);font-size ...
Social Norms and Behavior Change. Corrupt behaviors are usually influenced by public norms and attitudes about what is ... Cognitive, psychological and social science insights can influence the motivations, attitudes, values, and actions of those ... This page provides information, guidance, and tools for practitioners who seek to integrate social norms and behavioral change ... acceptable or required in certain situations, but corruption does not have to be a social inevitability. ...
... preferences of encountering or actively avoiding undesired content and conflicts in social interaction... , Find, read and cite ... Problem Gambling and Social Media: Social Psychological Study on Youth Behavior in Online Gaming Communities. *. Atte Oksanen ... The social mechanisms that guide the formation of the social structure of the social media sphere are evaluated in Article II. ... The surveys measured problem gambling, addictive behavior, social media usage, subjective well-being and social relationships. ...
... social deprivation, home crowding, or school characteristics had little or no effect. Social behavior, rather than age or sex, ... Social Behavior and Meningococcal Carriage in British Teenagers. Emerging Infectious Diseases. 2006;12(6):950-957. doi:10.3201/ ... In conclusion, this study suggests that the rise in meningococcal carriage in teenagers is driven by changes in social behavior ... MacLennan, J., Kafatos, G., Neal, K., Andrews, N., Cameron, J., Roberts, R....Stuart, J. M. (2006). Social Behavior and ...
... eMarketer explores US social media usage patterns during the start of the coronavirus pandemic and discusses three activities ... 2020 US SOCIAL MEDIA USAGE: How the Coronavirus is Changing Consumer Behavior. Alexandra Samet ... Which consumer behavior trends on social media will continue after the pandemic and how can we prepare for any expected shifts? ... This year, US adult social network users will spend 7 more minutes per day on social networks than in 2019, but time spent will ...
Social Behavior and Personality: an international journal. ISSN 0301-2212 (Print) Visit publication homepage ... The Journals core purpose is scientific communication in the disciplines of Social Psychology, Developmental and Personality ...
Social behavior disrupted efficient foraging. Connecting social behavior to foraging behavior can help explain the numerous ... Leah M. Peterson and Floyd W. Weckerly "Social behavior and changes in foraging behavior in a gregarious ungulate," Journal of ... Leah M. Peterson, Floyd W. Weckerly "Social behavior and changes in foraging behavior in a gregarious ungulate," Journal of ... Intersexual differences in social behavior might disrupt restricted area searching that, in turn, might affect ecological ...
Impact Of Social Media On Human Behavior. TEDx Talks titled, "Social Medias Impact on Human Behavior," is about how social ... Contemporary Human Behavior Theory : A Critical Perspective For Social Work. likely to take part in risky behavior. In the ... Study Of Organizational Behavior ( Ob ). STUDY OF ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR INTRODUCTION The study of Organizational Behavior (OB ... Diversity Impact on Individual Behavior. Diversity Impact on Individual Behavior Behavior refers to the actions or reactions of ...
One reason is the exclusivity they exhibit in their social behavior. ... Puget Sound resident orcas limited by social behavior. Southern Resident orcas are declining while other orcas are thriving. ... Southern Resident killer whales are defined by social behavior which revolves around a diet of salmon. Unlike other killer ... "Transients are so much more fluid in their behavior whereas residents are closed off from associating with other populations ...
Title:The language and social behavior of innovators. Authors:A. Fronzetti Colladon, L. Toschi, E. Ughetto, F. Greco ... From this, we explain how innovators differ from other employees in terms of social network behavior and language ... Computation and Language (cs.CL); Social and Information Networks (cs.SI); Physics and Society (physics.soc-ph). ...
... which then influences a neural circuit controlling social behavior in the brain, making the mouse exhibit antisocial behaviors ... Identifying the Neural Link Between Gut Bacteria and Social Behavior in Mice ... Germ-free mice that were colonized with E. faecalis showed improved social behaviors and lowered corticosterone levels. The ... The paper is titled Microbiota regulate social behavior via stress response neurons in the brain. Wei-Li Wu is the studys ...
As the social media landscape has evolved, marketers have focused on the trends and psychology of sharing. However, as the ... So how do social media platforms impact consumer behavior? And how and why do social media networks such as LinkedIn, Facebook ... Three examples of the psychology of social networks influencing user behavior. As the social media landscape has evolved, ... Social media networks do dictate consumer behavior but at the same time their success relies on it. ...
Longitudinal relations among child care stability during the prekindergarten year and behavior problems *Read more about ... Read more about Preliminary examination of the reliability and validity of the teacher rating Scale of Social Competence and ... Preliminary examination of the reliability and validity of the teacher rating Scale of Social Competence and School Adjustment ... Read more about The relation between teacher and child race, teacher perceptions of disruptive behavior, and exclusionary ...
Traditionally considered in the realm of psychology, social behavior research ha … ... Social behavior encompasses a number of distinctive and complex constructs that form the core elements of human imitative ... Social behavior encompasses a number of distinctive and complex constructs that form the core elements of human imitative ... Neuroanatomical Substrates of Rodent Social Behavior: The Medial Prefrontal Cortex and Its Projection Patterns Front Neural ...
Moving Under the Social Media Umbrella. Big companies have rushed head long into the social media space creating social media ... departments and titles like Social Media Strategist, Community Manager, and Director of Conversation. You know, Ive never been ...
... : topics, ideas, resources, and sample projects. ... Childrens Behavior. Personality Psychology. Social Behavior. Prejudices & Stereotypes. Religions & Beliefs. Color in ... Social Behavior. Science Fair Projects. Ideas and Sample Projects by Grade Level. .cutica1 { width: 320px; height: 100px; } @ ... Determine if it is possible to influence a person to act outside of their "normal" behavior [E] [E] Is Peer Review Valid? [E] [ ...
... there have been growing concerns about online sexual solicitations and online sexual risk behaviors. Recent studies suggest ... Unwanted Online Sexual Solicitation and Online Sexual Risk Behavior: 10.4018/978-1-4666-0315-8.ch068: In recent years, ... "Unwanted Online Sexual Solicitation and Online Sexual Risk Behavior." Encyclopedia of Cyber Behavior, edited by Zheng Yan, IGI ... "Unwanted Online Sexual Solicitation and Online Sexual Risk Behavior." In Encyclopedia of Cyber Behavior. edited by Yan, Zheng, ...
Human Behavior and Social Environment Courses ???message.welcome.second.part??? ... You are here: ,Home Page ,Social Work & Human Services , Human Behavior and Social Environment Courses ... Social Work & Human Services *Human Behavior and Social Environment Courses *HBSE I ... Human Behavior and the Larger Social Environment: Context for Social Work Practice and Advocacy. Fourth Edition ...
... at Personal Branding Blog - Stand Out In Your Career ... Home › Posts tagged Useful Analysis of Social Behavior. Blog Archives 5 Reasons Startups Cant Afford to Ignore Big Data. ... Useful Analysis of Social Behavior. Posted in entrepreneurship ...
A new study has found that serotonin is the key to social behavior after scientists gave MDMA to octopuses and observed their ... Scientists are giving octopuses MDMA to reveal the origins of social behavior. Octopuses on MDMA really like each other, ... by more than 500 million years of evolution with them and the goal was to uncovering the ancient origins of social behavior. ... That said, after a dose of MDMA, scientists found that octopuses become more "touchy-feely" and their antisocial behavior ...
Social relationships and caregiving behavior between recently orphaned chimpanzee siblings Citation:. RB Reddy and JC Mitani. ... "Social relationships and caregiving behavior between recently orphaned chimpanzee siblings." Primates, 60, 5, Pp. 389-400. ... We also show how the behavior of individuals in the four recently orphaned sibling pairs contrasts to the behavior displayed by ... furnished an opportunity to document how maternal death influenced the social relationships of siblings. We describe social ...
Spokesman Brent Campbell says this is just the latest example of a growing trend in troubling social media behavior. ... WSFC Schools Battle Troubling Social Media Behavior 1:03am February 16, 2018. by David Ford ... What do students need to know about poor social media behavior and its implications for them? ... Dont negatively impact your future by using social media in a degrading or a destructive way. So often, I dont think students ...
Little is known about how social behavior develops in the earliest stages of life. But most animals--including humans--are born ... Animal study pinpoints a gene that is vital for development of earliest social behaviors. *Download PDF Copy ... Geng, Y., et al. (2022) Top2a promotes the development of social behavior via PRC2 and H3K27me3. Science Advances. ... Little is known about how social behavior develops in the earliest stages of life. But most animals--including humans--are born ...
Evolving Social Behaviors are Reshaping the Client-Advisor Relationship. Investors want more mobile-friendly, engaging ... NEW YORK, New York - April 12, 2019 - Evolving social behaviors and technology innovations are reshaping investor preferences ... The survey shows that Facebook is the most preferred social media network for advisor-client engagement, with 61 percent of ... "Its clear investors want to interact with their advisors on social channels and want high-quality, engaging and actionable ...
Last 2021, 71% of social media exceeded its user growth from the previous years. ... social media plays an influential role in customers lives. ... How Does Social Media Influences Customers Buying Behavior? By ... Finally! Social Media & Consumer Behavior. Social media positioned itself between the brands and buyers where consumers can ... 3. Consumers Look For Social Media Reviews. Social media is a perfect example of social proof, which grows with a must-win ...
Despite the popular use of social media by consumers and marketers, empirical research investigating their economic values ... Social Media Brand Community and Consumer Behavior: Quantifying the Relative Impact of User- and Marketer-Generated Content. ... Keywords: social media, brand community, consumer behavior, user-generated content, marketer-generated content, communication ... Goh, Khim Yong and Heng, Cheng-Suang and Lin, Zhijie, Social Media Brand Community and Consumer Behavior: Quantifying the ...
Its not just bad behavior - why social media design makes it hard to have constructive disagreements online. By Amanda Baughan ... not all social media are the same. People can spend a lot of time on a social media site and not engage in arguments (e.g. ... One way social media platforms can intervene: move squabbles out of public discussions. Someone Is Wrong on the Internet: ... Redesigning social media for better arguing. We asked participants how proposed design interactions could improve their ...
  • CDC uses behavior change activities to promote healthy behaviors like handwashing , using sanitation facilities , and following safe food and water handling practices. (
  • Stigma can also make people more likely to hide symptoms or illness, keep them from seeking health care immediately, and prevent individuals from adopting healthy behaviors. (
  • These can include a person's health knowledge and beliefs, social norms, environmental factors (such as water access), and local or national rules and policies. (
  • Corrupt behaviors are usually influenced by public norms and attitudes about what is acceptable or required in certain situations, but corruption does not have to be a social inevitability. (
  • This page provides information, guidance, and tools for practitioners who seek to integrate social norms and behavioral change approaches into their programming. (
  • In this talk, I will discuss how different social processes - social norms, social support, and place attachment - shape the ways that individuals respond to threats and changes in their biophysical environment. (
  • Communicators developed public health messaging to help change social norms and customs for burials. (
  • Due to the impact of Zika virus infection during pregnancy, social norms and perceptions around provider visits had to be addressed to alleviate concerns about the cost of screening. (
  • Researchers at University Hospital Bonn have shown in a new study that the bonding hormone oxytocin together with social norms significantly increases the willingness to donate money to refugees in need, even in people who tend to have a skeptical attitude towards migrants. (
  • The researchers assumed that the addition of social norms could be a starting point. (
  • The 25 beliefs can be categorized into 7 elements of mental models of persons, namely beliefs about risk for COVID-19 regarding oneself, risk for COVID-19 regarding one's loved ones, safety of vaccination, effectiveness of vaccination, (social) benefits of vaccination, alternatives to vaccination, social norms regarding vaccination behavior, and accessibility of vaccination. (
  • Part 1 included a rule-following task measuring individuals' social norms sensitivities. (
  • Here, we tested whether differences in the social behavior and cognition of bonobos and chimpanzees derive from shifts in their ontogeny, looking at behaviors pertaining to feeding competition in particular. (
  • Define and differentiate affect, behavior, and cognition as considered by social psychologists. (
  • Summarize the principles of social cognition. (
  • Social psychology is based on the ABCs of affect, behavior , and cognition ( Figure 1.2 "The ABCs of Affect, Behavior, and Cognition" ). (
  • Human beings rely on the three capacities of affect, behavior, and cognition, which work together to help them create successful social interactions. (
  • Now let's consider separately the roles of cognition, affect, and behavior. (
  • Humans are highly intelligent, and they use cognition in every part of their social lives. (
  • A big part of its job is social cognition-thinking about and understanding other people. (
  • Social cognition involves the active interpretation of events. (
  • According to scientists increased blood flow suggests that in persons with ASD there is delayed neurodevelopment in these front areas of the brain that are responsible for social-emotional cognition. (
  • The "resting state" of your mind is to activate the network in the brain that's involved with social cognition. (
  • Social cognition" is a fancy term to describe thinking about yourself, others, or the relation of yourself to the world. (
  • Across chapters, readers will come to appreciate the new field of "comparative evolutionary psychology," which successfully combines laboratory and field approaches, drawing on diverse methodologies and theoretical viewpoints to elucidate the mysteries of animal behavior and cognition. (
  • Suitable for seasoned researchers and graduate students alike, this volume reflects a range of views on human and non-human behavior and cognition, and advances these topics in a wide range of species. (
  • And these types of negative behaviors really have an impact on everyone around them. (
  • The first section contains 25 questions regarding both positive and negative behaviors in children. (
  • Stigma can lead to labeling, stereotyping, discrimination external icon , and other negative behaviors toward others. (
  • Speaking out against negative behaviors and statements, including those on social media. (
  • Which consumer behavior trends on social media will continue after the pandemic and how can we prepare for any expected shifts? (
  • So how do social media platforms impact consumer behavior? (
  • Either way it influenced consumer behavior immediately and people's desire and need to share. (
  • This also represents a shift, not only in Facebook's need to become even more relevant, but in consumer behavior. (
  • When looking at the potential privacy nightmare, it is clear to see that this change will impact consumer behavior and what's more, if it doesn't, consumer behavior will dictate its success or failure. (
  • Social media networks do dictate consumer behavior but at the same time their success relies on it. (
  • We will discuss the approaches to how social media influences consumer behavior. (
  • Goh, Khim Yong and Heng, Cheng-Suang and Lin, Zhijie, Social Media Brand Community and Consumer Behavior: Quantifying the Relative Impact of User- and Marketer-Generated Content (October 31, 2012). (
  • Social and behavior change (SBC) activities use theory-driven approaches from communications, behavioral economics, sociology, and psychology to encourage positive change in health habits. (
  • As the social media landscape has evolved, marketers have focused on the trends and psychology of sharing. (
  • Traditionally considered in the realm of psychology, social behavior research has benefited from recent advancements in neuroscience that have accelerated identification of the neural systems, circuits, causative genes and molecular mechanisms that underlie distinct social cognitive traits. (
  • You can see that these three aspects directly reflect the idea in our definition of social psychology-the study of the feelings, behaviors, and thoughts of individuals in the social situation. (
  • Public health practitioners created messages that build on cognitive, developmental, and social psychology to persuade parents to bring their children into clinics to get vaccinated. (
  • Thirty years on, the satisfaction patterns are remarkably consistent - graduates of fields such as social science, psychology, and biology are the least likely to make the same educational choices again. (
  • In particular, I will review the role of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) and downstream subcortical structures in controlling social behavior, and discuss pertinent future research perspectives. (
  • The prefrontal cortex is the part of your brain responsible for decision-making, personality expression and moderating social behavior. (
  • White preschoolers completed measures of their tendency to engage in prosocial behaviors directed toward White and African-American children, positive racial beliefs about White and African-American persons, and race schematicity. (
  • Work addressing organizations is often found under applied animal behavior (AAB), community, social, and sustainability issues (CSS), education (EDC), organizational behavior management (OBM), and teaching behavior analysis (TBA). (
  • The transmission of behavior via such social learning may also extend across generations to provide a secondary form of behavioral inheritance, in addition to whatever genetic inheritance achieves ( Whiten, 2017 ). (
  • In this species culture has been investigated through a combination of observational, statistical and experimental methodologies, and it is now clear that chimpanzees have the capacity to transmit multiple traditions through social learning ( Whiten, 2017 ). (
  • In addition, the misuse of prescription substances has long-term effects and is associated with many risks, including poor health, quality of life (6) and sleep (8), as well as suicide, depression, personality disorders (9), economic and social burdens placed on the family and society and poor performance (10). (
  • Research on our closest animal relative, the chimpanzee Pan troglodytes , has long been at the forefront of this work, since decades of fieldwork began to reveal multiple behavioral variations between communities studied across Africa, including forms of tool use, grooming patterns and social behaviors ( McGrew, 1992 ). (
  • Identifying the interactions between gut microbes, neurons, and whole-organism health effects (like behavioral changes) may be an important line of inquiry into ways to, someday, help improve social deficits, such as those concurrent with depression and autism. (
  • Parenting styles (Authoritative, Permissive, and Authoritarian) were assessed by Parent Authority Questioner (PAQ) and children's behavioral problems (internalizing and externalizing symptoms) were assessed with the Children's Behavior Checklist (CBCL). (
  • In the first study, I will discuss protective-health behavior among Northern Californians exposed to hazardous levels of wildfire smoke and present a novel theoretical framework drawing on interview data and existing behavioral models. (
  • It was important to understand behavioral science and anthropology in order to communicate about safe burial practices in a way that would make people choose to change a behavior that was ingrained in their culture. (
  • Epidemiology, for example, allows us to understand how many people have a disease and characterize the disease, while behavioral science identifies the role of human behavior and psychosocial factors. (
  • Behavioral science expertise can identify methods to communicate and design campaigns to change behavior that are culturally and socially acceptable. (
  • eMarketer's report US Social Media Usage Report 2020 explores US social media usage patterns during the start of the coronavirus pandemic and discusses three activities to pay attention to moving forward. (
  • Most climate change adaptation and risk reduction measures require that humans modify existing behaviors or adopt new ones related to health, agriculture, natural resource management, infrastructure, and settlement patterns. (
  • Using digital video cameras on tripods and drones , this study investigated lateralization in frequency and duration of social behavior patterns, in affiliative, agonistic, and resting contexts, in a feral population of horses (Equus ferus caballus) in Northern Portugal , consisting of 37 individuals organized in eight harem groups. (
  • Disclaimer: The statements on this page represent the views of the UCLA Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior and do not necessarily represent the views of the University of California, or UCLA or its Chancellor. (
  • Individual Behavior Or Social Context? (
  • Individual Behavior. (
  • Studies show relation between school difficulties and anti-social behavior and if the young with academic difficulties are not correctly treated they tend to dropout from school and hang around on the streets. (
  • It is the school responsibility to recognize the risk of anti-social behavior of the young, using pedagogic strategies that will lead them to develop positive abilities and therefore increase their selfsteem, lower school dropouts and consequently take them away from the streets. (
  • While I personally abhor this anti-social behavior, it's a fact of modern life. (
  • Jun Zhengping, an account affiliated with Chinese People's Liberation Army on Weibo, supported the banning of those clout-chasing social media accounts, saying on Tuesday that the misfortune of compatriots should never become a source of jokes or rumors, or an object for marketing. (
  • When we are in situations that are particularly dangerous or stressful, our assumptions about other people's behavior can lead to recommendations or actions that seem counterintuitive or wrong to them. (
  • Some social determinants of health can lead to stress, which can also affect people's tobacco product use. (
  • Just like those with anti-social tendency they will easily be excluded from the education institution. (
  • Our results of an affiliative behavior having a right side tendency, provide partial support to the valence-specific hypothesis of Ahern and Schwartz (1979) - left hemisphere dominance for positive affect , affiliative behaviors . (
  • The tendency to associate in or form social groups. (
  • The work also suggests that exposure to certain drugs and environmental risk factors during embryonic development can cause changes to this gene, leading to alterations in social behavior that are similar to those found in individuals who have autism. (
  • In the study, researchers in the laboratory of Anna Penn, MD, Ph.D., now at Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons and previously at Children's National Hospital in Washington, D.C., found that reducing amounts of a single hormone, called allopregnanolone (ALLO), in the placenta caused brain and behavior changes in male offspring that resemble changes seen in some people with autism spectrum disorder . (
  • Although male and female fetuses were both subjected to ALLO deficiency, only male mice showed autism-like behaviors after birth. (
  • The more the sheath was thickened (as measured by myelin protein levels), the more the male mice exhibited autism-like behaviors, such as decreased sociability and repetitive activities. (
  • Protocol 209AS208, 'A Randomized,Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Study of the Efficacy, Safety, and Tolerability of STX209 (Arbaclofen) Administered for the Treatment of Social Withdrawal in Subjects with Autism Spectrum Disorders. (
  • likely to take part in risky behavior. (
  • Before you can influence someone's behavior or change their choices about a behavior (risky or protective) you need to know how their judgments and decisions are made about that behavior in the first place. (
  • Casual sex could trigger a domino effect of risky behaviors. (
  • Moreover, the implication of the amygdala in the ontogeny of depressive-like behaviors in infant abused animals is an important step toward understanding the underlying mechanisms of later-life mental disease associated with early-life abuse. (
  • This study aimed to examine whether a proposed conceptual model can explain mechanisms by which social networks and social support influence health-promoting behaviors among Thai community-dwelling elderly. (
  • Across two studies, we explore the socio-psychological mechanisms that link an EoC and involvement in sustainability-related behaviors. (
  • Through these two mechanisms, we explain the process by which an EoC can drive employee involvement in sustainability-related behaviors. (
  • What Is Social and Behavior Change? (
  • Community engagement is at the core of effective social and behavior change and is important to developing appropriate programs. (
  • Nudges can take many forms and are one example of a behavior change tool that can encourage people to wash their hands. (
  • However, it's important to keep in mind that certain social media sites will sustain more engagement than others, and time spent on these social networks and messaging may change as people start to go back to work and school. (
  • Transplants of fecal matter from mice with healthy gut microbiomes into these germ-free mice were sufficient to change the activity of these neurons and thus improve their social behavior. (
  • This was a simple change that saw a massive impact in user behavior. (
  • This guide serves as an introductory resource to USAID staff interested in integrating Social and Behavior Change into climate change adaptation and resilience programming. (
  • Social and Behavior Change (SBC), which incorporates knowledge from across disciplines to change behaviors to address specific challenges, is a critical yet underutilized approach that can help individuals and communities cope with the current, and near- and long-term changes in climate. (
  • On July 3, the organizers of the 2018 International Social and Behavior Change Communication Summit (SBCC Summit) shared the declaration that emerged from the event. (
  • Our message to decision- and change-makers everywhere is simple," says the Declaration, "together, we can unleash the transformational power of Social and Behaviour Change Communication (SBCC) to address the challenges facing the global community today…Our commitment [is] to contribute to the realization of national development goals and the priorities defined by social movements and communities around the world, including the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). (
  • HC3 has developed several products to help social and behavior change communication practitioners design, implement and measure SBCC programs. (
  • Successful mitigation and adaptation to climate change will require meaningful changes to human behavior at multiple scales. (
  • Her research focuses on the social processes that influence how individuals and communities respond to environmental change and climate risk, primarily through community-engaged scholarship. (
  • To improve the health and safety of people in the United States and around the world, we have to influence and change behaviors. (
  • It can be difficult to try new things, or stop old things as behaviors range from simple to complex, but one way to consider behavior change is to think of any change as a passive or active choice. (
  • During the Ebola response behavior change was critical to prevent people from getting sick and ultimately stop a disease threat. (
  • The fight to eradicate polio teaches us the importance of beliefs in behavior change during a response to a public health threat. (
  • The Communication Research and Evaluation blog series highlights innovative research and evaluation methods used at CDC to improve behavior change campaigns. (
  • We utilize a Social Behavior Change framework to guide our work. (
  • 52 Sprouts combines technology, educational content, behavior change techniques, and social networking concepts to encourage cooking at home. (
  • The CE work package augments long-standing contributions by a wide-range of UN agencies, and Partners in the fields of behavior change, community mobilization, social development and community-led approaches. (
  • Cognitive, psychological and social science insights can influence the motivations, attitudes, values, and actions of those engaged in corrupt practices. (
  • The results suggest that these social and cognitive differences between two closely related species result from evolutionary changes in brain development. (
  • Social cognitive predictors of 36 White preschoolers' (18 boys, 18 girls) tendencies to say they would act prosocially toward White and African-American children were examined. (
  • The items are scored in 5 sub-scales: emotional symptoms, conduct problems, hyperactivity/inattention, peer relationships and pro-social behavior. (
  • Thus schemas and attitudes have an important influence on our social information processing and social behavior. (
  • The objective of this study was to examine behaviors and attitudes of Brazilian teenagers towards noise , and determine their audiological characteristics. (
  • Behaviors and attitudes were measured using the validated Portuguese version of the Youth Attitude to Noise Scale (YANS). (
  • Fear and anxiety about a disease can lead to social stigma, which is negative attitudes and beliefs toward people, places, or things. (
  • Sage Handbook of Social Work Research Ranging over local and international issues and exploring questions of theory and practice, this diverse study provides a comprehensive account of the state of the art of social work research. (
  • The Association for Behavior Analysis International® (ABAI) is a nonprofit membership organization with the mission to contribute to the well-being of society by developing, enhancing, and supporting the growth and vitality of the science of behavior analysis through research, education, and practice. (
  • We describe social interactions between four adolescent and young adult males and their younger immature maternal siblings 9 months before and 8 months after their mothers died. (
  • Adolescent depressive-like behavior corresponds with an increase in amygdala neural activity in response to forced swim test. (
  • Scientists examined the effect of a group-randomized trial of an already funded school-level positive behavior intervention on the over-time interdependence between early adolescent problem behavior and peer group dynamics. (
  • Social commerce sales doubled in the US from $28 billion in 2020 to over$56 billion in 2023. (
  • This study investigates social media users' preferences of encountering or actively avoiding undesired content and conflicts in social interaction with others. (
  • Based on a nationwide survey (N=3706) conducted in Finland and using principal component analysis, we identify three different types of social media use in relation to online information sharing and social interaction: conformist, provocative and protective. (
  • We found that women are more likely to use social media in a conformist and protective way whereas men have a higher probability to be provocative. (
  • We also found that younger and more educated people have a higher probability to use social media in a conformist and protective way. (
  • social media in a conformist and protective way. (
  • Social Media & Society , Copenhagen, Denm ark (SMSociety). (
  • The following is a preview of one Media, Advertising, and Marketing report, The US Social Media Usage 2020 Report . (
  • When US consumers started spending more time at home during the pandemic, they also started using social media more, providing an unexpected boost to engagement on these platforms. (
  • The Harris Poll conducted between late March and early May, found that between 46% and 51% of US adults were using social media more since the outbreak began. (
  • In the most recent May 1-3 survey, 51% of total respondents - 60% of those ages 18 to 34, 64% of those ages 35 to 49, and 34% of those ages 65 and up - reported increased usage on certain social media platforms. (
  • And how and why do social media networks such as LinkedIn, Facebook and Twitter continue to influence us? (
  • Many a social media marketer will see the similarity to the Facebook "like" and, as Neil Perkin suggests, a new way to say 'Good post' . (
  • This could be based on a need for survival rather than just a simple formula that matches the traditional social media hypothesis to Maslow's hierarchy of needs - Maslow rewired. (
  • Big companies have rushed head long into the social media space creating social media departments and titles like Social Media Strategist, Community Manager, and Director of Conversation. (
  • Spokesman Brent Campbell says this is just the latest example of a growing trend in troubling social media behavior. (
  • How widespread of a problem is this abuse of social media in the Winston-Salem Forsyth County School district? (
  • There's things that happen in elementary schools that students have availability to social media and can post things. (
  • What do students need to know about poor social media behavior and its implications for them? (
  • Don't negatively impact your future by using social media in a degrading or a destructive way. (
  • How Does Social Media Influences Customer's Buying Behavior? (
  • Nowadays, social media plays an influential role in customers' lives. (
  • Last 2021, 71% of social media exceeded its user growth from the previous years. (
  • Besides, the social distancing took followers to connect with social media. (
  • From these above factors, if you think to start your business promotion on social media at once. (
  • Now, begin to generate social media traffic by choosing the best SMM panel that expands your followers, comments, and views. (
  • Also, what does customer buying quality means for your brand's social media marketing? (
  • Social media platforms are becoming the same as radio ads, TV commercials. (
  • Fun Fact: One in three customers says that it is the preferable option to study the brands on social media platforms. (
  • Yet, increasing user growth of social media platforms helps customers discover and buy from their brands. (
  • Based on the research, 65% of social media consumers have made their shopping straight from social media platforms. (
  • Do you know why social media commerce works popular among online users? (
  • The primary reason is that social media commerce fulfills consumers' requirements as they are working. (
  • Looking at Twitter, Instagram, and Facebook seems to be a routine task for several social media users. (
  • Social media platforms are now on trial to structure commerce features convenient for consumers and new brands to generate new sales revenues. (
  • Pro Tip: Are you looking to increase your brand recognition for your social media marketing profile? (
  • If so, build the best engaging social media profile to expand your business awareness, where you can even try FamousPanel, which will elevate your brand traffic. (
  • Social media includes another aspect of business-customer relationship management. (
  • Above all, social media allows consumers to engage with businesses using several formats such as video likes, following social media accounts to share content relevant to the brand, shout-outs, or FAQs. (
  • Fun Fact: Eight in ten customers expect brands to have a social media presence to interact with their customers. (
  • Social media improves brands by helping them display their unique features and brand personalities. (
  • Always be sure to share and react to different social media posts with your audience, try on upcoming social media trends, ask questions or even conduct polls and Q&As. (
  • Social media is a perfect example of social proof, which grows with a must-win factor for buying decisions. (
  • More than half of 51% of consumers read reviews from online forums or social media to check a product or service before making a buying choice. (
  • Even the best engaging, high-budget TV ads can't provide authentic services compared to social media platforms. (
  • Above all, consumers reach social media platforms like Twitter and review sites to appreciate and criticize various products and businesses. (
  • Despite the popular use of social media by consumers and marketers, empirical research investigating their economic values still lags. (
  • Our findings show that engagement in social media brand communities lead to a positive increase in purchase expenditures. (
  • Additional in-depth examinations of UGC and MGC impacts show robust evidence that social media brand community contents affect consumer purchase behavior through embedded information and persuasion. (
  • But there's another factor that's often overlooked: the design of social media itself. (
  • My colleagues and I investigated how the design of social media affects online disagreements and how to design for constructive arguments. (
  • We asked which features of 10 different social media platforms made it easy or difficult to engage in online arguments, and why. (
  • We found that people often avoid discussing challenging topics online for fear of harming their relationships, and when it comes to disagreements, not all social media are the same. (
  • People can spend a lot of time on a social media site and not engage in arguments (e.g. (
  • Leading Chinese social media platforms Weibo, Douyin and Kuaishou said they will suspend or terminate clout-chasing accounts that made fun of the crash of China Eastern Boeing 737 flight or used it as a publicity stunt for marketing purposes. (
  • Do they have social media profiles? (
  • It is quite important to have a strategy on what you want to convey to your social media fans. (
  • It is the base to learn about social media marketing. (
  • Would you stop recruiting a high school athlete due to questionable social media behavior? (
  • Social media posts display a student-athlete's character and maturity. (
  • No. Social media shouldn't outweigh everything else. (
  • Utilizing internet data, social media, and community networks to gather data for characterization of recovery worker exposures. (
  • The rise of social media, Internet sharing sites, and mobile digital technologies can retrieve information about recovery worker activities through photos, videos, text narratives and other media, many of which are publicly available. (
  • With a unique community-based approach, we have pioneered a systematic collection of these media to understand and characterize exposure-related elements such as behaviors, recovery site tasks, protective equipment, and media comprising the muck and debris. (
  • Online content behavior also varies based on the social media platform. (
  • They manage their privacy and freedom by using incognito browsers for private searches and frequently delete private topics, browsing history, apps, and social media accounts. (
  • enna Rose Simon had been drawing for years before one of her pieces went viral on social media. (
  • Note that you must obtain permission from an individual presenter before live-tweeting or discussing his/her talk, poster, or research results on social media. (
  • Minddrive is a non-profit program in Kansas City, in which students have designed an interactive car-powered by social media. (
  • UGC is seen as a third party in the form of 'text, pictures, and videos, etc.' and Instagram, in general, has been highlighted as an essential social media tool for developing an image of tourism locations in the context of destination image (Fatanti & Suyadnya, 2015). (
  • thus, understanding how social media allows people to share more of their trip experiences, providing numerous pleasurable and enjoyable advantages, may inspire more users to share travel experiences (Chen et al. (
  • This website uses cookies for tracking visitor behavior, for linking to social media icons and displaying videos. (
  • Using media channels, including news media and social media, to speak out against stereotyping groups of people who experience stigma because of COVID-19. (
  • The intervention aims to reduce the number of young people who start smoking and to examine the influences on smoking behavior from friends, parents, other family members, and the media. (
  • Passive smoking was also linked to higher risk for carriage, but age, sex, social deprivation, home crowding, or school characteristics had little or no effect. (
  • From this, we explain how innovators differ from other employees in terms of social network behavior and language characteristics. (
  • One promising area of research suggests that social behavior and other characteristics and traits are influenced not only by our genetic makeup but also how and where we live. (
  • We expand on the emergent research of an ethic of care (EoC) to theorize why and how an organizational EoC fosters employee involvement in sustainability-related behaviors at work. (
  • The results of Study 1, in which we applied an experimental design, indicate that an EoC is significantly related, through employees' affective reaction towards organizational sustainability, to involvement in sustainability-related behaviors. (
  • In Study 2, in which we used time-lagged data, we further drew on social identity theory to suggest that an EoC is both directly and indirectly, through enhanced organizational identification, related to employees' satisfaction with organizational sustainability. (
  • Journal of Organizational Behavior , 38 (9), 1380-1395. (
  • Mice that have been bred to be germ-free, without a gut microbiome, display significant antisocial behaviors, such as avoiding a stranger mouse rather than interacting with it. (
  • Now, a new study has identified a specific circuit of neurons that is directly influenced by the gut microbiome and is subsequently responsible for antisocial behaviors in mice that lack a gut microbiome. (
  • That said, after a dose of MDMA, scientists found that octopuses become more "touchy-feely" and their antisocial behavior seemingly disappears once serotonin floods the brain, which is increased by ingesting MDMA. (
  • Graduates of 'other social sciences' and 'biological sciences' were particularly unlikely to select the same program again. (
  • But why might humanities graduates appear be more likely to say that they would select the same field of study again than graduates of, say, social and behavioural sciences, or even physical or life sciences? (
  • In the Taï Forest of Cote d'Ivoire, nut-cracking chimpanzees in neighboring communities display different variants of certain behaviors, notably in their seasonal preferences for stone versus wooden materials for cracking nuts ( Luncz and Boesch, 2014 ). (
  • We also show how the behavior of individuals in the four recently orphaned sibling pairs contrasts to the behavior displayed by chimpanzees in 30 sibling pairs whose mothers were alive. (
  • In two different tests, we found that bonobos (n = 30) exhibited developmental delays relative to chimpanzees (n = 29) in the acquisition of social inhibition, with these differences resulting in less skill among adult bonobos. (
  • Empirical evidence is provided for the importance of pro-social behavior of individuals in an anonymous, n-person public good setting. (
  • Numerous individuals do not realize how to make use of Twitter as a component of their social marketing services. (
  • In a new study released yesterday, researchers at UCLA determined that areas in the brain that are associated with social behavior were less developed and lacked sufficient networking in high functioning Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) individuals as compared to their neurotypical peers. (
  • Treatment of people with Asperger syndrome consists of instruction and counseling to ameliorate the social disabilities that are features of the disorder, along with encouragement of special skills that can take advantage of these individuals' capacity for narrowly focused and sustained concentration. (
  • A pediatrician by training, Heymann leads the first global initiative to examine the impact of health and social policies on individuals, families and communities in all 193 countries of the United Nations. (
  • She works to apply and advance the science of health behavior and health communication to prevent and control infectious diseases that result from the interaction of people, animals, and the environment. (
  • A stimulating environment helps animals produce natural behaviors such as foraging, social interaction, exploration, and playing. (
  • Social determinants of health are conditions in the places where people live, learn, work, and play that affect health and quality of life. (
  • Examples of social determinants of health related to tobacco include retail conditions like the number of stores that sell tobacco in a neighborhood and where in stores tobacco products are displayed and advertised. (
  • Education, job opportunities, and income are other social determinants of health that can influence how healthy a person can be. (
  • Here, we use two different but complementary rodent models of early-life abuse to examine the amygdala's role in the ontogeny of depressive-like behavior. (
  • Amygdala neural assessment (c-Fos), as well as social behavior and forced swim tests were performed at preweaning (P20) and adolescence (P45). (
  • however, depressive-like behaviors were observed only during adolescence. (
  • Social Context? (
  • From NASW, the National Association of Social Workers, the information on dozens of key topics is presented in the context of the issues and concerns of Social Workers. (
  • Historical & Cultural Context The time, place, and social conditions that influence a work of literature are called the historical and cultural context. (
  • This event is supported by the CALS Office for Diversity and Inclusion and is part of the CALS Dean's Inclusive Excellence Seminar Series, which highlights academic excellence through inclusive science and creates a platform for extended discussions on how our science can and should be transformative in leading to best practices and policies that support social, economic, environmental and climate justice. (
  • Assessed and managed student behavior to maintain climate of intensive instruction. (
  • ABSTRACT: The aim was to characterize the social conditions, incidence of diarrhea, and maternal conducts in the prevention and management of this pathology. (
  • Meanwhile, Robert Wright independently applied the ideas to human social evolution and wrote Nonzero: The Logic of Human Destiny, recently published by Pantheon. (
  • Social behavior encompasses a number of distinctive and complex constructs that form the core elements of human imitative culture, mainly represented as either affiliative or antagonistic interactions with conspecifics. (
  • Specifically, I will discuss findings from two studies focused on human behavior in response to wildfire smoke and coral reef decline, respectively. (
  • We often assume that we understand human behavior, but we must remain open-minded when working with people from all different backgrounds and cultures. (
  • Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer, emphasized human behavior: the fear of contagion increased vices such as avarice, greed, and corruption, which paradoxically led to infection and thus to both moral and physical death. (
  • Our results indicate that social behavior deficits in infancy could serve as an early marker for later psychopathology. (
  • Friendship networks and friendship support demonstrated both direct and indirect influences on health-promoting behaviors. (
  • Health behaviors are complex and influenced by many factors within an individual and their social and physical environment. (
  • The local consultant in communicable disease control (public health) asked schools and colleges in their health authority area to participate in the study, with the aim of selecting a sample of schools that broadly represented the social diversity of that population. (
  • The social desirability of preventive health behavior. (
  • Public health practitioners must think about interventions in terms of the behaviors they are asking people to adopt, stop or continue. (
  • Berkman's work on social relations related to health provided the theoretical framework of this study. (
  • The results suggesting the final model had a good fit with the data and could explain 74% of the variance in health-promoting behaviors. (
  • Kinship networks, through kinship support and sense of well-being, were found to have indirect effects on health-promoting behaviors. (
  • Kinship support, through a sense of well-being, also was found to have an indirect influence on health-promoting behaviors. (
  • The findings indicated that kinship support had a clear direct influence on the elderly person's sense of well-being, whereas friendship networks had a noticeable effect on health-promoting behaviors. (
  • To enhance the elderly person's health-promoting behaviors, nurses and multidisciplinary healthcare providers should design intervention programs to foster social relations, especially by promoting familial support and the elderly person's psychological well-being. (
  • Dr. Jody Heymann, an internationally renowned researcher on health and social policy at McGill University in Montreal, has been appointed the new dean of the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health . (
  • She is the founding director of the Institute for Health and Social Policy at McGill and holds a Canada Research Chair in Global Health and Social Policy. (
  • She is also founding director of the WORLD Global Data Centre, where she leads an effort to analyze how health and social policies affect the ability of people in UN member countries to meet health, educational, economic and other needs. (
  • Deeply committed to translating research into policies and programs that improve individual and population health, Heymann has worked with government leaders in North America, Europe, Africa and Latin America, as well as a wide range of intergovernmental organizations, including the World Health Organization, the International Labor Organization, UNICEF, UNESCO and the UN's Department of Economic and Social Affairs. (
  • School health programs can help children and adolescents attain full educational potential and good health by providing them with the skills, social support, and environmental reinforcement they need to adopt long-term, healthy eating behaviors. (
  • Suggesting virtual resources for mental health or other social support services for people who have experienced stigma or discrimination. (
  • Health Literacy Best Practices in Social Marketing for the #ShesWell - PrEP for Women Campaign " on December 8, 2022, at 11 am EDT. (
  • Thus, among social spaces that enable the promotion of the educational process in health care, it is understood that the school is a fundamental place. (
  • Cookies used to enable you to share pages and content that you find interesting on through third party social networking and other websites. (
  • Research has shown that the communities of bacteria that live in a mouse's gut are essential for the animals to exhibit normal social behavior with other mice. (
  • There are a lot of neurons in the body that respond to corticosterone-called glucocorticoid receptor-positive neurons-and we wanted to know which cell populations and brain regions were then responsible for the altered social behaviors in germ-free mice? (
  • These mice, despite lacking a gut microbiome, were able to exhibit more normal social behavior because their neurons were not responding to the stress hormone. (
  • The degree of myelin thickening in juvenile male mice correlated with abnormal behavior, the researchers also found. (
  • People may display inappropriate behavior after a brain injury. (
  • The study noted that ASD subjects showed an increased blood flow in the frontal areas of the brain which is linked to higher oxygen metabolism in those parts of the brain that are used to navigate social situations. (
  • This apparent lack of connectivity means that information is impaired between distant areas of the brain leading to a decreased social responsiveness in persons with ASD. (
  • Growing evidence shows a variety of sensorial and motor asymmetries in social and non- social interactions in various species, indicating a lateralized processing of information by the brain . (
  • Here are three scientific ways you can hack your brain to make sure you never have another awkward social situation again. (
  • The team of researchers, led by former Mazmanian lab postdoctoral scholar Wei-Li Wu, aimed to identify the neurons that were both affected by corticosterone and played a role in social behaviors. (
  • They also liked that videos facilitate more social cues than is possible in most online interactions, since "you can see the person's facial expressions on the videos they produce. (
  • Many of the hornet and yellow jacket species that sting us are social insects. (
  • It also shows that serotonin has a hugely important role in mediating social interactions right across species. (
  • Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual or group usually of the same species. (
  • The coronavirus has hastened the development and popularity of new live streaming, video chat and gaming features on social networks. (
  • It's a search engine based on your data and your network data - connections and likes - and Facebook has taken a layer of big data and built a preference engine around this that represents a new era in the development and relationship between search and social. (
  • Now, a new animal study points to a gene that is important for the earliest development of basic social behaviors. (
  • To test this model, the scientists evaluated whether environmental exposures during embryonic development could influence social behavior. (
  • This process, developed from theories of social ecologies and development, is "toxic peer contagion. (
  • Results will explain the role of peer affiliations in development of problem behavior, the effect of positive behavior support on this linkage, and suggest new avenues for future interventions. (
  • Nutrition, development and social behavior : proceedings of the Conference on the Assessment of Tests of Behavior from Studies of Nutrition in the Western Hemisphere / edited by David J. Kallen. (
  • Fortunately, Employment and Social Development Canada has published selected tabulations from the 2013 NGS on Canada's open data portal here . (
  • [ 55 ] Children can learn to watch other children for social cues and for behaviors to imitate. (
  • In this review article, I summarize recent findings regarding the neuroanatomical substrates of key social behaviors, focusing on results from experiments conducted in rodent models. (
  • In the second study, I will share results from a community-engaged study on Maui, Hawaiʻi investigating the drivers of coral reef conservation behavior. (
  • Sex-specific social behaviors did not influence step length and foraging path tortuosity. (
  • How do microbes influence an animal's behavior? (
  • Could this be an example of a community platform trying to influence the wider community behavior? (
  • Following is a list of some of the top rated journals in Social Work ranked by 'impact factor,' a measure of their influence in the discipline. (
  • In both models, early social behavior appears to be spared during the first days of life, although stress uncovers dysfunctional social behaviors with the mother as well as enhanced amygdala activity, suggesting trauma-induced neural changes. (
  • Overall, the literature suggests that the effects of early-life adversities are enduring, although expressed as social behavior deficits early on with a larger spectrum of psychopathology emerging as the organism matures. (
  • Results support application of the schematicity construct and relevant social psychological research with adults to the study of young African American and White children's racial stereotyping and processing of race-relevant information. (
  • Leah M. Peterson and Floyd W. Weckerly "Social behavior and changes in foraging behavior in a gregarious ungulate," Journal of Mammalogy 99(6), 1422-1429, (13 October 2018). (
  • To determine whether the anti-social behaviors could be reversed, the research team gave embryonic and young zebrafish an experimental drug called UNC1999, which is known to inhibit the PRC2. (
  • A causal relationship between the amygdala and depressive-like behavior was suggested through amygdala temporary deactivation (muscimol infusions), which rescued the depressive-like behavior in the forced swim test. (
  • For instance, they can model socially appropriate behavior and encourage cooperative games in the classroom. (
  • It covers 6 secrets to social confidence, the #1 strategy to improve your life and how to have natural conversations….even if you're socially awkward. (
  • A clash of paradigms is currently taking place for evolutionary theories of social behavior. (
  • Transients are so much more fluid in their behavior whereas residents are closed off from associating with other populations that are adjacent to them," said Josh McInnes. (