The act of cleansing the hands with water or other liquid, with or without the inclusion of soap or other detergent, for the purpose of destroying infectious microorganisms.
Substances produced from the reaction between acids and bases; compounds consisting of a metal (positive) and nonmetal (negative) radical. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)
A composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving various characters, usually intended to be acted on a stage and to be regarded as a form of entertainment. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A chlorinated bisphenol antiseptic with a bacteriostatic action against Gram-positive organisms, but much less effective against Gram-negative organisms. It is mainly used in soaps and creams and is an ingredient of various preparations used for skin disorders. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p797)
Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.
Agents that remove, correct, repress, or mask undesirable ODORS. In personal hygiene, deodorants often contain astringent preparations that reduce SWEATING, referred to as ANTIPERSPIRANTS. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Rendering pathogens harmless through the use of heat, antiseptics, antibacterial agents, etc.
The destruction of germs causing disease.
Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
Personal care items for women.
Steroid acids and salts. The primary bile acids are derived from cholesterol in the liver and usually conjugated with glycine or taurine. The secondary bile acids are further modified by bacteria in the intestine. They play an important role in the digestion and absorption of fat. They have also been used pharmacologically, especially in the treatment of gallstones.
The distal part of the arm beyond the wrist in humans and primates, that includes the palm, fingers, and thumb.
An iodinated polyvinyl polymer used as topical antiseptic in surgery and for skin and mucous membrane infections, also as aerosol. The iodine may be radiolabeled for research purposes.
Facilities provided for human excretion, often with accompanying handwashing facilities.
A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.
Living outdoors as a recreational activity.
The immersion or washing of the body or any of its parts in water or other medium for cleansing or medical treatment. It includes bathing for personal hygiene as well as for medical purposes with the addition of therapeutic agents, such as alkalines, antiseptics, oil, etc.
A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.
Agents that modify interfacial tension of water; usually substances that have one lipophilic and one hydrophilic group in the molecule; includes soaps, detergents, emulsifiers, dispersing and wetting agents, and several groups of antiseptics.
Alkyl compounds containing a hydroxyl group. They are classified according to relation of the carbon atom: primary alcohols, R-CH2OH; secondary alcohols, R2-CHOH; tertiary alcohols, R3-COH. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The removal of contaminating material, such as radioactive materials, biological materials, or CHEMICAL WARFARE AGENTS, from a person or object.
Gloves, usually rubber, worn by surgeons, examining physicians, dentists, and other health personnel for the mutual protection of personnel and patient.
Sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. These detergent substances are obtained by boiling natural oils or fats with caustic alkali. Sodium soaps are harder and are used as topical anti-infectives and vehicles in pills and liniments; potassium soaps are soft, used as vehicles for ointments and also as topical antimicrobials.
The faculty of expressing the amusing, clever, or comical or the keen perception and cleverly apt expression of connections between ideas that awaken amusement and pleasure. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
Complexes of iodine and non-ionic SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS acting as carrier and solubilizing agent for the iodine in water. Iodophors usually enhance bactericidal activity of iodine, reduce vapor pressure and odor, minimize staining, and allow wide dilution with water. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)
Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.
The development and establishment of environmental conditions favorable to the health of the public.
Practices involved in preventing the transmission of diseases by hand.
A biocompatible, hydrophilic, inert gel that is permeable to tissue fluids. It is used as an embedding medium for microscopy, as a coating for implants and prostheses, for contact lenses, as microspheres in adsorption research, etc.
Allergic reaction to wheat that is triggered by the immune system.
A diphenyl ether derivative used in cosmetics and toilet soaps as an antiseptic. It has some bacteriostatic and fungistatic action.
Sodium chloride used in foods.
The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from health professional or health care worker to patients. It includes transmission via direct or indirect exposure to bacterial, fungal, parasitic, or viral agents.
The destroying of all forms of life, especially microorganisms, by heat, chemical, or other means.
Skin diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites, or viruses.
A compound tubular gland, located around the eyes and nasal passages in marine animals and birds, the physiology of which figures in water-electrolyte balance. The Pekin duck serves as a common research animal in salt gland studies. A rectal gland or rectal salt gland in the dogfish shark is attached at the junction of the intestine and cloaca and aids the kidneys in removing excess salts from the blood. (Storer, Usinger, Stebbins & Nybakken: General Zoology, 6th ed, p658)
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.
A colorless liquid made by oxidation of aliphatic hydrocarbons that is used as a solvent and chemical intermediate.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Detailed account or statement or formal record of data resulting from empirical inquiry.
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria found in soil, water, food, and clinical specimens. It is a prominent opportunistic pathogen for hospitalized patients.
Any aspect of the operations in the preparation, processing, transport, storage, packaging, wrapping, exposure for sale, service, or delivery of food.
The individuals employed by the hospital.
Means or process of supplying water (as for a community) usually including reservoirs, tunnels, and pipelines and often the watershed from which the water is ultimately drawn. (Webster, 3d ed)
The ability of organisms to sense and adapt to high concentrations of salt in their growth environment.
Programs of disease surveillance, generally within health care facilities, designed to investigate, prevent, and control the spread of infections and their causative microorganisms.
Persons fleeing to a place of safety, especially those who flee to a foreign country or power to escape danger or persecution in their own country or habitual residence because of race, religion, or political belief. (Webster, 3d ed)
Description of pattern of recurrent functions or procedures frequently found in organizational processes, such as notification, decision, and action.
Programs of surveillance designed to prevent the transmission of disease by any means from person to person or from animal to man.
A genus of asporogenous bacteria that is widely distributed in nature. Its organisms appear as straight to slightly curved rods and are known to be human and animal parasites and pathogens.
The presence of organisms, or any foreign material that makes a drug preparation impure.
A non-allergic contact dermatitis caused by prolonged exposure to irritants and not explained by delayed hypersensitivity mechanisms.
Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
Semisolid preparations used topically for protective emollient effects or as a vehicle for local administration of medications. Ointment bases are various mixtures of fats, waxes, animal and plant oils and solid and liquid hydrocarbons.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Bacteria which lose crystal violet stain but are stained pink when treated by Gram's method.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in the air. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
The art, technique, or business of producing motion pictures for entertainment, propaganda, or instruction.
A common superficial bacterial infection caused by STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS or group A beta-hemolytic streptococci. Characteristics include pustular lesions that rupture and discharge a thin, amber-colored fluid that dries and forms a crust. This condition is commonly located on the face, especially about the mouth and nose.
A clear, colorless, viscous organic solvent and diluent used in pharmaceutical preparations.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
It is used as an oxidizing and bleaching agent and as a disinfectant. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
The washing of a body cavity or surface by flowing water or solution for therapy or diagnosis.
The determination of the nature of a disease or condition, or the distinguishing of one disease or condition from another. Assessment may be made through physical examination, laboratory tests, or the likes. Computerized programs may be used to enhance the decision-making process.
The procedures involved in combining separately developed modules, components, or subsystems so that they work together as a complete system. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.
Life or metabolic reactions occurring in an environment containing oxygen.
Size and composition of the family.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Purifying or cleansing agents, usually salts of long-chain aliphatic bases or acids, that exert cleansing (oil-dissolving) and antimicrobial effects through a surface action that depends on possessing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties.
A genus of gram-positive, facultatively anaerobic, coccoid bacteria. Its organisms occur singly, in pairs, and in tetrads and characteristically divide in more than one plane to form irregular clusters. Natural populations of Staphylococcus are found on the skin and mucous membranes of warm-blooded animals. Some species are opportunistic pathogens of humans and animals.
Any infection which a patient contracts in a health-care institution.
The act of regarding attentively and studying facts and occurrences, gathering data through analyzing, measuring, and drawing conclusions, with the purpose of applying the observed information to theoretical assumptions. Observation as a scientific method in the acquisition of knowledge began in classical antiquity; in modern science and medicine its greatest application is facilitated by modern technology. Observation is one of the components of the research process.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
The normal process of elimination of fecal material from the RECTUM.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
A genus of gram-positive, spherical bacteria found in soils and fresh water, and frequently on the skin of man and other animals.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
A bacterium which is one of the etiologic agents of bacillary dysentery (DYSENTERY, BACILLARY) and sometimes of infantile gastroenteritis.
Educational institutions.
Degree of saltiness, which is largely the OSMOLAR CONCENTRATION of SODIUM CHLORIDE plus any other SALTS present. It is an ecological factor of considerable importance, influencing the types of organisms that live in an ENVIRONMENT.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
A republic in southern Africa east of ZAMBIA and MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Lilongwe. It was formerly called Nyasaland.
Plants that can grow well in soils that have a high SALINITY.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Substances that prevent infectious agents or organisms from spreading or kill infectious agents in order to prevent the spread of infection.
A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms arrange singly, in pairs, or short chains. This genus is commonly found in the intestinal tract and is an opportunistic pathogen that can give rise to bacteremia, pneumonia, urinary tract and several other types of human infection.
An imperfect fungus causing smut or black mold of several fruits, vegetables, etc.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
Customer satisfaction or dissatisfaction with a benefit or service received.
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.
Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Colloids with a solid continuous phase and liquid as the dispersed phase; gels may be unstable when, due to temperature or other cause, the solid phase liquefies; the resulting colloid is called a sol.
A diet which contains very little sodium chloride. It is prescribed by some for hypertension and for edematous states. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Software designed to store, manipulate, manage, and control data for specific uses.
A family of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that do not form endospores. Its organisms are distributed worldwide with some being saprophytes and others being plant and animal parasites. Many species are of considerable economic importance due to their pathogenic effects on agriculture and livestock.
A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Material prepared from plants.
The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.
A kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live parasitically as saprobes, including MUSHROOMS; YEASTS; smuts, molds, etc. They reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have life cycles that range from simple to complex. Filamentous fungi, commonly known as molds, refer to those that grow as multicellular colonies.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
A bacteria isolated from normal skin, intestinal contents, wounds, blood, pus, and soft tissue abscesses. It is a common contaminant of clinical specimens, presumably from the skin of patients or attendants.
The product of conjugation of cholic acid with taurine. Its sodium salt is the chief ingredient of the bile of carnivorous animals. It acts as a detergent to solubilize fats for absorption and is itself absorbed. It is used as a cholagogue and cholerectic.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
A nonmetallic element of the halogen group that is represented by the atomic symbol I, atomic number 53, and atomic weight of 126.90. It is a nutritionally essential element, especially important in thyroid hormone synthesis. In solution, it has anti-infective properties and is used topically.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
The branch of science concerned with the interrelationship of organisms and their ENVIRONMENT, especially as manifested by natural cycles and rhythms, community development and structure, interactions between different kinds of organisms, geographic distributions, and population alterations. (Webster's, 3d ed)
Techniques of nucleotide sequence analysis that increase the range, complexity, sensitivity, and accuracy of results by greatly increasing the scale of operations and thus the number of nucleotides, and the number of copies of each nucleotide sequenced. The sequencing may be done by analysis of the synthesis or ligation products, hybridization to preexisting sequences, etc.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
A member of the alkali group of metals. It has the atomic symbol Na, atomic number 11, and atomic weight 23.
Conformity in fulfilling or following official, recognized, or institutional requirements, guidelines, recommendations, protocols, pathways, or other standards.
A process that includes the determination of AMINO ACID SEQUENCE of a protein (or peptide, oligopeptide or peptide fragment) and the information analysis of the sequence.
Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.
A genus of yeast-like mitosporic Saccharomycetales fungi characterized by producing yeast cells, mycelia, pseudomycelia, and blastophores. It is commonly part of the normal flora of the skin, mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina, but can cause a variety of infections, including CANDIDIASIS; ONYCHOMYCOSIS; vulvovaginal candidiasis (CANDIDIASIS, VULVOVAGINAL), and thrush (see CANDIDIASIS, ORAL). (From Dorland, 28th ed)
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
A white crystal or crystalline powder used in BUFFERS; FERTILIZERS; and EXPLOSIVES. It can be used to replenish ELECTROLYTES and restore WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE in treating HYPOKALEMIA.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Use of plants or herbs to treat diseases or to alleviate pain.
Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.
A bile salt formed in the liver by conjugation of deoxycholate with taurine, usually as the sodium salt. It is used as a cholagogue and choleretic, also industrially as a fat emulsifier.
Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.
Heat and stain resistant, metabolically inactive bodies formed within the vegetative cells of bacteria of the genera Bacillus and Clostridium.
Anaerobic degradation of GLUCOSE or other organic nutrients to gain energy in the form of ATP. End products vary depending on organisms, substrates, and enzymatic pathways. Common fermentation products include ETHANOL and LACTIC ACID.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The first stomach of ruminants. It lies on the left side of the body, occupying the whole of the left side of the abdomen and even stretching across the median plane of the body to the right side. It is capacious, divided into an upper and a lower sac, each of which has a blind sac at its posterior extremity. The rumen is lined by mucous membrane containing no digestive glands, but mucus-secreting glands are present in large numbers. Coarse, partially chewed food is stored and churned in the rumen until the animal finds circumstances convenient for rumination. When this occurs, little balls of food are regurgitated through the esophagus into the mouth, and are subjected to a second more thorough mastication, swallowed, and passed on into other parts of the compound stomach. (From Black's Veterinary Dictionary, 17th ed)
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
Databases containing information about PROTEINS such as AMINO ACID SEQUENCE; PROTEIN CONFORMATION; and other properties.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
The process of breakdown of food for metabolism and use by the body.
The pressure required to prevent the passage of solvent through a semipermeable membrane that separates a pure solvent from a solution of the solvent and solute or that separates different concentrations of a solution. It is proportional to the osmolality of the solution.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.
The glycine conjugate of CHOLIC ACID. It acts as a detergent to solubilize fats for absorption and is itself absorbed.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
Quaternary salts derived from tetrazoles. They are used in tests to distinguish between reducing sugars and simple aldehydes, for detection of dehydrogenase in tissues, cells, and bacteria, for determination of corticosteroids, and in color photography. (From Mall's Dictionary of Chemistry, 5th ed, p455)
A bile acid formed by bacterial action from cholate. It is usually conjugated with glycine or taurine. Deoxycholic acid acts as a detergent to solubilize fats for intestinal absorption, is reabsorbed itself, and is used as a choleretic and detergent.
An emulsifying agent produced in the LIVER and secreted into the DUODENUM. Its composition includes BILE ACIDS AND SALTS; CHOLESTEROL; and ELECTROLYTES. It aids DIGESTION of fats in the duodenum.
A steroid metabolite that is the 11-deoxy derivative of CORTICOSTERONE and the 21-hydroxy derivative of PROGESTERONE.
The ability to detect chemicals through gustatory receptors in the mouth, including those on the TONGUE; the PALATE; the PHARYNX; and the EPIGLOTTIS.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
Inbred rats derived from Sprague-Dawley rats and used for the study of salt-dependent hypertension. Salt-sensitive and salt-resistant strains have been selectively bred to show the opposite genetically determined blood pressure responses to excess sodium chloride ingestion.
Salts of hydrobromic acid, HBr, with the bromine atom in the 1- oxidation state. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
The balance of fluid in the BODY FLUID COMPARTMENTS; total BODY WATER; BLOOD VOLUME; EXTRACELLULAR SPACE; INTRACELLULAR SPACE, maintained by processes in the body that regulate the intake and excretion of WATER and ELECTROLYTES, particularly SODIUM and POTASSIUM.
Negatively charged atoms, radicals or groups of atoms which travel to the anode or positive pole during electrolysis.
A form of IODINE deficiency disorders characterized by an enlargement of the THYROID GLAND in a significantly large fraction of a POPULATION GROUP. Endemic goiter is common in mountainous and iodine-deficient areas of the world where the DIET contains insufficient amount of iodine.
Substances that dissociate into two or more ions, to some extent, in water. Solutions of electrolytes thus conduct an electric current and can be decomposed by it (ELECTROLYSIS). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Environments or habitats at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both. Adaptations to low soil oxygen characterize many wetland species.
Inorganic compounds derived from hydrochloric acid that contain the Cl- ion.
A bile salt formed in the liver by conjugation of chenodeoxycholate with taurine, usually as the sodium salt. It acts as detergent to solubilize fats in the small intestine and is itself absorbed. It is used as a cholagogue and choleretic.
The homogeneous mixtures formed by the mixing of a solid, liquid, or gaseous substance (solute) with a liquid (the solvent), from which the dissolved substances can be recovered by physical processes. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Derivatives of ammonium compounds, NH4+ Y-, in which all four of the hydrogens bonded to nitrogen have been replaced with hydrocarbyl groups. These are distinguished from IMINES which are RN=CR2.
An element in the alkali group of metals with an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte that plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
An atom or group of atoms that have a positive or negative electric charge due to a gain (negative charge) or loss (positive charge) of one or more electrons. Atoms with a positive charge are known as CATIONS; those with a negative charge are ANIONS.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
Body organ that filters blood for the secretion of URINE and that regulates ion concentrations.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
Particles consisting of aggregates of molecules held loosely together by secondary bonds. The surface of micelles are usually comprised of amphiphatic compounds that are oriented in a way that minimizes the energy of interaction between the micelle and its environment. Liquids that contain large numbers of suspended micelles are referred to as EMULSIONS.
The accumulation of an electric charge on a object
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A hormone secreted by the ADRENAL CORTEX that regulates electrolyte and water balance by increasing the renal retention of sodium and the excretion of potassium.
A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
Positively charged atoms, radicals or groups of atoms which travel to the cathode or negative pole during electrolysis.
A highly specific (Leu-Leu) endopeptidase that generates ANGIOTENSIN I from its precursor ANGIOTENSINOGEN, leading to a cascade of reactions which elevate BLOOD PRESSURE and increase sodium retention by the kidney in the RENIN-ANGIOTENSIN SYSTEM. The enzyme was formerly listed as EC 3.4.99.19.
Recycling through liver by excretion in bile, reabsorption from intestines (INTESTINAL REABSORPTION) into portal circulation, passage back into liver, and re-excretion in bile.
The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A plant family of the order Capparales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are mostly herbaceous plants with peppery-flavored leaves, due to gluconapin (GLUCOSINOLATES) and its hydrolysis product butenylisotrhiocyanate. The family includes many plants of economic importance that have been extensively altered and domesticated by humans. Flowers have 4 petals. Podlike fruits contain a number of seeds. Cress is a general term used for many in the Brassicacea family. Rockcress is usually ARABIS; Bittercress is usually CARDAMINE; Yellowcress is usually RORIPPA; Pennycress is usually THLASPI; Watercress refers to NASTURTIUM; or RORIPPA or TROPAEOLUM; Gardencress refers to LEPIDIUM; Indiancress refers to TROPAEOLUM.
Abscission-accelerating plant growth substance isolated from young cotton fruit, leaves of sycamore, birch, and other plants, and from potatoes, lemons, avocados, and other fruits.
Magnesium chloride. An inorganic compound consisting of one magnesium and two chloride ions. The compound is used in medicine as a source of magnesium ions, which are essential for many cellular activities. It has also been used as a cathartic and in alloys.
A salt used to replenish calcium levels, as an acid-producing diuretic, and as an antidote for magnesium poisoning.
Important carboxylate salts are soaps. In general, industrial routes to carboxylic acids differ from those used on a smaller ... These methods of synthesizing some long-chain carboxylic acids are related to soap making. Fermentation of ethanol. This method ... For example, enathic acid has a low solubility in water (0.2 g/L), but its sodium salt is very soluble in water. Carboxylic ... Carboxylic acids react with bases to form carboxylate salts, in which the hydrogen of the hydroxyl (-OH) group is replaced with ...
"Salt Sequel Happening at Sony Pictures". June 6, 2011. "Nice To Meet You: Jeff Meek". October 19, 2006. "Soap Dish: As the ... http://www.tvguide.com/Soaps/ATWT-Exclusive-Jon-20068.aspx "50 Greatest Soap Actors: #37 Scott Bryce". welovesoaps.net. " ... Craig Montgomery is a fictional character on the CBS soap opera As the World Turns. He has been portrayed by Scott Bryce from ... Meek has had a career all throughout television including The WB series Charmed and also appeared on the soap opera Search for ...
Soaps are sodium salts of fatty acids. Addition of sodium chloride reduces the solubility of the soap salts. The soaps ... In the presence of excess Na+, the solubility of soap salts is reduced, making the soap less effective. A buffer solution ... The salting-out process used in the manufacture of soaps benefits from the common-ion effect. ... This "salting in" is called the "uncommon-ion effect" (also "salt effect" or the "diverse-ion effect"). It occurs because as ...
Most soaps are sodium salts of fatty acids. Sodium soaps have a higher melting temperature (and seem "harder") than potassium ... Among many other useful sodium compounds, sodium hydroxide (lye) is used in soap manufacture, and sodium chloride (edible salt ... Direct precipitation of sodium salts from aqueous solutions is rare because sodium salts typically have a high affinity for ... and rock salt (NaCl). Many salts of sodium are highly water-soluble: sodium ions have been leached by the action of water from ...
... is the sodium salt of stearic acid. This white solid is the most common soap. It is found in many types of ... Characteristic of soaps, sodium stearate has both hydrophilic and hydrophobic parts, the carboxylate and the long hydrocarbon ... Sodium stearate is produced as a major component of soap upon saponification of oils and fats. The percentage of the sodium ... Klaus Schumann, Kurt Siekmann, "Soaps" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, 2005, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. doi: ...
In chemistry, "soap" refers to salts of fatty acids. Lithium 12-hydroxystearate is a white solid. Lithium soaps are key ... Some greases are prepared from sodium, barium, lithium, and calcium soaps. Lithium soap greases are preferred for their water ... Since these lithium soaps are difficult to filter, they are collected by spray drying. For applications, lithium 12- ... Angelo Nora, Alfred Szczepanek, Gunther Koenen, "Metallic Soaps" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry 2005 Wiley- ...
Sodium salts of fatty acids are used as soap. Pure sodium metal also has many applications, including use in sodium-vapour ... "Soaps & Detergents: Chemistry". Retrieved 20 July 2015. Lindsey, Jack L (1997). Applied illumination engineering. p. 112. ISBN ... Many cobaltocenium salts coprecipitate with caesium salts, and cobaltocenium hydroxide is a strong base that absorbs ... For example, most alkali metal salts are soluble in water, a property which ammonium salts share. Ammonium is expected to ...
... converting them to salts. These salts are called soaps, commonly used in households. In addition, in living systems, most ... Perhaps the oldest commercially practiced example of ester hydrolysis is saponification (formation of soap). It is the ... Solutions of salts such as BeCl2 or Al(NO3)3 in water are noticeably acidic; the hydrolysis can be suppressed by adding an acid ... A common kind of hydrolysis occurs when a salt of a weak acid or weak base (or both) is dissolved in water. Water spontaneously ...
In some soap-making, the glycerol is left in the soap. If necessary, soaps may be precipitated by salting it out with sodium ... and Ca salts. By contrast, potassium soaps, (derived using KOH) are soft soap. The fatty acid source also affects the soap's ... "Complex soaps" are also common, these being combinations of more than one acid salt, such as azelaic or acetic acid. Fires ... If those heavy metal salts react with free fatty acids in the oil medium, metal soaps may form in a paint layer that can then ...
Soaps are formed from the reaction of glycerides with sodium hydroxide. The product of the reaction is glycerol and salts of ... Fatty acids in the soap emulsify the oils in dirt, enabling the removal of oily dirt with water. Partial glycerides are esters ...
They were manufacturers and dealers in the "celebrated" Eagle Soaps. P. F. Murray was a manufacturer of soap in the city by ... The company manufactured kettles for the salt works in Syracuse and salt manufacturers in the West. During the War of 1812, ... 1894 and had several brands available including Apex Soap, Electric White Soap, Grit Soap and Little Mistress Soap. The company ... and sale of the salt. A duty collection was also established for every bushel of salt produced on the reservation. After the ...
It is formally classified as a soap (a salt of a fatty acid). Lithium stearate is a white soft solid, prepared by the reaction ... Lithium stearate and lithium 12-hydroxystearate are lithium soaps, and are components of lithium grease. Nora, Angelo; ... Szczepanek, Alfred; Koenen, Gunther (2001). "Metallic Soaps". Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley- ...
Important carboxylate salts are soaps. Contents. Example carboxylic acids and nomenclatureEdit. Carboxylic acids are commonly ... these methods are related to soap making. ... Coconut oil and hand wash soaps 13. Tridecylic acid. ... containing at least one aromatic ring, examples: benzoic acid - the sodium salt of benzoic acid is used as a food preservative ... Carboxylic acids react with bases to form carboxylate salts, in which the hydrogen of the hydroxyl (-OH) group is replaced with ...
It is more soluble in hard water and salt water than other soaps allowing it to lather more easily.[79] ... Soap[edit]. See also: Soap. Coconut oil is an important base ingredient for the manufacture of soap. Soap made with coconut oil ... Modern techniques use centrifuges and pre-treatments including cold, heat, acids, salts, enzymes, electrolysis, shock waves, ... tends to be hard, though it retains more water than soap made with other oils and thus increases manufacturer yields. ...
Carboxylates are the most common surfactants and comprise the carboxylate salts (soaps), such as sodium stearate. More ... Sodium stearate, the most common component of most soap, which comprises about 50% of commercial surfactants ... A common example is salting out, by adding an inorganic salt to an aqueous solution of a weakly polar substance, the substance ... Bile salts play important role in digestion.[4] Safety and environmental risks[edit]. Most anionic and non-ionic surfactants ...
Around 1816 Michel Chevreul started a study of soaps made from various fats and alkalis. He separated the different acids that ... the salts potassium cyanate and ammonium sulfate), in what is now called the Wöhler synthesis. Although Wöhler himself was ... in combination with the alkali, produced the soap. Since these were all individual compounds, he demonstrated that it was ...
In view of the soft texture of the sodium salt, which is the main component of soap, other salts are also useful for their ... Soaps, cosmetics, detergents[edit]. Stearic acid is mainly used in the production of detergents, soaps, and cosmetics such as ... The salts and esters of stearic acid are called stearates. As its ester, stearic acid is one of the most common saturated fatty ... The stearate salts of zinc, calcium, cadmium, and lead are used to soften PVC. Stearic acid is used along with castor oil for ...
Triglycerides can be saponified with sodium hydroxide to give glycerol and fatty sodium salt or soap. ... soaps, and water-based personal lubricants. In solid dosage forms like tablets, glycerol is used as a tablet holding agent. For ... Glycerol is a component of glycerin soap. Essential oils are added for fragrance. This kind of soap is used by people with ... Reliance on soap-making to supply co-product glycerol made it difficult to increase production to meet wartime demand. Hence, ...
Kinds of soaps. Since they are salts of fatty acids, soaps have the general formula (RCO2−)nMn+ (R is an alkyl). The major ... The seed oils give softer but milder soaps. Soap made from pure olive oil, sometimes called Castile soap or Marseille soap, is ... Toilet soaps. In a domestic setting, "soap" usually refers to what is technically called a toilet soap, used for household and ... Greases are usually emulsions of calcium soap or lithium soap and mineral oil.[4] Many other metallic soaps are also useful, ...
... keratolytic soaps, nicotinamide, retinoids, and salicylic acid.[75] Acne treatments work in at least four different ways, ... Available evidence does not support a link between eating chocolate or salt and acne severity.[52][55] Few studies have ... "No soap and dry ice or a treatment for acne". Canadian Family Physician. 14 (5): 21-2. PMC 2281078. PMID 20468218 ...
Sodium salts of fatty acids are used as soap.[197] Pure sodium metal also has many applications, including use in sodium-vapour ... "Soaps & Detergents: Chemistry". Retrieved 20 July 2015.. *^ Lindsey, Jack L (1997). Applied illumination engineering. p. 112. ... Many cobaltocenium salts coprecipitate with caesium salts, and cobaltocenium hydroxide is a strong base that absorbs ... most alkali metal salts are soluble in water, a property which ammonium salts share.[171] Ammonium is expected to behave stably ...
The oil had a variety of uses, in cooking, as a dressing, as soap, as lamp oil, and as a base for manufacturing unguents.. ... It is also used in cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and soaps, and as a fuel for traditional oil lamps, and has additional uses in ... a spring of salt water gushing out of a cliff). The Spartans and other Greeks used oil to rub themselves while exercising in ... Besides food, olive oil has been used for religious rituals, medicines, as a fuel in oil lamps, soap-making, and skin care ...
Around 1816 Michel Chevreul started a study of soaps made from various fats and alkalis. He separated the different acids that ... the salts potassium cyanate and ammonium sulfate), in what is now called the Wöhler synthesis. Although Wöhler himself was ... in combination with the alkali, produced the soap. Since these were all individual compounds, he demonstrated that it was ...
... converting them to salts. These salts are called soaps, commonly used in households. ... Perhaps the oldest commercially practiced example of ester hydrolysis is saponification (formation of soap). It is the ... SaltsEdit. A common kind of hydrolysis occurs when a salt of a weak acid or weak base (or both) is dissolved in water. Water ... Solutions of salts such as BeCl2 or Al(NO3)3 in water are noticeably acidic; the hydrolysis can be suppressed by adding an acid ...
... mineral salt Aluminium silicate - anti-caking agent Aluminium sodium sulfate - mineral salt Aluminium sulfate - mineral salt ... Also used in perfumery and soaps, has been used in toothpastes, mouthwashes, and skin creams. 90% of the world's star anise ... and in soap production. Karaya gum - thickener, vegetable gum, stabilizer, emulsifier Kelp - Kokam - Kola nut extract - Konjac ... mineral salt Ammonium carbonate - mineral salt Ammonium chloride - mineral salt Ammonium ferric citrate - food acid Ammonium ...
Rinsing with a 5 mg/L solution, followed by washing with soap and water, will remove chlorine odor from the hands. Potassium ... Commercial solutions always contain significant amounts of sodium chloride (common salt) as the main by-product, as seen in the ... International Association for Soaps, Detergents and Maintenance Products. March 1997. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 ... Sodium hypochlorite can be easily produced for research purposes by reacting ozone with salt. NaCl + O3 → NaClO + O2 This ...
Hamam Indulekha ayurvedic hair oil Lakmé beauty products and salons Lifebuoy soaps and handwash range Liril 2000 soap Lux soap ... Annapurna salt and Atta (formerly known as Kissan Annapurna) Bru coffee Brooke Bond (3 Roses, Taj Mahal, Taaza, Red Label) tea ... HUL is the market leader in Indian consumer products with presence in over 20 consumer categories such as soaps, tea, ... body wash and deodorant Pears soap, body wash Pepsodent toothpaste Pond's talcs and creams Rexona Sunsilk shampoo Sure anti- ...
NPR We Love Soaps: The GUIDING LIGHT Finale Top 20 Most Memorable Soap Weddings of All Time Phillip Spaulding @ soapcentral.com ... Phillip refused to make it easy on the Coopers, visiting Company at every turn and basically rubbing salt in the wound. However ... Phillip and India's wedding is regarded as one of the most memorable nuptials in soap opera history. After India's affair with ... Phillip Granville Spaulding is a fictional character from the CBS soap opera Guiding Light. Phillip has been portrayed by three ...
It is more soluble in hard water and salt water than other soaps allowing it to lather more easily. KERAFED Palm oil Saturated ... Soap made with coconut oil tends to be hard, though it retains more water than soap made with other oils and thus increases ... Modern techniques use centrifuges and pre-treatments including cold, heat, acids, salts, enzymes, electrolysis, shock waves, ... Coconut oil is an important base ingredient for the manufacture of soap. ...
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Shop Avons F&P Cucina Hand Soap Sea Salt & Amalfi Lemon. Find everything you need from exclusive collaborations with trending ... While some soaps can be drying, Cucinas moisturizing formula leaves hands feeling soft, nourished and protected. 13.5 fl. oz. ... Our exquisitely-scented luxury hand soap (with a hint of zest!) contains good-for-you plant-derived ingredients like olive oil ...
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These blends can be incorporated into soaps, bath salts, lotions and other bath and body products. ... Creamy Orange Soap Bar & Bath Salt by Lather and Lotions. In this handmade soap tutorial we feature a soap that uses natural ... Creamy Orange Soap Bar & Bath Salt {DIY Gift}-Lather and Lotions. Creamy Orange Soap Bar & Bath Salt {DIY Gift}-Lather and ... After your soap has set sprinkle about a tablespoon of poppy seeds on top of your soap. Heat the soap you held back {about 10 ...
Make research projects and school reports about soap easy with credible articles from our FREE, online encyclopedia and ... soap Cleansing agent made of salts of fatty acids, used to remove dirt and grease. Common soaps are produced by heating fats ... a soap opera: the soaps are at the top of the ratings. • v. [tr.] wash with soap: she soaped her face. PHRASES: no soap inf. ... Salting. *2 The soap and glycerin must now be separated. The mixture is treated with salt, causing the soap to rise to the top ...
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Important carboxylate salts are soaps. In general, industrial routes to carboxylic acids differ from those used on a smaller ... These methods of synthesizing some long-chain carboxylic acids are related to soap making. Fermentation of ethanol. This method ... For example, enathic acid has a low solubility in water (0.2 g/L), but its sodium salt is very soluble in water. Carboxylic ... Carboxylic acids react with bases to form carboxylate salts, in which the hydrogen of the hydroxyl (-OH) group is replaced with ...
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Soaps, Salts, Scrubs & Bombs. This is a collection of products for the bath. Cleansing, soaking, scrubbing and washing never ...
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please note that due to the handmade nature of our beautiful soaps, there may be a difference in the colours, the swirling and ... Donkey Milk Soap Bahr-Lût (Dead Sea Salt). Reference: 42. Dead Sea Salt Donkey Milk soap with avocado oil and essential oils of ... Donkey Milk Soap Bahr-Lût (Dead Sea Salt). Dead Sea Salt Donkey Milk soap with avocado oil and essential oils of peppermint, ... An envigorating natural soap with the inclusion of organic dead sea salt and essential oils of peppermint, lavender, mandarin ...
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... and detoxing benefits of salt scrubs as well as the luxurious fragrance of blue lotus. ... This Sea Salt Scrub Soap gives exfoliating, moisturizing, ... My name is John Thornton, a chemist who started producing soaps ... This Sea Salt Scrub Soap gives exfoliating, moisturizing, and detoxing benefits of salt scrubs as well as the luxurious ...
Handmade Soaps. Aroma Mist. Massage Oil. Shipping Info. ​Terms & Conditions. Privacy Policy. Contact. Become a Wholesaler. ​​ ... Our Bath Salts come in 8 different scents, from relaxing to cleansing we have the perfect bath salt for you. Just fill your ... Feather Falls Soap Company. Made in the USA • 100 % Natural Handmade Soap Since 1996. Copyright © 2019 ...
Hudson Soap Co. is proud to offer traditional cold process natural soaps, bath and body products using high-quality and ... SALT is a natural bar soap specifically formulated with 60% of the total ingredient weight in fine grain sea salt. Sea salt is ... Sea salt is known to draw out impurities and toxins from skin while offering a gentle exfoliation to help remove dead skin ... This soap is scented with a refreshing blend of citrus essential oils providing energizing and motivating aromatherapy benefits ...
  • All Kalastyle soaps are natural and/or organic in color, fragrance, and ingredients. (beautyhabit.com)
  • Our bright-and-uplifting luxury hand soap contains good-for-you plant-derived ingredients like olive oil and glycerin. (avon.com)
  • American Soap Company is committed to offering our customers a wide range of creative soap and bathing products with a focus on performance, quality ingredients and exciting colors and shapes. (americansoapcompany.com)
  • To do this, gather all of the ingredients and equipment you need to make one batch of soap (including packaging). (hubpages.com)
  • All five of these potentially harmful ingredients can be found in many Palmolive soaps as well as other soaps like Dawn, Ajax, Meyers, Legacy of Clean and Cucina. (worldtruth.tv)
  • Our soaps are handmade in small batches with top quality ingredients from USA suppliers. (yourweddingcompany.com)
  • You simply melt the base mix and add extra ingredients to make luxurious home made soaps. (craftbits.com)
  • One of the ingredients for these bath salts is SCI, which is why these will leave your skin feeling silky smooth. (naturesgardencandles.com)
  • Please Note, this our soaps are handmade any although every batch uses the same ingredients, each the look and feel of each batch can vary. (capelilly.com)
  • The present invention relates to an improved controlled delivery system that can be incorporated in soap bars to enhance deposition of active ingredients and sensory markers onto skin. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Ginger Cinnamon-Salt Body Scrub by AJ Ingredients 1/2 cup Fine Grained Dead Sea Salt 1/2 teaspoon ground Ginger 1/2 teaspoon ground Cinnamon 1 cup of Sweet Almond Oil ONE: Mix all the ingredients together for at least a minute or until they are fully blended. (teachsoap.com)
  • These blends can be incorporated into soaps, bath salts, lotions and other bath and body products. (everythingetsy.com)
  • For over ten years, American Soap Company has delivered custom soaps, sumptuous lotions, and moisturizing liquids to retailers and corporate environments requiring special packaging and labeling. (americansoapcompany.com)
  • I love a bath salt scented with a soothing essential oil like Lavender or Lemongrass , or the exfoliating power of a salt scrub scented with an invigorating fragrance like Energy or Juniper Sage . (soapqueen.com)
  • What You'll Need: 8 oz Sugar and Salt Scrub Base .4 oz Chamomile Extract .8 oz Aloe Extract 2 oz Fine Pink Sea Salt 5 scoops of Rose Clay Mini Scoops 2 - 4 oz Bail Jars Optional: Raspberry Porter Fragrance Oil ONE: Combine extracts and scrub base - stir well to blend. (teachsoap.com)
  • It will help your essential oils behave better in your soap! (everythingetsy.com)
  • When you have cooled your soap add your essential oils and stir {not too vigorously, it will add bubbles {air} to your soap} until well blended. (everythingetsy.com)
  • This refreshing bright green bar soap is infused with spearmint and eucalyptus essential oils. (yourweddingcompany.com)
  • Alternatively you can use pure soap flakes available in the laundry section of your supermarket but I would recommend using a recipe that contains some moisturizing oils as pure soap flakes can be a little harsh on the skin. (craftbits.com)
  • There are so many things that can be added to base soap from milk, oils, chocolate and even spices. (craftbits.com)
  • The activated charcoal gently removes impurities, the tea tree and neem oils cleanse and the Dead Sea salt supplies nutrients that promote healthy skin barrier function. (lifesabundance.com)
  • Experience the refreshing scent of tea tree and neem oils and enjoy clearer, more radiant skin with our Charcoal & Sea Salt soap. (lifesabundance.com)
  • High quality handcrafted soaps made with plant based oils, pure essential oils, botanicals & clays. (madeit.com.au)
  • Soaps differ according to the lathering properties of the fat or oils and according to the alkali employed. (infoplease.com)
  • Once again, make sure that you use oils that are either safe to use on skin or are labeled for soap making. (wikihow.com)
  • Other common additives to bath salts are oils (agglomerating the salts to form amorphous granules, the product being called "bath beads" or "bath oil beads"), foaming agents, and effervescent agents. (wikipedia.org)
  • No artificial fragrances or colorants are used in this handmade soap. (everythingetsy.com)
  • Now you have fabulous handmade soap! (everythingetsy.com)
  • But homemade soaps are also fun because they can make for great gifts for holidays, birthdays, housewarming parties, etc. and giving gifts that are handmade with love = so much fun! (hubpages.com)
  • A beautiful selection of our best selling handmade soaps that we offer at our craft shows and now offer to you online too! (yourweddingcompany.com)
  • All of these have been handmade by the staff here at Natures Garden and include candles, soap, bath bombs and more. (naturesgardencandles.com)
  • Charcoal & Sea Salt complexion soap is 97% organic and handmade. (lifesabundance.com)
  • with a sleek new silhouette, on-trend colors and fabulous fragrances, these soaps help you step up your sink-side style. (methodhome.com)
  • Fragrances and perfumes are added to the soap mixture to cover the odor of dirt and to leave behind a fresh-smelling scent. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Some of these chemicals include silicate salts, formaldehyde, sulfuric acid, certain fragrances and ammonium sulfate. (worldtruth.tv)
  • Certain fragrances commonly used in soaps, specifically pentasodium pentetate, can be harmful to you and your family's health. (worldtruth.tv)
  • Adding dyes and fragrances to too-hot soap can affect the final color/fragrances. (wikihow.com)
  • in fact, one purpose of salts is as a vehicle or diluent to extend fragrances which are otherwise too potent for convenient use. (wikipedia.org)
  • Soap was made with industrial processes by the end of the 19th century, though people in rural areas, such as the pioneers in the western United States , continued to make soap at home. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Learn how to make soap at home with this super easy DIY. (favecrafts.com)
  • Melt and Pour soap is a soap base that is literally melted and poured to make soap. (craftbits.com)
  • What a great idea to make soap for a man's skin. (artfire.com)
  • A number of methods may be employed to make soap, but all are based on the same principle of operation. (infoplease.com)
  • We scented our soap with the very fitting Natures Garden Original Pistachio Pudding Cake Fragrance Oil . (naturesgardencandles.com)
  • We scented these bath salts with our Celestial Fragrance Oil , which is a layered fragrance. (naturesgardencandles.com)
  • The soap has a woody fragrance that soothes and warm and most of all naturally remove traces of dryness in skin. (beautyticket.com)
  • Fragrance oil: 1 tablespoon (15 milliliters) total per 1 pound (450 grams) of soap. (wikihow.com)
  • Wash with Swedish Dream Sea Salt Soap for an invigorating and refreshing shower or lather up for a skin-healthy shave. (beautyhabit.com)
  • This beautiful soap makes a rich, creamy lather that is scented with a creamy orange scent. (everythingetsy.com)
  • Recherché Goat's Milk Soap bathes your body in a rich and creamy lather. (planetnatural.com)
  • Each provides different benefits to the soap, but make great additions to lather and conditioning properties for your skin! (naturesgardencandles.com)
  • Lather up with the sweet scent of spiced pumpkin and warm cinnamon tea soap. (capelilly.com)
  • Soap does not lather well with hard water and can leave a sticky feeling. (wikipedia.org)
  • I used Dr. Bronner's castile soap as my soap base, because it is pure, and I then followed the recipe exactly as presented to us. (craftbits.com)
  • CASTILE SOAP can be found in 8 products. (ewg.org)
  • In saponification, the animal fat, which is chemically neutral, splits into fatty acids, which react with alkali carbonates to form soap, leaving glycerin as a byproduct. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency reported that soaps and fatty acids have low acute oral toxicity. (ewg.org)
  • The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency reported that soaps and fatty acids are not reproductive or developmental toxicants. (ewg.org)
  • The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency reported that soaps and fatty acids do not cause dermal sensitization. (ewg.org)
  • In the mid to late 1950s, each batch of soap, about 12 a day, was tested to ensure the absence of excess alkali or free fatty acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • The hot liquid soap fresh from the vessel had a total fatty matter (TFM) of 45% compared with the TFMs of 70-80% usual in soaps made by the conventional method. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chemically, soaps are metallic salts of fatty acids . (infoplease.com)
  • Our traditional recipe dates back to 1828 in France when Marseille soap masters developed the famous French milled process. (hbees.com)
  • Check out this video for a great soap recipe! (worldtruth.tv)
  • The next recipe is our St. Patty's Day themed cold process soap . (naturesgardencandles.com)
  • Around 1790, French soapmaker Nicolas Leblanc developed a method of extracting caustic soda (sodium hydroxide) from common table salt (sodium chloride), replacing the wood ash element of soap. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Potassium-based soap creates a more water-soluble product than sodium-based soap, and so it is called "soft soap. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Soft soap, alone or in combination with sodium-based soap, is commonly used in shaving products. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Aluminum, calcium, magnesium, lead, or other metals are used in place of sodium or potassium for soaps used in industry as paint driers, ointments, and lubricating greases and in waterproofing. (infoplease.com)
  • the sodium salt of rosin is commonly used in yellow laundry soap to increase lathering. (infoplease.com)
  • Part 1 (Heart Embeds) 2.25 oz Castor Oil 9 oz Shea Butter 6.75 oz Coconut Oil 9 oz Olive Oil 9 oz Palm Oil 4.9 oz Sodium Hydroxide (Lye) 11.88 oz Distilled Water This really isn't a hard soap to make, it just takes two days to do because of the little heart embeds. (teachsoap.com)
  • Substances often labeled as bath salts include magnesium sulfate (Epsom salts), sodium chloride (table salt), sodium bicarbonate (baking soda), sodium hexametaphosphate (Calgon, amorphous/glassy sodium metaphosphate), sodium sesquicarbonate, borax, and sodium citrate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Do you have any suggestions for helpful additives to CP soap for psoriasis? (soapqueen.com)
  • Additives are used to enhance the color, texture, and scent of soap. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Naturally evaporated by the sun and ocean air, our sea salt is unrefined with zero additives. (chagrinvalleysoapandsalve.com)
  • Also, s ome commercial producers of sea salt include harmful additives in their salt products. (chagrinvalleysoapandsalve.com)
  • Depending on their properties, the additives can be classified as emollient, humectant or lubricant when used in bath salts products. (wikipedia.org)
  • The white powder, granules, or crystals often resemble true bath salts such as Epsom salts, but are very different chemically. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mineral rich salts naturally obtained from sea water are used in the bath because of their tonic action and softening effect on the skin. (beautyhabit.com)
  • Pour 1 to 2 cups (8 to 16 oz.) of Mineral Salts into your bath, and dissolve it under running hot or warm water, and luxuriate in a soothing bliss for 25 - 30 minutes, then shower off. (candlemaking.com)
  • Skin disorders such as Arthritis, Psoriasis, Eczema and Rheumatism, a higher concentration of Dead Sea Mineral Bath Salts may be used. (candlemaking.com)
  • Learn how to make bath salts with this quick and easy tutorial. (favecrafts.com)
  • These rainbow bath salts look spectacular from the way that they are layered in the jars. (naturesgardencandles.com)
  • The store offers a wide selection of soap products such as bath bombs, salt soap, soap and many more. (therawfeed.com)
  • Bath salts are water-soluble, pulverized minerals that are added to water to be used for bathing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bath salts have been developed which mimic the properties of natural mineral baths or hot springs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some bath salts contain glycerine so the product will act as an emollient, humectant, or lubricant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Glycerin, or liquid glycerin, is another common ingredient in bath salts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bath salts may be packaged for sale in boxes or bags. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some bath salts such as phosphates have a detergent action that softens calloused skin and aids in exfoliation (cleaning off dead skin cells). (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Some bath salts act as water softeners and change the way soap rinses. (wikipedia.org)
  • High concentrations of salts increase the density of the water and increase buoyancy, which makes the body feel lighter in the bath. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bath fizzies are a form of bath salts in that the products of their use include a salt solution in addition to the carbon dioxide bubbles which are their definitive feature. (wikipedia.org)
  • The name derives from instances in which the drugs were sold disguised as true bath salts, with the package claiming that the chemical was intended for use during bathing. (wikipedia.org)
  • These fake bath salts are mainly sold in shops selling drug paraphernalia such as head shops. (wikipedia.org)
  • Made with a skin-loving shea butter soap base, it has a wonderful rose scent. (yourweddingcompany.com)
  • When you use this soap, it has a citrusy, delicious, and sweet scent, with a tiny of orange juice. (beautyticket.com)
  • Aside from that, the soap also comes with a creamy, fresh scent that is not empowering, but pleasant when use in the body. (beautyticket.com)
  • Take a moment all to yourself to unwind and find your center with a long, luxurious soak in skin-softening, natural Epsom salts. (thymes.com)
  • Soap requires two major raw materials: fat and alkali. (encyclopedia.com)
  • After boiling, the mass thickens as the fat reacts with the alkali, producing soap and glycerin. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The manufacture of soap is based on a chemical reaction (saponification) in which an alkali acts upon a fat to form a metal salt (soap) and an alcohol (glycerol). (infoplease.com)
  • Made with skin-loving glycerin and shea butter soap bases with actual. (yourweddingcompany.com)
  • My Three Butter Melt and Pour Glycerin Soap contains the triple action moisturizing properties of shea butter, cocoa butter, and mango butter. (artfire.com)
  • For a more luxurious bar of soap, try one of the following melt and pour soap bases: goat's milk, olive oil, or shea butter. (wikihow.com)
  • Skin-softening, natural salts are formulated with moisturizing jojoba oil and soothing aloe vera. (thymes.com)
  • What You'll Need: 3/4 cup of Honey 1 cup of Sugar 3/4 cup Fine Dead Sea Salt 5 ml Jojoba Oil 1.5 mL Orange Valencia Essential Oil 1.5 mL Lime Essential Oil ONE: Pour sugar into medium-sized bowl add honey, and fine-grained dead sea salt and stir to combine. (teachsoap.com)
  • split it in half and made salt bars with Himalayan salt. (soapqueen.com)
  • Place this handy bathroom tool on the shower shelf or countertop, or trim it to fit a soap dish, to keep your bar of soap fresh and long-lasting. (hallmark.com)
  • Put your soap base in a glass dish and cover it with plastic wrap. (hubpages.com)
  • Dish soaps are used in an effort to clean so that you can stay healthy. (worldtruth.tv)
  • Better yet, you could make your own natural dish soap and then you will know and get to choose exactly what goes into it. (worldtruth.tv)
  • Extend the life of your soaps with this clear rectangular soap dish by InterDesign. (yourweddingcompany.com)
  • The raised ridges lift the bar of soap off the bottom of the dish allowing it to drain thoroughly between uses. (yourweddingcompany.com)
  • Place the soap chunks into a microwave-safe dish. (wikihow.com)
  • Check out some of the salt soaks and scrubs that I've made in the past. (soapqueen.com)
  • If you dont want to use regular salt, there is also salt substitute and potassium is in that. (smore.com)
  • Almost all soaps have potassium in them. (smore.com)
  • potassium hydroxide yields soft soaps. (infoplease.com)
  • Our exquisitely-scented luxury hand soap (with a hint of zest! (avon.com)
  • What's Your Favorite Hand Soap? (intothegloss.com)
  • Pears soap is now made in India by Hindustan Unilever , a company in which Unilever now has a 67 percent share. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pears soap was made using a process entirely different from that for other soaps. (wikipedia.org)
  • Remember, you can always sub any salt in these recipes. (soapqueen.com)
  • Feel free to share your stories and soap recipes if you have any. (worldtruth.tv)
  • Check out our soap making recipes for full instructions on how to add these extras. (craftbits.com)
  • As you are probably aware, melt and pour soap is one of the easiest recipes you can make! (naturesgardencandles.com)
  • Our website has several exciting soap recipes just like this one. (naturesgardencandles.com)
  • found commonly in many soaps like Palmolive may cause eye and skin irritation and it can be dangerous if inhaled or consumed as well. (worldtruth.tv)
  • Formaldehyde can be found in Palmolive, Ajax, Dawn and many other common soaps and household cleaners. (worldtruth.tv)
  • You can put Dead Sea Salt in them all! (soapqueen.com)
  • This post seems to indicate that you can use Dead Sea salt in CP soap. (soapqueen.com)
  • I am already using the first soap, but the Dead Sea Salt bars are still very soft…Will they ever cure and become soap? (soapqueen.com)
  • I have heard feedback from soapers that salt bars made with Dead Sea Salt is even trickier, because it is said to draw moisture from the air. (soapqueen.com)
  • Dead Sea Salt is so rich in minerals that it has been renowned for its therapeutic effects since ancient times. (chagrinvalleysoapandsalve.com)
  • Research has demonstrated that regular soaking in Dead Sea salt baths provides relief from skin ailments such as psoriasis and acne. (chagrinvalleysoapandsalve.com)
  • Dead Sea salt soap. (beautyticket.com)
  • Submitted by Josephine Santos What You'll Need: 1/2 cup Brown Sugar 1/2 cup Fine Grained Dead Sea Salt 1 tablespoon Lemon Juice 1 tablespoon Coconut Oil 1 tablespoon Honey ONE: Mix Brown Sugar, Dead Sea Salt, Lemon Juice, Coconut Oil and Honey together, stir well! (teachsoap.com)
  • This soap has been the best soap for dry skin as it has a major ingredient in fighting skin dryness. (beautyticket.com)
  • If you have a few small chunks of soap left stir slowly until melted. (everythingetsy.com)
  • Add your chunks of soap to a large microwave bowl. (craftbits.com)
  • They are made with a clear glycerin soap base with cosmetic-grade pink and silver mica powders and cotton. (yourweddingcompany.com)
  • 109.95 These salts are 100% pure and unprocessed extraction, imported in its natural form directly from the Southern Dead Sea in Israel, known for the best and highest concentration of mineral composition. (candlemaking.com)
  • For relief in a specific area: like hands and feet, dissolve 1 cup (8 oz.) of Dead Sea Mineral Salts into warm water, in a nonmetallic bucket and soak the affected area for 25 to 30 minutes, then wash off to rinse away salts. (candlemaking.com)
  • Many Kalastyle soaps have been made throughout Europe for over 100 years. (beautyhabit.com)
  • The other half of the soap, I made Dead Dea Salt Bars. (soapqueen.com)
  • Soap was also made by the Celts, ancient inhabitants of Britain . (encyclopedia.com)
  • Soap made without dye is a dull grey or brown color, but modern manufacturers color soap to make it more enticing to the consumer. (encyclopedia.com)
  • I made the citronella soap, "melt and pour" method, over 1 week ago. (craftbits.com)
  • In the truest sense, castile is soap made with pure olive oil and is the ultimate in purity. (goodplanet.com)
  • DUZ (A discontinued laundry soap last made in 1980 that had glassware and plates in each box. (bookcrossing.com)
  • Out of all the amazing products made by Lush, this soap is one of the best that the company offers. (beautyticket.com)
  • In the American colonies soap factories appeared at an early date, and many housewives made soap from waste fats and lye (obtained by leaching wood ashes). (infoplease.com)
  • Because the soap base has already been made and prepared for you, you do not have to worry about working with lye, like you would with cold or hot process soap . (wikihow.com)
  • Make sure that you use dyes made for soap making. (wikihow.com)
  • I'd like to make a special batch of soap for my Dad. (soapqueen.com)
  • Exactly as the name states, in the continuous process soap is produced continuously, rather than one batch at a time. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Technicians have more control of the production in the continuous process, and the steps are much quicker than in the kettle method - it takes only about six hours to complete a batch of soap. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Now take your "total cost of supplies" and divide it by the number of bars of soap you make per batch. (hubpages.com)
  • Mica and soap making dyes well give the best result, but if you are just wanting to have a go at soap making than the candle dye and food color are great substitutes for a home batch of soap. (craftbits.com)
  • When it comes to skin care, are all salts created equal? (soapqueen.com)
  • Testers took once daily baths for a controlled amount of time, and the results came back in favor of the attributes of the Dead Sea salts, particularly in the treatment of psoriasis vulgaris (a skin condition involving rapidly dividing, overactive cells that causes patchy, scaley skin). (soapqueen.com)
  • The study also concluded that bathing with any type of salt can benefit skin conditions like psoriasis, however the high concentration of chloride and bromide in salts from the Dead Sea have a particular impact on certain skin conditions. (soapqueen.com)
  • If a skin forms on top of your soap while it is cooling just stir it back into your soap or get a fork and remove it. (everythingetsy.com)
  • Softer to the skin than other liquid soaps also known as detergents. (hbees.com)
  • Through the ages soap has been used to cleanse, to cure skin sores, to dye hair, and as a salve or skin ointment. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Since the human body has the same concentration of minerals and nutrients as sea water, it's no wonder that sea salt works naturally to help balance, protect and restore the skin. (chagrinvalleysoapandsalve.com)
  • Since sea salt can absorb the toxins from the skin, it is a natural cleanser and detoxifier. (chagrinvalleysoapandsalve.com)
  • The texture of the sea salt should be smooth to the touch, as you want it to gently slough off the dead skin cells, not scratch the skin. (chagrinvalleysoapandsalve.com)
  • What can I add to soap flakes to reduce the harshness on skin? (craftbits.com)
  • Inspired by the Moonstone, this Crystal Soap is a luxurious way to wash and cleanse your skin. (thecornerbooth.com.au)
  • Sea salt and spiced tea gently exfoliate, leaving skin silky smooth. (capelilly.com)
  • If you have dry skin, you go for the right soap with standard quality as using the wrong soap can affect balance on your skin. (beautyticket.com)
  • Therefore, if you do not want your skin problem to become too serious, purchasing the right soap is best recommended, since it could be your partner in achieving a healthy and soft skin without having too much difficulty. (beautyticket.com)
  • As the name suggests, this soap is extremely creamy cleaning/ bathing that helps moisturizes skin and also provides overall hydration to your dry skin. (beautyticket.com)
  • Why is it also the best soap for dry skin? (beautyticket.com)
  • Well, you need to check this soap due to the fact that it has the quality you are looking for soap for dry skin. (beautyticket.com)
  • Looking for best soap for dry skin? (beautyticket.com)
  • If you are in the market and looking for best soap for dry skin, this soap could be your good buy. (beautyticket.com)
  • This is a vegetable-based soap that is ideally perfect for your dry skin as it adds extra softness and smoothness, providing enough moisture to your skin even for a long time. (beautyticket.com)
  • Just like any other available best soaps for dry skin in the market today, this soap is widely recommended product, not only for adults but also for children. (beautyticket.com)
  • What makes this soap best is that it is extremely mild and has a great moisturising property that provides overall hydration for drying skin and displays effective and fast results. (beautyticket.com)
  • In addition, this is a brand of soap which fulfills the requirement of people who have dry skin. (beautyticket.com)
  • This is also the best soap for dry skin that you will ever find in the market. (beautyticket.com)
  • The exact origins of soap are unknown, though Roman sources claim it dates back to at least 600 b.c., when Phoenicians prepared it from goat's tallow and wood ash. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Our Castile Pure Soap is an olive oil soap that is naturally mild and low sudsing. (goodplanet.com)
  • Add 3-4 tablespoons of your annatto seed colorant and stir slowly into soap base until well incorporated. (everythingetsy.com)
  • We colored these using our Yellow Oxide FUN soap colorant, and coated them in 24K gold mica pigment to make them shimmer! (naturesgardencandles.com)
  • Pears found that his powders and creams were frequently being used to cover up damage caused by the harshness of the soaps and other beauty products that were in general use at the time, many of which contained arsenic or lead . (wikipedia.org)
  • It's a metal and is used for fertilizers, salt substitutes and soap believe it or not. (smore.com)
  • Soap substitutes include saponin-containing plants such as soapwort and shagbark and the modern soapless detergents (usually sulfonated alcohols), which may be used in hard water and even in saltwater without forming curds. (infoplease.com)
  • Many vegetable fats, including olive oil, palm kernel oil, and coconut oil, are also used in soap making. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Pour soap base into your mold but hold back an ounce or two of soap. (everythingetsy.com)
  • Simply pour your melted soap into the mold. (craftbits.com)
  • I have popped only one bar out of the mold because the soap is still soft and mushy! (craftbits.com)
  • You can use a larger, traditional mold, if you want to, but you will need to cut the soap into slices after you de-mold it. (wikihow.com)
  • If you are using a plastic soap making mold, you may want to coat the inside with petroleum jelly. (wikihow.com)
  • Release the soap from the mold. (wikihow.com)
  • Gently pull the edges of the mold away from the soap, then turn the mold upside-down, and pop the soap out. (wikihow.com)
  • If the soap gets stuck in the mold, stick it in the freezer for 15 to 30 minutes, then rinse the outside of the mold under hot water for a few seconds. (wikihow.com)
  • so we bottled an elixir of sea salt and tart frozen lime that practically puts the sand between your toes. (methodhome.com)
  • If you see air bubbles, lightly spray the surface of the soap with rubbing alcohol. (wikihow.com)
  • Sea salt helps to deeply cleanse pores, balance oil production and decrease bacteria that can cause breakouts and acne. (chagrinvalleysoapandsalve.com)
  • After your soap has set sprinkle about a tablespoon of poppy seeds on top of your soap. (everythingetsy.com)
  • Pears began to experiment with soap purification and eventually managed to produce a gentle soap based on glycerine and other natural products. (wikipedia.org)
  • The invention also pertains to soap products comprising the controlled release system of the present invention. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • AD, Pliny described a soap of tallow and wood ashes used by Germanic tribes to brighten their hair. (infoplease.com)
  • The kettle method of making soap is still used today by small soap manufacturing companies. (encyclopedia.com)
  • While some soaps can be drying, Cucina's moisturizing formula leaves hands feeling soft, nourished and protected. (avon.com)