'Smoke' is a complex mixture of gases, fine particles, and volatile compounds, generally produced by combustion of organic substances, which can contain harmful chemicals known to have adverse health effects.
Contamination of the air by tobacco smoke.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.
The N-glucuronide conjugate of cotinine is a major urinary metabolite of NICOTINE. It thus serves as a biomarker of exposure to tobacco SMOKING. It has CNS stimulating properties.
'Fires' is not a recognized medical term for a symptom, diagnosis, or condition in patients.
Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.
Nicotine is highly toxic alkaloid. It is the prototypical agonist at nicotinic cholinergic receptors where it dramatically stimulates neurons and ultimately blocks synaptic transmission. Nicotine is also important medically because of its presence in tobacco smoke.
Viscous materials composed of complex, high-molecular-weight compounds derived from the distillation of petroleum or the destructive distillation of wood or coal. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The contamination of indoor air.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents by inhaling them.
Substances and products derived from NICOTIANA TABACUM.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
Acrolein is an unsaturated aldehyde (C3H4O), highly reactive, toxic and naturally occurring compound that can be found in certain foods, tobacco smoke and is produced as a result of environmental pollution or industrial processes.
A product of hard secondary xylem composed of CELLULOSE, hemicellulose, and LIGNANS, that is under the bark of trees and shrubs. It is used in construction and as a source of CHARCOAL and many other products.
*My apologies, but "Restaurants" are not a medical term and do not have a medical definition.*
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Discontinuation of the habit of smoking, the inhaling and exhaling of tobacco smoke.
Burns of the respiratory tract caused by heat or inhaled chemicals.
Carboxyhemoglobin is a form of hemoglobin in which the heme group is chemically bonded to carbon monoxide, reducing its ability to transport oxygen and leading to toxic effects when present in high concentrations.
A class of compounds that contain a -NH2 and a -NO radical. Many members of this group have carcinogenic and mutagenic properties.
The aggregate business enterprise of agriculture, manufacture, and distribution related to tobacco and tobacco-derived products.
Exposure of the female parent, human or animal, to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals that may affect offspring. It includes pre-conception maternal exposure.
Prohibition against tobacco smoking in specific areas to control TOBACCO SMOKE POLLUTION.
Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Devices designed to provide personal protection against injury to individuals exposed to hazards in industry, sports, aviation, or daily activities.
An area of recreation or hygiene for use by the public.
Enlargement of air spaces distal to the TERMINAL BRONCHIOLES where gas-exchange normally takes place. This is usually due to destruction of the alveolar wall. Pulmonary emphysema can be classified by the location and distribution of the lesions.
The consequences of exposing the FETUS in utero to certain factors, such as NUTRITION PHYSIOLOGICAL PHENOMENA; PHYSIOLOGICAL STRESS; DRUGS; RADIATION; and other physical or chemical factors. These consequences are observed later in the offspring after BIRTH.
Respiratory tract diseases are a broad range of medical conditions that affect the nose, throat, windpipe, and lungs, impairing breathing and oxygen uptake, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), pneumonia, bronchitis, influenza, tuberculosis, and sleep apnea.
Living facilities for humans.
Carbon monoxide (CO). A poisonous colorless, odorless, tasteless gas. It combines with hemoglobin to form carboxyhemoglobin, which has no oxygen carrying capacity. The resultant oxygen deprivation causes headache, dizziness, decreased pulse and respiratory rates, unconsciousness, and death. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
A pathological accumulation of air in tissues or organs.
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
Place or physical location of work or employment.
A major group of unsaturated cyclic hydrocarbons containing two or more rings. The vast number of compounds of this important group, derived chiefly from petroleum and coal tar, are rather highly reactive and chemically versatile. The name is due to the strong and not unpleasant odor characteristic of most substances of this nature. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed, p96)
The larger air passages of the lungs arising from the terminal bifurcation of the TRACHEA. They include the largest two primary bronchi which branch out into secondary bronchi, and tertiary bronchi which extend into BRONCHIOLES and PULMONARY ALVEOLI.
A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A potent mutagen and carcinogen. It is a public health concern because of its possible effects on industrial workers, as an environmental pollutant, an as a component of tobacco smoke.
Experimental devices used in inhalation studies in which a person or animal is either partially or completely immersed in a chemically controlled atmosphere.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Agents that mimic neural transmission by stimulation of the nicotinic receptors on postganglionic autonomic neurons. Drugs that indirectly augment ganglionic transmission by increasing the release or slowing the breakdown of acetylcholine or by non-nicotinic effects on postganglionic neurons are not included here nor are the nonspecific cholinergic agonists.
Substances that increase the risk of NEOPLASMS in humans or animals. Both genotoxic chemicals, which affect DNA directly, and nongenotoxic chemicals, which induce neoplasms by other mechanism, are included.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Tumors or cancer of the LUNG.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
The art or practice of preparing food. It includes the preparation of special foods for diets in various diseases.
Washing liquid obtained from irrigation of the lung, including the BRONCHI and the PULMONARY ALVEOLI. It is generally used to assess biochemical, inflammatory, or infection status of the lung.
The mucous membrane lining the RESPIRATORY TRACT, including the NASAL CAVITY; the LARYNX; the TRACHEA; and the BRONCHI tree. The respiratory mucosa consists of various types of epithelial cells ranging from ciliated columnar to simple squamous, mucous GOBLET CELLS, and glands containing both mucous and serous cells.
Particles of any solid substance, generally under 30 microns in size, often noted as PM30. There is special concern with PM1 which can get down to PULMONARY ALVEOLI and induce MACROPHAGE ACTIVATION and PHAGOCYTOSIS leading to FOREIGN BODY REACTION and LUNG DISEASES.
Injuries to tissues caused by contact with heat, steam, chemicals (BURNS, CHEMICAL), electricity (BURNS, ELECTRIC), or the like.

Use of wood stoves and risk of cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract: a case-control study. (1/1149)

BACKGROUND: Incidence rates for cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract in Southern Brazil are among the highest in the world. A case-control study was designed to identify the main risk factors for carcinomas of mouth, pharynx, and larynx in the region. We tested the hypothesis of whether use of wood stoves is associated with these cancers. METHODS: Information on known and potential risk factors was obtained from interviews with 784 cases and 1568 non-cancer controls. We estimated the effect of use of wood stove by conditional logistic regression, with adjustment for smoking, alcohol consumption and for other sociodemographic and dietary variables chosen as empirical confounders based on a change-in-estimate criterion. RESULTS: After extensive adjustment for all the empirical confounders the odds ratio (OR) for all upper aero-digestive tract cancers was 2.68 (95% confidence interval [CI] : 2.2-3.3). Increased risks were also seen in site-specific analyses for mouth (OR = 2.73; 95% CI: 1.8-4.2), pharyngeal (OR = 3.82; 95% CI: 2.0-7.4), and laryngeal carcinomas (OR = 2.34; 95% CI: 1.2-4.7). Significant risk elevations remained for each of the three anatomic sites and for all sites combined even after we purposefully biased the analyses towards the null hypothesis by adjusting the effect of wood stove use only for positive empirical confounders. CONCLUSIONS: The association of use of wood stoves with cancers of the upper aero-digestive tract is genuine and unlikely to result from insufficient control of confounding. Due to its high prevalence, use of wood stoves may be linked to as many as 30% of all cancers occurring in the region.  (+info)

Health status of Persian Gulf War veterans: self-reported symptoms, environmental exposures and the effect of stress. (2/1149)

BACKGROUND: Most US troops returned home from the Persian Gulf War (PGW) by Spring 1991 and many began reporting increased health symptoms and medical problems soon after. This investigation examines the relationships between several Gulf-service environmental exposures and health symptom reporting, and the role of traumatic psychological stress on the exposure-health symptom relationships. METHODS: Stratified, random samples of two cohorts of PGW veterans, from the New England area (n = 220) and from the New Orleans area (n = 71), were selected from larger cohorts being followed longitudinally since arrival home from the Gulf. A group of PGW-era veterans deployed to Germany (n = 50) served as a comparison group. The study protocol included questionnaires, a neuropsychological test battery, an environmental interview, and psychological diagnostic interviews. This report focuses on self-reported health symptoms and exposures of participants who completed a 52-item health symptom checklist and a checklist of environmental exposures. RESULTS: The prevalence of reported symptoms was greater in both Persian Gulf-deployed cohorts compared to the Germany cohort. Analyses of the body-system symptom scores (BSS), weighted to account for sampling design, and adjusted by age, sex, and education, indicated that Persian Gulf-deployed veterans were more likely to report neurological, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, cardiac, dermatological, musculoskeletal, psychological and neuropsychological system symptoms than Germany veterans. Using a priori hypotheses about the toxicant effects of exposure to specific toxicants, the relationships between self-reported exposures and body-system symptom groupings were examined through multiple regression analyses, controlling for war-zone exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Self-reported exposures to pesticides, debris from Scuds, chemical and biological warfare (CBW) agents, and smoke from tent heaters each were significantly related to increased reporting of specific predicted BSS groupings. CONCLUSIONS: Veterans deployed to the Persian Gulf have higher self-reported prevalence of health symptoms compared to PGW veterans who were deployed only as far as Germany. Several Gulf-service environmental exposures are associated with increased health symptom reporting involving predicted body-systems, after adjusting for war-zone stressor exposures and PTSD.  (+info)

Effects and interactions of opioids on plasma exudation induced by cigarette smoke in guinea pig bronchi. (3/1149)

The effects of opioids on cigarette smoke-induced plasma exudation were investigated in vivo in the main bronchi of anesthetized guinea pigs, with Evans blue dye as a plasma marker. Acute inhalation of cigarette smoke increased plasma exudation by 216% above air control values. Morphine, 0.1-10 mg/kg but not 30 mg/kg, inhibited the exudation but had no significant effect on substance P-induced exudation. Both 10 and 30 mg/kg of morphine increased exudation in air control animals, an effect inhibited by antihistamines but not by a tachykinin neurokinin type 1-receptor antagonist. Naloxone inhibited all morphine responses. Cigarette smoke-induced plasma exudation was inhibited by a mu-opioid-receptor agonist (DAMGO) but not by agonists at delta (DPDPE)- or kappa (U-50488H)-receptors. None of these agonists affected exudation in air control animals. DPDPE prevented the inhibition by DAMGO of cigarette smoke-induced plasma exudation, and the combination of DAMGO and DPDPE increased exudation in air control animals. Prevention of inhibition and the combination-induced increase were inhibited by antihistamines or the mast cell-stabilizing drug sodium cromoglycate. U-50488H did not alter the response to either DAMGO or DPDPE. We conclude that, in guinea pig main bronchi in vivo, mu-opioid-receptor agonists inhibit cigarette smoke-induced plasma exudation via a prejunctional mechanism. Plasma exudation induced by mu- and delta-receptor interactions is due to endogenous histamine release from mast cells.  (+info)

Air pollution, pollens, and daily admissions for asthma in London 1987-92. (4/1149)

BACKGROUND: A study was undertaken to investigate the relationship between daily hospital admissions for asthma and air pollution in London in 1987-92 and the possible confounding and modifying effects of airborne pollen. METHODS: For all ages together and the age groups 0-14, 15-64 and 65+ years, Poisson regression was used to estimate the relative risk of daily asthma admissions associated with changes in ozone, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and particles (black smoke), controlling for time trends, seasonal factors, calendar effects, influenza epidemics, temperature, humidity, and autocorrelation. Independent effects of individual pollutants and interactions with aeroallergens were explored using two pollutant models and models including pollen counts (grass, oak and birch). RESULTS: In all-year analyses ozone was significantly associated with admissions in the 15-64 age group (10 ppb eight hour ozone, 3.93% increase), nitrogen dioxide in the 0-14 and 65+ age groups (10 ppb 24 hour nitrogen dioxide, 1.25% and 2.96%, respectively), sulphur dioxide in the 0-14 age group (10 micrograms/m3 24 hour sulphur dioxide, 1.64%), and black smoke in the 65% age group (10 micrograms/m3 black smoke, 5.60%). Significant seasonal differences were observed for ozone in the 0-14 and 15-64 age groups, and in the 0-14 age group there were negative associations with ozone in the cool season. In general, cumulative lags of up to three days tended to show stronger and more significant effects than single day lags. In two-pollutant models these associations were most robust for ozone and least for nitrogen dioxide. There was no evidence that the associations with air pollutants were due to confounding by any of the pollens, and little evidence of an interaction between pollens and pollution except for synergism of sulphur dioxide and grass pollen in children (p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Ozone, sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, and particles were all found to have significant associations with daily hospital admissions for asthma, but there was a lack of consistency across the age groups in the specific pollutant. These associations were not explained by confounding by airborne pollens nor was there convincing evidence that the effects of air pollutants and airborne pollens interact in causing hospital admissions for asthma.  (+info)

Toxicity of combustion products from burning polymers: development and evaluation of methods. (5/1149)

Laboratory and room-scale experiments were conducted with natural and synthetic polymers: cotton, paper, wood, wool, acetate, acrylic, nylon, and urethane. Smoke and off-gases from single materials were generated in a dual-compartment 110-liter exposure chamber. Multicomponent, composite fuel loads were burned within a 100 m(3) facility subdivided into rooms. In chamber experiments, mortality depended on the amount of material burned, i.e., fuel consumption (FC). Conventional dose (FC)/mortality curves were obtained, and the amount of fuel required to produce 50% mortality (FC(50)) was calculated. With simple flame ignition, cotton was the only material that produced smoke concentrations lethal to rats; FC(50) values for cotton ranged from 2 g to 9 g, depending on the configuration of the cotton sample burned. When supplemental conductive heat was added to flame ignition, the following FC(50) values were obtained; nylon, 7 g; acrylic, 8 g; newsprint, 9 g; cotton, 10 g; and wood, 11 g. Mortality resulting from any given material depended upon the specific conditions employed for its thermal decomposition. Toxicity of off-gasses from pyrolysis of phosphorus-containing trimethylol propane-polyurethane foams was markedly decreased by addition of a flame ignition source. Further studies are needed to determine the possible relevance of single-material laboratory scale smoke toxicity experiments. Room-scale burns were conducted to assess the relative contributions of single materials to toxicity of smoke produced by a multicomponent self-perpetuating fire. Preliminary results suggest that this approach permits a realistic evaluation of the contribution of single materials to the toxicity of smoke from residential fires.  (+info)

Combined effect of cigarette smoke and mineral fibers on the gene expression of cytokine mRNA. (6/1149)

To investigate which parameters are stimulated by mineral fibers and whether cigarette smoke enhanced a fiber-induced response, we examined the level of cytokine mRNA from alveolar macrophages (AMs) and lungs of rats exposed to mineral fibers and cigarette smoke in vivo. Male Wistar rats were given a single intratracheal instillation of 2 mg of Union Internationale Contre le Cancer chrysotile or refractory ceramic fiber (RF1). The animals then inhaled a side stream of smoke 5 days per week for 4 weeks. The expression of manganese superoxide dismutase, inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS), basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), interleukin-1[alpha] (IL-1[alpha]), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-[alpha] (TNF[alpha]) mRNA from lipopolysaccharide-stimulated AMs and lungs of rats exposed to mineral fibers and/or cigarette smoke were assessed using semiquantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Exposure only to cigarette smoke increased in IL-1[alpha] mRNA levels in AMs. Chrysotile stimulated the expression of IL-1[alpha], TNF[alpha], and IL-6 in AMs, and the expression of bFGF in lungs. RF1 resulted in increased expression of IL-1[alpha] and TNF[alpha] in AMs. Cigarette smoke stimulated the gene expression of iNOS in AMs and IL-6 and bFGF in lungs treated with chrysotile; IL-1[alpha] in AMs and bFGF in lungs did the same in lungs with RF1. Among these cytokines, message levels of IL-1[alpha], iNOS, and bFGF were increased in rats stimulated with mineral fibers, and the stimulating effects of mineral fibers were enhanced by cigarette smoke. Therefore, IL-1[alpha], iNOS, and bFGF would be the possible parameters of the lung remodeling induced by mineral fibers.  (+info)

Early alterations of lung injury following acute smoke exposure and 21-aminosteroid treatment. (7/1149)

In a simulated fire-related smoke exposure protocol, New Zealand white rabbits were utilized to investigate the potential effects of the 21-aminosteroid (lazaroid) analog U75412E on the early events of acute lung injury. Inhalation of a total of 1.6 mg/kg U75412E aerosolized at a rate of 1.53 mg/min at 0.5 hr after smoke exposure significantly attenuated the extent of lung injury at 1 hr, as evidenced by decreased bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) concentration of total protein, 6-keto-prostaglandin F1-alpha, and blood gas defect. Histopathologic examination demonstrated that the lazaroid significantly attenuated smoke-induced lung injury as evidenced by a decrease in wet lung/body weight ratio, necrosis, and sloughing of airway epithelial cells. Electron microscopy showed that the lazaroid decreased smoke-induced interstitial edema and the vacuolization of alveolar type II epithelium (21.6 +/- 9.7 vs 8.5 +/- 3.6 vacuoled blebs/cell, smoke only vs smoke + lazaroid). However, U75412E did not attenuate smoke-induced changes in BAL concentration of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, total cell count, and granulocyte percentage. These observations suggest that U75412E may exert its action through cooperative mechanisms, such as the modulation of arachidonic acid metabolism, in addition to its characterized antioxidative effects.  (+info)

Chemoprevention of tobacco smoke-induced lung tumors in A/J strain mice with dietary myo-inositol and dexamethasone. (8/1149)

Male A/J strain mice were fed AIN-76A diet supplemented with myo-inositol/dexamethasone (10 g and 0.5 mg/kg diet) or acetylsalicylic acid (300 mg/kg) and exposed for 5 months to a mixture of sidestream and mainstream cigarette smoke at a concentration of 132 mg total suspended particulates/m3. After tobacco smoke exposure, they were allowed to recover for another 4 months in filtered air. In the animals fed AIN-75A diet alone or acetylsalicylic acid, the average number of tumors/lung was 2.1, whereas in the animals given the myo-inositol/dexamethasone diet, the average lung tumor multiplicity was 1.0 (P < 0.05). In animals exposed to filtered air, lung tumor multiplicities were 0.6 for animals fed AIN-76A or myo-inositol/dexamethasone and 1.2 for animals fed acetylsalicylic acid. It was concluded that the combination of myo-inositol and dexamethasone constitutes an effective chemopreventive regimen against tobacco smoke-induced lung tumorigenesis.  (+info)

'Smoke' is not typically defined in a medical context, but it can be described as a mixture of small particles and gases that are released when something burns. Smoke can be composed of various components including carbon monoxide, particulate matter, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), benzene, toluene, styrene, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Exposure to smoke can cause a range of health problems, including respiratory symptoms, cardiovascular disease, and cancer.

In the medical field, exposure to smoke is often referred to as "secondhand smoke" or "passive smoking" when someone breathes in smoke from another person's cigarette, cigar, or pipe. This type of exposure can be just as harmful as smoking itself and has been linked to a range of health problems, including respiratory infections, asthma, lung cancer, and heart disease.

Tobacco smoke pollution is not typically defined in medical terms, but it refers to the presence of tobacco smoke in indoor or outdoor environments, which can have negative effects on air quality and human health. It is also known as secondhand smoke or environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). This type of smoke is a mixture of sidestream smoke (the smoke given off by a burning cigarette) and mainstream smoke (the smoke exhaled by a smoker).

The medical community recognizes tobacco smoke pollution as a serious health hazard. It contains more than 7,000 chemicals, hundreds of which are toxic and about 70 that can cause cancer. Exposure to tobacco smoke pollution can cause a range of adverse health effects, including respiratory symptoms, lung cancer, heart disease, and stroke. In children, it can also lead to ear infections, asthma attacks, and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).

Therefore, many laws and regulations have been implemented worldwide to protect people from tobacco smoke pollution, such as smoking bans in public places and workplaces.

Smoking is not a medical condition, but it's a significant health risk behavior. Here is the definition from a public health perspective:

Smoking is the act of inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning tobacco that is commonly consumed through cigarettes, pipes, and cigars. The smoke contains over 7,000 chemicals, including nicotine, tar, carbon monoxide, and numerous toxic and carcinogenic substances. These toxins contribute to a wide range of diseases and health conditions, such as lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and various other cancers, as well as adverse reproductive outcomes and negative impacts on the developing fetus during pregnancy. Smoking is highly addictive due to the nicotine content, which makes quitting smoking a significant challenge for many individuals.

Tobacco is not a medical term, but it refers to the leaves of the plant Nicotiana tabacum that are dried and fermented before being used in a variety of ways. Medically speaking, tobacco is often referred to in the context of its health effects. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), "tobacco" can also refer to any product prepared from the leaf of the tobacco plant for smoking, sucking, chewing or snuffing.

Tobacco use is a major risk factor for a number of diseases, including cancer, heart disease, stroke, lung disease, and various other medical conditions. The smoke produced by burning tobacco contains thousands of chemicals, many of which are toxic and can cause serious health problems. Nicotine, one of the primary active constituents in tobacco, is highly addictive and can lead to dependence.

Cotinine is the major metabolite of nicotine, which is formed in the body after exposure to tobacco smoke or other sources of nicotine. It is often used as a biomarker for nicotine exposure and can be measured in various biological samples such as blood, urine, saliva, and hair. Cotinine has a longer half-life than nicotine, making it a more reliable indicator of long-term exposure to tobacco smoke or nicotine products.

I believe there may be some confusion in your question. "Fires" is not a medical term that I am aware of. In a general context, a fire refers to the rapid oxidation of a material in the chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction products. If you are asking about a specific medical term or condition, could you please provide more context or clarify your question? I'm here to help!

'Toxic plants' refer to those species of plants that contain toxic substances capable of causing harmful effects or adverse health reactions in humans and animals when ingested, touched, or inhaled. These toxins can cause a range of symptoms from mild irritation to serious conditions such as organ failure, paralysis, or even death depending on the plant, the amount consumed, and the individual's sensitivity to the toxin.

Toxic plants may contain various types of toxins, including alkaloids, glycosides, proteins, resinous substances, and essential oils. Some common examples of toxic plants include poison ivy, poison oak, nightshade, hemlock, oleander, castor bean, and foxglove. It is important to note that some parts of a plant may be toxic while others are not, and the toxicity can also vary depending on the stage of growth or environmental conditions.

If you suspect exposure to a toxic plant, it is essential to seek medical attention immediately and, if possible, bring a sample of the plant for identification.

Nicotine is defined as a highly addictive psychoactive alkaloid and stimulant found in the nightshade family of plants, primarily in tobacco leaves. It is the primary component responsible for the addiction to cigarettes and other forms of tobacco. Nicotine can also be produced synthetically.

When nicotine enters the body, it activates the release of several neurotransmitters such as dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin, leading to feelings of pleasure, stimulation, and relaxation. However, with regular use, tolerance develops, requiring higher doses to achieve the same effects, which can contribute to the development of nicotine dependence.

Nicotine has both short-term and long-term health effects. Short-term effects include increased heart rate and blood pressure, increased alertness and concentration, and arousal. Long-term use can lead to addiction, lung disease, cardiovascular disease, and reproductive problems. It is important to note that nicotine itself is not the primary cause of many tobacco-related diseases, but rather the result of other harmful chemicals found in tobacco smoke.

"Tars" is not a recognized medical term. However, "tarso-" is a prefix in anatomy that refers to the ankle or hind part of an organ. For example, the tarsal bones are the bones that make up the ankle and the rear part of the foot. Additionally, tarsus can refer to the thickened portion of the eyelid which contains the eyelashes. It is important to ensure you have the correct term when seeking medical information.

Indoor air pollution refers to the contamination of air within buildings and structures due to presence of particles, gases, or biological materials that can harmfully affect the health of occupants. These pollutants can originate from various sources including cooking stoves, heating systems, building materials, furniture, tobacco products, outdoor air, and microbial growth. Some common indoor air pollutants include particulate matter, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and mold. Prolonged exposure to these pollutants can cause a range of health issues, from respiratory problems to cancer, depending on the type and level of exposure. Effective ventilation, air filtration, and source control are some of the strategies used to reduce indoor air pollution.

Inhalation exposure is a term used in occupational and environmental health to describe the situation where an individual breathes in substances present in the air, which could be gases, vapors, fumes, mist, or particulate matter. These substances can originate from various sources, such as industrial processes, chemical reactions, or natural phenomena.

The extent of inhalation exposure is determined by several factors, including:

1. Concentration of the substance in the air
2. Duration of exposure
3. Frequency of exposure
4. The individual's breathing rate
5. The efficiency of the individual's respiratory protection, if any

Inhalation exposure can lead to adverse health effects, depending on the toxicity and concentration of the inhaled substances. Short-term or acute health effects may include irritation of the eyes, nose, throat, or lungs, while long-term or chronic exposure can result in more severe health issues, such as respiratory diseases, neurological disorders, or cancer.

It is essential to monitor and control inhalation exposures in occupational settings to protect workers' health and ensure compliance with regulatory standards. Various methods are employed for exposure assessment, including personal air sampling, area monitoring, and biological monitoring. Based on the results of these assessments, appropriate control measures can be implemented to reduce or eliminate the risks associated with inhalation exposure.

Tobacco products are defined as any items that contain tobacco, including but not limited to cigarettes, cigars, pipe tobacco, snuff, chewing tobacco, and electronic nicotine delivery systems (such as e-cigarettes). These products can be smoked, smokeless, or heated and involve the inhalation or ingestion of tobacco or its derivatives. They are known to cause addiction due to their nicotine content and can lead to a variety of serious health problems, including cancer, heart disease, and lung disease.

Environmental exposure refers to the contact of an individual with any chemical, physical, or biological agent in the environment that can cause a harmful effect on health. These exposures can occur through various pathways such as inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact. Examples of environmental exposures include air pollution, water contamination, occupational chemicals, and allergens. The duration and level of exposure, as well as the susceptibility of the individual, can all contribute to the risk of developing an adverse health effect.

Acrolein is an unsaturated aldehyde with the chemical formula CH2CHCHO. It is a colorless liquid that has a distinct unpleasant odor and is highly reactive. Acrolein is produced by the partial oxidation of certain organic compounds, such as glycerol and fatty acids, and it is also found in small amounts in some foods, such as coffee and bread.

Acrolein is a potent irritant to the eyes, nose, and throat, and exposure to high levels can cause coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. It has been shown to have toxic effects on the lungs, heart, and nervous system, and prolonged exposure has been linked to an increased risk of cancer.

In the medical field, acrolein is sometimes used as a laboratory reagent or as a preservative for biological specimens. However, due to its potential health hazards, it must be handled with care and appropriate safety precautions should be taken when working with this compound.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Wood" is not a medical term. It is a common name for various hard, fibrous tissues that make up the trunks and branches of trees and shrubs, as well as a term used for a wide range of items made from these materials. If you have any medical concerns or questions, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you.

I believe there might be a misunderstanding in your question. "Restaurants" are establishments where food and drinks are prepared and served to customers for a profit. They are part of the hospitality industry, not a medical term or concept. If you have any questions about medical terminology or concepts, I would be happy to help!

A lung is a pair of spongy, elastic organs in the chest that work together to enable breathing. They are responsible for taking in oxygen and expelling carbon dioxide through the process of respiration. The left lung has two lobes, while the right lung has three lobes. The lungs are protected by the ribcage and are covered by a double-layered membrane called the pleura. The trachea divides into two bronchi, which further divide into smaller bronchioles, leading to millions of tiny air sacs called alveoli, where the exchange of gases occurs.

Smoking cessation is the process of discontinuing tobacco smoking. This can be achieved through various methods such as behavioral modifications, counseling, and medication. The goal of smoking cessation is to improve overall health, reduce the risk of tobacco-related diseases, and enhance quality of life. It is a significant step towards preventing lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and other serious health conditions.

Inhalation burns, also known as respiratory or pulmonary burns, refer to damage to the airways and lungs caused by inhaling hot gases, smoke, steam, or toxic fumes. This type of injury can occur during a fire or other thermal incidents and can result in significant morbidity and mortality.

Inhalation burns are classified into three categories based on the location and severity of the injury:

1. Upper airway burns: These involve the nose, throat, and voice box (larynx) and are usually caused by inhaling hot gases or steam. Symptoms may include singed nasal hairs, soot in the nose or mouth, coughing, wheezing, and difficulty speaking or swallowing.
2. Lower airway burns: These involve the trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles and are usually caused by inhaling smoke or toxic fumes. Symptoms may include coughing, chest pain, shortness of breath, and wheezing.
3. Systemic burns: These occur when toxic substances are absorbed into the bloodstream and can affect multiple organs. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, confusion, and organ failure.

Inhalation burns can lead to complications such as pneumonia, respiratory failure, and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Treatment typically involves providing oxygen therapy, removing secretions from the airways, and administering bronchodilators and corticosteroids to reduce inflammation. Severe cases may require intubation and mechanical ventilation.

Prevention of inhalation burns includes avoiding smoke-filled areas during a fire, staying close to the ground where the air is cooler and cleaner, and using appropriate respiratory protection devices when exposed to toxic fumes or gases.

Carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) is a form of hemoglobin that has bonded with carbon monoxide (CO), a colorless, odorless gas. Normally, hemoglobin in red blood cells binds with oxygen (O2) to carry it throughout the body. However, when exposed to CO, hemoglobin preferentially binds with it, forming carboxyhemoglobin, which reduces the amount of oxygen that can be carried by the blood. This can lead to hypoxia (lack of oxygen in tissues) and potentially serious medical consequences, including death. Carbon monoxide exposure can occur from sources such as smoke inhalation, vehicle exhaust, or faulty heating systems.

Nitrosamines are a type of chemical compound that are formed by the reaction between nitrous acid (or any nitrogen oxide) and secondary amines. They are often found in certain types of food, such as cured meats and cheeses, as well as in tobacco products and cosmetics.

Nitrosamines have been classified as probable human carcinogens by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Exposure to high levels of nitrosamines has been linked to an increased risk of cancer, particularly in the digestive tract. They can also cause DNA damage and interfere with the normal functioning of cells.

In the medical field, nitrosamines have been a topic of concern due to their potential presence as contaminants in certain medications. For example, some drugs that contain nitrofurantoin, a medication used to treat urinary tract infections, have been found to contain low levels of nitrosamines. While the risk associated with these low levels is not well understood, efforts are underway to minimize the presence of nitrosamines in medications and other products.

A Tobacco Industry is a commercial sector involved in the cultivation, production, manufacturing, marketing, and distribution of tobacco and tobacco-related products. This can include growers who produce tobacco leaves, manufacturers who process the leaves into various forms (such as cigarettes, chewing tobacco, or snuff), and companies that market and distribute these products to consumers. It is important to note that the tobacco industry has been associated with significant health risks, as the use of tobacco products can lead to a range of serious health problems, including cancer, heart disease, and lung disease.

"Maternal exposure" is a medical term that refers to the contact or interaction of a pregnant woman with various environmental factors, such as chemicals, radiation, infectious agents, or physical environments, which could potentially have an impact on the developing fetus. This exposure can occur through different routes, including inhalation, ingestion, dermal contact, or even transplacentally. The effects of maternal exposure on the fetus can vary widely depending on the type, duration, and intensity of the exposure, as well as the stage of pregnancy at which it occurs. It is important to monitor and minimize maternal exposure to potentially harmful substances or environments during pregnancy to ensure the best possible outcomes for both the mother and developing fetus.

A smoke-free policy is a set of rules or regulations that prohibit smoking in a specific area or organization-wide, with the goal of protecting people from the harmful effects of secondhand smoke. These policies can apply to various settings such as workplaces, hospitals, schools, restaurants, and public places. The ultimate aim of a smoke-free policy is to reduce exposure to tobacco smoke, promote healthier living environments, and encourage smoking cessation. Smoke-free policies are evidence-based interventions that have been shown to significantly improve indoor air quality, decrease the prevalence of respiratory symptoms, and lower the risk of cardiovascular diseases among non-smoking individuals.

Air pollutants are substances or mixtures of substances present in the air that can have negative effects on human health, the environment, and climate. These pollutants can come from a variety of sources, including industrial processes, transportation, residential heating and cooking, agricultural activities, and natural events. Some common examples of air pollutants include particulate matter, nitrogen dioxide, sulfur dioxide, ozone, carbon monoxide, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

Air pollutants can cause a range of health effects, from respiratory irritation and coughing to more serious conditions such as bronchitis, asthma, and cancer. They can also contribute to climate change by reacting with other chemicals in the atmosphere to form harmful ground-level ozone and by directly absorbing or scattering sunlight, which can affect temperature and precipitation patterns.

Air quality standards and regulations have been established to limit the amount of air pollutants that can be released into the environment, and efforts are ongoing to reduce emissions and improve air quality worldwide.

Protective devices, in the context of medical care, refer to equipment or products designed to prevent injury, harm, or infection to patients, healthcare workers, or others. They can include a wide range of items such as:

1. Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): Items worn by healthcare professionals to protect themselves from infectious materials or harmful substances, such as gloves, masks, face shields, gowns, and goggles.
2. Medical Devices: Equipment designed to prevent injury during medical procedures, such as tourniquets, safety needles, and bite blocks.
3. Patient Safety Devices: Items used to protect patients from harm, such as bed rails, pressure ulcer prevention devices, and fall prevention equipment.
4. Environmental Protection Devices: Equipment used to prevent the spread of infectious agents in healthcare settings, such as air purifiers, isolation rooms, and waste management systems.
5. Dental Protective Devices: Devices used in dental care to protect patients and dental professionals from injury or infection, such as dental dams, mouth mirrors, and high-speed evacuators.

The specific definition of protective devices may vary depending on the context and field of medicine.

"Public facilities" is not a term typically used in medical definitions. However, in a broader context, public facilities generally refer to buildings, services, and infrastructure that are owned and operated by local, state, or federal government agencies for the use of the general public. These can include parks, libraries, community centers, public restrooms, transportation systems (such as buses, trains, and subways), and other similar establishments.

While not a medical definition per se, public facilities can have implications for public health and accessibility. For example, accessible public facilities are essential for individuals with disabilities to fully participate in community life. Public restrooms that are clean, well-maintained, and equipped with necessary amenities (such as grab bars and accessible sinks) can help prevent the spread of infectious diseases and ensure that all members of the community have equal access to these facilities. Similarly, public transportation systems that are safe, reliable, and accessible can improve overall community health by providing individuals with greater mobility and access to healthcare services, employment opportunities, and other essential resources.

Pulmonary emphysema is a chronic respiratory disease characterized by abnormal, permanent enlargement of the airspaces distal to the terminal bronchioles, accompanied by destruction of their walls and without obvious fibrosis. This results in loss of elastic recoil, which leads to trappling of air within the lungs and difficulty exhaling. It is often caused by cigarette smoking or long-term exposure to harmful pollutants. The disease is part of a group of conditions known as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which also includes chronic bronchitis.

"Prenatal exposure delayed effects" refer to the adverse health outcomes or symptoms that become apparent in an individual during their development or later in life, which are caused by exposure to certain environmental factors or substances while they were still in the womb. These effects may not be immediately observable at birth and can take weeks, months, years, or even decades to manifest. They can result from maternal exposure to various agents such as infectious diseases, medications, illicit drugs, tobacco smoke, alcohol, or environmental pollutants during pregnancy. The delayed effects can impact multiple organ systems and may include physical, cognitive, behavioral, and developmental abnormalities. It is important to note that the risk and severity of these effects can depend on several factors, including the timing, duration, and intensity of the exposure, as well as the individual's genetic susceptibility.

Respiratory tract diseases refer to a broad range of medical conditions that affect the respiratory system, which includes the nose, throat (pharynx), windpipe (trachea), bronchi, bronchioles, and lungs. These diseases can be categorized into upper and lower respiratory tract infections based on the location of the infection.

Upper respiratory tract infections affect the nose, sinuses, pharynx, and larynx, and include conditions such as the common cold, flu, sinusitis, and laryngitis. Symptoms often include nasal congestion, sore throat, cough, and fever.

Lower respiratory tract infections affect the trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, and lungs, and can be more severe. They include conditions such as pneumonia, bronchitis, and tuberculosis. Symptoms may include cough, chest congestion, shortness of breath, and fever.

Respiratory tract diseases can also be caused by allergies, irritants, or genetic factors. Treatment varies depending on the specific condition and severity but may include medications, breathing treatments, or surgery in severe cases.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "housing" is not a term that has a medical definition. In a general sense, housing refers to a place where someone lives, such as a house or apartment. If you have any questions related to healthcare, medicine, or health-related topics, I would be happy to try to help answer them.

Carbon monoxide (CO) is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas that is slightly less dense than air. It is toxic to hemoglobic animals when encountered in concentrations above about 35 ppm. This compound is a product of incomplete combustion of organic matter, and is a major component of automobile exhaust.

Carbon monoxide is poisonous because it binds to hemoglobin in red blood cells much more strongly than oxygen does, forming carboxyhemoglobin. This prevents the transport of oxygen throughout the body, which can lead to suffocation and death. Symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning include headache, dizziness, weakness, nausea, vomiting, confusion, and disorientation. Prolonged exposure can lead to unconsciousness and death.

Carbon monoxide detectors are commonly used in homes and other buildings to alert occupants to the presence of this dangerous gas. It is important to ensure that these devices are functioning properly and that they are placed in appropriate locations throughout the building. Additionally, it is essential to maintain appliances and heating systems to prevent the release of carbon monoxide into living spaces.

Emphysema is a chronic respiratory disease characterized by abnormal, permanent enlargement of the airspaces called alveoli in the lungs, accompanied by destruction of their walls. This results in loss of elasticity and decreased gas exchange efficiency, causing shortness of breath and coughing. It is often caused by smoking or exposure to harmful pollutants. The damage to the lungs is irreversible, but quitting smoking and using medications can help alleviate symptoms and slow disease progression.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive lung disease characterized by the persistent obstruction of airflow in and out of the lungs. This obstruction is usually caused by two primary conditions: chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Chronic bronchitis involves inflammation and narrowing of the airways, leading to excessive mucus production and coughing. Emphysema is a condition where the alveoli (air sacs) in the lungs are damaged, resulting in decreased gas exchange and shortness of breath.

The main symptoms of COPD include progressive shortness of breath, chronic cough, chest tightness, wheezing, and excessive mucus production. The disease is often associated with exposure to harmful particles or gases, such as cigarette smoke, air pollution, or occupational dusts and chemicals. While there is no cure for COPD, treatments can help alleviate symptoms, improve quality of life, and slow the progression of the disease. These treatments may include bronchodilators, corticosteroids, combination inhalers, pulmonary rehabilitation, and, in severe cases, oxygen therapy or lung transplantation.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "workplace" is not a term that has a specific medical definition. The term "workplace" generally refers to a place where people work or carry out their jobs. It could be an office, a factory, a construction site, a retail store, or any other location where work-related activities take place.

If you're looking for a term related to health or medicine that describes a physical location, some examples might include "healthcare facility," "clinic," "hospital," "operating room," or "examination room." If you could provide more context or clarify what you're looking for, I'd be happy to help further!

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a group of organic compounds characterized by the presence of two or more fused benzene rings. They are called "polycyclic" because they contain multiple cyclic structures, and "aromatic" because these structures contain alternating double bonds that give them distinctive chemical properties and a characteristic smell.

PAHs can be produced from both natural and anthropogenic sources. Natural sources include wildfires, volcanic eruptions, and the decomposition of organic matter. Anthropogenic sources include the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, such as coal, oil, and gasoline, as well as tobacco smoke, grilled foods, and certain industrial processes.

PAHs are known to be environmental pollutants and can have harmful effects on human health. They have been linked to an increased risk of cancer, particularly lung, skin, and bladder cancers, as well as reproductive and developmental toxicity. PAHs can also cause skin irritation, respiratory problems, and damage to the immune system.

PAHs are found in a variety of environmental media, including air, water, soil, and food. They can accumulate in the food chain, particularly in fatty tissues, and have been detected in a wide range of foods, including meat, fish, dairy products, and vegetables. Exposure to PAHs can occur through inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact.

It is important to limit exposure to PAHs by avoiding tobacco smoke, reducing consumption of grilled and smoked foods, using ventilation when cooking, and following safety guidelines when working with industrial processes that produce PAHs.

"Bronchi" are a pair of airways in the respiratory system that branch off from the trachea (windpipe) and lead to the lungs. They are responsible for delivering oxygen-rich air to the lungs and removing carbon dioxide during exhalation. The right bronchus is slightly larger and more vertical than the left, and they further divide into smaller branches called bronchioles within the lungs. Any abnormalities or diseases affecting the bronchi can impact lung function and overall respiratory health.

Filtration in the medical context refers to a process used in various medical treatments and procedures, where a substance is passed through a filter with the purpose of removing impurities or unwanted components. The filter can be made up of different materials such as paper, cloth, or synthetic membranes, and it works by trapping particles or molecules based on their size, shape, or charge.

For example, filtration is commonly used in kidney dialysis to remove waste products and excess fluids from the blood. In this case, the patient's blood is pumped through a special filter called a dialyzer, which separates waste products and excess fluids from the blood based on size differences between these substances and the blood cells. The clean blood is then returned to the patient's body.

Filtration is also used in other medical applications such as water purification, air filtration, and tissue engineering. In each case, the goal is to remove unwanted components or impurities from a substance, making it safer or more effective for use in medical treatments and procedures.

An Atmosphere Exposure Chamber (AEC) is a controlled environment chamber that is designed to expose materials, products, or devices to specific atmospheric conditions for the purpose of testing their durability, performance, and safety. These chambers can simulate various environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, pressure, and contaminants, allowing researchers and manufacturers to evaluate how these factors may affect the properties and behavior of the materials being tested.

AECs are commonly used in a variety of industries, including automotive, aerospace, electronics, and medical devices, to ensure that products meet regulatory requirements and industry standards for performance and safety. For example, an AEC might be used to test the durability of a new aircraft material under extreme temperature and humidity conditions, or to evaluate the performance of a medical device in a contaminated environment.

The design and operation of AECs are subject to various regulations and standards, such as those established by organizations like the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), and the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE). These standards ensure that AECs are designed and operated in a consistent and controlled manner, allowing for accurate and reliable test results.

Medical Definition:

"Risk factors" are any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury. They can be divided into modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Modifiable risk factors are those that can be changed through lifestyle choices or medical treatment, while non-modifiable risk factors are inherent traits such as age, gender, or genetic predisposition. Examples of modifiable risk factors include smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet, while non-modifiable risk factors include age, sex, and family history. It is important to note that having a risk factor does not guarantee that a person will develop the disease, but rather indicates an increased susceptibility.

Ganglionic stimulants are a type of medication that act on the ganglia, which are clusters of nerve cells located outside the central nervous system. These medications work by stimulating the ganglia, leading to an increase in the transmission of nerve impulses and the activation of various physiological responses.

Ganglionic stimulants were once used in the treatment of conditions such as asthma, bronchitis, and cardiovascular disease. However, their use has largely been discontinued due to the development of safer and more effective treatments. These medications can have significant side effects, including increased heart rate and blood pressure, dizziness, headache, and in rare cases, seizures and coma.

It's important to note that the medical community no longer recommends the use of ganglionic stimulants due to their potential for serious harm. If you have any questions about medications or treatments for a particular condition, it's best to consult with a qualified healthcare professional.

Carcinogens are agents (substances or mixtures of substances) that can cause cancer. They may be naturally occurring or man-made. Carcinogens can increase the risk of cancer by altering cellular DNA, disrupting cellular function, or promoting cell growth. Examples of carcinogens include certain chemicals found in tobacco smoke, asbestos, UV radiation from the sun, and some viruses.

It's important to note that not all exposures to carcinogens will result in cancer, and the risk typically depends on factors such as the level and duration of exposure, individual genetic susceptibility, and lifestyle choices. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classifies carcinogens into different groups based on the strength of evidence linking them to cancer:

Group 1: Carcinogenic to humans
Group 2A: Probably carcinogenic to humans
Group 2B: Possibly carcinogenic to humans
Group 3: Not classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans
Group 4: Probably not carcinogenic to humans

This information is based on medical research and may be subject to change as new studies become available. Always consult a healthcare professional for medical advice.

Pregnancy is a physiological state or condition where a fertilized egg (zygote) successfully implants and grows in the uterus of a woman, leading to the development of an embryo and finally a fetus. This process typically spans approximately 40 weeks, divided into three trimesters, and culminates in childbirth. Throughout this period, numerous hormonal and physical changes occur to support the growing offspring, including uterine enlargement, breast development, and various maternal adaptations to ensure the fetus's optimal growth and well-being.

Lung neoplasms refer to abnormal growths or tumors in the lung tissue. These tumors can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Malignant lung neoplasms are further classified into two main types: small cell lung carcinoma and non-small cell lung carcinoma. Lung neoplasms can cause symptoms such as cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, and weight loss. They are often caused by smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke, but can also occur due to genetic factors, radiation exposure, and other environmental carcinogens. Early detection and treatment of lung neoplasms is crucial for improving outcomes and survival rates.

Environmental monitoring is the systematic and ongoing surveillance, measurement, and assessment of environmental parameters, pollutants, or other stressors in order to evaluate potential impacts on human health, ecological systems, or compliance with regulatory standards. This process typically involves collecting and analyzing data from various sources, such as air, water, soil, and biota, and using this information to inform decisions related to public health, environmental protection, and resource management.

In medical terms, environmental monitoring may refer specifically to the assessment of environmental factors that can impact human health, such as air quality, water contamination, or exposure to hazardous substances. This type of monitoring is often conducted in occupational settings, where workers may be exposed to potential health hazards, as well as in community-based settings, where environmental factors may contribute to public health issues. The goal of environmental monitoring in a medical context is to identify and mitigate potential health risks associated with environmental exposures, and to promote healthy and safe environments for individuals and communities.

"Cooking" is not a medical term, but it generally refers to the process of preparing and cooking food. In a medical or nutritional context, "cooking" may refer to the application of heat to food in order to make it safe and more palatable to eat, as well as to improve its nutritional value and digestibility.

Cooking can also have an impact on the nutrient content of food. For example, cooking certain vegetables can increase their bioavailability, or the amount of a nutrient that is available for absorption by the body. On the other hand, cooking some foods at high temperatures or for long periods of time can lead to the loss of certain nutrients, such as vitamins C and B.

It's important to note that the way food is cooked can also affect its safety. For example, undercooked meat, poultry, and seafood can harbor harmful bacteria, such as Salmonella and E. coli, which can cause foodborne illness. It's essential to cook these foods thoroughly to reduce the risk of infection.

In summary, while "cooking" is not a medical term, it has important implications for food safety, nutrition, and digestion.

Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid is a type of clinical specimen obtained through a procedure called bronchoalveolar lavage. This procedure involves inserting a bronchoscope into the lungs and instilling a small amount of saline solution into a specific area of the lung, then gently aspirating the fluid back out. The fluid that is recovered is called bronchoalveolar lavage fluid.

BAL fluid contains cells and other substances that are present in the lower respiratory tract, including the alveoli (the tiny air sacs where gas exchange occurs). By analyzing BAL fluid, doctors can diagnose various lung conditions, such as pneumonia, interstitial lung disease, and lung cancer. They can also monitor the effectiveness of treatments for these conditions by comparing the composition of BAL fluid before and after treatment.

BAL fluid is typically analyzed for its cellular content, including the number and type of white blood cells present, as well as for the presence of bacteria, viruses, or other microorganisms. The fluid may also be tested for various proteins, enzymes, and other biomarkers that can provide additional information about lung health and disease.

Respiratory mucosa refers to the mucous membrane that lines the respiratory tract, including the nose, throat, bronchi, and lungs. It is a specialized type of tissue that is composed of epithelial cells, goblet cells, and glands that produce mucus, which helps to trap inhaled particles such as dust, allergens, and pathogens.

The respiratory mucosa also contains cilia, tiny hair-like structures that move rhythmically to help propel the mucus and trapped particles out of the airways and into the upper part of the throat, where they can be swallowed or coughed up. This defense mechanism is known as the mucociliary clearance system.

In addition to its role in protecting the respiratory tract from harmful substances, the respiratory mucosa also plays a crucial role in immune function by containing various types of immune cells that help to detect and respond to pathogens and other threats.

Particulate Matter (PM) refers to the mixture of tiny particles and droplets in the air that are solid or liquid in nature. These particles vary in size, with some being visible to the naked eye while others can only be seen under a microscope. PM is classified based on its diameter:

* PM10 includes particles with a diameter of 10 micrometers or smaller. These particles are often found in dust, pollen, and smoke.
* PM2.5 includes particles with a diameter of 2.5 micrometers or smaller. These fine particles are produced from sources such as power plants, industrial processes, and vehicle emissions. They can also come from natural sources like wildfires.

Exposure to particulate matter has been linked to various health problems, including respiratory issues, cardiovascular disease, and premature death. The smaller the particle, the deeper it can penetrate into the lungs, making PM2.5 particularly harmful to human health.

Burns are injuries to tissues caused by heat, electricity, chemicals, friction, or radiation. They are classified based on their severity:

1. First-degree burns (superficial burns) affect only the outer layer of skin (epidermis), causing redness, pain, and swelling.
2. Second-degree burns (partial-thickness burns) damage both the epidermis and the underlying layer of skin (dermis). They result in redness, pain, swelling, and blistering.
3. Third-degree burns (full-thickness burns) destroy the entire depth of the skin and can also damage underlying muscles, tendons, and bones. These burns appear white or blackened and charred, and they may be painless due to destroyed nerve endings.

Immediate medical attention is required for second-degree and third-degree burns, as well as for large area first-degree burns, to prevent infection, manage pain, and ensure proper healing. Treatment options include wound care, antibiotics, pain management, and possibly skin grafting or surgery in severe cases.

... lock smoke in valleys Burning Issues wood smoke Site Shedding new light on wood smoke 7 things you need to know about smoke ... Smoke inhalation is also a danger of smoke that can cause serious injury and death.[citation needed] Many compounds of smoke ... smoke' which is not a smoke at all but merely a suspension of harmless water particulates. Smoke from heating appliances is ... smoke signals), defensive and offensive capabilities in the military (smoke screen), cooking, or smoking (tobacco, cannabis, ...
Descriptors for the smell and taste of a smoke tainted wine include smoky, wood smoke, chargrill, smoked meats, bacon and ... Smoke taint is a broad term for a set of smoke imparted compounds found in affected wines, constituting a wine fault. ... Smoke taint occurs when developing grapes are exposed to the smoke from wildfires. There are a number of factors that will ... "Smoke Impact in Grapes and Wine". ETS Laboratories. Retrieved 6 June 2021. "What to Do with Grapes Exposed to Smoke?" (PDF). ...
Media related to Smoke rings at Wikimedia Commons How to puff a smoke ring? Blowing a smoke ring (wikiHow) Smoke rings ... A smoke ring is a visible vortex ring formed by smoke in a clear atmosphere. Smokers may blow smoke rings from the mouth, ... The head of a mushroom cloud is a large smoke ring. A smoke ring is commonly formed when a puff of smoke is suddenly injected ... JSTOR link Movie of a modern recreation of Tait's smoke ring experiment How to Blow Smoke Rings - Howiw How To Blow Smoke Rings ...
The smoke point of an oil correlates with its level of refinement. Many cooking oils have smoke points above standard home ... "Smoking Points of Fats and Oils". What's Cooking America. "Smoke Point of Oils". Baseline of Health. Jonbarron.org. 2012-04-17 ... "Smoke Point of different Cooking Oils". Charts Bin. 2011. Detwiler, S. B.; Markley, K. S. (1940). "Smoke, flash, and fire ... The following table presents smoke points of various fats and oils. view talk edit Specified smoke, fire, and flash points of ...
"Señor Smoke - Electric Six". AllMusic. Retrieved 2018-06-01. Modell, Josh (2006-02-21). "Electric Six: Señor Smoke". The A.V. ... Señor Smoke was ravaged by the UK press upon its 2005 release. However, the response to the album has been much more ... Señor Smoke (2005) is the second album from Electric Six, following Fire in 2003. It was released in the UK February 14, 2005 ... "Electric Six - Señor Smoke (2005, CD)". Discogs. "Radio Ga Ga" music video on YouTube (Webarchive template wayback links, ...
The smoke night or smoke social was a predominantly Australian form of male only social event in late nineteenth and early ... Large groups of Australian men gathered in a venue to smoke tobacco together in what they termed a smoke night. These lasted ... "SMOKE SOCIAL". The Register. Adelaide: National Library of Australia. 10 August 1911. p. 5. Retrieved 28 April 2011. "SMOKE ... Collection ID: SH 960715 1. "Farewell for Mr J.B. Hyde Smoke Social". Erik Eklund Steel town: the making and breaking of Port ...
Smoke, also known as Smoke the Donkey, was a donkey that was a mascot and therapy animal for the United States Marine Corps in ... In 2011, Smoke traveled halfway around the world to the United States: the only donkey to make such a journey. The process to ... In 2016, Smoke the Donkey: A Marine's Unlikely Friend-a book about his life by Cate Folsom-was published by University of ... Smoke was a donkey found during the 2003 Iraq War. Marine Colonel John Folsom helped rescue the malnourished animal and built a ...
Smoke at IMDb Smoke at Box Office Mojo Smoke Jazz & Supper Club-Lounge (Articles with short description, Short description is ... "Smoke". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Evans, Greg (June 13, 1995). "'Smoke' screens coasts". Daily Variety. p. 14. Liu, ... Smoke is a 1995 American independent film by Wayne Wang and Paul Auster. The original story was written by Paul Auster, who ... "All That Jazz: Smoke Jazz and Supper Club, Harlem". Voyage.tv. Archived from the original on January 7, 2011. Retrieved June 30 ...
A half-smoke can be half pork, half beef, all beef, or anything in between. It can be steamed instead of smoked. The company ... The etymology of "half-smoke" possibly comes from the original half-pork, half-beef composition, the ingredients and smoked ... A half-smoke is a type of hot dog found in Washington, D.C., and the surrounding region. Larger, spicier, and with more ... Half-smokes are the "official dog" of the Washington Nationals. The most prominent location is often cited as Ben's Chili Bowl ...
The Smoke were coached by Keith Gretzky from 1998 to 2000. Prior to the 1998 relocation to Asheville, the team was known as the ... The Asheville Smoke were a minor professional ice hockey team in the United Hockey League. Home games were played in the ... Smoke owner Dan Wilhelm also had a minority ownership in the Speed, which was primarily owned by his brother Andrew Wilhelm. ... In three of their four seasons played, the Smoke finished with a near 0.500 record each season. In the 2000 season, the team ...
... at the Killer List of Videogames Gun.Smoke at the arcade history database Gun.Smoke: NES Game Coverage Desperado at ... Gun.Smoke centers on a character named Billy Bob, a bounty hunter going after the criminals of the Wild West. Gun Smoke is a ... Two versions of Gun.Smoke were released in North America by Romstar.[citation needed] Gun.Smoke was ported to these systems: ... Gun.Smoke is vertically scrolling run and gun video game and designed by Yoshiki Okamoto and released in arcades in 1985. ...
... at IMDb Holy Smoke! at Rotten Tomatoes Holy Smoke! at Box Office Mojo Holy Smoke at Oz Movies Holy Smoke! at the ... "Holy Smoke". AFI Catalog of Feature Films. Los Angeles, California. Archived from the original on 10 March 2020. "Holy Smoke". ... "Holy Smoke Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 22 October 2020. Maslin, Janet (8 October 1999). "'Holy Smoke': For Enlightenment, ... Holy Smoke! is a 1999 independent romantic comedy-drama film directed by Jane Campion, and starring Kate Winslet and Harvey ...
These are now referred to less as liquid smoke products, and instead as smoke flavorings, smoke flavors, and natural condensed ... Liquid smoke is a water-soluble yellow to red liquid used as a flavoring as a substitute for cooking with wood smoke while ... The smoke flavors can also be incorporated into sauces such as barbeque or dry seasonings. Aqueous smoke solutions can also be ... Liquid smoke is used extensively by topical application to replace direct wood-smoking of food. In addition to flavor, reaction ...
"iTunes - Music - Smoke Break by Carrie Underwood". iTunes Store. Australia: Apple Inc. August 21, 2015. "iTunes - Music - Smoke ... Maeve McDermott (August 21, 2015). "Carrie Underwood tries to make smoking cool again on 'Smoke Break'". USA Today. Sterling ... Kevin John (August 21, 2015). "Single Review: Carrie Underwood, 'Smoke Break'". Country Universe. "Carrie Underwood, 'Smoke ... "Smoke Break" is a country rock song that critics have described as "a homage to hard working people in need of a breather". It ...
... the Autobiography of Marlis Jermutus Official Website Sweet Smoke's MySpace page Fan site including statements from Sweet Smoke ... Sweet Smoke was an American rock band formed in Brooklyn, New York, in 1968. The group moved to Europe in 1969, living in ... After recording Just a Poke, Sweet Smoke took a year off to travel. Most of the group drove the band's Ford Transit van ... Although originating in the U.S., Sweet Smoke is often referred to as a Krautrock band. Noted for their buoyant rhythms, ...
Combination fire/smoke dampers are also available if a smoke barrier is desired at the same location as a fire barrier. ... Smoke dampers can be activated by the fire alarm system, usually initiated by smoke detectors, or interlocked with a fire ... A combination of fans and dampers can exhaust smoke from an area while pressurizing the smoke-free areas around the affected ... Smoke dampers close by an electric or pneumatic actuator, or a spring actuator, and can be either manually reset or driven open ...
"Benjamin Smoke". Rotten Tomatoes. Archived from the original on July 17, 2012. Retrieved September 3, 2007. "Benjamin Smoke". ... "Benjamin Smoke (2000)". Amazon. January 21, 2003. Retrieved September 3, 2007. "Smoke: Another Reason to Fast". CD Baby. ... Smoke was renowned for his on-stage banter, never shying away from provoking his viewers, "for a faggot, do I have a rockin' ... Benjamin Smoke': A Dying Hipster Full of Song, Poetry and Sweet Nonsense". archive.nytimes.com. Retrieved January 17, 2020. " ...
Raymond Peter "Smoke" Laval (born December 20, 1955) is an American college baseball coach who was the head coach of the ... "UNF Names Smoke Laval New Baseball Coach". unfospreys.com. University of North Florida. August 24, 2009. Retrieved October 3, ...
... , frost smoke, or steam fog is fog which is formed when very cold air moves over warmer water. Arctic sea smoke is sea ... Sea smoke has a turbulent appearance and may form spiraling columns. It is usually not very high and lookouts on ships can ... However, sea smoke columns 20-30 m (70-100 ft) high have been observed. Because this type of fog requires very low air ... Sea Smoke and Steam Fog, by P. M. Saunders (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts (Manuscript received 9 July ...
The bully is practicing smoking tricks with a cigar when Porky arrives and chides him for smoking while underage. The bully ... Nick then offers Porky all the smoking he can handle, and suddenly, a wide variety of tobacco products and smoking devices come ... Wholly Smoke is a 1938 Warner Bros. Looney Tunes cartoon directed by Frank Tashlin. The short was released on August 27, 1938, ... Wholly Smoke isn't just a morality tale or just another wacky Warner flight into dreamland. It's also the surprisingly real ...
In the subsequent two years, Super Tucanos have replaced the Tucano in the Smoke Squadron "Visita ao Hangar - EDA". "Missão, ... The stated objective of the Smoke Squadron are: To bring together civilian and military aeronautical communities To contribute ... The Aerial Demonstration Squadron (Portuguese: Esquadrão de Demonstração Aérea, EDA), popularly known as Smoke Squadron ( ...
... may refer to: Look up blow smoke or blow smoke up someone's ass in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Smoke ring " ... Smoke", song by Nashville Pussy from Let Them Eat Pussy "Blowin' Smoke", song by Venomin James "Blowing Smoke", song by Lil' ... Smoke, 1999 film starring Steve Zahn Blowing Smoke, documentary on cigars by James Orr (filmmaker) Blowing Smoke, a 2004 TV ... Smoke", song by Pete Nice and DJ Richie Rich from Dust to Dust (Pete Nice and DJ Richie Rich album) "Blowin' Smoke", song by ...
"DB Smoke Bouie no longer on Georgia roster". The Athletic. Retrieved 2023-07-18. Warden, Owen (2023-07-18). "Kirby Smart: Smoke ... Smoke' Bouie announces transfer to Georgia". The Athletic. Retrieved 2023-01-21. "Texas A&M cornerback Smoke Bouie transfers to ... Deyon "Smoke" Bouie is an American football defensive back. Bouie began his college career with Texas A&M before transferring ... Pensabene, Vincent (August 1, 2023). "Who is Smoke Bouie? Georgia CB arrested for false identification 'no longer' part of ...
ISBN 978-0-7190-4813-5. ""Richard Smoke", Pennsylvania State University, Alan Jalowitz, Fall 2006". Smoke, Richard (1972). ... Smoke committed suicide in 1995. He was the co-founder of the Center for Peace and Common Security. An internship at Brown ... Richard Smoke (October 21, 1944, Huntingdon, Pennsylvania - May 1995, Sarasota, California) was an American historian and ... ISBN 0-07-059352-3 Richard Smoke, ed. (1996). Perceptions of Security: Public Opinion and Expert Assessments in Europe's New ...
"Smoke Dawg Struggle Before Glory". exclaim.ca. "Hear Smoke Dawg's Posthumous 'Struggle Before Glory' LP". Exclaim.ca. "Smoke ... Affiliates of Smoke Dawg posted on social media that Smoke Dawg and 28-year-old Prime Boys manager Koba Prime (birth name ... "Smoke Dawg Dead: Rapper Shot, Killed in Toronto". Billboard. July 1, 2018. "Smoke Dawg brings out Nafe Smallz and Drake at his ... "Noisey Meets: Smoke Dawg". Noisey. VICE. December 21, 2017. "Premiere: Jimmy Prime Turns Up With Smoke Dawg and Donnie in " ...
... (1998) is the third full-length studio album released on CD by Tadpoles and is the first album with Tadpoles' new ... Drums and Percussion Smoke Ghost was produced, engineered and mixed by Mark Kramer (Shimmy Disc) at Noise New Jersey Studio in ...
In those that produce screening smoke, the filler usually consists of HC smoke mixture (hexachloroethane/zinc) or TA smoke ... The smoke generator on the Medium Mark B tank used sulfonic acid. The first documented use of a smoke screen was circa 2000 B.C ... A smoke screen is smoke released to mask the movement or location of military units such as infantry, tanks, aircraft, or ships ... The smoke consists of zinc chloride, zinc oxychlorides, and hydrochloric acid, which absorb the moisture in the air. The smoke ...
"Smoke", a song from Red Earth by Crash Vegas "Smoke", a song from Growing Pains by Mary J. Blige "Smoke! Smoke! Smoke! (That ... Smoke (White Williams album) (2007) Smoke (Izzy Stradlin album) (2009) Smoke (Lisa Lois album) (2009) Smoke (Alexander von ... "Smoke" (50 Cent song), a 2014 song featuring Trey Songz "Smoke", a 2014 song from White Noise by Pvris "Smoke", a song from ... "The Smoke", a nickname for London Smoke (surname), a list of people John Smoke Johnson (1792-1886), a Mohawk leader in Canada, ...
Black smoke indicates a failed ballot, while white smoke means a new Pope has been elected. Colored smoke grenades are commonly ... Smoke signals remain in use today. The College of Cardinals uses smoke signals to indicate the selection of a new Pope during a ... Smoke signals may also refer to smoke-producing devices used to send distress signals. Lewis and Clark's journals cite several ... 4. "Smoke Signal". addpmp.slamjam.com. Retrieved 2022-09-13. Pyrotechnic device, Feb 4, 1964, retrieved 2017-02-01 Smoke signal ...
It is based on the 1912 short story collection Smoke Bellew. Conway Tearle as Kit 'Smoke' Bellew Barbara Bedford as Joy Gastell ... Smoke Bellew at IMDb v t e v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is different from Wikidata, Use American ... Smoke Bellew is a 1929 American silent Western film directed by Scott R. Dunlap and starring Conway Tearle, Barbara Bedford and ...
CDCs Office on Smoking and Health offers information related to smoking and tobacco use. ... Completely eliminating smoking indoors is the only way to protect nonsmokers from involuntary exposure to secondhand smoke. ... Comprehensive smoke-free laws and policies fully protect people from secondhand smoke exposure. ... Surgeon Generals Reports on Smoking and Tobacco Useplus icon*2020 SGR-Smoking Cessation ...
... and the smoke breathed out by the smoker affecting others. ... Secondhand smoke is smoke that comes from the burning end of a ... Secondhand Smoke Also called: Environmental tobacco smoke, Passive smoking, Tobacco smoke pollution ... Secondhand smoke is a mixture of the smoke that comes from the burning end of a cigarette, cigar, or pipe, and the smoke ... Secondhand Smoke (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) * Secondhand Smoke and Cancer (National Cancer Institute) Also in ...
When autocomplete results are available use up and down arrows to review and enter to select. ...
More Smoking, More SGMs The investigators analyzed the protein-coding impact of mutations in 12,341 cancer genomes of patients ... such as tobacco smoking or passive exposure to second-hand smoke," the authors write. ... Tobacco smoking is linked to "stop-gain mutations" (SGMs) that interfere with the formation of tumor suppressor genes, which ... Notably, increased tobacco smoking was associated with a higher SGM burden, indicating that the more an individual is exposed ...
... when Pliny reported the execution of prisoners by exposure to the smoke of greenwood fires. Smoke-the vaporous colloidal system ... Smoke inhalation injury was described as early as the first century CE, ... Phosphorus smokes are used in military formulations for smoke screens, incendiaries, smoke markers, colored flares, and tracer ... Smokes associated with the military or industry. Smokes and obscurants long have been used by the military as a means of hiding ...
The Health Consequences of Involuntary Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General ... The Health Consequences of Involuntary Smoking: A Report of the Surgeon General U.S Department of Health and Human Services (TO ...
Scotland prepares to join the ranks of the smoke-free. Pub owners arent giving... ... Smoke Out. Julian Sanchez , 11.11.2004 7:00 PM. Share on FacebookShare on TwitterShare on RedditShare by emailPrint friendly ... Or not, as the case may be: Scotland prepares to join the ranks of the smoke-free. Pub owners arent giving up without a fight. ...
... lock smoke in valleys Burning Issues wood smoke Site Shedding new light on wood smoke 7 things you need to know about smoke ... Smoke inhalation is also a danger of smoke that can cause serious injury and death.[citation needed] Many compounds of smoke ... smoke which is not a smoke at all but merely a suspension of harmless water particulates. Smoke from heating appliances is ... smoke signals), defensive and offensive capabilities in the military (smoke screen), cooking, or smoking (tobacco, cannabis, ...
Pregnant women need to take extra care to protect themselves against wildfire smoke. ... During a wildfire smoke event: *Pay attention to air quality reports. Follow instructions about exercise and going outside for ... Smoke can stay in the air inside buildings and outdoors for days after wildfires have ended so continue to check local air ... Plan how you will protect yourself against wildfire smoke. Talk to your healthcare provider about where you will get prenatal ...
... and a smart smoke and carbon monoxide detector can help give homeowners peace of mind even when theyre away. Here are the best ... Bosch Smart Home Smoke Detector II with HomeKit support. The Smart Home Detector II from Bosch is strictly a smoke detector, ... The Smart Home Smoke Detector II can detect smoke and sound an alarm inside the home while also sending a push notification to ... The smoke and carbon monoxide detectors buzzer can reach 89 decibels from up to 3 meters away. The user can also choose to ...
How does wildfire smoke affect your health?. Smoke from wildfires is a mixture of gases and fine particles from burning trees ... Limit your exposure to smoke. *Listen and watch for news or health warnings about wildfire smoke. Pay attention to public ... How can you tell if wildfire smoke is affecting you?. Smoke can cause coughing, a scratchy throat, irritated sinuses, shortness ... Do not smoke, because smoking puts even more pollution into the air. ...
Smoke from fires in Washington and Oregon blanketed Puget Sound and wafted out over the Pacific Ocean. ... Wildfire Smoke over the Atlantic Ocean. Acquired September 19, 2012, this natural-color image shows smoke from wildfires in the ... In this case, some of the smoke plumes reflected light from the full Moon. Note that smoke from Washingtons Bolt Creek Fire is ... Smoke blanketed Puget Sound and wafted out over the Pacific Ocean. In Washington, the newly ignited Bolt Creek Fire burned in ...
Smoke and Sacrifice sees Sachi, a mother forced to give up her son, adventure into a grotesque underworld on a quest that will ... Buy Smoke and Sacrifice Game & Soundtrack bundle BUNDLE (?) Includes 2 items: Smoke and Sacrifice, Smoke and Sacrifice ... Title: Smoke and Sacrifice. Genre: Adventure, Indie, RPG. Developer: Solar Sail Games Ltd ... Smoke and Sacrifice sees Sachi, a mother forced to give up her son, adventure into a grotesque underworld on a quest that will ...
Human Smoke: The Beginnings of World War II, the End of Civilization], which is a collection of previously published news items ... Human Smoke: The Beginnings of World War II, the End of Civilization], which is a collection of previously published news items ... Human Smoke. 1,352 Views Program ID:. 202537-1. Category:. Public Affairs Event. Format:. Interview. Location:. New York, New ... Nicholson Baker talked about his book, Human Smoke: The Beginnings of World War II, the End of Civilization, which is a ...
... active fires delivering smoke across the United States in late July. ... Smoke Spreads Across the U.S. and Canadian West. Wildfires are burning across a region struck by extremely hot, dry conditions ... The fire was not the largest or most destructive in July 2018, but the position of its smoke allowed for a clear look at the ... A notable amount of the smoke stems from the Carr Fire, which is burning in Shasta County near Redding, California. The fire ...
Natural Exposure to Wildfire Smoke Increased Pregnancy Loss in Rhesus Macaques *by Andy Fell ... Student-Built Air Purifiers Tackle Wildfire Smoke and COVID-19 *by Ali Loge ... Anita Oberholster and Colleagues Recognized for Smoke Taint Research *by Amy Quinton ...
Ruth smokes at least five times, while Robbie smokes a few, PJ smokes once and a few miscellaneous characters also smoke. ... Some of Ruths family and friends smoke a joint and pass it to Ruth, whos about to smoke it, but PJ throws it out the window ... Alcohol/Drugs , Smoking , Topics To Talk About , Violence MILD/MINOR/NONE. Blood/Gore , Imitative Behavior , Frightening/Tense ... Holy Smoke (1999). Starring Kate Winslet, and Harvey Keitel Rated R. Beliefnet ...
Red Cross services, such as smoke alarm installations, are free of charge thanks to generous partners. Anyone who needs smoke ... Paiges mother Jessica tells the Red Cross that the new smoke alarms give her peace of mind, knowing that Paige will be alerted ... content/redcross/en/local/mn-nd-sd/about-us/news-and-events/news/special-smoke-alarms-installed-for-deaf-teen1 ... American Red Cross volunteer Paul Henke installs a traditional smoke alarm on the wall, which will activate Paiges specialized ...
Smoke the turducken for four to five hours, or until the internal temperature reaches 165 degrees Fahrenheit. Place the ... Always thaw the turducken in the refrigerator for three to four days before you plan to smoke it. ...
... from the difference between cold and hot smoking to the best fish and wood for the job. ... Everything you need to smoke fish. From cold smoking to hot smoking, dry brine to wet brine-learn the basics of smoking whole ... smoking the whole fish. Its up to you whether you want to fillet a fish out or try smoking it whole. I prefer to smoke fish in ... Smoke at 160 degrees for 2 to 2-1/2 hours.. While smoking any fish, after allowing the fish to smoke for the first half hour, ...
Taking a whiff: A cannabis shop with a big selection of strains and an indoor smoking room on Khao San Road in Phra Nakhon ... Industry up in smoke? Entrepreneurs say MFP cannabis policy puts their business at risk ... If youre concerned, enact a law to control it like we do tobacco and smoking," he said. ... is insufficient to address concerns following the mushrooming of cannabis shops and the sight of people selling and smoking ...
Smoke on the Water Amid an Arctic storm, the Time Bandit pushes on with a limited amount of bait, and the Rollo and the ...
This stress is a direct cause for them to start smoking/vaping. But did you know vaping also has the same effects like smoking ... Such as THERE IS NO SUCH THING AS HEALTHY SMOKING. Because vaping still gives you harmful chemicals to our lungs and ultra fine ... But did you know vaping also has the same effects like smoking. Such as THERE IS NO SUCH THING AS HEALTHY SMOKING. Because ... To be able to use other alternatives than vaping or smoking to release stress. ...
Holy Smoke. Is Pope Francis protecting a convicted sex abuser?. 16 Aug 2022. In this episode of Holy Smoke, I look at the ever- ... Holy Smoke. Why is the Church of England so obsessed with racism?. 30 May 2022. My guest on Holy Smoke this week is, many ... Holy Smoke. Monsignor Michael Nazir-Ali on his first Easter as a Catholic. 15 Apr 2022. My guest on this episode of Holy Smoke ... Holy Smoke. The Queens powerful Christian faith. 06 Jun 2022. In this weeks Holy Smoke I offer some thoughts on the ...
  • Exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) from burning tobacco products causes disease and premature death among people who do not smoke. (cdc.gov)
  • Comprehensive smoke-free laws and policies fully protect people from secondhand smoke exposure. (cdc.gov)
  • Secondhand smoke is a mixture of the smoke that comes from the burning end of a cigarette, cigar, or pipe, and the smoke breathed out by the smoker. (medlineplus.gov)
  • There is no safe amount of secondhand smoke. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The only way to fully protect nonsmokers from secondhand smoke is not to allow smoking indoors. (medlineplus.gov)
  • What Is Secondhand Smoke? (kidshealth.org)
  • Secondhand smoke is the smoke that smokers breathe out and the smoke floating from the end of the cigarette, cigar, or pipe. (kidshealth.org)
  • What Are the Dangers of Secondhand Smoke? (kidshealth.org)
  • Secondhand smoke contains thousands of chemicals that are toxic to the body. (kidshealth.org)
  • What Can I Do About Secondhand Smoke? (kidshealth.org)
  • But evidence is mounting that the residue lingering on indoor surfaces could be just as harmful, if not more, than secondhand smoke. (genengnews.com)
  • The fine particulate matter, known as PM2.5, contained in wildfire smoke can cause serious health problems if inhaled, especially for vulnerable populations, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency . (yahoo.com)
  • Smoke from wildfires is a mixture of gases and fine particles from burning trees and other plant materials. (michigan.gov)
  • Acquired September 19, 2012, this natural-color image shows smoke from wildfires in the western United States over the Atlantic Ocean. (nasa.gov)
  • Smoke from wildfires burning across the western United States and Canada drifted all the way to Europe. (nasa.gov)
  • When wildfires burn near you, smoke can reach your community. (cdc.gov)
  • The smoke stemming from multiple wildfires that continue to burn in rural areas of Northwestern California is getting pushed southward across parts of Northern California, including the Bay Area. (yahoo.com)
  • How can you protect yourself from wildfire smoke? (michigan.gov)
  • Compared with patients with a smoking history, the cancer genomes of lifelong nonsmokers had fewer tobacco-associated SGMs. (medscape.com)
  • And, although no significant differences in the SGM burden were found between current smokers and those who quit smoking recently, both groups had significantly more SGMs than lifelong nonsmokers and former smokers who quit years earlier. (medscape.com)
  • Just as a person who smokes chooses to light up, nonsmokers have a choice too. (kidshealth.org)
  • How does wildfire smoke affect your health? (michigan.gov)
  • How can you tell if wildfire smoke is affecting you? (michigan.gov)
  • Who is more likely to be affected by health threats from wildfire smoke? (michigan.gov)
  • Listen and watch for news or health warnings about wildfire smoke. (michigan.gov)
  • Be ready to protect yourself against smoke and ash before, during, and after a wildfire. (cdc.gov)
  • Wildfire smoke is a mix of gases and fine particles from burning trees and plants, buildings, and other material. (cdc.gov)
  • Wildfire smoke can make anyone sick, but people with asthma , Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ( COPD ), or heart disease, or who are pregnant and children and responders are especially at risk. (cdc.gov)
  • Air quality top-of-mind in New England with wildfire smoke from Quebec fires again reducing air quality to level unhealthy for those with respiratory ailments. (boston.com)
  • Continues today due to #wildfire smoke from Quebec and Ontario. (boston.com)
  • Some hazy sun thru wildfire smoke this morning gives way to increasing clouds with highs only in the 60s. (boston.com)
  • Smoke inhalation is the leading cause of death due to fires. (medscape.com)
  • Smoke inhalation in pediatric victims. (medscape.com)
  • Note the many hallmarks of smoke inhalation complexed with burn injury (ie, facial burns, carbonaceous particles in the nasal cavity, periorbital edema, hair singeing). (medscape.com)
  • When a patient presents with smoke inhalation, immediate assessment of the patient's airway, breathing, and circulation should be done. (medscape.com)
  • Patients with smoke inhalation should be monitored for 4-6 hours in the ED. Those who are at low risk for injury and whose vital signs and physical examination findings remain normal can usually be discharged with close follow-up and instructions to return if symptoms develop. (medscape.com)
  • Smoke inhalation is the primary cause of death in victims of indoor fires. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most of these deaths are caused by smoke inhalation, rather than as a result of burns. (nachi.org)
  • However, if the smoke contains certain poisonous chemicals or is unusually dense or if inhalation is prolonged, serious problems can develop. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Inhalation of chemicals released in the smoke, such as hydrogen chloride, phosgene, sulfur dioxide, toxic aldehyde chemicals, and ammonia, can cause swelling and damage to the windpipe (trachea) and even the lungs. (msdmanuals.com)
  • To assess the extent of injury due to smoke inhalation in people with significant symptoms, doctors may pass a flexible viewing tube (laryngoscope or bronchoscope) into the trachea. (msdmanuals.com)
  • health concern in the developing world, The aim of the study was to estimate particularly in places where disposable in- prevalence of smoking among adults of come is increasing [ 2 ]. (who.int)
  • Prior researchers have found similar results regarding the prevalence of smoking among Brazilian youth. (bvsalud.org)
  • Smoke and the fires were visible via the instrument's day-night band, which measures nighttime light emissions and reflections. (nasa.gov)
  • Smoke from fires in Washington and Oregon blanketed Puget Sound and wafted out over the Pacific Ocean. (nasa.gov)
  • This photo-like image from August 4, 2010, shows intense fires burning across central Russia and a thick plume of smoke stretching about 3,000 kilometers (1,860 miles). (nasa.gov)
  • Earlier in the summer, satellite images showed smoke and burn scars from fires in western states including California and Colorado . (nasa.gov)
  • As the calendar turns to August, smoke is now streaming from fires in nearly every western state. (nasa.gov)
  • California's Carr Fire was one of 98 large, active fires delivering smoke across the United States in late July. (nasa.gov)
  • Almost two-thirds of reported deaths caused by home fires from 2003 to 2006 resulted from fires in homes that lacked working smoke alarms. (nachi.org)
  • Both types must pass the same tests to be certified to the voluntary standard for smoke alarms, but they perform differently in different types of fires. (nachi.org)
  • In one quarter of the U.S. home fires in which smoke detectors failed, dead batteries were the cause, according to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). (allstate.com)
  • According to the NFPA, among fires in which smoke alarms were present but didn't operate, 46 percent of the alarms had missing or disconnected batteries. (allstate.com)
  • in fires have also inhaled smoke. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Cliff Mass Weather Blog (2022, September 11) California Imports of Clouds and Smoke Aloft as Air Quality Rapidly Improves in Western Oregon and Washington . (nasa.gov)
  • Cliff Mass Weather Blog (2022, September 10) Major New Fire near Stevens Pass Sending Smoke into the North Sound . (nasa.gov)
  • anyone who lives here smoke cigarettes, cigars, or pipes anywhere inside this home? (cdc.gov)
  • How many cigarettes per day {do you/does PERSON} usually smoke anywhere inside the home? (cdc.gov)
  • They've signed a deal with R.J. Reynolds for people who smoke a certain brand of cigarettes to be able to get a cheap PC through PeoplePC. (techdirt.com)
  • Smoke lingers in the air for hours after cigarettes are put out. (kidshealth.org)
  • Electronic smoking devices, such as electronic cigarettes. (amtrak.com)
  • 4/28/2015 - It has now been proven in laboratory testing that drug-resistant bacteria beat down your immune system if you smoke cigarettes, meaning the bacteria that are exposed to cigarette smoke are MORE resistant to your immune system, including MRSA, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, the antibiotic-resistant. (naturalnews.com)
  • The journal BMC Medicine reported that smoking just 10 cigarettes daily doubles the chance of death. (naturalnews.com)
  • 12/20/2014 - In the largest city of northern Israel, the University of Haifa has shared their concluded research showing that omega-3 supplementation significantly reduces nicotine craving, not to mention the number of cigarettes a person smokes on any given day. (naturalnews.com)
  • 9/28/2014 - A new study has found that nearly 10 percent of U.S. cancer survivors are still smoking up to 15 cigarettes every day. (naturalnews.com)
  • 7/30/2014 - Most smokers eat junk food nearly every day of their smoking lives, because they know that the cigarettes are already destroying most of their "healthy living," so why bother to eat right, right? (naturalnews.com)
  • Then, in February, a study conducted by Sleiman and his colleagues revealed the potential health hazards of thirdhand smoke from cigarettes. (livescience.com)
  • Smoke from cigarettes and other tobacco products, gas stoves, and open fireplaces. (cdc.gov)
  • When it comes to HomeKit-enabled smoke and carbon monoxide detectors, there aren't many to choose from. (appleinsider.com)
  • Here's a quick list of some of the best HomeKit-enabled smoke and carbon monoxide detectors on the market right now. (appleinsider.com)
  • The cheaper detector still includes photoelectric smoke and electrochemical carbon monoxide detectors but lacks the omnidirectional speaker. (appleinsider.com)
  • Ionization and photoelectric are the two main designs of smoke detectors. (nachi.org)
  • Detectors may be equipped with one or both types of sensors -- known as dual-sensor smoke alarms -- and possibly a heat detector, as well. (nachi.org)
  • While heat detectors are not technically classified as smoke detectors, they are useful in certain situations where smoke alarms are likely to sound false alarms. (nachi.org)
  • Hard-wired smoke detectors are more reliable because the power source cannot be removed or drained, although they will not function in a power outage. (nachi.org)
  • Most of the smoke detectors installed in offices and malls and other establishments mostly look the same: round, with some slots, but mostly ominous looking. (geekalerts.com)
  • Smoke detectors are a vital first line of defense for you and your family. (allstate.com)
  • hile different smoke detectors may look similar, there are important features that vary among models. (allstate.com)
  • Data show that smoking cessation is often accompanied by weight gain and an improvement in insulin sensitivity over time. (nature.com)
  • Furthermore, post-cessation weight gain is reportedly the number one reason why smokers, especially women, fail to initiate smoking cessation or relapse after initiating smoking cessation. (nature.com)
  • In this Review, we discuss the metabolic effects of stopping smoking and highlight future considerations for smoking cessation programs and therapies to be designed with an emphasis on reducing post-cessation weight gain. (nature.com)
  • A new study involving almost 16,000 individuals from 16 cohorts, co-authored by researchers from the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), shows that cigarette smoking has a broad impact on genome-wide methylation many years after smoking cessation. (who.int)
  • It is a hardwired photoelectric smoke and electrochemical carbon monoxide detector with an omnidirectional speaker. (appleinsider.com)
  • Photoelectric smoke sensors use a light-sensitive photocell to detect smoke inside the detector. (nachi.org)
  • 11/21/2016 - New research has revealed the extent of the damage smoking causes to human DNA - in the lungs as well as other parts of the body. (naturalnews.com)
  • 7/23/2016 - While there is an abundance of information on the harmful, potentially deadly effects of cigarette smoking, millions of people in every country on the planet continue to keep up with their toxic habit. (naturalnews.com)
  • If you smoke , try to quit. (kidshealth.org)
  • Glucagon-like peptide-1 analogues: a new way to quit smoking? (nature.com)
  • Figure 4: Weight gain within the first year of attempting to quit smoking. (nature.com)
  • Why do people often put on weight after they quit smoking? (naturalnews.com)
  • 4/19/2014 - "We may have identified a new tool that can help people quit smoking," says Jeffrey P. Haibach, MPH, research author and graduate research assistant in the University at Buffalo Department of Community Health and Health Behavior. (naturalnews.com)
  • Quit Victoria executive director Fiona Sharkie called for a smoking ban in outdoor dining areas and further restrictions on lighting up in outside drinking venues, such as beer gardens. (theage.com.au)
  • The findings ("Early Exposure to Thirdhand Cigarette Smoke Affects Body Mass and the Development of Immunity in Mice") published in Scientific Reports, suggest that the dangers associated with smoking continue long after the cigarette is snuffed out. (genengnews.com)
  • 3/2/2015 - Sadly, we've all likely seen it: a person smoking in a parked vehicle, windows cracked only slightly, while their cigarette smoke swirls around the faces of passengers, some of whom may even be infants. (naturalnews.com)
  • While there are those who maintain that cigarette smoke primarily harms only the person choosing. (naturalnews.com)
  • Components in cigarette smoke that linger long after the cigarette has been extinguished can pose their own health risks, especially for asthma sufferers, according to a new study. (livescience.com)
  • Hot smoke usually burns only the mouth and throat rather than the lungs because smoke cools quickly. (msdmanuals.com)
  • However, an exception is steam, which carries much more heat energy than smoke and thus can also burn the airways in the lungs. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Hot smoking on the other hand is easy to do with pellet grills, electric smokers, and log burners. (popsci.com)
  • With smokers set around 160 degrees F, hot smoking doesn't take as long as cold smoking and produces a fantastic finished product. (popsci.com)
  • Electric smokers, pellet grills, and log burners all work for smoking fish. (popsci.com)
  • Because smoke sticks to people and their clothing, when smokers come back inside, they should wash their hands and change their clothing, especially before holding or hugging children. (kidshealth.org)
  • Smokers had significantly less positive family climate and well-being in school than the non-smoking youth. (bvsalud.org)
  • In addition to Benishangul, the regions of Afar, Gambella, Oromia, and Somali have been targeted for enforced tobacco regulation, which includes the designation and enforcement of smoke-free environments to protect the population from the harms of second-hand smoke. (who.int)
  • Therefore, these mutations "appear to be influenced by lifestyle and environment factors, such as tobacco smoking or passive exposure to second-hand smoke," the authors write. (medscape.com)
  • In the late seventies, there was widespread exposure to second-hand smoke in Egypt, leading to increased disability and premature death related to smoking. (who.int)
  • Older adults are more likely to be affected by smoke because they are more likely to have heart or lung diseases than younger people. (michigan.gov)
  • Children are more likely to be affected by health threats from smoke because their airways are still developing and because they breathe more air per pound of body weight than adults. (michigan.gov)
  • ABSTRACT We carried out a cross-sectional survey to study the prevalence and the characteristics of current and former smoking among Omani adults. (who.int)
  • Our most recent data shows that nearly one-third of adults - that's 6.5 million people - working indoors are exposed to tobacco smoke in the workplace, and a further 8.4 million are exposed at home. (who.int)
  • In this case, we found that thirdhand smoke appeared to inhibit weight gain in neonatal mice, but not in the young adults. (genengnews.com)
  • For example, neonatal mice exposed to thirdhand smoke had higher levels of eosinophils, female adults had higher levels of neutrophils, male adults had higher levels of basophils, and all mice had higher levels of B cells. (genengnews.com)
  • The more children are exposed to adults smoking around them the more they start to see smoking as a normalised behaviour,' he said. (theage.com.au)
  • Association of passive and active smoking with incident type 2 diabetes mellitus in the elderly population: the KORA S4/F4 cohort study. (nature.com)
  • Comprehensive smokefree laws are laws that prohibit smoking in all workplaces and public places, including restaurants and bars. (cdc.gov)
  • State or local laws may prohibit smoking on station platforms. (amtrak.com)
  • Furthermore, the Environmental Affairs Law 1994/4 prohibited smoking in public transportation and emphasized the responsibility of establishment managers to prohibit smoking in enclosed public areas, though with the requirement of designated smoking spaces. (who.int)
  • The smoke also blew north-northwest, turning skies orange in Portland and reducing air quality to "very unhealthy" levels. (nasa.gov)
  • The fire was not the largest or most destructive in July 2018, but the position of its smoke allowed for a clear look at the progression of the burn. (nasa.gov)
  • People who are deaf or hard of hearing are particularly vulnerable because they may not be able to hear the sound of a traditional smoke alarm. (redcross.org)
  • Choosing wood for smoking is largely based on personal preference, but most people who smoke fish agree that some woods are too "harsh" for the flavor of fish. (popsci.com)
  • But many claim the move is insufficient to address concerns following the mushrooming of cannabis shops and the sight of people selling and smoking weed on the street, he said. (bangkokpost.com)
  • Take all their smoke breaks outside, away from other people, especially kids and pregnant women. (kidshealth.org)
  • If someone smokes anywhere inside, other people are breathing in that smoke too. (kidshealth.org)
  • Never smoke in a car with other people. (kidshealth.org)
  • I don't smoke, but i think smoking is a bad habit because it can cause some dangerous diseases to them and also to ohter people around them whose can inhale the smoke of the cigarette from the smoker. (mail-archive.com)
  • I don't like people smoking during they are taking meal in the restaurant or in small shop because it's so disgusting the dust of cigarette spread every where, sometimes it can mixed with the food or drinks that it is selling in there expecial in the small shop. (mail-archive.com)
  • so i hate people are smoking and i think smoking also needs a prohibited by law from government. (mail-archive.com)
  • Additionally, the government has been raising intensive public awareness about tobacco use, the importance of protecting people from second-hand smoke exposure and promotion of quitting using regional radio and television programming in various local languages. (who.int)
  • Cancer Council Victoria chief executive Todd Harper said tobacco smoke was a health hazard particularly for people working in smokey environments. (theage.com.au)
  • The police told me that people were passing by [when he was smoking]. (rferl.org)
  • The policeman asked Murad if people in Turkey could smoke in a public. (rferl.org)
  • Smoke can suffocate people and sometimes also contains toxic chemicals produced by the burning substance. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Sometimes people inhale smoke without sustaining skin burns. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Sometimes a doctor's examination is all that is needed for people who have few or no symptoms and had only brief exposure to smoke. (msdmanuals.com)
  • People who have symptoms caused by inhaled smoke are given oxygen through a face mask. (msdmanuals.com)
  • Enforcement takes the form of education on the dangers of tobacco smoke, engagement of health workers, media and civil society to promote and advocate smoke-free environments, as well as surprise inspections and fines. (who.int)
  • The dangers of firsthand and secondhand tobacco smoke, which contain several thousand chemical toxins distributed as particles or gases, have been well documented. (livescience.com)
  • In this case, some of the smoke plumes reflected light from the full Moon. (nasa.gov)
  • The animation shows how winds can make smoke plumes vary daily in direction and distance from their source. (nasa.gov)
  • What is Thirdhand Smoke, and Why Is It a Concern? (medlineplus.gov)
  • Researchers Pin Wang (left) and Antoine Snijders investigate blood cells in the laboratory collected from mice exposed to thirdhand smoke. (genengnews.com)
  • Exposure to thirdhand smoke leads to biological effects on weight and cell development that could be damaging to one's health, according to new research led by investigators at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). (genengnews.com)
  • Moreover, newborn and adult mice exposed to thirdhand smoke led to persistent changes in blood cell counts associated with the immune system for both newborn and adult mice. (genengnews.com)
  • The blood cell count changes are associated with inflammatory and allergic reactions upon exposure to thirdhand smoke, the researchers said. (genengnews.com)
  • We suspected that the young are most vulnerable because of their immature immune systems, but we didn't have a lot of hard evidence to show that before," said study lead author Bo Hang, M.D., Ph.D., a Berkeley Lab staff scientist who previously found that thirdhand smoke could lead to genetic mutations in human cells. (genengnews.com)
  • While the harmful effects of active and secondhand smoking have been well-established by decades of extensive studies, research into thirdhand smoke is still in its nascent stages. (genengnews.com)
  • Subsequent studies led by Dr. Hang, Jian-Hua Mao, Ph.D., and Altaf Sarker, Ph.D., at Berkeley Lab found that thirdhand smoke led to genetic instability in human and mouse cell lines and in mouse models. (genengnews.com)
  • The new study goes further by characterizing the biological effects of exposure to thirdhand smoke, an environment created by placing 5-cm 2 pieces of smoke-contaminated cotton cloth in the cages with the mice. (genengnews.com)
  • Thirdhand smoke is an underappreciated risk factor in health," said study co-author Antoine Snijders, Ph.D. "It's clear that more and bigger studies are needed, particularly in humans, so we can support policy decisions on thirdhand smoke. (genengnews.com)
  • Thirdhand smoke " - the residue that can persist for months after a cigarette is put out - can react with pollutant ozone to form tiny, potentially harmful particles. (livescience.com)
  • However, given the high levels of nicotine measured indoors when smoking takes place regularly and the significant yield of ultrafine particles formation in our study, our findings suggest [a] new link between asthma and exposure to secondhand and thirdhand smoke. (livescience.com)
  • Notably, increased tobacco smoking was associated with a higher SGM burden, indicating that the more an individual is exposed to tobacco smoke, the more likely they are to acquire SGMs that disrupt gene function in tobacco-exposed cells. (medscape.com)
  • Several initiatives were implemented to enhance the enforcement of smoke-free provisions. (who.int)
  • Before, hotel workers were uncomfortable with customers smoking tobacco indoors," he says. (who.int)
  • Do not smoke, because smoking puts even more pollution into the air. (michigan.gov)
  • Taking a whiff: A cannabis shop with a big selection of strains and an indoor smoking room on Khao San Road in Phra Nakhon district. (bangkokpost.com)
  • After an initial visit, study participants smoke cannabis and then undergo a driving simulation. (newschannel5.com)
  • According to the WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic of 2019, compliance with smoke-free provisions is notably low, scoring 3 out of 10, particularly in governmental facilities, including healthcare and educational establishments. (who.int)
  • In 23% of home fire deaths, smoke alarms were present but did not sound. (nachi.org)
  • A notable amount of the smoke stems from the Carr Fire, which is burning in Shasta County near Redding, California. (nasa.gov)
  • The health consequences of smoking-50 years of progress: a report of the Surgeon General, 2014 [online] , (2014). (nature.com)
  • With Pink's help, Smoke may be able to reveal the true killer, but the closer they get to the truth, the more deadly their search becomes. (goodreads.com)
  • we do not permit smoking by anyone, whether local or foreign. (who.int)
  • If time and conditions permit, passengers may smoke on station platforms at longer stops only as announced by train crews. (amtrak.com)
  • Certain indoor private workplaces, shopping malls, airports and other public places still permit designated smoking areas. (who.int)
  • Additionally, the Labour Law 1981/137 prohibited smoking during work hours or in workplaces, outlining administrative penalties for violators. (who.int)
  • Collaborating with the Ministry of Health and Population, WHO and the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, the National Guidelines for Implementation of Smoke-Free Policies were developed, outlining the implementation procedures in workplaces, healthcare facilities and educational institutions. (who.int)
  • Released as a vapor by the burning of tobacco, nicotine is a strong and persistent adsorbent onto indoor surfaces that can be released back into the indoor air for a period of months after smoking has ceased. (livescience.com)
  • Smoke the turducken for four to five hours, or until the internal temperature reaches 165 degrees Fahrenheit. (ehow.com)
  • Cold smoking requires a consistent low temperature (65-85 degrees F) to cure fish over several days, and without a lot of experience or the right equipment, there's a bit of a learning curve. (popsci.com)
  • Inhaling small amounts of smoke usually causes no serious, lasting effects. (msdmanuals.com)
  • How Does Smoking Cause Cancer? (medscape.com)
  • An analysis of DNA from more than 12,000 tumor samples across 18 different cancer types showed how tobacco smoking truncates tumor suppressors, effectively deactivating them. (medscape.com)
  • Our study shows that tobacco smoking signatures in DNA generate these harmful protein-truncating mutations that contribute to the development of cancer and its increasing complexity over time," senior author Jüri Reimand, PhD, Ontario Institute for Cancer Research, Toronto, Canada, told Medscape Medical News . (medscape.com)
  • For example, tobacco-driven SGMs in lung cancer correlate with smoking history, meaning these mutations are potentially preventable. (medscape.com)
  • In The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), lung cancer samples included 10.5 tobacco smoking-associated SGMs per genome on average: 73% of cancers had at least one, and 39% had at least 10 of these protein-truncating mutations. (medscape.com)
  • Further analyses revealed that tobacco smoking seems to be the strongest driver of SGMs, not only in lung cancer and head and neck cancers, but also in esophageal cancers, all of which involve direct exposure to smoke. (medscape.com)
  • We have known for decades that smoking causes DNA mutations that in turn cause cancer. (medscape.com)
  • Smoking as a major risk factor for cervical cancer and pre-cancer: results from the EPIC cohort. (nature.com)
  • A recent Cancer Council Victoria survey indicated 70 per cent of the 4500 respondents supported a ban on smoking in outdoor dining areas. (theage.com.au)
  • Smoke is an aerosol (or mist) of solid particles and liquid droplets that are close to the ideal range of sizes for Mie scattering of visible light. (wikipedia.org)
  • They found that SGMs were strongly enriched in DNA signatures of tobacco smoking, APOBEC enzymes, and reactive oxygen species. (medscape.com)
  • The Smart Home Smoke Detector II can detect smoke and sound an alarm inside the home while also sending a push notification to smartphones. (appleinsider.com)
  • American Red Cross volunteer Paul Henke installs a traditional smoke alarm on the wall, which will activate Paige's specialized smoke alarm that sits on the night stand near her bed. (redcross.org)
  • It's activated when an accompanying traditional smoke alarm sounds. (redcross.org)
  • Red Cross services, such as smoke alarm installations, are free of charge thanks to generous partners. (redcross.org)
  • A smoke alarm, also known as a smoke detector, is a device that detects smoke and issues an audible sound and/or a visual signal to alert residents to a potential fire. (nachi.org)
  • When smoke enters the chamber, the current flow becomes interrupted, which triggers an alarm to sound. (nachi.org)
  • They shine a beam of light that will be reflected by smoke toward the photocell, triggering the alarm. (nachi.org)
  • Individual authorities having jurisdiction (AHJs) may have their own requirements for smoke-alarm placement, so inspectors and homeowners can check with their local building codes if they need specific instructions. (nachi.org)
  • If your smoke alarm isn't a dual model with a CO detector built in, you'll want to also purchase a CO alarm and install it in your home. (allstate.com)
  • Many smoke alarm models are now dual-sensor, meaning they use both technologies. (allstate.com)
  • The NFPA recommends placing a smoke alarm inside every bedroom, outside every sleeping area and on every level of your home, including the basement. (allstate.com)
  • There are special guidelines for a pitched roof and high ceilings, so check with your local building or fire department, the smoke alarm manufacturer or the NFPA for assistance. (allstate.com)
  • If you have a battery-powered smoke alarm, it may start chirping to alert you that the battery is running low. (allstate.com)
  • It's the only way you can know that your smoke alarm is working. (allstate.com)
  • But don't worry: this episode of Holy Smoke is devoted to more uplifting matters. (spectator.co.uk)
  • Thick smoke darkened skies over Lake Koocanusa in northern Montana. (nasa.gov)
  • Expect this smoke to thin steadily during the afternoon from Boston north/east but continue thick in southwest NewEng. (boston.com)
  • The smoke was so thick on Wednesday that the San Francisco Bay Bridge was barely visible from the coastlines along the bay and the San Francisco skyline was barely visible across the bay from the Port of Oakland, ABC San Francisco station KGO reported. (yahoo.com)
  • Most areas of burning land are not directly visible in satellite imagery, obscured from view by smoke and clouds. (nasa.gov)
  • If you choose to wear a dust mask for protection from smoke, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recommends that disposable particle masks labeled "N95" or "P1000" should be used. (michigan.gov)
  • When smoke levels are high, do not use anything that burns, such as candles, fireplaces, or gas stoves. (michigan.gov)
  • Artist Rob Tarbell mounts paper to the ceiling and then burns everyday objects like credit cards and photos to create his mesmerizing smoke art. (mymodernmet.com)
  • The smoke kills by a combination of thermal damage, poisoning and pulmonary irritation caused by carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide and other combustion products. (wikipedia.org)
  • Protecting your home is important, and a smart smoke and carbon monoxide detector can help give homeowners peace of mind even when they're away. (appleinsider.com)
  • The smoke and carbon monoxide detector's buzzer can reach 89 decibels from up to 3 meters away. (appleinsider.com)
  • The OneLink smoke and carbon monoxide detector will connect with other hardwired safety devices, including options from different brands. (appleinsider.com)
  • First Alert's OneLink smoke and carbon monoxide detector support HomeKit and iOS devices, but customers can also benefit from the device if they are using Android. (appleinsider.com)
  • The hardwired First Alert OneLink smoke and carbon monoxide detector is available from Amazon for $129.98 . (appleinsider.com)
  • Phosphorus and antimony oxides and their reaction products can be formed from some fire retardant additives, increasing smoke toxicity and corrosivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Benishangul is one of five regions recently identified by the Ethiopian Ministry of Health as having high prevalence of tobacco use, traditional tobacco smoking, access to illegal tobacco products, and khat chewing and alcohol consumption. (who.int)
  • If someone in your home smokes tobacco products, the smoke may be the greatest source of formaldehyde in your home. (cdc.gov)
  • Another study on smoking and mortality ing to the size of the population. (who.int)
  • Pedone, C. & Incalzi, R. A. Smoking and mortality - beyond established causes. (nature.com)
  • Establishment managers were made responsible for displaying visible no smoking signs, particularly at entrances, indicating the smoking prohibition and the legal consequences for violations. (who.int)
  • Will she discover the truth hidden in the secret underworld, or perish in its swirling, deadly smoke? (steampowered.com)
  • smoke with significant tar content is yellow to brown. (wikipedia.org)