Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
Dyssomnias associated with disruption of the normal 24 hour sleep wake cycle secondary to travel (e.g., JET LAG SYNDROME), shift work, or other causes.
A stage of sleep characterized by rapid movements of the eye and low voltage fast pattern EEG. It is usually associated with dreaming.
Movements or behaviors associated with sleep, sleep stages, or partial arousals from sleep that may impair sleep maintenance. Parasomnias are generally divided into four groups: arousal disorders, sleep-wake transition disorders, parasomnias of REM sleep, and nonspecific parasomnias. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p191)
A condition characterized by recurrent episodes of daytime somnolence and lapses in consciousness (microsomnias) that may be associated with automatic behaviors and AMNESIA. CATAPLEXY; SLEEP PARALYSIS, and hypnagogic HALLUCINATIONS frequently accompany narcolepsy. The pathophysiology of this disorder includes sleep-onset rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, which normally follows stage III or IV sleep. (From Neurology 1998 Feb;50(2 Suppl 1):S2-S7)
Disorders characterized by impairment of the ability to initiate or maintain sleep. This may occur as a primary disorder or in association with another medical or psychiatric condition.
Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.
A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)
Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
Excessive periodic leg movements during sleep that cause micro-arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. This condition induces a state of relative sleep deprivation which manifests as excessive daytime hypersomnolence. The movements are characterized by repetitive contractions of the tibialis anterior muscle, extension of the toe, and intermittent flexion of the hip, knee and ankle. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p387)
Disorders characterized by hypersomnolence during normal waking hours that may impair cognitive functioning. Subtypes include primary hypersomnia disorders (e.g., IDIOPATHIC HYPERSOMNOLENCE; NARCOLEPSY; and KLEINE-LEVIN SYNDROME) and secondary hypersomnia disorders where excessive somnolence can be attributed to a known cause (e.g., drug affect, MENTAL DISORDERS, and SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME). (From J Neurol Sci 1998 Jan 8;153(2):192-202; Thorpy, Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 2nd ed, p320)
A disorder characterized by aching or burning sensations in the lower and rarely the upper extremities that occur prior to sleep or may awaken the patient from sleep.
A state in which there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli.
A parasomnia characterized by a partial arousal that occurs during stage IV of non-REM sleep. Affected individuals exhibit semipurposeful behaviors such as ambulation and are difficult to fully awaken. Children are primarily affected, with a peak age range of 4-6 years.
Disruptions of the rhythmic cycle of bodily functions or activities.
A chronobiologic disorder resulting from rapid travel across a number of time zones, characterized by insomnia or hypersomnolence, fatigue, behavioral symptoms, headaches, and gastrointestinal disturbances. (From Cooper, Sleep, 1994, pp593-8)
Periods of sleep manifested by changes in EEG activity and certain behavioral correlates; includes Stage 1: sleep onset, drowsy sleep; Stage 2: light sleep; Stages 3 and 4: delta sleep, light sleep, deep sleep, telencephalic sleep.
A biogenic amine that is found in animals and plants. In mammals, melatonin is produced by the PINEAL GLAND. Its secretion increases in darkness and decreases during exposure to light. Melatonin is implicated in the regulation of SLEEP, mood, and REPRODUCTION. Melatonin is also an effective antioxidant.
The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.
A condition characterized by transient weakness or paralysis of somatic musculature triggered by an emotional stimulus or physical exertion. Cataplexy is frequently associated with NARCOLEPSY. During a cataplectic attack, there is a marked reduction in muscle tone similar to the normal physiologic hypotonia that accompanies rapid eye movement sleep (SLEEP, REM). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p396)
A disorder characterized by episodes of vigorous and often violent motor activity during REM sleep (SLEEP, REM). The affected individual may inflict self injury or harm others, and is difficult to awaken from this condition. Episodes are usually followed by a vivid recollection of a dream that is consistent with the aggressive behavior. This condition primarily affects adult males. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p393)
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of SLEEP WAKE DISORDERS and their causes.
A sleep disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth and forceful lateral or protrusive jaw movements. Sleep bruxism may be associated with TOOTH INJURIES; TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS; sleep disturbances; and other conditions.
A broad category of sleep disorders characterized by either hypersomnolence or insomnia. The three major subcategories include intrinsic (i.e., arising from within the body) (SLEEP DISORDERS, INTRINSIC), extrinsic (secondary to environmental conditions or various pathologic conditions), and disturbances of circadian rhythm. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.
A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.
Rough, noisy breathing during sleep, due to vibration of the uvula and soft palate.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
A psychological test consisting of nine geometric designs on cards. The subject is asked to redraw them from memory after each one is presented individually.
The measurement and recording of MOTOR ACTIVITY to assess rest/activity cycles.
Treatment of disease by exposure to light, especially by variously concentrated light rays or specific wavelengths.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
A sleep disorder of central nervous system origin characterized by prolonged nocturnal sleep and periods of daytime drowsiness. Affected individuals experience difficulty with awakening in the morning and may have associated sleep drunkenness, automatic behaviors, and memory disturbances. This condition differs from narcolepsy in that daytime sleep periods are longer, there is no association with CATAPLEXY, and the multiple sleep latency onset test does not record sleep-onset rapid eye movement sleep. (From Chokroverty, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, pp319-20; Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 1998 Apr:52(2):125-129)
Sleep disorders characterized by impaired arousal from the deeper stages of sleep (generally stage III or IV sleep).
A disorder characterized by incomplete arousals from sleep associated with behavior suggesting extreme fright. This condition primarily affects children and young adults and the individual generally has no recall of the event. Episodes tend to occur during stage III or IV. SOMNAMBULISM is frequently associated with this condition. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p391)
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.
Those disorders that have a disturbance in mood as their predominant feature.
Drugs used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Frequent URINATION at night that interrupts sleep. It is often associated with outflow obstruction, DIABETES MELLITUS, or bladder inflammation (CYSTITIS).
The state of being deprived of sleep under experimental conditions, due to life events, or from a wide variety of pathophysiologic causes such as medication effect, chronic illness, psychiatric illness, or sleep disorder.
Recording of the average amplitude of the resting potential arising between the cornea and the retina in light and dark adaptation as the eyes turn a standard distance to the right and the left. The increase in potential with light adaptation is used to evaluate the condition of the retinal pigment epithelium.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
A series of thoughts, images, or emotions occurring during sleep which are dissociated from the usual stream of consciousness of the waking state.
A common condition characterized by transient partial or total paralysis of skeletal muscles and areflexia that occurs upon awakening from sleep or less often while falling asleep. Stimuli such as touch or sound may terminate the episode, which usually has a duration of seconds to minutes. This condition may occur in normal subjects or be associated with NARCOLEPSY; CATAPLEXY; and hypnagogic HALLUCINATIONS. The pathophysiology of this condition is closely related to the normal hypotonia that occur during REM sleep. (From Adv Neurol 1995;67:245-271)
A rare condition characterized by recurrent hypersomnias associated with hyperphagia, occurring primarily in males in the second to third decade of life. Clinical features include mental confusion, excessive sleep requirements (approximately 18 hours per day), restlessness, and in some cases hallucinations. Episodes have a duration of days to weeks, and may recur several times per year. This condition may resolve spontaneously over several years. (From Adams, et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p569)
A disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth.
Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)
An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.
An abnormally disproportionate increase in the sensation of loudness in response to auditory stimuli of normal volume. COCHLEAR DISEASES; VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE DISEASES; FACIAL NERVE DISEASES; STAPES SURGERY; and other disorders may be associated with this condition.
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from:
Acquired or learned responses which are regularly manifested.
G-protein-coupled NEUROPEPTIDE RECEPTORS that have specificity for OREXINS and play a role in appetite control, and sleep-wake cycles. Two principle receptor types exist, each having a specificity for OREXIN A and OREXIN B peptide subtypes.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.
A barbiturate that is used as a sedative. Secobarbital is reported to have no anti-anxiety activity.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Peptides released by NEURONS as intercellular messengers. Many neuropeptides are also hormones released by non-neuronal cells.
A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)
Technique for measuring air pressure and the rate of airflow in the nasal cavity during respiration.
Hospital units in which care is provided the hemodialysis patient. This includes hemodialysis centers in hospitals.
Moving a retruded mandible forward to a normal position. It is commonly performed for malocclusion and retrognathia. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A serotonin uptake inhibitor that is used as an antidepressive agent. It has been shown to be effective in patients with major depressive disorders and other subsets of depressive disorders. It is generally more useful in depressive disorders associated with insomnia and anxiety. This drug does not aggravate psychotic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p309)
Cell surface receptors that bind specific neuropeptides with high affinity and trigger intracellular changes influencing the behavior of cells. Many neuropeptides are also hormones outside of the nervous system.
A histamine H1 receptor antagonist that is effective in the treatment of chronic urticaria, dermatitis, and histamine-mediated pruritus. Unlike its major metabolite CETIRIZINE, it does cause drowsiness. It is also effective as an antiemetic, for relief of anxiety and tension, and as a sedative.
The branch of psychology concerned with psychological methods of recognizing and treating behavior disorders.
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration.
Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Surgical removal of a tonsil or tonsils. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
A loosely defined group of drugs that tend to increase behavioral alertness, agitation, or excitation. They work by a variety of mechanisms, but usually not by direct excitation of neurons. The many drugs that have such actions as side effects to their main therapeutic use are not included here.
Involuntary discharge of URINE after expected age of completed development of urinary control. This can happen during the daytime (DIURNAL ENURESIS) while one is awake or during sleep (NOCTURNAL ENURESIS). Enuresis can be in children or in adults (as persistent primary enuresis and secondary adult-onset enuresis).
A progressive, degenerative neurologic disease characterized by a TREMOR that is maximal at rest, retropulsion (i.e. a tendency to fall backwards), rigidity, stooped posture, slowness of voluntary movements, and a masklike facial expression. Pathologic features include loss of melanin containing neurons in the substantia nigra and other pigmented nuclei of the brainstem. LEWY BODIES are present in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus but may also be found in a related condition (LEWY BODY DISEASE, DIFFUSE) characterized by dementia in combination with varying degrees of parkinsonism. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1059, pp1067-75)
A disorder beginning in childhood. It is marked by the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertoire of activity and interest. Manifestations of the disorder vary greatly depending on the developmental level and chronological age of the individual. (DSM-V)
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
An anxiety disorder characterized by recurrent, persistent obsessions or compulsions. Obsessions are the intrusive ideas, thoughts, or images that are experienced as senseless or repugnant. Compulsions are repetitive and seemingly purposeful behavior which the individual generally recognizes as senseless and from which the individual does not derive pleasure although it may provide a release from tension.
Bicyclic bridged compounds that contain a nitrogen which has three bonds. The nomenclature indicates the number of atoms in each path around the rings, such as [2.2.2] for three equal length paths. Some members are TROPANES and BETA LACTAMS.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Severe distortions in the development of many basic psychological functions that are not normal for any stage in development. These distortions are manifested in sustained social impairment, speech abnormalities, and peculiar motor movements.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Anxiety disorders in which the essential feature is persistent and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that the individual feels compelled to avoid. The individual recognizes the fear as excessive or unreasonable.
Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
The effect of environmental or physiological factors on the driver and driving ability. Included are driving fatigue, and the effect of drugs, disease, and physical disabilities on driving.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Physiological or psychological effects of periods of work which may be fixed or flexible such as flexitime, work shifts, and rotating shifts.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Biological mechanism that controls CIRCADIAN RHYTHM. Circadian clocks exist in the simplest form in cyanobacteria and as more complex systems in fungi, plants, and animals. In humans the system includes photoresponsive RETINAL GANGLION CELLS and the SUPRACHIASMATIC NUCLEUS that acts as the central oscillator.
A melatonin receptor subtype primarily found expressed in the BRAIN and RETINA.
Brain waves seen on EEG characterized by a high amplitude and a frequency of 4 Hz and below. They are considered the "deep sleep waves" observed during sleep in dreamless states, infancy, and in some brain disorders.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
The symptom of PAIN in the cranial region. It may be an isolated benign occurrence or manifestation of a wide variety of HEADACHE DISORDERS.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
A repetitive and persistent pattern of behavior in which the basic rights of others or major age-appropriate societal norms or rules are violated. These behaviors include aggressive conduct that causes or threatens physical harm to other people or animals, nonaggressive conduct that causes property loss or damage, deceitfulness or theft, and serious violations of rules. The onset is before age 18. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Compounds which contain the methyl radical substituted with two benzene rings. Permitted are any substituents, but ring fusion to any of the benzene rings is not allowed.
A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
A group of two-ring heterocyclic compounds consisting of a benzene ring fused to a diazepine ring.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
A transient absence of spontaneous respiration.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Agents that alleviate ANXIETY, tension, and ANXIETY DISORDERS, promote sedation, and have a calming effect without affecting clarity of consciousness or neurologic conditions. ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS are commonly used in the symptomatic treatment of anxiety but are not included here.
A subspecialty of internal medicine concerned with the study of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM. It is especially concerned with diagnosis and treatment of diseases and defects of the lungs and bronchial tree.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Disorders characterized by recurrent TICS that may interfere with speech and other activities. Tics are sudden, rapid, nonrhythmic, stereotyped motor movements or vocalizations which may be exacerbated by stress and are generally attenuated during absorbing activities. Tic disorders are distinguished from conditions which feature other types of abnormal movements that may accompany another another condition. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
The physiological mechanisms that govern the rhythmic occurrence of certain biochemical, physiological, and behavioral phenomena.
The use of electronic equipment to observe or record physiologic processes while the patient undergoes normal daily activities.
Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.
Transmembrane proteins that form the beta subunits of the HLA-DQ antigens.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Proteins and peptides that are involved in SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION within the cell. Included here are peptides and proteins that regulate the activity of TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS and cellular processes in response to signals from CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS. Intracellular signaling peptide and proteins may be part of an enzymatic signaling cascade or act through binding to and modifying the action of other signaling factors.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A nonspecific symptom of hearing disorder characterized by the sensation of buzzing, ringing, clicking, pulsations, and other noises in the ear. Objective tinnitus refers to noises generated from within the ear or adjacent structures that can be heard by other individuals. The term subjective tinnitus is used when the sound is audible only to the affected individual. Tinnitus may occur as a manifestation of COCHLEAR DISEASES; VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE DISEASES; INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION; CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA; and other conditions.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
An ovoid densely packed collection of small cells of the anterior hypothalamus lying close to the midline in a shallow impression of the OPTIC CHIASM.
A family of G-protein-coupled receptors that are specific for and mediate the effects of MELATONIN. Activation of melatonin receptors has been associated with decreased intracellular CYCLIC AMP and increased hydrolysis of PHOSPHOINOSITIDES.
A personality disorder marked by a pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts. (DSM-IV)
Disorders having the presence of physical symptoms that suggest a general medical condition but that are not fully explained by a another medical condition, by the direct effects of a substance, or by another mental disorder. The symptoms must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other areas of functioning. In contrast to FACTITIOUS DISORDERS and MALINGERING, the physical symptoms are not under voluntary control. (APA, DSM-V)
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
A disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of paroxysmal brain dysfunction due to a sudden, disorderly, and excessive neuronal discharge. Epilepsy classification systems are generally based upon: (1) clinical features of the seizure episodes (e.g., motor seizure), (2) etiology (e.g., post-traumatic), (3) anatomic site of seizure origin (e.g., frontal lobe seizure), (4) tendency to spread to other structures in the brain, and (5) temporal patterns (e.g., nocturnal epilepsy). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p313)
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The time period of daily exposure that an organism receives from daylight or artificial light. It is believed that photoperiodic responses may affect the control of energy balance and thermoregulation.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Disorders characterized by proliferation of lymphoid tissue, general or unspecified.
Syndromes which feature DYSKINESIAS as a cardinal manifestation of the disease process. Included in this category are degenerative, hereditary, post-infectious, medication-induced, post-inflammatory, and post-traumatic conditions.
Acute and chronic (see also BRAIN INJURIES, CHRONIC) injuries to the brain, including the cerebral hemispheres, CEREBELLUM, and BRAIN STEM. Clinical manifestations depend on the nature of injury. Diffuse trauma to the brain is frequently associated with DIFFUSE AXONAL INJURY or COMA, POST-TRAUMATIC. Localized injuries may be associated with NEUROBEHAVIORAL MANIFESTATIONS; HEMIPARESIS, or other focal neurologic deficits.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Neurotic reactions to unusual, severe, or overwhelming military stress.
Disorders related to or resulting from abuse or mis-use of alcohol.
Includes two similar disorders: oppositional defiant disorder and CONDUCT DISORDERS. Symptoms occurring in children with these disorders include: defiance of authority figures, angry outbursts, and other antisocial behaviors.
Therapy for the insufficient cleansing of the BLOOD by the kidneys based on dialysis and including hemodialysis, PERITONEAL DIALYSIS, and HEMODIAFILTRATION.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Acquired or developmental conditions marked by an impaired ability to comprehend or generate spoken forms of language.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.

Intensive care management of stroke patients. (1/1847)

Two hundred eighty patients were admitted to an intensive care stroke unit over a one-year period. Subsequent investigation indicated that only 199 of these patients actually had cerebral ischemic or hemorrhagic lesions, 10 had other cerebrovascular lesions, and the remaining 71 patients had unrelated diseases, predominantly seizures. Detailed analysis of 103 stroke patients revealed an overall incidence of 59% hypertension, and 72% had hypertensive, ischemic or valvular heart disease. Fifty percent of the patients had various cardiac arrhythmias, some of which were responsible for the acute cerebrovascular lesion. Fourteen patients died during the acute phase, 11 from apparently irreversible cerebral selling, mainly due to cerebral hemorrhage. Secondary complications such as pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, pressure sores and urinary infection were almost nonexistent, but beneficial effects on the primary cerebral lesions were more difficult to demonstrate.  (+info)

Recognizing problem sleepiness in your patients. National Center on Sleep Disorders Research Working Group. (2/1847)

Normal sleep is required for optimal functioning. Normal wakefulness should be effortless and free of unintended sleep episodes. Problem sleepiness is common and occurs when the quantity of sleep is inadequate because of primary sleep disorders, other medical conditions or lifestyle factors. Medications and substances that disturb sleep, such as caffeine and nicotine, or those that have sedating side effects, may also cause problem sleepiness. This condition can lead to impairment in attention, performance problems at work and school, and potentially dangerous situations when the patient is driving or undertaking other safety-sensitive tasks. However, problem sleepiness is generally correctable when it is recognized. Asking a patient and his or her bed partner about the likelihood of drowsiness or of falling asleep during specific activities, as well as questions that uncover factors contributing to the sleepiness, helps the physician to recognize the disorder. Accurate diagnosis of specific sleep disorders may require evaluation by a specialist. The primary care physician is in an ideal position to identify signs and symptoms of problem sleepiness and initiate appropriate care of the patient, including educating the patient about the dangers of functioning while impaired by sleepiness.  (+info)

Health needs of preschool children. (3/1847)

An epidemiological study of disease in a geographically identified population of 250 children is reported. 22% had not seen their general practitioner (GP) at all in the past year, while 20% had seen him four times or more. The vast majority of these visits were because of an infective illness; and developmental and behavioural problems were rarely presented to GPs. 53% of children had not been to hospital since birth, but 11% had been at least four times. Respiratory infections and middle ear disease were the commonest illness reported, and nearly 3% had an infected or discharging ear at the time of examination. 15% of 3 year olds had speech and language problems. 18% of children over 2 years were thought by the examiners to have a behavioural problem, half being assessed as mild, the remainder as moderate or severe.  (+info)

Quality of life four years after acute myocardial infarction: short form 36 scores compared with a normal population. (4/1847)

OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of myocardial infarction on quality of life in four year survivors compared to data from "community norms", and to determine factors associated with a poor quality of life. DESIGN: Cohort study based on the Nottingham heart attack register. SETTING: Two district general hospitals serving a defined urban/rural population. SUBJECTS: All patients admitted with acute myocardial infarction during 1992 and alive at a median of four years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Short form 36 (SF 36) domain and overall scores. RESULTS: Of 900 patients with an acute myocardial infarction in 1992, there were 476 patients alive and capable of responding to a questionnaire in 1997. The response rate was 424 (89. 1%). Compared to age and sex adjusted normative data, patients aged under 65 years exhibited impairment in all eight domains, the largest differences being in physical functioning (mean difference 20 points), role physical (mean difference 23 points), and general health (mean difference 19 points). In patients over 65 years mean domain scores were similar to community norms. Multiple regression analysis revealed that impaired quality of life was closely associated with inability to return to work through ill health, a need for coronary revascularisation, the use of anxiolytics, hypnotics or inhalers, the need for two or more angina drugs, a frequency of chest pain one or more times per week, and a Rose dyspnoea score of >/= 2. CONCLUSIONS: The SF 36 provides valuable additional information for the practising clinician. Compared to community norms the greatest impact on quality of life is seen in patients of working age. Impaired quality of life was reported by patients unfit for work, those with angina and dyspnoea, patients with coexistent lung disease, and those with anxiety and sleep disturbances. Improving quality of life after myocardial infarction remains a challenge for physicians.  (+info)

A 50-Hz electromagnetic field impairs sleep. (5/1847)

In view of reports of health problems induced by low frequency (50-60 Hz) electromagnetic fields (EMF), we carried out a study in 18 healthy subjects, comparing sleep with and without exposure to a 50 Hz/1 mu Tesla electrical field. We found that the EMF condition was associated with reduced: total sleep time (TST), sleep efficiency, stages 3 + 4 slow wave sleep (SWS), and slow wave activity (SWA). Circulating melatonin, growth hormone, prolactin, testosterone or cortisol were not affected. The results suggest that commonly occurring low frequency electromagnetic fields may interfere with sleep.  (+info)

Influence of clinical and demographic variables on quality of life in patients with Parkinson's disease. (6/1847)

OBJECTIVES: To identify the clinical and demographic factors that are associated with a poor quality of life in patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS: 233 of a total of 245 patients identified in a community based study in a Norwegian county participated in the study. Quality of life was measured by the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP). The results were compared with those in 100 healthy elderly people. Clinical and demographic variables were determined during a semistructured interview and by clinical examination by a neurologist. Multiple regression analyses were used to determine which variables were associated with higher distress scores. RESULTS: Patients with Parkinson's disease had higher distress scores than the healthy elderly people for all the NHP dimensions. The variables that most strongly predicted a high total NHP score were depressive symptoms, self reported insomnia, and a low degree of independence, measured by the Schwab and England scale. Severity of parkinsonism contributed, but to a lesser extent. Nearly half the patients with Parkinson's disease reported lack of energy, compared with a fifth of the control group. Severity of depressive symptoms and a higher score on the UPDRS motor subscale only partly accounted for this finding. Only 30% of the variation in NHP energy score was explained by the predictive variables identified in this study. CONCLUSIONS: Parkinson's disease has a substantial impact on health related quality of life. Depressive symptoms and sleep disorders correlated strongly with high distress scores. Patients with Parkinson's disease should be examined for both conditions, which require treatment. Low energy was commonly reported and may be a separate entity of Parkinson's disease.  (+info)

Clinical services for sleep disorders. (7/1847)

Children's sleep disorders are common and often harmful to development and well being. The clinical services available to affected children and their families need to be improved. At present, professional interest and expertise in sleep disorders medicine is severely limited by the paucity of appropriate teaching and training. The work of a mainly tertiary sleep disorders clinic was reviewed, which showed that accurate diagnosis of a wide range of sleep disorders is possible, and that treatment needs can be specified. Although families appreciated such assessment, the outcome was unsatisfactory in many cases, often because treatment recommendations were not implemented by referrers. Reasons for this appear to include poor communication between referrers and families, and unavailability of treatment resources. A three tier system of service provision is proposed to improve this situation, which rests essentially on better professional training in the sleep disorders field.  (+info)

Sleep problems in the elderly. (8/1847)

Refreshing sleep requires both sufficient total sleep time as well as sleep that is in synchrony with the individual's circadian rhythm. Problems with sleep organization in elderly patients typically include difficulty falling asleep, less time spent in the deeper stages of sleep, early-morning awakening and less total sleep time. Poor sleep habits such as irregular sleep-wake times and daytime napping may contribute to insomnia. Caffeine, alcohol and some medications can also interfere with sleep. Primary sleep disorders are more common in the elderly than in younger persons. Restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movement disorder can disrupt sleep and may respond to low doses of antiparkinsonian agents as well as other drugs. Sleep apnea can lead to excessive daytime sleepiness. Evaluation of sleep problems in the elderly includes careful screening for poor sleep habits and other factors that may be contributing to the sleep problem. Formal sleep studies may be needed when a primary sleep disorder is suspected or marked daytime dysfunction is noted. Therapy with a benzodiazepine receptor agonist may be indicated after careful evaluation.  (+info)

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BACKGROUND: Poor sleep quality (SQ) and daytime sleepiness (DS) are common in renal transplant (RTx) recipients; however, related data are rare. This study describes the prevalence and frequency of self-reported sleep disturbances in RTx recipients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 249 RTx recipients transplanted at three Swiss transplant centers. All had reported poor SQ and / or DS in a previous study. With the Survey of Sleep (SOS) self-report questionnaire, we screened for sleep and health habits, sleep history, main sleep problems and sleep-related disturbances. To determine a basis for preliminary sleep diagnoses according to the International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD), 164 subjects were interviewed (48 in person, 116 via telephone and 85 refused). Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data and to determine the frequencies and prevalences of specific sleep disorders. RESULTS: The sample had a mean age of 59.1 ± 11.6 years (60.2% male); mean time since ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Factor analysis of the pittsburgh sleep quality index in breast cancer survivors. AU - Otte, Julie L.. AU - Rand, Kevin L.. AU - Carpenter, Janet S.. AU - Russell, Kathleen M.. AU - Champion, Victoria L.. PY - 2013/3/1. Y1 - 2013/3/1. N2 - Context: Sleep is a significant problem in breast cancer survivors (BCS) and measured frequently using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Thus, it is important to evaluate its factor structure. The two-process model of sleep regulation was the theoretical framework for this study. Objectives: To perform a confirmatory factor analysis of the PSQI in BCS and compare results between African-American and Caucasian BCS. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of cross-sectional data using local and regional health care facilities and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group referrals. The study included 1174 nondepressed BCS (90% Caucasian), with a mean age of 57 years and median PSQI global scores at the cutoff for poor sleep (median = 6.00, ...
Sleep disorders are a risk factor for developing a variety of mental disorders, have a negative impact on their remission rates and increase the risk of relapse. Early identification and treatment of sleep disorders is therefore of paramount importance. Unfortunately, in mental health care sleep disorders are often poorly recognized and specific treatment frequently occurs late or not at all. This protocol-paper presents a randomized controlled trial investigating the clinical relevance of early detection and treatment of sleep disorders in mental health care. The two aims of this project are 1) to determine the prevalence of sleep disorders in different mental disorders, and 2) to investigate the contribution of early identification and adequate treatment of sleep disorders in individuals with mental disorders to their sleep, mental disorder symptoms, general functioning, and quality of life. Patients newly referred to a Dutch mental health institute for psychiatric treatment will be screened for sleep
sleep disorder centers des moines ia sleep apnea aids central apnea sleep disorders in adults dr. maas sleep disorders stop snoring hypnosis sleep disorder child sleep disorder questionnaire sleep disorders uk ways to stop snoring Sleep disorders can be effectively treated or managed once correctly diagnosed . Using Research and...
In the United States as many as forty million people suffer from chronic long term sleep disorders while as many as twenty million have occasional sleep disorders. Good health requires sleep, even though this phenomenon is not completely understood by scientists and medical professionals yet. Sleeps disorders have three major types and one of them is insomnia sleep disorder.. Insomnia is a very common sleep problem that is experienced by millions on occasion and it means a person is not able to fall asleep. A person with insomnia will have a disruption of normal daily life and they will often feel tired most of the time and end up worrying about their lack of sleep. Insomnia sleep disorder can be caused by a number of factors including excessive intake of caffeine or alcohol, emotional difficulties, stress and other underlying diseases. Lack of sleep isnt a disorder in itself, but it is an indication of inadequate sleep and can harm the immune system.. There are three categories of insomnia ...
Sleep research and sleep medicine have grown rapidly over the last thirty years, partly as a result of the discovery that REM (rapid eye movement) sleep coincided with dreaming and partly because of the discovery of sleep apnea (breathing stopping during sleep). Countries vary in how they deal with sleep disorders; in the U.S. sleep medicine is recognised as a field and it is looked after by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute; other medical specialities e.g. neurology, pulmonology, psychiatry, may be influential in other countries. The sleep disorders category is broadly divided into sub-categories that deal with the specific sleep disorders as well as the institutions that regulate, diagnose and treat these disorders. Sleep is affected by the brains biological clock and so is included in this category. Shift-work sleep disorder and jet-lag are well-known problems that reflect the activity of the biological clock. This category consists of some of the major omnibus sites (SleepNet,
Do YOU Have A Sleep Disorder? is one of the many Sleep Disorders tips at LifeTips. Find related Sleep Disorders advice in the Common Sleep Disorders category.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Sleep disorders and secondhand smoke exposure in the U.S. population. AU - Davila, Evelyn P.. AU - Lee, David J. AU - Fleming, Lora E.. AU - LeBlanc, William G.. AU - Arheart, Kristopher. AU - Dietz, Noella. AU - Lewis, John E. AU - McCollister, Kathryn. AU - Caban-Martinez, Alberto J. AU - Bandiera, Frank. PY - 2010/2/4. Y1 - 2010/2/4. N2 - Introduction: Sleep disorders in the United States are pervasive and have been linked to increased risk of injury, morbidity, and mortality. Smoking is a known risk factor for sleep disorders; the association between secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure and sleep disorders is less clear. We sought to examine the relationship between SHS exposure and sleep disorders among a representative sample of U.S. adults (n = 4,123). Methods: Data were from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Multivariable logistic regression models examined the association between both smoking and SHS exposure with two measures of sleep disorder ...
14% and 21% decrease in their respective global PSQI scores. The proportion of Virta patients characterized as poor sleepers decreased by 12% and 29% in the type 2 diabetes and prediabetes groups, respectively. Patients who continued their usual care had no significant changes in self-reported sleep.. Sleep has a substantial impact on the overall health of people with type 2 diabetes, said Dr. Christa Van Dort, Assistant Professor of Anesthesia at Harvard Medical School, the studys senior author. With that in mind, it is promising that the Virta Treatment improved patients subjective sleep as indicated by significantly lower global PSQI scores in addition to improving their diabetes.. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has declared insufficient sleep a public health epidemic. T2D and obesity are frequently associated with poor sleep quality as well as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and improvement in sleep is associated with increased insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance ...
Theravive - Therapy News And Blogging - Sleep disturbances are common in the United States population. Harvard Health Publications (2009), estimate that sleep problems are prevalent in at least 50% of patients receiving psychiatric treatment. This can be compared to the general population in which about 10% report sleep problems. What is not entirely clear is whether or not sleep disturbance is a symptom or a risk factor for mental health presentations.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Sleep disturbance is associated with cardiovascular and metabolic disorders. AU - Grandner, Michael A.. AU - Jackson, Nicholas J.. AU - Pak, Victoria M.. AU - Gehrman, Philip R.. PY - 2012/8/1. Y1 - 2012/8/1. N2 - Existing research has demonstrated associations between sleep duration and obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and mortality. Sleep disorders research has shown that sleep apnoea, insomnia and other sleep disorders confer risk for cardiometabolic disease, particularly in the presence of reduced sleep duration. The aim of the present study was to examine the associations between general sleep disturbance, operationalized as difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or sleeping too much as measured in a large, nationally representative sample, and self-reported history of myocardial infarction, stroke, coronary artery disease, diabetes and obesity. Data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System were analysed. Complete data were available for 138201 ...
Many of us toss and turn or watch the clock when we cant sleep for a night or two. But for some, a restless night is routine.. More than 40 million Americans suffer from chronic, long-term sleep disorders, and an additional 20 million report sleeping problems occasionally, according to the National Institutes of Health.. Stress and anxiety may cause sleeping problems or make existing problems worse. And having an anxiety disorder exacerbates the problem.. Sleep disorders are characterized by abnormal sleep patterns that interfere with physical, mental, and emotional functioning. Stress or anxiety can cause a serious night without sleep, as do a variety of other problems.. Insomnia is the clinical term for people who have trouble falling asleep, difficulty staying asleep, waking too early in the morning, or waking up feeling unrefreshed.. Other common sleep disorders include sleep apnea (loud snoring caused by an obstructed airway), sleepwalking, and narcolepsy (falling asleep spontaneously). ...
Aim This study examined sleep difficulties, pain and stress among women undergoing surgery for colorectal cancer(CC).. Methods Perceived distress was assessed with Perceived Stress Scale (PSS). Sleep quailty was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Pain severity and interference were assessed using the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI), while frequency of cancer-associated pain was assessed with a single item from the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Colorectal Cancer (FACT-CC) scale Participants were assessed immediately prior to surgery and then 4-6 weeks following surgery.. Results Participants were 68 women who completed at least the PSQI at presurgery, 36 to 85 tears old ( M = 61.12, SD = 9.18). Clinically significant sleep disturbance was evident was evident in 48% of participants prior to surgery, 57% showed clinically significant sleep disturbance was associated with greater stress (p < 0.01), cancer pain frequency (p < 0.01) and pain interference (p < 0.01). ...
Methods Case control study including 47 patients diagnosed with JIA. The diagnosis of JIA was made according to the criteria of the International League of Association of Rheumatology (ILAR), and 47 healthy children, age and sex matched. Sleep was assessed by questionnaire CSHQ (childrens sleep habits questionnaire). All parents have filled the 45 items of the CSHQ, grouped into eight subscales: (1) bedtime resistance, (2) sleep onset delay, (3) sleep duration, (4) sleep anxiety, (5) sleep-disordered breathing, (6) night Wakings, (7) parasomnias, (8) morning wakening/daytime sleepiness. The disease activity was assessed by the number of painful joints, swelling, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and c-protein reactive. Functional assessment was based on the value of CHAQ Arabic validated. Pain was assessed by visual analog scale pain (VAS).. ...
Downloadable (with restrictions)! Concerns regarding sleep disorders in Hmong immigrants in the US emerged when an astonishingly high mortality rate of Sudden Unexplained Nocturnal Death Syndrome (SUNDS) was documented in Hmong men. Stress, genetics, and cardiac abnormalities interacting with disordered sleep were hypothesized as contributing factors to SUNDS. Most recently, sleep apnea has been implicated in nighttime deaths of Brugada Syndrome. This syndrome is thought to comprise a spectrum of sudden cardiac death disorders, including SUNDS. However, little research since has placed SUNDS in its context of Hmong cultural beliefs, health, or the prevalence of other sleep disorders. Because the epidemiology of sleep disorders and terrifying nighttime experiences in Hmong is poorly documented, we investigated the prevalence and correlates of sleep apnea, rapid eye movement (REM) sleep stage related disorders, and insomnia in 3 population-based samples (collected from 1996 to 2001) comprising 747 Hmong
Preterm birth refers to the birth of a baby of less than 37 weeks gestational age. According to background information from the study, preterm birth is the leading cause of infant morbidity due to increased respiratory disease, neonatal infections, neurodevelopmental impairments and infant mortality. It is a major public health priority and the most common adverse pregnancy outcome. The rate of preterm births in the United States has increased from nine to 12 per cent in the last 25 years. Sleep disturbances are a common complaint in pregnancy and can result from a variety of physiological, hormonal and metabolic changes. The study participants included 166 pregnant women who were non-smokers and free of medications or conditions that might affect the study results. Self-reported questionnaires - including the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), an 18-item questionnaire used to measure sleep quality over the previous month - were administered at 14 to 16, 24 to 26, and 30 to 32 weeks ...
Sustained impact of a sleep intervention and moderators of treatment outcome for children with ADHD: a randomised controlled trial. Sciberras E, Mulraney M, Mensah F, Oberklaid F, Efron D, Hiscock H. Psychol Med. 2019 Jan 18:1-10. doi: 10.1017/S0033291718004063.. Guest Commentary by Dr. Margaret Weiss: A two-session intervention is effective in improving sleep hygiene.. ABSTRACT. BACKGROUND: We aim to (1) determine whether a behavioural sleep intervention for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) leads to sustained benefits; and (2) examine the factors associated with treatment response.. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled trial of 244 children (5-13 years) with ADHD from Victoria, Australia. All participants had a moderate/severe sleep problem that met American Academy of Sleep Medicine criteria for an eligible sleep disorder by parent report. The two-session intervention covered sleep hygiene and standardized behavioural strategies. The control group ...
Hormonal factors, pain syndromes, and psychological issues, most particularly depression, are common concerns when addressing sleep dysfunction in women. Poor sleep quality and inadequate sleep affect many of the measures of quality of life.
This small exploratory study supports previous findings that self-reported sleep disturbance predicted exacerbation of next-day symptoms in women with IBS and extends this relationship using an objective sleep measure, the study concluded, which was led by Diana Taibi Buchanan, Ph.D. The study adds further evidence that sleep quality predicts subsequent IBS symptoms, but not the converse. The findings from this small study support the importance of additional longitudinal research to further understand the relationships between sleep and IBS ...
There are more than 80 classified sleep problems. Learn about the primary sleep disorders, and how secondary sleep disorders are different.
Sleep Disorders, Read about Sleep Disorders symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment. Also read Sleep Disorders articles about how to live with Sleep Disorders, and more.
Sleep Disorders, Read about Sleep Disorders symptoms, causes, diagnosis, and treatment. Also read Sleep Disorders articles about how to live with Sleep Disorders, and more.
National Sleep Solutions is an Accredited Sleep Disorder Center that can diagnose and treat pediatric sleep disorders.Call 1-888-884-9493.
Developing new scientists in sleep, circadian biology, and sleep disorders research is a major undertaking. The Center administers sleep and circadian research training and career development programs serving institutions and postdoctoral individuals nationwide.. As part of its efforts to ensure that research advances are utilized by health care providers, the Center has supported the development of medical school sleep disorder curricula and durable educational materials. A Sleep Academic Award (SAA) program - which was conducted in three concurrent cycles from 1996 to 2002 - improved the quality of medical school education on sleep disorders at 20 sites nationwide. A subsequent funding opportunity is supporting research to develop sleep education programs for patients and caregivers.. View the full listing of projects on NIH RePORTER funded through the SAA program. ...
Sleep problems are associated with increased risk of physical and mental illness. Identifying risk factors is an important method of reducing public health impact. We examined the association between maternal postnatal depression (PND) and offspring adolescent sleep problems.The sample was derived from Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) participants. A sample with complete data across all variables was used, with four outcome variables. A sensitivity analysis imputing for missing data was conducted (n = 9633).PND was associated with increased risk of sleep problems in offspring at ages 16 and 18 years. The most robust effects were sleep problems at 18 years [adjusted odds ratio (OR) for a 1 s.d. increase in PND, 1.26, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.15-1.39, p | 0.001] and waking more often (adjusted OR 1.14, 95% CI 1.05-1.25, p = 0.003). This remained after controlling for confounding variables including antenatal depression and early sleep problems in infancy.PND is associated
Brief disturbances during sleep like those seen in sleep apnea patients may interfere with our ability to consolidate memories, a new study says.
Most people understand the important restorative value of sleep. However, the detrimental effects of sleep disorders are not as plainly understood and discussed.. Sleep disturbance is found in as many as 40% of individuals who have sustained a brain injury. Common sleep disorders include sleep apnea, difficulty falling asleep, difficulty staying asleep, difficulty awaking, and difficulty in achieving beneficial cycling between the various stages of sleep. This post will discuss a few key sleep disorders, the ramifications of sleep disorders, and proper and improper solutions.. Sleep Apnea. Snoring is the most obvious indication of sleep apnea, however snoring is not conclusive of sleep apnea. In fact, the only way to determine the presence of sleep apnea is through polysomnography (a sleep study). While there are devices that offer detection via headbands and other mechanisms, our research has shown that these devices are quite inaccurate and miss the majority of individuals with sleep ...
The Sleep Disorders Clinic at Childrens Hospital & Medical Center can provide diagnosis, management and treatment of your childs sleep problems so he or she can get the vital sleep he or she needs for normal growth and development. The Sleep Disorders Clinic is staffed by the pediatric pulmonologists at Childrens.
snoring male treatment snoring mouthpiece tongue sleep apnea cure my snoring solution review problems childrens sleep disorders snore doctor apnea cure snoring causes risks childrens sleep disorders snoring pillow fda approved Sleep disorders in children can be worrisome and often even elusive of detection . Stanford Sleep and Dreams shines...
Spotting and Diagnosing Child Sleep Apnea is one of the many Sleep Disorders tips at LifeTips. Find related Sleep Disorders advice in the Sleep Apnea category.
The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between sleep disorders and the behavior of subjects with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and control subjects using specific questionnaires. A small percentage (1.8%) of the control subjects had symptoms indicative of sleep-breathing disorders (SBD) and nocturnal sweating. Fifty-nine percent of the subjects with ASD had symptoms indicative of at least one sleep disorder, with SBD the most commonly reported (38%). In the control group, the symptoms of SBD were correlated with social, thought, attentional, aggression, externalizing and behavioral problems. In the ASD group, disorders of arousal (DA) were correlated with thinking problems, and disorders of excessive somnolence were correlated with thinking and behavioral problems. These results suggest that children and adolescents with ASD have a high frequency of sleep disorders, which in turn correlate with some of the behavioral traits that they already exhibit. Furthermore, sleep ...
You may have some symptoms of a sleep disorder. In this guide, we explain the most common sleep disorders and speak to a certified sleep coach for advice.
Sleep dysfunction is one of the primary symptoms reported by patients with psychiatric disorders, and specifically those suffering from anxiety and depressive disorders. Conversely, primary insomnia and other sleep disorders produce symptoms of mood disturbance that are quite similar to those reported by patients with psychiatric disorders.
Table of Content:. Market Overview: The report begins with this section where product overview and highlights of product and application segments of the Global Sleep Disorder Market are provided. Highlights of the segmentation study include price, revenue, sales, sales growth rate, and market share by product.. Competition by Company: Here, the competition in the Worldwide Global Sleep Disorder Market is analyzed, By price, revenue, sales, and market share by company, market rate, competitive situations Landscape, and latest trends, merger, expansion, acquisition, and market shares of top companies.. Company Profiles and Sales Data: As the name suggests, this section gives the sales data of key players of the Global Sleep Disorder Market as well as some useful information on their business. It talks about the gross margin, price, revenue, products, and their specifications, type, applications, competitors, manufacturing base, and the main business of key players operating in the Global Sleep ...
These findings from a large, population-based study provide prospective evidence that people who are anxious by nature are predisposed to sleep disturbances, the researchers said.. They analyzed data from the longitudinal Health and Social Support study with a representative sample of the Finnish population. The analysis included 19,199 respondents who completed a survey both at baseline in 1998 and five years later.. At baseline, participants fell into four age groups - 20 to 24, 30 to 34, 40 to 44, or 50 to 54 - and 13% reported sleep disturbances. At follow-up, 11% reported new-onset sleep disturbances.. Liability to anxiety, indicated by a general feeling of stressfulness (as measured by the Reeder stress inventory) and symptoms of sympathetic nervous system hyperactivity, was strongly linked to disturbed sleep, the researchers said.. Men and women with the highest levels of general stress on a day-to-day basis were 2.4 times more likely to develop new-onset sleep disturbances compared with ...
The study involved 93 people with this type of sleep disorder who had no signs of a neurodegenerative disease, such as dementia or Parkinsons disease. The participants were followed for an average of five years. During that time, 26 of the people developed a neurodegenerative disease. Fourteen developed Parkinsons disease, 11 developed dementia and were diagnosed with either Alzheimers disease or Lewy body dementia. One person developed multiple system atrophy, a rare disorder that affects movement, blood pressure and other body functions.. The estimated five-year risk of developing a neurodegenerative disease was 18 percent, with the 10-year risk at 41 percent and the 12-year risk at 52 percent.. These results are obviously of great interest to people who have this sleep disorder and their physicians and families, said study author Ronald B. Postuma, MD of McGill University in Montreal, Canada, who carried out the studies at the sleep disorders center at the Sacre Coeur hospital, ...
Background: Treatment of sleep disorders in visually impaired children is complicated by a complex pathophysiology, a high incidence of sleep disorders in this population, and a dearth of management options. The significant impact on the health of these children and distress to their caregivers warrant a systematic assessment of the published literature on therapeutic approaches. Objective: This systematic review aims to assess the current therapeutic options in the management of sleep disorders in visually impaired children to identify knowledge gaps and guide future research. Methods: A search of primary literature was conducted using the bibliographic databases PubMed (1980-August 2010), EMBASE (1990-August 2010), Science Citation Index Expanded (1990-August 2010), and CINHAL (1992-August 2010) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL). Additional studies were identified through snowballing search techniques (manually by searching retrieved references and electronically by
Find sleep disorder therapists, psychologists and sleep disorder counselors in Dickerson, Maryland. Search now for detailed listings and contact a sleep disorder therapist in Dickerson that fits your needs!
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Estrogen levels determine body fat distribution, and in women that fat is stored on our hips, bottom, abdomen and thighs. Fat cells manufacture and store estrogen. During the peri-menopausal years (the 10 to 15 years before menstruation ceases) and menopause (defined as one year with no periods), it is common for women to suffer a multitude of hormonal complaints. Menstrual irregularities, weight gain, hot flashes, uterine fibroids, night sweats and sleep disturbances are common complaints during this time in a womans life.. Most would think these symptoms are associated with a decline in estrogen, but they are also hallmark symptoms of low thyroid, especially night sweats and insomnia. The conventional medical treatment for menopausal women is hormone replacement therapy with estrogen (ie. Premarin derived from a pregnant horses urine) for these symptoms. And peri-menopausal women may be put on the birth control pill.. The problem with these treatments is that they can cause increased blood ...
~Sleep disturbances, including obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), are common in children and can result in significant health problems if left untreated.
Pediatric sleep disorders represent highly common phenomena that often interfere with daily patient and family functioning. Interest in and treatment of sleep disturbances in youth continues to increase, but research continues to lag.
Looking for Sleep Disorder Specialists in Woodland Hills? We have compiled a list of businesses and services around Woodland Hills that should help you with your search. We hope this page helps you find Sleep Disorder Specialists in Woodland Hills.
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TriStar StoneCrest Medical Centers sleep center in Rutherford County offers a comprehensive approach to the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders in adults and children. The center offers a home-like atmosphere designed to make you feel as comfortable as possible during evaluation.. Additionally, our physicians are certified by the American Board of Sleep Medicine. They provide a thorough medical assessment that can help identify the source of sleep-related issues. In many cases, proper evaluation and treatment can help you return to a normal sleeping pattern and remove the stress, anxiety and serious health risks associated with sleep disorders.. ...
Can snoring be fatal? Sleep apnea, snoring, TMJ and other sleep disorders can put you in danger. Call Dr. Ron Perkins and find out how he can help you. His offices are in Dallas and Rockwall, Texas.
Schizophrenic patients commonly suffer from sleep disorders which are associated with acute disease severity, worsening prognoses and a poorer quality of life. Research is attempting to disentangle the complex interplay between schizophrenia and sleep disturbances by focusing not only on demographic and clinical characteristics, but also on the identification of genetic factors. Here, we performed a systematic literature review on the topic of genetic variations in sleep-disordered schizophrenic patients in an attempt to identify high quality investigations reporting scientifically sound and clinically useful data. For this purpose, we conducted a thorough search of PubMed, ScienceDirect and GoogleScholar databases, according to the guidelines of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis (PRISMA) protocol. Our search yielded 11 eligible studies. Certain genetic variations were reported to be associated with schizophrenia-related sleep disorders. Antipsychotic-induced ...
Learn about the different types of sleep disorders such as insomnia and sleep apnea. Explore the symptoms, causes, tests and treatments of sleep disorders.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic and debilitating condition that affects up to 6.8% of the United States general population.1-4 This disorder is characterized by specific symptoms that may develop after an individual suffers a traumatic event.3 The fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) groups these symptoms into four clusters: intrusion/re-experiencing, avoidance, negative alterations in cognition and mood, and alterations in arousal or activity (hyperarousal).5 Depending on the source, sleep disturbances such as nightmares may be considered either an intrusive or hyperarousal symptom. Sleep disturbances are common in patients suffering from PTSD4-7 and up to 70% of veterans report trauma related sleep disturbances.3 Sleep disturbances can manifest in a variety of ways. Commonly reported sleep disturbances in patients with PTSD include nightmares, anxiety provoking dreams, frequent awakenings, difficulty falling asleep (sleep ...
This is the first study to examine the long-term outcomes of sleep problems in a community sample of infants, together with the long-term impact of a behavioral sleep intervention on infant sleep problems. Sleep problems were identified in approximately one third of the 3- to 4-year-old children surveyed, all of whom had had significant sleep problems as infants. These children at 3 to 4 years were more likely to need an adult to nurse them to sleep. They also had higher Internalizing and Externalizing Scores and Aggressive Behavior and Somatic Problems subscale scores of the CBCL than children without sleep problems. Their mothers had higher EPDS scores as well as difficulties with their partner undermining the management of their child. Despite this, the children and their families were generally functioning well, and 69% of mothers reported that their childs sleep problem had resolved from infancy. The resolution of sleep problems in children who had received an infant sleep intervention was ...
Sleep disturbances are common following traumatic brain injury (TBI). Biological, psychological and social aetiological factors have been identified, with consequences of sleep disturbances including mood disturbances and exacerbation of cognitive difficulties, with potential impacts on rehabilitation outcomes. Therefore, gaining a better understanding of sleep disturbances post-TBI is necessary to inform appropriate interventions and evaluate their efficacy. There is limited research into the efficacy of interventions for sleep disturbances post-TBI. However, the use of medications can be problematic due to their impacts on cognitive functioning, thus alternatives should be considered. The first section of this work presents a narrative review which outlines the biological, psychological and social factors which influence the development and maintenance of sleep disturbance post-TBI and justifying the use of cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) in the management of sleep ...
Our study demonstrated that 53 % of patients with COPD in our cohort had poor sleep quality (PSQI score , 5). A high prevalence of poor sleep quality in patients with COPD has been reported in previous studies [1, 2, 8]. In a recent real-world study, 78 % of patients with COPD reported night time disturbances as measured by the Jenkins Sleep Questionnaire [21]. In a telephone study, Ohayon reported COPD subjects had higher insomnia symptoms than non-COPD subjects (48.1 versus 27.6 % respectively) [22].. Our study also confirmed sleep disturbances, as well as cough and dyspnea, as major concerns in patients with COPD. Some researchers suggest that poor sleep quality might result in cognitive dysfunction, depression, anxiety, poor survival and poor quality of life [7]. Determining which factors are associated with sleep disturbances in patients with COPD may improve their treatment strategy.. A high prevalence of sleep symptoms among patients with COPD was discovered approximately thirty years ago ...
Sleep disorders and epileptic seizures are of higher prevalence in those with multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease that affects the nervous system. Multiple studies have shown higher prevalence of other co-morbid disorders in those with multiple sclerosis, including sleep disorders and epileptic seizures.. One study conducted a large scale review of other research in regards to multiple sclerosis, sleep disorders and epileptic seizures. They evaluated 32 studies regarding seizures and 18 studies involving sleep disorders. Prevalence of seizures in multiple sclerosis patients was 2.28 percent and sleep disorders was 1.6 percent for narcolepsy, 14.5 - 57.5 percent for restless leg syndrome, 2.22 - 3.2 percent for REM behavior disorder and 7.14 - 58.1 percent for obstructive sleep apnea.. The review of the literature revealed that there are higher occurrences of sleep disorders and seizures in those with multiple sclerosis. The review acknowledged gaps in the research and ...
European Journal of Psychotraumatology. Catrin Lewis, Katie Lewis, Neil Kitchiner, Samantha Isaac , Ian Jones & Jonathan I. Bisson. Abstract. Background: Sleep disturbance has been described as a hallmark symptom of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Although there are robust findings of self-reported sleep disturbance in PTSD, evidence of sleep disturbance measured using actigraphy is less certain.. Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine whether there are any significant differences between individuals with and without PTSD in actigraph-derived sleep measures.. Method: Case-control studies comparing participants with current PTSD to those without PTSD were eligible for inclusion. Sleep parameters of interest were: (1) total sleep time; (2) sleep onset latency; (3) wake after sleep onset (WASO); and (4) sleep efficiency. Data were meta-analysed as standardised mean differences (SMDs) and potential sources of ...
The sleep disturbance in fibromyalgia is characterized as non-restorative in nature, and is defined as a feeling of light sleep, independent of duration, and as non-refreshing. As such, these patients wake up in the morning and complain of stiffness and overall aching of the body.. It is well known that reciprocal relationship exist between sleep and pain, with sleep disturbances being an important contributor to morbidity in fibromyalgia. Milnacipran, a selective serotonin norepinephrine receptor inhibitor (SNRI)), was approved by the FDA for the management of fibromyalgia. Although milnacipran has extensively been studied in fibromyalgia patients, but there is no objective measure, i.e., the use of overnight polysomnography, to determine its effects on sleep.. The study is meant to explore the effects of milnacipran, versus placebo, on sleep in patients with fibromyalgia as measured by overnight PSGs. The study will also involve important domains of fibromyalgia etiology: sleep disturbance, ...
TUESDAY, Aug. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep disorders during pregnancy may increase the risk of preterm birth, a new study finds.. The California research looked at 2,265 pregnant women who were diagnosed with a sleep disorder, such as insomnia or sleep apnea. They were compared to a control group of pregnant women without a sleep disorder diagnosis but with similar maternal risk factors for preterm birth, such as a previous preterm birth, smoking during pregnancy, or high blood pressure. The rate of preterm birth was 14.6 percent among women with sleep disorders and 10.9 percent among the control group. Preterm birth is defined as delivery before 37 weeks gestation.. The risk of delivery before 34 weeks gestation was more than double among women with sleep apnea and nearly double among those with insomnia, according to the study.. It was published Aug. 8 in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology.. Treating sleep disorders could help reduce the preterm birth rate, which stands at about 10 ...
Although sleep patterns change with age, it is the change in the ability to sleep that precipitates sleep complaints in older adults. Waking not rested, waking too early, trouble falling asleep, daytime napping, nocturnal waking, and difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep are among the chief sleep complaints of older adults. The consequences of poor sleep include difficulty sustaining attention, slowed response time, difficulty with memory, and decreased performance. Both medical and psychiatric conditions as well as the medications used to treat them lead to sleep complaints in older adults. Circadian rhythm disturbances and primary sleep disorders may also result in sleep complaints. Appropriate treatment may be dictated by severity of symptoms and concurrent medications. Efficacious pharmacologic interventions are the nonbenzodiazepine hypnotics zolpidem, zaleplon, and eszopiclone. Two new agents, ramelteon, which was recently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in ...
Inadequate sleep during childhood is an invisible phenomenon that fails to receive attention from primary care providers until it interferes with the childs behavior, mood, or performance.1-4 Community and multi-site studies have consistently reported that up to 20% to 25% of US children and adolescents experience a range of sleep problems.5-10 Inadequate sleep takes many forms: difficulty with sleep onset, length, or circadian rhythms with resulting daytime sleepiness experienced by otherwise healthy children; disturbed sleep associated with acute and chronic illness; and primary sleep disorders. The least attention has been paid to the first group, and there is little consensus about the second.. Normative requirements for adequate sleep based on epidemiologic and laboratory studies11-13 reflect the need for progressively less sleep by developmental stage with averages of 10 hours for 5- to 13-year-olds (declining from 11.1 at 5 years to 9.0 hours at 13 years) and 8 to 9 hours for adolescents ...
Modus Five has launched a new educational and user-friendly multimedia software program called Sleep Disorder: a Patient Education Multimedia Course. The software program presents helpful information by using rich graphics, interactive content, videos and animations.. Dr. Aaron Morse from Central Coast Sleep Disorders Center in Santa Cruz, Calif. has practiced sleep medicine for 30 years and helped supervise the programs development. This software, developed by sleep professionals employs animation, video interviews and good content in a user friendly and interactive way. It should go a long way towards raising awareness that sleep disorders are common and treatable.. The software program offers step-by-step lessons on obstructive sleep apnea, insomnia, restless legs syndrome, narcolepsy, and delayed sleep-phase syndrome, which are among the most common sleep-related conditions affecting millions of people world-wide. Patients, physicians, nurses, medical educators and health care ...
Although the amount of sleep you get each day is important, other aspects of your sleep also contribute to your health and well-being. Good sleep quality is also essential. Signs of poor sleep quality include not feeling rested even after getting enough sleep, repeatedly waking up during the night, and experiencing symptoms of sleep disorders (such as snoring or gasping for air). Improving sleep quality may be helped by better sleep habits or being diagnosed and treated for any sleep disorder you may have.. ...
DISCUSSION. The present study confirmed that poorer subjective sleep quality is related to greater unstimulated sexual arousal, and that this relation was mostly driven by men with higher T levels and women with higher T levels not taking oral contraception. These findings extend previous ones showing that 1) severity of womens subjective sleep problems correlated with greater fantasy-induced subjective sexual arousal25, 2) perceived genital arousal was greater, when the duration of sleep was shorter in the previous night26, and 3) sleep deprivation in men increased erections in response to erotica23 and visual attention to images of women24. Our findings are also consistent with studies in male rats showing that unstimulated erections are facilitated by REM sleep deprivation11,12, a consequence of general sleep deprivation.. As predicted, severity of sleep problems correlated with unstimulated arousal only in the male and female groups with higher T levels. The facilitating role of T in ...
DISCUSSION. The present study confirmed that poorer subjective sleep quality is related to greater unstimulated sexual arousal, and that this relation was mostly driven by men with higher T levels and women with higher T levels not taking oral contraception. These findings extend previous ones showing that 1) severity of womens subjective sleep problems correlated with greater fantasy-induced subjective sexual arousal25, 2) perceived genital arousal was greater, when the duration of sleep was shorter in the previous night26, and 3) sleep deprivation in men increased erections in response to erotica23 and visual attention to images of women24. Our findings are also consistent with studies in male rats showing that unstimulated erections are facilitated by REM sleep deprivation11,12, a consequence of general sleep deprivation.. As predicted, severity of sleep problems correlated with unstimulated arousal only in the male and female groups with higher T levels. The facilitating role of T in ...
According to the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke, approximately 40 million people in the United States suffer from chronic long-term sleep disorders. Further, an additional 20 million people experience occasional sleep problems.. Sleep disorders can vary widely in their presentation from person to person. As a result of these differences and the skillsets required to best treat patients, the Neurology Center of Fairfax established the Sleep Diagnostic & Treatment Center. Bringing together an experienced team that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of the full range of sleep disorders, the Sleep Diagnostic & Treatment Center provides the highly skilled innovative clinical care that these patients deserve.. Our sleep center is fully accredited by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, a distinction held by only 7% of sleep laboratories in the U.S. Once a sleep problem has been identified, a customized treatment plan will be designed. Our sole focus is on improving ...
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that sleep disorders are relevant to the risk of ischaemic stroke and ischaemic heart disease events in older men. DESIGN: A cohort study. SETTING: The Caerphilly cohort, a representative population sample of older men in South Wales, UK. PARTICIPANTS: 1986 men aged 55-69 years completed a questionnaire on sleep patterns with help from their partners. This asked about symptoms of disturbed sleep: insomnia, snoring, restless legs, obstructive sleep apnoea, and about daytime sleepiness. During the following 10 years 107 men experienced an ischaemic stroke and 213 had an ischaemic heart disease event. MAIN RESULTS: Up to one third of the men reported at least one symptom suggestive of sleep disturbance, and one third reported daytime sleepiness. Compared with men who reported no such symptoms, the adjusted relative odds of an ischaemic stroke were significantly increased in men with any sleep disturbance, the strongest association being with sleep apnoea (relative odds 1
If a sleep study is recommended, you will arrive about 1 hour prior to your normal bedtime. After changing into your own pajamas and following your bedtime routine, the sleep tech places a number of monitoring devices on the head, face and chest to monitor heart, breathing and brain patterns. Throughout the night, the sleep tech is only steps away and can answer any questions or needs throughout the night. In the morning, the sleep tech wakes you up and removes the monitoring devices. You may shower, change clothes, have breakfast in the cafeteria and go to work or home after your sleep study.. Results of the sleep study are interpreted and sent to your physician within one week so treatment can be started quickly.. Sleep evaluations and studies are covered by most insurance. Accessible scheduling and prompt review of reports results in speedy diagnosis and treatment of the problem. Download our Sleep Disorders Center Brochure (pdf).. Download our Sleep Disorders Facts Flyer on Sleep Disorders ...
PSQI was developed to measure sleep quality during the previous month and to discriminate between good and poor sleepers. The self-administered scale contains 15 multiple-choice items that inquire about frequency of sleep disturbances and subjective sleep quality and 4 write-in items that inquire about typical bedtime, wake-up time, sleep latency, and sleep duration. Each component score ranges from 0 (no difficulty) to 3 (severe difficulty). The component scores are summed to produce a global score (range of 0-21). A PSQI global score ,5 is considered to be suggestive of significant sleep disturbance ...
Restful sleep is an essential component of health for human beings. The brain must sleep to function properly and the body must rejuvenate in sleep to stay healthy. Despite the critical role restorative sleep plays, sleep disturbances are very common. Infants and children who awaken unnecessarily at night can disturb parents sleep leading to fatigue and irritability in daily living. Children who dont sleep well can have behavioral and emotional problems that can disrupt pleasant parent/child relationships. Sleep disturbance is very common in many chronic conditions such as anxiety, depression, adhd, asthma, allergies, chronic fatigue, etc. Some parents and children live in a state of persistent unrecognized sleep deprivation which diminishes life enjoyment, and contributes to suboptimal performance in work, school, relationships, etc.. Pediatricians at Canyon View Pediatrics are well training in recognizing and assessing common sleep problems and helping parents and children establish normal ...
Sleep Disorders (Book) : Bayer, Linda N. : Examines various sleep disorders, including primary insomnia, primary hypersomnia, narcolepsy, breathing-related sleep disorder, circadian rhythm sleep disorder, nightmares, and sleepwalking.
Sleep Medicine is a relatively new field of medicine spanning multiple disciplines. The range of healthcare professionals involved in the management of sleep disorders includes Neurologists, Respiratory physicians, Psychiatrists, Psychologists, ENT surgeons, Sleep Technologists and Respiratory Therapists.. Sleep disorders are conditions occurring around and during sleep which disturb normal sleep. Sleep is an important time for rest and restoration of the mind and body. When sleep is disrupted, our health is impaired. Sleep disorders affect the brain and physical functioning, and often worsen existing conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke and depression. People who do not get enough sleep are also at risk of more frequent accidents, and poorer performance at school or work.. People at risk for sleep problems include those with irregular work and sleep schedules, poorly managed stress, depression and anxiety, chronic pain, and diseases of the brain such as ...
One of the recommended natural remedies for sleep disorder is using melatonin supplements. Melatonin supplements are often recommended for different sleep conditions. This is a natural hormone which can regulate the sleep-wake cycle in the human brain. It is used to treat conditions where sleep is disordered because of low levels of melatonin at night, like affective disorders, aging, jet lag, delayed sleep- phase disorder Other natural remedies for sleep disorder include Lavender. This can be used as a relaxing massage before bed or as a tea. A few drops of Lavender oil on your pillow will help to keep you relaxed and sleeping peacefully through the night. Holistic treatments involving herbs have been used for many years and have a long track record of bringing balance back to the body and allowing users to sleep when they need to.. Sometimes a sleeping disorder causes symptoms similar to a tremor. Sleep apnea - This sleep disorder causes loud snoring, gasping, choking, pauses in breathing and ...
Methods: A total of 129 couples (129 husbands and 129 wives) aged 30 to 79 years were included in this study from March, 2009 to February, 2010. The subjects were surveyed using a specific questionnaire. Sleep disorder was defined by a Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index global score greater than 5 (poor sleepers). The subjects were divided into a group of good sleepers (n = 160) and a group of poor sleepers (n = 98). Socio-demographic and clinical covariates including age, sex, depression, spouse sleep disorder, and spouse depression were reported ...
190 JIA patients were treated with abatacept for 4 months in an open-label lead-in period (Period A). ACR Pedi 30 responders (n = 123) were then randomized 1:1 to receive abatacept or placebo for up to 6 months in a double-blind withdrawal period (Period B). HRQOL was assessed by the Child Health Questionnaire (CHQ), sleep quality was measured by the Childrens Sleep Habits Questionnaire (CSHQ), and pain by a 0-100 mm VAS. Mean change from baseline in each period was calculated and compared between the treatment groups (in Period B), and the change over time was examined. ...
poor sleep - MedHelps poor sleep Center for Information, Symptoms, Resources, Treatments and Tools for poor sleep. Find poor sleep information, treatments for poor sleep and poor sleep symptoms.
The objective of the study was to investigate whether school-aged children diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) experience greater sleep disturbance than do normally-developing children. Participants included 33 parents and their children with ADHD (mean age = 10.7 ± 1.7 years) and 33 parents and their children without ADHD (mean age = 10.7 ± 1.6 years). Both parents and their children completed sleep questionnaires developed to assess a number of sleep variables. Based on parental report, the Total Sleep Disturbance score was significantly greater for the ADHD group than for the comparison group. Parents indicated that children with ADHD had significantly more disturbed sleep than did children without ADHD on 8 of the 10 sleep subscales of the Sleep Questionnaire for Parents. These were: Bedtime Resistance, Morning Difficulty, Parasomnias/Other Sleep Disturbance, Restless Legs Syndrome, Sleep Anxiety/Transitioning, Sleep Duration/Quality, Sleep Hygiene, and Sleep Onset.
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) often report poor sleep quality, but they commonly exhibit OSA. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of OSA severity and of estimated glomerular filtration rate impairment on objective sleep quality in nondialyzed patients with CKD, defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73m². METHODS: Polysomnographic sleep characteristics were compared between patients with (n = 430) and without CKD (n = 6,639) in the European Sleep Apnea Database cohort. Comparisons were repeated in 375 patients with CKD and 375 control patients without CKD matched for sleep center, age, sex, and AHI, and in 310 matched CKD and non-CKD patients without psychiatric disturbances. RESULTS: Among all patients with and without CKD, total sleep time was similar but sleep stage N1 (median 8.7% [IQR 4.8-18.0] vs 6.7% [3.6-12.7], respectively) and sleep stage R (12.6% [6.8-17.7] vs 14.2% [8.8-19.8], respectively) significantly ...
Background A scientific understanding of the effects of seasonal changes on sleep duration and sleep problems such as insomnia and hypersomnia has yet to be elucidated; however, such an understanding could aid the establishment of an optimal sleep hygiene program to treat such problems. Methods We investigated the effects of seasonal changes on sleep duration and sleep problems in Japanese community residents. Data on 1,388 individuals aged 15-89 years who participated in the Survey of Seasonal Variations in Food Intakes conducted by the National Institute of Health and Nutrition of Japan (2004-2007) were analyzed. Participants completed a questionnaire including items on sleep duration and sleep problems (difficulty initiating sleep [DIS], difficulty maintaining sleep [DMS]/early morning awakening [EMA], and excessive daytime sleepiness [EDS]). Data were prospectively collected at four time points (spring, summer, fall, and winter). Results Seasonal changes in sleep duration were found, with the
snoring problem health snore relief side effects sleep apnea pregnancy complications information about sleep disorders sleep disorder center boone american sleep disorders association snore headphones heavy snoring in children sleep apnea pregnancy snore stopper tasmania of Americans. Here youll find in-depth sleep apnea information including treatments, causes, and the diagnosis....
Sleep disturbances are routinely encountered in Alzheimers disease (AD) and affect about 25-40% of patients in the mild-to-moderate stages of the disease. In many, sleep pathology may represent a symptom of the underlying neurodegeneration. However, a history of sleep disruption occurring years prior to onset of cognitive symptoms could represent a potential risk factor for AD. The aim of the present narrative review was to evaluate current evidence linking sleep disturbances with AD development and to understand the mechanisms that may contribute to this. Although the mechanisms by which poor sleep may contribute to AD genesis is not fully understood, emerging evidence linking disturbances in the sleep wake cycle with Aβ deposition is shedding light on the relationship between sleep pathology and the subsequent development of AD. Aβ burden appears to be enhanced by sleep-wake cycle disruptions and is suspected as being an important mechanism by which sleep disruptions contribute in AD ...
Sleep disturbances are a common problem among haemodialysis patients, with an estimated prevalence of 50% to 80%.1 The implications of disturbed sleep are substantial; compared with haemodialysis patients who do not report sleep disturbances, poor sleep is independently associated with lower health-related quality of life and an increased relative risk in mortality of 16%.2 As the timing of the dialysis shift may influence sleep-wake … ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Sleep disturbances in adults with arthritis. T2 - Prevalence, mediators, and subgroups at greatest risk. Data from the 2007 national health interview survey. AU - Louie, Grant H.. AU - Tektonidou, Maria G.. AU - Caban-Martinez, Alberto J.. AU - Ward, Michael M.. PY - 2011/2/1. Y1 - 2011/2/1. N2 - Objective. To examine the prevalence of sleep disturbances in adults with arthritis in a nationally representative sample, mediators of sleep difficulties, and subgroups of individuals with arthritis at greatest risk. Methods. Using data on US adults ages ≥18 years participating in the 2007 National Health Interview Survey, we computed the prevalence of 3 measures of sleep disturbance (insomnia, excessive daytime sleepiness, and sleep duration ,6 hours) among persons with arthritis. We used logistic regression analysis to examine if the association of arthritis and sleep disturbances was independent of sociodemographic characteristics and comorbidities, and to identify potential ...
Sleep Disorders A sleep disorder can take the form of repeated waking throughout the night; waking in the night and having difficulty getting back to sleep; or finding it difficult to drop off to sleep at the beginning of the night. Quality sleep is vital for physical and mental health, and insufficient quantity and/or quality of sleep leads to irritability and tiredness, and lack of concentration the next day. Recommended nutrients and herbs: • 5HTP increases melatonin levels in the body, which regulates our sleep-wake cycles. If you are a very light sleeper and wake during the night, finding it difficult to fall back asleep, melatonin levels are most likely deficient. Cherry Juice is another great source of melatonin, and is also high in anti-oxidants. • Magnesium is useful if you have trouble getting to sleep at night, as it relaxes the nervous system, and eases any muscle tension. • Herbs such as valerian, chamomile, tulsi, and passionflower help to calm and relax and induce sleep.
The UC Davis Medical Center Sleep Disorders Laboratory is fully accredited by the American Sleep Disorders Association. Patients requiring a sleep study, also known as a polysomnogram, are evaluated in a fully equipped sleep disorders laboratory by certified Sleep Technicians. The lab collaborates with the Department of Otolaryngology and the Internal Medicine Departments Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care.. For more information, please see: ...
Genes may play a significant role in how much sleep we need. Scientists have identified several genes involved with sleep and sleep disorders, including genes that control the excitability of neurons, and clock genes such as Per, tim, and Cry that influence our circadian rhythms and the timing of sleep. Genome-wide association studies have identified sites on various chromosomes that increase our susceptibility to sleep disorders. Also, different genes have been identified with such sleep disorders as familial advanced sleep-phase disorder, narcolepsy, and restless legs syndrome. Some of the genes expressed in the cerebral cortex and other brain areas change their level of expression between sleep and wake. Several genetic models-including the worm, fruit fly, and zebrafish-are helping scientists to identify molecular mechanisms and genetic variants involved in normal sleep and sleep disorders. Additional research will provide better understand of inherited sleep patterns and risks of ...
Think sleep disorders are rare in children? They arent. About half of all children develop some type of sleep disorder and 1-5% have obstructive sleep apnea.
Liver Int. 2014 Feb 10. doi: 10.1111/liv.12485. [Epub ahead of print]. Gencdal G1, Gunsar F, Meral CE, Salman E, Gürsel B, Oruç N, Karasu Z, Ersöz G, Akarca US.. Abstract. INTRODUCTION: Sleep disorders (SDs) are common in cirrhotics and are often associated with hepatic encephalopathy. SDs negatively affect patients daily activities and work efficiency. For this reason, early diognosis is important. The methods used for diagnosis of SDs are not practical and need longer periods of application and evaluation. In this study we aimed to investigate sleep disorders and related clinical parameters in liver cirrhosis and also want to investigate the using of Sleep Timing and Sleep Quality Screening questionnaire (STSQS), a simple form with a short application time, for diagnosis of SDs and its correlation with Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) form.. METHODS: Cirrhotic patients and age-matched healthy volunteers were enrolled. Patients were excluded from the study if they had neuropsychiatric ...
Sleep Disorders Center, with multiple locations, treating snoring, sleep apnea and all types of sleep disorders, plus most central neurologic conditions.
The study objective was to validate the Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire with regard to dimensionality, internal consistency, and construct and criterion validity. Another objective was to provide normative data. Data from the cross-sectional Vasterbotten Environmental Health Study in Sweden were used. The 3406 participants in this study, 18 to 79 years old, constituted a random sample stratified for age and sex. Along with the Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire, the participants responded to the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the Perceived Stress Scale, and the Shirom Melamed Burnout Questionnaire for assessing construct validity. Factor analyses of the questions in the Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire that relate to nocturnal sleep revealed the dimensions sleep quality, non-restorative sleep, and sleep apnea. A separate factor analysis on the questions regarding day time sleepiness revealed a sleepiness dimension. The sleep quality, non-restorative sleep, and sleepiness dimensions showed ...
13 SLEEP DISORDERS Harrisons Manual of Medicine 13 SLEEP DISORDERS Insomnia Hypersomnias (Disorders of Excessive Daytime Sleepiness) Disorders of Circadian Rhythmicity Bibliography Disorders of sleep are among the most common problems seen by clinicians. More than one-half of adults experience at least occasional insomnia, and 15- 20% have a chronic sleep disturbance. Approach to the…
The public health consequences of sleep loss, night work, and sleep disorders are far from benign. Some of the most devastating human and environmental health disasters have been partially attributed to sleep loss and night shift work-related performance failures, including the tragedy at the Bhopal, India, chemical plant; the nuclear reactor meltdowns at Three Mile Island and Chernobyl; as well as the grounding of the Star Princess cruise ship and the Exxon Valdez oil tanker (NCSDS, 1994; NTSB, 1997; Moss and Sills, 1981; United States Senate Committee on Energy and National Resources, 1986; USNRC, 1987; Dinges et al., 1989). Each of these incidents not only cost millions of dollars to clean up, but also had a significant impact on the environment and the health of local communities.
Sleep architecture, sleep behaviors, and sleep problems change as children progress from infancy to adolescence. The ability to sleep through the night usually does not develop until at least 3 to 6 months of age. Sleep duration also varies by age (Table 1). Insufficient sleep and poor sleep quality may manifest as changes in mood, behavior, memory, and attention. Parents are usually quick to recognize any changes in their childs behavior and mood, and these observations should be ascertained during history taking. Younger children may develop symptoms of hyperactivity, poor impulse control, and neurocognitive dysfunction that includes attentional problems and impaired vigilance. Adolescents who are not getting sufficient sleep may have symptoms of excessive daytime sleepiness, such as falling asleep on … ...
New York, July 15 (IANS) Pregnant women with restless legs syndrome (RLS) are more likely to have poor sleep quality, excessive daytime sleepiness and poor daytime function, researchers say. RLS is a condition characterised by a nearly irresistible urge to move the legs, typically in the evenings.. The results showed that 36 per cent of women in their third trimester experienced RLS, and half of the women with RLS had moderate to severe symptoms, at least four times per week.. While we expected that RLS would be relatively common in pregnant women, we were surprised to observe just how many had a severe form, said lead author Galit Levi Dunietz, post-doctoral research student at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, US. Compared with pregnant women without RLS, those with RLS were twice as likely to report poor sleep quality and poor daytime function, and they were also more likely to have excessive daytime sleepiness. These sleep-wake disturbances are considered common symptoms in ...
Restful sleep is essential for health and well-being. Sleep disturbances may arise from many situational stresses, feeling anxious or sad, from illness or pain, related to night sweats or due to the environment (a nursing baby, a snoring partner or unpredictable noises in the neighborhood). Sleep plays an essential role in our circadian rhythm-around-the-clock timing related to eating, temperature, reproduction and all fundamental processes necessary for the health of all of our tissues.Natural progesterone helps sleep when given in therapy doses (300 mg at bedtime) by mouth as oral micronized progesterone (but not as progesterone cream or even vaginal progesterone). This sleep-inducing effect of progesterone has been proven in controlled trials in men as well as in menopausal women.Progesterone shortens the time to fall asleep, lessens night time awakening and increases total sleep time while not being addicting or causing morning hangover effects. After three months of taking progesterone womens
In recent years the problems with sleep that women may experience have been better appreciated. Women are among the most chronically sleep deprived members of society, with women from age 30-60 averaging just under 7 hours of sleep per night during the week. This is contributed to by a combination of factors, including the multiple roles many women have as wage earner, homemaker and mother. In addition of course, physiological differences due to changing hormone levels add unique issues for women with what we now recognize as an important effect on sleep quality. Studies have shown that hormonal changes in the menstrual cycle can and do interfere with sleep for an average 2-3 days per monthly cycle. The interference with sleep appears due to a bloated feeling but clearly contributed to by other factors. The most marked disturbance occurs during the first few days of menstruation. An second time of disrupted sleep occurs as progesterone levels fall towards the end of the menstrual cycle. There ...
If youve got Parkinsons disease and find it difficult to get to sleep, or stay asleep, youre not alone. 90% of people living with the condition are similarly affected. Identifying the root causes of sleep problems are the first steps to solving the issue. Poor sleep can be due to a number of things. Symptoms of Parkinsons, medicines for controlling it, and poor sleep hygiene all have a role to play. When it comes to sleep, everyones situation is different - depending on their health, their environment, and ideas of comfort. So theres no blueprint for getting a good nights sleep. It takes trial and error to find out what suits you. If youve followed basic sleep hygiene rules and you still have problems, it might be time to try some Parkinsons detective work in partnership with your healthcare professional. Keeping a basic sleep diary can be a good place to start. This will help you develop an understanding of where your main sleep problems are occurring.. Click on the image below to ...
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The US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health report, Effects of Drugs on Sleep, states that: Chronic use or abuse of certain drugs may lead to the development of substance-related sleep disorders. Primary sleep disorders, such as apnea, periodic movement disorders, and parasomnias, may be exacerbated by various drugs.. According to a Harvard Report on how External Factors Influence Sleep, the impact of prescription medications on sleep varies from one type to the next. For instance, beta blockers, which are commonly used to reduce blood pressure, cause decreased slow-wave sleep and in important REM sleep, while increasing sleepiness during the daytime hours. Alpha blockers, also used to reduce blood pressure and to treat some prostate conditions, also lead to decreases in REM sleep as well as boosts to daytime sleepiness. Some antidepressants, known as SSRIs, are believed to actually promote insomnia. The long-term impact of other antidepressant drugs on sleep are, as of ...
Sleep disorders[edit]. Armodafinil is approved by the U.S. FDA for the treatment of narcolepsy and shift work sleep disorder, ... For shift work sleep disorder, 150 mg of armodafinil are taken one hour prior to starting work. Slow dose titration is needed ... and shift work disorder.[2] It is commonly used off-label to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, chronic fatigue ... and as an adjuvant therapy for obstructive sleep apnea.[8] For narcolepsy and obstructive sleep apnea, armodafinil is taken as ...
"Efficacy and safety of exogenous melatonin for secondary sleep disorders and sleep disorders accompanying sleep restriction: ... "Treatment Outcomes in REM Sleep Behavior Disorder". Sleep Medicine (Review). 14 (3): 237-242. doi:10.1016/j.sleep.2012.09.018. ... Melatonin reduces the time until onset of sleep and increases sleep duration in children with neurodevelopmental disorders.[21] ... "Evidence for the efficacy of melatonin in the treatment of primary adult sleep disorders" (PDF). Sleep Med Rev. 34: 10-22. doi: ...
Sleep disorders[edit]. *(G47) Sleep disorders *(G47.0) Disorders of initiating and maintaining sleep (insomnias) ... G90-G99) Other disorders of the nervous system[edit]. *(G90) Disorders of autonomic nervous system *(G90.0) Idiopathic ... G50-G59) Nerve, nerve root and plexus disorders[edit]. *(G50) Disorders of trigeminal nerve (V) *(G50.0) Trigeminal neuralgia ... G96) Other disorders of central nervous system *(G96.0) Cerebrospinal fluid leak. *(G96.1) Disorders of meninges, not elsewhere ...
Sleep questionnaires[edit]. Sleep questionnaires help determine the presence of a sleep disorder by asking a patient to fill ... Sleep disorders are separated into four distinct categories: parasomnias; dyssomnias; sleep disorders associated with mental, ... and sleep disorders that do not have enough data available to be counted as definitive sleep disorders. The ICSD has created a ... "American Board of Sleep Medicine".. *^ "The International Classification of Sleep Disorders, Revised: Diagnostic and Coding ...
Sleep disorders *For more detailed coverage, see Template:Sleep. CSF. *Intracranial hypertension *Hydrocephalus ...
Psychophysiology: Sleep and sleep disorders (F51 and G47 / 307.4 and 327). Sleep stages. *Rapid eye movement (REM) *Non-rapid ... "Good night, sleep tight, don't let the bed bugs bite", is a saying some people recite before they go to sleep.[74] ... A definitive diagnosis of health effects due to bed bugs requires a search for and finding of the insect in the sleeping ... When visiting a new lodging, it is advised to check the bed before taking suitcases into the sleeping area and putting the ...
The demyelinating disorders of the central nervous system include: *Myelinoclastic or demyelinating disorders: *Typical forms ... The myelinoclastic disorders are typically associated with symptoms such as optic neuritis and transverse myelitis, because the ... Leukodystrophic or dysmyelinating disorders: *CNS neuropathies such as those produced by vitamin B12 deficiency ... Demyelinating diseases/disorders have been found worldwide in various animals. Some of these animals include mice, pigs, cattle ...
Some investigators refer to this disorder as Reye-Johnson syndrome, although it is more commonly called Reye syndrome. In 1979 ... showed that the majority of the surviving patients had various metabolic disorders, particularly a fatty-acid oxidation ... disorder medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency.[11] Aspirin[edit]. There is an association between taking aspirin for ...
It is also used to diagnose sleep disorders, depth of anesthesia, coma, encephalopathies, and brain death. EEG used to be a ... "slow-wave sleep". Stages I-IV comprise non-REM (or "NREM") sleep. The EEG in REM (rapid eye movement) sleep appears somewhat ... The EEG is used along with other measurements (EOG, EMG) to define sleep stages in polysomnography. Stage I sleep (equivalent ... Stage II sleep is characterized by sleep spindles - transient runs of rhythmic activity in the 12-14 Hz range (sometimes ...
2005). The Gale Encyclopedia of Neurological Disorders. Detroit: Thomson Gale. pp. 1859-70. ISBN 978-0-7876-9150-9. .. ... "Post-Polio Syndrome Fact Sheet: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)". Archived from the original on ...
sleep disorders. *Hypersomnia. *Insomnia. *Parasomnia *REM sleep behavior disorder. *Night terror. *Nightmare ... A spinal cord injury or chronic fatigue syndrome might also occasionally cause this disorder.[2] Age may also be a cause of ... Sexual anhedonia, also known as pleasure dissociative orgasmic disorder, is a condition in which an individual cannot feel ... It is thought that people who suffer from this disorder, suffer from a dysfunction in the release of the chemical dopamine in ...
sleep disorders. *Hypersomnia. *Insomnia. *Parasomnia *REM sleep behavior disorder. *Night terror. *Nightmare ... depressive disorders, toxic states, paresis, alcohol use disorders and factitious disorders.[2] Ganser syndrome can sometimes ... According to F.A. Whitlock, Ganser syndrome is a hysterical disorder, on par with Ganser's description of the disorder.[1] ... The sources that classify the syndrome as a dissociative disorder[6] or a factitious disorder, conflict in their proposed ...
sleep disorders. *(Nonorganic hypersomnia. *Nonorganic insomnia). *Parasomnia. *(REM sleep behavior disorder. *Night terror ... In neurotic disorders, 14% of the population experienced anxiety disorders, comorbidity disorders were the next common mental ... See also: Mental disorder § Prevention. Mental health is conventionally defined as a hybrid of absence of a mental disorder and ... Prevention of a disorder at a young age may significantly decrease the chances that a child will suffer from a disorder later ...
sleep disorders. *Hypersomnia. *Insomnia. *Parasomnia *REM sleep behavior disorder. *Night terror. *Nightmare ... She refused to sleep with the impostor, locked her bedroom and door at night, asked her son for a gun, and finally fought with ... Capgras delusion is a psychiatric disorder in which a person holds a delusion that a friend, spouse, parent, or other close ... The Psychiatric, Psychogenic and Somatopsychic Disorders Handbook. Garden City, NY: Medical Examination. pp. 97-8. ISBN 0-87488 ...
sleep disorders. *(Nonorganic hypersomnia. *Nonorganic insomnia). *Parasomnia. *(REM sleep behavior disorder. *Night terror ... This helps to differentiate schizophrenia from other mental disorders, such as bipolar disorder.[4] ... Paranoid schizophrenia is the most common type of schizophrenia.[1][2] Schizophrenia is defined as "a chronic mental disorder ... Bleuler thought that the disorder caused a person to no longer be able to function mentally due to a lack of mental ...
sleep disorders. *Hypersomnia. *Insomnia. *Parasomnia *REM sleep behavior disorder. *Night terror. *Nightmare ... Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders *^ American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of ... but they are more prevalent in three mental disorders: paranoid schizophrenia, delusional disorder (persecutory type), and ... Mental disorders are very well fixed from Sigmund Freud time and cannot be interpreted according to the needs of certain law ...
sleep disorders. *(Nonorganic hypersomnia. *Nonorganic insomnia). *Parasomnia. *(REM sleep behavior disorder. *Night terror ... Associated disorders[edit]. A single manic episode, in the absence of secondary causes, (i.e., substance use disorder, ... Schizoaffective Disorder. 2007 September Mayo Clinic. Retrieved October 1, 2007.. *Schizoaffective Disorder. 2004 May. All ... In the ICD-10 there are several disorders with the manic syndrome: organic manic disorder (F06.30), mania without psychotic ...
sleep disorders. *Hypersomnia. *Insomnia. *Parasomnia *REM sleep behavior disorder. *Night terror. *Nightmare ... The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders - Clinical descriptions and diagnostic guidelines (PDF). Geneva: ... The disorder is listed in the 10th revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health ... The prominent characteristics of this form are disorganized behavior and speech (see formal thought disorder), including ...
sleep disorders. *(Nonorganic hypersomnia. *Nonorganic insomnia). *Parasomnia. *(REM sleep behavior disorder. *Night terror ... Specific learning disabilities include dyslexia and developmental coordination disorder and other disorders of psychological ... A specific learning disability is a classification including several disorders in which a person has difficulty learning in a ... Most definitions of ABI exclude neurodegenerative disorders.. People with a brain injury may have difficulty controlling, ...
Chronic circadian rhythm sleep disorders (CRSD)[edit]. In the management of circadian rhythm disorders such as delayed sleep ... Sleep disorder in Parkinson's disease[edit]. Light therapy has been trialed in treating sleep disorders experienced by patients ... Circadian rhythm sleep disorders and jet lag[edit]. Main article: Circadian rhythm sleep disorder ... 1.3.3 Circadian rhythm sleep disorders and jet lag * Chronic circadian rhythm sleep disorders (CRSD) ...
Sleep and connected disorder David J. Nutt; Sue Wilson (2008). Sleep disorders. Oxford Psychiatry Library. Oxford: Oxford ... ISBN 978-0-12-370624-9. Anxiety disorders David J. Nutt; James C. Ballenger (2003). Anxiety disorders. Oxford: Blackwell ... Clinician's manual on anxiety disorders and comorbid depression. London: Science Press. ISBN 978-1-85873-397-5. Other disorders ... Sleep. 32. Basel: Birkhäuser. pp. 699-700. doi:10.1007/978-3-7643-8561-3. ISBN 978-3-7643-8560-6. PMC 2675905. (PMC link is a 2 ...
Sleep Disorders. 2015: 734798. doi:10.1155/2015/734798. PMC 4699057. PMID 26798519. BaHammam AS, ALAnbay E, Alrajhi N, Olaish ... doi:10.1093/sleep/30.5.635. PMID 17552379. Atwood, Charles W. "Sleep and CPAP Adherence". Ask The Expert. National Sleep ... A sleep study at an accredited sleep lab is usually necessary before treatment can start. This is because the pressure settings ... Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the upper airway becomes narrow as the muscles relax naturally during sleep. This reduces ...
Ferini-Strambi L (2011). "Sleep disorders in multiple sclerosis". Sleep Disorders. Handb Clin Neurol. Handbook of Clinical ... The DSM-5 recognizes one chronic pain disorder, somatic symptom disorders. The criteria include pain lasting longer than six ... sleep-disordered breathing, opioid-induced hyperalgesia, physical dependence, addiction, abuse, and overdose. Alternative ... Sleep disturbance, and insomnia due to medication and illness symptoms are often experienced by those with chronic pain. These ...
ICD-10 classifies conversion disorder as a dissociative disorder[1] while DSM-IV classifies it as a somatoform disorder. ... Conversion disorder (CD), or functional neurologic symptom disorder, is a diagnostic category used in some psychiatric ... Conversion disorder was retained in DSM-5, but given the subtitle functional neurological symptom disorder. The new criteria ... Conversion disorder presents with symptoms that typically resemble a neurological disorder such as stroke, multiple sclerosis, ...
Circadian rhythms and sleep disorders. 243: 28-33. doi:10.1016/j.expneurol.2012.07.012. PMC 3514403. PMID 22849821.. ... "A novel BHLHE41 variant is associated with short sleep and resistance to sleep deprivation in humans". Sleep. 37 (8): 1327-36. ... doi:10.5665/sleep.3924. PMC 4096202. PMID 25083013.. *^ a b c Gorski JP, Price JL (2016). "Bone muscle crosstalk targets muscle ... in sleep homeostasis as they undergo a shorter duration of REM and non-REM sleep and recover more readily from sleep ...
... and sleep disorders. The NHLBI plans and directs research in the development and evaluation of interventions and devices ... related to prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation of patients suffering from such diseases and disorders. The Coordinating ...
... psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, ADHD or ADD; other sleep disorders; or school refusal. Practitioners of sleep ... There may be long delays of patients getting a correct diagnosis of this disorder. Delayed sleep phase disorder is often ... Dagan Y, Ayalon L (2005). "Case study: psychiatric misdiagnosis of non-24-hours sleep-wake schedule disorder resolved by ... and have often asked for better physician education on sleep disorders. Cluster headaches are often misdiagnosed, mismanaged, ...
... sleep disorders; pediatrics; radiology-imaging; social services; surgical services; therapy and rehabilitation; urology; and ...
They are medically indicated for the treatment of certain sleep disorders including excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) in ... a rare and often debilitating sleep disorder which currently has no official treatments approved by the Food and Drug ... American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM). September 2007.. *^ "What is SUNOSI® (solriamfetol) Treatment ? , SUNOSI® for ... "New Data Presented at World Sleep Congress Demonstrate Early Signs of Efficacy for TAK-925, a Selective Orexin Type-2 Receptor ...
Obstructive sleep apneaEdit. The short stops in breathing during the sleep are the mainstay of OSA. Other symptoms can be ... Oxycephaly, also known as turricephaly and high-head syndrome, is a type of cephalic disorder. This is a term sometimes used to ... Bannink N, Nout E, Wolvius EB, Hoeve HL, Joosten KF, Mathijssen IM (February 2010). "Obstructive sleep apnea in children with ... Findings include elevation of the intracranial pressure; obstructive sleep apnea (OSA); abnormalities in the skull base and ...
A lack of sleep has also been linked to type 2 diabetes.[34] Laboratory studies have linked short-term sleep deprivations to ... Nieto-Martínez, R; González-Rivas, JP; Medina-Inojosa, JR; Florez, H (22 November 2017). "Are Eating Disorders Risk Factors for ... Eating disorders may also interact with type 2 diabetes, with bulimia nervosa increasing the risk and anorexia nervosa ... "Does lack of sleep cause diabetes?". Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine. 78 (8): 549-58. doi:10.3949/ccjm.78a.10165. PMID ...
Disorders[edit]. Main article: Eating disorder. Physiologically, eating is generally triggered by hunger, but there are ... Orexin plays a greater role in controlling the relationship between eating and sleeping. Other peptides in the hypothalamus ... Eldredge, K. L.; Agras, W. S. (1994). "Weight and Shape Overconcern and Emotional Eating in Binge Eating Disorder". ... International Journal of Eating Disorders. 19 (1): 73-82. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-108X(199601)19:1,73::AID-EAT9,3.0.CO;2-T.. ...
... mood and sleep disturbances, muscular pain, abdominal pain, menstrual abnormalities, miscarriages, skin peeling, or hair loss.[ ... clotting factor deficiencies/platelet disorders, thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia, ...
Cushing H: The Pituitary Body and its Disorders: Clinical States Produced by Disorders of the Hypophysis Cerebra. Philadelphia ... sleep apnea, polycystic ovary syndrome, familial glucocorticoid resistance, and hyperthyroidism.[9] ... 2013). Pituitary Disorders: Diagnosis and Management. United Kingdom: Wiley-blackwell. p. xiv. ISBN 978-0-470-67201-3.. ... This combination of symptoms was not yet described by any medical disorder at the time.[3] However, Cushing was confident that ...
... reveals connection to various breathing disorders, such as Rett syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea. AIH leads to persistent ... Rett Syndrome Sleep Apnea Control of respiration Ventral respiratory group Smith JC, Ellenberger HH, Ballanyi K, Richter DW, ...
... but are part of normal physiology and are opposite to patho-physiological effects of severe sleep apnea hypoxia. There are a ... an emerging drug-free treatment for a wide range of degenerative disorders and for simulated altitude training used to achieve ...
Psychophysiology: Sleep and sleep disorders (F51 and G47 / 307.4 and 327) ... "Another Reason the City Never Sleeps: More Bedbugs.". *New York Times, 27 November 2005: "Just Try to Sleep Tight. The Bedbugs ... "Sleep Tight, and Don't Let ... Oh Just Forget About It". *Dermatology Online Journal, Vol. 5, No. 1, May 1999: Cimex ...
Personality disorders such as borderline personality disorder, dependent personality disorder, and antisocial personality ... Rosa RR, Bonnet MH (2000). "Reported chronic insomnia is independent of poor sleep as measured by electroencephalography". ... Dissociative disorders such as dissociative identity disorder, dissociative amnesia, and depersonalization disorder. ... "gender identity disorder", making it clear that they no longer consider the gender identity to be disordered, but rather the ...
This gives the mucosa a chance to recover, while wearing a denture during sleep is often likened to sleeping in one's shoes. In ... Endocrine disorders, e.g., diabetes (when poorly controlled). Presence of certain other mucosal lesions, especially those that ... Denture wearing and poor denture hygiene, particularly wearing the denture continually rather than removing it during sleep, is ... and leaving them out of the mouth during sleep. ...
Podiatric medicine is the study of, diagnosis, and medical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle, lower limb, hip and lower ... change in sleep quality, fevers, lumps and bumps? etc.), followed by questions on the body's main organ systems (heart, lungs, ... Podiatric medicine is the study of, diagnosis, and medical & surgical treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle, lower limb, ... Sexual medicine is concerned with diagnosing, assessing and treating all disorders related to sexuality. ...
... stereotyped patterns of movements and occurrence during sleep.[16] Next, an exclusion of factitious disorder (a subconscious ... PNES fall under the category of disorders known as Functional Neurological Disorders (FND) also known as conversion disorders. ... "Factitious disorders and malingering in relation to functional neurologic disorders". Functional Neurologic Disorders. Handbook ... "Somatic Symptom and Related Disorders", Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, American Psychiatric Association ...
Acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans (ACA) is a chronic skin disorder observed primarily in Europe among the elderly.[39] ACA ... As a precaution, CDC recommends soaking or spraying clothes, shoes, and camping gear such as tents, backpacks and sleeping bags ... sleep disturbances, muscle pains, and concentration disturbances. Lingering disabling symptoms included facial palsy and other ... and often accompanied by extreme sleep disturbance.[32][34] Mononeuritis multiplex is an inflammation causing similar symptoms ...
... spatial orientation disorders), personality or emotional changes, hemiparesis, hypoesthesia, aphasia, ataxia, visual field ... headache causing awakening from sleep, new headache in the older population, progressively worsening headache, atypical ...
Other psychological risk factors include sleep and eating disorders, gender-disturbed sexual identity, hysteria, and even ...
Sleep apnea. Sleep disorder where breathing starts/stops, a lot of times the person will snore. More common. Less common. ... Coffin-Lowry syndrome is a genetic disorder that is X-linked dominant and which causes severe mental problems sometimes ... A condition is considered X-linked if the gene that causes the disorder is located on the X chromosome (one of the two sex ... "Coffin Lowry Syndrome - NORD (National Organization for Rare Disorders)". Retrieved February 2, 2017.. ...
Jerry Shapiro (12 November 2012). Hair Disorders: Current Concepts in Pathophysiology, Diagnosis and Management, An Issue of ... Albert J. Stunkard; Andrew Baum (1989). Eating, Sleeping, and Sex. Psychology Press. pp. 209-. ISBN 978-0-8058-0280-1.. ... J. Horsky; J. Presl (6 December 2012). Ovarian Function and its Disorders: Diagnosis and Therapy. Springer Science & Business ... Ricardo Azziz (8 November 2007). Androgen Excess Disorders in Women. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 382-. ISBN 978-1- ...
Many diseases affecting the kidney are systemic disorders not limited to the organ itself, and may require special treatment. ... and disorders of acid/base or electrolytes. ... Sleep medicine. *Sports medicine. *Transplantation medicine. * ...
Currently there are efforts under way at NIOSH to help reduce the incidence of preventable disorders (e.g., sleep apnea) among ... Musculoskeletal disorders[edit]. Main article: Musculoskeletal disorders. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) involve injury and ... Mental disorder[edit]. Main article: Mental disorder. Research has found that psychosocial workplace factors are among the risk ... Personality disorders[edit]. Main article: Personality disorder. Depending on the diagnosis, severity and individual, and the ...
... "eschews disorder".[81] In Wat Phra Dhammakaya, ceremonies are commonly held on Sundays rather than the traditional lunar ... and chanting Buddhist texts before sleeping.[83] Students were also encouraged to lead Kathina ceremonies in local temples.[ ...
Sleep habits and susceptibility to the common cold,url=,journal=Arch. Intern. Med.,language=en,volume=169,issue=1,pages=62-67, ... curlie,Health/Conditions_and_Diseases/Respiratory_Disorders/Common_Cold/}}. {{Medical condition classification and resources. ...
... and normal-weight children with sleep-disordered breathing". Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. 142 (4): 516-9. doi:10.1016/ ... 2012). "Circulating phospholipase-A2 activity in obstructive sleep apnea". International Journal of Pediatric ...
It induced a state of deep and prolonged sleep. But this was not used for long because of adverse side effects.[1] ... studies have shown that alprazolam and adinazolam have antidepressant activities in patients with major depressive disorder. ... Within 30 years, many other barbiturates were developed and found use as sedatives, sleep aids and general anesthetics. ... It was discovered by accident when given to epileptic patients to help them sleep. The positive side effects were ...
Wolkove, N.; Elkholy, O.; Baltzan, M.; Palayew, M. (2007). "Sleep and aging: 2. Management of sleep disorders in older people ... Merlino, G. (2005). "Sleep disorders in patients with end-stage renal disease undergoing dialysis therapy". Nephrology Dialysis ... 39,0 39,1 Ulfberg, J (2004). "The legacy of Karl-Axel Ekbom". Sleep Medicine 5 (3): 223-4. doi:10.1016/j.sleep.2004.04.002. ... Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder-Other Disorders Associated with ADHD, University of Maryland Medical Center. ...
The histamine H3 receptor: an attractive target for the treatment of cognitive disorders. British Journal of Pharmacology. 2008 ... Differential effects of acute and repeat dosing with the H3 antagonist GSK189254 on the sleep-wake cycle and narcoleptic ...
Effects of exogenous melatonin on sleep: a meta-analysis. Sleep Medicine Reviews. 9, 41-50 ... Gelfand, A. A., & Goadsby, P. J. (2016). The role of melatonin in the treatment of primary headache disorders. Headache: The ... Arendt, R. (2009) Managing jet lag: Some of the problems and possible new solutions. Sleep medicin Reviews. 13 (4): 249-256 ...
And one may sleep well if, during the day, too much kat has not been chewed. The leaves of the drug called kat are the chief ... health suggested that there was a need for better research on khat-chewing and its possible link with psychiatric disorders; it ...
Experimentally induced disorders. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations ... The physiology of micturition and the physiologic basis of its disorders are subjects about which there is much confusion, ...
"What is dermatopathology? Diagnosing disorders of the skin - David Geffen School of Medicine - Los Angeles, CA". medschool.ucla ... Laser therapy - for both the management of birth marks, skin disorders (like vitiligo), tattoo removal, and cosmetic ... and other immune-mediated skin disorders.[21] Specialists in this field often run their own immunopathology labs.[citation ... may present with features of common skin disorders such as urticaria, eczema and chronic itch. Therefore, the diagnosis of an ...
Panic disorder. Moclobemide is useful in the treatment and management of panic disorder.[43] Panic disorder is mentioned as an ... sleep and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep.[8] There have been conflicting findings with regard to moclobemide altering cortisol ... Tiller JW, Bouwer C, Behnke K (October 1997). "Moclobemide for anxiety disorders: a focus on moclobemide for panic disorder". ... Bipolar disorder (although it seems less likely than imipramine to cause a manic switch[34]) ...
Sleep consultants and Sleep Therapists from Dallas , Texas, Pennsylvania, California, Philadelphia, New York, Spain, UK, France ... Even though there is no evidence that sleep disorders are a cause of psychiatric disorders. But sleep and psychiatric disorders ... Even though there is no evidence that sleep disorders are a cause of psychiatric disorders. But sleep and psychiatric disorders ... conventional sleep medicine and sleep therapy and exciting innovations in every area of Sleep Disorders and Advanced Sleep ...
... such as sleep apnea and insomnia, are more common than most people realize. ... Sleep disorders. Sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea and insomnia, are more common than most people realize. See your doctor ... For more information about sleep disorders and sleep, see Your Guide to Healthy Sleepexternal icon ... If you have an untreated sleep disorder, you will be at higher risk for causing a fatigue-related injury or error when working ...
Lack of Sleep May Increase Likelihood of Teens Engaging in Risky Behaviors. Teenagers who dont get enough sleep may be at an ... Im a Sleep Specialist. Heres How I Prepare My Two Teenagers for the First Day of School. Sleep deprivation has measurable ... Do Sleep and Psychological Distress Mediate the Association Between Neighborhood Factors and Pain?. Understanding how sleep ... Early school start times make it difficult for teens to get sufficient sleep. A RAND sleep expert shares how she helps her ...
Learn about sleep disorders, treatments, and good sleep habits. ... Getting a good sleep is vital to your health, but many ... The symptoms of sleep disorders depend on the specific disorder. Some signs that you may have a sleep disorder include that ... What are sleep disorders?. Sleep disorders are conditions that disturb your normal sleep patterns. There are more than 80 ... What are the treatments for sleep disorders?. Treatments for sleep disorders depend on which disorder you have. They may ...
How do you know if you have a sleep disorder? Here youll find information on the risks of developing a sleep disorder in ... Keeping a Sleep Diary Learn about your sleep patterns and habits by keeping a daily sleep diary. It may be key to helping you ... Do You Get Good Sleep? This interactive assessment will help you assess your sleep habits and sleep quality, and provide tips ... Good Sleep Habits Getting a good nights sleep is key to performing at your best during the day. Find out how to get the amount ...
Find a Sleep Center If you are having trouble sleeping or are feeling sleepy much of the time, you may have a sleep disorder. ... What is Sleep Apnea? Sleep apnea is a common disorder in which you have pauses in breathing or shallow breaths while you sleep ... Interactive Sleep Quiz Forty million Americans suffer from sleep disorders. Take this 10-question sleep quiz to find out more ... Sleep Apnea If you snore loudly and feel tired even after a full nights sleep, you may have sleep apnea, a potentially serious ...
National Center on Sleep Disorders Research: (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Institutes of Health): https ... American Sleep Apnea Association: icon. Circadian Sleep Disorders Network: http://www. ... General Sleep Information. Sleep Education (from the American Academy of Sleep Medicine): ... American Academy of Sleep Medicine: icon. Sleep Research Society: http://www. ...
A sleep disorder, or somnipathy, is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person or animal. Some sleep disorders are ... a disorder of circadian rhythms. Other such disorders are advanced sleep phase disorder (ASPD), non-24-hour sleep-wake disorder ... Shift work sleep disorder (SWSD), a situational circadian rhythm sleep disorder. (Jet lag was previously included as a ... Sleep disorders are broadly classified into dyssomnias, parasomnias, circadian rhythm sleep disorders involving the timing of ...
Health Information on Sleep Disorders: MedlinePlus Multiple Languages Collection ... Sleep Disorders: MedlinePlus Health Topic - English Problemas del sueño: Tema de salud de MedlinePlus - español (Spanish) ... Common Sleep Problems - 简体中文 (Chinese, Simplified (Mandarin dialect)) Bilingual PDF ... Common Sleep Problems - 繁體中文 (Chinese, Traditional (Cantonese dialect)) Bilingual PDF ...
PM is a patented medical food designed specifically for the dietary management of the altered metabolic processes of sleep ... Natural Options for Sleep Disorders * 1. •Non-Addictive •Improve Sleep Latency •Improve Restorative Sleep •Improve Autonomic ... Impact on sleep in healthy subjects and patients with obsessive- compulsive disorder. Adv Exp Med Biol 1999;467:35-42. 29. ... The use of Sentra PM in the management of sleep disorders associated with fibromyalgia, depression, and PTSD is supported by ...
Sleep disturbances in the elderly may not be a result of the aging process per se, but rather are likely caused by many factors ... Obstructive Sleep Apnea Sleep Apnea Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Sleep Disorder Main Drug Interaction These keywords ... Other factors that cause disturbances include a high prevalence of specific sleep disorders such as sleep disordered breathing ... Bamford CR: Carbamazepine in REM sleep behavior disorder. Sleep 1993, 16:33-34.PubMedGoogle Scholar ...
... including obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), are common in children and can result in significant health problems if left ... AAP-Recommendations-for-Childhood-Sleep-Disorders > About the AAP > News Room > AAP Recommendations for Childhood Sleep ... , English , About the AAP , News Room , AAP Recommendations for Childhood Sleep Disorders ... AAP Recommendations for Childhood Sleep Disorders. 8/27/2012 For Release: August 27, 2012 Article Body ...
... markers for Alzheimers disease in the spinal fluid of people who report poor sleep quality or who have trouble sleeping. ... Researchers have linked sleep disorders to increased risk of Alzheimers.. Insufficient sleep is a major public health issue, ... "sleep or wakefulness disorder," and they warn of the wide range of health problems that such disorders can trigger. ... New research suggests that Alzheimers disease is yet another condition that may be caused by sleep disorders.. ...
... symptoms and causes of sleep disorders, including sleep apnea, insomnia and body-clock disorders. See why the OHSU Sleep ... Sleep and Sleep Disorders, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. *Sleep Science and Sleep Disorders, National Heart, Lung ... What are sleep disorders?. Sleep disorders are conditions that disrupt your ability to get enough high-quality sleep. The ... Sleep Disorders: In Depth, National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health *Sleep Disorders, American Sleep ...
... she never suspected that a little-understood sleep disorder was about to turn her life into a waking nightmare. ... Narcolepsy? I knew the disorder had something to do with sleep, but as I read more, the condition described me perfectly: ... When mystifying bouts of fatigue began striking one law student, she never suspected that a little-understood sleep disorder ... People with narcolepsy lack a brain chemical that controls sleep patterns, and when we drift off, we go directly into REM sleep ...
I sleep well at night-about seven hours, dont drink or smoke and am refreshed in the morning. Can anyone shed light on this? ... I had a sleep test 6 years ago due to excessive daytime sleepiness. The finding was narcolepsy and restless leg. Nuvigal and ... I had a sleep test 6 years ago due to excessive daytime sleepiness. The finding was narcolepsy and restless leg. Nuvigal and ... You need to undergo tests like Polysomnography, Multiple Sleep Latency Test and CSF levels of Orexin/Hypocretin which help to ...
Obstructive Sleep Apnea May Speed Up Aging, Especially in Women Sleep disordered breathing linked to accelerated epigenetic ... Preoperative sleep study identified patients at risk for severe obstructive sleep apnea ... Sleep Deprivation Ups Mental Health Risk in College Kids Dose-response relationship not accounted for by insomnia and/or ... Poor Sleep Quality Tied to Higher COPD Exacerbation Study shows elevated risk in patients with previously diagnosed and ...
More Sleep Problems in Kids With Autism, Other Developmental Disorders Rate twice that in children ages 3-5 in the general ... Bad Sleep and More Tau: Tied To Early Alzheimers? Impaired slow-wave sleep and more tau protein may be linked to early AD, ... PURE: Sleep Patterns Tied to CV and Mortality Risk Too much sleep affirmed as signalling risk; but study raises questions about ... Sleeping In in Seattle: Later Start Times Help Teens in School More sleep, better grades, less absenteeism after school start ...
40am in the morning and i dont sleepy usually i sleep at 7 0r 8am in the morning ... ... The sleep problems can be resolved by transferring from the night shift or by adopting a daily sleep routine that is consistent ... The sleep problems can be resolved by transferring from the night shift or by adopting a daily sleep routine that is consistent ... fashion show for the night i felt like it the same.i can shortcut it everytime i sleep i and im in the middle of my sleeping i ...
in: Health, Mental Health, Remedies, sleep, Sleep Disorders Posted by Amy Goodrich ... Sleep Disorders. * Pushback against smart meters continues to grow across the U.S.. ... in: anxiety relief, Big Pharma, Harmful medicine, Health, Medicine, Mental Health, Sleep Disorders Posted by Amy Goodrich ... in: Culture & Society, Science & Tech, Sleep Disorders, Technology Posted by D. Samuelson ...
... s sleep medicine and a practical manual for diagnosis and management of sleep disorders in children. An overview of the most ... frequent sleep disorders encountered in newborns, infants, children and adolescents is provided. This book discusses the main ... Includes chapters on ontogenesis of sleep, emergence of pediatric sleep medicine and epidemiology of childhood sleep disorders ... epidemiology of sleep disorders, and diagnostic procedures. The second part describes the most frequent sleep disorders in ...
Explore the symptoms, causes, tests and treatments of sleep disorders. ... Learn about the different types of sleep disorders such as insomnia and sleep apnea. ... Symptoms of Sleep Disorders. Symptoms of sleep disorders vary depending on the type of sleep disorder. The symptoms may range ... Sleep Disorders in Children. Sleep disorders do affect children and adolescents. Even infants can experience sleep disorders. ...
... bedbugs and pinworms are among the insects and parasites that may be disturbing your childs sleep. Learn how to keep them out ... If your child sleeps with a light on or if theres a light right outside the window, it will attract moths. Once the light is ... All cause severe itching and can disturb sleep. They can be eradicated with the use of creams from your doctor or drugstore. ... Pinworms can cause intense itching around the anus that can become severe enough to disturb a childs sleep. If one person in ...
This disorder is considered to be a parasomnia, and is characterized by the perce... ... Sleep Eating Sleep eating, also called Sleep-Related Eating Disorder, is considered a parasomnia where people get up in the ... Sleep Talking Sleep talking occurs during sleep without the person being aware of it. Sleep talking can involve complete ... though some sighted people also have this disorder. It can shift your sleep-wake cycle, which causes poorer quality of sleep. ...
Interest in and treatment of sleep disturbances in youth continues to increase, but research continues to lag. ... Pediatric sleep disorders represent highly common phenomena that often interfere with daily patient and family functioning. ... Advanced Sleep-Wake Phase Disorder (ASWPD), Delayed Sleep-Wake Phase Disorder (DSWPD), Non-24-Hour Sleep-Wake Rhythm Disorder ( ... encoded search term (Pediatric Sleep Disorders) and Pediatric Sleep Disorders What to Read Next on Medscape ...
Sadly not all of us get the privilege of sleeping peacefully during the night. There are ample reasons ... ... What sleep disorders can be treated with chiropractic care?. Both common and serious sleep disorders can be treated with ... Chiropractic care has been used for ages to help people recover from sleep disorders. As per the National Sleep Foundation, ... There are ample reasons why people suffer from sleep disorders. Lack of sleep, in such people, can cause several problems ...
Inadequate or nonrestorative sleep can markedly impair a patients quality of life. ... Sleep disorders are among the most common clinical problems encountered in medicine and psychiatry. ... encoded search term (Sleep-Wake Disorders) and Sleep-Wake Disorders What to Read Next on Medscape. Related Conditions and ... Sleep-Wake Disorders Differential Diagnoses. Updated: Aug 21, 2019 * Author: Roy H Lubit, MD, PhD; Chief Editor: Ana Hategan, ...
Insomnia or sleep disorder is known as difficulty in getting sufficient sleep or difficulty in having a good sound sleep. The ... Following a sleep regime can help treat slumbers disorders in a natural way. A sleep disorder is the sign of severe ... Insomnia or lack of sleep is called sleep disorder. Insomnia disease affects both the quality and quantity of sleep. The ... "Insomnia and Sleep Disorders". If you have expertise in Insomnia and Sleep Disorders and your own website and/or product for ...
... better sleeping mod, biological cause of major depressive disorder, blown head gasket noises, ringing noise in ears when quiet ... Insomnia includes a wide range of sleeping disorders, from lack of quality of sleep to lack of quantity of sleep.. Although ... Psychological issues: people with mood disorders, such as bipolar disorder or depression, as well as anxiety disorders or ... Respiratory Disorders, Sleep Disorders, Strain, stress. According to the National Institutes of Health1, the majority of ...
... a breathing disorder that causes frequent sleep disturbances, often feel tired and unfocused during the day. But that may not ... be the only fallout: New research suggests the disorder also dramatically increases the risk of depression. ... Sleep apnea and related problems occur when the airway becomes blocked during sleep, restricting breathing. The disorder can be ... People with sleep apnea, a breathing disorder that causes frequent sleep disturbances, often feel tired and unfocused during ...
  • Others are sleep apnea, narcolepsy and hypersomnia (excessive sleepiness at inappropriate times), sleeping sickness (disruption of sleep cycle due to infection), sleepwalking, and night terrors. (
  • Idiopathic hypersomnia, a primary, neurologic cause of long-sleeping, sharing many similarities with narcolepsy. (
  • Narcolepsy is a frequent disorder: it is the second leading cause of excessive daytime sleepiness diagnosed by sleep centers after obstructive sleep apnea. (
  • Narcolepsy (NAR-ko-lep-see) is a disorder that causes a person to have difficulty staying awake. (
  • Some common sleep disorders include sleep apnea (stops in breathing during sleep), narcolepsy and hypersomnia (excessive sleepiness at inappropriate times), cataplexy (sudden and transient loss of muscle tone while awake), and sleeping sickness (disruption of sleep cycle due to infection). (
  • Classical narcolepsy constitutes of Hypnagogic hallucinations, Sleep paralysis and Cataplexy which is not seen in your case. (
  • Her main interest is focused on narcolepsy and childhood sleep disorders. (
  • Atypical presentations, snoring associated with daytime somnolence, behavioral-emotional problems, apneic or hypopneic episodes, suspicion of narcolepsy, abnormal and disruptive movements in sleep, unexplained or recalcitrant sleep difficulties, or daytime sleepiness indicate a need for sleep studies (see Workup). (
  • Sleep disorders such as insomnia and narcolepsy also may be associated with and influence cluster headaches. (
  • In case if you suffer from excessive sleepiness or narcolepsy, shift work sleep disorder then go with this medicines. (
  • Narcolepsy involves abruptly falling into a deep sleep at an inappropriate time, for example while talking, eating or driving. (
  • As with some other sleep disorders, there is no cure for narcolepsy, but lifestyle changes and certain treatments, like stimulants , SSRIs , tricyclic antidepressants , or sodium oxybate ( Xyrem ) may be helpful. (
  • A study in Finland has found that children vaccinated against the H1N1 swine flu virus with Pandemrix were more likely to develop the sleep disorder narcolepsy. (
  • Markku Partinen of the Helsinki Sleep Clinic and Hanna Nohynek of the National Institute for Health and Welfare in Finland, also collected vaccination and childhood narcolepsy data for children born between January 1991 and December 2005. (
  • The UCSF Sleep Disorders Center offers a comprehensive range of services and treatments for conditions such as sleep apnea, insomnia, periodic limb movements, restless legs syndrome, narcolepsy and snoring. (
  • The most common sleep disorders include insomnia , sleep apnea, narcolepsy , restless legs syndrome (RLS), and circadian rhythm sleep disorders often triggered by shift work or jet lag. (
  • Our board-certified sleep specialists, including Sunita Kumar, MD, help patients with a range of conditions such as narcolepsy, insomnia, shift work disorder and sleep apnea. (
  • Other common sleep disorders include sleep apnea (loud snoring caused by an obstructed airway), sleepwalking, and narcolepsy (falling asleep spontaneously). (
  • This is a specific test for narcolepsy and other related sleep disorders such as idiopathic hypersomnia. (
  • This is because my mom struggled with a sleep disorder called narcolepsy for some time. (
  • Sleep Related Breathing Disorders or Movement Disorders & Narcolepsy are in the Dx differential for what? (
  • Medication management of insomnia, restless leg syndrome, narcolepsy and sleep schedule problems. (
  • Sleep disorders may include insomnia and other sleeping disorders such as sleep apnoea, narcolepsy, restless leg syndrome, sleep terror disorder, and REM behaviour disorder. (
  • Sleep apnea, obstructive sleep apnea, obstruction of the airway during sleep, causing lack of sufficient deep sleep, often accompanied by snoring. (
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a medical disorder that is caused by repetitive collapse of the upper airway (back of the throat) during sleep. (
  • Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy is the most widely used and most effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea. (
  • The treatment of choice for obstructive sleep apnea is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). (
  • Sleep disturbances, including obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), are common in children and can result in significant health problems if left untreated. (
  • In a revised clinical practice guideline, " Diagnosis and Management of Childhood Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome ," published in the September 2012 Pediatrics (published online August 27), the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that all children or adolescents who snore regularly be screened for OSAS. (
  • For instance, the researchers found no association between spinal fluid biological markers and obstructive sleep apnea . (
  • The study estimated that among adults ages 30 to 70, about 13% of men (about one in eight) and about 6% of women (about one in 17) had moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea. (
  • Lumeng JC, Chervin RD. Epidemiology of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea. (
  • Also known as Obstructive Sleep Apnea, the condition is the most common problem faced by people. (
  • Mortality‐risk‐based apnea-hypopnea index thresholds for diagnostics of obstructive sleep apnea. (
  • The relationship between obstructive sleep apnea, which is the most common sleep disorder, and cluster headache is discussed in detail. (
  • Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the tissue in the back of the throat collapses completely blocking the airway. (
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is treated using continuous positive airway pressure. (
  • We host an educational support group for people with obstructive sleep apnea and their families. (
  • The UCSF AWAKE ('Alert, Well And Keeping Energetic') Obstructive Sleep Apnea Support Group is for people with this sleep and breathing disorder. (
  • People with obstructive sleep apnea who haven't found relief may benefit from a new pacemaker-like device that keeps the airway open during sleep. (
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea (osa) is a blockage in the nasal passage obstructing proper breathing. (
  • OSA stands for Obstructive Sleep Apnea-you can find out about it on the internet.A sleep study would tell if you have it. (
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is caused by a physical obstruction that blocks the upper airway. (
  • Identify common signs and symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea in men and women. (
  • Discuss the cardiovascular and neurologic sequelae of obstructive sleep apnea. (
  • Explain how obstructive sleep apnea causes cardiometabolic dysfunction. (
  • Recommend CPAP therapy and lifestyle interventions appropriately in the management of obstructive sleep apnea. (
  • Identify risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea. (
  • Manage obstructive sleep apnea in a child. (
  • Central Sleep Apnea, Hypoventilation, Obstructive Sleep Apnea are all this type of Sleep Disorder. (
  • What is 'Sleep Disruption' caused by in Obstructive Sleep Apnea? (
  • BiPAP is used for treatment of obstructive sleep apnea as well as for patients who require some breathing assistance. (
  • CPAP is the first line treatment for obstructive sleep apnea. (
  • This collection features the best content from AFP , as identified by the AFP editors, on sleep disorders in children and related issues, including enuresis, insomnia, nightmares and dreaming disorders, obstructive sleep apnea, sleepwalking, and sudden infant death syndrome. (
  • Are you looking for ways to treat Obstructive Sleep Apnea? (
  • Researchers found that a total of 37.2 percent of firefighters screened positive for sleep disorders including obstructive sleep apnea, insomnia, shift work disorder and restless leg syndrome. (
  • Impact of sleep disturbances is increasingly focused in the society with regard to traffic safety where accidents can be related to reduce mental concentration due to sleepiness . (
  • I knew the disorder had something to do with sleep, but as I read more, the condition described me perfectly: sleepiness, muscle weakness, even the vivid dreams that I sometimes couldn't tell from reality - all were symptoms. (
  • I had a sleep test 6 years ago due to excessive daytime sleepiness. (
  • useful in excessive daytime sleepiness or increased sleep attack. (
  • This book discusses the main sleep disorders in detail, including insomnia, respiratory disturbances, movement disorders during sleep, circadian rhythm disorders, parasomnias, and disorders associated with increased sleepiness. (
  • The symptoms may range from mild to severe and usually include one or more of the following: hypersomnia (excessive daytime sleepiness), insomnia (decreased sleep efficiency with unrestful sleep with frequent waking up in the night), loud snoring and/or brief pauses in breathing (short periods of apnea), leg movements or an urge to move the legs at night, sleepwalking, or night terrors (nightmares). (
  • Sleep disorders and daytime sleepiness may be caused by an unhealthy, fat-laden diet. (
  • In addition to insomnia , people with psychiatric disorders have other sleep problems , including sleepiness during the day, fatigue , and nightmares . (
  • Despite the fact that fragmented nighttime sleep leads to chronic fatigue, daytime sleepiness is one of the most ignored signs of sleep apnea. (
  • In our society, we are so used to shorting our sleep that a feeling of sleepiness is very common," says Dan Root, board-certified sleep physician and founder of Oregon Sleep Associates. (
  • An instrument to measure functional status outcomes for disorders of excessive sleepiness. (
  • Sleep apnoea is characterised by heavy snoring at night which then leads to sleepiness or fatigue during the day. (
  • Nearly one-quarter of all workers have shifts that are not during the daytime, and more than two-thirds of these workers have problem sleepiness and/or difficulty sleeping. (
  • Like other sleep disorders, sleep apnea can cause excessive daytime sleepiness and fatigue , as well as various cognitive impairments. (
  • In patients with poor quality sleep or daytime sleepiness, the first step toward a better night's sleep is a comprehensive evaluation by a Cleveland Clinic Sleep Disorders specialist. (
  • The multiple sleep latency test (MSLT) is a daytime test to assess the degree of sleepiness of a child following an overnight sleep study. (
  • Is a persistent sleepiness despite having adequate sleep periods. (
  • Although most sleep studies are performed overnight, your sleep physician may recommend a study during the day to assess daytime sleepiness. (
  • Insomnia disorder (primary insomnia), chronic difficulty in falling asleep and/or maintaining sleep when no other cause is found for these symptoms. (
  • What are the symptoms of sleep disorders? (
  • The symptoms of sleep disorders depend on the specific disorder. (
  • Additional symptoms can include labored breathing during sleep, disturbed sleep with frequent gasps, snorts or pauses, and daytime learning problems. (
  • Symptoms of sleep disorders vary depending on the type of sleep disorder. (
  • The National Sleep Foundation2 informs that between 30% and 40% of American adults say they have had some symptoms of insomnia within the previous 12 months, and 10% to 15% of adults claim to have chronic insomnia. (
  • The picture was even worse among women: A sleep apnea diagnosis increased the risk of depression symptoms fivefold. (
  • Sleep disruption, particularly insomnia, can be a risk factor for developing depression, and a lot of symptoms of people who have sleep apnea -- they feel lousy, they can't think straight -- are similar to symptoms people have in depression. (
  • The researchers investigated whether the links between infant sleep and mental disorders in teenagers could be mediated by symptoms of depression in children aged 10 years. (
  • They found that depression mediated the links between childhood sleep problems and the onset of psychosis in adolescents, but this mediation was not observed in BPD, suggesting the existence of a direct association between sleep problems and BPD symptoms. (
  • Morales-Muñoz I, Broome MR, Marwaha S. Association of Parent-Reported Sleep Problems in Early Childhood With Psychotic and Borderline Personality Disorder Symptoms in Adolescence. (
  • A sleep disorder can be caused by restlessness and nausea caused by alcohol withdrawal symptoms. (
  • Individuals suffering from alcohol withdrawal symptoms are often found struggling with acute sleep deprivation. (
  • Although these medicines are not meant for alleviating alcohol withdrawal symptoms, have an active mechanism for inducing quality slumbers and treat severe sleep disturbances. (
  • Alcohol withdrawal symptoms can cause chronic sleep disorders . (
  • Symptoms usually begin between 10 and 25 years of age, and include cataplexy , sleep paralysis , and hallucinations (while falling asleep or awakening). (
  • Know the signs and symptoms of sleep apnea. (
  • If your partner notices difficulty breathing during your sleep, or if your breathing is stopping altogether, "you may want to discuss your symptoms with a physician," Twery says. (
  • Sleeping too much or too little sleep are symptoms of depression or could be caused by depression. (
  • Any type of sleep disorder has been shown to worsen the symptoms of depression . (
  • Check the symptoms here that describe how you sleep. (
  • Do you or someone you know suffer from any of these common sleep disorder symptoms? (
  • Variation in symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing with race and ethnicity: The Sleep Heart Health Study. (
  • Symptoms: difficulty falling asleep, staying asleep, or non-restorative sleep, lasts for at least 1 month, causes significant distress and or impairment in functioning, not related to other sleep disorder, substance use or other medical condition. (
  • Here are some very common symptoms caused by a severe lack of sleep .I had insomnia for many years so I could identify with many of the problems related to not sleeping . (
  • But sleep medication won't cure the problem or address the underlying symptoms-in fact, it can often make sleep problems worse in the long term. (
  • Since sleep disorders can be both caused by and trigger emotional health problems such as anxiety, stress, and depression, therapy is an effective way of treating the underlying problem rather than just the symptoms, helping you develop healthy sleeping patterns for life. (
  • Since the causes and symptoms of sleep disorders vary considerably, CBT should always be tailored to your specific problems. (
  • If you're trying to cope with pain throughout your body, sleep problems, general fatigue, or other common fibromyalgia symptoms, you're in the right place. (
  • Now, I DO know that a lack of good sleep will cause FMS symptoms to worsen. (
  • These disorders can contribute to other medical problems, and some may also be symptoms for underlying mental health issues . (
  • More than 100 specific sleep disorders have been identified and today's classifications use complex methodologies to categorize these disorders based on causes, symptoms, physiological and psychological effects, and other criteria. (
  • Mixed insomnia is a hybrid condition characterized by sleep-onset and sleep maintenance insomnia symptoms. (
  • Despite the growth of sleep medicine in recent years, many unanswered questions remain about the causes of sleep disorders, the role of genetics, the social, psychological and medical consequences of sleep disorders and chronic sleep deprivation, as well as the legal issues surrounding sleep disorder symptoms. (
  • I've wondered if you guys have noticed a relationship between the amount of sleep you get and the intensity of your anxiety symptoms. (
  • 3 No listed author Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Symptoms of ADHD WebMD. (
  • Due to the overlap between psychiatric problems and neurodegenerative symptoms, psychiatrists are uniquely positioned to encounter aging patients with neurodegeneration and concurrent sleep disturbances. (
  • Fatal familial insomnia, an extremely rare genetic disorder that causes a complete cessation of sleep, leading quickly to death by sleep deprivation. (
  • Sleep deprivation has measurable negative effects on teens' behavior and health. (
  • We also can't deny the sleep deprivation that seems to be plaguing modern society. (
  • The detrimental effects of sleep deprivation range from productivity declines, to accidents and risky behaviors. (
  • Sleep deprivation and chronic sleep disorders are not well understood," said Brownstein, who directs the hospital's Computational Epidemiology Group. (
  • Experts say a number of factors can contribute to sleepwalking, including certain medications, stress and sleep deprivation. (
  • Sleep is the blissful state that rejuvenates our mind and body everyday and any deprivation often leads to a disorder that can affect our health. (
  • Co-author of the study John Brownstein explained: 'Sleep deprivation and chronic sleep disorders are not well understood. (
  • That top-down, inhibitory connection is severed in the condition of sleep deprivation. (
  • Sleep deprivation can become a serious problem that effects work and day to day functions. (
  • So what really causes sleep deprivation ? (
  • There are a variety of reasons one might have trouble falling asleep but in the cases of chronic insomnia here are some of most common causes of sleep deprivation. (
  • Find out what the major causes of sleep deprivation are according to webmd. (
  • Effects of Sleep Deprivation - Sleep Deprived Comas, Severe Hallucinations and More! (
  • Struggling with insomnia and sleep deprivation? (
  • Anxiety causes sleeping problems, and new research suggests sleep deprivation can cause an anxiety disorder. (
  • The insufficient rest or irregular sleep patterns, combined with the stress of the job, can lead to sleep deprivation and possible sleep disorders. (
  • Assess the association between sleep deprivation and obesity. (
  • Getting a good night's sleep is key to performing at your best during the day. (
  • This interactive assessment will help you assess your sleep habits and sleep quality, and provide tips for improving your night's rest. (
  • If you snore loudly and feel tired even after a full night's sleep, you may have sleep apnea, a potentially serious sleep disorder. (
  • Your first thought might be to use a sleeping pill, but there are many other options to help you get a good night's rest. (
  • People with untreated sleep apnea are still tired even after a full night's rest. (
  • Patients with sleep problems can follow some simple guidelines for a better night's sleep including: maintaining a regular sleep schedule and avoiding naps. (
  • Walker's team and collaborators from Harvard Medical School reached their conclusions, published in Current Biology, after studying 26 healthy students aged 24 to 31 after either an all-nighter or a full night's sleep. (
  • If you're suffering from a sleep disorder, therapy may be able to relax your mind, change your outlook, improve your daytime habits, and set you up for a good night's sleep. (
  • The details can be important, revealing how certain behaviors are ruining your chance for a good night's sleep. (
  • If you have a sleep disorder such as insomnia, you may perceive the obstacles that prevent you from getting a good night's sleep to be greater than they really are. (
  • Helping kids get a better night's sleep sometimes starts with managing their anxiety. (
  • Sleep disorders prevent a person from getting a full night's sleep, which results in depriving the body of much-needed time to recover both mentally and physically from the day's activities. (
  • Our center has been accredited by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, with certified experts dedicated to helping you return to a good night's rest. (
  • Make getting a good night's sleep a priority. (
  • But I think we all need to remember that our panic is MUCH more about our fear of what will happen if we don't get a full night's sleep - than the actual impact of losing sleep itself. (
  • A good night's sleep is essential for a child's growth and development. (
  • Dreaming of a decent night's sleep? (
  • Just another reason why it's important to get a good night's sleep. (
  • Now, new research published in Neurology reveals a link between sleep disturbances and biological markers for Alzheimer's disease. (
  • At present, she is the Vice-President of the Czech Sleep Society, and for a four-year period worked as the President of the Czech Society of Child Neurology. (
  • If it happens during REM sleep [the stage characterized by rapid eye movements], it could be associated with dreaming," said Dr. Mark Dyken, professor of neurology at the University of Iowa College of Medicine. (
  • Another difference was caffeine: Studies have suggested that people who drink coffee are less likely to develop Parkinson's, but the new study, published online on Wednesday in the journal Neurology , found no connection between coffee drinking and REM sleep behavior disorder. (
  • Accredited by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, Cleveland Clinic's Sleep Disorders Center is staffed by physicians specializing in sleep disorders from a variety of disciplines, including pediatrics, internal medicine, family medicine, neurology, pulmonary and critical care medicine, psychology, psychiatry, otolaryngology and family medicine. (
  • If sleep abnormalities begin this early in the course of human Alzheimer's disease, those changes could provide us with an easily detectable sign of pathology," said senior study author David M. Holtzman, professor and head of neurology at Washington, the journal Science Translational Medicine reported. (
  • The Department of Neurology has a Sleep clinic which evaluate patients with all types of sleep-related problems. (
  • Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD), acting out violent or dramatic dreams while in REM sleep, sometimes injuring bed partner or self (REM sleep disorder or RSD). (
  • Other factors that cause disturbances include a high prevalence of specific sleep disorders such as sleep disordered breathing (SDB), periodic limb movements during sleep (PLMS) and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD). (
  • Questionnaires and dream logs were used to evaluate the patients for nightmares and rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD), a condition in which muscle tone persists during REM sleep. (
  • One of the sleep maladies that 7/30/14 guest Dr. Robert Rosenberg has studied is called REM Behavior Disorder (RBD), in which people physically act out their dreams, often violent in nature. (
  • If talk becomes violent, that's a characteristic of a more serious disorder known as REM behavior disorder. (
  • REM behavior disorder is most common among older men. (
  • In a person with REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), the paralysis that normally occurs during REM sleep is incomplete or absent, allowing the person to "act out" his or her dreams . (
  • The exact cause of REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is unknown, although the disorder may occur in association with various degenerative neurological conditions such as Parkinson's disease , multisystem atrophy, diffuse Lewy body dementia , and Shy-Drager syndrome. (
  • Smoking, head injuries and pesticide exposure are relatively common among people with REM sleep behavior disorder, a rare but serious problem that has been linked to Parkinson's disease and dementia. (
  • We don't know much about the risk factors that may lead to REM behavior disorder," said Cantor, who was not involved with the new research. (
  • Postuma's goal, he said, is to continue to probe the possible causes of REM sleep behavior disorder so as to better understand how it may predict neurodegenerative problems later in life. (
  • REM (rapid eye movement) Behavior Disorder-where muscle paralysis does not occur, as is normal during REM sleep. (
  • REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is characterized by excessive electromyographic tone in REM sleep, facilitating dream enactment behavior. (
  • Kleine-Levin syndrome, a rare disorder characterized by persistent episodic hypersomnia and cognitive or mood changes. (
  • In addition, sleep disorders may also cause sufferers to sleep excessively, a condition known as hypersomnia. (
  • The number of people with primary hypersomnia is unknown, although 5-10% of patients in sleep disorder clinics have the disorder. (
  • Various types of sleep disturbances including insomnia, hypersomnia, sleep-related movement disorders, and parasomnias associated with major neuropathological categories of synucleinopathies and tauopathies are discussed. (
  • Management of sleep disturbances that are secondary to mental, medical, or substance abuse disorders should focus on the underlying conditions. (
  • The risk of developing sleep disorders in the elderly is especially increased for sleep disordered breathing, periodic limb movements, restless legs syndrome, REM sleep behavior disorders, insomnia and circadian rhythm disturbances. (
  • Sleep disturbances in the elderly may not be a result of the aging process per se, but rather are likely caused by many factors that are amenable to treatment. (
  • On the other hand, dementia and Parkinson's disease are two neurologic disorders that are almost exclusive to the elderly and most often involve sleep disturbances. (
  • Sleep disturbances secondary to dementia and Parkinson's disease are usually problematic for the patient as well as the caregiver, whether in the home or in the nursing home. (
  • Slumbers disturbances are chronic neurological illnesses, which are caused by changes in the sleep-wake cycle. (
  • People with sleep apnea, a breathing disorder that causes frequent sleep disturbances, often feel tired and unfocused during the day. (
  • Sleepwalking is perhaps the most well-known form of parasomnia -- a disorder that interrupts sleep and often involves disruptive behaviors -- but experts say there are others that can either be very milid or cause severe disturbances. (
  • Proper sleeping tablets and certain lifestyle changes can help fight the disturbances effectively. (
  • There's no treatment for night terrors, but you can help minimize the likelihood that they will happen by sticking to a sleep schedule and keeping nighttime disturbances to a minimum. (
  • Sleep disturbances occur in about 10% to 15% of the general population and are often associated with situational stress, illness, aging, and drug treatment. (
  • Sleep disturbances and, ultimately, sleep-wake cycle reversals can be early signs of a developing delirium. (
  • Berger AM: Update on the state of the science: sleep-wake disturbances in adult patients with cancer. (
  • In this article, we discuss various sleep disturbances noted in neurodegenerative disorders in the aging population. (
  • The salient sleep disturbances associated with major neurodegenerative disorders are discussed below. (
  • Sleep disturbances noted in these conditions are listed in Table 2 . (
  • Sleep disturbances are common, afflicting approximately 60% to 98% of the patients. (
  • A sleep disorder, or somnipathy, is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person. (
  • Sleep disorders are conditions that disturb your normal sleep patterns. (
  • Learn about your sleep patterns and habits by keeping a daily sleep diary. (
  • An easy way to track your sleep habits and spot patterns. (
  • Learn about treatment plans that can improve your sleeping patterns, health, and quality of life. (
  • A sleep disorder , or somnipathy , is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person or animal. (
  • Hormone shifts in menstruation, pregnancy and menopause can affect sleep patterns. (
  • His specific areas of interest are the different aspects of sleep disorders in children, the application of computer analysis in human sleep electroencephalogram, the analysis of sleep patterns in cognitive deficits ranging from mental retardation to specific learning disabilities. (
  • Brand S, Gerber M, Hatzinger M, Beck J, Holsboer-Trachsler E. Evidence for similarities between adolescents and parents in sleep patterns. (
  • By breeding the fish with their sighted counterparts, scientists determined that the difference in their sleep patterns is genetic. (
  • To evaluate fish sleep patterns, the researchers first had to find a way to tell when fish are asleep. (
  • A disorder of the sleep patterns of a person is known as sleep disorder. (
  • Sleep disorder clinics help people restore normal sleeping patterns through various techniques. (
  • The PERIOD3 gene may be a connection point between our mood and our sleep patterns, according to a study. (
  • It also focuses on improving relaxation skills and changing lifestyle habits that impact your sleeping patterns. (
  • Many CBT treatment programs for insomnia, for example, report significant improvement in sleep patterns following a course of 5 to 8 weekly sessions. (
  • CBT addresses negative thoughts and behavior patterns that contribute to insomnia or other sleeping problems. (
  • To identify patterns in your sleeping problems and decide on the best treatment approach, your therapist may start by asking you to keep a sleep diary. (
  • The cognitive aspects of CBT include thought challenging-otherwise known as cognitive restructuring-in which you challenge the negative thinking patterns that contribute to your sleep problems, replacing them with more positive, realistic thoughts. (
  • Physical illness, pain, hospitalization, drugs and other treatments for cancer, and the psychological impact of a malignant disease may disrupt the sleeping patterns of persons with cancer. (
  • Disruptions in individual sleep patterns can disrupt the circadian rhythm and impair the sleep cycle. (
  • Cognitive behavioral therapy, which aims to change patterns of thinking or behavior that are behind a person's difficulties, has proved to be an effective treatment for sleep disorders in the general population. (
  • Researchers have learned about the cyclical patterns of different types of sleep and their relationships to breathing, heart rate, brain waves, and other physical functions. (
  • Four stages have non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep, with unique brain wave patterns and physical changes occurring. (
  • People who have lost their sight and cannot coordinate their natural wake-sleep cycle using natural light can stabilize their sleep patterns by taking small amounts of melatonin at the same time each day. (
  • Sleep disorders are characterized by abnormal sleep patterns that interfere with physical, mental, and emotional functioning. (
  • Just like staying up all night talking with friends or watching TV can cause you to feel sub optimal the next day, so too can smaller interruptions in your sleep patterns. (
  • Also known as a sleep study, this study is used to diagnose sleep problems by recording brain waves, breathing patterns, heart rate, and oxygen level in the blood. (
  • Two in three high school students report sleeping less than eight hours a night, according to 2017 CDC data. (
  • Her main organizing effort is now focused on the World Sleep 2017 to be held in Prague. (
  • A 2017 study found that 65 percent of those with sleep apnea reported a reduction in nocturia after using a CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) mask. (
  • TUESDAY, Aug. 8, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Sleep disorders during pregnancy may increase the risk of preterm birth, a new study finds. (
  • For RBD, clonazepam effectively controls the aversive sleep behaviors. (
  • A second generation, bred by mating that first hybrid generation, showed sleep behaviors in between the two populations. (
  • This may include difficulty falling or staying asleep, falling asleep at inappropriate times, excessive total sleep time or abnormal behaviors associated with sleep . (
  • The best sleep study will also record the entire sleep episode on video, replete with details of odd nocturnal behaviors. (
  • Behavioral therapy teaches you how to avoid behaviors that keep you awake at night and replace them with better sleep habits. (
  • Sleep disorders are a group of syndromes characterized by disturbance in the patient's amount of sleep, quality or timing of sleep, or in behaviors or physiological conditions associated with sleep. (
  • Treatment options include sleep medicine and cognitive-behavior therapy , which teaches how to identify and modify behaviors that perpetuate sleeping problems. (
  • Is a series of complex behaviors that are initiated during slow wave sleep and result in walking during sleep. (
  • Sleep disorders are broadly classified into dyssomnias, parasomnias, circadian rhythm sleep disorders involving the timing of sleep, and other disorders including ones caused by medical or psychological conditions. (
  • Parasomnias, disruptive sleep-related events involving inappropriate actions during sleep, for example sleep walking, night-terrors and catathrenia. (
  • Using consensus statements and further rounds of consultation the BAP created guidelines or consensus statements on evidence-based treatment of insomnia, parasomnias and circadian rhythm disorders. (
  • Night terrors, sleep walking and violent behavior at night are known as 'parasomnias. (
  • British Association for Psychopharmacology consensus statement on evidence-based treatment of insomnia, parasomnias and circadian rhythm disorders: An update. (
  • Dysfunctions associated with sleep, sleep stages, or partial arousals (parasomnias). (
  • Parasomnias-Including night terrors and sleep walking. (
  • The two major categories of primary sleep disorders are the dyssomnias and the parasomnias. (
  • What stage of Non-REM sleep is indicated by: Decrease in BP & Respirations, Release of Growth Hormone, most difficult to arouse, confusion upon waking, Parasomnias common. (
  • Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD), sudden involuntary movement of arms and/or legs during sleep, for example kicking the legs. (
  • 15. Restless Legs Syndrome and Periodic Limb Movement Disorders. (
  • Anxiety about sleep, maladaptive sleep habits and the possibility of an underlying vulnerability in sleep regulating mechanisms are all likely causes, as are other co-morbid disorders such as anxiety and depression , and diseases including cancer or arthritis. (
  • The causes of these conditions are variable and range from habits people have developed before they go to sleep to a number of medical problems that disrupt the normal sleep cycle. (
  • Poor sleep hygiene refers to bad habits that interfere with an individual's ability to fall asleep. (
  • For example, drinking coffee or other caffeinated drinks in the evening, smoking, eating heavy foods late in the evening, falling asleep with the lights on and/or leaving the television on, or using a cell phone, computer, or tablet right before bed are bad habits or poor sleep hygiene can lead to insomnia. (
  • The lack of sleep can leads to several problems such as psychiatric and medical conditions, unhealthy sleep habits, substance abuse , and several biological faults. (
  • Individuals who do not sleep between 6-8 hours per night are at a greater risk for cardiovascular disease regardless of age, weight, smoking, and exercise habits. (
  • Because many species of cavefish have adapted genetically to life in the deep and dark, losing their eyesight and pigmentation, he wondered if their sleep habits were also genetic. (
  • To confirm that the differences in sleep habits they observed were genetic, the researchers bred the various cavefish populations with the surface fish. (
  • Sometimes just having regular sleep habits can help an individual. (
  • Treatments can vary based on the disorder, and may include lifestyle changes like avoiding caffeine, developing healthy sleep habits, light therapy, or medications like melatonin , Provigil , Nuvigil , or Hetlioz . (
  • The sleep disorders section (variable name prefix SLQ) includes a limited number of questions on sleep habits and disorders. (
  • The next set of questions is about your sleeping habits. (
  • This section includes questions on sleep habits, and disorders. (
  • Healthy sleeping habits improve other areas of your health. (
  • We carefully make a diagnosis and then help patients develop good sleep habits. (
  • This is a device worn on the wrist that records movements and thus helps in providing information about sleep wake habits in one's natural sleep environment. (
  • Adults also benefit from developing good sleep habits and rigorously sticking to a bedtime routine. (
  • Certain physical features and lifestyle habits can raise your chances of having this common sleep disorder. (
  • 4. Sleep Practices and Habits in Children Across Different Cultures. (
  • 7. Increased Nutritional Requirements When physiologic needs are altered by depression, fibromyalgia, or other disorders that increase metabolic demand and disrupt homeostasis, the usual rate of synthesis is no longer sufficient and these amino acids, nutrients, and biogenic amines become conditionally essential. (
  • The results remained even when the researchers adjusted for potential confounders, including the use of sleep medication, education, depression, and body mass index ( BMI ). (
  • Trauma, depression, mental illnesses and stress can lead to insomnia and other sleep disorders. (
  • Insomnia and other sleep disorders can decrease patients' quality of life, impair functioning, and increase the chances of depression, anxiety, and possibly cardiovascular disorders. (
  • Mental health problems such as depression, anxiety, and stress (for example, posttraumatic stress disorder, loss of spouse or financial problems) may also cause insomnia. (
  • Psychological issues: people with mood disorders, such as bipolar disorder or depression, as well as anxiety disorders or psychotic disorders are more likely to have insomnia. (
  • There probably is an important connection between depression and sleep apnea," says a sleep expert. (
  • But that may not be the only fallout: New research suggests the disorder also dramatically increases the risk of depression. (
  • Researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that men with diagnosed sleep apnea are more than twice as likely as other men to exhibit signs of clinical depression, such as feeling hopeless and uninterested in everyday activities. (
  • A complicating factor is that the effects of depression and sleep apnea can be difficult to distinguish, says psychiatrist Michael Weissberg, M.D., co-director of the insomnia and sleep disorders clinic at the University of Colorado School of Medicine, in Denver. (
  • There probably is an important connection between depression and sleep apnea, but it's hard to sort out who has what," Weissberg says. (
  • The study shows only an association, not cause and effect, and the researchers can't rule out the possibility that an unidentified factor could contribute to both sleep apnea and depression. (
  • But it's plausible to think that sleep apnea could directly cause depression. (
  • NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Depression and anxiety are associated with poor sleep quality, daytime drowsiness and nightmares in patients with Parkinson's disease, according to a recent report. (
  • Although depression and anxiety affect 40 percent or more of patients with Parkinson's disease, just one study has looked at the impact of these conditions on sleep, Dr. Leora L. Borek, from Butler Hospital in Providence, Rhode Island, and colleagues note. (
  • The patients all completed standard tests to assess depression and anxiety, as well as various aspects of sleep. (
  • Severity of depression and anxiety were associated with poor sleep quality, daytime drowsiness and nightmares. (
  • Further analysis showed that the severity of depression strongly influenced sleep quality and the occurrence of nightmares, while the severity of anxiety affected daytime drowsiness. (
  • Chronic sleep disorders also contribute to diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and depression . (
  • Sleep and psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia and depression are closely related. (
  • This can make their depression worse, since the amount of sleep a person gets has an effect on his or her illness. (
  • People who dont have a psychiatric illness but suffer from insomnia are more likely to develop a disorder like depression later in their life. (
  • Hallucinations, frequent awakenings, anxiety, depression, and stress can disturb the sleep-wake cycle and cause severe sleep disorders. (
  • Find out about depression and insomnia and other sleep disorders. (
  • Depression and sleep disorders or sleep problems seem to go hand-in-hand. (
  • Major depression is the most common mood disorder in the US and accounts for almost a quarter of all mental illness . (
  • Although a person is considered depressed if any five of these are experienced for two weeks or more, almost all people with depression suffer from some form of sleep disorder. (
  • While not fully understood, sleep is clearly linked with mental health and insomnia is considered a hallmark of depression. (
  • While many people with depression sleep too little, it is also common to sleep too much. (
  • Sleep can be seen as a way to escape the negative thoughts associated with depression. (
  • Sleep and Depression WebMD. (
  • He cites research linking sleep apnea, in which breathing is disrupted, to attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and the evidence of a connection between depression and insomnia as examples. (
  • Research shows that a chronic lack of sleep, or getting poor quality sleep, increases the risk of disorders including high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, depression, and obesity. (
  • Additionally, firefighters with sleep disorders were more likely to report having cardiovascular disease, diabetes, depression and anxiety, and to report poorer health status, compared with those who did not screen positive. (
  • Find an overview on valerian, an herb and dietary supplement used for insomnia and other sleep disorders. (
  • Insomnia and other sleep disorders are very common, yet treatment for the conditions lack uniformity. (
  • Investigators from Boston Children's Hospital and Merck have built the beginnings of "digital phenotype" of insomnia and other sleep disorders based on data from Twitter. (
  • The discovery may help identify genes and pathways involved in insomnia and other sleep disorders in humans. (
  • Some sleep disruptions are caused by illness, allergies, or conditions like sleep apnea , night terrors , sleepwalking , or restless leg syndrome . (
  • Nocturnal Myoclonus or the related "Restless Legs Syndrome"-periodic involuntary jerking of the legs disrupting quality sleep, sometimes accompanied by a "creepy crawly" sensation. (
  • Restless leg syndrome and bruxism (grinding of the teeth while sleeping) are conditions that also may contribute to sleep disorders. (
  • Primary sleep disorders are common in both children and adults. (
  • This document covers the consequences of poor sleep for older adults, common sleep disorders, and more. (
  • Although these disorders are more prevalent in the older than younger population, they are not exclusive to this age group, and treatment options that are applicable to young adults are also applicable to older adults. (
  • Most adults need seven to eight hours of sleep. (
  • One in three American adults report regularly sleeping less than seven hours a night, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (
  • Around a third of adults in Western countries will experience some difficulty getting to sleep or staying asleep at least once a week, and between six and 15 percent are thought to have full-blown insomnia. (
  • The sleeping time needs of individuals are variable, and sleep times vary between kids and adults. (
  • Some adults can vary in their sleep requirements from about 5 to as many as 10 hours per night. (
  • Characteristics of Chronic Pain Associated with Sleep Difficulty in Older Adults: The Maintenance of Balance, Independent Living, Intellect, and Zest in the Elderly (MOBILIZE) Boston Study. (
  • An estimated 50-70 million people in the United States have ongoing sleep disorders, and 29.1 American adults report less than 7 hours of sleep. (
  • The American Academy of Sleep Medicine and Sleep Research Society recommend that adults should get at least 7 hours of sleep per night to promote overall health. (
  • Experts estimate about half of all children between the ages of 3 and 10 talk in their sleep, and about 5 percent of adults do it. (
  • His private practice focuses on sleep apnea, snoring, TMD, and sleep disorders in adults and children. (
  • More common in children than adults, night terrors cause a person to get up suddenly from sleep appearing intensely scared or agitated and often crying, yelling, and occasionally sleepwalking. (
  • In fact, an estimated 50 to 70 million U.S. adults have a sleep disorder , so you are not alone. (
  • Frequent nighttime urination , called nocturia, affects nearly 65 percent of adults between the ages of 55 and 84, according to a poll by the National Sleep Foundation. (
  • Learn about sleep disorders in children and adults -- and how Duke sleep specialists use innovative strategies and treatments to help. (
  • The map below depicts age-adjusted* percentage of adults who reported 30 days of insufficient rest or sleep† during the preceding 30 days. (
  • Sleep apnoea affects more than one in 50 adults, but only 5% of sufferers ever realise they have it. (
  • Sleep apnea is a very common problem and can stike any persons from adults to children. (
  • Cleveland Clinic's Sleep Disorders Center is a multispecialty, comprehensive program dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders in children and adults. (
  • Children and adolescents have longer periods of stage 3 and stage 4 NREM sleep than do middle aged or elderly adults. (
  • Both adults and children with ADHD can develop sleep problems. (
  • Maintaining a rigorous daily routine - while adults also benefit from routine, it is even more important for children to have the same sleep, wake, meal and activity times every day. (
  • 2 No listed author Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: ADHD in Adults WebMD. (
  • For middle-aged adults, sleeping less than six or more than eight hours a night is associated with a decline in brain function. (
  • Dr Alison Bentley is a general practitioner who has consulted in sleep medicine and sleep disorders, in both adults and children of all ages, for almost 30 years. (
  • Sleep disruption may significantly hinder their ability to function physically and mentally. (
  • Sleep disruption can have a negative impact on your health and well being. (
  • Walker says the team now plans to examine the effects of disruption of certain types of sleep, such as REM sleep or slow-wave sleep. (
  • SAN ANTONIO - Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), and the disruption in nightly sleep it causes, speeds up the aging process, according to preliminary research. (
  • Increasing SDB severity and sleep disruption were associated with epigenetic age acceleration, independent of measured confounders, Li reported. (
  • In addition, each standard deviation increase in the arousal index, a measure of sleep disruption, was associated with the equivalent of 321 days of age acceleration. (
  • Prevalence, demographics, and psychological associations of sleep disruption in patients with cancer: University of Rochester Cancer Center-Community Clinical Oncology Program. (
  • Research also shows that some form of sleep disruption is present in nearly all psychiatric disorders. (
  • A sleep disruption similar to a nightmare, but with a more dramatic presentation. (
  • People with health issues such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, chronic headaches, heart disease or cancer often develop sleep disorders. (
  • A recent study at Harvard Medical School found that CBT was more effective at treating chronic insomnia than prescription sleep medication. (
  • More than 40 million Americans suffer from chronic, long-term sleep disorders, and an additional 20 million report sleeping problems occasionally, according to the National Institutes of Health. (
  • Studies also show that people with chronic insomnia are at high risk of developing an anxiety disorder. (
  • The Institute of Medicine estimated that 50 to 70 million Americans suffer from chronic wakefulness or sleep disorders, which the organization associates with numerous health consequences (Colton and Altevogt, 2006). (
  • Is a chronic disorder affecting the brain where dysfunctions of sleep and wakefulness result. (
  • Polysomnography and actigraphy are tests commonly ordered for some sleep disorders. (
  • The sleep disorder specialist scores and performs polysomnography and also assists in diagnosing and preparing a treatment plan for the condition. (
  • You need to undergo tests like Polysomnography, Multiple Sleep Latency Test and CSF levels of Orexin/Hypocretin which help to substantiate the diagnosis. (
  • Physicians may need to refer patients experiencing these distressing episodes to a specialist sleep center for polysomnography and video recording for a correct diagnosis, and to discover whether the attacks occur during REM (rapid eye movement) or non-REM sleep, which can mean differing treatments. (
  • A detailed sleep history, a thorough physical examination, and sleep logs provide the foundation for accurate diagnosis, treatment, and possible referral for polysomnography (PSG). (
  • Practice parameters for the non-respiratory indications for polysomnography and multiple sleep latency testing for children. (
  • Sleep disorders can be diagnosed on the basis of patient s explanation about the condition and tests such as multiple sleep latency test and polysomnography . (
  • I've had sleep issues for many years and regularly use a cpap machine. (
  • Continuous positive airway pressure ( CPAP ) devices are used to help with sleep apnea. (
  • Covered are essential topics related to sleep disorders- including Sleep Apnea (CPAP, OSA, etc. (
  • Psychiatric disorders are the leading cause of insomnia , the inability to sleep . (
  • Difficulties with sleep can make psychiatric disorders worse by making the person confused or frustrated, as well as more sensitive to pain and other medical problems. (
  • Insomnia can also have a negative impact on treatment of psychiatric disorders. (
  • Can a Lack of Sleep Cause Psychiatric Disorders? (
  • In fact, psychologist Matthew Walker of the University of California, Berkeley, says that "almost all psychiatric disorders show some problems with sleep. (
  • Recognize sleep problems in patients with psychiatric disorders. (
  • Optimize the use of psychotropic medication in patients with comorbid insomnia and psychiatric disorders. (
  • Sleep and Psychiatric Disorders in Children and Adolescents provides practical tools for the clinician for treating children, including guidelines to assess sleep, sleep questionnaires, and behavioral scales, making this a well-rounded resource, for not only sleep specialists, but psychiatrists, neurologists, and pediatricians as well. (
  • This disorder is considered to be a parasomnia, and is characterized by the perception of loud noises, such as door slams, fireworks or gunshots, right as the person is trying to fall asleep or is waking up. (
  • Sleep eating, also called Sleep-Related Eating Disorder , is considered a parasomnia where people get up in the middle of the night to eat, and generally do not remember the episode in the morning. (
  • however, your doctor may make a clinical diagnosis of nightmare disorder (parasomnia) if the nightmares cause ongoing trouble with daytime functioning or falling asleep, and are not due to medications or mental health conditions. (
  • You can try melatonin against prescription which helps your sleep cycle to bring it to normal. (
  • Melatonin supplements can be effective in helping a person get to sleep, as well as various types of audio (white noise, binaural beats), and aromatherapy (lavender), he added. (
  • This may help doctors intervene, not just by treating the sleep disorder by prescribing clonezepam or melatonin, but also by helping them identify individuals at risk for future neurological problems. (
  • The pineal gland , located within the brain's two hemispheres, receives signals from the SCN and increases production of the hormone melatonin , which helps put you to sleep once the lights go down. (
  • Use melatonin, light, and behavioral therapies to treat delayed sleep-wake phase disorder. (
  • This Nucleus of the Hypothalamus: influences REM sleep, prevents Melatonin release from Pineal gland when light present, controls ~24 hr sleep-wake cycle. (
  • 16. Melatonin in Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. (
  • The use of social media and nightly entertainment in young subjects may blur the clinical picture sometimes hinder a diagnosis of a real sleep disorder. (
  • To make a diagnosis, your health care provider will use your medical history, your sleep history, and a physical exam. (
  • If you suspect your child may have this condition, learn more about diagnosis and treatment, and open the link provided to find a directory of pediatric sleep specialists. (
  • It is important for children exhibiting signs of OSAS to get a comprehensive diagnosis by having an overnight, in-laboratory sleep study done. (
  • This book is both an exam guide to children´s sleep medicine and a practical manual for diagnosis and management of sleep disorders in children. (
  • If you are dealing with Sleep Apnea, it is important that you seek professional help, asleep diagnosis, and analysis paired with Chiropractic care will help you overcome the condition. (
  • Six percent of men and 3% of women had received a sleep apnea diagnosis, the survey found, while 7% of men and 4% of women reported breathing problems on at least five nights per week. (
  • Its important for people who have a psychiatric disorder to work closely with their doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment that will allow them to get the sleep they need. (
  • A practical clinical book, Dental Management of Sleep Disorders highlights the background to these problems, discusses the dentist's role in their diagnosis and treatment, and outlines clinical strategies and guidance. (
  • Established in 1978, Cleveland Clinic's Sleep Disorders Center was among the first in the nation dedicated to the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders in people of all ages. (
  • Since then, major advances have been made in the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders, and sleep laboratories are found in most large communities in the United States. (
  • They were compared to a control group of pregnant women without a sleep disorder diagnosis but with similar maternal risk factors for preterm birth, such as a previous preterm birth, smoking during pregnancy, or high blood pressure. (
  • To qualify for the diagnosis of sleep disorder, the condition must be a persistent problem, cause the patient significant emotional distress, and interfere with his or her social or occupational functioning. (
  • The sleep clinic is the first step in diagnosis and treatment. (
  • It has been found that around 50-70 million of the total population of United States experience sleep or wakefulness disorder. (
  • The CDC also estimate that between 50 and 70 million people in the United States have a "sleep or wakefulness disorder," and they warn of the wide range of health problems that such disorders can trigger. (
  • However, the brain is highly active, and the electrical activity recorded in the brain by EEG during REM sleep is similar to that recorded during wakefulness. (
  • The basal forebrain , near the front and bottom of the brain, also promotes sleep and wakefulness, while part of the midbrain acts as an arousal system. (
  • Caused most often by shift work and jet lag, some people also routinely have difficulty going to bed before two or three a.m. and waking up in the morning on time (delayed sleep phase syndrome). (
  • Insomnia or sleep disorder is known as difficulty in getting sufficient sleep or difficulty in having a good sound sleep. (
  • When a person suffers from difficulty in sleeping with no obvious cause, it is referred to as insomnia. (
  • Circadian rhythm sleep disorders result in difficulty falling asleep, early awakenings, poor sleep quality, and daytime drowsiness. (
  • Studies have shown that sleep disorders such as sleep apnea (not taking normal breathes or having difficulty breathing while sleeping) are more common in those that wet the bed. (
  • Sleep-onset insomnia occurs when people have difficulty falling asleep, even when they are tired. (
  • Sleep maintenance insomnia refers to difficulty staying asleep during the night. (
  • Sleep disorder caused by 'low sleep drives & increased arousal' with difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep regardless of adequate opportunity. (
  • A spouse is often the first person to know something is wrong, according to Michael Twery, director of the National Center on Sleep Disorders Research in the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute's Division of Lung Disease at the National Institutes of Health. (
  • Minutes from prior meetings can be obtained, upon request, by contacting the National Center on Sleep Disorders Research . (
  • Other such disorders are advanced sleep phase disorder (ASPD), non-24-hour sleep-wake disorder (non-24) in the sighted or in the blind, and irregular sleep wake rhythm, all much less common than DSPD, as well as the situational shift work sleep disorder. (
  • Shift work sleep disorder (SWSD), a situational circadian rhythm sleep disorder. (
  • Night shift workers often have trouble getting enough sleep to stay healthy. (
  • The sleep problems can be resolved by transferring from the night shift or by adopting a daily sleep routine that is consistent seven days per week. (
  • In addition, shift workers can develop problems because their sleep cycle is interrupted due to their irregular work schedule. (
  • jet lag , shift work sleep disorder , and non-24-hour disorder . (
  • SHIFT WORK, SLEEP DISORDERS, HEALTH AND SAFETY IN POLICE OFFICERS Police work has demanding schedules characterized by long hours, recurrent night shifts and significant overtime. (
  • Disruptions in sleep can be caused by a variety of issues, including teeth grinding (bruxism) and night terrors. (
  • There are a number of sleep disorders, the following list includes some of them: Bruxism, involuntarily grinding or clenching of the teeth while sleeping. (
  • Disruptions in sleep can be caused by a variety of issues, from teeth grinding ( bruxism ) to night terrors . (
  • Bruxism , involuntarily grinding or clenching of the teeth while sleeping. (
  • Dental Management of Sleep Disorders focuses on the dentist's role in treating patients with sleep problems, chiefly sleep disordered breathing and bruxism. (
  • If snoring, bruxism, or sleep apnea is keeping you up at night, talk to your doctor about whether a dental device could be right for you. (
  • Several common factors involved in the onset of a sleep disorder include increased medication use, age-related changes in circadian rhythms, environmental and lifestyle changes and pre diagnosed physiological problems and stress. (
  • Circadian rhythm disorders - problems with the sleep-wake cycle. (
  • These factors include medical and psychiatric problems, medications, and circadian rhythm changes, all of which can cause difficulties during sleep at night, and can lead to complaints of insomnia. (
  • The new study therefore revealed that people who reported being sleepy during the day, having poor sleep quality, or experiencing other sleep problems, had more biological markers for Alzheimer's disease in their spinal fluid compared with people who did not report having trouble sleeping. (
  • Too little sleep can lead to a variety of short- and long-term problems. (
  • In addition, medications used to treat some of these mental health problems may also cause or increase sleep problems. (
  • Discuss any sleep-related problems you think are caused by medications with your physician. (
  • Association of sleep duration with socio-economic status and behavioural problems among schoolchildren. (
  • Lack of sleep, in such people, can cause several problems including cognitive delay as well as heart and brain-related diseases. (
  • Addresses the problems of the spinal cord and affects the sleep cycle and quality. (
  • Sleep apnea and related problems occur when the airway becomes blocked during sleep, restricting breathing. (
  • Many people experience occasional sleep problems, but when sleep issues occur on a regular basis, you should talk with your care provider to find out more about a possible sleep disorder. (
  • The statement, published in the American Heart Association journal Circulation , gives an overview of what is currently understood regarding sleep problems and cardiovascular-related risk factors. (
  • We wanted to see if we could use new forms of online data, such as Twitter, to characterize the sleep disordered individual and possibly uncover new, previously-undescribed populations of patients suffering sleep problems. (
  • Sleep problems in the elderly are controlled by various external and internal factors. (
  • The doctor needs to be informed if the person has any other sleep disorder or if any of the family members suffer from sleep problems. (
  • Lack of sleep can also cause psychiatric problems such as paranoia and hallucinations . (
  • Specific sleep problems among babies and very young children can be linked to mental disorders in adolescents, a new study has found. (
  • But nightmares do not tell the whole story - we've found that, in fact, a number of behavioural sleep problems in childhood can point towards these problems in adolescence. (
  • Infant Sleep Problems May Signal Mental Disorders in Adolescents - Medscape - Jul 09, 2020. (
  • They also believe there may be clues to people's mental state within their sleep-related tweets, with the fact that individuals who post about their night-time behaviour tend to have fewer followers suggesting that they may be more isolated or lonely - something that could be triggering their sleep problems. (
  • Sleep apnea can lead to learning and behavior issues and even heart problems. (
  • In addition to disrupting your sleep, undiagnosed sleep apnea has been linked to high blood pressure, stroke, memory problems and diabetes. (
  • This quiz has been designed to help you identify potential sleep problems. (
  • Children with sleep problems cause many parents to ask their pediatrician, "What should I do when my child screams out at night? (
  • But, he says that scientists previously believed the psychiatric problems triggered the sleep issues. (
  • It affects chemicals in your brain that may become unbalanced and cause sleep problems (insomnia). (
  • Experts have identified the disorder as a possible precursor to several neurodegenerative problems, including dementia and Parkinson's disease (the progressive disorder that affects movement). (
  • Given the connection for many individuals between the sleep disorder and Parkinson's or dementia, researchers hypothesized that the various health problems might also share risk factors. (
  • Like children with other developmental disabilities, children with autism spectrum disorders suffer from sleep problems at a greater rate than typically developing children. (
  • It is increasingly recognized that addressing these sleep problems may improve daytime functioning and decrease family stress. (
  • The sleep problems experienced by children with autism spectrum disorders are presented in this article. (
  • For many sleep problems, therapy such as CBT can be more effective than sleeping pills-but without the unpleasant side effects or long-term health concerns. (
  • It may be conducted individually, in a group of people with similar sleeping problems, or even online. (
  • Cognitive therapy teaches you to recognize and change negative beliefs and thoughts (cognitions) that contribute to your sleep problems. (
  • You can download or print HelpGuide's sleep diary (PDF) and take it to your therapist to help pinpoint your specific problems. (
  • A sleep disorder can worsen existing medical conditions, and it also can lead to new health problems. (
  • Anxiety is frequently connected to sleeping problems. (
  • The condition may also affect people who have experienced a stroke, brain infection, and other medical problems with the brain stem, as well as those who take narcotic painkillers and other sleep-inducing medications. (
  • Stress and anxiety may cause sleeping problems or make existing problems worse. (
  • Stress or anxiety can cause a serious night without sleep, as do a variety of other problems. (
  • As we start to treat Alzheimer's patients before the onset of dementia, the presence or absence of sleep problems may be a rapid indicator of whether the new treatments are succeeding," added Holtzman. (
  • Holtzman's lab was among the first to link sleep problems and Alzheimer's through studies of sleep in mice genetically altered to develop Alzheimer's plaques as they age, according to a university statement. (
  • Recent studies have indicated that children with Down syndrome are much more likely to experience sleep problems that affect their cognitive development and function as well as their health. (
  • This common sleep issue doesn't just make you tired-it can also cause some unexpected problems with your teeth. (
  • In this way, biofeedback can help individuals whose sleep problems stem from poor stress management, anxiety, or obsessive thoughts. (
  • 9. Assessment of Sleep Problems in a School Setting. (
  • 14. Sleep Problems in Children with ADHD, Impact of Treatment and Co-Morbidities. (
  • Diagnose sleep-related movement disorders. (
  • Use evidence-based approaches to treat patients with sleep-related movement disorders. (
  • Sufferers experience disturbed sleep due to interrupted breathing and as a result suffer from excessive day time tiredness. (
  • Disorders of excessive somnolence (hypersomnias). (
  • How Does Anxiety Affect Sleep? (
  • And having an anxiety disorder exacerbates the problem. (
  • Anxiety Disorder or Sleep Disorder: Which Comes First? (
  • Treatment options for an anxiety disorder also include cognitive-behavior therapy, as well as relaxation techniques, and medication . (
  • I notice even with one night of bad sleep I have higher anxiety. (
  • If I have bad sleep for more than one night my anxiety gets even higher, and I have really bad mood swings. (
  • 23. Sleep in Children with Anxiety Disorders. (
  • Sleep apnea is a common disorder in which you have pauses in breathing or shallow breaths while you sleep. (
  • Sleep apnea is a common, but probably underdiagnosed condition, and snoring is one symptom. (
  • Sleep apnea is a common sleep-related breathing disorder that occurs due to blockage of the upper airway. (
  • Delayed sleep phase disorder (DSPD), inability to awaken and fall asleep at socially acceptable times but no problem with sleep maintenance, a disorder of circadian rhythms. (
  • Other types of sleep studies may check how quickly you fall asleep during daytime naps or whether you are able to stay awake and alert during the day. (
  • Sleep paralysis occurs when a person is falling asleep or waking up, and involves a person being fully conscious , but unable to move their body. (
  • Sleeping positions include the body posture on the bed to fall asleep. (
  • He also addressed some of the bizarre disorders people experience while they are sound asleep-- not only sleepwalking but eating, having sex, and even driving. (
  • Ask others to be respectful of your sleep and not disturb you while your asleep. (
  • for instance, some medications used to treat these disorders have side effects that can make it difficult for patients to fall or stay asleep. (
  • Food and drinks with caffeine may make it hard for your child to get to sleep or to stay asleep. (
  • Insomnia - trouble getting to sleep or staying asleep - is a top medical complaint. (
  • Insomnia is a sleep disorder characterized by the inability to get to sleep or remain asleep. (
  • British sleep experts have warned that lorry drivers could be putting their lives, and the lives of other road users at risk if they fall asleep at the wheel. (
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy can improve your sleep by changing your behavior before bedtime as well as changing the ways of thinking that keep you from falling asleep. (
  • A common sleep disorder that can make it hard to fall asleep at night. (
  • Taking this medication 45 minutes before sleep may help someone with ADHD fall asleep and create a better quality of sleep. (
  • Biological changes in the circadian rhythm, or internal clock, during puberty prevent teens from falling asleep early enough to get sufficient sleep when faced with early school start times. (
  • Participants reported current health status, previous diagnoses of sleep and other medical disorders, the likelihood of falling asleep while driving, motor vehicle crashes, near crashes, and injuries. (
  • Firefighters with a sleep disorder were more likely to report a motor vehicle crash and were more likely to report falling asleep while driving than those who did not screen positive. (
  • The study was presented here at SLEEP 2019: 33rd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies. (
  • SLEEP 2019: 33rd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies: Abstract 0291. (
  • Cite this: Sleep-Disordered Breathing Tied toAccelerated Aging - Medscape - Jun 13, 2019. (
  • What are the treatments for sleep disorders? (
  • Treatments for sleep disorders depend on which disorder you have. (
  • Normal and abnormal sleep and details of treatments for specific sleep disorders that may decrease the frequency and severity of cluster headaches also are discussed. (
  • Every case of sleep apnea is different, which is why treatments aren't one-size-fits-all. (
  • Forty million Americans suffer from sleep disorders. (
  • It is estimated than 1 to 4 percent of children suffer from sleep apnea. (
  • Women have a higher incidence of insomnia than men, and the older we get the more likely we are to suffer from poor sleep. (
  • There are ample reasons why people suffer from sleep disorders. (
  • There are several reasons why one would suffer from Sleep Apnea. (
  • Research indicates that women are twice more likely than men to suffer from sleep disorders. (
  • If you suffer from insomnia or any other sleep disorder, then hopefully this article will give you some ideas that will help you relax and get a better nights sleep. (
  • People who suffer from the condition "sleep apnea" often go very long periods while sleeping without taking a breath. (
  • If you suffer from conditions like insomnia or sleep apnea , Loyola Medicine's highly skilled board-certified physicians have the tools to help you get proper rest. (
  • Other sleep disruptions can be caused by a particularly exciting or exhausting day that leaves your baby too jittery to sleep soundly. (
  • There's no question that people need their sleep: studies have linked a lack of shut-eye to everything from disruptions in the immune system to cognitive deficits to weight control . (
  • Gastric acid may back up into the esophagus causing multiple sleep disruptions. (
  • In Sleep/Wake Disorders: Natural History, Epidemiology, and Long-term Evolution . (
  • The portion of Americans with sleep apnea surged from the 1980s to 2010, according to a study published in the American Journal of Epidemiology in 2013. (
  • The first part is an introduction to childhood sleep physiology and pathology, epidemiology of sleep disorders, and diagnostic procedures. (
  • But they suggest that social media can be a useful addition to our toolkit for studying the patient experience and behavioral epidemiology of sleep disorders. (
  • The present study, reported in the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, involved 120 consecutive Parkinson's patients who were seen at a movement disorder clinic between July 2004 and May 2005. (
  • As many as 50 percent of people with Parkinson's also have the sleep disorder. (
  • The central message is that this sleep disorder can present 10 to 20 years before people ever get Parkinson's. (
  • As a neurodegenerative brain disorder, Parkinson's disease affects the neurons in the human brain. (
  • The length of therapy also depends on the type and severity of your sleep disorder. (
  • The most common sleep disorder is insomnia. (
  • Other forms of sleep apnea are less common. (
  • Sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea and insomnia, are more common than most people realize. (
  • The most common types of sleep studies monitor and record data about your body during a full night of sleep. (
  • Insomnia is considered the most common sleep disorder in the U.S. and studies suggest as many as 95% of Americans have reported an episode of insomnia at some time during their life. (
  • Both common and serious sleep disorders can be treated with chiropractic care. (
  • Another common type of sleep disorder is Insomnia. (
  • The research team used publically available anonymized data from Twitter to create a virtual cohort of 896 active Twitter users whose tweets contained sleep-related words (e.g., "can't sleep," "insomnia"), or hashtags (e.g., #cantsleep, #teamnosleep), or the names of common sleep aids or medications . (
  • Veterans did not respond well to Donald Trump's comments on PTSD, a common mental health disorder many soldiers face. (
  • In sleep apnea, it's common for pauses in breathing to be followed by gasping, choking or snorting. (
  • SDB is a common disorder that results in oxidative stress and inflammation and is associated with several age-related health disorders. (
  • Snoring is the most common symptom of sleep apnoea. (
  • This is a quite common symptom of those who are sleep deprived. (
  • If you would consider getting prescribed medication for the treatment of your sleep disorder , here is a list of the most common for those who are sleep deprived. (
  • Sleep disorders are fairly common, affecting more than 4 percent of the population. (
  • This condition is sometimes called sleep drunkenness and is more common in males. (
  • Diagnose and treat common sleep disorders in adolescents. (
  • In a national sample of almost 7,000 firefighters, researchers at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) examined the prevalence of common sleep disorders and their association with adverse health and safety outcomes and found that sleep disorders are highly prevalent, and associated with substantially increased risk of motor vehicle crashes and cardio-metabolic diseases among firefighters. (
  • Unfortunately, more than 80 percent of firefighters who screened positive for a common sleep disorder were undiagnosed and untreated. (
  • Approximately 7,000 firefighter participants were assessed for common sleep disorders. (
  • Self Screening Questionnaire to suspect Nocturnal Sleep-Related Eating Disorder (NS-RED). (
  • If your answer is yes to these questions then you may be suffering from Nocturnal Sleep-Related Eating Disorder (NS-RED). (
  • Mice are nocturnal animals and normally sleep for 40 minutes during every hour of daylight, but when Alzheimer's plaques began forming in their brains, their average sleep times dropped to 30 minutes per hour. (
  • A combined study is a test that combines overnight sleep study and complete EEG recordings in children with suspected nocturnal seizure. (
  • Discover the cause of your snoring and find the right cure that may improve your health, your relationships, and your sleep. (
  • If you're snoring loudly, chronically and keeping your partner awake, it could be a sign of sleep apnea, and you should talk to your doctor. (
  • Snoring & sleep apnea powered by Wordpress . (
  • Is a disorder of breathing during sleep that typically is accompanied by loud snoring and consists of brief periods throughout the night in which breathing stops. (
  • They may look and feel funny, but throat-strengthening moves may ease snoring and sleep apnea and make for quieter nights. (
  • Sleep disorders are conditions that impair a person's ability to get normal restorative sleep. (
  • Sleep disorders can have a profound effect on a person's overall health. (
  • The disorder can be caused by several factors, including oversized tonsils, the structure of a person's airway, or excess fat surrounding the windpipe. (
  • Getting the right amount of sleep is crucial to a person's ability to function properly, and sleeping too little or too much has many health consequences. (
  • Normally a person's muscles are paralyzed during REM sleep. (
  • Emerging research uses social media to capture relevant data on behavioral issues that may affect a person's sleep and the development of a sleep disorder. (
  • The collective term sleep disorder refers to conditions that affect sleep quality, timing, or duration and impact a person's ability to properly function while they are awake. (
  • In this stage, (the beginning of "true" sleep), the person's electroencephalogram (EEG) will show distinctive wave forms called sleep spindles and K complexes. (
  • Sleep cycles vary with a person's age. (
  • A sleep disorder that occurs when a person's breathing is disrupted during sleep. (
  • This article was originally posted at Happy Halloween Everyone! (
  • The Sleep Disorder Clinic takes a multi-disciplinary approach to your care with a team that includes neurologists, pulmonologists and psychologists. (
  • Reviewed by The Sleep Medicine Center at The Cleveland Clinic. (
  • If you suspect you have a sleep disorder, visit a primary care physician, mental health professional, or sleep disorders clinic. (
  • At the clinic, board-certified sleep physicians perform patient evaluations and ask for a complete medical and sleep history. (
  • Sleep paralysis , characterized by temporary paralysis of the body shortly before or after sleep. (
  • Sleep paralysis may be accompanied by visual , auditory or tactile hallucinations . (
  • AWAYION BEAUTY (view enhanced post here Hi, Friends! (
  • Curing Sleep Paralysis is something that can be done. (
  • During REM sleep, rapid eye movements occur, breathing becomes irregular, blood pressure rises, and there is a loss of muscle tone (paralysis). (
  • An extreme case is the individual who actually gets out of the house," said Dr. Helene Emsellem, director of the Center for Sleep and Wake Disorders in Chevy Chase, Md. (
  • Lead researcher, Dr Isabel Morales-Muñoz, explained: "We know from previous research that persistent nightmares in children have been associated with both psychosis and borderline personality disorder. (
  • however, medicines that reduce REM sleep or nighttime awakenings may be used for severe nightmares. (
  • Circadian rhythm disorders occur when our internal clocks don't match our daily lives. (
  • The headaches occur during particular sleep stages and are associated with other chronobiologic factors. (
  • Dreams occur during the stage of sleep known as rapid-eye movement (REM), usually in the last half of sleep. (
  • The stages of sleep occur in a repeated pattern or cycle of NREM followed by REM, with each cycle lasting approximately 90 minutes. (
  • They usually occur during the first 30-50% of the sleeping period. (
  • Describe changes in sleep that occur with advanced age. (
  • Is a variation of RLS and is characterized by leg movements or jerks that typically occur every 20 to 40 seconds during sleep. (
  • What period of the night does the majority of 'Rapid Eye Movement (REM)' sleep occur? (
  • Periodic repetitive movements, typically in the lower limbs, that occur about every 20-40 seconds during sleep. (
  • Most of the age-related changes in sleep occur between adulthood and age 60 years except SE, which can continue to decline. (
  • First, look at your sleep routine and make adjustments, like avoidance of caffeine, late-night electronics (even TV), or exercising at bedtime (but exercising early in the day can help promote a restful sleep). (
  • How does Caffeine antagonize the Homeostatic sleep system? (
  • Heed this condition - it could lead to early detection of mental disorders and other illnesses. (
  • Primary sleep disorders are distinguished from those that are not caused by other mental disorders, prescription medications, substance abuse, or medical conditions. (
  • Frequent business and professional travelers across multiple time zones often struggle to sleep enough hours to maintain good health. (
  • An overview of the most frequent sleep disorders encountered in newborns, infants, children and adolescents is provided. (
  • The second part describes the most frequent sleep disorders in greater depth. (
  • They found that frequent waking during the night and irregular sleep routines in early childhood were associated with psychotic experiences as adolescents. (
  • Since the scientific evidence doesn't show a specific dose/response relationship between sleep duration and cardiovascular wellness, the American Heart Association cannot offer specific advice on how much sleep is needed to protect people from cardiovascular disease," she adds. (
  • Other disorders include sleepwalking , night terrors and bed wetting . (
  • Most of the time, night terrors happen during non-REM sleep - about 90 minutes after a child goes to sleep. (
  • Sleep disorder in the young have psychosocial consequences with an impact on work, education and mental health may also underpin unemployment. (
  • RAND's Wendy Troxel shares the science behind the health of sleeping with a partner or not, and provides insights about how to navigate these choices in our relationships. (
  • This weekly recap focuses on the link between civic engagement and health, policy insights from the State of the Union address, what couples can do to improve their sleep, and more. (
  • The amount of sleep you need depends on several factors, including your age, lifestyle, health, and whether you have been getting enough sleep recently. (
  • It may be key to helping you and your health care provider diagnose and treat a sleep disorder. (
  • Insufficient sleep is a major public health issue, as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) caution . (
  • Getting enough sleep is vital to your physical and emotional health. (
  • Sleep disorders can be caused by physical, emotional and mental health issues. (
  • Sleep disorders, health, and safety in police officers. (
  • Sleeping tablets can help attain sound slumbers and sustain health. (
  • We're underdiagnosing this problem," says Carl Boethel, M.D., a sleep specialist at the Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine, in Temple, who was not involved in the study. (
  • And on a cellular level, the momentary drop in oxygen that occurs when a sleeping person stops breathing could lead to brain changes by triggering stress or inflammation, says Anne Wheaton, Ph.D., the lead author of the study and an epidemiologist in the CDC's division of population health. (
  • Sleep is a barometer of good health in the elderly. (
  • Individuals lacking sleep are urged to take the necessary measures and get appropriate shut-eye to avoid further health complications. (
  • Although boozing can help an individual enjoy and groove, excess consumption leads to a number of severe health disorders. (
  • In such health conditions, one can take sleeping tablets to alleviate the complications of an inadequate sleep. (
  • Sleeping is anything but restful for people with sleep apnea - in fact, it poses serious health risks for more than 18 million Americans. (
  • In the case of sleep apnea, serious health conditions may arise if left untreated. (
  • We recently connected with ASAA Sleep Health Medical Advisory Council member, Robyn Woidtke, MSN, RN, RPSGT, CCSH* and Principal at RVW Clinical Consulting, to chat about the value that nurses can bring to sleep health patients and the sleep medicine community at large. (
  • Have you/Has SP} ever told a doctor or other health professional that {you have/s/he has} trouble sleeping? (
  • This PDQ cancer information summary for health professionals provides comprehensive, peer-reviewed, evidence-based information about the pathophysiology and treatment of sleep disorders. (
  • At National Jewish Health, doctors believe people with sleep disorders can lead active and full lives. (
  • Our knowledge and understanding of sleep health has evolved over the past four decades. (
  • Although sleep is a basic behavior in animals as well as humans, researchers still do not completely understand all of its functions in maintaining health. (
  • The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) and other institutes of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) conduct research related to sleep apnea in laboratories at the NIH, and also support additional research through grants to major medical institutions across the country. (
  • The topic that comes to mind when I think about health and wellness is sleep disorders. (
  • Research has shown that the emerging adult population's sleep is suboptimal (Hicks and Pellegrini, 1991), and is related to poor health and wellbeing outcomes (Pilcher, Ginter, and Sadowsky, 1997). (
  • If you suspect that you or your partner may have sleep apnea, here's what you need to know about how the sleep disorder can affect heart health. (
  • This study provides the rationale for further research evaluating the effectiveness of occupational sleep disorders management programs on disease risk, mental health and safety outcomes. (
  • Saliently, investigators have discovered that the sentiments expressed in users' tweets appear to suggest that patients with sleep disorders may be a greater risk of psychosocial issues. (
  • Doctors in the US have been using the social media platform Twitter to identify sleep disorder patients as part of an innovative new study. (
  • The doctors concluded that there were a significant number of people with sleep disorders using social media platforms who had not been previously diagnosed with this kind of condition, meaning the number of such patients is likely to be substantially higher than current figures indicate. (
  • UCSF renovated an entire wing of the hospital to provide a hotel-like feel for patients' overnight sleep tests. (
  • Accredited by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, the center sees more than 2,000 patients a year. (
  • They recruited nearly 700 patients, most of whom were male and in their late 60s, at several sites in 10 countries and found that smoking, head injuries and pesticide use were risk factors for the sleep disorder. (
  • What should patients try before taking a sleep aid? (
  • Provide patients with information on the appropriate use of over-the-counter agents to induce and maintain sleep and to treat insomnia. (
  • Educate patients about the sleep-wake cycle and the physiology of insomnia. (
  • Diagnose sleep disorders in patients with Parkinson disease. (
  • Collaborate with patients on appropriate pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic therapies for sleep disorders. (
  • Advise parents and patients about the effects of cell-phone use on sleep in children and adolescents. (
  • Teach patients and parents about effective sleep hygiene techniques. (
  • Website has information for both doctors and patients and a link to Sleep an online journal. (
  • If caused by illness, effective treatment of a specific medical or psychiatric problem should help alleviate the sleep problem as well. (
  • The recommendations address issues such as pregnancy, menopause, aging, childhood disorders and other specific factors with suggestions for treatment, and an indication of the degree of agreement among experts in each case. (
  • Blumer JL, Findling RL, Shih WJ, Soubrane C, Reed MD. Controlled clinical trial of zolpidem for the treatment of insomnia associated with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder in children 6 to 17 years of age. (
  • Alpha-2 receptor agonists for the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder. (
  • Elie R, Ruther E, Farr I, Salinas E. Sleep latency is shortened during 4 weeks of treatment with zaleplon, a novel nonbenzodiazepine hypnotic. (
  • Physicians in the sleep community and in the psychiatric community need to do a better job of screening and getting effective treatment. (
  • Treatment options are available for most sleep disorders. (
  • A new study found that although sleep disorders are disproportionately higher in athletes, most individuals can find relief through individualized treatment plans. (
  • 10. Surgical treatment for sleep-related breathing disorders. (
  • There are several different treatment options available for sleeping disorders. (
  • Once your disorder is diagnosed, a treatment plan will be designed specifically for you. (
  • As part of your sleep disorder treatment, your sleep medicine physician may recommend a consultation with a sleep psychologist, psychiatrist, otolaryngologist (ear, nose and throat specialist), dentist or a physician specializing in weight reduction. (
  • Info on self-help, as well as medication treatment of ADHD and sleep disorders. (
  • Once these are ruled out, lifestyle changes, ADHD medication schedule changes or additional medication is typically used in the treatment of a sleep disorder. (
  • Treatment can be completely different depending on the disorder but often involves a combination of lifestyle changes and medication. (
  • You may also have a sleep study (polysomnogram). (
  • A study published last year shows how sleeplessness can interfere with the brain's "glymphatic system," which is a cleaning procedure that takes place during sleep, when cerebrospinal fluid flushes away unnecessary proteins and waste from the spaces between neurons. (
  • Co-author Barbara B. Bendlin, Ph.D., of the University of Wisconsin-Madison, explains the motivation for the study, saying, "Previous evidence has shown that sleep may influence the development or progression of Alzheimer's disease in various ways. (
  • The study did not address causality, so "it's still unclear if sleep may affect the development of the disease or if the disease affects the quality of sleep. (
  • Dr. Kimberly Hutchison reviews results from a sleep study with a colleague. (
  • Your doctor might want to refer you to a specialist or schedule you for a sleep study. (
  • A new and interesting study focusing on midday napping for the elderly has shed new light on the importance of sleep and cognitive decline. (
  • Sleep study abnormalities in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. (
  • According to a study of 48 countries, not a single one managed to reach the average of 8 hours of sleep each night! (
  • What's more, the study suggests that sleep apnea is underdiagnosed. (
  • The study, which appears in the April issue of the journal SLEEP, is the first of its kind to look at a representative cross-section of the U.S. population. (
  • Moreover, only quality of sleep was examined in that study. (
  • This study is one of the first to look at relationships between social media use and sleep issues. (
  • Blind Mexican cavefish sleep much less than closely related species that live near the surface, according to a study that involved shaking aquariums to keep fish awake. (
  • We can now begin to ask why sleep is reduced,' said Joshua Gross, an evolutionary geneticist who studies cavefish at the University of Cincinnati and who was not involved in the study. (
  • The sleep diary will help the doctor study the sleep architecture. (
  • If indicated the doctor may ask the person to undergo an overnight sleep study. (
  • This study will help reveal if the eating binges are related to any other sleep disorder. (
  • Older drivers who take Ambien or sleeping pills containing zolpidem have a higher incidence of car crashes, according to a study. (
  • A new study finds women who have trouble sleeping or other sleep disorders may have an increased risk of later developing type 2 diabetes. (
  • Your doctor may suggest you complete a sleep study to confirm sleep apnea. (
  • At the UCSF Sleep Disorders Center, one of the methods we use to diagnose sleep disorders is an overnight sleep study. (
  • There seems to be a causal relationship between impaired sleep and some of the psychiatric symptomatology and disorders that we're seeing," says Robert Stickgold , an associate professor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School who was not involved in this study. (
  • To our knowledge, this study is the first empirical study that has linked sleep-disordered breathing with epigenetic age acceleration," Xiaoyu Li, ScD, of Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston, Massachusetts, told Medscape Medical News . (
  • Commenting on the findings for Medscape Medical News , American Academy of Sleep Medicine spokesperson Nitun Verma, MD, said while the findings are "intuitive, this study does a nice job of starting to quantify it, and it's helpful to be able to tell someone that they may age faster if they have untreated sleep apnea. (
  • The study shows how important this condition of sleep-disordered breathing is," added Verma, a sleep physician at AC Wellness in San Francisco, California. (
  • He recomendeda "Sleep Study" and said something about "OSA" now what may I ask is that! (
  • I WISH my dr. would do a sleep study. (
  • I, too, had to go for a sleep study. (
  • Your physician may recommend testing with an overnight and/or daytime sleep study. (
  • The risk of delivery before 34 weeks' gestation was more than double among women with sleep apnea and nearly double among those with insomnia, according to the study. (
  • It's likely that the prevalence would be much higher if more women were screened for sleep disorders during pregnancy," study senior author Aric Prather, an assistant professor of psychiatry, said in a university news release. (
  • What's so exciting about this study is that a sleep disorder is a potentially modifiable risk factor," added lead author Jennifer Felder, a postdoctoral fellow in psychiatry. (
  • In a 2009 study, he showed that brain levels of a primary component of the plaques naturally rise when healthy young mice are awake and drop after they go to sleep. (
  • The Sleep Laboratory at Cincinnati Children's is specially designed for the study of breathing disorders during sleep and other sleep disorders. (
  • The electrodes that are placed on your child during overnight sleep study will be used for this test. (
  • What 3 main components make up a 'sleep study' or Polysomnogram (PSG)? (
  • Findings of the study, led by Laura K. Barger, PhD, associate physiologist in BWH's Division of Sleep and Circadian Disorders, are published in the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine on November 13, 2014. (
  • Doctors and scientists from the British Sleep Foundation (BSF) are worried that there is a high prevalence of sleep apnoea among lorry drivers. (
  • This page lists by state, sleep centers or labs accredited by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. (
  • There's really a tremendous lack of information about this sleep disorder," said Dr. Charles Cantor, medical director at the Penn Sleep Centers. (
  • The hypothalamus , a peanut-sized structure deep inside the brain, contains groups of nerve cells that act as control centers affecting sleep and arousal. (
  • Sleep-promoting cells within the hypothalamus and the brain stem produce a brain chemical called GABA , which acts to reduce the activity of arousal centers in the hypothalamus and the brain stem. (
  • We have specialized centers for cystic fibrosis, asthma, sleep disorders and rare lung diseases. (
  • He is founder and Past-President of the International Pediatric Sleep Association, member of the Board of Directors of the Italian Association of Sleep Medicine, Field Editor (Pediatrics) of the journal Sleep Medicine and has been elected as Chair of the Childhood Sleep Disorders and Development Section of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. (
  • 9. Positive airway pressure therapy for sleep-related breathing disorders. (
  • While men are more likely to be diagnosed with sleep apnea, the rates for women increase after menopause when hormonal changes affect muscle tone, making the airway more likely to collapse during sleep. (
  • The airway becomes blocked and sleep is disrupted to allow the airway to clear - in severe cases this can happen as many as 400 times a night. (
  • It is caused by an obstruction in the airway during sleep. (
  • The key role of insomnia and sleep loss in the dysregulation of multiple systems involved in mood disorders: A proposed model. (
  • 20. Sleep and Mood Disorders in Children and Adolescents. (
  • 21. Quantitative EEG studies in ADHD and childhood mood disorders. (