Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)
Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.
A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)
Rough, noisy breathing during sleep, due to vibration of the uvula and soft palate.
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration.
A fleshy extension at the back of the soft palate that hangs above the opening of the throat.
A stage of sleep characterized by rapid movements of the eye and low voltage fast pattern EEG. It is usually associated with dreaming.
Excision of the adenoids. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Surgical removal of a tonsil or tonsils. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
Moving a retruded mandible forward to a normal position. It is commonly performed for malocclusion and retrognathia. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Disorders characterized by hypersomnolence during normal waking hours that may impair cognitive functioning. Subtypes include primary hypersomnia disorders (e.g., IDIOPATHIC HYPERSOMNOLENCE; NARCOLEPSY; and KLEINE-LEVIN SYNDROME) and secondary hypersomnia disorders where excessive somnolence can be attributed to a known cause (e.g., drug affect, MENTAL DISORDERS, and SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME). (From J Neurol Sci 1998 Jan 8;153(2):192-202; Thorpy, Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 2nd ed, p320)
A movable fold suspended from the posterior border of the hard palate. The uvula hangs from the middle of the lower border.
A characteristic symptom complex.
A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).
A collection of lymphoid nodules on the posterior wall and roof of the NASOPHARYNX.
A state in which there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli.
Periods of sleep manifested by changes in EEG activity and certain behavioral correlates; includes Stage 1: sleep onset, drowsy sleep; Stage 2: light sleep; Stages 3 and 4: delta sleep, light sleep, deep sleep, telencephalic sleep.
The muscles of the PHARYNX are voluntary muscles arranged in two layers. The external circular layer consists of three constrictors (superior, middle, and inferior). The internal longitudinal layer consists of the palatopharyngeus, the salpingopharyngeus, and the stylopharyngeus. During swallowing, the outer layer constricts the pharyngeal wall and the inner layer elevates pharynx and LARYNX.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
The determination of oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of blood either by withdrawing a sample and passing it through a classical photoelectric oximeter or by electrodes attached to some translucent part of the body like finger, earlobe, or skin fold. It includes non-invasive oxygen monitoring by pulse oximetry.
A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.
Dental devices such as RETAINERS, ORTHODONTIC used to improve gaps in teeth and structure of the jaws. These devices can be removed and reinserted at will.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
Abnormal breathing through the mouth, usually associated with obstructive disorders of the nasal passages.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the nose. The obstruction may be unilateral or bilateral, and may involve any part of the NASAL CAVITY.
Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.
The middle portion of the pharynx that lies posterior to the mouth, inferior to the SOFT PALATE, and superior to the base of the tongue and EPIGLOTTIS. It has a digestive function as food passes from the mouth into the oropharynx before entering ESOPHAGUS.
The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
HYPOVENTILATION syndrome in very obese persons with excessive ADIPOSE TISSUE around the ABDOMEN and DIAPHRAGM. It is characterized by diminished to absent ventilatory chemoresponsiveness; chronic HYPOXIA; HYPERCAPNIA; POLYCYTHEMIA; and long periods of sleep during day and night (HYPERSOMNOLENCE). It is a condition often related to OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA but can occur separately.
The use of electronic equipment to observe or record physiologic processes while the patient undergoes normal daily activities.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Disorders characterized by impairment of the ability to initiate or maintain sleep. This may occur as a primary disorder or in association with another medical or psychiatric condition.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
The total volume of gas inspired or expired per unit of time, usually measured in liters per minute.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
A transient absence of spontaneous respiration.
A round-to-oval mass of lymphoid tissue embedded in the lateral wall of the PHARYNX. There is one on each side of the oropharynx in the fauces between the anterior and posterior pillars of the SOFT PALATE.
A physical misalignment of the upper (maxilla) and lower (mandibular) jaw bones in which either or both recede relative to the frontal plane of the forehead.
A condition characterized by recurrent episodes of daytime somnolence and lapses in consciousness (microsomnias) that may be associated with automatic behaviors and AMNESIA. CATAPLEXY; SLEEP PARALYSIS, and hypnagogic HALLUCINATIONS frequently accompany narcolepsy. The pathophysiology of this disorder includes sleep-onset rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, which normally follows stage III or IV sleep. (From Neurology 1998 Feb;50(2 Suppl 1):S2-S7)
A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Body ventilators that assist ventilation by applying intermittent subatmospheric pressure around the thorax, abdomen, or airway and periodically expand the chest wall and inflate the lungs. They are relatively simple to operate and do not require tracheostomy. These devices include the tank ventilators ("iron lung"), Portalung, Pneumowrap, and chest cuirass ("tortoise shell").
The structure that forms the roof of the mouth. It consists of the anterior hard palate (PALATE, HARD) and the posterior soft palate (PALATE, SOFT).
Partial or total surgical excision of the tongue. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Devices that cover the nose and mouth to maintain aseptic conditions or to administer inhaled anesthetics or other gases. (UMDNS, 1999)
A disorder characterized by aching or burning sensations in the lower and rarely the upper extremities that occur prior to sleep or may awaken the patient from sleep.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A specific category of drugs that prevent sleepiness by specifically targeting sleep-mechanisms in the brain. They are used to treat DISORDERS OF EXCESSIVE SOMNOLENCE such as NARCOLEPSY. Note that this drug category does not include broadly-acting central nervous system stimulants such as AMPHETAMINES.
Cardiac arrhythmias that are characterized by excessively slow HEART RATE, usually below 50 beats per minute in human adults. They can be classified broadly into SINOATRIAL NODE dysfunction and ATRIOVENTRICULAR BLOCK.
The presence of an excessively large tongue, which may be congenital or may develop as a result of a tumor or edema due to obstruction of lymphatic vessels, or it may occur in association with hyperpituitarism or acromegaly. It also may be associated with malocclusion because of pressure of the tongue on the teeth. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A clinical manifestation of abnormal increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.
General increase in bulk of a part or organ due to CELL ENLARGEMENT and accumulation of FLUIDS AND SECRETIONS, not due to tumor formation, nor to an increase in the number of cells (HYPERPLASIA).
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
Timed test in which the subject must read a list of words or identify colors presented with varying instructions and different degrees of distraction. (Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary. 8th ed.)
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
The position or attitude of the body.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)
The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.
A country located in north Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, with a southern border with Western Sahara, eastern border with Algeria. The capital is Rabat.
Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.
A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Methods of creating machines and devices.
A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
The ENTERIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; and SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM taken together. Generally speaking, the autonomic nervous system regulates the internal environment during both peaceful activity and physical or emotional stress. Autonomic activity is controlled and integrated by the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, especially the HYPOTHALAMUS and the SOLITARY NUCLEUS, which receive information relayed from VISCERAL AFFERENTS.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
An abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by alternating periods of apnea and deep, rapid breathing. The cycle begins with slow, shallow breaths that gradually increase in depth and rate and is then followed by a period of apnea. The period of apnea can last 5 to 30 seconds, then the cycle repeats every 45 seconds to 3 minutes.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
Rigid or flexible appliances that overlay the occlusal surfaces of the teeth. They are used to treat clenching and bruxism and their sequelae, and to provide temporary relief from muscle or temporomandibular joint pain.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Method in which prolonged electrocardiographic recordings are made on a portable tape recorder (Holter-type system) or solid-state device ("real-time" system), while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It is useful in the diagnosis and management of intermittent cardiac arrhythmias and transient myocardial ischemia.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
Excessive periodic leg movements during sleep that cause micro-arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. This condition induces a state of relative sleep deprivation which manifests as excessive daytime hypersomnolence. The movements are characterized by repetitive contractions of the tibialis anterior muscle, extension of the toe, and intermittent flexion of the hip, knee and ankle. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p387)
The measurement and recording of MOTOR ACTIVITY to assess rest/activity cycles.
Measurement of volume of air inhaled or exhaled by the lung.
Recording of the average amplitude of the resting potential arising between the cornea and the retina in light and dark adaptation as the eyes turn a standard distance to the right and the left. The increase in potential with light adaptation is used to evaluate the condition of the retinal pigment epithelium.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
A mobile U-shaped bone that lies in the anterior part of the neck at the level of the third CERVICAL VERTEBRAE. The hyoid bone is suspended from the processes of the TEMPORAL BONES by ligaments, and is firmly bound to the THYROID CARTILAGE by muscles.
A condition characterized by severe PROTEINURIA, greater than 3.5 g/day in an average adult. The substantial loss of protein in the urine results in complications such as HYPOPROTEINEMIA; generalized EDEMA; HYPERTENSION; and HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. Diseases associated with nephrotic syndrome generally cause chronic kidney dysfunction.
Sleep disorders characterized by impaired arousal from the deeper stages of sleep (generally stage III or IV sleep).
The posture of an individual lying face up.
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
Chronic inflammatory and autoimmune disease in which the salivary and lacrimal glands undergo progressive destruction by lymphocytes and plasma cells resulting in decreased production of saliva and tears. The primary form, often called sicca syndrome, involves both KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS SICCA and XEROSTOMIA. The secondary form includes, in addition, the presence of a connective tissue disease, usually rheumatoid arthritis.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.
A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
Translocation of body fluids from one compartment to another, such as from the vascular to the interstitial compartments. Fluid shifts are associated with profound changes in vascular permeability and WATER-ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE. The shift can also be from the lower body to the upper body as in conditions of weightlessness.
A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).
Surgery performed on the ear and its parts, the nose and nasal cavity, or the throat, including surgery of the adenoids, tonsils, pharynx, and trachea.
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of SLEEP WAKE DISORDERS and their causes.
Physiological processes and properties of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
The bottom portion of the pharynx situated below the OROPHARYNX and posterior to the LARYNX. The hypopharynx communicates with the larynx through the laryngeal inlet, and is also called laryngopharynx.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
A reduction in the amount of air entering the pulmonary alveoli.
A syndrome of defective gonadal development in phenotypic females associated with the karyotype 45,X (or 45,XO). Patients generally are of short stature with undifferentiated GONADS (streak gonads), SEXUAL INFANTILISM, HYPOGONADISM, webbing of the neck, cubitus valgus, elevated GONADOTROPINS, decreased ESTRADIOL level in blood, and CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS. NOONAN SYNDROME (also called Pseudo-Turner Syndrome and Male Turner Syndrome) resembles this disorder; however, it occurs in males and females with a normal karyotype and is inherited as an autosomal dominant.
A sleep disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth and forceful lateral or protrusive jaw movements. Sleep bruxism may be associated with TOOTH INJURIES; TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS; sleep disturbances; and other conditions.
The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
Drugs used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.
A series of thoughts, images, or emotions occurring during sleep which are dissociated from the usual stream of consciousness of the waking state.
A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.
The act of BREATHING in.
The 12th cranial nerve. The hypoglossal nerve originates in the hypoglossal nucleus of the medulla and supplies motor innervation to all of the muscles of the tongue except the palatoglossus (which is supplied by the vagus). This nerve also contains proprioceptive afferents from the tongue muscles.
Clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorders characterized by dysplasia in one or more hematopoietic cell lineages. They predominantly affect patients over 60, are considered preleukemic conditions, and have high probability of transformation into ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA.
Devices used for influencing tooth position. Orthodontic appliances may be classified as fixed or removable, active or retaining, and intraoral or extraoral. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p19)

Improvement of factor VII clotting activity following long-term NCPAP treatment in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. (1/1461)

Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a very common disorder. Patients with OSAS are at an increased risk for cardiovascular events. It has also been reported that a 25% rise in factor VII clotting activity (FVIIc) is associated with a 55% increase in ischaemic heart disease death during the first 5 years. We examined the effects of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) treatment on FVIIc in patients with OSAS. FVIIc was investigated prospectively in 15 patients with OSAS before (mean +/- SEM apnoea and hypopnoea index (AHI) 61.5 +/- 4.2 and after (AHI 3.0 +/- 0.9) NCPAP treatment for immediate relief, at 1 month after treatment and at over 6 months. FVIIc levels gradually decreased after NCPAP treatment. After 6 months of NCPAP treatment, FVIIc levels had decreased significantly (before 141.1 +/- 11.7% vs. after 6 months 110.7 +/- 6.2%; p < 0.01). Six of the seven patients whose FVIIc levels were over 140% before the NCPAP treatment had FVIIc levels below 130% after 6 months or 1 year of NCPAP treatment. This decrease in FVIIc after long-term NCPAP treatment could improve mortality in OSAS patients. If patients, especially obese ones, present with high FVIIc of unknown origin, it would be prudent to check for OSAS.  (+info)

Effect of obesity and erect/supine posture on lateral cephalometry: relationship to sleep-disordered breathing. (2/1461)

Craniofacial and upper airway anatomy, obesity and posture may all play a role in compromising upper airway patency in patients with the sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between obesity, facial structure and severity of sleep-disordered breathing using lateral cephalometric measurements and to assess the effect of body posture on cephalometric measurements of upper airway calibre variables in obese and non-obese subjects. Lateral cephalometry was carried out in erect and supine postures in 73 awake male subjects randomly selected from patients referred for polysomnography who had a wide range of apnoea/hypopnoea frequencies (1-131 events x h sleep(-1)). Subjects were divided into non-obese (body mass index (BMI) < 30 kg x m(-2); n=42) and obese (BMI > or = 30 kg x m(-2); n=31) groups. Significant but weak correlations were found between apnoea/hypopnoea index (AHI) and measurements reflecting upper airway dimensions: uvular protrusion-posterior pharyngeal wall (r=-0.26, p<0.05) and hyoid-posterior pharyngeal wall (r=0.26, p<0.05). Multiple regression using both upper airway dimensions improved the correlation to AHI (r=0.34, p=0.01). Obese subjects had greater hyoid-posterior pharyngeal wall distances than non-obese subjects, both erect (42+/-5 versus 39+/-4 mm, respectively (mean+/-SD) p<0.01) and supine (43+/-5 versus 40+/-4 mm, p<0.05). Skeletal craniofacial structure was similar in obese and non-obese subjects. In conclusion, measurements reflecting upper airway size were correlated with the severity of sleep-disordered breathing. Differences in upper airway size measurements between obese and non-obese subjects were independent of bony craniofacial structure.  (+info)

Cephalometric abnormalities in non-obese and obese patients with obstructive sleep apnoea. (3/1461)

The aim of this work was to comprehensively evaluate the cephalometric features in Japanese patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and to elucidate the relationship between cephalometric variables and severity of apnoea. Forty-eight cephalometric variables were measured in 37 healthy males and 114 male OSA patients, who were classed into 54 non-obese (body mass index (BMI) <27 kg x m(-2), apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI)=25.3+/-16.1 events x h(-1)) and 60 obese (BMI > or = 27 kg x m(-2), AHI=45.6+/-28.0 events h(-1)) groups. Diagnostic polysomnography was carried out in all of the OSA patients and in 19 of the normal controls. The non-obese OSA patients showed several cephalometric defects compared with their BMI-matched normal controls: 1) decreased facial A-P distance at cranial base, maxilla and mandible levels and decreased bony pharynx width; 2) enlarged tongue and inferior shift of the tongue volume; 3) enlarged soft palate; 4) inferiorly positioned hyoid bone; and 5) decreased upper airway width at four different levels. More extensive and severe soft tissue abnormalities with a few defects in craniofacial bony structures were found in the obese OSA group. For the non-obese OSA group, the stepwise regression model on AHI was significant with two bony structure variables as determinants: anterior cranial base length (S-N) and mandibular length (Me-Go). Although the regression model retained only linear distance between anterior vertebra and hyoid bone (H-VL) as an explainable determinant for AHI in the obese OSA group, H-VL was significantly correlated with soft tissue measurements such as overall tongue area (Ton), inferior tongue area (Ton2) and pharyngeal airway length (PNS-V). In conclusion, Japanese obstructive sleep apnoea patients have a series of cephalometric abnormalities similar to those described in Caucasian patients, and that the aetiology of obstructive sleep apnoea in obese patients may be different from that in non-obese patients. In obese patients, upper airway soft tissue enlargement may play a more important role in the development of obstructive sleep apnoea, whereas in non-obese patients, bony structure discrepancies may be the dominant contributing factors for obstructive sleep apnoea.  (+info)

Craniofacial modifications in children with habitual snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea: a case-control study. (4/1461)

Habitual snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea in children, which are frequently associated with adenotonsillar hypertrophy, may begin early in life and in relation with orocraniofacial features. The aim of this study was to detect the presence of early bone craniofacial modifications in young children with a long history of habitual snoring. Twenty-six habitually snoring children (mean age 4.6 yrs) were studied by nocturnal portable recording or diurnal polysomnography, cephalometry and orthodontic evaluation. A comparison of cephalometric findings was made between the studied group and 26 age-matched children (mean age 5.1 yrs) with no history of snoring or respiratory problems during sleep. The cephalometric analyses showed a significant increase in craniomandibular intermaxillar, lower and upper goniac angles with a retroposition and posterior rotation of the mandible (high angle face) and a reduction in the rhinopharynx space caused by higher thickness of adenoids in habitually snoring children compared with controls. Cross-bites and labial incompetence as well as daytime symptoms and familiarity for habitual snoring were found in most of the studied group of snorers compared with controls. The results indicate that upper airway obstruction during sleep is associated with mild but significant cephalometric and craniofacial modifications in children complaining of habitual snoring. Whether this skeletal conformation is genetically determined or influenced by the early onset of habitual snoring remains to be assessed.  (+info)

Depression of peripheral chemosensitivity by a dopaminergic mechanism in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. (5/1461)

In the present study, respiratory drives to chemical stimuli and peripheral chemosensitivity were evaluated in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSAS). The effects of oral administration of domperidone, a selective dopamine D2-receptor antagonist, were also examined, to study the respiratory effects of endogenous dopamine on peripheral chemoreceptors. Sixteen patients with OSAS and nine normal control subjects were studied. Respiratory responses to hypercapnia and hypoxia were measured using the rebreathing method and isocapnic progressive hypoxia method, respectively. The hypoxic withdrawal test, which measures the decrease in ventilation caused by two breaths of 100% O2 under mild hypercapnic hypoxic conditions (end-tidal oxygen and carbon dioxide tensions approximately 8.0 kPa and 5.3-6.7 kPa, respectively), was used to evaluate peripheral chemosensitivity. In the patients with OSAS, ventilatory responses to hypercapnia and hypoxia were significantly decreased compared with those of control subjects. Hypoxic withdrawal tests showed that peripheral chemosensitivity was significantly lower in patients with OSAS than in normal subjects. Hypercapnic ventilatory response and peripheral chemosensitivity were enhanced by administration of domperidone in the patients with OSAS, although no changes in either of these were observed in the control subjects. The hypoxic ventilatory response and peripheral chemosensitivity in the patients with OSAS were each significantly correlated with severity of hypoxia during sleep. These findings suggest that peripheral chemosensitivity in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome may be decreased as a result of abnormality in dopaminergic mechanisms and that the reduced chemosensitivity observed in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome may affect the severity of hypoxia during sleep.  (+info)

Selective potentiation of peripheral chemoreflex sensitivity in obstructive sleep apnea. (6/1461)

BACKGROUND: The chemoreflexes are an important mechanism for regulation of both breathing and autonomic cardiovascular function. Abnormalities in chemoreflex mechanisms may be implicated in increased cardiovascular stress in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We tested the hypothesis that chemoreflex function is altered in patients with OSA. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared ventilatory, sympathetic, heart rate, and blood pressure responses to hypoxia, hypercapnia, and the cold pressor test in 16 untreated normotensive patients with OSA and 12 normal control subjects matched for age and body mass index. Baseline muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) was higher in the patients with OSA than in the control subjects (43+/-4 versus 21+/-3 bursts per minute; P<0. 001). During hypoxia, patients with OSA had greater increases in minute ventilation (5.8+/-0.8 versus 3.2+/-0.7 L/min; P=0.02), heart rate (10+/-1 versus 7+/-1 bpm; P=0.03), and mean arterial pressure (7+/-2 versus 0+/-2 mm Hg; P=0.001) than control subjects. Despite higher ventilation and blood pressure (both of which inhibit sympathetic activity) in OSA patients, the MSNA increase during hypoxia was similar in OSA patients and control subjects. When the sympathetic-inhibitory influence of breathing was eliminated by apnea during hypoxia, the increase in MSNA in OSA patients (106+/-20%) was greater than in control subjects (52+/-23%; P=0.04). Prolongation of R-R interval with apnea during hypoxia was also greater in OSA patients (24+/-6%) than in control subjects (7+/-5%) (P=0.04). Autonomic, ventilatory, and blood pressure responses to hypercapnia and the cold pressor test in OSA patients were not different from those observed in control subjects. CONCLUSIONS: OSA is associated with a selective potentiation of autonomic, hemodynamic, and ventilatory responses to peripheral chemoreceptor activation by hypoxia.  (+info)

The association between sleep apnea and the risk of traffic accidents. Cooperative Group Burgos-Santander. (7/1461)

BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Drowsiness and lack of concentration may contribute to traffic accidents. We conducted a case-control study of the relation between sleep apnea and the risk of traffic accidents. The case patients were 102 drivers who received emergency treatment at hospitals in Burgos or Santander, Spain, after highway traffic accidents between April and December 1995. The controls were 152 patients randomly selected from primary care centers in the same cities and matched with the case patients for age and sex. Respiratory polygraphy was used to screen the patients for sleep apnea at home, and conventional polysomnography was used to confirm the diagnosis. The apnea-hypopnea index (the total number of episodes of apnea and hypopnea divided by the number of hours of sleep) was calculated for each participant. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 44 years; 77 percent were men. As compared with those without sleep apnea, patients with an apnea-hypopnea index of 10 or higher had an odds ratio of 6.3 (95 percent confidence interval, 2.4 to 16.2) for having a traffic accident. This relation remained significant after adjustment for potential confounders, such as alcohol consumption, visual-refraction disorders, body-mass index, years of driving, age, history with respect to traffic accidents, use of medications causing drowsiness, and sleep schedule. Among subjects with an apnea-hypopnea index of 10 or more, the risk of an accident was higher among those who had consumed alcohol on the day of the accident than among those who had not. CONCLUSIONS: There is a strong association between sleep apnea, as measured by the apnea-hypopnea index, and the risk of traffic accidents.  (+info)

Prognostic value of nocturnal Cheyne-Stokes respiration in chronic heart failure. (8/1461)

BACKGROUND: Nocturnal Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) occurs frequently in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), and it may be associated with sympathetic activation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether CSR could affect prognosis in patients with CHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-two CHF patients with left ventricular ejection fraction /=30/h and left atria >/=25 cm2. CONCLUSIONS: The AHI is a powerful independent predictor of poor prognosis in clinically stable patients with CHF. The presence of an AHI >/=30/h adds prognostic information compared with other clinical, echocardiographic, and autonomic data and identifies patients at very high risk for subsequent cardiac death.  (+info)

Patients with sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome commonly demonstrate impaired daytime performance. In a prospective study, 29 patients with sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome were assessed polysomnographically to determine the relationship of cognitive performance and daytime sleepiness with sleep disruption …
BACKGROUND--Increasing referral numbers make the development of simplified accurate methods of diagnosing the sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome highly desirable. The accuracy of one such system--the ResCare Autoset--has been examined. METHODS--Thirty one consecutive patients assessed by polysomnography had simultaneous monitoring of their respiratory pattern using the Autoset system. The Autoset detects episodes of flattening of the flow/time profile using nasal cannulae. RESULTS--There was a good correlation (r = 0.85) between the number of apnoeas+hypopnoeas/hour in bed recorded using polysomnography and the Autoset system. The median difference in such events was 3.1 (95% confidence interval 8.4 to -1.6)/hour in bed. In two patients the Autoset scored 70 apnoeas+hypopnoeas/hour in bed compared with 34 apnoeas+hypopnoeas with 35 arousals/hour in bed by polysomnography; however, this did not alter the diagnostic category of either patient. Autoset gave a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 92%, ...
1. Benjafield A, Valentine K, Ayas N, et al. Global prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in adults: estimation using currently available data. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.2018; 197:A3962.. 2. Heinzer R, Vat S, Marques-Vidal P, et al. Prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing in the general population: the HypnoLaus study. Lancet Respir Med. 2015;3(4):310-318.. 3. American Dental Association. Proposed policy statement on the role of dentistry in the treatment of sleep-related breathing disorders. American Dental Association Website. http://www.ada.org/~/media/ADA/Member%20Center/FIles/Role_of_Dentistry_in_the_Treatment_of_Sleep_1-5.pdf?la=en. Accessed November 21, 2018.. 4. Gray EL, McKenzie DK, Eckert DJ. Obstructive sleep apnea without obesity is common and difficult to treat: evidence for a distinct pathophysiological phenotype. J Clin Sleep Med. 2017;13(1):81-88.. 5. Eckert DJ. Phenotypic approaches to obstructive sleep apnoea - New pathways for targeted ...
Results 1. The detection rate of OSAHS in hypertension was 23.52% (178/825), while 34.34% (148/431) in males and 11.68% (46/394) in females respectively.. 2. Grouping by body mass index(BMI), the detection rate were 6.6% (12/183) in subjects with normal weight, 22.22% (78/351) in overweight subjects and 36.75% (104/283) in obesity subjects with significant difference(X2=56.736, p,0.01). The severe OSAHS rate (16.61%) in obesity group was significantly higher than that in normal weight group (2.19%) and overweight group (7.69%) (X2=29.219, p,0.01).. 3. Grouping by waist circumference, the OSAHS rate were 7.83% (9/115) in normal group and 26.29% (184/700) in centricity obesity (X2=18.623, p,0.01). The severe OSAHS rate was 2.61% (3/115) in normal group and 10.57% (74/700) in centricity obesity (X2=7.32, p,0.01).. 4. The moderate to severe OSAHS rate was increased with BMI in female patients (X2=5.846, p,0.05). It was increased with BMI and waist circumference in males (p,0.01).. ...
1. Inspiratory flow limitation is involved in the pathophysiology of sleep-related breathing disorders. Since the definition of flow-limited cycle is based on a dissociation between flow and respiratory efforts, identification of inspiratory flow limitation requires upper airway or intrathoracic pressure measurements. We examined the accuracy of the analysis of the flow-volume loop of a tidal breath in identifying inspiratory flow limitation during sleep in ten patients with a sleep apnoea-hypopnoea syndrome. 2. Measurements were taken during continuous positive airway pressure trials. After data acquisition, the presence of inspiratory flow limitation was identified by the presence of an inspiratory plateau or decrease in inspiratory flow independently of the increase in inspiratory efforts. The flow-volume loop was reconstructed for each breathing cycle by plotting the instantaneous flow and the tidal volume. The instantaneous inspiratory and expiratory flows were measured at 50% of the respective
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common sleep related breathing disorder. Its prevalence is estimated to be between 2% and 25% in the general population. However, the prevalence of sleep apnea is much higher in patients undergoing elective surgery. Sedation and anesthesia have been shown …
Sleep-disordered breathing is a disorder of breathing during sleep characterized by prolonged increased upper airway resistance, partial upper airway obstruction, or complete obstruction that disrupts pulmonary ventilation, oxygenation, or sleep quality. Pediatric sleep-disordered breathing is a continuum, with primary snoring at 1 end and complete upper airway obstruction, hypoxemia, and obstructive hypoventilation at the other, giving rise to obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep-disordered breathing is associated with a wide variety of symptoms in children. Snoring is the most common nighttime symptom of sleep-disordered breathing in children. Chronic snoring, although common in adults, is considered abnormal in a pediatric population. Other symptoms associated with sleep-disordered breathing can include restless sleep, frequent arousals, snorting, gasping, unusual sleeping positions (eg, sitting), sweating during sleep, and nocturnal enuresis. The most prominent daytime symptom of sleep-disordered ...
Sleep apnea syndrome is clinically defined by frequent pauses in breathing during sleep and symptoms, such as being tired. It can decrease the restfulness of sleep and decreases the level of oxygen in the blood. Sleep apnea patients suffer from daytime sleepiness, hypertension, coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke, ischemic heart disease, arrhythmias, pulmonary hypertension, heart failure, and premature death. There is significant evidence suggesting that nighttime decreases in blood oxygen levels are the primary cause of many of the abnormalities associated with this disease.. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated a surprisingly high prevalence of sleep apnea. Mild sleep apnea is present in 17% of adults in the general population and moderate to severe sleep apnea is present in 5.7% of adults. Among patients with heart failure the prevalence skyrockets. Multiple studies have found the prevalence of moderate to severe sleep apnea to be anywhere from 11-53% in heart failure ...
Synonyms for sleep apnea syndrome in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for sleep apnea syndrome. 95 synonyms for sleep: slumber(s), rest, nap, doze, kip, snooze, repose, hibernation, siesta, dormancy, beauty sleep, forty winks, shuteye, zizz, slumber.... What are synonyms for sleep apnea syndrome?
In the new study, the researchers followed 664 African-Americans with hypertension who were participants in the Jackson Heart Study, the largest investigation of causes of cardiovascular disease in African-Americans. The researchers tested the participants for obstructive sleep apnea (the most common kind) with a special device used overnight in the home. Researchers classified sleep apnea as unaffected, mild, moderate, or severe based on the number of times a person either partially or completely stopped breathing during sleep. The tests revealed that more than a quarter of the participants had moderate or severe sleep apnea and that the condition had gone undiagnosed in almost all of them-i.e., 94 percent of the cases. The remaining participants had either no sleep apnea, or a milder form of it. ...
Sleep apnea or sleep apnoea is a sleep disorder characterised by pauses in breathing during sleep. These episodes, called apneas (literally, without breath), each last long enough so one or more breaths are missed, and occur repeatedly throughout sleep. There are two distinct forms of sleep apnea: Central and Obstructive. Breathing is interrupted by the lack of effort in Central Sleep Apnea, but from a physical block to airflow despite effort in Obstructive Sleep Apnea. In Mixed Sleep Apnea, both types of events occur. Regardless of type, the individual affected with sleep apnea is rarely (if ever) aware of having difficulty breathing, even upon awakening. Sleep apnea is recognised as a problem by others witnessing the individual during episodes, or is suspected because of its effects on the body (sequelae). This book presents important new research in this field.Lang, Andrew O. is the author of Sleep Apnea Syndrome Research Focus , published 2007 under ISBN 9781600215285 and ISBN ...
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a chronic condition, characterized by recurrent episodes of upper airway collapse during sleep, which affects up to 5% of adults in the Western population. The muscle tone of the human body ordinarily relaxes during sleep, thus causing airway obstruction and leading to sleep apnea. We report a case of a 68-years old male in which dystonic closure of the larynx during sleep caused OSAS. The sleep endoscopy was crucial in establishing the diagnosis of laryngeal dystonia.
Occasionally its possible to have sleep apnea prior to being conscious of it. Sleep apnea is significantly more serious than many realize. Severe sleep apnea can triple your odds of stroke.. Sleep Apnea is extremely common among American adults. It is a major sleep disorder wherein a person abruptly wakes up in the middle of sleep because of blockage in the airway. While its not normally thought of as a serious disease it can have a very negative impact on your life and,if left untreated,could lead to death. If youre aware that you have got sleep apnea,or even suspect that,then speak to your physician about assembling a sleep study so you can get fitted for a CPAP. Therefore,in case you have severe sleep apnea and other therapies have not helped,you want to be certain to speak with your healthcare provider about operation as a possible choice.. } Staying at a wholesome weight is 1 approach to reduce apnea. Sleeping apnea is just among the most frequently encountered problems prevailing around ...
Online Doctor Chat - Severe sleep apnea surgery, tonsils, Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Sleep apnea, Online doctor patient chat conversation by Dr. Shanthi.E
Sleep Apnea Screening. This month CNN.com had an article that was on screening for sleep apnea. The article discusses how sleep apnea cant usually be detected by doctors during routine office visits but screening from your dentist may help. Recent studies have shown that teeth grinding is a major indicator for obstructive sleep apnea. Dentists can screen for teeth grinding. The article clarifies that a dentist can tell you definitively if you grind your teeth or not but they do not diagnose sleep apnea. Medical specialists are the only medical providers who can officially diagnose and treat sleep apnea. The article highlights that sufferers of sleep apnea may never get the benefits of the deep sleep. Symptoms of untreated sleep apnea include feeling sleepy or tired during waking hours, grinding teeth and snoring. Sleep apnea is a condition that affects an estimated one in fifteen Americans, but often goes unnoticed. Sleep apnea can range from mild to severe. The most common sleep apnea is ...
To breathe regularly and smoothly at night is not only socially correct but also healthy. Individuals who snore with trepidation and have lapses in their respiratory rhythm while asleep may be at increased risk of suffering a stroke, as Mohsenin points out in the preceding article.. The role of disruptive snoring and sleep apnea disorder, or sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), in circulatory alteration and vascular injury is a concept of recent development.R1 Evidence of an association between SDB and sustained systemic hypertension, has become available recently. Results from the large community-based Sleep Heart Health StudyR2 indicate that there is a dose-response relationship between SDB and hypertension. The adjusted odds of hypertension increased steadily with apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) values of 15/h to 20/h and higher measured at home, surpassing odds ratios of 2 for very high AHI values. In a similar prospective study of SDB and hypertension, the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort StudyR3 showed that ...
And Many Others……. Get a PDF Sample of Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Market Research Report. After the basic information, the Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Market report sheds light on the production. Production plants, their capacities, global production and revenue are studied. Also, the Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Market growth in various regions and R&D status are also covered.. Following are Major Table of Content of Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Industry:. • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Market Competition by Manufacturers. • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Production, Revenue (Value) by Region (2017-2022). • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions (2017-2022). • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type. • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Market Analysis by Application. • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis. • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Manufacturing Cost Analysis. • Industrial ...
Obstructive sleep apnea​​(OSA) ​is a potentially serious sleep-related ​breathing disorder​ in which ​breathing is briefly and repeatedly interrupted ​during sleep. The apnea in sleep apnea refers to a breathing pause that lasts ​at least ten seconds​. ​Obstructive ​​sleep apnea occurs when the​​ muscles ​in the back of the ​throat fail to keep the airway open​, despite efforts to breathe. Another form of sleep apnea is ​Central​ sleep apnea, in which the ​brain fails to properly control breathing​ during sleep. ​. ...
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing in a nonselected group of children with Down syndrome and to determine significant predisposing factors for this condition. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital in Madrid, Spain. PATIENTS: The study population included 108 consecutive children with Down syndrome (mean [SD] age, 7.9 [4.5] years; range, 1-18 years) independently of whether or not suggestive clinical features of sleep-disordered breathing were present. INTERVENTIONS: In addition to history, physical examination, and lateral radiographs of the nasopharynx, all participants underwent an overnight cardiorespiratory polygraphy at the hospital using a portable ambulatory device (Apnoescreen II plus). An apnea-hypopnea index of at least 3 was required for defining the presence of sleep-disordered breathing. RESULTS: The prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing was 54.6%, with a significantly higher prevalence in boys (64.7%) than in ...
What we dont know from these results is whether sleep apnea is a factor in causing stroke, or whether people who suffer strokes are then more likely to develop sleep apnea. When a person suffers from sleep apnea, their airway collapses during sleep. This airway collapse temporarily cuts off breathing and diminishes the levels of oxygen in the bloodstream. People who suffer from moderate to severe sleep apnea have episodes of disrupted breathing dozens, even hundreds, of times per night. (In this most recent study, researchers defined severe sleep apnea as 30 or more episodes of disrupted breathing per hour of sleep.) Learning more about how disordered breathing affects the brain and may contribute to stroke risk is a critical avenue for additional research ...
Snoring and Sleep Apnea are very often linked. Sleep Apnea Syndromes by nature affect how one breathes in sleep. Because of this, many peoples bed partners will have witnessed different breathing patterns that will result in further evaluation for sleep apnea conditions. Snoring is the most common respiratory disturbance in sleep. It results from a partial airway obstruction that serves as a whistle causing the snoring noises. Snoring however does not confirm Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome, however, as snoring can exist without any sleep disruption, apneas, or hypopneas. The important point is that if a partial obstruction exists and is causing snoring, then the same obstruction may be causing a sleep apnea condition.. Other breathing patterns that are described during sleep include actual periods where the individual is noted to pause in breathing. Also, gasping for air after a pause is common, and can be frightening for the observer. Noises can range from a soft snore to a coarse loud ...
Sildenafil has been shown to aggravate sleep-disordered breathing in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea. The aim of the present study is to examine the frequency of sleep-disordered breathing in obese patients who are candidates for treatment with sildenafil for sexual dysfunction. In addition we wish to assess the effect of sildenafil on sleep-disordered breathing ...
Professor Mary Ips main research interest is sleep related breathing disorders, with a focus on vascular and metabolic consequences of obstructive sleep apnea. Her clinical and translational research embrace a spectrum from epidemiology to patient management. Her work in the late 1990s identified the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome of 4% and 2% in middle-aged Chinese men and women in Hong Kong respectively, which was comparable to that reported in Caucasian populations at that time. Since then, research focussed on OSA and cardiometabolic disorders and the pathogenetic mechanisms, including the roles of obesity and craniofacial factors, adipokines, insulin resistance, endothelial function. In parallel, basic research deploying the intermittent hypoxia models in animal (rats and mice) and cell cultures (endothelial cells, adipocytes, and others) were used to investigate the potential cellular and molecular pathways in the regulation of metabolic or cardiovascular ...
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Somnowell Inventor - Visiting Professor Simon Ash FDS MSc MOrth BDS. Prof. Ash is the inventor of the highly successful SOMNOWELL Chrome device for snoring and sleep apnea.. The Somnowell Chrome is made to exacting standards in the Somnowell laboratory under the supervision of Visiting Professor Simon Ash. Prof. Ash and his master technicians create each Somnowell Chrome device using their wealth of experience and expertise.. Prof. Ash works at the forefront of his profession. He is a Consultant and Specialist Orthodontist with over 30 years clinical experience, with a special interest in sleep related breathing disorders, TMJD, and bruxism. He currently works in Harley Street London and two private hospitals in London as part of a multi-disciplinary team managing snoring and sleep apnea, and is Visiting Professor of Orthodontics at the BPP University. ...
Sleep apnea is characterized by frequent prolonged interruptions of breathing during sleep. This syndrome causes severe sleep disorders and is often responsible for development of other diseases such as heart problems, high blood pressure and daytime fatigue, etc. After diagnosis, sleep apnea is often successfully treated by applying positive air pressure (CPAP) to the mouth and nose. Although effective, the (CPAP) equipment takes up a lot of space and the connected mask causes a lot of inconvenience for the patients. This raised interest in developing new techniques for treatment of sleep apnea syndrome. Several studies indicated that electrical stimulation of the hypoglossal nerve and muscle in the tongue may be a useful method for treating patients with severe sleep apnea. In order to be able to successfully prevent the occurrence of apnea it is necessary to have some technique for early and fast on-line detection or prediction of the apnea events. This paper suggests using measurements of ...
Infant sleep apnea is a sleep related breathing disorder. It involves reductions and pauses in breathing that occur during an infants sleep.
SAN FRANCISCO - New research from Taiwan shows that severe sleep apnea is a risk factor for developing diabetic macular edema, a complication of diabetes that can cause vision loss or blindness. Diabetic macular edema was also more difficult to treat in patients with severe sleep apnea. While earlier research showed a weak connection between the two conditions, evidence is mounting that sleep apnea exacerbates underlying eye disease. The researchers present their study today at AAO 2019, the 123rd Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology. When people with diabetes have poor control over their blood sugar levels, the tiny blood vessels at the back of the eye can become damaged. This condition is called diabetic retinopathy and its a leading cause of blindness in the United States. Sometimes, tiny bulges protrude from the blood vessels, leaking fluid and blood into the retina. This fluid can cause swelling or edema in an area of the retina that allows us to see clearly. Click here ...
However because sleep apnea is strongly associated with obesity, and its related diseases, it has been difficult in the past to produce clear evidence that increased mortality is a result of OSA and not because of other established causes. That evidence is now available and shows that moderate to severe sleep apnea is associated with about five times the risk of dying after you control for other factors that are already known to cause premature death.. Dr Marshall said the study results highlight a need to increase research funding to investigate whether treatment of sleep apnea can decrease heart attacks, strokes and premature deaths. There is a need for high quality clinical trials looking at treatments for sleep apnea that are large enough and long enough to find out whether we can prevent disease or reduce mortality risk.. Professor Ron Grunstein, Head of Sleep and Circadian Research, Woolcock Institute said, Obstructive sleep apnea is a deadly disease and it is now time for public ...
We got home Sunday evening from Chicago, spent some quality time with the kiddos, then hit the ground running Monday morning.. Selah had her ENT appointment to discuss her enlarged tonsils that seem to be the culprit of her severe sleep apnea. Her tonsils are a size 3 (0 being no tonsils and 4 being tonsils so large they actually touch each other). The ENT is scheduling Selah for a tonsillectomy, adenoidectomy, ear tubes, and a sedated hearing exam (ABR). With all of Selahs brain malformations, shes never had a hearing exam (we had a failed attempt at her ENT appointment). Selah will not be able to have prescription pain medication following her surgery because shes under age six and has severe sleep apnea. I have a call in to Selahs neurologist to discuss possible medications to help Selah with her pre-surgery anxiety (in the waiting room at the hospital), as well as post-op meds (Selah must spend the night in the hospital because shes under age six and has severe sleep apnea). Its going ...
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent sleep related breathing disorder associated with several anatomical abnormalities of the upper airway. Acoustic parameters of human speech are influenced by properties of the vocal tract, which includes the upper airway. We hypothesize that it is possible to differentiate OSA patients from non-OSA (healthy) subjects by analyzing potential patients speech signals. using speaker recognition and signal processing techniques, we designed a system for classifying a given speech signal into one of the two groups. the database for this research was constructed from 92 subjects who were recorded reading a one-minute speech protocol immediately prior to a full polysomnography study; one hundred and three acoustic features were extracted from each signal; seven independent Gaussian mixture models (GMM)-based classifiers were implemented; a fusion process was designed to combine the scores of these classifiers and a validation procedure took place in order to ...
The study found that a total number of 2,757 subjects contracted pneumonia during the study. Of that number, subjects with sleep apnea accounted for 9.36 percent of that number, while the control group only accounted for 7.77 percent. The analysis made from the study showed that those suffering from sleep apnea were more likely to develop pneumonia than those who had no trouble sleeping.. Sleep apnea is a sleeping disorder in which pauses in breathing or moments of shallow and infrequent breathing occur during sleep. Each pause, or apnea, in breathing can last anywhere from 10 seconds to several minutes, and can occur up to thirty times per hour.. Prior to this study, research regarding the correlation between sleep apnea and incident pneumonia was non existent, except for in sleep apnea patients who suffered from continuous positive airway therapy. The study, which included subjects suffering from continuous positive airway therapy, found that both study participants living with sleep apnea and ...
Sleep disturbances or obstructive sleep apnea syndrome affects a lot of people who are obese and a new research says now on top of having a
snoring cures sleep apnea fatigue children sleep apnea sleep apnea treatments cpap what is sleep apnea sleep apnea symptoms treatment. sleep apnea forums sleep disorder clinic bristol snore surgery treatment of neonatal apnea Forum, Topics, Posts, Last post Ask about snoring and sleep apnoea ( apnea ), treatments, assessment, surgery...
Many who think they are bunged up from insomnia are really experiencing sleep apnea. According to the Stanford University trellis site, apnea is a cessation of breath. Sleep apnea is when a person stops breathing epoch asleep.. The consult that sleep apnea and insomnia are sometimes mistaken one for another is that some of the symptoms are identical. seeing example, if you are suffering from insomnia, you will experience fatigue during the day and if you are wounded from sleep apnea, you may awaken several times during the night.. While some of the symptoms may be similar, sleep apnea can be life threatening. Some of the potential problems for those obscure sleep apnea include stroke, limelight attack, choice blood pressure and other thorny conditions.. There are multiplied viable causes of sleep apnea including obesity, extensive alcohol use, nose, throat or airway abnormality as well as some chancy diseases such owing to muscular dystrophy.. While you cannot diagnose land apnea at home, ...
Sleeping disorders impact people in different ways. For some people, they may feel they do not have a problem - except for the fact that their sleeping partner complains about their snoring. For others, they may know they have a snoring issue because they constantly wake themselves up gasping for air. This is a dangerous condition known as Obstructive Sleep Apnea OSA (a - without; pnea - breath). If any of these scenarios sound like your experience, then you may have OSA or another type of Sleep Related Breathing Disorder (SRBD). However, before jumping to conclusions, you need to obtain a thorough examination from a primary-care physician who is trained in sleep medicine in conjunction with our office. We have received training in the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders. But the good news is that sleep apnea is a treatable condition.. As for your question, yes, there are many things we can do to treat your snoring after the cause of your problem is properly established. One helpful ...
If youve been diagnosed with sleep apnea - or think you may have it - why should you seek treatment? To begin with, effective sleep apnea treatment will reduce and potentially eliminate the negative effects of the condition, such as snoring, drowsiness, lack of energy and impaired driving. Most sleep apnea patients who successfully undergo treatment experience increased energy4 and a healthier mental attitude - not to mention the satisfaction of consistently getting a good nights rest.. There are more incentives to seek sleep apnea treatment. Effective therapy can also help alleviate other conditions often associated with sleep apnea - such as heart disease,1 diabetes2 and obesity3 and even help prevent these conditions from developing. Simply put, effective sleep apnea treatment can reduce your health risks, improve your daily energy levels and help you feel more like yourself again. By continuing your sleep apnea treatment regularly, you are making an important decision to take control of ...
The realities of life with sleep apnea may seem foreboding. Still, there is one other important reality: sleep apnea is a treatable condition, and with the right equipment, the symptoms and side effects of sleep apnea can be reduced or even eliminated.. There are two effective ways to treat sleep apnea. One is with continuous positive airway pressure or the CPAP machine. The sleeper wears a mask over the face, attached to a hose and a motorized unit. When you wear the mask, a supply of gently pressurized air moves continually through your airway. Your airway remains open, ensuring you get enough oxygen when youre asleep.. The second treatment is an oral device that you wear for sleeping. It holds your jaw or tongue in a better position to help your airway stay open when you sleep. Its suitable for those with mild sleep apnea, and for people who snore. This device is an oral appliance you can get from your dentist after an evaluation and sleep study test.. ...
Sleep apnea is an SRBD, sleep-related breathing disorder, that affects a persons respiratory airflow. If you have any questions or concerns regarding your health and would like to know if you are suffering from sleep apnea, then contact your Leawood, KS, today!
Obstructive Sleep Apnea is the most common sleep related breathing disorder. OSA occurs when the tissue in the back of the throat collapses, narrowing the throat passageway during sleep either partially or completely blocking the airways. This can happen because muscles in the throat relax while you sleep, and gravity then causes the tongue to fall back and block the airways. Airway blockage can cause breathing problems and may stop breathing for several seconds many times during the night. Symptoms can include loud snoring, choking, gasping for breath, non-restful sleep, fatigue and feeling sleep deprived throughout the day. OSA can occur in both men and women of all ages; but it is most common in overweight, middle-aged men. There is a strong correlation between weight and OSA. When you gain weight, your neck tends to get thicker increasing the amount of fat in the back of the throat narrowing the airway; consequently your airway is more likely to become blocked. People with OSA often have a ...
For those who are looking for a sleep apnea cure, sleep apnea surgery is the last resort unless the condition is life threatening. There are other treatment methods to try before resorting to sleep apnea surgery. Some of the treatment methods are lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, drinking and overeating. Others are through the use of a machine such as the CPAP machine, which keeps a constant flow of air to the person throughout the night. There are also devices that can be obtained from the dentist to help and reposition the jaw so that the tongue and other tissues are not as likely to block the airway. There are even pillows that are especially made to be used by sleep apnea sufferers, which help to keep the head in place during the night, or will help to keep the person from sleeping on his back.. Procedures Of Sleep Apnea Surgery. Once these other treatment methods have been tried, or if the sleep apnea is dangerous to the persons life, then the sleep apnea surgical treatments can ...
Book an appointment for sleep apnea treatment Reynoldsburg, OH today. 3 quality doctors and clinicians available today locally and or via video telehealth at affordable cash prices. Sesame helps you find affordable, sleep apnea treatment with a simple way to book and pay. Book now and save on sleep apnea treatment with Sesame. No insurance is necessary. Sleep apnea can be treated. Sleep apnea should be checked by a sleep specialst and if needed a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine perscribed for the patient. The first step might be to see a primary care provider in or near you Reynoldsburg, OH today.
It is known that acute or chronic heart failure can develop in patients with grave sleep apnea syndrome (SAS), and known to have the social problem including an accident and the decrease of the labor will. Several medical treatments are now available for SAS. We considered problems of the treatment based on the practice situation of our department about the present conditions and subsequent treatment. The subjects consisted of 306 patients. We measured Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and apnea hypopnea index (AHI) after polysomnography in all patients at the first time and 6 months later. So, it was found that AHI and ESS decreased when we could be treated in the SAS patients appropriately. It was confirmed that the choice of the appropriate regimen was important.
This study showed that sleep apnea is an independent risk factor for incident pneumonia. Our results also demonstrated an exposure-response relation in that patients with more severe sleep apnea may have a higher risk of pneumonia than patients with sleep apnea of milder severity.. In a study involving hospital-admitted patients with sleep apnea, Spurr and colleagues8 found that pneumonia was one of the most common reasons for admission. Another study by Morimoto and coauthors10 showed that, among older inpatients with sleep apnea, mortality from all causes was increased as well as from pneumonia. A nested case-control study showed that, among children with sleep apnea, those with pneumonia had a higher rate of obstructive sleep apnea (79/1546, 5%) than those without pneumonia (6/441, 1.3%) (p , 0.001).9 In contrast to several studies that showed an association between sleep apnea and pneumonia, Sanner and associates11 found that patients with sleep apnea who received CPAP therapy (n = 206) had ...
University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) researchers received $2.9 million from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases to study the outcomes of patients with sleep apnea and chronic kidney disease.. Chronic kidney disease is characterized by a slow, progressive decline in kidney function. If untreated, the disease leads to end-stage renal failure, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant. The two most common risk factors are high blood pressure and diabetes.. A previous study led by Ana Ricardo, MD, MPH, MS, UIC associate professor of medicine in the College of Medicine, demonstrated that poor sleep quality and short sleep duration speeds up the progression of kidney disease.. That research led us to our new study in which we will evaluate how sleep-disordered breathing might impact the progression of chronic kidney disease, Ricardo says in a release. The most common type of sleep-disordered breathing is obstructive sleep apnea, which is characterized by the ...
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Somnowell Inventor - Visiting Professor Simon Ash FDS MSc MOrth BDS. Prof. Ash is the inventor of the highly successful SOMNOWELL Chrome device for snoring and sleep apnoea.. The Somnowell Chrome is made to exacting standards in the Somnowell laboratory under the supervision of Visiting Professor Simon Ash. Prof. Ash and his master technicians create each Somnowell Chrome device using their wealth of experience and expertise.. Prof. Ash works at the forefront of his profession. He is a Consultant and Specialist Orthodontist with over 30 years clinical experience, with a special interest in sleep related breathing disorders, TMJD, and bruxism. He currently works in Harley Street London and two private hospitals in London as part of a multi-disciplinary team managing snoring and sleep apnoea, and is Visiting Professor of Orthodontics at the BPP University. ...
Idio pathic pulmona ry fib rosis (IPF) is a ch ronic and usually fatal lung disease of unknown etiology. The aim of this study was to desc ribe clinical and polysomnog ra phic featu res of slee p- rel
Often, the best treatment for obstructive sleep apnea is continuous positive airway pressure (C.P.A.P.). Its the only effective treatment for severe sleep apnea. If you have mild or moderate sleep apnea, your doctor may recommend one of these alternate treatments instead of CPAP: Making lifestyle changes: losing weight, avoiding alcohol and sedatives Dental appliances Surgery, including tonsillectomy and ...
Fatigue, a foggy mind, and irritability are all signs youre not getting enough sleep-and neither might your sleeping partner from your continuous snoring. You might have a common form of sleep-related breathing disorder (SRBD) known as obstructive sleep apnea.. Sleep apnea occurs when the airway becomes obstructed (usually by the tongue), resulting in a lack of oxygen. The body rouses from sleep just enough to correct the obstruction. This can occur and interrupt deep sleep several times a night, causing the aforementioned problems as well as personality changes, high blood pressure or increased stomach acid reflux. If the problem persists, sleep apnea could also become a long-term factor in the development of heart disease, diabetes or other serious conditions.. Fortunately, we can do something about it. While some may require more invasive intervention, most cases of sleep apnea can be alleviated through continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. In this therapy, an electrical pump ...
... - The Phantom of the Night: Overcome Sleep Apnea Syndrome and Win Your Hidden Struggle to Breathe, Sleep, and Live ... "Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome: Is It a Unique Clinical Syndrome?". Sleep. 29 (9): 1203-1209. doi:10.1093/sleep/29.9.1203. PMID ... "The Medical Cost of Undiagnosed Sleep Apnea". Sleep. 22 (6): 749-755. doi:10.1093/sleep/22.6.749. PMID 10505820. "Sleep Apnea ... Sleep apnea is often diagnosed with an overnight sleep study. For a diagnosis of sleep apnea, more than five episodes per hour ...
... sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome, and narcolepsy. Respiratory therapy Certified Respiratory Therapist American Association ... The sleep disorder specialist scores and performs polysomnography and also assists in diagnosing and preparing a treatment plan ... A Sleep disorder specialist (SDS) is a Registered Respiratory Therapist (RRT-SDS) that has successfully passed the ... Some of the conditions the sleep disorder specialist helps evaluate and treat are; insomnia, ...
The terms obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) or obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) may be used to refer to ... Obstructive Sleep Apnea is differentiated from central sleep apnea (CSA), which is characterized by episodes of reduction or ... "Obstructive sleep apnea is a common disorder in the population-a review on the epidemiology of sleep apnea". Journal of ... "Cognitive impairment in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: a descriptive review". Sleep and Breathing. 25 (1): 29-40. doi: ...
The Imperial College Healthcare shows attention to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) and very few other sleep disorders. ... Sleep apnea, obstructive sleep apnea, obstruction of the airway during sleep, causing lack of sufficient deep sleep, often ... Other forms of sleep apnea are less common. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a medical disorder that is caused by repetitive ... Several types of sleep apnea Snoring Upper airway resistance syndrome Restless leg syndrome Periodic limb movement disorder ...
The syndrome can be associated with sleep apnea. The physical characteristics of the syndrome can result in difficult ... "Obstructive sleep apnoea in a puerperal patient with Hallermann-Streiff syndrome". Eur. Respir. J. 14 (4): 974-7. doi:10.1034/j ... Hallermann-Streiff syndrome is a congenital disorder that affects growth, cranial development, hair-growth, and dental ... The genetic cause of Hallermann-Streiff syndrome has not been conclusively determined. It is most likely due to a de novo ...
"Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome Following Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty for Sleep Apnea". in "Abstracts Presented at the Thirty-First ... Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) is the combined presence of Wernicke encephalopathy (WE) and Korsakoff syndrome. Due to the ... The syndrome is a combined manifestation of two namesake disorders, Wernicke encephalopathy and alcoholic Korsakoff syndrome. ... "Korsakoff's syndrome" was coined. Although WE and AKS were discovered separately, these two syndromes are usually referred to ...
"The epiglottis and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome". The Journal of Laryngology & Otology. 112 (10): 940-943. doi:10.1017/ ... Abnormal positioning of the epiglottis is a rare cause of obstructive sleep apnoea. The epiglottis is present in mammals, ...
... is associated with symptoms including global developmental delay, hypotonia, obstructive sleep apnea, ... "Orphanet: AHDC1 related intellectual disability obstructive sleep apnea mild dysmorphism syndrome". www.orpha.net. Retrieved ... "Ahdc1-Related Intellectual Disability-Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Mild Dysmorphism Syndrome disease: Malacards - Research Articles ... "Xia-Gibbs Syndrome - Ontology Report - Rat Genome Database". rgd.mcw.edu. Retrieved 2015-10-18. "Xia-Gibbs Syndrome disease: ...
Ahmed MH, Byrne CD (September 2010). "Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and fatty liver: association or causal link?". World J. ... Bhattacharjee R, Gozal D (September 2010). "Metabolic disease in sleep disordered breathing: puberty! puberty!". Sleep. 33 (9 ... and sleep apnea. Steatosis reflects an impairment of the normal processes of synthesis and elimination of triglyceride fat. ... obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), insulin resistance, or alcoholism. Nutrient malnutrition may also cause the mobilisation of fat ...
"Effects of Oropharyngeal Exercises on Patients with Moderate Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome". American Journal of Respiratory ... "Myofunctional Therapy to Treat Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis". Sleep. 38 (5): 669-75. doi: ... In treatment of sleep apnea, oral myology therapy involves a series of exercises designed to improve tongue position and tongue ... Patients with sleep apnea and other breathing difficulties usually have decreased tone and mobility in the cheek, tongue, lip, ...
Brugada syndrome Incubus Sleep apnea Sleep paralysis Pesanta Lietuvēns Ramos, Maximo D. (1971). Creatures of Philippine Lower ... The batibat forbids humans from sleeping near its post. When a person does sleep near it, the batibat transforms into its true ... Weidenfeld, Lisa (October 26, 2018). "Sabrina goes to sleep and finds a whole lot of terrifying adventures". The A.V. Club. ... form and attacks the person by suffocating their victim and invading their dream space, causing sleep paralysis and waking ...
... efficacy and side effects in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. 2009 Oct 15;5(5):431-8. "The ... Obstructive sleep apnea or sleep apnea is defined as either cessation of breathing (apnea) for 10 seconds, or a decrease in ... In obstructive sleep apnea, affected individuals are categorized based on how many apneas or hypopneas (apnea-hypopnea index or ... It is rare to have this procedure performed as the only surgical treatment for sleep apnea, as obstruction in sleep apnea is ...
"Lingual Tonsil Hypertrophy as a Cause of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome - Case Report". New Medicine. 19 (4): 130-132. doi: ... Enlarged or hypertrophic lingual tonsils have the potential to cause or exacerbate sleep apnea. Lingual tonsil Lingual tonsil ...
Apnea & hypopnea detection - Diagnostic components of sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome and periodic breathing. Apnea & hypopnea ... RIP has been used in many clinical and academic research studies in a variety of domains including polysomnographic (sleep), ... classification - Phase relation between thorax and abdomen classifies apnea/hypopnea events into central, mixed, and ...
2005). "Didgeridoo playing as alternative treatment for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: randomised controlled trial". BMJ. ... the British Medical Journal found that learning and practising the didgeridoo helped reduce snoring and obstructive sleep apnea ... by strengthening muscles in the upper airway, thus reducing their tendency to collapse during sleep. In the study, intervention ...
... pediatric Central sleep apnea syndromes Central sleep apnea with Cheyne-Stokes breathing Central sleep apnea due to a medical ... G47.30 Alveolar hypoventilation syndrome G47.31 Central sleep apnoea G47.32 Obstructive sleep apnoea G47.38 Other sleep apnoea ... Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome M04 Central Sleep Apnea M05 Sleep-Related Hypoventilation M06 Circadian Rhythm Sleep- ... sleep apnea Primary central sleep apnea of infancy Primary central sleep apnea of prematurity Treatment-emergent central sleep ...
... obestatin and apelin levels in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome". Medical Science Monitor. 17 (3): CR159-164. ... In obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea, leptin level is increased, but decreased after the administration of continuous ... August 2003). "Leptin and ghrelin levels in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea: effect of CPAP treatment". The European ... In non-obese individuals, however, restful sleep (i.e., 8-12 hours of unbroken sleep) can increase leptin to normal levels. All ...
"A review of EPAP nasal device therapy for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome". Sleep & Breathing. 19 (3): 769-74. doi:10.1007/ ... Nasal expiratory positive airway pressure (Nasal EPAP) is a treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and snoring. ... In OSA it appears to be effective to reduce but not eliminate apnea for people with mild to moderate OSA (Apnea-hypopnea index ... "Treatments for Obstructive Sleep Apnea". J Clin Outcomes Manag. 23 (4): 181-192. PMC 4847952. PMID 27134515. (Articles with ...
"Didgeridoo playing as alternative treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome: randomised controlled trial". BMJ. 332 (7536 ... for demonstrating that regular playing of a didgeridoo is an effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea and snoring. ... to awaken sleeping people in case of a fire or other emergency, and for applying this knowledge to invent the wasabi alarm. ...
The presence of other sleep disorders (e.g., obstructive sleep apnea syndrome). Bruxism is derived from the Greek word βρύκειν ... such as obstructive sleep apnea, snoring, moderate daytime sleepiness,[medical citation needed] and insomnia Down syndrome ... normally used for treatment of obstructive sleep apnea) may reduce sleep bruxism, although its use may be associated with ... during sleep ("sleep bruxism"), or while awake ("awake bruxism"). This is the most widely used classification since sleep ...
... www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/guide/understanding-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome. Pang, D. S.; Robledo, C. J.; Carr, D. R.; ... For example, sleep apnea is a condition where there is partial, or complete, blockage of breathing during sleep. In addition, ... Theta waves are especially prominent during ongoing behaviors and during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Studies have shown ... and influence on sleep patterns. Some of these oxygen environments include hyperoxic conditions, which is a condition where ...
Bio-radar can be used in sleep medicine for sleep apnea syndrome monitoring in adults and newborns. Furthermore, it can be used ... "A Novel Method for Recognition of Bioradiolocation Signal Breathing Patterns for Noncontact Screening of Sleep Apnea Syndrome ... Information Value of Diagnostic Data Obtained by Bioradiolocation Pneumography in Non-contact Screening of Sleep Apnea Syndrome ... While the examinee maintains a calm state (e.g. is sleeping or sitting in a fixed pose) modulation of bio-radar signal is ...
... and quality of sleep should be discussed to rule out any diseases such as obstructive sleep apnea and restless leg syndrome. ... "How to Sleep Better". Sleep Foundation. 17 April 2009. Retrieved 14 January 2021. "CDC - Sleep Hygiene Tips - Sleep and Sleep ... The amount of sleep needed can depend on sleep quality, age, pregnancy, and level of sleep deprivation. Insufficient sleep has ... Biological Rhythms, Sleep and Hypnosis by Simon Green "Sleep Debt: Can You Catch up on Sleep?". Sleep Foundation. 20 January ...
... individuals with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, postmenopausal women,[non-primary source needed] type 2 diabetics, ... "The prevalence of calcified carotid artery atheromas in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome". Journal of Oral and ... "The prevalence of carotid atheromas seen on panoramic radiographs of patients with obstructive sleep apnea and their relation ...
"Transoral robotic tongue base resection in obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea syndrome: A preliminary report". ORL. 72 (1): 22- ... 2016). "Outcomes for multilevel surgery for sleep apnea: Obstructive sleep apnea, transoral robotic surgery, and ... is one common way to measure the degree of a patient's sleep apnea. The higher the number, the worse the breathing during sleep ... TransOral Robotic Sleep Apnea (TORSA) surgery utilizes the same approach to open the upper airway of patients with obstructive ...
Finally there is a lower complication rate, although obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is associated. Both techniques ... Acute obstructive sleep apnea as a complication of sphincter pharyngoplasty. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 1996. 33(3):183-9. ... which can result in sleep apnea. Alternatively, a postoperative situation can be created with the same symptoms as before ... without causing upper airway obstruction and sleep apnea.Nowadays the procedure that is chosen the most from the palatoplasties ...
2005). "ACephalometric Comparison of Patients With the Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome and Their Siblings". Sleep. Gungor; et al ... on adult men and women and found that location of the hyoid also correlates with the obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome ... Three of which indicated the importance of hyoid position in pediatric sleep apnea. Future studies are needed in this area. A ... It has been used for studies in obstructive sleep apnea. As cephalometry become more digitized by using different programs and ...
These phenomena can occur during wakefulness or during sleep, where they are called the central sleep apnea syndrome (CSAS). It ... "The role of central chemosensitivity in central apnea of heart failure". Sleep. 16 (8 Suppl): S37-S38. doi:10.1093/sleep/16. ... Khoo, MC; Gottschalk, A; Pack, AI (1991). "Sleep-induced periodic breathing and apnea: a theoretical study". Journal of Applied ... The distinction lies in what is observed at the trough of ventilation: Cheyne-Stokes respiration involves apnea (since apnea is ...
"The effectiveness of tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy in the treatment of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome: a ... Widest agreement surrounds the removal of the adenoid for obstructive sleep apnea, usually combined with tonsillectomy. Even ... between enuresis and obstructive sleep in general but an increase with advancing severity of obstructive sleep apnea, observed ... and relationship with obstructive sleep apnea". J. Pediatr. 159 (2): 238-42.e1. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2011.01.036. PMID 21397910 ...
... is associated with NTG as are conditions like Flammer syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea. Flammer syndrome has been ... Clinical Interventions in Aging 2014:9 1563-1571 De Groot V.: Eye diseases in patients with sleep apnea syndrome. Bull Soc ... metabolic syndrome, and Flammer syndrome. Over many years, glaucoma has been defined by an intraocular pressure of more than 20 ... NTG patients tend to suffer "dips", sudden and unnoticed drops in blood pressure during sleep. Without treatment, NTG leads to ...
... abnormal breathing or inspiratory stridor during sleep other sleep disorders including sleep apnea, REM behavior disorder ... The most common first sign of MSA is the appearance of an "akinetic-rigid syndrome" (i.e. slowness of initiation of movement ... July 2003). "REM sleep behavior disorder is related to striatal monoaminergic deficit in MSA". Neurology. 61 (1): 29-34. doi: ... Parkinsonian syndromes are a group of movement disorders characterized by classical motor symptoms such as tremors, ...
It is considered "the EEG marker of unstable sleep". CAP does not occur during REM. In Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, CAP modulates ... CPAP is used to treat obstructive sleep apnea or OSA). CAP is a marker of NREM instability and is also the "master clock" that ... Sleep. 8 (2): 137-145. doi:10.1093/sleep/8.2.137. ISSN 0161-8105. PMID 4012156. Kryger (2017). Principles and Practice of Sleep ... Eisensehr, I.; Parrino, L.; Noachtar, S.; Smerieri, A.; Terzano, M.G. (2001-09-01). "Sleep in Lennox-Gastaut syndrome: the role ...
Rett syndrome Sleep apnea Control of respiration Ventral respiratory group Smith JC, Ellenberger HH, Ballanyi K, Richter DW, ... such as Rett syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea. AIH leads to persistent increases in respiratory frequency and amplitude of ... it has been used as a model to study pathological conditions such as apnea of prematurity and sudden infant death syndrome. The ... such as Rett syndrome and sudden infant death syndrome. Both the eupneic and the sigh rhythms involve activation of the ...
... restless legs syndrome and sleep apnea. REM sleep behavior disorder and dementia with Lewy bodies "REM sleep behavior disorder ... Sleep disorders (disrupted sleep cycles, sleep apnea, and arousal from periodic limb movement disorder) are common in DLB and ... the REM Sleep Behavior Questionnaires - Hong-Kong (RBD-HK), the Mayo Sleep Questionnaire (MSQ), the Innsbruck REM Sleep ... People with Capgras syndrome may not tolerate AChEIs. The first steps in managing sleep disorders are to evaluate the use of ...
Additional neuromuscular features include sleep apnea, muscular spasticity, progressive loss of muscle strength and tone ... Kübra Şahan, A. (2019, December 23). "Chewing and Swallowing Training Program in Coffin-Lowry Syndrome". "Coffin Lowry Syndrome ... GeneReviews/UW/NIH entry on Coffin-Lowry syndrome Coffin-Lowry syndrome: MedlinePlus Genetics (Articles with short description ... The Coffin-Lowry Syndrome Foundation acts as a clearinghouse for information on Coffin-Lowry syndrome and hosts a forum for ...
Other unique features of Potocki-Lupski syndrome include infantile hypotonia, sleep apnea, structural cardiovascular anomalies ... Potocki-Lupski syndrome (PTLS), also known as dup(17)p11.2p11.2 syndrome, trisomy 17p11.2 or duplication 17p11.2 syndrome, is a ... where both reciprocal recombinations result in a contiguous gene syndrome. Its reciprocal disease is Smith-Magenis syndrome ( ... Potocki-Lupski syndrome is considered a rare disease, predicted to appear in at least 1 in 20,000 humans. Symptoms of the ...
... central sleep apnea, hypopnea, bradypnea). Skin : thermal regulation, dryness through sweat disturbances Other areas: ... Guillain-Barré syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, leprosy, Sjögren's syndrome, Babesiosis, Lyme disease, vasculitis, ... Carpal tunnel syndrome and axillary nerve palsy are examples. Direct injury to a nerve, interruption of its blood supply ... A 2017 Cochrane review examining opioid therapy as a treatment for many non-cancer pain syndromes (including neuropathic pain) ...
... of obstructive sleep apnea, increased sleep disordered breathing, and inadequate sleep hygiene. Another important factor ... metabolic changes which might increase sleep disorders such as restless leg syndrome, gastroesophageal reflux, increase in ... sleep tend to stabilise and mothers' sleep becomes more regular. Poor sleep quality, sleep fragmentation and increased ... They sleep on average more during this time compared to pre-pregnancy sleep time. Total sleep time, however, decreases as the ...
Sleep apnea is defined as a sleep disorder consisting of pauses of breathing or shallow and infrequent breathing during sleep. ... Metabolic syndrome has been associated with harmful effects with fertility. People with metabolic syndrome can have high ... Sleep apnea is more commonly found in obese people. The mechanism of correlation between sleep apnea and infertility is not ... Some studies have found that sleep apnea disrupts sleep quality decreasing the pituitary gonadal function and concentration of ...
Patients with PYCD are at a high risk of severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) due to upper airway obstructions. OSA must be ... Because of the bone denseness, those with the syndrome suffer from fractures. Those with the syndrome have brittle bones which ... Snoring can be one of the presenting complaints and this needs early evaluation and management of obstructive sleep apnea if ... and/or occupational modifications Orthopedic care for fractures and scoliosis Sleep medicine to address sleep apnea Dental and ...
... if midazolam is given for a few days or more a withdrawal syndrome can occur. Therefore, preventing a withdrawal syndrome ... Bailey PL, Pace NL, Ashburn MA, Moll JW, East KA, Stanley TH (November 1990). "Frequent hypoxemia and apnea after sedation with ... This results in the following pharmacological properties being produced: sedation, induction of sleep, reduction in anxiety, ... A "midazolam infusion syndrome" may result from high doses, is characterised by delayed arousal hours to days after ...
Obstructive sleep apnea improves markedly with weight loss and bariatric surgery may be curative for sleep apnea. Snoring also ... where it gives rise to a physiological reaction called dumping syndrome. The body will flood the intestines with gastric ... obstructive sleep apnea, diabetes mellitus, and history of prior pulmonary embolism. It is also affected by the experience of ... sleep apnea, and other comorbid conditions. Bariatric surgery is the term encompassing all of the surgical treatments for ...
... or Osas may refer to: Osas Ighodaro, a Nigerian actress Sleep Apnea - Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Perseverance of the ...
... obstructive sleep apnoea and seizures. In 2014, a human genetic disorder (Xia-Gibbs Syndrome) caused by de novo mutations in ... "Xia-Gibbs Syndrome - Ontology Report - Rat Genome Database". rgd.mcw.edu. Retrieved 2015-10-18. "Xia-Gibbs Syndrome disease: ... "New syndrome caused by mutations in AHDC1". ScienceDaily. April 25, 2017. Retrieved April 25, 2017. "New syndrome caused by ... and Sleep Apnea". The American Journal of Human Genetics. 94 (5): 784-789. doi:10.1016/j.ajhg.2014.04.006. PMC 4067559. PMID ...
Sleep apnoea, Hypertension, Arthralgia and Arthritis and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome. Arthralgia and Carpal Tunnel Syndrome both ... A CD4 count less than 200 is a diagnosis of Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Oral manifestations of human ... Behcet's Syndrome, pemphigus vulgaris, herpes simplex, histoplasmosis, and reactive arthritis. A heart attack is a blood vessel ... can experience burning mouth syndrome and candidal infections as well as experiencing altered taste sensation, altered tooth ...
Often it is the result of sleep deprivation, mental fatigue, depression, sleep apnea, hypoxia, narcolepsy, or idiopathic ... For wider scope see: Disease model of addiction Long-term impact of alcohol on the brain Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome - vitamin ... conscious awareness of the deep sleep state. "Yogi sleep" is a sleep-like state which yogis report to experience during their ... Neuroscience of sleep - the study of the neuroscientific and physiological basis of the nature of sleep and its functions. ...
Central sleep apnea or obstructive sleep apnea may cause excessive daytime sleepiness, and these individuals should undergo a ... Olbrych-Karpińska B, Tutaj A (September 1981). "[Case of Curschmann-Batten-Steinert syndrome]". Wiad. Lek. (in Polish). 34 (17 ... and type 1 myotonic dystrophy is therefore sometimes known as Curschmann-Batten-Steinert syndrome. The underlying cause of type ... sleep study. Non-invasive ventilation may be offered if there is an abnormality. Otherwise, there is evidence for the use of ...
... has also been found to improve sleep apnea in people with Alzheimer's. It also improves gait in people with mild ... CADASIL syndrome, and Down syndrome. A three-year National Institutes of Health trial in people with mild cognitive impairment ... Moraes W, Poyares D, Sukys-Claudino L, Guilleminault C, Tufik S (March 2008). "Donepezil improves obstructive sleep apnea in ... In those with Tourette syndrome and ADHD, donepezil may reduce tics while it had no effect on ADHD's symptoms. Donepezil along ...
... coronary syndromes, hypertension, cardiac arrhythmia, sleep apnea, stroke, dementia and Alzheimer's disease. Such diseases are ... Cardiology research Acute coronary syndromes Interventional cardiac electrophysiology Sleep medicine Neurology research Stroke ... European Sleep Apnea Database, and EATRIS (a network for conducting research in translational medicine). The Centre is taking ...
... (CSA) or central sleep apnea syndrome (CSAS) is a sleep-related disorder in which the effort to breathe is ... central sleep apnea was significantly higher than the prevalence among patients with obstructive sleep apnea or no sleep apnea ... Central sleep apnea due to a medication or substance and Treatment Emergent Central Apnea (also called Complex Sleep Apnea). ... which is also the proper machine for those who have central sleep apnea or mixed/complex apnea. Central sleep apnea is less ...
Patients with severe attacks of apnea during sleep may experience respiratory depression (hypoventilation), leading to ... Floppy infant syndrome and sedation in the newborn may also occur. Symptoms of floppy infant syndrome and the neonatal ... Diazepam has a range of side effects common to most benzodiazepines, including: Suppression of REM sleep and Slow wave sleep ... Liver disorders Severe sleep apnea Severe depression, particularly when accompanied by suicidal tendencies Psychosis Pregnancy ...
"0558 Dronabinol Reduces Ahi and Daytime Sleepiness in Patients with Moderate to Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome". Sleep ... "Drug Dronabinol Reduces Symptoms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Finds Phase 2B Study - Sleep Review". Sleep Review. Retrieved 2018 ... Effects of Dronabinol in Obstructive Sleep Apnea". Sleep. 41 (1). doi:10.1093/sleep/zsx184. PMC 5806568. PMID 29121334. " ... "New frontiers in pharmacologic obstructive sleep apnea treatment: A narrative review". Sleep Medicine Reviews. Elsevier BV. 57 ...
GCNT2 ADULT syndrome; 103285; TP63 Advanced sleep phase syndrome, familial; 604348; PER2 Afibrinogenemia, congenital; 202400; ... RAPSN Myasthenic syndrome, congenital, associated with episodic apnea; 254210; CHAT Myasthenic syndrome, congenital, associated ... AKAP9 Long QT syndrome-3; 603830; SCN5A Long QT syndrome-4; 600919; ANK2 Long QT syndrome-7; 170390; KCNJ2 Long QT syndrome-9; ... TGFBR2 Long QT syndrome 12; 612955; SNT1 Long QT syndrome 13; 613485; KCNJ5 Long QT syndrome-1; 192500; KCNQ1 Long QT syndrome- ...
Fragile X syndrome (a cause of autism and intellectual disability) and general intellectual disability must also be ruled out. ... Babies with cerebral palsy who have stiffness issues might cry more and be harder to put to sleep than non-disabled babies, or ... Caffeine is used to treat apnea of prematurity and reduces the risk of cerebral palsy in premature babies, but there are also ... There is also research on whether the sleeping position might improve hip migration, but there are not yet high-quality ...
den Herder C, van Tinteren H, de Vries N. Hyoidthyroidpexia: a surgical treatment for sleep apnea syndrome. Laryngoscope. 2005 ... den Herder C, van Tinteren H, de Vries N. Hyoidthyroidpexia: a surgical treatment for sleep apnea syndrome. Laryngoscope. 2005 ... Neruntarat C. Hyoid myotomy with suspension under local anesthesia for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Eur Arch ... Sleep 7:79-82, 1984. Berg EE, Bunge F, Delgaudio JM. Multilevel treatment of moderate and severe obstructive sleep apnea with ...
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been associated with a higher incidence of diabetic eye disease due to blood desaturation ... People with Down syndrome, who have extra chromosome 21 material, almost never acquire diabetic retinopathy. This protection ... "Noctura 400 Sleep Mask for diabetic retinopathy". NIHR Innovation Observatory. Retrieved 2022-02-15. Powell S. "No "long-term ... 2017, "Risk factors". Ryeom S, Folkman J (March 2009). "Role of endogenous angiogenesis inhibitors in Down syndrome". The ...
Other causes of secondary hypertension include obesity, sleep apnea, pregnancy, coarctation of the aorta, excessive eating of ... Insulin resistance, which is common in obesity and is a component of syndrome X (or the metabolic syndrome), also contributes ... Some common secondary causes of resistant hypertension include obstructive sleep apnea, pheochromocytoma, renal artery stenosis ... For example, as well as causing high blood pressure, Cushing's syndrome frequently causes truncal obesity, glucose intolerance ...
In most cases, central sleep apnea is associated with obstructive sleep apnea syndromes or is caused by an underlying medical ... The term central sleep apnea encompasses a heterogeneous group of sleep-related breathing disorders in which respiratory effort ... is diminished or absent in an intermittent or cyclical fashion during sleep. ... encoded search term (Central Sleep Apnea Syndromes) and Central Sleep Apnea Syndromes What to Read Next on Medscape ...
In most cases, central sleep apnea is associated with obstructive sleep apnea syndromes or is caused by an underlying medical ... The term central sleep apnea encompasses a heterogeneous group of sleep-related breathing disorders in which respiratory effort ... is diminished or absent in an intermittent or cyclical fashion during sleep. ... encoded search term (Central Sleep Apnea Syndromes) and Central Sleep Apnea Syndromes What to Read Next on Medscape ...
How are obstructive sleep-apnea and metabolic syndrome linked, independent of obesity as a shared risk factor? ... Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is highly associated with the metabolic syndrome or its core components, partly due to the common ... Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and the metabolic syndrome have a strong association with each other owing to their common ... Cite this: Obstructive Sleep Apnea and the Metabolic Syndrome - Medscape - Apr 01, 2009. ...
The precise role of maxillary constriction in the pathophysiology of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is unclear. However, it is ... Treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome by rapid maxillary expansion Sleep. 1998 Dec 15;21(8):831-5. doi: 10.1093/sleep/ ... DOI: 10.1093/sleep/21.8.831 Abstract The precise role of maxillary constriction in the pathophysiology of obstructive sleep ... We studied 10 young adults (8 male, 2 female, mean age 27 +/- 2 [sem] years) with mild to moderate OSA (apnea/hypopnea index- ...
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with inflammatory processes and elevated plasma cytokines. Inflammatory ... Keywords: Sleep apnea, inflammation, markers, cytokines, C-reactive protein Abstract: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) ... Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome and Upper Airway Inflammation. Author(s): Hasan M. Inancli and Murat Enoz Volume 4, Issue 1, ... Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with inflammatory processes and elevated plasma cytokines. Inflammatory ...
Central sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome in heart failure: prevalence, impact, and treatment. Sleep1996;19:S229-31. ... Naegele B , Thouvard V, Pepin J, et al. Deficits of cognitive executive functions in patients with sleep apnea syndrome. Sleep ... Engleman HM, Kingshott RN, Martin SE, et al. Cognitive function in the sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (SAHS). Sleep2000;23 ( ... Sleep · 7: Positive airway pressure therapy for obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome ...
Treating children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) often involves intranasal corticosteroids (INCS), however, the ... Can intranasal corticosteroids improve obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in children?. .social-ris-container { display: flex; ... placebo-controlled trial randomized 134 children aged 5-12 years who were diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome 2:1 ... The study A Trial of Intranasal Corticosteroids to Treat Childhood OSA Syndrome was published in CHEST Journal. ...
Apnea. Sleep Apnea Syndromes. Sleep Apnea, Obstructive. Acute Coronary Syndrome. Syndrome. Disease. Pathologic Processes. ... Spanish Sleep Network. Cell Death Biomarkers and Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Implications in the Acute Coronary Syndrome. Sleep. ... Impact of Sleep Apnea Syndrome in the Evolution of Acute Coronary Syndrome. Effect of Intervention With Continuous Positive ... Spanish Sleep Network. Effect of obstructive sleep apnoea on severity and short-term prognosis of acute coronary syndrome. Eur ...
Continuous positive airway pressure therapy is effective for migraines in sleep apnea syndrome. Ulf Kallweit, Hildegard Hidalgo ... In migraine, the frequency of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is comparable to the general population,1 whereas in ... Continuous positive airway pressure therapy is effective for migraines in sleep apnea syndrome ...
N2 - Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), which is a highly prevalent breathing disorder in sleep, is an independent risk ... AB - Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), which is a highly prevalent breathing disorder in sleep, is an independent risk ... Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), which is a highly prevalent breathing disorder in sleep, is an independent risk factor ... abstract = "Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), which is a highly prevalent breathing disorder in sleep, is an independent ...
... thalamus ABSTRACT Background and Purpose Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is a sleep disorder characterized by excessive ... snoring, repetitive apneas, and nocturnal arousals, that leads to fragmented sleep and intermittent nocturnal hypoxemia. ... Conclusions Our results suggest a hyperactivation in thalamic diurnal activity in patients with OSA syndrome, which we ... in resting-state functional MRI data of 20 drug-naïve patients with OSA syndrome and 20 healthy controls matched for age, ...
... severity of Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome and its clinical significance. Total of week 50 Obstructive Sleep Apnea- ... of Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome and may become a new biological observation index for diagnosis and prognosis ... significantly in Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome patients, and the level was positively correlated with the degree of ... Mild and the Moderate-severe group Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome patients than control cases. Besides, the serum ...
Sleep apnea syndrome: psychiatric aspects].. Ferber, C; Taillard, J and Dealberto, M J. Encephale. 1992-07; 18(4): 361-367 DOI ... The prognosis of sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) is dominated by cardiovascular complications. However, this disease is concerned ... reduction of slow wave sleep and rapid eye movement sleep. Alertness disturbances and sleep disorders are the most common ... Sleep Medicine Reviews. 2022-11-01. : 101718.. 10.1016/j.smrv.2022.101718 * Presenilin and APP regulate synaptic kainate ...
Polycystic ovary syndrome, Sleep apnea syndromes, Obesity. Journal or Publication Title:. Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology ... WRAP-relationship-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-life-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-Randeva-2020.pdf - Published Version - Requires a PDF ... Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are associated with significant comorbidities and commonly ... 2020) The relationship between obstructive sleep apnoea and quality of life in women with polycystic ovary syndrome : a cross- ...
A review of the surgical treatment options for the obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome patient. ... A review of the surgical treatment options for the obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome patient. Journal Article (Journal ... Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a medical condition that has received significant attention within the ... as well as surgeons interested in the philosophies of surgical management of sleep disordered breathing. Presentation of risks ...
Return to Article Details Acromegaly with the sleep apnea syndrome. Download Download PDF ...
In most cases, central sleep apnea is associated with obstructive sleep apnea syndromes or is caused by an underlying medical ... The term central sleep apnea encompasses a heterogeneous group of sleep-related breathing disorders in which respiratory effort ... is diminished or absent in an intermittent or cyclical fashion during sleep. ... encoded search term (Central Sleep Apnea Syndromes) and Central Sleep Apnea Syndromes What to Read Next on Medscape ...
... Vicini, Claudio;De Vito, Andrea; ... The aging effect on upper airways collapse of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome / Vicini, Claudio; De Vito, Andrea ... sites of upper airway obstruction and pattern of collapse in patients over 65 years old affected by obstructive sleep apnea. To ... sites of upper airway obstruction and pattern of collapse in patients over 65 years old affected by obstructive sleep apnea. To ...
... with moderate carrier apnea syndrome and obstructive sleep hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS), presented to the ATM Service - Service of ... ARAUJO, Laís Gomes de; COELHO, Patrícia Rocha GUIMARAES, Josemar Parreira. Apnea obstructive sleep syndrome treatment using ... insufficient nights sleep, waking up several times at night, morning headaches and neck pain, which treatment modality was the ...
Day-time sleepiness is a common consequence of sleep apnea and correlates with road-traffic accidents (RTA). Pakistan has a ... Our study shows that despite low BMI and favorable craniofacial anatomy sleep apnea is still a locally relevant disease. Given ... The overall prevalence of individuals who were high risk for sleep apnea was 10%. Conclusion: A significant proportion of the ... Forty-five individuals reported that they had nodded off to sleep while driving at least once in their lifetime. On the other ...
Singh T D, Patial K, Vijayan V K, Ravi K. Oxidative stress and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. The Indian Journal of Chest ... stress has been proposed as an underlying mechanism for the symptoms in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS ... Oxidative stress contributes to sleep behaviour in OSAS patients, and anti-oxidant intake improves the quality of sleep in them ... They spent more time in stages 3 and 4 of sleep. The optimum pressure of CPAP device was significantly lowered also. ...
Snoring is most frequent manifestation of inefficient sleep at night. It is a constant characteristic of our sedentary ... Sleep Apnea Syndrome. Snoring is most frequent manifestation of inefficient sleep at night. ... All this can be improved substantially by better sleep at night!. I propose two of my booklets, which would help you correcting ...
OSAS : obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. 口腔矯治器,. 連續性陽壓通氣(CPAP). 手術4睡眠時產生的生理
Items where Subject is "616.209 Sleep apnea syndromes" Up a level. Export as. ASCII Citation. BibTeX. Dublin Core. EP3 XML. ... Dibandingkan Dengan Apnea/Hypopnea Index (Ahi) Pada Pasien Obstructive Sleep Apnea (Osa) Di Rs Dr. Saiful Anwar Malang. ... Pada Pasien Obstruktif Sleep Apnea (OSA) Di Rumah Sakit Saiful Anwar Malang. Magister thesis, Universitas Brawijaya. ... Arifin, Akhmad Zainul (2019) Korelasi Antara Body Mass Index (Bmi) Dan Mallampati Score Dengan Apnea Hypopnea Indeks (AHI) ...
Sleep · 4: Sleepiness, cognitive function, and quality of life in obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome. H M Engleman et ... Sleep · 9: An approach to treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome including upper airway surgery. C F Ryan, ... Sleep • 3: Clinical presentation and diagnosis of the obstructive sleep apnoea hypopnoea syndrome. D Schlosshan et al., Thorax ... Obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome and obesity hyperventilation syndrome in over 16s: summary of NICE guidance. ...
sleep. sleep apnea. sleep apnea,obstructive. sleep pathology and physiology. sleep pathology and physiology,children. ... Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children with Down Syndrome. Pediatrics 88:132-139, Marcus,C.L.,et al, 1991. See this aricle in ... and hypoventilation.Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is seen frequently in those children in whom it is not clinically ... It is concluded that children with Down syndrome frequently have OSAS,with OSa,hypoxemia, ...
Dangers of Sleep Apnea. March 29, 2021. Sleep is essential for existence. Sleep helps the body recover mentally and physically ... Complex Sleep Apnea Syndrome. ...
Category: Klonopin Tags: Apnea, from, sleep, Suffering, Syndrome. Post navigation. ← What Is Obstructive Sleep Apnea ? A ... A sleep test, called polysomnography is usually done in a disorder center to diagnose apnea. Mild cases of sleep apnea syndrome ... Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common type of apnea and is due to an obstruction in the throat during sleep. The narrowing ... then this could be a sign of sleep apnea syndrome. This sleep disorder occurs when the upper airway is blocked by the narrowing ...
... apnea) or significant reductions in respiratory amplitude (hypopnea) during the patients sleep. These episodes significantly ... alter the sleep structure of the patient and provoke acute cardiorespiratory responses that may be deleterious in the long term ... Sleep apnea syndromes are characterized by repeated episodes of breathing pauses ( ... Abstract : Sleep apnea syndromes are characterized by repeated episodes of breathing pauses (apnea) or significant reductions ...
  • Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with inflammatory processes and elevated plasma cytokines. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Treating children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) often involves intranasal corticosteroids (INCS), however, the efficacy of this approach lacks rigorous testing to support it. (contemporarypediatrics.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), which is a highly prevalent breathing disorder in sleep, is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. (elsevier.com)
  • Yet, these fundamental mechanisms are associated with obesity and with components of the metabolic syndrome that also cluster with OSAS. (elsevier.com)
  • Even though oxidative stress has been proposed as an underlying mechanism for the symptoms in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS), little information is available on the effects of anti-oxidant treatment on their improvement. (who.int)
  • After anti-oxidant intake, OSAS patients slept better with decrease in Epworth sleepiness score and the number of apnoeic episodes. (who.int)
  • Oxidative stress contributes to sleep behaviour in OSAS patients, and anti-oxidant intake improves the quality of sleep in them. (who.int)
  • It is concluded that children with Down syndrome frequently have OSAS,with OSa,hypoxemia,and hypoventilation.Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is seen frequently in those children in whom it is not clinically suspected.It is speculated that OSAS may contribute to the unexplained pulmonary hypertension seen in children with Down syndrome. (neudle.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) and non‐alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) are common in clinical practice. (semanticscholar.org)
  • A study conducted at the University Medical Center, Groningen, The Netherlands aimed to report about the subjective and objective treatment outcome of oral appliance therapy and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). (headpaininstitute.com)
  • Oral appliance therapy has emerged as an important alternative to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in treating patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). (headpaininstitute.com)
  • Oral appliance therapy should be considered as a viable treatment alternative to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in patients with mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). (headpaininstitute.com)
  • Background: The goal of this study was to evaluate the effect of nasal surgery alone on sleep quality, architecture, position, and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) (including obstructive apnea and snoring) in adult patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and nasal obstruction. (elsevier.com)
  • Conclusion: Nasal surgery alone was partially effective in improving sleep quality, architecture, and snoring, but it had no effect on the change of the distribution of sleep positions and obstructive apnea in patients with OSAS and nasal obstruction. (elsevier.com)
  • Daytime sleepiness is a symptom commonly observed in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and narcolepsy, as well as in individuals submitted to sleep deprivation, a condition that has been constantly increasing in the current society. (fapesp.br)
  • More recently, studies have shown that individuals who are not narcoleptic and DQB1*0602-positive have specific changes in sleep patterns, increased sleepiness and fatigue when subjected to sleep deprivation, suggesting that this allele may be associated with variability in the levels of daytime sleepiness observed in healthy subjects and patients with OSAS. (fapesp.br)
  • Day-time sleepiness is a common consequence of sleep apnea and correlates with road-traffic accidents (RTA). (aku.edu)
  • Besides daytime sleepiness, people with apnea can also suffer from hypertension, depression and even heart disease. (medxr.com)
  • The best definition of the OSAHS is at least five, some would say 15, breathing pauses (apnoeas) or hypopnoeas (near apnoeas), each lasting 10 s or more, per hour of sleep in association with sleepiness or at least two other major symptoms, including difficulty concentrating, unrefreshing nocturnal sleep or nocturia (Table 1). (bmj.com)
  • Note: although symptoms are not mandatory to make this diagnosis, patients often report excessive daytime sleepiness, frequent arousals and awakenings during sleep, or insomnia complaints. (psychcentral.com)
  • Symptoms suggestive of sleep abnormalities include: restless sleep, snoring, gasping noises, heavy breathing, apneic pauses, frequent waking during the night, trouble getting out of bed, daytime sleepiness and excessive napping. (org.sa)
  • Interrupted and poor quality sleep can lead to daytime sleepiness and fatigue, impaired attention and memory, headaches, depression , and sexual dysfunction. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Daytime sleepiness leads to a higher risk of motor vehicle accidents in individuals with obstructive sleep apnea. (medlineplus.gov)
  • CPAP can eliminate apneas and improve daytime sleepiness, mood and quality of life. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Objective (polysomnography) and subjective (Epworth Sleepiness Scale, Functional Outcomes of Sleep Questionnaire, Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form Health Survey [SF-36]) parameters were assessed after 1 and 2 years of treatment. (headpaininstitute.com)
  • Sleep-disordered breathing and excessive daytime sleepiness in patients with epilepsy - a polysomnographic study. (nel.edu)
  • Klobucnikova K, Siarnik P, Sivakova M, Kollar B. Sleep-disordered breathing and excessive daytime sleepiness in patients with epilepsy - a polysomnographic study. (nel.edu)
  • Central nervous system (CNS) stimulants may be used to promote daytime wakefulness in sleep apnea patients who have residual daytime sleepiness despite optimal use of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP). (medscape.com)
  • It is indicated as adjunctive treatment to standard therapy for OSA/hypopnea syndrome to improve wakefulness in patients with excessive sleepiness. (medscape.com)
  • It is indicated to improve wakefulness in individuals with excessive sleepiness associated with narcolepsy, OSA, or shift-work sleep disorder. (medscape.com)
  • Diabetes is associated with a higher risk of sleep problems, including not only sleep apnea but also inadequate sleep, excessive sleepiness, leg symptoms, and nocturia, independent of body mass index. (cdc.gov)
  • Modafinil is used to treat excessive sleepiness caused by narcolepsy (a condition that causes excessive daytime sleepiness) or shift work sleep disorder (sleepiness during scheduled waking hours and difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep during scheduled sleeping hours in people who work at night or on rotating shifts). (pharmaonline.store)
  • We provide Modavigil 200mg tablets to help people improve wakefulness in people with excessive daytime sleepiness associated with the medical condition known as narcolepsy or Obstructive Sleep Apnoea/Hypopnoea Syndrome (OSAHS), or shift work sleep disorder (SWSD). (pharmaonline.store)
  • With OSAHS, daytime sleepiness may occur due to a night of interrupted nighttime sleep. (pharmaonline.store)
  • Patients suffering from various sleep disturbances such as sleep apnea, chronic snoring, restless leg syndrome, narcolepsy and daytime sleepiness can seek the services of our clinic, where complete and detailed sleep studies are performed and proper treatment recommended and delivered. (cure.ae)
  • Obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea (OSAHS) is a common disorder which is characterised by instability of the upper airway during sleep resulting in reduction or elimination of airflow, oxyhaemoglobin desaturation, and sleep disruption. (bmj.com)
  • The mainstay of medical treatment of OSAHS is administration of non-invasive positive airway pressure (PAP) during sleep. (bmj.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a medical condition that has received significant attention within the medical community and mainstream media due to its potentially serious physiological consequences and relatively frequent occurrence within the general population. (duke.edu)
  • This article reviews common surgical techniques for clinical management of OSAHS patients in a presentation format for primary care and sleep medicine specialists, as well as surgeons interested in the philosophies of surgical management of sleep disordered breathing. (duke.edu)
  • In the last decade there has been a rapid increase in the number of patients diagnosed with the obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS). (bmj.com)
  • The association between different levels of risk for obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS) according to the Berlin questionnaire and the level of multimorbidity. (springeropen.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) with episodic hypoxia-reoxygenation is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. (gazi.edu.tr)
  • To evaluate peripapillary choroidal thickness (PPCT), central macular choroidal thickness (CMCT), and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in untreated patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). (inonu.edu.tr)
  • The patients with OSAHS were divided into three groups as mild (group 1), moderate (group 2), and severe (group 3) according to apnea-hypopnea index. (inonu.edu.tr)
  • Purpose: To evaluate peripapillary choroidal thickness (PPCT), central macular choroidal thickness (CMCT), and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in untreated patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS).Methods: This prospective, randomized, and comparative study was conducted in a university ophthalmology clinic. (inonu.edu.tr)
  • This guideline covers the diagnosis and management of obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS), obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with OSAHS (COPD-OSAHS overlap syndrome) in people over 16. (bvsalud.org)
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypoapnea Syndrome (OSAHS) is a very common disease that affects 4% of men and 2% of women. (caravacasonrie.com)
  • A myofunctional and anatomical evaluation of the patient diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) will be conducted in the same week as the polysomnography is performed. (who.int)
  • SELECTION VISIT: The patient diagnosed with OSAHS at a pulmonology laboratory by means of an initial sleep study (with measurement of baseline AHI, night-time oxygen desaturation index and the lowest night-time oxygen saturation figures) is evaluated vis-à-vis the inclusion and exclusion criteria and then informed about the study. (who.int)
  • Investigators examined polysomnography, symptoms, and neurobehavioral findings to observe any change obstructive apnea hypopnea index (OAHI) after 3 months for the primary endpoint, available for 122 children. (contemporarypediatrics.com)
  • The aim of this study was to detect the expression level of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and MicroRNA-21 in peripheral serum of adult Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome patients and healthy subjects, analyze the correlation between vascular cell adhesion molecule-1/microRNA-21 and the main indicators of polysomnography (apnea-hypopnea index, L-Saturation of Peripheral Oxygen) of subjects. (ijpsonline.com)
  • No clear guidelines are available on when or whether to treat central sleep apnea in the absence of symptoms, particularly when central sleep apnea is discovered after polysomnography (PSG) is performed for another reason. (medscape.com)
  • A sleep test, called polysomnography is usually done in a disorder center to diagnose apnea. (medxr.com)
  • Evidence by polysomnography (a type of measurement of sleep breathing used in a sleep lab) of 5 or more obstructive apneas or hypopneas per hour of sleep or evidence by polysomnography of 15 more obstructive apneas and/or hypopneas per hour of sleep. (psychcentral.com)
  • Polysomnography (a type of measurement of sleep breathing used in a sleep lab) shows five or more central apneas per hour of sleep. (psychcentral.com)
  • Example of an obstructive apnea and an obstructive hypopnea recorded during polysomnography. (medscape.com)
  • A sleep study, also known as polysomnography, is an evaluation of physical and brain activity that occurs during sleep. (tristarhealth.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a chronic condition, characterized by recurrent episodes of upper airway collapse during sleep, leading to intermittent hypoxemia and sleep fragmentation. (medscape.com)
  • 1. To determine if continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment will reduce the rate of cardiovascular events (cardiovascular (CV) death, non-fatal events (acute myocardial infarction (AMI), non-fatal stroke, hospital admission for heart failure, and new hospitalizations) for unstable angina or transient ischaemic attack (TIA)) in patients with ACS and co-occurring sleep apnea. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • PURPOSE: To evaluate, using drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE), sites of upper airway obstruction and pattern of collapse in patients over 65 years old affected by obstructive sleep apnea. (uniroma1.it)
  • This may be the case in patients who have central sleep apnea during sleep-wake transition, patients without significant oxygen desaturation, or in those who experience central sleep apnea during continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment of obstructive sleep apnea. (medscape.com)
  • Several different treatments aimed at central sleep apnea include positive airway pressure, adaptive servo ventilation (ASV), oxygen, added dead space, carbon dioxide inhalation, and overdrive atrial pacing. (medscape.com)
  • Bilevel positive airway pressure (BIPAP) is effective for treating patients with hypercapnic central sleep apnea (associated with hypoventilation). (medscape.com)
  • This sleep disorder occurs when the upper airway is blocked by the narrowing of the respiratory passages. (medxr.com)
  • There are several other surgical apnea treatments like removing excess tissue to clear the airway, moving the tongue forward, and moving the upper and lower jaw forward. (medxr.com)
  • Some of these factors include: central apnea, low muscle tone in the mouth and upper airway, poor coordination of airway movements, narrowed air passages in the midface and throat, a relatively large tongue and hypertrophy of adenoid and tonsillar tissues. (org.sa)
  • Increased upper airway infections and nasal secretions and a higher incidence of obesity further contribute to collapse and obstruction of both the oropharynx and hypopharynx when the individual is sleeping. (org.sa)
  • If there are any airway disturbances during sleep, an otolaryngologist must determine if a sleep study and/or surgical intervention is needed. (org.sa)
  • In individuals with Down syndrome, even mildly enlarged tonsils and adenoids may have a greater than expected effect on airway obstruction because of their midface hypoplasia and contracted nasopharynx. (org.sa)
  • This type of apnea arises when throat muscles intermittently relax and block airway during sleep. (dentalcongress.com)
  • This study seeks to understand how the upper airway anatomy contributes to sleep apnea in people with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, including after tongue reduction surgery in people who have that procedure. (chop.edu)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition in which individuals experience pauses in breathing (apnea) during sleep, which are associated with partial or complete closure of the throat (pper airway). (medlineplus.gov)
  • Description: Many people suffer from a disorder called obstructive sleep apnea, which occurs when the airway is blocked during sleep and causes difficulty breathing. (ohsu.edu)
  • This process can help to reopen the airway in carefully selected individuals with sleep apnea. (ohsu.edu)
  • The primary object of this pilot study is to evaluate the safety of the Inspire® Upper Airway Simulation System, Model 3028 IPG, in adolescents and young adults (age 10-21) with Down Syndrome and moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea. (ohsu.edu)
  • The secondary objective of this pilot study is to determine if hypoglossal nerve stimulation improves quality of life and objective measures of airway obstruction during sleep in adolescents with Down syndrome. (ohsu.edu)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children is characterized by episodic upper airway obstruction that occurs during sleep. (medscape.com)
  • The most common treatment for OSA, positive airway pressure (PAP) treatment, is frequently initiated to reduce sleep-related symptoms. (cdc.gov)
  • Obstructive sleep apnoea is characterised by repetitive partial or complete obstruction of the upper airway during sleep, leading to the reduction or cessation of airflow despite ongoing respiratory effort. (arwy.org)
  • Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) helps in assessing the exact site of airway obstruction and gives valuable inputs for surgical correction. (arwy.org)
  • The procedure includes stage-wise induction of sleep and airway visualisation during pharmacologically-induced sleep. (arwy.org)
  • Often attributed to stress, new understanding of sleep and the airway reveal the reasons that people may grind their teeth could be the sign of nighttime breathing difficulty. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Conditions that may be linked to this problem are upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS) or even obstructive sleep apnea which both indicate a frightening lack of oxygen while you're sleeping. (verywellhealth.com)
  • A lesser-known consequence of breathing complications during sleep is Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome (UARS for short). (verywellhealth.com)
  • Teeth grinding is our body's mechanism to deal with over-constriction of the airway muscle relation during sleep. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is characterized by intermittent airway obstruction and systemic hypoxia during sleep, which can contribute to an increase in reactive oxygen species, vascular remodeling, vasoconstriction and ultimately cardiovascular disease. (cdc.gov)
  • Downey R 3rd, Perkin RM, MacQuarrie J. Upper airway resistance syndrome: sick, symptomatic but underrecognized. (medscape.com)
  • Common sleep apnea treatments include using breathing devices, such as continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machines. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Rest apnea, additionally referred to as non-restful rest, is a problem characterized by airway blockage. (paywithcarter.com)
  • The airway is blocked by either the tongue falling back to the throat or the muscles in the throat relaxing throughout sleep. (paywithcarter.com)
  • Effect of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure on Adiponectin in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Meta-Analysis. (docksci.com)
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Oxidative stress and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. (who.int)
  • Singh T D, Patial K, Vijayan V K, Ravi K. Oxidative stress and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. (who.int)
  • Snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome are common sleep disorders caused by the collapse of the upper airways. (technoccult.net)
  • The overall aim of ISAACC is to determine if CPAP can reduce the risk of heart attack, stroke or heart failure for people with OSA admitted in a hospital for an acute coronary syndrome. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • To conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis of the diagnosis and CPAP treatment of patients with ACS who have obstructive sleep apnea. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • While this latter study failed to confirm a mortality benefit, CPAP was associated with attenuation of central sleep apnea, improvement of nocturnal oxygenation, lowering of norepinephrine levels, improvement in ejection fraction, and the increased distance walked in six minutes. (medscape.com)
  • Another study demonstrated that despite lowering of the AHI, CPAP had no significant effect on the frequency of arousals, sleep efficiency, or the amounts of total, slow wave, or rapid eye movement (REM) sleep in heart failure patients with central sleep apnea. (medscape.com)
  • Moderate to severe apnea is usually treated with a CPAP mask and a CPAP machine. (medxr.com)
  • If residual obstruction is present despite T&A surgery, medical treatments such as continuous positive pressure ventilation (CPAP/BiPAP) and oxygen use during sleep are still an option. (org.sa)
  • Sleep Apnea cardioVascular Endpoints Study - Investigating the Effectiveness of Treatment With CPAP vs Standard Care in Reducing CV Morbidity and Mortality in Patients With Co-existing CV Disease and Moderate-severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • One of the most typical type of therapy for sleep apnea is a CPAP or BiPAP device which helps control breathing throughout sleep. (paywithcarter.com)
  • The term central sleep apnea encompasses a heterogeneous group of sleep-related breathing disorders in which respiratory effort is diminished or absent in an intermittent or cyclical fashion during sleep. (medscape.com)
  • Alertness disturbances and sleep disorders are the most common functional complaints. (bordeaux-neurocampus.fr)
  • clinicians should consequently be aware of the fact that such troubles may be related to sleep respiratory disorders. (bordeaux-neurocampus.fr)
  • The DSM-5 Sleep Disorders workgroup has been especially busy. (psychcentral.com)
  • According to a presentation at the annual meeting of the American Psychiatric Association in May, Charles Reynolds, MD, suggested that the reworking of this category will make sleep problems easier for professionals to diagnose and discriminate between different sleep disorders. (psychcentral.com)
  • Primary and commonly diagnosed sleep disorders are being organized in the DSM-5 into three major categories: insomnia, hypersomnia and arousal disorder. (psychcentral.com)
  • Here's a summary of some of the proposed additions and changes in the sleep disorders category for the DSM-5, slated for publication in May 2013. (psychcentral.com)
  • These sleep disorders criteria are summarized from the proposed changes found on the DSM 5 website . (psychcentral.com)
  • Disorders of a physiological phenomenon such as sleep lead to important changes in state of quiescence of the cardiovascular, respiratory and metabolic systems during the night. (scitechnol.com)
  • Genetic and immunologic aspects of sleep and sleep disorders. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Dr. Stan Farrell, a member of the American Academy of Dental Sleep Medicine and board certified with the American Board of Orofacial Pain, has extensive training in treating sleep apnea and other sleep disorders. (headpaininstitute.com)
  • Epilepsy and sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) are relatively common disorders. (nel.edu)
  • Continued public health surveillance of sleep quality, duration, behaviors, and disorders is needed to understand and address sleep difficulties and their impact on health. (cdc.gov)
  • Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. (bvsalud.org)
  • International Classification of Sleep Disorders. (medscape.com)
  • In some cases, if sleep apnea is not diagnosed or is untreated, it can lead to serious complications such as heart attack, glaucoma, diabetes, cancer, and cognitive and behavioral disorders. (medlineplus.gov)
  • You can read about sleep apnea research and clinical trials that help improve sleep health at NIH's National Center on Sleep Disorders Research . (medlineplus.gov)
  • Sleep disorders refer to changes in sleep patterns that can affect the amount, timing and quality of sleep someone receives. (tristarhealth.com)
  • Common sleep disorders include insomnia, sleep apnea and narcolepsy. (tristarhealth.com)
  • Our expert sleep therapists can then treat sleep disorders to help you finally get the rest you need. (tristarhealth.com)
  • Our sleep centers offer comprehensive sleep medicine to diagnose and treat sleep disorders for adults and children. (tristarhealth.com)
  • Children can have sleep disorders and trouble sleeping as well. (tristarhealth.com)
  • Therefore, the limitations of BMI in metabolic syndrome, muscle-skeletal disorders, asthma detecting fat distribution and differentiating between fat and apnoea ( 2 ). (who.int)
  • Several studies have been conducted in order to understand the genetic factors that may be associated with sleep disorders and related phenotypes. (fapesp.br)
  • The Clinic of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine provides evaluation, diagnosis and management of various respiratory and sleep disorders. (cure.ae)
  • The Cure Center for Sleep Medicine is expected to become a nationally recognized center for the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders. (cure.ae)
  • and KLEINE-LEVIN SYNDROME) and secondary hypersomnia disorders where excessive somnolence can be attributed to a known cause (e.g., drug affect, MENTAL DISORDERS , and SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME ). (bvsalud.org)
  • Latoya Simmons] What are some common sleep disorders? (cdc.gov)
  • Sleep disorders can be treated which can help you get a good night's sleep. (cdc.gov)
  • Evidence indicates that sleep disorders can trigger episodes of this type, especially in conditions like sleep apnea. (muysalud.com)
  • Two types of pathophysiologic phenomena can cause central sleep apnea syndromes: 1) ventilatory instability or 2) depression of the brainstem respiratory centers or chemoreceptors. (medscape.com)
  • Nocturnal respiratory arrests are responsible for hypoxic and hypercapnic events including sleep fragmentation, reduction of slow wave sleep and rapid eye movement sleep. (bordeaux-neurocampus.fr)
  • Sleep apnea syndromes are characterized by repeated episodes of breathing pauses (apnea) or significant reductions in respiratory amplitude (hypopnea) during the patient's sleep. (archives-ouvertes.fr)
  • Because of the higher rate of respiratory complications after removal of the tonsils and adenoids in individuals with Down syndrome, overnight observation in the hospital after this surgery is also recommended. (org.sa)
  • This syndrome is a common affliction whose pathophysiology is usually indicative of an obstacle in the upper respiratory tract . (bvsalud.org)
  • The levels were decreased in parallel with the severity of sleep-related respiratory disturbance and magnitude of sleep fragmentation. (elsevier.com)
  • Relevance, clarity, and age appropriateness were rated for 33 items using a content review questionnaire by a group of 18 health professionals with expertise in respiratory pediatrics, neurodevelopmental pediatrics, and sleep physiology. (babysleep.com)
  • Sleep apnea is a prevalent respiratory disease in which episodic cessation of breathing causes intermittent hypoxia. (elsevier.com)
  • Some of the physical effects of chronic stress include: high blood pressure, increased risk for heart disease and stroke, respiratory problems like asthma and sleep apnea, gastrointestinal issues like irritable bowel syndrome or ulcers and lowered immune function, making you more susceptible to colds and flus. (venterrafarmscbd.com)
  • Consists of obstructed respiratory efforts usually followed by central apnea. (mhmedical.com)
  • Primary central sleep apnea is a rare condition, the etiology of which is not entirely understood. (medscape.com)
  • Those that affect adults include primary central sleep apnea, Cheyne-Stokes breathing-central sleep apnea (CSB-CSA) pattern, high-altitude periodic breathing, central sleep apnea due to medical conditions other than Cheyne-Stokes, and central sleep apnea due to drugs or substances. (medscape.com)
  • Ventilatory instability is the mechanism behind CSB-CSA, high-altitude periodic breathing, and probably primary central sleep apnea. (medscape.com)
  • Some patients with nonhypercapnic central sleep apnea, such as CSB-CSA, and primary central sleep apnea have been shown to benefit from BIPAP. (medscape.com)
  • [ 1 , 2 ] Its severity is usually graded according to the average number of apneic and hypopneic episodes per sleep hour (apnea-hypopnea index [AHI]) in sleep studies. (medscape.com)
  • We studied 10 young adults (8 male, 2 female, mean age 27 +/- 2 [sem] years) with mild to moderate OSA (apnea/hypopnea index-AHI 19 +/- 4 and minimum SaO2 89 +/- 1%), and evidence of maxillary constriction on orthodontic evaluation. (nih.gov)
  • The weight, body mass index and apnea-hypopnea index were higher while L-Saturation of Peripheral Oxygen was lower in both Mild and the Moderate-severe group Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome patients than control cases. (ijpsonline.com)
  • We also demonstrated that vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and MicroRNA-21 had a positive correlation with weight, body mass index and apnea-hypopnea index, whereas a negative correlation with L-Saturation of Peripheral Oxygen. (ijpsonline.com)
  • We have proved that the expression level of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 and MicroRNA-21 in serum of subjects is closely related to apnea-hypopnea index and L-Saturation of Peripheral Oxygen, which can reflect the severity of Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome and may become a new biological observation index for diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome. (ijpsonline.com)
  • thalamus ABSTRACT Background and Purpose Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is a sleep disorder characterized by excessive snoring, repetitive apneas, and nocturnal arousals, that leads to fragmented sleep and intermittent nocturnal hypoxemia. (gale.com)
  • Abstract Importance : Patients with Down syndrome have a high incidence of persistent obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and limited treatment options. (advocatehealth.com)
  • Abstract Individuals with Down syndrome (DS) are among the groups with the highest risk for severe COVID-19. (advocatehealth.com)
  • Abstract Background: The Down syndrome population has been disproportionately affected by Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) in terms of experiencing severe illness and death. (advocatehealth.com)
  • Response to intranasal corticosteroids supports the diagnosis of allergic rhinitis, although some cases of nonallergic rhinitis (particularly the nonallergic rhinitis with eosinophils syndrome [NARES]) also improve with nasal steroids. (medscape.com)
  • Currently, the only available tool for definitive diagnosis of OSA is an overnight polysomnographic evaluation in the sleep laboratory (see the image below). (medscape.com)
  • Large-scale genome-wide meta-analysis of polycystic ovary syndrome suggests shared genetic architecture for different diagnosis criteria. (bmj.com)
  • Alongside registered technologists and therapists, they use the latest equipment to monitor your sleep and make an accurate diagnosis for your sleeplessness. (tristarhealth.com)
  • Diagnosis and Treatment of Sick Sinus Syndrome American. (sawanschool.com)
  • Apnea can also be secondary to other pathological conditions, which need to be excluded before the diagnosis of apnea of prematurity is assumed. (mhmedical.com)
  • I thought, "I know what to do, I've done this" but my major concern was that I knew Down syndrome but only as a genetic diagnosis that I read in a book, I knew nothing about the everyday life and that was the scariest part. (lumindidsc.org)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and the metabolic syndrome have a strong association with each other owing to their common feature of obesity, but an association independent of obesity has been demonstrated in several studies. (medscape.com)
  • The metabolic syndrome represents a cluster of closely related cardiometabolic features, including the essential components of visceral obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension and dyslipidemia, although various professional organizations have set slightly different criteria for definition of the syndrome. (medscape.com)
  • [ 16 ] According to the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP ATP III) report, [ 17 ] the syndrome is diagnosed when three out of five clinically identifiable variables are present: hypertension, glucose intolerance, low serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol, elevated serum triglyceride and abdominal obesity. (medscape.com)
  • The symptoms of apnea can be made worse by obesity and alcohol consumption, so lifestyle changes should supplement the treatments that your doctor recommends. (medxr.com)
  • Obesity is a major risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea as 60 to 70 percent of individuals with this condition have obesity. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Dr. Wheaton] If you have a sleep disorder, or just don't get enough sleep, you're at higher risk of drowsy driving crashes and injuries at work or sever chronic conditions, such as hypertension (or high blood pressure), obesity, and depression. (cdc.gov)
  • Snoring is most frequent manifestation of inefficient sleep at night. (thenopillshealthprospect.com)
  • If you're snoring loud enough to wake up yourself and your partner, then this could be a sign of sleep apnea syndrome. (medxr.com)
  • Individuals with obstructive sleep apnea may experience interrupted sleep with frequent awakenings and loud snoring. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Habitual snoring without obstructive sleep apnea is more common and may also lead to sleep fragmentation. (medscape.com)
  • Both primary snoring and obstructive sleep apnea have been associated with poor quality of life and increased health care use in children. (medscape.com)
  • One way that this may manifest is as snoring and something known as sleep apnoea " basically where breathing is so obstructed that it can stop for short periods during sleep. (drbriffa.com)
  • 7 hours of sleep on average during a 24-hour period, 48.0% reported snoring, 37.9% reported unintentionally falling asleep during the day at least 1 day in the preceding 30 days, and 4.7% reported nodding off or falling asleep while driving in the preceding 30 days. (cdc.gov)
  • One particular difference between UARS and sleep apnoea is that an equal proportion of women suffer from UARS unlike the heavily male-dominated sleep apnea which is almost always associated with snoring. (verywellhealth.com)
  • While snoring is the hallmark of obstructive sleep apnea, night grinding may be the hallmark of UARS. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Sleep apnea is often caused by loud snoring. (life-in-balance.net)
  • It is characterized by snoring and disturbed sleep quality and daily cognitive dysfunction. (caravacasonrie.com)
  • My Snoring & Apnea Struggles (& How I Fin⁄ally Found Relief! (paywithcarter.com)
  • The audio of my partner's snoring was obtaining louder, as well as I could not sleep. (paywithcarter.com)
  • Exactly How Snoring & Apnea Affect My Life. (paywithcarter.com)
  • Snoring and also sleep apnea are two pervasive rest conditions that typically go undetected. (paywithcarter.com)
  • Snoring is an indicator of a breathing problem that takes place when the airways close during sleep. (paywithcarter.com)
  • So now we can sleep alongside my wife without her grumbling regarding me snoring in the middle of the evening, as well as it's all thanks to this miraculous mouthguard! (paywithcarter.com)
  • If your bed partner tells you that you snore, especially if the snoring is very loud, that's a strong indication that you might have sleep apnea. (cdc.gov)
  • [ 2 ] describes several different entities grouped under central sleep apnea with varying signs, symptoms, and clinical and polysomnographic features. (medscape.com)
  • What are the Symptoms of Sleep Abnormalities? (org.sa)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea often occurs on its own, without signs and symptoms affecting other parts of the body. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Symptoms are moderate to severe if patients have at least one of the following: sleep disturbance, impairment of daily activities, sports, or leisure, impairment of school or work, or troublesome symptoms. (medscape.com)
  • The Inspire® System is a hypoglossal nerve stimulation system that improves moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome symptoms in carefully selected adults. (ohsu.edu)
  • Patients with more sleep-related symptoms appear to receive greater benefit from treatment than do patients with fewer sleep-related symptoms (10). (cdc.gov)
  • The associations of insomnia and insomnia symptoms with age, sex, sleep-disordered breathing, and cognition were not consistent across all studies. (nyu.edu)
  • What are the signs and symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome? (thehealthymd.com)
  • It's important to take a look at symptoms from two perspectives: women with PCOS will likely suffer from the symptoms of PCOS but may also suffer the symptoms of other, coexisting conditions related to PCOS such as diabetes, depression, or metabolic syndrome. (thehealthymd.com)
  • The most common symptoms of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome include excessive hair growth including facial hair, irregular menstrual periods, weight gain, and acne. (thehealthymd.com)
  • The exact criteria used to diagnose Restless Legs Syndrome has not been decided. (psychcentral.com)
  • Plus, people with fibromyalgia are more likely to have conditions that interrupt sleep, such as sleep apnea and restless legs syndrome. (gabapentin800.com)
  • Another sleep disorder is restless leg syndrome. (cdc.gov)
  • If present, treatment of the underlying disorder often improves central sleep apnea. (medscape.com)
  • In this article, we'll explain how this sleep disorder works and what you can do to get a better night's rest. (medxr.com)
  • Taking care of this sleep disorder will allow you to live a healthier - and more restful - life. (medxr.com)
  • We appreciate your feedback at our sleep disorder treatment blog. (medxr.com)
  • Bringing the sleep disorder section more in line with the other sections in the DSM should make it less confusing. (psychcentral.com)
  • This disorder is characterized by repeated episodes of arousal during sleep associated with vocalization and/or complex motor behaviors which may be sufficient to result in injury to the individual or bed partner. (psychcentral.com)
  • Uncommon sleep positions such as sleeping sitting up, sleeping with the neck hyper-extended or sleeping bent forward at the waist in a sitting position are all suggestive of a sleep disorder or OSA. (org.sa)
  • It is a potentially severe sleep disorder. (dentalcongress.com)
  • Patients with premenstrual dysphoric disorder, a severe form of premenstrual syndrome, often respond to treatment with antidepressants and lifestyle changes. (aafp.org)
  • There are no validated questionnaire-based tools available to screen this population of children for this particular sleep-related disorder. (babysleep.com)
  • Dr. Moser serves in a primarily clinical role at the Center for Autism Research on the Infant Brain Imaging Study, conducting clinical and diagnostic evaluations for infants, toddlers, and school-age children with and without autism spectrum disorder, as well as individuals with Down syndrome. (chop.edu)
  • Sleep loss, circadian mismatch, and abnormalities in reorienting of attention in night workers with shift work disorder. (cdc.gov)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common disorder that is associated with significant morbidity. (cdc.gov)
  • Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that influences regarding 2% of the populace. (paywithcarter.com)
  • Sleep studies can confirm the type of sleep disorder you have. (tristarhealth.com)
  • In the event that you have been determined to have moderate to serious constant Shift Work Sleep Disorder (SWSD) and non-drug treatments have been unsatisfactory or fruitless, MODAVIGIL might be endorsed to keep you awake during your work shift. (pharmaonline.store)
  • Taken together it's referred to as bradycardia-tachycardia or tachy-brady syndrome This is a type of sick sinus syndrome and can be associated with the heart rhythm disorder atrial fibrillation and raise a person's risk for complications that include stroke and sudden death or cardiac arrest. (sawanschool.com)
  • L-Tryptophan is used for insomnia, sleep apnea, depression, anxiety, a severe form of premenstrual syndrome called Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD), smoking cessation, Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Tourette's Syndrome. (longlifenutri.com)
  • A lot of people suffer from a sleep disorder which can seriously impact how much and how well you sleep. (cdc.gov)
  • Dr. Wheaton] The most common sleep disorder is insomnia. (cdc.gov)
  • Another common sleep disorder is obstructive sleep apnea. (cdc.gov)
  • If you have sleep problems and suspect you might have a sleep disorder, even if you just tend to feel really sleepy, in spite of a full night's sleep, you should talk to your health care provider. (cdc.gov)
  • For example, someone experiencing what appears to be insomnia may actually have sleep apnea. (tristarhealth.com)
  • These behaviors arise during REM sleep and therefore usually occur greater that 90 minutes after sleep onset, are more frequent during the later portions of the sleep period, and rarely occur during daytime naps. (psychcentral.com)
  • Characterized by daytime tiredness, UARS is not associated with lowering oxygen levels in the blood seen in sleep apnea. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Ideally, provide the doctor at least a week's worth of notes about your relative's daytime and nighttime sleep habits. (byyoursideor.com)
  • Introduction Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common medical condition characterized by recurrent and intermittent episodes of hypoxia during sleep due to the collapse of upper airways, resulting in fragmentation of sleep and excessive daytime somnolence[1]. (docksci.com)
  • They also measure whether oxygen levels in the blood are lower during these events, which is a sign of sleep apnea. (medlineplus.gov)
  • There are numerous types of sleep apnea, but the most common is obstructive sleep apnea . (dentalcongress.com)
  • There are three types of sleep apnea County Dental at Suffern wants you to be aware of. (sufferndentaloffice.com)
  • The three types of sleep apnea are obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea and complex sleep apnea. (sufferndentaloffice.com)
  • Although tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A) is the most common initial surgical intervention, studies have shown that persistent obstructive sleep apnea after T&A is possible and more common in individuals with Down syndrome. (org.sa)
  • At the inflammatory point of view, the levels of TNF-α, IL-6, hsCRP, adhesion molecules, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and resistin were markedly and significantly elevated in patients with sleep apnea than those in normal control subjects. (eurekaselect.com)
  • We studied plasma concentrations of orexin-A-like immunoreactivity (orexin-A-LI) in 156 patients with sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (SAHS) and 22 control subjects. (elsevier.com)
  • Patients with sleep apnea and rodents exposed to intermittent hypoxia exhibit hypertension. (elsevier.com)
  • A rodent model of intermittent hypoxia that mimics blood O 2 saturation profiles of patients with sleep apnea has shown that increased generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the carotid body enhances the chemosensory reflex and triggers hypertension. (elsevier.com)
  • To explore the relationship between the expression of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1/microRNA-21 and the severity of Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome and its clinical significance. (ijpsonline.com)
  • Interestingly, a small study indicates that exercise training lessens the severity of obstructive sleep apnea but does not affect central sleep apnea in patients with heart failure and sleep disordered breathing. (medscape.com)
  • PDF] Association of obstructive sleep apnoea with the presence and severity of non‐alcoholic fatty liver disease. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Effect of obstructive sleep apnoea on severity and short-term prognosis of acute coronary syndrome. (udl.cat)
  • The goal of this study was to evaluate the influence of obstructive sleep apnoea on the severity and short-term prognosis of patients admitted for acute coronary syndrome. (udl.cat)
  • We evaluated the acute coronary syndrome severity (ejection fraction, Killip class, number of diseased vessels, and plasma peak troponin) and short-term prognosis (length of hospitalisation, complications and mortality). (udl.cat)
  • After adjusting for smoking, age, body mass index and hypertension, the plasma peak troponin levels were significantly elevated in the obstructive sleep apnoea group (831±908 ng·L(-1) versus 987±884 ng·L(-1), p=0.03) and higher AHI severity was associated with an increased number of diseased vessels (p=0.04). (udl.cat)
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome in Mexican-Americans: prevalence and association with the severity of insulin resistance. (bmj.com)
  • Interactions between sleep , circadian function, and glucose metabolism: implications for risk and severity of diabetes. (cdc.gov)
  • Does AHI Value Enough for Evaluating the Obstructive Sleep Apnea Severity? (ankaravertigo.com)
  • Predictors of impaired endothelial function in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. (nel.edu)
  • Almost 60% of children with Down syndrome have abnormal sleep studies by the age of 4 years. (org.sa)
  • The new American Academy of Pediatrics health care guidelines published in Pediatrics in 2011 recommend a baseline sleep study or polysomnogram for all children with Down syndrome by the age of four. (org.sa)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is a condition which affects an estimated 50% of children with Down syndrome, particularly in their early years. (babysleep.com)
  • Using existing validated sleep questionnaire items, we have developed a questionnaire to screen children with Down syndrome up to 6 years of age for obstructive sleep apnea, which corresponds with the recommendations made in UK national guidelines. (babysleep.com)
  • Two parents of children with Down syndrome took part in cognitive interviews after completing the modified questionnaire. (babysleep.com)
  • [ 16 , 21 ] On the basis of the NCEP ATP III definition, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in adults in different countries and ethnic groups varies widely, from approximately 8% (India) to 44% (native Americans in the USA) in men, and from 7% (France) to 57% (native Americans in the USA) in women, and is highly age-dependent. (medscape.com)
  • The prevalence and features of the polycystic ovary syndrome in an unselected population. (bmj.com)
  • The prevalence and phenotypic features of polycystic ovary syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (bmj.com)
  • A prospective study of the prevalence of the polycystic ovary syndrome in unselected Caucasian women from Spain. (bmj.com)
  • Preliminary indication of a high prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome in indigenous Australian women. (bmj.com)
  • To assess the prevalence and distribution of selected sleep difficulties and behaviors, CDC analyzed data from a new sleep module added to the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 2009. (cdc.gov)
  • Suggested citation for this article: Plantinga L, Rao MN, Schillinger D. Prevalence of self-reported sleep problems among people with diabetes in the United States, 2005-2008. (cdc.gov)
  • accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of Describe factors modifying the prevalence of sleep the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical problems among persons with diabetes as based on Education through the joint sponsorship of 2005-2008 NHANES data. (cdc.gov)
  • Describe the prevalence of specific sleep problems continuing medical education for physicians. (cdc.gov)
  • Clinicians should be aware of the high prevalence of sleep problems among their patients with diabetes and should consider screening and treatment, which may improve patients' quality of life. (cdc.gov)
  • The prognosis of sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) is dominated by cardiovascular complications. (bordeaux-neurocampus.fr)
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is associated with many cardiovascular and psychiatric diseases. (aku.edu)
  • The increasing interest in the field of sleep medicine during the whole twentieth century is principally due to the involvement of sleep-related disordered breathing (SDB) in cardiovascular disease . (scitechnol.com)
  • Consequences of SDB (microawakening, sleep fragmentation, hypoxemia) represent important harmful triggers on the cardiovascular system , above all in patients suffering by inability of the heart to provide an adequate output such as for heart failure (HF) patients. (scitechnol.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) is associated with increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. (nel.edu)
  • Sleep problems are associated with cardiovascular disease (2), mental health problems (3), motor vehicle accidents (4), and overall poor quality of life (5). (cdc.gov)
  • There is also evidence, of varying strengths, from epidemiologic and clinical studies, for the independent association between OSA and individual core components of the metabolic syndrome, including hypertension, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. (medscape.com)
  • Sleep disordered breathing affects cognitive abilities, behavior, growth rate and can lead to the more serious consequence of pulmonary hypertension (abnormally high blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs) and cor pulmonale (failure of the right side of the heart). (org.sa)
  • Au total, 2 462 sujets ont fait l'objet d'une mesure ambulatoire de la pression artérielle, en raison d'une hypertension légère (groupe 1), aux fins de l'évaluation d'un traitement antihypertenseur (groupe 2), ou en raison d'une hypotension (groupe 3). (who.int)
  • The carotid body senses changes in blood O 2 concentrations, and an enhanced carotid body chemosensory reflex contributes to hypertension in sleep apnea patients. (elsevier.com)
  • Lack of sleep can lead to high blood pressure (hypertension), diabetes, heart disease, sexual dysfunction and other chronic illnesses. (tristarhealth.com)
  • This syndrome is characterized by a person who experiences recurrent episodes of excessive sleep (more than 11 hours/day). (psychcentral.com)
  • Because of the high incidence of underlying congenital heart problems in individuals with Down syndrome, there is a higher risk of development of the more severe complications. (org.sa)
  • We have only seen or heard of a few cases of severe COVID-19 infection in our patients with Down syndrome who have received COVID-19 vaccines. (advocatehealth.com)
  • The intensity of apnea is determined by exactly how typically the person stops breathing, the period of each occasion, as well as exactly how severe these occasions are. (paywithcarter.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common type of apnea and is due to an obstruction in the throat during sleep. (medxr.com)
  • What this means is that surgically removing the tonsils and adenoids doesn't necessarily clear the airways sufficiently to prevent obstruction and sleep apnoea. (drbriffa.com)
  • Empty nose syndrome was long assimilated to an iatrogenic form of atrophic rhinitis with both showing same symptomatology - paradoxical sensation of obstruction, nasal suffocation, nasal burning, crusting, nasal dryness and impaired air sensation through the nasal cavity. (drsanu.com)
  • Recurrent episodes of obstructed breathing notably result in intermittent hypoxemia and sleep fragmentation, and these may in turn lead to many adverse body responses, including sympathetic activation, neurohumeral changes and inflammation, which are the seeds for cardiometabolic dysfunctions, such as atherosclerosis and diabetes mellitus. (medscape.com)
  • Circadian misalignment augments markers of insulin resistance and inflammation, independently of sleep loss. (cdc.gov)
  • Knowledge of normal ventilatory control mechanisms is important for understanding the pathophysiology of central sleep apnea. (medscape.com)
  • The precise role of maxillary constriction in the pathophysiology of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is unclear. (nih.gov)
  • Sleep is characterized by elevation of arterial carbon dioxide tension (PaCO 2 ) and a higher PaCO 2 apneic threshold, the PaCO 2 below which apnea occurs. (medscape.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a condition characterized by repeatedly interrupted breathing during sleep, occurs frequently in adults (1). (cdc.gov)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common form and occurs when throat muscles relax. (sufferndentaloffice.com)
  • Central sleep apnea occurs when your brain doesn't send proper signals to the muscles that control breathing. (sufferndentaloffice.com)
  • Complex sleep apnea syndrome, also known as treatment-emergent central sleep apnea, occurs when someone has both obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. (sufferndentaloffice.com)
  • Alzheimer's disease (AD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are highly prevalent, chronic conditions with intriguing, yet poorly understood epidemiological overlap. (frontiersin.org)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is highly prevalent in North America and throughout the developed world, and is characterized by chronic intermittent hypoxia and arousal from sleep caused by disruption of normal breathing. (cdc.gov)
  • In general, treatment of central sleep apnea is often more difficult than treatment of obstructive sleep apnea and treatment varies according to the specific syndrome. (medscape.com)
  • The double-blind, placebo-controlled trial randomized 134 children aged 5-12 years who were diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome 2:1 to receive 3 months of INCS treatment or placebo. (contemporarypediatrics.com)
  • To assess the impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and its treatment on the clinical evolution of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • A review of the surgical treatment options for the obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome patient. (duke.edu)
  • Similarly, instituting nocturnal dialysis and optimizing medical treatment are often effective for Cheyne-Stokes breathing-central sleep apnea (CSB-CSA) due to renal failure and heart failure, respectively. (medscape.com)
  • [ 25 ] These findings provide compelling evidence for prescribing exercise training in the treatment of patients with heart failure with sleep apnea, particularly in those with obstructive sleep apnea, but larger studies are needed to verify this finding. (medscape.com)
  • Role of ORL in the treatment of sleep apnea syndromes]. (bvsalud.org)
  • Surgical splints for guidance on implant placement as well as the contracted treatment of Sleep Obstructive Apnoea Syndromes. (dentalia.gr)
  • Improve your quality of life by making an appointment today for a sleep apnea analysis and treatment with County Dental at Suffern. (sufferndentaloffice.com)
  • It's also called treatment-emergent central sleep apnea. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Learn the common signs of sleep apnea to look for, how doctors diagnose the condition and available treatment options. (tristarhealth.com)
  • Sometimes an overnight sleep study is needed to determine the most appropriate treatment. (byyoursideor.com)
  • Polysomnographic (a type of measurement of sleep breathing used in a sleep lab) monitoring demonstrates episodes of shallow breathing longer than 10 seconds in duration associated with arterial oxygen desaturation and frequent arousals from sleep associated with the breathing disturbances or brady-tachycardia. (psychcentral.com)
  • In the pediatric age range, abnormalities include oxygen desaturation under 92%, more than one obstructive apnea per hour, and elevations of ET CO 2 measurements of more than 50 mm Hg for more than 9% of sleep time or a peak level of greater than 53 mm Hg. (medscape.com)
  • Apnea is defined as cessation of breathing that lasts for at least 20 seconds and is accompanied by bradycardia, oxygen desaturation, or cyanosis. (mhmedical.com)
  • In addition to reinforcing the spontaneous breaths, patients with central sleep apnea may require additional breaths set as a back-up rate, especially when the central apneas are long. (medscape.com)
  • Complete closure can lead to apnea while partial closure allows breathing but decrease the intake of oxygen (hypopnea). (medlineplus.gov)
  • Delivery of oxygen is crucial for our body to maintain its processes during sleep and makes any disruptions to our airways a particular concern to sleep. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Pauses define it in breathing or shallow breaths during sleep which can be long enduring or may happen numerous times during sleep, triggering lowered oxygen degrees in the blood. (paywithcarter.com)
  • Three major components of obstructive sleep apnea have been identified: episodic hypoxia, intermittent hypercapnia, and sleep fragmentation. (medscape.com)
  • Background: Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) and coblation channeling of the tongue (CCT) are oropharyngeal surgeries used to treat obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. (edu.au)
  • Central apneic events commonly occur during the transition between wake and sleep, a period during which the PaCO 2 set point adjusts. (medscape.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and NAFLD: an individual participant data meta-analysis. (semanticscholar.org)
  • WRAP-relationship-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-life-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-Randeva-2020.pdf - Published Version - Requires a PDF viewer. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) are associated with significant comorbidities and commonly coexist. (warwick.ac.uk)
  • However, it can also occur as part of a syndrome, such as mucopolysaccharidosis type I or polycystic ovary syndrome . (medlineplus.gov)
  • Zawadzki JK, Dunaif A. Diagnostic criteria for polycystic ovary syndrome: towards a rational approach. (bmj.com)
  • Revised 2003 consensus on diagnostic criteria and long-term health risks related to polycystic ovary syndrome. (bmj.com)
  • Positions statement: criteria for defining polycystic ovary syndrome as a predominantly hyperandrogenic syndrome: an Androgen Excess Society guideline. (bmj.com)
  • International evidence-based guideline for the assessment and management of polycystic ovary syndrome. (bmj.com)
  • First-line ovulation induction for polycystic ovary syndrome: an individual participant data meta-analysis. (bmj.com)
  • The Androgen Excess and PCOS Society criteria for the polycystic ovary syndrome: the complete task force report. (bmj.com)
  • A survey of the polycystic ovary syndrome in the Greek island of Lesbos: hormonal and metabolic profile. (bmj.com)
  • Evidence for pancreatic beta-cell dysfunction in brothers of women with polycystic ovary syndrome. (bmj.com)
  • Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is an imbalance of the reproductive hormones affecting as many as 1 in 10 women during their reproductive years. (thehealthymd.com)
  • What is PCOS or Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome? (thehealthymd.com)
  • The onset of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome typically hits sometime after puberty, but in many cases, women aren't diagnosed with the syndrome until they're in their 20s or 30s. (thehealthymd.com)
  • What causes Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome? (thehealthymd.com)
  • As is the case with many conditions, the exact causes of Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome are unknown. (thehealthymd.com)
  • Just like diabetes can lead to neuropathy, untreated Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome can lead to other health conditions that are serious or even life-threatening. (thehealthymd.com)
  • How is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome diagnosed? (thehealthymd.com)
  • The obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is a chronic condition characterized by frequent episodes of collapse of the upper airways during sleep. (embj.org)
  • As the muscles that hold open the upper airways relax during sleep cycles, they cause the tongue to rest back into our throat, which can partially block the airways. (verywellhealth.com)
  • A case of lemierre syndrome secondary to otitis media and mastoiditis. (ankaravertigo.com)
  • Objective: To describe dietary habits, physical activity and sleep patterns among secondary school adolescents. (bvsalud.org)
  • Methods: A cross-sectional study of 1,120 adolescents recruited from public and private secondary schools in Lagos, Nigeria, was carried out to study the dietary habits, sleep patterns and physical activity in relation to nutritional status. (bvsalud.org)
  • Conclusion: Poor dietary habits, inadequate physical activity and insufficient sleep were observed among secondary school adolescents. (bvsalud.org)
  • For those participants who have not had a clinical sleep study, one will be done as part of this study. (chop.edu)
  • The clinical presentation of a child with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is nonspecific and requires increased awareness by the primary care physician. (medscape.com)
  • The NIH INCLUDE project supports research inclusive of individuals with Down syndrome, who have been historically underrepresented in clinical trials. (chop.edu)
  • We have shared both our clinical experience and studies that demonstrate clinical effectiveness and safety of COVID-19 vaccines in people with Down syndrome. (advocatehealth.com)
  • Empty nose syndrome (ENS) is a controversial clinical entity with no consensual definition. (drsanu.com)
  • Apnea is common in preterm neonates and is a significant clinical problem. (mhmedical.com)
  • Serum ischemia modified albumin and oxidative stres parameters in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. (acibadem.edu.tr)
  • Hanikoğlu F, Özdem S, Özben T, Cort A, Özben S, Huseyinoğlu N . Serum ischemia modified albumin and oxidative stres parameters in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. (acibadem.edu.tr)
  • Similarly, NC can accurately predict metabolic syndrome syndrome conditions. (who.int)
  • The prognosis is good, and it is controversial whether periodic breathing is associated with an increased risk for apnea of prematurity. (mhmedical.com)
  • Many sleep problems in older adults may be related to a chronic condition, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, asthma, or Parkinson's disease. (byyoursideor.com)