Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)
Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.
A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)
Rough, noisy breathing during sleep, due to vibration of the uvula and soft palate.
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration.
A fleshy extension at the back of the soft palate that hangs above the opening of the throat.
A stage of sleep characterized by rapid movements of the eye and low voltage fast pattern EEG. It is usually associated with dreaming.
Excision of the adenoids. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Surgical removal of a tonsil or tonsils. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
Moving a retruded mandible forward to a normal position. It is commonly performed for malocclusion and retrognathia. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
Disorders characterized by hypersomnolence during normal waking hours that may impair cognitive functioning. Subtypes include primary hypersomnia disorders (e.g., IDIOPATHIC HYPERSOMNOLENCE; NARCOLEPSY; and KLEINE-LEVIN SYNDROME) and secondary hypersomnia disorders where excessive somnolence can be attributed to a known cause (e.g., drug affect, MENTAL DISORDERS, and SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME). (From J Neurol Sci 1998 Jan 8;153(2):192-202; Thorpy, Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 2nd ed, p320)
A movable fold suspended from the posterior border of the hard palate. The uvula hangs from the middle of the lower border.
A characteristic symptom complex.
A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).
A collection of lymphoid nodules on the posterior wall and roof of the NASOPHARYNX.
A state in which there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli.
Periods of sleep manifested by changes in EEG activity and certain behavioral correlates; includes Stage 1: sleep onset, drowsy sleep; Stage 2: light sleep; Stages 3 and 4: delta sleep, light sleep, deep sleep, telencephalic sleep.
The muscles of the PHARYNX are voluntary muscles arranged in two layers. The external circular layer consists of three constrictors (superior, middle, and inferior). The internal longitudinal layer consists of the palatopharyngeus, the salpingopharyngeus, and the stylopharyngeus. During swallowing, the outer layer constricts the pharyngeal wall and the inner layer elevates pharynx and LARYNX.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
The determination of oxygen-hemoglobin saturation of blood either by withdrawing a sample and passing it through a classical photoelectric oximeter or by electrodes attached to some translucent part of the body like finger, earlobe, or skin fold. It includes non-invasive oxygen monitoring by pulse oximetry.
A muscular organ in the mouth that is covered with pink tissue called mucosa, tiny bumps called papillae, and thousands of taste buds. The tongue is anchored to the mouth and is vital for chewing, swallowing, and for speech.
Dental devices such as RETAINERS, ORTHODONTIC used to improve gaps in teeth and structure of the jaws. These devices can be removed and reinserted at will.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
Abnormal breathing through the mouth, usually associated with obstructive disorders of the nasal passages.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the nose. The obstruction may be unilateral or bilateral, and may involve any part of the NASAL CAVITY.
Relatively complete absence of oxygen in one or more tissues.
Any hindrance to the passage of air into and out of the lungs.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.
The middle portion of the pharynx that lies posterior to the mouth, inferior to the SOFT PALATE, and superior to the base of the tongue and EPIGLOTTIS. It has a digestive function as food passes from the mouth into the oropharynx before entering ESOPHAGUS.
The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
Physiologically, the opposition to flow of air caused by the forces of friction. As a part of pulmonary function testing, it is the ratio of driving pressure to the rate of air flow.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
HYPOVENTILATION syndrome in very obese persons with excessive ADIPOSE TISSUE around the ABDOMEN and DIAPHRAGM. It is characterized by diminished to absent ventilatory chemoresponsiveness; chronic HYPOXIA; HYPERCAPNIA; POLYCYTHEMIA; and long periods of sleep during day and night (HYPERSOMNOLENCE). It is a condition often related to OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA but can occur separately.
The use of electronic equipment to observe or record physiologic processes while the patient undergoes normal daily activities.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Disorders characterized by impairment of the ability to initiate or maintain sleep. This may occur as a primary disorder or in association with another medical or psychiatric condition.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
The total volume of gas inspired or expired per unit of time, usually measured in liters per minute.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
A transient absence of spontaneous respiration.
A round-to-oval mass of lymphoid tissue embedded in the lateral wall of the PHARYNX. There is one on each side of the oropharynx in the fauces between the anterior and posterior pillars of the SOFT PALATE.
A physical misalignment of the upper (maxilla) and lower (mandibular) jaw bones in which either or both recede relative to the frontal plane of the forehead.
A condition characterized by recurrent episodes of daytime somnolence and lapses in consciousness (microsomnias) that may be associated with automatic behaviors and AMNESIA. CATAPLEXY; SLEEP PARALYSIS, and hypnagogic HALLUCINATIONS frequently accompany narcolepsy. The pathophysiology of this disorder includes sleep-onset rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, which normally follows stage III or IV sleep. (From Neurology 1998 Feb;50(2 Suppl 1):S2-S7)
A part of the upper respiratory tract. It contains the organ of SMELL. The term includes the external nose, the nasal cavity, and the PARANASAL SINUSES.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Body ventilators that assist ventilation by applying intermittent subatmospheric pressure around the thorax, abdomen, or airway and periodically expand the chest wall and inflate the lungs. They are relatively simple to operate and do not require tracheostomy. These devices include the tank ventilators ("iron lung"), Portalung, Pneumowrap, and chest cuirass ("tortoise shell").
The structure that forms the roof of the mouth. It consists of the anterior hard palate (PALATE, HARD) and the posterior soft palate (PALATE, SOFT).
Partial or total surgical excision of the tongue. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Devices that cover the nose and mouth to maintain aseptic conditions or to administer inhaled anesthetics or other gases. (UMDNS, 1999)
A disorder characterized by aching or burning sensations in the lower and rarely the upper extremities that occur prior to sleep or may awaken the patient from sleep.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A specific category of drugs that prevent sleepiness by specifically targeting sleep-mechanisms in the brain. They are used to treat DISORDERS OF EXCESSIVE SOMNOLENCE such as NARCOLEPSY. Note that this drug category does not include broadly-acting central nervous system stimulants such as AMPHETAMINES.
Cardiac arrhythmias that are characterized by excessively slow HEART RATE, usually below 50 beats per minute in human adults. They can be classified broadly into SINOATRIAL NODE dysfunction and ATRIOVENTRICULAR BLOCK.
The presence of an excessively large tongue, which may be congenital or may develop as a result of a tumor or edema due to obstruction of lymphatic vessels, or it may occur in association with hyperpituitarism or acromegaly. It also may be associated with malocclusion because of pressure of the tongue on the teeth. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A clinical manifestation of abnormal increase in the amount of carbon dioxide in arterial blood.
Diseases of the respiratory system in general or unspecified or for a specific respiratory disease not available.
General increase in bulk of a part or organ due to CELL ENLARGEMENT and accumulation of FLUIDS AND SECRETIONS, not due to tumor formation, nor to an increase in the number of cells (HYPERPLASIA).
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
The continuous measurement of physiological processes, blood pressure, heart rate, renal output, reflexes, respiration, etc., in a patient or experimental animal; includes pharmacologic monitoring, the measurement of administered drugs or their metabolites in the blood, tissues, or urine.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.
Timed test in which the subject must read a list of words or identify colors presented with varying instructions and different degrees of distraction. (Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary. 8th ed.)
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
The position or attitude of the body.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
The number of times the HEART VENTRICLES contract per unit of time, usually per minute.
A cluster of metabolic risk factors for CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES and TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS. The major components of metabolic syndrome X include excess ABDOMINAL FAT; atherogenic DYSLIPIDEMIA; HYPERTENSION; HYPERGLYCEMIA; INSULIN RESISTANCE; a proinflammatory state; and a prothrombotic (THROMBOSIS) state. (from AHA/NHLBI/ADA Conference Proceedings, Circulation 2004; 109:551-556)
The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
The tubular and cavernous organs and structures, by means of which pulmonary ventilation and gas exchange between ambient air and the blood are brought about.
A country located in north Africa, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, with a southern border with Western Sahara, eastern border with Algeria. The capital is Rabat.
Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.
A chromosome disorder associated either with an extra chromosome 21 or an effective trisomy for chromosome 21. Clinical manifestations include hypotonia, short stature, brachycephaly, upslanting palpebral fissures, epicanthus, Brushfield spots on the iris, protruding tongue, small ears, short, broad hands, fifth finger clinodactyly, Simian crease, and moderate to severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY. Cardiac and gastrointestinal malformations, a marked increase in the incidence of LEUKEMIA, and the early onset of ALZHEIMER DISEASE are also associated with this condition. Pathologic features include the development of NEUROFIBRILLARY TANGLES in neurons and the deposition of AMYLOID BETA-PROTEIN, similar to the pathology of ALZHEIMER DISEASE. (Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, p213)
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Methods of creating machines and devices.
A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.
Measurement of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.
The ENTERIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; PARASYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM; and SYMPATHETIC NERVOUS SYSTEM taken together. Generally speaking, the autonomic nervous system regulates the internal environment during both peaceful activity and physical or emotional stress. Autonomic activity is controlled and integrated by the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, especially the HYPOTHALAMUS and the SOLITARY NUCLEUS, which receive information relayed from VISCERAL AFFERENTS.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
An abnormal pattern of breathing characterized by alternating periods of apnea and deep, rapid breathing. The cycle begins with slow, shallow breaths that gradually increase in depth and rate and is then followed by a period of apnea. The period of apnea can last 5 to 30 seconds, then the cycle repeats every 45 seconds to 3 minutes.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
Rigid or flexible appliances that overlay the occlusal surfaces of the teeth. They are used to treat clenching and bruxism and their sequelae, and to provide temporary relief from muscle or temporomandibular joint pain.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Method in which prolonged electrocardiographic recordings are made on a portable tape recorder (Holter-type system) or solid-state device ("real-time" system), while the patient undergoes normal daily activities. It is useful in the diagnosis and management of intermittent cardiac arrhythmias and transient myocardial ischemia.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
A type of stress exerted uniformly in all directions. Its measure is the force exerted per unit area. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Recording of the moment-to-moment electromotive forces of the HEART as projected onto various sites on the body's surface, delineated as a scalar function of time. The recording is monitored by a tracing on slow moving chart paper or by observing it on a cardioscope, which is a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY.
Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
Excessive periodic leg movements during sleep that cause micro-arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. This condition induces a state of relative sleep deprivation which manifests as excessive daytime hypersomnolence. The movements are characterized by repetitive contractions of the tibialis anterior muscle, extension of the toe, and intermittent flexion of the hip, knee and ankle. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p387)
The measurement and recording of MOTOR ACTIVITY to assess rest/activity cycles.
Measurement of volume of air inhaled or exhaled by the lung.
Recording of the average amplitude of the resting potential arising between the cornea and the retina in light and dark adaptation as the eyes turn a standard distance to the right and the left. The increase in potential with light adaptation is used to evaluate the condition of the retinal pigment epithelium.
Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
A heterogeneous condition in which the heart is unable to pump out sufficient blood to meet the metabolic need of the body. Heart failure can be caused by structural defects, functional abnormalities (VENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION), or a sudden overload beyond its capacity. Chronic heart failure is more common than acute heart failure which results from sudden insult to cardiac function, such as MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
A mobile U-shaped bone that lies in the anterior part of the neck at the level of the third CERVICAL VERTEBRAE. The hyoid bone is suspended from the processes of the TEMPORAL BONES by ligaments, and is firmly bound to the THYROID CARTILAGE by muscles.
A condition characterized by severe PROTEINURIA, greater than 3.5 g/day in an average adult. The substantial loss of protein in the urine results in complications such as HYPOPROTEINEMIA; generalized EDEMA; HYPERTENSION; and HYPERLIPIDEMIAS. Diseases associated with nephrotic syndrome generally cause chronic kidney dysfunction.
Sleep disorders characterized by impaired arousal from the deeper stages of sleep (generally stage III or IV sleep).
The posture of an individual lying face up.
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
Chronic inflammatory and autoimmune disease in which the salivary and lacrimal glands undergo progressive destruction by lymphocytes and plasma cells resulting in decreased production of saliva and tears. The primary form, often called sicca syndrome, involves both KERATOCONJUNCTIVITIS SICCA and XEROSTOMIA. The secondary form includes, in addition, the presence of a connective tissue disease, usually rheumatoid arthritis.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.
A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
Translocation of body fluids from one compartment to another, such as from the vascular to the interstitial compartments. Fluid shifts are associated with profound changes in vascular permeability and WATER-ELECTROLYTE IMBALANCE. The shift can also be from the lower body to the upper body as in conditions of weightlessness.
A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).
Surgery performed on the ear and its parts, the nose and nasal cavity, or the throat, including surgery of the adenoids, tonsils, pharynx, and trachea.
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of SLEEP WAKE DISORDERS and their causes.
Physiological processes and properties of the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
The bottom portion of the pharynx situated below the OROPHARYNX and posterior to the LARYNX. The hypopharynx communicates with the larynx through the laryngeal inlet, and is also called laryngopharynx.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
A reduction in the amount of air entering the pulmonary alveoli.
A syndrome of defective gonadal development in phenotypic females associated with the karyotype 45,X (or 45,XO). Patients generally are of short stature with undifferentiated GONADS (streak gonads), SEXUAL INFANTILISM, HYPOGONADISM, webbing of the neck, cubitus valgus, elevated GONADOTROPINS, decreased ESTRADIOL level in blood, and CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS. NOONAN SYNDROME (also called Pseudo-Turner Syndrome and Male Turner Syndrome) resembles this disorder; however, it occurs in males and females with a normal karyotype and is inherited as an autosomal dominant.
A sleep disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth and forceful lateral or protrusive jaw movements. Sleep bruxism may be associated with TOOTH INJURIES; TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS; sleep disturbances; and other conditions.
The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
Drugs used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.
A series of thoughts, images, or emotions occurring during sleep which are dissociated from the usual stream of consciousness of the waking state.
A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.
The act of BREATHING in.
The 12th cranial nerve. The hypoglossal nerve originates in the hypoglossal nucleus of the medulla and supplies motor innervation to all of the muscles of the tongue except the palatoglossus (which is supplied by the vagus). This nerve also contains proprioceptive afferents from the tongue muscles.
Clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorders characterized by dysplasia in one or more hematopoietic cell lineages. They predominantly affect patients over 60, are considered preleukemic conditions, and have high probability of transformation into ACUTE MYELOID LEUKEMIA.
Devices used for influencing tooth position. Orthodontic appliances may be classified as fixed or removable, active or retaining, and intraoral or extraoral. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p19)

Improvement of factor VII clotting activity following long-term NCPAP treatment in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. (1/1461)

Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is a very common disorder. Patients with OSAS are at an increased risk for cardiovascular events. It has also been reported that a 25% rise in factor VII clotting activity (FVIIc) is associated with a 55% increase in ischaemic heart disease death during the first 5 years. We examined the effects of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) treatment on FVIIc in patients with OSAS. FVIIc was investigated prospectively in 15 patients with OSAS before (mean +/- SEM apnoea and hypopnoea index (AHI) 61.5 +/- 4.2 and after (AHI 3.0 +/- 0.9) NCPAP treatment for immediate relief, at 1 month after treatment and at over 6 months. FVIIc levels gradually decreased after NCPAP treatment. After 6 months of NCPAP treatment, FVIIc levels had decreased significantly (before 141.1 +/- 11.7% vs. after 6 months 110.7 +/- 6.2%; p < 0.01). Six of the seven patients whose FVIIc levels were over 140% before the NCPAP treatment had FVIIc levels below 130% after 6 months or 1 year of NCPAP treatment. This decrease in FVIIc after long-term NCPAP treatment could improve mortality in OSAS patients. If patients, especially obese ones, present with high FVIIc of unknown origin, it would be prudent to check for OSAS.  (+info)

Effect of obesity and erect/supine posture on lateral cephalometry: relationship to sleep-disordered breathing. (2/1461)

Craniofacial and upper airway anatomy, obesity and posture may all play a role in compromising upper airway patency in patients with the sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between obesity, facial structure and severity of sleep-disordered breathing using lateral cephalometric measurements and to assess the effect of body posture on cephalometric measurements of upper airway calibre variables in obese and non-obese subjects. Lateral cephalometry was carried out in erect and supine postures in 73 awake male subjects randomly selected from patients referred for polysomnography who had a wide range of apnoea/hypopnoea frequencies (1-131 events x h sleep(-1)). Subjects were divided into non-obese (body mass index (BMI) < 30 kg x m(-2); n=42) and obese (BMI > or = 30 kg x m(-2); n=31) groups. Significant but weak correlations were found between apnoea/hypopnoea index (AHI) and measurements reflecting upper airway dimensions: uvular protrusion-posterior pharyngeal wall (r=-0.26, p<0.05) and hyoid-posterior pharyngeal wall (r=0.26, p<0.05). Multiple regression using both upper airway dimensions improved the correlation to AHI (r=0.34, p=0.01). Obese subjects had greater hyoid-posterior pharyngeal wall distances than non-obese subjects, both erect (42+/-5 versus 39+/-4 mm, respectively (mean+/-SD) p<0.01) and supine (43+/-5 versus 40+/-4 mm, p<0.05). Skeletal craniofacial structure was similar in obese and non-obese subjects. In conclusion, measurements reflecting upper airway size were correlated with the severity of sleep-disordered breathing. Differences in upper airway size measurements between obese and non-obese subjects were independent of bony craniofacial structure.  (+info)

Cephalometric abnormalities in non-obese and obese patients with obstructive sleep apnoea. (3/1461)

The aim of this work was to comprehensively evaluate the cephalometric features in Japanese patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) and to elucidate the relationship between cephalometric variables and severity of apnoea. Forty-eight cephalometric variables were measured in 37 healthy males and 114 male OSA patients, who were classed into 54 non-obese (body mass index (BMI) <27 kg x m(-2), apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI)=25.3+/-16.1 events x h(-1)) and 60 obese (BMI > or = 27 kg x m(-2), AHI=45.6+/-28.0 events h(-1)) groups. Diagnostic polysomnography was carried out in all of the OSA patients and in 19 of the normal controls. The non-obese OSA patients showed several cephalometric defects compared with their BMI-matched normal controls: 1) decreased facial A-P distance at cranial base, maxilla and mandible levels and decreased bony pharynx width; 2) enlarged tongue and inferior shift of the tongue volume; 3) enlarged soft palate; 4) inferiorly positioned hyoid bone; and 5) decreased upper airway width at four different levels. More extensive and severe soft tissue abnormalities with a few defects in craniofacial bony structures were found in the obese OSA group. For the non-obese OSA group, the stepwise regression model on AHI was significant with two bony structure variables as determinants: anterior cranial base length (S-N) and mandibular length (Me-Go). Although the regression model retained only linear distance between anterior vertebra and hyoid bone (H-VL) as an explainable determinant for AHI in the obese OSA group, H-VL was significantly correlated with soft tissue measurements such as overall tongue area (Ton), inferior tongue area (Ton2) and pharyngeal airway length (PNS-V). In conclusion, Japanese obstructive sleep apnoea patients have a series of cephalometric abnormalities similar to those described in Caucasian patients, and that the aetiology of obstructive sleep apnoea in obese patients may be different from that in non-obese patients. In obese patients, upper airway soft tissue enlargement may play a more important role in the development of obstructive sleep apnoea, whereas in non-obese patients, bony structure discrepancies may be the dominant contributing factors for obstructive sleep apnoea.  (+info)

Craniofacial modifications in children with habitual snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea: a case-control study. (4/1461)

Habitual snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea in children, which are frequently associated with adenotonsillar hypertrophy, may begin early in life and in relation with orocraniofacial features. The aim of this study was to detect the presence of early bone craniofacial modifications in young children with a long history of habitual snoring. Twenty-six habitually snoring children (mean age 4.6 yrs) were studied by nocturnal portable recording or diurnal polysomnography, cephalometry and orthodontic evaluation. A comparison of cephalometric findings was made between the studied group and 26 age-matched children (mean age 5.1 yrs) with no history of snoring or respiratory problems during sleep. The cephalometric analyses showed a significant increase in craniomandibular intermaxillar, lower and upper goniac angles with a retroposition and posterior rotation of the mandible (high angle face) and a reduction in the rhinopharynx space caused by higher thickness of adenoids in habitually snoring children compared with controls. Cross-bites and labial incompetence as well as daytime symptoms and familiarity for habitual snoring were found in most of the studied group of snorers compared with controls. The results indicate that upper airway obstruction during sleep is associated with mild but significant cephalometric and craniofacial modifications in children complaining of habitual snoring. Whether this skeletal conformation is genetically determined or influenced by the early onset of habitual snoring remains to be assessed.  (+info)

Depression of peripheral chemosensitivity by a dopaminergic mechanism in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. (5/1461)

In the present study, respiratory drives to chemical stimuli and peripheral chemosensitivity were evaluated in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSAS). The effects of oral administration of domperidone, a selective dopamine D2-receptor antagonist, were also examined, to study the respiratory effects of endogenous dopamine on peripheral chemoreceptors. Sixteen patients with OSAS and nine normal control subjects were studied. Respiratory responses to hypercapnia and hypoxia were measured using the rebreathing method and isocapnic progressive hypoxia method, respectively. The hypoxic withdrawal test, which measures the decrease in ventilation caused by two breaths of 100% O2 under mild hypercapnic hypoxic conditions (end-tidal oxygen and carbon dioxide tensions approximately 8.0 kPa and 5.3-6.7 kPa, respectively), was used to evaluate peripheral chemosensitivity. In the patients with OSAS, ventilatory responses to hypercapnia and hypoxia were significantly decreased compared with those of control subjects. Hypoxic withdrawal tests showed that peripheral chemosensitivity was significantly lower in patients with OSAS than in normal subjects. Hypercapnic ventilatory response and peripheral chemosensitivity were enhanced by administration of domperidone in the patients with OSAS, although no changes in either of these were observed in the control subjects. The hypoxic ventilatory response and peripheral chemosensitivity in the patients with OSAS were each significantly correlated with severity of hypoxia during sleep. These findings suggest that peripheral chemosensitivity in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome may be decreased as a result of abnormality in dopaminergic mechanisms and that the reduced chemosensitivity observed in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome may affect the severity of hypoxia during sleep.  (+info)

Selective potentiation of peripheral chemoreflex sensitivity in obstructive sleep apnea. (6/1461)

BACKGROUND: The chemoreflexes are an important mechanism for regulation of both breathing and autonomic cardiovascular function. Abnormalities in chemoreflex mechanisms may be implicated in increased cardiovascular stress in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). We tested the hypothesis that chemoreflex function is altered in patients with OSA. METHODS AND RESULTS: We compared ventilatory, sympathetic, heart rate, and blood pressure responses to hypoxia, hypercapnia, and the cold pressor test in 16 untreated normotensive patients with OSA and 12 normal control subjects matched for age and body mass index. Baseline muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) was higher in the patients with OSA than in the control subjects (43+/-4 versus 21+/-3 bursts per minute; P<0. 001). During hypoxia, patients with OSA had greater increases in minute ventilation (5.8+/-0.8 versus 3.2+/-0.7 L/min; P=0.02), heart rate (10+/-1 versus 7+/-1 bpm; P=0.03), and mean arterial pressure (7+/-2 versus 0+/-2 mm Hg; P=0.001) than control subjects. Despite higher ventilation and blood pressure (both of which inhibit sympathetic activity) in OSA patients, the MSNA increase during hypoxia was similar in OSA patients and control subjects. When the sympathetic-inhibitory influence of breathing was eliminated by apnea during hypoxia, the increase in MSNA in OSA patients (106+/-20%) was greater than in control subjects (52+/-23%; P=0.04). Prolongation of R-R interval with apnea during hypoxia was also greater in OSA patients (24+/-6%) than in control subjects (7+/-5%) (P=0.04). Autonomic, ventilatory, and blood pressure responses to hypercapnia and the cold pressor test in OSA patients were not different from those observed in control subjects. CONCLUSIONS: OSA is associated with a selective potentiation of autonomic, hemodynamic, and ventilatory responses to peripheral chemoreceptor activation by hypoxia.  (+info)

The association between sleep apnea and the risk of traffic accidents. Cooperative Group Burgos-Santander. (7/1461)

BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Drowsiness and lack of concentration may contribute to traffic accidents. We conducted a case-control study of the relation between sleep apnea and the risk of traffic accidents. The case patients were 102 drivers who received emergency treatment at hospitals in Burgos or Santander, Spain, after highway traffic accidents between April and December 1995. The controls were 152 patients randomly selected from primary care centers in the same cities and matched with the case patients for age and sex. Respiratory polygraphy was used to screen the patients for sleep apnea at home, and conventional polysomnography was used to confirm the diagnosis. The apnea-hypopnea index (the total number of episodes of apnea and hypopnea divided by the number of hours of sleep) was calculated for each participant. RESULTS: The mean age of the participants was 44 years; 77 percent were men. As compared with those without sleep apnea, patients with an apnea-hypopnea index of 10 or higher had an odds ratio of 6.3 (95 percent confidence interval, 2.4 to 16.2) for having a traffic accident. This relation remained significant after adjustment for potential confounders, such as alcohol consumption, visual-refraction disorders, body-mass index, years of driving, age, history with respect to traffic accidents, use of medications causing drowsiness, and sleep schedule. Among subjects with an apnea-hypopnea index of 10 or more, the risk of an accident was higher among those who had consumed alcohol on the day of the accident than among those who had not. CONCLUSIONS: There is a strong association between sleep apnea, as measured by the apnea-hypopnea index, and the risk of traffic accidents.  (+info)

Prognostic value of nocturnal Cheyne-Stokes respiration in chronic heart failure. (8/1461)

BACKGROUND: Nocturnal Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) occurs frequently in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF), and it may be associated with sympathetic activation. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether CSR could affect prognosis in patients with CHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sixty-two CHF patients with left ventricular ejection fraction /=30/h and left atria >/=25 cm2. CONCLUSIONS: The AHI is a powerful independent predictor of poor prognosis in clinically stable patients with CHF. The presence of an AHI >/=30/h adds prognostic information compared with other clinical, echocardiographic, and autonomic data and identifies patients at very high risk for subsequent cardiac death.  (+info)

Patients with sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome commonly demonstrate impaired daytime performance. In a prospective study, 29 patients with sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome were assessed polysomnographically to determine the relationship of cognitive performance and daytime sleepiness with sleep disruption …
BACKGROUND--Increasing referral numbers make the development of simplified accurate methods of diagnosing the sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome highly desirable. The accuracy of one such system--the ResCare Autoset--has been examined. METHODS--Thirty one consecutive patients assessed by polysomnography had simultaneous monitoring of their respiratory pattern using the Autoset system. The Autoset detects episodes of flattening of the flow/time profile using nasal cannulae. RESULTS--There was a good correlation (r = 0.85) between the number of apnoeas+hypopnoeas/hour in bed recorded using polysomnography and the Autoset system. The median difference in such events was 3.1 (95% confidence interval 8.4 to -1.6)/hour in bed. In two patients the Autoset scored 70 apnoeas+hypopnoeas/hour in bed compared with 34 apnoeas+hypopnoeas with 35 arousals/hour in bed by polysomnography; however, this did not alter the diagnostic category of either patient. Autoset gave a sensitivity of 100%, specificity of 92%, ...
1. Benjafield A, Valentine K, Ayas N, et al. Global prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea in adults: estimation using currently available data. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.2018; 197:A3962.. 2. Heinzer R, Vat S, Marques-Vidal P, et al. Prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing in the general population: the HypnoLaus study. Lancet Respir Med. 2015;3(4):310-318.. 3. American Dental Association. Proposed policy statement on the role of dentistry in the treatment of sleep-related breathing disorders. American Dental Association Website. http://www.ada.org/~/media/ADA/Member%20Center/FIles/Role_of_Dentistry_in_the_Treatment_of_Sleep_1-5.pdf?la=en. Accessed November 21, 2018.. 4. Gray EL, McKenzie DK, Eckert DJ. Obstructive sleep apnea without obesity is common and difficult to treat: evidence for a distinct pathophysiological phenotype. J Clin Sleep Med. 2017;13(1):81-88.. 5. Eckert DJ. Phenotypic approaches to obstructive sleep apnoea - New pathways for targeted ...
Results 1. The detection rate of OSAHS in hypertension was 23.52% (178/825), while 34.34% (148/431) in males and 11.68% (46/394) in females respectively.. 2. Grouping by body mass index(BMI), the detection rate were 6.6% (12/183) in subjects with normal weight, 22.22% (78/351) in overweight subjects and 36.75% (104/283) in obesity subjects with significant difference(X2=56.736, p,0.01). The severe OSAHS rate (16.61%) in obesity group was significantly higher than that in normal weight group (2.19%) and overweight group (7.69%) (X2=29.219, p,0.01).. 3. Grouping by waist circumference, the OSAHS rate were 7.83% (9/115) in normal group and 26.29% (184/700) in centricity obesity (X2=18.623, p,0.01). The severe OSAHS rate was 2.61% (3/115) in normal group and 10.57% (74/700) in centricity obesity (X2=7.32, p,0.01).. 4. The moderate to severe OSAHS rate was increased with BMI in female patients (X2=5.846, p,0.05). It was increased with BMI and waist circumference in males (p,0.01).. ...
1. Inspiratory flow limitation is involved in the pathophysiology of sleep-related breathing disorders. Since the definition of flow-limited cycle is based on a dissociation between flow and respiratory efforts, identification of inspiratory flow limitation requires upper airway or intrathoracic pressure measurements. We examined the accuracy of the analysis of the flow-volume loop of a tidal breath in identifying inspiratory flow limitation during sleep in ten patients with a sleep apnoea-hypopnoea syndrome. 2. Measurements were taken during continuous positive airway pressure trials. After data acquisition, the presence of inspiratory flow limitation was identified by the presence of an inspiratory plateau or decrease in inspiratory flow independently of the increase in inspiratory efforts. The flow-volume loop was reconstructed for each breathing cycle by plotting the instantaneous flow and the tidal volume. The instantaneous inspiratory and expiratory flows were measured at 50% of the respective
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common sleep related breathing disorder. Its prevalence is estimated to be between 2% and 25% in the general population. However, the prevalence of sleep apnea is much higher in patients undergoing elective surgery. Sedation and anesthesia have been shown …
Sleep-disordered breathing is a disorder of breathing during sleep characterized by prolonged increased upper airway resistance, partial upper airway obstruction, or complete obstruction that disrupts pulmonary ventilation, oxygenation, or sleep quality. Pediatric sleep-disordered breathing is a continuum, with primary snoring at 1 end and complete upper airway obstruction, hypoxemia, and obstructive hypoventilation at the other, giving rise to obstructive sleep apnea. Sleep-disordered breathing is associated with a wide variety of symptoms in children. Snoring is the most common nighttime symptom of sleep-disordered breathing in children. Chronic snoring, although common in adults, is considered abnormal in a pediatric population. Other symptoms associated with sleep-disordered breathing can include restless sleep, frequent arousals, snorting, gasping, unusual sleeping positions (eg, sitting), sweating during sleep, and nocturnal enuresis. The most prominent daytime symptom of sleep-disordered ...
Sleep apnea syndrome is clinically defined by frequent pauses in breathing during sleep and symptoms, such as being tired. It can decrease the restfulness of sleep and decreases the level of oxygen in the blood. Sleep apnea patients suffer from daytime sleepiness, hypertension, coronary artery disease (CAD), stroke, ischemic heart disease, arrhythmias, pulmonary hypertension, heart failure, and premature death. There is significant evidence suggesting that nighttime decreases in blood oxygen levels are the primary cause of many of the abnormalities associated with this disease.. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated a surprisingly high prevalence of sleep apnea. Mild sleep apnea is present in 17% of adults in the general population and moderate to severe sleep apnea is present in 5.7% of adults. Among patients with heart failure the prevalence skyrockets. Multiple studies have found the prevalence of moderate to severe sleep apnea to be anywhere from 11-53% in heart failure ...
Synonyms for sleep apnea syndrome in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for sleep apnea syndrome. 95 synonyms for sleep: slumber(s), rest, nap, doze, kip, snooze, repose, hibernation, siesta, dormancy, beauty sleep, forty winks, shuteye, zizz, slumber.... What are synonyms for sleep apnea syndrome?
In the new study, the researchers followed 664 African-Americans with hypertension who were participants in the Jackson Heart Study, the largest investigation of causes of cardiovascular disease in African-Americans. The researchers tested the participants for obstructive sleep apnea (the most common kind) with a special device used overnight in the home. Researchers classified sleep apnea as unaffected, mild, moderate, or severe based on the number of times a person either partially or completely stopped breathing during sleep. The tests revealed that more than a quarter of the participants had moderate or severe sleep apnea and that the condition had gone undiagnosed in almost all of them-i.e., 94 percent of the cases. The remaining participants had either no sleep apnea, or a milder form of it. ...
Sleep apnea or sleep apnoea is a sleep disorder characterised by pauses in breathing during sleep. These episodes, called apneas (literally, without breath), each last long enough so one or more breaths are missed, and occur repeatedly throughout sleep. There are two distinct forms of sleep apnea: Central and Obstructive. Breathing is interrupted by the lack of effort in Central Sleep Apnea, but from a physical block to airflow despite effort in Obstructive Sleep Apnea. In Mixed Sleep Apnea, both types of events occur. Regardless of type, the individual affected with sleep apnea is rarely (if ever) aware of having difficulty breathing, even upon awakening. Sleep apnea is recognised as a problem by others witnessing the individual during episodes, or is suspected because of its effects on the body (sequelae). This book presents important new research in this field.Lang, Andrew O. is the author of Sleep Apnea Syndrome Research Focus , published 2007 under ISBN 9781600215285 and ISBN ...
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a chronic condition, characterized by recurrent episodes of upper airway collapse during sleep, which affects up to 5% of adults in the Western population. The muscle tone of the human body ordinarily relaxes during sleep, thus causing airway obstruction and leading to sleep apnea. We report a case of a 68-years old male in which dystonic closure of the larynx during sleep caused OSAS. The sleep endoscopy was crucial in establishing the diagnosis of laryngeal dystonia.
Occasionally its possible to have sleep apnea prior to being conscious of it. Sleep apnea is significantly more serious than many realize. Severe sleep apnea can triple your odds of stroke.. Sleep Apnea is extremely common among American adults. It is a major sleep disorder wherein a person abruptly wakes up in the middle of sleep because of blockage in the airway. While its not normally thought of as a serious disease it can have a very negative impact on your life and,if left untreated,could lead to death. If youre aware that you have got sleep apnea,or even suspect that,then speak to your physician about assembling a sleep study so you can get fitted for a CPAP. Therefore,in case you have severe sleep apnea and other therapies have not helped,you want to be certain to speak with your healthcare provider about operation as a possible choice.. } Staying at a wholesome weight is 1 approach to reduce apnea. Sleeping apnea is just among the most frequently encountered problems prevailing around ...
Online Doctor Chat - Severe sleep apnea surgery, tonsils, Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Sleep apnea, Online doctor patient chat conversation by Dr. Shanthi.E
Sleep Apnea Screening. This month CNN.com had an article that was on screening for sleep apnea. The article discusses how sleep apnea cant usually be detected by doctors during routine office visits but screening from your dentist may help. Recent studies have shown that teeth grinding is a major indicator for obstructive sleep apnea. Dentists can screen for teeth grinding. The article clarifies that a dentist can tell you definitively if you grind your teeth or not but they do not diagnose sleep apnea. Medical specialists are the only medical providers who can officially diagnose and treat sleep apnea. The article highlights that sufferers of sleep apnea may never get the benefits of the deep sleep. Symptoms of untreated sleep apnea include feeling sleepy or tired during waking hours, grinding teeth and snoring. Sleep apnea is a condition that affects an estimated one in fifteen Americans, but often goes unnoticed. Sleep apnea can range from mild to severe. The most common sleep apnea is ...
To breathe regularly and smoothly at night is not only socially correct but also healthy. Individuals who snore with trepidation and have lapses in their respiratory rhythm while asleep may be at increased risk of suffering a stroke, as Mohsenin points out in the preceding article.. The role of disruptive snoring and sleep apnea disorder, or sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), in circulatory alteration and vascular injury is a concept of recent development.R1 Evidence of an association between SDB and sustained systemic hypertension, has become available recently. Results from the large community-based Sleep Heart Health StudyR2 indicate that there is a dose-response relationship between SDB and hypertension. The adjusted odds of hypertension increased steadily with apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) values of 15/h to 20/h and higher measured at home, surpassing odds ratios of 2 for very high AHI values. In a similar prospective study of SDB and hypertension, the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort StudyR3 showed that ...
And Many Others……. Get a PDF Sample of Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Market Research Report. After the basic information, the Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Market report sheds light on the production. Production plants, their capacities, global production and revenue are studied. Also, the Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Market growth in various regions and R&D status are also covered.. Following are Major Table of Content of Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Industry:. • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Market Competition by Manufacturers. • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Production, Revenue (Value) by Region (2017-2022). • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions (2017-2022). • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type. • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Market Analysis by Application. • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis. • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Manufacturing Cost Analysis. • Industrial ...
Obstructive sleep apnea​​(OSA) ​is a potentially serious sleep-related ​breathing disorder​ in which ​breathing is briefly and repeatedly interrupted ​during sleep. The apnea in sleep apnea refers to a breathing pause that lasts ​at least ten seconds​. ​Obstructive ​​sleep apnea occurs when the​​ muscles ​in the back of the ​throat fail to keep the airway open​, despite efforts to breathe. Another form of sleep apnea is ​Central​ sleep apnea, in which the ​brain fails to properly control breathing​ during sleep. ​. ...
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing in a nonselected group of children with Down syndrome and to determine significant predisposing factors for this condition. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital in Madrid, Spain. PATIENTS: The study population included 108 consecutive children with Down syndrome (mean [SD] age, 7.9 [4.5] years; range, 1-18 years) independently of whether or not suggestive clinical features of sleep-disordered breathing were present. INTERVENTIONS: In addition to history, physical examination, and lateral radiographs of the nasopharynx, all participants underwent an overnight cardiorespiratory polygraphy at the hospital using a portable ambulatory device (Apnoescreen II plus). An apnea-hypopnea index of at least 3 was required for defining the presence of sleep-disordered breathing. RESULTS: The prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing was 54.6%, with a significantly higher prevalence in boys (64.7%) than in ...
What we dont know from these results is whether sleep apnea is a factor in causing stroke, or whether people who suffer strokes are then more likely to develop sleep apnea. When a person suffers from sleep apnea, their airway collapses during sleep. This airway collapse temporarily cuts off breathing and diminishes the levels of oxygen in the bloodstream. People who suffer from moderate to severe sleep apnea have episodes of disrupted breathing dozens, even hundreds, of times per night. (In this most recent study, researchers defined severe sleep apnea as 30 or more episodes of disrupted breathing per hour of sleep.) Learning more about how disordered breathing affects the brain and may contribute to stroke risk is a critical avenue for additional research ...
Snoring and Sleep Apnea are very often linked. Sleep Apnea Syndromes by nature affect how one breathes in sleep. Because of this, many peoples bed partners will have witnessed different breathing patterns that will result in further evaluation for sleep apnea conditions. Snoring is the most common respiratory disturbance in sleep. It results from a partial airway obstruction that serves as a whistle causing the snoring noises. Snoring however does not confirm Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome, however, as snoring can exist without any sleep disruption, apneas, or hypopneas. The important point is that if a partial obstruction exists and is causing snoring, then the same obstruction may be causing a sleep apnea condition.. Other breathing patterns that are described during sleep include actual periods where the individual is noted to pause in breathing. Also, gasping for air after a pause is common, and can be frightening for the observer. Noises can range from a soft snore to a coarse loud ...
Sildenafil has been shown to aggravate sleep-disordered breathing in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea. The aim of the present study is to examine the frequency of sleep-disordered breathing in obese patients who are candidates for treatment with sildenafil for sexual dysfunction. In addition we wish to assess the effect of sildenafil on sleep-disordered breathing ...
Professor Mary Ips main research interest is sleep related breathing disorders, with a focus on vascular and metabolic consequences of obstructive sleep apnea. Her clinical and translational research embrace a spectrum from epidemiology to patient management. Her work in the late 1990s identified the prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome of 4% and 2% in middle-aged Chinese men and women in Hong Kong respectively, which was comparable to that reported in Caucasian populations at that time. Since then, research focussed on OSA and cardiometabolic disorders and the pathogenetic mechanisms, including the roles of obesity and craniofacial factors, adipokines, insulin resistance, endothelial function. In parallel, basic research deploying the intermittent hypoxia models in animal (rats and mice) and cell cultures (endothelial cells, adipocytes, and others) were used to investigate the potential cellular and molecular pathways in the regulation of metabolic or cardiovascular ...
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Somnowell Inventor - Visiting Professor Simon Ash FDS MSc MOrth BDS. Prof. Ash is the inventor of the highly successful SOMNOWELL Chrome device for snoring and sleep apnea.. The Somnowell Chrome is made to exacting standards in the Somnowell laboratory under the supervision of Visiting Professor Simon Ash. Prof. Ash and his master technicians create each Somnowell Chrome device using their wealth of experience and expertise.. Prof. Ash works at the forefront of his profession. He is a Consultant and Specialist Orthodontist with over 30 years clinical experience, with a special interest in sleep related breathing disorders, TMJD, and bruxism. He currently works in Harley Street London and two private hospitals in London as part of a multi-disciplinary team managing snoring and sleep apnea, and is Visiting Professor of Orthodontics at the BPP University. ...
Sleep apnea is characterized by frequent prolonged interruptions of breathing during sleep. This syndrome causes severe sleep disorders and is often responsible for development of other diseases such as heart problems, high blood pressure and daytime fatigue, etc. After diagnosis, sleep apnea is often successfully treated by applying positive air pressure (CPAP) to the mouth and nose. Although effective, the (CPAP) equipment takes up a lot of space and the connected mask causes a lot of inconvenience for the patients. This raised interest in developing new techniques for treatment of sleep apnea syndrome. Several studies indicated that electrical stimulation of the hypoglossal nerve and muscle in the tongue may be a useful method for treating patients with severe sleep apnea. In order to be able to successfully prevent the occurrence of apnea it is necessary to have some technique for early and fast on-line detection or prediction of the apnea events. This paper suggests using measurements of ...
Infant sleep apnea is a sleep related breathing disorder. It involves reductions and pauses in breathing that occur during an infants sleep.
SAN FRANCISCO - New research from Taiwan shows that severe sleep apnea is a risk factor for developing diabetic macular edema, a complication of diabetes that can cause vision loss or blindness. Diabetic macular edema was also more difficult to treat in patients with severe sleep apnea. While earlier research showed a weak connection between the two conditions, evidence is mounting that sleep apnea exacerbates underlying eye disease. The researchers present their study today at AAO 2019, the 123rd Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Ophthalmology. When people with diabetes have poor control over their blood sugar levels, the tiny blood vessels at the back of the eye can become damaged. This condition is called diabetic retinopathy and its a leading cause of blindness in the United States. Sometimes, tiny bulges protrude from the blood vessels, leaking fluid and blood into the retina. This fluid can cause swelling or edema in an area of the retina that allows us to see clearly. Click here ...
However because sleep apnea is strongly associated with obesity, and its related diseases, it has been difficult in the past to produce clear evidence that increased mortality is a result of OSA and not because of other established causes. That evidence is now available and shows that moderate to severe sleep apnea is associated with about five times the risk of dying after you control for other factors that are already known to cause premature death.. Dr Marshall said the study results highlight a need to increase research funding to investigate whether treatment of sleep apnea can decrease heart attacks, strokes and premature deaths. There is a need for high quality clinical trials looking at treatments for sleep apnea that are large enough and long enough to find out whether we can prevent disease or reduce mortality risk.. Professor Ron Grunstein, Head of Sleep and Circadian Research, Woolcock Institute said, Obstructive sleep apnea is a deadly disease and it is now time for public ...
We got home Sunday evening from Chicago, spent some quality time with the kiddos, then hit the ground running Monday morning.. Selah had her ENT appointment to discuss her enlarged tonsils that seem to be the culprit of her severe sleep apnea. Her tonsils are a size 3 (0 being no tonsils and 4 being tonsils so large they actually touch each other). The ENT is scheduling Selah for a tonsillectomy, adenoidectomy, ear tubes, and a sedated hearing exam (ABR). With all of Selahs brain malformations, shes never had a hearing exam (we had a failed attempt at her ENT appointment). Selah will not be able to have prescription pain medication following her surgery because shes under age six and has severe sleep apnea. I have a call in to Selahs neurologist to discuss possible medications to help Selah with her pre-surgery anxiety (in the waiting room at the hospital), as well as post-op meds (Selah must spend the night in the hospital because shes under age six and has severe sleep apnea). Its going ...
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a prevalent sleep related breathing disorder associated with several anatomical abnormalities of the upper airway. Acoustic parameters of human speech are influenced by properties of the vocal tract, which includes the upper airway. We hypothesize that it is possible to differentiate OSA patients from non-OSA (healthy) subjects by analyzing potential patients speech signals. using speaker recognition and signal processing techniques, we designed a system for classifying a given speech signal into one of the two groups. the database for this research was constructed from 92 subjects who were recorded reading a one-minute speech protocol immediately prior to a full polysomnography study; one hundred and three acoustic features were extracted from each signal; seven independent Gaussian mixture models (GMM)-based classifiers were implemented; a fusion process was designed to combine the scores of these classifiers and a validation procedure took place in order to ...
The study found that a total number of 2,757 subjects contracted pneumonia during the study. Of that number, subjects with sleep apnea accounted for 9.36 percent of that number, while the control group only accounted for 7.77 percent. The analysis made from the study showed that those suffering from sleep apnea were more likely to develop pneumonia than those who had no trouble sleeping.. Sleep apnea is a sleeping disorder in which pauses in breathing or moments of shallow and infrequent breathing occur during sleep. Each pause, or apnea, in breathing can last anywhere from 10 seconds to several minutes, and can occur up to thirty times per hour.. Prior to this study, research regarding the correlation between sleep apnea and incident pneumonia was non existent, except for in sleep apnea patients who suffered from continuous positive airway therapy. The study, which included subjects suffering from continuous positive airway therapy, found that both study participants living with sleep apnea and ...
Sleep disturbances or obstructive sleep apnea syndrome affects a lot of people who are obese and a new research says now on top of having a
snoring cures sleep apnea fatigue children sleep apnea sleep apnea treatments cpap what is sleep apnea sleep apnea symptoms treatment. sleep apnea forums sleep disorder clinic bristol snore surgery treatment of neonatal apnea Forum, Topics, Posts, Last post Ask about snoring and sleep apnoea ( apnea ), treatments, assessment, surgery...
Many who think they are bunged up from insomnia are really experiencing sleep apnea. According to the Stanford University trellis site, apnea is a cessation of breath. Sleep apnea is when a person stops breathing epoch asleep.. The consult that sleep apnea and insomnia are sometimes mistaken one for another is that some of the symptoms are identical. seeing example, if you are suffering from insomnia, you will experience fatigue during the day and if you are wounded from sleep apnea, you may awaken several times during the night.. While some of the symptoms may be similar, sleep apnea can be life threatening. Some of the potential problems for those obscure sleep apnea include stroke, limelight attack, choice blood pressure and other thorny conditions.. There are multiplied viable causes of sleep apnea including obesity, extensive alcohol use, nose, throat or airway abnormality as well as some chancy diseases such owing to muscular dystrophy.. While you cannot diagnose land apnea at home, ...
Sleeping disorders impact people in different ways. For some people, they may feel they do not have a problem - except for the fact that their sleeping partner complains about their snoring. For others, they may know they have a snoring issue because they constantly wake themselves up gasping for air. This is a dangerous condition known as Obstructive Sleep Apnea OSA (a - without; pnea - breath). If any of these scenarios sound like your experience, then you may have OSA or another type of Sleep Related Breathing Disorder (SRBD). However, before jumping to conclusions, you need to obtain a thorough examination from a primary-care physician who is trained in sleep medicine in conjunction with our office. We have received training in the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders. But the good news is that sleep apnea is a treatable condition.. As for your question, yes, there are many things we can do to treat your snoring after the cause of your problem is properly established. One helpful ...
If youve been diagnosed with sleep apnea - or think you may have it - why should you seek treatment? To begin with, effective sleep apnea treatment will reduce and potentially eliminate the negative effects of the condition, such as snoring, drowsiness, lack of energy and impaired driving. Most sleep apnea patients who successfully undergo treatment experience increased energy4 and a healthier mental attitude - not to mention the satisfaction of consistently getting a good nights rest.. There are more incentives to seek sleep apnea treatment. Effective therapy can also help alleviate other conditions often associated with sleep apnea - such as heart disease,1 diabetes2 and obesity3 and even help prevent these conditions from developing. Simply put, effective sleep apnea treatment can reduce your health risks, improve your daily energy levels and help you feel more like yourself again. By continuing your sleep apnea treatment regularly, you are making an important decision to take control of ...
The realities of life with sleep apnea may seem foreboding. Still, there is one other important reality: sleep apnea is a treatable condition, and with the right equipment, the symptoms and side effects of sleep apnea can be reduced or even eliminated.. There are two effective ways to treat sleep apnea. One is with continuous positive airway pressure or the CPAP machine. The sleeper wears a mask over the face, attached to a hose and a motorized unit. When you wear the mask, a supply of gently pressurized air moves continually through your airway. Your airway remains open, ensuring you get enough oxygen when youre asleep.. The second treatment is an oral device that you wear for sleeping. It holds your jaw or tongue in a better position to help your airway stay open when you sleep. Its suitable for those with mild sleep apnea, and for people who snore. This device is an oral appliance you can get from your dentist after an evaluation and sleep study test.. ...
Sleep apnea is an SRBD, sleep-related breathing disorder, that affects a persons respiratory airflow. If you have any questions or concerns regarding your health and would like to know if you are suffering from sleep apnea, then contact your Leawood, KS, today!
Obstructive Sleep Apnea is the most common sleep related breathing disorder. OSA occurs when the tissue in the back of the throat collapses, narrowing the throat passageway during sleep either partially or completely blocking the airways. This can happen because muscles in the throat relax while you sleep, and gravity then causes the tongue to fall back and block the airways. Airway blockage can cause breathing problems and may stop breathing for several seconds many times during the night. Symptoms can include loud snoring, choking, gasping for breath, non-restful sleep, fatigue and feeling sleep deprived throughout the day. OSA can occur in both men and women of all ages; but it is most common in overweight, middle-aged men. There is a strong correlation between weight and OSA. When you gain weight, your neck tends to get thicker increasing the amount of fat in the back of the throat narrowing the airway; consequently your airway is more likely to become blocked. People with OSA often have a ...
For those who are looking for a sleep apnea cure, sleep apnea surgery is the last resort unless the condition is life threatening. There are other treatment methods to try before resorting to sleep apnea surgery. Some of the treatment methods are lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking, drinking and overeating. Others are through the use of a machine such as the CPAP machine, which keeps a constant flow of air to the person throughout the night. There are also devices that can be obtained from the dentist to help and reposition the jaw so that the tongue and other tissues are not as likely to block the airway. There are even pillows that are especially made to be used by sleep apnea sufferers, which help to keep the head in place during the night, or will help to keep the person from sleeping on his back.. Procedures Of Sleep Apnea Surgery. Once these other treatment methods have been tried, or if the sleep apnea is dangerous to the persons life, then the sleep apnea surgical treatments can ...
Book an appointment for sleep apnea treatment Reynoldsburg, OH today. 3 quality doctors and clinicians available today locally and or via video telehealth at affordable cash prices. Sesame helps you find affordable, sleep apnea treatment with a simple way to book and pay. Book now and save on sleep apnea treatment with Sesame. No insurance is necessary. Sleep apnea can be treated. Sleep apnea should be checked by a sleep specialst and if needed a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) machine perscribed for the patient. The first step might be to see a primary care provider in or near you Reynoldsburg, OH today.
It is known that acute or chronic heart failure can develop in patients with grave sleep apnea syndrome (SAS), and known to have the social problem including an accident and the decrease of the labor will. Several medical treatments are now available for SAS. We considered problems of the treatment based on the practice situation of our department about the present conditions and subsequent treatment. The subjects consisted of 306 patients. We measured Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and apnea hypopnea index (AHI) after polysomnography in all patients at the first time and 6 months later. So, it was found that AHI and ESS decreased when we could be treated in the SAS patients appropriately. It was confirmed that the choice of the appropriate regimen was important.
This study showed that sleep apnea is an independent risk factor for incident pneumonia. Our results also demonstrated an exposure-response relation in that patients with more severe sleep apnea may have a higher risk of pneumonia than patients with sleep apnea of milder severity.. In a study involving hospital-admitted patients with sleep apnea, Spurr and colleagues8 found that pneumonia was one of the most common reasons for admission. Another study by Morimoto and coauthors10 showed that, among older inpatients with sleep apnea, mortality from all causes was increased as well as from pneumonia. A nested case-control study showed that, among children with sleep apnea, those with pneumonia had a higher rate of obstructive sleep apnea (79/1546, 5%) than those without pneumonia (6/441, 1.3%) (p , 0.001).9 In contrast to several studies that showed an association between sleep apnea and pneumonia, Sanner and associates11 found that patients with sleep apnea who received CPAP therapy (n = 206) had ...
University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) researchers received $2.9 million from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases to study the outcomes of patients with sleep apnea and chronic kidney disease.. Chronic kidney disease is characterized by a slow, progressive decline in kidney function. If untreated, the disease leads to end-stage renal failure, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant. The two most common risk factors are high blood pressure and diabetes.. A previous study led by Ana Ricardo, MD, MPH, MS, UIC associate professor of medicine in the College of Medicine, demonstrated that poor sleep quality and short sleep duration speeds up the progression of kidney disease.. That research led us to our new study in which we will evaluate how sleep-disordered breathing might impact the progression of chronic kidney disease, Ricardo says in a release. The most common type of sleep-disordered breathing is obstructive sleep apnea, which is characterized by the ...
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Somnowell Inventor - Visiting Professor Simon Ash FDS MSc MOrth BDS. Prof. Ash is the inventor of the highly successful SOMNOWELL Chrome device for snoring and sleep apnoea.. The Somnowell Chrome is made to exacting standards in the Somnowell laboratory under the supervision of Visiting Professor Simon Ash. Prof. Ash and his master technicians create each Somnowell Chrome device using their wealth of experience and expertise.. Prof. Ash works at the forefront of his profession. He is a Consultant and Specialist Orthodontist with over 30 years clinical experience, with a special interest in sleep related breathing disorders, TMJD, and bruxism. He currently works in Harley Street London and two private hospitals in London as part of a multi-disciplinary team managing snoring and sleep apnoea, and is Visiting Professor of Orthodontics at the BPP University. ...
Idio pathic pulmona ry fib rosis (IPF) is a ch ronic and usually fatal lung disease of unknown etiology. The aim of this study was to desc ribe clinical and polysomnog ra phic featu res of slee p- rel
Often, the best treatment for obstructive sleep apnea is continuous positive airway pressure (C.P.A.P.). Its the only effective treatment for severe sleep apnea. If you have mild or moderate sleep apnea, your doctor may recommend one of these alternate treatments instead of CPAP: Making lifestyle changes: losing weight, avoiding alcohol and sedatives Dental appliances Surgery, including tonsillectomy and ...
Fatigue, a foggy mind, and irritability are all signs youre not getting enough sleep-and neither might your sleeping partner from your continuous snoring. You might have a common form of sleep-related breathing disorder (SRBD) known as obstructive sleep apnea.. Sleep apnea occurs when the airway becomes obstructed (usually by the tongue), resulting in a lack of oxygen. The body rouses from sleep just enough to correct the obstruction. This can occur and interrupt deep sleep several times a night, causing the aforementioned problems as well as personality changes, high blood pressure or increased stomach acid reflux. If the problem persists, sleep apnea could also become a long-term factor in the development of heart disease, diabetes or other serious conditions.. Fortunately, we can do something about it. While some may require more invasive intervention, most cases of sleep apnea can be alleviated through continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. In this therapy, an electrical pump ...
... is associated with NTG as are conditions like Flammer syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea.[2] Flammer syndrome has been ... De Groot V.: Eye diseases in patients with sleep apnea syndrome. Bull Soc Belge Ophthalmol 2009; 312:43-51 ... Lifestyle interventions are recommended in patients with Flammer syndrome like avoidance of fasting and certain stimuli like a ... Katarzyna Konieczka, Robert Rich et al.: Flammer syndrome. EPMA Journal 2014; 5:11 ...
"Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and fatty liver: association or causal link?". World J Gastroenterol. 16 (34): 4243-52. doi: ... H Singh; R Pollock; J Uhanova; M Kryger; K Hawkins; GY Minuk (2005). "Symptoms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Patients with ... and sleep apnea.[7][8][9] As the liver is the primary organ of lipid metabolism it is most often associated with steatosis; ... obstructive sleep apnea (OSA),[11] insulin resistance, or alcoholism. Nutrient malnutrition may also cause the mobilisation of ...
"The epiglottis and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome". The Journal of Laryngology & Otology. 112 (10): 940-943. doi:10.1017/ ... Abnormal positioning of the epiglottis is a rare cause of obstructive sleep apnoea. The epiglottis is present in mammals, ...
"Effects of Oropharyngeal Exercises on Patients with Moderate Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome". American Journal of Respiratory ... "Myofunctional Therapy to Treat Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis". Sleep. 38 (5): 669-75. doi: ... In treatment of sleep apnea, oral myology therapy involves a series of exercises designed to improve tongue position and tongue ... Patients suffering from sleep apnea and other breathing difficulties usually have decreased tone and mobility in the cheek, ...
"A review of EPAP nasal device therapy for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome". Sleep & Breathing. 19 (3): 769-74. doi:10.1007/ ... Nasal expiratory positive airway pressure (Nasal EPAP) is a treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and snoring. ... In OSA it appears to be effective to reduce but not eliminate apnea for people with mild to moderate OSA (Apnea-hypopnea index ... "Treatments for Obstructive Sleep Apnea". J Clin Outcomes Manag. 23 (4): 181-192. PMC 4847952. PMID 27134515.. ...
Brugada syndrome Incubus Sleep apnea Sleep paralysis Pesanta Lietuvēns Ramos, Maximo D. (1971). Creatures of Philippine Lower ... The batibat forbids humans from sleeping near its post. When a person does sleep near it, the batibat transforms into its true ... Weidenfeld, Lisa (October 26, 2018). "Sabrina goes to sleep and finds a whole lot of terrifying adventures". The A.V. Club. ... form and attacks the person by suffocating their victim and invading their dream space, causing sleep paralysis and waking ...
"Lingual Tonsil Hypertrophy as a Cause of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome - Case Report". New Medicine. 19 (4): 130-132. doi: ... Enlarged or hypertrophic lingual tonsils have the potential to cause or exacerbate sleep apnea. Lingual tonsil Lingual tonsil ...
Apnea & hypopnea detection - Diagnostic components of sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome and periodic breathing. Apnea & hypopnea ... RIP has been used in many clinical and academic research studies in a variety of domains including polysomnographic (sleep), ... classification - Phase relation between thorax and abdomen classifies apnea/hypopnea events into central, mixed, and ...
... individuals with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, postmenopausal women,[non-primary source needed] type 2 diabetics, ... "The prevalence of calcified carotid artery atheromas in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome". Journal of Oral and ... "The prevalence of carotid atheromas seen on panoramic radiographs of patients with obstructive sleep apnea and their relation ...
2005). "Didgeridoo playing as alternative treatment for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome: randomised controlled trial". BMJ. ... the British Medical Journal found that learning and practising the didgeridoo helped reduce snoring and obstructive sleep apnea ... by strengthening muscles in the upper airway, thus reducing their tendency to collapse during sleep. In the study, intervention ...
Obestatin and Apelin levels in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome". Med. Sci. Monit. 17 (3): CR159-64. doi: ... In obese patients with obstructive sleep apnea, leptin level is increased, but decreased after the administration of continuous ... In non-obese individuals, however, restful sleep (i.e., 8-12 hours of unbroken sleep) can increase leptin to normal levels. All ... Knutson KL, Spiegel K, Penev P, Van Cauter E (June 2007). "The metabolic consequences of sleep deprivation". Sleep Med Rev. 11 ...
"Didgeridoo playing as alternative treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome: randomised controlled trial". BMJ. 332 (7536 ... for demonstrating that regular playing of a didgeridoo is an effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea and snoring. ... to awaken sleeping people in case of a fire or other emergency, and for applying this knowledge to invent the wasabi alarm. ...
The presence of other sleep disorders (e.g., obstructive sleep apnea syndrome). Bruxism is derived from the Greek word βρύκειν ... such as obstructive sleep apnea, snoring, moderate daytime sleepiness,[medical citation needed] and insomnia Down syndrome ... normally used for treatment of obstructive sleep apnea) may reduce sleep bruxism, although its use may be associated with ... during sleep ("sleep bruxism"), or while awake ("awake bruxism"). This is the most widely used classification since sleep ...
"The effectiveness of tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy in the treatment of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome: a ... Widest agreement surrounds the removal of the adenoid for obstructive sleep apnea, usually combined with tonsillectomy. Even ... between enuresis and obstructive sleep in general but an increase with advancing severity of obstructive sleep apnea, observed ... and relationship with obstructive sleep apnea". J. Pediatr. 159 (2): 238-42.e1. doi:10.1016/j.jpeds.2011.01.036. PMID 21397910 ...
... www.webmd.com/sleep-disorders/guide/understanding-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome. Pang, D. S.; Robledo, C. J.; Carr, D. R.; ... For example, sleep apnea is a condition where there is partial, or complete, blockage of breathing during sleep. In addition, ... Theta waves are especially prominent during ongoing behaviors and during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Studies have shown ... and influence on sleep patterns. Some of these oxygen environments include hyperoxic conditions, which is a condition where ...
Bio-radar can be used in sleep medicine for sleep apnea syndrome monitoring in adults and newborns. Furthermore, it can be used ... "A Novel Method for Recognition of Bioradiolocation Signal Breathing Patterns for Noncontact Screening of Sleep Apnea Syndrome ... Information Value of Diagnostic Data Obtained by Bioradiolocation Pneumography in Non-contact Screening of Sleep Apnea Syndrome ... While the examinee maintains a calm state (e.g. is sleeping or sitting in a fixed pose) modulation of bio-radar signal is ...
"Transoral robotic tongue base resection in obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea syndrome: A preliminary report". ORL. 72 (1): 22- ... 2016). "Outcomes for multilevel surgery for sleep apnea: Obstructive sleep apnea, transoral robotic surgery, and ... is one common way to measure the degree of a patient's sleep apnea. The higher the number, the worse the breathing during sleep ... TransOral Robotic Sleep Apnea (TORSA) surgery utilizes the same approach to open the upper airway of patients with obstructive ...
Finally there is a lower complication rate, although obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) is associated. Both techniques ... Acute obstructive sleep apnea as a complication of sphincter pharyngoplasty. Cleft Palate Craniofac J. 1996. 33(3):183-9. ... which can result in sleep apnea. Alternatively, a postoperative situation can be created with the same symptoms as before ... without causing upper airway obstruction and sleep apnea.Nowadays the procedure that is chosen the most from the palatoplasties ...
Obesity is a risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea. Obesity hypoventilation syndrome is defined as the combination of obesity ... The risk of carpal tunnel syndrome rises 7.4% for each 1 kg/m2 increase of body mass index. Those who are obese have a rate of ... Samer El Hayek; Lynn Bitar; Layal H. Hamdar; Fadi G. Mirza; Georges Daoud (5 April 2016). "Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome: An ... Obesity Obesity hypoventilation syndrome List of heaviest people "Obesity and overweight". World Health Organization. Retrieved ...
These phenomena can occur during wakefulness or during sleep, where they are called the central sleep apnea syndrome (CSAS). It ... "The role of central chemosensitivity in central apnea of heart failure". Sleep. 16 (8 Suppl): S37-S38. doi:10.1093/sleep/16. ... Khoo, MC; Gottschalk, A; Pack, AI (1991). "Sleep-induced periodic breathing and apnea: a theoretical study". Journal of Applied ... The distinction lies in what is observed at the trough of ventilation: Cheyne-Stokes respiration involves apnea (since apnea is ...
Rett Syndrome Sleep Apnea Control of respiration Ventral respiratory group Smith JC, Ellenberger HH, Ballanyi K, Richter DW, ... such as Rett syndrome and obstructive sleep apnea. AIH leads to persistent increases in respiratory frequency and amplitude of ... it has been used as a model to study pathological conditions such as apnea of prematurity and sudden infant death syndrome. The ... such as Rett syndrome and sudden infant death syndrome. Both the eupneic and the sigh rhythms involve activation of the ...
"The treatment of central sleep apnea syndromes in adults: practice parameters with an evidence-based literature review and meta ... sleep apnea. It has also been used to prevent methotrexate-induced kidney damage by alkalinalizing the urine, hence speeding up ... Sleep. 35 (1): 17-40. doi:10.5665/sleep.1580. PMC 3242685. PMID 22215916. Shamash, J; Earl, H; Souhami, R (1991). " ... Several published cases of intracranial hypotension related to Marfan syndrome would warrant caution in using acetazolamide in ...
... and can be associated with sleep apnea or upper airway resistance syndrome. In children, nasal congestion from enlarged ... adenoids has caused chronic sleep apnea with insufficient oxygen levels and hypoxia, as well as right-sided heart failure. The ... Significant congestion may interfere with sleep, cause snoring, ... and sleeping with one's head elevated. It also recommends a ... "Orofacial-cervical alterations in individuals with upper airway resistance syndrome". Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology ...
"Sleep . 3: Clinical presentation and diagnosis of the obstructive sleep apnoea hypopnoea syndrome". Thorax. 59 (4): 347-52. ... High-resolution pulse oximetry (HRPO) has been developed for in-home sleep apnea screening and testing in patients for whom it ... or for diagnosis of some sleep disorders such as apnea and hypopnea.[42] Portable battery-operated pulse oximeters are useful ... It stores and records both pulse rate and SpO2 in 1 second intervals and has been shown in one study to help to detect sleep ...
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in the Sao Paulo epidemiologic sleep study. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 11(5), 441-446. ... Sleep Apnea (Obstructive), Hypopnea Syndrome, Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Pitolisant to Assess Weekly Frequency of Cataplexy ... Treatment of Refractory Excessive Daytime Sleepiness in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome (OSA/HS) Using ... Treatment of Refractory Excessive Daytime Sleepiness in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome (OSA/HS) Using ...
... central sleep apnea, congenital central hypoventilation syndrome (i.e., Ondine's curse), and diaphragm paralysis. There are ... of electrical impulses to the diaphragm to provide artificial ventilatory support for respiratory failure or sleep apnea. ... "Diaphragm pacers as a treatment for congenital central hypoventilation syndrome". Expert Review of Medical Devices. 2 (5): 577- ... "Diaphragm Pacing without Tracheostomy in Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome Patients". Respiration. 89 (6). Retrieved ...
This included claims without proof that its products could help people with fibromyalgia, restless leg syndrome and sleep apnea ... The company made scientifically unsupported claims that its pillows could cure insomnia and ailments such as sleep apnea, ... "Sleep Expert," despite having no board certification or special training in sleep medicine. The Better Business Bureau received ... of the National Sleep Foundation because it failed to disclose its financial connection with the foundation to consumers." In ...
2005). "ACephalometric Comparison of Patients With the Sleep Apnea/Hypopnea Syndrome and Their Siblings". Sleep. Gungor; et al ... on adult men and women and found that location of the hyoid also correlates with the obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome ... Three of which indicated the importance of hyoid position in pediatric sleep apnea. Future studies are needed in this area. A ... It has been used for studies in obstructive sleep apnea. As cephalometry become more digitized by using different programs and ...
Obstructive sleep apneaEdit. The short stops in breathing during the sleep are the mainstay of OSA. Other symptoms can be ... Apert syndrome fused fingers or toes • flat midface 101200 FGFR2 Crouzonodermoskeletal syndrome wide-set, bulging eyes • beaked ... Bannink N, Nout E, Wolvius EB, Hoeve HL, Joosten KF, Mathijssen IM (February 2010). "Obstructive sleep apnea in children with ... Findings include elevation of the intracranial pressure; obstructive sleep apnea (OSA); abnormalities in the skull base and ...
... sleep apnea, polycystic ovary syndrome, familial glucocorticoid resistance, and hyperthyroidism.[9]. The late-night or midnight ... Pituitary adenomas are responsible for 80% of endogenous Cushing's syndrome,[3] when excluding Cushing's syndrome from ... "Cushing's Syndrome Information Page". Retrieved August 26, 2013.. *^ Kirk, Lawrence F., Jr; Robert B. Hash; Harold P. Katner; ... The symptoms of Cushing's disease are similar to those seen in other causes of Cushing's syndrome.[5] Patients with Cushing's ...
Kleine-Levin syndrome. *Narcolepsy. *Sleep apnea *Central hypoventilation syndrome. *Obesity hypoventilation syndrome ... Psychophysiology: Sleep and sleep disorders (F51 and G47 / 307.4 and 327) ... "Another Reason the City Never Sleeps: More Bedbugs.". *New York Times, 27 November 2005: "Just Try to Sleep Tight. The Bedbugs ... "Sleep Tight, and Don't Let ... Oh Just Forget About It". *Dermatology Online Journal, Vol. 5, No. 1, May 1999: Cimex ...
Sleep apnea. Sleep disorder where breathing starts/stops, a lot of times the person will snore. More common. Less common. ... The Coffin-Lowry Syndrome Foundation[10] acts as a clearinghouse for information on Coffin-Lowry syndrome and hosts a forum for ... Additional neuromuscular features include sleep apnea, muscular spasticity, progressive loss of muscle strength and tone ... The syndrome is caused by mutations in the RPS6KA3 gene.[1] This gene is located on the short arm of the X chromosome (Xp22.2 ...
Currently there are efforts under way at NIOSH to help reduce the incidence of preventable disorders (e.g., sleep apnea) among ... De Quervain syndrome. *Exposure to human nail dust. *Farmer's lung. *Fiddler's neck ...
心血管疾病、第2型糖尿病、阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停(obstructive sleep apnea)、某些癌症、骨关节炎、抑郁[2][3]. ... 肥胖是幾個症候群的主要特徵,比如說普瑞德威利症候群(俗稱小胖威利症候群)、巴德-畢德氏症候群、科恩症候群、以及MOMO症候群(英语:MOMO syndrome);因此有
Some use the terms obstructive sleep apnea syndrome or obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome to refer to OSA which is ... "Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (780.53-0)". The International Classification of Sleep Disorders (PDF). Westchester, Illinois ... Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is the most common type of sleep apnea and is caused by complete or partial obstructions of the ... February 2011). "Management of obstructive sleep apnea in Europe". Sleep Med. 12 (2): 190-7. doi:10.1016/j.sleep.2010.10.003. ...
Kleine-Levin syndrome. *Narcolepsy. *Sleep apnea *Central hypoventilation syndrome. *Obesity hypoventilation syndrome ... Alcohol dependence syndrome Alcohol withdrawal syndrome Delirium tremens Alcoholic hallucinosis Korsakoff's syndrome ... F50-F59) Behavioural syndromes associated with physiological disturbances and physical factors[edit]. *(F50) Eating disorders * ... F07.2) Postconcussional syndrome. *(F07.8) Other organic personality and behavioural disorders due to brain disease, damage and ...
Sleep disorders. *Insomnia. *Hypersomnia. *Sleep apnea *Obstructive. *Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. *Narcolepsy ... Examples include flail arm syndrome, flail leg syndrome, and isolated bulbar ALS. Flail arm syndrome and flail leg syndrome are ... Additional names for flail arm syndrome include the scapulohumeral form of ALS, Vulpian-Bernart syndrome, hanging arm syndrome ... Myasthenic syndrome, also known as Lambert-Eaton syndrome, can mimic ALS, and its initial presentation can be similar to that ...
... shows attention to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) and very few other sleep disorders. Some NHS trusts have specialist ... Sleep apnea, obstructive sleep apnea, obstruction of the airway during sleep, causing lack of sufficient deep sleep, often ... classifies as apnea. Other forms of sleep apnea include central sleep apnea and sleep-related hypoventilation.[9] ... Obstructive Sleep Apnea[edit]. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) affects around 4% of men and 2% of women in the United States.[47] ...
Sleep disorders. *Insomnia. *Hypersomnia. *Sleep apnea *Obstructive. *Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. *Narcolepsy ... Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), also known as Steele-Richardson-Olszewski syndrome, is a degenerative disease involving ... It is one of a number of diseases collectively referred to as Parkinson plus syndromes. A poor response to levodopa along with ... Richardson's syndrome and PSP-parkinsonism". Brain. 128 (Pt 6): 1247-58. doi:10.1093/brain/awh488. PMID 15788542.. ...
... has also been found to improve sleep apnea in people with Alzheimer's.[30] It also improves gait in people with mild ... CADASIL syndrome, and Down syndrome. A three-year National Institutes of Health trial in people with mild cognitive impairment ... "Donepezil improves obstructive sleep apnea in Alzheimer disease: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study". Chest. 133 (3): 677 ... The addition of donepezil with existing ADHD medications has shown mixed results.[35] In those with Tourette syndrome and ADHD ...
Some symptoms of sleep apnea overlap with those of ADNFLE, such as sudden awakening accompanied by a feeling of choking and on ... of patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome will have epilepsy, 80% of children with Rett syndrome will have epilepsy and 80% of ... It has been reported that sleep apnea might be associated with epilepsy which would account for some of the misdiagnoses.[3] ... is the best understood form of frontal lobe epilepsy but is often misdiagnosed as sleep apnea. Both disorders are characterized ...
Kleine-Levin syndrome. *Narcolepsy. *Sleep apnea *Central hypoventilation syndrome. *Obesity hypoventilation syndrome ... "Good night, sleep tight, don't let the bed bugs bite", is a saying some people recite before they go to sleep.[74] ... A definitive diagnosis of health effects due to bed bugs requires a search for and finding of the insect in the sleeping ... When visiting a new lodging, it is advised to check the bed before taking suitcases into the sleeping area and putting the ...
Sleep disorders. *Insomnia. *Hypersomnia. *Sleep apnea *Obstructive. *Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. *Narcolepsy ... French Canadian Leigh syndrome[edit]. The type of Leigh syndrome found at a much higher rate in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean ... Succinic acid has been studied, and shown effective for both Leigh syndrome, and MELAS syndrome.[13][14] A high-fat, low- ... French Canadian Leigh syndrome has similar symptoms to other types of Leigh syndrome. The age of onset is, on average, 5 months ...
Pain and sleep[edit]. Pain is common and may result from the inherent deficits associated with the condition, along with the ... See also: Category:Works about cerebral palsy and other paralytic syndromes. Maverick documentary filmmaker Kazuo Hara ... "Caffeine for apnea of prematurity: Effects on the developing brain". NeuroToxicology. 58: 94-102. doi:10.1016/j.neuro.2016.11. ... There is also a high likelihood of chronic sleep disorders secondary to both physical and environmental factors.[38] Children ...
Sleep apnea surgery Endocrine surgery Traumatic reconstruction Balance Skull base surgery Anterior skull base Swallowing ... Empty nose syndrome. *Severe or recurrent epistaxis. Pediatric otorhinolaryngologyEdit. *Adenoidectomy. *Caustic ingestion ... Sleep Medicine* Surgical oncology Facial cosmetic surgery Ear Middle and inner ear Sinusitis Voice disorders Velopalatine ...
"Sleep paralysis, parasomnia, sleep apnea, sleep eat, parasomnias, paresthesias, dysesthesias, obstructive sleep apnea, REM, ... Pusher syndrome[edit]. Main article: Pusher syndrome. Pusher syndrome is a clinical disorder following left or right brain ... Classification of pusher syndrome[edit]. Individuals who present with pusher syndrome or lateropulsion, as defined by Davies, ... Parasomnia: sleep paralysis[13]. Mechanism[edit]. Movement of the body is primarily controlled by the pyramidal (or ...
... with the appearance of diseases such as diabetes mellitus and sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome, specifically, obstructive sleep ... Inherited arrhythmic syndromes (congenital long QT syndrome, short QT syndrome, Brugada syndrome) ... For people who have both atrial fibrillation and obstructive sleep apnea, observational studies suggest that continuous ... and sleep apnea.[3] Other factors include excess alcohol intake, tobacco smoking, diabetes mellitus, and thyrotoxicosis.[3][7][ ...
... by restless leg syndrome, by pain, by anxiety, or by other medical conditions, like obstructive sleep apnea or menopause. ... Sleep disturbances: Patients who do not sleep well are more tired than others. Cancer patients commonly experience insomnia or ... Practicing good sleep hygiene may reduce fatigue by improving sleep quality. Nutritional disturbances: Patients may have ... Sleep disturbances may be caused by sleeping too much during the day, ...
Kleine-Levin syndrome. *Narcolepsy. *Sleep apnea *Central hypoventilation syndrome. *Obesity hypoventilation syndrome ... "Sleep and Hypnosis. 4 (4): 132-42.. *. Gackenbach, Jayne; Laberge, Stephen (1988). Conscious Mind, Sleeping Brain. New York: ... The Committee of Sleep: How Artists, Scientists, and Athletes Use their Dreams for Creative Problem Solving ... and How You Can ... and said they were associated with rapid eye movement sleep (REM sleep). Green was also the first to link lucid dreams to the ...
Sleep disorders. *Insomnia. *Hypersomnia. *Sleep apnea *Obstructive. *Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. *Narcolepsy ... Stiff-person syndrome (SPS), also known as stiff-man syndrome (SMS),[1] is a rare neurologic disorder of unclear cause ... Stiff-limb syndrome is a variant of SPS.[7] This syndrome develops into full SPS about 25 percent of the time. Stiffness and ... Duddy, Martin; Baker, Mark (2009). The Immunological Basis for Treatment of Stiff Person Syndrome. Stiff Person Syndrome. ...
Sleep disorders. *Insomnia. *Hypersomnia. *Sleep apnea *Obstructive. *Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. *Narcolepsy ... including sudden sleep attacks resembling narcolepsy), disturbances in REM sleep, or insomnia.[29] REM behavior disorder (RBD ... Sleep problems are a feature of the disease and can be worsened by medications.[29] Symptoms can manifest as daytime drowsiness ... This is now discouraged since it can bring on dangerous side effects such as neuroleptic malignant syndrome.[74] Most people ...
A symptom (from Greek σύμπτωμα, "accident, misfortune, that which befalls",[1] from συμπίπτω, "I befall", from συν- "together, with" and πίπτω, "I fall") is a departure from normal function or feeling which is apparent to a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease. A symptom can be subjective or objective. Tiredness is a subjective symptom whereas cough or fever are objective symptoms.[2] In contrast to a symptom, a sign is a clue to a disease elicited by an examiner or a doctor.[3] For example, paresthesia is a symptom (only the person experiencing it can directly observe their own tingling feeling), whereas erythema is a sign (anyone can confirm that the skin is redder than usual). Symptoms and signs are often nonspecific, but often combinations of them are at least suggestive of certain diagnoses, helping to narrow down what may be wrong. In other cases they are specific even to the point of being pathognomonic. The term is sometimes also ...
Sleep apnea. *Time of useful consciousness. *Tumor hypoxia, the situation where tumor cells have been deprived of oxygen ... Immersion foot syndromes Trench foot. Tropical immersion foot. Warm water immersion foot. Chilblains. Frostbite. Aerosol burn. ... UV-sensitive syndrome. .mw-parser-output .nobold{font-weight:normal}. environmental skin conditions. Electrical burn. ...
Sleep disturbances[edit]. Another common and under-recognized cause of hypertension is sleep apnea,[54][55] which is often best ... Hyperaldosteronism (Conn's syndrome) - idiopathic hyperaldosteronism, liddle's syndrome (also called pseudoaldosteronism), ... Pack AI, Gislason T (2009). "Obstructive sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease: a perspective and future directions". Progress ... "Treating Obstructive Sleep Apnea Improves Essential Hypertension and Quality of Life". American Family Physician. 65 (2): 229- ...
Sleep disorders. *Insomnia. *Hypersomnia. *Sleep apnea *Obstructive. *Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome. *Narcolepsy ... ET-related tremors do not occur during sleep, but people with ET sometimes complain of an especially coarse tremor upon ... Another study found more severe tremors, a lower sleep disorder frequency, and a similar prevalence of other non-motor symptoms ... "Differential diagnosis of common tremor syndromes". BMJ Journals. Retrieved 17 June 2018 ...
His condition, which meant that he could hardly eat or sleep, was eventually discovered to be caused by a tumor on his brain ...
... and restless leg syndrome (RLS). Normal test results show little to no episodes of sleep apnea and normal electrical activity ... Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea, Central sleep apnea, Sleep-related hypoventilation, Circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders, ... "Sleep Sex - Sexsomnia Causes And Treatment , Sleep Disorder Symptoms". Sleep Disorders , all About Sleep Deprivation. Retrieved ... NREM sleep[edit]. Non Rapid Eye Movement sleep, or NREM, consists of three stages. Stage 1 is described as "drowsy sleep" or " ...
Been told I have chronic fatigue syndrome, fibromyalgia, sleep apnea, and alot of other issues. I currently weigh about 260- ...
Half of Greek men experience sleep apnea. One in two men and one in five women in Greece have sleep apnea syndrome. People with ... www.ekathimerini.com/society/1159445/half-of-greek-men-experience-sleep-apnea/ ...
How does sleep apnea effect parenting? Last post by Beatthescammers « Thu Mar 15, 2012 7:02 pm ... Shaken Baby Syndrome vs. Medical Illness Last post by JonathansRock « Mon Oct 24, 2011 10:52 am ...
  • What is obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS)? (medscape.com)
  • The pathophysiology of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is poorly understood. (medscape.com)
  • [ 8 ] Certain medical conditions such as Prader-Willi syndrome or trisomy 21 (Down syndrome) increase the risk for OSAS because of midline deformities such as macroglossia, micrognathia, midface hypoplasia. (medscape.com)
  • We analyzed the role of sleep position in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). (springer.com)
  • Its effects on sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and especially obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) still remain a matter of debate. (nih.gov)
  • We aim to review the literature regarding the consequences of smoking on sleep architecture and SDB, adding emphasis on OSAS clinical implications and treatment. (nih.gov)
  • This revised clinical practice guideline, intended for use by primary care clinicians, provides recommendations for the diagnosis and management of the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) in children and adolescents. (aappublications.org)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common condition in childhood and can result in severe complications if left untreated. (aappublications.org)
  • This guideline specifically excludes infants younger than 1 year of age, patients with central apnea or hypoventilation syndromes, and patients with OSAS associated with other medical disorders, including but not limited to Down syndrome, craniofacial anomalies, neuromuscular disease (including cerebral palsy), chronic lung disease, sickle cell disease, metabolic disease, or laryngomalacia. (aappublications.org)
  • There is an increased risk of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) to have stroke or cardiac infarcts. (nih.gov)
  • During a 4-month period (August 1994 to December 1994) we recruited prospectively 76 patients referred for polysomnograms because of a suspected sleep disorder such as OSAS. (nih.gov)
  • Fifty patients had no respiratory events during sleep (non-OSAS), 19 patients had more than five but less than 50 obstructive apneas or hypopneas per hour of total sleep time (mild-to-moderate OSAS group), and seven patients had an apnea hypopnea index of more than 50 per hour of total sleep time (severe OSAS group). (nih.gov)
  • There was a significant correlation of the apnea hypopnea index with 9 PM and 6 AM systolic and diastolic blood pressure, with 9 PM platelet activation, and with 6 AM epinephrine levels mainly due to high values in the severe OSAS group. (nih.gov)
  • Cognitive and performance impairment is well established in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), having a significant impact on the quality of life and the risk of accidents in these individuals. (scielo.br)
  • The severity of the impairment correlates with that of the OSAS, which explains the apparent discrepancy between studies using patients from sleep clinics and population-based studies in terms of the reported frequency and severity of such impairment. (scielo.br)
  • However, the causal mechanisms of these deficits have not been entirely clarified, and the relative contribution of intermittent hypoxia and sleep disruption in OSAS is particularly controversial. (scielo.br)
  • Controversial findings are reported about the relationship between floppy eyelid syndrome (FES) and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). (hindawi.com)
  • FES has also been associated with a variety of systemic diseases such as obesity, hypertension, ischemic heart disease, diabetes mellitus, skin pathologies, and most commonly obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) [ 9 - 11 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • OSAS is characterized by recurrent episodes of partial or complete upper airway obstruction causing cessation of breathing during sleep [ 12 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Up to 70% of obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery have obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Patients were classified as presenting OSAS if apnea-hypopnea index obtained from preoperative full-night polysomnography was greater than 5/hour. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We hypothesised that adenotonsillar volume (ATV), nasopharyngeal airway volume (NPAV), upper airway critical closing pressure (Pcrit) in the hypotonic and activated neuromotor states, upper airway electromyographic response to subatmospheric pressure and the ventilatory response to CO 2 during sleep would be major predictors of OSAS risk. (bmj.com)
  • Methods 42 obese adolescents with OSAS and 37 weight-matched controls underwent upper airway MRI, measurements of Pcrit, genioglossal electromyography and ventilatory response to CO 2 during wakefulness and sleep. (bmj.com)
  • Results ATV, NPAV, activated and hypotonic Pcrit, genioglossal electromyography and ventilatory response to CO 2 during sleep were all associated with OSAS risk. (bmj.com)
  • Increased awareness that changes in sleeping habits and daytime behaviour may be attributable to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has led many patients to seek both information and definitive treatment. (cda-adc.ca)
  • A n increasing number of people are realizing that changes in their sleeping habits and daytime behaviour may be attributable to obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). (cda-adc.ca)
  • OSAS is characterized by repetitive episodes of upper airway obstruction that occur during sleep usually in association with a reduction in blood oxygen saturation. (cda-adc.ca)
  • The clinical manifestations of OSAS are related to obstruction of the upper airway, fragmented sleep, and the respiratory and cardiovascular consequences of disordered breathing. (cda-adc.ca)
  • Excessive daytime somnolence is a key feature of OSAS resulting from disrupted sleep. (cda-adc.ca)
  • The partners of people with OSAS may witness gasping, choking or periods of apnea, with repeated arousals through the night. (cda-adc.ca)
  • If the history supports the diagnosis of OSAS, the patient should be referred to a sleep disorders laboratory for overnight polysomnography, the objective method of establishing the diagnosis and assessing the potential success of treatment. (cda-adc.ca)
  • Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) affects 4 percent of the population although half the world's population snores. (omicsonline.org)
  • Objective The maxillofacial characteristics of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) have previously been analyzed using standard cephalometric analysis. (go.jp)
  • Malocclusion influences the occurrence of sleep apnea, but the pathology of malocclusion in OSAS has not yet been fully investigated. (go.jp)
  • In obese patients with OSAS, the benefit of the combination of exercise training + continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) will be higher than CPAP alone in term of functional capacity, metabolic, inflammatory, cardiovascular and sleep parameters and quality of life. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In addition, we have shown that plasma s(P)RR concentrations are elevated in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). (mdpi.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a common disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of upper airway obstruction resulting in oxygen desaturations and sleep disruption. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS) occur frequently in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with elevated liver enzymes and fatty liver. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of individually prescribed oral appliances for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) on blood pressure, as well as factors influencing the efficacy. (quintpub.com)
  • One hundred sixty-one patients (121 men and 40 women, mean age: 54.3 13.7 years) diagnosed with mild to moderate OSAS (mean apnea-hypopnea index: 17.9 14.1) were studied before and after insertion of a mandibular advancement device, with a mean interval of 60 days. (quintpub.com)
  • Obstrukční syndrom spánkové apnoe (obstructive sleep apnea syndrom = OSAS) jecharakterizován opakovanými epizodami obstrukce horních dýchacích cest během spánku, kteréjsou obvykle doprovázeny poklesem saturace kyslíku v krvi. (prolekare.cz)
  • Adenotonsillectomy is a surgery to treat recurrent tonsillitis or obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS). (elsevier.es)
  • To determine, in a series of children younger than 6 years undergoing adenotonsillectomy for treatment of clinical obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS), the effect of age on prevalence of postoperative respiratory complications. (ovid.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is associated with inflammatory processes and elevated plasma cytokines. (eurekaselect.com)
  • Objectives: To provide a comprehensive review of studies on information processing speed in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) as compared to healthy controls and normative data, and to determine whether continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment improves information processing speed. (uta.fi)
  • PURPOSE To look for correlation between obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and axial cross-sectional area of the narrowed oropharyngeal lumen. (ajnr.org)
  • METHODS Thirty-six men with OSAS and 10 control subjects underwent polysomnography with registration of oxygen saturation and number of sleep apnea episodes and their duration. (ajnr.org)
  • Practice parameters for the non-respiratory indications for polysomnography and multiple sleep latency testing for children. (medscape.com)
  • The diagnosis of sleep apnea syndrome is based on polysomnography, and severity is measured with an apnea-hypopnea index that counts the total number of apneas per hour of sleep. (nih.gov)
  • Overnight polysomnography showed severe central sleep apnea (CSA) with an overall apnea-hypopnea index of 100.5 events per hour of sleep (central apnea index of 97.5, mixed apnea index of 2, and obstructive hypopnea index of 1). (aappublications.org)
  • The number of apnea and hypopnea episodes per hour (apnea-hypopnea index: AHI) was determined by standard polysomnography. (go.jp)
  • A full polysomnography through a night's sleep was recorded and analyzed manually according to standard criteria. (ersjournals.com)
  • We measured Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and apnea hypopnea index (AHI) after polysomnography in all patients at the first time and 6 months later. (scirp.org)
  • W e studied the effects of modafinil, a vigilance-enhancing drug, on excessive daytime sleepiness, memory, night sleep and respiration in 6 patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) using a double-blind random cross-over design with 24-hour polysomnography, verbal memory test and a 5-week sleep-wake diary kept by the patients. (modafinil.com)
  • Polysomnography was performed and BP was measured on a beat-by-beat basis by finger plethysmography all through the sleep. (ahajournals.org)
  • A basic method of evaluating sleep quality is polysomnography (PSG) where sleep stages are identified from the electroencephalogram (EEG), electrooculogram and chin electromyogram. (go.jp)
  • A convenience sample of 67 patients with OSAHS in our hospital from December 2018 to December 2019 was selected and categorized into mild, moderate, and severe groups according to apnea-hypopnea index by polysomnography. (springer.com)
  • The sleep disorder specialist scores and performs polysomnography and also assists in diagnosing and preparing a treatment plan for the condition. (wikipedia.org)
  • The primary endpoint of the study is to evaluate the effect of CPAP therapy on pulmonary vascular resistance in PAH and CTEPH patients suffering from sleep disordered breathing. (centerwatch.com)
  • The primary goal is to evaluate the efficacity after 3 months of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome treatment by CPAP on the epilepsy seizures frequency. (centerwatch.com)
  • Indications and standards for use of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in sleep apnea syndromes: statement of the american thoracic society. (springer.com)
  • This page provides information about the usage of CPAP machines on board by customers who have been diagnosed with Sleep Apnea Syndrome (SAS) and are undergoing CPAP treatment. (ana.co.jp)
  • Recently, sleeping problems and the lack of sleep has been diagnosed as Sleep Apnea Syndrome (SAS) and many patients are receiving Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) treatments, which can be used on board as well. (ana.co.jp)
  • This information is for customers who have been diagnosed with sleep apnea syndrome (SAS).It will be an onboard flight guide for customer who is receiving CPAP therapy. (jal.co.jp)
  • Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is the most common effective treatment for sleep apnea. (riverreporter.com)
  • Nasal CPAP is not a permanent cure, and apnea episodes return when CPAP is stopped or not properly used. (riverreporter.com)
  • Complex sleep apnea syndrome (CompSAS) is a distinct form of sleep-disordered breathing characterized as central sleep apnea (CSA), and presents in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) patients during initial treatment with a continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device. (dovepress.com)
  • CPAP therapy targeted to normalize the apnea-hypopnea index is indicated for the initial treatment of central sleep apnea syndromes related to congestive heart failure (CHF). (aafp.org)
  • Data show that CPAP treatment targeted to an apnea-hypopnea index less than 15 has a positive effect on transplant-free survival in patients with central sleep apnea syndromes and CHF. (aafp.org)
  • Bilevel positive airway pressure therapy in a spontaneous timed mode targeted to normalize the apnea-hypopnea index may be considered for the treatment of central sleep apnea related to CHF only if there is no response to adequate trials of CPAP, adaptive servo-ventilation, and oxygen therapies. (aafp.org)
  • Compliance with CPAP therapy in patients with the sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome. (bmj.com)
  • BACKGROUND--Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is the treatment of choice for the sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome. (bmj.com)
  • METHODS--Usage of CPAP was investigated in 54 patients with sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome (median 36 (range 7-129) apnoeas + hypopnoeas/hour slept) over the first 1-3 months after starting CPAP therapy. (bmj.com)
  • In all patients objective daytime sleepiness was assessed by multiple sleep latency before and after CPAP therapy. (bmj.com)
  • There was no correlation between run time and severity of the sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome as assessed by apnoea + hypopnoea frequency or multiple sleep latency, and no correlation between CPAP usage and improvement in multiple sleep latency. (bmj.com)
  • CONCLUSIONS--Patients with sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome used CPAP for less than five hours/night on average with no correlation between severity of sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome and CPAP usage. (bmj.com)
  • There have been very few studies assessing the long-term physiological effects of nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for the obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. (biomedsearch.com)
  • We therefore investigated prospectively the evolution of lung function, arterial blood gases and pulmonary haemodynamics in patients with this syndrome treated with CPAP. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Vasoactive Hormones During the Night in Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Before and After Treatment With CPAP. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Poor adherence to continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) commonly affects therapeutic response in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). (bioportfolio.com)
  • Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is an effective treatment of severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) but poor compliance is a major limitation. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Efficacy of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) preventing type 2 diabetes mellitus in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and insulin resistance: a systematic review and meta-analysis. (bioportfolio.com)
  • General Discussion on any topic relating to CPAP and/or Sleep Apnea. (cpaptalk.com)
  • I don't have sleep apnea - I started cpap last week to treat RERAs (respiratory effort related arousals) and have RLS. (cpaptalk.com)
  • The best treatment to date for any type of sleep apnea is to use a Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) device. (medicus.ca)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is characterized by abnormal collapse of the pharyngeal airway during sleep, snoring, vigorous inspiratory efforts causing frequent arousal, and excessive daytime drowsiness. (nih.gov)
  • Recent mid-terms trials showed that nocturnal use of positive airway pressure in patients with the two types of apnea alleviates symptoms, reduces sympathetic activity, improves ventricular function and quality of life, and reduces daytime drowsiness. (nih.gov)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea happens when something partly or completely blocks your upper airway during shut- eye . (webmd.com)
  • Avoid alcohol and sleeping pills, which make the airway more likely to collapse during sleep and lengthen the times when you're not breathing properly. (webmd.com)
  • The air pressure is just enough to keep the upper airway tissues from collapsing during sleep. (webmd.com)
  • These devices may help keep the airway open during sleep. (webmd.com)
  • Your pediatrician or an ear, nose, and throat specialist can determine whether your child's tonsils are enlarged enough to possibly block the airway and cause sleep apnea. (webmd.com)
  • Level of obstruction in the upper airway (retropalatinal vs retrolingual vs both levels) as assessed by sleep endoscopy was not significantly different between the two groups. (springer.com)
  • Marin JM, Carrizo SJ, Vicente E, Agusti AG (2005) Long-term cardiovascular outcomes in men with obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea with or without treatment with continuous positive airway pressure: an observational study. (springer.com)
  • Jenkinson C, Davies RJ, Mullins R, Stradling JR (1999) Comparison of therapeutic and subtherapeutic nasal continuous positive airway pressure for obstructive sleep apnoea: a randomised prospective parallel trial. (springer.com)
  • Grunstein RR (1995) Nasal continuous positive airway pressure treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea. (springer.com)
  • Relationship between aldosterone and the metabolic syndrome in patients with obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome: effect of continuous positive airway pressure treatment. (springer.com)
  • Apparently, according to the paper work I have a diagnosis of upper airway resistance syndrome (23 arousals an hour). (medhelp.org)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is a common disorder in which the airway becomes blocked during sleep, causing shallow breathing or breathing pauses. (nih.gov)
  • The most common form of sleep apnea is from airway obstruction. (riverreporter.com)
  • For children with sleep apnea, most cases result from obstruction from enlarged tonsils or abnormal airway passages. (riverreporter.com)
  • The individual should avoid the use of alcohol, tobacco and sleeping pills, which make the airway more likely to collapse during sleep and make the apneic periods longer. (riverreporter.com)
  • 30). 5 For moderately affected patients (apnoea-hypopnoea index 15-30) who complain about snoring and daytime sleepiness, however, continuous positive airway pressure therapy may not be suitable and other effective interventions are needed. (bmj.com)
  • Solriamfetol is indicated for treatment of daytime sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea and narcolepsy, but is not a treatment for the underlying airway obstruction in apnea patients[FDA Label][A176534,A176744]. (drugbank.ca)
  • He coined the term obstructive sleep apnea syndrome to describe episodes during sleep when the upper airway collapses, reducing blood oxygen levels and disrupting sleep. (stanford.edu)
  • Positive airway pressure therapy may be considered for the treatment of primary central sleep apnea syndromes. (aafp.org)
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a condition that affects cartilage throughout the body, including along the airway, and this may predispose afflicted individuals to sleep-disordered breathing, fragmented sleep, and daytime sleepiness. (verywellhealth.com)
  • This condition occurs when the airway is blocked during sleep, causing breathing difficulty. (chp.edu)
  • Mild electrical stimulation to the hypoglossal nerve, located under the chin, helps lift a sleeping patient's tongue from the back of the throat, which can help to reopen the airway in some patients with OSA. (chp.edu)
  • Characterized by frequent episodes of upper airway obstruction resulting in hypoxia and sleep disruption, obstructive sleep apnea is present in over 2% of the population in developed countries. (frontiersin.org)
  • In obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), breathing stops because tissue in the throat closes off the airway. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when part of the airway is closed off (usually at the back of the throat) while a person is trying to inhale during sleep. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • OSA occurs during sleep because the neck muscles that keep the airway open are not as active then. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Five-year effects of nasal continuous positive airway pressure in obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Daytime arterial oxygen tension and pulmonary artery pressure remained stable in an unselected series of 65 obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome patients treated for 5 yrs with nasal continuous positive airway pressure, unlike arterial carbon dioxide tension, which increased by a small, but significant, amount. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Effect of zopiclone on sleep, night-time ventilation, and daytime vigilance in upper airway resistan. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Surgical procedures are routinely performed as an alternative to continuous positive airway pressure treatment in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). (bioportfolio.com)
  • Effects of continuous positive airway pressure on blood pressure in obstructive sleep apnea patients: The Apnea Positive Pressure Long-term Efficacy Study (APPLES). (bioportfolio.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is associated with hypertension, and short-term studies have demonstrated a modest reduction in blood pressure with continuous positive airway pressure therapy. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Predictors of long-term adherence to continuous positive airway pressure in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Telemedicine Improves Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Adherence in Stroke Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea in a Randomized Trial. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is very high in stroke patients, whereas the acceptance of positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy is low. (bioportfolio.com)
  • sup][1] SDB includes several different degrees of sleep disorders, primary snoring (PS), upper airway resistance syndrome, and obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The effect of short-time continuous positive airway pressure treatment on insulin sensitivity in patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome and type 2 diabetes. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Clinical features and evaluation of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome and upper airway resistance syndrome. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The use of atrial overdrive pacing proved ineffective in most cases of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome , while nasal continuous positive airway pressure showed strong efficacy, according to a comparison study by Greek researchers. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • OSA is the most common type of sleep apnea and is initiated by complete or partial obstructions of the upper airway. (omicsonline.org)
  • Continuous positive airway pressure for central sleep apnea and heart failure. (ahajournals.org)
  • Dr. Jatana and his team of investigators stress that patients should receive a repeat sleep study six-to-eight weeks postoperatively since an increase in central apneas can occur in some Prader-Willi children after upper airway surgical intervention. (healthcanal.com)
  • Hasan M. Inancli and Murat Enoz, " Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome and Upper Airway Inflammation", Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery (2010) 4: 54. (eurekaselect.com)
  • These medications, such as sedatives, narcotic analgesics and general anesthetics, relax your upper airway and may worsen your obstructive sleep apnea. (apom.com)
  • Apnea is the result of respiratory efforts caused by obstruction of the upper airway. (medicus.ca)
  • The airway pressure created by the device keeps the upper airway open during every stage of the sleep cycle, in order to control snoring and eliminate apnea. (medicus.ca)
  • Or "non-anatomical" ones like an ineffective pharyngeal dilator muscle function during sleep, airway narrowing during sleep, or unstable control of breathing (high loop gain). (wikipedia.org)
  • The aim of this study is to determine if treatment with Medical Air (21% oxygen in room air) compared to supplemental oxygen (100% oxygen) will lead to similar improvements in the central apnea-hypopnea index (CAHI) for infants with Prader-Willi Syndrome. (centerwatch.com)
  • We associated the apnea hypopnea index (AHI) of the supine position with the AHI of the other positions. (springer.com)
  • Association of aldosterone excess and apnea-hypopnea index in patients with resistant hypertension. (springer.com)
  • A level III portable diagnostic device was used to monitor sleep and patients were categorized into two groups depending on apnea-hypopnea index, with obstructed sleep apnea (OSA) defined as having an apnea-hypopnea index of 15 or more and non-OSA, defined as having an apnea-hypopnea index of less than 15. (healio.com)
  • The mean apnea-hypopnea index of the OSA group was 27.1 events per hour vs. 5.6 events per hour in the non-OSA group. (healio.com)
  • The group with SRBD showed higher CDI scores than the group without SRBD, with a positive correlation found between CDI scores, apnea-hypopnea index, and oxygen desaturation index values. (dovepress.com)
  • Logistic regression showed that an apnea-hypopnea index ≥ 3 and an oxygen desaturation index ≥ 1 could be risk factors for development of depressive symptoms. (dovepress.com)
  • He and Dement devised the apnea-hypopnea index, which is used to diagnose and rate the severity of the condition. (stanford.edu)
  • The overall quality of evidence for this recommendation is moderate, but with a large effect size and consistent findings for reducing the apnea-hypopnea index and improving left ventricular ejection fraction. (aafp.org)
  • 10) with the following results (mean ± SD): apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) 30.8 ± 23.1, desaturation index (HDI) 27 ± 16.9, CT90% 5.7 ± 7.8, mean length of nocturnal desaturation 25.7 ± 10.5 sec., average nocturnal SatO2 93.9 ± 1.6. (ersjournals.com)
  • 3 Third, similar findings have been reported recently in heart failure patients, in which sympathetic activation was detectable even when the apnea/hypopnea index was within the reference range. (ahajournals.org)
  • analysis of variance) higher reduction in apnea-hypopnea index (69.6%, 65.9%, respectively) than that (52.5%) of nonresponders (n = 45, fall 0 mmHg). (quintpub.com)
  • Severity of SAS was assessed by apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). (ahajournals.org)
  • Elucidating the effects of obstructive sleep apnea on cardiovascular outcomes in acute coronary syndrome is crucial in risk assessments and therapeutic recommendations for affected individualism," Ridhwan Y. Baba, MB BS , pulmonary and critical care fellow at the MetroHealth System in Cleveland, and colleagues wrote in the abstract. (healio.com)
  • Of the 21 eligible patients, 13 had adequate sleep data, including seven with non-STEMI, four with STEMI and two with unstable angina, according to the abstract. (healio.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is the most serious among children with sleep disordered breathing. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a very common, yet undiagnosed, breathing disorder that has many more implications besides disrupted sleep. (bioportfolio.com)
  • To investigate the relationship between tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) gene promoter polymorphism and obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Our results show that modafinil reduces daytime sleep duration, lengthens the duration of subjective daytime vigilance and improves long-term memory in patients with OSAHS without modifying night sleep and respiration events. (modafinil.com)
  • Objectives To investigate the detection rate of obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS) in hypertensive patients and the influence of obesity on it. (bmj.com)
  • OSAHS is defined as apnoea-hypopnoea index(AHI) not less than 5 per hour and accompanied with clinical symptoms. (bmj.com)
  • There is growing evidence linking obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) with multiple cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. (ad-astra.ro)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is a highly prevalent sleep disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of oxygen desaturation during sleep, decreased sleep quality, and excessive daytime sleepiness. (go.jp)
  • We focused on a simple index, entropy, which is derived from power spectrum of EEG signals throughout the night, and reflects the dynamics of EEG signals, and examined whether the entropy of EEG reflects the sleep quality of OSAHS. (go.jp)
  • The EEG entropy was compared with the sleep quality by traditional approaches of EEG from PSG in 58 OSAHS patients and 8 healthy volunteers. (go.jp)
  • We therefore propose that the EEG entropy could be useful for evaluating the sleep quality of OSAHS. (go.jp)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) may cause pulmonary diseases, and periostin plays an important role on the development of pulmonary diseases. (springer.com)
  • In general, the degree of daytime hypersomnolence is less than that observed with obstructive sleep apnea, and insomnia is more prominent. (medscape.com)
  • Like obstructive sleep apnea, central sleep apnea frequently presents with nighttime awakenings, nocturnal hypoxia, and excessive daytime sleepiness. (medscape.com)
  • Johansson P, Alehagen U, Svanborg E, Dahlstrom U, Brostrom A. Sleep disordered breathing in an elderly community-living population: Relationship to cardiac function, insomnia symptoms and daytime sleepiness. (medscape.com)
  • Another study involving children with ADHD found the children had less refreshing sleep, difficulty getting up, and more daytime sleepiness. (webmd.com)
  • Restless legs syndrome causes sleep disruption and daytime sleepiness. (webmd.com)
  • The researchers found no differences in cognitive skills between the two groups, but the children who underwent surgery showed improved sleep quality, behavioral regulation, and quality of life measures like being more active and experiencing less daytime sleepiness. (nih.gov)
  • Symptoms may be present for years without being recognized, during which time the sufferer becomes conditioned to the daytime sleepiness and fatigue associated with significant levels of sleep disturbance. (riverreporter.com)
  • Objective To assess the effects of didgeridoo playing on daytime sleepiness and other outcomes related to sleep by reducing collapsibility of the upper airways in patients with moderate obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome and snoring. (bmj.com)
  • Main outcome measure Daytime sleepiness (Epworth scale from 0 (no daytime sleepiness) to 24), sleep quality (Pittsburgh quality of sleep index from 0 (excellent sleep quality) to 21), partner rating of sleep disturbance (visual analogue scale from 0 (not disturbed) to 10), apnoea-hypopnoea index, and health related quality of life (SF-36). (bmj.com)
  • It cause excessive fatigue, sleepiness and results in long term cardiac, neurological and respiratory problems, further causing systemic effects in metabolism and blood molecular disorders.The presentation comprises detection and diagnosis of obstructive sleep apnoea, highlighting the diagnostic methods and recent developments from personal practice and worldwide aspects. (omicsonline.org)
  • Sleep apnea is a major, though often unrecognized, cause of daytime sleepiness. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Because the disorder disrupts normal sleep, those affected may experience sleepiness or feel tired during the day. (wikipedia.org)
  • People with sleep apnea have problems with excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) and impaired alertness. (wikipedia.org)
  • Background and Significance: Meta-analyses of TBI studies found prevalence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was 12 times higher than community-based studies. (centerwatch.com)
  • Javaheri S, Smith J, Chung E. The prevalence and natural history of complex sleep apnea. (medscape.com)
  • Bixler EO, Vgontzas AN, Ten Have T, Tyson K, Kales A. Effects of age on sleep apnea in men: I. Prevalence and severity. (medscape.com)
  • The prevalence of obesity is increasing rapidly worldwide and is especially common among patients with obstructive sleep apnea, resistant hypertension, and metabolic syndrome, suggesting probable mechanistic links between these three conditions. (springer.com)
  • High prevalence of unrecognized sleep apnoea in drug-resistant hypertension. (springer.com)
  • High prevalence of sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) has been reported in patients with diabetes. (hindawi.com)
  • While recent evidence indicates that the prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is 30-40 fold higher in PCOS than in weight-matched control women, the possible role of SDB in causing the increased metabolic and cardiovascular risks of PCOS has not been evaluated. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • In 2008, Punjabi estimated the prevalence of Sleep Apnea Syndrome (SAS) is in the range of 3% to 7%, with certain components of the population at higher risk. (hearinghealthmatters.org)
  • Learn about the symptoms, subtypes, prevalence, and link between Ehlers-Danlos and sleep apnea, and whether treatment may help. (verywellhealth.com)
  • The prevalence and mechanisms of diurnal hypercapnia in subjects with sleep apnea syndrome are not well known, particularly in the morbidly obese. (eurekamag.com)
  • Prevalence of glaucoma in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea - a crosssectional case-series. (prolekare.cz)
  • 23. Lopez, P.P., Stefan, B., Schulman, C.I.: Prevalence of sleep apnea in morbidity obese patients who presented for weight loss surgery evaluation: more evidence for rutine screening for obstructive sleep apnea before weight loss surgery. (prolekare.cz)
  • Review of sleep disorders. (medscape.com)
  • Nocturnal Arrhythmias across a spectrum of obstructive and central sleep-disordered breathing in older men: outcomes of sleep disorders in older men (MrOS sleep) study. (medscape.com)
  • sleep disorders[majr] NOT (sleep apnea syndromes[majr] OR rest. (nih.gov)
  • Association between sleep disorders and subsequent chronic spontaneous urticaria development: A population-based cohort study. (nih.gov)
  • Sleep Management Among Patients with Substance Use Disorders. (nih.gov)
  • A large body of literature demonstrates a strong association between obesity, hyperaldosteronism, resistant hypertension, and sleep apnea, including specific benefit of treatment with mineralocorticoid receptor blockers for these separate disorders. (springer.com)
  • ANA has consulted professionals about sleep apnea and other breathing disorders in order to understand the customer needs. (ana.co.jp)
  • In an unselected population of state employees, sleep related breathing disorders were a risk factor for hypertension, which was independent of age, body mass index, and sex. (bmj.com)
  • 6 However, because the population was a sample of the general population rather than of patients with suspected sleep disorders, less than 4% of that population had moderate or severe sleep apnoea. (bmj.com)
  • These patients generally present with more severe forms of sleep related breathing disorders and more confounding variables than the general population, and therefore may be expected to show a different relation between apnoeic events and blood pressure. (bmj.com)
  • We investigated these relations in a large population of patients with sleep disorders attending a clinic. (bmj.com)
  • To receive news and publication updates for Sleep Disorders, enter your email address in the box below. (hindawi.com)
  • Snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome are two highly prevalent sleep disorders caused by collapse of the upper airways. (bmj.com)
  • The relationship between sleep and mood regulation is well known, and some reports suggest a key role of sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD) in the development of the symptomatology of depression, even if no conclusive data are actually found in the clinical literature. (dovepress.com)
  • Christian Guilleminault, a prolific researcher who helped build Stanford's sleep disorders clinic into an influential, full-service sleep center, died July 9 of cancer. (stanford.edu)
  • We worked to make sleep-disorders medicine a legitimate clinical specialty, presented courses for practicing physicians, established reimbursement for sleep testing, and worked hard to bring narcolepsy and sleep apnea to the forefront of sleep medicine practice," Dement said. (stanford.edu)
  • Guilleminault also recorded the condition in children, finding a correlation between sleep apnea and learning and attention disorders. (stanford.edu)
  • Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS), or Ehlers-Danlos disorder, is a group of disorders that affect the connective tissues that support the skin, bones, blood vessels, and many other tissues and organs. (verywellhealth.com)
  • In part 3, I continue my discussion on sleep with a special focus on four specific sleep-related disorders that are frequently found in people with CFS/FM. (vitality101.com)
  • Robert S. Rosenberg, DO, FCCP, is the medical director of the Sleep Disorders Center of Prescott Valley, Arizona and sleep medicine consultant for Mountain Heart Health Services in Flagstaff, Arizona. (sleepassociation.org)
  • The need to sleep long hours since childhood could be due to any number of sleep disorders, as well as the fact that some of us are long sleepers. (sleepassociation.org)
  • Most primary sleep disorders are not associated with weight loss. (sleepassociation.org)
  • Sleep-disordered breathing is very common and is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, cardiac arrhythmia and stroke. (nih.gov)
  • The objective of this review is to provide a broad perspective of the pathophysiological and clinical aspects of the two types of apnea and to discuss their cardiovascular adverse effects. (nih.gov)
  • Although the exact mechanism linking sleep apnea with cardiovascular disease is unknown, there is evidence that obstructive apnea is associated with a group of proinflammatory and prothrombic factors that are also important in the development of atherosclerosis. (nih.gov)
  • More studies are needed to understand the mechanisms underlying the relationship between sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease, but clinicians should be aware of this link and should attempt to identify patients with these syndromes. (nih.gov)
  • PCOS presents a unique opportunity to dissect the relationship between metabolic and cardiovascular risk and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in a population where intrinsic effects of aging have not yet developed. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Following a detailed baseline evaluation of sleep, hormonal, metabolic and cardiovascular parameters, women with PCOS will be randomized to an 8-week treatment phase with pioglitazone or depot leuprolide plus estrogen/progestin replacement or placebo. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Specific Aim 2: to test the hypothesis that sleep disturbances cause the hormonal, metabolic and cardiovascular alterations seen in women with PCOS. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Specific Aim 3: to test the hypothesis that in normal young women, experimental manipulation of sleep that recapitulates the sleep disturbances characteristic of women with PCOS will result in metabolic, hormonal, and cardiovascular alterations that are typical of the metabolic syndrome. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSA) is associated with cardiovascular morbidity in adults and children. (nature.com)
  • Background: Obesity and sleep apnea syndrome lead to metabolic troubles and increasing cardiovascular risk. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Before and after the control period, and both immediately and 9 month after training, patients perform walking test, maximal incremental test on cycloergometer, blood sampling and cardiovascular function, body composition, muscle function, quality of sleep and quality of life assessments as well as spontaneous physical activity measurement. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Using diverse models of sleep apnea, in animals and humans, researchers have made significant progress in understanding the mechanisms underlying cardiovascular, neurologic and endocrinologic morbidities of obstructive sleep apnea, while pharmacologic therapies for obstructive sleep apnea remain elusive. (frontiersin.org)
  • 8. Bradley, T.G., Floras, J.S.: Obstructive sleep apnoea and its cardiovascular consequences. (prolekare.cz)
  • Sudden drops in blood oxygen levels that occur during obstructive sleep apnea increase blood pressure and strain the cardiovascular system. (apom.com)
  • McNicholas WT, Bonsignore MR (2007) Sleep apnoea as an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease: current evidence, basic mechanisms and research priorities. (springer.com)
  • Vogt B, Bochud M, Burnier M. The association of aldosterone with obesity-related hypertension and the metabolic syndrome. (springer.com)
  • 1991) The Sleep Apnea Syndrome in Obesity: Risk of Sudden Death. (scirp.org)
  • Yu M: Relationship between obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome and obesity in children. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • There have been some suggestions that RLS is linked to Sleep Apnea or caused by Sleep Apnea but for the most part they think it's linked due to sugar inbalance and obesity. (cpaptalk.com)
  • Response to Sympathetic Activity, Heart Failure, Obesity, and Metabolic Syndrome: Is There Any Role for Sleep Apnea? (ahajournals.org)
  • Drager LF, Krieger EM, Lorenzi-Filho G. Sympathetic activity, heart failure, obesity, and metabolic syndrome: is there any role for obstructive sleep apnea? (ahajournals.org)
  • Grassi G, Seravalle G, Quarti Trevano F, Scopelliti F, Dell'Oro R, Bolla G, Mancia G. Excessive sympathetic activation in heart failure with obesity and metabolic syndrome: characteristics and mechanisms. (ahajournals.org)
  • We studied a group of 24 subjects with sleep apnea syndrome and morbid obesity defined as a body mass index greater than 40 kg/m2 and free of chronic respiratory disease. (eurekamag.com)
  • These findings suggest that ventilatory restriction plays an important role in the development of diurnal alveolar hypoventilation in subjects with sleep apnea syndrome and morbid obesity. (eurekamag.com)
  • OSA is a common sleep disorder affecting 936 million-1 billion people globally, or roughly every 1 in 10 people, and up to 30% of the elderly Sleep apnea is somewhat more common in men than women, roughly a 2:1 ratio of men to women, with 50% of women age 20-70, and in general more people are likely to have it with older age and obesity. (wikipedia.org)
  • People with sleep apnea have brief episodes when they stop breathing , though they don't know it. (webmd.com)
  • For the affected person, episodes of not breathing (apnea) are usually noticed by family and bed partners and may occur five to more than 50 times an hour. (riverreporter.com)
  • These episodes, called apneas (literally, "without breath"), each last long enough so one or more breaths are missed, and occur repeatedly throughout sleep. (valorebooks.com)
  • Sleep apnea is recognised as a problem by others witnessing the individual during episodes, or is suspected because of its effects on the body (sequelae). (valorebooks.com)
  • Sleep apnea- hypopnea syndrome (OSA) is characterized by the presence of repeated episodes of hypoxemia. (ersjournals.com)
  • A person with sleep apnea, however, has frequent episodes (up to 400-500 per night) in which he or she stops breathing. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It is categorized by repetitive episodes of shallow or paused breathing during sleep, despite the effort to breathe, and is usually associated with a reduction in blood oxygen saturation. (omicsonline.org)
  • For a diagnosis of sleep apnea, more than five episodes per hour must occur. (wikipedia.org)
  • Apnea, hypoxia, CO2 retention and arousals provoke elevated sympathetic activity, increased afterload and elevated left ventricular transmural pressure, and promote the progression of heart failure. (nih.gov)
  • Thirteen patients met the study criteria and were categorized based on severe, moderate or mild apnea/hypopnea indexes and obstructive hypoxia. (healthcanal.com)
  • Dean RT, Wilcox I (1993) Possible atherogenic effects of hypoxia during obstructive sleep apnea. (springer.com)
  • Many studies have shown that patients with obstructive apnea have an increased incidence of daytime hypertension, and this syndrome is recognized as an independent risk factor for hypertension. (nih.gov)
  • Obstructive apnea is associated with myocardial ischemia (silent or symptomatic), acute coronary events, stroke and transient ischemic attacks, cardiac arrhythmia, pulmonary hypertension and heart failure. (nih.gov)
  • Peppard PE, Young T, Palta M, Skatrud J (2000) Prospective study of the association between sleep-disordered breathing and hypertension. (springer.com)
  • Aldosterone excess plays an important role in the association between resistant hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea. (springer.com)
  • Mineralocorticoid receptor blockers reduce the severity of obstructive sleep apnea among resistant hypertension patients. (springer.com)
  • Resistant hypertension, obstructive sleep apnoea and aldosterone. (springer.com)
  • Spironolactone reduces severity of obstructive sleep apnoea in patients with resistant hypertension: a preliminary report. (springer.com)
  • Relationship between primary aldosteronism and obstructive sleep apnoea, metabolic abnormalities and cardiac structure in patients with resistant hypertension. (springer.com)
  • To assess whether sleep apnoea syndrome is an independent risk factor for hypertension. (bmj.com)
  • Blood pressure and number of patients with hypertension increased linearly with severity of sleep apnoea, as shown by the apnoea-hypopnoea index. (bmj.com)
  • Sleep apnoea syndrome is profoundly associated with hypertension independent of all relevant risk factors. (bmj.com)
  • The strong association between obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome and hypertension has attracted considerable attention in recent years. (bmj.com)
  • Sleep apnea (SA) is an independent risk factor for arterial hypertension and is present in 50% to 70% of patients with ischemic stroke. (breathing.com)
  • Association of hypertension and sleep - disorder breathing. (prolekare.cz)
  • Sleep apnoea and systemic hypertension. (prolekare.cz)
  • Many people with obstructive sleep apnea develop high blood pressure (hypertension), which can increase the risk of heart disease. (apom.com)
  • In the course of diagnostic procedures the diagnosis of sleep apnea syndrome was established. (breathing.com)
  • The polysomnograms of 120 patients with sleep apnea syndrome were analyzed. (springer.com)
  • Fujioka, T. and Yamane, H. (2014) The Treatment Strategy of Patients with Sleep Apnea Syndrome in Our Department and Subsequent Course. (scirp.org)
  • Because a relationship between obstructive sleep apnea, insulin resistance and elevated testosterone levels has also been observed in men and in women without PCOS, insights gained from studies in PCOS will have broad implications. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Shen L, Lin Z, Xu Y and Yang Z: The relationship between obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome and adenoid size as well as tonsil size in children. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • He L, Li S, Shi H and Feng Y: The clinical investigation of the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome and insulin resistance. (spandidos-publications.com)
  • The patient wears a mask over the nose during sleep, and continuous pressure from a blower forces air through the nasal passages to prevent the throat from collapsing. (riverreporter.com)
  • Subject to exclusion criteria, the study is accepting individuals of both genders, ages 10 to 21 years, who have Down syndrome and for whom certain other treatments for OSA, including adenotonsillectomy have not worked. (chp.edu)
  • Pediatric restless legs syndrome diagnostic criteria: an update by the International Restless Legs Syndrome Study Group. (medscape.com)
  • Is restless legs syndrome related to ADHD? (webmd.com)
  • Studies show some link between sleep disruption and ADHD and restless legs syndrome (RLS) and ADHD. (webmd.com)
  • With restless legs syndrome, there is a creeping, crawling sensation in the legs and sometimes in the arms. (webmd.com)
  • People with restless legs syndrome and related sleep disruption may feel inattentive, moody, and/or hyperactive -- which can all be symptoms of ADHD . (webmd.com)
  • Some researchers believe that people with restless legs syndrome and some people with ADHD may have a common problem related to the brain chemical dopamine . (webmd.com)
  • However, not everyone with ADHD has restless legs syndrome. (webmd.com)
  • Children with sleep apnea syndrome who have their tonsils and adenoids removed sleep better, are less restless and impulsive, and report a generally better quality of life, finds a new study funded by the National Institutes of Health. (nih.gov)
  • Does anyone out there have restless legs and sleep apnea? (cpaptalk.com)
  • My dr. kept telling me to go for a sleep study, but I refused thinking I only have restless legs. (cpaptalk.com)
  • I had PLM (periodic limb movement) which is related or a variant of restless leg syndrome. (cpaptalk.com)
  • Hi Lorri214, As luck would have it (or not in my case) I do suffer from Obstructive and Central Sleep Apnea as well as Restless Legs Syndrome. (cpaptalk.com)
  • In the paper by Boentert et al 1 the authors report an increased incidence of obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA), restless leg syndrome (RLS) and periodic limb movements in sleep (PLMS) in a study of 61 patients with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 1 (CMT1) (mostly CMT1A) compared to a control group of insomnic patients. (bmj.com)
  • This can cause snoring and poor sleep. (webmd.com)
  • Not every child with enlarged tonsils or with loud snoring has sleep apnea. (webmd.com)
  • Schmidt-Nowara W, Lowe A, Wiegand L, Cartwright R, Perez-Guerra F, Menn S (1995) Oral appliances for the treatment of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea: a review. (springer.com)
  • 18 years with an apnoea-hypopnoea index between 15 and 30 and who complained about snoring. (bmj.com)
  • 18 years with self reported snoring and an apnoea-hypopnoea index of 15-30 (determined by a specialist in sleep medicine within the past year). (bmj.com)
  • Learned nasal snoring solutions to sleep alone since no one erroneous assertions of this article, you only a small at first. (amazonaws.com)
  • He was also a prolific researcher who co-authored more than 800 journal articles on narcolepsy, sleep apnea, sudden infant death syndrome, snoring and other mostly sleep-related topics. (stanford.edu)
  • Snoring is the most common sign of sleep apnea, a potentially fatal sleep disorder that affects approximately twelve million Americans, according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH). (helsinki.fi)
  • Snoring and Sleep Apnea is for people who haveor suspect that they havesleep apnea. (helsinki.fi)
  • [ 18 ] Sleep-disordered breathing is associated with nocturnal cardiac arrhythmias. (medscape.com)
  • Nocturnal and daytime sympathetic activity is elevated after sleep apnea. (nih.gov)
  • The patient was referred to our center for evaluation of nocturnal apnea. (aappublications.org)
  • We hypothesized that exercise training could be complementary to nocturnal ventilatory treatment in restoring metabolic disturbances, exercise tolerance and sleep parameters in obese patients with SAS. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • We test the hypothesis that periodic nocturnal apneic events augment those hemodynamic responses in patients both with central and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (SAS). (ahajournals.org)
  • The degree of BP fluctuation associated with periodic nocturnal apnea-hypopnea was assessed by spectral analysis of mean BP variability. (ahajournals.org)
  • Vici syndrome is a rare congenital multisystem disorder due to recessive mutations in the key autophagy regulator EPG5 . (aappublications.org)
  • It causes sleep disorder, waking the patient during night and resulting in excessive daytime somnolence. (hindawi.com)
  • Sleep apnea or sleep apnoea is a sleep disorder characterised by pauses in breathing during sleep. (valorebooks.com)
  • A stimulant used to improve wakefulness in patients with sleep apnea, narcolepsy, or shift work disorder. (drugbank.ca)
  • Floppy eyelid syndrome (FES) is a relatively rare condition of unknown aetiology, commonly described in association with other systemic conditions, particularly with obstructive sleep apnoea - OSA (the most frequent and most significant sleep-related breathing disorder in terms of morbidity and mortality). (prolekare.cz)
  • In addition, D+ET improves sleep disorder in MetSyn+OSA. (ahajournals.org)
  • Sleep apnea, also spelled sleep apnoea, is a sleep disorder in which pauses in breathing or periods of shallow breathing during sleep occur more often than normal. (wikipedia.org)
  • A Sleep disorder specialist (SDS) is a Registered Respiratory Therapist (RRT-SDS) that has successfully passed the certification examination NBRC-SDS. (wikipedia.org)
  • Multiple regression analysis of blood pressure levels of all patients not taking antihypertensives showed that apnoea was a significant predictor of both systolic and diastolic blood pressure after adjustment for age, body mass index, and sex. (bmj.com)
  • In one person, the apnoea-hypopnoea index decreased from 17 to 2. (bmj.com)
  • This study included 102 patients diagnosed with floppy eyelid syndrome and 102 controls recruited from a diabetic retinopathy clinic and matched 1:1 on age, gender, and body mass index. (aao.org)
  • Participants were recruited and studied at sleep unit of our institution (Hospital Universitari Son Dureta, Palma de Mallorca, Spain) and were matched for sex, age and body mass index (BMI). (biomedsearch.com)
  • In a multiple regression model, after adjustment for age, sex, BMI and the presence of MS, FFAs were significantly associated with apnoea/hypopnoea index (p=0.04). (biomedsearch.com)
  • Age, body mass index, waist/hip ratio, apnea index, ratio of maximum forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) to vital capacity and expiratory reserve volume were not significantly different between hypercapnic and normocapnic subjects. (eurekamag.com)
  • Alternatively, it can be diagnosed by PSG evidence of 15 or more obstructive apneas or hypopneas per hour of sleep, regardless of other symptoms. (medscape.com)
  • They may have problems concentrating and might have other symptoms related to lack of sleep. (webmd.com)
  • In many cases these symptoms are significant enough that the partner sleeps in another room. (cda-adc.ca)
  • Other complaints include a feeling of not being rested despite a full night of sleep, dry mouth, morning headaches, absence of dreams, fatigue, decreased libido and symptoms of depression. (cda-adc.ca)
  • The symptoms associated with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome vary depending on the underlying cause and subtype. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Some use the terms obtrusive sleep apnea syndrome or obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome to refer to OSA which is associated with symptoms during the daytime. (omicsonline.org)
  • Persons who generally sleep alone are often unaware of the condition, without a regular bed-partner to notice and make them aware of their symptoms. (omicsonline.org)
  • Before you have surgery, tell your doctor if you have obstructive sleep apnea or symptoms related to obstructive sleep apnea. (apom.com)
  • If you have obstructive sleep apnea symptoms, your doctor may test you for obstructive sleep apnea prior to surgery. (apom.com)
  • Finally, because there are many factors that could lead to some of the effects previously listed, some people are not aware that they have sleep apnea and are either misdiagnosed or ignore the symptoms altogether. (wikipedia.org)
  • As with adults, children with sleep apnea will be tired during the day. (webmd.com)
  • Central sleep apnea in stable methadone maintenance treatment patients. (medscape.com)
  • This is the first rigorous, controlled evaluation of a commonly performed treatment for childhood sleep apnea, in terms of looking at functional outcomes," said Susan Shurin, M.D., a pediatrician and deputy director of the NIH's National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). (nih.gov)
  • Beneficial effects were observed even among overweight children, in whom there has been particular uncertainty about the role of surgery for sleep apnea treatment. (nih.gov)
  • Conclusion Regular didgeridoo playing is an effective treatment alternative well accepted by patients with moderate obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome. (bmj.com)
  • Because the jaws and related structures influence the development of this syndrome, dentists play an important role in both identifying patients who should be assessed by sleep specialists and instituting treatment in selected cases. (cda-adc.ca)
  • A conclusion is made on the cost effectiveness and impact on road safety of treatment of sleep apnoea syndrome. (omicsonline.org)
  • This practice parameter reviews available data on the treatment of central sleep apnea syndromes in adults. (aafp.org)
  • Acetazolamide has limited supporting evidence, but may be considered for the treatment of primary central sleep apnea syndromes. (aafp.org)
  • The use of zolpidem (Ambien) and triazolam (Halcion) may be considered for the treatment of primary central sleep apnea syndromes only if the patient does not have underlying risk factors for respiratory depression. (aafp.org)
  • If central sleep apnea syndromes caused by CHF are not controlled, other treatment options should be considered. (aafp.org)
  • American Sleep Association ® ASA does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. (sleepassociation.org)
  • The aim of this study is to report this syndrome, which is often overlooked in eye clinics, and to summarize our experience with its diagnosis and treatment. (prolekare.cz)
  • Long-term outcomes of surgical approaches to the treatment of floppy eyelid syndrome. (prolekare.cz)
  • To evaluate the efficacy of adenotonsillectomy in the treatment of sleep apnea in Prader-Willi syndrome, investigators at Nationwide Children's performed a retrospective chart review. (healthcanal.com)
  • Prader-Willi Syndrome is treated at Nationwide Children's by a multidisciplinary team which emphasizes early intervention and a proactive approach to assessment of and treatment for the possible complications that can be associated with PWS. (healthcanal.com)
  • Generally, the person with sleep apnea does not wake-up after an episode. (riverreporter.com)
  • The sleep apnea/hypopnea syndrome is characterised by the repeated occurrence of involuntary pauses in breathing during a night's sleep. (actapress.com)
  • Depending on the extent of these pauses, they are classified as apneas or hypopneas. (actapress.com)
  • Flemons WW (2002) Clinical practice.Obstructive sleep apnea. (springer.com)
  • Impact of obstructive sleep apnea on clinical outcomes in acute coronary syndrome. (healio.com)
  • Clinical Practice Guideline: Diagnosis and management of childhood obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. (bcbst.com)
  • Qaseem A, Holty JC, Owens DK, Dallas P, Starkey M, Shekelle P (2013) Management of obstructive sleep apnea in adults: a clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians. (springer.com)
  • Is Floppy Eyelid Syndrome More Prevalent in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Patients? (hindawi.com)
  • Redline added that these results should not be applied to children with the most severe sleep apnea syndrome or very young children, who were not included in this study. (nih.gov)
  • There is evidence that the risk of diabetes among those with moderate or severe sleep apnea is higher. (wikipedia.org)
  • Malhotra A, Bertisch S, Wellman A. Complex sleep apnea: it isn''t really a disease. (medscape.com)
  • In contrast to obstructive sleep apnea, no physical findings predict the presence or absence of central sleep apnea. (medscape.com)
  • We discuss the polysomnographic findings in our patient in the context of a brief literature review of the reported sleep abnormalities in Vici syndrome. (aappublications.org)
  • Patients admitted to the hospital for acute coronary syndrome were likely to have obstructive sleep apnea, according to preliminary findings presented at SLEEP 2018, the Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies. (healio.com)
  • Our findings suggest that malocclusion may play an important role in the development of sleep apnea/hypopnea. (go.jp)
  • Findings showed that 89 percent of the patients with mild-to-moderate obstructive sleep apnea or obstructive hypoventilation normalized after receiving adenotonsillectomy. (healthcanal.com)
  • These findings suggest that adenotonsillectomy is effective in most children with Prader-Willi syndrome who demonstrate mild to moderate obstructive sleep apnea, but may not be curative in children with severe forms of the condition," said Dr. Jatana, also a faculty member at The Ohio State University College of Medicine. (healthcanal.com)
  • Objective: To determine the effects of angiotensin-II, type-I receptor (AT1R) blockade on the relationship between ventilatory control and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) following a night of hypoxic sleep in healthy humans. (centerwatch.com)
  • Guilleminault C, Akhtar F. Pediatric sleep-disordered breathing: New evidence on its development. (medscape.com)
  • The presence of insomnia may actually put these patients at increased risk of central apneas because a greater number of sleep-wake transitions provide more opportunities for an unstable breathing pattern. (medscape.com)
  • Chronic opioid use is a risk factor for the development of central sleep apnea and ataxic breathing. (medscape.com)
  • OSA is a medical condition that causes you to have trouble breathing while you sleep. (massgeneral.org)
  • Doctors check your breathing while you sleep. (massgeneral.org)
  • Central sleep apnea with Cheyne-Stokes respiration is a form of periodic breathing with frequent periods of hyperventilation, and carries a poor prognosis in patients with heart failure. (nih.gov)
  • When PaCO2 falls below the threshold required to stimulate breathing, the central drive to respiratory muscles and air inflow ceases and central apnea ensues. (nih.gov)
  • When you have this condition, your breath can become very shallow or you may even stop breathing -- briefly -- while you sleep . (webmd.com)
  • The study will track how many times your breathing was impaired during sleep. (webmd.com)
  • Young T, Palta M, Dempsey J, Skatrud J, Badr S (1993) The occurrence of sleep-disordered breathing among middle-aged adults. (springer.com)
  • they were also evaluated by caregivers and teachers on behavior and quality of life, and they had sleep studies to assess their breathing and sleep parameters. (nih.gov)
  • Breathing is interrupted by the lack of effort in Central Sleep Apnea, but from a physical block to airflow despite effort in Obstructive Sleep Apnea. (valorebooks.com)
  • Regardless of type, the individual affected with sleep apnea is rarely (if ever) aware of having difficulty breathing, even upon awakening. (valorebooks.com)
  • Sleep disordered breathing is a common chronic condition in the general population world wide. (hearinghealthmatters.org)
  • Central sleep apnea syndromes are characterized by sleep-disordered breathing associated with absent or diminished respiratory effort. (aafp.org)
  • Kayukawa, Y. (2002) Etiology of Sleep Disordered Breathing. (scirp.org)
  • 1993) The Occurrence of Sleep-Disordered Breathing among Middle-Aged Adults. (scirp.org)
  • Sleep apnea is a condition in which breathing stops for more than ten seconds during sleep. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This interruption of breathing is called 'apnea. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In central sleep apnea, (CSA), the brain centers responsible for breathing fail to send messages to the breathing muscles. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The weight gain that accompanies pregnancy can affect a woman's breathing patterns during sleep, particularly during the third trimester. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • sleep related breathing disturbances in patients with the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome living at low altitude during a sojourn at moderate altitude. (bioportfolio.com)
  • By following the breathing exercises included in our Sleep program you'll be well on your way to a stronger diaphragm - and much better oxygen intake. (breathing.com)
  • Patients with Prader-Willi syndrome are at risk for sleep disordered breathing as growth hormone commonly used to treat their condition can cause the tonsils and adenoids to enlarge," said the study's lead author Kris Jatana, MD, FAAP , with Otolaryngology Head & Neck Surgery at Nationwide Children's. (healthcanal.com)
  • If you have obstructive sleep apnea, you may experience worse breathing problems after major surgery, especially after being sedated and lying on your back. (apom.com)
  • Young T, Peppard PE, Taheri S (2005) Excess weight and sleep-disordered breathing. (springer.com)
  • Sleep apnea may be either obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), in which breathing is interrupted by a blockage of air flow, central sleep apnea (CSA), in which regular unconscious breath simply stops, or a combination of the two. (wikipedia.org)
  • In central sleep apnea (CSA), the basic neurological controls for breathing rate malfunction and fail to give the signal to inhale, causing the individual to miss one or more cycles of breathing. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intervention Diagnostic multichannel sleep study and HPO. (bmj.com)
  • Many adults who are overweight have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) which disrupts sleep and makes it difficult to breath during the night. (centerwatch.com)
  • This condition is called sleep apnea syndrome (SAS), and it can occur in both children and adults. (riverreporter.com)
  • 2677 adults, aged 20-85 years, referred to the sleep clinic with suspected sleep apnoea syndrome. (bmj.com)
  • Through this trial, researchers will study use of the Inspire® implanted nerve stimulation system in adolescents and young adults with Down syndrome and moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). (chp.edu)
  • In fact, we estimate that up to 50 or 60% of children and adults with Down syndrome have sleep apnea. (sleepassociation.org)
  • Relation between CT axial cross-sectional area of the oropharynx and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in adults. (ajnr.org)
  • Apnoea was defined as a cessation in airflow of at least 10 seconds, and hypopnoea was defined as a decrease in the amplitude of the respiratory signal of at least 50% for a minimum of 10 seconds followed by either a decrease in oxygen saturation of 4% or signs of physiological arousal. (bmj.com)
  • If you're like most people, you know that one of the biggest dangers of untreated sleep apnea is a reduction in the body's intake of oxygen. (breathing.com)
  • Air, therefore, stops circulating and the reduction of oxygen intake produces apnea. (medicus.ca)
  • Dyugovskaya L, Lavie P, Lavie L (2002) Increased adhesion molecules expression and production of reactive oxygen species in leukocytes of sleep apnea patients. (springer.com)
  • This review will summarize recent developments in the research on the mineralocorticoid receptor and its impact on obstructive sleep apnea and metabolic syndrome. (springer.com)
  • Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists and the metabolic syndrome. (springer.com)
  • What is the role of the adipocyte mineralocorticoid receptor in the metabolic syndrome? (springer.com)
  • Women with PCOS suffer at an early stage of adulthood from all of the components of the metabolic syndrome, a syndrome that typically has its peak in mid-life in other subject populations. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The overall objective of the proposed study is to analyze the direction of causality between sleep disturbances and markers of the metabolic syndrome in PCOS. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affects 5-10% of women and may be viewed as the combination of hyperandrogenism with the classical features of the metabolic syndrome in young women. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Free fatty acids and the metabolic syndrome in patients with obstructive sleep apnoea. (biomedsearch.com)
  • We appreciate the interest expressed by Drager et al 1 for our recent article on the sympathoexcitatory effects of metabolic syndrome (MS) in heart failure patients. (ahajournals.org)
  • In their letter, Drager et al 1 underline the importance of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as a crucial variable to be taken into account when dealing with MS. They also suggest that a large part of the sympathetic overdrive that we observed depends on OSA-related mechanisms rather than on the clustering of metabolic, as well as blood pressure, abnormalities characterizing this condition. (ahajournals.org)
  • Metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) cause sympathetic hyperactivation and chemoreflex hypersensitivity. (ahajournals.org)
  • This issue of eMedRef provides information to clinicians on the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and therapeutics of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome. (umsystem.edu)
  • Lumeng JC, Chervin RD. Epidemiology of pediatric obstructive sleep apnea. (medscape.com)
  • 2 The AAP selected a subcommittee composed of pediatricians and other experts in the fields of sleep medicine, pulmonology, and otolaryngology, as well as experts from epidemiology and pediatric practice to develop an evidence base of literature on this topic. (aappublications.org)
  • Impact of untreated sleep apnea on prognosis of patients with congestive heart failure. (medscape.com)

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