A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
A stage of sleep characterized by rapid movements of the eye and low voltage fast pattern EEG. It is usually associated with dreaming.
Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)
Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
Disorders characterized by impairment of the ability to initiate or maintain sleep. This may occur as a primary disorder or in association with another medical or psychiatric condition.
Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.
A state in which there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
The measurement and recording of MOTOR ACTIVITY to assess rest/activity cycles.
Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration.
The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.
Disorders characterized by hypersomnolence during normal waking hours that may impair cognitive functioning. Subtypes include primary hypersomnia disorders (e.g., IDIOPATHIC HYPERSOMNOLENCE; NARCOLEPSY; and KLEINE-LEVIN SYNDROME) and secondary hypersomnia disorders where excessive somnolence can be attributed to a known cause (e.g., drug affect, MENTAL DISORDERS, and SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME). (From J Neurol Sci 1998 Jan 8;153(2):192-202; Thorpy, Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 2nd ed, p320)
A sleep disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth and forceful lateral or protrusive jaw movements. Sleep bruxism may be associated with TOOTH INJURIES; TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS; sleep disturbances; and other conditions.
Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
Recording of the average amplitude of the resting potential arising between the cornea and the retina in light and dark adaptation as the eyes turn a standard distance to the right and the left. The increase in potential with light adaptation is used to evaluate the condition of the retinal pigment epithelium.
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of SLEEP WAKE DISORDERS and their causes.
Sleep disorders characterized by impaired arousal from the deeper stages of sleep (generally stage III or IV sleep).
Rough, noisy breathing during sleep, due to vibration of the uvula and soft palate.
A condition characterized by recurrent episodes of daytime somnolence and lapses in consciousness (microsomnias) that may be associated with automatic behaviors and AMNESIA. CATAPLEXY; SLEEP PARALYSIS, and hypnagogic HALLUCINATIONS frequently accompany narcolepsy. The pathophysiology of this disorder includes sleep-onset rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, which normally follows stage III or IV sleep. (From Neurology 1998 Feb;50(2 Suppl 1):S2-S7)
Brain waves seen on EEG characterized by a high amplitude and a frequency of 4 Hz and below. They are considered the "deep sleep waves" observed during sleep in dreamless states, infancy, and in some brain disorders.
A common condition characterized by transient partial or total paralysis of skeletal muscles and areflexia that occurs upon awakening from sleep or less often while falling asleep. Stimuli such as touch or sound may terminate the episode, which usually has a duration of seconds to minutes. This condition may occur in normal subjects or be associated with NARCOLEPSY; CATAPLEXY; and hypnagogic HALLUCINATIONS. The pathophysiology of this condition is closely related to the normal hypotonia that occur during REM sleep. (From Adv Neurol 1995;67:245-271)
A series of thoughts, images, or emotions occurring during sleep which are dissociated from the usual stream of consciousness of the waking state.
A disorder characterized by episodes of vigorous and often violent motor activity during REM sleep (SLEEP, REM). The affected individual may inflict self injury or harm others, and is difficult to awaken from this condition. Episodes are usually followed by a vivid recollection of a dream that is consistent with the aggressive behavior. This condition primarily affects adult males. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p393)
Excessive periodic leg movements during sleep that cause micro-arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. This condition induces a state of relative sleep deprivation which manifests as excessive daytime hypersomnolence. The movements are characterized by repetitive contractions of the tibialis anterior muscle, extension of the toe, and intermittent flexion of the hip, knee and ankle. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p387)
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)
Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
Drugs used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.
Acquired or learned responses which are regularly manifested.
A biogenic amine that is found in animals and plants. In mammals, melatonin is produced by the PINEAL GLAND. Its secretion increases in darkness and decreases during exposure to light. Melatonin is implicated in the regulation of SLEEP, mood, and REPRODUCTION. Melatonin is also an effective antioxidant.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
A condition characterized by transient weakness or paralysis of somatic musculature triggered by an emotional stimulus or physical exertion. Cataplexy is frequently associated with NARCOLEPSY. During a cataplectic attack, there is a marked reduction in muscle tone similar to the normal physiologic hypotonia that accompanies rapid eye movement sleep (SLEEP, REM). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p396)
A disorder characterized by aching or burning sensations in the lower and rarely the upper extremities that occur prior to sleep or may awaken the patient from sleep.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A progressive advance or delay of bedtime until the desired bedtime is achieved.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Moving a retruded mandible forward to a normal position. It is commonly performed for malocclusion and retrognathia. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A parasomnia characterized by a partial arousal that occurs during stage IV of non-REM sleep. Affected individuals exhibit semipurposeful behaviors such as ambulation and are difficult to fully awaken. Children are primarily affected, with a peak age range of 4-6 years.
Excision of the adenoids. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Surgical removal of a tonsil or tonsils. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).
A fleshy extension at the back of the soft palate that hangs above the opening of the throat.
The processes whereby the internal environment of an organism tends to remain balanced and stable.
The front part of the hindbrain (RHOMBENCEPHALON) that lies between the MEDULLA and the midbrain (MESENCEPHALON) ventral to the cerebellum. It is composed of two parts, the dorsal and the ventral. The pons serves as a relay station for neural pathways between the CEREBELLUM to the CEREBRUM.
A movable fold suspended from the posterior border of the hard palate. The uvula hangs from the middle of the lower border.
Wave-like oscillations of electric potential between parts of the brain recorded by EEG.
Bouts of physical irritability or movement alternating with periods of quiescence. It includes biochemical activity and hormonal activity which may be cellular. These cycles are shorter than 24 hours and include sleep-wakefulness cycles and the periodic activation of the digestive system.
Bicyclic bridged compounds that contain a nitrogen which has three bonds. The nomenclature indicates the number of atoms in each path around the rings, such as [2.2.2] for three equal length paths. Some members are TROPANES and BETA LACTAMS.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Disruptions of the rhythmic cycle of bodily functions or activities.
A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
The use of electronic equipment to observe or record physiologic processes while the patient undergoes normal daily activities.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The muscles of the PHARYNX are voluntary muscles arranged in two layers. The external circular layer consists of three constrictors (superior, middle, and inferior). The internal longitudinal layer consists of the palatopharyngeus, the salpingopharyngeus, and the stylopharyngeus. During swallowing, the outer layer constricts the pharyngeal wall and the inner layer elevates pharynx and LARYNX.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.

Quantitative aspects in the assessment of liver injury. (1/4912)

Liver function data are usually difficult to use in their original form when one wishes to compare the hepatotoxic properties of several chemical substances. However, procedures are available for the conversion of liver function data into quantal responses. These permit the elaboration of dose-response lines for the substances in question, the calculation of median effective doses and the statistical analysis of differences in liver-damaging potency. These same procedures can be utilized for estimating the relative hazard involved if one compares the liver-damaging potency to the median effective dose for some other pharmacologie parameter. Alterations in hepatic triglycerides, lipid peroxidation, and the activities of various hepatic enzymes can also be quantitiated in a dose-related manner. This permits the selection of equitoxic doses required for certain comparative studies and the selection of doses in chemical interaction studies. The quantitative problems involved in low-frequency adverse reactions and the difficulty these present in the detection of liver injury in laboratory animals are discussed.  (+info)

Physiological properties of raphe magnus neurons during sleep and waking. (2/4912)

Neurons in the medullary raphe magnus (RM) that are important in the descending modulation of nociceptive transmission are classified by their response to noxious tail heat as ON, OFF, or NEUTRAL cells. Experiments in anesthetized animals demonstrate that RM ON cells facilitate and OFF cells inhibit nociceptive transmission. Yet little is known of the physiology of these cells in the unanesthetized animal. The first aim of the present experiments was to determine whether cells with ON- and OFF-like responses to noxious heat exist in the unanesthetized rat. Second, to determine if RM cells have state-dependent discharge, the activity of RM neurons was recorded during waking and sleeping states. Noxious heat applied during waking and slow wave sleep excited one group of cells (ON-U) in unanesthetized rats. Other cells were inhibited by noxious heat (OFF-U) applied during waking and slow wave sleep states in unanesthetized rats. NEUTRAL-U cells did not respond to noxious thermal stimulation applied during either slow wave sleep or waking. ON-U and OFF-U cells were more likely to respond to noxious heat during slow wave sleep than during waking and were least likely to respond when the animal was eating or drinking. Although RM cells rarely respond to innocuous stimulation applied during anesthesia, ON-U and OFF-U cells were excited and inhibited, respectively, by innocuous somatosensory stimulation in the unanesthetized rat. The spontaneous activity of >90% of the RM neurons recorded in the unanesthetized rat was influenced by behavioral state. OFF-U cells discharged sporadically during waking but were continuously active during slow wave sleep. By contrast, ON-U and NEUTRAL-U cells discharged in bursts during waking and either ceased to discharge entirely or discharged at a low rate during slow wave sleep. We suggest that OFF cell discharge functions to suppress pain-evoked reactions during sleep, whereas ON cell discharge facilitates pain-evoked responses during waking.  (+info)

Arousal from sleep shortens sympathetic burst latency in humans. (3/4912)

1. Bursts of sympathetic activity in muscle nerves are phase-locked to the cardiac cycle by the sinoaortic baroreflexes. Acoustic arousal from non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep reduces the normally invariant interval between the R-wave of the electrocardiogram (ECG) and the peak of the corresponding sympathetic burst; however, the effects of other forms of sleep disruption (i.e. spontaneous arousals and apnoea-induced arousals) on this temporal relationship are unknown. 2. We simultaneously recorded muscle sympathetic nerve activity in the peroneal nerve (intraneural electrodes) and the ECG (surface electrodes) in seven healthy humans and three patients with sleep apnoea syndrome during NREM sleep. 3. In seven subjects, burst latencies were shortened subsequent to spontaneous K complexes (1.297 +/- 0.024 s, mean +/- s. e.m.) and spontaneous arousals (1.268 +/- 0.044 s) compared with latencies during periods of stable NREM sleep (1.369 +/- 0.023 s). In six subjects who demonstrated spontaneous apnoeas during sleep, apnoea per se did not alter burst latency relative to sleep with stable electroencephalogram (EEG) and breathing (1.313 +/- 0.038 vs. 1.342 +/- 0.026 s); however, following apnoea-induced EEG perturbations, burst latencies were reduced (1.214 +/- 0.034 s). 4. Arousal-induced reduction in sympathetic burst latency may reflect a temporary diminution of baroreflex buffering of sympathetic outflow. If so, the magnitude of arterial pressure perturbations during sleep (e.g. those caused by sleep disordered breathing and periodic leg movements) may be augmented by arousal.  (+info)

Effects of truss mattress upon sleep and bed climate. (4/4912)

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a truss mattress upon sleep and bed climate. The truss mattress which has been designed to decrease the pressure and bed climate humidity was tested. Six healthy female volunteers with a mean age of 23.3 years, served as subjects. The experiment was carried out under two conditions: a truss mattress (T) and a futon (F) (Japanese bedding). The ambient temperature and relative humidity were controlled at 19-20 degrees C, and RH 50-60% respectively. Sleep was monitored by an EEG machine and the rectal temperature, skin temperature and bed climate were also measured continuously. Subjective evaluations of bed and sleep were obtained before and after the recording sessions. No significant difference was observed in the sleep parameters and time spent in each sleep stage. Rectal temperature was significantly lower in T than F. Although there was no significant difference in bed climate over the T/F, the temperature under T/F was significantly higher in T. No significant difference was observed in subjective sleep evaluation. The subjective feeling of the mattress was significantly warmer in F than T before sleep. These results suggest that although T does not disturb the sleep parameters and the bed climate is maintained at the same level as with F, it may affect rectal temperature which can be due to low thermal insulation.  (+info)

Effect of working hours on cardiovascular-autonomic nervous functions in engineers in an electronics manufacturing company. (5/4912)

A field survey of 147 engineers (23-49 years) in an electronics manufacturing company was conducted to investigate the effect of working hours on cardiovascular-autonomic nervous functions (urinary catecholamines, heart rate variability and blood pressure). The subjects were divided into 3 groups by age: 23-29 (n = 49), 30-39 (n = 74) and 40-49 (n = 24) year groups. Subjects in each age group were further divided into shorter (SWH) and longer (LWH) working hour subgroups according to the median of weekly working hours. In the 30-39 year group, urinary noradrenaline in the afternoon for LWH was significantly lower than that for SWH and a similar tendency was found in the LF/HF ratio of heart rate variability at rest. Because these two autonomic nervous indices are related to sympathetic nervous activity, the findings suggested that sympathetic nervous activity for LWH was lower than that for SWH in the 30-39 year group. Furthermore, there were significant relationships both between long working hours and short sleeping hours, and between short sleeping hours and high complaint rates of "drowsiness and dullness" in the morning in this age group. Summarizing these results, it appeared that long working hours might lower sympathetic nervous activity due to chronic sleep deprivation.  (+info)

Ethanol as a hypnotic in insomniacs: self administration and effects on sleep and mood. (6/4912)

The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of low ethanol doses on sleep and mood and to assess its reinforcing effects used as a hypnotic. Twenty healthy adults, aged 21-45 yrs, all moderate social drinkers, were studied: eleven subjects had insomnia and nine were normal sleepers, as documented by clinical polysomnography. On two sampling nights each, ethanol (0.5 g/kg) or placebo was administered before sleep in color-coded cups presented in three doses (0.2, 0.2, and 0.1 g/kg) separated by 15 min. On three subsequent nights subjects chose their preferred presleep beverage (0.2 g/kg ethanol or placebo) based on cup color and were given an opportunity for 3 additional refills (0.2 g/kg each) of the chosen beverage at 15 min intervals, yielding a total possible dose of 0.8 g/kg. Insomniacs chose ethanol 67% of nights and normals 22%. Insomniacs chose significantly more ethanol refills than normals for an average nightly dose of 0.45 g/kg and normals took significantly more placebo refills. On the sampling nights 0.5 g/kg ethanol reduced REM sleep for both groups for the 8-hr sleep period and in insomniacs increased stage 3-4 sleep and reduced stage 1 sleep during the first half of the night to the level seen in the normals. Other sleep variables were not altered in either group or halves of the night. Presleep improvements in the Profile of Mood States tension and concentration factors were also associated with ethanol administration. Thus, acutely, both sleep and mood effects appear to be associated with the reinforcing effects of ethanol as a hypnotic for insomniacs.  (+info)

Intrapreoptic microinjection of GHRH or its antagonist alters sleep in rats. (7/4912)

Previous reports indicate that growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) is involved in sleep regulation. The site of action mediating the nonrapid eye movement sleep (NREMS)-promoting effects of GHRH is not known, but it is independent from the pituitary. GHRH (0.001, 0. 01, and 0.1 nmol/kg) or a competitive antagonist of GHRH (0.003, 0.3, and 14 nmol/kg) was microinjected into the preoptic area, and the sleep-wake activity was recorded for 23 hr after injection in rats. GHRH elicited dose-dependent increases in the duration and in the intensity of NREMS compared with that in control records after intrapreoptic injection of physiological saline. The antagonist decreased the duration and intensity of NREMS and prolonged sleep latency. Consistent alterations in rapid eye movement sleep (REMS) and in brain temperature were not found. The GHRH antagonist also attenuated the enhancements in NREMS elicited by 3 hr of sleep deprivation. Histological verification of the injection sites showed that the majority of the effective injections were in the preoptic area and the diagonal band of Broca. The results indicate that the preoptic area mediates the sleep-promoting activity of GHRH.  (+info)

Energy intake, not energy output, is a determinant of body size in infants. (8/4912)

BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that the primary determinants of body weight at 1 y of age are genetic background, as represented by parental obesity, and low total energy expenditure. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the relative contributions of genetic background and energy intake and expenditure as determinants of body weight at 1 y of age. DESIGN: Forty infants of obese and 38 infants of lean mothers, half boys and half girls, were assessed at 3 mo of age for 10 risk factors for obesity: sex, risk group (obese or nonobese mothers), maternal and paternal body mass index, body weight, feeding mode (breast, bottle, or both), 3-d energy intake, nutritive sucking behavior during a test meal, total energy expenditure, sleeping energy expenditure, and interactions among them. RESULTS: The only difference between risk groups at baseline was that the high-risk group sucked more vigorously during the test meal. Four measures accounted for 62% of the variability in weight at 12 mo: 3-mo weight (41%, P = 0.0001), nutritive sucking behavior (9%, P = 0.0002), 3-d food intake (8%, P = 0.0002), and male sex (3%, P = 0.05). Food intake and sucking behavior at 3 mo accounted for similar amounts of variability in weight-for-length, body fat, fat-free mass, and skinfold thickness at 12 mo. Contrary to expectations, neither total nor sleeping energy expenditure at 3 mo nor maternal obesity contributed to measures of body size at 12 mo. CONCLUSIONS: Energy intake contributes significantly to measures of body weight and composition at 1 y of age; parental obesity and energy expenditure do not.  (+info)

1. Insomnia: difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep
2. Sleep apnea: pauses in breathing during sleep
3. Narcolepsy: excessive daytime sleepiness and sudden attacks of sleep
4. Restless leg syndrome: uncomfortable sensations in the legs during sleep
5. Periodic limb movement disorder: involuntary movements of the legs or arms during sleep
6. Sleepwalking: walking or performing other activities during sleep
7. Sleep terrors: intense fear or anxiety during sleep
8. Sleep paralysis: temporary inability to move or speak during sleep
9. REM sleep behavior disorder: acting out dreams during sleep
10. Circadian rhythm disorders: disruptions to the body's internal clock, leading to irregular sleep patterns.

Sleep disorders can be caused by a variety of factors, such as stress, anxiety, certain medications, sleep deprivation, and underlying medical conditions like chronic pain or sleep apnea. Treatment for sleep disorders may include lifestyle changes (such as establishing a regular sleep schedule, avoiding caffeine and alcohol before bedtime, and creating a relaxing sleep environment), medications, and behavioral therapies (such as cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia). In some cases, surgery or other medical interventions may be necessary.

It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect that you or someone you know may have a sleep disorder, as untreated sleep disorders can lead to serious health problems, such as cardiovascular disease, obesity, and depression. A healthcare professional can help diagnose the specific sleep disorder and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

The main symptoms of OSA are:

1. Loud snoring
2. Pauses in breathing during sleep (apneas)
3. Waking up with a dry mouth or sore throat
4. Morning headaches
5. Difficulty concentrating or feeling tired during the day

OSA is caused by a physical blockage of the airway, usually due to excess tissue in the throat or a large tongue. This can be exacerbated by factors such as being overweight, having a small jaw or narrow airway, or drinking alcohol before bedtime.

If left untreated, OSA can lead to serious complications such as high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke. Treatment options for OSA include lifestyle changes (such as weight loss and avoiding alcohol), oral appliances (such as a mandibular advancement device), and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove excess tissue in the throat or widen the airway.

It is important for individuals who suspect they may have OSA to consult with a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment. A sleep study can be conducted to determine the severity of the condition and rule out other potential causes of sleep disruptions.

1. Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA): This is the most common type of sleep apnea, caused by a physical blockage in the throat, such as excess tissue or a large tongue.
2. Central Sleep Apnea (CSA): This type of sleep apnea is caused by a problem in the brain's breathing control center.
3. Mixed Sleep Apnea: This type of sleep apnea is a combination of OSA and CSA.

The symptoms of sleep apnea syndromes can include:

* Loud snoring
* Pauses in breathing during sleep
* Waking up with a dry mouth or sore throat
* Morning headaches
* Difficulty concentrating or feeling tired during the day

If left untreated, sleep apnea syndromes can lead to serious health problems, such as:

* High blood pressure
* Heart disease
* Stroke
* Diabetes
* Depression

Treatment options for sleep apnea syndromes include:

* Lifestyle changes, such as losing weight or quitting smoking
* Oral appliances, such as a mouthpiece to help keep the airway open
* Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, which involves wearing a mask over the nose and/or mouth while sleeping to deliver a constant flow of air
* Bi-level positive airway pressure (BiPAP) therapy, which is similar to CPAP but delivers two different levels of air pressure
* Surgery, such as a tonsillectomy or a procedure to remove excess tissue in the throat.

It's important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have sleep apnea syndromes, as treatment can help improve your quality of life and reduce the risk of serious health problems.

1. Difficulty falling asleep: Individuals with sleep initiation disorders may have trouble falling asleep at night, despite feeling tired. This can lead to frustration, anxiety, and daytime fatigue.
2. Waking up frequently during the night: Sleep maintenance disorders can cause individuals to wake up multiple times during the night, which can disrupt their sleep patterns and make it difficult to get a good night's rest.
3. Waking up too early in the morning: Some individuals with sleep initiation and maintenance disorders may wake up too early in the morning, before they feel fully rested. This can lead to daytime fatigue and difficulty concentrating.
4. Non-restorative sleep: Individuals with sleep initiation and maintenance disorders may experience non-restorative sleep, meaning that their sleep does not feel refreshing or rejuvenating.
5. Sleep paradox: Some individuals with sleep initiation and maintenance disorders may experience a sleep paradox, where they feel tired during the day but are unable to fall asleep at night.

The causes of sleep initiation and maintenance disorders can vary and may include stress, anxiety, depression, chronic pain, sleep disorders such as insomnia or sleep apnea, and certain medications. Treatment options for sleep initiation and maintenance disorders may include cognitive behavioral therapy, relaxation techniques, sleep hygiene practices, and medications such as sedatives or hypnotics.

In conclusion, sleep initiation and maintenance disorders can significantly impact an individual's quality of life, causing daytime fatigue, difficulty concentrating, and mood disturbances. It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time. With appropriate treatment, individuals with sleep initiation and maintenance disorders can improve their sleep patterns and overall well-being.

Central sleep apnea (CSA) is a type of sleep apnea that occurs when the brain fails to send the proper signals to the muscles that control breathing during sleep. This results in pauses in breathing, which can last for seconds or even minutes and can occur multiple times throughout the night.

CSA is different from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which occurs when the airway is physically blocked by a physical obstruction such as excess tissue in the throat. Instead, CSA is caused by a problem in the brain's respiratory control center, which can be due to various factors such as heart failure, stroke, or a brain tumor.

Symptoms of central sleep apnea may include:

* Pauses in breathing during sleep
* Waking up with a dry mouth or sore throat
* Morning headaches
* Fatigue and daytime sleepiness

Treatment for CSA usually involves addressing the underlying cause, such as treating heart failure or stroke. In some cases, therapies such as continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) may be recommended to help regulate breathing during sleep.

It's important to note that CSA is a less common type of sleep apnea compared to OSA, and it's often misdiagnosed or overlooked. If you suspect you or your partner may have central sleep apnea, it's essential to consult with a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Some common types of disorders of excessive somnolence include:

1. Narcolepsy: A neurological disorder that affects the brain's ability to regulate sleep-wake cycles, leading to excessive daytime sleepiness and sudden attacks of sleep.
2. Sleep apnea: A sleep disorder in which a person's breathing is interrupted during sleep, leading to fragmented sleep and excessive daytime sleepiness.
3. Hypersomnia: A condition characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness that is not relieved by normal amounts of sleep.
4. Idiopathic hypersomnia: A rare condition in which individuals experience excessive sleepiness without any identifiable cause.
5. Kleine-Levin syndrome: A rare neurological disorder that causes recurring periods of excessive sleepiness, often accompanied by confusion and other symptoms.
6. Medication-induced somnolence: Certain medications can cause drowsiness or sedation as a side effect, leading to excessive somnolence.
7. Sleep deprivation: Lack of sleep or disrupted sleep patterns can lead to excessive daytime sleepiness and other symptoms of somnolence.
8. Depression: Some individuals with depression may experience excessive somnolence as a symptom of their condition.
9. Anxiety: Anxiety disorders can also cause excessive somnolence, particularly if the individual is experiencing high levels of stress or anxiety.
10. Chronic fatigue syndrome: A condition characterized by persistent fatigue that is not relieved by rest, which can also lead to excessive somnolence.

Treatment for disorders of excessive somnolence depends on the underlying cause of the condition. In some cases, medication may be prescribed to help manage symptoms and improve sleep quality. Other treatments may include lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise, improved sleep hygiene, or stress management techniques. In rare cases, surgery or other interventions may be necessary to address the underlying cause of the excessive somnolence.

The exact cause of sleep bruxism is not fully understood, but it is thought to be related to a combination of factors such as stress, anxiety, and certain sleep disorders. Some studies suggest that sleep bruxism may be linked to abnormalities in the brain's neural pathways that control chewing and jaw movements.

Symptoms of sleep bruxism can include:

* Teeth grinding or clenching sounds during sleep
* Jaw pain or stiffness upon waking
* Tooth wear or damage
* Headaches or earaches
* Difficulty opening or closing the mouth

Sleep bruxism can be diagnosed by a dentist or a sleep specialist based on a thorough medical history and examination. Treatment options for sleep bruxism may include:

* Stress management techniques such as relaxation exercises or cognitive-behavioral therapy
* Jaw exercises to improve jaw function and reduce pain
* Mouth guards or splints to prevent teeth grinding and clenching
* Medications such as muscle relaxants or anti-anxiety drugs
* Sleep studies to rule out other sleep disorders that may be contributing to the bruxism.

It is important to note that sleep bruxism can have serious consequences for dental health, including tooth wear, tooth loss, and gum recession. If you suspect that you or a family member may be experiencing sleep bruxism, it is important to consult with a dentist or a sleep specialist to determine the appropriate course of treatment.

1. Narcolepsy: A neurological disorder that affects the brain's ability to regulate sleep-wake cycles, causing excessive daytime sleepiness and sudden attacks of sleep.
2. Restless Legs Syndrome (RLS): A condition characterized by an uncontrollable urge to move one's legs, often accompanied by uncomfortable sensations such as itching, tingling, or burning. RLS can disrupt sleep and cause daytime fatigue.
3. Periodic Limb Movement Disorder (PLMD): A condition characterized by involuntary movements of the legs or arms during sleep, which can disrupt sleep and cause daytime fatigue.
4. Sleep-Related Eating Disorder (SRED): A disorder that involves eating during sleep, often due to a lack of inhibition or impaired judgment caused by sleep deprivation.
5. Sleepwalking (Somnambulism): A disorder characterized by walking or performing other activities during sleep, often with no memory of the events in the morning.
6. Sleep Terror (Night Terror): A disorder characterized by intense fear, screaming, and thrashing during sleep, often accompanied by a sense of danger or threat.
7. Sleep Paralysis: A condition that occurs when the body is unable to move or speak during sleep, often due to a temporary paralysis of the muscles.
8. REM Sleep Behavior Disorder (RSBD): A disorder characterized by acting out dreams during sleep, often with violent or aggressive behavior.
9. Primary Insomnia: A disorder characterized by difficulty initiating or maintaining sleep, despite adequate opportunities and circumstances for sleep.
10. Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders: Disorders that occur when the body's internal clock is disrupted, causing problems with sleep timing and duration. Examples include jet lag and shift work sleep disorder.

These are just a few examples of the many sleep disorders that exist. It's important to note that these disorders can have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life, and seeking medical attention is often necessary for proper diagnosis and treatment.

There are several types of sleep arousal disorders, including:

1. Insomnia: Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, often accompanied by difficulty relaxing and quieting the mind.
2. Sleep state misperception: A condition in which a person feels that they are not sleeping when in fact they are, or vice versa.
3. Sleep-wake transition disorder: Difficulty transitioning from a wakeful state to a sleeping state.
4. Sleep terrors (night terrors): Intense fear, screaming, and thrashing during sleep, often accompanied by physical signs such as increased heart rate and breathing.
5. Sleepwalking (somnambulism): Getting up and walking around during sleep, often without remembering it in the morning.
6. Sleep driving: Driving while asleep or getting into a car to drive while still asleep.
7. Sleep eating (nocturnal sleep-related eating disorder): Eating during sleep, often due to underlying stress or anxiety.
8. Sleep sex (sleep sexual behavior): Engaging in sexual activities during sleep, often without memory of it in the morning.

These disorders can cause significant distress and impairment in daily functioning, and may be treated with a combination of medication and behavioral interventions such as cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) or relaxation techniques. It is important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen over time.

There are several types of snoring, including:

1. Obstructive snoring: This type of snoring occurs when the airflow is physically blocked by an obstruction in the throat, such as a tongue or soft tissue.
2. Central snoring: This type of snoring occurs when the brain fails to send the proper signals to the muscles that control breathing, leading to irregular breathing patterns and snoring sounds.
3. Mixed snoring: This type of snoring is a combination of obstructive and central snoring.

Snoring can be more than just a nuisance; it can also be a sign of a serious health condition. Sleep apnea, a condition in which a person stops breathing for short periods during sleep, often accompanies snoring. Snoring can also lead to other complications, such as high blood pressure, heart disease, and stroke.

There are several treatment options available for snoring, including:

1. Lifestyle changes: Making lifestyle changes such as losing weight, avoiding alcohol and sedatives before bedtime, and sleeping on your side can help reduce or eliminate snoring.
2. Nasal strips and dilators: These devices can help keep the nasal passages open and improve airflow.
3. Oral appliances: Custom-made oral appliances can help advance the lower jaw and keep the airway open.
4. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy: This is a machine that delivers air pressure to the airways to keep them open during sleep.
5. Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove obstructions in the throat or correct physical abnormalities that are causing snoring.

It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have a snoring problem. A healthcare professional can help determine the cause of your snoring and recommend appropriate treatment options.

There are several types of narcolepsy, including:

* Type 1 narcolepsy: This is the most common form of the disorder, and it is characterized by the presence of cataplexy and low levels of hypocretin-1, a neurotransmitter that helps regulate sleep and wakefulness.
* Type 2 narcolepsy: This form of narcolepsy is similar to type 1, but it does not involve cataplexy. Instead, people with type 2 narcolepsy may experience other symptoms such as memory loss, anxiety, and depression.
* Narcolepsy with cataplexy: This is a subtype of type 1 narcolepsy that is characterized by the presence of both cataplexy and low levels of hypocretin-1.
* Narcolepsy without cataplexy: This is a subtype of type 2 narcolepsy that is characterized by the absence of cataplexy and low levels of hypocretin-1.

There is no cure for narcolepsy, but medications such as stimulants, modafinil, and sodium oxybate can help manage symptoms. Behavioral interventions such as scheduled napping and exercise can also be helpful in managing the disorder.

Sleep paralysis typically occurs when the body is in a state of rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, a stage of sleep characterized by vivid dreams and increased brain activity. In REM sleep, the body is paralyzed to prevent acting out dreams, but in sleep paralysis, the paralysis persists even after the individual has awoken.

There are several factors that may contribute to sleep paralysis, including:

1. Sleep deprivation: Lack of sleep or disruptions in normal sleep patterns can increase the risk of sleep paralysis.
2. Genetics: Sleep paralysis may run in families, suggesting that there may be a genetic component to the condition.
3. Sleep disorders: Certain sleep disorders, such as narcolepsy or sleep apnea, may increase the risk of sleep paralysis.
4. Mental health: Sleep paralysis may be more common in individuals with mental health conditions such as anxiety or depression.
5. Substance use: Alcohol and certain medications may disrupt sleep patterns and increase the risk of sleep paralysis.

There is no specific treatment for sleep paralysis, but there are several strategies that may help reduce the frequency and severity of episodes. These include:

1. Improving sleep habits: Establishing a regular sleep schedule, avoiding caffeine and alcohol before bedtime, and creating a relaxing sleep environment can help promote better sleep and reduce the risk of sleep paralysis.
2. Reducing stress: Practicing stress-reducing techniques such as meditation or yoga may help reduce the risk of sleep paralysis.
3. Treating underlying sleep disorders: If sleep paralysis is occurring as a result of a sleep disorder, treating the underlying condition may help resolve the problem.
4. Medication: In some cases, medication may be prescribed to help regulate sleep patterns and reduce the risk of sleep paralysis.
5. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT): CBT may be helpful in managing the anxiety and fear associated with sleep paralysis.

If you are experiencing recurrent sleep paralysis, it is important to speak with a healthcare professional to rule out any underlying medical conditions and develop a treatment plan.

RBD can be diagnosed based on a combination of clinical features, including:

1. Abnormal behavior during REM sleep: This is the primary feature of RBD and is characterized by abrupt awakenings, aggressive or violent behaviors, and/or talking in a loud, angry tone.
2. Sleep quality issues: Individuals with RBD may experience poor sleep quality, difficulty falling asleep, or difficulty staying asleep.
3. Daytime symptoms: RBD can also cause daytime symptoms such as fatigue, irritability, and difficulty concentrating.
4. Polysomnography (PSG): This is a sleep study that records various physiological activities during sleep, such as brain waves, muscle activity, and heart rate. PSG can help identify the presence of RBD and rule out other sleep disorders.
5. Actigraphy: This is a non-invasive sleep monitoring device that records movement and can be used to diagnose RBD.
6. Clinical evaluation: A thorough clinical evaluation, including a review of the individual's medical history and a physical examination, can help identify other potential causes of the symptoms.

Treatment for RBD typically involves a combination of medications and behavioral interventions, such as:

1. Clonazepam: This is a benzodiazepine that can help reduce the frequency and intensity of abnormal behaviors during REM sleep.
2. Melatonin: This is a hormone that can help regulate sleep-wake cycles and improve sleep quality.
3. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT): This type of therapy can help individuals with RBD manage their symptoms and improve their overall quality of life.
4. Sleep schedule modification: Changing the individual's sleep schedule to avoid napping during the day and promoting good sleep hygiene can help reduce the frequency and intensity of abnormal behaviors.
5. Relaxation techniques: Teaching individuals with RBD relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing and progressive muscle relaxation, can help them manage their symptoms and improve their overall quality of life.
6. Environmental modifications: Making changes to the individual's sleep environment, such as removing any sharp objects or dangerous substances from the bedroom, can help reduce the risk of injury or harm during abnormal behaviors.

It is important to note that treatment for RBD should be tailored to the individual and may take time to find the most effective approach. It is also important to work with a healthcare provider who has experience in treating sleep disorders.

The exact cause of NMS is not known, but it is believed to be related to abnormal electrical activity in the brain, particularly in the basal ganglia and thalamus. Some cases have been linked to other neurological conditions such as Parkinson's disease, Huntington's disease, and multiple system atrophy.

There is no cure for NMS, but various treatments can help manage symptoms. These may include medications such as benzodiazepines or anticonvulsants to reduce muscle jerks and promote sleep, as well as behavioral interventions such as relaxation techniques and good sleep hygiene practices. In severe cases, surgery may be considered to regulate abnormal brain activity.

NMS can have a significant impact on quality of life, causing fatigue, anxiety, and reduced productivity. It is essential for individuals experiencing these symptoms to seek medical attention to determine the underlying cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan.

In the medical field, fatigue is often evaluated using a combination of physical examination, medical history, and laboratory tests to determine its underlying cause. Treatment for fatigue depends on the underlying cause, but may include rest, exercise, stress management techniques, and medication.

Some common causes of fatigue in the medical field include:

1. Sleep disorders, such as insomnia or sleep apnea
2. Chronic illnesses, such as diabetes, heart disease, or arthritis
3. Infections, such as the flu or a urinary tract infection
4. Medication side effects
5. Poor nutrition or hydration
6. Substance abuse
7. Chronic stress
8. Depression or anxiety
9. Hormonal imbalances
10. Autoimmune disorders, such as thyroiditis or lupus.

Fatigue can also be a symptom of other medical conditions, such as:

1. Anemia
2. Hypoglycemia (low blood sugar)
3. Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid)
4. Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)
5. Chronic fatigue syndrome
6. Fibromyalgia
7. Vasculitis
8. Cancer
9. Heart failure
10. Liver or kidney disease.

It is important to seek medical attention if fatigue is severe, persistent, or accompanied by other symptoms such as fever, pain, or difficulty breathing. A healthcare professional can diagnose and treat the underlying cause of fatigue, improving overall quality of life.

Cataplexy is often associated with narcolepsy, a neurological disorder that affects the brain's ability to regulate sleep-wake cycles. However, it can also occur in people without narcolepsy. In these cases, cataplexy may be a symptom of another condition or a side effect of certain medications.

The exact cause of cataplexy is not fully understood, but it is thought to be related to an imbalance in the brain chemicals that regulate muscle tone and emotion. Treatment for cataplexy typically involves addressing any underlying conditions or adjusting medications that may be contributing to the condition. In some cases, botulinum toxin injections may be recommended to reduce muscle stiffness and spasms.

Examples of 'Cataplexy' in a sentence:

1. The patient experienced cataplexy during laughing attacks, causing temporary paralysis of their limbs.
2. The doctor diagnosed the patient with cataplexy, a symptom of their narcolepsy.
3. The medication side effect was causing cataplexy, leading to muscle weakness and paralysis.

The exact cause of RLS is not known, but it is thought to be related to abnormalities in the brain's dopamine system, which regulates movement and pleasure. Some potential triggers for RLS include:

* Genetics: RLS may be inherited, as people with a family history of the condition are more likely to develop it.
* Nutritional deficiencies: Low levels of iron, magnesium, or other nutrients can contribute to RLS.
* Medical conditions: Certain conditions such as anemia, kidney disease, and diabetes can increase the risk of developing RLS.
* Lifestyle factors: Alcohol, caffeine, and tobacco use can exacerbate RLS symptoms.

Symptoms of RLS typically occur in the evening or at night, disrupting sleep and leading to daytime fatigue and other problems. Common symptoms include:

* An intense urge to move one's legs, often accompanied by uncomfortable sensations such as itching, tingling, or burning.
* A creeping, crawling, or searing sensation in the legs.
* Restlessness and an inability to sit still for long periods.
* Difficulty falling or staying asleep due to frequent leg movements.

There is no cure for RLS, but various treatments can help manage symptoms. These may include medications such as dopamine agonists or opioids, lifestyle changes like regular exercise and avoiding triggers, and alternative therapies like massage and acupuncture.

The exact cause of somnambulism is not fully understood, but it is thought to be related to changes in the brain's electrical activity during deep sleep. Some factors that may trigger somnambulism include stress, lack of sleep, certain medications, and certain medical conditions such as sleep apnea or restless leg syndrome.

Symptoms of somnambulism can vary depending on the individual, but may include getting out of bed and walking around while asleep, performing activities such as eating or dressing while asleep, and having no memory of the events in the morning. In some cases, somnambulism can be dangerous if the person performs activities that are risky or harmful while asleep, such as driving a car or using sharp objects.

Treatment for somnambulism typically involves addressing any underlying causes, such as stress or sleep disorders, and may include therapies such as cognitive-behavioral therapy or medication to help improve sleep quality. In some cases, safety measures such as installing locks or alarms on doors and windows may be recommended to prevent the person from engaging in risky activities while asleep.

Chronobiology disorders can result when the body's natural circadian rhythm is disrupted or altered, leading to problems with sleep timing, duration, and quality, as well as other physiological and behavioral issues. Examples of chronobiology disorders include:

1. Circadian rhythm sleep disorders: These are conditions that affect the body's natural sleep-wake cycle, such as delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS) and advanced sleep phase disorder (ASPD).
2. Jet lag: This occurs when traveling across time zones, causing a mismatch between the body's internal clock and the local environment.
3. Shift work sleep disorder: This affects people who work outside of traditional daytime hours and experience difficulty adjusting to irregular sleep schedules.
4. Irregular sleep-wake patterns: This can be caused by factors such as working night shifts, rotating shifts, or having an irregular sleep schedule.
5. Sleep apnea: A sleep disorder in which a person's breathing is interrupted during sleep, often causing them to wake up frequently throughout the night.
6. Insomnia: Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, often caused by stress, anxiety, or other factors that disrupt the body's natural sleep-wake cycle.
7. Depression: A mood disorder that can affect the body's circadian rhythm, leading to changes in sleep patterns and other physiological functions.
8. Bipolar disorder: A mood disorder that can cause changes in sleep patterns, energy levels, and other physiological functions.
9. Seasonal affective disorder (SAD): A type of depression that occurs during the winter months when there is less sunlight.
10. Hypersomnia: Excessive sleepiness or prolonged periods of sleep, often caused by factors such as medication side effects, sleep disorders, or other medical conditions.

It's important to note that these are just a few examples of the many potential causes of irregular sleep patterns, and there may be other underlying factors that contribute to this symptom. If you are experiencing persistent changes in your sleep patterns, it is important to speak with a healthcare professional to determine the cause and find appropriate treatment.

... syndrome Oleamide Power nap Rheum Sleep epidemiology Sleep in space Sleep-learning Sleep medicine Sleep paralysis Sleeping ... Scientific studies on sleep have shown that sleep stage at awakening is an important factor in amplifying sleep inertia. Sleep ... "Mental Health and Sleep". Sleep Foundation. 18 September 2020. Retrieved 18 November 2021. "CDC - Sleep Hygiene Tips - Sleep ... sleep timing, the variability of sleep timing, and low sleep efficiency. However, sleep duration is the most-studied for its ...
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Without sleep, all of days wealth seems useless. Night is the blessed barrier between day and day, as it brings with it sleep: ... "To Sleep" is a poem by William Wordsworth. Here, the speaker is someone who suffers from insomnia. He lies sleepless all night ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: To Sleep v t e (Use dmy dates from April 2022, Poetry by William ... He has not been able to win sleep by any means, and he is quite exhausted. ...
... was an English teenage grunge rock band, formed in 1993 by brothers Ben Fox Smith (vocals, guitar), Shïan Smith- ... "Stony Sleep : Khartoum". Nme.com. Retrieved 22 June 2020. Official Homepage (All articles with dead external links, Articles ... "Album Review: Stony Sleep - Music For Chameleons". DrownedInSound.com. Archived from the original on 5 December 2020. Retrieved ... Music for Chameleons Version 1 (1996) Music for Chameleons Version 2 (1997) A Slack Romance (1999) Stony Sleep B-sides (2019) " ...
... may refer to:: Losing Sleep (Axle Whitehead album), 2008 Losing Sleep (Edwyn Collins album), 2010, or its title ... "Losing Sleep" (John Newman song), 2013 "Losing Sleep" (Chris Young song), 2017 "Losing Sleep (Still, My Heart)", a composition ... track Losing Sleep (Parachute album), 2009 Losing Sleep (Chris Young album), 2017 " ... by Vangelis Insomnia This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Losing Sleep. If an internal link led ...
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... may refer to: Sexual intercourse "Sleep Together", a song by Garbage from Version 2.0, 1998 "Sleep Together", a ... Look up sleep together in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... page lists articles associated with the title Sleep together. ...
In a 2015 Doctor Who episode, Sleep No More, the scientists and crew of a space lab forgo normal sleep patterns by using ' ... Huffington writes "That idea that sleep is somehow a sign of weakness and that burnout and sleep deprivation are macho signs of ... "Dreams of the future: How sci-fi sees sleep". CNET. Retrieved 2020-05-30. "Sleep pods for night staff". Nursing Standard. 35 (3 ... James, Mass (1999). Power Sleep. New York: Quill/Harper Collins. Steger, Brigitte (September 2006). "Sleeping through Class to ...
Practice of sleep hygiene and knowledge of sleep hygiene practices can be assessed with measures such as the Sleep Hygiene ... For younger individuals, sleep hygiene can be assessed by the Adolescent Sleep Hygiene Scale or the Children's Sleep Hygiene ... Sleep hygiene strategies include advice about timing of sleep and food intake in relationship to exercise and sleeping ... Sleep hygiene studies use different sets of sleep hygiene recommendations, and the evidence that improving sleep hygiene ...
However, sleep 5.5h (a floating point) is allowed. Consecutive executions of sleep can also be used. sleep 5h; sleep 30m Sleep ... Sleep (system call) sleep - Shell and Utilities Reference, The Single UNIX Specification, Version 4 from The Open Group sleep(1 ... sleep is a predefined command alias for the Start-Sleep cmdlet which serves the same purpose. Microsoft also provides a sleep ... mplayer foo.mp3 Wait 3 hours then play the file foo.mp3 Note that sleep 5h30m and sleep 5h 30m are illegal since sleep takes ...
... s (also known as dream temples or Egyptian sleep temples) are regarded by some as an early instance of hypnosis ... Sleep temples also existed in the Middle East and Ancient Greece. In Greece, they were built in honor of Asclepios, the Greek ... These sleep chambers were filled with snakes, a symbol to Asclepios. A similar Hebrew treatment was referred to as Kavanah and ... Sleep temples were hospitals of sorts, healing a variety of ailments, perhaps many of them psychological in nature. Patients ...
... may refer to: "Sleep Tight", a song by Sarah Brightman from the 1997 album Eden "Sleep Tight", a song by Celine ... a 2011 Spanish film Sleep Tight, a 1987 novel by Matthew Costello Sleep Tight, a 2014 novel by Rachel Abbott Sleep Tight, a ... "Sleep Tight", a song by Kill Hannah from the 2006 album Until There's Nothing Left of Us "Sleep Tight", a song by Big Bad ... Look up sleep tight in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Dion from the 2004 album Miracle "Sleep Tight", a song by ...
... : an American Dream is the second novel by American writer Bruce Bauman, published in 2015. It follows the exploits ... Retrieved 1-31-17). Leavitt, Caroline (April 27, 2016) Bruce Bauman talks about Broken Sleep, living riskily, writing out of ... "Bruce Bauman's Broken Sleep Is a Subversive Rock n' Roll Time Trip" "Electric Literature" (Retrieved 1-31-17). Blum, Jordan ( ... Broken Sleep "Bookworm" (Retrieved 1-31-17). LJ Reviews (November 15, 2015) "LJ Fiction Reviews: November 15, 2015" Archived ...
He published Variations on Wayne Sleep and his autobiography Precious Little Sleep. Sleep lives with his spouse José Bergera in ... In 2020, Sleep was portrayed by dancer Jay Webb on the TV series The Crown, during its reenactment of Sleep's performance with ... In Sean Lock's 15 Storeys High, Sleep is one of several people to whom Vince addresses a letter. In 2017, Sleep performed at ... In 1982, Andrew Lloyd Webber adapted his Variations album as the second half of stage show Song and Dance for Sleep. Sleep ...
"Sleep Sex - Sexsomnia Causes And Treatment , Sleep Disorder Symptoms". Sleep Disorders , all About Sleep Deprivation. Retrieved ... central sleep apnea, sleep-related hypoventilation, circadian rhythm sleep-wake disorders, non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep ... coexisting sleep disorders sleep disruption secondary to obstructive sleep apnea sleep related epilepsy certain medications ... Sleep eBook". sleepdisorders.sleepfoundation.org. Retrieved 13 November 2017. "NON-REM (NREM) SLEEP - TYPES AND STAGES OF SLEEP ...
"How to Sleep Better". Sleep Foundation. 17 April 2009. Retrieved 14 January 2021. "CDC - Sleep Hygiene Tips - Sleep and Sleep ... The amount of sleep needed can depend on sleep quality, age, pregnancy, and level of sleep deprivation. Insufficient sleep has ... Biological Rhythms, Sleep and Hypnosis by Simon Green "Sleep Debt: Can You Catch up on Sleep?". Sleep Foundation. 20 January ... Insomnia Effects of sleep deprivation on cognitive performance Narcolepsy Polyphasic sleep Sleep medicine Sleep onset latency ...
Sleep. 31 (5): 619-26. doi:10.1093/sleep/31.5.619. PMC 2398753. PMID 18517032. British Sleep Society [2] Sleep Research Society ... In the UK and US this manifests itself in research centres which often have sleep laboratories where the sleep patterns and ... Sleep epidemiology has provided evidence for the association between sleep and various diseases, particularly metabolic and ... Sleep epidemiology draws upon fields such as: sleep medicine, statistics, psychology, epidemiology, economics, biology, and ...
"Sleep ∞ Over interview: "Disconnected from reality."". Dummy. Retrieved February 16, 2020. "Sleep ∞ Over "I Want to Be Alone ... "Sleep Over biography". AllMusic. Retrieved February 16, 2020. "Sleep ∞ Over - 'The Heavens Turn By Themselves'". Sounds Better ... Sleep ∞ Over is an American indie rock and experimental pop project founded by Stefanie Franciotti. The project began in 2010 ...
... is the transition from wakefulness into sleep. Sleep onset usually transmits into non-rapid eye movement sleep ( ... Sleep onset is induced by sleep-promoting neurons, located in the ventrolateral preoptic nucleus (VLPO). The sleep-promoting ... These sleep neurons are silent until an individual shows a transition from waking to sleep. The sleep neurons in the preoptic ... which leads to sleep. Evidence has shown that during the sleep-wake cycle, sleep-promoting neurons and the arousal-promoting ...
Pressman, Mark R. (2 March 2011). "Sleep driving: sleepwalking variant or misuse of z-drugs?". Sleep Medicine Reviews. 15 (5): ... Sleepwalk-driving, or more commonly known as sleep-driving, is a rare phenomenon where the person drives a motor vehicle while ... Woodbury, Emily (18 August 2021). "You've heard of sleepwalking, but what about sleep-driving?". Rvtravel.com. Retrieved 10 ...
... may refer to: A sleep diary, a record of an individual's sleeping and waking times Sleep, a medical journal ... covering sleep research This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Sleep journal. If an internal link ...
Sleep was born in Montreal, Quebec, but grew up in Winnipeg, Manitoba. "1975 NHL Amateur Draft -- Mike Sleep". Hockey Draft ... Michael William Sleep (born March 13, 1955) is a Canadian former professional ice hockey player who played in the World Hockey ... Mike Sleep career statistics at EliteProspects.com. Retrieved March 29, 2014. Biographical information and career statistics ... Association (WHA). Drafted in the sixth round of the 1975 NHL Amateur Draft by the New York Islanders, Sleep opted to play in ...
... (or On Sleep and Sleeplessness; Greek Περὶ ὕπνου καὶ ἐγρηγόρσεως; Latin: De somno et vigilia) is a text by Aristotle, ... Works related to On Sleep and Sleeplessness at Wikisource On sleep and sleeplessness, translated by J. I. Beare HTML Greek text ...
... sells smart mattresses that allow users to track data regarding their sleep cycles, control the temperature of ... "EIGHT: Sleep Tracker & Smart Bed Cover". Indiegogo. Retrieved September 28, 2019. "Sleep company Eight's latest funding round ... Lunden, Ingrid (August 30, 2021). "Eight Sleep raises $86M as its smart mattress and 'sleep fitness' technology approaches $ ... "Smart Mattress Measures Your Sleep Cycles, Surrounding Temperature and Breathing for Better Sleep , Electronics360". ...
... may refer to: Sleep deprivation, the condition of not receiving enough sleep No Sleep may also refer to: No Sleep ( ... "No Sleep" (Sway song), 2013 "No Sleep" (Wiz Khalifa song), 2011 "No Sleep", a 2021 song by Crooked Colours "No Sleep", a song ... LaViVe album), 2010 No Sleep (Volumes album), 2014 "No Sleep" (Jebediah song), 2004 "No Sleep" (Martin Garrix song), featuring ... a 2010 song by singer Corina and rapper JJ No No Sleep, a 2015 short film This disambiguation page lists articles associated ...
... may refer to: Don't Sleep (album), by Alice Ivy, 2020 Don't Sleep (film), 2017 Don't Sleep, a 2000 album by DJ ... "Don't Sleep", a 2016 song by Dorian "Don't Sleep", a 2021 song by 24kGoldn "Don't Sleep on Me", a 2017 song by Ty Dolla $ign ... Hurricane Don't Sleep, a 2010 album by Stealing O'Neal Don't Sleep, a band formed by Dave Smalley in 2018 " ... a 2021 song by Tones and I This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Don't Sleep. If an internal link ...
Neuroscience of sleep Sleep and memory Cirelli, Charia; Giulio Tuononi (August 2013). "Perchance to Prune". Scientific American ... Young, Ed (April 2011). "Individual Neurons go to Sleep While Rats Stay Awake". Discover Magazine. (Neurophysiology, Sleep). ... "sleep drunk"), although certain cortical regions of mice have been demonstrated to enter local sleep for very brief amounts of ... periods in the same way that would be expected during an actual sleeping state. Local sleep can be induced by sustained and ...
... is known for its concept albums; to date, all Sleep Station releases have been concept albums, and have been ... Following Anhedonia, Sleep Station signed to New Jersey-based Eyeball Records. In 2002, Sleep Station released its first album ... Sleep Station released the Von Cosel EP as a free download on the band's website. Although previous Sleep Station albums had ... Unconventional love affairs and war are common lyrical themes in Sleep Station's music. Sleep Station began in 2001, with David ...
... : The Worthing Chronicle (1979) is a science fiction novel by American writer Orson Scott Card, part of his the ... Hot Sleep was re-released as a serialized novel in the first issue of Card's Intergalactic Medicine Show in October 2005. ... Hot Sleep was Card's first novel-length published science fiction story. A Planet Called Treason followed. The short story ... Thus, each somec patient experiences the panic of burning hot sleep "for the first time" (as far as their memory goes) no ...
Since 1969, Sleep has done research on mid-ocean ridges. He first demonstrated the temperature dependence of the ratio of water ... Sleep was the first to realize that the stratigraphic sequence on passive continental margins could be modeled by deposition on ... Norman H. Sleep (born 14 February 1945) is an American geophysicist and professor of geophysics at Stanford University. He has ... In 1967, Sleep graduated with a B.S. in mathematics from Michigan State University. He then studied geophysics at Massachusetts ...
Learn about sleep studies that doctors use to diagnose sleep apnea, insomnia, and other sleep disorders. ... Sleep tests can help your doctor diagnose sleep-related breathing disorders such as sleep apnea, sleep-related seizure ... Your doctor will review your sleep test results and develop a treatment plan for any diagnosed sleep disorder. Untreated sleep ... Other ways to study your sleep include:. *Multiple sleep latency tests measure how quickly you fall asleep during a series of ...
Sleep Stages and Mechanisms. Sleep Stages. There are two basic types of sleep: rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and non-REM sleep ... Sleep-wake homeostasis keeps track of your need for sleep. The homeostatic sleep drive reminds the body to sleep after a ... This sleep drive gets stronger every hour you are awake and causes you to sleep longer and more deeply after a period of sleep ... Stage 2 non-REM sleep is a period of light sleep before you enter deeper sleep. Your heartbeat and breathing slow, and muscles ...
Learn about sleep disorders, treatments, and good sleep habits. ... Getting a good sleep is vital to your health, but many ... Sleep Talking (Somniloquy) (American Academy of Sleep Medicine) * Sleep Terrors (Night Terrors) (Mayo Foundation for Medical ... Sleep Disorders: In Depth (National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health) * Sleep Education: Sleep Studies and Tests ... What is sleep?. Sleep is a complex biological process. While you are sleeping, you are unconscious, but your brain and body ...
African Trypanosomiasis, also known as "sleeping sickness", is caused by microscopic parasites of the species Trypanosoma ... Sleeping sickness is curable with medication but is fatal if left untreated. ...
During sleep, the brain cycles through two distinct phases: rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and non-REM sleep.1 Not completing ... Periods of sleep and wakefulness are part of how our bodies function. Although you are resting while you sleep, your brain ... Sleep consists of different stages that repeat several times each night. ... Sleep is a complex biological process that helps people process new information, stay healthy, and re-energize. ...
Sleep Wake Disorders[majr:noexp] AND humans[mh] AND english[la] AND last 1 Year [edat] AND (patient education handout[pt] OR ... Analysis of the Effects of Known Sleep-Support Supplements in Relation to Life Habits, Sleep Conditions, and Sleep Problems. ... Sleep Aids, Pharmaceutical[majr:noexp] OR Sleep Wake Disorders[majr:noexp] AND humans[mh] AND english[la] AND last 1 Year ... Sleep Disturbance Affects Immune Factors in Clinical Liver Cancer Patients. Wang Z, Wang Y, Huang J, Xu J, Chen F, Zhu Z, Gao L ...
... or sleep apnea, dont realize it. It can leave you tired and put your health at risk. ... and a sleep study. For a sleep study, your doctor may send you to a sleep lab or provide a portable sleep monitor. Sleep ... Michael Twery, a sleep expert at NIH.. The most common type of sleep apnea is called obstructive sleep apnea. Any air that ... The other type of sleep apnea is central sleep apnea. In central sleep apnea, the brain doesnt send the correct signals to ...
Get caregiving tips for managing sleep problems in someone with Alzheimers disease or a related dementia. ... 6 Tips for Managing Sleep Problems in Alzheimers Alzheimers disease often affects a persons sleeping habits. It may be hard ... National Sleep Foundation. 703-243-1697. [email protected]. www.thensf.org. www.thensj.org/sleep-health-topics/ ... Someone with Alzheimers may sleep a lot or not enough, and may wake up many times during the night. ...
Background: Sleep disturbance is common and problematic for young people at ultra-high risk of psychosis. Sleep disruption is a ... Uptake of the sleep therapy was high, and we found preliminary evidence of sustained reductions in sleep problems. A definitive ... Interpretation: A randomised controlled trial of a targeted psychological sleep therapy for young people at ultra-high risk of ... A targeted psychological treatment for sleep problems in young people at ultra-high risk of psychosis in England (SleepWell): a ...
This fact sheet provides information on the effectiveness and safety of complementary health approaches people use as sleep ... To learn more about healthy sleep and what happens when you dont get enough sleep, visit NHLBIs Your Guide to Healthy Sleep ... You might have sleep apnea-a condition in which sleep is disrupted because of pauses in breathing. For more information, visit ... Adults need at least 7 to 8 hours of sleep each night to be well rested, but the average adult sleeps for less than 7 hours a ...
Safe to Sleep®. Helping to reduce the risk of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and other sleep-related causes of infant ... Stay in touch with the Safe to Sleep® campaign!. Sign up to get updates on the Safe to Sleep® campaign, announcements about ... Promote safe infant sleep this SIDS Awareness Month and beyond with resources from the 2023 digital toolkit. ... Safe to Sleep® is a registered trademark of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. ...
Healthy daytime and bedtime sleep habits can help your teenager sleep better. Try exercise in the day, no screens before bed, ... Bedtime habits to help pre-teens and teenagers sleep better at night. Encourage your child to wind down before bed. Your child ... Daytime habits to improve pre-teen and teenage sleep. Physical activity and natural daylight can help your childs body produce ... Long naps close to bedtime can make it harder to get to sleep at night. ...
Sleep apnea is a serious condition that happens when someones breathing stops and starts during sleep. Learn more about causes ... What Is Sleep Apnea?. Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that happens when your breathing stops and starts while you ... Sleep studies. Your doctor may refer you to a sleep specialist or a center for a sleep study. You can do these studies in a ... Next In Sleep Apnea Next Sleep Apnea Symptoms Related Articles:. * Sleep Apnea ...
Other sleep-related infant deaths: 1 Infant deaths linked to how or where a baby sleeps or slept. They can include deaths from ... Co-sleeping: A general term for sleeping near or with an infant. This term can describe both room sharing and bed sharing. ... Crib or cot death: An older term for SIDS that focused on the sleep area. Because SIDS can occur in any sleep area, such as a ... Stay in touch with the Safe to Sleep® campaign!. Sign up to get updates on the Safe to Sleep® campaign, announcements about ...
Gift of sleep A great nights sleep can be a good-mood booster, so weve teamed up with Sleep Expert Natalie Pennicotte-Collier ... Sleeping away from home Struggling to drift off when youre away from home? Say no more! Our Sleep Wellbeing Expert Natalie ... Sleep wellbeing From bedtime breathwork to regulating your room temperature, our sleep expert has a few tricks for getting the ... Weve teamed up with Sleep Wellbeing Expert Natalie Pennicotte-Collier to bring you top sleep tips and wellbeing advice to help ...
... risk of long COVID in women with sleep apnea and 59% in men when compared with adults without the condition. ... Lemborexant Improves Sleep Maintenance for Patients With Sleep Apnea. June 9th 2023 ... Lemborexant Improves Sleep Maintenance for Patients With Sleep Apnea. June 9th 2023 ... Lemborexant Improves Sleep Maintenance for Patients With Sleep Apnea. June 9th 2023 ...
public class sleep extends java.lang.Object. Implements the extended procedure "sleep". ... sleep(Quantity q). * Methods inherited from class java.lang.Object. clone, equals, finalize, getClass, hashCode, notify, ...
Learn about sleep disorders, treatments, and good sleep habits. ... Getting a good sleep is vital to your health, but many ... Sleep Talking (Somniloquy) (American Academy of Sleep Medicine) * Sleep Terrors (Night Terrors) (Mayo Foundation for Medical ... Sleep Disorders: In Depth (National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health) * Sleep Education: Sleep Studies and Tests ... What is sleep?. Sleep is a complex biological process. While you are sleeping, you are unconscious, but your brain and body ...
Sleep -- RDoC Element. Type of Element: Behavior. The following construct(s)/subconstruct(s) refer to this element.... *Domain ... Home , Research , Research Funded by NIMH , Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) , Units of Analysis , Behaviors , Sleep. ...
Sleep Dealer: Directed by Alex Rivera. With Luis Fernando Peña, Metztli Adamina, José Concepción Macías, Tenoch Huerta. The ... By what name was Sleep Dealer (2008) officially released in Canada in English? ...
Good sleep habits (sometimes referred to as "sleep hygiene") can help you get a good nights sleep. ... Some habits that can improve your sleep health:. *Be consistent. Go to bed at the same time each night and get up at the same ... Good sleep habits (sometimes referred to as ... Basics About Sleepplus icon *Key Sleep Disorders. *Sleep and ...
... costing many their sleep, a new study suggests. ... can have a disruptive effect on your sleep timing and sleep ... They asked participants about their sleep habits, including when they went to bed and how much sleep they got, during the week ... co-director of the University of Washington Medicine Sleep Center, director of the Harborview Medical Center Sleep Clinic, and ... The worst scenario for sleep is to "fall asleep on the sofa in the living room with all lights and monitors on," said Dr Ohayon ...
She snores, I sleep lightly. Besides, she is a sleep-eater. One time she woke up with a container of cheese spread next to her ... I am a sleep-eater.. It has happened only a few times, and Im not sure if its connected to Ambien. It started last year when ... Im a recovering sleep eater, and if you are too, I look forward to meeting you on my book tour. Its called "A Bed Full of ... Bread Crumbs," and I trace my sleep eating to the sinus problem, which was aggravated by the three years I spent in prison for ...
Dictionary Definition: sleep apnea. sleep apnea. A common disorder in which you do not breathe regularly while sleeping. You ... Untreated sleep problems, especially sleep apnea, can increase the chances of obesity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. ... may move out of deep sleep and into light sleep when your breathing pauses or becomes shallow. ...
... Avena sativa 6C Nervousness Chamomilla 6C Restlessness Helleborus niger 6C Mental stress Ignatia amara 6C ... GUNA-SLEEP avena sativa flowering top - canakinumab - chamomile - helleborus niger root - melatonin - melissa officinalis - ... GUNA-SLEEP- avena sativa flowering top - canakinumab - chamomile - helleborus niger root - melatonin - melissa officinalis - ...
New research shows how sleep might be restorative, literally clearing the mind. ... In a series of experiments, researchers tested the hypothesis that Aβ clearance is increased during sleep and that the sleep- ... Scientists have long wondered why sleep is restorative and why lack of sleep impairs brain function. ... Dye flows through the brain of a sleeping mouse. Courtesy of Nedergaard Lab, University of Rochester Medical Center. ...
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... Do you find it hard to get to sleep or sleep through the night, or do you often wake up feeling groggy and unrefreshed? ... This program is ideal if you need to improve sleep patterns; restore energy levels; de-stress; establish a sustainable sleep ... Gives you some handy intel on your current sleep patterns through a complimentary two-night sleep tracker and analysis ... Keeps you away from adding unwanted pounds (as lack of sleep reduces your ability to fight those late night cravings) ...
An iPhone app cant help with how much sleep people get, but it can help wake them up. ...
  • Sleep tests can help your doctor diagnose sleep-related breathing disorders such as sleep apnea , sleep-related seizure disorders, sleep-related movement disorders, and sleep disorders that cause extreme daytime tiredness such as narcolepsy . (nih.gov)
  • What is sleep apnea? (nih.gov)
  • Sleep apnea is a common sleep disorder characterized by brief interruptions of breathing during sleep. (nih.gov)
  • People with sleep apnea will partially awaken as they struggle to breathe, but they will not be aware of the disturbances in their sleep when they wake up in the morning. (nih.gov)
  • The most common type of sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), which is caused by relaxation of soft tissue in the back of the throat that blocks the passage of air. (nih.gov)
  • Central sleep apnea (CSA) is caused by irregularities in the brain's signals to breathe. (nih.gov)
  • Most people with sleep apnea will have a combination of both types. (nih.gov)
  • Not everyone who has these symptoms will have sleep apnea, but a visit to the doctor is recommended for people experiencing even a few. (nih.gov)
  • Sleep apnea is more likely to occur in males than females, and in people who are overweight or obese. (nih.gov)
  • There are a variety of treatments for sleep apnea, depending on an individual's medical history and the severity of the disorder. (nih.gov)
  • Some individuals may need a combination of therapies to successfully treat their sleep apnea. (nih.gov)
  • Left untreated, sleep apnea can be life threatening. (nih.gov)
  • Although there is no cure for sleep apnea, recent studies show that successful treatment can reduce the risk of heart and blood pressure problems. (nih.gov)
  • How can I or my loved one help improve care for people with sleep apnea? (nih.gov)
  • Consider participating in a clinical trial so clinicians and scientists can learn more about sleep apnea and related disorders. (nih.gov)
  • Where can I find more information about sleep apnea? (nih.gov)
  • In terms of sleep disorders, the most common are obstructive sleep apnea and insomnia. (nih.gov)
  • Black or African American, Hispanic or Latinx, and Asian populations suffer disproportionately from obstructive sleep apnea. (nih.gov)
  • Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder that happens when your breathing stops and starts while you slumber. (webmd.com)
  • Are There Different Types of Sleep Apnea? (webmd.com)
  • Central sleep apnea happens most often in people with neuromuscular disease such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, or Lou Gehrig's disease), those who've had a stroke , or in people with heart failure or other forms of heart , kidney , or lung disease . (webmd.com)
  • Complex sleep apnea syndrome. (webmd.com)
  • This condition, which doctors also call treatment-emergent central sleep apnea, happens when you have both obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. (webmd.com)
  • You usually won't notice your first symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea. (webmd.com)
  • People with central sleep apnea usually say they wake up a lot or have insomnia . (webmd.com)
  • How Do Doctors Diagnose Sleep Apnea? (webmd.com)
  • Your doctor will want to rule out any other possible reasons for your symptoms before they diagnose you with sleep apnea. (webmd.com)
  • These locations have low oxygen, which could cause symptoms of sleep apnea for a few weeks after traveling. (webmd.com)
  • They'll review your family's history for sleep apnea or other sleep disorders, whether you have a risk factor for the condition, and if you have any complications of undiagnosed sleep apnea (like atrial fibrillation, hard-to-control high blood pressure , or type 2 diabetes ). (webmd.com)
  • Your doctor will perform a physical exam on you to look for signs of other conditions that can heighten your risk for sleep apnea (like obesity , narrowing of the upper airways, large tonsils , or large neck circumference). (webmd.com)
  • They'll check your lungs , heart, and neurological systems to see if you have any common problems related to sleep apnea. (webmd.com)
  • They compared them with 22 age- and sex-matched people with a different sleep disorder, obstructive sleep apnea. (cbsnews.com)
  • Untreated sleep problems, especially sleep apnea, can increase the chances of obesity, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes. (nih.gov)
  • Create healthcare diagrams like this example called Sleep Apnea in minutes with SmartDraw. (smartdraw.com)
  • Some of these symptoms can overlap with other sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Sleep apnea is when a person's breathing stops and starts while they are sleeping. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Anyone who suspects they have sleep apnea should see a doctor for evaluation. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Others - Obstructive sleep apnea, narcolepsy and restless legs syndromes. (health.mil)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children is characterized by episodic upper airway obstruction that occurs during sleep. (medscape.com)
  • The clinical presentation of a child with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is nonspecific and requires increased awareness by the primary care physician. (medscape.com)
  • In the pediatric age range, abnormalities include oxygen desaturation under 92%, more than one obstructive apnea per hour, and elevations of ET CO 2 measurements of more than 50 mm Hg for more than 9% of sleep time or a peak level of greater than 53 mm Hg. (medscape.com)
  • Children and adolescents with significant sleep apnea should avoid eating large amounts just before bedtime. (medscape.com)
  • Three major components of obstructive sleep apnea have been identified: episodic hypoxia, intermittent hypercapnia, and sleep fragmentation. (medscape.com)
  • Habitual snoring without obstructive sleep apnea is more common and may also lead to sleep fragmentation. (medscape.com)
  • Both primary snoring and obstructive sleep apnea have been associated with poor quality of life and increased health care use in children. (medscape.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome was described more than a century ago, but obstructive sleep apnea in children was first described in the 1970s. (medscape.com)
  • Your doctor will review your sleep test results and develop a treatment plan for any diagnosed sleep disorder. (nih.gov)
  • This is the most common sleep disorder. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Some people who feel tired during the day have a true sleep disorder. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The symptoms of sleep disorders depend on the specific disorder. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Treatments for sleep disorders depend on which disorder you have. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Is It a Sleep Disorder or Not Enough Sleep? (nih.gov)
  • Some people who feel tired during the day have a true sleep disorder, but for others, the real problem is not allowing enough time for sleep. (nih.gov)
  • All of these people suffered an unusual sleep disorder in which they act out violent dreams. (cbsnews.com)
  • It's called REM-sleep behavior disorder, or RBD. (cbsnews.com)
  • A common disorder in which you do not breathe regularly while sleeping. (nih.gov)
  • An article in the journal Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience notes that symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) include difficulty in falling asleep and staying asleep, restless, unsatisfying sleep, and sleep disturbance. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Insomnia is a sleep disorder where a person cannot get to sleep or has difficulty staying asleep. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Adults can experience separation anxiety disorder, and the fear of separation can affect their abilities to sleep well. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Danish sleep researchers at the University of Copenhagen and the Danish Institute for Health Services Research have examined the socio-economic consequences of the sleep disorder hypersomnia in one of the largest studies of its kind. (scienceblog.com)
  • SLQ060 - Ever told by doctor have sleep disorder? (cdc.gov)
  • Lastly, chronic sleep deprivation has also been shown to make vaccines less effective, by reducing the body's ability to respond. (nih.gov)
  • These disorders and the sleep deprivation they cause can interfere with work, driving, social activities, and overall quality of life, and can have serious health implications. (nih.gov)
  • To learn more about healthy sleep and what happens when you don't get enough sleep, visit NHLBI's Your Guide to Healthy Sleep and What Are Sleep Deprivation and Deficiency? . (nih.gov)
  • The culture of "sleep machismo" normalizes and even glorifies sleep deprivation as a sign of mental strength, ambition, and dedication. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Many people are so chronically sleep-deprived that they do not recognize the signs of deprivation and even come to mistake these as being normal. (psychologytoday.com)
  • The results suggest that sleep deprivation may increase the risk for beta-amyloid build-up. (nih.gov)
  • The study adds to growing evidence that sleep deprivation can affect buildup of beta-amyloid in the brain. (nih.gov)
  • Less is known about the impact of sleep deprivation on beta-amyloid levels in people. (nih.gov)
  • Brain imaging after one night of sleep deprivation revealed beta-amyloid accumulation (red) in the hippocampus and nearby regions. (nih.gov)
  • The researchers scanned participants' brains after getting a full night's rest and after a night of sleep deprivation (about 31 hours without sleep). (nih.gov)
  • The scientists also found that study participants with larger increases in beta-amyloid reported worse mood after sleep deprivation. (nih.gov)
  • Even though our sample was small, this study demonstrated the negative effect of sleep deprivation on beta-amyloid burden in the human brain," Shokri-Kojori says. (nih.gov)
  • 2 Research in adults has shown that lack of sleep or lack of quality sleep increases a person's risk for high blood pressure, heart disease, and other medical conditions. (nih.gov)
  • The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a surgically implantable device, which is placed in the upper chest to monitor a person's respiratory signals during sleep and stimulate a nerve to stimulate and restore even breathing. (nih.gov)
  • Alzheimer's disease often affects a person's sleeping habits . (nih.gov)
  • Similarly, anxiety can affect a person's sleep. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • And before the coronavirus, millions of people suffered from sleep disorders like insomnia. (nih.gov)
  • Insomnia is one of the most common sleep disorders. (nih.gov)
  • February 16, 2009 - Sleep-seeking behavior to relieve pain may contribute to the development of insomnia in people with tension-type headache, according to the results of a study published in the February 15 issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine . (medscape.com)
  • Insomnia has been identified as a risk factor for tension-type headache, although the pathogenesis of sleep disturbance in this population is unclear," write Jason C. Ong, PhD, from Rush University Medical Center in Chicago, Illinois, and colleagues. (medscape.com)
  • Furthermore, the frequent use of sleep as a self-management strategy for pain is consistent with the hypothesis that sleep-seeking behavior might be a mediating factor in the development of insomnia among people with tension-type headache. (medscape.com)
  • The assessment of daytime napping behaviors among individuals who report insomnia and headaches might be particularly important for behavioral sleep interventions, and clinicians should be sensitive to the dilemma of managing pain and sleep disturbance," the study authors conclude. (medscape.com)
  • Medication, medical conditions, or sleep disorders can cause chronic insomnia. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Too much night-time street lighting strongly affects sleep habits and daytime functioning, a new study suggests. (medscape.com)
  • They asked participants about their sleep habits, including when they went to bed and how much sleep they got, during the week and on weekends. (medscape.com)
  • Participants reported on these sleep habits during the past week, past month, and past year. (medscape.com)
  • Visit the Center for Disease Control and Prevention to learn more about good sleep habits. (dhs.gov)
  • The sleep disorders section (variable name prefix SLQ) includes a limited number of questions on sleep habits and disorders. (cdc.gov)
  • The next set of questions is about your sleeping habits. (cdc.gov)
  • Read and share this infographic to get tips on how to get a good night's sleep. (nih.gov)
  • Getting a good night's sleep is one of the most important things you can do for your overall health and well-being. (wikihow.com)
  • The podcast, " A Better Night's Sleep " is a set of interviews with experts on all topics related to sleep such as sleepwalking, nightmares, parasomnias, etc. (health.mil)
  • I want to have a good night's sleep so I feel refreshed and energized the next day. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Of the participants living in area with high radiance, 16% were dissatisfied with their sleep quality or quantity compared with 7.2% in areas with low radiance, noted Dr Ohayon. (medscape.com)
  • Compared with the control group, the headache group had a significantly greater proportion of participants who reported sleep problems as a trigger of headaches, stress as a trigger of headache, and going to sleep as a strategy for dealing with pain. (medscape.com)
  • Research reported in the journal Current Biology in 2008 found that when asked to stay in bed for 16 hours in the dark each day for several days, younger people participants slept 9 hours on average while older people got 7.5 hours of shut-eye. (livescience.com)
  • To investigate the possible link between beta-amyloid and sleep in people, lead author Dr. Ehsan Shokri-Kojori, in a team led by Drs. Nora D. Volkow and Gene-Jack Wang of NIH's National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), used positron emission tomography (PET) to scan the brains of 20 healthy participants, aged 22 to 72. (nih.gov)
  • Beta-amyloid increased about 5% in the participants' brains after losing a night of sleep. (nih.gov)
  • However, new research from Brown University suggests that these performance gains occur only if participants follow up the task with sleep. (nih.gov)
  • As people age, they often get less sleep or spend less time in the deep, restful stage of sleep. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Sleep is a complex biological process that helps people process new information, stay healthy, and re-energize. (nih.gov)
  • Also, people who don't get enough sleep are more likely to become depressed, according to NHLBI. (nih.gov)
  • Some people find relief when using special pillows or devices that keep them from sleeping on their backs, or oral appliances to keep the airway open during sleep. (nih.gov)
  • From a sleep perspective, how is the COVID-19 pandemic affecting people? (nih.gov)
  • Music-assisted relaxation may be moderately beneficial in improving sleep quality in people with sleep problems, but the number of studies has been small. (nih.gov)
  • People with high light exposure slept an average of 402 minutes per night, compared to 412 minutes for people with low light exposure," said Dr Ohayon. (medscape.com)
  • Limitations of this study include secondary analyses from a primary study assessing psychophysiological correlates of people with headache, data unavailable for sleep-wake patterns or sleep quality, inability to generalize the findings to other types of headache, and unknown temporal relationship of headaches and sleep disturbance. (medscape.com)
  • In premodern times people slept differently, going to bed at sunset and rising with the dawn. (theatlantic.com)
  • In developing countries people still often sleep this way. (theatlantic.com)
  • In 2002, Carol Worthman and Melissa Melby of Emory University published a comparative survey of how people sleep in a variety of cultures. (theatlantic.com)
  • According to an article in Current Opinions in Psychiatry , about 90% of young people who struggle with anxiety report sleep problems. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A 2020 study in China of nearly 4,000 people aged 60 and older found that people with affected sleep quality and duration were at higher risk for anxiety. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Sleep helps people cope with stress, solve problems, and recover from illness or injury. (health.mil)
  • Most people don't remember sleep terrors when they wake up. (health.mil)
  • Some studies have suggested that older people need less sleep. (livescience.com)
  • And a study Feb. 1, 2010 in the journal Sleep concluded older people need less sleep . (livescience.com)
  • Experts generally agree that quality sleep is important, naps are good (though they can make night-time sleep harder to achieve), and that some people simply need less sleep . (livescience.com)
  • Can you speak to the role of disparities and sleep, and its interplay with COVID-19? (nih.gov)
  • So sleep disparities are clearly relevant to the pandemic. (nih.gov)
  • Additionally, the mental stress from COVID that we're all feeling is likely exacerbating existing sleep disparities, because disadvantaged groups are disproportionately affected by the virus for largely social reasons. (nih.gov)
  • NIMHD promotes research to understand the underlying social, cultural, environmental, or biological factors that contribute to sleep deficiencies among minority and health disparity populations and to understand how sleep deficiencies may lead to disparities in health outcomes. (nih.gov)
  • Yet the underlying factors and the mechanisms contributing to disparities in healthy sleep are not well understood. (nih.gov)
  • This initiative supports multidisciplinary research to understand the interplay of multiple factors and mechanisms that explain sleep disparities and their health consequences. (nih.gov)
  • Successful projects will examine etiology of disparities in sleep deficiencies through a socioecological framework using multi-level determinants, including individual, family/household, community, built environment, and health care factors. (nih.gov)
  • Signature Care Nighttime Sleep Aid Diphenhydramine HCl 50mg Berry - 12 Fl. (safeway.com)
  • Vicks ZzzQuil Liquid FREE OF Alcohol Soothing Berry Nighttime Sleep Aid - 12 Fl. (safeway.com)
  • Vicks ZzzQuil Nighttime Sleep Aid Liquid Calming Vanilla Cherry - 12 Fl. (safeway.com)
  • 2 Your environment can affect the quality of your sleep by causing disturbances that prevent you from sleeping through the night. (nih.gov)
  • Recently, researchers have found that antidepressants affect REM sleep. (cbsnews.com)
  • The researchers studied those who reported poor sleep quality and adjusted their results based on other possible risk factors, including socioeconomic status, health status, and social support. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • ANN ARBOR, Mich., Oct. 21 (UPI) -- U.S. researchers have directly linked higher grades with getting adequate sleep. (upi.com)
  • Researchers said those students reporting few nights of adequate sleep had a mean grade point average of 3.08 compared to 3.27 for those who reported no sleep deficiencies. (upi.com)
  • The researchers believe that reward (or anticipation of reward) reinforces neural circuits between reward and visual areas of the brain, and these circuits are then more likely to reactivate during sleep to facilitate task learning. (nih.gov)
  • Funding for research on sleep and the circadian biology of sleep disorders, including how the body regulates breathing during sleep, how sleep deficiencies affect the whole body, and what biomarkers can help assess sleep health. (nih.gov)
  • In the United States, 30% to 40% of adults and 40% to 70% of adolescents report sleep deficiencies annually. (nih.gov)
  • and investigating patient, clinician, and system/policy-level factors that predict outcomes for sleep deficiencies. (nih.gov)
  • But at this stage it is really impossible to separate out whether it is the antidepressants, the underlying psychiatric condition, or some completely unexpected thing that is causing the sleep behavior. (cbsnews.com)
  • The most common type of sleep studies record brain waves and monitor your heart rate, breathing, and the oxygen level in your blood during a full night of sleep. (nih.gov)
  • It's important to get enough sleep every night. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The most common types of sleep studies monitor and record data about your body during a full night of sleep. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Sleep consists of different stages that repeat several times each night. (nih.gov)
  • According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), many U.S. adults report that they don't get the recommended number of hours of sleep each night. (nih.gov)
  • And lack of natural light can reduce biological signals that are important for sleep at night. (nih.gov)
  • Someone with Alzheimer's may sleep a lot or not enough, and may wake up many times during the night. (nih.gov)
  • Adults need at least 7 to 8 hours of sleep each night to be well rested, but the average adult sleeps for less than 7 hours a night. (nih.gov)
  • But it gave me identical scores on a night I slept really well and on one when I slept horribly after a Homeland marathon. (popsci.com)
  • But it wasn't perfect, claiming 78 percent sleep efficiency* on the night I felt I slept the best and 90 percent when I had jet lag. (popsci.com)
  • I am now going on 1 hour of sleep since last night. (healingwell.com)
  • While the amount of sleep needed for good health and optimum performance mostly depends on the individual, experts suggest that adults function best when they get seven to nine hours of sleep each night. (health.mil)
  • In the United States, the average American sleeps less than the minimum seven hours of sleep per night recommended by the Centers for Disease Control, and nearly half of Americans report negative consequences from insufficient sleep. (psychologytoday.com)
  • President Donald Trump , for example, has boasted about getting less than four hours of sleep per night and regularly derogates President-elect Joe Biden as "Sleepy Joe. (psychologytoday.com)
  • The term "sleep machismo" refers to those who sleep less and so are deemed stronger and more masculine than those who obtain an adequate amount of rest each night. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Just because an individual enjoys sleep or requires the recommended amount of sleep each night in order to function does not make them lazy or weak. (psychologytoday.com)
  • And you should know that serious lack of sleep less than six or seven hours a night has been associated with increased risks of high blood pressure, hypertension, obesity, diabetes and cancer. (livescience.com)
  • How much sleep {do you/does SP} usually get at night on weekdays or workdays? (cdc.gov)
  • In a small study, losing just one night of sleep led to an increase in beta-amyloid, a protein in the brain associated with impaired brain function and Alzheimer's disease. (nih.gov)
  • Multiple sleep latency tests measure how quickly you fall asleep during a series of daytime naps and use sensors to record your brain activity and eye movements. (nih.gov)
  • Other types of sleep studies may check how quickly you fall asleep during daytime naps or whether you are able to stay awake and alert during the day. (medlineplus.gov)
  • If baby falls asleep in a sitting or carrying device, move them to their regular sleep space as soon as possible. (nih.gov)
  • Shift workers often work non-traditional work patterns, which can result in irregular sleep schedules, making it difficult to fall and stay asleep. (dhs.gov)
  • I have tried Sleep Tyme tea, Benadryl, etc but if I fall asleep then I cant seem to stay a sleep. (healingwell.com)
  • 2016). Prevalence of healthy sleep duration among adults â€" United States, 2014. (nih.gov)
  • Although adults may prefer soft surfaces for sleep, research shows that babies who sleep on top of soft surfaces or with items are at higher risk of SIDS and other sleep-related death. (nih.gov)
  • Room sharing means that baby sleeps in the same room as parents or adults, near or next to the adult bed, but in a separate sleep space that is made for infants (crib, bassinet, or portable play yard). (nih.gov)
  • DARIEN, IL - A study in the Oct. 15 issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine found that adults with fibromyalgia had a much higher prevalence and risk of restless legs syndrome than healthy controls. (scienceblog.com)
  • Sleep studies, also called polysomnography, are painless tests that measure how well you sleep and how your body responds to sleep problems. (nih.gov)
  • Sleep Studies and Polysomnography (PSG) refers to the continuous and simultaneous monitoring and recording of various physiological and pathophysiological parameters of sleep furnished in a sleep laboratory facility that includes physician review, interpretation and report. (cms.gov)
  • Babies should never sleep on an adult bed, couch, or armchair by themselves, with others, or with pets. (nih.gov)
  • Some data suggest that room sharing reduces the risk of SIDS by as much as 50% compared with sharing an adult bed with baby or sleeping in a separate room from baby. (nih.gov)
  • 2 Room sharing without bed sharing also reduces the risk of suffocation, strangulation, and entrapment, any of which can occur when a baby sleeps in an adult bed. (nih.gov)
  • These findings suggest that a bidirectional relationship between sleep disturbance and headache is present in this young-adult sample," the study authors write. (medscape.com)
  • Sleep disorders are conditions that disturb your normal sleep patterns. (medlineplus.gov)
  • I tried Sleep Cycle, which claims to record sleep patterns and sound a morning alarm within a 30-minute range when your sleep is lightest (for the least groggy start to the day). (popsci.com)
  • The amount of sleep you need depends on several factors, including your age, lifestyle, health, and whether you have been getting enough sleep recently. (medlineplus.gov)
  • To make a diagnosis, your health care provider will use your medical history, your sleep history, and a physical exam. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Not getting enough or enough quality sleep contributes, in the short term, to problems with learning and processing information, and it can have a harmful effect on long-term health and well-being. (nih.gov)
  • Sleep is important for good health. (nih.gov)
  • If you use a complementary approach for a sleep problem, tell your health care providers. (nih.gov)
  • Sleep is a basic human need, like eating, drinking, and breathing, and is vital to good health and well-being. (nih.gov)
  • Discuss concerns about the effects of shift work on your health with a health professional if you are having difficulty sleeping and to ensure you are staying healthy. (dhs.gov)
  • Good sleep is vital to good health. (health.mil)
  • The more days students get adequate sleep, the better GPAs they attain," study leader Dr. Ed Ehlinger of the University of Michigan's Boynton Health Service said in a statement. (upi.com)
  • But much about sleep's role in health, and the how much sleep each person needs, remains a mystery . (livescience.com)
  • Studies have shows that exposure to natural light and morning sunshine can improve your sleep and overall health. (msn.com)
  • This RFA, Sleep Academic Award, is related to the priority areas of heart disease and stroke, diabetes, chronic disabling conditions, mental health and disorders, and clinical prevention services. (nih.gov)
  • Have you/Has SP} ever told a doctor or other health professional that {you have/s/he has} trouble sleeping? (cdc.gov)
  • Sleep affects your mood. (nih.gov)
  • This can induce anxiety, which we know negatively affects sleep. (nih.gov)
  • While you are sleeping, you are unconscious, but your brain and body functions are still active. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Although you are resting while you sleep, your brain remains highly active. (nih.gov)
  • During sleep, the brain cycles through two distinct phases: rapid eye movement (REM) sleep and non-REM sleep. (nih.gov)
  • Sleep may also help your body clear toxins from your brain that build up while you were awake. (nih.gov)
  • Brain basics: Understanding sleep. (nih.gov)
  • During normal REM sleep, the brain shuts down the body's ability to move - except for eye movement and the muscles needed for breathing. (cbsnews.com)
  • Doctors have found there are some common brain pathways between sleep problems and anxiety. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The sleeping brain decides what's important to hold onto, and what can be let go of. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Studies suggest that sleep plays a role in clearing beta-amyloid out of the brain. (nih.gov)
  • Moreover, lack of sleep has been shown to elevate brain beta-amyloid levels in mice. (nih.gov)
  • This research provides new insight about the potentially harmful effects of a lack of sleep on the brain and has implications for better characterizing the pathology of Alzheimer's disease," says Dr. George F. Koob, director of NIAAA. (nih.gov)
  • Insufficient sleep can also make you more likely to take risks and make poor decisions, according to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). (nih.gov)
  • To learn more about sleep disorders, visit the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) website . (nih.gov)
  • Full Text HL-96-021 SLEEP ACADEMIC AWARD NIH GUIDE, Volume 25, Number 37, November 1, 1996 RFA: HL-96-021 P.T. 34 Keywords: Drugs/Drug Abuse Chemotherapeutic Agents National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Letter of Intent Receipt Date: December 9, 1996 Application Receipt Date: January 23, 1997 THIS RFA USES "JUST-IN-TIME" PROCEDURES. (nih.gov)
  • For instance, Black compared to white children have been shown to have a four to six times higher prevalence of sleep-disordered breathing. (nih.gov)
  • Racial/ethnic minorities and low socioeconomic status populations have the highest prevalence of sleep deficiency. (nih.gov)
  • 4 Other hormones produced during sleep affect how the body uses energy, which may explain why lack of sleep contributes to obesity and diabetes. (nih.gov)
  • Circadian rhythm disorders - problems with the sleep-wake cycle. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Melatonin supplements may be helpful for sleep problems caused by shift work or jet lag. (nih.gov)
  • According to an article in the journal Sleep , anxiety can cause problems with sleeping and vice-versa. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A person finds it difficult to control their worry and can experience physical manifestations, including problems sleeping. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Lack of sleep can lead to drowsiness, irritability, lack of concentration, memory and physical problems. (health.mil)
  • Sleep problems can often lead to experiences of anxiety and depression. (health.mil)
  • Likewise, having anxiety and depression can contribute to sleep problems. (health.mil)
  • The workshop provides a comfortable environment for parents to learn together how to gently solve their children's sleep problems. (constantcontact.com)
  • We'll address general education about sleep, the science and behavioral "must knows", including common problems, how to solve them and the secret to sleep success. (constantcontact.com)
  • Primary snoring can be caused by nose or throat conditions, sleep style (especially back sleeping), being overweight or of an older age, or the use of alcohol or other depressants. (webmd.com)
  • Relying on sedatives, alcohol , or sleep aids to get to sleep. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Dreams occur in the second half of the sleep cycle, during REM - rapid eye movement - sleep. (cbsnews.com)
  • Chronic, long-term sleep disorders affect millions of Americans each year. (nih.gov)
  • Some sleep outside, where it is cooler and the effect of sunlight on our circadian rhythm is more direct. (theatlantic.com)
  • Matthew Walker, the director of the UC Berkeley Center for Human Sleep Science, spoke to CBS News about the best ways to improve your circadian rhythm. (msn.com)
  • There is no fixed bedtime, and no one tells anyone else to go to sleep. (theatlantic.com)
  • But doctors should be aware of this, because except for those in the sleep field, a doctor would not likely make the link between an unusual sleep disturbance and a medication. (cbsnews.com)
  • Excerpts from a conversation between Dr. Marishka Brown at NIH and Dr. Chandra Jackson, an NIH expert on sleep. (nih.gov)
  • Before the pandemic, at least a third of Americans were not getting the recommended amount of at least seven hours of sleep per day. (nih.gov)
  • I was on 80 mg and never slept for more than a few hours. (healingwell.com)
  • I finally took a sleeping pill about 240am and was able to sleep about 4 hours. (healingwell.com)
  • They siad the fact that I am sleeping 8 hours and am being productive, going to work, feeling good, etc. is the purpose for taking them and not to feel guilty, so I feel better about taking it. (healingwell.com)
  • SLD010H - How much sleep do you get (hours)? (cdc.gov)
  • Impaired sleep has been associated with Alzheimer's disease. (nih.gov)
  • It's also important to note that the link between sleep disorders and Alzheimer's risk is thought to go both ways. (nih.gov)
  • So when you don't get enough quality sleep, it does more than just make you feel tired. (medlineplus.gov)
  • It can also increase the quality and length that you sleep. (wikihow.com)
  • Getting enough quality sleep is the most serious challenge shift workers face. (dhs.gov)
  • Getting good-quality sleep is essential for all shift worker's mental and physical wellbeing. (dhs.gov)
  • These can disturb your sleep or make it difficult to get quality sleep. (dhs.gov)
  • PURPOSE The primary objective of this initiative is to encourage the development and/or improvement of the quality of medical curricula, physician/patient/nurse and community education, and clinical practice for the prevention, management, and control of sleep disorders. (nih.gov)
  • A secondary objective is to promote high quality clinical research in sleep. (nih.gov)
  • Insufficient sleep can make you more easily annoyed or angry, and that can lead to trouble with relationships, particularly for children and teens. (nih.gov)
  • They make you unable to sleep and wake at the right times. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Yet on nights where my notes say I woke many times, the Up24 claims I slept soundly. (popsci.com)
  • At the effort's most taxing and difficult times, it even seemed a tad funereal, with witty, sharp-nerved, and restless guests mourning the loss of sleep, the common object of their ambivalent love. (chronicle.com)
  • Various forms of relaxation are sometimes combined with components of cognitive-behavioral therapy (such as sleep restriction and stimulus control), with good results. (nih.gov)
  • Uncovering the mechanisms of the reciprocal relationship between headache and sleep remains challenging, but identifying specific behavioral risk factors could provide targets for improving treatment in this comorbid population. (medscape.com)
  • Similarly, sleep surfaces that elevate both baby's head and feet, like a hammock, also increase the risk for positional asphyxia. (nih.gov)
  • 1 , 2 Sleep is important in the function of your body's other systems, such as your metabolism and immune system. (nih.gov)
  • Good sleep helps support the immune system. (nih.gov)
  • Research shows that room sharing reduces the risk of SIDS and sleep-related infant deaths. (nih.gov)
  • We performed the research for you and assembled all the most reliable tips for better sleep, including recommendations from experts at the National Sleep Foundation and Harvard Medical School. (wikihow.com)
  • According to research, 10-30% of the population do not sleep well. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Institutions may sponsor a candidate experienced in both medical education and clinical sleep research or a candidate experienced in clinical sleep research if supported by faculty with expertise in medical education. (nih.gov)
  • Individuals who have or have had another NIH career development award (K series) or a regular research grant (R01) are eligible for a Sleep Academic Award if the individual meets the requirements of the sleep Academic Award program. (nih.gov)
  • Sleep hygiene refers to setting up a sleep schedule, routine and environment to improve your chances for better sleep. (health.mil)
  • It is not uncommon to have a boss who barely sleeps and shames their employees for sticking to a healthy sleep routine. (psychologytoday.com)
  • But the notion that getting less than the recommended amount of sleep signals something positive about an individual is a cultural misstatement. (psychologytoday.com)
  • This can affect your sleep, lower the flow of oxygen to your vital organs, and lead to abnormal heart rhythms. (webmd.com)