A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
A stage of sleep characterized by rapid movements of the eye and low voltage fast pattern EEG. It is usually associated with dreaming.
Conditions characterized by disturbances of usual sleep patterns or behaviors. Sleep disorders may be divided into three major categories: DYSSOMNIAS (i.e. disorders characterized by insomnia or hypersomnia), PARASOMNIAS (abnormal sleep behaviors), and sleep disorders secondary to medical or psychiatric disorders. (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)
Disorders characterized by multiple cessations of respirations during sleep that induce partial arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. Sleep apnea syndromes are divided into central (see SLEEP APNEA, CENTRAL), obstructive (see SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE), and mixed central-obstructive types.
Disorders characterized by impairment of the ability to initiate or maintain sleep. This may occur as a primary disorder or in association with another medical or psychiatric condition.
Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.
A state in which there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
The measurement and recording of MOTOR ACTIVITY to assess rest/activity cycles.
Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.
A condition associated with multiple episodes of sleep apnea which are distinguished from obstructive sleep apnea (SLEEP APNEA, OBSTRUCTIVE) by the complete cessation of efforts to breathe. This disorder is associated with dysfunction of central nervous system centers that regulate respiration.
The regular recurrence, in cycles of about 24 hours, of biological processes or activities, such as sensitivity to drugs and stimuli, hormone secretion, sleeping, and feeding.
Disorders characterized by hypersomnolence during normal waking hours that may impair cognitive functioning. Subtypes include primary hypersomnia disorders (e.g., IDIOPATHIC HYPERSOMNOLENCE; NARCOLEPSY; and KLEINE-LEVIN SYNDROME) and secondary hypersomnia disorders where excessive somnolence can be attributed to a known cause (e.g., drug affect, MENTAL DISORDERS, and SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME). (From J Neurol Sci 1998 Jan 8;153(2):192-202; Thorpy, Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine, 2nd ed, p320)
A sleep disorder characterized by grinding and clenching of the teeth and forceful lateral or protrusive jaw movements. Sleep bruxism may be associated with TOOTH INJURIES; TEMPOROMANDIBULAR JOINT DISORDERS; sleep disturbances; and other conditions.
Dyssomnias (i.e., insomnias or hypersomnias) associated with dysfunction of internal sleep mechanisms or secondary to a sleep-related medical disorder (e.g., sleep apnea, post-traumatic sleep disorders, etc.). (From Thorpy, Sleep Disorders Medicine, 1994, p187)
Recording of the average amplitude of the resting potential arising between the cornea and the retina in light and dark adaptation as the eyes turn a standard distance to the right and the left. The increase in potential with light adaptation is used to evaluate the condition of the retinal pigment epithelium.
A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of SLEEP WAKE DISORDERS and their causes.
Sleep disorders characterized by impaired arousal from the deeper stages of sleep (generally stage III or IV sleep).
Rough, noisy breathing during sleep, due to vibration of the uvula and soft palate.
A condition characterized by recurrent episodes of daytime somnolence and lapses in consciousness (microsomnias) that may be associated with automatic behaviors and AMNESIA. CATAPLEXY; SLEEP PARALYSIS, and hypnagogic HALLUCINATIONS frequently accompany narcolepsy. The pathophysiology of this disorder includes sleep-onset rapid eye movement (REM) sleep, which normally follows stage III or IV sleep. (From Neurology 1998 Feb;50(2 Suppl 1):S2-S7)
Brain waves seen on EEG characterized by a high amplitude and a frequency of 4 Hz and below. They are considered the "deep sleep waves" observed during sleep in dreamless states, infancy, and in some brain disorders.
A common condition characterized by transient partial or total paralysis of skeletal muscles and areflexia that occurs upon awakening from sleep or less often while falling asleep. Stimuli such as touch or sound may terminate the episode, which usually has a duration of seconds to minutes. This condition may occur in normal subjects or be associated with NARCOLEPSY; CATAPLEXY; and hypnagogic HALLUCINATIONS. The pathophysiology of this condition is closely related to the normal hypotonia that occur during REM sleep. (From Adv Neurol 1995;67:245-271)
A series of thoughts, images, or emotions occurring during sleep which are dissociated from the usual stream of consciousness of the waking state.
A disorder characterized by episodes of vigorous and often violent motor activity during REM sleep (SLEEP, REM). The affected individual may inflict self injury or harm others, and is difficult to awaken from this condition. Episodes are usually followed by a vivid recollection of a dream that is consistent with the aggressive behavior. This condition primarily affects adult males. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p393)
Excessive periodic leg movements during sleep that cause micro-arousals and interfere with the maintenance of sleep. This condition induces a state of relative sleep deprivation which manifests as excessive daytime hypersomnolence. The movements are characterized by repetitive contractions of the tibialis anterior muscle, extension of the toe, and intermittent flexion of the hip, knee and ankle. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p387)
A technique of respiratory therapy, in either spontaneously breathing or mechanically ventilated patients, in which airway pressure is maintained above atmospheric pressure throughout the respiratory cycle by pressurization of the ventilatory circuit. (On-Line Medical Dictionary [Internet]. Newcastle upon Tyne(UK): The University Dept. of Medical Oncology: The CancerWEB Project; c1997-2003 [cited 2003 Apr 17]. Available from: http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/omd/)
Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
Drugs used to induce drowsiness or sleep or to reduce psychological excitement or anxiety.
Acquired or learned responses which are regularly manifested.
A biogenic amine that is found in animals and plants. In mammals, melatonin is produced by the PINEAL GLAND. Its secretion increases in darkness and decreases during exposure to light. Melatonin is implicated in the regulation of SLEEP, mood, and REPRODUCTION. Melatonin is also an effective antioxidant.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
A condition characterized by transient weakness or paralysis of somatic musculature triggered by an emotional stimulus or physical exertion. Cataplexy is frequently associated with NARCOLEPSY. During a cataplectic attack, there is a marked reduction in muscle tone similar to the normal physiologic hypotonia that accompanies rapid eye movement sleep (SLEEP, REM). (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p396)
A disorder characterized by aching or burning sensations in the lower and rarely the upper extremities that occur prior to sleep or may awaken the patient from sleep.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
A progressive advance or delay of bedtime until the desired bedtime is achieved.
The act of breathing with the LUNGS, consisting of INHALATION, or the taking into the lungs of the ambient air, and of EXHALATION, or the expelling of the modified air which contains more CARBON DIOXIDE than the air taken in (Blakiston's Gould Medical Dictionary, 4th ed.). This does not include tissue respiration (= OXYGEN CONSUMPTION) or cell respiration (= CELL RESPIRATION).
The measure of the level of heat of a human or animal.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Moving a retruded mandible forward to a normal position. It is commonly performed for malocclusion and retrognathia. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
A parasomnia characterized by a partial arousal that occurs during stage IV of non-REM sleep. Affected individuals exhibit semipurposeful behaviors such as ambulation and are difficult to fully awaken. Children are primarily affected, with a peak age range of 4-6 years.
Excision of the adenoids. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Surgical removal of a tonsil or tonsils. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A funnel-shaped fibromuscular tube that conducts food to the ESOPHAGUS, and air to the LARYNX and LUNGS. It is located posterior to the NASAL CAVITY; ORAL CAVITY; and LARYNX, and extends from the SKULL BASE to the inferior border of the CRICOID CARTILAGE anteriorly and to the inferior border of the C6 vertebra posteriorly. It is divided into the NASOPHARYNX; OROPHARYNX; and HYPOPHARYNX (laryngopharynx).
A fleshy extension at the back of the soft palate that hangs above the opening of the throat.
The processes whereby the internal environment of an organism tends to remain balanced and stable.
The front part of the hindbrain (RHOMBENCEPHALON) that lies between the MEDULLA and the midbrain (MESENCEPHALON) ventral to the cerebellum. It is composed of two parts, the dorsal and the ventral. The pons serves as a relay station for neural pathways between the CEREBELLUM to the CEREBRUM.
A movable fold suspended from the posterior border of the hard palate. The uvula hangs from the middle of the lower border.
Wave-like oscillations of electric potential between parts of the brain recorded by EEG.
Bouts of physical irritability or movement alternating with periods of quiescence. It includes biochemical activity and hormonal activity which may be cellular. These cycles are shorter than 24 hours and include sleep-wakefulness cycles and the periodic activation of the digestive system.
Bicyclic bridged compounds that contain a nitrogen which has three bonds. The nomenclature indicates the number of atoms in each path around the rings, such as [2.2.2] for three equal length paths. Some members are TROPANES and BETA LACTAMS.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
Disruptions of the rhythmic cycle of bodily functions or activities.
A method of mechanical ventilation in which pressure is maintained to increase the volume of gas remaining in the lungs at the end of expiration, thus reducing the shunting of blood through the lungs and improving gas exchange.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
The use of electronic equipment to observe or record physiologic processes while the patient undergoes normal daily activities.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
The muscles of the PHARYNX are voluntary muscles arranged in two layers. The external circular layer consists of three constrictors (superior, middle, and inferior). The internal longitudinal layer consists of the palatopharyngeus, the salpingopharyngeus, and the stylopharyngeus. During swallowing, the outer layer constricts the pharyngeal wall and the inner layer elevates pharynx and LARYNX.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The physical or mechanical action of the LUNGS; DIAPHRAGM; RIBS; and CHEST WALL during respiration. It includes airflow, lung volume, neural and reflex controls, mechanoreceptors, breathing patterns, etc.

Quantitative aspects in the assessment of liver injury. (1/4912)

Liver function data are usually difficult to use in their original form when one wishes to compare the hepatotoxic properties of several chemical substances. However, procedures are available for the conversion of liver function data into quantal responses. These permit the elaboration of dose-response lines for the substances in question, the calculation of median effective doses and the statistical analysis of differences in liver-damaging potency. These same procedures can be utilized for estimating the relative hazard involved if one compares the liver-damaging potency to the median effective dose for some other pharmacologie parameter. Alterations in hepatic triglycerides, lipid peroxidation, and the activities of various hepatic enzymes can also be quantitiated in a dose-related manner. This permits the selection of equitoxic doses required for certain comparative studies and the selection of doses in chemical interaction studies. The quantitative problems involved in low-frequency adverse reactions and the difficulty these present in the detection of liver injury in laboratory animals are discussed.  (+info)

Physiological properties of raphe magnus neurons during sleep and waking. (2/4912)

Neurons in the medullary raphe magnus (RM) that are important in the descending modulation of nociceptive transmission are classified by their response to noxious tail heat as ON, OFF, or NEUTRAL cells. Experiments in anesthetized animals demonstrate that RM ON cells facilitate and OFF cells inhibit nociceptive transmission. Yet little is known of the physiology of these cells in the unanesthetized animal. The first aim of the present experiments was to determine whether cells with ON- and OFF-like responses to noxious heat exist in the unanesthetized rat. Second, to determine if RM cells have state-dependent discharge, the activity of RM neurons was recorded during waking and sleeping states. Noxious heat applied during waking and slow wave sleep excited one group of cells (ON-U) in unanesthetized rats. Other cells were inhibited by noxious heat (OFF-U) applied during waking and slow wave sleep states in unanesthetized rats. NEUTRAL-U cells did not respond to noxious thermal stimulation applied during either slow wave sleep or waking. ON-U and OFF-U cells were more likely to respond to noxious heat during slow wave sleep than during waking and were least likely to respond when the animal was eating or drinking. Although RM cells rarely respond to innocuous stimulation applied during anesthesia, ON-U and OFF-U cells were excited and inhibited, respectively, by innocuous somatosensory stimulation in the unanesthetized rat. The spontaneous activity of >90% of the RM neurons recorded in the unanesthetized rat was influenced by behavioral state. OFF-U cells discharged sporadically during waking but were continuously active during slow wave sleep. By contrast, ON-U and NEUTRAL-U cells discharged in bursts during waking and either ceased to discharge entirely or discharged at a low rate during slow wave sleep. We suggest that OFF cell discharge functions to suppress pain-evoked reactions during sleep, whereas ON cell discharge facilitates pain-evoked responses during waking.  (+info)

Arousal from sleep shortens sympathetic burst latency in humans. (3/4912)

1. Bursts of sympathetic activity in muscle nerves are phase-locked to the cardiac cycle by the sinoaortic baroreflexes. Acoustic arousal from non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep reduces the normally invariant interval between the R-wave of the electrocardiogram (ECG) and the peak of the corresponding sympathetic burst; however, the effects of other forms of sleep disruption (i.e. spontaneous arousals and apnoea-induced arousals) on this temporal relationship are unknown. 2. We simultaneously recorded muscle sympathetic nerve activity in the peroneal nerve (intraneural electrodes) and the ECG (surface electrodes) in seven healthy humans and three patients with sleep apnoea syndrome during NREM sleep. 3. In seven subjects, burst latencies were shortened subsequent to spontaneous K complexes (1.297 +/- 0.024 s, mean +/- s. e.m.) and spontaneous arousals (1.268 +/- 0.044 s) compared with latencies during periods of stable NREM sleep (1.369 +/- 0.023 s). In six subjects who demonstrated spontaneous apnoeas during sleep, apnoea per se did not alter burst latency relative to sleep with stable electroencephalogram (EEG) and breathing (1.313 +/- 0.038 vs. 1.342 +/- 0.026 s); however, following apnoea-induced EEG perturbations, burst latencies were reduced (1.214 +/- 0.034 s). 4. Arousal-induced reduction in sympathetic burst latency may reflect a temporary diminution of baroreflex buffering of sympathetic outflow. If so, the magnitude of arterial pressure perturbations during sleep (e.g. those caused by sleep disordered breathing and periodic leg movements) may be augmented by arousal.  (+info)

Effects of truss mattress upon sleep and bed climate. (4/4912)

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a truss mattress upon sleep and bed climate. The truss mattress which has been designed to decrease the pressure and bed climate humidity was tested. Six healthy female volunteers with a mean age of 23.3 years, served as subjects. The experiment was carried out under two conditions: a truss mattress (T) and a futon (F) (Japanese bedding). The ambient temperature and relative humidity were controlled at 19-20 degrees C, and RH 50-60% respectively. Sleep was monitored by an EEG machine and the rectal temperature, skin temperature and bed climate were also measured continuously. Subjective evaluations of bed and sleep were obtained before and after the recording sessions. No significant difference was observed in the sleep parameters and time spent in each sleep stage. Rectal temperature was significantly lower in T than F. Although there was no significant difference in bed climate over the T/F, the temperature under T/F was significantly higher in T. No significant difference was observed in subjective sleep evaluation. The subjective feeling of the mattress was significantly warmer in F than T before sleep. These results suggest that although T does not disturb the sleep parameters and the bed climate is maintained at the same level as with F, it may affect rectal temperature which can be due to low thermal insulation.  (+info)

Effect of working hours on cardiovascular-autonomic nervous functions in engineers in an electronics manufacturing company. (5/4912)

A field survey of 147 engineers (23-49 years) in an electronics manufacturing company was conducted to investigate the effect of working hours on cardiovascular-autonomic nervous functions (urinary catecholamines, heart rate variability and blood pressure). The subjects were divided into 3 groups by age: 23-29 (n = 49), 30-39 (n = 74) and 40-49 (n = 24) year groups. Subjects in each age group were further divided into shorter (SWH) and longer (LWH) working hour subgroups according to the median of weekly working hours. In the 30-39 year group, urinary noradrenaline in the afternoon for LWH was significantly lower than that for SWH and a similar tendency was found in the LF/HF ratio of heart rate variability at rest. Because these two autonomic nervous indices are related to sympathetic nervous activity, the findings suggested that sympathetic nervous activity for LWH was lower than that for SWH in the 30-39 year group. Furthermore, there were significant relationships both between long working hours and short sleeping hours, and between short sleeping hours and high complaint rates of "drowsiness and dullness" in the morning in this age group. Summarizing these results, it appeared that long working hours might lower sympathetic nervous activity due to chronic sleep deprivation.  (+info)

Ethanol as a hypnotic in insomniacs: self administration and effects on sleep and mood. (6/4912)

The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of low ethanol doses on sleep and mood and to assess its reinforcing effects used as a hypnotic. Twenty healthy adults, aged 21-45 yrs, all moderate social drinkers, were studied: eleven subjects had insomnia and nine were normal sleepers, as documented by clinical polysomnography. On two sampling nights each, ethanol (0.5 g/kg) or placebo was administered before sleep in color-coded cups presented in three doses (0.2, 0.2, and 0.1 g/kg) separated by 15 min. On three subsequent nights subjects chose their preferred presleep beverage (0.2 g/kg ethanol or placebo) based on cup color and were given an opportunity for 3 additional refills (0.2 g/kg each) of the chosen beverage at 15 min intervals, yielding a total possible dose of 0.8 g/kg. Insomniacs chose ethanol 67% of nights and normals 22%. Insomniacs chose significantly more ethanol refills than normals for an average nightly dose of 0.45 g/kg and normals took significantly more placebo refills. On the sampling nights 0.5 g/kg ethanol reduced REM sleep for both groups for the 8-hr sleep period and in insomniacs increased stage 3-4 sleep and reduced stage 1 sleep during the first half of the night to the level seen in the normals. Other sleep variables were not altered in either group or halves of the night. Presleep improvements in the Profile of Mood States tension and concentration factors were also associated with ethanol administration. Thus, acutely, both sleep and mood effects appear to be associated with the reinforcing effects of ethanol as a hypnotic for insomniacs.  (+info)

Intrapreoptic microinjection of GHRH or its antagonist alters sleep in rats. (7/4912)

Previous reports indicate that growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) is involved in sleep regulation. The site of action mediating the nonrapid eye movement sleep (NREMS)-promoting effects of GHRH is not known, but it is independent from the pituitary. GHRH (0.001, 0. 01, and 0.1 nmol/kg) or a competitive antagonist of GHRH (0.003, 0.3, and 14 nmol/kg) was microinjected into the preoptic area, and the sleep-wake activity was recorded for 23 hr after injection in rats. GHRH elicited dose-dependent increases in the duration and in the intensity of NREMS compared with that in control records after intrapreoptic injection of physiological saline. The antagonist decreased the duration and intensity of NREMS and prolonged sleep latency. Consistent alterations in rapid eye movement sleep (REMS) and in brain temperature were not found. The GHRH antagonist also attenuated the enhancements in NREMS elicited by 3 hr of sleep deprivation. Histological verification of the injection sites showed that the majority of the effective injections were in the preoptic area and the diagonal band of Broca. The results indicate that the preoptic area mediates the sleep-promoting activity of GHRH.  (+info)

Energy intake, not energy output, is a determinant of body size in infants. (8/4912)

BACKGROUND: It has been proposed that the primary determinants of body weight at 1 y of age are genetic background, as represented by parental obesity, and low total energy expenditure. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine the relative contributions of genetic background and energy intake and expenditure as determinants of body weight at 1 y of age. DESIGN: Forty infants of obese and 38 infants of lean mothers, half boys and half girls, were assessed at 3 mo of age for 10 risk factors for obesity: sex, risk group (obese or nonobese mothers), maternal and paternal body mass index, body weight, feeding mode (breast, bottle, or both), 3-d energy intake, nutritive sucking behavior during a test meal, total energy expenditure, sleeping energy expenditure, and interactions among them. RESULTS: The only difference between risk groups at baseline was that the high-risk group sucked more vigorously during the test meal. Four measures accounted for 62% of the variability in weight at 12 mo: 3-mo weight (41%, P = 0.0001), nutritive sucking behavior (9%, P = 0.0002), 3-d food intake (8%, P = 0.0002), and male sex (3%, P = 0.05). Food intake and sucking behavior at 3 mo accounted for similar amounts of variability in weight-for-length, body fat, fat-free mass, and skinfold thickness at 12 mo. Contrary to expectations, neither total nor sleeping energy expenditure at 3 mo nor maternal obesity contributed to measures of body size at 12 mo. CONCLUSIONS: Energy intake contributes significantly to measures of body weight and composition at 1 y of age; parental obesity and energy expenditure do not.  (+info)

Deep sleep is the most refreshing sleep, as subjectively described by people after they wake up. Unfortunately, the older we get the less deep sleep we get.. Deep sleep is stage 3 sleep (or stages 3 and 4 under the classification that includes a stage 4). On an EEG the voltage difference patterns over time show up as delta waves. This is also called slow-wave sleep to distinguish it from the fast-wave sleep of Stage 2. Deep, or heavy sleep, is so-called because it is more difficult to awaken people in this stage than in light sleep, and if woken suddenly from this stage, people have sleep inertia. People in deep sleep are less apt to wake in response to external stimuli than those in light sleep Sleepers in deep sleep move their bodies less than in light sleep, although more than in REM sleep. The restlessness of some sleepers that results in tangled-up bedding occurs in light sleep.. Deep sleep is a time of accelerated tissue repair. In growing children, this is a time of physical growth. Human ...
OBJECTIVES: To define normal values for total sleep time, sleep latency, sleep efficiency, sleep stages and sleeping positions in women and to investigate how sleep is affected by age, obesity, sleep apnea, smoking, alcohol dependency and hypertension. METHODS: In a population-based study, 400 Swedish women aged 20-70 years with over-sampling of snorers were investigated using overnight in-home polysomnography. All results are weighted. RESULTS: The mean normal total sleep time was 392 min, sleep latency 22 min and sleep efficiency 82%. Women spent 31 min in sleep stage 1, 244 min in stage 2, 41 min in stage 3/4 and 76 min in rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. They spent 41% of their sleep time in the supine position, 50% in the lateral position and 9% in the prone position. Multivariate analyses revealed that sleep efficiency was lower in older women and in women with hypertension. Sleep latency was short in women with severe sleep apnea and long in smokers, alcohol-dependent and hypertensive ...
Define late sleep. late sleep synonyms, late sleep pronunciation, late sleep translation, English dictionary definition of late sleep. late sleep. Translations. Spanish / Español: quedarse en cama. French / Français: grasse matinée. German / Deutsch: Ausschlafen. + 18 more languages
TY - JOUR. T1 - Poor sleep quality and obstructive sleep apnea in patients with GERD and Barretts esophagus. AU - Vela, M. F.. AU - Kramer, J. R.. AU - Richardson, P. A.. AU - Dodge, R.. AU - El-Serag, H. B.. PY - 2014/3/1. Y1 - 2014/3/1. N2 - Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) reduces sleep quality. Whether Barretts esophagus (BE) affects sleep differently is unknown. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) often coexists with GERD and may disrupt sleep; whether GERD reduces sleep quality independently of OSA is unknown. Our aims were to compare the effect of GERD and BE on sleep quality, and assess the impact of OSA on this association. Methods: Validated questionnaires for GERD symptoms, sleep quality, and OSA risk were prospectively administered to subjects undergoing upper endoscopy. GERD was defined by erosive esophagitis and/or reflux symptoms ,1/week. BE was defined histologically. Controls had normal endoscopy and were asymptomatic. Poor sleep quality was defined by a Pittsburgh ...
A Sleep Stage is one of five parts or stages of the sleep cycle based on the type of brain activity that occurs during the stage. In mammals and birds, sleep is divided into two broad types: rapid eye movement (REM) and non-rapid eye movement (NREM or non-REM) sleep. Each type has a distinct set of associated physiological, neurological, and psychological features. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) further divides NREM into three stages: N1, N2, and N3, the last of which is also called delta sleep or slow-wave sleep (SWS). Sleep proceeds in cycles of REM and NREM, the order normally being N1 → N2 → N3 → N2 → REM. There is a greater amount of deep sleep (stage N3) earlier in the sleep cycle, while the proportion of REM sleep increases later in the sleep cycle and just before natural awakening. The stages of sleep were first described in 1937 by Alfred Lee Loomis and his co-workers, who separated the different electroencephalography (EEG) features of sleep into five levels (A ...
We investigated the associations between sleep duration and CKD in a Korean adult population. Herein, sleeping more than 9 hours was significantly associated with CKD in women; however, sleep duration was not significantly associated with CKD in men.. In recent decades, the average sleep duration in most individuals has reduced, and many studies have investigated shorter sleep durations and their effects on health. In particular, the average sleep duration of Koreans was 7 hours and 49 minutes per day, which was the lowest among 18 OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) member countries [19]. Notwithstanding, epidemiological evidence of associations between sleep duration and CKD is insufficient. Previous studies reported that sleeping less than 5 hours was associated with proteinuria in the Japanese population [8,20] and higher risk of CKD among the shift workers [13]. More recently, an increasing number of studies have linked prolonged sleep duration with poor health ...
Some of the major health benefits of good sleep are as below -. A proper sleep is necessary for good eye sight (vision). If you do not sleep properly at night then you will have defective vision. Emaciation, weakness, impotency, sterility, lack of knowledge and death may be result of poor sleep. A good night sleep strengthens the presence of your mind and consciousness. It makes you feel energized and physically more alert. It enhances your memory and learning capacity. Getting adequate sleep will help you remember and process things better. Good sleep strengthens your immune system and makes you less prone to various illnesses. It reduces stress, tension and anxiety. A proper sleep allows your body to rest and relax. When your body lacks sleep it goes into a state of stress. Good night sleep helps to lose weight. Sleep deficient individuals are more likely to be overweight or obese. Good night sleep keeps your heart healthy. Lack of proper sleep has been associated with increasing blood ...
Some of the major health benefits of good sleep are as below -. A proper sleep is necessary for good eye sight (vision). If you do not sleep properly at night then you will have defective vision. Emaciation, weakness, impotency, sterility, lack of knowledge and death may be result of poor sleep. A good night sleep strengthens the presence of your mind and consciousness. It makes you feel energized and physically more alert. It enhances your memory and learning capacity. Getting adequate sleep will help you remember and process things better. Good sleep strengthens your immune system and makes you less prone to various illnesses. It reduces stress, tension and anxiety. A proper sleep allows your body to rest and relax. When your body lacks sleep it goes into a state of stress. Good night sleep helps to lose weight. Sleep deficient individuals are more likely to be overweight or obese. Good night sleep keeps your heart healthy. Lack of proper sleep has been associated with increasing blood ...
Sleep is under homeostatic control, but the mechanisms that sense sleep need and correct sleep deficits remain unknown. Here, we report that sleep-promoting neurons with projections to the dorsal fan-shaped body (FB) form the output arm of Drosophilas sleep homeostat. Homeostatic sleep control requires the Rho-GTPase-activating protein encoded by the crossveinless-c (cv-c) gene in order to transduce sleep pressure into increased electrical excitability of dorsal FB neurons. cv-c mutants exhibit decreased sleep time, diminished sleep rebound, and memory deficits comparable to those after sleep loss. Targeted ablation and rescue of Cv-c in sleep-control neurons of the dorsal FB impair and restore, respectively, normal sleep patterns. Sleep deprivation increases the excitability of dorsal FB neurons, but this homeostatic adjustment is disrupted in short-sleeping cv-c mutants. Sleep pressure thus shifts the input-output function of sleep-promoting neurons toward heightened activity by modulating ion
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) often report poor sleep quality, but they commonly exhibit OSA. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of OSA severity and of estimated glomerular filtration rate impairment on objective sleep quality in nondialyzed patients with CKD, defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73m². METHODS: Polysomnographic sleep characteristics were compared between patients with (n = 430) and without CKD (n = 6,639) in the European Sleep Apnea Database cohort. Comparisons were repeated in 375 patients with CKD and 375 control patients without CKD matched for sleep center, age, sex, and AHI, and in 310 matched CKD and non-CKD patients without psychiatric disturbances. RESULTS: Among all patients with and without CKD, total sleep time was similar but sleep stage N1 (median 8.7% [IQR 4.8-18.0] vs 6.7% [3.6-12.7], respectively) and sleep stage R (12.6% [6.8-17.7] vs 14.2% [8.8-19.8], respectively) significantly ...
Objective: We investigated sex differences in sleep and examined the association between objectively-measured sleep characteristics and weight gain among 54 black students at a historically black university in spring 2018. Methods: Participants wore a wearable tracker (Fitbit Alta) for an average of 68 days of sleep over the spring semester and 5.5 days of sleep over the spring break. They also completed a questionnaire. Results: Average sleep duration was 6 hours 35 minutes. More women had short sleep (< 7 hours / night) than men (92.1% vs 43.8%; p < .001). Women had shorter sleep (6 hours 24 minutes vs 7 hours 1 minute; p = .003), shorter naps (2 hours 4 minutes vs 2 hours 30 minutes; p = .043), and lower sleep efficiency (93.0% vs 94.1%; p = .048) than men. More women than men experienced weight gain (79.0% vs 68.8%, p < .05). We found an inverse relationship between sleep duration and weight gain in both sexes (r = -0.42, p < .05). Conclusions: Appropriate sleep and weight management should ...
The amount of sleep people require depends on many factors, including age, but experts agree that most adults need 7 to 8 hours of sleep a night. People who sleep for shorter or longer amounts of time may be at risk of developing memory problems, heart disease, obesity, and diabetes. The duration and timing of sleep are regulated by an interaction between the circadian pacemaker, or biological clock, and the sleep homeostat, which is an internal account of the amount of sleep a person has received recently. It is unknown whether there is a biological or genetic basis for the amount of sleep a person needs. This inpatient study will examine two extreme sleep groups: short sleepers who sleep 6.5 or less hours a night and long sleepers who sleep 9 or more hours a night. Participants will be exposed to identical sleep opportunities and living conditions. Using hormone analysis to examine participants circadian rhythms, researchers will evaluate the biological differences that people undergo during ...
DISCUSSION. The present study confirmed that poorer subjective sleep quality is related to greater unstimulated sexual arousal, and that this relation was mostly driven by men with higher T levels and women with higher T levels not taking oral contraception. These findings extend previous ones showing that 1) severity of womens subjective sleep problems correlated with greater fantasy-induced subjective sexual arousal25, 2) perceived genital arousal was greater, when the duration of sleep was shorter in the previous night26, and 3) sleep deprivation in men increased erections in response to erotica23 and visual attention to images of women24. Our findings are also consistent with studies in male rats showing that unstimulated erections are facilitated by REM sleep deprivation11,12, a consequence of general sleep deprivation.. As predicted, severity of sleep problems correlated with unstimulated arousal only in the male and female groups with higher T levels. The facilitating role of T in ...
DISCUSSION. The present study confirmed that poorer subjective sleep quality is related to greater unstimulated sexual arousal, and that this relation was mostly driven by men with higher T levels and women with higher T levels not taking oral contraception. These findings extend previous ones showing that 1) severity of womens subjective sleep problems correlated with greater fantasy-induced subjective sexual arousal25, 2) perceived genital arousal was greater, when the duration of sleep was shorter in the previous night26, and 3) sleep deprivation in men increased erections in response to erotica23 and visual attention to images of women24. Our findings are also consistent with studies in male rats showing that unstimulated erections are facilitated by REM sleep deprivation11,12, a consequence of general sleep deprivation.. As predicted, severity of sleep problems correlated with unstimulated arousal only in the male and female groups with higher T levels. The facilitating role of T in ...
Our experiments aimed to investigate whether different degrees of mental activity have a distinct effect on recovery processes during subsequent sleep. Sleep EEGs of 13 subjects, experiencing different degrees of mental activity, were scored visually. Also, the amount of SWA in the sleep EEG was calculated. The results indicate that light and heavy mental activity do not differentially affect sleep stages except for wakefulness after sleep onset. Subjects were less often awake shortly after sleep onset following heavy workload than after light mental activity. However, SWA, an indicator of sleep depth, did not reveal any difference between the light (A) and heavy condition (B). Neither the total amount of SWA expressed during the night, nor the amount of SWA in the first 120 min of NREM sleep, when recovery processes supposedly peak, showed a difference between the conditions. Even when the time course of SWA during sleep was studied in detail, the nights following light and heavy mental ...
We suggest patients to do overnight sleep studies to diagnose sleep disorders such as sleep apnoea. The sleep study will determine the level of severity of sleep apnoea.. Other sleep disorders can be diagnosed through sleep study such as restless leg syndrome and insomnia.. The sleep study can be done in the hospital or in the home. The home sleep study gives patients the comfort of sleeping in a natural environment. However, in some complex cases we suggest the patient to do an overnight sleep test in a hospital.. After analysing the data by a sleep physician, based on the degree of sleep apnea we suggest the sleep appliance or CPAP machine.. ...
Healthy Sleep Habits What is normal sleep? The normal amount of sleep varies depending on the age of your child. Age Average nighttime sleep Average daytime sleep Newborns to 3 months eight to nine hours (waking through the night to feed) eight hours 6 to 12 months 10 to 12 hours (usually sleeps through the night) five hours 2 years 10 to 12 hours four hours (fewer naps after 12 months of age) 3 years 10 hours one hour 4 to 6 years 10 hours Usually no nap Helpful tips for healthy sleep habits The follow...
Our study demonstrated that 53 % of patients with COPD in our cohort had poor sleep quality (PSQI score , 5). A high prevalence of poor sleep quality in patients with COPD has been reported in previous studies [1, 2, 8]. In a recent real-world study, 78 % of patients with COPD reported night time disturbances as measured by the Jenkins Sleep Questionnaire [21]. In a telephone study, Ohayon reported COPD subjects had higher insomnia symptoms than non-COPD subjects (48.1 versus 27.6 % respectively) [22].. Our study also confirmed sleep disturbances, as well as cough and dyspnea, as major concerns in patients with COPD. Some researchers suggest that poor sleep quality might result in cognitive dysfunction, depression, anxiety, poor survival and poor quality of life [7]. Determining which factors are associated with sleep disturbances in patients with COPD may improve their treatment strategy.. A high prevalence of sleep symptoms among patients with COPD was discovered approximately thirty years ago ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Sleepiness, quality of life, and sleep maintenance in REM versus non-REM sleep-disordered breathing. AU - Chami, Hassan A.. AU - Baldwin, Carol M.. AU - Silverman, Angela. AU - Zhang, Ying. AU - Rapoport, David. AU - Punjabi, Naresh M.. AU - Gottlieb, Daniel J.. PY - 2010/5/1. Y1 - 2010/5/1. N2 - Rationale: The impact of REM-predominant sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) on sleepiness, quality of life (QOL), and sleep maintenance is uncertain. Objective: To evaluate the association of SDB during REM sleep with daytime sleepiness, health-related QOL, and difficulty maintaining sleep, in comparison to their association with SDB during non-REM sleep in a community-based cohort. Methods: Cross-sectional analysis of 5,649 Sleep Heart Health Study participants (mean age 62.5 [SD = 10.9], 52.6% women, 22.6% ethnic minorities). SDB during REM and non-REM sleep was quantified using polysomnographically derived apnea-hypopnea index in REM (AHIREM) and non-REM (AHINREM) sleep. Sleepiness, ...
Genes may play a significant role in how much sleep we need. Scientists have identified several genes involved with sleep and sleep disorders, including genes that control the excitability of neurons, and clock genes such as Per, tim, and Cry that influence our circadian rhythms and the timing of sleep. Genome-wide association studies have identified sites on various chromosomes that increase our susceptibility to sleep disorders. Also, different genes have been identified with such sleep disorders as familial advanced sleep-phase disorder, narcolepsy, and restless legs syndrome. Some of the genes expressed in the cerebral cortex and other brain areas change their level of expression between sleep and wake. Several genetic models-including the worm, fruit fly, and zebrafish-are helping scientists to identify molecular mechanisms and genetic variants involved in normal sleep and sleep disorders. Additional research will provide better understand of inherited sleep patterns and risks of ...
Becoming a parent is, without question, a major life event. Caring for your new baby is at once exciting, joyful, and exhausting. Now to help with your bundle of joy is this bundle of four indispensable books. The Essential Library for New Moms gathers top experts to answer all your questions, from sleeping to eating to health and wellness. HEALTHY SLEEP HABITS, HAPPY CHILD Marc Weissbluth, M.D. In this perennial favorite, Dr. Marc Weissbluth, one of the countrys leading pediatricians, shares his groundbreaking approach to solving and preventing your childrens sleep problems, from infancy through adolescence. Healthy Sleep Habits, Happy Child is a step-by-step resource for instituting beneficial behaviors within the framework of your childs natural sleep cycles. It includes information on the prevention and treatment of sleep problems, ways to naturally get your baby to fall asleep, help for working moms and children with sleep issues, the benefits and drawbacks of allowing kids to sleep in ...
Monitoring their sleeping patterns, researchers identified an increase in the duration and continuity of REM sleep and specific brain oscillations characteristic of REM sleep, whereas deep sleep, or non-REM sleep, did not change. The changes in REM sleep were very tightly linked to deficiency in the regulation of the stress hormone corticosterone. Mild stress also caused changes in gene expression in the brain. The first and most distinct consequence of daily mild stress is an increase in rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep, a new study in the journal PNAS reports. The research also demonstrated that this increase is associated with genes involved in cell death and survival. REM sleep, also known as paradoxical sleep, is the sleep state during which we have most of our dreams and is involved in the regulation of emotions and memory consolidation. REM sleep disturbances are common in mood disorders, such as depression. However, little was known about how sleep changes are linked to molecular changes in the
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Background A scientific understanding of the effects of seasonal changes on sleep duration and sleep problems such as insomnia and hypersomnia has yet to be elucidated; however, such an understanding could aid the establishment of an optimal sleep hygiene program to treat such problems. Methods We investigated the effects of seasonal changes on sleep duration and sleep problems in Japanese community residents. Data on 1,388 individuals aged 15-89 years who participated in the Survey of Seasonal Variations in Food Intakes conducted by the National Institute of Health and Nutrition of Japan (2004-2007) were analyzed. Participants completed a questionnaire including items on sleep duration and sleep problems (difficulty initiating sleep [DIS], difficulty maintaining sleep [DMS]/early morning awakening [EMA], and excessive daytime sleepiness [EDS]). Data were prospectively collected at four time points (spring, summer, fall, and winter). Results Seasonal changes in sleep duration were found, with the
Infant and maternal sleep in the postpartum are related, and influenced by the mothers understanding of infant sleep behavior, the environmental and social cues for sleep presented to the infant, development of the infants sleep physiology, maternal sleep habits and behaviors, and maternal feelings related to her sleep and her babys sleep. These factors may be modifiable through the use of behavioral-educational interventions. A randomized controlled trial design will be used to answer whether a behavioral-educational sleep intervention and support from a nurse in the immediate postpartum improves maternal and infant sleep 6 weeks later. Sleep-wake patterns will be analyzed through the use of actigraphy, a wristwatch-like device that measures sleep-wake activity. This is a pilot study which will test the usefulness and practicality of this type of program, so that a larger scale study can be developed ...
There are two ways to conduct a sleep study in order to obtain a diagnosis of sleep disordered breathing. Either a study done at a sleep lab or home sleep testing. A sleep study can be recommended by either a physician or in my case a dentist. Sleep studies are recommended after an interview with a patient that has yielded a high pre-test probability of having some form of sleep disorded breathing. Risk factors to name a few are as follows: Daytime sleepiness, disrupted sleep, habitual snoring, obesity, observed chocking and gasping, high blood pressure, acid reflux during sleep. These listed symptoms are some but not all of the negative health effects of sleep apnea. Outside of serious health conditions home sleep testing is appropriate for most people. If you would like to undergo a sleep study in the privacy of your home give my office a call today and be on your way to quality sleep and a healthier longer life. ...
Sleep plays an integral role in maintaining physical and mental health. Not getting enough quality sleep can interfere with a persons ability to store newly learned information, potentially leading to a negative impact on academic performance. In addition, sleep deprivation is associated with daytime sleepiness, depressed mood, impaired concentration and memory, and a weakened immune system. Practicing healthy sleep habits (also known as good sleep hygiene) can make a big difference in a persons quality of life. A considerable amount of research has demonstrated that practicing sleep hygiene strategies such as the ones listed below, improves sleep quality and prevents sleep disturbances among university students.. ...
Sleep is an essential part of good health, as important as a balanced diet and regular exercise. Unfortunately, most Americans view sleep as a waste of time. We as a society don t place enough value on sleep, says Steve Gardner, director of marketing for the Sleep Wellness Institute and executive director of the Reggie White Sleep Disorders Foundation.. Dr. Rose Franco, associate director of the Sleep Disorders Program at the Medical College of Wisconsin, says people don t make sleep a priority. We need to do a better job of making time to sleep, she says.. A study by the National Sleep Foundation indicates that 60 to 70 percent of the population in the United States doesn t get enough sleep at night. Adults need seven to nine hours of sleep every night, but most people average just six and one-half hours. When you don t get enough sleep, your body develops a sleep debt one of the hardest debts to repay, Gardner says. It keeps accumulating and you feel more and more exhausted.. Although ...
The objective of the study was to investigate whether school-aged children diagnosed with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) experience greater sleep disturbance than do normally-developing children. Participants included 33 parents and their children with ADHD (mean age = 10.7 ± 1.7 years) and 33 parents and their children without ADHD (mean age = 10.7 ± 1.6 years). Both parents and their children completed sleep questionnaires developed to assess a number of sleep variables. Based on parental report, the Total Sleep Disturbance score was significantly greater for the ADHD group than for the comparison group. Parents indicated that children with ADHD had significantly more disturbed sleep than did children without ADHD on 8 of the 10 sleep subscales of the Sleep Questionnaire for Parents. These were: Bedtime Resistance, Morning Difficulty, Parasomnias/Other Sleep Disturbance, Restless Legs Syndrome, Sleep Anxiety/Transitioning, Sleep Duration/Quality, Sleep Hygiene, and Sleep Onset.
Change in Breathing Pattern. Many theories state that the periodic breathing pattern, common during sleep at high altitude, is a potential cause of sleep disturbances. Periodic breathing is a form of Cheyne-Stokes respiration and reflects changes in neural signaling due to hypoxia and alkalosis during sleep.4 Hypoxia is a respiratory stimulant while alkalosis is a respiratory depressant.4 This mixed signaling is the source of the altered breathing during non-REM sleep encountered at altitudes over 2500 m. The frequency of periodic breathing during sleep increases as the altitude increases.3,4,7. Decreased Sleep Efficiency Compared with sea level, several studies have depicted that sleep at higher altitude is characterized by decreased sleep efficiency, prolonged superficial stages of sleep, and reduced stages of deep sleep.12 The image below is a qualitative representation of sleep structure recorded at sea level and at high altitude. The area encircled by the outer line reflects the time in ...
This third one is what I study. The synaptic homeostasis hypothesis is this idea that during the day, we make all these connections with the world around us. It used to be like, Dont go over there-the lions live there now. Now its like, What did Barbara say to me in the office? These excitatory connections we make during the day result in the neurons in our brains getting overall higher activation. Then during the nighttime when we sleep, we have a downregulating process where the things that didnt really matter to your survival sink to the bottom, and the things that are most relevant to your survival rise to the top. What deep sleep does is all the neural processing, and what REM sleep [rapid-eye-movement sleep] and light sleep do is basically integrate that into your long-term personality and understanding of the world. ...
How sleep can balance your hormones.. Are you getting enough? Think you can survive on 5-6 hours? There is strong evidence to say that anything less than 7 hours will have a dramatic impact on your immune system and affect your amygdala (a section of the brain that is responsible for detecting fear and preparing for emergency events) which in turn will affect your cortisol levels, making you age more rapidly and making you gain weight and throw other hormones out of whack - and these are just some of the examples!. On a basic level we sleep in 90 minute cycles which run from REM (rapid eye movement) to light sleep to deep sleep, with deep sleep generally coming at the end of the cycle.. During our light sleep we fall into a slow mantra*, a rhymic flow of data processing and compartmentalizing. This stage is particularly important for those with high blood pressure.. The part of sleep that eluded me the most over the past year was deep sleep. I was falling well below the amount I needed to get ...
There is no question that a cocktail or a glass of wine is relaxing at the end of a long day. You might even think that drinking alcohol helps you sleep.. While it is true that alcohol has a sedative effect which promotes sleep. What you might not know is that if you drink alcohol to help you sleep, you will not only get less sleep, but the quality of your sleep is significantly diminished.. Alcohol Interrupts Normal Sleep Rhythms. In a report released in 2004 by Science Daily.com, medical researchers at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center in San Diego, California studied the relationship between alcohol consumption and sleep in order to find out why alcoholics who have quit drinking return to alcohol to help them sleep.. Researchers saw that while the sedative effects of alcohol promote sleep, in the second half of sleep cycles, the brain waves involved in normal sleep rhythms are disrupted, resulting in poor sleep quality . Furthermore, the brain eventually builds up a tolerance to ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of sleep/wake state on arterial blood pressure in genetically identical mice. AU - Schaub, C. D.. AU - Tankersley, C.. AU - Schwartz, A. R.. AU - Smith, P. L.. AU - Robotham, J. L.. AU - ODonnell, C. P.. PY - 1998/7. Y1 - 1998/7. N2 - Genetic determinants may contribute to the large variability in arterial blood pressure responses to changes in sleep/wake state in humans. In this study, we developed techniques to examine the relationship between sleep/wake state and mean arterial pressure (MAP) in unrestrained, genetically identical mice (C57BL/6J; n = 9). The left common carotid artery was catheterized, and arterial blood gases were analyzed 24-48 h postsurgery to verify normal respiratory and metabolic function. The animals were then allowed to cycle naturally through sleep/wake states over a 3- to 4-h period while continuous polysomnography and arterial pressure measurements were made. The MAP decreased from quiet wakefulness to non-rapid-eye-movement sleep (9.8 ± 1.3 ...
This cohort study, including 1601 patients with CKD, revealed that short and long sleep duration (≤5.0 and ,8.0 hours) and poor sleep quality (PSQI global score ≥6) were significantly associated with higher incidence of ESKD. These results suggest that a quick assessment of self-reported sleep duration and sleep quality might be an easy and effective way to identify patients with CKD at high risk of ESKD. Advantages of this study included its prospective cohort design, the clinically relevant hard outcome of ESKD, and its large sample size (n=1601), which enabled us to perform statistically meaningful analyses to identify predictors of ESKD.. Although several cohort studies have reported that shorter sleep duration was associated with incidence of proteinuria (16) and GFR decline (17,18), mainly in subjects with normal kidney function, few studies have reported an association between sleep duration and incidence of ESKD. The Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC) study, a cohort study of ...
This is the first study to examine the long-term outcomes of sleep problems in a community sample of infants, together with the long-term impact of a behavioral sleep intervention on infant sleep problems. Sleep problems were identified in approximately one third of the 3- to 4-year-old children surveyed, all of whom had had significant sleep problems as infants. These children at 3 to 4 years were more likely to need an adult to nurse them to sleep. They also had higher Internalizing and Externalizing Scores and Aggressive Behavior and Somatic Problems subscale scores of the CBCL than children without sleep problems. Their mothers had higher EPDS scores as well as difficulties with their partner undermining the management of their child. Despite this, the children and their families were generally functioning well, and 69% of mothers reported that their childs sleep problem had resolved from infancy. The resolution of sleep problems in children who had received an infant sleep intervention was ...
In collaboration with Dr. Tarja Porkka-Heiskanen, we tested the role of nitric oxide (NO) in sleep homeostasis by using in vivo microdialysis to administer compounds into the rat basal forebrain that increase or decrease concentrations of NO. Consistent with our hypothesis, we found that nitric oxide production is required for the production of NREM recovery sleep following sleep deprivation. However, using specific inhibitors of nitric oxide synthases, we found that iNOS rather than nNOS produced the nitric oxide involved in homeostatic sleep regulation. The generation of NREM recovery sleep was tightly associated with increases in adenosine levels in the BF: when adenosine concentration was not elevated, recovery sleep was not induced while all cases of recovery sleep induction were preceded by adenosine increases. These results suggest that the elevation of NO in the BF during prolonged wakefulness is a specific mechanism for producing NREM recovery sleep. We are now interested in the ...
From $12.99 per page. if you want to attend, you must be how to write a research paper for english a sata member. it is a sleep apnea essay medical disorder in which the persons quantity, quality, or behaviors in sleep is interfered. one in five adults suffers from at least mild sleep apnea; it afflicts more men than women credible sources for research papers sleep apnea is a condition in which breathing is interrupted during sleep. sleep apnea cure cause and effect essay ask sleep apnea marriot hotel essay introduction cure sleep apnea essay cause and effect essay themselves (and google), and we can sleep apnea essay understand them. the dictionary defines sleep apnea essay sleep as apa doctoral dissertation the natural periodic suspension of consciousness during which the powers of the body are restored (websters 638) sleep apnea essay if one is waking up on an average of 300 times per night, the chances sleep apnea essay of complete body restoration are minimal. snoring is no laughing ...
Originally posted on The Saturday Evening Post. Getting a proper amount of sleep is important for maintaining good health. I sometimes have trouble sleeping, probably from that second glass of red wine at dinner and coffee afterwards. I usually fall asleep rapidly and then wake up three hours later and toss and turn, eventually falling back to sleep. My sleep pattern is not a healthy one, as recent evidence indicates.. In a study of 385,292 adult men and women initially free of cardiovascular disease in the United Kingdom, people whose sleep pattern was characterized by five factors below had about a third less risk of heart disease and stroke compared to those who reported none or only one of these healthy sleep patterns:. 1) being a morning person. 2) sleeping 7-8 hours per day. 3) never or rarely experiencing insomnia. 4) not snoring. 5) not experiencing frequent excessive daytime sleepiness. Healthy sleep behavior even reduced the risk of a genetic predisposition to heart disease for ...
Although the amount of sleep you get each day is important, other aspects of your sleep also contribute to your health and well-being. Good sleep quality is also essential. Signs of poor sleep quality include not feeling rested even after getting enough sleep, repeatedly waking up during the night, and experiencing symptoms of sleep disorders (such as snoring or gasping for air). Improving sleep quality may be helped by better sleep habits or being diagnosed and treated for any sleep disorder you may have.. ...
Get rid of your sleep apnea with only 15 minutes of daily fun training. With Silent Sleep Training®, you can train away obstructive sleep apnea and snoring and soon sleep without sleep equipment.. SWITZERLAND, October 23, 2020 /EINPresswire.com/ -- Silent Sleep Training® is now available in Europe and the U.S.A. with further countries to follow early 2021. The proven therapeutic approach alleviates and demonstrably eliminates obstructive sleep apnea and snoring by strengthening the throat muscles, as scientific studies at the University Hospital of Zurich have shown. Silent Sleep Training consists of a Medical Didgeridoo® and an app. This revolutionary therapeutic approach is being launched with an Indiegogo campaign at an introductory price. Sleep apnea is a dangerous and restrictive condition. Currently it is estimated that close to a billion people worldwide suffer from sleep apnea. Until now, many have had to put up with conventional sleep aids and sleep equipment - all without any ...
Study participants were 1,024 volunteers from the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study, a population-based longitudinal study of sleep disorders. Participants underwent nocturnal polysomnography and reported on their sleep habits through questionnaires and sleep diaries. Following polysomnography, morning, fasted blood samples were evaluated for serum leptin and ghrelin (two key opposing hormones in appetite regulation), adiponectin, insulin, glucose, and lipid profile. Relationships among these measures, BMI, and sleep duration (habitual and immediately prior to blood sampling) were examined using multiple variable regressions with control for confounding factors.. A U-shaped curvilinear association between sleep duration and BMI was observed. In persons sleeping less than 8 h (74.4% of the sample), increased BMI was proportional to decreased sleep. Short sleep was associated with low leptin (p for slope = 0.01), with a predicted 15.5% lower leptin for habitual sleep of 5 h versus 8 h, and high ghrelin ...
OBJECTIVE: Short and long sleep duration are associated with increased risk of clinical cardiovascular events, but the association between sleep duration and subclinical cardiovascular disease is not well established. We examined the association between sleep duration and sleep quality with coronary artery calcification (CAC) and with brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (PWV) in a large sample of young and middle-aged asymptomatic adults. APPROACH AND RESULTS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of adult men and women who underwent a health checkup examination, including assessment of sleep duration and quality and coupled with either CAC (n=29 203) or brachial-ankle PWV (n=18 106). The multivariate-adjusted CAC score ratios (95% confidence interval) comparing sleep durations of /=9 hours with 7 hours of sleep were 1.50 (1.17- 1.93), 1.34 (1.10-1.63), 1.37 (0.99-1.89), and 1.72 (0.90-3.28), respectively (P for quadratic trend=0.002). The corresponding average differences in ...
Our understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying sleep homeostasis is limited. We have taken a systematic approach to study neural signaling by the transmitter 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in drosophila. We have generated knockout and knockin lines for Trh, the 5-HT synthesizing enzyme and all five 5-HT receptors, making it possible for us to determine their expression patterns and to investigate their functional roles. Loss of the Trh, 5HT1a or 5HT2b gene decreased sleep time whereas loss of the Trh or 5HT2b gene diminished sleep rebound after sleep deprivation. 5HT2b expression in a small subset of, probably a single pair of, neurons in the dorsal fan-shaped body (dFB) is functionally essential: elimination of the 5HT2b gene from these neurons led to loss of sleep homeostasis. Genetic ablation of 5HT2b neurons in the dFB decreased sleep and impaired sleep homeostasis. Our results have shown that serotonergic signaling in specific neurons is required for the regulation of sleep ...
Sleep homeostasis depends on the length and quality (occurrence of stressful events, for instance) of the preceding waking time. Forced wakefulness (sleep deprivation or sleep restriction) is one of the main tools used for the understanding of mechanisms that play a role in homeostatic processes involved in sleep regulation and their interrelations. Interestingly, forced wakefulness for periods longer than 24 h activates stress response systems, whereas stressful events impact on sleep pattern. Hypothalamic peptides (CRH, prolactin and the CLIP/ACTH18-39) play an important role in the expression of stress-induced sleep effects, essentially by modulating REM sleep, which has been claimed to affect the organism resilience to the deleterious effects of stress. Some of the mechanisms involved in the generation and regulation of sleep and the main peptides/hypothalamic hormones involved in these responses will be discussed in this review.
Sleep Medicine is a relatively new field of medicine spanning multiple disciplines. The range of healthcare professionals involved in the management of sleep disorders includes Neurologists, Respiratory physicians, Psychiatrists, Psychologists, ENT surgeons, Sleep Technologists and Respiratory Therapists.. Sleep disorders are conditions occurring around and during sleep which disturb normal sleep. Sleep is an important time for rest and restoration of the mind and body. When sleep is disrupted, our health is impaired. Sleep disorders affect the brain and physical functioning, and often worsen existing conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, stroke and depression. People who do not get enough sleep are also at risk of more frequent accidents, and poorer performance at school or work.. People at risk for sleep problems include those with irregular work and sleep schedules, poorly managed stress, depression and anxiety, chronic pain, and diseases of the brain such as ...
The Sleep Center at Westchester Medical Center is a full-service, state-of-the-art laboratory equipped to treat a wide range of sleep disorders in both adults and children.. Nearly 1 in 10 people will experience a sleep disorder, with the majority going undiagnosed and untreated. Advances in sleep medicine and technology have made it possible to restore the good nights sleep that is fundamental to health and well-being. The Sleep Center at Westchester Medical Center is a full service, state-of-the-art laboratory equipped to treat a wide range of sleep disorders in both adults and children.. The Sleep Centers experienced team of adult and pediatric physicians and sleep specialists employ state-of-the-art technology to diagnose and manage a wide variety of sleep disorders. As part of a major academic medical center, the Sleep Center works in concert with on-site specialists in such adult and pediatric disciplines as neurology, sleep medicine, cardiology, otolaryngology, pulmonology and oral and ...
Sleep is an important factor in our health. Without the right amount of sleep, the body mechanisms fail to perform their functions due to fewer reactions of hormones leading to poorer health conditions as well as frequent illnesses. A maximum amount of 7 hours of sleep is needed four bodies to complete the 24-hour cycle.. An individual can go through stages of sleep such as mild sleep to deep sleep states, but in between the sleep cycles, there are sleep disorders than an individual might experience, yet be completely unaware of it. One of the most common talked sleep disorder that young adults and older persons face is the sleep Apnea sleep disorder than is followed with many other side effects in sleep duration as well as day to day life.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Factor analysis of the pittsburgh sleep quality index in breast cancer survivors. AU - Otte, Julie L.. AU - Rand, Kevin L.. AU - Carpenter, Janet S.. AU - Russell, Kathleen M.. AU - Champion, Victoria L.. PY - 2013/3/1. Y1 - 2013/3/1. N2 - Context: Sleep is a significant problem in breast cancer survivors (BCS) and measured frequently using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Thus, it is important to evaluate its factor structure. The two-process model of sleep regulation was the theoretical framework for this study. Objectives: To perform a confirmatory factor analysis of the PSQI in BCS and compare results between African-American and Caucasian BCS. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of cross-sectional data using local and regional health care facilities and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group referrals. The study included 1174 nondepressed BCS (90% Caucasian), with a mean age of 57 years and median PSQI global scores at the cutoff for poor sleep (median = 6.00, ...
Sleep quantity and quality are both important for optimal development and functioning during youth. Yet few studies have examined the effects of insomnia symptoms and objective short sleep duration on memory performance among adolescents and young adults. One-hundred and ninety participants (female: 61.6%) aged from 12 to 24 years completed this study. All participants underwent a clinical interview, a 7-day actigraphic assessment, a battery of self-report questionnaires and cognitive tests to assess working memory and episodic memory. Insomnia symptoms were defined as a score ≥ 9 on the Insomnia Severity Index, and objective short sleep duration was defined as average total sleep time less than 7 hr for those aged 12-17 years, and 6 hr for those aged 18 years and above as assessed by actigraphy. Insomnia symptoms were significantly associated with worse self-perceived memory (p | .05) and poorer performance on the digit span task (p | .01), but not the dual N-back task and verbal learning task. There
Gene targeted mice can be used as models to investigate the mechanisms underlying sleep regulation. Three commonly used background strains for gene targeting (129/Ola, 129/SvJ and C57BL/6J) were subjected to 4-h and 6-h sleep deprivation (SD), and their sleep and sleep EEG were continuously recorded. The two-process model of sleep regulation has predicted the time course of slow-wave activity (SWA) in nonREM sleep after several sleep-wake manipulations in humans and the rat [3] [9]. We tested the capacity of the model to predict SWA in nonREM sleep on the basis of the temporal organization of sleep in mice. The strains differed in the amount and distribution of sleep and the time course of SWA. After spontaneous waking episodes of 10-30 min as well as after SD, SWA was invariably increased. Simulations of the time course of SWA were successful for 129/SvJ and C57BL/6J, but were not satisfactory for 129/Ola. Since the time constants are assumed to reflect the dynamics of the physiological processes
A substantial body of literature supports the intuitive notion that a good nights sleep can facilitate human cognitive performance the next day. Deficits in attention, learning & memory, emotional reactivity, and higher-order cognitive processes, such as executive function and decision making, have all been documented following sleep disruption in humans. Thus, whilst numerous clinical and experimental studies link human sleep disturbance to cognitive deficits, attempts to develop valid and reliable rodent models of these phenomena are fewer, and relatively more recent. This review focuses primarily on the cognitive impairments produced by sleep disruption in rodent models of several human patterns of sleep loss/sleep disturbance. Though not an exclusive list, this review will focus on four specific types of sleep disturbance: total sleep deprivation, experimental sleep fragmentation, selective REM sleep deprivation, and chronic sleep restriction. The use of rodent models can provide greater ...
Sleep Apnea Screening. This month CNN.com had an article that was on screening for sleep apnea. The article discusses how sleep apnea cant usually be detected by doctors during routine office visits but screening from your dentist may help. Recent studies have shown that teeth grinding is a major indicator for obstructive sleep apnea. Dentists can screen for teeth grinding. The article clarifies that a dentist can tell you definitively if you grind your teeth or not but they do not diagnose sleep apnea. Medical specialists are the only medical providers who can officially diagnose and treat sleep apnea. The article highlights that sufferers of sleep apnea may never get the benefits of the deep sleep. Symptoms of untreated sleep apnea include feeling sleepy or tired during waking hours, grinding teeth and snoring. Sleep apnea is a condition that affects an estimated one in fifteen Americans, but often goes unnoticed. Sleep apnea can range from mild to severe. The most common sleep apnea is ...
Generally, poor sleep leads to lower pain thresholds and a lower pain threshold decreases sleep efficiency. Obstructive sleep apnea not only disrupts sleep but does so with repeated bursts of stress hormones and a drop in blood oxygen which can be quite significant.. Studies have shown a 55.4% prevalence of chronic widespread pain in patients with obstructive sleep apnea and a greater risk of chronic pain in female than in male patients. Female patients with obstructive sleep apnea and chronic pain have higher pain and disability levels and a lower quality of life. This seems in general agreement with anecdotal evidence.. So pain and sleep loss may contribute to one another. Experiencing chronic pain can lead to sleep deprivation, but sleep deprivation can also make pain symptoms worse. It becomes a chicken and egg situation where it may be difficult to determine which is causing which - most medical issues have a bi-directional component, simply put, both will influence the other to a degree. ...
Rapid eye movement sleep is maximal during early life, but its function in the developing brain is unknown. We investigated the role of rapid eye movement sleep in a canonical model of developmental plasticity in vivo (ocular dominance plasticity in the cat) induced by monocular deprivation. Preventing rapid eye movement sleep after monocular deprivation reduced ocular dominance plasticity and inhibited activation of a kinase critical for this plasticity (extracellular signal-regulated kinase). Chronic single-neuron recording in freely behaving cats further revealed that cortical activity during rapid eye movement sleep resembled activity present during monocular deprivation. This corresponded to times of maximal extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation. These findings indicate that rapid eye movement sleep promotes molecular and network adaptations that consolidate waking experience in the developing brain.. ...
Rapid eye movement sleep is maximal during early life, but its function in the developing brain is unknown. We investigated the role of rapid eye movement sleep in a canonical model of developmental plasticity in vivo (ocular dominance plasticity in the cat) induced by monocular deprivation. Preventing rapid eye movement sleep after monocular deprivation reduced ocular dominance plasticity and inhibited activation of a kinase critical for this plasticity (extracellular signal-regulated kinase). Chronic single-neuron recording in freely behaving cats further revealed that cortical activity during rapid eye movement sleep resembled activity present during monocular deprivation. This corresponded to times of maximal extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation. These findings indicate that rapid eye movement sleep promotes molecular and network adaptations that consolidate waking experience in the developing brain. ...
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BACKGROUND: Poor sleep quality (SQ) and daytime sleepiness (DS) are common in renal transplant (RTx) recipients; however, related data are rare. This study describes the prevalence and frequency of self-reported sleep disturbances in RTx recipients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 249 RTx recipients transplanted at three Swiss transplant centers. All had reported poor SQ and / or DS in a previous study. With the Survey of Sleep (SOS) self-report questionnaire, we screened for sleep and health habits, sleep history, main sleep problems and sleep-related disturbances. To determine a basis for preliminary sleep diagnoses according to the International Classification of Sleep Disorders (ICSD), 164 subjects were interviewed (48 in person, 116 via telephone and 85 refused). Descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data and to determine the frequencies and prevalences of specific sleep disorders. RESULTS: The sample had a mean age of 59.1 ± 11.6 years (60.2% male); mean time since ...
In the United States as many as forty million people suffer from chronic long term sleep disorders while as many as twenty million have occasional sleep disorders. Good health requires sleep, even though this phenomenon is not completely understood by scientists and medical professionals yet. Sleeps disorders have three major types and one of them is insomnia sleep disorder.. Insomnia is a very common sleep problem that is experienced by millions on occasion and it means a person is not able to fall asleep. A person with insomnia will have a disruption of normal daily life and they will often feel tired most of the time and end up worrying about their lack of sleep. Insomnia sleep disorder can be caused by a number of factors including excessive intake of caffeine or alcohol, emotional difficulties, stress and other underlying diseases. Lack of sleep isnt a disorder in itself, but it is an indication of inadequate sleep and can harm the immune system.. There are three categories of insomnia ...
Sleep research and sleep medicine have grown rapidly over the last thirty years, partly as a result of the discovery that REM (rapid eye movement) sleep coincided with dreaming and partly because of the discovery of sleep apnea (breathing stopping during sleep). Countries vary in how they deal with sleep disorders; in the U.S. sleep medicine is recognised as a field and it is looked after by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute; other medical specialities e.g. neurology, pulmonology, psychiatry, may be influential in other countries. The sleep disorders category is broadly divided into sub-categories that deal with the specific sleep disorders as well as the institutions that regulate, diagnose and treat these disorders. Sleep is affected by the brains biological clock and so is included in this category. Shift-work sleep disorder and jet-lag are well-known problems that reflect the activity of the biological clock. This category consists of some of the major omnibus sites (SleepNet,
Over 22 million Americans suffer from sleep apnea. The causes and intensity of symptoms of sleep apnea vary person to person, so its important to be aware of the treatment options available. Fortunately, Mercy Health has a new treatment for those who suffer from Obstructive Sleep Apnea called the Inspire Therapy.. Medical Director of Sleep Medicine Dr. Christopher Morgan stopped by to explain what sleep apnea is, what symptoms to look out for, and the technology behind new treatment options.. Obstructive sleep apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder, causing breathing to repeatedly stop and start during sleep. Symptoms include excessive daytime sleepiness, snoring, stopping breathing during sleep, insomnia, excessive nighttime urination, awakening with a dry mouth or sore throat, morning headache, high blood pressure and nighttime sweating.. Patients should treat their sleep apnea so they dont experience daytime fatigue and sleepiness, which can increase the risk for car accidents and ...
Not getting enough sleep can make you sick, according to a new study.. Writing in the journal Sleep, researchers from the University of Washington say sleep deprivation depresses the bodys immune system.. To reach their conclusions, the researchers studied 11 pairs of identical twins with differing sleep patterns and found that the twin who slept less had a depressed immune system. Researchers noted that genetics account for 31 and 55 percent of sleep duration, with behavior and environment making up the rest.. What we show is that the immune system functions best when it gets enough sleep. Seven or more hours of sleep is recommended for optimal health, said lead author Dr. Nathaniel Watson, co-director of the UW Medicine Sleep Center at Harborview Medical Center.. Researchers said existing data on limited sleep deprivation in a lab setting can increase inflammatory markers and activate immune cells, but that less is known about long-term sleep deprivation in natural conditions.. This ...
Waking up at night and feeling like you were unable to breathe properly is the symptom of sleep apnea. A person having sleep apnea is hardly aware of his problem, even during awakening. A person may be having symptoms present for years. Symptoms may be chronic and loud snoring, choking during sleep, and long pauses in breathing. Less common symptoms of sleep apnea are: headaches in the morning, dry mouth, restless. Further sleep apnea is divided in to two types, obstructive and central sleep apnea: In obstructive sleep apnea airway of throat can obstruct breathing during sleep. Central sleep apnea is less common type of sleep apnea ...
The primary findings of this study are (1) athletes need 8.3 hours of sleep to feel rested, (2) athletes typically obtain 6.7 hours of sleep, (3) the most sleep is obtained by athletes who fall asleep between 22:00 and 22:30 hours (7.2 h) or wake up between 09:00 and 09:30 hours (7.6 h), (4) athletes involved in team sports (6.9 h) obtain more sleep than athletes involved in individual sports (6.4 h), and (5) female athletes have an earlier habitual sleep onset time than male athletes. Importantly, only 3% of athletes obtain enough sleep to satisfy their self-assessed sleep need, and 71% of athletes fall short by an hour or more. Insufficient or inadequate sleep, defined here as a failure to meet a required sleep need on a regular basis, could have important consequences for an elite athlete, particularly in terms of their ability to train effectively and/or compete optimally.. The average subjective sleep need reported by elite athletes in this sample was 8.3 hours. Similar values have been ...
And Many Others……. Get a PDF Sample of Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Market Research Report. After the basic information, the Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Market report sheds light on the production. Production plants, their capacities, global production and revenue are studied. Also, the Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Market growth in various regions and R&D status are also covered.. Following are Major Table of Content of Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Industry:. • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Market Competition by Manufacturers. • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Production, Revenue (Value) by Region (2017-2022). • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Supply (Production), Consumption, Export, Import by Regions (2017-2022). • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Production, Revenue (Value), Price Trend by Type. • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Market Analysis by Application. • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Manufacturers Profiles/Analysis. • Medical Sleep Apnea Devices Manufacturing Cost Analysis. • Industrial ...
The results of this study in 2,872 subjects demonstrate that periodic limb movements in sleep are common in elderly men. Overall, we found a strikingly high prevalence of PLMS when using a PLMI threshold of 5 (71%) or 15 (60%). When using a PLMA threshold of 5 (27%) or 15 (6%) as a disease-defining metric, PLMS was common but less prevalent. Importantly, both metrics were associated with poorer sleep outcomes after multivariate adjustment for various possible confounders. A higher PLMA was consistently associated with more frequent arousals, lower sleep efficiency, and a pattern of altered sleep stages suggesting lighter sleep (more stage 1 and 2 and less stage 3-4 and REM). Except for stage 1, REM and sleep efficiency, similar findings were consistently observed for PLMI. These results suggest that leg movements that do not cause arousals as well as those that do cause arousals are associated with perturbed sleep quality, although on average, these associations are modest in this sample with ...
Sleep loss is both common and critically relevant to our society and might lead to the abuse of psychostimulants such as amphetamines, cocaine and modafinil. Since psychoactive substance abuse often occurs within a scenario of sleep deficit, the purpose of this investigation was to compare the sleep patterns of rats challenged with cocaine (7 mg/kg, ip), methamphetamine (7 mg/kg, ip), or modafinil (100 mg/kg, ip) subsequent to paradoxical sleep deprivation (PSD) for 96 h. Our results show that, immediately after 96 h of PSD, rats (10 per group) that were injected with a psychostimulant presented lower percentages of paradoxical sleep compared to those injected with saline (P , 0.01). Regarding slow wave sleep (SWS), rats injected with psychostimulants after PSD presented a late rebound (on the second night subsequent to the injection) in the percentage of this phase of sleep when compared to PSD rats injected with saline (P , 0.05). In addition, the current study has produced evidence of the ...
Context:. There is growing recognition that a large number of individuals living in Western society are chronically sleep deprived. Sleep deprivation is associated with an increase in food consumption and appetite. However, the brain regions that are most susceptible to sleep deprivation-induced changes when processing food stimuli are unknown.. Objective:. Our objective was to examine brain activation after sleep and sleep deprivation in response to images of food.. Intervention:. Twelve normal-weight male subjects were examined on two sessions in a counterbalanced fashion: after one night of total sleep deprivation and one night of sleep. On the morning after either total sleep deprivation or sleep, neural activation was measured by functional magnetic resonance imaging in a block design alternating between high- and low-calorie food items. Hunger ratings and morning fasting plasma glucose concentrations were assessed before the scan, as were appetite ratings in response to food images after ...
14% and 21% decrease in their respective global PSQI scores. The proportion of Virta patients characterized as poor sleepers decreased by 12% and 29% in the type 2 diabetes and prediabetes groups, respectively. Patients who continued their usual care had no significant changes in self-reported sleep.. Sleep has a substantial impact on the overall health of people with type 2 diabetes, said Dr. Christa Van Dort, Assistant Professor of Anesthesia at Harvard Medical School, the studys senior author. With that in mind, it is promising that the Virta Treatment improved patients subjective sleep as indicated by significantly lower global PSQI scores in addition to improving their diabetes.. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has declared insufficient sleep a public health epidemic. T2D and obesity are frequently associated with poor sleep quality as well as obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and improvement in sleep is associated with increased insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance ...
Far too many Americans dont get enough sleep. When we feel pressed for time and have too much to do, we often sacrifice hours of sleep in order to cope. Maybe youre someone who actually boasts about how little sleep you need each night. But many of us dont understand just how vitally important that sleep is to our overall well-being. In fact, long-term sleep deprivation can be toxic to our health.. Without enough hours of sleep, we may wake up a little cranky and less focused than usual. But consistently getting insufficient sleep has larger, very real consequences to our physical health, too. Here are some of the harmful effects that sleep deprivation can have:. Lowered Immune Response. Studies report that people who arent getting enough sleep are at an increased chance of getting sick after being exposed to a virus. A persistent lack of sleep reduces the production of cytokines which are a type of protein that targets infection and inflammation.. Increased Risk of Type 2 Diabetes. Skimping ...
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Orexins/hypocretins are orexigenic peptides implicated in the regulation of feeding behavior and the sleep/wake cycle. Little is known about the functioning of these peptides in anorexia nervosa (AN). The aims of the current study were to evaluate the extent to which orexin-A might be linked to sleep and treatment outcome in AN.METHOD: Fasting plasma orexin-A concentrations were measured in 48 females with AN at the start of a day hospital treatment and in 98 normal-eater/healthy-weight controls. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index was administered at the beginning of the treatment as a measure of sleep quality. Other psychopathological variables were evaluated with the Symptom Checklist-Revised (SCL90R) and the Eating Disorder Inventory-2 (EDI). Patients were assessed at the start and end of treatment by means of commonly used diagnostic criteria and clinical questionnaires.RESULTS: The AN patients presented more sleep disturbances and poorer overall sleep quality than did ...
Sleep apnea is a severe disorder that happens when your breathing is interfered with during sleep. If it goes untreated, you may stop breathing several times as you sleep. Unfortunately, this means that your brain, as well as other body parts, may not get adequate oxygen supply. In this article, we will look at everything you need to know about sleep apnea and what to do to ease the problem.. What is sleep, apnea?. It is a common, yet severe sleep disorder that makes breathing shallow, or stop entirely during sleep. Sometimes, the breathing pause may take about 10 seconds or more and may happen about 30 or more times in one hour. The involuntary pause can arise due to an obstructed airway (obstructive sleep apnea - OSA) or a signaling issue in the brain (central sleep apnea - CSA). The person involuntarily stops breathing continuously throughout sleep. Once the breathing signal is received, or the airway opens, the person may take a deep breath, snort or fully awaken with a choking, smothering, ...
This occurs occasionally in around 50% of normal subjects and frequently in around 6%, usually in adolescents and the elderly, especially with REM sleep rebound following sleep deprivation and jet lag following east-west travel which induces sleep-onset REM sleep. There is also a familial tendency to sleep paralysis.. Table 6.9 Differential diagnosis of cataplexy.. Sleep attack. Epilepsy, especially gelastic and atonic. Vertebro-basilar insufficiency. Cardiac dysrhythmias. Drop attacks. Myasthenia gravis. Periodic paralysis. Faints. Gelastic syncope Hysteria. Table 6.10 Differential diagnosis of vivid dreams in narcolepsy.. Sleep paralysis should be distinguished from the generalized fatigue on waking which is common in the chronic fatigue syndrome and depression and is due to a lack of motivation rather than true paralysis. This lasts longer than sleep paralysis and small movements, for instance of the fingers, are possible. Sleep paralysis may also be confused with atonic seizures, transient ...
Atrial fibrillation can be caused by sleep apnea therefore 100% of patients with SAtrial Fibrillation should be evaluated for sleep apnea. Patients with Atrial Fibrillation should be tested even if they have none of the commonly seen symptoms of apnea such as snoring, excessive tirednedd, weight gain or hypertension. Many patients have sleep apnea but do not fit picture often associated with apnea. Unfortunately while the percentage of patients with sleep apnea in cardiology offices may be as high as 70% it is estimated only 10-20% are ever diagnosed. I have recently created a new company Sleep Well Illinois to set up UNIVERSAL SLEEP APNEA SCREENING IN CARDIOLOGY PRACTICES AND INTERNAL MEDICINE OFFICES. https://www.sleepandhealth.com/node/653. Universal screening for sleep apnea can be done with a simple questionnaire and at risk patients can have a portable sleep test in the comfort of their own home in their own bed. Most patients have mild to moderate sleep apnea and do not require CPAP. ...
Safe T Sleep Sleepwrap Babywrap Swaddle CLASSIC Model. Safe T Sleep Sleepwrap Babywrap Swaddle: CLASSIC Model Fits: Bassinets, Cribs/Cots, and Standard Single Beds, for Babies, Help PLEASE! How to stop using Safe T Sleep - posted in Sleeping: My 8 month DS has been wrapped in his Safe T Sleep since around 2 months of age and it has been. Safe T Sleep, Classic model This made all of us sleep easy! Although the instructions say hand wash only I was it on gentle cycle and dry on low heat and it You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take Nytol (diphenhydramine (sleep Use Nytol (diphenhydramine (sleep aid) Follow all instructions closely.. Safe T Sleep Sleepwrap Classic Helps prevent flat heads, in combo with the little Safe T SleepHEADwedge, Safer co-sleeping, Allows natural, You must check to make sure that it is safe for you to take Nytol (diphenhydramine (sleep Use Nytol (diphenhydramine (sleep aid) Follow all instructions closely.. eco living friendly (elfbrands) green ...
To examine the effectiveness and safety of yoga of women with sleep problems by performing a systematic review and meta-analysis. Medline/PubMed, ClinicalKey, ScienceDirect, Embase, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Library were searched throughout the month of June, 2019. Randomized controlled trials comparing yoga groups with control groups in women with sleep problems were included. Two reviewers independently evaluated risk of bias by using the risk of bias tool suggested by the Cochrane Collaboration for programming and conducting systematic reviews and meta-analyses. The main outcome measure was sleep quality or the severity of insomnia, which was measured using subjective instruments, such as the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), or objective instruments such as polysomnography, actigraphy, and safety of the intervention. For each outcome, a standardized mean difference (SMD) and confidence intervals (CIs) of 95% were determined. Nineteen studies in this systematic
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Sleep disturbance is associated with the development of obesity, diabetes and hepatic steatosis in murine models. Hepatic triglyceride accumulation oscillates in a circadian rhythm regulated by clock genes, light-dark cycle and feeding time in mice. The role of the sleep-wake cycle in the pathogenesis of human non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is indeterminate. We sought to detail sleep characteristics, daytime sleepiness and meal times in relation to disease severity in patients with NAFLD. METHODS: Basic Sleep duration and latency, daytime sleepiness (Epworth sleepiness scale), Pittsburgh sleep quality index, positive and negative affect scale, Munich Chronotype Questionnaire and an eating habit questionnaire were assessed in 46 patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD and 22 healthy controls, and correlated with biochemical and histological parameters. RESULTS: In NAFLD compared to healthy controls, time to fall asleep was vastly prolonged (26.9 vs. 9.8 min., p = ...
During sleep, your body alternates between REM (rapid eye movement) and NREM (non-rapid eye movement) sleep. One cycle of REM and NREM sleep lasts about 90 minutes. NREM sleep occurs first and takes up to 75% of your overall sleep time. During NREM sleep, your body relaxes and restores itself. At the end of NREM, your sleep shifts to REM. Your eyes move quickly and dreams occur, but the rest of your body remains very relaxed. Your muscles are turned off during REM sleep. If you become aware before the REM cycle has finished, you may notice that you cannot move or speak ...
If youre a sleep deprived entrepreneur, who has tried every sleep hack in the book, you may want to consider turning to technology to aid you. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), insufficient sleep is becoming a public health dilemma. On the surface it may seem like a poor nights sleep just means feeling tired the next day-its far more serious than that, with insufficient sleep linked to motor vehicle crashes, workplace accidents, and chronic diseases like diabetes, depression, obesity, and high blood pressure. While sleep is essential for everyone, it is especially critical for entrepreneurs who need need it to maintain their performance and efficiency. Improving sleep means improving ones health and productivity, and there are many sleep tracking apps and sleep gadgets now available to promote sleep health. With so many options on the market, weve narrowed it down to our 7 favorite:. ...
Sleep apnea is a common disorder in which breathing stops during sleep for 10 seconds or more, sometimes more than 300 times a night. The hallmark of the disorder is excessive daytime sleepiness and compromised quality of life, including significant social and emotional problems. There are two main types of sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea may represent cessation of breathing due to mechanical blockage of the airway; central sleep apnea appears to be related to a malfunction of the brains normal signal to breathe. Symptoms of sleep apnea may include restless sleep, loud, heavy snoring (often interrupted by silence and then gasps), falling asleep while driving and/or during the day (at work, watching TV, etc.), morning headaches, loss of energy, trouble concentrating, irritability, forgetfulness, mood or behavior changes, anxiety or depression, obesity, and decreased interest in sex. Not all people with sleep apnea experience all of these symptoms and not everyone who has these symptoms ...
Snoring and Sleep Apnea are very often linked. Sleep Apnea Syndromes by nature affect how one breathes in sleep. Because of this, many peoples bed partners will have witnessed different breathing patterns that will result in further evaluation for sleep apnea conditions. Snoring is the most common respiratory disturbance in sleep. It results from a partial airway obstruction that serves as a whistle causing the snoring noises. Snoring however does not confirm Obstructive Sleep Apnea syndrome, however, as snoring can exist without any sleep disruption, apneas, or hypopneas. The important point is that if a partial obstruction exists and is causing snoring, then the same obstruction may be causing a sleep apnea condition.. Other breathing patterns that are described during sleep include actual periods where the individual is noted to pause in breathing. Also, gasping for air after a pause is common, and can be frightening for the observer. Noises can range from a soft snore to a coarse loud ...
Background: Short sleep duration has been linked to impaired glucose metabolism in many experimental studies. Moreover, studies have reported indications of an increased metabolic stress following sleep restriction. Objective: We aimed to investigate the effects of partial sleep deprivation on markers of glucose metabolism. Additionally, we aimed to investigate if short sleep duration induces a state of endocrine stress. Design: A randomized crossover design, with 2 experimental conditions: 3 consecutive nights of short sleep (SS, 4 h/night) and long sleep (LS, 9 h/night) duration. Subjects and Measurements: In 21 healthy, normal-weight male adolescents (mean +/- SD age: 16.8 +/- 1.3 y) we measured pre- and post-prandial glucose, insulin, C-peptide, and glucagon concentrations. Furthermore, we measured fasting cortisol, 24-h catecholamines, and sympathovagal balance. Results: Fasting insulin was 59% higher (P = 0.001) in the SS than the LS condition as was both fasting (24%, P , 0.001) and ...
Objectives - A retrospective study has been done at the Bethesda Childrens Hospital Epilepsy Center with those patients whose EEG records fulfilled in one or more records the criteria of electrical status epilepticus in slow wave sleep (ESES) pattern, occupying at least 75% of NREM sleep with bilateral discharges, and had detailed disease history and long term follow-up data, between 2000 and 2012. Patients and methods - Thirty-three patients (mean 11.1±4.2 years of age) were studied by 171 sleep EEG records. Sleep was recorded after sleep deprivation or during spontaneous sleep at least for one hour length of NREM. From the 492 EEGs, 171 sleep records were performed (average five/patient). Average follow-up time was 7.5 years. Eighty-two ESES records have been analyzed in 15 non-lesional and 18 lesional (11 with dysgenetic and seven with perinatal - asphyxic or vascular origin) patients. Variability of seizure types, seizure frequency and frequency of status epilepticus was higher in the lesional
Abnormal sleep may associate with cognitive decline in Parkinsons disease (PD). Furthermore, sleep dysfunction may associate with worse motor outcome. We hypothesised that PD patients with poor quality sleep would have greater progression in gait dysfunction, due to structural and functional overlap in networks subserving sleep and gait regulation. 12 PD patients and 12 age-matched controls completed longitudinal follow-up over 36 months. Poor sleep efficiency and greater sleep fragmentation correlated significantly with progression of step-width variability, a gait characteristic mediated by postural control, providing evidence that poor sleep in PD is associated with a more rapid deterioration in gait.. ...
Occasionally its possible to have sleep apnea prior to being conscious of it. Sleep apnea is significantly more serious than many realize. Severe sleep apnea can triple your odds of stroke.. Sleep Apnea is extremely common among American adults. It is a major sleep disorder wherein a person abruptly wakes up in the middle of sleep because of blockage in the airway. While its not normally thought of as a serious disease it can have a very negative impact on your life and,if left untreated,could lead to death. If youre aware that you have got sleep apnea,or even suspect that,then speak to your physician about assembling a sleep study so you can get fitted for a CPAP. Therefore,in case you have severe sleep apnea and other therapies have not helped,you want to be certain to speak with your healthcare provider about operation as a possible choice.. } Staying at a wholesome weight is 1 approach to reduce apnea. Sleeping apnea is just among the most frequently encountered problems prevailing around ...
Purpose: To investigate the effects of combined sleep hygiene recommendations and mindfulness on actigraphy-based sleep parameters, perceptual well-being, anxiety, and match outcomes during high-performance junior tennis tournaments. Methods: In a randomized crossover design, 17 high-performance junior tennis players completed the baseline, control, and intervention (INT) conditions across 3 separate weeks. The baseline consisted of unassisted, habitual sleep during a regular training week, and the control was unassisted sleep during a tournament week. The players attended a sleep education workshop and completed a nightly sleep hygiene protocol during a tournament week for the INT. Analysis was performed on the weekly means and on the night prior to the first match of the tournament (T-1). Results: Significant differences were observed for increased time in bed, total sleep time, and an earlier bedtime (P , .05) across the INT week. These parameters also significantly improved on T-1 of the ...
Sleep disorders are a risk factor for developing a variety of mental disorders, have a negative impact on their remission rates and increase the risk of relapse. Early identification and treatment of sleep disorders is therefore of paramount importance. Unfortunately, in mental health care sleep disorders are often poorly recognized and specific treatment frequently occurs late or not at all. This protocol-paper presents a randomized controlled trial investigating the clinical relevance of early detection and treatment of sleep disorders in mental health care. The two aims of this project are 1) to determine the prevalence of sleep disorders in different mental disorders, and 2) to investigate the contribution of early identification and adequate treatment of sleep disorders in individuals with mental disorders to their sleep, mental disorder symptoms, general functioning, and quality of life. Patients newly referred to a Dutch mental health institute for psychiatric treatment will be screened for sleep
Evidence-based assessment of the psychometric properties of available paediatric sleep instruments is needed (Lewandowski et al., 2011; Spruyt and Gozal, 2011). The current study examined the factor structure, internal consistency reliability and concurrent validity of the ASHS using a community-based urban sample of 16-19-year-old adolescents. The empirical factor structure of the revised 24-item scale (ASHSr) is largely consistent with the theoretically based structure proposed initially (LeBourgeois et al., 2005), with the exceptions that the cognitive and emotional domains were combined into one factor and a new behavioural arousal construct was identified. Internal consistency reliability of the ASHSr as well as concurrent validity with objective measures of sleep and convergent validity with behavioural outcomes indicate that the ASHSr has satisfactory psychometric properties for a research instrument to assess adolescent sleep hygiene.. Sleep hygiene was correlated modestly with objective ...
The power of music to aid sleep is evidenced in the existence of music for sleep CDs and radio stations. Despite their popularity, there is little evidence-based research on how sleep quantity or quality is impacted by music.. In particular, no study to date has combined music with sleep measures for long enough to be effective and most studies take place in hospitals not in peoples own beds.. Our research will redress this situation by first, carrying out a large-scale Internet survey on music and sleep, to determine how people are currently using music when they encounter sleep difficulties in their day-to-day life. Using the results of this survey we will then carry out an informed, long-term music for sleep intervention study in peoples own homes using new sleep monitoring technologies.. Our research team combines different expertise to explore new pathways to impact for music and sleep research. We also aim to train postgraduate students in the UK in the use of sleep technologies and ...
A hypnogram is a form of polysomnography; it is a graph that represents the stages of sleep as a function of time. It was developed as an easy way to present the recordings of the brain wave activity from an electroencephalogram (EEG) during a period of sleep. It allows the different stages of sleep: rapid eye movement sleep (REM) and non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREM) to be identified during the sleep cycle. NREM sleep can be further classified into NREM stage 1, 2 and 3. The previously considered 4th stage of NREM sleep has been included within stage 3; this stage is also called slow wave sleep (SWS) and is the deepest stage of sleep. Each of the three NREM stages as well as the period of REM sleep and the awake state can be determined and displayed on a hypnogram. Hypnograms are usually obtained by visually scoring the recordings from electroencephalogram (EEGs), electrooculography (EOGs) and electromyography (EMGs). The output from these three sources is recorded simultaneously on a graph ...
Our Childrens Sleep Disorders Program is the only program in Northwest Ohio to provide comprehensive diagnosis, treatment, consultation and referral for children with sleep disorders such as sleep apnea, sleepwalking, insomnia, disturbed sleep/wake rhythms, nocturnal seizures and bedwetting. Our team approach includes professionals in pediatric pulmonology, specialists in psychology and development, and pediatric sleep specialists.. Diagnostic Services. Polysomnographic evaluation at either the Mercy Health - St. Anne Sleep Center or the Mercy Health - St. Charles Sleep Center. Both Centers are fully accredited by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine insuring that they adhere to the highest standards of professional care ...
your life.. So what is the difference between snoring and and Apnea? Sleep Apnea is a breathing obstruction which would require the individual to wake up in order to breathe again. Snoring is just simply a loud noise a person makes while sleeping. If you experience sleep apnea, you would usually wake up at nights to regain breathing but have no recollection about them the next morning.. Common signs of this disease are disrupted breathing, gagging and gasping during sleep and frequent episodes of waking during the night. Usually a diagnosis is made after the bed partner provides the information to the doctor about the sleeping disorder so that the doctor can make a diagnosis on the individual.. During diagnosis, a doctor will perform an exam of your mouth and most likely recommend a sleep study at a clinic to do some monitoring.. The 3 types of sleep apnea that exist are: Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Central Sleep Apnea and Mixed Sleep Apnea.. Causes of this disorder are obstructed airways, chronic ...
All mammals sleep, but whales cannot afford to become unconscious for long because they may drown. While knowledge of sleep in ... A 2008 study found that sperm whales sleep in vertical postures just under the surface in passive shallow 'drift-dives', ... Sleep. Unlike most animals, whales are conscious breathers. ... toothed cetaceans in captivity have been recorded to sleep with ... leading to the suggestion that whales possibly sleep during such dives.[73] ...
Sleep disruption[edit]. Flight attendants often have disrupted sleep cycles. They are more likely to have disruptions in their ... "Lack of Sleep Increases Your Risk of Some Cancers - National Sleep Foundation". www.sleepfoundation.org. Retrieved 2019-04-05. ... There is some evidence linking sleep disruptions to increased cancer risk.[59] Flight attendants may also have different ... poor cabin air quality as well as disrupted sleep and meal cycles could be factors.[46] ...
Pain and sleep[edit]. Pain is common and may result from the inherent deficits associated with the condition, along with the ... There is also a high likelihood of chronic sleep disorders secondary to both physical and environmental factors.[38] Children ... Newman C.J.; O'Regan M.; Hensey O. (2006). "Sleep disorders in children with cerebral palsy". Developmental Medicine & Child ... sleep disorders, and mental health disorders, such as depression and anxiety.[43] In addition to these, functional ...
Sleeping. For some time researchers have been aware that pods of sperm whales may sleep for short periods, assuming a vertical ... A 2008 study published in Current Biology recorded evidence that whales may sleep with both sides of the brain. It appears that ... "Sperm Whales Sleep While 'Drifting' Vertically, Scientists Say (VIDEO)". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2013-02-08.. ... some whales may fall into a deep sleep for about 7 percent of the time, most often between 6 p.m. and midnight.[105] ...
Sleep disturbances[edit]. Another common and under-recognized cause of hypertension is sleep apnea,[54][55] which is often best ... Pack AI, Gislason T (2009). "Obstructive sleep apnea and cardiovascular disease: a perspective and future directions". Progress ... "Treating Obstructive Sleep Apnea Improves Essential Hypertension and Quality of Life". American Family Physician. 65 (2): 229- ...
Sleep during the day is shorter and less consolidated than night-time sleep.[8] Before a night shift, workers generally sleep ... An American Academy of Sleep Medicine report". Sleep. 30 (11): 1445-59. doi:10.1093/sleep/30.11.1445. PMC 2082098. PMID ... They are: circadian phase, sleep inertia, acute sleep deprivation and chronic sleep deficit.[28] ... predictable sleep routine, avoiding heavy foods and alcohol before sleep, and sleeping in a comfortable, cool environment. ...
Automatic Sleep Stage Classification using Ear-EEG. EMBC 2016. Orlando, Fl.. *^ Mikkelsen, Kaare (2017). "Automatic sleep ... Sleep monitoring[edit]. A promising use case is in long term sleep monitoring, where there is presently a need for a more user ... to Monitor Sleep Latency and the Impact of Sleep Deprivation". A80-C. NOVEL DIAGNOSTIC APPROACHES TO SDB. American Thoracic ... A Lightweight and Inexpensive In-ear Sensing System For Automatic Whole-night Sleep Stage Monitoring. 14th ACM Conference on ...
Sleep[edit]. See also: Psychological stress and Sleep. Sleep allows people to rest and re-energise for another day potentially ... "Sleep Science (Sao Paulo, Brazil). Sleep Science. 8 (3): 143-152. doi:10.1016/j.slsci.2015.09.002. PMC 4688585. PMID 26779321. ... If someone is stressed it is extremely important for them to get enough sleep so that they can think clearly.[citation needed] ... Studies have shown that exercise reduces stress.[65] Exercise effectively reduces fatigue, improves sleep, enhances overall ...
Sleep disorders[edit]. Armodafinil is approved by the U.S. FDA for the treatment of narcolepsy and shift work sleep disorder, ... and as an adjuvant therapy for obstructive sleep apnea.[8] For narcolepsy and obstructive sleep apnea, armodafinil is taken as ... For shift work sleep disorder, 150 mg of armodafinil are taken one hour prior to starting work. Slow dose titration is needed ... Armodafinil is currently FDA-approved to treat excessive daytime sleepiness associated with obstructive sleep apnea, narcolepsy ...
Sleep[edit]. Preliminary evidence from a 2012 review indicated that physical training for up to four months may increase sleep ... "Exercise training improves sleep quality in middle-aged and older adults with sleep problems: A systematic review". Journal of ... Buman, M.P., King, A.C. (2010). "Exercise as a Treatment to Enhance Sleep". American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine. 31 (5): 514 ... but there is insufficient evidence to draw detailed conclusions about the relationship between exercise and sleep.[80] A 2018 ...
Sleep[edit]. Some theories consider sleep to be an important factor in establishing well-organized long-term memories. (See ... In learning before sleep spindles are redistributed to neuronally active upstates within slow oscillations.[11] Sleep spindles ... The theory that sleep benefits memory retention is not a new idea. It has been around since Ebbinghaus's experiment on ... also sleep and learning.) Sleep plays a key function in the consolidation of new memories.[11] ...
Sleep. It has been suggested that shift work and exposure to bright light at night should be avoided at least during the last ... It is also during the third trimester that maternal activity and sleep positions may affect fetal development due to restricted ... "Association between maternal sleep practices and risk of late stillbirth: a case-control study". BMJ. 342: d3403. doi:10.1136/ ...
Lack of sleep[edit]. Sleep has a complex, and as yet not fully elucidated, relationship with mood. Most commonly if a person is ... "Sleep. 21 (6): 609-614. doi:10.1093/sleep/21.6.609. PMID 9779520.. CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link). ... Sleep and Mood. Get Sleep. April 30, 2012. http://healthysleep.med.harvard.edu/need-sleep/whats-in-it-for-you/mood ... People seem to experience a positive mood when they have a clean slate, have had a good night sleep, and feel no sense of ...
Effect of sleep deprivation[edit]. However, like most behaviors requiring arousal and wakefulness, aggression was found to be ... sleep-deprived male flies were found to be disadvantaged at mating compared to normal flies.[136] However, when octopamine ... this finding implicates the importance of sleep in aggression between male flies. ... "Sleep deprivation suppresses aggression in Drosophila". eLife. 4: e07643. doi:10.7554/eLife.07643. PMC 4515473. PMID 26216041 ...
National Sleep Foundation. "The Sleep disorders: Sleep Talking". National Sleep Foundation. Retrieved 1 July 2019.. ... "Sleep Talking". National Sleep Foundation.. *^ a b Reimao, Rubens; Lefévre, Antonio (1980). "Prevalence of Sleep-Talking in ... If the sleep-talking is dramatic, emotional, or profane it may be a sign of another sleep disorder. Sleep-talking can be ... Polysomnography (sleep recording) shows that episodes of sleep talking that can occur in any stage of sleep.[1] ...
Sleep, stress, and mood[edit]. Diurnal cycles of cortisol levels are found in humans.[4] In humans, the amount of cortisol ... Sleep deprivation[84]. *Intense (high VO2 max) or prolonged aerobic exercise transiently increases cortisol levels to increase ... Leproult R, Copinschi G, Buxton O, Van Cauter E (October 1997). "Sleep loss results in an elevation of cortisol levels the next ... or three to five hours after the onset of sleep. Information about the light/dark cycle is transmitted from the retina to the ...
Unconsciousness or sleep[edit]. In Hill v Baxter, Kilmuir, LC, articulated the necessity of eliminating automatism, defined as ...
Sleep is for the Week and Love Ire & Song (2005-2008)[edit]. Turner's first solo shows took place prior to the break-up of ... Turner's band, The Sleeping Souls,[62] (named after a lyric from "I Am Disappeared") consists of: *Ben Lloyd - guitar, ... 2.2 Sleep is for the Week and Love Ire & Song (2005-2008) ... On 27 July 2012, Frank Turner and the Sleeping Souls performed ... In the studio and during live performances, Turner is accompanied by his backing band, The Sleeping Souls, which consists of ...
Obstructive sleep apnea[edit]. Main article: Obstructive sleep apnea § Radiofrequency ablation. RFA was first studied in ... The clinical application of RFA in obstructive sleep apnea is reviewed in that main article, including controversies and ... "Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults: A Clinical Practice Guideline From the American College of Physicians". Annals ... obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in a pig model.[23] RFA has been recognized as a somnoplasty treatment option in selected ...
Sleep[edit]. Conscious breathing cetaceans sleep but cannot afford to be unconscious for long, because they may drown. While ... toothed cetaceans in captivity have been recorded to exhibit unihemispheric slow-wave sleep (USWS), which means they sleep with ... Sekiguchi, Yuske; Arai, Kazutoshi; Kohshima, Shiro (21 June 2006). "Sleep behaviour". Nature. 441 (7096): E9-E10. Bibcode: ... A 2008 study found that sperm whales sleep in vertical postures just under the surface in passive shallow 'drift-dives', ...
"Sleep Medicine (Review). 14 (3): 237-242. doi:10.1016/j.sleep.2012.09.018. PMC 3617579. PMID 23352028.. ... "Efficacy and safety of exogenous melatonin for secondary sleep disorders and sleep disorders accompanying sleep restriction: ... Melatonin reduces the time until onset of sleep and increases sleep duration in children with neurodevelopmental disorders.[21] ... doi:10.1093/sleep/28.10.1271. PMID 16295212.. *^ Terman MR, Wirz-Justice A (2009). Chronotherapeutics for Affective Disorders: ...
Sleeping carriages[edit]. In 1979 British Rail ordered 236 Mark 3 sleeper carriages.[31] Because of cost over runs partly ... Mark 3 sleeping cars are used on the overnight Caledonian Sleeper and Night Riviera services. ... Many former Mark 3 sleeping carriages were sold to railway preservation organisations for use as volunteer staff accommodation ... caused by more stringent regulations in the wake of the Taunton sleeping car fire the order was cut back to 207.[32] However ...
Sleep disorder. Sleep disorder: These conditions are associated with disruption to normal sleep patterns. A common sleep ...
Sleep duration[edit]. Short sleep duration is associated with high levels of ghrelin and obesity. An inverse relationship ... "Meta-analysis of short sleep duration and obesity in children and adults". Sleep. 31 (5): 619-26. doi:10.1093/sleep/31.5.619 ... Short sleep duration may also lead to obesity, through an increase of appetite via hormonal changes.[74] ... Lack of sleep increases ghrelin and decreases leptin, both of which result in increased hunger and obesity. ...
Making a sleeping bag[edit]. It was now apparent that the only way out was to climb over the mountains to the west. They also ... we could create an insulated sleeping bag large enough for all three expeditionaries to sleep in. With the warmth of three ... The survivors slept a final night in the fuselage with the search and rescue party. A second flight of helicopters arrived the ... It was still bitterly cold, but the sleeping bag allowed them to live through the nights. In the film Stranded, Canessa ...
These short periods of sleep consist of five minutes of slow-wave sleep, followed by five minutes of rapid eye movement sleep ( ... Horses can sleep both standing up and lying down. They can doze and enter light sleep while standing, an adaptation from life ... Horses sleep better when in groups because some animals will sleep while others stand guard to watch for predators. A horse ... Horses require approximately two and a half hours of sleep, on average, in a 24-hour period. Most of this sleep occurs in many ...
Food and sleep deprivation[edit]. A Ranger student's diet and sleep are strictly controlled by the Ranger Instructors. During ... with an average of 3.5 hours of sleep a day. Students sleep more before a parachute jump for safety considerations. Ranger ... Since food and sleep are at the bottom of the priorities of those in the infantry behind security, weapons maintenance, and ... along with standard sleep deprivation and continual physical strain, inhibit full physical and mental recovery throughout the ...
Months after wrapping To Have and Have Not, Bogart and Bacall were reunited for an encore: the film noir The Big Sleep (1946), ... The character of Queeg was similar to his roles in The Maltese Falcon, Casablanca and The Big Sleep-the wary loner who trusts ... in 1946's The Big Sleep), became the models for detectives in other noir films. His most significant romantic lead role was ... a few months after principal photography for The Big Sleep, their second film together, he divorced his third wife and married ...
Sleep disorders[edit]. *(G47) Sleep disorders *(G47.0) Disorders of initiating and maintaining sleep (insomnias) ...
Sleep hygiene[edit]. Main article: Sleep hygiene. Sleep hygiene is the recommended behavioral and environmental practice that ... Sleep hygiene recommendations include establishing a regular sleep schedule, using naps with care, not exercising physically or ... getting out of bed if sleep does not come, not using bed for anything but sleep and avoiding alcohol as well as nicotine, ... Other uses of the term appear in phrases including body hygiene, personal hygiene, sleep hygiene, mental hygiene, dental ...
... when recommendations were introduced to place babies on their back for sleep. However, since the late 1990s, declines have ... There have been dramatic improvements in reducing baby deaths during sleep since the 1990s, ... SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: Updated 2016 Recommendations for a Safe Infant Sleeping EnvironmentExternal. ... Supporting research to better understand sleep-related deaths and strategies to improve safe sleep practices. ...
How Long Will My Newborn Sleep?. Newborns should get 14-17 hours of sleep over a 24-hour period, says the National Sleep ... Each baby has a different sleep pattern. Some start to sleep "through the night" (for 5-6 hours at a time) by 2-3 months of age ... Overly tired infants often have more trouble sleeping at night than those whove had enough sleep during the day. ... How Should Babies Sleep?. During the first weeks of a babys life, some parents choose to room-share. Room-sharing is when you ...
... and its important to help them develop good habits for getting to sleep. ... Preschoolers sleep about 10 to 13 hours during each 24-hour period, ... This can help kids sleep better.. What if My Child Has Sleep Problems?. Its common for kids this age to not want to go to bed ... How Much Sleep Do Preschoolers Need?. Preschoolers need about 10 to 13 hours of sleep each day, including naps. Set regular ...
Learn the signs that point to this common and potentially serious sleep disorder and find out the treatments that can help you ... Obstructive sleep apnea Open pop-up dialog box Close Obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea ... Obstructive sleep apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder. It causes breathing to repeatedly stop and start during sleep. ... With obstructive sleep apnea, snoring usually is loudest when you sleep on your back, and it quiets when you turn on your side. ...
Now heres another good reason to get enough sleep: s... ... studies have showed that a lack of sleep impacts memory and ... "Insufficient sleep has become a worldwide epidemic. While chronic sleep deprivation has been linked to medical problems such as ... Now heres another good reason to get enough sleep: sleep deprivation also could cause your skin to age faster, according to a ... The classification was made on the basis of average duration of sleep and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, a standard ...
Phase I trials using Sleeping Beauty to generate CD19-specific CAR T cells. Partow Kebriaei,1 Harjeet Singh,2 M. Helen Huls,2 ... Sleeping beauty system to redirect T-cell specificity for human applications. J Immunother. 2013;36(2):112-123.. View this ... A new approach to gene therapy using Sleeping Beauty to genetically modify clinical-grade T cells to target CD19. Immunol Rev. ... Gene transfer into genomes of human cells by the sleeping beauty transposon system. Mol Ther. 2003;8(1):108-117.. View this ...
Tuck Sleep. , Sleep Resources. , Guide to Anxiety and Sleep. Guide to Anxiety and Sleep. Last Updated on October 27, 2017. ... Stages of Sleep and Sleep Cycles. Usually sleepers pass through five stages: 1, 2, 3, 4 and REM (rapid eye movement) sleep. ... Tips for Sleeping even with Anxiety. People with anxiety disorders are in particular need of sleep. Getting good rest at night ... People prone to sleep deprivation worry that they might not be able to sleep, perhaps based on past experience. That worry ...
These are just a few common symptoms of sleep apnea, and heres a guide for what you can do if you think you (or sleep next to ... Sleep on your side: About half of people who have sleep apnea have what is technically known as positional sleep apnea. That ... Atul Malhotra, the director of sleep medicine at the University of California San Diego. "With sleep apnea, your sleep gets ... Keep Reading about Sleep Apnea and Your Health. I Learned I Have Sleep Apnea. Its More Serious Than Many People Realize. June ...
But what about sleep? We spend about one-third of our lives asleep, and sleep is essential to better health. But many of us are ... Four out of five people say that they suffer from sleep problems at least once a week and wake up feeling exhausted. So how do ... Sleep Habits. The first step toward better sleep is better "sleep hygiene" - daily habits that train your body for sleep. ... Keep a Sleep Diary. Even if you think youre getting enough sleep, you may be surprised once you see your sleep patterns in ...
If you have snoring without sleep apnea, your doctor can give you a prescription for an oral sleep appliance. If you have sleep ... History of dental sleep medicine. Journal of Dental Sleep Medicine 2014;1(1):67-74.. Updated June 19, 2020. ... Dentists Treat Sleep Apnea, Too. Did you know that many dentists are trained to help treat and manage your snoring and sleep ... Certification in dental sleep medicine by a non-profit organization, such as the American Board of Dental Sleep Medicine (ABDSM ...
This article is about sleep in humans. For non-human sleep, see Sleep (non-human). For other uses, see Sleep (disambiguation). ... "Sleep. 32 (6): 6. doi:10.1093/sleep/32.6.747. PMC 2690561.. *^ Tassi, P; Muzet, A (2000). "Sleep inertia". National Center for ... REM sleep occurs as a person returns to stage 2 or 1 from a deep sleep.[1] There is a greater amount of deep sleep (stage N3) ... Sleep is divided into two broad types: non-rapid eye movement (non-REM or NREM) sleep and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Non- ...
Sleep consultants and Sleep Therapists from Dallas , Texas, Pennsylvania, California, Philadelphia, New York, Spain, UK, France ... Track 9: Sleep Deprivation and Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Sleep deprivation is the condition of not having enough sleep; it can ... Track 9: Sleep Deprivation and Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Sleep deprivation is the condition of not having enough sleep; it can ... Sleep Medicine 2015 Report Sleep Medicine 2015 Gallery Sleep Medicine 2015 Proceedings Sleep Medicine 2015 Conference ...
... I never heard of this disorder until a friend of mine told me had it. I became more interested in learning ... Reggie Whites Death Linked to Obstructive Sleep Apnea. Return to Goodnews UMM Health Homepage. Thank you for visiting my page ...
Sleep apnea, obstructive sleep apnea, obstruction of the airway during sleep, causing lack of sufficient deep sleep, often ... A sleep disorder, or somnipathy, is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person or animal. Some sleep disorders are ... Sleep medicine[edit]. Main article: Sleep medicine. Due to rapidly increasing knowledge about sleep in the 20th century, ... Sleep paralysis, characterized by temporary paralysis of the body shortly before or after sleep. Sleep paralysis may be ...
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Cant Sleep With Someone Else In Bed?. It goes without saying that proper sleep hygiene was already in place for me, but when ... A good nights sleep could be the secret to losing weight. A new study analyzed the sleep habits of 1,000 people and discovered ... A Sleep Scientist on the Vicious Cycle of Insomnia and Sleeping Pills. And why the current best treatment for sleeplessness is ... Sleep deprivation - not allowing someone to sleep for a set period of time - can quickly reduce symptoms of depression in about ...
Sleep Duration, Quality of Sleep, and Use of Sleep Medication, by Sex and Family Type, 2013-2014 ... Sleep Duration and Quality Among Women Aged 40-59, by Menopausal Status ... Percent of adults age 18 years and over who get insufficient sleep: 31.6% ... Percent of students in grades 9-12 who got insufficient sleep : 72.7% (2015) ...
Sleep. * The best pillows for a luxurious nights sleep By Jack Rear 5 Nov 2020, 4:29pm. ... My 24-hour sleep staycation at the Hotel Café Royal was a joy - but did it solve my lockdown insomnia? Could a pampering, sleep ... The Sleep Diet: Why what you eat affects how you sleep Nutritional therapist and author of Happy Gut, Happy Mind, Eve Kalinik, ... Sleep, stress, skin: John Lewis launches new inner beauty sector to address wellness concerns From aiding sleep to easing ...
Find resources to teach parents how to create safe sleep environments. ... Safe Sleep Campaigns Tennessee Safe Sleep. Large stickers of safe sleep messages distributed to clinics, stores, agencies, and ... Back to Sleep, Tummy to Play. Although babies should be placed on their backs to sleep, supervised tummy time is an important ... 2016 AAP Policy Statem​​ent: SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: Expansion of Recommendations for Safe Infant Sleeping ...
... and the recognition and management of common apnoeic and non-apnoeic sleep disorders is increasingly relevant to the clinical ... Obstructive sleep apnoea Central sleep apnoea Sleep studies Vascular risk Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) Non-CPAP ... Coronary heart disease incidence in sleep disordered breathing: the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study. Sleep. 2015;38:677-84. ... Role of surgery in adult obstructive sleep apnoea. Sleep Med Rev. 2014;18:405-13.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar ...
Safe-Sleep AAP.org > Advocacy & Policy > AAP Health Initiatives > Healthy Child Care America > Safe Sleep ... Back to Sleep, Tummy to Play - HealthyChildren.org American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) discusses safe sleep and tummy to play ... Safe Sleep for Babies - HealthyChildren.org Video - American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) video on safe sleep environments for ... The AAP Policy Statement SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: Updated 2016 Recommendations for a Safe Infant Sleeping ...
ANNALS OF SCIENCE about an English sleep laboratory. It is at Atkinson Morleys Hospital in Wimbledon, which specializes in ... Tells about sleep patterns. Writer gives details of watch Max. Then he gives details about having his own sleep monitored. He ... The sleep laboratory, under the aegis of Prof. A.H. Crisp, St. Georges chief psychiatrist, is one of the National Health ... Since long before he can remember, he has been rocking while he sleeps. Sometimes he rocks himself consciously in order to get ...
... insomniac Americans filled 47.8 million prescriptions for sleeping pills last year, spending $3.6 billion, or 30% more than the ... Patients on CBT slashed the time they spent tossing and turning in bed by a full hour; they also got more deep sleep, making ... Insomnia poses a vicious cycle for some patients: They cant sleep ?????? because they worry too much about the fact that they ... Ambiens effect faded when patients stopped taking it; patients on therapy were still sleeping better a year later, according ...
My dog sleep walking an ddreaming of llamas #37 - Most Responded (This Week) - Pets & Animals - United Kingdom #98 - Most ... Britney My Sleep Walking Sleep Running sleep Barking Dog says move over Bizkit - Duration: 3:17. bigcatfishin 110,091 views ... My dog sleep walking an ddreaming of llamas. #37 - Most Responded (This Week) - Pets & Animals - United Kingdom. #98 - Most ... Bizkit the Sleep Walking Dog horror movie - Duration: 1:14. MarinaHD2001 2,862,196 views ...
Oral appliance therapy has a definite role in the treatment of sleep apnea and snoring. Enough chewing from childhood or ... A combination of abnormal anatomy and physiology in the stomatognathic system is necessary to produce sleep-disordered ... Central sleep apnea is a disorder characterized by repeated apneic episodes during sleep that result from temporary loss of ... Treatment and Research of Sleep Apnea Syndrome‎ , ‎Neurophysiological Aspect of Sleep Apnea Syndrome‎ , ‎Electrophysiological ...
Someone is in bed, presumably trying to sleep. The top of each panel is a thought bubble showing sheep leaping over a fence.]] ... Image URL (for hotlinking/embedding): https://imgs.xkcd.com/comics/cant_sleep.png [[ ...
Sleep apnea is a common disorder that causes your breathing to stop or get very shallow while you sleep. Discover sleep apnea ... Getting a Diagnosis for Sleep Apnea (American Sleep Apnea Association) * Guide to Understanding Your Sleep Study (American ... Sleep Study (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish * What Are Sleep Studies? (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute ... Sleep Apnea (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research) * Sleep Apnea Information Page (National Institute of ...
Unfortunately, there doesnt seem to be anything wrong enough with my sleep that its obvious on a routine sleep test. I found ... poor sleep makes you depressed. So Im happy to report that Science™ has finally caught up with my uninformed prejudices: ... Sleep. Kevin DrumFebruary 22, 2009 6:23 PM *Share on Facebook ... Sleep disruption also bumps up stress hormone levels, which ... I used to look forward to sleep. It was relaxing; it was pleasant; it would make me feel better about the world. But its been ...
Vast in its intellectual scope, it should induce not so much sleep as controversy, whether literary or scientific, ... Newtons Sleep deals with the charges that science is spiritually empty and that art fails in its civilising mission by ... Vast in its intellectual scope, it should induce not so much sleep as controversy, whether literary or scientific, ... Times Literary Supplement Newtons Sleep examines the complementary roles of science and art in human life. Science has been ...
Learn about why you need sleep, how much you need, and how you can get better sleep. ... Sleep is critical to your health and well-being. ... Sleep and Women (American Academy of Sleep Medicine) * Sleeping ... Healthy Sleep Habits (American Academy of Sleep Medicine) * How Much Sleep Do I Need? (Centers for Disease Control and ... Sleep Health -- Healthy People 2020 (Department of Health and Human Services) * Sleep Tips: 7 Steps to Better Sleep (Mayo ...
  • Oral appliance therapy can help you and your bedpartner get a good night's sleep, and it will improve your health and quality of life. (aadsm.org)
  • The sleep cycle of alternate NREM and REM sleep takes an average of 90 minutes, occurring 4-6 times in a good night's sleep. (wikipedia.org)
  • A new study shows that putting pen to paper before bed can help you stress less and get a better night's sleep. (yahoo.com)
  • No one has failed to experience the overpowering urge to fall asleep after a disturbed night's sleep or after sleep was curtailed or deprived, especially when our daily activities impose restrictions on motor activity. (springer.com)
  • He learned that what he thought was a good night's sleep was anhour and a half shorter than usual & that for 11% of the time-43 minutes-he had been awake. (newyorker.com)
  • Chris Idzikowski, director of the Edinburgh Sleep Centre, said: "In sum, alcohol on the whole is not useful for improving a whole night's sleep. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Alcohol on the whole is not useful for improving a whole night's sleep,' said Irshaad Ebrahim, medical director of The London Sleep Centre, who conducted the review, along with colleagues. (livescience.com)
  • Getting a good night's sleep is key to performing at your best during the day. (webmd.com)
  • This interactive assessment will help you assess your sleep habits and sleep quality, and provide tips for improving your night's rest. (webmd.com)
  • If you snore loudly and feel tired even after a full night's sleep, you may have sleep apnea, a potentially serious sleep disorder. (healthfinder.gov)
  • This Ultrasonic Cool Mist Humidifier from Ovente.com makes all the difference - no more kicking your partner out of bed to get a good night's sleep. (buzzfeed.com)
  • Remember that a mattress is the foundation of a good night's sleep. (buzzfeed.com)
  • Though women may fare worse after a night's drinking, both men's and women's sleep will suffer, especially in the latter half of the night. (cnn.com)
  • Unfortunately, lots of things interfere with the quality of a night's sleep. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Do you find yourself agreeing with this, have you noticed that your bad night's sleep is leading to poor food choices? (slideshare.net)
  • When was the last time you had a good night's sleep? (slideshare.net)
  • To get a better night's sleep, try exercising regularly (but no later than 4-8 hours before your bedtime), avoiding alcohol, nicotine, and caffeine (for at least 2 hours before your bedtime), and doing something relaxing to wind down before bed. (sfu.ca)
  • Even if you feel like you need to spend that extra hour before bed cramming for your exam or preparing for your meeting the next day, you'll be better prepared, both physically and mentally, if you take that extra time and get a good night's sleep. (sfu.ca)
  • Getting a good night's sleep is the best way to avoid sleep paralysis, since such an episode is triggered by the person waking up before completing a REM cycle of the sleep state. (news-medical.net)
  • The idea is to associate being on the bed with a restful night's sleep. (news-medical.net)
  • If a full night's sleep isn't happening on a regular basis, older adults can benefit from daytime naps. (psychcentral.com)
  • NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Regularly feeling tired and worn out after a night's sleep was the strongest predictor of also developing widespread pain in a new study of UK adults over the age of 50. (reuters.com)
  • Jan. 21, 2004 -- Everybody feels refreshed following a good night's sleep. (go.com)
  • Learn 10 tips on how to get a good night's sleep and avoid sleep disorders such as insomnia. (medicinenet.com)
  • Fatigue is cumulative and it is estimated that missing the equivalent of one night's sleep is like having a blood alcohol concentration of about 0.1 - above the legal limit to drive. (washingtontimes.com)
  • During a night's sleep, a small amount of time is usually spent in a waking state. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many anxiety disorders negatively affect sleep-and vice versa. (tuck.com)
  • According to The Cleveland Clinic, two-thirds of patients referred to sleep disorders centers have a psychiatric disorder. (tuck.com)
  • Additionally, those who tend to worry too much are more vulnerable to sleep disorders. (tuck.com)
  • [1] It is distinguished from wakefulness by a decreased ability to react to stimuli , but more reactive than coma or disorders of consciousness , sleep displaying very different and active brain patterns. (wikipedia.org)
  • OMICS Group Conference series invites you to attend the 2nd International Conference on Sleep Disorders and Medicine popularly known as Sleep Medicine 2016 , which is going to be held during November 28th -30th, 2016 at Atlanta, USA. (global-summit.com)
  • The 2nd International Conference on Sleep Disorders and Medicine will schedule and coordinate all meetings with our Editorial Board across the World. (global-summit.com)
  • The scientific program paves a way to gather visionaries through the research talks and presentations and put forward many thought provoking information and therapeutic techniques related to Sleep Disorders. (global-summit.com)
  • Sleep disorders are gaining more importance in the society due to various reasons. (global-summit.com)
  • Which is a detailed flat form of Neuroimaging of Sleep and Sleep Disorders concerning imaging methods in sleep medicine highlights the evolving investigation possibilities from research and clinical aspects. (global-summit.com)
  • Some sleep disorders are serious enough to interfere with normal physical, mental, social and emotional functioning. (wikipedia.org)
  • Polysomnography and actigraphy are tests commonly ordered for some sleep disorders. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sleep disorders are broadly classified into dyssomnias , parasomnias , circadian rhythm sleep disorders involving the timing of sleep, and other disorders including ones caused by medical or psychological conditions and sleeping sickness . (wikipedia.org)
  • Some common sleep disorders include sleep apnea (stops in breathing during sleep), narcolepsy and hypersomnia (excessive sleepiness at inappropriate times), cataplexy (sudden and transient loss of muscle tone while awake), and sleeping sickness (disruption of sleep cycle due to infection). (wikipedia.org)
  • Management of sleep disturbances that are secondary to mental, medical, or substance abuse disorders should focus on the underlying conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other such disorders are advanced sleep phase disorder (ASPD), non-24-hour sleep-wake disorder (non-24) in the sighted or in the blind, and irregular sleep wake rhythm , all much less common than DSPD, as well as the situational shift work sleep disorder . (wikipedia.org)
  • Sleep has a profound influence on breathing, and the recognition and management of common apnoeic and non-apnoeic sleep disorders is increasingly relevant to the clinical practice of the modern chest physician. (springer.com)
  • Non-apnoeic sleep disorders can present in the respiratory clinic with excessive daytime somnolence, and awareness of their clinical features can lead to onward referral and treatment. (springer.com)
  • This chapter will address not just sleep-disordered breathing, but also the non-apnoeic sleep disorders which may present to the respiratory physician who sees patients with excessive daytime somnolence or for "exclusion of sleep apnoea. (springer.com)
  • Stradling JR. Handbook of sleep-related breathing disorders. (springer.com)
  • Sharon said the laboratory does not cure sleep disorders. (newyorker.com)
  • Doctors studying psychiatric disorders noticed long ago that erratic sleep was somehow connected. (motherjones.com)
  • Sleep disruption also bumps up stress hormone levels, which could contribute to daytime anxiety, a component of many psychiatric disorders. (motherjones.com)
  • You can get away with a little more caffeine into the early afternoon, but Michael Breus, a clinical psychologist who specializes in sleep disorders and is the author of Beauty Sleep: Look Younger, Lose Weight, and Feel Great Through Better Sleep, recommends cutting out caffeine after 2:00 P.M. "Caffeine stays in your system between eight and 10 hours," he says. (yahoo.com)
  • Although the authors did not establish how much uninterrupted sleep humans need to avoid memory impairment, they did suggest that memory problems in people who experience apnea and other sleep disorders are probably linked to disruption in continuity of sleep that these conditions cause. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Although it is not clear exactly how many people experience parasomnias, or sleep disorders, it is likely that you - or someone you know - have faced at least one such event at some point. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Forty million Americans suffer from sleep disorders. (healthfinder.gov)
  • This document covers the consequences of poor sleep for older adults, common sleep disorders, and more. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Find an overview on valerian, an herb and dietary supplement used for insomnia and other sleep disorders. (healthfinder.gov)
  • The Johns Hopkins Sleep Disorders Center (JHSDC) has a rich history, and is among the first accredited sleep laboratories in the United States. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • We evaluate and treat conditions such as insomnia, sleep apnea, circadian rhythm disorders, narcolepsy, and restless leg syndrome. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • The JHSDC offers services at several sites in the Maryland and D.C. area, including the Johns Hopkins Outpatient Center, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, the Johns Hopkins Sleep Disorders Center at Howard County General Hospital, and Sibley Memorial Hospital. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • However, in many instances, due to the need for adequate documentation or the need for more specialized sleep testing, patients should be seen in the sleep clinic before scheduling a sleep study, particularly when disorders other than sleep apnea are suspected. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Part 2 focuses on defining various sleep disorders and tips for better sleep. (forbes.com)
  • Older adults are more likely to suffer from medical disorders that can impact their sleep duration and health outcomes. (forbes.com)
  • Understanding sleep disorders including REM sleep behavior disorder, narcolepsy and grinding of the teeth could be linked to two strong brain chemicals and a system network that works together to stop rapid eye movement and muscle movement during sleep. (redorbit.com)
  • New research in the July 18 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience may help scientists better understand and treat sleep disorders. (redorbit.com)
  • By identifying the neurotransmitters and receptors involved in sleep-related paralysis, this study points us to possible molecular targets for developing treatments for sleep-related motor disorders, which can often be debilitating," he said. (redorbit.com)
  • Yaremchuk K. Sleep Disorders in the Elderly. (medscape.com)
  • It has been proven to effectively improve sleep in some circadian rhythm sleep disorders (e.g. jet lag syndrome, shift worker disorder, delayed sleep phase syndrome) and in elderly patients with an identified reduction in melatonin concentration. (news-medical.net)
  • However, the clinical recommendations following the melatonin research are not clearly defined, as there is a potential for interactions with other psychotropic drugs and worsening of sleep-breathing disorders. (news-medical.net)
  • For this reason, further research is required to investigate the therapeutic effects and patient tolerability of the medication when used to aid sleep for individuals with sleeping disorders. (news-medical.net)
  • Behavioral or psychological interventions are sometimes able to sufficiently improve sleeping habits and treat sleeping disorders, without the need for hypnotics. (news-medical.net)
  • Older adults are more likely to experience sleep disorders, including insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, and restless leg syndrome. (psychcentral.com)
  • Sleepwalking is one of several parasomnias, or sleep disorders, described by journalist David Randall in Dreamland . (newscientist.com)
  • Mokhlesi is director of the Sleep Disorders Center as well as the Sleep Medicine Fellowship training program at the University of Chicago. (reuters.com)
  • There are various sleep disorders listed by the NSF, with insomnia being the most common. (prweb.com)
  • In 2009, Harvard Health Publication stated that sleep disorders often appear before mental illness: 27 percent of anxiety disorders and 69 percent of depression instances are preceded by sleep disorders. (prweb.com)
  • Sufficient sleep is vital to the continued recovery of women with anxiety and bi-polar disorders. (prweb.com)
  • In a report issued Thursday, the National Sleep Foundation, a Washington, D.C.-based nonprofit organization dedicated to improving public understanding of sleep and sleep disorders, urges educators to adopt later start times for middle and high schools so teens can get more sleep in the morning. (go.com)
  • A single study never settles an issue once and for all, but I would say this study does advance the field significantly," said Dr. Carl E. Hunt, director of the National Center on Sleep Disorders Research at the National Institutes of Health. (go.com)
  • A sleep study (also called a polysomnogram ) can help doctors diagnose sleep apnea and other sleep disorders. (kidshealth.org)
  • sleep deprivation also could cause your skin to age faster , according to a new study. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • While chronic sleep deprivation has been linked to medical problems such as obesity, diabetes, cancer and immune deficiency, its effects on skin function have previously been unknown. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • People prone to sleep deprivation worry that they might not be able to sleep, perhaps based on past experience. (tuck.com)
  • Some experts say that coffee naps are an effective way to combat sleep deprivation. (yahoo.com)
  • Sleep deprivation - not allowing someone to sleep for a set period of time - can quickly reduce symptoms of depression in about half of people who suffer from the mental health disorder, according to a new report. (yahoo.com)
  • When you don't get enough sleep (sleep deprivation), it does more than just make you feel tired. (medlineplus.gov)
  • People with sleep deprivation are more likely to get into accidents. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Sleep deprivation magnifies the effect of alcohol. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Sleep deprivation has measurable negative effects on teens' behavior and health. (rand.org)
  • A documentary that highlights the deadly combination of sleep deprivation and long days of work. (imdb.com)
  • Unsettled by the preventable death of a coworker, filmmaker Haskell Wexler learns that sleep deprivation and long work hours are a deadly combination. (imdb.com)
  • Many parents suffer from sleep deprivation. (familydoctor.org)
  • Sleep deprivation manifested as bouts of anger and despair mixed in with some euphoria, along with other sensations I've not had before or since. (theatlantic.com)
  • But as with drunkenness, one of the first things we lose in sleep deprivation is self-awareness. (theatlantic.com)
  • A causal relationship is possible, and more plausibly so in cases of extreme sleep deprivation. (www.nhs.uk)
  • sleep deprivation has very similar symptoms as depression and anxiety. (medhelp.org)
  • Sleep deprivation can be detrimental to a woman's progress while recovering from mental health issues. (prweb.com)
  • Sleep deprivation is a serious issue. (newyorker.com)
  • According to Google Ngram Viewer, which tracks the frequency a phrase is used over time, "sleep deprivation" is a term of relatively recent origin. (newyorker.com)
  • They also recommend schools create a sleep-education curriculum to assist students in learning about the consequences of sleep deprivation and the importance of sleep to their overall health. (go.com)
  • If you've ever experienced insomnia or stayed up way too late, you know the symptoms of sleep deprivation: crankiness, lethargy and grogginess. (foxnews.com)
  • Sleep Room take their name from the conspiratorial brainwashing technique allegedly used by the CIA in the early 1970s Project MKUltra, which involved sensory deprivation and sub-conscious behavioural response to sound. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anxiety is an emotion that actually wakes us up," Dr. Steve Orma, author of Stop Worrying and Go to Sleep: How to Put Insomnia to Bed for Good , told The Huffington Post. (tuck.com)
  • Insomnia disorder (primary insomnia), chronic difficulty in falling asleep and/or maintaining sleep when no other cause is found for these symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
  • My 24-hour sleep staycation at the Hotel Café Royal was a joy - but did it solve my lockdown insomnia? (telegraph.co.uk)
  • In 2006, the American Academy of Sleep Medicine Task Force conducted a review of literature published since 1999 and graded the evidence regarding the available nonpharmacological insomnia treatments. (medscape.com)
  • For secondary insomnia, sleep restriction therapy, multicomponent therapy (not including cognitive therapy), biofeedback, and paradoxical intention have effective evidence-based results when used individually. (medscape.com)
  • The National Institutes of Health Consensus and the American Academy of Sleep Medicine Practice Parameters recommend Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBTi) to be standard treatment based on the high level of empirical support. (medscape.com)
  • A randomized controlled trial by Morin et al [ 28 ] showed when treating noncancer patients with persistent insomnia adding zolpidem during the first 6 weeks of CBTi resulted in increased sleep time. (medscape.com)
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia has similar efficacy with more sustainability when compared with sleep medicines. (medscape.com)
  • Recently, Sleep Medicine Reviews conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials to determine the effectiveness of complementary and alternative medicine in insomnia. (medscape.com)
  • Symptoms of central sleep apnea include cessation of breathing during sleep, often causing frequent awakenings and complaints of insomnia. (encyclopedia.com)
  • For this reason, hypnotics can be very useful to aid sleep in individuals that have difficulty sleeping, such as those that suffer from insomnia. (news-medical.net)
  • Benzodiazepine hypnotics are a relatively safe and effective medical management option to aid sleep and treat insomnia. (news-medical.net)
  • Non-benzodiazepine hypnotics can be used to aid sleep and treat insomnia, and are generally associated with fewer adverse effects than benzodiazepine hypnotics. (news-medical.net)
  • MONDAY, June 25, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Insomnia affects up to 15 percent of Americans, but sleeping pills aren't the only -- or the best -- answer. (medicinenet.com)
  • When these techniques aren't enough to overcome insomnia and get you the sleep you need, you may want to investigate cognitive behavioral therapy , or CBT . (medicinenet.com)
  • What I would expect in a non-ADHD person is that the stimulant would cause insomnia, 3) Therefore, it makes sense that it would improve sleep in someone with ADHD, since that is the opposite of what I otherwise would expect. (scienceblogs.com)
  • If possible, let your baby fall asleep in the crib at night so your little one learns that it's the place for sleep. (kidshealth.org)
  • We spend about one-third of our lives asleep, and sleep is essential to better health. (nytimes.com)
  • For other uses, see Waking Up (disambiguation) , Asleep (disambiguation) , and SLEPT analysis . (wikipedia.org)
  • Delayed sleep phase disorder (DSPD), inability to awaken and fall asleep at socially acceptable times but no problem with sleep maintenance, a disorder of circadian rhythms . (wikipedia.org)
  • Adults with depression, for instance, are five times as likely as the average person to have difficulty breathing when asleep, while between a quarter and a half of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suffer from sleep complaints, compared with just 7 per cent of other children. (motherjones.com)
  • Upon being alerted, one may feel or say, "I was asleep just then," and such judgments ordinarily are accepted as evidence for identifying a pre-arousal state as sleep. (britannica.com)
  • But the benefits of falling asleep earlier and sleeping more deeply early in the night are offset by more disturbed sleep later on and less rapid eye movement or "REM" sleep, making us feel less rested when we wake up, a study found. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • At all doses tested, participants who had drunk more alcohol fell asleep more quickly and deeply, and during the first half of the night enjoyed an increase in "slow-wave sleep" which helps the body repair tissue and build bone and muscle. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • However, sleep disruption , or waking after falling asleep, increased during the second half of the night, the researchers found. (livescience.com)
  • Alcohol may help you fall sleep, but it won't keep you asleep. (livescience.com)
  • They keep tabs on when you wake up and fall asleep, how often you're disturbed during the night, and you total sleep time, among other things. (webmd.com)
  • Soon after falling asleep, the patient with obstructive sleep apnea typically begins snoring heavily. (encyclopedia.com)
  • If you do, he will have more trouble falling asleep, and probably won't sleep as long. (familydoctor.org)
  • I am so glad you are getting your sleep and feeling better.I go to sleep myself but I dont stay asleep.I am going to talk to my doc about lunesta. (medhelp.org)
  • Initially I couldn't fall asleep on my own and had to get sleeping pills for the first time in my life. (drugs.com)
  • Such episodes of sleep paralysis may take place either after the person wakes up or just before the person falls asleep. (news-medical.net)
  • Melatonin may improve sleep by decreasing the actual time it takes to fall asleep, increasing feelings of 'sleepiness,' and increasing the duration of sleep. (foxnews.com)
  • Awakening can mean the end of sleep, or simply a moment to survey the environment and readjust body position before falling back asleep. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers at University of California Berkeley's Sleep and Neuroimaging Laboratory found that when deprived of sleep, the brain reverts back to more primitive patterns of activity. (tuck.com)
  • Even if you think you're getting enough sleep, you may be surprised once you see your sleep patterns in black and white. (nytimes.com)
  • Some of the new activity trackers will monitor your sleep patterns for you, but you can also do it easily yourself. (nytimes.com)
  • Like most creatures on Earth, humans come equipped with a circadian clock, a roughly 24-hour internal timer that keeps our sleep patterns in sync with our planet - at least until genetics, age and our personal habits get in the way. (nytimes.com)
  • A sleep disorder , or somnipathy , is a medical disorder of the sleep patterns of a person or animal. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tells about sleep patterns. (newyorker.com)
  • For example, the typical presence of certain electroencephalogram (EEG) patterns ( brain patterns of electrical activity) with behavioral sleep has led to the designation of such patterns as "signs" of sleep. (britannica.com)
  • Wearable devices or apps may give you an accurate picture of your sleep patterns, record your movements, and measure your total rest and disturbances. (webmd.com)
  • These work with your smartphone to help you analyze your sleep patterns. (webmd.com)
  • Learn about your sleep patterns and habits by keeping a daily sleep diary. (webmd.com)
  • An easy way to track your sleep habits and spot patterns. (webmd.com)
  • Learn about treatment plans that can improve your sleeping patterns, health, and quality of life. (healthfinder.gov)
  • In central sleep apnea, breathing patterns may also be disrupted during wakefulness. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In some cases, your doctor may request an overnight sleep study (polysomnogram) to look for abnormalities in sleep structure, breathing patterns, or muscle movements. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • But there are steps you can take to set good sleep patterns for your baby. (familydoctor.org)
  • Adolescent Sleep Patterns: Biological, Social, and Psychological Influences (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2002), pp. 69-117. (routledge.com)
  • Reporting in the journal Sleep, Lianne Kurina of the University of Chicago and colleagues studied loneliness and sleep patterns among a group of older residents living in two colonies of Hutterites in South Dakota. (reuters.com)
  • March 26, 2008 - A study suggests that the central nervous system stimulant methylphenidate improves sleep patterns in adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). (scienceblogs.com)
  • The use of artificial light has substantially altered humanity's sleep patterns. (wikipedia.org)
  • So either that is the amount of sleep that keeps people well, or that's the amount that makes them least likely to lie about being sick when they want to skip work. (theatlantic.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder. (mayoclinic.org)
  • If you're getting seven or eight hours of sleep a night but still feeling tired and sleep-deprived, you may be suffering from interrupted sleep or a sleep disorder and may need to talk to a doctor and undergo a sleep study. (nytimes.com)
  • Not only will a sleep diary will give you important insights into your sleep habits, but it will be useful to your doctor if you think you are suffering from a sleep disorder. (nytimes.com)
  • It has been found that around 50-70 million of the total population of United States experience sleep or wakefulness disorder. (global-summit.com)
  • Sleep disorder in the young have psychosocial consequences with an impact on work, education and mental health may also underpin unemployment. (global-summit.com)
  • The use of social media and nightly entertainment in young subjects may blur the clinical picture sometimes hinder a diagnosis of a real sleep disorder. (global-summit.com)
  • Night terror , Pavor nocturnus , sleep terror disorder, an abrupt awakening from sleep with behavior consistent with terror . (wikipedia.org)
  • Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD), sudden involuntary movement of arms and/or legs during sleep, for example kicking the legs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD), acting out violent or dramatic dreams while in REM sleep, sometimes injuring bed partner or self (REM sleep disorder or RSD). (wikipedia.org)
  • Shift work sleep disorder (SWSD), a situational circadian rhythm sleep disorder . (wikipedia.org)
  • Sleep apnea is a common disorder that causes your breathing to stop or get very shallow. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea is a common disorder in which relaxation of muscles in the throat repeatedly close off the airway during sleep the person wakes just enough to take a gasping breath. (infoplease.com)
  • Word, is a perception in the rem sleep disorder video absence of a stimulus In a stricter sense, hallucinations are perceptions clinically tested formula that. (amazonaws.com)
  • It may be key to helping you and your health care provider diagnose and treat a sleep disorder. (webmd.com)
  • Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder. (familydoctor.org)
  • Your doctor may ask you to go to a sleep disorder center for a sleep study. (familydoctor.org)
  • Tests done at the sleep disorder center may reveal which kind of sleep apnea you have. (familydoctor.org)
  • However, although some of the strange things that we do in our sleep may be connected with the presence of a sleep disorder, others are, in fact, normal physiological occurrences that are extremely common. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • They include feverishness due to illness, experiencing stress and anxiety during day-to-day life, lack of sleep, or living with a sleep disorder. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Sleep apnea is a common disorder in which you have pauses in breathing or shallow breaths while you sleep. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Narcolepsy is a frequent disorder: it is the second leading cause of excessive daytime sleepiness diagnosed by sleep centers after obstructive sleep apnea. (healthfinder.gov)
  • If you are having trouble sleeping or are feeling sleepy much of the time, you may have a sleep disorder. (healthfinder.gov)
  • As sleep apnea seldom occurs in premenopausal females, it is suggested that hormones may play some role in the disorder. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The study´s findings are relevant to anyone who has ever watched a sleeping pet twitch, gotten kicked by a bed partner, or has known someone with the sleep disorder narcolepsy," said Dennis J. McGinty, PhD, a behavioral neuroscientist and sleep researcher at the University of California, Los Angeles , who was not involved in the study. (redorbit.com)
  • The finding could be especially helpful for those with REM sleep disorder, a disease that causes people to act out their dreams. (redorbit.com)
  • Understanding the precise mechanism behind these chemicals´ role in REM sleep disorder is particularly important because about 80 percent of people who have it eventually develop a neurodegenerative disease, such as Parkinson´s disease," study author Peever added. (redorbit.com)
  • REM sleep behavior disorder could be an early marker of these diseases, and curing it may help prevent or even stop their development," he said. (redorbit.com)
  • This contrasts with REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), which typically occurs in the last half of the night. (medscape.com)
  • Other forms of sleep apnea include central sleep apnea and sleep-related hypoventilation. (wikipedia.org)
  • A different type of sleep apnea, called central sleep apnea, is believed to be caused by an abnormality in the brain's regulation of breathing during sleep. (infoplease.com)
  • Central sleep apnea is less common. (familydoctor.org)
  • Central sleep apnea, in which the brain does not properly signal respiratory muscles to begin breathing, is much less common than obstructive sleep apnea. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Causes of central sleep apnea include various severe and life-threatening lesions of the lower brainstem, which controls breathing. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Researchers found that those who didn't sleep well exhibited more signs of skin aging including fine lines, uneven pigmentation and reduced skin elasticity. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • The researchers also found that those who enjoyed quality sleep were more quick to recover from stressors to the skin such as sun and environmental toxins. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • And, in another piece of bad news for those who don't sleep well, researchers found that poor quality sleepers were much more likely to be overweight. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • According to UC Berkeley researchers, lack of sleep plays a role in ramping up brain regions that trigger excessive worry. (tuck.com)
  • [10] [11] Sleep researchers also use simplified electrocardiography (EKG) for cardiac activity and actigraphy for motor movements. (wikipedia.org)
  • Drinking even a small nightcap may help you nod off more quickly but the quality of your sleep will suffer, researchers have warned. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Researchers from the London and Edinburgh Sleep Centres studied data from 20 published trials on the effects of alcohol on healthy people's sleep. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Researchers analyzed information from 20 previously published studies that looked at the effects of alcohol on sleep . (livescience.com)
  • While many previous studies have been done on the topic, researchers in this review restricted their analysis to studies of healthy people who were tested in a sleep lab during the night. (livescience.com)
  • Writing in the 25 July 2011 early issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , researchers from the Universtiy of Stanford in the US describe how they used optogenetics to target specific neurons and found that a minimum amount of continuous sleep is crucial for memory consolidation. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The researchers expect more studies will soon be using optogenetics to investigate sleep. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The delayed sleep problems caused by alcohol are well-known to researchers (and anyone who's had a few too many), but this is the first sizable study to show that the same level of intoxication affects women's sleep more than men's. (cnn.com)
  • Further research should try to clarify how alcohol-related sleep problems may contribute to problem drinking, the researchers say. (cnn.com)
  • Researchers at the University of Rochester Medical Center studied the flow of these waste fluids in rats' brains and found that during sleep, the rats brains worked better to remove those toxins. (lifehacker.com)
  • The researchers measured electrical activity in the facial muscles responsible for chewing in sleeping rats. (redorbit.com)
  • However, when the researchers blocked these receptors, REM sleep paralysis still took place. (redorbit.com)
  • The researchers found that to prevent REM sleep paralysis, they had to block the GABAA/glycine ionotropic receptors and metabotropic GABAB receptors, a different receptor system. (redorbit.com)
  • The researchers systematically searched for and combined the results of cohort studies that investigated whether there is an association between sleep duration and death from any cause. (www.nhs.uk)
  • The researchers also carried out sub-group analyses by age, gender, socioeconomic status, definitions of sleep duration, and length of follow-up. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Researchers discover new evidence that sleep aids the brain's capacity to remember information. (psychcentral.com)
  • In the new work, the researchers studied the influence of sleep on declarative memory in healthy, college-aged adults. (psychcentral.com)
  • Consequently, the synthetic and cross-disciplinary quality of sleep research is fully reflected in the learned editor's selection of major works to ensure that the collection will be welcomed by sleep researchers across the social sciences, and beyond. (routledge.com)
  • Supplemented with a full index and the editor's newly written introductory essay, Sleep is a vital reference tool for established researchers and advanced students alike. (routledge.com)
  • The researchers collected information on feelings of loneliness, blood pressure and sleep from 95 residents of the Hutterite communities. (reuters.com)
  • But among the remaining half, the researchers noted a trend between increasing feelings of loneliness and social isolation and more fitful sleep. (reuters.com)
  • Researchers at the Surrey Sleep Research Centre at the University of Surrey, UK recently published a study1 showing nighttime light exposure affects the human biological clock and disrupts sleep quality by suppressing the hormone melatonin. (prweb.com)
  • In Minneapolis high schools - where start times were changed from 7:15 a.m. to 8:40 a.m. - students reported getting an extra hour of sleep each school day, say researchers from the Center for Applied Research and Educational Improvement at the University of Minnesota. (go.com)
  • Other researchers who did not contribute to the experiment say it provides a valuable reminder for overtired workers and students that sleep is often the best medicine. (go.com)
  • Other researchers said they have long suspected that sleep helps to consolidate memories and sharpen thoughts. (go.com)
  • When researchers conducted MRIs of their sleep-deprived subjects, they found low activity in the prefrontal cortex area of the brain where critical thinking and decision-making occurs. (foxnews.com)
  • No one knows exactly why we sleep, but researchers continue to uncover important discoveries about the mysterious phenomenon, including some that seem counterintuitive. (livescience.com)
  • Researchers found that people who experience frequent interruptions during their sleep were less happy and less energetic the next day than people who went to bed late but were able to sleep continuously for a few hours. (livescience.com)
  • This may be because people whose sleep is frequently interpreted spend less time in deep sleep - a restorative phase of sleep - than people who go to bed late, the researchers said. (livescience.com)
  • In the study, researchers looked at the sleep habits of people living in contemporary hunter-gatherer societies in parts of Africa and South America, as a proxy for our prehistoric ancestors. (livescience.com)
  • We find that contrary to much conventional wisdom, it is very likely that we do not sleep less than our distant ancestors," study author Jerome Siegel, a researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles, told Live Science in a 2015 interview. (livescience.com)
  • Having one hemisphere remain more "vigilant" during sleep than the other may be a survival strategy when humans are in a new environment - the left hemisphere may serve as a "night watch" that wakes the sleeper up if there's danger, the researchers said. (livescience.com)
  • However, it's important to note that the way people define "sleep" can be ambiguous, and it's possible that in the study, participants recorded how long they spent in bed, rather than how long they actually spent sleeping, the researchers said. (livescience.com)
  • Sleep contrasts with wakefulness, in which state there is an enhanced potential for sensitivity and an efficient responsiveness to external stimuli. (britannica.com)
  • The sleep-wakefulness alternation is the most-striking manifestation in higher vertebrates of the more-general phenomenon of periodicity in the activity or responsivity of living tissue . (britannica.com)
  • Occasionally, one or more of those criteria may be absent during sleep (e.g., in sleepwalking ) or present during wakefulness (e.g., when sitting calmly), but even in such cases there usually is little difficulty in achieving agreement among observers in the discrimination between the two behavioral states. (britannica.com)
  • Such signs as are now employed, however, are not invariably discriminating of the behavioral states of sleep and wakefulness. (britannica.com)
  • During an episode, the lack of oxygen triggers your brain to pull you out of deep sleep - either to a lighter sleep or to wakefulness - so your airway reopens and you can breathe normally. (www.nhs.uk)
  • What can be said definitively about sleep and wakefulness? (theatlantic.com)
  • While these numbers are useful guidelines, they really don't tell you anything about your individual sleep needs, which are largely determined by genetics - and strongly influenced by your habits. (nytimes.com)
  • A new study analyzed the sleep habits of 1,000 people and discovered a correlative link between the amount of z's gained and weight lost. (yahoo.com)
  • Could a pampering, sleep-focussed stay at a five-star hotel fix bad bedtime habits - in one night? (telegraph.co.uk)
  • A thorough history needs to be done that will take into account your sleeping habits, medications, and lifestyle issues such as weight that may play a significant role in his condition. (amazonaws.com)
  • You can take steps to improve your sleep habits. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Your doctor may also want to know about your bedtime habits and how well you sleep. (familydoctor.org)
  • Brookhaven Retreat, a unique residential treatment facility exclusively for women with mental health and/or substance abuse issues, implements healthy sleep habits during National Sleep Awareness Week. (prweb.com)
  • A lot of poor sleep habits are related to television and kids staying up late at night with trivial activities. (go.com)
  • Studies show that lack of sleep, poor eating habits and weight problems all go hand in hand. (foxnews.com)
  • Sleep habits may change in the wintertime because of the reduction in daylight hours, which affects people's internal circadian clocks, experts say. (livescience.com)
  • Awareness can help you improve your sleep habits and in turn your well-being and productivity in order to "rise and shine" to accomplish what you really want (and need) to do on any given day. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Idiopathic hypersomnia , a primary, neurologic cause of long-sleeping, sharing many similarities with narcolepsy. (wikipedia.org)
  • If you have narcolepsy, some studies suggest that tracking your sleep may be helpful for you and your doctor. (webmd.com)
  • But the FDA has not yet approved any over-the-counter sleep-monitoring device or app for the management or treatment of narcolepsy. (webmd.com)
  • The sleep technician will be there all night, checking your child's sleep from another room. (kidshealth.org)
  • Your child will spend the night in a hospital or sleep center. (kidshealth.org)
  • They sleep around the clock, and because their tiny stomachs don't hold enough breast milk or formula to keep them satisfied for long, they wake often to eat - no matter what time of day or night it is. (kidshealth.org)
  • After that, it's OK to let your baby sleep for longer periods of time at night. (kidshealth.org)
  • Some start to sleep "through the night" (for 5-6 hours at a time) by 2-3 months of age, but some don't. (kidshealth.org)
  • Don't try to keep your baby up during the day in the hopes that he or she will sleep better at night. (kidshealth.org)
  • Overly tired infants often have more trouble sleeping at night than those who've had enough sleep during the day. (kidshealth.org)
  • This research shows for the first time, that poor sleep quality can accelerate signs of skin aging and weaken the skin's ability to repair itself at night," said Dr. Daniel Yarosh, a senior vice president at The Estée Lauder Companies, in a press release. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Most experts recommend that adults get between seven and eight hours of sleep per night. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Every night, millions of Americans go to bed and drift into an evening of sleep that is anything but peaceful. (nytimes.com)
  • But if you snore loudly every night then the likelihood of it being sleep apnea is much greater. (nytimes.com)
  • The traditional sleep study, called a polysomnogram, requires you to spend a night in a sleep lab. (nytimes.com)
  • People who sleep seven hours a night are healthier and live longer. (nytimes.com)
  • But over the course of a few weeks, if you stick to the scheduled bedtime and allow yourself to wake up naturally, you'll begin to see a pattern emerge of how many hours of sleep your body needs each night. (nytimes.com)
  • Those and other questions are part of a test commonly used by sleep experts to determine whether you are a lark, a night owl or somewhere in between. (nytimes.com)
  • Even though the average adult needs eight hours of sleep per night, there are so-called "shortsleepers," who need far less, and morning people, who, research shows, often come from families of other morning people. (nytimes.com)
  • [2] The internal circadian clock promotes sleep daily at night. (wikipedia.org)
  • Disruptions in sleep can be caused by a variety of issues, from teeth grinding ( bruxism ) to night terrors . (wikipedia.org)
  • Parasomnias , disruptive sleep-related events involving inappropriate actions during sleep, for example sleep walking, night-terrors and catathrenia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Martin Rawls-Meehan, CEO of sleep technology company Reverie, shared some insight on how to get better sleep every night so you can transform yourself into an energizer bunny in the morning. (yahoo.com)
  • The demand ofour body and brain to sleep challenges our understanding ofwhy this is the case, and which are the benefits ofa night ofprofound sleep. (springer.com)
  • When your sleep is interrupted throughout the night, you can be drowsy during the day. (medlineplus.gov)
  • I found out years ago that I have mild sleep apnea, but it's pretty mild and the fix is a C-PAP machine, which I tried but was never able to tolerate for an entire night. (motherjones.com)
  • With enough sleep each night, you may find that you're happier and more productive during the day. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Place your baby on their back, in a crib, bassinet or pack n' play for every sleep time - nap time and night time. (michigan.gov)
  • But the same volunteers suffered from more disrupted sleep during the second half of the night, cancelling out the benefit. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • Those who had drunk moderate or high amounts of alcohol also had lower levels of REM sleep, which typically takes up 20 to 25 per cent of the night and is the part of the sleep cycle where dreams occur. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • In addition, drinking alcohol, no matter the quantity, increased deep sleep during the first half of the night. (livescience.com)
  • In addition, moderate doses (2 to 4 drinks) and high doses (more than 4 drinks) of alcohol reduced overall rapid eye movement (REM) sleep during the night. (livescience.com)
  • These conditions include sleep apnea, where the person stops breathing and can experience hundreds of "micro-arousals" a night, and alcoholism . (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Decreased oxygen level in the blood during the apneas may cause decreased alertness and other symptoms, while disturbance of the sleep pattern at night may cause daytime drowsiness. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Luckily, there is a solution… drink plenty of water throughout the day and sleep with a humidifier at night to bring moisture back into the sinus membranes and reduce the intensity of snoring. (buzzfeed.com)
  • Although individual sleep needs vary, the AASM recommends that adults get seven or more hours of sleep each night for optimal health, productivity and daytime alertness, Dasgupta said. (forbes.com)
  • ( Health.com ) -- Drinking alcohol may help put you to sleep, but as the night wears on -- and the booze wears off -- you may find yourself tossing and turning. (cnn.com)
  • Whereas alcohol had only a minor impact on men's sleep, the female study participants slept more fitfully and for less time after a night of drinking than they did when they were sober. (cnn.com)
  • About two millions years ago (that's the current guess) brains became sufficiently complex that they were able to solve the problem of memory processing by dividing the night into two types of sleep, one is now called slow wave sleep (SWS) and one is called rapid eye-movement (REM) sleep. (psychologytoday.com)
  • For most people, nightmares , bedwetting, sleep-walking and night terrors occur during SWS. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Maybe you've met a few people who seem to be able to function completely normally on just 4 hours of sleep a night. (techdirt.com)
  • Short sleepers can get away without 8 hours of sleep a night, but most people can't. (techdirt.com)
  • I got by in high school with only 5 3/4 hours sleep a night in senior year. (techdirt.com)
  • One 2014 study of more than 3,000 people in Finland found that the amount of sleep that correlated with the fewest sick days was 7.63 hours a night for women and 7.76 hours for men. (theatlantic.com)
  • The consensus: Most adults function best after seven to nine hours of sleep a night. (theatlantic.com)
  • 3. L O S I N G S L E E P A study conducted found that one night of lost sleep can lead to a shift in your brain activity, that may cause you to crave more fatty foods. (slideshare.net)
  • This just after one night of poor sleep, what if every night you are not sleeping well? (slideshare.net)
  • 34 of the individuals were in the sleep-deprived group on the second night, they were kept up the entire night, while everyone else had 8 hours of sleep. (slideshare.net)
  • 7. F O O D I N T A K E The participants ordered food from a menu, those that were awake all night consumed an extra 950 calories, the following day the total calorie intake was about the same for those in the no sleep group vs those in the sleep group. (slideshare.net)
  • 9. B R A I N F U N C T I O N This study found that losing one night of sleep alters the brain salience network. (slideshare.net)
  • 11. T H O S E M O R E P R O N E F O R L A C K O F S L E E P Occupations such as truck drivers, health care providers, individuals that work night shifts such as nurses, military employees may be more likely to choose less healthy options due to lack of sleep. (slideshare.net)
  • Typically, N3 sleep is present more in the first third of the night, whereas REM sleep predominates in the last third of the night. (medscape.com)
  • NREM parasomnias such as sleep walking typically occur in the first third of the night with the presence of N3 sleep. (medscape.com)
  • It said that sleeping less than six hours a night makes you 12% more likely to die prematurely than someone who sleeps up to eight hours. (www.nhs.uk)
  • The newspapers have all focused on the finding that six or less hours of sleep a night is associated with an increased risk of early death. (www.nhs.uk)
  • However, the research found that people sleeping fewer hours were no more at risk than people sleeping nine or more hours a night. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Ever wonder how your friend can get by on 6 hours of sleep every night, when you need closer to 9? (sfu.ca)
  • Contrary to popular belief, there is no 'optimal' number when it comes to how many hours of sleep you should be getting each night - this number is biologically different for everyone. (sfu.ca)
  • If you're having trouble sleeping, try sticking to a schedule when it comes to your sleep routine -try going to bed at the same time every night, and getting out of bed at the same time each morning - even on weekends! (sfu.ca)
  • ive had bad anxiety and depression for months,i also have not slept well in months i recently was prescribed a drug from my psychiatrist that knocks me out from 10at night till 7 in the morning. (medhelp.org)
  • I have mild circumstantial depression and had sleep problems to begin with, but could sleep quite well with a Unisom every night. (drugs.com)
  • Frequently, older adults will experience declines to their total sleep time, and may find it increasingly difficult to sleep through the night. (psychcentral.com)
  • B. Steger and L. Brunt, 'Introduction: Into the Night and the World of Sleep', in B. Steger and L. Brunt (eds. (routledge.com)
  • Night-Time and Sleep in Asian and the West (London: RoutledgeCurzon, 2003), pp. 1-23. (routledge.com)
  • She went from two to three naps a day, in addition to sleeping ten hours at night. (parents.com)
  • Parks's actions that night were all carried out involuntarily, while he slept. (newscientist.com)
  • According to the National Sleep Foundation, adults need 7-9 hours of rest a night to be at their best, but not many Americans actually achieve that number. (prweb.com)
  • You can look at it now or, better yet, late at night when you can't sleep. (newyorker.com)
  • There was more movement during the night, more periods of short sleep duration, more tossing and turning," Kurina said by phone. (reuters.com)
  • In fact, sleep studies have shown that teenagers need between 8 ½ and about nine hours of sleep each night, according to the report. (go.com)
  • One group slept, another stayed awake all night, and a third stayed awake all day for eight-hour periods before testing following training in the main experiment. (go.com)
  • The group that got eight hours of sleep before tackling the problem was nearly three times more likely to figure out the rule than the group that stayed awake at night. (go.com)
  • He was diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea, a condition in which people stop breathing for short periods, disrupting their sleep, sometimes hundreds of times a night. (usatoday.com)
  • This pattern can repeat itself all night in obstructive sleep apnea. (kidshealth.org)
  • Sleep studies are painless and risk-free, but kids usually need to spend the night in a hospital or sleep center. (kidshealth.org)
  • According to the National Sleep Foundation, 63 percent of American adults don't get the recommended seven to nine hours of sleep a night. (foxnews.com)
  • Disrupting or missing some REM cycles can lead to unwanted weight gain, and losing sleep night after night is known to have a cumulative effect. (foxnews.com)
  • Set up a daily sleep pattern by going to bed at the same time each night and waking up at the same time each morning. (medicinenet.com)
  • Exercising vigorously in the morning leads to better sleep at night. (medicinenet.com)
  • They found that people in these societies sleep less than 6.5 hours a night - less than the average American, who gets between 7 and 8 hours of sleep, according to the National Sleep Foundation. (livescience.com)
  • People participating in a study on sleep, on the first night that they slept in the lab, showed more activity in the left hemisphere of their brains during deep sleep than in the right hemisphere. (livescience.com)
  • We often hear about Americans not getting enough sleep, but the percentage of U.S. adults who sleep for more than nine hours a night is also on the rise, according to a recent study. (livescience.com)
  • Intermezzo, a more recently approved drug containing zolpidem, is used when middle-of-the-night wakening is followed by difficulty returning to sleep and at least 4 hours remain available for sleep. (fda.gov)
  • There is a greater amount of deep sleep (stage N3) earlier in the night, while the proportion of REM sleep increases in the two cycles just before natural awakening. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some doctors call the snoring associated with sleep apnea "destructive snoring" because of its ear-rattling noisiness. (nytimes.com)
  • What are the health risks associated with sleep apnea? (familydoctor.org)
  • More intriguingly, it now seems sleep disruption can fundamentally interfere with the brain's ability to process emotion and to react to an emotional stimulus in an appropriate way. (motherjones.com)
  • Sleep disruption may significantly hinder their ability to function physically and mentally. (rand.org)
  • Optogenetic disruption of sleep continuity impairs memory consolidation. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Sleep disruption has been linked to alcoholism and to relapse among those who are trying to overcome their addiction. (cnn.com)
  • People tend to drink thinking that they'll have a better quality of sleep, but you end up having this disruption,' says Khan, who was not involved in the study. (cnn.com)
  • In light sleep, older adults are more vulnerable to disruption from environmental stimuli: bursts of noise, intrusions of light, and changes in temperature. (psychcentral.com)
  • Impact of sleep disturbances is increasingly focused in the society with regard to traffic safety where accidents can be related to reduce mental concentration due to sleepiness . (global-summit.com)
  • Sleep apnea causes daytime sleepiness and has been linked to higher incidences of stroke, heart disease, and even weight gain. (amazonaws.com)
  • Those suffering from severe obstructive sleep apnea typically complain of sleepiness, irritability, forgetfulness, and difficulty in concentrating. (infoplease.com)
  • Hypnotics are substances that increase sleepiness and may cause an individual to sleep or have a partial loss of consciousness. (news-medical.net)
  • Plan to get to the sleep center at least 2 hours before your child's usual bedtime, or whenever the doctor requests. (kidshealth.org)
  • Most sleep centers do not provide food, so pack a bedtime snack if your child usually has one. (kidshealth.org)
  • Once you determine your natural sleep needs, think about the time you need to wake up to get to work or school on time and pick a bedtime that allows you enough sleep to wake up naturally. (nytimes.com)
  • They also use behavioral techniques and relaxation exercises to increase the association between bedtime and sleep. (forbes.com)
  • Alcoholic drinks near bedtime and sleeping pills should be avoided. (infoplease.com)
  • While a regular bedtime is recommended by most sleep professionals-"The regularity can be a very powerful behavioral sleep aid," notes Grandner-it's not easy to maintain such rigid routines. (yahoo.com)
  • Your behaviors during the day, and especially before bedtime, can have a major impact on your sleep. (forbes.com)
  • I have taken a very small dose of clonazepam at bedtime and sleep very well. (drugs.com)
  • The chemicals in these substances will not influence your sleep pattern to a great degree if stopped well before bedtime and if you ensure that you are well hydrated before you go to bed. (news-medical.net)
  • To avoid disrupting sleep, don't exercise within three hours of bedtime. (psychcentral.com)
  • FDA has informed manufacturers that the recommended dose should be lowered for sleep drugs approved for bedtime use that contain a medicine called zolpidem. (fda.gov)
  • These disruptions impair your ability to reach the desired deep, restful phases of sleep, and you'll probably feel sleepy during your waking hours. (mayoclinic.org)
  • As people age, however, they often get less sleep or they tend to spend less time in the deep, restful stage of sleep. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Electronic devices emit blue light that stimulates the brain, making it more difficult to get into that restful mindset necessary for sleep. (buzzfeed.com)
  • This can make kids miss out on healthy, restful sleep . (kidshealth.org)
  • So people who have it don't reach a deeper, more restful level of sleep. (kidshealth.org)
  • This suggested sleep time consists of about five 90-minute sleep cycles, each with a deeply restful rapid-eye movement (REM) phase during which more calories are burned than any other time during sleep. (foxnews.com)
  • Loading up on refined carbohydrates at dinner and sweets for an evening snack can pack plenty of calories and precipitate a sugar rush that makes it hard to get a restful sleep. (foxnews.com)
  • Parasomnias are often associated with unsettling actions or behaviors, made all the more strange for being acted out in a person's sleep, while they are completely unconscious. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • As Shelly Weiss notes in the book Parasomnias , episodes of sleep talking don't tend to last very long, and they don't, in fact, always include intelligible speech. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Doctors diagnose sleep apnea based on medical and family histories, a physical exam, and sleep study results. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Your doctor can diagnose sleep apnea. (familydoctor.org)
  • Oral appliance therapy is an effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and snoring. (aadsm.org)
  • Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP) therapy is the most widely used and most effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea. (healthfinder.gov)
  • A well-known feature of sleep is the dream , an experience typically recounted in narrative form, which resembles waking life while in progress, but which usually can later be distinguished as fantasy. (wikipedia.org)
  • A RAND sleep expert shares how she helps her teens transition from summer back to waking up early for school. (rand.org)
  • Sleep usually requires the presence of relaxed skeletal muscles and the absence of the overt goal-directed behaviour of which the waking organism is capable. (britannica.com)
  • On waking, the volunteers were asked to rate how well they had slept. (cnn.com)
  • Going to sleep and waking up at consistent times each day is valuable too. (theatlantic.com)
  • Waking usually transitions into light NREM sleep. (medscape.com)
  • I have trouble sleeping already due to anxiety and my carpal tunnel, bladder issues, or my kids waking me up, so this is NOT good. (drugs.com)
  • A follow-up group further demonstrated that this sleep benefit for memory persists over the subsequent waking day. (psychcentral.com)
  • Waking up activates the body's fight-or-flight response, causing heart rate, blood pressure and hormone secretions to climb, says Lawrence Epstein, a sleep medicine expert at Harvard Medical School and Boston's Brigham and Women's Hospital. (usatoday.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the muscles that support the soft tissues in your throat, such as your tongue and soft palate, temporarily relax. (mayoclinic.org)
  • This type of apnea occurs when your throat muscles intermittently relax and block your airway during sleep. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea occurs when the muscles in the back of your throat relax too much to allow normal breathing. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Because sleep apnea occurs when you're unconscious, millions of people who have it are not even aware of it. (nytimes.com)
  • Non-REM sleep occurs first and after a transitional period is called slow-wave sleep or deep sleep. (wikipedia.org)
  • REM sleep occurs as a person returns to stage 2 or 1 from a deep sleep. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sleep apnea occurs when airway obstruction interrupts normal breathing that can last 10 seconds or longer. (amazonaws.com)
  • for ob_flush() to work before sleep() occurs. (php.net)
  • Dr. Arnulf notes that this may be because sleep talking likely occurs in response to a negative dream situation that makes such impulsive and unguarded speech excusable. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • [ 1 ] REM sleep follows NREM sleep and occurs 4-5 times during a normal 8-hour sleep period. (medscape.com)
  • In particular, the memories of recently learned word pairs are enhanced if sleep occurs between learning and testing. (psychcentral.com)
  • The changes leading to creativity or problem-solving insight occur during "slow wave" or deep sleep that typically occurs in the first four hours of the sleep cycle, he said. (go.com)
  • Sleep occurs in repeating periods, in which the body alternates between two distinct modes: REM sleep and non-REM sleep. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most pronounced physiological changes in sleep occur in the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • REM sleep is a stage of sleep during which dreams occur, and is thought to be important for memory. (livescience.com)
  • Because some of the symptoms of sleep apnea occur while you're sleeping, your bed partner may notice them first. (familydoctor.org)
  • Weiss explains that sleep talking episodes can occur at any stage of sleep and that they are "only disturbing to others," that is, to bed partners. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • During REM sleep, the deep sleep where most recalled dreams occur, muscles that move the eyes and those involved in breathing continue to move, but the most of the body´s other muscles are stopped in order to prevent injury. (redorbit.com)
  • The reason the muscles are immobilized is that dreams occur when the body goes through the REM state of sleep. (news-medical.net)
  • Changes to circadian rhythms , the 24-hour rhythms that help regulate sleep as well as many other biological processes, occur with age. (psychcentral.com)
  • Research indicates genes may influence deterioration to sleep and circadian rhythms that occur with age. (psychcentral.com)
  • It has joined sleepwalking, sleep paralysis, and old-fashioned nightmares as one of the more common things that occur while undergrads and others are grabbing some shuteye. (usatoday.com)
  • Dentists pioneered the use of oral appliance therapy for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea and snoring in adults. (aadsm.org)
  • Training in how to provide oral appliance therapy is uncommon in dental schools, so not all dentists have the training or experience to provide optimal care for adults with snoring or sleep apnea. (aadsm.org)
  • Young T, Patta M, Dempsey J, Skatrud J, Weber S, Badr S. The occurrence of sleep-disordered breathing among middle-aged adults. (springer.com)
  • Overnight pulse oximetry for sleep-disordered breathing in adults: a review. (springer.com)
  • During puberty, teenagers' biological clocks shift, and they are more likely to go to bed later than younger children and adults, and they tend to want to sleep later in the morning. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Some people think that adults need less sleep as they age. (medlineplus.gov)
  • But there is no evidence to show that older adults can get by with less sleep than people who are younger. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Not getting enough sleep can also mean that you don't get enough of the hormones that help children grow and help adults and children build muscle mass, fight infections, and repair cells. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Sleep talking, or somniloquy, is a common physiological phenomenon, and it is reportedly more frequent in children and adolescents, though it is not an unusual occurrence in adults. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Are Sleep Problems Killing Older Adults? (forbes.com)
  • This article is the first in a two-part series on how poor sleep quality can affect the health of older adults and ways to treat sleep problems. (forbes.com)
  • Sleep experts agree that chronic poor sleep in general and obstructive sleep apnea in particular (OSA) in anyone, but especially in older adults, can be fatal. (forbes.com)
  • But OSA isn't the only thing obstructing sleep for older adults. (forbes.com)
  • And the outcomes of sleep loss for older adults are even worse, Dasgupta said. (forbes.com)
  • Generally, children and younger adults sleep more soundly, experience fewer awakenings, and spend more time in deep sleep. (psychcentral.com)
  • With age, adults spend gradually less time in slow-wave sleep and in REM sleep, in favor of more time spent in the lighter stages of sleep. (psychcentral.com)
  • As they age, adults spend more time in the lighter stages of sleep. (psychcentral.com)
  • Older adults can help to diminish sleep problems by maintaining a consistent sleep-wake schedule. (psychcentral.com)
  • Studies show that regular, moderate exercise in older adults can help improve sleep quality . (psychcentral.com)
  • Treatment options to improve sleep are limited, Wilkie added, and existing pharmacological sleep aids can be problematic in older adults. (reuters.com)
  • Insufficient sleep has become a worldwide epidemic. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Sleep hygiene education, imagery training, and cognitive therapy had insufficient evidence-based support to recommend as single or complementary therapies. (medscape.com)
  • Insufficient sleep causes many chronic and acute medical conditions that have an enormous impact on quality of life, not to mention the economy. (theatlantic.com)
  • At the same time, it is becoming increasingly clear that the cost of insufficient sleep is much higher than most people recognize. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Insufficient sleep can hinder your ability to assess situations and, hence, perform tasks that require logical reasoning or complex thought. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Your brain senses this impaired breathing and briefly rouses you from sleep so that you can reopen your airway. (mayoclinic.org)
  • [6] The brain uses significantly less energy during sleep than it does when awake, especially during non-REM sleep. (wikipedia.org)
  • Key physiological methods for monitoring and measuring changes during sleep include electroencephalography (EEG) of brain waves , electrooculography (EOG) of eye movements, and electromyography (EMG) of skeletal muscle activity. (wikipedia.org)
  • While you are sleeping, you are unconscious, but your brain and body functions are still active. (medlineplus.gov)
  • In an extreme form of that principle, marine mammals appear to sleep with half the brain remaining responsive, possibly to maintain activities that allow them to surface for air. (britannica.com)
  • During REM sleep the brain becomes more active, performing the vital task of reorganising our memory, and a lack of REM can harm our concentration, motor skills and memory. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • But they're not as precise as sleep monitoring devices that doctors use to measure your brain activity and eye movement. (webmd.com)
  • The term "obstructive" distinguishes OSA from rarer forms of sleep apnoea, such as central sleep apnoea, which is caused by the brain not sending signals to the breathing muscles during sleep. (www.nhs.uk)
  • So the challenge was to come up with a technology that arouses key brain circuits for very short periods during sleep without affecting intensity and duration and causing stress. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Hypocretin/orexin neurons are important for switching brain circuits between sleep and wake states. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • As they slept, research technicians monitored their brain waves, eye movement, and other sleep markers. (cnn.com)
  • Scientists have found another important benefit of sleep: flushing out harmful toxins in the brain. (lifehacker.com)
  • Some changes in the brain only happen during sleep, including cleaning out fluids that build up in the brain which are linked to Alzheimer's and other diseases. (lifehacker.com)
  • During sleep, cells in the brain shrink by 60 percent, creating more space between the cells so the waste can be cleared better. (lifehacker.com)
  • Dolphins are said to sleep with only half their brain at a time, keeping partially alert for predators. (theatlantic.com)
  • In a series of experiments, University of Toronto neuroscientists Patricia L. Brooks and John H. Peever, PhD, found that the neurotransmitters gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glycine caused REM sleep paralysis in rats by "switching off" the specific cells in the brain that allow muscles to be moving. (redorbit.com)
  • Sleep/Wake Disturbances in Mild Traumatic Brain Injury Patients. (medscape.com)
  • Born said the exact process in the sleeping brain for sharpening these abilities remains unclear. (go.com)
  • It's known that marine animals such as dolphins sleep by shutting down just one half of their brain at a time. (livescience.com)
  • And, too, sleep experts and the medical health community agree that when someone is sleep-deprived, their brain simply cannot process feedback from their actions and changing circumstances. (washingtontimes.com)
  • But most people who have sleep apnea do snore. (nytimes.com)
  • Some people who have sleep apnea only learn about it from their partners. (nytimes.com)
  • People who have sleep apnea stop breathing for 10 to 30 seconds at a time while they are sleeping. (familydoctor.org)
  • Nine out of 10 people who have sleep apnea have this type of apnea. (familydoctor.org)
  • It helps most people who have sleep apnea. (familydoctor.org)
  • What Are the Signs & Symptoms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea? (kidshealth.org)
  • The most common treatment for sleep apnea is continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy. (aadsm.org)
  • There's nothing like it on the market - just boil, pour, enjoy, and sleep soundly! (buzzfeed.com)
  • Women who go to bed tipsy sleep much less soundly than men who have the same blood-alcohol content, the study found. (cnn.com)
  • According to the lab readings, the men slept just as soundly after drinking alcohol as they did when they were sober. (cnn.com)
  • Melatonin has also been suggested as a type of hypnotic and appears to be effective for some patients with sleeping difficulties. (news-medical.net)
  • As a result of this, some medical research has focused on the action of melatonin to induce sleep, as it could have the potential to be used as a natural hypnotic. (news-medical.net)
  • With age, hormone levels in both men and women decline, and these hormonal changes - including the hormones cortisol, melatonin, and growth hormone - are associated with diminished sleep , according to studies. (psychcentral.com)
  • 1The research is published in The Journal of Pineal Research entitled "The spectral composition of evening light and individual differences in the suppression of melatonin and delay of sleep in humans. (prweb.com)
  • [6] REM sleep, also known as paradoxical sleep, represents a smaller portion of total sleep time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although babies should be placed on their backs to sleep, supervised tummy time is an important part of healthy development. (aap.org)
  • First, make sure that you allow yourself enough time to sleep. (medlineplus.gov)
  • You should put sleep into both the pass and fail branches, since an attacker can check whether the response is slow and use that as an indicator - cutting down the delay time. (php.net)
  • Any time spent on activity that happens outside the execution of the script such as system calls using system(), the sleep() function, database queries, etc. is not included when determining the maximum time that the script has been running. (php.net)
  • Always close your SQL connection and free the memory before using sleep( ) or you will be needlessly holding a SQL connection for [xx] seconds, remember that a shared hosting environment only allows max 30 SQL connections at the same time. (php.net)
  • We've all heard it before: If you're having a hard time sleeping, you need to adopt a perfectly monastic lifestyle, free of any and all indulgences. (yahoo.com)
  • That might help explain why many notice they have a harder time sleeping after drinking red wine than after white. (yahoo.com)
  • Grandner coauthored a study that found that "long term, women-especially older women-who eat more fat- and calorie-dense foods sleep less over time and report feeling sleepy during the day. (yahoo.com)
  • Control mice that did not undergo sleep manipulation, however, spent more time exploring the new object. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • It may be something that slowly happens over time, but the next time you find yourself ordering take out or stopping at fast food, ask yourself are you getting enough sleep? (slideshare.net)
  • Working, studying, eating, spending time with your friends, hitting the gym … face it - life can be HECTIC and one of the first things that we cut down on is usually sleep … I know I'm guilty of it! (sfu.ca)
  • Take the sleep-test: next time you're sitting quietly and trying to pay attention (i.e. reading a book, in a work meeting or in a lecture), do you feel drowsy? (sfu.ca)
  • i feel sooooo much better, im certain many of my problems were because i had not slept well in a long time. (medhelp.org)
  • I don't wanna take it and have to take a sleeping pill for an extended period of time. (drugs.com)
  • The others made me tired all the time or nauseous, but both Zoloft and Lexapro helped w/ sleeping and mood. (drugs.com)
  • Finally, Volume IV ventures beyond the Western world to make sense of sleep research that is situated in a multitude of different time periods and social contexts, and to offer an avowedly global perspective. (routledge.com)
  • Among the things he tells them is to avoid "reducing time in bed" by going to sleep late or getting up early "so that you can get enough hours of sleep," he said. (reuters.com)
  • She points out that, since the nineteen-eighties, the amount of time spent sleeping has declined at an alarming rate, and that, well, alarmed me. (newyorker.com)
  • A significant finding was that the spectral composition - the actual color of light - not only contributed to the level of deep sleep but also the time taken to reach such a level. (prweb.com)
  • German scientists say they have demonstrated for the first time that our sleeping brains continue working on problems that baffle us during the day, and the right answer may come more easily after eight hours of rest. (go.com)
  • Even gradual decreases in the total time for slow wave sleep and deep sleep is correlated to a kind of decrease in memory function, and in turn to a decrease in the ability to recognize hidden structures or the awareness of such things," Born said. (go.com)
  • Most of the time, this happens quickly and we go right back to sleep without knowing we woke up. (kidshealth.org)
  • But if your only free time is later in the day, such workouts don't seem to interfere with sleep as previously thought. (medicinenet.com)
  • In 2004 Sleep Room once again stepped into the recording studio, this time opting for the professional services of producer and engineer Lewis Childs and Earth Terminal in Odiham. (wikipedia.org)
  • Re-writing much of their catalogue to incorporate the bass-lines into Weston's and Cook's guitar pieces, Sleep Room's sound began to evolve this time through necessity rather than choice. (wikipedia.org)
  • Follow the latest recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics for safe sleep. (cdc.gov)
  • Promoting safe sleep recommendations from the American Academy of Pediatrics. (cdc.gov)
  • The American Academy of Pediatrics is a proud partner in the National Back to Sleep Campaign spearheaded by the National Institute for Child and Human Development (NICHD). (aap.org)
  • Video - American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) video on safe sleep environments for babies. (aap.org)
  • American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) discusses safe sleep and tummy to play practices for babies. (aap.org)
  • NEW YORK , May 29, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- The most natural sleep begins when honest, ethically sourced materials are combined at the highest quality. (prnewswire.com)
  • There are no featured reviews for Doctor Sleep because the movie has not released yet (Nov 8, 2019). (rottentomatoes.com)
  • Newborns should get 14-17 hours of sleep over a 24-hour period, says the National Sleep Foundation. (kidshealth.org)
  • Some newborns may sleep up to 18-19 hours a day. (kidshealth.org)
  • Sleeping less than seven hours is associated with a range of health problems including obesity, heart disease, depression and impaired immune function. (nytimes.com)
  • 2. Determine the total number of hours you sleep. (nytimes.com)
  • Stops of breathing of at least ten seconds, 30 times within seven hours of sleep, classifies as apnea. (wikipedia.org)
  • Being tired isn't always about not getting eight hours of sleep. (yahoo.com)
  • And it's not just the number of hours of sleep you get that matters. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Getting less than seven hours of sleep on a regular basis increases your risk of several adverse health outcomes, such as weight gain, diabetes, depression and an impaired immune system. (forbes.com)
  • He or she can't sleep for more than a few hours without eating. (familydoctor.org)
  • Don't brag about working 30 hours straight -- get some sleep! (techdirt.com)
  • Moritz Erhardt allegedly worked for 72 hours without sleep as a Bank of America intern, and reportedly died from overwork. (techdirt.com)
  • During residency, I worked hospital shifts that could last 36 hours, without sleep, often without breaks of more than a few minutes. (theatlantic.com)
  • When sleep persistently falls below six hours per 24, we are at an increased risk of health problems. (theatlantic.com)
  • Though the reviewers did find that six or less hours of sleep was associated with a 12% increased risk of death, they also found a 30% increase linked with nine or more hours. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Standard sleep (the reference category): seven hours (most studies), 6-8 hours, 7-8 hours, 7-9 hours, nine hours. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Short' sleep: four hours or less, five hours or less, six hours or less. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Long' sleep: nine hours or more, 10 hours or more, 12 hours or more. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Well I either don't sleep for days or when I do crash I still wake up every 3-4 hours just to toss and turn. (medhelp.org)
  • I stopped taking it a year ago but still wake up after 4 hours of sleep. (drugs.com)
  • If she's sleeping for 13 or 14 hours a day, that's normal for a child her age and there's no need to worry. (parents.com)
  • But if your daughter has increased her total amount of sleep by more than an hour a day or is logging 15 or more hours, have your pediatrician check for an underlying cause. (parents.com)
  • Retired and elderly people frequently come to his office and ask why they can't sleep more than eight hours, he said. (reuters.com)
  • Here was a genetic variant that appeared to allow carriers to get the same benefit from six hours of sleep as most of us get from eight. (newyorker.com)
  • In reality, only 15 percent of teenagers sleep for 8 ½ hours or more during the school week and more than one-quarter of teenagers sleep less than seven hours. (go.com)
  • Scientists at the University of Luebeck in Germany found that volunteers taking a simple math test were three times more likely than sleep-deprived participants to figure out a hidden rule for converting the numbers into the right answer if they had eight hours of sleep. (go.com)
  • The 2013 study found that, over two decades, the percentage of survey participants who reported sleeping for more than nine hours over a 24-hour period increased from 28 percent in 1985 to 37 percent in 2007. (livescience.com)
  • This type of sleep apnea is related to the function of the central nervous system. (familydoctor.org)
  • According to the National Institutes of Health, approximately 18 million people in the United States suffer from sleep apnea with fewer than 50% properly diagnosed. (amazonaws.com)
  • It is estimated than 1 to 4 percent of children suffer from sleep apnea. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Based on a 1995 study, elderly African Americans are more than twice as likely as elderly whites to suffer from sleep apnea. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Long-term cardiovascular outcomes in men with obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea with or without treatment with continuous positive pressure: an observational study. (springer.com)
  • As many people with OSA experience episodes of both apnoea and hypopnoea, doctors sometimes refer to the condition as obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea syndrome, or OSAHS. (www.nhs.uk)
  • Sleep is an essential part of our body's self-healing and repairing mechanism. (news-medical.net)
  • These do not have any ill effect on the body's health or on the quality of sleep. (news-medical.net)
  • Sticking to regular bedtimes and wake times reinforces circadian rhythms and helps to regulate the body's sleep drive. (psychcentral.com)
  • Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can make the body's oxygen levels fall and interrupt sleep. (kidshealth.org)
  • This condition, known as sleep apnea, affects an estimated 22 million Americans. (nytimes.com)
  • What we don't realize is that this definitely affects our sleep. (buzzfeed.com)
  • Sleep apnea affects an estimated 5% to 10% of Americans and is undiagnosed in most of them. (usatoday.com)
  • Sleep apnea - which affects an estimated 5% to 10% of Americans and is undiagnosed in most of them - can also lead to obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure, strokes and heart attacks. (usatoday.com)
  • One treatment involves using a device that uses positive pressure to keep your airway open while you sleep. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Another option is continuous positive airway pressure, which involves wearing a mask over the nose and mouth during sleep this treatment keeps the airway open by forcing air into the nasal passages. (infoplease.com)
  • Exhausted, insomniac Americans filled 47.8 million prescriptions for sleeping pills last year, spending $3.6 billion, or 30% more than the year before, says IMS Health. (forbes.com)
  • Approximately 6 - 7% of the population of the United States , or 18 million Americans, are thought to have sleep apnea, but only 10 million have symptoms, and only 0.6 million have yet been diagnosed. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Previous studies have shown that 70 million Americans are sleep-deprived, contributing to increased accidents, worsening health and lower test scores. (go.com)
  • The classification was made on the basis of average duration of sleep and the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, a standard questionnaire-based assessment of sleep quality. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Although the occurrence of sleep is not perfectly regular under all conditions, it is at least partially predictable from a knowledge of the duration of prior sleep periods and of the intervals between periods of sleep, and, although the onset of sleep may be facilitated by a variety of environmental or chemical means, sleep states are not thought of as being absolutely dependent upon such manipulations. (britannica.com)
  • Although scientists have suspected for a while that sleep continuity is important for memory, it has not been easy to investigate, because the technology that allows manipulation of continuity of sleep without affecting other variables like quality and overall duration, has not been available until recently. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This is a large, well-conducted review of studies looking at the relationship between sleep duration and death. (www.nhs.uk)
  • However, both sleep and lifespan are significantly affected by physical and mental health, and sleep duration might be a better general indicator of health, rather than risk of death. (www.nhs.uk)
  • This type of review is the best way of assessing the current evidence for a potential association - in this case, between duration of sleep and death. (www.nhs.uk)
  • The authors searched several major medical databases for all published cohort studies on sleep duration and death from any cause (all-cause mortality). (www.nhs.uk)
  • All studies assessed sleep duration by questionnaire, and all assessed the outcome of death through death certificates. (www.nhs.uk)
  • One of mine has to do with the causal direction of depression and sleep problems. (motherjones.com)
  • If there are any underlying health conditions that may be affecting sleep, such as depression or anxiety, these should be addressed before hypnotic medications are introduced. (news-medical.net)
  • While sleep texting seems like little more than a quirky offshoot of this extreme mobile attachment, it has the potential to result in stress, sleeplessness, and even subsequent depression. (usatoday.com)
  • Not getting enough sleep is linked to an increase likelihood of mental health issues such as depression, anxiety and substance abuse. (prweb.com)
  • In experimental studies, sleep has also been defined in terms of physiological variables generally associated with recurring periods of inactivity identified behaviorally as sleep. (britannica.com)
  • If you have sleep apnea, periods of not breathing can disturb your sleep (even if they don't fully wake you up). (familydoctor.org)
  • The women, by contrast, slept nearly 20 minutes less and awoke more often and for longer periods when they had alcohol in their system. (cnn.com)
  • The results "give us good reason to fully respect our periods of sleep - especially given the current trend to recklessly curtail them," they said. (go.com)
  • A lot of people snore, and the fact is that not every snorer has sleep apnea. (nytimes.com)
  • People with sleep apnea often snore loudly. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Most people with obstructive sleep apnea tend to be obese and snore loudly. (infoplease.com)
  • Does your child snore or show other signs of disturbed sleep? (healthfinder.gov)
  • While they sleep, some students snore. (usatoday.com)
  • This page lists by state, sleep centers or labs accredited by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Our study is the first to conclusively demonstrate that inadequate sleep is correlated with reduced skin health and accelerates skin aging. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • The quality of your sleep has a dramatic impact on your health, well-being and overall quality of life. (aadsm.org)
  • Snoring and obstructive sleep apnea disrupt your sleep and increase your risk of severe health problems. (aadsm.org)
  • Sleep-disordered breathing and cardiovascular disease: cross sectional results of the Sleep Heart Health Study. (springer.com)
  • Messages in the media that are inconsistent with health care messages create confusion and misinformation about infant sleep safety and may lead inadvertently to unsafe practices. (aap.org)
  • The sleep laboratory, under the aegis of Prof. A.H. Crisp, St. George's chief psychiatrist, is one of the National Health Service's last surviving sleep laboratories. (newyorker.com)
  • The amount of sleep you need depends on several factors, including your age, lifestyle, health, and whether you have been getting enough sleep recently. (medlineplus.gov)
  • What are the health effects of not getting enough sleep? (medlineplus.gov)
  • Sleep is important for overall health. (medlineplus.gov)
  • RAND's Wendy Troxel shares the science behind the health of sleeping with a partner or not, and provides insights about how to navigate these choices in our relationships. (rand.org)
  • This weekly recap focuses on the link between civic engagement and health, policy insights from the State of the Union address, what couples can do to improve their sleep, and more. (rand.org)
  • Discover the cause of your snoring and find the right cure that may improve your health, your relationships, and your sleep. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Getting good quality sleep is vital for good health… but with our busy lifestyles, sometimes sleep can be challenging! (buzzfeed.com)
  • Research provides strong evidence that you may be harming your health by restricting your sleep," he said. (forbes.com)
  • Most of the early literature focused on men,' says the lead author of the study, J. Todd Arnedt, Ph.D., director of the behavioral sleep medicine program at the University of Michigan Health System in Ann Arbor. (cnn.com)
  • Despite the extensive research showing otherwise, people commonly - and mistakenly- use alcohol as a sleep aid, says Akram Khan, M.D., a sleep specialist at Oregon Health and Sciences University in Portland. (cnn.com)
  • Working to bolster your sleep can bolster your relationship quality, and vice versa, and individually or collectively, they can both bolster your health. (rand.org)
  • Severe lack of sleep can lead to a range of health problems, and even if you were successful, you might shorten your lifespan doing so (thereby negating the benefits of being awake longer). (techdirt.com)
  • It's this way of thinking-that you can power through, that sleep is the easiest corner to cut-that makes sleep disturbance among the most common sources of health problems in many countries. (theatlantic.com)
  • Do you work in any of these fields, do you find the lack of sleep is taking a toll on your overall health. (slideshare.net)
  • Sleep can have such a huge impact on your health and your ability to perform at your best, so make it a priority! (sfu.ca)
  • The impact of normal sleep and the influence of disordered sleep on health and well-being are emphasized. (bcm.edu)
  • The roles of the sleep specialist in primary, secondary and tertiary prevention and the collaboration with other health professionals are stressed. (bcm.edu)
  • The Sleep Medicine Fellowship training provides training in four of our affiliates including Michael E. DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Harris Health System, Baylor St. Luke's Medical Center, and Texas Children's Hospital. (bcm.edu)
  • While being paralysed for a few minutes can be a very unsettling experience, the condition of sleep paralysis is not inherently dangerous to the health of the person. (news-medical.net)
  • It is important to find out the true cause of sleep paralysis, if any, and treat it, so as to improve the health of the person. (news-medical.net)
  • In many cases, sleep problems in seniors can be traced to other medical conditions , or to the side effects of medications used to treat health problems. (psychcentral.com)
  • In addition to sleep, osteoarthritis, cognitive impairment, anxiety and physical health independently predicted the onset of widespread pain and are important treatment targets," he added. (reuters.com)
  • Typically what happens is that you don't know what came first - does bad sleep cause pain or is the pain causing bad sleep - you don't know what's causing what," Mokhlesi told Reuters Health. (reuters.com)
  • This campaign, hosted by the National Sleep Foundation, is a week-long event dedicated to recognizing the health benefits of sleep. (prweb.com)
  • Take control of tooth sensitivity and improve gum health with Sensodyne Sensitivity & Gum https://www.sensodyne.com/en-us/ YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/user/SensodyneUS Twitter: https://twitter.com/Sensodyne_US Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SensodyneUS/ Here's everything the Newfoundland and I do before getting to bed! (msn.com)
  • The agency recommends that people who take sleep medications talk to their health care professional about ways to take the lowest effective dose. (fda.gov)
  • Even with the new dosing recommendations, it's important to work with your health care professional to find the sleep medicine and dose that work best for you,' he says. (fda.gov)
  • The Food & Drug Administration last month ordered that warnings of such bizarre possibilities should be handed out to patients picking up Lunesta, Ambien and 11 other sleeping pills. (forbes.com)
  • The diagnosis and stratification of sleep apnoea is defined and available treatments detailed. (springer.com)
  • If you suspect your child may have this condition, learn more about diagnosis and treatment, and open the link provided to find a directory of pediatric sleep specialists. (healthfinder.gov)
  • Sleep Disturbances in the Elderly. (medscape.com)
  • Addressing sleep disturbances during treatment is key to achieving emotional regulation. (prweb.com)
  • CPAP therapy requires you to wear a mask as you sleep. (aadsm.org)
  • Your doctor should consider giving you a prescription for a sleep apnea appliance if you are unable to tolerate CPAP therapy or prefer an alternate treatment. (aadsm.org)
  • Studies abound about the dangers of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and the benefits of the CPAP or Continuous Positive Airway Pressure therapy machine to treat it. (forbes.com)
  • With millions of sufferers remaining undiagnosed, it is critical to raise nationwide awareness about obstructive sleep apnea so that it can be treated with CPAP therapy, which can reduce the risk of cardiovascular death," Dasgupta said. (forbes.com)
  • new treatments give patients more alternatives to the CPAP machine, with a sleep mask many people say is uncomfortable. (usatoday.com)
  • He's given up the large CPAP mask that is the standard treatment and now uses disposable Provent Sleep Apnea Therapy nose patches. (usatoday.com)
  • The standard treatment for sleep apnea is sleeping with a face mask on a continuous positive airway pressure, or CPAP, machine. (usatoday.com)
  • The CPAP has been the standard of care for sleep apnea for three decades, and it helps nearly all the people who faithfully use it - though Bleck's reaction is quite common. (usatoday.com)
  • In CPAP therapy, a person wears a mask during sleep. (kidshealth.org)
  • In the latter condition, there are repeated episodes of upper airway obstruction during sleep, typically reducing blood oxygen saturation. (encyclopedia.com)
  • NREM sleep typically begins in the lighter stages (N1 and N2) and progressively deepens to slow-wave sleep as evidenced by higher-voltage delta waves. (medscape.com)
  • The results also may explain the memory problems associated with aging because older people typically have trouble getting enough sleep, especially the kind of deep sleep needed to process memories, Born said. (go.com)
  • Internal circadian indicators, along with a successful reduction of homeostatic sleep need, typically bring about awakening and the end of the sleep cycle. (wikipedia.org)
  • In some severe cases of sleep apnea, upper airway surgery may be another treatment option. (aadsm.org)
  • Sleep, its effect on the upper airway, and how this can lead to apnoeic events is described, as are the wider consequences of recurrent apnoeas on the cardiovascular system and normal daytime function. (springer.com)
  • Sleep apnea is generally caused by a crowded upper airway, muscle weakness around the throat, or weight gain that adds fat around the airway, leading to collapse during sleep. (usatoday.com)
  • Lifestyle changes, mouthpieces, surgery, and breathing devices can treat sleep apnea in many people. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Keep soft bedding such as blankets, pillows, bumper pads, and soft toys out of their baby's sleep area, and room share but not bed share with babies. (cdc.gov)
  • Keep soft bedding such as blankets, pillows, and other soft objects out of their baby's sleep area, and room share but not bed share with babies. (cdc.gov)
  • More than half of all people with severe sleep apnea have hypertension. (nytimes.com)
  • If sleep apnea is diagnosed, then appropriate treatment would depend on whether you have been diagnosed with mild, moderate or severe sleep apnea. (amazonaws.com)
  • Recommendations for the management of patients with obstructive sleep apnoea and hypertension. (springer.com)
  • Because many patients with obstructive sleep apnea have no major structural defects in the airway and are not obese, other factors such as disordered control of ventilation and changes in lung volume during sleep may play a role in causing the condition. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The study involved 60 pre-menopausal women between the ages of 30 and 49, with half of them falling into the poor quality sleep category. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Listen, not everyone is a morning person, but there are some things you can do to improve the quality of your sleep so you can condition yourself to get up earlier, feeling more refreshed and rejuvenated than ever. (yahoo.com)
  • The quality of the sleep you get is also important. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Good news, though: Top sleep specialists are now taking a more realistic approach to helping women get some quality shut-eye. (yahoo.com)
  • With over fifty years of experience in the sleep industry, Signature Sleep offers customers comfort without compromise - providing excellent quality mattresses which are durable yet affordable. (prnewswire.com)
  • This may lead to regularly interrupted sleep, which can have a big impact on quality of life and increases the risk of developing certain conditions. (www.nhs.uk)
  • People with certain neurological and psychiatric conditions that affect sleep continuity without affecting total sleep or sleep quality, often have memory problems. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Sleep was measured objectively (actigraphy, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) and subjectively (self-report sleep diaries). (medscape.com)
  • Both sexes thought that sleep quality was worse after alcohol,' Arnedt says. (cnn.com)
  • rather, the quality of sleep is more important for making new memories. (psychologytoday.com)
  • From there on, sleep quality worsens in subtle ways that become more profound as we age. (psychologytoday.com)
  • But how well (or poorly) we sleep is clearly tied to the quality of our closest relationships. (rand.org)
  • Age-related alterations to circadian function appear to compromise sleep quality and sleep quantity. (psychcentral.com)
  • She said the findings were similar to those from a 2002 study of college students that compared feelings of loneliness to sleep quality. (reuters.com)
  • With summer fast approaching, getting fit for beach weather calls for healthy eating and plenty of quality sleep. (foxnews.com)
  • Skipping meals and eating too few calories can cause nutritional gaps that affect sleep quality. (foxnews.com)
  • Research conducted at the University of Chicago found that people who slept poorly were more inclined to eat sugary, refined carbohydrates. (foxnews.com)
  • People who sleep poorly can be more irritable, erratic and short-fused. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Bruxism , involuntarily grinding or clenching of the teeth while sleeping. (wikipedia.org)
  • What Is a Sleep Study? (kidshealth.org)
  • A sleep study (also called a polysomnogram ) helps doctors diagnose sleep problems. (kidshealth.org)
  • Why Is a Sleep Study Done? (kidshealth.org)
  • How Should We Prepare for a Sleep Study? (kidshealth.org)
  • What Happens During a Sleep Study? (kidshealth.org)
  • Can I Stay With My Child During a Sleep Study? (kidshealth.org)
  • Yes, parents or guardians can stay overnight while their child gets a sleep study. (kidshealth.org)
  • How Long Does a Sleep Study Take? (kidshealth.org)
  • When Are Sleep Study Results Ready? (kidshealth.org)
  • Doctors get a lot of information from a sleep study. (kidshealth.org)
  • Personal items from home can help your child feel comfortable during a sleep study. (kidshealth.org)
  • These connections between sleep and skin aging, now supported with solid scientific data, will have a profound effect on how we study skin and its functions. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Peppard PE, Young T, Palta M, Skatrud J. Prospective study of the association between sleep-disordered breathing and hypertension. (springer.com)
  • Coronary heart disease incidence in sleep disordered breathing: the Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study. (springer.com)
  • The authors of this study evaluated pictures in magazines widely read by women of childbearing age, for adherence to AAP guidelines for safe infant sleep practices. (aap.org)
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the curriculum and train-the-trainer model in changing knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors (reported and observed) in child care providers with regards to sleep position and other elements of a safe sleep environment for infants. (aap.org)
  • After your history and physical exam, if we suspect sleep apnea, then a sleep study would be ordered. (amazonaws.com)
  • The sleep study may be done at one of our affiliated sleep labs or a home sleep study might be ordered. (amazonaws.com)
  • With her colleagues she now plans to study other sleep mechanisms that affect memory. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • You may also need to take some equipment home with you to do a sleep study there. (familydoctor.org)
  • Do I need a sleep study? (familydoctor.org)
  • A recent study conducted by Dr. Isabelle Arnulf of the Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital in Paris, France, investigated what sleep talkers are likely to say, and found that, in 10 percent of cases, sleep speech is rich in swear words and negative content. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A referral form is required from a referring physician for a sleep study. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • If you are a physician and believe your patient warrants a sleep study before clinic evaluation, please complete a referral form . (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • If you are a patient scheduled for a sleep study, please read this information about preparing for your sleep study . (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Dasgupta is referring to a study done last year by several departments of otolaryngology, head and neck surgery and sleep medicine at Shanghai Jiao Tong University in China. (forbes.com)
  • The study took place in a sleep lab. (cnn.com)
  • For 5 nights in a row they all slept at a sleep study clinic. (slideshare.net)
  • Coming to grips with a "new" state of consciousness: the study of rapid-eye-movement sleep in the 1960s. (medscape.com)
  • I've gone to sleep specialists and did a sleep study. (drugs.com)
  • Whether sleep facilitates memory consolidation is a question as old as the experimental study of memory itself. (psychcentral.com)
  • Once operating in relative obscurity, the sociological study of sleep has in recent years become a flourishing area of scholarly research generating unique insights into the ways in which sleep is socially negotiated, influenced, and organized. (routledge.com)
  • The study cannot prove that unrestful sleep is either a cause or effect of widespread pain, but more research is needed to understand the relationship, Wilkie and his colleagues write. (reuters.com)
  • To measure sleep, study volunteers wore wrist bands that measured their activity and level of restlessness during sleep. (reuters.com)
  • New study confirms the benefits of using LowBlueLights.com products for enhancing sleep. (prweb.com)
  • Luc Schlangen of Phillips Lighting and co-author of the paper stated, "The study findings show us that an optimized and more sleep-friendly definition of the indoor light environment in the evenings is desired. (prweb.com)
  • The German study is considered to be the first hard evidence supporting the common sense notion that creativity and problem solving appear to be directly linked to adequate sleep, scientists say. (go.com)
  • Maquet and Ruby both say the study should be considered a warning to schools, employers and government agencies that sleep makes a huge difference in mental performance. (go.com)
  • Your doctor might refer you to a sleep specialist or recommend a sleep study. (kidshealth.org)
  • Not getting enough sleep may make you grouchy, but you could feel even worse if your sleep is frequently interrupted, compared to if you simply go to bed late, a recent study suggests. (livescience.com)
  • But a 2015 study suggests that modern humans don't get less sleep than their prehistoric ancestors - in fact, we may get more. (livescience.com)
  • Unfortunately, there doesn't seem to be anything wrong enough with my sleep that it's obvious on a routine sleep test. (motherjones.com)
  • Women learn the importance of establishing a sleep routine including, reading, bathing and journaling before bed, to unwind the body and mind. (prweb.com)
  • A good sleep routine, exercise and mindfulness are all options to get the restorative sleep you need. (medicinenet.com)
  • The AAP Policy Statement 'SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: Updated 2016 Recommendations for a Safe Infant Sleeping Environment ,' and Technical Report , draws on new research and serves as the first update to Academy policy since 2011. (aap.org)
  • Ask your doctor about any sleep problem that leaves you chronically fatigued, sleepy and irritable. (mayoclinic.org)
  • Sleep is a highly conserved behavior across animal evolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although REM stands for "rapid eye movement", this mode of sleep has many other aspects, including virtual paralysis of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sleep paralysis , characterized by temporary paralysis of the body shortly before or after sleep. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sleep paralysis may be accompanied by visual , auditory or tactile hallucinations . (wikipedia.org)
  • Previous research thought neurotransmitter receptors called ionotropic GABAA/glycine receptors in the motor neurons caused REM sleep paralysis. (redorbit.com)
  • What is Sleep Paralysis? (news-medical.net)
  • There is no unnatural influence of ghosts, ghouls or witchcraft behind sleep paralysis. (news-medical.net)
  • How is Sleep Paralysis Diagnosed? (news-medical.net)
  • Isolated incidents of sleep paralysis are experienced by most of the world's population. (news-medical.net)
  • Most people who develop recurrent sleep paralysis get used to the condition. (news-medical.net)
  • Is Sleep Paralysis Dangerous? (news-medical.net)
  • Can Sleep Paralysis be Prevented? (news-medical.net)
  • There are a number of reasons for sleep paralysis. (news-medical.net)
  • If these triggers are removed, most people will begin to experience a reduction in the episodes of sleep paralysis. (news-medical.net)
  • Those with psychiatric issues as well as sleep paralysis may benefit from appropriate care and medication to address the main psychiatric issue. (news-medical.net)
  • It is important to remember that medication for certain conditions is also a possible trigger for sleep paralysis. (news-medical.net)
  • Most people suffer from inadequate sleep and this predisposes them to episodes of sleep paralysis. (news-medical.net)
  • This disrupts the sleep pattern of the person and could trigger sleep paralysis. (news-medical.net)