Skull: The SKELETON of the HEAD including the FACIAL BONES and the bones enclosing the BRAIN.Skull Base: The inferior region of the skull consisting of an internal (cerebral), and an external (basilar) surface.Skull Neoplasms: Neoplasms of the bony part of the skull.Skull Base Neoplasms: Neoplasms of the base of the skull specifically, differentiated from neoplasms of unspecified sites or bones of the skull (SKULL NEOPLASMS).Skull Fractures: Fractures of the skull which may result from penetrating or nonpenetrating head injuries or rarely BONE DISEASES (see also FRACTURES, SPONTANEOUS). Skull fractures may be classified by location (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, BASILAR), radiographic appearance (e.g., linear), or based upon cranial integrity (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE, DEPRESSED).Skull Fracture, Depressed: A skull fracture characterized by inward depression of a fragment or section of cranial bone, often compressing the underlying dura mater and brain. Depressed cranial fractures which feature open skin wounds that communicate with skull fragments are referred to as compound depressed skull fractures.Parietal Bone: One of a pair of irregularly shaped quadrilateral bones situated between the FRONTAL BONE and OCCIPITAL BONE, which together form the sides of the CRANIUM.Cranial Sutures: A type of fibrous joint between bones of the head.Craniosynostoses: Premature closure of one or more CRANIAL SUTURES. It often results in plagiocephaly. Craniosynostoses that involve multiple sutures are sometimes associated with congenital syndromes such as ACROCEPHALOSYNDACTYLIA; and CRANIOFACIAL DYSOSTOSIS.Occipital Bone: Part of the back and base of the CRANIUM that encloses the FORAMEN MAGNUM.Dinosaurs: General name for two extinct orders of reptiles from the Mesozoic era: Saurischia and Ornithischia.Skull Fracture, Basilar: Fractures which extend through the base of the SKULL, usually involving the PETROUS BONE. Battle's sign (characterized by skin discoloration due to extravasation of blood into the subcutaneous tissue behind the ear and over the mastoid process), CRANIAL NEUROPATHIES, TRAUMATIC; CAROTID-CAVERNOUS SINUS FISTULA; and CEREBROSPINAL FLUID OTORRHEA are relatively frequent sequelae of this condition. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p876)Fossils: Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.Chordoma: A malignant tumor arising from the embryonic remains of the notochord. It is also called chordocarcinoma, chordoepithelioma, and notochordoma. (Dorland, 27th ed)Zygoma: Either of a pair of bones that form the prominent part of the CHEEK and contribute to the ORBIT on each side of the SKULL.Cephalometry: The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.Sphenoid Bone: An irregular unpaired bone situated at the SKULL BASE and wedged between the frontal, temporal, and occipital bones (FRONTAL BONE; TEMPORAL BONE; OCCIPITAL BONE). Sphenoid bone consists of a median body and three pairs of processes resembling a bat with spread wings. The body is hollowed out in its inferior to form two large cavities (SPHENOID SINUS).Temporal Bone: Either of a pair of compound bones forming the lateral (left and right) surfaces and base of the skull which contains the organs of hearing. It is a large bone formed by the fusion of parts: the squamous (the flattened anterior-superior part), the tympanic (the curved anterior-inferior part), the mastoid (the irregular posterior portion), and the petrous (the part at the base of the skull).Craniotomy: Any operation on the cranium or incision into the cranium. (Dorland, 28th ed)Cerebrospinal Fluid Rhinorrhea: Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through the nose. Common etiologies include trauma, neoplasms, and prior surgery, although the condition may occur spontaneously. (Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1997 Apr;116(4):442-9)Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Bite Force: The force applied by the masticatory muscles in dental occlusion.Facial Bones: The facial skeleton, consisting of bones situated between the cranial base and the mandibular region. While some consider the facial bones to comprise the hyoid (HYOID BONE), palatine (HARD PALATE), and zygomatic (ZYGOMA) bones, MANDIBLE, and MAXILLA, others include also the lacrimal and nasal bones, inferior nasal concha, and vomer but exclude the hyoid bone. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p113)Scalp: The outer covering of the calvaria. It is composed of several layers: SKIN; subcutaneous connective tissue; the occipitofrontal muscle which includes the tendinous galea aponeurotica; loose connective tissue; and the pericranium (the PERIOSTEUM of the SKULL).Sex Determination by Skeleton: Validation of the sex of an individual by means of the bones of the SKELETON. It is most commonly based on the appearance of the PELVIS; SKULL; STERNUM; and/or long bones.Craniocerebral Trauma: Traumatic injuries involving the cranium and intracranial structures (i.e., BRAIN; CRANIAL NERVES; MENINGES; and other structures). Injuries may be classified by whether or not the skull is penetrated (i.e., penetrating vs. nonpenetrating) or whether there is an associated hemorrhage.Dentition: The teeth collectively in the dental arch. Dentition ordinarily refers to the natural teeth in position in their alveoli. Dentition referring to the deciduous teeth is DENTITION, PRIMARY; to the permanent teeth, DENTITION, PERMANENT. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Models, Anatomic: Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.Meningioma: A relatively common neoplasm of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that arises from arachnoidal cells. The majority are well differentiated vascular tumors which grow slowly and have a low potential to be invasive, although malignant subtypes occur. Meningiomas have a predilection to arise from the parasagittal region, cerebral convexity, sphenoidal ridge, olfactory groove, and SPINAL CANAL. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2056-7)Surgical Equipment: Nonexpendable apparatus used during surgical procedures. They are differentiated from SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS, usually hand-held and used in the immediate operative field.Mandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.Foramen Magnum: The large hole at the base of the skull through which the SPINAL CORD passes.Kinesis: Locomotor behavior not involving a steering reaction, but in which there may be a turning random in direction. It includes orthokinesis, the rate of movement and klinokinesis, the amount of turning, which are related to the intensity of stimulation.Mastication: The act and process of chewing and grinding food in the mouth.Ethmoid Bone: A light and spongy (pneumatized) bone that lies between the orbital part of FRONTAL BONE and the anterior of SPHENOID BONE. Ethmoid bone separates the ORBIT from the ETHMOID SINUS. It consists of a horizontal plate, a perpendicular plate, and two lateral labyrinths.Orbit: Bony cavity that holds the eyeball and its associated tissues and appendages.Head Injuries, Penetrating: Head injuries which feature compromise of the skull and dura mater. These may result from gunshot wounds (WOUNDS, GUNSHOT), stab wounds (WOUNDS, STAB), and other forms of trauma.Petrous Bone: The dense rock-like part of temporal bone that contains the INNER EAR. Petrous bone is located at the base of the skull. Sometimes it is combined with the MASTOID PROCESS and called petromastoid part of temporal bone.Jaw: Bony structure of the mouth that holds the teeth. It consists of the MANDIBLE and the MAXILLA.Plagiocephaly: The condition characterized by uneven or irregular shape of the head often in parallelogram shape with a flat spot on the back or one side of the head. It can either result from the premature CRANIAL SUTURE closure (CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS) or from external forces (NONSYNOSTOTIC PLAGIOCEPHALY).Osteoma: A benign tumor composed of bone tissue or a hard tumor of bonelike structure developing on a bone (homoplastic osteoma) or on other structures (heteroplastic osteoma). (From Dorland, 27th ed)Finite Element Analysis: A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.Paleontology: The study of early forms of life through fossil remains.Sphenoid Sinus: One of the paired air spaces located in the body of the SPHENOID BONE behind the ETHMOID BONE in the middle of the skull. Sphenoid sinus communicates with the posterosuperior part of NASAL CAVITY on the same side.Paleopathology: The study of disease in prehistoric times as revealed in bones, mummies, and archaeologic artifacts.Anatomy, Comparative: The comparative study of animal structure with regard to homologous organs or parts. (Stedman, 25th ed)Acrocephalosyndactylia: Congenital craniostenosis with syndactyly.Craniofacial Abnormalities: Congenital structural deformities, malformations, or other abnormalities of the cranium and facial bones.Dura Mater: The outermost of the three MENINGES, a fibrous membrane of connective tissue that covers the brain and the spinal cord.Mastoid: The posterior part of the temporal bone. It is a projection of the petrous bone.Cranial Fossa, Posterior: The infratentorial compartment that contains the CEREBELLUM and BRAIN STEM. It is formed by the posterior third of the superior surface of the body of the sphenoid (SPHENOID BONE), by the occipital, the petrous, and mastoid portions of the TEMPORAL BONE, and the posterior inferior angle of the PARIETAL BONE.Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Meningeal Neoplasms: Benign and malignant neoplastic processes that arise from or secondarily involve the meningeal coverings of the brain and spinal cord.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Masticatory Muscles: Muscles arising in the zygomatic arch that close the jaw. Their nerve supply is masseteric from the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Alligators and Crocodiles: Large, long-tailed reptiles, including caimans, of the order Loricata.Craniofacial Dysostosis: Autosomal dominant CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS with shallow ORBITS; EXOPHTHALMOS; and maxillary hypoplasia.Cranial Nerve Diseases: Disorders of one or more of the twelve cranial nerves. With the exception of the optic and olfactory nerves, this includes disorders of the brain stem nuclei from which the cranial nerves originate or terminate.Head: The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.Neurosurgical Procedures: Surgery performed on the nervous system or its parts.Palate, Hard: The anteriorly located rigid section of the PALATE.Biological Evolution: The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.Encephalocele: Brain tissue herniation through a congenital or acquired defect in the skull. The majority of congenital encephaloceles occur in the occipital or frontal regions. Clinical features include a protuberant mass that may be pulsatile. The quantity and location of protruding neural tissue determines the type and degree of neurologic deficit. Visual defects, psychomotor developmental delay, and persistent motor deficits frequently occur.Hyperostosis: Increase in the mass of bone per unit volume.Cerebrospinal Fluid Otorrhea: Discharge of cerebrospinal fluid through the external auditory meatus or through the eustachian tube into the nasopharynx. This is usually associated with CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA (e.g., SKULL FRACTURE involving the TEMPORAL BONE;), NEUROSURGICAL PROCEDURES; or other conditions, but may rarely occur spontaneously. (From Am J Otol 1995 Nov;16(6):765-71)Body Weights and Measures: Measurements of the height, weight, length, area, etc., of the human and animal body or its parts.Osteitis Deformans: A disease marked by repeated episodes of increased bone resorption followed by excessive attempts at repair, resulting in weakened, deformed bones of increased mass. The resultant architecture of the bone assumes a mosaic pattern in which the fibers take on a haphazard pattern instead of the normal parallel symmetry.Traction: The pull on a limb or a part thereof. Skin traction (indirect traction) is applied by using a bandage to pull on the skin and fascia where light traction is required. Skeletal traction (direct traction), however, uses pins or wires inserted through bone and is attached to weights, pulleys, and ropes. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed)Cranial Sinuses: Large endothelium-lined venous channels situated between the two layers of DURA MATER, the endosteal and the meningeal layers. They are devoid of valves and are parts of the venous system of dura mater. Major cranial sinuses include a postero-superior group (such as superior sagittal, inferior sagittal, straight, transverse, and occipital) and an antero-inferior group (such as cavernous, petrosal, and basilar plexus).Head Injuries, Closed: Traumatic injuries to the cranium where the integrity of the skull is not compromised and no bone fragments or other objects penetrate the skull and dura mater. This frequently results in mechanical injury being transmitted to intracranial structures which may produce traumatic brain injuries, hemorrhage, or cranial nerve injury. (From Rowland, Merritt's Textbook of Neurology, 9th ed, p417)Maxilla: One of a pair of irregularly shaped bones that form the upper jaw. A maxillary bone provides tooth sockets for the superior teeth, forms part of the ORBIT, and contains the MAXILLARY SINUS.Skeleton: The rigid framework of connected bones that gives form to the body, protects and supports its soft organs and tissues, and provides attachments for MUSCLES.Endoscopy: Procedures of applying ENDOSCOPES for disease diagnosis and treatment. Endoscopy involves passing an optical instrument through a small incision in the skin i.e., percutaneous; or through a natural orifice and along natural body pathways such as the digestive tract; and/or through an incision in the wall of a tubular structure or organ, i.e. transluminal, to examine or perform surgery on the interior parts of the body.Bone Diseases: Diseases of BONES.Meninges: The three membranes that cover the BRAIN and the SPINAL CORD. They are the dura mater, the arachnoid, and the pia mater.Mummies: Bodies preserved either by the ancient Egyptian technique or due to chance under favorable climatic conditions.LizardsParanasal Sinuses: Air-filled spaces located within the bones around the NASAL CAVITY. They are extensions of the nasal cavity and lined by the ciliated NASAL MUCOSA. Each sinus is named for the cranial bone in which it is located, such as the ETHMOID SINUS; the FRONTAL SINUS; the MAXILLARY SINUS; and the SPHENOID SINUS.Microsurgery: The performance of surgical procedures with the aid of a microscope.Nasal Bone: Either one of the two small elongated rectangular bones that together form the bridge of the nose.Nasal Cavity: The proximal portion of the respiratory passages on either side of the NASAL SEPTUM. Nasal cavities, extending from the nares to the NASOPHARYNX, are lined with ciliated NASAL MUCOSA.Beak: In some animals, the jaws together with their horny covering. The beak usually refers to the bill of birds in which the whole varies greatly in form according of the food and habits of the bird. While the beak refers most commonly to birds, the anatomical counterpart is found also in the turtle, squid, and octopus. (From Webster, 3d ed & Storer, et al., General Zoology, 6th ed, p491, 755)Neuronavigation: Intraoperative computer-assisted 3D navigation and guidance system generally used in neurosurgery for tracking surgical tools and localize them with respect to the patient's 3D anatomy. The pre-operative diagnostic scan is used as a reference and is transferred onto the operative field during surgery.Reconstructive Surgical Procedures: Procedures used to reconstruct, restore, or improve defective, damaged, or missing structures.Atlanto-Occipital Joint: The point of articulation between the OCCIPITAL BONE and the CERVICAL ATLAS.Famous PersonsHistory, Ancient: The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Bone resorption induced by parathyroid hormone is strikingly diminished in collagenase-resistant mutant mice. (1/2390)Parathyroid hormone (PTH) stimulates bone resorption by acting directly on osteoblasts/stromal cells and then indirectly to increase differentiation and function of osteoclasts. PTH acting on osteoblasts/stromal cells increases collagenase gene transcription and synthesis. To assess the role of collagenase in the bone resorptive actions of PTH, we used mice homozygous (r/r) for a targeted mutation (r) in Col1a1 that are resistant to collagenase cleavage of type I collagen. Human PTH(1-34) was injected subcutaneously over the hemicalvariae in wild-type (+/+) or r/r mice four times daily for three days. Osteoclast numbers, the size of the bone marrow spaces and periosteal proliferation were increased in calvariae from PTH-treated +/+ mice, whereas in r/r mice, PTH-induced bone resorption responses were minimal. The r/r mice were not resistant to other skeletal effects of PTH because abundant interstitial collagenase mRNA was detected in the calvarial periosteum of PTH-treated, but not vehicle-treated, r/r and +/+ mice. Calcemic responses, 0.5-10 hours after intraperitoneal injection of PTH, were blunted in r/r mice versus +/+ mice. Thus, collagenase cleavage of type I collagen is necessary for PTH induction of osteoclastic bone resorption. (+info)
Lipoma of the corpus callosum. (2/2390)Lipoma of the corpus callosum is a rare congenital condition, often asymptomatic, but which may present as epilepsy, hemiplegia, dementia, or headaches. This paper reviews the condition and reports the only two cases which are known to the Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street, London. The second case demonstrated the value of computerised axial tomography (EMI scan) in making the diagnosis and showing associated anomalies. (+info)
Ocular development and involution in the European cave salamander, Proteus anguinus laurenti. (3/2390)The anatomy and development of the eye of Proteus anguinus are described. The relationships between organogenesis of the eye in embryos and larva and its involution in the young and the adult are discussed. The availability (in breeding cultures) of a significant number of Proteus embryos (which are normally rare) allowed experimental analysis of the effects of light, xenoplastic differentiation and thyroid hormones on the development of the eye. The results of this study suggest that development and involution of the eye of Proteus are controlled by genetic factors which are not greatly influenced by environment, and one can, therefore, consider the microphthalmy of Proteus as a relict characteristic which is the result of a specific development with disturbance of the normal ontogenic process. (+info)
Neural crest can form cartilages normally derived from mesoderm during development of the avian head skeleton. (4/2390)The lateral wall of the avian braincase, which is indicative of the primitive amniote condition, is formed from mesoderm. In contrast, mammals have replaced this portion of their head skeleton with a nonhomologous bone of neural crest origin. Features that characterize the local developmental environment may have enabled a neural crest-derived skeletal element to be integrated into a mesodermal region of the braincase during the course of evolution. The lateral wall of the braincase lies along a boundary in the head that separates neural crest from mesoderm, and also, neural crest cells migrate through this region on their way to the first visceral arch. Differences in the availability of one skeletogenic population versus the other may determine the final composition of the lateral wall of the braincase. Using the quail-chick chimeric system, this investigation tests if populations of neural crest, when augmented and expanded within populations of mesoderm, will give rise to the lateral wall of the braincase. Results demonstrate that neural crest can produce cartilages that are morphologically indistinguishable from elements normally generated by mesoderm. These findings (1) indicate that neural crest can respond to the same cues that both promote skeletogenesis and enable proper patterning in mesoderm, (2) challenge hypotheses on the nature of the boundary between neural crest and mesoderm in the head, and (3) suggest that changes in the allocation of migrating cells could have enabled a neural crest-derived skeletal element to replace a mesodermal portion of the braincase during evolution. (+info)
Intrameatal aneurysm successfully treated by meatal loop trapping--case report. (5/2390)A 77-year-old female presented with a rare intrameatal aneurysm manifesting as sudden onset of headache, hearing loss, tinnitus, and vertigo associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Meatal loop trapping was performed. After surgery, the patient's functions recovered almost completely, probably because of the preservation of the 7th and 8th cranial nerves and the presence of effective collaterals in the area supplied by the anterior inferior cerebellar artery. (+info)
New evidence from Le Moustier 1: computer-assisted reconstruction and morphometry of the skull. (6/2390)In this study, we present a new computerized reconstruction of the Le Moustier 1 Neanderthal skull and discuss its significance for Neanderthal growth and variability. Because of the precarious state of preservation of the original material, we applied entirely noninvasive methods of fossil reconstruction and morphometry, using a combination of computed tomography, computer graphics, and stereolithography. After electronic restoration, the isolated original pieces were recomposed on the computer screen using external and internal anatomical clues to position the bone fragments and mirror images to complete missing parts. The inferred effects of general compressive deformation that occurred during fossilization were corrected by virtual decompression of the skull. The resulting new reconstruction of the Le Moustier 1 skull shows morphologic features close to the typical Neanderthal adult state. Residual asymmetry of skeletal parts can be traced to in vivo skeletal modification: the left mandibular joint shows signs of a healed condylar fracture, and the anatomy of the occipital region suggests mild plagiocephaly. Using micro-CT analysis, the left incus could be recovered from the matrix filling of the middle ear cavity. Its morphometric dimensions are similar to those of the La Ferrassie III incus. The morphometric characteristics of the inner ear deviate substantially from the condition reported as typical for Neanderthals and fall within the range of modern human variability. (+info)
Australopithecus garhi: a new species of early hominid from Ethiopia. (7/2390)The lack of an adequate hominid fossil record in eastern Africa between 2 and 3 million years ago (Ma) has hampered investigations of early hominid phylogeny. Discovery of 2.5 Ma hominid cranial and dental remains from the Hata beds of Ethiopia's Middle Awash allows recognition of a new species of Australopithecus. This species is descended from Australopithecus afarensis and is a candidate ancestor for early Homo. Contemporary postcranial remains feature a derived humanlike humeral/femoral ratio and an apelike upper arm-to-lower arm ratio. (+info)
CT examination of the head of the Baikal seal (Phoca sibirica). (8/2390)We carried out a computerised tomographic (CT) examination to elucidate the modifications in the head related to orbital enlargement in the Baikal seal. Transverse CT images showed that (1) the external frontal contours and the frontal sinuses are compressed medially and ventrally by the orbital enlargement; (2) the caudal part of the nasal cavity and nasopharynx are compacted ventrally; and (3) the cranial cavity is displaced caudally. The neurocranium is obviously separated from the facial part in the transverse plane at the caudal region of the orbit. The disposition of the mandible, zygomatic arch, temporal bone, and the masseter, temporal, digastric and pterygoid muscles is changed by the enlarged orbit in the 3-dimensional reorganisation of the head in this species. It is suggested that adaptation for the Lake Baikal environment primarily resulted in orbital enlargement, and that the altered orbital design may subsequently have influenced the form and function of the masticatory and respiratory system. (+info)
anatomyEXPERT - Skull - Structure Detail
The skull has a complex developmental history with bones developing both endochondrally and intramembranously. The skull arises from three cranial primordia. These primordia are the chondrocranium, the viscerocranium, and the dermatocranium. The chondrocranium is the cartilaginous base to the skull. This portion of the skull forms the initial supporting plates for the developing brain and the capsules associated with the special sensory structures of the ear, eye, and nose. These regions of the skull ossify endochonrally. The viscerocranium consists of the cartilaginous bars that originally arose as supports for the primitive gill structures. These gill bars become modified in the human skull to form the jaw anatomy, ear ossicles, and the hyoid bone. The largest contribution to the skull is from the dermatocranium. These are bones that form intramembranously in the embryonic mesenchyme. Much of the cranial vault and facial skeleton forms from the dermatocranium ...
Study of localization of response to fibroblast growth factor-2 in murine calvaria using Raman spectroscopic imaging | (2004) |...
Raman spectral imaging provides the means to study spatially localized response to controlled external perturbations to tissue specimens with light microscopy resolution. We discuss use of heparin-acrylic microbeads soaked with the protein fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF2). Microbeads containing FGF2 are placed in murine calvarial tissue and stimulate abnormally rapid mineralization. The tissue response simulated the effects of craniosynostosis, a birth defect occurring in 1 in 2400 live births. We describe Raman imaging measurements of the spatial distribution of apatitic mineral and matrix (predominantly type I collagen) from normal murine calvarial tissue and murine calvarial tissue modeling craniosynostosis. We also discuss spectroscopic evaluation of the state of the mineral induced by the FGF2 beads ...
Digital Thoracosaurus Production Blog: Reconstruction / Skull Morphology.
Assembling the final pieces of the skeleton took a bit of time, mostly because of the number of bones there are and how to place all of them. There was also a setback that I didnt notice until using photographs of the Thoracosaurus display case to guide me in placing the bones. It turned out the 11th vertebrae had been skipped in scanning somehow. I had the 10th and the 12th, but not the 11th. I started to freak out a bit, but realized that about a year ago, Mark Petrovich had scanned half of the skeleton with an older, clunkier software. Luckily these scans are still backed up in multiple places. Mark and I then had to find these bones that were skipped and piece them together in PET (Polygon Editing Tool); which has a tendency to want to crash every time a user saves. I also want to note the importance of labeling and documenting the process of scanning. The students who were in charge of the scanning had a tendency to not adhere to strict naming conventions, which caused much confusion and ...
Skull survey could improve vehi... ( Women's skulls are thicker than men'...)
...Womens skulls are thicker than mens but they both shrink slowly aft...Jesse Ruan of the Ford Motor Company and colleagues at Tianjin Univers...The researchers found that the average thicknesses of the skull in men... Skull thickness differences between genders are confirmed in our stud...,Skull,survey,could,improve,vehicle,safety,biological,biology news articles,biology news today,latest biology news,current biology news,biology newsletters
Calvarium - definition of calvarium by The Free Dictionary
How Many Bones is the Human Skull Made of?
... The skull or cranium is composed of eight cranial bones and fourteen facial bones, which are all fused together by sutures. The skull cranial bones protect the brain and they are: one frontal, two parietal, two sphenoid, two temporal, and one occipital bones. Dome of the skull is known as the skullcap and the lower part is called the base. The largest of the facial bones are the upper and lower jaws (maxilla and mandible). At the center of the base of the skull there is hole called foramen magnum, through which the spinal cord runs. The cranium turns freely on top of the vertebral column, which is made up of separate bones called vertebra. ...
Six human skulls are found in tourists hand luggage | Daily Mail Online
Researchers link human skull size and climate • The Register
Humans grew bigger brains as the climate they lived in got cooler, according to researchers at the University at Albany, New York.. The researchers concluded that humans got brainier because they had to adapt to a more challenging environment. They base this assertion on a plot of cranial capacity of 109 fossilised human skulls against the corresponding paleontological record of two million years of changing climate.. As well as a relationship between a cooling earth and growing skulls, the researchers report that where the skulls were found matters, too, because the further you get from the Equator, the more varied the weather becomes.. Gordon G Gallup Jr, a professor of evolutionary psychology at the university, and co-author of the work along with graduate student Jessica Ash, commented: "It became clear that seasonal variation in climate may also have been an important selective force behind the evolution of human cranial capacity. Specifically, we found that as the distance from the Equator ...
Musculoskeletal System - Skull Development - Embryology
Transcriptional analysis of human cranial compartments with different embryonic origins "Previous investigations suggest that the embryonic origins of the calvarial tissues (neural crest or mesoderm) may account for the molecular mechanisms underlying sutural development. The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences in the gene expression of human cranial tissues and assess the presence of an expression signature reflecting their embryonic origins. Of six paired comparisons, frontal and parietal compartments (distinct tissue types of calvaria, either bone or intrasutural mesenchyme) had the most different gene expression profiles despite being composed of the same tissue type (bone). Transcriptional profiles of two groups of tissues, frontal and metopic compartments vs. parietal and sagittal compartments, suggest differences in proliferation, differentiation and extracellular matrix production. Our data suggest that in the second trimester of human foetal development, a gene ...
Sinfest :: View topic - Science bytes
Its a bit tricky to assign purpose or consequence to morphological differences found in skeletal remians. Sometimes things are different due to genetic drift and random happen stance, and sometimes there is adaptive value to the difference. In the case of HLA differences theyre in a pretty good position to make judgements about adaptive value because HLA genes serve a reasonably well understood purpose. Theres quite a bit of debate about the purpose, or if there is a real purpose to the skull morphology differences in neanderthals (particularly as regards some of the nasal structures). Post cranial anatomy (Neck down) is virtually identical to moderns excepting the robustness of it. They did have more pronounced thumbs and particularly robust toe bones, and cross sections of the leg bones seem to suggest they werent any where near as mobile as we are (Modern leg bones tend to have a tear drop cross section that gets that way from regular use rather than developmentally. The same bones in ...
Difference between revisions of "UBERON:0004761" - resource browser
def=the primitive cartilagionous skeletal structure of the fetal skull that grows to envelop the rapidly growing embyonic brain. In humans, the chondrocranium begins forming at 28 days from mesenchymal condensations and is fully formed between week 7 and 9 of fetal development. While the majority of the chondrocranium is succeeded by the bony skull in most higher vertebrates, some components do persist into adulthood. In Cartilagious fishes and Agnathans, the chondrocranium persist throughout life. Embryologically, the chondrocranium represent the basal cranial structure, and lay the base for the formation of the endocranium in higher vertebrates[WP]. [Wikipedia:Chondrocranium ...
People Compare How Aliens Would Reconstruct Animals Based On Their Skulls Vs. What They Really Look Like (28 Pics) | Bored Panda
Bored Panda reached out to Ashley Mason-Burns-Meerschaert, the director of education at Skeletons: Museum of Osteology, who told us more about these incredible bones. It turns out, the vertebrates with the most bones in their skulls are bony fish, which can have over 100 in their skulls.. Although skulls from different species might look similar, there will be slight differences. Ashley said that "some species of shrews and rodents can only be identified by looking at dental variations under a microscope.". There is also some skull variation between individuals of the same species and also between males and females, which scientists refer to as "sexual dimorphism.". Ashley said that animals skulls can change over time for various reasons, like becoming more adapted to the environment, changing due to animals diet, or because of injuries sustained over their lifetime.. ...
Initial DNA analysis of Paracas elongated skull released - with incredible results | Ancient Origins
Paracas is a desert peninsula located within the Pisco Province in the Inca Region, on the south coast of Peru. It is here were Peruvian archaeologist, Julio Tello, made an amazing discovery in 1928 - a massive and elaborate graveyard containing tombs filled with the remains of individuals with the largest elongated skulls found anywhere in the world. These have come to be known as the Paracas skulls . In total, Tello found more than 300 of these elongated skulls, which are believed to date back around 3,000 years. A DNA analysis has now been conducted on one of the skulls and expert Brien Foerster has released preliminary information regarding these enigmatic skulls. It is well-known that most cases of skull elongation are the result of cranial deformation, head flattening, or head binding, in which the skull is intentionally deformed by applying force over a long period of time. It is usually achieved by binding the head between two pieces of wood, or binding in cloth. However, while ...
Initial DNA analysis of Paracas elongated skull released - with incredible results | Ancient Origins
Paracas is a desert peninsula located within the Pisco Province in the Inca Region, on the south coast of Peru. It is here were Peruvian archaeologist, Julio Tello, made an amazing discovery in 1928 - a massive and elaborate graveyard containing tombs filled with the remains of individuals with the largest elongated skulls found anywhere in the world. These have come to be known as the Paracas skulls . In total, Tello found more than 300 of these elongated skulls, which are believed to date back around 3,000 years. A DNA analysis has now been conducted on one of the skulls and expert Brien Foerster has released preliminary information regarding these enigmatic skulls. It is well-known that most cases of skull elongation are the result of cranial deformation, head flattening, or head binding, in which the skull is intentionally deformed by applying force over a long period of time. It is usually achieved by binding the head between two pieces of wood, or binding in cloth. However, while ...
Meet Hugo! (How Skull Bones Effect the Central Nervous System) - Ashfield Physio
The brain skins called meninges (connective tissue of the central nervous system) are attached to the brain and the inside of the skull. Therefore if the sutures (gaps) between the skull bones are compressed, either through impact injury (such as a blow to the head), compression during the birth process (e.g. forceps application), or even vigorous dental procedures (affecting the maxilla - the purple bone you see in the skull) these meninges are impaired in their movement. This means the circulation around areas of the underlying brain tissue can be suboptimal ...
Skull & Bones sued for Geronimo's remains
Posted on 02/17/2009 9:18:37 PM PST by XR7. The heirs of an Apache chieftain whose remains are rumored to be held inside Yales oldest secret society filed a lawsuit today demanding the return of their ancestors skull. Twenty descendants of the legendary Apache chieftain Geronimo are suing the federal government, the University and the society Skull & Bones in U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia to seek the return of his remains as well as punitive damages. One hundred years ago today, Geronimo died of pneumonia at Fort Sill, Okla., but the suit alleges members of the society exhumed his remains in 1918 or 1919 and transported them to the societys High Street tomb in New Haven. The group rumored to have stolen Geronimos skull, bones and other items from his gravesite is said to have included Prescott Bush, the father of former President George H. W. Bush 48 and grandfather to former President George W. Bush 68. To assure that all existing remains of Geronimo and funerary ...
PREORDER - HAND CARVED WOOD SKULL - LARGE - 'ALL BASES COVED' - Skull-Bali
PRE-ORDER - ALL BASES COVED HAND CARVED WOOD SKULL - LARGE This skullpture is made by order. The process will take around 4 weeks to be ready to ship. Covid_19 times, why not a hand-carved wood Covid Skull. We offer this skullpture in two sizes, large and medium. Due to the nature of our production, every item is hand-carved, and it may vary from the one pictured. It is a natural part of the handmade process, no two skullptures will ever be the same, each one will be slightly different and unique. People love good packaging and rightly so, which is why all our skulls are delivered in a beautifully crafted, ribbon secured, sturdy and protective SKULL BRAND cardboard boxes making them gift-ready or just plain good looking. SKULL products are hand made by Balinese craftsmen whose work is considered art. To keep this high level of standard, our production processes do take time. Please keep this in mind. Any queries regarding this will be answered at [email protected] LENGTH
Skeletal System | ENCOGNITIVE.COM
The adult human skull consists of eight bones which form the cranium, or braincase, and 13 facial bones that support the eyes, nose, and jaws. There are also three small, paired ear ossicles-the malleus, incus, and stapes-within a cavity in the temporal bone. The total of 27 bones represents a large reduction in skull elements during the course of vertebrate evolution. The three components of the skull are the neurocranium, dermatocranium, and visceral cranium. See also Ear (vertebrate).. The brain and certain sense organs are protected by the neurocranium. All vertebrate neurocrania develop similarly, starting as ethmoid and basal cartilages beneath the brain, and as capsules partially enclosing the tissues that eventually form the olfactory, otic, and optic sense organs. Further development produces cartilaginous walls around the brain. Passages (foramina) through the cartilages are left open for cranial nerves and blood vessels. Endochondral ossification from four major centers follows in all ...
Disney's Jake and the Never Land Pirates Skull Island Playset from Fisher-Price®
Disneys Jake and the Never Land Pirates Skull Island Playset from Fisher-Price®. Theres a big adventure with Jake and the Never Land Pirates taking place on Skull Island, and Jakes friend, Peter, wants your little one to share in the fun! Skull Island features a flip-up eye patch hatch for secret hiding, a real working cannon that shoots "water balls" from the skull-rocks other eye and much more. Theres even a Peter figure around which the entire adventure is built. What will Peter do on Skull Island? Your little one decides!. ...
Replica Slender-tailed Cloud Rat Skull For Sale - Skulls Unlimited International, Inc.
Bumps on skull base, headaches, itching in hands, night sweats, lethargic. Treatment? - Doctor's insight on HealthcareMagic
Tender, large, warm bump on skull, looks like head injury, stiff neck, headache.
How much force does it take to break a human skull? | Reference.com
Transparent Classic Human Skull model A20/T for £102.05
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Human Skull Earrings Red Bead
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Patent US9179850 - Systems, methods and devices for a skull/brain interface - Google Patentsuche
A form of neuromodulation is conveyed from an external source to an interior of the skull to modulate neural activity. One or more apertures are formed through or partially through the skull to provide an interface for neuromodulation delivery. Parameters of one or more states of the brain may be sensed through an interface formed with one or more apertures extending all or part of the way through the skull. A device provides an interface between the exterior of the skull and the brain that includes a channel of a length sufficient to traverse the entire thickness of the skull or at least a part of the thickness of the skull. The channels may be configured for ion conduction of electrical signals, enabling DC or near DC stimulation of target neurons.
Musings of a Clumsy Palaeontologist: December 2012
Then we have Manuscript B: the dreaded undergrad thesis. I have been working on this thing for a few years, and I really want to see it through, but its getting harder and harder to stay motivated. Its on something completely unrelated to what Im working on now (I looked at skull morphology in Centrosaurus to be exact), which makes it hard. Ive started working on it again, and I need to re-learn all the ceratopsian skull terminology. Met with my former supervisor and co-author last week, and he decided that I need to do a phylogenetic analysis, which Ive never done before outside of an assignment. Thanks to Andy Farke, I have a matrix to work with, and Im slowly combining a few different matrices. Im slowly learning how annoying it is when people use slightly different characters (like one paper uses one character as 0-75% and others use 0-80%. Why you have to be so difficult!), or switch around the character states. All in all, its not too bad, just time consuming ...
Regulation of DNA Synthesis in Chick Calvaria Cells by Factors from Bone Organ Culture<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Regulation of DNA Synthesis in Chick Calvaria Cells by Factors from Bone Organ Culture. AU - Drivdahl, Rolf H.. AU - Puzas, J. Edward. AU - Howard, Guy A.. AU - Baylink, David J.. PY - 1981/11. Y1 - 1981/11. N2 - Embryonic chick bones growing in organ culture release a substance into the culture medium which stimulates bone formation in previously untreated bones. This conditioned medium also enhances proliferation of monolayer cultures of chick calvaria cells in serum-free medium. The active principle is nondialyzable, indicating a molecular weight greater than 12,000 daltons. Dialysis also separates the mitogenic activity from a low-molecuar-weight inhibitor. The amount of the mitogen found in conditioned medium increases as the rate of the bone resorption increases in response to treatment with parathyroid hormone or 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. Maximal stimulation of DNA synthesis in calvaria cells is evident with conditioned medium obtained 3 to 5 days after treatment of bone ...
Skull & Bones - Preisvergleich
... breeds have a flat and wide skull shape. In dogs, it is the opposite to the skull shape of long nosed breeds such as the Greyhound which is called dolichocephalia. A brachycephlic skull therefore appears as though the skull has been severely compressed from front to back. In extreme cases it may appear that there is no nose present at all.
Porcelain Beaver Skull - the Otherist
Rat Skulls | Welcome to the Taxidermy.net Forum and Community!
Mayfield Reusable Adult Skull Pins
Indmedica - Journal of the Anatomical Society of India
Skull is one of the commonest parts of the skeleton used to opine on the sex of an individual. Sexual dimorphism is insignificant in the pre-pubertal age group. Although adult skulls show a few non-metrical and metrical differences, there is paedomorphic tendency in the human skulls of either sex (William PL et al 1995). Absolute sexual differences seldom exist (Bass 1955). Further, hormones, nutritional status, cultural differences and environmental factors affect these variations. Skulls from different geographical areas vary much. Skull shapes may also vary within a population and even among the closely related.. Traditionally sexing of the skull has been based on the non-metrical traits (Krogman 1962, Berry 1975). Non-metrical differences are mainly in facial skeleton, vault and mandible.. There are a few studies, which have used exhaustive list of metrical parameters for sexing of the skulls (Keen 1950, Hanihara 1959, Steyn and Iscan 1997, Stewart 1948). Keen (1950) has chosen a large ...
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Vintage Partial Skull Bone, Medical Antiques Collection by Ed Welch Antiques, LLC
Skull + Bone | Palm Springs International Film Festival
Buy the ImpressArt® Skull & Bones Metal Stamp at Michaels
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Men vs. Women in Physics Careers | Physics Forums - The Fusion of Science and Community
Almost a century later, Harvard biologist Stephen Jay Gould described in his book, The Mismeasure of Man, how he remeasured the same skulls used by Morton. He discovered that Morton must have attempted to confirm to himself what he and other Americans already knew: that whites were superior to blacks and to Indians. He did this by accepting data that confirmed his biases, and rejecting data that did not support them. For example, he included in his sample of black skulls more females than he included in the white sample. In his American Indian sample, he included more small-brained Inca skulls than large-brain Iroquois skulls. In addition, he omitted small-sized Hindu skulls from his white sample. In fact when Gould remeasured the skulls, he found that the average size of black male skulls was larger than that of white males. He know now that skull size or cranial capacity tells us nothing about intelligence, but in the nineteenth century such scientific efforts were used by people to ...
Real Blue Wildebeest Skull For Sale - Skulls Unlimited International, Inc.
The blue wildebeest is a herbivore, feeding primarily on the short grasses. It forms herds which move about in loose aggregations, the animals being fast runners and extremely wary. Product Type: Skull only Notes: NA Please see photos for details and call with any questions.Specifications:Skull Length:17.0cm, Horn Length-Tip to Tip: 14.0cm
Human Skull Linked to Yale Secret Society to Be Sold | Fox News
Man uses his skull as hammer in crazy stunt
People do all sorts of things for a bit of fame. This man is no different. However, his pursuit of setting a world record is a bit drastic and extremely dangerous. Known as Hammer Head, John Ferraro is famous for using his forehead to hammer in nails. Insane! In his recent appearance on Guinness World Records Italian Show, Ferraro pounded 38 nails into a board with his skull in under two minutes. And if you thought this was the first time he has done this, think again. According to Huffington Post, he also holds the one-minute record of 13 nails, and the world record for Most concrete blocks broken on the head with a bowling ball in three minutes. But dont be fooled into thinking you can try this at home. Ferraros skull is thicker than a normal human skull, literally! Daily Mail reports that his skull is 16 millimeters in thickness, compared to the average of 6.5 millimeters. See Ferraro pounding
OCTE: Volume 1, Issue 4 (Winter 2011)
OCTE: Volume 2, Issue 1 (Spring 2012)
Cranioplasty using autotransplants in patients with posttraumatic cranial bone defects: Costs for treatment #125299 in Germany ...
Skull - Wikipedia
The skull is a complex structure; its bones are formed both by intramembranous and endochondral ossification. The skull roof bones, comprising the bones of the facial skeleton and the sides and roof of the neurocranium, are dermal bones formed by intramembranous ossification, though the temporal bones are formed by endochondral ossification. The endocranium, the bones supporting the brain (the occipital, sphenoid, and ethmoid) are largely formed by endochondral ossification. Thus frontal and parietal bones are purely membranous. The geometry of the skull base and its fossae, the anterior, middle and posterior cranial fossae changes rapidly. The anterior cranial fossa changes especially during the first trimester of pregnancy and skull defects can often develop during this time.. At birth, the human skull is made up of 44 separate bony elements. During development, many of these bony elements gradually fuse together into solid bone (for example, the frontal bone). The bones of the roof of ...
The stimulation of healing within a rat calvarial defect by mPCL-TCP/collagen scaffolds loaded with rhBMP-2 | [email protected]
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) have been widely investigated for their clinical use in bone repair and it is known that a suitable carrier matrix to deliver them is essential for optimal bone regeneration within a specific defect site. Fused deposited modeling (FDM) allows for the fabrication of medical grade poly ε-caprolactone/tricalcium phosphate (mPCL-TCP) scaffolds with high reproducibility and tailor designed dimensions. Here we loaded FDM fabricated mPCL-TCP/collagen scaffolds with 5 μg recombinant human (rh)BMP-2 and evaluated bone healing within a rat calvarial critical-sized defect. Using a comprehensive approach, this study assessed the newly regenerated bone employing micro-computed tomography (μCT), histology/histomorphometry, and mechanical assessments. By 15 weeks, mPCL-TCP/collagen/rhBMP-2 defects exhibited complete healing of the calvarium whereas the non-BMP-2-loaded scaffolds showed significant less bone ingrowth, as confirmed by μCT. Histomorphometry revealed ...
Skull roof - Wikipedia
In early sarcopterygians the skull roof was composed of numerous bony plates, particularly around the nostrils and behind each eye. The skull proper was joined by the bones of the operculum. The skull itself was composed rather loosely, with a joint between the bones covering the brain (the parietal bones and the bones behind them) and the snout (the frontal bone, nasal bone and the bones in front and to the side of them). This joint disappeared in the evolving labyrinthodonts, at the same time the number of bones were reduced and the operculum disappeared.. In frogs and salamanders the skull roof is further reduced and has large openings. Only in caecilians can a full covering skull roof be found, an adaption for burrowing.. The skull roof in lungfish is composed of a number of bony plates that are not readily compared to those found in early amphibians. In most ray-finned fishes the skull is often reduced to a series of loose elements, and a skull roof as such is not found.. ...
Imaging Features of Calvarial Tuberculosis: A Study of 42 Cases | American Journal of Neuroradiology
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tuberculosis of the calvaria is a rare entity, and only anecdotal reports describing its imaging features have been previously published in the literature. We report the role of conventional radiography and CT findings on in the evaluation of calvarial tuberculosis in 42 cases.. METHODS: Forty-two cases of pathologically verified calvarial tuberculosis were analyzed retrospectively by using conventional radiography and CT imaging. The patients included 28 male and 14 female subjects ranging in age from 5 to 48 years (mean age, 16 years). Surgery was performed in 28 patients, and the remaining 14 patients underwent fine needle aspiration cytology. The histologic findings were consistent with the diagnosis of tuberculosis. At follow-up after 2 years, all patients had completely recovered.. RESULTS: The male-to-female ratio was 2:1 (28 male and 14 female). The maximum number of patients affected by calvarial tuberculosis ranged in age from 11 to 20 years (61.2%). The average ...
Skull for Dental Practice Market Top 10 Companies Sales, Price, Revenue and Market Share Outlook 2016-2021 | Business
Purchase Report at: http://www.absolutereports.com/purchase/10421251. The Report Provides Insights on Major Skull for Dental Practice Market Points such as:. • Applications of Skull for Dental Practice Market. • Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis of Skull for Dental Practice Market. • Raw Materials Sources Analysis of Skull for Dental Practice Market. • Price, Cost, Gross and Gross Margin Analysis of Skull for Dental Practice Market. • Supply, Consumption and Gap of Skull for Dental Practice Market 2016-2021. • New Project SWOT Analysis of Skull for Dental Practice Market. Inquiry for Buying Report at: http://www.absolutereports.com/enquiry/pre-order-enquiry/10421251 Analysis of Price, Cost, Gross Margin for Major Regions:. This particular section of the Skull for Dental Practice market report includes analysis of gross margin, cost and price. The Skull for Dental Practice Market is divided into the following segments based on geography:. • USA. • China. • Europe. • ...
TAPIRS: The Tapir Preservation Fund (TPF): Baird's tapir skull photo courtesy of Nancy R. Koerner
This photo of an adolescent Bairds tapir skull was loaned to us by Nancy R. Koerner for use on the Tapir Gallery Web site. Tapir skulls are always interesting. Note that this one may look very different from some Bairds tapir skulls because the bony nasal septum has disappeared, and only the hard bone is left. When looking at photos of the skulls of Bairds tapir, it would be easy to think there were two completely different animals. Here you can compare the skull above with one mounted in the Smithsonian which still has the septum intact. See a larger image of the skull and read about how Nancy acquired it on the skulls page in The Tapir Gallery. It can also be viewed in our Picasa Web Album of Bairds tapir natural history photos ...
Long in the tooth: evolution of sabertooth cat cranial shape | Paleobiology | GeoScienceWorld
Sabertooths exhibit one of the most extreme feeding adaptations seen in mammals. The functional consequences of accommodating extremely elongate upper canine teeth are severe, resulting in a well-documented suite of cranial modifications. We used geometric morphometric methods to study the evolution of overall shape in the skulls of extant and extinct feline and machairodontine felids, as well as extinct nimravids. Trends in skull evolution were evaluated by using relative warps analysis and tested for association with body size and canine tooth length. Primitive sabertooths from all lineages exhibit cranial shapes more similar to conical-toothed cats, despite the presence of moderately developed saberteeth. More-derived forms in both nimravids and felids diverge in skull morphospace to form two distinct sabertooth types (dirk-toothed and scimitar-toothed) that differ in canine shape. Skull shape in conical-toothed cats is strongly associated with body size, but not canine length. However, ...
Apatosaurus louisae - Dinosaur National Monument (U.S. National Park Service)
The Discovery Bones that led to the discovery of the Carnegie Quarry were tail vertebrae (back bones) of Apatosaurus louisae. This specimen, a nearly complete skeleton with a skull, became the type specimen of Apatosaurus louisae. This means that it was the first of its species ever found and scientifically described.. Like many sauropods and dinosaurs in general, Apatosaurus skulls are extremely rare. The skull bones are thin and easily crushed. Skulls are mostly hollow to hold soft tissues that cannot be preserved. Fine sediments compress the skull to flatten it the way you might step on an empty tin can. These skulls may be preserved, but some of the three-dimensional structure is lost.. The only Apatosaurus skull in the world was found in the Carnegie Quarry because the sand-sized sediment preserves bone in great detail without compressing it. Today a cast of the Apatosaurus skull is still on display with the rest of the specimen at the Carnegie Museum of Natural History in Pittsburgh, ...
New Information on the Cranial Anatomy of Acrocanthosaurus atokensis and Its Implications for the Phylogeny of Allosauroidea ...
Background Allosauroidea has a contentious taxonomic and systematic history. Within this group of theropod dinosaurs, considerable debate has surrounded the phylogenetic position of the large-bodied allosauroid Acrocanthosaurus atokensis from the Lower Cretaceous Antlers Formation of North America. Several prior analyses recover Acrocanthosaurus atokensis as sister taxon to the smaller-bodied Allosaurus fragilis known from North America and Europe, and others nest Acrocanthosaurus atokensis within Carcharodontosauridae, a large-bodied group of allosauroids that attained a cosmopolitan distribution during the Early Cretaceous. Methodology/Principal Findings Re-evaluation of a well-preserved skull of Acrocanthosaurus atokensis (NCSM 14345) provides new information regarding the palatal complex and inner surfaces of the skull and mandible. Previously inaccessible internal views and articular surfaces of nearly every element of the skull are described. Twenty-four new morphological characters are
Lecture - Musculoskeletal Development - Embryology
The Skull is a unique skeletal structure in several ways: embryonic cellular origin (neural crest), form of ossification (intramembranous and endochondrial) and flexibility (fibrous sutures). Musculoskeletal Development - Skull Development The bones enclosing the brain have large flexible fibrous joints (sutures) which allow firstly the head to compress and pass through the birth canal and secondly to postnatally expand for brain growth. These sutures gradually fuse at different times postnatally, firstly the metopic suture in infancy and the others much later. Abnormal fusion (synostosis) of any of the sutures will lead to a number of different skull defects. ...
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Skull bossing - Wikipedia
Skull bossing is a descriptive term in medical physical examination indicating a protuberance of the skull, most often in the frontal bones of the forehead ("frontal bossing"). Although prominence of the skull bones may be normal, skull bossing may be associated with certain medical conditions, including nutritional, metabolic, hormonal, and hematologic disorders. Frontal bossing is the development of an unusually pronounced forehead which may also be associated with a heavier than normal brow ridge. It is caused by enlargement of the frontal bone, often in conjunction with abnormal enlargement of other facial bones, skull, mandible, and bones of the hands and feet. Frontal bossing may be seen in a few rare medical syndromes such as acromegaly - a chronic medical disorder in which the anterior pituitary gland produces excess growth hormone (GH). Frontal bossing may also occur in diseases resulting in chronic anemia, where there is increased hematopoiesis and enlargement of the medullary cavities ...
A 3D geometric morphometric analysis of digging ability in the extant and fossil cingulate humerus<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A 3D geometric morphometric analysis of digging ability in the extant and fossil cingulate humerus. AU - Milne, Nick. AU - Vizcaino, S.F.. AU - Fernicola, J.C.. PY - 2009. Y1 - 2009. N2 - Digging ability in armadillos has been shown to be closely related to the relative length of the olecranon process of the ulna. This study uses geometric morphometrics to examine the relationship between humeral shape, digging ability and size in a range of living and fossil cingulates. The extant species in the sample include representatives of 11 species of armadillo, while the fossil specimens include three species of fossil armadillos (Peltephilus, Proeutatus and Eutatus) and three Glyptodonts (Propalaeohoplophorus, Glyptodon and Neosclerocalyptus). The results show that in general, living species with good digging ability have larger sites for muscle attachment, particularly the proximal tubercles and the crests descending therefrom, and the epicondylar region at the distal end of the ...
Starchild skull - Wikipedia
A dentist who examined the upper right maxilla found with the skull determined that the skull was that of a child aged 4.5 to 5 years. The volume, however, of the interior of the Starchild skull is 1,600 cubic centimeters, which is 200 cm³ larger than the average adults brain, and 400 cm³ larger than an adult of the same approximate size. The orbits are oval and shallow, with the optic nerve canal situated closer to the bottom of the orbit than to the back. There are no frontal sinuses. The back of the skull is flattened. The skull consists of calcium hydroxyapatite, the normal material of mammalian bone. Neurologist Steven Novella of Yale University Medical School says that the cranium exhibits all of the characteristics of a child who has died as a result of congenital hydrocephalus, and the cranial deformations were the result of accumulations of cerebrospinal fluid within the skull. DNA testing in 1999 at BOLD (Bureau of Legal Dentistry), a forensic DNA ...
Base of the skull | definition of base of the skull by Medical dictionary
100+ [ Skull Forearm Tattoo Designs ] | 50 Best Tattoo Designs For Men Arms,60 Badass Skull Tattoos For Men Masculine Design...
Cranial anatomy of Allosaurus jimmadseni, a new species from the lower part of the Morrison Formation (Upper Jurassic) of...
Allosaurus is one of the best known theropod dinosaurs from the Jurassic and a crucial taxon in phylogenetic analyses. On the basis of an in-depth, firsthand study of the bulk of Allosaurus specimens housed in North American institutions, we describe here a new theropod dinosaur from the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation of Western North America, Allosaurus jimmadseni sp. nov., based upon a remarkably complete articulated skeleton and skull and a second specimen with an articulated skull and associated skeleton. The present study also assigns several other specimens to this new species, Allosaurus jimmadseni, which is characterized by a number of autapomorphies present on the dermal skull roof and additional characters present in the postcrania. In particular, whereas the ventral margin of the jugal of Allosaurus fragilis has pronounced sigmoidal convexity, the ventral margin is virtually straight in Allosaurus jimmadseni. The paired nasals of Allosaurus jimmadseni possess bilateral, blade-like crests
Newly Discovered 13 Million-Year-Old Skull Sheds Light on Ape Ancestry
The fossil is the skull of an infant, and it is the most complete extinct ape skull known in the fossil record. Many of the most informative parts of the skull are preserved inside the fossil, and to make these visible the team used an extremely sensitive form of 3D X-ray imaging at the synchrotron facility in Grenoble, France. "We were able to reveal the brain cavity, the inner ears and the unerupted adult teeth with their daily record of growth lines," said Paul Tafforeau of the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility. "The quality of our images was so good that we could establish from the teeth that the infant was about 1 year and 4 months old when it died.". The unerupted adult teeth inside the infant apes skull also indicate that the specimen belonged to a new species, Nyanzapithecus alesi. The species name is taken from the Turkana word for ancestor, "ales.". "Until now, all Nyanzapithecus species were only known from teeth and it was an open question whether or not they were even apes," ...
Skull bones low polygon human anatomy, (.3ds) 3D Studio software, Life Forms
Life Forms, Skull bones low polygon human anatomy, 3D software type (.3ds) 3D Studio by Digital artist multimedia designer, UK Canada USA, The skull is a bony structure found in many animals that serves as the general framework for the head. Intended for elementary and secondary school students and teachers who are interested in learning ...
Skull Bone Jewelry Set - Spirithalloween.com
Skull Bone Jewelry Set - Add a haunting look to almost any costume when you accessorize with this skeletal jewelry! Both the necklace and bracelet feature small skull beads, and the necklace also has different bone charms hanging off it, making this the perfect accessory set for almost any dark costume.
Mutations affecting craniofacial development in zebrafish. - Zurich Open Repository and Archive
In a large-scale screen for mutations affecting embryogenesis in zebrafish, we identified 48 mutations in 34 genetic loci specifically affecting craniofacial development. Mutants were analyzed for abnormalities in the cartilaginous head skeleton. Further, the expression of marker genes was studied to investigate potential abnormalities in mutant rhombencephalon, neural crest, and pharyngeal endoderm. The results suggest that the identified mutations affect three distinct aspects of craniofacial development. In one group, mutations affect the overall pattern of the craniofacial skeleton, suggesting that the genes are involved in the specification of these elements. Another large group of mutations affects differentiation and morphogenesis of cartilage, and may provide insight into the genetic control of chondrogenesis. The last group of mutations leads to the abnormal arrangement of skeletal elements and may uncover important tissue-tissue interactions underlying jaw development. ...
Deletion of a conserved regulatory element required for Hmx1 expression in craniofacial mesenchyme in the dumbo rat: a newly...
The dumbo mouse and rat strains were named for their most obvious physical characteristic, displaced and malformed ears, prior to any knowledge of the genetic mechanism underlying these malformations. The dumbo mouse phenotype was identified in a mutagenesis screen (Wilson et al., 2005), whereas the dumbo rat mutation arose spontaneously among fancy rats kept by enthusiast breeders, probably in the western United States, and has become a popular pet strain on the basis of its novel appearance. Given the large number of genes that are likely to play a role in the morphogenesis of the pinna, it is remarkable that both the mouse and rat dumbo strains converged on the same gene locus. The appearance of the mouse and rat dumbo ears are quite similar, but at the cellular level the phenotypes of the mouse and rat mutants reveal other striking differences. In recent work, we have shown that Hmx1dm/dm mice exhibit marked loss of geniculate ganglion neurons and the associated posterior auricular nerve ...
Skull Anatomy Mnemonic (1/3): Bone Tutorial- Neurocranium: Sphenoid Ethmoid Parietal Temporal Bones lesson plan | Spiral
Investigation of Skull Defect using Resistive Dipole Antenna on Cranial Surgery Phantom Model
In this work, the resistive dipole antenna is designed for sensing the effective dielectric constants of the skull defect as part of the healing stages for craniosynostosis. The performance of the fabricated resistive dipole antenna is analyzed by comparing to the conventional dipole antenna in terms of both frequency and time domain. The measurement result is shown that the amplitude of the reflected pulse is increased as the thickness of the powder is increased.. ...
Transcranial ultrasonic therapy based on time reversal of acoustically induced cavitation bubble signature. - Inserm
Brain treatment through the skull with high-intensity focused ultrasound can be achieved with multichannel arrays and adaptive focusing techniques such as time reversal. This method requires a reference signal to be either emitted by a real source embedded in brain tissues or computed from a virtual source, using the acoustic properties of the skull derived from computed tomography images. This noninvasive computational method focuses with precision, but suffers from modeling and repositioning errors that reduce the accessible acoustic pressure at the focus in comparison with fully experimental time reversal using an implanted hydrophone. In this paper, this simulation-based targeting has been used experimentally as a first step for focusing through an ex vivo human skull at a single location. It has enabled the creation of a cavitation bubble at focus that spontaneously emitted an ultrasonic wave received by the array. This active source signal has allowed 97 +/- 1.1% of the reference pressure
Craniofacial and Palate Defects
Morphological Changes in Blood Cells After Implantation of Titanium and Plastic Clips in the Neurocranium - Experimental Study...
Introduction: Various studies confirm the biocompatibility and efficacy of clips for certain target tissues, but without any comparative analysis of hematological parameters. Therefore, we conducted a study to assess the possible association of the implantation of titanium and plastic clips in the neurocranium with possible morphological changes in the blood cells of experimental animals. Materials and Methods: As a control, the peripheral blood smears were taken before surgery from 12 adult dogs that were divided into two experimental groups. After placing titanium and plastic clips in the neurocranium, the peripheral blood of the first group was analyzed on the seventh postoperative day, while the peripheral blood of the second group was analyzed on the sixtieth day. By microscopy of the blood smears, the following parameters were analyzed: the presence of poikilocytosis of the red blood cells, degenerative changes in the leukocytes and leukogram. Results: There were no statistically ...
Skull and Bones - Wikipedia, den frie encyklopædi
Skull and Bones er en hemmelig loge for særligt udvalgte trejdeårselever på Yale-universitetet. Hvert år vælger de 15 eksisterende medlemmer 15 nye medlemmer til at videreføre foreningen, dermed er der altid kun ca. 800 levende medlemmer og forhenværende medlemmer af foreningen, som har stor indflydelse i toppen af amerikansk erhvervsliv og i politik. George W. Bush er det 3. medlem af Skull and Bones, som er blevet præsident i USA. I mange år var det kun mænd som blev optaget i Skull and Bones, men nu er kvinder også velkomne. Skull and Bones blev dannet af William Russell i 1832. Blandt de fremmeste medlemmer er William H. Taft, George H.W. Bush, George W. Bush og John Kerry. "Det er så hemmeligt, at vi ikke kan tale om det" - George W. Bush om Skull and Bones. Efter at være blevet præsident har Bush udpeget mindst 11 Bonesmen til fremtrædende poster i regeringen. Der er mange rygter om, hvad der sker i logen, og hvad dens formål er, men kun få oplysninger er offentligt ...
Ontology of Craniofacial Development and Malformation | NCBO BioPortal
The Ontology of Craniofacial Development and Malformation (OCDM) is a mechanism for representing knowledge about craniofacial development and malformation, and for using that knowledge to facilitate integrating craniofacial data obtained via multiple techniques from multiple labs and at multiple levels of granularity. The OCDM is a project of the NIDCR-sponsored FaceBase Consortium, whose goal is to promote and enable research into the genetic and epigenetic causes of specific craniofacial abnormalities through the provision of publicly accessible, integrated craniofacial data ...
3D Skull Atlas | APPS and GAMES Download
4 Assorted Museum Quality Cast Skulls Rental Prop - Dapper Cadaver Props
Every skull is unique, just as every face is unique, and for the same reasons. When you order the Cast Skull Combo, you get 4 unique skulls with clearly distinct features. No collection of real skulls would have the same face repeating over and over, and no quality collection of replica skulls should either. Our collec
Popular Skullture: The Skull Motif in Pulps, Paperbacks, and Comics | Translate This Website
Mega Sale! Save 22% on the Popular Skullture: The Skull Motif in Pulps, Paperbacks, and Comics by Dark Horse Books at Translate This Website. Hurry! Limited time offer. Offer valid only while supplies last. Consumers embrace the skull: Nike, Calvin Klein, Zippo, and Crystal Head Vodka feature them as product lines. Skulls adorn artwork, sneakers, candy, skateboards, jewelry, and even wallpaper. The skull is everywhere in pop culture! Never before has a book addressed the skull as a cover motif during the Go
Sunflowers Red Sugar Skulls - Hoyhoy Images Gallery
This page is a collection of pictures related to the topic of [Sunflowers Red Sugar Skulls], which contains Day Of The Dead Sunflower Sugar Skull Poster by Maryska Torresowa,Sunflower sugar skull breast cancer awareness shirt,Sunflower sugar skull breast cancer awareness shirt,Items similar to Pink Sunflower Sugar Skull Earrings Day Of The Dead on Etsy...
Skull Nation Tribal Tattoos - Spirithalloween.com
Skeleton Skull Bones Bones Frameworks Gift Mug | Spreadshirt
Pirates Skull Bones Phone Case By Blok45 Design By Humans
Shop Pirates Skull Bones by Blok45 available as a T Shirt, Art Print, Phone Case, Tank Top, Crew Neck, Pullover, Zip, Baseball Tee, Sticker, Mug, V Neck T Shirt, Scoop Neck T Shirt, Long T Shirt, Long Sleeve T Shirt, Ringer Tee, Cowl Neck Sweater, Raglan Pullover Fleece, Premium Tank, Premium Scoop, Racerback, Premium Sleeveless V, Premium Muscle Tank and Mouse Pad.
Skull & Bones Red & Black Patch - Studio B
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The cranial anatomy of the captorhinid reptile Labidosaurikos meachami from the Lower Permian of Oklahoma | The...
Study of Labidosaurikos meachami, from the Lower Permian Hennessey Formation (Sumner Group) of north-central Oklahoma, reveals the presence of over thirty new cranial characters not present in single-tooth-rowed captorhinids and Captorhinus aguti. However, it is uncertain if these new characters represent autapomorphies of L. meachami because the skulls of all other large, multiple-rowed captorhinids are poorly known; many of these characters may instead diagnose subclades of multiple-tooth-rowed taxa within Captorhinidae. A suite of skeletal features, including the presence of tooth plates, prominent tooth wear, and the morphology of the skull roof, suggests strongly that L. meachami was herbivorous. Propaliny was probably a significant component of the feeding mechanism.Phylogenetic analysis of the interrelationships of the well known North American captorhinids indicates that Labidosaurikos meachami is more closely related to the large, single-rowed Labidosaurus hamatus than it is to ...
Salvador - Patent applications
APARATUS AND METHODS FOR FIXATING A CRANIAL BONE FLAP WITH A CRANIAL BONE MASS - A fixation device for use in securing a cranial bone flap with a cranial bone mass at the location of a burr hole. In one implementation the fixation device includes a closure plate having a substrate with an outer surface and an inner surface and with at least a portion of the inner surface adapted to be applied against the outer face of the outer edges of the cranial bone mass and the cranial bone flap at the location of the burr hole. The closure plate is also adapted with a burr hole fitting coupled to and spaced a distance below the inner surface of the substrate and adapted for being inserted entirely into the burr hole. The fitting may include one or more peripheral portions adapted for being pressed against the inner wall of the burr hole when the fitting is inserted therein. The peripheral portions are endowed with a freedom of movement that enables the fitting to be inserted into the burr hole ...
face skull diagram facial bones large - Human Anatomy Chart
STRUCTURE OF THE VERTEBRATE SKULL
Splanchnocranium comes from neural crest cells and is either cartilage or replacement bone. Arch 1 forms the jaws and is called the mandibular arch. We will particularily study the articular which becomes the malleus of the ear in mammals and the quadrate which forms the incus. Arch 2 is the hyoid arch and we will see the hyomandibular become the collumella and then the stapes of the ear. The hyoid bone also remains as part of the hyoid bone of the larynx. Arches 3-5 are gill arches in fishes and also involved in jaw suspension. They form the caudal portion of the hyoid bone, and the thyroid and cricoid catrilage of the larynx in mammals as seen in the respriation lab on page 116 ...
Cephalometric correction factors for bite opening-a dry skull study : The European Journal of Orthodontics - oi
The lateral cephalometric radiograph supplies the clinician with valuable information regarding the facial skeletal morphology of the patient, provided that it is taken correctly. These radiographs should be taken while the patient is occluding in maximum intercuspation, failing which the exposure is often repeated, leading to an increase in patient radiation dose as well as added cost in time and materials. This study investigated the relationship between limited bite opening and selected cephalometric variables. Thirty-one dry skulls were used and five splints were constructed for each skull giving increments of bite opening from 0 to 5 mm. Six lateral radiographs per skull were taken at each increment of bite opening. The radiographs were traced and the points plotted using a reflex metrograph.. A linear relationship was found between bite opening and SNB, ANB, SN-mandibular plane, and SN-Y-axis angles. Errors in digitization, superimposition, and landmark identification were determined and ...
Skeletal Smartphone Covers : skull phone case
Definition : Molecular assay reagents intended to identify mutations in the muscle segment homeo box homologue 2 (MSX2) gene, located at chromosome 5q34-q35, which encodes for a transcription factor protein presumed to be critical for skull development. Mutations at this locus have been identified in patients with parietal foramina type 1 and craniosyostosis type 2.. Entry Terms : "Familial Craniosynostosis Type 2 Gene Mutation Reagents" , "Cranium Bifidum Syndrome Gene Mutation Reagents" , "Enlarged Parietal Foramina Type 1 Gene Mutation Reagents" , "MSX2 Gene Mutation Detection Reagents" , "IVD Test Reagent/Kits, Molecular Assay, Tumor Marker, Gene Mutation, hML1/hMSH2" , "Reagents, Molecular Assay, Gene Anomaly, Mutation, MSX2". UMDC code : 24614 ...
Human head, skull and spine, 3D CT angiogram - Stock Image C033/7368 - Science Photo Library
Human head, skull and spine. Coloured 3D computed tomography (CT) scan and angiogram, showing a frontal view of the normal skull and cervical spine of a 35-year-old man, with a view of the external shape of the head projected onto the scan. The skull consists of the cranium, which protects the brain, and the facial bones. The facial bones include the mandible and the maxilla, the jaw bones that contain the teeth. The facial bones include the bones around the eyes (the orbits of the eyes) and the air-filled bones that contain the paranasal sinuses and the nasal cavity (centre). The angiography (use of a contrast medium to highlight blood vessels) shows the vertebral arteries running along and through the vertebrae of the neck. - Stock Image C033/7368
Skull - Academic Kids
If the brain is bruised or injured it can be extremely serious. Normally the skull protects the brain from damage through its hard unyieldingness, but in some cases of head injury, there can be raised intracranial pressure through mechanisms such as a subdural haematoma. In these cases the raised intracranial pressure can cause herniation of the brain out of the foramen magnum (coning) because there is no space for the brain to expand to-this can result in significant brain damage or death unless an urgent operation is performed to relieve the pressure. This is why patients with concussion must be watched extremely carefully. In earlier times, a skull operation called trepanation was often performed for semi-mystical reasons and not only as an attempted life-saving technique. The skull also contains the sinus cavities. The meninges are the membranes that separate the brain from the skull. Although persons of East Asian descent are occasionally stereotyped as different from other ethnic groups ...
Skulls Hard Candy - 17lb Assorted - CandyDirect
Gothic Retro Mini Storage Box Skull Crown Jewelry Organizer Desktop Decor | eBay
The skull remains strong to protect the brain from injury. The human skull consists of the cranium and the facial bones. The ... Skull contains 22 bones from which 8 are cranial and 14 are facial. 6 middle ear ossicles (3 in each ear). 1 hyoid bone in neck ... The only bone that remains separate from the rest of the skull is the mandible. The rib cage is composed of 12 pairs of ribs ... In the human skeleton, it consists of 80 bones and is composed of six parts; the skull bones, the ossicles of the middle ear, ...
Anterior nasal spine
Skull. Anterior view. Anterior nasal spine shown in red. Right maxilla. Anterior nasal spine labeled at center left. Posterior ... The anterior nasal spine is a bony projection in the skull that serves as a cephalometric landmark. Medially, the anterior ... "Osteology of the Skull: The Maxilla" "Anatomy diagram: 34256.000-1". Roche Lexicon - illustrated navigator. Elsevier. Archived ...
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List of lakes in Valley County, Montana (M-Z)
List of mountains in Cascade County, Montana
List of lakes in Phillips County, Montana
Radiocarbon dating suggests the Talgai skull is between 9,000 and 11,000 years old. It is believed to be the skull of a boy of ... The Talgai skull is located in the Shellshear Museum, Department of Anatomy, Sydney University. A replica is found in the ... In 1886 the first fossil evidence of early human occupation in the area, the Talgai Skull, was found on Talgai Homestead, ... "Talgai Skull". austhrutime.com. Retrieved 2015-09-11. "John McDowell - Discovering Anzacs". National Archives of Australia. ...
Don't Get Any on You
... is a live album by New York City noise rock band Live Skull, released in 1987 by Homestead Records. All ... "Live Skull: Don't Get Any on You > Review". Allmusic. Retrieved May 24, 2016. 'Enthal, Andrea; Sheridan, David; Robbins, Ira ( ... 2007). "Live Skull". Trouser Press. Retrieved May 24, 2016. Don't Get Any on You (sleeve). Live Skull. Rockville Centre, New ... tracks written by Live Skull, except "Pusherman" by Curtis Mayfield. Adapted from the Don't Get Any on You liner notes. ...
Cycling in Copenhagen
Pusherman is an EP by New York City noise rock band Live Skull, released in 1986 by Homestead Records. All tracks written by ... Pusherman (sleeve). Live Skull. Rockville Centre, New York: Homestead Records. 1986. Pusherman at Discogs (list of releases) ... "Live Skull: Pusherman > Review". Allmusic. Retrieved May 24, 2016. 'Enthal, Andrea; Sheridan, David; Robbins, Ira (2007). "Live ... Live Skull, except "Pusherman" by Curtis Mayfield. Adapted from the Pusherman liner notes. Deming, Mark. " ...
Auditory brainstem implant
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List of mountains in Judith Basin County, Montana
All tracks written by Live Skull. Adapted from the Snuffer liner notes. Raggett, Ned. "Live Skull: Snuffer > Review". Allmusic ... Snuffer is the third EP by New York City noise rock band Live Skull, released in 1988 by Caroline Records. ... Enthal, Andrea; Sheridan, David; Robbins, Ira (2007). "Live Skull". Trouser Press. Retrieved May 24, 2016. Snuffer (booklet). ...
This bony skull--one of the earliest in the fossil record--is made entirely of little teeth. Teeth originally arose to bite ... ISBN 0-521-32271-5. Hall, Brian Keith; Hanken, James (1993). The Skull. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 131. ISBN 0- ... skull open…pop it under a microscope and…you find virtually the same structure as in our teeth. There is a layer of enamel and ...
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Photoelectron photoion coincidence spectroscopy
Doom, Gloom, Heartache & Whiskey
"Viking Skull UK Tour Announced". Blabbermouth.net. 11 September 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2016. "Viking Skull Rejoined By ... Doom, Gloom, Heartache & Whiskey (Media notes). Viking Skull. Powerage Records/Candlelight Records. 2008. "Viking Skull: 'Doom ... All tracks written by Viking Skull. "Viking Skull New Album Title Announced". Blabbermouth.net. 22 May 2008. Retrieved 13 ... In May 2008, Viking Skull announced that they would be writing and recording the follow-up to 2007's Chapter Two, to be ...
Cloud One (album)
All tracks written by Live Skull. Adapted from the Cloud One liner notes. Deming, Mark. "Live Skull: Cloud One > Review". ... Cloud One is the second studio album by New York City noise rock band Live Skull, released in 1986 by Homestead Records. ... Cloud One (sleeve). Live Skull. Rockville Centre, New York: Homestead Records. 1986. Cloud One at Discogs (list of releases) ... Enthal, Andrea; Sheridan, David; Robbins, Ira (2007). "Live Skull". Trouser Press. Retrieved May 24, 2016. ...
List of lakes in Park County, Montana
The Whaling Museum & Education Center
Skull Sandwiches | Parents
Researchers link human skull size and climate • The Register
As well as a relationship between a cooling earth and growing skulls, the researchers report that where the skulls were found ... Researchers link human skull size and climate. Hot head v cool head v Mr Potato Head. By Lucy Sherriff 26 Mar 2007 at 14:58 ... The researchers dont mention whether or not the extra small human skull found on the island of Flores was included in the ... They base this assertion on a plot of cranial capacity of 109 fossilised human skulls against the corresponding paleontological ...
human skull max
Skull & Bones sued for Geronimo's remains
Skull & Bones sued for Geronimos remains. Yale Daily News ^ , 2/17/09 , Nora Caplan-Bricker Posted on 02/17/2009 9:18:37 PM ... skull; skullandbones; skullbones; yale Navigation: use the links below to view more comments.. first 1-20, 21-29 next last ... Thats OK, I got his skull in Needles, Ca, back in 69. Its smaller than I thought it should be, but it was explained that it ... Skull and Bones, a secret society at Yale University, which published annual membership rosters, that were kept at Yales ...
Work Crew Unearths Human Skull in Midway City - latimes
Mayfield Reusable Adult Skull Pins
... ,It is designed for rigid skeletal fixation. These pins are constructed of stainless steel ... Modified Mayfield Skull Clamp. 4. Mayfield Disposable Adult (plastic) Skull Pins. 5. Mayfield Reusable Child Skull Pins. 6. ... Mayfield Reusable Adult Skull Pins. Features. Designed for use with all generations of Mayfield skull clamps for rigid fixation ... Child skull pins offer pinpoint displacement design for depth penetration control.. Description. It is designed for rigid ...
Human Evolution - Skull Analysis Gizmo : ExploreLearning
Each skull can be viewed from the front, side, or from below. Additional information regarding the age, location, and ... Compare the skulls of a variety of significant human ancestors, or hominids. Use available tools to measure lengths, areas, and ... Compare the skulls of a variety of significant human ancestors, or hominids. Use available tools to measure lengths, areas, and ... Compare the skulls of a variety of significant human ancestors, or hominids. Use available tools to measure lengths, areas, and ...
Instagram's grisly human skull trade is booming | WIRED UK
Instagram has a roaring trade in real human skulls, decorated and sold by macabre enthusiasts. Is the underground marketplace ... Instagrams grisly human skull trade is booming. Instagram has a roaring trade in real human skulls, decorated and sold by ... We just sell skulls so we can buy more skulls. I think for the real collectors its always that way." ... often with a human skull as the centerpiece. There was a female pelvis, a number of medical skulls, gynecological instruments, ...
Physics - Focus: Physical Model of Skull Growth
A model predicts skull growth patterns based on mechanical effects, rather than biology, and could help surgeons treating ... The researchers started with the simplest case of a skull whose shape remains constant as it grows. Treating the skull as a ... The human skull changes shape as it grows, and physicians and biologists would like to understand the causes of these changes ... A model predicts skull growth patterns based on mechanical effects, rather than biology, and could help surgeons treating ...
Skull - Wikipedia
Skull Anatomy Tutorial. (GateWay Community College). *Bird Skull Collection Bird skull database with very large collection of ... Human Skulls / Anthropological Skulls / Comparison of Skulls of Vertebrates (PDF; 502 kB) ... The skulls of the earliest tetrapods closely resembled those of their ancestors amongst the lobe-finned fishes. The skull roof ... The skull is a complex structure; its bones are formed both by intramembranous and endochondral ossification. The skull roof ...
Starchild skull - Wikipedia
There are no frontal sinuses. The back of the skull is flattened. The skull consists of calcium ... The Starchild skull is part of a malformed human skull which paranormalist Lloyd Pye had claimed is of extraterrestrial origin ... A dentist who examined the upper right maxilla found with the skull determined that the skull was that of a child aged 4.5 to 5 ... Pye claimed to have obtained the skull from Ray and Melanie Young of El Paso, Texas, in February 1999, stating that the skull ...
BULL SKULL KENNELS
... We at Bull Skull are very proud of the reputation we have built up for quality over the years. To help ... The 9 Virtues of Bull Skull Kennels. *HONOR. First of all, I deserve to be remembered in history for being the man who stole ... And as you can clearly see from the above, Bull Skull Kennels is a complete dogman. ... I have compiled a list of what makes Bull Skull Kennels different from the rest:. ...
skull - Wiktionary
skull (third-person singular simple present skulls, present participle skulling, simple past and past participle skulled) ... skull (plural skulls) *Obsolete form of school ("a multitude"). *1586, William Warner, Albions England: A knavish skull of ... skull (plural skulls) *(anatomy) The main bones of the head considered as a unit; including the cranium, facial bones, and ... för din skull for your sake, for you, because of you, on your behalf. För edra hjärtans hårdhets skull tillstadde Moses eder ...
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Skull & Bones (Video 2007) - IMDb
... gets accepted into the secret society The Skulls. He hopes it betters chances at Harvard but The Skulls is not what he thought ... Skull & Bones (2007) Unrated , 1h 13min , Comedy, Horror , Video 8 October 2007 ... After a college student is tapped to join the elite secret Skulls fraternity, he witnesses a girls death and his life starts ...
Archive of "Skull Base".
Part B, Skull Base. Vols. 73 to 81; 2012 to 2020. Vol. 81. 2020. v.81(1): 1-106. 2020 Feb. v.81(Suppl 1): A1-A1. 2020 Feb. v.81 ... Skull Base. Vols. 11 to 21; 2001 to 2011. Vol. 21. 2011. v.21(1): 1-70. 2011 Jan. v.21(2): 71-138. 2011 Mar. v.21(3): 139-206. ... Skull Base Surgery. Vols. 1 to 10; 1991 to 2000. Vol. 10. 2000. v.10(1): 1-57. 2000. v.10(2): 59-109. 2000. v.10(3): 109-162. ... Skull Base Surg: Vols. 1 to 10; 1991 to 2000. Articles from this journal are generally available in PMC after a 12-month delay ...
Skull Duggery | UMass Amherst
SKULL AND BONES | The New Yorker
Eggshell Skull - Bri Lee - Google Books
Eggshell Skull is a haunting appraisal of modern Australia from a new and essential voice.Courageous, heartbreaking and ... author of Bad Behaviour and co-founder of Kill Your Darlings EGGSHELL SKULL: A well-established legal doctrine that a defendant ... must take their victim as they find them. If a single punch kills someone because of their thin skull, that victims weakness ... EGGSHELL SKULL: A well-established legal doctrine that a defendant must take their victim as they find them. If a single ...
Petralona skull | hominin fossil | Britannica
The age of this skull has been difficult to establish. At first it was believed to be contemporary with Neanderthals, perhaps ... Petralona skull, an ancient human cranium discovered in 1960 in a cave near Thessaloníki, northeastern Greece. ... Petralona skull, an ancient human cranium discovered in 1960 in a cave near Thessaloníki, northeastern Greece. The age of this ... a ridge along the rear of the skull, and thick braincase bones) with other characteristics (including a somewhat larger brain) ...
Skull fracture: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
A skull fracture is a fracture or break in the cranial (skull) bones. ... The skull provides good protection for the brain. However, a severe impact or blow can cause the skull to break. It may be ... A depressed skull fracture is a break in a cranial bone (or "crushed" portion of skull) with depression of the bone in toward ... A skull fracture is a fracture or break in the cranial (skull) bones. ...
Kong: Skull Island | Asia Times
Skull photos shock Germany - SFGate
The outrage Wednesday about photographs of German troops posing with a skull in Afghanistan swept through parliament just as ... 2006-10-26 04:00:00 PDT Berlin -- It wasnt the best day for the picture of a German soldier simulating sex with a skull to ... Editors reported that the skull might be the remains of a villager pulled from a mass grave or a Soviet soldier killed during ... The outrage Wednesday about photographs of German troops posing with a skull in Afghanistan swept through parliament just as ...
Skull | Open Library
Dear Open Library Supporter,. I ask you only once a year: please help Open Library today. Most readers cant afford to give, but we hope you can. The average donation is $45. If everyone chips in $5, we can end this fundraiser today. Right now, a generous supporter will match your donation, so you can double your impact. All we need is the price of a paperback book to sustain a library the whole world trusts. Were dedicated to reader privacy so we never track you. We never accept ads. But we still need to pay for servers and staff. For 22 years, my dream has been to build the library of everything and make it available to everyone. I know we could charge money, but then we couldnt achieve our mission: a free library for the whole internet. Our readers borrow seven ebooks per minute and download 2.5 million texts per day. Open Library is a bargain, but we need your help. If you find our site useful, chip in what you can today. Thank you ...
CTAN: Package skull
Mystery Skull Interactive
Once the student chooses an unidentified skull, he or she will have the chance to compare the unidentified fossil skull with ... Mystery Skull Interactive This interactive activity gives students the opportunity to be a scientist and choose between four ... If you know the author of Mystery Skull Interactive, please help us out by filling out the form below and clicking Send. ... Once the comparisons are made, the student can decide if the unidentified skull is a new species or a preexisting early human ...
Sugar Skull Mask
Skull Chest Tattoo
Skull Necklaces - CafePress
The Microwave Scream Inside Your Skull | WIRED
The Microwave Scream Inside Your Skull. The U.S. military bankrolled early development of a non-lethal microwave weapon that ... US Armys voice-to-skull page). While the effectiveness of subliminal persuasion is dubious,. I can see there might be some ... a device that delivered a lethal shockwave inside the targets skull might make an effective death ray. ...
Feds: Dinosaur skull seized from Wyoming home
A dinosaur skull seized from a Wyoming home is related to an investigation into fossil smuggling from Mongolia, indicating that ... The skull seized in Wyoming came from the same dinosaur species. The Tyrannosaurus Bataar is a close relative of the ... AP) - A dinosaur skull seized from a Wyoming home is related to an investigation into fossil smuggling from Mongolia, ...
Something Is Squeezing My Skull - Wikipedia
EN) Something Is Squeezing My Skull, su Discogs, Zink Media.. *. (EN) Something Is Squeezing My Skull, su MusicBrainz, ... Something Is Squeezing My Skull · Satellite of Love · World Peace Is None of Your Business · Istanbul · Earth Is the Loneliest ... Something Is Squeezing My Skull è un brano del cantante inglese Morrissey. ... Estratto da "https://it.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Something_Is_Squeezing_My_Skull&oldid=85309110" ...
Skull Tales by 4Moon Studio - Kickstarter
4Moon Studio is raising funds for Skull Tales on Kickstarter! Live the adventures of a pirate sailing the Caribbean sea. Semi- ... Skull Tales is a semi-competitive game about pirate adventures in which each player can choose to take on the role of one of ... For the "Skull Tales" project weve been lucky enough to receive the help of collaborators that have provided their experience ... We only need your help to make this dream come true and allow everyone to enjoy Skull Tales with friends or alone, and become ...
Found: Ethiopian Fossil Skull - Scientific American
A fossil skull from a site called Gawis in Ethiopia is apparently intermediate in form between Homo erectus and our own species ... Found: Ethiopian Fossil Skull. A fossil skull from a site called Gawis in Ethiopia is apparently intermediate in form between ... A fossil skull from a site called Gawis in Ethiopia is apparently intermediate in form between Homo erectus and our own species ... The discovery team, led by Sileshi Semaw of Indiana University, is working to determine the age of the skull more precisely. ...
'Ceramic Skull', Paul Neagu, 1973 |...
In this work rectangular shapes are stacked in tiers to form the shape of a human skull. The spaces between the individual ... Ceramic Skull, Paul Neagu, 1973 on display at Tate Modern. ... The skull rests on an integral circular base. The surface of ... Neagus representation of the skull is a modern updating of a traditional memento mori subject. Many of the artists cellular ... This sculpture is formed from thin strips of ceramic clay stacked in rows to resemble a human skull. The ceramic blocks are ...
Sleep Forever Skull Sleep Mask | Etsy
Skull | Define Skull at Dictionary.com
Skull definition, the bony framework of the head, enclosing the brain and supporting the face; the skeleton of the head. See ... skull in Medicine Expand. skull (skŭl). n. The bony or cartilaginous framework of the head, made up of the bones of the ... Word Origin and History for skull Expand. n. "bony framework of the head," c.1200, probably from Old Norse skalli "a bald head ... He subsequently told the Post that it was clear he had killed bin Laden because his skull was split open. ...
Extreme long skullsOccipitalBoneFemale skullsParacasCraniumSuturesBrainAnatomical SkullThickerBaseSpecimensSkeletonFoundFractureShapeFeaturesBump on the backStructuresHomo SapiensThicknessHeadAdultBack of skullGrowing bones2000Sugar skullsCrystal skullsCrossbonesMemento mori1989AbnormallyFossil2017CranialSpookyAnatomyAnatomicalBonyCavitiesHuman Skull FoundBasilarStarchildMitchell-HedgesColorfulSpecimenNorseShareCourtesyHarvardPracticeTweetDefectsBase of thSpinal cordArea of the skullHalf of the skullBones of the skullPortion of the skullFracturesSterling silver skullMakeFrontalFacialDeformitiesTwitter2002AnglesSkull'sAfghanistanTumorTwelveBackPiracyPerfectly
Extreme long skulls1
- The Occipital bone forms the back of the skull and the base of the cranium. (teachpe.com)
- whilst in the other [the round skulls], the occipital tuberosity becomes the most prominent part, and the cerebellum can have been barely covered by the posterior lobes of the brain. (wordpress.com)
- The pain felt due to occipital neuralgia is like a jabbing electrical shock and throbbing at the base of skull causing headache. (charlies-magazines.com)
- The Northside Skull + Bone Gang continues a 200-year African-American Creole tradition of waking you up on Mardi Gras morning with one intention. (psfilmfest.org)
- "Fontanelles are a regular feature of infant development in which two segments of bone remain separated, leaving an area of fibrous membrane or a "soft spot" that acts to accommodate growth of the brain without compression by the skull. (edu.au)
- As most of the current attention is to the extreme long Paracas skulls in Peru, other skulls of smaller size are often forgotten. (wordpress.com)
- Although the Paracas skulls are important, and the initial studies are already quite revealing, I hope the same attention will also go out to the other long skulls found all over the world. (wordpress.com)
- The most known long skulls are the extreme elongated skulls of Paracas, Peru. (wordpress.com)
- Most individual bones of the skull are joined together by sutures, which are immovable joints that grow together through ossification. (reference.com)
- The skull is a unique skeletal structure in several ways: embryonic cellular origin ( neural crest and mesoderm ), form of ossification (intramembranous and ) and flexibility (fibrous sutures). (edu.au)
- See also notes on Head Development ) In humans, ossification within the skull continues postnatally, through puberty until mid 20's and in old age the sutures separating the vault plates are often completely ossified. (edu.au)
- Use this unique transparent replica of the human skull to study inner structures that are, otherwise, only visible on x-rays.Highly accurate representation of the fissures, foramina, processes, sutures etc. (girodmedical.co.uk)
- So does the skull protect the brain. (healthtap.com)
- Of the six fontanelles in the human skull, the anterior fontanelle, located between the frontal and parietal bones, serves as an important anatomical diagnostic tool in the assessment of impairments of the skull and brain and allows access to the brain and ventricles in the infant. (edu.au)
- As a complement, you can also order the 5-part brain (C 18), which fits into the skull. (girodmedical.co.uk)
- Some other less common causes of pain at base of skull, pain in back of head and neck are brain tumors, spinal or cerebral meningitis, brain aneurysms etc. (charlies-magazines.com)
- There are 2 Sphenoid bones, each is situated behind the eyes at the base of the skull in front of the Temporals. (teachpe.com)
- While the bones that form the base of the skull are formed by endochondral ossification . (edu.au)
- Pain at the base of skull, top of neck is caused due to several reasons and it is not easy to identify the exact cause of pain. (charlies-magazines.com)
- The parts of located between upper cervical spine and base of a skull contain a lot of nerve fiber in the form of a dense network, small muscles and joints. (charlies-magazines.com)
- The pain at base of skull left side or pain at base of skull right side is generated by any of these nerves, muscles or joints. (charlies-magazines.com)
- In this article we will study the causes and treatment of pain at base of skull. (charlies-magazines.com)
- What Pain at Base of Skull? (charlies-magazines.com)
- Pain at base of skull is caused by nerve fibers, joints or muscles at the base of skull and upper cervical spine. (charlies-magazines.com)
- To find out the exact cause of pain at base of skull and jaw, around neck, you need to consult a neurologist , he will assess the medical history as well as symptoms to make diagnosis of the exact cause. (charlies-magazines.com)
- A mild to moderate pain at the base of skull behind eyes is caused mainly due to tension, stress and anxiety. (charlies-magazines.com)
- The symptoms are pain in base of skull and nausea. (charlies-magazines.com)
- Have you ever experienced pain in base of skull when touched? (charlies-magazines.com)
- You are likely to experience sharp pain at the base of skull if you get a neck injury. (charlies-magazines.com)
- In most of the cases, the cervical muscles in order to combat and protect the injured joints work heavily and this makes them weaker resulting in pain at the base of skull. (charlies-magazines.com)
- Pain at base of skull hurts to turn head is generally due to weakness of cervical muscles. (charlies-magazines.com)
- There are certain other factors which can result in pain at the base of skull, sinus infections and cold is among reasons for this pain. (charlies-magazines.com)
- Another disease which results in softening and destruction of bones is known as Paget's disease and it can also result in sharp stabbing pain in the back of head at base of skull and neck. (charlies-magazines.com)
- Pain at base of skull neck and shoulder are due to several reasons as we studied above. (charlies-magazines.com)
- Hand held devices, monitors, prolonged use of laptops can cause pain at base of skull. (charlies-magazines.com)
- Apply a warm compress, place it on neck (at the base of skull), this increases the blood circulation and hence you will feel relieved. (charlies-magazines.com)
- The Broken Hill or Kabwe skull model is the finest casting produced from scientifically made copies of specimens featured in the collection at the Institute of Anthropology and Human Genetics for Biologists at the Johann-Wolfgang-Goethe University, Frankfurt/Main, Germany. (mentone-educational.com.au)
- Somewhere in the midst of this madness, Dre Skull found time to release singles with dancehall heavy-hitters Beenie Man and Popcaan, and soca chart-topper Machel Montano. (sxsw.com)
- Six human skulls were found in the hand luggage of two unnamed American men at the security check point at Athens international airport and have since been charged with desecrating the dead. (dailymail.co.uk)
- The men were due to catch a connecting flight from Mykonos to the United States, when their luggage was scanned and the skulls were found. (dailymail.co.uk)
- A police official who requested anonymity said: 'The skulls were found in a scanner check during a stop-over in Athens on their way back to the United States. (dailymail.co.uk)
- Taylor said Native American bones are found from time to time, but she admitted that having a skull donated to a Goodwill store is a bit unusual. (newsmax.com)
- This is evidenced in the picture of one of those skulls, from a woman found in the Tilshead Long Barrow, and photographed by British dowser Maria Wheatley (below left). (wordpress.com)
- This Beautiful large skull is stunning with its defined features weighing a massive 700grams, All organic soy wax is used in any colour you wish from the natural soy colour to our rainbow skull design, This Skull will make a statement to any Skull lovers décor. (skulledclothing.com.au)
- This part deals with several physical features that are typical for elongated skulls, and that distinguishes them from normal human, Homo sapiens, skulls. (wordpress.com)
- I have included pictures to illustrate these features, and you can see many more pictures if you follow the links to the different continents on the Elongated Skulls from Ancient Races on Earth page. (wordpress.com)
- Nevertheless, the latter also show features that are different from normal human (round skulls) skulls. (wordpress.com)
- It is an example of the early human, of the species Homo sapiens rhodesiensis or a Homo erectus rhodesiensis , the skull having features that point to both these classifications. (mentone-educational.com.au)
Bump on the back1
- As the human skull is so resistant to outside forces, it is much more likely for an individual to suffer serious head injuries from intracranial pressure. (reference.com)
- Should I be worried about any head skull injury or anything serious. (healthtap.com)
- For the other races of people with long skulls which were medium large, sometimes in the horizontal plane, sometimes the forehead was slanted upwards at an angle, the archaeologists of the 19th and early 20th century based themselves on the cephalic index to measure skulls, and to distinguish these long head races from normal humans. (wordpress.com)
- These skulls are called dolichocephalic skulls , or long head skulls, or elongated skulls. (wordpress.com)
- All SKULL products and fashion are designed and produced from our Head Office and Production Factories in Bali, Indonesia. (skullbali.com)
Back of skull1
- If you have pain at back of skull when pressed, it might be due to muscular weakness and warm compress facilitates faster flow of blood thereby strengthening the muscles. (charlies-magazines.com)
- The darling drop earrings feature an intricate brass and silver gear and watch parts that then cascade to sugar skulls and then to beads. (etsy.com)
- Develop your own style and then take on any type of skull - tough-looking skull and crossbones, spooky Halloween decorations, colorful sugar skulls for Day of the Dead, and more. (adobe.com)
- The difference between the skull emoji and the skull with crossbones emoji is the tone, mainly. (dictionary.com)
- The skull with crossbones conveys poison and death, quite literally: It's often the symbol to indicate poison on a product. (dictionary.com)
- Again, remember the skull and crossbones emoji is used more as a warning, about something dangerous, deadly, or toxic (yes, it can be a person). (dictionary.com)
- Up goes the black flag, and the skull and crossbones to the fore. (dictionary.com)
- Skull & Crossbones is a 1989 pirate based arcade game (released by Atari Games ). (everything2.com)
- Young children with hydrocephalus typically have an abnormally large head, as fluid pressure causes individual skull bones to bulge outward. (wikipedia.org)
- In several ancient cultures, such as the Maya , it was tradition to constrain the heads of infants in ways that would cause their skulls to develop abnormally. (everything2.com)
- This interactive activity gives students the opportunity to be a scientist and choose between four unidentified fossil skulls. (merlot.org)
- Once the student chooses an unidentified skull, he or she will have the chance to compare the unidentified fossil skull with other skulls that have already been identified as early human species. (merlot.org)
- AP) - A dinosaur skull seized from a Wyoming home is related to an investigation into fossil smuggling from Mongolia, indicating that efforts to stem the illegal trade are making progress, an attorney said Monday. (yahoo.com)
- A fossil skull from a site called Gawis in Ethiopia is apparently intermediate in form between Homo erectus and our own species, Homo sapiens. (scientificamerican.com)
- One of the highlight specimens in our Human Evolution gallery is the fossil skull known as Gibraltar 1. (nhm.ac.uk)
- The sensation this caused meant the first skull was revisited, and it too was found to be a Neanderthal fossil. (nhm.ac.uk)
- WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The lemon-sized fossil skull of an infant ape nicknamed Alesi that inhabited a Kenyan forest about 13 million years ago is offering a peek at what the long-ago common ancestor of people and all modern apes may have looked like. (reuters.com)
- Scientists on Wednesday announced the discovery of the most complete extinct ape skull fossil ever found, allowing them to study such characteristics as its brain cavity, inner-ear structure and unerupted adult teeth beneath the roots of its baby teeth. (reuters.com)
- Mathematician Alain Goriely of Oxford University in the UK and biomechanical engineer Ellen Kuhl of Stanford University in California, along with colleagues, have now developed computational tools to simulate the growth and evolving shape of the cranial vault-the "brain space" within the skull-in a way that is entirely based on mechanical effects. (aps.org)
- Treating the skull as a semi-ellipsoid divided into patches that represented the bones of the cranial vault, they simulated volumetric expansion of the brain, thickness changes of the bones, and area growth along the sutures with so-called finite-element simulations. (aps.org)
- The human skull is generally considered to consist of twenty-two bones -eight cranial bones and fourteen facial skeleton bones. (wikipedia.org)
- Neurologist Steven Novella of Yale University Medical School says that the cranium exhibits all of the characteristics of a child who has died as a result of congenital hydrocephalus , and the cranial deformations were the result of accumulations of cerebrospinal fluid within the skull. (wikipedia.org)
- A skull fracture is a fracture or break in the cranial (skull) bones. (medlineplus.gov)
- It provides an anatomical background to the skull, as well as morphological variation, sexual dimorphism, changes with age and development, and cranial pathology. (ucl.ac.uk)
- They base this assertion on a plot of cranial capacity of 109 fossilised human skulls against the corresponding paleontological record of two million years of changing climate. (theregister.co.uk)
- The geometry of the skull base and its fossae, the anterior, middle and posterior cranial fossae changes rapidly. (wikipedia.org)
- The anterior cranial fossa changes especially during the first trimester of pregnancy and skull defects can often develop during this time. (wikipedia.org)
- A skull fracture is a break in one or more of the eight bones that form the cranial portion of the skull, usually occurring as a result of blunt force trauma. (wikipedia.org)
- The human skull is anatomically divided into two parts: the neurocranium, formed by eight cranial bones that houses and protect the brain-and the facial skeleton (viscerocranium) composed of fourteen bones, not including the three ossicles of the inner ear. (wikipedia.org)
- The middle cranial fossa, a depression at the base of the cranial cavity forms the thinnest part of the skull and is thus the weakest part. (wikipedia.org)
- This area of the cranial floor is weakened further by the presence of multiple foramina as a result this section is at higher risk for basilar skull fractures to occur. (wikipedia.org)
- Compound depressed skull fractures occur when there is a laceration over the fracture, putting the internal cranial cavity in contact with the outside environment, increasing the risk of contamination and infection. (wikipedia.org)
- Skull based on the book of William Cheselden: Osteographia, or The anatomy of the bones. (openclipart.org)
- The recently perambulating skull and foot have been loaned to the Collection of Historical Scientific Instruments, in the Science Center on the Cambridge side of the Harvard establishment, where they will be part of Body of Knowledge: A History of Anatomy (in Three Parts) , on view from March 6 to December 5, 2014. (harvardmagazine.com)
- Practice drawing skulls from other views, like a true front view or side view, to get fully acquainted with the anatomy. (adobe.com)
- It provides an anatomical background to the skull, as well as morphological variation, changes with age and development, and pathology, dealing specifically with the remains of Late Pleistocene and Holocene hominids, especially anatomically modern humans, but including Neanderthals. (ucl.ac.uk)
- Practicals are to teach students the identification skills required, more general understanding of the anatomical structure of the skull, experience of sex and age estimation, measurement and non-metrical variation. (ucl.ac.uk)
- Anatomical examinations of these skulls suggest they are more doglike than wolflike. (yahoo.com)
- The skull is a bony structure that forms the head in vertebrates . (wikipedia.org)
- The human skull is the bony structure that forms the head in the human skeleton . (wikipedia.org)
- bony framework of the head," c.1200, probably from Old Norse skalli "a bald head, skull," a general Scandinavian word (cf. (dictionary.com)
- One reason ceratopsian heads were so enormous is that the skulls had bony collars, known as frills, covering the neck. (amnh.org)
- The skull of Protoceratops includes a large bony frill. (amnh.org)
- The skull is a bony structure that forms the head in most vertebrates. (wikipedia.org)
- At birth, the human skull is made up of 44 separate bony elements. (wikipedia.org)
- The skull is made up of a number of fused flat bones , and contains many foramina , fossae , processes , and several cavities or sinuses . (wikipedia.org)
- The skull also contains sinuses , air-filled cavities known as paranasal sinuses , and numerous foramina . (wikipedia.org)
- The black cavities of the skull emoji, where the eyes would be, are enormous, and the inclusion of teeth varies from platform to platform. (dictionary.com)
- The skull also contains sinus cavities and numerous foramina. (wikipedia.org)
Human Skull Found1
- The Starchild skull is part of a malformed human skull which paranormalist Lloyd Pye had claimed is of extraterrestrial origin. (wikipedia.org)
- The volume, however, of the interior of the Starchild skull is 1,600 cubic centimeters, which is 200 cm³ larger than the average adult's brain, and 400 cm³ larger than an adult of the same approximate size. (wikipedia.org)
- The " Starchild " skull is a curiously deformed human skull that was found in Mexico sometime around 1940. (everything2.com)
- The Starchild Project is an organisation that is trying to analyse the skull. (everything2.com)
- The mystical skull was supposedly discovered on New Year's Day of 1924, by Anna Mitchell-Hedges, an orphan from Port Colborne, Ont. (thestar.com)
- Now aged 100, Anna Mitchell-Hedges still has the skull, though it is mostly kept locked away in a bank vault. (thestar.com)
- There's still intense interest in the skull, Homann says - he and Mitchell-Hedges are planning to give a couple of lectures on it in New York and Arizona later this year. (thestar.com)
- But controversy continues to swirl around the skull and the story of its discovery, particularly after it was revealed that Frederick Mitchell-Hedges had bought the skull at a Sotheby's auction in 1943. (thestar.com)
- Strangely, F.A. Mitchell-Hedges only documented the skull once, in 'Danger, My Ally,' a book that he wrote describing his adventures. (howstuffworks.com)
- Near the end of the book, Mitchell-Hedges states that the crystal skull is a 'skull of doom' that dates 'back at least 3,600 years, and taking about 150 years to rub down with sand from a block of pure rock crystal. (howstuffworks.com)
- Mitchell-Hedges doesn't make any mention of his daughter's presence at Lubaantun in the book, nor does he give her credit as the finder of the skull. (howstuffworks.com)
- Two friends of Mitchell-Hedges who came along on the excavation of Lubaantum, Lady Richmond Brown and Dr. Thomas Gann, never spoke or wrote of the skull. (howstuffworks.com)
- Mitchell-Hedges died in 1959, and Anna has kept the skull ever since. (howstuffworks.com)
- In Mexican Día de los Muertos (Day of the Dead) holiday traditions, where late loved ones are remembered, the skull is an omnipresent symbol, represented in sugary treats and colorful art. (dictionary.com)
- Lighten up the fright by adding a bright, colorful floral tiara for the skull. (1800flowers.com)
- We know that, perhaps surprisingly, the cephalic shield was not totally predator-proof as a specimen of Glyptotherium texanum was bitten (and presumably killed) by a large cat which pierced both the cephalic shield and skull roof with its upper canines. (scienceblogs.com)
- We know from fossils - including the Museum's Swanscombe skull specimen, which contains imprints of the folds and blood vessels on the brain's surface - that Neanderthals' brains were as big as ours but shaped differently. (nhm.ac.uk)
- The Altai specimen, a well-preserved skull, represents one of the two oldest possible domestic dogs ever found. (yahoo.com)
- They also discuss a gigantic specimen killed in Cambodia in the 1800s: its skull is preserved and, with a dorsal head length of 76 cm (see their article to understand how there is more than one way to measure a croc skull! (scienceblogs.com)
- Then there are giant American crocs (one specimen, in the AMNH [= American Museum of Natural History, New York], is a true monster with a skull 73.5 cm long) and Nile crocs C. niloticus . (scienceblogs.com)
- Do you remember the photo - provided courtesy of Colin McHenry - showing a variety of crocodilian skulls? (scienceblogs.com)
- Doctors in a Portland hospital were rather surprised when they examined a man who turned up on their doorstep complaining of a headache, only to find he had twelve nails embedded in his skull courtesy of a failed suicide attempt with a nail gun, AP reports. (theregister.co.uk)
- He hopes it betters chances at Harvard but The Skulls is not what he thought and comes at a price. (imdb.com)
- If you happened to be outdoors on the Harvard Medical School campus last November, you might have noticed this 78-inch-tall model of a bisected human skull making its way down Shattuck Street by Gordon Hall to a staging area in the basement of the Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine. (harvardmagazine.com)
Base of th2
- Furthermore, it lacks the inion , the bump at the back of the base of the skull , and it has severely reduced signs of neck muscles. (everything2.com)
- Skull fractures occur more easily at the thin squamous temporal and parietal bones, the sphenoid sinus, the foramen magnum (the opening at the base of the skull that the spinal cord passes through), the petrous temporal ridge, and the inner portions of the sphenoid wings at the base of the skull. (wikipedia.org)
Area of the skull2
Half of the skull2
Bones of the skull1
- be able to identify confidently all the bones of the skull in both adult and juvenile remains. (ucl.ac.uk)
Portion of the skull2
- Skull fractures may occur with head injuries . (medlineplus.gov)
- Linear skull fractures are usually of little clinical significance unless they parallel in close proximity or transverse a suture, or they involve a venous sinus groove or vascular channel. (wikipedia.org)
- Depressed skull fractures present a high risk of increased pressure on the brain, or a hemorrhage to the brain that crushes the delicate tissue. (wikipedia.org)
Sterling silver skull1
- A sterling silver skull on a plain sterling chain, much like we imagine a biker might wear. (coolhunting.com)
- Use the extra appliques to make more skulls or for other DIY projects. (ehow.com)
- Students can drag the skulls and examine each from various angles and make side-by-side comparisons. (merlot.org)
- a device that delivered a lethal shockwave inside the target's skull might make an effective death ray. (wired.com)
- We only need your help to make this dream come true and allow everyone to enjoy Skull Tales with friends or alone, and become the most legendary pirate of the Caribbean. (kickstarter.com)
- DESIGN COUNCIL EXCLUSIVE Make no bones about it… our truly original skull creation will get everyone into the Halloween spirit. (1800flowers.com)
- As intricate as they look, the little skulls are quite simple to make from affordable oven-bake clay. (marthastewart.com)
- A skull x-ray is a picture of the bones surrounding the brain, including the facial bones, the nose, and the sinuses. (medlineplus.gov)
- The dynamic responses of the human skull and facial bones have been determined by a series of impact experiments. (sae.org)
- The skull roof bones, comprising the bones of the facial skeleton and the sides and roof of the neurocranium, are dermal bones formed by intramembranous ossification, though the temporal bones are formed by endochondral ossification. (wikipedia.org)
- サトヤン, also known as @1976_skull has a reasonably significant presence on Twitter and is ranked by us in the 40% percentile for account strength. (twittercounter.com)
- That's pretty consistent with a total of 9 since @1976_skull joined Twitter. (twittercounter.com)
- 1976_skull has 0 followers on Twitter. (twittercounter.com)
- 1976_skull is following 5 Twitter accounts. (twittercounter.com)
- Even though the skull will be covered in gemstone strips, some of the skull's plastic surface will show through the gaps between the strips. (ehow.com)
- Skull's Rainbow Room is a tribute to David 'Skull' Schulman and the former fine dining establishments of Nashville's historic Printers Alley. (opentable.com)
- The outrage Wednesday about photographs of German troops posing with a skull in Afghanistan swept through parliament just as Chancellor Angela Merkel 's administration announced a major restructuring of the military to handle increased international missions. (sfgate.com)
- Issue of 'Bild' with photos of German soldiers (epa) October 28, 2006 -- Two German soldiers who served in Afghanistan have been suspended after a newspaper printed photos of them with skulls, presumably from dead Afghans. (rferl.org)
- It may not have the impact of photographs of U.S. soldiers abusing inmates at the notorious Abu Ghraib Prison in Iraq, but the publication by the German daily 'Bild' of photographs of two German soldiers holding skulls in Afghanistan while serving with the NATO-led International Security Assistance Force in 2003 and 2005 has produced strong reactions in the German government. (rferl.org)
- You may also have this x-ray if you have symptoms or signs of a structural problem inside the skull, such as a tumor or bleeding. (medlineplus.gov)
- My son had a benign tumor (Eosinophilic Granuloma) removed from the back left top part of his skull. (medhelp.org)
- I had a bome tumor in my skull and half of my skull had to be removed, and was replaced with a titanium plate, it has made such a difference, no longer get head chaes, dont have to restrict myself from what i am and are not alowed to do. (medhelp.org)
- The back of the skull is flattened. (wikipedia.org)
- Apply a strong glue to the back of the applique and position it onto the forehead of the skull. (ehow.com)
- Your Advanced Combat Helmet weighs seven pounds and the back pads press furiously into the corners of your skull . (dictionary.com)
- Petition · Bring Back Skull Trooper! (change.org)
- Bring Back Skull Trooper so we can have another chance at getting this fan favourite skin! (change.org)
- Chordomas can form anywhere in your back, neck, or skull. (webmd.com)
- The skull that Charles Darwin studied and called 'wonderful' back in the nineteenth century still has secrets to reveal. (nhm.ac.uk)
- On a human skull, the temple line next to the eye socket curves around toward the back to outline an indented area on the side of the head. (adobe.com)