The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.
A species of CAPRIPOXVIRUS causing a cattle disease occurring in Africa.
A common genetically determined, chronic, inflammatory skin disease characterized by rounded erythematous, dry, scaling patches. The lesions have a predilection for nails, scalp, genitalia, extensor surfaces, and the lumbosacral region. Accelerated epidermopoiesis is considered to be the fundamental pathologic feature in psoriasis.
Skin diseases characterized by local or general distributions of blisters. They are classified according to the site and mode of blister formation. Lesions can appear spontaneously or be precipitated by infection, trauma, or sunlight. Etiologies include immunologic and genetic factors. (From Scientific American Medicine, 1990)
A poxvirus infection of cattle characterized by the appearance of nodules on all parts of the skin.
Any inflammation of the skin.
Skin diseases caused by ARTHROPODS; HELMINTHS; or other parasites.
Tumors or cancer of the SKIN.
Skin diseases caused by viruses.
The process of aging due to changes in the structure and elasticity of the skin over time. It may be a part of physiological aging or it may be due to the effects of ultraviolet radiation, usually through exposure to sunlight.
A chronic inflammatory genetically determined disease of the skin marked by increased ability to form reagin (IgE), with increased susceptibility to allergic rhinitis and asthma, and hereditary disposition to a lowered threshold for pruritus. It is manifested by lichenification, excoriation, and crusting, mainly on the flexural surfaces of the elbow and knee. In infants it is known as infantile eczema.
A medical specialty concerned with the skin, its structure, functions, diseases, and treatment.
A recurrent contact dermatitis caused by substances found in the work place.
Diseases of the skin with a genetic component, usually the result of various inborn errors of metabolism.
The functions of the skin in the human and animal body. It includes the pigmentation of the skin.
The external, nonvascular layer of the skin. It is made up, from within outward, of five layers of EPITHELIUM: (1) basal layer (stratum basale epidermidis); (2) spinous layer (stratum spinosum epidermidis); (3) granular layer (stratum granulosum epidermidis); (4) clear layer (stratum lucidum epidermidis); and (5) horny layer (stratum corneum epidermidis).
A chronic disorder of the pilosebaceous apparatus associated with an increase in sebum secretion. It is characterized by open comedones (blackheads), closed comedones (whiteheads), and pustular nodules. The cause is unknown, but heredity and age are predisposing factors.
Skin diseases caused by bacteria, fungi, parasites, or viruses.
Epidermal cells which synthesize keratin and undergo characteristic changes as they move upward from the basal layers of the epidermis to the cornified (horny) layer of the skin. Successive stages of differentiation of the keratinocytes forming the epidermal layers are basal cell, spinous or prickle cell, and the granular cell.
A name applied to several itchy skin eruptions of unknown cause. The characteristic course is the formation of a dome-shaped papule with a small transient vesicle on top, followed by crusting over or lichenification. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Group of chronic blistering diseases characterized histologically by ACANTHOLYSIS and blister formation within the EPIDERMIS.
Epicutaneous or intradermal application of a sensitizer for demonstration of either delayed or immediate hypersensitivity. Used in diagnosis of hypersensitivity or as a test for cellular immunity.
A pruritic papulovesicular dermatitis occurring as a reaction to many endogenous and exogenous agents (Dorland, 27th ed).
Uptake of substances through the SKIN.
A chronic inflammatory disease of the skin with unknown etiology. It is characterized by moderate ERYTHEMA, dry, moist, or greasy (SEBACEOUS GLAND) scaling and yellow crusted patches on various areas, especially the scalp, that exfoliate as dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis is common in children and adolescents with HIV INFECTIONS.
An intense itching sensation that produces the urge to rub or scratch the skin to obtain relief.
Skin diseases caused by bacteria.
A cutaneous disorder primarily of convexities of the central part of the FACE, such as FOREHEAD; CHEEK; NOSE; and CHIN. It is characterized by FLUSHING; ERYTHEMA; EDEMA; RHINOPHYMA; papules; and ocular symptoms. It may occur at any age but typically after age 30. There are various subtypes of rosacea: erythematotelangiectatic, papulopustular, phymatous, and ocular (National Rosacea Society's Expert Committee on the Classification and Staging of Rosacea, J Am Acad Dermatol 2002; 46:584-7).
Superficial infections of the skin or its appendages by any of various fungi.
Group of genetically determined disorders characterized by the blistering of skin and mucosae. There are four major forms: acquired, simple, junctional, and dystrophic. Each of the latter three has several varieties.
Any horny growth such as a wart or callus.
Drugs used to treat or prevent skin disorders or for the routine care of skin.
A chronic and relatively benign subepidermal blistering disease usually of the elderly and without histopathologic acantholysis.
A form of lupus erythematosus in which the skin may be the only organ involved or in which skin involvement precedes the spread into other body systems. It has been classified into three forms - acute (= LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, SYSTEMIC with skin lesions), subacute, and chronic (= LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS, DISCOID).
Coloration of the skin.
A contact dermatitis due to allergic sensitization to various substances. These substances subsequently produce inflammatory reactions in the skin of those who have acquired hypersensitivity to them as a result of prior exposure.
The use of ultraviolet electromagnetic radiation in the treatment of disease, usually of the skin. This is the part of the sun's spectrum that causes sunburn and tanning. Ultraviolet A, used in PUVA, is closer to visible light and less damaging than Ultraviolet B, which is ionizing.
A genus of the family POXVIRIDAE, subfamily CHORDOPOXVIRINAE, comprising poxviruses infecting sheep, goats, and cattle. Transmission is usually mechanical by arthropods, but also includes contact, airborne routes, and non-living reservoirs (fomites).
Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It supports research into the causes, treatment, and prevention of arthritis and musculoskeletal and skin diseases; the training of basic and clinical scientists to carry out this research; and the dissemination of information on research progress. It was established in 1986.
Visible accumulations of fluid within or beneath the epidermis.
Dermatological pruritic lesion in the feet, caused by Trichophyton rubrum, T. mentagrophytes, or Epidermophyton floccosum.
A mitosporic fungal genus that causes a variety of skin disorders. Malassezia furfur (Pityrosporum orbiculare) causes TINEA VERSICOLOR.
Photochemotherapy using PSORALENS as the photosensitizing agent and ultraviolet light type A (UVA).
A contagious cutaneous inflammation caused by the bite of the mite SARCOPTES SCABIEI. It is characterized by pruritic papular eruptions and burrows and affects primarily the axillae, elbows, wrists, and genitalia, although it can spread to cover the entire body.
Redness of the skin produced by congestion of the capillaries. This condition may result from a variety of causes.
The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.
A family of structurally-related short-chain collagens that do not form large fibril bundles.
A slow-growing mycobacterium that infects the skin and subcutaneous tissues, giving rise to indolent BURULI ULCER.
An inflammatory, pruritic disease of the skin and mucous membranes, which can be either generalized or localized. It is characterized by distinctive purplish, flat-topped papules having a predilection for the trunk and flexor surfaces. The lesions may be discrete or coalesce to form plaques. Histologically, there is a "saw-tooth" pattern of epidermal hyperplasia and vacuolar alteration of the basal layer of the epidermis along with an intense upper dermal inflammatory infiltrate composed predominantly of T-cells. Etiology is unknown.
A disorder consisting of areas of macular depigmentation, commonly on extensor aspects of extremities, on the face or neck, and in skin folds. Age of onset is often in young adulthood and the condition tends to progress gradually with lesions enlarging and extending until a quiescent state is reached.
A layer of vascularized connective tissue underneath the EPIDERMIS. The surface of the dermis contains innervated papillae. Embedded in or beneath the dermis are SWEAT GLANDS; HAIR FOLLICLES; and SEBACEOUS GLANDS.
A term used to describe a variety of localized asymmetrical SKIN thickening that is similar to those of SYSTEMIC SCLERODERMA but without the disease features in the multiple internal organs and BLOOD VESSELS. Lesions may be characterized as patches or plaques (morphea), bands (linear), or nodules.
Biological activities and functions of the SKIN.
A desmosomal cadherin that is an autoantigen in the acquired skin disorder PEMPHIGUS FOLIACEUS.
Synthetic material used for the treatment of burns and other conditions involving large-scale loss of skin. It often consists of an outer (epidermal) layer of silicone and an inner (dermal) layer of collagen and chondroitin 6-sulfate. The dermal layer elicits new growth and vascular invasion and the outer layer is later removed and replaced by a graft.
Any of a variety of eruptive skin disorders characterized by erythema, oozing, vesiculation, and scaling. Etiology is varied.
Any of several generalized skin disorders characterized by dryness, roughness, and scaliness, due to hypertrophy of the stratum corneum epidermis. Most are genetic, but some are acquired, developing in association with other systemic disease or genetic syndrome.
Diseases of the skin associated with underlying metabolic disorders.
A type of acute or chronic skin reaction in which sensitivity is manifested by reactivity to materials or substances coming in contact with the skin. It may involve allergic or non-allergic mechanisms.
Congenital structural abnormalities of the skin.
Group of mostly hereditary disorders characterized by thickening of the palms and soles as a result of excessive keratin formation leading to hypertrophy of the stratum corneum (hyperkeratosis).
Separation of the prickle cells of the stratum spinosum of the epidermis, resulting in atrophy of the prickle cell layer. It is seen in diseases such as pemphigus vulgaris (see PEMPHIGUS) and DARIER DISEASE.
A desmosomal cadherin that is an autoantigen in the acquired skin disorder PEMPHIGUS VULGARIS.
Skin tests in which the sensitizer is applied to a patch of cotton cloth or gauze held in place for approximately 48-72 hours. It is used for the elicitation of a contact hypersensitivity reaction.
Infections to the skin caused by bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.
Infestations with arthropods of the subclass ACARI, superorder Acariformes.
The application of suitable drug dosage forms to the skin for either local or systemic effects.
Diseases in persons engaged in cultivating and tilling soil, growing plants, harvesting crops, raising livestock, or otherwise engaged in husbandry and farming. The diseases are not restricted to farmers in the sense of those who perform conventional farm chores: the heading applies also to those engaged in the individual activities named above, as in those only gathering harvest or in those only dusting crops.
A skin and mucous membrane disease characterized by an eruption of macules, papules, nodules, vesicles, and/or bullae with characteristic "bull's-eye" lesions usually occurring on the dorsal aspect of the hands and forearms.
Infestations by PARASITES which live on, or burrow into, the surface of their host's EPIDERMIS. Most ectoparasites are ARTHROPODS.
A chronic suppurative and cicatricial disease of the apocrine glands occurring chiefly in the axillae in women and in the groin and anal regions in men. It is characterized by poral occlusion with secondary bacterial infection, evolving into abscesses which eventually rupture. As the disease becomes chronic, ulcers appear, sinus tracts enlarge, fistulas develop, and fibrosis and scarring become evident.
Virus diseases caused by the POXVIRIDAE.
A non-allergic contact dermatitis caused by prolonged exposure to irritants and not explained by delayed hypersensitivity mechanisms.
An idiopathic, rapidly evolving, and severely debilitating disease occurring most commonly in association with chronic ulcerative colitis. It is characterized by the presence of boggy, purplish ulcers with undermined borders, appearing mostly on the legs. The majority of cases are in people between 40 and 60 years old. Its etiology is unknown.
The widespread involvement of the skin by a scaly, erythematous dermatitis occurring either as a secondary or reactive process to an underlying cutaneous disorder (e.g., atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, etc.), or as a primary or idiopathic disease. It is often associated with the loss of hair and nails, hyperkeratosis of the palms and soles, and pruritus. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A lesion in the skin and subcutaneous tissues due to infections by MYCOBACTERIUM ULCERANS. It was first reported in Uganda, Africa.
Benign epidermal proliferations or tumors; some are viral in origin.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum immediately below the visible range and extending into the x-ray frequencies. The longer wavelengths (near-UV or biotic or vital rays) are necessary for the endogenous synthesis of vitamin D and are also called antirachitic rays; the shorter, ionizing wavelengths (far-UV or abiotic or extravital rays) are viricidal, bactericidal, mutagenic, and carcinogenic and are used as disinfectants.
Agents that soften, separate, and cause desquamation of the cornified epithelium or horny layer of skin. They are used to expose mycelia of infecting fungi or to treat corns, warts, and certain other skin diseases.
A type I keratin that is found associated with the KERATIN-5 in the internal stratified EPITHELIUM. Mutations in the gene for keratin-14 are associated with EPIDERMOLYSIS BULLOSA SIMPLEX.
A rapid onset form of SYSTEMIC SCLERODERMA with progressive widespread SKIN thickening over the arms, the legs and the trunk, resulting in stiffness and disability.
A vascular reaction of the skin characterized by erythema and wheal formation due to localized increase of vascular permeability. The causative mechanism may be allergy, infection, or stress.
A subacute or chronic inflammatory disease of muscle and skin, marked by proximal muscle weakness and a characteristic skin rash. The illness occurs with approximately equal frequency in children and adults. The skin lesions usually take the form of a purplish rash (or less often an exfoliative dermatitis) involving the nose, cheeks, forehead, upper trunk, and arms. The disease is associated with a complement mediated intramuscular microangiopathy, leading to loss of capillaries, muscle ischemia, muscle-fiber necrosis, and perifascicular atrophy. The childhood form of this disease tends to evolve into a systemic vasculitis. Dermatomyositis may occur in association with malignant neoplasms. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1405-6)
A malignant skin neoplasm that seldom metastasizes but has potentialities for local invasion and destruction. Clinically it is divided into types: nodular, cicatricial, morphaic, and erythematoid (pagetoid). They develop on hair-bearing skin, most commonly on sun-exposed areas. Approximately 85% are found on the head and neck area and the remaining 15% on the trunk and limbs. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1471)
A class of fibrous proteins or scleroproteins that represents the principal constituent of EPIDERMIS; HAIR; NAILS; horny tissues, and the organic matrix of tooth ENAMEL. Two major conformational groups have been characterized, alpha-keratin, whose peptide backbone forms a coiled-coil alpha helical structure consisting of TYPE I KERATIN and a TYPE II KERATIN, and beta-keratin, whose backbone forms a zigzag or pleated sheet structure. alpha-Keratins have been classified into at least 20 subtypes. In addition multiple isoforms of subtypes have been found which may be due to GENE DUPLICATION.
Recirculating, dendritic, antigen-presenting cells containing characteristic racket-shaped granules (Birbeck granules). They are found principally in the stratum spinosum of the EPIDERMIS and are rich in Class II MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX molecules. Langerhans cells were the first dendritic cell to be described and have been a model of study for other dendritic cells (DCs), especially other migrating DCs such as dermal DCs and INTERSTITIAL DENDRITIC CELLS.
Loss of scalp and body hair involving microscopically inflammatory patchy areas.
An extremely variable eczematous skin disease that is presumed to be a response to prolonged vigorous scratching, rubbing, or pinching to relieve intense pruritus. It varies in intensity, severity, course, and morphologic expression in different individuals. Neurodermatitis is believed by some to be psychogenic. The circumscribed or localized form is often referred to as lichen simplex chronicus.
Adverse cutaneous reactions caused by ingestion, parenteral use, or local application of a drug. These may assume various morphologic patterns and produce various types of lesions.
A group of dermatoses with distinct morphologic features. The primary lesion is most commonly a papule, usually erythematous, with a variable degree of scaling on the surface. Plaques form through the coalescing of primary lesions.
Oleagenous substances used topically to soothe, soften or protect skin or mucous membranes. They are used also as vehicles for other dermatologic agents.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
A group of desmosomal cadherins with cytoplasmic tails that resemble those of classical CADHERINS.
Disorders that are characterized by the production of antibodies that react with host tissues or immune effector cells that are autoreactive to endogenous peptides.
Skin diseases of the foot, general or unspecified.
Agents, usually topical, that relieve itching (pruritus).
A CC-type chemokine with specificity for CCR10 RECEPTORS. It is constitutively expressed in the skin and may play a role in T-CELL trafficking during cutaneous INFLAMMATION.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
An immunoglobulin associated with MAST CELLS. Overexpression has been associated with allergic hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).
47-amino acid peptides secreted by ECCRINE GLANDS and having a role in innate cutaneous defense, being antimicrobial to some pathogenic BACTERIA. They are overexpressed by some primary BREAST CANCER cells. They are derived from 110 residue PROTEIN PRECURSORS.
The term applied to a group of relatively uncommon inflammatory, maculopapular, scaly eruptions of unknown etiology and resistant to conventional treatment. Eruptions are both psoriatic and lichenoid in appearance, but the diseases are distinct from psoriasis, lichen planus, or other recognized dermatoses. Proposed nomenclature divides parapsoriasis into two distinct subgroups, PITYRIASIS LICHENOIDES and parapsoriasis en plaques (small- and large-plaque parapsoriasis).
A by-product of the destructive distillation of coal used as a topical antieczematic. It is an antipruritic and keratoplastic agent used also in the treatment of psoriasis and other skin conditions. Occupational exposure to soots, tars, and certain mineral oils is known to be carcinogenic according to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985) (Merck Index, 11th ed).
A chronic, congenital ichthyosis inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Infants are usually born encased in a collodion membrane which sheds within a few weeks. Scaling is generalized and marked with grayish-brown quadrilateral scales, adherent at their centers and free at the edges. In some cases, scales are so thick that they resemble armored plate.
Inflammation of follicles, primarily hair follicles.
Absence of hair from areas where it is normally present.
A naturally occurring furocoumarin compound found in several species of plants, including Psoralea corylifolia. It is a photoactive substance that forms DNA ADDUCTS in the presence of ultraviolet A irradiation.
Small, sacculated organs found within the DERMIS. Each gland has a single duct that emerges from a cluster of oval alveoli. Each alveolus consists of a transparent BASEMENT MEMBRANE enclosing epithelial cells. The ducts from most sebaceous glands open into a HAIR FOLLICLE, but some open on the general surface of the SKIN. Sebaceous glands secrete SEBUM.
Diseases of the domestic dog (Canis familiaris). This term does not include diseases of wild dogs, WOLVES; FOXES; and other Canidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
Semisolid preparations used topically for protective emollient effects or as a vehicle for local administration of medications. Ointment bases are various mixtures of fats, waxes, animal and plant oils and solid and liquid hydrocarbons.
Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.
Antibodies that react with self-antigens (AUTOANTIGENS) of the organism that produced them.
A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
Infections caused by nematode larvae which never develop into the adult stage and migrate through various body tissues. They commonly infect the skin, eyes, and viscera in man. Ancylostoma brasiliensis causes cutaneous larva migrans. Toxocara causes visceral larva migrans.
Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
Drugs that act locally on cutaneous or mucosal surfaces to produce inflammation; those that cause redness due to hyperemia are rubefacients; those that raise blisters are vesicants and those that penetrate sebaceous glands and cause abscesses are pustulants; tear gases and mustard gases are also irritants.
A type of junction that attaches one cell to its neighbor. One of a number of differentiated regions which occur, for example, where the cytoplasmic membranes of adjacent epithelial cells are closely apposed. It consists of a circular region of each membrane together with associated intracellular microfilaments and an intercellular material which may include, for example, mucopolysaccharides. (From Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990; Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
Rare cutaneous eruption characterized by extensive KERATINOCYTE apoptosis resulting in skin detachment with mucosal involvement. It is often provoked by the use of drugs (e.g., antibiotics and anticonvulsants) or associated with PNEUMONIA, MYCOPLASMA. It is considered a continuum of Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis.
Drugs used to treat or prevent parasitic infections.
A form of congenital ichthyosis inherited as an autosomal dominant trait and characterized by ERYTHRODERMA and severe hyperkeratosis. It is manifested at birth by blisters followed by the appearance of thickened, horny, verruciform scales over the entire body, but accentuated in flexural areas. Mutations in the genes that encode KERATIN-1 and KERATIN-10 have been associated with this disorder.
A mixture of mostly avermectin H2B1a (RN 71827-03-7) with some avermectin H2B1b (RN 70209-81-3), which are macrolides from STREPTOMYCES avermitilis. It binds glutamate-gated chloride channel to cause increased permeability and hyperpolarization of nerve and muscle cells. It also interacts with other CHLORIDE CHANNELS. It is a broad spectrum antiparasitic that is active against microfilariae of ONCHOCERCA VOLVULUS but not the adult form.
Skin diseases affecting or involving the cutaneous blood vessels and generally manifested as inflammation, swelling, erythema, or necrosis in the affected area.
A chronic inflammatory mucocutaneous disease usually affecting the female genitalia (VULVAR LICHEN SCLEROSUS) and BALANITIS XEROTICA OBLITERANS in males. It is also called white spot disease and Csillag's disease.
Rare, chronic, papulo-vesicular disease characterized by an intensely pruritic eruption consisting of various combinations of symmetrical, erythematous, papular, vesicular, or bullous lesions. The disease is strongly associated with the presence of HLA-B8 and HLA-DR3 antigens. A variety of different autoantibodies has been detected in small numbers in patients with dermatitis herpetiformis.
Infection with nematodes of the genus ONCHOCERCA. Characteristics include the presence of firm subcutaneous nodules filled with adult worms, PRURITUS, and ocular lesions.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
A tube-like invagination of the EPIDERMIS from which the hair shaft develops and into which SEBACEOUS GLANDS open. The hair follicle is lined by a cellular inner and outer root sheath of epidermal origin and is invested with a fibrous sheath derived from the dermis. (Stedman, 26th ed) Follicles of very long hairs extend into the subcutaneous layer of tissue under the SKIN.
A common superficial bacterial infection caused by STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS or group A beta-hemolytic streptococci. Characteristics include pustular lesions that rupture and discharge a thin, amber-colored fluid that dries and forms a crust. This condition is commonly located on the face, especially about the mouth and nose.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
The forcing into the skin of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle, piercing the top skin layer.
A common, benign, usually self-limited viral infection of the skin and occasionally the conjunctivae by a poxvirus (MOLLUSCUM CONTAGIOSUM VIRUS). (Dorland, 27th ed)
A persistent progressive non-elevated red scaly or crusted plaque which is due to an intradermal carcinoma and is potentially malignant. Atypical squamous cells proliferate through the whole thickness of the epidermis. The lesions may occur anywhere on the skin surface or on mucosal surfaces. The cause most frequently found is trivalent arsenic compounds. Freezing, cauterization or diathermy coagulation is often effective. (From Rook et al., Textbook of Dermatology, 4th ed, pp2428-9)
Endogenous tissue constituents that have the ability to interact with AUTOANTIBODIES and cause an immune response.
Connective tissue cells which secrete an extracellular matrix rich in collagen and other macromolecules.
An autosomal dominant skin disease characterized by transient and variable noninflammatory ERYTHEMA and hyperkeratosis. It has been associated with mutations in the genes that code for CONNEXINS. Erythrokeratodermia variabilis inherited in an autosomal recessive fashion has also been reported. Affected individuals often develop PALMOPLANTAR KERATODERMA.
A chronic, malignant T-cell lymphoma of the skin. In the late stages, the LYMPH NODES and viscera are affected.
Form of epidermolysis bullosa having onset at birth or during the neonatal period and transmitted through autosomal recessive inheritance. It is characterized by generalized blister formation, extensive denudation, and separation and cleavage of the basal cell plasma membranes from the basement membrane.
A type of inflammatory arthritis associated with PSORIASIS, often involving the axial joints and the peripheral terminal interphalangeal joints. It is characterized by the presence of HLA-B27-associated SPONDYLARTHROPATHY, and the absence of rheumatoid factor.
Filaments 7-11 nm in diameter found in the cytoplasm of all cells. Many specific proteins belong to this group, e.g., desmin, vimentin, prekeratin, decamin, skeletin, neurofilin, neurofilament protein, and glial fibrillary acid protein.
Non-antibody proteins secreted by inflammatory leukocytes and some non-leukocytic cells, that act as intercellular mediators. They differ from classical hormones in that they are produced by a number of tissue or cell types rather than by specialized glands. They generally act locally in a paracrine or autocrine rather than endocrine manner.
Operative procedures performed on the SKIN.
Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified - cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.
A form of epidermolysis bullosa characterized by serous bullae that heal without scarring. Mutations in the genes that encode KERATIN-5 and KERATIN-14 have been associated with several subtypes of epidermolysis bullosa simplex.
A group of lymphomas exhibiting clonal expansion of malignant T-lymphocytes arrested at varying stages of differentiation as well as malignant infiltration of the skin. MYCOSIS FUNGOIDES; SEZARY SYNDROME; LYMPHOMATOID PAPULOSIS; and PRIMARY CUTANEOUS ANAPLASTIC LARGE CELL LYMPHOMA are the best characterized of these disorders.
Abnormal responses to sunlight or artificial light due to extreme reactivity of light-absorbing molecules in tissues. It refers almost exclusively to skin photosensitivity, including sunburn, reactions due to repeated prolonged exposure in the absence of photosensitizing factors, and reactions requiring photosensitizing factors such as photosensitizing agents and certain diseases. With restricted reference to skin tissue, it does not include photosensitivity of the eye to light, as in photophobia or photosensitive epilepsy.
A chronic multi-system disorder of CONNECTIVE TISSUE. It is characterized by SCLEROSIS in the SKIN, the LUNGS, the HEART, the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, the KIDNEYS, and the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM. Other important features include diseased small BLOOD VESSELS and AUTOANTIBODIES. The disorder is named for its most prominent feature (hard skin), and classified into subsets by the extent of skin thickening: LIMITED SCLERODERMA and DIFFUSE SCLERODERMA.
The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.
A water-soluble medicinal preparation applied to the skin.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Viscous, nauseating oil obtained from the shrub Croton tiglium (Euphorbaceae). It is a vesicant and skin irritant used as pharmacologic standard for skin inflammation and allergy and causes skin cancer. It was formerly used as an emetic and cathartic with frequent mortality.
Photography of objects viewed under a microscope using ordinary photographic methods.
Mutant strains of mice that produce little or no hair.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
Agents that are used to treat allergic reactions. Most of these drugs act by preventing the release of inflammatory mediators or inhibiting the actions of released mediators on their target cells. (From AMA Drug Evaluations Annual, 1994, p475)
A proinflammatory cytokine produced primarily by T-LYMPHOCYTES or their precursors. Several subtypes of interleukin-17 have been identified, each of which is a product of a unique gene.
A species of mite that causes SCABIES in humans and sarcoptic mange in other animals. Specific variants of S. scabiei exist for humans and animals, but many have the ability to cross species and cause disease.
Substances that reduce or suppress INFLAMMATION.
Most common form of ICHTHYOSIS characterized by prominent scaling especially on the exterior surfaces of the extremities. It is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Irritants and reagents for labeling terminal amino acid groups.
Drugs that selectively bind to but do not activate histamine H1 receptors, thereby blocking the actions of endogenous histamine. Included here are the classical antihistaminics that antagonize or prevent the action of histamine mainly in immediate hypersensitivity. They act in the bronchi, capillaries, and some other smooth muscles, and are used to prevent or allay motion sickness, seasonal rhinitis, and allergic dermatitis and to induce somnolence. The effects of blocking central nervous system H1 receptors are not as well understood.
A non-fibrillar collagen involved in anchoring the epidermal BASEMENT MEMBRANE to underlying tissue. It is a homotrimer comprised of C-terminal and N-terminal globular domains connected by a central triple-helical region.
A class of non-sedating drugs that bind to but do not activate histamine receptors (DRUG INVERSE AGONISM), thereby blocking the actions of histamine or histamine agonists. These antihistamines represent a heterogenous group of compounds with differing chemical structures, adverse effects, distribution, and metabolism. Compared to the early (first generation) antihistamines, these non-sedating antihistamines have greater receptor specificity, lower penetration of BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER, and are less likely to cause drowsiness or psychomotor impairment.
Transmission and interpretation of tissue specimens via remote telecommunication, generally for the purpose of diagnosis or consultation but may also be used for continuing education.
Systems of medicine based on cultural beliefs and practices handed down from generation to generation. The concept includes mystical and magical rituals (SPIRITUAL THERAPIES); PHYTOTHERAPY; and other treatments which may not be explained by modern medicine.
An autosomal dominantly inherited skin disorder characterized by warty malodorous papules that coalesce into plaques. It is caused by mutations in the ATP2A2 gene encoding SERCA2 protein, one of the SARCOPLASMIC RETICULUM CALCIUM-TRANSPORTING ATPASES. The condition is similar, clinically and histologically, to BENIGN FAMILIAL PEMPHIGUS, another autosomal dominant skin disorder. Both diseases have defective calcium pumps (CALCIUM-TRANSPORTING ATPASES) and unstable desmosomal adhesion junctions (DESMOSOMES) between KERATINOCYTES.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Form of epidermolysis bullosa characterized by atrophy of blistered areas, severe scarring, and nail changes. It is most often present at birth or in early infancy and occurs in both autosomal dominant and recessive forms. All forms of dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa result from mutations in COLLAGEN TYPE VII, a major component fibrils of BASEMENT MEMBRANE and EPIDERMIS.
Antimicrobial cationic peptides with a highly conserved amino terminal cathelin-like domain and a more variable carboxy terminal domain. They are initially synthesized as preproproteins and then cleaved. They are expressed in many tissues of humans and localized to EPITHELIAL CELLS. They kill nonviral pathogens by forming pores in membranes.
Agents that suppress immune function by one of several mechanisms of action. Classical cytotoxic immunosuppressants act by inhibiting DNA synthesis. Others may act through activation of T-CELLS or by inhibiting the activation of HELPER CELLS. While immunosuppression has been brought about in the past primarily to prevent rejection of transplanted organs, new applications involving mediation of the effects of INTERLEUKINS and other CYTOKINES are emerging.
Small cationic peptides that are an important component, in most species, of early innate and induced defenses against invading microbes. In animals they are found on mucosal surfaces, within phagocytic granules, and on the surface of the body. They are also found in insects and plants. Among others, this group includes the DEFENSINS, protegrins, tachyplesins, and thionins. They displace DIVALENT CATIONS from phosphate groups of MEMBRANE LIPIDS leading to disruption of the membrane.
Inflammation of the OUTER EAR including the external EAR CANAL, cartilages of the auricle (EAR CARTILAGE), and the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Antigen-type substances that produce immediate hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).
Diseases of the domestic cat (Felis catus or F. domesticus). This term does not include diseases of the so-called big cats such as CHEETAHS; LIONS; tigers, cougars, panthers, leopards, and other Felidae for which the heading CARNIVORA is used.
A species of parasitic nematodes widely distributed throughout central Africa and also found in northern South America, southern Mexico, and Guatemala. Its intermediate host and vector is the blackfly or buffalo gnat.
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
Mammalian pigment cells that produce MELANINS, pigments found mainly in the EPIDERMIS, but also in the eyes and the hair, by a process called melanogenesis. Coloration can be altered by the number of melanocytes or the amount of pigment produced and stored in the organelles called MELANOSOMES. The large non-mammalian melanin-containing cells are called MELANOPHORES.
Treatment of disease by exposure to light, especially by variously concentrated light rays or specific wavelengths.
Peptides and proteins found in BODILY SECRETIONS and BODY FLUIDS that are PROTEASE INHIBITORS. They play a role in INFLAMMATION, tissue repair and innate immunity (IMMUNITY, INNATE) by inhibiting endogenous proteinases such as those produced by LEUKOCYTES and exogenous proteases such as those produced by invading microorganisms.
The major immunoglobulin isotype class in normal human serum. There are several isotype subclasses of IgG, for example, IgG1, IgG2A, and IgG2B.
Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.
Infections with nontuberculous mycobacteria (atypical mycobacteria): M. kansasii, M. marinum, M. scrofulaceum, M. flavescens, M. gordonae, M. obuense, M. gilvum, M. duvali, M. szulgai, M. intracellulare (see MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX;), M. xenopi (littorale), M. ulcerans, M. buruli, M. terrae, M. fortuitum (minetti, giae), M. chelonae.
A chemotherapeutic agent that acts against erythrocytic forms of malarial parasites. Hydroxychloroquine appears to concentrate in food vacuoles of affected protozoa. It inhibits plasmodial heme polymerase. (From Gilman et al., Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 9th ed, p970)
Mice bearing mutant genes which are phenotypically expressed in the animals.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.
Linear furanocoumarins which are found in many PLANTS, especially UMBELLIFERAE and RUTACEAE, as well as PSORALEA from which they were originally discovered. They can intercalate DNA and, in an UV-initiated reaction of the furan portion, alkylate PYRIMIDINES, resulting in PHOTOSENSITIVITY DISORDERS.
A circumscribed benign epithelial tumor projecting from the surrounding surface; more precisely, a benign epithelial neoplasm consisting of villous or arborescent outgrowths of fibrovascular stroma covered by neoplastic cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.

Dermatitis with invasive ciliated protozoa in dolphins that died during the 1987-1988 Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphin morbilliviral epizootic. (1/104)

Dermatitis with intradermal cilated protozoa was identified in 18 of 95 (19%) Atlantic Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) that died during the 1987-1988 Atlantic-dolphin morbillivirus epizootic. The lesions were characterized by focally extensive suppurative and histiocytic dermatitis and cellulitis with ulceration and variable numbers of dermal and hypodermal ciliates. Vasculitis, thrombosis, and/or intravascular ciliates were rarely present. In one dolphin, there was an associated lymphadenitis with ciliates, and in another, bronchopneumonia with rare intrabronchiolar ciliates. Ten of the dolphins were female, and eight were male. The animals ranged in length from 148 to 260 cm. Eleven were from Virginia, four were from New Jersey, and three were from Florida. In 13 dolphins, results of immunohistochemical and/or polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests were positive for morbillivirus infection. Results of immunohistochemical tests were negative in four dolphins that were not also tested with PCR. Results were also negative in one dolphin tested using both methods. Nine dolphins had concomitant bacterial, fungal, and/or other protozoal infections. Fourteen other dolphins with ciliate-associated dermatitis were identified from 414 Atlantic bottlenose dolphin cases (3%) archived at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology. The incidence of dermatitis with invasive ciliates is much greater in dolphins that died during the 1987-1988 epizootic.  (+info)

Comparison of serological and parasitological assessments of Onchocerca volvulus transmission after 7 years of mass ivermectin treatment in Mexico. (2/104)

OBJECTIVE AND METHOD: To compare the utility of an ELISA using 3 recombinant antigens with that of the skin biopsy to estimate incidence of infections in a sentinel cohort of individuals living in an endemic community in southern Mexico during a set of 11 subsequent ivermectin treatments. RESULTS: The apparent community prevalence of infection and microfilarial skin infection before and after 11 treatments with ivermectin plus nodulectomy were 78% and 13%, and 0.68 mf/mg and 0.04 mf/mg, respectively, as measured by skin biopsy. Of a group of 286 individuals participating in all surveys, a sentinel cohort of 42 mf and serologically negative individuals had been followed since 1994. The annual percentage of individuals becoming positive in this cohort was 24% (10/42), 28% (9/33), 0%, and 4.3% (1/23) in 1995, 1996, 1997 and 1998, respectively. Likewise, the incidence in children 5 years and under (n = 13) within this sentinel cohort was 15% (2/13), 18% (2/11), 0% and 11% (1/9), respectively. All individuals became positive to both tests simultaneously, indicating that seroconversion assessed infection incidence as accurately as skin biopsy in the sentinel group. CONCLUSION: Incidence monitoring of a sentinel cohort provides an estimation of the parasite transmission in the community; it is less costly than massive sampling, and a finger prick blood test might be more acceptable in some communities.  (+info)

Eotaxin expression in Onchocerca volvulus-induced dermatitis after topical application of diethylcarbamazine. (3/104)

In persons with onchocerciasis, topical application of the anthelminthic diethylcarbamazine (DEC) induces clinical and histologic responses similar to acute papular onchodermatitis, including recruitment of eosinophils to the skin. To determine whether the eosinophil chemokine eotaxin is likely to be associated with eosinophil recruitment in onchodermatitis, DEC was applied to a 5-cm2 area on the skin of infected persons, and biopsies were taken from lesions 24 h later. Histologic analysis showed elevated dermal and epidermal eosinophils compared with tissue from an adjacent (untreated) site. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction showed that eotaxin gene expression in DEC-treated skin was elevated 2- to 17-fold compared with control tissue. Eotaxin immunoreactivity was noted in mononuclear cells and eosinophils in the perivascular region of the dermis and in lymphatic and vascular endothelial cells. Together, these observations are consistent with a role for eotaxin in recruitment of eosinophils to the dermis in early stage onchocercal skin disease.  (+info)

Paragonimiasis westermani with multifocal lesions in lungs and skin. (4/104)

We report a case of Paragonimus westermani infection with a reticulonodular lesion in the right lung, left pleural effusion, and a mobile subcutaneous mass. Analyses of pleural effusion and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) showed marked eosinophilia and high levels of eosinophil cationic protein and interleukin (IL)-5. Transbronchial lung biopsy revealed the presence of pneumonia with mild eosinophilic infiltration but remarkable lymphocytic infiltration. In this patient, high IL-5 levels in both BALF and pleural effusion could explain the remarkable eosinophilia.  (+info)

Associations between epidermal thionin-positive cells and skin parasitic infections in brown trout Salmo trutta. (5/104)

The dynamics of the densities of epidermal thionin-positive cells (putative mast cells) in the skin of brown trout fry were investigated during experimental infections with the skin parasites Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Ciliophora) and Gyrodactylus derjavini (Monogenea). It was shown that the metachromatic thionin-stained cells were extremely sensitive to parasite exposure, as the density of cells in the skin of trout decreased markedly after exposure to the pathogens. As early as 7 d post infection the cell counts were significantly reduced and almost totally depleted following 9 d infection, which suggests that degranulation of the cells occurs following parasite exposure. No recruitment of new cells was seen during the study period. Some reduction in uninfected control groups indicates that the putative mast cells are sensitive to stress as well. A notable variation in densities of thionin-stained cells between different fins was found and the corneal surface was devoid of these cells. The possible implications of these cells in host-parasite interactions are suggested and discussed.  (+info)

A new strain of Cryptocaryon irritans from the cultured olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus. (6/104)

An obligate parasite, Cryptocaryon irritans, which is responsible for the white spot disease of marine fish is known to develop in the temperature regime over 19 degrees C. Recently, however, we found white spot disease of olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus during winter at water temperatures ranging between 12 and 16 degrees C in Korea. In the present study we isolated a C. irritans-like ciliate from the affected fish and investigated its reproductive characters to compare the newly found ciliate with typical C. irritans. The newly found ciliate had an additional process in the reproductive stage, characterized by a budding before palintomic division, and it showed a higher ability to carry out tomitogenesis at a low temperature (16 degrees C) than at a high temperature (24 degrees C). Nevertheless, the present ciliates still had much in common with typical C. irritans with respect to clinical, histopathological, and morphological characters, suggesting that it is a new strain of C. irritans, adapted to lower water temperature.  (+info)

Paper chromatography hybridization: a rapid method for detection of Onchocerca volvulus DNA amplified by PCR. (7/104)

Prior studies have shown that Onchocerca volvulus DNA can be detected in skin snips and in black flies after polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with primers specific for repeated "O-150" DNA sequences. We have adapted a paper chromatography hybridization assay (PCHA) to detect amplified O-150 DNA and compared this method to two established methods, namely agarose gel electrophoresis (AGE) and hybridization enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The minimum amounts of purified O-150 DNA detected by PCHA, AGE, and ELISA were 5, 10, and 2 ng, respectively. The three methods had similar estimated sensitivities for detecting O. volvulus DNA amplified from skin snips from African subjects with onchocerciasis (88%, 84%, and 91%, respectively). No false positive results were observed with skin snips from uninfected control subjects. The paper chromatography hybridization assay detects PCR products in 30 minutes without electricity or special equipment. This technology brings DNA detection a step closer to widespread use in field settings.  (+info)

Recovery of avian schistosome cercariae from water using penetration stimulant matrix with an unsaturated fatty acid. (8/104)

Avian schistosome cercariae that emerge from aquatic snails can penetrate human skin causing cercarial dermatitis resulting in serious skin disease in sensitized and immunocompromised people. A trap developed for Schistosoma mansoni cercariae was tested for recovery of avian schistosome cercariae. A matrix with an unsaturated fatty acid, linoleic acid stimulates attachment and penetration of Trichobilharzia spp. cercariae, and the immobilized larvae can be subsequently visualized. The number of trapped cercariae exceeded by 3 to 7 times the number of larvae expected on the surface of the trap, based on their random distribution in the water. Recognition, attachment, and penetration of Trichobilharzia spp. cercariae led to injection of more secretory products into the stimulant matrix than by Schistosoma mansoni cercariae. This method can assist in the identification of waters infected with avian schistosome cercariae so that human exposure to these parasitic larvae can be minimized.  (+info)

Skin diseases caused by parasites are one of the worst things that can occur to anyone. Here, we list down the Top 7 Human Parasitic Skin Diseases in the World, visualized in an infographic.
Onchocerciasis, or river blindness, is a parasitic disease that affects more than 20 million people globally. The induction of pathology is directly related to the presence and destruction of the microfilarial stages (mf) of this filarial nematode. The disease presents clinically with a wide spectrum of dermal and ocular manifestations, the basis of the variation is believed to involve the immune system. The clinical presentations of infected hosts relate to the intensity of the reactions against the parasite. Anti-microfilarial drugs are also thought to somehow involve the immune system in their pharmacological action. In this study we have investigated some of the factors that might contribute to the pathogenesis, with the aim of gaining a better understanding of the role of immune response in these host inflammatory reactions to Onchocerca volvulus parasite. In the first study we have highlighted the clinically most severe form of dermal onchocerciasis, known as reactive onchocercal ...
The American Badger (Taxidea taxus) is found primarily on the great plains of North America. One of the larger members of the Mustelidae family, the badger tends to be a solitary animal. It is an excellent digger using its powerful forelimbs to tunnel rapidly through the soil. Specifications: Left scapula is broken 5 b
The 2011-2016 World Outlook for Garment Leather Made from Cattle Hide and Kip Side Offal, Finished Cattle Hide and Kip Side Leather Splits, and Other - Market research report and industry analysis - 6295837
Acknowledgements. Ivermectin (Revectina) and Deltamethrin (Deltacid) were provided free of charge by Solvay Farma Ltd (São Paulo, Brazil). Albendazol (Zentel) was provided by SmithKline Beecham Brasil Ltd (São Paulo, Brazil).. The authors wish to thank Antonia Valéria de Assunção Santos for skilful assistance, the community leaders and inhabitants of Balbino community, as well as Dr José Policarpo de Araújo Barbosa and Dr Franci Croci.. Funding: This study was supported in part by Ärztekomittee für die Dritte Welt (Frankfurt, Germany) and the DAAD/CAPES PROBRAL academic exchange programme. SA was supported by the Verein der Freunde und Förderer des Universitätsklinikums Benajmin Franklin der Freien Universität Berlin.. Conflicts of interest: none declared.. References. 1. Albonico M, Crompton DW, Savioli L. Control strategies for human intestinal nematode infections. Advances in Parasitology 1999;42:277-341. 2. Chan MS. The global burden of intestinal nematode infections fifty years ...
Body lice are vectors of a host of pathogenic bacteria, such as Rickettsia prowazekii (the agent of epidemic typhus), Borrelia recurrentis (the agent of relapsing fever), Bartonella quintana (the agent of trench fever and bacillary angiomatosis) and Yersinia pestis (the agent of plague), and can cause important secondary morbidity through life-threatening infections.39 Head lice can transfer Y. pestis during blood sucking.40 Lice can passively carry staphylococci, streptococci, Acinetobacter spp. and Serratia marcescens and transfer them from infected lesions to other areas of the skin.41. Morbidity related to itching (pruritus) is best studied in scabies as it is such a common symptom that patients scratch their lesions almost constantly. Repeated scratching of a lesion causes excoriation and denudation of the skin thus creating portals of entry for pathogenic bacteria. The clinical consequences of secondary bacterial infection, especially with group A streptococci, result in significant, ...
During the warm weather more particularly, fleas are a source of great annoyance to clogs, and frequently to their owners, more especially if the animal be kept in the house. Owing to the rapid mul...
The meat of healthy cattle is sterile and surrounded by two areas that are highly contaminated with microorganisms. These areas are the hide and the intestinal tract. Because cattle hides can carry pathogens, there is a crucial need for technologies to prevent or minimize microbial cross-contamination from these sources. Two potential approaches to decontamination technology are: (1) decontamination of the hide before dressing or (2) decontamination of the carcass after de-hiding. Most decontamination techniques focus on physical removal or killing of microorganisms on the . . .
TY - JOUR. T1 - Damage caused by spoilage bacteria to the structure of cattle hides and sheep skins. AU - Mohamed, Hamdin. AU - van Klink, Ed. AU - ElHassan, Suliman M. PY - 2016/3. Y1 - 2016/3. N2 - Recently greater attention has been given to hides and skins because of theadded value of processing them into leather and leather products. The study aimed to isolate and identify aerobic bacteria associated with damage to raw cattle hides and sheep/goat skins in Sudan. Probably due to poor hygiene and poor conditions in the slaughterhouses a total of 414 organisms were isolated (379 Gram- positive and 35 Gram- negative bacteria) from fresh and washed hides and skins in the slaughterhouse, salted and dried hides and skins inwarehouses where these was a delay in curing and the absence of bactericides. Other bacterial species were isolated from raw hides and skins which were delivered without treatment to the tannery. Staphylococcus spp., Micrococcus spp., Corynebacterium spp., Bacillus spp., ...
Mangoworms are being removed from the skin of a sedated Gambian local dog. PS Instead of crying for gloves: Please...
Internal links within this website are funded and maintained by the Beef Checkoff. All other outgoing links are to websites maintained by third parties. Read more ,,, ...
Ivermectol (Ivermectin) is an anthelmintic medications used to treat a variety of parasitic infestations. It kills the parasite by paralysing it. Ivermectin is most commonly used to treat onchocerciasis (river blindness), but it is also used in the treatment of other worm infestations, and some epidermal parasitic skin diseases, including scabies.
Beginning practical exercises 9:00 End 13:30. References for preparing students for classes. For the qualitative self-absorption of knowledge in learning, the student is advised to focus on the following questions:. questions for self-study (on topics).. Tasks for assessing the students independent preparation:. On a daily basis, on the topic of the current class, teachers give tasks consisting four stages:. The first stage is one or more tests.. The second and third stages are clinical situational problems of the task of varying degree of complexity.. The fourth step is the one-step STEP tests.. Credit card: download Practical Class. Theme № 1. Elements of skin rash and methods of examination and examination of patients with skin pathology. Parasitic skin diseases. (Scabies, Pediculosis).. Tasks for practical training. Theme № 1. Practical Class. Theme № 2. Bacterial skin diseases. Pyoderma.. Tasks for practical training. Theme № 2. Bacterial skin disiases. Pyoderma. Practical Class. ...
Current research suggests that the indigenous microbial community of the skin is on the forefront of defense against the growth of invading bacteria [37, 38]. For instance, Staphylococcus epidermidis, a commensal bacterium found on the skin of humans, has the ability to prevent the colonization of pathogens, such as S. aureus and group A Streptococcus, through the binding of keratinocyte receptors and the production of phenol-soluble modulins and other antimicrobial peptides [39-42]. Additionally, increased diversity on healthy intact skin in humans has been speculated to reduce the spread of opportunistic pathogens present in wounds [43]. This complex and varied ecosystem is poorly understood in cattle and may provide a rich source of information for the mitigation of pathogen spread and colonization.. Our analyses showcased the relationship between the composition of hide bacterial communities and the prevalence of EHEC contamination on cattle hides. To test whether these correlations seen in ...
Stir it into milk for an instant collagen matcha latte! We combined certified organic Uji matcha from Japan with our popular pasture-raised collagen peptides made from Mongolian cattle hides. It is also already mildly sweetened with our Keto Sweet (zero calorie natural sweetener) so you can make your delicious matcha l
When you are stressed, where do you feel the tension in your body? Do you know? There are benefits to understanding where stress hides in your body so that you can take steps to controlling and reducing the stress. Here are 4 places that stress commonly hides in the body.
Canadian model Winnie Harlow may be an advocate for body positivity, but she also thinks its perfectly OK for people to want to hide their flaws - and they shouldnt be shamed for doing so, she says....
is there a way to add show and hide behavior to content as the user rolls his mouse over navbar items in css? the content are div tags that contain an image and text.
is there a way to add show and hide behavior to content as the user rolls his mouse over navbar items in css? the content are div tags that contain an image and text.
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Hello - I am trying to hide an excel form control if a specified cell has a value of . Below is what I have so far. You may notice I am using two different methods to refereance the form control...
Human is a form, not a race. You MUST understand that statement, because your lack of knowledge allows it to hide in plain sight.
Demodex canis mites are found in the normal skin microbiota of most dogs, but can result in canine demodicosis if the number of mites dramatically increases due to underlying disease, immunosurpression, genetic defect, stress, or breed association. Treating generalized Demodectic mange often requires high owner compliance over a potentially long period of time, especially when using ivermectin. Recent studies have revealed that a class of insecticides known as isoxasolines provide a better alternative for treatment of generalized demodicosis, specifically afoxolaner (NexGard®), fluralaner (Bravecto™), and sarolaner (Simparica™). This review compares the efficacy, side effects, and cost of isoxasolines to ivermectin in efforts to aid owners and veterinarians in choosing an effective, yet safe and lost-cost treatment option. Although additional studies are needed, fluralaner appears to be highly efficacious and the safest and cheapest treatment option for generalized canine demodicosis, while ...
When C. anthropophaga causes cutaneous myiasis, the larvae more often than not can be removed without any incision. Covering the punctum (the breathing hole) with petroleum jelly or similar substances cuts off the air supply and forces the maggot to the surface, where it is easy to capture with forceps. If this does not work, local anesthetic can be administered and an incision made to widen the punctum and remove the maggot.[5] Another treatment discussed in the March 2014 Journal of the American Medical Association is to inject a combination of anaesthetic and epinephrine into the insects chamber. Less drastically, because larvae of C. anthropophaga have smaller hooked bristles on the cuticle than those of Dermatobia hominis, it often is practical just to push on each side of the hole to squeeze the maggot out, especially after first enlarging the punctum. It is important not to burst the larva to prevent the risk of granulomatous or serious inflammatory reaction.[8] Patients should be ...
Introduction. The infestation of vertebrate animals with larvae of dipteran flies is refered to as myiasis. Skin injuries on animals or the presence of excretory products (urine and/or faeces) in dry sand or clothing serve as an attractant to the flies. The flies subsequently lay their eggs in wounds or sleeping places of the animals, especially on straws, sand and sometimes on urine-smelling clothing (Ockenhouse et al. 1990). Hatching of eggs and the eventual penetration of larvae into the skin occurs through contact with the larvae from the environment or clothing; subsequently, the larva feeds and thrives on dead or living tissues and body fluid. Growth and development of the larvae from the first to the third instar larvae and the eventual pupae occur within a set time (depending on the fly species involved in the myiasis), but is determined by temperature rather than humidity (Stevens & Wall 2001). Non-migratory cutaneous furunculoid myiasis of animals and humans in the tropics (Africa) and ...
Introduction. The infestation of vertebrate animals with larvae of dipteran flies is refered to as myiasis. Skin injuries on animals or the presence of excretory products (urine and/or faeces) in dry sand or clothing serve as an attractant to the flies. The flies subsequently lay their eggs in wounds or sleeping places of the animals, especially on straws, sand and sometimes on urine-smelling clothing (Ockenhouse et al. 1990). Hatching of eggs and the eventual penetration of larvae into the skin occurs through contact with the larvae from the environment or clothing; subsequently, the larva feeds and thrives on dead or living tissues and body fluid. Growth and development of the larvae from the first to the third instar larvae and the eventual pupae occur within a set time (depending on the fly species involved in the myiasis), but is determined by temperature rather than humidity (Stevens & Wall 2001). Non-migratory cutaneous furunculoid myiasis of animals and humans in the tropics (Africa) and ...
Swimmers itch or cercarial dermatitis, is a short-term immune reaction occurring in the skin of humans that have been infected by water-borne schistosomatidae. Symptoms, which include itchy, raised papules, commonly occur within hours of infection and do not generally last more than a week. It is common in freshwater, brackish and marine habitats worldwide. Incidence may be on the rise, although this may also be attributed to better monitoring. Nevertheless, the condition has been regarded as emerging infectious disease. There are no permanent effects to people from this condition. Orally administered hydroxyzine, an antihistamine, is sometimes prescribed to treat swimmers itch and similar dermal allergic reactions. In addition, bathing in oatmeal, baking soda, or Epsom salts can also provide relief of symptoms. Swimmers itch probably has been around as long as humans. The condition was known to exist as early as the 1800s, but it was not until 1928 that a biologist found that the dermatitis ...
Background Trichobilharzia is the most species rich and widely distributed genus of schistosomes and is known throughout Europe and North America as an agent of human cercarial dermatitis. The disease is caused by an acute allergic reaction in the skin that develops as a consequence of repeated contact with water containing schistosomatid cercariae. However, despite historical outbreaks of the disease, there are no published records of accurately identified Trichobilharzia species from the UK. Methods Two hundred Radix auricularia (L.) were sampled from a recreational fishing lake in Hampshire and emerging schistosomatid cercariae were collected for microscopy and DNA extraction. General morphological description of the cercariae was performed, alongside sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of the 28S ribosomal DNA for accurate species identification as well as comparisons of ITS1 in order to identify evolutionary affinities with other European populations. All molecular comparisons were ...
Answered by Jamie Utz - Wildlife Diversity Biologist - Idaho Dept. of Fish & Game Southwest Region Thanks to a special feature of reproductive biology, seasonal patterns of torpor, and certain behavioral tendencies of American badgers (Taxidea taxus), this is tricky question to answer. Badgers mate in the late summer or early fall. But once…
Demodicosis in dogs is caused by a mite and is a kind of mange. Learn about the cause, diagnosis, and treatment of Demodex mites in dogs.
Epidemiology of human demodicosis obtained from the attendance data in a large-scale industry city. Abstracts of the 2nd African Congress of Acarologists. 2001 December 3-9; Nairobi, Kenya. 2001; 34 ...
Arent worms icky (Unless you are a 4 year old boy or a worm-whisperer, you probably wont disagree with that statement)? They have no eyes, no legs, no arms and theyre always slimy! Imagine how much it would stink if there were worms that lived underneath your skin… Well, imagine no more! The loa loa is here for you! Or, more specifically, the fluids you have in and under your skin. Native to West Africa, these creepy, translucent worms start off as eggs, given to you by a bite from either a mango fly (Cordylobia anthropophaga) or a deerfly (from the Chrysops genus). When these eggs hatch, the worms (which are only 5-20 mm. (0.2-0.79 inches) long) follow the blood-stream to find food, only moving during the day. They only move during the day because [most] flies only come out during the daytime; if a fly bit you, this would give the loa loa the opportunity to allow the fly to swallow its eggs, thereby propagating the species. At night-time, they rest in the lungs. While this would already ...
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You get it by swimming or wading in waters contaminated with the parasite. The parasite larvae burrow into human skin and causes allergic reaction and rash. The risk of being infected is greater in shallow water by the shoreline with warm temperature. Although anyone can get swimmers itch, children are infected more often since they tend to swim, wade, and play in the shallow water more than adults. Also, they are less likely to towel dry themselves when leaving the water. Person-to-person spread does not occur, since these larvae cannot develop in a human and die soon.. #gallery-4 { margin: auto; } #gallery-4 .gallery-item { float: left; margin-top: 10px; text-align: center; width: 20%; } #gallery-4 img { border: 2px solid #cfcfcf; } #gallery-4 .gallery-caption { margin-left: 0; } /* see gallery_shortcode() in wp-includes/media.php */ ...
Does anyone know if Lake Bemidji has swimmers itch now? I would like to know before taking my child there to swim. Thanks for any information.
Tiny freshwater (and saltwater) parasites can occasionally cause a red skin rash in swimmers. Cercariae (larvae) of freshwater schistosomes cause schistosome cercarial dermatitis, or swimmers itch. Similar parasites that live in sea water can give rise to clam diggers itch or sea lice. When these tiny organisms encounter swimming or wading humans, the larva burrow into the skin and die. Upon leaving the water, the persons skin will itch and develop a transient hive-like rash that subsides in several hours. Later, the symptoms recur with a red, bumpy, and itchy eruption. Since the larva cannot live in the skin, the rash will slowly regress but it may take several weeks to resolve.. Prevention is difficult, but immediate thorough washing and vigorous towel drying, and/or applying rubbing alcohol to exposed areas after leaving the water is helpful. Symptomatic treatment with steroid creams (Cortaid) can be helpful. Antihistamine medications (Benadryl) can help decrease itching. Those who ...
Burrowing Owls are small, long-legged predators of the open prairie with a close association with burrowing mammals such as ground squirrels (Spermophilus spp.), badgers (Taxidea taxus), and prairie dogs (Cynomys spp.). Adults are drably coloured with a mix of brown, white, and beige spotting. Juveniles are more richly coloured in dark brown and cream. Adults and young are relatively conspicuous because of their tendency to be active during the day, foraging from elevated mounds or fenceposts in open, prairie habitats.
List of 52 causes for Dark and light patches on the skin and Vesiculobullous rash, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
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The purpose of this project is to develop a cosmetically acceptable topical film forming lotion that will prevent the penetration of schistosome cercaria. Candidate lotions were prepared based upon carboxylated polyacrylic film forming materials. By the addition of proper curatives and emoluents the applied lotion quickly dries to an integral film showing excellent dermal adhesion. Lotions were evaluated for cosmetic elegance and longevity. Superior candidates were applied to mice tails, allowed to dry and exposed to schistosome cercariae shed from infected snails. Experiments were performed wherein coated tails were exposed to water and abraded prior to exposure. Seven weeks after exposure subject and control mice were sacrificed. Worm burden was determined by visual observation of the liver, perfusion and maceration. Superior candidate formulations prevented cercariae penetration within the limits of the test performed. Human longevity of the films varies with environmental circumstances however
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Two experiments were conducted to determine the effect of CPC concentration and dwell time after treatment on microbial populations (tables 1 and 2). All dwell times after 1% CPC application to cattle hides resulted in lower APC and EB counts than controls (Table 1). However, for APC, 30 sec dwell time had the lowest counts and 30 min, 2 h, and 4 h were not different from one another. For EB, 30 min dwell time had the highest counts and 30 sec, 2 h, and 4 h were not different from one another. For CPC concentration (Table 2), APCs were not different among 0.5, 1, and 3% CPC after either 30 sec or 4 h dwell time, but 4 h counts were lower than 30 sec counts. For EB counts, 3% CPC was lower for control, 30 sec, and 4 h samples than was 0.5 or 1%. An experiment was conducted to determine the effect of spray pressure and two-spray combinations of CPC and water on hide microbial populations (Table 3). Two-spray combinations resulted in lower APC and EB counts as spray pressure increased. High ...
Nguyen T and Freedman J. Dermatologic Emergencies: Diagnosing and Managing Life-Threatening Rashes. Emergency Medicine Practice. September 2002 volume 4 no 9. ...
Intended Use:The BUTTON-5.0 is a fleck flow button that supports 5 gallons per minute.Features: Color: Black Supports up to 5 gallons per minute
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In this guest post, Dr. Monica Parise-deputy director for program and science-and Dr. Larry Slutsker-director of the Division of Parasitic Disease and Malaria-at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Center for Global Health-discuss the role of research in advancing efforts to detect, prevent, and eliminate parasitic diseases.
The white flecks are dead aphids (blackfly) and he black flecks are the live ones. Blast them off with the spray attachment on a hose. If you hang a bird feeder nearby, you may attract tits etc which will eat them for you.. Last edited: 28 May 2017 18:23:24. ...
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Dems renew call to track parasitic diseases among poor Americans - Staff: Rep. Hank Johnson, Jr., has reintroduced a bill that would .12/12/2017 19:34:05PM EST.
The home page for the Division of Parasitic Diseases has moved. Please see Please update your bookmarks or links. ...
Man hid crack in his crack | Plus FloriDUHs top wicked places to hide drugs By Barbara Hijek August 25, 2011 07:41 AMWhen cops ask if you are concealing drugs, its a good idea not to get cheeky
Unable to map to the local drive for RDS services. Are there any restrictions, if so how to fix them? Is it possible to hide the local drive? ...
Just because you cant see germs doesnt mean they arent there. Where are germs? Where do germs hide? Learn 10 surprising places germs are lurking with Lysol®.
Mitchell, G. B. B. (1988). "Non-parasitic skin diseases of sheep". In Practice. 10 (2): 69. doi:10.1136/inpract.10.2.69.. ... The Suffolk breed is also more resistant to elf fire, a disease brought on by eating, among others, the bog asphodel. Sunlight ... worsens the condition, but the black head and ears of the Suffolk limit sunlight down to the otherwise exposed skin. ...
Skin Diseases of Parasitic Origin. 1863. Skin Diseases: their Description, Pathology, Diagnosis and Treatment with a Copious ... He was also a senior physician at St John's Hospital for Skin Diseases. In 1863 he published Skin Diseases of Parasitic Origin ... Atlas of Skin Diseases. 1875. The Epitome of Skin Diseases. 1877. Asherson, Geoffrey L. (2004). "Fox, William Tilbury (1836- ... As a result of this trip he published Scheme for obtaining a better knowledge of endemic skin diseases in India, prepared with ...
James WD, Berger T, Elston D (2015). "Parasitic infestations, stings and bites: Gamasoidosis". Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: ... Paterson S (2009). "Dermanyssus gallinae". Manual of skin diseases of the dog and cat (2nd ed.). Chichester: John Wiley & Sons ... It has been implicated as a vector of several major pathogenic diseases. Despite its common names, it has a wide range of hosts ... The mites can also affect the health of the birds indirectly, as they may serve as vectors for diseases such as Salmonellosis, ...
Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 24 September 2013. Retrieved 4 March ... 2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. Saunders Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-7216-2921-6. "CDC - Lice - Body Lice ... Raoult D, Roux V (1999). "The body louse as a vector of reemerging human diseases". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 29 (4): 888- ... They must feed on blood and usually only move to the skin to feed. They exist worldwide and infest people of all races and can ...
... /ˈmeɪndʒ/ is a type of skin disease caused by parasitic mites. Because mites also infect plants, birds, and reptiles, the ... Parasitic mites that cause mange in mammals embed themselves in either skin or hair follicles in the animal, depending upon ... Thus, mange includes mite-associated skin disease in domestic animals (cats and dogs), in livestock (such as sheep scab), and ... Skin damage can occur from the dog's intense scratching and biting. Secondary skin infection is also common. Dogs with chronic ...
James WD, Berger T, Elston D (2015). "Parasitic infestations, stings and bites: Gamasoidosis". Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: ... Paterson S (2009). "Dermanyssus gallinae". Manual of skin diseases of the dog and cat (2nd izd.). Chichester: John Wiley & Sons ...
"Selective mass treatment with ivermectin to control intestinal helminthiases and parasitic skin diseases in a severely affected ... James, William D.; Elston, Dirk; Berger, Timothy; Neuhaus, Isaac (2015). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. ... Lebwohl, Mark G.; Heymann, Warren R.; Berth-Jones, John; Coulson, Ian (2017). Treatment of Skin Disease: Comprehensive ... Common side effects include red eyes, dry skin, and burning skin.[1] It is unclear if it is safe for use during pregnancy, but ...
2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: clinical Dermatology. Saunders Elsevier. ISBN 978-0-7216-2921-6. "eMedicine - Filariasis ... WebMD, Dermatology, Parasitic Infections): Article by Aileen M Marty MD". Retrieved 2009-10-22. v t e. ... Onchocerciasis causes different kinds of skin changes and these changes vary in different geographic regions. This skin change ...
While in Egypt, Pheretima contracted a contagious parasitic skin disease, and died in late 515 BC. With her death Cyrenaean ...
Bithionol is an alternative drug for treatment of this disease but is associated with skin rashes and urticaria. For additional ... Parasitic infections of the pleural space. Semin Respir Infect. 1988;3:362-382. Minh VD, Engle P, Greenwood JR, Prendergast TJ ... Emerging Infectious Diseases. July-September 1997;3(3):303-310. doi:10.3201/eid0303.970306. Center for Disease Control ... The skin of the worm (tegument) is thickly covered with scalelike spines. The oral and ventral suckers are similar in size, ...
This parasitic skin disease is highly contagious and it is primarily transferred by direct contact with an infested animal. N. ... Skin will become thickened and colour of crusting will change yellowish or grey as the parasitic disease progresses. Self- ... This skin disease also has zoonotic potential. Infestation is also called acariasis, which refers to a rash that is caused by ... Hnilica, Keith A.; Patterson, Adam P. (2017). "Parasitic Skin Disorders". Small Animal Dermatology. pp. 132-172. doi:10.1016/ ...
The World Health Organization issued a bulletin, published online 28 November 2008, entitled "Epidermal parasitic skin diseases ... Mites penetrate the skin and feed on skin cells that are broken down through an enzyme they secrete from their mouthparts, but ... shedding and subsequent skin repair). At this phase, the lesion is seen as brown or black. If the flea is left within the skin ... In its parasitic phase it has significant impact on its host, which include humans and certain other mammalian species. A ...
Non-parasitic skin diseases of sheep' In Pract., Vol. 10, Issue 2, 69-73, March 1, 1988 Arne Flåøyen, 'Studies on the aetiology ... The plant can cause photosensitisation, a serious skin condition of sheep called alveld, "elf fire", in Norway. It can be ...
Although muscadines are hearty grapes with tough skin that protects them from many plant diseases, these grapes nonetheless ... "Occurrence and distribution of plant-parasitic nematodes on muscadine grapes in Georgia and North Carolina". Plant Health ... They are also resistant to pests and diseases, including Pierce's disease, which can destroy other grape species. Muscadine is ... As muscadine grapes are notable for their highly pigmented, thick skins in which the content of polyphenols is known to be high ...
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2015 January 20). Parasites - Loiasis. Global Health - Division of Parasitic ... causing disease. The L. loa adult worm which travels under the skin can survive up to 10-15 years, causing inflammations known ... The disease caused by Loa loa is called loiasis and belongs to the so-called neglected diseases. L. loa is one of three ... In this area, the disease is considered endemic. A study conducted by the Research Foundation in Tropical Diseases and ...
Skin disease caused by sarcoptic mites is variably called scabies, or in some countries mange. (The adjectives 'mangy' and ' ... Other mites are parasitic, and those that infest livestock animals cause many diseases that are widespread, reduce production ... As a result of the movement of the mites into areas of fresh skin, large scabs accumulate on the raw skin left behind. The ... Parasitic mites are less commonly involved than ticks and parasitic insects in transmitting pathogenic microorganisms to ...
... s sometimes have problems with various skin diseases that may be caused by mites or other parasites. Polar bears ... Polar bears are especially susceptible to Trichinella, a parasitic roundworm they contract through cannibalism, although ... The hollow guard hairs of a polar bear coat were once thought to act as fiber-optic tubes to conduct light to its black skin, ... After killing the animal, its head and skin were removed and cleaned and brought into the home, and a feast was held in the ...
... intended for prevention and treatment of cattle skin disease (Trichophytia). Prof. A.Kh.Sarkisov, Mr. S.V. Petrovich and Mr. L. ... diseases of animals caused by parasitic fungus). Her supervisor A. Sarkisov [ru] directed her doctoral project to the study of ... immunity in cattle infected with the skin disease ringworm, of economic importance since it can spoil milk, meat, and leather ... As an example, through using LTF-130 trichophytosis in Norway has gone from an endemic notifiable disease affecting 1.7% new ...
... and did other original work in bacteriology and in parasitic diseases of the skin. In 1903 he was appointed Bacteriologist to ... He became lecturer on mycology and mycotic diseases at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and established a ... Castellani's paint (Carbol fuchsin solution) is still occasionally used to treat fungal skin infections. Manual of tropical ... medicine, 1910 (with Albert John Chalmers) Fungi and fungous diseases, 1928 Climate and acclimatisation, 1938 Manuale di ...
... allergies Allergic skin diseases Pemphigus Dermatitis herpetiformis IgG4-related disease Parasitic infections Addison's disease ... Behçet's disease, IgG4-related disease, inflammatory bowel diseases, sarcoidosis, bullous pemphigoid, and dermatitis ... A parasitic infection of nearly any bodily tissue can cause eosinophilia.[citation needed] Diseases that feature eosinophilia ... Nunes MC, Guimarães Júnior MH, Diamantino AC, Gelape CL, Ferrari TC (2017). "Cardiac manifestations of parasitic diseases". ...
... in particular a skin disease which afflicted sheep known as sheep scab - at the time treated very ineffectually by only ... As a veterinary surgeon he was frequently confronted by the horrendous condition of farm animals caused by various parasitic ...
Because the men's upper bodies are usually bare during this ritual, their skin comes into contact with the parasitic larvae ... Religion may reduce likelihood of certain diseases. Studies suggest that it guards against cardiovascular disease by reducing ... skin disease. "Constitution". Retrieved 4 January 2021. Gliatto, Matthew (29 December 2020). "Positive and ... mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity" and it has not been amended. However, but many ...
... skin diseases, parasitic MeSH C17.800.838.775.424 - larva migrans MeSH C17.800.838.775.560 - leishmaniasis MeSH C17.800.838.775 ... skin diseases, viral MeSH C17.800.838.790.260 - erythema infectiosum MeSH C17.800.838.790.290 - exanthema subitum MeSH C17.800. ... skin diseases, bacterial MeSH C17.800.838.765.110 - actinomycosis, cervicofacial MeSH C17.800.838.765.150 - angiomatosis, ... Fox-Fordyce disease MeSH C17.800.946.743 - sweat gland neoplasms The list continues at List of MeSH codes (C18).. ...
... subcutaneous parasitic infections and other skin afflictions, venereal diseases, diarrhoea, dysentery, and as antiemetics, ...
... fungal and viral skin diseases. One of the most common contagious parasitic skin diseases is Sarcoptic mange (scabies). Another ... Dog Health Guide, Disease and Conditions Canine Skin 2011 *^ a b c "Autoimmune Skin Disease in Dogs". vca_corporate. Retrieved ... Hereditary and developmental skin diseases[edit]. Some diseases are inherent abnormalities of skin structure or function. These ... Autoimmune skin diseases[edit]. Pemphigus foliaceus is the most common autoimmune disease of the dog.[2] Blisters in the ...
An important infectious skin disease of cats is ringworm, or dermatophytosis. Other cat skin infections include parasitic ... Some systemic diseases can become symptomatic as a skin disorder. In cats, this includes one of the most devastating cat skin ... Cat skin disorders may be grouped into categories according to the causes. Skin disease may result from deficiencies in immune ... Some diseases are inherent abnormalities of skin structure or function. These include skin fragility syndrome (Ehlers-Danlos), ...
Chilodenella is a single-celled, parasitic protozoa that infects the skin of Murray cod and has caused a number of serious ... Murray cod have soft skin and very fine scales that leave them vulnerable to infection from exotic disease organisms. The ... a parasitic copepod vectored by introduced carp and that burrows into the skin of Murray cod. Lernaea puncture wounds are often ... Diseases of Australian native freshwater fishes with particular emphasis on the ectoparasitic and fungal diseases of Murray cod ...
2006). "Scabies: a ubiquitous neglected skin disease". The Lancet Infectious Diseases. 6: 769-779. doi:10.1016/s1473-3099(06) ... Parasitic nutrition is a mode of heterotrophic nutrition where a parasitic organism lives on the body surface or inside the ... Plant Defense: Warding Off Attack by Pathogens, Herbivores and Parasitic Plants (First ed.). John Wiley and Son. 2010.. ... "PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 5: 1-8. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001011. PMC 3071363.. ...
... , also known as acne vulgaris, is a long-term skin disease that occurs when dead skin cells and oil from the skin clog hair ... and inadequate sloughing of dead skin cells from acne pores. Infection with the parasitic mite Demodex is associated with the ... This article is about a skin disease common during adolescence. For other acneiform skin diseases, see Acne (disambiguation). ... Acne vulgaris is a chronic skin disease of the pilosebaceous unit and develops due to blockages in the skin's hair follicles. ...
2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier. p. 308. ISBN 0-7216-2921-0. OCLC ... parasitic state) is not completely understood. Several Candida species are polymorphogenic, that is, capable of growing in ... It is often described as being "a disease of the diseased", occurring in the very young, the very old, or the very sick. ... This refers to a group of rare syndromes characterized by chronic candidal lesions on the skin, in the mouth and on other ...
SP concentrations cannot yet be used to diagnose disease clinically or gauge disease severity. It is not yet known whether ... Entamoeba histolytica is a unicellular parasitic protozoan that infects the lower gastrointestinal tract of humans. The ... In contrast to other neuropeptides studied in human skin, substance P-induced vasodilatation has been found to decline during ... Microbial Toxins and Diarrhoeal Disease. Ciba Found. Symp. 112. pp. 139-54. doi:10.1002/9780470720936.ch8. PMID 2861068.. ...
To do this they use specialised skin cells which change the appearance of the skin by adjusting its colour, opacity, or ... Coccidians in the genus Aggregata living in the gut cause severe disease to the host. Octopuses have an innate immune system, ... It was described in 1829 by the French zoologist Georges Cuvier, who supposed it to be a parasitic worm, naming it as a new ... skin anatomy is limited to relatively uniform shades of one colour with limited skin texture. Octopuses that are diurnal and ...
5.5 Diseases *5.5.1 Fungal diseases. *5.5.2 Nematodes, parasitic. *5.5.3 Viral diseases ... Masoor (brown-skinned lentils which are orange inside). *Petite crimson/red (decorticated masoor lentils) ... Diseases[edit]. Below is a list of the most common lentil diseases. ... The wild species possess many diverse traits including disease resistances and abiotic stress tolerances. The above-mentioned L ...
This disease causes mental retardation and reduced hair and skin pigmentation, and can be caused by any of a large number of ... These parasitic fungi each adapts to a host, and are only able to mate within a shared host after obtaining resources.[17] ... "Complications and Treatments , Sickle Cell Disease". CDC. Retrieved 2016-11-11.. *^ a b c d "Marfan Syndrome". National ... failure to convert normal levels of phenylalanine to tyrosine can lead to fair hair and skin.[2] The frequency of this disease ...
... due to the often bluish color of the skin and lips from low oxygen levels and their swollen ankles.[194][195] This terminology ... Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Other names. Chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), chronic obstructive airway disease ... Most cases of COPD are a mixture of both diseases.. *^ "Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)". WHO. Retrieved 5 June ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.. *Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease at Curlie ...
Certain infectious and parasitic diseases II C00-D48 Neoplasms III D50-D89 Diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs and ... Diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue XIII M00-M99 Diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue ... F02) Dementia in other diseases classified elsewhere *(F02.0) Dementia in Pick's disease ... F62) Enduring personality changes, not attributable to brain damage and disease. *(F63) Habit and impulse disorders *(F63.0) ...
In the skin disorder ichthyosis with confetti, normal skin spots appear early in life and increase in number and size over time ... What does such genetic chimerism mean for health and disease?". The Scientist. Archived from the original on 25 April 2017. ... Parasitic twin. *Vanishing twin. *X0/XY mosaic. References[edit]. *^ Zimmer, Carl (21 May 2018). "Every Cell in Your Body Has ... This can cause only some offspring to be affected, even for a dominant disease. ...
Open air defecation leads to the spread of disease and malnutrition through parasitic and bacterial infections. Several million ... intestinal worms and eye and skin infections caused by poor hygiene and unsafe drinking water. Access to protected sources of ... Diarrheal diseases are the primary causes of early childhood mortality. These diseases can be attributed to poor sanitation and ... Diseases such as dengue fever, hepatitis, tuberculosis, malaria and pneumonia continue to plague India due to increased ...
Dermatophytes are the parasitic fungi that cause skin infections such as athlete's foot and tinea cruris. Most dermataphyte ... other immune disease, heart defects, cystic fibrosis, depression, seizure disorders, Sickle Cell disease, kidney failure, and ... Miller, JD; Rand, TG; Jarvis, BB (August 2003). "Stachybotrys chartarum: cause of human disease or media darling?". Medical ... When ingested, inhaled, or absorbed through skin, mycotoxins may cause or contribute to a range of effects from reduced ...
... the eczematous itchy skin disease flea allergy dermatitis is common in many host species, including dogs and cats.[26] The ... Parasitic Insects, Mites and Ticks: Genera of Medical and Veterinary Importance. Retrieved from " ... Hays, J. N. (1998). The Burdens of Disease: Epidemics and Human Response in Western History. Rutgers University Press. pp. 58 ... Stein, Ernst (2003). Anorectal and colon diseases: textbook and color atlas of proctology. Springer. p. 478. ISBN 978-3-540- ...
Certain parasitic liver diseases may be risk factors as well. Colonization with the liver flukes Opisthorchis viverrini (found ... yellowish skin, weight loss, generalized itching, and fever.[1] Light colored stool or dark urine may also occur.[4] Other ... Treatment of advanced diseaseEdit. The majority of cases of cholangiocarcinoma present as inoperable (unresectable) disease[77] ... "Infectious Diseases of Poverty. 7 (1): 44. doi:10.1186/s40249-018-0434-3. PMC 5956617. PMID 29769113.. ...
"Advances in allergic skin disease, anaphylaxis, and hypersensitivity reactions to foods, drugs, and insects". The Journal of ... Macpherson CN, Gottstein B, Geerts S (April 2000). "Parasitic food-borne and water-borne zoonoses". Revue Scientifique et ... "AAAAI - skin condition, itchy skin, bumps, red irritated skin, allergic reaction, treating skin condition". Archived from the ... 1997)։ «Epidemiology of atopy and atopic disease»։ Allergy and allergic diseases 2։ London: Blackwell Science։ էջեր 1208-24 , ...
A broad class of drugs known as antiparasitics are used to treat parasitic diseases. ... such as gastrointestinal disease and skin infections. In order to make an educated estimate as to which microbe could be ... Viral disease. Notes and references[edit]. *^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-08-03. Retrieved ... For example, some diseases such as measles employ a strategy whereby it must spread to a series of hosts. In these forms of ...
Mouth diseases include tongue diseases and salivary gland diseases. A common gum disease in the mouth is gingivitis which is ... The liver is the second largest organ (after the skin) and is an accessory digestive gland which plays a role in the body's ... Giardiasis is the most common pathogenic parasitic infection in humans.[49] There are diagnostic tools mostly involving the ... It can also arise as a result of other gastrointestinal diseases such as coeliac disease. Coeliac disease is an autoimmune ...
Diseases, pests, and disorders. For a more comprehensive list, see List of tomato diseases. ... The devastating tomato hornworm has a major predator in various parasitic wasps, whose larvae devour the hornworm, but whose ... Variations include multicolored fruit with stripes (Green Zebra), fuzzy skin on the fruit (Fuzzy Peach, Red Boar), multiple ... Tomato cultivars vary widely in their resistance to disease. Modern hybrids focus on improving disease resistance over the ...
The board is then placed on the skin, to puncture the skin and for the allergens to enter the body. If a hive appears, the ... Celiac disease. While it is caused by a permanent intolerance to gluten (present in wheat, rye, barley and oats), is not an ... Sensitization can occur through the gastrointestinal tract, respiratory tract and possibly the skin.[30] Damage to the skin in ... the top layer of skin. This puts a small amount of the allergen under the skin. A hive will form at any spot where the person ...
Role in disease[edit]. Atopic individuals can have up to ten times the normal level of IgE in their blood (as do sufferers of ... Winter WE, Hardt NS, Fuhrman S (2000). "Immunoglobulin E: importance in parasitic infections and hypersensitivity responses". ... a person's medical history and finding a positive result for the presence of allergen specific IgE when conducting a skin or ... Chang TW, Wu PC, Hsu CL, Hung AF (2007). Anti-IgE antibodies for the treatment of IgE-mediated allergic diseases. Adv. Immunol ...
2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: clinical Dermatology. Saunders Elsevier. p. 446. ISBN 978-0-7216-2921-6.. .mw-parser- ... Although strictly parasitic, they spend only a tiny fraction of their lifecycles physically attached to hosts. Once a bed bug ... Bacterial skin infection may occur due to skin break down from scratching.[5][11] Systemic poisoning may occur if the bites are ... Skin[edit]. Individual responses to bites vary, ranging from no visible effect (in about 20-70%),[5][3] to small macular spots ...
Not many parasitic diseases were identified in ancient Greek and Roman texts mainly because the symptoms for parasitic diseases ... The most documented by far was Guinea worm disease mainly because the grown female worm emerges from the skin which causes ... The major parasitic disease which has been documented in early records is dracunculiasis. This disease is caused by the Guinea ... "History of human parasitic diseases." Infectious Disease Clinics of North America June 2004 Kuchenmeister, F. Animal and ...
Feathers are epidermal growths attached to the skin and arise only in specific tracts of skin called pterylae. The distribution ... Wurster, D.; Wurster, C.; Strickland, W. (July 1965). "Bird Mortality Following DDT Spray for Dutch Elm Disease". Ecology. 46 ( ... Spottiswoode, C. N.; Colebrook-Robjent, J. F.R. (2007). "Egg puncturing by the brood parasitic Greater Honeyguide and potential ... The skin there is well supplied with blood vessels and helps the bird in incubation.[109] ...
"Ocular manifestations of infectious skin diseases". Clinics in Dermatology. 34 (2): 124-8. doi:10.1016/j.clindermatol.2015.11. ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, (CDC) (10 August 2012). "Update to CDC's Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment ... Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). male. Epididymitis. Prostatitis. either. Proctitis. Urethritis/Non-gonococcal urethritis ( ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). *^ CDC (14 July 2014). "Gonorrhea - CDC Fact Sheet". Archived from the ...
Skin parasites NOS. *(B89.) Unspecified parasitic disease *(B89.0) Other acariasis ... B20.7) HIV disease resulting in multiple infections. *(B20.8) HIV disease resulting in other infectious and parasitic diseases ... B20.) Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) disease Resulting in infectious and parasitic diseases *(B20.0) HIV disease resulting ... Sequelae of other specified infectious and parasitic diseases. *(B94.9) Sequelae of unspecified infectious or parasitic disease ...
Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases. 57: 184-186.. *^ a b c "MEMORANDUM FOR 18 MDG/SGPM" (PDF). "Land snail infection rates ... The presence of parasitic worms burrowed in the neural tissue of the human central nervous system (CNS) causes obvious ... Paresthesias - tingling, prickling, or numbing of skin, may last for several weeks or months[9] ... "PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases. 3 (9): e520. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000520. PMC 2739427. PMID 19771154.. ...
Diseases[edit]. This species was reported to be susceptible to avian botulism in a list of dead animals found around a man-made ... they looked at plumage again but used much more skins, but unlike him concluded that the differences were such to merit ... "General Review of Nematodes Parasitic in the Eyes of Birds". Bulletin. Washington D.C.: U.S. Department of Agriculture - ...
Understanding Autoimmune Diseases - US National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases ... "Parasitic worms and inflammatory diseases". Parasite Immunol. 28 (10): 515-23. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3024.2006.00879.x. PMC ... Although this route to autoimmune disease may underlie various degenerative disease states, no diagnostics for this disease ... Any disease that results from such an aberrant immune response is termed an "autoimmune disease". Prominent examples include ...
Sicherer SH, Leung DY (2007). "Advances in allergic skin disease, anaphylaxis, and hypersensitivity reactions to foods, drugs, ... Macpherson CN, Gottstein B, Geerts S (2000). "Parasitic food-borne and water-borne zoonoses". Rev. - Off. Int. Epizoot. 19 (1 ... "AAAAI - skin condition, itchy skin, bumps, red irritated skin, allergic reaction, treating skin condition". Retrieved 2007-12- ... ಜಾರ್ವಿಸ್ ಡಿ, ಬುರನಿ ಪಿ (೧೯೯೭) ಎಪಿಡೊಮಾಲಾಜಿ ಆಫ್ ಆಟೊಪಿ and atopic disease In: Kay AB (ed) Allergy and allergic diseases, vol ೨. ...
It is estimated by the Center for Disease Control (CDC) that each year there are 76 million illnesses, 325,000 hospitalizations ... allergic skin reactions, and toxicity to aquatic life.[7][8] ... Parasitic infections through food. *Amoebiasis. *Anisakiasis. * ...
Diseases Cardiovascular Lymphatic Systems *Protozoal and Parasitic Diseases. *Bacterial Diseases of the Cardiovascular and ... Dracunculiasis is a skin disease caused by the round‐worm Dracunculus medinensis. In this disease, the roundworms live in skin ... Diseases of the Respiratory System *Fungal and Protozoal Diseases of the Respiratory System ... Diseases of the Reproductive System *Fungal and Protozoal Diseases of the Reproductive System ...
"Skin Diseases, Parasitic" by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year, and whether "Skin Diseases, Parasitic" was a major or ... "Skin Diseases, Parasitic" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... Skin Diseases, Parasitic*Skin Diseases, Parasitic. *Parasitic Skin Diseases. *Disease, Parasitic Skin ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Skin Diseases, Parasitic" by people in Profiles. ...
Browse by Outcome: Skin Diseases, Parasitic (2 articles). % of records by year: 1965 2017 ... Morphological organ alterations and infectious diseases in brown trout Salmo trutta and rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss ...
... by Genevieve Rajewski, Tufts University ... Citation: A skin disease spreading in wild giraffes may be a parasitic attack (2019, July 12) retrieved 30 March 2020 from ... A skin disease spreading in wild giraffes may be a parasitic attack. ... This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair ...
... a heterogeneous category of infectious diseases in which parasite-host interactions are confined to the upper layer of the skin ... Epidermal parasitic skin diseases (EPSD) are a heterogeneous category of infectious diseases in which parasite-host ... Epidermal parasitic skin diseases: a neglected category of poverty-associated plagues; 2009 (sólo en inglés) ... Epidermal parasitic skin diseases: a neglected category of poverty-associated plagues; 2009 (sólo en inglés) ...
Balin on medicine for parasitic skin diseases: Have you discussed options with your doctor. There are topical treatments, ... Skin disease: Many skin diseases such as psoriasis, eczema, acne, moles, melanoma , etc. Have a strong hereditary component. ... Skin Diseases (Definition) Skin diseases = disorder affecting the outermost layer of tissue cover the body. ...Read more ... How to avoid skin diseases ? Please let me know how to avoid . What are the nutrients to be used to prevent skin diseases. ...
Fowler on parasitic skin diseases in children: Consider Argyria, Erythropoietic protoporphyria, Harlequin ichthyosis & Blau ... There are very nice photos that came off of this CBS article: ... Skin disease: Many skin diseases such as psoriasis, eczema, acne, moles, melanoma , etc. Have a strong hereditary component. ... Skin Diseases (Definition) Skin diseases = disorder affecting the outermost layer of tissue cover the body. ...Read more ...
Parasitic Skin Diseases: Canine Demodicosis flashcards from Scott Venhuizen ... 02-07) Parasitic Skin Diseases: Canine Demodicosis Flashcards Preview 004 - Skin , (02-07) Parasitic Skin Diseases: Canine ... Decks in 004 - Skin Class (26): * 01 Structure And Function Of The Skin ... Look for systemic diseases such as neoplasm, Cushings, hypothyroidism and immunosuppression in dogs that develop demodicosis ...
Parasitic skin diseases. Lice and mites are the most common external parasites of guinea pigs. Lice are tiny, wingless, ... Both scratch the skin surface and feed off of body fluids that exude through the very superficial wounds they create. ... If mites are suspected, your vet will take a number of skin scrapings which they will examine under a microscope in the lab to ... Mites are microscopic, spider-like organisms that live within the outer layers of the skin. They usually cause intense ...
Modern pharmacotherapy of parasitic skin diseases. Other Titles: Сучасна фармакотерапія паразитарних захворювань шкіри. ... Braha, T. O. Modern pharmacotherapy of parasitic skin diseases / T. O. Braha, О. О. Riabova // Topical issues of new medicines ... parasitic skin diseases;паразитарные болезни кожи;паразитарні хвороби шкіри;modern pharmacotherapy;современная фармакотерапия; ...
epidermal parasitic skin disease answers are found in the Tabers Medical Dictionary powered by Unbound Medicine. Available for ... disease. Epidermal parasitic skin disease. In: Venes D, ed. Tabers Medical Dictionary. 23rd ed. F.A. Davis Company; 2017. ... disease. Epidermal Parasitic Skin Disease [Internet]. In: Venes D, editors. Tabers Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company; ... disease. Accessed May 24, 2019.. Epidermal parasitic skin disease. (2017). In Venes, D. (Ed.), Tabers Medical Dictionary. ...
Gill and Skin flukes are two of the family of monogenetic trematode genera, all of which are characterised by the large ... Gill and Skin flukes are two of the family of monogenetic trematode genera, all of which are characterised by the large ...
Veterinary Dermatologist warns of risk of equine parasitic skin disease. 21 July 2020. 0 ...
Skin Infections. * Provided grants to support field research on tropical bacterial, fungal and parasitic diseases, including ...
External Parasites And Parasitic Skin Diseases. Fleas. During the warm weather more particularly, fleas are a source of great ... Their Points And Management In Health, And Disease", by Frank Townend Barton. Also available from Amazon: Sporting Dogs; Their ... consequently the severe irritation they produce upon the skin causes the animal to lose condition, whilst the scratching and ... Points and Management in Health and Disease.. Chapter XIX. ...
Allergic Skin Diseases. * Flea allergy is the most common allergic skin disease in the United States. Dogs with flea allergy ... Skin Discharge or Odor in Dogs Share Overview of Skin Discharge and Odor in Dogs Skin odor is a common manife... Dr. Rosanna ... Many skin diseases can cause or can contribute to pruritus. Every dog has a threshold of pruritus. When the nerves of the skin ... Pruritus is associated with other skin diseases, including secondary bacterial skin infections (pyoderma) and secondary yeast ...
Parasitic diseases of the skin treatment in Thailand, ➤ 2 clinics, Addresses, $ Prices for treatments and diagnostics, ☺ 10 ... Parasitic diseases of the skin treatment. Parasitic diseases of the skin treatment in Thailand. ➠ Parasitic diseases of the ... Parasitic diseases of the skin are a group of diseases provoked by the invasion of parasitic organisms (ticks, lice, worms, ... Autoimmune diseases of the skin Pigmentation disorders Genetic diseases of the skin Mycoses Viral infection of the skin ...
... but a leading veterinary dermatologist believes some parasitic diseases are becoming more frequent, in line with a reduction in ... Skin disease is a common problem for horses, ... Skin disease is a common problem for horses, but a leading ... Veterinary Dermatologist warns of risk of equine parasitic skin disease. By VetClick / Veterinary News ⋅ July 21, 2020 ⋅ Post a ... Gastroenterology Genetics Heart Disease HIV / AIDS Immune System / Vaccines Infectious Diseases / Bacteria / Viruses Lymphoma ...
Cat Scratch Fever: Allergic & Parasitic Skin Diseases. If your cat spends a large portion of his time scratching, then it may ... Skin Discharge or Odor in Cats. Skin odor is a common manifestation of a skin infection. In cats, the most common skin ... Skin Lesion or Sore in Cats. There are many different types of skin lesions that can occur in the skin of cats. Some lesions ... Parasitic skin conditions can result from exposure to fleas, lice, and ear mites, among other sources. While many of these ...
... a skin disease common in tropical regions of the world and gaining ground in the United States. In a series of animal studies, ... As the warmth moves up toward the United States, the disease will move up, he said. The standard treatment of more severe ... A much more severe form of the disease, visceral leishmaniasis, affects organs and is fatal if left untreated. The team has ... Live vaccines like that are the best vaccines, but theres a potential risk of causing serious disease in some people, ...
Epidermal parasitic skin diseases: a neglected category of poverty-associated plagues  Feldmeier, Hermann; Heukelbach, Jorg (‎ ... Selective mass treatment with ivermectin to control intestinal helminthiases and parasitic skin diseases in a severely affected ... Selective mass treatment with ivermectin to control intestinal helminthiases and parasitic skin diseases in a severely affected ...
A skin disease spreading in wild giraffes may be a parasitic attack ... giraffe skin disease likely is made up of multiple diseases that have been lumped together under one name. "Its still too soon ... animal skin (1) animal skins (1) animal slaughter (2) animal smugglers (6) animal smuggling (26) animal social behaviour (5) ... avian disease (1) avian flu (3) avian flu virus (1) avian influenza (1) avian influenza. (1) avian malaria (3) avian pox (1) ...
Fungal skin infections; Bacterial skin infections; Parasitic skin infections; Pressure and friction injuries to the skin; ... Dermatologic manifestations of systemic diseases; Viral skin infections; ... Sunburn, thermal, and chemical injuries to the skin; Acne; Alopecia; Nail deformities and injuries; and Skin cancer. ...
... diseases_parasitic> # Skin Diseases, Parasitic. a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Skin Diseases, Parasitic" ;. .. ... diseases_parasitic> ; # Skin Diseases, Parasitic. schema:bookEdition "2. éd., rev., corr. et augm." ;. schema:bookFormat bgn: ... schema:about skin_ ... ...
Nigeria; cross-sectional study; epidemiology; parasitic skin disease; scabies. PMID:. 30274455. PMCID:. PMC6073861. DOI:. ... Excoriations (68.6%), vesicles (61.8%), and papules (58.8%) were common skin lesions. Itching was the most common symptom (77.5 ...
The nickname given to the insects that spread Chagas disease is somewhat bittersweet: kissing bugs. Their name stems from the ... North Korean defector had parasitic worms doctor had only seen in medical textbooks. ... Skin, fungal disease a bigger problem for frequent salon visitors. * Medical Watch ... Though the disease is generally considered to be mild or even asymptomatic among most, a new study has found that deaths fueled ...
The list is subdivided as follows: chemical agents; physical agents; infectious or parasitic diseases; skin diseases; disorders ... The skin eruption (red stripes with phlyctenae on the exposed parts of the body) developed 3 days after the contact with the ... The skin pigmentation and depigmentation persisted for almost 5 months.. Pracovn l kařstv , Apr. 1973, Vol.25, No.4, p.159-160 ... Forgiftning med nitr se gasser ved ensilering - Silo-fillers disease [in Danish]. Following a brief review of the literature ...
Skin diseases. Viral diseases (other than aids). Livestock rearing. Animal hazards. Bacterial and parasitic diseases. ...
5. Fungal Skin Disease.. 6. Viral, Rickettsial and Protozoal Diseases.. 7. Parasitic Skin Disease. ... This book is a combined update of two of Sue Patersons books, Skin Diseases of the Dog and Skin Diseases of the Cat, into one ... Manual of Skin Diseases of the Dog and Cat, Second Edition provides a valuable asset to the practice library for quick and easy ... "Manual of Skin Diseases of the Dog and Cat is a concise, well-written reference text on small animal dermatology. The book is a ...
Skin Infections: Android app (4.5 ★, 50,000+ downloads) → This application is mainly done for medical purpose in order to ... Parasitic infection. --Pediatrics Skin diseases and many others.. --Zooming in/Out of the pictures are enable in this released ... Parasitic infection. --Pediatrics Skin diseases and many others.. --Zooming in/Out of the pictures are enable in this released ... Parasitic Infections. Fungal Infection. Pediatric skin disorders.. It also described a short and well descripted other ...
  • Provided grants to support field research on tropical bacterial, fungal and parasitic diseases, including endemic impetigo in Puerto Rico, "immersion foot syndrome," in Vietnam and endemic scabies in the San Blas Islands off the coast of Panama. (
  • The purpose of this study is to estimate the number of cases of rheumatic heart disease, pyoderma, and scabies in school age children in Fiji. (
  • In addition the study will describe the features of rheumatic heart disease, pyoderma, and scabies in these children. (
  • Scabies - a contagious skin infection caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei. (
  • Dr. Scabies® treatment will effectively fight against parasites that burrow in your skin rapidly, safely and effectively. (
  • Dr. Scabies® homeopathic scabies soap cleanses and protects your skin to prevent future infections. (
  • how to get to hotel icon 11/12/2015 · 2:59 Scabies Home Remedy: If you can afford it, a monthly facial is a great way to take care of your skin. (
  • Scabies is a highly contagious skin disease caused by a parasitic mite called Sarcoptes scabiei. (
  • The three parasitic infections that can be sexually transmitted are pubic lice , scabies and trichomoniasis . (
  • Scabies is a skin condition in which a parasite (also called a mite) burrows under a person's skin causing irritation. (
  • Parasitic infestations, stings, and bites. (
  • Flea infestations are a top cause of skin disease in cats. (
  • in Israel and subtropical humid regions, they appear the number one cause of skin parasitic infestations in rabbits. (
  • Skin problems caused by these parasites are rare in African wildlife, but have been observed in hippos, rhinos, and spiral-horned antelope called elands. (
  • External Parasites And Parasitic Skin Diseases. (
  • But it is the main symptom of skin conditions like allergies and skin parasites. (
  • Numerous studies in mice, including immune-deficient animals, showed the mutant parasites did not cause skin lesions, but natural parasites did. (
  • Skin diseases caused by parasites are one of the worst things that can occur to anyone. (
  • The Eudowood Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases at Johns Hopkins treats all aspects of infectious diseases and studies the pathogens, prevention, transmission and therapy of many of diseases, including bacteria, mycobacteria, parasites and viruses. (
  • In this condition, patients have an "encapsulated" fixed, false belief that they are infested with parasites or have foreign objects extruding from their skin. (
  • The fact that as a rule there are no large herds of swine in Puerto Rico, and hence no occasion for crowding, tends to restrict the spread and prevalence of infectious diseases and many parasites. (
  • Some of the external parasites extract blood from the host and all of them irritate the skin. (
  • Parasites on the skin are usually small insects or worms that burrow into the skin to live there or lay their eggs. (
  • A parasitic infection is a disease that is transmitted by parasites. (
  • Lastly, ectoparasites are parasites that live on the exterior of another organism, usually human skin. (
  • 9 Both diseases are spread through parasites, and an infected person may present as asymptomatic (shows no symptoms). (
  • this leads to intense itching and hair loss, leaving the host more vulnerable to parasites and skin disease. (
  • See the "Parasites" page for more information about ticks and avoiding Lyme disease. (
  • These parasites spread rapidly from one rabbit to another, through nymphs and larvae that live on the surface of the skin. (
  • The application areas include parasites such as skin parasites, white-spot disease, velvet, Crytobia, or also bacterial diseases that accompany these infections. (
  • Parasites, and particularly the flea, are responsible for the majority of irritating skin conditions. (
  • Alternatively, your vet may want to examine the dog's skin with an ultraviolet light to check for ringworm, take a smear or culture for bacteria or yeast, a scrape for parasites, or a biopsy for cellular changes. (
  • Treatment for bacterial skin disorders is typically done using antibiotics. (
  • Pediatric skin disorders. (
  • Skin disorders are among the most common health problems in dogs , and have many causes. (
  • Skin disorders of dogs vary from acute, self-limiting problems to chronic or long-lasting problems requiring life-time treatment. (
  • Skin disorders may be primary or secondary (due to scratching, itch) in nature, making diagnosis complicated. (
  • Blood disorders such as leukemia, and lymphatic conditions such as Hodgkin's disease may sometimes cause itching as well. (
  • Visualizing live bacteria where they exist in the body, says infectious disease specialist Sanjay Jain, will improve diagnosis of tuberculosis and other infectious disorders. (
  • Cats are vulnerable to a number of skin disorders, but for your cat's wellbeing you need to keep their skin healthy. (
  • The most serious diseases affecting swine in Puerto Rico seem to be hog cholera, intestinal disorders (enteritis), and parasitic infesta- tions. (
  • The Section of Dermatology and Allergy at Penn Vet evaluates pet animals for all types of skin, ear canal, hair and nail (claw) disorders. (
  • ABSTRACT Children with disabilities may be particularly susceptible to skin disorders, therefore the aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of skin disease among such children in Mansoura, Egypt. (
  • Disorders affecting the different body regions and systems make up the majority of the book from the external-skin, feathers, eyes, legs and feet-to the internal including the gastrointestinal tract and the cardiovascular system. (
  • A veterinary dermatologist is a veterinarian who has undergone specialized training in the area of skin disorders and is board certified by the American College of Veterinary Dermatology. (
  • The dermatologist works with and is supported by other services such as pathology, internal medicine, oncology and surgery to help diagnose and treat skin disorders. (
  • This course provides up to date teaching on the diagnosis and management of skin disorders affecting individuals living in or travelling to tropical settings. (
  • This course is designed for physicians, nurses and other health care professionals who are involved in the management of skin disorders. (
  • Skin and blood tests, and diet and environment changes may also be used to diagnose allergic skin disorders. (
  • Mange (demodicosis) is an inflammatory disease in dogs that can lead to skin lesions, genetic disorders and hair loss. (
  • Epidermal parasitic skin diseases (EPSD) are a heterogeneous category of infectious diseases in which parasite-host interactions are confined to the upper layer of the skin. (
  • epidermal parasitic skin disease is a topic covered in the Taber's Medical Dictionary . (
  • Nursing Central , (
  • Mites are microscopic, spider-like organisms that live within the outer layers of the skin. (
  • If mites are suspected, your vet will take a number of skin scrapings which they will examine under a microscope in the lab to confirm the diagnosis. (
  • Parasitic skin conditions can result from exposure to fleas, lice, and ear mites, among other sources. (
  • The mites can also affect the health of the birds indirectly, as they may serve as vectors for diseases such as Salmonellosis, avian spirochaetosis and Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae. (
  • Secondly, it smoother the mites and stops them from acting on the skin. (
  • Sarcoptic mange is a highly contagious and potentially fatal skin disease caused by parasitic mites. (
  • Detection methods include the tape method, skin scraping (shallow if fur mites are suspected, deep if burrowing mites are suspected), or the vacuum aspiration method on a filter paper. (
  • If the presence of burrowing mites is suspected, but none found after a deep skin scraping, a biopsy on the area suspected of mite infestation is advisable. (
  • Burrowing mites (live on/in the skin) can fall off and contaminate the environment. (
  • Parasitic diseases of the skin are a group of diseases provoked by the invasion of parasitic organisms (ticks, lice, worms, larvae etc D.) in the dermis. (
  • Ticks - Ticks are cosmopolitan ectoparasites capable of transmitting severe viral, rickettsial, bacterial and parasitic diseases. (
  • Prevalence of Rickettsiales in ticks removed from the skin of outdoor workers in North Carolina. (
  • As part of a double blind randomized-controlled field trial of the effectiveness of permethrin-treated clothing in preventing tick bites, we identified tick species removed from the skin of outdoor workers in North Carolina and tested the ticks for Rickettsiales pathogens. (
  • Lyme disease is a progressively debilitating bacterial disease carried by ticks, primarily deer ticks. (
  • Lyme disease in dogs is a dangerous tick-borne illness that is transmitted through deer ticks. (
  • Both diseases are accompanied by fluid‐filled lesions occurring on the body surface. (
  • In this disease, the roundworms live in skin lesions and emerge through the lesions. (
  • In tropical countries, dracunculiasis is widespread, and relief from the disease consists of removing the roundworms through openings made in the lesions. (
  • However, severe pruritus leads to intense scratching, which may result in painful skin lesions that may become infected. (
  • If this continues beyond one day and leads to lesions such as hair loss, reddening of the skin and obvious pain or discomfort, have your dog evaluated by your veterinarian. (
  • Some lesions are a manifestation of a dermatological disease while others are a manifestation of an internal disease. (
  • A thorough physical exam and various diagnostic tests can help determine the cause of skin lesions or sores and direct a course of treatment. (
  • Ten weeks later, most non-immunized mice developed large skin lesions, but only one vaccinated mouse developed a visible lesion. (
  • Excoriations (68.6%), vesicles (61.8%), and papules (58.8%) were common skin lesions. (
  • lepromatous nodular form where a granulomatous response causes enlarged, disfiguring skin lesions called lepromas . (
  • A systemic, serious, and life-threatening disorder characterized by erythematous and necrotic lesions in the skin and mucous membranes that are associated with bullous detachment of the epidermis. (
  • She has mange, a parasitic skin disease that causes crusting and skin lesions, the researchers determined. (
  • Gill lesions caused by KHV disease are the most common clinical signs in affected koi. (
  • However, in some cases, these diseases may cause serious cardiac or intestinal problems. (
  • A much more severe form of the disease, visceral leishmaniasis, affects organs and is fatal if left untreated. (
  • However, when left untreated, these skin rashes can significantly compromise a patient's quality of life and, in severe cases, interrupt vital cancer therapy. (
  • A person suffering from this disease needs to see a doctor for treatment because the infection can persist for very long periods of time if left untreated. (
  • Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease that initially causes flu-like symptoms and, if left untreated, can progress to more serious outcomes such as kidney failures, seizures, and death. (
  • Whether life-threatening or merely bothersome, parasitic infections should not be left untreated. (
  • Owing to the rapid multiplication of fleas, dogs that are not regularly groomed or washed, soon become swarmed with these pests, consequently the severe irritation they produce upon the skin causes the animal to lose condition , whilst the scratching and biting destroys its coat. (
  • Fleas can spread disease and are so common in cats that it is really important to have a regular flea prevention routine for your cat. (
  • Some causes such as ringworm and of course fleas can affect the human family members too, so it's very important to get a skin problem checked out promptly and thoroughly. (
  • It's an intensely itchy, highly infectious parasitic skin disease. (
  • 8. Endocrine and Metabolic Skin Disease. (
  • Tungiasis causes skin inflammation, severe pain, itching, and a lesion at the site of infection that is characterized by a black dot at the center of a swollen red lesion. (
  • In general, itching is more severe if the skin is warm, and if there are few distractions. (
  • In economically and recent immigrants, as well as deployed military per- depressed urban neighborhoods characterized by a high sonnel, frequently suffered from severe disease, character- transmission potential, poor housing conditions, social neg- lect, and inadequate healthcare behavior, tungiasis may ized by deep ulcerations, tissue necrosis leading to denuda- develop into severe disease. (
  • Darwin's symptoms included severe digestive problems and a skin disease that made shaving so painful that he grew his distinctive beard. (
  • For many cancer patients, inflammatory skin reactions are a common side effect of cancer therapy that can range from mild to severe and include itchy and painful rashes. (
  • 6. Viral, Rickettsial and Protozoal Diseases. (
  • BACKGROUND: Tick-transmitted rickettsial diseases, such as ehrlichiosis and spotted fever rickettsiosis, are significant sources of morbidity and mortality in the southern United States. (
  • History is very important for proper diagnosis of skin diseases. (
  • Diagnosis is a challenge in many parts of Central and South America, where the disease is most prevalent, with people often finding out that they are infected only when they donate blood, explained Capuani. (
  • 1863. Skin Diseases: their Description, Pathology, Diagnosis and Treatment with a Copious Formulary. (
  • At the fourth Leishmaniasis World Congress in Lucknow, India, Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) said that there is a serious need to expand availability of effective treatments and diagnosis for visceral leishmaniasis (kala azar) in order to reduce the present burden of disease and resistance to treatments. (
  • In our project, most patients come to our facilities when the disease is already at an advanced stage because people are still not familiar with the signs and symptoms or do not know where they can find adequate diagnosis and medication," says Gareth Barrett, MSF Medical Coordinator in India. (
  • MSF welcomes the fact that India is hosting the World Congress and calls on India to show a strong commitment to fighting kala azar, by strengthening its health structures to improve access to effective treatment and diagnosis for marginalized communities who make up the majority of people who become infected by the disease. (
  • Although parasitic infections are common throughout the world, most clinicians are inexperienced in the diagnosis and treatment of these diseases. (
  • Laboratory investigations are a useful tool in the diagnosis and management of allergic diseases and can provide aids to diagnose and assess disease activity. (
  • Many dogs with house dust mite allergy have perennial disease. (
  • The tiny female mite searches for places where the skin is thickest - especially the palms and soles. (
  • Bottom left: First signs of a possible ear mite infestation include unusual amount of dark colored earwax (arrow) and small adherent skin scales deep in the ear canal and the earlobes, and a foul smell in the ear. (
  • Rescued rabbit with ears heavily infected by ear mite: a thick crust in the ear and alopecic crusted skin in the neck. (
  • Helminths are parasitic worms (e.g., the tapeworm) that can also cause infectious diseases in their hosts. (
  • Flea allergy is the most common allergic skin disease in the United States. (
  • Underlying causes include flea allergy dermatitis or other allergic skin diseases. (
  • Feline eosinophilic granuloma complex is a skin disorder that can develop into a number of forms - it is thought that most if not all, cases may relate to an underlying allergy. (
  • Faculty and residents in the Section of Dermatology & Allergy engage in a wide gamut of clinically based studies that focus on the identification, pathogenesis, and treatment of spontaneous dermatologic diseases (infectious, autoimmune, allergic, hereditary) of companion animals as well as comparative dermatology and implications to human health. (
  • Skin disease caused by bacteria (pyoderma) usually occurs when the surface of the skin is damaged - through allergy, for example - allowing bacteria to multiply. (
  • Therefore a negative result on RAST, in the presence of a strong history of an allergic response requires further investigation (e.g. skin testing +/- challenge under the supervision of an allergy specialist). (
  • Distemper is a highly-contagious viral disease that attacks a dog's nervous system. (
  • Clinicians increasingly are confronted with parasitic infections, such as malaria, schistosomiasis, and trypanosomiasis, because of the increase in international travel and the recent immigration of persons from Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, and Central and South America. (
  • Let your dermatologist know if skin conditions or skin cancer runs in your family. (
  • Skin disease is a common problem for horses, but a leading veterinary dermatologist believes some parasitic diseases are becoming more frequent, in line with a reduction in the use of wormers. (
  • This application is mainly done for medical purpose in order to provide an easy way to medical student, doctors, dermatologist, nurses and other health practitioners to understand Dermatology Atlas and Other Skin infection. (
  • If that is not enough, dermatologists are cautioning patients receiving cancer treatment and cancer survivors that they may experience a host of skin, hair or nail problems as a direct result of their therapy that may require additional treatment by a dermatologist. (
  • While they want to continue to see results with the treatment regimen from their dermatologist, they also want to be comfortable using products that address other skin issues, such as wrinkles or that protect their skin, such as sunscreens. (
  • Speaking today at the 69th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology (Academy), dermatologist Diane S. Berson, MD, FAAD, assistant clinical professor of dermatology at Weill Medical College of Cornell University in New York, NY, discussed how proper skin care and using some of the newly formulated cosmeceuticals can improve the skin of acne and rosacea patients, as well as helping them comply with their treatment regimen. (
  • Scientists are planning for Phase 1 human trials of a vaccine they developed by using CRISPR gene-editing technology to mutate the parasite that causes leishmaniasis, a skin disease common in tropical regions of the world and gaining ground in the United States. (
  • Our physicians have practiced in tropical countries and have unique expertise in diagnosing and treating emerging diseases including dengue fever, malaria, leishmaniasis and other insect-borne diseases. (
  • The schistosomes are not pathogenic of themselves, but they induce an allergic reaction that brings on the skin irritation and itching associated with the disease. (
  • A hot spot, or acute moist dermatitis , is an acutely inflamed and infected area of skin irritation created and made worse by a dog licking and biting at itself. (
  • Scrubbing the skin will actually worsen acne, as it can remove skin lipids and can increase irritation. (
  • By keeping the skin well hydrated, the skin's barrier function remains intact and, in turn, helps patients remain compliant with their treatment regimen without interruption due to skin irritation. (
  • Tungiasis - Tungiasis is a localized skin disease commonly affecting one foot and caused by the burrowing flea Tunga penetrans. (
  • The results indicate that in resource-poor popula- the flea increases its volume by a factor of approximately tions important disease may frequently occur and seems to 2,000, finally reaching the size of a pea. (
  • Domestic dogs are easily protected from the disease, as long as they are receiving monthly tick and flea prevention medication. (
  • Tungiasis (sand flea disease) is a neglected tropical disease. (
  • Salluh JI, Bozza FA, Pinto TS, Toscano L, Weller PF, Soares M. Cutaneous periumbilical purpura in disseminated strongyloidiasis in cancer patients: a pathognomonic feature of potentially lethal disease? (
  • Everything from basic fungal conditions to cancer can have an adverse impact on your cat's skin. (
  • and Skin cancer. (
  • In a sense, the skin becomes an innocent bystander to cancer, with far-reaching psychosocial, physical and financial implications for patients. (
  • Skin, hair and nail conditions are quite prevalent in general, so there is a good chance that a cancer patient undergoing cancer therapy may already have a preexisting dermatologic condition - either diagnosed or undiagnosed - that likely may worsen once they begin chemotherapy, radiation or an oral medication," said Dr. Lacouture. (
  • In one study, as many as 70 percent of women receiving radiation therapy for breast cancer reported radiation dermatitis - including painful, weeping or bleeding skin that caused significant discomfort and even disfigurement - that require treatment with topical corticosteroid creams and antibiotics. (
  • In addition, hand foot syndrome is another resulting skin condition from cancer therapy that causes painful swelling and peeling or cracking skin on the palms and soles. (
  • Dr. Lacouture stressed that patients and their physicians need to be aware of the warning signs of skin cancer and regularly examine their skin for any changes that could signal a problem. (
  • Studies have shown that survivors of childhood cancer are especially prone to an increased risk of non-melanoma skin cancers, including basal cell and squamous cell skin cancers," said Dr. Lacouture. (
  • This association demonstrates a potentially serious consequence of previous cancer therapy, as skin cancer needs to be detected early to be treated successfully. (
  • In addition, Dr. Lacouture noted that several studies have shown a strong correlation between pancreatic cancer and melanoma as well as colon cancer and non-melanoma skin cancers. (
  • As a result of this trip he published Scheme for obtaining a better knowledge of endemic skin diseases in India, prepared with T. Farquhar, for the India Office in 1872. (
  • 1864. Cholera Prospects: Compiled from Personal Observation in the East: for the Information and Guidance of Individuals and Governments (1865) Scheme for obtaining a better knowledge of endemic skin diseases in India, prepared with T. Farquhar, for the India Office. (
  • The disease is endemic in the eastern States of Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. (
  • Cutaneous larva migrans - This dermatosis results from the accidental penetration of the human skin by parasitic larvae from domestic canine, bovine and feline hosts. (
  • A close contact with human skin allows the infective larvae to burrow into the epidermis and cause clinical disease. (
  • The infestation mechanism involves direct deposition of eggs, contamination by soil or dirty clothes, other insects acting as vectors, or else actual penetration of larvae into the skin. (
  • Itching also may be caused when any of the family of hookworm larvae penetrate the skin. (
  • Only the male adults and older larvae live on the surface of the skin. (
  • Identification of allergens to which the patient has become sensitised in situations where skin testing is unavailable or unsuitable (i.e. serology for antigen-specific IgE - "RAST" tests ). (
  • RAST tests to allergen "mixes" used to screen for sensitisation to a group of allergens (e.g. grass mix or food mix) are relatively insensitive compared to RAST to the specific allergen and are less sensitive than skin testing. (
  • Lyme Disease bacterial infection caused by the spirochete Borrelia burgdorferi, and transmitted by a tick bite. (
  • Both humans and dogs are susceptible to Lyme disease. (
  • While this vaccine reduces the risk of your dog's contracting Lyme disease, it's not 100 percent effective. (
  • Symptoms of lyme disease in dogs include fever, lack of appetite, stiffness, and more. (
  • Some diseases have several contributing causes and bacteria can be one of these contributing causes ( acne ). (
  • When the skin is stripped of lipids, which are part of its protective outer layer, the skin barrier is compromised and can worsen acne and rosacea," said Dr. Berson. (
  • When it comes to cleansing the skin, Dr. Berson recommended gentle cleaning and cleansers for skin prone to acne and rosacea. (
  • If patients do not use a daily moisturizer, their skin can become red and peel easily due to the drying effect of their acne medications. (
  • Moisturizers are extremely important for both acne and rosacea patients, and the key is finding the right moisturizer for your specific skin type," said Dr. Berson. (
  • Pruritus is associated with other skin diseases, including secondary bacterial skin infections (pyoderma) and secondary yeast infections. (
  • In some cases, secondary bacterial and parasitic infections may be the most obvious problem, masking the damage caused by the primary viral infection. (
  • Pubic lice does not transmit diseases, however, the scratching of the skin may cause secondary bacterial infection. (
  • Of the many ailments traditional remedies address, infectious diseases caused by fungal or bacterial pathogens are among the most common. (
  • The nickname given to the insects that spread Chagas disease is somewhat bittersweet: kissing bugs. (
  • The parasite then enters the bloodstream and causes Chagas disease, also known as trypanosomiasis. (
  • In the study, published Thursday in the journal PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases , infection with Chagas was found to increase risk of death by two to three times. (
  • In every age category, people who had Chagas died more than people who didn't have Chagas," said Dr. Ligia Capuani, an infectious disease researcher at Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de Sao Paulo, in Brazil, who led the research. (
  • In the study, 40% of people whose blood tested positive for Chagas disease did not have that infection stated on their death certificate, even when deaths were heart-related. (
  • A lot of mortality data doesn't account for Chagas, so you underestimate the effect of the disease. (
  • The general assumption is that the non-symptomatic form of Chagas disease is associated with negligible morbidity/mortality for the patients," said Dr. Eric Dumonteil, a Chagas disease researcher at Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine in the US. (
  • The first ascribes it to Chagas disease , a parasitic ailment spread by the vinchuca bug. (
  • Two common protozoan infections in low income areas of the U.S. include Chagas disease and Toxoplasmosis. (
  • The eschar sloughs off after about 2 to 5 weeks, leaving an ulcer through skin and fatty tissue. (
  • When pimples are damaged or burst they are called erosions, and if an erosion breaks through the full thickness of skin, it forms an ulcer. (
  • Malaria is one of the most prevalent and serious infectious disease problems throughout the tropical and subtropical areas of the world. (
  • The primary objectives of this study are to estimate the prevalence of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in primary school aged children in Fiji and to estimate the prevalence of pyoderma in these children. (
  • The primary endpoints of the study will be to determine the prevalence of echocardiogram confirmed rheumatic heart disease and to determine the prevalence of pyoderma assessed using a standardized tool. (
  • the prevalence of bacterial and parasitic diseases. (
  • We refined the concept using modern technology, making a parasite that does not cause clinical disease but allows for induction of immunity. (
  • The study showed that the mutant parasite lacking centrin can still find its way into cells and make copies of itself, but for only a limited amount of time and not at a pace that leads to clinical disease. (
  • Each chapter looks at a different type of skin disease with descriptions of clinical presentations and a guide for diagnostic tests for each. (
  • The Fiji GrASP epidemiologic studies are important for vaccine clinical trials in that they will gain a clear picture of the burden of GAS disease, develop ongoing surveillance and clinical endpoints for vaccine trials, collect isolates of GAS in Fiji, investigate immune correlates of vaccine protection, and prepare the existing clinical trial site for trials of the J-8 based vaccine. (
  • Written by an expert with more than 30 years of clinical experience in avian medicine, the new edition is thoroughly revised with updated diseases, new and expanded clinical techniques, and over 100 new color illustrations. (
  • This chapter summarizes the clinical aspects, treatment, and potential toxicity of treatment for common parasitic infections that might be encountered during pregnancy. (
  • Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology (12 izd. (
  • Most forms of skin disease have a variety of these clinical signs. (
  • Designed as both a superior standalone atlas and a pictorial companion to the 12th edition of Andrews' Disease of the Skin , Andrews' Diseases of the Skin Clinical Atlas provides a remarkable collection of 3,000 high-quality images, resulting in the ultimate visual catalogue for those who see patients with skin conditions. (
  • Head lice are tiny insects that live on the skin covering the top of your head (scalp). (
  • Unlike body lice, head lice never carry or spread diseases. (
  • Pubic lice (often called "crabs") are a parasitic insect most often found in a person's pubic hair and spread through sexual contact . (
  • Are there skin diseases caused by bacteria? (
  • Some skin diseases are totally caused by bacteria , such as an infection of the skin ( impetigo or cellulitis ). (
  • The new test could improve upon two current methods to diagnose tuberculosis-a skin test or culturing bacteria from saliva, both of which take days. (
  • Ear and skin infections by the bacteria Staphylococcus pseudintermedius and the yeast Malassezia pachydermatis are commonly secondary to atopic dermatitis. (
  • While bacteria can be a primary cause of skin disease more often than not a bacterial infection will come about through the cat's skin being damaged or diseased from other causes. (
  • If not treated, the bacteria will spread and cause hyperkeratotic (abnormal thickening of the skin), otitis externa (outer ear infection). (
  • It may be caused by external factors, such as invading organisms, or it may be caused by internal dysfunctions, such as autoimmune diseases. (
  • A disease or medical problem is an abnormal condition of an organism that impairs bodily functions, associated with specific symptoms and signs. (
  • A second theory holds that he suffered from Crohn's disease , although that leaves his skin symptoms largely unexplained. (
  • It is important to minimize these symptoms, as patients who already may not feel good from radiation have added discomfort from this painful skin rash," said Dr. Lacouture. (
  • Hi doctors, can you tell me what is latest medicine for hcm(highper trophic cardio myopathy-heart diseases) and psoriasis(skin diseases)? (
  • I have psoriasis, to avoid the recurrence of the disease I'm periodically pass here the hemocorrection with Olshansky. (
  • The decision to treat a parasitic infection during pregnancy is a difficult risk-benefit calculation based on knowledge of the associated morbidity and mortality, and the toxic effects of the antiparasitic drug. (
  • Koi herpesvirus disease (KHVD) affects fish of various ages, often resulting in 80-100% mortality in susceptible populations when water temperatures are between 60° and 77°F (16° and 25 °C) (Haenen et al. (
  • In addition to habitat loss, predation, and human induced mortality, the fox is facing a sarcoptic mange disease epidemic in Bakersfield, California, which was until recently a thriving population hub for the species. (
  • It offers color photos of common skin diseases in both the dog and cat, offering insights on testing, treatment options, and life cycles of diseases. (
  • Zooming in/Out of the pictures are enable in this released with detailed treatment option of the diseases. (
  • Since July 2007, MSF has screened over 6,500 patients for kala azar and the 2,500 patients found to be positive received treatment with liposomal amphotericin B - a relatively new therapy for the disease. (
  • into details about these numerous additions to the catalogue of diseases, to the stock of pathological ideas, and to the resources of treatment. (
  • They also may want to select skin care products that can help improve the overall appearance and health of the skin during treatment, especially if their medications have left their skin with redness, dryness or inflammation. (
  • 10, 11 Anyone infected by these diseases should see a doctor for treatment. (
  • The overview below shows the most frequent fish diseases as well as the right medication for proper treatment. (
  • The classic fish medication »Universal« is an effective treatment for many fish diseases. (
  • It is common to see dogs with two or more skin conditions that cause pruritus concurrently. (
  • Despite its usefulness, though, your cat's skin also serves as the source of various common diseases, some of which can affect your feline for the duration of his life. (
  • Skin odor is a common manifestation of a skin infection. (
  • In cats, the most common skin infections are bacterial and yeast infections. (
  • Though the disease is generally considered to be mild or even asymptomatic among most, a new study has found that deaths fueled by the infection are much more common than we know - and are going unrecognized. (
  • The leading causes of death among those testing positive related to heart diseases, the most common symptom of an infection. (
  • Dealing with all common skin diseases in both the dog and the cat, particular attention is paid to the differences between the two species. (
  • Pemphigus foliaceus is the most common autoimmune disease of the dog. (
  • It is also common for older people to suffer from dry, itchy skin (especially on the back) for no obvious reason. (
  • Bacterial - a really common reason for skin problems. (
  • Fungal - The most common form of fungal skin disease is known as ringworm. (
  • Giardia and cryptosporidium are common parasitic illnesses. (
  • Koi herpesvirus disease has been diagnosed in koi and common carp (Hedrick et al. (
  • 2006). Whether hybrid common carp, other cyprinids, or non-cyprinid species can harbor KHV and later transmit the disease to naïve common carp varieties remains controversial. (
  • AC, commonly called the rat lungworm, is a parasitic worm and the most common infectious cause of eosinophilic (a type of white cell) meningitis in humans worldwide. (
  • Trichomoniasis is a very common sexually transmitted parasitic infection. (
  • Unfortunately, completely to get rid of my skin I could not, but they bother me become less, not so itchy. (
  • Many skin conditions cause an itchy rash. (
  • Younger people also may notice dry, itchy skin in cold weather. (
  • Itchy skin may also lead to personality changes, including loss of tolerance, irritability, and aggression. (
  • New diseases and rare conditions are represented, along with relevant hair, nail, and mucous membrane findings . (
  • In a series of animal studies, the vaccine protected mice against the disease - including mice with compromised immune systems and mice exposed to the parasite in the same way humans are, through the bite of infected sand flies. (
  • There is no vaccine against the disease. (
  • 2 , 3 , 4 A frequently updated monograph from the Centers for Disease Control 5 provides current information on the risks of parasitic infection, vaccine requirements, and chemoprophylaxis. (
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. (
  • Saving Lives, Protecting People Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (
  • When the nerves of the skin are stimulated by mediators of inflammation to a level below that threshold, the dog will not scratch. (
  • Crusts are masses of serum, blood, and inflammatory cells, produced as a consequence of skin inflammation. (
  • Allergic diseases are the result of allergic inflammation that occurs as a result of an interaction between the environment and the patient's immune system resulting in the release of histamine and other proinflammatory mediators. (
  • An exfoliative disease of skin seen primarily in adults and characterized by flaccid bullae and spreading erythema so that the skin has the appearance of being scalded. (
  • 10. Allergic Skin Disease. (
  • Atopy is a hereditary [4] and chronic (lifelong) allergic skin disease. (
  • Three of his 10 children died before age 10 - 2 of bacterial diseases. (
  • Vaccines prevent many viral and bacterial diseases that are difficult to treat in dogs. (
  • The application areas include fungal diseases and mould, as well as bacterial diseases that accompany these infections. (