The outer covering of the body that protects it from the environment. It is composed of the DERMIS and the EPIDERMIS.
The process of aging due to changes in the structure and elasticity of the skin over time. It may be a part of physiological aging or it may be due to the effects of ultraviolet radiation, usually through exposure to sunlight.
Tumors or cancer of the SKIN.
The functions of the skin in the human and animal body. It includes the pigmentation of the skin.
Epicutaneous or intradermal application of a sensitizer for demonstration of either delayed or immediate hypersensitivity. Used in diagnosis of hypersensitivity or as a test for cellular immunity.
Uptake of substances through the SKIN.
Coloration of the skin.
Synthetic material used for the treatment of burns and other conditions involving large-scale loss of skin. It often consists of an outer (epidermal) layer of silicone and an inner (dermal) layer of collagen and chondroitin 6-sulfate. The dermal layer elicits new growth and vascular invasion and the outer layer is later removed and replaced by a graft.
Skin diseases caused by bacteria.
The external, nonvascular layer of the skin. It is made up, from within outward, of five layers of EPITHELIUM: (1) basal layer (stratum basale epidermidis); (2) spinous layer (stratum spinosum epidermidis); (3) granular layer (stratum granulosum epidermidis); (4) clear layer (stratum lucidum epidermidis); and (5) horny layer (stratum corneum epidermidis).
Congenital structural abnormalities of the skin.
Infections to the skin caused by bacteria of the genus STAPHYLOCOCCUS.
Any inflammation of the skin.
Operative procedures performed on the SKIN.
Skin diseases caused by viruses.
A water-soluble medicinal preparation applied to the skin.
Biological activities and functions of the SKIN.
Mutant strains of mice that produce little or no hair.
A malignant skin neoplasm that seldom metastasizes but has potentialities for local invasion and destruction. Clinically it is divided into types: nodular, cicatricial, morphaic, and erythematoid (pagetoid). They develop on hair-bearing skin, most commonly on sun-exposed areas. Approximately 85% are found on the head and neck area and the remaining 15% on the trunk and limbs. (From DeVita Jr et al., Cancer: Principles & Practice of Oncology, 3d ed, p1471)
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum immediately below the visible range and extending into the x-ray frequencies. The longer wavelengths (near-UV or biotic or vital rays) are necessary for the endogenous synthesis of vitamin D and are also called antirachitic rays; the shorter, ionizing wavelengths (far-UV or abiotic or extravital rays) are viricidal, bactericidal, mutagenic, and carcinogenic and are used as disinfectants.
A layer of vascularized connective tissue underneath the EPIDERMIS. The surface of the dermis contains innervated papillae. Embedded in or beneath the dermis are SWEAT GLANDS; HAIR FOLLICLES; and SEBACEOUS GLANDS.
Redness of the skin produced by congestion of the capillaries. This condition may result from a variety of causes.
The application of suitable drug dosage forms to the skin for either local or systemic effects.
The application of drug preparations to the surfaces of the body, especially the skin (ADMINISTRATION, CUTANEOUS) or mucous membranes. This method of treatment is used to avoid systemic side effects when high doses are required at a localized area or as an alternative systemic administration route, to avoid hepatic processing for example.
Skin diseases caused by ARTHROPODS; HELMINTHS; or other parasites.
A circumscribed benign epithelial tumor projecting from the surrounding surface; more precisely, a benign epithelial neoplasm consisting of villous or arborescent outgrowths of fibrovascular stroma covered by neoplastic cells. (Stedman, 25th ed)
Any horny growth such as a wart or callus.
Restoration of integrity to traumatized tissue.
Irradiation directly from the sun.
Chemical or physical agents that protect the skin from sunburn and erythema by absorbing or blocking ultraviolet radiation.
Connective tissue cells which secrete an extracellular matrix rich in collagen and other macromolecules.
A tube-like invagination of the EPIDERMIS from which the hair shaft develops and into which SEBACEOUS GLANDS open. The hair follicle is lined by a cellular inner and outer root sheath of epidermal origin and is invested with a fibrous sheath derived from the dermis. (Stedman, 26th ed) Follicles of very long hairs extend into the subcutaneous layer of tissue under the SKIN.
Mutant strains of rats that produce little or no hair. Several different homozygous recessive mutations can cause hairlessness in rats including rnu/rnu (Rowett nude), fz/fz (fuzzy), shn/shn (shorn), and nznu/nznu (New Zealand nude). Note that while NUDE RATS are often hairless, they are most characteristically athymic.
7,12-Dimethylbenzanthracene. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon found in tobacco smoke that is a potent carcinogen.
A filament-like structure consisting of a shaft which projects to the surface of the SKIN from a root which is softer than the shaft and lodges in the cavity of a HAIR FOLLICLE. It is found on most surfaces of the body.
Visible accumulations of fluid within or beneath the epidermis.
An injury to the skin causing erythema, tenderness, and sometimes blistering and resulting from excessive exposure to the sun. The reaction is produced by the ultraviolet radiation in sunlight.
Small, sacculated organs found within the DERMIS. Each gland has a single duct that emerges from a cluster of oval alveoli. Each alveolus consists of a transparent BASEMENT MEMBRANE enclosing epithelial cells. The ducts from most sebaceous glands open into a HAIR FOLLICLE, but some open on the general surface of the SKIN. Sebaceous glands secrete SEBUM.
Dermatologic disorders attendant upon non-dermatologic disease or injury.
Recirculating, dendritic, antigen-presenting cells containing characteristic racket-shaped granules (Birbeck granules). They are found principally in the stratum spinosum of the EPIDERMIS and are rich in Class II MAJOR HISTOCOMPATIBILITY COMPLEX molecules. Langerhans cells were the first dendritic cell to be described and have been a model of study for other dendritic cells (DCs), especially other migrating DCs such as dermal DCs and INTERSTITIAL DENDRITIC CELLS.
A type of acute or chronic skin reaction in which sensitivity is manifested by reactivity to materials or substances coming in contact with the skin. It may involve allergic or non-allergic mechanisms.
Loss of water by diffusion through the skin and by evaporation from the respiratory tract.
Oleagenous substances used topically to soothe, soften or protect skin or mucous membranes. They are used also as vehicles for other dermatologic agents.
A contact dermatitis due to allergic sensitization to various substances. These substances subsequently produce inflammatory reactions in the skin of those who have acquired hypersensitivity to them as a result of prior exposure.
Drugs used to treat or prevent skin disorders or for the routine care of skin.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
A medical specialty concerned with the skin, its structure, functions, diseases, and treatment.
The forcing into the skin of liquid medication, nutrient, or other fluid through a hollow needle, piercing the top skin layer.
Removal and pathologic examination of specimens in the form of small pieces of tissue from the living body.
Mammalian pigment cells that produce MELANINS, pigments found mainly in the EPIDERMIS, but also in the eyes and the hair, by a process called melanogenesis. Coloration can be altered by the number of melanocytes or the amount of pigment produced and stored in the organelles called MELANOSOMES. The large non-mammalian melanin-containing cells are called MELANOPHORES.
One of several skin tests to determine past or present tuberculosis infection. A purified protein derivative of the tubercle bacilli, called tuberculin, is introduced into the skin by scratch, puncture, or interdermal injection.
A recurrent contact dermatitis caused by substances found in the work place.
A non-allergic contact dermatitis caused by prolonged exposure to irritants and not explained by delayed hypersensitivity mechanisms.
Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)
Adverse cutaneous reactions caused by ingestion, parenteral use, or local application of a drug. These may assume various morphologic patterns and produce various types of lesions.
Tongues of skin and subcutaneous tissue, sometimes including muscle, cut away from the underlying parts but often still attached at one end. They retain their own microvasculature which is also transferred to the new site. They are often used in plastic surgery for filling a defect in a neighboring region.
Skin tests in which the sensitizer is injected.
A malignant neoplasm derived from cells that are capable of forming melanin, which may occur in the skin of any part of the body, in the eye, or, rarely, in the mucous membranes of the genitalia, anus, oral cavity, or other sites. It occurs mostly in adults and may originate de novo or from a pigmented nevus or malignant lentigo. Melanomas frequently metastasize widely, and the regional lymph nodes, liver, lungs, and brain are likely to be involved. The incidence of malignant skin melanomas is rising rapidly in all parts of the world. (Stedman, 25th ed; from Rook et al., Textbook of Dermatology, 4th ed, p2445)
Tumors, cancer or other neoplasms produced by exposure to ionizing or non-ionizing radiation.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A cutaneous inflammatory reaction occurring as a result of exposure to ionizing radiation.
Superficial infections of the skin or its appendages by any of various fungi.
Insoluble polymers of TYROSINE derivatives found in and causing darkness in skin (SKIN PIGMENTATION), hair, and feathers providing protection against SUNBURN induced by SUNLIGHT. CAROTENES contribute yellow and red coloration.
Excessive pigmentation of the skin, usually as a result of increased epidermal or dermal melanin pigmentation, hypermelanosis. Hyperpigmentation can be localized or generalized. The condition may arise from exposure to light, chemicals or other substances, or from a primary metabolic imbalance.
Semisolid preparations used topically for protective emollient effects or as a vehicle for local administration of medications. Ointment bases are various mixtures of fats, waxes, animal and plant oils and solid and liquid hydrocarbons.
White or pink lesions on the arms, hands, face, or scalp that arise from sun-induced DNA DAMAGE to KERATINOCYTES in exposed areas. They are considered precursor lesions to superficial SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA.
A carcinoma derived from stratified SQUAMOUS EPITHELIAL CELLS. It may also occur in sites where glandular or columnar epithelium is normally present. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Drugs that act locally on cutaneous or mucosal surfaces to produce inflammation; those that cause redness due to hyperemia are rubefacients; those that raise blisters are vesicants and those that penetrate sebaceous glands and cause abscesses are pustulants; tear gases and mustard gases are also irritants.
Infections of non-skeletal tissue, i.e., exclusive of bone, ligaments, cartilage, and fibrous tissue. The concept is usually referred to as skin and soft tissue infections and usually subcutaneous and muscle tissue are involved. The predisposing factors in anaerobic infections are trauma, ischemia, and surgery. The organisms often derive from the fecal or oral flora, particularly in wounds associated with intestinal surgery, decubitus ulcer, and human bites. (From Cecil Textbook of Medicine, 19th ed, p1688)
A group of dermatoses with distinct morphologic features. The primary lesion is most commonly a papule, usually erythematous, with a variable degree of scaling on the surface. Plaques form through the coalescing of primary lesions.
A class of fibrous proteins or scleroproteins that represents the principal constituent of EPIDERMIS; HAIR; NAILS; horny tissues, and the organic matrix of tooth ENAMEL. Two major conformational groups have been characterized, alpha-keratin, whose peptide backbone forms a coiled-coil alpha helical structure consisting of TYPE I KERATIN and a TYPE II KERATIN, and beta-keratin, whose backbone forms a zigzag or pleated sheet structure. alpha-Keratins have been classified into at least 20 subtypes. In addition multiple isoforms of subtypes have been found which may be due to GENE DUPLICATION.
The processes of heating and cooling that an organism uses to control its temperature.
The part of the face above the eyes.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
A benign, non-neoplastic, usually self-limiting epithelial lesion closely resembling squamous cell carcinoma clinically and histopathologically. It occurs in solitary, multiple, and eruptive forms. The solitary and multiple forms occur on sunlight exposed areas and are identical histologically; they affect primarily white males. The eruptive form usually involves both sexes and appears as a generalized papular eruption.
Skin diseases affecting or involving the cutaneous blood vessels and generally manifested as inflammation, swelling, erythema, or necrosis in the affected area.
A term used to describe a variety of localized asymmetrical SKIN thickening that is similar to those of SYSTEMIC SCLERODERMA but without the disease features in the multiple internal organs and BLOOD VESSELS. Lesions may be characterized as patches or plaques (morphea), bands (linear), or nodules.
A method of non-invasive, continuous measurement of MICROCIRCULATION. The technique is based on the values of the DOPPLER EFFECT of low-power laser light scattered randomly by static structures and moving tissue particulates.
A polypeptide substance comprising about one third of the total protein in mammalian organisms. It is the main constituent of SKIN; CONNECTIVE TISSUE; and the organic substance of bones (BONE AND BONES) and teeth (TOOTH).
A chronic disorder of the pilosebaceous apparatus associated with an increase in sebum secretion. It is characterized by open comedones (blackheads), closed comedones (whiteheads), and pustular nodules. The cause is unknown, but heredity and age are predisposing factors.
Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
Mice selectively bred for hypersusceptibility to two-stage chemical skin carcinogenesis. They are also hypersusceptible to UV radiation tumorigenesis with single high-dose, but not chronic low-dose, exposures. SENCAR (SENsitive to CARcinogenesis) mice are used in research as an animal model for tumor production.
An increased reactivity to specific antigens mediated not by antibodies but by cells.
A noninvasive technique that enables direct microscopic examination of the surface and architecture of the SKIN.
An immunoglobulin associated with MAST CELLS. Overexpression has been associated with allergic hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).
The widespread involvement of the skin by a scaly, erythematous dermatitis occurring either as a secondary or reactive process to an underlying cutaneous disorder (e.g., atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, etc.), or as a primary or idiopathic disease. It is often associated with the loss of hair and nails, hyperkeratosis of the palms and soles, and pruritus. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Substances that increase the risk of NEOPLASMS in humans or animals. Both genotoxic chemicals, which affect DNA directly, and nongenotoxic chemicals, which induce neoplasms by other mechanism, are included.
Abnormal fluid accumulation in TISSUES or body cavities. Most cases of edema are present under the SKIN in SUBCUTANEOUS TISSUE.
Sweat-producing structures that are embedded in the DERMIS. Each gland consists of a single tube, a coiled body, and a superficial duct.
Injuries to tissues caused by contact with heat, steam, chemicals (BURNS, CHEMICAL), electricity (BURNS, ELECTRIC), or the like.
Diseases in which skin eruptions or rashes are a prominent manifestation. Classically, six such diseases were described with similar rashes; they were numbered in the order in which they were reported. Only the fourth (Duke's disease), fifth (ERYTHEMA INFECTIOSUM), and sixth (EXANTHEMA SUBITUM) numeric designations survive as occasional synonyms in current terminology.
Skin tests in which the sensitizer is applied to a patch of cotton cloth or gauze held in place for approximately 48-72 hours. It is used for the elicitation of a contact hypersensitivity reaction.
Property of membranes and other structures to permit passage of light, heat, gases, liquids, metabolites, and mineral ions.
The oily substance secreted by SEBACEOUS GLANDS. It is composed of KERATIN, fat, and cellular debris.
Substances used to obtain a lighter skin complexion or to treat HYPERPIGMENTATION disorders.
The outer part of the hearing system of the body. It includes the shell-like EAR AURICLE which collects sound, and the EXTERNAL EAR CANAL, the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE, and the EXTERNAL EAR CARTILAGES.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
Hypersensitivity reactions which occur within minutes of exposure to challenging antigen due to the release of histamine which follows the antigen-antibody reaction and causes smooth muscle contraction and increased vascular permeability.
An order of the class Amphibia, which includes several families of frogs and toads. They are characterized by well developed hind limbs adapted for jumping, fused head and trunk and webbed toes. The term "toad" is ambiguous and is properly applied only to the family Bufonidae.
Antigen-type substances that produce immediate hypersensitivity (HYPERSENSITIVITY, IMMEDIATE).
The inspection of one's own body, usually for signs of disease (e.g., BREAST SELF-EXAMINATION, testicular self-examination).
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Any of several generalized skin disorders characterized by dryness, roughness, and scaliness, due to hypertrophy of the stratum corneum epidermis. Most are genetic, but some are acquired, developing in association with other systemic disease or genetic syndrome.
Photochemotherapy using PSORALENS as the photosensitizing agent and ultraviolet light type A (UVA).
The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.
Sharp instruments used for puncturing or suturing.
Fabric or other material used to cover the body.
The relationship between the dose of administered radiation and the response of the organism or tissue to the radiation.
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
Therapeutic introduction of ions of soluble salts into tissues by means of electric current. In medical literature it is commonly used to indicate the process of increasing the penetration of drugs into surface tissues by the application of electric current. It has nothing to do with ION EXCHANGE; AIR IONIZATION nor PHONOPHORESIS, none of which requires current.
A phorbol ester found in CROTON OIL with very effective tumor promoting activity. It stimulates the synthesis of both DNA and RNA.
Agents that soften, separate, and cause desquamation of the cornified epithelium or horny layer of skin. They are used to expose mycelia of infecting fungi or to treat corns, warts, and certain other skin diseases.
Neoplasms composed of sebaceous or sweat gland tissue or tissue of other skin appendages. The concept does not refer to neoplasms located in the sebaceous or sweat glands or in the other skin appendages.
A pruritic papulovesicular dermatitis occurring as a reaction to many endogenous and exogenous agents (Dorland, 27th ed).
Cells specialized to transduce mechanical stimuli and relay that information centrally in the nervous system. Mechanoreceptor cells include the INNER EAR hair cells, which mediate hearing and balance, and the various somatosensory receptors, often with non-neural accessory structures.
Altered reactivity to an antigen, which can result in pathologic reactions upon subsequent exposure to that particular antigen.
Color of hair or fur.
The flow of BLOOD through or around an organ or region of the body.
The use of ultraviolet electromagnetic radiation in the treatment of disease, usually of the skin. This is the part of the sun's spectrum that causes sunburn and tanning. Ultraviolet A, used in PUVA, is closer to visible light and less damaging than Ultraviolet B, which is ionizing.
Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.
A circumscribed stable malformation of the skin and occasionally of the oral mucosa, which is not due to external causes and therefore presumed to be of hereditary origin.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Clothing designed to protect the individual against possible exposure to known hazards.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
A nevus containing melanin. The term is usually restricted to nevocytic nevi (round or oval collections of melanin-containing nevus cells occurring at the dermoepidermal junction of the skin or in the dermis proper) or moles, but may be applied to other pigmented nevi.
Absence of hair from areas where it is normally present.
A malignant tumor of the skin appendages, which include the hair, nails, sebaceous glands, sweat glands, and the mammary glands. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
Sensation of making physical contact with objects, animate or inanimate. Tactile stimuli are detected by MECHANORECEPTORS in the skin and mucous membranes.
Group of genetically determined disorders characterized by the blistering of skin and mucosae. There are four major forms: acquired, simple, junctional, and dystrophic. Each of the latter three has several varieties.
Sodium or potassium salts of long chain fatty acids. These detergent substances are obtained by boiling natural oils or fats with caustic alkali. Sodium soaps are harder and are used as topical anti-infectives and vehicles in pills and liniments; potassium soaps are soft, used as vehicles for ointments and also as topical antimicrobials.
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.
Severe irritant and vesicant of skin, eyes, and lungs. It may cause blindness and lethal lung edema and was formerly used as a war gas. The substance has been proposed as a cytostatic and for treatment of psoriasis. It has been listed as a known carcinogen in the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP-85-002, 1985) (Merck, 11th ed).
A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
Group of chronic blistering diseases characterized histologically by ACANTHOLYSIS and blister formation within the EPIDERMIS.
A rapid onset form of SYSTEMIC SCLERODERMA with progressive widespread SKIN thickening over the arms, the legs and the trunk, resulting in stiffness and disability.
Exposing oneself to SUNLIGHT or ULTRAVIOLET RAYS.
A nonimmunologic, chemically induced type of photosensitivity producing a sometimes vesiculating dermatitis. It results in hyperpigmentation and desquamation of the light-exposed areas of the skin.
Act of eliciting a response from a person or organism through physical contact.
Granulated cells that are found in almost all tissues, most abundantly in the skin and the gastrointestinal tract. Like the BASOPHILS, mast cells contain large amounts of HISTAMINE and HEPARIN. Unlike basophils, mast cells normally remain in the tissues and do not circulate in the blood. Mast cells, derived from the bone marrow stem cells, are regulated by the STEM CELL FACTOR.
The outer covering of the calvaria. It is composed of several layers: SKIN; subcutaneous connective tissue; the occipitofrontal muscle which includes the tendinous galea aponeurotica; loose connective tissue; and the pericranium (the PERIOSTEUM of the SKULL).
The movement of cells from one location to another. Distinguish from CYTOKINESIS which is the process of dividing the CYTOPLASM of a cell.
A mitosporic fungal genus that causes a variety of skin disorders. Malassezia furfur (Pityrosporum orbiculare) causes TINEA VERSICOLOR.
Benign eccrine poromas that present as multiple oval, brown-to-black plaques, located mostly on the chest and back. The age of onset is usually in the fourth or fifth decade.
A chronic inflammatory disease of the skin with unknown etiology. It is characterized by moderate ERYTHEMA, dry, moist, or greasy (SEBACEOUS GLAND) scaling and yellow crusted patches on various areas, especially the scalp, that exfoliate as dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis is common in children and adolescents with HIV INFECTIONS.
The combination of two or more different factors in the production of cancer.
Imaging the temperatures in a material, or in the body or an organ. Imaging is based on self-emanating infrared radiation (HEAT WAVES), or on changes in properties of the material or tissue that vary with temperature, such as ELASTICITY; MAGNETIC FIELD; or LUMINESCENCE.
The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.
The destruction of germs causing disease.
Proteins obtained from species in the class of AMPHIBIANS.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Immunologically mediated adverse reactions to medicinal substances used legally or illegally.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Diseases affecting the orderly growth and persistence of hair.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations, or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. All animals within an inbred strain trace back to a common ancestor in the twentieth generation.
Part of the arm in humans and primates extending from the ELBOW to the WRIST.
Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified - cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.
Benign epidermal proliferations or tumors; some are viral in origin.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
A contagious cutaneous inflammation caused by the bite of the mite SARCOPTES SCABIEI. It is characterized by pruritic papular eruptions and burrows and affects primarily the axillae, elbows, wrists, and genitalia, although it can spread to cover the entire body.
A derivative of PREDNISOLONE with high glucocorticoid activity and low mineralocorticoid activity. Absorbed through the skin faster than FLUOCINONIDE, it is used topically in treatment of PSORIASIS but may cause marked adrenocortical suppression.
All of the processes involved in increasing CELL NUMBER including CELL DIVISION.
An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.
Any one of five terminal digits of the vertebrate FOOT.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
An ulceration caused by prolonged pressure on the SKIN and TISSUES when one stays in one position for a long period of time, such as lying in bed. The bony areas of the body are the most frequently affected sites which become ischemic (ISCHEMIA) under sustained and constant pressure.
A sharply elevated, irregularly shaped, progressively enlarging scar resulting from formation of excessive amounts of collagen in the dermis during connective tissue repair. It is differentiated from a hypertrophic scar (CICATRIX, HYPERTROPHIC) in that the former does not spread to surrounding tissues.
Skin diseases of the foot, general or unspecified.
A vascular reaction of the skin characterized by erythema and wheal formation due to localized increase of vascular permeability. The causative mechanism may be allergy, infection, or stress.
A common name used for the genus Cavia. The most common species is Cavia porcellus which is the domesticated guinea pig used for pets and biomedical research.
A type I keratin that is found associated with the KERATIN-1 in terminally differentiated epidermal cells such as those that form the stratum corneum. Mutations in the genes that encode keratin-10 have been associated with HYPERKERATOSIS, EPIDERMOLYTIC.
Material used for wrapping or binding any part of the body.
The distal part of the arm beyond the wrist in humans and primates, that includes the palm, fingers, and thumb.
Flat keratinous structures found on the skin surface of birds. Feathers are made partly of a hollow shaft fringed with barbs. They constitute the plumage.
Four or five slender jointed digits in humans and primates, attached to each HAND.
A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
An iodinated polyvinyl polymer used as topical antiseptic in surgery and for skin and mucous membrane infections, also as aerosol. The iodine may be radiolabeled for research purposes.
A shiny gray element with atomic symbol As, atomic number 33, and atomic weight 75. It occurs throughout the universe, mostly in the form of metallic arsenides. Most forms are toxic. According to the Fourth Annual Report on Carcinogens (NTP 85-002, 1985), arsenic and certain arsenic compounds have been listed as known carcinogens. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Viscous, nauseating oil obtained from the shrub Croton tiglium (Euphorbaceae). It is a vesicant and skin irritant used as pharmacologic standard for skin inflammation and allergy and causes skin cancer. It was formerly used as an emetic and cathartic with frequent mortality.
Each of the upper and lower folds of SKIN which cover the EYE when closed.
Non-antibody proteins secreted by inflammatory leukocytes and some non-leukocytic cells, that act as intercellular mediators. They differ from classical hormones in that they are produced by a number of tissue or cell types rather than by specialized glands. They generally act locally in a paracrine or autocrine rather than endocrine manner.
An acute, diffuse, and suppurative inflammation of loose connective tissue, particularly the deep subcutaneous tissues, and sometimes muscle, which is most commonly seen as a result of infection of a wound, ulcer, or other skin lesions.
A vascular connective tissue formed on the surface of a healing wound, ulcer, or inflamed tissue. It consists of new capillaries and an infiltrate containing lymphoid cells, macrophages, and plasma cells.
Filaments 7-11 nm in diameter found in the cytoplasm of all cells. Many specific proteins belong to this group, e.g., desmin, vimentin, prekeratin, decamin, skeletin, neurofilin, neurofilament protein, and glial fibrillary acid protein.
Coverings for the hands, usually with separations for the fingers, made of various materials, for protection against infections, toxic substances, extremes of hot and cold, radiations, water immersion, etc. The gloves may be worn by patients, care givers, housewives, laboratory and industrial workers, police, etc.
The thin, horny plates that cover the dorsal surfaces of the distal phalanges of the fingers and toes of primates.
An isomer of 1-PROPANOL. It is a colorless liquid having disinfectant properties. It is used in the manufacture of acetone and its derivatives and as a solvent. Topically, it is used as an antiseptic.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.
Disorders of increased melanin pigmentation that develop without preceding inflammatory disease.
The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.

Glycopeptides from the surgace of human neuroblastoma cells. (1/19537)

Glycopeptides suggesting a complex oligosaccharide composition are present on the surface of cells from human neuroblastoma tumors and several cell lines derived from the tumors. The glycopeptides, labeled with radioactive L-fucose, were removed from the cell surface with trypsin, digested with Pronase, and examined by chromatography on Sephadex G-50. Human skin fibroblasts, brain cells, and a fibroblast line derived from neuroblastoma tumor tissue show less complex glycopeptides. Although some differences exist between the cell lines and the primary tumor cells, the similarities between these human tumors and animal tumors examined previously are striking.  (+info)

Explanations for the clinical and microscopic localization of lesions in pemphigus foliaceus and vulgaris. (2/19537)

Patients with pemphigus foliaceus (PF) have blisters on skin, but not mucous membranes, whereas patients with pemphigus vulgaris (PV) develop blisters on mucous membranes and/or skin. PF and PV blisters are due to loss of keratinocyte cell-cell adhesion in the superficial and deep epidermis, respectively. PF autoantibodies are directed against desmoglein (Dsg) 1; PV autoantibodies bind Dsg3 or both Dsg3 and Dsg1. In this study, we test the hypothesis that coexpression of Dsg1 and Dsg3 in keratinocytes protects against pathology due to antibody-induced dysfunction of either one alone. Using passive transfer of pemphigus IgG to normal and DSG3(null) neonatal mice, we show that in the areas of epidermis and mucous membrane that coexpress Dsg1 and Dsg3, antibodies against either desmoglein alone do not cause spontaneous blisters, but antibodies against both do. In areas (such as superficial epidermis of normal mice) where Dsg1 without Dsg3 is expressed, anti-Dsg1 antibodies alone can cause blisters. Thus, the anti-desmoglein antibody profiles in pemphigus sera and the normal tissue distributions of Dsg1 and Dsg3 determine the sites of blister formation. These studies suggest that pemphigus autoantibodies inhibit the adhesive function of desmoglein proteins, and demonstrate that either Dsg1 or Dsg3 alone is sufficient to maintain keratinocyte adhesion.  (+info)

Activation of telomerase and its association with G1-phase of the cell cycle during UVB-induced skin tumorigenesis in SKH-1 hairless mouse. (3/19537)

Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein enzyme that adds hexanucleotide repeats TTAGGG to the ends of chromosomes. Telomerase activation is known to play a crucial role in cell-immortalization and carcinogenesis. Telomerase is shown to have a correlation with cell cycle progression, which is controlled by the regulation of cyclins, cyclin dependent kinases (cdks) and cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors (cdkis). Abnormal expression of these regulatory molecules may cause alterations in cell cycle with uncontrolled cell growth, a universal feature of neoplasia. Skin cancer is the most prevalent form of cancer in humans and the solar UV radiation is its major cause. Here, we investigated modulation in telomerase activity and protein expression of cell cycle regulatory molecules during the development of UVB-induced tumors in SKH-1 hairless mice. The mice were exposed to 180 mjoules/cm2 UVB radiation, thrice weekly for 24 weeks. The animals were sacrificed at 4 week intervals and the studies were performed in epidermis. Telomerase activity was barely detectable in the epidermis of non-irradiated mouse. UVB exposure resulted in a progressive increase in telomerase activity starting from the 4th week of exposure. The increased telomerase activity either persisted or further increased with the increased exposure. In papillomas and carcinomas the enzyme activity was comparable and was 45-fold higher than in the epidermis of control mice. Western blot analysis showed an upregulation in the protein expression of cyclin D1 and cyclin E and their regulatory subunits cdk4 and cdk2 during the course of UVB exposure and in papillomas and carcinomas. The protein expression of cdk6 and ckis viz. p16/Ink4A, p21/Waf1 and p27/Kip1 did not show any significant change in UVB exposed skin, but significant upregulation was observed both in papillomas and carcinomas. The results suggest that telomerase activation may be involved in UVB-induced tumorigenesis in mouse skin and that increased telomerase activity may be associated with G1 phase of the cell cycle.  (+info)

Metallothionein-null mice absorb less Zn from an egg-white diet, but a similar amount from solutions, although with altered intertissue Zn distribution. (4/19537)

The influence of metallothionein (MT) on Zn transfer into non-gut tissues was investigated in MT-null (MT-/-) and normal (MT+/+) mice 4 h after oral gavage of aqueous 65ZnSO4solution at doses of 154, 385, 770 and 1540 nmol Zn per mouse. Zn transfer was not significantly different between MT+/+ and MT-/- mice and was directly proportional to the oral dose (slope = 0.127, r = 0.991; 0. 146, r = 0.994, respectively). Blood 65Zn and plasma Zn concentrations increased progressively in MT-/- mice at doses >154 nmol Zn, reaching levels of 2.4% of oral dose and 60 micromol/L, respectively, at the 1540 nmol Zn dose. The corresponding values for MT+/+ mice were approximately half, 1.0% and 29 micromol/L. Intergenotypic differences were found in tissue distribution of 65Zn within the body; MT-/- mice had higher 65Zn levels in muscle, skin, heart and brain, whereas MT+/+ mice retained progressively more Zn in the liver, in conjunction with a linear increase in hepatic MT up to the highest Zn dose. MT induction in the small intestine reached its maximum at an oral dose of 385 nmol Zn and did not differ at higher doses. Absorption of a 770 nmol 65Zn dose from a solid egg-white diet was only one fourth (MT+/+) and one eighth (MT-/-) of the Zn absorption from the same dose of 65Zn in aqueous solution. MT+/+ mice had greater (P < 0.05) Zn absorption from the egg-white diet than did MT-/- mice, indicating that gut MT confers an absorptive advantage, but only when Zn is incorporated into solid food.  (+info)

Accumulation of astaxanthin all-E, 9Z and 13Z geometrical isomers and 3 and 3' RS optical isomers in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) is selective. (5/19537)

Concentrations of all-E-, 9Z- and 13Z- geometrical and (3R,3'R), (3R, 3'S) and (3S,3'S) optical isomers of astaxanthin were determined in rainbow trout liver, gut tissues, kidney, skin and blood plasma to evaluate their body distribution. Two cold-pelleted diets containing predominantly all-E-astaxanthin (36.9 mg/kg astaxanthin, 97% all-E-, 0.4% 9Z-, 1.5% 13Z-astaxanthin, and 1.1% other isomers, respectively) or a mixture of all-E- and Z-astaxanthins (35.4 mg/kg astaxanthin, 64% all-E-, 18.7% 9Z-, 12.3% 13Z-astaxanthin, and 2.0% other isomers, respectively), were fed to duplicate groups of trout for 69 d. Individual E/Z isomers were identified by VIS- and 1H-NMR-spectrometry, and quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography. Significantly higher total carotenoid concentration was observed in plasma of trout fed diets with all-E-astaxanthin (P < 0.05). The relative E/Z-isomer concentrations of plasma, skin and kidney were not significantly different among groups, whereas all-E-astaxanthin was higher in intestinal tissues and 13Z-astaxanthin was lower in liver of trout fed all-E-astaxanthin (P < 0.05). The relative amount of hepatic 13Z-astaxanthin (39-49% of total astaxanthin) was higher than in all other samples (P < 0.05). Synthetic, optically inactive astaxanthin was used in all experiments, and the determined dietary ratio between the 3R,3'R:3R, 3'S (meso):3S,3'S optical isomers was 25.3:49.6:25.1. The distribution of R/S-astaxanthin isomers in feces, blood, liver and fillet was similar to that in the diets. The ratio between (3S,3'S)- and (3R,3'R)-astaxanthin in the skin and posterior kidney was ca. 2:1 and 3:1, respectively, regardless of dietary E/Z-astaxanthin composition. The results show that geometrical and optical isomers of astaxanthin are distributed selectively in different tissues of rainbow trout.  (+info)

Interferon-alpha does not improve outcome at one year in patients with diffuse cutaneous scleroderma: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. (6/19537)

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether interferon-alpha (IFNalpha) reduces the severity of skin involvement in early (<3 years) diffuse scleroderma. METHODS: In a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial, 35 patients with early scleroderma received subcutaneous injections of either IFNalpha (13.5 x 10(6) units per week in divided doses) or indistinguishable placebo. Outcomes assessed were the modified Rodnan skin score, as determined by a single observer at baseline, 6 months, and 12 months, as well as data on renal, cardiac, and lung function. Pre- and posttreatment skin biopsy samples were analyzed and blood was obtained for assessment of procollagen peptide levels. RESULTS: There were 11 withdrawals from the IFNalpha group and 3 from the placebo group due to either toxicity, lack of efficacy, or death. In the intent-to-treat analysis, there was a greater improvement in the skin score in the placebo group between 0 and 12 months (mean change IFNalpha -4.7 versus placebo -7.5; P = 0.36). There was also a greater deterioration in lung function in patients receiving active therapy, as assessed by either the forced vital capacity (mean change IFNalpha -8.2 versus placebo +1.3; P = 0.01) or the diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (mean change IFNalpha -9.3 versus placebo +4.7; P = 0.002). Skin biopsy showed no significant decrease in collagen synthesis in the IFNalpha group, and no significant differences in the levels of procollagen peptides were seen between the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that IFNalpha is of no value in the treatment of scleroderma, and that it may in fact be deleterious.  (+info)

Hydrophobic interaction of human, mouse, and rabbit interferons with immobilized hydrocarbons. (7/19537)

Interferons of human, mouse, and rabbit origin bind to straight chain hydrocarbons immobilized on agarose. The hydrophobic nature of binding is established by the following observations: (a) a positive correlation between the length of hydrocarbon ligand and the strength of interaction; (b) a stronger interaction with hydrocarbon ligands terminated with apolar rather than polar head groups; (c) a lack of dependence of binding on ionic strength and pH of the solvent; (d) a reversal of binding by ethylene glycol, a hydrophobic solute; (e) an increasing eluting efficacy of tetraalkylammonium ions with the length of their alkyl substituents. The hydrophobic interactions of human interferon underlie the efficiency of two-step chromatographic procedures. For example, human embryo kidney interferon can be purified about 3,600-fold by sequential chromatography on (a) concanavalin A-agarose, (b) octyl-agarose. Another two-step procedure: (a) concanavalin A-agarose, (b) L-tryptophan-agarose, gives about 10,000-fold purification. The overall recovery of interferon in both cases in close to 90%.  (+info)

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated angiogenesis is associated with enhanced endothelial cell survival and induction of Bcl-2 expression. (8/19537)

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is an endothelial cell mitogen and permeability factor that is potently angiogenic in vivo. We report here studies that suggest that VEGF potentiates angiogenesis in vivo and prolongs the survival of human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (HDMECs) in vitro by inducing expression of the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. Growth-factor-enriched and serum-deficient cultures of HDMECs grown on collagen type I gels with VEGF exhibited a 4-fold and a 1.6-fold reduction, respectively, in the proportion of apoptotic cells. Enhanced HDMEC survival was associated with a dose-dependent increase in Bcl-2 expression and a decrease in the expression of the processed forms of the cysteine protease caspase-3. Cultures of HDMECs transduced with and overexpressing Bcl-2 and deprived of growth factors showed enhanced protection from apoptosis and exhibited a twofold increase in cell number and a fourfold increase in the number of capillary-like sprouts. HDMECs overexpressing Bcl-2 when incorporated into polylactic acid sponges and implanted into SCID mice exhibited a sustained fivefold increase in the number of microvessels and a fourfold decrease in the number of apoptotic cells when examined 7 and 14 days later. These results suggest that the angiogenic activity attributed to VEGF may be due in part to its ability to enhance endothelial cell survival by inducing expression of Bcl-2.  (+info)

Skin layer lightening ointments, likewise called skin lightening lotions, are actually strategies made to make lighter skin layer pigment. They work by reducing the amount of melanin, which is actually an organic pigment made due to the skin layer tissues and identifies the different colors or even color of your skin. Melanin appears in dark-skinned individuals as well as fair individuals, and also its one of the reasons that skin acquires its color. The existence of melanin makes skin layer brighten normally as the body system seeks to take in some of its own colour coming from the sun. Because their organic skin hue doesnt appear appropriate along with the complexion or different colors they obtain coming from the sunshine, the darker skinned people possess to make use of skin making lighter products.. Reducing skin layer reducing items come in lots of kinds. Other skin layer reducing cream elements are considerably better than chemicals.. The other trait you ought to look for in skin layer ...
Human skin samples were collected from abdominoplasty surgery and facial lifts, in order to evaluate the lipolytic and anti-aging effects of the apollo device powered by TriPollar RF technology using an ex vivo human skin model. The anti-cellulite effect was evaluated by the dosage of released glycerol and histological analysis of the hypodermis. Skin tightening was evaluated by morphometric analysis of collagen fibers and the dosage of collagen synthesis.. RESULTS ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Application of a partial-thickness human ex vivo skin culture model in cutaneous wound healing study. AU - Xu, Wei. AU - Jong Hong, Seok. AU - Jia, Shengxian. AU - Zhao, Yanan. AU - Galiano, Robert D.. AU - Mustoe, Thomas A.. PY - 2012/4/1. Y1 - 2012/4/1. N2 - A number of in vivo and ex vivo skin models have been applied to human wound healing studies. A reliable skin model, which recapitulates the features of human wound repair, is essential for the clinical and mechanical investigation of human cutaneous wound healing. Full-skin ex vivo culture systems have been used in wound healing studies. However, important structures of the skin, such as the differentiation of keratinocytes and epidermis-dermis junction, are poorly characterized in this model. This study aims to develop an optimized partial-thickness human ex vivo skin culture (HESC) model to maintain human skin characteristics in vitro. During our culture, the basal layer, suprabasal layer, and stratum granulosum layer of ...
The individual, together with its environment, has been reported as the main force driving composition and structure of skin microbiota in healthy dogs. Therefore, one of the major concerns when analyzing canine skin microbiota is the likely influence of the environment. Despite the dense fur covering, certain skin diseases exhibit differential prevalence among skin sites, dog breeds, and individuals. We have characterized the normal variability of dog skin microbiota in a well-controlled cohort of a large number of Golden-Labrador Retriever crossed dogs (N = 35) with similar ages, related genetic background, and a shared environment. We found that the individual drives the skin microbiota composition and structure followed by the skin site. The main bacterial classes inhabiting dog skin in this cohort are Gammaproteobacteria and Bacilli. We also detected bacteria associated to the environment on different dog skin sites that could be reflecting the different degrees of exposure of each skin site and
Skin making lighter creams are especially developed to make lighter dark skin layer color. They function by reducing the level of melanin, which is actually the pigment made through your skin tissues and also handles the different colors of your skin layer. These creams may either be utilized by themselves or even as aspect of a skin layer lightening system. They are actually accessible in both natural as well as pharmaceutical types.. The best usual skin layer lightening items are actually those that could be located such as gels, creams, sprays and lotion. They all work by hindering melanin creation, which can bring about age spots, yellowing and darker locations of your skin. These making lighter items are actually utilized mostly as location treatments or for a lighter skin tone on the surface.. Some making lighter creams might trigger unpleasant effects like acne, photosensitivity, fast heart beat and skin layer thinning. In reality, there specify medications such as bleomycin and also ...
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Background: Chronic pain is a common occurrence for burn patients and has significant impact on quality of life. However, the etiology is not well understood. Understanding the mechanisms underlying the restoration of sensory function and the development of chronic pain after burn is critical to improving long-term outcomes. Objective: To determine whether cutaneous innervation in burn patients with chronic pain is altered when compared to patients without chronic pain. Methods: Twelve patients with unilateral injury and who reported chronic pain were recruited. Each patient underwent sensory function testing and both scar and matched site uninjured skin biopsy. Biopsies were analyzed for total nerve density and nociceptive C-fiber density using immunohistochemistry. Results were compared to a control group of 33 patients with unilateral injury and no reported long-term pain. Results: Sensory function was significantly diminished in scar compared to uninjured tissue in both study groups, but ...
A novel in vitro culture system of organotypic human skin explants interfacing with external fixator pins is presented. The system was used to observe changes in skin morphology on the skin at the pin
Synonyms for fish scale disease, fish skin disease in Free Thesaurus. Antonyms for fish scale disease, fish skin disease. 35 synonyms for fish: angle, net, cast, trawl, look (for), search, delve, ferret, rummage, fossick, seek, look for, angle for, try to get, hope for, hunt for. What are synonyms for fish scale disease, fish skin disease?
TY - JOUR. T1 - MicroRNA expression analysis of human skin fibroblasts treated with high-fluence light-emitting diode-red light. AU - Mamalis, Andrew. AU - Koo, Eugene. AU - Tepper, Clifford G. AU - Jagdeo, Jared. PY - 2019/1/1. Y1 - 2019/1/1. N2 - Skin fibrosis is a chronic debilitating feature of several skin diseases that lead to characteristic increases in dermal fibroblast proliferation and collagen deposition through upregulation in components of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-B)/SMAD pathway. In contrast to ultraviolet phototherapy, high-fluence light-emitting diode-generated red light (HF-LED-RL, 633 ± 15 nm) is a safe, economic and non-invasive therapy with in vitro evidence that supports modulation of the key cellular characteristics involved in the pathogenesis of skin fibrosis. Limited data exists pertaining to the effects of HF-LED-RL on human skin fibroblast microRNA (miRNA). Herein, we explored the effects of HF-LED-RL on fibroblast miRNA levels using RNA-seq and miRNA ...
Synonyms for intracutaneous injection at with free online thesaurus, antonyms, and definitions. Dictionary and Word of the Day.
Skin Functions, Structure and Relationship with the Body The main function of the skin, its structure and the relationship between the skin, circulatory and nervous system Draw a label diagram of the skin and describe its structures and key parts (See diagram attached) The skin is the largest organ in the human body. It has three layers; the epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous layer. The epidermis Google images (2016) The upper or outer layer of the two main layers of cells that make up the skin. The epidermis is mostly made up of flat, scale-like cells called squamous cells. These cells produce melanin, which gives the skin its colour ( 2016). The epidermis is the outmost layer of the skin, the skin we can see. This layer differs in thickness; it is thinner on the eyelids and nipples than it is on the soles of feet and palms of hands. This layer has water resistant properties and protects us from cuts and injuries. The epidermis contains the pigment melanin which gives us our skin ...
I was just diagnosed with this bug on my skin specimen, Toenails fell off and my bumps on legs still present. Nails - Answered by a verified Health Professional
branch and an active vasodilator branch [11]. Nonthermoregulatory reflexes, which include skin blood flow responses to changes in arterial and central venous pressure and exercise stresses, also operate through the two aforementioned branches of the sympathetic nervous system; however, the glabrous/ palmar skin operates only through the vasoconstrictor branch [10,11,41]. In the auto-regulation process, throughout a specific range of arterial blood pressure, steady-state blood flow is maintained at a fairly constant level [44]. Previous reports on cutaneous circulation has shown that, independent of neural control of blood flow, glabrous/palmar skin has the ability to buffer blood pressure oscillations and demonstrates a degree of dynamic auto-regulation. Conversely, nonglabrous or hairy skin has a diminished dynamic auto regulatory capacity [42]. We first tried to relate observations in the present study to some of the physiological findings reported earlier on the cutaneous responses to ...
Skin Section, 40 times full-size | Skin Models | The two halves of this skin relief model show the three layers of hairy and hairless skin in order to make clear the differences of the skin layers. This skin model features detail with hair follicles, sebaceous glands, sweat glands, receptor, nerves
Enthusiasm for diagnosis and therapy of skin disorders via skin microbiota has arisen from recent evidence that: (i) the dysbiosis of skin microbiota is not just associated with skin inflammations (39) but can be a driving factor (52), (ii) S. aureus colonization precedes the onset of AD in certain children (41, 44), (iii) commensal skin bacteria protect against pathogens (7), and (iv) recovery of skin health should require restoration of the healthy microbiota (15). However, these studies are mostly performed in a single localized and relatively homogenous cohort. However, in addition to body region and host individuality (53), the main factors affecting the skin microbiota include geographical location (54, 55). The lack of understanding of variation between healthy and diseased skin microbiota scales at different spatial dimensions, i.e., among geographically separated populations, has hindered critical assessment and exploitation of the potential of the skin microbiota as a quantitative, ...
ABSTRACT: Cleanser technology has come a long way from merely cleansing to providing mildness and moisturizing benefits as well. It is known that harsh surfactants in cleansers can cause damage to skin proteins and lipids, leading to after-wash tightness, dryness, barrier damage, irritation, and even itch. In order for cleansers to provide skin-care benefits, they first must minimize surfactant damage to skin proteins and lipids. Secondly, they must deposit and deliver beneficial agents such as occlusives, skin lipids, and humectants under wash conditions to improve skin hydration, as well as mechanical and visual properties. While all surfactants tend to interact to some degree with lipids, their interaction with proteins can vary significantly, depending upon the nature of their functional head group. In vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo studies have shown that surfactants that cause significant skin irritation interact strongly with skin proteins. Based on this understanding, several surfactants ...
Progress in tissue engineering has led to the development of technologies allowing the reconstruction of autologous tissues from the patients own cells. Thus, tissue-engineered epithelial substitutes produced from cultured skin epithelial cells undergo long-term regeneration after grafting, indicating that functional stem cells were preserved during culture and following grafting. However, these cultured epithelial sheets reconstruct only the upper layer of the skin and lack the mechanical properties associated to the connective tissue of the dermis. We have designed a reconstructed skin entirely made from human cutaneous cells comprising both the dermis and the epidermis, as well as a well-organized basement membrane by a method named the self-assembly approach. In this chapter, protocols to generate reconstructed skin and corneal epithelium suitable for grafting are described in details. The methods include extraction and culture of human skin keratinocytes, human skin fibroblasts as well as ...
Skin biopsy is one of the most important diagnostic tests for skin disorders. Punch biopsy is considered the primary technique for obtaining diagnostic full-thickness skin specimens. It requires basic general surgical and suture-tying skills and is easy to learn. The technique involves the use of a circular blade that is rotated down through the epidermis and dermis, and into the subcutaneous fat, yielding a 3- to 4-mm cylindrical core of tissue sample. Stretching the skin perpendicular to the lines of least skin tension before incision results in an elliptical-shaped wound, allowing for easier closure by a single suture. Once the specimen is obtained, caution must be used in handling it to avoid crush artifact. Punch biopsies are useful in the work-up of cutaneous neoplasms, pigmented lesions, inflammatory lesions and chronic skin disorders. Properly administered local anesthesia usually makes this a painless procedure.
The two halves of this 40 times full-size Skin Section Model show the three layers of hairy and hairless skin in order to make clear the differences of the skin layers. This Skin Section Model, 40 times full-size is manufactured by 3B Scientific and sold by GTSimulators.
The four pillars of Skin Delivery are a result of continuous conversation with the marketplace and our customers: Dermal drug delivery, Mildness, Sensory and Formulation Design. Learn more on why each pillar is crucial and plays an important role for Skin Delivery. ...
Skin making lighter creams are uniquely designed to reduce darker skin color. They function by lessening the amount of melanin, which is the pigment made by your skin tissues as well as controls the different colors of your skin. These creams may either be made use of on their own or even as part of a skin layer lightening body. They are readily available in both pharmaceutical and also organic forms.. The most popular skin layer making lighter items are actually those that may be found in the form of gels, creams, sprays and cream. They all work through hindering melanin manufacturing, which can result in grow older spots, staining and also darker regions of your skin layer. These making lighter products are actually utilized mostly as place treatments or even for a lighter skin on the face.. Some making lighter creams may lead to unpleasant effects such as acne, photosensitivity, swift heart beat and skin decreasing. The usage of a skin layer lightening cream needs to consequently be actually ...
Skin tags are harmless growths on the skin that can vary in number. They are usually the same color as your skin or slightly darker. These tiny pieces of tissue are composed of blood vessels and a type of protein fiber called collagen. They project from the surrounding skin on a thin or thick stalk. While most skin tags are small, pinhead-sized bumps, they may become as large as a grape Skin tags can develop on any part of the body, but they most commonly grow on areas of high friction or areas that are commonly rubbed, such as, neck, breasts, groin, stomach, eyelids, underarms. Males and females are equally prone to getting skin tags. However, people may be more likely to develop skin tags if they are obese, are pregnant, or have diabetes Causes--Researchers dont know exactly what causes skin tags to grow. It is believed that friction may lead to the development of skin tags. The growths commonly occur in areas where skin constantly rubs against clothing or other skin, such as near yo ...
Before the treatment the area of the treatment is specially prepared by the doctor, and after the treatment it is protected by dressing. The period of recovery is 6 days - during this time a patient should abandon their daily routine and take a leave. During this period the epidermis will exfoliate and the skin will regenerate.. During the treatment the skin layers are destroyed to their reticular region. During the Easy Phen treatment the following skin layers are damaged: epidermis, stratum corneum, stratum granulosum, stratum spinosum, stratum basale and papillary dermis - it should be mentioned that at the dermatologic centre Fabskin the treatment is carried out by a medical specialist, which guarantees that the treatment is safe. These damages are controlled and help get rid of wrinkles, scars, skin discolorations and sun damages of the skin. Phenol used for the treatment allows penetration inside the skin, at the same time there is no necessity to use anesthesia. Phenol is an active ...
An automatic apparatus for testing cutaneous responses of a patient is disclosed. The embodiments of the invention variously include components for: applying a nonambient temperature to the patients skin to test the patients response to thermal stimuli; pricking the patients skin to test the patients response to pain; indenting the patients skin to test the patients response to touch; vibrating the patients skin to test the patients response to vibration; and for making two spaced apart contacts with the patients skin to test the patients two point discrimination response. A general purpose computer and dedicated control circuits function to control the operation of the system and record the responses of the patient. The embodiments of the present invention are able to repeatedly reproduce each test so that the tests carried out are reproducible and accomplished in a minimum of time.
View Notes - Chapter 19 from BIO 119 at Moraine Valley Community College. Chapter 19 Microbial Diseases of the Skin and Wounds Structure of the Skin Functions of the skin Prevents excessive water
With her always-glowing skin and radiant smile, its hard to believe that actress Jennifer Aniston turned 50 earlier this year. So how does the actress keep her skin in tip-top condition while balancing a hectic schedule? Recently in an interview with the Los Angeles Times, the actress revealed that her healthy skin and radiant glow is a combination of various things including her lifestyle, skincare and good genes. I inherited good skin from my dad, the actress admitted. Aniston also offered the following tips for keeping skin youthful and healthy.. Balance Your Biome The importance of the skins microbiome has been in the spotlight in recent months and it appears that Aniston is a proponent of caring for the microbiome. The whole thing is fascinating to me, said Aniston. The actress likes to try and use products that contain probiotics which can help keep the skins microbiome in balance, and in turn, promote healthy and resilient skin. Find out why the skins microbiome is so important ...
Purpose: To investigate the effect of the tissue origin of stromal fibroblasts and epithelial cells on reconstructed corneas in vitro. Methods: Four types of constructs were produced by the self-assembly approach using the following combinations of human cells: corneal fibroblasts/corneal epithelial cells, corneal fibroblasts/skin epithelial cells, skin fibroblasts/corneal epithelial cells, skin fibroblasts/skin epithelial cells. Fibroblasts were cultured with ascorbic acid to produce stromal sheets on which epithelial cells were cultured. After 2 weeks at the air-liquid interface, the reconstructed tissues were photographed, absorption spectra were measured, and tissues were fixed for histologic analysis. Cytokine expression in corneal- or skin-fibroblast-conditioned media was determined with the use of protein array membranes. The effect of culturing reconstructed tissues with conditioned media, or media supplemented with a cytokine secreted mainly by corneal fibroblasts, was determined. ...
40 Minutes Potato Facial That Can Change Your Whole Skin This is a 100% natural facial that will give you an instant glow and will remove ...
For as much time that people put into making their skin look good, the act of promoting skin health is completely overlooked. The skin is an essential organ to the body, and luckily the skin is naturally able to build new cells and repair itself. The introduction of chemicals to the skin can speed up the rate at which cells die, and this can weaken the skin. The skin is an important factor to the immune system, because it helps to keep harmful pathogens from entering the body. Weakened skin can allow pathogens into the body where they may cause internal damage. The skin also protects the body from the suns rays, and it helps to promote a healthy body temperature. Skin is also important to how the body interacts with its environment, and it helps to trigger reactions to pain and pressure changes.. The skin carries out important jobs, but many people actively damage their skin on a daily basis. Many of the cosmetic and beauty products that are used to make the skin look good or youthful actually ...
Фотобанк РОСФОТО - микросток с более чем 250 миллионов профессиональных фотографий, иллюстраций, векторов, видео, музыки для рекламы, дизайна, полиграфии, интерьера, печати, СМИ по самым минимальным ценам в России! Самая крупная коллекция фото.. Scar on human skin, keloid from appendectomy and hysterectomy
Viruses, bacteria and fungi are some of the infectious agents that can cause a skin infection. Sometimes the skin rash is a result of a systemic infection, as may be seen with chickenpox and measles. At other times the rash may be localized to the skin as is more common with bacteria and fungi.. Bacterial infections often tend to be the more serious as it can spread and lead to even life-threatening conditions. These bacterial infections may affect only the superficial layers (impetigo) or extend to underlying tissue (cellulitis). Most of the time there is a break in the skin that allows the bacteria to infect the area.. Fungi tend to cause superficial skin infections and are usually do not progress to any serious complications. These infections are often referred to a ringworm because the specific fungi that are responsible tend to cause a ring-like rash. Sometimes yeasts may also be responsible for abdominal skin infections.. ...
In fact, used regularly, It assists to regenerate the skins younger looking properties. Applying aloevera is useful through winter and summertime. In winter, It assists to help remedy dryness and conserve the soft texture in the skin. In summer, it soothes your skin layer, especially after sun-exposure. It also moisturises your skin layer, without making your skin layer oily. aloevera can also be combined with face masks. Take one tablespoon besan, one teaspoon every one of orange peel powdered ingredients and curd the other table spoon aloevera gel. Blend together and apply for the skin, washing it off after a half-hour. Its an effective moisturiser and for that reason helps in dry out skin problems. It assists to moisturise your skin layer and seal off the losing of moisture. It softens your skin layer and helps to take out dead skin cellular material. It also soothes your skin layer in cases involving sun damage or sun burn. If used often, It assists for you to preserve the skins younger ...
Murads Acne Control Skin Perfecting Lotion helps blemish-prone skin stay clear, smooth and healthy by providing oil-free hydration.
In the last few decades, autoimmune diseases have become a major clinical burden. The reasons for this are manifold, including (i) increasing incidence; (ii) the lack of therapies that target the underlying cause of the specific disease in question and (iii) the high rate of adverse events due to prolonged, unspecific immunosuppression. The skin is one of the largest organs of the human body and several autoimmune diseases manifest at the skin. These include skin-specific autoimmune diseases and cutaneous manifestations of systemic autoimmune diseases. Furthermore, with the recent success of immune checkpoint therapy in cancer, immune-mediated adverse effects on the skin following immune checkpoint inhibitor blockade treatment are becoming an additional challenge. Diseases that have been clearly defined as autoimmune diseases of the skin include vitiligo, scleroderma, pemphigus and pemphigoid diseases. Interestingly, recent evidence also indicates that other chronic inflammatory skin diseases and
When you workout, you increase your bodys ability to deliver more nutrients to your cells, whichfeeds the skins fibroblast cells that create skin tightening collagen.. So, while youre sculpting a stronger core, you can also be tightening the skin on your stomach. Its a win-win!. Do you need surgery?. Almost never. You almost neverneedsurgery to remove loose skin, unless it is causing major health issues, like making it difficult for you to move, or causing constant chafing thats resulting in infections. However, you may want surgery to remove loose skin that just isnt bouncing back as much as youd like. It happens.. Your skin is like a rubber band: you can only stretch it so much and so far before it becomes permanently warped. While a womans skin will stretch considerably during a full-term pregnancy, her skin will almost always retreat to taut form after a year, max. However, if a woman has multiple pregnancies close together, especially later in her life, the skin on her stomach may ...
Scavenger Receptor B1 (SR-B1), also known as HDL receptor, is involved in cellular cholesterol uptake. Stratum corneum (SC), the outermost layer of the skin, is composed of more than 25% cholesterol. Several reports support the view that alteration of SC lipid composition may be the cause of impaired barrier function which gives rise to several skin diseases. For this reason the regulation of the genes involved in cholesterol uptake is of extreme significance for skin health. Being the first shield against external insults, the skin is exposed to several noxious substances and among these is cigarette smoke (CS), which has been recently associated with various skin pathologies. In this study we first have shown the presence of SR-B1 in murine and human skin tissue and then by using immunoblotting, immunoprecipitation, RT-PCR, and confocal microscopy we have demonstrated the translocation and the subsequent lost of SR-B1 in human keratinocytes (cell culture model) after CS exposure is driven by ...
Shingles symptoms are seen when the virus named varicella- zoster reinvades or gets reactivated in the body of a person. It is the same virus that causes the disease of chickenpox. The symptoms of this disease vary in each person.. Let us have a look at some common and early shingles symptoms. Early symptoms of shingles. • Upset abdomen. • Fevers and chills. • Swelling of the lymph nodes. • Feeling of sickness. • Swelling of the tender lymph nodes. • Severe headaches. • Sensations of burning on the skin. • Excessive itchiness. • Pain in the affected skin areas. • Sensitivity of the skin towards light. Moving away from shingles, we take a look at the various types of skin cancer that can invade the human body. Skin cancers are extensively diverse. The type of skin cancer that affects a person depends on the type of skin cells of that person, from which the cancer arises. Each skin cancer appears distinctly on the superficial skin lining of the bearer.. Some of the types of ...
In human skin tissue model studies at PNNL, researchers showed that ionizing radiation such as that from a CT scan is sufficient to alter genes in two cell layers.
Oil can benefit your skin and your hair. If done properly it can heal dry skin and moisturize your skin to alleviate the itchiness that results from dry skin.|Oil can benefit your skin and your hair. If done properly it can heal dry skin and moisturize your skin to alleviate the itchiness that results from dry skin.|Oil can benefit your skin and your hair. If done properly it can heal dry skin and moisturize your skin to alleviate the itchiness that results from dry skin.|Oil can benefit your skin and your hair. If done properly it can heal dry skin and moisturize your skin to alleviate the itchiness that results from dry skin.
Fish Skin Large are dehydrated sections approx 7-12 long and 7-12cm wide. Sizes and shapes of each pieces will vary. They are designed to be a longer lasting chew for medium to large size dogs. Being flat they are easy to grab hold of and chew.. Fish is full of naturally occurring Omega 3 and 6 oils so great for making coats shiny.. They are a great treat to help assist with your pets dental health due to the strong chewy skin.. Chewing rate will depend on your dog.. Number of pieces in each pack may vary, however as a guide: 200g packs - approx 5-7 pieces, 500g packs approx 11-13 pieces.. Ingredients: 100% Fish Skin.. No Preservatives or additives.. Product of Australia. Made in Australia. ...
As our age goes up, the nature of our skin decays and it will wind up dull and dry. Your skins common hyaluronic corrosive, a normally hydrating substance that keeps skin delicate and smooth, lessens and collagen and different strands that reason versatility will crumble. Therefore, your skin winds up dry, harsh, dull and less flexible. Gradually almost negligible differences and wrinkles show up all over. Medicines with botox skin promoters lift skins hydration and improve the surface, versatility, laxity of your skin.. These skin sponsors contain hyaluronic corrosive that can give your skin a characteristic brilliance by improving skins hydration framework. They will make your skin brilliant, smooth and delicate. Likewise, these skin sponsors contain nutrients, minerals, and enemies of oxidants. They will feed your skin and make it sound. So your skin will turn out to be increasingly versatile and firmer. These supporters can likewise treat skin inflammation scarring.. How does Skin ...
A wonderful skin treatment, it gives you all those benefits and a lot more. It is equally effective on your hair and even your nails. Consider using argan oil for skin care if you have wrinkles, scars and other skin problems that you want to be taken care of. Results of this great oil can be so overwhelming even if you use just a few drops of it everyday.If your blessed with the perfect look then consider yourself very lucky. Many of us have to work at it more than others. Fortunately, there are many very inexpensive ingredients that will help everyone look good and have beautiful skin. If were going to use natural ingredients for our skin care regimen, then we should be totally aware of our skin type and thus not end up using the wrong natural skin care products. Here are some great tips for various skin types as well as recipes for face masks.Skin care tips for normal skin.If you happen to be one of the lucky ones who have normal skin then count your blessings. This group hardly has any skin ...
A free platform for explaining your research in plain language, and managing how you communicate around it - so you can understand how best to increase its impact.
A healthy diet is essential to the health of your body, but its also essential to the health of your skin. A variety of nutrients, including protein, antioxidants, vitamins and collagen can help improve the way your skin looks. Healthy skin is easily recognizable because its usually glowing. Here are some nutrients to consume for healthy, glowing skin.. Nutrition for Skin Health. Eat Protein. A diet low in protein, over the course of many months, can cause a loss in skin tone. Your skin may start to sag and wrinkle beyond what would be reasonable for chronological age. Proteins are essential for tissue repair and the construction of new tissue. Cells need protein to maintain their life, so the body uses protein to replace worn-out or dead skin cells. Including proteins in your diet from sources like chicken, meat, fish, soy or tofu will help you solve that concern. Meal replacement protein shakes are also great options for protein consumption.. Importance of Antioxidants and Vitamins While ...
The results of this study suggest that IL-10 promotes the development of a Th2 response to antigen and is essential for skin infiltration with eosinophils in a mouse model of allergic dermatitis.. IL-10 can be expressed by both keratinocytes and cells of hemopoietic origin that are present in the skin, including DCs, macrophages, mast cells, and lymphocytes (2, 37). Our investigation was prompted by the observation that IL-10 mRNA is rapidly expressed in mouse skin following mechanical injury by tape stripping (Figure 1). This result is consistent with previous findings in human skin subjected to tape stripping (29). Dermal infiltration with eosinophils is an important feature of AD and a hallmark of allergic skin inflammation induced by EC sensitization with OVA (30). Skin from IL-10-/- mice failed to exhibit eosinophil infiltration following EC sensitization with OVA (Figure 2a). This is not due to poor survival of eosinophils, since there was virtually no detectable staining for the ...
T-2 toxin induced skin inflammation and cutaneous injury in mice. - Mona Agrawal, Preeti Yadav, Vinay Lomash, A S B Bhaskar, P V Lakshmana Rao
MDM-2 is one of the target genes of the p53 tumor suppressor protein. Its best characterized function is found in the inhibition of p53s ability to modulate transcription. Deregulated expression of MDM-2 could thus at least partially substitute for p53 mutation in the process of tumorigenesis. We show here that MDM-2 is highly expressed in biopsies of normal human skin or in vitro reconstituted human skin. The protein is detected in the nucleus of keratinocytes throughout the different layers of the epidermis and in reconstituted skin as early as the two to three cell layer stage. The 90 kiloDalton (kD) protein is one of the major forms detected in Western blot experiments. MDM-2 is detected in skin reconstituted from keratinocytes in which p53 is inactivated by mutation or degradation by E6 protein, providing evidence that MDM-2 expression in the skin can occur in the absence of wild type p53. Moreover, we found no correlation between the p53 status and MDM-2 expression levels in a series of ...
AppliedStemCell eCommerce Platform Human Skin Cells (Dermal Fibroblasts) cDNA (DT1) [ASD-9041] - Catalog Number ASD-9041 Quantity 20 reactions Product Information Description Applied StemCells cDNA is synthesized from a highly pure and intact total
Skins[edit]. Audacious has full support for Winamp 2 skins, and as of version 1.2, some free-form skinning is possible. Winamp ... Audacious 1.x allows the user to adjust the RGB color balance of any skin, effectively making a basic white skin equivalent to ... The program can use Windows Bitmap (.bmp) graphics from the Winamp archive, although native skins for Linux are usually ... wsz skin files, a type of Zip archive, can be used directly, or can be unarchived to individual directories. ...
... (SSSS) is a dermatological condition caused by Staphylococcus aureus. ... This is sometimes confirmed by isolation of S. aureus from blood, mucous membranes, or skin biopsy; however, these are often ... Skin biopsy may show separation of the superficial layer of the epidermis (intraepidermal separation), differentiating SSSS ... Mockenhaupt M, Idzko M, Grosber M, Schöpf E, Norgauer J (April 2005). "Epidemiology of staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome in ...
Skin[edit]. The most common side effects are mucocutaneous: dry lips, skin and nose. Other common mucocutaneous side effects ... The dose may need to be decreased to reduce the severity of these side effects.[33] The skin becomes more fragile-especially to ... It is also used to prevent certain skin cancers (squamous-cell carcinoma), and in the treatment of other cancers. It is used to ... Wachter K (2009). "Isotretinoin's Mechanism of Action Explored". Skin & Allergy News. 40 (11): 32. doi:10.1016/S0037-6337(09) ...
Skin[edit]. Thick, elastic and closely fitting. No flabs apart from a slight dewlap along the lower (ventral) part of the neck ...
Bacterial skin infection may occur due to skin break down from scratching.[5][11] Systemic poisoning may occur if the bites are ... Skin[edit]. Individual responses to bites vary, ranging from no visible effect (in about 20-70%),[5][3] to small macular spots ... The signs left by the bites are the same as in case of people and cause identical symptoms (skin irritation, scratching etc).[ ... 2006). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: clinical Dermatology. Saunders Elsevier. p. 446. ISBN 978-0-7216-2921-6.. .mw-parser- ...
"Effect of Olive and Sunflower Seed Oil on the Adult Skin Barrier: Implications for Neonatal Skin Care". Pediatric Dermatology. ... Skin care[edit]. Olive oil has a long history of being use as a home skincare remedy. Egyptians used it alongside beeswax as a ... Besides food, olive oil has been used for religious rituals, medicines, as a fuel in oil lamps, soap-making, and skin care ... Applying olive oil to the skin does not help prevent or reduce stretch marks.[53] ...
Their skins were exposed to harmful ultraviolet rays that had previously been absorbed by the water. The skin changed to become ... Their skin contains little keratin and lacks scales, apart from a few fish-like scales in certain caecilians. The skin contains ... 1968). "Investigations on the skin toxin of the adult rough-skinned newt, Taricha granulosa". Copeia. 1968 (2): 307-313. doi: ... Amphibian skin is permeable to water. Gas exchange can take place through the skin (cutaneous respiration) and this allows ...
Skin injuries[edit]. Cyanoacrylate adhesives may adhere to body parts, and injuries may occur when parts of the skin are torn ... Cyanoacrylate may also be a skin irritant, causing an allergic skin reaction. The American Conference of Governmental ... In the US, due to its potential to irritate the skin, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) did not approve its use as a ... "Topical skin adhesives. DermNet NZ". Retrieved 2016-06-29.. ...
Skin depigmentation[edit]. Hydroquinone is used as a topical application in skin whitening to reduce the color of skin. It does ... "Clear N Smooth Skin Toning Cream recalled". Retrieved 4 April 2018.. *^ a b United States Food and Drug Administration (2006). ... a disfiguring disease in which blue-black pigments are deposited onto the skin; however, skin preparations containing the ... While using hydroquinone as a lightening agent can be effective with proper use, it can also cause skin sensitivity. Using a ...
Skin[edit]. For a small number of people, taking aspirin can result in symptoms resembling an allergic reaction, including ... Aspirin and other NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen, may delay the healing of skin wounds.[104] Aspirin may however help heal venous ... Aspirin can induce swelling of skin tissues in some people. In one study, angioedema appeared one to six hours after ingesting ... or acute skin irritation.[25] As with other NSAIDs, combinations of aspirin and caffeine provide slightly greater pain relief ...
"In the dark: what is behind India's obsession with skin whitening?".. *^ "Skin whitening big business in Asia". Public Radio ... where British officials consistently demeaned dark-skinned Indians and favored light-skinned Indians for jobs over dark-skinned ... Skin-lightening creams are popular in Pakistan, especially among women.[19] Many ads feature light-skin models in good light ... This precise and repeatable test of skin color revealed that white women experience skin color discrimination in education at ...
... skin is caused by melanin, a natural pigment which is produced within the skin in cells called melanocytes. Skin ... Brown skin[edit]. A majority of people in the world have skin that is a shade of brown, from a very light honey brown or a ... Natural skin color can darken as a result of tanning due to exposure to sunlight. The leading theory is that skin color adapts ... Skin color and race are not the same; many people classified as "white" or "black" actually have skin that is a shade of brown ...
Expression in skin tissue[edit]. Both HSP70 and HSP47 were shown to be expressed in dermis and epidermis following laser ...
For skin. The latest threat to endangered Asia elephants is high and increasing demand for elephant skin.[61] The skin is used ... Skin colour is usually grey, and may be masked by soil because of dusting and wallowing. Their wrinkled skin is movable and ... Gosling, Justin (April 2018). Skinned; The growing appetite for Asian elephants (PDF). London: Elephant Family. p. 1. Retrieved ... Skin temperature varies from 24 to 32.9 °C (75.2 to 91.2 °F). Body temperature averages 35.9 °C (96.6 °F).[4] ...
Skin. As many as 70% of people with lupus have some skin symptoms. The three main categories of lesions are chronic cutaneous ( ... Micrograph of a section of human skin prepared for direct immunofluorescence using an anti-IgG antibody. The skin is from a ... Direct immunofluorescence can detect deposits of immunoglobulins and complement proteins in the people's skin. When skin not ... Diseases of the skin including the Exanthemata (Vol. 1 ed.). London, England: The New Sydenham Society. pp. 114-116.. ...
Skin[edit]. Rash, including rare cases of erythema multiforme and rare cases of hair loss and vasculitis have been seen.[15] ...
13.4 Medicines affecting skin differentiation and proliferation. *13.5 Scabicides and pediculicides. *14 Diagnostic agents * ...
Diseases of the skin include skin infections and skin neoplasms (including skin cancer).[28] ... The two main types of human skin are glabrous skin, the nonhairy skin on the palms and soles (also referred to as the " ... Layer of skin involved[edit]. Main article: Integumentary system. The skin weighs an average of 4 kg (8.8 lb), covers an area ... Main article: Epidermis (skin). The epidermis is the most superficial layer of skin, a squamous epithelium with several strata ...
Skin[edit]. Cats possess rather loose skin; this allows them to turn and confront a predator or another cat in a fight, even ... The particularly loose skin at the back of the neck is known as the scruff, and is the area by which a mother cat grips her ... The fold of skin forming a pouch on the lower posterior part of the ear, known as Henry's pocket, is usually prominent in a ... Cat's skin has the same color as the fur but the color of the nose leather is probably dictated by a dedicated gene. Cats with ...
Besides skin care, skin protection, and an external treatment, severe and chronic cases of hand eczema often also require ... Due to possible risks such as premature skin aging or chronic light damage caused to the skin, phototherapy cannot be ... Activities that are stressful for the skin or involve repeated, excessive contact with water or skin-irritating substances at ... James W, Berger T, Elston D (2005). Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology (10th ed.). Saunders. ISBN 0-7216-2921- ...
... flour and skins[edit]. Almond flour or ground almond meal combined with sugar or honey as marzipan is often used as a ... Almonds contain polyphenols in their skins consisting of flavonols, flavan-3-ols, hydroxybenzoic acids and flavanones[51] ... Liu Z, Lin X, Huang G, Zhang W, Rao P, Ni L (2014). "Prebiotic effects of almonds and almond skins on intestinal microbiota in ... These phenolic compounds and almond skin prebiotic dietary fiber have commercial interest as food additives or dietary ...
Skin friction. Main article: Parasitic drag. Skin friction arises from the interaction between the fluid and the skin of the ... Skin friction is caused by viscous drag in the boundary layer around the object. There are two ways to decrease skin friction: ... Skin friction is a component of drag, the force resisting the motion of a fluid across the surface of a body. ... Skin friction follows the drag equation and rises with the square of the velocity. ...
... and increased wrinkling of the skin and a reduction in skin elasticity, firmness, and strength.[23][24] These skin changes ... Skin health[edit]. The estrogen receptor, as well as the progesterone receptor, have been detected in the skin, including in ... These benefits include increased skin collagen content, skin thickness and elasticity, and skin hydration and surface lipids.[ ... decreased ground substance between skin fibers, and reduced capillaries and blood flow.[23][24] The skin also becomes more dry ...
Skin avulsions[edit]. The most common avulsion injury, skin avulsions usually occur during motor vehicle collisions. The ... In rock climbing, a "flapper" is an injury in which parts of the skin are torn off, resulting in a loose flap of skin on the ... Skin grafting. References[edit]. *^ "Avulsion". The Free Dictionary. Retrieved 14 March 2013.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{ ... Jeng, S.F., & Wei, F.C. (1997, May). Classification and reconstructive options in foot plantar skin avulsion injuries. Plastic ...
"Melanoma Skin Cancer". American Cancer Society. American Cancer Society. Retrieved 5 July 2017.. ...
... is a long-term skin condition characterized by patches of the skin losing their pigment.[1] The patches of skin ... Skin with vitiligo, when exposed to a blacklight, will glow blue. In contrast, healthy skin will have no reaction.[citation ... If the affected person is pale-skinned, the patches can be made less visible by avoiding tanning of unaffected skin.[22] ... When skin lesions occur, they are most prominent on the face, hands and wrists.[6][7] The loss of skin pigmentation is ...
Rabbit-skin glue[edit]. Rabbit-skin glue is more flexible when dry than typical hide glues. It is used in the sizing or priming ... Specific types include hide glue, bone glue, fish glue, rabbit-skin glue. ... These protein colloid glues are formed through hydrolysis of the collagen from skins, bones, tendons, and other tissues, ... Other aspects, such as difficulty of storage in a wet state, requirement for fresh raw materials (the animal skin cannot be ...
For the skin[edit]. emollients, anti-pruritics, antifungals, disinfectants, scabicides, pediculicides, tar products, vitamin A ...
Skin diseases[edit]. Main article: Occupational skin diseases. Occupational skin diseases are ranked among the top five ... atopic skin diathesis, and anatomic region exposed.[10] Another occupational skin disease is Glove related hand urticaria. It ... a b HSE (Health and Safety Executive of Great Britain) Skin at work Retrieved on June 20, 2009 ... Contact dermatitis due to irritation is inflammation of the skin which results from a contact with an irritant.[4] It has been ...
... flour and skins[edit]. Almond flour or ground almond meal combined with sugar or honey as marzipan is often used as a ... Almonds contain polyphenols in their skins consisting of flavonols, flavan-3-ols, hydroxybenzoic acids and flavanones[41] ... The oil is good for application to the skin as an emollient, and has been traditionally used by massage therapists to lubricate ... Liu Z, Lin X, Huang G, Zhang W, Rao P, Ni L (2014). "Prebiotic effects of almonds and almond skins on intestinal microbiota in ...
Sleep deprived women show signs of premature skin aging and a decrease in their skins ability to recover after sun exposure," ... "This research shows for the first time, that poor sleep quality can accelerate signs of skin aging and weaken the skins ... Researchers evaluated the womens skin and conducted a variety of skin challenge tests including ones involving UV light ... Now heres another good reason to get enough sleep: sleep deprivation also could cause your skin to age faster, according to a ...
Inner skin *Do dogs sweat? *Skin diseases *Skin parasites *Immune deficiencies *Skin, skin, glorious skin Introduction. Skin is ... Skin, skin, glorious skin. Healthy skin is a reflection of the general health of the dog. A bright, shiny coat, smooth skin, ... Canine skin. Skin: Protection from the whimsies and weapons of the environment. *Introduction * ... In short, skin is a wonderful invention.. Skin comes in three layers: epidermis, dermis, and panniculus. The epidermis is the ...
... rays can help keep your skin healthy and lower your chances of getting skin cancer in the future. Most people get at least some ... Skin Cancer Prevention Program Now Used in 90 Nevada Schools. *Free Sunscreen Dispensers in Vermont State Parks Help Visitors ... People burn or tan depending on their skin type, the time of year, and how long they are exposed to UV rays. ... The Surgeon Generals Call to Action to Prevent Skin Cancerplus icon *Related Resources ...
Learn about the kinds of skin cancer and the 3 types of UV light. ... homeSkin Cancer. *Basic Informationplus icon *What Is Skin ... Over time, UV damage adds up, leading to changes in skin texture, premature skin aging, and sometimes skin cancer. UV rays also ... The skin is the bodys largest organ. Skin has several layers, but the two main layers are the epidermis (upper or outer layer ... Melanin is the pigment that gives skin its color. When skin is exposed to the sun, melanocytes make more pigment and cause the ...
The adjective cutaneous means "of the skin" (from Latin cutis, skin). In mammals, the skin is an organ of the integumentary ... The density of skin flora depends on region of the skin. The disinfected skin surface gets recolonized from bacteria residing ... For skin in humans, see human skin. For other uses, see Skin (disambiguation). ... Skin of a different nature exists in amphibians, reptiles, and birds.[1] All mammals have some hair on their skin, even marine ...
Larger defects may require repair with a skin graft, local skin flap, pedicled skin flap, or a microvascular free flap. Skin ... Skin grafting is patching of a defect with skin that is removed from another site in the body. The skin graft is sutured to the ... Tumors: Skin neoplasm, skin appendages / Adnexal and skin appendage (C44.L40-L68/D23.L15-49, 173/216) ... These include changes in the skin that do not heal, ulcering in the skin, discolored skin, and changes in existing moles, such ...
Need some help with your skin! We are here to help. Please be as detailed as possible so we can give you the best ... On a scale of 1 to 10 how well do you think your skin care products are helping with the concerns you listed? * ... On a scale of 1-10 how would you rate the overall health and appearance of your skin? * ... What would you like your skin to be on a scale of 1-10? * ... Current Skin Care Routine. Please answer the following as ...
... , Getting the Facts and Preventing It Lauren Dansereau MS ANP Health Educator Western New England College ... It is the skins response and defense to UV rays exposure. Skin responds by producing melanin, a pigment that darkens the skin ... 5. Skin Cancer Types They are named for the skin cell types that become cancerous Squamous and Basal Cell are the most common ... Skin Cancer * 1. Skin Cancer, Getting the Facts and Preventing It Lauren Dansereau MS ANP Health Educator Western New England ...
Learn what to look for and how to manage skin problems. ... can cause skin changes and problems including dry skin, ... Changes in Skin Color Changes in the skin can be due to tumor growth, sun exposure, or the side effects of treatment. A person ... Dry Skin Dry skin can be rough, flaky, red, and sometimes painful. Its often caused by not having enough oil and water in the ... Skin Rash A skin rash is a common side effect of certain types of cancer treatments. Rashes usually develop within a few weeks ...
... Quick! Whats the bodys biggest organ?. You might be surprised to find out its the skin, which you might not think ... Skin Can Warm and Cool You. Your skin can help if youre feeling too hot or too cold. Your blood vessels, hair, and sweat ... Without skin, peoples muscles, bones, and organs would be hanging out all over the place. Skin holds everything together. It ... Unlike other organs (like your lungs, heart, and brain), your skin likes a good washing. When you wash your skin, use water and ...
... sensitive skin is commonly, and somewhat vaguely, used to describe a number of transient and unpleasant sensations. What ... Table 2. Main neurological differential diagnoses for sensitive skin.. Factor. Sensitive skin. Small-fiber neuropathies. ... Table 1. Differences between rosacea flushes and sensitive skin.. Factor. Sensitive skin. Rosacea. ... Wounds, skin fragility. None. None. Associated subjective symptoms. None. Sensory deficit. Sensory deficit. Sensory deficit. ...
Australias luxury natural skin brand that uniquely features handmade fresh plant extracts. Simplicite products n... ... Love your skin mid-50s - use nutritive skin care! - Duration: 111 seconds.. *330 views ... Take years off your skin with all natural plant based ingredients - Duration: 90 seconds.. *160 views ... Why top quality ingredients are essential in natural skin care - Duration: 72 seconds.. *201 views ...
The skinscope allows you to see the health of your skin on a deeper level. It shows level of hydration, pigmentation, and ... Nichols uses The Skin Scope to show what lies beneath. - Duration: 1:13. NicholsMD of Greenwich Dermatology 1,664 views ... Introducing the Skin Scanner - Massage Envy Spa Edina - Duration: 2:00. Massage Envy Edina 2,803 views ... Skin Analysis Procedure - - Duration: 3:11. Bizzibox Films 27,787 views ...
Our mission at Lotus Skin Care Studio is to help you achieve optimal skin health and enhance your well-being by providing ... Your skin is your bodys largest organ. Taking care of it is a necessity, not a luxury. ... and bring harmony back to the skin, body, and mind. ... whole plant organic skin care. All of our facials are ...
Skin infections can be caused by bacteria, virus, fungus, or parasites. Impetigo is a type among kids. Shingles is a ... Some skin infections cover a small area on the top of your skin. Other infections can go deep into your skin or spread to a ... Skin Biopsy (National Library of Medicine) Also in Spanish * Skin Rashes and Other Problems (American Academy of Family ... Fungal Skin Infections (Merck & Co., Inc.) Also in Spanish * Skin Rashes and Other Problems (American Academy of Family ...
Using a skin care range designed for oily skin types when your skin is not classified as oily can dehydrate the skin further ... Avoid mixing skin care products.  Use professional skin care products designed for your skin. (See our Womens and Mens skin ... dehydrated skin causing skin sensitivity  Extreme climates  Harsh and/or incorrect skin care products used on the skin.  Hot ... The use of good skin care products suited to your skin type.  Be gentle with your skin  Avoid using granular facial scrubs ( ...
3M makes products that make a real impact in your everyday life. Our products have made driving at night easier, buildings safer materials lighter, faster and better for a better planet.
Prevent dry skin. Scratching dry or itchy skin can open it up and allow infection to set in. Moisturize your skin to prevent ... Good skin care. There are several things you can do to prevent skin problems:. *Keep your diabetes well managed. People with ... Keep skin clean and dry. *Avoid very hot baths and showers. If your skin is dry, dont use bubble baths. Moisturizing soaps may ... Skin Complications. Diabetes can affect every part of the body, including the skin. In fact, such problems are sometimes the ...
... smoother skin? Laser skin rejuvenation offers real results and the ability to wipe away sun damage, discoloration, wrinkles and ... Laser Skin Rejuvenation Are you looking for younger, smoother skin? Laser skin rejuvenation offers real results and the ability ... laser skin resurfacing offers the best and most dramatic results for overall skin rejuvenation. Learn more about laser skin ... Trust your skin and health to an OHSU provider. Knowing what laser is the most appropriate to use can only occur when your ...
Hair and nails are actually modified types of skin. ... Our skin protects the network of tissues, muscles, bones, ... Skin Cells and Layers. The upper layer of our skin, the epidermis, is the tough, protective outer layer. It is about as thick ... Our skin can also respond to situations and emotions: Muscles in the skin called erector pili contract to make the hairs on our ... Your skin is your largest organ. If the skin of a typical 150-pound (68-kilogram) adult male were stretched out flat, it would ...
Rare lymphomas that start in the skin are called skin lymphomas (or cutaneous lymphomas). ... Lymphoma of the Skin Causes, Risk Factors, and Prevention. Learn about the risk factors for lymphoma of the skin and what you ... Lymphoma of the Skin Early Detection, Diagnosis, and Staging. Know the signs and symptoms of lymphoma of the skin. Find out how ... Treating Lymphoma of the Skin. If you are facing lymphoma of the skin, we can help you learn about the treatment options and ...
Description Skin lesions can be grouped into two categories: primary and secondary. ... Skin Lesions Definition A skin lesion is a superficial growth or patch of the skin that does not resemble the area surrounding ... A specialized skin cell that produces melanin, a dark pigment (color) found in skin.. Rash: A spotted pink or red skin ... Skin Lesions. Definition. A skin lesion is a superficial growth or patch of the skin that does not resemble the area ...
This review summarizes the damaging effects of obesity on the skin. ... Obesity is associated with a number of skin conditions, including psoriasis, cutaneous infections, vascular disorders and ... Psoriasis and other common skin problems are discussed in the context of obesity. ...
Check out Skin Solutionss events, learn more, or contact this organizer. ... Skin Solutions is using Eventbrite to organize upcoming events. ...
Thin Skin. Deserts fragile crust takes millennia to form but only moments to destroy. ... an ailing boy gets new skin, kleptopredation and more. ...
Definition Skin grafting is a surgical procedure in which skin or a skin substitute is placed over a burn or non-healing wound ... Purpose A skin graft is used to permanently replace damaged or missing skin or to provide a temporary wound covering. ... Skin grafting. Definition. Skin grafting is a surgical procedure in which skin or a skin substitute is placed over a burn or ... Skin Grafting. Definition. Skin grafting is a surgical procedure by which skin or skin substitute is placed over a burn or non- ...
The primary care provider will commonly see skin and soft tissue infections in the outpatient setting. Skin and soft tissue ... Skin Infections.. Clebak KT1, Malone MA2.. Author information. 1. Department of Family and Community Medicine, Penn State ... Bacterial, fungal, and Viral skin infections; Bullous impetigo; Cellulitis; Erysipelas; Impetigo; Methicillin-resistant ...
Skin disease - Appearance: Skin diseases in which there is an overproduction of epidermal cells or a disorganization of their ... There are relatively few skin diseases in which inflammation, including responses to physical injury (such ... a term used to describe a thickening of the epidermis in which the normal surface markings of the skin are greatly exaggerated ... Hereditary skin diseases. The formation of almost all components of the skin (for example, hair texture and colour and skin ...
SKIN doesnt get any respect. We heedlessly scratch, scrape and bruise it, and intentionally scorch it in the summer sun in our ... Plus, the skin that forms is not as strong or durable as real skin and can be painful long after the initial injury has healed ... Artificial skins are only used when sufficient quantities of such skin grafts arent available, such as when someone sustains ... Even so, can artificial skin ever hope to come close?. To be sure, some artificial skin products already exist, and have been ...
I think in essence you have an allergic skin reaction, triggered by your recent infection and you should be taking a non- ... Skin infection. I think in essence you have an allergic skin reaction, triggered by your recent infection and you should be ... Better Skin. NetDoctor, part of the Hearst UK wellbeing network Netdoctor participates in various affiliate marketing programs ... I think in essence you have an allergic skin reaction, triggered by your recent infection and you should be taking a non- ...
  • Skin comes in three layers: epidermis, dermis, and panniculus. (
  • Skin has several layers, but the two main layers are the epidermis (upper or outer layer) and the dermis (lower or inner layer). (
  • The epidermis is composed of the outermost layers of the skin. (
  • Within the deepest layer the of epidermis layer of skin. (
  • The epidermis is the part of your skin you can see. (
  • At the bottom of the epidermis, new skin cells are forming. (
  • Your epidermis is always making new skin cells that rise to the top to replace the old ones. (
  • Most of the cells in your epidermis (95%) work to make new skin cells. (
  • It rises to the surface of your epidermis to keep your skin lubricated and protected. (
  • Skin is made up of three layers: the epidermis (pronounced: ep-ih-DUR-mis), dermis , and the subcutaneous (pronounced: sub-kyoo-TAY - nee-us) tissue . (
  • The upper layer of our skin, the epidermis, is the tough, protective outer layer. (
  • Below the epidermis is the next layer of our skin, the dermis, which is made up of blood vessels, nerve endings, and connective tissue. (
  • Lesion that involves loss of the upper portion of the skin (epidermis) and part of the lower portion (dermis). (
  • Rough, thick epidermis with exaggerated skin lines. (
  • The skin consists of two main layers: the outer layer, or epidermis, which lies on and is nourished by the thicker dermis. (
  • Simple benign hyperplasia (overgrowth) of the epidermis such as is commonly seen in infantile eczema often appears as lichenification, a term used to describe a thickening of the epidermis in which the normal surface markings of the skin are greatly exaggerated. (
  • A tan is the direct result of melanin, a brown pigment found in the epidermis that is produced when skin is exposed to sunlight. (
  • The epidermis makes up the outer barrier of our skin and protects us from environmental insults, such as bacteria and ultraviolet (UV) radiation. (
  • Non-melanoma skin cancers usually develop in the outermost layer of skin (epidermis), and are often named after the type of skin cell from which they develop. (
  • Human skin consists of two layers, the Epidermis and the Dermis . (
  • dermis - (also called the cutis) the layer of the skin just beneath the epidermis. (
  • epidermis - the outer layer of the skin. (
  • melanocyte - a cell in the epidermis that produces melanin (a dark-colored pigment that protects the skin from sunlight). (
  • The skin is divided into superficial epidermis, of ectodermal origin, and the deeper dermis, of mesodermal origin. (
  • The epidermis also contains melanocytes of neural crest origin which give skin its colour. (
  • The goal of this Boston-based firm was to make artificial skin that would include an epidermis layer and solve the problem of rejection. (
  • Hy-Gene, Inc. in New Jersey, clones a patient's own skin cells producing an epidermis about 10 layers thick. (
  • If you along with a near buddy are chatting about anti aging epidermis products, why not ask if they such as the really feel of your anti aging pores and skin solutions they have obtained, the scent and whether or not they have been satisfied with their obtain. (
  • It's not all prescriptions and minor skin fixes that can keep your epidermis dandy. (
  • The dermis is the layer of skin beneath the epidermis that consists of connective tissue and cushions the body from stress and strain. (
  • Melanoma begins in the melanocytes, which are the cells that make melanin, the pigment that gives skin its color. (
  • Melanoma, the third most common type of skin cancer, begins in the melanocytes. (
  • Of all types of skin cancer, melanoma causes the most deaths because of its tendency to spread to other parts of the body, including vital organs. (
  • Decreasing exposure to ultraviolet radiation and the use of sunscreen appear to be effective methods of preventing melanoma and squamous-cell skin cancer. (
  • A unique collaboration of patients, families, advocates, physicians and scientists, American Skin Association has evolved over the past two decades as a leading force in efforts to defeat melanoma, skin cancer and disease. (
  • Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that can spread to other organs in the body. (
  • Nodular melanomas are a faster-developing type of melanoma that can quickly grow downwards into the deeper layers of skin if not removed. (
  • Acral lentiginous melanomas are the most common type of melanoma in people with dark skin, but they can occur in people with any skin type. (
  • Melanoma is caused by skin cells that begin to develop abnormally. (
  • These skin cancers are known as non melanoma skin cancer. (
  • There are 2 main types of skin cancer: Non melanoma skin cancer and melanoma skin cancer. (
  • This section is about non melanoma skin cancer. (
  • Melanoma is a different type of skin cancer that develops from skin cells called melanocytes. (
  • Non melanoma skin cancer includes basal cell skin cancer, squamous cell skin cancer and other rare types. (
  • Find out about the possible symptoms of non melanoma skin cancer and when to see your doctor. (
  • The 2 main types of non melanoma skin cancer are basal cell skin cancer (BCC) and squamous cell skin cancer (SCC). (
  • The cure rates for non melanoma skin cancers are very high. (
  • Also called non-melanoma skin cancers, they are highly curable when treated early. (
  • Melanoma is the most serious form of skin cancer . (
  • Non-melanoma skin cancer refers to a group of cancers that slowly develop in the upper layers of the skin. (
  • The term non-melanoma distinguishes these more common types of skin cancer from the less common skin cancer known as melanoma , which can be more serious. (
  • In the UK, more than 100,000 new cases of non-melanoma skin cancer are diagnosed each year. (
  • The first sign of non-melanoma skin cancer is usually the appearance of a lump or discoloured patch on the skin that continues to persist after a few weeks, and slowly progresses over months or sometimes years. (
  • Non-melanoma skin cancer most often develops on areas of skin regularly exposed to the sun, such as the face, ears, hands, shoulders, upper chest and back. (
  • See below for more information about the symptoms of specific types of non-melanoma skin cancer. (
  • Although not classed as non-melanoma skin cancer, Bowen's disease can sometimes develop into squamous cell carcinoma if left untreated. (
  • Like Bowen's disease, actinic keratosis isn't classed as non-melanoma skin cancer, but there's a small risk that the patches could develop into squamous cell carcinoma if untreated. (
  • Overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) light is the main cause of non-melanoma skin cancer. (
  • Read more about the causes of non-melanoma skin cancer . (
  • Facts and figures about metastatic melanoma, a deadly form of skin cancer. (
  • From the origins of the word melanoma to the worrying statistics today, these are some of the interesting facts about skin cancer everyone one needs to know. (
  • Skin cancer/Melanoma on my areola? (
  • 3. The incident of melanoma, an aggressive form of skin cancer, occurs primarily in light-pigment people. (
  • The American Cancer Society places melanoma, the most serious form of skin cancer, as the most frequently occurring cancer in women aged 25 to 29. (
  • The number of people who die from melanoma, a frequent type of skin cancer, has increased significantly in the Netherlands, in particular among over-60s. (
  • Last year, 477 men and 316 women in the Netherlands died from melanoma of the skin , i.e. 2.0 and 1.6 percent respectively of total cancer mortality. (
  • Melanoma of the skin is a relatively rare cause of death, but increasing rapidly: from 470 deaths in 2000 to 793 in 2012. (
  • In the 21st century, mortality caused by melanoma of the skin has risen notably among over-60s. (
  • On average, 2.2 per 100 thousand residents of the European Union annually died from melanoma of the skin in 2010. (
  • Mortality caused by melanoma of the skin is notably low in Southern Europe, but high in most countries in Northern Europe (Sweden, Estonia and Denmark). (
  • The difference between Northern and Southern Europe is related to the fact that people with a lighter skin are more at risk of developing melanoma than people with a darker skin. (
  • Collagen is a tough, durable, fibrous protein that makes up 90 percent of the dermis and provides strength to the skin. (
  • The cells of the dermis provide a framework for blood vessels to bring oxygen and nutrients to the skin and nerves to help the dog react to and interact with his world. (
  • Rays penetrate skin more deeply below dermis and are most responsible for deeper damage. (
  • Without certain molecules in the dermis, our skin wouldn't stretch when we bend or reposition itself when we straighten up. (
  • These two types of fibers in the dermis, collagen and elastin , help the skin stretch and reposition itself when we move. (
  • Discolored, fibrous tissue that permanently replaces normal skin after destruction of the dermis. (
  • The problem lies with the response to injury of the lower part of the skin, called the dermis. (
  • Made primarily of proteins called collagen that give skin its firmness and pliability, the dermis is constantly being turned over, with new networks of collagen replacing the old. (
  • Melanin protects the skin by absorbing, reflecting and scattering ultraviolet radiation before it penetrates the dermis, or underlying skin. (
  • Using their synthetic material, called Silastic , Burke and Yannas continued experimenting and found that artificialskin acts like a framework onto which new skin tissue and blood vessels grow, although these new cells are unable to produce hair follicles or sweat glands normally formed in the dermis. (
  • It also contains mandelic acid, azelaic acid, salicylic acid, zinc, and our trademarked vassoclear, which penetrates deeply into the dermis to heal and repair skin," she says. (
  • [5] It often appears as a painless raised area of skin that may be shiny with small blood vessels running over it or may present as a raised area with an ulcer . (
  • These blood vessels are hard to see in kids, but you might get a better look if you check out your grandparents' skin. (
  • The blood vessels under the skin may become easier to see. (
  • Laser skin rejuvenation offers real results and the ability to wipe away sun damage, discoloration, wrinkles and blood vessels. (
  • Skin protects the network of muscles, bones , nerves, blood vessels , and everything else inside our bodies. (
  • Every square inch of skin contains thousands of cells and hundreds of sweat glands, oil glands, nerve endings, and blood vessels. (
  • The bottom layer of our skin, the subcutaneous tissue , is made up of connective tissue, sweat glands, blood vessels, and cells that store fat. (
  • Small, dilated blood vessels that appear close to the surface of the skin. (
  • When blood vessels are dilated with increased blood flow, as in an inflammatory disorder, the skin is bright red. (
  • If these synthetic skins can knit with the surrounding tissue and spur the growth of sweat glands, hair follicles and the blood vessels that nourish the skin cells with oxygen and nutrients, patients should heal more quickly, and with greatly reduced scarring. (
  • These new skins aren't perfect -- they lack blood vessels and pigment-forming cells, for example -- and for now the gold standard remains taking grafts from the patient's body whenever possible. (
  • Blood Vessels - These structures carry vital nutrients and oxygen-rich blood to the cells that make up the layers of skin and then carry away waste products. (
  • It also makes skin lose its radiance , leaving it looking greyish and dull because smoking narrows blood vessels, causing a reduction of blood to the skin. (
  • As the skin loses its thickness, the blood vessels that lie just below the skin can become more visible. (
  • Skin infections are different from rashes. (
  • While rashes can be symptoms of some skin infections, a person with a rash does not necessarily have an infection. (
  • New carpet looks beautiful but may cause skin rashes. (
  • For many consumers, though, it's turned into a nightmare of skin rashes and sinus problems. (
  • These complaints include rashes on the skin as well as watery eyes, runny nose, a burning sensation in the nasal passages, headaches and fatigue. (
  • Most skin rashes that occur during childhood are not a reason for significant concern, as they usually improve spontaneously without any treatment. (
  • Soon skin rashes develop along with lesions that don't heal. (
  • Primary skin lesions are variations in color or texture that may be present at birth, such as moles or birthmarks, or that may be acquired during a person's lifetime, such as those associated with infectious diseases (e.g. warts, acne, or psoriasis ), allergic reactions (e.g. hives or contact dermatitis ), or environmental agents (e.g. sunburn, pressure, or temperature extremes). (
  • Skin lesions can be caused by a wide variety of conditions and diseases. (
  • In fact, certain skin diseases may be the first sign that someone is infected with HIV. (
  • Skin diseases in which there is an overproduction of epidermal cells or a disorganization of their differentiation often show scaling. (
  • There are relatively few skin diseases in which inflammation , including responses to physical injury (such as sunburn), allergy , and infections (such as boils and cold sores), does not play a part. (
  • In some skin diseases inflammation is the major factor in the morphological appearance of the rash (for example, acute allergic contact dermatitis). (
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs of the type effective in arthritis, including aspirin and indomethacin, have proved to be of little or no value in the treatment of inflammatory skin diseases. (
  • In some blistering (bullous) skin diseases (such as pemphigus), the development of large blisters is the predominant morphological feature. (
  • Although an itching sensation may result in healthy skin from a direct conversion of very light pressure (light stroking of the skin of the lips is a good example), in most skin diseases itching is caused by the release of pharmacological mediators, such as histamine. (
  • Although skin tags are generally not associated with any other diseases, there seems to be a group of obese individuals who, along with many skin tags, develop a condition called acanthosis nigricans on the skin of their neck and armpits and are predisposed to have high blood fats and sugar . (
  • His field of research is dermatotoxicology and immunodermatology, with special emphasis on environmentally induced skin diseases. (
  • Normally, a dermatologist specializes in skin diseases. (
  • Dermatologist treats your skin diseases. (
  • A physician who treats skin diseases and disorders is a Dermatologist. (
  • The doctor assesses for skin diseases and cancer, treats acne, and performs minor surgeries (example: removing skin tags). (
  • A doctor will be able to treat any type of chronic skin diseases such as eczema. (
  • Infectious skin diseases and fungal skin diseases will also be treated by a doctor. (
  • a skin care doctor A dermatologist is a medical physician who specializes in treating skin conditions, disorders and diseases. (
  • A dermatologist is one doctor that specializes in the management and treatment of patient's with diseases of the skin. (
  • The type of doctor which diagnoses skin diseases is called a dermatologist. (
  • In humans for example, the skin located under the eyes and around the eyelids is the thinnest skin in the body at 0.5 mm thick, and is one of the first areas to show signs of aging such as "crows feet" and wrinkles. (
  • In older people, some of the elastin-containing fibers degenerate, which is one reason why the skin looks wrinkled (most wrinkles are caused by sun exposure, though! (
  • We have a wide array of products perfect for lines and wrinkles, uneven tone, blemishes, dryness, and other skin concerns. (
  • Spending too much time in the sun gives you wrinkles and makes you more likely to get skin cancer . (
  • Add to this the inescapable factor of time, and the result is sagging skin, wrinkles, and discolorations: the characteristic signs of skin aging. (
  • This complex interplay is thought to result in deep wrinkles, which is a hallmark of UV-induced skin aging. (
  • Clinical studies have shown that skin-care products containing snail mucin gave statistical improvements in facial lines and wrinkles," he says, though Fu and Lu tell me that these studies should be taken with a grain of salt as sample sizes were small. (
  • Skin's radiance is revealed, skin smoothness is significantly improved, fine lines and wrinkles look reduced, and skin looks rejuvenated and revitalized with a more even tone. (
  • Antioxidants, such as those found in blueberries, cranberries, winter squash and pecans, help to protect skin against elements like sun and wind, and can also help to prevent lines and wrinkles. (
  • This causes inflammation in the skin cells creating wrinkles and sagging. (
  • Also, we tend to use them far too vigorously, tugging at the delicate skin around the eyes, which can cause damage and lead to wrinkles. (
  • Poor quality sleep increases chances of wrinkles, puffy eyes, uneven pigmentation and slacker skin. (
  • The chemicals in cigarettes increase the production of tropoelastin and matrix metalloproteinases, which damage skin proteins like collagen and elastin, causing fine lines and deep wrinkles far sooner than for non-smokers. (
  • But not logging the recommended hours could also cause dull skin that shows more fine lines and wrinkles, says dermatologist Jennifer Chwalek, MD, of Union Square Laser Dermatology in New York City. (
  • The constant movement that takes place around the eyes makes the skin vulnerable to wrinkles. (
  • Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition that leads to red, flaky patches of skin with a layer of scales overlying them. (
  • I start off by using a facial oil and lotion underneath since the acid in this makes my skin flaky (*but combats pimples, so it balances out), apply the product, then finish with a good dose of NYX Matte Finishing Spray to make it hold. (
  • If your skin gets flaky, exfoliate to remove the dead shin cells, then moisturize immediately before applying makeup. (
  • Sugar and processed foods can cause inflammation in the skin and break down collagen and elastin, making skin look dull, saggy and wrinkle prone, Chwalek says. (
  • As skin matures and levels of collagen and elastin fall, the skin loses its elasticity and is no longer able to spring back into shape after it has been stretched or creased. (
  • While chronic sleep deprivation has been linked to medical problems such as obesity, diabetes, cancer and immune deficiency, its effects on skin function have previously been unknown. (
  • What Are the Risk Factors for Skin Cancer? (
  • A family history of skin cancer. (
  • Regardless of whether you have any of the risk factors listed above, reducing your exposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays can help keep your skin healthy and lower your chances of getting skin cancer in the future. (
  • Making sun protection an everyday habit will help you to enjoy the outdoors safely, avoid getting a sunburn, and lower your skin cancer risk. (
  • What Is Skin Cancer? (
  • Basal and squamous cell carcinomas are the two most common types of skin cancer. (
  • Most cases of skin cancer are caused by overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun, tanning beds, or sunlamps. (
  • Over time, UV damage adds up, leading to changes in skin texture, premature skin aging, and sometimes skin cancer. (
  • A basal-cell skin cancer . (
  • [1] The first two, along with a number of less common skin cancers, are known as nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC). (
  • [1] Squamous-cell skin cancer is more likely to spread. (
  • More than 90% of cases are caused by exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the Sun . [4] This exposure increases the risk of all three main types of skin cancer. (
  • [7] Nonmelanoma skin cancer is usually curable. (
  • Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer, globally accounting for at least 40% of cancer cases. (
  • [5] [17] The most common type is nonmelanoma skin cancer, which occurs in at least 2-3 million people per year. (
  • [6] [19] The three main types of skin cancer have become more common in the last 20 to 40 years, especially in those areas with mostly White people. (
  • 2. The Facts Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer in the United States. (
  • Currently about one million Americans each year are diagnosed with skin cancer. (
  • 3. Risk Factors Personal history of skin cancer. (
  • UV radiation- lifetime exposure affects risk of skin cancer. (
  • Skin cancer begins when normal cell growth goes wrong and disorderly. (
  • 5. Skin Cancer Types They are named for the skin cell types that become cancerous Squamous and Basal Cell are the most common and curable and are usually on the head, face, neck, and arms. (
  • 8. Squamous Cell Cancer Second most common skin cancer. (
  • Cancer and cancer treatment can cause skin changes such as dryness, itchiness, and rash. (
  • Surgery and changes in activity level might also make cancer patients more prone to other skin problems. (
  • Common causes of itching in people with cancer include dry skin, allergies, side effects of medicines, and cancer treatment. (
  • A skin rash is a common side effect of certain types of cancer treatments. (
  • Protecting your skin now also can help prevent skin cancer when you get older. (
  • More than a quarter of skin cancer cases are diagnosed in people under 50, which is unusually early compared to most other types of cancer. (
  • Over recent years, skin cancer has become much more common in the UK. (
  • Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) is a form of cancer that occurs on the skin and in mucous membranes. (
  • KS can be treated with surgery (cutting out the lesion and surrounding skin), chemotherapy (drugs that kill cancer cells), radiation therapy (high doses of X-rays or other radiation), or biologic therapy (using the body's own resources to boost the immune system). (
  • Skin cancer includes basal cell skin cancer, squamous cell skin cancers and other rare types. (
  • Your treatment depends on where your skin cancer is, how big it is and your general health. (
  • Researchers are looking at the causes, diagnosis and treatment of skin cancer. (
  • Get support to cope during and after skin cancer treatment, including how to protect your skin in the sun. (
  • Anyone can get skin cancer. (
  • Darker-skinned people can also get any type of skin cancer, although it's less likely for them than for pale-skinned people. (
  • You've had skin cancer before. (
  • The most common warning sign of skin cancer is a change on the skin, typically a new mole or spot, or a change in an existing mole. (
  • Doctors usually diagnose skin cancer by doing a biopsy . (
  • Your skin cancer type, its size, and its location are some of the things that will affect how it's treated. (
  • Removing the skin cancer. (
  • The doctor will remove the skin cancer and a tiny rim of normal-looking skin around it with a scalpel. (
  • The doctor will remove the skin cancer layer by layer, checking each one under a microscope until it's all gone. (
  • Your doctor will use a metal scoop device followed by an electric needle to scrape away the skin cancer cells. (
  • Your doctor will prescribe a cream or gel for you to use at home on an area of your skin where you have precancerous growths or directly on a skin cancer. (
  • A long-term effect of prolonged and repeated exposure to sunlight can cause a number of skin disorders, including basal-cell carcinomas (small, smooth nodules) that usually appear on the face ( see skin cancer ). (
  • Skin cancer is one of the most common cancers in the world. (
  • While it's unlikely to be skin cancer, it's best to be sure. (
  • Your GP can examine your skin for signs of skin cancer. (
  • They may refer you to a skin specialist (dermatologist) or a specialist plastic surgeon if they're unsure or suspect skin cancer. (
  • You'll have an urgent referral (within two weeks) if you have squamous cell skin cancer. (
  • The specialist will examine your skin and may carry out a biopsy to confirm a diagnosis of skin cancer. (
  • Skin cancer can often be cured if caught early, but if left it can be difficult to treat and even fatal. (
  • Worldwide, incidences of skin cancer are increasing. (
  • Roche scientists have been studying treatments for nearly 20 years and we're continuing to study skin cancer medicines. (
  • Take a tour of our virtual gallery and learn to master the art of detection for skin cancer. (
  • Advanced basal cell carcinoma is a rare, disfiguring and potentially-life threatening form of skin cancer. (
  • Possible skin cancer on penis? (
  • Men are more likely to get skin cancer than women, but everyone should get checked. (
  • In an effort to catch the most common cancer in the United States, the Skin Cancer Foundation is on the road. (
  • Destination: Healthy Skin aims to educate people about skin cancer and offer ways to better protect your body with sunscreen . (
  • The group will also offer free skin cancer screenings when a roving exam room makes approximately 50 stops in 22 cities this summer. (
  • This is the deadliest form of skin cancer. (
  • Skin cancers found and removed early are almost always curable, according to the Skin Cancer Foundation. (
  • The Skin Cancer Foundation selected its cities to stop by based on various lifestyles and include beach communities, mountain towns and urban, suburban and rural areas. (
  • Dermatologists recommend that you get a skin screening annually, but if you are at greater risk for skin cancer you should be checked every six months. (
  • Hospital trials included burn victims, patients needing skin grafts after cancer surgery, and those with chronic nonhealing wounds. (
  • To understand the nurse's role in detection of skin cancer. (
  • According to the American Academy of Dermatology, skin cancer is the most prevalent of all cancers and, with more than 900,000 cases reported each year, rivals its reputation as the "undeclared epidemic. (
  • One reason for the increase in the skin cancer rate is the fact that the ozone layer of the earth's atmosphere is steadily deteriorating, allowing more of the sun's ultraviolet rays (UVs) to reach the planet surface - specifically, UVA, UVB and UVC rays. (
  • All of these UVs collectively contribute to the corruption of genetic material and cell formation, paving the way to developing skin cancer. (
  • Skin is the body's largest organ -- without it, hair would have no place to grow, internal body parts would become external body parts, and people would not want to hug and stroke their pets. (
  • The skin is the body's largest organ. (
  • All of our facials are customized to work with the body's physiological systems to promote a gentle detoxification, a release of facial tension and stress, and bring harmony back to the skin, body, and mind. (
  • A man takes care of stuff--his car, his kids, his shotgun, his woman's sexual hungers--and that includes his skin, which is not only his body's largest organ (yes, even yours) but the one most frequently touched by others. (
  • Solay Skin Therapy products are ideal for re-hydrating and Re-mineralizing your body's largest organ -- the skin! (
  • Between the bundles are the skin's rubber bands, the elastin cells that help provide skin flexibility. (
  • 3. Deep and Meaningful Pty Ltd P.O.Box 427 Ascot Vale Victoria, 3032 Australia  Loss of elastin - the skin becomes and appears looser. (
  • Skin cancers are cancers that arise from the skin . (
  • [6] For squamous-cell skin cancers, total exposure, irrespective of when it occurs, is more important. (
  • [1] Of nonmelanoma skin cancers, about 80% are basal-cell cancers and 20% squamous-cell skin cancers. (
  • [11] Basal-cell and squamous-cell skin cancers rarely result in death. (
  • Obesity is associated with a number of skin conditions, including psoriasis, cutaneous infections, vascular disorders and possibly skin cancers. (
  • See what different types of skin cancers might look like. (
  • Most skin cancers are caused by exposure to the sun. (
  • Almost all skin cancers -- 95% -- are basal cell and squamous cell cancers. (
  • Basal cell skin cancers usually don't need an urgent referral, but you should still see a specialist within 18 weeks. (
  • of skin cancers are preventable. (
  • A combination of peels, exfoliation techniques and light-based treatments for your unique Skin Type. (
  • We show our clients how to save money and time by categorizing them into their individual Skin Type, with each Skin Type uniquely suitable for certain products and treatments that do not necessarily have to be the most expensive ones available. (
  • Skin care specialists, also called aestheticians, provide skin care treatments to clients to help them look and feel great. (
  • This faster-than-average growth is attributed to the popularity of skin care treatments for relaxation and wellness. (
  • In honor of National Healthy Skin Month, o2 Living, Northern Westchester's premier natural health and wellness community offering a Live Food Café, therapeutic spa, juice cleanses, all natural skin treatments and products, yoga, and meditation classes, is helping clients to naturally prepare their skin for winter by eating for natural beauty. (
  • Through a program that integrates 'beauty foods' and all-natural spa treatments, o2 Living is helping clients to protect their skin against dryness and visible signs of irritation, which are common throughout the winter months. (
  • They appear to itch from under your skin and are impervious to all standard medical treatments. (
  • However, some treatments may help restore skin color and skin bleaching may be used to help the entire body become one lighter color. (
  • One of the most popular skin treatments is derma rolling. (
  • Common treatments for which you'll need to cover the costs: removal of barnacles, skin tags, angiomas (benign skin growths) and milia (deep-rooted white bumps), explains Cynthia Bailey, MD, a dermatologist in Sebastopol, CA. Check with your insurer that a service you're considering is covered under your plan before you sign up for the procedure. (
  • Patients who undergo chemical peels, laser treatments and skin resurfacing may have an unwelcome surprise after the service. (
  • Eye treatments that contain vitamin K and advanced peptides can help to strengthen and brighten the skin. (
  • Some eye treatments contain light diffusing pigments that help the skin appear more radiant. (
  • We continue to invite yourconcerns regarding your skin and its nuances, and we continue to passionately develop tailored natural skin caretreatments for our many clients.Acne/Acneic SkinCharacteristics:  Blackheads  Whiteheads  Papules  Pustules  CystsThe grade and severity of acne will depend on the quantity of the above-mentioned lesions present at any giventime. (
  • This can lead to acne when pores become clogged by too much sebum and too many dead skin cells. (
  • Acne, athlete's foot (tinea pedis), warts, and scabies are examples of skin infections that cause lesions. (
  • Utilized on your skin, mixed if we do water, can clear up scars and acne problems with time. (
  • My skin is sensitive to acne-prone ingredients. (
  • The Imagine App is tailor-made for people living with skin conditions such as psoriasis, eczema, rosacea or acne to help you stay on top of your condition. (
  • I break out and don't know if it's allergies or acne ): but this foundation "calms" my skin. (
  • It's common to experience some of these skin changes during pregnancy, from acne to stretch marks. (
  • If you stay up late night after night to edit your vows or redo your seating chart, you'll not only miss out on this natural glow-getting process, you'll likely have a surge in stress hormones that can lead to unwanted skin concerns like acne. (
  • When cortisol is elevated, "it can aggravate skin conditions such as acne, rosacea and eczema. (
  • An electric face brush is great for acne prone skin. (
  • What are skin infections? (
  • Some skin infections cover a small area on the top of your skin. (
  • Other infections can go deep into your skin or spread to a larger area. (
  • Skin infections are caused by different kinds of germs. (
  • Who is at risk for skin infections? (
  • What are the symptoms of skin infections? (
  • How are skin infections diagnosed? (
  • How are skin infections treated? (
  • Doctors believe people with diabetes can reduce their chances of these infections by practicing good skin care. (
  • These infections often occur in warm, moist folds of the skin. (
  • Candida infections can spread to other parts of the body, including the esophagus , lungs , liver , and skin. (
  • The primary care provider will commonly see skin and soft tissue infections in the outpatient setting. (
  • Skin and soft tissue infections range from the uncomplicated impetigo to the potentially lethal necrotizing fasciitis. (
  • To help curtail the annual 10,000 deaths from burn-related infections and 100,000 amputations needed because of diabetic foot ulcers, researchers are developing new artificial skin technologies in tissue engineering laboratories across the country, with the goal of creating substitute skin that looks and functions like normal skin -- with the same soft, smooth texture, strength, durability and color pigmentation. (
  • Such scarring is reduced with traditional skin grafts, but although this technology has improved, there are still serious problems with infections and getting those grafts to take. (
  • What do skin infections look like? (
  • Some skin infections require medical treatment. (
  • Read on to learn more about common skin infections. (
  • There are various infections that commonly affect children that can cause a skin rash. (
  • Skin is the soft outer tissue covering vertebrates . (
  • In mammals , the skin is an organ of the integumentary system made up of multiple layers of ectodermal tissue , and guards the underlying muscles , bones , ligaments and internal organs . (
  • Severely damaged skin may heal by forming scar tissue . (
  • Loss of muscle tone resulting in sagging skin tissue. (
  • Skin grafts will not survive on tissue with a limited blood supply (cartilage or tendons) or tissue that has been damaged by radiation treatment. (
  • The Hypodermis (AKA Subcutaneous Tissue ) is also worthy of mention when studying the skin. (
  • Cellulitis is an infection of the skin and underlying tissue, which leads to reddening and swelling of the skin, which may become hot and painful. (
  • they are oval capsules of sensory nerve fibers located in the subcutaneous fatty tissue sebaceous gland - a small, sack-shaped gland that releases oily (fatty) liquids onto the hair follicle (the oil lubricated and softens the skin). (
  • In January, 1998, this multilayered, tissue-engineered skin trade marked Apligraf received unconditional recommendation from the FDA advisorypanel for treating venous leg ulcers, making it the first living manufactured organ ever recommended for approval by the FDA. (
  • You're best off using a creamy cleanser applied in circular movements that you can tissue off, or if you have oily skin and like to rinse your cleanser, stop after two rinses and make sure the water is tepid. (
  • Skin is the layer of usually soft, flexible outer tissue covering the body of a vertebrate animal, with three main functions: protection, regulation, and sensation. (
  • Sleep deprived women show signs of premature skin aging and a decrease in their skin's ability to recover after sun exposure," Baron said in a press release. (
  • Researchers evaluated the women's skin and conducted a variety of skin challenge tests including ones involving UV light exposure. (
  • Changes in the skin can be due to tumor growth, sun exposure, or the side effects of treatment. (
  • The visible manifestations of sunburn usually begin within 6-12 hours after the first ultraviolet exposure and peak within 24-28 hours, followed by a gradual easing of symptoms and light tanning or "peeling" (the sloughing off of the skin ), depending on the severity of the burn . (
  • The signs of aging catch up with everyone eventually, but limiting sun exposure can reduce the extent of damage to skin. (
  • Skin aging is caused by a combination of natural aging and exposure to sunlight. (
  • Actinic keratoses , also known as solar keratoses, are dry, scaly patches of skin caused by damage from years of sun exposure. (
  • retinol can make your skin more sensitive to sun exposure. (
  • There are significant risks for skin lesions resulting trauma to the skin while administering care, from exposure to pressure during immobilization, or from reaction to medications used in treatment. (
  • UVC rays are considered the most dangerous and can damage unprotected skin with only brief exposure. (
  • The adjective cutaneous means "of the skin" (from Latin cutis , skin). (
  • Rare lymphomas that start in the skin are called skin lymphomas (or cutaneous lymphomas). (
  • To schedule an appointment for a cutaneous nerve/skin biopsy, please have your doctor contact our office at 410-614-6399 . (
  • Skin manifestations is a term that describes the cutaneous signs, symptoms or physiological changes of a non-dermatological disorder. (
  • Medical terms your physician or dermatologist may use to describe a skin tag include fibroepithelial polyp, acrochordon, cutaneous papilloma, and soft fibroma. (
  • Skin (including cutaneous and subcutaneous tissues) plays crucial roles in formation, structure and function of extra-skeletal apparatus such as horns of bovids [e.g. cattle] and rhinos, cervids' antlers, giraffids' ossicones, armadillos' osteoderm, and os penis/ os clitoris. (
  • According to the American Academy of Dermatology , warts are noncancerous skin growths that occur when a virus infects the top layer of skin. (
  • Skin tags are common, acquired benign skin-colored growths that resemble a small, soft balloon suspended on a slender stalk. (
  • Skin tags are harmless growths that can vary in number from one to hundreds. (
  • All of these terms describe skin tags and are benign (noncancerous), painless skin growths. (
  • Skin tags are very small, loose growths of skin that usually appear under your arms or breasts. (
  • Cosmetic dermatologist Anna Guanche , who stocks snail products at her office at the Bella Skin Institute, tells me that snail mucin seals in moisture and allows active ingredients to penetrate the skin very well. (
  • I recently went to my dermatologist, Rosemarie Ingleton ( she specializes in African American and darker skinned ethnicities) and she prescribed I use Neostrata ($38). (
  • Skin tags that are bothersome may be easily removed during or after pregnancy, typically by a dermatologist. (
  • A dermatologist treats the skin. (
  • Visiting a dermatologist can do wonders for your skin, but it can also mean you're in store for some surprises. (
  • To diagnose a skin infection, health care providers will do a physical exam and ask about your symptoms. (
  • Here you can find out all about skin lymphomas, including risk factors, symptoms, how they are found, and how they are treated. (
  • The free app helps you to take consistent photos of affected areas to track the effectiveness of your treatment, so you can get a clearer view of your skin and symptoms as they change. (
  • A person with a positive skin test, a normal chest X-ray, and no symptoms most likely has only a few TB germs in an inactive state and is not contagious . (
  • Psoriasis and other common skin problems are discussed in the context of obesity. (
  • Psoriasis is a common chronic skin condition. (
  • In the work environment, skin trauma and mechanical affections of the hands are aggravating factors of psoriasis. (
  • We want to help people living with chronic skin conditions such as psoriasis to take more control. (
  • Inhalant and contact allergies are common causes of skin irritation that can develop into more serious problems if Sassy digs and bites at her skin. (
  • Skin-soothers help minimize irritation that can peak at night, so you can awake to smooth, healthy-looking skin. (
  • By increasing their intake of foods rich in skin-friendly nutrients, they can easily improve the health of their skin and protect it against dryness and irritation during the winter months. (
  • To round out a 'beauty foods' plan, Devlin suggests integrating vitamin-rich foods such as carrots, known for their high levels of Beta Carotene and Vitamin A, and Green Tea, rich in Vitamins C, D and K with anti-inflammatory properties to reduce visible signs of seasonal skin irritation, such as redness. (
  • Razor burn develops as a result of skin irritation from shaving, but shaving has as much to do about the skin as it does the hair," says Zeichner. (
  • Redness and other skin changes may not be well-defined, and it may be difficult to tell where they end. (
  • A skin infection occurs when parasites, fungi, or germs such as bacteria penetrate the skin and spread. (
  • Advanced skin care ingredients, such as neuropeptides, penetrate the skin and encourage fluids to disperse. (
  • When exercising outdoors on a hot, sunny day, light-weight, light-colored clothing combined with plenty of sunscreen on both exposed and unexposed skin is the way to go. (
  • On a scale of 1 to 10 how well do you think your skin care products are helping with the concerns you listed? (
  • Have you ever had a reaction to a skin care product? (
  • Plant extracts in Simplicite natural skin care - Duration: 72 seconds. (
  • Why top quality ingredients are essential in natural skin care - Duration: 72 seconds. (
  • Love your skin mid-50s - use nutritive skin care! (
  • Our mission at Lotus Skin Care Studio is to help you achieve optimal skin health and enhance your well-being by providing holistic facials utilizing high-quality, whole plant organic skin care. (
  • Avoid mixing skin care products. (
  • Use professional skin care products designed for your skin. (
  • See our Women's and Men's skin care ranges)  In severe cases medication may be required. (
  • Shaga Skin Care is located within Salon Boutique (Suite 120) on the Northwest corner of Thunderbird and Scottsdale Road in Room #31. (
  • You'll find all the luxury skin care products you need here at Amazon within our Luxury Skin Care selection. (
  • In recent years, snails have gone from garden dweller and French appetizer to practically ubiquitous skin-care ingredient: Their mucin (the slime they trail in their wake) forms the foundation for a recent wave of hyperpopular creams, masks, and serums - many of which we've tried and loved here at the Strategist. (
  • Most of the snail mucin used for skin care involves the Cryptomphalus aspersa species, a.k.a. the common garden snail. (
  • Victoria Fu and Gloria Lu, the chemist duo behind Chemist Confessions - a site that explains the science behind skin care - agree that snail mucin's main benefit for skin is as a hydrating ingredient. (
  • Monday - Saturday 9am - 9pm Sundays 2pm - 6pm I can also be available for consultations, skin care parties, and special events outside of my regular hours. (
  • Find your Perfect Skin Care Match. (
  • Welcome to Mary Kay ® ♥ Your Skin section, where finding answers to your skin care needs is simple! (
  • Plus you have your Independent Beauty Consultant to help you find your ideal skin care, even as your needs change over time. (
  • When you're ready for customized solutions and advice for your specific needs, contact your personal skin care advocate: your Independent Beauty Consultant! (
  • The skin-care boom has been mushrooming for a couple of years. (
  • Guys whose idea of skin care used to be rubbing the quarterback's face in the mud are now using preshave oils, postshave balms, moisturizers, and exfoliating scrubs so they'll look good in the postgame interview. (
  • Mental mantra re skin care: It's freaking maintenance. (
  • When buying skin-care stuff, don't just buy any old goop. (
  • Along with the skills and education you can learn in skin care training, specialists should have people skills and enjoy developing successful client relationships. (
  • Skin care is a rewarding industry that can lead to a lucrative career with much personal freedom. (
  • Requirements for a skin care license include a high school diploma or equivalent, and completion of a skin care program at a state-licensed cosmetology school. (
  • Skin care programs are offered through high schools and trade or vocational schools. (
  • Full-time skin care training programs usually last about 6 months, depending on state guidelines for required hours. (
  • According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the median annual wage for skin care licensees is $32,040, with the top 90 percent earning $52,340 per year. (
  • As the number of full-service spas grows, many job opportunities are being created for skin care specialists. (
  • Aestheticians can expect large gains in employment in the skin care industry, growing almost 38 percent. (
  • Solay 84 Re-mineralizing and Re-hydrating Skin Therapy products can be the key to your natural skin care health! (
  • The company's scientific leadership in both skin care and nutrition has established Nu Skin as a premier anti-aging company. (
  • The company's anti-aging products feature the new ageLOC suite of products including the ageLOC ® TR90™ weight management and body shaping system, ageLOC ® R 2 nutritional supplement, and ageLOC ® Transformation daily skin care system. (
  • To study skin protection and skin care measures among first year bakers' apprentices, apprentices were assigned either to a skin protection group trained in skin protection measures trained (n=39) or to a control group (n=55) and followed-up during four months. (
  • After the intervention, the acceptance of skin care rose to 88.9% in the skin protection group compared to 68.1% in the controls. (
  • I'm not alone in thanking the gods that Mack quit her corporate job to pursue a career in skin care four years ago (she studied at the Aveda Institute, then worked at the former Georgette Klinger spa): Judging by Mack's full schedule-her next available Saturday slot isn't until April-she's one of the worst-kept secrets in the 'hood. (
  • Keeping your body hydrated is just as vital as a consistent skin care routine, since water helps clear inflammation- and blemish-causing toxins. (
  • After going through your skin care routine , start with the large end of the roller at the center of the face and roll outward using short, gentle strokes, then use the smaller end to go gingerly around the eyes. (
  • As it turns out, people most often visit their health care providers because of skin issues, according to a new Mayo Clinic Proceedings study. (
  • Incorporate skin care tools and devices from CVS into your skin care regimen and be blown away by the results. (
  • If you have been keeping up with a daily skin care routine and haven't seen the results you were expecting, it is probably because you are not using the right skin care tools. (
  • It is essential to deeply massage your skin care products into your skin, and that is something that you cannot achieve with just your hands. (
  • Start getting the most out of your skin care products and see the results you have been dying to see with skin care tools and devices from CVS! (
  • Face brushes are not the only skin care tools you should incorporate into your skin care routine. (
  • There are so many skin care tools that can give you the same results that you would get from a professional facial, at a much lower cost. (
  • Depending on what you are trying to achieve in your skin care routine, depends on the type of skin care tools you need. (
  • But, if you are just looking for a simple product to enhance your skin care routine, start with a regular facial brush and work your way up from there! (
  • These products do not even scrape the surface of all of the different skin care tools that we have to offer. (
  • To find out more, explore, read reviews and find the perfect skin care tools for you at CVS! (
  • Because the eyes are extremely sensitive, skin care professionals recommend that you use gentle eye makeup remover or cleansers. (
  • Skin protects dogs from ultraviolet rays of the sun by providing a foundation for the haircoat and by producing melanin to color hair and skin. (
  • Melanin is the pigment that gives skin its color. (
  • Melanin gives skin its color. (
  • The darker your skin is, the more melanin you have. (
  • Melanocytes (pronounced: meh-LAH-nuh-sites) produce melanin , the pigment that gives skin its color. (
  • the more melanin that is produced, the darker the skin. (
  • The intrinsic colour of normal skin is pale yellow, but this colour is modified by pigments-both by melanin and by hemoglobin. (
  • Increased melanin pigmentation is a common reaction to prolonged inflammation of the skin. (
  • You do not have to have any prescribed medication for them since these skin creams 2% hydroquinone. (
  • Removing dead skin cells is a must to allow creams to penetrate deeper and have more of an impact, but using the wrong kind is a skincare no-no. (
  • What skin creams or lotions provide results? (
  • To determine what SPF your skin requires, you must know how long it takes your skin to burn when unprotected and exposed to sunlight. (
  • Some of these medications increase your skin's sensitivity to sunlight and may decrease the time it takes your skin to burn. (
  • Your days of smooth, radiant, and elastic skin are numbered, and the ticking clock of time and sunlight are to blame. (
  • For defecting skin changes in the dark skinnedpatient, sunlight is the best choice. (
  • Affected skin is also usually sensitive to sunlight. (
  • In fact, sunlight stimulates hormone production, allows for the synthesis of vitamin D, promotes skin cell regeneration and contributes to an overall sense of well-being. (
  • The sweat comes up through pores , tiny holes in the skin that allow it to escape. (
  • These glands, which surround and empty into our hair follicles and pores, produce an oil called sebum (pronounced: SEE - bum) that lubricates the skin and hair. (
  • This exfoliating scrub is suitable for sensitive skin and leaves pores feeling deeply cleaned. (
  • Dead and dull skin is removed with exfoliants such as fruit seeds that can help to unclog pores. (
  • This refreshingly lush, yet lightweight night cream helps skin detox from the visible effects that accumulate during the day purifying, refining, and reducing the look of pores. (
  • They can be of tremendous benefit for various skin ailments, and allow the skin to breathe, by not clogging the pores with any unnatural buildup. (
  • An electric face brush does most of the work for you by spinning to deeply clean and unclog your pores while thoroughly massaging your cleanser into your skin. (
  • How does the anti aging pores and skin solutions do the job? (
  • Don't make investments your income in anti aging pores and skin solutions that throw a pile of promises at you after which it hardly ever fulfill a certainly one of them. (
  • Alternatively, levitate toward the anti aging pores and skin goods that have their promises supported by industry experts and pros. (
  • One more method to find the proper anti aging pores and skin goods is always to check with other individuals which have applied the products you might be taking into consideration. (
  • Ask them how effortless the anti aging pores and skin goods are to make use of and no matter whether or not they felt that these kinds of solutions had been pricey. (
  • Whether or not you wish anti aging pores and skin solutions to boost the visual appeal of one's skin tone, or you desire anti aging skin merchandise to strengthen the visual appeal of your respective lips, you can find anti aging pores and skin goods that may enable you to with magnificence demands. (
  • Stratum Corneum - This is the dead skin layer that is visible when you look at your skin. (
  • Sweat Glands - These glands produce moisture (sweat) which is secreted through tiny ducts to the surface of the skin (stratum corneum). (
  • It prevents dryness and makes the skin look dewy, with fewer allergenic ingredients than our current anti-aging armamentarium. (
  • By eating Omega-3 rich foods - such as avocados, walnuts and flaxseeds - people can infuse necessary oils into their skin and reduce dryness. (
  • But sometimes the germs can cause a skin infection. (
  • This is a test to identify what type of infection you have, using a sample from your skin. (
  • It can be caused by a yeast infection, dry skin, or poor circulation. (
  • Infection of the skin itself by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites is the most common cause of skin lesions. (
  • Molluscum contagiosum is an infection that is marked by smooth white or flesh-colored bumps on the skin. (
  • Non-healing wounds, such as diabetic ulcers, venous ulcers, or pressure sores, can be treated with skin grafts to prevent infection and further progression of the wounded area. (
  • Consisting of a fabric of human or other mammalian cells combined with synthetic or biocompatible materials, these fake skins are placed on a wound to provide a protective barrier against infection and prevent leakage of vital fluids. (
  • I think in essence you have an allergic skin reaction, triggered by your recent infection and you should be taking a non-sedating. (
  • I think in essence you have an allergic skin reaction , triggered by your recent infection and you should be taking a non-sedating antihistamine tablet as well as using a special cream to stop itching - both of these from your GP. (
  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a subset of bacterial (staph) infection of the skin. (
  • A skin infection may be mild or serious. (
  • This common bacterial skin infection occurs when bacteria infect the deep layers of skin and nearby tissues. (
  • The herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is responsible for causing a herpes gladiatorum infection on the skin. (
  • Impetigo, also known as school sores, is a skin infection that causes sores and blisters. (
  • Ringworm is a specific fungal infection that causes a red or silver ring to appear on the skin, which may become inflamed or scaly. (
  • Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin infection that is characterized by the appearance of small, firm spots on the skin that develop in clusters. (
  • Seeing so many burn victims during his career, Burke had long been seeking a replacement for human skin that would prevent infection and dehydration. (
  • With this fact in thoughts, it then turns into probable to turn out to be a prudent shopper when it will come time to buy anti aging skin color items: when looking for anti aging skin products buyers must search for precise features inside the anti aging skin tone products they can be contemplating for purchase. (
  • An autograft is a type of graft that uses skin from another area of the patient's own body if there is enough undamaged skin available, and if the patient is healthy enough to undergo the additional surgery required. (
  • The condition of the patient's skin reveals the need for nursingintervention. (
  • The outcome: Over the course of 4 years, researchers found that skin disorders, joint disorders, and back pain were the top three reasons for the patient's visits to the doctor. (
  • If your face is shiny, try products customized for oily skin (Trifecta, Triple Effect Formula for Oily Skin from Lab Series for Men, or Clinique Oil Control Hydrator). (
  • Some face lotion from Nivea is for oily skin. (
  • This research shows for the first time, that poor sleep quality can accelerate signs of skin aging and weaken the skin's ability to repair itself at night," said Dr. Daniel Yarosh, a senior vice president at The Estée Lauder Companies, in a press release. (
  • Keratin is also found in skin cells in the skin's outer layer, where it helps create a protective barrier. (
  • Dead skin cells are polished away with the help of Alumina (Aluminum Oxide), the same key ingredient used by dermatologists to dramatically improve skin's texture. (
  • Equally, over-rinsing your skin can be drying because it upsets the skin's natural balance. (
  • Cold compresses applied to the affected skin and analgesic medicines can relieve some of the pain of sunburn. (
  • This is why your skin feels "tight" while experiencing sunburn. (
  • Squamous cell carcinoma begins in the squamous layer of the skin. (
  • They begin in the basal and squamous layers of the skin, respectively. (
  • High levels of UV radiation increase risk Fair skin that freckles or burns easily, blonde/red hair, light eyes greater risk. (
  • Fair or freckled skin that burns easily. (
  • Eczema is a general term for rash-like skin conditions. (
  • Also known as atopic dermatitis, eczema is a chronic skin condition that often presents in childhood. (
  • Eczema can worsen if the skin comes into contact with irritants. (
  • You might be surprised to find out it's the skin, which you might not think of as an organ. (
  • The skin is the largest organ of the human body. (
  • These cells keep the skin layer moist. (
  • UV rays can damage skin cells. (
  • As newer cells continue to move up, older cells near the top die and rise to the surface of your skin. (
  • What you see on your hands (and everywhere else on your body) are really dead skin cells. (
  • Though you can't see it happening, every minute of the day we lose about 30,000 to 40,000 dead skin cells off the surface of our skin. (
  • These keep your skin cells healthy by bringing them the oxygen and nutrients they need and by taking away waste. (
  • Without the nerve cells in our skin, we couldn't feel warmth, cold, or other sensations. (
  • A dry, horny build-up of dead skin cells that often flakes off the surface of the skin. (
  • In addition, the affected skin may feel indurated (hardened) because of the deposition of the coagulation protein fibrin and the infiltration by inflammatory blood cells (lymphocytes, histiocytes, and polymorphonuclear leukocytes). (
  • Intense inflammation may occasionally lead to the formation of blisters, caused by the effects of enzymes released from inflammatory cells, from the resident cells of the skin, or from blood plasma components. (
  • These can prevent the colonization of other pathogenic microbes by using up the nutritional sources that those harmful microbes require to survive and by producing toxic substances that stop the pathogens from adhering to skin cells. (
  • It starts in skin pigment cells called melanocytes. (
  • New research, just published in the journal Cell Reports, suggests that sperm cells can be created in the lab from skin cells. (
  • Their 84 minerals play a critical role in skin cells communicating with one another at a biologic level, and being able to regenerate and nourish the top layer of the skin with an improved water capacity. (
  • PEDICURE DEAD SKIN REMOVER HEAD - The dead skin remover will efficiently removes the head cells and dead skins at your elbow or under your foot. (
  • Teaming up during the 1970s, the two found thatcollagen fibers and a long sugar molecule (called a polymer) could be combined to form a porous material that resembled skin and, when placed on wounds of lab animals, seemed to encourage the growth of new skin cells around it. (
  • Meanwhile, at nearby Harvard University, Howard Green had begun culturing human skin cells under sterile conditions and growing a sheet of human epidermiscells from a tiny piece of a person's skin. (
  • This research has produced a product called Graftskin --a living skin equivalent made of purified bovine collagen into which dermal cells from infant boys' foreskin have been "seeded. (
  • On top of that layer is an epidermal layer ofthe cultured human skin cells. (
  • The immune system produces antibodies against specific proteins in the skin and mucus membranes, and the antibodies break the bonds between skin cells. (
  • Your skin repairs overnight, so you need adequate rest to keep skin cells functioning effectively. (
  • Vitamin A is an anti-inflammatory and supports the health of our skin cells. (
  • It happens when the pigment cells are destroyed, leaving patches of lighter skin in various places on the body. (
  • Last but not least, moisturize after shaving, because shaving exfoliates cells from your skin' surface. (
  • Pemphigus vulgaris is exhibited by blistering and sores on the skin and mucus membranes. (
  • About half of sufferers first develop painful blisters and sores in the mouth, followed by blisters on the skin that may come and go. (
  • Commonly referred to as cold sores, this skin virus can be transmitted by kissing, as well as sharing drinking glasses and utensils or lip balm. (
  • Researchers found that those who didn't sleep well exhibited more signs of skin aging including fine lines, uneven pigmentation and reduced skin elasticity. (
  • This detrimental circle of events causes a significant reduction in elasticity and results in the loss of our pert skin tone. (
  • The human skin is remarkably absorbent, for good or ill: Just as it can quickly absorb toxins in the environment, such as chlorine, it can absorb beneficial nutrients, such as natural crystal salts, essential oils, and pH-balanced water. (
  • Tobacco depletes the skin of oxygen and vital nutrients like vitamin C, which keeps skin youthful and nourished. (
  • Exercise is important because it increases blood flow to the skin, which facilitates the removal of toxins while also bringing oxygen and nutrients to the skin," Chwalek says. (
  • During that process, keratinocytes will become highly organized, forming cellular junctions ( desmosomes ) between each other and secreting keratin proteins and lipids which contribute to the formation of an extracellular matrix and provide mechanical strength to the skin. (
  • The pathophysiology of sensitive skin remains unknown, but the activation of sensory proteins followed by neurogenic inflammation is probable. (
  • These enzymes cause the breakdown of proteins responsible for the structural integrity of the skin. (
  • Made up of aloe vera, vitamins, and natural bronzers, the substance binds to proteins in your skin and turns them brown, according to Rhonda Venuto, a spokeswoman for Hollywood Tans--where a $25 session in a spray-on tanning booth allows you to apply that very solution evenly in 6 seconds without the DIY mess. (
  • Hot spots, hair loss, skin inflammation and crusty lesions can result from constant bothering of the skin. (
  • Inflammation is usually the result of the release of chemical mediators in the skin. (
  • Medications designed to counteract inflammation in the skin may antagonize the effects of mediators (e.g., antihistamines). (
  • Diaper dermatitis or rash is a group of skin conditions that involve inflammation of the skin in the diaper area. (
  • Eating the wrong foods can cause inflammation and cellular damage, which shows on your skin by accelerating wrinkle formation. (
  • People burn or tan depending on their skin type, the time of year, and how long they are exposed to UV rays. (
  • Hair is actually a modified type of skin. (
  • Like hair, nails are a type of modified skin - and they're not just for beauty. (
  • Lichen planus is a type of rash that forms on your skin, on genitalia, or in your mouth. (
  • Lichen sclerosus is a type of skin condition. (
  • We diagnose your skin type beyond the usual categories of Oily, Dry, Sensitive & Combination. (
  • this is really good moisturizer, I have oil skin type and I think that same product with SPF 25 is better for me. (
  • Which skin type is it good for? (
  • Candida albicans is a type of yeast that is naturally present on the skin in the groin area. (
  • Presence of tiny strawberry type of spots--look like bright red blood spots just under the skin. (
  • They're more common in people with pale skin and freckles, and much less common in darker skinned people. (
  • 2. Deep and Meaningful Pty Ltd P.O.Box 427 Ascot Vale Victoria, 3032 AustraliaCauses:  Bacteria (P.Acnes)  Hormones  Genetics  Mixing of cosmetic products  Oily environments(see also Blackheads, Whiteheads, Papules and Pustules) Treatment:  If you work in oily environments ensure proper cleaning to remove all residue from the skin and change affected clothing daily. (
  • This covering is necessary because the skin protects the body from fluid loss, aids in temperature regulation , and helps prevent disease-causing bacteria or viruses from entering the body. (
  • Bacteria are by far the most common skin microbes, although healthy, normal skin may also be home to fungi, viruses, and mites. (
  • Certain bacteria are referred to as transient, since it is only possible to culture them from skin samples now and then. (
  • These are generally Gram-positive bacteria such as Clostridium , but sometimes the Gram-negative bacteria acinetobacter grows in moist skin areas. (
  • One substance isolated from the skin secretions of the Foothill Yellow-legged Frog - a species once common in California and Oregon but now facing extinction - shows promise for killing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria. (
  • A person with a positive skin test along with an abnormal chest X-ray and sputum evidencing TB bacteria has active TB and is contagious. (
  • It's an ultra-potent glycolic clay mask that quickly eliminates breakouts by absorbing excess oil, killing bacteria and pulling impurities out of the skin. (
  • Allergic skin reactions can occur in response to medicines, such as insulin or diabetes pills. (
  • Knowing what laser is the most appropriate to use can only occur when your provider can accurately evaluate your skin and diagnose underlying skin conditions or other potential health issues you may have. (
  • They often grow on previously normal skin and most commonly occur on the head and neck, chest or back. (
  • Vitiligo-like skin lesions may occur in the rubber industry when thiols and quinones are used as additives. (
  • Where do skin tags occur? (
  • Skin tags can occur almost anywhere on the body covered by skin. (
  • Tags are typically thought to occur where skin rubs against itself or clothing. (
  • Because excessive drying of the skin may occur, start with one application daily, then gradually increase to two or three times daily if needed or as directed by a doctor. (
  • Even cancerous lesions of the skin frequently show some degree of inflammatory response. (
  • Freezing, a technique sometimes used to remove warts or other benign lesions of the skin, is also sometimes performed for the removal of skin tags. (
  • A balanced blend of mineral-based compounds, formulated on the basis of scientific research, can replenish and revitalize your skin, restoring its natural suppleness and moisture levels. (
  • A skin or pressure sore develops when the blood supply to an area of the body is stopped and the skin in that area dies, often leaving an open crater or ulcer in the skin. (
  • See your GP if you have any skin abnormality, such as a lump, ulcer, lesion or skin discolouration that hasn't healed after four weeks. (
  • They also gave a worse assessment of their own skin and facial appearance than people who sleep well. (
  • Some of these problems are skin conditions anyone can have, but people with diabetes get more easily. (
  • Other skin problems happen mostly or only to people with diabetes. (
  • Later in life, these glands produce less sebum, which contributes to dry skin in older people. (
  • Because HIV weakens the immune system , people with AIDS are more likely to suffer health problems, including those of the skin . (
  • People who suffer third-degree burns often require skin grafting. (
  • And when people age or develop diabetes, their skin loses resilience, leaving them prone to hard-to-heal wounds that can turn gangrenous, necessitating amputation. (
  • Chéreau's scrutiny is so patient, intimate, and unyielding that when two people suddenly touch on-screen-all credit to Gautier's practically under-the-skin cinematography-it's as if the viewer is in on the embrace too, salved by an unexpected gesture of tactile solace. (
  • People should treat the health of their skin as an integrated component of their overall wellness plan. (
  • People with low Omega-3 levels often struggle with dry skin, which can be particularly challenging in the winter months. (
  • The LEO Foundation supports dermatological research projects and activities, and LEO Innovation Lab develops digital solutions to improve the lives of people living with a skin condition. (
  • According to the most recent data available from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 71,943 people in the United States were diagnosed with melanomas of the skin in 2013. (
  • Some people call them 'skin tabs. (
  • Some people refer to these as 'skin tabs' or warts . (
  • Skin tags are more common in overweight people. (
  • Variations in this gene play an important role in the expression of lighter skin tones in people of European descent. (
  • The only good news is that relatively speaking very few people are infected with these skin parasites--less than ten thousand in the entire country and not all of them are contagious. (
  • This disease is more noticeable in those with darker skin, but can affect people of any race. (
  • For people buyers seeking to invest in anti aging skin color items, it truly is important to bear in brain that no two anti aging skin tone solutions are alike. (
  • Read about how other people rate the use of distinctive anti aging skin color goods and if they felt their money was effectively spent. (
  • Your provider may take the sample by swabbing or scraping your skin, or removing a small piece of skin ( biopsy ). (
  • A basic understanding of skin anatomy is important when explaining the process of skin biopsy. (
  • Each component of the skin plays a role in its daily function, therefore every component is a source of vital information that can be captured and assessed with a skin biopsy. (
  • It is these sensory nerves that are helpful when evaluating a skin biopsy. (
  • These nerves are the subject of evaluation when examining a skin biopsy after it has been immunostained. (
  • The arrector pili muscle is a source of information when evaluating a skin biopsy since it is well-innervated with autonomic nerves that control when the muscle contracts. (
  • These autonomic nerves are also visible when the skin biopsy is immunostained. (
  • Skin that is damaged extensively by burns or non-healing wounds can compromise the health and well-being of the patient. (
  • But in the not too distant future, scientists hope that artificial skin technology may advance to the point where it can replace the real thing, and we'll be able to quickly and seamlessly patch burns and wounds without harvesting skin from other sites on our hides, and produce grafts that are even more functional. (
  • The thickness of skin also varies from location to location on an organism. (
  • And, depending on the thickness of the graft, the replacement skin can lack certain features of skin, such as pigment, nerves or hairs. (
  • Plus, using lasers on darker skin can cause long-lasting discoloration. (
  • Solay Skin Therapy products can lessen premature skin aging and wrinkling, and yet are gentle on sensitive skin. (
  • Our skin also controls the loss of life-sustaining fluids like blood and water, helps us regulate body temperature through perspiration, and protects us from the sun's damaging ultraviolet rays. (
  • Artificial skins are only used when sufficient quantities of such skin grafts aren't available, such as when someone sustains massive burns over more than half his or her body. (
  • Up to half of the grafts of these skins don't take, for example. (
  • In a study of 85 burn patients, Dermagraft, used as a temporary skin until permanent skin grafts could be done, cutthe need for surgery in half and reduced hospital stays my months. (
  • Want a smooth, soft, tighten and more radiant skin? (
  • Diet "do's" and "don'ts" for healthy, radiant skin. (
  • Middle-aged, obese adults are most prone to skin tags. (
  • Males and females are equally prone to developing skin tags. (
  • Microbes are present across the entire skin surface, but bacterial species vary depending on body site, which is categorized as one of three types: dry, moist, or oily. (
  • Pityriasis rosea is a skin condition that causes itchy, red, scaly patches to develop, which commonly affects children and young adults. (
  • A person may look yellow because of liver problems, blue because of breathing problems, bruised because of blood disorders, or red because of skin problems. (
  • Established to serve the now more than 100 million Americans - one third of the U.S. population - afflicted with skin disorders, the organization's mission remains to. (
  • This book is a rich source of information on skin disorders due to toxicants in the environment. (
  • The main sign is a red, scaly patch on the skin that may itch. (
  • The cause is an over-active immune system that affects the skin and causes scaly, itchy, red patches. (
  • When skin is exposed to the sun, melanocytes make more pigment and cause the skin to darken. (
  • The anonymized data from you and thousands of others helps us better understand what impacts chronic skin development. (