Silver. An element with the atomic symbol Ag, atomic number 47, and atomic weight 107.87. It is a soft metal that is used medically in surgical instruments, dental prostheses, and alloys. Long-continued use of silver salts can lead to a form of poisoning known as ARGYRIA.
The use of silver, usually silver nitrate, as a reagent for producing contrast or coloration in tissue specimens.
A silver salt with powerful germicidal activity. It has been used topically to prevent OPHTHALMIA NEONATORUM.
Nanoparticles produced from metals whose uses include biosensors, optics, and catalysts. In biomedical applications the particles frequently involve the noble metals, especially gold and silver.
Pollution prevention through the design of effective chemical products that have low or no toxicity and use of chemical processes that reduce or eliminate the use and generation of hazardous substances.
An enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate. It is a cytochrome protein that contains IRON and MOLYBDENUM.
Finely powdered native hydrous magnesium silicate. It is used as a dusting powder, either alone or with starch or boric acid, for medicinal and toilet preparations. It is also an excipient and filler for pills, tablets, and for dusting tablet molds. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
Acute conjunctival inflammation in the newborn, usually caused by maternal gonococcal infection. The causative agent is NEISSERIA GONORRHOEAE. The baby's eyes are contaminated during passage through the birth canal.
Inorganic compounds that contain silver as an integral part of the molecule.
The seepage of fluids, debris, and micro-organisms between the walls of a prepared dental cavity and the restoration.
The chromosome region which is active in nucleolus formation and which functions in the synthesis of ribosomal RNA.
The production of adhesions between the parietal and visceral pleura. The procedure is used in the treatment of bronchopleural fistulas, malignant pleural effusions, and pneumothorax and often involves instillation of chemicals or other agents into the pleural space causing, in effect, a pleuritis that seals the air leak. (From Fishman, Pulmonary Diseases, 2d ed, p2233 & Dorland, 27th ed)
A plant genus of the family PHYTOLACCACEAE, order Caryophyllales.
One of the short-acting SULFONAMIDES used in combination with PYRIMETHAMINE to treat toxoplasmosis in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and in newborns with congenital infections.
The application of a caustic substance, a hot instrument, an electric current, or other agent to control bleeding while removing or destroying tissue.
Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.
Chemical agents injected into blood vessels and lymphatic sinuses to shrink or cause localized THROMBOSIS; FIBROSIS, and obliteration of the vessels. This treatment is applied in a number of conditions such as VARICOSE VEINS; HEMORRHOIDS; GASTRIC VARICES; ESOPHAGEAL VARICES; PEPTIC ULCER HEMORRHAGE.
Pleural diseases refer to medical conditions affecting the pleura, a thin membrane surrounding the lungs, leading to inflammation, fluid accumulation, or other abnormalities.
A congenital or acquired condition of insufficient production of ALDOSTERONE by the ADRENAL CORTEX leading to diminished aldosterone-mediated synthesis of Na(+)-K(+)-EXCHANGING ATPASE in renal tubular cells. Clinical symptoms include HYPERKALEMIA, sodium-wasting, HYPOTENSION, and sometimes metabolic ACIDOSIS.
Antibacterial used topically in burn therapy.
Invasion of the site of trauma by pathogenic microorganisms.
A suborder of HEMIPTERA, called true bugs, characterized by the possession of two pairs of wings. It includes the medically important families CIMICIDAE and REDUVIIDAE. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
INFLAMMATION of PLEURA, the lining of the LUNG. When PARIETAL PLEURA is involved, there is pleuritic CHEST PAIN.
An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)
The thin serous membrane enveloping the lungs (LUNG) and lining the THORACIC CAVITY. Pleura consist of two layers, the inner visceral pleura lying next to the pulmonary parenchyma and the outer parietal pleura. Between the two layers is the PLEURAL CAVITY which contains a thin film of liquid.
Cements that act through infiltration and polymerization within the dentinal matrix and are used for dental restoration. They can be adhesive resins themselves, adhesion-promoting monomers, or polymerization initiators that act in concert with other agents to form a dentin-bonding system.
The marking of biological material with a dye or other reagent for the purpose of identifying and quantitating components of tissues, cells or their extracts.
A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)
An NAD-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate. It is a FLAVOPROTEIN that contains IRON and MOLYBDENUM and is involved in the first step of nitrate assimilation in PLANTS; FUNGI; and BACTERIA. It was formerly classified as EC
The testing of materials and devices, especially those used for PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; SUTURES; TISSUE ADHESIVES; etc., for hardness, strength, durability, safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility.
Relating to the size of solids.
Electron microscopy in which the ELECTRONS or their reaction products that pass down through the specimen are imaged below the plane of the specimen.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.
Chromatography on thin layers of adsorbents rather than in columns. The adsorbent can be alumina, silica gel, silicates, charcoals, or cellulose. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
An iron-sulfur and MOLYBDENUM containing FLAVOPROTEIN that catalyzes the oxidation of nitrite to nitrate. This enzyme can use either NAD or NADP as cofactors. It is a key enzyme that is involved in the first step of nitrate assimilation in PLANTS; FUNGI; and BACTERIA. This enzyme was formerly classified as EC
A permanent ashen-gray discoloration of the skin, conjunctiva, and internal organs resulting from long-continued use of silver salts. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Inorganic salts of chloric acid that contain the ClO3- ion.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Membrane proteins whose primary function is to facilitate the transport of negatively charged molecules (anions) across a biological membrane.
Compounds of silver and proteins used as topical anti-infective agents.
An element with the atomic symbol N, atomic number 7, and atomic weight [14.00643; 14.00728]. Nitrogen exists as a diatomic gas and makes up about 78% of the earth's atmosphere by volume. It is a constituent of proteins and nucleic acids and found in all living cells.
Derivatives of ammonium compounds, NH4+ Y-, in which all four of the hydrogens bonded to nitrogen have been replaced with hydrocarbyl groups. These are distinguished from IMINES which are RN=CR2.
A metallic element with the atomic symbol Mo, atomic number 42, and atomic weight 95.94. It is an essential trace element, being a component of the enzymes xanthine oxidase, aldehyde oxidase, and nitrate reductase. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
A rare, metallic element designated by the symbol, Ga, atomic number 31, and atomic weight 69.72.
A vasodilator used in the treatment of ANGINA PECTORIS. Its actions are similar to NITROGLYCERIN but with a slower onset of action.
A volatile vasodilator which relieves ANGINA PECTORIS by stimulating GUANYLATE CYCLASE and lowering cytosolic calcium. It is also sometimes used for TOCOLYSIS and explosives.
Inorganic compounds that contain potassium as an integral part of the molecule.
The usually underground portions of a plant that serve as support, store food, and through which water and mineral nutrients enter the plant. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982; Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)
A vasodilator with general properties similar to NITROGLYCERIN but with a more prolonged duration of action. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p1025)
Museums in the medical field are institutions that collect, preserve, and display objects and specimens related to the history and practice of medicine, medical science, and healthcare.
Method of making images on a sensitized surface by exposure to light or other radiant energy.
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.

The role of prostaglandins in chemically induced inflammation. (1/222)

Dye leakage in rats, produced by intracutaneous injections of irritants into the abdominal skin, was quantitated using the Evans blue technique of Harada et al. (1971). In control rats and in rats pretreated with indomethacin (an inhibitor of prostaglandin synthesis) concentration-response lines were obtained for 5-hydroxytryptamine, histamine, bradykinin and prostaglandin E1, bradykinin in the presence of prostaglandin E1 (10-6 M), adenosine-5'-triphosphate, compound 48/80, capsaicin and silver nitrate. In rats pretreated with indomethacin the dye leakage responses to histamine, prostaglandin E1, adenosine-5'-triphosphate and silver nitrate were significantly reduced, but no significant changes were observed in the responses to the other irritants. It is suggested that part of the action of histamine, adenosine-5'-triphosphate and prostagland in E1 is produced indirectly by releaseor stimulation of the synthesis of prostaglandins or their precursors. These results might have important implications in the understanding of the inflammatory response.  (+info)

Persistent expression of serum amyloid A during experimentally induced chronic inflammatory condition in rabbit involves differential activation of SAF, NF-kappa B, and C/EBP transcription factors. (2/222)

The serum amyloid A (SAA) protein has been implicated in the pathogenesis of several chronic inflammatory diseases. Its induction mechanism in response to a chronic inflammatory condition was investigated in rabbits following multiple s.c. injections of AgNO3 over a period of 35 days. During unremitting exposure to inflammatory stimulus, a persistently higher than normal level of SAA2 expression was seen in multiple tissues. Induction of SAA was correlated with higher levels of several transcription factor activities. Increased SAA-activating factor (SAF) activity was detected in the liver, lung, and brain tissues under both acute and chronic inflammatory conditions. In the heart, kidney, and skeletal muscle tissues, this activity remained virtually constant. In contrast, CCAAT enhancer binding protein (C/EBP) DNA-binding activity was transiently induced in selective tissues. Higher than normal NF-kappa B DNA-binding activity was detected in the lung and to a lesser extent in the liver and kidney tissues under both acute and chronic conditions. This result suggested that C/EBP, SAF, and NF-kappa B are required for transient acute phase induction of SAA whereas SAF and NF-kappa B activities are necessary for persistent SAA expression during chronic inflammatory conditions.  (+info)

An in vitro coculture model of transmigrant monocytes and foam cell formation. (3/222)

To analyze in vitro the migration of monocytes to the subendothelial space, their differentiation into macrophages, and the subsequent formation of foam cells in vitro, we have developed a 2-coculture system with rabbit aortic endothelial cells (AECs), aortic smooth muscle cells (SMCs), and a mixture of matrix proteins on polyethylene filters in chemotaxis chambers. AECs were seeded on a mixture of type I and IV collagen with or without various types of serum lipoproteins (method 1) or on matrix proteins secreted by SMCs (method 2). In these coculture systems, rabbit AECs can maintain a well-preserved monolayer for up to 2 weeks. When human CD14-positive monocytes were added to the upper medium of the system, with monocyte chemotactic protein-1 treatment approximately 60% of the monocytes transmigrated within 24 hours and were retained for up to 7 days, whereas without MCP-1 treatment, <30% of monocytes transmigrated. On day 1, transmigrant monocytes were negative for immunostaining of type I and II macrophage scavenger receptors but by day 3, became positive for scavenger receptors as well as other macrophage markers. When oxidized low density lipoprotein was added to the matrix layer of the method I coculture, on day 4 transmigrant cells exhibited lipid deposit droplets, and by day 7, they had the appearance of typical foam cells. Some of the transmigrant cells recovered in the lower medium on day 7 also appeared to be foam cells, indicating foam cell motility and escape from the coculture layer through the filter. In summary, this coculture system is a useful in vitro tool to dissect the cellular and molecular events that make up the process of foam cell formation.  (+info)

Nitric oxide synthase-II is expressed in severe corneal alkali burns and inhibits neovascularization. (4/222)

PURPOSE: Inducible nitric oxide synthase (NOS-II) is expressed in many inflammatory conditions. The implication of nitric oxide (NO) in angiogenesis remains controversial. The role of NOS-II and its influence on angiogenesis in corneal neovascularization is unknown and was investigated in this study. METHODS: A mouse model of corneal neovascularization induced by chemical cauterization was used. NOS-II mRNA expression was analyzed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, and NOS-II protein was studied in situ by immunohistochemical analysis of the cornea. The influence of NOS-II on neovascularization was determined by comparison of vessel development in "normal" wild-type mice and mice with a targeted disruption of the NOS-II gene. RESULTS: NOS-II mRNA was induced to very high levels after corneal cauterization and remained upregulated throughout the disease. Migratory cells in the center of the cauterization area expressed NOS-II protein. The neovascular response in mice lacking the NOS-II gene was significantly stronger than in wild-type mice, and the difference increased over time. CONCLUSIONS: These data are the first evidence that NOS-II is expressed in this model of sterile corneal inflammation. NOS-II expression inhibited angiogenesis in severe corneal alkali burns.  (+info)

Mechanism of branchial apical silver uptake by rainbow trout is via the proton-coupled Na(+) channel. (5/222)

The branchial uptake mechanism of the nonessential heavy metal silver from very dilute media by the gills of freshwater rainbow trout was investigated. At concentrations >36 nM AgNO(3), silver rapidly entered the gills, reaching a peak at 1 h, after which time there was a steady decline in gill silver concentration and a resulting increase in body silver accumulation. Below 36 nM AgNO(3), there was only a very gradual increase in gill and body silver concentration over the 48-h exposure period. Increasing water sodium concentration ([Na(+)]; 0.05 to 21 mM) significantly reduced silver uptake, although, in contrast, increasing ambient [Ca(2+)] or [K(+)] up to 10 mM did not reduce silver uptake. Kinetic analysis of silver uptake at varying [Na(+)] showed a significant decrease in maximal silver transport capacity (173 +/- 34 pmol. g(-1). h(-1) at 0.1 mM [Na(+)] compared with 35 +/- 9 at 13 mM [Na(+)]) and only a slight decrease in the affinity for silver transport (K(m); 55 +/- 27 nM at 0.1 mM [Na(+)] compared with 91 +/- 47 nM at 13 mM [Na(+)]). Phenamil (a specific blocker of Na(+) channels), at a concentration of 100 microM, blocked Na(+) uptake by 78% of control values (58% after washout), and bafilomycin A(1) (a specific blocker of V-type ATPase), at a concentration of 2 microM, inhibited Na(+) uptake by 57% of control values, demonstrating the presence of a proton-coupled Na(+) channel in the apical membrane of the gills. Phenamil (after washout) and bafilomycin A(1) also blocked silver uptake by 62 and 79% of control values, respectively, indicating that Ag(+) is able to enter the apical membrane via the proton-coupled Na(+) channel.  (+info)

Silver-based crystalline nanoparticles, microbially fabricated. (6/222)

One mechanism of silver resistance in microorganisms is accumulation of the metal ions in the cell. Here, we report on the phenomenon of biosynthesis of silver-based single crystals with well-defined compositions and shapes, such as equilateral triangles and hexagons, in Pseudomonas stutzeri AG259. The crystals were up to 200 nm in size and were often located at the cell poles. Transmission electron microscopy, quantitative energy-dispersive x-ray analysis, and electron diffraction established that the crystals comprise at least three different types, found both in whole cells and thin sections. These Ag-containing crystals are embedded in the organic matrix of the bacteria. Their possible potential as organic-metal composites in thin film and surface coating technology is discussed.  (+info)

Enhancement of AA-amyloid formation in mice by transthyretin amyloid fragments and polyethylene glycol. (7/222)

The mechanism behind amyloid formation is unknown in all types of amyloidosis. Several substances can enhance amyloid formation in animal experiments. To induce secondary systemic amyloid (AA-type amyloid) formation, we injected silver nitrate into mice together with either amyloid fibrils obtained from patients with familial polyneuropathy (FAP) type I or polyethylene glycol (PEG). Mice injected with silver nitrate only served as controls. Amyloid deposits were detectable at day 3 in animals injected with amyloid fibrils and in those injected with PEG, whereas in control mice, deposits were not noted before day 12. Our results indicate that amyloid fibrils from FAP patients and even a non-sulfate containing polysaccharide (PEG) have the potential to act as amyloid-enhancing factors.  (+info)

Effectiveness of silver nitrate compared to talc slurry as pleural sclerosing agent in rabbits. Influence of concomitant intrapleural lidocaine. (8/222)

The ideal agent for producing pleurodesis has not been identified. Talc, the most commonly used, poses several problems. Another possibility is silver nitrate, which was widely used in the past. PURPOSE: To determine the influence of the intrapleural instillation of lidocaine in producing a pleurodesis with silver nitrate, to define the effect of lidocaine in the maturation of the collagen fibers, and to confirm that the pleurodesis after silver nitrate is stronger than after talc. METHODS: We studied three groups of 8 rabbits. Two groups received 0.5% silver nitrate; in one we had previously injected 0.5 ml of 2% lidocaine. The third group received 400 mg/kg talc (2 ml). The animals were sacrificed 28 days after the injection, and the pleural spaces were assessed grossly for evidence of pleurodesis and microscopically for evidence of inflammation and fibrosis. The total amount of pleural collagen and the distribution of thick and thin collagen fibers were quantified. Collagen was identified using picrosirius red stain. RESULTS: In the two groups that received silver nitrate (without lidocaine: 3.5 + 03 and with lidocaine: 3.2 + 0.3), the macroscopic pleurodesis (scale 0 - 4) was significantly (p = 0.001) better than that resulting from talc (1.6 + 0.2). The mean degree of pleural fibrosis induced by silver nitrate (3.5 + 0.2) was significantly (p = 0.004) higher than that induced by talc (1.9 + 0.1). The previous instillation of lidocaine resulted in a tendency for decreased amounts of fibrosis (3.1 + 0.4). The mean amount (10(3)mm2) of pleural collagen was significantly (p = 0.009) greater in the rabbits that received silver nitrate (116.9 + 22.7) than in those that received talc (10.7 + 3.4). The injection of lidocaine slightly reduced the collagen (80.1 + 30.3). The distribution of collagen fibers did not differ among the groups. CONCLUSION: This rabbit model clearly confirms that intrapleural silver nitrate is more effective than talc for producing pleurodesis. The previous intrapleural instillation of lidocaine results in a decreasing trend in the amount of collagen, but does not change the effectiveness of the pleural fusion or modify the process of collagen maturation.  (+info)

In the medical field, "silver" typically refers to silver nitrate, which is a medication used to treat various conditions such as burns, wounds, and eye infections. Silver nitrate works by releasing silver ions, which have antimicrobial properties that can help prevent the growth of bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Silver nitrate is often applied topically as a cream, ointment, or powder, and it can also be used as a solution for eye drops or as a douche for vaginal infections. It is important to note that silver nitrate can be toxic if ingested, so it should be used with caution and under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

Silver nitrate is a medication that is used in the medical field for a variety of purposes. It is a white or yellowish powder that is soluble in water and alcohol. In medical applications, silver nitrate is typically used as an antiseptic, to treat burns and wounds, and to prevent the growth of bacteria and fungi. It is also used to treat eye infections, such as conjunctivitis, and to treat skin conditions, such as acne and eczema. Silver nitrate is available in various forms, including ointments, creams, and solutions, and is typically applied topically to the affected area. It is important to note that silver nitrate can be toxic if ingested, and should be used with caution.

In the medical field, Nitrate Reductase is an enzyme that plays a crucial role in the metabolism of nitrate, a compound that is commonly found in vegetables and some drinking water sources. Nitrate Reductase catalyzes the reduction of nitrate to nitrite, which is then converted to nitric oxide (NO) by other enzymes in the body. NO is a signaling molecule that plays a vital role in many physiological processes, including vasodilation, blood pressure regulation, and immune function. Nitrate Reductase is therefore important for maintaining proper NO levels in the body, and its activity is regulated by various factors, including dietary intake of nitrate, oxygen levels, and pH. Disruptions in Nitrate Reductase activity can lead to a variety of health problems, including anemia, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease. In some cases, Nitrate Reductase deficiency can be treated with dietary supplements or medications that increase NO production in the body.

Talc is a naturally occurring mineral that is commonly used in a variety of products, including cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and medical devices. In the medical field, talc is often used as a powder to absorb moisture and reduce friction between skin and clothing, as well as to reduce the risk of skin irritation and infection. Talc is also used in some surgical procedures as a lubricant to help reduce friction and improve the ease of movement during surgery. However, talc has been associated with certain health risks, including the development of ovarian cancer, and its use in medical products is being closely monitored by regulatory agencies.

Ophthalmia neonatorum is a medical condition that affects newborn babies. It is also known as neonatal conjunctivitis or neonatal ophthalmia. The condition is caused by bacteria that infect the baby's eyes soon after birth. It is a common condition that affects about 1 in every 2,500 newborns in the United States. The symptoms of ophthalmia neonatorum include redness, swelling, and discharge from the baby's eyes. The infection can also cause the eyelids to stick together, making it difficult for the baby to open their eyes. If left untreated, the infection can lead to more serious complications, such as blindness. Ophthalmia neonatorum is usually treated with antibiotics, which are applied to the baby's eyes. The treatment is usually very effective, and most babies recover fully within a few days. However, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible if you suspect that your baby may have ophthalmia neonatorum, as early treatment is crucial for preventing complications.

In the medical field, silver compounds refer to substances that contain silver as an active ingredient. Silver has been used in medicine for centuries due to its antimicrobial properties, which means it can kill or inhibit the growth of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and fungi. Silver compounds are used in a variety of medical applications, including wound care, burn treatment, and the prevention of infections. Some common silver compounds used in medicine include silver sulfadiazine, silver nitrate, and silver chloride. Silver sulfadiazine is a cream or ointment that is commonly used to treat burns and other skin injuries. It contains silver ions that help to prevent the growth of bacteria and other microorganisms that can cause infections. Silver nitrate is a solution that is used to treat eye infections, such as conjunctivitis. It contains silver ions that help to kill bacteria and other microorganisms that can cause infections in the eye. Silver chloride is a powder that is used to treat wounds and other skin injuries. It contains silver ions that help to prevent the growth of bacteria and other microorganisms that can cause infections. Overall, silver compounds are an important tool in the medical field for preventing and treating infections. However, it is important to note that silver compounds can also have side effects and may not be suitable for everyone. It is always important to consult with a healthcare professional before using any medical treatment.

Dental leakage refers to the passage of bacteria or other microorganisms from the oral cavity into the surrounding tissues or the bloodstream through gaps or spaces in dental restorations, such as fillings, crowns, or bridges. This can lead to the development of dental caries (cavities) or other infections, and can also increase the risk of systemic infections, such as endocarditis or meningitis. Dental leakage can occur due to a variety of factors, including poor fit of the restoration, inadequate cleaning and maintenance, or the presence of cracks or defects in the restoration material. It is important to detect and treat dental leakage promptly to prevent further complications.

Sulfadiazine is an antibiotic medication that is used to treat a variety of bacterial infections, including urinary tract infections, skin infections, and respiratory infections. It works by inhibiting the growth and reproduction of bacteria in the body. Sulfadiazine is typically administered orally in the form of tablets or capsules. It may also be available as a liquid or as a cream or ointment for topical use. It is important to note that sulfadiazine is not effective against viral infections, such as the flu or common cold. It is also not recommended for use in pregnant women or children under the age of 12, as it may cause harm to these populations. Side effects of sulfadiazine may include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, and skin rash. In rare cases, it may cause more serious side effects, such as liver damage or blood disorders. It is important to follow the instructions of your healthcare provider and to report any side effects to them immediately.

Cautery is a medical procedure that involves the use of heat or electricity to destroy or remove tissue. It is typically used to treat or remove abnormal tissue, such as warts, skin tags, or certain types of cancerous growths. The heat or electricity is applied to the tissue using a special tool, such as a cautery pencil or an electrocautery device. The tissue is destroyed by the heat or electricity, which causes it to dry out and die. Cautery is a relatively quick and painless procedure, and it can be used to treat a wide range of medical conditions. However, it is important to note that cautery can sometimes cause scarring or other complications, and it may not be suitable for everyone.

'Anti-Infective Agents, Local' refers to medications that are applied directly to a specific area of the body to treat or prevent infections. These agents are typically used to treat skin infections, ear infections, eye infections, and other localized infections. They work by killing or inhibiting the growth of bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other microorganisms that cause infections. Examples of local anti-infective agents include antibiotics such as neomycin, polymyxin B, and bacitracin, which are commonly used to treat skin infections. Other examples include antifungal agents such as clotrimazole and miconazole, which are used to treat fungal infections of the skin, nails, and scalp. Local anti-infective agents are often available in the form of creams, ointments, gels, or solutions that can be applied directly to the affected area.

Pleural diseases refer to any disorders that affect the pleura, which is the thin, double-layered membrane that surrounds the lungs and lines the inside of the chest cavity. The pleura helps to lubricate the lungs and reduce friction as they move during breathing. Pleural diseases can be classified into two main categories: pleural effusions and pleural thickening. Pleural effusions are the accumulation of fluid in the space between the two layers of the pleura. This can be caused by a variety of factors, including infections, cancer, heart failure, and lung diseases such as pneumonia or tuberculosis. Pleural effusions can cause symptoms such as shortness of breath, chest pain, and coughing. Pleural thickening, also known as pleural plaques, is the thickening of the pleura itself. This can be caused by exposure to asbestos, which is a known carcinogen that can cause mesothelioma, a rare and aggressive form of cancer that affects the lining of the lungs and chest cavity. Pleural thickening can also be caused by other factors such as radiation therapy, infections, and autoimmune diseases. Other pleural diseases include pleural fibrosis, which is the scarring of the pleura, and pleural calcification, which is the formation of calcium deposits in the pleura. These conditions can also be caused by exposure to asbestos or other irritants, as well as by certain medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or lupus.

Hypoaldosteronism is a medical condition characterized by a deficiency or insufficiency of aldosterone, a hormone produced by the adrenal gland. Aldosterone plays a crucial role in regulating the balance of sodium and potassium in the body, which in turn helps to maintain blood pressure and fluid balance. In hypoaldosteronism, the body produces too little aldosterone, leading to an imbalance in sodium and potassium levels. This can cause a variety of symptoms, including low blood pressure, dehydration, muscle cramps, weakness, fatigue, and an increased risk of heart problems. There are several types of hypoaldosteronism, including primary and secondary forms. Primary hypoaldosteronism is caused by damage to the adrenal gland, while secondary hypoaldosteronism is caused by a problem with the pituitary gland or the kidneys. Treatment for hypoaldosteronism typically involves replacing the missing aldosterone with medication, such as fludrocortisone. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove damaged tissue from the adrenal gland.

Silver sulfadiazine is a topical medication that is used to treat burns and other skin infections. It is a combination of silver and the antibiotic sulfadiazine, which works by killing bacteria and preventing the growth of new ones. Silver sulfadiazine is usually applied to the affected area as a cream or ointment, and it is often used in conjunction with other treatments for burns, such as dressings and pain medication. It is important to follow the instructions of a healthcare professional when using this medication, as it can cause side effects such as skin irritation and allergic reactions.

A wound infection is an infection that occurs in a cut, scrape, or surgical incision. It can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other microorganisms that enter the body through the wound. Symptoms of a wound infection may include redness, swelling, warmth, pain, pus, and a foul odor. If left untreated, a wound infection can lead to serious complications, such as sepsis, which is a life-threatening condition that can cause organ failure and even death. Treatment for a wound infection typically involves antibiotics, wound cleaning and dressing changes, and in some cases, surgery. It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have a wound infection to prevent further complications.

Pleurisy is a medical condition characterized by inflammation of the pleura, which is the thin layer of tissue that covers the lungs and lines the inside of the chest cavity. This inflammation can cause the pleura to become thickened, sticky, and inflamed, leading to pain and difficulty breathing. There are two types of pleurisy: viral and bacterial. Viral pleurisy is usually caused by a respiratory virus, such as the flu or COVID-19, and is usually self-limiting. Bacterial pleurisy, on the other hand, is caused by bacteria and requires antibiotics to treat. Symptoms of pleurisy may include chest pain that worsens with deep breathing or coughing, difficulty breathing, fever, and a dry cough. Treatment for pleurisy typically involves pain management, antibiotics if the cause is bacterial, and rest. In severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary.

Dental cavity preparation is a dental procedure that involves removing decayed or damaged tooth structure from a tooth in order to create a smooth, clean surface for a filling or other restoration. This procedure is typically performed by a dentist or dental hygienist using specialized dental tools, such as dental drills and hand instruments. During a dental cavity preparation, the dentist will first numb the affected area of the tooth using a local anesthetic. They will then use a dental drill to remove the decayed or damaged tooth structure, carefully shaping the cavity to create a smooth, clean surface. The dentist may also use hand instruments to further refine the shape of the cavity and remove any remaining decay. Once the cavity has been prepared, the dentist will fill it with a dental filling or other restoration, such as a crown or a dental bridge. The restoration will be shaped to match the natural contours of the tooth and will be bonded in place using a special dental cement. Dental cavity preparation is an important procedure for maintaining good oral health and preventing further tooth decay. It is typically performed as an outpatient procedure and can be completed in a single visit to the dentist.

In the medical field, composite resins are a type of dental filling material that is used to restore teeth that have been damaged by decay or trauma. They are made up of a mixture of glass particles and a resin binder, and are often used to fill small to medium-sized cavities. Composite resins are popular among dentists because they are tooth-colored, which means they can be matched to the natural color of the patient's teeth. This makes them an attractive option for patients who want to restore their teeth without the use of metal fillings. In addition, composite resins are relatively easy to use and can be shaped and polished to blend in with the surrounding teeth. While composite resins are generally considered safe and effective, they may not be suitable for all patients. For example, they may not be a good choice for patients who grind their teeth or who have a high risk of developing cavities. In these cases, other types of dental fillings, such as amalgam or gold, may be a better option.

Chromatography, Thin Layer (TLC) is a technique used in the medical field to separate and identify different compounds in a mixture. It involves the use of a thin layer of a stationary phase, such as silica gel or aluminum oxide, which is coated onto a glass plate or plastic sheet. A sample mixture is then applied to the stationary phase, and a mobile phase, such as a solvent or a gas, is allowed to flow over the stationary phase. As the mobile phase flows over the stationary phase, the different compounds in the sample mixture are separated based on their ability to interact with the stationary and mobile phases. Compounds that interact more strongly with the stationary phase will be retained longer, while those that interact more strongly with the mobile phase will move more quickly through the system. TLC is a simple and inexpensive technique that can be used to separate and identify a wide range of compounds, including drugs, hormones, and other biological molecules. It is often used as a preliminary step in the analysis of complex mixtures, before more advanced techniques such as high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) or gas chromatography (GC) are used to further separate and identify the individual compounds.

Argyria is a condition characterized by the accumulation of silver in the skin, eyes, and internal organs. It is caused by prolonged exposure to silver compounds, such as silver nitrate or silver sulfadiazine, which are commonly used in medical treatments, cosmetics, and industrial applications. The symptoms of argyria include a blue-gray discoloration of the skin, particularly on the face, neck, and hands, as well as changes in the color of the eyes, such as a yellowish or greenish tinge. In severe cases, argyria can also cause damage to the liver, kidneys, and other organs. There is currently no known cure for argyria, and treatment is focused on managing the symptoms and preventing further exposure to silver compounds.

Chlorates are a class of inorganic salts that contain the chlorate ion (ClO3-). They are typically white or colorless solids that are soluble in water. Chlorates are used in a variety of applications, including as oxidizing agents, water treatment chemicals, and as ingredients in some medications. In the medical field, chlorates are sometimes used as a treatment for certain types of heart rhythm disorders, such as atrial fibrillation. They work by slowing down the electrical activity in the heart, which can help to regulate the heart's rhythm. Chlorates are also used as a source of chlorine in the production of certain medications, such as chloramphenicol. However, it is important to note that chlorates can also have toxic effects on the body, particularly on the thyroid gland. High levels of chlorate exposure can lead to hypothyroidism, which is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce enough thyroid hormones. As a result, chlorates are typically used with caution in medical settings, and their use is closely monitored by healthcare professionals.

Anion transport proteins are membrane proteins that facilitate the movement of negatively charged ions across cell membranes. These proteins play a crucial role in maintaining the proper balance of ions in the body, which is essential for many physiological processes, including nerve impulse transmission, muscle contraction, and the regulation of fluid balance. There are several types of anion transport proteins, including chloride channels, bicarbonate transporters, and anion exchangers. Chloride channels allow chloride ions to move down their electrochemical gradient, while bicarbonate transporters facilitate the movement of bicarbonate ions across cell membranes. Anion exchangers, on the other hand, exchange one anion for another across the membrane. Anion transport proteins can be found in various tissues throughout the body, including the lungs, kidneys, and gastrointestinal tract. Mutations in these proteins can lead to a variety of medical conditions, such as cystic fibrosis, which is caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) chloride channel.

In the medical field, silver proteins refer to proteins that have been chemically bonded with silver ions. These proteins are often used as antimicrobial agents due to their ability to kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Silver proteins have been used in a variety of medical applications, including wound dressings, antiseptic creams, and dental fillings. They are also used in some dietary supplements and cosmetics. The mechanism of action of silver proteins is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve the disruption of the cell membrane of microorganisms, leading to cell death.

In the medical field, nitrogen is a chemical element that is commonly used in various medical applications. Nitrogen is a non-metallic gas that is essential for life and is found in the air we breathe. It is also used in the production of various medical gases, such as nitrous oxide, which is used as an anesthetic during medical procedures. Nitrogen is also used in the treatment of certain medical conditions, such as nitrogen narcosis, which is a condition that occurs when a person breathes compressed air that contains high levels of nitrogen. Nitrogen narcosis can cause symptoms such as dizziness, confusion, and disorientation, and it is typically treated by reducing the amount of nitrogen in the air that the person is breathing. In addition, nitrogen is used in the production of various medical devices and equipment, such as medical imaging equipment and surgical instruments. It is also used in the production of certain medications, such as nitroglycerin, which is used to treat heart conditions. Overall, nitrogen plays an important role in the medical field and is used in a variety of medical applications.

Quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) are a class of cationic compounds that consist of a central nitrogen atom bonded to four alkyl or aryl groups, with one of the alkyl groups replaced by a positively charged ammonium ion. In the medical field, QACs are commonly used as disinfectants, antiseptics, and preservatives due to their broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity against bacteria, viruses, fungi, and algae. QACs work by disrupting the cell membrane of microorganisms, leading to cell lysis and death. They are particularly effective against Gram-positive bacteria, which have a thick peptidoglycan layer that can be penetrated by the positively charged ammonium ion. QACs are also effective against enveloped viruses, such as influenza and herpes, by disrupting the viral envelope. QACs are used in a variety of medical applications, including as disinfectants for surfaces and equipment, antiseptics for skin and wound care, and preservatives for pharmaceuticals and medical devices. However, QACs can also be toxic to humans and other animals if ingested or inhaled in high concentrations. Therefore, proper handling and use of QACs are essential to minimize the risk of adverse effects.

Molybdenum is a chemical element that is not essential for human health, but it is used in some medical applications. In the medical field, molybdenum is primarily used as a trace element in dietary supplements and as a component of certain medical devices. Molybdenum is a transition metal that is found in small amounts in many foods, including leafy green vegetables, legumes, and whole grains. It is also used in some dietary supplements to support bone health, cardiovascular health, and immune function. In addition to its use in dietary supplements, molybdenum is also used in some medical devices, such as orthopedic implants and dental restorations. Molybdenum is used in these devices because of its high strength, durability, and resistance to corrosion. Overall, while molybdenum is not essential for human health, it has some important medical applications and is used in a variety of medical devices and dietary supplements.

Gallium is a chemical element with the symbol Ga and atomic number 31. It is a soft, silvery-white metal that is used in a variety of medical applications, including: 1. Radiopharmaceuticals: Gallium-67 is a radioactive isotope of gallium that is used in nuclear medicine to diagnose and treat various types of cancer, including Hodgkin's lymphoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and breast cancer. 2. Imaging agents: Gallium compounds are used as imaging agents in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography (CT) scans to detect and diagnose various medical conditions, including infections, tumors, and inflammatory diseases. 3. Cancer treatment: Gallium nitrate is a medication that is used to treat certain types of cancer, including multiple myeloma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. 4. Wound healing: Gallium nitrate has been shown to promote wound healing by reducing inflammation and increasing blood flow to the affected area. Overall, gallium has a variety of medical applications, and its unique properties make it a valuable tool in the diagnosis and treatment of various medical conditions.

Isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN) is a medication that is used to treat chest pain (angina) caused by a lack of blood flow to the heart. It works by relaxing the blood vessels, which allows more blood to flow to the heart and reduces the workload on the heart. ISDN is also used to treat high blood pressure and to prevent blood clots in people who are at risk of developing them. It is usually taken by mouth as a tablet or as a spray under the tongue. Side effects of ISDN may include headache, dizziness, and flushing.

Nitroglycerin is a powerful vasodilator medication that is used to treat angina pectoris (chest pain caused by reduced blood flow to the heart muscle) and to prevent heart attacks. It works by relaxing the smooth muscles in the blood vessels, particularly those that supply blood to the heart, which increases blood flow and reduces the workload on the heart. Nitroglycerin is usually administered as a sublingual tablet or spray, which is placed under the tongue or sprayed into the mouth. It is absorbed quickly into the bloodstream and begins to work within a few minutes. The effects of nitroglycerin are short-lived, lasting only a few minutes to an hour, and the medication must be taken as needed to relieve symptoms. While nitroglycerin is a highly effective medication for treating angina, it can cause side effects such as headache, dizziness, and low blood pressure. It is also contraindicated in patients with certain medical conditions, such as uncontrolled high blood pressure or severe heart failure.

Potassium compounds are chemical compounds that contain potassium, which is an essential mineral for the proper functioning of the human body. In the medical field, potassium compounds are often used to treat potassium deficiencies or imbalances, which can occur due to a variety of factors such as malnutrition, diarrhea, or certain medications. Potassium compounds are available in various forms, including potassium chloride, potassium citrate, and potassium gluconate. These compounds can be administered orally, intravenously, or topically, depending on the specific condition being treated and the severity of the potassium deficiency. In addition to treating potassium deficiencies, potassium compounds may also be used to manage certain medical conditions, such as hypertension, heart disease, and kidney disease. However, it is important to note that potassium compounds can have side effects and may interact with other medications, so they should only be used under the guidance of a healthcare professional.

Pentaerythritol Tetranitrate (PETN) is a colorless, odorless, and crystalline solid that is used as a high explosive in the military and industrial sectors. It is a powerful oxidizer and is used in the production of other explosives, as well as in the manufacturing of rocket propellants and pyrotechnics. In the medical field, PETN is not used as a treatment or diagnostic tool. However, it has been studied for its potential use in the treatment of certain types of cancer. PETN has been shown to selectively kill cancer cells in laboratory studies, and it is currently being investigated as a potential treatment for certain types of solid tumors. It is important to note that PETN is a highly toxic substance and should only be handled by trained professionals in a controlled environment. Exposure to PETN can cause serious health problems, including respiratory distress, skin irritation, and eye damage.

... so the decomposition of silver nitrate yields elemental silver instead. Silver nitrate is the least expensive salt of silver; ... The silver nitrate reacts with copper to form hairlike crystals of silver metal and a blue solution of copper nitrate: 2 AgNO3 ... Treatment of silver nitrate with base gives dark grey silver oxide: 2 AgNO3 + 2 NaOH → Ag2O + 2 NaNO3 + H2O The silver cation, ... A typical reaction with silver nitrate is to suspend a rod of copper in a solution of silver nitrate and leave it for a few ...
... is the most common nitrate of cerium(III). It is a component in a burn treatment cream that also includes silver sulphadiazine ... Double nitrates of cerium also exist. Anhydrous cerous nitrate, also called cerium(III) nitrate, is the anhydrous salt with the ... Ceric magnesium nitrate Mg[Ce(NO 3) 6.8H 2O] Ceric zinc nitrate Zn[Ce(NO 3) 6.8H 2O] Ceric nickel nitrate Ni[Ce(NO 3) 6.8H 2O] ... Ceric rubidium nitrate Rb 2[Ce(NO 3) 6] is reddish yellow. Ceric caesium nitrate Cs 2[Ce(NO 3) 6] is very insoluble in nitric ...
The compound is a yellow liquid, decomposes at temperatures above 0 °C. 1. Reaction of silver nitrate on an alcoholic solution ... Bromine nitrate plays a role in tropospheric chemistry as it reacts with sulfuric acid. "Bromine nitrate properties - ... Spencer, John E.; Rowland, F. S. (1 January 1978). "Bromine nitrate and its stratospheric significance". The Journal of ... Parthiban, Srinivasan; Lee, Timothy J. (8 July 1998). "Ab initio investigation of the atmospheric molecule bromine nitrate: ...
The nitrate salt of the acetonitrile complex, i.e., [Cu(MeCN)4]NO3, is generated by the reaction of silver nitrate with a ... Copper(I) nitrate is a proposed inorganic compound with formula of CuNO3. It has not been characterized by X-ray ... Howard Houlston Morgan (1923). "Preparation and stability of cuprous nitrate and other cuprous salts in presence of nitriles". ... Gysling, Henry J. (1979). "Coordination Complexes of Copper(I) Nitrate". Inorganic Syntheses. 19: 92-97. doi:10.1002/ ...
... can be prepared by combining aqueous solutions of sodium carbonate with a deficiency of silver nitrate. 2 AgNO ... "silver nitrate". Retrieved 2014-07-21. Norby, P.; Dinnebier, R.; Fitch, A.N. (2002). "Decomposition of Silver ... Silver nitride was previously known as fulminating silver but due to confusions with silver fulminate it has been discontinued ... The thermal conversion of silver carbonate to silver metal proceeds via formation of silver oxide: Ag 2 CO 3 ⟶ Ag 2 O + CO 2 {\ ...
Silver Nitrate. Random House. 2023. Prime Meridian. Innsmouth Free Press. 2017. The Return of the Sorceress. Subterranean Press ...
It is a black, metallic-looking solid which is formed when silver oxide or silver nitrate is dissolved in concentrated ... Silver nitride was formerly referred to as fulminating silver, but this can cause confusion with silver fulminate or silver ... Silver oxide can also react with dry ammonia to form Ag3N. Silver nitride is more dangerous when dry; dry silver nitride is a ... This material is not explosive, and is not a true silver nitride. It is used to coat mirrors and shotguns. Silver azide "silver ...
Spider (1996) Bronze cast with silver nitrate patina. 9 ft. 3 in. x 27 ft. 4 in. x 26 ft. National Gallery of Art Sculpture ... 18 5/8 x 20 x 16 7/8 inches Clutching (1962). Bronze, silver nitrate patina. 12 × 13 × 12 inches. End of Softness (1967). ...
... nitrate is the starting material in all cases. The use of silver nitrate and silver halides in photography has rapidly ... Silver coin Silver medal Free silver List of countries by silver production List of silver compounds Silver as an investment ... silver amide, and silver fulminate, as well as silver acetylide, silver oxalate, and silver(II) oxide. They can explode on ... Salts of silver with strongly oxidising acids such as silver chlorate and silver nitrate can explode on contact with materials ...
Other dangerously explosive silver compounds are silver azide, AgN3, formed by reaction of silver nitrate with sodium azide, ... The common oxidation states of silver are (in order of commonness): +1 (the most stable state; for example, silver nitrate, ... Indeed, silver(III) fluoride is usually obtained by reacting silver or silver monofluoride with the strongest known oxidizing ... "Silver, Silver Compounds, and Silver Alloys" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2008. doi: ...
In 1899, he went into business with German chemist Hermann Hille (1871-1962), and created Argyrol, a silver nitrate antiseptic ... Barnes, Albert C.; Hille, Hermann Hille (1902). "A New Substitute for Silver Nitrate". Medical Record: 814-815. Declarations ...
The plate dripped silver nitrate solution, causing stains and potentially explosive build-up of nitrate residue in the camera ... 21.4 grams of silver nitrate are dissolved in 7.4 ml of water. 29.6 ml of alcohol are added. This is then poured into the other ... The silver nitrate bath was also a source of problems. It gradually became saturated with alcohol, ether, iodide and bromide ... As collodion is a sticky and transparent medium and can be soaked in a solution of silver nitrate while wet, it is ideal for ...
... or silver nitrate stick) is a device for applying topical medication containing silver nitrate and potassium nitrate, used to ... The silver and potassium nitrates in caustic pencils is in a dried, solid form at the tip of a wooden or plastic stick. When ... Silver nitrate sticks are often used for minor hemostasis where patients are not under general anesthesia, and where ... One common use of silver nitrate sticks is in emergency medicine, to control epistaxis (nosebleed). The stick is rolled on the ...
The application of silver nitrate to granulomas was first noted in early 1800s as a cauterizing agent. Silver nitrate can be ... Silver nitrate is the most common treatment and practiced worldwide. Neonatology textbooks suggest silver nitrate as a first- ... While painless, contact of silver nitrate to the adjacent, healthy, normal tissue may result in burns. Silver nitrate ... In the treatment of umbilical granulomas, silver nitrate is applied to the umbilical site to burn off the excess tissue. The ...
Chronic fissures can be cauterized with Silver Nitrate. "Nasal vestibulitis: Signs and symptoms". Webmed Diagnosis. Archived ...
... silver nitrate wrapped in paper for a year turned black This discovery of the sun's effect on powdered silver nitrate was not ... His experiments at this time with silver nitrate and silver salts were an important step towards the invention of the ... for silver nitrate, which he also called "lapis lunearis" and described in his Opera medica chimicae the smelting of silver ... "Beware of the Crysopoeans who pledge to transform tin into silver. For [...] this crystal [silver nitrate] can be so cleverly ...
... s, except for silver fluoride, are very insoluble in water. Silver nitrate can be used to precipitate halides; ... Although most silver halides involve silver atoms with oxidation states of +1 (Ag+), silver halides in which the silver atoms ... may each combine with silver to produce silver bromide (AgBr), silver chloride (AgCl), silver iodide (AgI), and four forms of ... A silver halide (or silver salt) is one of the chemical compounds that can form between the element silver (Ag) and one of the ...
Monsel's solution and silver nitrate interfere with the interpretation of biopsy specimens, so these substances should not be ... Alternatively, some physicians achieve hemostasis with silver nitrate.[citation needed] One model for scoring colposcopy ... Silver, Michelle I.; Smith, Katie M.; Stier, Elizabeth A.; Tedeschi, Candice A.; Werner, Claudia L.; Huh, Warner K. (2017). " ...
The hair is often stained yellow with silver nitrate. The canopies are rarely coloured glass, but employ linear painting and ... shading, and have elements picked out with silver stain. The robes employ intensely coloured glass, often flashed, and ...
Does not decompose or discolor the paper e.g. silver nitrate. Nonreactive with iodine, or with any of the other usual ... developed by silver nitrate. Cerium oxalate developed by manganese sulfate and hydrogen peroxide Some inks glow faintly ( ... Lead(II) nitrate, developed by sodium iodide. Iron(II) sulfate, developed by sodium carbonate or potassium ferricyanate. Cobalt ...
He primarily used glass negatives emulsified with silver nitrate. His images catalog portray the people of Diamantina and ...
The produced iodic acid is detected with silver nitrate. Ethylene oxide is extremely flammable, and its mixtures with air are ... AgO The resulting silver oxide then oxidizes ethylene or ethylene oxide to CO2 and water. This reaction replenishes the silver ... Other synthesis methods include reaction of diiodo ethane with silver oxide: I − CH 2 CH 2 − I + Ag 2 O ⟶ ( CH 2 CH 2 ) O + 2 ... They all use oxidation by oxygen or air and a silver-based catalyst, but differ in the technological details and hardware ...
The key reagent of Dieterle stain is silver nitrate. It can stain microbes like Treponema pallidum in grey or black and ...
... and Candida are organisms that are stained with silver.[citation needed] Silver staining is used in karyotyping. Silver nitrate ... Silver nitrate forms insoluble silver phosphate with phosphate ions; this method is known as the Von Kossa Stain. When ... After repeated washing with water, the gel is incubated in a silver nitrate solution. Silver ions bind to negatively charged ... Rabilloud T (1992). "A comparison between low background silver diammine and silver nitrate protein stains". Electrophoresis. ...
Similarly, silver acetylides can be obtained from silver nitrate. Calcium carbide is prepared by heating carbon with lime ( ... Formation of acetylides poses a risk in handling of gaseous acetylene in presence of metals such as mercury, silver or copper, ... This can be seen in their general stability to water (such as silver acetylide, copper acetylide) and radically different ... Cataldo, Franco; Casari, Carlo S. (2007). "Synthesis, Structure and Thermal Properties of Copper and Silver Polyynides and ...
Silver nitrate has also been used as a chemical cauterant. Apart from the mainstream approaches detailed above, there are ...
Some cauterizing agents are: Silver nitrate is the active ingredient of the lunar caustic, a stick that traditionally looks ... More modern treatment applies silver nitrate after a local anesthetic. The procedure is generally painless, but after the ... Ho, Chuong; Argáez, Charlene (2018). Topical Silver Nitrate for the Management of Hemostasis: A Review of Clinical ...
A silver nitrate solution is swirled about inside the ornament. This gives the ornament a silver glow. The outside of the ... Gold and silver are also very common, as are other metallic colours. Typical images on Christmas decorations include Baby Jesus ... The form was then gilded, silvered, or hand-painted. Sometimes a small gift or sweet was put into the form. Forms were usually ...
Silver chloride can be easily removed by hydroxides, hence other photosensitive pigmentation needs to be added. Silver nitrate ... Silver nitrate is an irritant and is used as a cauterizing agent at concentrations of 25% or higher. Electoral stain is ... "Silver Nitrate and Wound Care: The Use of Chemical Cauterization". WoundSource. 2021-03-10. Retrieved 2021-11-01. Toledo-Leyva ... One of the more common election ink compositions is based on silver nitrate, which can produce a stain lasting several weeks. ...
When you expose powdered silver nitrate to sunlight, it turns black as ink), and also its effect on paper; silver nitrate ... and a bottled mixture of chalk and silver nitrate in nitric acid, simply as an interesting way to demonstrate that the ... 1822 - Niépce abandons silver halide photography as hopelessly impermanent and tries using thin coatings of Bitumen of Judea on ... 1810 - Thomas Johann Seebeck records near-true colours of the solar spectrum on paper sensitised with silver chloride, though ...
Silver Nitrate Solution, 0.1 M, 500 mL. Flinn Lab Chemicals, Your Safer Source for Science ... Silver nitrate stains on clothing can almost always be removed by the use of Spray N Wash, which is obtainable in the laundry ... To remove silver nitrate stains on skin, glassware, or lab equipment use the gentle, but effective, Erada-Stain cream (Catalog ... Silver Nitrate Solution 0.2 M or Less * Silver Nitrate Solution, 0.3 M - 1 M ...
GFS Chemicals is a leading supplier of Silver Nitrate 99.99+%, CAS 7761-88-8, SKU 87824. GFS has the expertise to handle your ...
In Silver Nitrate, a cursed film propels 2 childhood friends to the edges of reality ... But in Silver Nitrate, theres something more subtle being woven. The story takes place in Mexico City in 1993, but its roots ... Unsurprisingly, she steeps Silver Nitrate in this well of eerie myth. Most visibly, the title of Uruetas Behind the Yellow ... But when it comes to her latest book, Silver Nitrate, it might be better to look back at the bestselling authors lesser known ...
Malaysia Nitrate Export, Wholesale, Manufacture provides by Myminingsolution Sdn Bhd. ... Silver Nitrate Specifications Silver nitrate CAS No: 7761-88-8 EINECS:231-853-9 M. F : AgNO3 Assay :99.8% min Silver nitrate ...
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What is silver nitrate and its toxicity and dangers. ... Nano-Silver is more effective than Silver Nitrate on account of ... Advantages of silver nanoparticles over conventional silver nitrate. * Silver nanoparticles attaches itself to the surface of ... you require a lot more silver nitrate than nano silver particles to do the same job. So why do companies use toxic silver ... Why we do not use Silver Nitrate AgNO3 Commonly, manufacturers claim that a product contains "silver", when in fact it contains ...
N/10 (0.1 Molar) Synonym: Lunar Caustic Solution
Your personal data will be used to support your experience throughout this website, to manage access to your account, and for other purposes described in our privacy policy.. ...
Test Kits and Refills → Taylor DPD Tablets and Liquid Reagents → Silver Nitrate ...
Silver Nitrate by Silvia Moreno-Garcia. Gordo by Jaime Cortez. Lost Children Archive by Valeria Luiselli. ...
Silver Nitrate. Moreno-Garcia, Silvia 0 This slow-burn horror thriller full of Mexican history and culture and laced with ...
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Silver nitrate. Although not widely implemented in clinical practice, topically applied silver nitrate is believed to ... and congestion are most likely to benefit from silver nitrate. In clinical trials, silver nitrate significantly improved nasal ...
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Full-plate silver nitrate tank, for the Laboratoire Américain. ... DescriptionFull-plate silver nitrate tank, for the Laboratoire ...
Salient(silver nitrate, be used in wound care) ⋁ Evidence: 0.25 ¬ Typical(silver nitrate, be used in wound care) ⋁ ... Typical(silver nitrate, be used in wound care) ⋁ Evidence: 0.35 ¬ Typical(silver nitrate, be used in cauterization of ... Plausible(silver nitrate, be used in wound care) ⋁ Evidence: 0.48 ¬ Plausible(silver nitrate, be used in cauterization of ... Salient(silver nitrate, be used in wound care) ⋁ Evidence: 0.70 ¬ Salient(silver nitrate, be used in cauterization of ...
Silver Nitrate by Silvia Moreno-Garcia. * $2800 $28.00 Unit price/ per ... Home › Silver Nitrate by Silvia Moreno-Garcia .selector-wrapper select, .product-variants select { margin-bottom: 13px; } ... auteur claims he can change their lives-even if his tale of a Nazi occultist imbuing magic into highly volatile silver nitrate ...
Nitrate Negative 2 Alex Ramsay, Silver & Glass. 04.18.2011. by Eileen Moylan // ...
Silver Nitrate AR/ACS, Silver Nitrate N/10 Solution, SILVER SULPHATE 98.5% Extra Pure (purified) and SILVER NITRATE 99% Extra ... Silver Salts. Our range of products include silver nitrate ar/acs, silver nitrate n/10 solution, silver sulphate 98.5% extra ... silver nitrate 99% extra pure, silver oxide alpha and silver carbonate 99%. ... Silver Nitrate is a laboratory chemical that has a molecular formula AgNO3 and molecular weight 169.87.. Available Packaging ...
Silver Nitrate by Silvia Moreno-Garcia. Readers familiar with Silvia Moreno-Garcias "Mexican Gothic" and "The Daughter of ... "Silver Nitrate." Set in 1993 Mexico City, lifelong friends Montserrat and Tristán find themselves at a crossroads in their film ...
Taylor R-0718-C 2oz Silver Nitrate Reagent. Code: TAY-TTR0718C-VL-BS ... Taylor R-0718-C 2oz Silver Nitrate Reagent ... Home / Taylor R-0718-C 2oz Silver Nitrate Reagent PRODUCT ...
Silver Nitrate Solution 0,1 mol/l (0,1N). FF063 20 L ...
KL Report SRINAGAR Police on Saturday recovered silver nitrate from a woman and detained her along with the husband outside ... An expert told GNS: "The silver nitrate can be used as an oxidizing agent and it is very costly," adding it can also be used in ... Sources said soon after the detection of the silver nitrate, the couple was immediately taken into custody and were shifted to ... Police on Saturday recovered silver nitrate from a woman and detained her along with the husband outside International Airport ...
Silver metal. 7440-22-4 (metal). VW3500000 (metal). Silver nitrate. 7440-22-4 (metal). VW3500000 (metal). ... Silver (metal dust and soluble compounds, as Ag) *. 7440-22-4 (metal). VW3500000 (metal). ...
The SEM micrographs indicated changes on enamel topography and different levels of silver nitrate penetration in the samples of ... In the overall analysis, the bleaching agents promoted surface changes and higher silver nitrate penetration when compared to ... Moreover, the higher infiltration of silver nitrate suggests an easier penetration path for the oxygen molecules into the ... For permeability evaluation, the samples were immersed in a 50% silver nitrate solution and analyzed using a backscattered ...
Silver Nitrate From the New York Times bestselling author of The Daughter of Doctor Moreau and Mexican Gothic comes a fabulous ... Catalina has recently married the chilly, imperiously seductive Virgil Doyle, heir to a now defunct British silver mining ... stretching from glamorous 1950s Mexican high society to the crumbling pride of an abandoned silver mine. Silvia Moreno-Garcia ...
Plate XII Silver Nitrate / Iron Sulphate / Lead Nitrate, 21 November 1926, Sun-Saturn Conjunction, 24.00 hours By tom April 3, ... Plate XII Silver Nitrate / Iron Sulphate / Lead Nitrate, 21 November 1926, Sun-Saturn Conjunction, 24.00 hours ...
  • Moreno-Garcia imbues the tangible qualities of physical books with a palpable, talismanic power, just as she does with the vinyl records and silver nitrate film within those novels. (
  • The color of precipitate varies with the halide: white (silver chloride), pale yellow/cream (silver bromide), yellow (silver iodide). (
  • It also occurs in powdery white (silver nitrate and silver chloride) or dark-gray to black compounds (silver sulfide and silver oxide). (
  • The EU and US time weighted average (TWA) exposure limit for silver nitrate is 0.01mg/m3 over an 8 hour period. (
  • 3 Ag + 4 HNO3 (cold and diluted) → 3 AgNO3 + 2 H2O + NO Ag + 2 HNO3 (hot and concentrated) → AgNO3 + H2O + NO2 The structure of silver nitrate has been examined by X-ray crystallography several times. (
  • The nitrate can be easily replaced by other ligands, rendering AgNO3 versatile. (
  • Treatment of silver nitrate with base gives dark grey silver oxide: 2 AgNO3 + 2 NaOH → Ag2O + 2 NaNO3 + H2O The silver cation, Ag+ , reacts quickly with halide sources to produce the insoluble silver halide, which is a cream precipitate if Br− is used, a white precipitate if Cl− is used and a yellow precipitate if I− is used. (
  • Silver Nitrate is a laboratory chemical that has a molecular formula AgNO3 and molecular weight 169.87. (
  • Argyria: clinical implications of exposure to silver nitrate and silver oxide. (
  • Silver nitrate is an inorganic compound with chemical formula AgNO 3. (
  • Albertus Magnus, in the 13th century, documented the ability of nitric acid to separate gold and silver by dissolving the silver. (
  • Indeed silver nitrate can be prepared by dissolving silver in nitric acid followed by evaporation of the solution. (
  • The information is important for you because silver may cause harmful health effects and because these sites are potential or actual sources of human exposure to silver. (
  • Treatment with solutions of halide ions gives a precipitate of AgX (X = Cl, Br, I). When making photographic film, silver nitrate is treated with halide salts of sodium or potassium to form insoluble silver halide in situ in photographic gelatin, which is then applied to strips of tri-acetate or polyester. (
  • A typical reaction with silver nitrate is to suspend a rod of copper in a solution of silver nitrate and leave it for a few hours. (
  • Aim: This study evaluated the surface roughness, topography and permeability of bovine enamel by profilometry and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with and without silver nitrate solution, after exposure to different bleaching agents. (
  • For permeability evaluation, the samples were immersed in a 50% silver nitrate solution and analyzed using a backscattered electron and secondary electron mode. (
  • Her latest novel likewise plumbs the mystery of an obsolete physical format popularized in the early 1900s: silver nitrate, the chemical basis of film stock that was phased out in the 1950s due to its volatility. (
  • Unlike vinyl records, which can last forever if cared for properly, silver nitrate film stock is combustible: The substance was actually used to make explosives at the same time moviemakers relied on it to help film their classics during the golden age of cinema. (
  • If you are exposed to a hazardous substance such as silver, several factors will determine whether harmful health effects will occur and what the type and severity of those health effects will be. (
  • La haute teneur en sel du pain blanc pourrait être un facteur qui contribue à la forte consommation de sodium au Maroc, surtout quand nous savons que le pain est un aliment de base dans le pays. (
  • Toutes les politiques et initiatives visant à réduire la consommation de sodium devraient cibler le pain comme outil stratégique pour réduire l'apport en sel. (
  • This reaction is commonly used in inorganic chemistry to abstract halides: Ag+ (aq) + X− (aq) → AgX(s) where X− = Cl− , Br− , or I− . Other silver salts with non-coordinating anions, namely silver tetrafluoroborate and silver hexafluorophosphate are used for more demanding applications. (
  • This step avoids confusion of silver sulfide or silver carbonate precipitates with that of silver halides. (
  • It is a versatile precursor to many other silver compounds, such as those used in photography. (
  • Silver could be found at hazardous waste sites in the form of these compounds mixed with soil and/or water. (
  • Therefore, these silver compounds will be the main topic of this profile. (
  • Throughout the profile, the various silver compounds will at times be referred to simply as silver. (
  • Photographers use silver compounds to make photographs. (
  • Rain washes silver compounds out of many soils so that it eventually moves into the groundwater. (
  • Over time it may change from the form first released, to metallic silver, and then back to the same or other compounds. (
  • Skin contact and breathing in air containing silver compounds also occurs in the workplace. (
  • Silver nitrate is highly soluble in water but is poorly soluble in most organic solvents, except acetonitrile (111.8 g/100 g, 25 °C). In histology, silver nitrate is used for silver staining, for demonstrating reticular fibers, proteins and nucleic acids. (
  • Unlike hydrogen peroxide, silver nitrate does not autonomously break down, it remains in the environment, ultimately depositing onto surfaces as a grey powder. (
  • Silver nitrate stains on clothing can almost always be removed by the use of Spray N' Wash, which is obtainable in the laundry products section of your local grocery store. (
  • Then Tristán discovers his new neighbor is the cult horror director Abel Urueta, and the legendary auteur claims he can change their lives-even if his tale of a Nazi occultist imbuing magic into highly volatile silver nitrate stock sounds like sheer fantasy. (
  • Silver that is released into the environment may be carried long distances in air and water. (
  • Each Ag+ center is bonded to six oxygen centers of both uni- and bidentate nitrate ligands. (
  • Moreover, the higher infiltration of silver nitrate suggests an easier penetration path for the oxygen molecules into the dentin substrate. (
  • An expert told GNS: "The silver nitrate can be used as an oxidizing agent and it is very costly," adding it can also be used in photography as well as medicine. (
  • Other sources of exposure include the use of silver in medicines, and in activities such as jewelry-making, soldering, and photography. (
  • Silver is rare but occurs naturally in the environment as a soft, "silver" colored metal Because silver is an element, there are no manmade sources of silver People make jewelry, silverware, electronic equipment, and dental fillings with silver in its metallic form. (
  • The SEM micrographs indicated changes on enamel topography and different levels of silver nitrate penetration in the samples of the bleached groups. (
  • Most people are exposed daily to very low levels of silver mainly in food and drinking water, and less in air. (
  • Photographic materials are the major source of the silver that is released into the environment. (
  • The evaluation of nitrate/nitrite-related health effects most often presents as a clinical evaluation of an infant with cyanosis. (
  • This Statement was prepared to give you information about silver and to emphasize the human health effects that may result from exposure to it. (
  • amount of added salt in commercial silver chromate. (
  • The silver in these sources is at least partially due to naturally occurring silver in water and soil. (
  • In the common orthorhombic form stable at ordinary temperature and pressure, the silver atoms form pairs with Ag---Ag contacts of 3.227 Å. (
  • Silver is stable and remains in the environment in one form or another until it is taken out again by people. (
  • As a customer centric organization of this domain, we are involved in manufacturing, supplying and exporting a quality proven collection of Silver Nitrate for our valued patrons. (
  • To remove silver nitrate stains on skin, glassware, or lab equipment use the gentle, but effective, Erada-Stain cream (Catalog No. AP7330). (
  • When using silver peroxide vapour to disinfect rooms with electronic equipment, it is important to note that aqueous silver nitrate takes part in a displacement reaction when added to copper. (
  • Because silver is an element, it does not break down, but it can change its form by combining with other substances. (
  • Nano-Silver is more effective than Silver Nitrate on account of the expansive surface area to volume ratio, increasing the number of particles discharged per unit mass of silver, thereby a greater amount of ions are involved in the cell destruction process. (
  • Official sources told GNS that during security check, police recovered 25 grams of Silver nitrate from Shazia Akhar, wife of Showkat Ahmad, who hail from Chattabal in outskirts of Old City here. (
  • Silver nanoparticles attaches itself to the surface of the cell membrane, interrupting permeability and metabolic pathways. (
  • In the overall analysis, the bleaching agents promoted surface changes and higher silver nitrate penetration when compared to the control group. (
  • Considering that most electronic circuit boards have copper tracks, it is also important for users to understand how the silver nitrate affects electrical equipment present in an enclosure during a decontamination cycle. (
  • Another source is mines that produce silver and other metals. (