Amino acid sequences found in transported proteins that selectively guide the distribution of the proteins to specific cellular compartments.
Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
The attitude and behavior associated with an individual using the computer.
Various units or machines that operate in combination or in conjunction with a computer but are not physically part of it. Peripheral devices typically display computer data, store data from the computer and return the data to the computer on demand, prepare data for human use, or acquire data from a source and convert it to a form usable by a computer. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
Familiarity and comfort in using computers efficiently.
Systems composed of a computer or computers, peripheral equipment, such as disks, printers, and terminals, and telecommunications capabilities.
A type of MICROCOMPUTER, sometimes called a personal digital assistant, that is very small and portable and fitting in a hand. They are convenient to use in clinical and other field situations for quick data management. They usually require docking with MICROCOMPUTERS for updates.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
Process of teaching a person to interact and communicate with a computer.
Input/output devices designed to receive data in an environment associated with the job to be performed, and capable of transmitting entries to, and obtaining output from, the system of which it is a part. (Computer Dictionary, 4th ed.)
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Computer-assisted processing of electric, ultrasonic, or electronic signals to interpret function and activity.
Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.
Computers in which quantities are represented by physical variables; problem parameters are translated into equivalent mechanical or electrical circuits as an analog for the physical phenomenon being investigated. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.
A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
The process of pictorial communication, between human and computers, in which the computer input and output have the form of charts, drawings, or other appropriate pictorial representation.
Short, predominantly basic amino acid sequences identified as nuclear import signals for some proteins. These sequences are believed to interact with specific receptors at the NUCLEAR PORE.
Small computers that lack the speed, memory capacity, and instructional capability of the full-size computer but usually retain its programmable flexibility. They are larger, faster, and more flexible, powerful, and expensive than microcomputers.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Computers whose input, output and state transitions are carried out by biochemical interactions and reactions.
The introduction of a phosphoryl group into a compound through the formation of an ester bond between the compound and a phosphorus moiety.
Data processing largely performed by automatic means.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
A computer architecture, implementable in either hardware or software, modeled after biological neural networks. Like the biological system in which the processing capability is a result of the interconnection strengths between arrays of nonlinear processing nodes, computerized neural networks, often called perceptrons or multilayer connectionist models, consist of neuron-like units. A homogeneous group of units makes up a layer. These networks are good at pattern recognition. They are adaptive, performing tasks by example, and thus are better for decision-making than are linear learning machines or cluster analysis. They do not require explicit programming.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
The visual display of data in a man-machine system. An example is when data is called from the computer and transmitted to a CATHODE RAY TUBE DISPLAY or LIQUID CRYSTAL display.
Recombinant proteins produced by the GENETIC TRANSLATION of fused genes formed by the combination of NUCLEIC ACID REGULATORY SEQUENCES of one or more genes with the protein coding sequences of one or more genes.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Proteins which are found in membranes including cellular and intracellular membranes. They consist of two types, peripheral and integral proteins. They include most membrane-associated enzymes, antigenic proteins, transport proteins, and drug, hormone, and lectin receptors.
Text editing and storage functions using computer software.
Computer-based systems for input, storage, display, retrieval, and printing of information contained in a patient's medical record.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
The degree of similarity between sequences of amino acids. This information is useful for the analyzing genetic relatedness of proteins and species.
A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.
The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.
The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.
Computers that combine the functions of analog and digital computers. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.
A broad category of carrier proteins that play a role in SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION. They generally contain several modular domains, each of which having its own binding activity, and act by forming complexes with other intracellular-signaling molecules. Signal-transducing adaptor proteins lack enzyme activity, however their activity can be modulated by other signal-transducing enzymes
The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.
Psychophysical technique that permits the estimation of the bias of the observer as well as detectability of the signal (i.e., stimulus) in any sensory modality. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Within a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-limited body which contains chromosomes and one or more nucleoli (CELL NUCLEOLUS). The nuclear membrane consists of a double unit-type membrane which is perforated by a number of pores; the outermost membrane is continuous with the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. A cell may contain more than one nucleus. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
The arrangement of two or more amino acid or base sequences from an organism or organisms in such a way as to align areas of the sequences sharing common properties. The degree of relatedness or homology between the sequences is predicted computationally or statistically based on weights assigned to the elements aligned between the sequences. This in turn can serve as a potential indicator of the genetic relatedness between the organisms.
Specific amino acid sequences present in the primary amino acid sequence of proteins which mediate their export from the CELL NUCLEUS. They are rich in hydrophobic residues, such as LEUCINE and ISOLEUCINE.
Computer systems utilized as adjuncts in the treatment of disease.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
The process of moving proteins from one cellular compartment (including extracellular) to another by various sorting and transport mechanisms such as gated transport, protein translocation, and vesicular transport.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.
The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
The science of designing, building or equipping mechanical devices or artificial environments to the anthropometric, physiological, or psychological requirements of the people who will use them.
Harmful and painful condition caused by overuse or overexertion of some part of the musculoskeletal system, often resulting from work-related physical activities. It is characterized by inflammation, pain, or dysfunction of the involved joints, bones, ligaments, and nerves.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
Communication between animals involving the giving off by one individual of some chemical or physical signal, that, on being received by another, influences its behavior.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of genetic processes or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).
Conversion of an inactive form of an enzyme to one possessing metabolic activity. It includes 1, activation by ions (activators); 2, activation by cofactors (coenzymes); and 3, conversion of an enzyme precursor (proenzyme or zymogen) to an active enzyme.
Use of computers or computer systems for doing routine clerical work, e.g., billing, records pertaining to the administration of the office, etc.
Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.
Signal transduction mechanisms whereby calcium mobilization (from outside the cell or from intracellular storage pools) to the cytoplasm is triggered by external stimuli. Calcium signals are often seen to propagate as waves, oscillations, spikes, sparks, or puffs. The calcium acts as an intracellular messenger by activating calcium-responsive proteins.
A signal transducer and activator of transcription that mediates cellular responses to INTERLEUKIN-6 family members. STAT3 is constitutively activated in a variety of TUMORS and is a major downstream transducer for the CYTOKINE RECEPTOR GP130.
A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.
The part of a cell that contains the CYTOSOL and small structures excluding the CELL NUCLEUS; MITOCHONDRIA; and large VACUOLES. (Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)
The use of computers for designing and/or manufacturing of anything, including drugs, surgical procedures, orthotics, and prosthetics.
Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.
Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)
The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Devices capable of receiving data, retaining data for an indefinite or finite period of time, and supplying data upon demand.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.
Extrachromosomal, usually CIRCULAR DNA molecules that are self-replicating and transferable from one organism to another. They are found in a variety of bacterial, archaeal, fungal, algal, and plant species. They are used in GENETIC ENGINEERING as CLONING VECTORS.
Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.
Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.
A system in which the functions of the man and the machine are interrelated and necessary for the operation of the system.
Single-stranded complementary DNA synthesized from an RNA template by the action of RNA-dependent DNA polymerase. cDNA (i.e., complementary DNA, not circular DNA, not C-DNA) is used in a variety of molecular cloning experiments as well as serving as a specific hybridization probe.
The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.
Microscopy of specimens stained with fluorescent dye (usually fluorescein isothiocyanate) or of naturally fluorescent materials, which emit light when exposed to ultraviolet or blue light. Immunofluorescence microscopy utilizes antibodies that are labeled with fluorescent dye.
One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.
Any visible result of a procedure which is caused by the procedure itself and not by the entity being analyzed. Common examples include histological structures introduced by tissue processing, radiographic images of structures that are not naturally present in living tissue, and products of chemical reactions that occur during analysis.
Integrated, computer-assisted systems designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information concerned with the administrative and clinical aspects of providing medical services within the hospital.
Genetically engineered MUTAGENESIS at a specific site in the DNA molecule that introduces a base substitution, or an insertion or deletion.
Any of various enzymatically catalyzed post-translational modifications of PEPTIDES or PROTEINS in the cell of origin. These modifications include carboxylation; HYDROXYLATION; ACETYLATION; PHOSPHORYLATION; METHYLATION; GLYCOSYLATION; ubiquitination; oxidation; proteolysis; and crosslinking and result in changes in molecular weight and electrophoretic motility.
Equipment that provides mentally or physically disabled persons with a means of communication. The aids include display boards, typewriters, cathode ray tubes, computers, and speech synthesizers. The output of such aids includes written words, artificial speech, language signs, Morse code, and pictures.
Methods developed to aid in the interpretation of ultrasound, radiographic images, etc., for diagnosis of disease.
Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.
The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.
DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.
Members of the class of compounds composed of AMINO ACIDS joined together by peptide bonds between adjacent amino acids into linear, branched or cyclical structures. OLIGOPEPTIDES are composed of approximately 2-12 amino acids. Polypeptides are composed of approximately 13 or more amino acids. PROTEINS are linear polypeptides that are normally synthesized on RIBOSOMES.
Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.
A molecule that binds to another molecule, used especially to refer to a small molecule that binds specifically to a larger molecule, e.g., an antigen binding to an antibody, a hormone or neurotransmitter binding to a receptor, or a substrate or allosteric effector binding to an enzyme. Ligands are also molecules that donate or accept a pair of electrons to form a coordinate covalent bond with the central metal atom of a coordination complex. (From Dorland, 27th ed)
The spatial arrangement of the atoms of a nucleic acid or polynucleotide that results in its characteristic 3-dimensional shape.
Instrumentation consisting of hardware and software that communicates with the BRAIN. The hardware component of the interface records brain signals, while the software component analyzes the signals and converts them into a command that controls a device or sends a feedback signal to the brain.
Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.
The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.
The transmission and reproduction of transient images of fixed or moving objects. An electronic system of transmitting such images together with sound over a wire or through space by apparatus that converts light and sound into electrical waves and reconverts them into visible light rays and audible sound. (From Webster, 3rd ed)
CELL LINES derived from the CV-1 cell line by transformation with a replication origin defective mutant of SV40 VIRUS, which codes for wild type large T antigen (ANTIGENS, POLYOMAVIRUS TRANSFORMING). They are used for transfection and cloning. (The CV-1 cell line was derived from the kidney of an adult male African green monkey (CERCOPITHECUS AETHIOPS).)
Materials, frequently computer applications, that combine some or all of text, sound, graphics, animation, and video into integrated packages. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)
Protein analogs and derivatives of the Aequorea victoria green fluorescent protein that emit light (FLUORESCENCE) when excited with ULTRAVIOLET RAYS. They are used in REPORTER GENES in doing GENETIC TECHNIQUES. Numerous mutants have been made to emit other colors or be sensitive to pH.
A non-essential amino acid. In animals it is synthesized from PHENYLALANINE. It is also the precursor of EPINEPHRINE; THYROID HORMONES; and melanin.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.
Cell surface proteins that bind signalling molecules external to the cell with high affinity and convert this extracellular event into one or more intracellular signals that alter the behavior of the target cell (From Alberts, Molecular Biology of the Cell, 2nd ed, pp693-5). Cell surface receptors, unlike enzymes, do not chemically alter their ligands.
A multistage process that includes cloning, physical mapping, subcloning, determination of the DNA SEQUENCE, and information analysis.
Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).
Improvement of the quality of a picture by various techniques, including computer processing, digital filtering, echocardiographic techniques, light and ultrastructural MICROSCOPY, fluorescence spectrometry and microscopy, scintigraphy, and in vitro image processing at the molecular level.
Statistical formulations or analyses which, when applied to data and found to fit the data, are then used to verify the assumptions and parameters used in the analysis. Examples of statistical models are the linear model, binomial model, polynomial model, two-parameter model, etc.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
Specifications and instructions applied to the software.
A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.
A superfamily of PROTEIN-SERINE-THREONINE KINASES that are activated by diverse stimuli via protein kinase cascades. They are the final components of the cascades, activated by phosphorylation by MITOGEN-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASE KINASES, which in turn are activated by mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinases (MAP KINASE KINASE KINASES).
In statistics, a technique for numerically approximating the solution of a mathematical problem by studying the distribution of some random variable, often generated by a computer. The name alludes to the randomness characteristic of the games of chance played at the gambling casinos in Monte Carlo. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed, 1993)
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
The relationship between the chemical structure of a compound and its biological or pharmacological activity. Compounds are often classed together because they have structural characteristics in common including shape, size, stereochemical arrangement, and distribution of functional groups.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Controlled operation of an apparatus, process, or system by mechanical or electronic devices that take the place of human organs of observation, effort, and decision. (From Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 1993)
A group of enzymes that catalyzes the phosphorylation of serine or threonine residues in proteins, with ATP or other nucleotides as phosphate donors.
The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).
Automated systems applied to the patient care process including diagnosis, therapy, and systems of communicating medical data within the health care setting.
A technique that localizes specific nucleic acid sequences within intact chromosomes, eukaryotic cells, or bacterial cells through the use of specific nucleic acid-labeled probes.
The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.
Commonly observed structural components of proteins formed by simple combinations of adjacent secondary structures. A commonly observed structure may be composed of a CONSERVED SEQUENCE which can be represented by a CONSENSUS SEQUENCE.
Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)
The first continuously cultured human malignant CELL LINE, derived from the cervical carcinoma of Henrietta Lacks. These cells are used for VIRUS CULTIVATION and antitumor drug screening assays.
Information systems, usually computer-assisted, designed to store, manipulate, and retrieve information for planning, organizing, directing, and controlling administrative activities associated with the provision and utilization of ambulatory care services and facilities.
Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
A mechanism of communication within a system in that the input signal generates an output response which returns to influence the continued activity or productivity of that system.
Diseases of the muscles and their associated ligaments and other connective tissue and of the bones and cartilage viewed collectively.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue. If they can be established as a TUMOR CELL LINE, they can be propagated in cell culture indefinitely.
The relationships of groups of organisms as reflected by their genetic makeup.
Compounds or agents that combine with an enzyme in such a manner as to prevent the normal substrate-enzyme combination and the catalytic reaction.
A system of cisternae in the CYTOPLASM of many cells. In places the endoplasmic reticulum is continuous with the plasma membrane (CELL MEMBRANE) or outer membrane of the nuclear envelope. If the outer surfaces of the endoplasmic reticulum membranes are coated with ribosomes, the endoplasmic reticulum is said to be rough-surfaced (ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM, ROUGH); otherwise it is said to be smooth-surfaced (ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM, SMOOTH). (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
The sequential correspondence of nucleotides in one nucleic acid molecule with those of another nucleic acid molecule. Sequence homology is an indication of the genetic relatedness of different organisms and gene function.
A variation of the PCR technique in which cDNA is made from RNA via reverse transcription. The resultant cDNA is then amplified using standard PCR protocols.
A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
Glycoproteins found on the membrane or surface of cells.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.
Studies determining the effectiveness or value of processes, personnel, and equipment, or the material on conducting such studies. For drugs and devices, CLINICAL TRIALS AS TOPIC; DRUG EVALUATION; and DRUG EVALUATION, PRECLINICAL are available.
Gated transport mechanisms by which proteins or RNA are moved across the NUCLEAR MEMBRANE.
The biosynthesis of PEPTIDES and PROTEINS on RIBOSOMES, directed by MESSENGER RNA, via TRANSFER RNA that is charged with standard proteinogenic AMINO ACIDS.
A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.
Proteins found in the nucleus of a cell. Do not confuse with NUCLEOPROTEINS which are proteins conjugated with nucleic acids, that are not necessarily present in the nucleus.
A light microscopic technique in which only a small spot is illuminated and observed at a time. An image is constructed through point-by-point scanning of the field in this manner. Light sources may be conventional or laser, and fluorescence or transmitted observations are possible.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
In vitro method for producing large amounts of specific DNA or RNA fragments of defined length and sequence from small amounts of short oligonucleotide flanking sequences (primers). The essential steps include thermal denaturation of the double-stranded target molecules, annealing of the primers to their complementary sequences, and extension of the annealed primers by enzymatic synthesis with DNA polymerase. The reaction is efficient, specific, and extremely sensitive. Uses for the reaction include disease diagnosis, detection of difficult-to-isolate pathogens, mutation analysis, genetic testing, DNA sequencing, and analyzing evolutionary relationships.
Proteins obtained from ESCHERICHIA COLI.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.
A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.
A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Recording of pertinent information concerning patient's illness or illnesses.
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Application of statistical procedures to analyze specific observed or assumed facts from a particular study.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.
The evaluation of incidents involving the loss of function of a device. These evaluations are used for a variety of purposes such as to determine the failure rates, the causes of failures, costs of failures, and the reliability and maintainability of devices.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified - cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
Proteins and peptides that are involved in SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION within the cell. Included here are peptides and proteins that regulate the activity of TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS and cellular processes in response to signals from CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS. Intracellular signaling peptide and proteins may be part of an enzymatic signaling cascade or act through binding to and modifying the action of other signaling factors.
The study, control, and application of the conduction of ELECTRICITY through gases or vacuum, or through semiconducting or conducting materials. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.
Computer-assisted analysis and processing of problems in a particular area.
A polynucleotide consisting essentially of chains with a repeating backbone of phosphate and ribose units to which nitrogenous bases are attached. RNA is unique among biological macromolecules in that it can encode genetic information, serve as an abundant structural component of cells, and also possesses catalytic activity. (Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)
In INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, machine-sensing or identification of visible patterns (shapes, forms, and configurations). (Harrod's Librarians' Glossary, 7th ed)

Phase reversal of biomechanical functions and muscle activity in backward pedaling. (1/3966)

Computer simulations of pedaling have shown that a wide range of pedaling tasks can be performed if each limb has the capability of executing six biomechanical functions, which are arranged into three pairs of alternating antagonistic functions. An Ext/Flex pair accelerates the limb into extension or flexion, a Plant/Dorsi pair accelerates the foot into plantarflexion or dorsiflexion, and an Ant/Post pair accelerates the foot anteriorly or posteriorly relative to the pelvis. Because each biomechanical function (i.e., Ext, Flex, Plant, Dorsi, Ant, or Post) contributes to crank propulsion during a specific region in the cycle, phasing of a muscle is hypothesized to be a consequence of its ability to contribute to one or more of the biomechanical functions. Analysis of electromyogram (EMG) patterns has shown that this biomechanical framework assists in the interpretation of muscle activity in healthy and hemiparetic subjects during forward pedaling. Simulations show that backward pedaling can be produced with a phase shift of 180 degrees in the Ant/Post pair. No phase shifts in the Ext/Flex and Plant/Dorsi pairs are then necessary. To further test whether this simple yet biomechanically viable strategy may be used by the nervous system, EMGs from 7 muscles in 16 subjects were measured during backward as well as forward pedaling. As predicted, phasing in vastus medialis (VM), tibialis anterior (TA), medial gastrocnemius (MG), and soleus (SL) were unaffected by pedaling direction, with VM and SL contributing to Ext, MG to Plant, and TA to Dorsi. In contrast, phasing in biceps femoris (BF) and semimembranosus (SM) were affected by pedaling direction, as predicted, compatible with their contribution to the directionally sensitive Post function. Phasing of rectus femoris (RF) was also affected by pedaling direction; however, its ability to contribute to the directionally sensitive Ant function may only be expressed in forward pedaling. RF also contributed significantly to the directionally insensitive Ext function in both forward and backward pedaling. Other muscles also appear to have contributed to more than one function, which was especially evident in backward pedaling (i.e. , BF, SM, MG, and TA to Flex). We conclude that the phasing of only the Ant and Post biomechanical functions are directionally sensitive. Further, we suggest that task-dependent modulation of the expression of the functions in the motor output provides this biomechanics-based neural control scheme with the capability to execute a variety of lower limb tasks, including walking.  (+info)

Varying the degree of single-whisker stimulation differentially affects phases of intrinsic signals in rat barrel cortex. (2/3966)

Using intrinsic signal optical imaging (ISI), we have shown previously that the point spread of evoked activity in the rat barrel cortex in response to single-whisker stimulation encompasses a surprisingly large area. Given that our typical stimulation consists of five deflections at 5 Hz, the large area of evoked activity might have resulted from repetitive stimulation. Thus in the present study, we use ISI through the thinned skull to determine whether decreasing the degree of single-whisker stimulation decreases the area of the cortical point spread. We additionally outline a protocol to quantify stimulus-related differences in the temporal characteristics of intrinsic signals at a fine spatial scale. In 10 adult rats, whisker C2 was stimulated randomly with either one or five deflections delivered in a rostral-to-caudal fashion. Each deflection consisted of a 0.5-mm displacement of the whisker as measured at the point of contact, 15 mm from the snout. The number of whisker deflections did not affect the area or peak magnitude of the cortical point spread based on the intrinsic signal activity occurring from 0.5 up to 1.5 s poststimulus onset. In contrast, the magnitude and time course of intrinsic signal activity collected after 1.5-s poststimulus onset did reflect the difference in the degree of stimulation. Thus decreasing the degree of stimulation differentially affected the early and late phases of the evoked intrinsic signal response. The implications of the present results are discussed in respect to probable differences in the signal source underlying the early versus later phases of evoked intrinsic signals.  (+info)

A new filtering algorithm for medical magnetic resonance and computer tomography images. (3/3966)

Inner views of tubular structures based on computer tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance (MR) data sets may be created by virtual endoscopy. After a preliminary segmentation procedure for selecting the organ to be represented, the virtual endoscopy is a new postprocessing technique using surface or volume rendering of the data sets. In the case of surface rendering, the segmentation is based on a grey level thresholding technique. To avoid artifacts owing to the noise created in the imaging process, and to restore spurious resolution degradations, a robust Wiener filter was applied. This filter working in Fourier space approximates the noise spectrum by a simple function that is proportional to the square root of the signal amplitude. Thus, only points with tiny amplitudes consisting mostly of noise are suppressed. Further artifacts are avoided by the correct selection of the threshold range. Afterwards, the lumen and the inner walls of the tubular structures are well represented and allow one to distinguish between harmless fluctuations and medically significant structures.  (+info)

Image processing strategies in picture archiving and communication systems. (4/3966)

An image processing strategy is presented that assures very similar soft-copy presentation on diagnostic workstations of a picture archiving and communication system (PACS) over the lifetime of an image file and simultaneously provides efficient work-flow. The strategy is based on rigid partitioning of image processing into application- and display-device-specific processing. Application-specific processing is optimized for a reference display system. A description of this system is attached to the file header of the application-specifically processed image which is stored in the PACS. Every diagnostic display system automatically reproduces the image quality for which the application-specific processing was optimized by adjusting its properties by display-system-specific processing so that the system becomes effectively equal to the reference display system.  (+info)

A new tool for measuring the suckling stimulus during breastfeeding in humans: the orokinetogram and the Fourier series. (5/3966)

The Fourier series was used to analyse the oral movements recorded by the orokinetogram during breastfeeding in human babies. This is a new method that allows recording of oral movements without introducing any extrinsic element between the nipple and the mouth of the baby. The advantage of displaying suckling activity after fast Fourier transform (FFT) is that this algorithm allows storage, quantification and frequency analysis of the oral movements throughout a suckling bout, which enables the total oral activity to be measured. Two types of oral movements are found: slow high amplitude (SHA) and fast low amplitude (FLA). FLA movements may be derived from peristaltic movements of the tongue that result in tickling stimuli to the mechanoreceptors of the nipple and milk expression. The frequency bandwidth of oral movements is wider (0-8 Hz) than has been described previously (0-3 Hz) and this is due to the presence of the FLA oral movements. An indirect measurement of the energy of oral movements during suckling is obtained by the pattern of energy distribution used in each individual frequency band by oral movements. This pattern changes in relation to the periods of continuous and intermittent suckling activity. SHA and FLA oral movements are more intense during continuous suckling. Statistical analysis showed a correlation between the energy of SHA and FLA waves throughout the suckling bout, and also that the highest level of energy during suckling activity is displayed during the first 2 min. The novel tools described in this paper allow investigation of the role of suckling stimulus in reflex hormone release and other mother-infant interactions.  (+info)

Ryanodine and the left ventricular force-interval and relaxation-interval relations in closed-chest dogs: insights on calcium handling. (6/3966)

OBJECTIVE: Although the myocardial force-interval and relaxation-interval relations are considered to be mechanical expressions of myocardial Ca2+ handling, correlation of these phenomena with altered Ca2+ kinetics in the intact state is limited. Thus, I sought to determine the impact of selective impairment of physiologic sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ release, achieved by the use of the drug ryanodine, on these relations in the intact animal. METHODS: Twelve dogs instrumented with left ventricular manometers and piezoelectric dimension crystals were studied before and after ryanodine (4 micrograms/kg intravenously). End-systolic elastance was measured at paced heart rates of 120-180 bpm to determine the force-frequency response. Mechanical restitution and relaxation restitution were determined by measuring contractile (single beat elastance) and relaxation (peak negative dP/dt) responses for beats delivered at graded extrasystolic intervals, with normalized responses expressed as a function of extrasystolic interval. RESULTS: Ryanodine accelerated mechanical restitution (time constant 60.3 +/- 3.9 versus 81.7 +/- 10.1 ms, p < 0.05) and reduced maximal contractile response (107.5 +/- 2.1 versus 122.1 +/- 5.7%, p < 0.05), slowed early relaxation restitution (time constant 65.5 +/- 13.8 versus 36.8 +/- 3.8 ms, p < 0.05) without changing late relaxation restitution kinetics, and amplified the force-frequency response (end-systolic elastance, 180 bpm, 19.4 +/- 4.3 versus 11.4 +/- 1.2 mm Hg/ml, p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that in the intact animal, Ca2+ handling by the sarcoplasmic reticulum is a primary determinant of mechanical restitution and early relaxation restitution, but not late relaxation restitution. Conversely, ryanodine induced augmentation of the force-frequency response indicates a central role for sarcolemmal Ca2+ influx in producing frequency potentiation.  (+info)

Delayed rectifier potassium current in undiseased human ventricular myocytes. (7/3966)

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to investigate the properties of the delayed rectifier potassium current (IK) in myocytes isolated from undiseased human left ventricles. METHODS: The whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique was applied in 28 left ventricular myocytes from 13 hearts at 35 degrees C. RESULTS: An E-4031 sensitive tail current identified the rapid component of IK (IKr) in the myocytes, but there was no evidence for an E-4031 insensitive slow component of IK (IKs). When nifedipine (5 microM) was used to block the inward calcium current (ICa), IKr activation was fast (tau = 31.0 +/- 7.4 ms, at +30 mV, n = 5) and deactivation kinetics were biexponential and relatively slow (tau 1 = 600.0 +/- 53.9 ms and tau 2 = 6792.2 +/- 875.7 ms, at -40 mV, n = 7). Application of CdCl2 (250 microM) to block ICa altered the voltage dependence of the IKr considerably, slowing its activation (tau = 657.1 +/- 109.1 ms, at +30 mV, n = 5) and accelerating its deactivation (tau = 104.0 +/- 18.5 ms, at -40 mV, n = 8). CONCLUSIONS: In undiseased human ventricle at 35 degrees C IKr exists having fast activation and slow deactivation kinetics; however, there was no evidence found for an expressed IKs. IKr probably plays an important role in the frequency dependent modulation of repolarization in undiseased human ventricle, and is a target for many Class III antiarrhythmic drugs.  (+info)

Neurocardiac and cerebral responses evoked by esophageal vago-afferent stimulation in humans: effect of varying intensities. (8/3966)

OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to determine whether esophageal vago-afferent electrostimulation, over a wide range of stimulus intensities, can sustain a cardiac vago-efferent effect by way of central nervous system processing. METHODS: Studies were performed in ten healthy male subjects (23.9 +/- 6.3 years). Esophageal electrostimulation was carried out using a stimulating electrode placed in the distal esophagus. Stimulation of esophageal vago-afferent fibres was employed using electrical impulses (200 microseconds at 0.2 Hz x 128 s) varying from 2.7 to 20 mA. Respiratory frequencies, beat-to-beat heart rate autospectra and cerebral evoked potentials were recorded at baseline and at each stimulus intensity in random order. RESULTS: With esophageal electrical stimulation, we observed a small non-significant decrease in heart rate. There was a dramatic shift of the instantaneous heart rate power spectra towards enhanced cardiac vagal modulation with intensities as low as 5 mA. This effect was sustained throughout all intensities with no further change in either the low frequency or high frequency power. Conversely, there was a linear dose response relationship between cerebral evoked potential amplitude and stimulus intensity mainly occurring above perception threshold (10 mA). Esophageal stimulation had no significant effect on heart rate or respiratory frequency at any stimulus intensity. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that electrical stimulation of the distal esophagus across a wide range of current intensities elicits a reproducible shift in the heart rate power spectrum towards enhanced vagal modulation. The data suggest a closed loop afferent/efferent circuitry wherein tonic visceral afferent impulses appear to elicit a phasic or modulatory vago-efferent cardiac response in healthy subjects.  (+info)

The term "cumulative" refers to the gradual buildup of damage over time, as opposed to a single traumatic event that causes immediate harm. The damage can result from repetitive motions, vibrations, compressive forces, or other forms of stress that accumulate and lead to tissue injury and inflammation.

Some common examples of CTDs include:

1. Carpal tunnel syndrome: A condition that affects the wrist and hand, caused by repetitive motion and compression of the median nerve.
2. Tendinitis: Inflammation of a tendon, often caused by repetitive motion or overuse.
3. Bursitis: Inflammation of a bursa, a fluid-filled sac that cushions joints and reduces friction between tissues.
4. Tennis elbow: A condition characterized by inflammation of the tendons on the outside of the elbow, caused by repetitive gripping or twisting motions.
5. Plantar fasciitis: Inflammation of the plantar fascia, a band of tissue that runs along the bottom of the foot, caused by repetitive strain and overuse.
6. Repetitive stress injuries: A broad category of injuries caused by repetitive motion, such as typing or using a computer mouse.
7. Occupational asthma: A condition caused by inhaling allergens or irritants in the workplace, leading to inflammation and narrowing of the airways.
8. Hearing loss: Damage to the inner ear or auditory nerve caused by exposure to loud noises over time.
9. Vibration white finger: A condition that affects the hands, causing whiteness or loss of blood flow in the fingers due to exposure to vibrating tools.
10. Carpal tunnel syndrome: Compression of the median nerve in the wrist, leading to numbness, tingling, and weakness in the hand and arm.

It's important to note that these conditions can have a significant impact on an individual's quality of life, ability to work, and overall well-being. If you are experiencing any of these conditions, it is important to seek medical attention to receive proper diagnosis and treatment.

1. Osteoarthritis: A degenerative joint disease that affects the cartilage and bone in the joints, leading to pain, stiffness, and limited mobility.
2. Rheumatoid arthritis: An autoimmune disorder that causes inflammation in the joints, leading to pain, swelling, and deformity.
3. Fibromyalgia: A chronic condition characterized by widespread muscle pain, fatigue, and sleep disturbances.
4. Tendinitis: Inflammation of a tendon, which can cause pain and stiffness in the affected area.
5. Bursitis: Inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs (bursae) that cushion joints, leading to pain, swelling, and limited mobility.
6. Carpal tunnel syndrome: Compression of the median nerve in the wrist, leading to numbness, tingling, and weakness in the hand and fingers.
7. Sprains and strains: Injuries to the ligaments or muscles, often caused by sudden twisting or overstretching.
8. Back pain: Pain in the back that can be caused by a variety of factors, such as muscle strain, herniated discs, or spinal stenosis.
9. Osteoporosis: A condition characterized by weak and brittle bones, leading to an increased risk of fractures.
10. Clubfoot: A congenital deformity in which the foot is turned inward and downward.

These are just a few examples of musculoskeletal diseases, and there are many more conditions that can affect the muscles, bones, and joints. Treatment options for these conditions can range from conservative methods such as physical therapy and medication to surgical interventions. It's important to seek medical attention if you experience any persistent or severe symptoms in your musculoskeletal system.

The shoulder is a complex joint that consists of several bones, muscles, tendons, and ligaments, which work together to provide a wide range of motion and stability. Any disruption in this delicate balance can cause pain and dysfunction.

Some common causes of shoulder pain include:

1. Rotator cuff injuries: The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder joint, providing stability and mobility. Injuries to the rotator cuff can cause pain and weakness in the shoulder.
2. Bursitis: Bursae are small fluid-filled sacs that cushion the joints and reduce friction between the bones, muscles, and tendons. Inflammation of the bursae (bursitis) can cause pain and swelling in the shoulder.
3. Tendinitis: Tendinitis is inflammation of the tendons, which connect the muscles to the bones. Tendinitis in the shoulder can cause pain and stiffness.
4. Dislocations: A dislocation occurs when the ball of the humerus (upper arm bone) is forced out of the shoulder socket. This can cause severe pain, swelling, and limited mobility.
5. Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition that affects the joints, including the shoulder. It can cause pain, stiffness, and limited mobility.
6. Frozen shoulder: Also known as adhesive capsulitis, frozen shoulder is a condition where the connective tissue in the shoulder joint becomes inflamed and scarred, leading to pain and stiffness.
7. Labral tears: The labrum is a cartilage ring that surrounds the shoulder socket, providing stability and support. Tears to the labrum can cause pain and instability in the shoulder.
8. Fractures: Fractures of the humerus, clavicle, or scapula (shoulder blade) can cause pain, swelling, and limited mobility.
9. Rotator cuff tears: The rotator cuff is a group of muscles and tendons that provide stability and support to the shoulder joint. Tears to the rotator cuff can cause pain and weakness in the shoulder.
10. Impingement syndrome: Impingement syndrome occurs when the tendons of the rotator cuff become pinched or compressed as they pass through the shoulder joint, leading to pain and inflammation.

These are just a few examples of common shoulder injuries and conditions. If you're experiencing shoulder pain or stiffness, it's important to see a doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Asthenopia is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide, particularly those who spend long hours working on computers, reading, or engaging in other visually demanding activities. It can also be triggered by other factors such as poor lighting, incorrect posture, and eye conditions like myopia (nearsightedness) or hyperopia (farsightedness).

While asthenopia is usually a temporary condition that resolves on its own after resting the eyes, it can sometimes be a symptom of a more serious underlying eye condition. Therefore, if you experience persistent or severe symptoms of asthenopia, it's important to consult an eye care professional for proper evaluation and treatment.

Treatment options for asthenopia may include taking regular breaks to rest the eyes, adjusting lighting conditions, using artificial tears to lubricate dry eyes, and making changes to your workspace or reading habits to reduce visual strain. In some cases, prescription eyewear or vision therapy may be necessary to address underlying eye conditions that contribute to asthenopia.

1. Asbestosis: a lung disease caused by inhaling asbestos fibers.
2. Carpal tunnel syndrome: a nerve disorder caused by repetitive motion and pressure on the wrist.
3. Mesothelioma: a type of cancer caused by exposure to asbestos.
4. Pneumoconiosis: a lung disease caused by inhaling dust from mining or other heavy industries.
5. Repetitive strain injuries: injuries caused by repetitive motions, such as typing or using vibrating tools.
6. Skin conditions: such as skin irritation and dermatitis caused by exposure to chemicals or other substances in the workplace.
7. Hearing loss: caused by loud noises in the workplace.
8. Back injuries: caused by lifting, bending, or twisting.
9. Respiratory problems: such as asthma and other breathing difficulties caused by exposure to chemicals or dust in the workplace.
10. Cancer: caused by exposure to carcinogens such as radiation, certain chemicals, or heavy metals in the workplace.

Occupational diseases can be difficult to diagnose and treat, as they often develop gradually over time and may not be immediately attributed to the work environment. In some cases, these diseases may not appear until years after exposure has ended. It is important for workers to be aware of the potential health risks associated with their job and take steps to protect themselves, such as wearing protective gear, following safety protocols, and seeking regular medical check-ups. Employers also have a responsibility to provide a safe work environment and follow strict regulations to prevent the spread of occupational diseases.

There are several types of neck pain, including:

* Acute neck pain: This is a sudden onset of pain in the neck, often caused by an injury or strain.
* Chronic neck pain: This is persistent pain in the neck that lasts for more than 3 months.
* Mechanical neck pain: This is pain caused by misalignment or degeneration of the spinal bones and joints in the neck.
* Non-mechanical neck pain: This is pain that is not caused by a specific structural problem, but rather by factors such as poor posture, muscle strain, or pinched nerves.

Neck pain can be treated with a variety of methods, including:

* Medications such as pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs
* Physical therapy to improve range of motion and strength
* Chiropractic care to realign the spine and relieve pressure on nerves
* Massage therapy to relax muscles and improve circulation
* Lifestyle changes such as improving posture, losing weight, and taking regular breaks to rest and stretch.

It is important to seek medical attention if neck pain is severe, persistent, or accompanied by other symptoms such as numbness, tingling, or weakness in the arms or legs.

Neoplasm refers to an abnormal growth of cells that can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Neoplasms can occur in any part of the body and can affect various organs and tissues. The term "neoplasm" is often used interchangeably with "tumor," but while all tumors are neoplasms, not all neoplasms are tumors.

Types of Neoplasms

There are many different types of neoplasms, including:

1. Carcinomas: These are malignant tumors that arise in the epithelial cells lining organs and glands. Examples include breast cancer, lung cancer, and colon cancer.
2. Sarcomas: These are malignant tumors that arise in connective tissue, such as bone, cartilage, and fat. Examples include osteosarcoma (bone cancer) and soft tissue sarcoma.
3. Lymphomas: These are cancers of the immune system, specifically affecting the lymph nodes and other lymphoid tissues. Examples include Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
4. Leukemias: These are cancers of the blood and bone marrow that affect the white blood cells. Examples include acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).
5. Melanomas: These are malignant tumors that arise in the pigment-producing cells called melanocytes. Examples include skin melanoma and eye melanoma.

Causes and Risk Factors of Neoplasms

The exact causes of neoplasms are not fully understood, but there are several known risk factors that can increase the likelihood of developing a neoplasm. These include:

1. Genetic predisposition: Some people may be born with genetic mutations that increase their risk of developing certain types of neoplasms.
2. Environmental factors: Exposure to certain environmental toxins, such as radiation and certain chemicals, can increase the risk of developing a neoplasm.
3. Infection: Some neoplasms are caused by viruses or bacteria. For example, human papillomavirus (HPV) is a common cause of cervical cancer.
4. Lifestyle factors: Factors such as smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and a poor diet can increase the risk of developing certain types of neoplasms.
5. Family history: A person's risk of developing a neoplasm may be higher if they have a family history of the condition.

Signs and Symptoms of Neoplasms

The signs and symptoms of neoplasms can vary depending on the type of cancer and where it is located in the body. Some common signs and symptoms include:

1. Unusual lumps or swelling
2. Pain
3. Fatigue
4. Weight loss
5. Change in bowel or bladder habits
6. Unexplained bleeding
7. Coughing up blood
8. Hoarseness or a persistent cough
9. Changes in appetite or digestion
10. Skin changes, such as a new mole or a change in the size or color of an existing mole.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Neoplasms

The diagnosis of a neoplasm usually involves a combination of physical examination, imaging tests (such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans), and biopsy. A biopsy involves removing a small sample of tissue from the suspected tumor and examining it under a microscope for cancer cells.

The treatment of neoplasms depends on the type, size, location, and stage of the cancer, as well as the patient's overall health. Some common treatments include:

1. Surgery: Removing the tumor and surrounding tissue can be an effective way to treat many types of cancer.
2. Chemotherapy: Using drugs to kill cancer cells can be effective for some types of cancer, especially if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
3. Radiation therapy: Using high-energy radiation to kill cancer cells can be effective for some types of cancer, especially if the cancer is located in a specific area of the body.
4. Immunotherapy: Boosting the body's immune system to fight cancer can be an effective treatment for some types of cancer.
5. Targeted therapy: Using drugs or other substances to target specific molecules on cancer cells can be an effective treatment for some types of cancer.

Prevention of Neoplasms

While it is not always possible to prevent neoplasms, there are several steps that can reduce the risk of developing cancer. These include:

1. Avoiding exposure to known carcinogens (such as tobacco smoke and radiation)
2. Maintaining a healthy diet and lifestyle
3. Getting regular exercise
4. Not smoking or using tobacco products
5. Limiting alcohol consumption
6. Getting vaccinated against certain viruses that are associated with cancer (such as human papillomavirus, or HPV)
7. Participating in screening programs for early detection of cancer (such as mammograms for breast cancer and colonoscopies for colon cancer)
8. Avoiding excessive exposure to sunlight and using protective measures such as sunscreen and hats to prevent skin cancer.

It's important to note that not all cancers can be prevented, and some may be caused by factors that are not yet understood or cannot be controlled. However, by taking these steps, individuals can reduce their risk of developing cancer and improve their overall health and well-being.

Types: There are several types of arm injuries, including:

1. Fractures: A break in one or more bones of the arm.
2. Sprains: Stretching or tearing of ligaments that connect bones to other tissues.
3. Strains: Tears in muscles or tendons.
4. Dislocations: When a bone is forced out of its normal position in the joint.
5. Tendinitis: Inflammation of the tendons, which can cause pain and stiffness in the arm.
6. Bursitis: Inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs (bursae) that cushion the joints and reduce friction.
7. Cuts or lacerations: Open wounds on the skin or other tissues of the arm.
8. Burns: Damage to the skin and underlying tissues caused by heat, chemicals, or electricity.
9. Nerve injuries: Damage to the nerves that control movement and sensation in the arm.
10. Infections: Bacterial, viral, or fungal infections that can affect any part of the arm.

Symptoms: The symptoms of arm injuries can vary depending on the type and severity of the injury. Some common symptoms include pain, swelling, bruising, limited mobility, deformity, and difficulty moving the arm.

Diagnosis: A healthcare professional will typically perform a physical examination and may use imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, or MRI to diagnose arm injuries.

Treatment: Treatment for arm injuries can range from conservative methods such as rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE) to surgical interventions. The goal of treatment is to relieve pain, promote healing, and restore function to the affected arm.

1) They share similarities with humans: Many animal species share similar biological and physiological characteristics with humans, making them useful for studying human diseases. For example, mice and rats are often used to study diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and cancer because they have similar metabolic and cardiovascular systems to humans.

2) They can be genetically manipulated: Animal disease models can be genetically engineered to develop specific diseases or to model human genetic disorders. This allows researchers to study the progression of the disease and test potential treatments in a controlled environment.

3) They can be used to test drugs and therapies: Before new drugs or therapies are tested in humans, they are often first tested in animal models of disease. This allows researchers to assess the safety and efficacy of the treatment before moving on to human clinical trials.

4) They can provide insights into disease mechanisms: Studying disease models in animals can provide valuable insights into the underlying mechanisms of a particular disease. This information can then be used to develop new treatments or improve existing ones.

5) Reduces the need for human testing: Using animal disease models reduces the need for human testing, which can be time-consuming, expensive, and ethically challenging. However, it is important to note that animal models are not perfect substitutes for human subjects, and results obtained from animal studies may not always translate to humans.

6) They can be used to study infectious diseases: Animal disease models can be used to study infectious diseases such as HIV, TB, and malaria. These models allow researchers to understand how the disease is transmitted, how it progresses, and how it responds to treatment.

7) They can be used to study complex diseases: Animal disease models can be used to study complex diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and heart disease. These models allow researchers to understand the underlying mechanisms of the disease and test potential treatments.

8) They are cost-effective: Animal disease models are often less expensive than human clinical trials, making them a cost-effective way to conduct research.

9) They can be used to study drug delivery: Animal disease models can be used to study drug delivery and pharmacokinetics, which is important for developing new drugs and drug delivery systems.

10) They can be used to study aging: Animal disease models can be used to study the aging process and age-related diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. This allows researchers to understand how aging contributes to disease and develop potential treatments.

There are different types of Breast Neoplasms such as:

1. Fibroadenomas: These are benign tumors that are made up of glandular and fibrous tissues. They are usually small and round, with a smooth surface, and can be moved easily under the skin.

2. Cysts: These are fluid-filled sacs that can develop in both breast tissue and milk ducts. They are usually benign and can disappear on their own or be drained surgically.

3. Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS): This is a precancerous condition where abnormal cells grow inside the milk ducts. If left untreated, it can progress to invasive breast cancer.

4. Invasive Ductal Carcinoma (IDC): This is the most common type of breast cancer and starts in the milk ducts but grows out of them and invades surrounding tissue.

5. Invasive Lobular Carcinoma (ILC): It originates in the milk-producing glands (lobules) and grows out of them, invading nearby tissue.

Breast Neoplasms can cause various symptoms such as a lump or thickening in the breast or underarm area, skin changes like redness or dimpling, change in size or shape of one or both breasts, discharge from the nipple, and changes in the texture or color of the skin.

Treatment options for Breast Neoplasms may include surgery such as lumpectomy, mastectomy, or breast-conserving surgery, radiation therapy which uses high-energy beams to kill cancer cells, chemotherapy using drugs to kill cancer cells, targeted therapy which uses drugs or other substances to identify and attack cancer cells while minimizing harm to normal cells, hormone therapy, immunotherapy, and clinical trials.

It is important to note that not all Breast Neoplasms are cancerous; some are benign (non-cancerous) tumors that do not spread or grow.

Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, 2006. 1(4): p. 299-306. Wang, S.; Wu, W. (2010). "A Novel Method for Magnetic ... Computer-aided detection (CADe), also called computer-aided diagnosis (CADx), are systems that assist doctors in the ... "EXINI Diagnostics". Huang, Kao and Chen (18 June 2007). "A Set of Image Processing Algorithms for Computer-Aided Diagnosis in ... Bell, L.T.O.; Gandhi, S. (2018). "A comparison of computer-assisted detection (CAD) programs for the identification of ...
"A computer-assisted thin-section study of Lake Baikal sediments: a tool for understanding sedimentary processes and deciphering ... their climatic signal". International Journal of Earth Sciences. 89 (2): 260-267. doi:10.1007/s005319900064. Hutchinson, D.R.; ... "Sedimentation processes and new age constraints on rifting stages in Lake Baikal: results of deep-water drilling". ... Academician Ridge also plays an important role in deep-water mixing processes and the circulation of bottom currents. Water ...
International Journal of Signal Processing, Image Processing and Pattern Recognition. 6 (1): 49-53. Nolen-Hoeksema S (2014). ... Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 16 (6): 956-65. doi:10.1097/00004728-199211000-00024. PMID 1430448. Gore JC, Yankeelov ... "Iterative Sparse Asymptotic Minimum Variance Based Approaches for Array Processing". IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing. 61 ... The RF signal may be processed to deduce position information by looking at the changes in RF level and phase caused by varying ...
... computer-based education technology, portrait compression, signal processing for the hearing impaired, document recognition and ... Another important project appears to have been computer assisted medical diagnosis - a computer-based system to aid physicians ... Haifa's expertise in signal processing was key to the development of this project. ... This allowed the Haifa team to buy their first computer. It was a 5110-a portable computer roughly the size of a suitcase. The ...
A subtlety in image processing is that (linear) signal processing assumes linear luminance - that doubling a pixel value ... Medical image computing and computer-assisted intervention--MICCAI '99: second international conference, Cambridge, UK, ... Reconstruction algorithm Iterative reconstruction Signal reconstruction Signal processing Theußl, Thomas; Hauser, Helwig; ... Digital signal processing, Linear filters, Electronic filter applications). ...
An Evaluation of Computer-Assisted Formats in Multiple Decision Environments". Journal of Marketing Research. 30 (2): 125. doi: ... Fischbacher, Urs (2020). Strategic incentives undermine gaze as a signal of prosocial motives. OCLC 1230140259. A handbook of ... More specifically, process tracing methods examine participant's information acquisition process, how much information or ... There are two criteria that process tracing methods which study psychological processes should fit. Primarily, there has to be ...
Computer-Assisted Eye Surgery in Computer-integrated Surgery: Technology and Clinical Applications. MIT Press. 1996. ISBN ... Richard Mammone, Digital Signal Processing". Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey. Retrieved January 31, 2010. "Rutgers ... He performed research on Neural networks and signal processing, generating over 15 patents and producing 150 published papers.[ ... Mammone's research interests lie in computational pattern recognition and signal processing. ...
"Switching Theory/Relay Circuit Network Theory/Theory of Logical Mathematics". IPSJ Computer Museum. Information Processing ... Tampere International Center for Signal Processing (TICSP) Series. Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland. ISBN 978 ... "Graphical Symbols for Logic Diagrams". ASSIST Quick Search. Defense Logistics Agency. MIL-STD-806. Retrieved 2021-08-27. " ... The "signaled" state (motor on) occurs when either one OR the other switch is on. Unlike a regular NAND symbol, which suggests ...
SigLab, a Common Lisp platform for signal processing used in missile defense, built by Raytheon. NASA's Mars Pathfinder Mission ... PWGL is a sophisticated visual programming environment based on Common Lisp, used in Computer assisted composition and sound ... Opusmodus is a music composition system based on Common Lisp, used in Computer assisted composition. Prototype Verification ... OpenMusic, an object-oriented visual programming environment based on Common Lisp, used in Computer assisted composition. ...
"Complex cognitive processes account for the human ability to associate acoustic signals with meanings and intentions. For a ... Computer-assisted language learning (CALL), British, or Computer-Aided Instruction (CAI)/Computer-Aided Language Instruction ( ... and mobile-assisted language learning (MALL). The term CALI (computer-assisted language instruction) was in use before CALL, ... Warschauer M. (1996) "Computer-assisted language learning: an introduction". In Fotos S. (ed.) Multimedia language teaching, ...
2012). Accent reduction for computer-aided language learning. 20th European Signal Processing Conference 335-339. van Doremalen ... Al-Awidi, H. and S. Ismail (2012). Teachers' Perceptions of the Use of Computer Assisted Language Learning to Develop ... In recent years, several countries have begun to employ computer-aided language learning (CALL) systems to assist their ... Computer Language systems have now come to the forefront and now have the ability to broadcast or playback audio for use in the ...
Surgical process models are described from observer based acquisition, or sensor-based acquisition (such as signals, or videos ... International Conference on Information Processing in Computer-Assisted Interventions (IPCAI) The Computer Assisted Radiology ... Computer-based technology assists medical professional in processing and acting on complex information . In order to gain an ... ISBN 978-3-319-24601-7. Lalys F, Jannin P. Surgical process modelling: a review. International Journal of Computer Assisted ...
Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention-MICCAI 2012. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Vol. 7510. Springer ... IEEE Signal Processing Magazine. 31 (1): 45-54. arXiv:1310.5107. Bibcode:2014ISPM...31...45C. doi:10.1109/msp.2013.2279179. ... Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Vol. 8679. Springer. pp. 264-271. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-10581-9_33. ISBN 978-3-319-10580-2. ... Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Vol. 5211. pp. 393-407. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-87479-9_44. ISBN 978-3-540-87478-2. The ...
Works such as Sound and Fury are of interest because of the use of computer-assisted composition. Sound and Fury also uses a ... are among the first pieces to utilize real-time audio signal processing, and Pluton was the first ever composition using ... In 1975, he undertook studies in computer assisted composition with Pierre Barbaud [fr], and joined IRCAM as a composer and ... Since the 1980s, Manoury has been closely associated with the American computer researcher Miller Puckette, first at IRCAM and ...
The sound processing is done on a separate computer. The XTH Sense is a wearable instrument that uses muscle sounds from the ... An electronic keyboard sends a signal to a synth module, computer or other electronic or digital sound generator, which then ... Lejaren Hiller and Leonard Issacson composed Illiac Suite for string quartet, the first complete work of computer-assisted ... including computer-played music (software sequencer), computer-composed music (music synthesis), and computer sound generation ...
... the first computer-assisted instructional program and the plasma TV. Today, research thrusts include computer vision, economics ... signal, image and speech processing and thin film electronics. Research at CSL is conducted by more than 100 faculty members ... the first computer-based education system) Flat panel plasma displays Deuterium Method for processing microchips (extends the ...
Image and Signal Processing for Networked E-health Applications. Morgan & Claypool Publishers. p. 41. ISBN 978-1-59829-036-3. ... SCP-ECG, which stands for Standard communications protocol for computer assisted electrocardiography, is a standard for ECG ... Computer storage stubs, Standards and measurement stubs). ...
... formula for the variance Computational learning theory Computational statistics Computer experiment Computer-assisted survey ... signal processing) Coherence (statistics) Cohort (statistics) Cohort effect Cohort study Cointegration Collectively exhaustive ... Markov process Markov property Markov random field Markov renewal process Markov's inequality Markovian arrival processes ... signal processing) Innovations vector Institutional review board Instrumental variable Integrated nested Laplace approximations ...
Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography". Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography. 38 (3): 485-487. doi:10.1097/RCT. ... and Signal Processing. In 2018, Kundu was a speaker at the United Nations A.I. for Good global summit in Geneva, Switzerland, ... Before completing high school at 16, Kundu would help her father, a computer engineer, take apart computers. This influenced ... in Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography 28(3): 485-87. S. Kundu, J. Bryk and A. Alam, Resolution of Suicidal Ideation With ...
... hardware-assisted security and protection, high-level synthesis of digital signal processing (DSP) hardware, and mixed-signal ... American computer scientists, Indian American, American academics of Indian descent, Computer engineers, Senior Members of the ... Mohanty has worked to high-level synthesis (HLS) or architecture-level synthesis of digital signal processing (DSP) hardware. ... Mohanty has worked on design space exploration and optimization of analog/mixed-signal system on a chip (AMS-SoC) which is ...
In a traditional recording studio additional rackmount processing gear is physically plugged into the audio signal path to add ... "DAW" can refer to the software itself, but traditionally, a computer-based DAW has four basic components: a computer, a sound ... it may also assist in further processing of the audio. The software controls all related hardware components and provides a ... An integrated DAW consists of a digital signal processing, control surface, audio converters, and data storage in one device. ...
In order to distinguish between humans, heavy objects, and empty seats, signal processing techniques are used. The first robot ... This test is used to ensure that computer is operated by a human, preventing spam robots. Face detection Human sensing Captcha ... assist in the digitization of books. A sensor based on a piezoelectric film (EMFI sensor) is used to detect mechanical ... In 1997 CAPTCHA ("Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart") was invented. ...
Processing of sound and music signals: This subfield focuses on audio signal processing techniques for the analysis, ... Assisted sound and music creation: This subfield focuses on the development of computer tools for assisting Sound design and ... Interfaces for sound and music: This subfield focuses on the design and implementation of computer interfaces for sound and ... Summer School of Systematic Musicology Darmstadt School European Summer School in Information Retrieval IEEE Signal Processing ...
However, there are 30 seconds of lag time between the subject's state of consciousness and the processed EEG signal. This ... Target-controlled infusion (TCI) systems are assisted by computer systems that make use of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic ... Subsequently, the computer continuously recalculates how much drug is in the system and influences the amount of drug required ... TCI requires clinicians to input a target concentration for an anesthetic or other agents, and the computer will calculate the ...
... taste signals are transduced by nerves in the brain into electric signals. E-tongue sensors process is similar: they generate ... "Searching for the most important feature types signalling emotion-related user states in speech." Computer Speech and Language ... Trejos AL, et al (Sep 2009). "Robot-assisted Tactile Sensing for Minimally Invasive Tumor Localization." International Journal ... It enables the robot to predict the resulting sensor signals of its internal motions, screening these false signals out. The ...
Digital Signal Processing and Logic Design Lab classes. Also other departments Civil, Mechanical, Physics and Chemistry have ... The Computer Science and Engineering department has state of the art network of computers to cater the needs of students. There ... of Karnataka also assisting in building SC/ST Book Bank in the library. From recent past, the collection has also been ... "Computer Science and Engineering - Government Engineering College, Hassan". Archived from the original on 24 December 2014. ...
Computer vision Digital signal processing / signal processing Control engineering[citation needed] Operations research ... "An Eye Tap video-based featureless projective motion estimation assisted by gyroscopic tracking for wearable computer mediated ... to use a GPU for digital signal processing (DSP) Analog signal processing Speech processing Digital image processing Video ... "Computer Vision Signal Processing on Graphics Processing Units", Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics ...
Signal Processing and their Applications. pp. 264-268. Peng, Yi; Chen, Li; Ou-Yang, Fang-Xin; Chen, Wei; Yong, Jun-Hai (2015 ... International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention. pp. 916-924. doi:10.1007/978-3-540- ... Vineet, Vibhav; Narayanan, PJ (2008). CUDA cuts: Fast graph cuts on the GPU (PDF). IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer ... Proceedings of the 2004 IEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. Vol. 1. pp. 74-81. Kohli, ...
Computer Aided Design and Engineering systems, and complex signal processing algorithms and circuits. Singleton was born in ... led a team that developed one of the first computer assisted integrated circuit design systems. He was awarded "Innovator of ... He explored advanced analog signal processing during this period and received patent 3,898,375 for a special remotely ... Singleton then joined the RCA Computer Division where he became senior scientist of the division and focused his efforts on ...
... a process known as 'patching') either pre-defined or user-defined modules, in a similar manner to graphical signal-processing ... OpenMusic is the last in a series of computer-assisted composition software designed at IRCAM. Versions of OpenMusic are ...
Safes were found to have been broken into, with money, cameras, and computers stolen by the militants. They were also found to ... Now, life in Harney County can begin to return to normal and the community can begin the long process of healing." Walden ... Njus, Elliot (February 22, 2016). "Armed occupiers promise plan to leave refuge, but signal longer stay". The Oregonian/ ... Hammill, Luke (February 22, 2016). "Oregon standoff: Unsolicited help flocks to Burns to 'assist' law enforcement". The ...
Watanabe, Nan T. (1981). Computer-assisted music instruction utilizing compatible audio hardware in computer-assisted aural ... Mainly this computer was used for management and data processing tasks related to power generation and distribution, but it ... Messages were recorded on three tracks and inaudible signals on the fourth track with two hours of play/record time available. ... 15 (Winter): 1-7. Eddins, John M. (1978). "Random-access Audio in Computer-Assisted Instruction". Journal of Computer-based ...
... and Computer-Assisted Telephone Screening Interviews". International Journal of Selection and Assessment. 12 (1-2): 135-148. ... Essentially, the process model illustrates that the interview is not an isolated interaction, but rather a complex process that ... Due to this fear, anxious candidates display certain behaviors or traits that signal to the interviewer that they are anxious. ... It could include a section designed to introduce interviewees to the interview process, and explain how this process works (e.g ...
The airline makes computer software changes that it says will prevent future mix-ups between the A321S and Ameerican's fleet of ... It is the first flight in what officials in Aden hope will become a regular series of military transport flights to assist ... A technical problem with Southwest Airlines' online system forces the airline to issue tickets and process passengers manually ... Michaelson, Ruth, "Isis in Egypt: Wave of attacks across country signals frightening upsurge in militant activity," independent ...
Provost Corps Military Police Battalion Recce Formation Recce Regiment Signals Corps Signal Regiment Training Corps Army Battle ... "Hard Stone Processing Namibia: James V. Auala". Retrieved 24 July 2021. "Converted from "CON9. ... Dumeni, R (September 2011). "12 Mot int Bde Hosted computer course for trainers". NDF Journal. 49: 7. "NDF Majors rapped over ... loop (30 August 2007). "US Assists NDF Training". New Era Newspaper Namibia. Archived from the original on 20 November 2015. ...
It increased the CPU's performance on digital signal processing tasks by 48-fold or more, enabling practical real-time video ... Patterson, David A.; Ditzel, David R. (October 1980). "The Case for the Reduced Instruction Set Computer". ACM SIGARCH Computer ... There is a preliminary specification for RISC-V's hardware-assisted debugger. The debugger will use a transport system such as ... The 16-bit subword size was chosen to support most digital signal processing tasks. These instructions were inexpensive to ...
That is when Signal noticed a strange solar pattern radiating from the Gotham Proper housing project. Signal theorized someone ... He can process light faster than humanly possible to the point that he can track the movement of light. he can also manipulate ... After assisting the group, Duke is approached by Alfred, disguised as a police interrogator. He encourages Duke to take his ... Duke returns to the Batcave to bring his new theory to Bruce when the bat-computer is hijacked by someone calling himself ...
"On arrival at Signal shipyards in Pascagoula, Mississippi, beginning in 2006, they discovered that they wouldn't receive the ... computer skills and photography. In 2016, around 7.14% (15,88,300 people) of total EU employment were not citizens, 3.61% ( ... Instead of sending workers out just because the process helps the economy at their countries of origin, the country needs to ... which recruit the workers and appoint representatives in Canada to assist in the program's operations. Non-agricultural ...
This resulted in what Dan Kroll of the website Soap Opera described as fans "rac[ing] to their computers to figure ... Heard at a low volume in the background, hard rock songs assist moments building up to the rape; they intensify the otherwise ... The music consisted of ominous low chords and signaled that Todd was about to commit a vicious, dangerous, or threatening act. ... the woman the writers paired Todd with during the redemption process, "seems to encourage both female and male fantasies about ...
He and Meryl assist Snake in Outer Haven by allowing him time to reach the server room. It is revealed that he had been in love ... She is escorted to the Shell 1 Core computer room by Raiden to download a virus into AI GW so that it will not be used by the ... Snake rescues her, but in the process Snake is bitten by a snake and the two are lost in a sandstorm as Soviet forces hunt for ... But Mei Ling said his transmission signal was coming from inside the base! / Solid Snake: So who is it? / Roy Campbell: Snake, ...
"BSA signals end to te reo Māori complaints". RNZ. 9 March 2021. Retrieved 25 March 2021. Biggs 1994, pp. 96-105. Clark 1994, pp ... They visited Professor Samuel Lee at the University of Cambridge and assisted him in the preparation of a grammar and ... Previous place name lists were derived from computer systems (usually mapping and geographic information systems) that could ... Guidelines for Waikato-Tainui Conventions for Writing Te Reo Māori and Translation Processes (PDF). Higgins, Rawinia; Keane, ...
The inquiry process which preceded the first impeachment of Donald Trump, 45th president of the United States, was initiated by ... Two days later, Judiciary Committee chairman Graham said, "I am trying to give a pretty clear signal I have made up my mind. ... In his opening statement, Anderson said he and Volker had attempted to satisfy Giuliani while at same time assisting the ... Heath, Brad (September 27, 2019). "A computer server haunted Clinton in 2016. Now it may be Trump's turn". Reuters. Retrieved ...
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The use of design processes that integrate numerical control machines, computer design, virtual reconstructions, and industrial ... Signals from an observatory on Federal Hill were received at an observation post in the dome, providing early notice of ... Hermann Zimmermann assisted the architect Paul Wallot in 1889, inventing the spatial framework for the dome over the plenary ... Tension membrane design has depended upon computers, and the increasing availability of powerful computers resulted in many ...
Abidi was researching analog CMOS circuits for signal processing and communications at UCLA during the late 1980s to early ... narrow path assist, side pre-crash system, traffic jam assist, adaptive cruise control (ACC), autonomous emergency braking (AEB ... Computer Design. Allstot, David J. (2016). "Switched Capacitor Filters" (PDF). In Maloberti, Franco; Davies, Anthony C. (eds ... primarily due to the introduction of digital signal processing in wireless communications, driven by the development of low- ...
However, during the battle, after the signal is given for Loghain to launch an attack on the Darkspawn's flank, he strays from ... Voiced by: Dwight Schultz and Yuri Lowenthal Bodahn Feddic is a surface dwarf merchant, who is assisted by his adopted son, ... After Vigil's Keep is secured, she will partake in the Joining, but does not survive the process. Paragon Branka is a ... Journal for Computer Game Culture. 2010 4 (2), p. 315-331. Retrieved February 15, 2020. Katherine Cross (April 21, 2011). " ...
May 2 Fulton County District Attorney Fani Willis convenes a grand jury to start a process to decide whether to indict former ... Milligan, Susan (June 20, 2022). "Biden Signals Willingness to Support Gas Tax Holiday". U.S. News & World Report. de Vogue, ... April 29 - Casey White prison escape: Assisted by prison guard Vicky White (no relation), both escape the Lauderdale County ... Conger, Kate; Roose, Kevin (September 16, 2022). "Uber Investigating Breach of Its Computer Systems". The New York Times. ISSN ...
In 1999, TI acquired Libit Signal Processing Ltd. of Herzlia, Israel for approximately $365 million in cash. In 1999, TI ... Molecular Electronic Computer brochure , 102646283 , Computer History Museum. 1961. Archived from the ... "ATREG Successfully Assists Texas Instruments With Acquisition Of Micron's Operational 300mm Fab Based In Lehi, Utah" (Press ... In addition to ongoing developments in speech and signal processing and recognition, it developed and sold the Explorer ...
GPS satellites broadcast signals from space, and each GPS receiver uses these signals to calculate its three-dimensional ... "Assisted-GPS Test Calls for 3G WCDMA Networks". November 10, 2004. Archived from the original on November 27, 2010. ... Processing of the navigation message enables the determination of the time of transmission and the satellite position at this ... OCS successfully replaced the legacy 1970s-era mainframe computer at Schriever Air Force Base in September 2007. After ...
... media, primarily hard disks, are widely used to store computer data as well as audio and video signals. In the ... The reading process is based on magneto-optical Kerr effect. The magnetic medium are typically amorphous R-Fe-Co thin film (R ... The 2nd generation is being developed through two approaches: thermal-assisted switching (TAS) which is currently being ... Early magnetic storage devices were designed to record analog audio signals. Computers and now most audio and video magnetic ...
There is a tool which assists in the lookup of these code sets at the JP1 group site, and additional codes can also generally ... Weingarden, Michael (July 2003). "Discover a "secret" computer interface for your remote control". Nuts and Volts. JP1 ... and analysis of signals learned on the remote control to enable proper protocol support to be built to control new devices. In ... protocols which replace a JP1 remote's main processing loop). Extenders may depend on a particular JP1 remote's hardware ...
The process of seeding was first used in 1978 for automatically qualified (Q) and at-large (L) teams respectively, and then for ... At the time, there was only one ESPN network, with no ability to split its signal regionally, so ESPN showed only the most ... IHSA sued GTE Vantage, an NCAA licensee that used the name March Madness for a computer game based on the college tournament. ... and Charles Barkley of TNT's Inside the NBA while Seth Davis of CBS assists with Casey Stern and various NBA TV personalities. ...
Even hiring Lotus founder Colin Chapman to assist in improving the vehicle did not help. Furthermore, the DeLorean was ... While they were very technologically advanced, with the Riviera being the first production car to have a touchscreen computer ... Leyland rushed the assembly process with the first of the P76s to come off the assembly line, resulting in poor build quality ... the Hummer H2 sent all the wrong signals. It was/is arrogantly huge, overly militaristic, openly scornful of the common good. ...
This methodology treats the challenge of design as an ongoing process. Further, rather than viewing the design process in ... Implementing tactile pavement around the community assists them in locating their route and directions to minimize time used on ... Accessible Pedestrian Signals: Blindness and Vision Loss, National Cooperative Highway Research Program, ... Human-computer interaction, Design, Usability). ... Inclusive design is a design process in which a product, ...
In high-context cultures, language may be used to assist and maintain relationship-building and to focus on process. India and ... Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. 11 (1): 274-299. doi:10.1111/j.1083-6101.2006.tb00313.x. ISSN 1083-6101. Hall, ... by the University of Glasgow shows that different cultures have different understanding of the facial expression signals of the ... Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication. 11 (1): 274-299. doi:10.1111/j.1083-6101.2006.tb00313.x. Ramos, Carolina (2014). " ...
In signal processing, the chirplet transform is an inner product of an input signal with a family of analysis primitives called ... "Water-Human-Computer-Interface (WaterHCI): Crossing the Borders of Computation, Clothes, Skin, and Surface." Mann, Steve. "Time ... to assist vessels in navigating through ice-infested waters, using marine radar to detect growlers (small iceberg fragments too ... It provides a signal representation based on cyclically varying frequency modulated signals (warbling signals). Time-frequency ...
... or recording and playing back a signal to the microphone could subvert the identification process. High-end personalized ... Otoacoustic emissions also assist in differential diagnosis of cochlear and higher level hearing losses (e.g., auditory ... "Your Ear Noise as Computer Password Archived 2009-05-03 at the Wayback Machine" HHTM (2017-10-24). "Nura Headphones: Using OAEs ... This is then used to personalize the audio signal for each listener. In 2022, researchers at the University of Washington built ...
Joseph T. Vida piloted SR-71 S/N 61-7972 on its final Senior Crown flight and set four new speed records in the process: Los ... NASA developed a computer to control the engine bypass doors which countered this issue and improved efficiency. Beginning in ... An SR-71 was used domestically in 1971 to assist the FBI in their manhunt for the skyjacker D.B. Cooper. The Blackbird was to ... Reconnaissance equipment included signals intelligence sensors, a side-looking airborne radar, and a photo camera. The CIA's A- ...
... an inhibitor for an enzyme such as molecular docking and molecular mechanics can be used to assist in the optimisation process ... Since the drug decreases the activity of the enzyme that halts the signal, it makes this signal last for a longer period of ... This method has been extended to include virtual screening of databases of diverse molecules using computers, which are then ... the enzyme that degrades the signalling molecule cyclic guanosine monophosphate. This signalling molecule triggers smooth ...
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Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted MeSH DeCS ID:. 5432 Unique ID:. D005323 NLM Classification:. WQ 209 ...
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Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted, Signal-To-Noise Ratio, Sound, Sound Spectrography, Beamforming, Covariance matrix, ... computer simulation, motion, signal noise ratio, signal processing, sound, sound detection, theoretical model, traffic noise, ... keywords = "Acoustics, Aircraft, Computer Simulation, Models, Theoretical, Motion, Noise, Transportation, ... assuming spatially sparse and incoherent signals, and then examined using both simulations and aeroacoustic measurements. The ...
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... conferences in australia 2023 to level up your CV and get insights into the latest trends/technologies of the image-processing ... World Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (WCMICCAI). Venue:Melbourne, Australia. ... International Conference on Applied Image and Signal Processing (ICAISP). Venue:Perth, Australia. ... International Conference on Computer Systems and Image Processing (ICCSIP). Venue:Melbourne, Australia. ...
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"Computer Vision Handbook". In , 2 (Signal Processing and Pattern Recognition):875-905. Academic Press. ... "Computer-Aided Correction Of Bone Deformities". In Caos: Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery. Caos: Computer Assisted ... Speech And Image Processing (Icossip2003), 2:874-878. 3Rd Wseas International Conference On Signal, Speech And Image Processing ... "Computer Assisted Surgery, 2001 Development And Prospects". In Results Of A Congress At Reisensburg Castle. Results Of A ...
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Probability, Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted ... Healthy volunteers needed for a drug study investigating how a commonly-used antidepressant influences how people process ... Bayesian modelling, Functional parcellation, ICA, Resting state fMRI, Subject variability, Brain, Computer Simulation, ...
Computer-Assisted, Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted ... Brain, Humans, Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted, Imaging ...
Computer- and robot-assisted surgery. *Smart surgical tools. Which technologies are we using and developing? ... Optoelectronic signal processing. *3D microprinting. Past and ongoing projects. *Frequency-based photonic sensors ... After his residency, we reversed the process: this time Emmanuel took innovation processes he had experienced during his time ...
Human-Computer Interaction. *Signal Processing. *Software. *Modeling and Simulation. Access to Document. *. 10.21437/ ... Mobile-assisted prosody training for limited english proficiency : Learner background and speech learning pattern. In: ... T1 - Mobile-assisted prosody training for limited english proficiency. T2 - 21st Annual Conference of the International Speech ... Mobile-assisted prosody training for limited english proficiency: Learner background and speech learning pattern. / Hirschi, ...
They [6] expressed the transfer of information from computer to computer. This process is called synchronous communication in ... Machine Learning Enabled Signal Processing Techniques for Large Scale 5G and 5G Networks. View this Special Issue ... X. Chen, X. Liu, Y. Chen, L. Jiao, and G. Min, "Deep Q-network based resource allocation for UAV-assisted ultra-dense networks ... IEEE journal of selected topics in signal processing, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 742-758, 2014. ...
Subscribe to All Conference Alert and get instant notifications about the worldwide conferences in image processing. ... World Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention (WCMICCAI) - IARF Lae, Papua New Guinea ... International Conference on Multimedia Signal Processing (ICMSP) - Research Leagues Sha Tin, Hong Kong ... List of image processing Conferences. 2023 ALL 2023 May 2023 Jun 2023 Jul 2023 Aug 2023 Sep 2023 Oct 2023 Nov 2023 Dec 2024 Jan ...
CONCLUSION: DANTE prepared imaging techniques for moving CSF signal attenuation are promising tools for cervical spinal cord ... could be maximized due to moving CSF signal suppression. RESULTS: We demonstrate that metrics of contrast-to-noise ratio ... Computer-Assisted, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Neuroimaging, Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted, Signal-To-Noise Ratio ... Structural imaging of the cervical spinal cord with suppressed CSF signal using DANTE pulse trains. ...
However, the formal computational processes underlying the generation of the P300 are not well known. Here, we formulate a ... This provides evidence for theories proposing a direct link between the P300 component and the processing of surprising events ... The P300 component of the human event-related brain potential has often been linked to the processing of rare, surprising ... Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted, Visual Perception, Young Adult ...
Signal processing theory and methods. Embedded signal processing; Signal and information processing on graphs; Audio and ... Assist. Prof. Dr. Saeed M. Qaisar, Effat University - Jeddah, Saudi Arabia [email protected] Anil Hazarika, Tezpur ... BLECV: Body Language Estimation through Computer Vision. Chairs and Coordinators:. Prof. Dr. Antonio José Ribeiro Neves, ... Signal processing for communications; Statistical signal processing; Sensor array and multi-channel signal processing; Machine ...
Workshop on Systems and Architectures for Computer Assisted Interventions, held in conjunction with the 11th International ... SPIE Medical Imaging 2009: Ultrasonic Imaging and Signal Processing. *Google Scholar. *BibTeX ... Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention (MICCAI). 5761, 803-810.*Google Scholar ... Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention (MICCAI) 2010. 68-75.*Google Scholar ...
... and signal processing) working on medical image computing and computer assisted intervention. Presents the key research ... Beginning with the basics of signal and image generation and reconstruction, the book covers in detail the signal processing ... It further illustrates brain signal sources and how the brain signal can process, manipulate, and transform in different ... and computer-assisted intervention Written by leading authorities of the Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted ...
Data mining and biological text processing. *Biomedical Science and Engineering *Computer assisted intervention systems ... Bio-signal processing and analysis. *Biomedical data engineering. *Bioelectrical and neural engineering ...
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted. authors with profiles * Boris Epel. ...
  • This book provides an emphasis on brain and behavior computing with different modalities available such as signal processing, image processing, data sciences, statistics further it includes fundamental, mathematical model, algorithms, case studies, and future research scopes. (
  • Algorithms and software development are given in each chapter to reproduce the computer simulated results described therein. (
  • EURASIP journal on advances in signal processing 2022 0 0. (
  • The following lists all the past chairs and members of the SPS Bio Imaging and Signal Processing Technical Committee. (
  • The purpose of the Bio Imaging and Signal Processing Technical Committee (BISP TC) is to promote activities within the broad technical field of biomedical image and signal processing. (
  • Specific areas of interest include (but are not limited to) biomedical imaging, molecular imaging, microscopy, computational image processing, and signal processing in computational biology and bioinformatics. (
  • Information Processing in Medical Imaging. (
  • Structural imaging of the cervical spinal cord with suppressed CSF signal using DANTE pulse trains. (
  • CONCLUSION: DANTE prepared imaging techniques for moving CSF signal attenuation are promising tools for cervical spinal cord imaging. (
  • International journal of computer assisted radiology and surgery 2021 2 0. (
  • Australia is gearing up to host a series of highly anticipated image-processing conferences in australia 2023, attracting professionals, researchers, and innovators from across the globe. (
  • A compressive sensing beamforming method (CSB-II) is developed based on sampling covariance matrix, assuming spatially sparse and incoherent signals, and then examined using both simulations and aeroacoustic measurements. (
  • However, the formal computational processes underlying the generation of the P300 are not well known. (
  • Precise detection of specific artefacts like pixel saturations, motion blur, specular reflections, bubbles and debris is essential for high-quality frame restoration and is crucial for realising reliable computer-assisted tools for improved patient care. (
  • CIDARS further facilitates the data analysis, aberration detection, signal dissemination, signal response and information communication needed by public health departments across the country. (
  • It assists with early outbreak detection at the local level and prompts reporting of unusual disease occurrences or potential outbreaks to CDCs throughout the country. (
  • Workshop Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Computers in Education, ICCE 2014). (
  • 2001. " Computer-Assisted Surgery: Developments And Prospects In 2001 " . (
  • These events will provide you with a platform for exchanging knowledge, advancements, and ideas in the field of image-processing. (
  • Also, these image-processing conferences in australia will offer you great opportunities for networking, collaboration, and learning. (
  • Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention - MICCAI 2012. (
  • 2004 International Conference on Image Processing, 2004. (
  • Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention - MICCAI 2014. (
  • In 3Rd Wseas International Conference On Signal, Speech And Image Processing (Icossip2003) , 2:874-878. (
  • 2000. " Distributed Web-Based Image Processing Tool " . (
  • Second, AI can learn from data without any labels or annotations (e.g. image labelled with a known medical diagnosis), a process known as unsupervised learning. (
  • The P300 component of the human event-related brain potential has often been linked to the processing of rare, surprising events. (
  • It further illustrates brain signal sources and how the brain signal can process, manipulate, and transform in different domains allowing researchers and professionals to extract information about the physiological condition of the brain. (
  • Emphasizes real challenges in brain signal processing for a variety of applications for analysis, classification, and clustering. (
  • Augments the use of data mining and machine learning to brain computer interface (BCI) devices. (
  • For example, AI was recently applied to EEG signals from clinically unresponsive patients with brain injuries to detect brain activity, an important predictor of long-term recovery. (
  • ISPACS 2013 - 2013 International Symposium on Intelligent Signal Processing and Communication Systems). (
  • Such differences allow some individuals to disabilities need special methods and tools to access computers still have mastery of neck and oral musculature functions and, 1. (
  • AI methods have been used to predict outcomes from medical signal data, such as electroencephalograms (EEG), electrocardiograms, and audio data. (
  • The universal availability of modern communication tools (such as computers, the Internet and mobile phones) in China also helped this idea to be realized. (
  • A deep adversarial model for segmentation-assisted COVID-19 diagnosis using CT images. (
  • ABSTRACT "E-health" is a generic term covering the use of computer and communication applications and technologies in health and medical care. (
  • Timely reporting, effective analyses and rapid distribution of surveillance data can assist in detecting the aberration of disease occurrence and further facilitate a timely response. (
  • Systems Group (MSG) list-assisted RDD system can screen out a portion of the nonworking numbers as a preliminary sample preparation activity. (
  • abstract = "The use of Mobile-Assisted Pronunciation Training (MAPT) has been increasing drastically due to the personal and interactive nature of mobile devices. (
  • Signal processing -- Digital techniques. (
  • After his residency, we reversed the process: this time Emmanuel took innovation processes he had experienced during his time at ZEISS and created a piece of music using the techniques of exploration as a framework. (
  • The NIS collects data by computer assisted telephone interviews (CATI) from a random sample of households in the 78 Immunization Action Plan (IAP) areas. (
  • Data collected to determine current state revealed assisted by an operations director (project champion) and an outside that only 20% of positive blood cultures were finalized consultant. (
  • Data collected pre- and post- investigate blood cultures signaled as positive, review of changes were tabulated and reviewed. (
  • PROBLEM STATEMENT In our laboratory, only process by identifying each step, removing non-value added steps, 19% of positive blood cultures are finalized with and eliminating waste. (
  • The laboratory was cleaned, de-cluttered, and organized culture processing identified to have an impact on this to achieve standardization and to decrease unnecessary waiting and figure were: time to accession blood cultures, time to motion. (
  • Asia-Pacific Society for Computers in Education , p. 48-55 8 p. (
  • The Internet, computers and mobile phones are used to accomplish rapid signal generation and dissemination, timely reporting and reviewing of the signal response results. (
  • We hypothesized that the contrast between spinal cord and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) could be maximized due to moving CSF signal suppression. (
  • The use of computers, tablets, and cell phones with the Internet by people with quadriplegia from spinal cord injuries is much lower when compared to the general population. (
  • However, the or debilitating diseases such as polio, spinal cord tumors, level of use of the computer and the Internet by people with congenital anomalies, such as multiple sclerosis, or cerebral disabilities is still low when compared to that of the general palsy 6. (
  • The statistical estimation and tests of hypotheses are based on the likelihood principle derived from stationary point processes and time series. (
  • A device made of acrylic resin, similar to a myorelaxant plate, was designed to allow the use of a computer that was comfortable and at the same time, the patient could talk and not harm the dental structures. (
  • The time to first signal as a positive blood cultures. (
  • The technology we use, and even rely on, in our everyday lives -computers, radios, video, cell phones - is enabled by signal processing. (
  • These 2 heterogeneous masses have a reticulated core of high and low signal intensities surrounded by a hypointense rim of hemosiderin. (

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