Colloids with liquid continuous phase and solid dispersed phase; the term is used loosely also for solid-in-gas (AEROSOLS) and other colloidal systems; water-insoluble drugs may be given as suspensions.
Sepsis associated with HYPOTENSION or hypoperfusion despite adequate fluid resuscitation. Perfusion abnormalities may include, but are not limited to LACTIC ACIDOSIS; OLIGURIA; or acute alteration in mental status.
A pathological condition manifested by failure to perfuse or oxygenate vital organs.
Acute hemorrhage or excessive fluid loss resulting in HYPOVOLEMIA.
Technique for limiting use, activity, or movement by immobilizing or restraining animal by suspending from hindlimbs or tails. This immobilization is used to simulate some effects of reduced gravity and study weightlessness physiology.
Proteins which are synthesized in eukaryotic organisms and bacteria in response to hyperthermia and other environmental stresses. They increase thermal tolerance and perform functions essential to cell survival under these conditions.
Shock resulting from diminution of cardiac output in heart disease.
Shock produced as a result of trauma.
A class of MOLECULAR CHAPERONES found in both prokaryotes and in several compartments of eukaryotic cells. These proteins can interact with polypeptides during a variety of assembly processes in such a way as to prevent the formation of nonfunctional structures.
A constellation of responses that occur when an organism is exposed to excessive heat. Responses include synthesis of new proteins and regulation of others.
Presence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably higher than an accustomed norm.
High-amplitude compression waves, across which density, pressure, and particle velocity change drastically. The mechanical force from these shock waves can be used for mechanically disrupting tissues and deposits.
A class of MOLECULAR CHAPERONES whose members act in the mechanism of SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION by STEROID RECEPTORS.
A subfamily of small heat-shock proteins that function as molecular chaperones that aid in refolding of non-native proteins. They play a protective role that increases cellular survival during times of stress.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A group I chaperonin protein that forms the barrel-like structure of the chaperonin complex. It is an oligomeric protein with a distinctive structure of fourteen subunits, arranged in two rings of seven subunits each. The protein was originally studied in BACTERIA where it is commonly referred to as GroEL protein.
Stress-inducible members of the heat-shock proteins 70 family. HSP72 heat shock proteins function with other MOLECULAR CHAPERONES to mediate PROTEIN FOLDING and to stabilize pre-existent proteins against aggregation.
Induction of a stress reaction in experimental subjects by means of an electrical shock; applies to either convulsive or non-convulsive states.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The restoration to life or consciousness of one apparently dead. (Dorland, 27th ed)
Any liquid or solid preparation made specifically for the growth, storage, or transport of microorganisms or other types of cells. The variety of media that exist allow for the culturing of specific microorganisms and cell types, such as differential media, selective media, test media, and defined media. Solid media consist of liquid media that have been solidified with an agent such as AGAR or GELATIN.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Cellular proteins and peptides that are induced in response to cold stress. They are found in a broad variety of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms.
An electrical current applied to the HEART to terminate a disturbance of its rhythm, ARRHYTHMIAS, CARDIAC. (Stedman, 25th ed)
The property of objects that determines the direction of heat flow when they are placed in direct thermal contact. The temperature is the energy of microscopic motions (vibrational and translational) of the particles of atoms.
A type of shock that occurs as a result of a surgical procedure.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
LACTAMS forming compounds with a ring size of approximately 1-3 dozen atoms.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
Benzene rings which contain two ketone moieties in any position. They can be substituted in any position except at the ketone groups.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
The pressure required to prevent the passage of solvent through a semipermeable membrane that separates a pure solvent from a solution of the solvent and solute or that separates different concentrations of a solution. It is proportional to the osmolality of the solution.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
A constitutively expressed subfamily of the HSP70 heat-shock proteins. They preferentially bind and release hydrophobic peptides by an ATP-dependent process and are involved in post-translational PROTEIN TRANSLOCATION.
Methods for maintaining or growing CELLS in vitro.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
Two-phase systems in which one is uniformly dispersed in another as particles small enough so they cannot be filtered or will not settle out. The dispersing or continuous phase or medium envelops the particles of the discontinuous phase. All three states of matter can form colloids among each other.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
Relating to the size of solids.
Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.
A family of low molecular weight heat-shock proteins that can serve as MOLECULAR CHAPERONES.
Endogenous substances, usually proteins, which are effective in the initiation, stimulation, or termination of the genetic transcription process.
An absence of warmth or heat or a temperature notably below an accustomed norm.
Liquids transforming into solids by the removal of heat.
Microscopy using an electron beam, instead of light, to visualize the sample, thereby allowing much greater magnification. The interactions of ELECTRONS with specimens are used to provide information about the fine structure of that specimen. In TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY the reactions of the electrons that are transmitted through the specimen are imaged. In SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY an electron beam falls at a non-normal angle on the specimen and the image is derived from the reactions occurring above the plane of the specimen.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
A family of multisubunit protein complexes that form into large cylindrical structures which bind to and encapsulate non-native proteins. Chaperonins utilize the energy of ATP hydrolysis to enhance the efficiency of PROTEIN FOLDING reactions and thereby help proteins reach their functional conformation. The family of chaperonins is split into GROUP I CHAPERONINS, and GROUP II CHAPERONINS, with each group having its own repertoire of protein subunits and subcellular preferences.
A family of cellular proteins that mediate the correct assembly or disassembly of polypeptides and their associated ligands. Although they take part in the assembly process, molecular chaperones are not components of the final structures.
Lipid-containing polysaccharides which are endotoxins and important group-specific antigens. They are often derived from the cell wall of gram-negative bacteria and induce immunoglobulin secretion. The lipopolysaccharide molecule consists of three parts: LIPID A, core polysaccharide, and O-specific chains (O ANTIGENS). When derived from Escherichia coli, lipopolysaccharides serve as polyclonal B-cell mitogens commonly used in laboratory immunology. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
The biosynthesis of RNA carried out on a template of DNA. The biosynthesis of DNA from an RNA template is called REVERSE TRANSCRIPTION.
The phenomenon by which dissociated cells intermixed in vitro tend to group themselves with cells of their own type.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.
Adherence of cells to surfaces or to other cells.
Microbial antigens that have in common an extremely potent activating effect on T-cells that bear a specific variable region. Superantigens cross-link the variable region with class II MHC proteins regardless of the peptide binding in the T-cell receptor's pocket. The result is a transient expansion and subsequent death and anergy of the T-cells with the appropriate variable regions.
Small uniformly-sized spherical particles, of micrometer dimensions, frequently labeled with radioisotopes or various reagents acting as tags or markers.
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.
The unfavorable effect of environmental factors (stressors) on the physiological functions of an organism. Prolonged unresolved physiological stress can affect HOMEOSTASIS of the organism, and may lead to damaging or pathological conditions.
Proteins which bind to DNA. The family includes proteins which bind to both double- and single-stranded DNA and also includes specific DNA binding proteins in serum which can be used as markers for malignant diseases.
The lipid- and protein-containing, selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells.
Methods of maintaining or growing biological materials in controlled laboratory conditions. These include the cultures of CELLS; TISSUES; organs; or embryo in vitro. Both animal and plant tissues may be cultured by a variety of methods. Cultures may derive from normal or abnormal tissues, and consist of a single cell type or mixed cell types.
A family of heat-shock proteins that contain a 70 amino-acid consensus sequence known as the J domain. The J domain of HSP40 heat shock proteins interacts with HSP70 HEAT-SHOCK PROTEINS. HSP40 heat-shock proteins play a role in regulating the ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATASES activity of HSP70 heat-shock proteins.
The fission of a CELL. It includes CYTOKINESIS, when the CYTOPLASM of a cell is divided, and CELL NUCLEUS DIVISION.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
Technique using an instrument system for making, processing, and displaying one or more measurements on individual cells obtained from a cell suspension. Cells are usually stained with one or more fluorescent dyes specific to cell components of interest, e.g., DNA, and fluorescence of each cell is measured as it rapidly transverses the excitation beam (laser or mercury arc lamp). Fluorescence provides a quantitative measure of various biochemical and biophysical properties of the cell, as well as a basis for cell sorting. Other measurable optical parameters include light absorption and light scattering, the latter being applicable to the measurement of cell size, shape, density, granularity, and stain uptake.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
Intradermal injection of a heated (pasteurized) saline suspension of sarcoid tissue obtained from a sarcoid spleen or lymph node. In patients with active sarcoidosis a dusky red nodule develops slowly over the next few weeks at the injection site. Histologic examination, an essential part of the complete test, reveals sarcoid tissue.
A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A series of steps taken in order to conduct research.
Proteins prepared by recombinant DNA technology.
Substances that are toxic to the intestinal tract causing vomiting, diarrhea, etc.; most common enterotoxins are produced by bacteria.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
The aggregation of suspended solids into larger clumps.
Condition under normal Earth gravity where the force of gravity itself is not actually altered but its influence or effect may be modified and studied. (From ASGSB Bull 1992;5(2):27)
Methods used to study CELLS.
Therapy whose basic objective is to restore the volume and composition of the body fluids to normal with respect to WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE. Fluids may be administered intravenously, orally, by intermittent gavage, or by HYPODERMOCLYSIS.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.
Implantable devices which continuously monitor the electrical activity of the heart and automatically detect and terminate ventricular tachycardia (TACHYCARDIA, VENTRICULAR) and VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION. They consist of an impulse generator, batteries, and electrodes.
Any of various animals that constitute the family Suidae and comprise stout-bodied, short-legged omnivorous mammals with thick skin, usually covered with coarse bristles, a rather long mobile snout, and small tail. Included are the genera Babyrousa, Phacochoerus (wart hogs), and Sus, the latter containing the domestic pig (see SUS SCROFA).
A potentially lethal cardiac arrhythmia that is characterized by uncoordinated extremely rapid firing of electrical impulses (400-600/min) in HEART VENTRICLES. Such asynchronous ventricular quivering or fibrillation prevents any effective cardiac output and results in unconsciousness (SYNCOPE). It is one of the major electrocardiographic patterns seen with CARDIAC ARREST.
Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.
The sum of the weight of all the atoms in a molecule.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Techniques used in studying bacteria.
The study of the deformation and flow of matter, usually liquids or fluids, and of the plastic flow of solids. The concept covers consistency, dilatancy, liquefaction, resistance to flow, shearing, thixotrophy, and VISCOSITY.
An encapsulated lymphatic organ through which venous blood filters.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
The ability of a substance to be dissolved, i.e. to form a solution with another substance. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Electrophoresis in which a polyacrylamide gel is used as the diffusion medium.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
Potentially pathogenic bacteria found in nasal membranes, skin, hair follicles, and perineum of warm-blooded animals. They may cause a wide range of infections and intoxications.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
Process of using a rotating machine to generate centrifugal force to separate substances of different densities, remove moisture, or simulate gravitational effects. It employs a large motor-driven apparatus with a long arm, at the end of which human and animal subjects, biological specimens, or equipment can be revolved and rotated at various speeds to study gravitational effects. (From Websters, 10th ed; McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
The rate at which oxygen is used by a tissue; microliters of oxygen STPD used per milligram of tissue per hour; the rate at which oxygen enters the blood from alveolar gas, equal in the steady state to the consumption of oxygen by tissue metabolism throughout the body. (Stedman, 25th ed, p346)
Progressive restriction of the developmental potential and increasing specialization of function that leads to the formation of specialized cells, tissues, and organs.
Microscopy in which the object is examined directly by an electron beam scanning the specimen point-by-point. The image is constructed by detecting the products of specimen interactions that are projected above the plane of the sample, such as backscattered electrons. Although SCANNING TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY also scans the specimen point by point with the electron beam, the image is constructed by detecting the electrons, or their interaction products that are transmitted through the sample plane, so that is a form of TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY.
DNA sequences which are recognized (directly or indirectly) and bound by a DNA-dependent RNA polymerase during the initiation of transcription. Highly conserved sequences within the promoter include the Pribnow box in bacteria and the TATA BOX in eukaryotes.
Toxins closely associated with the living cytoplasm or cell wall of certain microorganisms, which do not readily diffuse into the culture medium, but are released upon lysis of the cells.
A ubiquitous sodium salt that is commonly used to season food.
A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain NICOTINE and other biologically active chemicals; its dried leaves are used for SMOKING.
A group of eukaryotic high-molecular mass heat-shock proteins that represent a subfamily of HSP70 HEAT-SHOCK PROTEINS. Hsp110 proteins prevent protein aggregation and can maintain denatured proteins in folding-competent states.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A subfield of acoustics dealing in the radio frequency range higher than acoustic SOUND waves (approximately above 20 kilohertz). Ultrasonic radiation is used therapeutically (DIATHERMY and ULTRASONIC THERAPY) to generate HEAT and to selectively destroy tissues. It is also used in diagnostics, for example, ULTRASONOGRAPHY; ECHOENCEPHALOGRAPHY; and ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY, to visually display echoes received from irradiated tissues.
The phenotypic manifestation of a gene or genes by the processes of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION and GENETIC TRANSLATION.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)
A progressive condition usually characterized by combined failure of several organs such as the lungs, liver, kidney, along with some clotting mechanisms, usually postinjury or postoperative.
That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum in the visible, ultraviolet, and infrared range.
An acute hypersensitivity reaction due to exposure to a previously encountered ANTIGEN. The reaction may include rapidly progressing URTICARIA, respiratory distress, vascular collapse, systemic SHOCK, and death.
Granular leukocytes having a nucleus with three to five lobes connected by slender threads of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing fine inconspicuous granules and stainable by neutral dyes.
A subfamily of small heat-shock proteins that are closely related to ALPHA B-CRYSTALLIN. Hsp20 heat-shock proteins can undergo PHOSPHORYLATION by CYCLIC GMP-DEPENDENT PROTEIN KINASES.
Within a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-limited body which contains chromosomes and one or more nucleoli (CELL NUCLEOLUS). The nuclear membrane consists of a double unit-type membrane which is perforated by a number of pores; the outermost membrane is continuous with the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM. A cell may contain more than one nucleus. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed)
White blood cells formed in the body's lymphoid tissue. The nucleus is round or ovoid with coarse, irregularly clumped chromatin while the cytoplasm is typically pale blue with azurophilic (if any) granules. Most lymphocytes can be classified as either T or B (with subpopulations of each), or NATURAL KILLER CELLS.
Electrophoresis in which a second perpendicular electrophoretic transport is performed on the separate components resulting from the first electrophoresis. This technique is usually performed on polyacrylamide gels.
An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.
Derivatives of ACETIC ACID. Included under this heading are a broad variety of acid forms, salts, esters, and amides that contain the carboxymethane structure.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
One of the alpha crystallin subunits. In addition to being expressed in the lens (LENS, CRYSTALLINE), alpha-crystallin B chain has been found in a variety of tissues such as HEART; BRAIN; MUSCLE; and KIDNEY. Accumulation of the protein in the brain is associated with NEURODEGENERATIVE DISEASES such as CREUTZFELDT-JAKOB SYNDROME and ALEXANDER DISEASE.
The restriction of a characteristic behavior, anatomical structure or physical system, such as immune response; metabolic response, or gene or gene variant to the members of one species. It refers to that property which differentiates one species from another but it is also used for phylogenetic levels higher or lower than the species.
Test for tissue antigen using either a direct method, by conjugation of antibody with fluorescent dye (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, DIRECT) or an indirect method, by formation of antigen-antibody complex which is then labeled with fluorescein-conjugated anti-immunoglobulin antibody (FLUORESCENT ANTIBODY TECHNIQUE, INDIRECT). The tissue is then examined by fluorescence microscopy.
The introduction of a phosphoryl group into a compound through the formation of an ester bond between the compound and a phosphorus moiety.
A subfamily in the family MURIDAE, comprising the hamsters. Four of the more common genera are Cricetus, CRICETULUS; MESOCRICETUS; and PHODOPUS.
The resistance that a gaseous or liquid system offers to flow when it is subjected to shear stress. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Substances used on inanimate objects that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. Disinfectants are classed as complete, destroying SPORES as well as vegetative forms of microorganisms, or incomplete, destroying only vegetative forms of the organisms. They are distinguished from ANTISEPTICS, which are local anti-infective agents used on humans and other animals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
Non-nucleated disk-shaped cells formed in the megakaryocyte and found in the blood of all mammals. They are mainly involved in blood coagulation.
One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.
Cells grown in vitro from neoplastic tissue. If they can be established as a TUMOR CELL LINE, they can be propagated in cell culture indefinitely.
Basic glycoprotein members of the SERPIN SUPERFAMILY that function as COLLAGEN-specific MOLECULAR CHAPERONES in the ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM.
Basic functional unit of plants.
The number of CELLS of a specific kind, usually measured per unit volume or area of sample.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
A primary source of energy for living organisms. It is naturally occurring and is found in fruits and other parts of plants in its free state. It is used therapeutically in fluid and nutrient replacement.
A quality of cell membranes which permits the passage of solvents and solutes into and out of cells.
Serum glycoprotein produced by activated MACROPHAGES and other mammalian MONONUCLEAR LEUKOCYTES. It has necrotizing activity against tumor cell lines and increases ability to reject tumor transplants. Also known as TNF-alpha, it is only 30% homologous to TNF-beta (LYMPHOTOXIN), but they share TNF RECEPTORS.
Any of the processes by which cytoplasmic or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in bacteria.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
A species of the genus SACCHAROMYCES, family Saccharomycetaceae, order Saccharomycetales, known as "baker's" or "brewer's" yeast. The dried form is used as a dietary supplement.
A plant genus of the family Apocynaceae. It is the source of VINCA ALKALOIDS, used in leukemia chemotherapy.
The application of high intensity ultrasound to liquids.
The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.
Proteins obtained from ESCHERICHIA COLI.
Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.
The process of protecting various samples of biological material.
The movement of materials (including biochemical substances and drugs) through a biological system at the cellular level. The transport can be across cell membranes and epithelial layers. It also can occur within intracellular compartments and extracellular compartments.
Toxic substances formed in or elaborated by bacteria; they are usually proteins with high molecular weight and antigenicity; some are used as antibiotics and some to skin test for the presence of or susceptibility to certain diseases.
Serum that contains antibodies. It is obtained from an animal that has been immunized either by ANTIGEN injection or infection with microorganisms containing the antigen.
Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.
A group I chaperonin protein that forms a lid-like structure which encloses the non-polar cavity of the chaperonin complex. The protein was originally studied in BACTERIA where it is commonly referred to as GroES protein.
The first continuously cultured human malignant CELL LINE, derived from the cervical carcinoma of Henrietta Lacks. These cells are used for VIRUS CULTIVATION and antitumor drug screening assays.
The domestic dog, Canis familiaris, comprising about 400 breeds, of the carnivore family CANIDAE. They are worldwide in distribution and live in association with people. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1065)
A subfamily of small heat-shock proteins found in a wide variety of organisms.
Agents that emit light after excitation by light. The wave length of the emitted light is usually longer than that of the incident light. Fluorochromes are substances that cause fluorescence in other substances, i.e., dyes used to mark or label other compounds with fluorescent tags.
Process of growing viruses in live animals, plants, or cultured cells.
Tendency of fluids (e.g., water) to move from the less concentrated to the more concentrated side of a semipermeable membrane.
A milky, product excreted from the latex canals of a variety of plant species that contain cauotchouc. Latex is composed of 25-35% caoutchouc, 60-75% water, 2% protein, 2% resin, 1.5% sugar & 1% ash. RUBBER is made by the removal of water from latex.(From Concise Encyclopedia Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 3rd ed). Hevein proteins are responsible for LATEX HYPERSENSITIVITY. Latexes are used as inert vehicles to carry antibodies or antigens in LATEX FIXATION TESTS.
The part of a cell that contains the CYTOSOL and small structures excluding the CELL NUCLEUS; MITOCHONDRIA; and large VACUOLES. (Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990)
Mature male germ cells derived from SPERMATIDS. As spermatids move toward the lumen of the SEMINIFEROUS TUBULES, they undergo extensive structural changes including the loss of cytoplasm, condensation of CHROMATIN into the SPERM HEAD, formation of the ACROSOME cap, the SPERM MIDPIECE and the SPERM TAIL that provides motility.
The biosynthesis of PEPTIDES and PROTEINS on RIBOSOMES, directed by MESSENGER RNA, via TRANSFER RNA that is charged with standard proteinogenic AMINO ACIDS.
The concentration of osmotically active particles in solution expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per liter of solution. Osmolality is expressed in terms of osmoles of solute per kilogram of solvent.
The diversion of RADIATION (thermal, electromagnetic, or nuclear) from its original path as a result of interactions or collisions with atoms, molecules, or larger particles in the atmosphere or other media. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Abnormally low BLOOD PRESSURE that can result in inadequate blood flow to the brain and other vital organs. Common symptom is DIZZINESS but greater negative impacts on the body occur when there is prolonged depravation of oxygen and nutrients.
A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.
A strong oxidizing agent used in aqueous solution as a ripening agent, bleach, and topical anti-infective. It is relatively unstable and solutions deteriorate over time unless stabilized by the addition of acetanilide or similar organic materials.
A colorless, odorless gas that can be formed by the body and is necessary for the respiration cycle of plants and animals.
Methods of creating machines and devices.
A group of conditions that develop due to overexposure or overexertion in excessive environmental heat.
The preparation, mixing, and assembling of a drug. (From Remington, The Science and Practice of Pharmacy, 19th ed, p1814)
Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.
Histochemical localization of immunoreactive substances using labeled antibodies as reagents.
Chemistry dealing with the composition and preparation of agents having PHARMACOLOGIC ACTIONS or diagnostic use.
Counterpulsation in which a pumping unit synchronized with the patient's electrocardiogram rapidly fills a balloon in the aorta with helium or carbon dioxide in early diastole and evacuates the balloon at the onset of systole. As the balloon inflates, it raises aortic diastolic pressure, and as it deflates, it lowers aortic systolic pressure. The result is a decrease in left ventricular work and increased myocardial and peripheral perfusion.
Transport proteins that carry specific substances in the blood or across cell membranes.
A response to a cue that is instrumental in avoiding a noxious experience.
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations, or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. All animals within an inbred strain trace back to a common ancestor in the twentieth generation.
A chelating agent that sequesters a variety of polyvalent cations such as CALCIUM. It is used in pharmaceutical manufacturing and as a food additive.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
Tools or devices for generating products using the synthetic or chemical conversion capacity of a biological system. They can be classical fermentors, cell culture perfusion systems, or enzyme bioreactors. For production of proteins or enzymes, recombinant microorganisms such as bacteria, mammalian cells, or insect or plant cells are usually chosen.
Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified - cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.
Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. This also includes animals with a long history of closed colony breeding.
A chemical system that functions to control the levels of specific ions in solution. When the level of hydrogen ion in solution is controlled the system is called a pH buffer.
A cell line derived from cultured tumor cells.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
The outermost layer of a cell in most PLANTS; BACTERIA; FUNGI; and ALGAE. The cell wall is usually a rigid structure that lies external to the CELL MEMBRANE, and provides a protective barrier against physical or chemical agents.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
The giving of drugs, chemicals, or other substances by mouth.
The adhesion of gases, liquids, or dissolved solids onto a surface. It includes adsorptive phenomena of bacteria and viruses onto surfaces as well. ABSORPTION into the substance may follow but not necessarily.
Intracellular fluid from the cytoplasm after removal of ORGANELLES and other insoluble cytoplasmic components.
The uptake of naked or purified DNA by CELLS, usually meaning the process as it occurs in eukaryotic cells. It is analogous to bacterial transformation (TRANSFORMATION, BACTERIAL) and both are routinely employed in GENE TRANSFER TECHNIQUES.
Plants or plant parts which are harmful to man or other animals.
Suspension Four wheel independent. Four double acting hydraulic shock absorbers with coil springs. Front anti-roll bar. Manual ...
"Jeff faces suspension". What's on TV. Retrieved 21 August 2017. Childs, Helen (30 October - 5 November 2010). "Kirsty's shock ... Kirsty is "really shocked and annoyed" with Warren for driving as he struggles to walk. Gaskell admitted that Kirsty feels " ...
... suspension from pulley; electric shocks. In 1984 International Commission of Jurists published a report by Law in the Service ... It found: "Suspension of the detainee by the hands and simultaneous traction of his other members for hours at a time until he ... Electric shocks at the temples, the mouth, the chest and testicles." In February 1970 the United Nations Economic and Social ... It list methods used as: a) Falaka (beating of the soles of feet). b) suspension by hands for long periods. c) holding a chair ...
Front Suspension , 8.7" travel, dual shocks, preload and rebound adjustable ,- , Rear Suspension , 8.7" travel, Suzuki Full ... However, the '87+ swingarm will mount to the 85-86 frame with some other minor equipment swap (i.e. rear shock, link). The '87+ ... LT250R M,N The 1991 model year brought about a different linkage in the rear suspension, similar to the LT500R. This ... The front shocks are also about 3" longer than previous models. The air intake from the carburetor to the cylinder is in a 5 ...
"Markov accepts VFL suspension". Richmond FC. Telstra Media. 18 June 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2019. "Shock Tracker results: Your ... "AFL Teams Round 9: Full squads for every game, ins and outs, injuries, suspensions and team news". Fox Sports. News Corp ... Twomey, Callum (13 September 2019). "Telstra Tracker reveals the AFL's running machine, shock speed king". AFL Media. Telstra ...
... specific shock absorbers; and stiffer suspension bushings. The fog lamps were also deleted. The 1LE was simply an option ... The B4C amounted to little more than a Z28 powertrain and suspension in the RS. (Car Craft Magazine refers to the B4C as a 1LE ... Offered as an option package on the Z28, the Camaro IROC-Z featured an upgraded suspension, lowered ride height, specially ... valved Delco-Bilstein shocks, larger diameter sway bars, a steering/frame brace known as the "wonder bar", a special decal ...
Adjustable, custom-tuned suspension. The shock absorbers' response and anti-sway bars are manually adjustable. More powerful ... and suspension components. The Roadster's single-speed gearbox was made in Detroit to Tesla's specifications by Auburn Hills, ...
"WNBA hands down suspensions for Shock-Sparks skirmish". ESPN.com. August 6, 2008. Retrieved June 22, 2019. "Cheryl Ford ... 3 overall pick in the first round by the Detroit Shock in the WNBA Draft. In just her first year in the league, Ford led the ... As a member of the Detroit Shock, she won the WNBA championship three times. Cheryl Ford is the daughter of Bonita Ford and ... Shock from worst to the best record and a WNBA championship in 2003. She is the first player to have won the WNBA Rookie of the ...
Two extra long shock absorbers were installed on each double wishbone suspension to ensure long soft travel. The two speed ... New to Terra Crusher were a double wishbone suspension with two shocks per tire, a differential for reverse gear, on-board ... Aluminum shock towers replaced the TNX's plastic shock towers. Weight has increased slightly to 4.6 kilograms (10 lb) but over ... Weight was further reduced to 4.4 kilograms (9.7 lb). The dual shocks were simplified to a single shock, and universal shafts ...
It's got cop tires, cop suspension, cop shocks. It's a model made before catalytic converters so it'll run good on regular gas ...
Suspension: Control Koni shock absorbers. Bars and springs are not controlled. Bodyshell: Each car is loosely based on either ...
... shock absorbers and suspension struts; electronic damping systems including Continuous Damping Control (CDC), Active Roll ... suspension systems) additional technologies (electronic/software, diagnostic systems, precision plastic technology, lubricants ...
"Michael O'Reilly lodges suspension appeal". RTÉ Sport. 7 August 2016. "Paddy Barnes suffers shock Olympic defeat". RTÉ Sport. 8 ... loses his opening bout to a Spaniard in a shock result. 9 August - boxer Michael O'Reilly is ruled out of the Olympics after ... irishexaminer.com GAA community in Down in shock after the sudden death of Peter Turley, independent.ie FAI pays tribute to the ... Michael O'Reilly's legal team announces it is to officially appeal the boxer's proposed suspension following a failed drug test ...
These jets and associated shock waves can damage the now highly heated surface. Liquid-powder suspensions produce high velocity ...
Rear suspension (shock absorber) has rebound adjustment at the bottom of the shock. High/low speed dampening are adjustable ... Front and rear suspensions were made by WP. Front suspensions (also known as forks) allow compression adjustment at the bottom ... Rear shock on all adventure models of 950 and 990 have hydraulic preload adjustment accessible with a knob on the left side of ... Front and rear suspension travel was changed by KTM throughout the years it was in production. Seat height and ground clearance ...
Suspension at the rear consisted of a De Dion axle with twin arms and transverse leaf spring helped by hydraulic shock ... The front suspension was independent with unequal-length wishbones. Coil springs with hydraulic shock absorbers were also ...
All four wheels used hydraulic Shock absorbers and hydraulically controlled drum brakes. The steering used a ZF manufactured ... The front suspension employed wishbones and quarter-elliptical springs. The rear wheels were attached to a swing axle with a ...
Listeners shocked by XM hosts' suspension. Latimes.com (2007-05-17). Retrieved on 2011-11-11. "Sponsors pull advertising over ... XM subscribers backlash over O&A suspension Archived 2007-06-05 at the Wayback Machine [3] Listeners shocked by XM hosts' ... Among the thirty or so submissions that he received, one of them was "Gonna Electric Shock O.J." to the tune of "(Sittin' On) ... After the fallout from the firing of fellow broadcasters Don Imus and JV & Elvis, as well as XM's suspension of Opie and ...
The SU-152G used individual torsion for suspension. Hydraulic shock absorbers were installed on the first and the sixth pair of ...
Nevertheless, this bike did not have a mono-shock suspension. The bike had a major visual makeover in late 2008 and is the more ...
... suspensions conventionally used leaf springs and shock absorbers. It was also used in early aircraft (1910 or before ... Most rear suspensions have been replaced by more modern independent suspensions in recent years, and both swing and de Dion ... www.imps4ever.info/tech/suspension.html Fitzgerald, Craig. "Ford's Twin I-Beam Front Suspension". hemmings. American City ... The swing axle suspension has two advantages over the typical live axle: It reduced unsprung weight since the differential is ...
Each axle had four rubber suspensions as its primary suspension. The carriage rested on the bogie on rubber plates. Later the ... bogies were supplemented with a shock absorber. The motors were connected to the wheel axles via a universal joint and a gear. ... A horizontal suspension was added, which helped somewhat to reduce the swaying. This could only be installed on the newer MBO55 ... This time vertical suspension was installed between the bogies and axle box, finally solving the issue with the swaying. Other ...
A larger mono-tube shock will be able to displace more hydraulic fluid, providing a more sensitive response to small suspension ... A coilover is an automobile suspension device. The name coilover is an abbreviation of "coil-over shock absorber". Coilovers ... They are sometimes used as a factory suspension option on new cars. Coilovers are used in double wishbone suspension systems, ... An example of high speed in the context of suspension movement would be a car hitting a bump; an example of slow speed movement ...
The portal axles have coil springs and telescopic shock absorbers. This construction allows very long suspension travel. The ... reduction gears and coil springs with hydraulic shock absorbers for the rear and front axles. For powering mountable equipment ...
Shock absorbers were available for the front end. The rear suspension differed from the Model A Ford. The AA had leaf springs ... The rear suspension did not have shocks. The controls in the Model AA are entirely mechanical, except the windshield wipers in ... The suspension of the AA Truck was similar to the Model A Ford in the front end. A leaf spring is centered in the front 'A' ...
The new tank had a suspension with six light road wheels made of aluminium. The turret was cast and armed with the same D-54TS ... The tank is fitted with RhKM tracks from the T-72 main battle tank and two additional shock absorbers on the first pair of road ... The T-62 uses torsion bar suspension. It has five pairs of rubber-tired road wheels, a drive sprocket at the rear and idler at ... The first and last road wheels each have a hydraulic shock absorber. The tank is powered by the V-55 12-cylinder 4-stroke one- ...
... and wide-track front suspension. The shocks are also improved, with the smooth action expected of modern oil-filled units. The ... Kelron chassis and aluminum front shock towers with long shocks. Ford Ranger body came with the kit.) Triumph Pro X (the first ... Uses a double wishbone for front suspension, and a semi-streaming arm for rear suspension. The cars aluminum frame and rear ... The double trailing arm front suspension, semi-streaming rear suspension, aluminum ladder frame, rear-mounted RS540S motor, oil ...
He owns the shock manufacturer and consultant group Velocity Racing Suspensions. Gale also races super late models in the ... Although Gale has not raced in NASCAR since 2017, he has remained involved in the sport, building shocks and consulting for ... South Carolina as 2005 Snowball Derby winner Eddie Mercer presented Gale with the chance to be the shock specialist for Phoenix ...
It featured a host of shock updates including longer travel suspension. MBX-7R & MBX-7TR ECO Current Models MBX7R The 7R ... The new car features 16mm shocks which are up from the previous 15mm shocks used in the MBX7T, as well as a stiffer chassis and ... The rear shocks had a shorter stroke by 4 mm compared to its predecessor. MBX-7R The vehicle was released in December 2014. ... Mugen called it their "Expert Model." MBX-4R The MBX-4R was a revised version of the MBX-4 and had updated suspension, an arms ...
Each wheel has coil springs and telescopic shock absorbers; the rear tires each have dual coil-over shocks. The shock absorbers ... Giotto Bizzarrini later stated that AMC had asked him for "a chassis and suspension". However, only the suspension is proven to ... Another unusual arrangement in all six AMX / 3s is the use of dual coil - over shock absorbers at each rear corner Automobile ... The body design and drivetrain came from AMC, the chassis and suspension were developed in Europe. The design was generally ...
Shock-mitigating suspension seats are designed to reduce the severity of vibration and mechanical shock. These seats are used ... a shock-mitigating suspension seat consists of a seating surface attached to a vertically mounted suspension unit supported by ... The suspension module may be of custom design or adapted from the shock-absorbing isolators used in off-road vehicles, trucks, ... Shock-mitigating suspension seats are related to the blast seats used to protect personnel from IEDs in armored vehicles and ...
On a motorcycle with a single shock absorber rear suspension, a single shock absorber connects the rear swingarm to the ... In 1972, Yamaha introduced the Mono-Shock single shock absorber rear suspension system on their motorcycles competing in the ... The performance of single shock absorber suspensions was vastly superior to twin shock motorcycles. Accordingly, this design ... and a swingarm with one or two shock absorbers for the rear suspension. The most common form of front suspension for a modern ...
... these shock bushings are made of heavy duty polyurethane. ... For ultimate performance with limited wearing, these shock ... Shock Bushings. Skyjacker shock replacement bushings improve shock response time by eliminating free play caused by worn out ...
So lets go back in time and take a look at some of the suspensions that shocked us all and were not related to substances, ... Fifteen Suspensions That Shocked the Sports World. By Thomas Delatte on May 20th, 2015 ... His suspension cost him his career as he never quite bounced back. He became that incident for the rest of his life. ... For the first time in his career, Tom Brady is going to miss a regular season game as a result of his suspension for the New ...
B8541 - Black MAX Shock Absorber quantity. Add to cart. California Residents. WARNING: Cancer and/or other Reproductive Harm. ... Black MAX Shock Absorber; w/Black Boot; 26.07 in. Extended; 15.57 in. Collapsed; ...
Polyurethane shock bushings and grommets last forever and add to the performance of every shock. ... Give any shock maximum efficiency while extending its life. ... Energy Suspension Universal Shock Eyes - 9.8138G. Part Number: ... Lift Kits, Suspension & Shocks * * Lift Kits * * Complete Suspension Systems and Lift Kits ... Energy Suspension Shock Tower Bushing Set - 9.8177G. Part Number: ENE9.8177G ...
2020 Manitou Mara rear shock details and specifications. Manitous Mara rear shock is aimed at new-school XC riders and racers. ... 2020 Manitou R7 Pro suspension fork details and specifications. The R7 fork has a range of adjustment and a full lockout mode. ... The Mara is a new addition to Manitous range and is a "slimmed down and XC focused" version of the existing Mara Pro shock. ... Manitous new R7 forks and Mara shock are for XC racing and day-to-day shredding. Light and fast products for racers and ...
2004 to 2008 FORD F-150 2WD Can accommodate lifted suspensions between 0-1.5 ... PRO-TRUCK SPORT SHOCK (Single Rear for Lifted Suspensions 0-1.5) FORD F-150 2WD. (Front) ... Performance Shock Absorber - Precision Engineered for Street and Off-Road Performance.. *Can accommodate Lifted Suspensions 0- ...
Buy a 1990 Volvo 780 Shock Absorber at discount prices. Choose top quality brands Bilstein, Genuine, Sachs. ... Notes: B4 Series OE Replacement Shock Absorber -- With 0 in. Lift/Drop; Without Self Leveling Suspension ... Notes: Shock Absorber - Bilstein B4 OE Replacement -- For cars without NIVOMAT shocks. ... We have 6 shock absorber products to choose from for your 1990 Volvo 780, and our low-cost options range from $46.43 up to $ ...
Buy a 1988 Toyota Tercel Shock Mount at discount prices. Choose top quality brands AC Delco, Gabriel. ... We have 7 shock mount products to choose from for your 1988 Toyota Tercel, and our low-cost options range from $9.73 up to $ ... 1988 Toyota Tercel Shock Mount Change Vehicle. Review Fitment Notes Filter By Brand ... Notes: Professional -- New; Strut Cushion for use with the Strut/Cartridge/Shocks ...
SHOCKS/SUSPENSION » *Axle Parts. West Coast Metric - Axle Parts Browse Axle Parts Products Sort Best Match. Lowest Price. ...
See our Polaris 850 Sportsman Touring EPS INTL - A11DX85FF SUSPENSION SHOCK, REAR - A11DX85FF diagram for every assembly on ... A11DX85FF SUSPENSION SHOCK, REAR - A11DX85FF parts done right at BikeBandit.com. ... We know when you order your 2011 Polaris 850 Sportsman Touring EPS INTL - A11DX85FF SUSPENSION SHOCK, REAR - A11DX85FF OEM ... For fast shipping on any 2011 Polaris 850 Sportsman Touring EPS INTL - A11DX85FF SUSPENSION SHOCK, REAR - A11DX85FF OEM part, ...
... off select brands with a Gold Club membership when you get a Progressive Suspension 12 Series PS20 Dual Shocks (part number 12- ... Purchase the Progressive Suspension 12 Series PS20 Dual Shocks at J&P Cycles, your source for aftermarket motorcycle parts and ... Progressive Suspension 12 Series PS20 Dual Shocks. Enter your email address below to be notified when this item is back in ... Description for Progressive Suspension 12 Series PS20 Dual Shocks. • Double-wall steel body. • 5-position preload adjustment. ...
Honda CB 500X Shocks and Suspension from Öhlins USA ...
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2018 Kawasaki Vulcan 1700 Vaquero VN1700 Suspension/Shock Absorber assembly detail & product fiche. Shop original factory ... Suspension/Shock Absorber 2018 Kawasaki Vulcan 1700 Vaquero VN1700 Suspension/Shock Absorber OEM Parts Diagram Diagram: F510491 ... RevZilla is proud to carry every original part available for your 2018 Kawasaki Vulcan 1700 Vaquero VN1700 Suspension/Shock ...
Shock Oil is a semi-synthetic formulation that combines the best of available oils and additives for a super suspension oil. ... Its viscosity stays constant as the temperature changes, so your shock feels the same whether youre roasting or freezing! ... Tip: Check your written (or online) owners manual to determine which oil weight is correct for your suspension. ...
2008 Kawasaki GTR 1400 Shocks and Suspension from Öhlins USA ...
2011 Honda CRF 250R Shocks and Suspension from Öhlins USA ...
1999 Kawasaki Zephyr 1100 Shocks and Suspension from Öhlins USA ...
Explore our huge selection of premium shocks and accessories for your Truck, Jeep, or SUV! Carefully designed for a great fit ... Superlift Shadow Shock Pack - 0-1.5 Inch Lift Kit - Front And Rear Shocks ... Copyright @ 2021 Superlift Suspension Systems. All rights reserved.. **These figures are estimates. Actual terms shown at ... ""No Cache Found for shocks\/0-1-5-in""CCPA_OptOut not detected.""site_page_cache active""USE CACHE:table""No Cache Found for ...
... foaming and scuffing in suspension components. High viscosity index and shear-stability controls shock fade and inconsistent… ... The constant friction within a shock body decreases suspension performance. AMSOIL Shock Therapy Suspension Fluid contains ... Use AMSOIL Shock Therapy Suspension Fluid Light #5 (STL) in suspension systems where less dampening and quicker rebounds are ... Use AMSOIL Shock Therapy Suspension Fluid in front forks and shocks on snowmobiles, dirt bikes, motorcycles, ATVs and other ...
Buy a 2019 Ford Taurus Shock Absorber at discount prices. Choose top quality brands API, FCS Automotive, Gabriel, KYB, Monroe, ... Notes: Gas Shock Absorber Kit -- Kit Includes (2) Rear Shock Absorbers; Excludes SHO Models ... We have 17 shock absorber products to choose from for your 2019 Ford Taurus, and our low-cost options range from $32.98 up to $ ... 2019 Ford Taurus Shock Absorber Change Vehicle. Review Fitment Notes Filter By Brand ...
1990 Honda NSR 250R-SE Shocks and Suspension from Öhlins USA ...
2019 Royal Enfield Interceptor 650 Shocks and Suspension from Öhlins USA ...
VW SUSPENSION-REAR , BEETLE / GHIA SWINGAXLE - REAR SHOCK ABSORBERS ... You are here: Home , VW SUSPENSION-REAR , BEETLE / GHIA SWINGAXLE , REAR SHOCK ABSORBERS ... VWC-111-513-475-BPR - (111513475B) - PAIR OF 80MM X 12MM SHOCK BOLTS - BEETLE/GHIA 59-79 - 12MM-1.5 80MM LONG - VARIOUS SHOCK ... KYB-KG5529 - KYB GAS-A-JUST SHOCK REAR - BEETLE 52-79 / GHIA 56-74 / BUS 55-67 / TYPE 3 62-74 / THING 73-74 - SOLD EACH MSRP: ...
2002 Harley-Davidson VRSC V-Rod Shocks and Suspension from Öhlins USA ...
Buy a 2017 Hyundai Accent Shock Absorber at discount prices. Choose top quality brands API, DIY Solutions, FCS Automotive, ... We have 10 shock absorber products to choose from for your 2017 Hyundai Accent, and our low-cost options range from $27.98 up ... 2017 Hyundai Accent Shock Absorber Change Vehicle. Review Fitment Notes Filter By Brand ... Precision-engineered for the ultimate in safety and performance, Ultra(TM) shock absorbers by Gabriel provide improved comfort ...
  • In its simplest form, a shock-mitigating suspension seat consists of a seating surface attached to a vertically mounted suspension unit supported by an accompanying structural frame. (wikipedia.org)
  • All standards use some form of metric to relate vibration and shock exposure to risk of injury. (wikipedia.org)
  • The most common form of front suspension for a modern motorcycle is the telescopic fork. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though it is the most common configuration, the axis of travel of the shock-absorber need not be parallel to the axis of travel of the seat surface, and it need not be fixed over the course of its stroke. (wikipedia.org)
  • Total sag is set to optimize the initial position of the suspension to avoid bottoming out or topping out under normal riding conditions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Precision-engineered for the ultimate in safety and performance, Ultra(TM) shock absorbers by Gabriel provide improved comfort and control, long life and durability, and maximum shock performance for today's passenger cars. (partsgeek.com)
  • The shock absorbers are delivered with a model specific ABE and do not have to be registered. (classicbike-raisch.de)
  • EFS shock absorbers are vehicle & height specific with valving developed to suit each vehicle. (directsuspensions.com.au)
  • This new piston valve technology reacts within one hundredth of a second giving you 'on the fly' automatic adjustment of your shock absorbers which keeps you in control. (directsuspensions.com.au)
  • Performance Shock Absorber - Precision Engineered for Street and Off-Road Performance. (eibach.com)
  • B4 Series OE Replacement Shock Absorber -- With 0 in. (partsgeek.com)
  • Shock Absorber - Bilstein B4 OE Replacement -- For cars without NIVOMAT shocks. (partsgeek.com)
  • Shock Absorber -- (up to 8600 GVW) (Exc. (partsgeek.com)
  • We guarantee an absolutely fitting shock absorber specially tuned to each rider. (classicbike-raisch.de)
  • The EFS Elite shock absorber range is developed for the 4wd owner who only pursues the best for their 4wd. (directsuspensions.com.au)
  • DMC-T is a new advancement in shock absorber technology developed by the EFS Research and Development Team here in Australia. (directsuspensions.com.au)
  • The suspension strut has a basic length of 350 mm and can be adjusted by +/- 5 mm due to the integrated length adjustment. (classicbike-raisch.de)
  • Manitou's new R7 Pro and Expert forks, and its Mara rear shock, are aimed at a traditional but resurgent crowd: cross-country racers and riders. (bikeradar.com)
  • AMSOIL Shock Therapy Suspension Fluid contains friction modifiers to reduce the energy loss caused by friction, while anti-wear agents are added to protect shocks and forks from premature wear. (motoroilinfo.com)
  • Use AMSOIL Shock Therapy Suspension Fluid in front forks and shocks on snowmobiles, dirt bikes, motorcycles, ATVs and other racing and recreational-use vehicles, as well as cars and trucks that require suspension systems that perform in the most extreme conditions. (motoroilinfo.com)
  • Made for ATV's/UTV's by Progressive Suspension allowing you to bolt and go, these also allow an extra 3/4" suspension travel. (customcruisers.com)
  • This system comes complete with ICON V.S. Series 2.5″ Diameter Piggyback Reservoir Shocks in the Front and Rear and our Dual Rate Coil-springs. (iconvehicledynamics.com)
  • A new set of springs will greatly improve the ride and how your machine handles, but where you get extraordinary results is when you couple it with our full shock re-valving. (strtuning.com)
  • BikeBandit.com offers thousands of 2011 Polaris 850 Sportsman Touring EPS INTL - A11DX85FF SUSPENSION SHOCK, REAR - A11DX85FF OEM parts to repair or restore your 2011 Polaris 850 Sportsman Touring EPS INTL - A11DX85FF SUSPENSION SHOCK, REAR - A11DX85FF to original factory condition. (bikebandit.com)
  • Navigate your 2011 Polaris 850 Sportsman Touring EPS INTL - A11DX85FF SUSPENSION SHOCK, REAR - A11DX85FF schematics below to shop OEM parts by detailed schematic diagrams offered for every assembly on your machine. (bikebandit.com)
  • OEM is an acronym for original equipment manufacturer, which means that the 2011 Polaris 850 Sportsman Touring EPS INTL - A11DX85FF SUSPENSION SHOCK, REAR - A11DX85FF OEM parts offered at BikeBandit.com are genuine Polaris parts. (bikebandit.com)
  • Genuine parts give 2011 Polaris 850 Sportsman Touring EPS INTL - A11DX85FF SUSPENSION SHOCK, REAR - A11DX85FF owners the ability to repair or restore a broken down or damaged machine back to the condition it first appeared in on the showroom floor. (bikebandit.com)
  • Our detailed 2011 Polaris 850 Sportsman Touring EPS INTL - A11DX85FF SUSPENSION SHOCK, REAR - A11DX85FF schematic diagrams make it easy to find the right OEM part the first time, whether you're looking for individual parts or an entire assembly. (bikebandit.com)
  • AMSOIL Shock Therapy Suspension Fluid is formulated with shear-stable synthetic base stocks with high viscosity indices. (motoroilinfo.com)
  • AMSOIL Shock Therapy Suspension Fluid has been tested and proven to be a superior, balanced product recommended for a wide range of temperatures and applications. (motoroilinfo.com)
  • AMSOIL Shock Therapy Suspension Fluid is formulated to make suspension systems more predictable. (motoroilinfo.com)
  • Shock Therapy Suspension Fluid Light #5 is the preferred choice for winter use. (motoroilinfo.com)
  • These 10-stage variable valving, high-pressure Nitrogen charged shocks offer a fantastic blend of off-road action and smooth highway ride quality. (ntwonline.com)
  • 10-Stage Variable ValvingHigh Pressure Nitrogen Charged35mm PistonChromed Hardened 18mm Piston Rod54mm Shock Body to dissipate heat faster36kN Tensile StrengthSpring Loaded Piston Rod SealMilitary Spec. (ntwonline.com)
  • The nitrogen gas charged Bullit shocks offer the latest in suspension technology in a springless system, for amazing ride quality, enhanced control and subtle rider feedback. (thespeedmerchant.net)
  • Skyjacker shock replacement bushings improve shock response time by eliminating free play caused by worn out rubber or poly bushings at the mounts. (skyjacker.com)
  • In a more simple term this valving system will negate the use of externally adjustable shocks because this technology adjusts automatically while you are driving to suit the driving conditions. (directsuspensions.com.au)
  • Rancho® Suspension: A Division of Tenneco Inc. (gorancho.com)
  • Product Type: Emulsion Gas Shock (ECO). (looops.net)
  • Rebound adjuster knob for DVO Jade rear shocks. (bike24.com)
  • Its viscosity stays constant as the temperature changes, so your shock feels the same whether you're roasting or freezing! (eddys.com)
  • High viscosity index and shear-stability controls shock fade and inconsistent dampening in temperature extremes. (motoroilinfo.com)
  • The Experts at STR will completely take your shock apart taking a look at all your valving, seals, shims, and shaft and design a system for your exact riding style that will simply blow you away. (strtuning.com)
  • Rear Twin Shock Emulsion Gas Shock (ECO) RE302-320T-09. (looops.net)
  • Product Group: Rear Twin Shock. (looops.net)
  • YSS Twin Rear ECO Gas Shock Kawasaki EL 252 ELIMINATOR 1996-03 EL252F YSS-3BR , Item model number: BIS1W1JZ0413, You can be completely assured of reliable quality at most competitive and unbeatable prices because you are buying directly from the manufacturer. (looops.net)
  • YSS Twin Rear ECO Gas Shock Kawasaki EL 252 ELIMINATOR 1996-03 EL252F YSS-3BR , ❀Wonderful gift for you and your female friends, Durable material:Made of a durable polyester fabric blend making it the ideal bandanas for dogs. (looops.net)
  • This bladder system is suited for the DVO Jade or Topaz rear shock. (bike24.com)