Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Sex: The totality of characteristics of reproductive structure, functions, PHENOTYPE, and GENOTYPE, differentiating the MALE from the FEMALE organism.Sex Chromosomes: The homologous chromosomes that are dissimilar in the heterogametic sex. There are the X CHROMOSOME, the Y CHROMOSOME, and the W, Z chromosomes (in animals in which the female is the heterogametic sex (the silkworm moth Bombyx mori, for example)). In such cases the W chromosome is the female-determining and the male is ZZ. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Sex Determination Processes: The mechanisms by which the SEX of an individual's GONADS are fixed.Unsafe Sex: Sexual behaviors which are high-risk for contracting SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or for producing PREGNANCY.Sex Workers: People who engage in occupational sexual behavior in exchange for economic rewards or other extrinsic considerations.Sex Differentiation: The process in developing sex- or gender-specific tissue, organ, or function after SEX DETERMINATION PROCESSES have set the sex of the GONADS. Major areas of sex differentiation occur in the reproductive tract (GENITALIA) and the brain.Safe Sex: Sexual behavior that prevents or reduces the spread of SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or PREGNANCY.Sex Attractants: Pheromones that elicit sexual attraction or mating behavior usually in members of the opposite sex in the same species.Sex Determination Analysis: Validation of the SEX of an individual by inspection of the GONADS and/or by genetic tests.Disorders of Sex Development: In gonochoristic organisms, congenital conditions in which development of chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex is atypical. Effects from exposure to abnormal levels of GONADAL HORMONES in the maternal environment, or disruption of the function of those hormones by ENDOCRINE DISRUPTORS are included.Sex Preselection: Methods for controlling genetic SEX of offspring.Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin: A glycoprotein migrating as a beta-globulin. Its molecular weight, 52,000 or 95,000-115,000, indicates that it exists as a dimer. The protein binds testosterone, dihydrotestosterone, and estradiol in the plasma. Sex hormone-binding protein has the same amino acid sequence as ANDROGEN-BINDING PROTEIN. They differ by their sites of synthesis and post-translational oligosaccharide modifications.Sex Counseling: Advice and support given to individuals to help them understand and resolve their sexual adjustment problems. It excludes treatment for PSYCHOSEXUAL DISORDERS or PSYCHOSEXUAL DYSFUNCTION.Gonadal Steroid Hormones: Steroid hormones produced by the GONADS. They stimulate reproductive organs, germ cell maturation, and the secondary sex characteristics in the males and the females. The major sex steroid hormones include ESTRADIOL; PROGESTERONE; and TESTOSTERONE.Prostitution: The practice of indulging in sexual relations for money.Homosexuality, Male: Sexual attraction or relationship between males.Sex Education: Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.Coitus: The sexual union of a male and a female, a term used for human only.Pregnancy in Adolescence: Pregnancy in human adolescent females under the age of 19.Orgasm: The climax of sexual excitement in either humans or animals.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Sexual Dysfunction, Physiological: Physiological disturbances in normal sexual performance in either the male or the female.Video Games: A form of interactive entertainment in which the player controls electronically generated images that appear on a video display screen. This includes video games played in the home on special machines or home computers, and those played in arcades.Medicine in Literature: Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.Literature, ModernFamous PersonsDrama: A composition in prose or verse presenting in dialogue or pantomime a story involving various characters, usually intended to be acted on a stage and to be regarded as a form of entertainment. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)N-Methyl-3,4-methylenedioxyamphetamine: An N-substituted amphetamine analog. It is a widely abused drug classified as a hallucinogen and causes marked, long-lasting changes in brain serotonergic systems. It is commonly referred to as MDMA or ecstasy.Voice Quality: That component of SPEECH which gives the primary distinction to a given speaker's VOICE when pitch and loudness are excluded. It involves both phonatory and resonatory characteristics. Some of the descriptions of voice quality are harshness, breathiness and nasality.Cell Death: The termination of the cell's ability to carry out vital functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, responsiveness, and adaptability.Depth Perception: Perception of three-dimensionality.Diamond: Diamond. A crystalline form of carbon that occurs as hard, colorless or tinted isomeric crystals. It is used as a precious stone, for cutting glass, and as bearings for delicate mechanisms. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Head: The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.Body Height: The distance from the sole to the crown of the head with body standing on a flat surface and fully extended.Rotation: Motion of an object in which either one or more points on a line are fixed. It is also the motion of a particle about a fixed point. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Cephalometry: The measurement of the dimensions of the HEAD.Waist Circumference: The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.

Water traffic accidents, drowning and alcohol in Finland, 1969-1995. (1/9064)

OBJECTIVE: To examine age- and sex-specific mortality rates and trends in water traffic accidents (WTA), and their association with alcohol, in Finland. MATERIALS AND METHODS: National mortality and population data from Finland, 1969-1995, are used to analyse rates and trends. The mortality rates are calculated on the basis of population, per 100000 inhabitants in each age group (<1, 1-4, 5-14, 15-24, 25-44, 45-64, > or = 65), and analysed by sex and age. The Poisson regression model and chi2 test for trend (EGRET and StatXact softwares) are used to analyse time trends. RESULTS: From 1969 through 1995 there were 3473 (2.7/100000/year; M:F= 20.4:1) WTA-related deaths among Finns of all ages. In 94.7% of the cases the cause of death was drowning. Alcohol intoxication was a contributing cause of death in 63.0% of the fatalities. During the study period the overall WTA mortality rates declined significantly (-4% per year; P < 0.001). This decline was observed in all age groups except > or = 65 year olds. The overall mortality rates in WTA associated with alcohol intoxication (1987-1995) also declined significantly (-6%; P = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In Finland, mortality rates in WTA are exceptionally high. Despite a marked decline in most age groups, the high mortality in WTA nevertheless remains a preventable cause of death. Preventive countermeasures targeted specifically to adult males, to the reduction of alcohol consumption in aquatic settings and to the use of personal safety devices should receive priority.  (+info)

Different factors influencing the expression of Raynaud's phenomenon in men and women. (2/9064)

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the risk profile for Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) is different between men and women. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study of 800 women and 725 men participating in the Framingham Offspring Study, the association of age, marital status, smoking, alcohol use, diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia with prevalent RP was examined in men and women separately, after adjusting for relevant confounders. RESULTS: The prevalence of RP was 9.6% (n = 77) in women and 5.8% (n = 42) in men. In women, marital status and alcohol use were each associated with prevalent RP (for marital status adjusted odds ratio [OR] 2.3, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.4-3.9; for alcohol use OR 2.2, 95% CI 1.0-5.2), whereas these factors were not associated with RP in men (marital status OR 1.4, 95% CI 0.6-3.5; alcohol use OR 1.0, 95% CI 0.2-4.4). In men, older age (OR 2.3, 95% CI 1.0-5.2) and smoking (OR 2.6, 95% CI 1.1-6.3) were associated with prevalent RP; these factors were not associated with RP in women (older age OR 0.8, 95% CI 0.4-1.6; smoking OR 0.7, 95% CI 0.4-1.1). Diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolemia were not associated with RP in either sex. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that risk factors for RP differ between men and women. Age and smoking were associated with RP in men only, while the associations of marital status and alcohol use with RP were observed in women only. These findings suggest that different mechanisms influence the expression of RP in men and women.  (+info)

Risk factors for injuries and other health problems sustained in a marathon. (3/9064)

OBJECTIVES: To identify risk factors for injuries and other health problems occurring during or immediately after participation in a marathon. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was undertaken of participants in the 1993 Auckland Citibank marathon. Demographic data, information on running experience, training and injuries, and information on other lifestyle factors were obtained from participants before the race using an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Information on injuries and other health problems sustained during or immediately after the marathon were obtained by a self administered questionnaire. Logistic regression analyses were undertaken to identify significant risk factors for health problems. RESULTS: This study, one of only a few controlled epidemiological studies that have been undertaken of running injuries, has identified a number of risk factors for injuries and other health problems sustained in a marathon. Men were at increased risk of hamstring and calf problems, whereas women were at increased risk of hip problems. Participation in a marathon for the first time, participation in other sports, illness in the two weeks before the marathon, current use of medication, and drinking alcohol once a month or more, were associated with increased self reported risks of problems. While increased training seemed to increase the risk of front thigh and hamstring problems, it may decrease the risk of knee problems. There are significant but complex relations between age and risk of injury or health problem. CONCLUSIONS: This study has identified certain high risk subjects and risk factors for injuries and other health problems sustained in a marathon. In particular, subjects who have recently been unwell or are taking medication should weigh up carefully the pros and cons of participating.  (+info)

Prediction of life expectancy in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension. A retrospective nationwide survey from 1980-1990. (4/9064)

Primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH) is a progressive disease of unknown etiology usually followed by death within 5 years after diagnosis. Although heart-lung or lung transplantation is now offered to patients with advanced PPH, adequate criteria assessing an accurate prediction of life expectancy in PPH has been difficult to establish. The aims of this study were to identify the characteristic features associated with a poor prognosis in patients with PPH, and to attempt to establish an individual prognostic index that predicts with great accuracy survival or death of PPH after one year, thereby helping to define criteria for patient selection for transplantation. In 1991, a retrospective nation-wide survey on PPH was conducted in Japan, and the clinical and cardiorespiratory variables of 223 PPH cases (female; 144, male; 79) in the period from 1980-1990 were obtained. The mean pulmonary arterial pressure (PPA) was 57.5+/-17.2 mm Hg (mean+/-SD), and the overall median survival time was 32.5 months since the first diagnostic catheterization. The characteristic features of 61 patients who died within one year of catheterization (Nonsurvivors group) were compared to 141 patients who survived one year or more from the time of catheterization (Survivors group). Among several clinical and cardiorespiratory variables, heart rate, PPA, right atrial pressure (PRA), stroke volume index (SI), pulmonary vascular resistance, and partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) were significantly different between the two groups. As the independent factors, PPA, PRA, SI, and PaCO2 were selected for the multiple logistic analysis. Using a 0.7 probability cut-point to separate Nonsurvivors from Survivors, 84.6% of Nonsurvivors and Survivors could be correctly predicted from this logistic regression equation. Predictive equations like the present preliminary one can be used in the future to better assess life expectancy in patients with PPH in whom transplantation will be considered.  (+info)

Cancer mortality in agricultural regions of Minnesota. (5/9064)

Because of its unique geology, Minnesota can be divided into four agricultural regions: south-central region one (corn, soybeans); west-central region two (wheat, corn, soybeans); northwest region three (wheat, sugar beets, potatoes); and northeast region four (forested and urban in character). Cancer mortality (1980-1989) in agricultural regions one, two, and three was compared to region four. Using data compiled by the National Center for Health Statistics, cancer mortality was summarized by 5-year age groups, sex, race, and county. Age-standardized mortality rate ratios were calculated for white males and females for all ages combined, and for children aged 0-14. Increased mortality rate ratios and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were observed for the following cancer sites: region one--lip (men), standardized rate ratio (SRR) = 2.70 (CI, 1.08-6.71); nasopharynx (women), SRR = 3.35 (CI, 1.20-9.31); region two--non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (women), SRR = 1.35 (CI, 1.09-1.66); and region three--prostate (men), SRR = 1.12 (CI, 1.00-1.26); thyroid (men), SRR = 2.95 (CI, 1.35-6.44); bone (men), SRR = 2.09 (CI, 1. 00-4.34); eye (women), SRR = 5.77 (CI, 1.90-17.50). Deficits of smoking-related cancers were noted. Excess cancers reported are consistent with earlier reports of agriculturally related cancers in the midwestern United States. However, reports on thyroid and bone cancer in association with agricultural pesticides are few in number. The highest use of fungicides occurs in region three. Ethylenebisdithiocarbamates, whose metabolite is a known cause of thyroid cancer in rats, are frequently applied. This report provides a rationale for evaluation of the carcinogenic potential of this suspect agent in humans.  (+info)

Exposure to indoor background radiation and urinary concentrations of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine, a marker of oxidative DNA damage. (6/9064)

We investigated whether exposure to indoor [gamma]-radiation and radon might be associated with enough free radical formation to increase urinary concentrations of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), a sensitive marker of DNA damage, due to a hydroxyl radical attack at the C8 of guanine. Indoor radon and [gamma]-radiation levels were measured in 32 dwellings for 6 months by solid-state nuclear track detectors and thermoluminescent dosimeters, respectively. Urine samples for 8-OHdG determinations were obtained from 63 healthy adult subjects living in the measured dwellings. An overall tendency toward increasing levels of 8-OHdG with increasing levels of radon and [gamma]-radiation was seen in the females, presumably due to their estimated longer occupancy in the dwellings measured. Different models were considered for females, with the steepest slopes obtained for [gamma]-radiation with a coefficient of 0.500 (log nmol/l of 8-OHdG for each unit increase of [gamma]-radiation on a log scale) (p<0.01), and increasing to 0.632 (p = 0.035), but with larger variance, when radon was included in the model. In conclusion, there seems to be an effect of indoor radioactivity on the urinary excretion of 8-OHdG for females, who are estimated to have a higher occupancy in the dwellings measured than for males, for whom occupational and other agents may also influence 8-OHdG excretion. ree radicals; [gamma]-radiation; radon.  (+info)

Gout and hyperuricemia. (7/9064)

Gout is a condition characterized by the deposition of monosodium urate crystals in the joints or soft tissue. The four phases of gout include asymptomatic hyperuricemia, acute gouty arthritis, intercritical gout and chronic tophaceous gout. The peak incidence occurs in patients 30 to 50 years old, and the condition is much more common in men than in women. Patients with asymptomatic hyperuricemia do not require treatment, but efforts should be made to lower their urate levels by encouraging them to make changes in diet or lifestyle. Acute gout most commonly affects the first metatarsal joint of the foot, but other joints are also commonly involved. Definitive diagnosis requires joint aspiration with demonstration of birefringent crystals in the synovial fluid under a polarized light microscope. Treatment includes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), colchicine, corticosteroids and analgesics. In patients without complications, NSAID therapy is preferred.  (+info)

Are sex and educational level independent predictors of dementia and Alzheimer's disease? Incidence data from the PAQUID project. (8/9064)

OBJECTIVES: To examine the age specific risk of Alzheimer's disease according to sex, and to explore the role of education in a cohort of elderly community residents aged 65 years and older. METHODS: A community based cohort of elderly people was studied longitudinally for 5 years for the development of dementia. Dementia diagnoses were made according to the DSM III R criteria and Alzheimer's disease was assessed using the NINCDS-ADRDA criteria. Among the 3675 non-demented subjects initially included in the cohort, 2881 participated in the follow up. Hazard ratios of dementia were estimated using a Cox model with delayed entry in which the time scale is the age of the subjects. RESULTS: During the 5 year follow up, 190 incident cases of dementia, including 140 cases of Alzheimer's disease were identified. The incidence rates of Alzheimer's disease were 0.8/100 person-years in men and 1.4/100 person-years in women. However, the incidence was higher in men than in women before the age of 80 and higher in women than in men after this age. A significant interaction between sex and age was found. The hazard ratio of Alzheimer's disease in women compared with men was estimated to be 0.8 at 75 years and 1.7 at 85 years. The risks of dementia and Alzheimer's disease were associated with a lower educational attainment (hazard ratio=1.8, p<0.001). The increased risk of Alzheimer's disease in women was not changed after adjustment for education. CONCLUSION: Women have a higher risk of developing dementia after the age of 80 than men. Low educational attainment is associated with a higher risk of Alzheimer's disease. However, the increased risk in women is not explained by a lower educational level.  (+info)

  • These effects would be significantly altered by sex steroid modulation, and negative effects exacerbated by exposure to a low protein diet during gestation. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • The data obtained suggested that the nitric oxide system did not significantly change with sex steroid exposure, or in response to maternal diet. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • This view is strengthened by the observation that variations in sex steroid levels in different phases of (reproductive) life parallel regional differences in fat storage and fat mobilization, until puberty boys and girls do not differ very much in the amount of body fat and its regional distribution. (hindawi.com)
  • The imbalance of the sex steroid and gonadotropic hormones in the blood of post-menopause women indicates on the genotoxic mechanism of cancer development on the background of age-related changes. (scirp.org)
  • It has been suggested that many known breast cancer risk factors may exert their effect via levels of endogenous sex hormones. (nih.gov)
  • The objective of this analysis is to evaluate the association between measures of body size, dietary macronutrient intake, and reproductive factors with levels of endogenous sex hormones among women living in Shanghai, China. (nih.gov)
  • These data suggest that breast cancer risk associated with measures of body size may be mediated, at least partially, by levels of endogenous sex hormones. (nih.gov)
  • Even among endocrinologists the expertise on sex hormones, not to speak of testosterone, is often limited. (hindawi.com)
  • non-sex gonadotropic hormones-luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)) of women with benign and malignant tumors of uterine body in the reproductive, menopause and postmenopause periods. (scirp.org)
  • Women commonly have a higher body fat percentage than men and the deposition of fat in particular areas is thought to be controlled by sex hormones and GH. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aims of this review are to systematically identify studies related to the incidence of schizophrenia, to describe the key features of these studies, and to explore the distribution of rates derived from these studies. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The width and skew of the rate distribution, and the significant impact of sex, urbanicity and migrant status on these distributions, indicate substantial variations in the incidence of schizophrenia. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The need for such an exercise with respect to the incidence of schizophrenia was recognized by Jablensky [ 5 ] in an influential review: "Ideally, a meta-analysis involving a standardized recalculation of the rates from many previous studies should generate a distribution allowing one to estimate with some probability the extent to which populations differ" (p 219). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The peak incidence for both sexes in the adolescent age group was similar (10-19 years), whereas in the adults the peak incidence occurred at different ages . (zanran.com)
  • This study assessed the effects of free condom distribution on incidence and burden of disease of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. (biomedcentral.com)
  • This retrospective study has presented the number of cases, frequencies, and crude incidence of all cancers by sex and site. (waocp.org)
  • This process is modulated by estrogen, the female sex hormone, causing the female form to store higher levels of fat than the male form, which is affected primarily by Testosterone. (wikipedia.org)
  • According to our research of Georgia and other state lists, there was 1 registered sex offender living in 31747 zip code as of November 25, 2020 . (city-data.com)
  • Moreover, these data suggest that foetal exposure to a low protein diet may permanently programme altered vascular function, and can significantly affect response to sex steroids. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • As regional localization of body fat is considered a secondary sex characteristic, it is likely that sex steroids are involved in the male and female patterns of fat deposition. (hindawi.com)
  • Species Distribution and Characterization Studies of Sex-Limited Ester" by Susan K. Ruud, I. C. McDonald et al. (unl.edu)
  • We used a comparative phylogenetic approach to examine whether transitions between sexual and asexual reproduction are associated with changes in the size and distribution of species' geographical ranges, and their investment in reproduction. (unl.edu)
  • From each species, we collected data on the geographical distribution and variation in plant traits related to reproduction. (unl.edu)
  • The last two findings can be explained by the social competition of this species, that involves individuals independently from their sex, age or ranking status. (nature.com)
  • However, the question remains whether sex-typical differences in brain size (i.e., larger male and smaller female brains) or biological sex itself account for the observed sex effects on tissue amount and distribution. (jneurosci.org)
  • Altogether, our findings suggest that the observed increased regional GM volumes in female brains constitute sex-dependent redistributions of tissue volume, rather than individual adjustments attributable to brain size. (jneurosci.org)
  • We demonstrate complex alterations in conduction distributions suggesting a conversion of normal to slow-conducting tissue, modulated by ageing and sex, coupled with fibrosis in Scn5a(+/-) hearts. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • This report summarises patterns of reconviction and re-imprisonment of exactly 1100 male sex offenders who were released from prison during the 36-month period from 1 January 2001 to 31 December 2003. (corrections.govt.nz)
  • Lynn Melnick is the author of LANDSCAPE WITH SEX AND VIOLENCE (2017), IF I SHOULD SAY I HAVE HOPE (2012), and the co-editor of Please Excuse This Poem: 100 Poets for the Next Generation (2015). (spdbooks.org)
  • 95%CI: 1.04, 7.83).IFNL3 CC genotype is associated with initial viral control, while female sex is associated with ultimate spontaneous clearance. (nih.gov)
  • Distribution of sex, HCV genotype, IFNL3 genotype and peak HCV RNA levels by patterns of HCV RNA levels in individuals with acute HCV infection in the InC3 study. (nih.gov)
  • E) IFNL3 genotype stratified by sex, male P = 0.03, female P = 0.02. (nih.gov)
  • Frequency analysis of right ventricular (RV) epicardial activation obtained from a 64-channel multi-electrode array demonstrated greater prominence of late conducting components in Scn5a(+/-) compared to WT male, and in male compared to female Scn5a(+/-) following stratification by genotype and sex. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • Similar differences were observed between old male Scn5a(+/-) and young male Scn5a(+/-), old female Scn5a(+/-), and old male WT, following stratification by genotype, age and sex. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • Future stock assessment models for E. carbunculus should consider sex-specific demographic parameters and spatial variation in demography. (frontiersin.org)
  • Macronutrient intake and reproductive factors were not correlated with endogenous sex hormone levels. (nih.gov)
  • This difference in insulin sensitivity is not explained by abdominal fat distribution, therefore other metabolic factors contribute to the sex differences in insulin sensitivity. (nih.gov)
  • I propose that due to Distribution 1 and other factors there will, at best, be one woman for every 100 men in this category. (heretical.com)
  • Adjustment for body mass index and for lifestyle risk factors had very little effect on the sex difference in mean intima media thickness. (bmj.com)
  • Objective: We aimed to characterize the somatostatin, estrogen, and progesterone receptor distribution for NFPAs and compare it with factors of tumor aggressiveness. (diva-portal.org)
  • Sugimoto CR, Ahn Y-Y, Smith E, Macaluso B, Laviere V. Factors affecting sex-related reporting in medical research: a cross-disciplinary bibliometric analysis . (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • Muncie teen arrested over sex-video threats, distribution An 18-year-old Muncie man was arrested this week after he allegedly distributed a video of his sexual activities with a former girlfriend. (thestarpress.com)
  • This statistic shows the distribution of cases of primary and secondary syphilis in the United States in 2018, by gender and sexual behavior. (statista.com)
  • However, this approach neglects specific migration processes that lead to a concentration of sexual minorities such as men who have sex with men in larger cities, especially if they self-identify as gay. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In response to decreasing use of condoms and increasing sexual risk behaviour, a collaboration of various PSVs in Amsterdam, sexual health promotion institute Schorer, and public health service GGD Amsterdam started to promote safe sex in PSVs. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Whether you need a refresher course on the ABC's or want to understand more about the deepest, truest part of our sexual selves, "Ten Steps to Sex" promises to reveal all. (hgagnondistribution.com)
  • The accumulated nycthemeral distribution of sexual encounters was analyzed in three ways. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Todd Bridges, the "Diff'rent Strokes" star who has said he suffered sexual abuse as a young actor, is interviewed, while Corey Feldman, who has spoken out against sex abuse in the past, appears in footage from prior TV interviews but doesn't directly participate in the movie. (variety.com)
  • Notwithstanding the points made above, many sex offenders are indeed reconvicted of new crimes, including crimes of both a sexual and non-sexual type. (corrections.govt.nz)
  • Sexual dimorphism in distribution of gynoid fat was thought to emerge around puberty but has now been found to exist earlier than this. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study tests the hypothesis that sex differences in regional fat distribution contribute to a disparity in insulin sensitivity in older men vs. older women. (nih.gov)
  • The aim of our work is the study of the parameters of conventional lung function in a large group of patients with OM and its relationship to sex and the degree and type of obesity. (omicsonline.org)
  • Apart from the finding that older studies reported higher rates, other study features were not associated with significantly different rate distributions (e.g. overall quality, methods related to case finding, diagnostic confirmation and criteria, the use of age-standardization and age range). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • 12 For a dichotomous outcome, such as CHD, large numbers of study participants are required to be able to precisely estimate a similar and continuous association across both sexes (criteria one). (bmj.com)
  • The Global Sex Toy Industry 2016 Market Research Report is a professional and in-depth study on the current state of the Sex Toy industry. (abnewswire.com)
  • This study assessed for contributions of such processes to the mechanism of conduction changes in Scn5a(+/-) and WT hearts stratified by age (3 and 12 months) and sex. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • This retrospective study presented the distribution of the cancer site over the ten years in Nepal. (waocp.org)
  • Therefore, it was significant to study the peculiarities of blood ABO system group distribution and establish their possible relation with uterine body tumors. (scirp.org)
  • Sex remains underreported in biomedical research, contributing to a dearth of medical research on women's health, per study data published in the Lancet . (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • Sex-based reporting was identified per the Medical Subject Headings of each study. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • For biomedical research, however, sex remained underreported: just 31% of biomedical papers in 2016 reported the sex of study samples. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • It should be noted that in this study, offenders were included if they were originally imprisoned for a sex offence that was either the most serious offence or the lead offence. (corrections.govt.nz)
  • This is the first study on the prevalence and distribution of HPV types in genital warts in Xi'an, China. (bmj.com)
  • The study looked at the age distribution of the profiles they came across, finding a median age of 25.2 for women, and 25.7 for men - this is different to other mobile dating apps in which the female user base tends to skew older. (dfrd.ca)
  • Gonadal estrogens have been implicated in sex differentiation and the control of reproduction in adult fish, but the role of neural estrogens during early development is far from clear. (csic.es)
  • At all topics meaning you look adult coming mature rooms will convert news chat and sex obedient how to value behalf. (iqwolf.org)
  • In addition, for papers published between 2008 and 2016, the investigators assessed the sex distribution of authors, using a sex assignment algorithm. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • Between January 1, 1980, and December 31, 2016, sex-related reporting increased from 59% to 67% in clinical medicine, and from 36% to 69% in public health research. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • Sex-based reporting increased more quickly in public health research than in clinical medicine: In 2016, 50% of public health papers indicated sex-related reporting compared with 43% of clinical medicine papers. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • In fact, for publications in 2016, sex-related reporting of both men and women was associated with a reduction of −0.51 (95% confidence interval, −0.54 to −0.47) in journal impact factor. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • Age and sex are associated with HDAC expression in vivo, which could drive age- and sex-related transcriptional changes and impact human behavior. (nature.com)
  • There was also a trend towards a significant difference in sex across the three groups, with 54% of individuals with spontaneous HCV clearance being female, as compared to 37% in those with partial viral control with persistence and 35% in those with viral plateau with persistence (P = 0.09). (nih.gov)
  • The protective effect of female sex in renal ageing and cardiovascular function is widely accepted, but poorly understood. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • The data did not support the hypothesis that nitric oxide mediates the beneficial effects of female sex, and targeted stimulation of the AT2R is not an effective means of altering this. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • As a female's capacity for reproduction comes to an end, the fat distribution within the female body begins a transition from the gynoid type to more of an android type distribution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity, in terms of the distribution of body fat , has been linked to alterations in the pulmonary function [ 4 , 5 ]. (omicsonline.org)
  • Both Brugada Syndrome (BrS) and progressive cardiac conduction defect (PCCD) are associated respectively with diffuse and discrete alterations in conduction pathways affected by ageing and sex. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • Age- and sex-related alterations in gene transcription have been demonstrated, however the underlying mechanisms are unresolved. (nature.com)
  • In humans, non-invasive measurement of in vivo HDAC expression is essential to investigate the contribution of neuroepigenetic mechanisms to age- and sex-related alterations in gene transcription. (nature.com)
  • Frequency distribution analysis of activation times and regional fibrosis in murine Scn5a+/- hearts: the effects of ageing and sex. (surrey.ac.uk)
  • She goes deep inside the lives of cutting-edge couples to paint a picture of how dating, sex, marriage, and home life are changing. (simonandschuster.com)
  • The phrase "during the marriage" has been subject to decades of case law, without even taking into consideration the unique legal circumstances many same-sex couples have now found themselves in. (centraljerseyfamilylaw.com)
  • Based on discrete core data for persons (55 studies and 170 rates), the distribution of rates was asymmetric and had a median value (10%-90% quantile) of 15.2 (7.7-43.0) per 100,000. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • By sex, most age groups, race/ethnicity, and U.S. Census region, the methadone overdose death rate peaked during 2005-2007 and declined in subsequent years. (cdc.gov)
  • Across sex, most age groups, racial/ethnic populations, and U.S. Census regions, the methadone overdose death rate peaked during 2005-2007 and declined in subsequent years. (cdc.gov)
  • Firstly, it needs to be demonstrated that the association of abdominal obesity with CHD risk is of similar strength (that is, the regression slope is similar) and is continuous across the two sexes. (bmj.com)
  • Firstly, victim surveys indicate that, of all crime types, sex offences are perhaps the least likely to result in the apprehension and conviction of an offender - it appears that the vast majority of offences are either not reported by victims, or not resolved by Police. (corrections.govt.nz)
  • There are also sex-specific in vivo HDAC expression differences in brain regions associated with emotion and memory, including the amygdala and hippocampus. (nature.com)
  • In view of these findings, it is important to evaluate the possible sex-related bias in the application of screening and preventive measures as well as the changes in the ecologic features of the large intestine. (nih.gov)
  • The age distribution indicated a significant decrease in proportion of men older than 80 years and of women in the age group of 40 to 49 years and an increase in women older than 80 years. (nih.gov)
  • The sex-related differences in M persisted after controlling for insulin concentrations during the glucose clamp, for waist, WHR, and VAT:SAT. Older men are more insulin resistant than women, despite lower body fat and subcutaneous abdominal fat. (nih.gov)
  • Among the most replicated and robust sex differences are larger overall brain dimensions in men, and relative increases of global and regional gray matter (GM) in women. (jneurosci.org)
  • Exploring cerebral structures in men and women with similar brain size may clarify the true contribution of biological sex. (jneurosci.org)
  • Importantly, these sex effects remained evident when comparing men and women with the same brain size. (jneurosci.org)
  • 1- 6 Abdominal obesity is positively associated with CHD risk in both women and men, 7- 9 and it has been suggested that sex differences in fat distribution could explain much of the sex difference in CHD risk. (bmj.com)
  • 11 The problem with such adjustment is that any risk factor that differs considerably between men and women may "statistically" explain the sex difference in CHD occurrence because of collinearity-in effect it becomes merely a marker for sex. (bmj.com)
  • In The Richer Sex , bestselling author and Washington Post writer Liza Mundy takes us to the exciting frontier of a new economic order, showing why more households will be supported by women than by men within a generation and how both men and women will feel surprisingly liberated in the end. (simonandschuster.com)
  • This large-scale bibliometric analysis underscores a lack of sex-related reporting in biomedical research, despite efforts to include more women in health-based studies. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • SNMD60 699439008017 SWISS NAVY MAX DESIRE 60CT Swiss Navy Desire For Women Swiss Navy Desire is formulated to support sex drive and intensify. (rasdist.com)
  • The indictment alleges that Christopher Collare, 52, of Blythewood, South Carolina, used his official position to obtain sex from two women in exchange for agreeing to take actions in prosecutions," the release said. (sputniknews.com)
  • As women with higher levels of gynoid fat distribution are seen as more attractive, this enables them to access highly desirable male mates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most cases were found in men who have sex with men only, with a share of 48 percent of all cases in the United States. (statista.com)
  • A static model was constructed to calculate the impact of free condom distribution on HIV, hepatitis C, chlamydia, gonorrhoea, and syphilis among men who have sex with men visiting these venues. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The spatial and temporal distribution of RNA and protein encoded by the homeotic Sex combs reduced ( Scr ) gene were examined during Drosophila development. (genetics.org)
  • While we revealed significant main effects of sex, there were no significant effects of brain size (and no significant interactions between sex and brain size). (jneurosci.org)
  • The bar chart above shows the percentage distribution of weight status among adults aged ≥20 years with diabetes, by sex, in the United States during 2009-2012. (cdc.gov)
  • Weird Sex and Snowshoes , the fresh, fast-paced, funny documentary based loosely on Vancouver Sun film critic Katherine Monk's acclaimed book, is cagey enough to say just that. (movingimages.ca)
  • In their previous documentary, "The 10 Degrees of Sex", the producers travelled from Montreal to Melbourne, and New York to Johannesburg to discover how geography influences our sex lives. (hgagnondistribution.com)
  • In their new documentary, "Ten Steps to Sex", they focus on the research made by the thinkers, scientists, artists and therapists who strive to uncover the complexity of how the human heart, body and spirit connect to our lovemaking. (hgagnondistribution.com)
  • an audience member cried out just before the first - and possibly final - screening of Amy Berg 's Hollywood sex abuse documentary "An Open Secret. (variety.com)
  • Here, we measure in vivo expression of the epigenetic enzymes, histone deacetylases (HDACs), across healthy human aging and between sexes using [ 11 C]Martinostat positron emission tomography (PET) neuroimaging ( n = 41). (nature.com)