Refuse liquid or waste matter carried off by sewers.
The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in water. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms.
The discarding or destroying of liquid waste products or their transformation into something useful or innocuous.
A branch of engineering concerned with the design, construction, and maintenance of environmental facilities conducive to public health, such as water supply and waste disposal.
Contamination of bodies of water (such as LAKES; RIVERS; SEAS; and GROUNDWATER.)
Any of several processes in which undesirable impurities in water are removed or neutralized; for example, chlorination, filtration, primary treatment, ion exchange, and distillation. It includes treatment of WASTE WATER to provide potable and hygienic water in a controlled or closed environment as well as provision of public drinking water supplies.
A genus of the family PICORNAVIRIDAE whose members preferentially inhabit the intestinal tract of a variety of hosts. The genus contains many species. Newly described members of human enteroviruses are assigned continuous numbers with the species designated "human enterovirus".
The discarding or destroying of garbage, sewage, or other waste matter or its transformation into something useful or innocuous.
Water containing no significant amounts of salts, such as water from RIVERS and LAKES.
A species of ENTEROVIRUS which is the causal agent of POLIOMYELITIS in humans. Three serotypes (strains) exist. Transmission is by the fecal-oral route, pharyngeal secretions, or mechanical vector (flies). Vaccines with both inactivated and live attenuated virus have proven effective in immunizing against the infection.
The monitoring of the level of toxins, chemical pollutants, microbial contaminants, or other harmful substances in the environment (soil, air, and water), workplace, or in the bodies of people and animals present in that environment.
Chemical compounds which pollute the water of rivers, streams, lakes, the sea, reservoirs, or other bodies of water.
Elimination of ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS; PESTICIDES and other waste using living organisms, usually involving intervention of environmental or sanitation engineers.
Large natural streams of FRESH WATER formed by converging tributaries and which empty into a body of water (lake or ocean).
Substances or mixtures that are added to the soil to supply nutrients or to make available nutrients already present in the soil, in order to increase plant growth and productivity.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Substances or organisms which pollute the water or bodies of water. Use for water pollutants in general or those for which there is no specific heading.
One of the three domains of life (the others being Eukarya and ARCHAEA), also called Eubacteria. They are unicellular prokaryotic microorganisms which generally possess rigid cell walls, multiply by cell division, and exhibit three principal forms: round or coccal, rodlike or bacillary, and spiral or spirochetal. Bacteria can be classified by their response to OXYGEN: aerobic, anaerobic, or facultatively anaerobic; by the mode by which they obtain their energy: chemotrophy (via chemical reaction) or PHOTOTROPHY (via light reaction); for chemotrophs by their source of chemical energy: CHEMOLITHOTROPHY (from inorganic compounds) or chemoorganotrophy (from organic compounds); and by their source for CARBON; NITROGEN; etc.; HETEROTROPHY (from organic sources) or AUTOTROPHY (from CARBON DIOXIDE). They can also be classified by whether or not they stain (based on the structure of their CELL WALLS) with CRYSTAL VIOLET dye: gram-negative or gram-positive.
A process of separating particulate matter from a fluid, such as air or a liquid, by passing the fluid carrier through a medium that will not pass the particulates. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Disposal, processing, controlling, recycling, and reusing the solid, liquid, and gaseous wastes of plants, animals, humans, and other organisms. It includes control within a closed ecological system to maintain a habitable environment.
Worthless, damaged, defective, superfluous or effluent material from industrial operations.
A family of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that do not form endospores. Its organisms are distributed worldwide with some being saprophytes and others being plant and animal parasites. Many species are of considerable economic importance due to their pathogenic effects on agriculture and livestock.
The application of electronic, computerized control systems to mechanical devices designed to perform human functions. Formerly restricted to industry, but nowadays applied to artificial organs controlled by bionic (bioelectronic) devices, like automated insulin pumps and other prostheses.
Beaches, both natural and man-made, used for bathing and other activities.
Professional or volunteer members of a fire department who are trained to suppress fire and respond to related emergency.
Arginine derivative which is a substrate for many proteolytic enzymes. As a substrate for the esterase from the first component of complement, it inhibits the action of C(l) on C(4).
Activities devoted to freeing persons or animals from danger to life or well-being in accidents, fires, bombings, floods, earthquakes, other disasters and life-threatening conditions. While usually performed by team efforts, rescue work is not restricted to organized services.
Contaminated water generated as a waste product of human activity.
Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.
A medical specialty concerned with the skin, its structure, functions, diseases, and treatment.
The fundamental dispositions and traits of humans. (Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
The common orally transmitted traditions, myths, festivals, songs, superstitions, and stories of all peoples.
Detection of drugs that have been abused, overused, or misused, including legal and illegal drugs. Urine screening is the usual method of detection.
An immunoenzyme test for the presence of drugs and other substances in urine and blood. The test uses enzyme linked antibodies that react only with the particular drug for which the sample is being tested.
A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
Mechanical food dispensing machines.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Activity engaged in for pleasure.
A clear, odorless, tasteless liquid that is essential for most animal and plant life and is an excellent solvent for many substances. The chemical formula is hydrogen oxide (H2O). (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A rating of a body of water based on measurable physical, chemical, and biological characteristics.
Using an INTERNET based personal journal which may consist of reflections, comments, and often hyperlinks.
A species of ALPHAVIRUS associated with epidemic EXANTHEMA and polyarthritis in Australia.
Platforms that provide the ability and tools to create and publish information accessed via the INTERNET. Generally these platforms have three characteristics with content user generated, high degree of interaction between creator and viewer, and easily integrated with other sites.

Immobilization patterns and dynamics of acetate-utilizing methanogens immobilized in sterile granular sludge in upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactors. (1/1860)

Sterile granular sludge was inoculated with either Methanosarcina mazeii S-6, Methanosaeta concilii GP-6, or both species in acetate-fed upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactors to investigate the immobilization patterns and dynamics of aceticlastic methanogens in granular sludge. After several months of reactor operation, the methanogens were immobilized, either separately or together. The fastest immobilization was observed in the reactor containing M. mazeii S-6. The highest effluent concentration of acetate was observed in the reactor with only M. mazeii S-6 immobilized, while the lowest effluent concentration of acetate was observed in the reactor where both types of methanogens were immobilized together. No changes were observed in the kinetic parameters (Ks and mumax) of immobilized M. concilii GP-6 or M. mazeii S-6 compared with suspended cultures, indicating that immobilization does not affect the growth kinetics of these methanogens. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using polyclonal antibodies against either M. concilii GP-6 or M. mazeii S-6 showed significant variations in the two methanogenic populations in the different reactors. Polyclonal antibodies were further used to study the spatial distribution of the two methanogens. M. concilii GP-6 was immobilized only on existing support material without any specific pattern. M. mazeii S-6, however, showed a different immobilization pattern: large clumps were formed when the concentration of acetate was high, but where the acetate concentration was low this strain was immobilized on support material as single cells or small clumps. The data clearly show that the two aceticlastic methanogens immobilize differently in UASB systems, depending on the conditions found throughout the UASB reactor.  (+info)

Anaerobic degradation of phthalate isomers by methanogenic consortia. (2/1860)

Three methanogenic enrichment cultures, grown on ortho-phthalate, iso-phthalate, or terephthalate were obtained from digested sewage sludge or methanogenic granular sludge. Cultures grown on one of the phthalate isomers were not capable of degrading the other phthalate isomers. All three cultures had the ability to degrade benzoate. Maximum specific growth rates (microseconds max) and biomass yields (YXtotS) of the mixed cultures were determined by using both the phthalate isomers and benzoate as substrates. Comparable values for these parameters were found for all three cultures. Values for microseconds max and YXtotS were higher for growth on benzoate compared to the phthalate isomers. Based on measured and estimated values for the microbial yield of the methanogens in the mixed culture, specific yields for the phthalate and benzoate fermenting organisms were calculated. A kinetic model, involving three microbial species, was developed to predict intermediate acetate and hydrogen accumulation and the final production of methane. Values for the ratio of the concentrations of methanogenic organisms, versus the phthalate isomer and benzoate fermenting organisms, and apparent half-saturation constants (KS) for the methanogens were calculated. By using this combination of measured and estimated parameter values, a reasonable description of intermediate accumulation and methane formation was obtained, with the initial concentration of phthalate fermenting organisms being the only variable. The energetic efficiency for growth of the fermenting organisms on the phthalate isomers was calculated to be significantly smaller than for growth on benzoate.  (+info)

Identification of a novel group of bacteria in sludge from a deteriorated biological phosphorus removal reactor. (3/1860)

The microbial diversity of a deteriorated biological phosphorus removal reactor was investigated by methods not requiring direct cultivation. The reactor was fed with media containing acetate and high levels of phosphate (P/C weight ratio, 8:100) but failed to completely remove phosphate in the effluent and showed very limited biological phosphorus removal activity. Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) of PCR-amplified 16S ribosomal DNA was used to investigate the bacterial diversity. Up to 11 DGGE bands representing at least 11 different sequence types were observed; DNA from the 6 most dominant of these bands was further isolated and sequenced. Comparative phylogenetic analysis of the partial 16S rRNA sequences suggested that one sequence type was affiliated with the alpha subclass of the Proteobacteria, one was associated with the Legionella group of the gamma subclass of the Proteobacteria, and the remaining four formed a novel group of the gamma subclass of the Proteobacteria with no close relationship to any previously described species. The novel group represented approximately 75% of the PCR-amplified DNA, based on the DGGE band intensities. Two oligonucleotide rRNA probes for this novel group were designed and used in a whole-cell hybridization analysis to investigate the abundance of this novel group in situ. The bacteria were coccoid and 3 to 4 microm in diameter and represented approximately 35% of the total population, suggesting a relatively close agreement with the results obtained by the PCR-based DGGE method. Further, based on electron microscopy and standard staining microscopic analysis, this novel group was able to accumulate granule inclusions, possibly consisting of polyhydroxyalkanoate, inside the cells.  (+info)

Fluorescence in situ hybridization using 16S rRNA-targeted oligonucleotides reveals localization of methanogens and selected uncultured bacteria in mesophilic and thermophilic sludge granules. (4/1860)

16S rRNA-targeted in situ hybridization combined with confocal laser scanning microscopy was used to elucidate the spatial distribution of microbes within two types of methanogenic granular sludge, mesophilic (35 degrees C) and thermophilic (55 degrees C), in upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactors fed with sucrose-, acetate-, and propionate-based artificial wastewater. The spatial organization of the microbes was visualized in thin sections of the granules by using fluorescent oligonucleotide probes specific to several phylogenetic groups of microbes. In situ hybridization with archaeal- and bacterial-domain probes within granule sections clearly showed that both mesophilic and thermophilic granules had layered structures and that the outer layer harbored mainly bacterial cells while the inner layer consisted mainly of archaeal cells. Methanosaeta-, Methanobacterium-, Methanospirillum-, and Methanosarcina-like cells were detected with oligonucleotide probes specific for the different groups of methanogens, and they were found to be localized inside the granules, in both types of which dominant methanogens were members of the genus Methanosaeta. For specific detection of bacteria which were previously detected by whole-microbial-community 16S ribosomal DNA (rDNA)-cloning analysis (Y. Sekiguchi, Y. Kamagata, K. Syutsubo, A. Ohashi, H. Harada, and K. Nakamura, Microbiology 144:2655-2665, 1998) we designed probes specific for clonal 16S rDNAs related to unidentified green nonsulfur bacteria and clones related to Syntrophobacter species. The probe designed for the cluster closely related to Syntrophobacter species hybridized with coccoid cells in the inner layer of the mesophilic granule sections. The probe for the unidentified bacteria which were clustered with the green nonsulfur bacteria detected filamentous cells in the outermost layer of the thermophilic sludge granule sections. These results revealed the spatial organizations of methanogens and uncultivated bacteria and their in situ morphologies and metabolic functions in both mesophilic and thermophilic granular sludges.  (+info)

Combination of fluorescent in situ hybridization and microautoradiography-a new tool for structure-function analyses in microbial ecology. (5/1860)

A new microscopic method for simultaneously determining in situ the identities, activities, and specific substrate uptake profiles of individual bacterial cells within complex microbial communities was developed by combining fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) performed with rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes and microautoradiography. This method was evaluated by using defined artificial mixtures of Escherichia coli and Herpetosiphon aurantiacus under aerobic incubation conditions with added [3H]glucose. Subsequently, we were able to demonstrate the potential of this method by visualizing the uptake of organic and inorganic radiolabeled substrates ([14C]acetate, [14C]butyrate, [14C]bicarbonate, and 33Pi) in probe-defined populations from complex activated sludge microbial communities by using aerobic incubation conditions and anaerobic incubation conditions (with and without nitrate). For both defined cell mixtures and activated sludge, the method proved to be useful for simultaneous identification and analysis of the uptake of labeled substrates under the different experimental conditions used. Optimal results were obtained when fluorescently labeled oligonucleotides were applied prior to the microautoradiographic developing procedure. For single-cell resolution of FISH and microautoradiographic signals within activated sludge flocs, cryosectioned sample material was examined with a confocal laser scanning microscope. The combination of in situ rRNA hybridization techniques, cryosectioning, microautoradiography, and confocal laser scanning microscopy provides a unique opportunity for obtaining cultivation-independent insights into the structure and function of bacterial communities.  (+info)

Water pollution and human health in China. (6/1860)

China's extraordinary economic growth, industrialization, and urbanization, coupled with inadequate investment in basic water supply and treatment infrastructure, have resulted in widespread water pollution. In China today approximately 700 million people--over half the population--consume drinking water contaminated with levels of animal and human excreta that exceed maximum permissible levels by as much as 86% in rural areas and 28% in urban areas. By the year 2000, the volume of wastewater produced could double from 1990 levels to almost 78 billion tons. These are alarming trends with potentially serious consequences for human health. This paper reviews and analyzes recent Chinese reports on public health and water resources to shed light on what recent trends imply for China's environmental risk transition. This paper has two major conclusions. First, the critical deficits in basic water supply and sewage treatment infrastructure have increased the risk of exposure to infectious and parasitic disease and to a growing volume of industrial chemicals, heavy metals, and algal toxins. Second, the lack of coordination between environmental and public health objectives, a complex and fragmented system to manage water resources, and the general treatment of water as a common property resource mean that the water quality and quantity problems observed as well as the health threats identified are likely to become more acute.  (+info)

Detection of small numbers of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli cells in environmental water, sewage, and food samples by a seminested PCR assay. (7/1860)

A rapid and sensitive assay was developed for detection of small numbers of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli cells in environmental water, sewage, and food samples. Water and sewage samples were filtered, and the filters were enriched overnight in a nonselective medium. The enrichment cultures were prepared for PCR by a rapid and simple procedure consisting of centrifugation, proteinase K treatment, and boiling. A seminested PCR based on specific amplification of the intergenic sequence between the two Campylobacter flagellin genes, flaA and flaB, was performed, and the PCR products were visualized by agarose gel electrophoresis. The assay allowed us to detect 3 to 15 CFU of C. jejuni per 100 ml in water samples containing a background flora consisting of up to 8, 700 heterotrophic organisms per ml and 10,000 CFU of coliform bacteria per 100 ml. Dilution of the enriched cultures 1:10 with sterile broth prior to the PCR was sometimes necessary to obtain positive results. The assay was also conducted with food samples analyzed with or without overnight enrichment. As few as +info)

PCR detection of genes encoding nitrite reductase in denitrifying bacteria. (8/1860)

Using consensus regions in gene sequences encoding the two forms of nitrite reductase (Nir), a key enzyme in the denitrification pathway, we designed two sets of PCR primers to amplify cd1- and Cu-nir. The primers were evaluated by screening defined denitrifying strains, denitrifying isolates from wastewater treatment plants, and extracts from activated sludge. Sequence relationships of nir genes were also established. The cd1 primers were designed to amplify a 778 to 799-bp region of cd1-nir in the six published sequences. Likewise, the Cu primers amplified a 473-bp region in seven of the eight published Cu-nir sequences. Together, the two sets of PCR primers amplified nir genes in nine species within four genera, as well as in four of the seven sludge isolates. The primers did not amplify genes of nondenitrifying strains. The Cu primers amplified the expected fragment in all 13 sludge samples, but cd1-nir fragments were only obtained in five samples. PCR products of the expected sizes were verified as nir genes after hybridization to DNA probes, except in one case. The sequenced nir fragments were related to other nir sequences, demonstrating that the primers amplified the correct gene. The selected primer sites for Cu-nir were conserved, while broad-range primers targeting conserved regions of cd1-nir seem to be difficult to find. We also report on the existence of Cu-nir in Paracoccus denitrificans Pd1222.  (+info)

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29. An improved method of non-biological treatment of untreated sewage water, the improved method comprising providing a sewage treatment system having sewage water intake means for receiving said untreated sewage water and directing it into said treatment system in a sewage water stream; a clarifier coupled to said sewage water intake means said clarifier having a tank having a vertical axis extending between a top and a bottom; tank walls surrounding said vertical axis and defining a clarifier interior, said tank walls further defining a holding chamber disposed adjacent said top, said holding chamber having substantially vertical, cylindrical sides extending a spaced distance below said top; and a circulating chamber disposed below said holding chamber and extending to said bottom, said circulating chamber having substantially conical walls converging at a select angle relative to said vertical axis from adjacent said holding chamber to adjacent said bottom; a sewage water stream injection ...
Sewage sludge treatment describes the processes used to manage and dispose of sewage sludge produced during sewage treatment. Sludge is mostly water with lesser amounts of solid material removed from liquid sewage. Primary sludge includes settleable solids removed during primary treatment in primary clarifiers. Secondary sludge separated in secondary clarifiers includes treated sewage sludge from secondary treatment bioreactors. Sludge treatment is focused on reducing sludge weight and volume to reduce disposal costs, and on reducing potential health risks of disposal options. Water removal is the primary means of weight and volume reduction, while pathogen destruction is frequently accomplished through heating during thermophilic digestion, composting, or incineration. The choice of a sludge treatment method depends on the volume of sludge generated, and comparison of treatment costs required for available disposal options. Air-drying and composting may be attractive to rural communities, while ...
REACTO - Packaged Sewage Treatment Plant(id:10359784). View product details of REACTO - Packaged Sewage Treatment Plant from Awatech Solutions Indian Pvt. Ltd. manufacturer in EC21
Definitions of Terms Used in Sewage and Sewage Disposal Practice. After several conferences were held to try to unify sewerage and sewage disposal practice terminology in 1926, there remained considerable differences of opinion. In the fall of 1926, definitions in alternate of approximately 70 terms were sent to about 100 sanitary engineers, 35 of whom replied, giving definite expressions of opinion. Definitions of Terms used in Sewerage and Sewage Disposal Practice harmonizes these differences in technical opinions, compiling a wide range of vocabulary into a useful, concise list. This document would be useful to engineers in the field of sewerage and sewage disposal.
The urban sewage resistome represents the emission of antibiotic resistance from the gastrointestinal tracts of citizens into wastewater treatment plants. A large-scale sampling of municipal sewage from 17 major cities across China was performed in this study. The seasonal variation and geographical distribution of the urban sewage antibiotic resistome were characterized. Municipal sewage harbored diverse and abundant resistance genes, conferring resistance to almost all antibiotics, highlighting that municipal sewage could be a major conduit for transferring antibiotic resistance genes into the environment. Significant seasonal differences were observed in the urban sewage antibiotic resistome (P , 0.01). Seasonal temperature changes might have a significant influence on the variation of antibiotic resistance and on the composition of microbial community. The seasonality of microbial communities in lakes [42], soil [43], and sludge [44] has been well documented. Temperature and ...
Title:Catalytic Wet Oxidation of Sewage Sludge by Soluble Metallic Salts. VOLUME: 7 ISSUE: 2. Author(s):Sun Yuhong, Si Chongdian and Han Hong. Affiliation:Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering of Jining University, Shandong 273155, China.. Keywords:Sewage sludge, soluble catalysts, wastewater treatment, wet oxidation.. Abstract:Sewage sludge is the material which is generated upon conventional wastewater treatment processes and it is must be treated to reduce the hazards and environmental impact. Wet oxidation (WO) is applied to treat industrial and municipal sewage sludge (3000- 6000mg/L total organic carbon). Experiments were carried out to investigate the effects of temperature, H2O2 excess (HE), the initial TOC, residence time and concentration of catalyst on oxidation of the municipal sewage sludge. The results showed that greater than 90% TOC removal from sewage sludge was achieved using catalytic wet oxidation (CWO). Homogenous catalyst, FeSO4 and CuSO4 showed effective removal ...
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POINAPEN, J e EKAMA, GA. Biological sulphate reduction with primary sewage sludge in an upflow anaerobic sludge bed reactor - Part 5: Steady-state model. Water SA [online]. 2010, vol.36, n.3, pp.193-202. ISSN 1816-7950.. This paper describes the development of a steady-state anaerobic digestion model for biological sulphate reduction using primary sewage sludge (PSS) as substrate. The model comprises: a chemical oxygen demand (COD) based hydrolysis kinetics part in which the PSS biodegradable COD and sulphate removals are calculated for given hydraulic and sludge retention times; a C, H, O, N, P, S, COD and charge mass balance stoichiometry part in which the alkalinity generated (from both the HCO3- and HS-) is determined from the COD and sulphate removals; and an inorganic carbon (CO2) and sulphide mixed weak acid/base chemistry part in which the digester pH is calculated from the HCO3- and HS- species formed. From the stoichiometry, it was found that the PSS is carbon limited in that it does ...
Large and ever-increasing numbers of chemicals, including large quantities of a broad spectrum of organic compounds are used in modern society. More than 30 000 of the more than 100 000 chemical substances registered in the EU are estimated to be daily used, of which many will be discharged into the waste-streams handled by municipal sewage treatment plants (STPs). The main objective of the work underlying this thesis was to improve understanding of the relationships between the characteristics of sewage contaminants and their sewage treatment efficiency. Further objectives were to examine the relationships between socio-economic uses of chemicals and sludge quality, and the effects of regulatory actions on sludge quality.. The quality of the sewage sludge and the levels and distribution patterns of the sludge contaminants, both within and between the STPs, seem to remain quite constant over time. The overall findings indicate that the levels of contaminants in sewage sludge seem to be largely ...
The land application of sewage sludge has been promoted by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) since 1993 as the preferred method for the disposal of this by-product of municipal wastewater treatment. Millions of tons of hazardous sewage sludge have subsequently been spread on farmland and public parks in the United States. Sometimes it is bagged and sold as organic fertilizer and compost in garden supply stores. No matter how it is processed or how slick it is marketed as a fertilizer or soil amendment, putting sewage sludge on land is a health and environmental disaster. Has sewage sludge caused any farm damage? Once the sludge leaves the wastewater treatment plant, it is not tracked; theres no national system for reporting sludge-related health or environmental problems; and farmers are not known for having deep pockets, which is what it would take to bring the issue of damages to U.S. courts.. Nevertheless, in February 2008, the McElmurrays, dairy farmers from Georgia, received an ...
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Sewage sludge is a concern as it poses a potential threat to the environment. It contains a number of highly harmful heavy metals, such as cadmium and mercury, as well as pharmaceuticals that may be quite resistant to treatment procedures. Pathogens in sewage sludge are also a threat to human health and the environment. At the same time, sewage sludge from wastewater treatment plants contains nutrients, micronutrients and particles that increase humus in the soil. It has remarkable potential for energy production, particularly by producing biogas or direct incineration.. Proper and environmentally sustainable management before final disposal is required. To address this critical issue, HELCOM is currently developing a new Recommendation on sewage sludge handling. It will guide the coastal states towards more environmentally safe practices, and also draw attention to the economic potential of sewage sludge.. Recycling the nutrients in sewage sludge is crucial for the Baltic Sea region, as its ...
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Submersible Sewage Pump factory, Buy good quality 3kw 4kw 5.5kw 7.5kw 30m3/h 35m3/h 20m 15m 30m cast iron sewage submersible water pump Our factory main production 10 series sewage pumps. General sewage pump, non-clogging sewage pump, cutting sewage pump Submersible Sewage Pumps Northern Tool Shop 79 Sewage Pumps at Northern Tool + Equipment. Browse a variety of top brands in Sewage Pumps such as Powerhorse, JMS Sewage, and Pedrollo from the product experts. JMS-USA Submersible Sewage Water Pump - 2400 GPH, Silicon Carbide/Viton Seal, Model# JIZAR-VOX 60/SS316 AUT MO (Not Yet Rated) Only $ 529. 99 Sewage Pumps - Applied Water Systems - United States We are committed to ensuring that the individuals whose details we hold understand our privacy practices. In particular, we want to make sure that we are respectful of your data protection preferences, and that you understand your data privacy rights. Submersible Sewage Pump Plant;Wastewater &- ASTON PUMP ASTON PUMP is a China-based wast ...
Report No DWI0202 ANALYSIS OF HEAVY METALS IN SEWAGE SLUDGE, SEWAGES AND FINAL EFFLUENT. DWI0202. Nov 1978. ABSTRACT. Exposure to excessive concentrations of cadmium and mercury has produced adverse effects on health in certain communities. Fears exist that some of the other so called heavy metals may have similar toxic effects. In addition,some of these elements may have detrimental effects upon crop growth and yield. They may also have adverse effects in the environment on other living organisms if their disposal and dispersal is not regulated in such a manner as to prevent the accumulation of toxic concentrations.. Raw sewage contains significant concentrations of heavy metals Which are not degraded by the processes of sewage treatment, they may leave the sewage treatment works in either the final effluent or the sludges produced. Monitoring the concentrations of these metals in the various types of samples produced during sewage treatment is a time consuming task. It is necessary if ...
Purple martins, miniature wasps and natural bacteria kill the pests at S.A. sewage plant At the San Antonio Water Systems Dos Rios sewage plant, the air is full of quick-darting birds with rich, kingly purple plumage. Dozens of them soared above 25 acres of concrete-lined rectangles filled with sewage sludge, occasionally diving closer to the black gunk below as it dried in the sun. Eaton, a SAWS manager, has spent about 20 years perfecting the natural pest-control methods SAWS uses at its largest wastewater treatment plant, where it handles up to 400 tons per day of sludge leftover from the treatment process. SAWS won awards from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in 2004 and the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality in 2011 for its work at Dos Rios, where the utility recycles water for irrigation and harvests natural gas from its sludge. Many utilities mechanically press the water from their sludge and send it to landfills, composting facilities or farms to be used as fertilizer. Like
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The municipal sewage treatment in Tianjin, China is currently one of biggest sewage treatment plants in China. Not only is the layout well designed, but many of the systems and processing techniques are most the advanced in the country, with various techno-economic indicators reaching the highest level in China. This plant has applied state-of-t
Over the last few months the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) have been consulting on making changes to the regulations on domestic sewage systems in England. DEFRA has set out a clear objective of extending its risk-based approach to permitting. It represents a new focus on environmental permitting that will only be required in or near designated sensitive areas such as national and local nature reserves or sites of protected species and habitats.. What Does This Mean?. It means that the regulations surrounding discharges from domestic sewage systems will no longer be in place. However, although discharges such as these will not require permits, they would still be subject to general binding rules specifying that the system must be properly installed and maintained. [MORE ON OUR MAINTENANCE & REPAIR SERVICE]. The term domestic sewage systems is used loosely and also refers to schools, restaurants, takeaways, nursing homes and holiday parks that are off-mains ...
Article Performance and Economics of Large Scale UASB Sewage Treatment Plants. This article evaluates the performance of 10 large scale upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) sewage treatment plants (STP), located in Brazil (7), India (2) and the Mid...
The study of microbial treatment of domestic wastewater treatment plant (DWTP) sludge by liquid state bioconversion (LSB) process was conducted by several approaches. A total of 70 strains of filamentous fungi were isolated from three different sources (wastewater, DWTP sludge and landfill leachate), which belonged to the genera of Penicillium (39 strains), Aspergillus (14 strains), Trichoderma (12 strains), Spicaria (3 strains) and Hyalojlorae (2 strains). In the screening test, the fungal strains WWZPI003 (Penicillium corylophilum), SCahmAI03 (Aspergillus niger), SCahmTI05 (Trichoderma hamianum) and PC-9 (Phanerochaete chrysosporium), among their respective groups of Penicillium, Aspergillus, Trichoderma and Basidiomycete, played potential roles in tenns of separation, biodegradation and filtration of treated DWTP sludge. The results of the compatible mixed culture optimization study showed a compatible growth of the mixed culture for PIA, PIPC and AfPC and the combinations PIT, AfT and T/PC ...
Article Assessment of burden of virus agents in an urban sewage treatment plant in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Sewage discharge is considered to be the main source of virus contamination in aquatic environments. There is no correlation between the presen...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Bonding Form Analysis of Metals and Sulfur Fractionation in Methanol-Grown Anaerobic Granular Sludge. AU - van der Veen, A.. AU - Gonzalez Fermoso, F.. AU - Lens, P.N.L.. PY - 2007. Y1 - 2007. N2 - This study investigates the metal and sulfur bonding form distribution in mesophilic (30 °C, pH 7) methanol-grown anaerobic granular sludge from upflow anaerobic sludge bed reactors operating at an organic loading rate of 3.8 g CH3OH-COD/L d. This was achieved by applying a modified Tessier sequential extraction scheme to investigate the metal bonding forms and a sequential extraction scheme for sulfur and simultaneously extracted metals to granular sludge samples of the reactors after 0, 22, 35 and 43 days of operation. Metals were also determined in the sulfur extracts. Co and Ni predominated in their oxidizable bonding forms, which increased together with the pseudo-total content during reactor operation. An omission of Co and Ni from the influent led to only a minor decline of the ...
The thesis is divided to wastewater basics, sludge treatment methods, sludge treatment apparatuses, China government vision about sludge treatment and future views. The thesis aims to give information about sludge business, governmental status and supporters. The thesis includes alternative sludge disposal methods and compares them in order to find the best possible situation for sludge incineration in China. There is an estimation the sludge business begins rapidly growing in few years, but sludge incineration is still big question. The best sludge processing methods and answers for future sludge treatments depend on governments regulations ...
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Biogas is produced when organic material is broken down in oxygen-free (anaerobic) conditions. This process is called anaerobic digestion and is used in most large and medium-sized municipal wastewater treatment plants in Sweden. In the wastewater treatment sewage sludge is obtained, from the mecanical-, biological and chemical treatment step, which contains decomposable organic material. The sludge is pumped into a digester, which is an airtight container. In the digester raw biogas, consisting of methane and carbon dioxide, is produced. The material that comes out of the digester is a nutrient rich residue (digestate) which can be used as a fertilizer or soil conditioner. The purpose of this study was to explore ways to increase the biogas production that takes place at the municipal wastewater treatment plants by either co-digestion of sewage sludge with microalgae from a possible future biological purification steps or to use two digestion stages in series with different operating ...
The land application of sewage sludge has been promoted by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) since 1993 as the preferred method for the disposal of this by-product of municipal wastewater treatment. Millions of tons of hazardous sewage sludge have subsequently been spread on farmland and public parks in the United States. No matter how it is processed or how slick it is marketed as a fertilizer or soil amendment, putting sewage sludge on land is a health and environmental disaster.
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EXTRACTION OF METALS AND PHOSPHORUS FROM INCINERATED MUNICIPAL SEWAGE SLUDGE Robert C. Gabler, Jr., Research Chemist David L. Neylan, Chemist College Park Metallurgy Research Center Bureau of Mines U.S. Department of the Interior College Park, Maryland 20740 INTRODUCTION In the U.S. approximately 9.3 million dry tons [ 1 ] of municipal sewage sludge is generated annually, of which 35% is incinerated. As an extension of the Bureau of Mines program to convert waste materials from a disposal problem into a secondary resource, studies were undertaken to determine if the metals and phosphorus can be removed prior to disposal of the ash. By this approach, the ash is converted into an environmentally acceptable material while valuable resources are conserved. Although this secondary source of metals and phosphorus will probably not be economically competitive with conventional ores, part of the extraction-recovery cost could be borne as a disposal expense. This resource recovery study, being conducted ...
Municipal sewage sludge is gaining traction in the US and around the world as a lipid feedstock for biodiesel production. First, municipal sewage sludge contains significant concentrations of lipids derived from the direct adsorption of lipids onto the sludge. These energy-containing lipids include triglycerides, diglycerides, monoglycerides, phospholipids, and free fatty acids contained in the oils and fats. In addition, microorganisms used in the wastewater treatment process utilize organic and inorganic compounds in the wastewater as a source of energy, carbon, and nutrients. The cell membrane of these microorganisms is a major component of sewage sludge and is composed primarily of phospholipids. It is estimated at 24% to 25% of dry mass of the cell and yields about 7% oil from the dried secondary sludge. Other studies have demonstrated that up to 36.8 wt % of the dry sludge is comprised of fatty acids and steroids. With the fatty acids from sludge predominantly in the range of C10 to C18, ...
Different areas and different clients has different oily sludge and final requirements for the oily sludge separation & treatment, following questions are needed to be clear for us to provide the best proposal for your oily sludge treatment solutions.. -What is the origin and geographic location of the waste sludge (drilling, refinery, other)?. -What is the makeup of the oil sludge (percentage of oil, water and solids)?. -What volume of oil sludge is to be treated?. -How long you need to complete the treatment of the oil sludge?. -What is the challenge or problem of the current situation?. -What is the target to achieve for the final oil, water and solids?. -What process / equipment is being used on location at present for the oil sludge treatment? How is the performance now?. -Whats your budget for the oil sludge treatment plant?. Knowning above queations,we can supply you suitable Oil Sludge Treatment Plant ! (Editor:Kosun Lily.Wang). Kosun- China Solids Control Leader&Drilling Waste ...
Indias population has expanded from 342 million in 1947 to 1.12 Billion at present. The urban population is expected to grow to 470 million by 2015. With the growing population, urbanization and demand for consumer goods, both quantity and quality of urban solid waste has changed significantly causing serious environmental problems Urban solid waste is a major contributor to global warming; it leads to surface and ground water pollution through run-off from dump sites and unhygienic sanitary surroundings The environmental management, pollution abatement and control activities require essential build up of systematic knowledge in multidisciplinary areas through research and development.. Sewage sludge, also known as biosolids, is a by product of sewage treatment processes. Land application of sewage sludge is one of the important disposal alternatives. Characteristics of sewage sludge depend upon the quality of sewage and type of treatment processes followed. Being rich in organic and inorganic ...
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From the Marcellus Drilling News: The Buckeye Water District, a municipal sewer and water authority in Wellsville (Columbiana County), OH, voted yesterday to sell treated sewage water for use in fracking Utica Shale wells. MDN would call that a win/win and smart. Just how much are companies willing to pay for treated sewage water to use in fracking? The deal is a bit complicated (see below), but the upshot is Keystone Clearwater Solutions, the company doing the buying, will pay $6.60 per thousand gallons for treated sewage water. The Buckeye Water District board on Thursday approved a one-year agreement to supply bulk water for use in the shale gas industry. BWD will sell treated water to Keystone Clearwater Solutions, a Hershey, Pa., based firm that
On the early morning of August 20, 2016 the Israeli settlers from Bitar Eliet settlement opened the sewage water on the fields of the Palestinian farmers in Hussan village which is located west of Bethlehem. More than 40 dunums (1 dunum = 1000 m2) of cultivated lands was affected by the sewage water damage. These fields were owned by 12 families from Hussan.. Wadi Qudis is a valley about 500 dunums located in the middle of Bitar Elit Settlement because the settlement was built on the lands of Hussan village in the late 80s. Until this moment the farmers of the village are able to reach their lands and cultivate them despite all the daily harassments they face which include physical attacks from the settlers, burning of their crops, preventing them access to their land and now flooding the fields with sewage water.. Access to their fields has always been limited. The farmers can reach their fields only using donkeys and horses because they must cross the main gate of the settlement every day. ...
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0016]In operation, before coming into the primary sedimentation tank by neutralization, the sewage is filtered by bar screen and strainer, to intercept the suspension of pollutant, and to protect the devices such as water pump unit used in the following process. The sewage coming into the primary sedimentation tank by neutralization is sampled, detected, added a suitable preparation to neutralize to make PH value be between 6-9. The sewage coming into the aeration tank is sampled, detected, added a suitable sewage treatment agent of LTC-A developed by Shanghai LianTan Chemical Ltd according to the detected result, which is pumped into the aerobic biological process tank together with the sewage in the aeration tank. The blaster unit supplies oxygen to the sewage in the primary sedimentation tank by neutralization, the aeration tank, and aerobic biological process tank respectively, so that fully with the various aerobic microorganism in the sewage the colloid-shaped and dissoluted organic matter ...
VI. Information Systems. Information systems and other knowledge management tools can help improve the efficiency and reliability of urban sewage infrastructure. Some examples are described below.. A. Rainfall Information Systems. Some cities have established rainfall information systems to protect residents from floods. These systems are based upon the electric waves emitted from radar and reflected by raindrops and identify areas of rainfall and intensity. This information is then sent to pumping stations, sewage system maintenance offices and treatment plants to allow adequate time for staff to prepare and to ensure immediate pump operation. Data can also be collected and processed at a central information processing facility.. B. Sewage Mapping and Data Management Systems. It is also important to obtain accurate information on sewage facilities in order to maintain and manage them effectively. In Tokyo, a sewage mapping and information system, SEMIS, was installed in April 1986. SEMIS has ...
Combustion of sewage sludge with subsequent recovery of phosphorus is a relatively new sludge treatment option. In the work described in this paper, recovery of phosphorus by acid leaching of fly ashes from co-combustion of sewage sludge with wood in a circulating fluidized bed combustor was investigated. The results showed that it is possible to find a pH range (0.5-1) in which one can extract a significant fraction of the phosphorus from these ashes without precipitation of secondary phosphates. The type of flocculation agent used in the waste water treatment plant where the sludge is formed has a significant effect on the phosphorus recovery. Ashes from combustion of sewage sludge that was formed using aluminium sulphate as flocculating agent released nearly all phosphorus at a pH value of 1. When iron sulphate was used as flocculating agent, this affected the chemistry of the resulting ashes, making phosphorus recovery more difficult. The yield of phosphorus from those ashes was 50-80%. In Part II
Cellvation reduces the operational costs of sewage treatment plants by removing up to 40% of the total suspended solids in sewage water. This results in 20% less sludge and 15% less energy for the aeration tanks. The final outcome is 10% increased capacity for the STP and a lower carbon footprint.
TAKE ACTION with Surfers Against Sewage and lobby the Secretary of State for the Environment, and devolved nations equivalent Ministers calling for an end to sewer overflow abuse and ensure water quality is tested at the appropriate time and in the appropriate place.. The Safer Seas Service continues to exposes the failing in both the sewerage system, and the loopholes within the legal framework used to hide the true impacts of pollution. During the 2015 bathing season (May- Sept), 95% of UK beaches met the minimum EU water quality standard, yet the Safer Seas Service warned users of 3,045 pollution incidents from sewer overflow discharges and runoff from farmland and urban environments. There were 926 discharges of untreated human sewage at English beaches covered by the Safer Seas Service. Alarmingly only a mere 105 of these sewage spills had the potential to be monitored by the weekly Environment Agency water quality testing regime. Leaving a disturbing 89% of the untreated sewage discharges ...
Microbial communities of activated sludge (AS) play a key role in the performance of wastewater treatment processes. However, seasonal variability of microbial population in varying AS-based processes has been poorly correlated with operation of full-scale wastewater treatment systems (WWTSs). In this paper, significant seasonal variability of AS microbial communities in eight WWTSs located in the city of Guangzhou were revealed in terms of 16S rRNA-based Miseq sequencing. Furthermore, variation redundancy analysis (RDA) demonstrated that the microbial community compositions closely correlated with WWTS operation parameters such as temperature, BOD, NH4+-N and TN. Consequently, support vector regression models which reasonably predicted effluent BOD, SS and TN in WWTSs were established based on microbial community compositions. This work provided an alternative tool for rapid assessment on performance of full-scale wastewater treatment plants.
The concepts of 340 university freshmen concerning urban water cycles include various misconceptions (or intuitive conceptions) which severely contrast with correct scientific ones. Almost no student knew the correct urban water cycle in total, including cycle steps in the appropriate sequence: consumer (given), sewage-plant, nature and waterworks. Concepts mainly omit nature and waterworks, only the sewage plant is included in almost all concepts. This reflects an exaggeration of the importance of the cycle-step sewage plant relative to the other steps, when the topic is taught in school. Students acquired knowledge from two main sources: School and media. Most students are aware of the origin of drinking water, although several concepts reflect a pipe-to-pipe system, where wastewater is cleared in sewage plants and brought back to consumers, skipping the roles of nature and waterworks. Everyday matters with an important impact on our life-standards, like the urban water cycle, need specific attention
Table 1: Timetric Construction Market Definitions. Table 2: Argentinean Sewage Infrastructure Construction Output Market Value, 2011-2015. Table 3: Argentinean Sewage Infrastructure Construction Output Market Value, (US$ Million) by Cost Type, 2011-2015. Table 4: Argentinean Sewage Infrastructure Construction Output Market Value, (ARS Million) by Cost Type, 2011-2015. Table 5: Argentinean Sewage Infrastructure Construction Output Market Value, Forecast, 2015-2020. Table 6: Argentinean Sewage Infrastructure Construction Output Market Value, (US$ Million) by Cost Type, 2015-2020. Table 7: Argentinean Sewage Infrastructure Construction Output Market Value, (ARS Million) by Cost Type, 2015-2020. Table 8: Argentinean Sewage Infrastructure Construction Value Add Market Value, 2011-2015. Table 9: Argentinean Sewage Infrastructure Construction Value Add Market Value, 2015-2020. Table 10: Argentinean Sewage Infrastructure Construction, New Construction Output, 2011-2015. Table 11: Argentinean Sewage ...
The Bay Areas worst-polluting sewer agencies are spilling less sewage into San Francisco Bay, thanks to Baykeepers Sick of Sewage campaign.. Sewage pollution has been one of the most serious threats to the Bays health due to crumbling Bay Area sewer infrastructure. During the rainy season, millions of gallons of partially treated and raw sewage have spilled directly into the Bay or into storm drains, creeks, rivers, and sloughs that empty into the Bay.. But now, Baykeepers legal actions have compelled sewage agencies serving 20 Bay Area cities to make upgrades and repairs to stop sewage spills. We have legally-binding agreements requiring these sewer systems to replace miles of cracked pipes, boost inspections, and improve their infrastructure, on a year-by-year timetable.. Baykeeper recently reviewed these sewer agencies progress in 2012, and several are ahead of their required timetables for making upgrades. One agency, serving South San Francisco, has fixed its sewage pollution problem ...
The study is focused on the comparison of autothermal thermophilic aerobic digestion, thermophilic and mesophilic anaerobic digestion, based on long term monitoring of all processes in full-scale wastewater treatment plants, with an emphasis on the efficiency in destroying pathogens. The hygienisation effect was evaluated as a removal of counts of indicator bacteria, thermotolerant coliforms and enterococci as CFU/g total sludge solids and a frequency of a positive Salmonella spp. detection. Both thermophilic technologies of municipal wastewater sludge stabilisation had the capability of producing sludge A biosolids suitable for agricultural land application when all operational parameters (mainly temperature, mixing and retention time) were stable and maintained at an appropriate level. ...
Deep sequencing of untreated sewage provides an opportunity to monitor enteric infections in large populations and for high-throughput viral discovery. A metagenomics analysis of purified viral particles in untreated sewage from the United States (San Francisco, CA), Nigeria (Maiduguri), Thailand (Bangkok), and Nepal (Kathmandu) revealed sequences related to 29 eukaryotic viral families infecting vertebrates, invertebrates, and plants (BLASTx E score, |10(-4)), including known pathogens (|90% protein identities) in numerous viral families infecting humans (Adenoviridae, Astroviridae, Caliciviridae, Hepeviridae, Parvoviridae, Picornaviridae, Picobirnaviridae, and Reoviridae), plants (Alphaflexiviridae, Betaflexiviridae, Partitiviridae, Sobemovirus, Secoviridae, Tombusviridae, Tymoviridae, Virgaviridae), and insects (Dicistroviridae, Nodaviridae, and Parvoviridae). The full and partial genomes of a novel kobuvirus, salivirus, and sapovirus are described. A novel astrovirus (casa astrovirus) basal to those
Deep sequencing of untreated sewage provides an opportunity to monitor enteric infections in large populations and for high-throughput viral discovery. A metagenomics analysis of purified viral particles in untreated sewage from the United States (San Francisco, CA), Nigeria (Maiduguri), Thailand (Bangkok), and Nepal (Kathmandu) revealed sequences related to 29 eukaryotic viral families infecting vertebrates, invertebrates, and plants (BLASTx E score, |10(-4)), including known pathogens (|90% protein identities) in numerous viral families infecting humans (Adenoviridae, Astroviridae, Caliciviridae, Hepeviridae, Parvoviridae, Picornaviridae, Picobirnaviridae, and Reoviridae), plants (Alphaflexiviridae, Betaflexiviridae, Partitiviridae, Sobemovirus, Secoviridae, Tombusviridae, Tymoviridae, Virgaviridae), and insects (Dicistroviridae, Nodaviridae, and Parvoviridae). The full and partial genomes of a novel kobuvirus, salivirus, and sapovirus are described. A novel astrovirus (casa astrovirus) basal to those
Biological Nutrient Removal (BNR) Operation in Wastewater Treatment Plants. Biological Nutrient Removal (BNR) Operation Wastewater Treatment Plants instructs readers in the theory, equipment, and practical techniques needed to optimize BNR in varied environments, from plants larger than 380 000 m3/d (100 mgd) to plants smaller than 380 m3/d (100 000 gpd), anywhere in the world. The most up-to-date and comprehensive guide ever written on achieving higher standards of water quality through biological nutrient removal, this expert-authored text links practical BNR to all phases of wastewater treatment, covering system design, equipment choices, configuring equipment and processes, monitoring, maintenance, and troubleshooting. Contents include: Overall Process Considerations; Nitrification and Denitrification; Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal; Combined Nutrient Removal Systems; Models for Nutrient Removal; Sludge Bulking and Foaming; Chemical Addition and Chemical Feed Control; Sludge Fermentation;
San Pedro Town Council (SPTC) has taken new steps to ensure that raw sewage is properly disposed of. The issue was raised on Friday, February 20th after several residents identified a local cargo operator dumping raw sewage onto the roadside that leads to the island s dumpsite. As such, SPTC members met with representatives from Belize Water Service Limited (BWSL) and the Department of Environment (DOE) on Monday, March 30th to discuss how incidents such as these can be prevented. The discussion led to the initiative of constructing a leaching bed for the disposal of raw sewage. A leaching bed is a number of individual absorption trenches laid parallel to one another. Each trench consists of a perforated PVC pipe surrounded by clean gravel. Filter cloth is laid on the top of the gravel to prevent fine particles in the backfill from clogging the spaces between the gravel. The raw sewage that is dumped onto the leaching bed flows down the perforated pipe and percolates through the gravel into the ...
In recent years, there has been an increased concern over the appearance of endocrine dismpting chemicals (EDCs) in the aquatic environment due to their potential reproductive and early developmental toxicity to wildlife population. Municipal and industrial sewage effluents are considered as the major sources of EDCs. Among different classes of EDCs, natural and synthetic steroid estrogens have been identified as the most potent EDCs, as they can induce feminization in fish even at trace levels. Steroid hormones undergo extensive biodegradation during secondary treatment in municipal wastewater treatment processes. However, in Atlantic Canada only 50% of the population has municipal sewage treatment facilities. In many coastal towns and cities, including Halifax, Nova Scotia, and St. Johns, Newfoundland & Labrador the raw sewage is directly discharged into harbours. Needless to say, sewage-related contaminants pose a serious threat to the marine ecosystem in these areas. -- Mussels are widely ...
In this study, the immune reactions of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were examined, after exposure to 10, 30 and 70% of tertiary-treated municipal sewage effluent for 27 days. Exposures were conducted concurrently with and without an immune challenge using intraperitoneal injections of inactivated Aeromonas salmonicida salmonicida. Due to the time required to prepare and analyse samples, fish sampling was conducted over two consecutive days. There was no trout mortality for any of the Show moreIn this study, the immune reactions of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) were examined, after exposure to 10, 30 and 70% of tertiary-treated municipal sewage effluent for 27 days. Exposures were conducted concurrently with and without an immune challenge using intraperitoneal injections of inactivated Aeromonas salmonicida salmonicida. Due to the time required to prepare and analyse samples, fish sampling was conducted over two consecutive days. There was no trout mortality for any of the ...
Molecular data show that the filamentous bacterium Eikelboom type 0092, frequently seen in Australian activated sludge plants, is a member of the phylum Chloroflexi. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probes designed against cloned 16S rRNA sequences from a full-scale enhanced biological phosphate removal-activated sludge plant community, where this was a dominant filament morphotype, suggest that it can exist as two variants, differing in their trichome diameter. When applied to samples from several treatment plants in eastern Australia, each FISH probe targeted only the type 0092 filament morphotype against which it was designed. The patterns of FISH signals generated with both were consistent with the ribosomes not being evenly distributed but arranged as intracellular aggregates. The FISH survey data showed that these two variants appeared together in most but not all of the plants examined. None stained positively for intracellular presence of either poly-beta-hydroxyalkanoates or ...
A controversial sewage plant upgrade in Regina will not require an environmental impact assessment, the Saskatchewan government says.
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Im starting a series of articles in which I will turn various circumstances and objects of life into spiritual lessons. Most will be brief; hopefully all will be informative and helpful. This first in the series is about spiritual sewage.. Last week the group of townhomes we live in had a sewer blockage that caused sewage to start to come back up out of our downstairs toilet. While we did not have much come out of the toilet, thankfully, I thought about the symbolism of the event. What kind of spiritual sewage are we letting into our homes and lives? Is our spiritual plumbing blocked? If sewage is getting into our homes, how is it getting there?. Unlike the external sewer line blockage that caused the sewage to trickle out of our toilet, having functional spiritual plumbing starts with the individual and within the home. The Book of Mormon king Benjamin cautioned against letting our homes overflow with spiritual sewage: But this much I can tell you, that if ye do not watch yourselves, and your ...
The occurrence and removal efficiencies of the pharmaceuticals lidocaine (LDC), tramadol (TRA) and venlafaxine (VEN), and their major active metabolites monoethylglycinexylidide (MEGX), O-desmethyltramadol (ODT) and O-desmethylvenlafaxine (ODV) were studied at four wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) equipped with activated sludge treatment technologies. In parallel to activated sludge treatment, the removal efficiency of the compounds in pilot- and full-scale projects installed at the WWTPs was investigated. Within these projects two different treatment methods were tested: adsorption onto powdered/granulated activated carbon (PAC/GAC) and ozonation. The metabolite MEGX was not detected in any sample. The concentrations of the target analytes in wastewater effluents resulting from activated sludge treatment ranged from 55 to 183 (LDC), 88 to 416 (TRA), 50 to 245 (ODT), 22 to 176 (VEN) and 77 to 520 ng L−1 (ODV). In the pilot project with subsequent treatment with PAC/GAC, the mean concentrations of
The concentrations of some widely used pharmaceuticals, namely fluoroquinolones (ciprofloxacin C17H18FN3O3, norfloxacin C16H18FN3O3 and ofloxacin C18H20FN3O4) and sulfonamides (sulfadimethoxine C12H14N4O4S and sulfamethoxazole C10H11N3O3S ) were determined in urban sewage sludge utilized for making compost. The levels of degradation of these pharmaceuticals resulting from sludge treatment were assessed. The concentrations of the studied pharmaceuticals sufficiently varied both in sewage sludge and in compost and due to this phenomenon the possible danger resulting from the presence of pharmaceuticals in sewage sludge, used for composting, can not be ignored. The concentrations of the studied pharmaceuticals were lower in compost, if compared to the relevant concentrations in sewage sludge. The highest pharmaceutical concentration in sewage sludge - 426 μg/kg - was detected in the case of ciprofloxacin. The highest concentrations present in compost were 22 μg/kg of norfloxacin and 20 μg/kg of ...
The Pendleton-Clemson Regional Wastewater Treatment Plant has the capacity to treat 2.0 MGD. The Treatment Plant is an Extended Aeration Activated Sludge Process System that incorporates a Mixing Basin prior to the Main Aeration Basins, to control excessive growth of filamentous bacteria. The Phosphorus removal is achieved by chemical treatment of the Effluent of the Aeration Basins to complex dissolved phosphates into particulates, which are subsequently removed in the Clarifiers along with the excess mixed liquor suspended solids, transferred from the Aeration Basins. Residual BOD5 and Orthophosphate Solids not treated prior to Clarifier Effluent are captured by Tertiary Cloth Filters, and the Effluent passes through an Ultra Violet disinfection channel and Post Aeration prior to its discharge into Eighteen Mile Creek. The Waste Activated Sludge (Biosolids) withdrawn from the Clarifiers is stabilized and thickened in our Aerobic Digester Tanks, prior to being land applied on Agricultural ...
The Pendleton-Clemson Regional Wastewater Treatment Plant has the capacity to treat 2.0 MGD. The Treatment Plant is an Extended Aeration Activated Sludge Process System that incorporates a Mixing Basin prior to the Main Aeration Basins, to control excessive growth of filamentous bacteria. The Phosphorus removal is achieved by chemical treatment of the Effluent of the Aeration Basins to complex dissolved phosphates into particulates, which are subsequently removed in the Clarifiers along with the excess mixed liquor suspended solids, transferred from the Aeration Basins. Residual BOD5 and Orthophosphate Solids not treated prior to Clarifier Effluent are captured by Tertiary Cloth Filters, and the Effluent passes through an Ultra Violet disinfection channel and Post Aeration prior to its discharge into Eighteen Mile Creek. The Waste Activated Sludge (Biosolids) withdrawn from the Clarifiers is stabilized and thickened in our Aerobic Digester Tanks, prior to being land applied on Agricultural ...
An aging sewer main slated be replaced ruptured on Sunday afternoon, sending raw sewage flowing for hours into Solomon Creek in Wilkes-Barre, authorities said Monday.. There was a large amount of sewage that went into Solomon Creek, said Colleen Connolly, a spokeswoman for the state Department of Environmental Protection. It was not immediately clear how much sewage was released.. The 27-inch pipe, near the Hanover Township and Wilkes-Barre border, was repaired by 2 a.m. Monday as the sewage was diverted through other sewer pipes, authorities said.. The main, which originates in Wilkes-Barre Township, leads to the Wyoming Valley Sanitary Authority. Solomon Creek eventually flows into the Susquehanna River.. Ironically, the agenda for Monday nights Hanover Township Commissioners meeting included a motion to seek bids for the replacement of the 20-year-old main, township Manager John Sipper said.. Commissioners are seeking bids for a larger 30-inch sewer main that will be 105 feet long, he ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Development of a DNA microarray chip for the identification of sludge bacteria using an unsequenced random genomic DNA hybridization method. AU - Byoung, Chan Kim. AU - Ji, Hyun Park. AU - Man, Bock Gu. PY - 2004/12/15. Y1 - 2004/12/15. N2 - A tool, based upon the DNA microarray chip, for the identification of specific bacteria from activated sludge, using the hybridization of genomic DNA with random probes, is described. This chip was developed using the genomic DNAs from Gordonia amarae, the natural filamentous actinomycete that causes sludge foaming and bulking, as well as a nonfilamentous floc forming bacterium (Zoogloea ramigera) and the skin pathogen Mycobacterium peregrinum without any sequence information. The sets of target probes on amine-coated glass were made from a genomic library, constructed with PCR products derived from randomly fragmented genomic DNAs extracted from pure cultures of the three strains. Initial hybridization results, when pure cultures were ...
The City of Alexandria is encouraging residents to participate in a process that will help bring long-term improvements to Alexandrias sewer system infrastructure, improve water quality, and meet new regulatory requirements. In 2011, the City applied to the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VDEQ) for renewal of its Virginia Pollution Discharge Elimination Permit, which regulates the Citys Combined Sewer System (CSS). The system, a combination of storm and sanitary sewer systems, serves approximately 540 acres in Old Town. As part of the Citys Eco-City Alexandria initiative, and in coordination with VDEQ, the draft permit ensures regulatory requirements are met and the environment is protected. Under the permit negotiated by the City with VDEQ, the City will update its Long Term Control Plan (LTCP) over the next three years, and implement additional projects to improve water quality in the Potomac River, Chesapeake Bay, and Hunting Creek. This future LTCP, which community residents ...
In an investigation to determine its distribution in a sewage purification plant, the virus of poliomyelitis was detected in the raw sludge, the settled sewage, and the effluent from the humus tanks. It was not detected in treated sludge that had undergone digestion for 30 days, nor in the final effluent after sand filtration. It was not detected in psychodid (sewage) flies from the sprinkler filterbeds, nor in the faecal droppings of European swallows hawking insects in the neighbourhood of the sewage works. It is recalled that in many sewage works the effluent from the humus tanks, shown to be infected in this investigation, is used to irrigate lands on which vegetables and fruit are grown. The potential danger of eating such vegetables and fruit raw is noted and discussed.
Lets start with the basics. Mercury is a well-known neurotoxin. Once mercury is discharged to the environment, it converts to methylmercury, a very toxic form, and bioaccumulates in fish. Fish consumption is the number one exposure to mercury for humans and wildlife. The EPA has designated mercury as its number one hazardous waste.3 As a part of the EPAs strategy, sewage treatment plants are required to meet lower discharge limits for mercury in their liquid effluent discharge and in their sludge content. Sewage treatment plants receive discharge whether a facility is connected to a sewer or not; septic tanks are pumped regularly and the contents are discharged at sewage treatment plants.. The most common use of mercury in dental operations is dental amalgam. Amalgam is made up of approximately 40% to 50% mercury, 25% silver, and a 25% to 35% mixture of copper, zinc, and tin. The total amount of mercury per amalgam can range from 327 mg to 982 mg depending on the size of the amalgam.4. Amalgam ...
Subsurface sewage disposal systems can service the needs of various wastewater generators ranging from individual homes to small communities. Where and how the wastewater is generated establishes the type of subsurface sewage system while the wastewater volume determines whether enhanced drainfield configurations are required.. There are two common types of subsurface treatment and disposal systems: 1) Individual on-site wastewater systems and 2) Central subsurface treatment and disposal systems, commonly referred to as a Community SSDS.. Additionally, if wastewater volumes of 2,500 gallons per day (GPD) or more are received by the SSDS, the drainfield is classified as a Large Soil Absorption System (LSAS) and must meet enhanced design, construction, monitoring and reporting requirements.. DEQ has established minimum standards, the Individual/Subsurface Sewage Disposal Rules (IDAPA 58.01.03), for the design, construction, siting, and use of individual and subsurface sewage disposal systems. ...
Form 2M1 Instructions - Page 1 Return to: Oklahoma Department of 707 N. Robinson Revised June 2008 Environmental Quality P.O. Box 1677 previous editions Water Quality Division Oklahoma City, OK 73101-1677 are obsolete Municipal Permitting Section Oklahoma DEQ Application for Permit to Discharge Municipal/Domestic Wastewater Form 2M1 - Major Discharge PLEASE DETACH THESE INSTRUCTIONS AND RETURN ONLY THE COMPLETED APPLICATION FORM ITSELF. This form must be completed by all major facilities applying for a permit to discharge under DEQs Municipal OPDES Permit Program. See instructions for the submittal of applications and the public notice requirements. Form 2M1 Instructions - Page 2 OKLAHOMA DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY INSTRUCTIONS - DEQ FORM 2M1 (major) APPLICATION FOR PERMIT TO DISCHARGE MUNICIPAL/DOMESTIC WASTEWATER Form 2M1 must be completed by the owner/responsible official of a major municipal/domestic wastewater facility that wishes to discharge pollutants to waters of the State of ...
Highlights: • Volatiles, particularly proteins, play a key role in sludge combustion. • Sludge combustion performance varies with different sludge organic concentrations. • Carbohydrates significantly affect the combustion rate in the second stage. • Combustion performance of digested sludge is more negative compared with others. - Abstract: Wastewater treatment plants produce millions of tons of sewage sludge. Sewage sludge is recognized as a promising feedstock for power generation via combustion and can be used for energy crisis adaption. We aimed to investigate the quantitative effects of various sludge characteristics on the overall sludge combustion process performance. Different types of sewage sludge were derived from numerous wastewater treatment plants in Beijing for further thermogravimetric analysis. Thermogravimetric-differential thermogravimetric curves were used to compare the performance of the studied samples. Proximate analytical data, organic compositions, elementary ...
A Thunder Bay lawyer leading a class-action lawsuit against the city says the expert report on what happened at the sewage treatment plant during the flood in May leaves unanswered questions.
RESPONSE OF PHENOL-ACCLIMATED ACTIVATED SLUDGE PROCESS TO QUANTITATIVE SHOCK LOADING A. F. Rozich, Assistant Professor A. F. Gaudy, Jr., Professor and chairman Civil Engineering Department University of Delaware Newark, Delaware 19711 INTRODUCTION This report brings together two lines of research in the authors laboratory, i.e., response of activated sludge processes to shock loadings and the treatment of toxic carbon sources, e.g., phenol. A recent paper has dealt with the prediction of response to combined hydraulic and quantitative shocks for systems treating a non-toxic carbon source [1]. Other work has dealt with the modeling and prediction of performance for activated sludge processes treating phenolic waste under non-shock conditions [2]. Both research concerns are of great importance to water pollution control efforts since it is becoming amply clear that biological treatment is depended upon for the bulk of wastewater purification, and it will be called upon to treat an increasing ...
Eutrophication of water catchments and the greenhouse effect are major challenges in developing the global economy in the near future. Secondary effluents, containing high amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus, need further treatment before being discharged into receiving water bodies. At the same time, new environmentally friendly energy sources need to be developed. Integrating microalgal cultivation for the production of biodiesel feedstock with the treatment of secondary effluent is one way of addressing both issues. This article provides a comprehensive review of the latest progress in microalgal cultivation in secondary effluent to remove pollutants and accumulate lipids. Researchers have discovered that microalgae remove nitrogen and phosphorus effectively from secondary effluent, accumulating biomass and lipids in the process. Immobilization of appropriate microalgae, and establishing a consortium of microalgae and/or bacteria, were both found to be feasible ways to enhance pollutant removal and
Sewage treatment is a process that most people in developed countries take for granted. Its a topic that many of us may choose not to dwell on, yet effective processing of waste water is essential for the health of both humans and the environment. When sewage arrives at a waste water treatment plant, it is a nasty liquid mix of food materials, human waste, detergents, fats, oils and greases, as well as other waste chemicals and debris. At the sewage treatment works (STW) it undergoes a process of screening, settlement, oxidation and disinfection until it is sufficiently clean to be discharged back into the natural environment. Nickel-containing stainless steels play an increasing role in these plants (see table, page 11). Stainless steel Types 304 (UNS S30400) and 316 (S31600) and their low carbon variants are the principal alloys used, with duplex alloy 2205 (S32205) used where particularly severe conditions are anticipated or extra strength/decreased thickness is required. Stainless steel is ...
LONG BEACH - All the beaches in Long Beach were closed Saturday because of a 22,000-gallon sewage spill in South Pasadena, a Long Beach city official said. The sewage spill was first noticed about 8 a.m. and was contained by 10:40 a.m., said Nelson Kerr, Long Beachs recreational water manager. At about 2:30 p.m., county health officials told Long Beach health officials that sewage had spilled out of a manhole cover at Fair Oaks Avenue and State Street in South Pasadena and seeped into the storm system, which leads to a tributary that empties into the Los Angeles River, which runs to the ocean in Long Beach, he said. The estimated 22,000-gallon spill may have been caused by a grease plug in the line, Kerr said. The city health officer of Long Beach ordered the beaches closed for swimming to protect people from illnesses that can be contracted from contact with untreated sewage, Kerr said. The beaches will remain closed until water tests determine that water-borne bacteria is at acceptable ...
The objective of this study was to evaluate the biodegradability related chemical oxygen demand (COD) fractionation of selected streams from a municipal wastewater treatment plant (MWWTP). The MWWTP under investigation consisted of an activated sludge process which was fed with domestic sewage and pretreated tannery effluents. Another aim was to use particle size distribution (PSD) analysis as a supportive tool for interpreting the effect of primary settling and biological treatment processes on the partitioning of COD fractions over different size categories. The results of conventional characterization and respirometric analyses revealed the strong character of the primary settling tank influent. The high level of soluble inert COD underlined the necessity of an additional treatment step, since the application of biological treatment alone was not adequate to meet the discharge standards. Primary settling removed 35% of the particulate COD, which corresponded to 70% of the initial total COD ...
Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh inaugurated eco-friendly sewage water treatment plant at the Water Technology Centre of the IARI here...
GAIs process experts assisted the city of Daytona Beach in achieving compliance with nutrient removal issues in their Wastewater Treatment Facilities. To resolve an FDEP consent order for these issues, GAI evaluated both facilities and prepared a basis of design and preliminary design report that included evaluation and recommendation to achieve compliance with Total Nitrogen requirements by addition of a carbon source. Pilot testing was completed successfully and then followed by final design, bid support, and construction services for a permanent system.. ...
We are involved in the design and construction of sewage treatment plant which can attain effluent standards, set by the appropriate regulating body.
A bench-scale study for the treatment of munitions wastewater was conducted in a semicontinuous activated sludge treatment system over a period of 30 months. This work effort addressed the suitability of such systems for the treatment of munitions wastewaters, system performance, system removal capabilities, and the determination of kinetic constants. The system proved to be extremely stable and easy to operate. Organic removals reached almost 100% biodegradable COD removal and were consistently in excess of 95%. Complete nitrification and denitrification were consistently achieved. Solids separation and sludge settleability were excellent. Partial removals of RDX, HMX, TAX, and SEX were achieved. DMN was neither formed nor removed during the operation of the system. TNT removal was complete, and despite intensive efforts, no metabolites or degradation products of TNT were found in either the effluent or sludge.*WASTE WATER
DEEP Announces $1 Million in Federal Grants Awarded for Marine Sewage Disposal Facilities for the 2018 Boating Season Abstract: Connecticut s Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP) today announced that for the 2018 boating season, 43 marine facilities will receive $997,188 in funding under the annual Federal Clean Vessel Act (CVA) program.
Deterioration of enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) has been linked to the proliferation of glycogen-accumulating organisms (GAOs), but few organisms possessing the GAO metabolic phenotype have been identified. An unidentified GAO was highly enriched in a laboratory-scale bioreactor and attempts to identify this organism using conventional 16S rRNA gene cloning had failed. Therefore, rRNA-based stable isotope probing followed by full-cycle rRNA analysis was used to specifically identify the putative GAOs based on their characteristic metabolic phenotype. The study obtained sequences from a group of Alphaproteobacteria not previously shown to possess the GAO phenotype, but 90 % identical by 16S rRNA gene analysis to a phylogenetic clade containing cloned sequences from putative GAOs and the isolate Defluvicoccus vanus. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) probes (DF988 and DF1020) were designed to target the new group and post-FISH chemical staining demonstrated anaerobic-aerobic cycling
The owner/user of a building is obliged to maintain septic and holding tanks so that they are in a good condition and they function correctly.. Pursuant to the Waters Act of 1 January 2014, the public sewage system includes pumping and removal of waste water from septic and holding tanks which means that the services of cleaning of septic and holding tanks in the territory of Rijeka are provided by utility company Vodovod i kanalizacija.. The public sewage service comprises waste water accumulation activity, pumping services and removal of waste water from septic and holding tanks and treating of wastewater accumulated in both ways.. All beneficiaries, irrespective of whether already connected to the public sewage system or not, pay a fixed part of the basic price of waste water treatment, while the beneficiaries whose property items are still not connected to the public sewage system pay the cleaning of septic and holding tanks, once this service has been rendered.. The service of discharging ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Pharmaceutical residues in wastewater treatment works effluents and their impact on receiving river water. AU - Zhou, J. L.. AU - Zhang, Z. L.. AU - Banks, E.. AU - Grover, D.. AU - Jiang, JiaQian. N1 - Originally published in: Journal of Hazardous Materials (2009), 166 (2-3), pp.655-661.. PY - 2009/7/1. Y1 - 2009/7/1. N2 - Various pharmaceutical residues are being discharged from wastewater treatment works (WTW) effluents, the impact of which on river water quality is of high relevance to environmental risk assessment. The concentrations of eleven pharmaceutical compounds were determined in three WTWs in England, and the river Ouse receiving effluents fromScaynes HillWTW. Results showthat five compounds propranolol, sulfamethoxazole, carbamazepine, indomethacine and diclofenac were detected in all wastewater and river water samples, with carbamazepine showing the highest concentrations (up to 2336 ng L-1) in WTW influent. Different compounds were removed to different extent in ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - New Framework for Automated Article Selection Applied to a Literature Review of Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal. AU - Nguyen Quang, Minh. AU - Rogers, Timothy. AU - Hofman, Johannes. AU - Lanham, Ana. PY - 2019/5/9. Y1 - 2019/5/9. N2 - Enhanced Biological Phosphorus Removal (EBPR) is a technology widely used in wastewater treatment to remove phosphorus (P) and prevent eutrophication. Establishing its operating efficiency and stability is an active research field that has generated almost 3000 publications in the last 40 years. Due to its size, including over 119 review articles, it is an example of a field where it becomes increasingly difficult to manually recognize its key research contributions, especially for non-experts or newcomers. Therefore, this work included two distinct but complementary objectives. First, to assemble for the first time a collection of bibliometric techniques into a framework for automating the article selection process when preparing a ...
Alum sludge from a Tampa water treatment plant was found to significantly reduce phosphorus release from anaerobic bottom sediments. The kinetics of phosphorus uptake by the sludge was evaluated in batch reactors. Further, the impact of the sludge on benthic organisms was determined in aquarium systems. Aquariums were set up with sediments and organisms from various lake habitats. Organisms were allowed to establish themselves and then test aquaria were dosed with alum sludge to cover the sediments. Benthic survival and heavy metal uptake were evaluated. Favorable phosphorus uptake was demonstrated in the batch reactors. The uptake kinetics were found to closely follow both Freundlich and Langmuir isotherms over a wide range of sludge dose and phosphorus concentrations. Benthic organisms typical of polluted environments were not adversely affected by the sludge additions. However, oligochaetes exposed to the sludge had elevated metal concentrations. Clean water organisms were somewhat less
A laboratory mesocosm experiment was performed to study the effects of copper-enriched sewage sludge application on a mesofauna community. For 12 weeks, characteristics and changes in this defined and artificial mesofauna community structure were monitored as well as the dynamics of leaf litter decomposition. The mesofauna community comprised six species of Collembola (Folsomia fimetaria, Isotomurus prasinus, Lepidocyrtus cyaneus, Mesaphorura macrochaeta, Parisotoma notabilis, Protaphorura armata), two species of acari Oribatida (Achipteria coleoptrata, Adoristes sp.), one species of acari Gamasida (Hypoaspis aculeifer) and one species of enchytraeid (Enchytraeus crypticus). Three treatments included the addition of 22 g dry weight (DW) sludge spiked with 0, 200 and 1,000 mg Cu kg−1 DW sludge in each mesocosm, and one treatment had 66 g DW sludge spiked with 1,000 mg Cu kg−1 DW sludge added in each mesocosm. Copper, complexed with sludge due to a favourable pH, had no effect on community and ...
Pure water is never found in nature and it is increasingly rare to encounter a source of water that requires no treatment before being used for portable water supply. Conventional treatment methods are not effective for the degradation of toxic organic pollutants; hence other treatment techniques are necessary. One of the recent developments in this field is the Advanced Oxidation Process (AOP). In this Advanced Oxidation Process, photo catalysis is a technique which utilizes the solar radiation to treat the sewage with more organic contents. For the removal of organic waste form the sewage, oxidation reduction reaction is used and this reaction is accelerated using titanium dioxide as a strong oxidizing agent. Titanium di-oxide (TiO2) is widely used as a catalyst for this purpose, to oxidise or reduce the organic pollutants in wastewater. This paper deals with performance of the titanium dioxide under varying parameters of the sewage and its efficiency. The photo catalysis of sewage has been studied
The first thing to do when youve noticed the smell of sewage in your faucet water is to inspect the cause and run a test to check the water chemistry. Since magnesium sulfide gas can live in the drain and pipelines, smell the water away from the drains to make sure your assessment is correct. Upon checking, youll find out the real culprit behind the smell of sewage. The simple process of stepping away from the sink will help determine the source of the problem. The isolation technique is done to identify whether the sewage smells come from the drain or from the water itself. Most likely, if its not in the drain and pipelines, its definitely in the water source. The best thing to do is to test the water for its chemistry. Whether youre using municipal water supplies or a private well, theres a high probability your water source is responsible for the unpleasant smell. Sewage smell is a clear indicator of contaminants in your drinking water. Locating the source of a smelly water problem will ...
Gunnamatta Sewage Outlet[edit]. A sewerage outlet near Boag Rock, a couple of kilometres up the coast from Gunnamatta Surf ...
Sewage discharge[edit]. Legally in the UK, train operators are allowed to discharge up to 25 litres of untreated waste at a ... "End 'disgusting' train toilet sewage - Lady Kramer". BBC News. 13 November 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2013.. ... "Rail bosses face EU inquiry over sewage on tracks". The Sunday Times. London. Retrieved 13 November 2013.. (subscription ... staff at Nottingham abandoned local clean-up and then track maintenance procedures due to an excessive build-up of sewage waste ...
Water and sewage[edit]. The Majuro Water and Sewer Company obtains water from a catchment basin on the International Airport ...
Treated sewage sludge[edit]. Main article: Biosolids. Sewage sludge, also known as biosolids, is effuent that has been treated ... With concerns about human borne pathogens coupled with a growing preference for flush toilets and centralized sewage treatment ...
Human excreta and sewage sludge[edit]. Further information: Reuse of excreta. Human excreta can also be added as an input to ... Vermicomposting can also be applied for treatment of sewage sludge.[20] Composting toilets[edit]. Main article: Composting ... Standards for the use or disposal of sewage sludge". U.S. Government Printing Office. 1998. Retrieved 30 March 2009.. ... It can be either composted directly, like in composting toilets, or indirectly (as sewage sludge), after it has undergone ...
Conceived in Sewage (2011-present)[edit]. Devourment began writing new material in 2011, and travelled to St. Petersburg, ... titled Conceived in Sewage, was recorded with Erik Rutan, and was released on February 19, 2013.[27] ... "Album: Devourment - Conceived In Sewage". Thrash Hits. Retrieved July 6, 2017 ...
Standards for the use or disposal of sewage sludge". U.S. Government Printing Office. 1998. Retrieved 30 March 2009.. ... Human waste and sewage sludge[edit]. Further information: Reuse of human waste ... Vermicomposting can also be applied for treatment of sewage sludge.[citation needed] ... It can be either composted directly, as in composting toilets, or indirectly (as sewage sludge), after it has undergone ...
Government Tests Sewage to Estimate Cocaine Usage. From the Washington Post, March 27, 2006: If government studies are a ... is probing the mysteries of Fairfax's sewage for a clearer picture. ...
The Region was responsible for education (from nursery to colleges); social work; police; fire; sewage; strategic planning; ...
Mold; sewage; water leakage; nail poking out, infestation of vermin such as spiders, cockroaches, and ants; broken appliances ... Conlin, Michelle (July 27, 2018). "Spiders, sewage and a flurry of fees - the other side of renting a house from Wall Street". ...
have been found in soil; fresh, brackish, and sea water; sewage; swimming pools; contact lens equipment; medicinal pools; ...
1 September 1997) Buses; A letter; Boxes; Sewage; Cleaning; Rubbish; Water. (24 November 1997) Crisps; Eggs; A carton drink; ...
SewageEdit. Prior to the construction of a waste treatment plant, Jeddah's wastewater was disposed of by either discharge into ... This has been responsible for a large number of sewage tankers. In late 2011, a storm drainage system was built in the south ... The city is challenged by pollution, weak sewage systems, a weak storm drain system that led to massive floodings, heavy ... As a result, some untreated sewage is discharged directly into the sea and the entire northern part of the city remains ...
FOG from sewageEdit. So-called fats, oils and grease (FOG), recovered from sewage can also be turned into biodiesel.[153] ... Sewage Sludge - The sewage-to-biofuel field is attracting interest from major companies like Waste Management and startups like ... Algae, which can be grown using waste materials such as sewage[96] and without displacing land currently used for food ... "NZ firm makes bio-diesel from sewage in world first". The New Zealand Herald. Archived from the original on June 2, 2006 ...
a b Regan, Alex (4 March 2015). Wet wipes caused sewage flood in garden,Oxford Mail ... Effect on sewage systemsEdit. Water management companies ask people not to flush wet wipes down toilets, as their failure to ... alternatives such as gel wipe came on to the market to relieve pressure on sewage systems and marine life.[22][23] ... "Flushable" wipes blamed for clogging sewage lines, Seattle Times *^ "Oxford 'out-of-control fatberg' threatens homes". BBC ...
... sewage treatment; water-borne diseases; soil degradation; and depletion and contamination of underground water resources. In ...
The collected waste water is treated at the Dornick Point Sewage Treatment Plant on the Western edge of Johnstown city limits. ... The Upper Yoder Township Authority was formed under the terms of the Municipality Authorities Act of 1945, to provide a sewage ... as well as to the Johnstown Regional Sewage for treatment of waste. List of municipal authorities in Cambria County, ... "Sewage Information". Johnstown Redevelopment Authority. Retrieved 11 May 2012.. ...
Sewage from Mountlake Terrace is primarily sent to the City of Edmonds for treatment and discharge into Puget Sound, with ... "Sewage Division". City of Mountlake Terrace. Retrieved April 25, 2020. Salyer, Sharon (February 25, 2009). "Doctors back ... Mountlake Terrace is part of the Alderwood Water and Wastewater District, which provides tap water and sewage treatment ... sewage treatment, and a police department. The city government is based out of an interim city hall building at an office park ...
... sewage treatment; etc. An arcology is designed to make it possible to supply those items for a large population. An arcology ...
There is a dedicated pumped trunk sewer delivering the raw sewage from the former site to Bolivar. it is 17 km long with a ... "Sewage Treatment". SA Water. Retrieved 6 January 2018. "Bolivar wastewater treatment plant energy use case study" (PDF). Water ... Bolivar is the largest of three SA Water sewage treatment plants in metropolitan Adelaide. It produces recycled water which is ... Bolivar processes 60% of metropolitan Adelaide's raw sewage. The biogas produced in the treatment process is used to generate ...
In addition, Gaza was dependent upon Israel for water, electricity sewage communication networks and for its trade (Gisha 2007 ... Environmental problems include desertification; salination of fresh water; sewage treatment; water-borne diseases; soil ... the closure of sewage pumping operations, reduced access to clean water; a reduction in medical supplies and equipment; the ... bringing relief to the Palestinian coastal enclave where a lack of cheap fuel has contributed to the overflow of raw sewage, 21 ...
"SEWAGE IMPROVEMENT". eresources.nlb.gov.sg. Archived from the original on 15 December 2018. Retrieved 12 December 2018. " ...
"Sewage research". National Institute for Public Health and the Environment. 8 August 2020. Retrieved 15 August 2020. Sharif, ... A 2013 study of archived wastewater samples from the Netherlands found viral RNA of Aichivirus A in Dutch sewage samples dating ... Cryanoski, D. (16 July 2018). "China expands surveillance of sewage to police illegal drug use". Nature. Retrieved 23 October ... Wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) (or wastewater-based surveillance or sewage chemical-information mining) is a technique for ...
These are: pollution from sewage, pesticides, agricultural chemicals and industrial effluents from Arani and Kalangi rivers ... pollution from domestic sewage is also being released to the lagoon. A petrochemical complex, power plant and a satellite port ... domestic sewage; effluents and wastes from numerous fish-processing units; oil spills from the mechanized boats. Release of ...
Boren, Cindy (October 16, 2016). "Sewage alert! Oakland Coliseum is flooding again". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 17, ... issues of which include sewage backups and flooding) and after missing out on Los Angeles to the Los Angeles Rams and Los ...
The substances on the reverse list include dredged material; sewage sludge; industrial fish processing waste; vessels and ...
Presence of litter (non-biodegradable plastic waste, ...), untreated sewage, ... -i.e by on tourist locations impacts the ...
... while on the other hand large quantities of untreated sewage are being discharged into the river. The Dead Sea is the largest ... sewage treatment; water-borne diseases; soil degradation; and depletion and contamination of underground water resources. In ...
Israel treats 80% of its sewage (400 billion liters a year), and 100% of the sewage from the Tel Aviv metropolitan area is ... "Sewage Infrastructures." ""EMWIS: Local Water Supply, Sanitation and Sewage - Country Report Israel." November 2005, p. 16, ... Overall, only 2.7% of raw sewage flows into streams and none into the sea. As of 2010, Israel leads the world in the proportion ... To add to the efficiency of the Israeli system - the reclaimed sewage water may be mixed with reclaimed sea water (Plans are in ...
Conception of the sewage As H2S is formed only in anaerobic conditions. Slow flow and long retention time gives more time to ... Sewage pH. It must be included between 5.5 and 9 with an optimum at 7.5-8. Sulfate concentration. Nutrients concentration, ... As a portion of the hydrogen sulfide gas and oxygen gas from the air above the sewage dissolves into these stationary droplets ... For example, sewage flows more rapidly through steeper gradient sewers reducing time available for hydrogen sulfide generation ...
Read how EU rules promote the use of sewage sludge (resulting from waste water) in agriculture, and regulate its use to prevent ... Sewage sludge. Sewage sludge. EU rules promote the use of sewage sludge in agriculture, but regulate its use to prevent harmful ... Sewage sludge is a mud-like residue resulting from wastewater treatment. Sewage sludge contains heavy metals and pathogens such ... Report on organic contaminants in sewage sludge for agriculture use. *Report on the disposal and recycling routes for sewage ...
Main article: Sewage sludge treatment. Sewage sludge treatment is the process of removing contaminants from wastewater. Sewage ... Sewage sludge is the residual, semi-solid material that is produced as a by-product during sewage treatment of industrial or ... "Biosolids" is a term often used in conjunction with reuse of sewage solids after sewage sludge treatment. Biosolids can be ... the predicted sewage sludge growth rate was 10 million tons of sewage sludge per year.[70] This increase in the amount of ...
"Autumn Beach Clean Series Archives • Surfers Against Sewage". Surfers Against Sewage. Retrieved 2017-04-24.. ... "Killing Waves • Surfers Against Sewage". Surfers Against Sewage. 2013-01-22. Retrieved 2017-04-26.. ... "Protect Our Waves • Surfers Against Sewage". Surfers Against Sewage. Retrieved 2017-04-24.. ... "Mission statement and vision • Surfers Against Sewage". Surfers Against Sewage. Retrieved 2017-03-28.. .mw-parser-output cite. ...
Current: Diseases Involving Sewage. Diseases Involving Sewage. The following is a list of diseases caused by sewage or sewage ... Culex mosquitoes prefer to lay their eggs in heavily polluted water such as that contaminated by sewage. These viruses are ...
... Fairfax Participating In Federal Program To Assess Drug Use. By Bill Turque. Washington ... It also is premature, officials said, to conclude that levels of metabolized cocaine in sewage offer a more accurate index of ... The plant, which processes about 67 million gallons of sewage a day, takes in commercial and residential waste from about half ... After allowing for the difference between water from the Po and undiluted sewage, they said that the results were similar. ...
Sewage treatment is a messy but necessary process, and dealing with its end productsconcentrated sludgeis probably the ... Sewage treatment is a messy but necessary process, and dealing with its end products-concentrated sludge-is probably the ...
... inland beaches in Long Beach will be closed until at least this evening following the accidental discharge of untreated sewage ... may have been contaminated when about 2,500 gallons of sewage seeped through a manhole cover onto a residential street and then ... inland beaches in Long Beach will be closed until at least this evening following the accidental discharge of untreated sewage ...
Scientific American is the essential guide to the most awe-inspiring advances in science and technology, explaining how they change our understanding of the world and shape our lives.
Most of us are lucky enough not to have to worry about our sewage. We flush the toilet, it goes away somewhere, and we dont ... While most of sewage systems do a great job of making the water look clean and getting rid of bacteria and viruses, they often ... Most of us are lucky enough not to have to worry about our sewage. We flush the toilet, it goes away somewhere, and we dont ... Sewage-treatment plants in Southern California are failing to remove hormones and hormone-altering chemicals from water that ...
Sewage sludge is the growing and continuous mountain of hazardous waste produced daily by city sewage plants. The sewage sludge ... About Sewage Sludge, SludgeNews.com, Accessed June 18, 2010. *↑ Sewage Sludge Standards Need New Scientific Basis, National ... EPA 2009 Toxic Sewage Sludge Survey. Targeted National Sewage Sludge Survey results are described in two EPA reports published ... 6 Environmental Working Group 1998 Reports on Toxic Sewage Sludge. *7 Scientific Papers and Technical Reviews of Sewage Sludge ...
The project's roughly $40-million first phase, which is expected to be operating by June 2017, would provide sewage ... The projects roughly $40-million first phase, which is expected to be operating by June 2017, would provide sewage treatment ... Malibu approves the first phase of the project to provide sewage treatment for nearly 50 property owners ...
... sustainable way to clean up sewage just as effectively as multimillion-dollar treatment facilities. Designed by Kraig Johnson ... three-foot-tall structures are lined with bacterial biofilm that clean raw sewage. ... Sewage Eating Poo-Gloos Clean Wastewater. Bio-Domes being installed by crane in Jackpot, NV. ... The igloo-shaped devices, officially named Bio-Domes, offer an affordable, sustainable way to clean up sewage just as ...
"ISPs do the equivalent of pumping out raw sewage into your home. You wouldnt expect to have to filter your own water, so why ... MessageLabs: Filtering your email sewage. Behind the Security Lines: In the last part of a special report on security research ...
Scientists are drug-testing whole cities through their sewage systems. Concept: "community urinalysis." Sample required: 1 ...
The main road of 12th Cross in Renga Nagar in Srirangam remains unchanged with sewage water flowing on the road. ... For the last 20 days, The main road of 12th Cross in Renga Nagar in Srirangam remains unchanged with sewage water flowing on ...
The Treatment of Sewage. Br Med J 1897; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.1889.689-b (Published 13 March 1897) Cite this as ...
Approximately 1,200 gallons of raw sewage flowed through the storm system and into the lagoon at 400 Park Ave. The overflow may ... According to the Water Department a sewage line near Eighth Street and Pacific Coast Highway overflowed into the street and ... A sewage spill caused the closure of Colorado Lagoon on Saturday morning. ...
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1) What is sewage sludge?. Sewage sludge is the necessarily hazardous by-product of the treating of wastewater. Wastewater ... 3 3) What is the "land application" of sewage sludge?. *4 4) What are some of the documented hazardous materials in sewage ... 3) What is the "land application" of sewage sludge?. EPA has promoted the "land application" of sewage sludge since 1993 as the ... A 2009 EPA study (Targeted National Sewage Sludge Survey) concluded that all sewage sludge contains toxic and hazardous ...
An independent investigation should be performed to ascertain whether increased wastewater rates have totally been applied to repairs.
Sewage and other sludge materials contain many nutrients that have been captured from a waste stream, as well as organic matter ... MOFGA Position Statement On Sewage Sludge. Updated October 19, 2003. After several months of investigation and discussion, ...
Maine Organic Farmers and Gardeners Association does not sell, rent or lease its customer lists to third parties. Maine Organic Farmers and Gardeners Association may, from time to time, contact you on behalf of external business partners about a particular offering that may be of interest to you. In those cases, your unique personally identifiable information (e-mail, name, address, telephone number) is not transferred to the third party. In addition, Maine Organic Farmers and Gardeners Association may share data with trusted partners to help us perform statistical analysis, send you email or postal mail, provide customer support, or arrange for deliveries. All such third parties are prohibited from using your personal information except to provide these services to Maine Organic Farmers and Gardeners Association, and they are required to maintain the confidentiality of your information ...
A sewage odor typically indicates sewage gas is leaking from your plumbing. (Image: Jupiterimages/Photos.com/Getty Images). A ... This gas typically includes hydrogen sulfide and ammonia, which are extremely toxic, requiring you to address sewage odors ... which must be filled with water to prevent sewage gas from coming up through the drain and entering the home. Every time water ...
Researchers are measuring levels of the coronavirus in untreated sewage to see how much the infection is circulating among ... Similar efforts to analyze sewage for SARS-CoV-2 are happening around the globe. For example, researchers in Paris sampled ... Cite this: Testing Sewage to Gauge Spread of Coronavirus - Medscape - Apr 29, 2020. ... measuring levels of the coronavirus in untreated sewage to see how much the infection is circulating among people. ...
... is not removed or degraded during normal sewage treatment. Consequently, in countries where Tamiflu is used at a high frequency ... "That this substance is so difficult to break down means that it goes right through sewage treatment and out into surrounding ... The Swedish research group also revealed that the level of oseltamivir discharged through sewage outlets in certain countries ... These ducks often forage for food in water near sewage outlets. Here they can potentially encounter oseltamivir in ...
A laboratory investigation of sewage pollution based around a case study. Students analyse for various so-called biomarkers in ... A laboratory investigation of sewage pollution based around a case study. Students analyse for various so-called biomarkers in ... A laboratory investigation of sewage pollution based around a case study. Students analyse for various so-called biomarkers in ...
A sewage lagoon above a small western Kentucky city is seeping through its embankment and is likely to fail, prompting the ... AP) - A sewage lagoon above a small western Kentucky city is seeping through its embankment and is likely to fail, prompting ...
SEWAGE-CONTAMINATED OYSTERS AND MUSSELS. Br Med J 1903; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.2193.107-a (Published 10 January ...
... that highlights innovative green solutions that could stop billions of litres of raw sewage from fouling the Great Lakes each ... which is antiquated infrastructure that carries sewage and stormwater runoff in a single pipe, frequently causing overflows of ... untreated sewage into local waterways during wet weather. , ... Report Highlights Ontario Sewage Woes; Green Solutions. Green ... Simply put, green infrastructure can help get the rain out of the drain and keep raw sewage out of our lakes and rivers." ...
  • The Green Infrastructure Report reveals that at least 89 Ontario municipalities have combined sewer systems, which is antiquated infrastructure that carries sewage and stormwater runoff in a single pipe, frequently causing overflows of untreated sewage into local waterways during wet weather. (commondreams.org)
  • In the absence of government reporting on CSOs, Ecojustice released in 2006 the Great Lakes Sewage Report Card , which revealed more than 90 billion litres of overflows each year from 20 cities alone. (commondreams.org)
  • Simonaire explained to his fellow members of the Senate Education, Health & Environmental Affairs Committee that he introduced the bills out of frustration with regular reports of sewage overflows, sewer line ruptures and wastewater treatment plant malfunctions that he said resulted iln 'hundreds of millions of gallons going into our local water ways. (latimes.com)
  • Sen. Ronald N. Young , a Frederick County Democrat, sympathized, saying from his experience as a local official years ago sewage overflows are caused by weather conditions beyond anyone's control. (latimes.com)
  • Data available online at MDE show there were 1,775 sewage overflows reported last year, including 39 overflows of one million gallons or more. (latimes.com)
  • Hudson River sewage overflows are the culprit, and a new study suggests that stopping water pollution is an untapped strategy to mitigate climate change. (wamc.org)
  • The call comes after the group updated a report analyzing data on reported sewage overflows. (wamc.org)
  • Simmons said this particular 23-year-old pipeline is used to hold extra sewage during overflows or maintenance. (sfgate.com)
  • Officials have said a 2006 Tennessee environmental agency issued an order to the city of Gatlinburg related to sewage system effluent violations and collection system overflows but those situations were resolved and did not involve the treatment plant. (timesfreepress.com)
  • Last year, the EPA says the utility had at least 27 overflows, dumping out more than 446,000 gallons of untreated sewage. (washingtontimes.com)
  • Let's stop combined sewage overflows and stormwater pollution by encouraging the use of green infrastructure solutions at the individual, neighborhood, and city levels. (google.com)
  • Combined sewage overflows, sanitary system overflows, failing wastewater treatment plants, and cracks in pipelines and holding tanks send billions of gallons of untreated sewage and polluted stormwater into the Hudson River and New York Harbor each year. (riverkeeper.org)
  • The amount of sewage sludge produced is proportional to the amount and concentration of wastewater treated, and it also depends on the type of wastewater treatment process used. (wikipedia.org)
  • A survey by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency showed the amount of sewage sludge generated in the United States increased from 8.5 metric tons in 1990 to more than 12 metric tons in 2000. (innovations-report.com)
  • About 200 gallons of untreated sewage spilled into the Arroyo Conejo, causing city officials to post warning signs Tuesday up to one mile downstream. (latimes.com)
  • COLUMBIA, S.C. (AP) - Federal environmental regulators have cited the parent company of a South Carolina utility for spilling hundreds of thousands of gallons of untreated sewage. (washingtontimes.com)
  • The project's roughly $40-million first phase, which is expected to be operating by June 2017, would provide sewage treatment for nearly 50 property owners, including the city itself. (latimes.com)
  • The Ordinance on the Reform of Sewage Sludge Utilisation of 27 September 2017 entered into force on 3 October 2017. (bmu.de)
  • This March 16, 2017 photo shows the sewage pump room at the West Point Treatment Plant in Seattle. (yahoo.com)
  • On 18 January 2017, the Federal Cabinet approved the Ordinance on the Reform of Sewage Sludge Utilisation (the new version of the Sewage Sludge Ordinance). (bmu.de)
  • The plant, which processes about 67 million gallons of sewage a day, takes in commercial and residential waste from about half the county, including Fairfax City, Vienna and Fort Belvoir. (washingtonpost.com)
  • Each day, about 20 million gallons of sewage flows into the city of Tacoma's wastewater treatment plants. (organicconsumers.org)
  • In 2018, a review on the implementation of EU waste legislation (including sewage sludge) was published. (europa.eu)
  • One recent effort banned boats from dumping raw or partially treated sewage. (yahoo.com)
  • As the weakening storm plodded agonizingly slow across the Carolinas on Saturday, emergency officials warned of even more catastrophic flooding, as the deluge killed at least 11, washed partially treated sewage into waterways and left entire communities under water. (insurancejournal.com)
  • This law requires public notification of discharges of raw or partially treated sewage from publicly owned treatment plants and delivery systems. (riverkeeper.org)
  • He expects the study to raise policy debates over upgrading sewage-treatment plants. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Lawmakers and representatives of Maryland's county and municipal governments sparred Tuesday over a pair of bills in Annapolis that would raise the fines for sewage spills which annually dump millions of gallons of untreated waste into local waters and the Chesapeake Bay. (latimes.com)
  • Glassman said stiffer penalties and more publicity of sewage spills seemed only fair when the state is cracking down on septic systems and tightening regulations of farmers. (latimes.com)
  • She and Leslie Knapp of the counties group contended that the state already is plenty aggressive about fining local governments for sewage spills. (latimes.com)
  • According to a fiscal note prepared by the Department of Legislative Services, MDE has become more aggressive since 2009 in fining local governments for sewage spills. (latimes.com)
  • Sewage spills have become a chronic problem in Marin County, where much of the water infrastructure is three decades old or more, and in some cases, made of brittle, orange clay instead of modern materials such as plastic and rubber. (sfgate.com)
  • In fact, so many spills have occurred in the county - two spills from another southern Marin County sewage agency last January dumped more than 3 million gallons of untreated and treated effluent, closing beaches and harming wildlife - that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in April ordered nine Marin County cities and sanitation districts, including Sausalito-Marin City Sanitary, to fix and upgrade decaying sewer pipes. (sfgate.com)
  • In general, sewage spills happen when heavy rains flow into broken pipelines. (sfgate.com)
  • Environmental groups have sued cities and sanitation agencies around the Bay Area for sewage spills they say violate the Clean Water Act. (sfgate.com)
  • Precipitation absorbs gases and particulates from the atmosphere, dissolves and leaches materials from vegetation and soil, suspends matter from the land, washes spills and debris from urban streets and highways, and carries all these pollutants as wastes and may mix it with sewage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Durango has documented 42 sewage spills since 2005 for a total spill of about 317,000 gallons of sewage, or about half the volume of an Olympic-sized swimming pool. (durangoherald.com)
  • In addition to the sewage spills, there was a 3.25 million-gallon spill of potable water in January 2010. (durangoherald.com)
  • A sewage spill caused the closure of Colorado Lagoon on Saturday morning. (redorbit.com)
  • City of Savannah crews responded to a minor sewage spill at East 65th and Abercorn streets on Monday. (savannahnow.com)
  • I don't know of any jurisdiction that has intentional released a big sewage spill,' he said. (latimes.com)
  • Cobb spokesman Ross Cavitt said the county has accepted responsibility for the spill, but can't be held liable for sewage incidents. (ajc.com)
  • The sewage spill is a potential black eye for a region that prides itself on its environmental consciousness. (yahoo.com)
  • The Victoria and Esquimault regions of British Columbia dump 130 million litres of raw sewage a day into the Juan de Fuca Strait, CBC News reported, and municipalities like Montreal and Toronto regularly spill sewage water into their nearby rivers and lakes when heavy rains overflow their sewage systems. (montrealgazette.com)
  • Raw sewage from a Colorado prison complex has seeped into the Arkansas River and officials are still trying to determine the cause of the spill. (governing.com)
  • Because there are no meters to monitor the flow of sewage, the city does not know if there s a spill until somebody actually notices the leak. (durangoherald.com)
  • A 2009 EPA study ( Targeted National Sewage Sludge Survey ) concluded that all sewage sludge contains toxic and hazardous materials, including large numbers of endocrine disruptors. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Targeted National Sewage Sludge Survey results are described in two EPA reports published in 2009. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Biosolids " is a term often used in conjunction with reuse of sewage solids after sewage sludge treatment . (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2009 a major controversy erupted in San Francisco when the Center for Food Safety and the Organic Consumers Association called on the SFPUC to end its give-away of toxic sewage sludge as free "organic biosolids compost" to gardeners. (sourcewatch.org)
  • The word Biosolids is a made-up euphemism for sewage sludge that has no scientific or legal basis. (sourcewatch.org)
  • The Federation also established the "Biosolids Public Acceptance Task Force" whose purpose was to overcome the growing opposition to "land application" of sewage sludge. (sourcewatch.org)
  • If you've never heard of sewage sludge - a term often used interchangeably with biosolids - you're in for a surprise, as this waste product, which is every bit as unappealing as it sounds, is applied to farmland, gardens, schoolyards, lawns and more across the U.S. The food you eat may very well have come from land treated with sewage sludge, which could have implications for human health and the environment. (mercola.com)
  • In the U.S., 54% of sewage sludge biosolids are used for so-called "beneficial" purposes. (mercola.com)
  • They [biosolids] are nutrient-rich organic materials resulting from the treatment of domestic sewage in a treatment facility. (mercola.com)
  • A sewer-line break will lead to the discharge of millions of gallons of raw sewage into the Hudson River. (crainsnewyork.com)
  • The swim portion of the first New York City Ironman triathlon Saturday may be canceled due to a sewer-line break that will lead to the discharge of millions of gallons of raw sewage into the Hudson River. (crainsnewyork.com)
  • The plant is still recovering from a massive equipment failure that crippled operations and caused millions of gallons of raw sewage and untreated runoff to pour into the United States' second largest estuary. (yahoo.com)
  • SEATTLE (AP) - Millions of gallons of raw sewage and untreated runoff have poured into the United States' second-largest estuary since a massive sewage treatment plant experienced equipment failures that forced it to stop fully treating Seattle's waste. (yahoo.com)
  • EU rules on sewage sludge consider the nutrient needs of plants and ensure that the quality of soil, the surface and ground water is not impaired. (europa.eu)
  • United States municipal wastewater treatment plants in 1997 produced about 7.7 million dry tons of sewage sludge, and about 6.8 million dry tons in 1998 according to EPA estimates. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sewage-treatment plants in Southern California are failing to remove hormones and hormone-altering chemicals from water that gets flushed into coastal ocean waters, according to the results of a study released Saturday. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Sewage-treatment plants only remove 50% to 70% of these chemicals," Bay said. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Kidd said sewage plants could remove virtually all estrogen with more advanced forms of treatment. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Sewage sludge is the growing and continuous mountain of hazardous waste produced daily by city sewage plants. (sourcewatch.org)
  • To retrieve the precious water, the sewage is then 'treated,' that is, 'cleaned,' in what are called 'treatment plants. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Wastewater brings to sewage treatment plants all the wastes sent into the sewers from drains and toilets: industrial wastes, hospital wastes, commercial wastes, "human waste," radioactive waste, stormwater runoff, and every other kind of hazardous, toxic, and biological waste material produced in a municipality and carried away from its source via the sewer. (sourcewatch.org)
  • The Task Force received administrative and financial support from the division of the Environmental Protection Agency that finances the construction of sewage treatment plants. (sourcewatch.org)
  • But representatives of the Maryland Association of Counties and the Maryland Municipal League , whose members operate sewage plants, opposed the increases, arguing that such penalties lead to higher taxes or fees for local taxpayers or reduced government services. (latimes.com)
  • Sewage sludge (water containing material separated from waste water via sedimentation) occurs in municipal sewage treatment plants where waste water, in particular from private households and similar facilities, is purified. (bmu.de)
  • The remaining volume is for example used as secondary fuel in power plants and cement works or stored on landfills, which leads to the loss of valuable constituents of the sewage sludge, in particular phosphorus. (bmu.de)
  • Sewage plants clean up messes. (outsidethebeltway.com)
  • From there, waves of rainwater and sewage overpower treatment plants or surge up out of manholes and into storm drains that feed into streams and bays, bringing bacteria, pathogens and industrial chemicals. (sfgate.com)
  • Synerco offers comprehensive project services in power plants using fuels that include biomass, refuse-derived fuel (RDF), coal and sewage sludge. (europa.eu)
  • Our sewage treatment plants are certified to meet IMO MEPC 227(64) guidelines, which will be applicable to new ships from 1 January 2016. (wartsila.com)
  • By evaporating sewage, the small, lightweight ZLD unit eliminates the needs for large holding tanks (freeing up space and making the vehicle lighter), and in turn, reduces the load on sewage treatment plants. (businessinsider.com)
  • Oxfam reports that following the damage to sewage plants, 25,000 cubic meters of raw sewage are spilling into the sea daily - increasing the likelihood of disease caused by poor sanitation. (theecologist.org)
  • The organisation also fears that severe shortages of fuel - a problem at the best of times - will cause cause sewage pumps, sewage treatment plants and and water pumps to be switched off within days. (theecologist.org)
  • The Iowa Department of Natural Resources says torrential rains in northwest Iowa overnight and this morning forced the wastewater treatment plants in several cities to released untreated sewage. (radioiowa.com)
  • The operators of wastewater treatment plants and sewage sludge incineration plants must comply with these requirements starting in 2029 at the latest. (bmu.de)
  • The current practice of soil-related sewage sludge utilisation will only be permitted for sewage sludge from treatment plants with a capacity of less than 100,000 p.e. starting in 2029. (bmu.de)
  • Sewage is the mix of water and whatever wastes from domestic and industrial life are flushed into the sewer. (sourcewatch.org)
  • One of the most common causes for sewer odors in your basement is a dried-out drain trap, which must be filled with water to prevent sewage gas from coming up through the drain and entering the home. (ehow.com)
  • There will be a controlled discharge of several million gallons of chlorinated raw sewage into the Hudson River at Sleepy Hollow overnight due to the sewer break in Tarrytown, N.Y., the Westchester County Department of Health said in a statement. (crainsnewyork.com)
  • Sewage usually travels from a building's plumbing either into a sewer, which will carry it elsewhere, or into an onsite sewage facility (of which there are many kinds). (wikipedia.org)
  • A system of sewer pipes (sewers) collects sewage and takes it for treatment or disposal. (wikipedia.org)
  • We are going to rename it the John Oliver Memorial Sewer Plant," Boughton said in the video while standing in front of the sewage plant. (abcactionnews.com)
  • A piping system to carry sewage wastes from a single building, which terminates with a connection to a public sewer, common sewer lateral, or sewage disposal system. (ecode360.com)
  • A private sewer that collects the sewage discharge of more than one building sewer and conveys it to a public sewer. (ecode360.com)
  • Every time it rains, the combined sewer systems of Washington D.C. and the City of Alexandria dump untreated sewage into the Potomac and Anacostia Rivers. (cleanwateraction.org)
  • Although the District has begun projects designed to prevent raw sewage from entering local waterways and rivers, such as holding tunnels, Alexandria recently missed an opportunity to adopt a modern Long Term Control Plan (LTCP) for its own aging sewer system. (cleanwateraction.org)
  • b) where a public sewer is not within reasonable distance from the boundary of the building lot, or if within reasonable distance, the authority having responsibility does not permit connection to it, a sewage disposal system constructed or installed in accordance with the Act and this regulation. (bclaws.ca)
  • The contract would place the entire responsibility for handling the city's sewage sludge on S&L, an endeavor it has shared with another company, N-Viro, for the past few years. (toledoblade.com)
  • It converts about 70 percent of the city's sewage sludge into fertilizer pellets. (nytimes.com)
  • The soil-related use of sewage sludge in agriculture and landscaping takes place in accordance with the Sewage Sludge Ordinance, which, in addition to provisions laid down for fertilisers, specifies limit values for heavy metal and other pollutant loads in sewage sludge and in soils of plots selected for sewage sludge application. (bmu.de)
  • 3) What is the "land application" of sewage sludge? (sourcewatch.org)
  • EPA has promoted the "land application" of sewage sludge since 1993 as the preferred method for municipal sludge disposal. (sourcewatch.org)
  • The Sewage Sludge Ordinance of 1992 has been amended in order to return the valuable constituents of sewage sludge (phosphorus) to the economic cycle more intensively than has been done up to now with the soil-related application of sewage sludge and at the same time, to restrict conventional soil-related sewage sludge utilisation with a view to further reducing pollutant inputs into the soil. (bmu.de)
  • The ordinance requires that sludge-treated soils be regularly analysed for pollutants and sets out pollutant limits that must not be exceeded in the application of sewage sludge, to ensure unimpaired use of the land. (bmu.de)
  • Sewage can get mixed with surface runoff in combined sewers unless stormwater is collected separately. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sewage is made up of the wastewater from residences and institutions, carrying bodily wastes (primarily feces and urine), washing water, food preparation wastes, laundry wastes, and other waste products of normal living. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sewage in cities also includes the liquid-carried wastes from stores and service establishments serving the immediate community, termed commercial wastes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bad sewage is when the metabolic wastes of our cells get stuck in our system and start backing up like a thick clogged drain and harden like crusted gristle on a pan. (infobarrel.com)
  • The third method of exposing the liquid wastes to the action of the bacteria is used when the available area of the land is limited or if on account of the character of the soil too large an amount of drains would be necessary to handle the sewage to be purified. (iagenweb.org)
  • Set up as a single-issue campaign group in 1990, Surfers Against Sewage led a nationwide campaign for improved water quality. (wikipedia.org)
  • The following is a list of diseases caused by sewage or sewage contaminated water that can occur in the United States. (in.gov)
  • Culex mosquitoes prefer to lay their eggs in heavily polluted water such as that contaminated by sewage. (in.gov)
  • After allowing for the difference between water from the Po and undiluted sewage, they said that the results were similar. (washingtonpost.com)
  • While most of sewage systems do a great job of making the water look clean and getting rid of bacteria and viruses, they often aren't designed to remove synthetic chemicals. With so many of us dependent on daily doses of pharmaceuticals, we're excreting lots of drugs (or their metabolites), and they're sticking around in treated wastewater. (scienceblogs.com)
  • There is now a SourceWatch Portal on Toxic Sludge The sewage sludge industry promotes its product through front groups and stakeholders including Water Environment Federation , US Composting Council , BioCycle magazine, and others. (sourcewatch.org)
  • The water is 'cleaned' in the degree to which the pollutants which had turned the water into sewage are removed by treatment-primary, secondary, or tertiary-and concentrated in the sludge. (sourcewatch.org)
  • We must note that, though the aim of sewage treatment is to produce clean water, it is never to produce 'clean' sludge. (sourcewatch.org)
  • For the last 20 days, The main road of 12th Cross in Renga Nagar in Srirangam remains unchanged with sewage water flowing on the road. (indiatimes.com)
  • According to the Water Department a sewage line near Eighth Street and Pacific Coast Highway overflowed into the street and eventually reached the storm system. (redorbit.com)
  • In 1991, the Water Environment Federation (an association of sewage treatment plant operators, municipal sewage authorities, and commercial sludge haulers) established a "Name Change Task Force" which held a national contest to invent a more appealing name for sewage sludge. (sourcewatch.org)
  • These ducks often forage for food in water near sewage outlets. (eurekalert.org)
  • Citation: Fick J, Lindberg RH, Tysklind M, Haemig PD, Waldenstro¨m J, et al (2007) Antiviral Oseltamivir Is not Removed or Degraded in Normal Sewage Water Treatment: Implications for Development of Resistance by Influenza A Virus. (eurekalert.org)
  • Dr. Luiz Joao Abrahao, who heads Rio's gastroenterologists' association, said that Rio's sewage problem has resulted in endemic levels of water-borne illnesses across his city. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Activated-sludge method , sewage-treatment process in which sludge , the accumulated, bacteria-rich deposits of settling tanks and basins, is seeded into incoming waste water and the mixture agitated for several hours in the presence of an ample air supply. (britannica.com)
  • These stipulations and strict provisions based on water and chemicals legislation have led to municipal sewage sludge pollutant loads having decreased in the case of some heavy metals by more than 90 percent over the last 40 years. (bmu.de)
  • From the Department of Damned-With-Faint-Praise, a group going by the regal-sounding name of the Presidential Memorial Commission of San Francisco is planning to ask voters here to change the name of a prize-winning water treatment plant on the shoreline to the George W. Bush Sewage Plant. (outsidethebeltway.com)
  • A flood of raw sewage has closed a Cobb preschool, and the county water department is taking responsibility for the incident that left teachers without jobs and forced parents to find new child care. (ajc.com)
  • He said the water system determined the sewage overflow was the result of a clog of grease and other debris "not caused by any deficiency in our system. (ajc.com)
  • It's worth noting that while sewage sludge used to be disposed of primarily by burning it or releasing it into the ocean, this practice was banned over concerns that it would pollute the air and water. (mercola.com)
  • Vessel-based sewage discharge delivers increased nutrients and pathogens into the water column. (gbrmpa.gov.au)
  • Landowners and speculators subdivided land (including swampy and tidal areas) into lots, which often had poor access, no safe and sufficient water supply, and no hygienic disposal of waste water and sewage, either on site or through drainpipes. (teara.govt.nz)
  • This tunnel with a length of over 4km will be used to transport sewage water collected from the houses in the area to the next treatment plant called Jagüel. (sika.com)
  • The machine uses excess engine heat to break down sewage from boats, buses, recreational vehicles, trains and airplanes and convert that fluid into clean water vapor. (businessinsider.com)
  • 1-SABATTUS - If Sabattus Sanitary/Water District officials have their way, sewage may soon be bound for Lewiston. (yahoo.com)
  • The sewage treatment plant - Washington state's largest - is only partially treating dirty water that goes down Seattle toilets and washes off roofs and roads before discharging it into Puget Sound. (yahoo.com)
  • Untreated sewage and storm water can be harmful to people and aquatic life because they release chemicals and disease-causing germs. (yahoo.com)
  • A layer of toilet paper combined with raw sewage and salt water from the tidal surge during superstorm Sandy flooded their homes and coated the neighborhood. (newsday.com)
  • Jeffrey Press, his wife and daughter evacuated their home before Sandy and returned to find sewage sludge, fuel and water in the 1,200-square-foot Cape-style house on Barnes Avenue. (newsday.com)
  • Sewage treatment required by the state eliminates viruses, including COVID-19, according to the California Water Boards . (mercurynews.com)
  • There is no other option but to shut down 30 kilometres of the sewage collector pipe and divert one-third of the city's waste water into the river over a week, as was done in 2003 and 2005 with the approval of Environment Canada, the city says. (montrealgazette.com)
  • On Wednesday, TVA reported the city of Longueuil flushed 150 million litres of sewage water into the river last March as part of construction work, with the federal government's consent. (montrealgazette.com)
  • Israel's armed forces have destroyed vital water and sewage infrastructure in their bombing campaign of the besieged territory, writes Mohammed Omer. (theecologist.org)
  • You could argue that clean water and sewage disposal is one of the more important (things local government does), (that) public health trumps public safety, White said. (durangoherald.com)
  • The ordinance also stipulates that sewage sludge application is to be limited and completely prohibited on land used to cultivate fruit and vegetables, permanent grassland and in certain water protection areas. (bmu.de)
  • An agreement between two or more municipalities sharing a water drainage basin, which provides for cooperation and apportioning responsibility for conveyance and treatment of sewage in the water drainage basin. (ecode360.com)
  • 577/75, it is the duty of the owner or occupier of every building to ensure that domestic sewage emanating from the building does not reach the surface of land or discharge into a surface body of fresh water. (bclaws.ca)
  • A flood of raw sewage that ran through a southeast Albuquerque neighborhood Wednesday morning was later was plugged by city crews. (koat.com)
  • 5) Is there any process at the sewage treatment plant that detoxifies and/or removes hazardous materials from the sludge? (sourcewatch.org)
  • Some creative San Francisco bar patrons want to rename a sewage treatment plant after the, um, sitting president. (outsidethebeltway.com)
  • Actually, this sewage treatment plant represents the opposite of everything that Bush has stood for. (outsidethebeltway.com)
  • A southern Marin County sanitation district under federal orders to replace aging infrastructure will have spilled 300,000 gallons of bacteria-laden sewage into San Francisco Bay by noon today after a rupture in a sewage treatment plant pipeline. (sfgate.com)
  • The performance of Masterton's new sewage treatment plant, which is yet to be fully commissioned, came under fire at a Masterton District Council meeting this week with revelations almost all of the treated effluent in the past six months has been pumped into the Ruamahanga River. (nzherald.co.nz)
  • wastewater treatment plant where a wall collapse killed two workers and the partial repair ended a direct flow of sewage into a Great Smoky Mountains National Park river, officials said Thursday. (timesfreepress.com)
  • The Wärtsilä Super Trident sewage treatment plant is the cost-effective and safe answer to disposing of waste at sea, maintaining the quality of the world's oceans. (wartsila.com)
  • According to district trustee Jeff Baril, the treatment plant was constructed in 1980 and upgrades have been made since, but it can no longer manage sewage treatment to the specifications required by the Department of Environmental Protection. (yahoo.com)
  • Storm surges overwhelmed low-lying areas, knocked out power to most of Long Island and inundated the Bay Park Sewage Treatment Plant in East Rockaway , which serves about 40 percent of Nassau County customers. (newsday.com)
  • Shown are digestor tanks at the Bay Park Sewage Treatment Plant in East Rockaway. (newsday.com)
  • DANBURY, Conn. (AP) - A Connecticut town's officials are showing comedian John Oliver what they think about his expletive-filled rant about their city - they're naming the local sewage treatment plant after him. (abcactionnews.com)
  • The Surry County Board of Supervisors Thursday narrowly approved a special permit that would allow a hotly debated sewage-treatment plant to be located behind the county's L.P. Jackson Middle School. (dailypress.com)
  • The city regularly dumped raw sewage into the river as late as 1958, when Durango s first wastewater-treatment plant opened. (durangoherald.com)
  • The restrictions had been put into place after a mechanical failure at Southern Water's sewage pumping station at Foreness Point allowed untreated sewage to be discharged off the coast. (itv.com)
  • Sewage is treated by removing solids before it is expelled. (news24.com)
  • These separated processed solids - sewage sludge - contain numerous known and unknown hazardous materials. (mercola.com)
  • The obligation to recover phosphorous applies when sewage sludge has a phosphorous content of 20 grams or more per kilogram of dry solids. (bmu.de)
  • Sewage sludge with low phosphorus content (less than 20 grams of phosphorus per kilogram of dry solids) is exempt from the recovery obligation. (bmu.de)
  • One of the main and most persistent problems that occur in sewage pumping installations is the presence of solids. (environmental-expert.com)
  • [4] As of 2004, about 60% of all sewage sludge was applied to land as a soil amendment and fertilizer for growing crops. (wikipedia.org)
  • While it's true that sewage sludge contains similar ingredients to synthetic fertilizer , such as nitrogen and phosphorus, it also contains countless other pollutants that are byproducts of modern-day life. (mercola.com)
  • In a study conducted in Florida from 1997 to 2000 and published in the November/December 2002 issue of Agronomy Journal, scientists from the University of Florida's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences compared the effects of different kinds of sewage sludge versus commonly used synthetic nitrogen fertilizer on the forage crop bahiagrass. (innovations-report.com)
  • Britain's waterways are 'dumping grounds for sewage' according to WWF. (itv.com)
  • We must stop using our precious waterways as dumping grounds for sewage and farm pollution. (itv.com)
  • The City of Alexandria is dumping raw sewage into our waterways - and has been for more than 40 years. (cleanwateraction.org)
  • Now, after over a century of neglect, it is undersized and outdated, and has led to raw sewage flowing into the city's waterways and flooding residents' basements . (cleanwateraction.org)
  • Now, researchers in places as far-flung as Montana, Paris, and the Netherlands are using a proxy: measuring levels of the coronavirus in untreated sewage to see how much the infection is circulating among people. (medscape.com)
  • How Sewage Could Reveal True Nature of Coronavirus Outbreak. (medscape.com)
  • EU rules promote the use of sewage sludge in agriculture, but regulate its use to prevent harmful effects on soil, vegetation, animals and people. (europa.eu)
  • [2] In 2002, the National Research Council found that the " U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 's standards that govern using treated sewage sludge on soil are based on outdated science. (sourcewatch.org)
  • Sewage and other sludge materials contain many nutrients that have been captured from a waste stream, as well as organic matter that would increase soil tilth. (mofga.org)
  • Its value for soil improvement depends on the method used for treating the sewage. (britannica.com)
  • EU wide sewage sludge recovery is carried out in accordance with Council Directive 86/278/EEC of 12 June 1986 on the protection of the environment, and in particular of the soil, when sewage sludge is used in agriculture. (bmu.de)
  • Soil-Concept has developed a range of innovative ways to deal with the problem of sewage sludge. (europa.eu)
  • The new ordinance tightens the existing requirements for soil-related sewage sludge utilisation and extends its scope of application to include landscaping measures. (bmu.de)
  • In addition, the ordinance opens the possibility for soil-related sewage sludge utilisation on the basis of voluntary quality control that supplements regulatory supervision. (bmu.de)
  • The amendment will also significantly limit the conventional soil-related utilisation of sewage sludge with a view to further reducing pollutant inputs into the soil. (bmu.de)
  • Adjei added, "While we did observe negligible traces of heavy metals in crops, groundwater, and soil regardless of how the crops were fertilized, this was not significant nor surprising given Florida's small industrial base and its successful efforts to prevent industrial sources of metals from contaminating sewage. (innovations-report.com)
  • The area required depends upon the character of the soil and the amount of sewage to be purified. (iagenweb.org)
  • The organic matter of sewage is measured by determining its biological oxygen demand (BOD) or the chemical oxygen demand (COD). (wikipedia.org)
  • Sewage also contains organic matter that can cause odor and attract flies. (wikipedia.org)
  • The very same company that has contaminated "organic" school gardens in Los Angeles with sewage sludge. (organicconsumers.org)
  • To put this all in perspective, using Meerburg's system, roughly 55 percent of the organic matter can be recovered from sewage, compared to 20 to 30 percent using current methods. (yahoo.com)
  • The end result of ENERCOM was to be a new, safe, environmentally friendly and cost-effective way to dispose of sewage sludge while maximising energy output and reducing greenhouse gases. (europa.eu)
  • We have completely stopped the discharge of sewage into the river," Nelson said. (timesfreepress.com)
  • Simply put, green infrastructure can help get the rain out of the drain and keep raw sewage out of our lakes and rivers. (commondreams.org)
  • In common English usage, and in American technical and professional English usage, "sewerage" refers to the infrastructure that conveys sewage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Controversy over Montreal's plan to dump 8 billion litres of untreated sewage waste into the St. Lawrence next week to carry out infrastructure work continues to swirl, and gain international attention. (montrealgazette.com)
  • The Green Point outfall discharges sewage 1.7 km out to sea at a depth of 30 metres. (news24.com)
  • Sewage discharges must comply with regulations administered by the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority and Queensland coastal waters requirements. (gbrmpa.gov.au)
  • However, wastewater that result from industrial processes such as the production or manufacture of goods are classed as industrial wastewater, not as sewage and is usually collected and treated or pre-treated separately. (wikipedia.org)
  • An air diffuser or membrane diffuser is an aeration device typically in the shape of a disc, tube or plate, which is used to transfer air and with that oxygen into the sewage or industrial wastewater. (wikipedia.org)
  • Last week, I wrote to Monterey Bay Aquarium, informing them that Kellogg Garden Products sells compost made with sewage sludge, with the slogan "Quality organics since 1925" on the label. (organicconsumers.org)
  • Kentucky Homeowner's Manual for Onsite Sewage Disposal System - Click here for the manual. (louisvilleky.gov)
  • 2) This regulation applies to every sewage disposal system except a system to which the Waste Management Act or its regulation applies. (bclaws.ca)
  • "treatment capacity" means the quantity of domestic sewage in litres that can be satisfactorily processed in 24 hours on a sustained basis with due consideration given to the interval during which the sewage is generated. (bclaws.ca)
  • In 2016, only about a third of the total of circa 1.8 million tonnes of municipal sewage sludge (dry weight) was used for fertilisation purposes in agriculture and landscaping. (bmu.de)
  • More recently, Surfers Against Sewage have turned their attention to battling the new sewage - plastic pollution . (wikipedia.org)
  • A laboratory investigation of sewage pollution based around a case study. (rsc.org)
  • A student guide for the sewage pollution case study. (rsc.org)
  • The purpose of this chapter is to encourage owners, operators and users of sewage disposal systems to institute pollution prevention programs and practice pollution prevention to the extent possible. (ecode360.com)
  • Still, one of the major sources of pollution in the Hudson continues to be dumped in the river at alarming rates - sewage. (riverkeeper.org)
  • In 2012 Riverkeeper lead the charge to pass the New York State Sewage Pollution Right to Know Law. (riverkeeper.org)
  • Sewage sludge contains heavy metals and pathogens such as viruses and bacteria. (europa.eu)
  • [8] Pathogens could easily remain undetected in untreated sewage sludge. (wikipedia.org)
  • [9] Pathogens are not a significant health issue if sewage sludge is properly treated and site-specific management practices are followed. (wikipedia.org)
  • TORONTO - An investigative report was released today by Ecojustice (formerly Sierra Legal Defence Fund) that highlights innovative green solutions that could stop billions of litres of raw sewage from fouling the Great Lakes each year. (commondreams.org)
  • Montreal Mayor Denis Coderre wants to take a big dump in the Saint Lawrence River… eight billion litres of untreated sewage, October 18, 2015," reads the Facebook page of environmental activist and subject of the movie bearing her name, Erin Brockovich" in a post published Tuesday night. (montrealgazette.com)
  • About 300,000 gallons of raw sewage leaked into the Animas River in July 2011. (durangoherald.com)
  • Designed by Kraig Johnson of Wastewater Compliance Systems , the six-foot-wide, five-foot-tall structures are lined with bacterial biofilm that cleans raw sewage. (inhabitat.com)
  • Scientists are drug-testing whole cities through their sewage systems. (slate.com)
  • FOUR TAMPA BAY area cities could be required to spend millions of dollars to upgrade sewage treatment systems under legislation passed Thursday by the Senate. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • DER officials say many sewage systems in the Tampa Bay area are able to meet the advanced requirements, but Dunedin, Tarpon Springs, Clearwater and Bradenton probably would have to upgrade to meet them. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • But if you have 50,000 people in a community, you may be able to determine the prevalence by testing the wastewater," said Sunny Jiang, a microbiologist leading a pilot project at UC Irvine to identify COVID-19 in sewage systems. (mercurynews.com)
  • In reviewing the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) management of sewage sludge disposal systems in the Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York-New Jersey areas, a potentially hazardous situation was identified. (gao.gov)
  • The following Environmental Fees set by the Louisville Metro Board of Health for the installation and maintenance of on-site sewage systems will be effective: October 1, 2000. (louisvilleky.gov)
  • Onsite Regulation - Click here for Kentucky requirements for onsite sewage systems. (louisvilleky.gov)
  • NOMADIC™'s AGBR® mobile sewage treatment systems utilize fixed activated sludge treatment (FAST®) to provide a complete and versatile sewage treatment systems. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Whenever a lot is used for a multiple-family dwelling or for commercial, institutional or industrial purposes, the lot shall be deemed to have been subdivided into an equivalent number of single-family residential lots as determined by estimated sewage flows. (ecode360.com)
  • The Sewage Sludge Ordinance of 15 April 1992 has been in effect to date and supplements provisions of the Fertiliser Ordinance ( Düngemittelverordnung - DüMV). (bmu.de)
  • The Coalition Agreement for the 18th legislative period calls for sewage sludge to be used for the recovery of phosphorus and other nutrients and for the end of its use as a fertiliser. (bmu.de)
  • Every waste produced in our society that can be got rid of down toilets and drains and that can also be got out of the sewage by a given treatment process will be in the sludge. (sourcewatch.org)
  • The permit was as a result of a shift in national government regulation rather than changes to the City's waste management, Sonnenberg has explained ("Sewage nothing new", People's Post, 16 June). (news24.com)
  • Since 1 June 2005, landfilling of sewage sludge is only allowed after pre-treatment in an incineration plant or after mechanical-biological waste treatment. (bmu.de)
  • The purpose of this €5.2 million project, with funding from the Seventh Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development (FP7), was to develop a process in which multiple energy products would be created from sewage sludge and green waste. (europa.eu)
  • It used to be you could sit outside and chat with your neighbors,'' said Teresa Torres, who has lived 28 years in the neighborhood, now a hub of waste transfer stations and sewage treatment. (nytimes.com)
  • The objective was to use waste energy to eliminate sewage. (businessinsider.com)
  • He says the sewage is usually extremely dilute, and while it still has all the organisms of regular sewage, it's diluted as far as its waste strength. (radioiowa.com)
  • Sewage sludge has the potential to boost production for certain crops while addressing the increase in the amount of waste and the growing scarcity of landfills, according to scientists at the University of Florida. (innovations-report.com)
  • Sewage sludge is a dangerous solid waste product that is spread on farm fields - and CELDF has assisted the first communities in the U.S. to ban it. (celdf.org)
  • The process itself is based on an upgrade of existing sewage treatment processes called the " contact-stabilization process . (yahoo.com)
  • Approximately 1,200 gallons of raw sewage flowed through the storm system and into the lagoon at 400 Park Ave. The overflow may have been due to a grease plug in the line. (redorbit.com)
  • Namon Nassef, inventor of the Zero Liquid Discharge Sewage Elimination System. (businessinsider.com)
  • Officials are considering the idea, after learning they would need to spend $12 million to upgrade the sewage treatment system. (yahoo.com)
  • There are several examples of using sewage as an alert system for viral outbreaks, the best known being Israel's poliovirus epidemic of 2013. (mercurynews.com)
  • But it's robust system for testing sewage resulted in an early detection of the poliovirus and "allowed rapid mobilization of a vaccine campaign" before any paralysis occurred in the population, according to a study published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences . (mercurynews.com)
  • The sewage system is also a target, with Israeli warplanes targeting sewage treatment stations in West Gaza City early on Saturday. (theecologist.org)
  • The team has previously tracked norovirus through the sewage system. (bbc.co.uk)
  • Utilizing the latest in BioBarrier Membrane Biological Reactor (MBR) technology, NOMADIC has designed a mobile sewage treatment system that produces high quality effluent safe for discharge into groundwater, or for secondary uses. (environmental-expert.com)
  • In general American English usage, the terms "sewage" and "sewerage" mean the same thing. (wikipedia.org)
  • It's not only legal but routine to grow food on sewage sludge-treated land, even though the sludge, by definition, can contain any number of toxic chemicals that may not be removed via treatment. (mercola.com)
  • Sewage also contains environmental persistent pharmaceutical pollutants. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ordinance regulates pollutants in the use of sewage sludge for fertilising agricultural soils. (bmu.de)
  • Desiccation cracks in dried sludge, the hard final remains from a sewage plant . (wikipedia.org)
  • Officials have said the plant typically treats about 2 million gallons of wastewater daily and sewage was sent straight into the river for about 34 hours while the plant was shut down. (timesfreepress.com)
  • The tank is used as means of temporary storage before the sewage can be dumped at a municipal plant. (businessinsider.com)
  • Early estimates are sewage could be shipped to Lewiston for treatment at roughly half the cost of upgrading the plant. (yahoo.com)
  • They note that raw sewage has not flowed from the plant since Feb. 16. (yahoo.com)
  • Linda Peters, who lives near the plant, said she runs in the area twice a week and can still smell the sewage. (yahoo.com)
  • Red tide and other marine algae blooms caused by sewage outfalls are on the rise ["Sewage plant improved," News, Aug. 1]. (newsday.com)