Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
A disease or state in which death is possible or imminent.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Coordinate set of non-specific behavioral responses to non-psychiatric illness. These may include loss of APPETITE or LIBIDO; disinterest in ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING; or withdrawal from social interaction.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
An expression of the number of mitoses found in a stated number of cells.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A numerical system of measuring the rate of BLOOD GLUCOSE generation from a particular food item as compared to a reference item, such as glucose = 100. Foods with higher glycemic index numbers create greater blood sugar swings.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Set of expectations that exempt persons from responsibility for their illness and exempt them from usual responsibilities.
Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.
A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Persons with psychiatric illnesses or diseases, particularly psychotic and severe mood disorders.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
A catarrhal disorder of the upper respiratory tract, which may be viral or a mixed infection. It generally involves a runny nose, nasal congestion, and sneezing.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
An oversimplified perception or conception especially of persons, social groups, etc.
Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.
An acronym for Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, a scoring system using routinely collected data and providing an accurate, objective description for a broad range of intensive care unit admissions, measuring severity of illness in critically ill patients.
A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
An acute or prolonged illness usually considered to be life-threatening or with the threat of serious residual disability. Treatment may be radical and is frequently costly.
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.
A person's view of himself.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Health care provided to a critically ill patient during a medical emergency or crisis.
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
Advanced and highly specialized care provided to medical or surgical patients whose conditions are life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring. It is usually administered in specially equipped units of a health care facility.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
The process of accepting patients. The concept includes patients accepted for medical and nursing care in a hospital or other health care institution.
Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Glucose in blood.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
Agents that control agitated psychotic behavior, alleviate acute psychotic states, reduce psychotic symptoms, and exert a quieting effect. They are used in SCHIZOPHRENIA; senile dementia; transient psychosis following surgery; or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; etc. These drugs are often referred to as neuroleptics alluding to the tendency to produce neurological side effects, but not all antipsychotics are likely to produce such effects. Many of these drugs may also be effective against nausea, emesis, and pruritus.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
A syndrome characterized by persistent or recurrent fatigue, diffuse musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbances, and subjective cognitive impairment of 6 months duration or longer. Symptoms are not caused by ongoing exertion; are not relieved by rest; and result in a substantial reduction of previous levels of occupational, educational, social, or personal activities. Minor alterations of immune, neuroendocrine, and autonomic function may be associated with this syndrome. There is also considerable overlap between this condition and FIBROMYALGIA. (From Semin Neurol 1998;18(2):237-42; Ann Intern Med 1994 Dec 15;121(12): 953-9)
Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.
Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Persons with an incurable or irreversible illness at the end stage that will result in death within a short time. (From O'Leary et al., Lexikon: Dictionary of Health Care Terms, Organizations, and Acronyms for the Era of Reform, 1994, p780)
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
"Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
A general term for diseases produced by viruses.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
Organized services to provide mental health care.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.
The degree of closeness or acceptance an individual or group feels toward another individual or group.
Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)
Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.
Female parents, human or animal.
Persons who receive ambulatory care at an outpatient department or clinic without room and board being provided.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Unexplained symptoms reported by veterans of the Persian Gulf War with Iraq in 1991. The symptoms reported include fatigue, skin rash, muscle and joint pain, headaches, loss of memory, shortness of breath, gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms, and extreme sensitivity to commonly occurring chemicals. (Nature 1994 May 5;369(6475):8)
A polysymptomatic condition believed by clinical ecologists to result from immune dysregulation induced by common foods, allergens, and chemicals, resulting in various physical and mental disorders. The medical community has remained largely skeptical of the existence of this "disease", given the plethora of symptoms attributed to environmental illness, the lack of reproducible laboratory abnormalities, and the use of unproven therapies to treat the condition. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
A chronic systemic disease, primarily of the joints, marked by inflammatory changes in the synovial membranes and articular structures, widespread fibrinoid degeneration of the collagen fibers in mesenchymal tissues, and by atrophy and rarefaction of bony structures. Etiology is unknown, but autoimmune mechanisms have been implicated.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)
A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.

Paediatric, invasive pneumococcal disease in Switzerland, 1985-1994. Swiss Pneumococcal Study Group. (1/30167)

BACKGROUND: Cost effective use of new vaccines against pneumococcal disease in children requires detailed information about the local epidemiology of pneumococcal infections. METHODS: Data on 393 culture-confirmed cases of invasive pneumococcal infection in children (<17 years) hospitalized in Swiss paediatric clinics were collected retrospectively for the years 1985-1994. RESULTS: Meningitis (42%) was most frequent, followed by pneumonia (28%) and bacteraemia (26%). The overall annual incidence was 2.7 cases per 100000 children <17 years old and 11 cases per 100000 children <2 years old. Annual incidence rates were stable over the study period. Lethality was high for meningitis (8.6%) and bacteraemia (8.9%). A history of basal skull fracture was reported in 3.3% of children with pneumococcal meningitis. Residence in a rural region was associated with an increased risk of pneumococcal infection (relative risk = 1.45, 95% confidence interval: 1.01-2.00). CONCLUSIONS: Paediatric, invasive pneumococcal disease seems to be less frequent in Switzerland than in other European and non-European countries. This may be due to differences in diagnostic strategies and lower frequency of risk factors such as the use of day care. Children with a history of basal skull fracture are at increased risk for pneumococcal meningitis. Further investigation of the association of invasive pneumococcal infection with rural residence and the use of antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infections might give new insight into the dynamics of Streptococcus pneumoniae infection and the development of antibiotic resistance.  (+info)

Dose-loading with hydroxychloroquine improves the rate of response in early, active rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized, double-blind six-week trial with eighteen-week extension. (2/30167)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the usefulness of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) dose-loading to increase the percentage of responders or rate of response in treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Two hundred twelve patients with early RA (mean duration 1.5 years) were enrolled in a 24-week trial. Patients were stabilized with 1,000 mg naproxen/day and then began a 6-week, double-blind trial comparing treatment with HCQ at 400 mg/day (n = 71), 800 mg/day (n = 71), and 1,200 mg/day (n = 66), followed by 18 weeks of open-label HCQ treatment at 400 mg/day. RESULTS: All patients had mild, active disease at the time of initiation of HCQ treatment (31-43% rheumatoid factor positive; no previous disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs; mean swollen joint count 8.6-10.4). Based on the Paulus criteria, response during the 6-week double-blind portion of the study was 47.97%, 57.7%, and 63.6% in the 400 mg/day, 800 mg/day, and 1,200 mg/day groups, respectively (P = 0.052). Discontinuations for adverse events were dose related (3 in the 400 mg/day group, 5 in the 800 mg/day group, 6 in the 1,200 mg/day group). Most involved the gastrointestinal (GI) system, with the background naproxen treatment possibly contributing. Ocular abnormalities occurred in 17 of 212 patients (8%) but were not dose related. CONCLUSION: Dose-loading with HCQ increased the degree of response at 6 weeks in this group of patients with early, predominantly seronegative RA. Adverse GI events were dose related, while adverse ocular events were not.  (+info)

Genetic influences on cervical and lumbar disc degeneration: a magnetic resonance imaging study in twins. (3/30167)

OBJECTIVE: Degenerative intervertebral disc disease is common; however, the importance of genetic factors is unknown. This study sought to determine the extent of genetic influences on disc degeneration by classic twin study methods using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: We compared MRI features of degenerative disc disease in the cervical and lumbar spine of 172 monozygotic and 154 dizygotic twins (mean age 51.7 and 54.4, respectively) who were unselected for back pain or disc disease. An overall score for disc degeneration was calculated as the sum of the grades for disc height, bulge, osteophytosis, and signal intensity at each level. A "severe disease" score (excluding minor grades) and an "extent of disease" score (number of levels affected) were also calculated. RESULTS: For the overall score, heritability was 74% (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 64-81%) at the lumbar spine and 73% (95% CI 64-80%) at the cervical spine. For "severe disease," heritability was 64% and 79% at the lumbar and cervical spine, respectively, and for "extent of disease," heritability was 63% and 63%, respectively. These results were adjusted for age, weight, height, smoking, occupational manual work, and exercise. Examination of individual features revealed that disc height and bulge were highly heritable at both sites, and osteophytes were heritable in the lumbar spine. CONCLUSION: These results suggest an important genetic influence on variation in intervertebral disc degeneration. However, variation in disc signal is largely influenced by environmental factors shared by twins. The use of MRI scans to determine the phenotype in family and population studies should allow a better understanding of disease mechanisms and the identification of the genes involved.  (+info)

Validation of the Rockall risk scoring system in upper gastrointestinal bleeding. (4/30167)

BACKGROUND: Several scoring systems have been developed to predict the risk of rebleeding or death in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). These risk scoring systems have not been validated in a new patient population outside the clinical context of the original study. AIMS: To assess internal and external validity of a simple risk scoring system recently developed by Rockall and coworkers. METHODS: Calibration and discrimination were assessed as measures of validity of the scoring system. Internal validity was assessed using an independent, but similar patient sample studied by Rockall and coworkers, after developing the scoring system (Rockall's validation sample). External validity was assessed using patients admitted to several hospitals in Amsterdam (Vreeburg's validation sample). Calibration was evaluated by a chi2 goodness of fit test, and discrimination was evaluated by calculating the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: Calibration indicated a poor fit in both validation samples for the prediction of rebleeding (p<0.0001, Vreeburg; p=0.007, Rockall), but a better fit for the prediction of mortality in both validation samples (p=0.2, Vreeburg; p=0.3, Rockall). The areas under the ROC curves were rather low in both validation samples for the prediction of rebleeding (0.61, Vreeburg; 0.70, Rockall), but higher for the prediction of mortality (0.73, Vreeburg; 0.81, Rockall). CONCLUSIONS: The risk scoring system developed by Rockall and coworkers is a clinically useful scoring system for stratifying patients with acute UGIB into high and low risk categories for mortality. For the prediction of rebleeding, however, the performance of this scoring system was unsatisfactory.  (+info)

Loss of heterozygosity (LOH), malignancy grade and clonality in microdissected prostate cancer. (5/30167)

The aim of the present study was to find out whether increasing malignancy of prostate carcinoma correlates with an overall increase of loss of heterozygosity (LOH), and whether LOH typing of microdissected tumour areas can help to distinguish between multifocal or clonal tumour development. In 47 carcinomas analysed at 25 chromosomal loci, the overall LOH rate was found to be significantly lower in grade 1 areas (2.2%) compared with grade 2 (9.4%) and grade 3 areas (8.3%, P = 0.007). A similar tendency was found for the mean fractional allele loss (FAL, 0.043 for grade 1, 0.2 for grade 2 and 0.23 for grade 3, P = 0.0004). Of 20 tumours (65%) with LOH in several microdissected areas, 13 had identical losses at 1-4 loci within two or three areas, suggesting clonal development of these areas. Markers near RB, DCC, BBC1, TP53 and at D13S325 (13q21-22) showed higher loss rates in grades 2 and 3 (between 25% and 44.4%) compared with grade 1 (0-6.6%). Tumour-suppressor genes (TSGs) near these loci might, thus, be important for tumour progression. TP53 mutations were detected in 27%, but BBC1 mutations in only 7%, of samples with LOH. Evaluation of all 25 loci in every tumour made evident that each prostate cancer has its own pattern of allelic losses.  (+info)

Incidence and duration of hospitalizations among persons with AIDS: an event history approach. (6/30167)

OBJECTIVE: To analyze hospitalization patterns of persons with AIDS (PWAs) in a multi-state/multi-episode continuous time duration framework. DATA SOURCES: PWAs on Medicaid identified through a match between the state's AIDS Registry and Medicaid eligibility files; hospital admission and discharge dates identified through Medicaid claims. STUDY DESIGN: Using a Weibull event history framework, we model the hazard of transition between hospitalized and community spells, incorporating the competing risk of death in each of these states. Simulations are used to translate these parameters into readily interpretable estimates of length of stay, the probability that a hospitalization will end in death, and the probability that a nonhospitalized person will be hospitalized within 90 days. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In multivariate analyses, participation in a Medicaid waiver program offering case management and home care was associated with hospital stays 1.3 days shorter than for nonparticipants. African American race and Hispanic ethnicity were associated with hospital stays 1.2 days and 1.0 day longer than for non-Hispanic whites; African Americans also experienced more frequent hospital admissions. Residents of the high-HIV-prevalence area of the state had more frequent admissions and stays two days longer than those residing elsewhere in the state. Older PWAs experienced less frequent hospital admissions but longer stays, with hospitalizations of 55-year-olds lasting 8.25 days longer than those of 25-year-olds. CONCLUSIONS: Much socioeconomic and geographic variability exists both in the incidence and in the duration of hospitalization among persons with AIDS in New Jersey. Event history analysis provides a useful statistical framework for analysis of these variations, deals appropriately with data in which duration of observation varies from individual to individual, and permits the competing risk of death to be incorporated into the model. Transition models of this type have broad applicability in modeling the risk and duration of hospitalization in chronic illnesses.  (+info)

Natural history of dysplasia of the uterine cervix. (7/30167)

BACKGROUND: A historical cohort of Toronto (Ontario, Canada) women whose Pap smear histories were recorded at a major cytopathology laboratory provided the opportunity to study progression and regression of cervical dysplasia in an era (1962-1980) during which cervical squamous lesions were managed conservatively. METHODS: Actuarial and Cox's survival analyses were used to estimate the rates and relative risks of progression and regression of mild (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 1 [CIN1]) and moderate (CIN2) dysplasias. In addition, more than 17,000 women with a history of Pap smears between 1970 and 1980 inclusive and who were diagnosed as having mild, moderate, or severe dysplasia were linked to the Ontario Cancer Registry for the outcome of any subsequent cervical cancers occurring through 1989. RESULTS: Both mild and moderate dysplasias were more likely to regress than to progress. The risk of progression from mild to severe dysplasia or worse was only 1% per year, but the risk of progression from moderate dysplasia was 16% within 2 years and 25% within 5 years. Most of the excess risk of cervical cancer for severe and moderate dysplasias occurred within 2 years of the initial dysplastic smear. After 2 years, in comparison with mild dysplasia, the relative risks for progression from severe or moderate dysplasia to cervical cancer in situ or worse was 4.2 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.0-5.7) and 2.5 (95% CI = 2.2-3.0), respectively. CONCLUSION: The risk of progression for moderate dysplasia was intermediate between the risks for mild and severe dysplasia; thus, the moderate category may represent a clinically useful distinction. The majority of untreated mild dysplasias were recorded as regressing to yield a normal smear within 2 years.  (+info)

Plasma-soluble CD30 in childhood tuberculosis: effects of disease severity, nutritional status, and vitamin A therapy. (8/30167)

Plasma-soluble CD30 (sCD30) is the result of proteolytic splicing from the membrane-bound form of CD30, a putative marker of type 2 cytokine-producing cells. We measured sCD30 levels in children with tuberculosis, a disease characterized by prominent type 1 lymphocyte cytokine responses. We postulated that disease severity and nutritional status would alter cytokine responses and therefore sCD30 levels. Samples from South African children enrolled prospectively at the time of diagnosis of tuberculosis were analyzed. (Patients were originally enrolled in a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study of the effects of oral vitamin A supplementation on prognosis of tuberculosis.) Plasma samples collected at the time of diagnosis and 6 and 12 weeks later (during antituberculosis therapy) were analyzed. sCD30 levels were measured by enzyme immunoassay. The 91 children included in the study demonstrated high levels of sCD30 at diagnosis (median, 98 U/liter; range, 11 to 1,569 U/liter). Although there was a trend toward higher sCD30 levels in more severe disease (e.g., culture-positive disease or miliary disease), this was not statistically significant. Significantly higher sCD30 levels were demonstrated in the presence of nutritional compromise: the sCD30 level was higher in patients with a weight below the third percentile for age, in those with clinical signs of kwashiorkor, and in those with a low hemoglobin content. There was minimal change in the sCD30 level after 12 weeks of therapy, even though patients improved clinically. However, changes in sCD30 after 12 weeks differed significantly when 46 patients (51%) who received vitamin A were compared with those who had received a placebo. Vitamin A-supplemented children demonstrated a mean (+/- standard error of the mean) decrease in sCD30 by a factor of 0.99 +/- 0.02 over 12 weeks, whereas a factor increase of 1.05 +/- 0.02 was demonstrated in the placebo group (P = 0.02). We conclude that children with tuberculosis had high sCD30 levels, which may reflect the presence of a type 2 cytokine response. Nutritional compromise was associated with higher sCD30 levels. Vitamin A therapy resulted in modulation of sCD30 levels over time.  (+info)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Nursing critical patient severity classification system predicts outcomes in patients admitted to surgical intensive care units: Use of data from clinical data repository. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Genetic alteration of laboratory rodents may affect their welfare. In compliance with EU Directive 2010/63, potentially harmful phenotypes must be characterised and their effects reduced to what is strictly necessary for the experiment.. These guidelines have been published in Laboratory Animals. In addition to background information on severity classification, they include examples of the classification of the symptoms in a range of disorders: lethal factors, behavioural disorders, alterations of the skin and coat, diseases of the sensory organs, neurological diseases, diseases of the immune system, cardiovascular and haematological diseases, diseases of the respiratory tract, metabolic diseases, reproductive diseases, cancer, renal diseases and alterations of the locomotor system ...
To investigate the effects of the autonomic nervous system on control of breathing, the neuromuscular (mouth occlusion pressure at 0.1 s after onset of inspiration [P0.1]) and ventilatory (minute ventilation [VE]) response to progressive hyperoxic hypercapnia was assessed in diabetic patients with a …
Objective To develop a disease activity index for patients with primary Sjögrens syndrome (SS): the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Sjögrens syndrome disease activity index (ESSDAI).. Methods Thirty-nine SS experts participated in an international collaboration, promoted by EULAR, to develop the ESSDAI. Experts identified 12 organ-specific domains contributing to disease activity. For each domain, features of disease activity were classified in three or four levels according to their severity. Data abstracted from 96 patients with systemic complications of primary SS were used to generate 702 realistic vignettes for which all possible systemic complications were represented. Using the 0-10 physician global assessment (PhGA) scale, each expert scored the disease activity of five patient profiles and 20 realistic vignettes. Multiple regression modelling, with PhGA used as the dependent variable, was used to estimate the weight of each domain.. Results All 12 domains were ...
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These findings suggest that the C-SSRS is suitable for assessment of suicidal ideation and behavior in clinical and research settings.
Microsoft Research & Defense published a risk assessment matrix for the August 2010, security updates.. According to Microsoft security engineers, eight of the patched vulnerabilities have a maximum severity rating of Critical with the other six having a maximum severity rating of Important. Furthermore, six of the fourteen bulletins either do not affect the latest version of Microsoft products or affect them with reduced severity.. Visit Microsoft risk assessment matrix for more information. The table helps you to prioritize the deployment of the updates appropriately for your environment.. Source: [Technet.com]. ...
Behavioral response studies (BRSs) aim to enhance our understanding of the behavior changes made by animals in response to specific exposure levels of different stimuli, often presented in an increasing dosage. Here, we focus on BRSs that aim to understand behavioral responses of free-ranging whales and dolphins to manmade acoustic signals (although the methods are applicable more generally). One desired outcome of these studies is dose-response functions relevant to different species, signals and contexts. We adapted and applied recurrent event survival analysis (Cox proportional hazard models) to data from the 3S BRS project, where multiple behavioral responses of different severities had been observed per experimental exposure and per individual based upon expert scoring. We included species, signal type, exposure number and behavioral state prior to exposure as potential covariates. The best model included all main effect terms, with the exception of exposure number, as well as two ...
It can take up to a fortnight for symptoms to even start appearing when you have Hepatitis A. Different severities of the virus show different symptoms. In older and those with pre-existing liver diseases there will be higher severity than that of younger children and adults. The typical symptoms include fever, muscular pains, vomiting/nausea, diarrhoea, weight loss, abdominal pain and the yellow discolouration of the skin and eyes.. ...
NTP Experiment-Test: 05161-06 INCIDENCE RATES OF NONNEOPLASTIC LESIONS BY ANATOMIC SITE (a) Report: PEIRPT03 Study Type: CHRONIC WITH AVERAGE SEVERITY GRADES[b] Date: 09/04/01 Route: GAVAGE RIDDELLIINE Time: 09:06:02 FINAL#2 Facility: Southern Research Institute Chemical CAS #: 23246-96-0 Lock Date: 11/17/99 Cage Range: All Reasons For Removal: All Removal Date Range: All Treatment Groups: Include All a Number of animals examined microscopically at site and number of animals with lesion b Average severity grade (1-minimal;2-mild;3-moderate;4-marked) Page 1 NTP Experiment-Test: 05161-06 INCIDENCE RATES OF NONNEOPLASTIC LESIONS BY ANATOMIC SITE (a) Report: PEIRPT03 Study Type: CHRONIC WITH AVERAGE SEVERITY GRADES[b] Date: 09/04/01 Route: GAVAGE RIDDELLIINE Time: 09:06:02 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ B6C3F1 MICE FEMALE 0 3.0 MG/KG/DY MG/KG/DY ...
Using international expert collaboration, we have developed an MLD MR severity scoring system, similar but not identical to the scoring system used in X-ALD. It is designed to be applicable to the standard MR imaging examination and reproducible by any neuroradiologist or other individual familiar with neuroanatomy and MR imaging of the pediatric brain. It should be more useful than a descriptive summary of abnormal brain involvement in these patients. It was developed to address the need for quantitative biomarkers of disease severity that can be used to assess the efficacy of novel therapeutics.. On the basis of our imaging results, we found it useful to categorize positive brain MR scores into 3 groups: mild disease (score, 1-6), moderate disease (score, 7-15), and severe disease (score, 16-34). On initial scans, 8 patients had mild disease (range, 1.92-10.25 years; mean, 3.73 years), 5 patients had moderate disease (range, 4.17-9.4 years; mean, 6.27 years), and 14 patients had severe disease ...
Figure 16-1. Schematic representation of the course of lung function for persons with asthma of different severities as compared with persons without asthma. Both lung function at birth and deficits occurring after birth play a role in determining the course of the disease for a lifetime. (Reprinted with permission from Stern, Morgan, Wright, Guerra, Martinez.…
This ointment has a fairly good reputation among consumers. It can be found in numerous discussion forums. However, it has a disadvantage that is worth knowing about. Despite the high effectiveness, quite a lot of people complain about the long duration of this treatment. A complete cure is possible even after a few months of use. If we do not care about express results, it will not be a problem to use it for several months. It is enough to be patient and follow the recommendations. Do not overdose the product, which will lead to greater skin irritation and prolonged treatment. The majority of patients express their opinions on this subject in a rather positive way, praising it:. It works very well, the first ones were noticeable in different ways already after two months. Redheads have become faded and with time they begin to disappear, I will wait until a full cure.. Acne, like other diseases, can have different severity of symptoms. It is not always necessary to treat it immediately with such ...
Welcome to HW it is a great place for info and support. The best thing to help your daughter is a postive attitude I know you have questions but she will have to learn to take care of this disease. You could go over your list before going to the Dr. with her perhaps there are things she would like to add to it. There are people who are able to be in remisssion for many years on there meds. Some have different severity of symnptoms and disease. Some have fistulizing disease. Has her Dr. started her on meds yet? How was she diagosined thinking she probably had a scaope. Dietatrician may be helpful ,I follow low roughage diet. Hope your daughter gets feeling better soon and if you need more help ask and we will try to help. lol ...
A peripheral arterial study is used to document the presence of disease, determine its functional severity, localize the site of involvement, define the lesion as a stenosis or occlusion, measure its length and provide baseline information for future comparisons. When neuro - musculoskeletal symptoms are present the study helps to determine how much arterial insufficiency contributes to the patients symptoms. Principal clinical indications for peripheral arterial studies include: ...
Cigarette smoking is associated with more severe multiple sclerosis disease course with lower lifetime cigarette smoking load and smoking cessation having no significant effect on disease severity.
The figures for survival corrected for initial disease severity are of prime importance. They indicate quite clearly that outcome was equally good for all babies ⩽32 weeks gestation, irrespective of the type of unit that provided their neonatal care. Taking the study population as a whole, there is evidence that the service is working in an integrated manner. The larger units, appropriately, attract a group of infants who are sicker than those whose care is entirely in the smaller units. The babies transferred for neonatal care tend to be sicker than those that normally receive treatment in the small units.. Focusing on babies: ⩽28 weeks gestation reveals a slightly different pattern. Here CRIB scores indicate that those infants not involved in transfer are similar, in terms of disease severity, in both types of unit and outcomes are equally good. Those babies that are transferred do not have a higher predicted mortality. This suggests that, among these infants, selection for transfer relies ...
Can a person have a mild case of BP? I was talking to a friend of mine and she said she had a friend who was BP but only took Lexapro when she really felt she...
Symptom Intensity assessment values: 0 None, 1 A little, 2 A lot, 3 Extreme.. This data demonstrates that while negligible before use, a significant number of PFS patients develop LUTS after 5ari exposure, with a moderate severity on average. These symptoms are atypical for men in their mid thirties. We assert that LUTS are induced by 5ari exposure in the young men who develop PFS with these symptoms. LUTS constitute an important part of the heterogeneously distributed symptom profile of PFS. It is also unfortunate that duration of finasteride use was not correlated to severity of clinical findings in this publication. It is important that clinical studies ascertain this, as many of the most severely affected patients took a low dose of finasteride for an extremely short time. Investigations in the past have used an arbitrary minimum use period in considering PFS patients, and this is not coherent with the clinical reality of the disease. PFS frequently progresses degeneratively in the absence ...
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1. Number of clinic visits required to achieve Stage II (0-1%SS, Severity Rating=1) 2. Number of clinic days to achieve Stage II 3. Percent Syllables Stuttered (%SS) at entry to Stage ...
We answer readers questions about conducting a mock QIS survey and the meaning of the different scope and severity ratings for survey deficiencies.
Extended service agreement - advance parts replacement - 1 year - response time: 4 hours - availability: 24 hours a day / Monday-Sunday ¦ Technical support - phone consulting - 1 year - response time: 1 hour - availability: 24 hours a day / Monday-Sunday - severity level 1 ¦ Technical support - phone consulting - 1 year - response time: 4 hours - availability: business hours / Monday-Friday - severity level 2 ¦ Technical support - remote monitoring - 1 year ¦ Technical support - preventive maintenance - 1 year ¦ Product info support - web knowledge base access - 1 year ¦ New releases update - 1 ...
Extended service agreement - advance parts replacement - 1 year - on-site - response time: 4 hours - availability: 24 hours a day / Monday-Sunday ¦ Technical support - phone consulting - 1 year - response time: 1 hour - availability: 24 hours a day / Monday-Sunday - severity level 1 ¦ Technical support - phone consulting - 1 year - response time: 4 hours - availability: business hours / Monday-Friday - severity level 2 ¦ Technical support - remote monitoring - 1 year ¦ Technical support - preventive maintenance - 1 year ¦ Product info support - web knowledge base access - 1 year ¦ New releases update - 1 ...
Need help connecting the dots? Our Patient Symptom Quiz was designed by the experts to help you identify the causes of your neck, back, or nerve pain.
This is a major breakthrough in the care of COVID-19 patients, said Dr. Janet Diaz, WHO head of clinical care. This is our first recommendation for a therapeutic for those patients with mild, moderate disease, she said, because it reduces the need for hospitalisation if they are at high risk. Effective reduction in mortality WHOs conditional recommendations are for use of the drug.... ...
Intraday and day to day variation in symptoms and severity of GDD is common. Disease often has diurnal variation (varying of severity of the symptoms over the
New research indicates that-while not exactly a fountain of youth-exercise can reverse some of the physiological signs of aging and reduce overall disease…
Table 3-9 describes the study population in terms of their demographics and severity levels (APR-DRGs, FY 2008 CMS MS-DRGs, and HCCs). These results are shown for both non-PAC users and PAC users. For beneficiaries using PAC services, the demographics and severity within each setting are presented. The proportions show the characteristics of cases discharged to each PAC
Keynote speaker Peter Calabresi, MD, will discuss a link between genetics and muitiple sclerosis severity at the upcoming ACTRIMS Forum 2020.
Read 8 responses to: My 3 year old Daughter has a mild case of Pneumonia... Find the best answer on Mamapedia - mom trusted since 2006.
CRITERIOS DE FINE PARA NEUMONIA PDF - Se necesitan criterios más sencillos para evaluar este riesgo. Neumonía adquirida en la comunidad links this quantification of illness severity to an
Data from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in 449 patients of 3 doses of belimumab (1, 4, 10 mg/kg) or placebo plus standard of care therapy (SOC) over a 56-week period were analyzed. The Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus: National Assessment (SELENA) version of the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) and British Isles Lupus Assessment Group (BILAG) SLE disease activity instruments, the Short Form 36 health survey, and biomarker analyses were used to create a novel SRI. Response to treatment in a subset of 321 serologically active SLE patients (antinuclear antibodies ≥1:80 and/or anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies ≥30 IU/ml) at baseline was retrospectively evaluated using the SRI. ...
An SRI response is defined as a reduction from baseline in the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI 2K) score of at least 4 points, no worsening in Physicians Global Assessment (PhGA) (with worsening defined as an increase in PhGA of more than 0.30 point from baseline), no British Isles Lupus Assessment Group A (BILAG A) organ domain score, and no more than 1 new BILAG B organ domain score from baseline ...
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disorder characterized by broad clinical manifestations including cardiovascular and renal complications with periodic disease flares and significant morbidity and mortality. One of the main contributing factors to the pathology of SLE is the accumulation and impaired clearance of immune complexes of which the principle components are host auto-antigens and antibodies. The contribution of host lipids to the formation of these autoimmune complexes remains poorly defined. The aim of the present study was to identify and analyze candidate lipid autoantigens and their corresponding anti-lipid antibody responses in a well-defined SLE patient cohort using a combination of immunological and biophysical techniques. Disease monitoring in the SLE cohort was undertaken with serial British Isles Lupus Assessment Group (BILAG) scoring. Correlations between specific lipid/anti-lipid responses were investigated as disease activity developed from active flares
The association between etanercept serum concentration and psoriasis disease severity is poorly investigated and currently etanercept serum concentration monitoring aiming to optimize psoriasis treatment lacks evidence. In this prospective study, we investigated the relation between etanercept exposure and disease severity via measuring etanercept concentrations at five consecutive time points in 56 psoriasis patients. Disease severity assessments included the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI), Body Surface Area (BSA) and Physician Global Assessment (PGA), and etanercept and anti-etanercept antibody concentrations were determined every three months for a period of one year. The present study demonstrated that the association between etanercept concentration and psoriasis severity is age-dependent: when patients were stratified into three groups, patients in the youngest age group (-50 years) showed a lower PASI at a higher etanercept concentration (β = -0.26), whereas patients in the ...
Abstract Background COVID-19 has a broad clinical spectrum We investigated the role of serum markers measured on admission on severity as assessed at discharge and investigated those which relate to the effect of BMI on severity Methods Clinical and laboratory data from 610 COVID-19 cases hospitalized in the province of Zheijang, China were investigated as risk factors for severe COVID-19 (assessed by respiratory distress) compared to mild or common forms using logistic regression methods Biochemical markers were correlated with severity using spearman correlations, and a ROC analysis was used to determine the individual contribution of each of the biochemical markers on severity We carried out formal mediation analyses to investigate the extent of the effect of body mass index (BMI) on COVID-19 severity mediated by hypertension, glycemia, Lactose Dehydrogenase (LDH) at the time of hospitalization and C-Reactive Protein levels (CRP), in units of standard deviations Results The individual markers
To explore the inadequacies of health service and its impact on clinical outcomes of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in China. A total of 210 SLE patients were randomly recruited between January 2017 and January 2018. Each patient received self-report questionnaires to assess medication adherence [Compliance Questionnaire for Rheumatology (CQR)], beliefs about medicines [Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ)] and satisfaction about medicine information [the Satisfaction with Information about Medicines Scale (SIMS)]. Associations between SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI-2 K) and observed factors were analyzed by multiple logistic regression. Based on CQR, only 28.10% patients were adherent. The score of BMQ was 2.85 ± 5.42, and merely 32.38% patients were satisfied with the information about their prescribed medicines. Disease activity was associated with SIMS, EuroQol five-dimensions [EQ5D], Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC), depression, use of NSAID
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of the patients sex on the manifestations and outcome of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).. METHODS: We studied SLE patients who were ages 16 years or older and had a disease duration of , or =5 years at the time of enrollment in the LUpus in MInorities, NAture versus nurture cohort, a multiethnic cohort consisting of Hispanic, African American, and Caucasian patients. Socioeconomic/demographic, clinical, and serologic features, as well as disease activity (by the Systemic Lupus Activity Measure, Revised) and damage accrual (by the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index) were compared between male and female patient groups. Multivariable analyses using male sex and damage accrual as dependent variables were then performed.. RESULTS: Sixty-three male SLE patients (10.2%) from all ethnic groups were included. The mean ages of the male and female patients were comparable. Factors that were either more ...
Environmental severity is rarely uniform and can vary widely across different locations and regions. There are many factors that contribute to the severity of a given environment, including climatological, geographical, biological, and human. These factors can vary within a given location and can change year-to-year based upon usage, natural weather patterns, and economic development. The specific environmental factors considered by the environmental severity characterization methods evaluated by this study, either directly or indirectly, can include temperature, humidity/atmospheric moisture, precipitation, salinity, topography, UV, winds, chloride deposition, sulfur dioxide deposition and other pollutants. Recognizing the effects these factors have on the corrosion susceptibility of facilities and prioritizing the mitigation of these effects can significantly impact not only life cycle cost but readiness and safety as well. Characterization of environmental severity for DoD locations and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The relevance of heart failure severity for treatment with evidence-based pharmacotherapy in general practice. AU - Pont, Lisa G.. AU - Van Gilst, Wiek H.. AU - Lok, Dirk J A. AU - Kragten, Hans J A. AU - Haaijer-Ruskamp, Flora M.. PY - 2003/3. Y1 - 2003/3. N2 - Aims: Internationally, research indicates that pharmacotherapy for chronic heart failure (CHF) is sub-optimal. Traditionally, assessment of drug use in heart failure has focused on the use of individual agents irrespective of CHF severity. This study investigates drug use for CHF patients in general practice with respect to the available evidence, incorporating both disease severity and the use of combination drug regimes. Methods and results: A cross-sectional survey of 769 Dutch CHF patients was performed as part of IMPROVEMENT of HF study. For each New York Heart Association severity classification the minimum treatment appropriate for the heart failure severity according to the scientific evidence available at the ...
(Medical Xpress)-Patients suffering from severe Crohns disease who were no longer able to tolerate intravenous feedings were able to return to a normal oral diet and saw no clinical recurrences of the disease after undergoing ...
The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson presented this week results of two analyses from a Phase 2 study of Stelara®*(ustekinumab) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The studies highlight not only the sustained clinical benefit of ustekinumab - an anti-interleukin (IL) IL-12/23 p40 neutralising monoclonal antibody - on SLE disease activity at one-year, but also show a reduction in the rate of severe flares.. They also provide new insights into the possible pathway through which ustekinumab is acting in SLE patients who respond to IL-12/23 p40 blockade.1,2. The Phase 2 study, presented by lead study investigator Ronald van Vollenhoven MD PhD and colleagues, is a global randomized, placebo-controlled trial in 102 adults with seropositive SLE by Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) criteria and active disease despite ongoing standard of care therapy (steroid, antimalarial and/or immunosuppressive therapies).1Patients were randomized (3:2) to receive ...
NIH investigators find that Staphylococcus epidermidis is predominant in less severe cases, while Staphylococcus aureus is associated with patients who have more severe disease.
The European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR)/American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 2019 Classification Criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have been validated with high sensitivity and specificity. We evaluated the performance of the new criteria with regard to disease duration, sex and race/ethnicity, and compared its performance against the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) 2012 and ACR 1982/1997 criteria.Twenty-one SLE centres from 16 countries submitted SLE cases and mimicking controls to form the validation cohort. The sensitivity and specificity of the EULAR/ACR 2019, SLICC 2012 and ACR 1982/1997 criteria were evaluated.The cohort consisted of female (n=1098), male (n=172), Asian (n=118), black (n=68), Hispanic (n=124) and white (n=941) patients; with an SLE duration of 1 to ,3 years (n=196) and ≥5 years (n=879). Among patients with 1 to ,3 years disease duration, the EULAR/ACR criteria had better sensitivity than the ACR criteria (97% vs 81%). The ...
The primary end point of this reanalysis of the URICO-ICTUS data showed that compared with placebo UA therapy doubled the rate of excellent outcome after acute ischemic stroke in women but not in men. Importantly, we identified a significant interaction between treatment (UA or placebo) and sex on the rate of excellent outcome and confirmed that this finding was also significant in multivariate models that accounted for the differences observed between women and men at study onset in demographics, risk factors, initial severity of stroke, and creatinine levels.. In the study, we did not find different rates of vessel recanalization after thrombolysis between women and men as previously suggested in some25-27 but not all cohorts.28,29 Furthermore, the effect of UA therapy on functional outcome was assessed in models adjusted for stroke subtype, age, initial severity of stroke, and for the variable effects of risk factors. Therefore, it is sensible to think that the clinical response to UA therapy ...
Ischemic stroke is a global health problem.The major subtype of ischemic stroke is large artery atherothrombosis (LAA). Depending on the lesion location, there were two different type of LAA, including intracranial and extracranial stenosis. The etiological mechanisms between intracranial and extracranial stenosis are unclear. Previous studies speculated that high lipid level or insulin resistane may result in different severity between intracranial and extracranial stenosis. Therefore, the aim of this project is to explore the role of lipid metabolism, glucose homeostasis, their inducible anti-oxidant and inflammatory related genes, and their phenotypes on risk, severity and prognosis of intracranial and extracranial stenosis. A total of 1800 LAA stroke patients, including 1500 intracranial stenosis and 300 extracranial stenosis patients, diagnosed with computerized tomographic (CT) scan and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) will be recruited from seven participant hospitals (NTUH, SKH, WFH , ...
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Objectives: To establish the correlation between number of ACR classification criteria, as well as disease duration with disease activity index (SELENA SLEDAI) and damage index (SLICC/ACR damage index) and to determine the correlation between laboratory findings of disease activity and their combinations (complement components, CRP, anti-dsDNA antibodies) with disease activity index (SELENA SLEDAI) and damage index (SLICC/ACR damage index). Patients and Methods: In this cross-sectional study that was conducted at the Department of rheumatology and clinical immunology CHC Rijeka 110 patients with clear diagnosis of SLE who fulfilled 4 or more ACR classification criteria were included. This patients were in a regular physicians control and all of them were examined consequently during the period of three-months, respectively in a period from September to November 2013. In all patients we recorded general data (age, disease duration, gender) and number of ACR classification criteria. Disease ...
Objectives: To establish the correlation between number of ACR classification criteria, as well as disease duration with disease activity index (SELENA SLEDAI) and damage index (SLICC/ACR damage index) and to determine the correlation between laboratory findings of disease activity and their combinations (complement components, CRP, anti-dsDNA antibodies) with disease activity index (SELENA SLEDAI) and damage index (SLICC/ACR damage index). Patients and Methods: In this cross-sectional study that was conducted at the Department of rheumatology and clinical immunology CHC Rijeka 110 patients with clear diagnosis of SLE who fulfilled 4 or more ACR classification criteria were included. This patients were in a regular physicians control and all of them were examined consequently during the period of three-months, respectively in a period from September to November 2013. In all patients we recorded general data (age, disease duration, gender) and number of ACR classification criteria. Disease ...
Manifestation of SARS-CoV-2 infections may range from asymptomatic infections or mild symptoms to severe courses of disease with a high risk of fatal outcome (2). In this study, we show that SARS-CoV-2-specific immunological characteristics in patients with a severe course are clearly distinct from infected individuals who recovered from mild disease that could be managed in an outpatient setting. Both groups were analyzed at the same time after onset of COVID-19 symptoms. As main findings, we show that patients with severe disease had high levels of SARS-CoV-2-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells as well as high titers of specific IgG and IgA antibodies as compared with convalescent individuals, where levels were significantly lower. However, SARS-CoV-2-specific T cells in severe cases had a restricted cytokine expression profile with fewer multifunctional cells and strongly expressed CTLA-4 as a hallmark of T cells in the contraction phase of an immune response after active encounter with the virus. ...
Genetic and clinical characterization: All samples are derived from subjects who undergo a detailed clinical evaluation. Detailed genotyping is performed as well to fully characterize all samples. The clinical evaluation includes measurement of overall disease severity score, age of symptom onset, the strength of the muscle sampled, and the severity of the underlying pathological changes. Genetic analysis includes D4Z4 repeat size analysis on chromosomes 4 and 10, haplotype analysis (4qA or 4qB backgrounds and SSLP analysis) and D4Z4 methylation analysis. The details of the methods used to collect and characterize these samples are available here ...
The new 2019 SLE European League Against Rheumatism/American College of Rheumatology (EULAR/ACR) classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have been recently published.1 These criteria have been developed to find a better equilibrium between specificity and sensitivity compared with the previous criteria (SLE ACR-19972 and SLE Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC)3). Even if these criteria have been built for classification, they could be useful in clinical practice in patients with a suspicion of systemic autoimmune disease (AID) to differentiate patients with SLE from patients with another systemic AID, such as primary Sjögrens syndrome (pSS), scleroderma or myositis. SLE and pSS share biological and clinical similarities. In clinical practice, it is frequently difficult to differentiate these two diseases. Moreover, SLE and Sjögrens syndrome (SS) may overlap. The aim of this study was to explore the utility of the 2019 SLE EULAR/ACR criteria ...
In patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) combination therapy with intravenous PG12 may lead to greater disease burden, finds study.
In the United States, current concerns exist that the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) will use G codes to determine changes in policy or payment. A study recently published in the Physical Therapy Journal finds that the G-code functional limitation severity modifier lacks validity for determining functional changes. G Codes were mandated by CMS in July 2013 as part of Middle Class Tax Relief and Jobs Creation Act of 2012. Therapists (occupational or physical) choose one of four G code categories: mobility; changing and maintaining body position; carrying, moving, and handling objects; and self care. Therapists select one of out seven functional limitation severity modifier codes. These G Codes reflect the amount of impairment from zero to one hundred percent. Diane and Alan Jette completed a retrospective observational study of therapists (occupational and physical) at the Cleveland Clinic to assess the validity of G code functional severity limitation modifier codes. Patients ...
The Glaucoma Staging Program (GSP) is useful in early detection of Glaucoma.. The GSP software grades examination findings into visual field classes (normal, glaucomatous, artifactual and neuro) based solely on their appearance. In addition, risk classes (normal, suspect, pre-perimetric, early stage, moderate and severe) are also assigned to findings of different severities that are classified as normal or glaucomatous. The examination results are presented in easy to understand green, yellow and red bar charts.. The striking novelty of the GSP is its ability to detect subtle changes in the visual field associated with early stage Glaucoma. Findings in the suspect and pre-perimetric risk classes contain reductions in the visual field that cannot be readily seen by the examiner. They usually remain undetected by the standard perimetric indices.. The Glaucoma Likelihood Index (GLI) summarizes the results of the GSP classification into a single parameter, presenting a value of between 0 (normal) ...
There are limited data regarding the relationship between interstitial lung disease (ILD) and the natural course of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In this study, we investigate whether patients with ILD are more susceptible to COVID-19 than those without ILD and evaluate the impact of ILD on disease severity in patients with COVID-19.A nationwide cohort of patients with COVID-19 (n=8070) and a 1:15 age-, sex-, and residence-matched cohort (n=121 050) were constructed between January 1, 2020 and May 30, 2020 in Korea. We performed a nested case-control study to compare the proportions of patients with ILD between the COVID-19 cohort and the matched cohort. Using the COVID-19 cohort, we also evaluated the risk of severe COVID-19 in patients with ILD versus those without ILD.The proportion of patients with ILD was significantly higher in the COVID-19 cohort than in the matched cohort (0.8% versus 0.4%, p,0.001). The odds ratio [OR] of having ILD was significantly higher in the COVID-19 cohort ...
NTP Experiment-Test: 96020-01 INCIDENCE RATES OF NONNEOPLASTIC LESIONS BY ANATOMIC SITE (a) Report: PEIRPT18 Study Type: CHRONIC WITH AVERAGE SEVERITY GRADES[b] Date: 03/03/04 Route: GAVAGE TEF EVALUATION (BINARY MIXTURE; PCB 126/PCB 153) Time: 10:12:20 FINAL #1 Facility: Battelle Columbus Laboratory Chemical CAS #: TEFBINARYMIX Lock Date: 03/27/02 Cage Range: All Reasons For Removal: 25018 Dosing Accident 25019 Moribund Sacrifice 25020 Natural Death 25021 Terminal Sacrifice Removal Date Range: All Treatment Groups: Include 001 0 NG / 0 UG Include 004 300 NG /100 UG Include 005 300 NG /300 UG Include 006 300 NG /3000 UG a Number of animals examined microscopically at site and number of animals with lesion b Average severity grade (1-minimal;2-mild;3-moderate;4-marked) Page 1 NTP Experiment-Test: 96020-01 INCIDENCE RATES OF NONNEOPLASTIC LESIONS BY ANATOMIC SITE (a) Report: PEIRPT18 Study Type: CHRONIC WITH AVERAGE SEVERITY GRADES[b] Date: 03/03/04 Route: GAVAGE TEF EVALUATION (BINARY MIXTURE; ...
My twin daughters were born at 23 weeks and 5 days, yes 23w 5d!. They just turned 2 in May. Both my girls have different severities of Cerebral Palsy. My daughter, Joy has fluctuated in weight bewtween 14-15 pounds for just over a year now. She weighs no more than 15 lbs and no less than 14 pounds at every doctors appointment. She has been on a Pediasure Plus diet for almost 6 months and still nothing. She doesnt eat solid foods, only purees and eats 4oz every 3-4 hours. She eats purees at least 2 times a day. Everything is high calorie for her. But still no weight gain. Joy is very immobile due to the severity of CP, so she doesnt move around much, so we know that is not the cause of her lack of wieght gain ...
Objective Specific comorbidities and old age create a greater vulnerability to severe Coronavirus Disease 19 (COVID-19). While obesity seems to aggravate the course of disease, the actual impact of the body mass index (BMI) and the cutoff which increases illness severity are still under investigation. The aim of the study was to analyze whether the BMI represented a risk factor f qor respiratory failure, admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) and death. Research Design and Methods A retrospective cohort study of 482 consecutive COVID-19 patients hospitalised between March 1 and April 20, 2020. Logistic regression analysis and Cox proportion Hazard models including demographic characteristics and comorbidities were carried out to predict the endpoints within 30 days from the onset of symptoms. Results Of 482 patients, 104 (21.6%) had a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2. At logistic regression analysis, a BMI between 30 and 34.9 kg/m2 significantly increased the risk of respiratory failure (OR: 2.32; 95% CI: ...
MODEL RELEASED. Psoriasis on the back after treatment. Psoriasis on the skin of the back of a patient before treatment with UVB light. Psoriasis is caused by excessive skin production resulting in red scaly patches and inflammation. The treatment here resulted in a reduction of the PASI (Psoriasis Area and Severity Index) score by 75 percent (PASI 75). For a sequence showing the treatment, see images C014/2541 to C014/2543. - Stock Image C014/2543
People with psoriasis are at a higher risk to develop type 2 diabetes than those without psoriasis, and the risk increases dramatically based on the severity of the disease. Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine ...
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respectively to examples 1, 2, and 3 + 4 in Lapidot and Friedman (2002). Tomato TYLCV disease severity ratings were not taken in 2008 due to low field virus pressure. Bacterial leaf spot disease severity was rated on a 1-to-5 scale (1 = low and 5 = high) at the. ...
Damage accrual in SLE patients is an independent predictor of mortality, but which of the 12 domains of the SLICC damage index is the most important has been unknown. The investigators studied 635 SLE patients aged 16 years or older. Of these, 570 (89%) were women who had a mean age of 36.5 years. All subjects had disease duration of five years or less at enrollment. Disease activity was assessed by the investigators using the Systemic Lupus Activity Measure-Revised (SLAM-R) at diagnosis and damage at the last visit ...
The SAE Severity Index is supposed to be an approximation to tolerance limit data, but there are incongruities in its derivation which renders the formula unsupportable. The same logic on which the Severity Index appears to be based can be used to support a wide range of possible values for the expo
Date: Thu, 13 Jun 2019 22:34:26 +0200 From: X41 D-Sec GmbH Advisories ,[email protected], To: [email protected] Subject: X41 D-Sec GmbH Security Advisory X41-2019-003: Stack-based buffer overflow in Thunderbird -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE----- Hash: SHA256 X41 D-Sec GmbH Security Advisory: X41-2019-003 Stack-based buffer overflow in Thunderbird ========================================== Severity Rating: High Confirmed Affected Versions: All versions affected Confirmed Patched Versions: Thunderbird ESR 60.7.XXX Vendor: Thunderbird Vendor URL: https://www.thunderbird.net/ Vendor Reference: https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1553808 Vector: Incoming mail with calendar attachment Credit: X41 D-SEC GmbH, Luis Merino Status: Public CVE: CVE-2019-11705 CWE: 121 CVSS Score: 7.8 CVSS Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:U/RL:O Advisory-URL: https://www.x41-dsec.de/lab/advisories/x41-2019-003-thunderbird Summary and Impact ================== A stack-based ...
Information on the topic of asthma severity. A key message is to classify asthma severity using the domains of current impairment and future risk.
Journal of Medical Internet Research - International Scientific Journal for Medical Research, Information and Communication on the Internet
For a typical assessment the three factors to be assessed are:. Severity: What is the severity of the effect? A failure inevitably creates an effect and the severity of the effect is judged on a scale of 1 to 10. A rating of 1 indicates a low severity of effect should a failure occur and a rating of 10 indicates a very high severity of effect should a failure occur.. Probability: What is the probability of the failure occurring? A failure can be likely to unlikely and the probability of failure occurring is judged on a scale of 1 to 10. A rating of 1 indicates a low probability that a failure will occur and a rating of 10 indicates a very high probability that a failure will occur.. Detection: What is the likelihood that a failure will be detected before it becomes critical? A potential failure may be easily detected and avoided or very difficult to detect and avoid. A rating of 1 indicates a high probability of detection and avoidance before failure and a rating of 10 indicates a very low ...
SEATTLE, Oct. 28, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- A COVID-19 immune response study has revealed new findings that suggest that treatments aimed at arresting the infection at the stage of moderate severity may be most effective. The symptoms of COVID-19 vary widely, from very mild to severe conditions requiring ICU care. Resear...
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Diagnosis-related group (DRG) Risk of mortality (ROM) Case mix index (CMI) Diagnosis code Wynn, Barbara O.; Scott, Molly (July ... Severity of illness (SOI) is defined as the extent of organ system derangement or physiologic decompensation for a patient. It ... 2007). Evaluation of Severity-Adjusted DRG Systems: Addendum to the Interim Report (PDF) (Report). RAND Corporation. Retrieved ...
Perfusion index has been shown to help clinicians predict illness severity and early adverse respiratory outcomes in neonates, ... "The pulse oximeter perfusion index as a predictor for high illness severity in neonates". European Journal of Pediatrics. 161 ( ... Pleth variability index (PVI) is a measure of the variability of the perfusion index, which occurs during breathing cycles. ... Cannesson M, Desebbe O, Rosamel P, Delannoy B, Robin J, Bastien O, Lehot JJ (August 2008). "Pleth variability index to monitor ...
Case mix index Diagnosis codes Severity of illness Alemi, F., J. Rice, and R. Hankins. 1990. "Predicting In-Hospital Survival ... Severity Measurement Methods and Judging Hospital Death Rates for Pneumonia, Medical Care 34 (1): 11-28, 1996 v t e (Articles ...
... is a scoring system for rating the severity of medical illness for children, one of several ICU scoring systems. Its name ... Slater A, Shann F, Pearson G, Paediatric Index of Mortality Study Group (2003). "PIM2: a revised version of the Paediatric ... stands for "Paediatric Index of Mortality". It has been designed to provide a predicted mortality for a patient by following a ... Index of Mortality". Intensive Care Med. 29 (2): 278-85. doi:10.1007/s00134-002-1601-2. PMID 12541154. S2CID 23477200. this is ...
The Widespread Pain Index (WPI) measures the number of painful body regions. The Symptom Severity Scale (SSS) assesses the ... Other medical illnesses that should be ruled out are endocrine disease or metabolic disorder (hypothyroidism, ... The revised criteria used a widespread pain index (WPI) and symptom severity scale (SSS) in place of tender point testing under ... "Widespread pain index (WPI) ≥ 7 and symptom severity scale (SSS) score ≥ 5 OR WPI of 4-6 and SSS score ≥ 9." "A diagnosis of ...
In that study, the RAI outperformed standard illness severity scores such as Pediatric Risk of Mortality (PRISM) for prediction ... Thus, the creation of the renal angina index was done by a multiplicative index (instead of sum). The RAI score is a composite ... directing biomarker testing only for patients who fulfill a combination of illness severity and changes in kidney function.[ ... calculating RAI and measuring biomarkers is relatively simple compared to calculation of severity of illness scores), useful ( ...
... illness severity, age of onset, and illness length. There is also literature that links EE to the course and outcome of ... One study showed that one component, high parental dimensions of criticism (CRIT), can be used as an index of problematic ... A high level of EE in the home can worsen the prognosis in patients with mental illness, such as schizophrenia and social ... The family believes that the cause of many of the family's problems is the patient's mental illness, whether they are or not. ...
... and Pandemic Severity Assessment Framework (PSAF) (13)...PSAF replaces the Pandemic Severity Index as a severity assessment ... the PSAF rates severity of a disease outbreak on two dimensions: clinical severity of illness in infected persons; and the ... The PSAF superseded the 2007 linear Pandemic Severity Index (PSI), which assumed 30% spread and measured case fatality rate ( ... COVID-19 pandemic in the United States Early Warning and Response System Influenza pandemic Pandemic Severity Index WHO ...
The rule uses demographics (whether someone is older, and is male or female), the coexistence of co-morbid illnesses, findings ... The pneumonia severity index (PSI) or PORT Score is a clinical prediction rule that medical practitioners can use to calculate ... The purpose of the PSI is to classify the severity of a patient's pneumonia to determine the amount of resources to be ... October 2010). "Severity assessment tools for predicting mortality in hospitalised patients with community-acquired pneumonia. ...
Treatment of CAP in children depends on the child's age and the severity of illness. Children under five are not usually ... Some CAP patients require intensive care, with clinical prediction rules such as the pneumonia severity index and CURB-65 ... The diagnostic tools employed will depend on the severity of illness, local practices and concern about complications of the ... Outpatients with underlying illness or risk factors: Although this group does not require hospitalization, they have underlying ...
Sociosexual Orientation Inventory School of Infantry Severity of illness Sphere of influence, in politics Symphony Orchestra of ... US FAA Southern Oscillation Index Sphere of influence (astrodynamics) ...
"Addiction Severity Index", a tool that was later translated into over 30 languages and which by 2012 was being used throughout ... that psychiatrists use in diagnosing mental illnesses, including addiction disorders. There was no validated measure of ...
... severity of illness index MeSH E05.318.308.250.475.547.500 - karnofsky performance status MeSH E05.318.308.250.475.730 - ... dental plaque index MeSH E05.318.308.250.300.350 - dmf index MeSH E05.318.308.250.300.675 - oral hygiene index MeSH E05.318. ... mitotic index MeSH E05.200.500.386 - cytophotometry MeSH E05.200.500.386.350 - flow cytometry MeSH E05.200.500.386.400 - image ... trauma severity indices MeSH E05.318.308.940.968.875.125 - abbreviated injury scale MeSH E05.318.308.940.968.875.250 - glasgow ...
Severity of illness (SOI) Pay for Performance Mistichelli, Judith Diagnosis Related Groups (DRGs) and the Prospective Payment ... This DRG system is called AVEDIAN DRG GROUPER (LAT-GRC). Case mix index Diagnosis code Medical classification Ambulatory ... They include: Medicare DRG (CMS-DRG & MS-DRG) Refined DRGs (R-DRG) All Patient DRGs (AP-DRG) Severity DRGs (S-DRG) All Patient ... Severity-Adjusted DRGs (APS-DRG) All Patient Refined DRGs (APR-DRG) International-Refined DRGs (IR-DRG) Other DRG systems have ...
Its 3 items assess, 1) Severity of Illness (CGI-S), 2) Global Improvement (CGI-I), and 3) Efficacy Index (CGI-E, which is a ... Severity scale (CGI-S) is a 7-point scale that requires the clinician to rate the severity of the patient's illness at the time ... the response format used in the CGI to assess change or severity of illness is more likely to be ambiguous (what is the ... 1993) showed that severity ratings but not improvement ratings were predicted highly and significantly by frequency of panic ...
Geriatric Index of Comorbidity (GIC): Developed in 2002 Functional Comorbidity Index (FCI): Developed in 2005. Total Illness ... because it gave the practicing doctors a chance to calculate the number and severity of chronic illnesses in the structure of ... Charlson Index: This index is meant for the long-term prognosis of comorbid patients and was developed by M. E. Charlson in ... The Kaplan-Feinstein Index: This index was created in 1973 based on the study of the effect of the associated diseases on ...
RSA and vagal tone are used as markers to help determine the severity of neurodevelopmental disorders such as Autism Spectrum ... Thus, we propose that cardiac vagal tone can serve as an index of emotion regulation. Historically, the vagus and other ... This theory can account for several psychophysiological phenomena and psychosomatic illnesses. However, recent studies indicate ... There are several methods of estimating vagal tone other than measuring RSA, including: Indexes of beat-to-beat variability ...
... or severity of illness defined by the Glasgow Coma Scale score. The study provided a greater understanding of expected ... which are normalized and standardized to compute an indexed score such as the Neurological Pupil index (NPi). Pupillary ... The Neurological Pupil index, or NPi, is an algorithm developed by NeurOptics, Inc., that removes subjectivity from the ... Cortes, MX (2021). "Neurological Pupil index as an indicator of irreversible cerebral edema: a case series". Journal of ...
Some medical systems refer to an Addiction Severity Index to assess the severity of problems related to substance use. The ... The quantity of criteria met offer a rough gauge on the severity of illness, but licensed professionals will also take into ... The severity of substance use disorders can vary widely; in the DSM-5 diagnosis of a SUD, the severity of an individual's SUD ... Substance use disorders can range widely in severity, and there are numerous methods to monitor and qualify the severity of an ...
"Integration of Early Physiological Responses Predicts Later Illness Severity in Preterm Infants". Science Translational ... Suchi Saria publications indexed by Google Scholar Suchi Saria at DBLP Bibliography Server Bates, David W.; Saria, Suchi; Ohno- ... "Researchers design more accurate method of determining premature infants' risk of illness". med.stanford.edu. Stanford ... birth weight and length of time spent in the womb to predict whether a preemie would develop an illness. She worked in the ...
The Emergency Severity Index (ESI) triages patients into five groups from 1 (most urgent) to 5 (least urgent). An experienced ... They primarily treat a wide range of musculoskeletal problems, skin problems and minor illnesses. They are trained in advanced ... "Emergency Severity Index (ESI): A Triage Tool for Emergency Department". www.ahrq.gov. Retrieved 2022-07-16. "Triage , ENA ... An advanced practice nurse assesses, diagnoses, and treats a variety of common illnesses, injuries and disease processes in ...
These reach greatest severity after four days, possibly resulting in death from cardiorespiratory or acute kidney injury. ... Nickel carbonyl poisoning is characterized by a two-stage illness. The first consists of headaches and chest pain lasting a few ... The Merck Index (7th ed.). Merck. Hedberg, L.; Iijima, T.; Hedberg, K. (1979). "Nickel tetracarbonyl, Ni(CO)4. I. Molecular ...
The six-minute walk test is a good index of physical function and therapeutic response in patients with chronic lung disease, ... Additionally, a history of smoking, recent illness, and medications is taken. In order for the forced vital capacity to be ... ABGs also provide a more detailed assessment of the severity of hypoxemia in patients who have low normal oxyhemoglobin ... The primary purpose of pulmonary function testing is to identify the severity of pulmonary impairment. Pulmonary function ...
An index case was imported into the United States on 18 May 2022, by a man who had recently travelled to Canada. He was ... The illness is usually mild and most of those infected will recover within a few weeks without treatment. Estimates of the risk ... protective in preventing infection in close contacts and in lessening the severity of the disease. A newer smallpox and ... The resident returned to the United Kingdom on 4 May, creating the country's index case of the outbreak. The origin of several ...
The illness is usually mild and most of those infected will recover within a few weeks without treatment. Estimates of the risk ... The resident returned to the United Kingdom on 4 May, creating the country's index case of the outbreak. The origin of several ... protective in preventing infection in close contacts and in lessening the severity of the disease. A newer smallpox and ...
The illness is usually mild and most of those infected will recover within a few weeks without treatment. Estimates of the risk ... The resident returned to the United Kingdom on 4 May, creating the country's index case of the outbreak. The origin of several ... protective in preventing infection in close contacts and in lessening the severity of the disease. A newer smallpox and ... Two days after the index case was publicized, the CDC issued guidelines for risk assessment and control. By 27 June, the CDC ...
The illness is usually mild and most of those infected will recover within a few weeks without treatment. Estimates of the risk ... The resident returned to the United Kingdom on 4 May, creating the country's index case of the outbreak. The origin of several ... protective in preventing infection in close contacts and in lessening the severity of the disease. A newer smallpox and ...
The illness is usually mild and most of those infected will recover within a few weeks without treatment. Estimates of the risk ... An index case was imported into Argentina on 27 May. It was unknown how the disease was contracted, but likely abroad in ... protective in preventing infection in close contacts and in lessening the severity of the disease. A newer smallpox and ... The resident returned to the United Kingdom on 4 May, creating the country's index case of the outbreak. The origin of several ...
The illness is usually mild and most of those infected will recover within a few weeks without treatment. Estimates of the risk ... The resident returned to the United Kingdom on 4 May, creating the country's index case of the outbreak. The origin of several ... protective in preventing infection in close contacts and in lessening the severity of the disease. A newer smallpox and ...
The illness is usually mild and most of those infected will recover within a few weeks without treatment. Estimates of the risk ... The resident returned to the United Kingdom on 4 May, creating the country's index case of the outbreak. The origin of several ... protective in preventing infection in close contacts and in lessening the severity of the disease. A newer smallpox and ...
The severity of PFAS-associated health effects can vary based on the length of exposure, level of exposure, and health status.[ ... between C8 exposure and six illnesses: kidney and testicular cancer, ulcerative colitis, thyroid disease, pregnancy-induced ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Per-_and_polyfluoroalkyl_substances&oldid=1112514666" ...
... this highly contagious virus normally causes a milder illness called Hand, foot, and mouth disease but can cause life- ... "Plasma interleukin-6 concentrations, metabolic dysfunction, and asthma severity: a cross-sectional analysis of two cohorts" ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Interleukin_6&oldid=1112862841" ... with or without co-morbid chronic inflammatory based illnesses; that the combination of NK1RAs and IL6 blockers may represent a ...
Most Germans are eligible for a Kur every two to six years, depending on the severity of their condition. Germans do still get ... Since medieval times, illnesses caused by iron deficiency were treated by drinking chalybeate (iron-bearing) spring water (in ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spa&oldid=1106590289#Spa_treatments" ... build up muscles after injury or illness or to stimulate the immune system, and they can be enjoyed as a relief from day-to-day ...
"Yang Tobin Index" or "Tobin Index" after Dr. Karl Yang and Prof. Martin J. Tobin of Loyola University Medical Center) is one of ... Gilgoff IS (2001). Breath of Life: The Role of the Ventilator in Managing Life-Threatening Illnesses. Scarecrow Press. p. 187. ... It may, however, be used at home or in a nursing or rehabilitation institution for patients that have chronic illnesses that ... The Rapid Shallow Breathing Index (RSBI, the ratio of respiratory frequency to tidal volume (f/VT), previously referred to as ...
Three general guidelines are used to classify the severity of neutropenia based on the ANC (expressed below in cells/µl):[38] ... and other illnesses that exist in the patient.[31] ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= ...
Indexes of beat-to-beat variability such as RMSSD reported by The Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and Heart ... This theory can account for several psychophysiological phenomena and psychosomatic illnesses.[30][26] However, recent studies ... RSA and vagal tone are used as markers to help determine the severity of neurodevelopmental disorders such as Autism Spectrum ... Thus, we propose that cardiac vagal tone can serve as an index of emotion regulation. Historically, the vagus and other ...
The severity of the famine varied from region to region. By correlating the increase in the death rates of different provinces ... Now we have a few cases of illness and death: it's nothing! ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= ... it is difficult to compare the severity of different famines. If an estimate of 30 million deaths is accepted, the Great Leap ...
Depending on the level of severity, this disorder is classified as mild, moderate, or severe.. Addiction: A term used to ... mental or physical illness, and local availability and affordability of programs. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Substance_dependence&oldid=1117859820" ...
"Principles of Care for Treatment of Children and Adolescents with Mental Illnesses in Residential Treatment Centers" (PDF). ... Preyde (2011)[42] found that clients showed a statistically significant reduction in symptom severity 12-18 months after ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Residential_treatment_center&oldid=1123125523" ... mental illness, or other behavioral problems. Residential treatment may be considered the "last-ditch" approach to treating ...
Kabat-Zinn, Jon (2013). Full Catastrophe Living: Using the Wisdom of Your Body and Mind to Face Stress, Pain, and Illness (2nd ... The LPP ERP component indexes arousal and is larger in amplitude for emotionally salient stimuli relative to neutral.[58][59][ ... Following a MBSR intervention, decreases in social anxiety symptom severity were found, as well as increases in bilateral ... Studies have also shown that rumination and worry contribute to mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety,[25] and ...
Ankle-brachial index , 0.90, duplex ultrasonography, angiography[8][9]. Treatment. Stopping smoking, supervised exercise ... Depending on the severity of the disease, these steps can be taken, according to these guidelines:[60] ... a life-threatening illness. ... Grade 1: arterial brachial index 0.6 to 0.79, ankle systolic ... If peripheral artery disease is suspected, the initial study is the ankle-brachial index (ABI).[18] The ABI is a simple, non- ...
Due to the lack of studies, it is not known whether drinking more fluids improves symptoms or shortens respiratory illness.[42] ... Zinc supplements may reduce the severity and duration of symptoms when taken within 24 hours of their onset.[51] The effect of ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Common_cold&oldid=8326105" ...
Esophageal cancer, Esophagitis, Stomach cancer, mental illness, alcoholism, refeeding syndrome, starvation, infection, ... severity of dysphagia, cognitive status, respiratory function, caregiver support, and patient motivation and interest.[10] ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dysphagia&oldid=1118422077" ...
... alcoholism is a Primary Illness not caused by other illnesses nor by personality or character defects; second, an addiction ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alcoholics_Anonymous&oldid=1124378136#Effectiveness" ... alcohol addiction severity, and healthcare cost.[11] ... Hence, we have always called it an illness or a malady-a far ... AA's Big Book calls alcoholism "an illness which only a spiritual experience will conquer." Ernest Kurtz says this is "The ...
Based on severity[edit]. Based on clinical appearance, color blindness may be described as total or partial. Total color ... Acquired: color blindness that is not present at birth, may be caused by chronic illness, accidents, medication, chemical ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Color_blindness&oldid=1125017274" ... Anomalous trichromacy is the mildest type of color deficiency, but the severity ranges from almost dichromacy (strong) to ...
The threshold of severity has been a source of much debate.[1] ... and resulting illnesses. The founder of the church, Joseph ... and later his books were added to the Catholic Church's Index of Forbidden Books. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Persecution&oldid=1115806162" ...
Severity of illness Delta Alpha 1 Symptomatic Not reported Not reported Hospitalization Not reported Not reported ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sinopharm_BIBP_COVID-19_vaccine&oldid=1119662075" ... chronic illnesses, or belong to high-risk groups have been given a third booster dose.[132] In May, due to concerns about ...
Other points include straining and discomfort, use of drugs, recent surgery, and illness.[citation needed] ... Age is a risk factor that increases both the severity and prevalence of UI ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Urinary_incontinence&oldid=1125500179" ...
They attribute deaths to suicide, illness, or other accidents.[106]. Organ harvesting. Further information: Organ harvesting ... with increasing severity." The "soft" methods include sleep deprivation, threatening family members, and denial of access to ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Persecution_of_Falun_Gong&oldid=1117746397" ...
"Index BP 2009" (PDF). British Pharmacopoeia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 April 2009. Retrieved 13 July 2009.. ... Reye's syndrome, a rare but severe illness characterized by acute encephalopathy and fatty liver, can occur when children or ... Gaudreault P, Temple AR, Lovejoy FH (October 1982). "The relative severity of acute versus chronic salicylate poisoning in ... particularly in large doses and depending on the severity of the disease.[166] Use of aspirin during dengue fever is not ...
Modafinil has shown some efficacy in reducing the severity of ADHD in children and adolescents.[205] It may be prescribed off- ... or mania in children and adolescents without prior history of psychotic illness or mania can be caused by stimulants at usual ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder&oldid=1125052786" ...
They evaluate hazardous-waste management systems to evaluate the severity of such hazards, advise on treatment and containment ... the risk of non-infectious illness, and to create a palatable water flavor. Water distribution systems[21][22] are designed and ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Environmental_engineering&oldid=1122961825" ...
The illness is usually mild and most of those infected will recover within a few weeks without treatment. Estimates of the risk ... Extensive contact tracing of people who had been in contact with the index case both on the international flight from Nigeria ... protective in preventing infection in close contacts and in lessening the severity of the disease. A newer smallpox and ... Some also objected to pictures used in media coverage of mild illnesses in Europe that featured severe cases in sub-Saharan ...
... the severity of the illnesses, and the ability to prevent and treat them. Trichomoniasis is the most common sexually ... Obesity is a chronic non-communicable disease (NCD) that is diagnosed in individuals who have Body Mass Index (BMI) greater ... Mental illnesses are particularly important when discussing the cycle of poverty, because these mental illnesses prevent ... As dependents, they can be burdened by the illness and eventual death of one or both parents due to HIV/AIDS. Studies have ...
Vicious cycle' of mental illness, homelessness can be stopped with help of empathy ,Opinion". The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved ... mental health symptom severity, and percentage of days stably housed. When comparing the effects of Housing First on homeless ... "vulnerability index" so they could prioritize certain homeless people and "bring housing advocates and agency representatives ... "The Applicability of Housing First Models to Homeless Persons with Serious Mental Illness" (PDF). HUD. July 2007. "HUD Homeless ...
The severity of the inflammation can be attributed to the severity of what is known as the cytokine storm. Levels of ... The disease often spreads in clusters, where infections can be traced back to an index case or geographical location. Often in ... A cytokine storm is due to an acute hyperinflammatory response that is responsible for clinical illness in an array of diseases ... The COVID‑19 vaccines are widely credited for their role in reducing the spread of COVID‑19 and reducing the severity and death ...
... threatening illness. He studied the distribution of the severity grades following scorpion envenomations, the time to ... Frank LoVecchio publications indexed by Google Scholar (Articles with short description, Short description matches Wikidata, ...
The scale was developed as a self-report measurement tool that provided a valid index of catastrophizing in clinical and non- ... Specifically it has been shown to determine illness related stress and depression issues that arise from parent's ... spouse catastrophizing about a partner's chronic pain was related to depressive and pain severity levels in both spouses. ... catastrophizing about their child's pain in regards to a disability or illness. Similarly with respect to pain catastrophizing ...
Fareed M, Afzal M (2014). "Evidence of inbreeding depression on height, weight, and body mass index: a population-based child ... Inbreeding history of the population should also be considered when discussing the variation in the severity of inbreeding ... the environment presents stresses to remove from the population those individuals who cannot survive because of illness.[ ...
Browsing by Subject "Severity of Illness Index". 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. W. X. Y ...
Results of search for su:{Severity of illness index.} Refine your search. *. Availability. * Limit to currently available ...
Severity of Illness Index * Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / diagnosis * Sleep Apnea, Obstructive / therapy* ...
Abbreviations: CD, Crohns disease; CDAI, Crohns disease activity index; CSS, Crohns symptom severity; EQ-5D-5L, EuroQol 5 ... These measures aid in identifying an individual patients illness perceptions, are strongly associated with the patients ... Outcomes included Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue ( ... Index Pharmaceuticals, Sandoz, Celgene, Biogen, Samsung Bioepis, Inotrem, Allergan, MSD, Roche, Arena, Gilead, Amgen, BMS, ...
Diagnosis-related group (DRG) Risk of mortality (ROM) Case mix index (CMI) Diagnosis code Wynn, Barbara O.; Scott, Molly (July ... Severity of illness (SOI) is defined as the extent of organ system derangement or physiologic decompensation for a patient. It ... 2007). Evaluation of Severity-Adjusted DRG Systems: Addendum to the Interim Report (PDF) (Report). RAND Corporation. Retrieved ...
Reliability and Validity of the Severity of Illness Index. Horn, Susan D.; Horn, Roger A. ... The Rational Zero Point for an Illness Index With Ratio Properties. Haig, T H Brain; Scott, David A.; Wickett, Louise I. ...
Severity of Illness Index [‎10]‎. Sewage [‎69]‎. Sex [‎4]‎. Sex Characteristics [‎3]‎. ...
... high pneumonia severity index (HR, 0.73), and adherence to the Spanish guidelines for treatment of CAP (HR, 1.22). A second Cox ... The aim of our study was to identify those factors related to host characteristics, the severity of pneumonia, and treatment ... Reaching stability in community-acquired pneumonia: the effects of the severity of disease, treatment, and the characteristics ... Severity of Illness Index* ... initial severity of disease (HR, 0.73), treatment failure (HR, ...
... with ME/CFS in response to PEM induction and reports microRNA expression patterns associated to specific symptom severities. ... 4E). Exploration of the clinical and demographic data among the participants in term of age, BMI, sex, and illness duration did ... and body mass index (BMI) were observed between ME/CFS patients and matched controls. There was no significant difference ... Hardcastle, S. L. et al. Longitudinal analysis of immune abnormalities in varying severities of chronic fatigue syndrome/ ...
Severity of Illness Index * Time Factors Substances * Biomarkers * Oxygen ...
Most October case-patients had pneumonia; for these, severity of illness was assessed by using the Pneumonia Severity Index, a ... Severity of Illness. Fifty-four (93%) of 58 IPD case-patients were hospitalized, and 47 (81%) had pneumonia. Seven case- ... Severity of illness for patients with invasive pneumococcal disease, by age group, Denver, Colorado, USA, February and October ... All 42 October pneumonia patients had Pneumonia Severity Index scores ,2; the 7 case-patients who died all had pneumonia and ...
... severity-of-illness index; family practice; pulmonary disease; allergy and immunology ... The severity-of-asthma score was a valid measure in generalist-treated subjects. Asthma severity varied significantly by ... There are, however, no widely accepted asthma severity measures. A severity-of-asthma score, which is based on self-reported ... The mean severity score was highest in the pulmonary group (11.8 +/- 6.3), followed by the allergy (10.3 +/- 5.3) and family ...
Severity of Illness Index. Treatment Outcome. Quality of Life. Double-Blind Method. ... Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number): Papp K, Bissonnette R, Rosoph L ...
severity of illness index. *respiratory infection. Introduction. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the leading cause of ... CURB65, CRB65 and the Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI) are the most widely recommended severity scores. The aim of this study was ... The pneumonia severity index: a decade after the initial derivation and validation. Clin Infect Dis 2008;47(Suppl 3):S133-9. ... Comparing the pneumonia severity index with CURB-65 in patients admitted with community acquired pneumonia. Scand J Infect Dis ...
Severity of Illness Index Additional Document Info volume * 27 issue * 2 HealthPartners Institute. 8170 33rd Ave S, Bloomington ...
Severity of Illness Index. 1. 2012. 16142. 0.010. Why? Disease Progression. 1. 2010. 13264. 0.010. Why? ...
And early treatment can reduce severity and complications of influenza illness.. So unfortunately we know that the decision to ... And clinicians need to maintain a high index of suspicion for influenza infection among persons with acute respiratory illness ... But well have to wait for the end of the season to know for sure where severity of activity this season will lie. ... So this figure breaks up the patients into those who were admitted on the same day or the day after their illness began - ...
Studies of illness in the aged. The index of ADL: a standardized measure of biological and psychosocial function. JAMA. 1963 ... APACHE II: a severity of disease classification system. Crit Care Med. 1985 Oct;13(10):818-29. PMID:3928249. ... Charlsons Comorbidity Index (8) was calculated to obtain the estimated 10-year chance of survival. The Katz Index of ... Our results showed no significant difference in Katz Index and Carlsons Comorbidity Index scores between the early and late ...
Severity of Illness Index, Uganda/epidemiology, Young Adult",. author = "Geraldine OHara and Jolynne Mokaya and Hau, {Jeffrey ... There was an association between the presence of HIV or HBV and raised GPR (p=0.005) and S-index (p,0.001). By multivariate ... There was an association between the presence of HIV or HBV and raised GPR (p=0.005) and S-index (p,0.001). By multivariate ... There was an association between the presence of HIV or HBV and raised GPR (p=0.005) and S-index (p,0.001). By multivariate ...
In an effort to control for severity of illness, we included comorbidity conditions. A variety of conditions were assessed in ... This cohort study followed up persons aged 25 to 74 years at the time of the index interview in the National Health and ... Finally, for participants who had died between the NHANES I index interview and the follow-up interview, information from death ... The Charlson Comorbidity Index was calculated from the responses to these questions.14 ...
A severity index was created to assess the overall burden of a disease. The index multiplies the number of cases times the ... and rates of cases of occupational illnesses were determined. Job-related illness data were from Bureau of Labor Statistics ... Illness cases increased much faster than injury cases in recent years. The two data sets provide insights into the incidences ... To describe occupational illness data in two large data sets, two national data sets were aggregated, and the numbers, ...
Our analyses relied on the AHRQ SES index as a surrogate for patient SES. Importantly, this variable is a marker of SES of the ... Similar to analyses of overall illness severity, NHB patients were more likely to experience more severe illness than NHWs in ... we found that COVID-19 illness severity steadily decreased over time. However, the temporal improvement in severity of COVID-19 ... To further evaluate severity of illness at different time points throughout the study period, we also fit models stratified by ...
... with a body mass index [BMI] lower than 16kg/m2, who need intensive treatment. This need may be due to illness severity, ... severity of comorbid disorders (e.g. depression.) and frequency and severity of exercising. In this study we will access ... If patients are too acutely unwell to give informed consent or have a severe medical or psychiatric illness (e.g. psychosis, ... Anorexia nervosa is a serious mental illness. We understand that there are multiple causes, but due to the challenges ...
INHERITED mental illnesses, long term mental and physical abuses, degree of severity of exposure to trauma and circumstances, ... The birth, longevity and severity of Post Combat Stress Disorder, PCSD is a direct result of repeatedly ignoring intense fear ... 6-29-12 NATIONAL ALLIANCE ON MENTAL ILLNESS (NAMI) DRAWS LINE IN THE SAND!. GRIFFINS LAIR NOW STANDS WITH NAMI!. NAMI - INFO ... at all levels of severity and nature, as well as instill pride and honor thus effectively lessening depression, despair, ...
Illnesses associated with vaccine failure are attenuated and have not increased in severity during the 7-10 years of follow-up ... Illness was mild in both index and secondary case-patients. Transmission to a susceptible mother from a vaccinated child in ... Illness Vaccination of persons who have severe illness should be postponed until recovery. The decision to delay vaccination ... In otherwise healthy persons, clinical illness after reexposure is rare; such illness is more likely to occur among ...
The full-stay model included disposition status, vital sign instabilities on discharge, and an updated pneumonia severity index ... and two commonly used pneumonia severity of illness scores. Also In JHM This Month. Evaluating automated rules for rapid ... and two commonly used pneumonia severity of illness scores, the full-stay pneumonia-specific model had better discrimination (C ... 0.695; P = .02; net reclassification index = 0.08). Compared with a validated multicondition readmission model, the Centers for ...
  • The aim of our study was to identify those factors related to host characteristics, the severity of pneumonia, and treatment that influence clinical stability. (nih.gov)
  • Severity assessment tools for predicting mortality in hospitalised patients with community-acquired pneumonia. (bmj.com)
  • Introduction International guidelines recommend a severity-based approach to management in community-acquired pneumonia. (bmj.com)
  • CURB65, CRB65 and the Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI) are the most widely recommended severity scores. (bmj.com)
  • Martin Meltzer] Well, Dan, pneumonia is a common illness that affects millions of people in the United States each and every year. (cdc.gov)
  • Martin Meltzer] Well, the authors of the study on pneumonia did adjust for pre-existing medical conditions by using a severity-of-illness scale, called the Charlson Comorbidity Index. (cdc.gov)
  • The first-day, pneumonia-specific model included sociodemographic factors, prior hospitalizations, thrombocytosis, and a modified pneumonia severity index. (the-hospitalist.org)
  • The full-stay model included disposition status, vital sign instabilities on discharge, and an updated pneumonia severity index calculated using values from the day of discharge as additional predictors. (the-hospitalist.org)
  • This approach outperforms a first-day, pneumonia-specific model, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services pneumonia model, and two commonly used pneumonia severity of illness scores. (the-hospitalist.org)
  • The Deyo adaptation of the Charlson Comorbidity Index was used to identify and classify coexisting conditions ( 1,2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Some coexisting conditions were classified by the Deyo adaptation of the Charlson Comorbidity Index ( 1,2 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Patient demographics included age, gender, insurance, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), number of Healthcare Cost and Utilization project, chronic conditions (both psychiatric and medical), medication use, and emergency department (ED) and hospital visits. (psychiatrictimes.com)
  • Univariable analysis showed age, CFS, Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), age-adjusted CCI and cognitive decline associated with in-hospital mortality. (researchsquare.com)
  • The Table is a listing of signs and symptoms that correspond to the different severity categories. (cdc.gov)
  • When using the Table , only signs and symptoms related to the pertinent acute pesticide-related illness or injury should be considered (i.e. only consider those signs and symptoms used to classify the acute pesticide-related illness and injury as definite, probable, possible, or suspicious). (cdc.gov)
  • The list of signs and symptoms provided in the Table is not comprehensive, but instead provides examples to assist in assessing severity. (cdc.gov)
  • O bsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common neuropsychiatric disorder that follows a chronic course with fluctuations in the severity of symptoms. (psychiatrist.com)
  • We will over-sample patients with lower respiratory illness to ensure that at least two thirds have these symptoms. (cdc.gov)
  • Similar signs and symptoms, with varying degrees of severity, developed in 5 other family members living in the same household. (cdc.gov)
  • This study aimed to examine the severity of symptoms between COVID-19 participants with and without diabetes. (medrech.com)
  • Oscillo has no side effects, and has been shown in clinical studies to help reduce both the duration and the severity of flu-like symptoms. (boironusa.com)
  • Outcomes included Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue (FACIT-F), 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), EuroQol 5-Dimension-5-Level (EQ-5D-5L) and work productivity. (medscape.com)
  • Assessment of asthma severity in adults with asthma treated by family practitioners, allergists, and pulmonologists. (cdc.gov)
  • These measures aid in identifying an individual patient's illness perceptions, are strongly associated with the patient's quality of life, and foster shared decision-making between patients and physicians, which is required for the successful long-term management of Crohn's disease. (medscape.com)
  • A severity index was created to assess the overall burden of a disease. (cdc.gov)
  • Researchers have developed an index scale to help physicians predict a patient's risk of dying from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (news-medical.net)
  • High beryllium-stimulated TNF-alpha is associated with the -308 TNF-alpha promoter polymorphism and with clinical severity in chronic beryllium disease. (ucdenver.edu)
  • Based on the study findings, it is recommended that guidelines be devised to promote social support to reduce uncertainty in illness regarding ambiguity and unpredictability so as to enhance the health status of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. (tci-thaijo.org)
  • When compared to elderly persons with CAP, patients with NHAP have been found to have increased levels of dependency, cerebrovascular disease, disease severity and mortality. (ersjournals.com)
  • The Pediatric Crohn Disease Activity Index (PCDAI) was designed to allow patient stratification by disease severity and to create a score that could measure response to therapeutic interventions in pediatric patients with Crohns disease. (medscape.com)
  • It was developed by examining clinical and laboratory data on 133 children and adolescents with Crohn's disease and validating this against an index of severity of illness previously developed by a group of senior pediatric gastroenterologists. (medscape.com)
  • Development and validation of a pediatric Crohn's disease activity index. (medscape.com)
  • OA was surgically induced in the knee joints of mice, and disease severity was scored using a semiquantitative grading system. (omeka.net)
  • Inhibition of IL‐6 expression and significantly reduced OA severity in Zcchc6−/− mice identify ZCCHC6 as a novel therapeutic target to inhibit disease pathogenesis. (omeka.net)
  • The results indicate that recently developed polygenic biomarkers for asthma, allergic disease, and COVID-19 hospitalization capture some of the individual differences in severity and clinical course of COVID-19 illness in a community population. (cdc.gov)
  • Genomics and phenomics of body mass index reveals a complex disease network. (cdc.gov)
  • They also suffer from various illnesses like high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, kidney problems, visual issues, and a host of others. (medrech.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reminds clinicians that influenza B viruses can cause severe illness in people of all ages, including children. (cdc.gov)
  • Researchers have found that a group of viruses that cause severe stomach illness-including the one famous for widespread outbreaks on cruise ships- get transmitted to humans through membrane-cloaked "virus clusters" that exacerbate the spread and severity of disease. (nih.gov)
  • CONCLUSION: Our data provide preliminary evidence that in COPD patients ICS/LABD treatment reduces the severity of STEMI acute-phase clinical manifestations compared to other inhaled treatments. (elsevier.com)
  • Genetic Inactivation of ZCCHC6 Suppresses Interleukin‐6 Expression and Reduces the Severity of Experimental Osteoarthritis in Mice. (omeka.net)
  • The ADO index can help physicians assess the severity of a patient's illness to determine the appropriate level of treatment. (news-medical.net)
  • We hope that it will provide new clues to fighting a wide range of diseases involving many types of viruses, including those that cause gastrointestinal illnesses, heart inflammation, certain respiratory illnesses, and even the common cold. (nih.gov)
  • As part of the life-saving care in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU), preterm and very low birth weight infants experience multiple stressors in the neonatal period, such as extended exposure to light and noise, acute and chronic illness, maternal separation, painful invasive procedures, excessive handling, and multiple medications 3,4 . (bvsalud.org)
  • These changes in thyroid function test results are observed in most of the acute and chronic illnesses. (medscape.com)
  • Severity scores may overcome these difficulties by providing objective classification of patients into low, intermediate and high risk categories based on robust, validated markers of poor outcome. (bmj.com)
  • Our primary outcome was COVID-19 severity of illness among hospitalised patients, assessed by racial/ethnic group status. (bmj.com)
  • We describe a 'risk-index' approach combining genetic, demographic and clinical data and test its ability to predict diagnostic outcome following CBT in anxious children. (ox.ac.uk)
  • RESULTS: In predicting treatment outcome, six variables had a minimum mean beta value of 0.5:5HTTLPR, NGF rs6330, gender, primary anxiety severity, comorbid mood disorder and comorbid externalising disorder. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Medical charts were reviewed to assess infants' clinical illness characteristics at the neonatal phase. (bvsalud.org)
  • CAP was defined as the presence of an acute illness of ⪕21 days duration with the following. (ersjournals.com)
  • Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), thyroxine (T4), free T4 (FT4), and free T4 index (FTI) also are affected in variable degrees based on the severity and duration of the NTI. (medscape.com)
  • Among acute-phase sera, specimens from five patients, collected during the first 5 days of illness, were evaluated for dengue viruses by RT-PCR for serotype-specific dengue viral RNA ( 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Dates of onset for cases of dengue fever and other febrile illnesses among employees of the expatriate recreation club. (cdc.gov)
  • Dengue fever was confirmed in 13 (12%) of 107 employees, including 12 employees who experienced illness onset within a 10-day period in October ( Table 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The present study uncovers specific microRNA expression signatures associated with ME/CFS in response to PEM induction and reports microRNA expression patterns associated to specific symptom severities. (nature.com)
  • FAQ: Is a personality disorder a mental illness or a character flaw? (bpdfamily.com)
  • The more we demand training and supervisory support of the professionals working with mental illness, the faster this will unfold. (bpdfamily.com)
  • The creative commons attribution-no derivatives of mental illness. (amanovaraonlus.it)
  • Slenderman: Online Obsession, Mental Illness, and the Violent Crime of Two Midwestern Girls (Libro e está en espera y se enviará tan pronto como vuelva a estar disponible. (cadabrabooks.com)
  • Descripción: The first full account of the Slenderman stabbing, a true crime narrative of mental illness, the American judicial system, the trials of adolescence, and the power of the internetOn May 31, 2014, in the Milwaukee suburb of Waukesha, Wisconsin, two twelve-year-old girls attempted to stab their classmate to death. (cadabrabooks.com)
  • Yet the even more urgent aspect of the story, that the children involved suffered from undiagnosed mental illnesses, often went overlooked in coverage of the case.Slenderman: Online Obsession, Mental Illness, and the Violent Crime of Two Midwestern Girls tells that full story for the first time in deeply researched detail, using court transcripts, police reports, individual reporting, and exclusive interviews. (cadabrabooks.com)
  • It's that serious mental illness can manifest in people who seem far too young to have such adult problems. (cadabrabooks.com)
  • If there is treated by a mental illness. (mrcpromotions.com)
  • Some studies suggest clinical benefit among hospitalized patients and young children with febrile illness even when treatment was started three to five days after illness onset. (cdc.gov)
  • As the severity of the NTI increases, both serum T3 and T4 levels drop, but they gradually normalize as the patient recovers, as shown in the image below. (medscape.com)
  • Relationship between serum thyroid hormone concentrations and severity of nonthyroidal illness (NTI). (medscape.com)
  • Serum blood samples for figuring out anti-SARS-CoV-2-S IgG have been procured coupled with pseudonymized CoVacSer analysis surveys, together with bodily situation, private danger components, demographic information, and work capability index (WAI) and World Well being Group high quality of life (WHOQOLBREF) questionnaires. (visualassembler.com)
  • 2 3 There is evidence that, using clinical judgement, physicians may both overestimate and underestimate the severity of CAP, leading to inappropriate hospitalisation for mild cases that may be treated at home, or insufficiently aggressive interventions for patients at high risk of complications. (bmj.com)
  • The two data sets provide insights into the incidences and prevalences of occupational illnesses, but underestimate the burden of job-related illnesses. (cdc.gov)
  • 6-13 Influenza antiviral medications are most effective in treating influenza and reducing complications when treatment is started early (within 48 hours of illness onset). (cdc.gov)
  • Increased hospitalization ited by methodologic challenges that include small sample associated with MDR Acinetobacter infection emphasizes sizes, failure to control for severity of illness before infec- the need for infection control strategies to prevent cross- tion, and failure to exclude patients colonized with transmission in healthcare settings. (cdc.gov)
  • 4 So far this season, influenza B virus infections account for about half of hospitalizations reported through CDC's laboratory-confirmed influenza hospitalization surveillance network and the majority of reported influenza-associated pediatric deaths ( https://www.cdc.gov/flu/weekly/index.htm ). (cdc.gov)
  • COPD, which comprises emphysema and chronic bronchitis, is a major public health problem and it is the fourth leading cause of death in the U.S. The study of the ADO index is published in the August 29 edition of the Lancet. (news-medical.net)
  • Do GOLD stages of COPD severity really correspond to differences in health status? (tci-thaijo.org)
  • AIM: To investigate and compare the severity of the clinical presentation of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and of the short-(7days) and long-term-(end of follow up) mortality in COPD patients treated with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS)/long-acting bronchodilator (LABD) - either long-acting beta2 agonist (LABA) or long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) - vs. any other inhaled treatments. (elsevier.com)
  • heroically as those with valor awards are most likely to be wounded by enemy inflicted PCSD and suffer a higher degree of severity! (angelfire.com)
  • Il s'agissait d'une étude observationnelle transversale analytique réalisée, du 1er mars 2019 au 31 juillet 2019, en consultation d'hépato-gastroentérologie du CHU de Yopougon. (bvsalud.org)
  • The immunization of healthcare employees (HCWs) in opposition to CoV illness 2019 (COVID-19) stays vital given the current SARS-CoV-2 an infection dynamics and the quick unfold of viral variants of concern (VOC), significantly Omicron. (visualassembler.com)
  • Recommendations Healthcare facilities should ensure that infants be exclusively breastfed for about 10 times more likely to have a family contact (the index patient) who contracted Zika virus infection with avian flu outbreaks: 2012 Multi-State Outbreak: From December 2018 and 2019 to March 1, 2019. (bookmyaward.com)
  • Dehydration, even in mild form, can increase the development and severity of constipation in cats. (cat-lovers-only.com)
  • This category includes cases of less severe illness or injury often involving systemic manifestations. (cdc.gov)
  • Usually, less time is lost from work or normal activities ( 3-5 days), compared to those with severe illness or injury. (cdc.gov)
  • Hispanic/Latinx compared with non-Hispanic white patients had higher odds of experiencing more severe illness among hospitalised patients (OR 2.28, 95% CI 1.62 to 3.22) and this disparity persisted over time. (bmj.com)
  • Influenza B viruses can cause severe illness in people of all ages, including children. (cdc.gov)
  • These viruses can also cause severe illness, particularly in adults not originally exposed to currently circulating A(H1N1)pdm09 viruses. (cdc.gov)
  • Many cardiovascular diseases are becoming common these days and that increases the risk of chronic illness as well. (prorganiq.com)
  • Children scoring high on this index (5-8) were approximately three times as likely to retain their primary anxiety disorder at follow-up as compared with those children scoring 2 or less. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Anxiety severity was assessed using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. (drstubbeman.com)
  • RESEARCH resistance on outcomes of Acinetobacter infections while included patients without Acinetobacter infection who had controlling for severity of illness. (cdc.gov)
  • We studied patients admitted to the hospital with COVID-19 illness from 4 March 2020 through 5 December 2020. (bmj.com)
  • greater illness severity continues to be experienced among Hispanic/Latinx patients. (bmj.com)
  • Patients were randomly assigned to receive either sertraline or fluvoxamine after assessing the severity of illness with the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (YBOCS). (psychiatrist.com)
  • Conversely, patients rated the levels of the severity and treatment program. (amanovaraonlus.it)
  • In severe, critical illness, most patients have reduced T4 levels. (medscape.com)
  • Patients with major depression have poorer health-related quality of life than persons of the general population, or patients with chronic somatic illness. (drstubbeman.com)
  • The reliable change index (RCI) was calculated to determine clinically significant change in the eight dimension and composite scores of the SF-36 from pre-intervention to post-intervention, at the level of individual patients. (drstubbeman.com)
  • Of note, 16 patients used opioids at the time of their index visit. (ulcertalk.com)
  • The clinical and care settings of intensive care units (ICUs) are characterized by the increased severity of the patients' illness and the marked abundance of care and treatment modalities, making it difficult for the patients and their family members to provide their opinions about the experience during the patients' stay. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Asthma severity varied significantly by physician specialty. (cdc.gov)
  • The typical patient with GBS, which in most cases will manifest as acute inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (AIDP), presents 2-4 weeks following a relatively benign respiratory or gastrointestinal illness with complaints of finger dysesthesias and proximal muscle weakness of the lower extremities. (medscape.com)
  • Severity should only be assigned to acute pesticide-related illnesses or injuries classified as definite, probable, possible, or suspicious. (cdc.gov)
  • Given the wide clinical spectrum and variable levels of diagnostic testing for influenza, several surveillance programmes that target different populations are used to monitor activity of influenza and influenza-like illness (ILI) in Victoria. (who.int)
  • CDC also recommends antiviral medications for the treatment of influenza, because antiviral treatment has shown clinical and public health benefit in reducing illness and lessening severe outcomes of influenza based on evidence from randomized controlled trials, meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials, and observational studies during past influenza seasons and during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic. (cdc.gov)
  • The purpose of this study was to validate the severity-of-asthma score in subjects treated by family practice physicians and to compare asthma severity in subjects treated by family practitioners (n = 150) with those seen by allergists (n = 217) and pulmonologists (n = 384). (cdc.gov)
  • Uneétude descriptive, transversale portant sur les patientes traitées en radiothérapie à l'Hôpital Général de Douala pour cancer du col de l'utérus a été réalisée d'octobre 2020 à janvier 2021.Résultats. (bvsalud.org)
  • COVID-19 vaccination can considerably lower the severity of the SARS-CoV-2 an infection and its potential transmission. (visualassembler.com)
  • A risk index (range 0-8) constructed from these variables had moderate a predictive ability (AUC = .62-.69) in this study. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Negligible sugar content, inherently high on dietary fibres and possessing a low glycemic index (GI), these wholesome beans serve as an ideal addition to a diabetic diet. (prorganiq.com)
  • To evaluate the impact of this randomized educational intervention, hospital data on inpatient charges and length of stay (LOS) were collected for 12 common medical diagnoses and adjusted by the Severity of Illness Index. (northwestern.edu)
  • The user must be flexible when using this severity index, given that the user will not infrequently need to employ judgement and experience when assigning severity. (cdc.gov)
  • And to adjust for this, epidemiologists convert data into standardized rates-- in this case, rates of illness per 100,000 population. (cdc.gov)
  • Our research objective was to understand temporal trends in racial/ethnic variation in severity of COVID-19 illness presenting over time. (bmj.com)
  • Accurate measurement of asthma severity is critical for research evaluating asthma health outcomes. (cdc.gov)
  • There are, however, no widely accepted asthma severity measures. (cdc.gov)
  • A severity-of-asthma score, which is based on self-reported information, was previously developed and validated in subjects recruited from pulmonary and allergy subspecialty practices. (cdc.gov)
  • In the family practice subjects, the severity-of-asthma score demonstrated internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha 0.76) and concurrent validity, correlating strongly with asthma-specific quality of life, SF-36 General Health and Physical Functioning scales, and subject-perceived asthma severity. (cdc.gov)
  • The severity-of-asthma score was a valid measure in generalist-treated subjects. (cdc.gov)
  • The illness or injury is severe enough to be considered life threatening and typically requires treatment. (cdc.gov)
  • Typically the illness or injury resolves without treatment. (cdc.gov)
  • To ensure follow-up, data must have beenavailable for continued enrollment during treatment and 12 months following the index. (psychiatrictimes.com)
  • Combining these predictors within a risk index could be used to identify which children are less likely to be diagnosis-free following CBT alone and require longer or enhanced treatment. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The researchers studied norovirus and rotavirus --hard-to-treat viruses that are the most common cause of stomach illness, or gastroenteritis, and that afflicts millions of people each year. (nih.gov)
  • Until a few years ago, most scientists believed that viruses, particularly those responsible for stomach illnesses, could only behave as independent infectious agents. (nih.gov)
  • and (2) either Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) score = 20 or Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) score = 8. (who.int)
  • Depression severity was assessed using the 21-item self-report Beck Depression Inventory. (drstubbeman.com)
  • 3) Cohen T, Jackson A.M. Dual Diagnosis: substance abuse and psychiatric illness. (adicciones.es)
  • Physiology Score was calculated to adjust for severity of illness ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The mean severity score was highest in the pulmonary group (11.8 +/- 6.3), followed by the allergy (10.3 +/- 5.3) and family practice (9.3 +/- 5.5) groups. (cdc.gov)