Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
The personal cost of acute or chronic disease. The cost to the patient may be an economic, social, or psychological cost or personal loss to self, family, or immediate community. The cost of illness may be reflected in absenteeism, productivity, response to treatment, peace of mind, or QUALITY OF LIFE. It differs from HEALTH CARE COSTS, meaning the societal cost of providing services related to the delivery of health care, rather than personal impact on individuals.
A disease or state in which death is possible or imminent.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Coordinate set of non-specific behavioral responses to non-psychiatric illness. These may include loss of APPETITE or LIBIDO; disinterest in ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING; or withdrawal from social interaction.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
An expression of the number of mitoses found in a stated number of cells.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
A numerical system of measuring the rate of BLOOD GLUCOSE generation from a particular food item as compared to a reference item, such as glucose = 100. Foods with higher glycemic index numbers create greater blood sugar swings.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The confinement of a patient in a hospital.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Invasion of the host RESPIRATORY SYSTEM by microorganisms, usually leading to pathological processes or diseases.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
An abnormal elevation of body temperature, usually as a result of a pathologic process.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Set of expectations that exempt persons from responsibility for their illness and exempt them from usual responsibilities.
Disorders in which there is a loss of ego boundaries or a gross impairment in reality testing with delusions or prominent hallucinations. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
Acute illnesses, usually affecting the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, brought on by consuming contaminated food or beverages. Most of these diseases are infectious, caused by a variety of bacteria, viruses, or parasites that can be foodborne. Sometimes the diseases are caused by harmful toxins from the microbes or other chemicals present in the food. Especially in the latter case, the condition is often called food poisoning.
A major affective disorder marked by severe mood swings (manic or major depressive episodes) and a tendency to remission and recurrence.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Persons with psychiatric illnesses or diseases, particularly psychotic and severe mood disorders.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
An affective disorder manifested by either a dysphoric mood or loss of interest or pleasure in usual activities. The mood disturbance is prominent and relatively persistent.
A state of harmony between internal needs and external demands and the processes used in achieving this condition. (From APA Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
The measurement of the health status for a given population using a variety of indices, including morbidity, mortality, and available health resources.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Comparison of the BLOOD PRESSURE between the BRACHIAL ARTERY and the POSTERIOR TIBIAL ARTERY. It is a predictor of PERIPHERAL ARTERIAL DISEASE.
Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
A graphic means for assessing the ability of a screening test to discriminate between healthy and diseased persons; may also be used in other studies, e.g., distinguishing stimuli responses as to a faint stimuli or nonstimuli.
An increased liquidity or decreased consistency of FECES, such as running stool. Fecal consistency is related to the ratio of water-holding capacity of insoluble solids to total water, rather than the amount of water present. Diarrhea is not hyperdefecation or increased fecal weight.
Hospital units providing continuous surveillance and care to acutely ill patients.
Scales, questionnaires, tests, and other methods used to assess pain severity and duration in patients or experimental animals to aid in diagnosis, therapy, and physiological studies.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
Research aimed at assessing the quality and effectiveness of health care as measured by the attainment of a specified end result or outcome. Measures include parameters such as improved health, lowered morbidity or mortality, and improvement of abnormal states (such as elevated blood pressure).
A catarrhal disorder of the upper respiratory tract, which may be viral or a mixed infection. It generally involves a runny nose, nasal congestion, and sneezing.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
An oversimplified perception or conception especially of persons, social groups, etc.
Infection of the lung often accompanied by inflammation.
The performance of the basic activities of self care, such as dressing, ambulation, or eating.
A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.
Determination of the degree of a physical, mental, or emotional handicap. The diagnosis is applied to legal qualification for benefits and income under disability insurance and to eligibility for Social Security and workmen's compensation benefits.
Diseases in any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
PRESSURE of the BLOOD on the ARTERIES and other BLOOD VESSELS.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
Marked depression appearing in the involution period and characterized by hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, and agitation.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The period of confinement of a patient to a hospital or other health facility.
The science and art of collecting, summarizing, and analyzing data that are subject to random variation. The term is also applied to the data themselves and to the summarization of the data.
Simultaneous and continuous monitoring of several parameters during sleep to study normal and abnormal sleep. The study includes monitoring of brain waves, to assess sleep stages, and other physiological variables such as breathing, eye movements, and blood oxygen levels which exhibit a disrupted pattern with sleep disturbances.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
The state of weariness following a period of exertion, mental or physical, characterized by a decreased capacity for work and reduced efficiency to respond to stimuli.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
The proportion of patients with a particular disease during a given year per given unit of population.
An acronym for Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation, a scoring system using routinely collected data and providing an accurate, objective description for a broad range of intensive care unit admissions, measuring severity of illness in critically ill patients.
A disorder characterized by recurrent apneas during sleep despite persistent respiratory efforts. It is due to upper airway obstruction. The respiratory pauses may induce HYPERCAPNIA or HYPOXIA. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur. Frequent partial arousals occur throughout sleep, resulting in relative SLEEP DEPRIVATION and daytime tiredness. Associated conditions include OBESITY; ACROMEGALY; MYXEDEMA; micrognathia; MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY; adenotonsilar dystrophy; and NEUROMUSCULAR DISEASES. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p395)
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
A disease of chronic diffuse irreversible airflow obstruction. Subcategories of COPD include CHRONIC BRONCHITIS and PULMONARY EMPHYSEMA.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
An acute or prolonged illness usually considered to be life-threatening or with the threat of serious residual disability. Treatment may be radical and is frequently costly.
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.
A person's view of himself.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).
An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
A class of statistical procedures for estimating the survival function (function of time, starting with a population 100% well at a given time and providing the percentage of the population still well at later times). The survival analysis is then used for making inferences about the effects of treatments, prognostic factors, exposures, and other covariates on the function.
Persons who provide care to those who need supervision or assistance in illness or disability. They may provide the care in the home, in a hospital, or in an institution. Although caregivers include trained medical, nursing, and other health personnel, the concept also refers to parents, spouses, or other family members, friends, members of the clergy, teachers, social workers, fellow patients.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
An acute febrile disease transmitted by the bite of AEDES mosquitoes infected with DENGUE VIRUS. It is self-limiting and characterized by fever, myalgia, headache, and rash. SEVERE DENGUE is a more virulent form of dengue.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
Health care provided to a critically ill patient during a medical emergency or crisis.
Measurement of the various processes involved in the act of respiration: inspiration, expiration, oxygen and carbon dioxide exchange, lung volume and compliance, etc.
Advanced and highly specialized care provided to medical or surgical patients whose conditions are life-threatening and require comprehensive care and constant monitoring. It is usually administered in specially equipped units of a health care facility.
A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.
The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.
The process of accepting patients. The concept includes patients accepted for medical and nursing care in a hospital or other health care institution.
Epidemics of infectious disease that have spread to many countries, often more than one continent, and usually affecting a large number of people.
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Glucose in blood.
Hospital department responsible for the administration and provision of immediate medical or surgical care to the emergency patient.
Agents that control agitated psychotic behavior, alleviate acute psychotic states, reduce psychotic symptoms, and exert a quieting effect. They are used in SCHIZOPHRENIA; senile dementia; transient psychosis following surgery; or MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; etc. These drugs are often referred to as neuroleptics alluding to the tendency to produce neurological side effects, but not all antipsychotics are likely to produce such effects. Many of these drugs may also be effective against nausea, emesis, and pruritus.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
A syndrome characterized by persistent or recurrent fatigue, diffuse musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbances, and subjective cognitive impairment of 6 months duration or longer. Symptoms are not caused by ongoing exertion; are not relieved by rest; and result in a substantial reduction of previous levels of occupational, educational, social, or personal activities. Minor alterations of immune, neuroendocrine, and autonomic function may be associated with this syndrome. There is also considerable overlap between this condition and FIBROMYALGIA. (From Semin Neurol 1998;18(2):237-42; Ann Intern Med 1994 Dec 15;121(12): 953-9)
Categorical classification of MENTAL DISORDERS based on criteria sets with defining features. It is produced by the American Psychiatric Association. (DSM-IV, page xxii)
The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.
The degree to which the individual regards the health care service or product or the manner in which it is delivered by the provider as useful, effective, or beneficial.
A latent susceptibility to disease at the genetic level, which may be activated under certain conditions.
The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.
Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.
Persistent and disabling ANXIETY.
Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Persons with an incurable or irreversible illness at the end stage that will result in death within a short time. (From O'Leary et al., Lexikon: Dictionary of Health Care Terms, Organizations, and Acronyms for the Era of Reform, 1994, p780)
The movement and the forces involved in the movement of the blood through the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
"Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.
A class of traumatic stress disorders with symptoms that last more than one month. There are various forms of post-traumatic stress disorder, depending on the time of onset and the duration of these stress symptoms. In the acute form, the duration of the symptoms is between 1 to 3 months. In the chronic form, symptoms last more than 3 months. With delayed onset, symptoms develop more than 6 months after the traumatic event.
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
A general term for diseases produced by viruses.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
A vital statistic measuring or recording the rate of death from any cause in hospitalized populations.
Country located in EUROPE. It is bordered by the NORTH SEA, BELGIUM, and GERMANY. Constituent areas are Aruba, Curacao, Sint Maarten, formerly included in the NETHERLANDS ANTILLES.
The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.
The health status of the family as a unit including the impact of the health of one member of the family on the family as a unit and on individual family members; also, the impact of family organization or disorganization on the health status of its members.
Organized services to provide mental health care.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
A set of statistical methods for analyzing the correlations among several variables in order to estimate the number of fundamental dimensions that underlie the observed data and to describe and measure those dimensions. It is used frequently in the development of scoring systems for rating scales and questionnaires.
The degree of closeness or acceptance an individual or group feels toward another individual or group.
Adaptation of the person to the social environment. Adjustment may take place by adapting the self to the environment or by changing the environment. (From Campbell, Psychiatric Dictionary, 1996)
Measure of the maximum amount of air that can be expelled in a given number of seconds during a FORCED VITAL CAPACITY determination . It is usually given as FEV followed by a subscript indicating the number of seconds over which the measurement is made, although it is sometimes given as a percentage of forced vital capacity.
Female parents, human or animal.
Persons who receive ambulatory care at an outpatient department or clinic without room and board being provided.
A subclass of DIABETES MELLITUS that is not INSULIN-responsive or dependent (NIDDM). It is characterized initially by INSULIN RESISTANCE and HYPERINSULINEMIA; and eventually by GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; HYPERGLYCEMIA; and overt diabetes. Type II diabetes mellitus is no longer considered a disease exclusively found in adults. Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.
The actual costs of providing services related to the delivery of health care, including the costs of procedures, therapies, and medications. It is differentiated from HEALTH EXPENDITURES, which refers to the amount of money paid for the services, and from fees, which refers to the amount charged, regardless of cost.
An immunoassay utilizing an antibody labeled with an enzyme marker such as horseradish peroxidase. While either the enzyme or the antibody is bound to an immunosorbent substrate, they both retain their biologic activity; the change in enzyme activity as a result of the enzyme-antibody-antigen reaction is proportional to the concentration of the antigen and can be measured spectrophotometrically or with the naked eye. Many variations of the method have been developed.
The study of chance processes or the relative frequency characterizing a chance process.
The proportion of survivors in a group, e.g., of patients, studied and followed over a period, or the proportion of persons in a specified group alive at the beginning of a time interval who survive to the end of the interval. It is often studied using life table methods.
Unexplained symptoms reported by veterans of the Persian Gulf War with Iraq in 1991. The symptoms reported include fatigue, skin rash, muscle and joint pain, headaches, loss of memory, shortness of breath, gastrointestinal and respiratory symptoms, and extreme sensitivity to commonly occurring chemicals. (Nature 1994 May 5;369(6475):8)
A polysymptomatic condition believed by clinical ecologists to result from immune dysregulation induced by common foods, allergens, and chemicals, resulting in various physical and mental disorders. The medical community has remained largely skeptical of the existence of this "disease", given the plethora of symptoms attributed to environmental illness, the lack of reproducible laboratory abnormalities, and the use of unproven therapies to treat the condition. (From Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)
A value equal to the total volume flow divided by the cross-sectional area of the vascular bed.
INFLAMMATION of the PANCREAS. Pancreatitis is classified as acute unless there are computed tomographic or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographic findings of CHRONIC PANCREATITIS (International Symposium on Acute Pancreatitis, Atlanta, 1992). The two most common forms of acute pancreatitis are ALCOHOLIC PANCREATITIS and gallstone pancreatitis.
A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.
A chronic systemic disease, primarily of the joints, marked by inflammatory changes in the synovial membranes and articular structures, widespread fibrinoid degeneration of the collagen fibers in mesenchymal tissues, and by atrophy and rarefaction of bony structures. Etiology is unknown, but autoimmune mechanisms have been implicated.
Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.
Substances that reduce the growth or reproduction of BACTERIA.
A directed conversation aimed at eliciting information for psychiatric diagnosis, evaluation, treatment planning, etc. The interview may be conducted by a social worker or psychologist.
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Noninflammatory degenerative disease of the knee joint consisting of three large categories: conditions that block normal synchronous movement, conditions that produce abnormal pathways of motion, and conditions that cause stress concentration resulting in changes to articular cartilage. (Crenshaw, Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics, 8th ed, p2019)
A plasma protein that circulates in increased amounts during inflammation and after tissue damage.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.

Paediatric, invasive pneumococcal disease in Switzerland, 1985-1994. Swiss Pneumococcal Study Group. (1/30167)

BACKGROUND: Cost effective use of new vaccines against pneumococcal disease in children requires detailed information about the local epidemiology of pneumococcal infections. METHODS: Data on 393 culture-confirmed cases of invasive pneumococcal infection in children (<17 years) hospitalized in Swiss paediatric clinics were collected retrospectively for the years 1985-1994. RESULTS: Meningitis (42%) was most frequent, followed by pneumonia (28%) and bacteraemia (26%). The overall annual incidence was 2.7 cases per 100000 children <17 years old and 11 cases per 100000 children <2 years old. Annual incidence rates were stable over the study period. Lethality was high for meningitis (8.6%) and bacteraemia (8.9%). A history of basal skull fracture was reported in 3.3% of children with pneumococcal meningitis. Residence in a rural region was associated with an increased risk of pneumococcal infection (relative risk = 1.45, 95% confidence interval: 1.01-2.00). CONCLUSIONS: Paediatric, invasive pneumococcal disease seems to be less frequent in Switzerland than in other European and non-European countries. This may be due to differences in diagnostic strategies and lower frequency of risk factors such as the use of day care. Children with a history of basal skull fracture are at increased risk for pneumococcal meningitis. Further investigation of the association of invasive pneumococcal infection with rural residence and the use of antibiotics for upper respiratory tract infections might give new insight into the dynamics of Streptococcus pneumoniae infection and the development of antibiotic resistance.  (+info)

Dose-loading with hydroxychloroquine improves the rate of response in early, active rheumatoid arthritis: a randomized, double-blind six-week trial with eighteen-week extension. (2/30167)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the usefulness of hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) dose-loading to increase the percentage of responders or rate of response in treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Two hundred twelve patients with early RA (mean duration 1.5 years) were enrolled in a 24-week trial. Patients were stabilized with 1,000 mg naproxen/day and then began a 6-week, double-blind trial comparing treatment with HCQ at 400 mg/day (n = 71), 800 mg/day (n = 71), and 1,200 mg/day (n = 66), followed by 18 weeks of open-label HCQ treatment at 400 mg/day. RESULTS: All patients had mild, active disease at the time of initiation of HCQ treatment (31-43% rheumatoid factor positive; no previous disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs; mean swollen joint count 8.6-10.4). Based on the Paulus criteria, response during the 6-week double-blind portion of the study was 47.97%, 57.7%, and 63.6% in the 400 mg/day, 800 mg/day, and 1,200 mg/day groups, respectively (P = 0.052). Discontinuations for adverse events were dose related (3 in the 400 mg/day group, 5 in the 800 mg/day group, 6 in the 1,200 mg/day group). Most involved the gastrointestinal (GI) system, with the background naproxen treatment possibly contributing. Ocular abnormalities occurred in 17 of 212 patients (8%) but were not dose related. CONCLUSION: Dose-loading with HCQ increased the degree of response at 6 weeks in this group of patients with early, predominantly seronegative RA. Adverse GI events were dose related, while adverse ocular events were not.  (+info)

Genetic influences on cervical and lumbar disc degeneration: a magnetic resonance imaging study in twins. (3/30167)

OBJECTIVE: Degenerative intervertebral disc disease is common; however, the importance of genetic factors is unknown. This study sought to determine the extent of genetic influences on disc degeneration by classic twin study methods using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: We compared MRI features of degenerative disc disease in the cervical and lumbar spine of 172 monozygotic and 154 dizygotic twins (mean age 51.7 and 54.4, respectively) who were unselected for back pain or disc disease. An overall score for disc degeneration was calculated as the sum of the grades for disc height, bulge, osteophytosis, and signal intensity at each level. A "severe disease" score (excluding minor grades) and an "extent of disease" score (number of levels affected) were also calculated. RESULTS: For the overall score, heritability was 74% (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 64-81%) at the lumbar spine and 73% (95% CI 64-80%) at the cervical spine. For "severe disease," heritability was 64% and 79% at the lumbar and cervical spine, respectively, and for "extent of disease," heritability was 63% and 63%, respectively. These results were adjusted for age, weight, height, smoking, occupational manual work, and exercise. Examination of individual features revealed that disc height and bulge were highly heritable at both sites, and osteophytes were heritable in the lumbar spine. CONCLUSION: These results suggest an important genetic influence on variation in intervertebral disc degeneration. However, variation in disc signal is largely influenced by environmental factors shared by twins. The use of MRI scans to determine the phenotype in family and population studies should allow a better understanding of disease mechanisms and the identification of the genes involved.  (+info)

Validation of the Rockall risk scoring system in upper gastrointestinal bleeding. (4/30167)

BACKGROUND: Several scoring systems have been developed to predict the risk of rebleeding or death in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). These risk scoring systems have not been validated in a new patient population outside the clinical context of the original study. AIMS: To assess internal and external validity of a simple risk scoring system recently developed by Rockall and coworkers. METHODS: Calibration and discrimination were assessed as measures of validity of the scoring system. Internal validity was assessed using an independent, but similar patient sample studied by Rockall and coworkers, after developing the scoring system (Rockall's validation sample). External validity was assessed using patients admitted to several hospitals in Amsterdam (Vreeburg's validation sample). Calibration was evaluated by a chi2 goodness of fit test, and discrimination was evaluated by calculating the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: Calibration indicated a poor fit in both validation samples for the prediction of rebleeding (p<0.0001, Vreeburg; p=0.007, Rockall), but a better fit for the prediction of mortality in both validation samples (p=0.2, Vreeburg; p=0.3, Rockall). The areas under the ROC curves were rather low in both validation samples for the prediction of rebleeding (0.61, Vreeburg; 0.70, Rockall), but higher for the prediction of mortality (0.73, Vreeburg; 0.81, Rockall). CONCLUSIONS: The risk scoring system developed by Rockall and coworkers is a clinically useful scoring system for stratifying patients with acute UGIB into high and low risk categories for mortality. For the prediction of rebleeding, however, the performance of this scoring system was unsatisfactory.  (+info)

Loss of heterozygosity (LOH), malignancy grade and clonality in microdissected prostate cancer. (5/30167)

The aim of the present study was to find out whether increasing malignancy of prostate carcinoma correlates with an overall increase of loss of heterozygosity (LOH), and whether LOH typing of microdissected tumour areas can help to distinguish between multifocal or clonal tumour development. In 47 carcinomas analysed at 25 chromosomal loci, the overall LOH rate was found to be significantly lower in grade 1 areas (2.2%) compared with grade 2 (9.4%) and grade 3 areas (8.3%, P = 0.007). A similar tendency was found for the mean fractional allele loss (FAL, 0.043 for grade 1, 0.2 for grade 2 and 0.23 for grade 3, P = 0.0004). Of 20 tumours (65%) with LOH in several microdissected areas, 13 had identical losses at 1-4 loci within two or three areas, suggesting clonal development of these areas. Markers near RB, DCC, BBC1, TP53 and at D13S325 (13q21-22) showed higher loss rates in grades 2 and 3 (between 25% and 44.4%) compared with grade 1 (0-6.6%). Tumour-suppressor genes (TSGs) near these loci might, thus, be important for tumour progression. TP53 mutations were detected in 27%, but BBC1 mutations in only 7%, of samples with LOH. Evaluation of all 25 loci in every tumour made evident that each prostate cancer has its own pattern of allelic losses.  (+info)

Incidence and duration of hospitalizations among persons with AIDS: an event history approach. (6/30167)

OBJECTIVE: To analyze hospitalization patterns of persons with AIDS (PWAs) in a multi-state/multi-episode continuous time duration framework. DATA SOURCES: PWAs on Medicaid identified through a match between the state's AIDS Registry and Medicaid eligibility files; hospital admission and discharge dates identified through Medicaid claims. STUDY DESIGN: Using a Weibull event history framework, we model the hazard of transition between hospitalized and community spells, incorporating the competing risk of death in each of these states. Simulations are used to translate these parameters into readily interpretable estimates of length of stay, the probability that a hospitalization will end in death, and the probability that a nonhospitalized person will be hospitalized within 90 days. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In multivariate analyses, participation in a Medicaid waiver program offering case management and home care was associated with hospital stays 1.3 days shorter than for nonparticipants. African American race and Hispanic ethnicity were associated with hospital stays 1.2 days and 1.0 day longer than for non-Hispanic whites; African Americans also experienced more frequent hospital admissions. Residents of the high-HIV-prevalence area of the state had more frequent admissions and stays two days longer than those residing elsewhere in the state. Older PWAs experienced less frequent hospital admissions but longer stays, with hospitalizations of 55-year-olds lasting 8.25 days longer than those of 25-year-olds. CONCLUSIONS: Much socioeconomic and geographic variability exists both in the incidence and in the duration of hospitalization among persons with AIDS in New Jersey. Event history analysis provides a useful statistical framework for analysis of these variations, deals appropriately with data in which duration of observation varies from individual to individual, and permits the competing risk of death to be incorporated into the model. Transition models of this type have broad applicability in modeling the risk and duration of hospitalization in chronic illnesses.  (+info)

Natural history of dysplasia of the uterine cervix. (7/30167)

BACKGROUND: A historical cohort of Toronto (Ontario, Canada) women whose Pap smear histories were recorded at a major cytopathology laboratory provided the opportunity to study progression and regression of cervical dysplasia in an era (1962-1980) during which cervical squamous lesions were managed conservatively. METHODS: Actuarial and Cox's survival analyses were used to estimate the rates and relative risks of progression and regression of mild (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 1 [CIN1]) and moderate (CIN2) dysplasias. In addition, more than 17,000 women with a history of Pap smears between 1970 and 1980 inclusive and who were diagnosed as having mild, moderate, or severe dysplasia were linked to the Ontario Cancer Registry for the outcome of any subsequent cervical cancers occurring through 1989. RESULTS: Both mild and moderate dysplasias were more likely to regress than to progress. The risk of progression from mild to severe dysplasia or worse was only 1% per year, but the risk of progression from moderate dysplasia was 16% within 2 years and 25% within 5 years. Most of the excess risk of cervical cancer for severe and moderate dysplasias occurred within 2 years of the initial dysplastic smear. After 2 years, in comparison with mild dysplasia, the relative risks for progression from severe or moderate dysplasia to cervical cancer in situ or worse was 4.2 (95% confidence interval [CI] = 3.0-5.7) and 2.5 (95% CI = 2.2-3.0), respectively. CONCLUSION: The risk of progression for moderate dysplasia was intermediate between the risks for mild and severe dysplasia; thus, the moderate category may represent a clinically useful distinction. The majority of untreated mild dysplasias were recorded as regressing to yield a normal smear within 2 years.  (+info)

Plasma-soluble CD30 in childhood tuberculosis: effects of disease severity, nutritional status, and vitamin A therapy. (8/30167)

Plasma-soluble CD30 (sCD30) is the result of proteolytic splicing from the membrane-bound form of CD30, a putative marker of type 2 cytokine-producing cells. We measured sCD30 levels in children with tuberculosis, a disease characterized by prominent type 1 lymphocyte cytokine responses. We postulated that disease severity and nutritional status would alter cytokine responses and therefore sCD30 levels. Samples from South African children enrolled prospectively at the time of diagnosis of tuberculosis were analyzed. (Patients were originally enrolled in a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled study of the effects of oral vitamin A supplementation on prognosis of tuberculosis.) Plasma samples collected at the time of diagnosis and 6 and 12 weeks later (during antituberculosis therapy) were analyzed. sCD30 levels were measured by enzyme immunoassay. The 91 children included in the study demonstrated high levels of sCD30 at diagnosis (median, 98 U/liter; range, 11 to 1,569 U/liter). Although there was a trend toward higher sCD30 levels in more severe disease (e.g., culture-positive disease or miliary disease), this was not statistically significant. Significantly higher sCD30 levels were demonstrated in the presence of nutritional compromise: the sCD30 level was higher in patients with a weight below the third percentile for age, in those with clinical signs of kwashiorkor, and in those with a low hemoglobin content. There was minimal change in the sCD30 level after 12 weeks of therapy, even though patients improved clinically. However, changes in sCD30 after 12 weeks differed significantly when 46 patients (51%) who received vitamin A were compared with those who had received a placebo. Vitamin A-supplemented children demonstrated a mean (+/- standard error of the mean) decrease in sCD30 by a factor of 0.99 +/- 0.02 over 12 weeks, whereas a factor increase of 1.05 +/- 0.02 was demonstrated in the placebo group (P = 0.02). We conclude that children with tuberculosis had high sCD30 levels, which may reflect the presence of a type 2 cytokine response. Nutritional compromise was associated with higher sCD30 levels. Vitamin A therapy resulted in modulation of sCD30 levels over time.  (+info)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Nursing critical patient severity classification system predicts outcomes in patients admitted to surgical intensive care units: Use of data from clinical data repository. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
Genetic alteration of laboratory rodents may affect their welfare. In compliance with EU Directive 2010/63, potentially harmful phenotypes must be characterised and their effects reduced to what is strictly necessary for the experiment.. These guidelines have been published in Laboratory Animals. In addition to background information on severity classification, they include examples of the classification of the symptoms in a range of disorders: lethal factors, behavioural disorders, alterations of the skin and coat, diseases of the sensory organs, neurological diseases, diseases of the immune system, cardiovascular and haematological diseases, diseases of the respiratory tract, metabolic diseases, reproductive diseases, cancer, renal diseases and alterations of the locomotor system ...
To investigate the effects of the autonomic nervous system on control of breathing, the neuromuscular (mouth occlusion pressure at 0.1 s after onset of inspiration [P0.1]) and ventilatory (minute ventilation [VE]) response to progressive hyperoxic hypercapnia was assessed in diabetic patients with a …
Objective To develop a disease activity index for patients with primary Sjögrens syndrome (SS): the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) Sjögrens syndrome disease activity index (ESSDAI).. Methods Thirty-nine SS experts participated in an international collaboration, promoted by EULAR, to develop the ESSDAI. Experts identified 12 organ-specific domains contributing to disease activity. For each domain, features of disease activity were classified in three or four levels according to their severity. Data abstracted from 96 patients with systemic complications of primary SS were used to generate 702 realistic vignettes for which all possible systemic complications were represented. Using the 0-10 physician global assessment (PhGA) scale, each expert scored the disease activity of five patient profiles and 20 realistic vignettes. Multiple regression modelling, with PhGA used as the dependent variable, was used to estimate the weight of each domain.. Results All 12 domains were ...
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These findings suggest that the C-SSRS is suitable for assessment of suicidal ideation and behavior in clinical and research settings.
Microsoft Research & Defense published a risk assessment matrix for the August 2010, security updates.. According to Microsoft security engineers, eight of the patched vulnerabilities have a maximum severity rating of Critical with the other six having a maximum severity rating of Important. Furthermore, six of the fourteen bulletins either do not affect the latest version of Microsoft products or affect them with reduced severity.. Visit Microsoft risk assessment matrix for more information. The table helps you to prioritize the deployment of the updates appropriately for your environment.. Source: [Technet.com]. ...
Behavioral response studies (BRSs) aim to enhance our understanding of the behavior changes made by animals in response to specific exposure levels of different stimuli, often presented in an increasing dosage. Here, we focus on BRSs that aim to understand behavioral responses of free-ranging whales and dolphins to manmade acoustic signals (although the methods are applicable more generally). One desired outcome of these studies is dose-response functions relevant to different species, signals and contexts. We adapted and applied recurrent event survival analysis (Cox proportional hazard models) to data from the 3S BRS project, where multiple behavioral responses of different severities had been observed per experimental exposure and per individual based upon expert scoring. We included species, signal type, exposure number and behavioral state prior to exposure as potential covariates. The best model included all main effect terms, with the exception of exposure number, as well as two ...
It can take up to a fortnight for symptoms to even start appearing when you have Hepatitis A. Different severities of the virus show different symptoms. In older and those with pre-existing liver diseases there will be higher severity than that of younger children and adults. The typical symptoms include fever, muscular pains, vomiting/nausea, diarrhoea, weight loss, abdominal pain and the yellow discolouration of the skin and eyes.. ...
NTP Experiment-Test: 05161-06 INCIDENCE RATES OF NONNEOPLASTIC LESIONS BY ANATOMIC SITE (a) Report: PEIRPT03 Study Type: CHRONIC WITH AVERAGE SEVERITY GRADES[b] Date: 09/04/01 Route: GAVAGE RIDDELLIINE Time: 09:06:02 FINAL#2 Facility: Southern Research Institute Chemical CAS #: 23246-96-0 Lock Date: 11/17/99 Cage Range: All Reasons For Removal: All Removal Date Range: All Treatment Groups: Include All a Number of animals examined microscopically at site and number of animals with lesion b Average severity grade (1-minimal;2-mild;3-moderate;4-marked) Page 1 NTP Experiment-Test: 05161-06 INCIDENCE RATES OF NONNEOPLASTIC LESIONS BY ANATOMIC SITE (a) Report: PEIRPT03 Study Type: CHRONIC WITH AVERAGE SEVERITY GRADES[b] Date: 09/04/01 Route: GAVAGE RIDDELLIINE Time: 09:06:02 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ B6C3F1 MICE FEMALE 0 3.0 MG/KG/DY MG/KG/DY ...
Using international expert collaboration, we have developed an MLD MR severity scoring system, similar but not identical to the scoring system used in X-ALD. It is designed to be applicable to the standard MR imaging examination and reproducible by any neuroradiologist or other individual familiar with neuroanatomy and MR imaging of the pediatric brain. It should be more useful than a descriptive summary of abnormal brain involvement in these patients. It was developed to address the need for quantitative biomarkers of disease severity that can be used to assess the efficacy of novel therapeutics.. On the basis of our imaging results, we found it useful to categorize positive brain MR scores into 3 groups: mild disease (score, 1-6), moderate disease (score, 7-15), and severe disease (score, 16-34). On initial scans, 8 patients had mild disease (range, 1.92-10.25 years; mean, 3.73 years), 5 patients had moderate disease (range, 4.17-9.4 years; mean, 6.27 years), and 14 patients had severe disease ...
Figure 16-1. Schematic representation of the course of lung function for persons with asthma of different severities as compared with persons without asthma. Both lung function at birth and deficits occurring after birth play a role in determining the course of the disease for a lifetime. (Reprinted with permission from Stern, Morgan, Wright, Guerra, Martinez.…
This ointment has a fairly good reputation among consumers. It can be found in numerous discussion forums. However, it has a disadvantage that is worth knowing about. Despite the high effectiveness, quite a lot of people complain about the long duration of this treatment. A complete cure is possible even after a few months of use. If we do not care about express results, it will not be a problem to use it for several months. It is enough to be patient and follow the recommendations. Do not overdose the product, which will lead to greater skin irritation and prolonged treatment. The majority of patients express their opinions on this subject in a rather positive way, praising it:. It works very well, the first ones were noticeable in different ways already after two months. Redheads have become faded and with time they begin to disappear, I will wait until a full cure.. Acne, like other diseases, can have different severity of symptoms. It is not always necessary to treat it immediately with such ...
Welcome to HW it is a great place for info and support. The best thing to help your daughter is a postive attitude I know you have questions but she will have to learn to take care of this disease. You could go over your list before going to the Dr. with her perhaps there are things she would like to add to it. There are people who are able to be in remisssion for many years on there meds. Some have different severity of symnptoms and disease. Some have fistulizing disease. Has her Dr. started her on meds yet? How was she diagosined thinking she probably had a scaope. Dietatrician may be helpful ,I follow low roughage diet. Hope your daughter gets feeling better soon and if you need more help ask and we will try to help. lol ...
A peripheral arterial study is used to document the presence of disease, determine its functional severity, localize the site of involvement, define the lesion as a stenosis or occlusion, measure its length and provide baseline information for future comparisons. When neuro - musculoskeletal symptoms are present the study helps to determine how much arterial insufficiency contributes to the patients symptoms. Principal clinical indications for peripheral arterial studies include: ...
Cigarette smoking is associated with more severe multiple sclerosis disease course with lower lifetime cigarette smoking load and smoking cessation having no significant effect on disease severity.
The figures for survival corrected for initial disease severity are of prime importance. They indicate quite clearly that outcome was equally good for all babies ⩽32 weeks gestation, irrespective of the type of unit that provided their neonatal care. Taking the study population as a whole, there is evidence that the service is working in an integrated manner. The larger units, appropriately, attract a group of infants who are sicker than those whose care is entirely in the smaller units. The babies transferred for neonatal care tend to be sicker than those that normally receive treatment in the small units.. Focusing on babies: ⩽28 weeks gestation reveals a slightly different pattern. Here CRIB scores indicate that those infants not involved in transfer are similar, in terms of disease severity, in both types of unit and outcomes are equally good. Those babies that are transferred do not have a higher predicted mortality. This suggests that, among these infants, selection for transfer relies ...
Can a person have a mild case of BP? I was talking to a friend of mine and she said she had a friend who was BP but only took Lexapro when she really felt she...
Symptom Intensity assessment values: 0 None, 1 A little, 2 A lot, 3 Extreme.. This data demonstrates that while negligible before use, a significant number of PFS patients develop LUTS after 5ari exposure, with a moderate severity on average. These symptoms are atypical for men in their mid thirties. We assert that LUTS are induced by 5ari exposure in the young men who develop PFS with these symptoms. LUTS constitute an important part of the heterogeneously distributed symptom profile of PFS. It is also unfortunate that duration of finasteride use was not correlated to severity of clinical findings in this publication. It is important that clinical studies ascertain this, as many of the most severely affected patients took a low dose of finasteride for an extremely short time. Investigations in the past have used an arbitrary minimum use period in considering PFS patients, and this is not coherent with the clinical reality of the disease. PFS frequently progresses degeneratively in the absence ...
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1. Number of clinic visits required to achieve Stage II (0-1%SS, Severity Rating=1) 2. Number of clinic days to achieve Stage II 3. Percent Syllables Stuttered (%SS) at entry to Stage ...
We answer readers questions about conducting a mock QIS survey and the meaning of the different scope and severity ratings for survey deficiencies.
Need help connecting the dots? Our Patient Symptom Quiz was designed by the experts to help you identify the causes of your neck, back, or nerve pain.
Intraday and day to day variation in symptoms and severity of GDD is common. Disease often has diurnal variation (varying of severity of the symptoms over the
New research indicates that-while not exactly a fountain of youth-exercise can reverse some of the physiological signs of aging and reduce overall disease…
Table 3-9 describes the study population in terms of their demographics and severity levels (APR-DRGs, FY 2008 CMS MS-DRGs, and HCCs). These results are shown for both non-PAC users and PAC users. For beneficiaries using PAC services, the demographics and severity within each setting are presented. The proportions show the characteristics of cases discharged to each PAC
Keynote speaker Peter Calabresi, MD, will discuss a link between genetics and muitiple sclerosis severity at the upcoming ACTRIMS Forum 2020.
Read 8 responses to: My 3 year old Daughter has a mild case of Pneumonia... Find the best answer on Mamapedia - mom trusted since 2006.
CRITERIOS DE FINE PARA NEUMONIA PDF - Se necesitan criterios más sencillos para evaluar este riesgo. Neumonía adquirida en la comunidad links this quantification of illness severity to an
Data from a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in 449 patients of 3 doses of belimumab (1, 4, 10 mg/kg) or placebo plus standard of care therapy (SOC) over a 56-week period were analyzed. The Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus: National Assessment (SELENA) version of the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) and British Isles Lupus Assessment Group (BILAG) SLE disease activity instruments, the Short Form 36 health survey, and biomarker analyses were used to create a novel SRI. Response to treatment in a subset of 321 serologically active SLE patients (antinuclear antibodies ≥1:80 and/or anti-double-stranded DNA antibodies ≥30 IU/ml) at baseline was retrospectively evaluated using the SRI. ...
An SRI response is defined as a reduction from baseline in the Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index 2000 (SLEDAI 2K) score of at least 4 points, no worsening in Physicians Global Assessment (PhGA) (with worsening defined as an increase in PhGA of more than 0.30 point from baseline), no British Isles Lupus Assessment Group A (BILAG A) organ domain score, and no more than 1 new BILAG B organ domain score from baseline ...
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disorder characterized by broad clinical manifestations including cardiovascular and renal complications with periodic disease flares and significant morbidity and mortality. One of the main contributing factors to the pathology of SLE is the accumulation and impaired clearance of immune complexes of which the principle components are host auto-antigens and antibodies. The contribution of host lipids to the formation of these autoimmune complexes remains poorly defined. The aim of the present study was to identify and analyze candidate lipid autoantigens and their corresponding anti-lipid antibody responses in a well-defined SLE patient cohort using a combination of immunological and biophysical techniques. Disease monitoring in the SLE cohort was undertaken with serial British Isles Lupus Assessment Group (BILAG) scoring. Correlations between specific lipid/anti-lipid responses were investigated as disease activity developed from active flares
The association between etanercept serum concentration and psoriasis disease severity is poorly investigated and currently etanercept serum concentration monitoring aiming to optimize psoriasis treatment lacks evidence. In this prospective study, we investigated the relation between etanercept exposure and disease severity via measuring etanercept concentrations at five consecutive time points in 56 psoriasis patients. Disease severity assessments included the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI), Body Surface Area (BSA) and Physician Global Assessment (PGA), and etanercept and anti-etanercept antibody concentrations were determined every three months for a period of one year. The present study demonstrated that the association between etanercept concentration and psoriasis severity is age-dependent: when patients were stratified into three groups, patients in the youngest age group (-50 years) showed a lower PASI at a higher etanercept concentration (β = -0.26), whereas patients in the ...
Abstract Background COVID-19 has a broad clinical spectrum We investigated the role of serum markers measured on admission on severity as assessed at discharge and investigated those which relate to the effect of BMI on severity Methods Clinical and laboratory data from 610 COVID-19 cases hospitalized in the province of Zheijang, China were investigated as risk factors for severe COVID-19 (assessed by respiratory distress) compared to mild or common forms using logistic regression methods Biochemical markers were correlated with severity using spearman correlations, and a ROC analysis was used to determine the individual contribution of each of the biochemical markers on severity We carried out formal mediation analyses to investigate the extent of the effect of body mass index (BMI) on COVID-19 severity mediated by hypertension, glycemia, Lactose Dehydrogenase (LDH) at the time of hospitalization and C-Reactive Protein levels (CRP), in units of standard deviations Results The individual markers
To explore the inadequacies of health service and its impact on clinical outcomes of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in China. A total of 210 SLE patients were randomly recruited between January 2017 and January 2018. Each patient received self-report questionnaires to assess medication adherence [Compliance Questionnaire for Rheumatology (CQR)], beliefs about medicines [Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ)] and satisfaction about medicine information [the Satisfaction with Information about Medicines Scale (SIMS)]. Associations between SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI-2 K) and observed factors were analyzed by multiple logistic regression. Based on CQR, only 28.10% patients were adherent. The score of BMQ was 2.85 ± 5.42, and merely 32.38% patients were satisfied with the information about their prescribed medicines. Disease activity was associated with SIMS, EuroQol five-dimensions [EQ5D], Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC), depression, use of NSAID
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of the patients sex on the manifestations and outcome of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).. METHODS: We studied SLE patients who were ages 16 years or older and had a disease duration of , or =5 years at the time of enrollment in the LUpus in MInorities, NAture versus nurture cohort, a multiethnic cohort consisting of Hispanic, African American, and Caucasian patients. Socioeconomic/demographic, clinical, and serologic features, as well as disease activity (by the Systemic Lupus Activity Measure, Revised) and damage accrual (by the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index) were compared between male and female patient groups. Multivariable analyses using male sex and damage accrual as dependent variables were then performed.. RESULTS: Sixty-three male SLE patients (10.2%) from all ethnic groups were included. The mean ages of the male and female patients were comparable. Factors that were either more ...
Environmental severity is rarely uniform and can vary widely across different locations and regions. There are many factors that contribute to the severity of a given environment, including climatological, geographical, biological, and human. These factors can vary within a given location and can change year-to-year based upon usage, natural weather patterns, and economic development. The specific environmental factors considered by the environmental severity characterization methods evaluated by this study, either directly or indirectly, can include temperature, humidity/atmospheric moisture, precipitation, salinity, topography, UV, winds, chloride deposition, sulfur dioxide deposition and other pollutants. Recognizing the effects these factors have on the corrosion susceptibility of facilities and prioritizing the mitigation of these effects can significantly impact not only life cycle cost but readiness and safety as well. Characterization of environmental severity for DoD locations and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The relevance of heart failure severity for treatment with evidence-based pharmacotherapy in general practice. AU - Pont, Lisa G.. AU - Van Gilst, Wiek H.. AU - Lok, Dirk J A. AU - Kragten, Hans J A. AU - Haaijer-Ruskamp, Flora M.. PY - 2003/3. Y1 - 2003/3. N2 - Aims: Internationally, research indicates that pharmacotherapy for chronic heart failure (CHF) is sub-optimal. Traditionally, assessment of drug use in heart failure has focused on the use of individual agents irrespective of CHF severity. This study investigates drug use for CHF patients in general practice with respect to the available evidence, incorporating both disease severity and the use of combination drug regimes. Methods and results: A cross-sectional survey of 769 Dutch CHF patients was performed as part of IMPROVEMENT of HF study. For each New York Heart Association severity classification the minimum treatment appropriate for the heart failure severity according to the scientific evidence available at the ...
(Medical Xpress)-Patients suffering from severe Crohns disease who were no longer able to tolerate intravenous feedings were able to return to a normal oral diet and saw no clinical recurrences of the disease after undergoing ...
The Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson presented this week results of two analyses from a Phase 2 study of Stelara®*(ustekinumab) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The studies highlight not only the sustained clinical benefit of ustekinumab - an anti-interleukin (IL) IL-12/23 p40 neutralising monoclonal antibody - on SLE disease activity at one-year, but also show a reduction in the rate of severe flares.. They also provide new insights into the possible pathway through which ustekinumab is acting in SLE patients who respond to IL-12/23 p40 blockade.1,2. The Phase 2 study, presented by lead study investigator Ronald van Vollenhoven MD PhD and colleagues, is a global randomized, placebo-controlled trial in 102 adults with seropositive SLE by Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) criteria and active disease despite ongoing standard of care therapy (steroid, antimalarial and/or immunosuppressive therapies).1Patients were randomized (3:2) to receive ...
NIH investigators find that Staphylococcus epidermidis is predominant in less severe cases, while Staphylococcus aureus is associated with patients who have more severe disease.
The European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR)/American College of Rheumatology (ACR) 2019 Classification Criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have been validated with high sensitivity and specificity. We evaluated the performance of the new criteria with regard to disease duration, sex and race/ethnicity, and compared its performance against the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC) 2012 and ACR 1982/1997 criteria.Twenty-one SLE centres from 16 countries submitted SLE cases and mimicking controls to form the validation cohort. The sensitivity and specificity of the EULAR/ACR 2019, SLICC 2012 and ACR 1982/1997 criteria were evaluated.The cohort consisted of female (n=1098), male (n=172), Asian (n=118), black (n=68), Hispanic (n=124) and white (n=941) patients; with an SLE duration of 1 to ,3 years (n=196) and ≥5 years (n=879). Among patients with 1 to ,3 years disease duration, the EULAR/ACR criteria had better sensitivity than the ACR criteria (97% vs 81%). The ...
The primary end point of this reanalysis of the URICO-ICTUS data showed that compared with placebo UA therapy doubled the rate of excellent outcome after acute ischemic stroke in women but not in men. Importantly, we identified a significant interaction between treatment (UA or placebo) and sex on the rate of excellent outcome and confirmed that this finding was also significant in multivariate models that accounted for the differences observed between women and men at study onset in demographics, risk factors, initial severity of stroke, and creatinine levels.. In the study, we did not find different rates of vessel recanalization after thrombolysis between women and men as previously suggested in some25-27 but not all cohorts.28,29 Furthermore, the effect of UA therapy on functional outcome was assessed in models adjusted for stroke subtype, age, initial severity of stroke, and for the variable effects of risk factors. Therefore, it is sensible to think that the clinical response to UA therapy ...
Ischemic stroke is a global health problem.The major subtype of ischemic stroke is large artery atherothrombosis (LAA). Depending on the lesion location, there were two different type of LAA, including intracranial and extracranial stenosis. The etiological mechanisms between intracranial and extracranial stenosis are unclear. Previous studies speculated that high lipid level or insulin resistane may result in different severity between intracranial and extracranial stenosis. Therefore, the aim of this project is to explore the role of lipid metabolism, glucose homeostasis, their inducible anti-oxidant and inflammatory related genes, and their phenotypes on risk, severity and prognosis of intracranial and extracranial stenosis. A total of 1800 LAA stroke patients, including 1500 intracranial stenosis and 300 extracranial stenosis patients, diagnosed with computerized tomographic (CT) scan and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) will be recruited from seven participant hospitals (NTUH, SKH, WFH , ...
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Objectives: To establish the correlation between number of ACR classification criteria, as well as disease duration with disease activity index (SELENA SLEDAI) and damage index (SLICC/ACR damage index) and to determine the correlation between laboratory findings of disease activity and their combinations (complement components, CRP, anti-dsDNA antibodies) with disease activity index (SELENA SLEDAI) and damage index (SLICC/ACR damage index). Patients and Methods: In this cross-sectional study that was conducted at the Department of rheumatology and clinical immunology CHC Rijeka 110 patients with clear diagnosis of SLE who fulfilled 4 or more ACR classification criteria were included. This patients were in a regular physicians control and all of them were examined consequently during the period of three-months, respectively in a period from September to November 2013. In all patients we recorded general data (age, disease duration, gender) and number of ACR classification criteria. Disease ...
Objectives: To establish the correlation between number of ACR classification criteria, as well as disease duration with disease activity index (SELENA SLEDAI) and damage index (SLICC/ACR damage index) and to determine the correlation between laboratory findings of disease activity and their combinations (complement components, CRP, anti-dsDNA antibodies) with disease activity index (SELENA SLEDAI) and damage index (SLICC/ACR damage index). Patients and Methods: In this cross-sectional study that was conducted at the Department of rheumatology and clinical immunology CHC Rijeka 110 patients with clear diagnosis of SLE who fulfilled 4 or more ACR classification criteria were included. This patients were in a regular physicians control and all of them were examined consequently during the period of three-months, respectively in a period from September to November 2013. In all patients we recorded general data (age, disease duration, gender) and number of ACR classification criteria. Disease ...
Manifestation of SARS-CoV-2 infections may range from asymptomatic infections or mild symptoms to severe courses of disease with a high risk of fatal outcome (2). In this study, we show that SARS-CoV-2-specific immunological characteristics in patients with a severe course are clearly distinct from infected individuals who recovered from mild disease that could be managed in an outpatient setting. Both groups were analyzed at the same time after onset of COVID-19 symptoms. As main findings, we show that patients with severe disease had high levels of SARS-CoV-2-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells as well as high titers of specific IgG and IgA antibodies as compared with convalescent individuals, where levels were significantly lower. However, SARS-CoV-2-specific T cells in severe cases had a restricted cytokine expression profile with fewer multifunctional cells and strongly expressed CTLA-4 as a hallmark of T cells in the contraction phase of an immune response after active encounter with the virus. ...
Genetic and clinical characterization: All samples are derived from subjects who undergo a detailed clinical evaluation. Detailed genotyping is performed as well to fully characterize all samples. The clinical evaluation includes measurement of overall disease severity score, age of symptom onset, the strength of the muscle sampled, and the severity of the underlying pathological changes. Genetic analysis includes D4Z4 repeat size analysis on chromosomes 4 and 10, haplotype analysis (4qA or 4qB backgrounds and SSLP analysis) and D4Z4 methylation analysis. The details of the methods used to collect and characterize these samples are available here ...
The new 2019 SLE European League Against Rheumatism/American College of Rheumatology (EULAR/ACR) classification criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have been recently published.1 These criteria have been developed to find a better equilibrium between specificity and sensitivity compared with the previous criteria (SLE ACR-19972 and SLE Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics (SLICC)3). Even if these criteria have been built for classification, they could be useful in clinical practice in patients with a suspicion of systemic autoimmune disease (AID) to differentiate patients with SLE from patients with another systemic AID, such as primary Sjögrens syndrome (pSS), scleroderma or myositis. SLE and pSS share biological and clinical similarities. In clinical practice, it is frequently difficult to differentiate these two diseases. Moreover, SLE and Sjögrens syndrome (SS) may overlap. The aim of this study was to explore the utility of the 2019 SLE EULAR/ACR criteria ...
In patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) combination therapy with intravenous PG12 may lead to greater disease burden, finds study.
In the United States, current concerns exist that the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) will use G codes to determine changes in policy or payment. A study recently published in the Physical Therapy Journal finds that the G-code functional limitation severity modifier lacks validity for determining functional changes. G Codes were mandated by CMS in July 2013 as part of Middle Class Tax Relief and Jobs Creation Act of 2012. Therapists (occupational or physical) choose one of four G code categories: mobility; changing and maintaining body position; carrying, moving, and handling objects; and self care. Therapists select one of out seven functional limitation severity modifier codes. These G Codes reflect the amount of impairment from zero to one hundred percent. Diane and Alan Jette completed a retrospective observational study of therapists (occupational and physical) at the Cleveland Clinic to assess the validity of G code functional severity limitation modifier codes. Patients ...
The Glaucoma Staging Program (GSP) is useful in early detection of Glaucoma.. The GSP software grades examination findings into visual field classes (normal, glaucomatous, artifactual and neuro) based solely on their appearance. In addition, risk classes (normal, suspect, pre-perimetric, early stage, moderate and severe) are also assigned to findings of different severities that are classified as normal or glaucomatous. The examination results are presented in easy to understand green, yellow and red bar charts.. The striking novelty of the GSP is its ability to detect subtle changes in the visual field associated with early stage Glaucoma. Findings in the suspect and pre-perimetric risk classes contain reductions in the visual field that cannot be readily seen by the examiner. They usually remain undetected by the standard perimetric indices.. The Glaucoma Likelihood Index (GLI) summarizes the results of the GSP classification into a single parameter, presenting a value of between 0 (normal) ...
There are limited data regarding the relationship between interstitial lung disease (ILD) and the natural course of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). In this study, we investigate whether patients with ILD are more susceptible to COVID-19 than those without ILD and evaluate the impact of ILD on disease severity in patients with COVID-19.A nationwide cohort of patients with COVID-19 (n=8070) and a 1:15 age-, sex-, and residence-matched cohort (n=121 050) were constructed between January 1, 2020 and May 30, 2020 in Korea. We performed a nested case-control study to compare the proportions of patients with ILD between the COVID-19 cohort and the matched cohort. Using the COVID-19 cohort, we also evaluated the risk of severe COVID-19 in patients with ILD versus those without ILD.The proportion of patients with ILD was significantly higher in the COVID-19 cohort than in the matched cohort (0.8% versus 0.4%, p,0.001). The odds ratio [OR] of having ILD was significantly higher in the COVID-19 cohort ...
NTP Experiment-Test: 96020-01 INCIDENCE RATES OF NONNEOPLASTIC LESIONS BY ANATOMIC SITE (a) Report: PEIRPT18 Study Type: CHRONIC WITH AVERAGE SEVERITY GRADES[b] Date: 03/03/04 Route: GAVAGE TEF EVALUATION (BINARY MIXTURE; PCB 126/PCB 153) Time: 10:12:20 FINAL #1 Facility: Battelle Columbus Laboratory Chemical CAS #: TEFBINARYMIX Lock Date: 03/27/02 Cage Range: All Reasons For Removal: 25018 Dosing Accident 25019 Moribund Sacrifice 25020 Natural Death 25021 Terminal Sacrifice Removal Date Range: All Treatment Groups: Include 001 0 NG / 0 UG Include 004 300 NG /100 UG Include 005 300 NG /300 UG Include 006 300 NG /3000 UG a Number of animals examined microscopically at site and number of animals with lesion b Average severity grade (1-minimal;2-mild;3-moderate;4-marked) Page 1 NTP Experiment-Test: 96020-01 INCIDENCE RATES OF NONNEOPLASTIC LESIONS BY ANATOMIC SITE (a) Report: PEIRPT18 Study Type: CHRONIC WITH AVERAGE SEVERITY GRADES[b] Date: 03/03/04 Route: GAVAGE TEF EVALUATION (BINARY MIXTURE; ...
My twin daughters were born at 23 weeks and 5 days, yes 23w 5d!. They just turned 2 in May. Both my girls have different severities of Cerebral Palsy. My daughter, Joy has fluctuated in weight bewtween 14-15 pounds for just over a year now. She weighs no more than 15 lbs and no less than 14 pounds at every doctors appointment. She has been on a Pediasure Plus diet for almost 6 months and still nothing. She doesnt eat solid foods, only purees and eats 4oz every 3-4 hours. She eats purees at least 2 times a day. Everything is high calorie for her. But still no weight gain. Joy is very immobile due to the severity of CP, so she doesnt move around much, so we know that is not the cause of her lack of wieght gain ...
Objective Specific comorbidities and old age create a greater vulnerability to severe Coronavirus Disease 19 (COVID-19). While obesity seems to aggravate the course of disease, the actual impact of the body mass index (BMI) and the cutoff which increases illness severity are still under investigation. The aim of the study was to analyze whether the BMI represented a risk factor f qor respiratory failure, admission to the intensive care unit (ICU) and death. Research Design and Methods A retrospective cohort study of 482 consecutive COVID-19 patients hospitalised between March 1 and April 20, 2020. Logistic regression analysis and Cox proportion Hazard models including demographic characteristics and comorbidities were carried out to predict the endpoints within 30 days from the onset of symptoms. Results Of 482 patients, 104 (21.6%) had a BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2. At logistic regression analysis, a BMI between 30 and 34.9 kg/m2 significantly increased the risk of respiratory failure (OR: 2.32; 95% CI: ...
MODEL RELEASED. Psoriasis on the back after treatment. Psoriasis on the skin of the back of a patient before treatment with UVB light. Psoriasis is caused by excessive skin production resulting in red scaly patches and inflammation. The treatment here resulted in a reduction of the PASI (Psoriasis Area and Severity Index) score by 75 percent (PASI 75). For a sequence showing the treatment, see images C014/2541 to C014/2543. - Stock Image C014/2543
People with psoriasis are at a higher risk to develop type 2 diabetes than those without psoriasis, and the risk increases dramatically based on the severity of the disease. Researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine ...
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respectively to examples 1, 2, and 3 + 4 in Lapidot and Friedman (2002). Tomato TYLCV disease severity ratings were not taken in 2008 due to low field virus pressure. Bacterial leaf spot disease severity was rated on a 1-to-5 scale (1 = low and 5 = high) at the. ...
Damage accrual in SLE patients is an independent predictor of mortality, but which of the 12 domains of the SLICC damage index is the most important has been unknown. The investigators studied 635 SLE patients aged 16 years or older. Of these, 570 (89%) were women who had a mean age of 36.5 years. All subjects had disease duration of five years or less at enrollment. Disease activity was assessed by the investigators using the Systemic Lupus Activity Measure-Revised (SLAM-R) at diagnosis and damage at the last visit ...
The SAE Severity Index is supposed to be an approximation to tolerance limit data, but there are incongruities in its derivation which renders the formula unsupportable. The same logic on which the Severity Index appears to be based can be used to support a wide range of possible values for the expo
Date: Thu, 13 Jun 2019 22:34:26 +0200 From: X41 D-Sec GmbH Advisories ,[email protected], To: [email protected] Subject: X41 D-Sec GmbH Security Advisory X41-2019-003: Stack-based buffer overflow in Thunderbird -----BEGIN PGP SIGNED MESSAGE----- Hash: SHA256 X41 D-Sec GmbH Security Advisory: X41-2019-003 Stack-based buffer overflow in Thunderbird ========================================== Severity Rating: High Confirmed Affected Versions: All versions affected Confirmed Patched Versions: Thunderbird ESR 60.7.XXX Vendor: Thunderbird Vendor URL: https://www.thunderbird.net/ Vendor Reference: https://bugzilla.mozilla.org/show_bug.cgi?id=1553808 Vector: Incoming mail with calendar attachment Credit: X41 D-SEC GmbH, Luis Merino Status: Public CVE: CVE-2019-11705 CWE: 121 CVSS Score: 7.8 CVSS Vector: CVSS:3.0/AV:N/AC:H/PR:N/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:U/RL:O Advisory-URL: https://www.x41-dsec.de/lab/advisories/x41-2019-003-thunderbird Summary and Impact ================== A stack-based ...
Information on the topic of asthma severity. A key message is to classify asthma severity using the domains of current impairment and future risk.
Journal of Medical Internet Research - International Scientific Journal for Medical Research, Information and Communication on the Internet
For a typical assessment the three factors to be assessed are:. Severity: What is the severity of the effect? A failure inevitably creates an effect and the severity of the effect is judged on a scale of 1 to 10. A rating of 1 indicates a low severity of effect should a failure occur and a rating of 10 indicates a very high severity of effect should a failure occur.. Probability: What is the probability of the failure occurring? A failure can be likely to unlikely and the probability of failure occurring is judged on a scale of 1 to 10. A rating of 1 indicates a low probability that a failure will occur and a rating of 10 indicates a very high probability that a failure will occur.. Detection: What is the likelihood that a failure will be detected before it becomes critical? A potential failure may be easily detected and avoided or very difficult to detect and avoid. A rating of 1 indicates a high probability of detection and avoidance before failure and a rating of 10 indicates a very low ...
SEATTLE, Oct. 28, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- A COVID-19 immune response study has revealed new findings that suggest that treatments aimed at arresting the infection at the stage of moderate severity may be most effective. The symptoms of COVID-19 vary widely, from very mild to severe conditions requiring ICU care. Resear...
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Ogden, J (2003) What do symptoms mean? Symptoms should be explained in the broader perspective of the patients cognition and mood ...
Perfusion index has been shown to help clinicians predict illness severity and early adverse respiratory outcomes in neonates, ... "The pulse oximeter perfusion index as a predictor for high illness severity in neonates". European Journal of Pediatrics. 161 ( ... Pleth variability index (PVI) is a measure of the variability of the perfusion index, which occurs during breathing cycles. ... Cannesson M, Desebbe O, Rosamel P, Delannoy B, Robin J, Bastien O, Lehot JJ (August 2008). "Pleth variability index to monitor ...
Case mix index Diagnosis codes Severity of illness Alemi, F., J. Rice, and R. Hankins. 1990. "Predicting In-Hospital Survival ... Severity Measurement Methods and Judging Hospital Death Rates for Pneumonia, Medical Care 34 (1): 11-28, 1996 v t e. ...
... is a scoring system for rating the severity of medical illness for children, one of several ICU scoring systems. Its name ... Slater A, Shann F, Pearson G, Paediatric Index of Mortality Study Group (2003). "PIM2: a revised version of the Paediatric ... stands for "Paediatric Index of Mortality". It has been designed to provide a predicted mortality for a patient by following a ... Index of Mortality". Intensive Care Med. 29 (2): 278-85. doi:10.1007/s00134-002-1601-2. PMID 12541154. this is the first ...
In that study, the RAI outperformed standard illness severity scores such as Pediatric Risk of Mortality (PRISM) for prediction ... Thus, the creation of the renal angina index was done by a multiplicative index (instead of sum). The RAI score is a composite ... directing biomarker testing only for patients who fulfill a combination of illness severity and changes in kidney function.[ ... calculating RAI and measuring biomarkers is relatively simple compared to calculation of severity of illness scores), useful ( ...
... illness severity, age of onset, and illness length. There is also literature that links EE to the course and outcome of ... One study showed that one component, high parental dimensions of criticism (CRIT), can be used as an index of problematic ... A high level of EE in the home can worsen the prognosis in patients with mental illness, such as schizophrenia and social ... The family believes that the cause of many of the family's problems is the patient's mental illness, whether they are or not. ...
Treatment of CAP in children depends on the child's age and the severity of illness. Children under five are not usually ... Some CAP patients require intensive care, with clinical prediction rules such as the pneumonia severity index and CURB-65 ... The diagnostic tools employed will depend on the severity of illness, local practices and concern about complications of the ... Outpatients with underlying illness or risk factors: Although this group does not require hospitalization, they have underlying ...
"Addiction Severity Index," a tool that was later translated into over 30 languages and which by 2012 was being used throughout ... that psychiatrists use in diagnosing mental illnesses, including addiction disorders. There was no validated measure of ...
... severity of illness index MeSH E05.318.308.250.475.547.500 - karnofsky performance status MeSH E05.318.308.250.475.730 - ... dental plaque index MeSH E05.318.308.250.300.350 - dmf index MeSH E05.318.308.250.300.675 - oral hygiene index MeSH E05.318. ... mitotic index MeSH E05.200.500.386 - cytophotometry MeSH E05.200.500.386.350 - flow cytometry MeSH E05.200.500.386.400 - image ... trauma severity indices MeSH E05.318.308.940.968.875.125 - abbreviated injury scale MeSH E05.318.308.940.968.875.250 - glasgow ...
Severity of illness (SOI) Pay for Performance Mistichelli, Judith Diagnosis Related Groups (DRGs) and the Prospective Payment ... Case mix index Diagnosis code Medical classification Ambulatory Patient Group, similar to DRG but for outpatient care Risk of ... They include: Medicare DRG (CMS-DRG & MS-DRG) Refined DRGs (R-DRG) All Patient DRGs (AP-DRG) Severity DRGs (S-DRG) All Patient ... Severity-Adjusted DRGs (APS-DRG) All Patient Refined DRGs (APR-DRG) International-Refined DRGs (IR-DRG) As of 2003, the top 10 ...
Its 3 items assess, 1) Severity of Illness (CGI-S), 2) Global Improvement (CGI-I), and 3) Efficacy Index (CGI-E, which is a ... Severity scale (CGI-S) is a 7-point scale that requires the clinician to rate the severity of the patient's illness at the time ... the response format used in the CGI to assess change or severity of illness is more likely to be ambiguous (what is the ... 1993) showed that severity ratings but not improvement ratings were predicted highly and significantly by frequency of panic ...
Total Illness Burden Index (TIBI): Developed in 2007.[74]. Analyzing the comorbid state of patient S, 73 years of age, using ... because it gave the practicing doctors a chance to calculate the number and severity of chronic illnesses in the structure of ... Charlson index[edit]. The Charlson comorbidity index[4] predicts the one-year mortality for a patient who may have a range of ... Charlson Index: This index is meant for the long-term prognosis of comorbid patients and was developed by M. E. Charlson in ...
Cazenave termed the illness lupus and added the word erythematosus to distinguish this disease from other illnesses that ... However, the severity of symptoms and mortality are both similar in white and non-white patients. Studies that report different ... Women with SLE and of lower socioeconomic status have been shown to have higher depression scores, higher body mass index, and ... SLE is one of several diseases known as "the great imitator" because it often mimics or is mistaken for other illnesses.[9] SLE ...
RSA and vagal tone are used as markers to help determine the severity of neurodevelopmental disorders such as Autism Spectrum ... Thus, we propose that cardiac vagal tone can serve as an index of emotion regulation. Historically, the vagus and other ... This theory can account for several psychophysiological phenomena and psychosomatic illnesses. However, recent studies indicate ... There are several methods of estimating vagal tone other than measuring RSA, including: Indexes of beat-to-beat variability ...
Geriatric Index of Comorbidity (GIC): Developed in 2002 Functional Comorbidity Index (FCI): Developed in 2005. Total Illness ... because it gave the practicing doctors a chance to calculate the number and severity of chronic illnesses in the structure of ... Charlson Index: This index is meant for the long-term prognosis of comorbid patients and was developed by M. E. Charlson in ... The Kaplan-Feinstein Index: This index was created in 1973 based on the study of the effect of the associated diseases on ...
Diagnosis-related group (DRG) Risk of mortality (ROM) Case mix index (CMI) Diagnosis code Wynn, Barbara O.; Scott, Molly (July ... Severity of illness (SOI) is defined as the extent of organ system derangement or physiologic decompensation for a patient. It ... 2007). Evaluation of Severity-Adjusted DRG Systems: Addendum to the Interim Report (PDF) (Report). RAND Corporation. Retrieved ...
The rule uses demographics (whether someone is older, and is male or female), the coexistence of co-morbid illnesses, findings ... The pneumonia severity index (PSI) or PORT Score is a clinical prediction rule that medical practitioners can use to calculate ... The purpose of the PSI is to classify the severity of a patient's pneumonia to determine the amount of resources to be ... October 2010). "Severity assessment tools for predicting mortality in hospitalised patients with community-acquired pneumonia. ...
... and Pandemic Severity Assessment Framework (PSAF) (13)...PSAF replaces the Pandemic Severity Index as a severity assessment ... the PSAF rates severity of a disease outbreak on two dimensions: clinical severity of illness in infected persons; and the ... The PSAF superseded the 2007 linear Pandemic Severity Index (PSI), which assumed 30% spread and measured case fatality rate ( ... COVID-19 pandemic in the United States Early Warning and Response System Influenza pandemic Pandemic Severity Index WHO ...
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Severity_of_illness&oldid=977702389" ... Severity of illness (SOI) is defined as the extent of organ system derangement or physiologic decompensation for a patient. It ... Wynn, Barbara O.; Scott, Molly (July 2007). Evaluation of Severity-Adjusted DRG Systems: Addendum to the Interim Report (PDF) ( ...
These reach greatest severity after four days, possibly resulting in death from cardiorespiratory or acute kidney injury. ... Nickel carbonyl poisoning is characterized by a two-stage illness. The first consists of headaches and chest pain lasting a few ... The Merck Index (7th ed.). Merck. Hedberg, L.; Iijima, T.; Hedberg, K. (1979). "Nickel tetracarbonyl, Ni(CO)4. I. Molecular ...
Some medical systems refer to an Addiction Severity Index to assess the severity of problems related to substance use. The ... The quantity of criteria met offer a rough gauge on the severity of illness, but licensed professionals will also take into ... The severity of substance use disorders can vary widely; in the DSM-5 diagnosis of a SUD, the severity of an individual's SUD ... Substance use disorders can range widely in severity, and there are numerous methods to monitor and qualify the severity of an ...
Illness Severity". PLOS ONE. 10 (6): e0129042. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0129042. ISSN 1932-6203.. ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gibrat%27s_law&oldid=847672452" ...
... severity of illness unclear". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 16 November 2017.. ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Charles_Manson&oldid=6582305" ... Illness and death[change , change source]. On January 1, 2017, Manson was taken from Cochran State Prison to Mercy Hospital in ...
"Integration of Early Physiological Responses Predicts Later Illness Severity in Preterm Infants". Science Translational ... Suchi Saria publications indexed by Google Scholar Suchi Saria at DBLP Bibliography Server Bates, David W.; Saria, Suchi; Ohno- ... "Researchers design more accurate method of determining premature infants' risk of illness". med.stanford.edu. Stanford ... birth weight and length of time spent in the womb to predict whether a preemie would develop an illness. The output value ...
... which may increase the severity of disease. When considering all hospitalizations for respiratory illness among young children ... Obesity, in particular a body mass index greater than 35-40, is associated with greater amounts of viral replication, increased ... People who are at least 65 years of age, due to a weakened immune system from aging or a chronic illness, are a high-risk group ... Illness during infection is primarily the result of lung inflammation and compromise caused by epithelial cell infection and ...
Depending on the severity of the disorder, the items that are being replaced can get to be much more expensive. These things ... "The Mental Illness That Makes People Throw Away Their Possessions". The Atlantic. "Hoarding vs Clutter Phobia, which one is ... 2012, www.cnn.com/2012/03/01/living/confessions-compulsive-declutterer/index.html. KHONNewsHawaii. "Too Much Decluttering? ... 2017, medium.com/@jemima.s/obsessive-compulsive-spartanism-when-mental-illness-hijacks-your-decluttering-efforts-1e0abadef1f8. ...
... Area and Severity Index (PASI), Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (NAPSI), Modified Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (mNAPSI ... Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI), Psoriatic Arthritis Quality of Life (PsAQOL), Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness ... a psoriasis area severity index (PASI) score ≤10, and a Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) score ≤10. Moderate to severe ... "A Simplified Psoriasis Area Severity Index (SPASI) for rating psoriasis severity in clinic patients". Dermatology Online ...
... and severity of serum sickness-like reactions in children has led researchers to question its role in pediatric illness. Other ... https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cder/drugsatfda/index.cfm Fischer, Jnos; Ganellin, C. Robin (2006). Analogue-based Drug ... intercurrent illness, or drug administration, necessitates more frequent testing of INR, and dose adjustment as necessary. ...
The most common clinical syndrome in the other 40% of infected patients is an acute respiratory illness characterized by fever ... Coccidioidomycosis is amazingly diverse in terms of its scope of clinical presentation, as well as clinical severity. About 60 ... Coccidioides in Index Fungorum Coccidioides sp. National Center for Biotechnology Information: Coccidioides. ...
In certain phenotypes of non-thyroidal illness syndrome, especially in cases with concomitant sepsis, the TTSI is reduced. This ... It is also beneficial for assessing the severity of already confirmed thyroid hormone resistance, even on replacement therapy ... The Thyrotroph Thyroid Hormone Sensitivity Index (abbreviated TTSI, also referred to as Thyrotroph T4 Resistance Index or TT4RI ... Thyroid function tests Thyroid's secretory capacity Sum activity of peripheral deiodinases Jostel's TSH index Yagi H, Pohlenz J ...
Fire intensity, fire severity and burn severity: a brief review and suggested usage [PDF]. International Journal of Wildland ... Fire adaptations Floods and landslides after wildfires Forest fire weather index Haines Index Keetch-Byram Drought Index ... The illnesses most commonly with exposure to the fine particles from wildfire smoke are bronchitis, exacerbation of asthma or ... Starting with a forest with a "high risk" of fire and a pre-treatment crowning index of 21, the "thin from below" practice of ...
Disease states of increasing severity will be expected the further one goes past the threshold and away from the mean.[16] ... If a genetic cause is suspected and little else is known about the illness, then it remains to be seen exactly how many genes ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Quantitative_trait_locus&oldid=946828769#Quantitative_traits" ... Usually, multifactorial traits outside of illness result in what we see as continuous characteristics in organisms, especially ...
Additionally, patients with FND have been shown to have abnormal beliefs and expectations about illness which often result in ... a fluctuating course of disease severity, the eyes being closed during a seizure, and side to side head movements. Features ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Psychogenic_non-epileptic_seizure&oldid=1028392110" ... The risk factors for FND can include trauma, illness exposure, symptom monitoring, and abnormal beliefs and expectations about ...
... during their illness to relieve symptoms. Experimental treatments include targeted therapy, gamma knife radiosurgery,[45] boron ... the tumors are divided into different grades of severity.[1] ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= ...
Depending on the diagnosis, severity and individual, and the job itself, personality disorders can be associated with ... Research findings indicate that this two-pronged approach is effective in preventing work-related illness and injury.[150] ... Differential associations of job control components with both waist circumference and body mass index. Social Science & ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Occupational_health_psychology&oldid=871391620" ...
Fareed M, Afzal M (2014). "Evidence of inbreeding depression on height, weight, and body mass index: a population-based child ... Inbreeding history of the population should also be considered when discussing the variation in the severity of inbreeding ... the environment presents stresses to remove from the population those individuals who cannot survive because of illness.[ ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Inbreeding&oldid=991110029#Domestic_animals" ...
Pneumonia severity index (Index ng kalubhaan ng pulmonya) (o PSI Score)[18] ... guidelines for the management of common illnesses with limited resources. Geneva: World Health Organization. pa. 72. ISBN 978- ... guidelines for the management of common illnesses with limited resources. Hinebra: World Health Organization. pa. 72. ISBN ... Kinuha sa "https://tl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pulmonya&oldid=1831014" ...
... despite the fact that mean scores on the Depression Self-Rating Index and the Behavior Rating Index decreased (Hilliard, 2001 ... For at least 40,000 years, the healing tool was believed to assist in healing "broken bones, muscle tears and illnesses of ... with major depressive or anxiety disorders found that music-based interventions may be efficient in reducing the severity of ... Bednarz LF, Nikkel B (1992). "The role of music therapy in the treatment of young adults diagnosed with mental illness and ...
Read, J.; Haslam, N.; Sayce, L.; Davies, E. (2006). "Prejudice and schizophrenia: A review of the 'mental illness is an illness ... 2004). "Prevalence, Severity, and Unmet Need for Treatment of Mental Disorders in the World Health Organization World Mental ... "https://ta.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=உளப்_பிறழ்ச்சி&oldid=2742448" இருந்து மீள்விக்கப்பட்டது ... Hiday, VA (June 1995). "The social context of mental illness and violence.". Journal of health and social behavior 36 (2): 122- ...
... pressure is an important and noninvasive index of diaphragm strength and an independent tool for diagnosing many illnesses.[26] ... Sud, A.; Gupta, D.; Wanchu, A.; Jindal, S. K.; Bambery, P. (2001). "Static lung compliance as an index of early pulmonary ... Borth, F. M. (1982). "The derivation of an index of ventilatory function from spirometric recordings using canonical analysis ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spirometry&oldid=851416795" ...
... body-mass index, the distance walked in six minutes, and the modified MRC dyspnea scale.[176] Significant weight loss is a bad ... and manage associated illnesses.[5] The only measures that have been shown to reduce mortality are smoking cessation and ... are simple questionnaires that may be used to determine the severity of symptoms.[22] Scores on CAT range from 0-40 with the ... Long-term outcomes in COPD can be estimated using the BODE index which gives a score of zero to ten depending on FEV1, ...
Illness and injuries during spaceflight. Injury severity scoreEdit. The injury severity score (ISS) is a medical score to ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Injury&oldid=893172755" ... "Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System". Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 2014-03-24.. ... Copes, W.S.; H.R. Champion; W.J. Sacco; M.M. Lawnick; S.L. Keast; L.W. Bain (1988). "The Injury Severity Score revisited". The ...
Madness to Mental Illness: A History of the Royal College of Psychiatrists RCPsych Publications; 1 edition (2008) p.52 ISBN ... reduce the severity of psychosis and associated symptoms (e.g., agitation, aggression, negative symptoms, affective symptoms), ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Schizophrenia&oldid=6559618" ... Heinrichs RW (2003). "Historical origins of schizophrenia: two early madmen and their illness". Journal of the History of the ...
The fact that the epidemic spread after the Germans sold some of the butter to civilians was proof that the illness's breakout ... peace were concealed deep within the soil or in pockets of putrefaction and therefore it revealed the true nature and severity ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pasteur_Institute&oldid=867758622" ... Both Roux and Metchnikoff, consequent to the discovery that this type of ape can be contaminated with the illness, contributed ...
... in older children and adults can vary in severity, with some able to retract their foreskin partially (relative ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Phimosis&oldid=978394903" ...
See FDA Index page for NDA 018662 for updates *^ Strauss JS, Krowchuk DP, Leyden JJ, Lucky AW, Shalita AR, Siegfried EC, ... The dose may need to be decreased to reduce the severity of these side effects.[33] The skin becomes more fragile-especially to ... whether isotretinoin use is causally associated with mental illness remains controversial.[45] ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Isotretinoin&oldid=938883388" ...
Furthermore, anxiety has been linked with physical symptoms such as IBS and can heighten other mental health illnesses such as ... Social anxiety varies in degree and severity. For some people, it is characterized by experiencing discomfort or awkwardness ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anxiety&oldid=859768701" ... Association with Anxiety Severity and Outcomes from Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy". Child Psychiatry & Human Development. 44 (1 ...
Bell has retired from private practice, but in 2011 was still doing research on the cause of the illness of CFS patients in ... for the documentation of severity of symptoms in chronic fatigue syndrome.[15][16][17][18] ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=David_Sheffield_Bell&oldid=884293050" ... for help with the illness, but Bell says the CDC didn't mention a similar outbreak in Lake Tahoe, which he learned about later ...
Strain A/cal/Duschanbe/55/71 could be detected for seven days and caused an influenza-like illness in calves."[12] ... One factor that may indicate increased severity this season is that the predominant circulating type of influenza virus is ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Influenza_A_virus_subtype_H3N2&oldid=912919923" ... Reports of influenza-like-illness (ILI) are nearing what have been peak levels during moderately severe seasons, and CDC ...
765 million agreement to compensate more than five thousand former NFL players for concussion-related injuries and illnesses.[ ... a meta-analysis found no relationship between dysfunction and disease severity.[38] However, cognitive and behavioral ... "Body mass index, not dyslipidemia, is an independent predictor of survival in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis". Muscle & Nerve ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amyotrophic_lateral_sclerosis&oldid=892952417" ...
Due to the lack of studies, it is not known whether drinking more fluids improves symptoms or shortens respiratory illness.[40] ... Zinc supplements may reduce the severity and duration of symptoms when taken within 24 hours of their onset.[49] The effect of ... Retrieved from "https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Common_cold&oldid=6385688" ...
Signs of the illness include anxiety and panic attacks before and during attempts to sleep. ... found that sleep is dramatically impaired by allergic symptoms and that the degree of impairment is related to the severity of ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sleep_disorder&oldid=818179727" ...
Pandemic Severity Index 1889-1890 flu pandemic. (Asiatic or Russian Flu)[197]. 1889-1890. 1 million. 0.15%. possibly H3N8 or ... Most are only ill and out of work for a week, yet the elderly are at a higher risk of death from the illness. We know the ... A 30% sickness rate and a three-week length of illness would decrease the gross domestic product by 5%. Additional costs would ... Influenza spreads around the world in yearly outbreaks, resulting in about three to five million cases of severe illness and ...
Because of the severity of famine, it was a chief concern for governments and other authorities. In pre-industrial Europe, ... whereas those with bloody diarrhoea often eat poorly until the illness resolves. These children should be encouraged to resume ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Famine&oldid=927067874" ... Zinc supplements often can help reduce the duration and severity of diarrhea, and Vitamin A can also be helpful.[183] The World ...
He died in Rome in 1778 after a long illness, and was buried in the Church he had helped restore, Santa Maria del Priorato. His ... in which the freer lines of the etching-needle largely supplemented the severity of burin work. Twenty-nine folio volumes ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Giovanni_Battista_Piranesi&oldid=849105474" ...
"Atopic Dermatitis and Disease Severity Are the Main Risk Factors for Food Sensitization in Exclusively Breastfed Infants" ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Food_allergy&oldid=927174965" ... Postorgasmic illness syndrome. *Reactive arthritis. GVHD. *Transfusion-associated graft versus host disease ...
... perinatal illness or perinatal hypoxia.[1] ABI can result in cognitive, physical, emotional, or behavioural impairments that ... While the outcome of a given injury depends largely upon the nature and severity of the injury itself, appropriate treatment ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Acquired_brain_injury&oldid=985463472" ...
... treatment might reduce the incidence and severity of AAD as indicated in several meta-analyses.[80][81][82] For ... "Effectiveness of probiotics on the duration of illness in healthy children and adults who develop common acute respiratory ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Probiotic&oldid=929611699" ...
An analysis of the genetic code of Chikungunya virus suggests that the increased severity of the 2005-present outbreak may be ... during recent epidemics suggests that chikungunya fever may result in a chronic phase as well as the phase of acute illness.[11 ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chikungunya&oldid=945700687#Vaccine" ... "Dengue and other common causes of acute febrile illness in Asia: an active surveillance study in children". PLOS Neglected ...
Roughly one fifth of all adults 18 and over in the US are considered diagnosable with mental illness. Mental illnesses are the ... reduce a person's quality of life or can cause fatalities including infections that resulted from the injury or the severity ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Health&oldid=926465351" ... Health and illness can co-exist, as even people with multiple chronic diseases or terminal illnesses can consider themselves ...
2017). National Early Warning Score (NEWS) 2 - Standardising the assessment of acute illness severity in the NHS. ISBN 978-1- ... Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Early_warning_score&oldid=914931573" ... standardising the assessment of acute-illness severity in the NHS. London: Royal College of Physicians. ISBN 978-1-86016-471-2 ... determine degree of illness. An early warning score (EWS) is a guide used by medical services to quickly determine the degree ...
Neonatal Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System: A Therapy-Based Severity-of-Illness Index. James E. Gray, Douglas K. ... A Therapy-Based Severity-of-Illness Index. James E. Gray, Douglas K. Richardson, Marie C. McCormick, Kathryn Workman-Daniels, ... A Therapy-Based Severity-of-Illness Index. James E. Gray, Douglas K. Richardson, Marie C. McCormick, Kathryn Workman-Daniels, ... Neonatal Therapeutic Intervention Scoring System: A Therapy-Based Severity-of-Illness Index ...
Index. This suggests that the Severity of Illness Index is not differentiating severity of illness from quality of care. The ... Severity of Illness Index and the Adverse Patient Occurrence Index. A reliability study and policy implications.. Schumacher DN ... The Severity of Illness Index was unreliable with an interrater-agreement rate of 73% (kappa statistic = 0.41), and ... The APO Index was also found to be unreliable (r = 0.33 and range = -0.05-0.58). Greater attention should be directed to ...
An understanding of illness severity will be useful for evaluating the morbidity of acute pesticide-related illness and injury ... It is important to assign a severity category to each case of acute pesticide-related illness and injury. ... standardized criteria for assigning severity to cases of acute pesticide-related illness and inj ury. ... The purpose of the severity index is to provide simple, ... As such, this severity index should be used in conjunction with ...
How Do You Spell ILLNESS INDEX SEVERITIES?. Correct spelling for the English word "Illness Index Severities" is [ˈɪlnəs ˈɪndɛks ... Common Misspellings for ILLNESS INDEX SEVERITIES. Below is the list of 200 misspellings for the word "illness index severities ...
The authors discuss the objectives and definition of the Severity of Illness Index, which has been developed and refined at The ... The conclusion is that the Severity of Illness Index is a reliable and valid tool for measuring inpatient severity of illness. ... The authors discuss the objectives and definition of the Severity of Illness Index, which has been developed and refined at The ... After at least 2 months experience with severity scoring, the average agreement between hospital raters and the staff ...
"Severity of Illness Index" by people in this website by year, and whether "Severity of Illness Index" was a major or minor ... "Severity of Illness Index" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicines controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical ... Severity of Illness Index*Severity of Illness Index. *Illness Index Severities. *Illness Index Severity ... Below are the most recent publications written about "Severity of Illness Index" by people in Profiles. ...
Indications, clinical implications and limitations in the use of a severity of illness index in intensive therapy. ...
Depending on the severity of the illness, there are three different phases that are used throughout nursing interventions. The ... Imagine Having A Cut On Your Index Finger That Starts To. 1455 Words , 6 Pages. blood disease that interferes with the bodys ... Depending on the severity of the illness, there are three different phases that are used throughout nursing interventions. The ... More about Factors That Affect The Severity Of The Illness. *. The Canadian Mental Health Association. 1396 Words , 6 Pages ...
Flutracking is a national online community influenza-like illness (ILI) surveillance system that monitors weekly ILI activity ... Burden of illness (index of severity) The weekly percentage of participants from 2011 to 2014 who had 1) fever and cough and ... Influenza-like illness symptoms. Peak influenza-like illness week. Peak 4 weeks of influenza-like illness. ... Index of severity There were higher percentages of participants taking time off work or normal duties in 2014 compared with ...
Severity of Illness Index * Stress, Physiological / physiology * Subarachnoid Hemorrhage / complications * Subarachnoid ...
Severity of Illness Index * Treatment Outcome Substances * Antibodies, Monoclonal * Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized ... Methods: Simplified Disease Activity Index (SDAI) scores, Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) scores, and the Disease ...
Psoriasis: correlation between severity index (PASI) and quality of life index (DLQI) in patients assessed before and after ... which implies greater acceptance of the illness, or may be related to the low income and social status of the patients studied ... to establish a correlation between the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) and the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) ...
Severity of Illness Index. *Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/epidemiology/*eti. *Wounds and Injuries/complications/psychology ... Type of accident, nature and severity of injury and age were not related to the development of PTSD. Gender was significant, ...
Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). *Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). *Gulf War Illness Symptoms ... Insomnia Severity Index (ISI). 120. All. Child, Adult, Senior. NCT03261674. B2319-I. May 1, 2018. December 31, 2021. December ... Difference in mean change on the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) between YOCAS and CBT-I ... Development of a Polyphenol-rich Dietary Preparation for Treating Veterans With Gulf War Illness. *Gulf War Illness ...
Severity of Illness Index*. *Terbutaline/administration & dosage. *Terbutaline/pharmacology. *Time Factors. *Tocolytic Agents/ ... Time of first stool in premature infants: effect of gestational age and illness severity.. Kumar SL1, Dhanireddy R. ... To assess the effect of gestational age and illness severity, and the effect of antenatal exposure to magnesium sulfate and ... Both the gestational age and the illness severity, as measured by the Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology (SNAP), independently ...
Severity of Illness Index* • Substance-Related Disorders • complications • etiology* • psychology* ... including the Addiction Severity Index (ASI), HIV Risk Behavior Scale (HRBS), and SF-36 quality-of-life measures. METHODS: The ... Use of item response theory and latent class analysis to link poly-substance use disorders with addiction severity, HIV risk, ...
Severity of Illness Index • Sex Characteristics • Shoulder Impingement Syndrome • Shoulder Joint* • Single-Blind Method • ...
Severity of Illness Index* * Vital Capacity ... stratification of disease severity), and added a "restricted" ...
... duration of illness and functional disability in schizophrenia and schizoaffective psychosis and establish a basis for gene ... Global Severity Index; GSSH, oxidized form of glutathione; HCY, homocysteine; HPL, hydroxypyrroline-2-one; MAO, monoamine ... illness severity, duration of illness, and functional disability in schizophrenia and schizoaffective psychosis, and establish ... nevertheless play a significant role in relationship to functional disability and severity of illness. This effect is probably ...
80 Gestational age, BP, severity of illness assessment 192. Index 195. ""It would be a useful complement to more in-depth ...
Severity of Illness Index (SOI). *Sleep/Disorders/Therapy. *Social Support. *Somatoform Disorders ... ABSTRACT: FM, chronic fatigue syndrome, and related illnesses fall under the spectrum of chronic multi-symptom illnesses (CMI ... In treating these illnesses, pharmacotherapy generally is the mode of choice, with exercise being overlooked often. However, ... The results show the superiority of cognitive-behavioral intervention to reduce the severity of FM both at the end of the ...
CRIB and CRIB II (Clinical Risk Index for Babies)46. Measures severity of illness in newborn infants. ... PIM (Pediatric Index of Mortality) and PIM-2100. Predicts the risk of death for children ,16 y of age in intensive care. ... Scores the severity of multiple organ dysfunction syndrome in pediatric intensive care units. ...
Illness severity and average change during the study. *Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) score ... Difference Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) as assessed by questionnaire before treatment and after the treatment ... Change in Insomnia Severity Index, From Baseline at 1-week Follow-up ... Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS): the Suicidal Ideation Scale. *Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes About Sleep ...
Illness severity and average change during the study. *Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) score ... Insomnia Severity Index- Change from Baseline (Remission). 224. All. 21 Years and older (Adult, Older Adult). NCT01651442. ... Change in Insomnia Severity Index, From Baseline at 1-week Follow-up ... Columbia Suicide Severity Rating Scale (C-SSRS): the Suicidal Ideation Scale. *Dysfunctional Beliefs and Attitudes About Sleep ...
Potential Severity or Injury or Illness. *Potentially Fatal. *Potentially Disabling. *Minor. *None ... A to Z Index•. Select a letter to view all IHS.gov websites with names beginning in that letter ... Relative Risk of Injury/Illness Occurrence or Other Negative Outcome. *Continuously present ...
... to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients with COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia in various severity ... to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients with COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia in various severity ... The variable of obesity was determined according to body mass index (BMI). BMI is computed as weight (kg)/height (m2), and ... Assessing the Severity of Illness in Patients With Coronavirus Disease in Saudi Arabia: A Retrospective Descriptive Cross- ...
Severity of Illness Index. Taiwan / epidemiology. Treatment Outcome. Chemical. Reg. No./Substance: 0/Anti-Bacterial Agents ... These 235 patients were classified into three groups; grade I, grade II and grade III, according to the severity grading in the ... were found in patients as the severity of disease progressed. Shorter mean length of hospital stay was compatible with the ...
Severity of Illness Index. From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine ...
  • The Pneumonia Severity Index (PSI) score determined illness severity. (aafp.org)
  • A pneumonia severity index (PSI) was calculated for all patients to assess the severity of illness. (aafp.org)
  • Insomnia severity index: a psychometric investigation among Saudi nurses. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Psychometric Properties of the Insomnia Severity Index in Cancer Survivors. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Association of body mass index with disease severity and prognosis in patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • However, there are no data regarding the association of BMI with disease severity and prognosis in patients with non-CF bronchiectasis in Asia. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • However, we recognize that this severity index cannot address all conceivable clinical situations. (cdc.gov)
  • Severity-of-illness scales have proven valuable able in assessing clinical outcomes and resource consumption in adult and pediatric intensive care, but they have been less extensively developed for neonatal care. (aappublications.org)
  • Simplified Disease Activity Index (SDAI) scores, Clinical Disease Activity Index (CDAI) scores, and the Disease Activity Score in 28 joints (DAS28) were calculated using data from tocilizumab trials in patients with RA in whom disease had remained active despite treatment with disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. (nih.gov)
  • BACKGROUND: This study applied item response theory (IRT) and latent class analysis (LCA) procedures to examine the dimensionality and heterogeneity of comorbid substance use disorders (SUDs) and explored their utility for standard clinical assessments, including the Addiction Severity Index (ASI), HIV Risk Behavior Scale (HRBS), and SF-36 quality-of-life measures. (duke.edu)
  • We aimed to describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of patients with COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia in various severity groups. (frontiersin.org)
  • We aimed to describe and evaluate the potential of simple clinical features to identify severe illness among young infants who present to rural district hospitals in Kenya. (scielosp.org)
  • Simple clinical features may allow distinction between severe and non-severe illness to be made with reasonable confidence. (scielosp.org)
  • Baseline groups were defined on the basis of computer clinical diagnostic data in a 3-year time-period (between 2006 and 2009) as: (i) without cardiovascular disease or osteoarthritis (reference group), (ii) index cardiovascular disease groups (hypertension, ischaemic heart disease and heart failure) without osteoarthritis, (iii) index osteoarthritis group without cardiovascular disease, and (vi) index cardiovascular disease groups comorbid with osteoarthritis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The outcomes of the study will result in the determination of the specific interaction between cardiovascular severity and osteoarthritis comorbidity on the change and progression of physical health status in individuals and on the linked and associated clinical-decision making process in primary care. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Some studies have suggested that PPV might reduce the severity of CAP through a partial immunity mechanism, but they have been hampered by small sample sizes or a lack of detailed clinical data. (aafp.org)
  • In this study, we evaluated the relationships between BMI and clinical variables of disease severity in patients with non-CF bronchiectasis and explored the predictive factors for the risks of hospitalization and mortality in these patients. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Clinical trials can also look at other aspects of care, such as improving the quality of life for people with chronic illnesses. (patientsville.com)
  • Participants with an illness or disease also participate to help others, but also to possibly receive the newest treatment and to have the additional care and attention from the clinical trial staff. (patientsville.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: to establish a correlation between the psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) and the Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) based on a quality of life questionnaire adapted to the Brazilian context for patients with plaque psoriasis before and after systemic treatment. (mendeley.com)
  • The severity of atopic dermatitis was assessed using the eczema area and severity index. (koreamed.org)
  • Results were similar after stratification by illness severity and increased body mass index. (sages.org)
  • Relative Risk of Injury/Illness Occurrence or Other Negative Outcome. (ihs.gov)
  • 19 (70%) dealt with the prevalence of mental illness in the general population, six (22%) in doctors and nurses, one (4%) in other health professionals and one (4%) in the general population and nurses. (scielo.br)
  • Baseline plasma FGF23 was not associated with the prevalence or severity of coronary artery calcium after multivariable adjustment. (nih.gov)
  • In contrast, higher serum phosphate levels were associated with prevalence and severity of coronary artery calcium, even after adjustment for FGF23. (nih.gov)
  • Severity, Prevalence, Predictors, and Rate of Identification of Insomnia Symptoms in a Sample of Hospitalized Psychiatric Patients. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The goal of this study was to examine the prevalence, severity, and predictors of insomnia in hospitalized psychia. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Examining the pattern and prevalence of multimorbidity among patients attending two large Australian primary care practices, researchers find the coexistence of multiple chronic conditions is very common in both men and women and its prevalence and severity increases steadily with age. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Accurate measurement of asthma severity is critical for research evaluating asthma health outcomes. (cdc.gov)
  • The overall plan is to investigate the interaction between cardiovascular severity groups (hypertension, ischaemic heart disease and heart failure) and osteoarthritis comorbidity, and their longitudinal impact on health and healthcare outcomes relative to either condition alone. (biomedcentral.com)
  • According to the Common Sense Model, illness perceptions and coping strategies could mediate the relationship between illness stimuli and illness outcomes such as psychological health and quality of life. (dovepress.com)
  • The study aimed to explore the influencing factors of illness outcomes, and to what extent illness perceptions, coping strategies, and stress mediate the relationship between disease severity and anxiety, and depression and quality of life. (dovepress.com)
  • The use of DRGs to identify patients with COPD for inclusion in the BPCI initiative led to the exclusion of more than one-third of patients with acute exacerbations who had more severe illness and worse outcomes and who may benefit most from the additional interventions provided by the initiative. (ajmc.com)
  • The APACHE classification's purpose is to classify groups of patients on the basis of the severity of illness which in turn defines the probability of mortality. (ispub.com)
  • Diagnosis-related group (DRG) Risk of mortality (ROM) Case mix index (CMI) Diagnosis code Wynn, Barbara O. (wikipedia.org)
  • An Illness Severity Score And Neonatal Mortality In Retrieved Neonates. (edu.au)
  • The Mortality Index For Neonatal Transportation Score: A New Mortality Prediction Model For Retrieved Neonates. (edu.au)
  • Ankle brachial imdex examination is used to assess Peripheral Arterial Disease severity. (pulsus.com)
  • The purpose of the severity index is to provide simple, standardized criteria for assigning severity to cases of acute pesticide-related illness and injury. (cdc.gov)
  • It is important to assign a severity category to each case of acute pesticide-related illness and injury. (cdc.gov)
  • An understanding of illness severity will be useful for evaluating the morbidity of acute pesticide-related illness and injury, for assessing its impact on society, and to assist the targeting of limited intervention/prevention resources toward the most pressing pesticide problems. (cdc.gov)
  • Severity should only be assigned to acute pesticide-related illnesses or injuries classified as definite, probable, possible, or suspicious. (cdc.gov)
  • When using the Table , only signs and symptoms related to the pertinent acute pesticide-related illness or injury should be considered (i.e. only consider those signs and symptoms used to classify the acute pesticide-related illness and injury as definite, probable, possible, or suspicious). (cdc.gov)
  • As such, this severity index should be used in conjunction with the Case Definition for Acute PesticideRelated Illness and Injury Cases Reportable to the National Public Health Surveillance System. (cdc.gov)
  • In the last month of 2019, many cases of acute respiratory illness had been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China, now known as novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia (NCIP) ( 3 , 4 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • grade I, grade II and grade III, according to the severity grading in the Tokyo guidelines for acute cholecystitis. (biomedsearch.com)
  • To correlate severity of the patient and the nursing staff workload, using Simplified Acute Physiology Score (SAPS3) and Nursing Activities Score (NAS) indexes and comparing them between three subgroups: cardiac, neurological and general. (scielo.br)
  • Correlacionar gravedad del paciente y carga de trabajo del equipo de enfermería, utilizando los índices Simplified Acute Psysiology Score (SAPS3) y Nursing Activities Score (NAS) en tres subgrupos: cardíacos, neurológicos y generales. (scielo.br)
  • Candidate variables (Charlson Comorbidity Index, Simplified Acute Physiology Score II, minimum plasma albumin, need for anti-infective drugs, time of mechanical ventilation, main feeding method and score on the Sedation-Agitation Scale) were analysed using multiple logistical regression analysis. (smw.ch)
  • Improvements in the medical and nursing fields have led to an increasing number of intensive care patients who survive the acute phase of critical illness [ 1 ]. (smw.ch)
  • In this illness trajectory, physiological responses during the acute phase of critical illness fail to balance out the induced stress. (smw.ch)
  • Infants who were identified as LSV positive by two readers had higher Score for Neonatal Acute Physiology-II (an illness severity indicator), higher rates of tracheal infection and bacteremia, lower partial pressure of arterial oxygen and pH levels on 2 of the first 3 postnatal days, and they were more likely to have a lower psycho-motor development index at age 2 years. (who.int)
  • For each one of the analyzed variables there is a different weight, depending on the severity of the physiological disorder. (scielo.br)
  • Psoriasis: correlation between severity index (PASI) and quality of life index (DLQI) in patients assessed before and after systemic treatment. (mendeley.com)
  • CONCLUSION: The non-correlation between the PASI and the quality of life questionnaire adapted to the Brazilian context in this work may be associated with a history of chronic disease, which implies greater acceptance of the illness, or may be related to the low income and social status of the patients studied. (mendeley.com)
  • RESULTS: Lower levels of platelets, lower blood pressure, higher levels of C-reactive protein, blood urine nitrogen, prothrombin time, bilirubin, alkaline phosphatase, and more incidences of positive microorganisms cultured in bile or blood, were found in patients as the severity of disease progressed. (biomedsearch.com)
  • There was a moderate correlation between the severity of neurological patients and the nursing workload. (scielo.br)
  • The severity and nursing workload in the subgroup of general patients were higher in relation to neurological and cardiac patients, respectively. (scielo.br)
  • We aimed to investigate the risk factors associated with the severity of dVRS in a large sample of ischemic stroke patients. (curehunter.com)
  • Patients were clinically assessed into those with significant pain-related illness behavior (Waddell signs [WS]-H) or without (WS-L) based on WS. (whiterose.ac.uk)
  • Disease severity, illness perceptions, maladaptive coping, stress, anxiety, depression and quality of life were significantly correlated with each other among patients with Crohn's disease. (dovepress.com)
  • Cost was more comparable between techniques for most surgical procedures in major/extreme illness severity patients. (sages.org)
  • TISS was designed as an index of severity score for intensive care patients. (ispub.com)
  • a total of 10/47 patients had influenza, and 33/53 patients had influenza-like illness. (cdc.gov)
  • We hypothesized that patients included in a BPCI initiative for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) would have less severe illness and decreased hospital utilization compared with those excluded from the bundled payment initiative. (ajmc.com)
  • The timely identification of patients with prolonged intensive care unit length of stay is possible and could influence the person-centred prevention of chronically critical illness and adequate resource allocation. (smw.ch)
  • Variables associated with reductions in insomnia severity among acutely suicidal patients receiving brief cognitive behavioral therapy for suicide prevention. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Still, the agency is urging doctors with patients who have an unexplained respiratory illness and recent travel to the Arabian peninsula or neighboring countries to report the cases to the CDC. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The lower HbA 1 levels of SMT patients were not explained by severity of illness at diagnosis, or insulin dose, body mass index, and C-peptide levels at 2 yr. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Analyzing medical records data on 7,247 patients seen over a six month period, researchers found 52 percent of all patients had two or more chronic illness, 35 percent had three or more and 15 percent had five or more. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Overall, 58 percent of patients had mild, 49 percent had moderate and 14 percent had severe severity index scores. (bio-medicine.org)
  • In such instances, the health effect observed as a sign (i.e. a heath effect observed and described by a licensed health care professional) will be considered as having greater severity compared to the health effect reported as a symptom (i.e. a health effect perceived and reported by the patient but not observed by a licensed health care professional). (cdc.gov)
  • OBJECTIVES: The present study examined the impact of cumulative trauma exposure on current posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity in a nonclinical sample of adults in their 60s. (duke.edu)
  • RESULTS: Cumulative trauma exposure predicted greater PTSD symptom severity in hierarchical regression analyses consistent with a dose-response model. (duke.edu)
  • Neuroticism and event centrality also emerged as robust predictors of PTSD symptom severity. (duke.edu)
  • Analyses concerning event categories revealed that cumulative exposure to childhood violence and adulthood physical assaults were most strongly associated with PTSD symptom severity in older adulthood. (duke.edu)
  • Moreover, cumulative self-oriented events accounted for a larger percentage of variance in symptom severity compared to events directed at others. (duke.edu)
  • CFS is very difficult to diagnose because the main symptom of fatigue is present in so many other illnesses. (ei-resource.org)
  • The conclusion is that the Severity of Illness Index is a reliable and valid tool for measuring inpatient severity of illness. (ovid.com)
  • Factors to support this view include: data of school violence, the severity of crimes committed, and the increase of diagnosing children with mental and behavior disorders. (bartleby.com)
  • Mental illness is a broad concept covering all sorts of diseases, disorders, and disturbances in the human mind (see psychology and psychiatry ). (conservapedia.com)
  • Scientists who adhere to a purely physical model of mental health regard mental illness as disorders of the brain. (conservapedia.com)
  • 0001). It is concluded that NTISS is a valid measure of therapeutic intensity that is independent of birth weight and can be used as an indicator of neonatal illness severity and resource utilization. (aappublications.org)
  • Influenza (also known as the flu) is a contagious respiratory illness caused by flu viruses. (wku.edu)
  • The novel virus, which is associated with severe respiratory illness with renal failure, was first recognized last September and caused alarm because it is genetically and clinically similar to the SARS virus, which caused hundreds of deaths worldwide. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The index patient in the cluster is a 60-year-old man who remains in intensive care, after developing respiratory illness Jan. 24 during travel to Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. (medpagetoday.com)
  • The final case was a woman who developed respiratory illness on Feb. 5, after seeing the index patient in the hospital. (medpagetoday.com)
  • While chickenpox is a mild to moderate illness in the majority of children, it can be much more severe in teens and adults. (halton.ca)
  • Severity index scores also increased with age, with moderate scores showing the greatest increase. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Prospective studies on an adequate scale are needed urgently to provide current integrated management of childhood illness guidelines for young infants with an adequate evidence base. (scielosp.org)
  • This category includes cases of less severe illness or injury often involving systemic manifestations. (cdc.gov)
  • Usually, less time is lost from work or normal activities ( 3-5 days), compared to those with severe illness or injury. (cdc.gov)
  • They indicated possible important differences in the panel of signs useful for detecting severe illness in infants aged 0 6 days and those aged 7 59 days. (scielosp.org)
  • It can cause mild to severe illness, and at times can lead to death. (wku.edu)
  • mental illness at some time in their lives. (bartleby.com)
  • Mental illness is defined as a mental pattern that causes an impaired ability to function normally in ordinary life. (bartleby.com)
  • A number of factors can contribute to whether an individual will develop a mental illness, with these factors being present individually or in multiples. (bartleby.com)
  • Bipolar disorder is a mental illness known as a mood disorder. (bartleby.com)
  • to map the literature on mental illness in the general population and in health professionals during the Covid-19 pandemic. (scielo.br)
  • 19 symptoms of mental illness were identified. (scielo.br)
  • Insomnia is a risk factor for new onset, exacerbation, and relapse of mental illness. (bioportfolio.com)
  • [2] Religious ideas about mental illness have included demonic possession, to be cured by exorcism . (conservapedia.com)
  • Mental illness is generally considered to have dimensions of severity and impact, as well as legal implications. (conservapedia.com)
  • A severely mentally unwell individual may be psychotic or schizophrenic , while milder forms of mental illness are classified as a neurosis or syndrome (see Eating disorder or bulimia or anorexia ). (conservapedia.com)
  • Liberal Senator Paul Wellstone was long in favor of spending money on mental illness coverage. (conservapedia.com)
  • A bill passed by the House of Representatives in March 2008, the Paul Wellstone Mental Health and Addiction Equity Act, would force insurers to cover mental illness at the same coverage level as physical ailments. (conservapedia.com)
  • Even when a defendant is deemed sane, mental illness is sometimes used to justify a lesser sentence due to the defendant's diminished capacity which is said to render him less responsible for his crime. (conservapedia.com)
  • However, mental illness is also sometimes used to justify a harsher sentence if, for instance, a longer term of imprisonment is deemed necessary to protect the public from a defendant whose mental illness makes him more likely to commit crimes. (conservapedia.com)
  • The English-speaking world has not always used medical language to describe the behavior we now label as symptomatic of mental illness or mental disorder. (conservapedia.com)
  • The predictive utility of cumulative trauma exposure was compared to other known predictors of PTSD, including trauma severity, personality traits, social support, and event centrality. (duke.edu)
  • Severity of Illness Index" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (umassmed.edu)
  • The Range of Impaired Functioning Tool a brief scale for assessing functional impairment related to medical or psychiatric illness and has been demonstrated to possess good psychometric properties. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Chronically critical illness is highly relevant in intensive care units, but the definitions in literature vary greatly. (smw.ch)
  • The second patient -- an adult male household member with the flu - had contact with the index patient, became ill on Feb. 6, and died of severe respiratory disease despite intensive care. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Greater attention should be directed to improving objective discharge abstract, billing, and laboratory data for measuring patient severity and adverse patient occurrences. (nih.gov)
  • The 3M All Patient Refined Diagnosis-Related Group (APR-DRG) program evaluated patient illness severity on a 0 to 4 scale. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Exploring if there is a plan or not also shows the severity of suicidal thoughts. (bartleby.com)
  • Flutracking is a national online community influenza-like illness (ILI) surveillance system that monitors weekly ILI activity and field vaccine effectiveness (FVE). (worldaidsday.org.au)
  • Flutracking is a national online community influenza-like illness (ILI) surveillance system that monitors weekly ILI activity and severity. (worldaidsday.org.au)
  • 2 The Flutracking surveillance system makes an important contribution to Australian influenza surveillance by providing weekly community level influenza-like illness (ILI) attack rates that are not biased by health seeking behaviour, clinician testing practices or differences in jurisdictional surveillance methods. (worldaidsday.org.au)
  • Several methods to evaluate the validity of the Index are presented. (ovid.com)
  • A severity-of-asthma score, which is based on self-reported information, was previously developed and validated in subjects recruited from pulmonary and allergy subspecialty practices. (cdc.gov)
  • The purpose of this study was to validate the severity-of-asthma score in subjects treated by family practice physicians and to compare asthma severity in subjects treated by family practitioners (n = 150) with those seen by allergists (n = 217) and pulmonologists (n = 384). (cdc.gov)
  • In the family practice subjects, the severity-of-asthma score demonstrated internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha 0.76) and concurrent validity, correlating strongly with asthma-specific quality of life, SF-36 General Health and Physical Functioning scales, and subject-perceived asthma severity. (cdc.gov)
  • The mean severity score was highest in the pulmonary group (11.8 +/- 6.3), followed by the allergy (10.3 +/- 5.3) and family practice (9.3 +/- 5.5) groups. (cdc.gov)
  • The severity-of-asthma score was a valid measure in generalist-treated subjects. (cdc.gov)
  • Dr. Rothman received funding from PeraHealth (employee), which is the owner of the Rothman Index, which is an examination/physiology based nursing assessment score as discussed in the editorial. (lww.com)
  • Assessment of asthma severity in adults with asthma treated by family practitioners, allergists, and pulmonologists. (cdc.gov)
  • Multiple systems are available for assessment of severity of illness. (ispub.com)
  • The Table is a listing of signs and symptoms that correspond to the different severity categories. (cdc.gov)
  • The list of signs and symptoms provided in the Table is not comprehensive, but instead provides examples to assist in assessing severity. (cdc.gov)
  • The definitions of chronically critical illness (CCI) in the literature vary greatly regarding characteristic symptoms and criteria [ 3 , 4 ]. (smw.ch)
  • These symptoms must have persisted or recurred during 6 or more consecutive months of illness and must not have predated the fatigue. (ei-resource.org)
  • Using CFS and ME as synonyms to refer to the same disease is controversial in some quarters however, with ME seen by some as a more serious condition with an identifiable trigger (e.g. viral illness) whereas CFS is diagnosed in the absence of such a trigger based on symptoms alone. (ei-resource.org)
  • Analyses were performed regarding the risk factors associated with the severity of dVRS by univariate analysis and multivariable ordinal logistic regression analysis. (curehunter.com)
  • It is also unknown whether the stage or severity of the chronic disease influences the comorbidity impact. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A possible complication of volume loading is pulmonary edema, quantified at the bedside by the measurement of extravascular lung water index (ELWI). (hindawi.com)
  • Indications for the index operation were grouped into colon cancer, diverticulitis or inflammatory bowel disease, and "other. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Stress was also associated with the individual's disease severity, anxiety, depression, and quality of life. (dovepress.com)
  • Disease severity was measured with the Crohn's Disease Activity Index. (dovepress.com)
  • Disease severity had a direct influence on illness perceptions. (dovepress.com)
  • Quality of life was also directly influenced by disease severity and anxiety. (dovepress.com)
  • Illness perceptions and stress mediated an individual's disease severity and anxiety, depression and quality of life, while coping strategy was not an applicable mediator. (dovepress.com)
  • A simple , non-invasive way to check for peripheral artery disease ( PAD) is the ankle-brachial index test. (pulsus.com)
  • Musculoskeletal illness was the most common morbidity domain, followed by psychiatric, respiratory and vascular. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Body Mass Index is a means of assessing whether your weight may be posing a risk to your health. (irishhealth.com)
  • Our results suggest that HRH2 -1018 GG homozygote is a risk factor for the severity of gastric mucosal atrophy under the influence of H. pylori infection , especially in older subjects. (curehunter.com)
  • Ankle blood index and heat attack risk is inversely proportional i.e. the less the blockage of ABI in the blood vessels is greater and thus the risk of heart attack and stroke increases. (pulsus.com)
  • However, there are medications that can make chickenpox illness less severe in people who are at higher risk. (halton.ca)
  • Analyze the severity of IPD during the period of circulating pandemic (H1N1) 2009. (cdc.gov)
  • PruProtect has improved its critical-illness cover by offering premium reductions where a cancer exclusion is applied. (moneymarketing.co.uk)
  • Severity of Illness Index and the Adverse Patient Occurrence Index. (nih.gov)
  • The Severity of Illness Index was unreliable with an interrater-agreement rate of 73% (kappa statistic = 0.41), and demonstrated a significant (P less than 0.0001) association with the Adverse Patient Occurrence (APO) Index. (nih.gov)
  • The use of prognostic indexes and indicators can help in the allocation of equipment and personnel and describe the severity of the population assisted in ICU 2 . (scielo.br)
  • Severity of illness (SOI) is defined as the extent of organ system derangement or physiologic decompensation for a patient. (wikipedia.org)
  • The severity of illness must be codified so that patient populations can be compared. (ispub.com)
  • Transplantation in children requires keen understanding of the impact of illness on both the patient and family. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Illness perceptions were measured with the Brief Illness Perceptions Questionnaire. (dovepress.com)
  • Enfin, elles ont montré qu'il devait être possible de simplifier, tout en conservant leur sensibilité et leur spécificité, les lignes directrices actuelles concernant le diagnostic de maladie très grave. (scielosp.org)
  • In contrast, the severity of individuals' single most distressing life event, as measured by self-report ratings of the A1 PTSD diagnostic criterion, did not add explanatory variance to the model. (duke.edu)
  • There are, however, no widely accepted asthma severity measures. (cdc.gov)
  • Asthma severity varied significantly by physician specialty. (cdc.gov)