A general term for the complete or partial loss of the ability to hear from one or both ears.
The ability or act of sensing and transducing ACOUSTIC STIMULATION to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. It is also called audition.
Wearable sound-amplifying devices that are intended to compensate for impaired hearing. These generic devices include air-conduction hearing aids and bone-conduction hearing aids. (UMDNS, 1999)
Part of an ear examination that measures the ability of sound to reach the brain.
Hearing loss resulting from damage to the COCHLEA and the sensorineural elements which lie internally beyond the oval and round windows. These elements include the AUDITORY NERVE and its connections in the BRAINSTEM.
Conditions that impair the transmission of auditory impulses and information from the level of the ear to the temporal cortices, including the sensorineural pathways.
Hearing loss due to exposure to explosive loud noise or chronic exposure to sound level greater than 85 dB. The hearing loss is often in the frequency range 4000-6000 hertz.
Levels within a diagnostic group which are established by various measurement criteria applied to the seriousness of a patient's disorder.
Partial hearing loss in both ears.
Persons with any degree of loss of hearing that has an impact on their activities of daily living or that requires special assistance or intervention.
The testing of the acuity of the sense of hearing to determine the thresholds of the lowest intensity levels at which an individual can hear a set of tones. The frequencies between 125 and 8000 Hz are used to test air conduction thresholds and the frequencies between 250 and 4000 Hz are used to test bone conduction thresholds.
Hearing loss due to interference with the mechanical reception or amplification of sound to the COCHLEA. The interference is in the outer or middle ear involving the EAR CANAL; TYMPANIC MEMBRANE; or EAR OSSICLES.
Hearing loss in frequencies above 1000 hertz.
Measurement of hearing based on the use of pure tones of various frequencies and intensities as auditory stimuli.
Procedures for correcting HEARING DISORDERS.
The audibility limit of discriminating sound intensity and pitch.
A general term for the complete loss of the ability to hear from both ears.
Sensorineural hearing loss which develops suddenly over a period of hours or a few days. It varies in severity from mild to total deafness. Sudden deafness can be due to head trauma, vascular diseases, infections, or can appear without obvious cause or warning.
Partial or complete hearing loss in one ear.
Noise present in occupational, industrial, and factory situations.
Personal devices for protection of the ears from loud or high intensity noise, water, or cold. These include earmuffs and earplugs.
The teaching or training of those individuals with hearing disability or impairment.
Electrical waves in the CEREBRAL CORTEX generated by BRAIN STEM structures in response to auditory click stimuli. These are found to be abnormal in many patients with CEREBELLOPONTINE ANGLE lesions, MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, or other DEMYELINATING DISEASES.
Gradual bilateral hearing loss associated with aging that is due to progressive degeneration of cochlear structures and central auditory pathways. Hearing loss usually begins with the high frequencies then progresses to sounds of middle and low frequencies.
The part of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) that is concerned with hearing. It forms the anterior part of the labyrinth, as a snail-like structure that is situated almost horizontally anterior to the VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH.
Any sound which is unwanted or interferes with HEARING other sounds.
Self-generated faint acoustic signals from the inner ear (COCHLEA) without external stimulation. These faint signals can be recorded in the EAR CANAL and are indications of active OUTER AUDITORY HAIR CELLS. Spontaneous otoacoustic emissions are found in all classes of land vertebrates.
The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).
Hearing loss due to disease of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS (in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM) which originate in the COCHLEAR NUCLEI of the PONS and then ascend bilaterally to the MIDBRAIN, the THALAMUS, and then the AUDITORY CORTEX in the TEMPORAL LOBE. Bilateral lesions of the auditory pathways are usually required to cause central hearing loss. Cortical deafness refers to loss of hearing due to bilateral auditory cortex lesions. Unilateral BRAIN STEM lesions involving the cochlear nuclei may result in unilateral hearing loss.
A form of electrophysiologic audiometry in which an analog computer is included in the circuit to average out ongoing or spontaneous brain wave activity. A characteristic pattern of response to a sound stimulus may then become evident. Evoked response audiometry is known also as electric response audiometry.
The study of hearing and hearing impairment.
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
Objective tests of middle ear function based on the difficulty (impedance) or ease (admittance) of sound flow through the middle ear. These include static impedance and dynamic impedance (i.e., tympanometry and impedance tests in conjunction with intra-aural muscle reflex elicitation). This term is used also for various components of impedance and admittance (e.g., compliance, conductance, reactance, resistance, susceptance).
Surgical insertion of an electronic hearing device (COCHLEAR IMPLANTS) with electrodes to the COCHLEAR NERVE in the inner ear to create sound sensation in patients with residual nerve fibers.
The essential part of the hearing organ consists of two labyrinthine compartments: the bony labyrinthine and the membranous labyrinth. The bony labyrinth is a complex of three interconnecting cavities or spaces (COCHLEA; VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH; and SEMICIRCULAR CANALS) in the TEMPORAL BONE. Within the bony labyrinth lies the membranous labyrinth which is a complex of sacs and tubules (COCHLEAR DUCT; SACCULE AND UTRICLE; and SEMICIRCULAR DUCTS) forming a continuous space enclosed by EPITHELIUM and connective tissue. These spaces are filled with LABYRINTHINE FLUIDS of various compositions.
Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.
Hearing loss without a physical basis. Often observed in patients with psychological or behavioral disorders.
Sensory cells in the organ of Corti, characterized by their apical stereocilia (hair-like projections). The inner and outer hair cells, as defined by their proximity to the core of spongy bone (the modiolus), change morphologically along the COCHLEA. Towards the cochlear apex, the length of hair cell bodies and their apical STEREOCILIA increase, allowing differential responses to various frequencies of sound.
Measurement of the ability to hear speech under various conditions of intensity and noise interference using sound-field as well as earphones and bone oscillators.
Transmission of sound waves through vibration of bones in the SKULL to the inner ear (COCHLEA). By using bone conduction stimulation and by bypassing any OUTER EAR or MIDDLE EAR abnormalities, hearing thresholds of the cochlea can be determined. Bone conduction hearing differs from normal hearing which is based on air conduction stimulation via the EAR CANAL and the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE.
A system of hand gestures used for communication by the deaf or by people speaking different languages.
Ability to make speech sounds that are recognizable.
The space and structures directly internal to the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE and external to the inner ear (LABYRINTH). Its major components include the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE that connects the cavity of middle ear (tympanic cavity) to the upper part of the throat.
A test to determine the lowest sound intensity level at which fifty percent or more of the spondaic test words (words of two syllables having equal stress) are repeated correctly.
An anatomic severity scale based on the Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) and developed specifically to score multiple traumatic injuries. It has been used as a predictor of mortality.
The process whereby auditory stimuli are selected, organized, and interpreted by the organism.
The spiral EPITHELIUM containing sensory AUDITORY HAIR CELLS and supporting cells in the cochlea. Organ of Corti, situated on the BASILAR MEMBRANE and overlaid by a gelatinous TECTORIAL MEMBRANE, converts sound-induced mechanical waves to neural impulses to the brain.
Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.
The cochlear part of the 8th cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE). The cochlear nerve fibers originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project peripherally to cochlear hair cells and centrally to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS) of the BRAIN STEM. They mediate the sense of hearing.
The electric response evoked in the CEREBRAL CORTEX by ACOUSTIC STIMULATION or stimulation of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS.
The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.
The sensory ganglion of the COCHLEAR NERVE. The cells of the spiral ganglion send fibers peripherally to the cochlear hair cells and centrally to the COCHLEAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM.
Sensory cells of organ of Corti. In mammals, they are usually arranged in three or four rows, and away from the core of spongy bone (the modiolus), lateral to the INNER AUDITORY HAIR CELLS and other supporting structures. Their cell bodies and STEREOCILIA increase in length from the cochlear base toward the apex and laterally across the rows, allowing differential responses to various frequencies of sound.
A benign SCHWANNOMA of the eighth cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE), mostly arising from the vestibular branch (VESTIBULAR NERVE) during the fifth or sixth decade of life. Clinical manifestations include HEARING LOSS; HEADACHE; VERTIGO; TINNITUS; and FACIAL PAIN. Bilateral acoustic neuromas are associated with NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 2. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p673)
An oval semitransparent membrane separating the external EAR CANAL from the tympanic cavity (EAR, MIDDLE). It contains three layers: the skin of the external ear canal; the core of radially and circularly arranged collagen fibers; and the MUCOSA of the middle ear.
The fitting and adjusting of artificial parts of the body. (From Stedman's, 26th ed)
Auditory sensory cells of organ of Corti, usually placed in one row medially to the core of spongy bone (the modiolus). Inner hair cells are in fewer numbers than the OUTER AUDITORY HAIR CELLS, and their STEREOCILIA are approximately twice as thick as those of the outer hair cells.
Tests of the ability to hear and understand speech as determined by scoring the number of words in a word list repeated correctly.
Hearing loss due to damage or impairment of both the conductive elements (HEARING LOSS, CONDUCTIVE) and the sensorineural elements (HEARING LOSS, SENSORINEURAL) of the ear.
The graphic registration of the frequency and intensity of sounds, such as speech, infant crying, and animal vocalizations.
Either of a pair of compound bones forming the lateral (left and right) surfaces and base of the skull which contains the organs of hearing. It is a large bone formed by the fusion of parts: the squamous (the flattened anterior-superior part), the tympanic (the curved anterior-inferior part), the mastoid (the irregular posterior portion), and the petrous (the part at the base of the skull).
Ability to determine the specific location of a sound source.
Pathological processes of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) which contains the essential apparatus of hearing (COCHLEA) and balance (SEMICIRCULAR CANALS).
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Examination of the EAR CANAL and eardrum with an OTOSCOPE.
An abnormally disproportionate increase in the sensation of loudness in response to auditory stimuli of normal volume. COCHLEAR DISEASES; VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE DISEASES; FACIAL NERVE DISEASES; STAPES SURGERY; and other disorders may be associated with this condition.
The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.
A type of non-ionizing radiation in which energy is transmitted through solid, liquid, or gas as compression waves. Sound (acoustic or sonic) radiation with frequencies above the audible range is classified as ultrasonic. Sound radiation below the audible range is classified as infrasonic.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
NEURAL PATHWAYS and connections within the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, beginning at the hair cells of the ORGAN OF CORTI, continuing along the eighth cranial nerve, and terminating at the AUDITORY CORTEX.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Systems for assessing, classifying, and coding injuries. These systems are used in medical records, surveillance systems, and state and national registries to aid in the collection and reporting of trauma.
The record of descent or ancestry, particularly of a particular condition or trait, indicating individual family members, their relationships, and their status with respect to the trait or condition.
The science or study of speech sounds and their production, transmission, and reception, and their analysis, classification, and transcription. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A small bony canal linking the vestibule of the inner ear to the posterior part of the internal surface of the petrous TEMPORAL BONE. It transmits the endolymphatic duct and two small blood vessels.
The science pertaining to the interrelationship of psychologic phenomena and the individual's response to the physical properties of sound.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Surgery performed on the external, middle, or internal ear.
An infant during the first month after birth.
Pathological processes of the snail-like structure (COCHLEA) of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) which can involve its nervous tissue, blood vessels, or fluid (ENDOLYMPH).
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
A group of homologous proteins which form the intermembrane channels of GAP JUNCTIONS. The connexins are the products of an identified gene family which has both highly conserved and highly divergent regions. The variety contributes to the wide range of functional properties of gap junctions.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.
The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.
Portable electronics device for storing and playing audio and or media files. MP3 for MPEG-1 audio layer 3, is a digital coding format.
A layer of stratified EPITHELIUM forming the endolymphatic border of the cochlear duct at the lateral wall of the cochlea. Stria vascularis contains primarily three cell types (marginal, intermediate, and basal), and capillaries. The marginal cells directly facing the ENDOLYMPH are important in producing ion gradients and endochoclear potential.
The perceived attribute of a sound which corresponds to the physical attribute of intensity.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Fenestra of the cochlea, an opening in the basal wall between the MIDDLE EAR and the INNER EAR, leading to the cochlea. It is closed by a secondary tympanic membrane.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
A disease of the inner ear (LABYRINTH) that is characterized by fluctuating SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS; TINNITUS; episodic VERTIGO; and aural fullness. It is the most common form of endolymphatic hydrops.
Pathological processes of the VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE, including the branches of COCHLEAR NERVE and VESTIBULAR NERVE. Common examples are VESTIBULAR NEURITIS, cochlear neuritis, and ACOUSTIC NEUROMA. Clinical signs are varying degree of HEARING LOSS; VERTIGO; and TINNITUS.
Pathological processes of the ear, the hearing, and the equilibrium system of the body.
The process by which an observer comprehends speech by watching the movements of the speaker's lips without hearing the speaker's voice.
A dimension of auditory sensation varying with cycles per second of the sound stimulus.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Genes that influence the PHENOTYPE only in the homozygous state.
A characteristic symptom complex.
The acoustic aspects of speech in terms of frequency, intensity, and time.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents that occurs as a result of one's occupation.
The electric response of the cochlear hair cells to acoustic stimulation.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
The region of the cerebral cortex that receives the auditory radiation from the MEDIAL GENICULATE BODY.
Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.
Diseases caused by factors involved in one's employment.
Loss of sensitivity to sounds as a result of auditory stimulation, manifesting as a temporary shift in auditory threshold. The temporary threshold shift, TTS, is expressed in decibels.
The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Pathological processes of the VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH which contains part of the balancing apparatus. Patients with vestibular diseases show instability and are at risk of frequent falls.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Surgical reconstruction of the hearing mechanism of the middle ear, with restoration of the drum membrane to protect the round window from sound pressure, and establishment of ossicular continuity between the tympanic membrane and the oval window. (Dorland, 28th ed.)
An auditory orientation mechanism involving the emission of high frequency sounds which are reflected back to the emitter (animal).
Inflammation of the middle ear with a clear pale yellow-colored transudate.
A mobile chain of three small bones (INCUS; MALLEUS; STAPES) in the TYMPANIC CAVITY between the TYMPANIC MEMBRANE and the oval window on the wall of INNER EAR. Sound waves are converted to vibration by the tympanic membrane then transmitted via these ear ossicles to the inner ear.
One of the three ossicles of the middle ear. It transmits sound vibrations from the INCUS to the internal ear (Ear, Internal see LABYRINTH).
The yellow or brown waxy secretions produced by vestigial apocrine sweat glands in the external ear canal.
The genetic constitution of the individual, comprising the ALLELES present at each GENETIC LOCUS.
The worsening of a disease over time. This concept is most often used for chronic and incurable diseases where the stage of the disease is an important determinant of therapy and prognosis.
The branch of physics that deals with sound and sound waves. In medicine it is often applied in procedures in speech and hearing studies. With regard to the environment, it refers to the characteristics of a room, auditorium, theatre, building, etc. that determines the audibility or fidelity of sounds in it. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A generic concept reflecting concern with the modification and enhancement of life attributes, e.g., physical, political, moral and social environment; the overall condition of a human life.
An illusion of movement, either of the external world revolving around the individual or of the individual revolving in space. Vertigo may be associated with disorders of the inner ear (EAR, INNER); VESTIBULAR NERVE; BRAINSTEM; or CEREBRAL CORTEX. Lesions in the TEMPORAL LOBE and PARIETAL LOBE may be associated with FOCAL SEIZURES that may feature vertigo as an ictal manifestation. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp300-1)
An institute of the CENTERS FOR DISEASE CONTROL AND PREVENTION which is responsible for assuring safe and healthful working conditions and for developing standards of safety and health. Research activities are carried out pertinent to these goals.
The ability to differentiate tones.
Biochemical identification of mutational changes in a nucleotide sequence.
Measurement of parameters of the speech product such as vocal tone, loudness, pitch, voice quality, articulation, resonance, phonation, phonetic structure and prosody.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.
An oval, bony chamber of the inner ear, part of the bony labyrinth. It is continuous with bony COCHLEA anteriorly, and SEMICIRCULAR CANALS posteriorly. The vestibule contains two communicating sacs (utricle and saccule) of the balancing apparatus. The oval window on its lateral wall is occupied by the base of the STAPES of the MIDDLE EAR.
The magnitude of INBREEDING in humans.
The sum or the stock of words used by a language, a group, or an individual. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Autosomal recessive hereditary disorders characterized by congenital SENSORINEURAL HEARING LOSS and RETINITIS PIGMENTOSA. Genetically and symptomatically heterogeneous, clinical classes include type I, type II, and type III. Their severity, age of onset of retinitis pigmentosa and the degree of vestibular dysfunction are variable.
Inflammation of the inner ear (LABYRINTH).
An office in the Department of Labor responsible for developing and establishing occupational safety and health standards.
A temporary or persistent opening in the eardrum (TYMPANIC MEMBRANE). Clinical signs depend on the size, location, and associated pathological condition.
Mechanosensing organelles of hair cells which respond to fluid motion or fluid pressure changes. They have various functions in many different animals, but are primarily used in hearing.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Inflammation of the MIDDLE EAR including the AUDITORY OSSICLES and the EUSTACHIAN TUBE.
A genus of the family Chinchillidae which consists of three species: C. brevicaudata, C. lanigera, and C. villidera. They are used extensively in biomedical research.
A number of tests used to determine if the brain or balance portion of the inner ear are causing dizziness.
The age, developmental stage, or period of life at which a disease or the initial symptoms or manifestations of a disease appear in an individual.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Two membranous sacs within the vestibular labyrinth of the INNER EAR. The saccule communicates with COCHLEAR DUCT through the ductus reuniens, and communicates with utricle through the utriculosaccular duct from which the ENDOLYMPHATIC DUCT arises. The utricle and saccule have sensory areas (acoustic maculae) which are innervated by the VESTIBULAR NERVE.
Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)
A spiral tube that is firmly suspended in the bony shell-shaped part of the cochlea. This ENDOLYMPH-filled cochlear duct begins at the vestibule and makes 2.5 turns around a core of spongy bone (the modiolus) thus dividing the PERILYMPH-filled spiral canal into two channels, the SCALA VESTIBULI and the SCALA TYMPANI.
A prediction of the probable outcome of a disease based on a individual's condition and the usual course of the disease as seen in similar situations.
Standards for limiting worker exposure to airborne contaminants. They are the maximum concentration in air at which it is believed that a particular substance will not produce adverse health effects with repeated daily exposure. It can be a time-weighted average (TLV-TWA), a short-term value (TLV-STEL), or an instantaneous value (TLV-Ceiling). They are expressed either as parts per million (ppm) or milligram per cubic meter (mg/m3).
A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
A surgical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of disorders of the ear, nose, and throat.
The lymph fluid found in the membranous labyrinth of the ear. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Cells forming a framework supporting the sensory AUDITORY HAIR CELLS in the organ of Corti. Lateral to the medial inner hair cells, there are inner pillar cells, outer pillar cells, Deiters cells, Hensens cells, Claudius cells, Boettchers cells, and others.
Most frequently refers to the integration of a physically or mentally disabled child into the regular class of normal peers and provision of the appropriately determined educational program.
The language and sounds expressed by a child at a particular maturational stage in development.
Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.
Genes that influence the PHENOTYPE both in the homozygous and the heterozygous state.
The 8th cranial nerve. The vestibulocochlear nerve has a cochlear part (COCHLEAR NERVE) which is concerned with hearing and a vestibular part (VESTIBULAR NERVE) which mediates the sense of balance and head position. The fibers of the cochlear nerve originate from neurons of the SPIRAL GANGLION and project to the cochlear nuclei (COCHLEAR NUCLEUS). The fibers of the vestibular nerve arise from neurons of Scarpa's ganglion and project to the VESTIBULAR NUCLEI.
Skills in the use of language which lead to proficiency in written or spoken communication.
A membrane, attached to the bony SPIRAL LAMINA, overlying and coupling with the hair cells of the ORGAN OF CORTI in the inner ear. It is a glycoprotein-rich keratin-like layer containing fibrils embedded in a dense amorphous substance.
A distribution in which a variable is distributed like the sum of the squares of any given independent random variable, each of which has a normal distribution with mean of zero and variance of one. The chi-square test is a statistical test based on comparison of a test statistic to a chi-square distribution. The oldest of these tests are used to detect whether two or more population distributions differ from one another.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
The presence of co-existing or additional diseases with reference to an initial diagnosis or with reference to the index condition that is the subject of study. Comorbidity may affect the ability of affected individuals to function and also their survival; it may be used as a prognostic indicator for length of hospital stay, cost factors, and outcome or survival.
A mutation in which a codon is mutated to one directing the incorporation of a different amino acid. This substitution may result in an inactive or unstable product. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, King & Stansfield, 5th ed)
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
Electronic devices that increase the magnitude of a signal's power level or current.
Acquired or developmental cognitive disorders of AUDITORY PERCEPTION characterized by a reduced ability to perceive information contained in auditory stimuli despite intact auditory pathways. Affected individuals have difficulty with speech perception, sound localization, and comprehending the meaning of inflections of speech.
Mammals of the families Delphinidae (ocean dolphins), Iniidae, Lipotidae, Pontoporiidae, and Platanistidae (all river dolphins). Among the most well-known species are the BOTTLE-NOSED DOLPHIN and the KILLER WHALE (a dolphin). The common name dolphin is applied to small cetaceans having a beaklike snout and a slender, streamlined body, whereas PORPOISES are small cetaceans with a blunt snout and rather stocky body. (From Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, pp978-9)
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
An individual in which both alleles at a given locus are identical.
Conditions characterized by language abilities (comprehension and expression of speech and writing) that are below the expected level for a given age, generally in the absence of an intellectual impairment. These conditions may be associated with DEAFNESS; BRAIN DISEASES; MENTAL DISORDERS; or environmental factors.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
A basement membrane in the cochlea that supports the hair cells of the ORGAN OF CORTI, consisting keratin-like fibrils. It stretches from the SPIRAL LAMINA to the basilar crest. The movement of fluid in the cochlea, induced by sound, causes displacement of the basilar membrane and subsequent stimulation of the attached hair cells which transform the mechanical signal into neural activity.
The co-inheritance of two or more non-allelic GENES due to their being located more or less closely on the same CHROMOSOME.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
The brain stem nucleus that receives the central input from the cochlear nerve. The cochlear nucleus is located lateral and dorsolateral to the inferior cerebellar peduncles and is functionally divided into dorsal and ventral parts. It is tonotopically organized, performs the first stage of central auditory processing, and projects (directly or indirectly) to higher auditory areas including the superior olivary nuclei, the medial geniculi, the inferior colliculi, and the auditory cortex.
Inflammation of the middle ear with purulent discharge.
A spiral thickening of the fibrous lining of the cochlear wall. Spiral ligament secures the membranous COCHLEAR DUCT to the bony spiral canal of the COCHLEA. Its spiral ligament fibrocytes function in conjunction with the STRIA VASCULARIS to mediate cochlear ion homeostasis.
An autosomal dominant disorder characterized by a high incidence of bilateral acoustic neuromas as well as schwannomas (NEURILEMMOMA) of other cranial and peripheral nerves, and other benign intracranial tumors including meningiomas, ependymomas, spinal neurofibromas, and gliomas. The disease has been linked to mutations of the NF2 gene (GENES, NEUROFIBROMATOSIS 2) on chromosome 22 (22q12) and usually presents clinically in the first or second decade of life.
Methods to determine in patients the nature of a disease or disorder at its early stage of progression. Generally, early diagnosis improves PROGNOSIS and TREATMENT OUTCOME.
Visual impairments limiting one or more of the basic functions of the eye: visual acuity, dark adaptation, color vision, or peripheral vision. These may result from EYE DISEASES; OPTIC NERVE DISEASES; VISUAL PATHWAY diseases; OCCIPITAL LOBE diseases; OCULAR MOTILITY DISORDERS; and other conditions (From Newell, Ophthalmology: Principles and Concepts, 7th ed, p132).
Persons including soldiers involved with the armed forces.
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
A subfamily of the Muridae consisting of several genera including Gerbillus, Rhombomys, Tatera, Meriones, and Psammomys.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.
Recorded electrical responses from muscles, especially the neck muscles or muscles around the eyes, following stimulation of the EAR VESTIBULE.
A continuing periodic change in displacement with respect to a fixed reference. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
The fluid separating the membranous labyrinth from the osseous labyrinth of the ear. It is entirely separate from the ENDOLYMPH which is contained in the membranous labyrinth. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1396, 642)
An individual having different alleles at one or more loci regarding a specific character.
Hearing Loss. Most common. Least common. No cure; can utilize cochlear implants or hearing aids ... Depending on severity can lead to death. Medications, such as valproate Stimulus-induced drop attacks (SIDAs). Instantaneous ... Some individuals experience hearing loss. Others display kyphoscoliosis (multidirectional curvature of the spine) which can ... Children afflicted by CLS display cognitive disabilities of varying severity. Additional neuromuscular features include sleep ...
Hearing[edit]. Hearing loss has been associated with Osteogenesis leading to ultimately deformities within the ossicle and ... The severity may be mild to severe.[1] Other symptoms may include a blue tinge to the whites of the eye, short height, loose ... Bones that break easily, blue tinge to the whites of the eye, short height, loose joints, hearing loss[1][4]. ... Early loss of hearing. Similar to Type I, Type IV can be further subclassified into types IVA and IVB characterized by absence ...
... hearing aids to ameliorate hearing loss, and routine physical therapy to assist with muscular pain and weakness.[2] In some ... Depending on the severity of the disease, alpha-mannosidosis has been classified into three proposed subtypes, based on ... However, given the variety of mutations that have been documented, and the broad range and severity of symptoms, the disease is ... The first decade of life is characterised by the development of hearing impairment, psychomotor delay, recurrent infections, ...
Since hearing loss is frequently associated with SCS, it is recommended that audiology screening persist throughout childhood. ... Depending on the level of severity, some individuals with SCS may require some form of medical or surgical intervention. Most ... This typically takes about three months and depends on the child's age and the severity of the condition. Following recovery, ... as well as having hearing loss, short stature, and mild mental retardation. Hence, the name Saethre-Chotzen Syndrome was ...
The hearing for Sutcliffe's appeal against the ruling began on 30 November 2010 at the Court of Appeal.[78] It was rejected on ... Psychological Reports describing his mental state were taken into consideration, as was the severity of his crimes.[76] Barring ... Two other convicted murderers, Kenneth Erskine and Jamie Devitt, intervened on hearing screams.[63] ... "Summer date for hearing that could lead to parole for Ripper". Yorkshire Post. Retrieved 17 May 2010 ...
... of nonsyndromic hearing loss. Variants in GJB2 are being looked at to determine age of onset as well as severity of hearing ... According to Aileen Kenneson and Coleen Boyle, about one sixth of the U.S. population has some degree of hearing loss. Recent ... Infections such as rubella and meningitis, low birth weight and ventilator use, are known risk factors for hearing loss, but ... Information gained from further research in the role of GJB2 variants in hearing loss may lead to consisted newborn screening ...
Severity of the hearing impairment is greatly variable, as it ranges from a mild hearing defect that occurs in mid or advanced ... January 2016). "Nonmuscle Myosin Heavy Chain IIA Mutation Predicts Severity and Progression of Sensorineural Hearing Loss in ... The incidence and the severity of the non-congenital manifestations of MYH9-RD correlate with the specific MYH9 mutation. The ... Inherited MYH9 mutations may be responsible for non-syndromic hearing loss.[71][72][73] ...
The severity of hearing loss varies and can change over time. It can affect one ear (unilateral) or both ears (bilateral). ... Hearing loss that results from changes in the middle ear is called conductive hearing loss. The middle ear contains three tiny ... Hearing loss that is present before a child learns to speak is classified as prelingual or congenital. Hearing loss that occurs ... In adults, the chance of developing hearing loss increases with age; hearing loss affects half of all people older than 80 ...
In addition to this hearing, vision, balance, and reflexes may also be assessed as an indicator of the severity of the injury.[ ... Severity is measured using various concussion grading systems.[citation needed] A slightly greater injury is associated with ... Symptoms(depend on severity) Lucid interval followed by unconsciousness. Gradually increasing headache and confusion ... Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is the most widely used scoring system used to assess the level of severity of a brain injury. This ...
Noise-induced hearing loss is a permanent shift in pure-tone thresholds, resulting in sensorineural hearing loss. The severity ... Individuals who have hearing loss, including noise induced hearing loss, may have their symptoms alleviated with the use of ... Rosenhall U, Pedersen K, Svanborg A (August 1990). "Presbycusis and noise-induced hearing loss". Ear and Hearing. 11 (4): 257- ... Noise induced hearing lossEdit. Main article: Noise-induced hearing loss. ...
Separate schooling may only occur when the nature or severity of the disability is such that instructional goals cannot be ... Finally, the law contains a due process clause that guarantees an impartial hearing to resolve conflicts between the parents of ...
Ototoxicity (hearing loss): there is at present no effective treatment to prevent this side effect, which may be severe. ... Audiometric analysis may be necessary to assess the severity of ototoxicity. Other drugs (such as the aminoglycoside antibiotic ... Common side effects include bone marrow suppression, hearing problems, kidney problems, and vomiting.[1] Other serious side ... Common neurological side effects of cisplatin include visual perception and hearing disorder, which can occur soon after ...
This is only to be used for serious violations that are congruent with the Disciplinary Severity Scale and where no other ... However, it also applies for detainees that are awaiting a transfer to another detention center, their release, or a hearing ... the severity of the crime, and the alien's criminal history.[16] ICE then places a detainer on the individual, which is a ... prioritize them based on the severity of the crimes that they committed, and transform the processes necessary to remove them ...
The coroner theorized that all five victims were killed instantly, given the severity of their injuries. The bodies were taken ... she remembered hearing a boom and felt her trailer shake. The helicopter was identified as being owned by Chicago-based company ...
Su, CX; Yan, LJ; Lewith, G; Liu, JP (2013). "Chinese herbal medicine for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss: A ... Inquiry focuses on the "seven inquiries", which involve asking the person about the regularity, severity, or other ... A 2013 review found the research on the benefit and safety of CHM for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss is of poor ... A 2013 Cochrane review found inconclusive evidence that CHM reduces the severity of eczema.[152] The traditional medicine ...
"Hearing and balance disorders. American Hearing Research Foundation. Retrieved 16 January 2017.. ... Severity will depend on the hydrostatic pressure difference.[39] A very rapid descent, usually by accident, may exceed the rate ... Mechanical trauma to the inner ear can lead to varying degrees of conductive and sensorineural hearing loss as well as vertigo ... After ear injury examination will include a hearing test and a demonstration that the middle ear can be autoinflated. Recovery ...
In some double dapples, there are varying degrees of vision and hearing loss, including reduced or absent eyes.[48] Not all ... Since the occurrence and severity of these health problems is largely hereditary, breeders are working to eliminate these. ... Double-dapple dachshunds, which are prone to eye disease, blindness, or hearing problems, are generally believed to have been ... or varying degrees of both vision and hearing problems; but heightened problems can occur due to the genetic process in which ...
Due to the physical declines associated with aging, older adults tend to exhibit losses in eyesight, hearing and physical ... given the severity of these injuries.[17] ...
The severity of the symptoms will also vary from case to case. Even family members will not show the same range or severity of ... Checking for hearing impairment.. *Checking for missing teeth or presence of cleft lip and/or cleft palate. ...
The amount of benefit experienced by the user of the hearing aid is multi-factorial, depending on the type, severity, and ... Extended wear hearing aids[edit]. Main article: Extended wear hearing aid. Extended wear hearing aids are hearing devices that ... A hearing aid is a device designed to improve hearing by making sound audible to a person with hearing loss. Hearing aids are ... Behind the Ear Hearing Aids[edit]. Behind the ear hearing aids are one of two major classes of hearing aids - Behind the ear ( ...
Hearing loss is usually bilateral and may range from mild to profound impairment. Renal disease includes nephrotic syndrome, ... Prognosis depends on the severity of the kidney disease. The frequency is unknown, but the disease is considered to be very ... genetic background plays a major role in the severity of the disease. Inheritance is probably autosomal dominant. A thorough ...
"Are attitudes and beliefs about symptoms more important than symptom severity in recovery from psychosis?". Psychosis. 2 (1): ... Manchester England: Hearing Voices Network.. *. James, Adam (2001). Raising our voices: an account of the hearing voices ... Hearing voices is not in itself a sign of mental illness.. *Hearing voices is part of the diversity of being a human, it is a ... Annual World Hearing Voices Day[edit]. This is held on 14 September and celebrates hearing voices as part of the diversity of ...
... it is referred to as a mixed hearing loss. Depending upon the severity and nature of the conductive loss, this type of hearing ... The following table compares sensorineural hearing loss to conductive: Criterion Sensorineural hearing loss Conductive hearing ... Sensorineural hearing loss. References[edit]. *^ "Hearing Loss". HealthCentral. Retrieved 8 June 2013.. .mw-parser-output cite. ... distinguishing conductive hearing loss from other kinds of hearing loss. A conductive hearing loss is characterized by a ...
If present, a responder can speak with the user through the microphone/speaker in order to clarify the type and severity of the ... New fall detection technologies are being integrated into watches, pendents, hearing aids, and wall mounted devices that do not ... Some monitoring services employ trained medical operators enabling them to better evaluate the severity of medical requests. In ...
"The Dysphonia Severity Index". Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. 43 (3): 796-809. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4303.796. ... There are objective parameters that help characterize the degree of dysphonia such as the Dysphonia Severity Index. This index ... Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders. 54 (1): 68-73. doi:10.1044/jshd.5401.68. ISSN 0022-4677. PMID 2915528. HOCEVAR- ...
The frequency and severity of side effects and the availability of better tolerated alternatives make indometacin today a drug ... Paradoxically yet uncommonly, indometacin can cause headache (10 to 20%), sometimes with vertigo and dizziness, hearing loss, ...
In response to hearing this, Gertrude asked if she had "ever done anything with a boy" to which Likens-unsure of her meaning- ... severity, and the actual stage of healing. Her injuries included burns, severe bruising, and extensive muscle and nerve damage ... Within her parole hearing, Baniszewski stated her wish that Likens' death could "be undone",[167] although she minimized her ... Upon hearing this, Gertrude asked, "Why did you do that, Sylvia?" Likens replied, "I don't know," and shrugged. Several days ...
Hearing is almost invariably normal. Over time, up to 40% of patients develop so-called chilblain lesions, most typically on ... Current treatments address the symptoms, which can be varied both in scope and severity. Many patients benefit from tube- ... and even affected siblings within a family can show marked differences in severity. In about ten percent of cases, AGS presents ...
Both increase with activity and are generalized over all body regions with a higher severity in the upper limbs than in the ... Hearing and visual impairments occur frequently, respectively 11% and 45%. Dysarthria or anarthria are also common, so ... Dystonia has a significantly higher level of severity in the distal parts of the extremities, whereas choreoathetosis is more ... Non-motor impairments increase with motor severity. Half of the DCP group shows severe learning disabilities, 51% has epilepsy ...
The range of severity can vary from pain to hearing loss. Acute acoustic trauma can be treated by combining hyperbaric oxygen ... Hearing loss due to noise is the second most common sensorineural hearing loss, after age-related hearing loss (presbycusis). ... Eardrum repair Using technological assistance for hearing loss such as a hearing aids Ear protection Using earplugs and other ... Of more than 28 million Americans with some degree of hearing impairment, as many as 10 million have hearing loss caused by in ...
coronal synostosis • skeletal abnormalities of the hands or feet • hearing loss 602849 FGFR3 ... which can vary between seven and fifteen millimetres depending on the severity of the deformity.[42] ...
When determining civil penalties, the EPA would take into consideration the severity of infraction, effects of penalties, and ... Solicitation of comments; notice of public hearings Section 21 136t Delegation and cooperation Section 22 ...
Sâr gained a sympathetic hearing from many in the governing Communist Party of China (CPC)-especially Chen Boda, Zhang Chunqiao ... and the persecution of religion by the Khmer Rouge was matched in severity only by the persecution of religion in the communist ...
Temporal lobe: Tumors in this lobe may contribute to poor memory, loss of hearing,[15] difficulty in language comprehension ( ... the tumors are divided into different grades of severity.[1] ... impaired hearing, facial paralysis, double vision, or more ...
Depending on the diagnosis, severity and individual, and the job itself, personality disorders can be associated with ... Hearing Loss. *Hospital-acquired infection. *Indium lung. *Laboratory animal allergy. *Lead poisoning ...
As of 2014, around 5% of the Qatari population suffered from hereditary hearing loss; most were descendants of a consanguineous ... Inbreeding history of the population should also be considered when discussing the variation in the severity of inbreeding ... hearing loss, neonatal diabetes, limb malformations, disorders of sex development, schizophrenia and several others.[63][76] ... "Consanguinity and hereditary hearing loss in Qatar". Human Heredity. 77 (1-4): 175-82. doi:10.1159/000360475. PMID 25060281 ...
Gouk P (2004). Erlmann (ed.). Hearing Cultures: Essays on Sound, Listening and Modernity. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. ... with major depressive or anxiety disorders found that music-based interventions may be efficient in reducing the severity of ... Erlmann, Veit (ed.) Hearing Cultures. Essays on Sound, Listening, and Modernity, New York: Berg Publishers, 2004. Cf. ... Early Modern Medical Explanations for Music's Effects », in Veit Erlmann (dir.), Hearing Cultures. Essays on Sound, Listening ...
The FDA held a Congressional hearing in 2005 to review the situation.[21] The U.S. is an especially attractive market for ... in light of the increasing severity of the problem of counterfeit drugs. ... "Hearing on Counterfeit Drugs within the United States". Archived from the original on January 18, 2009. ...
... are simple questionnaires that may be used to determine the severity of symptoms.[22] Scores on CAT range from 0-40 with the ... Concerns include the potential for antibiotic resistance and side effects including hearing loss, tinnitus, and changes to the ... higher the score, the more severe the disease.[79] Spirometry may help to determine the severity of airflow limitation.[22] ...
Positive symptoms are thoughts, behaviors, or anything experienced by the senses that are not shared by others - like hearing ... reduce the severity of psychosis and associated symptoms (e.g., agitation, aggression, negative symptoms, affective symptoms), ... Hallucinations are usually experiences of hearing voices that don't exist. These voices often say unpleasant things to the ... hearing, seeing, smelling, or tasting things that do not exist (hallucinations).[13] Positive symptoms often respond to drug ...
Other traits include sensory neuron losses that affect coordination, balance, hearing, taste, and breathing. Knockout mice also ... "The common BDNF polymorphism may be a modifier of disease severity in Rett syndrome". Neurology. 72 (14): 1242-47. doi:10.1212 ...
Ears: conductive hearing loss due to auditory tube dysfunction, sensorineural hearing loss (unclear mechanism) ... GPA treatment depends on the severity of the disease.[8] Severe disease is typically treated with a combination of ... GPA treatment depends on its severity and whether it has caused organ damage.[8] ... hearing loss, and deafness.[11] The risk of relapse is increased in people with GPA who test positive for anti-PR3 ANCA ...
The dose may need to be decreased to reduce the severity of these side effects.[33] The skin becomes more fragile-especially to ... A few of the more common birth defects this drug can cause are hearing and visual impairment, missing or malformed earlobes, ...
"American Speech-Language-Hearing Association, Rockville, MD. Archived from the original on 2 August 2012. Retrieved 30 November ... a meta-analysis found no relationship between dysfunction and disease severity.[38] However, cognitive and behavioral ... meaning the majority of people with ALS maintain hearing, sight, touch, smell, and taste.[4] ...
Despite his hearing problem, Stanley enjoyed listening to music, and he watched American Bandstand on television. His favorite ... to varying degrees of severity, leaves you with just a crumpled mass of cartilage. . . . That left me unable to tell the ...
Exploding head syndrome - Waking up in the night hearing loud noises.. *Sleep terror (or Pavor nocturnus)- Characterized by a ... found that sleep is dramatically impaired by allergic symptoms and that the degree of impairment is related to the severity of ...
Most SMA patients have 2 or more copies of the SMN2 gene with more copies resulting a decrease in disease severity.[59] Most ... of sensory neurons can cause degeneration of sensory neurons involved in transmitting sensory information such as hearing and ...
According to the age, vision and hearing tests can aid in fixing problems related cognition.[20] For problems related to ... The severity of symptoms depends on the number of deletions; the more deletions there are, the more severe the symptoms are ... hearing problems, bone deformities, growth hormone deficiency, gastrointestinal problems, kidney malfunctions, etc.[10] ...
In 2004 hearings began in a motion for a new trial. In 2006, Baran was granted a new trial and released on $50,000 bail. In May ... Despite the severity of some of the alleged acts, parents noticed no abnormal behaviour in their children until after initial ...
Investigating the degree and severity of untreated emotional mental disorders throughout the world is a top priority of the ... it is necessary for professionals to have cultural competency of deaf and hard of hearing people and to understand how to ... The coordinated surveys on emotional mental health disorders, their severity, and treatments were implemented in the ... To give insight on the severity of mental health in children, 13% of youth in America reported suffering from at least one ...
Speech impairments may be seen in children with CP depending on the severity of brain damage.[117] Communication in a school ... hearing, swallowing, and speaking.[1] Often, babies with cerebral palsy do not roll over, sit, crawl or walk as early as other ... Because cerebral palsy has "varying severity and complexity" across the lifespan,[72] it can be considered a collection of ... CP can significantly reduce a person's life expectancy, depending on the severity of their condition and the quality of care ...
Liles NW, Page EE, Liles AL, Vesely SK, Raskob GE, George JN (May 2016). "Diversity and severity of adverse reactions to ... hearing impairment, vertigo or dizziness, blurred vision, and disturbance in color perception.[27][28] More severe cinchonism ...
The final result may also remain a list of possible conditions, ranked in order of probability or severity. ...
The severity of the corruption charges led to a loss of trust between Congress and the party.[10][11] Time magazine listed the ... "A Raja, jailed for telecom scam, applies for bail, hearing on Friday". NDTV.. ...
Miniature zinc-air batteries - P type - are used in hearing aids and medical instruments. In the IEC system, larger cells may ... found that early and frequent ingestion of honey or sucralfate suspension prior to removal can reduce the injury severity to a ... Relatively high-power devices such as hearing aids may use a zinc-air battery which have much higher capacity for a given size ...
In addition to this hearing, vision, balance, and reflexes may also be assessed as an indicator of the severity of the injury.[ ... Severity is measured using various concussion grading systems.[citation needed]. A slightly greater injury is associated with ... Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) is the most widely used scoring system used to assess the level of severity of a brain injury. This ... Symptoms (depending on the severity)[10]. Lucid interval followed by unconsciousness. Gradually increasing headache and ...
Our estimates can inform national public health initiatives on hearing loss and help guide policy recommendations currently ... Prevalence of Hearing Loss by Severity in the United States Am J Public Health. 2016 Oct;106(10):1820-2. doi: 10.2105/AJPH. ... Objectives: To estimate the age- and severity-specific prevalence of hearing impairment in the United States. ... and profound better-ear hearing loss. Older individuals displayed a higher prevalence of hearing loss and more severe levels of ...
To analyze a possible association of the degree of hearing loss with the severity of tinnitus, we have performed a ... We have found that 83% of our tinnitus patients had a high frequency hearing loss corresponding to a noise-induced hearing loss ... In addition, we demonstrate that the degree of hearing loss positively correlates with the two subscales ( ... patients suffering from decompensated chronic tinnitus had a greater degree of hearing loss than the patients with compensated ...
We divided the subjects into two groups: tinnitus group and no tinnitus group, with a normal hearing threshold (n=2,249) of the ... The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the nutritional risk factors for tinnitus with normal hearing in the ... revealed that a low salt intake was an important risk factor for the development of tinnitus in adults with normal hearing (OR= ... We showed hearing patterns with hearing loss at high frequencies in both groups. Both groups had a pattern of reduced hearing ...
Severity[edit]. The severity of a hearing loss is ranked according to ranges of nominal thresholds in which a sound must be so ... There are three main types of hearing loss: conductive hearing loss, sensorineural hearing loss, and mixed hearing loss.[3] ... Hearing loss is categorized by type, severity, and configuration. Furthermore, a hearing loss may exist in only one ear ( ... Hearing loss exists when there is diminished acuity to sounds normally heard.[12] The terms hearing impaired or hard of hearing ...
The Influence of Stuttering Severity on Acoustic Startle Responses. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, August ... Speech, Voice & Prosodic Disorders / Fluency Disorders / Hearing & Speech Perception / Acoustics / Speech / Research Articles ... Ellis, J. B., Finan, D. S., & Ramig, P. R. (2008). The Influence of Stuttering Severity on Acoustic Startle Responses. J Speech ... The Influence of Stuttering Severity on Acoustic Startle Responses You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected ...
SEVERITY DICTATES NEXT STEPS. The treatment of superior canal dehiscence depends on the degree of symptoms. Patients with ... Patients with superior canal dehiscence frequently have a conductive or mixed hearing loss. The hearing loss most commonly ... Clinical Consultation: Symptoms Sudden Hearing Loss in Both Ears * Through the Otoscope: Symptoms Heartbeat and Whooshing Sound ... The procedure carries a small risk of sensorineural hearing loss. Additional problems include dizziness with head motion in the ...
Mental Health Status and Perceived Tinnitus Severity. Benton, Steven L. Benton, Steven L. Less ... Hearing Matters: Debilitating Tinnitus A Problem, and Solution, in Neuroplasticity. Colucci, Dennis A. ... Study probes impact on hearing aid benefit of earlier involvement by significant other. Hoover-Steinwart, Lisa M.; English, ... Cochlear Migraine: A Possible Cause of Hearing Loss and Tinnitus. Lai, Jen-Tsung; Liu, Tien-Chen ...
Measuring The Severity Of Stuttering. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, December 1951, Vol. 16, 320-326. doi:10.1044/ ... Measuring The Severity Of Stuttering You will receive an email whenever this article is corrected, updated, or cited in the ... Lewis, D. & Sherman, D. (1951). Measuring The Severity Of Stuttering. J Speech Hear Disord, 16(4), 320-326. doi: 10.1044/jshd. ... Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, December 1951, Vol. 16, 320-326. doi:10.1044/jshd.1604.320 ...
Location and severity of injury.. Generally, but not always, the trauma is to the vicinity of the ear. Slaps to the ear, blunt ... Central hearing loss. Hearing loss from damage to the brain or brainstem is rare, and post-traumatic hearing loss localized to ... Neural hearing loss. The 8th nerve is hard to damage as it is encased in hard bone. Neural hearing loss is due to damage to the ... Disruption to the ear drum or ossicular chain can cause conductive hearing loss. This means that hearing is better through bone ...
Police Department is inviting the UCSF community and neighbors to help evaluate the departments work through a public hearing ... For Parkinsons Patients, Gene Therapy Shows Promise for Reducing Severity of Motor Symptoms. ... The public hearing will take place April 15, 3:00 - 5:00 p.m., at the UCSF Police Department, 654 Minnesota Street, Tivoli Room ... The hearing will provide insights for assessors from the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies (CALEA), ...
Broad-Spectrum Antibiotics Can Increase GVHD Severity in Stem Cell Recipients. By Ruth Williams , May 18, 2016 ...
... is the loss of hearing ability at a young age. It may be congenital, delayed-onset, ... severity of hearing loss,. *type of hearing loss,. *comorbid conditions,. *family desires and goals for their child. ... Hearing Aids. Attempts should be made to fit hearing aids within 1 month of diagnosis. Loaner hearing aids can be provided ... Congenital hearing loss refers to hearing loss that is present at birth and is often identified through a newborn hearing ...
Severity regarding the crime; impact on a victim and the surrounding community. - Any prior criminal history regarding the ... A pretrial hearing will begin by going over an agenda. These are the list of reasons why a pretrial hearing is being held. In ... they will typically go through a pretrial hearing before an actual trial begins. This pretrial hearing is a time when attorneys ... When an accused person goes to a pretrial hearing, they may not be facing any jail time. A judge is present during a pretrial ...
Severe hearing impairment such that verbal communication is unreliable;. *History of important cardiac, endocrine, pulmonary, ... The main purpose of this study is to try to demonstrate an improvement in the severity of tinnitus after 4 weeks of treatment ... Hearing Disorders. Ear Diseases. Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases. Sensation Disorders. Neurologic Manifestations. Nervous System ... Evaluating Possible Improvement in Tinnitus Severity After 28 Days Dosing of the Study Drug AUT00063 Compared to Placebo (QUIET ...
American Speech-Language-Hearing Assn.. This course is offered for 0.1 ASHA CEUs (Intermediate level, Professional Area) ... Dementia Diaries Part 2: Staging on the Severity Continuum Course: #9168Level: Intermediate1 Hour ... hours of continuing education credit for SLPs as required by the California Speech-Language Pathology and Audiology and Hearing ...
Definition Hearing impairment is the temporary or permanent loss of some or all hearing in one or both ears. ... the age of onset of the hearing impairment and the degree of hearing loss because each is closely associated with the severity ... Hearing impairment. Definition. Hearing impairment is the temporary or permanent loss of some or all hearing in one or both ... However, any residual hearing can be maximized with a hearing aid. Many types of hearing aids are available for children as ...
Disease Severity e.g., dire consequences, dire disabilities, compromised QOL. Evidence Base e.g., none, some, limited. Stage of ... combining hearing aids and cochlear implants.. Individualized auditory training to maximize hearing- aid and cochlear implant ... Worksheet Summary for Inner Ear/Sensorineural Hearing Loss. */ (1) Based on data and experience, develop list of otologic ... Hearing aids are the third most commonly used assistive device (after canes and glasses) but satisfaction is generally low. HA ...
The severity of hearing impairment was identified by pure tone average of hearing thresholds at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz. In CHARLS ... severe and profound hearing impairment, respectively. As the severity of hearing impairment increased, individuals were likely ... in which hearing impairment was measured by asking whether participants aged 45 years old had hearing problems; and (2) Hearing ... Hearing impairment and its severity were closely related to multiple physical and mental health outcomes among Chinese middle- ...
Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, June 2000, Vol. 43, 796-809. doi:10.1044/jslhr.4303.796 ... The Dysphonia Severity IndexAn Objective Measure of Vocal Quality Based on a Multiparameter Approach. ... The vocal quality of a patient is modeled by means of a Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI), which is designed to establish an ... The Dysphonia Severity IndexAn Objective Measure of Vocal Quality Based on a Multiparameter Approach ...
Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, February 1990, Vol. 55, 75-81. doi:10.1044/jshd.5501.75 ... Acknowledgment and Severity of Stuttering as Factors Influencing Nonstutterers Perceptions of Stutterers. ... Acknowledgment and Severity of Stuttering as Factors Influencing Nonstutterers Perceptions of Stutterers ... Acknowledgment and Severity of Stuttering as Factors Influencing Nonstutterers Perceptions of Stutterers ...
Patients depression better predictor of poor quality of life than severity of heart disease, accord. ... UCSF Medical Center reminder: minimize the risk of hearing loss during fourth of July celebrations. ...
The Prevalence of Hearing, Vision, and Dual Sensory Loss in Older Canadians: An Analysis of Data from the Canadian Longitudinal ... Various levels of impairment severity were described. Results were extrapolated to the 2016 Canadian population. In 2016, ... Is hearing loss associated with poorer health in older adults who might benefit from hearing screening? Ear and Hearing, 37(3 ... Low prevalence of hearing aid use among older adults with hearing loss: The epidemiology of hearing loss study. Journal of the ...
Ménière disease is an inner ear disorder that affects balance and hearing. ... A hearing test will show the hearing loss that occurs with Ménière disease. Hearing may be near normal after an attack. ... The severity of each attack can vary. Some attacks may be severe and interfere with daily living activities. ... A hearing aid to improve hearing in the affected ear.. *Balance therapy, which includes head, eye, and body exercises you can ...
The following search terms were used: neonatal screening AND hearing loss AND hearing disorders. The key phrase ... The present statement reviews the evidence for universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS). A systematic review of the ... Depending on the etiology and severity of hearing loss, this may involve hearing aids, cochlear implants or bone-anchored ... Newborn hearing screening vs. later hearing screening and developmental outcomes in children with permanent childhood hearing ...
... severity,of,fatal,disease,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters,current medical news,latest ... can lead to severe hearing loss, especially in pediatric patients. For cisplatin, hearing ... ... MU researchers find synthetic RNA lessens severity of fatal disease. ...COLUMBIA Mo. A team of University of Missouri ... "When we introduced synthetic RNA into mice that carry the genes responsible for SMA, the diseases severity was significantly ...
Toxicity and severity descriptors for the listing of biological agents for Crohns disease on the Pharmaceutical Benefits ... Hearing. Tinnitus or hearing loss not requiring treatment. 2 (or higher). Incoordination. Mild symptoms interfering with ... Toxicity and severity descriptors for the listing of biological agents for Crohns disease on the Pharmaceutical Benefits ...
Audiometry or the hearing test helps to determine the ability of a person to hear various sounds and consequently identify the ... location of damage in a person with diminished hearing sensitivity. ... The severity of hearing loss depends on the pure tone average and is categorized as below-. Severity of hearing loss. Pure tone ... Online Hearing Tests. Online hearing tests enable you to test your hearing to check slow or sudden hearing loss right at your ...
Determine the incidence and severity of hearing loss in head and neck cancer patients undergoing low-dose, weekly cisplatin ... The RBANS-H in Older Adults With Normal Hearing or Age-related Hearing Loss. *Normal Hearing ... Risk Factors for Hearing Loss as a Result of Exposure to Noise During Military Training in the IDF. *Hearing Loss, Noise- ... Combined Acoustic and Electric Hearing (CI/HA) in Adult Bimodal Users Using a HA With a Bimodal Fitting Formula. *Hearing Loss ...
  • To estimate the age- and severity-specific prevalence of hearing impairment in the United States. (nih.gov)
  • Hearing loss , also known as hearing impairment , is a partial or total inability to hear . (wikipedia.org)
  • [17] The term hearing impairment is often viewed negatively as it emphasises what people cannot do. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hearing impairment is the temporary or permanent loss of some or all hearing in one or both ears. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Conductive hearing impairment is most often caused by otitis media , an infection of the middle ear. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Chronic secretory otitis media, also called otitis media with effusion or suppurative otitis media, is the most common cause of temporary hearing impairment in children under eight. (encyclopedia.com)
  • About 12,000 American infants annually are born with some degree of hearing impairment. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Three out of every 1,000 children are born with significant hearing impairment. (encyclopedia.com)
  • In the United States 14.9 percent of children aged six to 19 have measurable hearing impairment in one or both ears. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Noise-induced hearing impairment is increasing in the United States . (encyclopedia.com)
  • If the blockage persists it causes chronic secretory otitis media, the most common cause of conductive hearing impairment in children. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A painful earache and temporary hearing impairment in one ear are common symptoms of acute otitis media. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Down syndrome , which is characterized by narrow ear canals resulting in susceptibility to middle ear infections (About 80% of children with Down syndrome have some hearing impairment. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Hearing impairment is a common chronic condition which can be closely related to people's health. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Therefore, we aimed to explore the association between hearing impairment and its severity with physical and mental health among Chinese middle-aged and older adults. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The severity of hearing impairment was identified by pure tone average of hearing thresholds at 0.5, 1, 2, and 4 kHz. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In CHARLS, 1248 (8.36%) participants suffered from hearing impairment at baseline, and hearing-impaired individuals were more likely to have chronic diseases, impaired activities of daily living (ADLs), impaired instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) and depressive symptoms. (biomedcentral.com)
  • For the 376 hearing-impaired participants in Hearing Survey 2019, 30.32, 38.30 and 31.38% of them had moderate, severe and profound hearing impairment, respectively. (biomedcentral.com)
  • As the severity of hearing impairment increased, individuals were likely to have impaired ADLs, impaired IADLs and depressive symptoms. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Hearing impairment and its severity were closely related to multiple physical and mental health outcomes among Chinese middle-aged and older adults. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Actions should be taken to prevent and treat hearing impairment, so as to improve people's health and well-being. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Hearing impairment is one of the most common sensory dysfunctions, which adds to the burden of physical and mental health extensively [ 1 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • According to the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study, half a billion people suffered from disabling hearing impairment (pure tone average of 35 dB or worse) worldwide [ 2 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Hearing impairment often has a slow onset and progressive deterioration, resulting in unrecognized and under-treated health problems [ 3 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In China, according to the Second National Sample Survey on Disability in 2006, the prevalence rate of hearing disability (moderate hearing impairment and above) was about 11% among the elderly over 60 [ 11 ], ranking top among six categories of disability (hearing, visual, speech, physical, intellectual and mental disabilities) [ 12 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In addition, a large proportion of people regard hearing impairment as a natural process of aging which can be ignorable, so hearing impairment has not yet received enough attention as it deserves [ 14 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • In this context, it is imperative to conduct a study on the association between hearing impairment and health outcomes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Various levels of impairment severity were described. (cambridge.org)
  • Hearing impairment, deafness, or hearing loss refers to the total or partial inability to hear sounds. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • A patient with a mild hearing impairment may have problems understanding speech, especially if there is a lot of noise around, while those with moderate deafness may need a hearing aid. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The severity of hearing impairment is categorized by how much louder volumes need to be set at before they can detect a sound. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Some studies even found that hearing loss was specifically associated with an increased risk of developing mild cognitive impairment, which can be considered an early stage of Alzheimer's disease. (dementia.org)
  • Hearing Loss and Risk of Mild Cognitive Impairment and Dementia: Findings from the Singapore Longitudinal Ageing Study. (dementia.org)
  • The vast majority of inherited hearing impairment are non syndromic. (egms.de)
  • The exact number of genes involved in genetic hearing impairment (HI) is not known, but it is thought that mutations in at least 100 genes can be associated with hearing impairment. (egms.de)
  • Over the last decade, we have seen a tremendous growth in the localisation and identification of genes for non syndromic hearing impairment. (egms.de)
  • Currently (mid 2005), over 100 different loci have been found to be associated with hereditary hearing impairment: 41 disorders are associated with autosomal dominant mode of inheritance, 45 with autosomal recessive, 6 with X-linked and 6 are maternally inherited on the mitochondrial DNA. (egms.de)
  • DFNM1 can dramatically reduce the penetrance of DFNB26 -linked haplotype in homozygous, therefore preventing hearing impairment to occur [ Ref. 37] , and DFNM2 which should account for hearing impairment in A1555G mitochondrial mutation carriers not exposed to aminoglycosides [ Ref. 5] . (egms.de)
  • The American with Disabilities Act, (Public Law 101-336, 1990) defines a disability as a physical or psychological impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities, (i.e., learning, walking, talking, seeing, hearing, taking care of one's self). (polk.edu)
  • how an individual with a hearing impairment can file a claim against an employer under the ADA or the Rehabilitation Act. (lawmemo.com)
  • A hearing impairment can be caused by many physical conditions (e.g., childhood illnesses, pregnancy-related illnesses, injury, heredity, age, excessive or prolonged exposure to noise), and result in varying degrees of hearing loss. (lawmemo.com)
  • 7 An individual with a moderate hearing impairment may be able to hear sound, but have difficulty distinguishing specific speech patterns in a conversation. (lawmemo.com)
  • Individuals with a profound hearing impairment may not be able to hear sounds at all. (lawmemo.com)
  • The many different circumstances under which individuals develop hearing impairments can affect the way they experience sound, communicate with others, and view their hearing impairment. (lawmemo.com)
  • It can involve varying degrees of impairment of thinking, memory, vision, hearing and other functions. (newsday.com)
  • Risks of tinnitus, sensorineural hearing impairment, and sudden deafness in patients with non-migraine headache. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Tinnitus and hearing impairment are prevalent among headache patients. (bioportfolio.com)
  • This study aims to investigate the risk of tinnitus, sensorineural hearing impairment, and sudden deafness in patients with non-m. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Open-angle glaucoma and sensorineural hearing impairment in the Korean population. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Hearing loss due to damage or impairment of both the conductive elements (HEARING LOSS, CONDUCTIVE) and the sensorineural elements (HEARING LOSS, SENSORINEURAL) of the ear. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Hearing impairment, coping and perceived hearing handicap in middle-aged subjects with acquired hearing loss. (gu.se)
  • Coping strategies are presumed to be modifying factors between a hearing impairment and the perceived handicap. (gu.se)
  • Articles from the Hearing Journal on tinnitus - its causes, symptoms, and treatment. (lww.com)
  • As the area injured is usually the ear, and the ear contains both hearing and vestibular apparatus, generally there are symptoms of both hearing disturbance AND dizziness at the same time, in post-traumatic hearing loss. (dizziness-and-balance.com)
  • Generally, but not always, post-traumatic hearing symptoms begin immediately after the trauma. (dizziness-and-balance.com)
  • Exaggeration of hearing symptoms is also common in persons who are undergoing litigation related to a head injury, as due to the litigation process, they may have secondary gain. (dizziness-and-balance.com)
  • Someone who is exaggerating their symptoms, may still have an objective nystagmus or hearing disturbance. (dizziness-and-balance.com)
  • There are many methods of separating out feigned hearing symptoms from objective deficits. (dizziness-and-balance.com)
  • [1] Other symptoms may include a blue tinge to the whites of the eye , short height, loose joints , hearing loss , breathing problems and problems with the teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • A small investment in hearing aids may reduce some of symptoms of dementia. (dementia.org)
  • Their studies suggest that people with hearing loss are more likely to develop dementia, and that age-related hearing loss may also increase the severity of dementia symptoms. (dementia.org)
  • Unanswered questions include whether hearing loss and dementia are both the result of a general age-related decline in brain function, or if hearing loss somehow directly or indirectly contributes to dementia symptoms. (dementia.org)
  • One study found that elderly participants with profound hearing loss who did not have dementia showed cognitive improvement and fewer depressive symptoms after receiving a cochlear implant. (dementia.org)
  • A recent pilot study reported that an intervention that included the use of a hearing-amplification device and communication-skills training improved the symptoms of dementia patients who scored high on depressive and psychiatric tests at the beginning of the study. (dementia.org)
  • These studies suggest that improving hearing may alleviate dementia symptoms, although indirectly. (dementia.org)
  • Although it is unlikely that correcting hearing impairments will cure dementia, it may help reduce symptoms and improve overall quality of life. (dementia.org)
  • Medicines that reduce fluid (diuretics) may help reduce the pressure of fluid in the inner ear and help control the frequency and severity of symptoms. (mydr.com.au)
  • This may help reduce the severity and frequency of symptoms. (mydr.com.au)
  • In most cases, the symptoms can be significantly minimized with hearing aids. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • In an observational, cross-sectional study of 933 patients with Parkinson disease, Ray Chaudhuri and colleagues found a wide discrepancy between the severity of nonmotor symptoms as measured by the NonMotor Symptoms Scale (NMSS) and motor symptoms as measured by the Hoehn and Yahr scale. (medscape.com)
  • MD is typically diagnosed clinically from the classic triad of symptoms including recurrent and spontaneous vertigo, hearing loss, and tinnitus/sensation of aural fullness. (chiro.org)
  • As with ALD, symptoms can vary between affected individuals, as well as the severity. (news-medical.net)
  • Symptoms tend to be progressive and prognosis depends on the severity and subtype of AMN. (news-medical.net)
  • In addition, we demonstrate that the degree of hearing loss positively correlates with the two subscales ("intrusiveness" and "auditory perceptional difficulties") of the Tinnitus Questionnaire. (mdpi.com)
  • In addition, some mild hearing losses as well as auditory neuropathy may not be identified through newborn hearing screening due to the current limitations of the test equipment or testing methodology used. (asha.org)
  • Individualized auditory training to maximize hearing- aid and cochlear implant benefit could be included in designs of RCTs. (nih.gov)
  • Admission to a neonatal intensive care unit is an established risk factor for hearing loss in infants, particularly for auditory neuropathy [6] . (cps.ca)
  • Such a test enables the identification of hearing problems at various levels in the auditory system . (medindia.net)
  • In the era of modern technology, new choices, including Bone-Anchored Hearing Aid (BAHA) (Cochlear Ltd. and Oticon Medical), Vibrant Soundbridge (VSB) (MED-EL, Innsbruck, Austria), and Bonebridge system (BB) (MED-EL, Innsbruck, Austria), provide high-end alternatives to traditional Bone Conduction Hearing Aid and Auditory Canal Reconstruction. (hindawi.com)
  • Hearing loss is caused by dysfunction of the inner ear, the cochlea, auditory nerve, or brain damage. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • For instance, loud noise exposure is the most prevalent and direct cause of tinnitus and loud noise exposure can induce primary neuropathy of the VIIIth craniofacial nerve (primary auditory neurons) whether the hearing loss recovers or not [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • However, the use of hearing aids and assistive listening devices along with auditory training can help maximize hearing abilities. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • Hearing loss is classified according to which part of the auditory, or hearing system, is affected. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • Pure tone average is calculated as the average of thresholds (softest sound heard) at the 500 Hz, 1000 Hz and 2000 Hz for each ear and this average is used to determine the type and severity of hearing loss in the ear for the particular ear. (medindia.net)
  • The Hearing Measurement Scale, supplemented by a subjective estimation of the perceived handicap, was used as the dependent variable in a study of 62 subjects, heterogeneous as to type and severity of hearing loss and to hearing aid use. (gu.se)
  • The vocal quality of a patient is modeled by means of a Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI), which is designed to establish an objective and quantitative correlate of the perceived vocal quality. (asha.org)
  • There are objective parameters that help characterize the degree of dysphonia such as the Dysphonia Severity Index. (wikipedia.org)
  • A clinical analysis of 27 cases of simultaneous bilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss. (bioportfolio.com)
  • A systematic review and network meta-analysis of existing pharmacologic therapies in patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Hearing Improvement after Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss as a Predictor of Vestibular Schwannoma. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) can be the presenting symptom of vestibular schwannoma (VS). Usually, steroidal treatment is given before magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is performed. (bioportfolio.com)
  • sudden sensorineural hearing loss: - idiopathic in most cases - 5-20/100,000 new cases annually in the U.S - no establishes pathogenesis - treated with oral ste. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The primary objective of the trial is the confirmation of the efficacy of AM-111 in the recovery of severe to profound idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL). (bioportfolio.com)
  • Idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) refers to idiopathic sensorineural hearing loss of at least 30 dB over at least three test frequencies occurring over a 72-hour period. (bioportfolio.com)
  • We recruit patients who have been treated for sudden sensorineural hearing loss i. (bioportfolio.com)
  • AM-111 is tested for the treatment of sudden sensorineural hearing loss where the caus. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Although the precise cause of sudden sensorineural hearing loss but several pathophysiological mechanisms have b. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) involves an acute unexplained hearing loss, nearly always unilateral, that occurs over less than a 72-hour period. (uptodate.com)
  • The exact incidence of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is uncertain. (uptodate.com)
  • Hearing impairments also are classified as prelingual (occurring before a child learns to speak) and post-lingual (occurring after the child has acquired language). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Temporary and permanent hearing impairments are not uncommon among children. (encyclopedia.com)
  • 3 A "hearing difficulty" can refer to the effects of many different hearing impairments of varying degrees. (lawmemo.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) refer to hearing impairments as conditions that affect the frequency and/or intensity of one's hearing. (lawmemo.com)
  • Individuals with mild to moderate hearing impairments may be "hard of hearing," but are not "deaf. (lawmemo.com)
  • Hearing impairments that occur in both ears are described as "bilateral," and those that occur in one ear are referred to as "unilateral. (lawmemo.com)
  • Individuals with hearing impairments can perform successfully on the job and should not be denied opportunities because of stereotypical assumptions about hearing loss. (lawmemo.com)
  • Some employers assume incorrectly that workers with hearing impairments will cause safety hazards, increase employment costs, or have difficulty communicating in fast-paced environments. (lawmemo.com)
  • For example, a person may have two impairments - sight loss and hearing loss. (abs.gov.au)
  • Non-motor impairments increase with motor severity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hearing loss is further categorized based on etiology (sensorineural, conductive or mixed), and may be fixed or progressive. (cps.ca)
  • See 'Evaluation of hearing loss in adults' and 'Etiology of hearing loss in adults' . (uptodate.com)
  • Paediatric specific clinical protocols for fitting hearing aids always recommend accurate characterisation of hearing thresholds in newborns. (nih.gov)
  • Conclusions N-Acetylcysteine has no effect on hearing thresholds, tinnitus, or balance disturbance after stapedotomy. (diva-portal.org)
  • The sooner hearing loss is diagnosed and intervention is initiated, the better the outcomes for speech and language development (Sininger et al. (asha.org)
  • This secondary prevention strategy is based on evidence that early diagnosis and intervention allow for improved outcomes in hearing-impaired children. (cps.ca)
  • The primary outcomes were tinnitus severity (Tinnitus Questionnaire) and psychological distress (Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation - Non-Risk, CORE-NR), 16 weeks after baseline. (nih.gov)
  • secondary outcomes included the severity of tinnitus and vertigo. (diva-portal.org)
  • The overall plan is to investigate the interaction between cardiovascular severity groups (hypertension, ischaemic heart disease and heart failure) and osteoarthritis comorbidity, and their longitudinal impact on health and healthcare outcomes relative to either condition alone. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The outcomes of the study will result in the determination of the specific interaction between cardiovascular severity and osteoarthritis comorbidity on the change and progression of physical health status in individuals and on the linked and associated clinical-decision making process in primary care. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Association of self-reported hearing loss severity and healthcare utilization outcomes among Medicare beneficiaries. (stanford.edu)
  • This study evaluates the association between hearing status and health utilization outcomes in a representative sample of elderly Medicare beneficiaries.MATERIALS AND METHODS: We employed the 2017 Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS), which includes self-reported hearing loss data and weighted health utilization information. (stanford.edu)
  • Multivariable logistic regression was performed to assess association between self-reported hearing loss and health utilization outcomes.RESULTS: Of 7160 respondents, 55.1%, 39.9% and 4.9% reported no trouble hearing, little trouble hearing, and a lot of trouble hearing, respectively. (stanford.edu)
  • The following search terms were used: neonatal screening AND hearing loss AND hearing disorders. (cps.ca)
  • Hearing aids can be purchased from an otolaryngologist (a physician who specializes in disorders of the ear, nose, throat, and related structures of the head and neck), an audiologist (a specialist who can evaluate and manage hearing and balance problems), or an independent company. (childrensnational.org)
  • As an example patients with tinnitus and comorbid TMJ disorders were younger, more frequently female and suffered from less hearing loss ( 4 ), indicating that this group represents a clinically relevant tinnitus subtype. (frontiersin.org)
  • Check out our interactive infographic to see progress toward the Hearing and Other Sensory or Communication Disorders objectives and other Healthy People topic areas. (healthypeople.gov)
  • The Healthy People 2020 objectives are designed to ensure that all Americans, from birth through old age, will benefit from scientific advances in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of hearing and other sensory or communication disorders. (healthypeople.gov)
  • Many factors influence the numbers of Americans who are diagnosed and treated for hearing and other sensory or communication disorders. (healthypeople.gov)
  • Unhealthy lifestyle choices, such as tobacco use or long-term exposure to loud noise without hearing protection, increase the prevalence and severity of hearing loss and other sensory and communication disorders. (healthypeople.gov)
  • The ear specialist also will work in close cooperation with audiologists, specialists in hearing disorders. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • Ménière disease is an inner ear disorder that affects balance and hearing. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Hearing loss has been associated with Osteogenesis leading to ultimately deformities within the ossicle and inner ear bones. (wikipedia.org)
  • The inner ear is home to some of the most delicate bones in the body, and damage to the eardrum or middle ear can cause hearing loss and deafness in a range of ways. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This primary neurodegeneration should add to difficulties hearing in noisy environments, and could contribute to tinnitus, hyperacusis, and other perceptual anomalies commonly associated with inner ear damage. (jneurosci.org)
  • Hearing aids can help improve hearing and speech, especially in children with sensorineural hearing loss (hearing loss in the inner ear due to damaged hair cells or a damaged hearing nerve). (childrensnational.org)
  • For example, children as young as 12 months old with severe hearing loss are now receiving cochlear (inner ear) implants. (healthypeople.gov)
  • This type of hearing loss is due to damaged hair cells (sensory receptor cells) in the inner ear, or a damaged hearing nerve. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Although the hearing aid can amplify sounds to achieve a "comfort level" of loudness for listening, the hearing aid can not correct for distortion of sounds caused by damage to the delicate hair cells in the inner ear or to the nerve endings which are stimulated by the hair cells. (childrenshospital.org)
  • This fluid build-up may interfere with the normal balance and hearing signals between the inner ear and the brain. (mydr.com.au)
  • Permanent hearing loss occurs when inner ear nerves become damaged and do not properly transmit their signals to the brain. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • The goal of the Hearing Restoration Project is to find a biologic cure for hearing loss within the next ten years through innovative research surrounding inner ear hair cell regeneration. (globenewswire.com)
  • The purpose of the study is to determine whether AM-111 is effective in the treatment of acute inner ear hearing loss (acute sensorineural hearing loss, ASNHL). (bioportfolio.com)
  • [2] For many hearing aids , sign language , cochlear implants and subtitles are useful. (wikipedia.org)
  • [2] Access to hearing aids, however, is limited in many areas of the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hearing aids are the third most commonly used assistive device (after canes and glasses) but satisfaction is generally low. (nih.gov)
  • combining hearing aids and cochlear implants. (nih.gov)
  • While traveling, you'll want your Rexton hearing aids handy so you can enjoy a high-quality listening experience no matter where you are. (rexton.com)
  • In order to keep your Rexton hearing aids working properly, you will need to develop a regular maintenance routine. (rexton.com)
  • Hearing aids are the most frequent intervention for deafness. (nih.gov)
  • It should be noted that other studies did not see an improvement in measures of dementia when patients were given hearing aids. (dementia.org)
  • Self‐reported hearing loss, hearing aids, and cognitive decline in elderly adults: A 25‐year study. (dementia.org)
  • What are hearing aids? (childrensnational.org)
  • Hearing aids are electronic or battery-operated devices that can amplify and change sound. (childrensnational.org)
  • Children as young as 2 months can be fitted with hearing aids. (childrensnational.org)
  • What are the different types of hearing aids? (childrensnational.org)
  • There are many different types of hearing aids on the market, with companies continuously inventing newer, improved hearing aids. (childrensnational.org)
  • However, there are four basic types of hearing aids available today. (childrensnational.org)
  • These hearing aids come in plastic cases that fit in the outer ear. (childrensnational.org)
  • Generally used for mild to severe hearing loss, ITE hearing aids can accommodate other technical hearing devices, such as the telecoil, a mechanism used to improve sound during telephone calls. (childrensnational.org)
  • In addition, ITE hearing aids can be damaged by ear wax and drainage. (childrensnational.org)
  • Behind-the-ear hearing aids, as the name implies, are worn behind the ear. (childrensnational.org)
  • These hearing aids are generally used for mild to severe hearing loss. (childrensnational.org)
  • However, poorly fitted BTE hearing aids can cause feedback, an annoying whistling sound, in the ear. (childrensnational.org)
  • Customized to fit the size and shape of the individual's ear canal, canal aids are generally used for mild to moderate hearing loss. (childrensnational.org)
  • Generally reserved for profound hearing loss or if the other types of hearing aids will not accommodate, body aids are attached to a belt or pocket and connected to the ear with a wire. (childrensnational.org)
  • Who may be a candidate for hearing aids? (childrensnational.org)
  • Nearly all children who have a hearing loss that may be improved with hearing aids can benefit from these devices. (childrensnational.org)
  • Once the hearing aids have been fitted for the ears, your child should begin to gradually wear the hearing aid. (childrensnational.org)
  • Because hearing aids do not restore normal hearing, it may take time to get used to the different sounds transmitted by the device. (childrensnational.org)
  • Hearing aids need to be kept dry. (childrensnational.org)
  • Methods for cleaning hearing aids vary depending on the style and shape. (childrensnational.org)
  • Keep the hearing aids away from heat. (childrensnational.org)
  • Based on a patient's evaluation results, the audiologist may recommend hearing aids or make a referral to investigate medical or surgical options for managing his or her hearing loss. (uhhospitals.org)
  • Hearing aids are an effective and appropriate management for mild to moderate-severe hearing loss. (uhhospitals.org)
  • Studies show that only one in five people who would benefit from hearing aids actually use amplification. (uhhospitals.org)
  • Hearing aids come in a variety of styles, each with its own advantages and limitations. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Hearing aids come in a variety of styles. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Several different styles of hearing aids are described below. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Behind-the-ear (BTE) hearing aids are housed in a curved case that is coupled to either custom ear mold that is made to the exact shape of your ear or a thin tube fit with a small plastic dome. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • In-the-ear (ITE) hearing aids are custom designed and fit directly into your ear. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • In-the-canal (ITC) hearing aids fit more deeply into the ear canal than ITE hearing aids. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • They are typically less visible than in-the-ear hearing aids. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Completely-in-the-canal (CIC) hearing aids fit deeper into the ear canal so they are even less visible. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Fitting CIC hearing aids generally involves additional appointments and remolding the casing to get the right fit. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Some people may not be candidates for CIC hearing aids because of the shape of their ear canal or the severity of their hearing loss. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • commonly cited barriers to purchasing or using hearing aids include high cost and perceived stigma of wearing an aid. (healthypeople.gov)
  • Hearing aids can help improve hearing and speech, especially for children with a type of hearing loss called nerve deafness (sensorineural hearing loss). (ahealthyme.com)
  • Companies are always inventing newer, improved hearing aids. (ahealthyme.com)
  • ITE hearing aids come in plastic cases that fit in the outer ear. (ahealthyme.com)
  • But all types of hearing aids may cause feedback if poorly fitted. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Or they are used if the other types of hearing aids don't help. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Hearing aids don't restore normal hearing. (ahealthyme.com)
  • Although hearing aids don't provide perfect correction for hearing loss, hearing aids combined with proper training in language and listening are enormously important for communication skills for your child. (childrenshospital.org)
  • In fact, the consistent use of properly functioning hearing aids, fitted as early as possible in infancy, is the single most important factor in the development of spoken language in a hearing-impaired child. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Behind-the-ear hearing aids are worn behind the ear. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Is my child a candidate for hearing aids? (childrenshospital.org)
  • May my child test the hearing aids for a certain period of time? (childrenshospital.org)
  • How much do hearing aids cost? (childrenshospital.org)
  • Do the hearing aids have a warranty, and does it cover maintenance and repairs? (childrenshospital.org)
  • Can any other assistive technological devices be used with the hearing aids? (childrenshospital.org)
  • Hearing aids typically need to be replaced after about five years. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Several options are available for hearing loss, ranging from medical treatment to listening devices, such as hearing aids. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • For age-related hearing loss, there is no cure, but hearing aids and other listening devices help treat the problem and improve quality of life. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • This consultation appointment will help determine which hearing aids or other assistive listening devices would be most appropriate. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • Lifestyle, listening needs and hearing concerns are important in determining the appropriate hearing aids. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • In some cases, hearing or alerting assistive devices may be recommended in addition to, or instead of, hearing aids. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • This reduces the effects of distance, noise and reverberation and transmits sound directly to the ears or hearing aids. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • A common complaint of hearing aid users is the inability to use cell phones, particularly digital cell phones, with their hearing aids, or that they experience interference when trying to do so. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • Digital hearing aids are being continually updated to provide shielding from this interference. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • In fact, in 2003, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) developed a report requiring a number of future actions by manufacturers and service providers to make digital wireless phones that are capable of being used effectively with hearing aids. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • In the meantime, there are many strategies that will improve listening when using cell and land based telephones with hearing aids. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • For more information, please see Strategies for Using Your Cell Phone with Your Hearing Aids. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • Unfortunately, hearing aids will not correct hearing loss or restore hearing to normal levels. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • Analyses were limited to Medicare beneficiaries aged 65 and older without hearing aids. (stanford.edu)
  • The common treatment for hyperacusis is listening to broadband sound though sound generators (special hearing aids) which must be ordered through a specially trained doctor or audiologist who administers Hyperacusis (Tinnitus) Retraining Therapy. (dailystrength.org)
  • The eardrum aids in hearing and in preventing bacteria and other foreign matter from entering the middle ear. (epnet.com)
  • Do you know the best way to understand hearing aids? (sfweekly.com)
  • Lifestyle choices have a dominating effect on your hearing aids. (sfweekly.com)
  • Today, hearing aids are improving with ever-evolving tech. (sfweekly.com)
  • If you want to try the best aids available, check out our Best Hearing Aid Reviews . (sfweekly.com)
  • Hearing aids are not designed to cure your hearing issues. (sfweekly.com)
  • You must give yourself time to get used to the hearing aids. (sfweekly.com)
  • Try to use the hearing aids in different environments. (sfweekly.com)
  • So, you must have clear communication with the audiologist to find the right hearing aids according to your budget. (sfweekly.com)
  • You can start wearing a hat or change your hairstyle to accommodate the hearing aids. (sfweekly.com)
  • Remember, wearing hearing aids is nothing to be embarrassed by. (sfweekly.com)
  • Note: The scope of this content is limited to the diagnosis and management of permanent hearing loss for children from birth through 5 years of age from an audiological perspective. (asha.org)
  • Some people define profoundly deaf and totally deaf in the same way, while others say that a diagnosis of profound deafness is the end of the hearing spectrum. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • However, even if medical treatment is not necessary for your type of hearing loss, we highly recommend a visit to an audiologist for both a definite diagnosis of the type of hearing loss and treatment advice. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • Therefore, if hearing loss is suspected, it is important that the advice of a doctor specializing in diseases and conditions of the ear, known as an otologist, otolaryngologist, or ear, nose and throat doctor, is sought in order to make a definite medical diagnosis. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • A 40 year-old woman presented with a diagnosis of M ni re disease including a 2 month history of vertigo and a 16 month history of left-sided tinnitus, low-frequency hearing loss, and aural fullness. (chiro.org)
  • Prompt diagnosis and management may improve hearing recovery. (bmj.com)
  • The evaluation of non-acute hearing loss and the differential diagnosis of hearing loss are discussed separately. (uptodate.com)
  • [12] The terms hearing impaired or hard of hearing are usually reserved for people who have relative inability to hear sound in the speech frequencies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Speech perception - Another aspect of hearing involves the perceived clarity of a word rather than the intensity of sound made by the word. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are very rare types of hearing loss which affect speech discrimination alone. (wikipedia.org)
  • American Speech-Language-Hearing Assn. (speechpathology.com)
  • People with sensorineural hearing loss usually hear louder sounds, and also have difficulty in understanding speech. (medindia.net)
  • It is essential to identify those with bilateral hearing loss early as they need early intervention to provide adequate stimulation for speech and language development. (hindawi.com)
  • This occurs when a person cannot understand speech through hearing, even when sound is amplified. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Some children, such as those with recurrent infections and those with lasting hearing loss or speech delay , may need ear tube surgery . (kidshealth.org)
  • University of Illinois speech and hearing science professor Fatima Husain, who led the study, said previous studies showed that tinnitus is associated with increased stress, anxiety, irritability and depression, all of which are affiliated with the brain's emotional processing systems. (science20.com)
  • University of Illinois speech and hearing science professor Fatima Husain and colleagues found that tinnitus is associated with emotional processing in a different part of the brain than in those without the condition. (science20.com)
  • For many mild or moderate hearing losses, a hearing aid can make almost normal clarity of speech possible in a quiet room. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Therefore, the listener uses lip-reading or sometimes sign language to add to the understanding of speech through a hearing aid. (childrenshospital.org)
  • Although a cochlear implant does not restore normal hearing, it can allow a person to hear and understand more speech than was possible with a hearing aid. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • According to the CDC, "deaf" individuals do not hear well enough to rely on their hearing to process speech and language. (lawmemo.com)
  • NEW YORK, May 1, 2013 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- In honor of Better Hearing and Speech Month this May, Hearing Health Foundation (HHF), a non-profit dedicated to finding a cure for hearing loss through innovative research, has launched a campaign to encourage individuals to pledge online to get their hearing, or a loved one's hearing, tested. (globenewswire.com)
  • Also joining Hearing Health Foundation as partners in this initiative are the four major professional hearing associations: Academy of Doctors of Audiology (ADA), American Academy of Audiology (AAA), American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS) and American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). (globenewswire.com)
  • University of Illinois speech and hearing science professor Fatima Husain and her colleagues found that tinnitus, a condition in which a person hears a ringing sound despite the lack of an actual sound, is associated with emotional processing in a different part of the brain than in those without the condition. (hearingreview.com)
  • If you don't own the necessary ALDs, look for places to borrow them -- a friend, your local SHHH affiliate, the library, the state Technical Assistance Center, a university speech and hearing center, or an assistive devices demonstration center. (bio.net)
  • Treatment was effective regardless of initial tinnitus severity, duration, or hearing loss. (nih.gov)
  • The severity and duration of the injury can vary widely. (newsday.com)
  • A 40 year-old white female presented with a 2 month history of vertigo, along with left-sided hearing loss and tinnitus of 16 months' duration. (chiro.org)
  • Key segments covered include Cochlear Implants and Bone Anchored Hearing Implants. (prnewswire.com)
  • We have found that 83% of our tinnitus patients had a high frequency hearing loss corresponding to a noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). (mdpi.com)
  • n the patient's audiogram, note the suprathreshold bone conduction and the low-frequency conductive hearing loss. (lww.com)
  • It is not uncommon for teenagers to become permanently hearing impaired in the high-frequency range above 4,000 hertz. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Low frequency hearing is lost first. (medlineplus.gov)
  • The hearing test is performed using sounds of single frequency, tested at various intensity levels and determining the lowest loudness level that the person is able to hear in each frequency. (medindia.net)
  • The frequency and severity of middle-ear infections is significantly reduced. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Surgical treatment results in large improvement of hearing at low sound frequencies, but high-frequency hearing often suffers. (diva-portal.org)
  • In classic Meniere\'s disease there is always a hearing loss in the affected ear which initially begins as a low frequency or combined low and high frequency sensory loss with normal hearing in the mid frequencies. (dailystrength.org)
  • This phenomenon occurs because at some decibel level, the normal hair cells adjacent to the damaged hair cells (corresponding to the frequency of a hearing loss) are 'recruited. (dailystrength.org)
  • In other words, at one point the person cannot hear the sound because they have hearing loss (in that frequency), then when the sound reaches a certain loudness and/or frequency the person is blown away. (dailystrength.org)
  • Conclusions The current results suggest that stuttering severity, as measured in this study, does not effectively predict acoustic startle responses in groups of adults who stutter. (asha.org)
  • https://jslhr.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?articleid=1774210 The Influence of Stuttering Severity on Acoustic Startle Responses Purpose This study examined the potential impact of stuttering severity, as measured by the Perceptions of Stuttering Inventory (Woolf, 1967) on acoustic startle responses. (asha.org)
  • Purpose This study examined the potential impact of stuttering severity, as measured by the Perceptions of Stuttering Inventory ( Woolf, 1967 ) on acoustic startle responses. (asha.org)
  • https://jshd.pubs.asha.org/article.aspx?articleid=1781743 Acknowledgment and Severity of Stuttering as Factors Influencing Nonstutterers' Perceptions of Stutterers The purpose of this study was to determine (a) if nonstutterers prefer to interact with mild and severe stutterers who acknowledge their stuttering and (b) if nonstutterers' perceptions of mild and severe stutterers' intelligence, personality, and appearance are altered as a function of stutterers' acknowledgment of their stuttering. (asha.org)
  • More recently, human clinical trials have provided some evidence that hearing loss may have a causal role in dementia. (dementia.org)
  • The Acoustic Voice Quality Index (AVQI) is a relatively new clinical method to quantify dysphonia severity. (springermedizin.de)
  • The clinical presentations specifically related to temporal bone trauma include facial nerve paralysis (partial or complete), hearing loss (conductive, sensorineural, or mixed), vertigo , dizziness , otorrhagia, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) otorrhea , tympanic membrane perforation , and hemotympanum and canal laceration. (medscape.com)
  • 11 ] In a review by Saeed, [ 3 ] he states, As yet, no treatment has prospectively modified the clinical course of the condition and thereby prevented the progressive hearing loss. (chiro.org)
  • Clinical Practice Guideline: Sudden Hearing Loss (Update). (bioportfolio.com)
  • When we introduced synthetic RNA into mice that carry the genes responsible for SMA, the disease's severity was significantly lowered," said Chris Lorson, researcher at the Bond Life Sciences Center and professor in the Department of Veterinary Pathobiology and the Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology. (bio-medicine.org)
  • The hearing loss can be monaural (loss in one ear), binaural (loss in both ears), symmetrical (relatively even in both ears) or asymmetrical (loss in one ear significantly worse than the other ear). (medindia.net)
  • Aural atresia, with or without microtia, may significantly affect the hearing and social life of the patients. (hindawi.com)
  • MBCT led to a significantly greater reduction in tinnitus severity than RT, with a mean difference of 6.3 (95% CI 1.3-11.4, p = 0.016). (nih.gov)
  • There was a significant correlation between the mean hearing loss and the tinnitus loudness (p (mdpi.com)
  • Recruitment is the rapid growth of perceived loudness for sounds in the pitch region of a person who has hearing loss. (dailystrength.org)
  • Safety and efficacy will be determined by looking at a number of assessments (physical examinations, blood sampling, hearing assessments, questionnaires, etc.) and in case of any serious medical event during the study. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The purpose of this study was to describe the prevalence of hearing loss (HL), vision loss (VL), and dual sensory loss (DSL) in Canadians 45-85 years of age. (cambridge.org)
  • Yet researchers have found an association between dementia and declines in hearing and other basic sensory functions. (dementia.org)
  • Why Are Hearing and Other Sensory or Communication Processes Important? (healthypeople.gov)
  • Sensory: One may feel the change in vision hearing sensation or smell. (authorstream.com)
  • MBCT is effective in reducing tinnitus severity in chronic tinnitus patients compared to intensive RT. (nih.gov)
  • Tinnitus patients also showed more activity than normal-hearing people in two other brain regions associated with emotion, the parahippocampus and the insula. (science20.com)
  • These devices are appropriate for people with a wide range of hearing losses from mild to a profound hearing loss. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • The ITE hearing aid can be used by people who have mild to moderately severe hearing losses. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • More severe hearing losses can be fit with this style. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • 9 For example, some individuals who develop hearing losses later in life find it difficult both to adjust to a world with limited sound, and to adopt new behaviors that compensate for their hearing loss. (lawmemo.com)
  • [1] The severity may be mild to severe. (wikipedia.org)
  • They can help people suffering from mild to severe hearing while others are designed for mild to medium loss. (sfweekly.com)
  • To analyze a possible association of the degree of hearing loss with the severity of tinnitus, we have performed a retrospective study using admission data on 531 patients suffering from chronic tinnitus. (mdpi.com)
  • Interestingly, patients suffering from decompensated chronic tinnitus had a greater degree of hearing loss than the patients with compensated form of tinnitus. (mdpi.com)
  • Our retrospective study provides indirect evidence supporting the hypothesis that the degree of noise-induced hearing loss influences the severity of tinnitus. (mdpi.com)
  • As of 2013 hearing loss affects about 1.1 billion people to some degree. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hearing loss is defined based on the degree of loss, measured in logarithmic decibels, at frequencies between 125 Hz (low--pitch sounds) and 8000 Hz (high-pitch sounds) ( Table 1 ). (cps.ca)
  • Every patient with aural atresia should have an audiological evaluation to assess the type and the degree of hearing loss. (hindawi.com)
  • There is usually some degree of permanent hearing loss, although in many cases only one ear is affected. (mydr.com.au)
  • The utmost thing to consider when getting a hearing aid is the type as well as the degree of your hearing loss. (sfweekly.com)
  • GlobalData's new report, 'Hearing Implants - Global Pipeline Analysis, Competitive Landscape and Market Forecasts to 2017' provides key data, information and analysis on the global hearing implants market. (prnewswire.com)
  • [2] Hearing loss may occur in one or both ears. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reduced activity at certain sites in the brain (called 'voltage-gated potassium channels') has been linked to hearing problems, like age-related loss of hearing or tinnitus (a 'ringing' or buzzing noise in the ears). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • cleft palate , which impairs drainage of the middle ears through the eustachian tubes (Some 30% of children with cleft palate have conductive hearing loss. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Hearing loss is often only in one ear, but it may affect both ears. (medlineplus.gov)
  • People with persistent ringing in the ears - a condition known as tinnitus - process emotions differently than those with normal hearing, according to a new paper. (science20.com)
  • This group is for those coping with Tinnitus (ringing ears or ear noise), hearing loss, and all ear issues. (dailystrength.org)
  • Tinnitus and hearing loss are generally less responsive to treatment than vertigo. (mydr.com.au)
  • Prosper M ni re [ 1 ] first described M ni re disease (MD) in 1861 as a syndrome characterized by hearing loss, tinnitus, and episodic vertigo. (chiro.org)
  • 7 ] The vertigo attacks vary in severity, last from several minutes to several hours, and are often accompanied by nausea. (chiro.org)
  • [12] In profound deafness, even the highest intensity sounds produced by an audiometer (an instrument used to measure hearing by producing pure tone sounds through a range of frequencies) may not be detected. (wikipedia.org)
  • The testing is done across frequencies of human hearing range. (medindia.net)
  • Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is a major health problem ( DHHS, 2009 ), because opportunities for overexposure abound, and exposures that damage hearing are not necessarily painful or even annoying. (jneurosci.org)
  • Making a Noise Induced Hearing Loss Claim with The Injury Lawyers couldn't be easier, and it doesn't matter if you no longer work where you suffered the damage, and it doesn't matter if your former employer is no longer in business. (theinjurylawyers.co.uk)
  • Many workplaces are noisy and a lot of employers failed to take steps to protect their employees from suffering noise induced hearing loss injuries. (theinjurylawyers.co.uk)
  • You may be eligible for an award for noise induced hearing loss compensation if you have ever worked in a noisy environment without adequate hearing protection. (theinjurylawyers.co.uk)
  • Noise induced hearing loss claims, often referred to as industrial deafness claims, are classed as Industrial Disease cases. (theinjurylawyers.co.uk)
  • This can be a very complex area of law and a lot of general law firms cannot help you properly with making a noise induced hearing loss claim. (theinjurylawyers.co.uk)
  • If you or a member of your family has been affected by noise induced hearing loss, contact us now because time may be running out ! (theinjurylawyers.co.uk)
  • Selecting a style that is right for you depends on a number of factors, including severity of hearing loss, size and shape of your ear, personal preferences, ease of handling and new hearing aid technologies. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Treatment depends of the cause and severity of hearing loss. (ucsfhealth.org)
  • Most cases are idiopathic, and the prognosis depends on the severity of the hearing loss. (uptodate.com)
  • The incidence of hearing loss shortly after mild head trauma in the literature ranges from 7% to 50% (Fitzgerald, 1996). (dizziness-and-balance.com)
  • Determine the incidence and severity of hearing loss in head and neck cancer patients undergoing low-dose, weekly cisplatin chemotherapy with concurrent radiation. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Poorer communication abilities result in decreased QOL, increased isolation and depression for older adults with hearing loss. (nih.gov)
  • Left untreated, hearing loss can have significant consequences for your relationships and in some cases may lead to depression. (rexton.com)
  • Other research demonstrates the link between untreated hearing loss and dementia, depression and Alzheimer's disease. (uhhospitals.org)
  • Hearing loss can lead to depression and social isolation. (globenewswire.com)
  • In this sense, electrophysiological procedures are specially indicated in determined hearing sensibility from the first age of life since it is an objective and reliable procedure. (nih.gov)
  • These results validate the AVQI as a potentially robust and objective dysphonia severity measure across languages. (springermedizin.de)
  • Severe communication handicap with more severe hearing loss. (nih.gov)
  • can lead to severe hearing loss, especially in pediatric patients. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Older individuals displayed a higher prevalence of hearing loss and more severe levels of loss. (nih.gov)
  • There are so many treatments available to help people hear better, and we want to encourage Americans to have their hearing tested and speak with a hearing healthcare provider about what options are available. (globenewswire.com)
  • Permanent childhood hearing loss can be congenital, delayed-onset, progressive, or acquired in nature. (asha.org)
  • Congenital hearing loss refers to hearing loss that is present at birth and is often identified through a newborn hearing screening conducted shortly after birth. (asha.org)
  • This paper aims to provide an overview of the management of hearing rehabilitation in congenital aural atresia patients and a discussion of each treatment option. (hindawi.com)
  • As humans grow older, hair cells lose some of their function, and hearing deteriorates. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Most non-mammals spontaneously regenerate these specialized cells after they are damaged, which allow them to restore their hearing, but humans do not and the Hearing Restoration Project aims to understand why. (globenewswire.com)
  • [2] A common condition that results in hearing loss is chronic ear infections . (wikipedia.org)
  • [2] Certain infections during pregnancy, such as cytomegalovirus , syphilis and rubella , may also cause hearing loss in the child. (wikipedia.org)
  • [2] Testing for poor hearing is recommended for all newborns. (wikipedia.org)
  • 6 Nearly all U.S. states participate in programs to screen newborns for hearing loss. (healthypeople.gov)
  • Patients with unilateral aural atresia usually have normal hearing on the unaffected side, unless an underlying syndrome is associated, for example, Goldenhar syndrome [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Despite intact hearing on the contralateral side, it has been well established that patients with unilateral hearing loss have significant difficulties in academic performance and communication [ 6 , 7 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Not only is the hearing aspect affected, but also children with unilateral hearing loss may have poorer oral expression and oral composition [ 10 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • In the past decade, universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) has been widely adopted throughout North America, Europe and in most other developed regions, primarily as a result of technological advances in screening and intervention modalities. (cps.ca)
  • Identification and appropriate intervention for hearing loss. (nih.gov)
  • Another factor is the age at which a person is diagnosed or receives intervention, such as for infants born with hearing loss. (healthypeople.gov)
  • Overall, known risk factors are present in only 50% of infants born with hearing loss ( Table 2 ) [7] [8] . (cps.ca)
  • Hearing loss or tinnitus generally requires a more major head injury. (dizziness-and-balance.com)
  • Generally, although not always, in cases with post-traumatic dizziness or hearing loss there is signs of head injury -- a skull fracture being the most obvious, but also bruises, swelling, abrasions are seen in head injuries that are associated with hearing loss or tinnitus. (dizziness-and-balance.com)
  • Generally speaking, hearing sympoms get better with time. (dizziness-and-balance.com)
  • Infants and young children with normal hearing sensitivity generally develop listening and communication skills in a predictable developmental sequence and by a certain age. (asha.org)
  • Background Otosclerosis is a disorder that impairs middle ear function, leading to conductive hearing loss. (diva-portal.org)
  • Primary Outcome Measure: Primary outcome measure: Determine whether head and neck cancer patients taking statin drugs for hyperlipidemia are at decreased risk of cisplatin-induced hearing loss. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • It is important for every medical practitioner to be aware of the possible treatment options for hearing rehabilitation in this group of patients. (hindawi.com)
  • This phenomenon also forms a basis for hearing rehabilitation in aural atresia patients. (hindawi.com)
  • In the following paragraphs, the focus will be put on hearing rehabilitation of atresia patients. (hindawi.com)
  • The majority of the patients (80-90%) have moderate severe to severe grade conductive hearing loss on the diseased side [ 4 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • To investigate gut dysbiosis in patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) or dry eye syndrome (DES) compared to normal subjects and to evaluate the association of dysbiosis with dry eye severity. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • More research is needed to identify which, if any, dementia patients may benefit from correcting hearing loss. (dementia.org)
  • Given the low risk related to hearing devices and their relatively low cost, caregivers of dementia patients have little to lose by investing in measures to improve the hearing and communication of dementia patients. (dementia.org)
  • It is also been documented that patients wait an average of seven years before they pursue medical help for their hearing loss. (uhhospitals.org)
  • The audiologists at University Hospitals Ear, Nose & Throat Institute's Audiology & Cochlear Implant Center will work with patients to review their hearing aid options and select the most appropriate level of technology to meet their individual lifestyle and hearing needs. (uhhospitals.org)
  • Furthermore, patients with normal hearing and tinnitus reveal deafferentation of high threshold VIIIth nerve fibers with normal low and mid threshold fibers, indicating that only a subset of neurons may drive tinnitus [ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The tinnitus and normal-hearing groups responded more quickly to emotion-inducing sounds than to neutral sounds, while patients with hearing loss had a similar response time to each category of sound. (science20.com)
  • Activity in the amygdala, a brain region associated with emotional processing, was lower in the tinnitus and hearing-loss patients than in people with normal hearing. (science20.com)
  • Compared to USSHL patients, Si-BSSHL patients have less profound hearing loss and more descending audiograms, and the proportion of patients with extremely severe deafness is relatively small. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Patients with hearing loss experience impaired quality of life, as well as emotional and financial consequences that affect both them. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Patients with tinnitus process emotions differently in the brain from those with normal hearing, researchers report in the June 3 edition of Brain Research . (hearingreview.com)
  • 1 Patients may be frightened by the sudden loss of hearing, and tinnitus can cause anxiety. (bmj.com)
  • The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the nutritional risk factors for tinnitus with normal hearing in the general population by examining data from the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). (sciepub.com)
  • We divided the subjects into two groups: tinnitus group and no tinnitus group, with a normal hearing threshold ( (sciepub.com)
  • The group with tinnitus and normal hearing accounted for 17.8% ( n =2,249) of the total population. (sciepub.com)
  • A regression analysis revealed that a low salt intake was an important risk factor for the development of tinnitus in adults with normal hearing (OR=1.19, p =0.008). (sciepub.com)
  • Knowing the risk factors for tinnitus in adults with normal hearing may help in its prevention. (sciepub.com)
  • Here, we aimed to identify the nutritional risk factors for tinnitus in adults with normal hearing in the general population by examining data from the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). (sciepub.com)
  • Normal hearing in children is defined as the ability to hear sounds in the range of 0 - 25 decibels (dB). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Hearing may be near normal after an attack. (medlineplus.gov)
  • People with conductive hearing loss may hear sounds, but less loud than normal. (medindia.net)
  • 20 normal hearing subject and 17 hearing loss subjects participated in this study. (nih.gov)
  • The hearing-impaired rats with memory problems also generated fewer new cells in the hippocampus, a brain region that's key for normal memory function and impaired in many diseases involving dementia. (dementia.org)
  • CROS/BiCROS hearing aid is sometimes used when a person has normal hearing or aidable hearing loss in one ear, and very little or no usable hearing in the other ear. (clevelandclinic.org)
  • Over all, the tinnitus group's reaction times were slower than the reaction times of those with normal hearing. (science20.com)
  • They won't restore your normal hearing. (sfweekly.com)
  • See the Hearing Loss (Early Childhood) and the Hearing Loss (Newborn) Evidence Maps for summaries of the available research on this topic. (asha.org)
  • The present statement reviews the evidence for universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS). (cps.ca)
  • The key phrase "universal newborn hearing screening" was also searched. (cps.ca)
  • The purpose of the Newborn Hearing Screening Program is to achieve early. (nih.gov)