Lauric Acids: 12-Carbon saturated monocarboxylic acids.Alkane 1-Monooxygenase: A P450 oxidoreductase that catalyzes the hydroxylation of the terminal carbon of linear hydrocarbons such as octane and FATTY ACIDS in the omega position. The enzyme may also play a role in the oxidation of a variety of structurally unrelated compounds such as XENOBIOTICS, and STEROIDS.Hydroxylation: Placing of a hydroxyl group on a compound in a position where one did not exist before. (Stedman, 26th ed)Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System: A superfamily of hundreds of closely related HEMEPROTEINS found throughout the phylogenetic spectrum, from animals, plants, fungi, to bacteria. They include numerous complex monooxygenases (MIXED FUNCTION OXYGENASES). In animals, these P-450 enzymes serve two major functions: (1) biosynthesis of steroids, fatty acids, and bile acids; (2) metabolism of endogenous and a wide variety of exogenous substrates, such as toxins and drugs (BIOTRANSFORMATION). They are classified, according to their sequence similarities rather than functions, into CYP gene families (>40% homology) and subfamilies (>59% homology). For example, enzymes from the CYP1, CYP2, and CYP3 gene families are responsible for most drug metabolism.Fatty Acids: Organic, monobasic acids derived from hydrocarbons by the equivalent of oxidation of a methyl group to an alcohol, aldehyde, and then acid. Fatty acids are saturated and unsaturated (FATTY ACIDS, UNSATURATED). (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Benzoyl Peroxide: A peroxide derivative that has been used topically for BURNS and as a dermatologic agent in the treatment of ACNE and POISON IVY DERMATITIS. It is used also as a bleach in the food industry.Mixed Function Oxygenases: Widely distributed enzymes that carry out oxidation-reduction reactions in which one atom of the oxygen molecule is incorporated into the organic substrate; the other oxygen atom is reduced and combined with hydrogen ions to form water. They are also known as monooxygenases or hydroxylases. These reactions require two substrates as reductants for each of the two oxygen atoms. There are different classes of monooxygenases depending on the type of hydrogen-providing cosubstrate (COENZYMES) required in the mixed-function oxidation.Monoglycerides: GLYCEROL esterified with a single acyl (FATTY ACIDS) chain.Laurates: Salts and esters of the 12-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acid--lauric acid.Acne Vulgaris: A chronic disorder of the pilosebaceous apparatus associated with an increase in sebum secretion. It is characterized by open comedones (blackheads), closed comedones (whiteheads), and pustular nodules. The cause is unknown, but heredity and age are predisposing factors.Clofibrate: A fibric acid derivative used in the treatment of HYPERLIPOPROTEINEMIA TYPE III and severe HYPERTRIGLYCERIDEMIA. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 30th ed, p986)Palmitic Acids: A group of 16-carbon fatty acids that contain no double bonds.Stearic Acids: A group of compounds that are derivatives of octadecanoic acid which is one of the most abundant fatty acids found in animal lipids. (Stedman, 25th ed)Sebaceous Glands: Small, sacculated organs found within the DERMIS. Each gland has a single duct that emerges from a cluster of oval alveoli. Each alveolus consists of a transparent BASEMENT MEMBRANE enclosing epithelial cells. The ducts from most sebaceous glands open into a HAIR FOLLICLE, but some open on the general surface of the SKIN. Sebaceous glands secrete SEBUM.Petunia: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain steroidal glycosides.Myristic Acids: 14-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acids.Octanes: Eight-carbon saturated hydrocarbon group of the methane series. Include isomers and derivatives.Serum: The clear portion of BLOOD that is left after BLOOD COAGULATION to remove BLOOD CELLS and clotting proteins.Decanoic Acids: 10-carbon saturated monocarboxylic acids.Myristic Acid: A saturated 14-carbon fatty acid occurring in most animal and vegetable fats, particularly butterfat and coconut, palm, and nutmeg oils. It is used to synthesize flavor and as an ingredient in soaps and cosmetics. (From Dorland, 28th ed)Fish Proteins: Proteins obtained from species of fish (FISHES).NADPH-Ferrihemoprotein Reductase: A flavoprotein that catalyzes the reduction of heme-thiolate-dependent monooxygenases and is part of the microsomal hydroxylating system. EC 1.6.2.4.Propionibacterium acnes: A bacteria isolated from normal skin, intestinal contents, wounds, blood, pus, and soft tissue abscesses. It is a common contaminant of clinical specimens, presumably from the skin of patients or attendants.Palmitic Acid: A common saturated fatty acid found in fats and waxes including olive oil, palm oil, and body lipids.Microsomes: Artifactual vesicles formed from the endoplasmic reticulum when cells are disrupted. They are isolated by differential centrifugation and are composed of three structural features: rough vesicles, smooth vesicles, and ribosomes. Numerous enzyme activities are associated with the microsomal fraction. (Glick, Glossary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1990; from Rieger et al., Glossary of Genetics: Classical and Molecular, 5th ed)Fatty Acids, Unsaturated: FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.Microsomes, Liver: Closed vesicles of fragmented endoplasmic reticulum created when liver cells or tissue are disrupted by homogenization. They may be smooth or rough.Dermatologic Agents: Drugs used to treat or prevent skin disorders or for the routine care of skin.Steroid Hydroxylases: Cytochrome P-450 monooxygenases (MIXED FUNCTION OXYGENASES) that are important in steroid biosynthesis and metabolism.Oncorhynchus mykiss: A large stout-bodied, sometimes anadromous, TROUT found in still and flowing waters of the Pacific coast from southern California to Alaska. It has a greenish back, a whitish belly, and pink, red, or lavender stripes on the sides, with usually a sprinkling of black dots. It is highly regarded as a sport and food fish. Its former name was Salmo gairdneri. The sea-run rainbow trouts are often called steelheads. Redband trouts refer to interior populations of rainbows.Ear: The hearing and equilibrium system of the body. It consists of three parts: the EXTERNAL EAR, the MIDDLE EAR, and the INNER EAR. Sound waves are transmitted through this organ where vibration is transduced to nerve signals that pass through the ACOUSTIC NERVE to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The inner ear also contains the vestibular organ that maintains equilibrium by transducing signals to the VESTIBULAR NERVE.Oleic Acid: An unsaturated fatty acid that is the most widely distributed and abundant fatty acid in nature. It is used commercially in the preparation of oleates and lotions, and as a pharmaceutical solvent. (Stedman, 26th ed)Glycerides: GLYCEROL esterified with FATTY ACIDS.Cocos: A plant genus of the family ARECACEAE. It is a tropical palm tree that yields a large, edible hard-shelled fruit from which oil and fiber are also obtained.Plant Oils: Oils derived from plants or plant products.Oils: Unctuous combustible substances that are liquid or easily liquefiable on warming, and are soluble in ether but insoluble in water. Such substances, depending on their origin, are classified as animal, mineral, or vegetable oils. Depending on their behavior on heating, they are volatile or fixed. (Dorland, 28th ed)Safflower Oil: An oily liquid extracted from the seeds of the safflower, Carthamus tinctorius. It is used as a dietary supplement in the management of HYPERCHOLESTEROLEMIA. It is used also in cooking, as a salad oil, and as a vehicle for medicines, paints, varnishes, etc. (Dorland, 28th ed & Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Chronic Disease: Diseases which have one or more of the following characteristics: they are permanent, leave residual disability, are caused by nonreversible pathological alteration, require special training of the patient for rehabilitation, or may be expected to require a long period of supervision, observation, or care. (Dictionary of Health Services Management, 2d ed)Libraries, Digital: Libraries in which a major proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format, rather than on paper or MICROFORM.Textbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.Cholesterol: The principal sterol of all higher animals, distributed in body tissues, especially the brain and spinal cord, and in animal fats and oils.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Dietary Fats: Fats present in food, especially in animal products such as meat, meat products, butter, ghee. They are present in lower amounts in nuts, seeds, and avocados.Great BritainFatty Acids, Essential: Long chain organic acid molecules that must be obtained from the diet. Examples are LINOLEIC ACIDS and LINOLENIC ACIDS.alpha-Linolenic Acid: A fatty acid that is found in plants and involved in the formation of prostaglandins.Linoleic Acid: A doubly unsaturated fatty acid, occurring widely in plant glycosides. It is an essential fatty acid in mammalian nutrition and is used in the biosynthesis of prostaglandins and cell membranes. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Linoleic Acids: Eighteen-carbon essential fatty acids that contain two double bonds.Fatty Acids, Omega-3: A group of fatty acids, often of marine origin, which have the first unsaturated bond in the third position from the omega carbon. These fatty acids are believed to reduce serum triglycerides, prevent insulin resistance, improve lipid profile, prolong bleeding times, reduce platelet counts, and decrease platelet adhesiveness.Foods, Specialized: Foods and beverages prepared for use to meet specific needs such as infant foods.Fructose: A monosaccharide in sweet fruits and honey that is soluble in water, alcohol, or ether. It is used as a preservative and an intravenous infusion in parenteral feeding.Zinc: A metallic element of atomic number 30 and atomic weight 65.38. It is a necessary trace element in the diet, forming an essential part of many enzymes, and playing an important role in protein synthesis and in cell division. Zinc deficiency is associated with ANEMIA, short stature, HYPOGONADISM, impaired WOUND HEALING, and geophagia. It is known by the symbol Zn.Air Pollutants, Occupational: Air pollutants found in the work area. They are usually produced by the specific nature of the occupation.Breakfast: The first meal of the day.Fruit: The fleshy or dry ripened ovary of a plant, enclosing the seed or seeds.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
  • These findings show that the endothelial vasodilatory function is associated with fatty acid profile in serum in the fasting state and during acute fatty acid elevation, as well as with apolipoprotein B and HDL cholesterol. (diva-portal.org)
  • Assuming that the MCTs are not harmful-a false assumption-even though this is what all the pro-coconut groups claim-, if you examine the fatty acid profile of the coconut oil, you will find that about 70% of it is from a MCTs with small contributions from mono and polyunsaturates. (nutrientrich.com)
  • An ultra-gentle cleanser and moisturiser in one, Raw Coconut Cream is rich in Lauric Acid - an anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and anti-microbial agent (also found in human breastmilk) - that soothes irritation, calms inflammation and helps to wage war on blemish causing bacteria, without upsetting skin's delicate balance. (cultbeauty.co.uk)
  • I don't know about you but in the fight against disease and illness, I'd rather eat my favorite foods cooked in coconut oil rich in lauric-acid than stuff down a handful of expensive antibiotics and suffer with their side effects. (coconut-oil-central.com)
  • Bovine milk contains the nutrients needed for growth and development of the calf, and is a resource of lipids, proteins, amino acids, vitamins and minerals. (springer.com)
  • Wild-Firming Complex™ with Grace Soybean: Helps strengthen skin and is rich in amino acids. (sephora.com)
  • Wild-Firming Complex™ with Grace Soybean: Enriched with amino acids and antioxidants from the germination process. (sephora.com)
  • 31 , 32 , 33 This means wild caught salmon, organic chicken and other muscle-building sources of essential amino acids. (thepaleodiet.com)
  • That basically means that comparable to how carbs are damaged down into blood sugar via digestive function, and proteins to amino acids, excess fat are damaged down to fatty acids via digestive function as well. (batsandwind.org)
  • The amino acids from apple gently work to eliminate dirt, oil and other impurities from the skin's surface and also balance the natural moisture of the skin. (spacenk.com)
  • For now we'll focus on coconut oil's major component, lauric acid, and a recent animal study with dramatic results discovered for reducing hypertension (high blood pressure) and oxidative stress. (coconutoil.com)
  • With that in mind, the research team set out to prove that heart health is promoted by coconut oil's lauric acid by inducing vasorelaxation and reducing oxidative stress in 35 spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) compared to six normotensive (normal blood pressure) Wistar Kyoto rats (WKR). (coconutoil.com)
  • Virgin Virgin olive oil The science around coconut oil's coconut oil supposedly beneficial lauric acid remains cloudy, but olive oil's heart-healthy status is well established. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Andalou Fruit Stem Cell Revitalize Serum renews skin at the cellular level, blending nature and knowledge for visible Age Defying results. (hollandandbarrett.com)
  • Hydrating honey and hyaluronic acid also help plump it up for better absorption of any other soothing products that follow. (yahoo.com)
  • Even normal skin benefits from this product, but super-dry skin can get extra comfort from its blend of moisturizing ceramides and hyaluronic acid. (yahoo.com)
  • This coconut oil benefit is due to the oil's lauric acid content, which has a high affinity for hair proteins, but a low molecular weight, allowing the oil to penetrate inside the hair shaft, according to researchers. (draxe.com)
  • With goji berry and vitamin c, the Brightening Luminous Eye Serum from Andalou Naturals is rich in antioxidants. (evitamins.com)
  • Our combined results suggest that the naturally occurring MCFA lauric acid is a novel C. difficile inhibitor and is useful in the development of an alternative or adjunctive treatment for CDI. (frontiersin.org)
  • Excessive amounts of acid in the duodenum or increased duodenal acidity as seen in Zollinger-Ellison syndrome can impair the action of pancreatic lipase and also contribute to fat malabsorption. (healthhype.com)
  • In comparison with the O35E parental strain and the single mutants O35ElpxX and O35ElpxL, the double mutant O35ElpxXL displayed prominently decreased endotoxin content, reduced resistance to normal human serum and accelerated bacterial clearance at 0, 3 and 6 h after an aerosol challenge in a mouse model of bacterial pulmonary clearance. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • In a complaint filed September 7 in the Western District of Wisconsin, Brandeis University joins its exclusive licensee (GFA Brands) in suing a number of cookie companies, including Keebler, Famous Amos, Nestlé's and Pillsbury for infringing its patents directed towards methods of "Increasing the HDL Level in the HDL/LDL Ratio in Human Serum by Balancing Saturated and Polyunsaturated Dietary Fatty Acids. (blogspot.com)
  • 14) reported on the distribution of [omega]-oxidation of fatty acids: The [omega]-hydroxylation of decanoic and lauric acid is carried out by liver, kidney and lung microsomal preparations of rat, rabbit, mouse, beef, pigeon, bullfrog, and carp (Table 1). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • PPAR activation leads to increased hepatic oxidation of fatty acids and less synthesis of triglycerides for very low-density lipoprotein assembly. (xiahepublishing.com)
  • This comprehensive natural line encompasses anti-aging moisturizers and serums, bath and body gels, shampoos and conditioners, oral care, skin care, and essential oils, all of which are formulated with the finest functional ingredients from around the world. (iherb.com)
  • The major clinical manifestations associated with fatty acid oxidation (FAO) disorders include hypoketotic hypoglycemia, liver disease and failure, skeletal myopathy, dilated/hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, and sudden unexpected death in early life. (testcatalog.org)