A genus of cuttlefish in the family Sepiidae. They live in tropical, subtropical and temperate waters in most oceans.
A phylum of the kingdom Metazoa. Mollusca have soft, unsegmented bodies with an anterior head, a dorsal visceral mass, and a ventral foot. Most are encased in a protective calcareous shell. It includes the classes GASTROPODA; BIVALVIA; CEPHALOPODA; Aplacophora; Scaphopoda; Polyplacophora; and Monoplacophora.
The large pigment cells of fish, amphibia, reptiles and many invertebrates which actively disperse and aggregate their pigment granules. These cells include MELANOPHORES, erythrophores, xanthophores, leucophores and iridiophores. (In algae, chromatophores refer to CHLOROPLASTS. In phototrophic bacteria chromatophores refer to membranous organelles (BACTERIAL CHROMATOPHORES).)
A superorder of CEPHALOPODS comprised of squid, cuttlefish, and their relatives. Their distinguishing feature is the modification of their fourth pair of arms into tentacles, resulting in 10 limbs.
The branch of biology dealing with the effect of light on organisms.
A superorder in the class CEPHALOPODA, consisting of the orders Octopoda (octopus) with over 200 species and Vampyromorpha with a single species. The latter is a phylogenetic relic but holds the key to the origins of Octopoda.
Insoluble polymers of TYROSINE derivatives found in and causing darkness in skin (SKIN PIGMENTATION), hair, and feathers providing protection against SUNBURN induced by SUNLIGHT. CAROTENES contribute yellow and red coloration.

Color blindness and contrast perception in cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) determined by a visual sensorimotor assay. (1/40)

We tested color perception based upon a robust behavioral response in which cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) respond to visual stimuli (a black and white checkerboard) with a quantifiable, neurally controlled motor response (a body pattern). In the first experiment, we created 16 checkerboard substrates in which 16 grey shades (from white to black) were paired with one green shade (matched to the maximum absorption wavelength of S. officinalis' sole visual pigment, 492 nm), assuming that one of the grey shades would give a similar achromatic signal to the tested green. In the second experiment, we created a checkerboard using one blue and one yellow shade whose intensities were matched to the cuttlefish's visual system. In both assays it was tested whether cuttlefish would show disruptive coloration on these checkerboards, indicating their ability to distinguish checkers based solely on wavelength (i.e., color). Here, we show clearly that cuttlefish must be color blind, as they showed non-disruptive coloration on the checkerboards whose color intensities were matched to the Sepia visual system, suggesting that the substrates appeared to their eyes as uniform backgrounds. Furthermore, we show that cuttlefish are able to perceive objects in their background that differ in contrast by approximately 15%. This study adds support to previous reports that S. officinalis is color blind, yet the question of how cuttlefish achieve "color-blind camouflage" in chromatically rich environments still remains.  (+info)

Critical temperatures in the cephalopod Sepia officinalis investigated using in vivo 31P NMR spectroscopy. (2/40)

The present study was designed to test the hypothesis of an oxygen limitation defining thermal tolerance in the European cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis). Mantle muscle organ metabolic status and pHi were monitored using in vivo 31P NMR spectroscopy, while mantle muscle performance was determined by recording mantle cavity pressure oscillations during ventilation and spontaneous exercise. Under control conditions (15 degrees C), changes in muscle phospho-L-arginine (PLA) and inorganic phosphate (Pi) levels could be linearly related to frequently occurring, high-pressure mantle contractions with pressure amplitudes (MMPA) of >0.2 kPa. Accordingly, mainly MMPA of >2 kPa affected muscle PLA reserves, indicating that contractions with MMPA of <2 kPa only involve the thin layers of aerobic circular mantle musculature. On average, no more than 20% of muscle PLA was depleted during spontaneous exercise under control conditions. Subjecting animals to acute thermal change at an average rate of 1 deg. h-1 led to significant Pi accumulation (equivalent to PLA breakdown) and decrements in the free energy of ATP hydrolysis (dG/dzeta) at both ends of the temperature window, starting at mean critical temperatures (Tc) of 7.0 and 26.8 degrees C, respectively. Frequent groups of high-pressure mantle contractions could not (in the warm) or only partially (in the cold) be related to net PLA breakdown in mantle muscle, indicating an oxygen limitation of routine metabolism rather than exercise-related phosphagen use. We hypothesize that it is mainly the constantly working radial mantle muscles that become progressively devoid of oxygen. Estimates of very low dG/dzeta values (-44 kJ mol-1) in this compartment, along with correlated stagnating ventilation pressures in the warm, support this hypothesis. In conclusion, we found evidence for an oxygen limitation of thermal tolerance in the cuttlefish Sepia officinalis, as indicated by a progressive transition of routine mantle metabolism to an anaerobic mode of energy production.  (+info)

Symmetrical crypsis and asymmetrical signalling in the cuttlefish Sepia officinalis. (3/40)

The salience of bilateral symmetry to humans has led to the suggestion that camouflage may be enhanced in asymmetrical patterns. However, the importance of bilateral symmetry in visual signals (and overall morphology) may constrain the evolution of asymmetrical camouflage, resulting in the bilaterally symmetrical cryptic patterns that we see throughout the animal kingdom. This study investigates the cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis), which can control the degree of symmetry in its coloration. Ten juvenile S. officinalis were filmed in two behavioural contexts (cryptic and threatened) to test the prediction that cryptic patterns will be expressed more asymmetrically than an anti-predator signal known as the 'deimatic display'. Cryptic body patterns, particularly those with a disruptive function, were found to exhibit a high degree of bilateral symmetry. By contrast, the components of the deimatic display were often expressed asymmetrically. These results are contrary to the predicted use of symmetry in defensive coloration, indicating that the role of symmetry in both crypsis and visual signalling is not as straightforward as previously suggested.  (+info)

Signaling to the enemy? Body pattern expression and its response to external cues during hunting in the cuttlefish Sepia officinalis (Cephalopoda). (4/40)

Cuttlefish can rapidly alter their appearance by using neurally controlled chromatophore organs. This ability may provide a window into their cognitive capacity. We test whether the changes in body pattern that occur during hunting depend on context. If they do, then it may be possible to use these changes to study cephalopod cognition while the animal is engaged in ecologically relevant tasks. We found consistent individual differences in the tendency of cuttlefish to hunt with the first two arms raised. We also found that cuttlefish usually darken their skin after they seize a prey item. This darkening is observed regardless of the identity of the prey (fish, crab, or shrimp), prey context (buried in sand, in a bare tank, or on top of a rock pile), or the presence of a sudden stimulus. The sudden stimulus was created by presenting an overhead model bird to the cuttlefish. The model induced components of the Deimatic Display, which is a form of antipredator behavior, suggesting that the model was perceived as a potential threat. Passing Cloud displays and the Darkening of the arms were significantly reduced after exposure to the model bird. The effect of a potential predator on body pattern expression during hunting suggests it may be possible to use these changes as a sensitive indicator of ecologically relevant learning.  (+info)

The surface oxidation potential of human neuromelanin reveals a spherical architecture with a pheomelanin core and a eumelanin surface. (5/40)

Neuromelanin (NM) isolated from the substantia nigra region of the human brain was studied by scanning probe and photoelectron emission microscopies. Atomic force microscopy reveals that NM granules are comprised of spherical structures with a diameter of approximately 30 nm, similar to that observed for Sepia cuttlefish, bovine eye, and human eye and hair melanosomes. Photoelectron microscopy images were collected at specific wavelengths of UV light between 248 and 413 nm, using the spontaneous-emission output from the Duke OK-4 free electron laser. Analysis of the data establishes a threshold photoionization potential for NM of 4.5 +/- 0.2 eV, which corresponds to an oxidation potential of -0.1 +/- 0.2 V vs. the normal hydrogen electrode (NHE). The oxidation potential of NM is within experimental error of the oxidation potential measured for human eumelanosomes (-0.2 +/- 0.2 V vs. NHE), despite the presence of a significant fraction of the red pigment, pheomelanin, which is characterized by a higher oxidation potential (+0.5 +/- 0.2 V vs. NHE). Published kinetic studies on the early chemical steps of melanogenesis show that in the case of pigments containing a mixture of pheomelanin and eumelanin, of which NM is an example, pheomelanin formation occurs first with eumelanin formation predominantly occurring only after cysteine levels are depleted. Such a kinetic model would predict a structural motif with pheomelanin at the core and eumelanin at the surface, which is consistent with the measured surface oxidation potential of the approximately 30-nm constituents of NM granules.  (+info)

Photoprotection of human retinal pigment epithelium cells against blue light-induced apoptosis by melanin free radicals from Sepia officinalis. (6/40)

Cultured retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells can phagocytize large foreign particles. Heterogeneous melanin aggregates from Sepia officinalis, a species of cuttlefish, were fed to cultured human RPE cells to produce cells laden with Sepia melanin. Blue light-induced apoptosis (BLIA) assays were performed by flow cytometry on parallel cultures consisting of RPE cells isolated from independent eyes and evenly divided into two cultures, one fed Sepia melanin and one containing only native melanin. After culturing and growth of the cells under blue light illumination for 7 days, the apoptosis percentage of all cultures indicated that Sepia feeding significantly reduced BLIA. To account for Sepia photoprotection, continuous-wave EPR and time-resolved EPR experiments were performed with parallel RPE cultures by using UV (355 nm) and green (532 nm) laser irradiation. Continuous-wave EPR spectra prove that the concentrations of intrinsic and extrinsic melanin free radicals in the Sepia-RPE culture are large compared with those concentrations in the RPE culture. Time-resolved EPR spectra indicate that both UV and green light produced extrinsic melanin radicals as radical pairs from the triplet manifold with a linear dependence on the number of photons per second. These experiments conclusively demonstrate that decreased RPE susceptibility to BLIA correlates with increased intracellular melanin free radical concentrations and that nonnative melanin can supplement native melanin photoprotection of RPE cells.  (+info)

Cuttlefish responses to visual orientation of substrates, water flow and a model of motion camouflage. (7/40)

Low-level mechanisms in vertebrate vision are sensitive to line orientation. Here we investigate orientation sensitivity in the cuttlefish Sepia pharaonis, by allowing animals to settle on stripe patterns. When camouflaging themselves cuttlefish are known to be sensitive to image parameters such as contrast and spatial scale, but we find no effect of background orientation on the patterns displayed. It is nonetheless clear that the animals see orientation, because they prefer to rest with the body-axis perpendicular to the stripes. We consider three possible mechanisms to account for this behaviour. Firstly, that the body patterns are themselves oriented, and that the cuttlefish align themselves to aid static camouflage. This is unlikely, as the patterns displayed have no dominant orientation at any spatial scale. A second possibility is that motion camouflage favours alignment of the body orthogonal to background stripes, and we suggest how this alignment can minimise motion signals produced by occlusion. Thirdly we show that cuttlefish prefer to rest with their body-axis parallel to the water flow, and it is possible that they use visual patterns such as sand ripples to determine water flow.  (+info)

Visual ecology: hiding in the dark. (8/40)

The ability of many animals to camouflage themselves against a background is a well-known daytime phenomenon. Now it has even been found to occur at night, highlighting the reality of nocturnal visual predation.  (+info)

"Sepia" is not a term used in medical definitions. It is a color, often associated with the brownish-gray ink produced by cuttlefish, and it has been used historically in photography and dyes. In the context of human health or medicine, "sepia" does not have a specific meaning or definition.

Mollusca is not a medical term per se, but a major group of invertebrate animals that includes snails, clams, octopuses, and squids. However, medically, some mollusks can be relevant as they can act as vectors for various diseases, such as schistosomiasis (transmitted by freshwater snails) and fascioliasis (transmitted by aquatic snails). Therefore, a medical definition might describe Mollusca as a phylum of mostly marine invertebrates that can sometimes play a role in the transmission of certain infectious diseases.

Chromatophores are pigment-containing cells found in various organisms, including animals and plants. In animals, chromatophores are primarily found in the skin, eyes, and hair or feathers, and they play a crucial role in color changes exhibited by many species. These cells contain pigments that can be concentrated or dispersed to change the color of the cell, allowing the animal to camouflage itself, communicate with other individuals, or regulate its body temperature.

There are several types of chromatophores, including:

1. Melanophores: These cells contain the pigment melanin and are responsible for producing dark colors such as black, brown, and gray. They are found in many animals, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fish.
2. Xanthophores: These cells contain yellow or orange pigments called pteridines and carotenoids. They are found in many animals, including fish, amphibians, and reptiles.
3. Iridophores: These cells do not contain pigments but instead reflect light to produce iridescent colors. They are found in many animals, including fish, reptiles, and amphibians.
4. Erythrophores: These cells contain red or pink pigments called porphyrins and are found in some species of fish and crustaceans.
5. Leucophores: These cells reflect white light and are found in some species of fish, cephalopods (such as squid and octopuses), and crustaceans.

The distribution and concentration of pigments within chromatophores can be controlled by hormones, neurotransmitters, or other signaling molecules, allowing the animal to change its color rapidly in response to environmental stimuli or social cues.

Decapodiformes is a taxonomic order of marine cephalopods, which includes squids, octopuses, and cuttlefish. The name "Decapodiformes" comes from the Greek words "deca," meaning ten, and "podos," meaning foot, referring to the fact that these animals have ten limbs.

However, it is worth noting that within Decapodiformes, octopuses are an exception as they only have eight arms. The other members of this order, such as squids and cuttlefish, have ten appendages, which are used for locomotion, feeding, and sensory perception.

Decapodiformes species are known for their complex behaviors, sophisticated communication systems, and remarkable adaptations that enable them to thrive in a variety of marine habitats. They play important ecological roles as both predators and prey in the ocean food chain.

Photobiology is the study of the interactions between non-ionizing radiation, primarily ultraviolet (UV), visible, and infrared radiation, and living organisms. It involves how these radiations affect organisms, their metabolic processes, and biological rhythms. This field also includes research on the use of light in therapy, such as phototherapy for treating various skin conditions and mood disorders. Photobiology has important implications for understanding the effects of sunlight on human health, including both beneficial and harmful effects.

Octopodiformes is a taxonomic order that includes two main groups: octopuses (Octopoda) and vampire squids (Vampyroteuthis infernalis). This grouping is based on similarities in their fossil record and molecular data. Although they are commonly referred to as squids, vampire squids are not true squids, which belong to a different order called Teuthida.

Octopodiformes are characterized by several features, including:

1. A highly developed brain and complex nervous system.
2. Eight arms with suckers, but no tentacles.
3. The ability to change their skin color and texture for camouflage.
4. Three hearts that pump blood through their bodies.
5. Blue blood due to the copper-based protein hemocyanin.
6. A siphon used for jet propulsion and other functions, such as waste expulsion and mating.
7. Ink sacs for defense against predators.

Octopuses are known for their intelligence, problem-solving abilities, and short lifespans (usually less than two years). Vampire squids, on the other hand, live in deep ocean environments and have a unique feeding strategy that involves filtering organic matter from the water. They can also produce bioluminescent displays to confuse predators.

It is important to note that while Octopodiformes is a well-supported taxonomic group, there is still ongoing research and debate about the relationships among cephalopods (the class that includes octopuses, squids, cuttlefish, and nautiluses) and their classification.

Melanin is a pigment that determines the color of skin, hair, and eyes in humans and animals. It is produced by melanocytes, which are specialized cells found in the epidermis (the outer layer of the skin) and the choroid (the vascular coat of the eye). There are two main types of melanin: eumelanin and pheomelanin. Eumelanin is a black or brown pigment, while pheomelanin is a red or yellow pigment. The amount and type of melanin produced by an individual can affect their skin and hair color, as well as their susceptibility to certain diseases, such as skin cancer.

Look up Sepia or sepia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Sepia may refer to: Sepia (cephalopod), a genus of cuttlefish Sepia ... a photography technique Sepia, a 2001 album by Coco Mbassi Sepia, a 2002 album by Yu Takahashi "Sepia" (song), by the Manic ... "Sepia" (Plan B song), a song on the album Heaven Before All Hell Breaks Loose Sepia (restaurant), a New American restaurant in ... Iczer One Sepia Jack (John Christian Schetky, 1778-1874), Scottish marine painter All pages with titles beginning with Sepia ...
S. baxteri is possibly a junior synonym of Sepia bandensis. The placement of this species in the genus Sepia is also ... Sepia baxteri is a species of cuttlefish native to the southwestern Pacific Ocean, specifically the waters around Lord Howe ... Julian Finn (2016). "Sepia baxteri (Iredale, 1940)". World Register of Marine Species. Flanders Marine Institute. Retrieved 12 ... Barratt, I.; Allcock, L. (2012). "Sepia baxteri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012: e.T162514A907364. doi:10.2305/IUCN ...
... is a species of cuttlefish native to the southwestern Pacific Ocean, specifically the waters off the Great ... Julian Finn (2016). "Sepia bidhaia Reid, 2000". World Register of Marine Species. Flanders Marine Institute. Retrieved 14 ... Barratt, I.; Allcock, L. (2012). "Sepia bidhaia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012: e.T162652A937223. doi:10.2305/IUCN ... Current Classification of Recent Cephalopoda "CephBase: Sepia bidhaia". Archived from the original on 2005-08-17. v t e ( ...
... "walks", rather than swims, using its arms and the flaps of the mantle. Barratt, I.; Allcock, L. (2012). "Sepia ... Sepia bandensis, commonly known as the stumpy-spined cuttlefish or dwarf cuttlefish, is a species of cuttlefish. Sepia baxteri ... Sepia bandensis, at the California Academy of Sciences "Animal Diversity Web." Sepia: CLASSIFICATION. University of Michigan, ... Sepia bandensis lives in shallow coastal waters of the Philippines and Indonesia (Borneo, Jawa, Sulawesi, New Guinea and lesser ...
Sepia vermicularis, the patchwork cuttlefish.sometimes known as the common cuttlefish or ink-fish in South Africa, but the name ... Julian Finn (2016). "Sepia vermiculata Quoy & Gaimard, 1832". World Register of Marine Species. Flanders Marine Institute. ... "Sepia vermiculata". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012: e.T162619A930233. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012-1.RLTS.T162619A930233 ... common cuttlefish is more widely applied to Sepia officinalis. It is endemic to southern Africa. This cuttlefish is found ...
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dalla sepia. Wikispecies has information related to Dalla sepia. Dalla at Markku ... Dalla sepia is a species of butterfly in the family Hesperiidae. It is found in Peru. ...
... grows to a mantle length of 82 mm. The upper surface of the body is rough with variably extending bumps. The ... Sepia are one taxa of cephalopods that produce a chemical substance to be used for adhesion; the use of this secretion varies ... Sepia tuberculata is capable of changing colour rapidly. It feeds on shrimps. It uses its glandular patches to cling to rocks. ... Sepia tuberculata is a species of cuttlefish native to South African waters from Melkbosstrand (an area near Cape Town) (33°43′ ...
... is a species of tortricid moth in the family Tortricidae. The MONA or Hodges number for Pseudexentera sepia ... "Pseudexentera sepia species details". Catalogue of Life. Retrieved 2018-04-06. "Pseudexentera sepia". GBIF. Retrieved 2018-04- ... "Pseudexentera sepia Species Information". BugGuide.net. Retrieved 2018-04-06. "Pseudexentera sepia Overview". Encyclopedia of ... Media related to Pseudexentera sepia at Wikimedia Commons v t e (Articles with short description, Short description is ...
... is a species of cuttlefish native to the northwestern Pacific Ocean, specifically the Kii Channel, Tosa Bay ... It lives at a depth of between 190 and 350 m. Sepia aureomaculata grows to a mantle length of 160 mm. The type specimen was ... Julian Finn (2018). "Sepia aureomaculata Okutani & Horikawa [in Okutani, Tagawa & Horikawa], 1987". World Register of Marine ... Current Classification of Recent Cephalopoda "CephBase: Sepia aureomaculata". Archived from the original on 2005-08-17. v t e ( ...
... is a relatively small species of cuttlefish with a mantle length of 83 mm in males and 102 mm in females. It is ... Sepia hedleyi is endemic to the waters off Australia. Its range extends from the Great Barrier Reef off Queensland around the ... Sepia hedleyi occurs from shallow water to the continental slope, with the maximum depth recorded being 1092 m and the minimum ... Sepia hedleyi, or Hedley's cuttlefish, is a species of cuttlefish in the family Sepiidae, endemic to subtropical and temperate ...
... is a species of beetle in the genus Mordellistena of the family Mordellidae. It was described by Ray in ...
It lives at a depth of between 300 and 500 m. Sepia bathyalis grows to a mantle length of 80 mm. The type specimen was ... Sepia bathyalis is a species of cuttlefish native to the southwestern Indian Ocean, specifically northwestern and southwestern ... Philippe Bouchet (2018). "Sepia bathyalis Nikitina & Nesis, 1991". World Register of Marine Species. Flanders Marine Institute ... Current Classification of Recent Cephalopoda "CephBase: Sepia bathyalis". Archived from the original on 2005-08-17. v t e ( ...
... is a species of cuttlefish native to the western Indian Ocean, specifically Saya-de-Malha Bank (11°31′S 61°00 ... It lives at depths of between 87 and 325 m. Sepia mascarensis grows to a mantle length of 67 to 124 mm. The type specimen was ... Finn, Julian (2016). "Sepia mascarensis Filippova & Khromov, 1991". World Register of Marine Species. Flanders Marine Institute ... Current Classification of Recent Cephalopoda "CephBase: Sepia mascarensis". Archived from the original on 2005-08-17. v t e ( ...
The sepia stingray (Urolophus aurantiacus) is a species of fish in the family Urolophidae. It is found in Japan, Taiwan, ...
... grows to a mantle length of 70 mm. The type specimen was collected off Cape Town, South Africa (32°32' to 33° ... Sepia hieronis is a species of cuttlefish native to the southeastern Atlantic Ocean and southwestern Indian Ocean, specifically ... Finn, Julian (2016). "Sepia hieronis Robson, 1924". World Register of Marine Species. Flanders Marine Institute. Retrieved 17 ... Current Classification of Recent Cephalopoda "CephBase: Sepia hieronis". Archived from the original on 2005-08-17. v t e ( ...
... is a species of cuttlefish native to the western Pacific Ocean. Its natural range covers the waters off eastern ... S. tenuipes lives at depths of 100 to 250 m. Sepia tenuipes grows to a mantle length of 105 mm. The type specimen was collected ... Finn, Julian (2016). "Sepia tenuipes Sasaki, 1929". World Register of Marine Species. Flanders Marine Institute. Retrieved 15 ... Current Classification of Recent Cephalopoda "CephBase: Sepia tenuipes". Archived from the original on 2005-08-17. v t e ( ...
... is a species of cuttlefish native to the southwestern Indian Ocean. It is known only from the type locality, S 79ºE ... Julian Finn (2016). "Sepia adami Roeleveld, 1972". World Register of Marine Species. Flanders Marine Institute. Retrieved 14 ... Barratt, I.; Allcock, L. (2012). "Sepia adami". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012: e.T162615A928715. doi:10.2305/IUCN. ... Current Classification of Recent Cephalopoda "CephBase: Sepia adami". Archived from the original on 2005-08-17. v t e (Articles ...
... is a species of cuttlefish native to the Indian Ocean. The mantle length of males is 140 mm, and 150mm in ... It lives at depths of 34 to 95 m. Barratt, I.; Allcock, L. (2012). "Sepia stellifera". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. ... Julian Finn (2016). "Sepia stellifera Homenko & Khromov, 1984". World Register of Marine Species. Flanders Marine Institute. ...
Sepia, a shade of brown, was intended as a tongue-in-cheek reference to the tone of South Asian skin.[1] Sepia Mutiny discussed ... "Mutinous End Times , Sepia Mutiny". Sepia Mutiny FAQ. India Network Foundation Incorporated (2000). Asian Indian Population in ... Sepia Mutiny bloggers covered it. In addition to being aware of issues faced by South Asians outside of India, Sepia Mutiny was ... Sepia Mutiny had become a focal point of discussion for Desis on the Internet in the United States and, to some extent, other ...
The reports of this species off China, referred to as Sepia sinope by John Edward Gray are likely to be erroneous. Sepia ... Sepia australis, the southern cuttlefish, is a species of cuttlefish which is found in the eastern South Atlantic Ocean and the ... Sepia australis has widely-separated, posteriorly rounded fins. The arms have the suckers arranged in four series with the ... Sepia australis is not currently subject to commercial exploitation, but as an apparently abundant species with "tasty flesh", ...
... occurs along the west coast of Africa from Cape Blanc in Mauritania south to Baia dos Tigres in Angola. It is ... "Species differentiation of Sepia officinalis and Sepia hieradda (Cephalopoda:Sepiidae) based on morphological and allozyme ... Sepia hierredda starts to spawn early in the year, in February and this continues into September. They have a lifespan of 24 ... Sepia hierredda is a commercially important quarry species for fisheries off the western coast of Africa. In waters off Western ...
... is found at depths of between 20m and 156m, being most numerous off the Canary Islands from depths of 70m-140m ... Sepia bertheloti grows to a mantle length of 175mm in males and 134mm in females. The dorsal anterior mantle margin forms a ... Sepia bertheloti occurs along the western coast of Africa from Western Sahara south to Angola, it is also found off the Canary ... Sepia bertheloti, the African cuttlefish, is a species of cuttlefish from the family Sepiidae which is found in the warmer ...
... grows to a mantle length of 22 mm. It has a warty mantle and is reddish-brown in colour with a large purple patch ... Sepia pulchra is a species of cuttlefish native to the southeastern Atlantic Ocean, specifically off the Cape Peninsula in ... A new species of Sepia (Cephalopoda: Sepiidae) from South Africa. Annals of the South African Museum 96(1): 1-18. Reid, A., P. ... Finn, Julian (2016). "Sepia pulchra Roeleveld & Liltved, 1985". World Register of Marine Species. Flanders Marine Institute. ...
... grows to a mantle length of 37 mm. The type specimen was collected off Kai Island in the Arafura Sea. It is ... Sepia kiensis is a species of cuttlefish native to the Indo-Pacific, specifically the Kai Islands, possibly to Timor and ... Finn, Julian (2016). "Sepia kiensis Hoyle, 1885". World Register of Marine Species. Flanders Marine Institute. Retrieved 15 ... Barratt, I.; Allcock, L. (2012). "Sepia kiensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012: e.T162577A920458. doi:10.2305/IUCN ...
... is a species of cuttlefish native to the southeastern Indian Ocean, specifically from northwest of Broome (17°31 ... Julian Finn (2016). "Sepia cottoni Adam, 1979". World Register of Marine Species. Flanders Marine Institute. Retrieved 14 ... Barratt, I.; Allcock, L. (2012). "Sepia cottoni". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012: e.T162622A930857. doi:10.2305/IUCN ... Current Classification of Recent Cephalopoda "CephBase: Sepia cottoni". Archived from the original on 2005-08-17. v t e ( ...
... grows to a mantle length of 45 mm. Sepia reesi was only known from the type specimen was collected in Salmon Bay, ... Sepia reesi is a species of cuttlefish native to the southeastern Indian Ocean. Cuttlebone of this species known only from the ... Finn, Julian (2016). "Sepia reesi Adam, 1979". World Register of Marine Species. Flanders Marine Institute. Retrieved 17 ... Barratt, I.; Allcock, L. (2012). "Sepia reesi". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012: e.T162624A931149. doi:10.2305/IUCN. ...
... (1947)". Retrieved 2008-11-02. Sepia Cinderella at IMDb Sepia Cinderella is available for free viewing and ... Sepia Cinderella is a 1947 American musical race film directed by Arthur H. Leonard. The film is notable for musical numbers by ... List of films in the public domain in the United States Overview of "Sepia Cinderella," Turner Classic Movies Overview of " ... Sepia Cinderella was released on Region 0 DVD by Alpha Video, as part of a double feature with Dirty Gertie from Harlem U.S.A ...
It is known only from the type locality, where it was caught at a depth of 25 m. Sepia dubia is known to grow to a mantle ... Finn, Julian (2016). "Sepia dubia Adam & Rees, 1966". World Register of Marine Species. Flanders Marine Institute. Retrieved 15 ... Sepia dubia is a species of cuttlefish native to the southeastern Atlantic Ocean. ... Barratt, I.; Allcock, L. (2012). "Sepia dubia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012: e.T162532A910702. doi:10.2305/IUCN. ...
Sepia burnupi Sepia carinata Sepia confusa Sepia cottoni Sepia elongata Sepia erostrata Sepia foliopeza Sepia incerta Sepia ... Sepia pardex Sepia peterseni Sepia rhoda Sepia saya Sepia sewelli Sepia sokotriensis Sepia subtenuipes Sepia tala Sepia ... Sepia opipara Sepia reesi Sepia rex Sepia vossi Subgenus Sepia Sepia angulata * Sepia apama, Australian giant cuttlefish Sepia ... trident cuttlefish Sepia vercoi Sepia vietnamica Subgenus Hemisepius Sepia dubia Sepia faurei Sepia pulchra Sepia robsoni Sepia ...
Sepia apama and Sepia novaehollandiae are the main competitors of the Sepia braggi as both species are larger and more common. ... Sepia braggi was then described by Sir Joseph Cooke Verco in 1907.Sepia braggi is part of the subgenus Doratosepion which ... Of the Sepia genus, S. braggi is only species that does not have a darkened lateral band on the upper and lower beak. Also, on ... Sepia braggi is a relatively small species of cuttlefish. Females of the species are larger than males and they grow to a ...
Look up Sepia or sepia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Sepia may refer to: Sepia (cephalopod), a genus of cuttlefish Sepia ... a photography technique Sepia, a 2001 album by Coco Mbassi Sepia, a 2002 album by Yu Takahashi "Sepia" (song), by the Manic ... "Sepia" (Plan B song), a song on the album Heaven Before All Hell Breaks Loose Sepia (restaurant), a New American restaurant in ... Iczer One Sepia Jack (John Christian Schetky, 1778-1874), Scottish marine painter All pages with titles beginning with Sepia ...
Shop for vinyl, CDs, and more from Sepia Hours on Discogs. ...
Portrait in Sepia by Isabel Allende , Literature & Fiction , ISBN: 000712158x Global Overview for this book ... Portrait in Sepia is both a magnificient historical novel set at the end of the 19th century in Chile and a marvellous family ...
... versuri, muzica, concerte, stiri, tabs, chords, acorduri, tabulaturi, albume, poze, videoclipuri. Totul despre ... Biografie Sepia Dreamer. Country: Sweden Label: Galactic Records Website: www.myspace.com/sepiadreamer Formed in: 2003 2003- ...
Sepia Mutiny. All that flavorful brownness in one savory packet. Search. Main menu. Skip to primary content ...
Sepia Map of Rome Art Print. Find art you love and shop high-quality art prints, photographs, framed artworks and posters at ...
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Sepia. Mini 2 ml. Mini 2 ml href=//cdn3.volusion.com/ufpqo.vntwc/v/vspfiles/photos/LIQ-MINI-Sepia-2.jpg?v-cache=1656619504> ... Sepia has the feel of a thick down comforter - full of both presence and loft. -- Now Smell This! Sepia hits several sweet ... For that hour that Sepia is going strong, use it to escape. Sepia is like a window to another world, a means to get away, a ... Mini 2 ml href=//cdn3.volusion.com/ufpqo.vntwc/v/vspfiles/photos/LIQ-MINI-Sepia-2.jpg?v-cache=1656619504>. ...
Life More Features 29 Jan 2018 Down memory lane in tones of sepia ... Down memory lane in tones of sepia. THE ASIAN AGE. , DYUTI BASU ... As the seconds tick by, the photograph develops painstakingly, and is finally produced in sepia tones, to ensure their ...
jboda050403_9156 (sepia crop)001.jpg Canon EOS 300D Digital Rebel 1/125s f/9.0 at 43.0mm iso100 full exif ... jbodaPHOTO , all galleries >> Galleries >> Bluebonnets and Angels > jboda050403_9156 (sepia crop)001.jpg ...
... review and discuss the undertones of sepia are more vibrant poem by Storm on Poetry.com ... Discuss the poem "undertones of sepia are more vibrant" with the community.... https://www.poetry.com/poem/89833/undertones-of- ... "undertones of sepia are more vibrant". Poetry.com. STANDS4 LLC, 2023. Web. 21 Sep. 2023. ,https://www.poetry.com/poem/89833/ ...
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Rush Limbaugh, Americas Anchorman and Doctor of Democracy, is known as the pioneer of AM radio. Limbaugh revolutionized the media and political landscape with his unprecedented combination o f serious discussion of political, cultural and social issues along with satirical and biting humor.
I scanned an old family photo in grayscale that originally had a sepia tone to it. How can I produce a sepia tone in PS6? ... So how does one determine whether the original was sepia or just aged. Furthermore, if a sepia print is required at the end of ... I am looking for a good tutorial of converting a black and white photo to sepia tones. I know there are lots on the net, but I ... havent found one that I like, so I thought i give it a try here and see who can tell me where I can get a very good sepia tone ...
Homeopathic Sepia - GENITALS ETC indications, uses & symptoms by Hering ... Sepia - Genitals Etc symptoms - Hering Inky Juice Of Cuttlefish, Sepia Succus, Sepia Officinalis, Sep.. ... Sepia- main page Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) of Sepia in traditional homeopathic usage, ... Have you ever used Sepia? Yes No. Filter Sepia genitals etc symptoms:. ...
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Homeopathic Sepia - RECTUM, ANUS, STOOL indications, uses & symptoms by Hering ... Sepia - Rectum, Anus, Stool symptoms - Hering Inky Juice Of Cuttlefish, Sepia Succus, Sepia Officinalis, Sep.. ... Sepia- main page Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) of Sepia in traditional homeopathic usage, ... Have you ever used Sepia? Yes No. Filter Sepia rectum, anus, stool symptoms:. ...
Sepia Mutiny. All that flavorful brownness in one savory packet. Search. Main menu. Skip to primary content ... The sepia intern will be moderating this closely and a thoughtful discussion will be appreciated. ...
SEPIA. Homeopathic remedy used for Indifference. Many potencies available. ... Sepia Pills Indicated for Indifference. Active ingredient: Sepia [HPUS]. Inactive ingredients: Sucrose/lactose p ... Sepia Pills Indicated for Indifference. Active ingredient: Sepia [HPUS]. Inactive ingredients: Sucrose/lactose p ... Active ingredient: Sepia [HPUS]. Inactive ingredients: Sucrose/lactose pellets. All single remedies are made and packaged in ...
Sepia cabinet finish on Rustic Alder is a neutral dark brown tone, making it an excellent base color for any palette. ... Sepia cabinet finish on Rustic Alder is a neutral dark brown tone, making it an excellent base color for any palette. This ...
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Sepia Days verwijst naar de fotos die Nazif Lopulissa bestudeerde om meer over het leven en verleden van zijn groot- en ... Sepia Days verwijst naar de oude, sepia fotos die Nazif Lopulissa (1991) bestudeerde om meer over het leven en verleden van ... Ticket prices Sepia days - Nazif Lopulissa. With Netherlands Museum Pass. free of charge. ... Ze doen denken aan een moeilijke tijd die door de warmte van de Sepia kleur toch ook een warm en nostalgisch gevoel oproept. ...
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  • 1) The dark brown-black liquid secreted by the cuttlefish, ''Sepia officinalis'' or other Cephalopoda. (mfa.org)
  • Sepia officinalis'' or other Cephalopoda. (mfa.org)
  • Below are the main rubriks (i.e strongest indications or symptoms) of Sepia in traditional homeopathic usage , not approved by the FDA. (abchomeopathy.com)
  • As he blows on an ember, he balances finesse and fire until detailed sepia-tinged shapes and images emerge. (cdc.gov)
  • As the seconds tick by, the photograph develops painstakingly, and is finally produced in sepia tones, to ensure their longevity. (asianage.com)
  • I am looking for a good tutorial of converting a black and white photo to sepia tones. (retouchpro.com)
  • I scanned an old family photo in grayscale that originally had a sepia tone to it. (retouchpro.com)
  • Sepia cabinet finish on Rustic Alder is a neutral dark brown tone, making it an excellent base color for any palette. (decoracabinets.com)
  • Electronics The Sepia Patrik Lindström The British band The Sepia from Mitcham has taken their inspiration from EBM as well as Industrial, Ethereal, Ambient, Rock, Techno and Trance. (brutalresonance.com)
  • How can I produce a sepia tone in PS6? (retouchpro.com)
  • I know there are lots on the net, but I haven't found one that I like, so I thought i give it a try here and see who can tell me where I can get a very good sepia tone. (retouchpro.com)
  • The sepia tone was a great choice for the Dogwood Hailey. (fineartamerica.com)
  • Iczer One Sepia Jack (John Christian Schetky, 1778-1874), Scottish marine painter All pages with titles beginning with Sepia This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Sepia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sign up for a free account and upload your photos to get started on your first Sweet Sepia! (nationsphotolab.com)
  • Look up Sepia or sepia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, if a sepia print is required at the end of the process would you. (retouchpro.com)
  • Sepia, a taxonomy oriented read classifier in Rust den Bakker HC, Katz L. Journal of Open Source Software. (cdc.gov)
  • Portrait in Sepia is an extraordinary achievement: richly detailed, epic in scope, intimate in its probing of human character, and thrilling in the way it illuminates the complexity of family ties. (overdrive.com)
  • Many old photos turn brown with age (see attached) and I notice on some of the help you guys offer, your repaired examples have been changed to B&W. So how does one determine whether the original was sepia or just aged. (retouchpro.com)
  • Ze doen denken aan een moeilijke tijd die door de warmte van de Sepia kleur toch ook een warm en nostalgisch gevoel oproept. (museum.nl)
  • Sepia has the feel of a thick down comforter - full of both presence and loft. (aftelier.com)
  • Read an excerpt from Portrait in Sepia . (kcrw.com)
  • Your search for SEPIA OFFICINALIS JUICE did not return any results. (nih.gov)
  • There's also a short essay by myself, on "Skinny Candidates With Funny Names," which brings together points made in several of my Sepia Mutiny posts on Barack Obama and Bobby Jindal. (sepiamutiny.com)
  • In the piece I make reference to some Sepia Mutiny comment threads, and I actually quote directly from commenter Neal (Neal, thank you). (sepiamutiny.com)
  • This is something we're always talking about at Sepia Mutiny, but I'm not convinced it's actually happened yet. (sepiamutiny.com)
  • Did you mean SEPIA officials JUICE ? (nih.gov)
  • Triturations should be made of the pure Sepia (the inky juice of the cuttle-fish). (homeoint.org)
  • Trademark "Coast to Coast Sepia II" Black framed art measuring 11" x 11" with an attractive design/beautiful white matte finish adds elegance to your wall and is created by Daphne Brissonnet. (staples.com)
  • Trademark "Coast to Coast Sepia II" Black framed art by Daphne Brissonnet has a ready-to-hang frame with a protective clear acrylic face. (staples.com)
  • Iczer One Sepia Jack (John Christian Schetky, 1778-1874), Scottish marine painter All pages with titles beginning with Sepia This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Sepia. (wikipedia.org)
  • It's also making a positive statement for the environment too - Oriel Sepia is made from 100% recycled polyester, so you can sit back and admire your blind, knowing you've done your bit for sustainability. (hillarys.co.uk)
  • This stunning medium weight satin has a sublime light rose color (Pantone® 14-1803 Sepia Rose). (sawyerbrook.com)
  • The university-affiliated Sepia Institute for Textile Arts promotes tapestry, the textile arts and the multidisciplinary and architecture-related use of textile arts by means of research and support for interdisciplinary training for artists, designers and academics. (burg-halle.de)
  • Sepia, a taxonomy oriented read classifier in Rust den Bakker HC, Katz L. Journal of Open Source Software. (cdc.gov)
  • Measuring 1830mm and finished in Sepia Brown, this gravel board adds an extra layer of protection and a touch of warmth to your fence design. (laver.co.uk)
  • Light Sepia is an opalescent grey glaze that features strong variations on textured ware. (amaco.com)
  • Other great apps like SEPIA Framework are Google Assistant , Apple Shortcuts , Siri and Hound . (alternativeto.net)
  • As he blows on an ember, he balances finesse and fire until detailed sepia-tinged shapes and images emerge. (cdc.gov)
  • The SEPIA-Framework is a collection of open-source modules and tools that form a coherent ecosystem for self-hosted, privacy-compliant, voice-controlled applications and devices' and is a virtual assistant in the ai tools & services category. (alternativeto.net)
  • A Roman blind in Oriel Sepia promises to make a real statement at any window you choose for it. (hillarys.co.uk)