The continuous developmental process of a culture from simple to complex forms and from homogeneous to heterogeneous qualities.
Behavioral or attitudinal compliance with recognized social patterns or standards.
A system of government in which there is free and equal participation by the people in the political decision-making process.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
The science of language, including phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and historical linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)
A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
The process of cumulative change over successive generations through which organisms acquire their distinguishing morphological and physiological characteristics.
A verbal or nonverbal means of communicating ideas or feelings.
The process of cumulative change at the level of DNA; RNA; and PROTEINS, over successive generations.
The circulation or wide dispersal of information.
The scientific study of past societies through artifacts, fossils, etc.
The period of history before 500 of the common era.
Family of the suborder HAPLORHINI (Anthropoidea) comprising bipedal primate MAMMALS. It includes modern man (HOMO SAPIENS) and the great apes: gorillas (GORILLA GORILLA), chimpanzees (PAN PANISCUS and PAN TROGLODYTES), and orangutans (PONGO PYGMAEUS).
The natural satellite of the planet Earth. It includes the lunar cycles or phases, the lunar month, lunar landscapes, geography, and soil.
Facilities that collect, store, and distribute tissues, e.g., cell lines, microorganisms, blood, sperm, milk, breast tissue, for use by others. Other uses may include transplantation and comparison of diseased tissues in the identification of cancer.
The science devoted to the comparative study of man.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
Sound that expresses emotion through rhythm, melody, and harmony.
Modulation of human voice to produce sounds augmented by musical tonality and rhythm.
Sounds used in animal communication.
The relative amounts of the PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in a nucleic acid.
Observable changes of expression in the face in response to emotional stimuli.
An increase in the rate of speed.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Persons ordained for religious duties, who serve as leaders and perform religious services.
Sensitivity or attachment to religious values, or to things of the spirit as opposed to material or worldly interests. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed, and Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed)
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
Amounts charged to the patient as payer for dental services.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
Any enterprise centered on the processing, assembly, production, or marketing of a line of products, services, commodities, or merchandise, in a particular field often named after its principal product. Examples include the automobile, fishing, music, publishing, insurance, and textile industries.
A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.
Celestial bodies orbiting around the sun or other stars.
The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)
The teaching ascribed to Gautama Buddha (ca. 483 B.C.) holding that suffering is inherent in life and that one can escape it into nirvana by mental and moral self-purification. (Webster, 3d ed)
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
Truthful revelation of information, specifically when the information disclosed is likely to be psychologically painful ("bad news") to the recipient (e.g., revelation to a patient or a patient's family of the patient's DIAGNOSIS or PROGNOSIS) or embarrassing to the teller (e.g., revelation of medical errors).
Elements that constitute group 18 (formerly the zero group) of the periodic table. They are gases that generally do not react chemically.
The act of deceiving or the fact of being deceived.
Learning the correct route through a maze to obtain reinforcement. It is used for human or animal populations. (Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 6th ed)
Cultural evolution is vitalistic and assumes a direction to the nature of change (i.e., progress). Darwinian evolution, Dunnell ... Dunnell, Robert C. 1982 Science, Social Science, Common Sense. Journal of Anthropological Research 38:1-25, Dunnell, Robert C. ... In addition, he argued that "cultural evolution" which has its roots in 19th Century social scientists such as Lewis Henry ... The Concept of Progress in Cultural Evolution. In Evolutionary Progress? M.H. Nitecki, ed. Pp. 169-194. Chicago: The University ...
... in the sense of nation or race. He appears to have held Lamarckian concepts of evolution, such that cultural deterioration ... as it implies that the moral sense is somehow inborn and unvarying, yet it was known to vary by time and place, and Kraepelin ... which meant then a disorder of the emotions or moral sense without apparent delusions or hallucinations, and which Kraepelin ... never considered that the moral sense might just be different. Kurt Schneider criticized Kraepelin's nosology on topics such as ...
Evolutionary game theory includes both biological as well as cultural evolution and also models of individual learning (for ... A game theorist might argue that such threats can fail to be credible, in the sense that they can lead to subgame imperfect ... In general, the evolution of strategies over time according to such rules is modeled as a Markov chain with a state variable ... It was explicitly applied to evolution in the 1970s, although similar developments go back at least as far as the 1930s. Game ...
... instead going back to earlier ideas of hereditarianism and cultural evolution. The book received mixed reviews. In Race, Baker ... used a restrictive sense of the term "civilization", giving 23 criteria by which civilizations might be identified. Based on ... 1974 Evolution : the modern synthesis by Julian Huxley; with a new introd. edited by John R. Baker, 1974 Freedom of science, ...
... is a related but competing field that proposes that cultural evolution can occur in a Darwinian sense but independently of ...
... the difference between cultural evolution and natural evolution is increasingly acknowledged by cultural ecologists. Rather ... causal deterministic laws do not apply to culture in a strict sense, but there are nevertheless productive analogies that can ... In his Theory of Culture Change: The Methodology of Multilinear Evolution (1955), cultural ecology represents the "ways in ... Today few geographers self-identify as cultural ecologists, but ideas from cultural ecology have been adopted and built on by ...
... the spreading and survival of linguistic units is directly comparable to that of other types of units of cultural evolution, ... they are in that sense types of gestalt. Frames are based on recurring experiences, therefore the commercial transaction frame ... Kirby, Simon (2013). "Transitions: the evolution of linguistic replicators". In Binder; Smith (eds.). The Language Phenomenon ( ... like in memetics and other cultural replicator theories. The theory applies the notion of a semantic frame also used in ...
... "providing for social and cultural evolution." Any group that goes through a course would be encouraged to pursue a service ... Community service is framed by the contexts the individuals bring to the group and their sense of purpose about it - and ... The goal of a universal sense of active and observable citizenship in the Faith has remained elusive. Although membership in ... As a result, materials include examples from several cultures which helps diverse participants relate to some of the cultural ...
Plastic finds its roots in a millenary tradition of civilization, in a huge and deep cultural evolution that link together the ... In a certain sense Cracking could be considered as a conceptual formula used to challenge the rules of contemporary art. ...
... rather than the aspiration for cultural evolution through technological refinement. In the process of this deflation, human ... The participant's unique ability to sense an exceptional vacuum event and transform the experience into a composition ... increasingly address machines as machines without making use of an otherwise highly refined associative and context-based sense ...
Historian Bruce Trigger associates grammatology with cultural evolution. The scholars most immediately associated with ... In its broadest sense, some scholars also include the study of literacy in grammatology and, indeed, the impact of writing on ... a case study in cultural evolution". In Houston, Stephen D. (ed.). The First Writing: Script Invention as History and Process. ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Barry, P., 1995, Beginning Theory - An introduction to Literary and Cultural Theory, ...
... optimistic sense of the linear and upward progress of cultures with the contemporary vogue for applying evolution to cultural ... "The evolution of culture marches with the elimination of ornament from useful objects," Loos proclaimed, thus linking the ... Loos introduced a sense of the "immorality" of ornament, describing it as "degenerate", its suppression as necessary for ... Loos concluded that "No ornament can any longer be made today by anyone who lives on our cultural level ... Freedom from ...
... for it gives rise to a rapid and powerful kind of cultural evolution, an evolution that increasingly, in a sense, takes on a ... in which the author argues that biological evolution and cultural evolution are shaped and directed first and foremost by "non- ... Wright discusses this as well, arguing that war between nations often resulted in technological and cultural evolution. For ... and my insistence that biological and cultural evolution have important parallels. A number of observers have noted that the ...
For a view supporting 'evolutionary competition between cultural groups', see Smaldino, Paul E. (2014). "The cultural evolution ... From the gene-centred view, it follows that the more two individuals are genetically related, the more sense (at the level of ... The book also introduces the term meme for a unit of human cultural evolution analogous to the gene, suggesting that such " ... which Wilson argues is a more realistic model of social evolution. He criticises earlier approaches to social evolution, saying ...
... albeit in a different sense. While cultural evolution itself is a much older topic, with a history that dates back at least as ... Baldwin effect - Effect of learned behavior on evolution Cultural selection theory - The study of cultural change modelled on ... Research methodologies that apply memetics go by many names: Viral marketing, cultural evolution, the history of ideas, social ... Memetic algorithms - an approach to evolutionary computation that attempts to emulate cultural evolution in order to solve ...
... when nations experience negative freedom but he sounds a positive note when he claims that the work of cultural evolution ... but also made him an appealing prospect for an insecure middle class that needed some sense of pride and certainty. Fromm ...
... discusses the cultural evolution of the "Keep Austin Weird" movement as well as its commercialization and socio-political ... Long, Joshua (2010). Weird City: Sense of Place and Creative Resistance in Austin, Texas. University of Texas Press. Kelso, ... A recently released book on the topic, Weird City: Sense of Place and Creative Resistance in Austin, Texas, ...
Impact on human evolution[edit]. Cultural innovations[edit]. Uses of fire by early humans[edit]. The discovery of fire came to ... The discovery of the use of fire and the sharing of the benefits of the use of fire may have created a sense of sharing as a ... The control of fire by early humans was a turning point in the cultural aspect of human evolution. Fire provided a source of ... 4 Impact on human evolution *4.1 Cultural innovations *4.1.1 Uses of fire by early humans ...
... they adapt through a process of cultural evolution Many[who?] argue that the next human metasystem transition consists of a ... In this sense it can be argued that the carbon-based biosphere has generated a cognitive system (humans) capable of creating ... Jablonka, Eva; Szathmáry, Eörs (1995). "The evolution of information storage and heredity". Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 10 ( ... A metasystem transition is the emergence, through evolution, of a higher level of organization or control. A metasystem is ...
... cultural evolution, theory formation, and cognitive development while also showing that thinking probabilistically can provide ... His rigorous mathematical and computational abilities are accompanied by an immensely creative imagination, a sure sense of the ...
Lachmann, Peter (2010). "Genetic and cultural evolution: from fossils to proteins; and from behaviour to ethics" (PDF). Eur Rev ... Sense About Science, 4 June 2009 "The MMR controversy: an investigation. Part three." Melanie Phillips's Articles. 4 June 2009 ... He was also a bee keeper and this interest has led to an interest in the evolution of group behaviour in both bees and humans ... and the role of religious prescription as the building blocks of cultural evolution. LACHMANN, Sir Peter (Julius), Who's Who ...
He has discovered evidence that he is crucial to the planet's unusually rapid cultural evolution. Mr. Spock Zar Captain James T ... When Zar wakes up, he is able to telepathically sense their danger. He also realizes that his father cares about him, since he ... Zar volunteers to help Spock place the force field, because he can sense whether Romulans are present even though, due to the ...
The Cultural Evolution of Civilizations Mesa Community College. Giddens, A. 1999. "Risk and Responsibility" Modern Law Review ... In 1991, Peck remarked that building a sense of community is easy but maintaining this sense of community is difficult in the ... In this sense it is synonymous with the concept of an ancient settlement - whether a hamlet, village, town, or city. The second ... "Sense of community: A definition and theory," p. 16. Perkins, D.D., Florin, P., Rich, R.C., Wandersman, A. & Chavis, D.M. (1990 ...
... signalling a rejection of or evolution from the European mono-cultural concept of a national identity to something far more " ... Separation is therefore a threat of death to anglophone Canada's whole sense of itself, of its self-respect, of its role as a ... Determined to maintain their cultural and linguistic distinctiveness in the face of Anglophone cultural hegemony and massive ... Canadian cultural poesis: essays on Canadian culture (2005) p. 58 Jonathan A. Gray, et al. Satire TV: politics and comedy in ...
... and cultural phenomena, seeking to understand the origin and evolution of galaxies, stars, planets, life, and society, thus ... devising a unifying cosmic-evolutionary worldview of the Universe and our sense of place within it writ large. His educational ... Cosmic Evolution: Rise of Complexity in Nature, Harvard Univ. Press, 2001. ISBN 0-674-00987-8 Epic of Evolution: Seven Ages of ... Big History Epic of Evolution "Bok Prize". Department of Astronomy. Harvard University. Retrieved 2016-03-06. "A Unifying ...
... lack of a better term-spiritual giving it unusual utility as a tool for studying the evolution of the self of socio-cultural ... in both the philosophical and economic senses of the word) and-for the ...
These authors emphasized the difference between human ecology and ecology in general by highlighting cultural evolution in ... remote sensing devices, and other new tools and techniques Forty years later in the same journal, Daniel G. Bates (2012) notes ... The genesis of maladaptions in human biological and cultural evolution; The relation of food quality and quantity to physical ... threads back into the processes of cultural and biological evolution, including the human economy. Policy and human ...
Cliodynamics (/ˌkliːoʊdaɪˈnæmɪks/) is a transdisciplinary area of research that integrates cultural evolution, economic history ... Furthermore, the concept of psychohistory, which gives the events in the story a sense of rational fatalism, leaves little room ... dealing with societal evolution and adaptation rather than the human and cultural qualities at one point in time. In this he ... the series lacked a sense of closure. For decades, fans pressured him to write a sequel. In 1982, after a 30-year hiatus, ...
Odling-Smee, J.; Laland, K. N.; Feldman, M. W. (February 2000). "Niche construction, biological evolution, and cultural change ... Laland ISBN 9780691150703 Sense and nonsense: Evolutionary perspectives on human behaviour, Oxford University Press, 2011, ... Laland, K. N.; Odling-Smee, J.; Feldman, M. W. (2003). Niche Construction: The Neglected Process in Evolution. Princeton ... Zimmer, Carl (2016-11-22). "Scientists Seek to Update Evolution". Quanta Magazine. Retrieved 2018-10-10. "ERC Funded Projects ...
"Early Modern Homo sapiens". Evolution of Modern Humans: A Survey of the Biological and Cultural Evolution of Archaic and Modern ... Making sense of trends in recent human evolution". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 113 (28): 7693-7695. doi: ... Plummer, Thomas (2004). "Flaked stones and old bones: Biological and cultural evolution at the dawn of technology". American ... Adaptive evolution in the human genome Amity-enmity complex Archaeogenetics Dual inheritance theory Dysgenics Evolution of ...
The diversity of Indian cultural groups and moderate positions of Hindu nationalism have sometimes made it regarded as cultural ... Evolution of ideological terminologyEdit. In first half of 20th century, factions of Indian National Congress continued to ... although there was no sense of bigotry or orthodoxy in it.[56] Subhas who called himself a socialist, believed that socialism ... The cultural nationality of India, in the conviction of the RSS, is Hindu and it was inclusive of all who are born and who have ...
Different evolution of the group /ste/ led to different desinences for the past tense formation along Galician geography. ... Swiss German), shifts cultural influence from the Spanish domain to the Portuguese. Although it is difficult to clarify the ... Growing sense of ethnic identity.[3]. Regulated by. Royal Galician Academy. Language codes. ... evolution, lexicon, etymology, onomastics). His Elementos etimológicos segun el método de Euclides (1766), written in Spanish ...
"Human Evolution". History Channel. Archived from the original on 23 April 2008. Retrieved 17 May 2008.. ... In this sense, scientists and engineers may both be considered technologists; the three fields are often considered as one for ... Ferraro, Gary P. (2006). Cultural Anthropology: An Applied Perspective. The Thomson Corporation. ISBN 0495030392. Retrieved 17 ... The use of tools by early humans was partly a process of discovery and of evolution. Early humans evolved from a species of ...
Evolution. Further information: Evolution of cephalopods. Fossil history and phylogeny. Cephalopods have existed for 500 ... Nervous system and senses. The octopus (along with cuttlefish) has the highest brain-to-body mass ratios of all invertebrates, ... Cultural references. Ancient seafaring people were aware of the octopus, as evidenced by certain artworks and designs. For ... It has a poor proprioceptive sense, and it only knows what exact motions were made by observing the arms visually.[50] ...
Genomics and knowledge of human genetics and human evolution is having increasingly significant influence on medicine, as the ... Biostatistics is the application of statistics to biological fields in the broadest sense. A knowledge of biostatistics is ... cultural studies, psychology, sociology), and the arts (literature, theater, film, and visual arts) and their application to ... in the narrow sense, common outside North America), generally exclude practitioners of gynecology and obstetrics, pathology, ...
Kennealy, Peter (1985) "History, Politics, and the Sense of Sin: The Case of Reinhold Niebuhr", In Athanasios Moulakis (ed.), ... Like Edmund Burke, Niebuhr endorsed natural evolution over imposed change and emphasized experience over theory. Niebuhr's ... "cultural annihilation of the Jews".[62] Eventually, his theology evolved to the point where he was the first prominent ... Niebuhr argued that to approach religion as the individualistic attempt to fulfill biblical commandments in a moralistic sense ...
The charity Sense About Science launched a campaign to draw attention to this particular legal case against science writer ... Villanueva-Russell Y (June 2011). "Caught in the crosshairs: identity and cultural authority within chiropractic". Soc Sci Med ... Phillips RB (2005). "The evolution of vitalism and materialism and its impact on philosophy". In Haldeman S, Dagenais S, ... a temperature-sensing device, was highly controversial among B.J.'s fellow straights. By the 1930s, chiropractic was the ...
Wayne, R. (1993). "Molecular evolution of the dog family". Trends in Genetics. 9 (6): 218-24. doi:10.1016/0168-9525(93)90122-X ... In Russia, golden jackal/Lapponian herder hybrids were bred as sniffer dogs because jackals have a superior sense of smell and ... Likhachev Scientific Research Institute for Cultural Heritage and Environmental Protection in Russia. Male jackal pups had to ... and so interbreeding between dingos and other domestic dogs is also not a hybridization in the same sense as an interbreeding ...
1997). The Evolution of the Soul. Oxford: Oxford University Press.. *Leibowitz, Aryeh. (2018). The Neshama: A Study of the ... The Philosophy of Person: Solidarity and Cultural Creativity, Jozef Tischner and George McClean, 1994, p. 32 ... In his discussions of rational psychology, Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) identified the soul as the "I" in the strictest sense, and ... Bahá'u'lláh taught that individuals have no existence prior to their life here on earth and the soul's evolution is always ...
Margo DeMello (2009). Feet and Footwear: A Cultural Encyclopedia. Greenwood Press/ABC-CLIO. p. 311. ISBN 978-0-313-35714-5. .. ... "Evolution and Human Behavior. 34 (3): 176-181. doi:10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2012.11.006.. .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font- ... Firstly, it is very exclusively gendered in the sense that few men wear high heels in present times.[4] Secondly, magazines ... Margo DeMello (10 September 2009). Feet and Footwear: A Cultural Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 323. ISBN 978-0-313-35715-2. .. ...
While Darwinian evolution never became an issue for northern Presbyterians as most accommodated themselves to some form of ... Sensing a loss of interest and support for foreign missions, the nondenominational Laymen's Foreign Mission Inquiry published ... and resistance to secularism and cultural accommodation within the church.[94] By the 1940s, neo-orthodoxy and the closely ... When applied to biblical interpretation, Common Sense philosophy encouraged theologians to assume that people in all times and ...
Cultural references. In Undead Science, sociologist Bart Simon gives some examples of cold fusion in popular culture, saying ... Brooks, M (2008), "13 Things That Don't Make Sense", New York: Doubleday: 67, ISBN 978-1-60751-666-8. ... There are also "heat-after-death" experiments, where the evolution of heat is monitored after the electric current is turned ... During this time, Fleischmann and Pons described their experiments as generating considerable "excess energy", in the sense ...
... the temple had no formal sense of membership,[42][28] congregations on Sundays and major religious holidays, such as Kathina or ... especially during times of quick cultural and social changes.[21][22] During this period the temple made changes to the ...
Molecular Biology and Evolution. 14 (5): 537-543. doi:10.1093/oxfordjournals.molbev.a025790. PMID 9159931.. ... Mack, John (2013). The Sea: a cultural history. Reaktion Books. pp. 205-206. ISBN 978-1-78023-184-6.. ... The olfactory lobes are absent in toothed whales, suggesting that they have no sense of smell. Some whales, such as the bowhead ... Whitehead, H. (2003). Sperm Whales: Social Evolution in the Ocean. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. p. 4. ISBN 978-0-226- ...
a b Colbert, E.H. & Morales, M. (2001): Colbert's Evolution of the Vertebrates: A History of the Backboned Animals Through Time ... These pits allow the snakes to sense the body heat of birds and mammals, enabling pit vipers to hunt rodents in the dark.[ ... "de beste bron van informatie over cultural institution. Deze website is te koop!". Curator.org. Archived from the original on ... Evolution No. 4, vol 5: pp. 1098-1115 PDF *^ Huey, R.B. (1982): Temperature, physiology, and the ecology of reptiles. Side 25- ...
2012). The beginnings of ancient Kurdistan (c. 2500-1500 BC) : a historical and cultural synthesis. Leiden University, pp. 502- ... To look for a particular ethnic sense here would be a futile exercise." P. 24: "The Pahlavi materials clearly show that kurd in ... There is no unambiguous evolution of Kurdish from Middle Iranian, as "from Old and Middle Iranian times, no predecessors of the ... Kurds in Iraq and Syria have autonomous regions, while Kurdish movements continue to pursue greater cultural rights, autonomy, ...
The sense of agency does not emerge in conjunction with the overt appearance of the purposeful act even though the sense of ... McKewan, Jaclyn (2009). "Evolution, Chemical". In H. James Birx". Predeterminism. Encyclopedia of Time: Science, Philosophy, ... "Is Belief in Free Will a Cultural Universal?". Mind & Language. 25 (3): 346-58. doi:10.1111/j.1468-0017.2010.01393.x. ISSN 1468 ... On one hand, humans have a strong sense of freedom, which leads us to believe that we have free will.[10][11] On the other hand ...
It is highly correlated with the fullness of the bladder.[15] In many males the feeling of the need to urinate can be sensed at ... Roughgarden, Joan (2004). Evolution's Rainbow: Diversity, Gender, and Sexuality in Nature and People. University of California ... Social and cultural aspects. Toilet training. Babies have little socialized control over urination within traditions or ... Serpell, James (21 September 1995). The Domestic Dog: Its Evolution, Behaviour and Interactions with People. Cambridge ...
Cultural aspectsEdit. Music has been looked upon for centuries as an accompaniment to rituals and cultural traditions. Michael ... "Introduction to Human Evolution". The Smithsonian Institution's Human Origins Program. January 27, 2010. Retrieved March 14, ... Singing in a group can facilitate a sense of community and can also be used as group ritual to structure a theme of the group ... Cultural considerationsEdit. Music therapy, like many forms of therapy, has the potential to be a highly culturally sensitive ...
... and projecting a sense of internal "superiority" and distinct sense of "ethnic and cultural exclusivity".[219] After the French ... "Molecular Biology and Evolution. 37 (9): 2503-2519. doi:10.1093/molbev/msaa099. PMC 7475039. PMID 32344428.. ... and the maintenance of cultural and ethnic identity through worship and cultural festivals.[206] ... Stratton, Eric (2002). Evolution Of Indian Stupa Architecture In East Asia (illustrated ed.). Vedams eBooks (P) Ltd. ISBN ...
Cultural variation[edit]. Cultural variation can be seen by the extent of information learned or absorbed by children in non- ... Shettleworth, S. J. "Cognition, Evolution, and Behavior", 2010 (2nd ed.) New York:Oxford, ... indigenous-heritage community had more time to play and initiate in their own after-school activities and had a higher sense of ... Cultural variation is not restricted only to ethnicity and nationality, but rather, extends to the specific practices within ...
Thailand: Public Senses War On Drugs Futile 20 March 2005 *^ "พระราชดำรัส พระราชทานแก่คณะบุคคลต่างๆ ที่เข้าเฝ้าฯ ถวายชัยมงคล ใน ... Constitution of Thailand, describing the evolution of
Nor is it typical in the sense of common or frequently occurring in the population, though it appears familiar, and is typical ... That the preference for the average is biological rather than cultural has been supported by studies on babies, who gaze longer ... Miller, W.B. (2013). "What is the big deal about evolutionary gaps?". In: The Microcosm within: Evolution and Extinction in the ... doi:10.1007/s12045-015-0187-2. Symons, D. (1979) The Evolution of Human Sexuality. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Koeslag, J. ...
Paul Gottfried, Conservatism in America: Making Sense of the American Right, p. 9, "Postwar conservatives set about creating ... Langdale, John (2012). Superfluous Southerners: Cultural Conservatism and the South, 1920-1990. United States: University of ... that intelligent design or creationism should be taught in schools alongside evolution, and that marriage should be defined as ... Against postmodern and liberal relativism, cultural conservatives have argued for values of universal truth and absolute ...
1: Reason in Common Sense, 1905.. *Pitirim Aleksandrovich Sorokin, Social and Cultural Dynamics: a Study of Change in Major ... Arthur Keith, A New Theory of Human Evolution, Watts, 1948, passim. *^ George Santayana, The Life of Reason, vol. 1: Reason in ... Arthur Keith, A New Theory of Human Evolution, Watts, 1948.. *Paul Kennedy, The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers: Economic ... Historic recurrences of the "striking-similarity" type can sometimes induce a sense of "convergence", "resonance" or déjà vu.[f ...
It is this sense of pride which we are trying to give back to the aborigine [sic] today.[91] ... Due to the often political[143][144] and cultural contours of blackness in the United States, the notion of blackness can also ... 2010, Ancient Local Evolution of African mtDNA Haplogroups in Tunisian Berber Populations, Human Biology, Volume 82, Number 4, ... The term "Moors" has been used in Europe in a broader, somewhat derogatory sense to refer to Muslims,[65] especially those of ...
"Genetic and Cultural Evolution of Cooperation, Chapter 11". Berlin: Dahlem Workshop Reports. 2003. ISBN 0-262-08326-4.. ... Used in this sense, it is usually contrasted with egoism, which is defined as acting to the benefit of one's self. ... Kropotkin, Peter, Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution (1902). *. Oord, Thomas (2004). Science of Love. Philadelphia: Templeton ... Reciprocal altruism.[8] See also Reciprocity (evolution). *Direct reciprocity.[9] Research shows that it can be beneficial to ...
Universalism vs cultural relativism. Main articles: Cultural relativism, Moral relativism, Moral universalism, and Universal ... They are applicable everywhere and at every time in the sense of being universal,[1] and they are egalitarian in the sense of ... Clayton, Philip; Schloss, Jeffrey (2004). Evolution and Ethics: Human Morality in Biological and Religious Perspective Wm. B. ... Hershock, Peter D; Ames, R.T.; Stepaniants, M. (eds). Technology and Cultural Values on the Edge of the Third Millennium. ( ...
Darwin's Dangerous Idea: Evolution and the Meanings of Life (Simon & Schuster; reprint edition 1996) (. ISBN 0-684-82471-X) ... So it appears that he does not have control in the libertarian sense of what happens after the chance considerations occur as ... his father was a covert counter-intelligence agent with the Office of Strategic Services posing as a cultural attaché to the ... From Bacteria to Bach and Back: The Evolution of Minds (W. W. Norton & Company - February 2017) (. ISBN 978-0-393-24207-2) ...
It's true that during the period of The Sky Moves Sideways, I had done a little too much of it in the sense of satisfying, in a ... a writer for the UK counter-cultural magazine Encyclopaedia Psychedelica and co-editor of the UK psychedelic garage rock ... no matter how distant their evolution finds them straying from their last effort.. ... The 55-minute work is described as a slightly surreal song cycle about beginnings and endings and the sense that 'after this, ...
The 2014 results made total sense to me in light of what little I knew. Southern Chinese are stereotypically more patriarchal ... Posted in Cultural EvolutionTagged cultural evolution32 Comments on Rice culture reduces individualism Learning from cultural ... Posted in Cultural EvolutionTagged cultural evolution6 Comments on Learning from cultural anthropology as opposed to unlearning ... Posted in Cultural EvolutionTagged cultural evolution1 Comment on Why Darwinian metaphors work for start-ups Pick the right ...
I will first give a general presentation of the cultural evolution framework, and I will then introduce this more specific ... I will first give a general presentation of the cultural evolution framework, and I will then introduce this more specific ... In this review I propose that cultural evolution theory, including both a sophisticated view of human behaviour and a ... contextualised in cognitive science and cultural evolution theory, and I discuss how this perspective could help us to ...
In a sense, CCE is a cooperative dilemma: innovators produce knowledge at some cost, while others can copy them at less cost. ... 2014 The cultural evolution of technology. In Cultural evolution (eds PJ Richerson, MH Christiansen), pp. 119-142. Cambridge, ... 2011 Variable cultural acquisition costs constrain cumulative cultural evolution. PLoS ONE 6, e18239. (doi:10.1371/journal.pone ... 2004 Is human cultural evolution Darwinian? Evidence reviewed from the perspective of The Origin of Species. Evolution 58, 1-11 ...
It celebrated the senses, and sexuality, and the body, and earth. And delighted in a creation centred spirituality that saw ... or the developmental pathways that such collective cultural and social evolution might take. As always, the particular cultural ... to deny evolution in the human and cultural domain is to deny that learning occurs or can occur in collective consciousness ... FIGURE 2: Cultural development and the Integral principle of universal evolution. Referring to this concept of a tree of ...
Not only was the feeling new to me, but it also didnt make sense. Mourning left me depressed, unable to work, even unable to ... The Evolution of Grief, Both Biological and Cultural, in the 21st Century. ...
There may be domains in which it makes sense to accept information of not-so-great epistemic value. One such context would be ... Another assumption in most models of cultural evolution is that cultural patterns are, first and foremost, to be explained in ... Cultural evolution - The mystery of production. Alberto Acerbis book is not just an impressive and timely summary of our ... visual preferences and demographic change in cultural evolution. Evolution and Human Behavior, 34, 222-229. ...
Yet how far the analogy between cultural and genetic evolution should be... ... Cultural evolution studies are characterized by the notion that culture evolves accordingly to broadly Darwinian principles. ... In the rest of our paper we restrict cultural attraction to the narrow sense, because this seems to capture the genuine ... Cultural attraction Cultural attractors Cultural evolution Cultural transmission A comment to this article is available at http ...
We have a sense that a defect is a defect, that an error is an error.. In the Darwinian world, its all about selective ... Cultural production and reproduction replaced biological evolution.. There are a few assumptions in the idea that 1) there has ... BIOLOGICAL CELL AS A MODEL OF CULTURAL EVOLUTION. *Posted by Nold Egenter on June 4, 2009 at 4:30pm in Theory in Anthropology ... Cultural production and reproduction replaced biological evolution.. And yet, as any scientist may define a specific cell and ...
... but one that takes as its starting point the workings of the immune system as an analogy for cultural process. In that sense it ... Can cultural epidemiology explain the cultural evolution of monsters?. I would like to thank the ICCI team for inviting me to ... In the first part I will examine the extent to which cultural epidemiology can account for the cultural evolution of monsters. ... the cultural evolution of monsters still poses something of a challenge for cultural epidemiology. That biological monsters ...
... social and cultural adaptations. It explores human ecology in the broad sense, combining not just cultural and social ... ARCH3042 Ecology of human evolution: biological, social and cultural approaches to hominin adaptations.. Module Overview. This ... Dunbar, R. (2014). Human Evolution: A Pelican Introduction. Gamble C.S. (2007). Origins and revolutions: human identity in ... de Beaune, S.A., Coolidge, F.L. & T. Wynn (eds.) (2009). Cognitive Archaeology and Human Evolution. ...
In this sense, any small fluctuation in negative words owing to a particular historical event, or owing to the emergence of a ... Caldwell, CA and Millen, AE (2008) Experimental models for testing hypotheses about cumulative cultural evolution. Evolution ... to test whether cultural transmission biases derived from the cultural evolution literature can explain this trend towards ... Fessler, DMT, Pisor, AC and Navarrete, CD (2014) Negatively-biased credulity and the cultural evolution of beliefs. PLoS One 9( ...
Morgan TJ, Cross CP, Rendell LE (2015) Nothing in human behavior makes sense except in the light of culture: shared interests ... 2015). Importantly, cultural evolution theory offers an integrative approach to studying the dynamics of cultural change based ... The conditions for cultural group selection. The application of cultural evolution and multilevel selection to sustainability ... A brief background on cultural evolution. The idea that there are parallels between how cultural traits change and how ...
My personal sense is that the shit will hit the fan within my lifetime (so the next 20 - 30 years) and may happen sooner. A few ... While the pace of cultural evolution was much faster than that of biological evolution, major cultural innovations like the ... We didnt have to wait for biological evolution to slowly deliver improved organs; cultural evolution could rapidly supply new ... sped up cultural evolution to the point where disruptive cultural innovations began to be separated by mere decades, sometimes ...
MORRISON: Its changed because you have a sense in the leadership and in Pasadena itself that it cannot be a clique. It cant ... The Rose Parades Evolution Into A Cultural Event TweetShareGoogle+Email ... Los Angeles Times columnist Patt Morrison covered the event many times and wrote today: Its huge cultural shadow has been as ... And you can get as sense, when theyre stationary, of the scale. And as Carol was saying, people glue individual seeds, ...
Here, we investigated the effect of multilevel sociality on cumulative cultural evolution by using wireless sensing technology ... cultural evolution from level 1 to 3 is vertical and defines two independent trajectories A and B, while cultural evolution ... Demography and cultural evolution: How adaptive cultural processes can produce maladaptive losses: The Tasmanian case. Am. ... we demonstrate that multilevel sociality accelerates cultural differentiation and cumulative cultural evolution. Our results ...
... an increase in spiritual evolution, and a stronger sense of purpose in life due to their community college learning. A ... Evolution of the soul: the transformative connection between cultural consciousness, spirituality, and self-empowerment for ... Evolution of the soul: the transformative connection between cultural consciousness, spirituality, and self-empowerment for ... Each participant described experiencing: a life change through a major event or crisis, an increase in cultural consciousness, ...
... www.cultural-evolution.org/.. Their byline: "Nothing in politics makes sense except in the light of cultural evolution.". Their ... The Institute for Cultural Evolution is a non-profit social policy foundation or "think tank," which is now forming to apply ... We are seeking funding to work on the root of many of the cultural and political problems philanthropists seek to address, ... The Institute for Cultural Evolution has coughed up for a domain: http:// ...
Evolution of in-groups[edit]. Formation of cultural groups[edit]. Studies have shown that in-group favoritism arises ... This article is about the favoring of ones own groups behaviour and cognition in a strategic sense. For other phenomena ... Studies have shown that in-group favoritism arises as a result of the formation of cultural groups.[3][4] These cultural groups ... Cross-cultural studies have found that in-group derogation, the tendency to criticize members of ones own group or culture ...
Impact on human evolution[edit]. Cultural innovations[edit]. Uses of fire by early humans[edit]. The discovery of fire came to ... The discovery of the use of fire and the sharing of the benefits of the use of fire may have created a sense of sharing as a ... The control of fire by early humans was a turning point in the cultural aspect of human evolution. Fire provided a source of ... 4 Impact on human evolution *4.1 Cultural innovations *4.1.1 Uses of fire by early humans ...
Evolution, theory in biology postulating that the various types of plants, animals, and other living things on Earth have their ... history of Europe: The principle of evolution. More than that, evolution in the zoological sense of "descent with modification ... The cultural impact of evolutionary theory. Scientific acceptance and extension to other disciplines. The theory of evolution ... The science of evolution*The process of evolution*Evolution as a genetic function*The concept of natural selection ...
Evolution, theory in biology postulating that the various types of plants, animals, and other living things on Earth have their ... The cultural impact of evolutionary theory. Scientific acceptance and extension to other disciplines. The theory of evolution ... In the words of Theodosius Dobzhansky, "Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution." ... The science of evolution*The process of evolution*Evolution as a genetic function*The concept of natural selection ...
Any sense of tribal kinship is largely fictive. In a broad population with a high degree of genetic relationship, ones clan ... Testing For Cultural Group Selection. Handley and Mathew are among the first to systematically test the theory of cultural ... and some bio-cultural interaction is quite likely. But there is reason to believe that cultural identity is the primary object ... ethnic solidarity is the direct result of cultural group selection. They argue that the effects of cultural forces are far ...
Cultural evolution is the structural change of a society and its values over time. In this sense, it is the cultural equivalent ... "multilinear cultural evolution." Although theories of unilinear evolution has fallen out of favor, some cultural ... Unilineal Evolution. Theories of unilinear cultural evolution have their origin in the Enlightenment notion of progress. By the ... These conditions provided the context for new theories such as cultural relativism and "multilineal cultural evolution." ...
Every Dream Is a Prophecy: Rethinking Revitalization - Dreams, Prophets, and Routinized Cultural Evolution. Download PDF pp. ... these essays draw upon the power of cultural expression to illustrate active and ongoing senses of Anishinaabeg life. They are ... Examining a range of stories and storytellers across time and space, each contributor explores how narratives form a cultural, ... Oral stories are among humankinds oldest way of teaching, helping traditional societies make sense of things, giving meaning ...
It has the potential, like biological evolution, to be a mechanism underlying and connecting many fields of study. This short ... Cultural evolution represents an entire field of study. ... faster and more complex than genetic evolution and in a sense, ... Why Cultural Evolution Is Real (And What It Is). Cultural evolution represents an entire field of study. It has the potential, ... The Cultural Evolution of Massive Institutions. It is easy to see the processes of cultural evolution in the small scale, in ...
Cultural evolution changes bird song. January 29, 2013 Thanks to cultural evolution, male Savannah sparrows are changing their ... "Birdsong, in a sense, may act as a message in a bottle, indicating how a bird may be struggling in terms of communicating ... Researchers find evidence of independent evolution of female penis in cave insects. November 21, 2018 A team of researchers ... Yet humans and animals use similar cues to make sense of their acoustic ... ...
Making Sense of Common Sense. Reid Romans 1. Colors and Shapes. Just a Habit?. Are You Nobody?. Mere Chemistry?. Disinformation ... Evolution Gets Religion. Berkeley to the Rescue. Closed System, Closed Minds. Winning a Place at the Table. What Every ... Cultural Business Die Werbefibel zeigt Ihnen, wie Sie fast ohne Budget und Marketingwissen erfolgreich für Ihr Kulturprojekt ... Total Truth: Liberating Christianity from Its Cultural Captivity 4.5 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 4 reviews. ...
Yes, this is the derivative sense of "meme", but it still says something important about cultural evolution in the information ... Memetics Resources A collection of free publications online with in depth information on memetics and cultural evolution. ...
None of that baggage is compatible with my sense of how the cultural analogue to genes function, and much of it is harmful ... Categories Cultural Evolution 8 thoughts on "Terminology for Cultural Evolution: Coordinators and Phantasms" * Matthew ... And I think that most cultural evolution is more like that than like lactose intolerance. As an account of cultural evolution ... B&R just normally use the terms "cultural trait," "cultural variant" or "cultural variation" to describe cultural inheritance. ...
... for business or brand strategists to make sense of current techno-cultural developments without applying some kind of cultural ... Then and finally- came cultural insights and so-called cultural brand strategy in the US market with some early guerrilla ... Why should a client commission cultural consultancy if the cultural role (including the social and environmental impact) of a ... In just under fifteen years of specialising as a cultural critic, media consultant and decoder, brand anthropologist, cultural ...
  • I have regarded for quite some time that ever since culture expanded with the aid of language, or rather the development of language along with its structural physical changes to the brain, there has been little biological evolution in the homo genus. (ning.com)
  • Cultural production and reproduction replaced biological evolution. (ning.com)
  • There are a few assumptions in the idea that 1) there has been little biological development since the development of language/culture and 2) Cultural re/production replaced biological evolution. (ning.com)
  • But this approach, in its current form, offers no way of explaining why such images become stable and widespread only with the onset of urban life and state formation, beginning little more than six thousand years ago-a mere blink of the eye, on the timescale of biological evolution […]" (TOM, p. 88). (cognitionandculture.net)
  • While the pace of cultural evolution was much faster than that of biological evolution, major cultural innovations like the domestication of plants and animals, the creation of the first states, and the emergence of the earliest empires were still spaced thousands of years apart. (thestandard.org.nz)
  • Biological evolution is a process of descent with modification. (britannica.com)
  • Beginning in the 1960s, a related scientific discipline , molecular biology , enormously advanced knowledge of biological evolution and made it possible to investigate detailed problems that had seemed completely out of reach only a short time previously-for example, how similar the gene s of humans and chimpanzees might be (they differ in about 1-2 percent of the units that make up the genes). (britannica.com)
  • Darwin and other 19th-century biologists found compelling evidence for biological evolution in the comparative study of living organisms, in their geographic distribution, and in the fossil remains of extinct organisms. (britannica.com)
  • In this sense, it is the cultural equivalent of biological evolution , though the causal mechanisms can be different. (academickids.com)
  • It has the potential, like biological evolution, to be a mechanism underlying and connecting many fields of study. (carcinisation.com)
  • While Gray is correct that cultural evolution does not have human well-being as its goal any more than biological evolution does, he is wrong to deny the existence of cultural evolution, particularly on the grounds that there is "no mechanism" by which cultural evolution can be demonstrated to occur. (carcinisation.com)
  • Equating evolutionism with fixed stages is a very puzzling approach for evolutionary scientists, like me, whose training was in biological evolution. (peterturchin.com)
  • Biologists have long ago converged on a standard definition of biological evolution. (peterturchin.com)
  • Analogies are often drawn between biological evolution and 'social' or 'cultural' evolution. (gnxp.com)
  • There appears to be nothing in cultural transmission closely analogous to the 'randomising' features of biological heredity, which are important for biological evolution. (gnxp.com)
  • Over tens of thousands of years, new social roles-notably spouse, father, in-laws, and grandparents-have co-evolved with new technologies and symbolic meanings to produce the human species, in the absence of significant biological evolution. (ucpress.edu)
  • First there was biological evolution, then humans arrived on the scene with big brains and the ability to learn and communicate, and culture was born-right? (dana.org)
  • Some have suggested "conscious cultural-evolution" as a more accurate term, to reduce association with standard biological evolution, though this is not widely applied. (wikipedia.org)
  • Biological evolution happens very slowly. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • In biological evolution, we wait for gene mutations. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • This article is about the favoring of one's own group's behaviour and cognition in a strategic sense. (wikipedia.org)
  • This course will offer students an overview of key theoretical approaches and debates concerning the relations between cognition and culture as they are related to evolution. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Mesoudi reviews the history of the field, from the rise and fall of human sociobiology in the 1970s to the birth of evolutionary psychology in the 1980s, and the gradual but consistent waxing of lesser-known disciplines such as cognitive anthropology and human behavioral ecology (out of which comes cultural evolution). (gnxp.com)
  • Overall, I suggest the usefulness of a "long view" to our contemporary digital environment, contextualized in cognitive science and cultural evolution theory, and I discuss how this perspective could help us to understand what is genuinely new and what is not. (frontiersin.org)
  • One of its biggest advantages in my eyes is that it combines different perspectives-cognitive science, archeology and history-in the search for an explanation of the cultural evolution of particular cultural representations: monsters (also known as composites). (cognitionandculture.net)
  • In particular, I will discuss some claims that Wengrow has put forward in regard to cultural epidemiology as a cognitive approach to culture in general, and the way he has adapted this approach to the particular study of composites. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • Wengrow characterizes cultural epidemiology as the study of how evolved cognitive dispositions and constraints account for the stability and distribution of cultural representations in a population (TOM, p. 3, p. 20). (cognitionandculture.net)
  • In particular, the author focuses on the ways in which the epidemiology of representations explains how macro-level cultural phenomena are informed by modular cognitive systems (TOM, p. 21). (cognitionandculture.net)
  • Based on standard assumptions of cultural epidemiology, he then claims that such concepts should be universally catchy to human minds and should enjoy a cognitive advantage in the process of cultural transmission (TOM, p. 50). (cognitionandculture.net)
  • The author proposes that various non-cognitive factors (such as the invention of a technology of mechanical reproduction, along with specific cultural, institutional and political components of the first states) may have been relevant for the cultural spread of composites in this period. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • As he writes: "It implies a strong element of redundancy-a kind of superfluous cultural prosthesis to cognitive predispositions that are already biased towards the reception of such images" (TOM, p. 80). (cognitionandculture.net)
  • Their impressive transmission across cultural boundaries […] is consistent with the expectations of an "epidemiological" approach to the spread of culture, which would accord them a special kind of cognitive catchiness. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • We lay out three potential explanations for bloodletting's cultural success: that it was efficient, that it was defended by prestigious sources-in particular ancient physicians-, and that cognitive mechanisms made it a particularly attractive practice. (claidiere.fr)
  • Memetics Resources A collection of free publications online with in depth information on memetics and cultural evolution. (atheistnexus.org)
  • It's clear that one problem I have with Dennett's memetics is this his conception face-to-face mechanisms of cultural evolution - like the transfer of information from one computer to another - seems rather thin, unrealistically so. (replicatedtypo.com)
  • Consciousness (in human brains) can therefore be simultaneously conscious of evolution (working in this case upon memes) while consciously manipulating its own memetics, in order to influence its own evolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evolution (in the sense of its impact upon memetics) is therefore increasingly a subject of knowledge, rather than an unknown pressure operating on the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • What I hope to show in the following is that the basic principles of Integral philosophy itself, when applied consistently to the issue of sociocultural evolution, raise some serious concerns regarding the assessment and ranking of cultures on global unidimensional scales of development, irrespective of how universal or cross-culturally valid those scales may be. (integralworld.net)
  • Evolutionary studies of the society have been called a variety of names: Sociocultural Evolution, Social Evolution, Sociobiology, Evolutionary Psychology, and even Social Darwinism (the last one is now a thoroughly discredited theory, which was used especially in the late nineteenth century to justify racism, imperialism, Nazism, and a number of other unpleasant ideologies). (peterturchin.com)
  • To many social scientists (including, most notably, social anthropologists), sociocultural evolution implies some kind of a theory of social progress, which often assumes that human societies pass through a set of well-defined stages. (peterturchin.com)
  • For example, one of the earliest proponents of sociocultural evolution, the American anthropologist Lewis H. Morgan (1818-1881), proposed that societies develop through three stages: from 'savagery' to 'barbarism' and finally to 'civilization. (peterturchin.com)
  • This view of sociocultural evolution divides all societies into four stages: savage, barbarous, half-civilized, and civilized. (peterturchin.com)
  • Sociocultural evolution, sociocultural evolutionism or cultural evolution are theories of sociobiology and cultural evolution that describe how societies and culture change over time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Whereas sociocultural development traces processes that tend to increase the complexity of a society or culture, sociocultural evolution also considers process that can lead to decreases in complexity (degeneration) or that can produce variation or proliferation without any seemingly significant changes in complexity (cladogenesis). (wikipedia.org)
  • Some forms of early sociocultural evolution theories (mainly unilineal ones) have led to much-criticised theories like social Darwinism and scientific racism, sometimes used in the past by European imperial powers to justify existing policies of colonialism and slavery and to justify new policies such as eugenics. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this review I propose that cultural evolution theory, including both a sophisticated view of human behavior and a methodological attitude to modeling and quantitative analysis, provides a useful framework to study the effects and the developments of media in the digital age. (frontiersin.org)
  • I will first give a general presentation of the cultural evolution framework, and I will then introduce this more specific research program with two illustrative topics. (frontiersin.org)
  • Here, I will not attempt a review of the existing literature, but I will propose that a specific scientific field, cultural evolution, could provide a suitable framework to analyse how the massive diffusion of digital media influences human cultural behavior. (frontiersin.org)
  • The study of cultural evolution seeks to explain the diversity of human behavior observed worldwide and offers a mechanistic, causal framework for understanding changes in socially learned norms, values, and institutions (Richerson and Boyd 2005 ). (springer.com)
  • The cultural multilevel selection (CMLS) framework recognizes the potential for evolutionary pressures to operate on multiple scales simultaneously. (springer.com)
  • Although theories of unilinear evolution has fallen out of favor, some cultural anthropologists and many archeologists still work within the framework of multilineal evolution. (academickids.com)
  • Right now I am struggling with trying to explain why this question is best answered within the framework of Cultural Evolution. (peterturchin.com)
  • Most archaeologists work within the framework of multilineal evolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the process, he situates human evolution within a general anthropological framework and presents it as a special case of kinship and mythology. (ucpress.edu)
  • Our motivation is to produce empirical evidence for this new cultural framework and use the framework to explain cultural differences in interdependent social interactions such as negotiation. (cambridge.org)
  • In Study 2, which uses a sample of participants from 26 cultures, we show that the measurement model discriminates among people from the three cultural regions corresponding to the dignity, face, and honor framework. (cambridge.org)
  • Between randomness and routine lie the good stories, whose surprising moments make sense in retrospect, in the framework provided by the unsurprising moments. (edge.org)
  • i can mail it to you, no charge hehehe) The base idea is that human behavior, even though pre-determined like the the behavior of complex systems, cannot be predicted due to the amount of variables that have to be taken into account in its construction, whether these be biological, cultural or environmental variables! (ning.com)
  • Furthermore, there is a great deal of nonhuman animal behavior that suggests that various types of communication -- linguistic or pre-linguistic and otherwise -- and empathic relationships (and is emotion cultural or biological? (ning.com)
  • These cultural advancements allowed for human geographic dispersal, cultural innovations, and changes to diet and behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cross Cultural Consumer Behavior: An International Perceptive in Consumer Behavior PSY/322 February 24, 2014 Susan Rusnak Cross Cultural Consumer Behavior: An International Perceptive in Consumer Behavior Case Studies This study emphasizes cultural differences of consumer behavior in the international market place. (majortests.com)
  • Evolution and Human Behavior. (claidiere.fr)
  • Therefore, with Fiona Jordan , we are organising a meeting at EHBEA 2014 (the European Human Behavior and Evolution Association Conference, which will be held in Bristol from 6 to 9 April, and which is with no doubts a cultural evolution-friendly conference) to discuss about this project, and possibly to start to do something concrete in this direction. (acerbialberto.com)
  • If culture is the transmission of behavior through social learning, then we find cultural evolution in guppies and pigeons, rats and chimpanzees. (dana.org)
  • When we delve into guppy mate choice, rat diets, and chimp rain dances, we begin to fathom another form of evolution-one full of insights for understanding our own behavior. (dana.org)
  • In Culture and the Evolutionary Process (University of Chicago, 1985), Robert Boyd and Peter Richerson, two theoreticians of cultural evolution, note that biologists and anthropologists often ask: "Why not simply treat culture as a …response to environmental variation in which the 'environment' is the behavior of conspecifics [fellow members of a species]? (dana.org)
  • Considering the close relation between language and theory of mind in development and their tight connection in social behavior, it is no big leap to claim that the two capacities have been related in evolution as well. (cogprints.org)
  • 2020. Rapid evolution by sexual selection in an invasive mammal. (cuny.edu)
  • In the mid-1900s, biologists updated Darwin's theory of evolution with new insights from genetics and other fields. (theatlantic.com)
  • However, our sudden access to the storable, portable, and concentrated energy of fossil fuels, starting roughly in the 19th century, sped up cultural evolution to the point where disruptive cultural innovations began to be separated by mere decades, sometimes just years. (thestandard.org.nz)
  • The 19th-century English naturalist Charles Darwin argued that organisms come about by evolution, and he provided a scientific explanation , essentially correct but incomplete, of how evolution occurs and why it is that organisms have features-such as wings, eyes, and kidneys-clearly structured to serve specific functions. (britannica.com)
  • Most of the 19th-century and some 20th-century approaches to socioculture aimed to provide models for the evolution of humankind as a whole, arguing that different societies have reached different stages of social development. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most 19th-century and some 20th-century approaches aimed to provide models for the evolution of humankind as a single entity. (wikipedia.org)
  • The realization that cultural and social evolution can be guided through conscious decisions has been in increasing evidence since approximately the mid-19th century, when the rate of change globally began to increase dramatically. (wikipedia.org)
  • Today, a leading front-runner for the key to human success is cumulative culture, or cumulative cultural evolution (CCE). (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Even then there was evidence for both social learning and cultural traditions in non-human species, and this evidence has amassed in the years since. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • For quite some time there is a tremendous nuisance in my mind: Could there be a similar transitional condition in the concept of human cultural evolution? (ning.com)
  • Wengrow points out that a role for such factors in the cultural success of composites is not something one would expect under the assumption that the human mind is naturally receptive to counterfactual creatures, and that this therefore poses a puzzle for cultural epidemiology. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • Ecology of human evolution: biological, social and cultural approaches to hominin adaptations. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • This module explores human evolution in terms of physiological, social and cultural adaptations. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • It explores human ecology in the broad sense, combining not just cultural and social variability, but also physiological adaptations in past and present-day hunter-gatherers and great apes. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • This module will combine approaches from human origins and biological anthropological research to evaluate how we can reconstruct the ecologies (in the broad sense) of hominins. (southampton.ac.uk)
  • The multiple disciplines that comprise the social sciences and humanities have different and, often competing, theories of cultural change that operate at multiple levels of human organization. (springer.com)
  • Evolution has found many ways of preventing power from overrunning environmental limits, and human societies have evolved ways of reining in bullies and limiting extreme economic and social inequality. (thestandard.org.nz)
  • The Institute for Cultural Evolution is a non-profit social policy foundation or "think tank," which is now forming to apply recent breakthroughs in the understanding of how human society develops. (blogspot.com)
  • The control of fire by early humans was a turning point in the cultural aspect of human evolution . (wikipedia.org)
  • For a discussion of human evolution, see the article human evolution . (britannica.com)
  • For a more complete treatment of a discipline that has proved essential to the study of evolution, see the articles genetics, human and heredity . (britannica.com)
  • Cultural anthropologists and sociologists assume that human beings have natural social tendencies and naturally form shifting groups. (academickids.com)
  • Ever since I first thought about cultural evolution as a process of "blind variation and selective retention" (in Donald Campbell's formulation) I figured that the selecting was being done by groups of human beings and therefore that the environment of cultural evolutionary adaptedness had to be something like a "group mind. (replicatedtypo.com)
  • Both physical and behavioural evolution will be outlined, in addition to evolutionary theories trying to explain why, how and when specific human behaviours emerged. (elte.hu)
  • We will describe basic concepts of mating systems, and will show ways of understanding human mating systems as a function of ecological and cultural factors. (elte.hu)
  • Currently we are 23 researchers working on a broad range of topics including natural history, urban ecology, bird nest evolution, bird egg color, bird hyoid (tongue bone) evolution, African ethnobotany, social learning, public understanding of evolution, and cultural evolution in bird song and human music. (cuny.edu)
  • The secret of our success: How culture is driving human evolution, domesticating our species, and making us smarter. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Not by Genes Alone: How culture transformed human evolution. (lse.ac.uk)
  • What do we think about when we think about human evolution? (ucpress.edu)
  • With his characteristic wit and wisdom, anthropologist Jonathan Marks explores our scientific narrative of human origins-the study of evolution-and examines its cultural elements and theoretical foundations. (ucpress.edu)
  • Tales of the Ex-Apes argues that human evolution has incorporated the emergence of social relations and cultural histories that are unprecedented in the apes and thus cannot be reduced to purely biological properties and processes. (ucpress.edu)
  • Marks shows that human evolution has involved the transformation from biological to biocultural evolution. (ucpress.edu)
  • In this essay the word "cultural" covers the subjective aspects of human existence, and although objective, scientific thought is a product of culture (in its broadest sense), I view it as being a step beyond the basic cultural mentality. (google.com)
  • Radical in the sense of going to the root of human social life: kinship and community. (counterpunch.org)
  • Conscious evolution refers to the theoretical ability of human beings to be conscious participants in the evolution of their cultures, or even of the entirety of human society, based on a relatively recent combination of factors, including increasing awareness of cultural and social patterns, reaction against perceived problems with existing patterns, injustices, inequities, and other factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of this, humanity has the potential to deliberately and consciously redesign our societies and redirect human cultural evolution in line with the arrow of evolution, thus increasing our chances of survival. (wikipedia.org)
  • there is a particular sort of understanding that is used to make sense of narratives about human agents. (edge.org)
  • Our human constitution and our senses have been fully adjusted to it. (nextnature.net)
  • For ten thousands of years, human development was confined to the snail`s pace of genetic evolution and we took no advantage from the numerous things we learned throughout our lives. (nextnature.net)
  • The mouse gene in a human may, in some senses, have the same function as the gene does in the mouse. (behavior.net)
  • He asks five other straightforward questions about evolution - laying out for the general public the most commonly discussed topics surrounding how human life came to be. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • The core of the Geography Track centers around the three broad areas of the discipline: human geography (GGY2000, Cultural Geography), physical geography (GGY2460, Weather and Climate), and geospatial technologies (GGY 2500, Introduction to Cartography). (uncp.edu)
  • In recent years, the phenomenon of cumulative cultural evolution (CCE) has become the focus of major research interest in biology, psychology and anthropology. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • There is a lot of literature out there now that takes apart the biology/culture distinction -- and I think any discussion of evolution has to question this. (ning.com)
  • Evolution , theory in biology postulating that the various types of plants, animals, and other living things on Earth have their origin in other preexisting types and that the distinguishable differences are due to modifications in successive generations. (britannica.com)
  • Mason was interviewed for a New York Times article on bird song cultural evolution that has recently come out in Current Biology . (cuny.edu)
  • This course is for students with a passion for biology, who wish to be trained in cuttng-edge quantitative techniques in ecology, evolution and conservation. (imperial.ac.uk)
  • The Harvard team is calling their analysis ' culturomics ' based on the notion that culture 'is something you can study like evolution in biology,' says Jean-Baptiste Michel , a postdoctoral researcher in Harvard's psychology department and in the Program for Evolutionary Dynamics, who helped lead the charge with Aiden. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The tool will be 'like biology in the sense that you can formulate questions that are quantitative, and you can obtain quantitative answers to them,' Aiden says. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Today, then, evolution is a term that is not restricted to biology. (spaceandmotion.com)
  • In teaching about evolutionary biology, it does not make sense to give equal weight to religious texts. (vancouversun.com)
  • Whatever political goals it is used to promote, the idea of cultural evolution is not much more than a misleading metaphor….Memes are just a pseudo-scientific way of talking about ideas, not actually existing physical entities. (carcinisation.com)
  • The question of the cultural phenotype] is as difficult, obscure, and contentious as the nature of memes. (replicatedtypo.com)
  • Dawkins proposed that memes are cultural equivalents of genes-self-replicating units of cultural transmission. (peterturchin.com)
  • Cultural traits, however, are a more general category than memes, because they also include quantitative traits that cannot be easily represented as discrete alternatives (for example, an inclination to trust strangers, which I will discuss in tomorrow's blog). (peterturchin.com)
  • In these situations the mutating replicators of evolution can be considered memes (theoretical units of cultural information) rather than genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cultural evolution also refers to different theories that describe and explain such changes - theories have been both promoted and criticized by anthropologists . (academickids.com)
  • Today anthropologists distinguish between "unilinear cultural evolution" (or " social evolutionism ") and "multilinear cultural evolution. (academickids.com)
  • Others proposed more sophisticated schemes, but the majority of anthropologists today are united in their rejection of such 'stadial' theories of social evolution (and rightly so). (peterturchin.com)
  • Most[quantify] modern archaeologists and cultural anthropologists work within the frameworks of neoevolutionism, sociobiology, and modernization theory. (wikipedia.org)
  • 793 individuals were interviewed from 9 different clans within these broader groups to identify the contours of their cultural differences. (evolution-institute.org)
  • Of these, the greatest differences were related to raiding and cultural markers-especially codes of conduct relating to cattle-rustling. (evolution-institute.org)
  • As the "cultural evolution" term has become more popular in modern times, we have less emphasis on the nuts and bolts of how cultural recombination and mutation work, and a lot of confusion about alleged differences between cultural and organic evolution. (acerbialberto.com)
  • Specific theories of social or cultural evolution often attempt to explain differences between coeval societies by positing that different societies have reached different stages of development. (wikipedia.org)
  • In particular, we report differences between face and honor cultures, which are not distinguished in other cultural frameworks (e.g. (cambridge.org)
  • We also show that the measurement model accounts for cultural differences in norms for use of negotiation strategy. (cambridge.org)
  • Alex Mesoudi, a scholar in the field of cultural evolution, is publishing book chapters as preprints. (gnxp.com)
  • Inspired by pre-existing population genetics tools, the mathematical models of cultural dynamics developed by Cavalli-Sforza and Feldman ( 1981 ) and Boyd and Richerson ( 1985 ) first established that cultural change can be modelled as an evolutionary process yet one that is not slavishly identical in its details to genetic evolution. (springer.com)
  • Popular music offers a rich source of data that provides insights into long-term cultural evolutionary dynamics. (cambridge.org)
  • 2015 ). Importantly, cultural evolution theory offers an integrative approach to studying the dynamics of cultural change based on causal models of the mechanisms through which individual and population processes interact. (springer.com)
  • Currently, however, the dynamics of cultural change are not well understood in the context of sustainability. (springer.com)
  • An initial survey identified variations on norms regarding cattle-raiding, cultural markers, cooperation, family dynamics, and crime and punishment. (evolution-institute.org)
  • Thus we can speak of any particular culture as the product of learning by observing, and speak of the long-term dynamics of culture in a particular population as "cultural evolution. (dana.org)
  • The findings are discussed in terms of global properties and dynamics of collective systems when constrained by different types of cultural practices. (frontiersin.org)
  • The idea of conscious evolution is not a specific theory, but it has loose connections to integral theory, General Evolutionary Theory (also known as Evolutionary Systems Theory), Spiral Dynamics, and noosphere thought. (wikipedia.org)
  • The idea of modeling cultural evolution properly started with Culture and the evolutionary process (Boyd & Richerson, 1985) a very impressive exploration of the many ways in which importing tools from population genetics could clarify issues of "culture", that is, population level patterns of information transmission. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • It seems that Gray did not, in the four years between the two essays, find time to learn more about cultural evolution, such as by reading the paper Matt Ridley linked in his reply to Gray's review, Five misunderstandings about cultural evolution by Henrich, Boyd, and Richerson. (carcinisation.com)
  • Here we present a different view on behavioural evolution in humans. (elte.hu)
  • Consciousness itself (in humans' brains) can therefore be said to have agency over its own evolution, because memetic usage influences evolutionary success. (wikipedia.org)
  • Evolution is also something humans are conscious of. (wikipedia.org)
  • The central objective is to achieve a globally sustainable future by developing the idea that humans can guide evolution, now that we are conscious of it (evolutionary consciousness). (wikipedia.org)
  • Darwinian Evolution tells us that Evolution must have existed before Humans evolved / existed. (spaceandmotion.com)
  • With its emphasis on humans having to rely on ourselves and each other, it motivates us to live with a sense of interdependent humanistic purpose. (blogs.com)
  • For evolutionary biologists and behavioral ecologists, however, culture is important only as the result of a process: the process of cultural transmission . (dana.org)
  • The book provided a fairly exhaustive survey of the various ways in which the selection of information could affect cultural patterns, including though drift, guided transmission, direct bias, etc. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • That is an important development because, for a long time, the assumption of domain-generality hampered our understanding of cultural patterns in many domains. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • Another assumption in most models of cultural evolution is that cultural patterns are, first and foremost, to be explained in terms of consumption. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • Migratory Patterns of Cultural Tales. (blogspot.com)
  • The Industrial Revolution, reactions against the effects of the Industrial Revolution, the emergence of new sciences such as psychology, anthropology, and sociology, the revolution in global communication, the interaction of diverse cultures through transportation and colonization, anti-slavery and suffrage movements, and increasing lifespan all would contribute to the growing awareness of social and cultural patterns as being potentially subject to conscious evolution. (wikipedia.org)
  • One possibility is that the only patterns to be found in cultural evolution defy scientific explanation. (edge.org)
  • It is only recently that cultural evolution has started to include the rich domain-specific psychology in formal approaches to diffusion, see, e.g. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • We first clarify the respective positions, noting that there is in fact no substantive incompatibility between cultural attraction and standard cultural evolution approaches, beyond a difference in focus. (springer.com)
  • Even though American corporations have been the engine of globalism that has necessitated more "cultural" approaches to global mega-branding in order to contextualise American multinational brands in new regions, numbers-first thinking and geographic isolation made most American clients slow to comprehend the power and importance of cultural literacy for brands. (esomar.org)
  • However, most 20th-century approaches, such as multilineal evolution, focused on changes specific to individual societies. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, evolutionary approaches to cultural transmission [ 16 , 17 ] have led to the plausible conclusion that a variety of selection principles are likely to bias children to learn from particular models or informants. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • The theory of evolution is one of the fundamental keystones of modern biological theory. (britannica.com)
  • Genetics , a science born in the 20th century, reveals in detail how natural selection works and led to the development of the modern theory of evolution. (britannica.com)
  • centre of the theory of evolution as proposed by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russell Wallace were the concepts of variation and natural selection. (britannica.com)
  • Unfortunately, certain kinds of cultural evolutionary theory (mainly unilineal) have also been used in the past to justify forms of Scientific racism , including policies of Colonialism , Slavery , and Eugenics . (academickids.com)
  • I have simply assigned an existing theoretical entity to a role in a different theory, that of cultural evolution. (replicatedtypo.com)
  • The most comprehensive attempt to develop a general theory of social evolution centering on the development of sociocultural systems, the work of Talcott Parsons (1902-1979), operated on a scale which included a theory of world history. (wikipedia.org)
  • It will do so via a consideration of a range of empirical domains, such as categorisation, theory of mind, sense of self and religion. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Part 3, "Integrative Cultural Models of Gender and Rape," offers alternative models of rape, which incorporate psychology and cultural systems, as well as a broader interpretation of evolutionary theory. (booktopia.com.au)
  • To model this co-evolution, we must distinguish between different stages or levels of language and theory of mind, which fueled each other's evolution in a protracted escalation process. (cogprints.org)
  • The evolution of a theory of mind. (cogprints.org)
  • in other senses, it asserts one or another controversial, speculative, unconfirmed theory of culture. (edge.org)
  • Charles Darwin's Theory of Evolution is correct in the limited sense of life (plants, animals, fungi, etc.) but it exists without Metaphysical foundations. (spaceandmotion.com)
  • The Theory of Evolution does not explain what life is, how life exists as matter in Space, how life interacts with other life and matter at a distance in Space throughout the Universe, how life reproduces, and how this caused life to evolve and adapt. (spaceandmotion.com)
  • Only True Knowledge of Reality can provide this metaphysical foundation for Darwin's Theory of Evolution. (spaceandmotion.com)
  • You write that evolution is a theory but that it is also a fact. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • Normatively Speaking: Do Cultural Norms Influence Negotiation, Conflict Management, and Communication? (cambridge.org)
  • Cultural evolution studies are characterized by the notion that culture evolves accordingly to broadly Darwinian principles. (springer.com)
  • I would argue that in order to discuss evolution it is necessary to question the categories we consider basic, which themselves are rooted in a certain history, culture, and language. (ning.com)
  • Then and finally- came cultural insights and so-called cultural brand strategy in the US market with some early guerrilla marketing tactics and risk-takers like Crispin Porter or W&K which brought "Culture" out of the strategic planning closet, albeit what amounts to a teenage boy version of it. (esomar.org)
  • The specific form taken by the culture of a society is only very loosely constrained, if at all, by the genetic basis, as cultural traits can be abandoned or modified almost without limit during the lifetime of an individual. (gnxp.com)
  • In culture, by contrast, even if social groups may sometimes in a loose sense reproduce (e.g. by forming colonies), the rate of 'reproduction' is very low, and has little variance. (gnxp.com)
  • Marks's book is a wise and witty analysis of how science and culture are inextricably intertwined as we compose and narrate the science of who we are and where we came from, and it permits us to make just a bit more sense of the science. (ucpress.edu)
  • In the everyday sense, culture might mean going to the opera or using your knife and fork correctly. (dana.org)
  • Conscious evolution suggests that now that humanity is conscious of its history and of how things evolve (evolutionary consciousness), and given the rapid pace of change in society and culture, humanity can (and should) choose advancement through co-operation, co-creation and sustainable practices over self-destruction through separateness, competition, and ecological devastation. (wikipedia.org)
  • In its original sense, a meme is a piece of knowledge that spreads from person to person within a culture. (infoq.com)
  • Consider a cultural inventory of some culture at some time--say 1900AD. (edge.org)
  • The rate of biological adaption versus the rate of culture evolution - it is not comparable. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • [3] [4] These cultural groups can be divided based on seemingly trivial observable traits, but with time, populations grow to associate certain traits with certain behaviour, increasing covariation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Similarly, nothing prevents us from defining cultural evolution as the study of how and why the frequencies of cultural traits change with time. (peterturchin.com)
  • The process of transmitting cultural traits is also quite different from that of gene replication. (peterturchin.com)
  • In contrast, cultural traits can be transmitted between any number of biologically unrelated individuals - even (by means of writing and other media) between people widely separated in time and space. (gnxp.com)
  • 2. With unimportant exceptions, biological heredity cannot transmit traits acquired during the lifetime of the individual, whereas cultural transmission frequently does. (gnxp.com)
  • 6. Cultural traits are often specific to certain ethnic or social groups. (gnxp.com)
  • It is true that some cultural traits are incompatible with others - you cannot be a Muslim and a Roman Catholic - but this is probably the exception rather than the rule. (gnxp.com)
  • As Spencer put it: "there are not several kinds of Evolution having certain traits in common, but one Evolution going on everywhere after the same manner. (acerbialberto.com)
  • This is in contrast to the shift away from analysis to interpretation and description in much of cultural anthropology across the same time period, with the ultimate secession of much of the field from "science. (gnxp.com)
  • It makes sense that anthropology would be the first academic discipline in which women would occupy leading roles: Consider Margaret Mead, Ruth Benedict, Zora Neale Hurston. (counterpunch.org)
  • From 1994 to 1997 Veronica conducted research at Oxford's Environmental Change Institute, while also teaching at the Pitt Rivers Museum and the Institute of Social and Cultural Anthropology. (dur.ac.uk)
  • This is because, although evolved genetic mechanisms, ecological processes, and socio-cultural mechanisms all influence resource use, social conditions often change more quickly than ecological conditions and cultural evolution is more rapid than genetic evolution (Perreault 2012 ). (springer.com)
  • By focusing on applications of cultural evolution, we view this special issue as a starting point for determining how we can harness processes of cultural change (Wilson et al. (springer.com)
  • The course is therefore suitable for students enrolled in other programmes who wish to enrich their understanding by drawing on detailed understanding of the psychological and cultural processes that underpin thought and behaviour, and to locate them in an evolutionary setting. (lse.ac.uk)
  • This highlights the distinction between our interpretation of behaviors in the context of our cultural life and the psychoneural and physioneural (organismal) processes that give rise to them. (google.com)
  • Papers present new field data from key excavation sites or localities aimed at understanding interregional processes, major cultural changes, and transitions in Africa's past, and Africa's place in world archaeology. (springer.com)
  • This results in Integral philosophy's tendency to uncritically rank the developmental attainment of various cultures and societies while remaining largely silent on matters of social and cultural justice for indigenous populations. (integralworld.net)
  • The first topic concerns how cultural transmission biases, that is, simple heuristics such as "copy prestigious individuals" or "copy the majority," operate in the novel context of digital media. (frontiersin.org)
  • The second aspect relates to fidelity of cultural transmission. (frontiersin.org)
  • Alberto Acerbi's book is not just an impressive and timely summary of our knowledge of cultural transmission in the digital world (that in itself would be a good reason to read it). (cognitionandculture.net)
  • It also replaces issues of digital transmission in the broader perspective of theories of cultural evolution. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • The other point is that models of cultural transmission are overly focused on consumption instead of production. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • Here, we examine a recent disagreement that concerns the extent to which cultural transmission should be considered a preservative mechanism allowing selection among different variants, or a transformative process in which individuals recreate variants each time they are transmitted. (springer.com)
  • Whether cultural transmission should be considered a preservative or reconstructive process is ultimately an empirical question, and we examine how both preservative and reconstructive cultural transmission has been studied in recent experimental research in cultural evolution. (springer.com)
  • A full-blown version of this argument is also put forward elsewhere in the book: "The distribution of composite figures in the visual record raises a number of intriguing problems for the study of cultural transmission, for which only partial and unsatisfactory solutions have so far been offered. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • Here we use two large datasets containing lyrics from n = 4913 and n = 159,015 pop songs respectively and spanning 1965-2015, to test whether cultural transmission biases derived from the cultural evolution literature can explain this trend towards emotional negativity. (cambridge.org)
  • Our results suggest that hunter-gatherer social structures [based on (i) clustering of families within camps and camps within regions, (ii) cultural transmission within kinship networks, and (iii) high intercamp mobility] may have allowed past and present hunter-gatherers to maintain cumulative cultural adaptation despite low population density, a feature that may have been critical in facilitating the global expansion of Homo sapiens . (sciencemag.org)
  • Cultural transmission and evolution: a strength pulmonary dysfunction. (commission4mission.org)
  • Does cultural transmission affect mate choice in other creatures, as well? (dana.org)
  • If so, we may need to rethink what we mean by cultural transmission and re-evaluate its power in the natural world. (dana.org)
  • A simple, well-accepted biological and psychological definition of cultural transmission is the process whereby individuals learn in a special way: by observing others. (dana.org)
  • This would reduce cultural transmission to just another means by which organisms adapt to the environment. (dana.org)
  • why all the attention on social learning and cultural transmission? (dana.org)
  • I believe that in doing so it sets a standard for high-quality interdisciplinary studies in the area of cultural evolution. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • Some months ago I wrote a post mentioning the difficulties that, at times, people working in the interdisciplinary field of "cultural evolution" may face in order to find an appropriate scientific journal to submit their research. (acerbialberto.com)
  • This research demonstrates the potential of combining different methodologies-review of anthropological data, experiments, and modeling-to investigate cultural phenomena. (claidiere.fr)
  • From natural phenomena to cultural lanscapes, Geography provides a context within which students can gain an understanding of the world around us. (uncp.edu)
  • We present an integrative approach to behaviour by discussing the importance of studying function, mechanism, development and evolution of behaviour in parallel. (elte.hu)
  • Each participant described experiencing: a life change through a major event or crisis, an increase in cultural consciousness, an increase in spiritual evolution, and a stronger sense of purpose in life due to their community college learning. (uncg.edu)
  • How engrained has Einstein really been in the cultural consciousness? (scientificamerican.com)
  • While earlier authors such as Montaigne discussed how societies change through time, it was truly the Scottish Enlightenment which proved key in the development of cultural evolution. (academickids.com)
  • Especially in traditional societies, Jews typically looked very different from non-Jews and had a strong sense of being separate (see here) . (theoccidentalobserver.net)
  • As the readers of this blog know, one of the central directions in my research has been understanding the evolution of large-scale, complex societies. (peterturchin.com)
  • Language was a key behaviour to have in order for cultural evolution to occur. (google.com)
  • Ultimately, cultural behaviour must have some genetic basis, but this may be of a general, species-wide kind. (gnxp.com)
  • What is cumulative cultural evolution? (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Here, we investigated the effect of multilevel sociality on cumulative cultural evolution by using wireless sensing technology to map inter- and intraband social networks among Agta hunter-gatherers. (sciencemag.org)
  • By simulating the accumulation of cultural innovations over the real Agta multicamp networks, we demonstrate that multilevel sociality accelerates cultural differentiation and cumulative cultural evolution. (sciencemag.org)
  • Yet how far the analogy between cultural and genetic evolution should be pushed is open to debate. (springer.com)
  • Continuing on Charles Darwin's genetic evolution [3], zoologist Dawkins concluded that replication also happens in cultural evolution, yet in a different sense. (nextnature.net)
  • The phenotypic role in music's evolution is played by performance level attractors. (replicatedtypo.com)
  • Despite ecological and socio-political misfortunes, mankind has become a dominant species on Earth, with a major impact on the biosphere, and also great opportunities to redirect evolution. (countercurrents.org)
  • To play Devil's advocate, "cultural evolution" rather implies that evolution works differently in the cultural realm. (acerbialberto.com)
  • Examining a range of stories and storytellers across time and space, each contributor explores how narratives form a cultural, political, and historical foundation for Anishinaabeg Studies. (jhu.edu)
  • One is the fairly familiar point that cultural evolution without a rich psychology is not a great proposition. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • In cross-cultural psychology, we often use factor analysis (or principal component analysis) to examine the factor structure of an instrument. (mindcultureevolution.com)
  • 2007). Handbook of Cultural Psychology . (lse.ac.uk)
  • The social and cultural psychology of honour: What have we learned from researching honour in Turkey? (cambridge.org)
  • Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 50, Issue. (cambridge.org)
  • Does Self-Support Make Sense as an Investigative Method in Evolutionary Psychology? (booktopia.com.au)
  • Can the epidemiological approach provide only partial and unsatisfactory explanation of the trajectories of cultural evolution of monsters? (cognitionandculture.net)
  • Also, please, circulate the information to cultural evolutionists and EHBEA-goers who happen to not read this blog (shame on them). (acerbialberto.com)
  • Emerging theories of social evolution allowed Europeans to organize their new knowledge in a way that reflected and justified their increasing political and economic domination of others: colonized people were less-evolved, colonizing people were more evolved. (academickids.com)
  • Emerging theories of social evolution reflected a belief that the changes in Europe wrought by the Industrial Revolution and capitalism were improvements. (academickids.com)
  • With that history, and neither religion or fairy tale able to change systems, try a more secular adjustment to the lists of acts and sins, to expand and include those broader institutions, cultural moneymakers and not just wayward individuals. (blogspot.com)
  • Bobby continued under his NSF postdoctoral grant, and conducted a field research expedition to Awash National Park in Ethiopia, where he surveyed the weaverbirds and studied their nest ecology and evolution. (cuny.edu)
  • Recently, sustainability scientists have been explicit about the need to incorporate mechanisms of cultural change in their research (Beddoe et al. (springer.com)
  • Science required a different way of thinking and expression through a strictly defined vocabulary and I will refer to "cultural" language - our common, "default" language - to distinguish it from objective, scientific expression. (google.com)
  • We have more evidence for evolution than we have for the existence of atoms and molecules. (sun-sentinel.com)
  • In the first part I will examine the extent to which cultural epidemiology can account for the cultural evolution of monsters. (cognitionandculture.net)
  • Can cultural epidemiology explain the cultural evolution of monsters? (cognitionandculture.net)
  • As such, there is an urgent need for sustainability scientists to develop more holistic or inclusive models to explain and integrate socio-cultural mechanisms of change at both individual and institutional levels (Borgerhoff Mulder and Coppolillo 2005 ). (springer.com)
  • Theories of cultural evolution have been used to explain or justify a variety of social movements and political ideologies as diverse as Marxism , Gaians , Ecoregional Democracy and new tribalists . (academickids.com)
  • Note: There has been some confusion caused by my usage of the word "cultural" in this essay. (google.com)
  • None of that baggage is compatible with my sense of how the cultural analogue to genes function, and much of it is harmful nonsense. (replicatedtypo.com)
  • I've been using "meme" as the cultural analog for the biological "gene", which is more or less the use that Dawkins had in mind when he coined the term. (replicatedtypo.com)
  • Their byline: "Nothing in politics makes sense except in the light of cultural evolution. (blogspot.com)
  • Let me run this logic by you, readers, and I hope that you can provide feedback on whether it makes sense - or not. (peterturchin.com)
  • In some languages it makes sense to say something like Dan broke the plate, but in other languages it is necessary to treat this action as a complex scenario composed of separate stages (Dan dropped the plate and then the plate broke). (mpi.nl)
  • It makes sense that they would be keen toward particular demographic considerations. (discovermagazine.com)
  • But, on the situated view, it makes sense. (slideserve.com)