Method for obtaining information through verbal responses, written or oral, from subjects.
A person authorized to decide or act for another person, for example, a person having durable power of attorney.
A willingness to reveal information about oneself to others.
Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.
A person's view of himself.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
The N-glucuronide conjugate of cotinine is a major urinary metabolite of NICOTINE. It thus serves as a biomarker of exposure to tobacco SMOKING. It has CNS stimulating properties.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Scotland" is not a medical term and does not have a medical definition. Scotland is one of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom, located in the northern part of Great Britain. If you have any questions related to healthcare or medical terminology, I would be happy to help answer those!
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
Voluntary cooperation of the patient in following a prescribed regimen.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
Depressive states usually of moderate intensity in contrast with major depression present in neurotic and psychotic disorders.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
The normal lack of the ability to produce an immunological response to autologous (self) antigens. A breakdown of self tolerance leads to autoimmune diseases. The ability to recognize the difference between self and non-self is the prime function of the immune system.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Psychoanalytic theory focusing on interpretation of behavior in reference to self. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Terms, 1994) This elaboration of the psychoanalytic concepts of narcissism and the self, was developed by Heinz Kohut, and stresses the importance of the self-awareness of excessive needs for approval and self-gratification.
The act of injuring one's own body to the extent of cutting off or permanently destroying a limb or other essential part of a body.
The conscious portion of the personality structure which serves to mediate between the demands of the primitive instinctual drives, (the id), of internalized parental and social prohibitions or the conscience, (the superego), and of reality.
The self administration of medication not prescribed by a physician or in a manner not directed by a physician.
Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)
Behavior in which persons hurt or harm themselves without the motive of suicide or of sexual deviation.
Endogenous tissue constituents that have the ability to interact with AUTOANTIBODIES and cause an immune response.
Process whereby the immune system reacts against the body's own tissues. Autoimmunity may produce or be caused by AUTOIMMUNE DISEASES.
The specific failure of a normally responsive individual to make an immune response to a known antigen. It results from previous contact with the antigen by an immunologically immature individual (fetus or neonate) or by an adult exposed to extreme high-dose or low-dose antigen, or by exposure to radiation, antimetabolites, antilymphocytic serum, etc.
Administration of a drug or chemical by the individual under the direction of a physician. It includes administration clinically or experimentally, by human or animal.
The inspection of one's breasts, usually for signs of disease, especially neoplastic disease.
The major group of transplantation antigens in the mouse.
Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified - cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
I'm sorry for any confusion, but 'England' is not a medical term and does not have a medical definition. England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom, known for its rich history, cultural heritage, and contributions to medical science. However, in a medical context, it may refer to the location of a patient, healthcare provider, or research study, but it is not a term with a specific medical meaning.
The inspection of one's own body, usually for signs of disease (e.g., BREAST SELF-EXAMINATION, testicular self-examination).
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
The unsuccessful attempt to kill oneself.
Conceptual system developed by Freud and his followers in which unconscious motivations are considered to shape normal and abnormal personality development and behavior.
Philosophy based on the analysis of the individual's existence in the world which holds that human existence cannot be completely described in scientific terms. Existentialism also stresses the freedom and responsibility of the individual as well as the uniqueness of religious and ethical experiences and the analysis of subjective phenomena such as anxiety, guilt, and suffering. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
The genetic region which contains the loci of genes which determine the structure of the serologically defined (SD) and lymphocyte-defined (LD) TRANSPLANTATION ANTIGENS, genes which control the structure of the IMMUNE RESPONSE-ASSOCIATED ANTIGENS, HUMAN; the IMMUNE RESPONSE GENES which control the ability of an animal to respond immunologically to antigenic stimuli, and genes which determine the structure and/or level of the first four components of complement.

A new method for estimating race/ethnicity and associated disparities where administrative records lack self-reported race/ethnicity. (1/2626)


Predictors of outcomes in the treatment of urge urinary incontinence in women. (2/2626)


The impact of experiential avoidance on the reduction of depression in treatment for borderline personality disorder. (3/2626)


Reflective and ruminative processing of positive emotional memories in bipolar disorder and healthy controls. (4/2626)


Bipolar disorder with frequent mood episodes in the national comorbidity survey replication (NCS-R). (5/2626)


Psychological and behavioral correlates of excess weight: misperception of obese status among persons with Class II obesity. (6/2626)


Acculturation, discrimination and depressive symptoms among Korean immigrants in New York City. (7/2626)


Disordered gambling, type of gambling and gambling involvement in the British Gambling Prevalence Survey 2007. (8/2626)


A "self-report" in a medical context refers to the information or data provided by an individual about their own symptoms, experiences, behaviors, or health status. This can be collected through various methods such as questionnaires, surveys, interviews, or diaries. Self-reports are commonly used in research and clinical settings to assess various aspects of health, including physical and mental health symptoms, quality of life, treatment adherence, and substance use.

While self-reports can be a valuable source of information, they may also be subject to biases such as recall bias, social desirability bias, or response distortion. Therefore, it is important to consider the potential limitations and validity of self-reported data in interpreting the results. In some cases, self-reports may be supplemented with other sources of information, such as medical records, physiological measures, or observer ratings.

In the context of medicine, a proxy is an individual who is authorized to make healthcare decisions on behalf of another person, also known as the principal, when the principal is unable to make or communicate their own decisions. This may be due to factors such as incapacity, illness, or injury. The proxy is typically appointed through legal documents such as advance directives, health care powers of attorney, or guardianship arrangements. It's important for individuals to establish clear advance care plans and choose a trusted proxy to ensure their healthcare wishes are respected when they cannot speak for themselves.

In a medical or healthcare context, self-disclosure generally refers to the act of a patient voluntarily sharing personal, relevant information about themselves with their healthcare provider. This could include details about their lifestyle, thoughts, feelings, experiences, or symptoms that may be pertinent to their health status or treatment. The purpose of self-disclosure is to enhance the provider's understanding of the patient's condition and facilitate more effective care planning, monitoring, and management. It is essential for building trust, fostering open communication, and promoting a strong therapeutic relationship between patients and healthcare providers.

It is important to note that self-disclosure should be encouraged in a safe, respectful, and confidential environment, where the patient feels comfortable sharing personal information without fear of judgment or negative consequences. Healthcare providers must maintain appropriate professional boundaries while still fostering an atmosphere of trust and collaboration with their patients.

"Self-assessment" in the context of medicine and healthcare generally refers to the process by which an individual evaluates their own health status, symptoms, or healthcare needs. This can involve various aspects such as:

1. Recognizing and acknowledging one's own signs and symptoms of a potential health issue.
2. Assessing the severity and impact of these symptoms on daily life.
3. Determining whether medical attention is needed and, if so, deciding the urgency of such care.
4. Monitoring the effectiveness of treatment plans and making adjustments as necessary.

Self-assessment tools in healthcare can include questionnaires, surveys, or other structured methods to guide patients in evaluating their health status. These tools can be particularly useful in managing chronic conditions, promoting preventive care, and supporting patient autonomy and engagement in their own healthcare. However, self-assessment should not replace regular check-ups and consultations with healthcare professionals, who can provide more comprehensive assessments, diagnoses, and treatment recommendations based on their clinical expertise and access to additional information and resources.

I am not a medical doctor, but I can provide you with some information on this topic. Self-concept is more commonly discussed in psychology than in medicine, but it still has relevance to understanding individual experiences and behaviors in health and illness.

Self-concept refers to an individual's perception, beliefs, and attitudes about themselves, encompassing various dimensions such as:

1. Physical self (how one perceives their physical appearance, abilities, and health)
2. Social self (how one perceives their relationships with others, social roles, and status)
3. Psychological or personal self (how one perceives their personality traits, values, and beliefs)

Self-concept can influence how people view their own health, cope with illness, and engage in health behaviors. For example, a positive self-concept may contribute to better adherence to treatment plans and healthier lifestyle choices, while negative self-concepts might lead to poorer health outcomes due to decreased motivation or self-efficacy.

Understanding an individual's self-concept can help healthcare professionals tailor their communication style, recommendations, and interventions to better meet the patient's needs and preferences.

A questionnaire in the medical context is a standardized, systematic, and structured tool used to gather information from individuals regarding their symptoms, medical history, lifestyle, or other health-related factors. It typically consists of a series of written questions that can be either self-administered or administered by an interviewer. Questionnaires are widely used in various areas of healthcare, including clinical research, epidemiological studies, patient care, and health services evaluation to collect data that can inform diagnosis, treatment planning, and population health management. They provide a consistent and organized method for obtaining information from large groups or individual patients, helping to ensure accurate and comprehensive data collection while minimizing bias and variability in the information gathered.

Cotinine is the major metabolite of nicotine, which is formed in the body after exposure to tobacco smoke or other sources of nicotine. It is often used as a biomarker for nicotine exposure and can be measured in various biological samples such as blood, urine, saliva, and hair. Cotinine has a longer half-life than nicotine, making it a more reliable indicator of long-term exposure to tobacco smoke or nicotine products.

Reproducibility of results in a medical context refers to the ability to obtain consistent and comparable findings when a particular experiment or study is repeated, either by the same researcher or by different researchers, following the same experimental protocol. It is an essential principle in scientific research that helps to ensure the validity and reliability of research findings.

In medical research, reproducibility of results is crucial for establishing the effectiveness and safety of new treatments, interventions, or diagnostic tools. It involves conducting well-designed studies with adequate sample sizes, appropriate statistical analyses, and transparent reporting of methods and findings to allow other researchers to replicate the study and confirm or refute the results.

The lack of reproducibility in medical research has become a significant concern in recent years, as several high-profile studies have failed to produce consistent findings when replicated by other researchers. This has led to increased scrutiny of research practices and a call for greater transparency, rigor, and standardization in the conduct and reporting of medical research.

Self care is a health practice that involves individuals taking responsibility for their own health and well-being by actively seeking out and participating in activities and behaviors that promote healthy living, prevent illness and disease, and manage existing medical conditions. Self care includes a wide range of activities such as:

* Following a healthy diet and exercise routine
* Getting adequate sleep and rest
* Managing stress through relaxation techniques or mindfulness practices
* Practicing good hygiene and grooming habits
* Seeking preventive care through regular check-ups and screenings
* Taking prescribed medications as directed by a healthcare provider
* Monitoring symptoms and seeking medical attention when necessary

Self care is an important part of overall health and wellness, and can help individuals maintain their physical, emotional, and mental health. It is also an essential component of chronic disease management, helping people with ongoing medical conditions to manage their symptoms and improve their quality of life.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "Scotland" is not a medical term or concept. It is one of the four constituent countries of the United Kingdom. If you have any questions related to medical terminology or health-related topics, I would be happy to try and help answer those for you.

A cross-sectional study is a type of observational research design that examines the relationship between variables at one point in time. It provides a snapshot or a "cross-section" of the population at a particular moment, allowing researchers to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition and identify potential risk factors or associations.

In a cross-sectional study, data is collected from a sample of participants at a single time point, and the variables of interest are measured simultaneously. This design can be used to investigate the association between exposure and outcome, but it cannot establish causality because it does not follow changes over time.

Cross-sectional studies can be conducted using various data collection methods, such as surveys, interviews, or medical examinations. They are often used in epidemiology to estimate the prevalence of a disease or condition in a population and to identify potential risk factors that may contribute to its development. However, because cross-sectional studies only provide a snapshot of the population at one point in time, they cannot account for changes over time or determine whether exposure preceded the outcome.

Therefore, while cross-sectional studies can be useful for generating hypotheses and identifying potential associations between variables, further research using other study designs, such as cohort or case-control studies, is necessary to establish causality and confirm any findings.

Psychometrics is a branch of psychology that deals with the theory and technique of psychological measurement, such as the development and standardization of tests used to measure intelligence, aptitude, personality, attitudes, and other mental abilities or traits. It involves the construction and validation of measurement instruments, including the determination of their reliability and validity, and the application of statistical methods to analyze test data and interpret results. The ultimate goal of psychometrics is to provide accurate, objective, and meaningful measurements that can be used to understand individual differences and make informed decisions in educational, clinical, and organizational settings.

Data collection in the medical context refers to the systematic gathering of information relevant to a specific research question or clinical situation. This process involves identifying and recording data elements, such as demographic characteristics, medical history, physical examination findings, laboratory results, and imaging studies, from various sources including patient interviews, medical records, and diagnostic tests. The data collected is used to support clinical decision-making, inform research hypotheses, and evaluate the effectiveness of treatments or interventions. It is essential that data collection is performed in a standardized and unbiased manner to ensure the validity and reliability of the results.

Smoking is not a medical condition, but it's a significant health risk behavior. Here is the definition from a public health perspective:

Smoking is the act of inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning tobacco that is commonly consumed through cigarettes, pipes, and cigars. The smoke contains over 7,000 chemicals, including nicotine, tar, carbon monoxide, and numerous toxic and carcinogenic substances. These toxins contribute to a wide range of diseases and health conditions, such as lung cancer, heart disease, stroke, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and various other cancers, as well as adverse reproductive outcomes and negative impacts on the developing fetus during pregnancy. Smoking is highly addictive due to the nicotine content, which makes quitting smoking a significant challenge for many individuals.

Patient compliance, also known as medication adherence or patient adherence, refers to the degree to which a patient's behavior matches the agreed-upon recommendations from their healthcare provider. This includes taking medications as prescribed (including the correct dosage, frequency, and duration), following dietary restrictions, making lifestyle changes, and attending follow-up appointments. Poor patient compliance can negatively impact treatment outcomes and lead to worsening of symptoms, increased healthcare costs, and development of drug-resistant strains in the case of antibiotics. It is a significant challenge in healthcare and efforts are being made to improve patient education, communication, and support to enhance compliance.

Health status is a term used to describe the overall condition of an individual's health, including physical, mental, and social well-being. It is often assessed through various measures such as medical history, physical examination, laboratory tests, and self-reported health assessments. Health status can be used to identify health disparities, track changes in population health over time, and evaluate the effectiveness of healthcare interventions.

Medical Definition:

"Risk factors" are any attribute, characteristic or exposure of an individual that increases the likelihood of developing a disease or injury. They can be divided into modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Modifiable risk factors are those that can be changed through lifestyle choices or medical treatment, while non-modifiable risk factors are inherent traits such as age, gender, or genetic predisposition. Examples of modifiable risk factors include smoking, alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, and unhealthy diet, while non-modifiable risk factors include age, sex, and family history. It is important to note that having a risk factor does not guarantee that a person will develop the disease, but rather indicates an increased susceptibility.

Prospective studies, also known as longitudinal studies, are a type of cohort study in which data is collected forward in time, following a group of individuals who share a common characteristic or exposure over a period of time. The researchers clearly define the study population and exposure of interest at the beginning of the study and follow up with the participants to determine the outcomes that develop over time. This type of study design allows for the investigation of causal relationships between exposures and outcomes, as well as the identification of risk factors and the estimation of disease incidence rates. Prospective studies are particularly useful in epidemiology and medical research when studying diseases with long latency periods or rare outcomes.

Prevalence, in medical terms, refers to the total number of people in a given population who have a particular disease or condition at a specific point in time, or over a specified period. It is typically expressed as a percentage or a ratio of the number of cases to the size of the population. Prevalence differs from incidence, which measures the number of new cases that develop during a certain period.

Longitudinal studies are a type of research design where data is collected from the same subjects repeatedly over a period of time, often years or even decades. These studies are used to establish patterns of changes and events over time, and can help researchers identify causal relationships between variables. They are particularly useful in fields such as epidemiology, psychology, and sociology, where the focus is on understanding developmental trends and the long-term effects of various factors on health and behavior.

In medical research, longitudinal studies can be used to track the progression of diseases over time, identify risk factors for certain conditions, and evaluate the effectiveness of treatments or interventions. For example, a longitudinal study might follow a group of individuals over several decades to assess their exposure to certain environmental factors and their subsequent development of chronic diseases such as cancer or heart disease. By comparing data collected at multiple time points, researchers can identify trends and correlations that may not be apparent in shorter-term studies.

Longitudinal studies have several advantages over other research designs, including their ability to establish temporal relationships between variables, track changes over time, and reduce the impact of confounding factors. However, they also have some limitations, such as the potential for attrition (loss of participants over time), which can introduce bias and affect the validity of the results. Additionally, longitudinal studies can be expensive and time-consuming to conduct, requiring significant resources and a long-term commitment from both researchers and study participants.

A mental disorder is a syndrome characterized by clinically significant disturbance in an individual's cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior. It's associated with distress and/or impaired functioning in social, occupational, or other important areas of life, often leading to a decrease in quality of life. These disorders are typically persistent and can be severe and disabling. They may be related to factors such as genetics, early childhood experiences, or trauma. Examples include depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, and personality disorders. It's important to note that a diagnosis should be made by a qualified mental health professional.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "parents" is not a term that has a medical definition. In general usage, parents are the two people (typically) who bring up and care for a child, or who have given birth to or adopted a child. They are responsible for the child's housing, food, clothing, education, and medical care. Is there a specific medical or healthcare-related context you had in mind? I would be happy to help further if I can.

Depression is a mood disorder that is characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and loss of interest in activities. It can also cause significant changes in sleep, appetite, energy level, concentration, and behavior. Depression can interfere with daily life and normal functioning, and it can increase the risk of suicide and other mental health disorders. The exact cause of depression is not known, but it is believed to be related to a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors. There are several types of depression, including major depressive disorder, persistent depressive disorder, postpartum depression, and seasonal affective disorder. Treatment for depression typically involves a combination of medication and psychotherapy.

A cohort study is a type of observational study in which a group of individuals who share a common characteristic or exposure are followed up over time to determine the incidence of a specific outcome or outcomes. The cohort, or group, is defined based on the exposure status (e.g., exposed vs. unexposed) and then monitored prospectively to assess for the development of new health events or conditions.

Cohort studies can be either prospective or retrospective in design. In a prospective cohort study, participants are enrolled and followed forward in time from the beginning of the study. In contrast, in a retrospective cohort study, researchers identify a cohort that has already been assembled through medical records, insurance claims, or other sources and then look back in time to assess exposure status and health outcomes.

Cohort studies are useful for establishing causality between an exposure and an outcome because they allow researchers to observe the temporal relationship between the two. They can also provide information on the incidence of a disease or condition in different populations, which can be used to inform public health policy and interventions. However, cohort studies can be expensive and time-consuming to conduct, and they may be subject to bias if participants are not representative of the population or if there is loss to follow-up.

Psychiatric Status Rating Scales are standardized assessment tools used by mental health professionals to evaluate and rate the severity of a person's psychiatric symptoms and functioning. These scales provide a systematic and structured approach to measuring various aspects of an individual's mental health, such as mood, anxiety, psychosis, behavior, and cognitive abilities.

The purpose of using Psychiatric Status Rating Scales is to:

1. Assess the severity and improvement of psychiatric symptoms over time.
2. Aid in diagnostic decision-making and treatment planning.
3. Monitor treatment response and adjust interventions accordingly.
4. Facilitate communication among mental health professionals about a patient's status.
5. Provide an objective basis for research and epidemiological studies.

Examples of Psychiatric Status Rating Scales include:

1. Clinical Global Impression (CGI): A brief, subjective rating scale that measures overall illness severity, treatment response, and improvement.
2. Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS): A comprehensive scale used to assess the symptoms of psychosis, including positive, negative, and general psychopathology domains.
3. Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HRSD) or Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS): Scales used to evaluate the severity of depressive symptoms.
4. Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS): A scale used to assess the severity of manic or hypomanic symptoms.
5. Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) or Symptom Checklist-90 Revised (SCL-90-R): Scales that measure a broad range of psychiatric symptoms and psychopathology.
6. Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF): A scale used to rate an individual's overall psychological, social, and occupational functioning on a hypothetical continuum of mental health-illness.

It is important to note that Psychiatric Status Rating Scales should be administered by trained mental health professionals to ensure accurate and reliable results.

Socioeconomic factors are a range of interconnected conditions and influences that affect the opportunities and resources a person or group has to maintain and improve their health and well-being. These factors include:

1. Economic stability: This includes employment status, job security, income level, and poverty status. Lower income and lack of employment are associated with poorer health outcomes.
2. Education: Higher levels of education are generally associated with better health outcomes. Education can affect a person's ability to access and understand health information, as well as their ability to navigate the healthcare system.
3. Social and community context: This includes factors such as social support networks, discrimination, and community safety. Strong social supports and positive community connections are associated with better health outcomes, while discrimination and lack of safety can negatively impact health.
4. Healthcare access and quality: Access to affordable, high-quality healthcare is an important socioeconomic factor that can significantly impact a person's health. Factors such as insurance status, availability of providers, and cultural competency of healthcare systems can all affect healthcare access and quality.
5. Neighborhood and built environment: The physical conditions in which people live, work, and play can also impact their health. Factors such as housing quality, transportation options, availability of healthy foods, and exposure to environmental hazards can all influence health outcomes.

Socioeconomic factors are often interrelated and can have a cumulative effect on health outcomes. For example, someone who lives in a low-income neighborhood with limited access to healthy foods and safe parks may also face challenges related to employment, education, and healthcare access that further impact their health. Addressing socioeconomic factors is an important part of promoting health equity and reducing health disparities.

Self tolerance, also known as immunological tolerance or biological tolerance, is a critical concept in the field of immunology. It refers to the ability of the immune system to distinguish between "self" and "non-self" antigens and to refrain from mounting an immune response against its own cells, tissues, and organs.

In other words, self tolerance is the state of immune non-responsiveness to self antigens, which are molecules or structures that are normally present in an individual's own body. This ensures that the immune system does not attack the body's own cells and cause autoimmune diseases.

Self tolerance is established during the development and maturation of the immune system, particularly in the thymus gland for T cells and the bone marrow for B cells. During this process, immature immune cells that recognize self antigens are either eliminated or rendered tolerant to them, so that they do not mount an immune response against the body's own tissues.

Maintaining self tolerance is essential for the proper functioning of the immune system and for preventing the development of autoimmune diseases, in which the immune system mistakenly attacks the body's own cells and tissues.

Follow-up studies are a type of longitudinal research that involve repeated observations or measurements of the same variables over a period of time, in order to understand their long-term effects or outcomes. In medical context, follow-up studies are often used to evaluate the safety and efficacy of medical treatments, interventions, or procedures.

In a typical follow-up study, a group of individuals (called a cohort) who have received a particular treatment or intervention are identified and then followed over time through periodic assessments or data collection. The data collected may include information on clinical outcomes, adverse events, changes in symptoms or functional status, and other relevant measures.

The results of follow-up studies can provide important insights into the long-term benefits and risks of medical interventions, as well as help to identify factors that may influence treatment effectiveness or patient outcomes. However, it is important to note that follow-up studies can be subject to various biases and limitations, such as loss to follow-up, recall bias, and changes in clinical practice over time, which must be carefully considered when interpreting the results.

Logistic models, specifically logistic regression models, are a type of statistical analysis used in medical and epidemiological research to identify the relationship between the risk of a certain health outcome or disease (dependent variable) and one or more independent variables, such as demographic factors, exposure variables, or other clinical measurements.

In contrast to linear regression models, logistic regression models are used when the dependent variable is binary or dichotomous in nature, meaning it can only take on two values, such as "disease present" or "disease absent." The model uses a logistic function to estimate the probability of the outcome based on the independent variables.

Logistic regression models are useful for identifying risk factors and estimating the strength of associations between exposures and health outcomes, adjusting for potential confounders, and predicting the probability of an outcome given certain values of the independent variables. They can also be used to develop clinical prediction rules or scores that can aid in decision-making and patient care.

Regression analysis is a statistical technique used in medicine, as well as in other fields, to examine the relationship between one or more independent variables (predictors) and a dependent variable (outcome). It allows for the estimation of the average change in the outcome variable associated with a one-unit change in an independent variable, while controlling for the effects of other independent variables. This technique is often used to identify risk factors for diseases or to evaluate the effectiveness of medical interventions. In medical research, regression analysis can be used to adjust for potential confounding variables and to quantify the relationship between exposures and health outcomes. It can also be used in predictive modeling to estimate the probability of a particular outcome based on multiple predictors.

"Sex factors" is a term used in medicine and epidemiology to refer to the differences in disease incidence, prevalence, or response to treatment that are observed between males and females. These differences can be attributed to biological differences such as genetics, hormones, and anatomy, as well as social and cultural factors related to gender.

For example, some conditions such as autoimmune diseases, depression, and osteoporosis are more common in women, while others such as cardiovascular disease and certain types of cancer are more prevalent in men. Additionally, sex differences have been observed in the effectiveness and side effects of various medications and treatments.

It is important to consider sex factors in medical research and clinical practice to ensure that patients receive appropriate and effective care.

In the field of medicine, "time factors" refer to the duration of symptoms or time elapsed since the onset of a medical condition, which can have significant implications for diagnosis and treatment. Understanding time factors is crucial in determining the progression of a disease, evaluating the effectiveness of treatments, and making critical decisions regarding patient care.

For example, in stroke management, "time is brain," meaning that rapid intervention within a specific time frame (usually within 4.5 hours) is essential to administering tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), a clot-busting drug that can minimize brain damage and improve patient outcomes. Similarly, in trauma care, the "golden hour" concept emphasizes the importance of providing definitive care within the first 60 minutes after injury to increase survival rates and reduce morbidity.

Time factors also play a role in monitoring the progression of chronic conditions like diabetes or heart disease, where regular follow-ups and assessments help determine appropriate treatment adjustments and prevent complications. In infectious diseases, time factors are crucial for initiating antibiotic therapy and identifying potential outbreaks to control their spread.

Overall, "time factors" encompass the significance of recognizing and acting promptly in various medical scenarios to optimize patient outcomes and provide effective care.

Treatment outcome is a term used to describe the result or effect of medical treatment on a patient's health status. It can be measured in various ways, such as through symptoms improvement, disease remission, reduced disability, improved quality of life, or survival rates. The treatment outcome helps healthcare providers evaluate the effectiveness of a particular treatment plan and make informed decisions about future care. It is also used in clinical research to compare the efficacy of different treatments and improve patient care.

Self psychology is a branch of psychoanalysis developed by Heinz Kohut that emphasizes the role of empathy in understanding and treating psychological disorders. It focuses on the self, which includes an individual's sense of identity, self-esteem, and emotional well-being. According to this theory, a healthy self is characterized by a cohesive and stable sense of self, along with the ability to experience joy, pride, and satisfaction. In contrast, a poorly functioning self may result in feelings of emptiness, low self-esteem, and difficulties in forming and maintaining relationships.

Self psychology posits that individuals have certain innate psychological needs, including the need for mirroring (to have one's thoughts, feelings, and experiences affirmed by others), idealization (the ability to admire and look up to others as role models), and twinship (a sense of connection and understanding with others). When these needs are not met in early childhood, it can lead to the development of psychological issues.

In therapy, self psychologists aim to provide a therapeutic environment that meets the patient's emotional needs through empathic listening and understanding. This approach helps the patient develop a stronger and more cohesive sense of self, improve their ability to regulate their emotions, and form healthier relationships with others.

Self-mutilation, also known as self-injury or self-harm, refers to the deliberate infliction of pain or damage to one's own body without the intention of committing suicide. It can take many forms, including cutting, burning, scratching, hitting, or piercing the skin. The behavior is often used as a coping mechanism to deal with emotional distress, trauma, or other psychological issues. Self-mutilation can be a sign of serious mental health concerns and should be treated as such. It's important to seek professional help if you or someone you know is engaging in self-harm behaviors.

In psychology, the term "ego" is used to describe a part of the personality that deals with the conscious mind and includes the senses of self and reality. It is one of the three components of Freud's structural model of the psyche, along with the id and the superego. The ego serves as the mediator between the unconscious desires of the id and the demands of the real world, helping to shape behavior that is socially acceptable and adaptive.

It's important to note that this definition of "ego" is specific to the field of psychology and should not be confused with other uses of the term in different contexts, such as its use in popular culture to refer to an inflated sense of self-importance or self-centeredness.

Self-medication is the use of medications or other healthcare products by individuals to treat self-diagnosed disorders or symptoms, without consulting a healthcare professional. This may include using leftover prescription medications, over-the-counter drugs, or alternative therapies. While it might seem convenient and cost-effective, self-medication can lead to incorrect diagnosis, inappropriate treatment, masking of serious conditions, potential drug interactions, dependency, and complications, which may result in further health issues. It is always recommended to seek professional medical advice before starting any medication or therapy.

Self-efficacy is not a medical term per se, but it is widely used in medical and health-related contexts. It is a concept from social cognitive theory that refers to an individual's belief in their ability to successfully perform specific tasks or achieve certain goals, particularly in the face of challenges or adversity.

In medical settings, self-efficacy can refer to a patient's confidence in their ability to manage their health condition, adhere to treatment plans, and engage in healthy behaviors. For example, a person with diabetes who has high self-efficacy may feel confident in their ability to monitor their blood sugar levels, follow a healthy diet, and exercise regularly, even if they encounter obstacles or setbacks.

Research has shown that self-efficacy is an important predictor of health outcomes, as individuals with higher self-efficacy are more likely to engage in positive health behaviors and experience better health outcomes than those with lower self-efficacy. Healthcare providers may seek to enhance patients' self-efficacy through education, counseling, and support to help them manage their health condition more effectively.

Self-injurious behavior (SIB) refers to the intentional, direct injuring of one's own body without suicidal intentions. It is often repetitive and can take various forms such as cutting, burning, scratching, hitting, or bruising the skin. In some cases, individuals may also ingest harmful substances or objects.

SIB is not a mental disorder itself, but it is often associated with various psychiatric conditions, including borderline personality disorder, depression, anxiety disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder, and eating disorders. It is also common in individuals with developmental disabilities, such as autism spectrum disorder.

The function of SIB can vary widely among individuals, but it often serves as a coping mechanism to deal with emotional distress, negative feelings, or traumatic experiences. It's essential to approach individuals who engage in SIB with compassion and understanding, focusing on treating the underlying causes rather than solely addressing the behavior itself. Professional mental health treatment and therapy can help individuals develop healthier coping strategies and improve their quality of life.

Autoantigens are substances that are typically found in an individual's own body, but can stimulate an immune response because they are recognized as foreign by the body's own immune system. In autoimmune diseases, the immune system mistakenly attacks and damages healthy tissues and organs because it recognizes some of their components as autoantigens. These autoantigens can be proteins, DNA, or other molecules that are normally present in the body but have become altered or exposed due to various factors such as infection, genetics, or environmental triggers. The immune system then produces antibodies and activates immune cells to attack these autoantigens, leading to tissue damage and inflammation.

Autoimmunity is a medical condition in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys healthy tissues within the body. In normal function, the immune system recognizes and fights off foreign substances such as bacteria, viruses, and toxins. However, when autoimmunity occurs, the immune system identifies self-molecules or tissues as foreign and produces an immune response against them.

This misguided response can lead to chronic inflammation, tissue damage, and impaired organ function. Autoimmune diseases can affect various parts of the body, including the joints, skin, glands, muscles, and blood vessels. Some common examples of autoimmune diseases are rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and Graves' disease.

The exact cause of autoimmunity is not fully understood, but it is believed to involve a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors that trigger an abnormal immune response in susceptible individuals. Treatment for autoimmune diseases typically involves managing symptoms, reducing inflammation, and suppressing the immune system's overactive response using medications such as corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, and biologics.

Immune tolerance, also known as immunological tolerance or specific immune tolerance, is a state of unresponsiveness or non-reactivity of the immune system towards a particular substance (antigen) that has the potential to elicit an immune response. This occurs when the immune system learns to distinguish "self" from "non-self" and does not attack the body's own cells, tissues, and organs.

In the context of transplantation, immune tolerance refers to the absence of a destructive immune response towards the transplanted organ or tissue, allowing for long-term graft survival without the need for immunosuppressive therapy. Immune tolerance can be achieved through various strategies, including hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, costimulation blockade, and regulatory T cell induction.

In summary, immune tolerance is a critical mechanism that prevents the immune system from attacking the body's own structures while maintaining the ability to respond appropriately to foreign pathogens and antigens.

Self-administration, in the context of medicine and healthcare, refers to the act of an individual administering medication or treatment to themselves. This can include various forms of delivery such as oral medications, injections, or topical treatments. It is important that individuals who self-administer are properly trained and understand the correct dosage, timing, and technique to ensure safety and effectiveness. Self-administration promotes independence, allows for timely treatment, and can improve overall health outcomes.

Breast self-examination (BSE) is a procedure in which an individual manually checks their own breasts for any changes or abnormalities. The goal of BSE is to detect breast cancer or other breast abnormalities as early as possible. It involves looking at and feeling the breasts for any lumps, thickenings, or other changes in size, shape, or appearance.

The American Cancer Society recommends that women become familiar with how their breasts normally look and feel and report any changes to their healthcare provider. However, they do not recommend regular monthly BSE as a routine screening tool for breast cancer, as it has not been shown to reduce the risk of dying from breast cancer or improve survival rates. Instead, they recommend regular mammograms and clinical breast exams as the most effective ways to detect breast cancer early.

It's important to note that while BSE can help women become more familiar with their breasts and detect changes early, it should not replace regular medical check-ups and mammograms. Any concerns or changes in the breasts should be reported to a healthcare provider as soon as possible for further evaluation.

H-2 antigens are a group of cell surface proteins found in mice that play a critical role in the immune system. They are similar to the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) complex in humans and are involved in the presentation of peptide antigens to T cells, which is a crucial step in the adaptive immune response.

The H-2 antigens are encoded by a cluster of genes located on chromosome 17 in mice. They are highly polymorphic, meaning that there are many different variations of these proteins circulating in the population. This genetic diversity allows for a wide range of potential peptide antigens to be presented to T cells, thereby enhancing the ability of the immune system to recognize and respond to a variety of pathogens.

The H-2 antigens are divided into two classes based on their function and structure. Class I H-2 antigens are found on almost all nucleated cells and consist of a heavy chain, a light chain, and a peptide fragment. They present endogenous peptides, such as those derived from viruses that infect the cell, to CD8+ T cells.

Class II H-2 antigens, on the other hand, are found primarily on professional antigen-presenting cells, such as dendritic cells and macrophages. They consist of an alpha chain and a beta chain and present exogenous peptides, such as those derived from bacteria that have been engulfed by the cell, to CD4+ T cells.

Overall, H-2 antigens are essential components of the mouse immune system, allowing for the recognition and elimination of pathogens and infected cells.

T-lymphocytes, also known as T-cells, are a type of white blood cell that plays a key role in the adaptive immune system's response to infection. They are produced in the bone marrow and mature in the thymus gland. There are several different types of T-cells, including CD4+ helper T-cells, CD8+ cytotoxic T-cells, and regulatory T-cells (Tregs).

CD4+ helper T-cells assist in activating other immune cells, such as B-lymphocytes and macrophages. They also produce cytokines, which are signaling molecules that help coordinate the immune response. CD8+ cytotoxic T-cells directly kill infected cells by releasing toxic substances. Regulatory T-cells help maintain immune tolerance and prevent autoimmune diseases by suppressing the activity of other immune cells.

T-lymphocytes are important in the immune response to viral infections, cancer, and other diseases. Dysfunction or depletion of T-cells can lead to immunodeficiency and increased susceptibility to infections. On the other hand, an overactive T-cell response can contribute to autoimmune diseases and chronic inflammation.

An "attitude to health" is a set of beliefs, values, and behaviors that an individual holds regarding their own health and well-being. It encompasses their overall approach to maintaining good health, preventing illness, seeking medical care, and managing any existing health conditions.

A positive attitude to health typically includes:

1. A belief in the importance of self-care and taking responsibility for one's own health.
2. Engaging in regular exercise, eating a balanced diet, getting enough sleep, and avoiding harmful behaviors such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption.
3. Regular check-ups and screenings to detect potential health issues early on.
4. Seeking medical care when necessary and following recommended treatment plans.
5. A willingness to learn about and implement new healthy habits and lifestyle changes.
6. Developing a strong support network of family, friends, and healthcare professionals.

On the other hand, a negative attitude to health may involve:

1. Neglecting self-care and failing to take responsibility for one's own health.
2. Engaging in unhealthy behaviors such as sedentary lifestyle, poor diet, lack of sleep, smoking, and excessive alcohol consumption.
3. Avoidance of regular check-ups and screenings, leading to delayed detection and treatment of potential health issues.
4. Resistance to seeking medical care or following recommended treatment plans.
5. Closed-mindedness towards new healthy habits and lifestyle changes.
6. Lack of a support network or reluctance to seek help from others.

Overall, an individual's attitude to health can significantly impact their physical and mental well-being, as well as their ability to manage and overcome any health challenges that may arise.

I'm sorry for any confusion, but "England" is not a medical term or concept. It is one of the four constituent countries that make up the United Kingdom, along with Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland. England is located in the southern part of Great Britain, which is the largest island of the British Isles.

If you have any questions related to medicine or healthcare, I would be happy to try to help answer them for you!

"Self-examination" is a term used to describe the act of examining one's own body to identify any unusual or changes in bodily functions, appearance, or symptoms that could indicate a potential health issue. It is often recommended as a preventative measure for early detection of certain conditions, such as breast self-examination (BSE) for detecting lumps or abnormalities in the breast tissue that may suggest breast cancer.

However, it's important to note that while self-examinations can be helpful, they are not a substitute for regular medical check-ups and screenings. It is always recommended to consult with a healthcare professional if any concerning symptoms or changes are noticed during a self-examination. They can provide a more thorough evaluation, diagnosis, and treatment plan as needed.

Interpersonal relations, in the context of medicine and healthcare, refer to the interactions and relationships between patients and healthcare professionals, as well as among healthcare professionals themselves. These relationships are crucial in the delivery of care and can significantly impact patient outcomes. Positive interpersonal relations can lead to improved communication, increased trust, greater patient satisfaction, and better adherence to treatment plans. On the other hand, negative or strained interpersonal relations can result in poor communication, mistrust, dissatisfaction, and non-adherence.

Healthcare professionals are trained to develop effective interpersonal skills, including active listening, empathy, respect, and cultural sensitivity, to build positive relationships with their patients. Effective interpersonal relations also involve clear and concise communication, setting appropriate boundaries, and managing conflicts in a constructive manner. In addition, positive interpersonal relations among healthcare professionals can promote collaboration, teamwork, and knowledge sharing, leading to improved patient care and safety.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), "An attempted suicide is a non-fatal self-directed, potentially injurious behavior with intent to die as a result of the behavior. It's a clear expression of intention to die."

It's important to note that anyone who has attempted suicide requires immediate professional medical attention and support. They should be assessed for their level of suicidal ideation and any underlying mental health conditions, and provided with appropriate care and treatment. If you or someone you know is struggling with thoughts of suicide, please reach out to a healthcare provider or a trusted mental health professional immediately.

Psychoanalytic theory is a psychological framework developed primarily by Sigmund Freud and his followers, which seeks to explain psychic phenomena in terms of unconscious mental processes and early childhood experiences. It posits that the human mind is composed of three elements: the id (primitive instincts), ego (rational thought), and superego (moral standards). The theory emphasizes the importance of resolving unconscious conflicts, making the unconscious conscious, and analyzing defense mechanisms in order to alleviate psychological distress and promote mental health. It also includes various concepts such as the Oedipus complex, psychosexual development stages, and transference/countertransference phenomena.

Existentialism is a philosophical movement that emphasizes individual existence, freedom, and choice. It is not a medical term, but rather a concept in philosophy that deals with the nature of human existence, particularly the feeling of disorientation and confusion in the face of an apparently meaningless or absurd world. Existentialists hold that people must create their own meaning in life, as there is no God-given purpose or inherent meaning to be found. This concept can have implications for mental health and psychotherapy, particularly in the areas of anxiety, depression, and identity formation. Some existentialist thinkers include Søren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche, Martin Heidegger, and Jean-Paul Sartre.

The Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) is a group of cell surface proteins in vertebrates that play a central role in the adaptive immune system. They are responsible for presenting peptide antigens to T-cells, which helps the immune system distinguish between self and non-self. The MHC is divided into two classes:

1. MHC Class I: These proteins present endogenous (intracellular) peptides to CD8+ T-cells (cytotoxic T-cells). The MHC class I molecule consists of a heavy chain and a light chain, together with an antigenic peptide.

2. MHC Class II: These proteins present exogenous (extracellular) peptides to CD4+ T-cells (helper T-cells). The MHC class II molecule is composed of two heavy chains and two light chains, together with an antigenic peptide.

MHC genes are highly polymorphic, meaning there are many different alleles within a population. This diversity allows for better recognition and presentation of various pathogens, leading to a more robust immune response. The term "histocompatibility" refers to the compatibility between donor and recipient MHC molecules in tissue transplantation. Incompatible MHC molecules can lead to rejection of the transplanted tissue due to an activated immune response against the foreign MHC antigens.

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The third-most reported form of fraud for 2021, online shopping scams, led to about $393 million in reported losses from ... The most commonly reported fraud category after identity theft was imposter scams, which were responsible for 995,789 reports ... 29% reported having had a prior incident of identity fraud. *32% reported having financial-related identity problems, including ... 83% reported being turned down for credit or loan applications. *83% reported difficulty renting apartments or finding housing ...
This Report builds a case for ushering in a paradigm shift towards more proactive drought management across South-East Asia ... This Report comes at a critical time. The cyclical and slow-onset nature of drought provide governments with a critical ... This Report builds a case for ushering in a paradigm shift towards more proactive drought management across South-East Asia ... This Report comes at a critical time. The cyclical and slow-onset nature of drought provide governments with a critical ...
Research Reports Research on a wide range of topics of interest to real estate practitioners. ... Research Reports. Research on a wide range of topics of interest to real estate practitioners. ... Seasonally adjusted annual rates are used in reporting monthly data to factor out seasonal variations in resale activity. For ... NAR benchmarks home sales periodically using other sources to assess overall home sales trends, including sales not reported by ...
The reporting landscape How we collaborate with other reporting organizations to further corporate transparency ... Register your report Upload a report or search the Sustainability Disclosure Database ... A flexible framework for creating standalone sustainability or non-financial reports, or integrated ESG reports ... Access an overview of how the Standards are set up and what to look for in the reporting process with this short introduction: ...
Pages from the report.. The report still categorizes bicycle EVs as "micromobility" alongside electric scooters, segways, and ... According to the report, lack of space on the road is just one infrastructure problem we need to fix. The others are a lack of ... Report cover. Its been just over two years since we sounded the alarm that a major effort at the Oregon Department of ... The report should also put wind in the sail of House Bill 2571, the e-bike rebate bill currently being considered by the Oregon ...
Annual reports Auditors reports Book reports Bound report Retail report Census reports Credit reports Demographic reports ... report Experience report Incident report Inspection reports Military reports Police reports Policy reports Informal reports ... reports Investigative reports Technical or scientific reports Trip reports White papers Appraisal reports Workplace reports[ ... Reports help the top line in decision making. A rule and balanced report also helps in problem solving. Reports communicate the ...
Jäger Report, 1941 Einsatzgruppen reports, 1941-1942 Wilhelm Cornides Report, 1942 Wannsee Conference, 1942 Korherr Report, ... The Katzmann Report (or the Final Report by Katzmann) is one of the most important testimonies relating to the Holocaust in ... A full uncensored text of the report was published in 2009. Modern historians consider the report to be of limited value in ... The report provides only a window into the scale of plunder. The totals are never rounded off. They are meant to lead the ...
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Download the report to see why TeamViewer ranks in a market leading position amongst all enterprise AR players. ... Download the report to see why TeamViewer ranks in a market leading position amongst all enterprise AR players.,/p>\r\n}}" id ...
The current report has 14 players listed - 2 as out, 1 as doubtful, 10 as questionable and 1 as probable. Cornerback Tyrone ... The following is the Patriots injury report for Wednesday:. Offensive tackle Matt Light (ankle) - out. Running back Kevin ... On the teams last injury report, submitted Friday, Oct. 14, there were 18 players listed - 2 as out, 15 as questionable, and 1 ... Players removed from the previous injury report include outside linebackers Tully Banta-Cain and Matt Chatham, inside ...
The EDM pool report provides information about the number of cursor table, package table, or database directory requests, loads ... IOACTIVITY REPORT LEVEL (EDM) I/O Activity EDM Pool Report. This is an example of an EDM pool report. ... When a report is ordered by two or three identifiers and there is more than one second-level identifier reported under it, a ... When a report is ordered by three identifiers and there is more than one third-level identifier reported under it, a subtotal ...
... Advanced Search , Ship Scored 100 , Green Sheet , CDC Home , VSP Home ...
Read full-text medical journal articles from Medscapes Morning Report. ...
V-O-As Michael Bowman reports, the commission heard stinging criticism of U-S intelligence efforts prior to September 11th, as ...
The Synthesis Report of the Fifth Assessment Report (2014). *The Synthesis Report of the Sixth Assessment Report (2023) - ... three Special Reports, a refinement to the Methodology Report and the Synthesis report. The Synthesis Report (SYR) is the last ... Reports. Since the IPCC was created in 1988, there have been 6 Synthesis Reports:. *The Overview of the First Assessment Report ... Synthesis Report of the Sixth Assessment Report A Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. *About ...
... Interval: 24-Mar-08 -to- 24-Apr-08 (32 days) Observation Point: BGP Peering with AS2.0 TOP 20 Unstable Origin ... Details at ------------------------------------ Copies of this report are mailed to: nanog@ ...
The report aims to provide an added perspective to the policy line developed in the Article IV discussions with these entities ... Topics for this report were chosen based on consultations with officials from the S5 and selected emerging markets (Brazil, the ... Rather than try to capture the full range of spillovers, this report builds on last years findings, focusing on the forward- ... To facilitate candor, the report does not attribute views regarding partner countries. ...
If you feel you have found a defect in a VMware product and you have an active support agreement with us, you should report ...
As the client profiles in this annual report demonstrate, entrepreneurs are starting successful businesses with help from SCORE ... In fact, entrepreneurs who work with a mentor are five times more likely to start a business - and report higher revenues and ... of those clients also reported an increase in revenue. ...
... Cover. Created/Published. Melbourne, Victoria : Dairy Australia, 2006- Standard Ids. 2652-3256 (ISSN) ... title=GippsDairy annual report , year=2006 , section=online resource. , issn=2652-3256 , issue=2022/23 , location=Melbourne, ... GippsDairy annual report Melbourne, Victoria: Dairy Australia, 2006. Web. 9 December 2023 , ... 2006, GippsDairy annual report Dairy Australia, Melbourne, Victoria viewed 9 December 2023 ...
The Annual Report 2015, which covers the period from July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015, focuses on how the World Bank is ... This Annual Report focuses on how two of the World Bank Groups institutions-the International Bank for Reconstruction and ...
  • ATSDR worked with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to prepare a report about their findings. (
  • The Viral Hepatitis Surveillance Report - United States, 2020 represents the ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of viral hepatitis-related data. (
  • The number of viral hepatitis cases reported to CDC in 2020 may be lower than in years before the COVID-19 pandemic began. (
  • Reports of associated financial losses topped $6.1 billion, an increase of more than 77% compared with 2020. (
  • The most commonly reported fraud category after identity theft was imposter scams, which were responsible for 995,789 reports and close to $2.4 billion in losses-nearly doubling the roughly $1.2 billion attributed to the category in 2020. (
  • The third-most reported form of fraud for 2021, online shopping scams, led to about $393 million in reported losses from consumers-up from $251 million in 2020, the FTC reported. (
  • The IPCC Bureau at its 58th Session in May 2020 selected the members of CWT from the author teams of the three IPCC Working Groups and the three Special Reports, reflecting balance in geographical distribution, gender, and representative of a range of expertise. (
  • This report presents an assessment of progress since the 2019-2020 analysis of the legal environment for business and investment in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan against the backdrop of the changing international context brought about by COVID and the war. (
  • Multimedia assets produced alongside the Sustainability Report 2020 have been updated to reflect recent organizational changes. (
  • One influenza-associated pediatric death that occurred during the 2022-2023 season was reported this week. (
  • The Synthesis Report (SYR) is the last of the Sixth Assessment Report products, finalized in March 2023, in time to inform the 2023 Global Stocktake by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change as mandated by Decision 1/CP.21 . (
  • 2023 is when countries will review progress towards the Paris Agreement goals, including the goal of keeping global warming to well below 2°C while pursuing efforts to limit it to 1.5°C. The Synthesis Report of the Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) provides an overview of the state of knowledge on the science of climate change, emphasizing new results since the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) in 2014. (
  • 2023 Journal Citation Reports® Science Edition (Clarivate Analytics, 2023). (
  • The 2023 report features highlights of activities towards the University's 64 commitments from 41 (out of 43) academic and administrative units. (
  • CDC's Antibiotic Resistance Threats in the United States, 2019 [PDF - 150 pages] (2019 AR Threats Report) includes the latest national death and infection estimates for 18 antimicrobial-resistant bacteria and fungi. (
  • The 2019 report also emphasizes progress in combating antimicrobial resistance. (
  • The 2013 and 2019 reports do not include viruses (e.g. (
  • Download the 2019 AR Threats Report [PDF - 150 pages] to learn more. (
  • In 2012, its estimated average 'program acquisition unit cost' was reported to have doubled , from the $81 million per copy anticipated in 2001 to $161 million, flight tests revealed deficiencies in achieving the F-35's modest performance requirements, and scheduled full-rate production was delayed to 2019. (
  • The Office for Institutional Equity and Inclusive Culture (EIC) prepares a report each year to update the Drexel community in detail on progress of the University's 64 commitments to change, presented in the 2021 report, Toward an Anti-Racist Drexel [PDF] . (
  • Each institution can access previously released Data Feedback Reports from 2005 and customize this 2021 report by using a different comparison group and IPEDS variables of its choosing. (
  • To learn how to customize the 2021 report, visit this resource page . (
  • The GRI Standards are regularly reviewed to ensure they reflect global best practices for sustainability reporting, helping organizations respond to emerging information demands from stakeholders and regulators. (
  • For more comprehensive information about our approach to ESG related matters and information regarding calculations used for certain measurements as well as risks that could adversely affect our results of operations, our financial condition or our ability to achieve our strategic initiatives, please refer to our Sustainability Report available at . (
  • 2 . How do you plan to use information from PPG's sustainability report? (
  • 3 . Overall, how well does PPG's sustainability report meet your needs? (
  • PPG is transparent in its reporting and sustainability progress. (
  • 7 . How well informed are you about PPG's sustainability efforts after reading the report? (
  • 8 . What additional features or information would you like to see in PPG's sustainability report? (
  • The provisions of the Compact regarding corporate reporting will be detailed as well as the GC's relationship with the Global Reporting Initiative (GRI), which is a scheme dedicated solely to sustainability reporting. (
  • Almost all regions reported that discount chains were doing much better than specialty stores, and luxury items did poorly. (
  • The findings in this report should be interpreted with caution. (
  • The findings of the Report will provide important evidence to support each priority action. (
  • With this small framing quibble aside, the reports findings should help further ensconce electric bicycles into Oregon's transportation policy framework. (
  • Rather than try to capture the full range of spillovers, this report builds on last year's findings, focusing on the forward-looking issues raised by partners and on S5 officials' reactions. (
  • The reporting database is located in your Watson Explorer Engine installation directory, in the data/reporting subdirectory. (
  • The Export TG Status Report button allows you to export the status report as a log file, to the subdirectory from which you launched the System Console. (
  • This report underscores the continued threat of antimicrobial resistance in the U.S., the actions taken to combat this threat, and gaps slowing progress. (
  • However, CDC's 2022 special report highlighting the impact of COVID-19 on antimicrobial resistance in the U.S. found that much of that progress was lost, in large part, due to the effects of the pandemic. (
  • In modern business scenario, reports play a major role in the progress of business. (
  • Some examples of reports are: Annual reports Auditor's reports Book reports Bound report Retail report Census reports Credit reports Demographic reports Expense report Experience report Incident report Inspection reports Military reports Police reports Policy reports Informal reports Progress reports Investigative reports Technical or scientific reports Trip reports White papers Appraisal reports Workplace reports[unreliable source? (
  • This page serves as an archive of these annual reports, demonstrating the University's continued commitment and monitoring of progress from year to year. (
  • The policy requires the Secretariat to report annually to the Executive Board on progress in the implementation of evaluation activities. (
  • All data are preliminary and may change as more reports are received. (
  • Customer relationship management Data quality Decision support system Enterprise application integration Enterprise resource planning Global Reporting Initiative Grey Literature International Steering Committee - International guidelines for the production of scientific and technical reports Management information system Madan, Poonam (2016-2017). (
  • The EDM pool report provides information about the number of cursor table, package table, or database directory requests, loads from the DASD, their average elapsed times, and the average section lengths of the loaded data items. (
  • The EDM pool report presents data summarized by OMEGAMON for Db2 Performance Expert identifiers. (
  • Configuration of reporting data collection occurs at the Projects level. (
  • The Watson Explorer Engine administration tool provides an interface for creating and interacting with Reports , which are presentations of the data that has been collected over a certain time period. (
  • To view these reports, you must enable tracking of all or some of these data types by modifying the settings in your project's Reporting tab. (
  • The more data tracking you enable, the more data Watson Explorer Engine must store in its reporting database. (
  • While more data can provide more interesting report analysis, it can also cause a small disk to fill up quickly. (
  • It is also possible to create new reports and incorporate custom data analysis into those reports. (
  • Each year, the Michigan Incident Crime Reporting data is "frozen" on a specific date for purposes of publishing the annual Crime in Michigan report. (
  • You can view a dynamic version of the race/ethnicity representation data presented in the most recent report on the Anti-Racism Demographic Dashboard . (
  • Data in the report can help focus efforts to prevent and control diabetes across the United States. (
  • This report is continually updated as data become available. (
  • The data in the report is useful. (
  • The Data Feedback Report is intended to provide institutions a context for examining the data they submitted to IPEDS. (
  • The purpose of this report is to provide institutional executives a useful resource and to help improve the quality and comparability of IPEDS data. (
  • To download archived reports or customize the current Data Feedback Report, visit the Use the Data portal on the IPEDS website and click on Data Feedback Report. (
  • The customized Data Feedback Report function available at can be used to reproduce the figures in this report using different peer groups. (
  • These figures only appear in customized Data Feedback Reports (DFRs), which are available through Use the Data portal on the IPEDS website. (
  • You can customize the report by applying filters or comparisons or by changing the dimensions, metrics, or charts. (
  • If you are an Editor or Administrator , you can add or remove metrics in the report. (
  • Also, not one but two reports from the Defense Department's director of operational test and evaluation (DOT&E) documented serious problems: Existing deficiencies, such as the inability to land safely on aircraft carriers, have not been resolved, and new issues, such as lower than predicted acceleration, are cropping up - just as the more challenging flight tests are beginning. (
  • For communicating evaluation work, the website of the Evaluation Office2 is regularly updated and includes evaluation reports and management responses as soon as they become available. (
  • The report can be ordered by up to three OMEGAMON for Db2 Performance Expert identifiers. (
  • The identifiers used to sort the report are printed in the leftmost column. (
  • When a report is ordered by three identifiers and there is more than one third-level identifier reported under it, a subtotal is printed each time the second-level identifier changes. (
  • See section 10.1 of the report for more information. (
  • The percentage of U.S. workers who belong to a union dropped from 10.3 percent to 10.1 percent, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported Thursday, as the job market added non-unionized workers at a faster rate than unionized workers. (
  • The Medscape Physician Compensation Report is the most comprehensive and widely used physician salary survey in the United States for the eighth year in a row. (
  • This year, as in all previous years, the male orthopedists Medscape surveyed reported higher earnings than did their female counterparts. (
  • Case Report: Cardiac Arrest in a Man Who Has Overdosed - Medscape - Mar 09, 2022. (
  • We reviewed pregnancy-related adverse events reported to the national passive surveillance system from November 1, 2009 through January 31, 2010. (
  • The report did not include a review of mercury exposures from coal-burning power plants, dental fillings, fish, medical waste incinerators, and vaccines. (
  • Some common elements of written reports include headings to indicate topics and help the reader locate relevant information quickly, and visual elements such as charts, tables and figures, which are useful for breaking up large sections of text and making complex issues more accessible. (
  • A typical report would include the following sections in it: Title page Executive summary Table of contents Introduction Discussion or body Conclusion Recommendations Reference list Appendices. (
  • Players removed from the previous injury report include outside linebackers Tully Banta-Cain and Matt Chatham, inside linebacker Monty Beisel and safety Guss Scott (injured reserve). (
  • The OMEGAMON for DB2® Performance Expert Statistics reports and traces include EDM pool statistics. (
  • We are delighted to announce that Scientific Reports is now expanding its scope to include engineering disciplines. (
  • When Clostridioides difficile -a bacterium that is not typically resistant but can cause deadly diarrhea and is associated with antibiotic use-is added to these, the U.S. toll of all the threats in the report exceeds 3 million infections and 48,000 deaths. (
  • Average compensation for foreign-trained orthopedists exceeds that reported this year by their US-trained peers. (
  • The GRI Standards enable any organization - large or small, private or public - to understand and report on their impacts on the economy, environment and people in a comparable and credible way, thereby increasing transparency on their contribution to sustainable development. (
  • A bibliography or list of references will appear at the end of any credible report and citations are often included within the text itself. (
  • The report information is credible. (
  • The 2013 report stated that each year in the U.S. at least 2 million people got an antimicrobial-resistant infection, and at least 23,000 people died. (
  • The U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) received more than 5.88 million fraud reports in 2021, a 19% increase from the year prior. (
  • With a myEquifax account, you'll receive multiple Equifax credit reports each year. (
  • Reviewing credit reports helps you catch signs of identity theft early. (
  • Identity theft complaints topped the list of fraud reports the FTC received in 2021, with 1,434,695 complaints. (
  • ID theft made up about 24% of the 5,883,409 reports of fraud, identity theft and other complaints. (
  • Complaints over identity theft, in which a victim's personal information is used to open credit card or bank accounts, obtain loans or make purchases, also increased in 2021, the FTC reported. (
  • In addition to being the first and most supportive document on e-bikes ever produced by ODOT, the 40-page EMO report gives bike advocates and policymakers a lot to chew on. (
  • In addition to giving elected officials, advocates, and policymakers an excellent overview of the e-bike market and its exciting potential, the report offers a solid list of recommendations and "actionable strategies" that will be necessary to reach it. (
  • The Synthesis Report consists of the Summary for Policymakers and a Longer Report. (
  • The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is finalizing its Sixth Assessment cycle , during which the IPCC has produced the Assessment reports of its three Working Groups, three Special Reports, a refinement to the Methodology Report and the Synthesis report. (
  • It provides an integrated view of climate change as the final part of the Sixth Assessment Report. (
  • The AR6 Synthesis Report is based on the three Working Group contributions to the AR6 as well as on the three Special Reports prepared in this assessment cycle. (
  • The prominent QC was engaged by the Stretton Group to offer a professional assessment of the report and executive summary of the Esplin inquiry. (
  • Just as important as the solutions it outlines is how the report clearly lays out the challenges that face more widespread adoption. (
  • To highlight this work, CDRH released its 2021 Annual Report, which outlines the Center's programmatic accomplishments through December 2021, including the COVID-19 response, patient science and engagement, device safety, device innovation, and customer service. (
  • Alongside our SASB and TCFD disclosures, we also report against several other voluntary Disclosure Frameworks. (
  • Explore subject area specific Collections of the most downloaded* papers from Scientific Reports in 2022. (
  • This year's lowest-earning specialties were the same as they were 5 years ago in Medscape's 2013 Compensation Report. (
  • GippsDairy annual report Melbourne, Victoria: Dairy Australia, 2006. (
  • The Annual Report 2015, which covers the period from July 1, 2014, to June 30, 2015, focuses on how the World Bank is partnering with countries to end extreme poverty by 2030, promote shared prosperity, and support the global sustainable development agenda. (
  • This Annual Report focuses on how two of the World Bank Group's institutions-the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA)-are partnering with countries to end extreme poverty by 2030, promote shared prosperity, and support the global sustainable development agenda. (
  • This Report builds a case for ushering in a paradigm shift towards more proactive drought management across South-East Asia while leveraging the innovative measures underway within Member States. (
  • This article describes the default report. (
  • Traumatic events and their consequences lie at heart of much news reporting. (
  • Get the latest top line research, news, and popular reports. (
  • News reports play the role of ombudsman and levy checks and balances on the establishment. (
  • Toyli Kurbanov, Turkmenistan's ambassador in Yerevan, has rejected as 'absolutely untrue' a Keston News Service report detailing restrictions on the Armenian Church in Turkmenistan. (
  • The Turkmen government and the Moscow Patriarchate both oppose either the reopening of Armenian churches in Turkmenistan or the restoration of a 19th-century church in the town of Turkmenbashi, Keston News Service reported yesterday. (
  • Faulty numbers in a financial report could lead to disastrous consequences. (
  • Ensure that the information on all of your credit reports is correct and up to date. (
  • The National Diabetes Statistics Report provides up-to-date information on the prevalence and incidence of diabetes and prediabetes, risk factors for complications, acute and long-term complications, deaths, and costs. (
  • including 1-bureau credit score access, Equifax credit report lock, and alerts. (
  • Easily lock and monitor your Equifax credit report with alerts. (
  • Place or manage a freeze to restrict access to your Equifax credit report, with certain exceptions. (
  • You'll also receive a monthly Equifax credit report. (
  • Although women are more likely to work part-time, which would give them a lower average income, this report uses full-time salaries for compensation, so part-time work does not account for the difference. (
  • Requires the reporting.track-result-clicks option to be enabled. (
  • Requires the reporting.track-clusters option to be set to a value greater than zero. (
  • Another serious criticism is that the Esplin report could make recommendations on the future of fuel-reduction burning - 'possibly the most sensitive area of the Esplin inquiry' - but failed to do so. (
  • One of the pilots quoted in the report had the strength of character and intellect (based on a few hundred hours of operational aircraft flight experience) to express concern that the design of the F-35 cockpit restricted pilots' ability to see threats to the rear, saying 'aft visibility will get the pilot gunned [down] every time. (
  • People with good credit should check their credit reports too. (
  • The report details our approach to Governance and summarizes much of our social and environmental activity across three chapters of Purpose, Planet and People. (
  • Undiagnosed diabetes was based on fasting plasma glucose and A1C levels among people self-reporting no diabetes. (
  • The Tech details report is a pre-made detail report that helps you identify the technology people use to access your website or app, including their browser, screen resolution, app version, and operating system. (
  • A study conducted in Australia assessed price and affordability of healthy and unhealthy diet and reported that people spend more on unhealthy diets as compared to healthy diets. (
  • Verbal reports differ from written reports in the minutiae of their format, but they still educate or advocate for a course of action. (
  • Modern historians consider the report to be of limited value in terms of evidence because of its intentional distortion of some facts, meant to cover up the wholesale theft of gold and money by various German officials. (
  • The figures in this report provide a selection of indicators for your institution to compare with a group of similar institutions. (
  • The Methodological Notes at the end of the report describe additional information about these indicators and the pre-selected comparison group. (
  • A short summary of the report's contents, called an abstract, may appear in the beginning so that the audience knows what the report will cover. (
  • The inside cover of this report lists the pre-selected comparison group of institutions and the criteria used for their selection. (
  • Refer to Statistics report set for more information. (
  • The theme of silence is discussed throughout the text, a factor present in this psychoanalytic treatment and extremely relevant to the reported experience. (
  • The report also includes a Watch List with three threats that have not spread widely in the U.S. but could become common without continued aggressive action. (
  • The significance of the reports includes: Reports present adequate information on various aspects of the business. (
  • The CWT also includes the Chair, the IPCC Vice-Chairs, the Working Group Co-Chairs, the heads of the Working Group and Synthesis Report Technical Support Units, and the Secretary of the IPCC. (
  • Watson Explorer Engine includes a basic set of default reports. (
  • The report includes the following dimensions . (
  • This Report comes at a critical time. (
  • The report should also put wind in the sail of House Bill 2571 , the e-bike rebate bill currently being considered by the Oregon Legislature ( the bill's first public hearing was recently postponed in part to give lawmakers and supporters time to digest this report. (
  • Place an alert on your credit reports to warn lenders that you may be a victim of fraud or on active military duty. (
  • You may be entitled to additional free credit reports in certain circumstances, such as after placing a fraud alert, becoming unemployed or receiving public assistance, or being denied credit or insurance in the past 60 days. (