Disorders that result from the intended use of PHARMACEUTICAL PREPARATIONS. Included in this heading are a broad variety of chemically-induced adverse conditions due to toxicity, DRUG INTERACTIONS, and metabolic effects of pharmaceuticals.
Systems developed for collecting reports from government agencies, manufacturers, hospitals, physicians, and other sources on adverse drug reactions.
A group of 16-carbon fatty acids that contain no double bonds.
AMINO ALCOHOLS containing the ETHANOLAMINE; (-NH2CH2CHOH) group and its derivatives.
Fatty acid derivatives that have specificity for CANNABINOID RECEPTORS. They are structurally distinct from CANNABINOIDS and were originally discovered as a group of endogenous CANNABINOID RECEPTOR AGONISTS.
Amides composed of unsaturated aliphatic FATTY ACIDS linked with AMINES by an amide bond. They are most prominent in ASTERACEAE; PIPERACEAE; and RUTACEAE; and also found in ARISTOLOCHIACEAE; BRASSICACEAE; CONVOLVULACEAE; EUPHORBIACEAE; MENISPERMACEAE; POACEAE; and SOLANACEAE. They are recognized by their pungent taste and for causing numbing and salivation.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
Large collections of small molecules (molecular weight about 600 or less), of similar or diverse nature which are used for high-throughput screening analysis of the gene function, protein interaction, cellular processing, biochemical pathways, or other chemical interactions.
The process of finding chemicals for potential therapeutic use.
NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE service for health professionals and consumers. It links extensive information from the National Institutes of Health and other reviewed sources of information on specific diseases and conditions.
Drugs intended for human or veterinary use, presented in their finished dosage form. Included here are materials used in the preparation and/or formulation of the finished dosage form.
The molecular designing of drugs for specific purposes (such as DNA-binding, enzyme inhibition, anti-cancer efficacy, etc.) based on knowledge of molecular properties such as activity of functional groups, molecular geometry, and electronic structure, and also on information cataloged on analogous molecules. Drug design is generally computer-assisted molecular modeling and does not include pharmacokinetics, dosage analysis, or drug administration analysis.
The book composed of writings generally accepted by Christians as inspired by God and of divine authority. (Webster, 3d ed)
The use of faith and spirit to cure disease.
The interrelationship of medicine and religion.
The study of religion and religious belief, or a particular system or school of religious beliefs and teachings (from online Cambridge Dictionary of American English, 2000 and WordNet: An Electronic Lexical Database, 1997)
A set of beliefs concerning the nature, cause, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency. It usually involves devotional and ritual observances and often a moral code for the conduct of human affairs. (Random House Collegiate Dictionary, rev. ed.)
Counseling or comfort given by ministers, priests, rabbis, etc., to those in need of help with emotional problems or stressful situations.
Vaccines used to prevent infection by viruses in the family ORTHOMYXOVIRIDAE. It includes both killed and attenuated vaccines. The composition of the vaccines is changed each year in response to antigenic shifts and changes in prevalence of influenza virus strains. The vaccine is usually bivalent or trivalent, containing one or two INFLUENZAVIRUS A strains and one INFLUENZAVIRUS B strain.
An acute viral infection in humans involving the respiratory tract. It is marked by inflammation of the NASAL MUCOSA; the PHARYNX; and conjunctiva, and by headache and severe, often generalized, myalgia.
The type species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS A that causes influenza and other diseases in humans and animals. Antigenic variation occurs frequently between strains, allowing classification into subtypes and variants. Transmission is usually by aerosol (human and most non-aquatic hosts) or waterborne (ducks). Infected birds shed the virus in their saliva, nasal secretions, and feces.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS with the surface proteins hemagglutinin 1 and neuraminidase 1. The H1N1 subtype was responsible for the Spanish flu pandemic of 1918.
Vaccines in which the infectious microbial nucleic acid components have been destroyed by chemical or physical treatment (e.g., formalin, beta-propiolactone, gamma radiation) without affecting the antigenicity or immunogenicity of the viral coat or bacterial outer membrane proteins.
Species of the genus INFLUENZAVIRUS B that cause HUMAN INFLUENZA and other diseases primarily in humans. Antigenic variation is less extensive than in type A viruses (INFLUENZA A VIRUS) and consequently there is no basis for distinct subtypes or variants. Epidemics are less likely than with INFLUENZA A VIRUS and there have been no pandemics. Previously only found in humans, Influenza B virus has been isolated from seals which may constitute the animal reservoir from which humans are exposed.
A subtype of INFLUENZA A VIRUS comprised of the surface proteins hemagglutinin 3 and neuraminidase 2. The H3N2 subtype was responsible for the Hong Kong flu pandemic of 1968.
Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.
Mechanical food dispensing machines.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Patient or client refusal of or resistance to medical, psychological, or psychiatric treatment. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
Individuals licensed to practice medicine.
The administrative process of discharging the patient, alive or dead, from hospitals or other health facilities.
Discontinuance of care received by patient(s) due to reasons other than full recovery from the disease.
Interactions between hospital staff or administrators and patients. Includes guest relations programs designed to improve the image of the hospital and attract patients.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
A readily reversible suspension of sensorimotor interaction with the environment, usually associated with recumbency and immobility.
Suspensions of killed or attenuated microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa), antigenic proteins, synthetic constructs, or other bio-molecular derivatives, administered for the prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious and other diseases.
Suspensions of attenuated or killed viruses administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious viral disease.
Small synthetic peptides that mimic surface antigens of pathogens and are immunogenic, or vaccines manufactured with the aid of recombinant DNA techniques. The latter vaccines may also be whole viruses whose nucleic acids have been modified.
Recombinant DNA vectors encoding antigens administered for the prevention or treatment of disease. The host cells take up the DNA, express the antigen, and present it to the immune system in a manner similar to that which would occur during natural infection. This induces humoral and cellular immune responses against the encoded antigens. The vector is called naked DNA because there is no need for complex formulations or delivery agents; the plasmid is injected in saline or other buffers.
Suspensions of attenuated or killed bacteria administered for the prevention or treatment of infectious bacterial disease.
Works about pre-planned studies of the safety, efficacy, or optimum dosage schedule (if appropriate) of one or more diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques selected according to predetermined criteria of eligibility and observed for predefined evidence of favorable and unfavorable effects. This concept includes clinical trials conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.
Establishment of the level of a quantifiable effect indicative of a biologic process. The evaluation is frequently to detect the degree of toxic or therapeutic effect.
Works about studies performed to evaluate the safety of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques in healthy subjects and to determine the safe dosage range (if appropriate). These tests also are used to determine pharmacologic and pharmacokinetic properties (toxicity, metabolism, absorption, elimination, and preferred route of administration). They involve a small number of persons and usually last about 1 year. This concept includes phase I studies conducted both in the U.S. and in other countries.
Works about studies that are usually controlled to assess the effectiveness and dosage (if appropriate) of diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic drugs, devices, or techniques. These studies are performed on several hundred volunteers, including a limited number of patients with the target disease or disorder, and last about two years. This concept includes phase II studies conducted in both the U.S. and in other countries.
Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.

Barriers to guideline adherence. Based on a presentation by Michael Cabana, MD. (1/1832)

Successful implementation of the Sixth Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC-VI) should improve quality of care by decreasing inappropriate variation and by disseminating new advances to everyday practice. A key component of this process is physician adherence to JNC-VI guidelines. However several reports in the literature show a discrepancy between hypertension guidelines and actual practice. The factors that influence physician behavior change and optimal use of practice guidelines are poorly understood. A combined model that uses the Awareness-to-Adherence Model and Social Cognitive Theory identifies five sequential steps that lead to adherence to a guideline--awareness, agreement, self-efficacy, outcome expectancy, and presence of a cueing mechanism. Barriers to implementation may occur at any of these steps and can be identified with this model. Programs can then be designed to overcome specific barriers. By conceptualizing the underlying issues in physician adherence, the combined model should be useful to guideline developers, practice directors, and health services researchers.  (+info)

Comparison of stage-matched and unmatched interventions to promote exercise behaviour in the primary care setting. (2/1832)

This study examined the effectiveness of stages of change-based counselling for exercise delivered by nurses in four primary care centres. Two-hundred and ninety-four subjects enrolled, recruited from patients attending 30-min health checks. The average age of participants was 42.4 years (SD = 15.1) and 77% were female. Participants completed a questionnaire assessing stage of exercise adoption, self-efficacy and exercise levels. Each centre was assigned to either one of three experimental conditions or to a control condition. Participants were counselled accordingly, receiving either stage-oriented exercise materials with counselling (stage plus counselling), stage-oriented materials without counselling (stage no counselling), non-staged materials with counselling (counselling only) or the current level of advice (control). Sixty-one percent (n = 180) returned follow-up questionnaires. When baseline differences in self-efficacy, age and gender were controlled for, there was no significant group or interaction effect for stage. There was a significant time effect (F = 3.55, P = 0.031). Post hoc analyses showed that significant differences were between baseline and 2 (t = -3.02, P = 0.003) and 6 months (t = -2.67, P = 0.009). No changes in self-efficacy and exercise levels were observed. Stage-based interventions were not superior to the other interventions. All single-contact interventions, while having no impact on exercise behaviour and self-efficacy, did enhance motivation to change.  (+info)

'Instilling the strength to fight the pain and get on with life': learning to become an arthritis self-manager through an adult education programme. (3/1832)

The aim of this study was to determine whether the Arthritis Self-Management Programme (ASMP) is effective in promoting perceived control and self-management ability when delivered in an adult education setting. The study was a pre-test-post-test design based on a sample of 89 people attending an ASMP. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires prior to the intervention and after the intervention, 4 months from baseline. The sample comprised 80% women, with a mean age of 57 years and a mean disease duration of 13 years. Most participants had either osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis. After 4 months, participants demonstrated significant increases in arthritis self-efficacy (P < 0.0005), cognitive symptom management (P < 0.0005), communication with doctors (P = 0.018), exercise (P = 0.003) and relaxation (P < 0.00005). In addition, significant decreases were found in terms of pain (P = 0.034) and visits to other health professionals (P = 0.004). The first evaluation of the ASMP, delivered within the context of adult education, suggests that this form of community health education programme can offer substantial benefits for participants, particularly in terms of perceived ability to control various aspects of arthritis and in greater utilization of cognitive-behavioral techniques.  (+info)

Comparing smoking and smoking cessation process in the Republic of Karelia, Russia and North Karelia, Finland. (4/1832)

STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to assess and validate self reported smoking prevalence and to assess smoking cessation related process variables in the Republic of Karelia, Russia and in North Karelia, Finland. DESIGN: Comparative population surveys of random population samples from both areas in spring 1992. The study included a self administered questionnaire, physical measurements and laboratory tests. The validity of self reported smoking prevalence was assessed by serum cotinine analyses. SETTING: The district of Pitkaranta in the Republic of Karelia, Russia and province of North Karelia, Finland. PARTICIPANTS: The study population was a 25 to 64 year old population in both areas. A stratified random sample of 1000 people in Pitkaranta and 2000 people in North Karelia was drawn from the population registers. In Pitkaranta 380 men and 455 women, and in North Karelia 673 men and 803 women, participated in the survey. RESULTS: The self reported prevalence rates of daily smoking in Pitkaranta were 65% among men and 10% among women. In North Karelia the respective rates were 29% and 13%. Women in Pitkaranta greatly underreported their smoking status, which was assessed by comparing the self reported data to the serum cotinine measurements. The smoking prevalence among women in Pitkaranta would rise from 10% to 21% if all participants with high cotinine values would be regarded as smokers. Compared with smokers in North Karelia, a higher percentage of smokers in Pitkaranta expressed their wish to quit and believed that they would succeed. However, on average they had fewer previous smoking cessation attempts than smokers in North Karelia. In addition, the health personnel in North Karelia were more active in advising smokers to quit. CONCLUSIONS: High smoking prevalence among men in Pitkaranta obviously contributes much to the high premature death rate in the Republic of Karelia. There is considerable underreporting of smoking in Pitkaranta, especially among women, which is probably attributable to the cultural unacceptability of female smoking in Russia. The common wish to quit, few previous cessation attempts and much lower rates of ex smokers, together with less smoking cessation counselling from health personnel, need to be considered in tailoring antismoking interventions in the area.  (+info)

A pragmatic intervention to promote condom use by female sex workers in Thailand. (5/1832)

An overview is presented of a multifaceted intervention to promote consistent condom use by female commercial sex workers in Thailand, in the context of the government's 100% condom use policy for preventing spread of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The project is described with reference to a succession of stages including pre-programme needs assessment, intervention design, implementation and evaluation. The key elements of the intervention were video scenarios and discussions coordinated by health personnel, and video-depicted open-ended narratives aimed at helping sex workers to explore their personal and work-related dilemmas and concerns. A core objective was to enhance sex workers' self-esteem and perceived future with a view to strengthening their motivation to take preventive action against HIV infection. The intervention was evaluated using a combination of qualitative (process evaluation) and quantitative (outcome) methods. The outcome evaluation was undertaken using a pretest, post-test intervention and control group quasi-experimental design. There were significant increases in consistent condom use among the intervention groups but not among the controls. Pragmatic stability is advocated for the Thai sex industry and recommendations are offered for good quality HIV prevention activities.  (+info)

Hip protectors improve falls self-efficacy. (6/1832)

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of use of external hip protectors on subjects' fear of falling and falls self-efficacy (belief in their own ability to avoid falling). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Aged-care health services in Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 131 women aged 75 years or older, who had two or more falls or one fall requiring hospital admission in the previous year and who live at home. Sixty-one subjects were in the intervention group and 70 in the control group. INTERVENTION: Use of external hip protectors and encouragement to use the protectors by an adherence nurse. MEASUREMENTS: At the time of enrolment into a wider study examining the effect of hip protectors on hip fractures, participants recruited at home completed an assessment of fear of falling and falls efficacy as measured by the Falls Efficacy Scale and the Modified Falls Efficacy Scale. At 4-month follow-up, these scales were readministered by an observer who was not aware of the allocation of the participant to intervention or control groups. RESULTS: Fear of falling and falls self-efficacy, as measured by the Falls Efficacy and Modified Falls Efficacy Scales, were similar at baseline in both groups. Fear of falling was present at follow-up in 43% of subjects using hip protectors and 57% of the control group (chi2 = 2.58, P = 0.11). Hip protector users had greater improvement in falls self-efficacy at follow-up as measured by the Falls Efficacy Scale (t = 2.44, P = 0.016) and the Modified Falls Efficacy Scale (t = 2.08, P = 0.039). CONCLUSION: Hip protectors improve falls self-efficacy. As users of hip protectors feel more confident that they can complete tasks safely, they may become more physically active and require less assistance with activities of daily living.  (+info)

Development and evaluation of the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire: a new health status measure for heart failure. (7/1832)

OBJECTIVES: To create a valid, sensitive, disease-specific health status measure for patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). BACKGROUND: Quantifying health status is becoming increasingly important for CHF. The Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire (KCCQ) is a new, self-administered, 23-item questionnaire that quantifies physical limitations, symptoms, self-efficacy, social interference and quality of life. METHODS: To establish the performance characteristics of the KCCQ, two distinct patient cohorts were recruited: 70 stable and 59 decompensated CHF patients with ejection fractions of <40. Upon entry into the study, patients were administered the KCCQ, the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire and the Short Form-36 (SF-36). Questionnaires were repeated three months later. RESULTS: Convergent validity of each KCCQ domain was documented by comparison with available criterion standards (r = 0.46 to 0.74; p < 0.001 for all). Among those with stable CHF who remained stable by predefined criteria (n = 39), minimal changes in KCCQ domains were detected over three months of observation (mean change = 0.8 to 4.0 points, p = NS for all). In contrast, large changes in score were observed among patients whose decompensated CHF improved three months later (n = 39; mean change = 15.4 to 40.4 points, p < 0.01 for all). The sensitivity of the KCCQwas substantially greater than that of the Minnesota Living with Heart Failure and the SF-36 questionnaires. CONCLUSIONS: The KCCQis a valid, reliable and responsive health status measure for patients with CHF and may serve as a clinically meaningful outcome in cardiovascular research, patient management and quality assessment.  (+info)

Self-efficacy as a mediator between stressful life events and depressive symptoms. Differences based on history of prior depression. (8/1832)

BACKGROUND: Self-efficacy, a characteristic that is protective against depressive symptoms, may be undermined by stressful life events. AIMS: To estimate the effects of stressful life events on self-efficacy, and to examine self-efficacy as a mediator of the effect of stressful life events on symptoms of depression. METHOD: Using a sample of 2858 respondents from the longitudinal Americans' Changing Lives study, path analyses were used to evaluate interrelationships between self-efficacy, life events and symptoms of depression controlling for a variety of potentially confounding variables. Separate models were estimated for those with and without prior depression. RESULTS: For those with prior depression, dependent life events had a significant, negative impact on self-efficacy. For those without prior depression, life events had no effect on self-efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: For those with prior depression, self-efficacy mediates approximately 40% of the effect of dependent stressful life events on symptoms of depression.  (+info)

Background: Patient self-efficacy is one of the most important factors in treating and overcoming disease. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of an educational program based on the health belief model on self-efficacy among patients with type 2 diabetes referred to the Iranian Diabetes Association in 2014. Method: A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted. Eighty patients with type 2 diabetes were selected randomly by the double block sample method. They were then divided into two groups of intervention and control (40 patients in each group) by random allocation. Data were collected by a questionnaire based on the Health Belief Model and self-efficacy. The data were gathered two months after the educational program was held. The educational program was designed on the basis of data collected in the pre-test phase. Then, the educational program was executed for the intervention group in 8 sessions (each 30 minutes) using lectures and an educational booklet. Data
TY - JOUR. T1 - Socioeconomic status and exercise self-efficacy in late life. AU - Clark, Daniel O.. AU - Patrick, Donald L.. AU - Grembowski, David. AU - Durham, Mary L.. PY - 1995/8/1. Y1 - 1995/8/1. N2 - Self-efficacy, or assessments about ones ability to carry out particular tasks, has been shown to play a central role in the adoption and maintenance of exercise. The relationship between exercise self-efficacy and socioeconomic status (SES), however, has not been formally developed or tested, and the implications of SES for exercise interventions are not known. We hypothesize pathways through which income, education, and occupation affect self-efficacy and capitalize on the availability of responses from 1944 older HMO enrollees to investigate the direct and indirect associations of SES indicators with exercise self-efficacy. Direct associations of age and education are found. Indirect associations of age, income, education, and occupation operate primarily through previous exercise ...
Low levels of physical activity in children have been linked to an increased risk of obesity, but many children lack confidence in relation to exercise (exercise self-efficacy). Factors which can impact on confidence include a chronic health condition such as asthma, poor motor skills and being overweight. Increasing levels of physical activity have obvious benefits for children with asthma and children who are overweight, but few activity interventions with children specifically target children with low exercise self-efficacy (ESE). This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and feasibility of a schools-based activity programme suitable for children with risk factors for adult obesity, including asthma, overweight and low exercise self-efficacy. A clustered (at the level of school) RCT will be used to compare a targeted, 10 week, stepped activity programme (activity diary, dance DVD, circuit-training and motivational interviewing) designed to promote ESE. We will recruit 20 primary schools to participate
A collaborative study including Dr. Helen Bland, professor of community health and behavior education at the Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health examines American rural womens exercise self-efficacy and awareness of exercise benefits and safety during pregnancy. Though the positive link between physical activity and maternal health is well documented, physical activity declines during pregnancy and, internationally, rural mothers are less likely than urban mothers to engage in physical activity. Some evidence suggests that self-efficacy is related to sustained engagement in physical activity. The purpose of this study was to examine self-efficacy, perceived benefits, and knowledge of safe exercise among 88 rural pregnant women in a southeastern region of the United States. Exercise self-efficacy was significantly related to maternal age and gestation. Women over age 26 years, and those in the second and third trimesters, scored significantly higher than younger women or those in the first trimester
This study examined the relationship between self-concept and self-efficacy in young children to determine the stability of each construct in the context of being presented with experiential information. The relationship between self-concept and self-efficacy in young children was examined to determine the strength of the correlation between the two constructs, as well as their respective relationships with gender. In addition, the stability of each construct was examined. One hundred and sixty-nine first grade students ranging in age from five to six participated in the study. The subjects were drawn from two elementary schools in a suburban town on Long Island, NY. Two instruments were used to assess the variables. The Self-Description Questionnaire I was used to measure global self-concept. The Self-Efficacy Questionnaire was used to measure self-efficacy beliefs pertaining to a select puzzle (tangram) task. The SDQ-I and Self-Efficacy Questionnaire were administered in three time intervals (baseline
This study examined the relationship between anxiety, depression, perceived self-efficacy and biographical variables, before and after the termination of a first trimester pregnancy. Seventy-six participants were recruited from three health facilities in the Western Cape, South Africa. Scores on the State-Trait Anxiety Scale, the Beck Depression Inventory and a Self-Efficacy Scale revealed that high levels of state-anxiety and moderate levels of depression were experienced before abortion. Levels of anxiety and depression generally decreased significantly within a three-week period after the abortion. High self-efficacy was related to lower levels of anxiety and depression. Higher levels of education and self-efficacy and low levels of depression, trait-anxiety and gestational age were significantly related to healthy short-term adjustment. It was shown that pre-abortion depression and self-efficacy scores had the power to predict post-abortion depression.. ...
Many individuals with COPD develop a lack of confidence regarding their ability to avoid breathing difficulty while participating in certain activities, however minimal the physical demands of the activity may be. This lack of confidence may be expressed as low self-efficacy. As a result of low self …
Results Baseline assessment observed no significant differences between experimental and control groups for the variables related to outcomes. For the experimental group, the proportion of subjects with normal HbA1c increased from 4.5% (3/66) at baseline to 28.6% (19/66) at week 28 (p,0.001), but there was insignificant improvement in the control group (3.9% to 11.8%, p=0.13). Repeated measure of analysis of variance showed pronounced improvement in DM self efficacy scale and BMI among the experimental group with significant interaction. Dietary behaviours also improved significantly in the experimental group. ...
Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Confirmatory factor analysis of the Physical Self-Efficacy Scale with a college-aged sample of men and women. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
For the validity and reliability of the self-efficacy scale, 198 adult individuals who had Brazilian-Portuguese as their native language were randomly selected from three Family Health Units in Piracicaba city, SP. Individuals over the age of 18, literate, with no obvious signs of cognitive disturbances and who were not under the influence of alcohol or drugs were invited to participate in the study. The questionnaires were applied in the individuals by the self-completion method after the researcher had explained the aims and methodology of the study.. The means with confidence interval, standard deviation and medians were analyzed. The descriptive analysis that preceded the factorial analyses was recommended in the literature1717 Peters G-JY. The Alpha and the Omega of Scale Reliability and Validity: Why and how to abandon Cronbachs Alpha. Health Psychol Rev 2014; 16:576. as a way to better understand the nature of the data and because it was crucial for the choice of techniques to be used ...
The relationships between age, gender, coping styles, self-efficacy, health status, comorbidity, and health care use and costs were examined in an older HMO population suffering from osteoarthritis. Several models of the relationships between these variables were studied. Comorbidity and self-efficacy together explained 18.6% of the variance in...
The psychometric properties of Chinese version of SCI Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale in patients with stroke Xiaofang Dong,1 Yanjin Liu,2 Aixia Wang,3 Min Wang41Neurology Department, 2Nursing Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan Province, Peoples Republic of ChinaObjective: To test the Chinese version of the SCI Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (C-ESES) in stroke patients and evaluate its validity and reliability.Background: Physical inactivity is a well established and changeable risk factor for stroke, and regular exercise of 3-7 days per week is essential for stroke survivors and the general population. Though regular exercise is beneficial, it has been proved that duration, frequency, and intensity of exercise are generally low in stroke survivors.Methods: The performance of the instrument was assessed intab 350 Chinese stroke survivors and repeated in 50 patients to examine test-retest reliability. Questionnaires included a form on demographic and
Exercise behaviour changes in patients with chronic illnesses and exercise self-efficacy were studied. Fifty-one per cent were in the contemplation stage and 29% in maintenance. Sixty-one per cent of the patients were non-adopters and 39% were adopters. Self-efficacy scores in stages four and five were significantly higher than in stage two. In patients with one chronic condition 55% were non-adopters compared to 71% with more than one condition ...
The proposed intervention uses education to increase knowledge and skill building to influence behavior-specific self-efficacy and outcome expectations. In addition to providing general information regarding drug use and diseases, the cue-cards include information that is designed to raise awareness regarding perceived threats (perceived susceptibility and perceived severity) related to HIV and other STIs and blood-borne infections, which increases motivation to reduce risk behaviors. The cue-cards also provide information regarding risk reduction strategies. The cue-cards also contain instructions on how to anticipate and avoid risky situations (e.g., using alcohol or drugs prior to sex). This information is augmented with an exercise that involves modeling and guided practice. This combination of information and exercises modifies outcome expectations by increasing confidence (i.e., perceived self-efficacy) that a protective action can be ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Predicting long-term maintenance of physical activity in older adults. AU - McAuley, Edward. AU - Jerome, Gerald J.. AU - Elavsky, Steriani. AU - Marquez, David X.. AU - Ramsey, Suzanne N.. PY - 2003/8/1. Y1 - 2003/8/1. N2 - Background. Considerable research has established that self-efficacy is a consistent correlate of physical activity. Additional factors, such as exercise-induced affect, social support, and value judgments, have also been identified as having the potential to influence adherence to activity. This study examined the utility of such variables in predicting the long-term exercise behavior of older adults. Method. In the context of a 6-month randomized controlled trial with an 18-month follow-up, we tested the extent to which adherence during the trial, affective responses to exercise, exercise value, and social support from the exercise group had either a direct or indirect effect through the mediation of exercise self-efficacy on physical activity levels at 6- ...
Using data from the 2004-2007 National Study of Living Learning Programs, the only national dataset offering longitudinal information on outcomes associated with living-learning (L/L) program particip
Chinese patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who received health education did not report enhanced confidence in managing either of their conditions on discharge.. In a qualitative study conducted at a coronary care unit of a major hospital in Shanghai, China, researchers surveyed and interviewed 21 participants at discharge and home follow-up.. In the survey, most participants (n=17; 81%) did not believe they had sufficient education or ability to manage both conditions. More concerning was that most participants (n=16; 76%) reported low self-efficacy in the management of ACS symptoms.. Three major themes were identified from the survey: self-management of ACS and T2DM represents a complex interplay between individual self-efficacy, knowledge and skills, as individuals navigate shifting self-management priorities due to perceived condition severity; the social environment is integral to lifestyle and behaviour change; and managing multiple health ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Demographic and Social-Cognitive Factors Associated with Weight Loss in Overweight, Pre-diabetic Participants of the PREVIEW Study. AU - Hansen, Sylvia. AU - Huttunen-Lenz, Maija. AU - Sluik, Diewertje. AU - Brand-Miller, Jennie. AU - Drummen, Mathijs. AU - Fogelholm, Mikael. AU - Handjieva-Darlenska, Teodora. AU - Macdonald, Ian. AU - Martinez, Alfredo J.. AU - Larsen, Thomas Meinert. AU - Poppitt, Sally. AU - Raben, Anne. AU - Schlicht, Wolfgang. PY - 2018/12/1. Y1 - 2018/12/1. KW - Weight loss. KW - Social-cognitive factors. KW - Behavioral determination. KW - Lifestyle intervention. KW - LIFE-STYLE INTERVENTION. KW - ADAPTIVE SELF-REGULATION. KW - PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY. KW - BEHAVIOR-CHANGE. KW - OUTCOME EXPECTATIONS. KW - GOAL DISENGAGEMENT. KW - UNATTAINABLE GOALS. KW - PREDICTORS. KW - SUPPORT. KW - EXERCISE. U2 - 10.1007/s12529-018-9744-x. DO - 10.1007/s12529-018-9744-x. M3 - Article. C2 - 30128932. VL - 25. SP - 682. EP - 692. JO - International Journal of Behavioral ...
The aim of the present study was to identify whether mother, father, sibling and friend smoking were associated with cognitive vulnerability to smoking among 9-10 year old children from deprived neighbourhoods in Merseyside, England. The results indicate that sibling and friend smoking may represent more salient influences on childrens cognitive vulnerability to smoking than mother and father smoking. Moreover, some differential effects were observed by gender, suggesting that social factors may, in part, influence the antecedents of smoking behaviour in boys and girls differently. These findings extend the LLSS [31-33] and add to the limited evidence base in preadolescent children.. SLT proposes that behaviour, perceptions of behaviour and the environment interact to influence one another [15]. In accordance with SLT [15], parents have previously been considered to be the most important influences on children during the primary school years [53], while peer influences become increasingly more ...
is certainly a chronic disease seen as a high blood sugar levels and triggered either with a deficiency of insulin or a defect in the way the body responds to insulin. pressure has been proven to prevent or delay complications of diabetes.9 Involving patients in their care through self-management is of utmost importance to achieving these goals. Yet self-management is hard to attain and maintain because of the complexity of the processes involved and having less motivation and abilities for some sufferers.10 Frequently reported barriers to self-management11 12 include knowledge deficits poor patient-provider communication low self-efficacy restrictions of your time or resources financial constraints insufficient individualized and coordinated caution and life style differences among family. An extensive overview of 16 research identified obstacles from five different perspectives: psychosocial socioeconomic physical environmental and ethnic.13 It really is widely thought that educating sufferers ...
Background: Smoking is a major risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and smoking cessation is the only intervention that slows disease progression. It is important to know whether current factors related to smoking and smoking cessation are different among subjects with...
Within the last three decades there has been a surge of interest in how teacher beliefs affect the teaching and learning process. A major focus of the research in teacher beliefs has been in understanding the nature of teacher self-efficacy beliefs and how it affects the choices, decisions, and effectiveness of teachers. Bandura's work (1982, 1986, 1993,1996,1997), developed and defended the idea that our beliefs in our abilities affect our behavior, motivation, and ultimately our successes and failures. Bandura (1986), Dewey (1997), and Parajes (1992) suggest beliefs are the best predictors of individual behaviors and that beliefs influence teachers' perceptions, judgments, and practices. This study, a cross-sectional design experiment, examines key variables that might influence teacher expectations. To that end, this study seeks to: (a) provide a limited overview of teachers' self-reported efficacy beliefs; (b) examine the influence of these beliefs on student
The mediating role of sense of community in the relationship among principals characteristics, district characteristics, and self-efficacy beliefs of public school principals in Florida ...
A scale based on underlying core beliefs generated by the experience of epilepsy was developed. The scale, with measures of coping, adaptability, and knowledge, was used to examine the commonly-reported differences in emotional adjustment between patients (EP) and a non-epileptic population (NEP). T …
The principal question is whether more detailed assessment of blood glucose levels using the CGMS system will improve glycaemic control throughout pregnancy without an excessive increase in rates of hyperglycaemia and thereby reduce both maternal and perinatal morbidity. In addition this will allow us to assess the relative contribution of different blood glucose parameters I.e. fasting Vs postprandial to measures of glycaemia (HbA1c) and foetal growth throughout gestation and neonatal hyperinsulinsemia. The effects of intensive monitoring on self-efficacy and quality of life will also be measured. We will also examine in more detail then hitherto possible the frequency, severity and management of hypoglycaemia in pregnancy. A detailed economic evaluation of the costs and benefits of the intervention will also be a vital component of this study. ...
This study evaluated the impact of Katatagan, a culturally adapted, group-based, and mindfulness-informed resilience intervention developed for disaster survivors in the Philippines. The intervention aimed to teach six adaptive coping skills: harnessing strengths, managing physical reactions, managing thoughts and emotions, seeking solutions and support, identifying positive activities, and planning for the future. Pre- and post-intervention assessments were conducted with 163 Typhoon Haiyan survivors. Six-month follow-up assessments were obtained for 37 participants. Pre- and post-results showed improvements in participants self-efficacy on all six coping skills. The 6-month follow-up revealed significant improvements in four of the six coping skills. Focus group discussions conducted at follow-up revealed that mindfulness, self-care, strengths, and reframing were some of the topics that were most memorable to participants. Among these, participants identified mindfulness as a skill that they ...
Self-Efficacy In Nursing|Self efficacy, or the belief that one can self-manage ones own health, is an important goal of health care providers, particularly in
The significance of transfer of training to organizations has been recognized by researchers and managers alike, and the factors affecting the transfer have been the subject of many research studies in the West. Considering the recent growth in training investment and coverage in public enterprises in Nepal without corresponding impact on their performance, the issue of transfer of training has gained importance in our context. This study examines the effect of trainee characteristics, viz.: perceived content validity, learning transfer motivation, and self-efficacy on the level of training transfer and the role of supervisory support in this relationship in the context of Nepali public enterprises. Due to the non-availability of total population, the non-probability sampling method, specifically, quota sampling was used for selecting organizations, and then, managers meeting the pre-defined criteria, were selected for the study. Two hundred ninety-one officials from nine public enterprises ...
Social proof is a term coined by my favourite author/psychologist Robert Cialdini. In his book, he wrote about how we tend to view a behaviour as more correct in a given situation when we see other people performing it.. In that sense, if you see some one with back pain lifting heavy weights, you are more inclined to think that lifting heavy weight for back pain is acceptable or good for you.. By extension of that, you may start to perceive yourself being able to do more in spite of your pain.. To increase self-efficacy with social proof, start looking into what more people in a comparable circumstance as you can do.. Look into how many professional athletes return to sport after surgery. If they can push their bodies to perform at the highest level despite their injuries, sitting at the computer or climbing stairs pain-free is really not a big ask.. When we watch other people perform, we inevitable compare ourselves to them.. If they can do it, why cant I?. If I dont think much of their ...
Grandma can be quite a peculiar character, and in this hub I want to tell her story through the lens of the Transtheoretical Model of Change.
In both arms, patients receive counseling calls over 15-30 minutes the week before quit date (QD), on QD, 3-5 days after QD, 7-10 days after QD, 15-30 days after QD, 45-60 days after QD, and on day 90 after QD. Patients complete questionnaires for alcohol- and smoking-related measures, self efficacy, stress/negative affects/depression, social support, and physical activity at baseline and weeks 12, 26 and 52 after QD. ...
ONYISHI, Ike E. and OGBODO, Elizabeth. The contributions of self-efficacy and perceived organisational support when taking charge at work. SA j. ind. Psychol. [online]. 2012, vol.38, n.1, pp.1-11. ISSN 2071-0763.. ORIENTATION: Taking charge as an extra role in the workplace is necessary for the survival of modern firms. Therefore, understanding the personal and organisational factors when one takes charge is critical for organisations. RESEARCH PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to investigate the contributions of self-efficacy and perceived organisational support when taking charge at work. MOTIVATION FOR THE STUDY: Although many previous studies have examined the antecedents of taking charge in North American business environments, we know little about taking charge in the developing economies of Africa. Research about taking charge will provide valuable information for managers of businesses in developing countries in Africa. RESEARCH DESIGN, APPROACH AND METHOD: This study used a ...
Virtually all people can identify goals they want to accomplish, things they would like to change, and things they would like to achieve. However, most people also realize that putting these plans into action is not quite so simple. Bandura and others have found that an individuals self-efficacy plays a major role in how goals, tasks, and challenges are approached. People with a strong sense of self-efficacy ...
What are barriers to patients being able to take charge of their health and successfully manage their health? There are psychosocial factors such as depression, stress, lack of resources, etc. There are still traditional views held by both clinicians and patients that encourage patients to be a passive recipient of care. And there are constructs such as self-efficacy and
In this monitoring brief, we explore young peoples sense of self-efficacy and whether they have ever acted to make a difference in their communities. Read more.... ...
The study examined the effectiveness of self efficacy component of the health action process approach (HAPA), and religiosity in the treatment of substance use disorders. Results indicated that belief leading to the adoption, initiation and maintenance of health behaviours must be explicitly conceived by patients as a process that consists of at least a motivation phase and volition phase, leading to positive outcomes in compliance and abstinence maintenance for the treatment of substance use disorders. However if patients do not believe in their capability to perform the desired action, they would fail to adopt, initiate and maintain it leading to frequent relapses. Using group cognitive-behaviour therapy among male patients, self efficacy and religiosity were found to be effective components of cognitive behaviour therapy in substance use disorders as this led to high compliance and sustained abstinence over a six month assessment period, when compared with patients who did not have this ...
Results: 200 patients (41.3%) responded to the survey. At 7-10 months following treatment initiation, 9.5% of patients were not at all troubled by lack of knee confidence; 39.5% were mildly troubled; 31.5% were moderately troubled; 15.5% were severely troubled; and 4% were extremely troubled. Patients with higher arthritis self-efficacy score were more likely to have higher knee confidence (odds ratio [OR] = 0.76; 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.63, 0.93; P = 0.007). Patients with higher KOOS ADL score were more likely to have higher knee confidence, although this association was small (OR = 0.96; 95% CI 0.93, 0.99; P = 0.006). No association was found between knee confidence and exercise self-efficacy (OR = 1.00; 95% CI 0.99, 1.01; P = 0.90). Patients reflected on seeing great improvements in their confidence, pain and mobility with the programme. They felt their symptoms got worse if they did not keep up with the exercises. Patients reflected on the importance of continued contact with their ...
The 45 disadvantaged and delinquent teenage participants received 30 minutes of guitar lessons for three months and were randomly assigned to one of the following five conditions: (1) received 30 minutes of performance practice; (2) received 15 minutes rational emotive therapy and 15 minutes of performance practice; (3) received 30 minutes of rational emotive therapy; (4) observed their peers perform for 30 minutes; or (5) only the 30 minute guitar lessons. The students were assessed on self-efficacy and self-esteem at the beginning of the study, three months later at the end of instruction, and again one month later. Self-efficacy was assessed using the Self-Efficacy Scale and self-esteem was measured using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem measure. Analyses of variance (ANOVAs) and multiple analyses of variance (MANOVAs) were used to test the effects of the different conditions and the times the participants were tested on their self-esteem and self-efficacy.. ...
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of distraction (auditory or visual) versus no distraction during exercise on feeling states in healthy adult aerobic exercisers. Hypotheses: 1) Healthy adults who aerobically exercise using distraction (auditory or visual) will report improvement in their post-exercise feeling states as compared to their pre-exercise feeling states during the single aerobic exercise session, 2) Auditory distraction will impact feeling states more positively as compared to visual distraction or no distraction when used during aerobic exercise; and 3) Exercise self-efficacy has a moderating influence on feeling states during aerobic exercise. Feeling states were measured by the Exercise-Induced Feelings Inventory (EFI) comprised of four subscales (revitalization, positive engagement, physical exhaustion, and tranquility). Exercise self-efficacy was measured using the Exercise Self-Efficacy Scale (ESE). METHODS: A quasi-experimental three-group pretest-posttest design with ...
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a community patient education -exercise programme, using a cognitive-behavioural approach, for people with fibromyalgia. DESIGN: A randomized, parallel group trial with assessments at 0, 4 and 8 months. SETTING: Community leisure centres. SUBJECTS: People with fibromyalgia (n=183) attending a rheumatology outpatient department at a large district general hospital. INTERVENTIONS: Participants were randomized to a patient education-exercise group (n=97) or relaxation (attention control) group (n=86). MAIN MEASURES: The Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (0-80; lower score means better health). Secondary outcomes included: the Arthritis Self-Efficacy Scale(pain and other symptoms subscales: 1 -10 scale; higher scores mean greater self-efficacy) and self-reported improvement. RESULTS: Fifty participants withdrew or were unable to attend and 133 completed and returned baseline questionnaires: patient education group (n=71); relaxation group (n=62); 120/133 ...
International Journal of Exercise Science 8(3): 234-242, 2015. The anxiety or fear associated with physique evaluation is defined as Social Physique Anxiety (SPA). Numerous studies have examined this construct, yet a gap exists exploring this phenomenon among current college students with SPA, self-efficacy, and gender concurrently. Therefore, the purposes of this study included quantitatively analyzing the association between SPA, gender, and self-efficacy. Participants included 237 students at a Southeastern university participating in jogging, body conditioning, or weight training courses. Analysis of Variance yielded a significant main effect for self-efficacy as well, as those with lower self-efficacy displayed higher levels of SPA (p| 0.001). Stepwise regression analysis indicated self-efficacy and gender were both significant predictors of SPA. This information could aid in creating interventions designed to decrease the prevalence of SPA and increase levels of self-efficacy among the current
TY - JOUR. T1 - Exploring social cognitive theory constructs for promoting exercise among breast cancer patients. AU - Rogers, Laura Q.. AU - Matevey, Courtney. AU - Hopkins-Price, Patricia. AU - Shah, Prabodh. AU - Dunnington, Gary. AU - Courneya, Kerry S.. PY - 2004/11/1. Y1 - 2004/11/1. N2 - Physical activity during breast cancer treatment can significantly reduce treatment-related fatigue and improve quality of life. Unfortunately, the majority of women with breast cancer either do not exercise at all or exercise below recommended levels. Little is known about how to enhance physical activity among breast cancer patients. The social cognitive theory, a useful framework for the design of physical activity interventions, has not been studied among breast cancer patients. Our study purpose was to explore physical activity knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors among breast cancer patients during adjuvant therapy utilizing social cognitive theory constructs in preparation for a larger, survey study ...
This research was encouraged by the tremendous demand for teachers. Two million new teachers will be needed in the United States over the next decade. The teacher shortage has school administration, school boards, education agencies, and institutions of higher education investigating how to train and retain more teachers. Alternative certification programs have been developed to address the teacher shortage. This study examined the effectiveness of traditionally and alternatively certified teachers in two separate programs with regard to their self-efficacy, perception of their training, and their ExCET scores. Traditional candidates (10) and alternative candidates (74) were examined using survey research. According to this data on self-efficacy, perception of training, and ExCET passing rates, there is no significant difference between those teachers who receive traditional training and those who are trained in alternative certification programs.
Preferred health behaviors and quality of life of the elderly people in Poland Mateusz Cybulski,1 Elzbieta Krajewska-Kulak,1 Jacek Jamiolkowski2 1Department of Integrated Medical Care, 2Department of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess possible differences between a group of residents of public nursing homes (PNH) and a group of members of Universities of the Third Age (UTA) measured using standard psychometric scales.Materials and methods: The research was conducted between January 3, 2013 and February 15, 2014 on a group of 200 residents of PNH and 200 members of the UTA using five psychometric scales: Standardized Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Standardized Health Behavior Inventory (HBI), Standardized Social Support Scale (SSS), Standardized General Self-efficacy Scale (GSES), and Standardized Multiple Health Locus of Control Scale (MHLC).Results: The average point total in the
Objectives: Sustaining physical capacity and reducing psychological symptoms are important, person-centered aims in the disease management of patients with occupational lung diseases. Self-efficacy is an individual resource that appears crucial in disease management. The objective of this study is to explore the association between the severity of disease, psychological risk, self-efficacy and physical capacity.,br /,,br /,Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 197 patients (age: M = 69.9 years) with occupational lung diseases were included at the beginning of inpatient rehabilitation. The parameters were objectively (FEV,sub,1%pred,/sub,, FVC%pred) and subjectively measured severity of disease (mMRC), psychological risk (HADS-D, CRQ Emotion), self-efficacy (CSES-D) and physical capacity (6MWD).,br /,,br /,Results: Illness-specific self-efficacy is significantly correlated with FEV,sub,1%pred,/sub,, FVC%pred, perceived dyspnoea, depression, anxiety and physical capacity. Structural equation models ...
Explanatory theories often describe factors that contribute to health problems, or interfere with prevention activities, and thus provide targets for change. One such theory is the Health Belief Model (HBM) which addresses perceptions of the health problem. These perceptions include the degree of threat in terms of susceptibility and severity, any benefits to be obtained by avoiding the perceived threat, and various internal (e.g., self-efficacy) and external (e.g., barriers to care) factors that influence the individuals decision to act. Other theories emphasize motivations that influence a continuum of stages of behavioral change. The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) of behavior change is a theory of this type. The response to chronic illness and the illness experience itself can be described by these models. In managing chronic disease, there are coping strategies and behavior changes that support optimal outcomes and therapeutic interventions can be designed for greater effectiveness by using ...
Discussion Questions: 1. How do Banduras and Rotters social cognitive theories differ from biological theories of personality? 2. How do Milgrams results - particularly the finding that the remoteness of the victim affected.
Material and Methods: Twenty-four patients with breast cancer selected through purposive sampling method and randomly assigned with permutation blocks in two groups of intervention (n = 12) and control (n = 12). The groups were assessed by demographic questionnaire, Perceived Pain Scale, and Pain Self-efficacy Scale before, immediate, and 1 month after the intervention. Participants in the interventional group received MiCBT for 8 weeks ...
Patients belonging to the surgical group reported a higher frequency of drinking soda (p-
Even remotely using Facebook and Skype, Team Pit-a-Full helped me train and rehabilitate into social environment a rescued, abused, and scared Pit. Starting from the assessment interview, the questions, and the outcome expectations setting. Everything was right on! Love you guys!!!. Vote: BEST Training. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Fattori di protezione e di rischio nelluso di alcol e droga in adolescenza. AU - Gerbino, Maria. AU - Pastorelli, Concetta. AU - Vecchio, Giovanni Maria. AU - Paciello, Marinella. AU - Tramontano, Carlo. PY - 2005/12/3. Y1 - 2005/12/3. N2 - This study aims at examining the role of a number of protective (such as self efficacy in different domains, and family functioning) and risk factors (such as externalizing and internalizing behaviors) related to severe alcohol and drug in boys and girls during adolescence. As a part of a longitudinal project, 481 adolescents (240 boys and 241 girls) participating at the study were examined at time 1: mean age 13 and at time 2: mean age 18. Three groups of subjects were identified on the basis of their frequency and of co-occurrence of alcohol and drug abuse (no user, only alcohol user and multiple drug user). Results showed that: a) boys are more at risk than girls for multiple drug use; b) using alcohol and drugs is a frequent coping ...
Number 1 The examination of the effects of health educators in the self efficacy otherwise known as locus of control in teenagers would lead in a seemingly endl...
The research is based on the trend of broadening unique teacher training programs. It is a mixed-method research aiming to explore the motives of three groups of Graduate-Retraining-Program (GRP) who opted for teaching as a second career and their self-efficacy The research population comprises 82 participants from three specialized teachers education programs. Tools include a closed self-efficacy and a semi-structured motivation questionnaires and interviews. Findings: motives relate mostly to psycho-ideological aspects; three efficacy dimensions relating to Teaching Tasks (TT), Teacher-Student Relations (TSR), and Influence in the Organization (IO); The TT dimension is the highest, while the IO dimension is the lowest. A clear difference between the groups is reflected in the TT dimension. The research expands the viewpoint of the decision-makers as regards the benefit of unique teacher education paths in assisting the absorption of academics into teaching as a second career.
Research shows that Canary Healths Digital Self-Efficacy Support program, Better Choices, Better Health, improves lives and reduces costs.
Patients confidence with colorectal cancer screening procedures is predictive of their likelihood to schedule and follow through with screening.
Topic: Supervisor Communication Authors, Title and Publication Mayfield, J., & Mayfield, M. (2012). The relationship between leader motivating language
Efficacy. There is a general scientific consensus that alternative therapies lack the requisite scientific validation, and ... Ernst, E. (2005). "The efficacy of herbal medicine -- An overview". Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology. 19 (4): 405-09. doi: ... Dasgupta, Amitava; Hammett-Stabler, Catherine A (2011). Herbal Supplements: Efficacy, Toxicity, Interactions with Western Drugs ... "Kessler refers to a lack of efficacy but never pushes back at Hatch by enumerating the dangers that unregulated products pose ...
The issue here is defining "efficacy". Efficacy has many meanings in medicine - not just vaccines. Some measures of efficacy ... This is why it's never sufficient to say "well the Pfizer vaccine has an efficacy of 95% and the J&J has an efficacy of 85%" - ... What is the efficacy of a previous COVID infection against another infection?[edit]. The Pfizer vaccine, for example, is over ... For the purposes of this answer, I'm going to assume you're interested in any efficacy information, and I'll make it clear what ...
Efficacy[edit]. Fesoterodine has the advantage of allowing more flexible dosage than other muscarinic antagonists.[5] Its ...
Clinical efficacy[edit]. Yohimbine has been used to treat female sexual dysfunction, but there are few reported clinical trials ... Although well-tolerated and safe, even when greatly exceeding the likely therapeutic range, it is obvious that the efficacy of ... no published scientific evidence supports their efficacy. ...
Efficacy[edit]. While the use of robotic surgery has become an item in the advertisement of medical services, there is a lack ...
Effects on therapeutic efficacy[edit]. It has been reported that mammalian glycosylation can improve the therapeutic efficacy ... For example, therapeutic efficacy of recombinant human interferon gamma, expressed in HEK 293 platform, was improved against ... "Improved therapeutic efficacy of mammalian expressed-recombinant interferon gamma against ovarian cancer cells". Experimental ...
Antimicrobial efficacy[edit]. The broad-spectrum effectiveness of most bleaches is due to their general chemical reactivity ...
Efficacy[edit]. The efficacy of chemotherapy depends on the type of cancer and the stage. The overall effectiveness ranges from ... These transporters pump out most chemotherapy drugs, which reduces their efficacy for treatment of brain tumors. Only small ... Wagstaff AJ, Ibbotson T, Goa KL (2003). "Capecitabine: a review of its pharmacology and therapeutic efficacy in the management ... Chitwood K, Etzkorn J, Cohen G (Sep 2013). "Topical and intralesional treatment of nonmelanoma skin cancer: efficacy and cost ...
Fabricated efficacy studies[edit]. On March 11, 2009, Scott S. Reuben, former chief of acute pain at Baystate Medical Center, ... "Vioxx: an unequal partnership between safety and efficacy". Lancet. 364 (9442): 1287-8. 2004. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(04)17198-5 ... This was largely based on the VIGOR (Vioxx GI Outcomes Research) study, which compared the efficacy and adverse effect profiles ... The VIGOR (Vioxx GI Outcomes Research) study, conducted by Bombardier, et al., which compared the efficacy and adverse effect ...
Efficacy[edit]. As muscarine works on the muscarinic acetylcholine receptor, the best comparison can be made with acetylcholine ...
Clinical efficacy[edit]. In clinical trials, desvenlafaxine demonstrated a significant superiority to placebo both in changes ... Thase ME, Kornstein SG, Germain JM, Jiang Q, Guico-Pabia C, Ninan PT (March 2009). "An integrated analysis of the efficacy of ... Soares CN, Kornstein SG, Thase ME, Jiang Q, Guico-Pabia CJ (October 2009). "Assessing the efficacy of desvenlafaxine for ...
Efficacy[edit]. The use of lasers in treating periodontal disease has been seen by some dental professionals as controversial.[ ...
Efficacy[edit]. Despite claims that GSE has antimicrobial effects,[11] there is no scientific evidence that GSE has such ... Eleraky NZ, Potgieter LN, Kennedy MA (2002). "Virucidal efficacy of four new disinfectants". J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 38 (3): 231- ... A study that examined possible antiviral properties of GSE found that it had no efficacy as a disinfectant for feline ... von Woedtke T, Schlüter B, Pflegel P, Lindequist U, Jülich WD (June 1999). "Aspects of the antimicrobial efficacy of grapefruit ...
"Sustained Efficacy - Merck Neurology". Merck Neurology. Retrieved 28 September 2018.. *^ Guarnera, C; Bramanti, P; Mazzon, E ( ... Efficacy[edit]. Cladribine is an effective treatment for relapsing remitting MS, with a reduction in the annual rate of ... Patients should be followed up regularly by their treating neurologist to assess efficacy, and should be able to contact their ... safety and efficacy in children has not been established.[7] ... "Safety and efficacy of cladribine tablets in patients with ...
Efficacy and marketing claims[edit]. SKAK[edit]. In 2004, the Swiss Study Group for Complementary and Alternative Methods in ... Making sweeping, unsubstantiated claims of efficacy. Rath has claimed that his vitamin treatments can cure all forms of cancer ... Using a self-developed test of efficacy, rather than using widely accepted and verified tests and endpoints. ... by making claims of efficacy without undergoing the appropriate scientific and regulatory review.[50][53] ...
... efficiency or efficacy[edit]. There is a need for efficacy, efficiency or effectiveness of sousveillance, which ...
Efficacy[edit]. The efficacy and tolerability of almotriptan has been studied in numerous randomised, controlled trials ... Almotriptan has similar efficacy as a standard dose of sumatriptan, another triptan drug, and fewer adverse effects.[3] ... Tolerability and efficacy of almotriptan in the long-term treatment of migraine, J. Pascual et al. (Eur Neurol 2001;45:206-213) ... Its efficacy is significantly more effective than placebo and alleviates nausea, photophobia and phonophobia linked to migraine ...
Evaluating efficacy[edit]. Evaluating and predicting the efficacy of a public health intervention, as well as calculating cost ...
Efficacy[edit]. As of 2007[update] there were not enough good-quality trials of herbal therapies to allow their effectiveness ... Efficacy[edit]. Further information: Acupuncture § Effectiveness, and Acupuncture § Safety. A 2013 editorial by Steven P. ... 2009). "Efficacy and safety of natural acetylcholinesterase inhibitor huperzine A in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease: an ... efficacy and toxicity testing are based on traditional knowledge rather than laboratory analysis.[12] The toxicity in some ...
Efficacy[edit]. Studies have investigated the efficacy of alpha-GPC for cognitive disorders including stroke and Alzheimer's ...
1 Efficacies *1.1 Cannabinoids and cannabinoid receptors. *1.2 Biochemical mechanisms in the brain ...
a b c Vining EP, Freeman JM, Ballaban-Gil K, Camfield CS, Camfield PR, Holmes GL, et al. A multicenter study of the efficacy of ... Efficacy. The ketogenic diet reduces seizure frequency by more than 50% in half of the patients who try it and by more than 90 ... Efficacy of the ketogenic diet as a treatment option for epilepsy: meta-analysis. J Child Neurol. 2006 Mar;21(3):193-8. doi: ... The efficacy of the ketogenic diet-1998: a prospective evaluation of intervention in 150 children. Pediatrics. 1998 Dec;102(6): ...
Efficacy[edit]. A 2003 meta-analysis on the efficacy of hypnotherapy concluded that "the efficacy of hypnosis is not verified ... It is used for a wide variety of applications, and studies into its efficacy are often of poor quality[2] which makes it ... Two Cochrane reviews in 2012 concluded that there was insufficient evidence to support its efficacy in managing the pain of ... Several recent meta-analyses and systematic reviews of the literature on various conditions have concluded that the efficacy of ...
Efficacy[edit]. Vasectomy is the most effective permanent form of contraception available to men. In nearly every way that ... Trussell, James (2011). "Contraceptive efficacy". In Hatcher, Robert A.; Trussell, James; Nelson, Anita L.; Cates, Willard Jr ... Despite its high efficacy, in the United States, vasectomy is utilized less than half the rate of the alternative female tubal ...
Efficacy[edit]. The phase III trial for approval was published in 2000 as an industry-funded randomised, placebo-controlled ... Camilleri, M.; Northcutt A.R.; Kong S.; Dukes G.E.; McSorley D.; Mangel A.W. (25 March 2000). "Efficacy and safety of alosetron ... The FDA's Gastrointestinal Drugs Advisory Committee referred to the drug's efficacy as "modest", highlighting that the placebo ...
Vaccine Efficacy[edit]. Immunosignatures were used to test if the efficacy of a vaccine could be predicted (in mice), using ... Legutki JB, Johnston SA: "Immunosignatures can predict vaccine efficacy", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences doi: ... "Immunosignatures can predict vaccine efficacy". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of ...
a b c d National Health and Medical Research Council (Australia). A systematic review of the efficacy and safety of ... Reviews have shown that water fluoridation reduces cavities in children.[3][22][55] A conclusion for the efficacy in adults is ... A systematic review of the efficacy and safety of fluoridation. Evid. Based Dent.. 2008;9(2):39-43. doi:10.1038/sj.ebd.6400578 ... Fluoridation opponents questioned the ethics, safety, and efficacy of fluoridation.[84] New Zealand was the second country to ...
Efficacy[edit]. Amputation[edit]. Those arguing in favor of that the hudud punishment of amputation for theft often describe ...
Efficacy[edit]. Several studies have been conducted in recent years to investigate what role, if any, static magnetic fields ... A meta-analysis of the efficacy of rTMS in psychiatric disorders. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 71(7), 873. ...
Efficacy against pathogenic bacteria[edit]. During the early 20th century, there was no robust knowledge of what time and ... Therefore, the presence of alkaline phosphatase is an ideal indicator of pasteurization efficacy.[40][41] For liquid eggs, the ... As a result of the unsuitability of microbiological techniques, milk pasteurization efficacy is typically monitored by checking ...
Palmitoylethanolamide for the treatment of pain: pharmacokinetics, safety and efficacy. Gabrielsson, Linda Umeå universitet, ...
Look up efficacy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.. Efficacy is the ability to perform a task to a satisfactory or expected ... The definition of efficacy has been object for discussion.[4] The only way in which absolute measures of efficacy have been ... in Lutheran but also in Calvinist doctrine) efficacy is an attribute of Scripture. The efficacy of Scripture means that it is ... Intrinsic activity is a relative term for a drugs efficacy relative to a drug with the highest observed efficacy.[3] It is a ...
Efficacy of prayer, in "Sermons" B.H. Greene Press, Boston, 1849, pages 252-255 George Burnap, The efficacy of prayer in " ... The efficacy of prayer is about the outcome of prayer requests. This topic has been discussed in many fields such as theology, ... The efficacy of prayer has been the topic of various scientific studies since Francis Galton first addressed it in 1872. In ... The Efficacy of "Distant Healing" A Systematic Review of Randomized Trials Annals of Internal Medicine June 6, 2000 vol. 132 no ...
... Wes Cherry Wed, 18 Jul 2018 09:30:29 -0700 ... Efficacy , , Different person producing the rating Art. , , On Tue, Jul 17, 2018 at 7:48 PM Arthur Kelly ,[email protected] ...
Estimates of the efficacy of IIV among children aged ≥6 months vary by season and study design. Limited efficacy data are ... Superior efficacy of Fluzone High-Dose compared to Fluzone SD-IIV3 was demonstrated in a large randomized comparative efficacy ... Comparisons of LAIV3/4 and IIV Efficacy or Effectiveness. Studies comparing the efficacy of IIV3 to that of LAIV3 among adults ... efficacy for 1 dose was 86% (95%CI 75, 92) for this virus. The overall efficacy for any influenza during the two seasons was 92 ...
Estimates of the efficacy of IIV among children aged ≥6 months vary by season and study design. Limited efficacy data are ... Comparisons of LAIV3/4 and IIV Efficacy or Effectiveness. Studies comparing the efficacy of IIV3 to that of LAIV3 among adults ... Immunogenicity, Efficacy, and Effectiveness of Inactivated Influenza Vaccines. *Immunogenicity, Efficacy, and Effectiveness of ... efficacy for 1 dose was 86% (95% CI = 75-92) for this virus. The overall efficacy for any influenza during the two seasons was ...
The efficacy of the influenza vaccine when given to patients with multiple sclerosis is similar to that in healthy controls, ... The efficacy of the influenza vaccine when given to patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) is similar to that in healthy ... In contrast, the nine studies included in the meta-analysis contained data on influenza vaccine efficacy as reflected in the ... Cite this: Influenza Vaccine Efficacy Undiminished in MS - Medscape - Jul 13, 2020. ...
Efficacy of rubella vaccination.. Br Med J 1978; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.6134.433-b (Published 05 August 1978) ...
Immunosignatures can predict vaccine efficacy. Joseph Barten Legutki and Stephen Albert Johnston. *. Center for Innovations in ... diagnostic technology could be applied to predict vaccine efficacy. Immunosignatures are produced by profiling the antibody ...
Efficacy of rubella vaccination.. Br Med J 1978; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.6138.697-c (Published 02 September 1978) ...
... special claims of efficacy could be legally attributed to cosmetic products but under the obligation to make evidence of the ... Cosmetics: Controlled Efficacy Studies and Regulation. P. Elsner,Hans F. Merk,Howard I. Maibach. No preview available - 2013. ... Cosmetics: Controlled Efficacy Studies and Regulation. Peter Elsner,Hans F. Merk,Howard I. Maibach. Snippet view - 1999. ... special claims of efficacy could be legally attributed to cosmetic products but under the obligation to make evidence of the ...
This book provides the information to choose the right methods for proving efficacy and/or safety of all types of cosmetics. ... and distributors of cosmetics are required to keep a dossier of products containing information on product safety and efficacy ... Cosmetics: Controlled Efficacy Studies and Regulation. P. Elsner,Hans F. Merk,Howard I. Maibach. No preview available - 2013. ... Cosmetics: Controlled Efficacy Studies and Regulation. P. Elsner,Hans F. Merk,Howard I. Maibach. Limited preview - 2012. ...
India is conducting its own study on the vaccines efficacy. "One of the reasons for low mortality due to Covid-19 in India is ... Study confirms BCG vaccine efficacy. BCG protects against childhood tuberculosis (TB) in countries such as India, where it is ...
c-e The efficacy of the canonical site types observed in Drosophila 3′ UTRs (c), ORFs (d), and 5′ UTRs (e). These panels are as ... They also can help predict targeting efficacy [51, 57]. Indeed, sites with greater PCT scores tended to confer more repression ... 2b), even though these three 6-nt sites had similar efficacies in our repression data (Fig. 1c). Conversely, the 5′ UTR 7mer-A1 ... a The increased efficacy in Drosophila of sites with an A across from miRNA position 1. Shown is the response of mRNAs to the ...
Tramadol Ondansetron Remifentanil Postoperative Nausea Analgesic Efficacy These keywords were added by machine and not by the ...
There are several diets and tools but their quality and efficacy may vary from being completely ineffective to being harmful. ... Fad Diet Examples and Efficacy. News-Medical. https://www.news-medical.net/health/Fad-Diet-Examples-and-Efficacy.aspx. ( ... Fad Diet Examples and Efficacy. News-Medical, viewed 26 July 2021, https://www.news-medical.net/health/Fad-Diet-Examples-and- ... Fad Diet Examples and Efficacy. News-Medical. 26 July 2021. ,https://www.news-medical.net/health/Fad-Diet-Examples-and- ...
Disclaimer: The information provided on HealthWorld Online is for educational purposes only and IS NOT intended as a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek professional medical advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition ...
... Intertek provides the developers and manufacturers of antimicrobial products with the highest ... Antimicrobial Efficacy of Surface Disinfectants. Many consumer and medical products are treated with surface antimicrobial ... Intertek provides a comprehensive range of antimicrobial efficacy testing for a range of products such as medical devices, ... JIS Z 2801 - Antibacterial products - Test for antibacterial activity and efficacy - Antimicrobial test on plastic and ...
Bird flu vaccine efficacy to be tested *Staph vaccine has promise and limitations ...
Cite this: Device Shows Long-term Efficacy for Intractable Seizures - Medscape - Dec 05, 2017. ...
With Phase II efficacy-related failure rates as high as 57%, many companies are seeking ways to improve their outcomes and ... COVID-19 search strategies in PharmaPendium: Focus on drug safety and efficacy. Marnix Wieffer. 10 September 2020 ... Optimizing clinical trial design with extracted efficacy data. Around 90% of the small molecule drugs that enter clinical ... is even more critical to mitigate the risk of failed clinical trials or arms due to suboptimal study design or poor efficacy. ...
To see whether these issues have an impact on efficacy as well, the researchers analyzed all phase II and III clinical-trial ... Although the efficacy of antidepressants remained significant regardless of whether unpublished studies were considered, the ... The findings were limited by restriction to industry-sponsored trials registered with the FDA and to issues of efficacy rather ... "Selective publication of antidepressant trials and its influence on apparent efficacy" N Engl J Med 2008; 358: 252-60. ...
... By Jane Collingwood Last updated: 8 Oct 2018. ~ 3 min read ... Collingwood, J. (2018). The Efficacy of Postpartum Depression Screening. Psych Central. Retrieved on September 20, 2019, from ... Home » Depression » The Efficacy of Postpartum Depression Screening. .fn{margin:-2px 0 0 0;font-size:90%!important}.time-read{ ... https://psychcentral.com/lib/the-efficacy-of-postpartum-depression-screening/. .jpm-bottom{margin:0 0 0 20px}.jpmm{margin:-20px ...
Quality, safety and efficacy of medicines WHOs mandate is to "develop, establish and promote international standards with ... Safety and efficacy of medicines. Alerts, pharmacovigilance, information exchange, utilization of medicines ...
Efficacy. Biofeedback Glossary > Disorders & Treatment How we rate the efficacy of our treatments or how to know if our ... Efficacy vs. Clinical Effectiveness :. Efficacy is determined by evaluating formal studies done on each disorder. When a study ... Efficacy ratings for biofeedback based treatments: Please see Yucha and Gilberts 2004 review of efficacy ratings for most of ... The following efficacy ratings are taken from the Yucha/Gilbert text. Additional references are available in the text. ...
Antibiotic efficacy is linked to bacterial cellular respiration. Michael A. Lobritz, Peter Belenky, Caroline B. M. Porter, ... Further, we show that the efficacy of bactericidal drugs can be improved by increasing basal respiration, and we identify a ... 1987) Multicenter collaborative evaluation of a standardized serum bactericidal test as a predictor of therapeutic efficacy in ... Further, changes in basal rates of cellular respiration can specifically tune the efficacy of bactericidal antibiotics. We ...
Self-Efficacy as a Catalyst for Change. Perceptions of health disparities among African Americans.. Posted Jul 22, 2018 ... One answer is to increase self-efficacy about healthy lifestyle choices to help individuals to believe that they can solve ... Groh and Moran (2016) found that increasing self-efficacy and patient empowerment may be a solution for positive health ... If You Think You Cant… Think Again: The Sway of Self-Efficacy ...
New research suggests that timing herbicide application to the biological clocks of plants may improve both its efficacy and ...
Why Psychotherapy Efficacy Studies Are Nearly Impossible. Scientifically-valid therapy outcome studies are devilishly difficult ...
  • Estimates of vaccine efficacy (i.e., prevention of illness among vaccinated persons enrolled in controlled clinical trials) and vaccine effectiveness (i.e., prevention of illness in vaccinated populations) of influenza vaccines depend on many factors, including the age and immunocompetence of the vaccine recipient, the degree of similarity between the viruses in the vaccine and those in circulation, study design, diagnostic testing measures, and the outcome being measured. (cdc.gov)
  • Studies of influenza vaccine efficacy and effectiveness have used a variety of outcome measures, including the prevention of ILI, medically-attended acute respiratory illness (MAARI), LCI, P&I-associated hospitalizations or deaths, and prevention of seroconversion to circulating influenza virus strains. (cdc.gov)
  • Randomized controlled trials that measure LCI virus infections (by viral culture or reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction [RT-PCR]) as the outcome provide the best and most persuasive evidence of vaccine efficacy, but such data are not available for all populations. (cdc.gov)
  • For studies assessing laboratory-confirmed outcomes, estimates of vaccine efficacy and effectiveness also might be affected by the specificity of the diagnostic tests used. (cdc.gov)
  • The efficacy of the influenza vaccine when given to patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) is similar to that in healthy controls, Jackie Nguyen reported at the virtual annual meeting of the Consortium of Multiple Sclerosis Centers (CMSC). (medscape.com)
  • In contrast, the nine studies included in the meta-analysis contained data on influenza vaccine efficacy as reflected in the ability to mount an adequate immune response. (medscape.com)
  • Cite this: Influenza Vaccine Efficacy 'Undiminished' in MS - Medscape - Jul 13, 2020. (medscape.com)
  • Here we test in the mouse flu model whether the "immunosignature" diagnostic technology could be applied to predict vaccine efficacy. (pnas.org)
  • The team found that neutralising antibody levels were highly predictive of immune protection, and could be used to predict the efficacy of a different covid-19 vaccine. (newscientist.com)
  • But the topic for this post concerns the efficacy of the flu vaccine. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
  • But often the match between the vaccine and the disease is not optimal, so vaccine efficacy can be decreased. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
  • One, because it will make it more difficult to prove efficacy in clinical studies and two, there is a sub group of anti vaccine goofs who seem to require that vaccines either be perfect, with 100% efficacy and 100% safe, or they are not worth taking. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
  • Viruses with two genetic "footprints" were associated with greater vaccine efficacy. (eurekalert.org)
  • For viruses carrying these two particular signatures, the vaccine efficacy increased to 80 percent. (eurekalert.org)
  • Immune correlates analysis of the ALVAC-AIDSVAX HIV-1 vaccine efficacy trial. (eurekalert.org)
  • Implementation of DTaP in the routine immunization schedule came with a call for active surveillance of the safety and efficacy of acellular vaccines relative to the whole-cell vaccine as a priority in programs that made the switch. (aappublications.org)
  • Yongping Jiang , Hongbo Zhang , Guojun Wang , Pingjing Zhang , Guobin Tian , Zhigao Bu , and Hualan Chen "Protective Efficacy of H7 Subtype Avian Influenza DNA Vaccine," Avian Diseases Digest 5(s1), (1 March 2010). (bioone.org)
  • Moderna, Pfizer: Are Covid Vaccine Stocks A Buy As Markets Await Efficacy Data? (forbes.com)
  • Phase 3 testing for the vaccine began in the U.S. in July and the company expects to have early results on the efficacy around October. (forbes.com)
  • Thus, a particular vaccine can be protective against a viral strain carrying matching hemaglutinin and neuraminidase, but will lose efficacy as soon as these proteins change (gradually or even in a single step). (innovations-report.com)
  • One answer is to increase self-efficacy about healthy lifestyle choices to help individuals to believe that they can solve problems, become sociable, and self-regulate behaviors that produce functional outcomes. (psychologytoday.com)
  • Self efficacy,social cognitive theory, and sources of self-efficacy are described. (bartleby.com)
  • In this wonderful blog post (which I highly recommend) titled Self-Efficacy: Turning Doubt into Drive , Anna Cutteridge discusses how those who possess self-efficacy are more likely to be self-motivated in the face of a challenge. (psychcentral.com)
  • With high self-efficacy, one can attempt goals and conquer stress more readily, and as a result, experience better wellbeing. (psychcentral.com)
  • It's not hard to come to the assumption that many people with OCD are lacking in self-efficacy, which might very well be hindering their OCD recovery. (psychcentral.com)
  • How can those with OCD, indeed how can any of us, improve our self-efficacy? (psychcentral.com)
  • In addressing this question, Ms. Cutteridge turns to research conducted by psychologist Albert Bandura whose studies concluded that one way to increase self-efficacy is through overcoming adversity. (psychcentral.com)
  • Bandura also suggests that surrounding ourselves with good role models - those who set goals for themselves and accomplish them - can help with our own self-efficacy. (psychcentral.com)
  • So if you're suffering with OCD now, you are likely doing the opposite of what you need to do to develop your own self-efficacy. (psychcentral.com)
  • Embrace the struggle and you will come out on the other side with more self-efficacy than most people. (psychcentral.com)
  • Framework of the Study In determining the level of self-efficacy and academic performance of the respondents involved in the study, the following theories and concepts were considered in order to create the theoretical framework of the study as shown in Figure 1 below: Fig.1. (ipl.org)
  • Bandura ( 1995 ) explained that self-efficacy is the belief in one's capabilities to organize and execute the courses of action required to manage prospective situations. (ipl.org)
  • Self-efficacy is an important phase on human motivation and behavior. (ipl.org)
  • The judgments of levels of self-efficacy are generally measured through magnitude, strength and generality. (ipl.org)
  • In this study, the level of self-efficacy of the students was being measured. (ipl.org)
  • The degree of self-efficacy on this study varies across the two types of self-efficacy mentioned by Dullard (2014). (ipl.org)
  • Self-efficacy theory can be traced to Bandura's social cognitive model of motivation. (ipl.org)
  • This essay will focus on the work of three vital researchers including Barry Zimmerman (2000), Etienne Wenger (2000) and Yrjo Engestrom (2001) who presented theories on 'self efficacy', 'social learning system' and 'expansive learning at work' respectively. (ipl.org)
  • Bandura, 1986) Three decades have now passed since (Bandura, 1977) first introduced the construct of self efficacy. (ipl.org)
  • The concept of self efficacy developed within the studies of human social cognition theories. (ipl.org)
  • Drug transporters in drug efficacy and toxicity. (nih.gov)
  • Efficacy or effectiveness estimates for more specific outcomes such as LCI typically are higher than for less specific outcomes such as MAARI because the causes of MAARI include infections with other pathogens that influenza vaccination would not be expected to prevent ( 105 ). (cdc.gov)
  • With Phase II efficacy-related failure rates as high as 57%, many companies are seeking ways to improve their outcomes and reduce the climbing $2.6 billion costs to get one drug to market. (elsevier.com)
  • Similar efficacy outcomes were seen for tofacitinib and adalimumab, although the study was not a direct comparison of the two drugs, the statement said. (medpagetoday.com)
  • 1. What is the efficacy (vs. placebo and/or conventional antipsychotics) of clozapine during acute symptom episodes for reduction of positive symptoms, negative/deficit symptoms (i.e., primary, enduring negative symptoms), and other outcomes? (mentalhealth.com)
  • The clinical efficacy of clozapine for two outcomes, positive and negative symptoms, in acutely psychotic patients and in treatment-resistant schizophrenia patients has been most extensively studied. (mentalhealth.com)
  • This section describes efficacy outcomes from the published literature that the Committee considered as part of the evidence about this procedure. (nice.org.uk)
  • 4.6 The specialist advisers listed key efficacy outcomes as reduced pain after surgery, cosmesis and patient satisfaction. (nice.org.uk)
  • We therefore aimed to compare long-term disability outcomes between patients who started high-efficacy therapies within 2 years of disease onset with those who started 4-6 years after disease onset.In this retrospective international observational study, we obtained data from the MSBase registry and the Swedish MS registry, which prospectively collect patient data that are specific to multiple sclerosis as part of routine clinical care. (gu.se)
  • books.google.com - With the new Cosmetics Directive of the European Union, manufacturers and distributors of cosmetics are required to keep a dossier of products containing information on product safety and efficacy. (google.com)
  • This book provides the information to choose the right methods for proving efficacy and/or safety of all types of cosmetics. (google.com)
  • WHO provides relevant expertise and technical assistance through various activities in the areas of Quality Assurance, Regulation and Legislation, Safety and Efficacy. (who.int)
  • Regulators in Europe and North America evaluate safety before human trials can proceed, but they do not currently demand evidence for potential efficacy. (nature.com)
  • We apply the same statutory standards for safety and efficacy to all new medicines, but the overall benefit-risk evaluation, and the clinical trial programs, vary depending on the circumstances. (fda.gov)
  • 1 These programs allow FDA to facilitate and expedite development of medicines that fill unmet medical needs, while maintaining FDA's gold standard of safety and efficacy. (fda.gov)
  • Although all of these expedited programs are Congressionally mandated, and all preserve the bedrock standards of safety and efficacy, these programs have substantial differences which are commonly confused. (fda.gov)
  • Summarize findings of clinical studies evaluating the safety and efficacy of cryopreserved platelets. (aabb.org)
  • Smaller companies are acting like the major players to insure product safety and efficacy. (happi.com)
  • Marketers have always turned to testing service companies to ascertain the safety and efficacy of their products and get the claims support they require. (happi.com)
  • The European Commission asked EFSA for an opinion on the safety for the target animals, consumer, user and the environment and on the efficacy of a l‐lysine monohydrochloride (HCl, minimum 98.5%) and of a concentrated liquid l‐lysine (base, minimum 50%) produced by a genetically modified strain of Corynebacterium glutamicum (NRRL B‐50775). (europa.eu)
  • In this study, we evaluated bleaching efficacy, temperature, and morphological safety after tooth bleaching with nonthermal atmospheric pressure plasma. (hindawi.com)
  • ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02460978) evaluated efficacy and safety of dapagliflozin as adjunct therapy to adjustable insulin in patients with inadequately controlled type 1 diabetes (HbA(1c) 7.5-10.5%).RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODSPatients were randomized 1:1:1 to dapagliflozin 5 mg (n = 271), dapagliflozin 10 mg (n = 270), or placebo (n = 272) plus insulin. (gu.se)
  • Efficacy And Safety Of Patients With Non Hodgkin 's. (bartleby.com)
  • The study is a multi-center, randomized, open-label to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Rituximab in patients with Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL). (bartleby.com)
  • Acupuncture: efficacy, safety and practice comes from the BMA's Board of Science and Education and is launched on the eve of the Association's week-long Annual Representative Meeting in London. (chiro.org)
  • Other investigators presented 5-year denosumab (Prolia) safety and efficacy updates from the ongoing extension of the landmark 7,868-patient phase III Fracture Reduction Evaluation of Denosumab in Osteoporosis Every 6 Months (FREEDOM) trial. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • Increase in efficacy and safety of treatment by individualizing it has benefits in financial terms. (businesswire.com)
  • We are very pleased with the efficacy and safety results of this study, which clearly support advancing this product to a Phase 3 trial," said Corey A. Siegel, M.D., M.S., a co-founder of ColonaryConcepts, and Director of the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center at the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center and Associate Professor of Medicine at The Geisel School of Medicine at Dartmouth. (eurekalert.org)
  • By the turn of the century, collective teacher efficacy had been operationalized, and instruments had been developed to measure it (Goddard, 2002). (ascd.org)
  • According to his Visible Learning research, based on a synthesis of more than 1,500 meta-analyses, collective teacher efficacy is greater than three times more powerful and predictive of student achievement than socioeconomic status. (ascd.org)
  • years devoted to the study of efficacy, teacher efficacy, and collective teacher efficacy. (bartleby.com)
  • To examine the efficacy of albuterol (0.15 mg/kg per dose) in the management of bronchiolitis. (aappublications.org)
  • Because the development of periodontal disease is slow in nature and because a variety of factors can impact its progression, studies that examine the efficacy of daily flossing are best conducted over a number of years and among a large population. (perio.org)
  • The Association for Applied Psychophysiology has developed the following criteria for setting the level of evidence for efficacy (Moss and Gunkelman 2002, LaVaque et al 2002): It is very similar to the rating schemes developed by other organizations such as the American Psychological Association. (aapb.org)
  • It identified only two studies presented as evidence for efficacy, both problematic. (nature.com)
  • On the basis of Eells's research, John Hattie positioned collective efficacy at the top of the list of factors that influence student achievement (Hattie, 2016). (ascd.org)
  • A 2002 Chicago study, for example, found that collective efficacy reduces the probability of both female homicide and physical violence against females by male partners. (wikipedia.org)
  • The 2002 study, however, also found that the association between collective efficacy and lower levels of crime against women is stronger in communities where violence between intimate partners is commonly seen as negative. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data to be presented at the annual meeting of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) in November will confirm that oral tofacitinib met all primary efficacy endpoints in a phase III study evaluating the drug for rheumatoid arthritis, according to a statement from Pfizer. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Both doses of tofacitinib "demonstrated significant and clinically meaningful improvements and met all primary efficacy endpoints," the Pfizer news release stated. (medpagetoday.com)
  • One common misunderstanding is that 95% efficacy means that in the Pfizer clinical trial, 5% of vaccinated people got COVID. (livescience.com)
  • Barker cautions that it's tricky to directly compare efficacy between the Johnson & Johnson, Pfizer, and Moderna vaccines, because the clinical trials happened in different geographic areas with different populations, and at slightly different time points in the pandemic when different variants of COVID-19 were circulating. (livescience.com)
  • Merck & Co., Inc. said that preliminary results for the pivotal Phase III study of rolofylline (MK-7418), the Company's investigational medicine for the treatment of acute heart failure , show that rolofylline did not meet the primary or secondary efficacy endpoints. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • 1 However, Scandinavian women still experience unplanned pregnancy, and many become pregnant while using methods with high efficacy rates. (guttmacher.org)
  • Timing of high-efficacy therapy for multiple sclerosis: a retrospective observational cohort study. (gu.se)
  • High-efficacy therapies in multiple sclerosis are traditionally used after unsuccessful treatment with first-line disease modifying therapies. (gu.se)
  • We hypothesised that early commencement of high-efficacy therapy would be associated with reduced long-term disability. (gu.se)
  • We identified adult patients (aged ≥18 years) with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis, with at least 6 years of follow-up since disease onset, and who started the high-efficacy therapy (rituximab, ocrelizumab, mitoxantrone, alemtuzumab, or natalizumab) either 0-2 years (early) or 4-6 years (late) after clinical disease onset. (gu.se)
  • Intertek provides the developers and manufacturers of antimicrobial products with the highest quality efficacy studies to support their bactericidal and fungicidal product claims. (intertek.com)
  • The efficacy of prayer has been the topic of various scientific studies since Francis Galton first addressed it in 1872. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although the efficacy of antidepressants remained significant regardless of whether unpublished studies were considered, the overall mean weighted effect-size dropped from 0.41 (95% CI: 0.36 to 0.45) to 0.31 (95% CI: 0.27 to 0.35) when the unpublished studies were included. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Efficacy is determined by evaluating formal studies done on each disorder. (aapb.org)
  • Please note that the efficacy ratings made based on these criteria are from formal studies. (aapb.org)
  • Level 3: Probably Efficacious: Multiple observational studies, clinical studies, wait list controlled studies, and within subject and intrasubject replication studies that demonstrate efficacy. (aapb.org)
  • There have been many studies investigating collective efficacy in schools-this is not a new topic. (ascd.org)
  • Rachel Eells's (2011) meta-analysis of studies related to collective efficacy and achievement in education demonstrated that the beliefs teachers hold about the ability of the school as a whole are "strongly and positively associated with student achievement across subject areas and in multiple locations" (p. 110). (ascd.org)
  • In Vivo Pharmacology Services at JAX performs contract efficacy studies with customer-supplied candidate oncology therapies in human tumor cell line-engrafted immunodeficient mice. (jax.org)
  • We offer in vivo efficacy studies of candidate oncology therapies in xenograft tumor models using human tumor cell lines. (jax.org)
  • A brief history of efficacy studies and current research on teacher efficacy and collective efficacy are included as well as different leadership styles. (bartleby.com)
  • The publication, Efficacy of Pitolisant in Patients with High Burden of Narcolepsy Symptoms: Pooled Analysis of Short-Term, Placebo-Controlled Studies reports data pooled from two randomized, placebo-controlled, 7-or 8-week studies in adult patients with narcolepsy, in which pitolisant could be titrated to a maximum dose of 35.6 mg/day. (prnewswire.com)
  • There are multiple kinds of studies one could do to prove efficacy, each with their own problems. (sciencebasedmedicine.org)
  • Efficacy studies performed by JAX® In Vivo Services for ALS typically feature clinical observations, body weights, progressive neurological scoring, electrophysiological assessment of motor neuropathy, survival, tissue/blood collection and histological assessment of neuromuscular junctions and femoral nerves. (jax.org)
  • There has been a shift from single piece efficacy studies to multiple piece," Mr. Weiss noted. (happi.com)
  • Studies consistently support its efficacy for reducing positive symptoms in acutely psychotic patients and in treatment-resistant patients, for preventing positive symptom exacerbations as a maintenance treatment, and for reducing symptoms of hostility and violence. (mentalhealth.com)
  • In clinical studies, clozapine has been shown to have differential clinical efficacy for treatment-resistant schizophrenia patients and to be associated with a low incidence of extrapyramidal side effects (EPS) (Kane et al. (mentalhealth.com)
  • The studies examining the use of clozapine as a maintenance treatment are not as methodologically rigorous as those examining the drug's clinical efficacy in acutely psychotic or treatment-resistant patients. (mentalhealth.com)
  • Shortly after the introduction of acellular vaccines, the resurgence of pertussis in the United States raised concerns on the efficacy of DTaP, which has now been associated with a shorter duration of protection, leaving older children, adolescents, and adults unprotected. (aappublications.org)
  • Countries that never switched to acellular vaccines are encouraged to continue to use DTwP vaccines, despite their reactogenicity, because of their consistent higher efficacy. (aappublications.org)
  • COVID-19 vaccines: What does 95% efficacy actually mean? (livescience.com)
  • [2] Intrinsic activity is a relative term for a drug's efficacy relative to a drug with the highest observed efficacy. (wikipedia.org)
  • Our findings also suggest TET activity as a biomarker for predicting the efficacy of and patient response to anti-PD-1/PD-L1 therapy, and stimulation of TET activity as an adjuvant immunotherapy of solid tumors. (jci.org)
  • India is conducting its own study on the vaccine's efficacy. (hindustantimes.com)
  • In patients with mild AD 60 years of age and older, preliminary efficacy data showed the patients had improvement measured on the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive (ADAS-Cog), the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study-Clinical Global Impression of Change (ADCS-CGIC), and the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Dr. Lynn reported. (medscape.com)
  • As clinical trials become increasingly more complex and costly, is even more critical to mitigate the risk of failed clinical trials or arms due to suboptimal study design or poor efficacy. (elsevier.com)
  • This study underscores the importance of these design components in measuring the efficacy of albuterol in infants. (aappublications.org)
  • Introduction The aim of this essay is to explore the objectives, the hypotheses, the study design, the research methods, statistical data analysis, the results and the ensuing discussion in the research paper mentioned above and try attempt analyze why, contrary to expectations, this study did not find a significant efficacy of MTX in dcSSc despite having documented efficacy in skin scores. (bartleby.com)
  • For example, a skin care marketer recently came to Consumer Product Testing Co. wanting to run a large-scale wrinkle reduction study with five different efficacy tests and 400 participants. (happi.com)
  • Data from a 1989-1990 case-control study of contraceptive efficacy in Norway compare contraceptive use among women who requested an abortion (1,386 cases) with women who responded to a general fertility survey (2,627 controls). (guttmacher.org)
  • This study aims to investigate the efficacy of simulation in neurosurgical training. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Therefore, the aim of the present study was to demonstrate the bleaching efficacy and morphological effect of plasma with a low concentration of 15% CP. (hindawi.com)
  • Findings of the study titled "The commensal microbiome is associated with anti-PD-1 efficacy in metastatic melanoma patients," are published in the journal Science . (medindia.net)
  • Results from the PROTECT pilot study, presented at previous medical meetings and published in 2008, had showed an overall trend toward efficacy (more patients with improved shortness of breath, fewer patients with worsening renal function and/or worsening heart failure). (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This study assessed the efficacy and tolerability of reducing the frequency of dosing in patients previously controlled with twice-daily budesonide/formoterol (BUD/FM) pressurized metered-dose inhaler (pMDI) to once-daily regimens of BUD/FM pMDI or BUD pMDI. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • The present study demonstrated the efficacy of SMR-beta neurofeedback in treating attentional deficiencies using an outcome study. (eegspectrum.com)
  • [8] Establishment of the efficacy of an intervention is often done relative to other available interventions, with which it will be compared. (wikipedia.org)
  • These RCTs has probable findings on the efficacy of MTX (10)(11).Interventions which aim at pathogenesis hold a promising future(e.g. (bartleby.com)
  • As a result of this team effort, sufficient data has been generated for the development of a phase 2 clinical trial to analyze the efficacy of cryopreserved platelets in bleeding patients. (aabb.org)
  • We analyze the exploitation of an antibiotic in a market subject to open access on the part of antibiotic producers to the common pool of antibiotic efficacy and compare it to the social optimum. (repec.org)
  • Although antibodies have yet to achieve the ultimate goal of curing cancer, many innovative approaches stand poised to improve the efficacy of antibody-based therapies. (nih.gov)
  • The dynamics of the antibiotic efficacy is based on an epidemiological model which describes the dynamic interaction between the level of efficacy of the antibiotic and the level of infection in the population, including the fact that antibiotic consumption tends to deplete the efficacy of the antibiotic in combating bacterial infections as the bacteria develop resistance to the antibiotic. (repec.org)
  • The antibiotic producers care only about the variables that affect the instantaneous demand for the drug, namely the current stock of infected population and the current level of efficacy of the antibiotic, and enter the market until price is driven down to average cost. (repec.org)
  • The social optimum, on the other hand, takes into account the welfare of the entire population, including that portion of the population which is in good health and that which is infected but chooses not to consume the antibiotic, as well as the effect of the current treatment rate on the future efficacy of the treatment and the future stock of infected population. (repec.org)
  • We show that depending on the parameters of the model, in particular the cost of production and the improvement in the recovery rate that results from treatment, the positive steady-state level of antibiotic efficacy to which the system tends under open access can be lower or higher than the level which should prevail in the socially optimal steady state. (repec.org)
  • The Economic Dynamics of Antibiotic Efficacy under Open Access ," Cahiers de recherche 04-2007, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ. (repec.org)
  • The economic dynamics of antibiotic efficacy under open access ," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management , Elsevier, vol. 57(3), pages 334-350, May. (repec.org)
  • The Economic Dynamics of Antibiotic Efficacy under Open Access ," Cahiers de recherche 2007-04, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques. (repec.org)
  • citation needed] Effectiveness refers to "how the drug works in a real-world situation", and is "often lower than efficacy because of interactions with other medications or health conditions of the patient, sufficient dose or duration of use not prescribed by the physician or followed by the patient, or use for an off-label condition that had not been tested. (wikipedia.org)
  • The introduction of clozapine and further research regarding its novel clinical effects have stimulated renewed interest in drug development and fostered several hypotheses regarding ways in which the efficacy or adverse effects profile of antipsychotic drugs might be improved. (mentalhealth.com)
  • The word comes from the same roots as effectiveness , and it has often been used synonymously, although in pharmacology a distinction is now often made between efficacy and effectiveness . (wikipedia.org)
  • The findings were limited by restriction to industry-sponsored trials registered with the FDA and to issues of efficacy rather than "real-world" effectiveness, the researchers noted. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Thus, a treatment's efficacy may be greater or lesser than its effectiveness in the real clinical world. (aapb.org)
  • In other words, collective efficacy reduces crime in public and private spaces, but its effectiveness for deterring specific types of crime is higher in communities where those types of crime are disapproved of. (wikipedia.org)
  • Currently, efficacy requirements are satisfied by the chemical formula statement showing appropriate glycol content. (epa.gov)
  • In this review, which is written with the minimum of mathematical content, the basic meaning of terms including efficacy, intrinsic activity and intrinsic efficacy is discussed, along with their relevance to the field of MOP receptor pharmacology, and in particular in relation to biased agonism at this important GPCR. (nih.gov)
  • Currently, more than half of drugs that reach later-stage (phase II and III trials) human testing fail because they do not demonstrate efficacy. (nature.com)
  • Favoured picks for the next commissioner of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) are likely to lower the current requirements that a drug must demonstrate efficacy in humans before entering the market. (nature.com)
  • Bandura named this interesting pattern in human behavior "collective efficacy," which he defined as "a group's shared belief in its conjoint capability to organize and execute the courses of action required to produce given levels of attainment" (Bandura, 1997, p. 477). (ascd.org)
  • Since collective efficacy influences how educators feel, think, motivate themselves, and behave (Bandura, 1993), it is a major contributor to the tenor of a school's culture. (ascd.org)
  • Please see Yucha and Gilbert's 2004 review of efficacy ratings for most of the disorders biofeedback is used to treat. (aapb.org)
  • Malone, Kershner, and Swanson (1994) proposed a neurochemical model to explain medical effects on ADHD, a model which holds promise for understanding the efficacy of EEG biofeedback according to the present protocols. (eegspectrum.com)
  • The Efficacy of Methotrexate (MTX) versus Placebo in Early Diffuse Scleroderma(1). (bartleby.com)
  • Nanoparticles targeting macrophage folate receptors can increase the efficacy of methotrexate therapy for arthritis. (sciencemag.org)
  • Olympus EndoDis and Olympus Disinfectant have been validated according to EN 14476 and EN 17111 under the process conditions of the Olympus ETD machines and demonstrated comprehensive virucidalefficacy. (olympus-europa.com)
  • The combined influences of affinity and efficacy determine how effectively a drug will produce a biological effect, a property known as potency . (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to describe drug action at a GPCR, a full understanding of the pharmacological terms affinity, efficacy and potency is necessary. (nih.gov)
  • Note that since partial agonists have low efficacy for the response measured, then the partial agonist represented by the grey curve in (B) must have a very high affinity in order to have such a high potency (i.e. low value of EC 50 ). (nih.gov)
  • Analyses of these data expanded the types of regulatory sites known to be effective in flies, expanded the mRNA regions with detectable targeting to include 5′ untranslated regions, and identified features of site context that correlate with targeting efficacy in fly cells. (springer.com)
  • [9] Specifically, efficacy refers to "whether a drug demonstrates a health benefit over a placebo or other intervention when tested in an ideal situation, such as a tightly controlled clinical trial. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the sociology of crime, the term collective efficacy refers to the ability of members of a community to control the behavior of individuals and groups in the community. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on these results, a quantitative model was developed to predict targeting efficacy in insects. (springer.com)
  • Template for developing guidelines for the evaluation of the clinical efficacy of psychophysiological evaluations. (aapb.org)
  • A key element of the collective efficacy perspective is that it focuses on the effects of informal norms and practices of the community in preventing crime, rather than on the effects of formal, established institutions (such as police forces). (wikipedia.org)
  • Contraceptive efficacy rates are usually presented as failure rates per 100 woman-years of use, with distinctions made between method and user failures. (guttmacher.org)
  • Folate-targeted nanoparticles show efficacy in the treatment of inflammatory arthritis. (sciencemag.org)
  • To see whether these issues have an impact on efficacy as well, the researchers analyzed all phase II and III clinical-trial programs for 12 antidepressant agents approved by the FDA from 1987 through 2004. (medpagetoday.com)
  • Researchers from the University of Maryland School of Medicine (UMSOM), the University of Pennsylvania and Emory University theorized that a blood test could be used to track the efficacy of transplanted stem cells. (news-medical.net)
  • Researchers have argued that increasing collective efficacy can lead to a significant reduction of crime in communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Avoid foods that could interfere with the efficacy of a medicine and have what is recommended. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Sometimes stalkers will employ collective efficacy measures to attempt to interfere with the life of a targeted individual, or otherwise create negative public opinions with libel and slander. (wikipedia.org)
  • however, its efficacy could be mediated through its activity at H 3 receptors, thereby increasing the synthesis and release of histamine, a wake promoting neurotransmitter. (prnewswire.com)
  • Our understanding of the mechanisms underlying these effects, as well as the ability to develop new, more effective MOP receptor drugs, depends upon the accurate determination of the efficacy with which these ligands induce coupling of MOP receptors to downstream signalling events. (nih.gov)
  • Intertek provides a comprehensive range of antimicrobial efficacy testing for a range of products such as medical devices, textiles, industrial surface disinfectants, cosmetics and healthcare products. (intertek.com)
  • How To Know The Efficacy Of Anti Aging Products? (selfgrowth.com)
  • The efficacy of prayer is about the outcome of prayer requests. (wikipedia.org)
  • The invention provides methods for assessing the efficacy of histone deacetylase inhibitors using biomarkers which can be used in human clinical trials and which are more quantitative, easy to be used and more relevant to clinical outcome for PD monitoring than existing assays. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The efficacy of anti aging creams would depend on the key ingredients that go into their formulation. (selfgrowth.com)
  • Conversely, stimulating TET activity by systematic injection of its cofactor ascorbate/vitamin C increased chemokines and tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes, leading to enhanced antitumor immunity and anti-PD-L1 efficacy and extended lifespan of tumor-bearing mice. (jci.org)