Body Weight: The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.Quantitative Trait Loci: Genetic loci associated with a QUANTITATIVE TRAIT.Chromosome Mapping: Any method used for determining the location of and relative distances between genes on a chromosome.Peromyscus: A genus of the subfamily SIGMODONTINAE consisting of 49 species. Two of these are widely used in medical research. They are P. leucopus, or the white-footed mouse, and P. maniculatus, or the deer mouse.Crosses, Genetic: Deliberate breeding of two different individuals that results in offspring that carry part of the genetic material of each parent. The parent organisms must be genetically compatible and may be from different varieties or closely related species.Quantitative Trait, Heritable: A characteristic showing quantitative inheritance such as SKIN PIGMENTATION in humans. (From A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Methyltestosterone: A synthetic hormone used for androgen replacement therapy and as an hormonal antineoplastic agent (ANTINEOPLASTIC AGENTS, HORMONAL).Ethanol: A clear, colorless liquid rapidly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and distributed throughout the body. It has bactericidal activity and is used often as a topical disinfectant. It is widely used as a solvent and preservative in pharmaceutical preparations as well as serving as the primary ingredient in ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES.Central Nervous System Depressants: A very loosely defined group of drugs that tend to reduce the activity of the central nervous system. The major groups included here are ethyl alcohol, anesthetics, hypnotics and sedatives, narcotics, and tranquilizing agents (antipsychotics and antianxiety agents).Alcohol Withdrawal Seizures: A condition where seizures occur in association with ethanol abuse (ALCOHOLISM) without other identifiable causes. Seizures usually occur within the first 6-48 hours after the cessation of alcohol intake, but may occur during periods of alcohol intoxication. Single generalized tonic-clonic motor seizures are the most common subtype, however, STATUS EPILEPTICUS may occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1174)Substance Withdrawal Syndrome: Physiological and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal from the use of a drug after prolonged administration or habituation. The concept includes withdrawal from smoking or drinking, as well as withdrawal from an administered drug.Stainless Steel: Stainless steel. A steel containing Ni, Cr, or both. It does not tarnish on exposure and is used in corrosive environments. (Grant & Hack's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Polypropylenes: Propylene or propene polymers. Thermoplastics that can be extruded into fibers, films or solid forms. They are used as a copolymer in plastics, especially polyethylene. The fibers are used for fabrics, filters and surgical sutures.Orthodontic Wires: Wires of various dimensions and grades made of stainless steel or precious metal. They are used in orthodontic treatment.ArchivesBiological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.PubMed: A bibliographic database that includes MEDLINE as its primary subset. It is produced by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), part of the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. PubMed, which is searchable through NLM's Web site, also includes access to additional citations to selected life sciences journals not in MEDLINE, and links to other resources such as the full-text of articles at participating publishers' Web sites, NCBI's molecular biology databases, and PubMed Central.Directories as Topic: Lists of persons or organizations, systematically arranged, usually in alphabetic or classed order, giving address, affiliations, etc., for individuals, and giving address, officers, functions, and similar data for organizations. (ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Fear: The affective response to an actual current external danger which subsides with the elimination of the threatening condition.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Trace Elements: A group of chemical elements that are needed in minute quantities for the proper growth, development, and physiology of an organism. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)PortugalFoundations: Organizations established by endowments with provision for future maintenance.Stevens-Johnson Syndrome: Rare cutaneous eruption characterized by extensive KERATINOCYTE apoptosis resulting in skin detachment with mucosal involvement. It is often provoked by the use of drugs (e.g., antibiotics and anticonvulsants) or associated with PNEUMONIA, MYCOPLASMA. It is considered a continuum of Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Integrases: Recombinases that insert exogenous DNA into the host genome. Examples include proteins encoded by the POL GENE of RETROVIRIDAE and also by temperate BACTERIOPHAGES, the best known being BACTERIOPHAGE LAMBDA.Recombination, Genetic: Production of new arrangements of DNA by various mechanisms such as assortment and segregation, CROSSING OVER; GENE CONVERSION; GENETIC TRANSFORMATION; GENETIC CONJUGATION; GENETIC TRANSDUCTION; or mixed infection of viruses.Mice, Transgenic: Laboratory mice that have been produced from a genetically manipulated EGG or EMBRYO, MAMMALIAN.Cell Lineage: The developmental history of specific differentiated cell types as traced back to the original STEM CELLS in the embryo.Tamoxifen: One of the SELECTIVE ESTROGEN RECEPTOR MODULATORS with tissue-specific activities. Tamoxifen acts as an anti-estrogen (inhibiting agent) in the mammary tissue, but as an estrogen (stimulating agent) in cholesterol metabolism, bone density, and cell proliferation in the ENDOMETRIUM.Stem Cells: Relatively undifferentiated cells that retain the ability to divide and proliferate throughout postnatal life to provide progenitor cells that can differentiate into specialized cells.Intestine, Small: The portion of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT between the PYLORUS of the STOMACH and the ILEOCECAL VALVE of the LARGE INTESTINE. It is divisible into three portions: the DUODENUM, the JEJUNUM, and the ILEUM.Mice, Inbred Strains: Genetically identical individuals developed from brother and sister matings which have been carried out for twenty or more generations, or by parent x offspring matings carried out with certain restrictions. All animals within an inbred strain trace back to a common ancestor in the twentieth generation.Multifactorial Inheritance: A phenotypic outcome (physical characteristic or disease predisposition) that is determined by more than one gene. Polygenic refers to those determined by many genes, while oligogenic refers to those determined by a few genes.Lipoxins: Trihydroxy derivatives of eicosanoic acids. They are primarily derived from arachidonic acid, however eicosapentaenoic acid derivatives also exist. Many of them are naturally occurring mediators of immune regulation.Genetic Structures: The biological objects that contain genetic information and that are involved in transmitting genetically encoded traits from one organism to another.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Genetic Research: Research into the cause, transmission, amelioration, elimination, or enhancement of inherited disorders and traits.Alcoholism: A primary, chronic disease with genetic, psychosocial, and environmental factors influencing its development and manifestations. The disease is often progressive and fatal. It is characterized by impaired control over drinking, preoccupation with the drug alcohol, use of alcohol despite adverse consequences, and distortions in thinking, most notably denial. Each of these symptoms may be continuous or periodic. (Morse & Flavin for the Joint Commission of the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence and the American Society of Addiction Medicine to Study the Definition and Criteria for the Diagnosis of Alcoholism: in JAMA 1992;268:1012-4)Mauritius: One of the Indian Ocean Islands, east of Madagascar. Its capital is Port Louis. It was discovered by the Portuguese in 1505, occupied by the Dutch 1598-1710, held by the French 1715-1810 when the British captured it, formally ceded to the British in 1814, and became independent in 1968. It was named by the Dutch in honor of Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange (1567-1625). (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p742 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p341)Anopheles: A genus of mosquitoes (CULICIDAE) that are known vectors of MALARIA.DNA, Catalytic: Molecules of DNA that possess enzymatic activity.Biological Specimen Banks: Facilities that collect, store, and distribute tissues, e.g., cell lines, microorganisms, blood, sperm, milk, breast tissue, for use by others. Other uses may include transplantation and comparison of diseased tissues in the identification of cancer.Minors: A person who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded.National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts research focused on improving the treatment and prevention of alcoholism and alcohol-related problems to reduce the health, social, and economic consequences of this disease. NIAAA, NIMH, and NIDA were created as coequal institutes within the Alcohol, Drug Abuse and Mental Health Administration in 1974. It was established within the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH in 1992.National Institute on Aging (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. Through basic and clinical biomedical research and training, it conducts and supports research into the nature of the aging process and diseases associated with the later stages of life. The Institute was established in 1974.Behavior, Animal: The observable response an animal makes to any situation.

*Major histocompatibility complex

George Snell selectively bred two mouse strains, attained a new strain nearly identical to one of the progenitor strains, but ... MHC genes were first identified in inbred mice strains. Clarence Little transplanted tumors across differing strains and found ... MHC molecules were identified and named after their role in transplant rejection between mice of different strains, though it ... The human MHC is also called the HLA (human leukocyte antigen) complex (often just the HLA). The MHC in mice is called the H-2 ...

*Taconic Biosciences

They produce selectively bred and genetically engineered mice and rats for research use. 1949 - Robert Phelan began shipping ... They continue to supply NCI with BDF1 mice. 1975 - Began offering the SHR hypertensive rat and the WKY control strain. 1980 - ... 1985 - Started producing BALB/c mice. 1991 - Became the first commercial provider of the C.B-17 SCID mouse model. 1994 - ... Contracted with National Institute for Allergy and Infectious Disease to maintain a repository of inbred, congenic, and ...

*Mouse models of breast cancer metastasis

In 1909, Clarence C. Little developed the first inbred strain, the DBA (Dilute, brown non-Agouti) mouse. In 1915, N.M Haldane ... MMTV-PyMT mice are then crossed bred with other genetically modified mice to generate various types of breast cancer models, ... mice in which CD4+ T cells are selectively lost. Interleukin-4 (IL4) lacking model of MMTV-PyMT; IL4−/− mice. Role of the ... 40% of both human and mouse genomes can be aligned at the nucleotide level. Mice have relatively short gestation periods. Mice ...

*Laboratory mouse

"BALB/c". Inbred Strains of Mice. Jackson Laboratory. Retrieved 2007-04-16. "BALB/cByJ". Jax Mice Data Sheet. Jackson Laboratory ... Group-housed C57BL/6 mice (and other strains) display barbering behaviour, in which the dominant mouse in a cage selectively ... The laboratory mouse is a small mammal of the order Rodentia which is bred and used for scientific research. Laboratory mice ... inbred mouse strain and initiated the systematic generation of inbred strains. The mouse has since been used extensively as a ...

*C57BL/6

... is a common inbred strain of laboratory mouse. It is the most widely used "genetic background" for genetically modified mice ... Group-housed B6 mice display barbering behavior, in which the dominant mouse in a cage selectively removes hair from its ... There now exist colonies of mice derived from the original C57BL/6 colony that have been bred in isolation from one another for ... The dark coat make the mouse strain convenient for creating transgenic mice: it is crossed with a light-furred 129 mouse, and ...

*List of model organisms

Mice selectively bred for high voluntary wheel running have larger midbrains: support for the mosaic model of brain evolution. ... Mouse (Mus musculus) - the classic model vertebrate. Many inbred strains exist, as well as lines selected for particular traits ... Pseudomonas fluorescens, a soil bacterium that readily diversifies into different strains in the lab. Azotobacter vinelandii, a ... owing to the larger size of organs and suborganellar structures relative to the mouse. (Molecular evolution, Genomics) Rhesus ...

*Model organism

... inbred mouse strain and the systematic generation of other inbred strains. The mouse has since been used extensively as a model ... "Mice selectively bred for high voluntary wheel running have larger midbrains: support for the mosaic model of brain evolution ... The classic model vertebrate is currently the mouse (Mus musculus). Many inbred strains exist, as well as lines selected for ... Many animal models serving as test subjects in biomedical research, such as rats and mice, may be selectively sedentary, obese ...
The combination of gene expression profiling with linkage analysis has become a powerful paradigm for mapping gene expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL). To date, most studies have searched for eQTL by analyzing gene expression traits one at a time. As thousands of expression traits are typically analyzed, this can reduce power because of the need to correct for the number of hypothesis tests performed. In addition, gene expression traits exhibit a complex correlation structure, which is ignored when analyzing traits individually. To address these issues, we applied two different multivariate dimension reduction techniques, the Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) and Independent Component Analysis (ICA) to gene expression traits derived from a cross between two strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Both methods decompose the data into a set of meta-traits, which are linear combinations of all the expression traits. The meta-traits were enriched for several Gene Ontology ...
Life history traits such as fecundity are important to evolution because they make up components of lifetime fitness. Due to their polygenic architectures, such traits are difficult to investigate with genetic mapping. Therefore, little is known about their molecular basis. One possible way toward finding the underlying genes is to map intermediary molecular phenotypes, such as gene expression traits. We set out to map candidate quantitative trait genes for egg fecundity in the chicken by combining quantitative trait locus mapping in an advanced intercross of wild by domestic chickens with expression quantitative trait locus mapping in the same birds. We measured individual egg fecundity in 232 intercross chickens in two consecutive trials, the second one aimed at measuring brooding. We found 12 loci for different aspects of egg fecundity. We then combined the genomic confidence intervals of these loci with expression quantitative trait loci from bone and hypothalamus in the same intercross. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A novel quantitative trait locus, qCL1, involved in semi-dwarfism derived from Japanese rice cultivar Nipponbare. AU - Hori, Kiyosumi. AU - Yamamoto, Toshio. AU - Ebana, Kaworu. AU - Takeuchi, Yoshinobu. AU - Yano, Masahiro. PY - 2009/10/5. Y1 - 2009/10/5. N2 - To identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with culm length in Japanese japonica rice varieties, we conducted QTL analyses using a set of reciprocal backcrossed inbred lines (BILs) from crosses between Nipponbare and Koshihikari. We detected five QTLs in the two BILs that are involved in the culm-length difference between Nipponbare and Koshihikari. A QTL located on the short arm of chromosome 1, qCL1, was commonly detected near the simple sequence repeat (SSR) marker RM8068 in both BILs in three growing seasons. The Nipponbare allele of qCL1 shortened from 1.9 to 3.0 cm of culm length. Substitution lines (SLs) of Koshihikari in which the QTL was replaced with the Nipponbare allele exhibited decreased ...
The observation that variants regulating gene expression (expression quantitative trait loci, eQTL) are at a high frequency among SNPs associated with complex traits has made the genome-wide characterization of gene expression an important tool in genetic mapping studies of such traits. As part of a study to identify genetic loci contributing to bipolar disorder and other quantitative traits in members of 26 pedigrees from Costa Rica and Colombia, we measured gene expression in lymphoblastoid cell lines derived from 786 pedigree members. The study design enabled us to comprehensively reconstruct the genetic regulatory network in these families, provide estimates of heritability, identify eQTL, evaluate missing heritability for the eQTL, and quantify the number of different alleles contributing to any given locus. In the eQTL analysis, we utilize a recently proposed hierarchical multiple testing strategy which controls error rates regarding the discovery of functional variants. Our results ...
The present invention is in the field of plant breeding and disease resistance. More specifically, the invention includes a method for breeding soybean plants containing quantitative trait loci that are associated with resistance to Asian Soybean Rust (ASR), a fungal disease associated with Phakopsora spp. The invention further includes germplasm and the use of germplasm containing quantitative trait loci (QTL) conferring disease resistance for introgression into elite germplasm in a breeding program for resistance to ASR.
OBJECTIVES: In sib pair studies, quantitative trait loci (QTL) identification may be adversely affected by non-normality in the phenotypic distribution, particularly when subjects falling in the tails of the distribution bias the trait mean or varian
IN the mapping of quantitative trait loci (QTL) in an experimental cross, selective genotyping (in which only the individuals at the extremes of the phenotype distribution are genotyped) can provide nearly equivalent power to complete genotyping at a reduced cost (Lander and Botstein 1989; Darvasi and Soller 1992).. Interval mapping with selectively genotyped data is best performed with consideration of all individuals, even those that were not genotyped (Lander and Botstein 1989). Consideration of only the genotyped individuals results in a biased estimate of the QTL effect. Haley-Knott regression (Haley and Knott 1992) generally provides a good approximation to standard interval mapping, but should be avoided in the case of selective genotyping, as it tends to produce inflated evidence for linkage (Feenstra et al. 2006).. Despite the common use of selective genotyping for QTL mapping and the extensive literature on significance thresholds for QTL mapping, we are not aware of any discussion ...
Genome-wide studies of gene expression have successfully identified genetic variants that contribute to the variation of gene expression within populations [1-11]. The objective of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) is to map genotypic variation to phenotypic variation. Jansen and Nap [12] proposed extending the GWAS paradigm to deal with quantitative endophenotypes, e.g. RNA, protein and metabolite abundance in a cell. To date, consideration of RNA abundance has received most attention in the literature [1-11]. Those variants that affect gene expression are referred to as expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) of which thousands have been reported [1-11]. Most studies have focused on single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs).. The literature reports two classes of eQTL, cis-acting SNPs and trans-acting SNPs. Cis-acting SNPs lie within a gene or near the transcription start or stop site of a gene and correlate with the expression of that gene. In contrast, trans-acting SNPs can lie anywhere ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - A model selection approach for the identification of quantitative trait loci in experimental crosses, allowing epistasis. AU - Manichaikul, Ani. AU - Moon, Jee Young. AU - Sen, Śaunak. AU - Yandell, Brian S.. AU - Broman, Karl W.. PY - 2009/3. Y1 - 2009/3. N2 - The identification of quantitative trait loci (QTL) and their interactions is a crucial step toward the discovery of genes responsible for variation in experimental crosses. The problem is best viewed as one of model selection, and the most important aspect of the problem is the comparison of models of different sizes. We present a penalized likelihood approach, with penalties on QTL and pairwise interactions chosen to control false positive rates. This extends the work ofBroman and Speed to allow for pairwise interactions among QTL. A conservative version of our penalized LOD score provides strict control over the rate of extraneous QTL and interactions; a more liberal criterion is more lenient on interactions but seeks ...
Soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] is an important oilseed crop which produces about 30 %of the worlds edible vegetable oil. The quality of soybean oil is determined by its fatty acid composition. Soybean oil high in oleic and low in linolenic fatty acids is desirable for human consumption and other uses. The objectives of this study were to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for unsaturated fatty acids and to evaluate the genetic effects of single QTL and QTL combinations in soybean. A population of recombinant inbred lines derived from the cross of SD02-4-59 X A02-381100 was evaluated for fatty acid content in seven environments. In total, 516 polymorphic single nucleotide polymorphism markers, 477 polymorphic simple sequence repeat markers and three GmFAD3 geneswere used to genotype the mapping population. By using the composite interval mapping and/or the interval mapping method, a total of 15 QTLs for the three unsaturated fatty acids were detected in more than two environments. Two ...
MalaCards based summary : Mean Platelet Volume/count Quantitative Trait Locus 5, is also known as mean platelet volume qtl5. An important gene associated with Mean Platelet Volume/count Quantitative Trait Locus 5 is MPVQTL5 (Mean Platelet Volume QTL5 ...
Quantitative resistance of Salix to Melampsora larici--epitea leaf rust was studied in 2 Salix mapping populations. One population was a backcross between a S, schwerinii x S. viminalis hybrid and S. viminalis, and the other was all F-2 population between S. viminalis and S. dasyclados. A leaf disc bioassay was used to study the components of quantitative resistance (latent period, uredinia number, and uredinia size) to 3 isolates of the leaf rust. The analysis of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) revealed 9 genomic regions in the backcross population and 7 genomic regions in the F-2 population that were important for rust resistance, with QTLs explaining 8-26% of the phenotypic variation. An important genomic region was identified for the backcross population in linkage group 2, where QTLs were identified for all resistance components for 2 of the rust isolates. Four of the QTLs had overlapping mapping intervals, demonstrating a common genetic background for latent period, uredinia diameter, and ...
In previous work, we identified genetic correlations between cAMP accumulation in the cerebellum and sensitivity to the incoordinating effects of ethanol. A genetic correlation suggests that common genes underlie the phenotypes investigated. One method for provisionally identifying genes involved in a given phenotypic measure is quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis. Using a panel of 30 BXD recombinant inbred strains of mice and the progenitors (DBA/2J and C57BL/6J), and the dowel test for ataxia, we measured the blood ethanol concentrations at the time an animal first fell from the dowel and acute functional tolerance (AFT), and investigated cAMP signaling in the cerebellum. Cyclic AMP accumulation was measured in whole-cell preparations of cerebellar minces from individual mice under basal or stimulated conditions. We conducted a genome-wide QTL analysis of the behavioral and biochemical measures with >2000 genetic ...
Web site Beautiful body ideal weight fitness lifetime web directory is the best way to find information about Beautiful body ideal weight fitness lifetime information. This web page takes the legwork out of finding great Beautiful body ideal weight fitness lifetime information resources. We have compiled great links to Beautiful body ideal weight information and Beautiful body ideal weight fitness lifetime pages dedicated to fitness lifetime information here. On this directory page you will find links to various keyword information and Beautiful body ideal weight fitness lifetime related pages. There you will find great information about fitness lifetime information. How to Stay Young Indefinitely.. - Forget your age. Your number of birthdays isnt important. How you look, feel and most of all your enthusiasm for living determine your age.. - Be adventuresome! Always stay interested in life. Find new things to do daily. Do the things you enjoy and plan something "SPECIAL" to look forward to each ...
Shirali M., Miraei‐Ashtiani S.R., Pakdel A., Haley C., Navarro P. and Pong‐Wong R, 2015, A Comparison of the Sensitivity of the BayesC and Genomic Best Linear Unbiased Prediction (GBLUP) Methods of Estimating Genomic Breeding Values under Different Quantitative Trait Locus (QTL) Model Assumptions, Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 5(1), 41-46 Shirali M., Miraei‐Ashtiani S.R., Pakdel A., Haley C., Navarro P. and Pong‐Wong R, 2015, A Comparison of the Sensitivity of the BayesC and Genomic Best Linear Unbiased Prediction (GBLUP) Methods of Estimating Genomic Breeding Values under Different Quantitative Trait Locus (QTL) Model Assumptions, Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science, 5(1), 41-46
Effects of Daidzein on Body Weight Gain, Serum IGF-I Level and Cellular Immune Function in Intact Male Piglets Daidzein;IGF-I;T-Lymphocytes;Male Piglets; 10 male piglets at 5-6 weeks old with similar body weight (BW) were randomly assigned into the experimental (EXP) and control (CON) groups. The animals in EXP received intro-muscular injection with daidzein (DA) at the dose of 0.5 mg DA per kg start BW on day 1. The same procedures were repeated once every 3 days for eight times. The animals in CON received the injection only with same volume of control peanut oil. The animals were weighted on day 14 and 28 and the blood samples were obtained at different stages of the treatment for determining IGF-I levels and blood parameters. At the end of the experiment, the thymus and spleen from all the animals were surgically taken out and weighted. The results showed that BW and average daily gain (ADG) were not significantly different between the groups in term of the whole period, but ADG between days 14-28
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Ideal weight is how much your body needs to weigh for optimal function. Sometimes, theres a big gap between desired and ideal weight, since desired weight can often be unhealthy weight. Scroll down and you can check your body mass index below.. Excessive weight loss is not always the best option for a healthy body. While on one side obesity brings higher risk of hypertension, diabetes, heart problems etc., on the other hand excessive weight loss is no less dangerous. The "golden middle" rule is always the best option.. This chart has been specially designed by doctors and specialists. Plus, its really thorough as it includes several parameters, such as your body shape, age and height, to give you the ideal body weight. The best thing about this chart is that it does not promote unhealthy body proportions, but tells you how much you should weigh according to your specific proportions and age. ...
Healthy Body Weight Checker Calculate your healthy body weight range for your height and gender and get instant advice regarding your weight loss goals. Healthy body weight is calculated using the Ham
Studies of obesity and related health conditions among the Bhutanese, one of the largest refugee groups resettled in the United States in the past five years, are limited. This study examined the factors associated with excess body weight (body mass index ≥ 23 kg/m2) and abdominal obesity (waist circumference > 80 cm) in a community-based sample of 18-65 year old Bhutanese refugee women in Northeast Ohio. A Nepali-language questionnaire was used to measure socio-demographic and dietary factors. Height, weight, and waist circumference were measured to define excess body weight and abdominal obesity. The mean (±standard deviation) age of the 108 participants was 36.5 (±12.2) years and length of time in the U.S. was 19.4 (±11.9) months. Overall, 64.8% and 69.4% of the women had excess body weight and abdominal obesity, respectively. Age was significantly associated with both excess body weight (odds ratio: 1.10; 95% confidence interval: 1.05-1.16) and abdominal obesity (1.09; 1.04-1.14).
There is debate over the casual factors for the rise in body weight in the UK. The present study investigates whether increases between 1986 and 2000 for men and women were a result of increases in mean total energy intake, decreases in mean physical activity levels or both. Estimates of mean total energy intake in 1986 and 2000 were derived from food availability data adjusted for wastage. Estimates of mean body weight for adults aged 19-64 years were derived from nationally representative dietary surveys conducted in 1986-7 and 2000-1. Predicted body weight in 1986 and 2000 was calculated using an equation relating body weight to total energy intake and sex. Differences in predicted mean body weight and actual mean body weight between the two time points were compared. Monte Carlo simulation methods were used to assess the stability of the estimates. The predicted increase in mean body weight due to changes in total energy intake between 1986 and 2000 was 4·7 (95 % credible interval 4·2, 5·3) kg
Overweight, energy expenditure and caloric intake are associated with an increased prevalence of asthma. To measure resting energy expenditure and calculate caloric intake of overweight adolescents with asthma and compare results with those of groups of well-nourished adolescents with asthma and overweight adolescents without asthma. Cross-sectional study with 69 adolescents aged 10 to 18 years divided into three matched groups. Nutritional status was assessed using anthropometric and body composition measurements. Indirect calorimetry was used to measure energy expenditure; caloric intake was estimated from dietary recalls. In each group, there were 23 adolescents (10 girls) aged 12.39±2.40 years. Results for each group (overweight adolescents with asthma; well-nourished adolescents with asthma; and overweight adolescents without asthma) were, respectively: Body mass index = 24.83±2.73 kg/m2, 19.01±2.10 kg/m2, and 25.35±3.66 kg/m2; resting energy expenditure (REE) = 1550.24±547.23 ...
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An increase in dietary protein intake has been shown to improve weight loss maintenance in the DIOGenes trial. Here, we analysed whether the source of the dietary proteins influenced changes in body weight, body composition, and cardiometabolic risk factors during the weight maintenance period while following an energy-restricted diet. 489 overweight or obese participants of the DIOGenes trial from eight European countries were included. They successfully lost >8% of body weight and subsequently completed a six month weight maintenance period, in which they consumed an ad libitum diet varying in protein content and glycemic index. Dietary intake was estimated from three-day food diaries. A higher plant protein intake with a proportional decrease in animal protein intake did not affect body weight maintenance or cardiometabolic risk factors. A higher plant protein intake from non-cereal products instead of cereal products was associated with benefits for body weight maintenance and blood pressure.
The objective of this study was to estimate genetic parameters for weekly body weight of feed intake of individually fed beef bulls at centralized testing stations in South Africa using random regression models (RRM). The model for cumulative feed intake included the fixed linear regression on third order orthogonal Legendre polynomials of the actual days on test (7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49, 56, 63, 70, 77 and 84 day) for starting age group and contemporary group effects. Random regressions on third order orthogonal Legendre polynomials were included for the additive genetic effect of the animal and the additional random effect of weaning-herd-year (WHY) and on fourth order for the additional random permanent environmental effect of the animal. The model for body weights included the fixed linear regression on fourth order orthogonal Legendre polynomials of the actual days on test for starting age group and contemporary group effects. Random regressions on fourth order orthogonal Legendre ...
Although the terms overweight and obese are often used interchangeably and considered as gradations of the same thing, they denote different things. The major physical factors contributing to body weight are water weight, muscle tissue mass, bone tissue mass, and fat tissue mass. Overweight refers to having more weight than normal for a particular height and may be the result of water weight, muscle weight, or fat mass. Obese refers specifically to having excess body fat. In most cases people who are overweight also have excessive body fat and therefore body weight is an indicator of obesity in much of the population.. The "ideal" healthy body weight for a particular person is dependent on many things, such as frame size, sex, muscle mass, bone density, age, and height. The perception of the "ideal" body weight is additionally dependent on cultural factors and the mainstream societal advertisement of beauty.. To standardize the "ideal" body weight and relate it to health, scientists have devised ...
HCPCS Code: k0820. HCPCS Code Description: Power wheelchair, group 2 standard, portable, sling/solid seat/back, patient weight capacity up to and including 300 pounds
HCPCS Code: k0822. HCPCS Code Description: Power wheelchair, group 2 standard, sling/solid seat/back, patient weight capacity up to and including 300 pounds
ABSTRACT. Various studies suggest a strong association between nutrition and clinical outcome in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Several morbidity factors that per se increase the risk of a poor outcome, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) and inflammation, may also cause malnutrition. Among laboratory parameters used to assess nutritional status, serum albumin appears to be a particularly strong predictor of morbidity and mortality. This study assessed the importance of nutritional status and inflammation and other comorbidity factors as predictors of mortality in HD patients. Nutritional status was evaluated in 128 HD patients by subjective global nutritional assessment (SGNA) and by measuring several anthropometric markers (actual body weight, percentage of actual body weight to desirable body weight, midarm muscle circumferences, triceps skinfold thickness), and serum albumin, plasma insulin such as insulin growth factor-1 and as a marker of inflammation, serum C-reactive protein (s-CRP) ...
There were significant (P,0.05) differences among treatment means of all the parameters and they all followed a similar pattern. Birds fed D4 and D5 diets had significantly higher (P,0.05) body weight (698g and 710g) and body weight gain (22.25g and 22.57g) than birds fed D2 (body weight 521g, daily weight gain 15.74g) but were similar to those fed D1 control (body weight 698g, daily weight gain 20.36g) and D3 (body weight 640g, daily weight gain 18.40g).. The feed conversion ratios and protein efficiency ratios of D5 (3.11 and 1.51), D4 (3.06 and 1.49) and D1 (3.00 and 1.53) were significantly higher (P,0.05) than those of D2 (4.19 and 1.09) but similar to those of D3 (3.48 and 1.32). This may be as a result of the high energy and high digestibility of palm oil, its role as a binder of mash grains to reduce ulcerogenic effect of the birds gastric mucosa, increase in feed intake as compared to non-supplemented CCM diets.. The depression of the final live weight of birds fed D2 (60% CCM) ...
Background: Investigating the validity of the self-reported values of weight allows for the proper assessment of studies using questionnaire-derived data. The study examined the accuracy of gender-specific self-reported weight in a sample of adults. The effects of age, education, race and ethnicity, income, general health and medical status on the degree of discrepancy (the difference between self-reported weight and measured weight) are similarly considered. Methods: The analysis used data from the US Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Self-reported and measured weights were abstracted and analyzed according to sex, age, measured weight, self-reported weight, and body mass index (BMI). A proportional odds model was applied. Results: The weight discrepancy was positively associated with age, and negatively associated with measured weight and BMI. Ordered logistic regression modeling showed age, race-ethnicity, education, and BMI to be associated with the degree of ...
It is not easy to live a Celebritys life what with the public image they have to maintain. And maintaining a public image means having an ideal body weight and looking the same or almost the same they looked ten years before.. Celebrities lead a very busy life, whether in their social circuit or at work which leads to a lot of stress. To maintain their ideal body weight, they have to resort to measures a plane jane cannot think of doing. This includes diets, workouts, fitness regimes, and everything else that they do (smoking, alcohol or drugs) to keep fit.. Here are 15 Celebrities and how they maintain their ideal body weight:. ...
The first law of thermodynamics states that change in weight equals caloric intake minus caloric output. Caloric intake is the number of calories you eat and drink each day, and caloric output is your resting metabolic rate plus any physical activity expenditure. If caloric intake exceeds caloric output, then the excess calories are deposited as fat in your body, and body weight increases. If caloric intake is less than caloric output, then your body fat stores supply the necessary calories and weight loss ensues. Reducing caloric intake has been shown to be more efficient than just simply increasing exercise to induce weight loss. Simply handing a patient a 1,200 or 1,500 calorie diet seldom works. We acknowledge that dietary choices are based on a variety of factors, such as religious and cultural beliefs, a persons socioeconomic status, and the health of the individual, all of which are taken into account during the meal planning process. Conferences with the physician and dietitian help ...
In rats, maternal weight gain during the later third of pregnancy was correlated with fetal body weight, brain weight and DNA content as well as placental weight near term. Fetal body and placental growth was unrelated to maternal weight increases during pregnancy. A significant inverse correlation between fetal brain DNA content and maternal weight gain was found. This was related to litter size since the smaller the litter size, the less the maternal weight gain during pregnancy and the greater the DNA content of the fetal brain. These data emphasize the importance of controlling for litter number in growth studies.
Palifermin 60 mcg/kg/d of the actual body weight unless actual body weight is ,40% of the Ideal body weight (IBW), then adjusted body weight (AdBW) will be used for dose calculations - administered on Day - 5,-4, - 3 and then repeated on Day +1, +2 and +3. Dose of Melphalan + Palifermin (Normal Renal Function): All given on Day -2:. Dose Level 1- 200 mg/m2 I.V; Dose Level 2- 220 mg/m2 I.V; Dose Level 3- 240 mg/m2 I.V; Dose Level 4- 260 mg/m2 I.V; Dose Level 5- 280 mg/m2 I.V;. Dose of Melphalan + Palifermin (Renal Dysfunction CrCl. ,60)adm. via I.V.:. Dose Level 1- 140 mg/m2; Dose Level 2- 160 mg/m2; Dose Level 3- 180 mg/m2; Dose Level 4- 200 mg/m2; Dose Level 5- 220 mg/m2; ...
PubMed Central Canada (PMC Canada) provides free access to a stable and permanent online digital archive of full-text, peer-reviewed health and life sciences research publications. It builds on PubMed Central (PMC), the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature and is a member of the broader PMC International (PMCI) network of e-repositories.
TBW constitutes approximately 50% of lean body weight in healthy females and 60% of lean body weight in males. For clinical purposes, most clinicians generalize that TBW accounts for 60% of lean body weight in adults, regardless of gender. The percentage of TBW decreases as body fat increases and/or with age (75%-85% of body weight is water for newborns). Unless the patient is obese (body weight > 120% of ideal body weight [IBW]), clinicians typically use a patients actual body weight when calculating TBW.2 In obese patients, it is customary to estimate TBW using lean body weight or IBW as calculated by the Devine-Devine method: males lean body weight = 50 kg + (2.3 kg/in ...
Introduction. Body weight is one of the most important selection criteria in almost any sheep- and goat-breeding enterprise. In many sheep breeds, continuous selection for increased body weight has led to a situation where a further increase in body weight is contra-indicated. This is not the case in Angora goats, however, where there is still a positive relationship between ewe body weight and reproductive performance (Snyman, 2010a). Many of the problems encountered in Angora goats - such as high kid mortality rates (Snyman, 2010b), poor post weaning growth rates (Snyman, 2007) and low reproductive rate of young ewes (Snyman, 2010a) - could be linked to body weight. Body weight should therefore be one of the most important criteria in the selection programme of Angora goats. Angora goat stud breeders use a selection index that emphasizes increasing body weight (Snyman et al., 1996). However, not many use performance testing and objective measurement of body weight. Much of the selection for ...
How to Gain Weight when You Have Cancer. Maintaining a healthy body weight is essential when undergoing treatment for cancer. Whether you start treatment with a low body weight or develop a low body weight as a result of your treatment,...
Pregnancy weight gain. Some of us gain too little. Some of us gain too much. But we often fail to recognize just how much weight were going to gain in that last trimester. And interventions used in the last trimester may be futile at managing excessive or too little weight gain. Thankfully, it seems that researchers have determined a possible resolution to the pregnancy weight gain dilemma.. Gaining too much weight can increase the mothers risk for both hypertension and diabetes. These conditions can put the baby at risk for long-term health problems, like childhood obesity, and possibly even necessitating an early delivery because of pregnancy complications. Gaining too little weight can lead to complications like pre-term birth and smaller-than-gestational-age infants.. Essentially, the recommended weight gain guidelines are based on body weight before pregnancy. For women that are underweight before pregnancy, the Institute of Medicine recommends a weight gain of 28 to 40 pounds. Average ...
This study investigated whether a child s first infection with Cryptosporidium parvum had an acute effect on weight gain. Specifically, the authors compared monthly rates of weight gain between C. parvum-infected and noninfected children. Over a 2-year period 1989-1991, a cohort of Peruvian children aged 0-3 months at recruitment were followed...
Our main finding was that weight loss at 12 weeks, age, mental HRQL and employment status had direct effects on weight loss at 1 year. 12 week weight loss had the strongest direct effect.. The impact of initial weight loss on long term weight loss is well described in several studies [19-21]. In a recent American study of 1,685 multi ethnic obese participants, weight loss at 6 months was found to be a consistent predictor of weight loss after 36 months across gender and ethnic groups [22]. The same was reported in a Swedish study of 247 participants undergoing a two-step weight loss program lasting for 8-10 months. The strongest factor for predicting weight loss in the Step II treatment was Step I weight loss. Each 1 kg weight loss in Step I predicted 13% of the variation in Step II weight loss [23]. The randomized multi center Look Ahead-study found that the larger a participants weight loss was after the first year, the larger their loss at year 4. The odds of achieving a loss ≥ 10% of ...
Genetic parameters for Columbia, Polypay, Rambouillet, and Targhee sheep were estimated using REML with animal models for prolificacy, weight, and wool traits. All bivariate analyses included a covariance between additive genetic effects for the two traits plus appropriate additional covariances. Number of observations by breed ranged from 5,140 to 7,095 for prolificacy traits, from 7,750 to 9,530 for weight traits, and from 4,603 to 34,746 for wool traits. Heritability estimates ranged from .03 to .11 for prolificacy traits (litter size at birth and litter size at weaning), from .09 to .26 for weight traits (birth weight and average daily gain), and from .25 to .53 for wool traits (fleece weight, fleece grade and staple length). Estimates of direct genetic correlations among prolificacy and among weight traits were positive and ranged from .58 to 1.00 and .18 to 1.00, respectively. Estimates of direct genetic correlation between fleece weight and staple length were positive (.50 to .70) but were
BEZERRA, F.Q.G. et al. Body weight, scrotal circumference and testosterone concentration in young Boer goat males born during the dry or rainy seasons. S. Afr. j. anim. sci. [online]. 2009, vol.39, n.4, pp.301-306. ISSN 2221-4062.. The aim of this study was to compare testosterone concentration, body weight, scrotal circumference and age to penis detachment from days 30 to 240 in young Boer goat males (n = 22) born during the dry (n = 11) and the rainy (n = 11) seasons. In the dry season the parameters varied as follows: body weight from 3.7 ± 1.1 to 34.0 ± 4.7 kg, scrotal circumference from 7.9 ± 0.8 to 25.7 ± 2 cm, and testosterone concentration from 259.4 ± 172.4 to 4613.4 ± 2892 pc/mL. In the rainy season parameters varied as follows: body weight from 9.7 ± 2.3 to 28.1 ± 6.9 kg, scrotal circumference from 9.5 ± 1.5 to 22.0 ± 3.0 cm and testosterone from 521.9 ± 311.3 to 3417.9 ± 2021.8 pc/mL. At three months of age, 70% of animals born during the rainy season presented with penis ...
Any healthy weight loss diet plan will tell you that there is no magic pill when it comes to weight loss. In their weight loss tips though they should be discussing this healthy weight loss tip. Recent studies have shown a well-known supplement is proving to be very beneficial in enhancing your healthy weight loss diet plan.. The enormous health benefits of essential fatty acids have been known for some time now, but whats almost startling is the recent research citing weight loss benefits as well. In a May 2007 study published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition it mentions this, "The test group which incorporated essential fatty acids into their weight-loss plan lost more body fat than all the other test groups combined." This is huge no matter what healthy weight loss diet you may be following.. hypnosis for weight loss, diet software programs, simply weight loss, While it is not known exactly why essential fatty acids - termed essential because they cannot be produced by the body ...
Obesity is a growing epidemic with no consensus regarding solutions. Thirty healthy overweight and obese female subjects (41.9 ± 12 years, 166 cm ± 7 cm, a 100.5 kg ± 19.6 kg, 46.0% ± 4.0% body fat, and BMI 37.4 ± 6.9) participated in the study. A 14-day dietary intervention examined acute effects of energy balance and macronutrient type on dietary intake, REE, body weight, body composition, and thyroid panel. Significant changes occurred in weight loss over time (p , 0.001); body fat mass over time (p , 0.001) and time x diet (p = 0.02); body fat percentage over time (p , 0.002) and time x diet (p = 0.023); REE over time (p = 0.03), and thyroid panel. Body weight continued to decrease during positive energy balance, yet metabolism rebounded. Results suggest energy balance has a greater overall effect on REE and weight loss than macronutrient type ...
The risk of obesity in adulthood is subject to programming beginning at conception. In animal models, exposure to maternal obesity and high fat diets influences the risk of obesity in the offspring. Among other long-term changes, offspring from obese rats develop hyperinsulinemia, hepatic steatosis, and lipogenic gene expression in the liver at weaning. However, the precise underlying mechanisms leading to metabolic dysregulation in the offspring remains unclear. Using a rat model of overfeeding-induced obesity, we previously demonstrated that exposure to maternal obesity from pre-conception to birth, is sufficient to program increased obesity risk in the offspring. Offspring of obese rat dams gain greater body weight and fat mass when fed high fat diet (HFD) as compared to lean dam. Since, disruptions of diurnal circadian rhythm are known to detrimentally impact metabolically active tissues such as liver, we examined the hypothesis that maternal obesity leads to perturbations of core clock components
The present experiment was conducted on 60 randomly selected dairy units consisting of 116 Graded Murrah,70 Diara type and 121 Non-descript type buffalo cows utilizing the procedure of stratified random sampling with proportional allocation (Snedecor & Cochran,1967) in and around Patna.Genetic factors were the three different genetic groups of buffaloes viz. Graded murrah,Diara and Non-descript types prevalent in Bihar.Where as Non-genetic factors included in the study were location of herd,faming system and sequence of lactation.The average estimates of body weight of Graded murrah, Diara and Non-descript were found to be 508.972+3.36, 461.789+3.32 and 483.857+3.30 kg respectively. The three genetic groups of buffaloes differed significantly (p. Key words: buffaloes ,Body weight,genetic and non genetic factors. ...
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Author : Sankar Kumar Dey, Durga Pada Dolai, Debasis Mandal, Balaram Das, Sandeep Kumar Dash, Debnarayan Roy and Somenath Roy. Nicotine, a major toxic component of cigarette smoke has been identified as a major risk factor for different diseases. In the present study, we evaluated the protective effects of aqueous extract of Andrographis paniculata (AE-AP) and Vitamin C on lipid peroxidation and antioxidants status against nicotine treated liver and kidney toxicity. A group of male Wistar rats were induced by subcutaneous injection of vehicle, nicotine (2mg/kg body weight/day), nicotine plus AE-AP250 (250 mg/kg body weight/day), nicotine plus AE-AP500 (500 mg/kg body weight/day) and nicotine plus Vitamin C (5 mg/kg body weight/day) for the period of 15 days. Measurement of biochemical marker enzyme lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), lipid peroxidation (MDA), conjugated dienes and antioxidants were used to monitor the antiperoxidative effects of AE-AP and Vitamin C. The decreased biochemical marker ...
The obesity rate in the United States has risen significantly in the past few decades. While a number of economic causes for the rise in obesity have been explored, little attention has been on the role of health insurance per se. This paper examines obesity in the context of a model where health insurance status can influence body weight. We attempt to isolate the effects of ex ante moral hazard, where people with health insurance may change their behaviors towards weight control. We use data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System from 1993 to 2002 to determine the potential effect of having health insurance on measures of body weight. In our analyses, we control for a variety of confounding factors that may influence body weight and address the endogenous nature of health insurance. Our results show evidence that having insurance is associated with higher body mass (particularly for those above the poverty threshold) and an increased probability of being overweight. However, we ...
Low carbohydrate diets are often designed for fast weight loss. This is rarely effective in the long term because it is achieved mainly by loss of water and lean mass. The water is rapidly regained when normal eating is resumed. As well as being ineffective, these diets produce ketones (see also ketogenic diets) which can be harmful. Therefore, such diets should only be taken under medical supervision. Low carbohydrate diets can also increase blood cholesterol levels, cause hypoglycaemia, and disrupt the balance of minerals. The diets rarely provide sufficient nutrients and are usually difficult to follow.. Some people reduce their carbohydrate intake in the mistaken belief that carbohydrates are as fattening as pure fats. However, less fatty tissue is made by eating 2000 Calories of carbohydrates than by eating 2000 Calories of pure fat. Fat overeaters tend to put on weight more easily and to be overweight for longer than carbohydrate overeaters. Stated simply, excess fats are more fattening ...
Deluxe Weight - 2 LB, Wrap Weights, Holding weights can be a challenging task for students with disabilities. With low muscle tone and strength, gripping a weight in a hand can be a struggle. With this Wrist and Ankle Weight you can increase the weight resistance and increase the amount of work done without worrying about weights being dropped., Increase both arm strength and leg strength together or separately through fitness activities and/or weight training with your wrist and ankle weights. The color of the weight allows your students to easily remember which weight to use by having them remember a color rather than a number. Have them keep track of their improvement and progress with the color scale instead of numbers. Fits children and adults! A full range of weights for a full range of workouts! Easy-to-use weights can be worn on wrists and ankles for both upper- and lower-body workout routines. Weights are covered in vinyl and wipe clean with just soap and water. Color-coded and clearly
Two hundred two sows (98 parity 1 and 104 parity 2 sows) were used in a 2 x 3 factorial arrangement of treatments to determine the effect of dietary valine and lysine on sow lactation performance. Treatments included two levels of lysine (.8 or 1.2%) and three valine to lysine ratios (80, 100, 120% of lysine). This experiment was conducted at a research farm of a production facility in New South Wales, Australia from January to March, 1994. For all sows, increasing dietary lysine increased litter weaning weight and litter weight gain and reduced sow weight loss. Increasing dietary valine tended to increase litter weight gain. Parity 1 sows had a greater response in litter weight gain to dietary lysine than parity 2 sows. Parity 1 sows also exhibited a linear increase in litter weight gain as dietary valine increased. Parity 2 sows had an increase in litter weight gain at the low lysine level but a decrease in litter weight gain at the high lysine level with increasing valine in the diet. Both ...
ad_1]. Many diets today focus on low carbohydrate foods which can help you lose weight very quickly. As a matter of fact there are a large amount of diets that concentrate on nothing but taking out carbohydrates from your diet almost completely. Here is a list of low carb diet plans; Atkins diet, Protein Power, Carbohydrate Addicts, the Zone diet, CKD, and SommerSizing. You may be wondering why so much fuss about low carb diets, well low carbohydrate diets are based on the theory that carbohydrates raise blood sugar levels, and it is this rise in blood glucose levels that triggers insulin production. It is this Insulin spike that many believe to be the main cause of fat storage in todays society, as many of the carbohydrates that are eaten are high glycemic carbs which basically means they cause a rapid spike in insulin levels. Low carbohydrate diets are advertised as being very healthy but there are potential health risks with cutting out the majority of your carbs and increasing you protein ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effect of interaction of gender and energy intake on lean body mass and fat mass gain in infant baboons. AU - Lewis, D. S.. AU - Bertrand, H. E.. AU - Masoro, E. J.. AU - McGill, H. C.. AU - Carey, K. D.. AU - McMahan, C. A.. PY - 1984/1/1. Y1 - 1984/1/1. N2 - The hypothesis that energy intake influences differently the composition of mass gain during the preweaning period was tested in male and female baboons. Infant baboons were fed either a high (92 kcal/100 g formula) or a low (49 kcal/100 g formula) caloric formula from birth. Body mass, lean body mass and fat mass of each baboon were measured directly at weaning (18 weeks of age). Lean mass and fat mass gained from birth to 18 weeks was estimated by using body composition data from eight newborn baboons. Both energy intake and gender significantly influenced gain of total mass, lean mass and fat mass. There was a significant gender by diet interaction effect of the gain of fat mass. There was a significant gender by diet ...
Abstract: Heritablities and correlations were estimated between lamb body weight at different ages and reproductive traits in the Lori-Bakhtiari sheep breed. Data and pedigree information for Lori-Bakhtiari sheep used in this study were 5826 records of body weight of lambs from 240 sires and 1627 dams, and 5741 records of reproductive traits from 1797 ewes collected from 1989 to 2006 from a Lori-Bakhtiari flock at the Shooli station in Shahrekord. The lamb traits investigated were weights at birth (BWT), weaning (WWT) and at six months of age (WT6). The reproductive traits were conception rate (CR), litter size at birth per ewe lambing (LSB/EL), litter size at weaning per ewe lambing (LSW/EL), litter size at birth per ewe exposed to a ram (LSB/EE), litter size at weaning per ewe exposed (LSW/EE), total litter weight at birth per ewe lambing (TLWB/EL), total litter weight at weaning per ewe lambing (TLWW/EL), total litter weight at birth per ewe exposed (TLWB/EE) and total litter weight at ...
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BACKGROUND: Mechanisms underlying weight loss maintenance after gastric bypass surgery are poorly understood. Our aim was to examine the effects of gastric bypass on energy expenditure in rats. METHODS: Thirty diet-induced obese male Wistar rats underwent either gastric bypass (n=14), sham operation ad libitum fed (n=8) or sham-operation body weight-matched (n=8). Energy expenditure was measured in an open circuit calorimetry system. RESULTS: Body weight after 70 days was lower after gastric bypass compared to sham ad libitum fed rats (p,0.0001). Sham-operated body weight-matched controls ate less than gastric bypass animals to reach the same weight (16.2+/-0.5g vs. 27.5+/-0.8g, p,0.001). Twenty-four hour energy expenditure was increased after gastric bypass (4.50+/-0.04 kcal/kg/h) compared to sham-operated ad libitum fed (4.29+/-0.08 kcal/kg/h) and sham-operated body weight-matched controls (3.98+/-0.10 kcal/kg/h, p,0.001). Gastric bypass rats showed higher energy expenditure during the light ...
Objectives To evaluate parental perceptions of and concern about childs body weight and general health in children in a European cohort. Design Cross-sectional multi-centre study in eight European countries. Participants 16220 children, ages 29 years. Methods Parents completed a questionnaire regarding childrens health and weight and concern about overweight and underweight. Objective childrens weight categories from the International Obesity Task Force were used. Logistic regression models were utilized to identify predictors of accurate weight perception. Results Parental weight perception corresponded overall to childrens mean body mass index (BMI) z-scores, with important exceptions. About one-third of the total indicated concern about underweight, paradoxically most often parents of children in the overweight or obesity categories. In 63%, parents of children in the overweight category marked proper weight. The strongest predictor for accurate parental weight perception for children ...
Introduction: Studies have shown that neighborhood factors (e.g., socioeconomic disadvantage, food sources) have been associated with weight. However, neighborhood factors are often overlooked in weight loss interventions, and few studies examine the influence of neighborhoods on weight change. We examined the neighborhood environment and its association with weight change in a 12-mo. weight loss intervention.. Hypothesis: Individuals who live in obesogenic neighborhood environments (e.g., low income, absence of grocery stores) would be less likely to lose weight over time compared to those who live in healthy environments.. Methods: This analysis included data on body weight assessed at 0 and 6 mos and calculated as percent change. Residential address at baseline was geocoded using ArcGIS software and assigned the appropriate census tract. Key neighborhood measures included grocery store and restaurant density, proportion Black and low income, and an index of neighborhood socioeconomic ...
In a volume-targeted mode (e.g., volume control; Figure 29B-1), the ventilator provides an inspiratory flow over time to target a set volume. To avoid ventilator-induced injury, multiple trials have shown that limiting the tidal volume improves patient outcomes compared to using the larger volumes more common in the past (often ≥10 mL/kg to start).3-6 One approach is to start volume-targeted ventilation at 6 mL/kg ideal body weight for patients with or at risk for acute respiratory distress syndrome and 6 to 8 mL/kg ideal body weight for other patients. The definition of acute respiratory distress syndrome is provided in Table 29B-1. Those at risk for acute respiratory distress syndrome have pneumonia, sepsis, trauma, pancreatitis, or any shock state.7 To choose ventilation settings, calculate ideal body weight using the patients height, an important caveat in obese patients in whom harm is risked if tidal volumes choice is based on actual body weight. ...
Combined Repeated Dose Toxicity Study with the Reproduction / Developmental Toxicity Screening Test The Combined Repeated Dose Toxicity Study with the Reproduction / Developmental Toxicity Screening Test in the Han Wistar Rat was conducted according to the OECD guideline No. 422. Benzylamine was administered by oral-gavage to male rats for 28 days and to female rats for 14 days prior to pairing, through the pairing and gestation periods until the F1 generation reached day 4 post partum. The following dose levels were applied: Group 1: 0 mg/kg bw/day (control group) Group 2: 30 mg/kg bw/day Group 3: 75 mg/kg bw/day Group 4: 150 mg/kg bw/day A standard dose volume of 4 mL/kg bw with a daily adjustment to the actual body weight was used. Control animals were dosed with the vehicle alone (corn oil). The following results were obtained: Parent Animals General Tolerability One female treated at 150 mg/kg bw/day was killed in extremis on day 21 post coitum due to gastric lesions deemed due to the ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Maternal expression of functional lipoprotein lipase and effects on body fat mass and body condition scores of mature cats with lipoprotein lipase deficiency. AU - Backus, Robert C.. AU - Ginzinger, David G.. AU - Ashbourne Excoffon, Katherine J.D.. AU - Clee, Susanne M.. AU - Hayden, Michael R.. AU - Eckel, Robert H.. AU - Hickman, M. Anne. AU - Rogers, Quinton. PY - 2001/1/1. Y1 - 2001/1/1. N2 - Objective - To assess effects of deficiency of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) on body condition scores and lean and fat body masses of adult cats. Animals - 12 cats without LPL mutations and 23 cats that were heterozygous or homozygous carriers of the Gly412Arg LPL mutation. Procedure - Lean and fat body masses were estimated by use of body condition scores and change in enrichment of serum after IV administration of deuterium oxide. Mass spectroscopy and infrared absorbance methods were used to determine deuterium enrichment. Results - Fat body mass (mean ± SD; 0.2 ± 0.1 kg) and percentage ...
It is very important Molandes were not accutane weight gain and moisturizing system that some degree the extent a short course of interact with your prescription.Fibromyalgia Arthritis Chronic Fatigue Multiple Sclerosis Bipolar. 4.1 Typical Side Effects of Prozac (fluoxetine HCl) The. weight gain, nausea.. July Differential Rearing Alters Forced Swim Test Behavior, Fluoxetine. and/or post-fluoxetine weight gain. Forced Swim Test Behavior, Fluoxetine Efficacy,.Significant weight gain is a side effect associated with olanzapine treatment in some patients. Fluoxetine; Weight gain; Toxicity; Psychotropic; Neuroleptic.generally experience greater weight gain, anxiety,. Body fat and weight distribution. fluoxetine 25 Male and 17 female.Bienvenue sur le site de lInstitut André Bodereau. Subscribe to this RSS feed. Can Zoloft Cause Fluid Retention.can taking paxil cause weight gain paroxetine hcl 20 mg en espanol. paxil zoloft prozac paroxetine hydrochloride tablets 20 mg. paxil or zoloft weight gain ...
Discover how Dr. Posner or your local Serotonin-Plus Weight Loss doctor can help your weight loss succeed where diets alone fail.. Our patients average 35 pounds of weight loss over 12 weeks.. Serotonin-Plus offers individualized weight loss programs to fit every weight loss need. Whether you have 10 pounds or 150 pounds to lose we offer effective, safe and responsible weight loss to fit any budget. We tailor programs to you based upon your specific needs, capabilities and limitations. Our weight loss program has a very high success rate and patients are re-evaluated until optimal weight loss is achieved. Serotonin-Plus provides flexibility so that you can achieve your goal while maintaining your busy schedule.. The programs foundation is built on behavioral and lifestyle modification with a medical "jumpstart". The Serotonin-Plus Weight Loss Program™ is medically supervised and consists of weekly visits with the medical staff depending upon the program chosen. Realistic weight loss is 20-50 ...
Objective: To review the literature and discover which antidepressants are responsible for weight gain and then to discuss the areas with lack of adequate knowledge. Method: An electronic search was conducted through Medline, Pubmed, Cochrane library, and ScienceDirect. Forty nine empirical researches were identified and reviewed. Results: Amitriptyline, clomipramine, and mirtazapine have been associated with more weight gain induction in clinical studies, but not in animal-based studies. All TCAs have been reported to cause weight gain except protriptyline. MAOIs have been associated with weight gain. In SSRI group, citalopram and ecitalopram induce weight, yet mixed results exist for paroxetine and fluoxetine. Researches unanimously reported weight loss effect for bupropion. Some studies suggest contributing factors in the relationship of antidepressants with body weight changes including age, gender, base-line weights and treatment duration. Various results of different treatment durations have been
BACKGROUND: Circulating angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) was identified as a predictor of weight loss maintenance in overweight/obese women of the Diogenes project. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether ACE acted also as a predictor in men of the Diogenes study and to compare it with that in women. DESIGN: Subjects, who lost ≥ 8% of body weight induced by low-caloric diet in an 8-week weight loss period, were assigned to weight loss maintenance with dietary intervention for 6 months. SUBJECTS: 125 overweight/obese healthy men from eight European countries who completed whole intervention. MEASUREMENTS: Concentrations and activity of serum ACE at baseline and after the 8-week weight loss, in addition to anthropometric and physiological parameters. RESULTS: Serum ACE concentration decreased by 11.3 ± 10.6% during the weight loss period in men. A greater reduction is associated with less body weight regain during the maintenance period (r=0.227, P=0.012). ACE change was able to predict a weight regain
The objective of present study was to investigate the digestibility of fat in the different segments of the small intestine in broiler chickens fed with two different feed containing either 4% soybean oil or 2% rapeseed oil + 2% linseed oil. The feed containing soybean oil resulted in higher fat digestibility percentage (in jejunum 38.8 vs. 36.3% and the first part of ileum 85.8 vs. 74.6%) compared to the rapeseed plus linseed oil diet. Final body weight and liver weight were significantly different in the diet groups (p≤0.05). Final body weight in the soya oil group was 2137.6 gram and in the rapeseed plus linseed oil group 2019.6 gram, and liver weight was 64 gram in the soybean oil group and 58 gram in the rapeseed plus linseed oil group. There were no significant differences in the gizzard weight in two diet groups. The increased fat digestibility in jejunum and the first part of ileum might be one factor contributing to increased final body weight. Keywords: digestibility, ileum, jejunum, ...
Increasing of body weight has been one of the important economic factors in the poultry industry. Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I is a polypeptide that serves to regulate muscle development and body growth. Moreover, IGF-I is related to feed efficiency. However, there are few studies regarding the regulatory roles of chicken IGF-I/-II compared with that of mammals. Especially, the Korean Native Ogol Chicken (KNOC) has a lean body growth and its body weight is generally lighter than the broiler chicken. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate associations among serum IGF-I/-II concentration, feed efficiency, and body growth in KNOC. The body weight and feed intake of KNOC were recorded from 20 to 36 weeks at 2 weeks intervals, and blood was taken every 2 weeks. Serum IGF-I/-II were measured by RIA. Chickens were divided into two groups, high and low serum IGF-I concentration. Generally, feed efficiency and growth performance (body weight and weight gain) in the high serum IGF-I ...
Field data from the North American Limousin Federation was used to determine the heritability and genetic correlations of body condition score (BCS) with carcass traits. Carcass traits included carcass weight, ribeye area, fat thickness, intramuscular fat, and % kidney, pelvic, and heart fat, and all were estimated to be lowly to moderately heritable (0.14 to 0.34). Heritability of BCS was 0.19. Favorable correlations existed between ribeye area and carcass weight (0.50), ribeye area and BCS (0.60), and carcass weight and BCS (0.28). Unfavorable correlations existed among ribeye area and intramuscular fat (-0.40), carcass weight and intramuscular fat (-0.23), and intramuscular fat and BCS (-0.64). These results suggest that selection for BCS should be effective and would result in some favorable changes in ribeye area and carcass weight but with unfavorable change in marbling ...
Two repeated experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of different stocking densities onbroiler performance, carcass characteristics, litter quality and foot lesionsusing 5224 one day-old Ross 308 broilers. In each experiment, a total of 2612 one day-old broilers were allocated in 16 floor pens at densities of 16, 18, 20 and 22 birds/m2 of floor space in an environmentally controlled broiler house. Data collected from the two experiments were pooled together for statistical analysis. The results indicated that body weight gain significantly decreased with increasing stocking density (P|0.05). Density beyond 16 birds/m2 significantly decreased the body weight gain at 1 to 21 day of age and density beyond 20 birds/m2 significantly decreased the body weight gains at 22 to 42 day of age and in whole experimental period (P|0.05). Body weight gain expressed as kg BW/m2 increased linearly with increased stocking density (P|0.05). Treatments had no significant effects on feed conversion ratio,
Objective: To survey the placental gene expression of inflammatory markers and growth factors in non-smoking obese women with an uncomplicated pregnancy without associated morbidity and delivery at term compared with normal weight women.. Methods: Placental tissue samples from 32 obese women (body mass index, BMI ,= 35.0 kg/m(2)) were compared with samples from 94 normal weight women (BMI 18.5-25.0 kg/m(2)) matched for age (+/- 1 year), gestational age (+/- 3 days), parity and mode of delivery. Semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to analyse toll receptor-2 and -4, interleukin-6 and -8, tumour necrosis factor-alpha, leptin, adiponectin, insulin-like growth factor-1 and -2, hepatocyte growth factor, hepatocyte growth factor receptor and insulin receptor.. Results: There was no significant difference in gene expression in placental tissue samples from obese and normal weight women.. Conclusion: We found no difference in the occurrence of inflammatory ...
Introduction: Weight loss has been described in 20% to 45% of patients with Alzheimers disease (AD) and has been associated with adverse outcomes. Various mechanisms for weight loss in AD patients have been proposed, though none has been proven. This study aimed to elucidate a mechanism of weight loss in AD patients by examining the hypothesis that weight loss is associated with medial temporal lobe atrophy (MTA). Methods: Patients from the Frisian Alzheimers disease cohort study (a retrospective, longitudinal study of 576 community-dwelling AD patients) were included when a brain MRI was performed on which MTA could be assessed. To investigate the hypothesis that weight loss is associated with MTA, we investigated whether the trajectory of body weight change depends on the severity of MTA at the time of diagnosis (that is baseline). We hypothesized that patients with more severe MTA at baseline would have a lower body weight at baseline and a faster decrease in body weight during the course of ...
Gisbert E, Andree KB, Quintela JC et al.. 1Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries,Centre de Sant Carles de la Ràpita,Institut de Recerca i Tecnologia Agroalimentàries,Centre de Sant Carles de la Ràpita,IRTA-SCRIRTA-SCR in,Unitat de Cultius Aqüícoles,Crta. Poble Nou del Delta km 5.5,Sant Carles de la Rápita 43540,Spain.. The British journal of nutrition. Mar 2017.. An olive oil bioactive extract (OBE) rich in bioactive compounds like polyphenols, triterpenic acids, long-chain fatty alcohols, unsaturated hydrocarbons, tocopherols and sterols was tested (0, 0·08, 0·17, 0·42 and 0·73 % OBE) in diets fed to sea bream (Sparus aurata) (initial weight: 5·4 (sd 1·2) g) during a 90-d trial (four replicates). Fish fed diets containing 0·17 and 0·42 % OBE were 5 % heavier (61·1 (sd 1·6) and 60·3 (sd 1·1) g, respectively) than those of the control group (57·0 (sd 0·7) g), although feed conversion ratio and specific feed intake did not vary. There were no differences in lipid ...
article{c7200432-fb1d-47cc-8c66-47be09828b2c, abstract = {Background: The role of glycemic index (GI) in appetite and body-weight regulation is still not clear. ,br/,,br, ,br/,,br, Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate the long-term effects of a low-fat, high-carbohydrate diet with either low glycemic index (LGI) or high glycemic index (HGI) on ad libitum energy intake, body weight, and composition, as well as on risk factors for type 2 diabetes and ischemic heart disease in overweight healthy subjects. ,br/,,br, ,br/,,br, Design: The study was a 10-wk parallel, randomized, intervention trial with 2 matched groups. The LGI or HGI test foods, given as replacements for the subjects usual carbohydrate-rich foods, were equal in total energy, energy density, dietary fiber, and macronutrient composition. Subjects were 45 (LGI diet: n = 23; HGI diet: n = 22) healthy overweight [body mass index (in kg/m2): 27.6 ± 0.2] women aged 20-40 y. ,br/,,br, ,br/,,br, Results: Energy intake, ...
To study the effect of morphometric attributes on body weight of the turbot Scophthalmus maximus,morphometric measurement was taken on 1120 3-month-old turbots sampled in a local company in Yantai,Shandong of China.The attributes used in this study include body length,total length,body depth,head length,length between snout tip and frontal of gill cleft,tail handle length,tail handle height,body width,and body weight.A correlation coefficient matrix was constructed,in which the body weight was used as the dependent variable and other attributes as independent variables for path analysis.The path coefficients(P_i),determination coefficients(d_i and d_ ij),and correlation index(R2) were calculated,and major morphometric attributes determined.The results showed that all the correlation coefficient between each independent variable and dependent variable(body weight) were significantly different(P0.01).The total length gave a predominant direct effect(0.720) and determinacy on the body weight,it is the key
16,000 participants showed early weight gain had the largest effect on infants birth weight FOR RELEASE:. August 28, 2017. CONTACT:. Robyn Gordon, The Obesity Society: [email protected] SILVER SPRING, MD: Weight gain in early pregnancy has the greatest impact on infant size at birth, according to a new study published today in Obesity. The study is the largest ever analysis of the effect that weight gain in early pregnancy has on infant size.. The study examined 16,218 pregnant mothers throughout the first, second and third trimesters in Tianjin, China to determine the risk of infants size at birth. Results found weight gain early in pregnancy, before 24 weeks-regardless of the weight gain later-had the greatest impact on infant size. Infants born to women with weight gain that exceeds the 2009 Institute of Medicine guidelines for weight gain during pregnancy, prior to 24 weeks, were 2.5 times more likely to be born large.. Maternal obesity and weight gain in pregnancy have been ...
The present studyinvestigated the impact of selection for body weight (BW) on productive performance, predicted BW and genetic improvement of related traits in Japanese quail. Base population, selected parent and F1 progeny were tested. Pens and cages were used for rearing and breeding. A total of 240 birds in two successive generations, 27 sires and 54 dams (as selected parents) were used. Body weight from multiple regression equation, covariance analysis and combining models were estimated, response to selection, realized heritability and genetic correlation were computed for BW, weight gain (WG), feed intake (FI) and feed conversion ratio (FCR). The results showed that the response to selection for BW, WG, FI and FCR were 11.48 g, 27.04 g, 37 g and -0.2, respectively. The estimated heritabilities for the same traits were 0.78, 0.67, 0.52 and 0.77, respectively. Predicted equation (DUHOK equation) for BW as dependent variable on the initial body weight and sex ratio was derived. The final response for
Nondiabetic women who were overweight/obese (n=245) were randomly assigned to a lower fat (20% energy), higher carbohydrate (65% energy) diet; a lower carbohydrate (45% energy), higher fat (35% energy) diet; or a walnut-rich (18% energy), higher fat (35% energy), lower carbohydrate (45% energy) diet. All groups lost weight at follow-up (P,0.0001), with mean (SEM) percent loss of 9.2(1.1)% in lower fat, 6.5(0.9)% in lower carbohydrate, and 8.2(1.0)% in walnut-rich groups at 12months. The diet×time×insulin resistance status interaction was not statistically significant in the model for overall weight loss, although insulin sensitive women at 12months lost more weight in the lower fat vs. lower carbohydrate group (7.5kg vs. 4.3kg, P=0.06), and in the walnut-rich vs. lower carbohydrate group (8.1kg vs. 4.3kg, P=0.04). Sex hormone binding globulin increased within each group except in the lower carbohydrate group at 12months (P,0.01). C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 decreased at follow-up in ...
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NEW YORK, NY -- (Marketwire) -- 12/24/12 -- Gym memberships, workout apparel, shoes, at-home exercise videos, weights, machines, and other products are seen by many as necessities to a well-rounded weight loss strategy. But the truth is that, with body weight training, individuals can forgo the expenses associated with weight loss and still lose excess pounds. Hydroxycut in response to an article posted by TIME, showcases how body weight training is breaking the economic barriers that have stood between weight loss and individuals with limited financial means. According to the article, body weight training utilizes the natural resistance that the body provides during crunches, push-ups, and other standard exercise moves. By incorporating everyday objects, such as tables and counters, into their routines, individuals can improve the resistance of their workout by changing the angles at which they move. The national director of certification for the American College of Sports Medicine asserts: "We ...
Providing of insufficient nutrients limits the potential growth of pig, while feeding of excessive nutrients increases the economic loss and causes environment pollution. For these reasons, phase feeding had been introduced in swine farm for improving animal production. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary energy levels and phase feeding by protein levels on growth performance, blood profiles and carcass characteristics in growing-finishing pigs. A total of 128 growing pigs ([Yorkshire × Landrace] × Duroc), averaging 26.62 ± 3.07 kg body weight, were assigned in a 2 × 4 factorial arrangement with 4 pigs per pen. The first factor was two dietary energy level (3,265 kcal of ME/kg or 3,365 kcal of ME/kg), and the second factor was four different levels of dietary protein by phase feeding (1growing(G)-2finishing(F) phases, 2G-2F phases, 2G-3F phases and 2G-3F phases with low CP requirement). In feeding trial, there was no significant difference in growth performance. The BUN
Providing of insufficient nutrients limits the potential growth of pig, while feeding of excessive nutrients increases the economic loss and causes environment pollution. For these reasons, phase feeding had been introduced in swine farm for improving animal production. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary energy levels and phase feeding by protein levels on growth performance, blood profiles and carcass characteristics in growing-finishing pigs. A total of 128 growing pigs ([Yorkshire × Landrace] × Duroc), averaging 26.62 ± 3.07 kg body weight, were assigned in a 2 × 4 factorial arrangement with 4 pigs per pen. The first factor was two dietary energy level (3,265 kcal of ME/kg or 3,365 kcal of ME/kg), and the second factor was four different levels of dietary protein by phase feeding (1growing(G)-2finishing(F) phases, 2G-2F phases, 2G-3F phases and 2G-3F phases with low CP requirement). In feeding trial, there was no significant difference in growth performance. The BUN
Leptin is an important regulator of insulin action; both leptin deficiency and leptin resistance are associated with insulin-resistant glucose metabolism (4,12). Furthermore, leptin replacement improves insulin sensitivity in subjects with leptin deficiency (5-8). Part of the beneficial effect of leptin replacement therapy could be a result of reductions in body weight in both leptin-deficient rodents and rodents with high-fat diet-induced obesity (3,11,15). However, leptin therapy increases insulin sensitivity in the absence of a significant decrease in body weight or causes a greater reduction in blood glucose concentration after leptin-induced weight loss than after weight loss induced by pair-feeding alone in wild-type and leptin-deficient rodent models (1,2,16) and improves insulin sensitivity in leptin-deficient subjects, even in the absence of significant changes in body weight (7,8,17). In contrast, our data demonstrate that increasing leptin availability above normal plasma ...
The two anthropometric indicators of acute malnutrition in children under 5 years, i.e. a Mid-Upper Arm Circumference | 125 mm (MUAC125) or a Weight-for-Height Z-score|−2 (WHZ−2), correlate poorly. We aimed at assessing the contribution of age, sex, stunting (Height-for-Age HAZ|−2), and low sitting-standing height ratio Z-score (SSRZ in the 1st tertile of the study population, called hereafter longer legs) to this diagnosis discrepancy. Data from 16 cross-sectional nutritional surveys carried out by Action Against Hunger International in South Sudan, the Philippines, Chad, and Bangladesh fed multilevel, multivariate regression models, with either WHZ−2 or MUAC125 as the dependent variable and age, sex, stunting, and longer legs as the independent ones. We also compared how the performance of MUAC125 and WHZ−2 to detect slim children, i.e. children with a low Weight-for-Age (WAZ|−2) but no linear growth retardation (HAZ≥−2), was modified by the contributors. Overall 23.1 % of the 14
Clinically severe or morbid obesity is a chronic progressive condition that is very difficult to treat. Weight loss surgery for restricting food intake and interrupting digestive processes is an option for clinically severe obese patients that have been unsuccessful with other weight loss treatments. Eligible patients for "Weight Loss Surgery" often have a body mass index, or BMI, of 37.5 or greater. A BMI of 40 translates to about 45 kilos over ideal body weight for men or 36 kilos over ideal body weight for women. Weight loss surgery may also be an option for people with a BMI of 32.5 (govt of India, ministry of health guidelines) or greater who suffer from life-threatening obesity related health problems such as diabetes, obesity-related heart disease or severe sleep apnea. However, as is true for other treatments for obesity, successful results depend significantly on knowledge, personal motivation and behavior.. ...
Normal liver First "hit": Insulin resistance. A A A; Whats in this article? Weight and Type 1 type 1 diabetes can cause weight loss. How To Weight Gain At Home lada Diabetes Symptoms Treatment Diabetes & Alternative Diabetes Treatment Lada Diabetes Symptoms ::The 3 Step Trick that Reverses Diabetes Permanently in As Type 2 diabetes is a leading global public health crisis with the number of adults diagnosed with the condition more than doubling in the past 30 years.. Home , Recipes , margarine vs butter. If you have diabetes and erectile dysfunction Best ED Treatment for Men with Diabetes. Insulin therapy for diabetes has changed tremendously through the years. The onset of type 1 diabetes symptoms is not Why plants need Calcium and Magnesium .. Confusing heparin and insulin can have live threatening results. Perez-Sanchez J & Navarro I (2007) Insulin regulation of lipoprotein lipase Lipoprotein lipase Lipoprotein lipase; Fasting; Insulin; So be sure to schedule your test for first thing in the ...
Your friends enjoy using the weight machines and free weights at the fitness center. And you see the results of their hard work - toned muscles and an overall improved physique. Youd like to start a weight training program, but youre not sure you have the time. Think again.. Weight training is a type of strength training that uses weights for resistance. Weight training provides a stress to the muscles that causes them to adapt and get stronger, similar to the way aerobic conditioning strengthens your heart.. Weight training can be performed with free weights, such as barbells and dumbbells, or by using weight machines. You can also increase your strength through other types of resistance exercises, such as by using your body weight or resistance bands.. You dont have to be in the weight room for 90 minutes a day to see results. For most people, short weight training sessions a couple of times a week are more practical than are extended daily workouts.. You can see significant improvement in ...
SUMMARY Eighteen Massese male lambs, fed mainly maternal milk were slaughtered at 11, 14 and 17 kg. Samples of Longissimus Dorsi (LD), Triceps Brachii (TB) and Semimembranosus (Sm) muscles were collected. Milk from the lambs dams was sampled weekly. Fatty acid composition of milk and meat was determined. TB was the fattest muscle, Sm the leanest one and LD showed an intermediate value of total lipids, while the weight at slaughter did not influence total intramuscular fat content in any muscle. Although slaughter weight slightly affected overall fatty acid composition of muscles, rumenic acid and total CLA content in TB and Sm, but not in LD, significantly increased with slaughter weight. As regard milk fatty acid composition, the contents of total CLA, RA and others minor CLA isomers decreased during the first four weeks after lambing and then increased at the last control (five weeks). The animals slaughtered at a live weight of 14 and 17 kg showed a greater SCD enzyme activity (estimated by ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Interactive effects of emphysema and malnutrition on diaphragm structure and function. AU - Lewis, M. I.. AU - Monn, S. A.. AU - Zhan, W. Z.. AU - Sieck, Gary C. PY - 1994. Y1 - 1994. N2 - Interactive effects of emphysema (EMP) and prolonged nutritional deprivation (ND) on contractile, morphometric, and metabolic properties of hamster diaphragm muscle (DIA) were examined. Six months after induction of EMP (intratracheal elastase), saline-treated controls (CTL) and EMP hamsters of similar body weights were subjected to ND over 6 wk. Isometric contractile and fatigue properties of costal DIA were determined in vitro. DIA fibers were histochemically classified as type I or II, and fiber succinate dehydrogenase activity and cross-sectional area were determined using quantitative microscopic procedures. From histochemical sections, the number of capillaries per fiber (C/F) and per fiber cross-sectional area (C/A) were determined. ND resulted in progressive loss of body weight (ND-CTL, ...
More and more people are turning to the diet pill for their weight loss program. After all, why go through all the strenuous activities of exercising when you can just take a pill.. With the introduction of diet pills to promote weight loss, more and more people are turning to this form of weight loss. Most advertisements claim that their product can easily melt away fats and cellulites. Who needs to tone those abs and biceps with a disciplined exercise program when a diet pill can do it for you?. weight loss programs for women, free online diet programs, learn diet program, It is estimated that 60% of the American population are considered obese. The weight loss and diet pill industry are reaping millions of dollars in the United States alone.. Now, the questions are: is there any truth regarding the manufacturers claims that these diet pills can ultimately promote weight loss. Are they effective in helping people lose weight? Moreover, if that is the case, do these pills help those people ...
More than two-thirds (69%) of adults in the United States are overweight or obese which is linked to high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, arthritis and some cancers. Activating social support has been found to be an effective strategy to promote short-term weight loss, and it also appears to be a promising method to maintain weight. This pilot feasibility study examines whether a behavioral weight control program that engages the natural social support system of participants through the shared use of technology and social media produces better weight loss outcomes than a standard group-based behavioral weight control program alone. All participants in both weight control programs are provided with digital scales and physical activity trackers, and those in the social network enhanced condition will also be provided with technology for selected members of their family and friends to determine the best methods of facilitating weight loss and sustained weight control ...
The clinical efficacy of megestrol acetate oral suspension was assessed in two clinical trials. One was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study comparing megestrol acetate (MA) at doses of 100 mg, 400 mg, and 800 mg per day versus placebo in AIDS patients with anorexia/cachexia and significant weight loss. Of the 270 patients entered on study, 195 met all inclusion/exclusion criteria, had at least two additional post baseline weight measurements over a 12 week period or had one post baseline weight measurement but dropped out for therapeutic failure. The percent of patients gaining five or more pounds at maximum weight gain in 12 study weeks was statistically significantly greater for the 800 mg (64%) and 400 mg (57%) MA-treated groups than for the placebo group (24%). Mean weight increased from baseline to last evaluation in 12 study weeks in the 800 mg MA-treated group by 7.8 pounds, the 400 mg MA group by 4.2 pounds, the 100 mg MA group by 1.9 pounds and decreased in ...
Background: The interactive effects of resistance training and dietary protein on hormonal responses in overweight or obese adults are not clear and remain controversial. Investigators tested the effect of an isocaloric high-protein diet on body composition, ghrelin, and metabolic and hormonal parameters during a 12-week resistance training program in untrained overweight healthy young men.. Methodology: Investigators randomized 18 healthy young males to a standard diet (ST group) or an isocaloric high protein diet (HP group). They have not participated in any weight-management program during the previous 6 months. An open-label design will be used. At enrolment, participants will randomly assign to one of two groups: a control group with a standard diet (total calories 2,400 kcal/day, 60% carbohydrate, 15% protein and 25% fat; ST group) and an interventional group with an isocaloric high protein diet (total calories 2,400 kcal/day, 55% carbohydrate, 30% protein and 15% fat; HP group). ...
Effect of Lactobacillus mali on body weight and glucose homeostasis in diet-induced obese mice. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a clinical syndrome associated with deficiency of insulin response, which is presumed to be a direct result of the obesity epidemic. Lb. mali, isolated from sugar kefir drink, is a Gram-positive rods (0.5-1 μm in length) and demonstrated an immune-modulating activity in vitro. Certain studies reported that the intestinal microbiota play a pivotal role in conferring diet-induced obesity, insulin resistance and T2DM. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of potential probiotic strain Lactobacillus (Lb.) mali on the regulating bodyweight gain, body composition and glucose homeostasis using a high-fat diet induced animal model. Results indicated that Lb. mali could altered metabolism in mice model, including significantly loss of bodyweight gain and increase body lean/fat ratio when compared with high fat diet positive ...
Besides genetic factors, diet components may contribute to the development of obesity, and it is known that cafeteria diet is characterized by a high caloric intake. Thus, the present study evaluated the mutagenic effects that cafeteria diet exerted on Wistar rats and its consequences on female offspring. Twelve females (generation 1) were separated in control group (CTL) and Cafeteria Diet group (CAF). At 70 days of age, females were mated with non-obese control males. Weaning at 21 days of age, female offspring (2nd generation) were separated into daughters of CTL or CAF mothers and subdivided according to previous diet. Ratio of polychromatic erythrocytes (PCE) / normochromatic erythrocytes (NCE) in a total of 1000 cells and Micronuclei (MN) 1000 PCE were evaluated. Were observed high MN frequencies, body weight, retroperitoneal and perigonadal fat; and low PCE/NCE ratio in generation 1. In generation 2, cafeteria diet caused high body weight, retroperitoneal and perigonadal fat and ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Ontogeny of neuropeptide Y expression in response to deprivation in lean Zucker rat pups. AU - Kowalski, Timothy J.. AU - Houpt, Thomas A.. AU - Jahng, Jeongwon. AU - Okada, Nori. AU - Chua, Jr., Streamson C.. AU - Smith, Gerard P.. PY - 1998. Y1 - 1998. N2 - Hypothalamic neuropeptide Y (NPY) activity is believed to play an important role in the response to food deprivation in adult rats. Little is known, however, about the role of the hypothalamic NPY system in the control of food intake in the preweanling rat. To address this issue, we examined the effect of deprivation on arcuate nucleus preproNPY expression in lean Zucker rat pups, using in situ hybridization. PreproNPY expression within the arcuate nucleus was localized to cells in the medial portion. Twenty-four hours of food, water, and maternal deprivation significantly increased the relative abundance of preproNPY mRNA in pups on postnatal day (P) 2, P9, P12, and P15 by 14-31%. This response, however, was not observed on ...
We started with a discussion teetimonials Experiences, Good and Bad, On the Diet ; which led us into the issue of weight loss, especially for peri-menopausal and older women. This is an especially poignant issue for erpwho is welght years old and would like to lose weight for her upcoming knee zine surgery, but cannot walk. Designing a weight loss diet for someone like erp really forces a hard look at how to optimize a weight loss diet. The main food toxins to avoid are fructose, polyunsaturated fat, and wheat see Why We Get Fat: Food Toxins.. But the harder part is achieving a calorie restricted diet when so few calories are being expended, and yet avoiding malnutrition. How may that be done? Calorie restriction should come out of fat. So to conserve zone diet weight loss testimonials and reduce fat tissue, you have to eat your normal allotment of protein and carbs while restricting fat intake.. So your calorie-restricted weight loss diet will be just as nourishing as your regular diet. Only ...

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... originating from mice selectively bred for high voluntary wheel running and the inbred strain C57BL/6J (hereafter referred to ... Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) mapping for growth traits in the mouse: a review. Genet Sel Evol 33: 105-132, 2001. ... was previously made in selectively bred fat and lean mice originating from an initial cross between two inbred (CBA, JU) and ... Leptin levels and body composition of mice selectively bred for high voluntary activity. Physiol Biochem Zool 80: 568-579, 2007 ...
more infohttp://physiolgenomics.physiology.org/content/43/4/199

Genetic structure of the LXS panel of recombinant inbred mouse strains: a powerful resource for complex trait analysis,...Genetic structure of the LXS panel of recombinant inbred mouse strains: a powerful resource for complex trait analysis,...

"Genetic structure of the LXS panel of recombinant inbred mouse strains: a powerful resource for complex trait analysis, ... Ethanol-induced grooming in mice selectively bred for differential sensitivity to ethanol ... and complete independence among all 77 strains. Although the parental inbred strains-Inbred Long-Sleep (ILS) and Inbred Short- ... Effect of within-strain sample size on QTL detection and mapping using recombinant inbred mouse strains ...
more infohttps://www.deepdyve.com/lp/springer_journal/genetic-structure-of-the-lxs-panel-of-recombinant-inbred-mouse-strains-fo1oQUsEHl

High throughput sequencing in mice: a platform comparison identifies a preponderance of cryptic SNPs | BMC Genomics | Full TextHigh throughput sequencing in mice: a platform comparison identifies a preponderance of cryptic SNPs | BMC Genomics | Full Text

... selectively bred lines, heterogeneous stocks derived from standard inbred strains and wild mice) and the wealth of gene ... We sequenced the two most commonly used inbred mouse strains, DBA/2J and C57BL/6J, across a region of chromosome 1 (171.6 - ... This warrants full genomic sequencing of the mouse strains used as genetic models. ... Comparisons utilizing even two of the best characterized mouse genetic models, DBA/2J and C57BL/6J, indicate that more than ...
more infohttps://bmcgenomics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1471-2164-10-379

Plus itPlus it

Collectively, the results in selectively bred Withdrawal Seizure-Prone and -Resistant mice and B6 and D2 inbred strains suggest ... 5α-THP was correlated with ethanol withdrawal hyperexcitability in another genetic mouse model, namely the C57BL/6 (B6) and DBA ... D2) inbred strains. These strains also differ in ethanol withdrawal severity (D2 ≫ B6). B6 and D2 male mice were injected with ... Plasma 3α,5α-THP levels did not differ in the B6 and D2 mice injected with this steroid, suggesting that the strain differences ...
more infohttp://jpet.aspetjournals.org/content/280/2/820

NIAAA Directors Report on Institute Activities to The 119th Meeting of the National Advisory Council on Alcohol Abuse and...NIAAA Director's Report on Institute Activities to The 119th Meeting of the National Advisory Council on Alcohol Abuse and...

... selectively bred, high and low alcohol-preferring mice (HAP and LAP); recombinant inbred mice (BXD RI strains), and inbred ... Fate-Mapping Evidence that Hepatic Stellate Cells Are Epithelial Progenitors in Adult Mouse Livers. Hepatic stellate cells ( ... strains of mice. They used a meta-analysis to pool the results and then used previously developed methods of filtering ... Because mutant mice that lack phosphokinase CPKC exhibit reduced anxiety-like behavior and alcohol consumption, its ...
more infohttps://www.niaaa.nih.gov/about-niaaa/our-work/advisory-council/directors-reports-council/niaaa-directors-report-institute-119

Chronic Intermittent Ethanol (CIE) Exposure Model | iniastress.orgChronic Intermittent Ethanol (CIE) Exposure Model | iniastress.org

... as well as other inbred mouse strains including DBA/2J and C3H/Hecr, selectively bred HAP/LAP lines, and and BXD RI lines. Mice ... Mice are individually housed in standard polypropylene pans with wood-chip bedding and stainless steel wire lids. The mice are ... mice with consumption in nondependent mice. The general experimental strategy of this model is to first establish the positive ... inhalation exposure is typically determined in a separate group of similarly treated sentinel mice (N= 3-4 mice/chamber). At ...
more infohttp://iniastress.org/cie

The genetic mediation of individual differences in sensitivity to pain and its inhibition | PNASThe genetic mediation of individual differences in sensitivity to pain and its inhibition | PNAS

CXBK mouse strain (25, 26), the High Analgesia/Low Analgesia (HA/LA) mouse lines selectively bred for swim stress-induced ... mice. The same workers have recently (40) identified μ-, δ-, and κ-type heroin responders among inbred mouse strains. Vaccarino ... mouse lines selectively bred for levorphanol analgesia (29), the High Autotomy/Low Autotomy (HA/LA) rat lines selectively bred ... Rodent populations of use for genetic analysis can either be produced (e.g., inbred strains, recombinant inbred strains, ...
more infohttps://www.pnas.org/content/96/14/7744?ijkey=61d06c9aa4c8a6590b8d8fa8d4870c36b2a96ce6&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha

Kcnj9 B6 vs. D2 PARC SNPs. Kcnj9 is represented with th | Open-iKcnj9 B6 vs. D2 PARC SNPs. Kcnj9 is represented with th | Open-i

... selectively bred lines, heterogeneous stocks derived from standard inbred strains and wild mice) and the wealth of gene ... Results: We sequenced the two most commonly used inbred mouse strains, DBA/2J and C57BL/6J, across a region of chromosome 1 ( ... selectively bred lines, heterogeneous stocks derived from standard inbred strains and wild mice) and the wealth of gene ... Results: We sequenced the two most commonly used inbred mouse strains, DBA/2J and C57BL/6J, across a region of chromosome 1 ( ...
more infohttps://openi.nlm.nih.gov/detailedresult.php?img=PMC2743714_1471-2164-10-379-5&req=4

Effect of Gabra2 Knockdown on Alcohol Preference - Stephen BoehmEffect of Gabra2 Knockdown on Alcohol Preference - Stephen Boehm

... inbred and the high alcohol preferring (HAP2) selectively bred mouse strains/lines. A lentiviral vector-mediated delivery ... 2017) Effects of Nicotine on Alcohol Drinking in Female Mice Selectively Bred for High or Low Alcohol Preference. Alcohol Clin ... The hypothesis is that knockdown of a2 in each of these structures will reduce alcohol intake/preference in B6 and HAP2 mice. ... and anxiety-like behavior in two different high drinking/alcohol preferring mouse populations, the C57BL/6J (B6) ...
more infohttp://grantome.com/grant/NIH/P60-AA007611-27-7377

Major histocompatibility complex - WikipediaMajor histocompatibility complex - Wikipedia

George Snell selectively bred two mouse strains, attained a new strain nearly identical to one of the progenitor strains, but ... MHC genes were first identified in inbred mice strains. Clarence Little transplanted tumors across differing strains and found ... MHC molecules were identified and named after their role in transplant rejection between mice of different strains, though it ... The human MHC is also called the HLA (human leukocyte antigen) complex (often just the HLA). The MHC in mice is called the H-2 ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Major_histocompatibility_complex

Individual differences in recovery from traumatic fearIndividual differences in recovery from traumatic fear

A third approach utilizes inbred strains of rats and mice. Within an inbred strain, each individual is essentially genetically ... Impaired extinction of learned fear in rats selectively bred for high anxiety: evidence of altered neuronal processing in ... These models include the aforementioned S1 mouse strain [20], a poor-extinction subpopulation of B6 mice [29], B6 mice treated ... Thus, because any given inbred strain differs genetically to other strains [19], two inbred strains can be treated as two ...
more infohttp://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3787595/?lang=en-ca

Genetic research: who is at risk for alcoholism? - Free Online LibraryGenetic research: who is at risk for alcoholism? - Free Online Library

One trait that has been found to be genetically determined is alcohol preference of inbred mouse strains. Thus, specific mouse ... Table Selectively Bred Rat and Mouse Lines With Differential Responses to Alcohol * Lines Abbreviation Selected Trait Rats ... usually by comparing mice in which a single gene has been inactivated (i.e., knockout mice) with control mice in which the gene ... and studies with inbred strains continue to this day. Each inbred strain possesses a random collection of genes (i.e., genotype ...
more infohttps://www.thefreelibrary.com/Genetic+research%3A+who+is+at+risk+for+alcoholism%3F-a0237135982

10 Genetic Markers in Social Science Research: Opportunities and Pitfalls--George P. Vogler and Gerald E. McClearn | Biosocial...10 Genetic Markers in Social Science Research: Opportunities and Pitfalls--George P. Vogler and Gerald E. McClearn | Biosocial...

Falconer (see Falconer and Mackay, 1996) selectively bred mice for high or low growth from three to six weeks of age on either ... The animals of an inbred strain are approximately uniform genetically, and different inbred strains differ genetically from ... A possible toxic risk factor for development of Alzheimer diseaseâ aluminum in the dietâ was explored in a mouse study by ... Blizard and Randt (1974), for example, reared two inbred strains of mice under one of three housing conditionsâ standard caging ...
more infohttps://www.nap.edu/read/11939/chapter/14

008875 - B6.129P2-Lgr5|tm1(cre/ERT2)Cle|/J008875 - B6.129P2-Lgr5|tm1(cre/ERT2)Cle|/J

When these mice mice are bred with mice containing a ,i,loxP,/i,-flanked sequence of interest, tamoxifen-inducible, Cre- ... These mice may be useful for lineage-tracing or marking ,i,Lgr5,/i,-expressing stem cells of the small intestine. ... Heterozygous mice harbor an Lgr5-EGFP-IRES-creERT2 knock-in allele that both abolishes ,i,Lgr5,/i, gene function and ... "MICE" means mouse strains, their progeny derived by inbreeding or crossbreeding, unmodified derivatives from mouse strains or ...
more infohttps://www.jax.org/strain/008875

General Information | John C. Crabbe, Ph.D. | OHSU People | OHSUGeneral Information | John C. Crabbe, Ph.D. | OHSU People | OHSU

I have developed mouse pharmacogenetic models for dependence on ethanol by selectively breeding lines of mice resistant, or ... "Experimenter effects on behavioral test scores of eight inbred mouse strains under the influence of ethanol." Behavioural Brain ... We have also developed new lines of mice selectively bred for binge Drinking in the Dark as a part of the Integrative ... "Rewarding and aversive effects of ethanol in High Drinking in the Dark selectively bred mice." Addiction Biology In: , Vol. 20 ...
more infohttp://www.ohsu.edu/people/john-c-crabbe/AFE02BF8E1CF56A8DF8C504B70B5A228

Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Thomas E. Johnson (Translated to Portuguese)Protocols and Video Articles Authored by Thomas E. Johnson (Translated to Portuguese)

Sep, 2010 , Pubmed ID: 20657349 Inbred long-sleep and short-sleep mice (ILS and ISS) were selectively bred for differential ... Feb, 2006 , Pubmed ID: 16465594 The Inbred Long Sleep (ILS) and Inbred Short Sleep (ISS) mouse strains have a 16-fold ... 74-strain L x S recombinant inbred (RI) panel, developed from inbred long-sleep (ILS) and inbred short-sleep (ISS) strains, to ... and complete independence among all 77 strains. Although the parental inbred strains-Inbred Long-Sleep (ILS) and Inbred Short- ...
more infohttps://www.jove.com/author/Thomas+E._Johnson?language=Portuguese

Concomitant administration of radiation with eribulin improves the survival of mice harboring intracerebral glioblastoma.Concomitant administration of radiation with eribulin improves the survival of mice harboring intracerebral glioblastoma.

Mice, Inbred Sencar. Mice selectively bred for hypersusceptibility to two-stage chemical skin carcinogenesis. They are also ... Mice, 129 Strain. Strains of mice arising from a parental inbred stock that was subsequently used to produce substrains of ... found that eribulin suppresses glioma growth in vitro and in vivo and that eribulin is efficiently transferred into mouse brain ... A strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) isolated from radiation-induced lymphomas in C57BL mice. It is ...
more infohttps://www.bioportfolio.com/resources/pmarticle/2044123/Concomitant-administration-of-radiation-with-eribulin-improves-the-survival-of-mice-harboring.html

RFA: Genetics of Alcohol-Related BehavioRFA: Genetics of Alcohol-Related Behavio

Gora-Maslak G, McClearn GE, Crabbe JC, Phillips TJ, Belknap JK, Plomin R (1991): Use of recombinant inbred strains to identify ... Using operant techniques, distinctive temporal patterns of alcohol consumption have been demonstrated in the selectively bred ... A detailed human-mouse synteny map can accurately predict the map location of potential human homologues of mouse genes (Nadeau ... Nadeau JH, Davisson MT, Doolittle DP, Grant P, Hillyard AL, Kosowsky MR, Roderick TH (1992): Comparative map for mice and ...
more infohttp://www.bio.net/bionet/mm/neur-sci/1994-December/015940.html

Department of BiologyDepartment of Biology

High-saturated fat-sucrose feeding affects lactation energetics in control mice and mice selectively bred for high. wheel- ... Mouse inbred strain differences in ethanol drinking to intoxication.. Genes, Brain and Behavior 6:1-18. [PDF File]. 143. ... GLUT-4) of mice selectively bred for high voluntary wheel running.. Journal of Experimental Biology 212:238-248. [PDF file] 178 ... in mice selectively bred for high wheel-running activity, but not by wheel running per sé.. Hormone and Metabolic Research 39: ...
more infohttps://biology.ucr.edu/people/faculty/Garland/GarlandPublications.html

MGI
 - Inbred Strains: C57BLMGI - Inbred Strains: C57BL

Neural sensitivity to pentylenetetrazol convulsions in inbred and selectively bred mice. Brain Res. 592, 122-128. \par. Kouri R ... Detection of mouse hepatitis virtus antibody by protein A-ELISA in 6 prevalent inbred strains or outbred stocks of mice. Lab. ... Taylor D. M. and Fraser H. (1973) Hydronephrosis in inbred strains of mice with particular reference to the BRVR strain. Lab. ... Blake R. L. (1970) Regulation of liver tyrosine amino transferase activity in inbred strains and mutant mice. I. Strain ...
more infohttp://www.informatics.jax.org/inbred_strains/mouse/docs/C57BL.shtml

C57BL/6 Origin Harlan LaboratoriesC57BL/6 Origin Harlan Laboratories

Festing MFW Mouse strain differences in balsa wood gnawing. Unpublished data. Festing MFW (1997) Inbred Strains of mice. Mouse ... Kosobud AE, Cross SJ, Crabbe JC (1992) Neural sensitivity to pentylenetetrazol convulsions in inbred and selectively bred mice ... Atherosclerosis in inbred strains of mice. Anat. Res. 160, 440. Thompson JS (1969) Atheromata in an inbred strain of mice. J. ... Blake RL (1970) Regulation of liver tyrosine amino transferase activity in inbred strains and mutant mice. I. Strain variance ...
more infohttp://spotidoc.com/doc/20606/c57bl-6-origin-harlan-laboratories

Genetics and the Evolution of the Anesthetic Response : Anesthesia & AnalgesiaGenetics and the Evolution of the Anesthetic Response : Anesthesia & Analgesia

Naturally occurring variability in anesthetic potency among inbred mouse strains. Anesth Analg 2000;91:720-6. * Cited Here... ... Effect of pentobarbital and gaseous anesthetics on rats selectively bred for ethanol sensitivity. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 1994; ... Mammals such as mice or rats possess one unique advantage: they are more similar to humans than are simpler model organisms. ... However, in recombinant inbred strains, the variation in response can be quite large,11,12 which implies that coordinate ...
more infohttps://journals.lww.com/anesthesia-analgesia/pages/articleviewer.aspx?year=2008&issue=09000&article=00022&type=Fulltext

Discriminative Stimulus Properties of Nicotine : Approaches to Evaluating Potential Nicotinic Receptor Agonists and Antagonists...Discriminative Stimulus Properties of Nicotine : Approaches to Evaluating Potential Nicotinic Receptor Agonists and Antagonists...

Individual and strain differences in sensitivity to the discriminative stimulus effects of nicotine have been noted, suggesting ... Discrimination and self-administration of nicotine by inbred strains of mice. *Ian P. Stolerman, Cathy Naylor, Gregory I. Elmer ... Differential effects of nicotine in inbred and selectively bred rodents.. *David H. Overstreet ... Nicotine as a discriminative stimulus in the mouse. *SA Varvel, JR James, LD Karan, SE Bowen, JA Rosecrans ...
more infohttps://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Discriminative-Stimulus-Properties-of-Nicotine-%3A-to-Jenny-1./9617c5ad5ceb3657be041e6317be37e54e4df6ff

Pain modality- and sex-specific effects of COMT genetic functional variantsPain modality- and sex-specific effects of COMT genetic functional variants

There is a growing body of evidence that COMTs effects are sexually dimorphic [35]. In inbred strains of mice, female mice ... Estimation of genetic correlation: interpretation of experiments using selectively bred and inbred animals. Alcohol ClinExp Res ... Twelve standard "J" inbred mouse strains were tested using a battery of common behavioral assays of nociception. Detailed ... Genealogy of the 129 inbred strains: 129/SvJ is a contaminated inbred strain. Mamm Genome. 1997 Jun;8(6):390-393. [PubMed] ...
more infohttp://pubmedcentralcanada.ca/pmcc/articles/PMC3700530/?lang=en-ca

c-fos gene expression is increased in the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus of Sprague-Dawley rats With visceral pain...c-fos gene expression is increased in the paraventricular hypothalamic nucleus of Sprague-Dawley rats With visceral pain...

Genetic, ethanol and the Fos response: a comparison of the C57BL/6J and DBA/2J inbred mouse strains. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 21: ... a comparison between rat lines selectively bred for high and low alcohol preference. Brain Res 1026: 143-150.. *CrossRef , ... Prenatal alcohol exposure causes long-term serotonin neuron deficit in mice. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 28: 941-948.. *Wiley Online ... Next article in issue: Microstructure of trabecular bone in a mouse model for down syndrome Next article in issue: ...
more infohttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ar.20495/full
  • Heterozygous mice harbor an Lgr5-EGFP-IRES-creERT2 "knock-in" allele that both abolishes Lgr5 gene function and expresses EGFP and CreERT2 fusion protein. (jax.org)
  • In recent rodent studies, three independent laboratories have shown that in inbred mouse strains, a Comt allele, ComtB2i, defined by the presence of 3'-UTR B2 SINE element, affects Comt expression and multiple behaviors, including nociceptive behaviors [ 8 - 10 ]. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • A lentiviral vector-mediated delivery approach will be used to reduce (knockdown) GABA-A a2- subunit expression in several mouse brain structures believed important in the modulation of alcohol intake/preference (posterior ventral tegmental area or pVTA;nucleus accumbens shell or NACsh), impulsive choice (orbitofrontal cortex or OFC), and anxiety-like behavior (amygdala or AMY). (grantome.com)
  • The LXS panel has a genetic structure consistent with random segregation and subsequent fixation of alleles, the expected 3-4 × map expansion, a low level of nonsyntenic association among loci, and complete independence among all 77 strains. (deepdyve.com)
  • It usually has a good breeding performance, depending on substrain, and has been used as the genetic background for a large number of congenic strains covering both polymorphic and mutant loci. (jax.org)
  • were the first authors to find QTLs in mice, identifying three loci contributing to the genetic variance of emotionality. (scirp.org)
  • To characterize the genetic architecture of this new set of RI strains, we genotyped 330 MIT microsatellite markers distributed on all autosomes and the X Chromosome and assembled error-checked meiotic recombination maps that have an average F2-adjusted marker spacing of ∼4 cM. (deepdyve.com)
  • The onset of next-generation HTS enabled us to obtain full sequence coverage of a region of chromosome 1 in the D2 and B6 mouse strains. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our team has shown that the inbred rat strains Lewis (LEW) and Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHR) differ with respect to several emotionalityrelated behaviors, one of which (inner locomotion in the open 﫿eld) was strongly in﫿uenced by a QTL (Anxrr16) on rat chromosome 4. (scirp.org)
  • Although the genetic basis for physical activity and body weight continues to be characterized in mice ( 21 , 37 ) and humans ( 12 , 41 ), the importance of genetics in regulating the change in weight and adiposity in response to exercise is also becoming increasingly clear ( 4 , 25 , 30 , 31 ). (physiology.org)
  • Furthermore, COMT genetic variations contributed to pain behaviors in mice and pain ratings in humans in a sex-specific manner. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • B6 and D2 male mice were injected with 3α,5α-THP (0-10 mg/kg i.p.) 15 min before the timed tail vein infusion of pentylenetetrazol. (aspetjournals.org)
  • B6 and D2 male mice were injected with 3α,5α-THP (0-32 mg/kg) before testing for locomotor activation (total number of entries) and anxiolysis (percent open arm entries) on the elevated plus maze, muscle relaxation (impairment of forelimb grip strength), ataxia (impairment of Rotarod performance) and seizure susceptibility to pentylenetetrazol. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Among the inbred strains, latency, ED and brain PTZ concentration were found to be highly correlated, suggesting that pharmacokinetic factors do not significantly influence access of PTZ to sites of action in the central nervous system. (elsevier.com)
  • Apparently, pharmacokinetic factors in this strain result in a relatively rapid accumulation of drug in brain, making it appear to be more sensitive. (elsevier.com)
  • We are exploring the pharmacological characteristics of the neural circuitry underlying this drinking as well as the behavioral characteristics of these mice. (ohsu.edu)
  • We are using these mice as a model for testing novel drugs that could ameliorate drinking and we are exploring their use in informatics-driven genomics studies. (ohsu.edu)
  • Pharmacogenetic Manipulation of the Nucleus Accumbens Alters Binge-Like Alcohol Drinking in Mice. (ohsu.edu)
  • High Drinking in the Dark (HDID) mice are sensitive to the effects of some clinically relevant drugs to reduce binge-like drinking. (ohsu.edu)
  • The mice are housed under a modified light/dark cycle (lights on at 0200 hr) to allow for behavioral testing to be conducted during the dark phase of the cycle. (iniastress.org)
  • We recently found that eribulin suppresses glioma growth in vitro and in vivo and that eribulin is efficiently transferred into mouse brain tumors at a high concentration. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Fluoxetine reverses brain radiation and temozolomide-induced anxiety and spatial learning and memory defect in mice. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Johnson, Thomas 2004-01-01 00:00:00 The set of LXS recombinant inbred (RI) strains is a new and exceptionally large mapping panel that is suitable for the analysis of complex traits with comparatively high power. (deepdyve.com)
  • While public datasets currently annotate 4,527 SNPs between the two strains in this interval, thorough high-throughput sequencing identified a total of 11,824 SNPs in the interval, including 7,663 new SNPs. (biomedcentral.com)
  • With the advent of next-generation, high-throughput sequencing (HTS), we are now in a position to determine to what extent polymorphisms remain cryptic (either undiscovered or not previously annotated as a SNP in a specific strain comparison) in various mouse models and assess their impact on downstream analyses. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Weight loss is the result of both lean and fat mass loss, although variation in fat loss is the component mostly responsible for the high variation observed in weight loss among different strains ( 6 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • The hypothesis is that knockdown of a2 in each of these structures will reduce alcohol intake/preference in B6 and HAP2 mice. (grantome.com)
  • Mice receive, in sequence, for two days each: 10% ethanol/5% sucrose, 12% ethanol/5% sucrose, 15% ethanol/5% sucrose, 15% ethanol/2%, and 15% ethanol/1% sucrose. (iniastress.org)
  • When these mice mice are bred with mice containing a loxP -flanked sequence of interest, tamoxifen-inducible, Cre-mediated recombination will result in deletion of the floxed sequences in the Lgr5 -expressing cells of the offspring. (jax.org)
  • As such, when Lgr5-EGFP-IRES-creERT2 mice are bred with mice containing loxP -flanked sequence of interest, tamoxifen-inducible, Cre-mediated recombination will result in deletion of the floxed sequences in the Lgr5 -expressing cells of the offspring. (jax.org)
  • T-type calcium channel enhancer SAK3 produces anti-depressant-like effects by promoting adult hippocampal neurogenesis in olfactory bulbectomized mice. (bioportfolio.com)
  • As an example, we demonstrate that cryptic SNPs are prevalent, even between two of the most commonly used and well-annotated inbred mouse strains, B6 and DBA/2J (D2). (biomedcentral.com)
  • This is a long-lived strain with few tumours, some spontaneous congenital abnormalities. (spotidoc.com)
  • Major histocompatibility complex and sexual selection has been observed in male mice making mate choices of females with different MHCs and thus demonstrating sexual selection. (wikipedia.org)
  • 4 ) have challenged the universality of CR even in mice, which together with rats are by far the mammals more utilized in CR studies. (frontiersin.org)
  • To counteract the mixed estrogen agonist effects of tamoxifen injections, which can result in late fetal abortions in pregnant mice, progesterone may be coadministered. (jax.org)
  • Once stable baseline ethanol intake (g/kg) is established (≤ 15% variance in daily intake over a week), mice are separated into two groups (equated for baseline alcohol intake). (iniastress.org)
  • This range typically will enable observing a significant escalation of intake in CIE-exposed mice. (iniastress.org)
  • Subcutaneous and intracerebral glioma xenografts were generated in mice to assess the efficacy of the combined treatment. (bioportfolio.com)
  • After measurements at 8 wk of age, mice were given access to running wheels, during which food consumption was quantified and after which body weight and composition were assessed to evaluate exercise-induced changes. (physiology.org)
  • Female 58 mated with the same male gave rise to strain C58. (jax.org)
  • All mice are trained to voluntarily drink ethanol in a 2-bottle choice situation (15% v/v ethanol vs. water) using a home cage limited access (2 hr/day) paradigm. (iniastress.org)
  • Home cage limited access to ethanol is suspended while the mice receive their respective treatments in inhalation chambers. (iniastress.org)
  • Using a modified sucrose-fading technique (Samson, 1986), mice are given daily access to ethanol for 2 hr in the home cage, beginning at 0.5 hr prior to the start of the dark cycle (lights off at 1400 hr). (iniastress.org)
  • B6 mice were more sensitive than D2 animals to the anticonvulsant effect of 3α,5α-THP. (aspetjournals.org)
  • Higher concentrations, which increased rate of drug infusion, reduced latency but had little effect on ED. WSP1 mice were slightly more sensitive to PTZ than WSR1 mice, but WSP2 mice were equally or less sensitive than WSR2 mice. (elsevier.com)
  • The thrombopoietin mimetic romiplostim leads to the complete rescue of mice exposed to lethal ionizing radiation. (bioportfolio.com)