Focusing on certain aspects of current experience to the exclusion of others. It is the act of heeding or taking notice or concentrating.
The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.
The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.
Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.
Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
The process whereby auditory stimuli are selected, organized, and interpreted by the organism.
Tests for central hearing disorders based on the competing message technique (binaural separation).
Differential response to different stimuli.
Timed test in which the subject must read a list of words or identify colors presented with varying instructions and different degrees of distraction. (Campbell's Psychiatric Dictionary. 8th ed.)
The awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.
Mental process to visually perceive a critical number of facts (the pattern), such as characters, shapes, displays, or designs.
Electrical responses recorded from nerve, muscle, SENSORY RECEPTOR, or area of the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM following stimulation. They range from less than a microvolt to several microvolts. The evoked potential can be auditory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, AUDITORY), somatosensory (EVOKED POTENTIALS, SOMATOSENSORY), visual (EVOKED POTENTIALS, VISUAL), or motor (EVOKED POTENTIALS, MOTOR), or other modalities that have been reported.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-V)
The ability to respond to segments of the perceptual experience rather than to the whole.
Use of sound to elicit a response in the nervous system.
Recording of electric currents developed in the brain by means of electrodes applied to the scalp, to the surface of the brain, or placed within the substance of the brain.
The electric response evoked in the cerebral cortex by visual stimulation or stimulation of the visual pathways.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Area of the OCCIPITAL LOBE concerned with the processing of visual information relayed via VISUAL PATHWAYS.
Continuous sequential changes which occur in the physiological and psychological functions during the life-time of an individual.
Remembrance of information for a few seconds to hours.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Standardized objective tests designed to facilitate the evaluation of personality.
Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
The insertion of drugs into the rectum, usually for confused or incompetent patients, like children, infants, and the very old or comatose.
The detailed examination of observable activity or behavior associated with the execution or completion of a required function or unit of work.
The interference of one perceptual stimulus with another causing a decrease or lessening in perceptual effectiveness.
Conceptual functions or thinking in all its forms.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.
Mental processing of chromatic signals (COLOR VISION) from the eye by the VISUAL CORTEX where they are converted into symbolic representations. Color perception involves numerous neurons, and is influenced not only by the distribution of wavelengths from the viewed object, but also by its background color and brightness contrast at its boundary.
The electric response evoked in the CEREBRAL CORTEX by ACOUSTIC STIMULATION or stimulation of the AUDITORY PATHWAYS.
The science dealing with the correlation of the physical characteristics of a stimulus, e.g., frequency or intensity, with the response to the stimulus, in order to assess the psychologic factors involved in the relationship.
Awareness of oneself in relation to time, place and person.
Agents that improve the ability to carry out activities such as athletics, mental endurance, work, and resistance to stress. The substances can include PRESCRIPTION DRUGS; DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS; phytochemicals; and ILLICIT DRUGS.
The ability to acquire general or special types of knowledge or skill.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
The interference with or prevention of a behavioral or verbal response even though the stimulus for that response is present; in psychoanalysis the unconscious restraining of an instinctual process.
Temporary visual deficit or impaired visual processing occurring in a rapid serial visual presentation task. After a person identifies the first of two visual targets, the ability to detect the second target is impaired for the next few hundred milliseconds. This phenomenon is called attentional blink.
Upper central part of the cerebral hemisphere. It is located posterior to central sulcus, anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE, and superior to the TEMPORAL LOBES.
A perceptual phenomenon used by Gestalt psychologists to demonstrate that events in one part of the perceptual field may affect perception in another part.
Voluntary or reflex-controlled movements of the eye.
The region of the cerebral cortex that receives the auditory radiation from the MEDIAL GENICULATE BODY.
The real or apparent movement of objects through the visual field.
Disturbances in mental processes related to learning, thinking, reasoning, and judgment.
An order of insects comprising three suborders: Anisoptera, Zygoptera, and Anisozygoptera. They consist of dragonflies and damselflies.
The observable response of a man or animal to a situation.
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.
EEG phase synchronization of the cortical brain region (CEREBRAL CORTEX).
Learning that is manifested in the ability to respond differentially to various stimuli.
A change in electrical resistance of the skin, occurring in emotion and in certain other conditions.
Sensation of enjoyment or gratification.
Those affective states which can be experienced and have arousing and motivational properties.
The sensory discrimination of a pattern shape or outline.
A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.
The part of the cerebral hemisphere anterior to the central sulcus, and anterior and superior to the lateral sulcus.
The process in which light signals are transformed by the PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS into electrical signals which can then be transmitted to the brain.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
The anterior portion of the head that includes the skin, muscles, and structures of the forehead, eyes, nose, mouth, cheeks, and jaw.
Posterior portion of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES responsible for processing visual sensory information. It is located posterior to the parieto-occipital sulcus and extends to the preoccipital notch.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A meshlike structure composed of interconnecting nerve cells that are separated at the synaptic junction or joined to one another by cytoplasmic processes. In invertebrates, for example, the nerve net allows nerve impulses to spread over a wide area of the net because synapses can pass information in any direction.
An epithelial outgrowth of the cloaca in birds similar to the thymus in mammals. It atrophies within 6 months after birth and remains as a fibrous remnant in adult birds. It is composed of lymphoid tissue and prior to involution, is the site of B-lymphocyte maturation.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the neurological system, processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
A cholinesterase inhibitor that is rapidly absorbed through membranes. It can be applied topically to the conjunctiva. It also can cross the blood-brain barrier and is used when central nervous system effects are desired, as in the treatment of severe anticholinergic toxicity.
Communication through a system of conventional vocal symbols.
The rostral part of the frontal lobe, bounded by the inferior precentral fissure in humans, which receives projection fibers from the MEDIODORSAL NUCLEUS OF THE THALAMUS. The prefrontal cortex receives afferent fibers from numerous structures of the DIENCEPHALON; MESENCEPHALON; and LIMBIC SYSTEM as well as cortical afferents of visual, auditory, and somatic origin.
Neural tracts connecting one part of the nervous system with another.
A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, HALLUCINATIONS, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.
The visually perceived property of objects created by absorption or reflection of specific wavelengths of light.
An abrupt voluntary shift in ocular fixation from one point to another, as occurs in reading.
A personality disorder whose essential feature is a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. The individual must be at least age 18 and must have a history of some symptoms of CONDUCT DISORDER before age 15. (From DSM-IV, 1994)
The feeling-tone accompaniment of an idea or mental representation. It is the most direct psychic derivative of instinct and the psychic representative of the various bodily changes by means of which instincts manifest themselves.
The measurement of magnetic fields over the head generated by electric currents in the brain. As in any electrical conductor, electric fields in the brain are accompanied by orthogonal magnetic fields. The measurement of these fields provides information about the localization of brain activity which is complementary to that provided by ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY. Magnetoencephalography may be used alone or together with electroencephalography, for measurement of spontaneous or evoked activity, and for research or clinical purposes.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
The knowledge or perception that someone or something present has been previously encountered.
One of the convolutions on the medial surface of the CEREBRAL HEMISPHERES. It surrounds the rostral part of the brain and CORPUS CALLOSUM and forms part of the LIMBIC SYSTEM.
Study of mental processes and behavior of schizophrenics.
The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.
The principle that items experienced together enter into a connection, so that one tends to reinstate the other.
The process whereby an utterance is decoded into a representation in terms of linguistic units (sequences of phonetic segments which combine to form lexical and grammatical morphemes).
The gradual expansion in complexity and meaning of symbols and sounds as perceived and interpreted by the individual through a maturational and learning process. Stages in development include babbling, cooing, word imitation with cognition, and use of short sentences.
The basic cellular units of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the NERVOUS SYSTEM.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.
The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.
Lower lateral part of the cerebral hemisphere responsible for auditory, olfactory, and semantic processing. It is located inferior to the lateral fissure and anterior to the OCCIPITAL LOBE.
Cortical vigilance or readiness of tone, presumed to be in response to sensory stimulation via the reticular activating system.
NEURAL PATHWAYS and connections within the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, beginning at the hair cells of the ORGAN OF CORTI, continuing along the eighth cranial nerve, and terminating at the AUDITORY CORTEX.
A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.
Act of eliciting a response from a person or organism through physical contact.
Assessment of psychological variables by the application of mathematical procedures.
Feeling or emotion of dread, apprehension, and impending disaster but not disabling as with ANXIETY DISORDERS.
The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.
Standardized procedures utilizing rating scales or interview schedules carried out by health personnel for evaluating the degree of mental illness.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
A method of studying a drug or procedure in which both the subjects and investigators are kept unaware of who is actually getting which specific treatment.
Bleeding within the SKULL, including hemorrhages in the brain and the three membranes of MENINGES. The escape of blood often leads to the formation of HEMATOMA in the cranial epidural, subdural, and subarachnoid spaces.
The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.
A central nervous system stimulant used most commonly in the treatment of ATTENTION DEFICIT DISORDER in children and for NARCOLEPSY. Its mechanisms appear to be similar to those of DEXTROAMPHETAMINE. The d-isomer of this drug is referred to as DEXMETHYLPHENIDATE HYDROCHLORIDE.
The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Abrupt changes in the membrane potential that sweep along the CELL MEMBRANE of excitable cells in response to excitation stimuli.
Methods and procedures for recording EYE MOVEMENTS.
Psychophysical technique that permits the estimation of the bias of the observer as well as detectability of the signal (i.e., stimulus) in any sensory modality. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed.)
The act of "taking account" of an object or state of affairs. It does not imply assessment of, nor attention to the qualities or nature of the object.
The ability to detect sharp boundaries (stimuli) and to detect slight changes in luminance at regions without distinct contours. Psychophysical measurements of this visual function are used to evaluate visual acuity and to detect eye disease.
Observable changes of expression in the face in response to emotional stimuli.
Cognitive disorders characterized by an impaired ability to perceive the nature of objects or concepts through use of the sense organs. These include spatial neglect syndromes, where an individual does not attend to visual, auditory, or sensory stimuli presented from one side of the body.
A loosely defined group of drugs that tend to increase behavioral alertness, agitation, or excitation. They work by a variety of mechanisms, but usually not by direct excitation of neurons. The many drugs that have such actions as side effects to their main therapeutic use are not included here.
Dayan P, Kakade S, Montague PR (November 2000). "Learning and selective attention". Nature Neuroscience. 3 Suppl: 1218-23. doi: ... Role of attention in learning[edit]. Latent inhibition might happen because a subject stops focusing on a CS that is seen ... In one of these, proposed by Nicholas Mackintosh,[16] the speed of conditioning depends on the amount of attention devoted to ... In fact, changes in attention to the CS are at the heart of two prominent theories that try to cope with experimental results ...
Lavie, N. (2005). Distracted and Confused? Selective attention under load. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 9(2), 75-82. Koppen, C ... the person must process it through active attention. Consequently, when attention is directed towards vision, the attentive ... individuals focus their exogenous attention on. Visual stimuli were more effective at capturing attention than auditory stimuli ... That is to say, visual stimuli may in actual fact capture a person's attention more effectively than stimuli from other sensory ...
"Learning and selective attention". Nature Neuroscience. 3 Suppl: 1218-23. doi:10.1038/81504. PMID 11127841. S2CID 12144065. ... In fact, changes in attention to the CS are at the heart of two prominent theories that try to cope with experimental results ... In one of these, proposed by Nicholas Mackintosh, the speed of conditioning depends on the amount of attention devoted to the ... Mackintosh NJ (1975). "A theory of attention: Variations in the associability of stimuli with reinforcement". Psychological ...
Lavie, Nilli; Hirst, A; de Fockhert, J. W; Viding, E (2004). "Load theory of selective attention and cognitive control". ... Lavie, Nilli (Feb 2005). "Distracted and confused?: Selective attention under load". Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 9 (2): 75-82 ... Eriksen, Charles W; St James, J. D. (1986). "Visual attention within and around the field of focal attention: A zoom lens model ... "Perceptual load as a necessary condition for selective attention" (PDF). Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception ...
"The Deployment of Intersensory Selective Attention". Clinical Neuropharmacology. 30 (1): 25-38. doi:10.1097/01.WNF. ... 2011). "A Combination of Green Tea Extract andl-Theanine Improves Memory and Attention in Subjects with Mild Cognitive ... "L-Theanine and caffeine improve task switching but not intersensory attention or subjective alertness". Appetite. 54 (2): 406-9 ... "L-theanine and caffeine in combination affect human cognition as evidenced by oscillatory alpha-band activity and attention ...
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). *Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI). *Norepinephrine-dopamine ... Wikiquote has quotations related to: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. *Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder at ... Connors C (2000). "Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Historical Development and Overview". Journal of Attention ... Bjornstad G, Montgomery P (April 2005). Bjornstad GJ (ed.). "Family therapy for attention-deficit disorder or attention-deficit ...
The amplitude of the P2 is greater when the visual search is more efficient (selective attention), but this does not affect the ... Feb;248(1-2):48-59 Mehta, A. D., Ulbert, I. & Schroeder, C. E. (2000). Intermodal Selective Attention in Monkeys. II: ... Thus, the P2 may index mechanisms for selective attention, feature detection (including color, orientation, shape, etc.) and ... One theory is that the P2 indexes some form of selective attention which identifies meaningful stimuli through feature ...
However, recent studies suggest that perceptual learning occurs without selective attention. Studies of such task-irrelevant ... Y Jiang; MM Chun (2001). "Selective attention modulates implicit learning". The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology A ... Only those items which I notice shape my mind - without selective interest, experience is an utter chaos.". His view was ... Thus, as we adapt to tasks and environments, we pay increasingly more attention to the perceptual features that are relevant ...
Näätänen, R., Gaillard, A. W., & Mäntysalo, S. (1978). Early selective-attention effect on evoked potential reinterpreted. Acta ... Early selective-attention effect on evoked potential reinterpreted. (1978, Acta Psychologica, 42(4), 313-29) The role of ... Selective attention and evoked potentials. Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae: Dissertationes Humanum Litterarum B-151(1), ... he defended his doctoral dissertation about brain mechanisms of selective attention at the University of Helsinki in 1967. As ...
... is a psychological test commonly used to investigate selective attention and the lateralization of brain ... Nielson L. L.; Sarason I. G. (1981). "Emotion, personality, and selective attention". Journal of Personality and Social ... In the 1950s, Broadbent employed dichotic listening tests in his studies of attention, asking participants to focus attention ... In selective attention experiments, the participants may be asked to repeat aloud the content of the message they are listening ...
187-276 Bradley, M.M. (2008). "Natural selective attention: Orienting and emotion". Psychophysiology. 46 (1): 1-11. doi:10.1111 ... Information metabolism Browsing Perception Attention Interest (emotion) Sokolov, E.N, Neuronal models and the orienting reflex ... he or she will pay attention to it even before identifying it. This orienting reflex seems to be present early in development, ... can affect the intensity of the orienting response toward focusing attention on a subject. Studies showed that during exposure ...
Zentall TR (April 2005). "Selective and divided attention in animals". Behavioural Processes. 69 (1): 1-15. doi:10.1016/j. ... Attention is a limited resource and is not a none-or-all response: the more attention devoted to one aspect of the environment ... Kamil AC, Bond AB (2006). "Selective attention, priming, and foraging behavior.". In Wasserman EA, Zentall TR (eds.). ... Often the selective process is tuned before relevant information appears; such expectation makes for rapid selection of key ...
Selective attention Perceptual narrowing Gasaway, Rich. "Understanding Stress Part 6: Auditory Exclusion". Situational ... the sympathetic nervous system is activated enough that the brain reduces the amount of attention it pays to hearing in order ...
... this is known as selective attention. Alternatively, a consumer may be "in the market," yet not be aware of the brand or ... As attention cannot be divided, there is a limit to how much can be taken in and processed, which means that a strong marketing ... By giving their attention to the marketing communication, consumers will begin to process and comprehend the message. There are ... The explanation for this is that slight variations in execution create a slight mental perturbation which grabs attention, and ...
... in the selective attention domain. In 1977 Van Voorhis and Hillyard found modulations in the P1 due to attention using the ... Electrocortical substrates of visual selective attention. In D. Meyer & S. Kornblum (Eds. ), Attention and Performance XIV (pp ... Later research on the P1 started to look at the P1 effect with regards to selective attention. These paradigms vary with type ... Another variant of the basic paradigm of selective attention is the visuospatial cueing paradigm. In this paradigm stimuli are ...
Mall, Jonathan T.; Morey, Candice C.; Wolff, Michael J.; Lehnert, Franziska (9 January 2014). "Visual selective attention is ... Desimone R, Duncan J (1995). "Neural mechanisms of selective visual attention". Annual Review of Neuroscience. 18: 193-222. doi ... Yantis S, Jonides J (February 1990). "Abrupt visual onsets and selective attention: voluntary versus automatic allocation". ... Capture of attention by salient stimuli is assumed to be driven by "bottom-up" signals from subcortical structures and the ...
Janer KW, Pardo JV (1991). "Deficits in selective attention following bilateral anterior cingulotomy". Journal of Cognitive ... When this pain-related activation was accompanied by attention-demanding cognitive tasks (verbal fluency), the attention- ... "In Posner MI (ed.). Cognitive neuroscience of attention. New York: Guilford Press. pp. 219-31. ISBN 1-59385-048-4. .. ... It is also involved in certain higher-level functions, such as attention allocation,[1] reward anticipation, decision-making,[2 ...
Green, C. Shawn; Bavelier, Daphne (2003). "Action video game modifies visual selective attention". Nature. 423 (6939): 534-537 ... For example, Aarseth is critical of the widespread attention that narrativists have given to the heroine of the game Tomb ... and have turned to use influencers alongside traditional journalism as a means to build up attention to their game before ... involving challenges that switch attention between different locations, but not with games requiring concentration on single ...
Green, C. Shawn; Bavelier, Daphne (29 May 2003). "Action video game modifies visual selective attention". Nature. 423 (6939): ...
This phenomenon is often described in terms of "selective attention" or "selective hearing". It may also describe a similar ... Driver J (February 2001). "A selective review of selective attention research from the past century" (PDF). Br J Psychol. 92 ... Selective attention shows up across all ages. Starting with infancy, babies begin to turn their heads toward a sound that is ... Furthermore, reviews of selective attention indicate that infants favor "baby" talk over speech with an adult tone. This ...
Such as, inferring, selective attention, evaluation, etc. Several factors are activated in speech perception as phonetic ... To listen is to give attention to sound or action. When listening, one is hearing what others are saying, and trying to ...
Daphne Bavelier; Green, C. Shawn (May 2003). "Action video game modifies visual selective attention". Nature. 423 (6939): 534- ... A fair amount of attention was given to Van Der Vlis' playing of Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2 and to the alleged similarities ... The majority of the justices did not consider the studies brought to their attention as convincing evidence of harm, and stated ... The Gamergate controversy that started in 2013 drew media attention to the negative portions of the culture of the video game ...
Green, C Shawn; Bavelier, Daphne (2003). "Action video game modifies visual selective attention". Nature. 423 (6939): 534-537. ... Expert at the meeting on 'Interactive Media, Attention and Well-being' hosted by the White House Office of Science and ... In particular, action video games were shown to enhance attention. Since then, Bavelier has been interested in understanding ... Provost, Antoine; Bourdon, Valentin; Bavelier, Daphne; Pichon, Swann (2018). "Serious Game for Attention Bias Modification". ...
... selective attention in peahens during courtship". Journal of Experimental Biology. 216: 3035-3046. doi:10.1242/jeb.087338. PMC ... A white peafowl that is maintained by selective breeding in many parks such as this one at the Jardin des Plantes, Paris. This ... These very rarely occur in the wild, but selective breeding has made them common in captivity. The black-shouldered or Japanned ... The rattling of the tail and the shaking of the wings helped in keeping the attention of females.[44] ...
Most studies indicate that selective attention can change firing rates in V4 by about 20%. A seminal paper by Moran and ... Moran, J; Desimone, R (1985). "Selective Attention Gates Visual Processing in the Extrastriate Cortex". Science. 229 (4715): ... DeAngelis G, Newsome W (1999). "Organization of disparity-selective neurons in macaque area MT". Journal of Neuroscience. 19 (4 ... It contains many neurons selective for the motion of complex visual features (line ends, corners). Microstimulation of a neuron ...
hdl:11858/00-001M-0000-002A-F750-3. Treisman, Anne (1964). "Verbal cues, language and meaning in selective attention". The ... Treisman completed her thesis, "Selective Attention and Speech Perception" in 1962. Around the time Treisman was working toward ... Focused attention stage The second stage of processing depends on attention. In this stage, the features are combined, ... "central to the development of selective attention as a scientific field of study". Treisman and Kahneman accepted positions at ...
Various forms of the task are used to measure information processing and selective attention. In an Eriksen Flanker Task there ... This indicates the nature of cognitive dysfunction for the latter may involve broadening of selective attention. Studies ... Kopp, B.; Mattler, U. & Rist, F. (1994). "Selective attention and response competition in schizophrenic patients". Psychiatry ... "Contextual effects on choice reaction time and accuracy in acute and chronic schizophrenics.Impairment in selective attention ...
"A hierarchical neural network model for selective attention." In Eckmiller, R. & Von der Malsburg, C. eds. Neural computers, ... types of neocognitron can detect multiple patterns in the same input by using backward signals to achieve selective attention. ...
We model this role of social learning in guiding selective attention and market dynamics. We confirm that attention focuses on ... Social Learning and Selective Attention. Andrew Caplin, John Leahy, Filip Matějka. NBER Working Paper No. 21001. Issued in ... The attention garnered by popular options propels further interest in them. Yet rather than blindly follow the crowd, most pay ... When attention costs are based on Shannon entropy, optimal policies are computable. With rich data, optimal choices can be ...
Experiments 1a and 1b showed object switch costs with a task that requires selective access to items in working memory, but did ... Experiment 2 showed object switch costs with a task that required no selective access to working memory contents, but involved ... Key words: working memory, attention, switching, mental model, anaphor resolution, spatial distance effect One function of ... which was interpreted as evidence for a focus of attention within working memory. ...
While no one disputes the importance of selective mech-anisms in mental processing, the locus of selection in the sequence of ... it is concluded that physical separation is not a sufficient condition for selective perception; overloading perception is also ... The early and late selection debate may be resolved if perceptual load of relevant information determines the selective ... perceptual load selective attention necessary condition selective mech-anisms response competition paradigm relevant processing ...
Selective auditory attention or selective hearing is a type of selective attention and involves the auditory system. Selective ... Therefore, selective hearing should not be confused as a physiological hearing disorder.[17] Selective auditory attention is a ... This clearly shows the selectivity of auditory attention in humans. The development of selective attention has also been ... Dittrich K, Stahl C (June 2012). "Selective impairment of auditory selective attention under concurrent cognitive load". ...
Selective Attention. Attention to Angry Faces May Predict Future Depression. Using eye-tracking technology, researchers have ... many of us have an uneasy sense that they are destroying our attention spans. We skitter from app to app, seldom alighting for ...
Electrophysiological correlates of visual consciousness and selective attention.. Koivisto M1, Revonsuo A. ... It is not clear whether attention is necessary or not for consciousness. We studied the relationship between attention and ... Only the correlates of later, higher-level conscious processes strongly depended on attention. Thus, the electrophysiological ... Conversely, the electrophysiological correlate of attention, selection negativity, was elicited regardless of the presence or ...
... successfully replaced the early versus late selection debate by appealing to adaptive control over the efficiency of selective ... attention. Early selection is observed unless perceptual load (p-Load) is sufficiently low to grant attentional spill-over to ... successfully replaced the early versus late selection debate by appealing to adaptive control over the efficiency of selective ... attention. Early selection is observed unless perceptual load (p-Load) is sufficiently low to grant attentional spill-over to ...
Computational models of ... - Selection from Selective Visual Attention: Computational Models and Applications [Book] ... research on visual selective attention has received a great deal of interest from both biologists and engineers. ... Selective Visual Attention: Computational Models and Applications by Weisi Lin, Liming Zhang. ... During the past decades, research on visual selective attention has received a great deal of interest from both biologists and ...
Selective auditory attention or selective hearing is a type of selective attention and involves the auditory system. Selective ... Selective auditory attention differs from selective perception, in that the filtering in the later case is mediated by ... Therefore, selective hearing should not be confused as a physiological hearing disorder. Selective auditory attention is a ... This clearly shows the selectivity of auditory attention in humans. The development of selective attention has also been ...
... in the face of mounting evidence on the ills of meat production and consumption by considering the role of selective attention ... 2020 Selective attention and the importance of types for information campaigns. Selective attention and the importance of types ... in the face of mounting evidence on the ills of meat production and consumption by considering the role of selective attention ... in the face of mounting evidence on the ills of meat production and consumpion by considering the role of selective attention ...
These areas are involved in executive functions, including memory and attention, especially visual selective attention, and ... with selective attention being the most vulnerable and resistant component of attention. Patients with AD showed deficits in ... where a study of visual selective attention in AD was conducted by varying the physical characteristics of a selective ... or their ability to selectively allocate attention to specific stimuli. Visual selective attention is typically impaired in ...
Selective attention requires that stimuli are filtered so that attention is directed. Broadbents model suggests that the ... McLeod, S. A. (2008). Selective attention. Retrieved from www.simplypsychology.org/attention-models.html ... model of how selective attention operates. Broadbent concluded that we can pay attention to only one channel at a time - so his ... Selective attention in man. British Medical Bulletin, 20, 12-16. Von Wright, J. M., Anderson, K., & Stenman, U. (1975). ...
3. A Saliency Computing Model of Selective Attention. The general procedure of saliency computing model for selective attention ... There are two main goals for developing the selective attention model. At first, selective attention model can be used to cope ... Selective visual attention is capable of finding attention timely on salient objects or users in the domestic environment. This ... We proposed a computing model of selective attention which is biologically inspired by visual attention mechanism, which aims ...
Selective Visual Attention for Object Detection on a Legged Robot. Daniel Stronger and Peter Stone. Selective Visual Attention ... This paper presents a novel method for a legged robot equipped with a camera to use selective visual attention to efficiently ... This paper presents a novel method for a legged robot equipped with a camera to use selective visual attention to efficiently ... incollection(LNAI2006-dan, author="Daniel Stronger and Peter Stone", title="Selective Visual Attention for Object Detection on ...
Modulation of Oscillatory Neuronal Synchronization by Selective Visual Attention. By Pascal Fries, John H. Reynolds, Alan E. ... Modulation of Oscillatory Neuronal Synchronization by Selective Visual Attention. By Pascal Fries, John H. Reynolds, Alan E. ... Modulation of Oscillatory Neuronal Synchronization by Selective Visual Attention Message Subject. (Your Name) has forwarded a ... In crowded visual scenes, attention is needed to select relevant stimuli. To study the underlying mechanisms, we recorded ...
2005) Larger deficits in brain networks for response inhibition than for visual selective attention in attention deficit ... Medial Prefrontal Theta Bursts Precede Rapid Motor Responses during Visual Selective Attention. Arnaud Delorme, Marissa ... 2003) Neural development of selective attention and response inhibition. NeuroImage 20:737-751. ... Medial Prefrontal Theta Bursts Precede Rapid Motor Responses during Visual Selective Attention ...
Selective attention in peacocks during assessment of rival males Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from ... Selective attention in peacocks during assessment of rival males. Jessica L. Yorzinski, Gail L. Patricelli, Siarhei Bykau, ... Selective attention in peacocks during assessment of rival males. Jessica L. Yorzinski, Gail L. Patricelli, Siarhei Bykau, ... Selective attention in peacocks during assessment of rival males. Jessica L. Yorzinski, Gail L. Patricelli, Siarhei Bykau, ...
Through their eyes: selective attention in peahens during courtship Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message from ... Through their eyes: selective attention in peahens during courtship. Jessica L. Yorzinski, Gail L. Patricelli, Jason S. Babcock ... Through their eyes: selective attention in peahens during courtship. Jessica L. Yorzinski, Gail L. Patricelli, Jason S. Babcock ... Through their eyes: selective attention in peahens during courtship. Jessica L. Yorzinski, Gail L. Patricelli, Jason S. Babcock ...
Selective attention, as a filter to help prioritize information according to its... ... Selective attention refers to the ability to pay attention to a limited array of all available sensory information. ... Selective attention refers to the ability to pay attention to a limited array of all available sensory information. Selective ... If attention is too selective, however, it is maladaptive. Excessively selective attention has become known as "stimulus ...
Selective attention to speech versus nonspeech signals in complex auditory input could produce top-down modulation of cortical ... Selective attention to speech, relative to attention to melody, was associated with blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) ... Electrical signs of selective attention in the human brainScienceYear: 19731821771804730062. Kawashima R,OSullivan BT,Roland ... Selective attention to speech showed an impact on event-related potentials during the perception of both the first and second ...
... selective attention, or executive functioning? - Volume 14 Issue 5 - J.A.B. MACNIVEN, C. DAVIS, M.-Y. HO, C.M. BRADSHAW, E. ... selective attention, or executive functioning?. * J.A.B. MACNIVEN (a1), C. DAVIS (a2), M.-Y. HO (a2), C.M. BRADSHAW (a2), E. ... Information processing speed and attention in multiple sclerosis: Reconsidering the Attention Network Test (ANT). Journal of ... Stroop performance in multiple sclerosis: Information processing, selective attention, or executive functioning? ...
Recent investigations that suggest selective attention (SA) is dependent on top-down control mechanisms lead to the expectation ... The influence of executive capacity on selective attention and subsequent processing. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6:167. ... an index of the orienting of attention). EC predicted speed of processing at both early and late attentional stages. ...
Selective Attention from Voluntary Control of Neurons in Prefrontal Cortex Message Subject. (Your Name) has forwarded a page to ... Furthermore, selective attention correlated with voluntary, but not spontaneous, fluctuations in FEF activity. Our results ... Our results demonstrate that voluntary control of FEF neuronal activity is associated with spatially selective visual attention ... However, operantly driven FEF activity was primarily associated with selective visual attention, and not oculomotor preparation ...
However, the delays in carrying out selective attention operations did not account for subsequent delays in decision making, or ... However, the delays in carrying out selective attention operations did not account for subsequent delays in decision making, or ... Subjects performed an experimental task requiring selective attention to a specified color. In contrast to expectation, ... Subjects performed an experimental task requiring selective attention to a specified color. In contrast to expectation, ...
... neural coorelates of auditory selective attention (development)? (Rick ). Subject: Re: neural coorelates of auditory selective ... auditory selective attention using neuroimaging methods (EEG/MEG/fMRI). , , I can find several studies for the visual domain ... Modulation of Early Sensory Processing in Human Auditory Cortex During Auditory Selective Attention. PNAS, 90, 8722-8726. Y. S ... attention (development)? From: Rick ,[email protected], Date: Sun, 26 Oct 2008 14:03:59 -0500 List-Archive:
Normal Hearing Ability but Impaired Auditory Selective Attention Associated with Prediction of Response to Donepezil in ... T. Nakai, C. Kato, and K. Matsuo, "An fMRI study to investigate auditory attention: a model of the cocktail party phenomenon," ... F. Cerbai, M. G. Giovannini, C. Melani, A. Enz, and G. Pepeu, "N1phenethyl-norcymserine, a selective butyrylcholinesterase ... "Greater responsiveness to donepezil in alzheimer patients with higher levels of acetylcholinesterase based on attention task ...
... and this was accompanied by a trend towards selective attention becoming fast and sloppy. The nighttime increase in ... from a day shift to night shift.Methodology/Principal FindingsTo test this hypothesis we measured selective attention (with ... Examination of the nighttime vulnerabilities underlying the deployment of attention can be informative for the design of ... Conclusions/SignificanceThese nocturnal deficits in attention and alertness offer some insight into why occupational errors, ...
Prior evidence suggests that changes in attention skills, such as those evaluated by the RSAT, may disti … ... The Ruff 2&7 Selective Attention Tests (RSAT) current scoring data are relatively limited for older adults because persons ... Age-expanded normative data for the Ruff 2&7 Selective Attention Test: evaluating cognition in older males Clin Neuropsychol. ... The Ruff 2&7 Selective Attention Tests (RSAT) current scoring data are relatively limited for older adults because persons ...
Role of subvocal motor activity in dichotic speech perception and selective attention. J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform. 1981 ... Role of subvocal motor activity in dichotic speech perception and selective attention. ... Role of subvocal motor activity in dichotic speech perception and selective attention. ...
Deficit in selective and divided attention associated with cholinergic basal forebrain immunotoxic lesion produced by 192- ...
  • [2] In an article by Krans, Isbell, Giuliano, and Neville (2013), selective auditory attention is defined as the ability to acknowledge some stimuli while ignoring other stimuli that is occurring at the same time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Deutsch & Deutsch's model for selective auditory attention suggests that weak response to unattended stimuli comes from an internal decision on informational relevance, where more important stimuli are prioritized to enter the working memory first. (wikipedia.org)
  • The effects of selective attention have previously been explained by a simple gain model suggesting that the amplitude of signals measured in the human auditory cortex is increased to the same extent regardless of the type of auditory stimuli. (innovations-report.com)
  • Broadbent >wanted to see how people were able to focus their attention (selectively attend), and to do this he deliberately overloaded them with stimuli - they had too many signals, too much information to process at the same time. (simplypsychology.org)
  • In crowded visual scenes, attention is needed to select relevant stimuli. (sciencemag.org)
  • Comparisons were made using the identical physical stimuli under different conditions of attention to isolate purely attentional effects. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Processing of identical bidimensional stimuli was compared as a function of the dimension of attention (color, motion). (ox.ac.uk)
  • The results demonstrated that stimuli receive differential processing within specialized regions of the extrastriate cortex as a function of attention. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Recent findings raise our overarching hypothesis that attention enhances the sensory representation of attended stimuli at the expense of ignored ones both by modulating local excitability within, and the dynamic routing of information across distinct functional areas in the brain. (grantome.com)
  • Anxiety and the processing of emotionally threatening stimuli: distinctive patterns of selective attention among high- and low-anxious children. (openaire.eu)
  • It was hypothesized that meat stimuli are efficient attention catchers in vegetarians. (naver.com)
  • These findings demonstrate the attention capture of food stimuli, deriving affective salience from ideational reasoning and symbolic meaning. (naver.com)
  • May I have your attention, please: Electrocortical responses to positive and negative stimuli Smith N.Kyle et al. (naver.com)
  • Selective attention enables an individual to react to certain stimuli from among those occurring simultaneously. (biologyonline.com)
  • In this chapter we review psychological and physiological experiments on selective attention to touch stimuli. (ox.ac.uk)
  • In the fifth experiment, we examine individual differences in the power metrics associated with attention to visual stimuli in relation to individual differences in their corresponding behavior coded by observers. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • However, there were substantial differences between groups in markers of subsequent processing, including the anterior N2 (a measure of attentional control) and the P3a (an index of the orienting of attention). (harvard.edu)
  • The convergence of findings from the neuropsychological research and the computational modeling sheds light on the role of attention in normal visuospatial processing, supporting a hybrid view of attentional selection that has properties of both early and late selection. (mit.edu)
  • Accordingly, the aim of the study was to identify whether the HIV-infected patients showed a specific attention network deficit or a general attentional impairment. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • Attention is a complex mental ability involving multiple subcomponent processes ( 10 , 11 ), and because attention is a fundamental cognitive process that is integral to many neuropsychological tests, it is difficult to study attentional dysfunction in isolation. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • In this paper Maria Perrotta Berlin, Assistant Professor at SITE, and her co-author try to contribute to the understanding of the persistence and increase of meat eating in the face of mounting evidence on the ills of meat production and consumption by considering the role of selective attention and learning. (hhs.se)
  • In this paper we try to contribute to the understanding of the persistence and increase of meat eating in the face of mounting evidence on the ills of meat production and consumpion by considering the role of selective attention and learning. (hhs.se)
  • The role of selective attention in matching observed and executed actions. (ox.ac.uk)
  • We explore the role of selective attention in tactile target detection and search, determining those tasks that benefit from attention and those which can be effectively performed pre-attentively. (ox.ac.uk)
  • A selective attention guided initiatively semantic cognition algorithm in intelligent space is proposed in this paper. (ijac.net)
  • A Selective Attention Guided Initiative Semantic Cognition Algorithm for Service Robot[J]. International Journal of Automation and Computing , vol. 15, no. 5, pp. 559-569, 2018. (ijac.net)
  • In order to sustain our attention to one event in everyday life, we must filter out other events,' explains author Russell Revlin in his text, 'Cognition: Theory and Practice. (verywellmind.com)
  • She researches visual cognition, attention, perception, and awareness, and the shaping of these processes by experience, and aims to adopt a translational approach. (gold.ac.uk)
  • Karina's research focuses on visual cognition, attention, perception, and awareness, and the shaping of these fundamental processes by experience. (gold.ac.uk)
  • Selective auditory attention differs from selective perception, in that the filtering in the later case is mediated by cognitive dissonance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Visual attention mechanism is an important part of human perception, which enables humans to select the visual focus on the most potential interesting information. (hindawi.com)
  • Attention to emotional tone of voice in speech perception in children with autism. (springer.com)
  • Selective attention to speech versus nonspeech signals in complex auditory input could produce top-down modulation of cortical regions previously linked to perception of spoken, and even visual, words. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Results indicate that selective attention to speech can topographically tune extrastriate cortex, leading to increased activity in VWFA relative to surrounding regions, in line with the well-established connectivity between areas related to spoken and visual word perception in skilled readers. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Speech perception often occurs in a densely cluttered, rapidly changing acoustic environment, where multiple sounds vie for attention. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Role of subvocal motor activity in dichotic speech perception and selective attention. (harvard.edu)
  • Given this growing interest in the working of limited attention, selective perception and bounded rationality in decision making, the Economics Department, the Department of Psychology and the Center for Economic Behavior and Inequality (CEBI) at the University of Copenhagen will organize an interdisciplinary workshop bringing together leading economists and cognitive psychologists working in this field. (ku.dk)
  • Attention acts somewhat like a spotlight, highlighting the details that we need to focus on and casting irrelevant information to the sidelines of our perception. (verywellmind.com)
  • Before we dive into the effects of selective attention on perception, information integration and our ability to process information precisely, we need to define what we mean by selective attention and why to study attention in the first place. (lecturio.com)
  • Neuroimaging studies of selective attention in visual or auditory tasks showed with clear evidence that when we selectively attend to something, the sensory cortex responsible for that modality of perception, say the occipital cortex in a visual task , shows increased activity or at least modulated activity compared to when we are not attending. (lecturio.com)
  • One of the easiest ways to study divided attention by neuroscientists is to study our ability to integrate information from two different modalities , say visual and auditory perception tasks. (lecturio.com)
  • Selective attention can shape the processing and performance of speech perception tasks. (eneuro.org)
  • Event-related brain potential recordings served to index selective attention processes at the level of initial stimulus perception. (naver.com)
  • This practical tool assists the therapist in the rehabilitation of cognitive disorders that affect specific aspects of attention, concentration, memory, perception, activities of daily living and much more. (hasomed.de)
  • This is due to age-related deficits in selective attention and working memory, particularly with regard to a reduced ability to inhibit distracting sensory information. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clinical research has found connections between rumination, depression, and deficits in selective attention, especially for negative emotional material. (gatech.edu)
  • To address this question, we examined the consequences of voluntary control of neurons in the frontal eye field (FEF), a visuomotor area within the prefrontal cortex with a known role in the programming of saccadic eye movements ( 9 ) and visual spatial attention ( 10 ), in rhesus monkeys ( Fig. 1A ). (sciencemag.org)
  • We have reconsidered the patient data within the framework of an existing connectionist model of word recognition and spatial attention. (mit.edu)
  • Evidence regarding the ability of attention to bias neural processing at the level of single features has been gathering steadily, but most of the experiments to date used arrays with multiple objects and locations, making it difficult to rule out indirect influences from object or spatial attention. (ox.ac.uk)
  • discrimination task in the periphery, we investigated three aspects of spatial attention: orienting of attention, divided attention, and selective attention. (psu.edu)
  • Color-selective attention need not be mediated by spatial attention. (bsl.nl)
  • Consistent with "overselective" attention, offenders with psychopathy displayed reduced Stroop interference on the separated CW and PW tasks relative to offenders who were not psychopathic. (nih.gov)
  • The current study used a latent variables framework to analyze how emotional and non-emotional selective attention tasks relate to depressive symptoms, as measured by the CESD-R, and to both general rumination and rumination as a coping mechanism for depression. (gatech.edu)
  • Additionally, only non-emotional Stroop and the emotional and non-emotional Flanker tasks had acceptably high reliability, while the rest of the included selective attention tasks were quite unreliable. (gatech.edu)
  • Depending on the sensory modalities involved, the difficulty of the task in hand, and the similarity between the two tasks, our ability to divide our attention can be different. (lecturio.com)
  • Divided attention is therefore easier when the sensory modalities involved are different in the two tasks. (lecturio.com)
  • On the basis of these results, it can be surmised that many complex attention tasks relevant to everyday life are impaired during moderate hypoglycemia. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Adaptive, goal-directed behavior requires a cognitive system that supports sustained attention during prolonged tasks. (arvojournals.org)
  • Failures of sustained attention in these tasks can occur and can have very serious consequences in the real world. (arvojournals.org)
  • 2 Repetitive tasks that required prolonged selective attention could wind up to diminished quality in performance. (biologyonline.com)
  • Nevertheless, these studies open up to possibilities how diversions and distractions can be put to use to uphold selective attention to tasks that need to be done over prolonged periods of time. (biologyonline.com)
  • The early and late selection debate may be resolved if perceptual load of relevant information determines the selective processing of irrelevant information. (psu.edu)
  • Perceptual load theory successfully replaced the early vs. late selection debate by appealing to adaptive control over the efficiency of selective attention. (frontiersin.org)
  • Load theory proposes that selective attention acts early, but is more efficient under high perceptual load ( p -Load) than low p -Load (see Benoni and Tsal, 2013 for a concise review of load theory). (frontiersin.org)
  • It requires many underlying cognitive processes, including detection of important sensory/perceptual information, the ability to inhibit information that is irrelevant to the task, and the ability to shift attention from one feature or location to another. (wikipedia.org)
  • This will allow for a direct mechanistic interpretation of auditory perceptual and attention related deficits, which are hallmark symptoms of many debilitating neuropsychiatric disorders. (grantome.com)
  • This constitutes an important step towards developing a dynamic model of perceptual/cognitive impairments that are frequently occurring among the symptoms of many neuropsychiatric disorders, most notably schizophrenia, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism. (grantome.com)
  • A virtual reality (VR)-based test battery wherein various neurobehavioral performance skills, including motor skills, sensory-perceptual skills, attention, and decision-making can be measured in human subjects. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Mihalas S, Dong Y, von der Heydt R, Niebur E. "Mechanisms of perceptual organization provide auto-zoom and auto-localization for attention to objects. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • A sample of new research exploring cognitive factors in intergroup biases, object-based attention on social units, height and dominant behavior, and sameness as a natural concept. (psychologicalscience.org)
  • The outcome of this judicious behavior is a cognitive process known as selective attention. (frontiersin.org)
  • Against the background of this empirical evidence and a long and rich tradition in psychological research, economists have started to argue that selective and biased attention can actually explain a range of empirical puzzles such as risk-seeking behavior, the Allais paradox, the endowment effect, several puzzles in finance, and decoy effects in consumer choice. (ku.dk)
  • Mice lacking the putative schizophrenia risk gene GRIA1 (Gria1-/-), which encodes GLUA1, show strongly impaired spatial working memory and elevated selective attention owing to a deficit in stimulus-specific short-term habituation. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Therefore, sustained elevation of hippocampal-prefrontal theta coherence may underlie a failure in regulating novelty-related selective attention leading to aberrant salience, and thereby represents a mechanistic link between GRIA1 and schizophrenia. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Dichotic shadowing and selective attention to word meanings in schizophrenia. (ndsl.kr)
  • The robust correlations between these measures of selective attention and Speaking Span performance has implications for understanding the nature and selectivity of cognitive dysfunction in schizophrenia. (elsevier.com)
  • Barch, DM & Carter, CS 1998, ' Selective attention in schizophrenia: Relationship to verbal working memory ', Schizophrenia Research , vol. 33, no. 1-2, pp. 53-61. (elsevier.com)
  • In carriers of the Cys allele, which is associated with the risk of developing schizophrenia, LP was longer than in subjects with other genotypes, which is evidence for slowing of mental processes associated with activation of attention resources in these subjects. (elsevier.com)
  • Thus, the results obtained here support data obtained previously for other populations showing that the Cys allele is associated with schizophrenia, and we also observed an association between this allele and degradation of selective attention in patients. (elsevier.com)
  • His research examines neuronal function at the system level focusing particularly on a function known as selective attention, which is the capability of humans and higher animals to scan sensory input for the most important information and to discard other non-essential information. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Thus, the electrophysiological brain responses reflecting visual consciousness and attention are initially independent of each other. (nih.gov)
  • In contrast, location-selective responses in theta, alpha and the SSVEP were unchanged over the block. (arvojournals.org)
  • These data suggest that performance declines during a demanding sustained attention task co-occur with attenuated feature-selective responses in human visual cortex. (arvojournals.org)
  • Attention selectively enhances the influence of neuronal responses conveying information about relevant sensory attributes. (blogspot.com)
  • attention selectively synchronizes the rhythmic responses of those neurons that are tuned to the spatial and featural attributes of the attended sensory input. (blogspot.com)
  • Selective attention among offenders with psychopathy was investigated using 3 Stroop paradigms: a standard color-word (CW) Stroop, a picture-word (PW) Stroop, and a color-word Stroop in which the word and color were spatially separated (separated CW). (nih.gov)
  • Convergence between lesion-symptom mapping and functional magnetic resonance imaging of spatially selective attention in the intact brain. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The parietal regions implicated in spatially selective attention differ between patient lesion studies and functional imaging of the intact brain. (ox.ac.uk)
  • To investigate the neural markers of the performance decline, the blocks were split in half and then an inverted encoding modeling technique was used to estimate orientation- and location-selective tuning functions from the spatially distributed neural activity measured across the scalp (Garcia et al. (arvojournals.org)
  • We then presented participants with the same goal-directed actions while directing their attention to an imperative stimulus that spatially overlapped, but was distinct from, the observed actions (Experiment 2). (ox.ac.uk)
  • Crucially, automatic imitation no longer occurred when participants directed their attention away from the displayed actions and towards the spatially overlapping stimulus. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Regarding differences among selective attention to music elements, participants rated rhythm (M = 5.15) significantly higher (p (uncg.edu)
  • 6. Watts SE, Weems CF. Associations among selective attention, memory bias, cognitive errors and symptoms of anxiety in youth. (openaire.eu)
  • A proper understanding of the biological aspects of visual attention requires knowledge in a variety of fields including the structure of the biological visual system in anatomy, the important relevant conclusions in psychology and physiology, signal and information theory and artificial neural networks. (oreilly.com)
  • The physiology and psychology of selective attention to touch. (ox.ac.uk)
  • In this episode of Attention Talk Radio, co-hosts Jeff Copper and Kirsten Milliken interview Dr. Stephen Hinshaw, Professor of Psychology at UC Berkeley, who has studied this topic extensively for decades on a personal and academic level. (constantcontact.com)
  • Broadbent designed an experiment (dichotic listening) to investigate the processes involved in switching attention which are presumed to be going on internal in our heads. (simplypsychology.org)
  • Auditory selective attention to speech modulates activity in the visual word form area. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Selective impairments of alerting and executive control in HIV-infected patients: evidence from attention network test. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • Our findings suggest that HIV-infected patients exhibited selective impairments of attention network of alerting and executive control. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • RHD can also cause impairments in other cognitive domains-including attention, memory, and executive functioning-that can interfere with communication abilities. (asha.org)
  • Selective attention to a task-relevant stimulus facilitates encoding of that stimulus into a working memory representation. (nih.gov)
  • It is less clear whether selective attention also improves the precision of a stimulus already represented in memory. (nih.gov)
  • Excessively selective attention has become known as "stimulus overselectivity," which is prevalent in autism. (springer.com)
  • Under attention, the synchrony was reduced after stimulus onset, but increased towards the end of the delay period. (arvojournals.org)
  • The attention effect co-localized with word-related potentials in the posterior fusiform gyrus, and was independent of stimulus colour. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Theories of selective attention tend to focus on when stimulus information is attended to, either early in the process or late. (verywellmind.com)
  • According to our hypothesis, attention modulates ongoing oscillatory activity to match its properties (frequency and phase) to the global acoustic features of the attended stimulus stream (temporal structure and pitch respectively), thereby creating an internal model of that stream in the form of subthreshold neuronal oscillations. (grantome.com)
  • Our first specific aim is to determine the set of rules that define the way ambient subthreshold activity in primary auditory cortex is modulated by attention and by the physical properties of auditory stimulus streams. (grantome.com)
  • The caudate tail has not been implicated in the control of goal-directed or stimulus-driven attention, but is well suited to mediate the value-driven control of attention. (nih.gov)
  • Stroop performance in multiple sclerosis: Information processing, selective attention, or executive functioning? (cambridge.org)
  • Selective attention theory can be used to explain the stroop effect. (scribd.com)
  • Sexual selection may favor attention mechanisms allowing the choosing females to selectively and efficiently acquire relevant information from complex male display traits and, in turn, may favor male display traits that effectively capture and hold female attention. (biologists.org)
  • Recent investigations that suggest selective attention (SA) is dependent on top-down control mechanisms lead to the expectation that individuals with high executive capacity (EC) would exhibit more robust neural indices of SA. (harvard.edu)
  • Visual selective attention operates through top-down mechanisms of signal enhancement and suppression, mediated by α-band oscillations. (uzh.ch)
  • Our results show distinct mechanisms for binding and attention which interact because binding provides the structure for object-based attention. (arvojournals.org)
  • While studies in macaque monkeys have identified many of the mechanisms underlying attention effects on visual processing, very few studies have examined corresponding effects in the auditory system. (grantome.com)
  • Together these findings demonstrate the importance of selective mechanisms in the filtering of task-irrelevant actions, and indicate a role for top-down control in limiting the motoric simulation of observed actions. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Particular attention is paid to the mechanisms involving the implementation of neural mechanisms that make use of the temporal structure of neuronal firing, rather than just the average firing rate. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Contrary to previous findings, the results of this study indicate that during selective attention, in addition to signal amplification, the neurons in the human auditory cortex tune into the frequency band attended to by the subjects. (innovations-report.com)
  • Research identifies complex of neurons crucial to controlling attention. (biologyonline.com)
  • These results point to a general computational role for selective synchronization in dynamically controlling which neurons communicate information about sensory inputs effectively. (blogspot.com)
  • Our results reveal a specific association of voluntarily driven neuronal activity with "top-down" attention and suggest a basis for the use of neurofeedback training to treat disorders of attention. (sciencemag.org)
  • Neuronal activity related to selective attention processing was quantified and compared across the 3 groups, and correlated with neuropsychological measures of attention and executive function. (neurology.org)
  • Neuronal measures of flanker interference activity in the alpha and theta range revealed differential dynamics in attention-related brain areas across the 3 groups, especially in those with HAND. (neurology.org)
  • Complementing this synchronization at a local level, attention has recently been demonstrated to regulate which locally synchronized neuronal groups phase-synchronize their rhythmic activity across long-range connections. (blogspot.com)
  • The lab constructs models of the neuronal basis of visual selective attention by simulating them on digital computers and comparing the results with data obtained from the visual and somatosensory systems of primates. (hopkinsmedicine.org)
  • Therefore we are trying to transfer visual attention selection mechanism to the scene analysis of service robots. (hindawi.com)
  • We proposed a computing model of selective attention which is biologically inspired by visual attention mechanism, which aims at predicting focus of attention (FOA) in a domestic environment. (hindawi.com)
  • Saliency computing and selective attention mechanism are widely used in many applications including object of interest image segmentation, visual scene analysis, and object recognition [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Our second specific aim is to define the mechanism and determine the role of attention related changes in functional connectivity between primary and higher level belt regions of auditory cortex. (grantome.com)
  • The authors included two levels of soft attention mechanism, (1) to attend to the most relevant signals of a histone mark, and (2) to attend to the important marks and their interactions. (uwaterloo.ca)
  • Attention is the main mechanism that controls this selection process, namely selective attention. (bvsalud.org)
  • Selective attention is the mechanism by which the subset of incoming information is preferentially processed from the complex external environment. (bvsalud.org)
  • In this review, these two issues are introduced to systematically discuss the neural mechanism of visual selective attention. (bvsalud.org)
  • Here, we investigate the behavioral and neural dynamics of selective attention to representations in auditory working memory (i.e., auditory objects) using psychophysical modeling and model-based analysis of electroencephalographic signals. (nih.gov)
  • Introducing a new auditory memory paradigm and using model-based electroencephalography analyses in humans, we thus bridge this gap and reveal behavioral and neural signatures of increased, attention-mediated working memory precision. (nih.gov)
  • Furthermore, we found that behavioral display components (train rattling and wing shaking) captured and maintained female attention, indicating that interactions between display components may promote the evolution of multicomponent displays. (biologists.org)
  • Analyses focused on behavioral task performance and on modulation of oscillatory EEG activity in the alpha band (9-12 Hz) for alerting as well as orienting attention and frontal theta band (4-8 Hz) for executive control. (ant-neuro.com)
  • Results HIV-infected participants with and without HAND exhibited behavioral selective attention deficits on the magnetoencephalography task, as indicated by an increased flanker effect. (neurology.org)
  • Selective attention to specific features within objects: behavioral and electrophysiological evidence. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Selection for action: Some behavioral and neurophysiological consideration of attention and action. (bsl.nl)
  • Selective attention to speech, relative to attention to melody, was associated with blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) increases during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in left inferior frontal gyrus, temporal regions, and the visual word form area (VWFA). (biomedsearch.com)
  • auditory selective attention using neuroimaging methods (EEG/MEG/fMRI). (auditory.org)
  • Selective hearing is not a physiological disorder but rather it is the capability of humans to block out sounds and noise. (wikipedia.org)
  • Only the correlates of later, higher-level conscious processes strongly depended on attention. (nih.gov)
  • Visual selective attention is the processes that is involved in detecting one source of sensory information over another, therefore ignoring or disregarding other sources available in the present environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • This increase in response time is greater for older adults than for younger adults, suggesting that attention allocation over trials is sensitive to age-related decline, and therefore it is possible that there is an age-related decline in ability to switch between a situation that requires the use of inhibitory processes and situations that do not require selective attention. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, the data suggest that the cognitive processes underlying selective attention are, in general, spared in patients with frontal lobe lesions or basal ganglia dysfunction. (northwestern.edu)
  • Three experiments with an arithmetic working memory task examine the object switch effect first reported by Garavan (1998), which was interpreted as evidence for a focus of attention within working memory. (psu.edu)
  • Experiments 1a and 1b showed object switch costs with a task that requires selective access to items in working memory, but did not involve counting, and did not require updating of working memory contents, thus ruling out two alternative explanations of Garavan's results. (psu.edu)
  • Experiment 2 showed object switch costs with a task that required no selective access to working memory contents, but involved updating, thus providing evidence for a second component to the overall object switch costs. (psu.edu)
  • Key words: working memory, attention, switching, mental model, anaphor resolution, spatial distance effect One function of working memory is to hold a number of units of information available for processing. (psu.edu)
  • In children, working memory capacity has been shown to benefit, and cross-sectional data suggest potential benefits for selective attention and inhibitory control. (springer.com)
  • Learn more about Alan Brown in our interview with him on Attention Talk Radio, titled " Crushing Your ADD: Stories behind the Scenes " and Attention Talk Video, titled " Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: What an Aha Moment Looks Like . (constantcontact.com)
  • Is It Attention Deficit Disorder or Attention Difference Disorder? (constantcontact.com)
  • Watch this episode of Attention Talk Video as we interview Dr. Kenny Handelman ( www.drkenny.com ) around his book, Attention Difference Disorder, and why the title is so appropriate for those with attention deficit disorder. (constantcontact.com)
  • Selective auditory attention or selective hearing is a type of selective attention and involves the auditory system . (wikipedia.org)
  • When people use selective hearing, noise from the surrounding environment is heard by the auditory system but only certain parts of the auditory information are chosen to be processed by the brain. (wikipedia.org)
  • This study examines the effects of acute insulin-induced hypoglycemia on attention and intelligence in nondiabetic humans. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of acute controlled, insulin-induced hypoglycemia on ( 1 ) general nonverbal intelligence and ( 2 ) various aspects of attention. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • We further show that the extent of alpha power modulation predicts the degree to which individuals' memory performance benefits from selective attention. (nih.gov)
  • Event-related potentials recorded during task performance revealed the dynamics of neural modulation by feature attention. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Modulation of human extrastriate visual processing by selective attention to colours and words. (ox.ac.uk)
  • These findings suggest that parietal cortex realizes selective attention by disrupting cross-frequency coupling at target regions, which prevents them from propagating task-irrelevant information. (uzh.ch)
  • We investigated whether ageing affects crossmodal selective attention (the ability to focus on a relevant sensory modality and ignore an irrelevant modality) and the spatial constraints on such selective processing. (ox.ac.uk)
  • require more attention resources than does reading the irrelevant word. (scribd.com)
  • Broadbent used his findings to develop the filter model of attention in 1958. (wikipedia.org)
  • Resultsfrom this research led Broadbent to produce his 'filter' model of how selective attention operates. (simplypsychology.org)
  • Broadbent concluded that we can pay attention to only one channel at a time - so his is a single channel model. (simplypsychology.org)
  • Broadbent thought that the filter, which selects one channel for attention, does this only on the basis of PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS of the information coming in: for example, which particular ear the information was coming to, or the type of voice. (simplypsychology.org)
  • Building on the research conducted by Cherry, Broadbent used an information-processing metaphor to describe human attention. (verywellmind.com)
  • In contrast, in novel environments, theta coherence specifically tracked exploration-related attention in WT mice, but was strongly elevated and unmodulated in Gria1-knockouts, thereby correlating with impaired short-term habituation. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Greater responsiveness to donepezil in alzheimer patients with higher levels of acetylcholinesterase based on attention task scores and a donepezil PET Study," Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders , vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 113-118, 2012. (hindawi.com)
  • However, the precise nature of deficits of attention in HIV-infected patients is poorly understood. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • We investigated 27 HIV-infected patients and 31 normal controls with the Attention Network Test (ANT). (physiciansweekly.com)
  • Our results also indicate a tendency for poorer efficiency on alerting attention and executive attention in patients with CD4 ≤ 200. (physiciansweekly.com)
  • Objective To identify the neural markers of attention dysfunction in patients with HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND). (neurology.org)
  • Visual selective attention and response competition were tested in patients with frontal lobe lesions or with Parkinson's disease, and matched normal controls. (northwestern.edu)
  • Selective attention was also studied on the basis of assessment of parameters of the P300 wave of auditory evoked potentials in 66 patients with different genotypes - SerSer and SerCys (the CysCys genotype was not seen among the patients). (elsevier.com)
  • Selective attention and avoidance on a pictorial cueing task during stress in clinically anxious and depressed participants. (harvard.edu)
  • Participants completed the Attention Network Test with concurrent EEG recorded 6 h post-injection. (ant-neuro.com)
  • Methods Sixty participants, including 40 HIV-infected adults (half with HAND) and 20 demographically matched controls performed a visual selective attention task while undergoing high-density magnetoencephalography. (neurology.org)
  • Cherry then asked participants to pay attention to a particular message, and then repeat back what they had heard. (verywellmind.com)
  • He discovered that the participants were able to easily pay attention to one message and repeat it, but when they were asked about the contents of the other message, they were unable to say anything about it. (verywellmind.com)
  • Taken together, these findings suggest that selective attention plays a crucial role in sexual selection and likely influences the evolution of male display traits. (biologists.org)
  • The present study investigated the effect of visual selective attention upon neural processing within functionally specialized regions of the human extrastriate visual cortex. (ox.ac.uk)
  • We model this role of social learning in guiding selective attention and market dynamics. (nber.org)
  • That selective attention operates with an arbitrary amount of tolerance at all was not immediately understood. (frontiersin.org)
  • Spontaneous neural activity was also extracted from these attention-related cortical areas and examined with respect to HAND status. (neurology.org)
  • The neural basis of selective attention has been one of the greatest unresolved questions in science. (innovations-report.com)
  • Classical neuropsychological tests purporting to assess attention have deteriorated during controlled hypoglycemia in nondiabetic subjects ( 8 ) and in adults with type 1 diabetes ( 6 , 12 , 13 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Electrophysiological correlates of visual consciousness and selective attention. (nih.gov)
  • We studied the relationship between attention and consciousness by tracking their electrophysiological correlates. (nih.gov)
  • The results were obtained by measuring electroencephalographic (EEG) event-related potentials in healthy subjects performing a task that requires selective attention. (innovations-report.com)
  • The emergence of correlation with binding and its increase with attention parallel our previous observations on the local field potentials (Martin and von der Heydt, Society for Neuroscience Abstracts 2010). (arvojournals.org)
  • Selective attention strongly modulated long-latency potentials evoked by words. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The late onset of the attention effect and its co-localization with letter string-related potentials but not with colour-related potentials recorded from nearby regions of the fusiform gyrus suggest that the attention effect is due to top-down influences from downstream regions involved in word processing. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Computational models of visual attention are being touted as an exciting new methodology for computer vision and image processing due to the apparent ability to imitate human vision and overcome the challenging issues of computer vision. (oreilly.com)
  • Visual selective attention is a brain function that controls the processing of retinal input based on whether it is relevant or important. (wikipedia.org)
  • All SEMANTIC PROCESSING (processing the information to decode the meaning, in other words understand what is said) is carried out after the filter has selected the channel to pay attention to. (simplypsychology.org)
  • The application of paired recordings across different nodes of the auditory thalamocortical processing hierarchy will provide fundamental information on how dynamic brain networks function, and are modulated by attention. (grantome.com)
  • 9. Taghavi MR, Dalgleish T, Moradi AR, Neshat-Doost HT, Yule W. Selective processing of negative emotional information in children and adolescents with generalized anxiety disorder. (openaire.eu)
  • The selective processing of briefly presented affective pictures: An ERP analysis Harald T. Schupp et al. (naver.com)
  • We concluded that onset capture disrupts selective attention by adding noise to the processing of the target location. (bsl.nl)
  • interference occurs because color naming requires more attention than reading words. (scribd.com)
  • Based on this theory, most popular approaches of bottom-up attention, Itti model, hypothesized that many kinds of feature maps on image feed into a unique representation called saliency map. (hindawi.com)
  • Switching attention based on this scalar topographical representation to focus on the most salient location could draw attention on the area of the highest activity in the saliency map[ 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • At first, an attention selection model is built based on saliency computing and key area. (ijac.net)
  • The area which is highly relevant to service task could be located and referred as focus of attention (FOA). (ijac.net)
  • The experimental task required subjects to focus attention on words from one of two competing texts. (ox.ac.uk)
  • At pretreatment, a pictorial dotprobe task was administered to assess selective attention. (openaire.eu)
  • 15. Salemink E, van den Hout MA, Kindt M. Selective attention and threat: quick orienting versus slow disengagement and two versions of the dot probe task. (openaire.eu)
  • This effect was specific for meat pictures and obtained during passive viewing and an explicit attention task condition. (naver.com)
  • One could easily surmise that selective attention and distractions should never go together when one wants to complete a highly demanding task. (biologyonline.com)
  • Role of task-directed attention in nonconscious and conscious response priming by form and color. (uh.edu)
  • The 'spotlight' model works much like it sounds-it proposes that visual attention works similar to that of a spotlight. (verywellmind.com)
  • This paper proposes an attention-based deep learning model to find how this chromatin factors/ histone modification marks contributes to the gene expression of a particular cell. (uwaterloo.ca)