Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Seed Dispersal: The various physical methods which include wind, insects, animals, tension, and water, by which a plant scatters its seeds away from the parent plant.Germination: The initial stages of the growth of SEEDS into a SEEDLINGS. The embryonic shoot (plumule) and embryonic PLANT ROOTS (radicle) emerge and grow upwards and downwards respectively. Food reserves for germination come from endosperm tissue within the seed and/or from the seed leaves (COTYLEDON). (Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Grape Seed Extract: Exudate from seeds of the grape plant Vitis vinifera, composed of oils and secondary plant metabolites (BIOFLAVONOIDS and polyphenols) credited with important medicinal properties.Seed Storage Proteins: One or more types of plant seed proteins providing the large amounts of AMINO ACIDS utilized in GERMINATION and SEEDLING growth. As seeds are the major food source from AGRICULTURAL CROPS, seed storage proteins are a major source of DIETARY PROTEINS.Plant Dormancy: The state of failure to initiate and complete the process of growth, reproduction, or gemination of otherwise normal plants or vegetative structures thereof.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.Gene Expression Regulation, Plant: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.Seedling: Very young plant after GERMINATION of SEEDS.Arabidopsis: A plant genus of the family BRASSICACEAE that contains ARABIDOPSIS PROTEINS and MADS DOMAIN PROTEINS. The species A. thaliana is used for experiments in classical plant genetics as well as molecular genetic studies in plant physiology, biochemistry, and development.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.Brassica napus: A plant species of the family BRASSICACEAE best known for the edible roots.Abscisic Acid: Abscission-accelerating plant growth substance isolated from young cotton fruit, leaves of sycamore, birch, and other plants, and from potatoes, lemons, avocados, and other fruits.Fabaceae: The large family of plants characterized by pods. Some are edible and some cause LATHYRISM or FAVISM and other forms of poisoning. Other species yield useful materials like gums from ACACIA and various LECTINS like PHYTOHEMAGGLUTININS from PHASEOLUS. Many of them harbor NITROGEN FIXATION bacteria on their roots. Many but not all species of "beans" belong to this family.Cotyledon: A part of the embryo in a seed plant. The number of cotyledons is an important feature in classifying plants. In seeds without an endosperm, they store food which is used in germination. In some plants, they emerge above the soil surface and become the first photosynthetic leaves. (From Concise Dictionary of Biology, 1990)Arabidopsis Proteins: Proteins that originate from plants species belonging to the genus ARABIDOPSIS. The most intensely studied species of Arabidopsis, Arabidopsis thaliana, is commonly used in laboratory experiments.Gibberellins: A class of plant growth hormone isolated from cultures of Gibberella fujikuroi, a fungus causing Bakanae disease in rice. There are many different members of the family as well as mixtures of multiple members; all are diterpenoid acids based on the gibberellane skeleton.Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Soybeans: An annual legume. The SEEDS of this plant are edible and used to produce a variety of SOY FOODS.Proanthocyanidins: Dimers and oligomers of flavan-3-ol units (CATECHIN analogs) linked mainly through C4 to C8 bonds to leucoanthocyanidins. They are structurally similar to ANTHOCYANINS but are the result of a different fork in biosynthetic pathways.Endosperm: Nutritive tissue of the seeds of flowering plants that surrounds the EMBRYOS. It is produced by a parallel process of fertilization in which a second male gamete from the pollen grain fuses with two female nuclei within the embryo sac. The endosperm varies in ploidy and contains reserves of starch, oils, and proteins, making it an important source of human nutrition.GlobulinsPlant Oils: Oils derived from plants or plant products.Plant Extracts: Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.Pollen: The fertilizing element of plants that contains the male GAMETOPHYTES.Chenopodiaceae: The goosefoot plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. It includes beets and chard (BETA VULGARIS), as well as SPINACH, and salt tolerant plants.Plants, Medicinal: Plants whose roots, leaves, seeds, bark, or other constituent parts possess therapeutic, tonic, purgative, curative or other pharmacologic attributes, when administered to man or animals.Pollination: The transfer of POLLEN grains (male gametes) to the plant ovule (female gamete).Angiosperms: Members of the group of vascular plants which bear flowers. They are differentiated from GYMNOSPERMS by their production of seeds within a closed chamber (OVARY, PLANT). The Angiosperms division is composed of two classes, the monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida). Angiosperms represent approximately 80% of all known living plants.Flowers: The reproductive organs of plants.Helianthus: A genus herbs of the Asteraceae family. The SEEDS yield oil and are used as food and animal feed; the roots of Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke) are edible.Peas: A variable annual leguminous vine (Pisum sativum) that is cultivated for its rounded smooth or wrinkled edible protein-rich seeds, the seed of the pea, and the immature pods with their included seeds. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1973)Sesamum: A plant genus of the family PEDALIACEAE that is the source of the edible seed and SESAME OIL.Desiccation: Removal of moisture from a substance (chemical, food, tissue, etc.).Plant Weeds: A plant growing in a location where it is not wanted, often competing with cultivated plants.Trees: Woody, usually tall, perennial higher plants (Angiosperms, Gymnosperms, and some Pterophyta) having usually a main stem and numerous branches.BaltimoreStearates: Salts and esters of the 18-carbon saturated, monocarboxylic acid--stearic acid.Hydrogenation: Addition of hydrogen to a compound, especially to an unsaturated fat or fatty acid. (From Stedman, 26th ed)Antioxidants: Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.SculptureCatholicism: The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)SermonsReligion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Funeral SermonsChurch of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints: A group of religious bodies tracing their origin to Joseph Smith in 1830 and accepting the Book of Mormon as divine revelation. (from Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Christianity: The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)Birds: Warm-blooded VERTEBRATES possessing FEATHERS and belonging to the class Aves.Nutritional Requirements: The amounts of various substances in food needed by an organism to sustain healthy life.Nutritional Status: State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.

Purification of gibberellic acid-induced lysosomes from wheat aleurone cells. (1/6126)

Using isopycnic density gradient centrifugation, lysosomes were concentrated in a single region of a sucrose-Ficoll gradient (p = 1-10 g cm-3), well separated from most other cell organelles. Gibberellic acid-induced lysosomes were found to be rich in alpha-amylase and protease but not ribonuclease. The lysosomal band also contained a majority of the NADH2-cytochrome c reductase, a marker enzyme for endoplasmic reticulum, found in the gradient. Examination of electron micrographs revealed that a purified band of lyosomes contained at least 3 vesicle types, ranging in size from 0-1 to 0-5 mum. The significance of these findings to proposed mechanisms of action of gibberellic acid is discussed.  (+info)

Male gametic cell-specific gene expression in flowering plants. (2/6126)

The role of the male gamete-the sperm cell-in the process of fertilization is to recognize, adhere to, and fuse with the female gamete. These highly specialized functions are expected to be controlled by activation of a unique set of genes. However, male gametic cells traditionally have been regarded as transcriptionally quiescent because of highly condensed chromatin and a very reduced amount of cytoplasm. Here, we provide evidence for male gamete-specific gene expression in flowering plants. We identified and characterized a gene, LGC1, which was shown to be expressed exclusively in the male gametic cells. The gene product of LGC1 was localized at the surface of male gametic cells, suggesting a possible role in sperm-egg interactions. These findings represent an important step toward defining the molecular mechanisms of male gamete development and the cellular processes involved in fertilization of flowering plants.  (+info)

A single limit dextrinase gene is expressed both in the developing endosperm and in germinated grains of barley. (3/6126)

The single gene encoding limit dextrinase (pullulan 6-glucanohydrolase; EC in barley (Hordeum vulgare) has 26 introns that range in size from 93 to 822 base pairs. The mature polypeptide encoded by the gene has 884 amino acid residues and a calculated molecular mass of 97,417 D. Limit dextrinase mRNA is abundant in gibberellic acid-treated aleurone layers and in germinated grain. Gibberellic acid response elements were found in the promoter region of the gene. These observations suggest that the enzyme participates in starch hydrolysis during endosperm mobilization in germinated grain. The mRNA encoding the enzyme is present at lower levels in the developing endosperm of immature grain, a location consistent with a role for limit dextrinase in starch synthesis. Enzyme activity was also detected in developing grain. The limit dextrinase has a presequence typical of transit peptides that target nascent polypeptides to amyloplasts, but this would not be expected to direct secretion of the mature enzyme from aleurone cells in germinated grain. It remains to be discovered how the enzyme is released from the aleurone and whether another enzyme, possibly of the isoamylase group, might be equally important for starch hydrolysis in germinated grain.  (+info)

Health aspects of partially defatted flaxseed, including effects on serum lipids, oxidative measures, and ex vivo androgen and progestin activity: a controlled crossover trial. (4/6126)

BACKGROUND: Currently there is considerable interest in the potential health benefits of oil seeds, such as soy and flaxseed, especially in relation to cardiovascular disease and cancer. OBJECTIVE: We therefore evaluated health aspects of partially defatted flaxseed in relation to serum lipids, indicators of oxidative stress, and ex vivo sex hormone activities. DESIGN: Twenty-nine hyperlipidemic subjects (22 men and 7 postmenopausal women) completed two 3-wk treatment periods in a randomized, crossover trial. Subjects were given muffins that contributed approximately 20 g fiber/d from either flaxseed (approximately 50 g partially defatted flaxseed/d) or wheat bran (control) while they consumed self-selected National Cholesterol Education Program Step II diets. Both muffins had similar macronutrient profiles. Treatment phases were separated by > or = 2 wk. RESULTS: Partially defatted flaxseed reduced total cholesterol (4.6+/-1.2%; P = 0.001), LDL cholesterol (7.6+/-1.8%; P < 0.001), apolipoprotein B (5.4+/-1.4%; P = 0.001), and apolipoprotein A-I (5.8+/-1.9%; P = 0.005), but had no effect on serum lipoprotein ratios at week 3 compared with the control. There were no significant effects on serum HDL cholesterol, serum protein carbonyl content, or ex vivo androgen or progestin activity after either treatment. Unexpectedly, serum protein thiol groups were significantly lower (10.8+/-3.6%; P = 0.007) at week 3 after the flaxseed treatment than after the control, suggesting increased oxidation. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that partially defatted flaxseed is effective in lowering LDL cholesterol. No effects on lipoprotein ratios, ex vivo serum androgen or progestin activity, or protein carbonyl content were observed. The significance of increased oxidation of protein thiol groups with flaxseed consumption requires further investigation.  (+info)

Human metabolism of mammalian lignan precursors in raw and processed flaxseed. (5/6126)

BACKGROUND: The mammalian lignans enterolactone and enterodiol are produced in the colon by the action of bacteria on the plant precursor secoisolariciresinol diglycoside, which is found in high concentrations in flaxseed. OBJECTIVE: Two experiments were conducted to determine 1) whether there is a dose response in urinary lignan excretion with increasing flaxseed intake, 2) whether flaxseed processing affects lignan excretion, 3) peak plasma lignan concentrations, and 4) plasma lignan concentrations after chronic supplementation. DESIGN: Nine healthy young women supplemented their diets with 5, 15, or 25 g raw or 25 g processed (muffin or bread) flaxseed for 7 d during the follicular phase of their menstrual cycles. Twenty-four-hour urine samples were collected at baseline and on the final day of supplementation. As an adjunct to the 25-g-flaxseed arm, subjects consumed the supplement for an additional day and blood and urine samples were collected at specific intervals. All blood and urine samples were analyzed for enterolactone and enterodiol by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy. RESULTS: A dose-dependent urinary lignan response to raw flaxseed was observed (r = 0.72, P < 0.001). The processing of flaxseed as a muffin or bread did not affect the quantity of lignan excretion. Plasma lignan concentrations were greater (P < or = 0.05) than baseline by 9 h after flaxseed ingestion (29.35+/-3.69 and 51.75+/-7.49 nmol/L, respectively). The total plasma area under the curve was higher on the eighth than on the first day (1840.15+/-343.02 and 1027.15+/-95.71 nmol x h/L, respectively). CONCLUSION: Mammalian lignan production from flaxseed precursors is dependent on time and dose but not on processing.  (+info)

Plant cell-directed control of virion sense gene expression in wheat dwarf virus. (6/6126)

We have used particle bombardment (biolistics) to deliver replication-competent wheat dwarf virus (WDV)-based constructs, carrying reporter gene sequences fused to the virion sense promoter (Pv) or the CaMV 35S promoter, to suspension culture cells and immature zygotic embryos of wheat. While the replication of WDV double-stranded DNA forms (replicons) was equivalent between wheat suspension culture cells and embryos, GUS reporter gene activity was 20-40 times higher in the embryo cultures. Maximum expression of WDV replicons occurred in the embryonic axis tissue of wheat embryos but their expression in suspension cells was compromised, compared with transiently maintained input plasmid DNA containing the same sequences. From these studies, we propose that WDV replicons are subject to a host cell-controlled competency for virion sense transcription. The term competency is used to distinguish between the phenomenon described here and control of gene expression by specific transcription factors. Control of competency is independent of Pv, the replacement 35S promoter and of the complementary sense control of virion sense expression involving specific sequences in Pv. We propose that factors controlling the competency for replicon expression may be present in cells which, as well as maintaining high rates of DNA synthesis, are totipotent. Cell type control of active chromatin, methylation of specific sequences in WDV minichromosomes and/or interaction of virus-encoded proteins with specific host factors are considered as possible mechanisms.  (+info)

Reduction of serum cholesterol and hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis in rabbits by secoisolariciresinol diglucoside isolated from flaxseed. (7/6126)

BACKGROUND: Secoisolariciresinol diglucoside (SDG) is a plant lignan isolated from flaxseed. Lignans are platelet-activating factor-receptor antagonists that would inhibit the production of oxygen radicals by polymorphonuclear leukocytes. SDG is an antioxidant. Antioxidants studied thus far are known to reduce hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of SDG on various blood lipid and aortic tissue oxidative stress parameters and on the development of atherosclerosis in rabbits fed a high-cholesterol diet. METHODS AND RESULTS: Rabbits were assigned to 4 groups: group 1, control; group 2, SDG control (15 mg. kg body wt-1. d-1 PO); group 3, 1% cholesterol diet; and group 4, same as group 3 but with added SDG (15 mg. kg body wt-1. d-1 PO). Blood samples were collected before (time 0) and after 4 and 8 weeks of experimental diets for measurement of serum triglycerides, total cholesterol (TC), and LDL, HDL, and VLDL cholesterol (LDL-C, HDL-C, and VLDL-C). The aorta was removed at the end of the protocol for assessment of atherosclerotic plaques; malondialdehyde, an aortic tissue lipid peroxidation product; and aortic tissue chemiluminescence, a marker for antioxidant reserve. Serum TC, LDL-C, and the ratios LDL-C/HDL-C and TC/HDL-C increased in groups 3 and 4 compared with time 0, the increase being smaller in group 4 than in group 3. Serum HDL-C decreased in group 3 and increased in group 4 compared with time 0, but changes were lower in group 3 than in group 4. SDG reduced TC and LDL-C by 33% and 35%, respectively, at week 8 but increased HDL-C significantly, by>140%, as early as week 4. It also decreased TC/LDL-C and LDL-C/HDL-C ratios by approximately 64%. There was an increase in aortic malondialdehyde and chemiluminescence in group 3, and they were lower in group 4 than in group 3. SDG reduced hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis by 73%. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that SDG reduced hypercholesterolemic atherosclerosis and that this effect was associated with a decrease in serum cholesterol, LDL-C, and lipid peroxidation product and an increase in HDL-C and antioxidant reserve.  (+info)

Small angle X-ray scattering of wheat seed-storage proteins: alpha-, gamma- and omega-gliadins and the high molecular weight (HMW) subunits of glutenin. (8/6126)

Small angle X-ray scattering in solution was performed on seed-storage proteins from wheat. Three different groups of gliadins (alpha-, gamma- and omega-) and a high molecular weight (HMW) subunit of glutenin (1Bx20) were studied to determine molecular size parameters. All the gliadins could be modelled as prolate ellipsoids with extended conformations. The HMW subunit existed as a highly extended rod-like particle in solution with a length of about 69 nm and a diameter of about 6.4 nm. Specific aggregation effects were observed which may reflect mechanisms of self-assembly that contribute to the unique viscoelastic properties of wheat dough.  (+info)

  • There are many publications with detailed information on seed saving and growing techniques for each species. (
  • There is no such thing as the best species or the best seed mix, but the one best suited to our lawn. (
  • Many use Gramigna seeds (also called Cynodon Dactylon or Bermudagrass) which, despite what is commonly imagined, is one of the most valuable species, able to create compact and elegant turf. (
  • The third factor is the exposure: if our lawn is in the shade, the choice becomes almost obligatory towards the seeds of Festuca Rubra, the species most adaptable to the lack of sun. (
  • Experiments with Guarea guidonia (L.) Sleumer (American muskwood) were initiated to determine the effects of desiccation on the physiology and biochemistry of the seeds of this tropical tree species. (
  • Angiosperm seeds comprise three clearly defined components, i.e. the embryo, endosperm and seed coat, with each having a distinct genetic composition which exerts different influences on seed development. (
  • Historically farmers and local gardeners have created and sustained this rich genetic heritage by learning to save their own seeds from varieties that perform best in their own mini-ecosystems. (
  • The current trend toward mono crops where only one seed type is used to produce a crop worldwide is eliminating the ability to be able to find genetic variations that will withstand emerging pathogens and climate changes. (
  • This is due to the wide genetic variation, primarily manifested in variable maturity and dormancy, that exists in most tree seed lots. (
  • Science Daily/Nanyang Technological University) Scientists have developed a sustainable way to demonstrate a new genetic modification that can increase the yield of natural oil in seeds by up to 15% in laboratory conditions. (
  • The present review considers some of the major regulators of seed size, with a particular emphasis on the role of the seed coat in modulating endosperm proliferation and cellularization. (
  • The innermost layer of the seed coat, the endothelium, synthesizes flavonoids which are held to provide a defensive function against microbes, act as feeding deterrents, provide UV protection and to have a role in seed dormancy. (
  • A growing body of data suggests that flavonoids may also play a fundamental role in regulating communication between the seed coat and the endosperm. (
  • The University of Minnesota Extension has a handy guide to plants that are easiest to collect seeds from: in general, tomatoes, peppers and beans are good choices because they self-pollinate. (
  • You can get way into the weeds (pun intended) with seed saving by isolating plants specifically for seed, as this seed saver chart shows . (
  • However, some plants aren't mature when they're picked and eaten, meaning you'll have to sacrifice a few , leaving them in the ground or on the vine in order to collect seeds. (
  • The Old Farmer's Almanac's seed-saving guide walks through how to harvest different types of plants as well as how to prepare seeds for storage. (
  • Make sure you're selecting seeds from healthy plants only. (
  • Be sure to label containers with the name, variety and date as well as any other details about the plants you harvested the seeds from. (
  • The seeds of T1 plants (T2 seeds) segregated and containing homozygotes, heterozygotes and null segregants (without transgene). (
  • The T3 seeds of selected null segregants and transformed homozygotes were further grown on peat-based soil media in growth chamber (T3 plants) and the lipid content in their seeds (T4 seeds) were evaluated. (
  • Additionally T4 seeds of selected null segregants and selected transformed plants (homozygotes) were used for evaluation of AtPDAT overexpression effect on seedlings growth rate, measurement of PDAT activity and for greenhouse experiments. (
  • Gardeners have found that as seeds are selected and saved over many years, production is increased and the quality is improved, creating plants that will produce best for that locale and will resist diseases and pests of that locale. (
  • Keep in mind that to allow the plants to produce seed and to allow the seed to fully mature, you will have to allow for a longer growing season. (
  • Its climate and rainfall are ideal for raising plants and taking them through the growing cycle to obtain the highest quality of seed. (
  • It suggests that precise evaluations of these tests and their application with seeds of woody plants is not yet possible. (
  • It can be a bummer to obsessively tend to a seed crop for 6 months to year and then get a bad germ report back without an explanation for what went wrong. (
  • As a rule for any crop, any non-certified or untreated seed should be treated, if applicable, with a Clorox treatment, or hot-water seed treatment, or dusted to help minimize bacterial or damping-off diseases. (
  • For more information on seed treatments and products labeled for use in the greenhouse please see Tables E-13 and E-14 or specific crop sections in the 2016 Mid-Atlantic Commercial Vegetable Production Recommendations Guide. (
  • Some crops are biennial and do not produce seed until the next year, so you will need to determine whether you should leave the roots in the ground over the winter or dig and store them. (
  • There are usually at least a couple duds every year, generally on those heat loving crops that are hard to mature for seed at our latitude and mild climate. (
  • Phomopsis seed decay (PSD) is the seed infection phase of an important soybean [ Glycine max (L.) Merr. (
  • The complex (which also includes pod and stem blight and stem canker) reduces seed quality in all major soybean growing areas of the world. (
  • Past research has shown that a small 1.5 per cent increase in oil yield (by dry weight) in soybean seeds equates to a jump of US$ 1.26 billion in the United States market. (
  • Organic and conventional tomato growers who grow a significant number of heirloom tomatoes should consider using the hot water seed treatment to help reduce the chances for bacterial problems. (
  • Perhaps no one knows this better than Bill McDorman, founder of Seeds Trust, Inc., and executive director of Native Seeds/SEARCH ( ), an organization dedicated to the conservation and distribution of ancient agricultural seeds. (
  • The increased yield in seed oil would also benefit the production of biofuel, which is a form of clean fuel produced from organic sources, such as vegetable oils. (
  • Heirloom seeds become 'heirloom' because they exhibit exceptional traits desired by the gardener. (
  • We encourage you to try heirloom seeds, see which have the qualities for your area to become your favorites and make them into your own very special seed line. (
  • Kings Seeds Won 'Gold' in all nominated categories at the Great British Growing Awards 2020! (
  • We have closed seed sales for the remainder of 2020 due to low inventory and high field work demands. (
  • Enerex Black Seed Oil (sometimes called Black Cumin Seed) offers 100% first cold-pressed oil for maximum potency of its rich properties, which is taken as an antioxidant supplement or an alternative to other antibacterial, antiviral or immune-enhancing herbals. (
  • We like to think we have survived this long as all our seeds are tested in our own laboratory, by a qualified technician, for germination, vigour and purity, before being packed and distributed worldwide. (
  • Investigations of recalcitrant, or desiccation-sensitive, seeds have as yet failed to identify the causes of this phenomenon. (
  • The sunflower gets more attention than its edible progeny, sunflower seeds. (
  • Naturally rich in heart-healthy polyunsaturated oils, sunflower seeds are very high in the powerful antioxidant, vitamin E -- a 1/4-cup serving provides over 90 percent of the Daily Value (based on 2,000 calories/day. (
  • And that's not all -- sunflower seeds are one of the best sources of phytosterols, a compound known to lower blood cholesterol levels. (
  • Sunflower Seeds invites us to look more closely at the 'Made in China' phenomenon and the geo-politics of cultural and economic exchange today. (
  • While sunflower seeds are a healthful and delicious snacking choice, they are never recommended for infants or toddlers, as the seeds can pose a choking threat to their safety. (
  • make black cumin tea by pouring hot water over a tablespoon of the seeds and steeping for about 10 minutes. (
  • While your easiest bet is to mix chia seeds in water (one tablespoon per glass should do), these little seeds are actually really versatile. (
  • Examine seeds of the Middle East conflict, sown in pre-WWI Ottoman Palestine. (
  • We offer a wide variety of Perennial, Annual and Biennial flower seeds. (
  • Simple text and photographs depict types of flower seeds, how they travel, and what happens when they are planted. (
  • Find everything to create your dream garden in every colour you could possibly imagine, from wild flower seeds to tulip, daffodil and crocus bulbs. (
  • Cuminaldehyde is a natural compound in cumin seeds that gives them their nutty, peppery, lemony taste that's also somewhat bitter. (
  • These nutty seeds also provide protein, B vitamins and important minerals, such as manganese, magnesium and selenium. (
  • Although the small cumin seed looks rather unassuming, its nutty peppery flavor packs a punch when it comes to adding a nutty and peppery flavor to chili and other Mexican and Tex-Mex dishes as well playing an important role in Indian and Middle Eastern cuisine where it is a key component of curry powder. (
  • The kingdom of heaven is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and sowed in his field: Which indeed is the least of all seeds: but when it is grown, it is the greatest among herbs, and becomes a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in the branches of it" (Mt. 13:31-32). (
  • Von Saunder, who spent much of her childhood in the suburbs of Baltimore and Washington as the daughter of an aeronautical engineer, lives in the heart of Lancaster County, and in proximity to the self-contained Amish and Mennonite farming societies that have grown seed strains brought over by their ancestors in the 18th and 19th centuries. (
  • Almost all of the wheat grown on the Canadian prairies is from seed produced in the communities in which it is grown. (
  • The long process by which a seed changes from a tiny embryo into a fully grown plant requires time and favorable conditions. (
  • If biotech seed companies were to penetrate the markets of non-industrialized countries, their seeds would replace thousands of locally grown and adapted varieties resulting in a significant loss of the world's agricultural biodiversity. (
  • Their vines are grown via a method called cutting, which is similar to cloning and doesn't require seeds ( 1 ). (
  • This chart graphically details the %DV that a serving of Cumin seeds provides for each of the nutrients of which it is a good, very good, or excellent source according to our Food Rating System. (
  • Additional information about the amount of these nutrients provided by Cumin seeds can be found in the Food Rating System Chart . (
  • A link that takes you to the In-Depth Nutritional Profile for Cumin seeds, featuring information over 80 nutrients, can be found under the Food Rating System Chart. (
  • While antioxidant nutrients are found in most WHFoods, it's the diversity of antioxidants in pumpkin seeds that makes them unique in their antioxidant support. (
  • Summary Papaya seeds are a good source of many important nutrients, including antioxidants, monounsaturated fats and fiber. (
  • In addition to providing several key nutrients, papaya seeds are linked to a number of potential health benefits. (
  • In the wild, seed dormancy is usually overcome by the seed spending time in the ground through a winter period and having its hard seed coat softened up by frost and weathering action. (
  • There are at least three ways in which a hard testa may be responsible for seed dormancy: it may (1) prevent expansion of the embryo mechanically, (2) block the entrance of water, or (3) impede gas exchange so that the embryos lack oxygen. (
  • If the Terminator technology is widely licensed, it could mean that the commercial seed industry will enter entirely new sectors of the seed market - especially in self-pollinating seeds such as wheat, rice, cotton, soybeans, oats and sorghum. (
  • The endosperm within a seed is used when the embryo begins to develop. (
  • Seeds vary widely in terms of the relative amounts of embryo and endosperm they may contain. (
  • A tough outer layer that protects the embryo and endosperm of a seed from damage. (
  • Although recent studies have shown there to be little zinc in the shell itself (the shell is also called the seed coat or husk), there is a very thin layer directly beneath the shell called the endosperm envelope, and it is often pressed up very tightly against the shell. (
  • Because it can be tricky to separate the endosperm envelope from the shell, eating the entire pumpkin seed-shell and all-will ensure that all of the zinc-containing portions of the seed will be consumed. (
  • The seeds should be cleaned of any additional material ( fruit pulp, leaf and seed-pod fragments, cone scales, etc.), but the shells of nuts should not be removed. (
  • To estimate how long a fruit would stay in the fish's gut, the researchers fed captive fish some fruit pulp with known numbers of seeds and kept hourly records of fish excretions. (
  • While people take great pleasure in eating the fruit pulp, they usually discard the seed, but is there more to avocado's core than meets the eye? (
  • Such is the case with black cumin seed, which comes from a completely different plant than cumin and black cumin. (
  • Black cumin seed oil inhibits cancer cell activity and can even kill some types of cancer cells. (
  • Yet black cumin seed oil still has not been recognized as beneficial by mainstream medicine. (
  • In two separate 2011 studies, Chinese researchers and Saudi Arabian researchers reviewed the scientific literature for the use of black seed oil (also called black cumin seed or Nigella sativa), with cancer. (
  • Meganatural AZ grape seed extracts significantly reduced Alzheimer's disease-type cognitive deterioration in the Alzheimer' disease mice through mechanisms that prevents the formation of a more complex form of a molecule known as amyloid in the brain, Pasinetti said. (
  • In fact, ground up grape seeds are used to make grape seed oil and grape seed extract , which have become popular health foods. (
  • Some research has found that grape seed extract has blood-thinning properties, which could interfere with blood-thinning medications or be unsafe for people with bleeding disorders ( 2 , 3 , 4 ). (
  • Grape seeds are used to make dietary supplements, such as grape seed extract (GSE), which many people take for its potential anti-inflammatory and circulation-boosting properties. (
  • Some people may experience nausea or upset stomach from grape seed supplements, but GSE is generally considered safe, and minimal adverse effects have been reported ( 19 ). (
  • Generally, there's a lack of evidence regarding the safety of grape seed supplement use during pregnancy and breastfeeding. (
  • One study in maternal rats showed that ingesting grape seed procyanidin extract (GSPE) had negative effects on offspring, including insulin resistance. (
  • ORGANIC RADISH SEEDS - 1 POUND Radish sprouts increase digestive capability and reduce fibroid cystic growths. (
  • I spaced lettuce and spinach seeds at 3 inch intervals and radish and carrot seeds at 2 inch intervals. (
  • Fenugreek Seed Extract Market Size By Application (Pharmaceuticals, Food & Beverage, Cosmetics) Indu. (
  • Changing dietary patterns coupled with rising athletes demand for health supplements will drive global fenugreek seed extract market size. (
  • Rapid expansion of cosmetics market and availability through various channels including online portals, retail, and branded stores will further propel fenugreek seed extract market size. (
  • Factors such as antimicrobial and antioxidant properties coupled with improved demand for natural products will propel fenugreek seed extract market size. (
  • Increasing fenugreek production and export across the globe is expected to propel fenugreek seed extract market growth. (
  • This may hinder fenugreek seed extract market growth over the forecast period. (
  • Increasing product application as a spice to add a distinct flavor in food pastes, curry powders, and sauces will drive fenugreek seed extract market size from this segment. (
  • High dietary fiber content and other key elements such as iron, manganese, potassium, selenium driving fenugreek seed extract usage in various cosmetic products include shampoo, oil serum, conditioners and anti-aging creams. (
  • Researchers from the Pennsylvania State University (Penn State) say that the overlooked avocado seeds yield an extract that may have important anti-inflammatory properties. (
  • More specifically, the researchers focused on the interaction between the avocado seed extract and macrophages, a type of specialized immune cell that destroys foreign, potentially harmful bodies and cellular debris that becomes toxic when it accumulates. (
  • According to one test-tube study, papaya seed extract was effective against three different strains of fungi, including the specific pathogen responsible for causing yeast infections ( 6 ). (
  • One animal study found that papaya seed extract helped prevent kidney damage in rats given a medication to induce toxicity ( 8 ). (
  • One test-tube study found that papaya seed extract helped reduce inflammation and protect against cancer development ( 11 ). (
  • For example, one study found that administering large doses of papaya seed extract to monkeys caused a condition called azoospermia, which is characterized by a lack of sperm in the semen ( 17 ). (
  • A rat study had similar findings, reporting that papaya seed extract reduced both sperm count and sperm motility. (
  • For example, members of the orchid family have tiny, dustlike seeds that consist of little more than core embryonic tissues, with very little in the way of energy reserves. (
  • I was looking for a sweet pumpkin seed recipe. (
  • I did change my personal pumpkin seed recipe to boil the seeds first, let them dry, then put them in. (
  • Whole roasted, unshelled pumpkin seeds contain about 10 milligrams of zinc per 3.5 ounces, and shelled roasted pumpkin seeds (which are often referred to pumpkin seed kernels) contain about 7-8 milligrams. (
  • This recommendation supported by a new study that pinpointed 20 minutes as a threshold time for changes in pumpkin seed fats. (
  • In a recent study, 20 minutes emerged as a threshold hold time for changes in pumpkin seed fats. (
  • Discover your green fingers and sow your garden, then step back and watch it bloom with our stunning selection of seeds and bulbs. (
  • I'd also mention that fennel is DELICIOUS, and any recipe that contains fennel and/or fennel seeds will probably be awesome. (
  • C&EN Senior Business Editor Melody Voith describes a boom in developing and producing chemical coatings that act as built-in pesticides to protect seeds from destructive insects, fungi, and other pests. (
  • Studies show that papaya seeds can destroy certain types of fungi and parasites. (
  • This study investigated the effects of irradiation and the addition of black seed oil on the oxidant/antioxidant system in the liver tissue of irradiated rats. (
  • The analysis of the data shows that black seed oil reduces oxidative stress markers and has antioxidant effects, which also augments the antioxidant capacity in the liver tissue of rats. (
  • These last two forms have only recently been discovered in pumpkin seeds, and their health benefits-including antioxidant benefits-are a topic of current interest in vitamin E research, since their bioavailability might be greater than some of the other vitamin E forms. (
  • Pumpkin seeds contain conventional antioxidant vitamins like vitamin E. However, not only do they contain vitamin E, but they contain it in a wide variety of forms. (
  • Avocado seeds are rich in polyphenols and contain a large number of different classes of phytochemicals," the investigators note, adding that "[t]he seed has higher polyphenol content and greater antioxidant activity than the pulp. (
  • Thanks to their impressive nutrient and antioxidant profile, some studies show that papaya seeds could have anti-cancer properties . (
  • These pomegranate seeds were used by Townsend Farms to make the Townsend Farms and Harris Teeter Organic Antioxidant Blends and by Scenic Fruit Company to make the Woodstock Frozen Organic Pomegranate Kernels. (
  • Most gardeners encounter a vegetable at the start of its growth cycle, as a seed in spring. (
  • We sell Many types Of flower and vegetable Garden seeds, Feel free to look around, browse our store items. (
  • or in the bowl of a stand mixer, combine the seeds, flour, salt, honey and vegetable oil with three-fourths cup water. (
  • As grass seeds are made from vegetable matter they're invisible on x-ray (unlike bone or metal) so their exact location within the paw is usually a mystery. (
  • It is easiest to sow vegetable seeds in spring, summer and autumn into prepared beds where they will eventually be cropped. (
  • Grapes also contain melatonin, which becomes most concentrated in the seeds as grapes ripen ( 13 ). (
  • In 1967, seeds of the arctic tundra lupine ( Lupinus arcticus ) found in a frozen lemming burrow with animal remains established to be at least 10,000 years old germinated within 48 hours when returned to favourable conditions. (
  • Black cumin IS NOT black seed and although plenty of products now erroneously label themselves as black cumin, the two should not be confused … Black seed, which the sought-after oil is made from, is actually nigella sativa and not related to cumin at all. (
  • Scientific research has shown that black seed oil (Nigella sativa) is an effective treatment for cancer in animal studies, and can be as effective as anti-cancer drugs for some types of cancer. (
  • Accordingly, the wide variation in seed and diaspore longevity can be appreciated only by linking it with the various dispersal mechanisms employed as well as with the climate and its seasonal changes. (
  • The bottom line: pumpkin seeds' vitamin E content may bring us more health benefits that we would ordinarily expect due to the diverse forms of vitamin E found in this food. (
  • After the four groups of rats were exposed to the carcinogen, some groups were fed black seeds or honey, and one group was fed both black seeds and honey. (
  • The rats that ate black seeds received an 80% protection against oxidative stress and cancer formation. (
  • Whereas the rats that ate a daily dose of both honey and black seeds were protected 100% against oxidative stress, inflammatory responses, and cancer formation. (
  • One group of rats received one gram of black seed oil per kilogram of body weight one hour before the radiation and received a daily dose afterward for 10 days. (
  • Thus, the use of black seed oil before radiation treatment, and for 10 days afterward, protected the rats from some of the harmful effects of radiation. (
  • Though more human studies are needed, studies of rats have shown that chia seeds can lower certain risk factors for heart disease. (
  • Similarly, another test-tube study showed that black papaya seeds were effective in decreasing the growth of prostate cancer cells ( 12 ). (
  • She has a friend grow some of the bean seeds in Idaho and gets someone to help with the winter seed packaging, but the enterprise is as basic and homespun as it gets. (
  • Resistance of the testa to water uptake is most widespread in the bean family, the seed coats of which, usually hard, smooth, or even glassy, may, in addition, possess a waxy covering. (
  • How many years have you bean saving seeds or gardening? (