Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Clinical Clerkship: Undergraduate education programs for second- , third- , and fourth-year students in health sciences in which the students receive clinical training and experience in teaching hospitals or affiliated health centers.Mainstreaming (Education): Most frequently refers to the integration of a physically or mentally disabled child into the regular class of normal peers and provision of the appropriately determined educational program.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Physical Education and Training: Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.Education, Special: Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.Student Dropouts: Individuals who leave school, secondary or college, prior to completion of specified curriculum requirements.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Health Education: Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.Schools: Educational institutions.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Patient Education as Topic: The teaching or training of patients concerning their own health needs.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Education, Medical, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform physicians of recent advances in their field.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Students, Pharmacy: Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.Education: Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Health Promotion: Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Education, Nursing: Use for general articles concerning nursing education.Adolescent Behavior: Any observable response or action of an adolescent.Physical Fitness: The ability to carry out daily tasks and perform physical activities in a highly functional state, often as a result of physical conditioning.Education, Distance: Education via communication media (correspondence, radio, television, computer networks) with little or no in-person face-to-face contact between students and teachers. (ERIC Thesaurus, 1997)Education, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform individuals of recent advances in their particular field of interest. They do not lead to any formal advanced standing.United StatesHealth Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Education, Medical, Graduate: Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.Students, Health Occupations: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program in the health occupations.Education, Pharmacy: Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Education, Professional: Formal education and training in preparation for the practice of a profession.Sex Education: Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Competency-Based Education: Educational programs designed to ensure that students attain prespecified levels of competence in a given field or training activity. Emphasis is on achievement or specified objectives.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.Problem-Based Learning: Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Education, Nursing, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform nurses of recent advances in their fields.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Education, Dental, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.Student Health Services: Health services for college and university students usually provided by the educational institution.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Attitude of Health Personnel: Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.Education, Pharmacy, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform graduate pharmacists of recent advances in their particular field.Distance Perception: The act of knowing or the recognition of a distance by recollective thought, or by means of a sensory process which is under the influence of set and of prior experience.Career Choice: Selection of a type of occupation or profession.Educational Technology: Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Education, Dental, Graduate: Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.Education of Hearing Disabled: The teaching or training of those individuals with hearing disability or impairment.Education, Veterinary: Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.Preceptorship: Practical experience in medical and health-related services that occurs as part of an educational program wherein the professionally-trained student works outside the academic environment under the supervision of an established professional in the particular field.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Training Support: Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.Education, Nursing, Baccalaureate: A four-year program in nursing education in a college or university leading to a B.S.N. (Bachelor of Science in Nursing). Graduates are eligible for state examination for licensure as RN (Registered Nurse).Education, Pharmacy, Graduate: Educational programs for pharmacists who have a bachelor's degree or a Doctor of Pharmacy degree entering a specific field of pharmacy. They may lead to an advanced degree.Education, Nursing, Graduate: Those educational activities engaged in by holders of a bachelor's degree in nursing, which are primarily designed to prepare them for entrance into a specific field of nursing, and may lead to board certification or a more advanced degree.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Nutritional Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.Professional Competence: The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.School Admission Criteria: Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.Vocational Education: Education for specific trades or occupations.School Health Services: Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Biology: One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.Education, Premedical: Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to medical school.Patient Simulation: The use of persons coached to feign symptoms or conditions of real diseases in a life-like manner in order to teach or evaluate medical personnel.Rural Population: The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.Community Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.Peer Group: Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.Teaching Materials: Instructional materials used in teaching.Histocompatibility Antigens Class I: Membrane glycoproteins consisting of an alpha subunit and a BETA 2-MICROGLOBULIN beta subunit. In humans, highly polymorphic genes on CHROMOSOME 6 encode the alpha subunits of class I antigens and play an important role in determining the serological specificity of the surface antigen. Class I antigens are found on most nucleated cells and are generally detected by their reactivity with alloantisera. These antigens are recognized during GRAFT REJECTION and restrict cell-mediated lysis of virus-infected cells.Schools, Pharmacy: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of pharmacy.Accreditation: Certification as complying with a standard set by non-governmental organizations, applied for by institutions, programs, and facilities on a voluntary basis.Mentors: Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.Schools, Health Occupations: Schools which offer training in the area of health.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Communication: The exchange or transmission of ideas, attitudes, or beliefs between individuals or groups.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Achievement: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.Dentist-Patient Relations: The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.Osteopathic Medicine: A medical discipline that is based on the philosophy that all body systems are interrelated and dependent upon one another for good health. This philosophy, developed in 1874 by Dr. Andrew Taylor Still, recognizes the concept of "wellness" and the importance of treating illness within the context of the whole body. Special attention is placed on the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM.Students, Premedical: Individuals enrolled in a preparatory course for medical school.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Professional Role: The expected function of a member of a particular profession.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Education, Public Health Professional: Education and training in PUBLIC HEALTH for the practice of the profession.Canada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Histocompatibility Antigens Class II: Large, transmembrane, non-covalently linked glycoproteins (alpha and beta). Both chains can be polymorphic although there is more structural variation in the beta chains. The class II antigens in humans are called HLA-D ANTIGENS and are coded by a gene on chromosome 6. In mice, two genes named IA and IE on chromosome 17 code for the H-2 antigens. The antigens are found on B-lymphocytes, macrophages, epidermal cells, and sperm and are thought to mediate the competence of and cellular cooperation in the immune response. The term IA antigens used to refer only to the proteins encoded by the IA genes in the mouse, but is now used as a generic term for any class II histocompatibility antigen.Motivation: Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.Cultural Diversity: Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.International Educational Exchange: The exchange of students or professional personnel between countries done under the auspices of an organization for the purpose of further education.Perception: The process by which the nature and meaning of sensory stimuli are recognized and interpreted.Multimedia: Materials, frequently computer applications, that combine some or all of text, sound, graphics, animation, and video into integrated packages. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, 1994)Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Dental Clinics: Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.Medically Underserved Area: A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.CaliforniaAudiovisual Aids: Auditory and visual instructional materials.BrazilParents: Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.Self Care: Performance of activities or tasks traditionally performed by professional health care providers. The concept includes care of oneself or one's family and friends.Thinking: Mental activity, not predominantly perceptual, by which one apprehends some aspect of an object or situation based on past learning and experience.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.African Americans: Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Focus Groups: A method of data collection and a QUALITATIVE RESEARCH tool in which a small group of individuals are brought together and allowed to interact in a discussion of their opinions about topics, issues, or questions.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.Knowledge: The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.IndiaGroup Processes: The procedures through which a group approaches, attacks, and solves a common problem.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Personnel Selection: The process of choosing employees for specific types of employment. The concept includes recruitment.Cultural Competency: Cultural and linguistic competence is a set of congruent behaviors, attitudes, and policies that come together in a system, agency, or among professionals that enables effective work in cross-cultural situations. Competence implies the capacity to function effectively as an individual and an organization within the context of the cultural beliefs, behaviors, and needs presented by consumers and their communities.Minority Groups: A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.Needs Assessment: Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.Physicians: Individuals licensed to practice medicine.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Demography: Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.Interpersonal Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Dentistry, Operative: That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)Residence Characteristics: Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Feedback: A mechanism of communication within a system in that the input signal generates an output response which returns to influence the continued activity or productivity of that system.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Social Distance: The degree of closeness or acceptance an individual or group feels toward another individual or group.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Self-Evaluation Programs: Educational programs structured in such a manner that the participating professionals, physicians, or students develop an increased awareness of their performance, usually on the basis of self-evaluation questionnaires.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Prosthodontics: A dental specialty concerned with the restoration and maintenance of oral function by the replacement of missing TEETH and related structures by artificial devices or DENTAL PROSTHESES.Social Environment: The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.TurkeyCroatia: Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Dental Research: The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)Community-Institutional Relations: The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.Textbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.Professional Practice Location: Geographic area in which a professional person practices; includes primarily physicians and dentists.Self-Assessment: Appraisal of one's own personal qualities or traits.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Inservice Training: On the job training programs for personnel carried out within an institution or agency. It includes orientation programs.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Geriatrics: The branch of medicine concerned with the physiological and pathological aspects of the aged, including the clinical problems of senescence and senility.Technology, Dental: The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Pediatric Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Comprehension: The act or fact of grasping the meaning, nature, or importance of; understanding. (American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed) Includes understanding by a patient or research subject of information disclosed orally or in writing.Community Medicine: A branch of medicine concerned with the total health of the individual within the home environment and in the community, and with the application of comprehensive care to the prevention and treatment of illness in the entire community.Ethics, Dental: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Problem Solving: A learning situation involving more than one alternative from which a selection is made in order to attain a specific goal.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Employment: The state of being engaged in an activity or service for wages or salary.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Fellowships and Scholarships: Stipends or grants-in-aid granted by foundations or institutions to individuals for study.Self Efficacy: Cognitive mechanism based on expectations or beliefs about one's ability to perform actions necessary to produce a given effect. It is also a theoretical component of behavior change in various therapeutic treatments. (APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 1994)Great BritainOnline Systems: Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)Specialization: An occupation limited in scope to a subsection of a broader field.Pharmacists: Those persons legally qualified by education and training to engage in the practice of pharmacy.Dental Care: The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Counseling: The giving of advice and assistance to individuals with educational or personal problems.
  • A proposed Healthy People 2020 objective is to increase the proportion of the nation’s public and private schools that require daily physical education for all children. (issuu.com)
  • Students who are continuing their studies with Kingston University in 2020/21 should refer to their Course Handbook for information about specific changes that have been, or may be, made to their course or modules being delivered in 2020/21. (kingston.ac.uk)
  • 4. Considering your experience with emergency distance education implemented during Spring 2020, please select your top three priorities for distance education if it is implemented in Fall 2020. (google.com)
  • The national and provincial governments pay particular attention to guaranteeing universal access to free primary education. (unesco.org)
  • The title II 'National Educational System' of the National Law on Education, articles 26 to 28 regulate the different objectives that the National State proposes for the primary level. (unesco.org)
  • Although it is one of the poorest countries in the world, Malawi promises children universal public access to eight years of primary education ( Tietjen, 1995 ). (vt.edu)
  • Stage 2 will allow additional businesses and services to reopen and resume operations with 2 metre physical distancing requirements and other public health guidelines in place - timing to be determined. (cysticfibrosis.ca)
  • Indoor gym facilities that offer services such as weight training, gymnastics, martial arts, yoga and dance studios can reopen May 19 if they meet physical distancing requirements. (ctvnews.ca)
  • This study identified the important factors influencing faculty members' decision to use or not to use any form of online course management applications (OCMA) in higher education. (westga.edu)
  • Additionally, this study suggested specific ways in which administrators might play an important role in supporting faculty members' decisions toward online education. (westga.edu)
  • Today, many faculty members are aware of the value and effectiveness of online education (Elaine & Seaman, 2006). (westga.edu)
  • With the growth of OCMA, the demands of online learning, and the growth of online courses and programs, there is a need to understand faculty members' attitudes about online education. (westga.edu)
  • Online policies and procedures are not only used to improve student achievement from online learning but are also used to motivate and support faculty about online teaching. (westga.edu)
  • What is the level of faculty use of OCMA as an enhancement to online instruction or distance instruction? (westga.edu)
  • TRU is guided by the principle that the health and wellbeing of students, staff and faculty is paramount above all other considerations in accordance with guidance from the Provincial Health Officer. (tru.ca)
  • Inside Higher Ed - Offers free online news and job information for college and university faculty, adjuncts, graduate students, and administrators. (hinduwebsite.com)
  • Faculty can record and save classes, arrange virtual office hours, create spaces for assignments, and answer questions. (cisco.com)
  • Oregon State University offers one of the nation's top 10 most affordable online bachelor's degrees for out-of-state students, with tuition of just $191 per credit regardless of where you live (an $80 distance learning fee boosts that number to $271 for most programs). (thesimpledollar.com)
  • International Association for Management Education (AACSB) - Accrediting agency for bachelor's, master's and doctoral degree programs in business administration and accounting. (hinduwebsite.com)
  • In order to facilitate the registration process, make sure you meet all of the requirements to be an online student at Isothermal Community College. (isothermal.edu)
  • State Authorization is a legal issue dealing with a college's adherence to state requirements for colleges to secure authorization to offer instruction in that state. (isothermal.edu)
  • Compliance with individual state requirements is now part of the Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008, Amended 2010. (isothermal.edu)
  • If your career requires continuing education credits then online certificate programs are perfect for meeting those requirements while providing you with additional great skills to add to your resume. (einet.net)
  • Students need to complete an internship at a pharmacy as part of the graduation requirements for most pharmacy related degrees. (excite.com)
  • In addition to this, students have to meet the following requirements before applying to the Pharm.D program. (excite.com)
  • In states that do not have legislation or regulations providing specific and strong requirements for gifted education (i.e., individually defined and enforceable rights akin to those under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act [IDEA]), the "case law" -the published hearing/review officer and court decisions concerning who is eligible as gifted and, for those who are eligible, what is their educational entitlement-has been adverse to plaintiff-parents (Zirkel, 2004). (redorbit.com)
  • When it comes to matriculating at ESADE, you must provide documentary proof that you meet the academic requirements for university entrance in the education system in which you received secondary schooling. (esade.edu)
  • Students from education systems of the European Union, China, Switzerland, Norway or countries that have signed international agreements with Spain, and (as well as) students who have the International or European Baccalaureate must present the credential issued by UNEDasiss and meet the university entry requirements of their country of origin. (esade.edu)
  • UNEDasiss is responsible for the verification of compliance with the university access requirements for students from the above-mentioned education systems and the issuance of the appropriate accreditation. (esade.edu)
  • In the girls race Ava Fitzgerald and Leah Dunne had a great race over their 2000 meter distance to eventually finish first and third respectively. (google.com)
  • According to the Empire Center, a conservative think tank, the state has lost about 250,000 students since 2000 - although the decline has not been as sharp in Jefferson, Lewis and St. Lawrence counties as other upstate rural areas in that time. (empirecenter.org)
  • Explore all the academic opportunities available to your student. (andrews.edu)
  • As students from across the world explore their similarities and differences, common interests spark electronic connections. (cni.org)
  • The second category, analogous to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and only proposed in the literature for the federal level, is mandatory and individually oriented. (redorbit.com)
  • That planning and guiding the work, whether provided by the teaching organization or the student, are necessary for organized study, which is characterized by explicit or implicit goal conceptions (Holmberg, 1995, p.47). (educationdocbox.com)
  • The regulation says vocational education for the disabled should focus on skill cultivation and career guidance. (cri.cn)
  • While TRU plans to offer our full breadth of courses this fall, we will do so in alignment with the maximum group size, physical distancing and any other guidance or order issued by the Provincial Health Officer, various ministries, and public health agencies. (tru.ca)
  • Each group of students receives a pvc half-pipe that they partially fill with a sand-gravel mixture to create a stream bed. (carleton.edu)
  • By the time my students are assembled and the alarm on the exterior door is disabled in preparation for our departure, I've already calculated the likely success of lesson plans A through E and have hastily cobbled together H and I in response to the emotional temperature of the group. (creativenonfiction.org)
  • Students can attend class from anywhere, work on group projects, and connect. (cisco.com)
  • Students in first, second and third grades would start the hybrid model on Nov. 16, while those in fourth through 12th grades would begin the hybrid model on Nov. 30. (tulsaworld.com)
  • If COVID-19 conditions improve, prekindergarteners and kindergarteners still would begin the hybrid model on Nov. 9, and students in first through third grades still would start the hybrid model on Nov. 16. (tulsaworld.com)
  • Sure, these students knew monsters: a few of the smaller horrors slipped through the cracks in their defenses-divorce, bad grades, the death of a pet. (creativenonfiction.org)
  • Turkey has taken several positive steps to meet its obligations by lifting legal barriers to Syrian children's access to formal education. (hrw.org)
  • Prospective students can arrange a campus visit, including a meeting with an advisor and a guided tour. (alberta.ca)
  • Thus far, only a handful of states have chosen this model, usually with partial differentiation from the framework for students with disabilities. (redorbit.com)
  • The board is yet to announce an assessment scheme for the exams that are not being conducted for foreign students and children with special needs. (successcds.net)
  • Online Classes is dedicated to bringing you the absolute best resources and online educational tools. (einet.net)
  • Discover valuable resources to help your clients, students, children and the people in your community as they plan and achieve their career goals in Alberta. (alberta.ca)
  • Does the July 27 revised Public Health order mean we will be adjusting how we will offer classes in the fall and having more face-to-face instruction? (tru.ca)
  • Our goal remains the same, and that is that any child, regardless of zip code, has access to a top quality public education," Mr. Korn said. (empirecenter.org)
  • Students residing outside the State of North Carolina while taking online courses from Isothermal Community College who desire to resolve an academic grievance or complaint should first follow Isothermal Community College's Student Complaint Process. (isothermal.edu)
  • The team of senior education stakeholders proposes to reorganise the academic calendar such that the second term starts in October and ends in November, and the third term starts in January and ends in March. (allafrica.com)
  • It's one of the smallest classes in Transnistria this academic year. (opendemocracy.net)
  • However, the recommendation differs from the first scenario in that all students from prekindergarten through 12th grade would transition to or begin in-person instruction on Nov. 30. (tulsaworld.com)
  • This project has been discussed in conjunction with the Vocational Education Planning District's Project Progress and has been included in the Project Progress plan. (osc.edu)
  • For example, Passow and Rudnitski (1993) analyzed various components of state gifted education policies, including philosophy or rationale, identification procedures, and program elements. (redorbit.com)
  • For working adults trying to balance the demands of a job and family life on top of getting an education, the ability to work through the material at your own pace is invaluable. (thesimpledollar.com)
  • This report is the first of a three-part series addressing the urgent issue of access to education for Syrian refugee schoolchildren in Turkey, Jordan, and Lebanon. (hrw.org)