ScotlandGreat BritainHebrides: A group of islands in the Atlantic Ocean west of Scotland, comprising the Outer Hebrides and the Inner Hebrides.EnglandWalesSocial Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.State Medicine: A system of medical care regulated, controlled and financed by the government, in which the government assumes responsibility for the health needs of the population.Asphyxia: A pathological condition caused by lack of oxygen, manifested in impending or actual cessation of life.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Public Facilities: An area of recreation or hygiene for use by the public.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Family Practice: A medical specialty concerned with the provision of continuing, comprehensive primary health care for the entire family.SulfonesErectile Dysfunction: The inability in the male to have a PENILE ERECTION due to psychological or organ dysfunction.Penile Erection: The state of the PENIS when the erectile tissue becomes filled or swollen (tumid) with BLOOD and causes the penis to become rigid and elevated. It is a complex process involving CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM; PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEMS; HORMONES; SMOOTH MUSCLES; and vascular functions.Purines: A series of heterocyclic compounds that are variously substituted in nature and are known also as purine bases. They include ADENINE and GUANINE, constituents of nucleic acids, as well as many alkaloids such as CAFFEINE and THEOPHYLLINE. Uric acid is the metabolic end product of purine metabolism.Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors: Compounds that specifically inhibit PHOSPHODIESTERASE 5.PiperazinesEncyclopedias as Topic: Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Local Government: Smallest political subdivisions within a country at which general governmental functions are carried-out.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Chief Executive Officers, Hospital: Individuals who have the formal authority to manage a hospital, including its programs and services, in accordance with the goals and objectives established by a governing body (GOVERNING BOARD).Breeding: The production of offspring by selective mating or HYBRIDIZATION, GENETIC in animals or plants.Cattle: Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Food Dispensers, Automatic: Mechanical food dispensing machines.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Postal Service: The functions and activities carried out by the U.S. Postal Service, foreign postal services, and private postal services such as Federal Express.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Schools: Educational institutions.Suggestion: The uncritical acceptance of an idea or plan of action.Friends: Persons whom one knows, likes, and trusts.Imitative Behavior: The mimicking of the behavior of one individual by another.Friend murine leukemia virus: A strain of Murine leukemia virus (LEUKEMIA VIRUS, MURINE) producing leukemia of the reticulum-cell type with massive infiltration of liver, spleen, and bone marrow. It infects DBA/2 and Swiss mice.Concept Formation: A cognitive process involving the formation of ideas generalized from the knowledge of qualities, aspects, and relations of objects.Bacteriology: The study of the structure, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of bacteria, and BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.IrelandSocieties, Pharmaceutical: Societies whose membership is limited to pharmacists.Geography: The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)Spheniscidae: The sole family in the order Sphenisciformes, comprised of 17 species of penguins in six genera. They are flightless seabirds of the Southern Hemisphere, highly adapted for marine life.Lutheran Blood-Group System: A complex blood group system having pairs of alternate antigens and amorphic genes, but also subject to a dominant independently segregating repressor.Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems: A concept, developed in 1983 under the aegis of and supported by the National Library of Medicine under the name of Integrated Academic Information Management Systems, to provide professionals in academic health sciences centers and health sciences institutions with convenient access to an integrated and comprehensive network of knowledge. It addresses a wide cross-section of users from administrators and faculty to students and clinicians and has applications to planning, clinical and managerial decision-making, teaching, and research. It provides access to various types of clinical, management, educational, etc., databases, as well as to research and bibliographic databases. In August 1992 the name was changed from Integrated Academic Information Management Systems to Integrated Advanced Information Management Systems to reflect use beyond the academic milieu.Protestantism: The name given to all Christian denominations, sects, or groups rising out of the Reformation. Protestant churches generally agree that the principle of authority should be the Scriptures rather than the institutional church or the pope. (from W.L. Reese, Dictionary of Philosophy and Religion, 1999)Clergy: Persons ordained for religious duties, who serve as leaders and perform religious services.Christianity: The religion stemming from the life, teachings, and death of Jesus Christ: the religion that believes in God as the Father Almighty who works redemptively through the Holy Spirit for men's salvation and that affirms Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior who proclaimed to man the gospel of salvation. (From Webster, 3d ed)Catholicism: The Christian faith, practice, or system of the Catholic Church, specifically the Roman Catholic, the Christian church that is characterized by a hierarchic structure of bishops and priests in which doctrinal and disciplinary authority are dependent upon apostolic succession, with the pope as head of the episcopal college. (From Webster, 3d ed; American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed)New YorkEating Disorders: A group of disorders characterized by physiological and psychological disturbances in appetite or food intake.Eating: The consumption of edible substances.Feeding Behavior: Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Food: Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.

Do housing tenure and car access predict health because they are simply markers of income or self esteem? A Scottish study. (1/3242)

OBJECTIVE: To investigate relations between health (using a range of measures) and housing tenure or car access; and to test the hypothesis that observed relations between these asset based measures and health are simply because they are markers for income or self esteem. DESIGN: Analysis of data from second wave of data collection of West of Scotland Twenty-07 study, collected in 1991 by face to face interviews conducted by nurse interviewers. SETTING: The Central Clydeside Conurbation, in the West of Scotland. SUBJECTS: 785 people (354 men, 431 women) in their late 30s, and 718 people (358 men, 359 women) in their late 50s, participants in a longitudinal study. MEASURES: General Health Questionnaire scores, respiratory function, waist/hip ratio, number of longstanding illnesses, number of symptoms in the last month, and systolic blood pressure; household income adjusted for household size and composition; Rosenberg self esteem score; housing tenure and care access. RESULTS: On bivariate analysis, all the health measures were significantly associated with housing tenure, and all except waist/hip ratio with car access; all except waist/hip ratio were related to income, and all except systolic blood pressure were related to self esteem. In models controlling for age, sex, and their interaction, neither waist/hip ratio nor systolic blood pressure remained significantly associated with tenure or care access. Significant relations with all the remaining health measures persisted after further controlling for income or self esteem. CONCLUSIONS: Housing tenure and car access may not only be related to health because they are markers for income or psychological traits; they may also have some directly health promoting or damaging effects. More research is needed to establish mechanisms by which they may influence health, and to determine the policy implications of their association with health.  (+info)

Computer use by general practitioners in Scotland. (2/3242)

BACKGROUND: Despite the widespread adoption by general practitioners (GPs) of desktop computers, there has been very little evaluation of the way in which the computer is actually used during consultations and the way in which it affects patient satisfaction. AIM: To ascertain the extent to which the computer is used in the consultation and to investigate the possible relationship between computer use and patient satisfaction. METHOD: Six GPs completed a short questionnaire about the extent to which they use the computer during surgeries. Eighty-four consultations from the surgeries of these GPs were video recorded. Patient satisfaction data on these 84 patients were collected at the time of the surgery using the previously validated Consultation Satisfaction Questionnaire. RESULTS: All six GPs stated that they usually used the computer during consultations. However, video observation revealed that the computer was used in just 51% of surgeries. The proportion of time that the computer was used for varied from 0.03 to 0.4, with a mean value of 0.12. The commonest function for which the computer was used was prescribing. The consultations in which the computer was used (CU) were on average 148 seconds longer than the non-computerized consultations (NCU). There was no difference in patient satisfaction between the two groups. CONCLUSION: Despite this group of GPs having a self-declared interest in the use of computers, the extent to which the computer was used was much lower than expected from the GPs' self-reported use. This may be partly explained by the fact that using the computer takes up valuable time within the consultation and does not appear to contribute to patient satisfaction. If desktop computers are to be used to their full potential in general practice, more work is required to evaluate their impact on the consultation process itself.  (+info)

Does the availability of prescribed drugs affect rates of self poisoning? (3/3242)

The trends in self-poisoning rates and in rates of prescribing of the major drug groups were compared. Over the period 1981-91, barbiturate prescribing and self poisoning both fell by 80%; for antidepressants, prescribing increased by over 40% and self poisoning by 30%; for antipsychotics, both rose by 30%; for benzodiazepines, poisoning fell by 30% and prescribing by 20%. Even for analgesic drugs, which are also available over the counter, there was a correspondence between changes in self poisoning and prescribing. The availability of prescribed drugs is directly related to their use for self poisoning. Restricting the availability of these drugs is a possible preventative strategy, although further research on this is needed.  (+info)

Good health care: patient and professional perspectives. (4/3242)

Many health needs assessment exercises are professionally led, employing complex epidemiological methods. An alternative method that gives valuable information about patient preferences is a forced-choice questionnaire, which this study used in five practices in the West of Scotland. In each practice, patient-centred care was the most highly valued attribute of service provision.  (+info)

Failing firefighters: a survey of causes of death and ill-health retirement in serving firefighters in Strathclyde, Scotland from 1985-94. (5/3242)

During the decade beginning 1 January 1985, 887 full-time firefighters, all male, left the service of Strathclyde Fire Brigade (SFB). There were 17 deaths--compared to 64.4 expected in the Scottish male population aged 15-54 years--giving a standardized mortality ratio (SMR) of 26, and 488 ill-health retirements (IHR). None of the deaths was attributable to service, the major causes being: myocardial infarction--five, (expected = 17.3; SMR = 29); cancers--three (colon, kidney and lung) (expected = 13.6; SMR = 22); road traffic accidents--two (expected = 4.17; SMR = 48) and suicide--two (expected = 4.9; SMR = 41). Amalgamating the deaths and IHRs showed that the six most common reasons for IHR were musculoskeletal (n = 202, 40%), ocular (n = 61, 12.1%), 'others' (n = 58, 11.5%), injuries (n = 50, 9.9%), heart disease (n = 48, 9.5%) and mental disorders (n = 45, 8.9%). Over 300 IHRs (over 60%) occurred after 20 or more years service. When the IHRs were subdivided into two quinquennia, there were 203 and 302 in each period. Mean length of service during each quinquennium was 19.4 vs. 21.3 years (p = 0.003) and median length was 21 years in both periods; interquartile range was 12-26 years in the first and 17-27 years in the second period (p = 0.002), but when further broken down into diagnostic categories, the differences were not statistically significant, with the exception of means of IHRs attributed to mental disorders (14.5 vs. 19 years, p = 0.03).  (+info)

Geographic, demographic, and socioeconomic variations in the investigation and management of coronary heart disease in Scotland. (6/3242)

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether age, sex, level of deprivation, and area of residence affect the likelihood of investigation and treatment of patients with coronary heart disease. DESIGN, PATIENTS, AND INTERVENTIONS: Routine discharge data were used to identify patients admitted with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) between 1991 and 1993 inclusive. Record linkage provided the proportion undergoing angiography, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) over the following two years. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to determine whether age, sex, deprivation, and area of residence were independently associated with progression to investigation and revascularisation. SETTING: Mainland Scotland 1991 to 1995 inclusive. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Two year incidence of angiography, PTCA, and CABG. Results-36 838 patients were admitted with AMI. 4831 (13%) underwent angiography, 587 (2%) PTCA, and 1825 (5%) CABG. Women were significantly less likely to undergo angiography (p < 0.001) and CABG (p < 0.001) but more likely to undergo PTCA (p < 0.05). Older patients were less likely to undergo all three procedures (p < 0.001). Socioeconomic deprivation was associated with a reduced likelihood of both angiography and CABG (p < 0.001). There were significant geographic variations in all three modalities (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Variations in investigation and management were demonstrated by age, sex, geography, and socioeconomic deprivation. These are unlikely to be accounted for by differences in need; differences in clinical practice are, therefore, likely.  (+info)

Factors influencing tackle injuries in rugby union football. (7/3242)

OBJECTIVES: To assess the influence of selected aspects of lifestyle, personality, and other player related factors on injuries in the tackle. To describe the detailed circumstances in which these tackles occurred. METHODS: A prospective case-control study was undertaken in which the tackling and tackled players ("the cases") involved in a tackle injury were each matched with "control" players who held the same respective playing positions in the opposing teams. A total of 964 rugby matches involving 71 senior clubs drawn from all districts of the Scottish Rugby Union (SRU) were observed by nominated linkmen who administered self report questionnaires to the players identified as cases and controls. Information on lifestyle habits, match preparation, training, and coaching experience was obtained. A validated battery of psychological tests assessed players' trait anger and responses to anger and hostility. The circumstances of the tackles in which injury occurred were recorded by experienced SRU coaching staff in interviews with involved players after the match. RESULTS: A total of 71 tackle injury episodes with correct matching of cases and controls were studied. The following player related factors did not contribute significantly to tackle injuries: alcohol consumption before the match, feeling "below par" through minor illness, the extent of match preparation, previous coaching, or practising tackling. Injured and non-injured players in the tackle did not differ in their disposition toward, or expression of, anger or hostility. Some 85% of tackling players who were injured were three quarters, and 52% of injuries occurred when the tackle came in behind the tackled player or within his peripheral vision. Either the tackling or tackled player was sprinting or running in all of these injury episodes. One third of injuries occurred in differential speed tackles--that is, when one player was travelling much faster than the other at impact. The player with the lower momentum was injured in 80% of these cases. Forceful or crunching tackles resulting in injury mostly occurred head on or within the tackled player's side vision. CONCLUSIONS: Attention should be focused on high speed tackles going in behind the tackled player's line of vision. Comparative information on the circumstances of the vast majority of tackles in which no injury occurs is required before any changes are considered to reduce injuries in the tackle.  (+info)

Prevalence of angiographic atherosclerotic renal artery disease and its relationship to the anatomical extent of peripheral vascular atherosclerosis. (8/3242)

BACKGROUND: Recognition of the possible presence of atherosclerotic renal artery disease (ARAD) is important because of its progressive nature, and because of the potential for precipitating an acute deterioration in renal function by administration of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. The aim of this study was to identify the prevalence of ARAD in patients undergoing peripheral angiography and its relationship to the extent of their peripheral vascular disease (PVD). METHODS: The reports of the 218 patients who underwent peripheral angiography to investigate PVD in one centre in a calendar year, and in whom it was possible to image the renal arteries, were analysed retrospectively. The presence of atherosclerotic disease in the renal, aortic, iliac, femoral and distal areas was recorded for each patient. RESULTS: The prevalence of ARAD was 79/218 (36.2%). The greater the number of atherosclerotic areas of the arterial tree, the higher the prevalence of ARAD. Patients with aortic disease and bilateral iliac, femoral and distal vessel disease had the highest incidence of ARAD 19/38 (50%). The incidence of ARAD in those with femoral artery atherosclerosis was significantly higher than in those without femoral artery atherosclerosis (42.1% compared with 9.7%, P=0.001 chi2). There was no significant difference in those groups with or without iliac and distal disease. None of the 11 patients with normal femoral and iliac arteries had ARAD. CONCLUSIONS: Renal artery atherosclerosis is a common occurrence in patients with PVD. If extensive PVD is recognized during aortography, a high flush should be considered to examine the renal arteries, if they are not included in the main study.  (+info)

  • Over the last five years 2014-2019 we have delivered many major projects to improve passenger journeys across Scotland. (
  • At National Museums Scotland we aim to share our collections and expertise as widely as possible through research, loans, advice and training. (
  • With Membership to National Museums Scotland, you will enjoy fantastic savings, with free entry to our museums, exhibitions, big days out, and access to exclusive Member events and discounts. (
  • If you're Clare Waight Keller of Pringle of Scotland, then you deconstruct classic gingham weaves and knit the strips into cables and cardigans. (
  • Turning Point Scotland STV advert 2016 - Duration: 31 seconds. (
  • The Homeless World Cup in Glasgow 2016 on STV Supported by Turning Point Scotland - Duration: 11 seconds. (
  • Wiki contributors, "Shires of Scotland," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia , , accessed 30 August 2018. (
  • Pubs, restaurants, gyms, and non-essential shops will close in 11 council areas of Scotland, including Glasgow, from Friday, in a bid to reduce pressure on the health system, First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has announced. (
  • In the 1960s, the city of Glasgow, Scotland , built new housing projects that were far from th. (
  • CIH Scotland and Glasgow Homelessness Network (GHN) have launched new joint guidance for Scotland's social housing professionals on Housing First. (
  • neighbouring towns of Motherwell and Wishaw , North Lanarkshire council area, historic county of Lanarkshire, west-central Scotland, on the southeastern periphery of the Glasgow metropolitan area. (
  • A friend was down to her last four hours in Scotland, waiting between trains at the Glasgow station and dreading to leave without hearing a bagpipe. (
  • We cover festivals and sessions from all genres of music in Scotland, from dubstep to bagpipes. (
  • In this widely praised book, T. M. Devine - acclaimed author of The Scottish Nation and To the Ends of the Earth: Scotland's Global Diaspora - traces the vital part Scotland played in creating an empire - and the fundamental effect this had in moulding the modern Scottish nation. (
  • Scotland's first minister insists there is a "very, very powerful argument" for Scotland to retain use of sterling. (
  • Network Rail Scotland looks after Scotland's Railway infrastructure, and together with Abellio ScotRail, our partners in the ScotRail Alliance we are committed to putting passengers and freight customers at the heart of how we run Scotland's Railway. (
  • Secessionist movements learn lessons from Scotland vote Scotland's bid to secede from the United Kingdom may have fallen short, but its failure has not deterred other secessionist movements around the globe. (
  • An energetic and popular ruler, he unified Scotland under royal control, strengthened royal finances, and improved Scotland's position in European politics. (
  • Our commitment is to improve food safety and standards in Scotland and protect the health of Scotland's population in relation to food. (
  • Scotland has been seeking independence from England for centuries. (
  • The spiritual independence of the Church of Scotland was recognized by Acts of Parliament in 1921 and 1925. (
  • Instead he wants Scotland to be linked to notions such as integrity, inventiveness, tenacity and independence of spirit. (
  • A damp night in St Andrews, and some 120 people are gathered in a lecture theatre in the university's physics department to listen to the head of Yes Scotland, the umbrella group campaigning for Scottish independence. (
  • Secessionist leaders from Italy to Spain to Belgium closely analyzed the independence campaign in Scotland and are already breaking down the polling numbers and strategies used there. (
  • The "Yes" independence campaign in Scotland had a multi-faceted approach, arguing that the cultural identity of Scotland combined with its economic might should propel voters to push for independence. (
  • A few years before giving up its independence, Scotland took a bold gamble to secure a brighter future, founding a colony on the isthmus of. (
  • Rhynd is a parish containing a post-office station of its name, at the foot of Strathearn, in Perthshire, Scotland. (
  • In the North and North East of Scotland we have carried out improvements between Aberdeen-Inverness and to the Highland Main Line that will bring real benefits to Inverness and communities along those railway corridors. (
  • The engineering sector in Scotland employs 94,600 people (about 4% of all Scottish jobs) in 6,090 establishments. (
  • 91% of engineering establishments in Scotland employ less than 50 people. (
  • Over 8,000 people were recruited into the engineering sector in Scotland during March 2006/07, representing 8.7% of total employment. (
  • Age Scotland is the national charity for older people. (
  • Many older people in Scotland do not receive the benefits they are entitled to - including 1/3 of the people who are entitled to Pension Credit because they have a low income. (
  • A free guide to claiming social security benefits and grants for older people in Scotland. (
  • Samaritans Scotland is calling for better care for people in crisis and those at risk of suicide. (
  • So at WWF, we're fighting to restore habitats and species and to build a Scotland where people and nature can thrive - a cleaner, fairer, flourishing environment. (
  • CIH Scotland has launched a new practice guide to help housing practitioners offer suitable support to people affected by dementia. (
  • There are several histories of the book and bookbinding in Scotland, special exhibits on key events and people in the history of Scotland (Mary Queen of Scots, Churchill, and World War I), and an exhibit on the history of photography. (
  • Every year around 31,900 people in Scotland are diagnosed with cancer - around 87 people every day. (
  • Missio Scotland empowers local people to form and sustain communities of faith. (
  • Other characteristics that attract droves of visitors include golf (the game was created in Scotland and it has some of the world's best and most famous courses), whisky (many distilleries can be visited), family history (millions worldwide are descended from those who emigrated from Scotland when times were tough in the 18th and 19th centuries), hiking, wildlife and winter sports. (
  • The collection of maps (one of the world's 10 largest) offers viewers nearly 800 browsable and zoomable maps organized into four groupings: "Maps of Scotland, 1560-1928," "Pont's Maps of Scotland, 1583-1596," "Military Maps of Scotland (18th century)," and "Ordnance Survey town plans, 1847-1895. (
  • For the latest updates and to engage with CIPD Scotland follow up on Twitter , LinkedIn and Facebook . (
  • Some links explore the history of Scotland through maps or profiles of famous Scottish writers (Burns, Stevenson, and a photographic exhibit of contemporary writers such as JK Rowlings). (
  • and Scots, a Germanic language spoken in Lowland Scotland and parts of Ulster.Since English is the newer of. (
  • As well as the English, a further 60,000 citizens of the European Union living in Scotland can therefore vote, but not the 800,000 Scots living in other parts of the UK. (
  • The 'product' description lists Scotland as "Protestant with a unisex dress code," in reference to the Scots' affection for wearing kilts, before going on to say that it has "some cosmetic damage but otherwise in excellent condition. (
  • As you might imagine, most non-Scots (and many natives) are quick to reject a dish of innards, so many restaurants in Scotland prepare a more palatable version of haggis for their squeamish visitors: its cooked in pots instead of stomachs and uses choice cuts of meat instead of the awful offal. (
  • It is indeed sufficiently ascertained, that at the Peace of Northampton, in 1328, it was agreed that the famous stone of Scone, on which the kings of Scotland were wont to sit at their coronation, should be restored to the Scots : 2 and it seems 1 Appendix, No. (
  • NHS Health Scotland, Samaritans in Scotland, the Health and Social Care Academy (part of the Health. (
  • 20% of engineering establishments in Scotland had hard-to-fill vacancies over that period (17% for UK engineering). (
  • The UK's Office for National Statistics has announced that the number of Covid-19 infections in England and Scotland have "levelled off" in recent weeks, while the rate is decreasing in Wales and Northern Ireland. (
  • To the south, in the kingdom of England , the Earls of Bernicia and Northumbria , whose predecessors as kings of Northumbria had once ruled most of southern Scotland, still controlled large parts of the south-east. (
  • in 1643 the Solemn League and Covenant was signed in England as well as Scotland. (
  • In 1689, with William and Mary on the throne of England, religious liberty was secured, and the Act of Settlement (1690) ensured the establishment of the Presbyterian Church of Scotland. (
  • Confirmation of its status was made in 1707, when the kingdoms of Scotland and England were united. (
  • A merger proposed in the 1960s between the Church of England, the Church of Scotland, the Presbyterian Church of England, and the Episcopal Church of Scotland did not take place. (
  • The Enforcement Handbook (Scotland), issued on 1 October 1998 has been extensively revised and updated and is now re-published as the Enforcement Guide (Scotland) with its relationship to the Enforcement Guide (England & Wales) made much clearer. (
  • England and Scotland are beautiful countries with both amazing natural. (
  • Do not to refer to Scotland as England, or to Scottish as English - it is very likely to cause serious offence! (
  • The 1698 venture ended in tragedy, helping to push Scotland into political union with England and form the United Kingdom. (
  • This describes the main features of the climate of Eastern Scotland, comprising the Borders, the Lothians, Falkirk, Clackmannanshire, Fife and the former regions of Tayside and Grampian. (
  • The average number of days with air frost in Eastern Scotland varies from less than 40 a year on the coast of Fife to more than 90 a year over the higher ground of the Lammermuir Hills and Grampians. (
  • Scotland is a country which is part of the United Kingdom (UK). (
  • Put away the switches and canes - Scotland is expected to be the first country in the UK to ban smacking children. (
  • Scotland is a beautiful country well-known for its dramatic scenery of mountains and valleys, rolling hills, green fields and forests, and rugged coastline. (
  • The clock is ticking, literally, on the websites of Yes Scotland and the pro-Union campaign group Better Together - days, hours, minutes and seconds, reducing to that fateful day, Thursday September 18 2014, when residents of Scotland will be asked: "Should Scotland be an independent country? (
  • Due to recent political and economical indifferences the UK and Scotland have decided to go separate ways so this is your chance to get your hands on a ready made country. (
  • Scotland may be a small country within the United Kingdom but it has a clear identity and culture (and accent! (
  • This is Scotland, a country that, despite being steeped in modernity, has never lost sight of its rich cultural history. (
  • in history for not wearing the proper tartan, but Scotland 's historians will set you straight. (
  • Scotland has lively and friendly cities, often of great architectural significance, and a rich history and heritage dating back thousands of years with many ancient and historic sites. (
  • The president of the European Commission thinks an independent Scotland will find it very difficult to join the EU. (
  • Celebrate all things Scottish with our Wild and Majestic collection, find a place in your home for the iconic Lewis chesspieces or discover our range of jewellery, based on treasures from the National Museum of Scotland. (
  • Find out how MSPs can support our efforts to scale down cancer in Scotland. (
  • The Scottish Fire and Rescue Service has launched a new fire safety campaign which provides an update on the fire safety work which is continuing in Scotland following the recent events at Grenfell Tower in London. (
  • Our current campaign is focused on tackling obesity in Scotland. (
  • On Wednesday, the vote that could sunder the United Kingdom forever will be one year away, and if the margin between Yes and No is tight, English-born residents of Scotland could play a decisive role in the outcome. (
  • Gray Seal, Halichoerus grypus, at the ferry dock in Uig (Isle of Skye, Scotland). (
  • tags: Callanis Stone Circle, Callanish, Isle of Lewis Scotland, Image of the Day Detail of one of the Callanish stones. (
  • Strathclyde, Lothian and Borders and Central Scotland police forces advised against travel on Tuesday as deep snow and icy conditions left main roads impassable. (
  • Scotland became a regular for the Magpies in 2002, playing 19 matches through the season, including fourteen consecutively after Round 12. (
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  • The Division of Health Psychology (DHP) Scotland, the Scottish Branch of the Division of Health Psychology, is here to represent and support its members, and is committed to improving and promoting health, health-care and illness outcomes in Scotland, using psychological theories, methods and evidence. (
  • Welcome to the West of Scotland Branch. (
  • The West of Scotland Branch forms part of CIPD Scotland, along with three other Scottish Branches. (
  • Elected annually by our members, our volunteers bring a wealth of talent and diversity to the West of Scotland Branch. (
  • The branch provides a regular newsletter and an annual programme of events to appeal to the broad range of interests of our members in the West of Scotland. (
  • Scotland has been praised for groundbreaking legislation requiring public buildings and schools to make period products available for free. (
  • The most extensive break occurred in 1843, when the Free Church of Scotland was formed under the leadership of Thomas Chalmers . (
  • In 1900 this body merged with the Free Church to form the United Free Church of Scotland, which in 1929 rejoined the Church of Scotland. (
  • FactCheck: a nuke-free Scotland? (
  • In Northern Scotland the frost-free season is often as little as 3 months, as shown by the average frequencies of air and ground frost at Lerwick and Inverness. (
  • AP: "Brave" is animated, but does the landscape feel like the real Scotland? (
  • Before moist eyes could dry from "Scotland the Brave" he swung into "Jesus Christ, Superstar. (
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  • Back in the 1950s, the BRI's future food historian, Jeff Cheek, took a trip to Scotland while on one of his clandestine missions with the CIA. (
  • With more than 11,000 CIPD members across Scotland, we sit at the heart of a proud, growing community of practitioners, members, partners, policymakers and thought leaders in the world of work. (
  • We are proud to work with employers across the public, private and third sector to build and support their development strategy for HR and L&D professionals across Scotland. (
  • We work to improve the lives of everyone over the age of 50 in Scotland, so that they can love later life. (
  • Here at CIH Scotland, we work to shape housing and community agendas to support our members. (
  • We work with MSPs across all political parties to ensure that cancer issues are high on the agenda - and that includes campaigning on issues that will help us beat cancer sooner in Scotland. (
  • The officials who will carry out the Agency's work in Scotland comprise the Director Scotland (Professor Charles Milne) and some 70 members of staff with a wide range of skills and expertise. (
  • Shire' is an old Anglo-Saxon word designating a county or district, which was integrated into Scotland by the English. (
  • this match resulted, a century later, in the accession of James's great-grandson, the Stuart monarch James VI of Scotland, to the English throne as King James I . (
  • You might know that the tartan patterns of Scotland 's kilts are very important to the clans who wear. (
  • It would not be forgotten, that among the clans of Scotland , beacon fires used to be lit by concerted signals from crag to crag, in living volumes of flame, yet expiring even in its own fierceness, and sinking into ashes as the fagots which fed them were consumed. (
  • On hand to witness the Norwegian beavers' liberation this morning was Scottish Minister for the Environment, Roseanna Cunningham, who said: "Welcoming beavers back to Scotland marks a historic day for conservation. (
  • This describes the main features of the climate of Northern Scotland, comprising Highland Region, the Western Isles, Orkney and Shetland. (
  • Scotland won because it provided a more familiar environment for their children and, in any case, it would soon be as politically distant from Westminster as Normandy is. (
  • FactCheck Q&A: Has Westminster broken its promise to Scotland? (
  • I believe that Scotland isn't governed by democratic means due to our lack of representation in Westminster and that we would be better off as an independent nation, both culturally and financially," she said. (