Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.
Authors' withdrawal or disavowal of their participation in performing research or writing the results of their study.
Passing off as one's own the work of another without credit.
Violation of laws, regulations, or professional standards.
An office of the UNITED STATES PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE organized in June 1992 to promote research integrity and investigate misconduct in research supported by the Public Health Service. It consolidates the Office of Scientific Integrity of the National Institutes of Health and the Office of Scientific Integrity Review in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health.
Simultaneous or successive publishing of identical or near- identical material in two or more different sources without acknowledgment. It differs from reprinted publication in that a reprint cites sources. It differs from PLAGIARISM in that duplicate publication is the product of the same authorship while plagiarism publishes a work or parts of a work of another as one's own.
The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of nurses themselves, their patients, and their fellow practitioners, as well as their actions in the care of patients and in relations with their families.
Societies whose membership is limited to nurses.
Those individuals engaged in research.
The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.
Control which is exerted by the more stable organizations of society, such as established institutions and the law. They are ordinarily embodied in definite codes, usually written.
The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.
A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.
Branch of psychiatry concerned with problems related to the prevention, diagnosis, etiology, and treatment of mental or emotional disorders of Armed Forces personnel.
A constituent organization of the DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES concerned with protecting and improving the health of the nation.
Research carried out by nurses in the clinical setting and designed to provide information that will help improve patient care. Other professional staff may also participate in the research.
The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.
Protective measures against unauthorized access to or interference with computer operating systems, telecommunications, or data structures, especially the modification, deletion, destruction, or release of data in computers. It includes methods of forestalling interference by computer viruses or so-called computer hackers aiming to compromise stored data.
Exploitation through misrepresentation of the facts or concealment of the purposes of the exploiter.

Office of Research Integrity: a reflection of disputes and misunderstandings. (1/136)

Each year, the U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) provides billions of dollars to support over 30,000 extramural research grants to more than 2,000 institutions in the U.S. and other countries. The Office of Research Integrity (ORI) is responsible for protecting the integrity of the research supported by the grants awarded for the PHS extramural research program. One of its responsibilities includes monitoring investigations into alleged or suspected scientific misconduct by institutions that receive the PHS funds. However, not all of the alleged or suspected scientific misconduct meet the the PHS definition of scientific misconduct. Among the wide range of allegations that the ORI receives are those that are ultimately determined to be authorship disputes. This article will report on ORI's functions and review some of the commonly reported allegations that do not constitute scientific misconduct according to the PHS definition.  (+info)

Fraud, misconduct or normal science in medical research--an empirical study of demarcation. (2/136)

OBJECTIVES: To study and describe how a group of senior researchers and a group of postgraduate students perceived the so-called "grey zone" between normal scientific practice and obvious misconduct. DESIGN: A questionnaire concerning various practices including dishonesty and obvious misconduct. The answers were obtained by means of a visual analogue scale (VAS). The central (two quarters) of the VAS were designated as a grey zone. SETTING: A Swedish medical faculty. SURVEY SAMPLE: 30 senior researchers and 30 postgraduate students. RESULTS: Twenty of the senior researchers and 25 of the postgraduate students answered the questionnaire. In five cases out of 14 the senior researchers' median was found to be clearly within the interval of the grey zone, compared with three cases for the postgraduate students. Three examples of experienced misconduct were provided. Compared with postgraduate students, established researchers do not call for more research ethical guidelines and restrictions. CONCLUSION: Although the results indicate that consensus exists regarding certain obvious types of misconduct the response pattern also indicates that there is no general consensus on several procedures.  (+info)

The scientist's world. (3/136)

This paper describes the features of the world of science, and it compares that world briefly with that of politics and the law. It also discusses some "postmodern" trends in philosophy and sociology that have been undermining confidence in the objectivity of science and thus have contributed indirectly to public mistrust. The paper includes broader implications of interactions of government and science.  (+info)

Publication ethics and the research assessment exercise: reflections on the troubled question of authorship. (4/136)

The research assessment exercise (RAE) forms the basis for determining the funding of higher education institutions in the UK. Monies are distributed according to a range of performance criteria, the most important of which is "research outputs". Problems to do with publication misconduct, and in particular, issues of justice in attributing authorship, are endemic within the research community. It is here argued that the research assessment exercise currently makes no explicit attempt to address these concerns, and indeed, by focusing attention on research outputs, may actually be fostering such ethical problems.  (+info)

Scientific dishonestry: European reflections. (5/136)

Scientific dishonesty has attracted increased attention around the world during the past three to four decades. Europe became aware of the problem later than the USA, but has within the past 10 years created national control systems for all biomedical projects, not only those supported by public money. The prevalence of the problem can only be calculated indirectly by referring to population figures as denominators. Measured this way, figures from Denmark as a whole show: 1-2 cases referred/million inhabitants/year, 1 case treated/million inhabitants/year, 1 case of scientific dishonesty/million inhabitants/5 years. For Finland, 1-2 cases were referred/million inhabitants/1-2 years; for Norway, similar figures of 1/4 million inhabitants/year were calculated. Figures from the Danish national independent control body 1993-7 show the distribution of the types of cases that were charged, with numbers of confirmed cases in parentheses: fabrication, 2 (1); plagiarism, 3 (0); theft, 2 (0); ghost authorship, 2 (1); false methodological description, 3 (1); twisted statistics, 2 (0); suppression of existing data, 4 (0); unwarranted use of data, 4 (0); and authorship problems, 8 (1). This survey emphasises the need for national guidelines, an independent national control body, and initiatives for strong preventive actions.  (+info)

Responsibility for truth in research. (6/136)

For over half a century, cell cultures derived from animals and humans have served researchers in various fields. To this day, cross-contamination of cultures has plagued many researchers, often leading to mistaken results, retractions of results, cover-ups and some out-and-out falsification of data and results following inadvertent use of the wrong cells. Also, during years of examining cultures for purity we learned that many virologists were not too concerned about the specificity of the cultures they used to propagate the particular virus under study as long as the substrate (whatever it might have been) gave optimal virus yield. Polio virus propagates in primate cells, and much research has involved cells from man and various species of primates. In the 1950s a large number of chimpanzees were held in captivity in Africa for extensive studies of the efficacy of polio vaccine in production at the Wistar Institute in Philadelphia and elsewhere. Chimpanzee tissues, particularly kidneys, were thus readily available and could have also provided substrates for polio virus production, since little was known about the purity of substrates and little attention was paid to their specificity at that time.  (+info)

A survey of newly appointed consultants' attitudes towards research fraud. (7/136)

OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of, and attitudes towards, observed and personal research misconduct among newly appointed medical consultants. DESIGN: Questionnaire study. SETTING: Mersey region, United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS: Medical consultants appointed between Jan 1995 and Jan 2000 in seven different hospital trusts (from lists provided by each hospital's personnel department). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Reported observed misconduct, reported past personal misconduct and reported possible future misconduct. RESULTS: One hundred and ninety-four replies were received (a response rate of 63.6%); 55.7% of respondents had observed some form of research misconduct; 5.7% of respondents admitted to past personal misconduct; 18% of respondents were either willing to commit or unsure about possible future research misconduct. Only 17% of the respondents reported having received any training in research ethics. Anaesthetists reported a lower incidence of observed research misconduct (33.3%) than the rest of the respondents (61.5%) (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: There is a higher prevalence of observed and possible future misconduct among newly appointed consultants in the UK than in the comparable study of biomedical trainees in California. Although there is a need for more extensive studies, this survey suggests that there is a real and potential problem of research misconduct in the UK.  (+info)

Report of a case of cyberplagiarism--and reflections on detecting and preventing academic misconduct using the Internet. (8/136)

BACKGROUND: The Internet is an invaluable tool for researchers and certainly also a source of inspiration. However, never before has it been so easy to plagiarise the work of others by clipping together (copy & paste) an apparently original paper or review paper from paragraphs on several websites. Moreover, the threshold of stealing ideas, whether lifting paragraphs or perhaps even whole articles from the Internet, seems to be much lower than copying sections from books or articles. In this article, we shall use the term cyberplagarism to describe the case where someone, intentionally or inadvertently, is taking information, phrases, or thoughts from the World Wide Web (WWW) and using it in a scholarly article without attributing the origin. OBJECTIVES: To illustrate a case of cyberplagiarism and to discuss potential Methods using the Internet to detect scientific misconduct. This report was also written to stimulate debate and thought among journal editors about the use of state of the art technology to fight cyberplagiarism. METHODS: A case of a recent incident of cyberplagiarism, which occurred in the Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh (JRCSEd), is reported. A systematic search of the Internet for informatics tools that help to identify plagiarism and duplicate publication was conducted. RESULTS: This is the first in-depth report of an incident where significant portions of a web article were lifted into a scholarly article without attribution. In detecting and demonstrating this incident, a tool at www.plagiarism.org, has proven to be particularly useful. The plagiarism report generated by this tool stated that more than one third (36%) of the JRCSEd article consisted of phrases that were directly copied from multiple websites, without giving attribution to this fact. CONCLUSIONS: Cyberplagiarism may be a widespread and increasing problem. Plagiarism could be easily detected by journal editors and peer-reviewers if informatics tools would be applied. There is a striking gap between what is technically possible and what is in widespread use. As a consequence of the case described in this report, JMIR has taken the lead in applying information technology to prevent and fight plagiarism by routinely checking new submissions for evidence of cyberplagiarism.  (+info)

The Vice President for Research (VPR), who is the universitys research integrity officer (RIO), initially assesses the reported incident to determine if it constitutes a good faith allegation of research misconduct. This initial assessment shall be completed within 30 business days of the receipt of the report or the event giving rise to the report. In the event circumstances prevent the VPR from completing the assessment within that time frame, the VPR shall document the reasons for the delay and complete the assessment as soon as is practical.. After receiving an allegation of research misconduct, the VPR, in consultation with the appropriate University official(s), shall assess the allegation to determine if it meets the definition of research misconduct, and also that the allegation is sufficiently credible and specific so potential evidence of the alleged research misconduct may be identified.. If the VPR determines that continuing an Inquiry is not warranted, the VPR shall so inform the ...
Allegations of scientific misconduct (fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism) must be considered carefully vis-à-vis rules of confidentiality. In cases of credible allegations of such misconduct, an editor may need to disclose specific confidential information in a very controlled and limited manner. For example, after a credible allegation of scientific misconduct, an editor may need to contact an authors or a reviewers relevant institutional, funding, or governmental authority (eg, an academic president, dean, or ethics/integrity officer) to request a formal investigation. In this situation, the editor will need to identify the person about whom the allegation was made. This is best done
Allegations of scientific misconduct (fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism) must be considered carefully vis-à-vis rules of confidentiality. In cases of credible allegations of such misconduct, an editor may need to disclose specific confidential information in a very controlled and limited manner. For example, after a credible allegation of scientific misconduct, an editor may need to contact an authors or a reviewers relevant institutional, funding, or governmental authority (eg, an academic president, dean, or ethics/integrity officer) to request a formal investigation. In this situation, the editor will need to identify the person about whom the allegation was made. This is best done
Scientific Misconduct Blog - About all manner of pharmaceutical scientific misconduct, bad science, and related curious incidents. If youre not outraged, youre not paying attention. ... Actonel Eastell Blumsohn dispute P&G Procter
Scientific Misconduct Blog - About all manner of pharmaceutical scientific misconduct, bad science, and related curious incidents. If youre not outraged, youre not paying attention. ... Actonel Eastell Blumsohn dispute P&G Procter
Research Integrity and Research Misconduct, Office of the Associate Vice Chancellor for Compliance, University of Kansas Medical Center
In an editorial today, the British Medical Journal calls for UK research funders and others to do more to tackle research misconduct and for UKRIO to receive long-term funding. Fiona Godlee, editor-in-chief of BMJ, said that UK research funders should make provision for independent support, advice and monitoring and that they could do this by ensuring […]. ...
To determine the clinical effectiveness of statins on cardiovascular mortality in practice, observational studies are needed. Control for confounding is essential in any observational study. Falsification end-points may be useful to determine if bias is present after adjustment has taken place. We followed starters on statin therapy in the Netherlands aged 46 to 100 years over the period 1996 to 2012, from initiation of statin therapy until cardiovascular mortality or censoring. Within this group (n = 49,688, up to 16 years of follow-up), we estimated the effect of adherence to statin therapy (0 = completely non-adherent, 1 = fully adherent) on ischemic heart diseases and cerebrovascular disease (ICD10-codes I20-I25 and I60-I69) as well as respiratory and endocrine disease mortality (ICD10-codes J00-J99 and E00-E90) as falsification end points, controlling for demographic factors, socio-economic factors, birth cohort, adherence to other cardiovascular medications, and diabetes using time-varying Cox
Define falsifications. falsifications synonyms, falsifications pronunciation, falsifications translation, English dictionary definition of falsifications. v. fal·si·fied , fal·si·fy·ing , fal·si·fies v. tr. 1. To state untruthfully; misrepresent. 2. a. To make false by altering or adding to: falsify testimony....
Former Duke University cancer researcher Anil Potti was found guilty of research misconduct yesterday by the federal Office of Research Integrity (ORI), after a multi-year investigation. You can read the story in Science, for example. His punishment is that he wont do research without government-sponsored supervision for the next five years. Not exactly stiff. This…
Research Integrity. Faculty, staff and student of the University community engaging in research should adhere to the highest standard of ethics and Research Integrity. This is to ensure that the reputation of the University for scholarly integrity is preserved.. Research Integrity includes the rigour, care and accountability that are the hallmarks of good scholarship and is not merely the avoidance of wrongdoing. Research Misconduct by the University community, defined as fabrication, falsification, plagiarism or other wrongdoing in proposing, designing, performing, recording, supervising or reviewing research, or in reporting research results is unacceptable and is grounds for disciplinary action.. Research Data Management Policy. There is a need to design and adopt policies on the management of research data, to ensure that valuable data are not lost. Such a policy also provides a basis to answer allegations of research misconduct or questions about the results obtained. It also assists in the ...
This years controversial news included unethical behavior among politicians, a murder, and multiple accusations of gender discrimination and sexual harassment, in addition to the usual spate of research misconduct.. 0 Comments. ...
This years controversial news included unethical behavior among politicians, a murder, and multiple accusations of gender discrimination and sexual harassment, in addition to the usual spate of research misconduct.. 0 Comments. ...
The Office of Research Integrity is responsible for protecting the integrity of PHS extramural and intramural research programs, with the exception of the regulatory research activities of the Food and Drug Administration. ORI carries out its responsibility by: developing and promulgating policies, procedures, rules and regulations; providing workshops, conferences, and educational materials on the responsible conduct of research and the promotion of research integrity; conducting (or funding) evaluations and research studies on research integrity and research misconduct; administering an assurances program; reviewing investigations conducted by applicant or awardee institutions; conducting investigations at applicant or awardee institutions and in the PHS intramural research programs; presenting misconduct findings in adminstrative hearings before the HHS Departmental Appeals Board (DAB); and promoting scientific integrity.. ...
Research integrity has two aspects that partially overlap. Firstly, there is integrity of the scientific literature, namely its freedom from errors, and secondly, the integrity of the researchers themselves, i.e. whether they act fairly and honestly. Failures of either can reduce the reproducibility of science, reduce its efficiency, waste funding, and have negative impacts on the scientists themselves, as well as, in some cases, their research subjects.. In the life sciences, statistician John Ioannidis has shown that study design and external pressures mean most published research findings are likely to be false, and drug makers Bayer and Amgen reported that 75% and 89% of preclinical findings could not be repeated. The number of published retractions is growing at an accelerating rate, and in most cases, the cause for the retraction is attributed to misconduct.. Three reasons are commonly evoked to explain how the errors that prevent reproducibility arise. They can be caused by bad luck or ...
Two high-profile cases in which universities - who by US law are the ones that must open an investigation into misconduct - stonewalled the effort.
Nearly once a week, on average, a Honolulu police officer is disciplined for misconduct. Yet the details of that bad behavior are never publicly revealed. More than a quarter of those incidents can be classified as criminal behavior - assaults, domestic violence, fleeing the scene of an accident, even criminal convictions. Civil Beat used annual summaries of misconduct provided to the Legislature by the Honolulu Police Department to compile 20 years of disciplinary action into an interactive database. Recent years include more information about officer misconduct, including whether an incident was sent to prosecutors or a disciplinary action was challenged by the union.. ...
Imperial Tobacco este al patrulea producător la nivel mondial de țigări, cu peste 30 de fabrici la nivel mondial și aproximativ 14,500 de angajați. Cele mai cunoscute branduri care aparțin Imperial Tobacco sunt: Richmond, Davidoff, West, Superkings, Regal și John Player Special. În anul 2007, Imperial Tobacco a preluat producătorul franco-spaniol de țigări Altadis, pentru suma de 12,6 miliarde de euro[1]. Altadis deține mărcile Gaulois Blondes, Gitanes și Ducados și este al treilea mare producător de țigarete din Europa[2]. ...
Notice is hereby given that the Office of Research Integrity (ORI) has taken final action in the following case: Martin Biosse-Duplan, D.D.S., Ph.D., Harvard School of Dental Medicine: Based on the report of an investigation conducted by the Harvard School of Medicine (HSM) and Harvard School of Dental Medicine (HSDM), the admission of the Respondent, and additional analysis conducted by ORI in its oversight review, ORI found that Dr. Martin Biosse-Duplan, former Research Fellow, Department of Oral Medicine, Infection, and Immunity, HSDM, engaged in research misconduct in research supported by National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS), National Institutes of Health (NIH), grant R01 AR054450. ORI found that the Respondent engaged in research misconduct involving one (1) laboratory presentation and two (2) published abstracts: Boisse-Duplan, M., Stephens, S., Lai, F.P.L., Oelkers, M., Kitamura, D., Rottner, K., Horne, W., & Baron, R. ``The Association Between ...
Excellent exposition Joan. Factual and intelligent as usual but I am very impressed you had the courage to call this misconduct as it surely is. I feel strongly we must do something to correct the nonsense he has published and I am also very worried about his current venoplasty study. I fear for the safety of anyone who signs up. This man does not believe CCSVI exists and has demonstrated he doesnt know how to identify it. So how will he know where to place his balloons? Just pick a random spot in the IJV? Thats more or less what would happen if he used his test for narrowing. And how will he size the balloons? He refuses to speak to IRs with experience who do know how to do it. It is well known that beginners are prone to both over and under inflate. He is going to do damage and/or fail to achieve anything worthwhile. He will call his ignorant butchery a triumph and then say venoplasty is worthless and wash his hands of the mess he has made. I think there is real danger here and he needs to ...
There are two fundamental issues here.. One is scientific misconduct that outrages the individual scientists because we are all trying to make careers and honest science is difficult. Those who cheat with duplicate publications, faked Western blots, etc, are hated simply because they are attempting to get an unfair advantage over those who struggle honestly to make a contribution, publish in a high quality journal, get a grant, tenure, etc. Its a further outrage when journals, universities, and other organizations sometimes seem to turn a blind eye.. The other issue is scientific progress. Here it is not obvious that misconduct is as harmful as might be thought. Honesty and integrity in any individual publication is actually not important in the long term. A paper is valid not because it can be proven to have been done honestly, but because further work, by other people in related fields, yields results that are consistent. Your integrity matters not at all in determining whether the theories ...
The implication is that research misconduct is a bad-apple problem… More evidence that the study was under the control of Pfizer, rather than of Dr Neumeister, could be inferred from the problems Ms Ruffcorn had in determining whether she had taken the drug or placebo.. Conclusion. So it seems that in this case a study which may not have been conducted according to research standards was likely a pharmaceutical sponsored, designed, and controlled Phase II trial done as part of an effort to seek approval for a new drug. Hence this case was not only about allegations of individual research misconduct, but about yet more problems with the implementation of commercially controlled human experiments designed to ultimately further marketing as well as science. Yet none of the public discussion so far of this case was about whether Pfizer had any responsibilities to assure the quality of the research in which it was so involved, much less whether interactions between the company, the university ...
The University of Manchester found out that someone has secretly manipulated data in the papers of their star cancer researcher, Richard Marais. Who might that be?
The University of Manchester found out that someone has secretly manipulated data in the papers of their star cancer researcher, Richard Marais. Who might that be?
Recent studies from Western countries indicate significant levels of questionable research practices, but similar data from low and middle-income countries are limited. Our aims were to assess the pre
Sports Medicine and Ethics Daniela Testoni, Christoph P. Hornik, P. Brian Smith, Daniel K. Benjamin Jr. & Ross E. McKinney Jr. ...
For the past 15 years evidence has stacked up showing patients with acute coronary thrombosis improve their survival chances by 50-82
Recent scandals and controversies-such as the falsification, fabrication, and plagiarism of data in federally funded science; the manipulation and distortion of research sponsored by private companies; human embryonic stem cell research; cloning; and the patenting of DNA and cell lines-illustrate the importance of ethics in scientific research. This book provides an introduction and overview of many of the social, ethical, and legal issues facing scientists today. The book includes chapters on research misconduct, conflicts of interest, data management, mentoring, authorship, peer review, publication, intellectual property, research with human subjects, research with animal subjects, genetic and stem cell research, international research, and ethical decision making. The book also features dozens of real and hypothetical cases for discussion and analysis and introduces the reader to important research regulations and guidelines. Now in its second edition, this book synthesizes the diverse talents and
Scientific misconduct is defined as intention or gross negligence leading to fabrication of the scientific message or a false credit or emphasis given to a scientist. The editorial board members should inform institutions if they suspect misconduct by their researchers, and provide evidence to support these concerns, such as analysis of text similarity in cases of suspected plagiarism, or evidence of inappropriate image manipulation. They should cooperate with investigations and respond to institutions questions about misconduct allegations. They should be prepared to issue retractions or corrections when provided with findings of misconduct arising from investigations. They should correct or retract findings that are invalid or unreliable, both when caused by misconduct and by honest errors. Publications should be retracted if they are evidenced to be generally unreliable, while on the other hand a correction should be made in cases where only a small part of the publication is affected while ...
Posted on 11/19/2019 1:42:12 PM PST by Yo-Yo. Full title: Russia case agent Strzok cited for misconduct, security violation and exceptionally poor judgment in FBI memos This summer, ex-FBI agent Peter Strzok filed a lawsuit suggesting his firing was political retribution for having run the bureau s counterintelligence investigation into the now debunked allegations that Donald Trump and Russia colluded to hijack the 2016 election. The Justice Department has responded to the lawsuit in a big way, releasing to the court presiding over the civil case Strzok s official misconduct file that concluded the former FBI supervisor exhibited a gross lack of professionalism and exceptionally poor judgment. It shows the FBI substantiated that Strzok had engaged in dereliction of duty, had committed misconduct through the expression of anti-Trump bias on his official FBI phone and committed security violations by performing official government work on personal email. The records show one official ...
Imperial Tobacco Norway AS (Gunnar Stenberg AS frem til 2005[2]) driver med salg og distribusjon av tobakksprodukter i Norge. Bedriften har ca. 63 ansatte [1][død lenke]. Administrerende direktør er Gijsbert Van Asten. I 2008 vurderte Imperial Tobacco Norway søksmål mot den norske filmen Den siste revejakta for logotyveri. Dette fordi filmens logo var svært lik logoen til Imperials tobakk, Eventyr 3. I logoen til filmen er det en rødrev, som er identisk med logoen til Eventyr 3, bare at reven har tjall i munnviken. Gijsbert Van Asten og Imperial ønsket ikke å bli forbundet med dette [2]. I september 2008 ble det kjent at filmskaperne og Imperial inngikk forlik etter logokrangelen. Filmselskapet innså feilen de hadde begått, og ble enige om å donere 30 000 kroner, der Imperial skulle velge et verdig formål [3]. ...
Scope: All staff, students, and faculty involved in research and research administration should receive training on conducting research in a manner that supports ethical and responsible standards; this policy does not apply to projects that are not classified in the financial system as research. It is recommended that all staff, students, and faculty conducting research as part of any sponsored project receive training on the responsible conduct of research and to complete, at a minimum, an RCR overview training session. All staff, students, and faculty conducting research on any projects funded by the National Science Foundation and any Department of Health and Human Services agency must receive training on responsible conduct of research prior to engaging in research on the project. Offerings: Training will be offered via an on-line training program and through classrooms, workshops, training sessions, lectures, and discussion series presentations. All faculty, staff, and students, will have ...
Objectives Think about your research team(s) ◦ What is the value of conducting research as a team effort? ◦ What are the challenges of team work? ◦ What characteristics of research team members should you understand better in order to improve collaboration? ◦ What do you contribute to a collaborative working atmosphere, and how could you contribute more effectively? Responsible Conduct of Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activities Michigan State University Graduate School, 2010
Hugh Pickens writes The image of scientists as objective seekers of truth is periodically jeopardized by the discovery of a major scientific fraud. Recent scandals like Hwang Woo-Suks fake stem-cell lines or Jan Hendrik Schöns duplicated graphs showed how easy it can be for a scientist to p...
The Deputy Director for Intramural Research (DDIR) is committed to full and open communication regarding possible research misconduct within the NIH Intramural Research Program. The form below allows for anonymous, electronic reporting of potential research misconduct concerns. To assist both the DDIR and the Agency Intramural Research Integrity Officer (AIRIO) in investigating your concern, please provide as much of the following information as is possible.
Scientific Integrity Scientific integrity is the condition resulting from adherence to professional values and practices when conducting, reporting, and applying the results of scientific activities that ensures objectivity, clarity, and reproducibility, and that provides insulation from bias, fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, inappropriate influence, political interference, censorship, and inadequate procedural and information security.
What Are The differences Between Medical Writer and Medical Technologist Medical Technologist Courses and Job Opportunities Medical Writer Courses and Job Opportunities Key differences between Medical Writer and Medical Technologist Medical Writer VS Medical Technologist Medical Writer Interview questions and answers Medical Technologist.
Sexual harassment creates a sexually hostile environment if the conduct is sufficiently serious that it denies or limits the ability to participate in or benefit from a University program. A variety of related factors determine if a sexually hostile environment has been created and the conduct in question is considered from both an objective and subjective perspective. Factors examined include the type of harassment; the frequency and severity of the misconduct; the age, sex, and relationship of the individuals involved; the setting and context in which the harassment occurred; and other relevant factors. The more severe the conduct, the less need there is to show a repetitive series of incidents to prove hostile environment, particularly if the harassment is physical. A single or isolated instance of sexual violence may create a hostile environment ...
Hans-Gustaf Ljunggren Dean of Research Jan Carlstedt-Duke Senior Adviser, Rectorate. RE: A New Investigation of Misconduct in Research on Artificial Tracheae To initiate an investigation to find new evidence is a diversion tactic with the ambition to trick the media and the general public that the threshold of scientific misconduct has only now been surpassed by the information revealed in the Swedish Television documentary Experimenten. The truth is that what was described in our Appeal for an Investigation and in the Amendment to the Appeal filed nearly 1½ year ago (Aug 18, 2014 and Sep 24, 2014, Dnr 2-2184/2014) was more than sufficient to prove misconduct on the part of Prof Macchiarini. The independent external expert Prof Gerdin confirmed this in his initial review of the case eight months ago (May 13, 2015). When Prof Gerdin reviewed the information that was submitted after his report was filed, he found no new evidence that could absolve Prof Macchiarini of the charges made against ...
But sadly this culture is here to stay, at least for the foreseeable future. What can we do to curb its worst excesses? The paper points to encouraging solutions like the Office of Research Integrity and regular courses on ethics and data presentation. There are few counterparts to these measures in developing countries and this needs to be taken seriously by their governments. More importantly, researchers, journal editors and referees need to be taught both the value and the methodology of honest research from day one of their careers. They also need to be taught means of detecting fraud and plagiarism, a task which has been rendered somewhat easier by technology and software for detecting duplication and possible manipulation. The authors also suggest the creation of a centralized database of scientific misconduct. Its worth noting that in its own way Retraction Watch has admirably served this purpose. Finally, the study points to a great responsibility on the part of journals and ...
Abstract:A detailed review of all 2,047 biomedical and life-science research articles indexed by PubMed as retracted on May 3, 2012 revealed that only 21.3% of retractions were attributable to error. In contrast, 67.4% of retractions were attributable to misconduct, including fraud or suspected fraud (43.4%), duplicate publication (14.2%), and plagiarism (9.8%). Incomplete, uninformative or misleading retraction announcements have led to a previous underestimation of the role of fraud in the ongoing retraction epidemic. The percentage of scientific articles retracted because of fraud has increased ∼10-fold since 1975. Retractions exhibit distinctive temporal and geographic patterns that may reveal underlying causes. | my universe
Imperial Tobacco launched a legal challenge in Australias High Court on Tuesday against new laws forcing tobacco products to be sold in plain packaging from next year, becoming the third tobacco giant to do so.
Invalid science consists of scientific claims based on experiments that cannot be reproduced or that are contradicted by experiments that can be reproduced. Recent analyses indicate that the proportion of invalid claims in the scientific literature is steadily increasing. The number of retractions has grown tenfold over the past decade, but they still make up approximately 0.2% of the 1.4m papers published annually in scholarly journals. The U.S. Office of Research Integrity (ORI), investigates scientific misconduct. Science magazine ranked first for the number of articles retracted at 70, just edging out PNAS, which retracted 69. Thirty-two of Sciences retractions were due to fraud or suspected fraud, and 37 to error. A subsequent retraction index indicated that journals with relatively high impact factors, such as Science, Nature and Cell, had a higher rate of retractions. Under 0.1% of papers in PubMed had were retracted of more than 25 million papers going back to the 1940s. The fraction ...
Academic freedom; academic publishing; altmetrics; censorship; citizen science; copyright, fair use, and the public domain; data management plans (DMP); digital divide; digital publishing; digital rights management (DRM); digitization; free and open-source software; freedom of information (FOI) laws; freedom of speech and censorship; impact metrics; journal impact factors (JIF); journal prices; legal regulation of the internet, libraries, and publishing; library budgets; libraries in the digital age; licensing terms for online content; media concentration and monopoly; metadata; non-OA scholarly journals or research literature; OA to non-research content such as movies, music, news, and government info; online teaching and learning; open government; P2P file-sharing; peer review; peer review; plagiarism and research misconduct; political interference with research; predatory journals; preservation; privacy and anonymity; promotion and tenure; public sector information (PSI); research data ...
Congressman John Conyers (D-Michigan) has been hospitalized amid accusations of sexual misconduct and a House Ethics Committee probe. Top House Democrat Nancy Pelosi (D-California) has called on him to resign. Conyers is resting comfortably in...
A young girl named Jessica came next: I wanted to follow up on Tylers question: Is President Trump on the naughty list? Well, you know, Santa tries to stay out of political matters. Our president may have said or done a few naughty things, explained the diplomatic Santa, thankfully neglecting to mention that time Trump was caught on tape bragging about sexually assaulting women. Nineteen accusers. Google it, chimed in Santas helper, in a nod to the 19-plus women who have accused Trump of various degrees of sexual misconduct, including sexual-assault. Santa was, well, a bit more child-friendly. Look, Jessica, I think we can all learn a lesson from whats going on in the news, he said. Cue Jessica: We sure can! I learned that if you admit you did something wrong, you get in trouble. But if you deny it, they let you keep your job! It didnt stop there. The children asked questions about NFL players kneeling during the National Anthem, the opioid crisis, a toy like the one Matt Lauer gave his ...
Filmmaker Brett Ratner has long surrounded himself with powerful friends, including music mogul Russell Simmons and filmmaker James Toback, whove shared his playboy lifestyle. And like Ratner, theyve also been accused of engaging in sexual misconduct, according to a new report by The Times.
Inaccurate data in technological papers can derive from honest mistake or intentional falsification. among publications shows that journal procedures, such as for example prepublication image screening process, influence the grade of the technological literature. Launch Inaccuracies in technological papers have got many causes. Some total derive from honest errors, such as for example incorrect calculations, usage of the incorrect reagent, or improper technique (1). Others are intentional and constitute analysis misconduct, including circumstances where data are changed, omitted, manufactured, or misrepresented in a genuine method that matches a desired final result. The prevalence prices of honest misconduct and error in the technological literature are unidentified. One review approximated the overall regularity of serious analysis misconduct, including plagiarism, to become 1% (2). A meta-analysis by Fanelli, merging the full total outcomes of 18 released research, discovered that 1.9% PP121 ...
Case Studies. Preface.. CHAPTER 1: What Is Fraud?. Fraud: A Definition.. Why Fraud Happens.. Who Is Responsible for Fraud Detection?. What Is a Fraud Awareness Program?. Screening Job Applicants.. What Is a Corporate Fraud Policy?. Notes.. CHAPTER 2: Fraud Prevention and Detection.. Detecting Fraud.. Determining the Exposure to Fraud.. Assessing the Risk that Fraud Is Occurring (or Will Occur).. External Symptoms.. Identifying Areas of High Risk for Fraud.. Looking at the Exposures from the Fraudsters Perspective.. Approach 1: Control Weaknesses.. Who Could Benefit from the Identified Control Weaknesses?. What Can They Influence, Control, or Affect?. Can They Act Alone or Is Collusion Required?. Approach 2: Key Fields.. Which Data Fields Can Be Manipulated and by Whom?. Additional Fraud Risk Considerations.. Understanding the Symptoms of Fraud.. Being Alert to the Symptoms of Fraud.. Building Programs to Look for Symptoms.. Investigating and Reporting Instances of Fraud.. Implementing Controls ...
A new Vatican report describes how hierarchy in the Catholic Church either downplayed or dismissed allegations of sexual misconduct against former Cardinal Theodore McCarrick throughout his career.
Date: 24 May 2010. Dr Andrew Jeremy WAKEFIELD. Determination on Serious Professional Misconduct (SPM) and sanction:. The Panel has already given its findings on the facts and its reasons for determining that the facts as found proved could amount to serious professional misconduct. It then went on to consider and determine whether, under Rule 29(1) of the General Medical Council Preliminary Proceedings Committee and Professional Conduct Committee (Procedure) Rules Order of Council 1988, the facts as admitted or found proved do amount to serious professional misconduct and if so, what, if any sanction it should impose. It has accepted the Legal Assessors advice in full as to the approach to be taken in this case, and has looked at each doctors case separately but, when considering whether Dr Wakefield is guilty of serious professional misconduct, has looked at the heads of charge found proved against him as a whole. It has not confined its consideration to the heads of charge; it has also had ...
Doctors are expected to uphold high standards when dispensing medical treatment to patients. However, not every misstep by a medical practitioner amounts to professional misconduct. Where a doctor does depart from acceptable standards of conduct, disciplinary action is warranted only where such departure is egregious. As highlighted in Singapore Medical Council v Dr Lim Lian…
The WMF Groups corporate culture is characterised by clear responsibility, mutual respect and trust in our business partners and employees. However, this does not rule out the risk of infringement of the law and/or individual misconduct with absolute certainty.. The WMF Group strives to minimise these risks. A compliance organisation and a global ombudsman system has been set up for this purpose. Both employees and third parties (customers, suppliers, etc.) can confidentially and - upon request - anonymously contact an external, independent lawyer should they have any information about economic offences, infringements of anti-trust law or breaches of internal guidelines, for example. His contact details are as follows:. Dr Carsten Thiel von Herff, LL.M. (lawyer ...
The size of a communitys police force is a greater predictor for police misconduct than its ethnic diversity, according to researchers from Florida International University and Montana State University.
A veteran Baltimore County jail guard was convicted of sex offense and misconduct charges yesterday after a former inmate testified that the guard took her to a locked office in the detention center
A California man convicted of the worst mass killing in Orange County history was spared the death penalty on Friday after a judge found that serious misconduct by prosecutors had violated his rights to a fair trial.
NEW YORK - The longtime leader of the New York City Ballet is retiring in the midst of an investigation into accusations of sexual misconduct by him.
The lead author of a recent breakthrough study fabricated the data and is guilty of scientific misconduct, according to a Japanese research panel. The scientist says she will appeal the judgment.
Allegations of scientific misconduct may be submitted following the guidelines in the USGS policy on scientific integrity using the following e-mail address: [email protected] the following for more information:
Spring 2018, Failure in Research (student led - Ott, Chen and McDonald). Fall 2018, Catherine Leimkuhler Grimes, Inclusive Leadership and Mentorship. Fall 2018, Jason Gleghorn, Authorship, Ownership, and Mentoring. Where do you go to report Scientific Misconduct?. Every University and College has resources and administrators to contact. The University of Delaware has a UD Research Office [http://www.udel.edu/research/] with links to several resources:. ...
US fisheries scientists are claiming that a supervisor threatened to eliminate their research division after the team had produced controversial model predictions of the survival and recovery of the threatened coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch).. The threatened O. kisutch reside in the Klamath River Basin in Oregon. The Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility (PEER) filed a complaint of scientific misconduct on January 7th to the Department of Interior on behalf of the scientists.. Federal research on the Klamath Basin fish and wildlife has been caught in a debate on whether to tear down a series of hydroelectric dams on the river. Many environmentalists blame the dams for salmon die-offs and ecological decline, but not everyone agrees.. A letter alleges that Jason Phillips violated the agencys scientific-integrity policy, which was adopted in 2011 in part of President Obamas nationwide initiative to protect science from political interference. It states that the scientists believe ...
The governing body of the American Association for the Advancement of Science voted Saturday to enact a policy under which an elected AAAS Fellows lifetime honor can be revoked for proven scientific misconduct or serious breaches of professional ethics.. ...
Plagiarism occurs when academic integrity principles are not followed. Plagiarism can take a range of forms, from accidental through to deliberate actions. Accidental plagiarism might occur if you run out of time to write an assignment and neglect to put references in your work. Deliberate plagiarism, also known as academic misconduct, might involve paying someone else to write your assignment for you, or cheating to pass an exam. Figure 1 shows the scale of accidental through to deliberate acts of plagiarism.
High-throughput proteomics techniques, such as mass spectrometry (MS)-based approaches, produce very high-dimensional data-sets. In a clinical setting one is often interested in how mass spectra differ between patients of different classes, for example spectra from healthy patients vs. spectra from patients having a particular disease. Machine learning algorithms are needed to (a) identify these discriminating features and (b) classify unknown spectra based on this feature set. Since the acquired data is usually noisy, the algorithms should be robust against noise and outliers, while the identified feature set should be as small as possible. We present a new algorithm, Sparse Proteomics Analysis (SPA), based on the theory of compressed sensing that allows us to identify a minimal discriminating set of features from mass spectrometry data-sets. We show (1) how our method performs on artificial and real-world data-sets, (2) that its performance is competitive with standard (and widely used) algorithms for
The research assessment exercise (RAE) forms the basis for determining the funding of higher education institutions in the UK. Monies are distributed according to a range of performance criteria, the most important of which is research outputs. Problems to do with publication misconduct, and in particular, issues of justice in attributing authorship, are endemic within the research community. It is here argued that the research assessment exercise currently makes no explicit attempt to address these concerns, and indeed, by focusing attention on research outputs, may actually be fostering such ethical problems.. ...
AcelRx requires employees and business partners to act compliantly in all business interactions. AcelRx further encourages employees and business partners to report issues of suspected or actual misconduct so that AcelRx may investigate and ensure the Company is acting in a compliant manner. AcelRx has established a toll-free hotline as a tool for employees and business partners to raise concerns regarding financial, regulatory, commercial or other areas of misconduct. Any information you provide, including your identity, will be kept in confidence to the extent possible. Further, AcelRx has a policy of non-retaliation for good-faith reporting on compliance violations and concerns.. If you have a good faith concern regarding financial, regulatory, commercial or other areas of misconduct you can report it at the following number: 1-800-948-8861. ...
Introduction. At present, learner misconduct appears to be of great concern in the arena of public education. An orderly learning and teaching environment is a prerequisite for optimal teaching and learning in class. The disorder and disruption that often results from learner misconduct is currently having a detrimental effect on effective teaching and learning. Although much research in this area has been conducted worldwide, little has so far been conducted in South African township schools.. Problem statement. There appears to be concern worldwide about the state of learner discipline and about learner misconduct in schools (Russo, Oosthuizen & Wolhuter 2013). In England and Wales, for example, government statistics published showed that the government school inspectors (in Ofsted, the Office for Standards in Education, Childrens Services and Skills) judged pupil behaviour in 18.4% of secondary schools as either satisfactory or inadequate. In 0.1% of secondary schools, it was judged to be ...
During a two day workshop we will discuss standards of research integrity for management and treatment of data, scientific publishing, authorship, mentoring und responsibilities in dayto-day research. Students will train competences for a responsible professional conduct as a scientist, and reflect on standards, problems and possible solutions to problems within the research system. They will gain a deep understanding of their rights and obligations as a scientist and on scientific principles. Through active participation and discussion of case studies students get a sense for possible conflicts and can use strategies for prevention and/or solution of these ...
BACKGROUND: Research is an important motivating factor for pursuing a career in academic medicine, but the relation between motivation and other factors involved in scientific research are not clear. ----- PURPOSE: To explore the motivational orientation for doing research and its relation with attitudes towards science and publication practice among members of faculty at a medical school. ----- METHODS: We used a Science Attitude Survey and the Work Preference Inventory (intrinsic and extrinsic motivational orientation using 4 Likert-type scales of motivation, possible range 1-5) to survey two groups of teachers at the Zagreb University School of Medicine (n = 327, 66% response rate): professors, elected to tenure-track positions (n = 150), and instructor/research fellows working on or just completing their thesis (n = 177). RESULTS: Overall, teachers scored highest on the Enjoyment subscale of intrinsic motivational orientation (mean score +/- standard deviation 4.3 +/- 0.42 for professors vs ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Observational studies assessing the pharmacological treatment of obstructive lung disease. T2 - strengths, challenges and considerations for study design. AU - Vestbo, Jørgen. AU - Janson, Christer. AU - Nuevo, Javier. AU - Price, David. N1 - Acknowledgements: Editorial support under the direction of the authors was provided by Richard Knight, CMC Connect, McCann Health Medical Communications, and funded by AstraZeneca in accordance with Good Publication Practice guidelines. The first draft of the manuscript was written in three sections by J. Vestbo, C. Janson and D. Price. Editorial support specifically for D. Price was provided by Antony Hardjojo of the Observational and Pragmatic Research Institute, Singapore. J. Vestbo is supported by the NIHR Manchester BRC.. PY - 2020/10/13. Y1 - 2020/10/13. N2 - Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) are the gold standard for evaluating treatment efficacy in patients with obstructive lung disease. However, due to strict inclusion criteria ...
Timmy the Timid Ghost is a fictional comic book ghost, whose adventures were published by Charlton Comics. Created in response to the popularity of Casper the Friendly Ghost, Timmys adventures first saw print in February 1956, in Timmy the Timid Ghost #3. (The first two issues of this series might have been Win a Prize, but Charltons confusing publication practices of the time, combined with little documentation, make the connection problematic.) Written and drawn by Al Fago, Timmy the Timid Ghost ran for forty-five issues until September 1966. After a hiatus it returned in 1967, and was published until 1971. In 1985 Timmy the Timid Ghost returned for a brief three issue run. Issues #24-26 (the numbering system was continued from the last publication date) were reprints of previously published stories. This final series ceased publication when Charlton was forced to declare bankruptcy and subsequently went out of business. Homer the Happy Ghost List of ghosts Grand Comics Database Project: ...
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICESOffice of the SecretaryFindings of Research MisconductAGENCY: Office of the Secretary, HHSACTION: Notice.SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that the Office of Research Integrity (ORI) has taken final action in the following case: Anil Potti, M.D., Duke University School of Medicine: Based on the reports of investigations conducted by Duke University School of Medicine (Duke) and additional analysis conducted by ORI in its oversight review, ORI found that Dr.
DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICESOffice of the SecretaryFindings of Research MisconductAGENCY: Office of the Secretary, HHSACTION: Notice.SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that the Office of Research Integrity (ORI) has taken final action in the following case:
Carpenter, Siri (September 14, 2012). "Scientific Misconduct. Government Sanctions Harvard Psychologist". Science. 337 (6100): ... The author of multiple articles in Scientific American, Science, APA Monitor, and other publications, she is a co-founder and ... Carpenter, Siri (June 17, 2015). "How Scott Walker Dismantled Wisconsin's Environmental Legacy". Scientific American. Archived ... Carpenter, Siri (May 1, 2008). "Buried Prejudice". Scientific American Mind. 19 (2): 32-39. doi:10.1038/ ...
Scientific Misconduct Wiki. Archived from the original on 2 February 2009. "Scientific Misconduct Blog". Scientific-misconduct. ... through misrepresentation of scientific findings. In a ruling on September 7, 2006 U.S. District Judge Paul A. Crotty rejected ...
Marusic, Matko (2008-01-26). "Scientific misconduct in Croatia". BMJ : British Medical Journal. 336 (7637): 173-174. doi: ... for scientific work (1985); "Josip Juraj Strossmayer" Prize of Academy of Science and Arts of the Republic of Croatia for the ... for the best scientific paper from fetal diagnostics and therapy (1998); "Maternity Prize" given by European Association of ... scientific book (1990); The Prize of Academy of Science and Art of the Republic of Croatia for the achievements in medical ...
"Findings of scientific misconduct". NIH Guide Grants Contracts: NOT-OD-02-003. October 2001. PMC 4259627. PMID 12449946. " ... was retracted and its author found to have committed scientific misconduct. Studies in cells and laboratory animals have shown ... with Arnold found to have committed scientific misconduct by the United States Office of Research Integrity. It has been ... Some in the scientific community are concerned that exposure to endocrine disruptors in the womb or early in life may be ...
"Scientific misconduct (in German)". Universität Bonn. 2011-07-13. Retrieved 2011-07-13. "Eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit ... At the University of Münster, a text book on scientific writing for lawyers was found to contain massive plagiarism. Ironically ... As of February 2016, 152 dissertations, 8 habilitations, 1 master's thesis, and 1 book on scientific writing have been examined ...
Re: Allegation of Scientific Misconduct against J. O'M Bockris, 31 January 1994. Texas A&M university, Office of the Vice ... "Academic Freedom or Scientific Misconduct?". mikeepstein.com. 29 April 2012. Archived from the original on 29 April 2012. ... An editorial by Mike Epstein in the Journal of Scientific Exploration describes what happened next: A petition signed by 23 of ...
The magnitude of IBT's scientific misconduct was considered to have been extensive: 618 of 867 (71%) of studies audited by the ... IBT was later confirmed of engaging in extensive scientific misconduct, or more properly, fraud, which resulted in the ... Stankovic, Bratislav (2004-01-05). "Pulp Fiction: Reflections on Scientific Misconduct". Wisconsin Law Review. 2004 (3): 1002- ... of suspected scientific misconduct would go on to be presented in March 1977 at Senate Subcommittee on Health and Scientific ...
"I tried to report scientific misconduct. How did it go?". Retrieved 5 April 2021. Southwest University official website Study ... Zhang refused to provide raw data after being accused, allegedly to hide the academic misconduct. Dr. Zhang was reported to the ... However, the letter did not comment on the strongest pieces of evidence for misconduct: the recycled tables, the impossible ... and unrealistic properties in the raw data of the scientific papers. Some papers were corrected by adding constant values to ...
Harassment should count as scientific misconduct. Nature 557: 141. Berhe, A.A., R. Barnes, J. Six and E. Marín-Spiotta. 2018. ...
However, Rich denied any scientific misconduct. The controversy arose from Klug's group not realizing that there were two tRNA ...
The case profoundly impacted the process for handling of scientific misconduct in the United States. Baltimore has been both ... Reich ES (November 24, 2007). "Scientific misconduct report still under wraps". New Scientist (2361): 16. doi:10.1016/S0262- ... Baltimore sits on the Board of Sponsors for the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists and as a senior scientific advisor to the ... "Scientific Fraud in American Political Culture: Reflections on the Baltimore Case , The Institute for Applied & Professional ...
In 2009, several of his publications were retracted from scientific journals after accusations of scientific misconduct ... List of scientific misconduct incidents Hansen, Jeff. "Ex-UAB researcher's work may be fake". The Birmingham News. Retrieved 14 ... When the misconduct inquiry looked for Murthy's work on several of these proteins, no experimental data was made available to ... Murthy still claims he did not commit any misconduct. However, most scientists agree that the evidence against him indicates ...
Cartwright, Jon (May 4, 2010). "AIDS contrarian ignored warnings of scientific misconduct". Nature. doi:10.1038/news.2010.210. ... and a peer reviewer had warned that the authors could face scientific misconduct charges if the paper were published. The ... "AIDS contrarian ignored warnings of scientific misconduct". Nature. doi:10.1038/news.2010.210. Biozentrum Universitaet ... due to the apparent scientific legitimacy his scientific credentials give to his statements. In a 2010 article on conspiracy ...
List of scientific misconduct incidents "Dipak Kumar Das". Hartford Courant. September 19, 2013. Obituaries. Retrieved October ... registration required) DeFrancesco, Chris (January 11, 2012). "Scientific journals notified following research misconduct ... "NHRI Scientific Advisory Board". Natural Health Research Institute. Archived from the original on August 15, 2011. "Activities ... The university notified 11 scientific journals that published papers authored by Das, and the U.S. Office of Research Integrity ...
List of scientific misconduct incidents Newman, Melanie. "Plagiarism probe sees UK scholar quit Belgian post." Times Higher ... In January 2010, the Commission on Scientific Integrity at Katholieke Universiteit Leuven sent notifications to editors who had ... published Stone's works, stating that "the conduct of Martin Stone is highly questionable in terms of scientific integrity" and ...
Patnaik, Pratap R. (2015). "Scientific Misconduct in India: Causes and Perpetuation". Science and Engineering Ethics. 22 (4): ... is an Indian paleontologist from Punjab University who became infamous for large-scale scientific fraud. His publishing record ...
"Actonel Case Media Reports - Scientific Misconduct Wiki". Retrieved 1 April 2010. "Memorial University to re-examine Chandra ... Financial pressures on universities have encouraged this type of misconduct. The majority of recent cases of alleged misconduct ... Biagioli, M. Rights or rewards? Changing frameworks of scientific authorship. In Scientific Authorship, Biagioli, M. and ... Both scientific and academic censure can result from a failure to keep primary data; the case of Ranjit Chandra of Memorial ...
"China introduces 'social' punishments for scientific misconduct".. ...
List of geneticists and biochemists List of Korea-related topics List of Koreans Scientific misconduct, including a list of ... Later controversies would center around scientific misconduct. His team, which cloned the first human embryo to use for ... Schön scandal Haruko Obokata List of scientific misconduct incidents Sources disagree on the birthdate due to confusion between ... Following on the confirmation of scientific misconduct, on January 11, Science retracted both of Hwang's papers on ...
List of scientific misconduct incidents Deer, Brian (2020). The Doctor Who Fooled the World: Science, Deception, and the War on ... Fang FC; Steen RG; Casadevall A (October 2012). "Misconduct accounts for the majority of retracted scientific publications". ... The court relied heavily on Wakefield's discredited Lancet paper and largely ignored the scientific evidence presented to it. ... Godlee F (2011). "Institutional and editorial misconduct in the MMR scare". BMJ. 342: d378. doi:10.1136/bmj.d378. S2CID ...
List of scientific misconduct incidents David J. Miller; Michel Hersen, eds. (1992-03-24). Research fraud in the behavioral and ... Elias Abdel Kuder Alsabti (1954-1990) was an Iraqi medical researcher who was exposed for scientific fraud. Alsabti built a ... He reworked articles from lesser known scientific journals into entries that he submitted for publication elsewhere. He is ...
He is also active in uncovering scientific misconduct. An advocate of using humor to defend science, he once published an essay ... work on airbursts challenged the conventional view of asteroid collision risk and is now widely accepted by the scientific ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) D'Angelo, John (2012). Ethics in science : ethical misconduct in scientific research. ... Srinivasan has published over 130 scientific papers and holds at least 22 US patents. A patent application filed by Stephen ...
List of scientific misconduct incidents Kochan, Carol Ann; Budd, John M. (August 1992). "The Persistence of fraud in the ... The NIH review found that Darsee had committed wide-ranging scientific misconduct, fabricating large amounts of data from ... also criticized Darsee's coauthors for their unfamiliarity with his work and lack of awareness of the scientific misconduct. ... After compiling an impressive list of publications in reputable scientific journals, he was found to have fabricated data for ...
Another field is the study of scientific misconduct. Harris (1979) provides a case study of how a famous experiment in ... Methods of this kind were the ideal when history established itself as both a scientific discipline and as a profession based ... Their conception of history, long been regarded as the beginning of modern, 'scientific' history, harked back to the 'narrow' ... As discussed in the next section, source criticism is intimately linked to scientific methods. The presence of fallacies of ...
List of scientific misconduct incidents "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-03-19. Retrieved 2011- ... and the university is investigating possible charges of scientific misconduct. His case was described at the time as "possibly ... On 10 November 2010 Boldt was suspended from Klinikum Ludwigshafen, a hospital in Germany, for a scientific publication in ... The editors of 16 different scientific journals, including Anesthesia & Analgesia, Anaesthesia, the European Journal of ...
This scientific misconduct scandal occurred in 2014, and involved one of the institute's star surgeons, Paolo Macchiarini. ... It also reported that all of the papers' co-authors had committed scientific misconduct as well. The Nobel Assembly at the ... The board published its findings in October 2017, and concluded that all six demonstrated scientific misconduct, in particular ... The Lancet (2015). "Paolo Macchiarini is not guilty of scientific misconduct". The Lancet. 386 (9997): 932. doi:10.1016/S0140- ...
Also in October, Sweden's national scientific review board found scientific misconduct by Macchiarini and his co-authors in six ... It also said that all of the co-authors had committed scientific misconduct as well. The following papers authored by ... The board published its findings in October 2017, and concluded that all six were the result of scientific misconduct, in ... Shortly afterwards the vice chancellor, Anders Hamsten [sv], who in 2015 had cleared Macchiarini of scientific misconduct, also ...
Audubon was rejected on suspicion of scientific misconduct. Five letters from Audubon to Haines are extant. Haines discovered ... He brought to it indeed no peculiar stores of scientific knowledge & yet, to no one, except its munificent President [William ... and where he was introduced to a wide array of scientific topics including astronomy and natural history. Haines spent only ...
BONNAN, STU (23 August 1993). "19th-century Chemist Kekulé Charged With Scientific Misconduct". Chemical & Engineering News. 71 ...
These included issues about misconduct, but also in regard to operational tactics including claims that officers used loud ... and what activists claim is a demand for the opposite by scientific consensus. Furthermore, the camp attempted to challenge the ...
Magnus Hirschfeld's Scientific-Humanitarian Committee, which promoted tolerance for homosexuals in Germany, welcomed lesbian ... apparently because they were concerned any attention paid to sexual misconduct would also promote it.[116] ... female gender roles and incorrectly designated them mentally ill-a designation which has been reversed in the global scientific ... growth of women's independence and their beginning to reject strictly prescribed roles in the Victorian era to the scientific ...
When a baptized member is accused of committing a serious sin-usually cases of sexual misconduct[116][242] or charges of ... Q. So if there was some external forensic scientific or direct evidence which is not of an observer to the incident, but ... Q. Insofar as a second witness is concerned, is that requirement covered by, for example, scientific evidence? A. Certainly. ... to investigate and decide disciplinary action for cases involving sexual misconduct or doctrinal breaches.[116] New elders are ...
National Commission for Scientific Research and Technology Chile National Natural Science Foundation of China, Ministry of ... Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation Australia Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e ... Research funding is a term generally covering any funding for scientific research, in the areas of natural science, technology ... Scientific innovations often foreshadow or inspire further ideas unintentionally. For example, NASA's quest to put a man on the ...
In December 2017, Wyden called for President Trump to resign over allegations of sexual misconduct and said Congress should ... "report adds to the ever-growing body of scientific evidence and on-the-ground proof that the effects of climate change are ... "Ron Wyden joins calls for Donald Trump to resign over alleged sex misconduct". The Oregonian. ...
"Global scientific community commits to sharing data on Zika".. , Wellcome Trust. *^ "Zero embargo publishers".. , database ... Thus, if one were to be "scooped" without adequate acknowledgement, this would be a case of academic misconduct and plagiarism ... "Scientific Data. 3: 160018. Bibcode:2016NatSD...360018W. doi:10.1038/sdata.2016.18. OCLC 961158301. PMC 4792175. PMID 26978244. ... Bornmann, Lutz (2011). "Scientific Peer Review". Annual Review of Information Science and Technology. 45: 197-245. doi:10.1002/ ...
History and philosophy of science (1960s). After the publication of Thomas Kuhn's well-known The Structure of Scientific ... From this point of view, the study of the motives of scientific history is important for studying the development of ... Kuhn, Thomas (1962). The structure of scientific revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.. ... It states that fields are linked and grow together, and scientific knowledge requires an infrastructure of technology in order ...
In 2004, CSICOP was accused of scientific misconduct over its involvement in the Discovery Channel's test of the "girl with X- ... The Committee for Skeptical Inquiry (CSI), formerly known as the Committee for the Scientific Investigation of Claims of the ... Scientific American Frontiers and Art Bell Hosted by Alan Alda, SAF's episode "Beyond Science"[53] was singled out by the ... Denialism: How Irrational Thinking Hinders Scientific Progress, Harms the Planet, and Threatens Our Lives[59] ...
"I think now the scientific misconduct trial is really fully backed up".[28] Phil Fontanarosa, executive editor of the ... "Scientific American. 292 (6).. *Merck & Co., (5 Nov 2004). Response to Article by Juni et al. Published in The Lancet on Nov. 5 ... Doubt is Their Product Scientific American, June 2004, p. 96-101. *JURIST, Much Pain, Much Gain: Skeptical Ruminations on the ... Merck argued that there was no evidence that rofecoxib was the cause of Humeston's injury and that there is no scientific ...
History and philosophy of science (1960s). After the publication of Thomas Kuhn's well-known The Structure of Scientific ... In a seminal article, Trevor Pinch and Wiebe Bijker attached all the legitimacy of the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge to ... Kuhn, Thomas (1962). The structure of scientific revolutions. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.. ... It states that fields are linked and grow together, and scientific knowledge requires an infrastructure of technology in order ...
... represented by the Tocquevillian quest for community and scientific evidence, used to inform evidence-based policy-making. ...
... research ethics is commonly distinguished from matters of research integrity that includes issues such as scientific misconduct ... Scientific research is a systematic way of gathering data and harnessing curiosity. This research provides scientific ... "The Origins of Science". Scientific American Frontiers. *^ a b c "Research". Merriam-Webster.com. Merriam-Webster, Inc. ... Presently, only scientific research is addressed. You can help by adding to it. (April 2019) ...
Models of scientific inquiry. Main article: Models of scientific inquiry. Classical model. The classical model of scientific ... Scientific method at the Indiana Philosophy Ontology Project. *An Introduction to Science: Scientific Thinking and a scientific ... Karl R. Popper (1963), 'The Logic of Scientific Discovery'. The Logic of Scientific Discovery pp. 17-20, 249-52, 437-38, and ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to Scientific method.. *. Andersen, Anne; Hepburn, Brian. "Scientific Method". In Zalta, ...
This Committee was very active during President Bill Clinton's term; it issued 1,052 subpoenas to probe alleged misconduct by ... and the suppression of accepted scientific data such as that of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration supporting ...
Faunce, T.A. and Jefferys, S. "Whistleblowing and scientific misconduct: Renewing legal and virtue ethics foundations". Journal ... A range of different types of misconduct may be reported under the law, which provides protections for workers from a range of ... In these cases, depending on the information's severity and nature, whistleblowers may report the misconduct to lawyers, the ... There have also been cases of young scientists being discouraged from entering controversial scientific fields for fear of ...
Writing on September 28, FiveThirtyEight found that every scientific poll so far suggests that voters thought Hillary Clinton ... Trump attempted to deflect criticism by making counter-accusations of sexual misconduct against Bill Clinton. Trump had invited ...
The university has contributed to a number of other significant scientific advances. Frederick Kipping, Professor of Chemistry ... "carefully details what appear to be examples of serious misconduct from senior university management over the arrest of two ...
Reasons that have been suggested for this change include the growing power of the nation state, socialism, and scientific ... In early 2013, Cardinal O'Brien resigned as Archbishop of St Andrews and Edinburgh after allegations of sexual misconduct ... against him.[55] Subsequently, there were several other cases of alleged sexual misconduct involving other priests.[56] O'Brien ...
The Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients was also established to conduct ongoing studies into the evaluation and ... and he has recently been accused of alleged research misconduct.[147] ... UNOS then allocates organs based on the method considered most fair by the scientific leadership in the field. The allocation ... Organ Transplant survival rates from the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients. *The Gift of a Lifetime - Online ...
"The Contract Research Organization and the Commercialization of Scientific Research", Social Studies of Science, Vol. 35, No. 4 ... and encouraging them to report any misconduct. International primate trade Laboratory animal sources List of Ebola outbreaks ... "Covance Completes Sale of Pharmaceutical Packaging Business to Fisher Scientific". The Free Library. 2001-02-14. "Periapproval ... Template:Site news "Fisher Scientific Completes Acquisition of Pharmaceutical Packaging Services Business from Covance Inc". ...
Scientific misconduct. *Medical misconduct. *Competence (law). *Competency. *Incompetency. *Termination of the patient- ... There is the use of force in persuasion, which does not have any scientific theories, except for its use to make demands. The ... "the relationship and interplay between everyday folk knowledge and scientific knowledge on persuasion, advertising, selling, ... "mingling of their scientific insights and commonsense beliefs." ...
Media began promoting the value of S&T, scientific thinking, and scientific achievement.[6] The third and fourth generations of ... in a declaration listed various forms of misconduct, plagiarism, and fraud and as well, the penalties for perpetrating them ... "Wild_East_Or_Scientific_Feast_". The Economist. January 16, 2010.. *^ "Short Sharp Science: China attempts to halt unproven ... "Iran showing fastest scientific growth of any country". New Scientist.. *^ Tollefson, Jeff (January 18, 2018). "China declared ...
Elsevier Scientific Pub. Co. p. 147 *^ Sir Alexander Paterson (193?). The Prison Problem of America: (with admiration for those ... staff misconduct; prison gangs; self-harm; and the widespread smuggling of illegal drugs and other contraband.[102] In some ... "Scientific American Mind. 25 (2): 20-23. doi:10.1038/scientificamericanmind0314-20. Archived from the original on 2017-01-18.. ...
"Scientific Reports. 7: 44292. Bibcode:2017NatSR...744292W. doi:10.1038/srep44292. ISSN 2045-2322. PMC 5349572. PMID 28290499.. ... range from relatively benign pranks to protracted patterns of behavior that rise to the level of abuse or criminal misconduct.[ ... A 2017 study published in Scientific Reports found that groups that share painful or strong negative experiences can cause ...
... such as scientific issues related to decomposition and post-mortem dismemberment.[89] ... "Toronto police officer to be charged with misconduct in connection with Bruce McArthur case". CBC News. Toronto: Canadian ...
Reginald Archibald sexual misconduct case. Dr. Reginald Archibald, an endocrinologist at the university from 1948 to 1982 ... "These Men Want The Scientific Community To Acknowledge That A Famous Researcher Sexually Abused Them". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved ... The Rockefeller University is a center for scientific research, primarily in the biological and medical sciences, that provides ... While a student at Johns Hopkins University, Flexner had studied under the Institute's first scientific director, William H. ...
This Act allows public schools to use supplementary material that is critical of the scientific theories such as evolution and ... Over the years, regulations have extended to animal welfare and research misconduct. The federal government also monitors the ... These boards, generally composed of both scientific peers from the institution and lay persons, are tasked with assessing the ... The Nuremberg Code was very influential in shaping regulations of scientific research across the world. For example, the ...
This referred to continual and rigid patterns of misconduct or dysfunction in the absence of apparent mental retardation or ... The German psychiatrist Koch sought to make the moral insanity concept more scientific, and in 1891 suggested the phrase ' ... However, there are numerous possible causes and known risk factors supported by scientific research that vary depending on the ...
Predatory acts by dogs upon humans have occurred, however, and many such incidents were the result of human misconduct. During ... "Scientific Reports. 7 (1): 904. doi:10.1038/s41598-017-00948-5. PMC 5430416. PMID 28424462.. ...
a b Beth Warren, "Jury foreman in West Memphis Three trial of Damien Echols accused of misconduct," Memphis Commercial Appeal, ... Advanced DNA and other scientific evidence - combined with additional evidence from several different witnesses and experts - ... Foreman and jury misconduct (2008). In July 2008, it was revealed that Kent Arnold, the jury foreman on the Echols-Baldwin ... Following a 2010 decision by the Arkansas Supreme Court regarding newly produced DNA evidence and potential juror misconduct, ...
Surgeon Paolo Macchiarini says he has additional clinical records that contradict findings of scientific misconduct by ... Researcher sues over misconduct investigation By Kelly Servick. Dec. 17, 2014. Stem cell researcher Piero Anversa and colleague ... Harvard Misconduct Investigation of Psychologist Released By Jennifer Couzin-Frankel. May. 30, 2014. ... Some scientists are taking it upon themselves to go beyond their core research areas to study where the scientific system can ...
... and applying the results of scientific activities that ensures objectivity, clarity, and reproducibility, and that provides ... Scientific Integrity Scientific integrity is the condition resulting from adherence to professional values and practices when ... Scientific Integrity and Research Misconduct Scientific Integrity. Scientific integrity is the condition resulting from ... Research Misconduct. Research misconduct - a subset of compromised scientific integrity - is defined as fabrication, ...
... has been fired for scientific misconduct by the Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam. According to a statement from Erasmus ... has been fired for scientific misconduct by the Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam. ... has been fired for scientific misconduct by the Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam. ... Research carried out under his leadership was not always performed in accordance with current scientific standards. ...
A rarer case of scientific misconduct is editorial misconduct, where an editor does not declare conflicts of interest, creates ... Some academics believe that scientific colleagues who suspect scientific misconduct should consider taking informal action ... Scientific misconduct is the violation of the standard codes of scholarly conduct and ethical behavior in the publication of ... Media related to Scientific misconduct at Wikimedia Commons Publication ethics checklist (PDF) (for routine use during ...
Findings of Scientific Misconduct. A Notice by the Health and Human Services Department on 12/11/2000. ... Hartzer, former Associate Professor of Biomedical Sciences, Eye Institute, Oakland University, engaged in scientific misconduct ...
The image of scientists as objective seekers of truth is periodically jeopardized by the discovery of a major scientific fraud ... How common is scientific misconduct relative to other types of misconduct seems a more relevant question. ... How Common Is Scientific Misconduct? 253 Posted by Soulskill on Saturday May 30, 2009 @11:28AM. from the dont-steal-plutonium- ... and its left to the scientific community to place value on that work. Viewed on its own, without knowledge of the scientific ...
The image of scientists as objective seekers of truth is periodically jeopardized by the discovery of a major scientific fraud ... How common is scientific misconduct relative to other types of misconduct seems a more relevant question. ... How Common Is Scientific Misconduct? 253 Posted by Soulskill on Saturday May 30, 2009 @10:28AM. from the dont-steal-plutonium- ... it appears likely that this is a conservative estimate of the true prevalence of scientific misconduct, writes Fanelli. It is ...
Findings of Scientific Misconduct. A Notice by the Health and Human Services Department on 10/16/2000. ... French, postdoctoral associate, FCCC, engaged in scientific misconduct by fabricating published research supported by National ... The supervisory plan must be designed to ensure the scientific integrity of Dr. Frenchs research contribution. The institution ...
They branded it scientific misconduct.. Image confusion. Obokata did not appear at the press conference where the committee ... Scientific American is part of Springer Nature, which owns or has commercial relations with thousands of scientific ... Stem-Cell Scientist Found Guilty of MisconductA Japanese researcher stands by her claim to be able to produce stem cells using ... Stem-Cell Scientist Found Guilty of Misconduct. A Japanese researcher stands by her claim to be able to produce stem cells ...
In Denmark, scientific misconduct is defined as "intention[al] or gross negligence leading to fabrication of the scientific ... Scientific misconduct is the violation of the standard codes of scholarly conduct and ethical behavior in the publication of ... "Findings of Scientific Misconduct". National Institutes of Health. 2000-11-29. Retrieved 2018-03-18. "Prof accepts penalty for ... Robert Weinberg (USA), a professor of Biology at MIT, was found to be responsible in five incidents of scientific misconduct ...
Misconduct accounts for the majority of retracted scientific publications Message Subject (Your Name) has sent you a message ... Misconduct accounts for the majority of retracted scientific publications. Ferric C. Fang, R. Grant Steen, and Arturo ... Given that most scientific work is publicly funded and that retractions because of misconduct undermine science and its impact ... Correction for Fang et al., Misconduct accounts for the majority of retracted scientific publications ...
FINDINGS OF SCIENTIFIC MISCONDUCT Release Date: December 10, 2001 NOTICE: NOT-OD-02-018 Department of Health and Human Services ... Xiong engaged in scientific misconduct by plagiarizing and fabricating data in National Institute of General Medical Sciences ( ... scientific misconduct; (e) for the next academic year, Dr. Xiong is required to participate in a course in the responsible ... The plagiarized and fabricated data were essential to the scientific validity of the proposed research and were important for ...
Findings of Scientific Misconduct Notice Number: NOT-OD-06-042. Key Dates. Release Date: February 24, 2006 Issued by. ... Moreover, a longer debarment period is warranted in this case because of an established pattern of misconduct and criminal ... Findings of Scientific Misconduct NOT-OD-06-042. DHHS ...
... one wonders how much more misconduct litters the steady stream of scientific output. Apparently scientists, just like any other ... However, publicly exposed scientific frauds are helping to dispel that notion.. Several recent articles by the British Medical ... Many are now aware that illegitimate conclusions and leaps in logic were used by political and scientific leaders, as well as ... In 2005, MIT fired immunologist Luk Van Parijs for making up data in a published scientific paper, grant applications, and ...
tags: scientific misconduct x neuroscience x The Scientist. » scientific misconduct and neuroscience ...
tags: scientific misconduct x evolution x microbiology x genetics & genomics x The Scientist. » scientific misconduct, ... is also under investigation for alleged scientific misconduct and fraud. ...
Scientific Misconduct. Scientific Misconduct. Falsification and Fabrication of Data. Fabrication refers to the invention, ... Both are serious forms of misconduct because they result in a scientific record that does not accurately reflect observed truth ... Again, deceit plays a central role in this form of misconduct. The intent is the untruthful portrayal of the ideas or methods ... SLAS recognizes that not all inaccurate reports of data are the result of misconduct. SLAS agrees with the Wellcome Trust, ...
p. 212) Scientific Misconduct. (p. 212) Scientific Misconduct.. Chapter:. (p. 171) Ethical and Legal Considerations. Author(s): ... 5.4 Scientific Misconduct.*5.4.1 Misrepresentation: Fabrication, Falsification, and Omission.. *5.4.2 Misappropriation: ... 5.7.2 Confidentiality in Allegations of Scientific Misconduct.. *5.7.3 Confidentiality in Legal Petitions and Claims for ... 5.4.7 Allegations Involving Unresolved Questions of Scientific Misconduct.. *5.4.8 Allegations Involving Manuscripts Under ...
... pseudoscience and scientific misconduct. He said scientists were rather credulous, because the dissemination of scientific ... Scientific Misconduct, Error or Willful Ignorance?. By Stephen M. Perle, DC, MS. I like to perform magic. It is a hobby I ... It also is scientific misconduct or willful ignorance to exclude from a literature review studies that refute the authors ... Misconduct in science comes in many forms. What has been presented here is the easiest form to find: the misrepresenting of ...
Review Board of the Swedish Research Council has handed in its review to KI on the case of suspected scientific misconduct ... The Expert Group on Scientific Misconduct at the Central Ethical ... The Expert Group on Scientific Misconduct at the Central ... Review on suspected scientific misconduct. Published 2017-06-19 23:01. Updated 2017-06-19 23:06Denna sida på svenska ... Review Board of the Swedish Research Council has handed in its review to KI on the case of suspected scientific misconduct ...
"It borders on scientific misconduct." Perhaps more importantly, the group worries that the fallout from the flawed paper could ... Scientists Condemn New FDA Study Saying BPA Is Safe: "It Borders on Scientific Misconduct". Researchers working on a joint NIH- ... Scientists Condemn New FDA Study Saying BPA Is Safe: "It Borders on Scientific Misconduct" ... which is meant to prevent scientific fraud (something that was common in commercial labs before this standard was introduced in ...
Bernhard Holzgraefe and Håkan Kalzén guilty of scientific misconduct. The case relates to the article ... Researchers found guilty of scientific misconduct. Published 2018-01-30 13:41. Updated 2018-01-30 13:51Denna sida på svenska ... A decision is expected from the Vice-Chancellor in the spring regarding scientific misconduct relating to six articles of which ... None of the researchers who have been found guilty of scientific misconduct are employed by Karolinska Institutet and therefore ...
Vitter Calls on White House to Account for Scientific Misconduct in Federal Agencies. ... Scientific misconduct within key federal agencies has given rise to regulatory policies that burden an already beleaguered ... Public trust in federal scientific work is waning and the academic community has gone so far as to call the situation a crisis ... We want the public to be aware of the administration s misconduct, but we also want agencies to be transparent and explain ...
... has been found guilty of scientific misconduct by an investigator from Swedens Karolinska Institute. ...
Policy Statement on Scientific Fraud and Misconduct. Policy Statement on Scientific Fraud and Misconduct. ...
Scientific retractions and corrections related to misconduct findings Message subject: (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you ...
For example, after a credible allegation of scientific misconduct, an editor may need to contact an authors or a reviewers ... In cases of credible allegations of such misconduct, an editor may need to disclose specific confidential information in a very ... Allegations of scientific misconduct (fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism) must be considered carefully vis-à-vis rules ... Confidentiality in Allegations of Scientific Misconduct Confidentiality in Allegations of Scientific Misconduct ...
Scientific misconduct in breast cancer research : hearings before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the ... misconduct> # Scientific Misconduct. a schema:Intangible ;. schema:name "Scientific Misconduct"@en ;. .. ... schema:about scientific_misconduct> ; # Scientific Misconduct. ... schema:name "Scientific misconduct in breast cancer research : hearings before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations ...
About all manner of pharmaceutical scientific misconduct, bad science, and related curious incidents. If youre not outraged, ... Scientific Misconduct Blog. About all manner of pharmaceutical scientific misconduct, bad science, and related curious ...
  • Research misconduct - a subset of compromised scientific integrity - is defined as fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results. (usda.gov)
  • The U.S. National Science Foundation defines three types of research misconduct: fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism. (wikipedia.org)
  • Allegations of scientific misconduct (fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism) must be considered carefully vis-à-vis rules of confidentiality. (amamanualofstyle.com)
  • It is commonly hypothesized that scientists are more likely to engage in data falsification and fabrication when they are subject to pressures to publish, when they are not restrained by forms of social control, when they work in countries lacking policies to tackle scientific misconduct, and when they are male. (lse.ac.uk)
  • The fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, deception or practices that seriously deviate from those that are commonly accepted within the scientific or scholarly community for proposing, conducting or reporting research. (udmercy.edu)
  • While most of this is likely due to sloppy research practices, part of it is due to deliberate falsification or fabrication of data, i.e. research misconduct. (bmartin.cc)
  • However it is clear that some of the errors in the literature, and the failure of research to be reproducible, is due to research misconduct, i.e. the deliberate fabrication or falsification of results. (bmartin.cc)
  • Fabrication, falsification, and plagiarism constitute the core of the definition of scientific misconduct for both NIH and NSF - and among the key elements covered in required training programs in research integrity for both of those agencies. (researchadministrationdigest.com)
  • Included among those 'unexpected consequences' are fabrication and falsification of research results - scientific misconduct. (researchadministrationdigest.com)
  • AAI will evaluate the credibility of all allegations of scientific misconduct, e.g., suspected fabrication or falsification of data, double publication, or plagiarism. (jimmunol.org)
  • They discussed 21 cases of alleged misconduct, including plagiarism, falsification, questions over authorship, fabrication and breach of confidentiality. (blogspot.com)
  • This article, the first of a two-part series on research malfeasance in the biomedical arena, characterises some of the key forms of deliberate misconduct, including falsification of results, peer-review rigging, data over-interpretation and improper or willfully selective sampling practices. (ddw-online.com)
  • Plagiarism is also a form of misconduct, and although it might not cause errors to enter the literature, it undermines trust, creates inefficiencies, and deters honest researchers from careers in science. (bmartin.cc)
  • Stealing Into Print: Fraud, Plagiarism, and Misconduct in Scientific Publishing. (ohio-state.edu)
  • During 2018, anonymous allegations of scientific misconduct by IARC scientists were made on PubPeer and other media outlets. (who.int)
  • The Department has established procedures for reviewing and resolving allegations of research misconduct involving research conducted or funded by USDA. (usda.gov)
  • USDA employees who have good faith and reasonable allegations that scientific integrity has been compromised (including allegations of research misconduct) are encouraged to notify the appropriate USDA Agency Scientific Integrity Officer (ASIO) of their allegations. (usda.gov)
  • Such allegations may be submitted to the appropriate USDA Agency Scientific Integrity Officer, the Departmental Scientific Integrity Officer, and/or the USDA Office of the Inspector General. (usda.gov)
  • Sen. Vitter and several House colleagues, including Rep. Steve Scalise (R-La.), Rep. Bill Cassidy (R-La.) and Rep. John Fleming (R-La.), called for the OIG investigation in response to allegations that officials with Interior had deliberately misrepresented scientific opinion on the merits of the deepwater drilling moratorium in the Gulf of Mexico. (thecre.com)
  • 1. When this IG report became public, who did you contact at Interior to discuss scientific integrity and allegations that Interior violated peer reviewed protocol? (thecre.com)
  • In cases of credible allegations of such misconduct, an editor may need to disclose specific confidential information in a very controlled and limited manner. (amamanualofstyle.com)
  • As a result, federal agencies have mandated that those institutions engaged in federally funded research and related activities initiate formal policies and procedures for dealing with allegations of misconduct. (udmercy.edu)
  • University of Detroit Mercy has, therefore, developed the following policy and procedures for inquiry and investigation of allegations of scientific or scholarly misconduct pertaining to all members of the University community, and to advise the University of Detroit Mercy scientific community of their responsibilities regarding scientific or scholarly misconduct. (udmercy.edu)
  • Only the Corresponding Author, coauthors, and appropriate representative(s) of the relevant institution(s) will be apprised of the status of, or any action(s) taken in response to, allegations of scientific misconduct. (jimmunol.org)
  • These allegations related predominantly to image manipulation in figures in articles published in scientific journals between 2001 and 2016. (who.int)
  • The investigation found no evidence of scientific misconduct and concludes that the allegations are unfounded. (who.int)
  • IARC authors of the scientific papers cited in the allegations will provide their original data to the editors of the journals concerned. (who.int)
  • The number of queries and allegations made to the US Office of Research Integrity has grown, but the frequency of its findings of misconduct has not increased. (plos.org)
  • To this day, most countries, even in Europe, lack national frameworks to deal with allegations of misconduct [25] . (plos.org)
  • In February 2012, after initial investigations into allegations of scientific misconduct , he was dismissed from his position as associate professor of anesthesiology in the Toho University Faculty of Medicine. (wikipedia.org)
  • [2] [6] The editors of Anesthesia & Analgesia did not follow up on the fraud allegations against Fujii until about 2010, when its editor and the editors of several other journals began a coordinated investigation into the integrity of Fujii's scientific publications after the editor of the journal Anaesthesia voiced new concerns. (wikipedia.org)
  • The policy articulates the principles of scientific integrity, and the roles and responsibilities of all USDA employees, including career staff and political appointees, in upholding these principles. (usda.gov)
  • The manual establishes a multi-phase process for responding to scientific integrity concerns in a timely and objective manner, and establishes safeguards for those who report scientific integrity concerns. (usda.gov)
  • In most cases, the allegation should be submitted to the ASIO of the USDA agency/staff office where the alleged compromise of scientific integrity is believed to have occurred. (usda.gov)
  • If a USDA employee believes that an ASIO has a conflict of interest with regard to the allegation or wishes to shield his/her identity from the ASIO, the employee may notify the Departmental Scientific Integrity Officer of the allegation. (usda.gov)
  • Three percent of the 3,475 research institutions that report to the US Department of Health and Human Services' Office of Research Integrity, indicate some form of scientific misconduct. (wikipedia.org)
  • The supervisory plan must be designed to ensure the scientific integrity of Dr. French's research contribution. (federalregister.gov)
  • To understand the reasons for retraction, we consulted reports from the Office of Research Integrity and other published resources ( 7 , 8 ), in addition to the retraction announcements in scientific journals. (pnas.org)
  • Werner Bezwoda (South Africa), formerly of the University of Witwatersrand, admitted to scientific misconduct in trials on high-dose chemotherapy on breast cancer, stating that he had "committed a serious breach of scientific honesty and integrity. (wikipedia.org)
  • For more in-depth information, please refer to the Description of Research Misconduct published in the Council of Science Editor's White Paper on Promoting Integrity in Scientific Journals. (slas.org)
  • Early in his term, Obama issued a Presidential Memorandum on Scientific Integrity that emphasized the importance of sound science in shaping and directing public policy, Vitter, Inhofe and Issa point out in their letter to the White House. (thecre.com)
  • For example, after a credible allegation of scientific misconduct, an editor may need to contact an author's or a reviewer's relevant institutional, funding, or governmental authority (eg, an academic president, dean, or ethics/integrity officer) to request a formal investigation. (amamanualofstyle.com)
  • Results of univariable and multivariable analyses support the hypotheses that academic culture, peer control, cash-based publication incentives and national misconduct policies might affect scientific integrity. (lse.ac.uk)
  • The impact on individual researcher's careers is more significant, with most - but not all - researchers found to have engaged in misconduct by the DHHS Office of Research Integrity experiencing a "severe decline in research productivity. (researchadministrationdigest.com)
  • Research administrators are not directly engaged in research activities, however there are many things we can do to encourage and support research integrity and discourage scientific misconduct. (researchadministrationdigest.com)
  • Paramount is ensuring that our scientific colleagues realize that we value research integrity. (researchadministrationdigest.com)
  • Former Duke University cancer researcher Anil Potti was found guilty of research misconduct yesterday by the federal Office of Research Integrity (ORI), after a multi-year investigation. (mathbabe.org)
  • In Life After Fraud, three scientists give their versions of the facts that led the U.S. Office of Research Integrity (ORI) to declare them guilty of scientific fraud. (sciencemag.org)
  • Scientific Misconduct Notices News Stories on Human Research Protection and Commentary by Vera Hassner Sharav April 22, 2002 Scientific misconduct is a big problem undermining the integrity of the scientific literature. (ahrp.org)
  • Scientific integrity is CDC's hallmark. (cdc.gov)
  • The world's first legal definition of scientific misconduct and the first national office of scientific integrity were only established in the late 1980s, in the United States [24] . (plos.org)
  • Scientific integrity 2.0: misconduct. (bvsalud.org)
  • Will maintain the highest level of integrity of the peer-review process and will uphold the strictest standards of scientific publishing. (liebertpub.com)
  • Although the act of retracting flawed articles helps purge the scientific literature of erroneous or unethical research, citations to such research after its been retracted, presents a real challenge to the integrity of the scientific endeavor. (springer.com)
  • The Hewlett Foundation has funded scientists at Rutgers and Stanford Universities to assess the prevalence of problematic practices that produce questionable scientific findings, alongside the feasibility and potential impact of proposed intervention strategies to improve 'scientific integrity' ( https://hewlett.org/facts-are-stubborn-things-except-when-theyre-not/ ). (ddw-online.com)
  • The workshop raises awareness of professional values and ethical norms, providing some required competencies and skills to pursue scientific integrity. (uni-muenster.de)
  • Integrity of scientific content and authorship disputes continue to plague scientific journals. (nih.gov)
  • The Office of Research Integrity at the Department of Health and Human Services maintains a Web site devoted to research misconduct. (fullerton.edu)
  • At first glance, many of the western blots in the data of nutrition researcher Eric J. Smart, censured yesterday by the US government's Office of Research Integrity over a 10 year career of misconduct, look innocuous. (nature.com)
  • However, a scientist's early-career status, isolation, and lack of scientific integrity might be significant risk factors for producing unreliable results. (pnas.org)
  • However, effect sizes were likely to be overestimated by early-career researchers, those working in small or long-distance collaborations, and those responsible for scientific misconduct, supporting hypotheses that connect bias to situational factors, lack of mutual control, and individual integrity. (pnas.org)
  • Numerous biases have been described in the literature, raising concerns for the reliability and integrity of the scientific enterprise ( 1 ⇓ ⇓ - 4 ). (pnas.org)
  • Updated- Don Poldermans, a well-known researcher in cardiovascular medicine in the Netherlands, has been fired for scientific misconduct by the Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam. (forbes.com)
  • A committee investigating problems in papers claiming a method to apply stress to create embryonic like cells has found the lead researcher guilty of scientific misconduct. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Sasai, who helped Obokata write the paper, and Wakayama, in whose laboratory Obokata worked as a researcher before getting her own research unit, were cleared of involvement in the misconduct but found to carry responsibility for failure to check the data. (scientificamerican.com)
  • Anna Ahimastos-Lamberti (Australia), a former medical researcher, admitted to fabricating scientific results published in numerous international medical journals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ranjit Chandra (Canada), former nutrition researcher at Memorial University of Newfoundland and self-proclaimed "father of nutritional immunology", was in 2015 stripped of his Order of Canada membership following accusations of scientific wrongdoing in his research. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientific misconduct: MIT terminates researcher over data fabrication. (springer.com)
  • Fujii Yoshitaka ) is a Japanese researcher in anesthesiology , who in 2012 was found to have fabricated data in at least 183 scientific papers , setting what is believed to be a record for the number of papers by a single author requiring retractions. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the ACS has every right to criticize the methodology of the study and dispute its findings and conclusions, it is inappropriate to attack the researcher - and to charge him with scientific misconduct - rather than to focus on the research. (blogspot.com)
  • According to David Goodstein of Caltech, there are motivators for scientists to commit misconduct, which are briefly summarised here. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientists depend on a good reputation to receive ongoing support and funding, and a good reputation relies largely on the publication of high-profile scientific papers. (wikipedia.org)
  • The image of scientists as objective seekers of truth is periodically jeopardized by the discovery of a major scientific fraud. (slashdot.org)
  • Daniele Fanelli has an interesting paper on PLoS ONE where she performs a meta-analysis synthesizing previous surveys to determine the frequency with which scientists fabricate and falsify data , or commit other forms of scientific misconduct. (slashdot.org)
  • A pooled, weighted average of 1.97% of scientists admitted to having fabricated, falsified or modified data or results at least once - a serious form of misconduct by any standard - and up to 33.7% admitted other questionable research practices. (slashdot.org)
  • It is likely that, if on average 2% of scientists admit to have falsified research at least once and up to 34% admit other questionable research practices, the actual frequencies of misconduct could be higher than this. (slashdot.org)
  • He said scientists were rather credulous, because the dissemination of scientific information is, in part, dependent on the honesty of the scientist. (dynamicchiropractic.com)
  • The investigation revealed blatant political influence, on what should have been an independent scientific assessment, to inaccurately represent the views of a particular team of scientists. (thecre.com)
  • Scientists guilty of misconduct are found in every field, at every kind of research institution and with a variety of social and educational backgrounds. (blogspot.com)
  • Data suggest , however, that the frequency of scientific misconduct is quite low, which should be reassuring indeed to those respondents to the NSF Science and Engineering Indicators survey who expressed confidence in scientists. (researchadministrationdigest.com)
  • Competition among scientists for academic rewards and research funds, the continued fragmentation and commercialization of science, and reports of scientific misconduct, as well as increasing governmental and legal interference with the inner workings of the scientific community led many within that community to perceive a need for reforms to guide both the conduct of science and the dissemination of scientific information. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The realisation that most retractions follow from scientific misconduct [1] seems to have reinforced, in the minds of both scientists and journalists, the idea that data on retractions, and generally data on findings of misconduct, provide information about the prevalence of fraud itself [2] . (plos.org)
  • I will present four lines of evidence to suggest that retractions have grown not because of rising misconduct-an explanation that I call the "growing misconduct" hypothesis (GMH)-but because scientists have become more aware of and responsive against fraudulent and flawed research. (plos.org)
  • Robert G. Bergman will present "Irreproducibility in the Scientific Literature or: How Often do Scientists Tell the Truth, the Whole Truth and Nothing but the Truth? (grinnell.edu)
  • Since scientific progress builds incrementally upon a solid knowledge foundation laid by our forebears, improprieties not only damage trust in scientific endeavours, but also hinder the ability of honest scientists to produce legitimate research. (ddw-online.com)
  • Scientists follow scientific methods. (enotes.com)
  • On Tuesday, Karolinska Institutet's vice-chancellor Ole Petter Ottersen reached the decision to find Paolo Macchiarini, Philipp Jungebluth, Bernhard Holzgraefe and Håkan Kalzén guilty of scientific misconduct. (ki.se)
  • A decision is expected from the Vice-Chancellor in the spring regarding scientific misconduct relating to six articles of which Paolo Macchiarini was the main author. (ki.se)
  • Italian celebrity surgeon Paolo Macchiarini, who created artificial windpipes with cadaver-derived scaffolding and stem cells, has been found guilty of scientific misconduct by an investigator from Sweden's Karolinska Institute. (georgetown.edu)
  • Posted in Karolinska Institutet , Science and tagged Paolo Macchiarini , Retraction Watch , Scientific misconduct . (scienceplug.com)
  • How Common Is Scientific Misconduct? (slashdot.org)
  • How common is scientific misconduct relative to other types of misconduct seems a more relevant question. (slashdot.org)
  • While a growing number of papers are being retracted, and the biggest reason for retractions is misconduct, it is not clear whether there is an increase in the incidence of misconduct, an increase in awareness, or both. (bmartin.cc)
  • For example, in 2003 the physicist Jan Hendrik Schön retracted no fewer than seven papers from Nature for scientific misconduct ( 'Retractions' realities,' 2003 ), eight from Science, and a further six from Physical Review journals. (bmartin.cc)
  • Corrections to scientific papers have been published for much longer than retractions, and show little sign of a recent increase. (plos.org)
  • Therefore, the rising number of retractions is most likely to be caused by a growing propensity to retract flawed and fraudulent papers, and there is little evidence of an increase in the prevalence of misconduct. (plos.org)
  • Statistics on retractions and findings of misconduct are best used to make inferences about weaknesses in the system of scientific self-correction. (plos.org)
  • Retractions of scientific papers have recently been in the spotlight. (plos.org)
  • The recent growth in retractions, for example, is often invoked as evidence that scientific misconduct is increasing [2] - [4] . (plos.org)
  • 2012 ) studied a large set of more than 2000 retracted articles indexed by PubMed and found that more than 67% of the retractions are due to misconduct, including fraud and suspected fraud. (springer.com)
  • Fraud and misconduct in medical research / edited by Stephen Lock, Frank Wells, Michael Farthing. (who.int)
  • Project on Scientific Fraud and Misconduct: Report on Workshop (1-3). (ohio-state.edu)
  • An information-gathering and initial fact-finding to determine whether an allegation or apparent instance of scientific or scholarly misconduct warrants an investigation. (udmercy.edu)
  • When any other individual receives information concerning possible scientific/scholarly misconduct, he or she shall immediately relay the allegation in writing to the MPO. (udmercy.edu)
  • The initial contact with all parties to an allegation of scientific or scholarly misconduct. (udmercy.edu)
  • No part of these procedures shall, however, be interpreted to preempt either the right of an individual alleging scientific/scholarly misconduct to withdraw that allegation or the right of an individual accused of scientific/scholarly misconduct to concede that misconduct and to propose appropriate remedies. (udmercy.edu)
  • Most journals still lack guidelines and clear policies on how to deal with misconduct and retraction [22] , [23] . (plos.org)
  • Framework for Institutional Policies and Procedures to Deal with Misconduct in Research (Revised Edition). (ohio-state.edu)
  • This embargo policy protects the peer-review process and the newsworthiness of the scientific content of published articles, and minimizes the chance for the appearance of misinformation in the lay press. (jimmunol.org)
  • Eighth International Congress of Peer Review and Scientific Publication: Enhancing the Quality and Credibility of Science, Chicago, Illinois, September 10-12, 2017. (nih.gov)
  • A feasible version of the story follows: as soon as ATS realized the "misconduct", and matched it with the recent story of Macchiarini, took the short cut and retracted the work. (scienceplug.com)
  • [3] Macchiarini has been accused of research misconduct and unethically performing experimental surgeries, even on relatively healthy patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • [7] Shortly afterwards the vice chancellor, Anders Hamsten [ sv ] , who in 2015 had cleared Macchiarini of scientific misconduct also resigned. (wikipedia.org)
  • [12] [13] Also in October, Sweden's national scientific review board found scientific misconduct by Macchiarini and his co-authors in six papers about the procedures, and called for them to be retracted. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is why Seife called for the FDA to make its findings of misconduct readily available, including publishing their investigation results to Clinicaltrials.gov, creating a website or public database that lists all inspections of clinical sites, and links to "relevant, unredacted, inspection-related documents. (medicaldaily.com)
  • While we provide brief information in the EMHJ authors' guidelines and links to relevant sites and publications, we have had no explicit or detailed guidelines on research and publication ethics and EMHJ's position on these issues and response to cases of suspected ethical misconduct. (who.int)
  • Positive citations can be also seen to articles that were retracted due to ethical misconduct, data fabrication and false reports. (springer.com)
  • Hence, retraction is a relatively recent development in the biomedical scientific literature, although retractable offenses are not necessarily new. (pnas.org)
  • SLAS agrees with the Wellcome Trust, Britain's largest biomedical charity, which has specifically stated that research misconduct does not include honest error or honest differences in the design, execution, interpretation, or judgment in evaluating research methods or results. (slas.org)
  • This entry presents an overview of the major ethical issues in biomedical and scientific publishing. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Similarly, findings that more papers are retracted by high-ranking journals, in biomedical fields, and in certain countries, and that more men than women are found guilty of misconduct are used to suggest possible risk factors for scientific misbehaviour [5] - [9] . (plos.org)
  • Real advances in biomedical sciences improve our quality of life and save lives, but the path to these advances is cluttered with the distraction of irreproducible results - an affliction that has reached epidemic proportions and is now a global crisis spanning developed and developing countries alike, with much of the problem arising from scientific misconduct. (ddw-online.com)
  • Francis Collins and Lawrence Tabak, leaders at NIH which funds most of the biomedical research in the United States, acknowledge the prevalence of 'data irreproducibility', but argued that there is no evidence to suggest that irreproducibility is caused by scientific misconduct (3). (ddw-online.com)
  • The biomedical scientific enterprise has changed dramatically over the past decades. (bmj.com)
  • The Expert Group on Scientific Misconduct at the Central Ethical Review Board of the Swedish Research Council has handed in its review to KI on the case of suspected scientific misconduct regarding the scientifc article "Autologous Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells as Treatment in Refractory Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome", published in Respiration in 2015. (ki.se)
  • According to the Swedish Higher Education Ordinance, universities are required to investigate suspected scientific misconduct and, during such an inquiry, may obtain an opinion from the Expert Group for Misconduct in Research at the Central Ethical Review Board, something that was done in the case in question. (ki.se)
  • Considering that these surveys ask sensitive questions and have other limitations, it appears likely that this is a conservative estimate of the true prevalence of scientific misconduct,' writes Fanelli. (slashdot.org)
  • Numerous biases are believed to affect the scientific literature, but their actual prevalence across disciplines is unknown. (pnas.org)
  • The investigating panel described Bridges' conduct as "an egregious misconduct of science that undermines the entire concept and practice of scientific experimentation and ethical responsibility", with NIH later stripping Bridges of his funding. (wikipedia.org)
  • The serious involvement of the government in policing scientific misconduct began only in 1981, when hearings were convened by Al Gore, then a Congressman and chair of the investigations and oversight subcommittee of the House Science and Technology Committee, after an outbreak of egregious scandals. (blogspot.com)
  • This is an egregious betrayal of the scientific method. (blogspot.com)
  • Recently, Annals of Internal Medicine experienced an egregious case of scientific misconduct. (annals.org)
  • Unethical practices in authorship of scientific papers. (springer.com)
  • This is considered as a form of "Group authorship" as per the guidelines of the Council of Scientific editors, since they effectively contributed to criteria 1 and 2 of the ICMJE author requirements (above). (wikiversity.org)
  • None of the researchers who have been found guilty of scientific misconduct are employed by Karolinska Institutet and therefore they will not be subject to any disciplinary measures under employment legislation. (ki.se)
  • Scientific misconduct is the violation of the standard codes of scholarly conduct and ethical behavior in the publication of professional scientific research. (wikipedia.org)
  • Those faculty members who supervise research associates, staff employees or students in research or related activities for which they have been identified as the principal investigator are deemed responsible for overseeing those individuals' scientific or scholarly conduct. (udmercy.edu)
  • Research misconduct (scientific fraud) is the violation of the standard codes of scholarly conduct and ethics in scientific research. (blogspot.co.uk)
  • In this post we will provide background on tafenoquine and an overview of the trials, then in subsequent posts we will describe the conduct of each trial and the emerging evidence of misconduct. (imvalliance.org)
  • Silvia Bulfone-Paus (Germany, UK), an immunologist at the Research Center Borstel and the University of Manchester, has had 13 of her publications retracted following investigations of alleged scientific misconduct involving image manipulation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scientific misconduct in breast cancer research : hearings before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, second session, April 13 and June 15, 1994. (worldcat.org)
  • I thought you might be interested in this item at http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/32266089 Title: Scientific misconduct in breast cancer research : hearings before the Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations of the Committee on Energy and Commerce, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, second session, April 13 and June 15, 1994. (worldcat.org)
  • Of these " only one-third had published summaries of their investigations into research misconduct for 2013-14 . (blogspot.com)
  • 2015. UK universities slow to publish reports of misconduct investigations. (blogspot.com)
  • Nearly 2,000 U.S. and Canadian patients enrolled in the Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study (COMS) were notified of the investigation late last month-an unusual move by the government when investigations of scientific misconduct are under way, but which Broadwell said had been intended to reassure the study subjects that they had not been harmed by the apparent fraud. (chicagotribune.com)
  • However, sometimes misconduct (purposeful or unintentional) can be found by almost anyone with a little detective work. (dynamicchiropractic.com)
  • I am going to give some examples of misconduct, errors or willful ignorance that can be found readily in the chiropractic literature, to give an idea of some of the types of problems that occur. (dynamicchiropractic.com)
  • A new JAMA study found the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is silent on matters of scientific misconduct and fraud. (medicaldaily.com)
  • Scientific American is part of Springer Nature, which owns or has commercial relations with thousands of scientific publications (many of them can be found at www.springernature.com/us ). (scientificamerican.com)
  • it thoroughly investigated this complaint and found no evidence of scientific misconduct. (cdc.gov)
  • Now an investigation committee at the University of Düsseldorf, where he worked until his retirement in 2009, has found evidence of scientific misconduct in papers reporting the trials' findings, according to a statement the university sent to reporters by e-mail. (nature.com)
  • We found little evidence that these biases were related to scientific productivity, and we found no difference between biases in male and female researchers. (pnas.org)
  • Misconduct was reported more frequently by medical/pharmacological researchers than others. (slashdot.org)
  • After all, researchers are expected to be scrupulous in their application of the scientific method to the question at hand. (researchadministrationdigest.com)
  • Medical researchers who commit fraud and research misconduct are caught only when a person of conscience steps up to the plate and blows the whistle. (ahrp.org)
  • The Wellcome Trust and Hewlett Foundation aim to increase the availability of research data generated by global health funding agencies, governments, academic researchers, international organizations and reported in scientific journals. (councilscienceeditors.org)
  • The mission of Open Computer Science is to become a premier publishing venue for researchers to communicate and promote their achievements to the worldwide scientific community. (degruyter.com)
  • This is the first in a series of posts that aims to document this misconduct by ADF officials involved in the AMI's clinical trials of tafenoquine . (imvalliance.org)
  • The results of three of the tafenoquine trials listed below have been published in medical-scientific journals, however the results of the remaining trials have not been published. (imvalliance.org)
  • In the meantime the university is providing no further public information about the nature of the misconduct - nor the outcome of a parallel investigation into the whether clinical trials involving 537 patients complied with rules of good clinical practice and the provisions of the German Medicines Act. (nature.com)
  • While the impact on an individual investigator who engages in misconduct may seem 'appropriate', the full impact of one investigator's misdeeds are much broader than impact to his/her career alone. (researchadministrationdigest.com)
  • Ease of fabrication In many scientific fields, results are often difficult to reproduce accurately, being obscured by noise, artifacts, and other extraneous data. (wikipedia.org)
  • The plagiarized and fabricated data were essential to the scientific validity of the proposed research and were important for NIH's scientific evaluation of the Pigmentation Application. (nih.gov)
  • In 2005, MIT fired immunologist Luk Van Parijs for 'making up data in a published scientific paper, grant applications, and manuscripts. (icr.org)
  • SLAS recognizes that not all inaccurate reports of data are the result of misconduct. (slas.org)
  • Authors denied data, colluding journals, and collusion of the UK regulator (the MHRA) with scientific misconduct. (blogspot.co.uk)
  • Experts will present two key government issues affecting scientific publications, dual use research of concern (DURC) and incentives for data sharing. (councilscienceeditors.org)
  • Scientific misconduct, as defined by British Mathematician Charles Babbage in the 1800s, is a deliberate effort to 'cook' or 'trim' data to support a stated hypothesis (1). (ddw-online.com)
  • An article published last week by The Scientist looks at the short- and long-term consequences of scientific misconduct on the careers of those who perpetrated it. (sciencemag.org)
  • This misconduct undermines the legitimacy of these studies which were used to refute vaccine injury claims in the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (NVICP). (ageofautism.com)
  • The number and frequency of retracted publications are important indicators of the health of the scientific enterprise, because retracted articles represent unequivocal evidence of project failure, irrespective of the cause. (pnas.org)
  • In an article for Slate , study author Charles Seife said the FDA repeatedly hides evidence of fraud from both the public and trusted scientific advisers. (medicaldaily.com)
  • The need for decorum explains why the General Medical Council (GMC) muttered into their beards when presented with evidence of alleged research misconduct involving Dr David Jefferys. (blogspot.com)
  • Kennedy hopes new evidence and a fresh look at criminal misconduct will result in law enforcement action, rigorous and transparent vaccine safety science, and safer vaccines. (ageofautism.com)
  • The internal investigation failed to find any evidence of scientific misconduct. (blogspot.com)
  • Both officials independently reached the conclusion that these materials provide no evidence of scientific misconduct. (blogspot.com)
  • A Lancet review on Handling of Scientific Misconduct in Scandinavian countries gave examples of policy definitions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ms Dresser 1 presents an argument for incorporating mental state concepts into the definitions of scientific misconduct. (jamanetwork.com)
  • Scientific misconduct is violation of scientific methods and accepted practices. (enotes.com)
  • Many are now aware that illegitimate conclusions and leaps in logic were used by political and scientific leaders, as well as others, to twist global temperature trends into what American Thinker called 'the science basis for prosperity-killing international climate policy,' 9 now popularly known as 'climategate. (icr.org)
  • About all manner of pharmaceutical scientific misconduct, bad science, and related curious incidents. (blogspot.com)
  • The emphasis on decorum and status explains why it is considered by some as "impolite" that I accrued extensive tape recordings (sample here or here ) of colleagues and pharmaceutical company executives involved in an unsavory scientific "collaboration" that threatened to damage the science I love and to distort our understanding of a drug [ Link ]. (blogspot.com)
  • To advise on a yearly basis the National Science Foundation, Public Health Service, or any other Federal agency which funds research at University of Detroit Mercy of the existence of the University's administrative process for inquiry and investigation of scientific or scholarly misconduct. (udmercy.edu)
  • Washington, DC - In a new report released today , Robert F. Kennedy, Jr. and his team outlined various criminal acts on the part of employees and consultants for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) whose questionable ethics and scientific fraud have resulted in untrustworthy vaccine safety science. (ageofautism.com)
  • Unfortunately Eastell's defense team appear to understand nothing of science, scientific thinking or scientific ethics. (blogspot.co.uk)
  • According to NSF's Science and Engineering Indicators 2014 , "Americans are more likely to have a "great deal of confidence" in leaders of both the scientific community and the medical community than in leaders of any group except the military. (researchadministrationdigest.com)
  • Misconduct in science seems to be a global phenomenon. (blogspot.com)
  • That conflict is almost universally taken to be a major example of the ongoing friction between religion and science, or between religious authorities and their dogma, on the one hand, and scientific methods of inquiry, on the other. (newworldencyclopedia.org)
  • Be able to describe and contrast science with pseudo-science and scientific misconduct. (enotes.com)
  • The Definition of Misconduct in Science: A View from NSF. (ohio-state.edu)
  • What is Misconduct in Science. (ohio-state.edu)
  • Impure Science: Fraud, Compromise, and Political Influence in Scientific Research. (ohio-state.edu)
  • Science as Intellectual Property: Who Controls Scientific Research? (ohio-state.edu)
  • The woman wrote a letter that made it clear she had done some things she wasn't supposed to do, so that made it easy for us," said a Northwestern faculty member involved in the university's subsequent decision to seek a full-scale investigation of scientific misconduct in the case. (chicagotribune.com)
  • Although the instances of verifiable scientific or scholarly misconduct during the past ten years have remained small in number, they have been highly publicized. (udmercy.edu)
  • Gross negligence in exercising that supervisory responsibility may itself be chargeable as scientific or scholarly misconduct. (udmercy.edu)
  • A formal examination and evaluation of all relevant facts to determine if an instance of scientific/scholarly misconduct has occurred. (udmercy.edu)
  • If scientific/scholarly misconduct is confirmed, the institution's investigation should determine the seriousness of the offense and the extent of any adverse effects resulting from the scientific/scholarly misconduct. (udmercy.edu)
  • The director for Sponsored Projects and Research Activities shall serve as the MPO, and in this role he or she will be the primary recipient of all information concerning possible scientific/scholarly misconduct. (udmercy.edu)
  • To disseminate information regarding the University's policy and procedures for scientific or scholarly misconduct to the University community and to inform the University community of the importance of compliance with those policies and procedures. (udmercy.edu)
  • 1. Anyone having information that leads him/her to believe that a faculty or staff member has committed scientific/scholarly misconduct, should report the matters to the MPO in writing. (udmercy.edu)
  • Scholarly conventions and standards of scientific probity were probably different in the distant past, yet the feuds, priority disputes and porous notions of scientific truthfulness from previous centuries seem contemporary. (blogspot.com)
  • Peer reviewers are selected by the editor to assess the quality of an article's scientific and technical content and to offer advice about publication. (encyclopedia.com)
  • On 22 April 2016, then acting vice-chancellor Karin Dahlman-Wright decided to initiate an inquiry into suspected scientific misconduct due to concerns expressed to KI regarding the article. (ki.se)
  • The major reasons for articles to be retracted are: misconduct and error (Fang et al. (springer.com)
  • The story of tafenoquine's development and introduction to date is alarmingly similar to the story of mefloquine - marred by regulatory shortcuts, cosy relationships between military officials and the pharmaceutical industry, breaches of ethical standards, scientific fraud and medical negligence. (imvalliance.org)
  • Exposing scientific misconduct by pharmaceutical company. (wikileaks.org)
  • At a workshop that we ran in April this year, involving mainly PhD students and early career postdocs from a wide range of universities, we asked participants to complete a questionnaire on misconduct. (blogspot.com)
  • Journal editors, universities, professional associations, funding agencies, and governments have taken active roles in debating and setting ethical standards and editorial policies for the dissemination of scientific information. (encyclopedia.com)
  • I once heard Randi talk about why he, a magician, was in the "business" of debunking psychics, pseudoscience and scientific misconduct. (dynamicchiropractic.com)
  • Pseudoscience, on the other hand, is only portrayed as scientific, but lacks scientific methods and cannot be tested. (enotes.com)
  • The first formal discussion of scientific misconduct was published in 1830 by Charles Babbage , who held Newton's chair at Cambridge and made major contributions to astronomy, mathematics and the development of computers. (blogspot.com)
  • J. S. Youngner , " The scientific misconduct process - A scientist's view from the inside " , Jama-Journal of the American Medical Association , pp. 62-64, 1998. (iit.edu)
  • And when I say "people" I mean a sample community en masse (in this case the research community). (slashdot.org)
  • More news on the scientific jiggery pokery that took place in the MIST trial paid for by NMT Medical, and some emerging news on the usual attempts at cover-up in this case. (blogspot.co.uk)
  • In a long running and very public case of scientific misconduct, Dr. Andrew Wakefield fraudulently claimed to have identified a link between the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine and autism. (researchadministrationdigest.com)
  • Case studies of published articles and journal review processes for assessing manuscripts for DURC will be used to illustrate how DURC relates to scientific publishing. (councilscienceeditors.org)
  • In this case, there was no scientific misconduct. (blogspot.com)
  • It includes links to documents, processes when misconduct is alleged, and case summaries. (fullerton.edu)
  • Rayl, A. J. S. "Misconduct Case Stresses Importance of Good Notekeeping. (ohio-state.edu)
  • Instapundit » Blog Archive » BOGUS ETHICS CHARGE DEBUNKED: University: No Scientific Misconduct In Regnerus Study. (pjmedia.com)
  • These have been truly fascinating, and will surely provide fodder for much discussion about publication ethics and scientific accountibility. (blogspot.co.uk)
  • During the late 1970s and the 1980s, an ethics of scientific publication began to evolve. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Ethics and Policy in Scientific Publication. (ohio-state.edu)
  • The negative Canadian CCSVI diagnostic study, lead by University of British Columbia neurologist Dr. Anthony Traboulsee and published in The Lancet, did not utilize the original scientific protocol of Dr. Paolo Zamboni. (blogspot.com)
  • most of them rely on a record-keeping system called Good Laboratory Practice (GLP), which is meant to prevent scientific fraud (something that was common in commercial labs before this standard was introduced in the 1970s). (motherjones.com)
  • The FDA and otherwise publication bias prevent the public from knowing when scientific misconduct and fraud is at play. (medicaldaily.com)
  • Maintaining the confidentiality of an author's work before publication is an important ethical principle in scientific publishing. (encyclopedia.com)
  • These restrictions do not apply to the presentation of the work at scientific conferences or symposia that precede the actual publication date. (jimmunol.org)
  • As I stated in my commentary on this issue, the presence of deficiencies in research (taking the ACS position to be true) and the publication of results that do not accord with the views of others does not represent scientific misconduct. (blogspot.com)
  • Brain Connectivity is an international neuroscience journal dedicated to the publication of original reports and scientific reviews concerned with all aspects of anatomical, functional, and causal connections between distinct units within the central nervous system. (liebertpub.com)
  • Positive perceptions of specific features of contemporary scientific and publication culture were rare. (bmj.com)
  • The consequences of scientific misconduct can be damaging for perpetrators and journal audience and for any individual who exposes it. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Research: Financial costs and personal consequences of research misconduct resulting in retracted publications , the authors examined publications stemming from NIH awards that we subsequently retracted. (researchadministrationdigest.com)