Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Women: Human females as cultural, psychological, sociological, political, and economic entities.Women's Health: The concept covering the physical and mental conditions of women.Social Sciences: Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Natural Science Disciplines: The sciences dealing with processes observable in nature.Behavioral Sciences: Disciplines concerned with the study of human and animal behavior.Pregnant Women: Human females who are pregnant, as cultural, psychological, or sociological entities.Battered Women: Women who are physically and mentally abused over an extended period, usually by a husband or other dominant male figure. Characteristics of the battered woman syndrome are helplessness, constant fear, and a perceived inability to escape. (From American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 3d ed)Religion and ScienceLibrary Science: Study of the principles and practices of library administration and services.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Women's Rights: The rights of women to equal status pertaining to social, economic, and educational opportunities afforded by society.Women's Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to women. It excludes maternal care services for which MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES is available.United StatesInformation Science: The field of knowledge, theory, and technology dealing with the collection of facts and figures, and the processes and methods involved in their manipulation, storage, dissemination, publication, and retrieval. It includes the fields of COMMUNICATION; PUBLISHING; LIBRARY SCIENCE; and informatics.Women, Working: Women who are engaged in gainful activities usually outside the home.Libraries, MedicalPostmenopause: The physiological period following the MENOPAUSE, the permanent cessation of the menstrual life.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Sex Factors: Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.Research: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)Cohort Studies: Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.National Academy of Sciences (U.S.): A United States organization of distinguished scientists and engineers established for the purpose of investigating and reporting upon any subject of art or science as requested by any department of government. The National Research Council organized by NAS serves as the principal operating agency to stimulate and support research.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Physicians, Women: Women licensed to practice medicine.Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Pregnancy Complications, Infectious: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and an INFECTION. The infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Cognitive Science: The study of the precise nature of different mental tasks and the operations of the brain that enable them to be performed, engaging branches of psychology, computer science, philosophy, and linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Menopause: The last menstrual period. Permanent cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) is usually defined after 6 to 12 months of AMENORRHEA in a woman over 45 years of age. In the United States, menopause generally occurs in women between 48 and 55 years of age.Body Mass Index: An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Case-Control Studies: Studies which start with the identification of persons with a disease of interest and a control (comparison, referent) group without the disease. The relationship of an attribute to the disease is examined by comparing diseased and non-diseased persons with regard to the frequency or levels of the attribute in each group.Parity: The number of offspring a female has borne. It is contrasted with GRAVIDITY, which refers to the number of pregnancies, regardless of outcome.Premenopause: The period before MENOPAUSE. In premenopausal women, the climacteric transition from full sexual maturity to cessation of ovarian cycle takes place between the age of late thirty and early fifty.Incidence: The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Prenatal Care: Care provided the pregnant woman in order to prevent complications, and decrease the incidence of maternal and prenatal mortality.Uterine Cervical Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the UTERINE CERVIX.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Mass Screening: Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.Logistic Models: Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.Vaginal Smears: Collection of pooled secretions of the posterior vaginal fornix for cytologic examination.Translational Medical Research: The application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans. A second area of translational research concerns enhancing the adoption of best practices.Biology: One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.Philosophy: A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Postpartum Period: In females, the period that is shortly after giving birth (PARTURITION).Laboratory Animal Science: The science and technology dealing with the procurement, breeding, care, health, and selection of animals used in biomedical research and testing.Obesity: A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).Nutritional Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.Technology: The application of scientific knowledge to practical purposes in any field. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.Sex Characteristics: Those characteristics that distinguish one SEX from the other. The primary sex characteristics are the OVARIES and TESTES and their related hormones. Secondary sex characteristics are those which are masculine or feminine but not directly related to reproduction.Mammography: Radiographic examination of the breast.Odds Ratio: The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.History, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Infertility, Female: Diminished or absent ability of a female to achieve conception.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.European Continental Ancestry Group: Individuals whose ancestral origins are in the continent of Europe.Vagina: The genital canal in the female, extending from the UTERUS to the VULVA. (Stedman, 25th ed)Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Awards and PrizesLibrary Services: Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Librarians: Specialists in the management of a library or the services rendered by a library, bringing professional skills to administration, organization of material and personnel, interpretation of bibliothecal rules, the development and maintenance of the library's collection, and the provision of information services.Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.Diet: Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.Teaching: The educational process of instructing.Longitudinal Studies: Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.Smoking: Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: A complex disorder characterized by infertility, HIRSUTISM; OBESITY; and various menstrual disturbances such as OLIGOMENORRHEA; AMENORRHEA; ANOVULATION. Polycystic ovary syndrome is usually associated with bilateral enlarged ovaries studded with atretic follicles, not with cysts. The term, polycystic ovary, is misleading.Risk: The probability that an event will occur. It encompasses a variety of measures of the probability of a generally unfavorable outcome.Educational Status: Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.National Institutes of Health (U.S.): An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.Cervix Uteri: The neck portion of the UTERUS between the lower isthmus and the VAGINA forming the cervical canal.Regression Analysis: Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.Societies: Organizations composed of members with common interests and whose professions may be similar.Menstruation: The periodic shedding of the ENDOMETRIUM and associated menstrual bleeding in the MENSTRUAL CYCLE of humans and primates. Menstruation is due to the decline in circulating PROGESTERONE, and occurs at the late LUTEAL PHASE when LUTEOLYSIS of the CORPUS LUTEUM takes place.Osteoporosis, Postmenopausal: Metabolic disorder associated with fractures of the femoral neck, vertebrae, and distal forearm. It occurs commonly in women within 15-20 years after menopause, and is caused by factors associated with menopause including estrogen deficiency.Contraceptives, Oral: Compounds, usually hormonal, taken orally in order to block ovulation and prevent the occurrence of pregnancy. The hormones are generally estrogen or progesterone or both.National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports basic and applied research to reduce the burden of human illness and dysfunction from environmental causes by, defining how environmental exposures, genetic susceptibility, and age interact to affect an individual's health. It was established in 1969.Library Surveys: Collection and analysis of data pertaining to operations of a particular library, library system, or group of independent libraries, with recommendations for improvement and/or ordered plans for further development.Pregnancy Trimester, Third: The last third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 29th through the 42nd completed week (197 to 294 days) of gestation.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.Interviews as Topic: Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.Societies, Scientific: Societies whose membership is limited to scientists.Age Distribution: The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Patient Acceptance of Health Care: The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.Spouse Abuse: Deliberate severe and repeated injury to one domestic partner by the other.Pre-Eclampsia: A complication of PREGNANCY, characterized by a complex of symptoms including maternal HYPERTENSION and PROTEINURIA with or without pathological EDEMA. Symptoms may range between mild and severe. Pre-eclampsia usually occurs after the 20th week of gestation, but may develop before this time in the presence of trophoblastic disease.Nobel PrizeStudents: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Abortion, Spontaneous: Expulsion of the product of FERTILIZATION before completing the term of GESTATION and without deliberate interference.Papanicolaou Test: Cytological preparation of cells collected from a mucosal surface and stained with Papanicolaou stain.Papillomavirus Infections: Neoplasms of the skin and mucous membranes caused by papillomaviruses. They are usually benign but some have a high risk for malignant progression.Delivery, Obstetric: Delivery of the FETUS and PLACENTA under the care of an obstetrician or a health worker. Obstetric deliveries may involve physical, psychological, medical, or surgical interventions.Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Abortion, Induced: Intentional removal of a fetus from the uterus by any of a number of techniques. (POPLINE, 1978)Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Urban Population: The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.Cesarean Section: Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.Bone Density: The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.Knowledge: The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.Contraception: Prevention of CONCEPTION by blocking fertility temporarily, or permanently (STERILIZATION, REPRODUCTIVE). Common means of reversible contraception include NATURAL FAMILY PLANNING METHODS; CONTRACEPTIVE AGENTS; or CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES.Confidence Intervals: A range of values for a variable of interest, e.g., a rate, constructed so that this range has a specified probability of including the true value of the variable.Sex Distribution: The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Career Mobility: The upward or downward mobility in an occupation or the change from one occupation to another.Engineering: The practical application of physical, mechanical, and mathematical principles. (Stedman, 25th ed)History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Great BritainSchools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Behaviorism: A psychologic theory, developed by John Broadus Watson, concerned with studying and measuring behaviors that are observable.Ethnic Groups: A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Linear Models: Statistical models in which the value of a parameter for a given value of a factor is assumed to be equal to a + bx, where a and b are constants. The models predict a linear regression.Estrogens: Compounds that interact with ESTROGEN RECEPTORS in target tissues to bring about the effects similar to those of ESTRADIOL. Estrogens stimulate the female reproductive organs, and the development of secondary female SEX CHARACTERISTICS. Estrogenic chemicals include natural, synthetic, steroidal, or non-steroidal compounds.Life Style: Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)Education, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.JapanInfectious Disease Transmission, Vertical: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens from one generation to another. It includes transmission in utero or intrapartum by exposure to blood and secretions, and postpartum exposure via breastfeeding.Hispanic Americans: Persons living in the United States of Mexican (MEXICAN AMERICANS), Puerto Rican, Cuban, Central or South American, or other Spanish culture or origin. The concept does not include Brazilian Americans or Portuguese Americans.Reference Values: The range or frequency distribution of a measurement in a population (of organisms, organs or things) that has not been selected for the presence of disease or abnormality.Biological Markers: Measurable and quantifiable biological parameters (e.g., specific enzyme concentration, specific hormone concentration, specific gene phenotype distribution in a population, presence of biological substances) which serve as indices for health- and physiology-related assessments, such as disease risk, psychiatric disorders, environmental exposure and its effects, disease diagnosis, metabolic processes, substance abuse, pregnancy, cell line development, epidemiologic studies, etc.CaliforniaInterdisciplinary Studies: Programs of study which span the traditional boundaries of academic scholarship.IndiaEndometriosis: A condition in which functional endometrial tissue is present outside the UTERUS. It is often confined to the PELVIS involving the OVARY, the ligaments, cul-de-sac, and the uterovesical peritoneum.SwedenCongresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and a cardiovascular disease. The disease may precede or follow FERTILIZATION and it may or may not have a deleterious effect on the pregnant woman or FETUS.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Sociology: A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.Alcohol Drinking: Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Information Dissemination: The circulation or wide dispersal of information.Aging: The gradual irreversible changes in structure and function of an organism that occur as a result of the passage of time.Sensitivity and Specificity: Binary classification measures to assess test results. Sensitivity or recall rate is the proportion of true positives. Specificity is the probability of correctly determining the absence of a condition. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Marital Status: A demographic parameter indicating a person's status with respect to marriage, divorce, widowhood, singleness, etc.Health Behavior: Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Contraceptive Agents, Female: Chemical substances or agents with contraceptive activity in females. Use for female contraceptive agents in general or for which there is no specific heading.Diabetes, Gestational: Diabetes mellitus induced by PREGNANCY but resolved at the end of pregnancy. It does not include previously diagnosed diabetics who become pregnant (PREGNANCY IN DIABETICS). Gestational diabetes usually develops in late pregnancy when insulin antagonistic hormones peaks leading to INSULIN RESISTANCE; GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE; and HYPERGLYCEMIA.Marriage: The social institution involving legal and/or religious sanction whereby individuals are joined together.Library Collection Development: Development of a library collection, including the determination and coordination of selection policy, assessment of needs of users and potential users, collection use studies, collection evaluation, identification of collection needs, selection of materials, planning for resource sharing, collection maintenance and weeding, and budgeting.Journal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.BooksPredictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Stress, Psychological: Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.Cardiovascular Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.Library AssociationsCanada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.Contraception Behavior: Behavior patterns of those practicing CONTRACEPTION.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Perimenopause: The transitional period before and after MENOPAUSE. Perimenopausal symptoms are associated with irregular MENSTRUAL CYCLE and widely fluctuated hormone levels. They may appear 6 years before menopause and subside 2 to 5 years after menopause.Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic: Works about clinical trials that involve at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.Facility Design and Construction: Architecture, exterior and interior design, and construction of facilities other than hospitals, e.g., dental schools, medical schools, ambulatory care clinics, and specified units of health care facilities. The concept also includes architecture, design, and construction of specialized contained, controlled, or closed research environments including those of space labs and stations.Physics: The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Proportional Hazards Models: Statistical models used in survival analysis that assert that the effect of the study factors on the hazard rate in the study population is multiplicative and does not change over time.HumanitiesFamily Planning Services: Health care programs or services designed to assist individuals in the planning of family size. Various methods of CONTRACEPTION can be used to control the number and timing of childbirths.Poverty: A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Vaginosis, Bacterial: Polymicrobial, nonspecific vaginitis associated with positive cultures of Gardnerella vaginalis and other anaerobic organisms and a decrease in lactobacilli. It remains unclear whether the initial pathogenic event is caused by the growth of anaerobes or a primary decrease in lactobacilli.Menstruation Disturbances: Variations of menstruation which may be indicative of disease.Anthropometry: The technique that deals with the measurement of the size, weight, and proportions of the human or other primate body.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Library Automation: The use of automatic machines or processing devices in libraries. The automation may be applied to library administrative activities, office procedures, and delivery of library services to users.Estradiol: The 17-beta-isomer of estradiol, an aromatized C18 steroid with hydroxyl group at 3-beta- and 17-beta-position. Estradiol-17-beta is the most potent form of mammalian estrogenic steroids.Forecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Pilot Projects: Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.National Library of Medicine (U.S.): An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic: The co-occurrence of pregnancy and parasitic diseases. The parasitic infection may precede or follow FERTILIZATION.Maternal Age: The age of the mother in PREGNANCY.Library Administration: Planning, organizing, staffing, direction, and control of libraries.Academic Medical Centers: Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.Breast Feeding: The nursing of an infant at the breast.Education: Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.Pregnancy Trimester, Second: The middle third of a human PREGNANCY, from the beginning of the 15th through the 28th completed week (99 to 196 days) of gestation.Scientific Misconduct: Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.
Women; Animal Welfare; Rural Affairs; Science; and the Hunter region.[self-published source?][dead link] Rhiannon contested and ... and in the same period was the NSW secretary of the Union of Australian Women. She attended the World Congress of Women in ... "Lee Rhiannon: A Lifetime of Political Activism" (PDF). Women in Australia. p. 237. "Q&A Panellist: Lee Rhiannon". ABC TV. ... "Lee Rhiannon: A Lifetime of Political Activism" (PDF). Women in Australia. p. 237. Murray, Suellen. "Lee Rhiannon: A Lifetime ...
Campbell, A (1999). "Staying alive: Evolution, culture, and women's intrasexual aggression". Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 22 ... Campbell found that men are more likely than women to report that their aggression was a means to an end, while women are more ... She argued that, while competition is important for women as well as men, women's competition takes less direct and risky forms ... In the 1980s she studied female violence through ethnographic work with female gang members in New York. She subsequently ...
... women's studies; American, British, and Latin American literary criticism; political science; regional studies; and creative ... The Southern Women Series, edited by Theda Perdue, Betty Brandon, and Virginia Bernhard. The Paul Anthony Brick Lectures, which ... Born in Cologne, Germany, he studied at the University of Vienna, where he became a professor of political science in the ...
Lead author of the UN Women 2014 World Survey on the Role of Women in Development on gender equality and sustainable ... European Association for the Study of Science and Technology Ziman Prize for public engagement with science, for STEPS Centre ' ... the United Kingdom's national academy for the humanities and social sciences. Vice-Chair of the Science Committee of Future ... World social science report, 2013, pp. 84-89. Fairhead, J., Leach, M. and Scoones, I., 2012. Green Grabbing: a new ...
He enjoyed reading about science and filled the home with plenty of books on popular science. When she was in the sixth grade, ... Powell, Kendall (2005). "Renaissance Women". HHMI Bulletin. Archived from the original on September 23, 2012. Retrieved August ... She was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2002, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2003, the National ... Science. 244 (4905): 692-694. Bibcode:1989Sci...244..692R. doi:10.1126/science.2470151. PMID 2470151. "Jennifer A. Doudna, Ph.D ...
Bonnier Corporation (March 1931). Popular Science. Bonnier Corporation. p. 39. ISSN 0161-7370. Gruskin, Nancy. "Designing Women ... She worked with Martha Graham and Alice D. Laughlin to create the first woman produced Broadway theatre production. Natalie ...
Science. 318 (5848): 196. Bibcode:2007Sci...318..196M. doi:10.1126/science.1146084. PMID 17932271. M A Mainster (2006). "Violet ... San Diego woman Concetta Antico diagnosed with 'super vision' Published on 22 Nov 2013 Richard C. Francis (2011). "Chapter 8. X ... Science. 315 (5819): 1723-1725. Bibcode:2007Sci...315.1723J. doi:10.1126/science.1138838. PMID 17379811. (Registration required ... One study suggested that 2-3% of the world's women might have the type of fourth cone whose sensitivity peak is between the ...
"Women in Science". 3/6/09. Bryn Mawr College. Retrieved June 20, 2013. Works by Nettie Maria Stevens at Project Gutenberg Works ... Stevens was one of the first American women to be recognized for her contribution to science. She did not start her research ... Morgan, T.H. (October 12, 1912). "The Scientific Work of Miss N. M. Stevens". Science. 36 (298): 468-70. doi:10.1126/science. ... Science, Vol. 36 (No. 928), October, 1912) Brush, Stephen G. (June 1978). "Nettie M. Stevens and the Discovery of Sex ...
She has been named an honorary doctor of medical sciences by Yale University and was conferred honorary doctorates of science ... 2009 Texas Women's Hall of Fame Award, Texas Governor's Commission for Women 2008 Robert J. and Claire Pasarow Foundation Award ... "Zoghbi, Huda". Texas Women's University. Archived from the original on 8 February 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2015. "Tony Hunter ... Zoghbi has been elected to the National Academy of Sciences, the Institute of Medicine, and the American Association for the ...
"The Women Scientists of India , Women in Science , Initiatives , Indian Academy of Sciences". Retrieved 2018-01- ... "Prabha Chatterji". Women in science: an Indian Academy of Sciences initiative. Indian Academy of Sciences. 2007. Retrieved 17 ... Chatterji, Prapha (2007). "Lilavati's Daughters: The Women Scientists of India". Indian Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 2014-03- ... As a college student, she was awarded National Science Talent Search Scholarship by Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. ...
... in the 2016 Birthday Honours for services to plant science research and women in science. Dean was awarded with the Darwin ... Dean, Caroline; Osborn, Mary; Oshlack, Alicia; Thornton, Janet (2012). "Women in science". Genome Biology. 13 (3): 148. doi: ... Science. 290 (5490): 344-347. Bibcode:2000Sci...290..344J. doi:10.1126/science.290.5490.344. PMID 11030654. Lister, C.; Dean, C ... Science. 282 (5389): 662, 679-82. Bibcode:1998Sci...282..662M. doi:10.1126/science.282.5389.662. PMID 9784120. Bastow, R.; ...
... ". Women in Science. Canadian Science Publishing. Archived from the original on 2015-12-08. ... She is a professor in the Department of Plant Sciences at Laval University. Rochefort has held the Natural Sciences and ...
I had trouble deciding whether it was science fiction as pornography or science fiction as soap opera Pederson, James (1995). ... Three recent novels, all by women, cry out to be reviewed together (Pay site.) Jonas, Gerald (January 23, 1983). "Review of the ... James Guide to Science Fiction Writers. St. James Press. pp. 581-2. "Chronology of the Sime~Gen Universe". Internet Speculative ... Bacon-Smith, Camille (1999). Science Fiction Culture. University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 115, 206. Bacon-Smith, Camille ( ...
Dean, Caroline; Osborn, Mary; Oshlack, Alicia; Thornton, Janet (2012). "Women in Science". Genome Biology. 13 (3): 148-201. doi ... L'Oréal-UNESCO Awards for Women in Science laureate Osborn, Mary (1967). The Determination and Use of Mutagen Specificity in ... Watt, F. M. (2004). "Mary Osborn". Journal of Cell Science. 117 (8): 1285-1286. doi:10.1242/jcs.01099. ... Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 60 (3): 1030-7. doi:10.1073/pnas.60.3.1030. ...
"Signe Normand" (in Danish). Women in Science. Retrieved 19 November 2015. "Signe Normand". Retrieved 20 ... one of the L'Oréal-UNESCO Awards for Women in Science. Normand became interested in natural history as a child when her ...
Revealing new worlds: three Victorian women naturalists. Women in science. 3. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-27069-3. ...
22 p. 527 Ogilvie, Marilyn B. (1986). Women in Science. The MIT Press. p. 181. ISBN 0-262-15031-X. Bresinsky, Tatiana (2000). " ... The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: Pioneering Lives from Ancient Times to the Mid-Twentieth Century. New York: ...
She then joined The Commercial as a columnist for its "Women in Business" column. McCarroll served as the woman's page editor ... "Special Science Report". Newsweek. 55 (10-17). "Journalism Society Will Give Six Awards". The New York Times. 9 April 1952. " ... McCarroll was the first woman issued a press pass by the New York Stock Exchange in New York City. She attained the press pass ... She also served as the women's editor at the New York Evening Post (now The New York Post). During the 1930s, McCarroll wrote ...
Women in Science. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Somerville, Mary (2001). Queen of Science: Personal Recollections ... Cole, Ellen (2013). Women's Work: A Survey of Scholarship By and About Women. Routledge. pp. 55-56. ISBN 9781136376276. Ogilvie ... Ellen Cole, Esther D Rothblum & Donna M Ashcraft (2013). Women's Work: A Survey of Scholarship By and About Women. Routledge. ...
Harvey, Joy (2000). Women in Science. New York: Routledge. pp. 99-100. ISBN 0-415-92038-8. Alfred Friendly, Beaufort of the ... Her whole family was interested or connected to science. Both Harriet and Louisa's books were published in hopes to support ...
She was the youngest woman ever to be elected the Head of Government and the first woman to be elected as the Head of ... science and technology; social welfare; special education; sports; state and frontier regions; tourism; water and power; ... There are also 50+ special seats for women now, and women are selected (i.e. not directly elected in the general election but ... women's development; and youth affairs. The bicameral federal legislature consists of the Senate (upper house) and National ...
"A Woman on the Supreme Bench?". Christian Science Monitor. March 12, 1930. p. 18. "Must outlaw war says woman judge". The New ... Ripley, Josephine (Christian Science Monitor). "Political Accent on Women". Christian Science Monitor. p. 16. Check date values ... With women on the jury and a woman judge, legal critics wondered whether the stereotype about women being emotional, and thus ... "New Woman Judge Was at One Time Newspaper Woman". Atlanta Constitution. November 12, 1922. p. 3. "The Career of a Woman Jurist ...
Ogilvie, Marilyn; Joy Harvey (2000). Women in Science. 29 West 35th St New York NY 10001: Routledge. p. 173. ISBN 0-415-92038-8 ... ISBN 0-313-29180-2. Grinstein, Louise S.; Biermann, Carol A.; Rose, Rose K. (1997). Women in the Biological Sciences. Westport ... Stuckey, R.N. (1997) Emma Lucy Braun (1889-1971), in: Women in the Biological Sciences: A Biobibliographic Sourcebook (eds ... Grinstein, Louise S.; Biermann, Carol A.; Rose, Rose K. (1997). Women in the Biological Sciences. Westport, Connecticut: ...
Dean, Caroline; Osborn, Mary; Oshlack, Alicia; Thornton, Janet (2012). "Women in science". Genome Biology. 13 (3): 148. doi: ... Women In Astronomy: Career Profiles: Astronomer to Head of Bioinformatics Melbourne Genomics Alicia Oshlack , Beyond the Genome ... For this work Alicia Oshlack was awarded the Ruth Gani Medal for Human Genetics from the Australian Academy of Science in 2011 ... Australian Academy of Science - Awardees for 2011 Victorian Clinical Genetics Services (VCGS) Majewski, I. J.; Mittempergher, L ...
"Opinion: Big Science Needs a Big Telescope". ABC Science. Retrieved 2012-02-14. "Astrophysicist Lisa Harvey-Smith it doing the ... From 2012-15 Harvey-Smith served as Chair of the steering committee of the Women in Astronomy Chapter of the Astronomical ... She has also appeared on radio numerous times including the science hour on [[Triple J]] with Karl Kruszelnicki and The Science ... developing the SKA's science case; contributing to science and engineering developments; and playing a leading scientific role ...
Women and Computers; Worcester Chapter; ZITEL Monthly Computer Update - later BCS Magazine The Active Window (Macintosh) Amiga ... Science/Engineering; Programming; Social Impact; Telecommunications; Texas Instruments; TI Pro; Training & Documentation; User ...
a b c Christiane Harzig, "The Role of German Women in the German-American Working-Class Movement in Late Nineteenth-Century New ... Socialist Party of America, How to Organize, Maintain, and Conduct the 'SSS' (Socialist Schools of Science, Sometimes ... Look forward to the day when all men and women will be free citizens of one fatherland and live together as brothers and ... See: Christiane Harzig, "The Role of German Women in the German-American Working-Class Movement in Late Nineteenth-Century New ...
Science-Health 12. Sports 13. Finance 14. Social 15. Drink 16. Wines 17. Women 18. Motoring 19. Tourism 20. Dentro del alma 21 ...
... the UNESCO Award for Women in Science Prize, representing Europe (2008); the Palade Gold Medal (2008); the Albert Einstein ... the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, the European Academy of Sciences and ... 13] "Involvement of RNA in the synthesis of proteins": J. D. Watson, Science 1963, 140, 17 - 26. [14] "The origin of the ... Support was provided by the US National Institutes of Health (GM34360), the German Ministry for Science and Technology 2010 ...
... two scientists who championed an overlooked protein and a pioneering researcher who helped advance the careers of other women. ... Since then, she gives talks about how to encourage more women in science and is also being recognized for her work as a mentor ... Like the Science Times page on Facebook. , Sign up for the Science Times newsletter.] ... "When I started out being excited by science - but seeing that there werent any women scientists - I thought I had no prospects ...
... and awards for women in science Timeline of women in science in the United States Women in computing Women in engineering Women ... African American women in computer science History of science List of inventions and discoveries by women Index of women ... Women in chemistry Women in medicine Women in STEM fields Women in the workforce Women in climate change Working Group on Women ... "Science And Women". Womens Studies Encyclopedia. Retrieved 9 November 2013. Hahm, J-o. Data on Women in S&E. From: Women, ...
Women in science may refer to: Women in science, Women have made significant contributions to science from the earliest times ... women in the fields of Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM fields) Organization for Women in Science for ... the Developing World, international forum that awards fellowships in science. ...
And theres nothing like childrens science books about women in science! Check out the Kickstarter for Science Wide Open: ... Continuing in a tradition of having Women in Science Wikipedia Edit-a-thons, were hosting our own Wikipedia Women in Science ... Happy International Womens Day. In the midst of todays hand wringing about women in science, heres some good news: The ... Science Wide Open: Childrens Books about Women in Science When children ask questions, their whole world becomes their ...
Energy Healing has the significant capability to alter the immunomodulatory activity of the herbomineral formulation in female ... J Womens Health Care 4: 271.. [22] Trivedi MK, Branton A, Trivedi D, Nayak G, Mondal SC, Jana S (2015) Evaluation of ... Journal: Science Journal of Analytical Chemistry. *Liquid Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS) Analysis of Withania ... Randomly breed healthy female Sprague Dawley rats body weight ranges between 132-183 grams, were used for the study. All the ...
... stories have gone largely untold about world-changing accomplishments by dozens of female pioneers in science, medicine and ... 52 Women Who Changed Science and the World." Click through the gallery to learn more about some of these female pioneers. ... 52 Women who Changed Science-and the World," sheds fresh light on these fascinating women who pushed themselves to succeed in ... "We could talk more about the history of women in science in our schools," Swaby said. "It would be really great to have some of ...
Where are the women: a benchmark study of women in high-technology fields in science and technology in British Columbia. In: ... Focus on Women in Computer Science. Mark S. Hancock, Rhian Davies, Joanna McGrenere. Department of Computer Science. University ... A female faculty member hosts an annual dinner for all the female faculty and graduate students in the Computer Science ... The Computer Science Department, along with the Focus on Women in Computer Science (FoWCS) committee is currently involved in a ...
... as part of an ongoing conversation about what science fiction is, and whether women can write it. (Short answer: Yes!) ... sci-fi and fantasy magazine Lightspeed features all female authors, ... Review: Women Destroy Science Fiction! This month, sci-fi and fantasy magazine Lightspeed features all female authors, as ... that women dont write science fiction. Put a little more rudely, this rumbling says: Those damn women are ruining science ...
... Doctoral women scientists and engineers are far less likely than men to ... Only 10 percent of the married women, but 38 percent of the married men, have a spouse not working. Women scientists and ... See figure 5-7.) Doctoral women are twice as likely as men never to have married or to be divorced. Twelve percent of the women ... See figure 5-9.) Fifty-five percent of women, but only 32 percent of men, are married to a natural scientist or engineer. ...
NSFs mission is to advance the progress of science, a mission accomplished by funding proposals for research and education ... At the time, women were only admitted as junior members. Blatch lost, and no woman became a full ASCE member for a decade. Like ... The first female director of the Massachusetts Institute of Technologys Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence ... The descendent of famed womens rights pioneers, Blatch once rode a horse across New York to campaign for a womens right to ...
... women in science holds that Harvard University president Lawrence H Summers should be fired for his comments about womens ... He has set women back 60 years and deserves to be replaced. ... Welcoming Women to Science. FEB. 8, 2005. Continue reading the ... the justification and excuse to discriminate against women who have mastered their field. ...
For every female scientist whose work has been recognized and celebrated, there are thousands who have been accidentally or ... More: Features Women in Science Women in tech Astronomy Genetics Math Women International Womens Day ... "Women in Science," which features full profiles of 50 scientists, plus tidbits on women in science more generally - not to ... 12 incredible women youve never heard of who changed science forever. 12 incredible women youve never heard of who changed ...
Cornelia Dean in the New York Times writes about recent meeting aimed at helping women advance in science, where bias still ... After the discussion here and elsewhere in yonder blogosphere about women and stereotyping, ... re: women in science. we already agree that women are underrepresented in science (does it hurt people that you make this ... I would sure agree that science is biased towards women in the U.S. and elsewhere in the west There are surely more women ...
Women who can exercise vigorously are at significantly lower risk of dying from heart disease, cancer and other causes. The ... Exercise is good for health and longevity, but information on women is scarce. Women generally live longer than men, so ... Women who achieved 10 METs or more (good exercise capacity) were compared to those achieving less than 10 METs (poor exercise ... He noted that most study participants were middle aged or older women: the average age was 64 and 80% were between 50 and 75. " ...
Theres a shortage of women pursuing careers in computer science, but new initiatives are finding innovative ways to address ... Computer science is for women too. Theres a shortage of women pursuing careers in computer science, but new initiatives are ... Theres a shortage of women pursuing careers in computer science, but some grassroots initiatives are finding creative ways to ... Are you a woman in computer science? Please consider sharing your experiences. ...
Oncology Regulatory Affairs Leader Hannah Mosca describes her lifelong interest in science and math, and what its like to work ... What is your advice for young women and girls interested in science?. My advice for young women and girls interested in science ... "Novartis Presents: Women in Science" is an ongoing series showcasing women at Novartis who are helping develop innovative ... My advice for young women and girls interested in science is to pursue their passion and strive to overcome any and all ...
... that moves female PhDs out of academia. The organization sent him lists of speakers in past years, along with lists of the two- ... One simple fix could improve the visibility and opportunities of women in science, a new study finds - possibly combating the ... Women in science. Women gain about half of the science and engineering doctorate degrees in the United States, and in many ... But only 21 percent of full professors in the country are female. The fact that women drop out of academic science faster than ...
There has been a slight decline in female engineering and physics majors, and the number of women choosing computer science has ... The number of women earning science or engineering degrees grew from about 50,000 in 1966 to about 240,000 in 2006, according ... Corbett and Didion said female students still battle the stereotype that males do better at math and science -- and in some ... But since 2006, the percentage of women going into the sciences has leveled off, Corbett said. ...
"Its a very tough thing to find the right mix of woman scientist and partner. Some women have done it and are very happily ... The atmosphere was even more unfriendly for women. Ten students started in her graduate biochemistry class; five were women, ... the only woman on a panel of a dozen scientists reviewing life-sciences grants for the European Union, has been weighing in on ... Science remains a challenging field for women, she says, but she believes that its rewards are worth the effort. "Its a great ...
You will learn all about famous and lesser-known female pioneers and their inspiring stories. Each story has fun graphics and ... This Women in Science book features short, inspiring stories with fun illustrations. It is for kids ages 10+, but adults will ... HomeBooksWomen in Science. Women in Science. October 9, 2016 Conner Flynn Books 0 ... Fake Science 101 August 1, 2012 Conner Flynn 0 Not everything that is touted as scientific fact is true. This Fake Science 101 ...
science workforce. Why does the proportion of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM)-related ... 2010) Why So Few? Women in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (Amer Assoc Univ Women, Washington, DC).. ... 0.087 for women). In other words, both high-performing men and high-performing women associate science/math more with men than ... advanced three hypotheses for this underrepresentation of women in science: different innate aptitudes among men and women at ...
The LOréal USA For Women in Science fellowship program is now accepting applications from female postdoctoral students in the ... Now in its 14th year, the LOréal USA For Women in Science fellowship program annually recognizes five exceptional female ... For more information about the LOréal USA For Women in Science fellowships, including questions about the program, contact ... The deadline to apply for a 2018 LOréal USA For Women in Science fellowship grant is Feb. 2. ...
... delivering vital information to help women make more informed maternity care decisions. ... New QUT research has shed light on why some women have normal births and many dont, ... Birth study empowers pregnant women. Queensland University of Technology. Journal. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. Keywords. * ... "Women are especially uninformed about how the type of maternity care they choose early on in their pregnancy can affect their ...
... research project at the University of Gothenburg indicate that the problem might be traced partially to the lack of womens ... "Our results clearly indicate the importance of womens civil rights, because womens rights increase the costs of authoritarian ... No democracy without womens rights. University of Gothenburg. Journal. European Journal of Political Research. Keywords. * ... no-democracy-without-women-s-rights-.. cid1434050 More in Social & Behavior. * Engaging with schizophrenia -- experts argue for ...
  • Historians with an interest in gender and science have illuminated the scientific endeavors and accomplishments of women, the barriers they have faced, and the strategies implemented to have their work peer-reviewed and accepted in major scientific journals and other publications. (
  • Although gender roles were largely defined in the eighteenth century, women experienced great advances in science. (
  • The Computer Science Department, along with the Focus on Women in Computer Science (FoWCS) committee is currently involved in a variety of initiatives to eliminate this gender gap. (
  • When he showed other scientists his data, most were shocked to find that male-only planning teams came up with such a different gender ratio in their sessions compared with planning teams that included a woman. (
  • According to Professor Staffan Lindberg, director of the V-Dem Institute, the result is important because it shows that democratic development is not gender blind: societies transitioning from authoritarian regimes strongly need women in order to develop functioning democratic governments. (
  • If we had gone looking for talented women who had been shut out of science by ethnic or gender discrimination, we could have found those, too. (
  • Yet our two American profiles demonstrate that it is possible today for talented African-American women to approach the highest levels of science without encountering serious resistance as a result of their genes or their gender. (
  • Gains, and drawbacks, for female professors - efforts to improve gender equality at MIT have unintended consequences. (
  • The ACA addressed many of the inequities, including gender rating (where women were charged higher insurance premiums than men), denial of coverage for pre-existing conditions (including pregnancy), and lack of coverage for services/prescriptions (including maternity care and contraceptives). (
  • The L'Oreal Foundation and UNESCO have published a manifesto, which offers anyone the chance to support gender equality in science. (
  • First, for a real movement towards gender balance to come about in science, scientists need to be brave and articulate in their support. (
  • At a time of tight budgets, it is a particularly appealing notion to close gaps in math, science and verbal achievement by simply segregating classrooms by gender versus proven but expensive methods like smaller classrooms, better teachers and high parent involvement. (
  • Delusions of Gender' (2010) by Cordelia Fine, a Ph.D. in cognitive neuroscience and research fellow at the University of Melbourne, finds myths dressed up as science and propagating dangerous new conventional wisdom. (
  • She calls much of popular gender-difference theories 'neurosexism' and says there's little evidence for the idea of a male brain hardwired to be good at understanding the world and a female brain hardwired to understand people. (
  • Indeed, pointing out women whose scientific achievements were overlooked or miscredited to men, because of their gender, is arguably more of a social or moral quest than it is an evaluation of the veracity of some pseudoscientific belief. (
  • It's also a day to advance the cause of gender balance in every aspect of our lives-an equal number of men and women at workplaces, in government, in science, etc. (
  • Implicit gender biases persist, resulting in fewer women in top positions, along with women earning less pay, winning fewer and smaller grants, and publishing fewer papers. (
  • While we find that some women reported a positive experience, others felt women were poorly represented and heard and encountered barriers beyond their gender including race, nationality, command of English, and discipline. (
  • The study contributes to the larger literature on gender and science and provides recommendations for greater inclusion. (
  • In this paper, we analyze the as-yet-unexamined issue of gender and IPCC authorship, looking at changes in gender balance over time and analyzing women's views about their experience and barriers to full participation, not only as women but also at the intersection of nationality, race, command of English, and discipline. (
  • Many studies have documented the gender imbalance in science and have explored the reasons that women are not included or represented, especially at more senior levels of research ( 8 ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ - 13 ). (
  • Women show greater preference for dating smarter partners compared to men and the more they endorsed this preference the more traditional they were in their gender roles. (
  • Doctoral women scientists and engineers are far less likely than men to be married: 66 percent of women doctoral scientists and engineers are married, compared with 83 percent of men. (
  • One factor in the differing marital status of men and women scientists and engineers is the younger ages of the women-16 percent of the doctoral women, but only 10 percent of the doctoral men, are younger than 35. (
  • Among younger doctoral scientists and engineers, more nearly equal proportions of men and women are married. (
  • For example, among doctoral scientists and engineers between the ages of 45 and 54, 64 percent of the women, compared with 85 percent of the men, are married. (
  • Among those who are married, women scientists and engineers are also more likely than men to face problems in accommodating dual careers. (
  • The conference provides participants with the unique experience to explore their desired profession or area of interest through interaction with Argonne's world-class women scientists and engineers. (
  • During her tenure, Colwell led efforts to remove barriers for aspiring scientists and engineers, so that other women could avoid roadblocks similar to those she faced. (
  • Prominent female scientists and engineers from around the region spend the day with the girls in a variety of formats that includes small-group presentations, hands-on activities, a keynote address, and a chemistry demo. (
  • These studies suggest that this bias could challenge the representativeness, legitimacy, and content of the reports if they fail to adequately incorporate the scientific expertise of developing countries, indigenous knowledge, a diversity of disciplines in natural and social sciences, and the voice of women ( 2 ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ - 7 ). (
  • Departmental initiatives vary from an Alternative Routes to Computing (ARC) degree program for students with non-technical backgrounds to a Computer Science Learning Centre (CSLC) available to first-year undergraduate students. (
  • We believe that social events, initiatives to understand the lack of female enrollment, iterative redesign of the computer science curriculum, and high school outreach programs, together will have a positive impact on female enrollment. (
  • There's a shortage of women pursuing careers in computer science, but new initiatives are finding innovative ways to address the issue. (
  • There's a shortage of women pursuing careers in computer science, but some grassroots initiatives are finding creative ways to address the issue using tactics including crowd funding and collaborative online learning. (
  • All-male sessions "can be a huge turnoff for women trying to enter a field, which they might think is male-dominated," Casadevall said. (
  • Their success stories should really be celebrated every day, especially because science remains a male-dominated field. (
  • Dopamine will - if women and their vaginas are not hurt, suppressed, injured or demeaned - make women more euphoric, more creative and more assertive - possibly more than a male-dominated society is comfortable with … Serotonin literally subdues the female voice, and dopamine literally raises it. (
  • Women with a preference for more intelligent partners are less likely to show interest in male-dominated fields such as math and science, revealed a newly published study from the University at Buffalo. (
  • Last year Koechlin's team used functional magnetic resonance imaging to test the brain activity of 32 people, 16 men and 16 women, while they performed two simple letter matching tests. (
  • In the study led by Angela Wagner, M.D., University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, and Walter H. Kaye, M.D., of the University of Pittsburgh and the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) Schools of Medicine, the brain activity of 32 women was measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI. (
  • The most important advice for a woman who wants to get pregnant is to get to know her body, specifically her menstrual cycle, said Dr. Mary Ellen Pavone, a reproductive endocrinologist and infertility specialist and medical director of the in-vitro fertilization program at Northwestern Medicine's Fertility and Reproductive Medicine department in Chicago. (
  • A study published in the journal Fertility and Sterility found that women who checked their cervical mucus consistently were 2.3 times more likely to get pregnant over a six-month period. (
  • This enabled the scientists to see what effects female hormones and fertility might have on perceptions of male desirability. (
  • But now, as more older women pursue motherhood, Canada's fertility doctors and ethicists are asking: when is old too old? (
  • The nation's for-profit fertility industry says women aged 50 to 60 who conceive using donor eggs (or, if the egg is fertilized, donor embryos) can achieve "acceptable outcomes," based on the limited science that exists, although they are at slightly higher risk of pre-eclampsia (rapid and potentially life-threatening high blood pressure ) and gestational diabetes , especially so after age 55. (
  • Baratz is a reproductive endocrinologist and infertility specialist at CReATe Fertility Centre in Toronto - the same clinic that helped the Toronto woman give birth in 2014 at age 56 using donor eggs and donor sperm. (
  • What we found is that not all women reacted equally to these romantic goal primes," says Lora Park, a UB psychologist and the study's lead author. (
  • It's not only for women in science, but also for underrepresented minorities. (
  • A consequence is that the issue is gaining attention very slowly, so that programs with the explicit aim of advancing women and especially ethnic minorities are quite rare in Europe. (
  • The reality is there are barriers that women face," said Kathleen S. Matthews, the dean of natural sciences at Rice, who spoke at the meeting's opening dinner. (
  • It's likely that women on planning teams rose through the ranks of academic science themselves and realize the barriers, Casadevall said. (
  • However, the study did find that women who were unemployed, had a history of mental health problems or were experiencing severe symptoms were more likely to report barriers to treatment - though the specific barriers to treatment varied significantly. (
  • Women in science face barriers to professional advancement. (
  • Our survey of more than 100 female Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change authors explores their experience and perceptions, the barriers to their full participation that they identify, and recommendations for improvements. (
  • We suggest that an intersectional lens is important: not all women experience the same obstacles: they face multiple and diverse barriers associated with social identifiers such as race, nationality, command of English, and disciplinary affiliation. (
  • This paper documents barriers to participation and identifies opportunities to diversify climate science. (
  • tags: Elizabeth Blackburn, Joan Steitz, Albany Medical Center Prize I learned this afternoon that America's highest prize in medicine, the Albany Medical Prize in Medicine and Biomedical Research, was awarded to two women for the first time in its history. (
  • She traced the firmness of that conviction to a children's book about Maria Mitchell - America's first woman astronomer and a lifelong champion of women in science - which had expanded her horizon of possibility and seeded the idea that she, a little girl amid a culture impoverished of such role models, could one day become an astronomer. (
  • Here are 14 more, paired with contemporary women doing trailblazing work in the same field with support from the National Science Foundation. (
  • She recruited more than a dozen women to work at the observatory, including Cannon. (
  • When did you first know you wanted to work in science? (
  • I first knew I wanted to work in science when I was 10 years old. (
  • Colleagues familiar with the subject's work write these memoirs and as such, the series provides a biographical history of science in America. (
  • After all, productivity studies show that women continue to do the lion's share of household and childcare tasks, while also holding down part- or full-time work. (
  • This conversation is being significantly substantiated by the scientific community through the work of quantum physicists and scientists from all branches of science. (
  • Our study finds that many women who would benefit from treatment are not receiving it, because they don't tell anyone that they're dealing with any challenges," says Betty-Shannon Prevatt, a practicing clinical psychologist and Ph.D. student at NC State who was lead author of a paper on the work. (
  • This work highlights the importance of support networks and the need to normalize the wide variety of reactions women have after childbirth," Prevatt says. (
  • The incredible work of a young, female microbiologist from Burkina Faso is helping combat desertification in the Sahel. (
  • There is certainly no shortage of female role models at the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH ), the federal agency that conducts research and makes recommendations for preventing work-related injuries, illnesses, and deaths. (
  • They discuss their journeys to science, challenges and experiences along the way, work duties, and how they balance work with family. (
  • Most of us know the name L'Oreal for cosmetics but the company is also a huge supporter of science and a local woman is earning their recognition for her hard work. (
  • It's a $100,000 prize to continue her groundbreaking work and it's also a huge boost to women in science. (
  • Celebrating the International Year of Chemistry, The Future of Women in Chemistry and Science was a virtual conference featuring women from across the spectrum of careers in science sharing insights on such topics as how to understand GenY, mentorship, work-life balance, and how to attract women into science. (
  • I work in Global Health in Africa where women can be both physically and emotionally highly stressed over long periods of time and programs which intervened to provide buffering and positive support during pregnancy might be considered if there is good evidence for this. (
  • This work, Armed with Science 55: African-American Women in the Military , by John Ohab , identified by DVIDS , must comply with the restrictions shown on . (
  • This means a pain drug targeting microglia might appear to work in male mice, but wouldn't work on women. (
  • When women are involved in the design and field testing of new agricultural technologies, such as crop varieties, small machinery, and farm tools - these technologies are more likely to work for them. (
  • Others believe it's the work of writers like Patricia Cornwell and Kathy Reichs, while those in the industry shrug their shoulders and conclude that women are simply in the job because they like it. (
  • Three women who deal with the gruesome sides of the human condition explain why they love their work. (
  • In these videos, each woman talks about her personal journey into science, challenges and experiences she's had along the way, work and her profession, and how she balances work duties with her personal life. (
  • There are some notable exceptions, such as Germaine Greer's work on the postmenopausal woman, Susan Bordo's work on the body, or Lynne Segal's recent reflection and analysis of the process of growing older. (
  • And yet while some antidepressants work by elevating dopamine - for example, bupropion (Wellbutrin) - you don't see women being denied such drugs for fear they'll overthrow the patriarchy. (
  • Perhaps women don't have time to learn how to do the handy-dandy work that a lot of men do because they're too busy cooking, cleaning, taking care of children and working full-time on top of that. (
  • Maybe if the tables were turned and women picked up a hammer and nails, men would be forced to do some of the work that women have always been expected to do for thousands of years. (
  • I'm sure there are women who are equally skilled in mechanics or other jobs that are generally thought of as men's work. (
  • We believe the range of approaches taken at UBC to increase female participation in the Computer Science Department is itself one of the reasons for some of the success we are seeing. (
  • The U.S. National Science Foundation is supportive of many of these groups and runs its own program, Alliances for Broadening Participation in Computing (BPC) . (
  • you can imagine that this would be a very simple mechanism for increasing female participation in meetings," said study researcher Dr. Arturo Casadevall, a microbiologist at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine. (
  • and increase participation of women in the rural labour market through better communications. (
  • Since 2003, 70 grants totaling more than $3.5 million have been awarded through the program, which is the U.S. branch of the L'Oréal-UNESCO For Women in Science International Fellowships program. (
  • For more information about the L'Oréal USA For Women in Science fellowships, including questions about the program, contact Rachel Pacifico, L'Oréal USA, by e-mail at [email protected] . (
  • All nearby schools and the general public will be invited to visit the Nature House and take part in ocean-science themed outreach activities, including the hands-on Seaquaria touch tank, watershed model, interpretive natrues walks and nature-themed crafts. (
  • At Lowell Observatory in Arizona, astronomer and educator Deirdre Hunter works with teachers and students at Hopi and Navajo schools, inspiring these historically underserved populations to pursue science and engineering . (
  • For all the latest ABC Science content click here . (
  • Moreover, fields in which women are scarce tend to have the lowest social dimension, while those attracting larger numbers of women tend to have higher social content. (
  • The coveted prize was awarded to a Scottish veterinarian, two scientists who championed an overlooked protein and a pioneering researcher who helped advance the careers of other women. (
  • I discussed some of these statistics previously here , and the latter stat is one that really stood out for me: just how many women versus men who have to deal with having a spouse in an academic or other demanding careers (or who are employed full-time, period). (
  • It's well understood that women are more inclined than men to seek careers that seem socially relevant and meaningful, computer science is perceived as a solitary profession, and there's often a lack of mentoring available. (
  • Jim Austin is the editor of Science Careers. (
  • At WiSM events throughout the semester, students hear from women in various stages of their careers, and are able to ask advice, as well as get ideas for their own career goals. (
  • She oversaw a 68 percent increase in NSF's budget, championed innovative science and engineering education programs, and increased funding devoted to the advancement of women in academic engineering and science careers. (
  • In 2001, she oversaw the creation of NSF's ADVANCE program , which was established to increase the representation and advancement of women in academic engineering and science careers. (
  • Currently, female enrollment in computer science is well below the average across all disciplines at UBC (56.7% in 2002) at both the undergraduate and graduate levels. (
  • In the Computer Science Department at UBC, we are working to increase the percentage of female students in our undergraduate courses and graduate program. (
  • This fall, female scientists at Rice University here gathered promising women who are graduate students and postdoctoral fellows to help them learn skills that they will need to deal with the perils of job hunting, promotion and tenure in high-stakes academic science. (
  • Women gain about half of the science and engineering doctorate degrees in the United States, and in many fields, they outnumber men in graduate schools. (
  • College-graduate men outnumber women in nearly every science and engineering field ( 1 ). (
  • Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences student Kellianne Alexander has been awarded a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Gilliam Graduate Fellowship. (
  • More and more young women are entering the field like Jin's graduate student, Ruth Shewmon. (
  • I've been doing a fair bit of reading over the last couple of years about Wikipedia culture and especially how it relates to the under-representation of women both as editors and as subjects of articles. (
  • When it comes to the representation of racial and ethnic minority women in science, the trends aren't as impressive, even if they do point in the right direction. (
  • It is interesting to note that there has been a steady increase in the representation of women in the Academy's Fellowship. (
  • The involvement of women in the field of medicine occurred in several early civilizations, and the study of natural philosophy in ancient Greece was open to women. (
  • The study of natural philosophy in ancient Greece was open to women. (
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the immunomodulatory effect of the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation on female Sprague Dawley (SD) rats. (
  • Dr. Steitz cited a study of letters of recommendation written for men and women seeking academic appointments. (
  • Though all the applicants were successful, she said, and though the letters were written by men and women, the study found that the applicant's personal life was mentioned six times more often if the letter was about a woman. (
  • Study author Dr Jesús Peteiro, of University Hospital A Coruña, Spain advised women: "Exercise as much as you can. (
  • This study examined exercise capacity and heart function during exercise in women and their links with survival. (
  • The study included 4,714 adult women referred for treadmill exercise echocardiography because of known or suspected coronary artery disease. (
  • He noted that most study participants were middle aged or older women: the average age was 64 and 80% were between 50 and 75. (
  • One simple fix could improve the visibility and opportunities of women in science, a new study finds - possibly combating the "leaky pipeline" that moves female PhDs out of academia. (
  • The study demonstrates that countries do not become fully democratic without political and social rights for women. (
  • The study revealed that civil rights for both men and women - rights to own property, freedom of speech and movement, and freedom from forced labor - were always present at a high level before constitutional rights were implemented. (
  • Women who experience a traumatic event and develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be at increased risk for heart disease, a new large study suggests. (
  • Women who had experienced traumatic events but who didn't report experiencing symptoms of PTSD had a 45 percent increased risk of cardiovascular disease , the study found. (
  • This study focuses on patterns of insurance affordability, access to healthcare, and use of preventive services (influenza immunization, blood pressure screening, cholesterol screening, and mammograms) for a study sample representing over 41 million women, aged 19-64 years, in the three income groups corresponding with the levels used by the ACA in determining Medicaid and subsidy eligibility. (
  • Young women who have lost a pregnancy through abortion or miscarriage have an increased risk for substance abuse or developing a mood disorder in later life, according to an Australian study. (
  • The Mater-University of Queensland study of pregnancy and its outcomes, involving 1223 women, found young women who had had a miscarriage before the age of 21 years were more than twice as likely to abuse illicit drugs (excluding cannabis) compared to those who had never been pregnant. (
  • Use these social-bookmarking links to share Pregnancy loss affects young women: study . (
  • In 2006, a study by psychologist Penelope Lockwood, found that women need to see female role models more than men need to see male role models. (
  • His discoveries, which ran counter to the established scientific view that life is controlled by the genes, presaged one of today's most important fields of study, the science of epigenetics. (
  • Our goal with this study was to see how many women are not disclosing these problems, since that's a threshold issue for helping women access treatment. (
  • With so many women in our study not disclosing PPMDs to their providers, it strongly suggests that a significant percentage of these women did not disclose their symptoms even when asked. (
  • The study found that women experiencing the highest levels of stress, and women with the strongest social support networks, were most likely to report their PPMD symptoms to healthcare providers. (
  • According to a new study, the smell of men's sweat is enough to tell women if they are attracted to them. (
  • Men who eat fruits and vegetables smell better - and are more attractive to women - than those that load up on starchy carbs like bread and pasta, according to a new study. (
  • Du Chatelet disguised herself as a man in order to study science, and was supported by her father to seek an education because he thought she was too ugly to receive a marriage proposal, although she did marry at 19 years of age. (
  • Dr. Pastor reports that somewhere between 10-54% of women (depending on the study) report fluid expulsion during arousal or orgasm . (
  • Women who enter menopause at a later age have slightly better recall than women going through this change earlier, a new British study has found. (
  • Menopausal women who are on the treatment are less likely to gain dangerous belly fat - but there's a catch, a new study shows. (
  • This study, which appears in the November issue of Psychological Science , a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, suggests that women with higher levels of oxytocin during their first trimester are primed to the formation of an exclusive bond with their infants. (
  • The study is the first to directly compare brain anatomy of females with and without dyslexia. (
  • They muse on the importance of mentoring and other professional support and talk about ways women can provide it for each other if they do not receive it from their professors or advisers. (
  • Support credible science journalism. (
  • In my capacity as president of the Society of Women in Computing at W&M, I hope that the College continues to support this effort and is able to provide this opportunity to any W&M student. (
  • These units were intentionally aligned to the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) and support best practices in science curricular resources such as connections to local phenomena, opportunities for student-driven exploration, and incorporation of authentic student assessment. (
  • What this says is, after an abortion, some young women struggle with the loss or the reasons behind the decision [to abort] and need extra support. (
  • We don't just need to teach women how to develop a birth plan, we need to teach them how to develop a social support plan," Desmarais says. (
  • CSHL WiSE was founded in 2015 by students, postdocs and technicians looking to create a strong and collaborative support system for women scientists at CSHL and beyond. (
  • She will reveal how the science and science-related information behind the show was crafted in order to support the actors and engage the public. (
  • We encourage women from all stages of their career, in academia, industry or management, and men who wish to support women in their workplace. (
  • And they obsess about what they call "the two body problem," the extreme difficulty of reconciling a demanding career in science with marriage and a family -- especially, as is more often the case for women than men in science, when the spouse also has scientific ambitions. (
  • She holds a doctor of pharmacy degree from Massachusetts College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences in the US, and started her career at Novartis in 2008 through the Rutgers University Pharm.D. fellowship program. (
  • This time coincides with the period when many women want to have children , and family responsibilities can clash with this early-career lifestyle. (
  • Enter keywords, locations or job types to start searching for your new science career. (
  • Biomedical sciences career development expert Cynthia Fuhrmann, PhD, discusses her own pioneering career in this latest Women in Science video. (
  • Kirsten Leistner, postdoc at Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, is awarded the L'Oréal-Unesco For women in science-prize which aims to highlight female scientists in the beginning of their career. (
  • I spoke with Greif recently about her experience as a young woman in a field with so few other women, about how things changed during the course of her career, and for what advice she wishes she'd had when she was first starting out. (
  • We provide a platform for professional development and empowerment through mentorship, career planning, and educational opportunities tailored toward issues disproportionally affecting women. (
  • WiSE increases the number of young girls interested in and confident enough to pursue a career in science through our girls science summer camps in partnership with the DNA Learning Center. (
  • Jin said it's a huge honor and also a great reminder to young women that science is a great career path. (
  • May Brodbeck's career in the sciences ran the gamut from teaching high school chemistry to exploring fundamental philosophical questions about the nature of human consciousness. (
  • Her numerous awards include Albert Schweitzer International Gold Medal for Science, as well as UGC career award. (
  • After the discussion here and elsewhere in yonder blogosphere about women and stereotyping , Cornelia Dean in the New York Times writes about recent meeting aimed at helping women advance in science, where bias still rages. (
  • Their stories may not be typical--how could extraordinary women have typical stories? (
  • Novartis Presents: Women in Science" is an ongoing series showcasing women at Novartis who are helping develop innovative oncology medicines for people with cancer and related diseases. (
  • If you read the headlines on Monday morning, you'd think we just discovered that pregnant women shouldn't take certain antibiotics . (
  • Of the pregnant women who took antibiotics, 16.4 percent miscarried. (
  • Feldman and colleagues measured plasma oxytocin from sixty-two pregnant women during their first trimester, third trimester, and the first postpartum month. (
  • Have you determined the drivers of the levels of Oxytocin in pregnant women? (
  • Analysis of 23 studies published from around the world found that only 13.8 per cent of women expressed a preference for caesarean birth over vaginal birth. (
  • Fluid could simply be from increased vaginal lubrication, but when most women describe "ejaculation" they are referring to a gush or spurt that occurs with orgasm as opposed to increased vaginal wetness from sexual activity. (
  • Internist Gail Povar has many female patients making their way through menopause, some having a tougher time than others. (
  • In an era of reproductive freedom, the argument holds, why should women be denied what has long been the purview of men, if the science now makes pregnancy past the natural dictates of menopause possible? (
  • Are these legitimate strategies or should women embrace the menopause as a new phase of life and liberation as advised by Germaine Greer? (
  • We discuss how insights from these studies could be used to ensure that introductory courses appeal equally to both female and male students. (
  • The men and women performed equally well on the maths and map reading tasks - tasks normally deemed to be male strengths - and answering the phone. (
  • Studies have shown that males and females view computers very differently. (
  • Females and males differ in their computer experience prior to their first computer science course. (
  • We speculate, then, that males with low cortisol possess something desirable that women seek to secure for their offspring. (
  • Anorexia commonly begins during adolescence, but strikes throughout the lifespan, and is nine times more common in females than in males. (
  • The Indian Academy of Sciences (IAS) is distinguished by the fact that amongst the founding Fellows there was one lady botanist, E. K. Janaki Ammal (1897-1984). (
  • 1931, Michigan), Founder Fellow of the Indian Academy of Sciences. (
  • In this paper, we describe the current situation with regard to the percentage of women in Computer Science, and compare it to other faculties at UBC as well as other computer science departments across Canada. (