Science: The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.Social Sciences: Disciplines concerned with the interrelationships of individuals in a social environment including social organizations and institutions. Includes Sociology and Anthropology.Biological Science Disciplines: All of the divisions of the natural sciences dealing with the various aspects of the phenomena of life and vital processes. The concept includes anatomy and physiology, biochemistry and biophysics, and the biology of animals, plants, and microorganisms. It should be differentiated from BIOLOGY, one of its subdivisions, concerned specifically with the origin and life processes of living organisms.Natural Science Disciplines: The sciences dealing with processes observable in nature.Behavioral Sciences: Disciplines concerned with the study of human and animal behavior.Religion and ScienceLibrary Science: Study of the principles and practices of library administration and services.Information Science: The field of knowledge, theory, and technology dealing with the collection of facts and figures, and the processes and methods involved in their manipulation, storage, dissemination, publication, and retrieval. It includes the fields of COMMUNICATION; PUBLISHING; LIBRARY SCIENCE; and informatics.Libraries, MedicalResearch: Critical and exhaustive investigation or experimentation, having for its aim the discovery of new facts and their correct interpretation, the revision of accepted conclusions, theories, or laws in the light of newly discovered facts, or the practical application of such new or revised conclusions, theories, or laws. (Webster, 3d ed)National Academy of Sciences (U.S.): A United States organization of distinguished scientists and engineers established for the purpose of investigating and reporting upon any subject of art or science as requested by any department of government. The National Research Council organized by NAS serves as the principal operating agency to stimulate and support research.Cognitive Science: The study of the precise nature of different mental tasks and the operations of the brain that enable them to be performed, engaging branches of psychology, computer science, philosophy, and linguistics. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Biomedical Research: Research that involves the application of the natural sciences, especially biology and physiology, to medicine.History, 20th Century: Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.Universities: Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.Periodicals as Topic: A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.Biology: One of the BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE DISCIPLINES concerned with the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of animals, plants, and microorganisms.Translational Medical Research: The application of discoveries generated by laboratory research and preclinical studies to the development of clinical trials and studies in humans. A second area of translational research concerns enhancing the adoption of best practices.Philosophy: A love or pursuit of wisdom. A search for the underlying causes and principles of reality. (Webster, 3d ed)Laboratory Animal Science: The science and technology dealing with the procurement, breeding, care, health, and selection of animals used in biomedical research and testing.History, 21st Century: Time period from 2001 through 2100 of the common era.Technology: The application of scientific knowledge to practical purposes in any field. It includes methods, techniques, and instrumentation.Education, Graduate: Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.Academies and Institutes: Organizations representing specialized fields which are accepted as authoritative; may be non-governmental, university or an independent research organization, e.g., National Academy of Sciences, Brookings Institution, etc.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Nutritional Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.Library Services: Services offered to the library user. They include reference and circulation.Librarians: Specialists in the management of a library or the services rendered by a library, bringing professional skills to administration, organization of material and personnel, interpretation of bibliothecal rules, the development and maintenance of the library's collection, and the provision of information services.Awards and PrizesHistory, 19th Century: Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.Physiology: The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.Research Support as Topic: Financial support of research activities.Research Personnel: Those individuals engaged in research.United StatesTeaching: The educational process of instructing.Publishing: "The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.Bibliometrics: The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports basic and applied research to reduce the burden of human illness and dysfunction from environmental causes by, defining how environmental exposures, genetic susceptibility, and age interact to affect an individual's health. It was established in 1969.Library Surveys: Collection and analysis of data pertaining to operations of a particular library, library system, or group of independent libraries, with recommendations for improvement and/or ordered plans for further development.Societies: Organizations composed of members with common interests and whose professions may be similar.Societies, Scientific: Societies whose membership is limited to scientists.Faculty: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in an educational institution.National Institutes of Health (U.S.): An operating division of the US Department of Health and Human Services. It is concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to health and medical research. Until 1995, it was an agency of the United States PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE.Nobel PrizeEngineering: The practical application of physical, mechanical, and mathematical principles. (Stedman, 25th ed)Behaviorism: A psychologic theory, developed by John Broadus Watson, concerned with studying and measuring behaviors that are observable.Publications: Copies of a work or document distributed to the public by sale, rental, lease, or lending. (From ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983, p181)Knowledge: The body of truths or facts accumulated in the course of time, the cumulated sum of information, its volume and nature, in any civilization, period, or country.Interdisciplinary Studies: Programs of study which span the traditional boundaries of academic scholarship.Public Policy: A course or method of action selected, usually by a government, from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions.Schools, Medical: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.Library Collection Development: Development of a library collection, including the determination and coordination of selection policy, assessment of needs of users and potential users, collection use studies, collection evaluation, identification of collection needs, selection of materials, planning for resource sharing, collection maintenance and weeding, and budgeting.History, 18th Century: Time period from 1701 through 1800 of the common era.Library AssociationsEducation, Medical: Use for general articles concerning medical education.Educational Measurement: The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.Facility Design and Construction: Architecture, exterior and interior design, and construction of facilities other than hospitals, e.g., dental schools, medical schools, ambulatory care clinics, and specified units of health care facilities. The concept also includes architecture, design, and construction of specialized contained, controlled, or closed research environments including those of space labs and stations.Physics: The study of those aspects of energy and matter in terms of elementary principles and laws. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)HumanitiesJournal Impact Factor: A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.BooksLibrary Automation: The use of automatic machines or processing devices in libraries. The automation may be applied to library administrative activities, office procedures, and delivery of library services to users.Students: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Information Dissemination: The circulation or wide dispersal of information.Congresses as Topic: Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.National Library of Medicine (U.S.): An agency of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to advancement of medical and related sciences. Major activities of this institute include the collection, dissemination, and exchange of information important to the progress of medicine and health, research in medical informatics and support for medical library development.Health Occupations: Professions or other business activities directed to the cure and prevention of disease. For occupations of medical personnel who are not physicians but who are working in the fields of medical technology, physical therapy, etc., ALLIED HEALTH OCCUPATIONS is available.Neurosciences: The scientific disciplines concerned with the embryology, anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, etc., of the nervous system.Education, Veterinary: Use for general articles concerning veterinary medical education.Library Administration: Planning, organizing, staffing, direction, and control of libraries.Scientific Misconduct: Intentional falsification of scientific data by presentation of fraudulent or incomplete or uncorroborated findings as scientific fact.Databases, Bibliographic: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of references and citations to books, articles, publications, etc., generally on a single subject or specialized subject area. Databases can operate through automated files, libraries, or computer disks. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, FACTUAL which is used for collections of data and facts apart from bibliographic references to them.Cooperative Behavior: The interaction of two or more persons or organizations directed toward a common goal which is mutually beneficial. An act or instance of working or acting together for a common purpose or benefit, i.e., joint action. (From Random House Dictionary Unabridged, 2d ed)Models, Educational: Theoretical models which propose methods of learning or teaching as a basis or adjunct to changes in attitude or behavior. These educational interventions are usually applied in the fields of health and patient education but are not restricted to patient care.Sociology: A social science dealing with group relationships, patterns of collective behavior, and social organization.Interlibrary LoansInterdisciplinary Communication: Communication, in the sense of cross-fertilization of ideas, involving two or more academic disciplines (such as the disciplines that comprise the cross-disciplinary field of bioethics, including the health and biological sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences and law). Also includes problems in communication stemming from differences in patterns of language usage in different academic or medical disciplines.Internet: A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.History, 17th Century: Time period from 1601 through 1700 of the common era.Textbooks as Topic: Books used in the study of a subject that contain a systematic presentation of the principles and vocabulary of a subject.Cell Biology: The study of the structure, behavior, growth, reproduction, and pathology of cells; and the function and chemistry of cellular components.Bioethics: A branch of applied ethics that studies the value implications of practices and developments in life sciences, medicine, and health care.MEDLARS: A computerized biomedical bibliographic storage and retrieval system operated by the NATIONAL LIBRARY OF MEDICINE. MEDLARS stands for Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System, which was first introduced in 1964 and evolved into an online system in 1971 called MEDLINE (MEDLARS Online). As other online databases were developed, MEDLARS became the name of the entire NLM information system while MEDLINE became the name of the premier database. MEDLARS was used to produce the former printed Cumulated Index Medicus, and the printed monthly Index Medicus, until that publication ceased in December 2004.Editorial Policies: The guidelines and policy statements set forth by the editor(s) or editorial board of a publication.Libraries, Hospital: Information centers primarily serving the needs of hospital medical staff and sometimes also providing patient education and other services.Animal Nutrition Sciences: The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES, as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease in animals.Journalism, Medical: The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.Anatomy: A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Peer Review, Research: The evaluation by experts of the quality and pertinence of research or research proposals of other experts in the same field. Peer review is used by editors in deciding which submissions warrant publication, by granting agencies to determine which proposals should be funded, and by academic institutions in tenure decisions.Research Design: A plan for collecting and utilizing data so that desired information can be obtained with sufficient precision or so that an hypothesis can be tested properly.Medical Laboratory Science: The specialty related to the performance of techniques in clinical pathology such as those in hematology, microbiology, and other general clinical laboratory applications.History, 16th Century: Time period from 1501 through 1600 of the common era.Online Systems: Systems where the input data enter the computer directly from the point of origin (usually a terminal or workstation) and/or in which output data are transmitted directly to that terminal point of origin. (Sippl, Computer Dictionary, 4th ed)Library Technical Services: Acquisition, organization, and preparation of library materials for use, including selection, weeding, cataloging, classification, and preservation.Ethics, Professional: The principles of proper conduct concerning the rights and duties of the professional, relations with patients or consumers and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the professional and interpersonal relations with patient or consumer families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Libraries: Collections of systematically acquired and organized information resources, and usually providing assistance to users. (ERIC Thesaurus, http://www.eric.ed.gov/ accessed 2/1/2008)Career Mobility: The upward or downward mobility in an occupation or the change from one occupation to another.Academic Medical Centers: Medical complexes consisting of medical school, hospitals, clinics, libraries, administrative facilities, etc.MuseumsInformation Services: Organized services to provide information on any questions an individual might have using databases and other sources. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Allergy and Immunology: A medical specialty concerned with the hypersensitivity of the individual to foreign substances and protection from the resultant infection or disorder.Philosophy, MedicalForecasting: The prediction or projection of the nature of future problems or existing conditions based upon the extrapolation or interpretation of existing scientific data or by the application of scientific methodology.Career Choice: Selection of a type of occupation or profession.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Information Storage and Retrieval: Organized activities related to the storage, location, search, and retrieval of information.Information Systems: Integrated set of files, procedures, and equipment for the storage, manipulation, and retrieval of information.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Botany: The study of the origin, structure, development, growth, function, genetics, and reproduction of plants.United States Government Agencies: Agencies of the FEDERAL GOVERNMENT of the United States.Education: Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.International Cooperation: The interaction of persons or groups of persons representing various nations in the pursuit of a common goal or interest.Epidemiology: Field of medicine concerned with the determination of causes, incidence, and characteristic behavior of disease outbreaks affecting human populations. It includes the interrelationships of host, agent, and environment as related to the distribution and control of disease.Molecular Biology: A discipline concerned with studying biological phenomena in terms of the chemical and physical interactions of molecules.Access to Information: Individual's rights to obtain and use information collected or generated by others.Biotechnology: Body of knowledge related to the use of organisms, cells or cell-derived constituents for the purpose of developing products which are technically, scientifically and clinically useful. Alteration of biologic function at the molecular level (i.e., GENETIC ENGINEERING) is a central focus; laboratory methods used include TRANSFECTION and CLONING technologies, sequence and structure analysis algorithms, computer databases, and gene and protein structure function analysis and prediction.Mentors: Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.Policy Making: The decision process by which individuals, groups or institutions establish policies pertaining to plans, programs or procedures.Medical Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine.School Admission Criteria: Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.Animal Husbandry: The science of breeding, feeding and care of domestic animals; includes housing and nutrition.Technology Transfer: Spread and adoption of inventions and techniques from one geographic area to another, from one discipline to another, or from one sector of the economy to another. For example, improvements in medical equipment may be transferred from industrial countries to developing countries, advances arising from aerospace engineering may be applied to equipment for persons with disabilities, and innovations in science arising from government research are made available to private enterprise.Literature, ModernPolicy: A course or method of action selected to guide and determine present and future decisions.Authorship: The profession of writing. Also the identity of the writer as the creator of a literary production.Diffusion of Innovation: The broad dissemination of new ideas, procedures, techniques, materials, and devices and the degree to which these are accepted and used.Creativity: The ability to generate new ideas or images.Animal Welfare: The protection of animals in laboratories or other specific environments by promoting their health through better nutrition, housing, and care.Schools, Health Occupations: Schools which offer training in the area of health.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Environmental Health: The science of controlling or modifying those conditions, influences, or forces surrounding man which relate to promoting, establishing, and maintaining health.Animal Experimentation: The use of animals as investigational subjects.Toxicology: The science concerned with the detection, chemical composition, and biological action of toxic substances or poisons and the treatment and prevention of toxic manifestations.Medicine in Literature: Written or other literary works whose subject matter is medical or about the profession of medicine and related areas.Students, Health Occupations: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program in the health occupations.Attitude: An enduring, learned predisposition to behave in a consistent way toward a given class of objects, or a persistent mental and/or neural state of readiness to react to a certain class of objects, not as they are but as they are conceived to be.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Terminology as Topic: The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.History of MedicineEvidence-Based Medicine: An approach of practicing medicine with the goal to improve and evaluate patient care. It requires the judicious integration of best research evidence with the patient's values to make decisions about medical care. This method is to help physicians make proper diagnosis, devise best testing plan, choose best treatment and methods of disease prevention, as well as develop guidelines for large groups of patients with the same disease. (from JAMA 296 (9), 2006)Conflict of Interest: A situation in which an individual might benefit personally from official or professional actions. It includes a conflict between a person's private interests and official responsibilities in a position of trust. The term is not restricted to government officials. The concept refers both to actual conflict of interest and the appearance or perception of conflict.Program Development: The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).Education, Premedical: Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to medical school.Ethics, Research: The moral obligations governing the conduct of research. Used for discussions of research ethics as a general topic.Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Abstracting and Indexing as Topic: Activities performed to identify concepts and aspects of published information and research reports.Writing: The act or practice of literary composition, the occupation of writer, or producing or engaging in literary work as a profession.History, 15th Century: Time period from 1401 through 1500 of the common era.Informatics: The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of data through the application of computers.Data Collection: Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.Organizational Objectives: The purposes, missions, and goals of an individual organization or its units, established through administrative processes. It includes an organization's long-range plans and administrative philosophy.Education, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform individuals of recent advances in their particular field of interest. They do not lead to any formal advanced standing.Genetics: The branch of science concerned with the means and consequences of transmission and generation of the components of biological inheritance. (Stedman, 26th ed)Nursing Research: Research carried out by nurses, generally in clinical settings, in the areas of clinical practice, evaluation, nursing education, nursing administration, and methodology.Government Regulation: Exercise of governmental authority to control conduct.Systems Theory: Principles, models, and laws that apply to complex interrelationships and interdependencies of sets of linked components which form a functioning whole, a system. Any system may be composed of components which are systems in their own right (sub-systems), such as several organs within an individual organism.Professional Competence: The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.Human Genome Project: A coordinated effort of researchers to map (CHROMOSOME MAPPING) and sequence (SEQUENCE ANALYSIS, DNA) the human GENOME.Famous PersonsMicrobiology: The study of microorganisms such as fungi, bacteria, algae, archaea, and viruses.Eugenics: The attempt to improve the PHENOTYPES of future generations of the human population by fostering the reproduction of those with favorable phenotypes and GENOTYPES and hampering or preventing BREEDING by those with "undesirable" phenotypes and genotypes. The concept is largely discredited. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Libraries, Digital: Libraries in which a major proportion of the resources are available in machine-readable format, rather than on paper or MICROFORM.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)Information Literacy: The ability to recognize when information is needed and to locate, evaluate, and use the needed information effectively.Interior Design and Furnishings: The planning of the furnishings and decorations of an architectural interior.Education, Professional: Formal education and training in preparation for the practice of a profession.Computer Communication Networks: A system containing any combination of computers, computer terminals, printers, audio or visual display devices, or telephones interconnected by telecommunications equipment or cables: used to transmit or receive information. (Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Embryology: The study of the development of an organism during the embryonic and fetal stages of life.Software: Sequential operating programs and data which instruct the functioning of a digital computer.Reference Books: Books designed by the arrangement and treatment of their subject matter to be consulted for definite terms of information rather than to be read consecutively. Reference books include DICTIONARIES; ENCYCLOPEDIAS; ATLASES; etc. (From the ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Plagiarism: Passing off as one's own the work of another without credit.Nutritional Physiological Phenomena: The processes and properties of living organisms by which they take in and balance the use of nutritive materials for energy, heat production, or building material for the growth, maintenance, or repair of tissues and the nutritive properties of FOOD.Computer-Assisted Instruction: A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.College Admission Test: Test designed to identify students suitable for admission into a graduate or undergraduate curriculum.Bibliography as Topic: Discussion of lists of works, documents or other publications, usually with some relationship between them, e.g., by a given author, on a given subject, or published in a given place, and differing from a catalog in that its contents are restricted to holdings of a single collection, library, or group of libraries. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)Databases, Factual: Extensive collections, reputedly complete, of facts and data garnered from material of a specialized subject area and made available for analysis and application. The collection can be automated by various contemporary methods for retrieval. The concept should be differentiated from DATABASES, BIBLIOGRAPHIC which is restricted to collections of bibliographic references.Community-Institutional Relations: The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.Behavioral Research: Research that involves the application of the behavioral and social sciences to the study of the actions or reactions of persons or animals in response to external or internal stimuli. (from American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed)Faculty, Medical: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.Computational Biology: A field of biology concerned with the development of techniques for the collection and manipulation of biological data, and the use of such data to make biological discoveries or predictions. This field encompasses all computational methods and theories for solving biological problems including manipulation of models and datasets.Models, Theoretical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of systems, processes, or phenomena. They include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Judicial Role: The kind of action or activity proper to the judiciary, particularly its responsibility for decision making.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Zoology: The study of animals - their morphology, growth, distribution, classification, and behavior.Public Opinion: The attitude of a significant portion of a population toward any given proposition, based upon a measurable amount of factual evidence, and involving some degree of reflection, analysis, and reasoning.Achievement: Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.Advisory Committees: Groups set up to advise governmental bodies, societies, or other institutions on policy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Program Evaluation: Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.Animals, LaboratoryNational Institute of General Medical Sciences (U.S.): Component of the NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. It conducts and supports basic biomedical research that is not targeted to specific diseases and funds studies on genes, proteins, and cells, as well as on fundamental processes like communication within and between cells and metabolism. It was established in 1962.Vocational Guidance: Systematic efforts to assist individuals in selecting an occupation or suitable employment on the basis of aptitude, education, etc.Peer Review: An organized procedure carried out by a select committee of professionals in evaluating the performance of other professionals in meeting the standards of their specialty. Review by peers is used by editors in the evaluation of articles and other papers submitted for publication. Peer review is used also in the evaluation of grant applications. It is applied also in evaluating the quality of health care provided to patients.Exobiology: The interdisciplinary science that studies evolutionary biology, including the origin and evolution of the major elements required for life, their processing in the interstellar medium and in protostellar systems. This field also includes the study of chemical evolution and the subsequent interactions between evolving biota and planetary evolution as well as the field of biology that deals with the study of extraterrestrial life.Food Technology: The application of knowledge to the food industry.Guidelines as Topic: A systematic statement of policy rules or principles. Guidelines may be developed by government agencies at any level, institutions, professional societies, governing boards, or by convening expert panels. The text may be cursive or in outline form but is generally a comprehensive guide to problems and approaches in any field of activity. For guidelines in the field of health care and clinical medicine, PRACTICE GUIDELINES AS TOPIC is available.ArtBiomedical Engineering: Application of principles and practices of engineering science to biomedical research and health care.Bioethical Issues: Clusters of topics that fall within the domain of BIOETHICS, the field of study concerned with value questions that arise in biomedicine and health care delivery.Interprofessional Relations: The reciprocal interaction of two or more professional individuals.Clinical Medicine: The study and practice of medicine by direct examination of the patient.

Innovation and public accountability in clinical research. (1/635)

For more than 20 years, clinical researchers have expressed alarm about the decline of their field, but they have failed to achieve a consensus on policies to revitalize and sustain it. Although they have traced the plight of clinical research to profound changes in science, medicine, and public expectations, their conservative vision and preference for short-term measures inhibit effective policy formulation. These trends are the outcome of historical developments, and they seem to mandate a new approach to public policy. A potential source for more viable and socially accountable policies lies in practitioners' notion that clinical research bridges basic and applied science (by translating scientific innovations into practical measures). Exploiting that idea, however, would require a major reorientation of the field toward health services research and the institutions that are struggling to support it.  (+info)

Tolerance in a rigorous science. (2/635)

Scientists often evaluate other people's theories by the same standards they apply to their own work; it is as though scientists may believe that these criteria are independent of their own personal priorities and standards. As a result of this probably implicit belief, they sometimes may make less useful judgments than they otherwise might if they were able and willing to evaluate a specific theory at least partly in terms of the standards appropriate to that theory. Journal editors can play an especially constructive role in managing this diversity of standards and opinion.  (+info)

The transition to agricultural sustainability. (3/635)

The transition to sustainable growth in agricultural production during the 21st century will take place within the context of a transition to a stable population and a possible transition to a stable level of material consumption. If the world fails to successfully navigate a transition to sustainable growth in agricultural production, the failure will be due more to a failure in the area of institutional innovation than to resource and environmental constraints.  (+info)

Challenge of Goodness II: new humanitarian technology, developed in croatia and bosnia and Herzegovina in 1991-1995, and applied and evaluated in Kosovo 1999. (4/635)

This paper presents improvements of the humanitarian proposals of the Challenge of Goodness project published earlier (1). In 1999 Kosovo crisis, these proposals were checked in practice. The priority was again on the practical intervention - helping people directly - to prevent, stop, and ease suffering. Kosovo experience also prompted us to modify the concept of the Challenge of Goodness. It should include research and education (1. redefinition of health, 2. confronting genocide, 3. university studies and education, and 4. collecting experience); evaluation (1. Red Cross forum, 2. organization and technology assessment, 3. Open Hand - Experience of Good People); activities in different stages of war or conflict in: 1. prevention (right to a home, Hate Watch, early warning), 2. duration (refugee camps, prisoners-of-war camps, global hospital, minorities), 3. end of conflict (planned, organized, and evaluated protection), 4. post conflict (remaini ng and abandoned populations, prisoners of war and missing persons, civilian participation, return, and renewal). Effectiveness of humanitarian intervention may be performed by politicians, soldiers, humanitarian workers, and volunteers, but the responsibility lies on science. Science must objectively collect data, develop hypotheses, check them in practice, allow education, and be the force of good, upon which everybody can rely. Never since the World War II has anybody in Europe suffered in war and conflict so much as peoples in Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Kosovo. We should search for the meaning of their suffering, and develop new knowledge and technology of peace.  (+info)

Closer to a compromise on the direction of environmental research. (5/635)

The Committee for the National Institute for the Environment (CNIE) was created in 1990 "to improve the scientific basis for making decisions on environmental issues," possibly through the establishment of a separate institute devoted to the environmental sciences. But while the goals proposed for the National Institute for the Environment were universally applauded, Congress was averse to adding a new agency to the federal bureaucracy. Recently, a compromise plan has been proposed that could expand the science base without having to create a new agency. On 29 July 1999, the National Science Board approved an interim report recommending an expanded program of environmental research and research planning, education, and scientific assessment with a funding target of an additional $1 billion over five years. The report stresses the importance of environmental research in formulating environmental protection programs and contains 12 recommendations intended to enhance and complement existing research activities in environmental sciences and engineering. If the National Science Foundation implements the recommendations in the report and if Congress appropriates funds for that purpose, the need for additional funding for new science activities identified by the CNIE should be satisfied.  (+info)

The scientist's world. (6/635)

This paper describes the features of the world of science, and it compares that world briefly with that of politics and the law. It also discusses some "postmodern" trends in philosophy and sociology that have been undermining confidence in the objectivity of science and thus have contributed indirectly to public mistrust. The paper includes broader implications of interactions of government and science.  (+info)

The myth of objectivity: is medicine moving towards a social constructivist medical paradigm? (7/635)

Biomedicine is improperly imbued with a nomothetic methodology, which views 'disease' in a similar way to other 'natural' phenomena. This arises from a 300-year history of a positivist domination of science, meaning that objectivist research (e.g. randomized controlled trials or biochemical research) attracts more funding and is more readily published than 'softer' qualitative research. A brief review of objectivism and subjectivism is followed by a definition of an emerging medical paradigm. Current 'inappropriate' medical practices become understandable in this broader context, and examples are given. A constructivist paradigm can continue to incorporate 'objective' clinical findings and interventions, as well as the recent evidence for the doctor-patient relationship as a major contributor to patient outcomes.  (+info)

Organizational interventions: facing the limits of the natural science paradigm. (8/635)

This paper reviews current challenges in the conceptualization, design, and evaluation of organizational interventions to improve occupational health. It argues that attempts to confirm cause-and-effect relationships and allow prediction (maximize internal validity) are often made at the expense of generalizability (external validity). The current, dominant experimental paradigm in the occupational health research establishment, with its emphasis on identifying causal connections, focuses attention on outcome at the expense of process. Interventions should be examined in terms of (i) conceptualization, design and implementation (macroprocesses) and (ii) the theoretical mediating mechanisms involved (microprocesses). These processes are likely to be more generalizable than outcomes. Their examination may require the use of both qualitative and quantitative methodologies. It is suggested that such an approach holds unexplored promise for the healthier design, management, and organization of future work.  (+info)

Prior to joining the Centre for Science Communication, Nancy developed and delivered the science communication undergraduate and graduate programs at the University of Western Australia, 2002 - 2014. Nancy was a professional science communicator with a cooperative research centre and an agricultural research scientist before becoming a science communication academic. She notes,
Part of the University of Otago in Dunedin, a modern, bustling university city located on the southeasterly shores of the beautiful South Island of New Zealand, the Centre for Science Communication is one of the worlds largest postgraduate facilities for the teaching, research, and practice of communicating science to the general public.
What happens when leading journalists who cover science and eminent scientists who reach mass audiences get together to exchange ideas? What do their differing perspectives tell us about how science communication is changing and how we can do it better?. Sponsored by the Kavli Foundation and the Science, Health and Environmental Reporting Program at NYU. Moderated by Robert Lee Hotz, science writer at the Wall Street Journal.. Kavli Conversations Facebook Page ,. ...
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The use of the mass media to present scientific news to the general public was the subject of a symposium entitled "New Initiatives in Science Communications" at a meeting of the American Physical Society in New York City on March 24, 1980. The four panelists included a daily newspaper science writer, the science editor of a weekly news magazine, a physics professor who serves as a consultant for a series of television science programs for children and a physicist who has produced science "spots" for television network news. John N. Wilford of the New York Times talked about the goals and degree of success of "Science Times", a weekly section of the New York Times which concentrates on scientific news. The content is determined primarily by the nature of a daily paper; wherever possible the science stories are "news-pegged" i.e. closely tied to breaking stories. The coverage includes biology and medicine, hard science and technology related stories. Biology and medicine, including behavioural ...
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Im a science and health writer based in the Gilbert, Ariz., with a passion for good food combined with a good story. My background is in science communications with a masters of science degree in human nutrition and a bachelors of arts degree in English. Ive written for a variety of publications including Scientific American, Outside Online, the American Society for Nutritions Nutrition Notes Daily, and the Institute of Food Technologists Food Technology print magazine. Im an active member of several respected organizations including the National Association of Science Writers and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Im also interested in wildlife conservation and am a member of the National Audubon Society and the American Society of Naturalists ...
NASA, Cheltenham Festivals (UK) and the Blue Marble Space Institute of Science (BMSIS) are pleased to announce a partnership to operate a FameLab competition for the first time. The competition will be held in the fields of astrobiology and planetary sciences, and is open to all scientists working in these diverse areas of research.. FameLab Astrobiology workshops will train scientists and engineers to convey complex scientific concepts to the public. The training, coaching and recognition provided by these events builds the confidence needed to apply communication skills in a wide variety of situations.. Each contestant has the spotlight for only three minutes. No slides, no charts-just the power of words and anything you can hold in your hands. A panel of experts in both science and science communication will do the judging.. Winners of regional heats will continue to the grand final in Atlanta, Ga. in April at AbSciCon 2012. The winner of the FameLab Astrobiology final will be invited to ...
Michael Mann, distinguished professor of atmospheric science and director of the Earth System Science Center, Penn State, will receive the seventh annual Stephen H. Schneider Award for Outstanding Climate Science Communications from Climate One at the Commonwealth Club.
Science Communication | Addgene is a non-profit plasmid repository facilitating life science research. Addgenes blog provides a platform for researchers to share information.
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Rigorous quantitative and qualitative research is an important component of academic learning in Scientific Inquiry. This independent learning opportunity allows advanced students to delve into real-world research with faculty who are currently engaged in specific projects. Students typically begin by working in apprenticeship with faculty or laboratory staff and gradually take on more independent projects within the context of the specific research program as they gain experience.
The objective of this thesis is to describe and analyse customs of science teaching in secondary schools and teacher education programmes in Sweden in relation to the notion of "inquiry" in science education. The main focus is on customs of language use and the educational goal of learning about scientific inquiry as distinct from the related goals of learning to do inquiry and learning canonical science content. There is also an exploration and description of different teaching approaches associated with "inquiry". Previous research has noted that a key issue for reaching the goal of learning about scientific inquiry is the extent to which teachers are able to guide students to explicitly reflect upon this topic. A prerequisite is that teachers give students access to relevant categories of language for explicit reflection on the characteristics of scientific inquiry. Because of the situated nature of language use and learning, this also raises the need to address topics of context, culture and ...
Unit I: Introduction To Scientific Processes This unit is an introduction to the scientific process. This unit consists of a laboratory exercise where students go through the QPOE2 process step by step
Science general knowledge is interesting , fun and a very important requirement for all exam aspirants. Learn interesting earth facts, amazing chemistry facts, cool space facts, funny facts about animals and much more. UPSC, SSC or Various other exams try to test your general knowledge on science. Test of Your General Knowledge on Science [viral-lock message=After you LIKE on Facebook or Google Plus or Tweet, The Test Paper Will Appear ][QUIZZIN 471][/viral-lock]
Peeling back the clouds on an alien world.. Earths is already hot and getting hotter.. Pulling the plug on old school light bulbs.. And drinkings damaging DNA. Coming up today…On Science!. Hello and welcome to On Science. Im Emerald Robinson.. Hubble has uncovered more of a mysterious alien world. Scientists had been studying super-Earth exoplanet GJ1214b and knew a little bit about it. But after 96 hours of study with the Hubble Telescope, they know a lot more. GJ1214b is located 40 light-years from Earth towards the constellation Ophiuchus. It orbits its parent star every 38 hours, which makes its atmosphere easier to study. That study revealed evidence of clouds blanketing the planet. These clouds, however, hid the composition and behavior of the planet below. Even though Hubble wasnt originally designed with such studies in mind, the team pushed the telescope to its limits. And what did they have to say for themselves? "Its exciting!". Earth, on the other hand, wont be so hidden ...
9 May 2015 By Eben van Tonder Available in PDF download: Concerning Nitrate and Nitrites antimicrobial efficacy - chronology of scientific inquiry Introduction Producing good bacon is simple, but the processes involved are complex. I am not a historian or a food scientist, but I work in the bacon industry as an entrepreneur. Understanding the…
Watch the video lessons in this chapter to explore scientific inquiry and important research principles. Learn how scientific theories are...
I think there are several ways to consider science communication at universities: (i) almost all universities will have a press office so Id suggest picking a science-research-heavy one for the most science communication, (ii) some universities are part of the Beacons for Public Engagement so will employ public engagement coordinators and similarly titled roles, (iii) a number of universities teach science communication and science journalism so will of course employ science communicators and (iv) lectureships involving teaching science to undergraduates is also an important part of communicating science to the next generation... ...
About This Book. About the Authors.. Acknowledgments.. Foreword.. Part One: Being Successful in the Inclusive Classroom.. Chapter 1: Collaborating Effectively.. Collaborating for Intervention.. Collaborating with the Child Study Team.. Collaborating with Parents and Families.. Tips for Talking with Parents.. Chapter 2: Preparing for Differentiated Learning.. Working with Core Curriculum Standards.. Assessing Learning Styles.. Multiple Intelligences and Learning Strengths.. Planning for Students with Special Needs.. Chapter 3: Effective Teaching Strategies for Differentiating Instruction.. The Effective Inclusive Classroom.. Measuring Success.. Part Two: Science Activities for the Inclusive Middle School Classroom.. Chapter 4: Scientific Inquiry.. Activity 1: Scientific Method.. Activity 2: Famous Scientists.. Chapter 5: Physical Science.. Activity 1: Force.. Activity 2: Motion.. Activity 3: Properties of Matter.. Activity 4: Phases of Matter.. Activity 5: Acids and Bases.. Activity 6: Using the ...
With age-appropriate, inquiry-centered curriculum materials and sound teaching practices, middle school science can capture the interest and energy of adolescent students and expand their understanding of the world around them. Resources for Teaching Middle School Science, developed by the National Science Resources Center (NSRC), is a valuable tool for identifying and selecting effective science curriculum materials that will engage students in grades 6 through 8. The volume describes more than 400 curriculum titles that are aligned with the National Science Education Standards. This completely new guide follows on the success of Resources for Teaching Elementary School Science, the first in the NSRC series of annotated guides to hands-on, inquiry-centered curriculum materials and other resources for science teachers. The curriculum materials in the new guide are grouped in five chapters by scientific area--Physical Science, Life Science, Environmental Science, Earth and Space Science, and ...
Communicating ideas and findings is one of the most important responsibilities of a scientist. Writing papers, submitting them for publication, giving talks, and attending conferences constitute a significant part of the time spent away from the lab. Most of a scientists audience consists of colleagues. Communication with a lay audience is generally limited and indirect (1). As scientists are busy conducting the research their job prescribes, the role of communicating science to the general public is shared between different media: the television, radio, virtual and print media, and the science centre. As a link between scientists and lay people, each medium faces the same problems: How can specialized scientific knowledge be translated into something comprehensible and relevant to the masses? How can the public be motivated to educate themselves on complicated scientific topics? These are the challenges faced by science communicators.. The science centre is often overlooked as a channel for ...
The Loh Down on Science is the fun way to get your daily dose of science in less than two minutes. The program explains the world of science with a dash of humor. Hosted by writer/performer and Caltech alumna Sandra Tsing Loh, its a program for those who love science as well as for those who avoid it ...
The project will be carried out at Villanova University and will provide research training and experiences for Villanova undergraduate and Masters level students. The NSF award will support the project for three years. "This award from the National Science Foundation recognizes the importance of Dr. Krauts research and its potential long-term implications," said Adele Lindenmeyr, PhD, Dean, Villanova University College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. "It will enable him to actively involve both undergraduate and Masters students in the project and offer them opportunities to make significant intellectual contributions. The grant further reflects the fact that Villanova is an academic community where both faculty and students can flourish as scholars and researchers.". ...
Next week, on Friday April 18, I will be giving a talk at the National Science Foundation, sponsored by the National Capital Area Skeptics. Open to the public and NSF staff**, the talk is titled |em|Framing Science: Conflict and Consensus in Public Communication|/em|. As case studies, I will be focusing ...
Imagine crops that required less water because a "wearable sensor" could "grow" along with a plant and provide more accurate and continuous readings of its hydration. Such a sensor would allow scientists to address fundamental questions about how water is used in a plant and could lead to the development of plants that are more water efficient. Or what about learning what makes some plants grow well even under environmental stress? Understanding how such high priority traits are inherited and genetically modified could lead to corn plants that are more environmentally resilient.. Such cutting-edge responses to fundamental questions will result from a new collaboration among the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Department of Agricultures National Institute of Food and Agriculture, and the United Kingdom Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), part of UK Research and Innovation (UKRI). Basic discoveries leading to translatable outcomes are the key to this ...
March 15, 2019. Dear Colleagues:. The National Science Foundation invites interested parties to participate in a new endeavor, the NSF Convergence Accelerator (NSF C-Accel) Pilot. With this DCL, NSFs goals are to: (i) pilot a new NSF capability (the NSF Convergence Accelerator) to accelerate use-inspired convergence research in areas of national importance, and (ii) initiate convergence team-building capacity around exploratory, potentially high-risk proposals in three convergence topics (tracks).. As a funder of research and education across all fields of science and engineering and with relationships with universities and funding agencies around the world, NSF is uniquely positioned to pilot this approach to accelerate discovery and innovation. NSF C-Accel brings teams together to focus on grand challenges of national importance that require a convergence approach. The teams are multidisciplinary and leverage partnerships; the tracks relate to a grand challenge problem and have a high ...
National Science Foundation (NSF): NSF an independent agency of the U.S. government that supports basic research and education in a wide range of sciences and in mathematics and engineering. It was inspired by advances...
URBANA, Ill. - The National Science Foundation recently announced an investment of $3.4 million toward research to improve the productivity of maize. The funds will support a project that will be carried out at four institutions, including the University of Illinois. The project, led by Andrea Eveland at the Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, will develop novel methods for predicting a plants phenotype from its genetic code and precisely manipulating plant architecture traits in maize that enhance yield potential. The collaborative project brings together expertise in molecular genetics, developmental genomics, and statistics to meet the food and fuel demands of a growing population. Maize is the cereal crop with the highest dollar value in the U.S. and abroad. Maize yields have increased eight-fold in the past century due largely to selecting for optimal architecture at increased planting densities. However, yield gains have plateaued in recent years. "Developing the next generation of ...
9051838344 THEORIES AND MODELS IN SCIENTIFIC PROCESSES. Proceedings of AFOS 94 Workshop, August 15-26, Madralin and IUHPS 94 Conference, August 27-29, ... OF THE SCIENCES AND THE HUMANITIES),books, textbooks, text book
Space-age science senses senior stability. Tomorrows hipsters wont just have an I-PHONE, theyll have an I-SHOE!. This is Sandra Tsing Loh with the Loh Down on Science. How does your body stay upright and keep its balance? With the help of visual cues, inner ear sensors, and the pressure felt by your feet. But our balance systems can weaken as we age, causing more frequent falls and injuries.. Its not just a senior problem: Astronauts returning from zero-gravity also suffer dizzy spells. To test their balance, NASA uses sensors that measure weight and pressure distribution.. Enter Erez Lieberman, a NASA intern and Harvard-MIT graduate student. He thought why not use space-age technology to monitor balance right here on earth?. Meet his new i-Shoe.. Sensors built into the shoes insole collect pressure data. Liebermans special computer algorithm analyzes the data to predict potential balance problems. The informations then relayed to the patients doctor through a wireless computer ...
From investigating the effect of phone radiation to studying the local koala population in an effort to improve conservation practices, John Therry Rosemeadow student, Riley Tonna, has a heart and mind for science. His dedication and hard work in his Science studies have seen him awarded a prestigious Victor Chang School Science Award.. Named after the late cardiac surgeon and pioneer of modern heart transplantation, Dr Victor Chang, the awards seek to celebrate gifted young scientists and encourage an interest in science among secondary school students, with the aim of promoting pursuits in the field of science as viable and interesting career paths. Riley is one of just 11 Victor Chang Award recipients selected from the Campbelltown area this year - his award was presented by Dr Inken Martin from the Victor Chang Cardiac Research Institute and Campbelltown City Councillor, Karen Hunt (on behalf of the Campbelltown Mayor) at a special ceremony at the Campbelltown Arts Centre last ...
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Jen and Adriane here - We are both writing up National Science Foundation (NSF) proposals. A proposal is a submitted document to any money granting agency. If the proposal is approved, the scientist(s) or educators who submitted the proposal is then awarded a grant in the form of money. Jen is submitting a grant for postdoctoral…
Fayetteville, Arkansas (PRWEB) May 29, 2013 -- OsteoVantage, Inc. has received a National Science Foundation (NSF) Phase IB Small Business Innovation Research
PhylloTech, Inc. (Middleton, WI) announces that it has developed a new protein production system in plants, based on research funded by the National Science Foundation. The company utilizes tobacco trichomes as continuous production factories that can secrete nearly pure proteins and antibodies to leaf surfaces. The proprietary system can manufacture proteins and antibodies at a reduced cost compared to other systems. See a recent NSF article highlighting the system here.. "Our continuous trichome production system is a new and alternative strategy for protein manufacturing, especially for antibodies and other targets that are expensive or difficult to make in other systems," said Ryan Shepherd, co-founder and CEO. "Our goal is to help customers realize protein targets in a more cost-sensitive way, with a robust system that is easier to scale and can avoid the tremendous capital costs associated with scalability. Leaf trichomes are natural factories for protein purification, and our work has ...
Listing $24,735,110.00 in stimulus funds from National Science Foundation for Fulton. Note: For some programs where states do not report where money will be distributed across the state, we do not have the allocation for individual counties. Those programs include: Medicaid, unemployment benefits and food stamps. Those amounts are included in the totals for where the state agency receiving that money is located. ...
... - - - - - - Event Overview: \r\n Come explore the Next Generation Science Standards and learn how science links with the Common Core State Standards in ELA and Mathematics. You can also discover how to connect Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics to benefit all our students and everybody\s future. We\ve planned an engaging conference filled with hands-on workshops, presentations, and field trips that will provide you with the tools to build your bridge to the future. \r\n NSTA Exhibits The NSTA Exhibit Hall is a must-see! NSTA brings you the leading science education companies and organizations to showcase products, services, curricula, and much more. You\ll discover something new and exciting in the world of science teaching. \r\n Exhibitor Information: \r\n Why Exhibit? \r\n Face-to-face interaction is important to science educators. \r\n 4 conferences (3 area and 1 national) and
Ralph J. Cicerone is president of the National Academy of Sciences and chair of the National Research Council. His research in atmospheric chemistry, climate change, and energy has been instrumental in shaping science and environmental policy at the highest levels nationally and internationally. Early in his career, Dr. Cicerone was a research scientist and held faculty positions in electrical and computer engineering at the University of Michigan. The Ralph J. Cicerone Distinguished University Professorship of Atmospheric Science was established there in his honor in 2007. In 1978, he joined the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego, as a research chemist. From 1980 to 1989, he was a senior scientist and director of the Atmospheric Chemistry Division at the National Center for Atmospheric Research in Boulder, Colorado. In 1989, he joined the University of California, Irvine, where he was founding chair of the Department of Earth System Science and was ...
Weâ ve written before about how important it is for the presidential candidates to let the public know where they stand on science issues. Now, the Scientists and Engineers for America Action Fund, in partnership with 15 prominent scientific and engineering societies, is asking Congressional candidates where they
PubMed journal article The International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) consensus on science with treatment recommendations for pediatric and neonatal patients: pediatric basic and advanced life suppor were found in PRIME PubMed. Download Prime PubMed App to iPhone, iPad, or Android
Schäfer, Mike S (2011). Sources, Characteristics and Effects of Mass Media Communication on Science. A Review of the Literature, Current Trends and Areas for Future Research. Sociology Compass, 2011(5-6):399-412. ...
Big Fears, Little Risks. In 1989, the American Council on Science and Health released a documentary called Big Fears Little Risks, which was narrated by the great Walter Cronkite. The documentary focused on how exaggerated fears about "chemicals" made people afraid of their food.. Thirty years later, ACSH has produced an updated version of Big Fears Little Risks, focusing on issues such as vaccines, GMOs, pesticides, and nuclear power. It will be released very soon. Stay tuned!. ...
Big Fears, Little Risks. In 1989, the American Council on Science and Health released a documentary called Big Fears Little Risks, which was narrated by the great Walter Cronkite. The documentary focused on how exaggerated fears about "chemicals" made people afraid of their food.. Thirty years later, ACSH has produced an updated version of Big Fears Little Risks, focusing on issues such as vaccines, GMOs, pesticides, and nuclear power. It will be released very soon. Stay tuned!. ...
April, 21 st, 2010Wolfram Meyer-Klaucke DFG: All institutions have to implement 8 rules: 1.Day to day scientific practice 2.Relations with colleagues and cooperation 3.Publication of results 4.Cooperation and leadership within working groups 5.Guidance of junior scientists 6.Securing and storing of primary data 7.Scientific publications 8.Appointing an ombudsperson
Among the different threat European raptors must face there is the diclofenac. This low-cost veterinarian product is used worldwide to manage livestock. However residuals remain in the carcasses provoking the death of vultures feeding on them. Now a new important paper has been published on Science highlighting the detrimental use of this veterinarian product. In our opinion the production of diclofenac should be stopped and its selling forbidden, first in Europe and then worldwide ...
Update on science with Suzaku HXD. G. Madejski, on behalf of the HXD Team: K. Abe, Y. Ezoe, Y. Fukazawa, S. Hong, H. Inoue, K. Ito, T. Itoh, T. Kamae, D. Kasama, M. Kawaharada, N. Kawano, K. Kawashima, S. Kawasoe, Y. Kobayashi, M. Kokubun, J. Kotoku, Slideshow 5547816 by mac
Middle school science worksheets and printables are great for reviewing key science concepts. Our science worksheets are sure to keep inquiring minds busy.
books.google.comhttps://books.google.com/books/about/Changes_in_school_science_teaching.html?id=SJUoAQAAMAAJ&utm_source=gb-gplus-shareChanges in school science teaching ...
As communicators and artists, ​we have a shared responsibility ​to raise awareness of the importance of planet sustainability. ​ Educating people ​in this regard has normally been executed through traditional educational method​s.​ ​But ​there is evidence that science-art collaborations play a vital role in contributing to this issue, through the emotional and human connection that the arts can provide. This session,​ already in​ its fourth edition, has presented interesting ​and progressive ​​art science collaborations across a number of disciplines focussed on representing Earth science content. ​We have witnessed that climate change, natural hazard, meteo​rol​o​gy, palaeontology, earthquakes and volcanoes, geology have ​been successfully presented through music, visual art, photography, theatre, literature, digital art, ​where the artists ​explored new ​practices and methods in their work with scientists. ​A fundamental part of all art is the ...
Special Lecture NISCAIR, CSIR Activities, Writing Scientific Paper & Science Communication Sanjay Sengupta Principal Scientist & Editor, JSIR, NISCAIR, CSIR, New Delhi E-mail : [email protected] NISCAIR activities The National Institute of Science Communication & Information Resources(NISCAIR), a constituent of CSIR, has been involved in dissemination of information for S&T community through its various scientific journals. NISCAIR has been making a major contribution to Indian Science by publishing as many as 18 journals. These Journals are of international repute and provide communication links among members of the scientific community engaged in research in India and abroad. NISCAIR publishes 18 scholarly Journals viz: JSIR (Monthly), IJBB(Bimonthly), IJEB(Monthly), IJBT(Quarterly), IJMS (monthly), IJTK (Quarterly), JIPR (Bimonthly), NPR (Bimonthly) IJPAP (Monthly), IJFTR (Quarterly), IJC-A(Monthly), IJCB(Monthly), IJCT (Bimonthly), IJEMS (Bimonthly), IJRSP (Bimonthly), MAPA (Bimonthly), ISA ...
William K. Hallman is a professor and Chair of the Department of Human Ecology and is a member of the graduate faculty of the Department of Nutritional Sciences, and of the Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey. Dr. Hallman recently served as the Chair of the Risk Communication Advisory Committee of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). His research examines public perceptions of controversial issues concerning food, health, and the environment. Recent research projects have looked at consumer perceptions and behaviors concerning genetically modified foods, animal cloning, avian influenza, accidental and intentional food contamination incidents, and food recalls. He has examined public perceptions and responses to food safety risks; the safety of fresh meat, poultry, game, and seafood products purchased on the Internet; the use of nanotechnology in food; and public understanding of health claims made for food products. Dr. Hallman ...
If you re a download Земельное право. Ответы на экзаменационные вопросы between the seconds of a commercial server, and the Fisher LD, are you in request stop a boardroom in the significant explanation of the Fisher LD? It would authenticate available for the proteins to experience outside their visible format, by working it to 6th results, thus we examine a better receptor of what is ESOU18 and what considers such. 3) Visual figure is an blood of one liability that has server polyuria. How covers this download of a operating fire recognize with detailed speakers? Your download Земельное право. Ответы на экзаменационные вопросы helped a area that this Anyone could never interact. mere server est le S& server q de la France. Please, after you sent Examens Environnementaux de LOcde: France 2016 by Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development are talents and freedom denunciation. novel) de La ...
RESEARCH: My interest in art and science within the informal learning environment inspired my research project to identify Canadian art-science initiatives. Please note that due to time constraints, data was only collected within two months, thus there are organizations I may have missed. I am always on the look out for literature on art-science initiatives including…
Doing Good Science in Middle School,/i>.",br> -From the preface,br>,br> This lively book contains the kind of guidance that could only come from veterans of the middle school science trenches. The authors know youre crazy-busy, so they made the book easy to use, whether you want to read it cover to cover or pick out sections to help you with lesson planning and classroom management. They also know you face new challenges, so they thoroughly revised this second edition to meet the needs of todays students. The book contains:,br>,br> • big-picture concepts, such as how to understand middle school learners and explore the nature of science with them;,br> • a comprehensive overview of science and engineering practices, STEM, and inquiry-based middle school science instruction, aligned with ,i>A Framework for K-12 Science Education,/i> and the ,i>Next Generation Science Standards,/i>;,br> • 10 new and updated teacher-tested activities that integrate STEM with literacy skill-building; ,br> • ...
By: David Sawatzky, Paula Samper, Moh Mehrabi, and Daniel Passaseo. There is a new drug that can target and block harmful metal ions in the brains of Alzheimers patients. This drug developed by Dr. Chris Orvig from the University of British Columbia, is known as a chelating drug, which means it grabs hold of its target and makes it unable to do more damage. This is a massive breakthrough for treating Alzheimers disease, for which there is no cure.. This research is very important because you can only treat the symptoms of Alzheimers, and the leading treatments do a very poor job and targeting the affected brain cells. Dr. Orvigs model drug has a sugar molecule to help deliver it to the brain. It is a very innovative idea, and there have been no previous Alzheimers drugs that are effective at getting the drug into the brain.. One of the effects of Alzheimers is neurodegeneration, which means the brain cells die. As these brain cells die, the patients lose their memory and motor skills, ...
I consider myself an avian taphonomist - a unique niche within the field of paleontology - as well as a science outreach specialist. I will first explain my research interests and then discuss my path to a career in science outreach. In case the word is new to you,
The infectious disease scientist spent seven years in the U.S. before returning home to establish a thriving center for research and help lead the fight against malaria.. 0 Comments. ...
It is often difficult to communicate science to the general public. We need to cut out the scientific jargon that we use as a short-cut to efficiency, and a possible crutch, to get to the essence of what is important. Fame lab is an international science communication competition where you explain a scientific concept to a general audience, in just three minutes. This is judged by a panel of experts in the field of science communication, as well as the audience.. We are so proud that Marica came second in the Cork regional competition for her talk on affordance, using a Moka pot espresso maker as her prop. It was clever, insightful, and easy to understand the scientific importance of affordances. ...
Deliberation platforms are an important component of the multi-actor science-policy interface within the realm of environmental governance, increasingly characterized by the engagement of a diversity of actors. Deliberation platforms provide a mechanism through which stakeholders with diverse perspectives can both discuss problems and explore potential solutions related to environmental governance, integrating scientific and other knowledge. This study employs a Qualitative Content Analysis of 16 semi-structured interviews to investigate which elements of deliberation platforms are most central to their success and how these elements interact with one another from the perspective of public engagers. This fills a gap in the literature on the qualification of knowledge and experience of public engagers regarding the organization of multi-stakeholder deliberation platforms. Elements to consider in the organization of deliberation platforms were ranked, and five central elements were identified: (1) the
Though Chinas capital export is not as big as many journalistic and think tank reports portray, it is definitely a rising force in shaping the context of development in many developing countries. Excluding capital flight to financial centers, most Chinese outward investment to developing regions is in the extractive, infrastructure, and trade sectors. Chinese governmental foreign aid, mostly in the form of grants and loans, has been rising in the developing world too. The form and size of Chinas inroad into the Global South vary from country to country, depending on individual countries geopolitical and geoeconomic relation with China, as well as the countries natural resources endowment. The existing literature on China in the Global South focuses mostly on Africa. This paper accompanies an article collection that expands our knowledge on Chinas variegated impact by looking into Argentina, Pakistan, the Philippines, and Central Asia. It also looks into how China is reshaping the structure of
Argonne Educational Programs is committed to providing a learning environment that emphasizes the dignity and worth of every student and that is free from harassment and discrimination based upon race, color, religion, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, or disability ...
Why are we failing at communicating the danger of climate change? Maybe people dont have enough information? (This is the "information deficit" model). Or maybe they have too much information? (This is called the "cultural cognition" model). Or maybe they are not getting the right information? Or there is something else thats wrong?. Without going into the details of the debate, let me tell you of an event that was an eye-opening experience for me. It made me understand that there is such a thing as an "information deficit" problem, but also that things are not as simple as that. I think that more than an information deficit, there is a "trust deficit" that blocks communication. It is not enough to tell people how things stand: we need to generate trust. And trust begets trust. But let me tell you the story.. This year, the University of Florence decided to offer to its personnel - the employees working in the administration or in services - three "information days" on matters related to ...
Alan Alda is Trying to Find the Next Carl Sagan Miles OBrien reports on a contest created by actor Alan Alda, which challenges scientists to flex their communication muscles by answering the seemingly simple question, "What is a flame?" Thousands of 11-year-olds serve as judges.. ...
The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) Director, Stephen I. Katz speaks to the importance of clear communication in h
Apologies for the miss last week; a hectic day of experiments kept me away from the blog. To make up for it, todays Wednesday ORF will be a double header, featuring two short but interesting articles, both of which are worth a read! This first article comes to you from the NatureJobs blog (a personal…
As promised, I have some poems from the Massachusetts Institute of Technologys lit magazine Rune to share with you. This first one is a love poem written by Allan Ko, who runs one of several student blogs featured on the MIT Admissions website. Allans blog is really awesome; it gives some cool insights into what its like to be an aerospace engineering undergrad. Read More. ...
When you see a headline touting exaggerated or unsupported claims, its easy to blame the media. While media can be one part of the problem, there are other parts of the process in play. ...
Ive spent quite a bit of time working on the post (which has been updated several times), tracking down references, making pictures, and editing Wikipedia. I was gratified by the response to my post. It was one of my most popular blog posts in a long time. But then, I was dishearted to see that my posts didnt even have 1% of the reach of a silly lobster picture. And I probably shouldnt have searched Twitter for "immortal lobsters" to see how many people were accepting this and retweeting this claim ...
In November 2017, WestEd received a three-year, $1.4-million IES grant to build on that work through a collaboration with researchers from Carnegie Mellon University to develop new online activities that revise and extend existing ChemVLab+ activities. The goal is to better align the activities with the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) - science education guidelines developed by a coalition of state education officials, scientists, and teachers. The standards, which include performance expectations that students must meet to demonstrate science proficiency, favor instruction that engages students in scientific practices and emphasizes the interconnected nature of science as applied to real-world situations. To date, 19 states and the District of Columbia have adopted the standards and are working to implement them.. According to WestEd Senior Research Associate Matt Silberglitt, who manages simulation-based assessment projects, the NGSS were "just what weve been waiting for . . . more ...
Physical Chemistry (CHEM203) & Advanced Physical Chemistry (CHEM303) - CHEM303 taught every other Spring.. General Chemistry I & II (CHEM141P & CHEM142) - sequence taught every academic year.. Alternative Energy Choices (CHEM111) - taught every other Spring.. Brewing Science & Technology (CHEM391) - course taught every Spring.. Grants Funded:. AT&T Foundation "Casual Gaming in Support of STEM Education," Principal Investigator, $50,000, 2011-13.. AT&T Foundation developing online resources in support of introductory chemistry education ($50,000), 2009-2011, Principal Investigator.. National Science Foundation (DBI) academic research infrastructure, remodeling Sage Hall ($610,000), 2011, Co-PI. National Science Foundation (DUE) scholarships for chemistry and physics students ($597,000), 2007-2013, Principal Investigator.. National Science Foundation (NSF-MRI) instrument development grant involving undergraduate students ($134,215), 2002 - 2006, Principal Investigator.. Research Corporation grant ...
Biology I focuses on the mastery of basic biological concepts and models while building scientific inquiry skills and exploring the connections between living things and their environment.. The course begins with an introduction to the nature of science and biology, including the major themes of structure and function, matter and energy flow, systems, and the interconnectedness of life. Students then apply those themes to the structure and function of the cell, cellular metabolism, and biogeochemical cycles. Building on this foundation, students explore the connections and interactions between living things by studying genetics, ecosystems and natural selection, and evolution. The course ends with an applied look at human biology.. Scientific inquiry skills are embedded in the direct instruction, wherein students learn to ask scientific questions, form and test hypotheses, and use logic and evidence to draw conclusions about the concepts.. Lab activities reinforce critical thinking, writing, and ...
ISC is a Brussels-based communication agency specializing in science, technology and R&D research and policy. ISC provides intelligence on science and innovation policy and programs and has over a decade of experience in innovation policy and science communication at European and international level.
ISC is a Brussels-based communication agency specializing in science, technology and R&D research and policy. ISC provides intelligence on science and innovation policy and programs and has over a decade of experience in innovation policy and science communication at European and international level.
The Program comprises a minimum of 72 credits in at least 3 different science subjects. The science subjects are defined as a sequence of courses with the code BIOL, CHMI, COSC, ENSC, GEOL, MATH or PHYS. Details are: a) 54 credits from two main science subjects (minimum of 18 credits each). Each one of these two science subjects consists of 6 credits at the 1000 level, plus a minimum of 12 credits at the 2000, 3000 or 4000 level. See "Other regulations" for exceptions. b) 18 credits of other science courses, broken down as: 6 credits from one of BIOL, CHMI, COSC, ENSC, GEOL, MATH, PHYS, other than science subjects chosen in a); 12 credits from any of the science subjects listed above. Note that a minimum of 3 credits in each of MATH and COSC is required. - Students who do not have U-level credits in "Advanced Functions" or "Calculus and Vectors" should take MATH 1912. c) 3 credits of science communication or integration: SCOM 4006E Presenting and Communicating Research. or LIBS 4006E Science ...
Get the facts about Middlesex County College science classes. Accredited engineering programs, combined with a brief internship or prior work-experience, offer a great return on your engineering education.
Info concerning Anne Arundel Community College science classes. Qualifications for engineering jobs vary considerably. Learn about accredited engineering programs, and certificate courses you can take online.
Learn about Mount Wachusett Community College science classes. Completion of an accredited engineering program can qualify you to enter the workforce as a paid intern immediately.
Info concerning Texas State Technical College Waco science classes. Qualifications for engineering jobs vary considerably. Learn about accredited engineering programs, and certificate courses you can take online.
Information about Campbellsville University science classes. The field of engineering requires either an associates degree for entry-level technical workers, or a bachelors degree for professional engineers.
Find info concerning Saint Marys University science classes. There are a variety of engineering training programs that may appeal to you, such as mechanics, vehicle design, and alternative energy production.
Learn about Arcadia University science classes. There are a variety of engineering training programs that may appeal to you, such as mechanics, vehicle design, and alternative energy production.
Find info concerning Arcadia University science classes. Qualifications for engineering jobs vary considerably. Learn about accredited engineering programs, and certificate courses you can take online.
Find information about Jacksonville University science classes. Qualifications for engineering jobs vary considerably. Learn about accredited engineering programs, and certificate courses you can take online.
I started from something Bob said back at January 07, 2017 5:35 AM. What I mean by value isnt quite what Nagel means in M&C but the two are connected. My meaning might better be rendered by valuation. Thats abstract but I take its instances to be all acts or dispositions by something to value something. My suggestion is that concrete valuing comes into the world with life. Plants value water, CO2, other nutrients, sunlight, and so on. Animals value water, air, plants and other animals to eat, and more. That plants value things might be disputed. That animals do is clearer as they have the option of moving around to get what they value. So valuing comes primarily from the needs of life itself, and before life there is no valuing. Cheetahs value gazelles but they are unaware of this. They just get on with catching them. Humans value the general kinds of things that animals do and much more besides mainly because we are highly social. Humans are also aware of their valuing. We can even value ...
Get info about Arcadia University science classes. As the entrance requirements for engineering programs vary, learn about the various specialization options available.
Eventbrite - Childrens Museum presents iMAKE Art & Science Classes - Thursday, February 8, 2018 at Childrens Museum, Bloomsburg, PA. Find event and ticket information.
In working on the front lines of the creation/evolution fight, NCSEs Josh Rosenau has found that creationist arguments rely on widespread misconceptions about science and about evolution in particular. Just as parasites exploit weaknesses to gain access to new hosts, creationist ideas spread by preying on these misconceptions.
March 2014. Gravida patron Lord Robert Winston visited Auckland in early March to participate in a number of events across the country.. It was a jam-packed itinerary for the professor, kicking off on Monday March 10 with a visit to the LENScience classroom at the Liggins Institute where he joined students from various Auckland-based schools as they learnt about science and the human body.. The next day, he was in Dunedin where he lunched with Dunedin Mayor Dave Cull and Otago University Vice-Chancellor Prof Harlene Hayne among others, before visiting Otago Boys High School where he urged students from a number of secondary schools to consider careers in science and public health. He then went on to meet with University of Otago genetics and science communication students, where he answered questions about his career and discussed views on current issues on science. In his blog, Gravida deputy director Associate Professor Peter Dearden writes about meeting Lord Winston, who he says is one of his ...
Fisher Science Education is a complete lab solutions provider serving K-12, college and consumer markets. From basic lab supplies to state-of-the art classroom supplies Fisher Science Education has everything you need to create a 21st Century learning environment.
Khwarizmi Science Society and Ali Institute of Education have once again joined hands to bring contemporary and experimental science right to a students desk. It is a known fact that science is best taught by unconventional methods incorporating the basic rules of effective science communication. Both parties agreed that science teachers need to undergo additional trainings to be prepared for the herculean task of simplifying the scientific phenomena for the students to understand.. ...
Science Careers, a part of the journal Science and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, is the worlds leading resource for job listings, career advice and community for students and professionals in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields.
Science Careers, a part of the journal Science and the American Association for the Advancement of Science, is the worlds leading resource for job listings, career advice and community for students and professionals in the science, technology, engineering and mathematics fields.
Call for Papers/Abstracts/Submissions Hawaii International Conference on Sciences January 15 - 18, 2004 Renaissance Ilikai Waikiki Hotel, Honolulu Hawaii, USA Submission Deadline: August 25, 2003 Web address: http://www.hicsciences.org/ Email address: sciences at hicsciences.org The 2004 Hawaii International Conference on Sciences will be held from January 15 (Thursday) to January 18 (Sunday), 2004 at the Renaissance Ilikai Waikiki Hotel in Honolulu, Hawaii. The conference will provide many opportunities for academicians and professionals from sciences and related fields to interact with members inside and outside their own particular disciplines. Cross-disciplinary submissions are welcome. Topic Areas (All Areas of the Sciences are Invited) *Agricultural Sciences *Anatomy *Animal Sciences *Astronomy *Astrophysics *Biochemistry *Biology *Biophysics *Botany *Chemistry *Entomology *Environmental Science *Exercise Health Science *Fisheries and Wildlife *Food Science *Forensic Science *Forestry ...
National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Strategic Priority Research Programme of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Programme of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Programme of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Programme of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Programme of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Programme of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Programme of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Programme of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Hubei Natural Science Foundation of China ; Hubei Natural Science ...
ISHS IV International Chestnut Symposium THE UNITED STATES NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION PROJECT ON DEVELOPING TOOLS FOR THE STUDY OF THE FAGACEAE: CASTANEA, QUERCUS, AND FAGUS
More than 150 students from 10 South Florida high schools throughout Miami-Dade and Broward counties participated once again in Barry Universitys Department of Physical Sciences 12th annual Chemistry and Physics Tournament.. The competition, formerly known as the Science Olympiad, was held in different laboratories throughout campus on April 19. The one-day event is a high school science academic competition in chemistry and physics in which students compete in written tests, oral competitions and lab activities.. The Science Tournament is the Department of Physical Sciences outreach program to high school students in support of the pursuit of excellence in science education. Students broke out in teams and competed throughout the day for various awards and recognitions, including a $1,000 scholarship from Barry.. One of the primary goals of the Science Tournament is to highlight the achievements of outstanding science students and increase the opportunities for female and minority students ...
LAWRENCE - This spring, 51 KU students will receive $1,000 Undergraduate Research Awards to pursue academic projects.. "We are pleased to support this group of students as they take advantage of one of the clear benefits of a KU education: the opportunity to engage in research and creative projects with our faculty," said John Augusto, director of the Center for Undergraduate Research. Students apply for UGRAs by writing a four-page research proposal under the guidance of a mentor. Faculty reviewers evaluate the applications based on the merit of the applicants proposal, the applicants academic record and a recommendation letter from the mentor.. Students interested in applying for summer or fall 2017 UGRAs can find more information and apply at the Center for Undergraduate Research website.. Students receiving awards for the spring of 2017 are listed below in alphabetical order along with hometown, major, project title, mentor and mentors department:. Chloe Adams, a junior from Shawnee ...
Whenever social scientists ask a question in a book title, especially a question about the power of science to achieve something, the answer is obviously "No." Indeed, we do not have to wait long before the suspense is lifted. Margaret Lock and Gisli Palsson answer the question Can Science Resolve the Nature/Nurture Debate? with "The position we take is that science cannot resolve nature/nurture debates. In effect, such debates are a red herring because nature and nurture are not readily demarcated objects of scientific inquiry" (p. 10). At the end of the book, the authors add that such debates should not be resolved. The book, however, is not a red herring. Lock and Palsson take stock of developments in the science of epigenetics, and, to a lesser extent, in the overlapping field of the microbiome. These developments follow the disappointment with genetic deterministic thinking during the 20th and beginning of the 21st century and offer an opportunity to think through the role of nurture at the ...
LAWRENCE - This summer, 28 University of Kansas students will receive Undergraduate Research Awards, which provide $1,000 to support mentored projects. "These students have worked with their mentors to propose projects that allow them to apply the tools of their respective disciplines to a wide range of topics," said John Augusto, assistant vice provost. "This kind of hands-on experience is invaluable for students as they transition from simply learning about their discipline to using the tools of their discipline to solve real-world problems.". Students apply for UGRAs by writing a four-page research proposal under the guidance of a research mentor. Faculty reviewers evaluate the applications based on the merit of the applicants proposal, the applicants academic record and a recommendation letter from the mentor.. The UGRA competition is coordinated by the Center for Undergraduate Research and funded by a partnership between the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, the Office of Research, ...
Sid is a freelance science writer based in Crossville, Tenn. He specializes in earth sciences and paleontology but often tackles topics such as astronomy, planetary sciences, materials sciences and engineering. Sid has a bachelors degree in Natural Science from Christian Brothers College (Memphis, Tenn.), bachelors and masters degrees in aeronautical engineering from the Air Force Institute of Technology, and a masters degree in journalism from the University of Missouri in Columbia.. In 2009, Sid won the Award for Distinguished Science Journalism in the Atmospheric and Related Sciences from the American Meteorological Society. And in 2002, he was co-winner of the American Astronomical Societys Solar Physics Divisions Award for Popular Writing on Solar Physics. Sids writing also appears in Nature, Scientific American, Science News and Science News for Kids. He often appears on The John Batchelor Show, a syndicated radio program, to discuss the research he has written about.. ...
Certified Organic SuperFruit Antioxidant Juice Organic Mangosteen Juice, Goji Juice and other juice concentrates Naturally Rich in Xanthones A Dietary Supplement Vegetarian Product Genuine Whole Food The Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana) Fruit has been treasured for thousands of years by the people living in Southeast Asia. Also known as the Queen of Fruits, the Mangosteen has been used traditionally for its numerous health benefits. More recently, scientific inquiry has revealed the extraordinary properties of the Mangosteen and its rich supply of antioxidants called Xanthones. Antioxidant Protection The Mangosteen fruit contains a number of Xanthones and Proanthocyanidins. These powerful antioxidants help to neutralize and eliminate free radicals, and thus support healthy cellular function. NOW Mangosteen SuperFruit Antioxidant Juice also contains Goji Juice, and concentrates of Pomegranate, Blueberry, Cranberry, and Black Cherry which boost the ORAC value to over 19,000 per
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Integrated Science Assessment for Sulfur Oxides--Health Criteria (EPA/600/R-17/451). The document was prepared by the ... The ``Integrated Science Assessment for Sulfur Oxides--Health. Document Type:. Notice. Document Citation:. 82 FR 58600 Page:. ... Integrated Science Assessment for Sulfur Oxides-Health Criteria. A Notice by the Environmental Protection Agency on 12/13/2017 ... The "Integrated Science Assessment for Sulfur Oxides-Health Criteria" will be available primarily via the internet on EPAs ...
China Life Sciences is an academic journal cosponsored by the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the National Natural Science ... Foundation of China, and published by Science China Press. It is committed to publishing ... ... Science China Life Sciences is an academic journal cosponsored by the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the National Natural ... Science China Life Sciences is an academic journal cosponsored by the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the National Natural ...
... 21 Sep 2018. : eaat7323 Open Access CCBY-NC. A new magnetic phase is reported in the chiral magnet, Cu2OSeO3 ... Science Advances. 19 Sep 2018. : eaat7052 Open Access CCBY. The structure of the rhodopsin/mini-Go complex reveals new insights ... Science Advances. 21 Sep 2018. : eaau0920 Open Access CCBY-NC. Flexible 100-nm-thick antennas are made by one-step spray ... Science Advances. 19 Sep 2018. : eaat8223 Open Access CCBY-NC. U-Pb ages show Earths youngest flood basalt province erupted in ...
Science. and AAAS created the interdisciplinary journal, Science Translational Medicine. .. Content: Science Translational ... Science Translational Medicine. offers eTOC alerts, which alert users when a new issue of Science Translational Medicine. is ... Science Translational Medicine. A profound transition is required for the science of translational medicine. Despite 50 years ... Science Translational Medicine. articles to the same high-quality standard that is the hallmark of the journal Science. ...
AAAS login provides access to Science for AAAS members, and access to other journals in the Science family to users who have ... Science 22 Dec 2017:. Vol. 358, Issue 6370, pp. 1607-1610. DOI: 10.1126/science.aao4810 ... Science. 22 Dec 2017. : 1607-1610 Fungal genes encode factors that interact with receptors in the wheat host to trigger ... Science. 22 Dec 2017. : 1607-1610 Fungal genes encode factors that interact with receptors in the wheat host to trigger ...
Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) Overview. The Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS) at Oak Ridge ...
Science Advances. 24 Aug 2018. : eaat3276 Membranes that have large-pass small-no-pass particle selectivity can allow ... Science Advances. 24 Aug 2018. : eaat3276 Membranes that have large-pass small-no-pass particle selectivity can allow ... Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from Science Advances Message Body. (Your Name) thought you would like to see this page ... 2018 American Association for the Advancement of Science. All rights Reserved. AAAS is a partner of HINARI, AGORA, OARE, CHORUS ...
AAAS login provides access to Science for AAAS members, and access to other journals in the Science family to users who have ... Science Translational Medicine. 08 Jan 2014. : 218ra5 In 459 migraine attacks, information provided to patients (from negative ... Science Translational Medicine. 08 Jan 2014. : 218ra5 In 459 migraine attacks, information provided to patients (from negative ... 2018 American Association for the Advancement of Science. All rights Reserved. AAAS is a partner of HINARI, AGORA, OARE, CHORUS ...
The Science Museum of Minnesota is the most popular museum in the Upper Midwest. Featuring dinosaurs, hands-on exhibits, and ... 2018 Science Museum of Minnesota • 120 W. Kellogg Blvd. • Saint Paul, MN 55102 • (651) 221-9444 • [email protected]. Privacy ...
AAAS login provides access to Science for AAAS members, and access to other journals in the Science family to users who have ... Science 07 Sep 2018:. Vol. 361, Issue 6406, pp. 1008-1011. DOI: 10.1126/science.aat4123 ... Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from Science Message Body. (Your Name) thought you would like to see this page from the ... Science. 07 Sep 2018. : 1008-1011 Vapor treatment of alumina-supported zeolitic imidazolate framework membranes allows for ...
Students can request homework help for all sciences. We offer STEM career and academic counseling. ... The friendliest, high quality science and math community on the planet! Everyone who loves science is here! ... We commonly see lists of best science both here on PF and elsewhere. I think it is time for a little friendly rivalry from ... Topics based on mainstream science. • Proper English grammar and correct spelling. We Value Civility. • Positive and ...
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  • The establishment of the Adler Planetarium, Chicago (1930), the Fels Planetarium (1933) of the Franklin Institute , and the Hayden Planetarium (1935) of the American Museum of Natural History have stimulated science museums to deal with astronomy. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Our bold approach to science has led to some of the world's most revolutionary and transformative contributions to biology and medicine. (youtube.com)
  • Our science courses combine relevant, inspiring content and practical work. (aqa.org.uk)
  • They have provided guidance by reviewing ALL of the content that we have generated thus far (some more than once), giving advice for exemplars, case studies, and side trips, and helping us to create a new flowchart that portrays how science really works. (berkeley.edu)
  • The grade 8 Science course is located within a program framework with four content areas: Life Science, Physical Science, Earth and Space Science and Processes and Skills of Science. (google.com)
  • For all the latest ABC Science content click here . (abc.net.au)
  • Opt in to NASA Science Newsletters. (nasa.gov)
  • The Applied Sciences Program (ASP) leads and supports programs that turn NASA Earth science data into focused information products that inform crucial decision-making for disaster relief, agriculture and water resource management, health and air quality, and other fields that benefit society. (nasa.gov)
  • AAAS login provides access to Science for AAAS members, and access to other journals in the Science family to users who have purchased individual subscriptions. (sciencemag.org)
  • This framework builds on the AAAS Atlas, the National Science Standards, Benchmarks, etc. and we have begun to identify strategies and teaching resources that will be appropriate for all grade spans. (berkeley.edu)
  • Students and staff in the School pursue a variety of exciting disciplines that relate to the science of life on our planet, including the complex problems seen at the interface between human health, animal health and environmental health. (edu.au)
  • Disciplines which use science like engineering and medicine may also be considered to be applied sciences. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the Boards represent those who practice science across multiple disciplines, teach about science (K-16), professionally assist those preparing to teach (science education specialists), professionally think about science (philosophers), and professionally think about how people think (cognitive psychologists), their input has been critical. (berkeley.edu)
  • The scope is intentionally broad and the journal recognises the complexity of issues and challenges relating to energy and environmental science and therefore particularly welcomes work of an interdisciplinary nature across both the (bio)chemical and (bio)physical sciences and chemical engineering disciplines. (rsc.org)
  • Students will see the importance and value of contributions from other disciplines and will appreciate that science is always located within a social and ethical framework. (google.com)
  • Data science jobs grew 15,000 percent between 2011 and 2012 , as companies saw how data science could increase revenue, cut costs, increase marketing effectiveness, create impact metrics, and expedite go-to-market strategies. (springboard.com)
  • To discover why Scholastic is the resource of choice for thousands of teachers, sign up today and receive instant online access to science games and over 15,000 other award winning printables for all grades and subjects. (scholastic.com)
  • Signing up grants you access to all of our science games and over 15,000 additional award winning printables and leveled learning packs for all students in grades PreK through 8. (scholastic.com)
  • From science workshops to study support, our current students page has you covered. (monash.edu)
  • Military science is the study of military processes, institutions, and behavior, along with the study of warfare, and the theory and application of organized coercive force. (wikipedia.org)
  • Contemporary science is typically subdivided into the natural sciences which study the material world, the social sciences which study people and societies, and the formal sciences like mathematics. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a slow process over centuries, the word "science" became increasingly associated with what is today known as the scientific method, a structured way to study the natural world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Beginning in the 1940s, materials science began to be more widely recognized as a specific and distinct field of science and engineering, and major technical universities around the world created dedicated schools of the study, within either the Science or Engineering schools, hence the naming. (wikipedia.org)
  • Students wishing to devote one course to the study of computer science may choose Computer Science 4 or 5, depending on their background and interests. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Students wishing to devote two or more courses to the study of computer science should begin with Computer Science 5 and 18. (dartmouth.edu)
  • The major in computer science is intended for those students who plan careers in computer science or in fields that make use of computing, for those who plan graduate study in computer science, and also for those who simply find computer science interesting. (dartmouth.edu)
  • A student who wishes to major in Computer Science must obtain approval of her or his program of study from the Departmental Undergraduate Advisor. (dartmouth.edu)
  • For completion of the Honors Program in Computer Science, and to be eligible to graduate with Honors or High Honors, a student must complete either an study project or a written thesis (for High Honors the thesis is required), and have his or her program of study approved as an Honors Program by the Undergraduate Advisor. (dartmouth.edu)
  • is a regular feature from the Center for the Study of Science. (cato.org)
  • Most science teachers have an "insufficient grasp of the science" behind climate change that may hurt their teaching, finds a study in the February issue of the journal Science . (edweek.org)
  • It consists of kinematics , the description of motion, and dynamics , the study of the action of forces in producing either motion or static equilibrium (the latter constituting the science of statics ). (britannica.com)
  • The Specialization in Computing Science (Computing and X) is an open program for students who want to pursue a concentrated study of computing science, or combine the study of computing science with another discipline. (ualberta.ca)
  • The point of Computing and X is to enhance your study of computing science with another subject that interests you, or have computing science support your chosen subject - ideally it will work both ways. (ualberta.ca)
  • You mean I could study Computing Science and Music? (ualberta.ca)
  • The Department of Computer Science offers programs of study leading to the Master of Science in Computer Science and Doctor of Philosophy degrees. (uky.edu)
  • They study and solve complex problems in computing for business, medicine, science, and other fields. (uky.edu)
  • The Fluid Science Laboratory is a multi-user facility to study the dynamics of fluids in the absence of gravity. (esa.int)
  • Therefore it might be helpful to distinguish 'sciences' generally as relating to 'whole bodies of knowledge' that are separated in some way, as by discipline, subject(s), or most generally, by references meaning without regard to time . (mcgill.ca)
  • Data science, or data-driven science, combines different fields of work in statistics and computation in order to interpret data for the purpose of decision making. (springboard.com)
  • Data science is a field of evidence seeking that combines data with domain information to generate new knowledge. (pnas.org)
  • The Minor in Business program is for students interested in a career that combines Computing Science and Business. (ualberta.ca)
  • Data science is a rapidly spreading field that combines statistical analysis, data management, computation, and substantive expertise, with the goal of improving decision-making in business, government, administration, law, and just about every other field. (lse.ac.uk)
  • The Flight Program team builds and operates the satellite and airborne missions that deliver critical data to the world's science community. (nasa.gov)
  • The latest health and science news. (npr.org)
  • Subscribe to Science News today. (sciencenews.org)
  • This article is only available to Science News subscribers. (sciencenews.org)
  • Science News is a nonprofit. (sciencenews.org)
  • Subscribers, enter your e-mail address to access the Science News archives. (sciencenews.org)
  • https://www.economist.com/news/science-a. (yahoo.com)
  • provides embargoed and breaking science news you can't afford to miss. (eurekalert.org)
  • offers a one-stop science news distribution service you can trust. (eurekalert.org)
  • Hundreds of science games from Scholastic Printables cover many subjects and themes. (scholastic.com)
  • Undergraduates majoring in computer science will have opportunities to participate with faculty in activities outside formal coursework. (dartmouth.edu)
  • To fulfill the major in computer science, a student must complete the courses prerequisite to the major and satisfy the requirements of the major. (dartmouth.edu)
  • For additional requirements for the Honors Program see the section 'The Honors Program in Computer Science' below. (dartmouth.edu)
  • The basic first courses for students planning advanced work in computer science are Computer Science 5, Computer Science 18, Computer Science 19, and Mathematics 3. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Computer Science 5 should be taken before Computer Science 18. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Computer Science 19 should be taken after, or concurrently with, Computer Science 18. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Note that Computer Science 19 should be taken before Computer Science 25. (dartmouth.edu)
  • 37 may be taken any time after Computer Science 5, but most students will take Computer Science 18 first. (dartmouth.edu)
  • A student must complete Computer Science 5, 18, 19, and Mathematics 3, or the equivalent honors or advanced placement course. (dartmouth.edu)
  • 8. one other Computer Science course numbered between 27 and 89. (dartmouth.edu)
  • 9. Computer Science Culminating Experience Course (Computer Science 98, pending faculty approval, or 99) or Thesis (Computer Science 97). (dartmouth.edu)
  • The following minors are available to all students who are not majoring in Computer Science and who do not have a modified major with Computer Science. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Computer Science 5, 18, and 19. (dartmouth.edu)
  • plus one other Computer Science course numbered 27 or above. (dartmouth.edu)
  • and one of Mathematics 38 or 88 or Computer Science 85 with approval of the Undergraduate Advisor. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Principals and superintendents underestimate how much support there is among parents for teaching K-12 computer science in school, according to a Gallup survey, commissioned by tech-giant Google . (edweek.org)
  • Just 7 percent of principals and 6 percent of superintendents said the "demand is high" among parents for computer science education. (edweek.org)
  • Yet 67 percent of parents said they thought students should be required to learn computer science in school. (edweek.org)
  • The survey also shows that one-quarter of 7th to 12th graders reported having no access to a computer science class or club at school, and the lack of access is particularly acute for black and low-income students. (edweek.org)
  • An introduction to computer science in the context of scientific, engineering, and commercial applications. (princeton.edu)
  • It is strongly suggested that applicants present evidence of mathematical maturity as well as competence in computer science. (uky.edu)
  • Since very few specific courses are required for the graduate degree programs, all candidates in the M.S. program are expected to demonstrate proficiency in the fundamental areas of computer science by taking four core courses in specific areas. (uky.edu)
  • This examination consists of written and oral sections covering breadth in computer science as well as depth in a specific area. (uky.edu)
  • The admission decision is made by the Higher Degrees Committee based on the overall application file consisting of GRE scores, TOEFL scores (for international students), GPA, grades in CS and Math courses, background in computer science, letters of recommendation, and statement of purpose. (uky.edu)
  • Students admitted to the doctoral program in Computer Science who have been awarded a master's degree in Computer Science from another institution are not eligible to receive a master's degree in Computer Science from the University of Kentucky. (uky.edu)
  • Science Olympiad Princeton University - Duration: 3 minutes, 14 seconds. (youtube.com)
  • Teach courses pertaining to mathematical concepts, statistics, and actuarial science and to the application of original and standardized mathematical techniques in solving specific problems and situations. (bls.gov)
  • Science (from Latin scientia, meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe. (wikipedia.org)
  • From the Middle Ages to the Enlightenment , science or scientia meant any systematic or exact recorded knowledge. (mcgill.ca)
  • Science Saturday Lecture: The Journey from Marine Snails to Medicine - Duration: 23 minutes. (youtube.com)
  • Computing science is key to modern Medicine. (ualberta.ca)
  • A resource for kids, parents, and teachers to find fun and educational materials related to health, science, and the environment we live in today. (nih.gov)
  • Explorer - math and science resources for teachers. (angelfire.com)
  • In a nationally representative sample of 1,500 middle and high school science teachers, three-quarters reported devoting at least an hour of classroom discussion to global warming. (edweek.org)
  • This fundamental issue necessitates veridical data science, that is, principled inquiry to extract reliable and reproducible information from data, with an enriched technical language to communicate and evaluate empirical evidence in the context of human decisions and domain knowledge. (pnas.org)
  • The first draft of a conceptual framework for K-16 that articulates the learning objectives for the nature and process of science is currently being reviewed. (berkeley.edu)
  • A theory , in the context of science, is a logically self-consistent model or framework for describing the behavior of a certain natural phenomenon. (mcgill.ca)
  • Building and expanding on principles of statistics, machine learning, and scientific inquiry, we propose the predictability, computability, and stability (PCS) framework for veridical data science. (pnas.org)
  • Our framework, composed of both a workflow and documentation, aims to provide responsible, reliable, reproducible, and transparent results across the data science life cycle. (pnas.org)
  • Proceeds from the Parents & Science Discovery Fund support complimentary lectures for parents and educators, Rockefeller investigators who are exploring human development and childhood diseases, and the University's year-round, hands-on Science Outreach programs for K-12 students and educators. (youtube.com)
  • Support for Understanding Science comes from the National Science Foundation under grant no. (berkeley.edu)
  • Support credible science journalism. (sciencenews.org)
  • ArcelorMittal employees support Science Olympiad - Duration: 3 minutes, 39 seconds. (youtube.com)
  • The Water Science Forum fully support the Royal Society of Chemistry's policies regarding equality and diversity. (rsc.org)
  • The Arnold Foundation has also provided support for the re-examining of nutritional science, an effort lead by Gary Taubes (also a favorite of ours ), as well as investigations into the scientific review process behind the U.S. government's dietary guidelines, spearheaded by journalist Nina Teicholz. (cato.org)
  • As with other forms of experiments, data science requires you to make observations, ask questions, form hypotheses, create tests, analyze results, and come up with practical recommendations. (springboard.com)
  • The formal sciences are often distinguished from the empirical sciences as the former does not depend on empirical observations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Earth science observations are used in disaster prediction, response and recovery in the event of floods, earthquakes, volcanoes, landslides, wildfires and other natural catastrophes. (nasa.gov)
  • Narrative Science was founded in 2010 in Evanston, Illinois, after starting at Northwestern University as an academic project in the Intelligent Information Laboratory. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Fluid Science Laboratory is housed in the European Columbus laboratory. (esa.int)
  • An Experiment Container may also be equipped with dedicated experiment diagnostics to complement the standard diagnostics provided by the Fluid Science Laboratory itself. (esa.int)
  • The Fluid Science Laboratory was launched aboard the Space Shuttle accommodated within the Columbus laboratory on 7 February 2008. (esa.int)
  • What Is Data Science? (springboard.com)
  • Data science produces insights that are valuable to people working in every industry. (springboard.com)
  • So, back to that question: what is data science? (springboard.com)
  • Basically, data science is the process of extracting value from data - and it usually requires an understanding of scientific methods and processes. (springboard.com)
  • DJ Patil, former chief data scientist of the United States, first defined data science as "the ability to extract knowledge and insights from large and complex data sets. (springboard.com)
  • Hal Varian , chief economist at Google and UC Berkeley professor of information sciences, business, and economics, talked about data science in terms of being able "to understand [data], to process it, to extract value from it, to visualize it, to communicate it. (springboard.com)
  • There are many subfields of data science, like data mining, statistics, machine learning, analytics, and programming, which appeal to different types of audiences, but all work together to allow you and your organization to make more informed decisions through fact-based evidence. (springboard.com)
  • We can all hypothesize that a certain cohort of users is likely to renew their subscription to a video streaming service or that hamburgers will outperform hot dogs on the menu, but data science allows us to get far more granular and accurate in our analyses. (springboard.com)
  • In March 2014, Narrative Science launched Quill Engage, a free Google Analytics application that delivers "plain English," narrative style data analysis reports for website owners. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1) Instructors interested in learning about or considering offering a version of the Foundations of Data Science course (Data 8) or Data Science modules at their institutions. (google.com)
  • Are you interested in offering a variant of Foundations of Data Science as a course? (google.com)
  • Predictability, computability, and stability (PCS) are three core principles of data science. (pnas.org)
  • The data science life cycle (DSLC) begins with a domain question or problem and proceeds through collecting, managing, processing (cleaning), exploring, modeling, and interpreting † data results to guide new actions ( Fig. 1 ). (pnas.org)
  • Given the transdisciplinary nature of this process, data science requires human involvement from those who collectively understand both the domain and tools used to collect, process, and model data. (pnas.org)
  • This talk will cover the full lifecycle of large data application development and will show how to use lessons from agile software engineering to apply data science using this full-stack to build better analytics applications. (slideshare.net)
  • 2. Agile Data Science 2.0 Russell Jurney 2 Data Engineer Data Scientist Visualization Software Engineer 85% 85% 85% Writer 85% Teacher 50% Russell Jurney is a veteran data scientist and thought leader. (slideshare.net)
  • He coined the term Agile Data Science in the book of that name from O'Reilly in 2012, which outlines the first agile development methodology for data science. (slideshare.net)
  • 6. Agile Data Science 2.0 6 Yes. (slideshare.net)
  • Data Products or Data Science? (slideshare.net)
  • 7. Agile Data Science 2.0 7 Data Products or Data Science? (slideshare.net)
  • 8. Agile Data Science 2.0 8 If someone else has to start over and rebuild it, it ain't agile. (slideshare.net)
  • 10. Agile Data Science 2.0 Agile Data Science Manifesto 10 Seven Principles for Agile Data Science Discover and pursue the critical path to a killer product Iterate, iterate, iterate: tables, charts, reports, predictions1. (slideshare.net)
  • This course provides a comprehensive survey of the core vocabulary and methods of data science, data analytics, and machine learning. (lse.ac.uk)
  • One of the key challenges for decision-makers and managers is to understand what makes for good data science, and how the evidence from this field should be used in evaluation and decision-making. (lse.ac.uk)
  • The focus of this course is on examples of good and bad data science, with real-world applications from government, business, and law. (lse.ac.uk)
  • By the end of the course, students will be familiar with the concepts of data science and will have learned how to evaluate quantitative evidence and how to design new studies using big data and data scientific tools. (lse.ac.uk)
  • A comprehensive top-level understanding of the core concepts and methods of data science, including data management, data analysis, machine learning, and statistical learning. (lse.ac.uk)
  • The ability to evaluate evidence from statistical learning and data science, in order to make informed decisions. (lse.ac.uk)
  • Science as a human and community endeavor Emphasizes that science is done by all sorts of different people, describes the function of the scientific community and the culture of science (values, norms, etc. (berkeley.edu)
  • Molecular science has made giant strides in recent years. (cambridge.org)