Educational institutions.
A nursing specialty concerned with health and nursing care given to primary and secondary school students by a registered nurse.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of medicine.
Preventive health services provided for students. It excludes college or university students.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.
Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.
Requirements for the selection of students for admission to academic institutions.
Schools for children usually under five years of age.
Functions, equipment, and facilities concerned with the preparation and distribution of ready-to-eat food.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of pharmacy.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of nursing.
A course of study offered by an educational institution.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Mechanical food dispensing machines.
Use for articles concerning dental education in general.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of public health.
Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.
Individuals who leave school, secondary or college, prior to completion of specified curriculum requirements.
Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.
The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The educational process of instructing.
The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
Preventive dental services provided for students in primary and secondary schools.
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 2-12 years.
A course or method of action selected, usually by an organization, institution, university, society, etc., from among alternatives to guide and determine present and future decisions and positions on matters of public interest or social concern. It does not include internal policy relating to organization and administration within the corporate body, for which ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION is available.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
Selection of a type of occupation or profession.
Chronic absence from work or other duty.
Nutritional physiology of children aged 13-18 years.
The means of moving persons, animals, goods, or materials from one place to another.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to medical school.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Persons functioning as natural, adoptive, or substitute parents. The heading includes the concept of parenthood as well as preparation for becoming a parent.
The meal taken at midday.
Instructional programs in the care and development of the body, often in schools. The concept does not include prescribed exercises, which is EXERCISE THERAPY.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Education of the individual who markedly deviates intellectually, physically, socially, or emotionally from those considered to be normal, thus requiring special instruction.
Guidelines and objectives pertaining to food supply and nutrition including recommendations for healthy diet.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The area of a nation's economy that is tax-supported and under government control.
Aggressive behavior intended to cause harm or distress. The behavior may be physical or verbal. There is typically an imbalance of power, strength, or status between the target and the aggressor.
The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.
Field of psychology concerned with the normal and abnormal behavior of adolescents. It includes mental processes as well as observable responses.
Financial support for training including both student stipends and loans and training grants to institutions.
The process of formulating, improving, and expanding educational, managerial, or service-oriented work plans (excluding computer program development).
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of veterinary medicine.
Menu planning in the medical field refers to the process of designing a nutritionally balanced and safe meal plan for patients based on their individual needs and medical conditions.
Educational institutions providing facilities for teaching and research and authorized to grant academic degrees.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a medical school.
Education which increases the knowledge of the functional, structural, and behavioral aspects of human reproduction.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Activities or games, usually involving physical effort or skill. Reasons for engagement in sports include pleasure, competition, and/or financial reward.
Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of library science or information.
Schools which offer training in the area of health.
Coexistence of numerous distinct ethnic, racial, religious, or cultural groups within one social unit, organization, or population. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 2d college ed., 1982, p955)
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
The process of choosing employees for specific types of employment. The concept includes recruitment.
Primarily non-verbal tests designed to predict an individual's future learning ability or performance.
Spontaneous or voluntary recreational activities pursued for enjoyment and accessories or equipment used in the activities; includes games, toys, etc.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Acquisition of knowledge as a result of instruction in a formal course of study.
Organized efforts by communities or organizations to improve the health and well-being of the child.
The reciprocal interaction of two or more persons.
Test designed to identify students suitable for admission into a graduate or undergraduate curriculum.
Education for specific trades or occupations.
The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Preparatory education meeting the requirements for admission to dental school.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.
The interactions between parent and child.
The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)
The use of a bicycle for transportation or recreation. It does not include the use of a bicycle in studying the body's response to physical exertion (BICYCLE ERGOMETRY TEST see EXERCISE TEST).
Brazil is a country in South America known for its high rates of infectious diseases such as dengue fever, Zika virus, and chikungunya, as well as its successful vaccination programs.
A subgroup having special characteristics within a larger group, often bound together by special ties which distinguish it from the larger group.
Most frequently refers to the integration of a physically or mentally disabled child into the regular class of normal peers and provision of the appropriately determined educational program.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The structuring of the environment to permit or promote specific patterns of behavior.
The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease.
A dental specialty concerned with the restoration and maintenance of oral function by the replacement of missing TEETH and related structures by artificial devices or DENTAL PROSTHESES.
California is a state in the United States known for its warm climate, diverse population, and leading role in the development of medical technology and research.
Conditions characterized by a significant discrepancy between an individual's perceived level of intellect and their ability to acquire new language and other cognitive skills. These disorders may result from organic or psychological conditions. Relatively common subtypes include DYSLEXIA, DYSCALCULIA, and DYSGRAPHIA.
Undergraduate education programs for second- , third- , and fourth-year students in health sciences in which the students receive clinical training and experience in teaching hospitals or affiliated health centers.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Instructional use of examples or cases to teach using problem-solving skills and critical thinking.
Performance, usually in school work, poorer than that predicted from aptitude and/or intelligence testing.
An indication of the contribution of a food to the nutrient content of the diet. This value depends on the quantity of a food which is digested and absorbed and the amounts of the essential nutrients (protein, fat, carbohydrate, minerals, vitamins) which it contains. This value can be affected by soil and growing conditions, handling and storage, and processing.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Use of marketing principles also used to sell products to consumers to promote ideas, attitudes and behaviors. Design and use of programs seeking to increase the acceptance of a social idea or practice by target groups, not for the benefit of the marketer, but to benefit the target audience and the general society.
Facilities provided for human excretion, often with accompanying handwashing facilities.
Freedom from exposure to danger and protection from the occurrence or risk of injury or loss. It suggests optimal precautions in the workplace, on the street, in the home, etc., and includes personal safety as well as the safety of property.
Time period from 1901 through 2000 of the common era.
Created 7 April 1992 as a result of the division of Yugoslavia.
Individual or group aggressive behavior which is socially non-acceptable, turbulent, and often destructive. It is precipitated by frustrations, hostility, prejudices, etc.
India is a country with a diverse population and a significant burden of various diseases, including infectious diseases, non-communicable diseases, and mental health issues.
Disorders related to substance abuse.
Foods eaten between MEALTIMES.
Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
Sudden increase in the incidence of a disease. The concept includes EPIDEMICS and PANDEMICS.
Formal instruction, learning, or training in the preparation, dispensing, and proper utilization of drugs in the field of medicine.
Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.
Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
A group of people with a common cultural heritage that sets them apart from others in a variety of social relationships.
The interactions between members of a community and representatives of the institutions within that community.
Practical experience in medical and health-related services that occurs as part of an educational program wherein the professionally-trained student works outside the academic environment under the supervision of an established professional in the particular field.
Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is above certain standard of acceptable or desirable weight. In the scale of BODY MASS INDEX, overweight is defined as having a BMI of 25.0-29.9 kg/m2. Overweight may or may not be due to increases in body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE), hence overweight does not equal "over fat".
The study of natural phenomena by observation, measurement, and experimentation.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
A social group consisting of parents or parent substitutes and children.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
The selection of one food over another.
Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.
Parasitic attack or subsistence on the skin by members of the order Phthiraptera, especially on humans by Pediculus humanus of the family Pediculidae. The hair of the head, eyelashes, and pubis is a frequent site of infestation. (From Dorland, 28th ed; Stedman, 26th ed)
Usually organized community efforts to raise money to promote financial programs of institutions. The funds may include individual gifts.
Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.
Acquired or learned food preferences.
Any behavior caused by or affecting another individual, usually of the same species.
Drinkable liquids combined with or impregnated with carbon dioxide.
England is a country in the United Kingdom known for its National Health Service (NHS), which provides free healthcare to its residents.
Behavior which may be manifested by destructive and attacking action which is verbal or physical, by covert attitudes of hostility or by obstructionism.
Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.
An injury to the skin causing erythema, tenderness, and sometimes blistering and resulting from excessive exposure to the sun. The reaction is produced by the ultraviolet radiation in sunlight.
Senior professionals who provide guidance, direction and support to those persons desirous of improvement in academic positions, administrative positions or other career development situations.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological maturing of an individual from birth up to but not including ADOLESCENCE.
Japan is a country with a high life expectancy and a healthcare system that emphasizes preventive care and technological innovation.
The process by which the employer promotes staff performance and efficiency consistent with management goals and objectives.
Great Britain is a large island located off the northwest coast of mainland Europe, known for its rich history, diverse culture, and contributions to various fields including medicine.
The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)
Scalp dermatoses are skin conditions that affect the scalp, ranging from minor irritations to more severe disorders.
Geographic area in which a professional person practices; includes primarily physicians and dentists.
Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.
The capability to perform the duties of one's profession generally, or to perform a particular professional task, with skill of an acceptable quality.
That distinct portion of the institutional, industrial, or economic structure of a country that is controlled or owned by non-governmental, private interests.
Systematic identification, development, organization, or utilization of educational resources and the management of these processes. It is occasionally used also in a more limited sense to describe the use of equipment-oriented techniques or audiovisual aids in educational settings. (Thesaurus of ERIC Descriptors, December 1993, p132)
Time period from 1801 through 1900 of the common era.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological changes during ADOLESCENCE, approximately between the age of 13 and 18.
A person's view of himself.
Disturbances considered to be pathological based on age and stage appropriateness, e.g., conduct disturbances and anaclitic depression. This concept does not include psychoneuroses, psychoses, or personality disorders with fixed patterns.
Procedures and programs that facilitate the development or skill acquisition in infants and young children who have disabilities, who are at risk for developing disabilities, or who are gifted. It includes programs that are designed to prevent handicapping conditions in infants and young children and family-centered programs designed to affect the functioning of infants and children with special needs. (From Journal of Early Intervention, Editorial, 1989, vol. 13, no. 1, p. 3; A Discursive Dictionary of Health Care, prepared for the U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Interstate and Foreign Commerce, 1976)
Individuals responsible for the development of policy and supervision of the execution of plans and functional operations.
Libraries, Medical are collections of resources, including books, journals, and electronic databases, that provide information and support for medical research, education, and patient care.
A self-learning technique, usually online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
Instructional materials used in teaching.
The production and movement of food items from point of origin to use or consumption.
Architecture, exterior and interior design, and construction of facilities other than hospitals, e.g., dental schools, medical schools, ambulatory care clinics, and specified units of health care facilities. The concept also includes architecture, design, and construction of specialized contained, controlled, or closed research environments including those of space labs and stations.
Prepared food that is ready to eat or partially prepared food that has a final preparation time of a few minutes or less.
Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
Attitudes of personnel toward their patients, other professionals, toward the medical care system, etc.
Infestation with parasitic worms of the helminth class.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)
State of the body in relation to the consumption and utilization of nutrients.
Individuals enrolled in a school of pharmacy or a formal educational program leading to a degree in pharmacy.
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).
Infections of the INTESTINES with PARASITES, commonly involving PARASITIC WORMS. Infections with roundworms (NEMATODE INFECTIONS) and tapeworms (CESTODE INFECTIONS) are also known as HELMINTHIASIS.
The status of health in rural populations.
The external elements and conditions which surround, influence, and affect the life and development of an organism or population.
A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Studies beyond the bachelor's degree at an institution having graduate programs for the purpose of preparing for entrance into a specific field, and obtaining a higher degree.
Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.
Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).
The teaching or training of those individuals with hearing disability or impairment.
Minnesota is a medical condition characterized by an abnormal accumulation of iron in the body, leading to organ damage and potentially causing symptoms such as fatigue, joint pain, and heart problems.
Children with mental or physical disabilities that interfere with usual activities of daily living and that may require accommodation or intervention.
Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.
Pennsylvania is a state in the United States known for its medical research institutions and healthcare industry.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
The status of health in urban populations.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).

Role of schools in the transmission of measles in rural Senegal: implications for measles control in developing countries. (1/3103)

Patterns of measles transmission at school and at home were studied in 1995 in a rural area of Senegal with a high level of vaccination coverage. Among 209 case children with a median age of 8 years, there were no deaths, although the case fatality ratio has previously been 6-7% in this area. Forty percent of the case children had been vaccinated against measles; the proportion of vaccinated children was higher among secondary cases (47%) than among index cases (33%) (prevalence ratio = 1.36, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04-1.76). Vaccinated index cases may have been less infectious than unvaccinated index cases, since they produced fewer clinical cases among exposed children (relative risk = 0.55, 95% CI 0.29-1.04). The secondary attack rate was lower in the schools than in the homes (relative risk = 0.31, 95% CI 0.20-0.49). The school outbreaks were protracted, with 4-5 generations of cases being seen in the two larger schools. Vaccine efficacy was found to be 57% (95% CI -23 to 85) in the schools and 74% (95% CI 62-82) in the residential compounds. Measles infection resulted in a mean of 3.8 days of absenteeism per case, though this did not appear to have an impact on the children's grades. Among the index cases, 56% of children were probably infected by neighbors in the community, and 7% were probably infected at health centers, 13% outside the community, and 24% in one of the three schools which had outbreaks during the epidemic. However, most of the school-related cases occurred at the beginning and therefore contributed to the general propagation of the epidemic. To prevent school outbreaks, it may be necessary to require vaccination prior to school entry and to revaccinate children in individual schools upon detection of cases of measles. Multidose measles vaccination schedules will be necessary to control measles in developing countries.  (+info)


nvited commentary: vaccine failure or failure to vaccinate?  (+info)


aning of vaccine-induced immunity: is it a problem in Africa?  (+info)

Outbreaks of gastrointestinal illness of unknown etiology associated with eating burritos--United States, October 1997-October 1998. (4/3103)

From October 1997 through October 1998, 16 outbreaks of gastrointestinal illness associated with eating burritos occurred in Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, North Dakota, and Pennsylvania. All but one outbreak occurred in schools, and most of the approximately 1700 persons affected were children. This report summarizes investigations of two of these outbreaks and describes the collaborative efforts of CDC, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to identify the etiologic agent(s); these outbreaks may have been caused by an undetected toxin or a new agent not previously associated with illness.  (+info)

School and community influences on adolescent alcohol and drug use. (5/3103)

Social environment risk factors present in schools and communities have not been thoroughly investigated. This study cross-sectionally examined the social environments of schools and communities, and their influence on adolescent alcohol and drug use. Survey responses of eighth grade students (N = 2309), a random half of their parents (n = 943), community leaders (n = 118), school principals (n = 30), school counselors (n = 30) and chemical health providers (n = 14) were pooled to create indices of social environmental norms, role models, social support and opportunities for non-use of alcohol. Each index was examined for its association with prevalences from 30 schools of alcohol use onset, last-month alcohol use, heavy alcohol use and last-year marijuana use in univariate and stepwise regression analyses. Increases in the levels of norms, role models and opportunities for non-use predicted decreases in alcohol use prevalences. The explanatory power of the examined constructs in multivariate analyses was acceptably high (R2: 38-53%). These findings further support the notion that community-wide efforts need to be launched to affect changes in the normative, role model and opportunity structures of adolescents' social environments in order to curb adolescent alcohol and drug use.  (+info)

The epidemic of obesity in American Indian communities and the need for childhood obesity-prevention programs. (6/3103)

American Indians of all ages and both sexes have a high prevalence of obesity. The high prevalence of diabetes mellitus in American Indians shows the adverse effects that obesity has in these communities. Obesity has become a major health problem in American Indians only in the past 1-2 generations and is believed to be associated with the relative abundance of high-fat foods and the rapid change from active to sedentary lifestyles. Intervention studies are urgently needed in American Indian communities to develop and test effective strategies for weight reduction. The poor success rate of adult obesity treatment programs in the general population points to the need to develop prevention approaches aimed toward children. Because eating and physical activity practices are formed early in life and may be carried into adulthood, prevention programs that encourage increased physical activity and healthful eating habits targeted toward young people need to be developed and tested. To be most effective, interventions must be developed with full participation of the American Indian communities.  (+info)

Design and statistical analysis for the Pathways study. (7/3103)

We report the design, rationale, and statistical procedures used in Pathways, a randomized, school-based intervention for the primary prevention of obesity in American Indian children. The intervention, which is now being implemented in 7 American Indian communities around the country, includes a health-promotion curriculum, a physical education program, a school meal program, and a family involvement component. Forty-one schools serving American Indian children were randomly assigned to be either intervention or control groups. The intervention will begin in the third grade and continue through the end of the fifth grade. Efficacy of intervention will be assessed by differences in mean percentage body fat, calculated by a prediction equation, between intervention and control schools at the end of the fifth grade. Power computations indicate that the study has power to detect a mean difference of 2.8% in body fat. Data analysis will use intention-to-treat concepts and the mixed linear model. The study will be completed in 2000.  (+info)

Body composition assessment in American Indian children. (8/3103)

Although the high prevalence of obesity in American Indian children was documented in several surveys that used body mass index (BMI, in kg/m2) as the measure, there is limited information on more direct measurements of body adiposity in this population. The present study evaluated body composition in 81 boys (aged 11.2+/-0.6 y) and 75 girls (aged 11.0+/-0.4 y) attending public schools in 6 American Indian communities: White Mountain Apache, Pima, and Tohono O'Odham in Arizona; Oglala Lakota and Sicangu Lakota in South Dakota; and Navajo in New Mexico and Arizona. These communities were participating in the feasibility phase of Pathways, a multicenter intervention for the primary prevention of obesity. Body composition was estimated by using a combination of skinfold thickness and bioelectrical impedance measurements, with a prediction equation validated previously in this same population. The mean BMI was 20.4+/-4.2 for boys and 21.1+/-5.0 for girls. The sum of the triceps plus subscapular skinfold thicknesses averaged 28.6+/-7.0 mm in boys and 34.0+/-8.0 mm in girls. Mean percentage body fat was 35.6+/-6.9 in boys and 38.8+/-8.5 in girls. The results from this study confirmed the high prevalence of excess body fatness in school-age American Indian children and permitted the development of procedures, training, and quality control for measurement of the main outcome variable in the full-scale Pathways study.  (+info)

In the medical field, a curriculum refers to a comprehensive plan or program of study that outlines the knowledge, skills, and experiences that medical students are expected to acquire during their education. The curriculum typically includes a combination of classroom instruction, laboratory work, clinical rotations, and other learning activities designed to prepare students for their future careers as healthcare professionals. The curriculum for medical students typically covers a wide range of topics, including anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pharmacology, pathology, microbiology, medical ethics, and clinical skills. Medical schools may also offer electives or specialized tracks that allow students to focus on specific areas of interest, such as pediatrics, surgery, or public health. The curriculum is typically developed and maintained by a team of educators, administrators, and healthcare professionals, and is subject to ongoing review and revision to ensure that it remains current and relevant to the evolving needs of the medical field.

In the medical field, adolescent behavior refers to the patterns of behavior and attitudes exhibited by individuals during the adolescent stage of development, typically between the ages of 10 and 19 years. This stage is characterized by significant physical, cognitive, and emotional changes, and as a result, adolescents may exhibit a range of behaviors that are different from those of children or adults. Adolescent behavior can include a variety of behaviors, such as risk-taking, experimenting with substances, seeking independence, and forming romantic relationships. These behaviors can be influenced by a variety of factors, including peer pressure, family dynamics, cultural norms, and individual personality traits. In the medical field, understanding adolescent behavior is important for healthcare providers who work with adolescents, as it can help them to identify potential health risks and provide appropriate interventions. For example, healthcare providers may need to educate adolescents about the risks associated with substance use or encourage them to make healthy lifestyle choices. Additionally, healthcare providers may need to provide support and guidance to adolescents who are struggling with emotional or behavioral issues, such as depression or anxiety.

In the medical field, achievement typically refers to the successful completion of a medical task or goal, such as diagnosing and treating a disease, performing a surgical procedure, or developing a new medical treatment or technology. Achievements in medicine can also include advancements in medical research, improvements in patient outcomes, and recognition for outstanding contributions to the field. Medical professionals strive to achieve excellence in their work in order to provide the best possible care for their patients and advance the field of medicine as a whole.

Cross-sectional studies are a type of observational research design used in the medical field to examine the prevalence or distribution of a particular health outcome or risk factor in a population at a specific point in time. In a cross-sectional study, data is collected from a sample of individuals who are all measured at the same time, rather than following them over time. Cross-sectional studies are useful for identifying associations between health outcomes and risk factors, but they cannot establish causality. For example, a cross-sectional study may find that people who smoke are more likely to have lung cancer than non-smokers, but it cannot determine whether smoking causes lung cancer or if people with lung cancer are more likely to smoke. Cross-sectional studies are often used in public health research to estimate the prevalence of diseases or conditions in a population, to identify risk factors for certain health outcomes, and to compare the health status of different groups of people. They can also be used to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions or to identify potential risk factors for disease outbreaks.

Child nutritional physiological phenomena refer to the various physiological processes that occur in children related to nutrition. These processes include digestion, absorption, metabolism, and growth and development. Understanding these phenomena is important for ensuring that children receive adequate nutrition to support their health and development. Nutritional deficiencies or imbalances can have serious consequences for children's health, including stunted growth, cognitive impairment, and increased risk of disease. Therefore, it is important for healthcare professionals to monitor and assess children's nutritional status and provide appropriate interventions to ensure optimal nutrition.

In the medical field, a career choice refers to the decision made by an individual to pursue a specific career path within the medical profession. This decision is typically based on a variety of factors, including personal interests, skills, and values, as well as the potential for job satisfaction, financial stability, and professional growth. Some common career choices in the medical field include becoming a doctor, nurse, physician assistant, pharmacist, or medical researcher. Each of these careers requires a different level of education and training, as well as different job responsibilities and work environments. Choosing a career in the medical field can be a complex and challenging process, as it involves making important decisions about education, training, and career advancement. It is important for individuals considering a career in medicine to carefully research their options and consider their personal goals and interests before making a decision.

In the medical field, absenteeism refers to the absence or unavailability of a healthcare professional, such as a doctor, nurse, or other medical staff member, from their workplace due to illness, injury, or other reasons. This can lead to a shortage of staff and potentially impact the quality of care provided to patients. Absenteeism can also have financial implications for healthcare organizations, as they may need to hire temporary staff or pay overtime to cover for the absent employee.

Adolescent Nutritional Physiological Phenomena refers to the changes that occur in the body of adolescents as they grow and develop, particularly in relation to nutrition. These changes are influenced by hormonal changes, physical activity, and other factors, and can affect nutrient requirements, metabolism, and body composition. Some examples of adolescent nutritional physiological phenomena include changes in appetite, growth spurts, and the development of body fat. Understanding these phenomena is important for ensuring that adolescents receive adequate nutrition to support their growth and development.

Child behavior refers to the actions, thoughts, and emotions of children and adolescents, typically ranging in age from birth to 18 years old. In the medical field, child behavior is studied and evaluated by healthcare professionals, such as pediatricians, child psychologists, and psychiatrists, to identify any potential behavioral issues or disorders that may affect a child's development and well-being. Child behavior can encompass a wide range of behaviors, including social interactions, academic performance, emotional regulation, and physical activity. It can also be influenced by various factors, such as genetics, environment, and life experiences. In the medical field, child behavior is often assessed through standardized tests, interviews with parents or caregivers, and observations of the child's behavior in different settings. This information can help healthcare professionals identify any potential behavioral problems or disorders, such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorder (ASD), or conduct disorder, and develop appropriate treatment plans to address these issues.

In the medical field, data collection refers to the process of gathering and organizing information about patients, their health conditions, and their medical treatments. This information is typically collected through various methods, such as medical history interviews, physical exams, diagnostic tests, and medical records. The purpose of data collection in medicine is to provide a comprehensive understanding of a patient's health status and to inform medical decision-making. This information can be used to diagnose and treat medical conditions, monitor the effectiveness of treatments, and identify potential health risks. Data collection in medicine is typically carried out by healthcare professionals, such as doctors, nurses, and medical researchers. The data collected may include demographic information, medical history, physical examination findings, laboratory test results, and imaging studies. This information is often stored in electronic health records (EHRs) for easy access and analysis. Overall, data collection is a critical component of medical practice, as it enables healthcare professionals to provide personalized and effective care to their patients.

In the medical field, bullying is defined as repeated and intentional behavior that is meant to harm, intimidate, or humiliate another person. This behavior can take many forms, including physical, verbal, and emotional abuse. Bullying can occur in a variety of settings, including schools, workplaces, and healthcare facilities. Bullying in the medical field can take many forms, including: 1. Verbal abuse: This includes name-calling, insults, and derogatory comments. 2. Physical abuse: This includes hitting, pushing, or other forms of physical violence. 3. Emotional abuse: This includes intimidation, manipulation, and threats. 4. Social exclusion: This includes isolating a person from others or excluding them from social activities. Bullying can have serious negative effects on a person's physical and mental health. It can lead to anxiety, depression, and other mental health problems, as well as physical injuries. In the medical field, bullying can also lead to decreased job satisfaction, decreased productivity, and increased turnover rates.

Child Nutrition Sciences is a field of study that focuses on the nutritional needs of children from birth to adolescence. It encompasses the scientific understanding of how nutrients are absorbed, utilized, and excreted by the body, as well as the impact of nutrition on growth, development, and overall health. Child Nutrition Sciences involves the study of the dietary requirements of children, including the recommended daily allowances for various nutrients, as well as the factors that influence nutrient intake and absorption. It also examines the impact of nutrition on the prevention and treatment of childhood diseases, such as malnutrition, obesity, and food allergies. In the medical field, Child Nutrition Sciences is an important area of research and practice, as it helps healthcare professionals to develop effective strategies for promoting healthy eating habits and preventing nutritional deficiencies in children. This knowledge is also used to develop and evaluate nutrition policies and programs aimed at improving the health and well-being of children worldwide.

Adolescent psychology is a branch of psychology that focuses on the psychological development of individuals between the ages of 10 and 19. During this stage of life, adolescents undergo significant physical, emotional, and cognitive changes, and they are also faced with a variety of social and environmental challenges. Adolescent psychology seeks to understand the unique psychological characteristics of this age group, including their emotional and behavioral patterns, their cognitive development, and their social relationships. It also aims to identify the factors that influence adolescent development, such as family dynamics, peer relationships, and cultural and societal influences. By studying adolescent psychology, healthcare professionals can better understand the needs and challenges of this population and develop effective interventions to promote healthy development and prevent mental health problems.

Cultural diversity in the medical field refers to the recognition and appreciation of the differences in culture, ethnicity, language, religion, and other social factors that may affect a patient's health and healthcare experiences. It recognizes that cultural beliefs, values, and practices can influence a patient's health behaviors, attitudes towards healthcare, and interactions with healthcare providers. Cultural diversity in healthcare is important because it helps healthcare providers to provide more effective and culturally competent care. It involves understanding and respecting the cultural beliefs and practices of patients, and adapting healthcare services to meet their unique needs and preferences. This can include providing interpreter services, using culturally appropriate language and communication styles, and involving patients and their families in decision-making about their care. Cultural diversity in healthcare also helps to reduce health disparities and improve health outcomes for patients from diverse backgrounds. By recognizing and addressing the impact of cultural factors on health, healthcare providers can help to ensure that all patients receive high-quality, culturally competent care that meets their individual needs and preferences.

Aptitude tests are assessments designed to measure an individual's natural abilities or potential to perform certain tasks or duties. In the medical field, aptitude tests are often used to evaluate a candidate's cognitive abilities, problem-solving skills, and other traits that are important for success in a medical career. These tests may include a variety of different types of assessments, such as: 1. Verbal reasoning tests: These tests measure a candidate's ability to understand and interpret written information, including medical texts and reports. 2. Numerical reasoning tests: These tests measure a candidate's ability to work with numbers and perform calculations, which is important for tasks such as interpreting medical data and making diagnoses. 3. Spatial reasoning tests: These tests measure a candidate's ability to visualize and manipulate objects in three dimensions, which is important for tasks such as surgical procedures. 4. Personality tests: These tests measure a candidate's personality traits and characteristics, such as their level of empathy, communication skills, and ability to work well under pressure. 5. Medical knowledge tests: These tests measure a candidate's understanding of medical concepts and terminology, as well as their ability to apply this knowledge to real-world situations. Overall, aptitude tests are an important tool for evaluating candidates for medical careers and ensuring that they have the skills and abilities needed to succeed in this challenging and demanding field.

Child welfare in the medical field refers to the protection and promotion of the physical, emotional, and social well-being of children. It involves identifying and addressing any risks or threats to a child's health and safety, and providing support and services to families to help them meet their children's needs. Child welfare professionals, such as social workers, pediatricians, and nurses, work together to assess and address child welfare concerns. They may investigate reports of child abuse or neglect, provide counseling and therapy to families, and work with other agencies to ensure that children receive the necessary medical, educational, and emotional support. Child welfare also involves advocating for policies and programs that promote the health and well-being of children, such as access to healthcare, education, and safe housing. It is an important aspect of public health and is essential for ensuring that all children have the opportunity to grow and thrive.

In the medical field, the term "College Admission Test" typically refers to the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT). The MCAT is a standardized test that is required for admission to most medical schools in the United States and Canada. It assesses a student's knowledge of science, critical thinking, and problem-solving skills, as well as their ability to apply that knowledge to real-world situations. The MCAT consists of four sections: Biological and Biochemical Foundations of Living Systems, Chemical and Physical Foundations of Biological Systems, Psychological, Social, and Biological Foundations of Behavior, and Critical Analysis and Reasoning Skills. The test is typically taken by students in their third year of undergraduate studies, although some students may take it earlier or later.

Clinical competence in the medical field refers to the ability of a healthcare professional to provide safe, effective, and ethical patient care. It encompasses a range of skills, knowledge, and attitudes that are necessary for the delivery of high-quality healthcare services. Clinical competence includes both technical skills, such as the ability to perform medical procedures and interpret diagnostic tests, as well as non-technical skills, such as communication, teamwork, and decision-making. It also involves an understanding of the latest medical research and best practices, as well as an ability to apply this knowledge to individual patients in a compassionate and ethical manner. Clinical competence is typically evaluated through a combination of formal assessments, such as board exams and performance evaluations, as well as informal assessments, such as patient feedback and peer review. Healthcare professionals are expected to continuously improve their clinical competence through ongoing education and training, as well as self-reflection and self-assessment.

In the medical field, "Canada" typically refers to the country located in North America, bordered by the United States to the south and the Arctic Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, and Pacific Ocean to the north, east, and west, respectively. Canada is the second-largest country in the world by land area and has a diverse population of over 38 million people. In the context of healthcare, Canada has a publicly funded healthcare system known as Medicare, which provides universal coverage for medically necessary hospital and physician services to all Canadian citizens and permanent residents. However, there are also private healthcare options available in Canada, and some Canadians may choose to seek medical treatment outside of the country. Canada is also home to a number of world-renowned medical research institutions and universities, including the University of Toronto, McGill University, and the University of British Columbia, which conduct cutting-edge research in fields such as genetics, immunology, and neuroscience.

Obesity is a medical condition characterized by an excessive accumulation of body fat, which increases the risk of various health problems. The World Health Organization (WHO) defines obesity as a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher, where BMI is calculated as a person's weight in kilograms divided by their height in meters squared. Obesity is a complex condition that results from a combination of genetic, environmental, and behavioral factors. It can lead to a range of health problems, including type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, certain types of cancer, and respiratory problems. In the medical field, obesity is often treated through a combination of lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise, and medical interventions, such as medications or bariatric surgery. The goal of treatment is to help individuals achieve and maintain a healthy weight, reduce their risk of health problems, and improve their overall quality of life.

Community dentistry is a branch of dentistry that focuses on the prevention and treatment of oral diseases and conditions in populations, rather than individuals. It involves working with communities to promote oral health and provide dental care to people who may not have access to traditional dental services. Community dentists work with a variety of stakeholders, including public health officials, government agencies, non-profit organizations, and community members, to develop and implement programs and initiatives that promote oral health and address the oral health needs of specific populations. This may include providing dental screenings, education and outreach programs, and dental care services in schools, community centers, and other public settings. Community dentistry also involves conducting research to better understand the oral health needs of different populations and to develop effective strategies for preventing and treating oral diseases and conditions. By working together with communities, community dentists can help to improve oral health outcomes and reduce the burden of oral disease in populations.

In the medical field, "bicycling" typically refers to the physical activity of riding a bicycle. Bicycling is a form of aerobic exercise that can provide numerous health benefits, including improved cardiovascular health, increased muscle strength and endurance, weight loss, and reduced risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes, obesity, and some types of cancer. Bicycling can be performed at various intensities and durations, depending on an individual's fitness level and goals. It can be done outdoors on roads or trails, or indoors on stationary bikes. Bicycling can also be modified to accommodate different abilities and physical limitations, such as using a recumbent bike or hand-cranked bike. In some cases, medical professionals may recommend bicycling as part of a treatment plan for certain conditions, such as rehabilitation after an injury or surgery, or as part of a weight loss program. However, it is important to consult with a healthcare provider before starting any new exercise program, especially if you have any underlying health conditions or concerns.

In the medical field, "Brazil" typically refers to the country located in South America. Brazil is the largest country in both South America and Latin America, and it is known for its diverse population, rich culture, and natural resources. In terms of healthcare, Brazil has a publicly funded healthcare system called the Unified Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde, or SUS). The SUS provides free or low-cost healthcare services to all Brazilian citizens and residents, including primary care, hospitalization, and specialized medical care. Brazil has also made significant strides in public health, particularly in the areas of infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and dengue fever. The country has implemented widespread vaccination programs and has made efforts to improve access to healthcare services in underserved areas. However, Brazil still faces significant challenges in the healthcare sector, including a shortage of healthcare professionals, inadequate infrastructure, and disparities in access to healthcare services between different regions and socioeconomic groups.

In the medical field, "age factors" refer to the effects of aging on the body and its various systems. As people age, their bodies undergo a variety of changes that can impact their health and well-being. These changes can include: 1. Decreased immune function: As people age, their immune system becomes less effective at fighting off infections and diseases. 2. Changes in metabolism: Aging can cause changes in the way the body processes food and uses energy, which can lead to weight gain, insulin resistance, and other metabolic disorders. 3. Cardiovascular changes: Aging can lead to changes in the heart and blood vessels, including increased risk of heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure. 4. Cognitive changes: Aging can affect memory, attention, and other cognitive functions, which can lead to conditions such as dementia and Alzheimer's disease. 5. Joint and bone changes: Aging can cause changes in the joints and bones, including decreased bone density and increased risk of osteoporosis and arthritis. 6. Skin changes: Aging can cause changes in the skin, including wrinkles, age spots, and decreased elasticity. 7. Hormonal changes: Aging can cause changes in hormone levels, including decreased estrogen in women and decreased testosterone in men, which can lead to a variety of health issues. Overall, age factors play a significant role in the development of many health conditions and can impact a person's quality of life. It is important for individuals to be aware of these changes and to take steps to maintain their health and well-being as they age.

In the medical field, "California" typically refers to the state of California in the United States, which is known for its diverse population, large number of healthcare facilities, and cutting-edge medical research and technology. California is home to some of the top medical schools and research institutions in the country, and is a major center for medical innovation and development. Medical professionals and researchers in California are often at the forefront of new medical discoveries and treatments, and the state is known for its high standards of medical care and attention to patient needs.

Learning disorders are a group of conditions that affect a person's ability to acquire, process, store, and retrieve information. These disorders can affect various aspects of learning, such as reading, writing, spelling, math, and language. Learning disorders are not caused by a lack of intelligence or motivation, but rather by neurological or developmental differences that affect the way the brain processes information. They can be diagnosed in children and adults and can range from mild to severe. Some common types of learning disorders include: 1. Dyslexia: A disorder that affects a person's ability to read and spell. 2. Dysgraphia: A disorder that affects a person's ability to write legibly. 3. Dyscalculia: A disorder that affects a person's ability to understand and perform mathematical calculations. 4. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A disorder that affects a person's ability to focus and pay attention. 5. Auditory Processing Disorder (APD): A disorder that affects a person's ability to process and understand auditory information. Learning disorders can be diagnosed through a combination of standardized tests, evaluations by educational and medical professionals, and observation of a person's behavior and academic performance. Treatment for learning disorders typically involves a multi-disciplinary approach that may include special education, therapy, and medication.

A clinical clerkship is a period of time during medical school where students are placed in a clinical setting, such as a hospital or clinic, to gain hands-on experience working with patients under the supervision of licensed physicians. During a clinical clerkship, students are typically responsible for performing physical exams, taking medical histories, ordering and interpreting diagnostic tests, and developing treatment plans for patients. The goal of a clinical clerkship is to provide students with the opportunity to apply the knowledge and skills they have learned in the classroom to real-world patient care situations, and to help them develop the critical thinking and decision-making skills necessary to become competent and compassionate physicians.

Croatia is a country located in Southeast Europe. It is not directly related to the medical field, but Croatia has a developed healthcare system with a network of hospitals, clinics, and medical centers. The country has a relatively low infant mortality rate and a high life expectancy. Croatia is also known for its medical tourism industry, with many people traveling to the country for medical procedures and treatments.

Substance-related disorders are a group of mental health conditions that are caused by the use of drugs or alcohol. These disorders can range from mild to severe and can have a significant impact on a person's life. Substance-related disorders are diagnosed when a person's use of drugs or alcohol causes problems in their daily life, such as problems at work or school, problems with relationships, or legal problems. Substance-related disorders can also lead to physical health problems, such as liver damage or heart disease. Treatment for substance-related disorders typically involves a combination of behavioral therapy and medication.

In the medical field, "beverages" typically refers to any liquid that is consumed for hydration or as part of a medical treatment. Beverages can include water, juices, sports drinks, electrolyte solutions, and other liquids that are consumed for their nutritional or therapeutic benefits. In some cases, beverages may be prescribed or recommended by a healthcare provider as part of a treatment plan for a particular condition or illness. For example, athletes may be advised to drink sports drinks to replenish electrolytes lost through sweating, while patients with certain medical conditions may be prescribed specific types of beverages to help manage their symptoms. Overall, the term "beverages" in the medical field encompasses a wide range of liquids that are consumed for various purposes, and their use is often tailored to the specific needs of individual patients.

Athletic injuries refer to injuries that occur as a result of physical activity or sports. These injuries can range from minor sprains and strains to more severe fractures, dislocations, and concussions. They can occur in any part of the body and can be caused by a variety of factors, including overuse, sudden movements, collisions, and poor technique. Athletic injuries can be prevented through proper conditioning, warm-up and cool-down exercises, and the use of appropriate protective gear. Treatment for athletic injuries may include rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE), physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery.

In the medical field, Community-Institutional Relations (CIR) refers to the interactions and relationships between healthcare institutions and the communities they serve. These relationships are critical for ensuring that healthcare services are accessible, culturally appropriate, and responsive to the needs of the community. CIR involves a range of activities, including community outreach and engagement, partnership building, and collaboration with community-based organizations. Healthcare institutions may work with community leaders, advocacy groups, and other stakeholders to identify community health needs, develop and implement health promotion programs, and address health disparities. Effective CIR requires a deep understanding of the cultural, social, and economic factors that influence health outcomes in the community. It also requires a commitment to involving community members in the planning and delivery of healthcare services, and to being accountable to the community for the quality and effectiveness of those services. Overall, CIR is an essential component of healthcare delivery in today's complex and diverse healthcare landscape, and is critical for ensuring that healthcare institutions are able to provide high-quality, culturally competent care that meets the needs of the communities they serve.

In the medical field, overweight is a condition where a person's body weight is greater than what is considered healthy for their height and body composition. The term "overweight" is often used interchangeably with "obesity," but they are not the same thing. The body mass index (BMI) is a commonly used tool to determine whether a person is overweight or obese. BMI is calculated by dividing a person's weight in kilograms by their height in meters squared. A BMI of 25 to 29.9 is considered overweight, while a BMI of 30 or higher is considered obese. Being overweight can increase the risk of developing a variety of health problems, including heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis. Therefore, it is important to maintain a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular physical activity.

Dental caries, also known as tooth decay, is a common dental disease that affects the hard tissues of the teeth, including the enamel, dentin, and pulp. It is caused by the demineralization of tooth enamel due to the production of acid by bacteria in the mouth. The bacteria in the mouth feed on sugars and starches in the food we eat, producing acid as a byproduct. This acid can erode the enamel on the teeth, leading to the formation of cavities. If left untreated, dental caries can progress and cause damage to the underlying dentin and pulp, leading to pain, infection, and tooth loss. Dental caries is a preventable disease through good oral hygiene practices, such as brushing and flossing regularly, using fluoride toothpaste and mouthwash, and limiting sugary and acidic foods and drinks. Early detection and treatment of dental caries can help prevent more serious complications and maintain good oral health.

Lice infestations, also known as pediculosis, are caused by the presence of lice on the scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes, or other areas of the body where there is hair. Lice are small, wingless insects that feed on human blood and can cause itching, redness, and other symptoms. There are three main types of lice: head lice, body lice, and pubic lice. Head lice are the most common type and are typically found on the scalp and hair. Body lice are found on clothing and bedding and can cause itching and skin irritation. Pubic lice are found in the pubic hair and can cause itching and redness in the genital area. Lice infestations are most commonly spread through direct contact with an infected person or by sharing clothing, towels, or bedding. Treatment for lice infestations typically involves the use of over-the-counter or prescription medications to kill the lice and their eggs.

In the medical field, carbonated beverages are drinks that contain dissolved carbon dioxide gas under pressure, which creates bubbles when the pressure is released. These beverages are often referred to as soft drinks or soda pop and can be sweetened with sugar, artificial sweeteners, or natural flavors. Carbonated beverages are a common source of calories and sugar in the diet, and excessive consumption has been linked to various health problems, including obesity, type 2 diabetes, and dental erosion. In some cases, carbonated beverages may also cause digestive discomfort, such as bloating or gas, particularly in people who are sensitive to carbon dioxide. In medical settings, carbonated beverages may be used as a diagnostic tool to help diagnose certain medical conditions, such as acid reflux or ulcers. They may also be used as a treatment for certain digestive disorders, such as constipation, by promoting bowel movements. However, it is important to note that excessive consumption of carbonated beverages should be avoided, particularly in people with certain medical conditions or who are trying to manage their weight.

In the medical field, aggression refers to a behavior characterized by hostile or threatening actions or words directed towards others. Aggression can be physical or verbal and can range from mild irritability to extreme violence. Aggression can be a symptom of various mental health conditions, such as depression, anxiety, or substance abuse disorders. It can also be a response to stress, frustration, or other negative emotions. In some cases, aggression may be a sign of a neurological disorder or a side effect of certain medications. It is important for healthcare professionals to identify and address the underlying cause of aggression in order to provide appropriate treatment and prevent harm to others.

In the medical field, "attitude to health" refers to an individual's beliefs, values, and behaviors related to their health and well-being. It encompasses their perceptions of their own health status, their motivation to engage in healthy behaviors, their willingness to seek medical care, and their attitudes towards illness and disease. An individual's attitude to health can have a significant impact on their health outcomes. For example, a positive attitude towards health can motivate individuals to adopt healthy behaviors, such as regular exercise and a healthy diet, and to seek medical care when needed. On the other hand, a negative attitude towards health can lead to unhealthy behaviors and a reluctance to seek medical care, which can contribute to poor health outcomes. In medical practice, healthcare providers often assess an individual's attitude to health as part of their overall assessment of their health status. This can help healthcare providers to identify any barriers to healthy behaviors or medical care and to develop tailored interventions to support positive health behaviors and outcomes.

Sunburn is a type of skin damage that occurs when the skin is exposed to excessive amounts of ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or other sources. It is a common condition that affects people of all ages and skin types, and can range from mild to severe. The symptoms of sunburn include redness, swelling, pain, and sometimes blistering of the affected skin. Sunburn can also cause fever, headache, and fatigue. In severe cases, sunburn can lead to dehydration, heat exhaustion, and heat stroke. Sunburn is caused by damage to the skin's cells, specifically the keratinocytes, which are the cells that produce the skin's pigment. When the skin is exposed to UV radiation, the keratinocytes produce an inflammatory response, which leads to the redness, swelling, and pain associated with sunburn. Prevention of sunburn is the best way to avoid its harmful effects. This can be achieved by using sunscreen with a high SPF, wearing protective clothing, seeking shade, and avoiding peak sun hours. If sunburn does occur, it is important to cool the affected skin, use moisturizers, and avoid further sun exposure until the skin has healed. In severe cases, medical treatment may be necessary.

Child development refers to the physical, cognitive, social, and emotional changes that occur in children from birth to adolescence. It is a complex process that involves the interaction of genetic, environmental, and social factors. In the medical field, child development is studied by pediatricians, developmental psychologists, and other healthcare professionals to understand how children grow and develop, and to identify any potential problems or delays that may require intervention or treatment. This knowledge is used to promote healthy development and to provide appropriate care and support for children with developmental issues.

Scalp dermatoses refer to a group of skin conditions that affect the scalp. These conditions can range from mild and temporary to severe and chronic. Scalp dermatoses can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, environmental factors, and underlying medical conditions. Some common examples of scalp dermatoses include dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, tinea capitis (fungal infection), and alopecia areata (autoimmune disorder that causes hair loss). Scalp dermatoses can cause symptoms such as itching, redness, scaling, and hair loss. Treatment for scalp dermatoses depends on the specific condition and may include over-the-counter or prescription medications, lifestyle changes, and in some cases, surgery.

Adolescent development refers to the physical, cognitive, emotional, and social changes that occur during the period of adolescence, typically between the ages of 10 and 19 years. This is a critical period of life when individuals undergo significant changes in their bodies, minds, and relationships with others. During adolescence, the body undergoes significant physical changes, including the development of secondary sexual characteristics, changes in body shape and size, and the onset of puberty. Cognitive development during adolescence involves the development of abstract thinking, problem-solving skills, and the ability to reason logically. Emotional development involves the development of emotional regulation, self-awareness, and the ability to manage emotions effectively. Social development during adolescence involves the development of peer relationships, the formation of romantic relationships, and the development of a sense of identity and belonging. Adolescents also begin to explore their values, beliefs, and attitudes, and to develop a sense of independence from their parents and caregivers. Overall, adolescent development is a complex and multifaceted process that involves changes in many different areas of an individual's life. Understanding these changes is important for healthcare providers who work with adolescents, as it can help them provide appropriate care and support during this critical period of life.

Child behavior disorders are a group of conditions that affect a child's ability to behave appropriately in social situations and at home. These disorders can cause significant distress for both the child and their family, and can interfere with the child's ability to learn and function in daily life. Child behavior disorders can be classified into two main categories: internalizing disorders and externalizing disorders. Internalizing disorders include conditions such as anxiety disorders, depression, and eating disorders, which are characterized by feelings of distress, withdrawal, and avoidance. Externalizing disorders, on the other hand, include conditions such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and conduct disorder (CD), which are characterized by impulsivity, aggression, and defiance. Child behavior disorders can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, brain chemistry, environmental factors, and trauma. Treatment for child behavior disorders typically involves a combination of behavioral therapy, medication, and support from parents, teachers, and other caregivers. Early intervention and treatment can help children with behavior disorders to develop the skills they need to manage their symptoms and lead healthy, fulfilling lives.

In the medical field, administrative personnel refers to individuals who are responsible for managing the administrative functions of a healthcare organization. This includes tasks such as scheduling appointments, managing patient records, billing and insurance, managing supplies and equipment, and overseeing the day-to-day operations of the facility. Administrative personnel in the medical field may include a variety of roles, such as medical secretaries, administrative assistants, medical billing and coding specialists, medical records technicians, and healthcare managers. These individuals are essential to the smooth operation of a healthcare facility, as they help ensure that patients receive the care they need in a timely and efficient manner, while also managing the financial and administrative aspects of the organization.

Computer-Assisted Instruction (CAI) in the medical field refers to the use of computer technology to provide educational materials and interactive learning experiences to medical students, residents, and practitioners. CAI can take many forms, including online courses, simulations, virtual reality, and multimedia presentations. CAI in the medical field is designed to enhance the learning experience by providing personalized instruction, immediate feedback, and opportunities for practice and repetition. It can also help medical professionals keep up-to-date with the latest medical knowledge and techniques, as well as improve their skills in areas such as diagnosis, treatment planning, and patient communication. CAI in the medical field can be used for a variety of purposes, including medical education, continuing medical education, and professional development. It can also be used to support patient care by providing medical professionals with access to up-to-date information and decision-making tools.

In the medical field, "alcohol drinking" refers to the consumption of alcoholic beverages, such as beer, wine, and spirits. The term is often used to describe the frequency, amount, and duration of alcohol consumption, as well as any potential negative health effects that may result from it. Alcohol drinking is a common social activity and is legal in many countries, but excessive or binge drinking can lead to a range of health problems, including liver disease, high blood pressure, heart disease, certain types of cancer, and mental health issues such as depression and anxiety. In medical settings, alcohol drinking is often assessed as part of a patient's medical history and can be used to inform treatment decisions and recommendations for lifestyle changes.

The attitude of health personnel refers to the beliefs, values, and emotions that healthcare providers bring to their work with patients. It encompasses their approach to patient care, their level of empathy and compassion, their communication skills, and their overall demeanor towards patients and colleagues. A positive attitude of health personnel is essential for providing high-quality patient care. It can help to build trust and rapport with patients, improve communication and collaboration with colleagues, and enhance the overall patient experience. On the other hand, a negative attitude can have a detrimental effect on patient care, leading to misunderstandings, conflicts, and poor outcomes. Healthcare providers are trained to develop a positive attitude towards their work and their patients. This includes cultivating empathy, compassion, and respect for patients, as well as developing effective communication and interpersonal skills. Additionally, healthcare organizations may provide training and support to help staff maintain a positive attitude and cope with the challenges of working in the healthcare field.

Helminthiasis is a medical condition caused by the presence of parasitic worms (helminths) in the body. These worms can infect various organs and tissues, including the digestive system, lungs, liver, and brain. There are many different types of helminths that can cause helminthiasis, including roundworms, tapeworms, and flukes. The symptoms of helminthiasis can vary depending on the type of worm and the location of the infection. Common symptoms may include abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and weight loss. Helminthiasis can be diagnosed through a variety of methods, including stool analysis, blood tests, and imaging studies. Treatment typically involves the use of antihelminthic drugs to kill or remove the worms from the body. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to remove large or deeply embedded worms. Prevention of helminthiasis involves good hygiene practices, such as washing hands regularly and avoiding contact with contaminated soil or water.

Body Mass Index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on a person's weight and height. It is calculated by dividing a person's weight in kilograms by their height in meters squared. The resulting number is then compared to a standard chart to determine if a person is underweight, normal weight, overweight, or obese. BMI is commonly used in the medical field as a screening tool to assess a person's risk for health problems associated with obesity, such as heart disease, diabetes, and certain types of cancer. However, it is important to note that BMI is not always an accurate measure of body fat, as it does not take into account factors such as muscle mass or body composition.

Dental care refers to the maintenance and treatment of the teeth and gums to promote oral health and prevent or treat dental problems. It includes regular check-ups, cleaning, and fluoride treatments to prevent tooth decay and gum disease. Dental care also involves the diagnosis and treatment of oral health problems such as cavities, gum disease, toothaches, and oral infections. In some cases, dental care may also involve the placement of dental implants, bridges, crowns, or dentures to restore or replace missing teeth. Overall, dental care is an essential part of maintaining good overall health and well-being.

Intestinal diseases caused by parasites are a group of conditions that affect the digestive system and are caused by the presence of parasites in the intestines. These parasites can be protozoa, helminths, or other microorganisms that live in the digestive tract and cause damage to the lining of the intestine, leading to symptoms such as abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and weight loss. Some common examples of parasitic intestinal diseases include: 1. Ascariasis: caused by the roundworm Ascaris lumbricoides, which can cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, and coughing up worms. 2. Giardiasis: caused by the protozoan Giardia lamblia, which can cause diarrhea, abdominal cramps, and bloating. 3. Hookworm infection: caused by the hookworms Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale, which can cause anemia, abdominal pain, and weight loss. 4. Trichomoniasis: caused by the protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis, which can cause diarrhea, abdominal pain, and nausea. 5. Schistosomiasis: caused by parasitic flatworms called schistosomes, which can cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, and blood in the stool. Treatment for parasitic intestinal diseases typically involves the use of antiparasitic medications, although in some cases, surgery may be necessary. Prevention measures include practicing good hygiene, avoiding contaminated food and water, and using insect repellent to prevent mosquito bites.

Anatomy is the branch of science that deals with the study of the structure and organization of living organisms, including their cells, tissues, organs, and organ systems. In the medical field, anatomy is a fundamental subject that provides the foundation for understanding the structure and function of the human body. Medical anatomy is concerned with the detailed study of the human body, including its external and internal structures, their relationships to each other, and their functions. It is divided into several subfields, including gross anatomy, which deals with the study of the external and internal structures of the body, and microscopic anatomy, which focuses on the study of cells and tissues at the microscopic level. Medical students are required to study anatomy as part of their medical education, as it is essential for understanding the diagnosis and treatment of diseases and injuries. Knowledge of anatomy is also important for surgeons, radiologists, and other medical professionals who need to interpret medical images and perform surgical procedures.

Cohort studies are a type of observational study in the medical field that involves following a group of individuals (a cohort) over time to identify the incidence of a particular disease or health outcome. The individuals in the cohort are typically selected based on a common characteristic, such as age, gender, or exposure to a particular risk factor. During the study, researchers collect data on the health and lifestyle of the cohort members, and then compare the incidence of the disease or health outcome between different subgroups within the cohort. This can help researchers identify risk factors or protective factors associated with the disease or outcome. Cohort studies are useful for studying the long-term effects of exposure to a particular risk factor, such as smoking or air pollution, on the development of a disease. They can also be used to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions or treatments for a particular disease. One of the main advantages of cohort studies is that they can provide strong evidence of causality, as the exposure and outcome are measured over a long period of time and in the same group of individuals. However, they can be expensive and time-consuming to conduct, and may be subject to biases if the cohort is not representative of the general population.

In the medical field, tooth injuries refer to any damage or trauma that affects the structure, function, or appearance of the teeth. Tooth injuries can occur as a result of accidents, sports injuries, falls, or other types of physical trauma. There are several types of tooth injuries, including: 1. Fractures: A fracture is a crack or break in the tooth that can occur anywhere along the tooth's length. 2. Chips: A chip is a small piece of tooth that has been broken off. 3. Cracks: A crack is a long, narrow break in the tooth that can extend from the surface to the root. 4. Luxation: Luxation occurs when the tooth becomes dislodged from its socket. 5. Avulsion: Avulsion is a severe type of tooth injury in which the tooth is completely knocked out of the socket. Tooth injuries can cause pain, swelling, and difficulty chewing or speaking. In some cases, they may also lead to infection or other complications if left untreated. Treatment for tooth injuries may include restorative procedures such as fillings, crowns, or root canal therapy, as well as surgery in severe cases.

Asthma is a chronic respiratory disease characterized by inflammation and narrowing of the airways in the lungs. This can cause symptoms such as wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness. Asthma can be triggered by a variety of factors, including allergens, irritants, exercise, and respiratory infections. It is a common condition, affecting millions of people worldwide, and can range from mild to severe. Treatment typically involves the use of medications to control inflammation and open up the airways, as well as lifestyle changes to avoid triggers and improve overall lung function.

School Nutrition and Healthy and Supportive School Environments. *School-based Physical Activity and the Social and Emotional ... Out of School Timeplus icon *Supporting Students with Chronic Health Conditions in School-Based OST Programs ... Healthy and Supportive School Environmentsplus icon *Strategies to Create a Healthy and Supportive School Environment ... What School Nutrition Professionals Need to Know About COVID-19. *Modifying School Spaces During Mealtimes to Reduce Spread of ...
UNOPS is working to help more than 20,000 students return to school ... In addition to the schools to be completed in 2023, a new batch of schools, mostly located in the Kyiv Oblast, will be repaired ... Rehabilitating these schools is crucial for providing the youngest of Ukrainians a safe environment to learn and grow," said ... Our team in Ukraine visited several schools in the city to see how the project is helping them prepare to welcome students for ...
The Ethel Walker School is an independent, college preparatory, boarding and day school for girls in grades six through 12. ... Middle School Life. Whether waking up on campus or arriving at school at 7:30 a.m. to enjoy breakfast with friends before the ... The Ethel Walker School is an independent, college preparatory, day and boarding school for girls in grades six through 12 and ... Added to: Academics, All School, Diversity and Social Justice, History, Upper School ...
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See an archive of all charter public schools stories published on Intelligencer. ... Federal Subsidies to Defraud Students Are ExpensiveBetsy DeVos thinks for-profit colleges as well as K-12 private schools ...
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Bedales School is a public school (co-educational private school, boarding and day) in the village of Steep, near the market ... John Haden Badley, founder of the school. Bedales School. The school was started in 1893 by Amy Garrett Badley and John Haden ... Bedales School; A School for Boys. Outline of its aims and system J H Badley; Cambridge University Press, 1892 ... Books such as A quoi tient la supériorité des Anglo-Saxons? and LEducation nouvelle popularised the school on the Continent, ...
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... and Mother Nature called for school closures Thursday and Friday due to excessive heat. On Wednesday, school district officials ... 26-DANVILLE - Only two weeks into the new school year for Danville School District 118 students, ... Only two weeks into the new school year for Danville School District 118 students, and Mother Nature called for school closures ... The school districts 8-day enrollment for the new school year that started Aug. 11 was 4,223, which is down some from last ...
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Schools affect childrens health from learning healthy behaviors to exercise. ... Your child spends more time at school than anywhere else except home. ... School and Diabetes (Nemours Foundation) Also in Spanish * See, Hear, Speak: Are Kids Senses Ready for School? (National ... Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2017 (Department of Education) * Preventing School Violence (Centers for Disease Control ...
... You may be leaving Michigan public school employment to pursue other opportunities, or you may be ... One of the biggest factors in your decision should be whether or not you are vested before you leave public school employment. ... Reinstating service. If you return to public school employment, you may repay the amount that was refunded to you, plus ... If you are vested with 10 YOS when you leave public school employment and you leave your contributions on deposit with ORS, you ...
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MONEY FOR SCHOOLS. How the federal CARES Act dollars could be distributed. Some school districts would use the money for remote ... What are your plans if social distancing mandates continue until fall, and there are no summer school activities or camps for ... chief of staff for state school Superintendent Richard Woods. Schools can use the money to cover any of their coronavirus costs ... School leaders already suspect as much, and they are waiting apprehensively for the Georgia General Assembly to resume budget ...
Dr Edward Molloy, School of English and DH - wins Maurice J. Bric Medal of Excellence in IRCs Researcher of the Year Awards ... Childhood, Religion and School Injustice by Karl Kitching. *New Collaboration between UCC, RTÉ and the Department of Culture, ... Marie Kelly (School of Film, Music & Theatre) co-edits : Scene 8 Volumes 1 and 2 (2021) - Special Issue: Performance and ... Dr Sarah Foley, a Lecturer in the School of Applied Psychology, was awarded an NUI Grant for Early Career Academics in 2020 ...
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  • A new study found that mandatory masking reduces the spread of COVID-19 in schools. (
  • The study examined how masking policies affect the spread of COVID-19 within schools. (
  • Search over ten thousand teaching jobs nationwide - elementary, middle, high school and more. (
  • Researchers tracked COVID-19 infections within 61 school districts, grade 12 and lower. (
  • Click the school name using the left navigation for additional school information. (
  • Founded in 1965, we are one of the UK's longest established business schools and are proud to be integral to Durham University. (
  • Study engineering in one of the UK's most respected schools of engineering. (
  • Schools with mandatory masking had 72% less COVID-19 cases caught at school than those with optional masking. (
  • These findings show that school masking remains a critical preventive measure in times with high community infection rates," says Dr. Danny Benjamin at Duke University, who co-led the study. (
  • School masking policies and secondary SARS-CoV-2 transmission. (
  • Lifting Universal Masking in Schools - Covid-19 Incidence among Students and Staff. (
  • Schools with mandatory masking during the Delta surge had less in-school transmission of SARS-CoV-2 than schools with optional or partial masking policies. (
  • Because of the importance of in-person childhood education, researchers want to know how masking policies affect transmission within schools. (
  • Compared to optional masking, mandatory masking was associated with a 72% reduction of in-school COVID-19 cases. (
  • School districts with mandatory masking had 7.3 cases of in-school infection for every 100 community-acquired cases. (
  • The team didn't obtain data on how school masking affected the spread of Omicron. (
  • These findings show that school masking remains a critical preventive measure in times with high community infection rates, as we observed with Omicron, or if a variant emerges that escapes immunity," Benjamin says. (
  • This free, online course teaches coaches, officials, parents and students the importance of proper concussion recognition and management in high school sports. (
  • A report says schools serving students in middle-class families are underperforming, with an average of one in four of their students going on to earn a college degree by age 26. (
  • Published by Third Way, a Washington think tank, the study focuses on schools where 26 percent to 75 percent of students qualify for federally subsidized meals. (
  • Community Schools are built with the understanding that students often come to the classroom with challenges that impact their ability to learn, explore, and develop to their greatest potential. (
  • Because learning never happens in isolation, community schools focus on what students in the community truly need to succeed -whether it's free healthy meals, health care, tutoring, mental health counseling, or other tailored services before, during, and after school. (
  • At present, more than 25 million students in America's public schools live in under-resourced households , the highest proportion in generations. (
  • More and more students are coming to school hungry, many face unstable housing situations or move frequently, and many do not have access to regular pediatric well-visits. (
  • Community schools provide not only tremendous opportunities for learning and success for students, but they also offer hope, opportunity, and transformation. (
  • Community schools meet the unique needs of their students head on. (
  • Here are a few stories of how community schools are responding to the needs of their students. (
  • The problems students experience in and outside of school are intertwined. (
  • Community schools help meet the mental health needs of students, especially after the trauma of the pandemic. (
  • Because learning never happens in isolation, community schools focus on what students in the community truly need to succeed. (
  • The school recognises that most of its students intend to make a career in the arts, entertainment and communications industries, but the school expects all to follow full-time courses to completion. (
  • It's not that the students are being given nothing to do, but the school has decided to, once and for all, move away from lectures. (
  • Some healthcare professionals are concerned that eliminating lectures could jeopardize medical schools' regional and professional accreditation statuses, discourage prospective students, and alienate alumni donors and faculty members. (
  • Employees, students, and the general public are hereby notified that the Lowndes County School System does not discriminate in any educational program or activity or in employment policies. (
  • Upper-level high school art students are introduced to the skills necessary to study art history, as well as to art-making techniques, publication design, and museum careers, using the collections and resources of the Gallery. (
  • Nearly a half-billion dollars in federal aid could be coming to Georgia schools by mid-May to supplement their costs for educating students during a pandemic. (
  • It's tough when you need to look at possible budget reductions but also provide enough resources to meet the increased needs of your students," said Kenneth Dyer, superintendent of schools in Dougherty County, an epicenter of COVID-19 deaths in Georgia. (
  • His extra costs now include the bonus he pays kitchen staff and school police officers to deliver food to students, plus the masks, gloves, face shields and digital thermometers they need. (
  • Most of the federal money is for schools with larger proportions of poor students, and this rescue package is being distributed with the same formula. (
  • Gwinnett County, the largest of the state's 180 school districts with 180,000 students, expects around $33 million. (
  • They serve 2,000 students across 6 schools, and its teachers have had 190 projects funded on DonorsChoose. (
  • Schools in districts that mainly serve students of color receive substantially less state and local support than similar districts that serve primarily White students. (
  • Premed graduate programs and medical graduate degree programs are typically designed to help prepare students for health professional schools and doctoral programs that may lead to potential opportunities to pursue careers dedicated to maintaining health and alleviating and curing disease. (
  • Students enrolled in a medical graduate school are likely to participate in coursework related to physiology, anatomy, biology, micro-biology, chemistry, organic chemistry, medical assessment and diagnosis. (
  • Students should consult with a representative from the school they select to learn more about career opportunities in that field. (
  • Recognizing that AmeriCorps alumni are a valuable asset to the academic community, Schools of National Service seeks to reward their service and incentivize their education by providing benefits to students who choose to serve. (
  • Gallup will be featuring the winners in a series of articles to highlight their accomplishments and share how they are using strengths to help students thrive in school and all areas of their lives. (
  • This year, Greater St. Albert Catholic Schools was awarded the Don Clifton Strengths for Students Award and was named a Gallup Exceptional Workplace for the fourth year in a row. (
  • Back to school wasn't just for students in the Alhambra School District this fall. (
  • We are a leading engineering school, conducting internationally renowned research alongside teaching that places students at the centre of the learning experience. (
  • Deter-mine whether high tuition costs keep the private or religious school from at-tracting a mix of students from different backgrounds. (
  • The American Cancer Society Schools vs. Cancer program brings education and community service to an elementary classroom in a fun and exciting way that also allows students to help save lives from cancer. (
  • Through Schools vs. Cancer program, students will learn about cancer, steps they can take to reduce their risk of developing the disease, and tips to stay healthy. (
  • In total, the team recorded more than 40,000 infections acquired in the community (36,000 among students) and about 3,100 infections acquired in school (2,800 among students). (
  • Further, the PI must have demonstrated a commitment to medical education for students and have a regular appointment (i.e., not adjunct) at the rank of associate or full professor in the medical or osteopathic school. (
  • The first objective of the Curriculum Development Award in Behavioral and Social Sciences in Medical Schools is the development of enhanced courses, curricula and education designed to increase medical students' knowledge and skills in the behavioral and social sciences related to health. (
  • School culture and student mental health: a qualitative study in UK secondary schools. (
  • Mark Featherstone-Witty had been inspired by Alan Parker 's 1980s film Fame to create a secondary school specialising in the performing arts. (
  • Schools of National Service recognize that individuals who serve in AmeriCorps bring tremendous value to higher education and other post-secondary experiences. (
  • AmeriCorps' Schools of National Service benefits both post-secondary institutions and the AmeriCorps alumni they enroll. (
  • A post-secondary institution can qualify as a School of National Service by entering into a written commitment to provide incentives to AmeriCorps members and alumni. (
  • Parent Program at all 15 elementary schools within the school district. (
  • Normally it would seem a hefty sum, but if the economy stumbles into recession, then school districts say they will still have to cut deeply unless Washington sends more. (
  • To find out, a research team led by Drs. Kanecia Zimmerman and Danny Benjamin at Duke University studied 61 school districts across nine states. (
  • The first key difference is that children are voluntarily enrolled in ECE, whereas attending school is mandatory. (
  • For the school year 2023-2024, if you believe your student(s) are eligible for free or reduced meal prices, Lowndes County Schools is requesting all families to complete and submit a Free and Reduced Meal Application by September 16, 2023. (
  • The School has ranked in the UK Top 5 for its Masters in Management programme in the 2023 Financial Times rankings. (
  • At Marietta High School, a network of teachers, counselors, and community partners have cultivated a culture of hope and achievement. (
  • Every spring, we invite high school counselors from around the world to join us for our NYU Counselor Open House, an event designed to help you learn more about NYU. (
  • Thanks to NEA member advocacy, the federal government now provides $70 million in federal funding to support community school initiatives. (
  • Congress and President Biden double federal funding for community schools. (
  • For over 30 years, the BRIT School has been the beneficiary of funding from the British record industry, with a substantial annual contribution from the proceeds of the Brit Awards , administered via the record industry's charity, the BRIT Trust. (
  • During the Great Recession, so-called "austerity" cuts lopped a billion dollars a year off state funding for schools, he said. (
  • Just as every division employee at Greater St. Albert Catholic Schools takes the CliftonStrengths assessment, every student learns their top talents as well, using Clifton StrengthsExplorer (a version of the assessment for children) for grades four through nine and the CliftonStrengths assessment for grades 10 through 12. (
  • A certified copy has an original signature of the registrar or other designated school official, or the institution's seal. (
  • UMass Amherst's Graduate School is renowned for high-quality education that is recognized worldwide. (
  • Montgomery County Public Schools does not discriminate in its programs and activities for reasons of race, religion, color, gender, national origin, disability, age, or on any other basis prohibited by law. (
  • Before your high school graduate celebrates, talk with them about keeping events alcohol free. (
  • In 2012, the school expanded acquiring part of the former Selhurst High School building next door. (
  • Interviews, highlights, and behind-the-scenes clips of the 2014-2015 High School Seminar offer a look inside this annual program, which meets over the course of ten sessions throughout the school year. (
  • To verify enrollment eligibility, contact the school or district directly. (
  • By the time he started trying to raise money through the School for Performing Arts Trust (SPA), he had refined a novel integrated curriculum. (
  • The programmatic priorities are set to ensure that a diverse set of schools are funded with regard to educational approach, size, and maturity of existing curriculum in the behavioral and social sciences. (
  • The principal investigator should possess the research and training expertise, and leadership and administrative capabilities required to develop, and implement or enhance a curriculum of behavioral and social science for use in medical schools. (
  • They found about 3,100 cases that were caught at a school. (
  • Find hundreds of jobs for principals, assistant principals, and other school leadership roles. (
  • Now, each school is implementing the program, facilitated by school principals, teachers, parent coordinators, or community resource coordinators, in a variety of ways that cater to each community. (
  • Opened on 22 October 1991 under the CTC programme, the school is funded by the British Government with support from the British Record Industry Trust (BRIT) and other charity partners and donations and maintains an independent school status from the local education authority . (
  • We work directly and exclusively with applicants, schools, local governments, Education USA, the Institute of International Education, and non-profit and community based organizations. (
  • The Georgia Department of Education is applying this week for more than $457 million in federal subsidies that Congress allotted to schools as part of the CARES Act, the $2 trillion economic stimulus package approved in March. (
  • Contact Montville Public Schools Contact data is sourced from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) annual survey process, so apologies if it's out of date! (
  • The sources for school statistics and data is the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics and the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System unless otherwise noted. (
  • Compensation may impact where the Sponsored Schools appear on our websites, including whether they appear as a match through our education matching services tool, the order in which they appear in a listing, and/or their ranking. (
  • Our MBA programme has been re-accredited by the Association of MBAs (AMBA), confirming our place as a top global business school, committed to excellence in business and management education. (
  • The Diabetes Education in Tribal Schools (DETS) Project was part of a national effort to decrease the incidence and improve the care of type 2 diabetes among AI/AN. (
  • Check to see whether the private or religious school has fewer resources and teachers trained specifically in art, music, physical education, guidance counseling, and special education. (
  • As part of its commitment to advancing community schools strategies, the Partnership for the Future of Learning has worked with partners to create an interactive map of stories about community schools and the impact they're having across the U.S. The stories published on the map show how community schools strategies work in different places and at different stages of development. (
  • Finally, find out if parents are required to make a substantial time commitment to volunteer at and fund-raise for the school. (
  • Each year the BRIT Awards Music Ceremony raises money, some of which is used to help the continuing sponsorship of the school along with other music charities. (
  • The entire Lowndes County School District staff is looking forward to supporting your child in the coming school year. (
  • Montville Public Schools had a total revenue of $46.6 million in the 2016-17 school year. (
  • We are anticipating about 5,000 people and nearly 75 vendors at our event this year," said Anita White, Executive Director of Administrative Services at Alhambra Elementary School. (
  • Are You Ready for a New School Year? (
  • img src="" alt="A group of preteen cartoon characters. (
  • School health staff, in collaboration with local public health departments, tracked infections and reported which were acquired in the community and which in schools. (
  • This award is intended to support schools of medicine and osteopathy at various stages of involvement in behavioral and social sciences curricula. (
  • A School Intervention's Impact on Adolescents' Health-Related Knowledge and Behavior. (
  • Status of school health programs in Asia: National policy and implementation. (
  • The Importance of School Leaders' Attitudes and Health Literacy to the Implementation of a Health-Promoting Schools Approach. (
  • School leaders already suspect as much, and they are waiting apprehensively for the Georgia General Assembly to resume budget deliberations paused in March for the public health emergency. (
  • Ask about licensing requirements for teachers, administrators, and health-care personnel, since they are sometimes less stringent in private and religious schools. (
  • The guidelines helped to raise awareness about where schools were located within communities and how the location of the school could affect children's health. (
  • Discover how to bring community schools to your district to improve learning and build healthier communities in harmony in five steps! (
  • The inclusion or exclusion of a school in this locator does NOT constitute an endorsement of the school and should NOT be used in any way to infer the accreditation status of the school. (
  • Several thousand women and girls attend the school, which has a mission of promoting gender inclusion in Afghan society. (
  • For information about the Lowndes County School Nutrition Program, please contact Deidra Frier, Eligibility Clerk, at (229) 245-2443 or [email protected]. (
  • Alhambra School District realized the importance of gathering feedback from participants and improving the program, so at the end of each event the participants completed evaluation forms on ways to enhance the program in the future. (
  • Community Schools are public schools that provide services and support that fit each neighborhood's needs, created and run by the people who know our children best-all working together. (
  • Montville Public Schools has received support from 592 individuals from Connecticut and 375 individuals out-of-state . (
  • Children with asthma may need extra support at school. (
  • Official sources only include directly from a school official employed by the school, nationally or internationally recognized testing agency, or other community organizations as permitted by the Office of Undergraduate Admissions. (
  • Public school teachers from every corner of America create classroom project requests, and you can give any amount to the project that inspires you. (
  • Instructional sessions taught by school teachers in the District will cover topics such as how to read food labels and measure healthy portion sizes. (
  • The GreatSchools Rating is based on a variety of school quality indicators, including test scores, college readiness, and equity data. (
  • Data matter for Greater St. Albert Catholic Schools. (
  • What Are Community Schools? (
  • Enter the Community Schools model. (
  • Having community schools is the perfect way to ensure that the system answers to the community, not the other way around. (
  • The community schools model aims to tackle these challenges together. (
  • The community schools model enlists local partners to provide enrichment and other student services, taking pressure off educators. (
  • For Sarah Madden and her children, Potter Elementary Community School has been a lifeline, not only during the COVID-19 crisis, but well before. (
  • Clyattville Elementary, Moulton Branch Elementary, Lake Park Elementary and Lowndes Middle School all operate under CEP (Community Eligibility Provision). (
  • Division leaders measure employee and student engagement, collect community input, and use what they know to further their work in strengths as part of a larger vision for staff and student engagement and wellbeing in their school system. (
  • This month, the School District is holding the third annual Parents as Partners Conference and Community Expo. (
  • Community for Accredited Schools Online serves as a comprehensive accreditation resource for anyone in the process of selecting a college. (
  • The company has launched pilot programs in 20 U.S. schools, offering the technology for free to show off its effectiveness and aiming to attract more schools to the pilot program. (
  • Our websites do not provide, nor are they intended to provide, a comprehensive list of all schools (a) in the United States (b) located in a specific geographic area or (c) that offer a particular program of study. (
  • The school was founded in 1991 under the auspices of the City Technology Colleges (CTC) initiative with sponsorship from the British Record Industry Trust (BRIT). (
  • The School has strengthened an already impressive roster of industry experts with the appointment of two new financial sector experts to its Professor in Practice initiative. (
  • No matter our race, background, or ZIP code, we all want our neighborhood public schools to inspire imagination, cultivate curiosity and critical thinking, and ensure our children can live fulfilling lives. (
  • One school, James W. Rice Primary, is holding large-scale Zumba ® exercise classes for both parents and children, while Carol G. Peck Elementary School is showing parents games they can play at home to encourage their children to stay active. (
  • Additionally, Barcelona Middle School had more than 155 parents and children attend the orientation and prepare fruit kebabs as an example of how to make fun, healthy snacks. (
  • Returning to school can be exciting and challenging for children and teens. (
  • The student and school staff should follow this asthma action plan. (
  • Eligible institutions include those that have a domestic school of medicine or osteopathy. (
  • Georgia's portion amounts to about 5% of the roughly $10 billion in state money allocated to schools, which are typically funded about equally by state and local tax revenue plus a little extra from the federal government. (
  • Cite this: Should Medical Schools Eliminate Lectures? (
  • What Are the Possible Benefits that Qualify an Institution as a School of National Service? (
  • Typically, federal money can only be used for a narrow set of approved expenditures, but in this case, the uses are wide open, said Matt Jones, chief of staff for state school Superintendent Richard Woods. (
  • Chris Guthrie , Dean of Vanderbilt Law School, is a leading expert on behavioral law and economics, dispute resolution, negotiation and judicial decision making and Dean of Vanderbilt Law School. (
  • Fill out the Schools vs. Cancer Interest Form and a representative from the American Cancer Society will reach out within the next 5-7 business days. (
  • Montville Public Schools is a public school district in Connecticut. (
  • Arizona School District Helps Parents Fall Back into the School Routine with We Can! (
  • Unlike schools, ECE programs do not generally go through a public input process. (
  • What are your plans if social distancing mandates continue until fall, and there are no summer school activities or camps for your child? (
  • Designed by Dake Wells Architecture, Reeds Spring Middle School in Missouri is nestled in a hill. (
  • It notes that those schools educate more than half the nation's schoolchildren but spend less per pupil on average and have larger classes than schools with poorer and wealthier enrollments. (