Scapula: Also called the shoulder blade, it is a flat triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle.Shoulder Joint: The articulation between the head of the HUMERUS and the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA.Thoracic Nerves: The twelve spinal nerves on each side of the thorax. They include eleven INTERCOSTAL NERVES and one subcostal nerve. Both sensory and motor, they supply the muscles and skin of the thoracic and abdominal walls.Shoulder: Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.Glenoid Cavity: A depression in the lateral angle of the scapula that articulates with the head of the HUMERUS.Osteochondroma: A cartilage-capped benign tumor that often appears as a stalk on the surface of bone. It is probably a developmental malformation rather than a true neoplasm and is usually found in the metaphysis of the distal femur, proximal tibia, or proximal humerus. Osteochondroma is the most common of benign bone tumors.Humerus: Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.Shoulder Impingement Syndrome: Compression of the rotator cuff tendons and subacromial bursa between the humeral head and structures that make up the coracoacromial arch and the humeral tuberosities. This condition is associated with subacromial bursitis and rotator cuff (largely supraspinatus) and bicipital tendon inflammation, with or without degenerative changes in the tendon. Pain that is most severe when the arm is abducted in an arc between 40 and 120 degrees, sometimes associated with tears in the rotator cuff, is the chief symptom. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Syndromes and Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed)Ribs: A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.Musculoskeletal Development: The morphologic and physiological changes of the MUSCLES, bones (BONE AND BONES), and CARTILAGE of the body, i.e., MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, during the prenatal and postnatal stages of development.Clavicle: A bone on the ventral side of the shoulder girdle, which in humans is commonly called the collar bone.Arthroplasty, Replacement: Partial or total replacement of a joint.Scandentia: An order of the class MAMMALS that consists of one family, TUPAIIDAE (tree shrews), 5 genera (one of which is TUPAIA), and 16 species. Their recent distribution is from India to the Philippines, southern China to Java, Borneo, Sumatra, Bali, and other islands in those regions.

Large bursa formation associated with osteochondroma of the scapula: a case report and review of the literature. (1/320)

Bursitis or large bursa formation associated with osteochondroma has rarely been reported. A 33-year-old male presented with upper back pain, a rapidly developing mass beside the lateral border of his right scapula and snapping elicited by movement of the scapula. Plain radiograms and CT revealed osteochondroma on the ventral surface of the scapula without any unmineralized component and a huge cystic lesion around the osteochondroma. Aspiration of the cystic lesion showed the presence of sero-sanguineous fluid. MRI following the aspiration showed a thin cartilaginous cap with distinct outer margin and no soft tissue mass around the cap. Pathological examinations confirmed the diagnosis of osteochondroma with the large bursa formation. Clinical examination 19 months postoperatively showed an uneventful clinical course.  (+info)

Parosteal osteosarcoma of the scapula. (2/320)

Parosteal osteosarcoma is a low-grade osteosarcoma, which occurs on the surface of the bone. We had experienced a parosteal osteosarcoma involving the flat bone, the scapula of a 21-year-old man. This is an extremely rare location for a parosteal osteosarcoma. Plain radiograph showed broad-based, well-defined radiodense lesion at the scapula. Computed tomogram demonstrated an intact cortex and absence of a medullary involvement. Tumor showed a lobulated, high-density lesion, indicating bone formation. Histologically, parosteal osteosarcoma is a well-differentiated osteosarcoma. The tumor is composed of a hypocellular proliferation of spindle cells, with minimal cytologic atypia. The bone is in the form of a well-formed bony trabeculae. Occasional cartilage is present in the form of a cap.  (+info)

The morphometry of the coracoid process - its aetiologic role in subcoracoid impingement syndrome. (3/320)

Anatomical morphometric studies of the coracoid process and coraco-glenoid space were carried out on 204 dry scapulae. No statistically significant correlations were found between length, or thickness of the coracoid process, prominence of the coracoid tip, coracoid slope, coraco-glenoid distance, or position of the coracoid tip with respect to the uppermost point of the glenoid. These anatomical characteristics were independent of the dimensions of the scapulae. Three configurations of the coraco-glenoid space were identified. Type I configuration was found in 45% of scapulae and Type II and Type III, in 34% and 21% of specimens, respectively. The lowest value of the coraco-glenoid distance were seen in Type I scapulae. Morphometric characteristics which might predispose to subcoracoid impingement were found in 4% of Type I scapulae. A total of 27 scapulae, nine with each type of configuration were submitted to CT scanning. Scapulae with a Type I configuration were found to have low values for the coraco-glenoid angle and coracoid overlap, which are known to be associated with a short coraco-humeral distance. Subjects with a Type I configuration, and severe narrowing of the coraco-glenoid space, appear to be predisposed to coraco-humeral impingement. These morphometric characteristics may be easily evaluated on CT scans.  (+info)

Fractures due to hypocalcemic convulsion. (4/320)

We report on two cases of patients in whom hypocalcemic seizures during hemodialysis led to right scapular body fracture in one and bilateral femoral neck fractures in the other.  (+info)

Suprascapular neuropathy in volleyball players. (5/320)

BACKGROUND: Suprascapular nerve entrapment with isolated paralysis of the infraspinatus muscle is uncommon. However, this pathology has been reported in volleyball players. Despite a lack of scientific evidence, excessive strain on the nerve is often cited as a possible cause of this syndrome. Previous research has shown a close association between shoulder range of motion and strain on the suprascapular nerve. No clinical studies have so far been designed to examine the association between excessive shoulder mobility and the presence of this pathology. AIM: To study the possible association between the range of motion of the shoulder joint and the presence of suprascapular neuropathy by clinically examining the Belgian male volleyball team with respect to several parameters. METHODS: An electromyographic investigation, a clinical shoulder examination, shoulder range of motion measurements, and an isokinetic concentric peak torque shoulder internal/external rotation strength test were performed in 16 professional players. RESULTS: The electrodiagnostic study showed a severe suprascapular neuropathy in four players which affected only the infraspinatus muscle. In each of these four players, suprascapular nerve entrapment was present on the dominant side. Except for the hypotrophy of the infraspinatus muscle, no significant differences between the affected and non-affected players were observed on clinical examination. Significant differences between the affected and non-affected players were found for range of motion measurements of external rotation, horizontal flexion and forward flexion, and for flexion of the shoulder girdle (protraction); all were found to be higher in the affected players than the non-affected players. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests an association between increased range of motion of the shoulder joint and the presence of isolated paralysis of the infraspinatus muscle in volleyball players. However, the small number of patients in this study prevents definite conclusions from being drawn.  (+info)

The painful shoulder: part II. Acute and chronic disorders. (6/320)

Fractures of the humerus, scapula and clavicle usually result from a direct blow or a fall onto an outstretched hand. Most can be treated by immobilization. Dislocation of the humerus, strain or sprain of the acromioclavicular and sternoclavicular joints, and rotator cuff injury often can be managed conservatively. Recurrence is a problem with humerus dislocation, and surgical management may be indicated if conservative treatment fails. Rotator cuff tears are often hard to diagnose because of muscle atrophy that impairs the patient's ability to perform diagnostic maneuvers. Chronic shoulder problems usually fall into one of several categories, which include impingement syndrome, frozen shoulder and biceps tendonitis. Other causes of chronic shoulder pain are labral injury, osteoarthritis of the glenohumeral or acromioclavicular joint and, rarely, osteolysis of the distal clavicle.  (+info)

Entrapment of the suprascapular nerve. (7/320)

Operative release for entrapment of the suprascapular nerve was carried out in 35 patients. They were assessed at an average of 30 months (12 to 98) after operation using the functional shoulder score devised by Constant and Murley. The average age at the time of surgery was 40 years (17 to 67). Entrapment was due to injury in ten patients and no cause was found in three; 34 had diffuse posterolateral shoulder pain. The strength of abduction was reduced in all the patients. The average Constant score, unadjusted for age or gender, before operative release was 47% (28 to 53). In 25 of the patients both the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles were atrophied and seven had isolated atrophy of the infraspinatus muscle. The average conduction time from Erb's point to the supraspinatus muscle and to the infraspinatus muscle was 5.7 ms (2.8 to 12.8) and 7.4 ms (3.4 to 13.4), respectively. In two patients MRI revealed a ganglion in the infraspinatus fossa and, in another, a complete rupture of the rotator cuff. The average time from the onset of symptoms to operation was ten months (3 to 36). A posterior approach was advocated. The average Constant score, after operative release, unadjusted for age or gender was 77% (35 to 91). The overall result was excellent in ten of the patients, very good in seven, good in 14, fair in two, and poor in two. The symptomatic and functional outcome in our series confirmed the usefulness and safety of operative decompression for entrapment of the suprascapular nerve.  (+info)

Dual origin and segmental organisation of the avian scapula. (8/320)

Bones of the postcranial skeleton of higher vertebrates originate from either somitic mesoderm or somatopleural layer of the lateral plate mesoderm. Controversy surrounds the origin of the scapula, a major component of the shoulder girdle, with both somitic and lateral plate origins being proposed. Abnormal scapular development has been described in the naturally occurring undulated series of mouse mutants, which has implicated Pax1 in the formation of this bone. Here we addressed the development of the scapula, firstly, by analysing the relationship between Pax1 expression and chondrogenesis and, secondly, by determining the developmental origin of the scapula using chick quail chimeric analysis. We show the following. (1) The scapula develops in a rostral-to-caudal direction and overt chondrification is preceded by an accumulation of Pax1-expressing cells. (2) The scapular head and neck are of lateral plate mesodermal origin. (3) In contrast, the scapular blade is composed of somitic cells. (4) Unlike the Pax1-positive cells of the vertebral column, which are of sclerotomal origin, the Pax1-positive cells of the scapular blade originate from the dermomyotome. (5) Finally, we show that cells of the scapular blade are organised into spatially restricted domains along its rostrocaudal axis in the same order as the somites from which they originated. Our results imply that the scapular blade is an ossifying muscular insertion rather than an original skeletal element, and that the scapular head and neck are homologous to the 'true coracoid' of higher vertebrates.  (+info)

*Shoulder girdle

While this slightly closes the angle between the clavicle and the scapula, it also widens the shoulder. The scapula can be ... scapula, and coracoid. Some mammalian species (such as the dog and the horse) have only the scapula. The pectoral girdles are ... When the scapula is moved medially it lies in a frontal plane with the glenoid cavity facing directly laterally. At this ... When the scapula is moved laterally it lies in a sagittal plane with the glenoid cavity facing anteriorly. At this position, ...

*Clavicle fracture

The lateral end connects at the acromion of the scapula which is referred to as the acromioclavicular joint. The clavicle forms ... then forming a posterior curve to the acromion of the scapula. The basic method to check for a clavicle fracture is by an X-ray ...

*Brachial plexus

This nerve innervates the serratus anterior, which draws the scapula laterally and is the prime mover in all forward-reaching ... The dorsal scapular nerve comes from the superior trunk and innervates the rhomboid muscles which retract the scapula. The ... "the compression of the fixed brachial plexus between the shoulder pad and the superior medial scapula when the pad is pushed ... long thoracic nerve palsy leading to winging of scapula and elevation of ipsilateral diaphragm due to phrenic nerve palsy. ...

*Scapula

The name scapula might be related that due to existence of the spine of the scapula a concavity exist in the scapula. Otherwise ... In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas; also known as shoulder blade or wing bone) is the bone that connects the ... In classical Latin scapula is only used in its plural scapulae. Although some sources mention that scapulae is used to refer ... The lateral angle of the scapula or glenoid angle also known as the head of the scapula is the thickest part of the scapula. It ...

*Omohyoid muscle

The omohyoid muscle is proximally attached to the scapula and distally attached to the hyoid bone. The omohyoid is innervated ... It arises from the upper border of the scapula, and occasionally from the superior transverse scapular ligament which crosses ... the scapular notch, its extent of attachment to the scapula varying from a few millimetres to 2.5 cm. This muscle has two ...

*Upper extremity of humerus

It is directed upward, medialward, and a little backward, and articulates with the glenoid cavity of the scapula to form the ...

*Winged scapula

A winged scapula (scapula alata) is a skeletal medical condition in which the shoulder blade, or shoulder bone, protrudes from ... A winged scapula is considered normal posture in young children, but not older children and adults. The severity and appearance ... If this occurs, the scapula may slip away from the rib cage, giving it the wing-like appearance on the upper back. This ... The serratus anterior muscle attaches to the medial anterior aspect of the scapula (i.e. it attaches on the side closest to the ...

*Snapping scapula syndrome

The most common surgery for snapping scapula requires the surgeon to "take out a small piece of the upper corner of the scapula ... One source of snapping scapula is when the muscles underneath the scapula (the subscapularis muscle) atrophies. This causes the ... "Snapping Scapula Syndrome." Prolotherapy Information . N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Dec 2011. Kuhne, M, N Boniquit, N Ghodadra, AA Romeo, ... "The snapping scapula: diagnosis and treatment." PubMed. National Center for Biotechnology Information, 25 Nov 2009. Web. 5 Dec ...

*Spine of scapula

Posterior surface of scapula. Root of spine is not labeled. But visible at center right. Left scapula. Posterior view. Root of ... Left scapula seen from behind (spine shown in red). Position of spine (shown in red). Animation. Left scapula seen from behind ... Left scapula. lateral view (spine labeled at upper right). Left scapula. Lateral view (spine shown in red) Surface anatomy of ... The root of the spine of the scapula is the most medial part of the scapular spine. The root of the spine is on a level with ...

*Publius Ostorius Scapula

... was probably the son of Quintus Ostorius Scapula, the first joint commander of the Praetorian Guard ... Publius Ostorius Scapula (died 52) was a Roman statesman and general who governed Britain from 47 until his death, and was ... His son, Marcus Ostorius Scapula, won the corona civica for saving a Roman citizen's life during the fighting. The Iceni ... 41-44 Publius Ostorius Scapula at Roman-Britain.org. ...

*Clavicular facet of scapula

... is small oval facet on the medial border of the acromion for articulation with the acromial facet ... Left scapula. Animation. Clavicular facet shown in red. Medial top view. Clavicular facet shown in red. Posterior view. ...

*Oblique ridges of scapula

The costal or ventral surface of the scapula presents a broad concavity, the subscapular fossa. The medial two-thirds of the ... Costal surface of left scapula. Oblique ridges are visible at the center. Subscapularis muscle (shown in red). Subscapular ...

*Inferior transverse ligament of scapula

The inferior transverse ligament (spinoglenoid ligament) is a weak membranous band, situated behind the neck of the scapula and ...

*Deltoid tubercle of spine of scapula

... is prominence of the spine of scapula. The spine, at lateral to the root of the spine, ... Medial view of left scapula. Deltoid tubercle shown in red. Posterior surface of scapula. Deltoid tubercle is not labeled. But ... Acromion Spine of scapula R.M.H. McMinn "Lasts Anatomy Regional and Applied" Elsevier Australia, 2003. p.129 ISBN 9780729537520 ... Left scapula. Animation. Deltoid tubercle is shown in red. Position of deltoid tubercle (shown in red.) Animation. ...

*Levator scapulae muscle

The fibers concerned with the cranial displacement of the scapula became the levator scapulae. Position of levator scapulae ... As the Latin name suggests, its main function is to lift the scapula. The levator scapulae originates from the posterior ... When the spine is fixed, levator scapulae elevates the scapula and rotates its inferior angle medially. It often works in ... The levator scapulae is supplied by two or three branches of the fourth and fifth cervical nerves, and frequently by a branch ...

*DMOZ - Health: Conditions and Diseases: Neurological Disorders: Peripheral Nervous System: Nerve Compression Syndromes: Winged...

Winging of the Scapula Personal site by Brigid Murray. Includes details of the condition and invites other people to make ... Health Conditions and Diseases Neurological Disorders Peripheral Nervous System Nerve Compression Syndromes Winged Scapula 2 ... Case history and analysis of medical details of child with congenital elevated scapulae. ...

*Trapezius muscle

Its main function is to stabilize and move the scapula. The upper and lower fibres tend to rotate the scapula around the ... which retracts the scapula; and a lower (ascending) part which medially rotates and depresses the scapula. The trapezius muscle ... When the scapulae are stable a co-contraction of both sides can extend the neck. The upper portion of the trapezius can be ... It moves the scapula and supports the arm. The trapezius has three functional parts: an upper (descending) part which supports ...

*Supraglenoid tubercle

Position of supraglenoid tubercle (shown in red). Left scapula. Still image. Left scapula, lateral view. Position of ... The supraglenoid tubercle is a region of the scapula from which the long head of the biceps brachii muscle originates. It is a ...

*Suprascapular notch

Left scapula. Dorsal surface. (Sup. notch visible at top center.) Costal surface of left scapula. Suprascapular notch labeled ... The suprascapular notch (or scapular notch) is a notch in the superior border of the scapula, just medial to the base of the ... Left scapula. Suprascapular notch shown in red. Animation. Suprascapular notch shown in red. ...

*Coracoid process

Left scapula. Coracoid process shown in red. Animation. Coracoid process shown in red. Left scapula. Lateral view. Coracoid ... The coracoid process is a thick curved process attached by a broad base to the upper part of the neck of the scapula; it runs ... This reflect, according to one interpretation, a scapula positioned high on a funnel-shaped thorax and a clavicle positioned ... Gallino, Mario; Santamaria, Eliana; Tiziana, Doro (1998). "Anthropometry of the scapula: Clinical and surgical considerations ...

*Axillary space

Krishna, Garg (2010). "7 - Scapula". BD Chaurasia's Human Anatomy (Regional and Applied Dissection and Clinical) Volume 1 - ...

*Great scapular notch

Left scapula. Great scapular notch shown in red. Animation. Great scapular notch shown in red. This article incorporates text ...

*Infraglenoid tubercle

Left scapula. Infraglenoid tubercle shown in red. Animation. Infraglenoid tubercle shown in red. Lateral view of left scapula. ... Anterior surface of left scapula. Infraglenoid tubercle is "11" Anterior surface of left scapula. Infraglenoid tubercle shown ... The infraglenoid tubercle is a tubercle located on the lateral part of the scapula, inferior to (below) the glenoid cavity. The ... The infraglenoid tubercle is the part of the scapula from which the long head of the triceps brachii originates. ...

*Acromial angle

Left scapula. Animation. Acromial angle is shown in red. Position of acromial angle (shown in red). Animation. Left scapula. ... Medial view of left scapula. Acromional angle shown in red. Acromion Spine of scapula "acromial angle." The American Heritage, ... Acromial angle is prominent bony point at the junction of the lateral border of acromion and the spine of scapula. ...

*Glenoid tubercles

Left scapula. Infraglenoid tubercle shown in red. Lateral view of left scapula. Infraglenoid tubercle shown in red. Animation. ... Position of supraglenoid tubercle (shown in red). Left scapula. Still image. Left scapula, lateral view. Position of ... The glenoid tubercles are two small bony eminences (or tubercles) located above and below the glenoid cavity on the scapula. ... The infraglenoid tubercle is located on the lateral part of the scapula, inferior to (below) the glenoid cavity. The name ...
Continued From Above... amid the medial angle and the triangle smooth surface at the root of the spine.. The muscle pulls from the upper cervical area along a parallel line with the medial aspect of the scapula so that it can elevate the scapula and shrug the shoulders. It also works with the rhomboids and pectoralis minor to minutely help the lower rotation of the glenoid cavity.. In addition, the levator scapulae muscle laterally flexes the neck to the side when the scapula is fixed. The other scapula muscles will work with the levator scapulae to secure the scapula and its corresponding glenoid cavity to strengthen how efficiently and effectively the muscles work in the shoulder joint.. The sternocleidomastoid covers the superior portion of the levator scapula and the trapezius covers the inferior part. The scalenus medius binds the levator scapulae in front and the splenius cervicis in back. In the middle of the levator scapulae, the spinal accessory nerve flows laterally and the dorsal ...
In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas; also known as shoulder blade or wing bone) is the bone that connects the humerus (upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone). Like their connected bones the scapulae are paired, with the scapula on either side of the body being roughly a mirror image of the other. In early Roman times, people thought the bone resembled a trowel, a small shovel. The shoulder blade is also called omo in Latin medical terminology. The scapula forms the back of the shoulder girdle. In humans, it is a flat bone, roughly triangular in shape, placed on a posterolateral aspect of the thoracic cage. The scapula is a wide, flat bone lying on the thoracic wall that provides an attachment for three different groups of muscles. The intrinsic muscles of the scapula include the muscles of the rotator cuff-the subscapularis, teres minor, supraspinatus, and infraspinatus. These muscles attach to the surface of the scapula and are responsible for the internal and external ...
... The scapula is flat and concave on its anterior surface [facies costalis] (fig. 1) so as to fit the convexity of the ribs and while being fixed over them to be moveable as required, as well as to suit it to the muscle [m. subscapularis] (G in the 7th table of muscles, H in the 8th) which fills the entire anterior surface of the scapula and rotates the humerus inside and forward. This concave surface of the scapula is indeed smooth, but it is not even in all places; for next to its lower surface it puts forth certain tubercles (M, M, M in fig. 1) that stand out slightly as oblique lines 49 which make what amount to depressions, as if the ribs of the thorax on which this side of the scapula rests had been pressed into the scapula over time, and the scapula itself had taken on their outline by giving way. For these depressions and prominences appear more in the old than in children and youths, in whom everything protrudes and grows out less ...
Last week we reviewed the "SITS" muscles for the Rotator Cuff, keeping on the theme I felt it would only be appropriate to continue our review on the Shoulder area, therefore this week lets discuss the Scapula Stabilizers. The Scapula is the largest bone in the shoulder girdle, with several muscles that attach, in ideal alignment it is held posteriorly floating against the rib cage by the Rhomboid and Serratus Anterior muscles. The scapula has 6 ranges of movement , elevation, depression , retraction, protraction, upward rotation, downward rotation. Scapula should lay flat against the ribcage without winging, when scapula is winged the stabilizer muscles are not active or connecting in which case they could be injured/weak/ stretched. If you are experiencing winging strengthening your serratus and rhomboid muscles can help stabilize the scapula, reduce winging and pain. The Serratus Anterior protracts (abduction), rotates and stabilizes and the Rhomboids rotate and retract (Adduction). Since ...
The suprascapular nerve (SSN) is a mixed nerve containing both motor and sensory fibers originating from the superior trunk of the brachial plexus (C5 and C6 nerve roots). Often it receives contribution from the C4 nerve root as well. The SSN passes underneath the omohyoid muscle in the posterior triangle of the neck. Then it passes posteriorly towards the scapula together with the omohyoid muscle towards the suprascapular notch. The nerve passes deep to the superior transverse scapular ligament through the scapular foramen into the supraspinous fossa. At the notch, the nerve is next to the suprascapular artery and vein but the vessels pass above the ligament (Figure 1 and 2 ...
The back consists of a variety of layers in the upper and lower portions.. The most superficial muscle of the upper back is the trapezius. This broad muscle extends, flexes, and rotates the head and neck. The levator scapulae attaches the scapula to the upper vertebrae, it elevates the scapula. This muscle tends to get overworked because it can do the job of other muscles. The rhomboids minor and major attach the middle of the scapula to the vertebrae below the levators, they adduct and stabilize the scapula. The supraspinatus, infraspinatus, and teres minor all attach to the scapula and are part of the rotator cuff muscles that move the shoulder.. The deeper muscles support the spine. The erector spinae is a group of three muscles that extend and flex the vertebral column. Even deeper is another group of three muscles that include the semispinalis, multifids, and rotatores. These muscles assist in rotation and extension of the vertebrae.. The lower back is covered by the latissimus dorsi. This ...
A fracture to the shoulder blade is known as a scapula fracture. This injury can often be a result of a car accident resulting from negligence.
The purpose of this study is to contrast and evaluate the functional outcome of patients with operative vs. nonoperative treatment of scapula fractures. The specific aim of this project is to monitor the return to function of patients in both the operative and nonoperative cohorts.. The potential impact is a clearer set of choices in treatment options for this type of injury. ...
A scapular fracture is a fracture of the scapula, the shoulder blade. The scapula is sturdy and located in a protected place, so it rarely breaks. When it does, it is an indication that the individual was subjected to a considerable amount of force and that severe chest trauma may be present. High-speed vehicle accidents are the most common cause. This could be anywhere from a car accident, motorcycle crash, or high speed bicycle crash but falls and blows to the area can also be responsible for the injury. Signs and symptoms are similar to those of other fractures: they include pain, tenderness, and reduced motion of the affected area although symptoms can take a couple of days to appear. Imaging techniques such as X-ray are used to diagnose scapular fracture, but the injury may not be noticed in part because it is so frequently accompanied by other, severe injuries that demand attention. The injuries that usually accompany scapular fracture generally have the greatest impact on the patients ...
Sorry about your topic, beaglebuddy. Guess I blew that to hell, but I think theres a valid and relevant point here, that short of traumatic injury, we should be able to keep our shoulders healthy enough for WSing for many decades. Surprisingly, however, frequent WSing may not do it if and when our rotator cuff/scapula stabilizers age and become lax enough to let the scapula wander from its prescribed position. Its literally the foundation for all our arm motions, and when it wanders, every exertion involving our arms goes to hell in a wide range of pains, weakness, injury, disability, etc. Its important, and fortunately easy and quick, to keep our scapula stabilizers strong. Its tougher to bring them back than to keep them strong in the first place. We should all Google, choose, and use some rotator cuff/scapula stabilizer exercises now for the long haul. Theres no excuse not to, as they are very low-effort, quick, and simple. No sweat, gym clothes, huffing or puffing, or special equipment ...
BACKGROUND: Scapular fractures have been traditionally taught to be associated with significant injuries and major morbidity. As we demonstrated with sternal fracture, pulmonary contusion and rib fracture, increased chest CT utilization and head-to-pelvis CT (pan-scan) protocols in blunt trauma evaluation, however, may diagnose minor, clinically irrelevant scapular fractures, possibly rendering previous teachings obsolete. OBJECTIVES: To determine the 1) percentages of scapular fractures seen on chest CT only (SOCTO) versus seen on both CXR and CT and of isolated scapular fracture (scapular fracture without other thoracic injuries), 2) frequencies of associated thoracic injury with scapular fracture, and 3) proportion of patients admitted, mortality, hospital length of stay, and injury severity scores (ISS), comparing four patient groups: scapular fracture, non-scapular fracture, scapular fracture SOCTO, and isolated scapular fracture ...
BACKGROUND: Scapular fractures have been traditionally taught to be associated with significant injuries and major morbidity. As we demonstrated with sternal fracture, pulmonary contusion and rib fracture, increased chest CT utilization and head-to-pelvis CT (pan-scan) protocols in blunt trauma evaluation, however, may diagnose minor, clinically irrelevant scapular fractures, possibly rendering previous teachings obsolete. OBJECTIVES: To determine the 1) percentages of scapular fractures seen on chest CT only (SOCTO) versus seen on both CXR and CT and of isolated scapular fracture (scapular fracture without other thoracic injuries), 2) frequencies of associated thoracic injury with scapular fracture, and 3) proportion of patients admitted, mortality, hospital length of stay, and injury severity scores (ISS), comparing four patient groups: scapular fracture, non-scapular fracture, scapular fracture SOCTO, and isolated scapular fracture ...
Acknowledgement: Portions of the Examination section of this paper were taken and modified with permission from McClure P, Greenberg E, Kareha S. Evaluation and management of scapular dysfunction. Sports Med Arthrosc 2012;20:39-48.. The goal of scapular assessment is to identify abnormal scapular motion (dyskinesis), determine any relationship between altered motion and symptoms and identify the underlying causative factors of the movement dysfunction.11 ,31 ,104 Clinical assessment of scapular dyskinesis is inherently challenging due to the three-dimensional nature of scapular movement and soft tissue surrounding the scapula obscuring direct measurement of bony positioning. Several methods of identifying scapular dyskinesis have been described; although many of these tests have been shown to possess adequate levels of reliability, the validity of most tests remains questionable due to a lack of direct correlation with symptoms.11 ,12 Clinical evaluation of scapular dysfunction in patients ...
Author: Warren Hammer. Title: Suprascapular Nerve Entrapment. Summary: It is important to be aware of neuropathy involving the suprascapular nerve. While direct trauma to the suprascapular nerve is the usual cause (direct blow to the base...
A glenoid component for securement to a glenoid surface of a scapula so as to provide a bearing surface for a head portion of a humerus includes a body having a first surface configured to contact the glenoid surface of the scapula and a second surface configured to receive the head portion of the humerus. The glenoid component also includes an interruption such as a buttress extending from the body. The interruption is configured to be received in a like-configured notch formed in the glenoid surface of the scapula. The interruption helps prevent movement of the glenoid component relative to the glenoid surface of the scapula after implant. The body also may include anchoring extending from the body for penetrating the glenoid surface of the scapula so as to help secure the body to the glenoid surface of the scapula. The glenoid component is used in one application to help correct bone defects and in another application for wear. A method of securing the glenoid component to a glenoid surface of a
On various lizard skeletons you see what appears to be a second story addition to the scapula. Now is this a less-ossified portion of the original scapula? Or is it a novel extension of the the original scapula? And finally, do we see it anywhere else but among the squamates? David Peters St. Louis ...
0003] The scapula, commonly known as the "shoulder blade", is a flat, triangular bone that lies over the back of the upper ribs. A left scapula 100 is depicted in anterior, posterior, and left side views in FIGS. 1A, 1B, and 1C, respectively. The posterior surface of the scapula 100 can be readily felt through a patients skin. The scapula 100 serves as an attachment point for some of the muscles and tendons of the arm, neck, chest, and back, and aids in the movements of the arm and shoulder. The scapula 100 is also well padded with muscle, so that great force is required to fracture it. The rear surface of each scapula 100 is divided into unequal portions by a spine 102. This spine 102 leads to a head 104, which bears two processes--the acromion process 106 that forms the tip of the shoulder and a coracoid process 108 that curves forward and down below the clavicle (collarbone, not shown). The acromion process 106 joins the clavicle and provides attachments for muscles of the arm and chest ...
The rate of scapular fracture in this series was 3.1%. Fractures occurred from 1 to 94 months postoperatively. Fracture patients had inferior clinical outcomes. In this study the outcomes were not significantly different for acromial and scapular spine fractures. The revision rate was higher in the fracture group (8% vs 2%). Only 10 of 18 fractures (55%) with greater than 1 year of radiographic follow-up showed osseous union of the fracture. The union rate was 57% (8 of 14) for acromial fractures and 50% (2 of 4) for scapular spine fractures ...
Pectoral Girdle Anatomy Bones Muscles Function Diagram Pectoral Girdle Muscles Pectoral Girdle Muscles Anatomy Chart Muscles That Position The Pectoral Girdle Anterior, Muscles Of The Pectoral Girdle Purposegames Pectoral Girdle Muscles, Pectoral Girdle Anatomy Bones Muscles Function Diagram Pectoral Girdle Muscles, Pectoral Girdle Anatomy Bones Muscles Function Diagram Pectoral Girdle Muscles, ...
Elastofibroma is a rarely diagnosed benign fibroproliferative lesion which occurs most commonly in the periscapular region of middle aged to elderly women.1 Recognition of the lesion is important as the differential diagnosis includes other benign and also malignant tumours. We report a case of elastofibroma in a patient who presented with shoulder pain to a rheumatology clinic, and review previous publications. Although elastofibroma is uncommon, it has received attention in radiological and orthopaedic publications but not in rheumatology published reports.. A 43 year old Turkish woman, previously fit and healthy, was referred to our outpatient clinic with a two year history of right shoulder pain. The pain was described as a dull ache of gradual onset, around the posterior aspect of the shoulder over the scapula, which was worse on movement of the arm. There was no weakness. Over the preceding four months the patient had noticed a swelling below the inferior angle of the right scapula which ...
The scapula is a flat, triangular bone with three borders, three angles, two surfaces, and prominent processes. The borders are identified as the medial or vertebral border, the lateral or axillary border, and the superior border. The angles or corners of the triangular scapula are named the superior, inferior, and lateral angles. The superior and inferior angles are at the ends of the medial border. The lateral angle and border give rise to the prominent process of the scapula and thus compose the greatest mass and weight of the scapula. The broadened end of the lateral angle supports the shallow glenoid fossa, which is deepened by the attachment of the fibrocartilaginous glenoid labrum and receives the humeral head. Medial to the glenoid fossa is the coracoid process, which projects laterally and anteriorly. ...
The shoulder blade itself (scapula) is the largest bone in your shoulder and has the greatest number of muscles attached to it. Each muscle works together to enable you to move your arm in different directions. If any individual muscle fails to work correctly, it can lead to dysrhythmia, which is a break in the rhythmic motion of your shoulder blade. This can prevent the muscles from supporting your shoulder blade properly and lead to a winging of your scapula ...
Right Pectoral Shoulder Girdle Bones Of The Pectoral Girdle Pectoral Girdle Anatomy Bones Muscles Function Diagram Bones Of The Pectoral Girdle, Pectoral Girdle Fractures Clinical Gate Bones Of The Pectoral Girdle, Senior Class Ap Help Guides Physiology Worksheet Bones Of The Bones Of The Pectoral Girdle, Right Pectoral Shoulder Girdle Bones Of The Pectoral Girdle, ...
Your scapulas, or shoulder blades, are a crucial component to good posture. The muscles around the scapulas help stabilize them, giving you an overall appearance of having broader collar bones and more relaxed shoulders.
This webcomic was suggested to me by none other than the creator himself. There are several reasons to take a peak, some of which I will convey to you in webcomic review format:. The story of Scapula follows the mis-begotten adventures of a would-be villain, who is foiled by the universe as he attempts to make a name for himself in the seedy underworld of evil-doers. Theres something oh so entertaining about rooting for the underdog, when you know very well that the underdog in this scenario is actually really terrible (or at least trying to be). All of Scapulas evil associates have their own quirky personalities, which have developed nicely throughout the course of the archive.. Im not quite sure why, but aesthetically, the strips remind me of newspaper cartoons of yesteryear, but with a slightly more web-friendly gleam. Not a bad thing by any means, and character expressions are usually over-the-top with detail. Scenes are well constructed, though there is a tendency towards lots of text, ...
... - Another character from Steampunk Softies. This is Ferris Scapula. He is really quick to make and only takes a few hours.
Kumar, V.P., Satku, K., Herscovici Jr., D. (1993). Fractures of clavicle and scapular neck [5]. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series B 75 (3) : 509-. [email protected] Repository ...
Superior medial border of right scapula (Levator Scapula/Rhomboid area). Change of the patients condition during and after session:. Prior to session patient shoulder were tight, ability to rotate neck restricted and sinuses had pressure, also a point of pain at superior medial border of right scapula (LScap/Rhomboids). Post session trapezius muscle softened, shoulders dropped in a relaxation response, neck turned freely, pain was totally eliminated and sinus pressure was diminished, and breathing was non-labored. Patient noted, "Now I can breathe though my nose". Lower back pain was eliminated in earlier sessions not using the Slider.. Total number of sessions: With 735AG Slider - 2; with DOVE and/or 735AG Modific - 3-4 times per month.. Total time of treatment (days, weeks): About 30-35 sessions (uses SC as she needs to when bringing in her son for therapy). Final result of treatment:. Upper back (rhomboid) pain, neck tightness and sinus congestion is always eliminated during the session. ...
Activation Drills. When it comes to shoulder positioning, theres an invisible tug-of-war going on, which greatly affects our injury risk. According to Shirley Sahrmann, the levator scapulae and rhomboids are constantly trying to downwardly rotate the scapulae, while the lower traps, upper traps, and serratus anterior are battling back in an attempt to rotate them upwards.. Unfortunately, bad posture and poor exercise programming is helping most peoples rhomboids and levator scapulae win the tug-of-war, leading to downwardly rotated scapulae. Suffice to say that this isnt the position you want your shoulders to be in when youre doing any kind of overhead work.. Push-up Plus. This drill activates your serratus and combats downward scapular rotation. To perform this movement, place your hands shoulder-width apart, allowing your shoulder blades to glide along your body until they come together in the back.. Be sure not to bend your elbows: the movement should come only from your scapulae. From ...
Muscle fatigue and shoulder pain are commonly reported in manual laborers whose job requires repetitive hand use at or above shoulder level. Fatigue of the shoulder girdle musculature may result in altered kinematics of the shoulder complex (McQuade, 1998), which could lead to the development of abnormal forces and stresses being placed upon the tissues associated with the shoulder girdle. The pur
A collection of disease information resources and questions answered by our Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Specialists for Sprengel deformity
PATIENT PRESENTATION A 19-year-old male semi-professional tennis player presents with a chief complaint of a grinding sensation when he moves his right shoulder, especially with overhead and reaching motions. Other symptoms include pain in the lateral and anterior shoulder and crepitus about the scapula. The patients primary concern is that his tennis serve is limited due to the grinding and posterior shoulder pain.. Examination reveals significant scapular protraction and increased thoracic kyphosis (combination of structural and postural), positive impingement test on the right, muscle weakness of the serratus anterior, middle and lower trapezius as well as gross weakness of the rotator cuff musculature. Examination of flexibility reveals shortening of anterior chest musculature, especially pectoralis minor on the right. Joint mobility of the thoracic spine is moderately hypomobile, and the glenohumeral (GH) joint is mildly limited in inferior glide and moderately limited in posterior glide. ...
Tlic infraspinatus nniscle arises from the anterior portion of the lateral sin-face of the scapula and can bo easily traced to its insertion into the great tuberosity of the humerus. The teres minor cannot be separated from it. The supraspinal us muscle arises from the anterior thickened border of the scapula and passes to the great tuberosity of the humerus. The suhscapularis muscle occupies the central portion of the median surface of the scapula. It is separated from the teres major. It passes beneath coracoid process to the lesser tuberosity of the humerus. The triceps muscle is easily traced from its origin by the three heads to its insertion into the olecranon process. The three heads are quite easily distinguished. The long head is smaller in proportion than in the adult. The biceps muscle is more elongated and shows more of a separation of its two heads than in embryo CIX. The long head still arises from the base of the coracoid process. The two heads join about the middle of the humerus ...
article{7003044, abstract = {Purpose: Successful total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) requires a correct position of the glenoid component. This study compares the accuracy of the positioning with a new developed glenoid aiming device and virtual three-dimensional computed tomography (3D-CT) scan positioning. Materials and Methods: On 39 scapulas from cadavers, a K-wire (KDev) was positioned using the glenoid aiming device. It consists of glenoid components connected to the aiming device, which cover 150 degrees of the inferior glenoid circle, has a fixed version and inclination and is available with several different radii. The aiming device is stabilized at the most medial scapular point. The K-wire is drilled from the center of the glenoid component to this most medial point. All scapulas were also scanned with CT and 3D reconstructed. A virtual K-wire (Kct) was positioned in the center of the glenoid and in the scapular plane. Several parameters were compared. Radius of the chosen glenoid ...
We present a three dimensional (3D) morphometric modelling study of the scapulae of Felidae, with a focus on the correlations between forelimb postures and extracted scapular shape variations. Our shape modelling results indicate that the scapular infraspinous fossa becomes larger and relatively broader along the craniocaudal axis in larger felids. We infer that this enlargement of the scapular fossa may be a size-related specialization for postural support of the shoulder joint ...
The caudal series is incompletely preserved, although five caudal vertebrae are preserved in articulation posterior to the pelvis. A short rod-like chevron is associated with the most cranial of these vertebrae. The caudals are short and small, with short, flat transverse processes and apparently procoelous intercentral articulations. Near the right femur are a few more isolated caudals. One of them appears to be larger than the others and might possibly represent the pygostyle. Based on the morphology of the preserved caudals, it is probable that Zhongjianornis has only a short caudal series, although the presence of a pygostyle is questionable (figure 5a).. The left scapula is well preserved and articulates with the coracoid at an acute angle, while the left scapula and coracoid are more or less covered by the furcula and right coracoid (figure 4b). The elongate scapula is nearly as long as the humerus, with a curved and distally tapering shaft. The coracoid is also elongated and is a ...
As sports contracts soar in value and the availability of new technologies increases, it seems our perceptions of solving injuries changes rapidly as well. For example, 20 years ago, physicians and therapists were prescribing rotator cuff isolated movements as the solution to most upper extremity issues. A decade ago, focus shifted to the shoulder blades, the scapula, as the critical foundation for preventing any arm injuries. Only recently, has the scapular strengthening programs come under question to suggest something even further down the chain, the thoracic spine. But we believe all dysfunction begins even lower down the chain, at the foot-ground interaction (GRF), and shoulder pain is no exception to this rule (see Sparta Point). But if youre taking care of your movement signatureTM and addressing the best lower body mechanics already, what is the best daily complex to address shoulder pain ...
Adults age 18 or over with severe intractable chronic shoulder pain subsequent to stroke will be included. Pain relief will be measured after using StimRouter stimulation therapy targeting the axillary nerve. Existing/pre-study pain medications must be either maintained, reduced throughout the trial.. Study Design is prospective, multi-center and will include 50 subjects The primary endpoint will be a clinically relevant pain reduction (30%) in pain score at 3 months after initiating stimulation in at least 50% of patients with no increase in pain medication.. Primary Outcomes: Reduction of average pain at rest measured by numeric scale (BPI-SF5). Secondary Outcomes. ...
About 7 weeks ago I woke up with a really sharp stabbing pain behind my left scapula. At first I thought I slept on it wrong. I took a bad fall down some stairs about 4 months ago, but did not have a...
The scapula, also called the shouder blade, is either of two large, roughly triangular flat bones found on either side of the upper back, and forming part of the pectoral girdle.
Infraspinatus Muscle Figs. 19.32,19.33 Origin Infraspinous fossa of the scapula insertion Greater tubercle of the humerus middle facet Outward rotation of the
Anatomy. What parts of the shoulder are involved?. The bones of the shoulder are the humerus (the upper arm bone), the scapula (the shoulder blade), and the clavicle (the collar bone). The roof of the shoulder is formed by a part of the scapula called the acromion. The shoulder joint is also called the glenohumeral joint. One of the bones of the glenohumeral joint is the humerus (the long bone of the upper arm). It has a ball, called the humeral head on the top end. The humeral head fits into a small, shallow cup called the glenoid fossa. It makes up the other part of the glenohumeral joint. The glenoid fossa is part of the shoulder blade. A large ligament runs from the front of the acromion to another part of the shoulder blade called the coracoid process. This ligament is called thecoracoacromial ligament. It adds stability to the front of the shoulder.. The rotator cuff is made up of tough, fibrous tissue. It forms a cuff (or capsule) covering the shoulder joint. There are four tendons that ...
The scapula or (shoulder blade or shoulder bone) are either of two flat triangular bones one on each side of the shoulder in human beings.
Question - Poping and unstable shoulder, scapula moves. How would it be known if infraspanantis muscle are torn?. Ask a Doctor about when and why Magnetic resonance imaging is advised, Ask an Orthopaedic Surgeon
Question - Sudden pain in upper back, scapula. Chest X-ray normal, advised ibuprofen. have gallstone pain also. Suggest?. Ask a Doctor about diagnosis, treatment and medication for Gall bladder calculus, Ask an Orthopaedic Surgeon
Need help with your Occupational Therapy Assistant homework? Learners study the muscles of the scapula and check their knowledge on each page by identifying the muscles on diagrams and answering a related question about movement.
Help! since i got up today, I have had this incredibly constant and sharp pain under my left wing (scapula?) I only - Answered by a verified Health Professional
Im reading Ian Kings deadlifting tips from the link below. Im confused about the scapula position. Is it not suppose to be pulled together? Rather I should have no tension on it? Basically it should be in its normal state. http://www.t-nation.com/findArticle.do?article=39power
Exercising your Levator Scapulae will help to prevent back and neck pain, so why not take a minute to watch this video and learn a quick and easy stretch that will strengthen and loosen your muscles.
the reputed author of a Greek Lexicon, studied first at Lausanne, but has his name recorded in the annals of literature, neither on account of his talents and learning, nor for his virtuous industry, but for a gross act of disingenuity and fraud which he committed against an eminent literary character of the sixteenth century. Being employed by Henry Stephens, the celebrated printer, as a corrector to his press, while he was publishing his "Thesaurus Linguee Groecoe," Scapula extracted those words and explications which he reckoned most useful, comprised them in one volume, and published them as an original work, with his own name. The compilation and printing of the Thesaurus had cost Stephens immense labour and expence; but it was so much admired by the learned men to whom he had shown it, and seemed to be of such essential importance to the acquisition of the Greek language, that he reasonably hoped his labour would be crowned with honour, and that the money he had expended would be repaid by ...
They come in a wide variety of colors - red, brown, green...and today we look at the history and spirituality of scapulae. We also have some interesting news in the world of Catholic media and I make some suggestions for learning more about the history of the Catholic Church ...
Explore well-designed Womens Accessories from amazing designers and shop the Scapula Tote Firebrick by Jack Germain on Fab.com today.
elfuinha - you mentioned that you will be pairing with the Lightweight Meilenstein soon. When I bought my Meilenstein Obermayers (and another pair of Lightweight Fernweg), there was a note from Lightweight that special LW brake blocks designed for the Scapula F-Mielenstein combo should be used because the rim design is different. These are different from the normal Lightweight brake blocks (which can be used for the current Lightweight Gen 3 ...
Can you name the scapula Test your knowledge on this science quiz to see how you do and compare your score to others. Quiz by beastmode123
Can you name the Features of the scapula? Test your knowledge on this science quiz to see how you do and compare your score to others. Quiz by mandydooda
Click here for Coracoid process pictures! You can also find pictures of Common hepatic duct, Coronal suture, Coronary artery of heart.
Find the best arthroscopic glenoid labrum repair doctors in Bangalore. Get guidance from medical experts to select arthroscopic glenoid labrum repair specialist in Bangalore from trusted hospitals - credihealth.com
Author: Kevin Hearon. Title: The Shoulder Girdles Importance to the Cervical Spine. Summary: The shoulder girdle consists of three bones: the clavicle, scapula and humerus. It is suspended at its posterior margins from the cervical and...
There are very few muscles in the body whose functionality is as important as the lats. Because it connects the thoracolumbar fascia to the humerus, inhibition of the latissimus dorsi can cause compensations in the neck, shoulder, elbow, lower back, and gait. This article will detail these compensation patterns and how to resolve them. This information is important for all massage therapists, Pilates instructors, personal trainers, physical therapists, etc. because inhibition of a muscle that is centrally located causes global responses. Understanding how these patterns are formed and relate to each other is essential in resolving long-standing and difficult presentations.. First, lets start with the neck and shoulder. The lat via its attachment to the humerus is capable of scapular depression. It is opposed by the elevators of the scapula including the upper trapezius and the levator scapula. After palpating tight spots in the neck extensors, upper traps, and levator scapula I will then test ...
Following the objective examination, manual treatment included a supine thoracic manipulation, Grade IV CT junction mobilizations, IASTM to the left upper trapezius and scalene muscles, and active assistive sidelying scapular upward rotation. Following the OPTIM treatment paradigm, the manual interventions were followed with corrective exercises. These included seated upper trapezius shrugs (with arms resting on a pillow), serratus anterior presses with the shoulders at 90 degrees, and seated chin tucks with upper thoracic extension. We attempted ulnar nerve tensioners, but I did not feel comfortable prescribing them as part of his HEP. The patient was given education on chronic pain (told to watch understanding pain is less than 5 minutes and the Lorimer Mosely TEDx Talk) and ergonomic set-up. Following the treatment session, the patients upper limb tension test had improved by nearly 40 degrees ...
3. Severe lower back pain is scary; just ask Mrs P. Just watching her get out of the car I she was in trouble; she had a slipped disc at L4 making her lean towards the opposite side; luckily she had no pain in the leg. Despite family pressure that this was far too severe for a chiropractor, she persevered. Within five days she was standing upright, and after two weeks almost painfree. Despite a hectic job, she wisely took my advice and stayed home for what I call exercising bed rest ...
By: Chris Gellert, PT, MMusc & Sportsphysio, MPT, CSCS, AMS. The shoulder is one of the most vulnerable joints in the body due to its vast range of motion and complexity. It is a complex ball and socket joint, uniquely comprised of various connective tissue, supporting structures, including muscles. It is an important joint because functionally, it is involved in most daily and sport activities, such as reaching, lifting, carrying and throwing a ball. Knowledge of the biomechanics of the shoulder can help you with training and aiding in rehabilitation of the shoulder and related injuries.. The shoulder complex involves coordinated movements between the humerus bone and the scapula. The scapula, clavicle, and humerus serve as attachments for most of the muscles in the shoulder. The shoulder is comprised of four primary joints:. ...
By: Chris Gellert, PT, MMusc & Sportsphysio, MPT, CSCS, AMS. The shoulder is one of the most vulnerable joints in the body due to its vast range of motion and complexity. It is a complex ball and socket joint, uniquely comprised of various connective tissue, supporting structures, including muscles. It is an important joint because functionally, it is involved in most daily and sport activities, such as reaching, lifting, carrying and throwing a ball. Knowledge of the biomechanics of the shoulder can help you with training and aiding in rehabilitation of the shoulder and related injuries.. The shoulder complex involves coordinated movements between the humerus bone and the scapula. The scapula, clavicle, and humerus serve as attachments for most of the muscles in the shoulder. The shoulder is comprised of four primary joints:. ...
The fore limbs of the quadruped are weight bearing, and so differ from the fore limbs of a biped. The quadruped has an elongated scapula that lies alongside the rib cage, while the scapula of the biped lies behind the rib cage. The clavicle (collar bone) is usually small, or completely absent, and the fore limb is only attached to the body by muscle. The scapula usually slopes forward and meets the humerus at the "point of the shoulder". The "point of the shoulder" is another useful landmark for animal anatomy. The humerus slopes backwards and meets the radius/ulna at the elbow. The radius and ulna are often fused in quadrupeds, which means they cannot rotate their "hands" like humans can. The elbow joint is usually close to the bottom of the rib cage, with the radius/ulna perpendicular to the ground. At the lower end of the radius/ulna is the "knee" joint (the human "wrist"). This joint is usually higher (closer to the body) in herbivores, and lower (closer to the ground) in carnivores ...
Figure 10: Intraoperative photographs demonstrating the scapular fracture before (a) and after (b) reduction using a 4 mm Shantz pin and two point-to-point clamps ...
This isnt to say that you should give up on expandables. The more I shoot these new expandables, the more I am impressed with their performance. It is really hard to argue with 2-plus inch entry and exit wounds. I shot a buck in Minnesota this fall while filming a TV show with Chris Hermans, and was absolutely amazed that the 2-blade Rage Titanium I was shooting actually severed the bucks radial bone (the bone that connects to the scapula). It literally cut the bone in half before hitting the heart and exiting the other side. Im shooting 65 pounds of draw weight this year. Would I have had that same performance had I hit him in the scapula? Probably not. The scapula is there for a reason - to protect the deer.. Im curious to hear from the rest of you. What has and has not worked for you? ...
As noted above, the lattisimus dorsi muscle has a strong action in adduction of the humerus. Whenever we have our hands above our head, as with seated pulldowns or while doing pull-ups, due to the upward rotation of the scapula that accompanies glenohumeral abduction, the latissimus dorsi effectively downwardly rotates the scapula by pulling the entire shoulder girdle downward in active glenohumeral adduction. Since it is one of the most important extensor muscles of the humerus, it contracts powerfully in chinning and supinated pull-downs. Therefore, any exercise in which the arms are pulled down bring the latissimus dorsi into a full contraction. Basic rowing and pullover exercises with dumbbells or barbells are also good for latissimus dorsi development ...
Coracoid definition, pertaining to the bone that in reptiles, birds, and monotremes articulates with the scapula and the sternum and that in humans and other higher mammals is a reduced bony process of the scapula having no connection with the sternum. See more.
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Flat bones provide protection to vital organs. As the name suggests, they are mostly flat and curved, having a thin plate-like formation. They contain a layer of spongy bone covered by a thin layer of compact bone. Some flat bones contain irregular structures. For example, the scapula bone is a flat bone, but it contains a spine, acromion, and coracoid process that make it appear somewhat irregular.. There are 36 flat bones in the adult skeleton, including some skull bones, as well as the sternum and ribs:. Flat Skull Bones:. ...
Functionally Fit: Wall Slide Shrugs, As I mentioned in the previous two columns, impaired movement of the scapula places more stress on the glenohumeral joint. Dysfunctional movement is common with shoulder pain and impingement. Another dysfunction you may encounter is a downwardly rotated scapula.If upward rotation is limited, a client will display excessive shoulder flexion above 90 degrees when the humerus is in maximal internal rotation
A glenoid component affixed to a glenoid bone having an end surface and an outer side surface, the glenoid component being engageable by a humeral part. The glenoid component includes a tray portion for overlying the end surface (articulating surface) of the glenoid bone. The tray portion has an outer major side surface for engagement with the humeral part and an outer periphery. A first tab extends axially from the outer periphery of the tray portion for engagement with the posterior outer side surface of the glenoid bone. A second tab extends axially from the outer periphery of the tray portion for engagement with the anterior outer side surface of the glenoid bone. The tabs fix the glenoid component in place on the glenoid bone.
Tightness of the muscles acting on the scapula can be a source of shoulder pain in stroke survivors. Safe and pain free mobilization of the scapula begins with elevation. Observe Jan Davis demonstrate clear and effective step-by-step handling methods
A glenoid component used for shoulder arthroplasty is adapted to be implanted into a scapula and engaged by a head of a humeral component. The glenoid component includes a body having a first articulating surface and a second medial surface opposite to the first articulating surface. The first articulating surface is adapted to engage with a humeral head. A plurality of removable fixed pegs each have a first end adapted to engage a cavity formed in the scapula and a second end extending from the medial surface. A central peg fixation mechanism is provided that is configured to couple an optional central fixation peg to the medial surface.
Elastofibroma is usually located in the lower subscapular area and is probably caused by friction between the inferior edge of the scapula and the underlying chest wall. Cases have also been reported in the deltoid muscle, hip, thigh and stomach.. Histologically, the lesion is characterized by an admixture of collagenous fibrous bands and elastic fibres. Elastic stains (like Verhoeff-Van Gieson) reveal branched or unbranched fibres with irregular serrated margins or fibres arranged in globoid aggregates ...
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BACKGROUND: Dental hygienists suffer a high incidence of shoulder pathology that seems to increase with job longevity. It has been hypothesized that occupational injuries could be due to local muscle fatigue caused by repetitive low level work and awkward and constrained working postures. In the laboratory, scapular kinematics can be temporarily altered using fatiguing protocols. It is unknown whe
The levator scapulae muscle is an elongated muscle present in the shoulder girdle. It acts as a connection between the upper limb and the vertebral column and can be located in the posterior triangle of the neck. Sternocleidomastoid covers the superior aspect of the levator scapulae whereas its ...
Sit comfortably in an upright position. Place your right hand under your right hip for stabilization. Lift your left arm and place your left palm over the top and right side of your head. Your left fingers point toward the floor.. Next, using the weight of your left arm, gently stretch your head downward toward your left shoulder. Youll feel the stretch in the right side of your neck. Relax and return to the starting position.. Next, rotate your head 45 degrees to the left. Place your left palm over the top of your head with your fingers at the back of your head. Using the weight of your left arm, gently stretch your head and neck downward. Youll feel the stretch in the back of your neck. Relax and return to the starting position.. Repeat on the other side. Place your left hand under your left hip for stabilization. Lift your right arm and place your right palm over the top and left side of your head. Your right fingers point toward the floor.. Next, using the weight of your right arm, gently ...
Sit comfortably in an upright position. Place your right hand under your right hip for stabilization. Lift your left arm and place your left palm over the top and right side of your head. Your left fingers point toward the floor.. Next, using the weight of your left arm, gently stretch your head downward toward your left shoulder. Youll feel the stretch in the right side of your neck. Relax and return to the starting position.. Next, rotate your head 45 degrees to the left. Place your left palm over the top of your head with your fingers at the back of your head. Using the weight of your left arm, gently stretch your head and neck downward. Youll feel the stretch in the back of your neck. Relax and return to the starting position.. Repeat on the other side. Place your left hand under your left hip for stabilization. Lift your right arm and place your right palm over the top and left side of your head. Your right fingers point toward the floor.. Next, using the weight of your right arm, gently ...
Sit comfortably in an upright position. Place your right hand under your right hip for stabilization. Lift your left arm and place your left palm over the top and right side of your head. Your left fingers point toward the floor.. Next, using the weight of your left arm, gently stretch your head downward toward your left shoulder. Youll feel the stretch in the right side of your neck. Relax and return to the starting position.. Next, rotate your head 45 degrees to the left. Place your left palm over the top of your head with your fingers at the back of your head. Using the weight of your left arm, gently stretch your head and neck downward. Youll feel the stretch in the back of your neck. Relax and return to the starting position.. Repeat on the other side. Place your left hand under your left hip for stabilization. Lift your right arm and place your right palm over the top and left side of your head. Your right fingers point toward the floor.. Next, using the weight of your right arm, gently ...
The round head portion sits in the glenoid - more on than in as the glenoid of the scapula is rather shallow.. Vertically in front is an obvious furrow sitting between two bumps. The furrow houses the biceps tendon which passes over the humeral head to attach to the top of the glenoid. See? Tension in the biceps tenses a band (the tendon) above the head of the shoulder joint that assists keeping the head from slipping upward when lifting tension is strong.. The opposite muscle from the biceps is the triceps. It attaches to the bottom of the glenoid. A pattern emerges. Combined tension of pairs of muscle stabilize the joint.. The two bumps are handles for shoulder muscles, enhancing their leverage. The deep plane muscles of the shoulder attach with tendons that essentially join side by side into one continuous cuff - the rotator cuff. The forward surface of the scapula (near the ribs) is covered by the subscapularis which has forward attachment on the humerus just to the inner side of the lesser ...
The TVA is very misunderstood. Infact I believe muscles in general are. A muscles function in isolation can be very different from its function in integration. A good example - getting away from TVA for a second - is the Serratus Anterior. A common way to isolate it is to abduct the scapula (scap push ups) but in integration, it holds to the scap tight against the rib cage. Now, we know that SA function is crucial for shoulder health. Therefore, to me, when people recommend drawing in to focus on activating the TVA, its exactly the same as someone telling you to fully abduct the scapula to get optimal stability in the shoulder joint which, if you imagine that, is just ridiculous ...
A broken shoulder blade generally requires medical care. Causes of a broken shoulder blade include sports injuries or trauma (car accidents).
Teaching Files with CT Medical Imaging and case studies on Anatomical Regions including Adrenal, Colon, Cardiac, Stomach, Pediatric, Spleen, Vascular, Kidney, Small Bowel, Liver, Chest | CTisus
Teaching Files with CT Medical Imaging and case studies on Anatomical Regions including Adrenal, Colon, Cardiac, Stomach, Pediatric, Spleen, Vascular, Kidney, Small Bowel, Liver, Chest | CTisus
So where does Oryctodromeus figure in all this? Well surprisingly not that close to any of the other groups mainly due to a ventral expansion along the posterior border of the scapula blade. The authors hypothesise that since this is the attachment site for the deltoideus muscle there is a chance that this can be seen as an adaption for digging since extant mammals that burrow today use that very same muscle. I asked the other question that has bugged the burrowing dinosaur theory - was there enough flexibility in the tail for the animal to be able to turn in such a tight area? Jamie Fearon believes that there probably was although she took great pains to point out they were only looking at the forelimb in this current study. ...
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I am having a very difficult time with my right arm. I really thought we had the answer last summer when the surgeon did the partial removal of my shoulder blade. But I started having a nerve problem in October. I have had numerous tests and scans that do not show the problem. The shoulder dropped again and the shoulder blade is winging out. If you are not familiar with scapula winging it is when the scapula lifts off of the back and sticks out perpendicular. It causes extreme weaknesses in
3T (Siemens Verio) using a shoulder coil. Image 1: Axial T2-weighted sequence with fat saturation using BLADE option for motion correction (TR/TE 3780/70 ms, slice thickness 3 mm, scan time 4 min 10 sec); Image 2: Coronal T2-weighted sequence with fat saturation using BLADE option for motion correction (TR/TE 4620/86 ms, slice thickness 3 mm, scan time 2 min 42 sec).. Imaging Findings: ...
Last week I had two good workouts and one horrible one, the horrible one being squats. I didnt even finish the workout, I couldnt do it, my body wasnt cooperating at all. The rest of the week was bad, my body was tighter than it had been in a long time and I was even more uncomfortable than usual. Come the weekend and I am doing my stretches and things start to mesh! Suddenly I am able to get into my glute muscles and actually work them, and they were angry! In the period of about 2 hours I got my glutes to relax, them my abs started to relax, then I got to feel my diaphragm for the first time in my life! I was super excited at this point but kept on working! My ribs started to open and I was able to move more naturally, then I got my scapula to release and separate from the sub-scapula and for the first time in my life, my shoulders fully externally rotated as my scapula got out of the way, instead of being stuck down to my body and preventing the proper range of motion ...
Several hours after he had installed ceramic tile, a 33- year-old man experienced muscle spasms and felt pressure in his right shoulder. He denied previous injury to the area. 1
Mr Ali Noorani and colleagues continue our series with the case of a middle-aged man who presented to his GP with severe pain in the left shoulder.
Diagnosis Code S43.31 information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
Osteoporosis and Fractures: The majority of people with SCI develop osteoporosis. In people without SCI, the bones are kept strong through regular muscle activity or by bearing weight. When muscle activity is decreased or eliminated and the legs no longer bear the bodys weight, they begin to lose calcium and phosphorus and become weak and brittle. It generally takes some time for osteoporosis to occur. In people who use standing frames or braces, osteoporosis is less of a problem. Generally, though, 2-t years following SCI some degree of bone loss will occur ...
Diagnosis Code S43.313S information, including descriptions, synonyms, code edits, diagnostic related groups, ICD-9 conversion and references to the diseases index.
The two rhomboid muscles extend as parallel bands from the spines of the vertebrae to the scapula. They pull the scapula upward and backward, and help to rotate it.
A child is one of the most important family members. Parents always pay great attention to the growth of their baby. Especially bone skeleton development is one of the parents ...
Viewed posteriorly the right kidney has its upper edge opposite the 11th dorsal spine and the lower edge of the 11th rib. Its lower edge is ...
A simple record of mineralized Mammal bones and older fossils and minerals, excavated and found after release by flood waters from the recently descovered Stainton gravel beds. I am growing in cofidence now that i am getting close to proving the superficial geology beneath the south west area of cleveland is not the jumbled up glacial mess it is stated to be. And that mammals that have been stated as absent at the time that the Stainton gravel beds were formed, were infact here along with Humans. I have also stumbled upon a phonomina concerning the magnetic attraction of the Cleveland dyke in the Stainton area. Posts concerning the Stainsby deposits are not related to the much older Stainton gravel beds ...
Tate AR, McClure PW, Kareha S, Irwin D. The objective of this study was to determine whether manually repositioning the scapula using the Scapula Reposition Test (SRT) reduces pain and increases shoulder elevation strength in athletes with and without positive signs of shoulder impingement. 142 college athletes underwent testing for clinical signs of shoulder impingement. Tests provoking symptoms were repeated with the scapula manually repositioned into greater retraction and posterior tilt. Of the 98 athletes with a positive impingement test, 46 had reduced pain with scapular repositioning. Although repositioning produced an increase in strength in both the impingement and non-impingement groups, a significant increase in strength was found with repositioning in only 26% of athletes with, and 29% of athletes without positive signs for shoulder impingement. The Scapula Reposition Test is a simple clinical test that may potentially be useful in an impairment based classification approach to ...
Base of coracoid process fracture with acromioclavicular dislocation in a child. . Download books free in pdf. Online library with books, university works and thousands of documents available to read online and download.
Shoulder impingement syndrome is quite common in serving or throwing athletes, such as tennis players, volleyball players, and baseball pitchers. In fact, shoulder impingement, bursitis, and tendinitis are extremely common among major-league baseball pitchers. One of the most common reasons for a trip to the disabled list for pitchers in that sport is related to problems with shoulder tendons and joints. Take one MLB team for example, the Baltimore Orioles. Pitchers Zach Britton, Mike Wright, Chris Tillman, Wade Miley made trips to the DL for shoulder bursitis and tendinitis (not to mention catcher Wellington Castillo and third baseman Ryan Flaherty.) In fact, Chris Tillman recently underwent platelet rich plasma therapy as part of his shoulder rehab. Spread across the rest of MLB, professional tennis, and other pro sports, the number of athletes affected by shoulder impingement syndrome is remarkable.. Treatment for acute shoulder impingement (i.e., severe symptoms occurring over short period ...
The coracoclavicular ligament may be referred to as a complex because it is composed of two parts, the conoid and trapezoid ligaments. The conoid and trapezoid ligaments are continuous inferiorly at the coracoid process attachment but separate at an angle before attaching to the inferior aspect of the clavicle superiorly.[2] These two parts of the coracoclavicular ligament are often separated either by a bursa or by fat.. The conoid ligament attaches to the clavicle at the conoid tubercle, which is posterior medial to the trapezoid tubercle. From superior to inferior, the conoid ligament appears as an inferior pointing cone. Thus, the superior attachment at the clavicle is wide, while the inferior attachment is narrow, wrapping around the posteromedial aspect and root of the coracoid process. The other part of the coracoclavicular ligament, the trapezoid ligament, is typically anterior-lateral to the conoid ligament. It is quadrilateral in shape, as its name implies, and is thinner than the ...
The normal shoulder is made up of a ball called the humeral head and a shallow cup called the glenoid. The glenoid is a part of the scapula or shoulder blade. With a reverse total shoulder arthroplasty this normal anatomy of the shoulder is reversed. A metallic ball is placed on the glenoid and a plastic cup is placed on the humerus, thus reversing the biomechanics of the shoulder.. Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is mainly indicated for people who have lost the function of their rotator cuff muscles. This generally is due to massive rotator cuff tears, but can be due to fractures or failure of prior surgeries. By reversing the biomechanics of the shoulder the deltoid muscle is better able to compensate for the loss of the rotator cuff muscles and patients can achieve greatly decreased pain and improved function of their shoulder.. Alternatives to reverse total shoulder arthroplasty include: Non-operative management with non-steroidal anti inflammatory medications, physical therapy, and ...
Rotator cuff impingement webmd. An overview of impingement syndrome, the rotator cuff tendons can your physician may additionally refer you to a physical therapist who can demonstrate the sports most. Shoulder impingement/rotator cuff tendinitisorthoinfo. The rotator cuff is a common supply of ache inside the shoulder. Pain may be the result of tendinitis. The rotator cuff tendons can be angry or broken. Rotator cuff issues exercises you may do at home. A rotator cuff tear is a tear of 1 or greater of the tendons of the 4 rotator cuff muscle tissue of the shoulder. A rotator cuff injury can include any kind of. Bodily therapists guide to shoulder impingement. Shoulder impingement syndrome occurs as the result of chronic and repetitive compression or "impingement" of the rotatorcuff step forward physical therapy. Rotator cuff restore rehab protocol bodily remedy the. Shoulder rotator cuff injuries and impingement syndrome. Rotator cuff tears are a commonplace cause of ache and incapacity among ...
The principal aim of the present thesis was to prospectively follow (clinical status and ultrasound + Doppler findings) the patellar tendons in the young elite volleyball players at the Swedish National Centre for high school volleyball in Falköping. In an Olympic weightlifter with chronic painful jumper´s knee, the effects of treatment with sclerosing injections followed by early instituted very heavy weightlifting training, was also evaluated.. First, in a prevalence study, we demonstrated that the clinical diagnosis patellar tendinopathy-jumpers knee, together with structural tendon changes and vascularisation in the painful area of the tendon, was demonstrated in 12/114 tendons in Swedish junior elite volleyball players, but not in any tendons of individually matched (age, height and weight) not regularly sports active controls. Structural tendon changes alone was demonstrated among the volleyball players but also among the controls.. In a 7 months prospective study of a total of 120 ...
The July JBJS publishes an article by Gilles Walch and colleagues on Prevalence of Neurologic Lesions After Total Shoulder Arthroplasty. These authors recognize that the nerves of the brachial plexus are at risk in major shoulder surgery. They used electromyography to study patients with reverse total shoulders and with anatomic arthroplasty. Importantly, 9 of 19 shoulders in the reverse group and 13 of 23 shoulders in the anatomic group had neurologic lesions detected BEFORE their joint replacement. At a month after surgery, nine of 19 patients with reverse total shoulders and one of 23 anatomic total shoulders had evidence of new nerve injury, with a rate 10 times higher in the reverse total shoulders. Three additional reverse total shoulder patients had worsening of preoperative nerve deficits. The most commonly involved nerve was the axillary nerve. Eight of these resolved in less than 6 months. They suggested that arm lengthening in reverse total shoulder may be responsible for some of ...
Background: The aim of this study was to compare the analgesic efficacy of subacromial bursae block (LA), suprascapular nerve block (SSB), and interscalene brachial plexus block (ISB) after arthroscopic shoulder surgery. Methods: 91 patients scheduled to undergo an arthroscopic shoulder acromioplasty under GA in an outpatient setting were included. The patients were prospectively randomized into 4 groups: 1) interscalene brachial plexus block, 2) suprascapular nerve block, 3) subacromial bursae block, 4) control group for comparison. Pain scores (VAS), supplemental analgesia, and side effects were recorded in the recoveryroom, 4 hours and 24 hours after surgery. Results: Group ISB had significantly lower pain scores at rest in the postanesthesia care unit than the SSB group (p = 0.037) and the control group (p = 0.0313). The same results were seen 4 hours follow-up. The LA group had significantly lower pain scores at rest in the postanesthesia care unit than the control group (p = 0.046) and after 4

Levator Scapulae MuscleLevator Scapulae Muscle

The other scapula muscles will work with the levator scapulae to secure the scapula and its corresponding glenoid cavity to ... Levator Scapulae Muscle. The levator scapulae muscle resides at that back and side of the neck. Levator means to lift in Latin ... In addition, the levator scapulae muscle laterally flexes the neck to the side when the scapula is fixed. ... The levator scapulae are served by two or three branches of the fourth and fifth cervical nerves and often by a dorsal scapular ...
more infohttp://www.innerbody.com/anatomy/muscular/levator-scapulae-muscle

Scapula - WikipediaScapula - Wikipedia

The name scapula might be related that due to existence of the spine of the scapula a concavity exist in the scapula. Otherwise ... In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas; also known as shoulder blade or wing bone) is the bone that connects the ... In classical Latin scapula is only used in its plural scapulae. Although some sources mention that scapulae is used to refer ... The lateral angle of the scapula or glenoid angle also known as the head of the scapula is the thickest part of the scapula. It ...
more infohttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scapula

The anterior surface of the scapula, next to the ribsThe anterior surface of the scapula, next to the ribs

... thorax on which this side of the scapula rests had been pressed into the scapula over time, and the scapula itself had taken on ... The anterior surface of the scapula, next to the ribs The scapula is flat and concave on its anterior surface [facies costalis ... scapula and rotates the humerus inside and forward. This concave surface of the scapula is indeed smooth, but it is not even in ... itself most concave is the one next to the neck of the scapula. For aside from the fact that the neck of the scapula (C, D in ...
more infohttp://vesalius.northwestern.edu/sections/FA.1.21.16.html

Effect of the Scapula Reposition Test on shoulder impingement symptoms and elevation strength in overhead athletes. -...Effect of the Scapula Reposition Test on shoulder impingement symptoms and elevation strength in overhead athletes. -...

The objective of this study was to determine whether manually repositioning the scapula using the Scapula Reposition Test (SRT ... Effect of the Scapula Reposition Test on shoulder impingement symptoms and elevation strength in overhead athletes.. Posted on ... The Scapula Reposition Test is a simple clinical test that may potentially be useful in an impairment based classification ... Tests provoking symptoms were repeated with the scapula manually repositioned into greater retraction and posterior tilt. Of ...
more infohttps://www.physiospot.com/research/effect-of-the-scapula-reposition-test-on-shoulder-impingement-symptoms-and-elevation-strength-in-overhead-athletes/

CLAVICLE in Scrabble | Words With Friends score & CLAVICLE definitionCLAVICLE in Scrabble | Words With Friends score & CLAVICLE definition

Either of two slender bones in human beings that extend from the manubrium of the sternum to the acromion of the scapula. ...
more infohttps://www.anagrammer.com/scrabble/clavicle

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome Treatment | UPMC

		Shoulder Impingement Syndrome Treatment | UPMC

Shoulder impingement occurs when the scapula puts pressure on the rotator cuff when lifting your arm. Learn about the symptoms ... During shoulder impingement syndrome, the scapula - part of the shoulder blade - puts pressure on the rotator cuff as you lift ... The top of the scapula, known as the acromion, rubs against the surface of the rotator cuff. ...
more infohttp://www.upmc.com/services/orthopaedics/conditions-treatments/pages/shoulder-impingements.aspx

Clinical Care Overview for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome -- ChiroACCESSClinical Care Overview for Shoulder Impingement Syndrome -- ChiroACCESS

Compression of the ROTATOR CUFF tendons and subacromial bursa between the HUMERAL HEAD and the ACROMION of the SCAPULA. This ...
more infohttp://www.chiroaccess.com/Conditions/Shoulder-Impingement-Syndrome.aspx

DiVA - SøkeresultatDiVA - Søkeresultat

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if a specific exercise strategy, targeting the rotator cuff and scapula stabilisers, improves shoulder ... focusing on strengthening eccentric exercises for the rotator cuff and concentric/eccentric exercises for the scapula ... strategy consisted of strengthening eccentric exercises for the rotator cuff and concentric/eccentric exercises for the scapula ...
more infohttp://liu.diva-portal.org/smash/resultList.jsf?af=%5B%5D&aq=%5B%5B%7B%22personId%22%3A%22authority-person%3A24716%22%7D%5D%5D&aqe=%5B%5D&aq2=%5B%5B%5D%5D&language=no&query=

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome - Shoulder Tendonitis - Toms River & Brick, NJShoulder Impingement Syndrome - Shoulder Tendonitis - Toms River & Brick, NJ

The scapula is the shoulder blade that moves on your back. A prominent edge of the scapula, the acromion, forms the top of the ... It rotates in a shallow basin on the scapula called the glenoid. A group of ligaments, called the joint capsule, hold the head ...
more infohttp://www.fitnessandrehab.com/PatientEducation?ctl=View&mid=56659&ContentPubID=273

Anatomy Important One Liners - PgAspirant.inAnatomy Important One Liners - PgAspirant.in

... "winged scapula."? Long thoracic nerve To avoid confusing long thoracic nerve and lateral thoracic artery: Long has an "n" for ...
more infohttp://pgaspirant.in/anatomy-important-one-liners-2/

Anatomy Important One Liners - PgAspirant.inAnatomy Important One Liners - PgAspirant.in

... "winged scapula."? Long thoracic nerve To avoid confusing long thoracic nerve and lateral thoracic artery: Long has an "n" for ...
more infohttp://pgaspirant.in/anatomy-important-one-liners/

CLAVICLE FRACTURES - Full SusCLAVICLE FRACTURES - Full Sus

The clavicle links the mobile shoulder blade (scapula) to the rest of the skeleton; it is a strut which serves as a pivot ... around which the scapula moves. Its "S" shape makes it resistant to injury when struck from the front (hence relatively few ...
more infohttp://fullsus.co.za/clavicle-fractures/

Motor control retraining exercises for shoulder impingement: effects on function, muscle activation, and biomechanics in young...Motor control retraining exercises for shoulder impingement: effects on function, muscle activation, and biomechanics in young...

Adolescent, Adult, Arthralgia, Biomechanical Phenomena, Exercise Therapy, Female, Humans, Male, Muscle, Skeletal, Scapula, ...
more infohttps://www.situ.ox.ac.uk/publications/350530

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome | Flagstaff Bone & JointShoulder Impingement Syndrome | Flagstaff Bone & Joint

... become compressed against a bony scapula protrusion called the acromion. ... become compressed against a bony scapula protrusion called the acromion. As these tissues continually rub against bone, they ...
more infohttps://www.flagstaffboneandjoint.com/patient-resources/education/shoulder-impingement-syndrome

Shoulder Arthroscopy | Coast Surgery CenterShoulder Arthroscopy | Coast Surgery Center

... the cup-like portion of the scapula. There is also potential space (the subacromial space) between the acromion and rotator ...
more infohttp://coastsurgery.com/shoulder-arthroscopy/

scapulascapula

The scapula, also called the shouder blade, is either of two large, roughly triangular flat bones found on either side of the ... Further anatomy of the scapula. The scapula lies on the posterior thoracic wall between the second and the seventh ribs. On its ... The anterior surface of the scapula is concave and forms the shallow subscapular fossa. The posterior surface of the scapula is ... The scapula, also called the shouder blade, is either of two large, roughly triangular flat bones found on either side of the ...
more infohttp://www.daviddarling.info/encyclopedia/S/scapula.html

Scapula - WikipediaScapula - Wikipedia

In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas[1]), also known as shoulder bone, shoulder blade, wing bone or blade bone ... Scapula/ScapulaeEdit. The name scapula as synonym of shoulder blade is of Latin origin.[16] It is commonly used in medical ... The lateral angle of the scapula or glenoid angle also known as the head of the scapula is the thickest part of the scapula. It ... In classical Latin scapula is only used in its plural scapulae.[20] Although some sources mention that scapulae is used to ...
more infohttps://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neck_of_the_scapula

Scapula Fracture | Symptoms & TreatmentScapula Fracture | Symptoms & Treatment

A Scapula Fracture is a break in the shoulder blade. It is quite a rare injury which occurs from a direct impact, most often in ... Scapula fracture or broken shoulder blade is caused by either a direct impact to the scapula from a blunt object or from a fall ... A scapula fracture is a break in the shoulder blade bone at the back of the shoulder. This is a relatively uncommon injury, ... Symptoms of a scapula fracture. Broken shoulder blade symptoms consist of sudden pain at the back of the shoulder at the time ...
more infohttps://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/sport-injuries/shoulder-pain/acute-shoulder-injuries/scapula-fracture

Scapula | Definition of Scapula by Merriam-WebsterScapula | Definition of Scapula by Merriam-Webster

Scapula definition is - either of a pair of large triangular bones lying one in each dorsal lateral part of the thorax, being ... Share scapula Post the Definition of scapula to Facebook Share the Definition of scapula on Twitter ... Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about scapula. Comments on scapula What made you want to look up scapula? Please tell us ... More from Merriam-Webster on scapula Spanish Central: Translation of scapula Nglish: Translation of scapula for Spanish ...
more infohttps://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/scapula

Scapula, clavicula Quiz - By beastmode123Scapula, clavicula Quiz - By beastmode123

Can you name the scapula Test your knowledge on this science quiz to see how you do and compare your score to others. Quiz by ...
more infohttps://www.sporcle.com/games/beastmode123/scapula

Scapula - wikidocScapula - wikidoc

ar:لوح الكتف ca:Omòplat de:Scapula eo:Skapolo gl:Omoplata id:Tulang belikat it:Scapola he:עצם השכם la:Scapula lt:Mentė hu: ... The posterior surface of the scapula is divided by a bony projection, the spina scapulae (opposite to the fossa subscapularis) ... SUNY Labs 10:st-0301 - "Joints of the Upper Extremity: Scapula. Sources. This article was originally based on an entry from a ... this peak is called tuber scapulae. After this peak the spina scapulae steeply decays in height. For humans and carnivores and ...
more infohttp://wikidoc.org/index.php/Scapula

Pec deck & scapula movement - ExRx.netPec deck & scapula movement - ExRx.net

Pec deck & scapula movement. Post by paul_k » Mon Jan 21, 2008 11:58 am ... In this exercise and at the end of the squeze I can see the scapula moving away from thw spine, around the thoracik cage.. What ... Im no expert but I think the scapula is just moving because its attached to the shoulder. The only muscle doing any work is ... Pec deck & scapula movement. Discussion of peer refereed articles and clinical applications. ...
more infohttps://exrx.net/forum/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=4310&p=19723

Pec deck & scapula movement - ExRx.netPec deck & scapula movement - ExRx.net

Pec deck & scapula movement. Post by paul_k » Mon Jan 21, 2008 11:58 am ... In this exercise and at the end of the squeze I can see the scapula moving away from thw spine, around the thoracik cage.. What ... Im no expert but I think the scapula is just moving because its attached to the shoulder. The only muscle doing any work is ... Pec deck & scapula movement. Discussion of peer refereed articles and clinical applications. ...
more infohttps://exrx.net/forum/viewtopic.php?p=18279

Anatomy of Scapula Winging | SpringerLinkAnatomy of Scapula Winging | SpringerLink

Surgical treatment of winged scapula. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2008;466(3):652-60.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ... The snapping scapula: diagnosis and treatment. Arthroscopy. 2009;25(11):1298-311.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Kibler W.B., Sciascia A. (2015) Anatomy of Scapula Winging. In: Bain G., Itoi E., Di Giacomo G., Sugaya H. (eds) Normal and ... Quantitative anatomy of the scapula. Am J Orthop. 2000;29(4):287-92.PubMedGoogle Scholar ...
more infohttps://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-662-45719-1_29

Orthopaedic clinic - winged scapula | Feature | Pulse TodayOrthopaedic clinic - winged scapula | Feature | Pulse Today

Winging of the scapula manifests when there is pathology affecting the muscles of the shoulder girdle or the nerves supplying ... Posteriorly, a winged scapula protrudes further out compared to the normal side. The wall push test, where the patient pushes ... The scapula maintains dynamic stability of the GH joint, in addition to providing a stable base for muscular attachments. ... Also known as brachial neuritis, this can lead to weakness of the scapula muscles. The syndrome is idiopathic in the majority ...
more infohttp://www.pulsetoday.co.uk/clinical/more-clinical-areas/musculoskeletal/orthopaedic-clinic-winged-scapula/20032652.article
  • Tests provoking symptoms were repeated with the scapula manually repositioned into greater retraction and posterior tilt. (physiospot.com)
  • Effect of the Scapula Reposition Test on shoulder impingement symptoms and elevation strength in overhead athletes. (physiospot.com)
  • The objective of this study was to determine whether manually repositioning the scapula using the Scapula Reposition Test (SRT) reduces pain and increases shoulder elevation strength in athletes with and without positive signs of shoulder impingement. (physiospot.com)
  • Like their connected bones the scapulae are paired, with the scapula on either side of the body being roughly a mirror image of the other. (wikipedia.org)
  • Front or subscapular fossa The front of the scapula (also known as the costal or ventral surface) has a broad concavity called the subscapular fossa, to which the subscapularis muscle attaches. (wikipedia.org)
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