Also called the shoulder blade, it is a flat triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle.
The articulation between the head of the HUMERUS and the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA.
The twelve spinal nerves on each side of the thorax. They include eleven INTERCOSTAL NERVES and one subcostal nerve. Both sensory and motor, they supply the muscles and skin of the thoracic and abdominal walls.
Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.
A depression in the lateral angle of the scapula that articulates with the head of the HUMERUS.
A cartilage-capped benign tumor that often appears as a stalk on the surface of bone. It is probably a developmental malformation rather than a true neoplasm and is usually found in the metaphysis of the distal femur, proximal tibia, or proximal humerus. Osteochondroma is the most common of benign bone tumors.
Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.
Compression of the rotator cuff tendons and subacromial bursa between the humeral head and structures that make up the coracoacromial arch and the humeral tuberosities. This condition is associated with subacromial bursitis and rotator cuff (largely supraspinatus) and bicipital tendon inflammation, with or without degenerative changes in the tendon. Pain that is most severe when the arm is abducted in an arc between 40 and 120 degrees, sometimes associated with tears in the rotator cuff, is the chief symptom. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Syndromes and Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed)
A set of twelve curved bones which connect to the vertebral column posteriorly, and terminate anteriorly as costal cartilage. Together, they form a protective cage around the internal thoracic organs.
The morphologic and physiological changes of the MUSCLES, bones (BONE AND BONES), and CARTILAGE of the body, i.e., MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, during the prenatal and postnatal stages of development.
A bone on the ventral side of the shoulder girdle, which in humans is commonly called the collar bone.
Partial or total replacement of a joint.
An order of the class MAMMALS that consists of one family, TUPAIIDAE (tree shrews), 5 genera (one of which is TUPAIA), and 16 species. Their recent distribution is from India to the Philippines, southern China to Java, Borneo, Sumatra, Bali, and other islands in those regions.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The bones of the free part of the upper extremity including the HUMERUS; RADIUS; and ULNA.
The musculotendinous sheath formed by the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, and teres minor muscles. These help stabilize the head of the HUMERUS in the glenoid fossa and allow for rotation of the SHOULDER JOINT about its longitudinal axis.
The rear surface of an upright primate from the shoulders to the hip, or the dorsal surface of tetrapods.
Remains, impressions, or traces of animals or plants of past geological times which have been preserved in the earth's crust.
Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.
One of a pair of irregularly shaped quadrilateral bones situated between the FRONTAL BONE and OCCIPITAL BONE, which together form the sides of the CRANIUM.
The 11th cranial nerve which originates from NEURONS in the MEDULLA and in the CERVICAL SPINAL CORD. It has a cranial root, which joins the VAGUS NERVE (10th cranial) and sends motor fibers to the muscles of the LARYNX, and a spinal root, which sends motor fibers to the TRAPEZIUS and the sternocleidomastoid muscles.
Traumatic injuries to the ACCESSORY NERVE. Damage to the nerve may produce weakness in head rotation and shoulder elevation.
The neck muscles consist of the platysma, splenius cervicis, sternocleidomastoid(eus), longus colli, the anterior, medius, and posterior scalenes, digastric(us), stylohyoid(eus), mylohyoid(eus), geniohyoid(eus), sternohyoid(eus), omohyoid(eus), sternothyroid(eus), and thyrohyoid(eus).
The pectoralis major and pectoralis minor muscles that make up the upper and fore part of the chest in front of the AXILLA.
The lateral extension of the spine of the SCAPULA and the highest point of the SHOULDER.
The gliding joint formed by the outer extremity of the CLAVICLE and the inner margin of the acromion process of the SCAPULA.
The biological science concerned with the life-supporting properties, functions, and processes of living organisms or their parts.
The assessing of academic or educational achievement. It includes all aspects of testing and test construction.
A branch of biology dealing with the structure of organisms.
Unilateral or bilateral pain of the shoulder. It is often caused by physical activities such as work or sports participation, but may also be pathologic in origin.
A syndrome associated with inflammation of the BRACHIAL PLEXUS. Clinical features include severe pain in the shoulder region which may be accompanied by MUSCLE WEAKNESS and loss of sensation in the upper extremity. This condition may be associated with VIRUS DISEASES; IMMUNIZATION; SURGERY; heroin use (see HEROIN DEPENDENCE); and other conditions. The term brachial neuralgia generally refers to pain associated with brachial plexus injury. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1355-6)
The application, via IMPLANTED ELECTRODES, of short bursts of electrical energy in the radiofrequency range, interspersed with pauses in delivery of the current long enough to dissipate the generated heat and avoid heat-induced tissue necrosis.
Lists of words, usually in alphabetical order, giving information about form, pronunciation, etymology, grammar, and meaning.
Social media model for enabling public involvement and recruitment in participation. Use of social media to collect feedback and recruit volunteer subjects.
The terms, expressions, designations, or symbols used in a particular science, discipline, or specialized subject area.
A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.
Organized services in a hospital which provide medical care on an outpatient basis.
An unpleasant sensation induced by noxious stimuli which are detected by NERVE ENDINGS of NOCICEPTIVE NEURONS.
Skilled treatment that helps individuals achieve independence in all facets of their lives. It assists in the development of skills needed for independent living.
Contractile tissue that produces movement in animals.
A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.
The protein constituents of muscle, the major ones being ACTINS and MYOSINS. More than a dozen accessory proteins exist including TROPONIN; TROPOMYOSIN; and DYSTROPHIN.
Unstriated and unstriped muscle, one of the muscles of the internal organs, blood vessels, hair follicles, etc. Contractile elements are elongated, usually spindle-shaped cells with centrally located nuclei. Smooth muscle fibers are bound together into sheets or bundles by reticular fibers and frequently elastic nets are also abundant. (From Stedman, 25th ed)
Large, multinucleate single cells, either cylindrical or prismatic in shape, that form the basic unit of SKELETAL MUSCLE. They consist of MYOFIBRILS enclosed within and attached to the SARCOLEMMA. They are derived from the fusion of skeletal myoblasts (MYOBLASTS, SKELETAL) into a syncytium, followed by differentiation.

Large bursa formation associated with osteochondroma of the scapula: a case report and review of the literature. (1/320)

Bursitis or large bursa formation associated with osteochondroma has rarely been reported. A 33-year-old male presented with upper back pain, a rapidly developing mass beside the lateral border of his right scapula and snapping elicited by movement of the scapula. Plain radiograms and CT revealed osteochondroma on the ventral surface of the scapula without any unmineralized component and a huge cystic lesion around the osteochondroma. Aspiration of the cystic lesion showed the presence of sero-sanguineous fluid. MRI following the aspiration showed a thin cartilaginous cap with distinct outer margin and no soft tissue mass around the cap. Pathological examinations confirmed the diagnosis of osteochondroma with the large bursa formation. Clinical examination 19 months postoperatively showed an uneventful clinical course.  (+info)

Parosteal osteosarcoma of the scapula. (2/320)

Parosteal osteosarcoma is a low-grade osteosarcoma, which occurs on the surface of the bone. We had experienced a parosteal osteosarcoma involving the flat bone, the scapula of a 21-year-old man. This is an extremely rare location for a parosteal osteosarcoma. Plain radiograph showed broad-based, well-defined radiodense lesion at the scapula. Computed tomogram demonstrated an intact cortex and absence of a medullary involvement. Tumor showed a lobulated, high-density lesion, indicating bone formation. Histologically, parosteal osteosarcoma is a well-differentiated osteosarcoma. The tumor is composed of a hypocellular proliferation of spindle cells, with minimal cytologic atypia. The bone is in the form of a well-formed bony trabeculae. Occasional cartilage is present in the form of a cap.  (+info)

The morphometry of the coracoid process - its aetiologic role in subcoracoid impingement syndrome. (3/320)

Anatomical morphometric studies of the coracoid process and coraco-glenoid space were carried out on 204 dry scapulae. No statistically significant correlations were found between length, or thickness of the coracoid process, prominence of the coracoid tip, coracoid slope, coraco-glenoid distance, or position of the coracoid tip with respect to the uppermost point of the glenoid. These anatomical characteristics were independent of the dimensions of the scapulae. Three configurations of the coraco-glenoid space were identified. Type I configuration was found in 45% of scapulae and Type II and Type III, in 34% and 21% of specimens, respectively. The lowest value of the coraco-glenoid distance were seen in Type I scapulae. Morphometric characteristics which might predispose to subcoracoid impingement were found in 4% of Type I scapulae. A total of 27 scapulae, nine with each type of configuration were submitted to CT scanning. Scapulae with a Type I configuration were found to have low values for the coraco-glenoid angle and coracoid overlap, which are known to be associated with a short coraco-humeral distance. Subjects with a Type I configuration, and severe narrowing of the coraco-glenoid space, appear to be predisposed to coraco-humeral impingement. These morphometric characteristics may be easily evaluated on CT scans.  (+info)

Fractures due to hypocalcemic convulsion. (4/320)

We report on two cases of patients in whom hypocalcemic seizures during hemodialysis led to right scapular body fracture in one and bilateral femoral neck fractures in the other.  (+info)

Suprascapular neuropathy in volleyball players. (5/320)

BACKGROUND: Suprascapular nerve entrapment with isolated paralysis of the infraspinatus muscle is uncommon. However, this pathology has been reported in volleyball players. Despite a lack of scientific evidence, excessive strain on the nerve is often cited as a possible cause of this syndrome. Previous research has shown a close association between shoulder range of motion and strain on the suprascapular nerve. No clinical studies have so far been designed to examine the association between excessive shoulder mobility and the presence of this pathology. AIM: To study the possible association between the range of motion of the shoulder joint and the presence of suprascapular neuropathy by clinically examining the Belgian male volleyball team with respect to several parameters. METHODS: An electromyographic investigation, a clinical shoulder examination, shoulder range of motion measurements, and an isokinetic concentric peak torque shoulder internal/external rotation strength test were performed in 16 professional players. RESULTS: The electrodiagnostic study showed a severe suprascapular neuropathy in four players which affected only the infraspinatus muscle. In each of these four players, suprascapular nerve entrapment was present on the dominant side. Except for the hypotrophy of the infraspinatus muscle, no significant differences between the affected and non-affected players were observed on clinical examination. Significant differences between the affected and non-affected players were found for range of motion measurements of external rotation, horizontal flexion and forward flexion, and for flexion of the shoulder girdle (protraction); all were found to be higher in the affected players than the non-affected players. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests an association between increased range of motion of the shoulder joint and the presence of isolated paralysis of the infraspinatus muscle in volleyball players. However, the small number of patients in this study prevents definite conclusions from being drawn.  (+info)

The painful shoulder: part II. Acute and chronic disorders. (6/320)

Fractures of the humerus, scapula and clavicle usually result from a direct blow or a fall onto an outstretched hand. Most can be treated by immobilization. Dislocation of the humerus, strain or sprain of the acromioclavicular and sternoclavicular joints, and rotator cuff injury often can be managed conservatively. Recurrence is a problem with humerus dislocation, and surgical management may be indicated if conservative treatment fails. Rotator cuff tears are often hard to diagnose because of muscle atrophy that impairs the patient's ability to perform diagnostic maneuvers. Chronic shoulder problems usually fall into one of several categories, which include impingement syndrome, frozen shoulder and biceps tendonitis. Other causes of chronic shoulder pain are labral injury, osteoarthritis of the glenohumeral or acromioclavicular joint and, rarely, osteolysis of the distal clavicle.  (+info)

Entrapment of the suprascapular nerve. (7/320)

Operative release for entrapment of the suprascapular nerve was carried out in 35 patients. They were assessed at an average of 30 months (12 to 98) after operation using the functional shoulder score devised by Constant and Murley. The average age at the time of surgery was 40 years (17 to 67). Entrapment was due to injury in ten patients and no cause was found in three; 34 had diffuse posterolateral shoulder pain. The strength of abduction was reduced in all the patients. The average Constant score, unadjusted for age or gender, before operative release was 47% (28 to 53). In 25 of the patients both the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles were atrophied and seven had isolated atrophy of the infraspinatus muscle. The average conduction time from Erb's point to the supraspinatus muscle and to the infraspinatus muscle was 5.7 ms (2.8 to 12.8) and 7.4 ms (3.4 to 13.4), respectively. In two patients MRI revealed a ganglion in the infraspinatus fossa and, in another, a complete rupture of the rotator cuff. The average time from the onset of symptoms to operation was ten months (3 to 36). A posterior approach was advocated. The average Constant score, after operative release, unadjusted for age or gender was 77% (35 to 91). The overall result was excellent in ten of the patients, very good in seven, good in 14, fair in two, and poor in two. The symptomatic and functional outcome in our series confirmed the usefulness and safety of operative decompression for entrapment of the suprascapular nerve.  (+info)

Dual origin and segmental organisation of the avian scapula. (8/320)

Bones of the postcranial skeleton of higher vertebrates originate from either somitic mesoderm or somatopleural layer of the lateral plate mesoderm. Controversy surrounds the origin of the scapula, a major component of the shoulder girdle, with both somitic and lateral plate origins being proposed. Abnormal scapular development has been described in the naturally occurring undulated series of mouse mutants, which has implicated Pax1 in the formation of this bone. Here we addressed the development of the scapula, firstly, by analysing the relationship between Pax1 expression and chondrogenesis and, secondly, by determining the developmental origin of the scapula using chick quail chimeric analysis. We show the following. (1) The scapula develops in a rostral-to-caudal direction and overt chondrification is preceded by an accumulation of Pax1-expressing cells. (2) The scapular head and neck are of lateral plate mesodermal origin. (3) In contrast, the scapular blade is composed of somitic cells. (4) Unlike the Pax1-positive cells of the vertebral column, which are of sclerotomal origin, the Pax1-positive cells of the scapular blade originate from the dermomyotome. (5) Finally, we show that cells of the scapular blade are organised into spatially restricted domains along its rostrocaudal axis in the same order as the somites from which they originated. Our results imply that the scapular blade is an ossifying muscular insertion rather than an original skeletal element, and that the scapular head and neck are homologous to the 'true coracoid' of higher vertebrates.  (+info)

Continued From Above... amid the medial angle and the triangle smooth surface at the root of the spine.. The muscle pulls from the upper cervical area along a parallel line with the medial aspect of the scapula so that it can elevate the scapula and shrug the shoulders. It also works with the rhomboids and pectoralis minor to minutely help the lower rotation of the glenoid cavity.. In addition, the levator scapulae muscle laterally flexes the neck to the side when the scapula is fixed. The other scapula muscles will work with the levator scapulae to secure the scapula and its corresponding glenoid cavity to strengthen how efficiently and effectively the muscles work in the shoulder joint.. The sternocleidomastoid covers the superior portion of the levator scapula and the trapezius covers the inferior part. The scalenus medius binds the levator scapulae in front and the splenius cervicis in back. In the middle of the levator scapulae, the spinal accessory nerve flows laterally and the dorsal ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Comparison of scapular kinematics between elevation and lowering of the arm in the scapular plane. AU - Borstad, John D.. AU - Ludewig, Paula M. PY - 2002/11/1. Y1 - 2002/11/1. N2 - Objective. To compare scapular orientation during both the concentric (elevation) and eccentric (lowering) phases of scapular plane abduction in subjects with and without shoulder impingement. Design. Mixed model analysis of variance with one between-subjects factor (group) and within-subjects factors of phase, humeral angle, and trial. Background. Abnormal scapular kinematics have been identified in shoulder impingement patients during the concentric phase of arm elevation, and under static conditions. Because abnormal scapular motion is observed clinically during the eccentric phase of arm elevation, analysis of this phase of motion is warranted. Methods. Twenty-six symptomatic and 26 healthy subjects performed five repetitions of humeral scapular plane abduction. An electromagnetic tracking device ...
In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas; also known as shoulder blade or wing bone) is the bone that connects the humerus (upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone). Like their connected bones the scapulae are paired, with the scapula on either side of the body being roughly a mirror image of the other. In early Roman times, people thought the bone resembled a trowel, a small shovel. The shoulder blade is also called omo in Latin medical terminology. The scapula forms the back of the shoulder girdle. In humans, it is a flat bone, roughly triangular in shape, placed on a posterolateral aspect of the thoracic cage. The scapula is a wide, flat bone lying on the thoracic wall that provides an attachment for three different groups of muscles. The intrinsic muscles of the scapula include the muscles of the rotator cuff-the subscapularis, teres minor, supraspinatus, and infraspinatus. These muscles attach to the surface of the scapula and are responsible for the internal and external ...
Animas Orthopedic Associates in Durango, La Plata County, CO offers ORIF procedure for scapula fractures. Please call (970) 259-3020 or (866) 737-4739 for appointments.
A strong, flat, short ligamentous band that courses between the base of the coracoid process and the medial margin of the scapular notch. This ligament converts the scapular notch into a small foramen. Sometimes the ligament ossifies ...
The anterior surface of the scapula, next to the ribs The scapula is flat and concave on its anterior surface [facies costalis] (fig. 1) so as to fit the convexity of the ribs and while being fixed over them to be moveable as required, as well as to suit it to the muscle [m. subscapularis] (G in the 7th table of muscles, H in the 8th) which fills the entire anterior surface of the scapula and rotates the humerus inside and forward. This concave surface of the scapula is indeed smooth, but it is not even in all places; for next to its lower surface it puts forth certain tubercles (M, M, M in fig. 1) that stand out slightly as oblique lines 49 which make what amount to depressions, as if the ribs of the thorax on which this side of the scapula rests had been pressed into the scapula over time, and the scapula itself had taken on their outline by giving way. For these depressions and prominences appear more in the old than in children and youths, in whom everything protrudes and grows out less ...
Loss of serratus anterior muscle function Loss of trapezius muscle function Weakness of all the scapula stabilisers Loss of the scapular suspensory mechanism Winging secondary to instability Winging secondary to pain Brachial Plexus injury. Persoanele cu acest diagnostic suferă de inflamația articulațiilor - câteva sau una, precum și durerea în ligamente și tendoane. A winged scapula ( scapula alata) is a skeletal medical condition in which the shoulder blade, or shoulder bone, protrudes from a person s back in an abnormal position. Spine of scapula The spine of the scapula or scapular spine is a prominent plate of bone, which crosses obliquely the medial four- fifths of the scapula at its upper part, and separates the supra- from the infraspinatous fossa. Durere în genunchi mi- a coborât piciorul. Cervical vertebrae ...
HOBBS, HR et al. Open reduction and internal fixation of scapula fractures. SA orthop. j. [online]. 2008, vol.7, n.3, pp.8-15. ISSN 2309-8309.. Scapular fractures requiring surgery are relatively rare injuries. This retrospective review looks at the outcome of open reduction and internal fixation of these fractures and the surgical exposures necessary for their fixation. All surgically treated scapular fractures from January 2000 to December 2006, with the exception of Ideberg type Ia (anterior rim) fractures of less than 25% with an associated dislocation, had their clinical notes and radiology reviewed. The surgical approach was analysed with regard to the fracture classification and exposure. Reduction, union and failure of fixation were assessed. Outcomes were determined with respect to pain and range of movement. At an average follow-up of 9 months (range 6 to 72 months), all of the fractures had united. Twenty out of the 25 patients were pain-free (80%) and the rest only had mild pain. ...
The scapula is ossified from 7 or more centers: one for the body, two for the coracoid process, two for the acromion, one for the vertebral border, and one for the inferior angle. Ossification of the body begins about the second month of fetal life, by an irregular quadrilateral plate of bone forming, immediately behind the glenoid cavity. This plate extends to form the chief part of the bone, the scapular spine growing up from its dorsal surface about the third month. Ossification starts as membranous ossification before birth.[6][7] After birth, the cartilaginous components would undergo endochondral ossification. The larger part of the scapula undergoes membranous ossification.[8] Some of the outer parts of the scapula are cartilaginous at birth, and would therefore undergo endochondral ossification.[9]. At birth, a large part of the scapula is osseous, but the glenoid cavity, the coracoid process, the acromion, the vertebral border and the inferior angle are cartilaginous. From the 15th to ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The effect of scapular position on subacromial contact behavior. T2 - a cadaver study. AU - Muraki, Takayuki. AU - Yamamoto, Nobuyuki. AU - Sperling, John W.. AU - Steinmann, Scott P.. AU - Cofield, Robert H.. AU - An, Kai Nan. PY - 2017/5/1. Y1 - 2017/5/1. N2 - Background Patients with subacromial impingement were reported to show abnormal scapular positions during shoulder elevation. However, the relationship between the scapular positions and subacromial impingement is unclear. The purpose of this study was to biomechanically determine the effect of scapular position on subacromial contact behavior by using fresh frozen cadavers. Methods The peak contact pressure on the coracoacromial arch was measured with a flexible tactile force sensor in 9 fresh frozen cadaver shoulders. The measurement was performed during passive glenohumeral elevation in the scapular plane ranging from 30° to 75°. The scapular downward and internal rotations and anterior tilt were simulated by tilting ...
1. Start by talking about the scapula or shoulder blade during the warm up while your client can feel the 6 different movements that it can make: Elevation, Depression, Protraction, Retraction, Upward Rotation, and Downward Rotation. Just talking about the scapula will increase your clients awareness of their bodies and they will begin to feel it moving along the rib cage even if they have never felt it before.. 2. Allow them to find the position of a stable or neutral scapula by lifting the arms to the ceiling and then slowly sliding the shoulder blades slightly down and and in toward the spine in a V shape. The client must feel that there is width at the chest; the shoulders are not rounded forward and the scapula are not squeezed too close to the spine.. 3. Deepen their knowledge by naming the muscles that stabilize the scapula. You must be able to gauge your client, for some this will be too much information but other clients will be hungry for more understanding of their bodies. The 4 ...
The purpose of this study is to contrast and evaluate the functional outcome of patients with operative vs. nonoperative treatment of scapula fractures. The specific aim of this project is to monitor the return to function of patients in both the operative and nonoperative cohorts.. The potential impact is a clearer set of choices in treatment options for this type of injury. ...
A ring of bony articulations consisting of the acromioclavicular joints. A subscapular part, such as an artery or nerve. Scap· u· las or scap· u· lae Either of two large, flat, triangular bones forming the back part of the shoulder. Any surgery poses some risk, such as nerve and. Start studying The Shoulder Complex. Pentru a evita dezvoltarea procesului patologic, este necesar să se întărească în mod regulat muschii din spate care susțin coloana vertebrală, să monitorizeze postura, să evite ridicarea și purtarea greutăților și să se ferească de curenți și hipotermie. Inferior angle of the scapula - angle formed on the distal end of the scapula where the medial ( vertebral) & lateral ( axillary) boarders meet. At its upper and outer angle the scapula bears a shallow hollow with which the rounded head of the upper arm bone ( the humerus) articulates. A winged scapula ( scapula alata) is a skeletal medical condition in which the shoulder blade, or shoulder bone, protrudes from ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - The function of the clavicle on scapular motion. T2 - A cadaveric study. AU - Matsumura, Noboru. AU - Nakamichi, Noriaki. AU - Ikegami, Hiroyasu. AU - Nagura, Takeo. AU - Imanishi, Nobuaki. AU - Aiso, Sadakazu. AU - Toyama, Yoshiaki. PY - 2013/3/1. Y1 - 2013/3/1. N2 - Hypothesis: The clavicle serves as a strut between the thorax and scapula, and lack of this function could affect shoulder mobility. We hypothesized that clavicular discontinuity changes shoulder kinematics, particularly affecting scapular motion. Materials and methods: The study used 14 cadaveric shoulders. Cadavers were stabilized in the sitting position. Manual elevation in the sagittal, scapular, and coronal planes was performed in the intact and clavicular discontinuity models. The thorax-scapula distance and 3-dimensional scapular motion during shoulder elevation were recorded using an electromagnetic tracking device. The differences between the 2 experimental models at each position were analyzed. Results: ...
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The scapula is a large, flat, triangular bone with three prominent projections. The flattened triangular portion spans from the second to the seventh rib and consists of three borders (superior, lateral, and medial) and three angles (superior, inferior, and lateral). Its lateral angle is conspicuous as it forms the glenoid fossa for articulation with the head of the humerus. Its three prominent projections are the anteriorly facing coracoid process, the posterior ridge termed the spine, and the flat laterally projecting acromion that forms the lateral expansion of the spine. The plate-like body of the scapula is often so thin that it is translucent. (The program includes both true and false views of the scapula. The true views represent those views of the scapula as it would appear when viewed in its articulated position in the body. The false views represent an idealized views of its four surfaces ...
The scapula is a large, flat, triangular bone with three prominent projections. The flattened triangular portion spans from the second to the seventh rib and consists of three borders (superior, lateral, and medial) and three angles (superior, inferior, and lateral). Its lateral angle is conspicuous as it forms the glenoid fossa for articulation with the head of the humerus. Its three prominent projections are the anteriorly facing coracoid process, the posterior ridge termed the spine, and the flat laterally projecting acromion that forms the lateral expansion of the spine. The plate-like body of the scapula is often so thin that it is translucent. (The program includes both true and false views of the scapula. The true views represent those views of the scapula as it would appear when viewed in its articulated position in the body. The false views represent an idealized views of its four surfaces ...
A scapular fracture is a fracture of the scapula, the shoulder blade. The scapula is sturdy and located in a protected place, so it rarely breaks. When it does, it is an indication that the individual was subjected to a considerable amount of force and that severe chest trauma may be present. High-speed vehicle accidents are the most common cause. This could be anywhere from a car accident, motorcycle crash, or high speed bicycle crash but falls and blows to the area can also be responsible for the injury. Signs and symptoms are similar to those of other fractures: they include pain, tenderness, and reduced motion of the affected area although symptoms can take a couple of days to appear. Imaging techniques such as X-ray are used to diagnose scapular fracture, but the injury may not be noticed in part because it is so frequently accompanied by other, severe injuries that demand attention. The injuries that usually accompany scapular fracture generally have the greatest impact on the patients ...
The scapula is a flat bone that lies in the sagittal plane alongside the thoracic wall. This chapter reviews fractures of the scapular body, fractures of the scapular neck, fractures of the supraglenoid tuberosity. Operative techniques: Fractures of the scapular body; Fractures of the scapular neck; Fractures of the supraglenoid tuberosity.
BACKGROUND: Scapular fractures have been traditionally taught to be associated with significant injuries and major morbidity. As we demonstrated with sternal fracture, pulmonary contusion and rib fracture, increased chest CT utilization and head-to-pelvis CT (pan-scan) protocols in blunt trauma evaluation, however, may diagnose minor, clinically irrelevant scapular fractures, possibly rendering previous teachings obsolete. OBJECTIVES: To determine the 1) percentages of scapular fractures seen on chest CT only (SOCTO) versus seen on both CXR and CT and of isolated scapular fracture (scapular fracture without other thoracic injuries), 2) frequencies of associated thoracic injury with scapular fracture, and 3) proportion of patients admitted, mortality, hospital length of stay, and injury severity scores (ISS), comparing four patient groups: scapular fracture, non-scapular fracture, scapular fracture SOCTO, and isolated scapular fracture ...
BACKGROUND: Scapular fractures have been traditionally taught to be associated with significant injuries and major morbidity. As we demonstrated with sternal fracture, pulmonary contusion and rib fracture, increased chest CT utilization and head-to-pelvis CT (pan-scan) protocols in blunt trauma evaluation, however, may diagnose minor, clinically irrelevant scapular fractures, possibly rendering previous teachings obsolete. OBJECTIVES: To determine the 1) percentages of scapular fractures seen on chest CT only (SOCTO) versus seen on both CXR and CT and of isolated scapular fracture (scapular fracture without other thoracic injuries), 2) frequencies of associated thoracic injury with scapular fracture, and 3) proportion of patients admitted, mortality, hospital length of stay, and injury severity scores (ISS), comparing four patient groups: scapular fracture, non-scapular fracture, scapular fracture SOCTO, and isolated scapular fracture ...
In illegal hunting it is often possible only on the basis of morphological characteristics to determine the animal species. By the method of comparison there was performed the forensic analysis of roe deer and sheep osteological features. For the purpose of investigating the shoulder blade (Scapula) and shoulder bone (Humerus) comparative characteristics, there were used 6 shoulder blades and 6 shoulder bones of roe deer and 8 shoulder blades and 8 shoulder bones of sheep. After the skin, muscles, arterial, venous and lymphatic vessels as well as nerves were removed from the bones, they were thermally treated in an autoclave. Subsequently, the bones were placed in 3% solution of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) for bleaching and degreasing. Then they were air dried and then photographed. Shoulder blade (Scapula) is a bone plate (Ossa plana) roughly triangular in shape. Scapular spine (Spina scapulae) is much more prominent in roe deer with acromion blade in the form of spike, while in sheep it... is ...
Acknowledgement: Portions of the Examination section of this paper were taken and modified with permission from McClure P, Greenberg E, Kareha S. Evaluation and management of scapular dysfunction. Sports Med Arthrosc 2012;20:39-48.. The goal of scapular assessment is to identify abnormal scapular motion (dyskinesis), determine any relationship between altered motion and symptoms and identify the underlying causative factors of the movement dysfunction.11 ,31 ,104 Clinical assessment of scapular dyskinesis is inherently challenging due to the three-dimensional nature of scapular movement and soft tissue surrounding the scapula obscuring direct measurement of bony positioning. Several methods of identifying scapular dyskinesis have been described; although many of these tests have been shown to possess adequate levels of reliability, the validity of most tests remains questionable due to a lack of direct correlation with symptoms.11 ,12 Clinical evaluation of scapular dysfunction in patients ...
A winged scapula is an injury in which the scapula (shoulder blade) sticks out in the back. Sports injuries or any trauma to the neck and shoulder can result in a winged scapula. This can be painful and disabling because of the resulting limitation of shoulder elevation. This condition can result from two causes: either a compression of the long thoracic nerve at the level of the brachial plexus (up high in the neck) or a complete injury to that nerve. Sometimes the compression injuries can be corrected with proper physical therapy. When therapy is ineffective, this type of injury can be addressed by a procedure similar to the thoracic outlet surgery. In this case, muscle, fascia or vascular structures that may be found compressing the nerve are cut and removed until the nerve is once again free. Oftentimes, patients will very quickly recover their strength and experience pain relief after this operation. When the nerve is found to be completely injured, surgeons at the Center for Nerve Injury ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Central neuropathic mechanisms in post-stroke shoulder pain. AU - Roosink, M.. AU - Renzenbrink, G.J.. AU - Buitenweg, J.R.. AU - Van Dongen, R.T.M.. AU - Geurts, A.C.H.. AU - IJzerman, M.J.. PY - 2009/9/9. Y1 - 2009/9/9. N2 - Central neuropathic pain mechanisms may play a larger role in chronic PSSP than is traditionally assumed. With the DN4, it is possible to select a subgroup of PSSP patients with more severe pain complaints and sensory abnormalities. Subgroup identification based on the DN4 might be used in future longitudinal and intervention studies to further explore the mechanisms underlying PSSP.. AB - Central neuropathic pain mechanisms may play a larger role in chronic PSSP than is traditionally assumed. With the DN4, it is possible to select a subgroup of PSSP patients with more severe pain complaints and sensory abnormalities. Subgroup identification based on the DN4 might be used in future longitudinal and intervention studies to further explore the mechanisms ...
A glenoid component for securement to a glenoid surface of a scapula so as to provide a bearing surface for a head portion of a humerus includes a body having a first surface configured to contact the glenoid surface of the scapula and a second surface configured to receive the head portion of the humerus. The glenoid component also includes an interruption such as a buttress extending from the body. The interruption is configured to be received in a like-configured notch formed in the glenoid surface of the scapula. The interruption helps prevent movement of the glenoid component relative to the glenoid surface of the scapula after implant. The body also may include anchoring extending from the body for penetrating the glenoid surface of the scapula so as to help secure the body to the glenoid surface of the scapula. The glenoid component is used in one application to help correct bone defects and in another application for wear. A method of securing the glenoid component to a glenoid surface of a
In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas)[1] or spaul-bane, is the bane that connects the humerus (airm bane) wi the hausebane (clavicle). The spaul-bane forms the posterior (back) locatit pairt o the shouder girdle. In humans, it is a flat bane, rochly triangular in shape, placed on a posterolateral aspect o the thoracic cage. ...
Scapula - Here are all of the articles on yoga anatomy that are related to the scapula that weve written so far. Keep your scapula in the right place.
0003] The scapula, commonly known as the shoulder blade, is a flat, triangular bone that lies over the back of the upper ribs. A left scapula 100 is depicted in anterior, posterior, and left side views in FIGS. 1A, 1B, and 1C, respectively. The posterior surface of the scapula 100 can be readily felt through a patients skin. The scapula 100 serves as an attachment point for some of the muscles and tendons of the arm, neck, chest, and back, and aids in the movements of the arm and shoulder. The scapula 100 is also well padded with muscle, so that great force is required to fracture it. The rear surface of each scapula 100 is divided into unequal portions by a spine 102. This spine 102 leads to a head 104, which bears two processes--the acromion process 106 that forms the tip of the shoulder and a coracoid process 108 that curves forward and down below the clavicle (collarbone, not shown). The acromion process 106 joins the clavicle and provides attachments for muscles of the arm and chest ...
Pectoral Girdle Anatomy Bones Muscles Function Diagram Pectoral Girdle Muscles Pectoral Girdle Muscles Anatomy Chart Muscles That Position The Pectoral Girdle Anterior, Muscles Of The Pectoral Girdle Purposegames Pectoral Girdle Muscles, Pectoral Girdle Anatomy Bones Muscles Function Diagram Pectoral Girdle Muscles, Pectoral Girdle Anatomy Bones Muscles Function Diagram Pectoral Girdle Muscles, ...
Introduction Originally described in 1867, snapping scapula syndrome (also known as scapulothoracic crepitus or bursitis) results from an imbalance of the scapulothoracic articulation that causes a distinct sound as the scapula is moved across the chest\1
Elastofibroma is a rarely diagnosed benign fibroproliferative lesion which occurs most commonly in the periscapular region of middle aged to elderly women.1 Recognition of the lesion is important as the differential diagnosis includes other benign and also malignant tumours. We report a case of elastofibroma in a patient who presented with shoulder pain to a rheumatology clinic, and review previous publications. Although elastofibroma is uncommon, it has received attention in radiological and orthopaedic publications but not in rheumatology published reports.. A 43 year old Turkish woman, previously fit and healthy, was referred to our outpatient clinic with a two year history of right shoulder pain. The pain was described as a dull ache of gradual onset, around the posterior aspect of the shoulder over the scapula, which was worse on movement of the arm. There was no weakness. Over the preceding four months the patient had noticed a swelling below the inferior angle of the right scapula which ...
Not trying to make this long but i am basically trying to restore my scapular health and optimal function with my trapezius, and surrounding scapular muscles eg. infraspinatus, teres minor, serratus anterior ect. in their regards to external rotation and healthy upward rotation balance. Now to the real question of this topic, In reading this article i came across from another site discussing upward and downward rotation it says that normal dumbbell/barbell shrugs heavily work the upper traps of course but also the 2 downward rotators the levator scapulae and rhomboids, but on this site the exercise description it only says upper trap is target and synergists levetor scapulae mid trap and not rhomboids? sooo...what id like to know from different perspectives is, is it involved or not ...
Not trying to make this long but i am basically trying to restore my scapular health and optimal function with my trapezius, and surrounding scapular muscles eg. infraspinatus, teres minor, serratus anterior ect. in their regards to external rotation and healthy upward rotation balance. Now to the real question of this topic, In reading this article i came across from another site discussing upward and downward rotation it says that normal dumbbell/barbell shrugs heavily work the upper traps of course but also the 2 downward rotators the levator scapulae and rhomboids, but on this site the exercise description it only says upper trap is target and synergists levetor scapulae mid trap and not rhomboids? sooo...what id like to know from different perspectives is, is it involved or not ...
The majority of clavicle and scapula fractures can be managed conservatively with sling immobilization, ice, and analgesics. Early range-of-motion exercises are important. Orthopedic consultation is warranted for clavicle fractures that are open, have neurovascular compromise, or have persistent skin tenting. Clavicle fractures that are severely comminuted or displaced may benefit from operative intervention so consider early referral to orthopedics in those instances. Presence of a scapula fracture mandates investigation for associated intrathoracic injuries. Displaced glenoid articular fractures, angulated glenoid neck fractures, and certain acromial and coracoid fractures may require surgical intervention. ...
The scapula is a flat, triangular bone with three borders, three angles, two surfaces, and prominent processes. The borders are identified as the medial or vertebral border, the lateral or axillary border, and the superior border. The angles or corners of the triangular scapula are named the superior, inferior, and lateral angles. The superior and inferior angles are at the ends of the medial border. The lateral angle and border give rise to the prominent process of the scapula and thus compose the greatest mass and weight of the scapula. The broadened end of the lateral angle supports the shallow glenoid fossa, which is deepened by the attachment of the fibrocartilaginous glenoid labrum and receives the humeral head. Medial to the glenoid fossa is the coracoid process, which projects laterally and anteriorly. ...
Right Pectoral Shoulder Girdle Bones Of The Pectoral Girdle Pectoral Girdle Anatomy Bones Muscles Function Diagram Bones Of The Pectoral Girdle, Pectoral Girdle Fractures Clinical Gate Bones Of The Pectoral Girdle, Senior Class Ap Help Guides Physiology Worksheet Bones Of The Bones Of The Pectoral Girdle, Right Pectoral Shoulder Girdle Bones Of The Pectoral Girdle, ...
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Steampunk Softies - Ferris Scapula - TOYS, DOLLS AND PLAYTHINGS - Another character from Steampunk Softies. This is Ferris Scapula. He is really quick to make and only takes a few hours.
Kumar, V.P., Satku, K., Herscovici Jr., D. (1993). Fractures of clavicle and scapular neck [5]. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - Series B 75 (3) : 509-. [email protected] Repository ...
Superior medial border of right scapula (Levator Scapula/Rhomboid area). Change of the patients condition during and after session:. Prior to session patient shoulder were tight, ability to rotate neck restricted and sinuses had pressure, also a point of pain at superior medial border of right scapula (LScap/Rhomboids). Post session trapezius muscle softened, shoulders dropped in a relaxation response, neck turned freely, pain was totally eliminated and sinus pressure was diminished, and breathing was non-labored. Patient noted, Now I can breathe though my nose. Lower back pain was eliminated in earlier sessions not using the Slider.. Total number of sessions: With 735AG Slider - 2; with DOVE and/or 735AG Modific - 3-4 times per month.. Total time of treatment (days, weeks): About 30-35 sessions (uses SC as she needs to when bringing in her son for therapy). Final result of treatment:. Upper back (rhomboid) pain, neck tightness and sinus congestion is always eliminated during the session. ...
Activation Drills. When it comes to shoulder positioning, theres an invisible tug-of-war going on, which greatly affects our injury risk. According to Shirley Sahrmann, the levator scapulae and rhomboids are constantly trying to downwardly rotate the scapulae, while the lower traps, upper traps, and serratus anterior are battling back in an attempt to rotate them upwards.. Unfortunately, bad posture and poor exercise programming is helping most peoples rhomboids and levator scapulae win the tug-of-war, leading to downwardly rotated scapulae. Suffice to say that this isnt the position you want your shoulders to be in when youre doing any kind of overhead work.. Push-up Plus. This drill activates your serratus and combats downward scapular rotation. To perform this movement, place your hands shoulder-width apart, allowing your shoulder blades to glide along your body until they come together in the back.. Be sure not to bend your elbows: the movement should come only from your scapulae. From ...
A collection of disease information resources and questions answered by our Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Specialists for Sprengel deformity
PATIENT PRESENTATION A 19-year-old male semi-professional tennis player presents with a chief complaint of a grinding sensation when he moves his right shoulder, especially with overhead and reaching motions. Other symptoms include pain in the lateral and anterior shoulder and crepitus about the scapula. The patients primary concern is that his tennis serve is limited due to the grinding and posterior shoulder pain.. Examination reveals significant scapular protraction and increased thoracic kyphosis (combination of structural and postural), positive impingement test on the right, muscle weakness of the serratus anterior, middle and lower trapezius as well as gross weakness of the rotator cuff musculature. Examination of flexibility reveals shortening of anterior chest musculature, especially pectoralis minor on the right. Joint mobility of the thoracic spine is moderately hypomobile, and the glenohumeral (GH) joint is mildly limited in inferior glide and moderately limited in posterior glide. ...
Tlic infraspinatus nniscle arises from the anterior portion of the lateral sin-face of the scapula and can bo easily traced to its insertion into the great tuberosity of the humerus. The teres minor cannot be separated from it. The supraspinal us muscle arises from the anterior thickened border of the scapula and passes to the great tuberosity of the humerus. The suhscapularis muscle occupies the central portion of the median surface of the scapula. It is separated from the teres major. It passes beneath coracoid process to the lesser tuberosity of the humerus. The triceps muscle is easily traced from its origin by the three heads to its insertion into the olecranon process. The three heads are quite easily distinguished. The long head is smaller in proportion than in the adult. The biceps muscle is more elongated and shows more of a separation of its two heads than in embryo CIX. The long head still arises from the base of the coracoid process. The two heads join about the middle of the humerus ...
42] The fusion rate was 86%. The authors concluded that thoracoscapular arthrodesis using screw fixation improved both short-term and long-term shoulder function in patients with FSHMD.. Williams GR, Shakil M, Klimkiewicz J. Anatomy of the scapulothoracic articulation. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1999 Feb. 237-46. [Medline]. Culham E, Peat M. Functional anatomy of the shoulder complex. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 1993 Jul. 18(1):342-50. [Medline]. Fung M, Kato S, Barrance PJ. Scapular and clavicular kinematics during humeral elevation: a study with cadavers. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2001 May-Jun. 10(3):278-85. [Medline]. Osias W, Matcuk GR Jr, Skalski MR, Patel DB, Schein AJ, Hatch GFR, et al. Scapulothoracic pathology: review of anatomy, pathophysiology, imaging findings, and an approach to management. Skeletal Radiol. 2018 Feb. 47 (2):161-171. [Medline]. Manske RC, Reiman MP, Stovak ML. Nonoperative and operative management of snapping scapula. Am J Sports Med. 2004 Sep. 32(6):1554-65. [Medline]. ...
We present a three dimensional (3D) morphometric modelling study of the scapulae of Felidae, with a focus on the correlations between forelimb postures and extracted scapular shape variations. Our shape modelling results indicate that the scapular infraspinous fossa becomes larger and relatively broader along the craniocaudal axis in larger felids. We infer that this enlargement of the scapular fossa may be a size-related specialization for postural support of the shoulder joint ...
The caudal series is incompletely preserved, although five caudal vertebrae are preserved in articulation posterior to the pelvis. A short rod-like chevron is associated with the most cranial of these vertebrae. The caudals are short and small, with short, flat transverse processes and apparently procoelous intercentral articulations. Near the right femur are a few more isolated caudals. One of them appears to be larger than the others and might possibly represent the pygostyle. Based on the morphology of the preserved caudals, it is probable that Zhongjianornis has only a short caudal series, although the presence of a pygostyle is questionable (figure 5a).. The left scapula is well preserved and articulates with the coracoid at an acute angle, while the left scapula and coracoid are more or less covered by the furcula and right coracoid (figure 4b). The elongate scapula is nearly as long as the humerus, with a curved and distally tapering shaft. The coracoid is also elongated and is a ...
Distant metastases from colon cancer spread most frequently to the liver and the lung. Risk factors include positive lymph nodes and high grade tumors. Isolated metastases to the appendicular skeleton are very rare, particularly in the absence of identifiable risk factors. The patient was a 55 year old male with no previous personal or family history of colon cancer. Routine screening revealed a sigmoid adenocarcinoma. He underwent resection with primary anastomosis and was found to have Stage IIA colon cancer. He declined chemotherapy as part of a clinical trial, and eight months later was found to have an isolated metastasis in his right scapula. This was treated medically, but grew to 12 × 15 cm. The patient underwent a curative forequarter amputation and is now more than four years from his original colon surgery. Stage IIA colon cancers are associated with a high five year survival rate, and chemotherapy is not automatically given. If metastases occur, they are likely to arise from local
Tate AR, McClure PW, Kareha S, Irwin D. The objective of this study was to determine whether manually repositioning the scapula using the Scapula Reposition Test (SRT) reduces pain and increases shoulder elevation strength in athletes with and without positive signs of shoulder impingement. 142 college athletes underwent testing for clinical signs of shoulder impingement. Tests provoking symptoms were repeated with the scapula manually repositioned into greater retraction and posterior tilt. Of the 98 athletes with a positive impingement test, 46 had reduced pain with scapular repositioning. Although repositioning produced an increase in strength in both the impingement and non-impingement groups, a significant increase in strength was found with repositioning in only 26% of athletes with, and 29% of athletes without positive signs for shoulder impingement. The Scapula Reposition Test is a simple clinical test that may potentially be useful in an impairment based classification approach to ...
Although palsy of the long thoracic nerve is the classical pathogenesis of winging scapula, it may also be caused by osteochondroma. This rare etiopathology has previously been described in pediatric patients, but it is seldom observed in adults. We describe three cases of static scapular winging with pain on movement. Case 1 is a Caucasian woman aged 35 years with a wing-like prominence of the medial margin of her right scapula due to an osteochondroma originating from the ventral omoplate. Histopathological evaluation after surgical resection confirmed the diagnosis. The postoperative course was unremarkable without signs of recurrence on examination at 2 years. Case 2 is a Caucasian woman aged 39 years with painful scapula alata and neuralgic pain projected along the left ribcage caused by an osteochondroma of the left scapula with contact to the 2nd and 3rd rib. Following surgical resection, the neuropathic pain continued, demanding neurolysis of the 3rd and 4th intercostal nerve after 8 months. The
TY - JOUR. T1 - The scapular assistance test results in changes in scapular position and subacromial space but not rotator cuff strength in subacromial impingement. AU - Seitz, Amee L.. AU - McClure, Philip W.. AU - Finucane, Sheryl. AU - Ketchum, Jessica M.. AU - Walsworth, Matthew K.. AU - Douglas Boardman, N.. AU - Michener, Lori A.. N1 - Copyright: Copyright 2020 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.. PY - 2012/5. Y1 - 2012/5. N2 - STUDY DESIGN: Controlled laboratory study. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of the modified scapular assistance test (SAT) on 3-dimensional shoulder kinematics, strength, and linear measures of subacromial space in patients with subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). TTBACKGROUND: Abnormal scapular kinematics have been identified in patients with SAIS. Increased scapular upward rotation and posterior tilt, as induced with manual assistance using the SAT, have been theorized to increase subacromial space and may alter shoulder strength. METHODS: Forty-two ...
Looking for online definition of medial border of suprarenal gland in the Medical Dictionary? medial border of suprarenal gland explanation free. What is medial border of suprarenal gland? Meaning of medial border of suprarenal gland medical term. What does medial border of suprarenal gland mean?
scapula; clavicle; coracoid process; acromioclavicular ligament; acromion process; glenohumeral capsule; biceps brachii tendon; humerus; glenohumeral joint
Looking for online definition of suprascapular nerve in the Medical Dictionary? suprascapular nerve explanation free. What is suprascapular nerve? Meaning of suprascapular nerve medical term. What does suprascapular nerve mean?
For scapular upward rotation to occur, scapular downward rotator musculature must lengthen. If scapular downward rotation muscles are tight, they might not be flexible enough to allow for scapular upward rotation, thereby causing shoulder impingement syndrome to occur. ...
Shoulder Impingement Syndrome: Compression of the rotator cuff tendons and subacromial bursa between the humeral head and structures that make up the coracoacromial arch and the humeral tuberosities. This condition is associated with subacromial bursitis and rotator cuff (largely supraspinatus) and bicipital tendon inflammation, with or without degenerative changes in the tendon. Pain that is most severe when the arm is abducted in an arc between 40 and 120 degrees, sometimes associated with tears in the rotator cuff, is the chief symptom. (From Jablonskis Dictionary of Syndromes and Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed)
BACKGROUND: Clinical experience suggests that component impingement can lead to eccentric implant loading and thereby cause glenoid loosening in conventional total shoulder arthroplasty. This study tests the hypothesis that certain implant component positioning configurations may lead to impingement within the physiological range of motion. METHODS: A rigid-body model of the shoulder comprising the scapula and humerus was constructed. Within this 3D model, a commercially available total shoulder arthroplasty implant was positioned according to manufacturer guidelines. The configuration was modified around this default position to investigate the associated angle of inferior and superior impingement during glenohumeral elevation, as well as in lateral impingement during axial rotation at both 0 degrees and 60 degrees of glenohumeral elevation. Glenoid component size, version, inclination and inferior-superior offset as well as humeral component size, torsion, inclination, offset and height were ...
A 20-year-old female, national-level, synchronized ice skater sustained a midsupraspinatus tendon tear (4 mm) in her left shoulder during a training session. Physical tests identified scapular dyskinesis on the involved side, and pain during shoulder flexion tasks. With no best practice identified for the conservative treatment of rotator cuff tears, treatment focused on correcting the scapular dyskinesis present. Within 12 weeks of treatment the patient was pain free, returned to full level of sport, and did not display any signs of scapular dyskinesis. These findings suggest that conservative treatment designed to correct scapular dyskinesis can be effective in alleviating pain and dysfunction associated with rotator cuff tears, as well as reducing time to return to full level of sport when compared to surgical interventions. ...
Human Arm Skeleton Model with Scapula & Clavicle - 3B Smart Anatomy | Arm and Hand Skeleton Models | This Arm Skeleton model with scapula and clavicle is wire mounted, slightly flexible through fingers. Flexible elbow and shoulder joints.
When we raise our arm, there are certain tendons, ligaments, and bursa (fluid-filled sacs) that glide underneath the bone in our shoulder. Shoulder impingement syndrome is what happens when the tendon is trapped in the space and repeatedly rubs against the bone in your shoulder, which then results in inflammation. The combination of pain and weakness when you raise your arm due to this. It can be due to muscle imbalances over time, trauma due to falls, or even from lifting up something heavy suddenly.. What can be done ...
The term frozen shoulder has been around since the early 1930s, but is this the same as shoulder impingement syndrome? And how do we treat these conditions?
Shoulder impingement syndrome is a condition caused by repetitive overhead activity. Oral anti-inflammatories, injection or Shockwave therapy can treat the condition.
Medical definition of spine of the scapula: a projecting triangular bony process on the dorsal surface of the scapula that divides it obliquely into the area of origin of parts of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles and that terminates in the acromion.
The purpose of this single center, 2-week open-label pilot study is to explore the potential usefulness of a heated lidocaine 70 mg and tetracaine 70 mg topical patch for the treatment of pain associated with shoulder impingement syndrome. A number of efficacy variables will be employed to evaluate their utility for assessing painful responses in this population ...
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The long thoracic nerve is a posterior branch from the C5, C6 and C7 roots of the brachial plexus, and supplies the serratus anterior muscle. Gross anatomy Origin The long thoracic nerve arises from the anterior rami of the fifth, sixth and...
OBJECTIVE: Evidence for effective management of shoulder impingement is limited. The present study aimed to quantify the clinical, neurophysiological, and biomechanical effects of a scapular motor control retraining for young individuals with shoulder impingement signs. METHOD: Sixteen adults with shoulder impingement signs (mean age 22 ± 1.6 years) underwent the intervention and 16 healthy participants (24.8 ± 3.1years) provided reference data. Shoulder function and pain were assessed using the Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI) and other questionnaires. Electromyography (EMG) and 3-dimensional motion analysis was used to record muscle activation and kinematic data during arm elevation to 90° and lowering in 3 planes. Patients were assessed pre and post a 10-week motor control based intervention, utilizing scapular orientation retraining. RESULTS: Pre-intervention, patients reported pain and reduced function compared to the healthy participants (SPADI in patients 20 ± 9.2; healthy 0 ± 0).
It is attached, by its apex, to the summit of the acromion just in front of the articular surface for the clavicle; and by its broad base to the whole length of the lateral border of the coracoid process. This ligament, together with the coracoid process and the acromion, forms a vault for the protection of the head of the humerus. It is in relation, above, with the clavicle and under surface of the deltoid muscle; below, with the tendon of the supraspinatus, a bursa being interposed. Its lateral border is continuous with a dense lamina that passes beneath the deltoid upon the tendons of the supraspinatus and infraspinatus. The ligament is sometimes described as consisting of two marginal bands and a thinner intervening portion, the two bands being attached respectively to the apex and the base of the coracoid process, and joining together at the acromion. When the pectoralis minor is inserted, as occasionally is the case, into the capsule of the shoulder-joint instead of into the coracoid ...
Shoulder impingement occurs when the scapula puts pressure on the rotator cuff when lifting your arm. Learn about the symptoms and treatments at UPMC.
Accurately depicts the anatomy of the shoulder joint and rotator cuff region. Shows an anterior (front) view of the skeletal anatomy of the shoulder girdle and humerus, or arm bone. Includes the joint capsule, head of humerus, glenoid labrum, and scapula. The third drawing depicts the supraspinatus muscle, subscapularis muscle, coronoid process, acromion process, and humerus. The final graphic shows the scapula, acromion process, coracoid process, and glenoid labrum.
Accurately depicts the anatomy of the shoulder joint and rotator cuff region. Shows an anterior (front) view of the skeletal anatomy of the shoulder girdle and humerus, or arm bone. Includes the joint capsule, head of humerus, glenoid labrum, and scapula. The third drawing depicts the supraspinatus muscle, subscapularis muscle, coronoid process, acromion process, and humerus. The final graphic shows the scapula, acromion process, coracoid process, and glenoid labrum.
In this work 3 new cases of suprascapular nerve mononeuropathy are described. ENMG diagnosis criteria were: a) normal sensory conduction studies of the ipsolateral ulnar, median and radial nerves; b) bilateral suprascapular nerve latencies with bilateral compound muscle action potential, obtained from the infraspinatus muscle with symmetrical techniques; and c) abnormal neurogenic infraspinatus muscle electromyographic findings, coexisting with normal electromyographical data of the ipsolateral deltoideus and supraspinatus muscles. These 3 cases of suprascapular mononeurpathy were found in 6,080 ENMG exams from our University Hospital. For us this mononeuropathy is rare with a 0.05% occurrence ...
The scapula connects with the clavicle to form the shoulder or pectoral girdle. The shoulder girdle is part of the appendicular skeleton that makes up the arms and legs in human...
Complex glenoid bone deformities present the treating surgeon with a complex reconstructive challenge. Although glenoid bone loss can be encountered in the primary setting (degenerative, congenital, post-traumatic), severe glenoid bone loss is encountered in most revision total shoulder arthroplasties. Severe glenoid bone loss is treated with various techniques including hemiarthroplasty, eccentric reaming, and glenoid reconstruction with bone autografts and allografts. Despite encouraging short- to mid-term results reported with these reconstruction techniques, the clinical and radiographic outcomes remain inconsistent and the high number of complications is a concern. To overcome this problem, more recently augmented components and patient specific implants were introduced. Using the computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing technology patient-specific implants have been created to reconstruct the glenoid vault in cases of severe glenoid bone loss.In this article we describe a patient
Anatomy of the Shoulder Joint. The shoulder is made up of three bones that create what is called the glenohumeral joint. The bones that create the shoulder are the humerus, scapula and clavicle. The only bone to bone connection is at the sternoclavicular joint, where the sternum and clavicle connect. The scapula lies on top of the ribcage connected by soft tissue, and the humerus lies in the glenohumeral joint cushioned by the subacrominal bursa under the acromion. See picture below.. Movement of the Glenohumeral Joint. As mentioned before, the movements of this joint are highly complex and therefore need to be well coordinated in order to prevent injury. The first thing to know about your shoulder girdle before you start to move it, is that it is a lever system. As your arm moves upward, something needs to counter the action by moving downward. In this case, the scapula needs to move downward. In the Pilates world, we call this anchoring the shoulder girdle. Anchoring means allowing the ...
The adipose tissue was collected from the abdomen and inner thigh after infiltration with sodium chloride 0.9% mixed with 2% lidocaine (2 mg/mL) and 1-milliliter epinephrine (1 mg/mL). It was then centrifuged at 3,000 rpm for 5 minutes. The central layer, consisting of usable fat, was then separated from the upper layer (oil) and lower layer (blood and liquid infiltrations) and injected into the body. During the first operation, 70 cc autologous fat was harvested from the abdomen and injected into the painful region of her left scapula. The patient was very satisfied with the result and she experienced relief of her pain for 1 year. Subsequently, surgery was repeated 1 year later and 51 mL autologous fat from the abdomen and flanks was injected into her left scapula as well as 2 mL into the 5th digit of the left foot. This procedure was repeated again 1 year later with harvested fat from the abdomen and an injection of 60 mL into the left scapula, 3 mL into the left foot, and 12 mL autologous ...
Modified Woodward Procedure for Sprengels Deformity -- Shoulder External Rotation Tendon Transfers for Brachial Plexus Birth Palsy -- Proximal Humerus Fracture: Reduction and Fixation with Elastic Nail -- Open Reduction and Internal Fixation of Displaced Medial Epicondyle Fracture Using a Screw and Washer -- Radial Head/Neck Fracture: Closed Reduction, Percutaneous Reduction, and Open Reduction -- Lateral Humeral Condyle Fracture: Closed Reduction and Percutaneous Pinning and Open Reduction and Internal Fixation -- Forearm Fractures: Closed Treatment -- Closed Reduction and Pinning of Distal Radius Fractures -- Forearm Fractures: Intramedullary Rodding -- Digital Syndactyly Release -- Innominate Osteotomy -- Chiari Pelvic Osteotomy -- Triple Pelvic Osteotomy -- Single-Incision Supraperiosteal Triple Innominate Osteotomy -- Repair of Proximal Hamstring Avulsion -- Hip Pyarthritis -- Percutaneous in situ Cannulated Screw Fixation of Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis -- Bernese Periacetabular ...
This condition occurs when the tendons of the rotator cuff, along with the subacromial bursa, become compressed against a bony scapula protrusion called the acromion.
ICD Codes. ICD-10 Central Data Repository.. ICD10 Codes S43316 (Dislocation of unspecified scapula) - S43421S (Sprain of right rotator cuff capsule, sequela)
List of causes of Achilles tendon bruise and Musculoskeletal symptoms and Scapula infection, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
Levator Scapulae Syndrome is an historical name for pain over the upper medial angle of the scapula[1] that is still used in clinical practice in some places around the world.  This terminology (and use of the word syndrome) describes a set of signs and symptoms that often present together without identifying the cause of the pain and dysfunction, as is the case with other syndromes such as chronic fatigue syndrome and irritable bowel syndrome. It is widely considered better practice to use more specific terminology that refers to relevant causative factors that can be addressed during treatment.
Definition of angulus superior scapulae. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and definitions.
Snapping scapula syndrome. In: Shamus E. Shamus E Ed. Eric Shamus.eds. Quick Answers: Physiotherapy New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2012. http://accessphysiotherapy.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=855§ionid=49735074. Accessed October 20, 2017 ...
List of causes of Achilles tendon bruise and Scapula swelling, alternative diagnoses, rare causes, misdiagnoses, patient stories, and much more.
A common condition, impingement syndrome, can commonly occur in the shoulder. Shoulder impingement most often is seen in older adults, but anyone can experience it. Shoulder and rotator cuff bursitis are closely related and can occur in combination with shoulder impingement.
Shoulder impingement is a disorder which causes severe pain, stiffness and inflammation of the shoulder. Dr. Humphrey, shoulder specialist in Eagle and Boise, provides treatment for shoulder impingement.
How can we tell if the pain is a Glenoid Labrum Tear? A Glenoid Labrum Tear will cause a sharp deep pain in the shoulder during motion. There can also be a feeling of stuckness and a painful clunking or clicking sound during motion. Why do we get a Glenoid Labrum Tear? The shoulder is…
An in-depth literature review on Shoulder Impingement as of Spring 2017. The different types of shoulder impingements, causes and treatments are discussed.
On Monday I will have my hopefully last revision surgery. It is an unusual fix to needing a thoracoplasty. Every doctor has decided that would be a very risky surgery. But my right scapula is trapped on my ribs 3,4,5. With ribs 3 and 4 being too far apart. So the team of doctors at the University of Chicago have come up with a different approach. I will have a scapulectomy and muscle reconstruction. I understand from the surgeon that he will remove as much of the scapula that he can and
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Position of supraglenoid tubercle (shown in red). Left scapula. Still image. Left scapula, lateral view. Position of ... The supraglenoid tubercle ossifies separately from the rest of the scapula, so may not be as strong as the rest of the bone. It ... The supraglenoid tubercle is a region of the scapula from which the long head of the biceps brachii muscle originates. It is a ... This may also cause a fracture of the surrounding parts of the scapula, particularly the glenoid cavity. This may also occur in ...
Left scapula. Dorsal surface. (Sup. notch visible at top center.) Costal surface of left scapula. Suprascapular notch labeled ... The suprascapular notch (or scapular notch) is a notch in the superior border of the scapula, just medial to the base of the ... Left scapula. Suprascapular notch shown in red. Animation. Suprascapular notch shown in red. ... Hrdicka, Ales (1942). "The scapula: visual observations". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 29: 73-94. doi:10.1002/ ...
Left scapula. Coracoid process shown in red. Animation. Coracoid process shown in red. Left scapula. Lateral view. Coracoid ... The coracoid process is a thick curved process attached by a broad base to the upper part of the neck of the scapula; it runs ... This reflect, according to one interpretation, a scapula positioned high on a funnel-shaped thorax and a clavicle positioned ... Gallino, Mario; Santamaria, Eliana; Tiziana, Doro (1998). "Anthropometry of the scapula: Clinical and surgical considerations ...
It inserts on the medial border of the scapula, from about the level of the scapular spine to the scapula's inferior angle. The ... The rhomboids work collectively with the levator scapulae muscles to elevate the medial border of the scapula, downwardly ... it acts together with the rhomboid minor to keep the scapula pressed against thoracic wall and to retract the scapula toward ... and those with cranial movements into levator scapulae. Position of rhomboid major muscle (shown in red). Left scapula. Dorsal ...
Their functions are the following: Drawing scapula superomedially Supporting scapula Rotating glenoid cavity inferiorly ... Left scapula. Posterior surface. Full back muscle flex ... Standring, Susan, ed. (2016). Gray's anatomy: the anatomical basis ... The rhomboid muscles (/ˈrɒmbɔɪd/), often simply called the rhomboids, are rhombus-shaped muscles associated with the scapula. ... while it inserts to the medial border of scapula. The rhomboid minor muscle originates from the nuchal ligament and spinous ...
Krishna, Garg (2010). "7 - Scapula". BD Chaurasia's Human Anatomy (Regional and Applied Dissection and Clinical) Volume 1 - ...
The upper fibers elevate the scapulae, the middle fibers retract the scapulae, and the lower fibers depress the scapulae. In ... which retracts the scapula; and a lower (ascending) part which medially rotates and depresses the scapula. The superior or ... and movement of the spine when the scapulae are stable. Its main function is to stabilize and move the scapula. ... When the scapulae are stable, a co-contraction of both sides can extend the neck. Dysfunction of the trapezius can result in ...
Left scapula. Great scapular notch shown in red. Animation. Great scapular notch shown in red. Suprascapular notch ... Scapula (Left)" v t e Anatomy portal. ...
Left scapula. Infraglenoid tubercle shown in red. Animation. Infraglenoid tubercle shown in red. Lateral view of left scapula. ... Anterior surface of left scapula. Infraglenoid tubercle is "11" Anterior surface of left scapula. Infraglenoid tubercle shown ... The infraglenoid tubercle is the part of the scapula from which the long head of the triceps brachii muscle originates. The ... Anatomy photo:05:os-0215 at the SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "Axillary Region: Scapula (Left)" radiographsul at The Anatomy ...
Left scapula. Animation. Acromial angle is shown in red. Position of acromial angle (shown in red). Animation. Left scapula. ... Medial view of left scapula. Acromional angle shown in red. Acromion Spine of scapula "acromial angle." The American Heritage, ... Acromial angle is a prominent bony point at the junction of the lateral border of acromion and the spine of scapula. ...
Left scapula. Infraglenoid tubercle shown in red. Lateral view of left scapula. Infraglenoid tubercle shown in red. Animation. ... Position of supraglenoid tubercle (shown in red). Left scapula. Still image. Left scapula, lateral view. Position of ... The glenoid tubercles are two small bony eminences (or tubercles) located above and below the glenoid cavity on the scapula. ... The infraglenoid tubercle is located on the lateral part of the scapula, inferior to (below) the glenoid cavity. The name ...
Muscles on the dorsum of the scapula, and the Triceps brachii. Triangular Interval Syndrome (TIS) was described as a ... ISBN 0-7817-5309-0. Krishna, Garg (2010). "7 - Scapula". BD Chaurasia's Human Anatomy (Regional and Applied Dissection and ...
Quadrilateral space syndrome Triangular space Triangular interval Muscles on the dorsum of the scapula, and the Triceps brachii ... Scapula". BD Chaurasia's Human Anatomy (Regional and Applied Dissection and Clinical) Volume 1 - Upper limb and thorax (Fifth ...
Located inferior to levator scapulae and superior to rhomboid major, it acts together with the latter to keep the scapula ... working in tandem with the levator scapulae muscle to rotate the scapulae downward. While other shoulder muscles are active, ... It is inserted into a small area of the medial border of the scapula at the level of the scapular spine. Together with the ... In human anatomy, the rhomboid minor is a small skeletal muscle on the back that connects the scapula with the vertebrae of the ...
... right scapula; proximal end of left scapula; left coracoid; right humerus, radius and fragmentary ulna; proximal and distal end ... The scapula is very gracile in constitution but thicker at the glenoid, with a relatively large coracoid; the humerus is also ...
Left scapula. Infraspinatous fossa shown in red. Animation. Infraspinatous fossa shown in red. Still image. Left scapula. ... "Infra-spinatous" fossa visible at bottom right.) Left scapula. Dorsal surface. Infraspinatous fossa not labeled, but visible at ... The infraspinatous fossa (infraspinatus fossa, infraspinous fossa) of the scapula is much larger than the supraspinatous fossa ...
Left scapula. Glenoid cavity shown in red. Animation. Glenoid cavity shown in red. Glenoid fossa of right side. Anterior view ... The glenoid cavity or glenoid fossa of scapula is a part of the shoulder. It is a shallow, pyriform articular surface, which is ... The place on the scapula where it articulated with the humerus (upper bone of the forelimb) is called the glenoid. The glenoid ... In dinosaurs the main bones of the pectoral girdle were the scapula (shoulder blade) and the coracoid, both of which directly ...
... scapula fracture." Fossil remains of Neovenator have been found on the Isle of Wight off southern England, and were first ...
A bison scapula hoe is one artifact found at the site. It is located 3 miles (4.8 km) south of Minneapolis, between the Solomon ... "Bison scapula hoe". Kansas Memory. Wedel, Waldo. "Minneapolis 1: A Prehistoric Village Site in Ottawa County, Kansas". Nebraska ...
"Bison Scapula Hoes". OK Artifacts. Archived from the original on 2013-05-25. Retrieved 2013-11-15. Owen, James (2009). "Bone ... Hoes fashioned from bison scapula were common cultivating tools among the Plains Village Indians. In particular, it was used ...
It includes two cervical, one dorsal and two caudal vertebrae; a right scapula; a left forelimb only lacking the carpus; a ...
... anteroposteriorly narrow scapula; ilium with posterior iliac process with compressed dorsal end bearing longitudinal grooves ...
Its caudal buttress of the proximal head of the scapula is oriented quite laterally, parallel to the pseudoacromial process. ... scapula; AENM 2/913, sternal; AENM 2/117, 2/903, 2/907-908, humeri; AENM 2/905, ulna; AENM 2/904, radius; AENM 2/922, nearly ...
The scapula, on left. Lateral view of the left scapula Most fractures of the scapula can be seen on a chest X-ray; however, ... A scapular fracture is a fracture of the scapula, the shoulder blade. The scapula is sturdy and located in a protected place, ... The scapula is protected from the front by the ribcage and chest, and from the back it is protected by a thick layer of muscles ... The scapula has a body, neck, and spine; any of these may be fractured. The most commonly injured areas are the scapular body, ...
Scapulae are shown as semi-transparent. Left scapula, costal surface. Attachment point for the SA is seen on the left border. ... The inferior part can pull the lower end of the scapula laterally and forward and thus rotates the scapula to make elevation of ... because it is largely responsible for the protraction of the scapula - that is, the pulling of the scapula forward and around ... In primates, the thoracic cage is wide and the scapula is rotated onto its posterior side to have the glenoid cavity face ...
The forelimbs include the scapula and furcula, both humeri and right hand phalanges, as well as metacarpal III. Because the ... left scapula and coracoid; the furcula; the left ulna; both femora, tibiae, and ulnae; the right calcaneum; right astragalus; ...
Gaius Julius Scapula (135-136); Julius Candidus (136-137); Lucius Marcius Celer Marcus Calpurnius Longus (between 134 and 144 ...
Scapula, literally "shoulder-blade", was probably given to someone with prominent shoulders. The Scapulae were the only ... Quintus Ostorius Scapula, appointed by Augustus one of the first two prefects of the Praetorian Guard, in AD 2. Publius ... Marcus Ostorius Scapula, consul in AD 98, during the reign of Nerva. Ostoria, daughter of Ostorius Euhodus and Caprilia Cassia ... Quintus Ostorius (P. f.) Scapula, consul suffectus in AD 41. He was probably the son of the governor of Egypt, but perhaps of ...
... Left scapula. Posterior surface. Teres major muscle Accessory muscles of the scapula This article ... It attaches to the scapula and the humerus and is one of the seven scapulohumeral muscles. It is a thick but somewhat flattened ... Muscles on the dorsum of the scapula, and the Triceps brachii muscle: #3 latissimus dorsi muscle #5 teres major muscle #6 teres ... major muscle originates on the dorsal surface of the inferior angle and the lower part of the lateral border of the scapula. ...
The rhomboid major, rhomboid minor, and levator scapulae periscapular muscles are transferred laterally on the scapula to ... and the levator scapulae was transferred laterally to the spine of the scapula, near the acromion. The procedure was first ... Like the original and modified Eden-Lange procedures, the levator scapulae is transferred to the scapular spine. In the T3 ... In detail, the rhomboid minor is transferred to just medial of the transferred levator scapulae, and the rhomboid major is ...
Left scapula. Dorsal surface. (Superior border labeled at center top.) Scapula. Medial view. Scapula. Anterior face. Scapula. ... The name scapula might be related that due to existence of the spine of the scapula a concavity exist in the scapula. Otherwise ... In classical Latin scapula is only used in its plural scapulae. Although some sources mention that scapulae is used to refer ... In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas), also known as the shoulder bone, shoulder blade, wing bone or blade bone ...
Mitrella scapula is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Columbellidae, the dove snails. The length ... This marine species occurs off New Caledonia MolluscaBase (2018). Mitrella scapula K. Monsecour & D. Monsecour, 2016. Accessed ... "Mitrella scapula". Gastropods.com. Retrieved 16 January 2019. v t e. ...
The scapula, also called the shouder blade, is either of two large, roughly triangular flat bones found on either side of the ... Further anatomy of the scapula. The scapula lies on the posterior thoracic wall between the second and the seventh ribs. On its ... The anterior surface of the scapula is concave and forms the shallow subscapular fossa. The posterior surface of the scapula is ... The scapula, also called the shouder blade, is either of two large, roughly triangular flat bones found on either side of the ...
The management of scapula fractures has historically been nonoperative, perhaps in part due to the paucity of information reg … ... Scapula fractures are relatively rare fractures which are typically a result of high energy trauma. Associated multisystemic ... Scapula fractures Orthop Clin North Am. 2002 Jan;33(1):1-18, vii. doi: 10.1016/s0030-5898(03)00069-5. ... The management of scapula fractures has historically been nonoperative, perhaps in part due to the paucity of information ...
Scapula definition is - either of a pair of large triangular bones lying one in each dorsal lateral part of the thorax, being ... Share scapula Post the Definition of scapula to Facebook Share the Definition of scapula on Twitter ... Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about scapula. Comments on scapula What made you want to look up scapula? Please tell us ... More from Merriam-Webster on scapula Spanish Central: Translation of scapula Nglish: Translation of scapula for Spanish ...
The scapula is commonly referred to as the shoulder blade. It connects the humerus bone of the arm to the collarbone. There are ... Scapula. Scapula. Medically reviewed by the Healthline Medical Network - Written by the Healthline Editorial Team - Updated on ... The scapula is commonly referred to as the shoulder blade. It connects the humerus bone of the arm to the collarbone. There are ... This muscle is responsible for pulling up the scapula, which allows for the shrugging movement of the shoulders. The ...
The snapping scapula syndrome is caused by either osseous lesions or scapulothoracic bursitis and can be difficult to recognize ... The scapulothoracic articulation is a sliding junction between the deep aspect of the scapula and thoracic rib cage at the ... to discuss the anatomy of the scapulothoracic articulation with an emphasis on the pathology associated with snapping scapula ... Levator scapulae. Transverse processes of C1-C4 vertebrae. Medial border of the scapula from the superior angle to the spine. ...
The other scapula muscles will work with the levator scapulae to secure the scapula and its corresponding glenoid cavity to ... Levator Scapulae Muscle. The levator scapulae muscle resides at that back and side of the neck. Levator means to lift in Latin ... In addition, the levator scapulae muscle laterally flexes the neck to the side when the scapula is fixed. ... The levator scapulae are served by two or three branches of the fourth and fifth cervical nerves and often by a dorsal scapular ...
A Scapula Fracture is a break in the shoulder blade. It is quite a rare injury which occurs from a direct impact, most often in ... Scapula fracture or broken shoulder blade is caused by either a direct impact to the scapula from a blunt object or from a fall ... A scapula fracture is a break in the shoulder blade bone at the back of the shoulder. This is a relatively uncommon injury, ... Symptoms of a scapula fracture. Broken shoulder blade symptoms consist of sudden pain at the back of the shoulder at the time ...
In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas[1]), also known as shoulder bone, shoulder blade, wing bone or blade bone ... Scapula/ScapulaeEdit. The name scapula as synonym of shoulder blade is of Latin origin.[16] It is commonly used in medical ... The lateral angle of the scapula or glenoid angle also known as the head of the scapula is the thickest part of the scapula. It ... In classical Latin scapula is only used in its plural scapulae.[20] Although some sources mention that scapulae is used to ...
Scapula. Scapula. - See:. - Clavicle. - Neoplastic Diff dx. - Sprengels Deformity. - Scapular Fractures. - Anatomy:. - scapula ... Treatment of painful scapulothoracic crepitus by resection of the superomedial angle of the scapula. A report of three cases. ... Traumatic lateral displacement of the scapula: a radiographic sign of neurovascular disruption. ...
Can you name the scapula Test your knowledge on this science quiz to see how you do and compare your score to others. Quiz by ...
Pec deck & scapula movement. Post by paul_k » Mon Jan 21, 2008 11:58 am ... In this exercise and at the end of the squeze I can see the scapula moving away from thw spine, around the thoracik cage.. What ... Im no expert but I think the scapula is just moving because its attached to the shoulder. The only muscle doing any work is ... Pec deck & scapula movement. Discussion of peer refereed articles and clinical applications. ...
REMARKS UPON EXCISION OF THE BODY OF THE SCAPULA WITH AN ILLUSTRATIVE CASE ... REMARKS UPON EXCISION OF THE BODY OF THE SCAPULA. Br Med J 1908; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.2465.737 (Published 28 ...
The scapula connects with the clavicle to form the shoulder or pectoral girdle. The shoulder girdle is part of the appendicular ... What Is the Function of the Scapula?. A: The function of the scapula is to provide movement and stabilization of the arm at the ... The scapula connects to the bones of the upper arm, and many arm muscles attach at the scapula. The shoulder girdle promotes ... The scapula is the shoulder blade. It rests on one end of the clavicle, also known as the collarbone. The other end of the ...
Definition of angulus superior scapulae. Provided by Stedmans medical dictionary and Drugs.com. Includes medical terms and ...
Can you name the Features of the scapula? Test your knowledge on this science quiz to see how you do and compare your score to ... Science Quiz / Features of the scapula. Random Science or Anatomy Quiz QUIZ: Can you name the Features of the scapula?. by ...
Winging of the scapula manifests when there is pathology affecting the muscles of the shoulder girdle or the nerves supplying ... Posteriorly, a winged scapula protrudes further out compared to the normal side. The wall push test, where the patient pushes ... The scapula maintains dynamic stability of the GH joint, in addition to providing a stable base for muscular attachments. ... Also known as brachial neuritis, this can lead to weakness of the scapula muscles. The syndrome is idiopathic in the majority ...
Bears receiver Kevin White sustained a fractured scapula in Sundays loss to the Falcons and will be placed on injured reserve ... Bears receiver Kevin White sustained a fractured scapula in Sundays loss to the Falcons and will be placed on injured reserve ... Coach John Fox revealed Monday that White sustained a fractured scapula early in the fourth quarter when he was hit by ...
Surgical treatment of winged scapula. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2008;466(3):652-60.PubMedCentralPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ... The snapping scapula: diagnosis and treatment. Arthroscopy. 2009;25(11):1298-311.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Kibler W.B., Sciascia A. (2015) Anatomy of Scapula Winging. In: Bain G., Itoi E., Di Giacomo G., Sugaya H. (eds) Normal and ... Quantitative anatomy of the scapula. Am J Orthop. 2000;29(4):287-92.PubMedGoogle Scholar ...
Scapulas not that bad though, the suspension will give him time to heal if the Pack decides to hang on to him. He does catch ... Spencer Havner breaks scapula in motorcycle accident. Posted by Gregg Rosenthal on March 15, 2010, 11:13 PM EST ... How in the hell does a guy break his scapula (shoulder blade) without banging his head on the ground so hard that he fractures ... How in the hell does a guy break his scapula (shoulder blade) without banging his head on the ground so hard that he fractures ...
... Ankit Balani, Ashwini Sankhe, Tilak Dedhia, Maunil Bhuta, Narayan ... We report a rare case of a parosteal lipoma arising in the scapula with a bony excrescence in a 38-year-old male. ... Around 150 cases have been reported in English literature with scapula being a rare site of involvement. They are known to be ...
... these studies did not describe danger zones during open reduction and internal fixation of the fractured scapula. We therefore ... Vulnerable neurovasculature with a posterior approach to the scapula Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2009 Aug;467(8):2011-7. doi: ... The infraspinatus and teres minor musculature were elevated off the posterior scapula body to reveal critical areas where the ... These danger zones can aid the surgeon in determining the risk for suprascapular nerve injury, specifically with scapula ...
Learners study the muscles of the scapula and check their knowledge on each page by identifying the muscles on diagrams and ... Muscles of the Scapula Download a Copy , See more in Health Science ... Learners study the muscles of the scapula and check their knowledge on each page by identifying the muscles on diagrams and ...
ar:لوح الكتف ca:Omòplat de:Scapula eo:Skapolo gl:Omoplata id:Tulang belikat it:Scapola he:עצם השכם la:Scapula lt:Mentė hu: ... The posterior surface of the scapula is divided by a bony projection, the spina scapulae (opposite to the fossa subscapularis) ... SUNY Labs 10:st-0301 - "Joints of the Upper Extremity: Scapula. Sources. This article was originally based on an entry from a ... this peak is called tuber scapulae. After this peak the spina scapulae steeply decays in height. For humans and carnivores and ...
Agenesis of the scapula in Emx2 homozygous mutants [17].. *(1) The scapula develops in a rostral-to-caudal direction and overt ... The role of Emx2 during scapula formation [8].. *Furthermore, we show that the formation of the scapula head is dependent, ... High impact information on Scapula. *In addition, loss of beta-catenin results in a severe agenesis of the scapula [5]. ... Disease relevance of Scapula. *Within the next year, a diffuse mixed small and large cell lymphoma of his scapula developed ...
Operative Versus Nonoperative Treatment for Scapula Fractures. The safety and scientific validity of this study is the ... nonoperative treatment of scapula fractures. The specific aim of this project is to monitor the return to function of patients ... The subject population will include patients seen at participating facilities for the care of scapula fractures, who are 18 ... Multicenter Prospective Study of Operative and Non-operative Treatment for Scapula Fractures. ...
The physio thinks maybe her scapula is rubbing on the ribs. The scapula juts out a fair amount. When we compared backs with her ... Pain around scapula/nothing helps Does anyone else have this pain? My daughter has a 51* curve and will have surgery, but the ... I am hoping that surgery will re align the scapula so that her muscles will not be so strained.. (I also posted this on the ... You write that Leahs scapula is much more prominent compared with her friends. That is a sign that your doughter has a quite ...
Bone is the Scapula. Landmark is the Infraspinous fossa: inferior to the spine of the scapula. Attachment site for the ... The bone is the Scapula. The landmark is Supraspinous fossa: Superior to the spine of the scapula. Attachment site for the ... The bone is the scapula. The landmark is Subscapular fossa: on the anterior side of the scapula. Attachment site for the ... This bone is the Scapula. The landmark is Glenoid fossa(cavity): Articulated with the head of the humerus. ...
Bone Golem Scapula Item Level 219 Binds when picked up. One Hand. Mace. 92 - 120 Damage. Speed 2.60. (40.8 damage per second). ...
  • In anatomy, the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas), also known as the shoulder bone, shoulder blade, wing bone or blade bone, is the bone that connects the humerus (upper arm bone) with the clavicle (collar bone). (wikipedia.org)
  • The scapula provides for the firm attachment of muscles that move the forelimb and an articulation for the humerus at the glenoid cavity . (daviddarling.info)
  • The superolateral angle of the scapula forms the pear-shaped glenoid cavity, or fossa, which articulates with the head of the humerus. (daviddarling.info)
  • The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles and two tendons that connect the humerus, or upper arm, to the scapula, or shoulder blade. (reference.com)
  • The shoulder girdle is comprised of the clavicle and scapula, which allows articulation of the humerus at the glenohumeral (GH) joint. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • In anatomy , the scapula (plural scapulae or scapulas ) [1] or spaul-bane , is the bane that connects the humerus (airm bane) wi the hausebane (clavicle). (wikipedia.org)
  • The shoulder joint is an articulation between the humerus and scapula (shoulder blade). (tripawds.com)
  • To determine if anthropometric measurements of Labrador scapula, humerus, ulna and radius, or their ratios, are related to the presence of Elbow Dysplasia (ED). (vin.com)
  • Digital caliper measurements of the lengths of the left scapula, humerus, radius and ulna, and their ratios, were analyzed, by gender, against International Elbow Working Group a (IEWG) derived ED radiological scores. (vin.com)
  • The shape and position of the forequarters, consisting of the shoulders, the scapulae and the humerus (upper arm) and sternum (breastbone) are noticeably different in different types of animals and even in different breeds of dogs to serve its purpose in the movement of that animal. (petmassage.com)
  • Here we can palpate the "point of the shoulder" where the scapula articulates with the humerus of the foreleg at the scapula-humeral joint, and where the greater tubercle of the humerus projects in front of the joint. (petmassage.com)
  • The pectoralis major transfer and split pectoralis major transfer procedures involve transposition of the pectoralis major muscle from the bicipital groove of the humerus and the medial portion of the clavicle to the scapula, thus reestablishing the shoulder's range of motion [11] . (cureus.com)
  • Depression in the scapula that articulates with the humerus. (bbcprograms.com)
  • The third group, which is mainly responsible for stabilization and rotation of the scapula, consists of the trapezius, serratus anterior, levator scapulae, and rhomboid muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • If one of these muscles is paralyzed, this balance is upset, as in dropped shoulder , which occurs with paralysis of the trapezius , or winged scapula , which occurs with paralysis of the serratus anterior . (daviddarling.info)
  • The scapular spine separates the supraspinatus fossa from the infraspinatus fossa and extends from superiorly and laterally from the medial edge of the scapula, serving as the attachment of the trapezius and posterior deltoid muscles. (hindawi.com)
  • The sternocleidomastoid covers the superior portion of the levator scapula and the trapezius covers the inferior part. (innerbody.com)
  • Alternatively, this may be through damage to the spinal accessory nerve supplying the trapezius, acquired during surgery or from radiation to the posterior triangle of the neck, causing lateral winging of the scapula. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • Romero J, Gerber C. Levator scapulae and rhomboid transfer for paralysis of trapezius: The Eden-Lange procedure. (springer.com)
  • The trapezius muscle is a large muscle above your scapula which lifts and rotates your scapula. (shoulderdoc.co.uk)
  • Levator scapulae and rhomboid transfer for paralysis of trapezius. (nih.gov)
  • The patient underwent a wide resection of the left scapula and multiple muscle rotation flaps for soft tissue reconstruction and closure of dead space, including rotation of the latissimus dorsi muscle, rhomboid muscle, serratus anterior muscle, trapezius muscle, deltoid muscle, and teres major muscle. (aaos.org)
  • a) Stretch the upper trapezius and levator scapulae muscles both pre and postflight. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Stretching the Levator Scapulae and the surrounding muscles like the trapezius (upper and lower) are beneficial in reducing the pain, increasing range of motion and quality of life. (physio-pedia.com)
  • An underactive serratus anterior will not rotate the scapula properly, and an underactive lower trapezius will not depress the scapula properly. (dynamicchiropractic.ca)
  • After visual analysis, use your hands to feel and "listen" to the scapular controlling muscles: serratus anterior, rhomboids, upper trapezius, levator scapulae, middle/lower trapezius, and pectoralis minor. (dynamicchiropractic.ca)
  • Winged scapula is caused by paralysis of the serratus anterior or trapezius muscles due to damage to the long thoracic or accessory nerves, resulting in loss of strength and range of motion of the shoulder. (cureus.com)
  • Less frequently observed is a winged scapula resulting from trapezius palsy. (cureus.com)
  • The modified Eden-Lange procedure is similarly performed to correct winged scapula due to trapezius muscle palsy. (cureus.com)
  • The scapula, a flat, triangular bone that contributes to the posterior aspect of the shoulder girdle, is found bilaterally on the dorsal surface of the body and is stabilized through the actions of both the serratus anterior and the trapezius muscles [17] . (cureus.com)
  • Back The back of the scapula (also called the dorsal or posterior surface) is arched from above downward, and is subdivided into two unequal parts by the spine of the scapula. (wikipedia.org)
  • The scapula lies on the posterior thoracic wall between the second and the seventh ribs . (daviddarling.info)
  • On its posterior surface the spine of the scapula projects backward. (daviddarling.info)
  • The posterior surface of the scapula is divided by the spine into the supraspinous fossa above and an infraspinous fossa below. (daviddarling.info)
  • Fortunately, most fractures of the scapula require little treatment because the muscles on the anterior and posterior surfaces adequately splint the fragments. (daviddarling.info)
  • The position of the scapula on the posterior wall of the thorax is maintained by the tone and balance of the muscles attached to it. (daviddarling.info)
  • The lower picture is a posterior (from the rear) view of the thorax (scapula shown in red. (wikipedia.org)
  • The infraspinatus and teres minor musculature were elevated off the posterior scapula body to reveal critical areas where the suprascapular neurovasculature and circumflex scapular artery were vulnerable to injury. (nih.gov)
  • The posterior surface of the scapula is divided by a bony projection, the spina scapulae (opposite to the fossa subscapularis) into the supraspinous fossa and the infraspinous fossa. (wikidoc.org)
  • The lawer pictur is a posterior view o the thorax (scapula shawn in reid. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is basically a problem of the normal interplay and movement between the anterior (or front) of the scapula and the posterior (or back of the) chest wall. (caringmedical.com)
  • Typically arising from the transverse process of C3 to C5, the levator claviculae courses inferiorly, lateral to the scalene and levator scapulae muscles , medial and posterior to the sternocleidomastoid muscle and usually inserting on the clavicle. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The likely mechanism for posterior notching is described by Middernarcht and coworkers, who conducted a cadaveric study of 200 scapulae to characterize the geometry of the lateral border of the scapula and reported that its posterior portion is offset in the glenoid plane. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The scapula , also known as the shoulder blade, is a flat triangular bone located at the back of the trunk and resides over the posterior surface of ribs two to seven. (kenhub.com)
  • However, because the medial aspect of the scapula is not directly attached to the axial skeleton, but is rather held in place and connected to the thorax and vertebral column by muscles, the scapula can move freely across the posterior thoracic wall ( scapulothoracic joint ). (kenhub.com)
  • At the back of the scapula is the convex and uneven posterior surface which has a protruding ridge of bone ( spine of the scapula) that unevenly separates it into two divisions: the superior supraspinous fossa and the much bigger, inferior infraspinous fossa . (kenhub.com)
  • The acromion process is a palpable lateral and enlarged extension of the posterior spine of the scapula which projects anterolaterally to the spine. (kenhub.com)
  • The extrinsic muscles include the biceps, triceps, and deltoid muscles and attach to the coracoid process and supraglenoid tubercle of the scapula, infraglenoid tubercle of the scapula, and spine of the scapula. (wikipedia.org)
  • The inferior angle of the scapula can be palpated easily in the living subject and marks the level of the seventh rib and the spine of the seventh thoracic vertebrae . (daviddarling.info)
  • The scapula has several important osseous features, including the acromion, coracoid process, spine [ 1 ], and glenoid fossa. (hindawi.com)
  • In this exercise and at the end of the squeze I can see the scapula moving away from thw spine, around the thoracik cage. (exrx.net)
  • This projection is called the spine of the scapula . (wikidoc.org)
  • Landmark is the Infraspinous fossa: inferior to the spine of the scapula. (flashcardmachine.com)
  • Medial border of the scapula between spine and superior angle. (getbodysmart.com)
  • Snapping Scapula Syndrome, also known as "Washboard syndrome," Scapulocostal Syndrome or Scapulothoracic Syndrome, is characterized by a grating, grinding, popping or snapping sensation of the scapula onto the back side of the ribs or thoracic area of the spine . (caringmedical.com)
  • The levator scapulae muscle extends from C1-4 to the medial aspect of the scapula, between the superior angle and the root of the spine. (physio-pedia.com)
  • With this presentation of pain and trigger points in the region of the levator scapulae it is important to complete a full assessment of the cervical spine as pain in this region is often referred from the cervical spine. (physio-pedia.com)
  • Primary treatment with be aimed at the dysfunction that you hypothesise to be causing the levator scapulae dysfunction i.e. the cervical spine. (physio-pedia.com)
  • The purpose of this study was to determine which spinal segment most closely corresponds to the level of the inferior angle of the scapula (IAS) using measurements taken on A-P full-spine radiographs. (activator.com)
  • 16. Triangular area of the bse of the spine of the scapula. (brainscape.com)
  • Medial border of the scapula should be approximately parallel or upwardly rotated to the spine (the inferior angle should be lateral to the superior medial border). (dynamicchiropractic.ca)
  • Medial edge of the spine of the scapulae is level with T3 and projects to T4. (dynamicchiropractic.ca)
  • The spine of the scapula is easily palpated on most animals. (petmassage.com)
  • We can palpate shoulder and feel the scapula as a flat bone with a spine down the middle and slight depressions or fossa on either side of the spine. (petmassage.com)
  • If these muscles atrophy or shrink, the spine becomes more noticeable and the scapula loses its stability. (petmassage.com)
  • At the ventral/caudal neck the scapular spine thickens at the acromion process of the scapula. (petmassage.com)
  • In addition, the levator scapulae is attached to the spine of the scapula [4] . (cureus.com)
  • In such animals, the scapula is usually a relatively simple plate, lacking the projections and spine that it possesses in mammals. (bbcprograms.com)
  • By the same token, those points in the hollow of the scapula are likewise more impressed and hollowed which correspond to the ends of the spine. (northwestern.edu)
  • For aside from the fact that the neck of the scapula (C, D in fig. 1) is posteriorly drawn out and gathered away from the scapular spine, it is also especially heavy and inwardly protuberant at this point, significantly increasing this cavity. (northwestern.edu)
  • The levator scapula, or as I will refer to it…levator scap, runs from the upper cervical spine (neck) to the scapula (shoulder blade). (prochiromt.com)
  • The following scapular measurements were performed: morphological length, morphological width, projection length of the scapular spine, maximal width of the scapular spine, length of the acromion, maximal length of the coracoid process, length of the superior border of the scapula, morphological height of the supraspinous fossa, length of the lateral border of the scapula, and morphological height of infraspinous fossa. (viamedica.pl)
  • The most medial border of the scapula (vertebral border) is approximately 5 cm from the vertebral column, although this distance varies depending on scapular protraction and retraction (Figures 1 and 2 ). (hindawi.com)
  • In the middle of the levator scapulae, the spinal accessory nerve flows laterally and the dorsal scapular nerve may rest much lower to go through it. (innerbody.com)
  • The levator scapulae are served by two or three branches of the fourth and fifth cervical nerves and often by a dorsal scapular branch. (innerbody.com)
  • Quantitative morphology of the scapula: normal variation of the superomedial scapular angle, and superior and inferior pole thickness. (springer.com)
  • How you get snapping scapula syndrome can be the result of many factors is multifactorial, and contributing factors include scapular dyskinesis also referred to as SICK scapula syndrome where wear and tear from overuse weaken the supportive tissue that hold the scapula in place. (caringmedical.com)
  • The typical physical therapy approach to snapping scapula syndrome, scapulocostal syndrome or scapulothoracic syndrome is to strengthen the serratus anterior muscle and/or put the patient through a scapular stabilization exercise program. (caringmedical.com)
  • Fractures of the scapula are usually the result of severe trauma, such as occurs in runover accident victims or in occupants of automobiles involved in crashes. (daviddarling.info)
  • Scapula fractures are relatively rare fractures which are typically a result of high energy trauma. (nih.gov)
  • The management of scapula fractures has historically been nonoperative, perhaps in part due to the paucity of information regarding outcomes, combined with a relative unfamiliarity with treating these injuries. (nih.gov)
  • This is a result of scapula or clavicle fractures, or acromioclavicular joint disruptions. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • How in the hell does a guy break his scapula (shoulder blade) without banging his head on the ground so hard that he fractures his skull? (nbcsports.com)
  • These danger zones can aid the surgeon in determining the risk for suprascapular nerve injury, specifically with scapula fractures involving the spinoglenoid notch and/or lateral border. (nih.gov)
  • The purpose of this study is to contrast and evaluate the functional outcome of patients with operative vs. nonoperative treatment of scapula fractures. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • The subject population will include patients seen at participating facilities for the care of scapula fractures, who are 18 years of age or older, meet inclusion/exclusion criteria and are willing to consent. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • He continued to return for regular follow-up and his fractures healed uneventfully and at 1 year following fracture surgery his results are excellent including healed scapula and clavicle fractures, full resolution of pain and range of motion, and a return to all his pre-injury activities. (hss.edu)
  • Radiographs at 1 year revealing healed scapula and clavicle fractures in excellent alignment. (hss.edu)
  • Find out more about scapula fractures, by visiting the Fractures of the Shoulder (Scapula, Collarbone) Conditions & Treatments page. (hss.edu)
  • It is thought of all bone fractures that occur, only one percent affect only the scapula. (doctorshealthpress.com)
  • What Does the Scapula and Clavicle Form? (reference.com)
  • The scapula connects with the clavicle to form the shoulder or pectoral girdle. (reference.com)
  • Together, the scapula and clavicle form the shoulder girdle, which connects the upper arm to the axial or central skeleton. (reference.com)
  • The bones in the girdle are the clavicle, the humorous and the scapula. (reference.com)
  • The scapula also articulates with the clavicle , via the acromion process (the acromioclavicular joint ). (wikidoc.org)
  • He was taken to a local hospital and radiographs revealed a complex comminuted left-sided scapula fracture with extension into the glenoid and an associated mid-shaft clavicle fracture. (hss.edu)
  • Anteroposterior and lateral radiographs illustrating a complex comminuted left-sided scapula fracture with extension into the glenoid and an associated mid-shaft clavicle fracture. (hss.edu)
  • The coracoclavicular ligaments suspend the scapula from the clavicle and the acromioclavicular joint is the only joint linking the scapula to the rest of the body. (shoulderdoc.co.uk)
  • Therefore dislocation of the acromioclavicular joint or a fracture of the outer third of the clavicle, with rupture of the coracoclavicular ligaments, leads to an abnormal scapula rhythm and apparent scapula winging with overhead manouevers. (shoulderdoc.co.uk)
  • The scapula is wrenched from the body in violent trauma leading to fracture of the clavicle and soft tissues around the clavicle. (shoulderdoc.co.uk)
  • New anatomy app called 3B Smart Anatomy now included for FREE with Human Arm Skeleton Model with Scapula & Clavicle. (3bscientific.com)
  • This Arm Skeleton model with scapula and clavicle is wire mounted, slightly flexible through fingers. (3bscientific.com)
  • The scapula, along with the clavicle and the manubrium of the sternum , make up the pectoral (shoulder) girdle which connects the upper limb of the appendicular skeleton to the axial skeleton. (kenhub.com)
  • Costal aspect of the scapula with attachments of muscles mapped out. (daviddarling.info)
  • The scapulothoracic articulation is a sliding junction between the deep aspect of the scapula and thoracic rib cage at the levels of ribs 2 through 7. (hindawi.com)
  • The muscle pulls from the upper cervical area along a parallel line with the medial aspect of the scapula so that it can elevate the scapula and shrug the shoulders. (innerbody.com)
  • The dorsal aspect of the scapula does not articulate with any another bone. (petmassage.com)
  • Cartilage covers the dorsal aspect of the scapula following the curve of the thorax. (petmassage.com)
  • These muscles attach to the surface of the scapula and are responsible for the internal and external rotation of the shoulder joint, along with humeral abduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dorsal surface of the scapula. (daviddarling.info)
  • The anterior surface of the scapula is concave and forms the shallow subscapular fossa . (daviddarling.info)
  • The anterior surface of the scapula is undulating. (hindawi.com)
  • The serratus ventralis thoracic muscle inserts on the serrated surface of the scapula to draw the scapula backwards and the chest upwards and is innervated by the long thoracic nerve. (petmassage.com)
  • scapula serves primarily for muscle attachments and is w/o any bony connection to the thorax. (wheelessonline.com)
  • These include dorsally migrated scapulae , a broad thorax, laterally directed humeral glenoids, an increased number of sacral vertebrae, a reduced/absent tail and less fasciculated back musculature. (wordnik.com)
  • Lying alongside the thorax, the scapula is secured to the spinal column by four strong bands of muscle fascia from the first cervical to the ninth thoracic vertebra and to the first seven or eight ribs. (petmassage.com)
  • for next to its lower surface it puts forth certain tubercles (M, M, M in fig. 1) that stand out slightly as oblique lines 49 which make what amount to depressions, as if the ribs of the thorax on which this side of the scapula rests had been pressed into the scapula over time, and the scapula itself had taken on their outline by giving way. (northwestern.edu)
  • Scapula alata caused by serratus anterior palsy with insufficiency of retaining the omoplate to the thorax is the prototype of dynamic winging [ 2 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Scapula - Situation de la scapula chez l homme en vue dorsale La scapula (anciennement omoplate) est un os plat, pair, de forme triangulaire, situé à la partie postéro supérieure du thorax. (enacademic.com)
  • Joseph Gerth, The Courier-Journal , "After an extensive taste test, here are the best BBQ ribs in Louisville," 29 June 2018 Then an arrow shot by a Southern Alpine archer struck the Iceman from behind, shattering his scapula and severing an artery. (merriam-webster.com)
  • The scapula is a flat bone (Figures 1 and 2 ) that rests on the posterolateral aspect of the thoracic cavity overlying ribs 2 through 7 [ 1 , 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The physio thinks maybe her scapula is rubbing on the ribs. (scoliosis.org)
  • In our experience, the best chance at cure for the condition is when a patient addresses the underlying instability in the scapulothoracic area, which allows the scapula and ribs to move normally, without the abnormal wear and tear. (caringmedical.com)
  • These fossae provide the origin attachment points for the supraspinatous and infraspinatous muscles, intrinsic muscles which flex and extend the shoulder and prevent dislocation by stabilizing movement of the scapula relative to the ribs, vertebrae and forelimbs. (petmassage.com)
  • More recent surgical procedures used to treat winged scapula include scapulothoracic arthrodesis, in which the scapula is fixed to the third through sixth ribs using a semitubular fragment plate [13] . (cureus.com)
  • This procedure is less commonly utilized compared to a scapulopexy without arthrodesis, which is essentially the same procedure but without the use of the fragment plate, thus directly fusing the scapula and ribs [14] . (cureus.com)
  • The serratus anterior muscle originates along the anterolateral region of the first eight ribs, winds around the chest wall, and inserts along the deep side of the ventral border of the scapula [3] . (cureus.com)
  • The pain is located mainly on and below my scapula, travels up the side of my neck, completely around my shoulder/collarbone, down to the middle of my ribs (just on the back though) and down mid arm. (chiropractic-help.com)
  • I have had pain behind my scapula near ribs 3,4, and 5 for 4 or 5 months now and it was getting better but is now getting worse again. (chiropractic-help.com)
  • Front or subscapular fossa The front of the scapula (also known as the costal or ventral surface) has a broad concavity called the subscapular fossa, to which the subscapularis muscle attaches. (wikipedia.org)
  • The ventral and distal area of the scapula narrows along the neck of the scapula. (petmassage.com)
  • Case 1 is a Caucasian woman aged 35 years with a wing-like prominence of the medial margin of her right scapula due to an osteochondroma originating from the ventral omoplate. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Figure 1 : Left scapula. (wikipedia.org)
  • A winging of the left scapula is also noted. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • Left scapula. (wikidoc.org)
  • Radiologic studies demonstrated a large mass (20 x 17 x 10 cm) arising from his left scapula. (aaos.org)
  • Case 2 is a Caucasian woman aged 39 years with painful scapula alata and neuralgic pain projected along the left ribcage caused by an osteochondroma of the left scapula with contact to the 2nd and 3rd rib. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Showing 1 - 20 of 32 for pain under left scapula . (healthboards.com)
  • I have some good moments but then without rhyme or reason, it feels like my left scapula is trying to protrude out the back and it feels like I have been kicked in the lower right back just above the hip bones. (healthboards.com)
  • Nicholas St. Fleur, New York Times , "The Final Hours of the Iceman's Tools," 21 June 2018 Kevin's sister, Ileen San, suffered a fractured right scapula , right hand and left wrist. (merriam-webster.com)
  • A 74-year-old man presented for evaluation of a painful skin lesion over his right scapula. (thedoctorschannel.com)
  • A lesion of 15 cm in diameter was present over his right scapula. (thedoctorschannel.com)
  • There is overlying ecchymosis, swelling, and erythema over his right scapula and limited range of motion. (medbullets.com)
  • Jenny Mccoy, SELF , "Why Sara Sampaio's Dumbbell Raise Exercise Is Great for Strengthening Your Shoulders," 23 July 2018 In addition to breathing quality, this stretch helps relieve tension headaches caused by an achy neck and stiff shoulders, as well as bolstering underworked muscles around the scapula . (merriam-webster.com)
  • The scapula is a wide, flat bone lying on the thoracic wall that provides an attachment for three groups of muscles: intrinsic, extrinsic, and stabilising and rotating muscles. (wikipedia.org)
  • A scapula fracture is a break in the shoulder blade bone at the back of the shoulder. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • In cases where the bone is fractured into multiple pieces or the bones are displaced considerably, then surgery may be required to fix the scapula back together using wires or pins. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • It begins flat at the base of the shoulder bone, ascends in distal direction to its peak at about the middle of the scapula, this peak is called tuber scapulae. (wikidoc.org)
  • Bone is the Scapula. (flashcardmachine.com)
  • The scapula (shoulder blade) is the largest bone of the shoulder complex and has the greatest number of muscles attached to it. (shoulderdoc.co.uk)
  • Doctors in Italy recently published their findings that snapping scapula syndrome was underestimated for long time and often associated only with specific osseous (soft tissue/bone) abnormalities. (caringmedical.com)
  • Scapula: The scapula, or shoulder blade, is a triangular shaped flat bone that connects the. (bbcprograms.com)
  • The scapula is an important bone as each scapula provides a point of attachment for a number of muscles that make up the arm and shoulder. (kenhub.com)
  • noun Plural form of scapula . (wordnik.com)
  • The plural of levator scapula is levator scapulae. (prochiromt.com)
  • The Romans always employed the plural "scapulae", the shoulder blades. (enacademic.com)
  • Another hook-like projection comes off the lateral angle of the scapula, and is called the coracoid process . (wikidoc.org)
  • 7 Usually the pain is the direct cause of the scapulothoracic bursitis located at the level of the levator scapulae muscle insertion at the superomedial angle of the scapula. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In addition, you find trigger points in the subscapular fossa further medially in the direction of the upper angle of the scapula. (fitness-vip.com)
  • Levator Scapulae Syndrome is an historical name for "pain over the upper medial angle of the scapula" [1] that is still used in clinical practice in some places around the world. (physio-pedia.com)
  • The lower trigger point lies just above the superior angle of the scapula and upper trigger point lies 1-3 inches above the lower trigger point. (physio-pedia.com)
  • The inferior angle of the scapula is the lowest part of the scapula and is covered by the. (bbcprograms.com)
  • The superior angle of the scapula is thin, smooth, rounded, and inclined somewhat lateralward, and gives attachment to a few fibers of the. (bbcprograms.com)
  • In addition, the levator scapulae muscle laterally flexes the neck to the side when the scapula is fixed. (innerbody.com)
  • 55 Among the scapula's other concave surfaces, the one that shows itself most concave is the one next to the neck of the scapula. (northwestern.edu)
  • The coracoid process curves upwards and forwards from the neck of the scapula and provides attachment for ligaments and muscles. (enacademic.com)
  • Scapula fracture or broken shoulder blade is caused by either a direct impact to the scapula from a blunt object or from a fall onto the arm or shoulder. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • In most cases, a scapula fracture is treated conservatively - without surgery - as a displacement of the bones is rare due to the muscles holding the two (or more) parts close together. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
  • He was then transferred to the care of David L. Helfet, MD at the Orthopedic Trauma Service of Hospital for Special Surgery for definitive management of his scapula fracture. (hss.edu)
  • ORIF was performed for his scapula fracture with placement of multiple mini-fragment plates and screws including interfragmentary lag screws. (hss.edu)
  • ICD-9 code 811.11 for Open fracture of acromial process of scapula is a medical classification as listed by WHO under the range -FRACTURE OF UPPER LIMB (810-819). (aapc.com)
  • Winging of the scapula manifests when there is pathology affecting the muscles of the shoulder girdle or the nerves supplying it. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • This can be through injury to the long thoracic nerve supplying the serratus anterior during axillary clearance in breast surgery, causing medial winging of the scapula. (pulsetoday.co.uk)
  • This leads to apparent 'winging' of the scapula. (shoulderdoc.co.uk)
  • True Winging of the scapula is rare. (shoulderdoc.co.uk)
  • When one talks about winging of the scapula, true winging is due to serratus anterior muscle dysfunction. (shoulderdoc.co.uk)
  • This is one of the commonest causes of scapula dysrythmia (and winging). (shoulderdoc.co.uk)
  • The more frequent the dislocations and the less trauma involved in causing the dislocations, the worse the scapula dysryrhmia (winging). (shoulderdoc.co.uk)
  • This can cause a winging of the scapula which then can cause snapping. (caringmedical.com)
  • I have had scapula winging for over three years now. (ubpn.org)
  • I have had a winging scapula for over 7 years now, and have had several custom braces made, all with some success. (ubpn.org)
  • Although palsy of the long thoracic nerve is the classical pathogenesis of winging scapula, it may also be caused by osteochondroma. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Winging of the scapula (scapula alata) is defined as the prominence of the medial (vertebral) border of the scapula. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, because a broad variety of different lesions may also account for winging of the scapula [ 3 ], Fiddian and King [ 4 ] proposed a classification of scapula alata on an anatomic basis: type I lesions are caused by nerve pathology, type II lesions relate to muscle pathology, type III lesions relate to an osseous etiology, and type IV lesions include joint diseases. (biomedcentral.com)
  • On examination, the scapula is abnormally high, moved medially, and winging occurs when the patient performs 90° forward flexion. (biomedcentral.com)
  • By contrast, static winging of the scapula refers to cases where the scapula is prominent at rest and no appreciable change occurs with active movement of the shoulder. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Possible etiopathologies of dynamic and static winging of the scapula. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The snapping scapula syndrome is caused by either osseous lesions or scapulothoracic bursitis and can be difficult to recognize and treat. (hindawi.com)
  • The purpose of this review is to discuss the anatomy of the scapulothoracic articulation with an emphasis on the pathology associated with snapping scapula syndrome. (hindawi.com)
  • Snapping scapula syndrome is caused by either osseous lesions or scapulothoracic bursitis, and appropriate recognition and treatment of these disorders is dependent on a solid foundation in periscapular anatomy [ 2 , 3 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • These anatomical variations in the superomedial angle may have clinical implications in the development of snapping scapula syndrome [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The diagnosis of snapping scapula is controversial because Snapping scapula syndrome is considered a rare condition. (caringmedical.com)
  • Their research suggested that symptomatic bursitis may be the cause of snapping scapula syndrome. (caringmedical.com)
  • Snapping Scapula Syndrome can also be caused by weakness of the serratus anterior muscle. (caringmedical.com)
  • Doctors from the Steadman Philippon Research Institute provide an assessment of Arthroscopic Treatment of Snapping Scapula Syndrome in the medical journal Arthroscopy . (caringmedical.com)
  • They looked at patients who underwent arthroscopic treatment for Snapping Scapula Syndrome after extensive nonoperative treatments failed. (caringmedical.com)
  • Based on treating many painful shoulders at Caring Medical over the years, the most likely cause of the majority of snapping scapula syndrome, scapulocostal syndrome, and scapulothoracic syndrome is a slipping rib. (caringmedical.com)
  • Levator means to lift in Latin, so as the name implies, its goal is to lift the scapula. (innerbody.com)
  • As you can imagine by the name, its main function is to elevate or lift the scapula. (prochiromt.com)
  • Articulated ichthyosaurs demonstrate that the pectoral girdle was a robust construction with vertical clavicles [collar bones] and scapulae [shoulder blades], so there was a firm base for the articulation of powerful forefins and their musculature. (wordnik.com)
  • Three-dimensional reconstruction of the scapula demonstrating the (a) superior and (b) inferior osseous morphology of the scapula. (hindawi.com)
  • The anterior (front) side of the scapula shows the fossa subscapularis (subscapular fossa) to which the subscapularis muscle attaches. (wikidoc.org)
  • The landmark is Subscapular fossa: on the anterior side of the scapula. (flashcardmachine.com)
  • Near the lateral border of the scapula in the subscapular fossa. (fitness-vip.com)
  • The term "subscapular" means under (sub) the scapula. (enacademic.com)
  • The intrinsic muscles of the scapula include the muscles of the rotator cuff-the subscapularis, teres minor, supraspinatus, and infraspinatus. (wikipedia.org)
  • The other 12 patients were treated operatively with transfer of the levator scapulae to the acromion and the rhomboid muscles to the infraspinatus fossa (the Eden-Lange procedure). (nih.gov)
  • Due to the large surface area of the scapula there are a large number of muscles attached (17 in total) which fix the scapula to the thoracic wall and allow it to move. (kenhub.com)
  • The scapulae tilt forward and backward, rotate inward and outward, and rotate upward and downward. (dynamicchiropractic.ca)
  • As these muscles take over, they lock the scapula in an upward rotation, and prevent the body from packing them down where they function most effectively. (tao-fit.com)
  • When the scapula are stuck in upward rotation, they lose their functional range of motion and true stabilization of the shoulder becomes difficult. (tao-fit.com)
  • This muscle produces an upward rotation and protraction of the scapula during motion and also functions as an accessory muscle during respiration [18] . (cureus.com)
  • This muscle is responsible for pulling up the scapula, which allows for the shrugging movement of the shoulders. (healthline.com)
  • The scapula may be harder to palpate if a dog has heavily muscled shoulders or a thick coat. (petmassage.com)
  • Although some sources mention that scapulae is used to refer during Roman antiquity to the shoulders or to the shoulder blades, others persist in that the Romans used scapulae only to refer to the back, in contrast to the pectus, the Latin name for breast or chest. (bbcprograms.com)
  • If you shrug both shoulders simultaneously, you are activating the levator scapulae. (prochiromt.com)
  • Coracoid-based pectoralis minor and levator scapulae muscles are usually tight. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • For example, an overactive pectoralis minor muscle will cause the scapula to tilt anterior. (dynamicchiropractic.ca)
  • The scapula forms the back of the shoulder girdle. (wikipedia.org)
  • The scapula, also called the shouder blade , is either of two large, roughly triangular flat bones found on either side of the upper back, and forming part of the pectoral ( shoulder ) girdle of humans and other vertebrates. (daviddarling.info)
  • The other scapula muscles will work with the levator scapulae to secure the scapula and its corresponding glenoid cavity to strengthen how efficiently and effectively the muscles work in the shoulder joint. (innerbody.com)
  • Surgical treatment of winged scapula. (springer.com)
  • Additionally, this review builds upon the conclusions of several studies in order to suggest areas for continued research regarding the treatment of winged scapula. (cureus.com)
  • This article summarises the diagnosis and assessment of levator scapulae dysfunction so that this common site of stagnation may be effectively treated. (jcm.co.uk)
  • The most common etiology of winged scapula is serratus anterior palsy caused from traumatic or iatrogenic damage to the long thoracic nerve [3-5] . (cureus.com)
  • Like their connected bones, the scapulae are paired, with each scapula on either side of the body being roughly a mirror image of the other. (wikipedia.org)
  • The scapula connects to the bones of the upper arm, and many arm muscles attach at the scapula. (reference.com)
  • Larger bones such as scapulae had been made into gleaming white shutters that flanked windows of thinly stretched corneas. (wordnik.com)
  • The scapula is the triangle-shaped bones in your upper back and is protected by a group of 17 muscles. (doctorshealthpress.com)
  • Due to the protection it receives, the scapula bones are not easily fractured as other bones in the body. (doctorshealthpress.com)
  • We can palpate the bones of the shoulder and find landmarks such as the highest point of the scapula, the point of the shoulder, the foremost point of the upper arm and the topmost point of the elbow. (petmassage.com)
  • It could be supposed that humans with longer scapulae have deeper notches. (viamedica.pl)
  • The subscapularis muscle originates beneath the scapula. (enacademic.com)
  • Aidan Casserly's "Scapula" is a fantastic, twisted and warped comic that is filled with wondrous characters rendered in an original style that is a delight to the eye. (webcomicalliance.com)
  • This is a semi-guest comic, since it is actually part of the continuity in Aidan Casserly's comic SCAPULA . (eqcomics.com)
  • The scapula serves as a site for multiple muscular origins and insertions [ 1 ] and is thin and triangular shaped with three distinct borders (superior, axillary, and vertebral) and three angles (superomedial, inferomedial, and lateral (glenoid)) [ 4 ] (Figures 1 and 2 ). (hindawi.com)
  • There is a ridge on the outer part of the back of the scapula. (wikipedia.org)
  • We feel that this is quite doubtful yet, almost 100% of the traditional medical treatments are performed to the scapula or the muscles that attach to the scapula. (caringmedical.com)
  • Learners study the muscles of the scapula and check their knowledge on each page by identifying the muscles on diagrams and answering a related question about movement. (wisc-online.com)
  • Muscles of the Scapula has been viewed 2,941 times. (wisc-online.com)
  • What muscle effects this particular movement of the scapula? (exrx.net)
  • The clinical assessment of the position of the scapula at rest as well as during dynamic arm motion, including medial border prominence, should be observed. (springer.com)
  • Due to the position of the scapula on the rib cage, the scapula is "offset" 30 degrees to the frontal plane.6 This position allows for the necessary "safe" motion of the shoulder. (dynamicchiropractic.ca)
  • What Is the Function of the Scapula? (reference.com)
  • The function of the scapula is to provide movement and stabilization of the arm at the shoulder by attaching it to the trunk of the body, known as the thor. (reference.com)
  • Anatomy, definition and function of the scapula, also known as shoulder blade. (kenhub.com)
  • This article reports the first computed topography (CT) study on the correlation between the diameters of the suprascapular notch and anthropometric measurements of the human scapula. (viamedica.pl)
  • That's the muscle that runs from your neck to your shoulder, and down to your scapula (shoulder blade), on each side. (merriam-webster.com)
  • The levator scapulae muscle resides at that back and side of the neck. (innerbody.com)
  • The levator scapulae is a muscle that runs from the back of your skull to the upper corner of your shoulder blade. (wordnik.com)
  • musculus levator scapulae [TA] , elevator muscle of scapula . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Although surgical applications of the levator scapulae muscle have contributed to this matter, there are still questions regarding these morphologic features. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This month's muscle of the month is the levator scapulae! (yoganatomy.com)
  • A common cause of scapula pain is the straining of a muscle which can lead to muscle spasms. (doctorshealthpress.com)
  • The levator scapulae muscle frequently contributes to neck and shoulder pain, yet is often overlooked by acupuncturists. (jcm.co.uk)
  • However, a small portion of the Small Intestine channel lies on the levator scapulae muscle in the region of Jianwaishu SI-14 and Jianzhongshu SI-15. (jcm.co.uk)
  • Instead variance in embryonic factors that affect the shape/size of the scapula or epigenetic factors associated with muscle attachments are more likely candidates. (ovid.com)
  • The Levator Scapulae can present with two trigger points located in the lower half of the muscle. (physio-pedia.com)
  • It is also important that biomechanical problems that may be contributing to the condition, such as neck or shoulder muscle imbalances, postural problems, or thoracic mobility are identified and corrected as these are usually the causes of increased demands on the levator scapulae. (physio-pedia.com)
  • The Eden-Lange procedure, described in 1924, involves the transfer of the tendon of the levator scapulae muscle to the acromion and the attachment of the rhomboid muscles to the central part of the scapula. (cureus.com)
  • Another major tendon in the human body is the levator scapulae which does the same thing exceptâ ¦it helps raise and lower the scapula and the muscle around the scapula. (bbcprograms.com)
  • The costal surface superior of the scapula is the origin of 1st digitation for the serratus anterior origin. (wikipedia.org)