Detection of daily clouds on Titan. (1/59)

We have discovered frequent variations in the near-infrared spectrum of Titan, Saturn's largest moon, which are indicative of the daily presence of sparse clouds covering less than 1% of the area of the satellite. The thermodynamics of Titan's atmosphere and the clouds' altitudes suggest that convection governs their evolutions. Their short lives point to the presence of rain. We propose that Titan's atmosphere resembles Earth's, with clouds, rain, and an active weather cycle, driven by latent heat release from the primary condensible species.  (+info)

From exobiology to cosmobiology at LISA and elsewhere. (2/59)

Since the emergence of Exobiology, back to the l960ties, this field drastically increased and, although differently named, is today a largely recognized scientific domain of wild interdisciplinarity. It includes not only the search for extraterrestrial living Systems, in particular by direct exploration of planetary bodies and studies of extraterrestrial materials, but also the study on the origins of life on Earth and, in connection to this field, the study of extraterrestrial organic chemistry. The exobiology programmes currently developed at LISA are related to this last aspect. They include the study of prebiotic-like chemistry in the gas and solid phases, based on laboratory simulation experiments, theoretical modeling and future in situ measurements in Titan's atmosphere and in cometary nuclei. A national program of exobiology, coordinated by LISA is under development in France, it covers many of the various aspects of Exobiology, including the study of life in extreme environments, as a reference tool for extraterrestrial life, the study of the primitive environment of the Earth, of the organic chemistry in comets and on Titan, of Mars and Europa and even of extrasolar planets as potential niches for extraterrestrial living systems, associated to the determination of the electromagnetic signatures of life. In parallel to this general program, a proposal for a large simulation chamber to be used as a national facility in particular to simulate the organic chemistry in various planetary environments, and in the interstellar medium, is under preparation. International cooperations linked to these programmes, in particular in the frame of the development of an exobiology facility on the International Space Station, would be of crucial interest.  (+info)

Corona chemistry in Titan. (3/59)

The atmosphere of Titan is constantly bombarded by galactic cosmic rays and Saturnian magnetospheric electrons causing the formation of free electrons and primary ions, which are then stabilized by ion cluster formation and charging of aerosols. These charged particles accumulate in drops in cloud regions of the troposphere. Their abundance can substantially increase by friction, fragmentation or collisions during convective activity. Charge separation occurs with help of convection and gravitational settling leading to development of electric fields within the cloud and between the cloud and the ground. Neutralization of these charged particles leads to corona discharges which are characterized by low current densities. We have therefore, experimentally studied the corona discharge of a simulated Titan's atmosphere (10% methane and 2% argon in nitrogen) at 500 Torr and 298 K by GC-FTIR-MS techniques. The main products have been identified as hydrocarbons (ethane, ethyne, ethene, propane, propene+propyne, cyclopropane, butane, 2-methylpropane, 2-methylpropene, n-butane, 2-butene, 2,2-dimethylpropane, 2-methylbutane, 2-methylbutene, n-pentane, 2,2-dimethylbutane, 2-methylpentane, 3-methylpentane, n-hexane, 2,2-dimethylhexane, 2,2-dimethylpentane, 2,2,3-trimethylbutane, 2,3-dimethylpentane and n-heptane), nitriles (hydrogen cyanide, cyanogen, ethanenitrile, propanenitrile, 2-methylpropanenitrile and butanenitrile) and a highly branched hydrocarbon deposit. We present the trends of hydrocarbons and nitriles formation as a function of discharge time in an ample interval and have derived their initial yields of formation. The results clearly demonstrate that a complex organic chemistry can be initiated by corona processes in the lower atmosphere. Although photochemistry and charged particle chemistry occurring in the stratosphere can account for many of the observed hydrocarbon species in Titan, the predicted abundance of ethene is too low by a factor of 10 to 40. While some ethene will be produced by charged-particle chemistry, the production of ethene by corona processes and its subsequent diffusion into the stratosphere appears to be an adequate source. Because little UV penetrates to the lower atmosphere to destroy the molecules formed there, the corona-produced species may be long-lived and contribute significantly to the composition of the lower atmosphere and surface.  (+info)

Evidence for the exposure of water ice on Titan's surface. (4/59)

The smoggy stratosphere of Saturn's largest moon, Titan, veils its surface from view, except at narrow wavelengths centered at 0.83, 0.94, 1.07, 1.28, 1.58, 2.0, 2.9, and 5.0 micrometers. We derived a spectrum of Titan's surface within these "windows" and detected features characteristic of water ice. Therefore, despite the hundreds of meters of organic liquids and solids hypothesized to exist on Titan's surface, its icy bedrock lies extensively exposed.  (+info)

Termolecular ion-molecule reactions in Titan's atmosphere. IV. A search made at up to 1 micron in pure hydrocarbons. (5/59)

The results of a study of ion-molecule reactions occurring in pure methane, acetylene, ethylene, ethane, propyne, propene, propane, and diacetylene at pressures up to 40 microns of pressure are reported. A variety of experimental methods are used: The standard double resonance in an ICR, for determination of the precursor ions and the modulated double resonance ejection in an ICR, for the determination of the daughter ions. The FA-SIFT technique was used for validation and examination of termolecular reactions with rate coefficients that are less than 10(-26) cm(6) s(-1). An extensive database of reaction kinetics already exists for many of these reactions. The main point of this study was the determination of the accuracy of this database and to search for any missing reactions and reaction channels that may have been omitted from earlier investigations. A specific objective of this work was to extend the study to the highest pressures possible to find out if there were any important termolecular reaction channels occurring. A new approach was used here. In the pure hydrocarbon gases the mass spectra were followed as a function of the pressure changes of the gas. An initial guess was first made using the current literature as a source of the reaction kinetics that were expected. A model of the ion abundances was produced from the solution of the partial differential equations in terms of reaction rate coefficients and initial abundances. The experimental data was fitted to the model for all of the pressures by a least squares minimization to the reaction rate coefficients and initial abundances. The reaction rate coefficients obtained from the model were then compared to the literature values. Several new channels and reactions were discovered when the modeled fits were compared to the actual data. This is all explained in the text and the implications of these results are discussed for the Titan atmosphere.  (+info)

Radar evidence for liquid surfaces on Titan. (6/59)

Arecibo radar observations of Titan at 13-centimeter wavelength indicate that most of the echo power is in a diffusely scattered component but that a small specular component is present for about 75% of the subearth locations observed. These specular echoes have properties consistent with those expected for areas of liquid hydrocarbons. Knowledge of the areal extent and depth of any deposits of liquid hydrocarbons could strongly constrain the history of Titan's atmosphere and surface.  (+info)

A SIFT ion-molecule study of some reactions in Titan's atmosphere. reactions of N(+), N(2)(+), and HCN(+) with CH(4), C(2)H(2), and C(2)H(4). (7/59)

The results of a study of the ion-molecule reactions of N(+), N(2)(+), and HCN(+) with methane, acetylene, and ethylene are reported. These studies were performed using the FA-SIFT at the University of Canterbury. The reactions studied here are important to understanding the ion chemistry in Titan's atmosphere. N(+) and N(2)(+) are the primary ions formed by photo-ionization and electron impact in Titan's ionosphere and drive Titan's ion chemistry. It is therefore very important to know how these ions react with the principal trace neutral species in Titan's atmosphere: Methane, acetylene, and ethylene. While these reactions have been studied before the product channels have been difficult to define as several potential isobaric products make a definitive answer difficult. Mass overlap causes difficulties in making unambiguous species assignments in these systems. Two discriminators have been used in this study to resolve the mass overlap problem. They are deuterium labeling and also the differences in reactivities of each isobar with various neutral reactants. Several differences have been found from the products in previous work. The HCN(+) ion is important in both Titan's atmosphere and in the laboratory.  (+info)

Ultraviolet imaging spectroscopy shows an active saturnian system. (8/59)

Neutral oxygen in the saturnian system shows variability, and the total number of oxygen atoms peaks at 4 x 10(34). Saturn's aurora brightens in response to solar-wind forcing, and the auroral spectrum resembles Jupiter's. Phoebe's surface shows variable water-ice content, and the data indicate it originated in the outer solar system. Saturn's rings also show variable water abundance, with the purest ice in the outermost A ring. This radial variation is consistent with initially pure water ice bombarded by meteors, but smaller radial structures may indicate collisional transport and recent renewal events in the past 10(7) to 10(8) years.  (+info)

*1808 in science

December 9 (20:34 UTC) - Mercury occults Saturn (not known at this time). Barium, calcium, magnesium, and strontium isolated by ...

*Eruption column

Cryovolcano Enceladus - moon of planet Saturn "How volcanoes work - The eruption model (QuickTime movie)". San Diego State ...

*Enceladus

In 2016, a study of how the orbits of Saturn's moons should have changed due to tidal effects suggested that all of Saturn's ... Its faint apparent magnitude (HV = +11.7) and its proximity to the much brighter Saturn and Saturn's rings make Enceladus ... the Titan Saturn System Mission (TSSM) was a joint NASA/ESA flagship-class proposal for exploration of Saturn's moons, with a ... have been shown to be the source of the material in Saturn's E ring. The E ring is the widest and outermost ring of Saturn ( ...

*Saturn

... (USGS) Cassini-Huygens mission to Saturn, by NASA General information about Saturn Astronomy Cast: Saturn Saturn in ... Saturn is the only planet of the Solar System that is less dense than water-about 30% less. Although Saturn's core is ... From time to time Saturn is occulted by the Moon (that is, the Moon covers up Saturn in the sky). As with all the planets in ... Saturn's atmosphere exhibits a banded pattern similar to Jupiter's, but Saturn's bands are much fainter and are much wider near ...

*Saturn, Indiana

A post office was established at Saturn in 1857, and remained in operation until it was discontinued in 1900. Saturn is located ... Saturn is an unincorporated community in Jefferson Township, Whitley County, in the U.S. state of Indiana. ... "Saturn, Indiana". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved July 24, 2017. "Whitley ...

*Saturn Vue

The Saturn VUE is a compact SUV that was sold and built by Saturn, and it was Saturn's best-selling model. It was the first ... "Saturn Vue". Iihs.org. Retrieved 2009-05-21. Johnson, Kimberly; Krisher, Tom (1 October 2009). "GM to phase out Saturn division ... "2007 Saturn Vue Roadtest". Retrieved December 6, 2006. "Saturn Vue". Advertisement brochure. Canada: General Motors Corporation ... Saturn offered four trim levels: base "XE", classier, up-level "XR", top of the line sporty "Red Line" and a "Green Line" ...

*Saturn Peach

Saturn' peaches are smaller and flatter than a regular peach. Their skin is yellow and red, and they are usually less fuzzy ... Saturn peaches, Prunus persica var. platycarpa, (also known as donut (or doughnut) peaches), are a variety of peach with white ... Saturn' Peaches". Motherearthnews.com. Retrieved 2012-08-12. "Donut Peach , Harvest to Table". Harvestwizard.com. 2008-05-27. ...

*Saturn Relay

The Relay was the first Saturn vehicle without polymer side paneling, the first Saturn that is a rebadged Chevrolet or Pontiac ... The Saturn logos had been dropped from the front doors, and the all-wheel drive option was no longer available. The Relay was ... The Saturn Relay is a minivan that was made by General Motors. It was introduced for the 2005 model year, and was built ... The Relay was discontinued after the 2007 model year and was replaced by the 2007 Saturn Outlook. 2006 models added the GM ...

*Saturn return

Greene, Liz (1976). Saturn: A New Look at an Old Devil. Schostak, Sherene; Weiss, Stefanie Iris (2003). Surviving Saturn's ... In horoscopic astrology, a Saturn return is an astrological transit that occurs when the planet Saturn returns to the same ... Saturn Returns, a play by Noah Haidle. Saturn return at about.com Constance Stellas (2005). Advanced Astrology for Life. Adams ... Psychologically, the first Saturn return is seen as the time of reaching full adulthood, and being faced, perhaps for the first ...

*Saturn's hexagon

Cassini Video of Saturn's Hexagon on YouTube Saturn Revolution 175, Cassini images, November 27, 2012 Saturn's Strange Hexagon ... Saturn's hexagon is a persisting hexagonal cloud pattern around the north pole of Saturn, located at about 78°N. The sides of ... "Saturn's Strange Hexagon". NASA. March 27, 2007. Retrieved May 1, 2013. "Saturn's Mysterious Hexagon Emerges From Winter ... Saturn's south pole does not have a hexagon, according to Hubble observations; however, it does have a vortex, and there is ...

*Saturn Curve

... and Saturn opted to go with the Opel project, giving birth to the Saturn Sky. Photo of the Saturn Curve. ... The Saturn Curve was a roadster concept by Saturn designed by Michael Mauer who was the former head of design at Saab ... It was shown at the 2004 North American International Auto Show along with the concept of Saturn Sky. This project would also ...

*Saturn's Return

"Saturn's Return 15 August 2008". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 26 April 2017. "Saturn's Return , Wharf 2LOUD 22 August 2008 ... Saturn's Return is an Australian play by Tommy Murphy, published by Currency Press. The play was commissioned for the Sydney ... Saturn's Return is published by Currency Press (0868198404) 2008. Zara, the heroine of the play, is happily settled in a ... "Review: Saturn's Return, Sydney Theatre Company, Wharf 1 3 August 2009". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 26 April 2017. "Theatre: ...

*Jacqueline Saturn

Saturn left Epic Records in 2013 to join Harvest Records, a subsidiary of Capitol Records Music Group. She joined the label as ... Saturn began her career with Epic Records in 1993 as an assistant in the label's promotions department. She became the vice ... Saturn previously worked for Capitol Music Group's CEO Steve Barnett for 9 years during her time at Epic. Jones, Rhian (21 ... Jacqueline Saturn is an American business executive and general manager of Harvest Records. Prior to her position with Harvest ...

*Saturn Stadium

It was the home ground of FC Saturn Moscow Oblast, who folded in 2011. FC Saturn has been reestablished and will participate in ... Torpedo began their first (2014-15) season upon the return into the Russian Premier League at the Saturn Stadium as well. ... Coordinates: 55°34′39.08″N 38°13′35.30″E / 55.5775222°N 38.2264722°E / 55.5775222; 38.2264722 Saturn Stadium is a football ...

*Saturn Strip

"Saturn Drive", "American Dreamer" and "Wipeout Beat" Ric Ocasek - guitar, keyboards Al Jourgensen - keyboards on "Saturn Drive ... "Saturn Strip". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009-04-30. Kellman, Andy. "Saturn Strip/ Just A Million Dreams". Allmusic. Retrieved 2009- ... Saturn Strip is an album by Alan Vega, released in 1983 on Elektra Records. The album was produced by Ric Ocasek and features ... All tracks composed by Alan Vega; except where indicated "Saturn Drive" (Al Jourgensen, Alan Vega) - 5:36 "Video Babe" - 3:17 " ...

*Saturn Airways

... (ICAO designator: KS, and Callsign: Saturn) was a US "supplemental carrier", i.e. a charter airline. It operated ... In 1965 Saturn acquired AAXICO Airlines. In December 1967 and January 1968, respectively, Saturn took delivery of two Douglas ... Saturn also operated nineteen Lockheed Hercules aircraft. Saturn was finally absorbed by Trans International Airlines in ... The Triple Crown winning racehorse, Secretariat, was flown to Ontario, Canada on a Saturn Airways charter to run in his last ...

*HP Saturn

Saturn 64 bit register format: The Saturn has four general-purpose and five scratch registers that are 64 bits wide. Data in ... The previous series of Saturn-based ICs were codenamed Lewis, after Meriwether Lewis. The original Saturn CPU gave its name to ... The Saturn architecture is nibble-based; that is, the core unit of data is 4-bit-sized, which can hold one binary-coded decimal ... The Saturn microprocessor is a hybrid 64-bit / 20-bit CPU hardware-wise but acts like a 4-bit processor in that it presents ...

*Saturn Sky

... Forum". skyroadster.com. [1] "OFFICIAL Hydro Blue Numbers... - Saturn Sky Forums: Saturn Sky Forum". skyroadster.com ... media.caranddriver.com/files/2007-saturn-sky2007-saturn-sky-specs.pdf 2007 Saturn Sky Red Line specifications: 0-60 mph (97 km/ ... The Saturn Sky is a roadster that was produced by Saturn, and was initially released in the first quarter of 2006 as a 2007 ... 2007 Saturn Sky (Base model) specifications: 0-60 mph (97 km/h): 6.9 seconds 0-100 mph (160 km/h): 21.9 seconds 1/4 mile: 15.2 ...

*Saturn (retailer)

Saturn Europe Saturn Austria Saturn Germany Saturn Luxembourg Saturn Poland. ... Saturn is a German chain of electronics stores, now found in several European countries. Saturn sells household appliances, ... In 2003 Saturn and Apple Inc. signed a contract for a "store-in-store" concept, allowing consumers to purchase Apple products ... Saturn stores in Belgium, Greece, Hungary, the Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, Turkey and Italy have been closed and re-opened ...

*Saturn Corporation

Saturn SC Performance Edition (1999) Saturn CV-1 (2000) Saturn XI (2000) Saturn SCX (2001) Saturn Durban (2001) Saturn LST ( ... Saturn Sky concept (2002) Saturn Curve (2004) Saturn AURA Concept (2005) Saturn PreVue (2006) Saturn Flextreme (2008) Saturn ... Saturn Prototype (1984) Saturn Chemistry (1986) Saturn Prototype (1988) Saturn Sport Sedan concept (1990) Saturn Beginner (1993 ... The Saturn Astra was a rebadged version of the Opel Astra. The Saturn Astra was also the first Saturn to be built outside of ...

*Saturn Ion

The Saturn ION was a compact car sold by Saturn between the 2003 and 2007 model years. It used the GM Delta platform. The ION ... "Saturn Announces Ion Red Line Pricing" (Press release). GM Media Online. 2004-03-30. Retrieved 2009-10-06. "Saturn Ion Red Line ... "IIHS-HLDI: Saturn ION". Iihs.org. Retrieved 2015-12-29. "2003 Saturn Ion 4-DR. , Safercar - NHTSA". Safercar.gov. Retrieved ... "2004 Saturn Ion 4-DR. , Safercar - NHTSA". Safercar.gov. Retrieved 2013-03-22. "2004 Saturn Ion 4-DR Coupe. , Safercar - NHTSA ...

*Saturn Arena

... (German pronunciation: [zatʊʁn aʁeːnaː]) is an arena in Ingolstadt, Germany. It is primarily used for the ice ... Saturn Arena opened in 2003 and holds 4,815 people. Official website Coordinates: 48°45′33″N 11°26′20″E / 48.75917°N 11.43889 ...

*Saturn MLV

The baseline Saturn MLV would incorporate these changes from the Saturn V vehicle. Saturn IC (first stage) stretched 240 inches ... The Saturn MLV was a proposed concept family of rockets, intended as a follow-on to the Saturn V. MLV stands for "Modified ... In both cases 4x-Titan UA-1205 [1] "Modified Launch Vehicle (MLV) Saturn V Improvement Study Composite Summary Report", NASA ... Improved Saturn V configurations studied under contract NAS8-11359. astronautix.com. ...

*Saturn Outlook

The Saturn Outlook is a full-size crossover SUV that debuted at the New York International Auto Show, and was based on the GM ... Production on the Saturn Outlook and its twin the GMC Acadia had both began on May 24, 2006 for the 2007 model year. In ... The Saturn Outlook was discontinued after the 2010 model year. Following the withdrawal of a bid by Penske Automotive to ... Official site "Saturn Has An All-New Outlook" (Press release). GM. April 11, 2006. IIHS Top Safety Picks 2008. ...

*Viva Saturn

After Viva Saturn, Steven Roback embarked on a solo career. Nuccio joined the Continental Drifters. Viva Saturn (1989) Heyday/ ... "Viva Saturn Biography", allmusic.com, Macrovision Corporation Robbins, Ira & Yeske, Katherine "Viva Saturn", Trouser Press. ... Viva Saturn was a rock group from Los Angeles, California founded by former members of Rain Parade. When Rain Parade decided to ... take a break in 1988, Steven Roback formed a new project, Viva Saturn, with fellow Rain Paraders John Thoman and Will Glenn. ...
The dramatic appearance of Saturn stems mainly from the spectacular rings. The atmosphere looks much less dramatic. The clouds of Saturn are much less colorful than those of Jupiter. This is because the composition of Saturns atmosphere includes more sulfur. This adds to Saturns overall yellow appearance. When you look closely, however, Saturns atmosphere is just as fierce as that of Jupiter! The atmosphere of Saturn, like Jupiter, is only a narrow region, compared to the vast interior of Saturn. The three clouddecks of Saturn are to be found mostly low in the atmosphere, while hazes of smog can be found higher up. Saturn is not much changed from its early evolution out of the primitive solar nebula, and in fact, may still be forming! Motions in the cloud patterns indicate that, like Jupiter, the basic weather of Saturn can be described as a striped pattern of winds. ...
I am finding that there is just no end to the amount of information we have on extraterrestrial UFOs. In a previous blog entitled Emanuel Swedenborg was right, and NASA is hiding it, there is an excellent presentation on UFOs by Bob Dean, who had a long career in the U.S. military. Towards the end, he briefly discussed some huge UFOs in the rings of Saturn which were caught in Voyager pictures. This caused the scientist Norman R. Bergrun to publish a book entitled The Ringmakers of Saturn, in which he theorized that these huge cylindrical ships were making the rings of Saturn. Bob Dean says the opposite is more likely: they are mining the rings of Saturn. Voyager 2 passed by Saturn in 1981. So I was wondering, are there any more recent sightings of cylindrical UFOs in the vicinity of Saturn? In previous articles I had discussed evidence of extraterrestrial UFOs near the Moon and Mars - plus an anomaly on Mercury. As it turns out, we now have the Cassini-Huygens probe orbiting Saturn. Launched in ...
Two days before plunging into Saturn, the Cassini spacecraft took one last look around the planet it had orbited for more than 13 years.. The view of Saturn above, released November 21, is actually made from 42 images that have been stitched together. Six moons - Enceladus, Epimetheus, Janus, Mimas, Pandora and Prometheus - are faintly visible as dots surrounding the gas giant (see the annotated image below). Cassini was about 1.1 million kilometers away from Saturn when it took the images on September 13. The whole observation took a little over two hours.. On September 11, Cassini set itself on a collision course with Saturn, and on September 15, the probe ended its mission by burning up in Saturns atmosphere, taking data all the way down.. ...
Two days before plunging into Saturn, the Cassini spacecraft took one last look around the planet it had orbited for more than 13 years.. The view of Saturn above, released November 21, is actually made from 42 images that have been stitched together. Six moons - Enceladus, Epimetheus, Janus, Mimas, Pandora and Prometheus - are faintly visible as dots surrounding the gas giant (see the annotated image below). Cassini was about 1.1 million kilometers away from Saturn when it took the images on September 13. The whole observation took a little over two hours.. On September 11, Cassini set itself on a collision course with Saturn, and on September 15, the probe ended its mission by burning up in Saturns atmosphere, taking data all the way down.. ...
Saturns comparatively paper-thin rings are tilted edge on to Earth every 15 years. Because the orbits of Saturns major satellites are in the ring plane, too, this alignment gives astronomers a rare opportunity to capture a truly spectacular parade of celestial bodies crossing the face of Saturn. Leading the parade is Saturns giant moon Titan - larger than the planet Mercury. The frigid moons thick nitrogen atmosphere is tinted orange with the smoggy byproducts of sunlight interacting with methane and nitrogen. Several of the much smaller icy moons that are closer in to the planet line up along the upper edge of the rings. Hubbles exquisite sharpness also reveals Saturns banded cloud structure. -- HubbleSite ...
... - Featured: the Trojan moon Helene; crater and canyon-covered Tethys; the fractured moon Dione; Saturns second-largest moon, Rhea; the haze-enshrouded, planet-sized moon Titan; the two-toned moon Iapetus; the planet Saturn; the A ring; Saturns rings; (movie); the pale blue dot of earth
... - Featured: impact crater-scarred Mimas; crater and canyon-covered Tethys; Saturns second-largest moon, Rhea; the haze-enshrouded, planet-sized moon Titan; the planet Saturn; the D ring; the E ring; the F ring; Saturns rings; spokes
April Flowers for redOrbit.com - Your Universe Online. The first global topographical map of Saturn´s moon Titan was created by scientists at the Cassini-Huygens mission. The map, published as part of a paper in the journal Icarus, will give researchers a valuable tool for learning more about one of the most Earth-like and interesting worlds in the solar system.. With a radius of approximately 1,600 miles, Titan is Saturn´s largest moon. As the second-largest moon in the Solar System, Titan is larger than the planet Mercury. Titan is of scientific interest because it is the only moon in the system known to have clouds, surface liquids and a mysterious, thick atmosphere.. Like Earth, Titan´s atmosphere is mostly nitrogen. However, the organic compound methane on Titan acts the way water does on Earth. The methane forms clouds, falls as rain and carves rivers into the surface. Methane-derived organic chemicals are present in Titan´s atmosphere, lakes and rivers, and might just offer clues ...
The transmissions are expected to include unprecedented data from the atmospheres upper fringe, about 1,190 miles (1,915 km) above Saturns cloudtops. The data took 84 minutes to reach NASA antennas in Canberra, Australia, Maize said.. The final dive ended a mission that gave scientists a ringside seat to the sixth planet from the sun. The spacecrafts discoveries included seasonal changes on Saturn, a hexagon-shaped pattern on its north pole and the moon Titans resemblance to a primordial Earth.. Cassini also found a global ocean on the moon Enceladus, with ice plumes spouting from its surface. Enceladus has become a promising lead in the search for places outside Earth that could support life.. The spacecraft has produced 450,000 images and 635 gigabytes of data since it began probing Saturn and its 62 known moons in July 2004.. Cassini, a cooperative project between NASA, the European Space Agency and the Italian Space Agency, was launched into space in October 1997 from Cape Canaveral in ...
Consider it a cosmic carousel with countless rings up for grabs.. NASAs Saturn-orbiting spacecraft, Cassini, has begun an unprecedented mission to skim the planets rings. On Tuesday, Cassini got a gravitational assist from Saturns big moon Titan. That put the spacecraft on course to graze Saturns main outer rings over the next five months.. The first orbit of this new venture begins Wednesday night. Then on Sunday, an engine firing by Cassini should seal the deal, with the spacecraft making its first ring crossing.. The probes orbit will graze those signature bands once every seven days from now until April, analyzing the milky bands around the planet along the way.. Those bands around Saturn are actually made of countless ice and rock particles swirling in space. There are even moon that orbit within the rings and smaller chunks that spin like propellors, clearing the debris around them.. "You can kind of think of Saturns main ring disc as kind of like what the solar system might have ...
WASHINGTON -- One of Saturns moons is spraying icy particles into space from the area around its south pole, a sure sign of geologic activity, NASA reported on Tuesday.. Recent images captured by the Cassini spacecraft reveal what looks at first like the narrow crescent shape of a solar eclipse, with plumes of particles being ejected from the Saturn moon Enceladus.. "For planetary explorers like us, there is little that can compare to the sighting of activity on another solar system body," Carolyn Porco, Cassini imaging team leader at the Space Science Institute in Boulder, Colorado, said in a statement.. "This has been a heart-stopper, and surely one of our most thrilling results.". Images and more information are available online at http://ciclops.org.. The Cassini images show multiple jets emanating from the moons south polar region. Scientists suspect these jets arise from warm fractures, known as tiger stripes.. A faint extended plume stretches some 300 miles above the surface of ...
The Cassini spacecraft that has been busily exploring Saturn and its moons swooped to within 30 miles of the tiny moon Enceladus yesterday, and has already begun sending back images of the fissures near the moons south pole. The icy moon, which is about 310 miles wide, has tantalized scientists with geyser-like eruptions of icy water vapor that were first spotted in 2005…. The eruptions produce a halo of frozen water vapor and gas that replenishes Saturns E-ring as Enceladus circles the planet [SPACE.com].. The Cassini took images of the fissures, which scientists call the moons "tiger stripes," in the infrared spectrum as well, to gain further information about the temperatures in the vents; previous studies had shown temperatures there can reach a relatively balmy -135 degrees Fahrenheit, which is 200 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than the rest of the moon. While the material sprayed out of the fissures consists of frozen water vapor, scientists disagree on whether an internal ocean of ...
NASAs Cassini spacecraft has discovered a huge cloud of ice or frozen compounds on Saturns moon, Titan, around the southern pole of the object. This growing cloud is detected at the mid-stratosphere, the stable atmospheric region above the troposphere or active weather layer of the body.. Get the Free Tracker App to find WowWee Fingerlings. At an altitude of nearly 186 miles or 300 kilometers, Cassinis camera captured the huge cloud hovering over the southern region of Titan, but it was eventually found in 2012 to be not much, but now a larger ice cloud is observed lower in the stratosphere at an altitude of about 124 miles or 200 kilometers.. Deploying its Composite Infrared Spectrometer or CIRS, Cassinis infrared instrument monitors the bodys atmosphere at thermal wavelengths which is invisible to see. Considering its low density, the cloud of the object is just like fog on Earth, NASA reported.. Cassini has been able to witness the transition of fall to winter at the south pole of Titan ...
Beneath an icy crust, Saturns moon Enceladus … has an ocean that covers its entire globe. NASAs Cassini spacecraft measured wobbles in Enceladuss rotation over more than seven years. The data confirm that the crust is moving separately from the rocky core, meaning that there must be a widespread layer of liquid between them, says a team led by Peter Thomas of Cornell University in Ithaca, New York ...
Titan is the only moon in our Solar System with a significant atmosphere. Titans atmosphere consists mostly of nitrogen, and is so thick that the atmospheric pressure at the moons surface is about 60% greater than Earths atmospheric pressure.. Titans atmosphere also has a significant amount of methane. Bombardment of the methane by solar ultraviolet radiation has produced trace amounts of numerous other hydrocarbons. These organic molecules create several layers of smog-like haze in the moons atmosphere, obscuring views of Titans surface.. The Cassini spacecraft has observed clouds in Titans atmosphere near the moons poles. Temperatures are so cold (-178 C, -288 F) on Titan that methane is a liquid at the surface. Scientists believe that methane and ethane may fall as rain and snow from the clouds in Titans atmosphere onto its frigid surface. This image shows the predicted structure of Titans atmosphere. New results from the Huygens probe will likely revise our knowledge of the ...
Phoebe is the last of the known satellites of Saturn, at a distance of 12.952 million km. Phoebe orbits Saturn in a retrograde direction in a plane much closer to the ecliptic than to Saturns equatorial plane.
Saturns largest moon Titan has a tropical lake the size of Utahs Great Salt Lake in the United States. The huge lake is filled with liquid methane and tucked in Titans sand dunes.
Titans upper atmosphere is ionized by solar radiation and particle bombardment from Saturns magnetosphere. The induced ionosphere plays a key role in the coupling of Titans atmosphere with the Kronian environment. It also provides unique signatures for identifying energy sources upon Titans upper atmosphere. Here we focus on observations from the first, close flyby by the Cassini spacecraft and assess the ionization and electron heating sources in Titans sunlit ionosphere. We compare CAPS electron spectra with spectra produced by an electron transport model based on the INMS neutral densities and a MHD interaction model. In addition, we compare RPWS electron temperature against the models. The important terms in the electron energy equation include loss through excitation of vibrational states of N-2 and CH4, Coulomb collisions with suprathermal electrons, and thermal conduction. Our analysis highlights the important role of the magnetic field line configuration for aeronomic studies at ...
On September 15, 2017, Cassini, the biggest interplanetary spacecraft NASA has ever built, will make a fatal dive into Saturns atmosphere, collecting unprecedented science to end 13-years of discovery at the ringed jewel of our solar system. MISSION SATURN, a one-hour special will tell this story and chronicle the epic end designed to protect any potential for life at Saturns moons - places of future exploration.
The sixth planet from the Sun in the solar system. Saturn orbits the Sun at an average distance of 9.5 AU. The planet has a mass 95.2 times the mass of Earth and a radius 9.45 times the radius of Earth. Saturn is a gas planet and has no solid surface. It is made of hydrogen, helium, ammonia, and methane. Saturn is most famous for its beautiful ring system. In addition to the rings, the planet has 47 known moons, the largest of which is Titan.
Enceladus (/ɛnˈsɛlədəs/; en-SEL-ə-dəs) is the sixth-largest moon of Saturn. It is about 500 kilometers (310 mi) in diameter, about a tenth of that of Saturns largest moon, Titan. Enceladus is mostly covered by fresh, clean ice, making it one of the most reflective bodies of the Solar System. Consequently, its surface temperature at noon only reaches −198 °C (−324 °F), far colder than a light-absorbing body would be. Despite its small size, Enceladus has a wide range of surface features, ranging from old, heavily cratered regions to young, tectonically deformed terrains that formed as recently as 100 million years ago. Enceladus was discovered on August 28, 1789, by William Herschel, but little was known about it until the two Voyager spacecraft, Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, passed nearby in the early 1980s. In 2005, the Cassini spacecraft started multiple close flybys of Enceladus, revealing its surface and environment in greater detail. In particular, Cassini discovered water-rich ...
On Tuesday Saturn - the ruler of maturity, growth and challenges - leaves watery Scorpio for fiery Sagittarius, where it will stay for three years - until December 19, 2017. Saturn visits each zodiac sign every 28-30 years, so its arrival heralds a definitive two-to-three year period that reveals where our toughest lessons will be. Saturns last tour of Sagittarius was November 1985 until November 1988, so if you were born then, dial back through your personal history. You may see recurring themes, or issues that resurface. Saturn spotlights your "lifes work," so stand tall and get cracking on the next round of this soul assignment.. Saturn and Sagittarius are strange bedfellows, because Sagittarius is the sign of optimism and expansion, while Saturn is all about restriction and harsh reality checks. But this blending of opposites could actually strike a healthy balance. Under Saturns measured approach, we may see the combustible global politics and uprising settle down again. Saturn can ...
When the news comes from Saturns moons, the source is typically Titan-with its hazy atmosphere and frigid surface lakes of methane-or Enceladus-with its plumes of water ice. Last week, however, word came that Rhea, the second-largest Saturnian satellite, has some surprises of its own.. In Fridays edition of Science, a study by Ben Teolis and colleagues confirmed that during a pass of the moon in March, when the ever-reliable Cassini spacecraft cruised over Rheas pole at an altitude of just 60 miles, it directly sampled tiny amounts of oxygen and carbon dioxide there.. "This really is the first time that weve seen oxygen directly in the atmosphere of another world," said Andrew Coates, at UCLs Mullard Space Science Laboratory, a co-author of the study. [The Guardian]. Other atmospheres known to exist throughout the solar system, like that of Titan as well as Jupiters moons Europa and Ganymede, were discovered and studied from afar. Rheas, however, is so thin that this direct pass through ...
The simple way to think about the cloud structure is that different types of gas will condense into ice clouds at different altitudes, almost like layers in a parfait dessert. Exactly which cloud condenses where depends on how much vapor is present and on the temperatures, which become colder and colder at lower altitudes in the stratosphere. The reality is more complicated, however, because each type of cloud forms over a range of altitudes, so its possible for some ices to condense simultaneously, or co-condense.. Anderson and colleagues use CIRS to sort through the complex set of infrared fingerprints from many molecules in Titans atmosphere. The instrument separates infrared light into its component colors, like raindrops creating a rainbow, and measures the strengths of the signal at the different wavelengths.. "CIRS acts as a remote-sensing thermometer and as a chemical probe, picking out the heat radiation emitted by individual gases in an atmosphere," said F. Michael Flasar, the CIRS ...
The Cassini spacecraft has revealed craters filled with hydrocarbons, part of the the basic chemistry needed for life, on Saturns moon Hyperion.
NASAs Cassini spacecraft has provided scientists the first clear evidence that Saturns moon Enceladus exhibits signs of present-day hydrothermal activity which may resemble that seen in
TRIPPA B (finally has some music) v. PERRY SATURN (with the original "RAW is WAR" entrance them - sorta) - Bigelow is sporting a black eye, interestingly enough. Bigelow calls to referee "Blind" Johnny Boone and while hes talking to him surprises Saturn with a kneelift - ha! It actually looks less like a black eye and more like just some kinda mark now that I see that closeup. Saturns fighting back, but Bigelow takes him down with one punch. Bigelow rushes him, but Saturn pulls the top rope and Bigelow flies - Saturn to the outside - ASAI MOONSAULT! Both men back in, but Bigelow in first, so he gets to stompin. Nerve hold and rope choke is broken at 4. Off the ropes, Saturn with a kick in the gut - Sunset flip - nope - Bigelows buttdrop misses, however. Off the ropes with a clothesline - again - Bigelow doesnt go down - third attempt is caught. Saturn in the corner, sat up on the top turnbuckle - Bigelow going for the superplex? But he falls to the mat, so he just beals him instead. 1, 2, ...
The space probe Cassini has finished its mission investigating Saturn and its moons! The robot explorer dived into Saturns atmosphere, destroying the probe and giving it an amazing finish.
Saturns moons Tethys and Dione are flinging great streams of particles into space, according to data from the NASA/ESA/ASI Cassini mission to Saturn. The discovery suggests the possibility of some sort of geological activity, ...
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) -- NASA's Cassini spacecraft faces one last perilous adventure around Saturn. Early Saturday, Cassini
One telltale sign is the moons shape, visible at right. "From the shape seen in Cassini images and modeling the likely cratering history, we were able to see that Phoebe started with a nearly spherical shape, rather than being an irregular shape later smoothed into a sphere by impacts," said Peter Thomas, a Cassini team member and co-author of the study. That heat may have come from radioactive elements which generated internal heat and helped the object to form. Internal warming may, the paper says, account for water signatures found by Cassini, as Phoebe may once have been warm enough to host liquid water.. Other evidence for the theory includes Phoebes density, which is close to that of Pluto and therefore hints at similar origins. Throw in the fact that Phoebe orbits backwards and scientists feel it may have been captured by Saturns gravity, rather than the process that caused its other moons to form. ®. Sponsored: The Joy and Pain of Buying IT - Have Your Say ...
A low-temperature flow tube and ultra-high vacuum apparatus were used to explore the uptake and heterogeneous chemistry of acetylene (C2H2) on cosmic dust analogues over the temperature range encountered in Titans atmosphere below 600 km. The uptake coefficient, γ, was measured at 181 K to be (1.6 ± 0.4) × 10-4, (1.9 ± 0.4) × 10−4 and (1.5 ± 0.4) × 10−4 for the uptake of C2H2 on Mg2SiO4, MgFeSiO4 and Fe2SiO4, respectively, indicating that γ is independent of Mg or Fe active sites. The uptake of C2H2 was also measured on SiO2 and SiC as analogues for meteoric smoke particles in Titans atmosphere, but was found to be below the detection limit (γ , 6 × 10−8 and , 4 × 10-7, respectively). The rate of cyclo-trimerization of C2H2 to C6H6 was found to be 2.6 × 10-5 exp(-741/T) s−1, with an uncertainty ranging from ± 27 % at 115 K to ± 49 % at 181 K. A chemical ablation model was used to show that the bulk of cosmic dust particles (radius 0.02-10 µm) entering Titans atmosphere ...
Cassini completed its initial four-year mission to explore the Saturn System in June 2008 and the first extended mission, called the Cassini Equinox Mission, in September 2010. Now, the healthy spacecraft is seeking to make exciting new discoveries in a second extended mission called the Cassini Solstice Mission.. The missions extension, which goes through September 2017, is named for the Saturnian summer solstice occurring in May 2017. The northern summer solstice marks the beginning of summer in the northern hemisphere and winter in the southern hemisphere. Since Cassini arrived at Saturn just after the planets northern winter solstice, the extension will allow for the first study of a complete seasonal period.. Cassini launched in October 1997 with the European Space Agencys Huygens probe. The probe was equipped with six instruments to study Titan, Saturns largest moon. It landed on Titans surface on Jan. 14, 2005, and returned spectacular results.. Meanwhile, Cassinis 12 instruments ...
Anonymous Explorer writes Fresh off of its fly-by with the Saturnian satellite Phoebe, the Cassini-Huygens craft is set for Saturn Orbit Insertion on June 30, 2004. Cassini-Huygens has a planned four year mission ahead for Saturn and its many moons. With 450 watts of power for the electronics, this...
A NASA spacecraft has revealed a new view of Saturn: The first natural-color image of the gas giant from space, in which Saturn, its moons and rings, and Earth, Venus and Mars, are all visible. WSJs
Spacecraft Operations Team Manager, NASAs Cassini spacecraft. On Sunday evening, my eyes were glued to eight windows on my computer screen, watching data pop up every few seconds. NASAs Cassini spacecraft was making its lowest swing through the atmosphere of Saturns moon Titan and I was on the edge of my seat. Trina Ray, a Titan orbiter science team co-chair, was keeping me company. Five other members of my team were also at JPL. Between us, we were keeping an eye on about 2,000 data channels.. One of the 34-meter antennas at the Deep Space Networks Goldstone complex, DSS-24, was pointed at Saturn and listening for the signal that was expected to be here in just a few minutes. The data would be arriving at my computer as quickly as they could be sent back to Earth, though there was an agonizing hour-and-18-minute delay because of the distance the data had to travel. (We call this flyby T70, but it is actually Cassinis 71st flyby of Titan.). It was a nervous time for me - the previous night ...
Surrounded by many dazzling rings, Saturn is the most beautiful planet in the Solar System. It is the second largest planet, sixth from the Sun and the second fastest rotating planet. Its year is roughly 29 1/2 Earth years long. Also, Saturn has the largest moon system out of any planet, at least 20.
With its majestic rings, Saturn is the sixth planet from our Sun and the farthest planet that we can see from Earth with the naked eye. With the possible e Source: 10 Outlandish Conspiracies, Claims, And Theories About Saturn - Listverse
In January and March 2009, astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope took advantage of a rare opportunity to record Saturn when its rings were edge-on, resulting in a unique movie featuring the nearly symmetrical light show at both of the giant planet's poles. It takes Saturn almost thirty...
... Vancouver, BC / April 23, 2014 / Saturn Minerals Inc. (TSXV: SMI)(Frankfurt: SMK) Canadas East and West often dominate the oil and gas business headlines.. But what about its vast centre?. In Canadas middle kingdom of Saskatchewan it is well known that an ancient sea has left behind an abundance of potash and coal which has made this province a global natural resource powerhouse.. But also in the thick and diversified succession of sedimentary rocks below the Prairie lands known as the Williston Basin, lie some of the worlds largest reserves of oil and natural gas. Since the mid-2000s, exploration and development of the Bakken Formation of the Williston Basin that stretches through North Dakota, Montana and Saskatchewan have resulted in this area becoming the second largest oil producing area in North America.. Today there are some 3,000 to 3,500 new oil and gas wells being drilled each year in Saskatchewan said ...
Saturn Oil + Gas Inc. ("Saturn" or the "Company") (TSX VENTURE:SMI)(FRANKFURT:SMK) held its annual general meeting on August 15th, 2017, in Saskatoon.
Hal Riney & Partners here continues to spotlight individual employees at General Motors Saturn division to emphasize that the car maker is "a different kind of company." Thirteen new TV spots break this week nationwide in the second phase of Saturns fall campaign, which was launched last month with six spots ...
Fuel Economy of the 2002 Saturn SC. Compare the gas mileage and greenhouse gas emissions of the 2002 Saturn SC side-by-side with other cars and trucks
On April 18, 2006, I was traveling with my two kids (a nine year old son and seven year old), and we were hit broadside on the passenger side of the car while making a U-turn by a Ford Ranger truck traveling at least 45-50 mph. Needless to say, my 1997 SW2 that I affectionately called "Smoke" was totaled. Most importantly, my kids and I walked away with no major injuries. The kids had typical playground stuff (bruised knee, knot on the head). I had very mild whiplash, a right ankle sprain, and thigh bruises.. It could have been much worse.. Saturns are replaceable, but my kids arent. Im convinced that Smoke gave his life to save his family, and Ill forever be grateful for that. Its hard to look at the pictures and realize that hes gone, but I still have his sister, Sparky, a 1995 SL2.. Im so glad that the first horrific accident Ive ever had was in a Saturn. They live up to their reputation of being safe cars and I couldnt ask for anything more. Had I been driving a foreign car, Im ...
On April 18, 2006, I was traveling with my two kids (a nine year old son and seven year old), and we were hit broadside on the passenger side of the car while making a U-turn by a Ford Ranger truck traveling at least 45-50 mph. Needless to say, my 1997 SW2 that I affectionately called "Smoke" was totaled. Most importantly, my kids and I walked away with no major injuries. The kids had typical playground stuff (bruised knee, knot on the head). I had very mild whiplash, a right ankle sprain, and thigh bruises.. It could have been much worse.. Saturns are replaceable, but my kids arent. Im convinced that Smoke gave his life to save his family, and Ill forever be grateful for that. Its hard to look at the pictures and realize that hes gone, but I still have his sister, Sparky, a 1995 SL2.. Im so glad that the first horrific accident Ive ever had was in a Saturn. They live up to their reputation of being safe cars and I couldnt ask for anything more. Had I been driving a foreign car, Im ...
2008 Saturn VUE overview with photos and videos. Learn more about the 2008 Saturn VUE with Kelley Blue Book expert reviews. Discover information including pricing, ratings, consumer reviews, and more.
Il Saturn Award per i migliori costumi (Best Costumes) è un premio assegnato annualmente nel corso dei Saturn Awards dal 1977 ad oggi.. ...
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VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA--(Marketwired - Oct. 10, 2014) - Saturn Minerals Inc. (TSX VENTURE:SMI)(FRANKFURT:SMK) (Saturn) is pleased to announce that Saturn and Jaguar Resources Inc. have commenced a 2D seismic program over Petroleum Exploration Permit 72 (the Bannock Creek Property) and Exploration Permit 71 (the Little Swan Property) in the northern...
Save $2,381 on a used Saturn Astra. Search pre-owned Saturn Astra listings to find the best Detroit, MI deals. CarGurus analyzes over 6 million cars daily.
The Saturn VUE has an electric fuel pump so you should check its fuses and relays and ensure you have fuel before performing the more difficult task of inspecting the fuel pump. If your vehicle still has difficulty getting fuel you may need to clean or replace the fuel pump. The Saturn VUE's variety of styles can affect the replacement fuel pump you choose.
You just dont see much of the Saturn I launch vehicle. This launch vehicle ended up as little more than an R&D project for more ambitious Saturn technologies. In particular, you just dont get to see much of the damned beautiful symmetry of this rockets S-IV second stage and its six RL-10 cryogenic engines. It…
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Search for your needed Saturn Tail Light Assembly, Saturn Tail Light here at Parts Train, offering a wide selection of Over 1 Million Parts in Stock at Low Prices with Fast Shipping.
Buy Saturn Prescription Eyeglasses from SelectSpecs CA. Wide range of Saturn designer frames. Free lenses, coatings and delivery available.
Liquid water is a requirement for life on Earth. But in other, much colder worlds, life might exist beyond the bounds of water-based chemistry. Taking a simultaneously imaginative and rigidly scientific view, Cornell chemical engineers and astronomers offer a template for life that could thrive in a harsh, cold world - specifically Titan, the giant…
Data collected during two close flybys of Saturns moon Enceladus by NASAs Cassini spacecraft add more fuel to the fire about the Saturnian ice world containing sub-surface liquid water. The data collected by Cassinis Ion and Neutral Mass Spectrometer during Enceladus flybys in July and Oct. 2008, were released in the July 23 issue of the journal Nature. "When Cassini flew through the plume erupting from Enceladus on October 8 of last year, our spectrometer was able to sniff out many complex chemicals, including organic ones, in the vapor and icy particles," said Hunter Waite, the Cassini Ion and Neutral Mass Spectrometer Lead Scientist from the Southwest Research Institute in San Antonio, Texas. "One of the chemicals definitively identified was ammonia ...
Conspiracy channel Section 51 claims to have actual video footage of a manned Russian mission arriving at Saturns moon Titan - 746 million miles from Earth.
After a seven-year, roundabout planetary voyage, the international Cassini-Huygens spacecraft is poised to begin a four-year tour of Saturn, its rings, and 31 known moons, including Earthlike Titan.
Energetic particles raining down from Saturns magnetosphere -- at Enceladus, mostly electrons from Saturns radiation belts -- can break up molecules within the surface. This process is called radiolysis. Like a process called photolysis, in which sunlight can break apart molecules in the atmosphere, energetic radiation from charged particles that hit an icy surface, like that of Enceladus, can cause damage to molecules within the ice. These damaged molecules can get buried deeper and deeper under the surface by the perpetual churning forces that can repave the icy surface. Meteorites constantly crashing into the surface and splashing out material might also be burying the molecules ...
NASA scientists have discovered a thin strip of oxygen in the atmosphere of Dione, one of Saturns 60 moons. It seems to be a rare case of oxygen existing without the support of live organisms.
Recent research suggests much of the eruption activity on the surface of Saturns moon Enceladus could be in the form of broad, curtain-like eruptions, rather than discrete jets.. The researchers modeled eruptions on Enceladus as uniform curtains along the tiger stripe fractures. They found that phantom brightness enhancements appear in places where the viewer is looking through a "fold" in the curtain. The folds exist because the fractures in Enceladus surface are more wavy than perfectly straight. The researchers think this optical illusion is responsible for most of what appear to be individual jets.. "The viewing direction plays an important role in where the phantom jets appear," said Spitale. "If you rotated your perspective around Enceladus south pole, such jets would seem to appear and disappear.". Phantom jets in simulated images produced by the scientists line up nicely with some of the features in real Cassini images that appear to be discrete columns of spray. The correspondence ...
The F ring and all the nearby objects are being continually perturbed by encounters with the shepherding moon Prometheus and this allows the gravitational signature of the embedded objects to be detected, even when the objects themselves cannot be seen.. Dr Sébastien Charnoz of Université Paris 7 / CEA Saclay is a co-author on the paper. He says "Large scale collisions happen in Saturns F ring almost daily - making it a unique place to study. We can now say that these collisions are responsible for the changing features we observe there.". The Cassini images also show new features (called "fans") which result from the gravitational effect of small (~1km) satellites orbiting close to the F ring core.. Professor Keith Mason, CEO of the Science and Technology Facilities Council which funds UK involvement in Cassini-Huygens said "This incredibly successful mission has taught us a great deal about the solar system and the processes at work in it. Understanding how small objects move within the ...
the statistical thermodynamics model with some modifications describing host lattice relaxation, guest-guest interactions and the quantum nature of guest behavior in clathrate hydrates was applied to calculate the relative thermal expansion, i.e. ratio of volume at temperature T and pressure P0 to volume at T0, P0, of hydrogen clathrate hydrate as well as for ices. As reference points the temperature and pressure were selected as T0 = 140 K and P0 = 0.1 MPa, respectively. It was shown that hydrate phases immersed in the ice phases are stable below the three-phase ice-hydrate-gas equilibrium pressure. The hydrate phase remains thermodynamically stable under heating. The calculations show that the pressure in the hydrogen clathrate hydrate sphere immersed into the ice matrix is notably higher than the pressure inside the ice phase, but it does not lead to system distortion because of the formation of a network of hydrogen bonds between hydrate and ice phases. This is because the thermal expansion ...
These mosaics of the south pole of Saturns moon Titan, made from images taken almost one year apart, show changes in dark areas that may be lakes filled by seasonal rains of liquid hydrocarbons. Image: NASA/JPL/Space Science Institute.. In a paper published this week in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, Cassini Imaging Team scientists present evidence, in the form of images taken a year apart, of changes in the appearance and presence of these lakes, apparently due to extensive cloud systems covering the area in the intervening year and producing methane rainfall. And in concert with the paper, having now surveyed nearly all of the satellites surface at a global scale, the Cassini Imaging Team have released the latest maps of Titan, including the first near-infrared images of the leading hemisphere of Titans northern lake district captured in August 2008, which complement existing high-resolution data from Cassinis Visible and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer (VIMS) and RADAR ...
Near the end of 2019, astronomers watching the red giant Betelgeuse noted how much the star had dimmed, continuing to steadily fade for months.. Its a variable star, and its known to get dimmer and brighter, but the big surprise is that its still continuing to dim, recently passing magnitude 1.56 and still getting dimmer. This is unprecedented in the decades that astronomers have been watching the star.. The worlds biggest telescopes are on the case, and the European Southern Observatory released dramatic new images of Betelguese, resolving features on the stars surface and surrounding area showing how its dramatically changed over the course of 2019.. Our Book is out!. https://www.amazon.com/Universe-Today-Ultimate-Viewing-Cosmos/dp/1624145442/. Audio Podcast version:. ITunes: https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/universe-today-guide-to-space-audio/id794058155?mt=2. RSS: https://www.universetoday.com/audio. Weekly email newsletter:. https://www.universetoday.com/newsletter. Weekly Space ...
The unmanned Cassini spacecraft, after completing two passes in the vast, unexplored area between Saturns rings has discovered not much else there, researchers at NASA said.
Title: Raw #images are coming down now from @NASA s #Cassini mission. Among them, our closest look ever at #Saturn s #atmosphere.. Subject: Solar System Objects Observation, Cassini Probe.. Source: NASA JPL, full page: (LINK). via Instagram.. Code: [ R ]. _____. ...
cold fjord sends this news from NASA: A monster storm that erupted on Saturn in late 2010 – as large as any storm ever observed on the ringed planet -- has already impressed researchers with its intensity and long-lived turbulence. A new paper in the journal Icarus reveals another facet of th...
NASAs Cassini spacecraft has survived an unprecedented trip between Saturn and its rings, and has amazing pictures to show for it. Flight controllers regained contact with Cassini on Thursday, a day after...
NASAs Cassini spacecraft has survived an unprecedented trip between Saturn and its rings, and has amazing pictures to show for it. Flight controllers regained contact with Cassini on Thursday, a day after...
THE SIMPLEST ANSWER IS OFTEN CORRECT http://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/photos/raw/index.cfm http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/cassini/main/index.html http://www.nasa.gov/topics/solarsystem/features/titan20100603.html What is Consuming Hydrogen and Acetylene on Titan / 06.03.10 Two new papers based on data from NASAs Cassini spacecraft scrutinize the complex chemical activity on the surface of Saturns moon Titan. While non-biological chemistry offers one possible explanation, some scientists believe these chemical signatures bolster…
Somewhere deep below Saturns cloud tops, the planet rotates at a constant speed. Determining this interior period of rotation has proven extremely complicated. Now, with new Cassini results, a team of European scientists have taken an important step forward.
A view no one has ever seen before: Saturns complete disk, separate from its rings. It was created by Croatian software developer and amateur astrophotographer Gordan Ugarkovic, who combined a 3×4 mosaic of raw Cassini images taken October 10, 2013.. More details from Emiky Lakdawallas blog at the Planetary Society: One for the history books.. The more I look at it the more cool things there are to notice: The hard-edged shadow on the rings (because the sun doesnt subtend the half-degree of arc that it does from the Earth and Moon, leading to an ever-so-slight gradation at the edge of lunar shadows from the partially eclipsed solar disk). The hexagonal feature at Saturns pole. The illumination on Saturns night side from the ring itself, and the way it fades near local midnight (because of the planets shadow on the rings) and near the equator (because from there the rings go edge-on and disappear from the perspective of an observer on Saturns surface).. Reposted from ...
Saturns rich magnetospheric environment is unique in the solar system, with a large number of active magnetospheric processes and phenomena. Observations of this environment from the Cassini spacecra
NASA's Cassini spacecraft captured a portrait of Earth from a distance, with the sphere and rings of Saturn around it, at a time when many Earth dwellers were waving toward the probe.
The spacecraft would also carry three instruments to conduct measurements while in the Saturn system. A much more capable mass spectrometer than that carried by Cassini would make direct chemical measurements of the geysers, the E ring, and Titans upper atmosphere. An infrared spectrometer derived from the Rosetta VIRTIS instrument would both image Titans surface and study the composition of its atmosphere and Encledus geysers. A camera, carried primarily for optical navigation, would also image the dynamics of the geysers. Both spectrometers would be derived from instruments developed in Europe; presumably the LIFE versions of these instruments would be paid for by their sponsoring European nations, helping to keep the missions costs within the Discovery budget ...
Contrary to recent reports, NASAs Cassini spacecraft is not experiencing unexplained deviations in its orbit around Saturn, according to mission managers and orbit determination experts at
The brick red, white and brown cloud bands of Jupiter are seen here from Saturn orbit. The Cassini spacecrafts powerful imaging cameras were specially designed to photograph nearby bodies (cosmically speaking) in the Saturn system, but as this image demonstrates, the cameras are actually telescopes.. Jupiter is imaged here from more than 11 times the distance between Earth and the Sun, or slightly farther than the average Earth-Saturn distance. As demonstrated by PIA08324, Earth is only about a pixel across when viewed from Saturn by Cassini.. Cassinis parting glance at Jupiter, following the spacecrafts 2000 flyby and gravity assist, is PIA03451.. Images taken using red, green and blue spectral filters were combined to create this natural color view. The images were taken with the Cassini spacecraft narrow-angle camera on Feb. 8, 2007 at a distance of approximately 1.8 billion kilometers (1.1 billion miles) from Jupiter and at a Sun-Jupiter-spacecraft, or phase, angle of 50 degrees. Scale in ...
Comparison of Saturns northern hemisphere in October 2004 (left) and July 2008 (right), showing the retreat of the ring shadow (which is mostly hidden behind the rings themselves in the 2008 image) and the fading of the blue color that was prominent in 2004.
NASA?s Cassini spacecraft has compiled an incredibly detailed, never-before-seen view of Saturn that is a visual treat to behold.For readers, the smaller im...
The spacecraft has already provided NASA with much new data. Now it is on its way through the rings of Saturn to the end of its mission.
The plutonium on board will be the last thing to go. The dangerous substance was encased in super-dense iridium as a safeguard for Cassinis 1997 launch and has been used for electric power to run its instruments. Project officials said once the iridium melts, the plutonium will be dispersed into the atmosphere. Nothing - not even traces of plutonium - should escape Saturns deep gravity well.. The whole point of this one last exercise - dubbed the Grand Finale - is to prevent the spacecraft from crashing into the moons of Enceladus (ehn-SEHL-uh-duhs) or Titan. NASA wants future robotic explorers to find pristine worlds where life might possibly exist, free of Earthly contamination.. Its inevitable that the $3.9 billion U.S.-European mission is winding down. Cassinis fuel tank is almost empty, and its objectives have been accomplished many times over since its 2004 arrival at Saturn following a seven-year journey.. The leader of Cassinis imaging team, planetary scientist Carolyn Porco, ...
There are three large seas close to North Pole surrounded by dozens of smaller lakes. When researchers used Cassini radar instrument, that found that one of those seas are filled with pure methane. Ligeia Mare is the second largest reservoir of liquid on Titan after Kraken Mare and before the latest research; it was believed that the sea is made up of ethane. Cassini instrument is the first one to show that Ligeia Mare is composed of pure methane.. "Before Cassini, we expected to find that Ligeia Mare would be mostly made up of ethane, which is produced in abundance in the atmosphere when sunlight breaks methane molecules apart. Instead, this sea is predominantly made of pure methane." Lead researcher Alice Le Gall, a Cassini radar team member at the French research laboratory LATMOS said in a statement.. There could be several explanations for the abundance of methane in Ligeia Mare such as fresh methane rainfall is filling it up again and again or there could be something taking away ethane ...
At the beginning of the Enceladus segment, Enceladus is still pretty far away and small. We start with a long (6.5 hr) observation where ISS (the Imaging Subsystem - the movie shows the Narrow Angle Camera, or NAC, as a white box) is the "prime" instrument (but all the other cameras - ultraviolet, infrared, long-wave infrared - are taking data too). So ISS scans around, to sort of map out the environment of Enceladus and probe into any visible plume material around Enceladus. We then turn to Earth for a short (3 hr) downlink. We want the solid-state recorders (SSRs, where the data are stored until downlink) to be as empty as possible before we get closer to Enceladus and want to really fill them up with a lot of bits of good data. After the short downlink, we turn back to Enceladus and this time VIMS (the Visual and Infrared Mapping Spectrometer - with the field-of-view indicated by the red box) is the "prime" instrument. Enceladus is still small so were just staring and building up signal as ...
Willamette University features acclaimed planetary scientist SALEM, Ore. - On Feb. 9 at 8 p.m., Willamette Universitys Atkinson Lecture Series will feature Carolyn Porco, acclaimed scientist, communicator and imaging team leader for the Cassini mission to the Saturn system. Porco will highlight the discoveries made so far by the Cassini spacecraft and its Huygens probe. In 2005, the probe landed on Titan - the first landing in the outer solar system. Cassini images trace coastal shores along Titans liquid hydrocarbon seas; others depict icy plumes erupting from the surface of Saturns moon, Enceladus. The missions visually stunning images and crucial data not only give scientists perspective into the nature of the planetary system, they demonstrate that conditions for life may be more abundant than once believed. Porco has co-authored more than 100 scientific papers in the planetary sciences. Winner of the Carl Sagan Medal for her skill at communicating scientific exploration to the general ...
Freshly harvested data from NASAs Cassini mission reveals that Saturns bulging core and twisting gravitational forces offer clues to
How do you power a spacecraft to Saturn? Can gravity affect the telomeres inside our cells? What can be done to help people with macular degeneration? How did simple, unicellular life get more complex?
Cuzzis last statement could be taken as a covering model for future upsets. Or, it could be taken as an indication that planetary scientists dont understand the solar system as much TV specials make it seem.. The situation is analogous to the fossil record for Darwinism. Theory predicts gradual change and clear lines of descent, but the evidence keeps showing abrupt appearance, living fossils and convergent evolution (hear Casey Luskin talk about this on ID the Future). As I see it, the evidence is baffling for Darwinians because Darwinism is false. Similarly, the youthful rings of Saturn are baffling to secular planetary scientists because the solar system is young.. I had occasion to meet these scientists when I was at JPL, and I spoke with them on rare occasions. I was responsible for their computers at their universities, and saw them often in periodic Project Science Group meetings at the lab. They were each amicable and pleasant in person. I listened to their presentations with great ...
The TB team and others were discussing the possibility in the Thoth email newsletter years ago that Earth had been egg-shaped in the past and that changing from that to spherical caused the continental movements etc. And now Fred has given a plausible means of getting the Earth to be egg-shaped. The theory used to be that Earth was close enough to Saturn at least for a while that it developed a huge tidal bulge. But a Z-pinch squeeze seems more likely to produce that shape. I dont see any moons of planets that are egg-shaped, so tidal forces dont seem likely to be enough ...
Saturns atmosphere and its rings are shown here in a false-color composite made from 12 images taken in near-infrared light through filters that are sensitive to varying degrees of methane absorption. Red and orange colors in this view indicate clouds that are deep in the atmosphere. Yellow and green colors, most noticeable along the top edge of the view, indicate intermediate clouds. White and blue indicate high clouds and haze. The rings appear as a thin horizontal line of bright blue because they are outside of the atmosphere and not affected by methane absorption ...
Saturn is the sixth planet from the sun in our solar system. It is the second-largest planet in our solar system. It has beautiful rings that orbit it.
Karmic Planet Saturn placed in Cancer, aspected by or conjunct Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter or Venus delivers different effects as per Vedic Astrology
The title refers to a research base on one of the moons of Saturn, where Adam (Douglas) and Alex (Fawcett) have been stationed for three years in an underground "experimental food research station" designed in Eden-green shades. Intruding on this unlikely paradise is Benson (Harvey Keitel), a visitor from Planet Earth carrying a mysterious canister. Bensons there to help increase the efficiency of research at the station, but Adam perceives him, correctly, as a threat. What he gets wrong is the nature of that threat. Adam worries that Benson plans to have his way with Alex, whom he seems to regard as a kind of comfort woman, perhaps pushing Adam into retirement in the process. ("Im close to abort time," Adam frets.) The real problem is Hector the robot, which Benson assembles inside the station from the parts he brought with him ("The first in the Demigod series," he says, ominously). Hector is quickly programmed through radio contact with Bensons own brain. As Benson brings Hector up to ...
Our planet isnt the only one in the solar system that churns out huge, hurricane-like storms. Space giants like Jupiter and Saturn can experience squalls, bigger than the entire Earth.
Aspects between two progressed planets have little or no potency, but when a planet by progression comes into aspect with a radical planet it operates for good or ill, according to its nature and the power of the radical planet in the horoscope. In the following paragraphs we have set down these tendencies, and it matters not whether Venus progresses to a good aspect with radical Saturn, or Saturn progresses to a good aspect with radical Venus, the effects are as noted in the first paragraph, and similarly with the other aspects following. Venus and Saturn in good aspect by progression indicate a period of financial success, gain in social prestige and emotional exaltation. The religious and devotional nature is likely to receive an awakening. Venus and Saturn in evil aspect by progression indicate a period of sorrow and trouble. Both the health and reputation suffer; delays, disappointment and losses are frequent and annoying. Others will seek to impose upon the person; death or separation from ...
Observing Saturn through even a small telescope is amazing. The rings are so obvious and clear that sometimes, when I would show people the planet thro ...
A dimmed star just above the horizon is the Mercury and the Jupiter is glittering just upper right of Mercury. The Venus and Saturn are paralleling in fairy higher sky. The Aldebaran and the Hyades in the constellation of Taurus can be seen near those two inner and outer planets ...
NASAs Cassini spacecraft captured an image of lightning striking within a huge storm that encircled Saturns northern hemisphere, providing scientists with a great opportunity to see how weather plays out at different places in our solar system.. Pasadena, California - Saturn was playing the lightning storm blues. NASAs Cassini spacecraft has captured images of last years storm on Saturn, the largest storm seen up-close at the planet, with bluish spots in the middle of swirling clouds. Those bluish spots indicate flashes of lightning and mark the first time scientists have detected lightning in visible wavelengths on the side of Saturn illuminated by the sun.. "We didnt think wed see lightning on Saturns day side - only its night side," said Ulyana Dyudina, a Cassini imaging team associate based at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena. "The fact that Cassini was able to detect the lightning means that it was very intense.". Images can be found at http://www.nasa.gov/cassini, ...
Pluto acts as a kind of overtone function to Mars; both are ruled by Scorpio. Transiting Mars catches up to Pluto and conjuncts it on September 14, 1999, triggering whatever backfire effect we are in store for (depending on how responsibly we act). I think this Saturn/Mars opposition with its link to Pluto and Chiron makes a grand symbol for the plutonium-loaded Cassini space probe to Saturn (with its August 18th flyby to Earth and the September 14th Mars/Pluto trigger point). Lets look at the other opposition now; Uranus opposing Sun and Moon. That Uranus in Aquarius also conjuncts an Aquarius South Node suggests that the collective has been here before. As a species, it seems we humans have already faced a very similar crisis together. I think this planetary crisis is being repeated now because: 1) we did not get it right the last time 2) we need the shock to wake us up &/or 3) its the only thing big enough to unite us. Now, Im no rocket scientist but I think NASA has the technology, the ...
Explanation: Where did these two irregular moons of Uranus originate? Last week two previously undiscovered moons of the distant gas planet were confirmed, the first in irregular orbits. All fifteen previously known moons of Uranus are regular, circling near the planets equator. Most of these were discovered by the passing Voyager 2 spacecraft in 1986. These newly discovered moons are thought to be odd-shaped and about 100 km across. They are considered irregular, though, because they orbit in odd directions and far from Uranus. If Uranus irregular moons have the same origin as those orbiting Jupiter, Saturn, and Neptune, then they were probably caught from orbits around the Sun. Moons like this are discovered by their motion. One of these moons is shown above as the circled point of light moving from left to right. (To stop the movie from repeating, click "stop" on most browsers.) ...
Together with Paul Butler, Marcy quickly confirmed the reality of the 51 Pegasi planet using the method of precise Doppler measurement that he had developed for the purpose of extrasolar planet detection over many years. Seventy of the next 100 extrasolar planets discovered were found by his team. Many of these planets had distinctly non-circular orbits, in contrast with the orbits of known planets in our own Solar System. Several reside in systems where there is more than one giant planet, with multiple planets in a given system often having orbital periods that bear integer relationships to one another. As the observational sensitivity and the understanding of systematic errors steadily improve, planets with masses more like Saturn and Neptune are being found, instead of only the Jupiter-like bodies that characterized the initial discoveries. Significantly, there are no bodies that have masses appreciably in excess of 10 Jupiter masses. In a few cases, the orbital plane lies sufficiently ...
The STS-132 mission will be the 32nd flight of the space shuttle Atlantis. The primary STS-132 mission objective is to deliver the Russian-made MRM-1 (Mini Research Module) to the International Space Station (ISS). Atlantis will also deliver a new communications antenna and a new set of batteries for one of the ISS solar arrays. The STS-132 mission patch features Atlantis flying off into the sunset as the end of the Space Shuttle Program approaches. However the sun is also heralding the promise of a new day as it rises for the first time on a new ISS module, the MRM-1, which is also named "Rassvet," the Russian word for dawn. The NASA insignia design for shuttle and space station flights is reserved for use by the astronauts and for other official use as the NASA Administrator may authorize. Public availability has been approved only in the form of illustrations by the various news media. When and if there is any change in this policy, which is not anticipated, it will be publicly announced. ...
Together with Paul Butler, Marcy quickly confirmed the reality of the 51 Pegasi planet using the method of precise Doppler measurement that he had developed for the purpose of extrasolar planet detection over many years. Seventy of the next 100 extrasolar planets discovered were found by his team. Many of these planets had distinctly non-circular orbits, in contrast with the orbits of known planets in our own Solar System. Several reside in systems where there is more than one giant planet, with multiple planets in a given system often having orbital periods that bear integer relationships to one another. As the observational sensitivity and the understanding of systematic errors steadily improve, planets with masses more like Saturn and Neptune are being found, instead of only the Jupiter-like bodies that characterized the initial discoveries. Significantly, there are no bodies that have masses appreciably in excess of 10 Jupiter masses. In a few cases, the orbital plane lies sufficiently ...
Go see Green Milk From The Planet Orange, Titan, Rah Bras, Measles Mumps Rubella, Direct from Hollywood Cemetaries @ Kingsland Tavern in Brooklyn on 10/29/2005. Get venue directions, ticket info and more.
Separation of Oxazepam glucuronide solution, 100 μg/mL in methanol, ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material; Lorazepam glucuronide solution, 100 μg/mL in acetonitrile: water (1:1), ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material; Temazepam glucuronide lithium salt solution, 100 μg/mL in methanol (as free acid), ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material; Oxazepam solution, 1 mg/mL in methanol, ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material; Lorazepam solution, 1.0 mg/mL in acetonitrile, ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material; Temazepam solution, 1.0 mg/mL in methanol, ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material
Radar images of asteroid 3122 Florence obtained at the 70-meter antenna at NASAs Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex between August 29 and September 1 have revealed that the asteroid has two small moons.. It also confirmed that main asteroid Florence is about 4.5 km (2.8 miles) in size. Florence is only the third triple asteroid known in the near-Earth population out of more than 16,400 that have been discovered to date. All three near-Earth asteroid triples have been discovered with radar observations and Florence is the first seen since two moons were discovered around asteroid 1994 CC in June 2009.. Animated sequence of radar images of asteroid Florence obtained on Sep. 1, 2017 using the 70-m antenna at the Goldstone Deep Space Communications complex.. The sizes of the two moons are not yet well known, but they are probably between 100 - 300 meters (300-1000 feet) across. The times required for each moon to revolve around Florence are also not yet known precisely but appear to be ...

Saturns Atmosphere | StarDate OnlineSaturn's Atmosphere | StarDate Online

Saturn is a gas planet and has no solid surface. It is made of hydrogen, helium, ammonia, and methane. Saturn is most famous ... Saturn orbits the Sun at an average distance of 9.5 AU. The planet has a mass 95.2 times the mass of Earth and a radius 9.45 ... Saturns Atmosphere. Saturns Atmosphere. The sixth planet from the Sun in the solar system. Saturn orbits the Sun at an ... Saturn is a gas planet and has no solid surface. It is made of hydrogen, helium, ammonia, and methane. Saturn is most famous ...
more infohttps://stardate.org/astro-guide/saturns-atmosphere?page=1

Saturn's double light show - LA TimesSaturn's double light show - LA Times

... s Hubble Space Telescope took advantage of a rare opportunity to record Saturn when its rings were edge-on, resulting in a ... It takes Saturn almost thirty years to orbit the Sun, with the opportunity to image both of its poles occurring only twice ... It takes Saturn almost thirty years to orbit the Sun, with the opportunity to image both of its poles occurring only twice ... It takes Saturn almost thirty years to orbit the Sun, with the opportunity to image both of its poles occurring only twice ...
more infohttp://www.latimes.com/orl-hubble-telescope-0916116-photo.html

SaturnSaturn

Wide range of Saturn designer frames. Free lenses, coatings and delivery available. ... Buy Saturn Prescription Eyeglasses from SelectSpecs CA. ...
more infohttps://www.selectspecs.com/ca/glasses/prescription/saturn/d31803/

Some Scientists Deem Saturn Moon Titan Dry - RedorbitSome Scientists Deem Saturn Moon Titan Dry - Redorbit

LOS ANGELES -- Scientists peering through a ground-based telescope say the surface of Saturns planet-sized moon Titan appears ... which arrived at Saturn last year on a mission to study the ringed planets and its many moons. Cassini has yet to detect ...
more infohttp://www.redorbit.com/news/space/195905/some_scientists_deem_saturn_moon_titan_dry/

Monster Storm Reveals Water On Saturn - SlashdotMonster Storm Reveals Water On Saturn - Slashdot

A monster storm that erupted on Saturn in late 2010 - as large as any storm ever observed on the ringed planet -- has already ... The water originates from deep in Saturns atmosphere. The new finding from Cassini shows that Saturn can dredge up material ... It demonstrates in a very real sense that typically demure-looking Saturn can be just as explosive or even more so than ... This finding, derived from near-infrared measurements by NASAs Cassini spacecraft, is the first detection at Saturn of water ...
more infohttps://science.slashdot.org/story/13/09/04/213226/monster-storm-reveals-water-on-saturn

Saturn Tail Light Assembly at Partstrain.comSaturn Tail Light Assembly at Partstrain.com

Saturn Tail Light here at Parts Train, offering a wide selection of Over 1 Million Parts in Stock at Low Prices with Fast ... Search for your needed Saturn Tail Light Assembly, ... Featured Saturn Tail Light Assembly Models. *Astra Tail Light ... Since the Saturn Tail Light Assembly has undergone many tests, it truly is in no way going to buy destroyed very easilyGiven ... this Saturn Tail Light Assembly stops many other autos from smashing your automobile The vehicle tail lights system that we ...
more infohttp://www.partstrain.com/ShopByDepartment/Tail_Light_Assembly/SATURN

ESA - Planetary scientists close in on Saturns elusive rotationESA - Planetary scientists close in on Saturn's elusive rotation

Somewhere deep below Saturns cloud tops, the planet rotates at a constant speed. Determining this interior period of rotation ... Saturns radio rotation. Using nine months worth of data from NASAs Voyager spacecraft, which flew past the planet during the ... Images of Saturns small moons tell the story of their orig…. 07/12/2007 658 views 0 likes ... Saturns moon Iapetus is the Yin-Yang of the Solar System. 13/09/2007 1254 views 5 likes ...
more infohttp://www.esa.int/Science_Exploration/Space_Science/Cassini-Huygens/Planetary_scientists_close_in_on_Saturn_s_elusive_rotation

Hydrocarbons Found on Saturn MoonHydrocarbons Found on Saturn Moon

Hyperion, Saturns eighth largest moon, has a chaotic spin and orbits Saturn every 21 days. The July 5 issue of Nature also ... This story was originally titled "NASA Finds Hydrocarbons on Saturns Moon Hyperion". ... Prior spacecraft data from other moons of Saturn, as well as Jupiters moons Ganymede and Callisto, suggest that the carbon ... "We think that ordinary carbon dioxide will evaporate from Saturns moons over long periods of time," said Cruikshank, "but it ...
more infohttps://spacearchive.info/news-2007-07-04-jpl.htm

Rev237 (Preview of Cassini Spacecraft Activities Around Saturn)Rev237 (Preview of Cassini Spacecraft Activities Around Saturn)

Saturns second-largest moon, Rhea; the haze-enshrouded, planet-sized moon Titan; the planet Saturn; the planet Jupiter; the D ... Preview of Cassini Spacecraft Activities Around Saturn) - Featured: Methone; ... On July 1, ISS will acquire movies of Saturns faint rings and the Encke Gap in the outer A ring. On July 4, Cassinis time as ... The D ring, which includes the D27 ringlet, is the innermost of Saturns rings. On June 28, ISS will ride along with VIMS as it ...
more infohttp://ciclops.org/view/8366/Rev237

NASA spacecraft embarks on ring-skimming mission at Saturn | 89.3 KPCCNASA spacecraft embarks on ring-skimming mission at Saturn | 89.3 KPCC

NASA spacecraft embarks on ring-skimming mission at Saturn. This file photo is an image of Saturns ring taken by JPLs Cassini ... Cassini spacecraft starts weaving between Saturn and its rings * Scientists find signs that Saturns moon Enceladus might be ... Saturn has five main rings, and other fainter ones, made up of chunks of ice and rock. First spotted by Galileo in 1610, the ... Those bands around Saturn are actually made of countless ice and rock particles swirling in space. There are even moon that ...
more infohttp://www.scpr.org/news/2016/11/30/66679/nasa-spacecraft-embarks-on-ring-skimming-mission-a/

Spacecraft Captures Amazing Photos of Saturn on Unprecedented Trip  - NBC Southern CaliforniaSpacecraft Captures Amazing Photos of Saturn on Unprecedented Trip - NBC Southern California

NASAs Cassini spacecraft has survived an unprecedented trip between Saturn and its rings, and has amazing pictures to show for ... The gap between the rings and the top of Saturns atmosphere is between 1,200 and 1,500 miles across (1,900 to 2,400 kilometers ... The view was captured by NASAs Cassini spacecraft as it became the first spacecraft to venture between Saturn and its rings. ... NASAs Cassini spacecraft has survived an unprecedented trip between Saturn and its rings, and has amazing pictures to show for ...
more infohttps://www.nbclosangeles.com/news/national-international/Spacecraft-Survives-Unprecedented-Trip-Between-Saturn-Rings-420631673.html

Spacecraft Captures Amazing Photos of Saturn on Unprecedented Trip  - NBC Bay AreaSpacecraft Captures Amazing Photos of Saturn on Unprecedented Trip - NBC Bay Area

NASAs Cassini spacecraft has survived an unprecedented trip between Saturn and its rings, and has amazing pictures to show for ... The gap between the rings and the top of Saturns atmosphere is between 1,200 and 1,500 miles across (1,900 to 2,400 kilometers ... The view was captured by NASAs Cassini spacecraft as it became the first spacecraft to venture between Saturn and its rings. ... NASAs Cassini spacecraft has survived an unprecedented trip between Saturn and its rings, and has amazing pictures to show for ...
more infohttps://www.nbcbayarea.com/news/national-international/Spacecraft-Survives-Unprecedented-Trip-Between-Saturn-Rings-420631673.html

Last adventure ahead for NASAs Cassini spacecraft at Saturn - Worldnews.comLast adventure ahead for NASA's Cassini spacecraft at Saturn - Worldnews.com

AP) -- NASA's Cassini spacecraft faces one last perilous adventure around Saturn. Early Saturday, Cassini ... Early Saturday, Cassini will swing past Saturns mega moon Titan. "That last kiss goodbye," as the project manager calls it, ... CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. (AP) -- NASAs Cassini spacecraft faces one last perilous adventure around Saturn. ...
more infohttps://article.wn.com/view/2017/04/21/Last_adventure_ahead_for_NASAs_Cassini_spacecraft_at_Saturn/

NASAs Cassini Spacecraft Detects Monstrous Ice Cloud in Titan, Saturns MoonNASA's Cassini Spacecraft Detects Monstrous Ice Cloud in Titan, Saturn's Moon

NASAs Cassini Spacecraft Detects Monstrous Ice Cloud In Titan, Saturns Moon. Posted: Nov 13 2015, 8:44am CST , by Charles I. ... NASAs Cassini spacecraft has discovered a huge cloud of ice or frozen compounds on Saturns moon, Titan, around the southern ...
more infohttps://www.i4u.com/2015/11/97669/nasa-s-cassini-spacecraft-detects-monstrous-ice-cloud-titan-saturn-s-moon

Cassini Spacecraft Snaps Pictures of Saturns Geyser-Spouting Moon - 80beats : 80beatsCassini Spacecraft Snaps Pictures of Saturn's Geyser-Spouting Moon - 80beats : 80beats

The Cassini spacecraft that has been busily exploring Saturn and its moons swooped to within 30 miles of the tiny moon ... NASA has pegged Enceladus as one of the most likely places in the Solar System (along with Mars and another of Saturns moons, ... Cassini Spacecraft Snaps Pictures of Saturns Geyser-Spouting Moon. By Eliza Strickland , August 13, 2008 10:34 am ... The eruptions produce a halo of frozen water vapor and gas that replenishes Saturns E-ring as Enceladus circles the planet [ ...
more infohttp://blogs.discovermagazine.com/80beats/2008/08/13/cassini-spacecraft-snaps-pictures-of-saturns-geyser-spouting-moon/

Owner Story: Saturn Fan for Life | SaturnFans.comOwner Story: Saturn Fan for Life | SaturnFans.com

What Does Saturn Have in Common with the Energizer Bunny?. *Historic Saturn, GM Vehicles Sold at Barrett-Jackson Auction ... Thank you Saturn for being the greatest cars on the road. Im definitely a Saturn fan for life! ... Im so glad that the first horrific accident Ive ever had was in a Saturn. They live up to their reputation of being safe cars ... Owner Story: Saturn Fan for Life. Posted by Charlie on December 17th, 2008 ...
more infohttp://www.saturnfans.com/cars/s-series/owner-story-saturn-fan-life?s=11b1ef5cf3db9e6537e1262c334ab4b9

Saturn Oil + Gas Inc. Announces Results of Annual General MeetingSaturn Oil + Gas Inc. Announces Results of Annual General Meeting

"Saturn" or the "Company") (TSX VENTURE:SMI)(FRANKFURT:SMK) held its annual general meeting on August 15th, 2017, in Saskatoon. ... About Saturn Oil + Gas Inc.. Saturn Oil + Gas Inc. (TSX VENTURE:SMI)(FRANKFURT:SMK) is a public energy Company focused on the ... EINPresswire.com/ -- SASKATOON, SASKATCHEWAN--(Marketwired - Aug 18, 2017) - Saturn Oil + Gas Inc. ("Saturn" or the "Company ... Saturn is driven to build a strong portfolio of cash flowing assets with strategic land positions. De-risked assets and ...
more infohttp://www.einpresswire.com/article/398905630/saturn-oil-gas-inc-announces-results-of-annual-general-meeting

Saturn Minerals Inc. Announces Additional Seismic and Drilling On Saskatchewan Oil PropertiesSaturn Minerals Inc. Announces Additional Seismic and Drilling On Saskatchewan Oil Properties

10, 2014) - Saturn Minerals Inc. (TSX VENTURE:SMI)(FRANKFURT:SMK) (Saturn) is pleased to announce that Saturn and Jaguar ... 10, 2014) - Saturn Minerals Inc. (TSX VENTURE:SMI)(FRANKFURT:SMK) ("Saturn") is pleased to announce that Saturn and Jaguar ... About Saturn Minerals Inc.. Saturn Minerals Inc. (TSX VENTURE:SMI)(FRANKFURT:SMK) is a junior Canadian Energy Company with a ... Saturn now has two of the largest oil blocks (376,800 acres) in Saskatchewan and is advancing this high impact conventional oil ...
more infohttp://www.marketwired.com/press-release/saturn-minerals-inc-announces-additional-seismic-drilling-on-saskatchewan-oil-properties-1956628.htm

Saturn Minerals Inc. oil finds indicate boom times in central Canadian provinceSaturn Minerals Inc. oil finds indicate boom times in central Canadian province

... Saturn Minerals Inc. oil finds indicate boom ... Saturn today is one of the most active explorers and the largest land owner in the northern Williston Basin. "Saturns mission ... Between 2008-2010, Saturn acquired over 1,700 sq. km of exploration rights for coal and oil & gas in the area and since that ... Saturns properties are underlain by a thick succession of sedimentary geology which has been shown to host high TOC (7-14%) ...
more infohttps://www.accesswire.com/viewarticle.aspx?id=414719

Saturn SA-5 S-IV Rocket Hotness - Spaceflight Blunders & GreatnessSaturn SA-5 S-IV Rocket Hotness - Spaceflight Blunders & Greatness

This launch vehicle ended up as little more than an R&D project for more ambitious Saturn technologies. In particular, you just ... You just dont see much of the Saturn I launch vehicle. ... 1964 liftoff of Saturn I SA-5, the first flight of the Saturn I ... The speed of improvements to the Saturn as well as delays in development of the Command Module meant that the Saturn I would ... Saturn SA-5 S-IV Rocket Hotness. SA-IV stage being prepared for shipment to cape kennedy, Fl. this upper stage Is mated to SA-7 ...
more infohttps://spaceflightblunders.wordpress.com/2017/10/10/saturn-sa-5-s-iv-rocket-hotness/

The Large Picture Blog: Quadruple Saturn Moon Transit Snapped by HubbleThe Large Picture Blog: Quadruple Saturn Moon Transit Snapped by Hubble

Saturns comparatively paper-thin rings are tilted edge on to Earth every 15 years. Because the orbits of Saturns major ... Saturn (9) Science (1) SDO (1) SEM (1) Sky (5) Solar System (6) Space Exploration (1) Spitzer (11) Star Clusters (10) Sun (2) ... Quadruple Saturn Moon Transit Snapped by Hubble Email ThisBlogThis!Share to TwitterShare to FacebookShare to Pinterest. ... Leading the parade is Saturns giant moon Titan - larger than the planet Mercury. The frigid moons thick nitrogen atmosphere ...
more infohttp://lpb.fieldofscience.com/2009/03/quadruple-saturn-moon-transit-snapped.html

10 Outlandish Conspiracies, Claims, And Theories About Saturn - Listverse - Dhananjay Parkhe10 Outlandish Conspiracies, Claims, And Theories About Saturn - Listverse - Dhananjay Parkhe

With the possible e Source: 10 Outlandish Conspiracies, Claims, And Theories About Saturn - Listverse ... Saturn is the sixth planet from our Sun and the farthest planet that we can see from Earth with the naked eye. ... With its majestic rings, Saturn is the sixth planet from our Sun and the farthest planet that we can see from Earth with the ... 10 Outlandish Conspiracies, Claims, And Theories About Saturn - Listverse. Date: October 7, 2017Author: Dhananjaya Pakrhe ...
more infohttps://parkhe.com/2017/10/07/10-outlandish-conspiracies-claims-and-theories-about-saturn-listverse/

Life not as we know it possible on Saturns moon Titan | physics4meLife 'not as we know it' possible on Saturn's moon Titan | physics4me

Life not as we know it possible on Saturns moon Titan. States of acrylonitrile. (A) Azotosome. Interlocking nitrogen and ... Lunine is an expert on Saturns moons and an interdisciplinary scientist on the Cassini-Huygens mission that discovered methane ... the giant moon of Saturn. A planetary body awash with seas not of water, but of liquid methane, Titan could harbor methane- ... neutron stars Nobel Opera experiment Optics Phobos Pluto quantum computers Quantum computing Quasars robots satellites Saturn ...
more infohttps://physicsforme.com/2015/02/28/life-not-as-we-know-it-possible-on-saturns-moon-titan/

Joel kontinen: Global Ocean on Saturns Moon Enceladus Challenges Billions of Years DogmaJoel kontinen: Global Ocean on Saturn's Moon Enceladus Challenges Billions of Years Dogma

"Beneath an icy crust, Saturns moon Enceladus … has an ocean that covers its entire globe. NASAs Cassini spacecraft measured ... salt salvation Sam Harris Samson Samuel Wilberforce Sandra Ralic Sankar Chatterjee Santorini eruption Sarah Palin Saturn scales ...
more infohttp://joelkontinen.blogspot.fi/2015/09/global-ocean-on-saturns-moon-enceladus.html

Experts on Cassini | Planetary Science InstituteExperts on Cassini | Planetary Science Institute

Meanwhile, Cassinis 12 instruments have returned a daily stream of data from Saturns system since arriving at Saturn in 2004. ... Mars, Saturn Spectroscopy, Education/Public Outreach, Crater Counting, Mapping Lucille Le Corre Cassini, Dawn, Hayabusa 1 ( ... Earth, Jupiter, Saturn Plasma spectrometers Henry Throop Cassini, New Horizons Dwarf planets, Exoplanets, Gas giants, Icy ... Earth, Gas giants, Icy satellites, Interplanetary Dust, Io, Jupiter, Mars, Saturn, Solar particles/Solar wind Space-based ...
more infohttp://www.psi.edu/about/missions_keywords/121
  • Saturn is most famous for its beautiful ring system. (stardate.org)
  • Saturn is a gas planet and has no solid surface. (stardate.org)
  • It takes a little over 29 years to make one revolution around the Sun. Saturn has 60 confirmed satellites, many of which are buried inside Saturn's smaller ring systems which are being discovered by NASA's Cassini spacecraft. (weather.gov)
  • Saturn's rings are tilted towards a particular point in the sky so that as Saturn travels in its orbit around the sun, sometimes the rings are presented towards us and at other times they disappear when the Earth is in the same plane as the rings. (space.com)
  • As a member of the Pioneer Saturn imaging team, he discovered Saturn's F ring. (springer.com)
  • Color variations between atmospheric bands and features in the southern hemisphere of Saturn, as well as subtle color differences across the planet's middle B ring, are now more distinct than ever. (nasa.gov)
  • As of this writing, Cassini is scheduled to end its travels around Saturn in mid-September by diving, on command, into the planet's atmosphere. (scientificamerican.com)
  • In January and March 2009, astronomers using NASA's Hubble Space Telescope took advantage of a rare opportunity to record Saturn when its rings were edge-on, resulting in a unique movie featuring the nearly symmetrical light show at both of the giant planet's poles. (latimes.com)
  • By gradually eliminating signals coming from the Sun, Jupiter and other sources, they determined that the signals they were receiving every 10 hours, 39.9 minutes originated at the north pole of Saturn, and were precisely controlled by the planet's rotating magnetic field. (nasa.gov)
  • The NIOSH research team for the Saturn LED area light won the 2017 NIOSH Bullard-Sherwood Research-to-Practice Award, which recognizes outstanding efforts by scientists and their partners in applying occupational safety and health research to prevent work-related injury, illness, and death. (cdc.gov)
  • The Cassini mission ended September 15, 2017 , after more than 13 years orbiting Saturn (SN Online: 9/15/17) . (sciencenews.org)
  • In 1980 and 1981 NASA's Voyager 1 and 2 space probes passed for the first time over the planet Saturn, located 1,500 million km. (scienceblog.com)
  • Warwick's team recorded radio signals from variety of sources in the sky during January and February 1980, when Voyager 1 was more than 380 million kilometers (236 million miles) from Saturn, and Voyager 2 was more than 554 million kilometers (344 million miles) from the planet. (nasa.gov)
  • Voyager 1 is scheduled to make its closest approach to Saturn Nov. 12, 1980. (nasa.gov)
  • Saturn also has clouds made of ammonia ice crystals, but the clouds tops are considerably colder than Jupiter's approaching -400 degrees F. However starting around -300 degrees F., the ammonia would be frozen right out of the clouds. (weather.gov)
  • NIOSH developed the Saturn light for roof bolting machines with the goal of maximizing floor illumination while reducing glare. (cdc.gov)
  • NIOSH conducted a comparative study of glare and visual performance for the detection of trip hazards using the traditional roof bolter lighting and the Saturn LED area light. (cdc.gov)
  • The improved illumination provided by the NIOSH-developed Saturn LED area light (right). (cdc.gov)
  • One result of this research is a light-emitting diode (LED) area light called the NIOSH Saturn. (cdc.gov)
  • The downloadable ZIP file includes a PDF describing a functional overview of the Saturn area light, a README file, and numerous individual software and schematic files created by NIOSH or NIOSH partners in this research. (cdc.gov)
  • Like Jupiter, Saturn rotates extremely fast, and completes a rotation in about 10 hours. (weather.gov)
  • Thus, Titan is tidally-locked and in a synchronous rotation with Saturn, which means one face is permanently pointed towards the planet. (universetoday.com)
  • Results from NIOSH's scientific testing confirm that the Saturn light enables major improvements in trip hazard detection and reduced glare when compared to the existing roof bolter lighting. (cdc.gov)
  • The unpublished results of the study indicated significant reductions of discomfort glare and major improvements in detecting trip hazards when using the Saturn LED area light (Figure 2). (cdc.gov)
  • The name Titan, along with the names for all the seven major satellites of Saturn, were suggested by William Herschel's son, John. (universetoday.com)
  • It's average distance from Saturn (semi-major axis) is 1,221,870 km - ranging from 1,186,680 km at periapsis (closest) to 1,257,060 km at apoapsis (farthest). (universetoday.com)
  • It takes Saturn 10,759 earth days (29.5 years) to finish one revolution around the sun. (smore.com)
  • Brave Saint Saturn is an astro-rock / space pop side project of the popular Christian ska band Five Iron Frenzy . (everything2.com)
  • Saturn has a hot interior, reaching 11,700 °C at its core, and it radiates 2.5 times more energy into space than it receives from the Sun. Jupiter's thermal energy is generated by the Kelvin-Helmholtz mechanism of slow gravitational compression, but such a process alone may not be sufficient to explain heat production for Saturn, because it is less massive. (wikipedia.org)
  • These celebrated events were the opening acts in the story of humanity's exploration of Saturn. (scientificamerican.com)
  • The Saturn area light design is now freely available for commercialization. (cdc.gov)
  • The small size of the Saturn LED area light enables greater flexibility in machine mounting locations. (cdc.gov)
  • The Saturn LED area light (Figure 1) takes up only one-third the volume compared to existing lights used on roof bolters, and it has a useful life of about 30,000 hours in contrast to the existing lighting life of about 8,000 hours from traditional lighting. (cdc.gov)
  • 50 yrs. old) was improved 58% with the Saturn LED area light. (cdc.gov)
  • The Saturn light used an array of 12 cool-white LEDs that provide lighting similar to natural daylight. (cdc.gov)
  • The Saturn light utilizes a downward facing mount so that it can better illuminate the floor. (cdc.gov)
  • The Saturn VUE was redesigned and enlarged for the 2008 model year. (iihs.org)
  • The Saturn VUE was introduced in the 2002 model year. (iihs.org)
  • The GMC Acadia and Saturn Outlook were introduced in the 2007 model year. (iihs.org)