Full gratification of a need or desire followed by a state of relative insensitivity to that particular need or desire.
Behavioral response associated with the achieving of gratification.
Natural recurring desire for food. Alterations may be induced by APPETITE DEPRESSANTS or APPETITE STIMULANTS.
The consumption of edible substances.
A double-walled capsule found in jellyfish and other CNIDARIA whose functions include prey capture, defense, locomotion, and attachment. Nematocysts contain toxic CNIDARIAN VENOMS which are injected into the victim via a barbed tubule.
Behavioral responses or sequences associated with eating including modes of feeding, rhythmic patterns of eating, and time intervals.
The desire for FOOD generated by a sensation arising from the lack of food in the STOMACH.
A condition in which inanimate objects are utilized as a preferred or exclusive method of stimulating erotic arousal.
A drive stemming from a physiological need for WATER.
A genus of BROWN ALGAE in the family Laminariaceae. Dried pencil-like pieces may be inserted in the cervix where they swell as they absorb moisture, serving as osmotic dilators.
Physiologic mechanisms which regulate or control the appetite and food intake.
The evacuation of food from the stomach into the duodenum.
The selection of one food over another.
A peptide, of about 33 amino acids, secreted by the upper INTESTINAL MUCOSA and also found in the central nervous system. It causes gallbladder contraction, release of pancreatic exocrine (or digestive) enzymes, and affects other gastrointestinal functions. Cholecystokinin may be the mediator of satiety.
The S-isomer of FENFLURAMINE. It is a serotonin agonist and is used as an anorectic. Unlike fenfluramine, it does not possess any catecholamine agonist activity.
Disorders that include recurrent, intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors generally involving nonhuman objects, suffering of oneself or partners, or children or other nonconsenting partners. (from DSM-IV, 1994)
A plant family of the order Lamiales. It is characterized by simple leaves in opposite pairs, cystoliths (enlarged cells containing crystals of calcium carbonate), and bilaterally symmetrical and bisexual flowers that are usually crowded together. The common name for Ruellia of wild petunia is easily confused with PETUNIA.
An organ of digestion situated in the left upper quadrant of the abdomen between the termination of the ESOPHAGUS and the beginning of the DUODENUM.
Any substances taken in by the body that provide nourishment.
A sexual disorder occurring in a person 16 years or older and that is recurrent with intense sexually arousing fantasies, sexual urges, or behaviors involving sexual activity with a prepubescent child (generally age 13 or younger). (from APA, DSM-IV, 1994).
The strengthening of a conditioned response.
A small, rounded eminence on each side of the FOURTH VENTRICLE, which receives nerve fibers from the SOLITARY NUCLEUS; SPINAL CORD; and adjacent areas of the MEDULLA OBLONGATA. The area postrema lies outside the BLOOD-BRAIN BARRIER and its functions include acting as an emetic chemoreceptor.
The time frame after a meal or FOOD INTAKE.
GRAY MATTER located in the dorsomedial part of the MEDULLA OBLONGATA associated with the solitary tract. The solitary nucleus receives inputs from most organ systems including the terminations of the facial, glossopharyngeal, and vagus nerves. It is a major coordinator of AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM regulation of cardiovascular, respiratory, gustatory, gastrointestinal, and chemoreceptive aspects of HOMEOSTASIS. The solitary nucleus is also notable for the large number of NEUROTRANSMITTERS which are found therein.
Substances added to foods and medicine to improve the quality of taste.
Learning situations in which the sequence responses of the subject are instrumental in producing reinforcement. When the correct response occurs, which involves the selection from among a repertoire of responses, the subject is immediately reinforced.
A derivative of benzodiazepine that acts on the cholecystokinin A (CCKA) receptor to antagonize CCK-8's (SINCALIDE) physiological and behavioral effects, such as pancreatic stimulation and inhibition of feeding.
Agents that are used to suppress appetite.
A 36-amino acid peptide produced by the L cells of the distal small intestine and colon. Peptide YY inhibits gastric and pancreatic secretion.
The process in which specialized SENSORY RECEPTOR CELLS transduce peripheral stimuli (physical or chemical) into NERVE IMPULSES which are then transmitted to the various sensory centers in the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.
A peptide of 36 or 37 amino acids that is derived from PROGLUCAGON and mainly produced by the INTESTINAL L CELLS. GLP-1(1-37 or 1-36) is further N-terminally truncated resulting in GLP-1(7-37) or GLP-1-(7-36) which can be amidated. These GLP-1 peptides are known to enhance glucose-dependent INSULIN release, suppress GLUCAGON release and gastric emptying, lower BLOOD GLUCOSE, and reduce food intake.
The ability to detect chemicals through gustatory receptors in the mouth, including those on the TONGUE; the PALATE; the PHARYNX; and the EPIGLOTTIS.
The 10th cranial nerve. The vagus is a mixed nerve which contains somatic afferents (from skin in back of the ear and the external auditory meatus), visceral afferents (from the pharynx, larynx, thorax, and abdomen), parasympathetic efferents (to the thorax and abdomen), and efferents to striated muscle (of the larynx and pharynx).
The procedure of presenting the conditioned stimulus without REINFORCEMENT to an organism previously conditioned. It refers also to the diminution of a conditioned response resulting from this procedure.
The posterior of the three primitive cerebral vesicles of an embryonic brain. It consists of myelencephalon, metencephalon, and isthmus rhombencephali from which develop the major BRAIN STEM components, such as MEDULLA OBLONGATA from the myelencephalon, CEREBELLUM and PONS from the metencephalon, with the expanded cavity forming the FOURTH VENTRICLE.
The consumption of liquids.
Total number of calories taken in daily whether ingested or by parenteral routes.
The lack or loss of APPETITE accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat. It is the defining characteristic of the disorder ANOREXIA NERVOSA.
The insertion of a tube into the stomach, intestines, or other portion of the gastrointestinal tract to allow for the passage of food products, etc.
A gamma-emitting radionuclide imaging agent used for the diagnosis of diseases in many tissues, particularly in the gastrointestinal system, cardiovascular and cerebral circulation, brain, thyroid, and joints.
A schedule prescribing when the subject is to be reinforced or rewarded in terms of temporal interval in psychological experiments. The schedule may be continuous or intermittent.
Derivatives of acetamide that are used as solvents, as mild irritants, and in organic synthesis.
An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.
Liquids that are suitable for drinking. (From Merriam Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
Studies comparing two or more treatments or interventions in which the subjects or patients, upon completion of the course of one treatment, are switched to another. In the case of two treatments, A and B, half the subjects are randomly allocated to receive these in the order A, B and half to receive them in the order B, A. A criticism of this design is that effects of the first treatment may carry over into the period when the second is given. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A class of opioid receptors recognized by its pharmacological profile. Kappa opioid receptors bind dynorphins with a higher affinity than endorphins which are themselves preferred to enkephalins.
The order Actiniaria, in the class ANTHOZOA, comprised of large, solitary polyps. All species are carnivorous.
The motor activity of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.
A method in which either the observer(s) or the subject(s) is kept ignorant of the group to which the subjects are assigned.
The shortest and widest portion of the SMALL INTESTINE adjacent to the PYLORUS of the STOMACH. It is named for having the length equal to about the width of 12 fingers.
An outbred strain of rats developed in 1915 by crossing several Wistar Institute white females with a wild gray male. Inbred strains have been derived from this original outbred strain, including Long-Evans cinnamon rats (RATS, INBRED LEC) and Otsuka-Long-Evans-Tokushima Fatty rats (RATS, INBRED OLETF), which are models for Wilson's disease and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus, respectively.
Generally refers to the digestive structures stretching from the MOUTH to ANUS, but does not include the accessory glandular organs (LIVER; BILIARY TRACT; PANCREAS).
The mass or quantity of heaviness of an individual. It is expressed by units of pounds or kilograms.
The observable response an animal makes to any situation.
The chemical reactions involved in the production and utilization of various forms of energy in cells.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
Impaired digestion, especially after eating.

Correlation of regional cerebral blood flow and change of plasma sodium concentration during genesis and satiation of thirst. (1/442)

Positron emission tomography studies were conducted during genesis of moderate thirst by rapid i.v. infusion of hypertonic saline (0.51 M) and after satiation of thirst by drinking water. The correlation of regional cerebral blood flow with the change in the plasma Na concentration showed a significant group of cerebral activations in the anterior cingulate region and also a site in the middle temporal gyrus and in the periaqueductal gray. Strongest deactivations occurred in the parahippocampal and frontal gyri. The data are consistent with an important role of the anterior cingulate in the genesis of thirst.  (+info)

Effect of the glycemic index and content of indigestible carbohydrates of cereal-based breakfast meals on glucose tolerance at lunch in healthy subjects. (2/442)

BACKGROUND: Diets with a low glycemic index (GI) have been shown to improve glucose tolerance in both healthy and diabetic subjects. Two potential mechanisms are discussed in relation to long-term metabolic effects: a decreased demand for insulin in the postprandial phase and formation of short-chain fatty acids from fermentation of indigestible carbohydrates in the colon. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to study the effect of the GI and the indigestible carbohydrate--resistant starch (RS) and dietary fiber (DF)--content of cereal-based breakfasts on glucose tolerance at a second meal (lunch) in healthy subjects. DESIGN: The effects of 7 test breakfasts with known GIs (GI: 52-99) and RS + DF contents (2-36 g) were evaluated. White-wheat bread was used as a reference breakfast (high GI, low RS + DF content). Glucose and insulin responses after the second meal were measured in healthy subjects. In addition, the satiating capacity of 4 of the 7 test breakfasts was estimated before and during the second meal. RESULTS: Two of the 4 low-GI breakfasts improved glucose tolerance at the second meal. Only these 2 breakfasts were capable of postponing the in-between-meal fasting state. There was no measurable effect of fermentable carbohydrates on glucose tolerance at the second meal. The highest satiety score was associated with the barley breakfast that had a low GI and a high RS + DF content. CONCLUSIONS: Glucose tolerance can improve in a single day. Slow absorption and digestion of starch from the breakfast meal, but not the content of indigestible carbohydrates in the breakfast meal, improved glucose tolerance at the second meal (lunch).  (+info)

A rapid feedback signal is not always necessary for termination of a drinking bout. (3/442)

When a pig is deprived of drinking water, a deficit of body water develops that is corrected when the pig drinks to satiation. If food is available during the deprivation, the stimulus to drinking is plasma hyperosmolality. Because of the delay in correction of plasma hyperosmolality as ingested water is slowly absorbed, it has been thought that a rapid inhibitory signal from the digestive tract is necessary to prevent overdrinking. This concept was tested by measuring changes in plasma osmolality before and during drinking after such deprivation and also after infusion of hypertonic saline. As drinking began, there was a rapid fall of plasma osmolality to levels insufficient to drive drinking by the time drinking ended. This fall of plasma hyperosmolality to subthreshold levels while the pig is drinking seems to make a rapid inhibitory control signal from the digestive tract unnecessary to terminate the drinking bout under these conditions.  (+info)

Neuroanatomical correlates of hunger and satiation in humans using positron emission tomography. (4/442)

The central role of the hypothalamus in the origination and/or processing of feeding-related stimuli may be modulated by the activity of other functional areas of the brain including the insular cortex (involved in enteroceptive monitoring) and the prefrontal cortex (involved in the inhibition of inappropriate response tendencies). Regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), a marker of neuronal activity, was measured in 11 healthy, normal-weight men by using positron emission tomography in a state of hunger (after 36-h fast) and a state of satiation (after a liquid meal). Hunger was associated with significantly increased rCBF in the vicinity of the hypothalamus and insular cortex and in additional paralimbic and limbic areas (orbitofrontal cortex, anterior cingulate cortex, and parahippocampal and hippocampal formation), thalamus, caudate, precuneus, putamen, and cerebellum. Satiation was associated with increased rCBF in the vicinity of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and inferior parietal lobule. Changes in plasma insulin concentrations in response to the meal were negatively correlated with changes in rCBF in the insular and orbitofrontal cortex. Changes in plasma free fatty acid concentrations in response to the meal were negatively correlated with changes in rCBF in the anterior cingulate and positively correlated with changes in rCBF in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. In conclusion, these findings raise the possibility that several regions of the brain participate in the regulation of hunger and satiation and that insulin and free fatty acids may be metabolic modulators of postprandial brain neuronal events. Although exploratory, the present study provides a foundation for investigating the human brain regions and cognitive operations that respond to nutritional stimuli.  (+info)

Glucagon-like peptide-1 promotes satiety and reduces food intake in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2. (5/442)

Glucagon-like peptide-1-(7-36) amide (GLP-1) is an incretin hormone of the enteroinsular axis. Recent experimental evidence in animals and healthy subjects suggests that GLP-1 has a role in controlling appetite and energy intake in humans. We have therefore examined in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study in 12 patients with diabetes type 2 the effect of intravenously infused GLP-1 on appetite sensations and energy intake. On 2 days, either saline or GLP-1 (1.5 pmol. kg-1. min-1) was given throughout the experiment. Visual analog scales were used to assess appetite sensations; furthermore, food and fluid intake of a test meal were recorded, and blood was sampled for analysis of plasma glucose and hormone levels. GLP-1 infusion enhanced satiety and fullness compared with placebo (P = 0.028 for fullness and P = 0.026 for hunger feelings). Energy intake was reduced by 27% by GLP-1 (P = 0.034) compared with saline. The results demonstrate a marked effect of GLP-1 on appetite by showing enhanced satiety and reduced energy intake in patients with diabetes type 2.  (+info)

Central leptin modulates behavioral and neural responsivity to CCK. (6/442)

The mechanisms through which leptin, the protein product of the ob gene, affects food intake remain to be determined. To assess whether the actions of leptin depend on modulation of within-meal satiety signals, we measured the effect of third ventricular leptin administration on the satiety actions of CCK. Leptin (10 micrograms) administered 1 h before 30-min access to a liquid diet had no effect on intake when administered alone, but doses of 3.5 or 10 micrograms dose dependently increased the suppression of intake produced by 1 nmol/kg CCK. Examination of patterns of c-Fos activation induced by 3.5 micrograms leptin and 1 nmol/kg CCK revealed that the combination produced significant c-Fos activation within the area postrema and the caudal and medial nucleus of the solitary tract (NST) compared with either leptin or CCK treatments alone. The leptin-CCK combination also resulted in increased c-Fos activation within the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus above that produced by leptin alone. These data suggest that the actions of leptin in food intake are mediated through its ability to modulate responsivity to within-meal satiety signals.  (+info)

Hyperglycemia attenuates the gastrokinetic effect of erythromycin and affects the perception of postprandial hunger in normal subjects. (7/442)

OBJECTIVE: The major aims of this study were to determine in normal subjects whether the effects of erythromycin on gastric emptying, postprandial hunger, and fullness are modified by the blood glucose concentration. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A total of 10 normal subjects (aged 20-39 years) underwent concurrent measurements of gastric emptying, blood glucose, hunger, and fullness on four separate occasions: twice during euglycemia (approximately 4 mmol/l) and twice during hyperglycemia (approximately 15 mmol/l). Either erythromycin (3 mg/kg) or saline (0.9%) was administered intravenously immediately before ingestion of a radioisotopically labeled solid meal. RESULTS: Gastric emptying was slower (P < 0.0001) during hyperglycemia when compared with euglycemia after both erythromycin and saline administration. During hyperglycemia, erythromycin reduced the lag phase (77.8 +/- 12.6 vs. 20.3 +/- 7.3 min; P < 0.05) but had no effect on the postlag emptying rate (0.32 +/- 0.077% per min vs. 0.24% per min). Hunger decreased (P < 0.001) and fullness increased (P < 0.001) after the meal. Postprandial hunger was less during hyperglycemia after saline infusion (P < 0.05) but not after erythromycin. Hunger was greater after erythromycin during both hyperglycemia and euglycemia (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: At a blood glucose concentration of approximately 15 mmol/l, 1) gastric emptying of a solid meal is slower, when compared with euglycemia, even after administration of erythromycin; 2) the effect of erythromycin on gastric emptying of a solid meal is attenuated; and 3) the perception of postprandial hunger is reduced.  (+info)

The role of apolipoprotein A-IV in food intake regulation. (8/442)

Apolipoprotein (apo) A-IV is a glycoprotein synthesized by the human intestine. In rodents, both the small intestine and the liver secrete apo A-IV; the small intestine, however, is by far the major organ responsible for the circulating apo A-IV. Intestinal apo A-IV synthesis is markedly stimulated by fat absorption and appears not to be mediated by the uptake or reesterification of fatty acids to form triglycerides. Rather, it is the formation of chylomicrons that acts as a signal for the induction of intestinal apo A-IV synthesis. Intestinal apo A-IV synthesis is also enhanced by a factor from the ileum and that factor is probably peptide tyrosine-tyrosine (PYY). The inhibition of food intake by apo A-IV is probably mediated centrally. The stimulation of intestinal synthesis and secretion of apo A-IV by lipid absorption are rapid; thus, apo A-IV likely plays a role in the short-term regulation of food intake. Other evidence suggests that apo A-IV may also be involved in the long-term regulation of food intake and body weight. Chronic ingestion of a high fat diet blunts the intestinal apo A-IV response to lipid feeding and may explain why the chronic ingestion of a high fat diet predisposes both animals and humans to obesity.  (+info)

Strong evidence for the role of stomach capacity and desensitisation for the success and failure of dieting comes from Robinson who scanned the stomachs of 22 anorexic and non-anorexic participants. He found that the anorexics had smaller stomachs and reported feelings of satiation more quickly than non-anorexics. Additionally, compelling evidence also comes from Stacher, who studied 12 underweight anorexics by giving half of the group a drug which artificially reduced feelings of satiations and the other half a placebo for a period of six weeks. When participants stopped receiving their medication, those in the drug group reported reduced feelings of satiation at meal times, and gained weight more quickly than the placebo group. This shows that it is possible to be successful in healthy dieting by eating less (causing a shrinking of the stomach), reducing the capacity in order to feel satiation. It is also possible to be unsuccessful in dieting if you consistently overeat causing a stretching ...
Two foods, one rich in protein (HP) and one rich in fat (HF), were employed to evaluate the effect of macronutrients on food intake and to underline the differences that occurred when the foods were served as uniform meal, as first course of a varied meal, and as a snack 2 h before a varied meal. Our results showed that HP food always exerted a higher effect on both intrameal satiation and postingestive satiety than HF food. When a uniform meal was consumed, satiation for the specific food was reached before fullness; in this condition, sensory characteristics of foods played an important role in controlling food intake and made the uniform meal more satiating than the varied one. The consumption of a snack far from a meal did not contribute to satiety; consequently, gastric filling seems to be an important factor determining the amount consumed in a varied meal. ...
Three human studies are propsed to more fully characterized attributes of liquids and solids that may account for the differential appetitive responses they elicit, potential contributory mechanisms as well as the dietary implications of their consumption. Study 1 will contrast the acute effects of fluid and solid foods varying in macronutrient content on satiation, satiety and feeding. Study 2 will determine if the pattern of fluid and solid ingestion influences satiety and feeding by monitoring appetitive and dietary responses to energy and macronutrient matched fluid and solid loads ingested as meal components or between meal snacks. To better assess the clinical implications ofdiets incorpprating liquid or solid supplements. Study 3 will entail chronic ingestion of matched energy yeilding fluid or solid loads with concurrent measurement of appetite, dietary intake, energy expenditureand body weight/composition ...
Three human studies are propsed to more fully characterized attributes of liquids and solids that may account for the differential appetitive responses they elicit, potential contributory mechanisms as well as the dietary implications of their consumption. Study 1 will contrast the acute effects of fluid and solid foods varying in macronutrient content on satiation, satiety and feeding. Study 2 will determine if the pattern of fluid and solid ingestion influences satiety and feeding by monitoring appetitive and dietary responses to energy and macronutrient matched fluid and solid loads ingested as meal components or between meal snacks. To better assess the clinical implications ofdiets incorpprating liquid or solid supplements. Study 3 will entail chronic ingestion of matched energy yeilding fluid or solid loads with concurrent measurement of appetite, dietary intake, energy expenditureand body weight/composition ...
Our digestive tract has a major impact not only on digestion, absorption and defense, but also on satiation and fullness after ingesting a meal. It therefore seems reasonable that the food we eat is a major modulator of gastrointestinal health, through the gut microbiota.
A cross-over study with 2 conditions: participants will be offered a dairy product, of which the expected satiation is either low or high. The study period for both experimental conditions will be 5 days. The wash-out period between the experimental conditions will be at least 1 week. During the 5-day study period, the test product will be offered ad libitum at baseline (day 1), in a fixed load on day 2 to 4, and ad libitum on day 5. Participants will perform a measurement on expected satiation on day 1, on day 2 and after repeated exposure on day 5. At baseline and on day 5, we will measure ad libitum intake of the products to test whether meal size will be different in response to different expectations of the products ...
A device for inducing weight loss in a patient includes a tubular prosthesis self-expandable from a collapsed position in which the prosthesis has a first diameter to an expanded position in which the
Can anyone help. I have had fullness in both of my ears for 11 months. It all started in Aug 07. I have seen four ENTs and none of them can help. I have had a number of test performed including an MRI. Doctors say there is nothing that indicates a problem and I will have to live with it. The problem is I cant, the fullness is so intense it is driving me crazy. I also have tinnitus so the tinnitus with the full makes it unbareable. Is there anyone that is going through what I am going through. Any info will help.. Reply Follow This Thread Stop Following This Thread Flag this Discussion ...
I just had an abdominal ultrasound which revealed right renal pelvic fullness and fullness of both collecting systems. No other findings, bloodwork and urine normal. I had this show up a couple years a...
The way in which the brain sometimes may fail to tell the body that it is full after a hearty meal has been discovered by scientists.
Submental fullness doesnt only occur in the aging adult. The double-chin is an age-old problem. Fortunately, aesthetic medicine has caught up with it.
Today was a great one, and it was an incredible combo of delts and midback work. I havent felt this sort of fullness in a while, and I liked it...
Najtrudniejszą rzeczą jakiej musiałem się nauczyć było świadome podejmowanie decyzji, które łamały serce w pół, a później branie stuprocentowej odpowiedzialności za ich konsekwencje. ...
這瓶是專門用在眼部的遮瑕, 如果你要遮痘疤就比較不適合可能會嫌不夠力, 它的質地很液狀的非常容易推開, 也不會卡在皺紋裡, 關於遮瑕膏怎麼選色, 亞洲人偏黃的肌膚, 如果你是要蓋在一般的粉底上面, 一般建議是買比自己的粉底淺一兩個色號, 要帶點橘色才能抵掉眼圈裡面的藍黑色, 如果是粉紅色底色的遮瑕膏,通常比較適合很白很白的白種人, 不適合亞洲人的黃肌會造成灰灰的效果, 如果你想要直接使用遮瑕膏不先上粉底的話, 那選擇跟粉底貼近的顏色就可以了, 給大家參考, 大家如果有甚麼心得的話也多多交流 ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Effects of Dietary Protein and Fiber at Breakfast on Appetite, ad Libitum Energy Intake at Lunch, and Neural Responses to Visual Food Stimuli in Overweight Adults. AU - Sayer, R. Drew. AU - Amankwaah, Akua F.. AU - Tamer, Gregory G.. AU - Chen, Ningning. AU - Wright, Amy J.. AU - Tregellas, Jason R.. AU - Cornier, Marc Andre. AU - Kareken, David A.. AU - Talavage, Thomas M.. AU - McCrory, Megan A.. AU - Campbell, Wayne W.. PY - 2016/1/5. Y1 - 2016/1/5. N2 - Increasing either protein or fiber at mealtimes has relatively modest effects on ingestive behavior. Whether protein and fiber have additive or interactive effects on ingestive behavior is not known. Fifteen overweight adults (5 female, 10 male; BMI: 27.1 ± 0.2 kg/m²; aged 26 ± 1 year) consumed four breakfast meals in a randomized crossover manner (normal protein (12 g) + normal fiber (2 g), normal protein (12 g) + high fiber (8 g), high protein (25 g) + normal fiber (2 g), high protein (25 g) + high fiber (8 g)). The ...
Taste is involved in food preference and choice, and it is thought that it can modulate appetite and food intake. The present study investigated the effect of savory or sweet taste on satiation, reward, and food intake and according to individual differences in eating behavior traits underlying susceptibility to overeating. In a crossover design, 30 women (BMI = 22.7 ± 2.3; age = 21.9 ± 2.6 y) consumed a fixed energy preload (360 kJ/g) with a savory, sweet, or bland taste before selecting and consuming items from a test meal ad libitum. Sensations of hunger were used to calculate the satiating efficiency of the preloads. A computerized task was used to examine effects on food reward (explicit liking and implicit wanting). The Three Factor Eating Questionnaire was used to compare individual differences in eating behavior traits. Satiation and total food intake did not differ according to preload taste, but there was an effect on explicit liking and food selection. The savory preload reduced ...
Results showed that chewing 40 times had a positive effect on satiety after the meal, they were less hungry, less preoccupied with food, and had less desire to eat.
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Consumption of high-energy beverages has been implicated as a risk factor for weight gain, yet why nutrients ingested as beverages fail to generate adequate satiety remains unclear. In general, consumers do not expect drinks to be satiating, but drinks generate greater satiety when their sensory characteristics imply they may be filling. These findings challenge traditional bottom-up models of how gut-based satiety signals modify behaviour to suggest that beliefs at the point of ingestion modify gut-based satiety signalling. Healthy volunteers (n=23) consumed four different beverages, combining an overt sensory manipulation (thin, low sensory (LS) or thicker and more creamy, enhanced sensory (ES)) and covert nutrient manipulation (low energy (LE), 78 kcal; high energy (HE), 267 kcal) on different days. Effects on satiety were assessed through rated appetite and levels of glucose, insulin, pancreatic polypeptide (PP) and cholesystokinin (CCK) recorded periodically over 90 min, and through intake at an ad
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), an endocrine satiation signal, is secreted by the intestinal `L cells as well as a small population of neurons in the hindbrain. One of its diverse actions is reduction of food intake ...
Individuals with severe overweight have an inhibited sense of satiation - they release fewer satiety hormones than people of normal weight. The reason: the responsible cells in the gastrointestinal tract of obese people are ...
Functional dyspepsia (FD) is classified into postprandial distress syndrome (PDS) and epigastric pain syndrome (EPS) based on accumulating epidemiological and pathophysiological data [1, 2]. PDS is a characterized by postprandial fullness and early satiation [2], in the absence of any organic, systemic, or metabolic disease that likely explains the symptoms. Both in the general population and in patients, the most common symptom is postprandial fullness (68-86%)-the main symptom of PDS [3, 4]. PDS might have a higher prevalence of impaired gastric accommodation than EPS [1]. Only a few randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were conducted to examine the treatment responses of PDS and EPS, though testing responses to different FD subgroup are urgently needed [1].. This condition is not a life-threatening disease [5, 6], although patients suffer from a reduced quality of life (QoL) [7-11]. According to a ten-year follow-up study, up to 40% of people with the condition consult a primary care physician ...
Our results demonstrate that HF-feeding in animals prone to obesity results in impaired GLP-1 satiation signaling. Specifically, OP animals maintained on the HE/HF diet exhibit decreased sensitivity to the satiating effects of Ex-4, a GLP-1R agonist, compared with OR rats fed a similar diet or their counterparts fed chow. Furthermore, and similar to previous studies, we found that during HE/HF-feeding, OP rats gained significantly more weight, had increased body adiposity, and consumed more calories during 24 h than OR rats (4,5). Increased energy intake in HE/HF-fed OP rats is a function of increased meal size (4), indicating an inability of OP rats to effectively suppress appetite and calorie intake after a meal. Indeed, diet-induced obese rats exhibit decreased sensitivity to intraintestinal lipid-induced satiation compared with diet-resistant rats, an effect associated with diminished GLP-1 protein expression in the intestinal epithelium (5).. Fat is a potent GLP-1 secretagogue (12), and ...
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Pounding and fullness in stomach with high blood - Fullness in Stomach - Buzzle. HGH Energizers Health supplement provides essential nutrients that may be lacking due to the strain that is often put on the bodys health.
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Dietary protein can be advantageous for people grappling with blood sugar issues. It increases satiety, that feeling of being full.
Researchers at the University of Iowa analyzed 18 years of data on 6,550 people over 40 who had no history of heart disease. They found a connection between no breakfast and heart woes.
The belief in the PEBO exceeds the strength of scientific evidence. The scientific record is distorted by RLPV and BRR. RLPV is a suboptimal use of collective scientific resources.
Since August I have had fullness in my ears and a constant ringging in both ears. I thought it might be due to seasonal allergies so I began taking Claritin. I havent noticed any change. I can live wi...
I almost never have breakfast, James Betts, a senior lecturer at University of Bath, told Reynolds. That was part of my motivation for conducting this research, as everybody was always telling me off and saying I should know better.. One thing Ive learned as a health writer is that a wealth of academic research is the product of personal vendettas, some healthier than others. The crux of the breakfast divide is a phenomenon known among nutrition scientists as proposed effect of breakfast on obesity, or the PEBO. Its the idea people who dont eat breakfast actually end up eating more and/or worse things over the course of the day because their nightly fast was not properly broken.. Some studies have supported that idea, but a strong meta-analysis of all existing research last year by obesity researchers found that the belief in the PEBO exceeds the strength of scientific evidence, citing poor research and bias in reporting.. Another study published last year researchers at Cornell had ...
When you awake every morning, do you open your eyes to colours? Definitely! Right within your very own bedroom. As you wondered into the bat ...
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I remember one time when my daughter was in college. She was really miserable with the flu and had no energy to cook or even go find a restaurant with soup. I drove three and a half miles up to her college and made her a big pot of this soup, bringing the ingredients with me and leaving her more, and the recipe, in case she needed to make another batch. She said she started feeling better very soon after I made the soup, so maybe its the soup and maybe its the TLC. ...
I remember one time when my daughter was in college. She was really miserable with the flu and had no energy to cook or even go find a restaurant with soup. I drove three and a half miles up to her college and made her a big pot of this soup, bringing the ingredients with me and leaving her more, and the recipe, in case she needed to make another batch. She said she started feeling better very soon after I made the soup, so maybe its the soup and maybe its the TLC. ...
KYBELLA® injection is indicated for improvement in the appearance of moderate to severe convexity or fullness associated with submental fat in adults.
ive been on it for about a week now. i like the fullness i get in my muscles. the thing that has been sucking is the LETHARGY! it has been kicking my
Remember, winter will come to an end. In the meantime. nosh on as many yummy soups as possible! This soups simple ingredients will nourish you to the core. It takes about...
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Frank had to do some research to prove to Jerome that what Americans call French onion soup really is from France. Jerome never saw it wh...
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Previous studies have reported that polydextrose can reduce food intake; however, the optimal dose required to achieve this effect is currently unknown. The present study investigated the effects of consuming a range of doses of polydextrose on appetite and energy intake (EI) using a randomised within-subject, cross-over design. For this purpose, twenty-one participants (n 12 men, n 9 women) consumed an 837 kJ liquid preload containing 0 g (control), 6.3, 12.5 or 25 g polydextrose. Subjective appetite ratings were collected using visual analogue scales and an ad libitum test meal was served 90 min later. Participants recorded EI for the remainder of the day in a food diary. Test meal EI following the control preload (5756 (sem 423) kJ) was significantly higher than following the 6.3 g (5048 (sem 384) kJ), 12.5 g (4722 (sem 384) kJ) and 25 g (4362 (sem 316) kJ) preloads (P| 0.05), and EI following the 6.3 g preload was significantly higher than following the 25 g preload (P| 0.01). There were no
There is a growing interest in modulating gut microbiota with diet in the context of obesity. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the dose-dependent effects of prebiotics (inulin and oligofructose) on gut satiety hormones, energy expenditure, gastric emptying and gut microbiota. Male le …
Background Obesity is currently one of the major causes of ill health and it is clear that overeatingis the cause of obesity. However, the actions of many endogenous factors that contribute to overeating are still not well understood. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic transmission has been shown to be of great importance for food intake regulation. The progesterone metabolite allopregnanolone is a potent positive GABAA receptor modulating steroid (GAMS) and in humans, elevated allopregnanolone levels have been suggested to be involved in increased food intake, and also with overweight and obesity. GABAA receptors that express the α2 and α3 subunits are proposed to be the main subtypes involved in food intake regulation. Therefore, the aims of the work in this thesis were to further investigate the effect of allopregnanolone on food intake, feeding behaviour, possible effects on weight gain and also to characterize a possible antagonist at α2β3γ2and α3β3γ2 GABAA receptors.. Methods ...
My research program focuses on the CNS regulation of food intake, body weight, and energy balance by hormones such as insulin and leptin. These hormones, which are present in blood in direct proportion to body fat mass, have a profound anorexic effect when they enter the brain, where they alter the transcription, synthesis, and secretion of peptides (such as neuropeptide Y and melanocortins) in feeding-related neural circuits of the hypothalamus and brainstem. Recent work has focused on the interaction of leptin with the satiety action of peptides such as CCK and GLP-1 produced in the intestines during a meal. These gut peptides signal to the brainstem via the vagus nerve and regulate meal size by causing satiety, thereby resulting in meal termination. In the presence of leptin, these satiety signals to the brain are more effective, resulting in smaller meals. We have used immunocytochemistry, situ hybridization, retrograde axonal transport, confocal microscopy, and laser capture microdissection ...
The ability to maintain adequate nutrient intake is critical for survival. Complex interrelated neuronal circuits have developed in the mammalian brain to regulate many aspects of feeding behaviour, from food-seeking to meal termination. The hypothalamus and brainstem are thought to be the principal homeostatic brain areas responsible for regulating body weight. However, in the current obesogenic human environment food intake is largely determined by non-homeostatic factors including cognition, emotion and reward, which are primarily processed in corticolimbic and higher cortical brain regions. Although the pleasure of eating is modulated by satiety and food deprivation increases the reward value of food, there is currently no adequate neurobiological account of this interaction between homeostatic and higher centres in the regulation of food intake in humans. Here we show, using functional magnetic resonance imaging, that peptide YY(3-36) (PYY), a physiological gut-derived satiety signal, ...
The ability to maintain adequate nutrient intake is critical for survival. Complex interrelated neuronal circuits have developed in the mammalian brain to regulate many aspects of feeding behaviour, from food-seeking to meal termination. The hypothalamus and brainstem are thought to be the principal homeostatic brain areas responsible for regulating body weight. However, in the current obesogenic human environment food intake is largely determined by non-homeostatic factors including cognition, emotion and reward, which are primarily processed in corticolimbic and higher cortical brain regions. Although the pleasure of eating is modulated by satiety and food deprivation increases the reward value of food, there is currently no adequate neurobiological account of this interaction between homeostatic and higher centres in the regulation of food intake in humans. Here we show, using functional magnetic resonance imaging, that peptide YY(3-36) (PYY), a physiological gut-derived satiety signal, ...
The ability to maintain adequate nutrient intake is critical for survival. Complex interrelated neuronal circuits have developed in the mammalian brain to regulate many aspects of feeding behaviour, from food-seeking to meal termination. The hypothalamus and brainstem are thought to be the principal homeostatic brain areas responsible for regulating body weight. However, in the current obesogenic human environment food intake is largely determined by non-homeostatic factors including cognition, emotion and reward, which are primarily processed in corticolimbic and higher cortical brain regions. Although the pleasure of eating is modulated by satiety and food deprivation increases the reward value of food, there is currently no adequate neurobiological account of this interaction between homeostatic and higher centres in the regulation of food intake in humans. Here we show, using functional magnetic resonance imaging, that peptide YY(3-36) (PYY), a physiological gut-derived satiety signal, ...
The ability to maintain adequate nutrient intake is critical for survival. Complex interrelated neuronal circuits have developed in the mammalian brain to regulate many aspects of feeding behaviour, from food-seeking to meal termination. The hypothalamus and brainstem are thought to be the principal homeostatic brain areas responsible for regulating body weight. However, in the current obesogenic human environment food intake is largely determined by non-homeostatic factors including cognition, emotion and reward, which are primarily processed in corticolimbic and higher cortical brain regions. Although the pleasure of eating is modulated by satiety and food deprivation increases the reward value of food, there is currently no adequate neurobiological account of this interaction between homeostatic and higher centres in the regulation of food intake in humans. Here we show, using functional magnetic resonance imaging, that peptide YY(3-36) (PYY), a physiological gut-derived satiety signal, ...
Feeding is an innate behavior in the animal kingdom. Proper amount of food consumption is critical for survival and health, as well as for producing high-quality progenies. Although appetite signals for promoting eating have been widely investigated, the mechanisms underlying feeding termination are poorly understood. On Jan 19th, 2017, a research paper entitled Drosophila FIT Is a Protein-specific Satiety Hormone Essential for Feeding Control in the journal of Nature Communication addressed this important question. Animals consume food containing essential amino acids daily, and deficiency in protein consumption leads to severe developmental defects. On the other hand, a bunch of evidences have shown that excess protein intake results in stresses in organs, like kidney and liver, the acid-base imbalance, and even severe diseases, such as renal failure. Among the three macronutrients, protein exerts the greatest inhibitory effect in feeding control. Nevertheless, protein-specific nutrient ...
The β-adrenergic receptors are known to positively mediate body fat loss (mice lacking the receptors experience obesity[34]) and activation of the β3-adrenergic receptor encourages a reduction in food intake and fat loss in rodents,[35] in part via activating uncoupling proteins such as UCP1.[36][37]. OEA targets PPARα, and PPARα is known to have increased effects when the β3 receptor is activated[38] which partly mediates the effects of β3 on other lipolytic proteins such as PGC-1α and Uncoupling Protein 1 (UCP1) in brown adipose tissue.[39][40] In accordance with the hypotheses, coadministration of OEA (5mg/kg peripheral injection) and a β3 agonist appear to be additive in reducing food intake and synergistic in reducing fat mass in rats associated with an increase in energy expenditure (with no influence on locomotor activity).[33] At least in rats, the increase in PPARα and UCP1 (thought to reflect the increase in energy expenditure) occurred in both white and brown adipose tissue ...
Tip 3: Eat vegetables first. Eating vegetables causes satiation. Foods that promote satiation (full sensation) are generally very bulky, have a high water and fiber content, and carry strong sensory attributes. It is important to realize that the satiating properties of a food are not just determined by its nutrient (and water) content. Texture is also very important. For example, there is evidence that eating an apple is more satiating than drinking apple juice, even if that apple juice was prepared in a blender using the entire apple. ...
In this study, we demonstrate a category-specific (food-related) interaction between hunger (motivational state) and cognitive performance (recognition memory). A close, time-locked relationship between hunger ratings and memory for food was evident in both early and late satiation groups (Fig. 1 B,D). Most notably, in the 20 min interval between pre-satiation and post-satiation scans, a ,20% memory advantage for food stimuli relative to non-food was abolished in all 10 subjects (Fig. 1 C,D). Previous psychophysical experiments have shown that recognition of tachistoscopically presented food-relevant words is enhanced during fasting compared with satiation (Erwin and Ferguson, 1979; Ferguson, 1983). Our behavioral data show a similar interaction between physiological, motivational, and cognitive processes, thus uniting emotional memory enhancement (Cahill and McGaugh, 1998) and motivational modulation of behavioral preference (Rolls et al., 1982) within a single experimental paradigm.. Amygdala ...
If tension is making us miserable, snuffing out all the good work our happy genes do, weve learned that one balm can fix it all: money. Never mind what youve been taught to the contrary, money can indeed buy happiness, at least in certain circumstances. It was in 1974 that University of Southern California economist Richard Easterlin first formulated his eponymous (and soon ubiquitous) Easterlin Paradox, which held that there is a threshold beyond which increases in income produce no commensurate increase in subjective well-being. Once basic needs (food, clothing, shelter) are met, we simply reach a satiation point. For a lot of people, this never met the plausibility test, and for Americans in particular, who have always been unembarrassedly O.K. with the goal of getting rich, who delighted in a movie in which a character flatly announced that greed is good, the satiation idea was especially troubling.. Turns out we were right. The Easterlin Paradox held sway only until other researchers ...
We would like to show you a description here but the site wont allow us. Kata kunci: dispepsia fungsional, karakteristik penderita, kekambuhan Abstract Dyspepsia is one of the common health problems that found by the doctors in daily practice. Prevalence rate of functional dyspepsia in the England is about % while in United Stated is about 15%. The Rome III consensus committee defined dyspepsia as the presence of any of the following symptoms: postprandial fullness, early satiation, epigastric pain, and epigastric burning.1 Episodes of dyspepsia (Greek dys: bad, peptein: digestion) occur occasionally in every individual, but the entity of functional (non-ulcer) dyspepsia is a more. Amitriptilin juga berefek menekan anti muskarinik. 24,25 Efek samping amitriptilin berupa mengantuk, peningkatan berat badan, gejala antikolinergik seperti mulut kering, mata kering, lightheadedness, konstipasi, aritmia jantung,26 Amitriptilin sebagai terapi dispepsia fungsional Patofisiologi dispepsia fungsional ...
Body weight depends on equality between food intake and expenditures of nutrients and energy. This balance is largely achieved by controlling the intake of nutrients based on the size and frequency of meals. Intake is assessed by a pattern of signals eminating from the digestive tract as a meal is in progress. The characteristics of the food and the products of its digestion are used to inform the CNS continuously as to the amounts of nutrient ingested. This information is in the form of satiety signals that may be chemical signals or nerve impulses. As the meal proceeds, these satiety signals become progressively stronger, until they cause the meal to end at an appropriate size. In the subsequent intermeal interval, these satiety signals weaken as nutrients are consumed within the body again until the tonic influences driving eating behavior initiate eating.. ...
Even though aural fullness is ubiquitous among patients presenting to otolaryngology clinics, the association between aural fullness and disease development has not yet been clearly determined. Our study was performed on outpatients from June 2
Fortunately, for those of us who prefer to eat solid than liquid food, there is the mighty mono food diet. Kitchari is used as an Ayurvedic detox food that also is believed to foster spiritual growth in its native India. Kitchari is the Sanskrit word for mixture and is used to describe any dish that is made with beans and rice. Originally it was used to feed the sick, the elderly and babies due to its high digestibility. The purpose of the diet is similar to the goal of juicing with some added benefits. First of all, the food has substance, so it is high on satiety, which is the feeling of fullness and satisfaction we get after eating a meal. The higher the satiety the higher the leptin levels which stave off hunger for longer periods of time and prevent overeating. This makes it a perfect weight loss food. If you have any gastrointestinal issues, it is an excellent diet for healing and repair of inflammation. Mono diet means you eat the exact same food for a period of time, up to about a week. ...
This Royal Canin Indoor Appetite Control has been specially designed to help your indoor cat stay at their healthiest weight. How it works By combining...
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Question - Consistent fatigue and tiredness, fullness feeling on slight eating, pain in ovaries, gas. Cause?. Ask a Doctor about Puberty, Ask a Gastroenterologist
The chest pain and discomfort common with angina may be described as pressure, squeezing, fullness or pain in the center of your chest. Some people with angina symptoms describe angina as feeling like a vise is squeezing their chest or feeling like a heavy weight has been placed on their chest. For others, it may feel like indigestion. ...
WebMD Symptom Checker helps you find the most common medical conditions indicated by the symptoms Bloating or fullness, Body aches or pains, Excessive crying and Fatigue and including Viral syndrome, Exercise or physical activity and Depression (Adult).
WebMD Symptom Checker helps you find the most common medical conditions indicated by the symptoms Bloating or fullness, Bulging veins and Diarrhea and including .
WEEHAWKEN BRIEFS - Pancake breakfast is Sunday The Weehawken VFW Oulton-Kraft Post 1923 will hold its first annual pancake breakfast on Sunday June 8 at the Post located at 309 Park Ave. It will be an all-you-can-eat breakfast of pancakes sausage ...
Cabinet Minister Michael Gove came on LBC to be questioned by Nick Ferrari at Breakfast on Brexit, the Governments tougher tier proposals - and whether a Scotch egg constitutes as a substantial meal in a pub.
Its always nice to serve a special breakfast on weekends or when guests are staying, especially during the holidays. This pancake can be put together quickly, and bakes while the cook does other things. - Quick & Easy Puff Pancake Recipe - Quick Cooking at BellaOnline
I was not meeting the goal of 2,200 calories a day during the first 3 weeks of the diet. During the first three weeks of the diet I only ate until I was full. I didnt realize that potatoes would give me such a high sense of fullness after each meal. So for those first 3 weeks, I was only consuming about 1,600 calories a day. After the third week I had lost 12 pounds and realized that I needed to change strategy. I then began to eat more potatoes despite the sense of fullness I was experiencing. So for the remaining 5 ½ weeks I was very diligent about eating the 2,200 calories. I continued to lose weight but at a slower place. I lost an additional 9 pounds over the course of those remaining 5 1/2 weeks. At the start of my diet I estimated, via a couple different on line calorie calculators, that I burn about 2,200 calories a day. Since I continued to lose weight, Im assuming I actually burn closer to 2,800 calories a day. Something that may have also played a role in continued weight loss was ...
Make a double-batch this weekend and look to the freezer for dinner the next time you have a busy night. These high-protein, satisfying soups hold up well to being frozen.
Foodelphi.com üzerindeki hiçbir bilgi para veya üyelik karşılığında satılmaz, pazarlanmaz. İçerikler yazarlarına / kaynaklarına aittir, bu sebeple isimlerinin linklerde yayımlamasına özen gösterilmiştir. Çalışmaları için teşekkürlerimizi sunarız. İçerikler kaynak göstermek koşuluyla özgürce kullanılabilir.. ...
What is Inflammation & Why the Fuss? Inflammation is a protective mechanism that allows your body to defend itself against infection, illness, or injury. It can also occur on a chronic basis, which can lead to various diseases. Put simply there are two types of inflammation. The first type is classical inflammation, which generates the [...] ...
I have been having constant feeling of fullness in my stomach since the past 8 years, whenever I eat a meal it feels like the food sits in the stomach the whole day and I dont ever feel hungry for Breakfast, lunch or dinner. I get constant burping after every meal even from just drinking water. D...
Order energising tonic soup online & get free international* shipping. Eu Yan Sang offers tonic soup and natural herbal tonic soups of highest quality standards.
Knowing when to feed is an essential part of healthy feeding. Find out how your baby is signaling their hunger and fullness through feeding cues and how to deal with feeding issues.
As promised, Ive been thinking about the details of Chandok v. Klessig. To recap, we have a case where a postdoc (Meena Chandok) generated some exciting scientific findings. She and her supervisor (Daniel F. Klessig), along with some coworkers, published those findings. Then, in the fullness of time, after others working with Klessig tried to reproduce those findings on the way to extending the work, Klessig decided that the results were not sufficiently reproducible. At that point, Klessig decided that the published papers reported those findings needed to be retracted. Retracting a paper, as weve had occasion to discuss before, communicates something about the results (namely that the authors cannot stand behind them anymore). By extension, a retraction can also communicate something to the scientific community about the researcher responsible for generating those results - perhaps that she was too quick to decide a result was robust and rush it into print, or that she made an honest mistake ...
Restylane with lidocaine is used to add volume and fullness to the skin and to correct fine lines and moderate to severe wrinkles and folds.
Here is our list of the best chilled soups and gazpachos in New York City. Check out these chilled soups and gazpachos in New York City.
A cheese course after the entree is the hallmark of an elegant dinner. Served with or without a simple salad, it can consist of a variety of cheeses or a single special offering. Either way, it
Have you tried Chicken Soup with Misua and Patola lately? I have been planning to cook this dish for weeks because I want to recall how good this dish was.
I grew up in a foodie house. As the daughter of a chef, it was always home-made meals, followed by freshly baked this, that or the other, though our dinners werent as healthy as you mi
All trademarks are properties of their respective owners © 2013-2014 - Foodstantly™ is owned by Agrovtive Limited. All rights ...
Predator satiation[edit]. A newly emerged periodical cicada: millions emerge at once, at long intervals, likely to satiate ... Main articles: Predator satiation and Periodical cicada. A radical strategy for avoiding predators which may otherwise kill a ... so predator satiation is a likely evolutionary explanation for the cicadas' unusual life-cycle, though not the only one. ...
... and that predator satiation is a short-term maintenance strategy.[17] This hypothesis was subsequently supported through a ... Their mass emergence is a survival trait called predator satiation: for the first week after emergence, the periodical cicadas ... and predator satiation". Ecology. 74 (4): 1143-1152. doi:10.2307/1940484. JSTOR 1940484.. ...
Anthony, Mark (1 Apr 2014). "Understanding Satiation and Satiety". Food Processing. Retrieved 5 April 2015. "Junk food is more ...
Now if MPL>0 then leisure satiation option becomes invalid, and if MPL=0 then the option of food and leisure as perfect ... This is the point of leisure satiation. Consider a case where a laborer shifts from the agricultural to the industrial sector. ... However, that would imply leisure satiation or leisure as an inferior good, which are two extreme cases. It can be surmised ... Leisure satiation is present. 3. There is perfect substitutability between food and leisure, and the marginal rate of ...
National Academies Press, Washington, D.C. Ryan, P. J (2018). "The neurocircuitry of fluid satiation". Physiological Reports. 6 ...
The characteristic of orthographic satiation as opposed to semantic satiation is that meaning remains intact. It was suggested ... Reactive inhibition Semantic satiation Valsiner, Jaan; Veer, Rene van der (2000). The Social Mind: Construction of the Idea. ... ISBN 3-525-45850-9. Lee, Nien-Chen (2007). Perceptual Coherence of Chinese Characters: Orthographic Satiation and ... that this is different from semantic satiation and from the stimulus familiarization effect because orthographic satiation ...
Geraint A. Tarling & Magnus L. Johnson (2006). "Satiation gives krill that sinking feeling". Current Biology. 16 (3): 83-4. doi ...
Semantic satiation Gestaltzerfall Hull, Clark (1943). Principles of Behavior: an introduction to behavior theory. Oxford, ...
Geraint A. Tarling; Magnus L. Johnson (2006). "Satiation gives krill that sinking feeling". Current Biology. 16 (3): 83-84. doi ...
These satiation and alternation behaviors are evolutionarily adaptive. The decision to vary the type of food consumed ensures ... The first is known as satiation. The workers will at first show a strong preference for a particular food type. However, if ...
Attentional blink Semantic satiation Kanwisher, N (1987). "Repetition blindness: Type recognition without token individuation ...
Economic satiation Keynes-Ramsey rule Binger, B.; Hoffman, E. (1998). Microeconomics with Calculus (2nd ed.). Addison-Wesley. p ...
The feeling has been evoked through semantic satiation. Chris Moulin of the University of Leeds asked 95 volunteers to write ...
Sweeney, Bernard W.; Vannote, Robin L. (1982). "Population Synchrony in Mayflies: A Predator Satiation Hypothesis". Evolution. ...
A Predator Satiation Hypothesis". Evolution. 36 (4): 810-822. doi:10.2307/2407894. JSTOR 2407894. PMID 28568232. Peters, ...
Predator satiation is a mechanism commonly thought to drive the evolution of masting (the result of across-year flowering ... Predator satiation is particularly well-studied in trees species. When populations produce a large crop of seeds, seed ... Pollination Reproductive synchrony Bamboo#Mass flowering Mast seeding Predator satiation Swarm behaviour#Plants Ims, Rolf (1990 ...
Grill, H.C.; Norgren, R. (1978b). "Chronically decerebrate rats demonstrate satiation but not bait shyness". Science. 201 (4352 ...
"A dynamic attribute satiation model of variety-seeking behavior." Journal of Consumer Research 9, no. 2 (1982): 141-150. Van ...
Marshall, W.L. (1979). "Satiation therapy: A procedure for reducing deviant sexual arousal". Journal of Applied Behavior ... satiation therapy (masturbatory reconditioning), and various social skills training programs including empathy training. ...
"Leptin reverses declines in satiation in weight-reduced obese humans". Am J Clin Nutr. 95: 309-17. doi:10.3945/ajcn.111.012385 ...
Alarm management Compassion fatigue Semantic satiation "Alarm Related Terms" (PDF). Retrieved 18 October 2013. CS1 maint: ...
Glanzer, M. (1953). Stimulus satiation: An explanation of spontaneous alternation and related phenomena. Psychological Review, ...
The cessation of a desire to eat after a meal "satiation" is likely to be due to different processes and cues. More palatable ... 1991). Hunger, hedonics, and the control of satiation and satiety. pp. 127-148. In: M.I. Friedman, M.G. Tordoff and M.R. Kare ... a negative feedback due to satiation and satiety cues following ingestion. In the indirect loop these cues are learnt by ... foods reduce the effects of such cues upon satiation causing a larger food intake. In contrast, unpalatability of certain foods ...
Samuel Edward Hill Initiation, satiation, resignation: the development of Baroja's... - Page 10 1964 "His father was a mining ...
... the rhetoric of satiation from Deuteronomy 6:11. Then Deuteronomy 11:16-17 follows with the negative "if-then" - the "if" being ...
... satiation, resignation: the development of Baroja's ... - Page 10 1964 "His father was a mining engineer and, by avocation, a ...
Nordquist, Richard (2012-09-24). "A Few More Oddities: Illeism, Semantic Satiation, and Garden-Path Sentences". About.com guide ...
Gastrointestinal factors in the acquisition of oral sensory control of satiation. Physiol Behav. 1973;11(1):23-9. Booth DA. ...
Satiation is often cited as an important component of museum fatigue. It occurs when a visitor views a number of monotonous ... Similarly, those who do not have prior expectations of what they will see in the museum also experience delays of satiation. ... Camarero & Garrido found in 2018 that visitors who follow a self-regulated path seem to achieve satiation later than those who ... The two are connected via satiation and choice. An explanation proposed by Melton in 1935, dubbed the competition-distraction ...
Satiation rates when eating depend on interactions of trait self-control and healthiness of the food. After eating equal ... One may manipulate one's own behavior by affecting states of deprivation or satiation. By skipping a meal before a free dinner ... Deprivation is the time in which an individual does not receive a reinforcer, while satiation occurs when an individual has ... Perceived unhealthiness of the food alone, regardless of actual health level, relates to faster satiation, but only for people ...
Economic satiation, where increasing the amount of a good reduces the worth of each individual unit of it Predator satiation, ... Satiation may refer to: Satiety, feeling "full" and satisfied after eating; the cessation of hunger. See also Cholecystokinin- ... an anti-predator adaptation involving high population densities of the prey Semantic satiation, where repetition of a word or ... Snatiation This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Satiation. If an internal link led you here, you ...
Predator satiation can be considered a type of refuge from predators. As available food increases, a predator has more chances ... Predator satiation (less commonly called predator saturation) is an anti-predator adaptation in which prey briefly occur at ... In contrast to predator satiation, a different pattern is seen in response to mutualistic consumers, which benefit an organism ... What does it mean for the predator satiation hypothesis?". Oecologia. 172 (2): 461-7. Bibcode:2013Oecol.172..461Z. doi:10.1007/ ...
... a satiation hormone produced in the human brain and intestine that circulates in... ... The satiation hormone and womens health. Researchers in Sweden have discovered that neurotensin, a satiation hormone produced ... This is the first time a satiation hormone has been linked to these three common diseases in women, commented co-author ... Researchers in Sweden have discovered that neurotensin, a satiation hormone produced in the human brain and intestine that ...
The semantic satiation hypothesis predicts that the N400 should decrease with high repetition. However, previous findings have ... The semantic satiation hypothesis predicts that the N400 should decrease with high repetition. However, previous findings have ... The results support the semantic rather than the perceptual nature of the satiation effect. ... Semantic satiation is characterised by the subjective and temporary loss of meaning after high repetition of a prime word. To ...
... Nat Hum Behav. 2018 Jan;2(1):33-38. doi: 10.1038/s41562-017- ... We also find that in certain parts of the world, incomes beyond satiation are associated with lower life evaluations. These ... Controlling for demographic factors, we use spline regression models to statistically identify points of income satiation. ... However, there is substantial variation across world regions, with satiation occurring later in wealthier regions. ...
... on the sexual satiation phenomenon. It was found that both antagonists exert a dose-based biphasic effect on the proportion of ... Opioid Antagonists and the Sexual Satiation Phenomenon Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1995 Nov;122(2):131-6. doi: 10.1007/ ... on the sexual satiation phenomenon. It was found that both antagonists exert a dose-based biphasic effect on the proportion of ...
... do not alone cause satiation. Satiation requires gastric distension and all elements occurring in the characteristic ... Regional brain responses associated with drinking water during thirst and after its satiation. Pascal Saker, Michael J. Farrell ... The final two scans took place after participants drank in excess of the amount required for satiation. Increasing ratings of ... Following the satiation of thirst, subsequent compliant overdrinking is accompanied by a subjective experience of ...
The Satiation of Natural Curiosity: 10.4018/IJSSS.2016070102: At the core of this essay is the idea that cognition is best ... "The Satiation of Natural Curiosity," International Journal of Signs and Semiotic Systems (IJSSS) 5 (2016): 2, accessed (March ... Schoeller, F. (2016). The Satiation of Natural Curiosity. International Journal of Signs and Semiotic Systems (IJSSS), 5(2), 27 ... The Satiation of Natural Curiosity. Felix Schoeller (École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales, Paris, France). ...
Home Model Systems Animal Models Targeting Endocannabinoid Receptors in Gut Could Curb Overeating by Restoring Satiation ... Cells in the lining of the small intestine can sense dietary components such as fats, and stimulate the release of satiation ... Targeting Endocannabinoid Receptors in Gut Could Curb Overeating by Restoring Satiation Signaling. June 11, 2019. 0 ... "If drugs could be developed to target these cannabinoid receptors so that the release of satiation peptides is not inhibited ...
... Author(s). Ruijschop, R.; Boelrijk, A.E.M.; Giffel, M.C. te; Graaf, C. de; ... Sensory satiation is probably one of the most important factors in meal termination. In this paper, the use of aromas to induce ... Another approach is to increase satiation by making use of differences in retro-nasal aroma release profiles. It is known that ... In a double-blind placebo-controlled randomised cross-over full factorial design, it was shown that perceived satiation can be ...
Differential brain responses to satiation in obese and lean men.. J F Gautier, K Chen, A D Salbe, D Bandy, R E Pratley, M ... Differential brain responses to satiation in obese and lean men.. J F Gautier, K Chen, A D Salbe, D Bandy, R E Pratley, M ... Differential brain responses to satiation in obese and lean men. Message Subject (Your Name) has forwarded a page to you from ... As in lean men, satiation in obese men produced significant increases in rCBF in the vicinity of the ventromedial and ...
Dietary fat, fibre, satiation, and satiety-a systematic review of acute studies. Access & Citations. * 3213 Article Accesses. ...
2 is a plan view of a satiation device utilizing principles of the present invention. FIG. 3 is a plan view of a satiation ... 2 shows a first embodiment of a satiation device 100 utilizing principles of the present invention. Satiation device 100 ... Another embodiment of a satiation device is illustrated in FIG. 20. This satiation device includes a duodenal absorption ... Satiation devices and methods Abstract. A device for inducing weight loss in a patient includes a tubular prosthesis self- ...
Cholecystokinin regulates satiation independently of the abdominal vagal nerve in a pig model of total subdiaphragmatic ... However, it is not clear to what extent CCK and GLP-1 increase satiation by stimulating receptors located on abdominal vagal ... Our data show that at liquid feeding, satiation is decreased effectively by pharmacological blockade of CCK1 receptors. We ...
The control was pasta and tomato sauce (pasta and sauce). FI (satiation) was measured at the treatment meal (0-20 min) and at ... The acute effects of a pulse-containing meal on glycaemic responses and measures of satiety and satiation within and at a later ... Consumption of pulses in a high-glycaemic meal contributes to earlier satiation, lower BG following the meal and after a later ... Pulses are low glycaemic foods; however, their effect on satiation is unknown. The objective was to determine the effects of an ...
Evaluation of the Influence of Raw Almonds on Appetite Control: Satiation, Satiety, Hedonics and Consumer Perceptions by Sophie ... Hollingworth S, Dalton M, Blundell JE, Finlayson G. Evaluation of the Influence of Raw Almonds on Appetite Control: Satiation, ... "Evaluation of the Influence of Raw Almonds on Appetite Control: Satiation, Satiety, Hedonics and Consumer Perceptions" ... Satiation, Satiety, Hedonics and Consumer Perceptions. Nutrients 2019, 11, 2030. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11092030 ...
The behavioural state of satiation in the leech is regulated by body distension and mimicked by serotonin depletion ... The behavioural state of satiation in the leech is regulated by body distension and mimicked by serotonin depletion ... The behavioural state of satiation in the leech is regulated by body distension and mimicked by serotonin depletion ... The behavioural state of satiation in the leech is regulated by body distension and mimicked by serotonin depletion ...
"Effects of satiation on feeding and swimming behaviour of planktivores, Hydrobiologia" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental ... Effects of satiation on feeding and swimming behaviour of planktivores. Effects of satiation on feeding and swimming behaviour ... "Effects of satiation on feeding and swimming behaviour of planktivores." Hydrobiologia 443.3 (2004): 147-157.. EndNote ... Across all prey densities, the feeding rates of fish reached a plateau after satiation. The swimming speed of fish was found to ...
Critical role for peptide YY in protein-mediated satiation and body-weight regulation. Abstract. Dietary protein enhances ... Critical role for peptide YY in protein-mediated satiation and body-weight regulation ... Critical role for peptide YY in protein-mediated satiation and body-weight regulation ...
Ethanol intake as a function of concentration during food deprivation and satiation. by R. A. Meisch et al. ... Ethanol intake as a function of concentration during food deprivation and satiation.. *. R. A. Meisch, T. Thompson ... article{Meisch1974EthanolIA, title={Ethanol intake as a function of concentration during food deprivation and satiation.}, ...
Satiation. Submitted by Chris on October 18, 2019 - 2:40pm Youre mixing two different ideas. A person may be satiated after ...
Leptin resistance in vagal afferent neurons inhibits cholecystokinin signaling and satiation in diet induced obese rats. PLoS ... Leptin resistance in vagal afferent neurons inhibits cholecystokinin signaling and satiation in diet induced obese rats. In: ... We tested the hypothesis that leptin resistance in VAN is responsible for reducing CCK signaling and satiation. Results: Lean ... Conclusions: Leptin signaling in VAN is required for appropriate CCK signaling and satiation. In response to high fat feeding, ...
Predator satiation[edit]. A newly emerged periodical cicada: millions emerge at once, at long intervals, likely to satiate ... Main articles: Predator satiation and Periodical cicada. A radical strategy for avoiding predators which may otherwise kill a ... so predator satiation is a likely evolutionary explanation for the cicadas unusual life-cycle, though not the only one. ...
Satiation Saturated Fat Sleep Sleep Apnea SLEEPSounder Stress Tolerance Time Restricted Eating Ultra-processed Foods Veggies ... On average, it takes 20 minutes for these signals to cross the satiation threshold.. If we eat too fast, it is easy to overeat ... More often than not, you will feel fully satiated as a few more minutes go by, and your satiation hormones have had their time ... This feat is achieved through a symphony of signals between your brain and gut, carefully balancing hunger and satiation, ...
Satiation of Breakfasts. The satiation capacity of test breakfasts 1, 2, and 3 were compared separately for the first, second, ... After breakfast, satiation and palatability were measured immediately, and before lunch, satiety was measured. The scales were ... There were no significant differences between the test breakfasts in immediate satiation (χ2 = 1.575, df = 2, P = .455; χ2 = ... Breakfast palatability, satiation after breakfast, and satiety before lunch were measured using rating scales based on ...
... and that predator satiation is a short-term maintenance strategy.[17] This hypothesis was subsequently supported through a ... Their mass emergence is a survival trait called predator satiation: for the first week after emergence, the periodical cicadas ... and predator satiation". Ecology. 74 (4): 1143-1152. doi:10.2307/1940484. JSTOR 1940484.. ...
Ana," he breathed into the back of her neck, one hand busy on her, one on himself.. Ana leaned back into him for a moment, rolling her head onto his shoulder, quietly voicing her exhalation as the stubble on his cheeks rubbed against her ear. She was briefly cooled where her body touched his, the sweat-damp fabric of her blouse pressing into her skin. Kauls randiness was directly proportional to the outside air temperature. Hot summer days, temperatures in the triple digits and air thick and translucent with humidity, he wished nothing more than to spend every one of the long daylight hours undressed and glass-eyed from dissipation. In winter, hed hang limp like a wet piece of twine for weeks on end.. They were in the middle of a twenty hectare wheat field, the stalks firm and healthy, still dark green. Kauls entire body worked behind Ana, putting subtle pressure to the backs of her knees, pulling her torso back and hanging his weight from her shoulders, trying to work her down to the ground. ...
Focus on satiation. So, its all well and good to know what you should be eating and in what quantity but sometimes your ... Well, apparently mindless eating can be behind our satiation mishaps and apparently eating while watching every video on ...
10 Semantic Satiation. Have you ever repeated a word several times and found that, after a while, it started to lose meaning? ... If you have, you neednt worry-scientists have studied this phenomenon and call it semantic satiation. Studies found that as ... uses for this information beyond just amusing themselves with how easily we trick ourselves-by using semantic satiation in a ...
Satiation. The desire to stop eating, terminating the current meal.. Satiety. The lack of desire to start eating. ...
  • The acute effects of a pulse-containing meal on glycaemic responses and measures of satiety and satiation within and at a later meal. (nih.gov)
  • Breakfast palatability, satiation after breakfast, and satiety before lunch were measured using rating scales based on previously used tools. (aappublications.org)
  • An example of this would be, for someone who struggles with satiation, eating more protein and fiber earlier in the day, so they'll naturally create a stronger satiety signal for a longer period of time. (healthshepherds.com)
  • Satiety is sometimes used interchangeably with satiation, but the terms aren't the same. (precisionnutrition.com)
  • The intensity of sati- in their effects on hunger, satiation, and satiety. (yudu.com)
  • Dr. Acosta's Precision Medicine for Obesity Lab is focused on the mechanisms and regulation of appetite, satiation and satiety, including the role of gastric function, gastrointestinal hormones, taste preferences, bile acids, and enterohepatic regulation and gut energy utilization. (mayo.edu)
  • Dr. Acosta's laboratory seeks to understand the regulation of satiation and satiety through the complex interaction among the gut, liver and brain in human obesity. (mayo.edu)
  • Well, apparently mindless eating can be behind our satiation mishaps and apparently eating while watching every video on Youtube isn't the way to properly gauge our hunger and fullness. (womenshealthmag.com)
  • There's a concept called satiation , which is the feeling of fullness you get during a meal that tells you it's time to stop eating. (healthshepherds.com)
  • Satiation scores were generated to assess hunger, fullness, desire to eat and prospective food consumption levels at 30 min before, 0 min before and 0 min after test meals at day 1 and day 15. (qmu.ac.uk)
  • Satiation is the feeling of fullness achieved during food consumption that promotes an end to eating. (sciencelearn.org.nz)
  • This is in part influenced by satiation - the perception of fullness you get during a meal that causes you to stop eating. (precisionnutrition.com)
  • satiation is your perception of fullness during a meal . (precisionnutrition.com)
  • Patient showing at least 2 of the 8 symptoms shown below repeatedly from 3 months before obtaining consent (At least one symptom of either postprandial fullness or early satiation should be included. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Fat calories induce fullness or 'satiation. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This randomized (2:1), placebo-controlled, double-blind study evaluated the effects of processed quinoa on body mass index (BMI), glycated hemoglobin (HbA 1c ), fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and the satiation and fullness (complete) degree in prediabetic patients. (isciii.es)
  • The results show that processed quinoa intake during 28 days decreases BMI and HbA 1c levels, maintains FPG levels, and increases the satiation and fullness (complete) degree in prediabetic patients. (isciii.es)
  • This feat is achieved through a symphony of signals between your brain and gut, carefully balancing hunger and satiation, adjusting your resting metabolic rate up or down like a thermostat to maintain such a fine balance. (wellnessgarage.ca)
  • In your brain, the hypothalamus is the control centre for hunger and satiation, receiving nervous and hormonal signals to increase appetite or stop feeding. (wellnessgarage.ca)
  • Know Your Hunger Hormones ' discussed the role of leptin and ghrelin in appetite and satiation. (healthcentral.com)
  • This helps with satiation and delaying hunger. (healthcentral.com)
  • Our aim was to compare effects of octreotide and placebo on postprandial symptoms, satiation, and gastric volumes in obesity. (elsevier.com)
  • gastric distension and hormonal satiation . (precisionnutrition.com)
  • The investigators hypothesize that stomach injections of botulinum toxin A (BTA), delivered through an endoscope using endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), may cause delayed gastric emptying, satiation, and reduction in body weight. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Gastric emptying, satiation, symptoms, psychological dimensions of eating behavior, and caloric intake are recorded before and after injections, and subjects are seen in follow-up for 24 weeks. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • So a breakfast that contains eggs or egg whites and Greek yogurt might be helpful in controlling appetite and providing satiation and satisfaction. (healthcentral.com)
  • Studies by scientists at the University of California, Riverside (UCR), have now shown that in diet-induced obesity (DOI), overactive endocannabinoid (eCB) signaling in the intestine blocks the release of a gut-brain satiation signaling peptide called cholecystokinin (CCK), which then promotes overeating. (genengnews.com)
  • Economic satiation, where increasing the amount of a good reduces the worth of each individual unit of it Predator satiation, an anti-predator adaptation involving high population densities of the prey Semantic satiation, where repetition of a word or phrase causes it to temporarily lose meaning Saturation (disambiguation) Snatiation This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Satiation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Predator satiation (less commonly called predator saturation) is an anti-predator adaptation in which prey briefly occur at high population densities, reducing the probability of an individual organism being eaten. (wikipedia.org)
  • Predator satiation can be considered a type of refuge from predators. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast to predator satiation, a different pattern is seen in response to mutualistic consumers, which benefit an organism by feeding from it (such as frugivores, which disperse seeds). (wikipedia.org)
  • What does it mean for the predator satiation hypothesis? (wikipedia.org)
  • It was found that the increasing satiation level greatly influenced the handling time and reactive volume of predator, which finally caused reduced feeding rates. (deepdyve.com)
  • We tested the predator satiation hypothesis, acorn preference, and predator size by concurrently. (usda.gov)
  • Predator/prey on reaching satiation indicates that they are saturated and no tendency to hunt more. (amrita.edu)
  • While considering satiation parameter in the predator, another important factor needs to be considered. (amrita.edu)
  • The predator on reaching satiation may not hunt down the prey, but can store the prey for future consumption. (amrita.edu)
  • In the above equation, there's an additional parameter called "c" was added which is called the satiation value for the predator. (amrita.edu)
  • Semantic satiation is characterised by the subjective and temporary loss of meaning after high repetition of a prime word. (frontiersin.org)
  • The semantic satiation hypothesis predicts that the N400 should decrease with high repetition. (frontiersin.org)
  • The results support the semantic rather than the perceptual nature of the satiation effect. (frontiersin.org)
  • Yet this very disassociation appears to be the effect of a commonly experienced but little investigated phenomenon known as semantic satiation, defined as the subjective experience of a temporary loss of the meaning of a word after it has been repeatedly produced or perceived ( Balota and Black, 1997 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • This pattern, where prolonged activation results in an inhibition of activation, is not unique to semantic satiation, however. (frontiersin.org)
  • If you have, you needn't worry-scientists have studied this phenomenon and call it semantic satiation. (listverse.com)
  • Researchers have found practical uses for this information beyond just amusing themselves with how easily we trick ourselves-by using semantic satiation in a controlled environment, they have been able to help those who stutter, and in one case were able to help someone with coprolalia, the uncontrollable cursing sometimes associated with Tourette's syndrome, by having him repeat his favorite curse words over and over. (listverse.com)
  • We tested the hypothesis that leptin resistance in VAN is responsible for reducing CCK signaling and satiation. (elsevier.com)
  • If drugs could be developed to target these cannabinoid receptors so that the release of satiation peptides is not inhibited during excessive eating, we would be a step closer to addressing the prevalence of obesity that affects millions of people in the country and around the world," said Nicholas V. DiPatrizio, PhD, an assistant professor of biomedical sciences in the UCR School of Medicine, who led the research. (genengnews.com)
  • DiPatrizio and colleagues report their findings in Frontiers in Physiology , in a paper titled, " Cannabinoid CB 1 receptors inhibit gut-brain satiation signaling in diet-induced obesity . (genengnews.com)
  • The UCR team used a diet-induced obesity mouse model to investigate whether CB 1 Rs in the small-intestine epithelium might control feeding indirectly, by blocking the release of such gut-derived satiation peptides, and so taking the brakes off overeating. (genengnews.com)
  • Objective: Altered satiation may impact postprandial symptoms and potentially change food intake in obesity. (elsevier.com)
  • Conclusions: Leptin signaling in VAN is required for appropriate CCK signaling and satiation. (elsevier.com)
  • Leptin gives us satiation. (physicsforums.com)
  • Cells in the lining of the small intestine can sense dietary components such as fats, and stimulate the release of satiation peptides including CCK, which controls how much is eaten, and satiation, by signaling to the nervous system. (genengnews.com)
  • At higher prey densities, two factors were involved: that of higher prey encounter rates and also the attainment of food satiation at a faster rate. (deepdyve.com)
  • Across all prey densities, the feeding rates of fish reached a plateau after satiation. (deepdyve.com)
  • The swimming speed of fish was found to be negatively related to the prey density and a significant change in swimming speed was noted as being directly related to the level of satiation. (deepdyve.com)
  • In this study, we investigated the effect of fasting on olfactory perception in humans, and also assessed perceptual changes during satiation. (bjorl.org.br)
  • At face value, the effect of this apparent satiation conflicts with a large body of literature in memory and learning that repetition should facilitate processing and retrieval, not inhibit it (for a review, see Crowder, 1976/2014 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • Hence, the relative importance of aroma stimuli apart from other stimuli on satiation mechanisms can be investigated. (wur.nl)
  • The biological salience of the food stimuli was manipulated by requiring subjects to fast before the experiment and eat to satiation at fixed time points during scanning. (jneurosci.org)
  • Sensory satiation is probably one of the most important factors in meal termination. (wur.nl)
  • How oro-sensory exposure and eating rate affect satiation and associated endocrine responses-a randomized trial. (bvsalud.org)
  • Consumption of pulses in a high-glycaemic meal contributes to earlier satiation, lower BG following the meal and after a later meal, but these effects are specific to pulse type and cannot be explained by their glycaemic properties alone. (nih.gov)
  • Molkosan__ in modulating glycaemic response and satiation levels in healthy human subjects. (qmu.ac.uk)
  • The 'prebiotic effect' of a lactic acid rich whey fermented product - Molkosan__ in modulating glycaemic response and satiation levels in healthy human subjects. (qmu.ac.uk)
  • Differential brain responses to satiation in obese and lean men. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • As in lean men, satiation in obese men produced significant increases in rCBF in the vicinity of the ventromedial and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and significant decreases in rCBF in the vicinity of the limbic/paralimbic areas (i.e., hippocampal formation, temporal pole), striatum (i.e., caudate, putamen), precuneus, and cerebellum. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • We aimed to determine the independent and simultaneous effects of OSE and ER on satiation and associated endocrine responses. (bvsalud.org)
  • FI (satiation) was measured at the treatment meal (0-20 min) and at an ad libitum pizza meal 4 h later. (nih.gov)
  • As the meal progresses, the circulating hormone levels increase until a "satiation threshold" is reached at the hypothalamus. (wellnessgarage.ca)
  • So, carrying capacity plays a very important role in regulation the satiation factor in the predators. (amrita.edu)
  • However, it is not clear to what extent CCK and GLP-1 increase satiation by stimulating receptors located on abdominal vagal nerve endings or via receptors located elsewhere. (tudelft.nl)
  • This study evaluates the effects of the IP injection of naloxone (0.3, 3 and 30 mg/kg) and naltrexone (0.2, 2 and 20 mg/kg) on the sexual satiation phenomenon. (nih.gov)
  • More often than not, you will feel fully satiated as a few more minutes go by, and your satiation hormones have had their time to work. (wellnessgarage.ca)
  • Identification (I) results: Identification scores were significantly higher during the fasting (median = 14.0) vs. satiation period (median = 13.0). (bjorl.org.br)
  • Satiation significantly reduced the memory advantage for food. (jneurosci.org)
  • Our data show that at liquid feeding, satiation is decreased effectively by pharmacological blockade of CCK1 receptors. (tudelft.nl)
  • To assess participation of peripheral NMDA receptors in postoral satiation signals, we examined the ability of D-CPPene to attenuate reduction of feeding and hindbrain Fos expression following IP CCK administration. (biomedsearch.com)
  • One of the reasons that protein-rich meals have garnered scientific interest is because protein contains amino acids and the amino acids help to provide satiation, reduce cravings, and help to increase dopamine production (dopamine contains amino acids). (healthcentral.com)
  • Satiation: This can be explained with respect to predation rate. (amrita.edu)
  • Hungriness is the driving force for the maximum predation rate, which we refer to here as satiation. (amrita.edu)
  • On average, it takes 20 minutes for these signals to cross the satiation threshold. (wellnessgarage.ca)
  • Another approach is to increase satiation by making use of differences in retro-nasal aroma release profiles. (wur.nl)
  • There were no significant differences between the test breakfasts in immediate satiation. (aappublications.org)
  • This is the first time a satiation hormone has been linked to these three common diseases in women,' commented co-author Professor Marju Orho-Melander from the Department of Clinical Sciences at Lund University. (europa.eu)
  • At fixed time points between individual scans, subjects were asked to eat to satiation while remaining in the scanner. (jneurosci.org)
  • Globally, we find that satiation occurs at $95,000 for life evaluation and $60,000 to $75,000 for emotional well-being. (nih.gov)
  • Researchers in Sweden have discovered that neurotensin, a satiation hormone produced in the human brain and intestine that circulates in the blood, could raise the risk of heart attack, breast cancer and diabetes in women. (europa.eu)
  • Other critical test sessions, not preceded by a satiation procedure, provide a baseline of choice behavior for each monkey. (jneurosci.org)
  • Researchers from the Turku PET Centre and Technical University of Munich have discovered a new mechanism controlling satiation. (utu.fi)
  • Research in humans has shown that eating associated with a palatable diet led to an increase in endocannabinoids-but whether or not endocannabinoids control the release of satiation peptides is yet to be determined," noted Donovan A. Argueta, a doctoral student in DiPatrizio's lab, who is first author of the team's published paper. (genengnews.com)
  • Ethanol intake as a function of concentration during food deprivation and satiation. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Satiation can be regarded as the process that brain barrier, and which influence the brain indir- develops during eating and that eventually brings a ectly via neural inputs following stimulation of period of eating to an end. (yudu.com)
  • however, their effect on satiation is unknown. (nih.gov)
  • The satiation test experience could serve as a base for future lactic acid rich supplementation research. (qmu.ac.uk)
  • The "Sniffin' Sticks" olfactory test was applied after 16 h of fasting, and again at least 1 h after Ramadan supper during periods of satiation. (bjorl.org.br)
  • This signal travels the vagus nerve that communicates to your brain stem, which is where your satiation center exists. (healthshepherds.com)
  • In new research, Joseph Redden, professor of marketing at the University of Minnesota's Carlson School of Management, may have found a cure for your satiation blues. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Subjects were randomized into two groups: (1) an "early satiation" group who ate after four PET scans (i.e., ∼24 min from beginning of scanning, and (2) a "late satiation" group who ate after eight PET scans (i.e., ∼56 min from beginning of scanning). (jneurosci.org)