Infection of the striated muscle of mammals by parasites of the genus SARCOCYSTIS. Disease symptoms such as vomiting, diarrhea, muscle weakness, and paralysis are produced by sarcocystin, a toxin produced by the organism.
A genus of protozoa found in reptiles, birds, and mammals, including humans. This heteroxenous parasite produces muscle cysts in intermediate hosts such as domestic herbivores (cattle, sheep, pigs) and rodents. Final hosts are predators such as dogs, cats, and man.
A genus of large OPOSSUMS in the family Didelphidae, found in the Americas. The species Didelphis virginiana is prominent in North America.
New World marsupials of the family Didelphidae. Opossums are omnivorous, largely nocturnal and arboreal MAMMALS, grow to about three feet in length, including the scaly prehensile tail, and have an abdominal pouch in which the young are carried at birth.
The family Cervidae of 17 genera and 45 species occurring nearly throughout North America, South America, and Eurasia, on most associated continental islands, and in northern Africa. Wild populations of deer have been established through introduction by people in Cuba, New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, and other places where the family does not naturally occur. They are slim, long-legged and best characterized by the presence of antlers. Their habitat is forests, swamps, brush country, deserts, and arctic tundra. They are usually good swimmers; some migrate seasonally. (Walker's Mammals of the World, 5th ed, p1362)
Animals considered to be wild or feral or not adapted for domestic use. It does not include wild animals in zoos for which ANIMALS, ZOO is available.
Inflammation of the interstitial tissue of the kidney. This term is generally used for primary inflammation of KIDNEY TUBULES and/or surrounding interstitium. For primary inflammation of glomerular interstitium, see GLOMERULONEPHRITIS. Infiltration of the inflammatory cells into the interstitial compartment results in EDEMA, increased spaces between the tubules, and tubular renal dysfunction.
A species of parasitic nematode found in the intestine of dogs. Lesions in the brain, liver, eye, kidney, and lung are caused by migrating larvae. In humans, these larvae do not follow normal patterns and may produce visceral larva migrans (LARVA MIGRANS, VISCERAL).
Acute VIRAL CNS INFECTION affecting mammals, including humans. It is caused by RABIES VIRUS and usually spread by contamination with virus-laden saliva of bites inflicted by rabid animals. Important animal vectors include the dog, cat, bat, fox, raccoon, skunk, and wolf.
A genus of ascarid nematodes commonly parasitic in the intestines of cats and dogs.
Large, chiefly nocturnal mammals of the cat family FELIDAE, species Panthera leo. They are found in Africa and southern Asia.
Painful sensation in the muscles.
A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)
An infection with TRICHINELLA. It is caused by eating raw or undercooked meat that is infected with larvae of nematode worms TRICHINELLA genus. All members of the TRICHINELLA genus can infect human in addition to TRICHINELLA SPIRALIS, the traditional etiological agent. It is distributed throughout much of the world and is re-emerging in some parts as a public health hazard and a food safety problem.
Aspects of health and disease related to travel.
Inflammation of a muscle or muscle tissue.
Examination of foods to assure wholesome and clean products free from unsafe microbes or chemical contamination, natural or added deleterious substances, and decomposition during production, processing, packaging, etc.
The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.
An international agreement of the World Medical Association which offers guidelines for conducting experiments using human subjects. It was adopted in 1962 and revised by the 18th World Medical Assembly at Helsinki, Finland in 1964. Subsequent revisions were made in 1975, 1983, 1989, and 1996. (From Encyclopedia of Bioethics, rev ed, 1995)
The edible portions of any animal used for food including domestic mammals (the major ones being cattle, swine, and sheep) along with poultry, fish, shellfish, and game.
Authoritative treatises on drugs and preparations, their description, formulation, analytic composition, physical constants, main chemical properties used in identification, standards for strength, purity, and dosage, chemical tests for determining identity and purity, etc. They are usually published under governmental jurisdiction (e.g., USP, the United States Pharmacopoeia; BP, British Pharmacopoeia; P. Helv., the Swiss Pharmacopoeia). They differ from FORMULARIES in that they are far more complete: formularies tend to be mere listings of formulas and prescriptions.
Articles of food which are derived by a process of manufacture from any portion of carcasses of any animal used for food (e.g., head cheese, sausage, scrapple).
Conferences, conventions or formal meetings usually attended by delegates representing a special field of interest.
A quantitative measure of the frequency on average with which articles in a journal have been cited in a given period of time.
A publication issued at stated, more or less regular, intervals.
"The business or profession of the commercial production and issuance of literature" (Webster's 3d). It includes the publisher, publication processes, editing and editors. Production may be by conventional printing methods or by electronic publishing.
The use of statistical methods in the analysis of a body of literature to reveal the historical development of subject fields and patterns of authorship, publication, and use. Formerly called statistical bibliography. (from The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
The collection, writing, and editing of current interest material on topics related to biomedicine for presentation through the mass media, including newspapers, magazines, radio, or television, usually for a public audience such as health care consumers.
Software used to locate data or information stored in machine-readable form locally or at a distance such as an INTERNET site.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
Proteins that bind to RNA molecules. Included here are RIBONUCLEOPROTEINS and other proteins whose function is to bind specifically to RNA.
The complete genetic complement contained in the DNA of a set of CHROMOSOMES in a HUMAN. The length of the human genome is about 3 billion base pairs.
Immunoglobulin molecules having a specific amino acid sequence by virtue of which they interact only with the ANTIGEN (or a very similar shape) that induced their synthesis in cells of the lymphoid series (especially PLASMA CELLS).
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
An autosomal dominant inherited partial epilepsy syndrome with onset between age 3 and 13 years. Seizures are characterized by PARESTHESIA and tonic or clonic activity of the lower face associated with drooling and dysarthria. In most cases, affected children are neurologically and developmentally normal. (From Epilepsia 1998 39;Suppl 4:S32-S41)
Conclusions derived from the nursing assessment that establish a health status profile for the patient and from which nursing interventions may be ordered.
Computer programs based on knowledge developed from consultation with experts on a problem, and the processing and/or formalizing of this knowledge using these programs in such a manner that the problems may be solved.
Application of computer programs designed to assist the physician in solving a diagnostic problem.
Systematic and thorough inspection of the patient for physical signs of disease or abnormality.
Bovine respiratory disease found in animals that have been shipped or exposed to CATTLE recently transported. The major agent responsible for the disease is MANNHEIMIA HAEMOLYTICA and less commonly, PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA or HAEMOPHILUS SOMNUS. All three agents are normal inhabitants of the bovine nasal pharyngeal mucosa but not the LUNG. They are considered opportunistic pathogens following STRESS, PHYSIOLOGICAL and/or a viral infection. The resulting bacterial fibrinous BRONCHOPNEUMONIA is often fatal.
Large vessels propelled by power or sail used for transportation on rivers, seas, oceans, or other navigable waters. Boats are smaller vessels propelled by oars, paddles, sail, or power; they may or may not have a deck.
Theory and development of COMPUTER SYSTEMS which perform tasks that normally require human intelligence. Such tasks may include speech recognition, LEARNING; VISUAL PERCEPTION; MATHEMATICAL COMPUTING; reasoning, PROBLEM SOLVING, DECISION-MAKING, and translation of language.

An outbreak of acute eosinophilic myositis attributed to human Sarcocystis parasitism. (1/66)

Seven members of a 15-man U.S. military team that had operated in rural Malaysia developed an acute illness consisting of fever, myalgias, bronchospasm, fleeting pruritic rashes, transient lymphadenopathy, and subcutaneous nodules associated with eosinophilia, elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, and elevated levels of muscle creatinine kinase. Sarcocysts of an unidentified Sarcocystis species were found in skeletal muscle biopsies of the index case. Albendazole ameliorated symptoms in the index case; however, his symptoms persisted for more than 5 years. Symptoms in 5 other men were mild to moderate and self-limited, and 1 team member with laboratory abnormalities was asymptomatic. Of 8 team members tested for antibody to Sarcocystis, 6 were positive; of 4 with the eosinophilic myositis syndrome who were tested, all were positive. We attribute this outbreak of eosinophilic myositis to accidental tissue parasitism by Sarcocystis.  (+info)

Improvement of western blot test specificity for detecting equine serum antibodies to Sarcocystis neurona. (2/66)

Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) is a neurological disease of horses and ponies caused by the apicomplexan protozoan parasite Sarcocystis neurona. The purposes of this study were to develop the most stringent criteria possible for a positive test result, to estimate the sensitivity and specificity of the EPM Western blot antibody test, and to assess the ability of bovine antibodies to Sarcocystis cruzi to act as a blocking agent to minimize false-positive results in the western blot test for S. neurona. Sarcocystis neurona merozoites harvested from equine dermal cell culture were heat denatured, and the proteins were separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in a 12-20% linear gradient gel. Separated proteins were electrophoretically transferred to polyvinylidene fluoride membranes and blocked in 1% bovine serum albumin and 0.5% Tween-Tris-buffered saline. Serum samples from 6 horses with S. neurona infections (confirmed by culture from neural tissue) and 57 horses without infections (horses from the Eastern Hemisphere, where S. neurona does not exist) were tested by Western blot. Horses from both groups had reactivity to the 62-, 30-, 16-, 13-, 11-, 10.5-, and 10-kD bands. Testing was repeated with another step. Blots were treated with bovine S. cruzi antibodies prior to loading the equine samples. After this modification of the Western blot test, positive infection status was significantly associated with reactivity to the 30- and 16-kD bands (P<0.001, Fisher's exact test). The S. cruzi antibody-blocked Western blot had a sample sensitivity of 100% and sample specificity of 98%. It is concluded that the specificity of the Western blot test is improved by blocking proteins not specific to S. neurona and using reactivity to the 30- and 16-kD bands as the criterion for a positive test.  (+info)

Sarcocystis sp. from cattle slaughtered in Japan. (3/66)

Sarcocystis sp. was detected from cattle slaughtered in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. The cysts were 3,400-4,400 x 198-238 microm in size and had the thick cyst wall which was 7 to 10 microm thick and provided with finger-like villar protrusions. The protrusions were 8-9.5 x 2-2.5 microm in size and had microtubules in the core.  (+info)

Experimental induction of the two-host life cycle of Sarcocystis cruzi between dogs and Korean native calves. (4/66)

Eight dogs were experimentally infected with Sarcocystis by oral inoculation of cardiac muscle from naturally infected cattle. The infected dogs commenced discharging of sporocysts in the feces after 10 to 12 days of inoculation, and continued until 20 and 35 days after inoculation. Three dogs were reinfected with cardiac muscle from the naturally infected cattle. Sporocysts reappeared in the feces on 12 to 13 days after reinfection. Sarcocystis sporocysts collected from the experimentally infected dogs were fed to each of the two 30-day-old Korean native calves. The infected calves remained clinically normal, except for the high fever (> or = 40 degrees C) and decreased hematocrit values on day 30 to 40 post inoculation. Muscular cysts of Sarcocystis were found from infected calves on day 40 post inoculation. Proliferative forms of Sarcocystis were also observed in the muscle of infected calves. These results suggest that the Sarcocystis cruzi found in Korean native cattle has a 2-host life cycle with dogs as the definitive host and Korean native calves as the intermediate host.  (+info)

Reduced levels of nitric oxide metabolites in cerebrospinal fluid are associated with equine protozoal myeloencephalitis. (5/66)

Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) is a disease of horses that is primarily associated with infection with the apicomplexan Sarcocystis neurona. Infection with this parasite alone is not sufficient to induce the disease, and the mechanism of neuropathogenesis associated with EPM has not been reported. Nitric oxide (NO) functions as a neurotransmitter, a vasodilator, and an immune effector and is produced in response to several parasitic protozoa. The purpose of this work was to determine if the concentration of NO metabolites (NO(x)(-)) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is correlated with the development of EPM. CSF NO(x)(-) levels were measured before and after transport-stressed, acclimated, or dexamethasone-treated horses (n = 3 per group) were experimentally infected with S. neurona sporocysts. CSF NO(x)(-) levels were also compared between horses that were diagnosed with EPM after natural infection with S. neurona and horses that did not have clinical signs of disease or that showed no evidence of infection with the parasite (n = 105). Among the experimentally infected animals, the mean CSF NO(x)(-) levels of the transport-stressed group, which had the most severe clinical signs, was reduced after infection, while these values were found to increase after infection in the remaining groups that had less severe signs of EPM. Under natural conditions, horses with EPM (n = 65) had a lower mean CSF NO(x)(-) concentration than clinically normal horses with antibodies (Abs) against S. neurona (n = 15) in CSF, and horses that developed ataxia (n = 81) had a significantly lower mean CSF NO(x)(-) concentration than horses that did not have neurologic signs (n = 24). In conclusion, lower CSF NO(x)(-) levels were associated with clinical EPM, suggesting that measurement of CSF NO(x)(-) levels could improve the accuracy of diagnostic tests that are based upon detection of S. neurona-specific Abs in CSF alone and that reduced NO levels could be causally related to the development of EPM.  (+info)

Sensitive and specific identification of Neospora caninum infection of cattle based on detection of serum antibodies to recombinant Ncp29. (6/66)

Neosporosis is an economically important disease of dairy cattle caused by the protozoan Neospora caninum. Diagnostic tests for neosporosis are complicated by the potential for cross-reaction of antibodies to antigens that are similar between N. caninum and closely related parasites Toxoplasma gondii and Sarcocystis cruzi. To provide a sensitive and specific assay for detecting antibodies to N. caninum in the serum of infected animals, we have investigated a recombinant form of the antigen known as Ncp29 (rNcp29), which is a major surface protein of the parasite. Ncp29 is encoded by a gene that is homologous to the SAG1 gene previously characterized from T. gondii. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to screen animals for the presence of serum antibodies specific to rNcp29. The rNcp29 ELISA readily distinguished between cattle known to be infected with N. caninum (optical density [OD] > 1.2 at 1:500 or greater dilution) and negative controls (OD < 0.5 at 1:500). Additionally, sera from animals that were infected with T. gondii or S. cruzi were negative. The rNcp29 ELISA developed here provides a specific and sensitive assay for detecting neosporosis in cattle.  (+info)

Pathology of sarcocystis neurona in interferon-gamma gene knockout mice. (7/66)

Pathologic changes were studied in 27 interferon-gamma gene knockout mice 34-54 days after being fed graded doses of Sarcocystis neurona sporocysts derived from a naturally infected opossum. The target tissue for S. neurona infection was the central nervous system. Characteristic histopathologic changes present in all mice consisted of an inflammatory infiltrate consisting of mostly neutrophils and macrophages, fewer eosinophils, and rare multinucleated giant cells. Intralesional protozoa and scattered subacute perivascular cuffs were present. Where the infiltrates were extensive, neuropil rarefaction was frequent. Pathologic changes were much more frequent and severe in the caudal portion of the brain, especially in the cerebellum, than in the middle and cranial portions. Changes were present in all spinal cords examined (10 of 10). Lesions were equally distributed in white and gray matter of the brain and spinal cord and their meningeal linings.  (+info)

Comparison of a serum indirect fluorescent antibody test with two Western blot tests for the diagnosis of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis. (8/66)

A serum indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) was compared with a Western blot (WB) and a modified Western blot (mWB) for diagnosis of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM). Using receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, the area under the curve of the IFAT was greater than the areaunder the curves of the WB and the mWB (P = 0.025 and P = 0.044, respectively). There was no statistically significant difference between the areas under the curves of the WBs (P > 0.05). On the basis of an arbitrarily chosen cut-off titer for a positive test result of 1:80 for the IFAT and interpreting weak positive WB results as positive test results, the sensitivities and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of all 3 tests were identical and equal to 88.9% (51.8-99.7%). The specificities and 95% CIs of the IFAT, WB, and mWB test were 100% (91-100%), 87.2% (72.6-95.7%), and 69.2% (52.4-83%), respectively. The overall accuracy of the IFAT was shown to be better than that of the WBs and, therefore, the test has potential for use in the diagnosis of EPM caused by Sarcocystis neurona.  (+info)

Through 2 international traveler-focused surveillance networks (GeoSentinel and TropNet), we identified and investigated a large outbreak of acute muscular sarcocystosis (AMS), a rarely reported zoonosis caused by a protozoan parasite of the genus Sarcocystis, associated with travel to Tioman Island, Malaysia, during 2011-2012.; Clinicians reporting patients with suspected AMS to GeoSentinel submitted demographic, clinical, itinerary, and exposure data. We defined a probable case as travel to Tioman Island after 1 March 2011, eosinophilia (,5%), clinical or laboratory-supported myositis, and negative trichinellosis serology. Case confirmation required histologic observation of sarcocysts or isolation of Sarcocystis species DNA from muscle biopsy.; Sixty-eight patients met the case definition (62 probable and 6 confirmed). All but 2 resided in Europe; all were tourists and traveled mostly during the summer months. The most frequent symptoms reported were myalgia (100%), fatigue (91%), fever ...
Sarcocystosis is characterized by the invasion of muscles and sometimes other tissues by protozoa of the genus Sarcocystis, of which S. hominis (intermediate host domestic cattle) and S. suihominis (domestic pig) are the most significant to humans, to whom they are transmitted by ingestion of uncooked beef or pork. Humans serve as either intermediate or final host: (1) intermediate host-presence of cysts in muscle is usually asymptomatic, but may cause myositis or myopathy; detected on clinical examination or muscle biopsy; (2) final host-may be asymptomatic or cause fever and gastrointestinal upset; oocysts or sporocysts can be detected in faeces. There is no specific treatment. Prevention is by not eating uncooked meat from any animal....
The Virginia opossum is the definitive host of the organism responsible for causing Sarcocystosis in parrots, primarily Old World species.
Equine protozoal myeloencephaltis is a serious health concern for horse owners. Although more than half of horses infected with this disease will respond to treatment, about 40% do not and eventually die from the deterioration of their central nervous system. Sadly, only one-tenth of infected horses completely recover from the infection. Learning the equine protozoal myeloencephalitis symptoms can help you get treatment for your horse quickly.. Recognizing Symptoms. The equine protozoal myeloencephalitis symptoms can be different in the infected horses because the infection causes lesions to appear in different areas of the brain. Depending on where these lesions show up, the symptoms change. Most of the more common symptoms involve lameness, loss of coordination, changes in the horses gait, and muscle atrophy. Other symptoms can include head tilting, leaning against the stall wall for balance, paralysis of the face, and loss of feeling in the head and neck area. When your horse begins showing ...
A 7-year-old lioness was found in the Nairobi National park in January 1990 paralysed from the neck down. The lioness was destroyed and PM examination revealed congested spleen and lungs, chronic interstitial nephritis and hyaline degeneration of nephrons and the intestinal mucosa covered in thick creamy matter and diffusely infiltrated by lymphocytes. Two roundworms, Toxocara canis and a mass of entangled tapeworms, Taenia gonyami were present in the small intestine. Numerous cysts of Microbesnoitia leoni measuring 22 to 32 by 43 to 88 µm were present in the cardiac and skeletal muscles. Numerous sarcocysts measuring 113 to 114 by 730 to 760 µm were present in skeletal muscles. Negri bodies were present in the cytoplasm of neurones in the caudate nucleus, hippocampus, around the third ventricle in the mesencephalon, pons and medulla oblongata. They were larger and more numerous in the Purkinje cells of the cerebellum than in the hippocampus. A mild lymphocytic meningitis was seen over the ...
Journal of Wildlife Diseases publishes work on infectious, parasitic, toxic, nutritional, physiologic, and neoplastic diseases impacting wild animals.
A serum indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) was compared with a Western blot (WB) and a modified Western blot (mWB) for diagnosis of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM). Using receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, the area under the curve of the IFAT was greater than the area under the curves of the WB and the mWB (P=0.025 and P=0.044, respectively). There was no statistically significant difference between the areas under the curves of the WBs (P,0.05). On the basis of Show moreA serum indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) was compared with a Western blot (WB) and a modified Western blot (mWB) for diagnosis of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM). Using receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analysis, the area under the curve of the IFAT was greater than the area under the curves of the WB and the mWB (P=0.025 and P=0.044, respectively). There was no statistically significant difference between the areas under the curves of the WBs (P,0.05). On the basis of an ...
A free platform for explaining your research in plain language, and managing how you communicate around it - so you can understand how best to increase its impact.
Until the availability of molecular testing, it was almost impossible to definitively identify the causative agent and infection status of an affected horse. If a horse showed signs of neurologic problems, the veterinarian began a process of elimination to determine what was NOT causing the symptoms. Traditional EPM tests were only effective at determining that the horse did not have EPM. If traditional EPM test results were positive, that only definitively revealed that the horse had been exposed in the past to the parasites that cause EPM. Testing could not show whether the horse had an active infection by those parasites. ...
Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA is a global healthcare leader working to help the world be well. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world. The Merck Veterinary Manual was first published in 1955 as a service to the community. The legacy of this great resource continues as the Merck Veterinary Manual in the US and Canada and the MSD Manual outside of North America.. ...
Looking for equine herpesvirus myeloencephalitis? Find out information about equine herpesvirus myeloencephalitis. Inflammation of the brain and spinal cord Explanation of equine herpesvirus myeloencephalitis
Dr. Clara Fenger has been providing us with her technical support for our animal supplement products and product formulations since 1999. She has designed and implemented studies evaluating safety and efficacy of new animal products for FDA approval, solving the life cycle of Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis (EPM) and has published in scientific journals on subjects from exercise physiology to the benefits of animal supplements. Her current practice focuses on performance horse medicine, equine neurologic disease and internal medicine. Integrated into her practice are alternative therapies, including acupuncture, chiropractics and nutritional therapies.. ...
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced May 15 that four horses have died after receiving compounded drug products, containing pyrimethamine and toltrazuril, used to treat equine protozoal myeloencephalitis. The compounds originated at Wickliffe Pharmacy in Lexington, Ky.. Six additional horses have suffered adverse effects, including fever and seizure, from the medication but are now recovering.. One lot of the compound was a paste and one was an oral suspension. The FDA reports that all of the products in the lots are accounted for and are no longer in distribution.. [The] FDA is working with the pharmacy and state partners to investigate these adverse events, stated an FDA release. At this time, FDA testing indicates that one lot of product contained higher levels of pyrimethamine than the labeling indicates. Adverse events associated with high doses of pyrimethamine include seizures, fever and death. Two of the horses were located in Kentucky and eight in Florida.. These ...
Competing Friday in the 53rd annual Abdallah Shrine Rodeo at the Leavenworth County Fairgrounds had extra significance for Paige Boylan.. The 2011 Tonganoxie High School graduate not only competed in her hometown in the barrel-racing event of the Shrine Rodeo for the first time but also its is part of what she is calling a rebuilding year with her teammate: her quarterhorse Queenie.. A year ago, her horse was diagnosed with equine protozoal myeloencephalitis, a condition in which a parasite affects the central nervous system. Three months later, Queenie suffered a bone infection in one of her back legs and lost 200 pounds in the process.. Ive had a big support group throughout my horse being sick and people upping my confidence and my horse getting better, she said. I thought she was done after last year.. But a resilient Queenie has gained back the weight and now weighs nearly 1,100 pounds.. Looking at her today, you would have never known she was sick last year, Boylan said.. Though an ...
The molecular mechanisms of erythrocyte invasion of Plasmodium spp. as a model organism of apicomplexan protozoa]. Apicomplexan protozoonlara model olarak Plasmodium spp.nin eritrosit invazyonunun moleküler temelleri ...
A novel Fasciclin Related Adhesive Protein (FRAP) from Plasmodium and related parasites is provided as a target for therapeutic intervention in diseases caused by the parasites. FRAP has been shown to play a critical role in adhesion to, or invasion into, host cells by the parasite. Furthermore, FRAP catalyzes the neutralization of heme by the parasite, by promoting its polymerization into hemozoin. This invention provides methods and compositions for therapies based on the administration of protein, DNA or cell-based vaccines and/or antibodies based on FRAP, or antigenic epitopes of FRAP, either alone or in combination with other parasite antigens. Methods for the development of compounds that inhibit the catalytic activity of FRAP, and diagnostic and laboratory methods utilizing FRAP are also provided.
Objective - To assess the use of CSF testing with an indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) for diagnosis of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) caused by Sarcocystis neurona. Sample Population - Test results of 428 serum and 355 CSF samples from 182 naturally exposed, experimentally infected, or vaccinated horses. Procedure - EPM was diagnosed on the basis of histologic examination of the CNS. Probability distributions were fitted to serum IFAT results in the EPM+ and EPM- horses, and Show moreObjective - To assess the use of CSF testing with an indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) for diagnosis of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) caused by Sarcocystis neurona. Sample Population - Test results of 428 serum and 355 CSF samples from 182 naturally exposed, experimentally infected, or vaccinated horses. Procedure - EPM was diagnosed on the basis of histologic examination of the CNS. Probability distributions were fitted to serum IFAT results in the EPM+ and EPM- horses, and ...
Sarcocystis are intracellular protozoan parasites that are characterised by their ability to invade muscle tissue and form intramuscular sarcocysts. A muscular sarcocystosis outbreak was reported by travellers returning from Tioman Island in 2011 and 2012 where Sarcocystis nesbitti was identified as the main cause. The source of the S. nesbitti that was involved has remained elusive, although water is hypothesised to be the main cause of transmission. A surveillance study was therefore undertaken in the northern regions of Tioman Island to identify the source of S. nesbitti by screening rivers, water tanks, wells and seawater. Water samples were collected from rivers, water tanks, wells and seawater on Tioman Island over the course of April to October 2015. Water samples were indirectly screened for Sarcocystis species by obtaining sediment from respective water sources. PCR amplification of the 18S rRNA gene region was conducted to identify positive samples. Microscopy was
Sarcocystosis is caused by species of Sarcocystis, an intracellular protozoan parasite in the phylum Apicomplexa. These parasites have an indirect life cycle, cycling between a definitive and an intermediate host. Intestinal infections occur in the definitive host, and tissue invasion is seen in the intermediate host. More than a hundred species of Sarcocystis are parasites of domestic and wild animals. Many of these infections are asymptomatic, particularly in the definitive host. Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis is usually caused by Sarcocystis neurona. Neospora caninum and/or Neospora hughesi, not discussed in this outline, have also been implicated in some cases. Symptomatic infections caused by Sarcocystis species are reported occasionally in other domestic animals. Humans are a definitive host for S. suihominis, found in pork, and S. hominis, found in beef. These parasites infect the intestines. Humans can be intermediate hosts for a variety of other Sarcocystis species. The parasites are found
TY - JOUR. T1 - Sequence analysis and polymerase chain reaction amplification of small subunit ribosomal DNA from Sarcocystis neurona. AU - Marsh, Antoinette E.. AU - Barr, Bradd C.. AU - Madigan, John E. AU - Lakritz, Jeffrey. AU - Conrad, Patricia A. PY - 1996/7. Y1 - 1996/7. N2 - Objectives - To identify Sarcocystis neurona-specific DNA sequences in the nuclear small subunit ribosomal RNA (nss-rRNA) gene that could be used to distinguish S neurona from other closely related protozoal parasites, and to evaluate a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test, using broad based primers and a unique species-specific probe on CSF for detection of S neurona in equids. Procedures - Sequencing of the nuclear small subunit ribosomal RNA gene from a new S neurona isolate (UCD 1) was performed. The sequence was compared with that of other closely related Sarcocystidae parasites. From this sequence, conserved DNA sequence primers were selected and an oligonucleotide probe was designed to hybridize with a unique ...
Sarcocystis neurona is the most common cause of Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis (EPM), affecting 0.5-1% horses in the United States during their lifetimes. The objective of this study was to evaluate the equine immune responses in an experimentally induced Sarcocystis neurona infection model. Neurologic parameters were recorded prior to and throughout the 70-day study by blinded investigators. Recombinant SnSAG1 ELISA for serum and CSF were used to confirm and track disease progression. All experimentally infected horses displayed neurologic signs after infection. Neutrophils, monocytes, and lymphocytes from infected horses displayed significantly delayed apoptosis at some time points. Cell proliferation was significantly increased in S. neurona-infected horses when stimulated nonspecifically with PMA/I but significantly decreased when stimulated with S. neurona compared to controls. Collectively, our results suggest that horses experimentally infected with S. neurona manifest impaired ...
The aim of the study was to diagnose Sarcocystis sp. infections in cattle and to detect coinfections by Toxoplasma gondii and/or Neospora caninum. Blood, diaphragm, esophagus, and myocardium from 90 beef cattle from Argentina were collected. Histopathological, immunohistochemical, polymerase chain reaction assays, and direct microscopical examination were carried out. Sarcocysts from myocardium were measured and counted. Indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) for the three protozoans was performed. Sarcocystis cruzi sarcocysts were found in 100% of myocardium samples. Sarcocysts per gram ranged from 8 to 380 with higher values found in adult cattle (p < 0.001). T. gondii and N. caninum were not detected by immunohistochemistry. T. gondii DNA was found in myocardium of 2/20 seropositive animals, while N. caninum DNA was not found. Antibodies against S. cruzi were detected in all samples, those against N. caninum in 73% and against T. gondii in 91% of the samples (IFAT titer >/=25). It is ...
The present study examined the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Sarcocystis neurona in a population of beavers (Castor canadensis) from Massachusetts. Sixty-two blood samples were collected during the field seasons over 3 consecutive years from different animals. Blood was collected onto filter paper and shipped to the Department of Biomedical Sciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, Virginia, for parasite testing. The samples were tested at dilutions of 1:25. 1:50, and]:100 against each parasite antigen by modified agglutination tests to determine whether antibodies to either parasite were present in the blood. Six of 62 samples (10%) were positive for T. gondii, with 2 samples having titers of 1:25 and 4 having titers of 1:50. Four of 62 samples (6%) were positive for S. neurona, with 2 samples having titers of 1:25 and 2 having titers of 1:50 ...
Following importation in May 2000, one cria was lost in December due to a chill. The flock was initially fed very little with the aim to improve coat fibre and, by January 2001, some animals were in poor body condition and were weak. Two animals died, one from pneumonia and the other had lesions compatible with chronic liver fluke infestation. There was no evidence, at gross post mortem, of TB in either case.. In May 2002, the alpacas were successfully treated for an ectoparasitic skin condition. In June 2002, an alpaca showed signs of pneumonia with weight loss, weakness and a temperature of 40°C. She was treated with antibiotics, but died the following morning without post mortem examination.. In March of 2003, an animal was found recumbent with weight loss and tenesmus, and died a few hours later. Post mortem examination carried out at the Limerick Regional Veterinary Laboratory (LRVL) attributed death to fluke infestation with sarcocystosis also evident. In May 2003, two crias two to ...
Sarcocystis hominis definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Look it up now!
Citation: N/A Interpretive Summary: Sarcocystis neurona is a single-celled parasite of horses. It causes a fatal illness (EPM) in horses in Americans. Its life cycle is not fully known. Opossums are its definitive (reservoir) host. Horses become infected by ingesting the resistant stage of the parasite shed in opossum feces. Scientists at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center have found S. neurona sarcocysts (muscle cysts) in muscles of naturally infecte skunks which could be a source of infection for the opossum. The also describe a new species of Sarcocystis, S. mephitisi in muscles of skunks. These results will be of interest to biologists, horse owners and parasitologists. Technical Abstract: Two structurally distinct types (A, B) of microscopic sarcocysts were found in muscles of 4 of 5 feral skunks. Type A sarcocysts had up to 6 m thick sarcocyst wall. The villar protrusions (Vp) on the sarcocyst wall were up to 5 m long. The Vp were constricted at the base, expanded in the middle, ...
Citation: N/A Interpretive Summary: Sarcocystis neurona and Toxoplasma gondii are single celled parasites of animals. The former is transmitted via infected feces of opossums and the latter by cats. Both parasites are widely distributed in the Americas. Scientists at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center and Virginia Tech; Blacksburg report dual infection by these parasites causing encephalitis in a sea otter. Results indicate contamination of sea water by these organisms. The results will be of use to parasitologists, veterinarians and wildlife biologists. Technical Abstract: Dual Sarcocystis neurona and Toxoplasma gondii infection was observed in a Northern sea otter from Washington, USA. The animal was found stranded, convulsed, and died shortly thereafter. Encephalitis caused by both S. neurona and T. gondii was demonstrated in histological sections of brain stained with parasite specific antisera. The lesions induced by T. gondii suggested that the sea otter was suffering from ...
The effect of temperature and relative humidity (RH) on the survival of sporocysts of S. cruzi were investigated in vitro. Under all experimental conditions (temperature of 4°C, 37°C or room temperature; RH of 18%, 75%, or 100%) some sporozoites retained their viability to excyst for at least 90 days. The best conditions for survival were 4°C at 100% RH (more than 240 days) and 37°C at 18% RH (more than 180 days). Sporocysts maintained at room temperature at all humidities had the lowest level of survival. It is concluded that sporocysts of S. cruzi are able to survive in most environments for several months and that the fluctuation of the daily ambient temperature is likely to influence the viability of the sporocysts.. ...
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In fact, when researchers tested 35 commercial frozen foods from eight different brands in the Netherlands, eight products (23 per cent) were found to have E. coli present, 15 had Listeria (43 per cent) and seven products had salmonella (20 per cent).. As well, four products (11 per cent) also contained the parasite Sarcocystis cruzi, while another four was found to have Sarcocystis tenella. Lastly, researchers found two products (six per cent) with Taxoplasma gondii.. This is important, researchers say, because the bacteria and parasitic pathogens found in the food may increase the risk for infection in pets, which has the potential to be harmful to humans due to the possibility of transmission.. Cats and dogs that eat raw meat diets are also more likely to become infected with antibiotic-resistant bacteria than animals on conventional diets, which could pose a serious risk to both animal health and public health, Paul Overgaauw, one of the authors of the study, said to The ...
In fact, when researchers tested 35 commercial frozen foods from eight different brands in the Netherlands, eight products (23 per cent) were found to have E. coli present, 15 had Listeria (43 per cent) and seven products had salmonella (20 per cent).. As well, four products (11 per cent) also contained the parasite Sarcocystis cruzi, while another four was found to have Sarcocystis tenella. Lastly, researchers found two products (six per cent) with Taxoplasma gondii.. This is important, researchers say, because the bacteria and parasitic pathogens found in the food may increase the risk for infection in pets, which has the potential to be harmful to humans due to the possibility of transmission.. Cats and dogs that eat raw meat diets are also more likely to become infected with antibiotic-resistant bacteria than animals on conventional diets, which could pose a serious risk to both animal health and public health, Paul Overgaauw, one of the authors of the study, said to The ...
Neuronas - Neurona, Sinapsis, Axon, Santiago Ramon y Cajal, Dendrita, Potencial de Accion, Sinaptogenesis, Neurogenesis, Doctrina de La Neurona (Spanish, Paperback) / Author: Fuente Wikipedia ; 9781231559772 ; Books
Sarcosporidiosis is a disease that occurs worldwide in many animals and human beings as a result of oral infections with developmental stages of several Sarcocystis species, the life cycle of which includes two types of hosts: a prey and a predator
Introduction Neospora caninum is an important cause of abortion in cattle worldwide. Dogs (feral and ... been isolated from swine, domestic or wild.
Oksidopamin (6-hidroksidopamin, 6-OHDA, 2,4,5-trihidroksifenetilamin) je neurotoksično sintetičko organsko jedinjenje koje se naučnim istraživanjima za selektivno uništavanje dopaminergičkih i noradrenergičkih neurona u mozgu. Smatra se 6-OHDA unose u neurone dopaminski i noradrenalinskih monoaminski transporteri.. Glavni oblik primene oksidopamina u istraživanjima je kao sredstvo za indukovanje Parkinsonizma kod laboratorijskih životinja kao što su miševi, pacovi i majmuni, koji se zatim koriste u razvoju i testiranju novih lekova i tretmana za Parkinsonovu bolest. Da bi se indukovolo ovo oboljenje kod životinja, oko 70% dopaminergičkih neurona u substantia nigra mozga mora biti uništeno. Osim oksidopamina može se koristiti MPTP. Ova agensa deluju putem formiranja reaktivnih oblika kiseonika kao što je radikal superoksida.[4]. ...
A new mechanism of storing patterns of previous neuronal activity: back-propagating action potentials activate voltage-gated Ca2+ channels (VGCCs) and ryanodine
Sarcosporidiosis (Sarcocystis infection) is caused by an intracellular protozoan parasite that predominantly affects animals. It can rarely be found in human skeletal and cardiac muscle when humans are the intermediate or accidental host. Humans can also serve as the definitive host for this parasite after ingesting the cysts in raw or undercooked beef or pork. ...
es una sustancia química cuya principal función es la transmisión de información de una neurona a otra a travesando aquel espacio denominado como sináptico que separa dos neuronas ...
Vazopresini su peptidi koji sadrže devet aminokiselina (nonapeptidi). Aminokiselinska sekvenca arginin vasopresina je: Cys-Tyr-Phe-Gln-Asn-Cys-Pro-Arg-Gly. Cisteinski ostaci formiraju disulfidni most. Lizin vazopresin ima lizin umesto arginina. Struktura oksitocina je veoma slična sa vazopresinom. On je takođe nonapeptid sa disulfidnim mostom i njegova aminokiselinska sekvenca se razlikuje samo u dve pozicije. Geni ova dva proteina se nalaze na istom hromozomu razdvojeni relativno malom distancom od manje od 15,000 baza kod većine vrsta. Neuroni koji stvaraju vazopresin se nalaze pored neurona koji stvaraju oksitocin, i slični su u više pogleda. Sličnost ova dva peptida može da uzrokuje neke kros-reakcije: oksitocin ima neznatno antidiuretsko dejstvo, i visoki AVP nivoi mogu da uzrokuju materične kontrakcije.[2][3] Sledeća tabela sadrži familiju vazopresinskih i oksitocinskih neuropeptida: ...
Danas je razumijevanje patofizioloških mehanizama delirija još uvijek ograničeno, ali postoji više obećavajućih hipoteza. Smatra se da biomarkeri osjetljivi na smrt neurona ili glija stanica dobro ukazuju na delirij. Za više...
Malaria, African trypanosomiasis, theileriosis, babesiosis and coccidiosis are of great public health and/or economic importance in eastern Africa. Leishmaniasis is an increasing problem in this area and other protozoal diseases which are found among human and/or livestock populations include toxoplasmosis, trichomoniasis, amoebiasis, giardiasis, sarcocystosis, Balantidium coli infection and histomoniasis. Control of the vector-borne parasitic protozoan diseases has been based mainly on the use of pesticides with their attendant, adverse effects on the environment. The paper describes the public health and economic problems posed by the main protozoan diseases in eastern Africa and discusses their control, stressing the importance of environmental considerations when planning control measures. Further, a consideration of the public health impact of these diseases when drawing up, and during implementation of, major agricultural, hydro-electric or irrigation schemes, is emphasized. The possible ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Differentiation of Neospora hughesi from Neospora caninum based on their immunodominant surface antigen, SAG1 and SRS2. AU - Marsh, A. E.. AU - Howe, D. K.. AU - Wang, G.. AU - Barr, B. C.. AU - Cannon, N.. AU - Conrad, Patricia A. PY - 1999. Y1 - 1999. N2 - Neospora hughesi is a newly recognised parasite that is closely related to Neospora caninum, and is a cause of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis. We have characterised two N. hughesi immunodominant tachyzoite antigens which exhibit antigenic and molecular differences from the homologous tachyzoite antigens on N. caninum. These antigens on N. hughesi are referred to as NhSAG1 and NhSRS2, using the same mnemonics as used for the N. caninum antigens (NcSAG1 and NcSRS2), and are homologous to Toxoplasma gondii surface antigen 1 (SAG1) and SAG1-related sequence 2 (SRS2). The NcSAG1 and NcSRS2 were antigenically conserved in six different N. caninum isolates from cattle and dogs. The two equine-derived Neospora isolates, one ...
Dubey, JP, Saville, WJA, Stanek, JF, Lindsay, DS, Rosenthal, BM, Oglesbee, MJ, Rosypal, AC, Njoku, CJ, Stich, RW, Kwok, OCH, Shen, SK, Hamir, AN, Reed, SM. Sarcocystis neurona infections in raccoons (Procyon lotor): Evidence for natural infection with sarcocysts, transmission of infection to opossums (Didelphus virginiana), and experimental induction of neurologic disease in raccoons. Vet Parasitol, 2001; 100(3-4): 117 - 129 ...
In this present study, experimental infestations of the definitive hosts of cattle Sarcocystis were realized to identify the species existing in our regions. For that pur..
An adult female sea otter housed for 5 years in an outdoor habitat in an aquarium developed signs of neurologic disease. Bilateral caudal paresis was evident initially and other neurologic signs consistent with CNS disease developed rapidly. Diagnostic work-up included CBC, serum biochemical analyses, determination of serum antibody titers, radiography of the vertebral column, CSF analysis, muscle biopsy, computed tomography of the brain, and assays for mercury, lead, and thiamine. A tentative diagnosis of encephalitis caused by a Sarcocystis neurona-like organism was made on the basis of detection of CSF antibodies by use of Western blot analysis. Response to treatment was not satisfactory and the sea otter was euthanatized. Immunohistochemical staining revealed S neurona-like organisms within foci of inflammation in the brain and spinal cord. This report provides evidence that, for sea otters, there may be a mode of transmission of an S neurona-like organism that does not involve ...
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Rejmanek, D., Miller, M., Grigg, M., Crosbie, P., & Conrad, P. (2010). Molecular characterization of Sarcocystis neurona strains from opossums (Didelphis virginiana) and several intermediate hosts from Central California. Veterinary Parasitology. 170(1-2), 20-9 ...
Maureen Long is a PeerJ user. Bio: Our laboratory investigates primarily vector-borne pathogens that affect humans and animals. Research interests include several equine and large animal infectious diseases with emphasis currently on mosquito borne flaviviruses and alphaviruses. Other pathogens currently under investigation include the human pathogens Dengue virus and recently Zika virus. We are interested primarily in using an -omics approach to determine why certain animals/people actually develop diseases while others do not. We have studied WNV in horses and birds and performed surveillance in horses and people for several mosquito-borne viruses. We have just complete work using a transcriptomic approach to comparing viral infection of the brain (West Nile virus) to protozoal infection of the brain (Sarcocystis neurona) in the horse. We have an area of investigation in the mosquito borne disease of dogs, Dirofilaria immitis, which causes heartworm. We have a large collection of reference materials
Hi, Yes, its possible your Western Blot (WB) test was a false-positive, particularly if this was your only HIV test! WB tests should only be run as a confirmatory test after someone has a...
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A $1.86 million grant from the National Science Foundation - National Institutes of Health Ecology of Infectious Disease Grant Program will expand the investigations of a UC Davis-led research team tracking how a deadly parasite moves from land to sea to infect and kill sea otters (Enhydra lutris nereis) in California. Weve already identified the single-celled parasite, Toxoplasma gondii, that causes high rates of mortality in threatened southern sea otters, says Patricia Conrad, professor of parasitology at the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine. Conrad, the principal investigator, says, Toxoplasma infections are killing southern sea otters and are one of several factors reducing the potential for sea otter population recovery. Sea otters do not prey on known intermediate hosts for T. gondii, says Conrad, so the most likely source of infection is highly infectious, egg-like oocysts shed in the feces of cats and transported via freshwater runoff into the marine ecosystem. Toxoplasma ...
Journal of Wildlife Diseases publishes work on infectious, parasitic, toxic, nutritional, physiologic, and neoplastic diseases impacting wild animals.
Opens the Highlight Feature Bar and highlights feature annotations from the FEATURES table of the record. The Highlight Feature Bar can be used to navigate to and highlight other features and provides links to display the highlighted region separately. Links in the FEATURES table will also highlight the corresponding region of the sequence. More... ...
Opens the Highlight Feature Bar and highlights feature annotations from the FEATURES table of the record. The Highlight Feature Bar can be used to navigate to and highlight other features and provides links to display the highlighted region separately. Links in the FEATURES table will also highlight the corresponding region of the sequence. More... ...
The dynamic embryo improvement through the early phases of gestation requires exact molecular adjustments, together with proteomic ones. We aimed to seek out distinctive proteins for porcine conceptuses particularly through the peri-implantation interval, i.e. on days 15-16 of being pregnant. The proteomic profile of those conceptuses was in contrast with conceptuses at an earlier.... ...
I went through a divorce in Fall of 2011 and had learned that my spouse was quite sexually active outside the marriage. I wanted to get verification of my sexual health status before beginning to date,...
Pandemic scenarios like the present Corona outbreak present the vulnerability of each globalized markets and just-in-time manufacturing processes for pressing medical gear. Even often low cost personal protection gear turns into excessively costly or will not be deliverable in any respect. To keep away from harmful conditions particularly to medical professionals, but in addition to …. Evaluation and discussion of handmade face-masks and commercial diving-equipment as personal protection in pandemic scenarios Read More ». ...
Investigadores taiwaneses han dotado de códigos de barras a 16,000 neuronas de la mosca de la fruta (de un total de 100,000), permitiendo extraer algunas conclusiones: I) Los hallazgos neuronales son similares a los diseños de muchas computadoras actuales :41 unidades de procesamiento local (agregados de neuronas unidas por tractos neurales). 59 tractos conectan las unidades de procesamiento local con otras partes del cerebro, destacando 6 grandes centrales. Los 2 hemisferios exhiben copiosos cruces. La mosca comparte con los humanos 6 neurotrasmisores. II) El equipo taiwanés liderado por Ann-Shyn Chiang ha desarrollado técnicas especiales : cuando un gene es expresado, una proteína fluorescente verde difunde por todas las partes de la neurona definiendo su estructura en detalle. III) Los cerebros de hembras y machos tienen diferente tamaño IV) Cada neurona ha sido dotada de un código de barras con coordenadas que permiten ubicarlas pudiéndose además determinar el tipo de neurotrasmisor ...
DYNLRB1 is essential for dynein mediated transport and neuronal survival: • Depletion of DYNLRB1 impairs neurite outgrowth in sensory neurons. • Complete knocko
Calloway is a southern sea otter, a threatened species found along the central coast of California. When Calloway was rescued, she was malnourished from being separated from her mother too soon. The Center, along with support from our partners, nursed Calloway back to health.. Thanks to dedicated recovery efforts, sea otters seem to be making a comeback in recent years. The Center is an important partner in recovery efforts, providing a critical space for rehabilitation of sick and injured sea otters.. This very special adoption package includes an extra-large 31 plush sea otter. This plush sea otter is larger than Calloway was when she was rescued! This is the perfect gift for the animal lover in your life!. Adopt Calloway and make a real difference for a threatened species.. Adoption Details ...
Calloway is a southern sea otter, a threatened species found along the central coast of California. When Calloway was rescued, she was malnourished from being separated from her mother too soon. The Center, along with support from our partners, nursed Calloway back to health.. Thanks to dedicated recovery efforts, sea otters seem to be making a comeback in recent years. The Center is an important partner in recovery efforts, providing a critical space for rehabilitation of sick and injured sea otters.. This very special adoption package includes an extra-large 31 plush sea otter. This plush sea otter is larger than Calloway was when she was rescued! This is the perfect gift for the animal lover in your life!. Adopt Calloway and make a real difference for a threatened species.. Adoption Details ...
The Pediatric infectious disease journal; VOL: 18 (2); p. 127-33 Fawzi WW; Mbise RL; Hertzmark E; Fataki MR; Herrera MG; Ndossi G; Spiegelman D. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether vitamin A supplements result in reduced mortality among HIV-infected and uninfected children. DESIGN: Randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial. METHODS: Starting in April, 1993, we randomized 687 children age 6 months to 5 years who were admitted to the hospital with pneumonia. Children who were severely malnourished or had clinical signs of vitamin A deficiency were excluded. At baseline children received placebo or 400 000 IU (or half that for infants) of vitamin A, in addition to standard treatment for pneumonia. They received further doses of the same regimen 4 and 8 months after hospital discharge. Sera from children were tested for HIV antibodies by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western blot tests. For positive children ,15 months of age, HIV infection was confirmed by amplified heat-denatured ...
Not sure what it means. Those are all HIV envelop antigens. There is not alot of data looking at people in your situation, with long term infection, where we have done followup western blot tests....
Noradrenalina (norepinefrina ere deitua) giltzurrungaineko guruinek jariatutako hormona da, C8H11NO3 formula duena. Katekolamina bat da, hots, katekol eta amino taldeak dituen molekula bat. Katekolamina guztien antzera tirosina aminoazidotik eratorria da. Bere egitura kimikoak antza handia du adrenalinarekin, baina horren aldean metilo taldea falta zaio. Halaber, adrenalinaren molekula aitzindaria da. Hormona izateaz gain noradrenalina ere neurotransmisorea da, hots, neuronen arteko eta neurona bat eta beste zelula baten arteko mezu elektrikoen transmititzailea. ...
Eritropoietin (eritropoetin, hemopoietin, EPO) je glikoproteinski hormon koji kontroliše eritropoiezu, produkciju crvenih krvnih zrnaca. On je citokin (proteinski signalni molekul) za prekursore eritrocita u koštanoj srži. Ljudski EPO ima molekulsku težinu od 34,000. Eritropoietin proizvode interstinalni fibroblasti u bubrezima zajedno sa peritubularnim kapilarima i tubularnim epitelnim ćelijama. On se takođe formira u perisinusoidnim ćelijama u jetri. Dok je produkcija u jetri predominantna u fetalnom i perinatalnom periodu, renalna produkcija je predominantna kod odraslih osoba. Eritropoietin je hormon koji prvenstveno reguliše produkciju crvenih krvnih zrnaca, ali ima i niz drugih bioloških funkcija. Na primer on učestvuje u moždanom odgovoru na povredu neurona.[1] EPO takođe učestvuje u procesu zarastanja rana.[2] ...
Biosintesia, neurotransmisore ororena bezala, neurona baten barnean gertatuko da. Azetilkolinaren biosintesiak serina aminoazido prekurtsorean du hasiera. Aminoazido hau serina deskarboxilasa entzimak deskarboxilatu egiten du amino etanola emanez. N-metiltransferasa entzimak azken honi hiru metil talde sartzen dizkio kolina sintetizatuz. Azkenik, kolinaren azetilazioa burutzen du kolina azetiltransferasak azetilkolina lortzeko. ...
Dok se leptin i grelin proizvode periferno, svojim delovanjem na centralni nervni sistem kontrolišu apetit. Oni konkretno, kao i drugi hormoni koji su vezani za apetit deluju na hipotalamus, područje mozga koje je od suštinske važnosti za regulisanje unosa hrane i trošenja energije. Postoji nekoliko krugova u okviru hipotalamusa koji doprinose njegovoj ulozi u integrisanju apetita, putanja melanokortina je jedna od najbolje shvaćenih.[129] Krug počinje sa područjem hipotalamusa, arkuatnim jezgrom, koje vodi do lateralnog hipotalamusa (LH) i ventromedijalnog hipotalamusa (VMH), centara mozga za glad i sitost.[131] Arkuatno jezgro sadrži dve različite grupe neurona.[129] Prva grupa svrstava zajednoneuropeptid Y (NPY) i peptid vezan za aguti (AgRP) i ima stimulativni uticaj na LH i inhibitorni uticaj na VMH. Druga grupa grupa svrstava zajedno pro-opiomelanokortin (POMC) i transkript koji reguliše kokain i amfetamin (CART) i ima stimulativni uticaj na VMH , a inhibitorni na LH. Shodno ...
Klinik Kesihatan Tekek, Pulau Tioman... Jam lebih kurang 1030hrs, seorang bayi perempuan seberat 9kg, yang diletakkan di atas lantai dapur. Sewaktu kejadian, mak bayi tersebut meninggalkannya untuk mengambil sesuatu. Tiba-tiba terdengar bunyi bising di dapur diikuti suara bayi menangis dengan kuat dan tidak seperti biasa. Terasa tidak sedap hati, maknya terus berlari ke dapur dan…
The goal of our program is to develop each residents judgment and skills to provide the highest quality medical care. We train residents as academic internists and provide the foundation for the practice of internal medicine or for subsequent clinical and research training in medical subspecialties. Residents are exposed to a wide array of patients in various inpatient and outpatient settings, including different units within the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, and West Roxbury Veterans Affairs Medical Center.
Wong KT, Pathmanathan R (1992). "High prevalence of human skeletal muscle sarcocystosis in south-east Asia". Trans. R. Soc. ... 46: 231-203 Markus, MB; Van Der Lugt, JJ; Dubey, JP (2004). Sarcocystosis. Chapter 20 in: Infectious Diseases of Livestock (eds ... La Perle KM, Silveria F, Anderson DE, Blomme EA (1999). "Dalmeny disease in an alpaca (Lama pacos): sarcocystosis, eosinophilic ... Typical clinical signs of acute bovine sarcocystosis are: anorexia, pyrexia (42°C or more), anemia, cachexia, enlarged palpable ...
"Contribution to the serological diagnosis of sarcocystosis". Folia Parasitol. 25 (4): 289-92. PMID 105972. Votýpka J, Hypsa V, ...
Binky died in 1995 from sarcocystosis, a parasitic disease. Binky was found orphaned near Cape Beaufort, on Alaska's North ... In 1995, Binky's cagemate Nuka suddenly became sick with the parasitic disease sarcocystosis, dying from associated liver ...
ISBN 978-92-5-103969-4. Mohammad, Mohammad Hadi (2012). "Prevalence of Bovine Sarcocystosis in Babylon province (مجلة الكوفة ...
... negligible rates of zoonotic sarcocystosis occur in feral swine that, by contrast, frequently harbour infections with ...
... appointment at the Institute of Medical and Veterinary Science in Adelaide where he undertook research on ovine sarcocystosis. ...
... sarcocystosis and mycobateriosis as well as some forms of viral infection, to which immature hawks especially, as they often ...
... sarcocystosis MeSH C03.752.250.800 - toxoplasmosis MeSH C03.752.250.800.110 - toxoplasmosis, animal MeSH C03.752.250.800.250 - ...
Sarcocystosis Sarcocystis bovihominis,Sarcocystis suihominis intestine, muscle muscle biopsy widespread ingestion of uncooked/ ...
Sarcocystosis. *Sarcosporidiosis. *(A07.9) Protozoal intestinal disease, unspecified. *(A08.) Viral and other specified ...
Education and information about Sarcocystosis, including frequently asked questions, biology and life cycle information and ... Sarcocystosis occurs in tropical or subtropical countries. Muscular sarcocystosis has most often been reported from countries ... Sarcocystosis is a disease caused by a microscopic parasite Sarcocystis. In humans, two types of the disease can occur, one ...
The Virginia opossum is the definitive host of the organism responsible for causing Sarcocystosis in parrots, primarily Old ... Forms of Sarcocystosis. Clinically, there are five different forms of sarcocystosis. The form that causes startling problems in ... Disease from Sarcocystosis. Lets now go through exactly how this parasite gets into a susceptible bird and what it does once ... Myocardial (heart muscle) sarcocystosis may be an incidental finding or it can cause inflammation of the heart muscle. This is ...
Muscular sarcocystosis should be considered in people presenting with myalgia, with or without fever, and a history of travel ... CDC website: www.cdc.gov/parasites/sarcocystosis/index.html. BIBLIOGRAPHY. *Dubey JP, van Wilpe E, Calero-Bernal R, Verma SK, ... Intestinal sarcocystosis should be considered in patients with gastroenteritis and a history of eating raw or undercooked meat ... Muscular sarcocystosis can be prevented with standard food and water precautions (see Chapter 2, Food & Water Precautions). ...
... R. B. Duncan, J. H. Fox, D. S. Lindsay, J. P. Dubey, M. E. ... R. B. Duncan, J. H. Fox, D. S. Lindsay, J. P. Dubey, and M. E. Zuccaro "Acute Sarcocystosis in a Captive White-tailed Deer in ... R. B. Duncan, J. H. Fox, D. S. Lindsay, J. P. Dubey, M. E. Zuccaro "Acute Sarcocystosis in a Captive White-tailed Deer in ... This is the first confirmed report of acute sarcocystosis in a wild ruminant. ...
Principal Investigator:ONO Kenichiro, Project Period (FY):1992 - 1993, Research Category:Grant-in-Aid for General Scientific Research (B), Research Field:Applied veterinary science
Caspari, K; Grimm, F; Kühn, N; Caspari, N C; Basso, W (2011). First report of naturally acquired clinical sarcocystosis in a ... To our knowledge, this the first report of fatal acute sarcocystosis after natural infection in a pig breeding herd. ... To our knowledge, this the first report of fatal acute sarcocystosis after natural infection in a pig breeding herd. ... Download PDF First report of naturally acquired clinical sarcocystosis in a pig breeding stock. Item availability may be ...
Sarcocystosis is characterized by the invasion of muscles and sometimes other tissues by protozoa of the genus Sarcocystis, of ... Sarcocystosis (sarcosporidiosis) Sarcocystosis (sarcosporidiosis). Chapter:. Sarcocystosis (sarcosporidiosis). Author(s):. John ... Sarcocystosis is characterized by the invasion of muscles and sometimes other tissues by protozoa of the genus Sarcocystis, of ...
... may sound if these animals ingest opossum feces they are at high risk of contracting a deadly disease known as sarcocystosis. ...
... muscular sarcocystosis) in cattle.. Together they form a unique fingerprint. * Sarcocystosis Medicine & Life Sciences ... Type-I hypersensitivity as a component of eosinophilic myositis (muscular sarcocystosis) in cattle. American Journal of ... Type-I hypersensitivity as a component of eosinophilic myositis (muscular sarcocystosis) in cattle. / Granstrom, D. E.; Ridley ... title = "Type-I hypersensitivity as a component of eosinophilic myositis (muscular sarcocystosis) in cattle.", ...
A 7-year-old lioness was found in the Nairobi National park in January 1990 paralysed from the neck down. The lioness was destroyed and PM examination revealed congested spleen and lungs, chronic interstitial nephritis and hyaline degeneration of nephrons and the intestinal mucosa covered in thick creamy matter and diffusely infiltrated by lymphocytes. Two roundworms, Toxocara canis and a mass of entangled tapeworms, Taenia gonyami were present in the small intestine. Numerous cysts of Microbesnoitia leoni measuring 22 to 32 by 43 to 88 µm were present in the cardiac and skeletal muscles. Numerous sarcocysts measuring 113 to 114 by 730 to 760 µm were present in skeletal muscles. Negri bodies were present in the cytoplasm of neurones in the caudate nucleus, hippocampus, around the third ventricle in the mesencephalon, pons and medulla oblongata. They were larger and more numerous in the Purkinje cells of the cerebellum than in the hippocampus. A mild lymphocytic meningitis was seen over the ...
Sarcocystosis among Wild Captive and Zoo Animals in Malaysia Baha LATIF; Subramaniam VELLAYAN; Effat OMAR; Suliman ABDULLAH; ... Full text: Available Index: WPRIM (Western Pacific) Main subject: Sarcocystis / Sarcocystosis / Muscle, Skeletal / Cell Size / ... Sarcocystosis among Wild Captive and Zoo Animals in Malaysia ...
Merck & Co., Inc., Kenilworth, NJ, USA is a global healthcare leader working to help the world be well. From developing new therapies that treat and prevent disease to helping people in need, we are committed to improving health and well-being around the world. The Merck Veterinary Manual was first published in 1955 as a service to the community. The legacy of this great resource continues as the Merck Veterinary Manual in the US and Canada and the MSD Manual outside of North America.. ...
Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Sarcocystis / Sarcocystosis / Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic Type of study: Case report ... Index: LILACS (Americas) Main subject: Sarcocystis / Sarcocystosis / Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic Type of study: Case report ... Cattle , Dogs , Animals , Male , Female , Intestinal Diseases, Parasitic/veterinary , Sarcocystis/pathogenicity , Sarcocystosis ...
Serologic diagnosis of sarcocystosis in psittacine birds: 16 cases. Carolyn Cray, Karen Zielezienski-Roberts, Michael Bonda, ... Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of Serologic diagnosis of sarcocystosis in psittacine birds: 16 cases. Together ...
... and Tioman Island Sarcocystosis Investigation Team, . (2014) Acute muscular sarcocystosis : an international investigation ... Acute muscular sarcocystosis : an international investigation among ill travelers returning from tioman island, malaysia, 2011- ... we identified and investigated a large outbreak of acute muscular sarcocystosis (AMS), a rarely reported zoonosis caused by a ...
Wong KT, Pathmanathan R (1992). "High prevalence of human skeletal muscle sarcocystosis in south-east Asia". Trans. R. Soc. ... 46: 231-203 Markus, MB; Van Der Lugt, JJ; Dubey, JP (2004). Sarcocystosis. Chapter 20 in: Infectious Diseases of Livestock (eds ... La Perle KM, Silveria F, Anderson DE, Blomme EA (1999). "Dalmeny disease in an alpaca (Lama pacos): sarcocystosis, eosinophilic ... Typical clinical signs of acute bovine sarcocystosis are: anorexia, pyrexia (42°C or more), anemia, cachexia, enlarged palpable ...
Including "Sarcocystosis/Sarcosporidiosis".. Post-mortem:. *Presence of small irregularly distributed yellowish-green or ...
Sarcocystosis and Malassezia sp. infections in an immunodeficient rhesus macaque A case report, by P. Hofmann, H. Gilhaus, N. ...
Acute Sarcocystosis in a Captive White-tailed Deer in Virginia R. B. Duncan, J. H. Fox, D. S. Lindsay, J. P. Dubey, M. E. ... KEYWORDS: case report, Odocoileus virginianus, pneumonia, Sarcocystis spp., sarcocystosis, schizonts, white-tailed deer. ... This is the first confirmed report of acute sarcocystosis in a wild ruminant. ...
Diseases associated with RBFOX2 include Sarcocystosis and Human Herpesvirus 8. Among its related pathways are Signaling by ...
Singla LD, Juyal PD (2014). Sarcocystosis. In: Zoonosis: Parasitic and Mycotic Diseases, Garg SR (Ed), Daya Publishing House, ...
Sarcocystosis is a zoonotic infection that causes intestinal and muscular illnesses in humans. Sarcocystosis was until recently ... Diagnosis of bovine sarcocystosis by immunoflourescent antibody technique.. [So] Source:. J Parasit Dis;41(3):795-798, 2017 Sep ... resulting in the markedly different clinical picture of muscular sarcocystosis. Most documented cases of muscular sarcocystosis ... Studies on sarcocystosis showed an overall sero-prevalence of 79.46% by IFAT which included 80.14% in cattle and 78.59% in ...
See also sarcocystosis.. Sarcocystis boviho´minis a species for which cattle are the specific intermediate hosts and humans the ... The effects of their intermediate stages are manifested as the disease sarcocystosis. ... it causes intestinal sarcocystosis in humans. It was formerly considered to form a single species with S. bovihominis, called S ... definitive hosts; it causes intestinal sarcocystosis in humans. It was formerly considered to be combined with S. suihominis in ...
Dubey, J. P. & Lindsay, D. S. Neosporosis, toxoplasmosis, and sarcocystosis in ruminants. The Veterinary clinics of North ... Reissig, E. C., Moré, G., Massone, A. & Uzal, F. A. Sarcocystosis in wild red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Patagonia, Argentina. ... The protozoan parasite Sarcocystis is known to cause sarcocystosis and sarcosporidiosis in its intermediate and definitive ...
Sarcocystosis of Animals and Humans, Second Edition. De (autor) J. P. Dubey et al. ...
Sarcocystosis of Sarcocystis felis in cats. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology, 36, 1071-1079PubMedGoogle Scholar ... The extent of the incidence of sarcocystosis in cattle and pig farms. Veterinary Medicine, 31, 521-530Google Scholar ... Sarcocystosis of animals and man, 1st ed., CRC Press, Boca RatonGoogle Scholar ...
Coccidiosis (Cryptosporidiosis, Isosporiasis, Cyclosporiasis, Sarcocystosis) & Microsporidiosis. --Giardiasis. --Other ...
"Contribution to the serological diagnosis of sarcocystosis". Folia Parasitol. 25 (4): 289-92. PMID 105972. Votýpka J, Hypsa V, ...
Technical Abstract: The case of neurological sarcocystosis in a nine months old bull calf that died in 1982 was restudied. The ... Title: Pathology, immunohistochemistry, and ultrastructural findings associated with neurological sarcocystosis in cattle ... Pathology, immunohistochemistry, and ultrastructural findings associated with neurological sarcocystosis in cattle. Veterinary ...
Chikungunya, dengue, Zika, Ross River virus, muscular sarcocystosis, trichinellosis. Fever and eosinophilia. Acute ... schistosomiasis, drug hypersensitivity reaction; fascioliasis, sarcocystosis, trichinellosis, angiostrongyliasis, and other ...
  • Sarcocystosis is a disease caused by a microscopic parasite Sarcocystis . (cdc.gov)
  • The critter that causes sarcocystosis, or sarc, is a one-celled coccidian organism called Sarcocystis falcatula . (exoticpetvet.net)
  • Humans are the natural definitive host for Sarcocystis hominis, S. heydorni, and S. suihominis , acquired by eating undercooked sarcocyst-containing beef or pork, resulting in intestinal sarcocystosis. (cdc.gov)
  • Sarcocystis nesbitti causes acute, relapsing febrile myositis with a high attack rate: description of a large outbreak of muscular sarcocystosis in Pangkor Island, Malaysia, 2012. (cdc.gov)
  • Sarcocystosis is characterized by the invasion of muscles and sometimes other tissues by protozoa of the genus Sarcocystis , of which S. hominis (intermediate host domestic cattle) and S. suihominis (domestic pig) are the most significant to humans, to whom they are transmitted by ingestion of uncooked beef or pork. (oxfordmedicine.com)
  • Se reporta el hallazgo de esporoquistes de Sarcocystis bovicanis en las heces de un perro mestizo cazador, alojado en el Matadero de Las Tejerías, Edo. (bvsalud.org)
  • Through 2 international traveler-focused surveillance networks (GeoSentinel and TropNet), we identified and investigated a large outbreak of acute muscular sarcocystosis (AMS), a rarely reported zoonosis caused by a protozoan parasite of the genus Sarcocystis, associated with travel to Tioman Island, Malaysia, during 2011-2012. (unibas.ch)
  • This review article provides an in-depth analysis of the existing knowledge on the taxonomy, epidemiology, clinicopathology and diagnosis of Sarcocystis in SACs, highlights knowledge gaps and proposes future areas of research that could contribute to our better understanding of sarcocystosis in these animals. (bireme.br)
  • Humans act as the intermediate host when infected by Sarcocystis nesbitti, resulting in the markedly different clinical picture of muscular sarcocystosis. (bireme.br)
  • The genus Sarcocystis has more than 100 species that infect various animal species, requiring an intermediate and a definitive host to complete the life cycle and the sarcocystosis is one of the most prevalent parasitic diseases in animals with worldwide distribution ( Tenter, 1995 ). (scielo.br)
  • A muscular sarcocystosis outbreak was reported by travellers returning from Tioman Island in 2011 and 2012 where Sarcocystis nesbitti was identified as the main cause. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Humans are the definitive host for at least two known Sarcocystis species, S. hominis and S. suihominis , and ingestion of undercooked beef and pork, respectively, that contain sarcocysts leads to intestinal sarcocystosis, which can induce symptoms such as nausea, vomiting and enteritis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • These Brazilian isolates behave similarly as Sarcocystis falcatula, which causes sarcocystosis in bi. (medworm.com)
  • Sarcocystosis is a illness caused by infection with parasite called Sarcocystis. (tripsetc.com)
  • Human intestinal sarcocystosis occurs worldwide, but the prevalence is poorly defined and may vary regionally. (cdc.gov)
  • Most people with intestinal sarcocystosis are asymptomatic or experience mild gastroenteritis, though severe illness has been described. (cdc.gov)
  • Intestinal sarcocystosis should be considered in patients with gastroenteritis and a history of eating raw or undercooked meat. (cdc.gov)
  • Intestinal sarcocystosis can be prevented by thoroughly cooking or freezing meat, which kills the infective bradyzoites. (cdc.gov)
  • Sarcocystosis is a zoonotic infection that causes intestinal and muscular illnesses in humans. (bireme.br)
  • Infection with either of these species results in intestinal sarcocystosis, causing a self-limited disease characterized by nausea, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. (bireme.br)
  • it causes intestinal sarcocystosis in humans. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In cases of intestinal sarcocystosis, when humans serve as the definitive hosts, infections are often asymptomatic and clear spontaneously. (cdc.gov)
  • Outbreaks of symptomatic muscular sarcocystosis among tourists in Malaysia suggest that intermediate-host infection may be of public health significance. (cdc.gov)
  • Recurrent outbreaks of muscular sarcocystosis among tourists visiting islands in Malaysia have focused international attention on sarcocystosis, a disease once considered rare in humans. (asm.org)
  • Acute muscular sarcocystosis: an international investigation among ill travelers returning from Tioman Island, Malaysia, 2011-2012. (cdc.gov)
  • Acute muscular sarcocystosis in a traveller. (escmid.org)
  • Notes from the field: Acute muscular sarcocystosis among returning travelers - Tioman Island, Malaysia, 2011. (istm.org)
  • This species is S. nesbitti and it was acknowledged to be involved in the largest known acute muscular sarcocystosis (AMS) outbreak, which occurred in 2011 and 2012 on Tioman Island, Malaysia [ 3 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Sarcocystosis occurs in tropical or subtropical countries. (cdc.gov)
  • Sarcocystosis affects areas in tropical or subtropical countries, including countries in Southeast Asia. (tripsetc.com)
  • Type-I hypersensitivity as a component of eosinophilic myositis (muscular sarcocystosis) in cattle. (elsevier.com)
  • Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Type-I hypersensitivity as a component of eosinophilic myositis (muscular sarcocystosis) in cattle. (elsevier.com)
  • I began working on sarcocystosis in cattle as a graduate student at Kansas State University in 1983. (equisearch.com)
  • Initially, I used reagents developed to study cattle sarcocystosis in my work at UK. (equisearch.com)
  • Dog poo can lead to neospora which causes cattle to abort, sarcocystosis which causes neurological disease and death in sheep, and toxocariasis can impact upon the liver, lungs, eyes and brain in people. (nationaltrust.org.uk)
  • Neosporosis can cause abortion in cattle and Sarcocystosis can cause abortion in sheep and sometimes death. (carrs-billington.com)
  • Dead-end intermediate host infection can occur in humans with S. nesbitti and possibly other species when food, water, or soil contaminated with the feces from a reptilian sporocyst-shedding definitive host (likely snake) is ingested, resulting in muscular sarcocystosis. (cdc.gov)
  • To our knowledge, this the first report of fatal acute sarcocystosis after natural infection in a pig breeding herd. (uzh.ch)
  • As transmission of muscular sarcocystosis occurs via the faecal-oral route, infection probably occurred via ingestion of either food or water contaminated with S. nesbitti sarcocysts. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Sarcocystosis was until recently considered rare in humans. (bireme.br)
  • Despite the economic importance of sarcocystosis in SACs, little is known about the life-cycle of parasites involved, disease transmission, epidemiology, pathogenesis, diagnosis, control and public health significance. (bireme.br)
  • This species may serve as an experimental model for sarcocystosis in domestic animals. (islandscholar.ca)
  • Confirmation of muscular sarcocystosis requires biopsy and histologic observation of sarcocysts in muscle. (cdc.gov)
  • Muscle sarcocystosis is spread through the ingestion of food, water, or soil contaminated with infected animal feces. (tripsetc.com)
  • Muscle sarcocystosis can be suspected in persons with signs and symptoms of myositis, with or without fever. (tripsetc.com)
  • The past decade has witnessed an increasing number of human outbreaks of clinical significance associated with acute sarcocystosis. (uky.edu)
  • R. B. Duncan , J. H. Fox , D. S. Lindsay , J. P. Dubey , and M. E. Zuccaro "Acute Sarcocystosis in a Captive White-tailed Deer in Virginia," Journal of Wildlife Diseases 36(2), 357-361, (1 April 2000). (bioone.org)
  • The case of neurological sarcocystosis in a nine months old bull calf that died in 1982 was restudied. (usda.gov)
  • Although the clinical presentation of muscular sarcocystosis remains to be fully characterized, fever, myalgia, and headache are among the most common symptoms. (bireme.br)
  • There is no vaccine or confirmed effective antiparasitic drug for muscular sarcocystosis, but anti-inflammatory drugs may reduce symptoms. (asm.org)
  • Muscular sarcocystosis should be considered in people presenting with myalgia, with or without fever, and a history of travel to a tropical or subtropical region, especially Malaysia. (cdc.gov)
  • Most documented cases of muscular sarcocystosis were assumed to be acquired in Malaysia, in addition to other regions of Southeast Asia and India. (bireme.br)
  • The majority of cases with S. phocae lesions featured pre-existing conditions that presumably contributed to some degree of debilitation or immunosuppression, including emaciation ( n=29), liver mercury accumulation ( n=29), trauma ( n=22), severe pulmonary or cardiovascular nematodiasis ( n=9), concurrent bacterial or viral infections ( n=8), or sarcocystosis ( n=6). (arctichealth.org)
  • Diseases associated with RBFOX2 include Sarcocystosis and Human Herpesvirus 8 . (genecards.org)
  • Because sarcocystosis is spread through food or water contaminated with animal waste, travelers are advised to avoid contact with animals, to eat and drink safe food and water, and to wash hands frequently. (tripsetc.com)
  • The effects of their intermediate stages are manifested as the disease sarcocystosis . (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Muscular sarcocystosis has most often been reported from countries in Southeast Asia. (cdc.gov)
  • Although, EPM is treatable, sarcocystosis still heavily affects the high-performance horses (horse racing industry) and the course of treatment relies on the use of repurposed antifungals. (findaphd.com)
  • Muscular sarcocystosis can be prevented with standard food and water precautions (see Chapter 2, Food & Water Precautions ). (cdc.gov)
  • Unfortunately no vaccine or medicine is known to prevent or treat sarcocystosis. (tripsetc.com)
  • One question that I am often asked about concerning sarcocystosis is this: Why is there a predilection for this disease in Old World birds? (exoticpetvet.net)
  • There are no proven medical treatments for sarcocystosis. (cdc.gov)
  • A total of 57 tissue samples of domestic pigs (Sus scrofa) were collected from the meat outlets of five north Indian states and examined for sarcocystosis by histological and molecular methods. (unboundmedicine.com)
  • Published cases of muscular sarcocystosis from the Middle East, Central and South America, and Africa are all rare. (bireme.br)
  • This is the first confirmed report of acute sarcocystosis in a wild ruminant. (bioone.org)