A species in the genus PHLEBOVIRUS causing PHLEBOTOMUS FEVER, an influenza-like illness. Related serotypes include Toscana virus and Tehran virus.
A genus of the family BUNYAVIRIDAE comprising many viruses, most of which are transmitted by Phlebotomus flies and cause PHLEBOTOMUS FEVER. The type species is RIFT VALLEY FEVER VIRUS.
Influenza-like febrile viral disease caused by several members of the BUNYAVIRIDAE family and transmitted mostly by the bloodsucking sandfly Phlebotomus papatasii.
A genus of PSYCHODIDAE which functions as the vector of a number of pathogenic organisms, including LEISHMANIA DONOVANI; LEISHMANIA TROPICA; Bartonella bacilliformis, and the Pappataci fever virus (SANDFLY FEVER NAPLES VIRUS).
A family of viruses, mainly arboviruses, consisting of a single strand of RNA. Virions are enveloped particles 90-120 nm diameter. The complete family contains over 300 members arranged in five genera: ORTHOBUNYAVIRUS; HANTAVIRUS; NAIROVIRUS; PHLEBOVIRUS; and TOSPOVIRUS.
Small, hairy, moth-like flies which are of considerable public health importance as vectors of certain pathogenic organisms. Important disease-related genera are PHLEBOTOMUS, Lutzomyia, and Sergentomyia.
Antibodies produced by a single clone of cells.
The property of antibodies which enables them to react with some ANTIGENIC DETERMINANTS and not with others. Specificity is dependent on chemical composition, physical forces, and molecular structure at the binding site.
Immunoglobulin molecules having a specific amino acid sequence by virtue of which they interact only with the ANTIGEN (or a very similar shape) that induced their synthesis in cells of the lymphoid series (especially PLASMA CELLS).
Sites on an antigen that interact with specific antibodies.
Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.
Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.
Serological reactions in which an antiserum against one antigen reacts with a non-identical but closely related antigen.
Works containing information articles on subjects in every field of knowledge, usually arranged in alphabetical order, or a similar work limited to a special field or subject. (From The ALA Glossary of Library and Information Science, 1983)
Central gray matter surrounding the CEREBRAL AQUEDUCT in the MESENCEPHALON. Physiologically it is probably involved in RAGE reactions, the LORDOSIS REFLEX; FEEDING responses, bladder tonus, and pain.
An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies, south of Florida. With the adjacent islands it forms the Republic of Cuba. Its capital is Havana. It was discovered by Columbus on his first voyage in 1492 and conquered by Spain in 1511. It has a varied history under Spain, Great Britain, and the United States but has been independent since 1902. The name Cuba is said to be an Indian name of unknown origin but the language that gave the name is extinct, so the etymology is a conjecture. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p302 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p132)
Personal names, given or surname, as cultural characteristics, as ethnological or religious patterns, as indications of the geographic distribution of families and inbreeding, etc. Analysis of isonymy, the quality of having the same or similar names, is useful in the study of population genetics. NAMES is used also for the history of names or name changes of corporate bodies, such as medical societies, universities, hospitals, government agencies, etc.
Disruption of structural continuity of the body as a result of the discharge of firearms.
The relationships between symbols and their meanings.
A discipline concerned with relations between messages and the characteristics of individuals who select and interpret them; it deals directly with the processes of encoding (phonetics) and decoding (psychoacoustics) as they relate states of messages to states of communicators.
Several species of the genus Simulium (family Simuliidae) that act as intermediate hosts (vectors) for the parasitic disease ONCHOCERCIASIS.
A family of the order DIPTERA with over 700 species. Important species that may be mechanical vectors of disease include Musca domesticus (HOUSEFLIES), Musca autumnalis (face fly), Stomoxys calcitrans (stable fly), Haematobia irritans (horn fly) and Fannia spp.
Bloodsucking flies of the genus Glossina, found primarily in equatorial Africa. Several species are intermediate hosts of trypanosomes.
An order of the class Insecta. Wings, when present, number two and distinguish Diptera from other so-called flies, while the halteres, or reduced hindwings, separate Diptera from other insects with one pair of wings. The order includes the families Calliphoridae, Oestridae, Phoridae, SARCOPHAGIDAE, Scatophagidae, Sciaridae, SIMULIIDAE, Tabanidae, Therevidae, Trypetidae, CERATOPOGONIDAE; CHIRONOMIDAE; CULICIDAE; DROSOPHILIDAE; GLOSSINIDAE; MUSCIDAE; TEPHRITIDAE; and PSYCHODIDAE. The larval form of Diptera species are called maggots (see LARVA).
Bites and stings inflicted by insects.

Serological survey of Toscana virus infections in a high-risk population in Italy. (1/34)

Toscana virus is the most important agent responsible for meningitis in central Italy. We report a serosurveillance study, using an immunoenzymatic assay, of 360 serum samples harvested from a high-risk population occupationally exposed to Toscana virus in two regions of Italy, Tuscany and Piedmont. The results indicates a seroprevalence of Toscana virus of 77.2% in the forestry workers, particularly in the Tuscany region. This fact is strictly correlated with the ecological niches specific for the survival of Toscana virus arthropod vector.  (+info)

Unusual presentation of life-threatening Toscana virus meningoencephalitis. (2/34)

This case report describes a brother and a sister with severe meningoencephalitis caused by Toscana virus (TOSv). The clinical presentation was characterized by stiff neck, deep coma, maculopapular rash, diffuse lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, renal involvement, tendency to bleeding, and diffuse intravascular coagulation. The boy had epididymo-orchitis. Recovery with neurologic sequelae as hydrocephalus was observed. Microbiological diagnosis was obtained by serological tests and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. Sequencing of polymerase chain reaction products from the S and M segments was carried out. TOSv may be a causative agent in severe meningoencephalitis.  (+info)

Development of a mouse model for the study of Toscana virus pathogenesis. (3/34)

Toscana virus (TOSV) has recently been recognized as an emerging virus transmitted by phlebotomus vectors, responsible for acute neurological diseases in Mediterranean countries. In our study, we demonstrated that adult Balb/c mice were susceptible to TOSV when infected intracerebrally (i.c.) or subcutaneously (s.c.) with a neuroadapted strain of the virus. We have shown that by performing serial passages of a wild type human isolate of TOSV in mouse brains, selection occurs for a highly virulent variant which replicates efficiently in the central nervous system (CNS) of i.c.-injected mice, causing acute encephalitis and death. Immunohistochemical analysis and TUNEL assay of post-mortem organs showed that TOSV replication was highly restricted to neurons in which it induced apoptotic death; however, virus antigen-positivity was also observed in the spleen and lymph nodes. In s.c.-injected mice, virus was detectable in the spleen and lymph nodes, whereas only few meningeal cells and neurons were affected, allowing for the mouse survival the infection. The presence of TOSV in spleen and lymph node cells in both s.c.- and i.c.-treated mice suggests their possible involvement in the diffusion of the infection. This animal model may be helpful for the development of prophylactic measures against TOSV infections.  (+info)

The N terminus of Rift Valley fever virus nucleoprotein is essential for dimerization. (4/34)

Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) is a Phlebovirus in the Bunyaviridae family. The nucleoprotein N is the most abundant component of the virion; numerous copies of N associate with the viral RNA genome and form pseudohelicoidal ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) circularized by a panhandle structure formed by the base-paired RNA sequences at the 3' and 5' termini. These structures play a central role in transcription and replication. We investigated the intermolecular interactions of the RVFV N protein and found that after chemical cross-linking treatment, the nucleoprotein from purified RNPs migrates mainly as dimers. The N-N interaction was studied using the yeast two-hybrid system, the GST pull-down method, and mutational analysis. We demonstrated that the N terminus from residue 1 to 71, and particularly Tyr 4 and Phe 11, which are conserved among phlebovirus N sequences, are involved in the interaction. The C-terminal region did not seem to be essential for the N-N interaction. Moreover, we showed that N(TOS), the N protein of the related Toscana phlebovirus, interacts with itself and forms heterodimers with N(RVF), suggesting that the dimeric form of N may be a conserved feature in phlebovirus RNPs.  (+info)

Emergence of Toscana virus in Europe. (5/34)

Toscana virus (TOSV) is an arthropod-borne virus first identified in 1971 from the sandfly Phlebotomus perniciosus in central Italy. Many case reports in travelers and clinical research and epidemiologic studies conducted around the Mediterranean region have shown that TOSV has a tropism for the central nervous system (CNS) and is a major cause of meningitis and encephalitis in countries in which it circulates. In central Italy, TOSV is the most frequent cause of meningitis from May to October, far exceeding enteroviruses. In other northern Mediterranean countries, TOSV is among the 3 most prevalent viruses associated with meningitis during the warm seasons. Therefore, TOSV must be considered an emerging pathogen. Here, we review the epidemiology of TOSV in Europe and determine questions that should be addressed in future studies. Despite increasing evidence of its major role in medicine as an emerging cause of CNS infections, TOSV remains an unstudied pathogen, and few physicians are aware of its potential to cause CNS infections.  (+info)

Toscana virus in Spain. (6/34)

Toscana virus (TOSV, Phlebovirus, family Bunyaviridae) infection is one of the most prevalent arboviruses in Spain. Within the objectives of a multidisciplinary network, a study on the epidemiology of TOSV was conducted in Granada, in southern Spain. The overall seroprevalence rate was 24.9%, significantly increasing with age. TOSV was detected in 3 of 103 sandfly pools by viral culture or reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction from a region of the L gene. Nucleotide sequence homology was 99%-100% in TOSV from vectors and patients and 80%-81% compared to the Italian strain ISS Phl.3. Sequencing of the N gene of TOSV isolates from patients and vectors indicated 87%-88% and 100% homology at the nucleotide and amino acid levels, respectively, compared to the Italian strain. These findings demonstrate the circulation of at least 2 different lineages of TOSV in the Mediterranean basin, the Italian lineage and the Spanish lineage.  (+info)

Toscana virus central nervous system infections in southern Italy. (7/34)

Toscana virus was detected by reverse transcription-nested PCR in 5.6% of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from patients with meningitis and encephalitis during the summer in southern Italy. The central nervous system infections were associated with young adults and with a substantially benign clinical course. Presenting features and CSF findings are also discussed in the present report.  (+info)

A shared transcription termination signal on negative and ambisense RNA genome segments of Rift Valley fever, sandfly fever Sicilian, and Toscana viruses. (8/34)

The Phlebovirus genus (family Bunyaviridae) is composed of a diverse group of arboviruses that cause disease syndromes ranging from mild febrile illness to hemorrhagic fever with high fatality. Although antigenically similar, these viruses differ by approximately 25% at the genome level, and their ecologies, including geographic ranges, preferred vector species, and hosts, vary considerably. In contrast to other ambisense viruses, where RNA hairpin structures which serve as transcription termination signals are frequently found separating the opposite-sense open reading frames, no evidence of predicted high-energy hairpin structures was found at the ambisense junctions of phlebovirus S RNA segments. However, a conserved sequence motif was identified on both negative and ambisense genome segments that functions as a transcription termination signal for the N, NSs, and GPC mRNAs in three diverse phleboviruses, namely, Rift Valley fever, sandfly Sicilian, and Toscana viruses. The exact termination of nascent virus mRNA molecules was determined by 3' rapid amplification of cDNA ends. Surprisingly, analysis of the termini of mRNAs from both S and M segments of these three viruses revealed that transcription termination occurred immediately upstream of a conserved sequence motif with the general features 3'-C(1-3)GUCG/A-5'. In contrast, no corresponding sequence motif was found in the L segments, and analysis indicated a "runoff" transcript approach to L mRNA termination. The absolute requirement of the identified transcription termination motif was demonstrated by using a highly efficient Rift Valley fever virus reverse genetics system to generate live recombinant viruses with S segments lacking the termination signal motif for the NP or NSs mRNA and showing that these recombinant viruses generated mRNAs that failed to terminate correctly.  (+info)

Sandfly fever Naples virus ATCC ® VR-409™ Designation: I-58 Application: Deoxycholate and chloroform-sensitive. HA produced (Opt. pH 6.0, >37°C). CF specific.
Toscana virus is an emerging sandfly-borne bunyavirus in Mediterranean Europe responsible for neurological diseases in humans. It accounts for about 80% of paediatric meningitis cases during the summer. Despite the important impact of Toscana virus infection-associated disease on human health, currently approved vaccines or effective antiviral treatments are not available. In this research, we have analyzed the effect of bovine lactoferrin, a bi-globular iron-binding glycoprotein with potent antimicrobial and immunomodulatory activities, on Toscana virus infection in vitro. Our results showed that lactoferrin was capable of inhibiting Toscana virus replication in a dose-dependent manner. Results obtained when lactoferrin was added to the cells during different phases of viral infection showed that lactoferrin was able to prevent viral replication when added during the viral adsorption step or during the entire cycle of virus infection, demonstrating that its action takes place in an early phase of
Sandfly fever viruses are widely distributed in the Mediterranean basin, where they are transmitted by the bite of sandflies in the breeding season. The most common viruses associated with human infections are sandfly fever Naples virus, sandfly fever Sicilian virus and Toscana virus, causing a febr...
Toscana virus (TOSV) is an arthropod-borne virus first identified in 1971 from the sandfly Phlebotomus perniciosus in central Italy. Many case reports in travelers and clinical research and epidemiologic studies conducted around the Mediterranean region have shown that TOSV has a tropism for the central nervous system (CNS) and is a major cause of meningitis and encephalitis in countries in which it circulates. In central Italy, TOSV is the most frequent cause of meningitis from May to October, far exceeding enteroviruses. In other northern Mediterranean countries, TOSV is among the 3 most prevalent viruses associated with meningitis during the warm seasons. Therefore, TOSV must be considered an emerging pathogen. Here, we review the epidemiology of TOSV in Europe and determine questions that should be addressed in future studies. Despite increasing evidence of its major role in medicine as an emerging cause of CNS infections, TOSV remains an unstudied pathogen, and few physicians are aware of ...
Toscana virus (TOSV, Phlebovirus, family Bunyaviridae) infection is one of the most prevalent arboviruses in Spain. Within the objectives of a multidisciplinary network, a study on the epidemiology of TOSV was conducted in Granada, in southern Spain. The overall seroprevalence rate was 24.9%, significantly increasing with age. TOSV was detected in 3 of 103 sandfly pools by viral culture or reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction from a region of the L gene. Nucleotide sequence homology was 99%-100% in TOSV from vectors and patients and 80%-81% compared to the Italian strain ISS Phl.3. Sequencing of the N gene of TOSV isolates from patients and vectors indicated 87%-88% and 100% homology at the nucleotide and amino acid levels, respectively, compared to the Italian strain. These findings demonstrate the circulation of at least 2 different lineages of TOSV in the Mediterranean basin, the Italian lineage and the Spanish lineage.
Introduction Zoonotic diseases are a significant reason behind individual mortality and morbidity. sandfly fever Naples pathogen (SFNV) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Outcomes Antibodies against spp. had been discovered in 64 (40%) cattle, 45 (29%) buffalo, 71 (41%) sheep, and five (50%) camels; antibodies against in six (4%) buffalo, 14 (8%) sheep, and seven (70%) camels; and antibodies against spp. in 12 (8%) cattle, one (1%) buffalo, seven (4%) sheep, and one (10%) camel. Antibodies against RVFV had been discovered in two (1%) cattle and five (3%) buffalo, and antibodies against CCHFV in a single (1%) cow. Zero antibodies against SFNV or SFSV had been detected in virtually any types. Debate Outcomes suggest Bexarotene that livestock have already been shown to a genuine variety of pathogens, although care should be used with interpretation. It isnt feasible to determine whether antibodies against spp. and RVFV in buffalo and cattle are because of prior vaccination or normal publicity. ...
Introduction Zoonotic diseases are a significant reason behind individual mortality and morbidity. sandfly fever Naples pathogen (SFNV) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Outcomes Antibodies against spp. had been discovered in 64 (40%) cattle, 45 (29%) buffalo, 71 (41%) sheep, and five (50%) camels; antibodies against in six (4%) buffalo, 14 (8%) sheep, and seven (70%) camels; and antibodies against spp. in 12 (8%) cattle, one (1%) buffalo, seven (4%) sheep, and one (10%) camel. Antibodies against RVFV had been discovered in two (1%) cattle and five (3%) buffalo, and antibodies against CCHFV in a single (1%) cow. Zero antibodies against SFNV or SFSV had been detected in virtually any types. Debate Outcomes suggest Bexarotene that livestock have already been shown to a genuine variety of pathogens, although care should be used with interpretation. It isnt feasible to determine whether antibodies against spp. and RVFV in buffalo and cattle are because of prior vaccination or normal publicity. ...
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Define Naples yellow. Naples yellow synonyms, Naples yellow pronunciation, Naples yellow translation, English dictionary definition of Naples yellow. n 1. a yellow pigment, used by artists; lead antimonate 2. a similar pigment consisting of a mixture of zinc oxide with yellow colouring matter 3.
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Elijah Beauplans high school sports timeline. MaxPreps has events and updates about Elijah Beauplan while he was playing football at Community School of Naples , Community School of Naples , Community School of Naples and Community School of Naples dating as far back as 2014.
Naples, 11 February 2014. The new pilot initiative Voices against crime will be launched in Naples on 11 February 2014. The initiative is developed by the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI) in cooperation with the Municipality of Naples, the participation of the media partners Il Mattino and Fanpage, and the involvement of NGOs.. The initiative aims to give a voice to the victims through the collection of their stories and to make the sharing of their experiences the starting point for the implementation of an awareness campaign to promote future interventions on prevention, development and assistance.. Gino Sorbillo and the Olympic medalist Clemente Russo are the outstanding testimonials of the project. UNICRI has entrusted them with the message of the projects information campaign, aimed at reaching out to citizens.. The initiative will be launched by the Mayor of Naples Luigi de Magistris, the Director of UNICRI Jonathan Lucas, during a meeting to be ...
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Castel Nuovo Naples. What we see today is mostly the construction in the 15th century by Aragon king Alfonso V and later renovations. The castle was downgraded to a military fortress when Naples was annexed by Spain at the end of the 15th century. However in 1734, King of Naples moved back, thus res
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Naples, FL (PRWEB) June 23, 2015 -- Dr. Timothy Davis is celebrating his 25th anniversary of practicing as a periodontist in Naples, FL. In addition to
In 1951, Carmon Robert Naples MD (a Doctor practicing in Silver Spring)and his wife Eleanor E Naples purchased a 237 acre farm with a circa 1860s farm hou
The Ave Maria University Chamber Choir and a professional orchestra, under the direction of Dr. Timothy McDonnell, will perform Mozarts Requiem in Naples on Tuesday evening, October 30th, at 7:30pm. The concert will take place at Moorings Presbyterian Church, 791 Harbour Drive, Naples, 34103. Tickets $25--Purchase in advance or at the door. Visit www.avemaria.edu/supportamu/events or…
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Adam Naples, PhD, is Associate Research Scientist in the Child Study Center at the Yale School of Medicine. As a researcher at Yale he has co-authored papers on autism, reading disability and genetics and developed novel experimental methods for studying brain activity during live and simulated social interactions. Dr. Naples received his A.B from Cornell University, his Ph.D. in psychology from Yale University, and post-doctoral training at the Yale Child Study Center. He has also been active in the mentoring and training of graduate and undergraduate students and post-doctoral fellows. His primary research interests are understanding the neural and cognitive mechanisms that lead to variability in developmental disorders ...
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ECONOMIA E POLITICA INDUSTRIALE - La sopravvivenza delle imprese negli anni della crisi: prime evidenze empiriche dalla Toscana ( The economic crisis of the late 2000s has led many manufacturing companies to abandon the market as a result of poor performance or financial difficulties. The purpose of this study is to analyze the static and dynamic factors that play a role in prompting a company to exit the market. The assessment calls for applying survival analysis techniques to an Italian regional case study (Tuscany) to identify specific profiles among the firms observed both before and during the early years of the crisis. Our findings show that the
Ranking and Thematic mapof BIRTH RATE[1] in Provinces of Region of TOSCANA - Thematic maps, news, comparisons and rankings for municipalities, provinces and the regions based on 20 socio-demographic indicators
Se stai cercando un centro di Implantologia in Toscana, un dentista con esperienza e con tecnologie allavanguardia, Giovanni Fazi è la persona giusta.
La Casina Toscana, near center,independent with garden,parking,wi-fi,air cond.. La Casina Toscana is a house of about 100 square meters individual whose o...
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Fishermens huts in Naples - the nucleus of a three week cholera outbreak - have been demolished to prevent further spreading of the disease.
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"Capitalize other parts of a virus name only if they are proper nouns: ... Sandfly fever Naples virus"; 22.3.5.2). The guides ...
It is related to the Naples and Toscana viruses, which also cause sandfly fever. The virus was discovered in Palermo, Sicilia, ... The only sandfly fever virus known to be neurotropic is Toscana virus. However, there have been a report of encephalitis and ... There is little or no serologic cross-reactivity between sandfly fever viruses. Infection can be confirmed through serologic ... Lesho, Emil; Ludwig, George; Wortmann, Glenn (2004). "Encephalitis and Sandfly Fever (Sicilian) Virus Infection: Case Report ...
... an arboviral disease caused by sandfly fever viruses such as the Naples and Sicilian strains of the genus Phlebovirus (family ... where it is transmitted by the sand flies of the species Phlebotomus argentipes. This species of sand flies was on the brink of ... Some sandflies are "exophagic", living entirely out of doors, while others are "endophagic" and invade houses. In the tropics, ... The female sand fly carries the Leishmania protozoa from infected animals after feeding, thus transmitting the disease, while ...
Sandfly fever Naples virus taxonomy Bunyaviridae Genomes-database search results from the Viral Bioinformatics Resource Center ... 2012) A sandfly fever virus outbreak in the East Mediterranean region of Turkey. Int J Infect Dis 16: e244-246. Schultze D, ... Sandfly fever Naples phlebovirus (SFNV) is an antigenic species of genus Phlebovirus within the family Phenuiviridae of the ... Sandfly fever induces myalgia, fever, and elevated liver enzymes in humans. It is difficult to diagnose outside endemic areas. ...
Three serotypes of Phlebovirus are known as the causative agents: Naples virus, Sicilian virus and Toscana virus. Although ... Pappataci fever (also known as Phlebotomus fever and, somewhat confusingly, sandfly fever and three-day fever) is a vector- ... "Pappataci fever". Retrieved 2009-07-03. Tavana AM. Sandfly fever in the world. Ann Trop Med Public Health 2015;8:83-7 Gratz N.G ... Besides this horizontal virus transmission from man to sandfly, the virus can be transmitted in insects transovarially, from an ...
... but in common with other sandfly transmitted viruses such as Naples virus and Sicilian virus, infection may result in Pappataci ... fever, an illness with mild fever, headache and myalgia. In serious cases that go undiagnosed, acute meningitis, ... enveloped RNA viruses. The virus can be transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected sandfly of the genus Phlebotomus. ... This virus is a leading cause of acute meningitis between May and October in Central Italy and in other northern Mediterranean ...
Pappataci fever *Toscana virus. *Sandfly fever Naples virus. *Oropouche fever *Oropouche virus ... Lujo virus. References[edit]. *^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad "Lassa fever". WHO. March 2016 ... Lassa fever, also known as Lassa hemorrhagic fever (LHF), is a type of viral hemorrhagic fever caused by the Lassa virus.[1] ... typhoid fever, and yellow fever.[1] The Lassa virus is a member of the Arenaviridae family of viruses.[1] ...
Pappataci fever *Toscana virus. *Sandfly fever Naples virus. *Oropouche fever *Oropouche virus ... Lassa virus (LASV) is an arenavirus that causes Lassa hemorrhagic fever,[1] a type of viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF), in humans ... Lassa fever is mostly caused by the Lassa virus. The symptoms include flu-like illness characterized by fever, general weakness ... Lassa fever causes hemorrhagic fever frequently shown by immunosuppression. Lassa virus replicates very rapidly, and ...
Pappataci fever *Toscana virus. *Sandfly fever Naples virus. *Oropouche fever *Oropouche virus ... La Crosse Virus The La Crosse encephalitis virus is a type of arbovirus called a bunyavirus.[3] The Bunyavirales are mainly ... La Crosse encephalitis virus (LACV) is one of a group of mosquito-transmitted viruses that can cause encephalitis, or ... "La Crosse virus disease cases reported to CDC by state, 2004-2013" (PDF). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved ...
Pappataci fever *Toscana virus. *Sandfly fever Naples virus. *Oropouche fever *Oropouche virus ... the genetic sequence of the virus[97] based on the virus's RNA obtained from the Qatari case.[8][98] ... "Camels in Kenya test positive for MERS virus". Informer East Africa.. *^ "MERS antibody shows promise in rabbits; signs of ... "Mers virus: Saudis warned to wear masks near camels". BBC News. 11 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014.. ...
Oropouche fever *Oropouche virus. *Pappataci fever *Toscana virus. *Sandfly fever Naples virus ... The Semliki Forest virus is a positive-stranded RNA virus with a genome of approximately 13,000 base pairs which encodes nine ... The modified virus reduced tumour growth and prolonged survival of mice with brain tumours.[9] The modified virus was also ... The Semliki Forest virus was first isolated from mosquitoes in the Semliki Forest, Uganda by the Uganda Virus Research ...
... rift valley fever virus MeSH B04.820.087.710.750 - sandfly fever naples virus MeSH B04.820.087.710.900 - uukuniemi virus MeSH ... rift valley fever virus MeSH B04.909.777.147.710.750 - sandfly fever naples virus MeSH B04.909.777.147.710.900 - uukuniemi ... yellow fever virus MeSH B04.820.250.400 - gb virus a MeSH B04.820.250.405 - gb virus b MeSH B04.820.250.410 - GB virus C MeSH ... yellow fever virus MeSH B04.909.777.310.400 - gb virus a MeSH B04.909.777.310.405 - gb virus b MeSH B04.909.777.310.410 - GB ...
Oropouche fever *Oropouche virus. *Pappataci fever *Toscana virus. *Sandfly fever Naples virus ... The four are Bundibugyo virus (BDBV), Sudan virus (SUDV), Taï Forest virus (TAFV) and one simply called Ebola virus (EBOV, ... Ebola virus disease (EVD), also known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) or simply Ebola, is a viral hemorrhagic fever of humans ... The virus responsible for the initial outbreak, first thought to be Marburg virus, was later identified as a new type of virus ...
Oropouche fever *Oropouche virus. *Pappataci fever *Toscana virus. *Sandfly fever Naples virus ... It is a member of the Semliki Forest virus complex and is closely related to Ross River virus, O'nyong'nyong virus, and Semliki ... Chikungunya is an infection caused by the chikungunya virus (CHIKV).[3] Symptoms include fever and joint pains.[2] These ... Fever occurs with the onset of viremia, and the level of virus in the blood correlates with the intensity of symptoms in the ...
Pappataci fever *Toscana virus. *Sandfly fever Naples virus. *Oropouche fever *Oropouche virus ... Detecting antibodies, the virus's RNA, or the virus itself[1]. Differential diagnosis. Dengue fever, Q fever,[2] Ebola virus ... The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses proposed the name Congo-Crimean hemorrhagic fever virus, but the Soviets ... Casals J (May 1969). "Antigenic similarity between the virus causing Crimean hemorrhagic fever and Congo virus". Proc Soc Exp ...
Pappataci fever *Toscana virus. *Sandfly fever Naples virus. *Oropouche fever *Oropouche virus ... Lassa Virus, Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever Virus, Rift Valley Fever Virus, Dengue Virus, and Yellow Fever Virus by Real-Time ... MVD is caused by two viruses Marburg virus (MARV) and Ravn virus (RAVV)family Filoviridae[16] ... Marburg virus (MARV) and Ravn virus (RAVV).[1] MVD is a viral hemorrhagic fever (VHF), and the clinical symptoms are ...
Pappataci fever *Toscana virus. *Sandfly fever Naples virus. *Oropouche fever *Oropouche virus ... The enveloped virus is closely related to the West Nile virus and the St. Louis encephalitis virus. The positive sense single- ... Japanese encephalitis virus JEV is a virus from the family Flaviviridae, part of the Japanese encephalitis serocomplex of 9 ... The virus appears to have originated from its ancestral virus in the mid-1500s in the Indonesia-Malaysia region and evolved ...
Oropouche fever *Oropouche virus. *Pappataci fever *Toscana virus. *Sandfly fever Naples virus ...
Sambon's theory was proved right in the 1890s when it was confirmed that yellow fever was caused by a virus and transmitted by ... and the Liceo Umberto in Naples. In 1884 he entered the University of Naples, from where he earned his M.D. in 1891. He took ... sand flies, and black flies). According to Sambon, pellagra is: not caused by maize because it is present in countries where ... Sambon was born in Milan, Italy, and obtained an M.D. from the University of Naples Federico II. He moved to England to work at ...
Virus Sections. Virus Name/Prototype. Original Source. Method of Isolation. Virus Properties. Antigenic Relationship. Biologic ... Virus Source (all VERTEBRATE isolates). Blood (M) Lab Methods of Virus Recovery (ALL ISOLATIONS). Newborn mice. Human ... Click on the PDF icon to the left to view a copy of this virus entry in PDF format. You can get a copy of the PDF viewer by ... SFN virus did not multiply in Aedes aegypti or Aedes albopictus cells (19). ...
Virus Sections. Virus Name/Prototype. Original Source. Method of Isolation. Virus Properties. Antigenic Relationship. Biologic ... Click on the PDF icon to the left to view a copy of this virus entry in PDF format. You can get a copy of the PDF viewer by ... Virus Name: Sandfly fever Naples Abbreviation: SFNV Status. Arbovirus Select Agent. No SALS Level. 2 ...
... Designation: I-58 Application: Deoxycholate and chloroform-sensitive. HA produced ( ... Sandfly fever Naples virus (ATCC® VR-409™) Classification: Bunyaviridae, Phlebovirus / Product Format: freeze-dried ... Catalogue of arthropod-borne viruses of the world. USPHS Pub. No. 1760Washington, DC: U.S. GPO; 1967. ... Sandfly fever Naples virus Strain I-58 Applications Deoxycholate and chloroform-sensitive. HA produced (Opt. pH 6.0, >37°C). CF ...
... was discovered in sand flies collected in Albania and genetically characterised as a member of the Sandfly fever Naples species ... that may be useful for further screening of patients presenting with fever of unknown origin that may be caused by Balkan virus ... We report here (i) the first direct evidence that the Balkan virus initially described in coastal Albania has a much wider ... infection, (iii) entomological results suggesting that Balkan virus is likely transmitted by Phlebotomus neglectus, and ...
Sandfly fever Naples virus (ATCC® VR-1278AF™) ATCC® Number: VR-1278AF™ Classification: Bunyaviridae, Phlebovirus ... Influenza A virus (H1N1) (ATCC® VR-1668™) ATCC® Number: VR-1668™ Classification: Orthomyxoviridae, Influenzavirus A ... West Nile virus (ATCC® VR-1618™) ATCC® Number: VR-1618™ Classification: Flaviviridae, Flavivirus ... West Nile virus (ATCC® VR-1621™) ATCC® Number: VR-1621™ Classification: Flaviviridae, Flavivirus ...
"Capitalize other parts of a virus name only if they are proper nouns: ... Sandfly fever Naples virus"; 22.3.5.2). The guides ...
Punta Toro virus; SFSV, sandfly fever Sicilian virus; UUKV, Uukuniemi virus; SFNV, Sandfly fever Naples virus; FRIV, Frijoles ... virus; ICOV, Icoaraci virus; JOAV, Joa virus; BELTV, Belterra virus; SLBOV, Salobo virus; BUEV, Buenaventura virus. Scale bars ... Proposed virus genotypes (TOSV from Italy, A; TOSV from Spain, B) are indicated. For TOSV, 4 lineages (G1 to G4) are shown, and ... Genetic Diversity of Toscana Virus Ximena Collao12, Gustavo Palacios1, Sara Sanbonmatsu-Gámez, Mercedes Pérez-Ruiz, Ana I. ...
Rift Valley fever virus; SFSV, sandfly fever Sicilian virus; SFNV, sandfly fever Naples virus; PTV, Punta Toro virus. ... Genetic Diversity of Toscana Virus Ximena Collao12, Gustavo Palacios1, Sara Sanbonmatsu-Gámez, Mercedes Pérez-Ruiz, Ana I. ... L, large; M, medium; NS, nonstructural; N, nucleoprotein; TOSV, Toscana virus; NA, not applicable; RVFV, ...
... related to the sand fly fever Naples phlebovirus species, was also detected. The co-circulation, in a restricted area, of three ... The well-known Toscana virus (TOSV) was isolated; three new, closely related phleboviruses differing in their M segments and ... Such a complex situation emphasizes the need for detailed investigations of the biology of these viruses to better characterize ... while the Ponticelli viruses fall within the Salehabad phlebovirus species. Results highlight an unexpected diversity of ...
... and the Pappataci fever virus (SANDFLY FEVER NAPLES VIRUS). ... Sand Fly (small, moth-like Insects). *Bite at night in damp ... Phlebotomus, Genus: Phlebotomus, phlebotomus, sand fly, Phlebotomus fly, Sand fly, Old World sandfly, Phlebotomus (organism), ... Aka: Fly Bite, Flies, Black Fly, Simuliidae, Horse Fly, Tabanidae, Deer Fly, Gadfly, Louse Fly, Sand Fly, Phlebotomus, Snipe ... Pemphigus Foliaceus Tularemia Mosquito Bite Fever in the Returning Traveler Ascaris Vector Borne Disease Leishmaniasis Insect ...
... and the Pappataci fever virus (SANDFLY FEVER NAPLES VIRUS).. ... Sand Fly (small, moth-like Insects). *Bite at night in damp ... Phlebotomus, Genus: Phlebotomus, phlebotomus, sand fly, Phlebotomus fly, Sand fly, Old World sandfly, Phlebotomus (organism), ... Aka: Fly Bite, Flies, Black Fly, Simuliidae, Horse Fly, Tabanidae, Deer Fly, Gadfly, Louse Fly, Sand Fly, Phlebotomus, Snipe ...
It is related to the Naples and Toscana viruses, which also cause sandfly fever. The virus was discovered in Palermo, Sicilia, ... The only sandfly fever virus known to be neurotropic is Toscana virus. However, there have been a report of encephalitis and ... There is little or no serologic cross-reactivity between sandfly fever viruses. Infection can be confirmed through serologic ... Lesho, Emil; Ludwig, George; Wortmann, Glenn (2004). "Encephalitis and Sandfly Fever (Sicilian) Virus Infection: Case Report ...
These serologic data confirm previous clinical observations that sandfly fever became uncommon in Athens after initiation of ... The prevalence of Naples and Sicilian neutralizing antibodies among residents ⩾30 years of age was 36% and 13%, respectively. ... Presumedly the spraying program was effective in reducing the Phlebotomus population to levels where virus transmission was ... In contrast, only 4% of persons ⩽29 years of age had Naples antibodies and all were negative to Sicilian. ...
Granada virus; a natural phlebovirus reassortant of the Sandfly fever Naples serocomplex with low seroprevalence in humans. Am ... Fin V707 virus (FINV), Grand Arbaud virus (GAV), Manawa virus (MWAV), Murre virus (MURV), Oceanside virus (OCV), Ponteves virus ... the Sandfly fever group and the Uukuniemi group (1). Viruses in the Sandfly fever group are transmitted by phlebotomine ... Uukuniemi virus, EgAn 1825-61 virus, Fin V707 virus, Chizé virus, and Zaliv Terpenia virus would be classified into the ...
Sandfly fever Naples virus/classification. *Sandfly fever Naples virus/genetics. *Sandfly fever Naples virus/isolation & ... sequences in the nucleoprotein gene of phleboviruses within the species Sandfly fever Naples virus. Sequence information ... Toscana virus (TOSV), an arthropodborne phlebovirus transmitted by sandflies, can cause febrile illness and meningitis. The ... Cocirculation of 2 genotypes of Toscana virus, southeastern France.. Charrel RN1, Izri A, Temmam S, Delaunay P, Toga I, Dumon H ...
Sera were tested for presence of specific antibodies to sand fly fever (SF) Sicilian, SF Naples, and Toscana viruses by both ... 1 strain of SF Sicilian virus and 1 strain of SF Naples virus. ... 3 for SF Naples, and 1 for Toscana virus. IFT and PRNT revealed ... Virus isolation was attempted on acute-phase sera collected from febrile patients. Of 5 such acute-phase sera from patients ... Seroconversion was associated with clinical disease in 7 out of 7, 2 out of 3, and 0 out of 1 for SF Sicilian, SF Naples, and ...
... such as sandfly fever, to more distinct clinical syndromes such as California encephalitis (CE), Rift Valley fever (RVF), ... Investigational strategies include DNA vaccination for pathogenic hantaviruses, including Hantaan virus and ADNV. ... Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF), hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), and the recently recognized hantavirus ... The family Bunyaviridae is the largest family of animal viruses and includes many viruses that are known human pathogens. The ...
A genus of the family Bunyaviridae that causes sandfly fever Explanation of Phlebovirus ... The agent of sandfly fever Sandfly fever virus (SFV) is classified in the phlebovirus species which is an enveloped RNA virus ... Naples, and Sicilian.. Sandfly Fever in Afghanistan-A Sometimes Overlooked Disease of Military Importance: A Case Series and ... RVF virus belongs to the Bunyaviridae family, genus Phlebovirus (2).. Rift valley fever response--Kabale District, Uganda, ...
... the viruses transmitted by Phlebotomine sandflies in Europe (Toscana virus, Sicilian virus, sandfly fever Naples virus) are ... Data on vertebrate reservoirs is sparse for sandfly fever viruses. The factor currently known to limit the spread of diseases ... These sandfly-borne viruses are mainly the Phlebovirus, the Vesiculovirus and the Orbivirus. Some of these viruses are ... Consequently, field work in form of viral isolation from sandflies and possible reservoirs as well as laboratory work to ...
... the viruses transmitted by Phlebotomine sandflies in Europe (Toscana virus, Sicilian virus, sandfly fever Naples virus) are ... Data on vertebrate reservoirs is sparse for sandfly fever viruses. The factor currently known to limit the spread of diseases ... These sandfly-borne viruses are mainly the Phlebovirus, the Vesiculovirus and the Orbivirus. Some of these viruses are ... Arthropod-borne viruses transmitted by Phlebotomine sandflies in Europe: a review J Depaquit , M Grandadam , F Fouque , PE ...
The nonstructural (NS) protein, which is a major virulence factor for Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), is encoded on the S- ... Rift Valley fever is a mosquito-borne zoonotic disease that affects both ruminants and humans. ... Sandfly fever Naples group (e.g., Toscana virus: TOSV), Sandfly fever Sicilian group (e.g., Sandfly fever Sicilian virus: SFSV ... Most sandfly fever viruses are transmitted by sandfly species within genus Phlebotomus (old world sandflies: Sandfly fever ...
Rous sarcoma virus / immunology. Sandfly fever Naples virus / immunology. Survival Analysis. T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory / ... Comparison of the substrate specificity of the human T-cell leukemia virus and human immunodeficiency virus proteinases. Eur J ... simian immunodeficiency virus and avian sarcoma virus IN, as well as X-ray structures of the core domain of HIV-1, avian ... Cites] Virus Res. 2008 Jun;134(1-2):186-202 [18294720.001]. *[Cites] Expert Opin Emerg Drugs. 2008 Jun;13(2):213-25 [ ...
... sandfly fever virus infections (Sicilian and Naples) and rickettsial diseases has been reported [15]. ... Fortunately Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus was not detected in a collection of 259 Hyalomma marginatum ticks, although ... Afghanistan/Q-fever. World Health Organization information site for IHR national focal points, 7 November 2011 [Internet] (http ... In the fall of 2008 a haemorrhagic fever outbreak occurred in Herat in western Afghanistan, with 60 suspected cases, and IgM of ...
... of which Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus, Rift Valley fever virus, Sin Nombre virus, and sandfly fever Naples virus are ... Virus isolation (one case). Fever, no hospital submission. NR. (. 27. -. 29. ). Sathuperi virus. Asia, Africa. Cattle. Unknown ... Ngari virus. Africa. Humans, unknown. Yes. Outbreaks, virus isolation. Febrile illness, hemorragic fever. NR. (. 36. -. 38. ). ... Ngari virus is a Bunyamwera virus reassortant that can be associated with large outbreaks of hemorrhagic fever in Africa.. J ...
... sandfly fever Naples virus, and sandfly fever Sicilian virus, which belong to the serological complexes sandfly fever Naples ... sandfly fever Naples, and related viruses) and sandfly fever Sicilian serocomplex (comprising sandfly fever Sicilian virus and ... Toscana virus-related viruses, sandfly fever Naples virus-related viruses, and Massilia virus-related viruses have been ... and KBGV or were infected with sandfly fever Sicilian virus (SFSV), sandfly fever Naples virus (SFNV), and Toscana virus (TOSV ...
Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV), sandfly fever Sicilian virus (SFSV), and sandfly fever Naples virus (SFNV) by ... Hemorrhagic Fever Virus, Crimean-Congo Humans Leptospirosis Livestock Male Q Fever Rift Valley Fever Rift Valley Fever Virus ... by standard tube agglutination, and Rift Valley Fever virus (RVFV), ...
Sandfly fever Naples virus, strain IP/SFNV/06/12/2010. Unit: 1 vial (500 µL) Riboviria / Orthornavirae / Negarnaviricota / ... Quantified freeze-dried genomic standard for molecular detection of Sandfly fever sicilian virus, made of an inactivated ... Rift valley fever virus (RVFV) Plasmid for in vitro transcription. The target region of a specific real time assay was ... This Sandly fever Sicilian virus (Historical isolate) is preserved under Viral Storage Medium -80C. ...
Sandfly fever Naples virus (organism) {39982002 , SNOMED-CT } Other Relationships No other relationships present. ...
Freeze-dried Sandfly Fever Naples Virus strain UVE/SFNV/UNK/IT/30451, Italy, partial sequence. ... Quantified freeze-dried genomic standard for molecular detection of Sandfly fever sicilian virus, made of an inactivated ... Filter by Virus host type. *Human virus (14) Apply Human virus filter ... This Sandly fever Sicilian virus (Historical isolate) is preserved under Viral Storage Medium -80C. ...
  • by standard tube agglutination, and Rift Valley Fever virus (RVFV), Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV), sandfly fever Sicilian virus (SFSV), and sandfly fever Naples virus (SFNV) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. (cdc.gov)
  • Sandfly fever Naples virus (SFNV) is an antigenic species of Phlebovirus genus within the Bunyaviridae family. (science-marketplace.org)
  • Toscana virus (TOSV) or Sandfly fever Naples phlebovirus (SFNV) is a member of the genus Phlebovirus of the family Bunyaviridae . (thenativeantigencompany.com)
  • Sandfly-borne phleboviruses (family Bunyaviridae) are endemic in Mediterranean countries, and at least 3 serotypes are associated with disease in humans: TOSV, SFNV, and SFSV. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Toscana phlebovirus (TOSV), Sicilian phlebovirus (SFSV), and Naples phlebovirus (SFNV) are responsible of summer fever, with well-known pathogenic potential for humans ranging from asymptomatic to mild fever, in addition to neuro-invasive infections during summer. (bvsalud.org)
  • Except for the hantaviruses, bunyaviruses in the other four genera are transmitted by arthropods (mosquitoes, culicoid midges, phlebotomine sandflies, or ticks to vertebrates and thrips to plants). (asm.org)
  • Phlebotomine sandflies are known to transmit leishmaniases, bacteria and viruses that affect humans and animals in many countries worldwide. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • In this paper, the viruses transmitted by Phlebotomine sandflies in Europe (Toscana virus, Sicilian virus, sandfly fever Naples virus) are reviewed and their medical importance, geographical distribution, epidemiology and potential spreading discussed. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • Phlebotomine sandflies are vectors of phleboviruses that cause sandfly fever or meningitis with significant implications for public health. (bvsalud.org)
  • Phleboviruses transmitted by phlebotomine sandflies are endemic in the Mediterranean basin. (bvsalud.org)
  • natural infections of phlebotomine sandflies with trypanosomatidae in central and south italy. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • in a survey of leishmania infections of phlebotomine sandflies caught in central and south italy in 1986, zymodeme mon-1 (montpellier 1) of leishmania infantum was isolated from phlebotomus perniciosus and l. tarentolae [= trypanosoma platydactyli? (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • Of 5 such acute-phase sera from patients with serologically verified SF, virus was recovered from 2: 1 strain of SF Sicilian virus and 1 strain of SF Naples virus. (ajtmh.org)
  • All three viruses failed to react with sandfly fever Sicilian virus antisera in recombinant immunofluorescence assays (rIFA), suggesting that the viruses belong to a yet-unknown serogroup. (asm.org)
  • This Sandly fever Sicilian virus (Historical isolate) is freeze dried. (european-virus-archive.com)
  • This Sandly fever Sicilian virus (Historical isolate) is preserved under Viral Storage Medium -80C. (european-virus-archive.com)
  • Quantified freeze-dried genomic standard for molecular detection of Sandfly fever sicilian virus, made of an inactivated culture supernatant of strain Sabin with quantified genomic titre. (european-virus-archive.com)
  • Sandfly fever Sicilian virus isolated from Phlebotomus ariasi sandflies in Algeria. (cdc.gov)
  • The most common viruses associated with human infections are sandfly fever Naples virus, sandfly fever Sicilian virus and Toscana virus, causing a febrile illness known as "pappataci fever" and characterized by fever, myalgia and headache. (atlasofscience.org)
  • Immunity against sandfly fever Naples virus and sandfly fever Sicilian virus was detected in 1% of the samples, most of them collected from subjects over 60 years old. (atlasofscience.org)
  • Accordingly, we suggest to approve Sandfly fever Sicilian virus species consisting of the all aforementioned viruses. (bvsalud.org)
  • Among sand fly-borne viruses, the genus Phlebovirus of the family Phenuiviridae (previously included in the family Bunyaviridae ), is the most important group affecting human and animal health. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The family Bunyaviridae is the largest family of animal viruses and includes many viruses that are known human pathogens. (asmscience.org)
  • A genus of the family Bunyaviridae that causes sandfly fever. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • RVF virus belongs to the Bunyaviridae family, genus Phlebovirus (2). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • El Virus Heartland (HRTV) es un Bunyaviridae, Phlebovirus que ha surgido recientemente en los Estados Unidos y China como el agente causal de una enfermedad humana caracterizada por trombocitopenia y leucopenia. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Intensive study revealed that the agent involved was a phlebovirus of the Bunyaviridae family similar to one recently identified in China called severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus, or SFTSV. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a severe mosquito-borne disease affecting humans and domestic ruminants, caused by a Phlebovirus (Bunyaviridae). (eurosurveillance.org)
  • All those viruses are members of the Simbu serogroup, family Bunyaviridae , genus Orthobunyavirus , and known as arthropod-borne viruses that can cause illness in ruminants ( 9 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The Orthobunyavirus genus comprises over 170 named viruses, including the prototype of the Bunyaviridae family, Bunyamwera virus, as well medically significant viruses such as La Crosse and Oropouche viruses, and pathogens of veterinary importance like Akabane and Cache Valley viruses. (caister.com)
  • The virus life cycle with few exceptions is very similar to that of other members of the Bunyaviridae family. (caister.com)
  • In this chapter, features of the hantavirus life cycle and the virus host cell interaction are highlighted in an attempt to understand what makes hantaviruses among the most important human pathogens of the family Bunyaviridae . (caister.com)
  • Influenza-like febrile viral disease caused by several members of the BUNYAVIRIDAE family and transmitted mostly by the bloodsucking sandfly Phlebotomus papatasii. (harvard.edu)
  • Characterization of the Sandfly fever Naples species complex and description of a new Karimabad species complex (genus Phlebovirus, family Bunyaviridae). (harvard.edu)
  • The clinical diseases produced in humans range from acute febrile illnesses, such as sandfly fever, to more distinct clinical syndromes such as California encephalitis (CE), Rift Valley fever (RVF), Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF), hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), and the recently recognized hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS), which is also referred to as hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. (asmscience.org)
  • Most human cases are characterized with self-limiting febrile illness, and less than 8 % of patients develop a more severe form of the disease, such as hemorrhagic fever, encephalitis, or retinitis. (biomedcentral.com)
  • A new molecular assay (Viral CNS Flow Chip kit, Master Diagnóstica, Spain) has been developed for the detection of eight viruses causing acute meningitis and encephalitis, i.e. herpes simplex viruses 1-2, varicella zoster virus, human enterovirus, human parechovirus, Toscana virus, human cytomegalovirus and Epstein Barr virus. (usda.gov)
  • The virus causes a febrile illness called pappataci-fever (or Sandfly-fever) but can also cause neurological disease including aseptic meningitis, encephalitis or meningoencephalitis. (thenativeantigencompany.com)
  • the buoyant densities of western equine encephalomyelitis virus (an alphavirus) and tick-borne encephalitis (tbe) virus (a flavivirus) antigens prepared by different methods were studied. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • the antigenic determinants of st. louis encephalitis, japanese encephalitis, and dengue virus envelope and nucleocapsid proteins were examined by solid-phase competition radioimmunoassay. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • this schu virus belongs to the tick-borne encephalitis complex of the genus flavivirus (togaviridae). (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • Other viral diseases like epidemic polyarthritis , Rift Valley fever , Ross River fever , St. Louis encephalitis , West Nile fever , Japanese encephalitis , La Crosse encephalitis and several other encephalitic diseases are carried by several different mosquitoes . (bingj.com)
  • Fleas and ticks can carry pathogenic organisms that infect a person with Lyme disease , tick-borne encephalitis , and Rocky mountain spotted fever . (wikiyy.com)
  • The Tiger Mosquito, Aedes albopictus , for example, is a prolific breeder in man-made environments and a vector for several diseases including dengue, West Nile fever and Japanese encephalitis. (rentokil.com.hk)
  • Recently, Balkan virus (BALKV, family Phenuiviridae , genus Phlebovirus ) was discovered in sand flies collected in Albania and genetically characterised as a member of the Sandfly fever Naples species complex. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Each was genetically related to any of the three following groups (based on antigenic relationships): Sandfly fever Naples species, Salehabad and Sandfly fever Sicilian/ Corfou virus group. (biomedcentral.com)
  • a fifth putative phlebovirus, related to the sand fly fever Naples phlebovirus species, was also detected. (biomedcentral.com)
  • According to the phylogenetic analysis of complete genome sequences, the TOSV belongs to clade A, together with other Italian isolates, while the Ponticelli viruses fall within the Salehabad phlebovirus species. (biomedcentral.com)
  • According to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses [ 5 ], the genus Phlebovirus includes ten viral species in the Old World and the Americas. (biomedcentral.com)
  • and Grand Arbaud virus , Precarious Point virus , and Manawa virus would each be given individual species status. (asm.org)
  • Phylogenetic trees based on nucleotide (A) and amino acid (B) sequences in the nucleoprotein gene of phleboviruses within the species Sandfly fever Naples virus. (nih.gov)
  • The agent of sandfly fever 'Sandfly fever virus (SFV)' is classified in the phlebovirus species which is an enveloped RNA virus belonging to the bunyavirus group from the arbovirus family. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Names of viruses (the physical things you work with in the lab or that make you sick) are written differently than the names of species and other taxa (logical constructs that help us categorize viruses). (ictvonline.org)
  • Members of the species West Nile virus are arboviruses. (ictvonline.org)
  • The species Sandfly fever Naples phlebovirus has many diverse member viruses. (ictvonline.org)
  • A new bacteriophage, belonging to the species Salmonella virus SP6 , has been isolated. (ictvonline.org)
  • A virus name should never be italicized, even when it includes the name of a host species or genus, and should be written in lower case. (ictvonline.org)
  • In most texts, virus names are used much more frequently than species names and may, therefore, be abbreviated. (ictvonline.org)
  • The order Picornavirales includes viruses infecting hosts of a range of species. (ictvonline.org)
  • A species in the genus PHLEBOVIRUS causing PHLEBOTOMUS FEVER, an influenza-like illness. (bvsalud.org)
  • They are emerging viruses, and both the number of different hantavirus species discovered, and the amount of human infections are increasing. (caister.com)
  • TOSV is an arthropod-borne virus that is transmitted by sandfly of the Phlebotomus species, including Phlebotomus perniciosus and Phlebotomus perfiliewi . (thenativeantigencompany.com)
  • We found that 2 phleboviruses belonging to the Sandfly fever Naples virus species, TOSV and Punique virus, are cocirculating in northern Tunisia. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • From these tumors the virus was isolated and determined to be its own species of virus. (readtiger.com)
  • Currently, he is studying why some pathogens are particularly likely to jump between species and spread, and using metagenomic technology to discover novel viruses and determine the possible microbial cause of disease syndromes (e.g. emerging tick-borne disease in Australia). (edu.au)
  • Sera from 637 Athens residents of various age groups were examined by plaque reduction neutralization test for antibodies against Naples and Sicilian Phlebotomus fever viruses. (ajtmh.org)
  • New information on the specificity and duration of Phlebotomus fever neutralizing antibodies is also presented. (ajtmh.org)
  • Phlebotomus Fever" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings) . (harvard.edu)
  • This graph shows the total number of publications written about "Phlebotomus Fever" by people in Harvard Catalyst Profiles by year, and whether "Phlebotomus Fever" was a major or minor topic of these publication. (harvard.edu)
  • Below are the most recent publications written about "Phlebotomus Fever" by people in Profiles. (harvard.edu)
  • Yellow fever and dengue: a threat to Europe? (eurosurveillance.org)
  • The history of yellow fever and dengue in temperate regions confirms that transmission of both diseases could recur, particularly if Ae. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • Recent demographic and climatic changes have led to a greater spread of arboviruses such as Dengue, Chikungunya, Zika, West Nile and new influenza virus subtypes, as well as to an increased risk of new infections or reactivation of persistent ones, including herpes infections. (vismederi.com)
  • Sin embargo, la realidad de la posible cocirculacion de dengue y COVID-19, en las Américas y en el mundo, impone nuevos desafíos para el tratamiento de casos que requieren atención inmediata. (bvsalud.org)
  • the effect of tilorone hydrochloride on experimental infections of mice with west nile, langat and dengue type 2 viruses were studied. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • the drug significantly reduced the mortality after intraperitoneal inoculation of west nile virus, but failed to affect intracerebral infection with langat or dengue viruses. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • chemically-induced temperature sensitive mutants of dengue virus type 2. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • temperature sensitive (ts) mutants of dengue virus type 2 (den-2, th-36 isolate) were induced by replication in primary hamster kidney cells treated with 5-azacytidine. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • The viral diseases yellow fever , dengue fever , Zika fever and chikungunya are transmitted mostly by Aedes aegypti mosquitoes . (bingj.com)
  • Dengue fever cases, for example, have multiplied 30 times over five decades as urbanisation has spread in developing countries. (rentokil.com.hk)
  • He has studied the emergence and spread of avian influenza virus, dengue virus, HIV, hepatitis C virus, myxoma virus, RHDV and Yersinia pestis . (edu.au)
  • The peak incidence occurs in warm months, especially August, when the Phlebotomus papatasi sandfly vectors, which transmit the virus during blood feeding, are most active. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each sequence used shows GenBank accession number followed by name of the virus according to the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses and the corresponding strain. (cdc.gov)
  • Uukuniemi virus strain S23, the prototype of the latter group, was originally isolated in 1960 from a pool of Ixodes ricinus ticks collected in southern Finland ( 6 ). (asm.org)
  • Sequence information corresponds to virus/country of origin/strain/GenBank accession no/host. (nih.gov)
  • This Toscana virus (strain ISS Phl.3) is freez dried. (european-virus-archive.com)
  • This Toscana virus (strain ISS Phl.3) is preserved under Viral Storage Medium -80C. (european-virus-archive.com)
  • Freeze-dried Arbia virus strain UVE/ARBV/UNK/IT/Phl.35 M6, Italy, partial sequence. (european-virus-archive.com)
  • Quantified freeze-dried genomic standard for molecular detection of Toscana virus, made of an inactivated culture supernatant of strain MRS2010 4319501 with quantified genomic titre. (european-virus-archive.com)
  • Single letters in virus names, including alphanumerical strain designations, may be capitalized. (ictvonline.org)
  • Sequences are identified by virus name or acronym, strain name, and GenBank accession number. (cdc.gov)
  • The nonstructural (NS) protein, which is a major virulence factor for Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), is encoded on the S-segment. (biomedcentral.com)
  • According to the Eighth Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses, phleboviruses are classified into 9 serocomplexes (1), 1 of which includes Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV), a deadly pathogen for cattle and humans. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • It is related to the Naples and Toscana viruses, which also cause sandfly fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phylogenetic analysis of Toscana virus (TOSV) strains. (cdc.gov)
  • Toscana virus (TOSV), an arthropodborne phlebovirus transmitted by sandflies, can cause febrile illness and meningitis. (nih.gov)
  • We detected TOSV RNA in 2 (female Phlebotomus perniciosus) of 61 pools of sandflies captured in southeastern France. (nih.gov)
  • Phylogenetic analysis of 3 segments of Toscana virus (TOSV) isolates from pools of sandflies collected in Tunisia and homologous sequences of other selected phleboviruses. (cdc.gov)
  • The virus is a significant cause of aseptic meningitis in endemic areas and the disease caused by TOSV is prevalent during the summer months when the sandfly is most abundant. (thenativeantigencompany.com)
  • TOSV is an enveloped, single-stranded, negative-sense RNA virus. (thenativeantigencompany.com)
  • Two genotypes of TOSV have been identified, which are referred to as lineage A and lineage B. However, some reports suggest that there may be additional lineages of the virus in circulation ( Cusi, MG ). (thenativeantigencompany.com)
  • Since the virus was first isolated from sandfly in 1971, no bird or small mammal reservoir has been reliably identified, suggesting that infected sandfly may act as vector and reservoir for TOSV. (thenativeantigencompany.com)
  • The disease caused by TOSV is prevalent during the summer months when the sandfly is most abundant ( Charrel, RN ). (thenativeantigencompany.com)
  • Diagnosis of TOSV in humans is achieved using molecular methods to detect the virus or serological methods to measure Toscana virus specific IgM levels in infected patients. (thenativeantigencompany.com)
  • Consequently, field work in form of viral isolation from sandflies and possible reservoirs as well as laboratory work to establish vectorial competence of colonised sandflies need to be encouraged in a near future, and epidemiological surveillance should be undertaken throughout the European Union. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • Rift Valley fever (RVF) is a zoonotic viral disease transmitted by mosquitoes. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Equine viral arteritis (EVA) is a disease of horses caused by an RNA virus of the genus Arterivirus. (science-marketplace.org)
  • When a complete virus particle ( virion ) comes in contact with a host cell, only the viral nucleic acid and, in some viruses, a few enzymes are injected into the host cell. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Within the host cell the genetic material of a DNA virus is replicated and transcribed into messenger RNA by host cell enzymes, and proteins coded for by viral genes are synthesized by host cell ribosomes. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Some of these may already have been present within the initial virus, and others may be coded for by the viral genome for production within the host cell. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Because host cells do not have the ability to replicate "viral RNA" but are able to transcribe messenger RNA, RNA viruses must contain enzymes to produce genetic material for new virions. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • For certain viruses the RNA is replicated by a viral enzyme ( transcriptase ) contained in the virion, or produced by the host cell using the viral RNA as a messenger. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In other viruses a reverse transcriptase contained in the virion transcribes the genetic message on the viral RNA into DNA, which is then replicated by the host cell. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • In viruses that have membranes, membrane-bound viral proteins are synthesized by the host cell and move, like host cell membrane proteins, to the cell surface. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • An acute viral infection, transmitted by the fly Phlebotomus papatosii and characterized by fever, pains in the head and eyes, inflammation of the conjunctiva, leukopenia, and general malaise. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • This progeny genome RNA upon packaging by viral proteins bud out as mature virus particles. (ipfs.io)
  • His interest in the emergence and spread of novel viral infections began in the late 1980s/early 1990s, as this was a time of the highest rates of HIV-associated deaths and when hepatitis C virus was first identified. (edu.au)
  • The teratogenic effects in ruminants are hypothesized to reflect virus circulation in late summer/early autumn 2011, leading to intrauterine infection with SBV during a specific period of gestation ( 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • A hypothesis is proposed whereby repeated arthropod or sandfly vector infection of humans by novel viruses of zoonotic origins carrying bat or mammalian RNA/DNA, such as phleboviruses may have resulted in the development of an effective evolutionary immune response to most novel zoonotic viruses such as SARS-CoV-2 by means of survival of the fittest possibly over many generations. (cdc.gov)
  • Nevertheless, in many cases the infection is asymptomatic, leading to underestimation of the actual spread of the virus. (atlasofscience.org)
  • A study was conducted to estimate the presence of antibodies against Toscana virus in the population of Siena (Tuscany, Central Italy) and Bari (Apulia, Southern Italy) between 2013 and 2015, in order to include also the subjects that have contracted asymptomatic infection and therefore estimate the actual circulation of the virus among the population. (atlasofscience.org)
  • While residents in endemic areas could be better protected from neurological infections, owing to repeated exposure to the virus boosting immunity, pathogenicity is higher in subjects who come from non-endemic areas, because they are more susceptible to infection in later life as they do not have previously acquired immunity. (atlasofscience.org)
  • while only one recent infection for each of RVF, SFS and SFN [0.38%] and three cases of SIN viruses were detected. (bvsalud.org)
  • Background: Monitoring the adaptive immune responses during the natural course of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection provides useful information for the development of vaccination strategies against this virus and its emerging variants. (bvsalud.org)
  • [3] The tumors are visible within 4-5 days after infection of the virus. (readtiger.com)
  • [3] Currently the best known treatment for the virus is the removal of the cutaneous tumors and subsequent treatment with antibiotics to prevent infection of the open wounds. (readtiger.com)
  • Bwamba fever presents itself as a severe, but benign generalised infection of short duration, usually only lasting four to five days. (readtiger.com)
  • Seroconversion was associated with clinical disease in 7 out of 7, 2 out of 3, and 0 out of 1 for SF Sicilian, SF Naples, and Toscana infections, respectively. (ajtmh.org)
  • Sandfly-transmitted phleboviruses (family Phenuiviridae , order Bunyavirales ) are associated with febrile illness and infections of the nervous system in humans. (asm.org)
  • Importantly, our findings suggest that diseases associated with sandfly-borne phlebovirus infections may also affect the Kenyan population. (asm.org)
  • The novel viruses are related to the two medically important serocomplexes, sandfly fever Naples and sandfly fever Sicilian, that are associated with febrile illness and neuroinvasive infections and which were previously not known to occur in sub-Saharan Africa. (asm.org)
  • The geographical distribution of Phlebotomus sand-flies and the relative distribution of arthropod borne diseases Leishmaniasis and Phlebovirus infections especially the Sicilian Sandfly fever group corresponds to most areas of low prevalence of SARS-CoV-2. (cdc.gov)
  • The data generated will be used to reveal some of the fundamental roles of virus ecology and evolution, and understand the measurable impact of the novel infections on public and animal health. (edu.au)
  • At present, the genus Phlebovirus is comprised of approximately 70 named viruses that are classified, based on their antigenic, genomic, and vector relationships, into two groups: the Sandfly fever group and the Uukuniemi group ( 1 ). (asm.org)
  • Bartonella bacilliformis, and the Pappataci fever virus (SANDFLY FEVER NAPLES VIRUS). (fpnotebook.com)
  • Catalogue of arthropod-borne viruses of the world. (atcc.org)
  • IMPORTANCE Studies on the genetic diversity of arthropod-borne viruses circulating in rural regions can provide critical early indications on new emerging viruses essential for global epidemic preparedness. (asm.org)
  • In this study, we describe the discovery of four phleboviruses in sandflies from the Kenyan Rift Valley. (asm.org)
  • Therefore to further our understand of the presence and potential medical importance of sandfly-borne phleboviruses that circulate in southern Anatolia, we initiated field campaigns in 2012 and 2013 designed to identify, isolate and characterise phleboviruses in sandflies in this region. (bvsalud.org)
  • The virus is a significant cause of aseptic meningitis in endemic areas. (thenativeantigencompany.com)
  • [1] Bwamba fever is endemic in several African countries, including Mozambique , Tanzania and Uganda , where the virus was initially discovered. (readtiger.com)
  • Within each genus, viruses share similar segment and structural protein sizes and characteristic terminal sequences at the 3′ and 5′ ends of each segment. (asm.org)
  • The SFF virus is a member of the Phlebovirus genus of the Bunyaviridac family/' Three serotypes are generally recognized: Toscana, Naples, and Sicilian. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Other words only begin with a capital if they are proper nouns (including host genus names but not virus genus names**) or alphabetical identifiers. (ictvonline.org)
  • The first letters of words in a virus name, including the first word, should only begin with a capital when these words are proper nouns (including host genus names but not virus genus names) or start a sentence. (ictvonline.org)
  • The Phlebovirus genus consists of two main groups, the Sandfly. (science-marketplace.org)
  • Mouse hepatitis virus is a virus of the family Coronaviridae, genus Betacoronavirus. (science-marketplace.org)
  • Members of the Hantavirus genus can be broadly divided into the Old World hantaviruses, which cause hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), and the New World hantaviruses, which cause hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). (caister.com)
  • Note the virus list is broken down to genus level classification and only contains BSL3 non select agent pathogens. (cdc.gov)
  • BACKGROUND: Biting midges of the genus Culicoides Latreille (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are involved in the transmission of several viruses affecting humans and livestock, particularly bluetongue (BTV). (usda.gov)
  • Bwamba Fever virus (BWAV) belongs to the genus Orthobunyavirus and the order Bunyavirales RNA viruses. (readtiger.com)
  • Such a complex situation emphasizes the need for detailed investigations of the biology of these viruses to better characterize their pathogenic potential for mammals, including humans. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Rift Valley fever is a mosquito-borne zoonotic disease that affects both ruminants and humans. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Genetic characterization showed that the virus is closely related to 2 newly discovered tick-borne zoonotic phleboviruses (SFTSV and HRTV) that were responsible for severe disease and death in humans in 4 separate countries in Asia and North America. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Chandipura virus ( CHPV ) is a member of the Rhabdoviridae family that is associated with an encephalitic illness in humans. (ipfs.io)
  • [3] This virus is transmittable to humans and has been transmitted in the past through handling of the monkeys, the symptoms are generally the same observed in the monkeys. (readtiger.com)
  • [5] There have only been a few cases of the virus transmitting to humans, with little documentation. (readtiger.com)
  • Bwamba fever virus is transmitted to humans through mosquito bites. (readtiger.com)
  • Sandfly fever is a nonfatal influenza-like illness. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Murine coronavirus, Mouse hepatitis virus (MHV), is a coronavirus that causes an epidemic murine illness with high mortality, especially among colonies of labora. (science-marketplace.org)
  • Owing that most of these viruses have been identified in human patients with febrile illness, DASHV should be considered as a potential human pathogen in Iran. (bvsalud.org)
  • In 1937, Bwamba fever was first recognized as a clinical illness among construction workers building a road to Bwamba County, Western Uganda, present day Bundibugyo District . (readtiger.com)
  • The prevalence of Naples and Sicilian neutralizing antibodies among residents ⩾30 years of age was 36% and 13%, respectively. (ajtmh.org)
  • In contrast, only 4% of persons ⩽29 years of age had Naples antibodies and all were negative to Sicilian. (ajtmh.org)
  • Sera were tested for presence of specific antibodies to sand fly fever (SF) Sicilian, SF Naples, and Toscana viruses by both indirect immunofluorescence antibody test (IFT) and plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT). (ajtmh.org)
  • Results show that almost 27% of the population of Siena has antibodies against Toscana virus. (atlasofscience.org)
  • Neutralizing Antibodies to Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome Virus 4 Years after Hospitalization, China. (harvard.edu)
  • The animal reservoir includes birds, monkeys and donkeys, which have been found to possess antibodies to Bwamba virus. (readtiger.com)
  • Mosquito-borne diseases or mosquito-borne illnesses are diseases caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites transmitted by mosquitoes . (bingj.com)
  • Viruses carried by arthropods such as mosquitoes or ticks are known collectively as arboviruses . (bingj.com)
  • Although limited sequence similarity was detected between current members of the Uukuniemi group and Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) and Heartland virus , a clear serological reaction was observed between some of them, indicating that SFTSV and Heartland virus should be considered part of the Uukuniemi virus group. (asm.org)
  • Symptoms of meningitis Meningitis is commonly manifested by: severe headache vomiting high fever stiffness of the neck sensitivity and eye pain on exposure to light skin rash [news-medical.net] fever or CRP elevation. (symptoma.com)
  • Rift Valley fever virus and Uukuniemi virus). (biomedcentral.com)
  • In this report, the serologic and phylogenetic relationships of the Uukuniemi group viruses and their relationships with other recently characterized tick-borne phleboviruses are described using full-length genome sequences. (asm.org)
  • Finally, the recent descriptions of SFTSV and Heartland virus also indicate that the public health importance of the Uukuniemi group viruses must be reevaluated. (asm.org)
  • Uukuniemi viruses (UUKV) are transmitted by ticks. (asm.org)
  • the method was successfully employed in detection of antigen of viruses in the bunyavirus, bunyavirus-like, flavivirus, orbivirus, and rhabdovirus groups, and/or of antibody to these agents. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • It is an enveloped RNA virus with a tripartite genome (S, M and L segments. (science-marketplace.org)
  • Chandipura virus is an enveloped RNA virus with an approximate genome length of ~11 kb. (ipfs.io)
  • Bwamba Fever virus (BWAV) has a negative sense single stranded RNA (ssRNA) genome, and so is classified as a class V virus under the Baltimore classification system. (readtiger.com)
  • Data on vertebrate reservoirs is sparse for sandfly fever viruses. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • Finally we review the differences in virus replication in vertebrate and invertebrate cells. (caister.com)
  • transmission of kyasanur forest disease virus by rhipicephalus haemaphysaloides ticks. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • the isolation of saumarez reef virus, a new flavivirus, from bird ticks ornithodoros capensis and ixodes eudyptidis in australia. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • strains of a new flavivirus, for which the name saumarez reef virus is proposed, were isolated from seabird ticks collected from four localities. (liverpool.ac.uk)
  • ABSTRACT This review gathers together the most recent researches carried out on Chikungunya and Zika viruses in the American continent, and states the possible emergency of new arboviruses. (bvsalud.org)
  • LOBV, PERV, and EMBV showed low similarity to known phleboviruses, with less than 55% pairwise amino acid identities in the RNA-directed RNA polymerase (RdRp) proteins, and defined a highly diversified monophyletic clade in sister relationship to the sandfly fever Sicilian serocomplex. (asm.org)
  • Investigational strategies include DNA vaccination for pathogenic hantaviruses, including Hantaan virus and ADNV. (asmscience.org)
  • In a sensitivity test involving all chikungunya serotypes and various alphaviruses, flaviviruses, and one phlebovirus , the RT-RPA assay identified all virus genotypes, with the only cross-reaction occurring with O'nyong'nyong virus. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • RESUMEN En esta revisión se recogen las más recientes investigaciones sobre los virus de chikungunya y del zika en el continente americano y la posible emergencia de nuevos arbovirus. (bvsalud.org)
  • En el brote de chikungunya ocurrido en las Américas se han descrito la fiebre, poli artralgia, mialgia y salpullido como los síntomas más comunes en la fase aguda, mientras la artralgia crónico ha persistido en 37-90 % de cohortes pequeñas. (bvsalud.org)
  • El origen asiático de las cepas americanas de virus del chikungunya y del zika evidencian una ruta de la diseminación en común y ambos trasmitidos por el aedes aegypti. (bvsalud.org)
  • Los virus de chikungunya y zika, se transmite por el aedes aegypti, y se han convertido en un serio problema de salud principalmente por la falta de vacuna y los métodos eficaces para el control del vector. (bvsalud.org)
  • The most commonly described symptoms of the chikungunya outbreak in the American continent are fever, polyarthralgia, myalgia and rash in the acute stage, while chronic arthralgia has persisted in 37-90 % of the little cohorts. (bvsalud.org)
  • Some of these viruses are associated with outbreaks or human cases in the Mediterranean Europe. (eurosurveillance.org)
  • Sandfly fever viruses are widely distributed in the Mediterranean basin, where they are transmitted by the bite of sandflies in the breeding season. (atlasofscience.org)
  • Rift Valley fever virus which in the past, was responsible for dramatic zoonosis only in Africa, has spread to Saudi Arabia and Yemen in 2000 and other phleboviruses such as Toscana virus or sandfly fever viruses Sicilian or Naples are now widely circulating in the Mediterranean basin. (caister.com)
  • Charrel RN, Bichaud L, de Lamballerie X.2012.Emergence of Toscana virus in the Mediterranean area. (thenativeantigencompany.com)
  • BACKGROUND: Many studies have presented virus sequences which suggest the existence of a variety of putative new phleboviruses transmitted by sandflies in the Old World. (bvsalud.org)
  • Sicilian phlebovirus is a phlebovirus associated with sandfly fever. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mopeia virus is a member of the family Arenaviridae of enveloped single-stranded RNA viruses and is related to other Old World arenaviruses, including Lassa and Lujo hemorrhagic fever viruses and lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV). (science-marketplace.org)
  • Hyperferritinemia as a Diagnostic Marker for Severe Fever with Thrombocytopenia Syndrome. (harvard.edu)
  • Virus isolation was attempted on acute-phase sera collected from febrile patients. (ajtmh.org)
  • A total of 11,302 sandflies were collected and grouped into 797 pools which were tested for the presence of phleboviruses using specific primers for RT-PCR analysis and also cell culture methods for virus isolation. (bvsalud.org)
  • Enteric viruses are important causative agents of human diseases. (bvsalud.org)
  • These serologic data confirm previous clinical observations that sandfly fever became uncommon in Athens after initiation of the insecticide spraying program. (ajtmh.org)
  • The virus, named Schmallenberg virus (SBV), was isolated from blood of affected cattle, and similar clinical manifestations were observed in experimentally infected calves ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Some viruses do not produce rapid lysis of host cells, but rather remain latent for long periods in the host before the appearance of clinical symptoms. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • [ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this study, we present a case of Q fever from the western part of Turkey mimicking Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in terms of clinical and laboratory findings. (symptoma.com)
  • In contrast, KBGV was closely related to Toscana virus (84% identity of RdRp proteins) and shared a most recent common ancestor with the clade comprising sandfly fever Naples and Toscana viruses. (asm.org)
  • Related serotypes include Toscana virus and Tehran virus. (bvsalud.org)
  • Mouse monoclonal antibody prepared against the H1 hemagglutinin (HA) of influenza virus A/South Carolina/1/1918 (H1N1) was purified from clone 5D3 hybridoma supernatant by protein G affinity chromatography. (atcc.org)
  • The only sandfly fever virus known to be neurotropic is Toscana virus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cocirculation of 2 genotypes of Toscana virus, southeastern France. (nih.gov)
  • Of 298 serum pairs available, seroconversion was noted in 11 soldiers: 7 cases for SF Sicilian, 3 for SF Naples, and 1 for Toscana virus. (ajtmh.org)
  • KBGV reacted with sandfly fever Naples and Toscana virus antisera in rIFA. (asm.org)
  • Cusi MG, Savellini GG, Zanelli G.2010.Toscana virus epidemiology: from Italy to beyond. (thenativeantigencompany.com)
  • In Italy, Toscana virus is mainly found in the central regions, but it has also been observed in the south. (atlasofscience.org)
  • This study shows that Tuscany is still an area of high circulation of Toscana virus, while in Apulia the virus seems to be somewhat rare. (atlasofscience.org)
  • Thus, it is necessary to continue monitoring the spread of Toscana virus in these areas, in order to assess the risk for the health of both residents and tourist. (atlasofscience.org)
  • Chandipura virus has been isolated from sandflies in India and West Africa [4] and is probably spread through its bite. (ipfs.io)
  • The emergence of Schmallenberg virus (SBV), a novel orthobunyavirus, in ruminants in Europe triggered a joint veterinary and public health response to address the possible consequences to human health. (cdc.gov)
  • It is caused by Feline Infectious Peritonitis Virus (FIPV), which is a mutation of Feline Enteric Coronavirus (FECV) - (Feline Coronavirus FCoV). (science-marketplace.org)
  • Among the enteric viruses, reoviruses and enteroviruses are prevalent in various aquatic environments. (bvsalud.org)
  • Nine strains, all from human beings and all identical with each other, were designated Bwamba fever virus. (readtiger.com)
  • Bwamba fever virus [is] believed to be hitherto unknown. (readtiger.com)
  • Con respecto al zika de fiebre y la asociación de malformaciones congénitas y la transmisión sexual es uno de los descubrimientos más importantes en el Nuevo Mundo. (bvsalud.org)