Dental Caries: Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp.Saliva: The clear, viscous fluid secreted by the SALIVARY GLANDS and mucous glands of the mouth. It contains MUCINS, water, organic salts, and ptylin.Dental Caries Susceptibility: The predisposition to tooth decay (DENTAL CARIES).DMF Index: "Decayed, missing and filled teeth," a routinely used statistical concept in dentistry.Dental Caries Activity Tests: Diagnostic tests conducted in order to measure the increment of active DENTAL CARIES over a period of time.Dental Care: The total of dental diagnostic, preventive, and restorative services provided to meet the needs of a patient (from Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982).Streptococcus mutans: A polysaccharide-producing species of STREPTOCOCCUS isolated from human dental plaque.Root Caries: Dental caries involving the tooth root, cementum, or cervical area of the tooth.Diet, Cariogenic: A diet that contributes to the development and advancement of DENTAL CARIES.Dental Plaque: A film that attaches to teeth, often causing DENTAL CARIES and GINGIVITIS. It is composed of MUCINS, secreted from salivary glands, and microorganisms.Oral Hygiene: The practice of personal hygiene of the mouth. It includes the maintenance of oral cleanliness, tissue tone, and general preservation of oral health.Tooth, Deciduous: The teeth of the first dentition, which are shed and replaced by the permanent teeth.Cariostatic Agents: Substances that inhibit or arrest DENTAL CARIES formation. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Education, Dental: Use for articles concerning dental education in general.Toothbrushing: The act of cleaning teeth with a brush to remove plaque and prevent tooth decay. (From Webster, 3d ed)Fluoridation: Practice of adding fluoride to water for the purpose of preventing tooth decay and cavities.Pit and Fissure Sealants: Agents used to occlude dental enamel pits and fissures in the prevention of dental caries.Schools, Dental: Educational institutions for individuals specializing in the field of dentistry.Dental Care for Children: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of children, including the prevention of tooth diseases and instruction in dental hygiene and dental health. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Fluorosis, Dental: A chronic endemic form of hypoplasia of the dental enamel caused by drinking water with a high fluorine content during the time of tooth formation, and characterized by defective calcification that gives a white chalky appearance to the enamel, which gradually undergoes brown discoloration. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Students, Dental: Individuals enrolled a school of dentistry or a formal educational program in leading to a degree in dentistry.Dental Restoration, Permanent: A restoration designed to remain in service for not less than 20 to 30 years, usually made of gold casting, cohesive gold, or amalgam. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Cariogenic Agents: Substances that promote DENTAL CARIES.Toothpastes: Dentifrices that are formulated into a paste form. They typically contain abrasives, HUMECTANTS; DETERGENTS; FLAVORING AGENTS; and CARIOSTATIC AGENTS.Oral Health: The optimal state of the mouth and normal functioning of the organs of the mouth without evidence of disease.Dental Clinics: Facilities where dental care is provided to patients.Insurance, Dental: Insurance providing coverage for dental care.Fluorides, Topical: Fluorides, usually in pastes or gels, used for topical application to reduce the incidence of DENTAL CARIES.Fluorides: Inorganic salts of hydrofluoric acid, HF, in which the fluorine atom is in the -1 oxidation state. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed) Sodium and stannous salts are commonly used in dentifrices.Health Education, Dental: Education which increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of dental health on a personal or community basis.Dentition, Permanent: The 32 teeth of adulthood that either replace or are added to the complement of deciduous teeth. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Dental Health Surveys: A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to dental or oral health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.Streptococcus sobrinus: A species of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria isolated from the human tooth surface. Strains have been shown to be cariogenic in experimental animals and may be associated with human dental caries.Dental Health Services: Services designed to promote, maintain, or restore dental health.Dental Care for Chronically Ill: Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.Dental Research: The study of laws, theories, and hypotheses through a systematic examination of pertinent facts and their interpretation in the field of dentistry. (From Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982, p674)Dental Pulp: A richly vascularized and innervated connective tissue of mesodermal origin, contained in the central cavity of a tooth and delimited by the dentin, and having formative, nutritive, sensory, and protective functions. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Oral Hygiene Index: A combination of the debris index and the dental calculus index to determine the status of oral hygiene.Dental Care for Aged: The giving of attention to the special dental needs of the elderly for proper maintenance or treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.School Dentistry: Preventive dental services provided for students in primary and secondary schools.Dental Enamel: A hard thin translucent layer of calcified substance which envelops and protects the dentin of the crown of the tooth. It is the hardest substance in the body and is almost entirely composed of calcium salts. Under the microscope, it is composed of thin rods (enamel prisms) held together by cementing substance, and surrounded by an enamel sheath. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p286)Dental Hygienists: Persons trained in an accredited school or dental college and licensed by the state in which they reside to provide dental prophylaxis under the direction of a licensed dentist.Molar: The most posterior teeth on either side of the jaw, totaling eight in the deciduous dentition (2 on each side, upper and lower), and usually 12 in the permanent dentition (three on each side, upper and lower). They are grinding teeth, having large crowns and broad chewing surfaces. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p821)Faculty, Dental: The teaching staff and members of the administrative staff having academic rank in a dental school.Periodontal Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PERIODONTIUM including the gum (GINGIVA), the alveolar bone (ALVEOLAR PROCESS), the DENTAL CEMENTUM, and the PERIODONTAL LIGAMENT.Tooth Loss: The failure to retain teeth as a result of disease or injury.Dental Care for Disabled: Dental care for the emotionally, mentally, or physically disabled patient. It does not include dental care for the chronically ill ( = DENTAL CARE FOR CHRONICALLY ILL).Dental Fissures: Deep grooves or clefts in the surface of teeth equivalent to class 1 cavities in Black's classification of dental caries.Preventive Dentistry: The branch of dentistry concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance and promotion of oral health.Dental Anxiety: Abnormal fear or dread of visiting the dentist for preventive care or therapy and unwarranted anxiety over dental procedures.Saliva, Artificial: A solution used for irrigating the mouth in xerostomia and as a substitute for saliva.Salivary Proteins and Peptides: Proteins and peptides found in SALIVA and the SALIVARY GLANDS. Some salivary proteins such as ALPHA-AMYLASES are enzymes, but their composition varies in different individuals.Tooth: One of a set of bone-like structures in the mouth used for biting and chewing.Radiography, Dental: Radiographic techniques used in dentistry.General Practice, Dental: Nonspecialized dental practice which is concerned with providing primary and continuing dental care.Tooth Remineralization: Therapeutic technique for replacement of minerals in partially decalcified teeth.Dental Auxiliaries: Personnel whose work is prescribed and supervised by the dentist.Mouth: The oval-shaped oral cavity located at the apex of the digestive tract and consisting of two parts: the vestibule and the oral cavity proper.Dental Amalgam: An alloy used in restorative dentistry that contains mercury, silver, tin, copper, and possibly zinc.Dental Arch: The curve formed by the row of TEETH in their normal position in the JAW. The inferior dental arch is formed by the mandibular teeth, and the superior dental arch by the maxillary teeth.Dental Records: Data collected during dental examination for the purpose of study, diagnosis, or treatment planning.Dental Offices: The room or rooms in which the dentist and dental staff provide care. Offices include all rooms in the dentist's office suite.Dental Plaque Index: An index which scores the degree of dental plaque accumulation.Transillumination: Passage of light through body tissues or cavities for examination of internal structures.Tooth DiseasesDentin: The hard portion of the tooth surrounding the pulp, covered by enamel on the crown and cementum on the root, which is harder and denser than bone but softer than enamel, and is thus readily abraded when left unprotected. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992)Chewing Gum: A preparation of chicle, sometimes mixed with other plastic substances, sweetened and flavored. It is masticated usually for pleasure as a candy substitute but it sometimes acts as a vehicle for the administration of medication.Tooth Demineralization: A tooth's loss of minerals, such as calcium in hydroxyapatite from the tooth matrix, caused by acidic exposure. An example of the occurrence of demineralization is in the formation of dental caries.Mouthwashes: Solutions for rinsing the mouth, possessing cleansing, germicidal, or palliative properties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Toothache: Pain in the adjacent areas of the teeth.Dentists: Individuals licensed to practice DENTISTRY.Tooth Extraction: The surgical removal of a tooth. (Dorland, 28th ed)Dietary Sucrose: Sucrose present in the diet. It is added to food and drinks as a sweetener.Dental Staff: Personnel who provide dental service to patients in an organized facility, institution or agency.Dental Equipment: The nonexpendable items used by the dentist or dental staff in the performance of professional duties. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p106)Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment: Treatment modality for DENTAL CARIES that uses manual excavation method and GLASS IONOMER CEMENTS. Because of its noninvasiveness and no need for expensive equipment and anesthesia it is promoted as an approach in places where dental care is not readily available.Mouth, Edentulous: Total lack of teeth through disease or extraction.Dental Service, Hospital: Hospital department providing dental care.Candy: Sweet food products combining cane or beet sugars with other carbohydrates and chocolate, milk, eggs, and various flavorings. In the United States, candy refers to both sugar- and cocoa-based confections and is differentiated from sweetened baked goods; elsewhere the terms sugar confectionary, chocolate confectionary, and flour confectionary (meaning goods such as cakes and pastries) are used.Xylitol: A five-carbon sugar alcohol derived from XYLOSE by reduction of the carbonyl group. It is as sweet as sucrose and used as a noncariogenic sweetener.Dental Pulp Diseases: Endodontic diseases of the DENTAL PULP inside the tooth, which is distinguished from PERIAPICAL DISEASES of the tissue surrounding the root.Xerostomia: Decreased salivary flow.Dentist's Practice Patterns: Patterns of practice in dentistry related to diagnosis and treatment.Dental Pellicle: A thin protein film on the surface of DENTAL ENAMEL. It is widely believed to result from the selective adsorption of precursor proteins present in SALIVA onto tooth surfaces, and to reduce microbial adherence to the TEETH.Dental Assistants: Individuals who assist the dentist or the dental hygienist.Anesthesia, Dental: A range of methods used to reduce pain and anxiety during dental procedures.Periodontal Index: A numerical rating scale for classifying the periodontal status of a person or population with a single figure which takes into consideration prevalence as well as severity of the condition. It is based upon probe measurement of periodontal pockets and on gingival tissue status.Education, Dental, Continuing: Educational programs designed to inform dentists of recent advances in their fields.Gingivitis: Inflammation of gum tissue (GINGIVA) without loss of connective tissue.Dental Implants: Biocompatible materials placed into (endosseous) or onto (subperiosteal) the jawbone to support a crown, bridge, or artificial tooth, or to stabilize a diseased tooth.Dental Enamel Hypoplasia: An acquired or hereditary condition due to deficiency in the formation of tooth enamel (AMELOGENESIS). It is usually characterized by defective, thin, or malformed DENTAL ENAMEL. Risk factors for enamel hypoplasia include gene mutations, nutritional deficiencies, diseases, and environmental factors.Dental Materials: Materials used in the production of dental bases, restorations, impressions, prostheses, etc.Dental Devices, Home Care: Devices used in the home by persons to maintain dental and periodontal health. The devices include toothbrushes, dental flosses, water irrigators, gingival stimulators, etc.Dental Models: Presentation devices used for patient education and technique training in dentistry.Prevalence: The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.Radiography, Bitewing: Technique involving the passage of X-rays through oral structures to create a film record while a central tab or wing of dental X-ray film is being held between upper and lower teeth.Mouth DiseasesGroup Practice, Dental: Any group of three or more full-time dentists, organized in a legally recognized entity for the provision of dental care, sharing space, equipment, personnel and records for both patient care and business management, and who have a predetermined arrangement for the distribution of income.Stomatognathic Diseases: General or unspecified diseases of the stomatognathic system, comprising the mouth, teeth, jaws, and pharynx.Education, Dental, Graduate: Educational programs for dental graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic dental sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced dental degree.Dentistry: The profession concerned with the teeth, oral cavity, and associated structures, and the diagnosis and treatment of their diseases including prevention and the restoration of defective and missing tissue.Ethics, Dental: The principles of proper professional conduct concerning the rights and duties of the dentist, relations with patients and fellow practitioners, as well as actions of the dentist in patient care and interpersonal relations with patient families. (From Stedman, 25th ed)Incisor: Any of the eight frontal teeth (four maxillary and four mandibular) having a sharp incisal edge for cutting food and a single root, which occurs in man both as a deciduous and a permanent tooth. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p820)Chlorhexidine: A disinfectant and topical anti-infective agent used also as mouthwash to prevent oral plaque.Immunoglobulin A, Secretory: The principle immunoglobulin in exocrine secretions such as milk, respiratory and intestinal mucin, saliva and tears. The complete molecule (around 400 kD) is composed of two four-chain units of IMMUNOGLOBULIN A, one SECRETORY COMPONENT and one J chain (IMMUNOGLOBULIN J-CHAINS).Societies, Dental: Societies whose membership is limited to dentists.Tooth Discoloration: Any change in the hue, color, or translucency of a tooth due to any cause. Restorative filling materials, drugs (both topical and systemic), pulpal necrosis, or hemorrhage may be responsible. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p253)Technology, Dental: The field of dentistry involved in procedures for designing and constructing dental appliances. It includes also the application of any technology to the field of dentistry.Licensure, Dental: The granting of a license to practice dentistry.Glucosyltransferases: Enzymes that catalyze the transfer of glucose from a nucleoside diphosphate glucose to an acceptor molecule which is frequently another carbohydrate. EC 2.4.1.-.Dental Prophylaxis: Treatment for the prevention of periodontal diseases or other dental diseases by the cleaning of the teeth in the dental office using the procedures of DENTAL SCALING and DENTAL POLISHING. The treatment may include plaque detection, removal of supra- and subgingival plaque and calculus, application of caries-preventing agents, checking of restorations and prostheses and correcting overhanging margins and proximal contours of restorations, and checking for signs of food impaction.Laboratories, Dental: Facilities for the performance of services related to dental treatment but not done directly in the patient's mouth.Diagnosis, Oral: Examination of the mouth and teeth toward the identification and diagnosis of intraoral disease or manifestation of non-oral conditions.Dental Calculus: Abnormal concretion or calcified deposit that forms around the teeth or dental prostheses.Anti-Infective Agents, Local: Substances used on humans and other animals that destroy harmful microorganisms or inhibit their activity. They are distinguished from DISINFECTANTS, which are used on inanimate objects.Specialties, Dental: Various branches of dental practice limited to specialized areas.Fees, Dental: Amounts charged to the patient as payer for dental services.Dental Deposits: Accumulations of microflora that lead to pathological plaque and calculus which cause PERIODONTAL DISEASES. It can be considered a type of BIOFILMS. It is subtly distinguished from the protective DENTAL PELLICLE.Radiography, Dental, Digital: A rapid, low-dose, digital imaging system using a small intraoral sensor instead of radiographic film, an intensifying screen, and a charge-coupled device. It presents the possibility of reduced patient exposure and minimal distortion, although resolution and latitude are inferior to standard dental radiography. A receiver is placed in the mouth, routing signals to a computer which images the signals on a screen or in print. It includes digitizing from x-ray film or any other detector. (From MEDLINE abstracts; personal communication from Dr. Charles Berthold, NIDR)Pulpitis: Inflammation of the DENTAL PULP, usually due to bacterial infection in dental caries, tooth fracture, or other conditions causing exposure of the pulp to bacterial invasion. Chemical irritants, thermal factors, hyperemic changes, and other factors may also cause pulpitis.Dental Technicians: Individuals responsible for fabrication of dental appliances.BrazilCuspid: The third tooth to the left and to the right of the midline of either jaw, situated between the second INCISOR and the premolar teeth (BICUSPID). (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p817)Tooth Wear: Loss of the tooth substance by chemical or mechanical processesTooth Abnormalities: Congenital absence of or defects in structures of the teeth.Dental Restoration Repair: The process of repairing broken or worn parts of a PERMANENT DENTAL RESTORATION.Dentifrices: Any preparations used for cleansing teeth; they usually contain an abrasive, detergent, binder and flavoring agent and may exist in the form of liquid, paste or powder; may also contain medicaments and caries preventives.Biofilms: Encrustations, formed from microbes (bacteria, algae, fungi, plankton, or protozoa) embedding in extracellular polymers, that adhere to surfaces such as teeth (DENTAL DEPOSITS); PROSTHESES AND IMPLANTS; and catheters. Biofilms are prevented from forming by treating surfaces with DENTIFRICES; DISINFECTANTS; ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS; and antifouling agents.Bicuspid: One of the eight permanent teeth, two on either side in each jaw, between the canines (CUSPID) and the molars (MOLAR), serving for grinding and crushing food. The upper have two cusps (bicuspid) but the lower have one to three. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p822)Practice Management, Dental: The organization and operation of the business aspects of a dental practice.Streptococcus: A genus of gram-positive, coccoid bacteria whose organisms occur in pairs or chains. No endospores are produced. Many species exist as commensals or parasites on man or animals with some being highly pathogenic. A few species are saprophytes and occur in the natural environment.Social Marginalization: Individuals or groups, excluded from participation in the economic, social, and political activities of membership in a community.Dental Cavity Preparation: An operation in which carious material is removed from teeth and biomechanically correct forms are established in the teeth to receive and retain restorations. A constant requirement is provision for prevention of failure of the restoration through recurrence of decay or inadequate resistance to applied stresses. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p239-40)Dental Sac: Dense fibrous layer formed from mesodermal tissue that surrounds the epithelial enamel organ. The cells eventually migrate to the external surface of the newly formed root dentin and give rise to the cementoblasts that deposit cementum on the developing root, fibroblasts of the developing periodontal ligament, and osteoblasts of the developing alveolar bone.Bottle Feeding: Use of nursing bottles for feeding. Applies to humans and animals.Crowns: A prosthetic restoration that reproduces the entire surface anatomy of the visible natural crown of a tooth. It may be partial (covering three or more surfaces of a tooth) or complete (covering all surfaces). It is made of gold or other metal, porcelain, or resin.Evidence-Based Dentistry: An approach or process of practicing oral health care that requires the judicious integration of systematic assessments of clinical relevant scientific evidence, relating to the patient's oral and medical condition and history, with the dentist's clinical expertise and the patient's treatment needs and preferences. (from J Am Dent Assoc 134: 689, 2003)Pediatric Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with the dental problems of children, proper maintenance, and treatment. The dental care may include the services provided by dental specialists.Tooth Eruption: The emergence of a tooth from within its follicle in the ALVEOLAR PROCESS of the MAXILLA or MANDIBLE into the ORAL CAVITY. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Tooth Injuries: Traumatic or other damage to teeth including fractures (TOOTH FRACTURES) or displacements (TOOTH LUXATION).Cross-Sectional Studies: Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.Dentition, Mixed: The complement of teeth in the jaws after the eruption of some of the permanent teeth but before all the deciduous teeth are absent. (Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed)Comprehensive Dental Care: Providing for the full range of dental health services for diagnosis, treatment, follow-up, and rehabilitation of patients.Jaw, Edentulous, Partially: Absence of teeth from a portion of the mandible and/or maxilla.Statistics, Nonparametric: A class of statistical methods applicable to a large set of probability distributions used to test for correlation, location, independence, etc. In most nonparametric statistical tests, the original scores or observations are replaced by another variable containing less information. An important class of nonparametric tests employs the ordinal properties of the data. Another class of tests uses information about whether an observation is above or below some fixed value such as the median, and a third class is based on the frequency of the occurrence of runs in the data. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed, p1284; Corsini, Concise Encyclopedia of Psychology, 1987, p764-5)Esthetics, Dental: Skills, techniques, standards, and principles used to improve the art and symmetry of the teeth and face to improve the appearance as well as the function of the teeth, mouth, and face. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p108)Photography, Dental: Photographic techniques used in ORTHODONTICS; DENTAL ESTHETICS; and patient education.Dentist-Patient Relations: The psychological relations between the dentist and patient.IndiaTooth Erosion: Progressive loss of the hard substance of a tooth by chemical processes that do not involve bacterial action. (Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p296)Dental Alloys: A mixture of metallic elements or compounds with other metallic or metalloid elements in varying proportions for use in restorative or prosthetic dentistry.Salivation: The discharge of saliva from the SALIVARY GLANDS that keeps the mouth tissues moist and aids in digestion.Dental Prosthesis: An artificial replacement for one or more natural teeth or part of a tooth, or associated structures, ranging from a portion of a tooth to a complete denture. The dental prosthesis is used for cosmetic or functional reasons, or both. DENTURES and specific types of dentures are also available. (From Boucher's Clinical Dental Terminology, 4th ed, p244 & Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p643)Actinomyces: A genus of gram-positive, rod-shaped bacteria whose organisms are nonmotile. Filaments that may be present in certain species are either straight or wavy and may have swollen or clubbed heads.Telepathy: The knowledge or communication by one person with the mental processes of another through channels other than known physical or perceptual processes.Binomial Distribution: The probability distribution associated with two mutually exclusive outcomes; used to model cumulative incidence rates and prevalence rates. The Bernoulli distribution is a special case of binomial distribution.Secretory Rate: The amount of a substance secreted by cells or by a specific organ or organism over a given period of time; usually applies to those substances which are formed by glandular tissues and are released by them into biological fluids, e.g., secretory rate of corticosteroids by the adrenal cortex, secretory rate of gastric acid by the gastric mucosa.Schools, Nursery: Schools for children usually under five years of age.Infection Control, Dental: Efforts to prevent and control the spread of infections within dental health facilities or those involving provision of dental care.Dental Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements especially used by dental professionals for the performance of clinical tasks.Dental Papilla: Mesodermal tissue enclosed in the invaginated portion of the epithelial enamel organ and giving rise to the dentin and pulp.Dental Occlusion: The relationship of all the components of the masticatory system in normal function. It has special reference to the position and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth for the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p556, p472)Dental Informatics: The application of computer and information sciences to improve dental practice, research, education and management.Streptococcus sanguis: A gram-positive organism found in dental plaque, in blood, on heart valves in subacute endocarditis, and infrequently in saliva and throat specimens. L-forms are associated with recurrent aphthous stomatitis.Composite Resins: Synthetic resins, containing an inert filler, that are widely used in dentistry.Dental Pulp Exposure: The result of pathological changes in the hard tissue of a tooth caused by carious lesions, mechanical factors, or trauma, which render the pulp susceptible to bacterial invasion from the external environment.Lactobacillus: A genus of gram-positive, microaerophilic, rod-shaped bacteria occurring widely in nature. Its species are also part of the many normal flora of the mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina of many mammals, including humans. Pathogenicity from this genus is rare.Sucrose: A nonreducing disaccharide composed of GLUCOSE and FRUCTOSE linked via their anomeric carbons. It is obtained commercially from SUGARCANE, sugar beet (BETA VULGARIS), and other plants and used extensively as a food and a sweetener.Mobile Health Units: Movable or portable facilities in which diagnostic and therapeutic services are provided to the community.Parotid Gland: The largest of the three pairs of SALIVARY GLANDS. They lie on the sides of the FACE immediately below and in front of the EAR.Age Factors: Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.Dental Audit: A detailed review and evaluation of selected clinical records by qualified professional personnel for evaluating quality of dental care.Dentistry, Operative: That phase of clinical dentistry concerned with the restoration of parts of existing teeth that are defective through disease, trauma, or abnormal development, to the state of normal function, health, and esthetics, including preventive, diagnostic, biological, mechanical, and therapeutic techniques, as well as material and instrument science and application. (Jablonski's Dictionary of Dentistry, 2d ed, p237)Tooth Crown: The upper part of the tooth, which joins the lower part of the tooth (TOOTH ROOT) at the cervix (TOOTH CERVIX) at a line called the cementoenamel junction. The entire surface of the crown is covered with enamel which is thicker at the extremity and becomes progressively thinner toward the cervix. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p216)Dental Waste: Any waste product generated by a dental office, surgery, clinic, or laboratory including amalgams, saliva, and rinse water.Dental Implantation: The grafting or inserting of a prosthetic device of alloplastic material into the oral tissue beneath the mucosal or periosteal layer or within the bone. Its purpose is to provide support and retention to a partial or complete denture.Sweetening Agents: Substances that sweeten food, beverages, medications, etc., such as sugar, saccharine or other low-calorie synthetic products. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed)Economics, Dental: Economic aspects of the dental profession and dental care.Periodontitis: Inflammation and loss of connective tissues supporting or surrounding the teeth. This may involve any part of the PERIODONTIUM. Periodontitis is currently classified by disease progression (CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS; AGGRESSIVE PERIODONTITIS) instead of age of onset. (From 1999 International Workshop for a Classification of Periodontal Diseases and Conditions, American Academy of Periodontology)Northern Territory: Territory in north central Australia, between the states of Queensland and Western Australia. Its capital is Darwin.Community Dentistry: The practice of dentistry concerned with preventive as well as diagnostic and treatment programs in a circumscribed population.Mandible: The largest and strongest bone of the FACE constituting the lower jaw. It supports the lower teeth.Colony Count, Microbial: Enumeration by direct count of viable, isolated bacterial, archaeal, or fungal CELLS or SPORES capable of growth on solid CULTURE MEDIA. The method is used routinely by environmental microbiologists for quantifying organisms in AIR; FOOD; and WATER; by clinicians for measuring patients' microbial load; and in antimicrobial drug testing.Periapical Periodontitis: Inflammation of the PERIAPICAL TISSUE. It includes general, unspecified, or acute nonsuppurative inflammation. Chronic nonsuppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL GRANULOMA. Suppurative inflammation is PERIAPICAL ABSCESS.Dental Polishing: Creation of a smooth and glossy surface finish on a denture or amalgam.Sodium Fluoride: A source of inorganic fluoride which is used topically to prevent dental caries.Glucans: Polysaccharides composed of repeating glucose units. They can consist of branched or unbranched chains in any linkages.Streptococcal Infections: Infections with bacteria of the genus STREPTOCOCCUS.Periapical Abscess: Acute or chronic inflammation of tissues surrounding the apical portion of a tooth, associated with the collection of pus, resulting from infection following pulp infection through a carious lesion or as a result of an injury causing pulp necrosis. (Dorland, 27th ed)Public Health Dentistry: A dental specialty concerned with the prevention of disease and the maintenance of oral health through promoting organized dental health programs at a community, state, or federal level.Income: Revenues or receipts accruing from business enterprise, labor, or invested capital.Malocclusion: Such malposition and contact of the maxillary and mandibular teeth as to interfere with the highest efficiency during the excursive movements of the jaw that are essential for mastication. (Jablonski, Illustrated Dictionary of Dentistry, 1982)Snacks: Foods eaten between MEALTIMES.Dental Scaling: Removal of dental plaque and dental calculus from the surface of a tooth, from the surface of a tooth apical to the gingival margin accumulated in periodontal pockets, or from the surface coronal to the gingival margin.Socioeconomic Factors: Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.Questionnaires: Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.Dental Restoration Failure: Inability or inadequacy of a dental restoration or prosthesis to perform as expected.Social Class: A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.Dental Facilities: Use for material on dental facilities in general or for which there is no specific heading.Antibodies, Bacterial: Immunoglobulins produced in a response to BACTERIAL ANTIGENS.American Dental Association: Professional society representing the field of dentistry.
Dental caries is the process of tooth decay, and the development of what is commonly known as cavities. Dental caries are ... colonization of cariogenic bacteria primarily occurs from mother to child through saliva-sharing activities. Maternal oral ... Public dental services are scarce and costly to individuals who lack dental insurance. It may also result in unwarranted visits ... Another notable oral disease pertinent to maternal child health is dental caries. ...
Brudevold F, Aasenden R, Srinivasian BN, Bakhos Y (1977). "Lead in enamel and saliva, dental caries and the use of enamel ... may show dental caries before it is otherwise visible, in particular caries between the teeth. Large areas of dental caries are ... Fejerskov O, Nyvad B, Kidd EA (2008) "Pathology of dental caries", pp 20-48 in Fejerskov O, Kidd EAM (eds) Dental caries: The ... Children at 6-12 months are at increased risk of developing dental caries. For other kids aged 12-18 months, dental caries ...
... including dental caries. Lubricating mouthwashes or gels, such as Biotène, can relieve pain within the oral mucosa, thus ... The reduced antibacterial actions of saliva due to the lack of saliva in some individuals can lead to disruption of the oral pH ... individuals who use Biotène may reduce the risk of dental caries and other oral diseases that may occur from xerostomia and ... The gel also has a pH similar to natural saliva, which contributes to a healthy environment for the teeth and soft tissues in ...
John R. Lukacs
Lukacs, J. R. and Largaespada, L. (2006). Explaining sex differences in dental caries prevalence : saliva, hormones, and "life- ... 1995). 'Caries correction factor': a new method of calibrating dental caries rates to compensate for antemortem loss of teeth ... 1996). Sex differences in dental caries rates with the origin of agriculture in South Asia. [Current Anthropology] 37(1): 147- ... Much of this work focuses on odontometrics, dental morphology, development, and pathology. He has also performed dental ...
Meanwhile, the minerals in saliva (calcium and phosphate) together with fluoride are repairing the enamel. Dental caries is a ... Anodontia Dental caries-- Dental caries is known as a cavity or tooth decay. Bacteria in the mouth use foods that contain sugar ... Dental abscess-- A dental abscess is a collection of pus that accumulates in teeth or gums as a result of bacterial infection ... It is caused by consuming sugary or starchy food and poor dental hygiene and is treated by a dentist draining the pus and ...
... is the main ingredient of Papacarie, a gel used for chemomechanical dental caries removal. It does not require drilling ... minimal because the papain is present in low concentrations and is quickly diluted by saliva. It would take several months of ... Lopes MC, Mascarini RC, da Silva BM, Flório FM, Basting RT (2007). "Effect of a papain-based gel for chemomechanical caries ...
Some species, but not all, show evidence in defense to dental caries. Due to these studies, there have been applications of ... and the Lactobacillus count in saliva has been used as a "caries test" for many years. Lactobacilli characteristically cause ... Some Lactobacillus species have been associated with cases of dental caries (cavities). Lactic acid can corrode teeth, ... preventing streptococcal pathogens from taking hold and inducing dental decay. The scientific research of lactobacilli in ...
If polishing does occur on these surfaces, fluoride therapy can minimize the risk of dental caries. Excessive pressure can lead ... The mineral components of saliva and polishing pastes containing fluoride can assist in remineralizing this outer layer. The ... "American Dental Hygienists' Association Position Paper on the Oral Prophylaxis" (PDF). www.adha.org. American Dental Hygienists ... Dental tape is used for polishing the proximal surfaces of teeth that are inaccessible to other polishing instruments. It is ...
"Lead in enamel and saliva, dental caries, and the use of enamel biopsies for measuring past exposure to lead" (PDF). J Dent ... "Association of dental caries and blood lead levels". JAMA. 281 (24): 2294-2298. doi:10.1001/jama.281.24.2294. PMID 10386553. ... "Blood lead level and dental caries in school-age children". Environ Health Perspect. 110 (10): A625-A630. doi:10.1289/ehp. ... developing dental x-ray films prior to digital x-rays (each film packet had a lead liner to prevent the radiation from going ...
Dental caries (xerostomia related caries) - Without the anticariogenic actions of saliva, tooth decay is a common feature and ... resulting in acid production and development of dental caries .. *Acid erosion. Saliva acts as a buffer and helps to prevent ... The management of salivary gland dysfunction may involve the use of saliva substitutes and/or saliva stimulants: *Saliva ... Hara, AT; Zero, DT (2014). "The potential of saliva in protecting against dental erosion". Monographs in oral science. 25: 197- ...
The reduction in saliva increases the likelihood of dental caries, enamel erosion, and periodontal disease. Although it is ... The dental caries of meth mouth often progress slowly, perhaps because their advancement is hindered by intermittent hygienic ... Sialogogues, drugs that increase the amount of saliva in the mouth, can be used to treat dry mouth and protect against dental ... The most notable effect of long-term use of methamphetamine on dental health is the development of caries (tooth decay); the ...
Some Lactobacillus species have been associated with cases of dental caries (cavities). Lactic acid can corrode teeth, and the ... Lactobacillus count in saliva has been used as a "caries test" for many years. Lactobacilli characteristically cause existing ... show evidence in defense to dental caries. Due to these studies, there have been applications of incorporating such ... preventing streptococcal pathogens from taking hold and inducing dental decay. The scientific research of lactobacilli in ...
Saliva is unable to penetrate through plaque, however, to neutralize the acid produced by the bacteria. Dental caries (cavities ... Dentistry Dental auxiliary Dental assistant Dental hygienist Dental technician Dental braces Dental notation Dental tourism ... "Dental caries", from the Disease Control Priorities Project. Touger-Decker R, van Loveren C (2003). "Sugars and dental caries ... Moore WJ; Moore, W.J. (1983). "The role of sugar in the aetiology of dental caries. 1. Sugar and the antiquity of dental caries ...
Fejerskov, O.; Kidd, E. (2007). Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management (2nd ed.). Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1- ... Edgar, M.; Dawes, C.; O'Mullane, D. (2004). Saliva and Oral Health (3 ed.). British Dental Association. ISBN 0-904588-87-4.. ... Edgar, M.; Dawes, C.; O'Mullane, D. (2004). Saliva and Oral Health (3rd ed.). British Dental Association. ISBN 0-904588-87-4.. ... Saliva is a fluid substance formed in the mouths of animals, secreted by the salivary glands. Human saliva comprises 99.5% ...
Dental caries (xerostomia related caries) - Without the anticariogenic actions of saliva, tooth decay is a common feature and ... The management of salivary gland dysfunction may involve the use of saliva substitutes and/or saliva stimulants: Saliva ... resulting in acid production and development of dental caries . Acid erosion. Saliva acts as a buffer and helps to prevent ... Saliva that appears thick or ropey. Mucosa that appears dry. A lack of saliva pooling in the floor of the mouth during ...
Salivary gland pathology
... which can result in severe dental caries (tooth decay) as a result of the loss of the protective effects of saliva. Various ... Saliva also contains digestive enzymes (e.g. salivary amylase) and has antimicrobial action and acts as a buffer. Persons with ... The parotid gland is located in front of the ear, and it secretes its mostly serous saliva via the parotid duct (Stenson duct) ... The submandibular gland is located medial to the angle of the mandible, and it drains its mixture of serous and mucous saliva ...
... belief that dental caries causing bacteria from the mother's oral ecology can be transmitted to the infant through the saliva, ... Compounds in the saliva, such as haptocorrin also help increase B12 availability by protecting the vitamin against stomach acid ... Alpha-amylase from maternal saliva aids in digestion of starches fed to a baby. This may be important in the developed nations ... Although disease can be transmitted through saliva in the pre-chewed foods, the benefits conferred outweighed any risks of the ...
Salivary gland aplasia
This includes patients with: A history of dental caries Deep retentive pits and fissures Early signs of dental caries Poor ... A rubber dam or cotton roll isolation technique can be used to isolate the sealant site from saliva which is the common reason ... the American Dental Association, the Australian Dental Association, the British Dental Association, and the Canadian Dental ... Contraindications for the use of dental sealants are individual patients or teeth that are at a low risk of dental caries: This ...
... and consequently to dental caries. Saliva is also unable to penetrate the build-up of plaque and thus cannot act to neutralize ... The most common way dental plaque is assessed is through dental assessment in the dental clinic where dental instruments are ... Dental plaque is also known as microbial plaque, oral biofilm, dental biofilm, dental plaque biofilm or bacterial plaque ... also known as dental caries) or harden into dental calculus (also known as tartar). Calculus cannot be removed through tooth ...
"Panel on Caries Vaccine". National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research of the National Institute of Health. January ... When applied to a cavity and coming in contact with saliva, this peptide assembles itself in a fibrous matrix or scaffold, ... Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) has been identified as the major etiological agent of human dental caries. Several types of ... Bowen, W.H. (December 1972). "Dental caries". Archives of Disease in Childhood. 47 (256): 852. doi:10.1136/adc.47.256.849. PMC ...
Dental caries (non-human)
Dogs are less likely than humans to have tooth decay due to the very high pH of dog saliva, which prevents an acidic ... "Dental Caries". WikiVet. Retrieved 20 November 2013. Hale FA. "Dental caries in the dog." J Vet Dent. 1998 Jun;15(2):79-83. ... Dental caries, also known as tooth decay, is uncommon among companion animals. The bacteria Streptococcus mutans and ... Streptococcus sanguis cause dental caries by metabolising sugars. The term feline cavities is commonly used to refer to feline ...
Dental caries, commonly referred to as cavities or tooth decay, are caused by localized destruction of tooth enamel, as a ... Females may be more vulnerable to caries compared to men, due to lower saliva flow than males, the positive correlation of ... Tayles, N.; Domett, K.; Nelsen, K. (2000). "Agriculture and dental caries? The case of rice in prehistoric Southeast Asia". ... Lukacs, John R (2008). "Fertility and Agriculture Accentuate Sex Differences in Dental Caries Rates". Current Anthropology. 49 ...
Remineralisation of teeth
American Dental Association, 139(3). Hicks J, Garcia-Godoy F, Flaitz C. Biological factors in dental caries: role of saliva and ... Fejerskov O, Nyvad B, Kidd EA: Pathology of dental caries; in Fejerskov O, Kidd EAM (eds): Dental caries: The disease and its ... "Biological factors in dental caries: role of saliva and dental plaque in the dynamic process of demineralization and ... The process of dental caries occurs when the acid-producing bacteria found in dental plaque on teeth feed on fermentable ...
"Effects of Mouth Rinses with Xylitol and Fluoride on Dental Plaque and Saliva". Caries Research. 33 (1): 23-31. doi:10.1159/ ... rather fluoride mouthwashes are sometimes used in individuals who are at high risk of dental decay, due to dental caries or ... It is sometimes used as an adjunct to prevent dental caries and to treat gingivitis periodontal disease, although it does not ... In dental extractions, hot salt water mouthbaths should start about 24 hours after a dental extraction. The term mouth bath ...
... hence better protection from dental caries. Therefore, people with a slower rate of saliva secretion, combined with a low ... "Function of Saliva". Cariology. Retrieved 24 February 2018.. *^ "6 Ways Saliva Protects Your Teeth". Sunningdale Dental News & ... When this occurs, the buffering capacity effect of saliva (increases saliva flow rate) inhibits demineralisation. Saliva can ... Mandel, ID (February 1987). "The functions of saliva". Journal of dental research. 66 Spec No (66): 623-7. doi:10.1177/ ...
Human digestive system
Baelum, edited by Ole Fejerskov and Edwina Kidd; with Bente Nyvad and Vibeke (2008). Dental caries : the disease and its ... Saliva. Main article: Saliva. Saliva moistens and softens food, and along with the chewing action of the teeth, transforms the ... Edgar, WM (25 April 1992). "Saliva: its secretion, composition and functions". British Dental Journal. 172 (8): 305-12. doi: ... Saliva also contains a glycoprotein called haptocorrin which is a binding protein to vitamin B12. It binds with the vitamin ...
Effects of a lactoperoxidase-system-containing toothpaste on dental plaque and whole saliva in vivo. . In: Acta Odontol Scan. ... Lactoperoxidase in the prevention of plaque accumulation, gingivitis and dental caries (III). . In: Odont revy. . 25, 1974, S. ... Saliva can contribute in quick inhibition of HIV infectivity. . In: AIDS. . 5, Nr. 5, Mai 1991, S. 598-600. doi:10.1097/ ... Effectiveness of saliva substitute products in the treatment of dry mouth in the elderly: a pilot study. . In: J R Soc Promot ...
"Adhesively or non-adhesively bonded amalgam restorations for dental caries , Cochrane". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews ... The multiphase structure of dental amalgam can contribute as an anode or cathode with saliva as electrolytes. Corrosion may ... Dental amalgam toxicityEdit. Main article: Dental amalgam controversy. Concerns have been raised about the potential for ... "Dental Amalgam; Fact file" (PDF). British Dental Association. February 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 February ...
Karies gigi bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Dental Update, 9, 199-208. *^ a b Holloway, P.J. (1983). The role of sugar in the etiology of dental caries. Journal of ... Preferences and saliva stimulation of eight different chewing gums. Int Dent J. 2004 Jun;54(3):143-8. ... Dental Update, 9, 199-208.. *Holloway, P.J. (1983). The role of sugar in the etiology of dental caries. Journal of Dentistry, ... Dental Cavities, MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia, page accessed August 14, 2006.. *"Dental caries", from the Disease Control ...
Dental caries (tooth decay): The evidence regarding carious tooth discolouration is inconclusive, however the most reliable ... Betel chewing. Betel chewing produces blood-red saliva that stains the teeth red-brown to nearly black. The extract gel ... Bleaching agents are only allowed to be given by dental practitioners, dental therapists, and dental hygienists. ... Dental plaque: Dental plaque is a clear biofilm of bacteria that naturally forms in the mouth, particularly along the gumline, ...
Mechanical-tactile - dental probe during dental examination, periodontal scaling and root planing, toothbrushing. ... It is not known if this effect would occur with the twice-daily, transient and small increase in potassium ions in saliva that ... "The role of fluoride in the preventive management of dentin hypersensitivity and root caries". Clinical Oral Investigations ... Evaporation - air blast from a dental instrument.. *Chemical - acids, e.g. dietary, gastric, acid etch during dental ...
... significant contributors to dental caries. Dental restorations are susceptible to unacceptable colour change even when ... Betel chewing. Betel chewing produces blood-red saliva that stains the teeth red-brown to nearly black. The extract gel ... Dental caries (tooth decay): The evidence regarding carious tooth discolouration is inconclusive, however the most reliable ... doi:10.1016/j.dental.2004.04.002. ISSN 0109-5641. PMID 15451241.. *^ American Dental Association (November 2010) [September ...
Oral ulceration is a common reason for people to seek medical or dental advice.:52 A breach of the oral mucosa probably ... Due to various factors (saliva, relative thinness of oromucosa, trauma from teeth, chewing, etc.), vesicles and bullae which ... Gottfried Schmalz; Dorthe Arenholt Bindslev (2008). Biocompatibility of Dental Materials. Springer. Retrieved March 5, 2014.. ... Some dentists apply a protective layer of petroleum jelly to the lips before carrying out dental work to minimize the number of ...
Tooth decay (dental caries) has become a pronounced health hazard associated with the consumption of sugars, especially sucrose ... by flow of saliva, although they are easily removed by brushing. The glucans and levans (fructose polysaccharides) produced by ... A reduction to below 5% of total energy intake brings additional health benefits, especially in what regards dental caries. [63 ... Oral bacteria such as Streptococcus mutans live in dental plaque and metabolize any sugars (not just sucrose, but also glucose ...
Dental caries and periodontal disease. The tongue surface can be a reservoir for tooth pathogens and periodontal ... saliva and dead epithelial cells. Tongue cleaning is done less often than tooth brushing, flossing, and using ... dental caries and periodontal disease. Side effects. Tongue cleaning can cause discomfort. Improper use of a tongue ... dental caries (cavities or tooth decay) or plaque accumulated on the teeth. In addition, degradation of oral debris by ...
"Flossing for the management of periodontal diseases and dental caries in adults". The Cochrane Library (12): CD008829. doi: ... Current research shows that activity levels of the following enzymes in saliva samples are associated with periodontal ... A dental hygienist or dentist will also look for signs of periodontitis using X-rays or periodontal probing as well as other ... A dental hygienist or dentist will check for the symptoms of gingivitis, and may also examine the amount of plaque in the oral ...
The most common types of dental disease are tooth decay (cavities, dental caries) and gum diseases, including gingivitis, and ... Dental chewing gums claim to improve dental health. Sugar-free chewing gum stimulates saliva production, and helps to clean the ... a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Darby, M., & Walsh, Margaret M. (2010). Procedures Manual to Accompany Dental Hygiene: Theory and ... "Dental Plaque". June 2012.. *^ "American Dental Hygienists' Association Position Paper on the Oral Prophylaxis" (PDF). American ...
Balasubramaniam, R; Kuperstein, AS; Stoopler, ET (April 2014). "Update on oral herpes virus infections". Dental Clinics of ... but can also be contracted by exposure to infected saliva, semen, vaginal fluid, or the fluid from herpetic blisters. To ... Caries *Early childhood caries. *Concrescence. *Failure of eruption of teeth. *Dens evaginatus *Talon cusp ... The use of condoms or dental dams also limits the transmission of herpes from the genitals of one partner to the mouth of the ...
"Adhesively or non-adhesively bonded amalgam restorations for dental caries , Cochrane". Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews ... The multiphase structure of dental amalgam can contribute as an anode or cathode with saliva as electrolytes. Corrosion may ... "Dental Amalgam; Fact file" (PDF). British Dental Association. February 2008.. *^ "Waste Framework Directive". Environment. ... "British Dental Journal, British Dental Journal. 205, 205 (10): 547-550. doi:10.1038/sj.bdj.2008.981. ISSN 0007-0610. PMID ...
"Xylitol-containing products for preventing dental caries in children and adults". The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews ( ... "Xylitol - Benefits on Plaque and Saliva and Safety". Diabetes.co.uk. Retrieved 28 October 2018.. ... Dental care. As of 2015, clinical trials examining whether xylitol alone or with other agents can prevent cavities found ... "Policy on the use of xylitol in caries prevention" (PDF). Reference Manual. 33 (6): 42-44. 2010. Retrieved 2012-03-14.. ...
Dental public health
Selwitz RH, Ismail AI, Pitts NB (January 2007). "Dental caries". Lancet. 369 (9555): 51-9. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60031-2. ... Stimulating saliva flow assists in the remineralisation process of teeth, this can be done by chewing sugar free gum. Using ... Dental public health looks beyond the role of a dental practitioner in treating dental disease, and seeks to reduce demand on ... The most common form of dental clinicians are either general dentists, oral health therapists, dental therapists and dental ...
Dental careEdit. Preventive dental treatment is also necessary (and often overlooked by the patient), as the lack of saliva ... placebo-controlled clinical trial of fluoride varnish in preventing dental caries of Sjögren's syndrome patients Archived 2017- ... Not enough saliva produced could mean the person has SS. An alternative test is non-stimulated whole saliva flow collection ... Saliva is a potential diagnostic tool of SS because the salivary component is changed after onset of the disease. With the ...
Burning mouth syndrome
... (BMS) is a burning sensation in the mouth with no underlying known dental or medical cause. No ... an oral rinse or saliva samples. It has been suggested that allergy testing (e.g., patch test) is inappropriate in the ... Kalantzis, Crispian Scully, Athanasios (2005). Oxford handbook of dental patient care (2nd ed.). New York: Oxford University ... Caries *Early childhood caries. *Concrescence. *Failure of eruption of teeth. *Dens evaginatus *Talon cusp ...
Dental caries, infections and other changes in the bone density, and the periodontal ligament, appear darker because X-rays ... which carries saliva from the parotid gland. The occlusal view is not included in the standard full mouth series. ... "Errors in dental radiographs : Scottish Dental magazine". www.sdmag.co.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-07.. ... Dental radiographs are commonly called X-rays. Dentists use radiographs for many reasons: to find hidden dental structures, ...
Lactoperoxidase, a enciclopedia libre
... to saliva-treated hydroxyapatite in vitro". Caries Res. 28 (6): 421-8. PMID 7850845. doi:10.1159/000262015.. ... gingivitis and dental caries (III)". Odont revy 25 (1): 69-80. PMID 4522423.. ... "Fluoride inhibits the antimicrobial peroxidase systems in human whole saliva". Caries Res. 28 (6): 429-34. PMID 7850846. doi: ... "Effects of a lactoperoxidase-system-containing toothpaste on dental plaque and whole saliva in vivo". Acta Odontol Scan 52 (6 ...
Longitudinal study of gastroesophageal reflux and erosive tooth wear | BMC Gastroenterology | Full Text
Table 1 Baseline characteristics of 72 patients presenting with dental erosion and treated with esomeprazole 20 mg twice-daily ... abnormalities in the saliva. A few prospective studies in healthy adolescents, i.e. without known GERD, describe progression of ... Caries Res. 2012;46:9-15. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.1159/000334786. ... Quantification of dental erosions in patients with GERD using optical coherence tomography before and after double-blind, ...
MUC7 Level As A New Saliva Risk Factor For Dental Caries In Adult Patients
Keywords: Oral health, saliva mucins, MUC5B, MUC7, dental caries. Introduction. The etiopathogenesis of dental caries is ... Electrophoretic analysis of whole saliva and prevalence of dental caries. A study in Mexican dental students. Arch Med Res. ... Physical and chemical aspects of saliva as indicators of risk for dental caries in humans. J Dent Educ. 2001;65:1054-62 ... of saliva may be an indicator of active caries. However, the relevance of the relationship between the TAC of saliva and dental ...
Children with a Higher Activity of Carbonic Anhydrase VI in Saliva Are More Likely to Develop Dental Caries
Conclusion: These results support the conclusion that dental caries is highly affected by the activity of CA VI in saliva as ... Children with a Higher Activity of Carbonic Anhydrase VI in Saliva Are More Likely to Develop Dental Caries. ... The salivary CA VI activity was higher in children with caries. We found a negative correlation between BC and dental caries. ... Results: The results showed that salivary flow rate, salivary pH, and BC were significantly higher in the saliva of caries-free ...
Immune profiling of saliva in patients with and without dental caries | Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science
Keywords: Dental caries, Immune response, IL 17, IgA, TGF-β Abstract. Background: Dental caries is characterized by ... Immune profiling of saliva in patients with and without dental caries * Ambreen Nawaz Department of Immunology, University of ... IgA was increased in patients of dental caries while levels of IL-17and TGFβ were decreased in patients of dental caries as ... Immune profiling of saliva in patients with and without dental caries. Bangladesh Journal of Medical Science, 18(3), 536-539. ...
Saliva and dental caries - UTU Research Portal - UTU Research Portal
... that saliva secretion and salivary components secreted in saliva are important for dental health. The final result, caries to ... focus on the effects of saliva and salivary constituents on cariogenic bacteria and the subsequent development of dental caries ... How much saliva is enough? or Which salivary components are protective? and Which salivary components predispose for caries ... Caries is a unique multifactorial infectious disease. Our understanding of etiological factors, the progress of the disease, ...
Metaproteomics of saliva identifies human protein markers specific for individuals with periodontitis and dental caries...
Methods Stimulated saliva samples were collected from 10 patients with periodontitis, 10 patients with dental caries and 10 ... diseased and healthy saliva we thus wanted to compare saliva metaproteomes from patients with periodontitis and dental caries ... dental caries and orally healthy individuals. To identify characteristics of ... The proteins in the saliva samples were subjected to denaturing buffer and digested enzymatically with LysC and trypsin. The ...
Saliva and dental caries: diagnostic tests for normal dental practice. - Semantic Scholar
... although no test yet available is so specific and sensitive that caries can be diagnosed from saliva samples only. The present ... These tests, alone or in combination, are now so easy to perform that they should be used in every dental practice. ... Buffer capacity reveals the most important host response factor acting against caries, while measures of flow rate form the ... tests are useful for estimating the caries activity due to bad dietary habits (salivary lactobacilli), establishing the ...
Saliva and Dental Caries | Pocket Dentistry
Concerning about caries, the pH of saliva may not be as important as the pH of dental plaque. Both fermentable carbohydrate ... Mar 12, 2016 , Posted by mrzezo in General Dentistry , Comments Off on Saliva and Dental Caries ... Its reported that MG2 predominates in saliva of caries-resistant individuals, while the level of MG1 is higher in caries- ... dental caries is not likely to happen all the time. There are three major buffer systems in saliva: the carbonic acid/ ...
Microbial species associated with dental caries found in saliva and in situ after use of self-ligating and conventional...
Microbial species associated with dental caries found in saliva and in situ after use of self-ligating and conventional ... Microbial species associated with dental caries found in saliva and in situ after use of s ... Checkerboard DNA-DNA Hybridization was employed to evaluate the levels of microbial species as-sociated with dental caries. ... Conclusions The orthodontic appliances break the salivary homeostasis of microorganisms involved in dental caries. The ...
Saliva A review of its role in maintaining oral health and preventing dental disease | BDJ Team
When saliva flow is reduced, oral health problems such as dental caries and oral infections can develop. ... Hicks J, Garcia-Godoy F, Flaitz C. Biological factors in dental caries enamel structure and the caries process in the dynamic ... Saliva A review of its role in maintaining oral health and preventing dental disease. *Michael Dodds na1, ... Dodds, M., Roland, S., Edgar, M. et al. Saliva A review of its role in maintaining oral health and preventing dental disease. ...
IJMS | Free Full-Text | Deleted in Malignant Brain Tumors-1 Protein (DMBT1): A Pattern Recognition Receptor with Multiple...
dental caries; innate immunity; mucosal protection; SRCR domains. 1. Introduction: Saliva as a Protective Fluid. Mucosal ... Enhanced saliva-mediated bacterial aggregation and decreased bacterial adhesion in caries-resistant versus caries-susceptible ... Arneberg, P; Kornstad, L; Nordbo, H; Gjermo, P. Less dental-caries among secretors than among non-secretors of blood-group ... Streptococcus mutans is considered the major cause for dental caries. In search for S. mutans agglutinating substances, Ericson ...
Bet you did not know the connection between saliva and dental caries | Dental Solutions
One thing many people overlook is that saliva can even protect our teeth against dental caries. This information is so useful ... Bet you did not know the connection between saliva and dental caries. ... Saliva is more important than you may think and it is really interesting how much it influences on our dental hygiene. ... Have you ever wonder why our mouth produces saliva? What purpose does it have in our dental health? Stay tune and you will know ...
Saliva in dentistry
... biochemistry and pathology related to saliva and salivary glands. it also mention… ... SALIVA IN DENTAL CARIES • Saliva plays an important role in reduction of caries by its buffering, clearance, antibacterial and ... and the functions of saliva Clinical significance The collection of saliva and the saliva function tests Applied aspects saliva ... 2. SALIVA P R E S E N T E D B Y : A P U R V A T H A M P I 1 S T Y E A R P G , D E P A R T M E N T O F P R O S T H O D O N T I C ...
Saliva - Wikipedia
Fejerskov, O.; Kidd, E. (2007). Dental Caries: The Disease and Its Clinical Management (2nd ed.). Wiley-Blackwell. ISBN 978-1- ... Edgar, M.; Dawes, C.; OMullane, D. (2004). Saliva and Oral Health (3 ed.). British Dental Association. ISBN 0-904588-87-4.. ... Edgar, M.; Dawes, C.; OMullane, D. (2004). Saliva and Oral Health (3rd ed.). British Dental Association. ISBN 0-904588-87-4.. ... Saliva is a fluid substance formed in the mouths of animals, secreted by the salivary glands. Human saliva comprises 99.5% ...
Association between the presence of lactobacillus in saliva and dental caries in children with permanent dentition - UGD...
Association between the presence of lactobacillus in saliva and dental caries in children with permanent dentition ... in the detection of the early phases of evolution of dental caries and designing protocols that can be used in dental caries ... of dental caries (WHO, Geneve, 1997). Lactobacilli in saliva were determined by diagnostic test CRT-bacteria (Vivadent, Schaan ... Between the existence of Lactobacillus in the saliva and the existence of dental caries there is a significant correlation (p,0 ...
The effect of cheese on dental caries: a review of the literature. - PubMed - NCBI
Chewing cheese stimulates saliva flow. The alkaline nature of saliva buffers the acids formed in plaque. There is also an ... The effect of cheese on dental caries: a review of the literature.. Herod EL. ... An overview of the effect of milk on dental caries is also presented in this review. ... Most of these studies suggest that the use of cheese as the final food in a meal will help to reduce caries. Several mechanisms ...
Ectodermal Dysplasia Clinical Presentation: History, Physical Examination, Complications
Xerostomia (decreased saliva)  and frequent dental caries. * Developmental delay or mental retardation ... and/or enamel defects and frequent dental caries.  ... Patients with severe dental abnormalities or cleft lip and/or ... Dental defects include conical teeth and hypodontia. Hair is sparse, has a steel-wool texture, and may show pili torti or pili ... Dental, hair, and nail anomalies usually become evident during infancy or childhood. A family history of similar clinical ...
Handbook of Genetic Counseling/Prader-Willi Syndrome-2 - Wikibooks, open books for an open world
26 Dental Caries | Diet and Health: Implications for Reducing Chronic Disease Risk | The National Academies Press
Read chapter 26 Dental Caries: Diet and Health examines the many complex issues concerning diet and its role in increasing or ... which may serve as a medium for growth of caries-promoting bacteria. It also increases the mineral content of plaque and saliva ... Caries Res. 17:365-368.. Glass, R.L., and S. Fleisch. 1974. Diet and dental caries: dental caries incidence and the consumption ... Dental Caries. Dental caries is the localized demineralization of the tooth surface caused by organic acid metabolites of oral ...
Recommendations for Using Fluoride to Prevent and Control Dental Caries in the United States
The fluoride from mouthrinse, like that from toothpaste, is retained in dental plaque and saliva to help prevent dental caries ... Caries Res 1990;24:286--9.. * Riordan PJ. Dental fluorosis, dental caries and fluoride exposure among 7-year-olds. Caries Res ... Consider Additional Measures for Persons at High Risk for Dental Caries Persons at high risk for dental caries might require ... RISK FOR DENTAL CARIES The prevalence and severity of dental caries in the United States have decreased substantially during ...
Salivary Proteins in Disease and Health - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
Caries. Healthy Volunteer. HV. Saliva Sample. Additional relevant MeSH terms: Diabetes Mellitus. Dental Caries. Sarcoidosis. ... Saliva contains many proteins, some of which are altered in various disease states. In this study, saliva is to be sampled in ... Diabetes Mellitus Sarcoidosis Dental Caries Sjorgrens Syndrome Cystinosis Head and Neck Neoplasms ... dental caries, or an immunodeficiency, or patients undergoing head and neck radiation may be eligible for this study. ...
Correlation between dental caries experience and the level of Streptococcus mutans and lactobacilli in saliva and carious teeth...
A positive correlation appeared between SM and LB counts from saliva and caries tissue samples and the decayed, missing and ... The number of SM and LBs in subjects with active caries was significantly higher than that in those without active caries (p , ... and their relationship with dental caries among a Yemeni adult population. ... there was no significant difference between SM and LBs isolated from saliva samples (p , 0.05). ...
Dental caries and caries-associated mechanisms found in the saliva of fi rst year students at the School of Dentistry, UNAM ...
Dental caries and caries-associated mechanisms found in the saliva of fi rst year students at the School of Dentistry, UNAM ( ... Dental caries and caries-associated mechanisms found in the saliva of fi rst year students at the School of Dentistry, UNAM ( ... Results revealed that 19 year old students exhibited lesser amounts of caries than students of other ages. Both Streptococcus ... index as well as to establish a relationship of whether caries is associated to Lactobacillus and Streptococcus microorganisms ...
Teeth and gum care: How to brush teeth, what to eat, and dental decay
... and attending regular dental checkups can all help keep your teeth and gums healthy, keep your smile beautiful, and prevent ... Stookey, G. K. (2008). The effect of saliva on dental caries. The Journal of the American Dental Association, 139, 11S-17S. ... Dental decay. Dental decay affects people of all ages, but the severity of the disease increases with age. Dental decay is ... Diet and dental caries the pivotal role of free sugars reemphasized. Journal of dental research, 94(10), 1341-1347. Retrieved ...
Maintaining and Improving the Oral Health of Young Children | From the American Academy of Pediatrics | Pediatrics
The effects of saliva on the pH and lactate concentration in dental plaques. I. Caries-rampant individuals. J Dent Res. 1959;38 ... of 15-year-olds have caries experience (ie, untreated dental caries, filled teeth, teeth missing as a result of dental caries). ... Surveillance for dental caries, dental sealants, tooth retention, edentulism, and enamel fluorosis-United States, 1988-1994 and ... During the disease process of dental caries, bacteria that are aciduric and acidogenic predominate in the dental plaque. ...
Dental Caries (ebook) by Zhou Xuedong | 9783662474501
... and prevention of dental caries. Current challenging problems in the f ... download and read Dental Caries ebook online in PDF format for iPhone, iPad, Android, Computer and Mobile readers. Author: Zhou ... Tooth Development.- Biofilm and Dental Caries.- Saliva and Dental Caries.- Mineralization and Demineralization.- Developmental ... Diagnosis of Dental Caries.- Epidemiology of Dental Caries.- Clinical Management of Dental Caries.- Dental Caries and ...
Dental Caries 3rd Edition Pdf
Protective Effects of Salivary Factors in Dental Caries in - Dental Tribune Middle East & Africa Edition 6/2018 1st ... Dental caries 3rd edition pdf Oral Health an overview ScienceDirect Topics. Saliva and oral health 3rd edition pdf WordPress. ... Dental Caries 3rd Edition Pdf. Protective Effects of Salivary Factors in Dental Caries in. The treatment of dental caries is ... Essentials of dental caries أسناني الطبي. Mechanism Of Dental Caries thecragstation.co.uk. Dental Professional Education ...
Modulation of salivary cytokines in response to alcohol, tobacco and caffeine consumption: a pilot study | Scientific Reports
Informed consent was provided and stimulated saliva samples were obtained and assayed for interleukin-1α IL-1α), Tumor Necrosis ... Volunteers were recruited from amongst the patients visiting University Dental Clinic of CEU Cardenal Herrera University ( ... Pro-inflammatory cytokines in saliva of adolescents with dental caries disease. Ann. Agric. Environ. Med. 19(4), 711-716 (2012 ... Studies have shown that TNF-α and IL1-α levels are elevated in patients suffering from oral lichen planus51,52, dental caries53 ...
Got milk? Got B.S. - Natural World - Unexplained Mysteries Discussion Forums
Musculoskeletal, Skin, and CT - First Aid Flashcards by Languages 247365 | Brainscape
Pharyngeal, Laryngeal, & Neck Disorders Flashcards by Sarah Feeney | Brainscape
ErosionToothPrevalence of dentalPeriodontal DiseaseBacterialCavitiesFlow of salivaHuman salivaPrevent dental cariesStreptococcusTooth decayFound in salivaWhole salivaSecretionDMFTDemineralizationClassifying caries riskDevelopment of cariesAmount of salivaXerostomiaPreventionCariousPermanent dentitionIncidenceOral healthSusceptibilitySignificantlyUnstimulated saliva flowFactorsEtiologyAbstractDentistryProteinsChildren and adolescents1997Effects of saliva2000Functions of salivaMicroorganismsFood particlesEarly childhHealthDentitionRisk for cariesMethodsGingivalStimulated and unstimulatedCalcium and phosphatePatients with periodontitisLevels of salivaReduce cariesDietaryMutansSalivary flow ratePeriodontitisLesionsPhosphate1999ClinicalImmune
- Once erosive tooth wear is established, prevention of further loss of dental tissue is important, not only because of the high cost of the necessary dental work, but also because of the common sequelae of oral hypersensitivity, functional and aesthetic impairment. (beds.ac.uk)
- To the best of our knowledge, no systematic study relating to the prevention of progression of erosive tooth wear caused by GERD has been reported, except a small pilot project examining optical coherence tomography as a tool for quantifying dental reflux damage [ 6 ]. (beds.ac.uk)
Prevalence of dental7
- The prevalence of dental caries is most often expressed as dmft (decayed, missing, and filled teeth) for primary dentition and DMFT for permanent teeth (Barmes and Sardo-Infirri, 1977). (nap.edu)
- Takeuchi (1961) provided time-trend data supportive of Sreebny's cross-sectional findings and reported that the prevalence of dental caries in Japanese children decreased precipitously during the late 1940s in association with the severe reduction in sugar supplies during World War II. (nap.edu)
- The prevalence of dental caries for the youngest of children has not decreased over the past decade, despite improvements for older children. (aappublications.org)
- 2003). "Electrophoretic analysis of whole saliva and prevalence of dental caries. (wikipedia.org)
- Pioneering oral epidemiologists developed an index to measure the prevalence of dental caries using the number of decayed, missing, or filled teeth (DMFT) or decayed, missing, or filled tooth surfaces (DMFS) (5) rather than merely presence of dental caries, in part because nearly all persons in most age groups in the United States had evidence of the disease. (whale.to)
- Adopting the term 'fluorosis' to replace 'mottled enamel,' Dean conducted extensive observational epidemiologic surveys and by 1942 had documented the prevalence of dental fluorosis for much of the United States (9). (whale.to)
- The high prevalence of dental caries (cavities) and periodontal (gum) disease is a major public health concern with attendant costs for treatment, loss of productivity, diminished comfort and function, and increased risks to systemic health. (asaging.org)
- Any food product that contributes to the growth of dental plaque has the potential to cause inflammation associated with periodontal disease that results from bacterial buildup in tooth biofilm (plaque). (medscape.com)
- Dental caries and periodontal disease are closely associated with dental plaque, the biofilm that results from microbial colonization of the tooth surface. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- As a result, you could have a greater chance of periodontal disease and dental caries (cavities) occurring. (colgate.com)
- Three calibrated dentists characterized dental and periodontal disease by using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey protocols. (carifree.com)
- The oral microbiome is an important factor of both dental caries and periodontal disease. (melisa.org)
- The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether there is a significant inverse association between the intensity of dental caries and the bacterial strains of Lactobacillus. (edu.mk)
- Streptococcus mutans is most strongly associated with dental caries, although other bacterial species have these capabilities and thus can also be pathogenic. (aappublications.org)
- The matrix is formed from bacterial secretions and saliva. (sciencephoto.com)
- OBJECTIVE: This in vitro study investigated whether CPP-ACP could influence microbial counts, acidogenicity, and the relative abundance of specific caries- and health-associated bacterial -species in polymicrobial biofilms. (bristol.ac.uk)
- Microbial ecological effects of CPP-ACP were assessed based on the relative abundance of 14 specific caries- and health-associated -bacterial species using a real-time quantitative PCR assay. (bristol.ac.uk)
- Streptococcus mutans has long since been the primary culprit and the most prolific among the organisms in the bacterial plaque that can lead to the development of caries, along with Streptococcus sobrinus. (avroarrow.org)
- Chewing of food causes increased salivation, so when you are not eating (being on a fast) saliva secretion reduces, causing a bacterial build up. (wizzley.com)
- It naturally reduces bacterial load in the saliva. (wizzley.com)
- When plaque and food particles are not cleansed by saliva throughout the day, bacterial growth increases. (colgate.com)
- In a five-year study, in which saliva and isolated bacterial strains from a large number of children was analyzed and the dental health monitored, the research group recently established that some high-risk children have a more virulent variant of the caries bacterium Streptococcus mutans . (umu.se)
- According to the researchers, the defective proteins probably fail to mediate the same innate and adaptive immunity responses that serve to protect individuals with small-to-moderate caries risk from the oral bacterial flora. (umu.se)
- Untreated caries can lead to incapacitating pain, a bacterial infection that leads to pulpal necrosis, tooth extraction and loss of dental function, and may progress to an acute systemic infection. (whale.to)
- The more hours an athlete spent training, the greater the instances of dental erosion, tartar plaques and cavities. (trainingpeaks.com)
- Helps prevent dental caries (cavities). (verywellhealth.com)
- According to a survey sponsored by the Children's Dental Health Project , at least 40 percent of the respondents did not realize that sugar in natural fruit juice can cause cavities in children. (baystatebanner.com)
- Dental Electrolysis -- fill cavities, treat gingivitis &c. (rexresearch.com)
- Tooth decay (also called dental cavities or dental caries) is a late side effect of radiation therapy to the head and neck. (cancer.ca)
- If not removed regularly, plaque can lead to dental cavities (caries) or periodontal problems (such as gingivitis). (masterfile.com)
- This may be indicative that breast milk does not cause cavities or caries n children. (health2blog.com)
Flow of saliva4
- 1 This flow of saliva at rest is in the region of 0.4-0.5mL/minute in healthy subjects. (nature.com)
- as well as by oral microflora and host factors (e.g., genetic susceptibility and the composition and flow of saliva). (nap.edu)
- When the parotid glands malfunction or stop working, the flow of saliva is decreased and can cause a host of problems. (verywellhealth.com)
- This function, controlled by the parasympathetic nervous system, may be compromised by some physiological conditions such as seniority, causes no pathological or by more complex diseases, for which the flow of saliva becomes insufficient. (hubpages.com)
- Human saliva comprises 99.5% water plus electrolytes , mucus , white blood cells , epithelial cells (from which DNA can be extracted), enzymes (such as amylase and lipase ), antimicrobial agents such as secretory IgA and lysozyme . (wikipedia.org)
- Produced in salivary glands , human saliva is 99.5% water, but also contains many important substances, including electrolytes , mucus , antibacterial compounds and various enzymes . (wikipedia.org)
- Salivary agglutinin (also known as gp340) is a high-molecular-weight glycoprotein in human saliva that mediates the adhesion and aggregation of S. mutans ( 4 , 14 , 18 ) via the cell wall-associated adhesin P1 (a member of the AgI/II family of cell surface proteins), encoded by spaP ( 14 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- Amylase is the most prevalent enzyme in human saliva and helps break down starches, according to the Archives of Oral Biology . (colgate.com)
- Jensen B, Bratthall D. A new method for the estimation of mutans Streptococci in human saliva. (medigraphic.com)
- Origin, structure, and biological activities of peroxidases in human saliva. (springer.com)
Prevent dental caries1
- Effect of orthodontic treatment on saliva, plaque and the levels of Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus. (semanticscholar.org)
- Numerous authors have suggested that the number of lactobacilli in saliva is a better criterion than that of Streptococcus mutans, although it is considered to be closely correlated with caries. (edu.mk)
- Dental caries is the localized demineralization of the tooth surface caused by organic acid metabolites of oral microorganisms such as Streptococcus mutans . (nap.edu)
- Both Streptococcus and Lactobacillus were significantly correlated to each other as well as to caries incidence. (unam.mx)
- Streptococcus mutans , a primary etiologic agent of human dental caries, is particularly effective at forming biofilms on the hard tissues of the human oral cavity. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- The oral health level and the role of Streptococcus mutans and dental plaque accumulation in the development of dental caries are important factors for the analysis and determination of importance as a risk factors, it have been demonstrated in preschool and scholars children, deficient hygiene practices, and for these reasons is important to use microbiological procedures in order to evaluate quantitative and qualitative the dental plaque conditions. (medigraphic.com)
- Widespread use of fluoride has been a major factor in the decline in the prevalence and severity of dental caries (i.e., tooth decay) in the United States and other economically developed countries. (cdc.gov)
- In 1966, the National Institute of Dental Research (NIDR) began planning a targeted research program to identify interventions for widespread application to eradicate dental caries (tooth decay) within a decade. (fluoridealert.org)
- Industry tactics included the following: funding research in collaboration with allied food industries on enzymes to break up dental plaque and a vaccine against tooth decay with questionable potential for widespread application, cultivation of relationships with the NIDR leadership, consulting of members on an NIDR expert panel, and submission of a report to the NIDR that became the foundation of the first request for proposals issued for the NCP. (fluoridealert.org)
- Tooth decay (dental caries) is the leading chronic disease of children and adolescents. (fluoridealert.org)
- Dentists can detect tooth decay before it causes toothache through visual examination or by taking dental X-rays, and can treat the condition by removing the decay and plugging the hole with a "dental filling. (fluoridealert.org)
- The newly recruited professor and acting associate dean at the University of Saskatchewan's College of Dentistry quickly turned serious when it came to discussing the potential benefits of his research, which is focused on two areas: using saliva to prevent conditions like tooth decay and gum disease, and testing saliva for indicators of other conditions affecting the body. (vancouversun.com)
- Inadequate amounts of saliva may also lead to gum disease and tooth decay too. (colgate.com)
- Fluoridation of community drinking water is a major factor responsible for the decline in dental caries (tooth decay) during the second half of the 20th century. (whale.to)
- All Smiles Dental Group says that a primary reason for this excessive tooth decay in infants, is that bottles filled with formula can cause liquid pooling in the baby's mouth. (health2blog.com)
Found in saliva2
- In normal condition, the unstimulated whole saliva flow rate is 0.3-0.5 ml/min, while stimulated whole saliva flow rate is 1.5-2.0 ml/min and both of them have wide ranges. (pocketdentistry.com)
- Whole saliva- and salivary agglutinin-induced aggregation of S. mutans was adversely affected by the loss of P1 and sortase (SrtA) but not by the loss of trigger factor (RopA). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- Fluid-phase salivary agglutinin and, to a lesser extent, immobilized agglutinin inhibited biofilm development by S. mutans in the absence of sucrose, and whole saliva was more effective at decreasing biofilm formation than salivary agglutinin. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- The saliva circulating in the mouth at any given time is termed as whole saliva and it comprises of a mixture of secretions from the major and minor salivary glands and traces from the gingival crevicular fluid. (indmedica.com)
- Guven Y, Satman I, Dinccag N, Alptekin S. Salivary per- oxidase activity in whole saliva of patients with insulin-dependent (type-l) diabetes mellitus. (nih.gov)
- It is generally accepted, however, that saliva secretion and salivary components secreted in saliva are important for dental health. (utu.fi)
- The function and secretion of saliva can be disturbed after radiation therapy for head and neck cancer, by auto-immune diseases affecting glandular tissues such as Sjögren's syndrome [ 3 , 4 ] or as a side-effect of numerous drugs. (mdpi.com)
- Saliva definitely promotes oral health and hence lack of its secretion contributes to the disease process [2, (indmedica.com)
- Under normal circumstances, around 0.5 ml of saliva, almost entirely of the mucus type, is secreted every minute, except during sleep, when the secretion becomes very scanty. (wizzley.com)
- These glands are responsible for production and secretion of saliva. (dermnetnz.org)
- The major salivary glands, parotid, submandibular and sublingual, together with numerous other minor glands are positioned in the oral cavity that have the function of production and secretion of saliva which participates in the digestive process. (hubpages.com)
- In the study we used the generally accepted index of the presence or absence of a Klein - Palmer index caries process, designated as DMFT. (edu.mk)
- Oral hygiene and caries were assessed using the simplified oral hygiene index and dft/DMFT index, respectively. (quintpub.com)
- Those in the normal BMI range had a significantly higher prevalence of caries (57%) and DMFT score (1.92) compared with the overweight and obese groups (P (who.int)
- Application of the DMFT index in epidemiologic surveys throughout the United States in the 1930s and 1940s allowed quantitative distinctions in dental caries experience among communities--an innovation that proved critical in identifying a preventive agent and evaluating its effects. (whale.to)
- Dental caries is characterized by demineralization of inorganic portion of tooth and destruction of organic substances of tooth, which often leads to cavitation. (banglajol.info)
- A dynamic process takes place at the surface of the tooth that involves constant demineralization and remineralization of the tooth enamel (the caries balance). (aappublications.org)
- Saliva is an important factor in buffering the low pH and bringing these demineralization pressures back to a balance with remineralization. (aappublications.org)
- After an introductory chapter on tooth development, the relationships of biofilm and saliva to dental caries and the significance of the balance between demineralization and remineralization for the development of carious lesions are discussed. (ebooks.com)
- Caries is a process that begins with demineralization and, at early stages, can be reversed, either through the natural process of remineralization or through enhanced remineralization due to fluoride therapy. (dentalcare.com)
- Demineralization is countered by the deposit of minerals from your saliva. (fluoridealert.org)
Classifying caries risk1
Development of caries1
- Within the limitation of this study, we can conclude that, alterations in the physicochemical properties of saliva such as decreased salivary flow rate, pH, buffering capacity, calcium and increased total proteins and total antioxidant capacity play a major role in the development of caries. (indmedica.com)
Amount of saliva3
- The amount of saliva produced by the human body is around 1,5 liters daily. (dentalsolutionsalgodones.com)
- Until now, there is no effective treatment that increases the amount of saliva and the patients have low improvements with cholinergic drugs such as pilocarpine and cevimeline. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- When you have an inadequate amount of saliva in your mouth, there's a chance some physical issues may arise too. (colgate.com)
- Mouth soreness is very common in people with reduced saliva ( xerostomia ) and food (especially dry food) sticks to the inside of the mouth. (wikipedia.org)
- It has become part of an anti-caries prevention program, especially in patients suffering from xerostomia. (nih.gov)
- Those with xerostomia or insufficient saliva can stimulate saliva glands by eating foods with fiber and frequently sipping water. (bumrungrad.com)
- Sixty percent of adolescents from an inpatient psychiatric clinic reported having xerostomia, which may lead to increased caries risk over time. (carifree.com)
- In addition to moderating microbial factors and encouraging preventive dietary behaviours, a core goal in caries prevention is promoting the natural protective mechanisms of saliva. (nature.com)
- Because the youngest children visit the pediatrician more often than they visit the dentist, it is important that pediatricians be knowledgeable about the disease process of dental caries, prevention of the disease, and interventions available to the pediatrician and the family to maintain and restore health. (aappublications.org)
- This book is a well-illustrated and comprehensive guide to the etiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, clinical management, and prevention of dental caries. (ebooks.com)
- Subsequent chapters address the state of the art in diagnosis and treatment, the implications of disease burden for prevention, and the association between systemic diseases and dental caries. (ebooks.com)
- Prevention of Dental Caries. (ebooks.com)
- Name three roles of saliva in caries prevention. (eiseverywhere.com)
- Dental hygienists are key to personalized, evidence-based caries prevention, which involves a thorough and comprehensive assessment of individual risk indicators and factors, detection and diagnosis of carious lesions, and acknowledgement and incorporation of the patient's medical and dental histories. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
- 1 Modern caries management is determined by risk-based prevention strategies and disease management, centering on identification of the risk and protective indicators, not just the treatment of the disease outcome. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
- The children with congenital heart disease had received more caries prevention based on the use of fluorides than the control group. (diva-portal.org)
- Organized dentistry, which includes the American Dental Association, the Oral Health Division of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and state dental directors, is the only health profession that seeks to deliver its services via the public's water supply. (mercola.com)
- These high-risk individuals do not respond to traditional caries prevention or treatment, and bio markers cannot predict future risk of caries in the group. (umu.se)
- In this way, prevention could be implemented at a young age when caries can be prevented more easily. (umu.se)
- A systematic review of selected caries prevention and management methods. (medigraphic.com)
- This could help for identifying population at high risk of dental caries and to develop oral health prevention programs in specific populations. (scielo.cl)
- This may be secondary to the reduced incidence of caries as conditions within a carious lesion tend to promote the growth of these organisms. (nih.gov)
- The aim was to measure the effect of StN21 on the rate of mineral loss in a model system for dental caries and erosion using HAp subjected to artificial carious and erosive conditions. (springer.com)
- Chadwick, B. and Pendry, L.: 2004, Non-carious dental conditions: Children's dental health in the United Kingdom. (springer.com)
- We selected an age group of 12 years following WHO recommendations that recommends that age for global dental caries monitoring and applies only to children with permanent dentition. (edu.mk)
- Dental caries by dmf(t) and dmf(s) indices for primary dentition and DMF(T) and DMF(S) indices was used in permanent dentition to assess the dental caries experience. (mendeley.com)
- Vanobbergen J, Martens L, lesaffre E, Bogaerts K, Declerck D. The value of a baseline caries risk assessment model in the primary dentition for the prediction of caries incidence in permanent dentition. (medigraphic.com)
- 2 For some age groups, the incidence of dental caries has decreased or stayed the same, but for the youngest children, it has increased. (aappublications.org)
- Caries also occurs in adults, and its incidence appears to increase with age. (medscape.com)
- [ 10 ] Evidence also shows that sport drinks may be increasing the incidence of dental erosion, which can precede caries in both child and adult athletes. (medscape.com)
- This has been documented by the effects of salivary dysfunction on caries incidence and by the distribution of sites of caries predilection in areas where saliva presence is restricted. (nih.gov)
- 4 Abanto et al 5 found that the use of a caries risk assessment program was effective at reducing the incidence and progression of initial caries lesions in children. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
- In turn, the mucin-glycoproteins present in saliva play a dominating role in the maintenance of oral health [ 9 ]. (medsci.org)
- Collectively, these reports conclude that biomarkers of different biological origin may be adequately assessed in saliva samples and support the concept that the biological composition of saliva reflects individual oral health status. (peerj.com)
- Saliva plays a significant role in maintaining oral health, helping to build and maintain the health of soft and hard tissues. (nature.com)
- When saliva flow is reduced, oral health problems such as dental caries and oral infections can develop. (nature.com)
- Oral health is an essential component of wellbeing, and dental emergencies may pose a big challenge to volunteers in developing countries. (themediaconsortium.com)
- Dental health neglected by over 60 % of Indians ( Oral health is something that should oc. (bio-medicine.org)
- According to research 8 presented at the April 2017 National Oral Health Conference in Albuquerque, New Mexico, 57 percent of youth between the ages of 6 and 19 years have dental fluorosis, a condition in which your tooth enamel becomes progressively discolored and mottled. (fluoridealert.org)
- Our geriatric dental professionals provide care for seniors with a variety of oral health programs, whether simply for maintenance or for more serious conditions. (bumrungrad.com)
- The aim was to compare the oral health status of patients with eating disorders (EDs), with sex-and age-matched controls, with a view to identify self-reported and clinical parameters that might alert the dental healthcare professional to the possibility of EDs. (diva-portal.org)
- The ED patients with vomiting/binge eating behaviors reported worse perceived oral health (OR = 6.0) and had more dental erosion (OR = 5.5) than those without such behavior. (diva-portal.org)
- The caries susceptibility test, which we call the CARE test, is based on the types of oligosaccharides (sugar chains) attached to proteins in saliva. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Further Remarks on the Validity of Marshall s "Salivary Factor" for the Biochemical Determination of Susceptibility to, or Immunity from, Dental Caries. (umich.edu)
- The results showed that children with high susceptibility or risk for caries had defective proteins in their saliva. (umu.se)
- The researchers describe how allelic variation in PRH1 and PRH2 , encoding acidic proline-rich proteins, separate children into different caries susceptibility or risk groupings. (umu.se)
- As expected, children with a low-to-moderate susceptibility or risk for caries along with a genetically intact set of proteins were found to develop caries from bad eating and oral hygiene routines and S. mutans -infection. (umu.se)
- However, the children with high susceptibility develop caries independent of eating- or oral hygiene routines or S. mutans -infection but from the immune deficiency. (umu.se)
- This new knowledge about genetic susceptibility groupings could be used to improve individualized dental care. (umu.se)
- The authors used a large community sample of methamphetamine (MA) users to verify the patterns and severity of dental disease and establish a hierarchy of caries susceptibility by tooth type and tooth surface. (carifree.com)
- Results: The results showed that salivary flow rate, salivary pH, and BC were significantly higher in the saliva of caries-free children. (ovid.com)
- Also, the salivary CA VI concentration was significantly higher in the saliva of caries-free children. (ovid.com)
- Without normal salivary function the frequency of dental caries , gum disease ( gingivitis and periodontitis ), and other oral problems increases significantly. (wikipedia.org)
- 1 In children 2 to 4 years of age, the caries experience increased significantly, from 19% to 24%, during that same time period. (aappublications.org)
- Another somewhat new observation was that carriage at ≥ 1000 CFU/ml in particular significantly correlated with caries in primary and permanent dentitions (r = 0.23 and 0.18, respectively) as well as a caries-active status (OR = 6.9). (quintpub.com)
- Interestingly, the C. glabrata cluster had significantly lower primary caries scores than other clusters. (quintpub.com)
- Mean BMI was significantly lower in boys with severe compared with mild or no caries. (who.int)
- The results revealed that when all these parameters were compared among the caries free and caries active children, the flow rate, pH and buffering capacity were slightly reduced in caries active children, but the total proteins and total antioxidant capacity of saliva increased significantly in caries active children and the total calcium decreased significantly in caries active children. (indmedica.com)
- Multivariate analysis identified significantly higher ORs for ED patients to present dental problems (OR = 4.1), burning tongue (OR = 14.2), dry/cracked lips (OR = 9.6), dental erosion (OR = 8.5), and less gingival bleeding (OR = 1.1) compared with healthy controls. (diva-portal.org)
- In ED patients with longer duration of the disease, dental erosion was significantly more common. (diva-portal.org)
Unstimulated saliva flow1
- There are numerous etiological factors for dental caries, from which most are confirmed etiological factors, but still many remain to be researched to their full extend. (edu.mk)
- Many years of research have established that dietary factors are directly related to dental caries and erosion. (medscape.com)
- List three factors contributing to dental caries. (eiseverywhere.com)
- Sheutzel P. Etiology of dental erosion-intrinsic factors. (springer.com)
- Zero D T. Etiology of dental erosion-extrinsic factors. (springer.com)
- 3 Risk assessment recognizes known disease risk factors of dental disease, allowing dental hygienists to effectively aid in promoting personalized preventive strategies specific to that patient's behaviors and habits-including customizing the frequency of preventive care and recare appointments-and providing oral hygiene education and nutritional counseling. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
- 13 The interaction between 10 caries risk factors is considered, and the caries risk profile of the individual is graphically illustrated. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
- The general aim of this thesis was to study the caries prevalence and some possible background factors in children with complex CHD.Paper I examined the caries prevalence in 41 children with complex CHD and 41 healthy age- and gender-matched controls. (diva-portal.org)
- It is also profoundly affected by other factors like oral hygiene and saliva . (indmedica.com)
- Hence evaluation of those factors in saliva that may increase the risk of individuals to dental caries, can pave way to make recommendations that will cater specifically to needs of an individual . (indmedica.com)
- Haeckel R. Factors influencing the saliva/plasma ratio of drugs. (nih.gov)
- The risk of caries, however, is usually related to just a few common factors and understanding these factors makes CAMBRA more clinically adaptable. (carifree.com)
- it also mentions about the role of saliva in dentistry. (slideshare.net)
- Dental Caries: Principles and Management is intended for dental school students, practicing dentists, and researchers in dentistry. (ebooks.com)
- One hundred and twenty children of age group between 7 14 years reporting to the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Bapuji Dental College and Hospital, Davangere, were included as subjects of this study. (indmedica.com)
- However, knowledge of the proteins and glycoproteins present in saliva is only fragmentary. (medsci.org)
- In our previous studies, we demonstrated a significant association between salivary acidic proline-rich proteins (APRP-1/2) and the severity of caries [ 8 ]. (medsci.org)
- The proteins in the saliva samples were subjected to denaturing buffer and digested enzymatically with LysC and trypsin. (peerj.com)
- The oral tissues, a part of the mucosal immune system, are constantly covered by saliva, which harbors a similar set of antimicrobial proteins as other mucosal fluids [ 2 ]. (mdpi.com)
- It will use a method called salivary proteomics to identify multiple proteins in saliva and discover if there are protein patterns unique to specific diseases. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Saliva contains many proteins, some of which are altered in various disease states. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Siqueira explained that saliva contains proteins, along with elements like calcium and phosphate, that help maintain and repair tooth enamel. (vancouversun.com)
- We created a method to use the saliva to identify the peptides, the proteins of the virus in saliva that is more reliable than what is in the blood, or to use any other body fluid. (vancouversun.com)
- The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the physicochemical properties of saliva such as flow rate, pH, buffering capacity, calcium, total proteins and total antioxidant capacity in caries free and caries active children. (indmedica.com)
- It has been long recognized that saliva serves as a mirror of the body's health as it contains proteins, hormones, antibodies and other molecules that are frequently measured in standard blood tests to monitor health and disease. (indmedica.com)
- Our results now show that this correlation is accurate for approximately four out of five individuals, who have a small-to-moderate risk of developing caries because their composition of salivary innate immunity proteins make them relatively resistant to caries. (umu.se)
- However, we have shown that so-called high-risk individuals, which are about one in five individuals, carry a genetically different composition of the same salivary innate immunity proteins, making them highly susceptible to caries independent of eating- or oral hygiene habits or S. mutans -infection. (umu.se)
Children and adolescents1
- According to the clinical trial data, we determined the intensity (presence / absence) of dental caries (WHO, Geneve, 1997). (edu.mk)
- This warning was made mandatory for fluoride-containing dental products by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in April, 1997. (fluoridealert.org)
- 1997). New frontiers in dental anthropology: creative approaches to diet and stress in prehistory. (wikipedia.org)
Effects of saliva1
Functions of saliva1
- The aim of this study was to evaluate the break homeostasis in the oral environment and the levels of microorganisms associated with dental caries among the different types of brackets. (bvsalud.org)
- The in situ analyses showed alteration in S. mutans (p=0.047), whose highest levels were observed to the In-Ovation®R. Conclusions The orthodontic appliances break the salivary homeostasis of microorganisms involved in dental caries . (bvsalud.org)
- Lactobacilli were the first microorganisms to be linked and mentioned as causes of dental caries. (edu.mk)
- Chemical Studies of the Relations of Oral Microorganisms to Dental Caries. (umich.edu)
- In addition to acting as a buffering agent, saliva also flushes the oral cavity of food particles and provides an environment rich in calcium and phosphate to aid in remineralization. (aappublications.org)
- Gum is a great saliva generator that helps remove food particles from your mouth. (deltadental.com)
- The physical and chemical properties of saliva are essential for the preservation of dental health [ 7 ]. (medsci.org)
- Clinical examinations were conducted by one examiner according to World Health Organization criteria + early caries lesions. (ovid.com)
- What purpose does it have in our dental health? (dentalsolutionsalgodones.com)
- Despite the scientific and technological evolution, dental caries is still one of the leading health concerns throughout the world that affects population groups from all ages, especially school children. (edu.mk)
- The relationship between nutrition and dental health has been a topic of interest for many years. (nih.gov)
- Although declining in prevalence, dental caries in the United States remains a significant health problem. (nap.edu)
- 1987). The estimated costs of dental care in the United States amounted to $25.1 billion in 1984, or 6.5% of total health care costs (Levit et al. (nap.edu)
- As health care professionals responsible for the overall health of children, pediatricians frequently confront morbidity associated with dental caries. (aappublications.org)
- 7/08/2013 · Thanks a lot for your great post.it is informative post for health care.This post give me more new information about dental problem solve tip's.i like this post. (themediaconsortium.com)
- In addition, it has been shown that people do not associate dental health with adequate oral care. (bio-medicine.org)
- CHIP Includes Dental Coverage ( The Children's Health Insurance Program. (bio-medicine.org)
- The Children's Health Insurance Program, CHIP, a state health insurance program, in Texas, now includes dental coverage for children enrolled under this plan. (bio-medicine.org)
- Dental health of children suffering from acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. (springer.com)
- 0.01).Paper II investigated attitudes and experiences of dental health information and advice, dental care, and service in 33 parents of children with complex CHD and 33 parents of age- and gender-matched controls. (diva-portal.org)
- We spend more than $14 billion on dental caries," he said, noting that this money comes out of Canadians' pockets, as dental care isn't covered by the public health care system. (vancouversun.com)
- However, unlike whole blood, saliva is easy to collect, less painful to the patient and is less infectious for the health care provider. (indmedica.com)
- One reason for poor dental health in children may be attributed to myths and misunderstandings. (baystatebanner.com)
- If you're a woman curious about how menopause and other hormonal changes will affect your dental health, you're not alone! (colgate.com)
- Diet and Dental Health. (deltadental.com)
- www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/d/diet-and-dental-health Accessed 2013. (deltadental.com)
- Conduct dental health clinics for community groups to augment services of dentist. (onetonline.org)
- The identification of a possible etiologic agent for mottled enamel led to the establishment in 1931 of the Dental Hygiene Unit at the National Institute of Health headed by Dr. H. Trendley Dean. (whale.to)
Risk for caries1
- Materials and Methods: Seventy-four school children were divided into a caries-free group and a caries group. (ovid.com)
- The lower age limit will be determined by the ability to cooperate with saliva collection methods: i.e. 6 months to 100 years old. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- METHODS: Saliva-derived polymicrobial biofilms were grown for 96 h in a cariogenic environment and treated every 12 h with 2% CPP-ACP or vehicle control. (bristol.ac.uk)
Stimulated and unstimulated1
Calcium and phosphate2
Patients with periodontitis3
- The composition of the salivary microbiota has been reported to differentiate between patients with periodontitis, dental caries and orally healthy individuals. (peerj.com)
- To identify characteristics of diseased and healthy saliva we thus wanted to compare saliva metaproteomes from patients with periodontitis and dental caries to healthy individuals. (peerj.com)
- Stimulated saliva samples were collected from 10 patients with periodontitis, 10 patients with dental caries and 10 orally healthy individuals. (peerj.com)
Levels of saliva1
- The present tests are useful for estimating the caries activity due to bad dietary habits (salivary lactobacilli), establishing the presence of infection (salivary mutans streptococci), and identification of salivary yeasts for the determination of the medical condition of the patient. (semanticscholar.org)
- [ 7 ] Dietary habits and the risk of caries in children may also be confounded by maternal educational level. (medscape.com)
- This study aimed to determine the association between dental caries, body mass index (BMI) and dietary habits of 12-year-old boys from four geographically distinct schools in Medina. (who.int)
- The children had poor dietary habits and there were no significant associations between dietary variables and caries. (who.int)
- Dietary concerns become a factor when discussing dental caries. (avroarrow.org)
- FDA also mention the representatives from 'underserved communities, who expressed concern about the cumulative effect of mercury vapor exposure from dental amalgam, as well as from other (dietary and environmental) sources. (melisa.org)
- We have examined biofilm formation by S. mutans UA159, and derivative strains carrying mutations affecting the localization or expression of P1, in the presence of fluid-phase or adsorbed saliva or salivary agglutinin preparations. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- Adherence of S. mutans to dental surfaces is the first step in the formation of biofilms by this organism and is mediated by sucrose-dependent and sucrose-independent mechanisms ( 8 , 16 ). (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
- Caries, S. mutans. (medigraphic.com)
- Dental caries and mutans Streptococci in selected groups of urban and native Indian schoolchildren in Mexico. (medigraphic.com)
- 2001) Efficacy of a dip slide test for mutans streptococci in caries risk assessment. (medigraphic.com)
- SOLER, Eduardo R y CONTRERAS, Estela M . Colonization of the oral cavity by group mutans streptococci according to age assesed by a semi-quantitative method in saliva . (scielo.cl)
- The concentration of group mutans streptococci in saliva was test by a 3-way ANOVA. (scielo.cl)
- Strep mutans love the combination of not enough saliva and sugar, and this produces caries. (health2blog.com)
Salivary flow rate3
- A high activity of CA and a low salivary flow rate were associated with dental caries. (ovid.com)
- Conclusion: These results support the conclusion that dental caries is highly affected by the activity of CA VI in saliva as well as by the salivary flow rate. (ovid.com)
- The findings obtained conclude that even though there was reduced salivary flow rate in diabetic group the caries prevalence was low. (mendeley.com)
- There are three major buffer systems in saliva: the carbonic acid/bicarbonate, the phosphate, and the protein buffer. (pocketdentistry.com)
- The phosphate buffer plays an important role in unstimulated saliva. (pocketdentistry.com)
- During food intake, its effectiveness is limited due to insufficient concentrations of phosphate in saliva. (pocketdentistry.com)
- Clinical Management of Dental Caries. (ebooks.com)
- 2 The process of assessing caries risk should be incorporated into the preventive care visit, while the identification of risk determinants and subsequent risk level designation should be included in the clinical decision-making process for both the clinician and patient. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
- 6 years of clinical dental hygiene experience in community-based and general practice. (dimensionsofdentalhygiene.com)
- Titanium implants currently widely used in clinical practice, mainly used in dental implants, bone implant materials in the field of cardiovascular stents, with excellent biological activity and irreplaceable. (rexresearch.com)
- Eating disorder patients and controls answered a questionnaire and underwent dental clinical examinations. (diva-portal.org)