A genus of the family CEBIDAE consisting of four species: S. boliviensis, S. orstedii (red-backed squirrel monkey), S. sciureus (common squirrel monkey), and S. ustus. They inhabit tropical rain forests in Central and South America. S. sciureus is used extensively in research studies.
The type species of RHADINOVIRUS, in the subfamily GAMMAHERPESVIRINAE, isolated from squirrel monkeys. It produces malignant lymphomas (LYMPHOMA, MALIGNANT) in inoculated marmosets or owl monkeys.
A species in the family AOTIDAE, inhabiting the forested regions of Central and South America (from Panama to the Amazon). Vocalizations occur primarily at night when they are active, thus they are also known as Northern night monkeys.
A subfamily in the family CEBIDAE that consists of four genera: CALLITHRIX (marmosets), CALLIMICO (Goeldi's monkey), LEONTOPITHECUS (lion tamarins), and SAGUINUS (long-tusked tamarins). The members of this family inhabit the tropical forests of South and Central America.
A family of New World monkeys in the infraorder PLATYRRHINI, consisting of nine subfamilies: ALOUATTINAE; AOTINAE; Atelinae; Callicebinae; CALLIMICONINAE; CALLITRICHINAE; CEBINAE; Pithecinae; and SAIMIRINAE. They inhabit the forests of South and Central America, comprising the largest family of South American monkeys.
A family of the New World monkeys inhabiting the forests of South and Central America. There is a single genus and several species occurring in this family, including AOTUS TRIVIRGATUS (Northern night monkeys).
A family of enveloped, linear, double-stranded DNA viruses infecting a wide variety of animals. Subfamilies, based on biological characteristics, include: ALPHAHERPESVIRINAE; BETAHERPESVIRINAE; and GAMMAHERPESVIRINAE.
A genus in the subfamily CALLITRICHINAE consisting of 12 species and found in Panama as well as South America. Species seen most frequently in the literature are S. oedipus (cotton-top marmoset), S. nigricollis, and S. fusicollis.
Diseases of Old World and New World monkeys. This term includes diseases of baboons but not of chimpanzees or gorillas (= APE DISEASES).
An inheritable change in cells manifested by changes in cell division and growth and alterations in cell surface properties. It is induced by infection with a transforming virus.
Virus diseases caused by the HERPESVIRIDAE.
A suborder of PRIMATES consisting of six families: CEBIDAE (some New World monkeys), ATELIDAE (some New World monkeys), CERCOPITHECIDAE (Old World monkeys), HYLOBATIDAE (gibbons and siamangs), CALLITRICHINAE (marmosets and tamarins), and HOMINIDAE (humans and great apes).
A genus of the subfamily CALLITRICHINAE occurring in forests of Brazil and Bolivia and containing seventeen species.
Proteins found in any species of virus.
An infraorder of New World monkeys, comprised of the families AOTIDAE; ATELIDAE; CEBIDAE; and PITHECIIDAE. They are found exclusively in the Americas.
This enzyme is a lymphoid-specific src family tyrosine kinase that is critical for T-cell development and activation. Lck is associated with the cytoplasmic domains of CD4, CD8 and the beta-chain of the IL-2 receptor, and is thought to be involved in the earliest steps of TCR-mediated T-cell activation.
A genus of the family CEBIDAE, subfamily CEBINAE, consisting of four species which are divided into two groups, the tufted and untufted. C. apella has tufts of hair over the eyes and sides of the head. The remaining species are without tufts - C. capucinus, C. nigrivultatus, and C. albifrons. Cebus inhabits the forests of Central and South America.
A sequence of successive nucleotide triplets that are read as CODONS specifying AMINO ACIDS and begin with an INITIATOR CODON and end with a stop codon (CODON, TERMINATOR).
Infections produced by oncogenic viruses. The infections caused by DNA viruses are less numerous but more diverse than those caused by the RNA oncogenic viruses.
The functional hereditary units of VIRUSES.
Deoxyribonucleic acid that makes up the genetic material of viruses.
A genus of the family HERPESVIRIDAE, subfamily GAMMAHERPESVIRINAE, infecting New World primates and other species. HERPESVIRUS 2, SAIMIRIINE is the type species.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
Eukaryotic cell line obtained in a quiescent or stationary phase which undergoes conversion to a state of unregulated growth in culture, resembling an in vitro tumor. It occurs spontaneously or through interaction with viruses, oncogenes, radiation, or drugs/chemicals.
Lymphocytes responsible for cell-mediated immunity. Two types have been identified - cytotoxic (T-LYMPHOCYTES, CYTOTOXIC) and helper T-lymphocytes (T-LYMPHOCYTES, HELPER-INDUCER). They are formed when lymphocytes circulate through the THYMUS GLAND and differentiate to thymocytes. When exposed to an antigen, they divide rapidly and produce large numbers of new T cells sensitized to that antigen.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
A genus of flagellate EUKARYOTES possessing three long anterior flagella.
The three membranous semicircular ducts within the bony semicircular canals. They open into the UTRICLE through five openings. Each duct has at one end a sensory area called the ampullary crest. AMPULLARY HAIR CELLS of the crests sense the movement of ENDOLYMPH resulting from rotation of the head.
Products of viral oncogenes, most commonly retroviral oncogenes. They usually have transforming and often protein kinase activities.
A subfamily of HERPESVIRIDAE characterized by variable reproductive cycles. The genera include: LYMPHOCRYPTOVIRUS and RHADINOVIRUS.
The process of intracellular viral multiplication, consisting of the synthesis of PROTEINS; NUCLEIC ACIDS; and sometimes LIPIDS, and their assembly into a new infectious particle.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The complete genetic complement contained in a DNA or RNA molecule in a virus.
The determination of the pattern of genes expressed at the level of GENETIC TRANSCRIPTION, under specific circumstances or in a specific cell.
The portion of an interactive computer program that issues messages to and receives commands from a user.
A loose confederation of computer communication networks around the world. The networks that make up the Internet are connected through several backbone networks. The Internet grew out of the US Government ARPAnet project and was designed to facilitate information exchange.
Software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web.
Databases devoted to knowledge about specific genes and gene products.
The protein complement of an organism coded for by its genome.
A species in the genus RHADINOVIRUS, subfamily GAMMAHERPESVIRINAE, isolated from patients with AIDS-related and "classical" Kaposi sarcoma.
The type species of ROSEOLOVIRUS isolated from patients with AIDS and other LYMPHOPROLIFERATIVE DISORDERS. It infects and replicates in fresh and established lines of hematopoietic cells and cells of neural origin. It also appears to alter NK cell activity. HHV-6; (HBLV) antibodies are elevated in patients with AIDS, Sjogren's syndrome, sarcoidosis, chronic fatigue syndrome, and certain malignancies. HHV-6 is the cause of EXANTHEMA SUBITUM and has been implicated in encephalitis.
A basic enzyme that is present in saliva, tears, egg white, and many animal fluids. It functions as an antibacterial agent. The enzyme catalyzes the hydrolysis of 1,4-beta-linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in peptidoglycan and between N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in chitodextrin. EC 3.2.1.17.
Liquid components of living organisms.
White blood cells formed in the body's lymphoid tissue. The nucleus is round or ovoid with coarse, irregularly clumped chromatin while the cytoplasm is typically pale blue with azurophilic (if any) granules. Most lymphocytes can be classified as either T or B (with subpopulations of each), or NATURAL KILLER CELLS.
An enzyme of the transferase class that catalyzes the reaction 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate and dUMP to dihydrofolate and dTMP in the synthesis of thymidine triphosphate. (From Dorland, 27th ed) EC 2.1.1.45.
The branch of medicine concerned with diseases, mainly of parasitic origin, common in tropical and subtropical regions.
A protozoan parasite that causes vivax malaria (MALARIA, VIVAX). This species is found almost everywhere malaria is endemic and is the only one that has a range extending into the temperate regions.
The prototypical antimalarial agent with a mechanism that is not well understood. It has also been used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, and in the systemic therapy of amebic liver abscesses.
Malaria caused by PLASMODIUM VIVAX. This form of malaria is less severe than MALARIA, FALCIPARUM, but there is a higher probability for relapses to occur. Febrile paroxysms often occur every other day.

Low oxygen inhibits but complex high-glucose medium facilitates in vitro maturation of squirrel monkey oocyte-granulosa cell complexes. (1/659)

PURPOSE: The objectives of these in vitro maturation studies in primate cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were to evaluate the effect of a reduced-oxygen environment and to compare medium with a high-glucose concentration to medium with pyruvate but no glucose. METHODS: COCs were retrieved from squirrel monkeys stimulated with 1 mg of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) for 4-6 days. Experiment 1 examined maturation after 48 hr in 5% O2/5% CO2/90% N2 compared with 5% CO2/air. The medium was CMRL-1066 containing moderate glucose (5.5 mM) supplemented with 1 mM glutamine, 0.33 mM pyruvate, 0.075 IU/ml human FSH, 5 IU/ml human chorionic gonadotropin, 75 U penicillin G/ml, and 20% fetal bovine serum. Experiment 2 in 5% CO2/air, compared P-1 medium (pyruvate and lactate but no glucose) to Waymouth's medium (27.5 mM glucose), both with identical supplements. RESULTS: Only 3 (8%) of 37 COCs matured in 5% O2, while 39 (49%) of 80 matured in ambient O2. Fourteen (22%) of 64 complexes matured in P-1 medium, compared to 47 (49%) of 96 meiosis II oocytes in Waymouth's medium (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: These are the first primate studies showing detrimental effects of reduced-oxygen culture on in vitro maturation. Additionally, maturation was enhanced with complex high-glucose medium suggesting that the predominant metabolism is aerobic glycolysis.  (+info)

Endogenous thermoregulatory rhythms of squirrel monkeys in thermoneutrality and cold. (2/659)

Whole body heat production (HP) and heat loss (HL) were examined to determine if the free-running circadian rhythm in body temperature (Tb) results from coordinated changes in HP and HL rhythms in thermoneutrality (27 degrees C) as well as mild cold (17 degrees C). Squirrel monkey metabolism (n = 6) was monitored by both indirect and direct calorimetry, with telemetered measurement of Tb and activity. Feeding was also measured. Rhythms of HP, HL, and conductance were tightly coupled with the circadian Tb rhythm at both ambient temperatures (TA). At 17 degrees C, increased HP compensated for higher HL at all phases of the Tb rhythm, resulting in only minor changes to Tb. Parallel compensatory changes of HP and HL were seen at all rhythm phases at both TA. Similar time courses of Tb, HP, and HL in their respective rhythms and the relative stability of Tb during both active and rest periods suggest action of the circadian timing system on Tb set point.  (+info)

Trigeminal nerve and brainstem catecholamine systems in cerebral vasospasm. (3/659)

Cisternal blood injection in the rat and squirrel monkey produces a biphasic cerebral vasospasm, a decrease in cerebral blood flow (CBF) and an increase in glucose uptake (CMRglu) due to an anaerobic glucolysis actually representing a decrease in metabolism. Lesioning of the A2-nucleus, its ascending cathecolamine pathways or their projection site, the median eminence in the hypothalamus, prevents the occurrence of spasm. A unilateral postganglionic trigeminal lesion causes an ipsilateral constriction of the cerebral arteries while a preganglionic lesion does not affect the baseline arterial diameter. Both kinds of trigeminal lesions induce a global increase in glucose uptake of about 50% without influencing CBF. Following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) the decrease in CBF in both groups of lesioned animals is similar to that seen in controls. After SAH there is no further change in CMRglu in the animals with a preganglionic lesion, while in the postganglionically lesioned animals there is an additional increase in CMRglu of about 50% as compared to controls or animals with a preganglionic lesion. Treatment with the peptidergic substance P (SP) antagonist, spantide, or gammaglobulin against SP prevents or significantly reduces the degree of spasm and the changes in flow and metabolism normally seen post-SAH. The non-peptidergic neurokinins NK1 and NK3 antagonists do not influence flow and metabolism in SAH animals. The NK2 seems to change both flow and metabolism post-SAH in rats.  (+info)

Effects of viewing distance on the responses of horizontal canal-related secondary vestibular neurons during angular head rotation. (4/659)

Effects of viewing distance on the responses of horizontal canal-related secondary vestibular neurons during angular head rotation. The eye movements generated by the horizontal canal-related angular vestibuloocular reflex (AVOR) depend on the distance of the image from the head and the axis of head rotation. The effects of viewing distance on the responses of 105 horizontal canal-related central vestibular neurons were examined in two squirrel monkeys that were trained to fixate small, earth-stationary targets at different distances (10 and 150 cm) from their eyes. The majority of these cells (77/105) were identified as secondary vestibular neurons by synaptic activation following electrical stimulation of the vestibular nerve. All of the viewing distance-sensitive units were also sensitive to eye movements in the absence of head movements. Some classes of eye movement-related vestibular units were more sensitive to viewing distance than others. For example, the average increase in rotational gain (discharge rate/head velocity) of position-vestibular-pause units was 20%, whereas the gain increase of eye-head-velocity units was 44%. The concomitant change in gain of the AVOR was 11%. Near viewing responses of units phase lagged the responses they generated during far target viewing by 6-25 degrees. A similar phase lag was not observed in either the near AVOR eye movements or in the firing behavior of burst-position units in the vestibular nuclei whose firing behavior was only related to eye movements. The viewing distance-related increase in the evoked eye movements and in the rotational gain of all unit classes declined progressively as stimulus frequency increased from 0.7 to 4.0 Hz. When monkeys canceled their VOR by fixating head-stationary targets, the responses recorded during near and far target viewing were comparable. However, the viewing distance-related response changes exhibited by central units were not directly attributable to the eye movement signals they generated. Subtraction of static eye position signals reduced, but did not abolish viewing distance gain changes in most units. Smooth pursuit eye velocity sensitivity and viewing distance sensitivity were not well correlated. We conclude that the central premotor pathways that mediate the AVOR also mediate viewing distance-related changes in the reflex. Because irregular vestibular nerve afferents are necessary for viewing distance-related gain changes in the AVOR, we suggest that a central estimate of viewing distance is used to parametrically modify vestibular afferent inputs to secondary vestibuloocular reflex pathways.  (+info)

Effects of viewing distance on the responses of vestibular neurons to combined angular and linear vestibular stimulation. (5/659)

Effects of viewing distance on the responses of vestibular neurons to combined angular and linear vestibular stimulation. The firing behavior of 59 horizontal canal-related secondary vestibular neurons was studied in alert squirrel monkeys during the combined angular and linear vestibuloocular reflex (CVOR). The CVOR was evoked by positioning the animal's head 20 cm in front of, or behind, the axis of rotation during whole body rotation (0.7, 1.9, and 4.0 Hz). The effect of viewing distance was studied by having the monkeys fixate small targets that were either near (10 cm) or far (1.3-1.7 m) from the eyes. Most units (50/59) were sensitive to eye movements and were monosynaptically activated after electrical stimulation of the vestibular nerve (51/56 tested). The responses of eye movement-related units were significantly affected by viewing distance. The viewing distance-related change in response gain of many eye-head-velocity and burst-position units was comparable with the change in eye movement gain. On the other hand, position-vestibular-pause units were approximately half as sensitive to changes in viewing distance as were eye movements. The sensitivity of units to the linear vestibuloocular reflex (LVOR) was estimated by subtraction of angular vestibuloocular reflex (AVOR)-related responses recorded with the head in the center of the axis of rotation from CVOR responses. During far target viewing, unit sensitivity to linear translation was small, but during near target viewing the firing rate of many units was strongly modulated. The LVOR responses and viewing distance-related LVOR responses of most units were nearly in phase with linear head velocity. The signals generated by secondary vestibular units during voluntary cancellation of the AVOR and CVOR were comparable. However, unit sensitivity to linear translation and angular rotation were not well correlated either during far or near target viewing. Unit LVOR responses were also not well correlated with their sensitivity to smooth pursuit eye movements or their sensitivity to viewing distance during the AVOR. On the other hand there was a significant correlation between static eye position sensitivity and sensitivity to viewing distance. We conclude that secondary horizontal canal-related vestibuloocular pathways are an important part of the premotor neural substrate that produces the LVOR. The otolith sensory signals that appear on these pathways have been spatially and temporally transformed to match the angular eye movement commands required to stabilize images at different distances. We suggest that this transformation may be performed by the circuits related to temporal integration of the LVOR.  (+info)

Representational plasticity in cortical area 3b paralleling tactual-motor skill acquisition in adult monkeys. (6/659)

The representations of the surfaces of the hand in the primary somatosensory cortical field, area 3b, were reconstructed in detail in seven owl monkeys and two squirrel monkeys trained to pick up food pellets from five wells of different sizes. From an early clumsy performance in which several to many retrieval attempts were required for each successful pellet retrieval, the monkeys exhibited a gradual improvement in digital dexterity as shown by significant decreases in mean numbers of grasp attempts/successful retrieval and corresponding standard deviations (e.g. 5.8 +/- 4.5 and 4.8 +/- 3.1 respectively, for the smallest well) between the first and last training sessions. All monkeys commonly used alternative, specific retrieval strategies involving various combinations of digits for significant time epochs before developing a highly successful strategy, which, once achieved, was rapidly stereotyped. For example, the numbers of digit combinations used during the first five versus the last five training sessions decreased from 3.3 +/- 0.7 to 1.8 +/- 0.6 for the smallest well. In both owl and squirrel monkeys, as the behavior came to be stereotyped, monkeys reliably engaged limited surfaces of the glabrous tips of two digits (in eight monkeys), or of three digits (in one monkey) in the palpation and manipulation of these small pellets for their location, capture, and transportation to the mouth. In cortical area 3b, the magnification of representation of these differentially engaged glabrous fingertip surfaces was nearly 2x larger than for the corresponding surfaces of other hand digits, or for the contralateral cortical representations of the same digit surfaces on the opposite hand. In parallel, cutaneous receptive field for area 3b neurons representing crucial digital tip surfaces were less than half as large as were those representing the corresponding surfaces of control digits. Receptive field overlaps were smaller on the trained fingertips than on control fingers. Moreover, the proportion of small overlaps was greater for the trained digits (76 +/- 7%) than for the other digits of the same hand (49 +/- 5.4%). There was still a simple, single--but apparently topologically expanded--representation of these differentially engaged skin surfaces in these monkeys. Thus, with very limited manual exercise over a total period of a few hours of practice at a skill played out in brief daily sessions over a several week long training period, the representations of skin surfaces providing information crucial for successfully performing a small-object retrieval behavior appeared to be substantially remodeled in the most 'primary' of the SI somatosensory cortical fields, cortical area 3b. By that remodeling, behaviorally important skin surfaces were represented in a much finer representational grain than normal. Some implications of these findings for motor skill acquisition are discussed.  (+info)

Altered serotonin innervation patterns in the forebrain of monkeys treated with (+/-)3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine seven years previously: factors influencing abnormal recovery. (7/659)

The recreational drug (+/-)3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "Ecstasy") is a potent and selective brain serotonin (5-HT) neurotoxin in animals and, possibly, in humans. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether brain 5-HT deficits persist in squirrel monkeys beyond the 18-month period studied previously and to identify factors that influence recovery of injured 5-HT axons. Seven years after treatment, abnormal brain 5-HT innervation patterns were still evident in MDMA-treated monkeys, although 5-HT deficits in some regions were less severe than those observed at 18 months. No loss of 5-HT nerve cell bodies in the rostral raphe nuclei was found, indicating that abnormal innervation patterns in MDMA-treated monkeys are not the result of loss of a particular 5-HT nerve cell group. Factors that influence recovery of 5-HT axons after MDMA injury are (1) the distance of the affected axon terminal field from the rostral raphe nuclei, (2) the degree of initial 5-HT axonal injury, and possibly (3) the proximity of damaged 5-HT axons to myelinated fiber tracts. Additional studies are needed to better understand these and other factors that influence the response of primate 5-HT neurons to MDMA injury and to determine whether the present findings generalize to humans who use MDMA for recreational purposes.  (+info)

Contribution of the cerebellar flocculus to gaze control during active head movements. (8/659)

The flocculus and ventral paraflocculus are adjacent regions of the cerebellar cortex that are essential for controlling smooth pursuit eye movements and for altering the performance of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). The question addressed in this study is whether these regions of the cerebellum are more globally involved in controlling gaze, regardless of whether eye or active head movements are used to pursue moving visual targets. Single-unit recordings were obtained from Purkinje (Pk) cells in the floccular region of squirrel monkeys that were trained to fixate and pursue small visual targets. Cell firing rate was recorded during smooth pursuit eye movements, cancellation of the VOR, combined eye-head pursuit, and spontaneous gaze shifts in the absence of targets. Pk cells were found to be much less sensitive to gaze velocity during combined eye-head pursuit than during ocular pursuit. They were not sensitive to gaze or head velocity during gaze saccades. Temporary inactivation of the floccular region by muscimol injection compromised ocular pursuit but had little effect on the ability of monkeys to pursue visual targets with head movements or to cancel the VOR during active head movements. Thus the signals produced by Pk cells in the floccular region are necessary for controlling smooth pursuit eye movements but not for coordinating gaze during active head movements. The results imply that individual functional modules in the cerebellar cortex are less involved in the global organization and coordination of movements than with parametric control of movements produced by a specific part of the body.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Brain-stem auditory evoked potentials in squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus). AU - Pineda, J. A.. AU - Holmes, T. C.. AU - Swick, Diane. AU - Foote, S. L.. PY - 1989. Y1 - 1989. N2 - To more fully characterize brain-stem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) in non-human primates, BAEPs were recorded from chronically implanted epidural electrodes in 10 squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). The effects of stimulus intensity, repetition rate, and anesthesia (ketamine 20 mg/kg i.m.) on peak latencies and inter-peak intervals were evaluated. Monkey wave forms consisted of approximately 7 peaks (I-VII), each exhibiting similar latencies across sessions, with later peaks exhibiting greater variability. In some subjects, additional peaks (IIa, IIIa) and slow potentials were recorded. The slow potentials provided a substratum for peaks IV through VII. As with human, monkey peaks exhibited systematic changes in latency with changes in stimulus intensity or repetition rate. These shifts ...
A 17-year-old, 1-kg, colony-housed, male squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) developed clinical signs of congestive heart failure. The monkey presented with lethargy, increased heart and respiratory rates, and mild abdominal distention. The clinical history, laboratory analysis, and radiographic findings were consistent with heart failure due to dilative cardiomyopathy. Gross and microscopic examination of the heart confirmed a dilative cardiomyopathy. This is the first report describing congestive heart failure caused by dilative cardiomyopathy in a squirrel monkey. Spontaneous dilative cardiomyopathy may be infrequently observed in the squirrel monkeys because they are not routinely housed in the research environment during their advancing years ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Genetic relationships among three squirrel monkey types. T2 - Implications for taxonomy, biomedical research, and captive breeding. AU - Vandeberg, John L.. AU - Williams‐Blangero, Sarah. AU - Moore, Charleen M.. AU - Cheng, Min‐Lee ‐L. AU - Abee, Christian R.. PY - 1990. Y1 - 1990. N2 - Fourteen electrophoretically variable and 12 monomorphic erythrocytic and serum proteins were used to determine the genetic relationships among Bolivian squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis), Peruvian squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis peruviensis), and Guyanese squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus sciureus). The results supported the classification scheme of Hershkovitz (AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY 7:155-210, 1984), which is used above. A profile of marker phenotypes can unambiguously discriminate between the two species examined, and can discriminate most S. b. boliviensis from most S. b. peruviensis. All three groups can be distinguished unambiguously by the location of ...
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Summary 3H-labelled 70S RNA of squirrel monkey retrovirus (SMRV) hybridized to a high degree (> 52%) to the DNA of various tissues of two squirrel monkeys. Hybridization of the same probe to DNAs of other primates including New World monkeys (Woolly monkey, capuchin, owl monkey), Old World monkeys (rhesus, African green), apes (gibbon, chimpanzee), and human (A204 cells infected with MPMV) revealed no significant hybridization. Analysis of the kinetics of hybridization indicated that SMRV provirus was present in multiple copies in various squirrel monkey tissues (C 0 t ½ = 120 to 400) and in SMRV-infected A204 cells at a low number of copies (C 0 t ½ = 1500). These results demonstrate that SMRV is an endogenous virus of squirrel monkeys and the first isolated from a New World monkey.
Animals. Adult female squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) weighing between 0.5 and 0.7 kg were purchased from Worldwide Primates (Miami, FL) and quarantined for 1 month according to California State regulations. All care and treatments were carried out in accordance with the Institute of Laboratory Animal Resources (1996) and were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee at the Parkinsons Institute. Monkeys were housed in a room with a 13:11-h light/dark cycle with food given once daily and water ad libitum. Animals were divided into two treatment groups: control (n = 6) and paraquat-treated (n = 8). The paraquat group received one s.c. injection of 2.5 mg/kg paraquat dichloride hydrate (Sigma-Aldrich, St. Louis, MO) per week for 6 weeks and were euthanized 2 or 4 weeks after the final injection. This treatment paradigm was chosen for several reasons. We used a dose of 2.5 mg/kg paraquat because higher doses induced lung toxicity, as previously reported in other species ...
p>The checksum is a form of redundancy check that is calculated from the sequence. It is useful for tracking sequence updates.,/p> ,p>It should be noted that while, in theory, two different sequences could have the same checksum value, the likelihood that this would happen is extremely low.,/p> ,p>However UniProtKB may contain entries with identical sequences in case of multiple genes (paralogs).,/p> ,p>The checksum is computed as the sequence 64-bit Cyclic Redundancy Check value (CRC64) using the generator polynomial: x,sup>64,/sup> + x,sup>4,/sup> + x,sup>3,/sup> + x + 1. The algorithm is described in the ISO 3309 standard. ,/p> ,p class=publication>Press W.H., Flannery B.P., Teukolsky S.A. and Vetterling W.T.,br /> ,strong>Cyclic redundancy and other checksums,/strong>,br /> ,a href=http://www.nrbook.com/b/bookcpdf.php>Numerical recipes in C 2nd ed., pp896-902, Cambridge University Press (1993),/a>),/p> Checksum:i ...
Saimiri has a complicated taxonomic history, and there is continuing disagreement about the number of valid taxa. Despite these controversies, one point of consensus among morphologists has been that the eastern Amazonian populations of squirrel monkeys form a single terminal taxon, Saimiri sciureus sciureus (Linnaeus, 1758). This group is distributed to both the north and south of the middle to lower Amazon River and in the Marajó Archipelago. However, a recent molecular study by Lavergne and colleagues suggested that the Saimiri sciureus complex (comprised of S. s. sciureus sensu lato, S. s. albigena, S. s. macrodon, and S. s. cassiquiarensis) was paraphyletic. The discordance between morphological and molecular studies prompted us to conduct a new multidisciplinary analysis, employing a combination of morphological, morphometric, and molecular markers. Our results suggest the currently recognized taxon S. s. sciureus contains two distinct species, recognized by the Phylogenetic Species ...
Abstract We report a trial in squirrel monkeys of 2 recombinant Plasmodium vivax malaria vaccine candidates based on the circumsporozoite (CS) protein. One recombinant (NSI81 V20), produced in Escherichia coli, contains the repeat region of the CS protein. The other (VIVAX-1) recombinant is yeast-derived and contains the entire repeat domain and part of the surrounding N-terminal and C-terminal regions. Both antigens were administered with alum and muramyl tripeptide as adjuvants. No formulations caused toxic side effects. Both antigens, when administered with alum, induced high levels of sporozoite antibodies in all animals. Another group of animals was immunized with irradiated sporozoites alone. Upon challenge, a few immunized animals did not develop detectable parasitemia and others developed parasitemia only after a prolonged prepatent period. Monkeys immunized with irradiated sporozoites had higher levels of antibody but no increased protection. There was no correlation between protection and
The effects of the dopamine receptor D1 partial agonist, SKF 38393, on behavior maintained by cocaine was assessed in squirrel monkeys ( Saimiri sciureus). One group of subjects was trained to press...
Summary Adult cebus (Cebus sp.), patas (Cercopithecus patas), rhesus (Macaca mulatta), and vervet (Cercopithecus aethiops) monkeys were found susceptible to experimental infection with Leptospira icterohaemorrhagiae (as evidenced by febrile response, weight loss, antibody production, and recovery of leptospires from hemoculture of some of the animals), although they did not show frank illness. Vervets were similarly susceptible to infection with L. canicola, L. mini georgia, and L. pomona. Leptospiruria was uncommon. Squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) given L. icterohaemorrhagiae had in contrast clinically acute leptospiral disease, sometimes fatal, with pronounced icterus and minimal hepatic lesions accompanied by markedly increased indirect bilirubin and normal transaminase levels. The findings suggest that hemolysis may be a significant factor in the early development of jaundice in these animals. In some of the primates tested, the tendency of leptospiral agglutinins to disappear within a few
The present study compared interactions among dopamine D1-like agonists and partial agonists with cocaine on the locomotor stimulant effects of cocaine, as well as the discriminative-stimulus effects of cocaine, and effects of cocaine on rates of responding. Cocaine alone produced a dose-related stimulation of locomotor activity in Swiss-Webster mice and a dose-related increase in the proportion of responses on the cocaine-appropriate response key in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) trained to discriminate cocaine (0.3 mg/kg i.m.) from saline. None of the D1 dopaminergic agents fully reproduced these effects, with SKF 77434 producing marginal stimulation of locomotor activity and SCH 23390, SCH 39166, and SKF 77434 producing some, although incomplete substitution for cocaine in monkeys discriminating cocaine. The D1 dopamine antagonists SCH 23390, SCH 39166, and A-69024 dose-dependently shifted the cocaine dose-effect curve for locomotor activity to the right and decreased the efficacy of ...
Lysozymes have primarily a bacteriolytic function; those in tissues and body fluids are associated with the monocyte-macrophage system and enhance the activity of immunoagents.
Why do humans see in all three colors? There isnt a certain answer. Multiple hypotheses have been proposed. Peter Lucas, my former professor, believes our ability to see reds was advantageous in helping our ancestors see young red leaves, which are especially nutritious, against a background that is mostly made up of shades of green (Lucas et al., 1998). Our closest living relatives, chimpanzees and gorillas, consume a diet mainly composed of leaves. Or perhaps we see reds because red fruit is often ripe and therefore we can distinguish ripe fruit against a green background (Allen, 1879; Mollon, 1989; Fleagle, 1999). Yet, if this were the complete answer, wouldnt we expect New World Monkeys, who consume fruit, to see red wavelengths? Another hypothesis suggests that our ability to see shades of red occurred so that male Old World Monkeys could more easily discern the sexual swellings of females that were in estrous (Liman and Innan, 2003 ...
Tolbutamide (TB; 1-butyl-3-p-tolylsulfonylurea) was used for metabolism studies with hepatocytes isolated from the rat, rabbit, dog, and squirrel monkey to validate their usefulness as models for comparative in vivo metabolism. Hepatocytes were prepared by whole liver or biopsy perfusion. TB (3 X 10(-4) M) was metabolized by each of the preparations over a 4-hr incubation period at rates ranging from 175.8 to 9.2 pmol/10(6) cells/min with the rates from hepatocytes from: rat greater than rabbit much greater than squirrel monkey greater than dog. The metabolite profiles determined in extracts of hepatocyte suspensions after 4 hr of incubation showed marked species differences. The major metabolite for the rat and squirrel monkey was 1-butyl-3-p-hydroxy-methylphenylsulfonylurea (73.2 and 46.7% of total metabolites, respectively). p-Tolylsulfonylurea and p-tolylsulfonamide were the major metabolites found in the dog (44.1 and 40.2%, respectively). Rabbit hepatocytes formed mostly ...
SWISS-MODEL Repository entry for Q5IS84 (OPRM_SAIBB), Mu-type opioid receptor. Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis (Bolivian squirrel monkey)
An adult male squirrel monkey with severe bilateral exophthalmia and conjunctivitis was euthanatized. Necropsy revealed, in a sagittal section of the head (Fig. 135), a gray-white mass involving the...
Staphylococcus simiae is a Gram-positive, coagulase-negative member of the bacterial genus Staphylococcus consisting of clustered cocci. This species was originally isolated from the gastrointestinal tract of South American squirrel monkeys, Saimiri sciureus, and found to be genetically similar to S. aureus, but more biochemically similar to S. piscifermentans. A draft genome of S. simiae was sequenced. Pantůcek, R; Sedlácek, I; Petrás, P; Koukalová, D; Svec, P; Stetina, V; Vancanneyt, M; Chrastinová, L; Vokurková, J; Růzicková, V; Doskar, J; Swings, J; Hájek, V (September 2005). Staphylococcus simiae sp. nov., isolated from South American squirrel monkeys. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 55 (Pt 5): 1953-8. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.63590-0. PMID 16166694. Suzuki, H; Lefébure, T; Bitar, PP; Stanhope, MJ (2012). Comparative genomic analysis of the genus Staphylococcus including Staphylococcus aureus and its newly described sister species Staphylococcus ...
Shop Squirrel monkey agnoprotein ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Squirrel monkey agnoprotein Antibody at MyBioSource. Custom ELISA Kit, Recombinant Protein and Antibody are available.
Pardini, L; Dellarupe, A; Bacigalupe, D; Quiroga, M A; Moré, G; Rambeaud, M; Basso, W; Unzaga, J M; Schares, G; Venturini, M C (2015). Isolation and molecular characterization of Toxoplasma gondii in a colony of captive black-capped squirrel monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis). Parasitology International, 64(6):587-590.. Basso, W; Handke, M; Sydler, T; Borel, N; Grimm, F; Sidler, X; Deplazes, P (2015). Involvement of Toxoplasma gondii in reproductive disorders in Swiss pig farms. Parasitology International, 64(2):157-160.. Jurankova, J; Basso, W; Neumayerova, H; Balaz, V; Janova, E; Sidler, X; Deplazes, P; Koudela, B (2014). Brain is the predilection site of Toxoplasma gondii in experimentally inoculated pigs as revealed by magnetic capture and real-time PCR. Food Microbiology, 38:167-170.. Broglia, A; Basso, W (2014). Parasites present in meat and viscera of land farmed animals. In: Dikeman, M; Devine, C. Encyklopedia of Meat Sciences. Oxford: Elsevier, 34-41.. Bacigalupe, D; Basso, W; Caspe, S G; ...
Liptak JM, Vogelnest L, Shimmin AJ, Moses PA, Simpson DJ: Use of osteogenic protein-1 in the management of a nonunion radial fracture in a squirrel monkey (Saimiri boliviensis). Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 14:165-168, 2001. PDF ...
A Black-capped squirrel monkey will typically reach sexual maturation at around 3 years of age for females and 5 years of age for males.[4][6]The yearly reproductive cycle of mature Saimiri has been observed by several researchers to be affected by a number of environmental factors, including the cycles of rainfall and levels of illumination in their habitat. The mating season coincides with the dry season, and will typically result in a single infant being born to each mother.[8]It has been suggested that adult female monkeys are more receptive to environmental cues for the mating season to begin, and the response in males is in part attributed to behavioural and scent cues from the females.[16] During the mating season, males of the species will gain a large amount of subcutaneous upper body fat, leading to what is known as a fatted appearance. Males will also become more irritable and aggressive, fight more frequently for the purpose of achieving dominance within the troop, and engage in ...
It is shaped like its great ancestor, the squirrel monkey. Its body has a waxy covering so that water just slides off. The teeth are both sharp and flat. It is colored multiple shades of green to blend with the forest. Reproduction: The flying tree monkey can only reproduce when it is matured. This takes 7 years for males to mature and 5 years for females. They reprduce in fall, and the birth comes in spring. Social Strucute: The flying tree monkey travels in groups of 8-100. This increases the chances of its survival because if one monkeys sees food predator, then it alerts the whole pack. Locomotion: The flying tree monkey flies (glides) across the trees. It has very strong arms which help it grasp branches to swing on. Symbiotic Relationships: Mutalism-The flying tree monkey shares a mutalistic relationship with the mnoose. The moose guard the territory in change for food from the monkeys. Behavioral Adaptations The flying tree monkey uses tools (sticks and strands) to get insects from ...
Editor,. We read, over and over again, that portions of our community are telling our City Council that for one reason or another, cell phone and/or wireless antennae should not be installed in their neighborhood. That is all well and good. However, if they do not belong in one neighborhood, they should really be excluded from the entire community. Plainly and simply stated, either we do without cell phones, iPhones, and their ilk, or we accept them. Palo Alto City Council, as you consider applications for future installations, please ask the question of those who oppose the application, should we allow this installation or require the removal of all such technology from Palo Alto?. Some should not be protected from blight and health risk while impacting their fellow citizens.. John Baum. El Cajon Way. Palo Alto. Sukkah policy. Editor,. I think it is a sad day for us all when an elderly gentleman cannot erect his sukkah, a clearly temporary structure, as he has done for 11 years.. It is obvious ...
Bond R, Manning E, Clarkson T. The effect of physical conditioning on cardiac performance of squirrel monkeys with coronary atherosclerosis. J Am Osteopath Assoc 1975;74(7):673. doi: .. Download citation file:. ...
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Each year the Palo Alto Weekly Holiday Fund raises money to support programs serving families and children in the Palo Alto area. Read on for profiles of grant recipients, to be featured each week over the holiday season, highlighting the way each organization has used the funds this past year.
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Lee Daniel Kravetzs Strange Contagion: Inside the Surprising Science of Infectious Behaviors and Viral Emotions and What They Tell Us About Ourselves was born out of tragedy. A series of teen suicides among students and alumni of Palo Altos Gunn High School suggested an epidemic was underway. Kravetz, a new father and resident of Palo Alto, was concerned about his community. What was causing these students to commit suicide? Could the epidemic be stopped? How? These questions prompted Kravetz to explore the way emotions and behaviors are communicated in a society.. Kravetz learns that emotions are not terribly different from communicable diseases. We are highly suggestible creatures, and the emotions of others are easily transmitted. We catch everything from the goals of others around us to courage or bravery or fear to the host of feelings, positive or negative, that others around us bring into the room.. In fact, we are so susceptible to the spread of viral emotions that we dont really even ...
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TY - JOUR. T1 - Early and late changes in the distal forelimb representation of the supplementary motor area after injury to frontal motor areas in the squirrel monkey. AU - Eisner-Janowicz, Ines. AU - Barbay, Scott. AU - Hoover, Erica. AU - Stowe, Ann M.. AU - Frost, Shawn B.. AU - Plautz, Erik J.. AU - Nudo, Randolph J.. PY - 2008/9. Y1 - 2008/9. N2 - Neuroimaging studies in stroke survivors have suggested that adaptive plasticity occurs following stroke. However, the complex temporal dynamics of neural reorganization after injury make the interpretation of functional imaging studies equivocal. In the present study in adult squirrel monkeys, intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) techniques were used to monitor changes in representational maps of the distal forelimb in the supplementary motor area (SMA) after a unilateral ischemic infarct of primary motor (M1) and premotor distal forelimb representations (DFLs). In each animal, ICMS maps were derived at early (3 wk) and late (13 wk) postinfarct ...
Introduction. Klebsiella Pneumoniae is a Gram-negative, aerobic, non-motile, rod-to coccobacillus shaped, capsulated bacterium. This organism is a normal intestinal and oral commensal in many nonhuman primates, but infections from pathogenic strains can cause significant morbidity and mortality in these animals (Simmons and Gibson, 2012). Multisystemic abscesses due to invasive K. Pneumoniae strains have been reported in African Green monkeys in the United States recently (Twenhafel et al., 2008). Also, in the recent past, wild-caught and captive monkeys in the Caribbean Island of St. Kitts have been shown to harbor potentially pathogenic strains of K. Pneumoniae(Whitehouse et al., 2010). In all these contexts, international interest on this organism as a cause of disease in non-human primates exists. The present report deals with a fatal case in a pet squirrel monkey in Grenada, West Indies.. History and Methods. An 11 month-old female squirrel monkey brought from Trinidad was kept as a pet ...
Researchers have successfully used gene therapy to cure red-green color blindness in adult squirrel monkeys. Red-green color blindness is the most common single locus genetic disorder in humans. One in 12 men and 1 in 230 women are affected, while 1 in 6 women is a carrier of the inherited condition. Weve added red sensitivity to cone cells in animals that are born with a condition that is exactly like human color blindness, said Dr. William W. Hauswirth, an author of the study. Although color blindness is only moderately life-altering, weve shown we can cure a cone disease in a primate, and that it can be done very safely. Thats extremely encouraging for the development of therapies for human cone diseases that really are blinding. People who are colorblind feel that they are missing out, said Dr. Jay Neitz, one of the senior authors of the study. If we could find a way to do this with complete safety in human eyes, as we did with monkeys, I think there would be a lot of people who ...
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Non-human primates have complex relationships with conspecifics and also other animals with whom they share their habitat in the wild. Some primates, such as capuchin monkeys (Sapajus apella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus), naturally associate, with the potential to act as both proximate and ultimate influences on each others behavior. There are a number of benefits to exhibiting such species in mixed communities in captivity, for instance the increased social complexity provides both environmental and social enrichment and appropriate cognitive challenges, ultimately enhancing their welfare in restricted captive enclosures. Monitoring how these species interact and utilize their available space is important for effective care and management. But despite this connection, there remains relatively little conclusive data on whether mixed groups of captive primates are cognitively enriching. This study examined patterns of space use in two mixed-species groups of Sapajus and Saimiri housed ...
Quantity discrimination abilities are seen in a diverse range of species with similarities in performance patterns, suggesting common underlying cognitive mechanisms. However, methodological factors that impact performance make it difficult to draw broad phylogenetic comparisons of numerical cognition across studies. For example, some Old World monkeys selected a higher quantity stimulus more frequently when choosing between inedible (pebbles) than edible (food) stimuli. In Experiment 1 we presented brown capuchin (Cebus [Sapajus] paella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) with the same two-choice quantity discrimination task in three different stimulus conditions: edible, inedible, and edible replaced (in which choice stimuli were food items that stood in for the same quantity of food items that were given as a reward ...
PALACIOS, Rosa; MONTOYA, Enrique; TORRES, Ivonne y ORTIZ, Ana Cecilia. Utilización de hematíes de primates sudamericanos en la prueba inhibición de hemaglutinación para el diagnóstico del Virus del Sarampión. Rev. perú. med. exp. salud publica [online]. 1997, vol.14, n.2, pp.7-12. ISSN 1726-4634.. The usefullness of red blood cells (rbc) of south-american non-human primates in hamegglutination and the hemagglunation inhibition with measles virus was evaluated in an 18 months study finished at the earliers in 1997 Primate blood samples were obtained in a citrated solution at the Instituto de Investigaciones Tropicales y de Altura (IVITA) in Iquitos, and at the Parque Las Leyendas Zoo in Lima. Samples obtained from 22 monkeys of 8 different species from the Peruvian Amazon Region were tested in parallel with standard rbc of Rhesus an Cercopithecus monkeys through hemagglutination with measles virus purified antigen. Rbc of the species Saimiri boliviensis and Sanguinus mystax showed ...
Baby squirrels available New litters available. We have flyers,fox and grey squirrels available for sale. i and my wife breed these squirrels in a small scale though. So they are limited in supply. These babies are well socialized,hand raised,healthy and now ready for sales.We ship nationwide. Visits/Personal pickups are allowed on appointments only(no exception) We have adult squirrels available also. Shipping or delivery available nationwide to any major airport near you. Text/Call/email us today for pricing/shipping/pickup(on appointments only) Mobile: +1 434-233-4396 email us via [email protected] These gentle tiny squirrels are true pocket pets. Flying squirrels form a deep bond with their human owner and enjoy spending hours climbing around or sleeping in their owners clothing. Squirrels are nocturnal but will adjust slightly to their owners and spend time awake with them. A gliding membrane which extends from front leg to its back leg is stretched out and allows the squirrel ...
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The species is intermediate in size for the Akodon boliviensis species group; it is smaller than A. polopi and A. sylvanus, but larger than A. boliviensis and A. caenosus.[25] The more distantly related A. budini and A. simulator, which occur in the same area, are larger.[26] Akodon spegazzinii is variable in coloration, ranging from light to dark and from reddish to yellowish brown.[22] In general, animals in wetter, lower-lying areas are darker, and those in open, dry environments are paler. There is also variation within populations, and sometimes young mice are darker and lactating females are more reddish.[21] The formerly recognized species Akodon tucumanensis corresponds to the dark, low-altitude populations, while A. leucolimnaeus and A. alterus represent more reddish, high-altitude animals.[27]. The coloration of the upperparts is generally uniform, with some scattered darker hairs. There is a yellow ring around the eyes,[22] which is more prominent than in A. sylvanus.[28] The ...
Two new species of the spider genus Enna O. Pickard-Cambridge, 1897 from Costa Rica and Peru are described and illustrated: Enna… Expand ...
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Since 2013, Palo Alto has provided 100% carbon neutral electricity and, as of July 1, 2017, we also provide 100% carbon neutral natural gas. In Palo Alto, carbon neutral means no net emissions of greenhouse gases are released into the atmosphere on an annual basis.. Learn more about upcoming Palo Alto initiatives, including our Integrated Resource Plan.. ...
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I love that space where biology meets design meets infographics… i just found this awesome set of two Lucky White Squirrel Posters by Moi Moi at Coudals Swap Meat Gifted! The Lucky White Squirrels limited edition print set was originally produced as two 4x 8 panels for a squirrel themed art exhibition held at a Toronto gallery located across from a park where a resident population of albino squirrels live. Working with the punnet square and the network diagram this idiosyncratic info-graphic based artwork explains why seeing an albino squirrel is lucky. The first print, a network diagram, illustrates the mix of genes it would take to create albino progeny from a pair of squirrels each carrying the recessive gene for albinism. The second, in real numbers, illustrates squirrel for squirrel the 1:20,000 odds that this would occur. Purchaseable here for $60 ...
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Yes, squirrel monkeys could actually be mailed to you, in a tiny little box (sundress not included), and you could have a best friend with a prehensile tail. I mean, other than Roger Coulter from 5th period, because hes just creepy. The squirrel monkey was guaranteed delivered alive, so if a dead monkey appeared in your mailbox, you had some sort of recourse. If you wanted two Minneapolis monkeys -- two monkeys!?! -- you could save a fivespot on the deal. Hopefully, youll be well-prepared for its arrival; otherwise you might end up with angry parents and an arm full of stitches. My ad came from a 1963 issue of McCalls Needlework & Crafts ...
Facing a banner year for gray squirrels across the U.S., researchers are pulling out all the stops in their struggle to trim the tree dwellers numbers-even contraception.. Due to a warm winter and a resulting boom in nuts, the small mammals population is spiking, especially on the East Coast, in the Northeast, and in the Midwest. But despite their cute exterior, the animals can wreak havoc on their surroundings, devouring farmers crops, chewing into building wires, and stripping bark-damaging, if not killing, trees outright.. To halt the growth, birth control is the best option. But no squirrel is willing to take a daily pill, and no IUD is small enough. So how do you put a squirrel on birth control?. Thanks to decades of contraceptive research for species such as white-tailed deer, squirrel managers have two options. They can use vaccines to stop the rodents from making sex hormones. Or they can lower the squirrels cholesterol, the molecule from which sex hormones are made.. The major perk ...
You also cannot use live capture traps to remove a grey squirrel from your property in order to release it elsewhere. As an invasive species, it is against the law to release a grey squirrel once caught.. Use of poisons (Warfarin only) - these are only to be used by pest professionals and can only be used inside buildings.. The poison is laid in strategic locations, usually in multiple feeding trays and then checked at regular intervals to assess if it has been successful.. It is important to be aware that these poisons can take a few days to work and, in this time, the squirrel may die out of reach. This can cause a bad smell!. Drey poking is especially effective in winter, when all the leaves are gone from the trees and the nests can be seen more clearly.. It involves a team of people clearing the squirrels from an area by disturbing the dreys and dispatching the emerging squirrels using an air rifle.. Other shooting methods may be employed, for example to clear a population residing in your ...
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ISBN 0-226-20721-8. Wong, G.; Cuarón, A.D.; Rodriguez-Luna, E. & de Grammont, P.C. (2008). "Saimiri oerstedii". IUCN Red List ... Four species of monkey are native to the forests of Costa Rica, the Central American squirrel monkey (Saimiri oerstedii), the ...
Retrieved 20 February 2009.old-form url Wong, G.; Cuarón, A.D.; Rodriguez-Luna, E. & de Grammont, P.C. (2008). "Saimiri ...
Saimiri ustus) and these three species form the S. sciureus species group. The binomial name Saimiri oerstedii was given by ... "The Rainforest Returns". Saimiri Wildlife. Archived from the original on 2008-05-07. Retrieved 2008-10-25. ARKive - images and ... Baldwin, J.D. (1985). "The Behavior of Squirrel Monkeys (Saimiri) in Natural Environments". In Rosenblum, L.A.; Coe, C.L. (eds ... The Central American squirrel monkey (Saimiri oerstedii), also known as the red-backed squirrel monkey, is a squirrel monkey ...
Wong, G.; Cuarón, A.D.; Rodriguez-Luna, E. & de Grammont, P.C. (2008). "Saimiri oerstedii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species ... The Central American squirrel monkey (Saimiri oerstedii) also has a restricted distribution, living only on part of the Pacific ...
Saimiri sp., Lagothrix spp., Ateles sp., Saguinus spp., Callicebus torquatus), and birds (Muscovy duck, chachalacas, guans, ...
Saimiri boliviensis Saimiri oerstedti Saimiri ustus Saimiri sciureus UCLA scientists and colleagues concluded that black ... Lynch, J.W., Paim, F.P., Rabelo, R.M., Silva Júnior, J.S. & de Queiroz, H.L. (2021). "Saimiri vanzolinii". IUCN Red List of ... Two Saimiri subspecies of sciureus, cassiquiarensis and macrodon, take residence in the reserve in cohabitation with black ... It resides in the reserve with two other Saimiri species. It is a social primate that travels with other black squirrel monkeys ...
The term common squirrel monkey had been used as the common name for Saimiri sciureus before genetic research by Jessica Lynch ... Boubli, J.-P.; Rylands, A.B.; de la Torre, S. & Stevenson, P. (2008). "Saimiri sciureus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. ... Blitz, J.; Ploog, D. W.; Ploog, F. (1963). "Studies on the social and sexual behavior of the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus ... Aruguete M.S.; Mason W.A. (1996). "Effect of infants on adult social relations in the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus)". ...
Retrieved 5 November 2008.old-form url Wong, G.; Cuarón, A.D.; Rodriguez-Luna, E. & de Grammont, P.C. (2008). "Saimiri ...
Retrieved 7 October 2008.old-form url Groves, C. P. (2005). "Saimiri sciureus". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal ... Retrieved 2 January 2009.old-form url Groves, C. P. (2005). "Saimiri ustus". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal ... Retrieved 2 January 2009.old-form url Groves, C. P. (2005). "Saimiri oerstedii". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. (eds.). Mammal ... Wong, G.; Cuarón, A.D.; Rodriguez-Luna, E. & de Grammont, P.C. (2008). "Saimiri oerstedii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species ...
Cuarón, A.D.; Morales, A.; Shedden, A.; Rodríguez-Luna, E. & de Grammont, P.C. (2008). "Saimiri oerstedii oerstedii". IUCN Red ... The black-crowned Central American squirrel monkey (Saimiri oerstedii oerstedii) is a subspecies of the Central American ... ISBN 0-13-613845-4. "Saimiri Wildlife". Archived from the original on 7 May 2008. Retrieved 25 October 2008.. ...
The bare-eared squirrel monkey (Saimiri ustus) is a squirrel monkey endemic to Brazil and possibly eastern Bolivia. Groves, C. ... de Oliveira, M.M. & Boubli, J.-P. (2008). "Saimiri ustus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008: e.T41538A10494703. doi: ...
Cuarón, A.D.; Morales, A.; Shedden, A.; Rodríguez-Luna, E. & de Grammont, P.C. (2008). "Saimiri oerstedii citrinellus". IUCN ... The grey-crowned Central American squirrel monkey (Saimiri oerstedii citrinellus) is a subspecies of the Central American ... Retrieved 19 January 2012.old-form url Thomas, Oldfield (1904). "New forms of Saimiri, Saccopteryx, Balantiopteryx, and ... "New Data on the Distribution and Abundance of Saimiri oerstedii citrinellus" (PDF). Primate Conservation (19): 5-9. Archived ...
From the same level as where Micodon has been found, also fossils of Cebupithecia, Mohanamico, Saimiri annectens, Saimiri ... This cusp is more developed in Saimiri. Overall, the Micodon M1 shows some gross resemblances to certain Saguinus, although ... Cebus and Saimiri, as the sister-taxon of the entire group. The upshot of these latter views is that a four-cusped molar would ... may actually be deciduous teeth of another primate species found at La Venta such as Saimiri annectens or S. fieldsi. More ...
Saimiri sciureus (amended version of 2020 assessment). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2021: e.T43968A192584742. https ... The Guianan squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) is a species of squirrel monkey from Guiana, Venezuela and Brazil. S. scuireus ... Carretero-Pinzón, X.; Ruiz-García, M.; Defler, T. (2009). "The Taxonomy and Conservation Status of Saimiri sciureus albigena: A ... Several now-separate squirrel monkey species were formerly considered a single species, Saimiri scuireus, generally known as ...
In the ovaries of aging squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus), clusters of granulosa cells occur that resemble granulosa cell ... Walker ML, Anderson DC, Herndon JG, Walker LC (2009). "Ovarian aging in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus)". Reproduction. 138 ...
It had been considered a subspecies of the Guianan squirrel monkey, Saimiri sciureus, but was elevated to a full species, S. ... Carretero-Pinzón, X.; Ruiz-García, M.; Defler, T. (2009). "The Taxonomy and Conservation Status of Saimiri sciureus albigena: A ... 2015). "Biogeography of squirrel monkeys (genus Saimiri): South-central Amazon origin and rapid pan-Amazonian diversification ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Saimiri cassiquiarensis macrodon". Mammal Diversity Database. Retrieved 2019-02-04. ...
... (Saimiri cassiquiarensis) is a species of squirrel monkey from Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and ... A genetic study by Jessica Lynch Alfaro, et al indicated that the Ecuadorian squirrel monkey may be synonymous with Saimiri ... Carretero-Pinzón, X.; Ruiz-García, M.; Defler, T. (2009). "The Taxonomy and Conservation Status of Saimiri sciureus albigena: A ... 2015). "Biogeography of squirrel monkeys (genus Saimiri): South-central Amazon origin and rapid pan-Amazonian diversification ...
In squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus), males can gain fat as much as 25 percent of the body mass only during the breeding ... Is fatter sexier? Reproductive strategies of male squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). International Journal of Primatology 35: ...
... s (Herpesvirus saimiri U RNAs) are viral small regulatory RNAs. They are found in Herpesvirus saimiri which is responsible ... Cazalla, D; Yario, T; Steitz, JA (Jun 18, 2010). "Down-regulation of a host microRNA by a Herpesvirus saimiri noncoding RNA". ... Cook HL, Mischo HE, Steitz JA (May 2004). "The Herpesvirus saimiri small nuclear RNAs recruit AU-rich element-binding proteins ... Cook HL, Mischo HE, Steitz JA (May 2004). "The Herpesvirus saimiri small nuclear RNAs recruit AU-rich element-binding proteins ...
Saimiri oerstedii citrinellus Common squirrel monkey, Saimiri sciureus Saimiri sciureus sciureus Saimiri sciureus albigena ... Saimiri sciureus macrodon Bare-eared squirrel monkey, Saimiri ustus S. boliviensis group Black-capped squirrel monkey, Saimiri ... Saimiri vanzolinii Fossil species †Saimiri annectens, Honda Group, Kay and Meldrum 1997 †Saimiri fieldsi, Honda Group, Stirton ... Squirrel monkeys are New World monkeys of the genus Saimiri. Saimiri is the only genus in the subfamily Saimirinae. The name of ...
From the same locality, fossils of Saimiri annectens were recovered. Nuciruptor resembles living pitheciins in having elongate ...
ISBN 978-1-902937-34-2. Costello, M; D. Fragaszy (1988). "Prehension in Cebus and Saimiri: Grip type and hand preference". ...
Costello, Michael B.; Fragaszy, Dorothy M. (March 1988). "Prehension in Cebus and Saimiri: I. Grip type and hand preference". ...
Saimiri Sciureus)". Journal of Comparative Psychology. 112 (2): 137-152. doi:10.1037/0735-7036.112.2.137. PMID 9642783. Turner ...
"Activation of Stat3 transcription factor by Herpesvirus saimiri STP-A oncoprotein". Journal of Virology. 78 (12): 6489-97. doi: ...
Blois, De; Novak, M.A.; Bond, M. (1998). "Object permanence in orangutans (Pongo pygmaues) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri ...
In the wild, squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) do not regularly cooperate. Talbot, Freeman, Williams, and Brosnan tested ... Saimiri sciureus) towards unequal food distributions in a tray‑pulling paradigm". Primates: Journal of Primatology. 61 (5): 717 ...
2004). "Activation of Stat3 transcription factor by Herpesvirus saimiri STP-A oncoprotein". J. Virol. 78 (12): 6489-97. doi: ... "Activation of Stat3 transcription factor by Herpesvirus saimiri STP-A oncoprotein". J. Virol. United States. 78 (12): 6489-97. ...
Saimiri) cranium". American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 97 (4): 435-449. doi:10.1002/ajpa.1330970409. PMID 7485439. ...
Saimiri fieldsi is an extinct species of New World monkey in the genus Saimiri (squirrel monkeys) from the Middle Miocene ( ... placed later in the same genus as Saimiri annectens. The lower molars of the fossil Saimiri resemble those of Dolichocebus, ... The holotype of Saimiri which was recovered in 1949, is an incomplete mandible and dentition, while later materials include not ... Dental variability in Saimiri and the taxonomic status of Neosaimiri fieldsi, an early squirrel monkey from La Venta, Colombia ...
Saimiri annectens is, described as Laventiana annectens according to Rosenberger et al., closely related to Saimiri and to ... Saimiri annectens is described as more primitive than Saimiri fieldsi from the same fauna, further increasing the likelihood ... Saimiri annectens, originally described as Laventiana annectens and later as Neosaimiri annectens, is an extinct species of New ... The evolutionary split in New World monkeys between Cebus and Saimiri has been estimated at 16.7 Ma. The Honda Group, and more ...
Genus: Saimiri Species: Saimiri oerstedii Subspecies: S. o. oerstedii - S. o. citrinellus ... Saimiri oerstedii (Reinhardt, 1872) Vernacular names[edit]. English: Central American Squirrel Monkey. 日本語: セアカリスザル. português: ... Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Saimiri_oerstedii&oldid=2833326" ...
The chromosomes of some Platyrrhini (Callicebus, Ateles and Saimiri). Folia Primatol. 11: 17-27, 1969.PubMedCrossRefGoogle ... Somatic chromosomes of squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus): Primates 10: 171-190, 1969.CrossRefGoogle Scholar ... Chromosome banding patterns in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). J. Med. Primatol. 3: 120-137, 1974.Google Scholar ... Jones T.C., Ma N.S.F. (1975) Cytogenetics of the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus). In: Goodwin W.J., Augustine J. (eds) ...
GenDR A curated database of genes associated with dietary restriction in model organisms either from genetic manipulation experiments or gene expression profiling.. ...
"Primary structure of the herpesvirus saimiri genome.". Albrecht J.-C., Nicholas J., Biller D., Cameron K.R., Biesinger B., ... Proteomes - Saimiriine herpesvirus 2 (strain 11) (SaHV-2) (Herpesvirus saimiri). Basket 0 ...
Saimiri scireus, the Squirrel Monkey, is a neotropical primate from the Amazon region (Boubli et al. 2008). Due to its physical ... Saimiri sciureus. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, Cambridge. [ Links ] Brady A.G. 2000. Research techniques for the ... Saimiri sciureus é uma espécie de primata neotropical muito utilizada como animal de pesquisa. No entanto ainda há dificuldades ... It was observed that the DBIM average value was lower than the DSP one, which categorizes the pelvis of the Saimiri scireus as ...
Saimiri boliviensis , Saimiri oerstedti , Saimiri sciureus , Saimiri ustus , Saimiri vanzolinii Squirrel monkeys are found ... the Saimiri sciureus group, containing S. oerstedti subspecies, S. sciureus subspecies, and S. ustus and the Saimiri ... Genus: Saimiri. Species: S. boliviensis, S. oerstedti, S. sciureus, S. ustus, S. vanzolinii. Subspecies: S. b. boliviensis, S. ... Saimiri. ,Taxonomy, Morphology, & Ecology, , Behavior , Conservation , References , Links , AV. Conservation status:. multiple ...
Herpesvirus saimiri (strain 11). Mutation(s): 0 Gene Names: ECLF2, 72. Find proteins for Q01043 (Saimiriine herpesvirus 2 ( ... A virus-encoded cyclin (v-cyclin) from herpesvirus saimiri has been shown to exhibit highest sequence homology to type D ... X-RAY STRUCTURE OF A VIRAL CYCLIN FROM HERPESVIRUS SAIMIRI. *DOI: 10.2210/pdb1BU2/pdb ...
L. A. Falk, L. G. Wolfe, and F. Deinhardt, "Isolation of Herpesvirus saimiri from blood of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus ... A. Whitehouse, "Herpesvirus saimiri: a potential gene delivery vector (review)," International Journal of Molecular Medicine, ... H. Fickenscher and B. Fleckenstein, "Herpesvirus saimiri," Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological ... J.-C. Albrecht, J. Nicholas, D. Biller et al., "Primary structure of the herpesvirus saimiri genome," Journal of Virology, vol ...
sp,P79294,LYSC_SAISC Lysozyme C OS=Saimiri sciureus OX=9521 GN=LYZ PE=2 SV=1 ... Saimiri sciureus (Common squirrel monkey). ,p>This subsection of the ,a href="http://www.uniprot.org/help/names%5Fand% ...
We characterized morphology and performed biometrics of the diaphragm in the common squirrel monkey Saimiri sciureus. After ... Saimiri sciureus). An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc. [online]. 2018, vol.90, n.1, pp.169-178. ISSN 0001-3765. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/ ...
Saimiri (1873) by Unsigned from Le Buffon de la Jeunesse; by P. Blanchard, Published by Belin-le prieur et Morizot, Paris ... Saimiri by Unsigned (1873). Antique hand-coloured engraved print, 8.5 x 9.5cm, 3.25 x 3.75 inches ... Saimiri 1873 old antique vintage print picture. Product SKU: P-6-040817 ... categories/prints-and-maps-by-subject-animals-birds/mammals/product/mammals-saimiri-1873-old-antique-vintage-print-picture/P-6- ...
Herpesvirus saimiri strain variability. J. Virol. 43:352‐356. Duboise, S.M., Guo, J., Czajak, S., Desrosiers, R.C., and Jung, J ... Generation of herpesvirus saimiri-transformed T‐cell lines from macaques is restricted by reactivation of simian spuma viruses ... Herpesvirus saimiri‐transformed macaque T cells are tolerated and do not cause lymphoma after autologous reinfusion. Blood 95: ... Herpesvirus saimiri vFLIP provides an antiapoptotic function but is not essential for viral replication, transformation, or ...
Herpesvirus saimiri codes, unlike most other herpesviruses, for a thymidylate synthase (TS). The TS gene of herpesvirus saimiri ... Organization of the thymidylate synthase gene of herpesvirus saimiri.. W Bodemer, H H Niller, N Nitsche, B Scholz, B ... Organization of the thymidylate synthase gene of herpesvirus saimiri.. W Bodemer, H H Niller, N Nitsche, B Scholz, B ... Organization of the thymidylate synthase gene of herpesvirus saimiri.. W Bodemer, H H Niller, N Nitsche, B Scholz, B ...
In Saimiri sciureus (24 subjects) and Aotus trivirgatus (11 subjects), parasite clearance from the peripheral blood averaged 3 ... Relapses did occur in 3 of 11 tests with Saimiri and 3 of 5 tests with Aotus against sporozoite induced infections. Subpatent ... Pyrimethamine (single dose of 1 mg/kg) cured trophozoite induced infections in all of five Saimiri hosts. Radical cure of ... Trophozoite induced infections were cured in all of 10 Saimiri and all of 6 Aotus, as indicated by the absence of relapses. ...
STP and Tip are essential for herpesvirus saimiri oncogenicity. J Virol. 1998 Feb; 72(2):1308-13. ...
Melanoma - Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis (Bolivian squirrel monkey) [ Pathway menu , Pathway entry , Download KGML , Show ...
Interspecies Transmission of Chronic Wasting Disease Prions to Squirrel Monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). Richard F. Marsh, Anthony E ... Interspecies Transmission of Chronic Wasting Disease Prions to Squirrel Monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) ... Interspecies Transmission of Chronic Wasting Disease Prions to Squirrel Monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) ... Interspecies Transmission of Chronic Wasting Disease Prions to Squirrel Monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) ...
Observations on Plasmodium simium infections in Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis monkeys suggest that this host-parasite ... I. Susceptibilidade do macaco-de-cheiro Saimiri sciureus ao Plasmodium simium do bugio alouatta fusca. Rev Paul Med 66 : 171- ... f PLASMODIUM SIMIUM AND SAIMIRI BOLIVIENSIS AS A MODEL SYSTEM FOR TESTING CANDIDATE VACCINES AGAINST PLASMODIUM VIVAX * WILLIAM ... Immunization of Saimiri sciureus boliviensis monkeys with recombinant vaccines based on the circumsporozoite protein of ...
Hepatocellular carcinoma - Saimiri boliviensis boliviensis (Bolivian squirrel monkey) [ Pathway menu , Pathway entry , Download ...
Saimiri boliviensis) and Guyanan (Saimiri sciureus) squirrel monkeys. In the course of that study, a new species of ... Enteric trichomonads of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sp) Natural infestation and treatment.. код для вставки. код для вставки на ... American Journal of Primatology 1455-71 (1988) Enteric Trichomonads of Squirrel Monkeys (Saimiri sp): Natural infestation and ... Detection and cultivation of intestinal trichomonads of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PRIMATOLOGY 9: ...
... dc.contributor.advisor. Dobson, F. Stephen. ... The ecology of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sp.) may be different in captivity than in their natural environment. I investigated ...
Klebsiella Pneumoniae Infection in a Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri Sciureus) in Grenada, West Indies. International Journal of ... Henrich, M., Moser, I., Weiss, A. & Reinacher, M. (2007). "Multiple Granulomas in Three Squirrel Monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) ... Saimiri sciureussciureus)," Journal of Medical Primatology, 24:231-235.. Publisher - Google Scholar ... Saimiri sciureus) in Grenada, West Indies," International Journal of Veterinary Medicine: Research & Reports, Vol. 2013 (2013 ...
Both human T cell leukemia virus type I and simian Herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) transform human T cells in vitro. Although IL-2- ... Constitutive activation of TCR signaling molecules in IL-2-independent Herpesvirus saimiri-transformed T cells. Noraz, N.; Saha ... Constitutive activation of TCR signaling molecules in IL-2-independent Herpesvirus saimiri-transformed T cells. ...
... oncogene of Herpesvirus saimiri subgroup A strain 11 (STP-A11) is not required for viral replication but is required for ... The saimiri transforming protein (STP) oncogene of Herpesvirus saimiri subgroup A strain 11 (STP-A11) is not required for viral ... Activation of Stat3 transcription factor by Herpesvirus saimiri STP-A oncoprotein.. @article{Chung2004ActivationOS, title={ ... Species restriction of Herpesvirus saimiri and Herpesvirus ateles: human lymphocyte transformation correlates with distinct ...
Brain-stem auditory evoked potentials in squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus). J. A. Pineda, T. C. Holmes, Diane Swick, S. L. ... Pineda, J. A. ; Holmes, T. C. ; Swick, Diane ; Foote, S. L. / Brain-stem auditory evoked potentials in squirrel monkey (Saimiri ... Brain-stem auditory evoked potentials in squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus). / Pineda, J. A.; Holmes, T. C.; Swick, Diane; ... Pineda, JA, Holmes, TC, Swick, D & Foote, SL 1989, Brain-stem auditory evoked potentials in squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) ...
Modrow, Susanne, Schmidt, Ha and Wolf, Hans J. (1983) Characterization of proteins induced by Herpesvirus saimiri: comparative ... Characterization of proteins induced by Herpesvirus saimiri: comparative immunoprecipitation and analysis of glycosylation ...
CD2-mediated autocrine growth of herpes virus saimiri-transformed human T lymphocytes. H W Mittrücker, H W Mittrücker ... Herpes virus saimiri (HVS) immortalizes T lymphocytes from a variety of primates and causes acute T cell lymphomas and ... H W Mittrücker, I Müller-Fleckenstein, B Fleckenstein, B Fleischer; CD2-mediated autocrine growth of herpes virus saimiri- ... Inhibition of T Cell Receptor Signal Transduction by Tyrosine Kinase-interacting Protein of Herpesvirus saimiri ...
Herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) types I and II. Test codes:. S0036 - Ultrasensitive qualitative detection of herpes saimiri type 1 ( ... Herpesvirus saimiri (HVS), a member of the gamma 2 group of herpesviruses, naturally infects squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus ... S0037 - Ultrasensitive qualitative detection of herpes saimiri type 2 (HVS-II) by real time polymerase chain reaction. ...
  • The evolutionary split in New World monkeys between Cebus and Saimiri has been estimated at 16.7 Ma. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was described as an intermediate between squirrel monkeys (Saimiri) and callitrichines (marmosets and tamarins) in the morphology of the lower molars, mandible, and talus. (wikipedia.org)
  • closely related to Saimiri and to Cebus (capuchin monkeys), yet resembled the probable callitrichine morphotype, demonstrating that archaic relatives of a Saimiri-like stock were suitable structural ancestors for the enigmatic callitrichines. (wikipedia.org)
  • Saimiri annectens is described as more primitive than Saimiri fieldsi from the same fauna, further increasing the likelihood that the latter is a lineal ancestor of modern squirrel monkeys. (wikipedia.org)
  • Karyotypes of squirrel monkeys ( Saimiri sciureus ) from different geographic regions. (springer.com)
  • Added heterochromatin segments of squirrel monkeys ( Saimiri sciureus ). (springer.com)
  • Squirrel monkeys are now divided into two groups, the Saimiri sciureus group, containing S. oerstedti subspecies, S. sciureus subspecies, and S. ustus and the Saimiri boliviensis group, containing S. boliviensis subspecies and S. vanzolinii . (wisc.edu)
  • To investigate the susceptibility of nonhuman primates to CWD, two adult female squirrel monkeys ( Saimiri sciureus ) were intracerebrally (i.c.) inoculated with 200 μl of a 20% (wt/vol) brain homogenate from a female mule deer in the clinical phase of CWD (inoculum was a gift from Elizabeth Williams, Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY). (asm.org)
  • Immunization of Saimiri sciureus boliviensis monkeys with recombinant vaccines based on the circumsporozoite protein of Plasmodium vivax. (ajtmh.org)
  • Reinforcement of immunity in Saimiri monkeys following immunization with irradiated sporozoites of Plasmodium vivax. (ajtmh.org)
  • Testing the efficacy of a recombinant merozoite surface protein (MSP-1 19 ) of Plasmodium vivax in Saimiri boliviensis monkeys. (ajtmh.org)
  • Enteric trichomonads of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sp) Natural infestation and treatment. (docme.ru)
  • American Journal of Primatology 1455-71 (1988) Enteric Trichomonads of Squirrel Monkeys (Saimiri sp): Natural infestation and Treatment ALAN G. BRADYl, FRANK F. PINDAK2,CHRISTIAN R. ABEE', AND WILLIAM A. GARDNER JRZ 'Department of comparative Medicine and 2Department of Pathology, College of Medicine, University of South Alabama, Mobile In a large breeding colony of squirrel monkeys, a previous study demonstrated apparent universal infestation of adult animals with enteric trichomonads. (docme.ru)
  • A previous study from our laboratory [Pindak et al, 19851 described the wide prevalence of intestinal trichomonads in a breeding colony of Bolivian (Saimiri boliviensis) and Guyanan (Saimiri sciureus) squirrel monkeys. (docme.ru)
  • The ecology of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sp. (auburn.edu)
  • To more fully characterize brain-stem auditory evoked potentials (BAEPs) in non-human primates, BAEPs were recorded from chronically implanted epidural electrodes in 10 squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus). (elsevier.com)
  • Herpesvirus saimiri (HVS), a member of the gamma 2 group of herpesviruses, naturally infects squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus) of South America and perhaps also Cebus and Ateles species as supported by serologic evidence. (zoologix.com)
  • Forest remnants were analyzed to determine the density of squirrel monkeys ( Saimiri sciureus) and the degree of alteration of the forest , by selecting areas for the conservation and maintenance of the species in natural environments . (bvsalud.org)
  • Squirrel monkeys are New World monkeys of the genus Saimiri . (wikipedia.org)
  • Experimental visceral leishmaniasis in squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus / by Vida Aniteye Dennis. (who.int)
  • Saimiri and Cacajao tend to form even bigger troops of up to 100 monkeys (124, 266, 304, 307, 500, 551). (fao.org)
  • Saimiri sciurus monkeys were immunized at multiple sites with recombinant vaccinia viruses expressing Plasmodium falciparum antigen genes and boosted 4 weeks later. (edu.au)
  • Transcriptome profiling of Plasmodium vivax in Saimiri monkeys identifies potential ligands for invasion. (cdc.gov)
  • P. vivax Sal I infection in Saimiri and Aotus monkeys. (cdc.gov)
  • A ) Two Saimiri monkeys and two Aotus monkeys were infected with the P. vivax Sal I parasites. (cdc.gov)
  • edgeR and DESeq2 were used for data normalization and to determine differentially expressed genes between Aotus and Saimiri monkeys. (cdc.gov)
  • With this purpose, this study characterized the micromorphological and ultrastructural characteristics of squirrel monkeys ( Saimiri collinsi ) sperm using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). (cambridge.org)
  • DNA evidence on the phylogenetic systematics of new world monkeys: Support for the sister-grouping of Cebus and Saimiri from two unlinked nuclear genes. (tolweb.org)
  • Groups of squirrel monkeys (Saimiri spp. (nih.gov)
  • We have reported previously that the recombinant Glutathione S-transferase GTR23, induced protection after immunisation of naive or previously exposed Saimiri monkeys. (pasteur.fr)
  • Endemic Viruses of Squirrel Monkeys ( Saimiri spp. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Enclosure Use and Welfare in Two Captive Groups of Tufted Capuchins (Sapajus apella) and Squirrel Monkeys (Saimiri sciureus), Animal Behavior and Cognition , 4 (1), pp. 51-69. (stir.ac.uk)
  • Some primates, such as capuchin monkeys (Sapajus apella) and squirrel monkeys (Saimiri sciureus), naturally associate, with the potential to act as both proximate and ultimate influences on each other's behavior. (stir.ac.uk)
  • A virus-encoded cyclin (v-cyclin) from herpesvirus saimiri has been shown to exhibit highest sequence homology to type D cyclins and specifically activates CDK6 of host cells to a very high degree. (rcsb.org)
  • Regulated and constitutive expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines by nontransforming herpesvirus saimiri vectors," Gene Therapy , vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 395-406, 2005. (hindawi.com)
  • Assessment of Herpesvirus saimiri as a potential human gene therapy vector," Journal of Medical Virology , vol. 57, no. 3, pp. 269-277, 1999. (hindawi.com)
  • In vitro immortalization of Old World monkey T lymphocytes with herpesvirus saimiri: Its susceptibility to infection with simian immunodeficiency viruses. (currentprotocols.com)
  • STP and Tip are essential for herpesvirus saimiri oncogenicity. (currentprotocols.com)
  • Organization of the thymidylate synthase gene of herpesvirus saimiri. (asm.org)
  • Herpesvirus saimiri codes, unlike most other herpesviruses, for a thymidylate synthase (TS). (asm.org)
  • The TS gene of herpesvirus saimiri is unusual in structure and regulation of expression. (asm.org)
  • the putative polypeptide derived from the nucleotide sequence of the herpesvirus saimiri TS gene is 70% identical with the human enzyme. (asm.org)
  • The untranslated regions of the herpesvirus saimiri TS gene do not share homology with the other characterized eucaryotic or bacterial TS genes. (asm.org)
  • The herpesvirus saimiri TS gene, which may be weakly transcribed during immediate early and early times of virus replication, is maximally expressed at the late phase. (asm.org)
  • Both human T cell leukemia virus type I and simian Herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) transform human T cells in vitro. (cnrs.fr)
  • Activation of Stat3 transcription factor by Herpesvirus saimiri STP-A oncoprotein. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The saimiri transforming protein (STP) oncogene of Herpesvirus saimiri subgroup A strain 11 (STP-A11) is not required for viral replication but is required for lymphoid cell immortalization in culture and lymphoma induction in primates. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Species restriction of Herpesvirus saimiri and Herpesvirus ateles: human lymphocyte transformation correlates with distinct signaling properties of viral oncoproteins. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Comparative analysis of the transforming mechanisms of Epstein-Barr virus, Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus, and Herpesvirus saimiri. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The gene product encoded by ORF 57 of herpesvirus saimiri regulates the redistribution of the splicing factor SC-35. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • The herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) gene product encoded by ORF 57 shares limited C-terminal similarity with herpes simplex virus 1 ICP27, a protein that has been demonstrated to be involved in the inhibition of host-cell splicing and is responsible for the redistribution of components of the spliceosome. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • In addition, the genome organization of MHV-68 is shown to have an overall collinearity with that of the gamma-herpesviruses EBV and herpesvirus saimiri. (microbiologyresearch.org)
  • Herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) is a T-cell-specific transforming and oncogenic virus. (umn.edu)
  • Lund, T , Medveczky, MM & Medveczky, PG 1997, ' Herpesvirus Saimiri Tip-484 Membrane Protein Markedly Increases p56 lck Activity in T Cells ', Journal of virology , vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 378-382. (umn.edu)
  • Medveczky, Peter G. / Herpesvirus Saimiri Tip-484 Membrane Protein Markedly Increases p56 lck Activity in T Cells . (umn.edu)
  • At least 81 ORFs, including 66 with homology to herpesvirus saimiri ORFs, and 5 internal repeat regions are present in the long unique region. (pnas.org)
  • In this report we provide evidence that these functions are conserved in the homologous protein encoded by the related gammaherpesvirus herpesvirus saimiri (HVS). (unr.edu)
  • The herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) ORF57 protein binds viral RNA, enabling the efficient nuclear export of intronless viral mRNAs. (hud.ac.uk)
  • Colgan, KJ , Boyne, JR & Whitehouse, A 2009, ' Identification of a response element in a herpesvirus saimiri mRNA recognized by the ORF57 protein ', Journal of General Virology , vol. 90, no. 3, pp. 596-601. (hud.ac.uk)
  • 1991. Dental variability in Saimiri and the taxonomic status of Neosaimiri fieldsi, an early squirrel monkey from La Venta, Colombia. (wikipedia.org)
  • Jones T.C., Ma N.S.F. (1975) Cytogenetics of the squirrel monkey ( Saimiri sciureus ). (springer.com)
  • We characterized morphology and performed biometrics of the diaphragm in the common squirrel monkey Saimiri sciureus. (scielo.br)
  • The black-capped squirrel monkey ( Saimiri boliviensis ) is a South American squirrel monkey, found in Bolivia, Brazil and Peru. (ensembl.org)
  • A 17-year-old, 1-kg, colony-housed, male squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus) developed clinical signs of congestive heart failure. (uab.edu)
  • Photo cd: Squirrel-monkey (Saimiri oerstedi), Manuel Antonio National Park, Costa Rica, Central America Author: Konrad WotheDate: 2009-09-23 Maximum available size: 19.4 Mpix. (tradebit.com)
  • The Black-capped squirrel monkey ( Saimiri boliviensis ) is a species of New-World monkey native to the upper Amazon basin in Bolivia, western Brazil and eastern Peru [4] . (wikipedia.org)
  • [8] The species belongs to the genus Saimiri and has two subspecies, S. b. boliviensis (the Bolivian squirrel monkey) and S. b. peruviensis (the Peruvian squirrel monkey) [9] . (wikipedia.org)
  • [12] they were first divided into two different 'types' - 'Roman' and 'Gothic' - in Paul D. Maclean's article 'Mirror Display in the Squirrel Monkey, Saimiri sciureus ', published in 1964 [13] . (wikipedia.org)
  • This led researchers to identify an independent genus, Neosaimiri, as a Middle Miocene ancestor of Saimiri. (wikipedia.org)
  • Laventiana annectens, which was recovered at the same location in 1988, has been concluded to be a junior synonym of Neosaimiri, placed later in the same genus as Saimiri annectens. (wikipedia.org)
  • Saimiri boliviensis is thought to have diverged from the Saimiri genus approximately 1.5 million years ago [10] [11] . (wikipedia.org)
  • Several different fossils have been linked to the genus Saimiri through examinations of their dental and cranial morphology, including the Early Miocene fossil Dolichocebus which was discovered in Gaiman, Argentina and dated to around 20.5 million years ago, and the Middle Miocene fossil of the genus Neosaimiri discovered in La Venta, Colombia, which has been dated to between 12.1 and 12.5 million years ago. (wikipedia.org)
  • Saimiri sciureus is a small New World primate (NHP) commonly called macaco-de-cheiro that inhabits the tropical forests of the Amazon basin. (bvsalud.org)
  • Saimiri sciureus, com nome comum de macaco-de-cheiro , é um pequeno primata do Novo Mundo (PNM) que habita as florestas tropicais da Bacia Amazônica. (bvsalud.org)
  • Also the species has been described as more robust than the extant Saimiri. (wikipedia.org)
  • The species in the Saimiri sciureus group have a "gothic" arch in which the white fur is dramatically high and the darker fur on their heads forms a deep "V" shape between their eyes. (wisc.edu)
  • Two sub-species of Saimiri boliviensis - S. b. boliviensis and S. b. peruviensis - were described by Philip Hershkovitz in 1984 [9] . (wikipedia.org)
  • This study examined patterns of space use in two mixed-species groups of Sapajus and Saimiri housed at the Living Links to Human Evolution Research Centre, RZSS Edinburgh Zoo. (stir.ac.uk)
  • We predicted that if Sapajus and Saimiri were attracted to the presence of the other species then they would share the same space when in mixed enclosures. (stir.ac.uk)
  • Colombia portal Paleontology portal Prehistoric mammals portal Primates portal List of primates of Colombia Lagonimico Saimiri fieldsi at Fossilworks.org Takai, 1994 Defler, 2004, p.31 Tejedor, 2013, p.24 Pérez et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • Herpes virus saimiri (HVS) immortalizes T lymphocytes from a variety of primates and causes acute T cell lymphomas and leukemias in nonnatural primate hosts. (rupress.org)
  • Se realizaron transectos lineales en dos fragmentos boscosos, Hacienda La Reforma y Campo Hermoso (Puerto López, Meta- Colombia ), registrando avistamientos del Tití e identificando las especies de árboles utilizadas por los primates . (bvsalud.org)
  • In Saimiri sciureus (24 subjects) and Aotus trivirgatus (11 subjects), parasite clearance from the peripheral blood averaged 3 days after initiating chloroquine therapy (total dose of 25 mg base/kg body weight over 3 days or single dose of 10 mg base/kg). (ajtmh.org)
  • Trophozoite induced infections were cured in all of 10 Saimiri and all of 6 Aotus , as indicated by the absence of relapses. (ajtmh.org)
  • Relapses did occur in 3 of 11 tests with Saimiri and 3 of 5 tests with Aotus against sporozoite induced infections. (ajtmh.org)
  • The callitrichids are small, weighing up to 750 g, while the cebids, excepting the genera Saimiri and Aotus , are generally over 1 kg in weight. (fao.org)
  • Aotus, Saimiri and Cebus, are omnivores. (fao.org)
  • Comparing RNA sequencing (RNAseq) data for late-stage infections in Saimiri and Aotus erythrocytes when invasion ligands are expressed, we identified genes that belong to tryptophan-rich antigen and merozoite surface protein 3 (MSP3) families that were more abundantly expressed in Saimiri infections compared with Aotus infections. (cdc.gov)
  • Following enrichment by culture, a Giemsa smear was performed on two Saimiri and two Aotus infections to evaluate the percentage of schizonts and the stage of schizont development. (cdc.gov)
  • B ) Graph shows the number of nuclei in each schizont in two Saimiri and two Aotus P. vivax samples. (cdc.gov)
  • Differential expression of all genes in Saimiri and Aotus P. vivax infection. (cdc.gov)
  • CD2-mediated autocrine growth of herpes virus saimiri-transformed human T lymphocytes. (rupress.org)
  • S. boliviensis and S. vanzolinii are categorized in the Saimiri boliviensis group and have a "roman" arch of fur which is more rounded than the "gothic" type and does not extend as far up onto the forehead. (wisc.edu)
  • More than 200 fossil specimens of Saimiri fieldsi, formerly described as Neosaimiri fieldsi, were recovered from the Middle Miocene Villavieja Formation, that has been dated to the Laventan, about 13 to 12 Ma, during fieldwork in 1989 and 1990. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sapajus showed a preference for central zones, while Saimiri spent more time in their exclusive indoor enclosure and appeared to prefer peripheral zones of their outdoor enclosures and close to doorways leading indoors. (stir.ac.uk)
  • SEM electromyography revealed that a normal Saimiri collinsi sperm measures 71.7 ± 0.7 μm with lateral tail insertion, a paddle-shaped flattened head and an acrosome occupying most of the head. (cambridge.org)
  • Fossils of Saimiri annectens, earlier described as Neosaimiri annectens and originally as Laventiana annectens, were discovered at the Masato Site in the upper redbeds of the Villavieja Formation, that has been dated to the Laventan, about 13.5 Ma. (wikipedia.org)
  • Saimiri annectens is, described as Laventiana annectens according to Rosenberger et al. (wikipedia.org)
  • An estimated body mass of 605 to 800 grams (1.334 to 1.764 lb) has been suggested for Saimiri annectens. (wikipedia.org)
  • From the same level as where Saimiri annectens has been found, also fossils of Cebupithecia, Micodon, Mohanamico, and Stirtonia tatacoensis have been uncovered. (wikipedia.org)
  • An estimated body mass of 768 to 840 grams (1.693 to 1.852 lb) has been suggested for Saimiri fieldsi. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using a recently published P. vivax reference genome, we report the proteome from two biological replicates of infected Saimiri boliviensis host reticulocytes undergoing transition from the late trophozoite to early schizont stages. (cdc.gov)
  • The holotype of Saimiri which was recovered in 1949, is an incomplete mandible and dentition, while later materials include not only lower but also upper dentition and deciduous teeth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Based on our findings, we can conclude that the Saimiri sciureus dura mater is quite similar to other mammals , however we detected a new sinus venosus formation at the level of parietal bone , named sinus parietalis, what appears to be its first description. (bvsalud.org)
  • Saimiri sciureus is a neotropical primate widely used in research. (scielo.br)
  • Our purpose in this paper is to review certain variations in the morphologic characteristics of the chromosomes of Saimiri . (springer.com)
  • Saimiri oerstedii oerstedii (Black-crowned) , and Saimiri oerstedii citrinellus (Grey-crowned). (storyteller.travel)
  • Herpesvirus saimiri DNA contains repetitive DNA at its termini that comprises about 30% of the virion DNA. (elsevier.com)
  • A Herpesvirus saimiri-based vector expressing TRAIL induces cell death in human carcinoma cell lines and multicellular spheroid cultures. (longevitymedicine.me)
  • Herpesvirus saimiri a gamma-herpes virus establishes latency in the T lymphocytes of New World primates, by expressing 7 small nuclear uracil-rich nonCoding RNAs (called HSURs). (clinicaltrialist.com)
  • Molecular phylogenetics and phylogeography of all the Saimiri taxa (Cebidae, Primates) inferred from mt COI and COII gene sequences. (kwata.net)
  • Je m'intéresse aux propriétés des modes de communication de nos cousins les primates, et des signaux gestuels en particulier, et leurs liens avec certaines propriétés du langage humain. (univ-amu.fr)