The inhabitants of rural areas or of small towns classified as rural.
The status of health in rural populations.
Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
The total number of cases of a given disease in a specified population at a designated time. It is differentiated from INCIDENCE, which refers to the number of new cases in the population at a given time.
Environment un-modified by human activity. Areas in which natural processes operate without human interference.
A geographic location which has insufficient health resources (manpower and/or facilities) to meet the medical needs of the resident population.
A republic in west equatorial Africa, south of CAMEROON and west of the CONGO. Its capital is Libreville.
The frequency of different ages or age groups in a given population. The distribution may refer to either how many or what proportion of the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Hospitals located in a rural area.
The number of males and females in a given population. The distribution may refer to how many men or women or what proportion of either in the group. The population is usually patients with a specific disease but the concept is not restricted to humans and is not restricted to medicine.
Social and economic factors that characterize the individual or group within the social structure.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.
A geographical area of the United States with no definite boundaries but comprising northeastern Alabama, northwestern Georgia, northwestern South Carolina, western North Carolina, eastern Kentucky, eastern Tennessee, western Virginia, West Virginia, western Maryland, southwestern Pennsylvania, southern Ohio, and southern New York.
The status of health in urban populations.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Countries in the process of change with economic growth, that is, an increase in production, per capita consumption, and income. The process of economic growth involves better utilization of natural and human resources, which results in a change in the social, political, and economic structures.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
EPIDEMIOLOGIC STUDIES based on the detection through serological testing of characteristic change in the serum level of specific ANTIBODIES. Latent subclinical infections and carrier states can thus be detected in addition to clinically overt cases.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
The process whereby a society changes from a rural to an urban way of life. It refers also to the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
An independent state in eastern Africa. Ethiopia is located in the Horn of Africa and is bordered on the north and northeast by Eritrea, on the east by Djibouti and Somalia, on the south by Kenya, and on the west and southwest by Sudan. Its capital is Addis Ababa.
The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.
The number of new cases of a given disease during a given period in a specified population. It also is used for the rate at which new events occur in a defined population. It is differentiated from PREVALENCE, which refers to all cases, new or old, in the population at a given time.
Geographic area in which a professional person practices; includes primarily physicians and dentists.
The inability to see or the loss or absence of perception of visual stimuli. This condition may be the result of EYE DISEASES; OPTIC NERVE DISEASES; OPTIC CHIASM diseases; or BRAIN DISEASES affecting the VISUAL PATHWAYS or OCCIPITAL LOBE.
The art or practice of preparing food. It includes the preparation of special foods for diets in various diseases.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.
Educational attainment or level of education of individuals.
Ongoing scrutiny of a population (general population, study population, target population, etc.), generally using methods distinguished by their practicability, uniformity, and frequently their rapidity, rather than by complete accuracy.
The science, art or practice of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.
A systematic collection of factual data pertaining to health and disease in a human population within a given geographic area.
Conversations with an individual or individuals held in order to obtain information about their background and other personal biographical data, their attitudes and opinions, etc. It includes school admission or job interviews.
A province of western Canada, lying between the provinces of British Columbia and Saskatchewan. Its capital is Edmonton. It was named in honor of Princess Louise Caroline Alberta, the fourth daughter of Queen Victoria. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p26 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p12)
An infant during the first month after birth.
A parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch in southeast Asia, consisting of 11 states (West Malaysia) on the Malay Peninsula and two states (East Malaysia) on the island of BORNEO. It is also called the Federation of Malaysia. Its capital is Kuala Lumpur. Before 1963 it was the Union of Malaya. It reorganized in 1948 as the Federation of Malaya, becoming independent from British Malaya in 1957 and becoming Malaysia in 1963 as a federation of Malaya, Sabah, Sarawak, and Singapore (which seceded in 1965). The form Malay- probably derives from the Tamil malay, mountain, with reference to its geography. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p715 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p329)
Inhaling and exhaling the smoke of burning TOBACCO.
A situation in which the level of living of an individual, family, or group is below the standard of the community. It is often related to a specific income level.
A republic in western Africa, south of NIGER between BENIN and CAMEROON. Its capital is Abuja.
A stratum of people with similar position and prestige; includes social stratification. Social class is measured by criteria such as education, occupation, and income.
A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.
The science dealing with the earth and its life, especially the description of land, sea, and air and the distribution of plant and animal life, including humanity and human industries with reference to the mutual relations of these elements. (From Webster, 3d ed)
Differences in access to or availability of medical facilities and services.
Organized periodic procedures performed on large groups of people for the purpose of detecting disease.
Research techniques that focus on study designs and data gathering methods in human and animal populations.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Procedures for finding the mathematical function which best describes the relationship between a dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In linear regression (see LINEAR MODELS) the relationship is constrained to be a straight line and LEAST-SQUARES ANALYSIS is used to determine the best fit. In logistic regression (see LOGISTIC MODELS) the dependent variable is qualitative rather than continuously variable and LIKELIHOOD FUNCTIONS are used to find the best relationship. In multiple regression, the dependent variable is considered to depend on more than a single independent variable.
Typical way of life or manner of living characteristic of an individual or group. (From APA, Thesaurus of Psychological Index Terms, 8th ed)
Clarity or sharpness of OCULAR VISION or the ability of the eye to see fine details. Visual acuity depends on the functions of RETINA, neuronal transmission, and the interpretative ability of the brain. Normal visual acuity is expressed as 20/20 indicating that one can see at 20 feet what should normally be seen at that distance. Visual acuity can also be influenced by brightness, color, and contrast.
The seeking and acceptance by patients of health service.
Partial or complete opacity on or in the lens or capsule of one or both eyes, impairing vision or causing blindness. The many kinds of cataract are classified by their morphology (size, shape, location) or etiology (cause and time of occurrence). (Dorland, 27th ed)
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Persistently high systemic arterial BLOOD PRESSURE. Based on multiple readings (BLOOD PRESSURE DETERMINATION), hypertension is currently defined as when SYSTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently greater than 140 mm Hg or when DIASTOLIC PRESSURE is consistently 90 mm Hg or more.
Care which provides integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians who are accountable for addressing a large majority of personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. (JAMA 1995;273(3):192)
Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.
Size and composition of the family.
Statistical interpretation and description of a population with reference to distribution, composition, or structure.
Encouraging consumer behaviors most likely to optimize health potentials (physical and psychosocial) through health information, preventive programs, and access to medical care.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Variation in rates of disease occurrence and disabilities between population groups defined by socioeconomic characteristics such as age, ethnicity, economic resources, or gender and populations identified geographically or similar measures.
A set of statistical methods used to group variables or observations into strongly inter-related subgroups. In epidemiology, it may be used to analyze a closely grouped series of events or cases of disease or other health-related phenomenon with well-defined distribution patterns in relation to time or place or both.
Systematic identification of a population's needs or the assessment of individuals to determine the proper level of services needed.
Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
An indicator of body density as determined by the relationship of BODY WEIGHT to BODY HEIGHT. BMI=weight (kg)/height squared (m2). BMI correlates with body fat (ADIPOSE TISSUE). Their relationship varies with age and gender. For adults, BMI falls into these categories: below 18.5 (underweight); 18.5-24.9 (normal); 25.0-29.9 (overweight); 30.0 and above (obese). (National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
A province of Canada lying between the provinces of Manitoba and Quebec. Its capital is Toronto. It takes its name from Lake Ontario which is said to represent the Iroquois oniatariio, beautiful lake. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p892 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p391)
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
A heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by HYPERGLYCEMIA and GLUCOSE INTOLERANCE.
Small-scale tests of methods and procedures to be used on a larger scale if the pilot study demonstrates that these methods and procedures can work.
The exposure to potentially harmful chemical, physical, or biological agents in the environment or to environmental factors that may include ionizing radiation, pathogenic organisms, or toxic chemicals.
A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.
Elements of residence that characterize a population. They are applicable in determining need for and utilization of health services.
The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
A protozoan disease caused in humans by four species of the PLASMODIUM genus: PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM; PLASMODIUM VIVAX; PLASMODIUM OVALE; and PLASMODIUM MALARIAE; and transmitted by the bite of an infected female mosquito of the genus ANOPHELES. Malaria is endemic in parts of Asia, Africa, Central and South America, Oceania, and certain Caribbean islands. It is characterized by extreme exhaustion associated with paroxysms of high FEVER; SWEATING; shaking CHILLS; and ANEMIA. Malaria in ANIMALS is caused by other species of plasmodia.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.
Divisions of the year according to some regularly recurrent phenomena usually astronomical or climatic. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Studies in which subsets of a defined population are identified. These groups may or may not be exposed to factors hypothesized to influence the probability of the occurrence of a particular disease or other outcome. Cohorts are defined populations which, as a whole, are followed in an attempt to determine distinguishing subgroup characteristics.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Education that increases the awareness and favorably influences the attitudes and knowledge relating to the improvement of health on a personal or community basis.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Factors which produce cessation of all vital bodily functions. They can be analyzed from an epidemiologic viewpoint.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Statistical measures of utilization and other aspects of the provision of health care services including hospitalization and ambulatory care.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Excrement from the INTESTINES, containing unabsorbed solids, waste products, secretions, and BACTERIA of the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM.
Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.
The ratio of two odds. The exposure-odds ratio for case control data is the ratio of the odds in favor of exposure among cases to the odds in favor of exposure among noncases. The disease-odds ratio for a cohort or cross section is the ratio of the odds in favor of disease among the exposed to the odds in favor of disease among the unexposed. The prevalence-odds ratio refers to an odds ratio derived cross-sectionally from studies of prevalent cases.
Immunoglobulins produced in response to VIRAL ANTIGENS.

Helicobacter pylori infection, garlic intake and precancerous lesions in a Chinese population at low risk of gastric cancer. (1/6923)

BACKGROUND: Cangshan County of Shandong Province has one of the lowest rates of gastric cancer (GC) in China. While intestinal metaplasia (IM) and dysplasia (DYS) are less common in Cangshan than in areas of Shandong at high risk of GC, these precursor lesions nevertheless affect about 20% of adults age > or = 55. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: In order to evaluate determinants of IM and DYS in Cangshan County, a low risk area of GC a survey was conducted among 214 adults who participated in a gastroscopic screening survey in Cangshan County in 1994. METHOD: A dietary interview and measurement of serum Helicobacter pylori antibodies were performed. RESULTS: The prevalence of H. pylori was lowest (19%) among those with normal gastric mucosa, rising steadily to 35% for superficial gastritis (SG), 56% for chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG), 80% for IM, and 100% for DYS. The prevalence odds of precancerous lesions were compared with the odds of normal histology or SG. The odds ratio (OR) or CAG associated with H. pylori positivity was 4.2 (95% confidence interval [CI] : 1.7-10.0), while the OR of IM/DYS associated with H. pylori positivity was 31.5 (95% CI: 5.2-187). After adjusting for H. pylori infection, drinking alcohol was a risk factor for CAG (OR = 3.2, 95% CI: 1.1-9.2) and IM/DYS (OR = 7.8, 95% CI: 1.3-47.7). On the other hand, consumption of garlic showed non-significant protective effects and an inverse association with H. pylori infection. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study suggest that infection with H. pylori is a risk factor and garlic may be protective, in the development and progression of advanced precancerous gastric lesions in an area of China at relatively low risk of GC.  (+info)

Precancerous lesions in two counties of China with contrasting gastric cancer risk. (2/6923)

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide and shows remarkable geographical variation even within countries such as China. Linqu County in Shandong Province of northeast China has a GC rate that is 15 times higher than that of Cangshan County in Shandong, even though these counties are within 200 miles of each other. METHOD: In order to evaluate the frequency of precancerous gastric lesions in Linqu and Cangshan Counties we examined 3400 adults in Linqu County and 224 adults in Cangshan County. An endoscopic examination with four biopsies was performed in each individual of the two populations. RESULTS: The prevalence of intestinal metaplasia (IM) and dysplasia (DYS) was 30% and 15.1%, respectively, in Linqu compared to 7.9% and 5.6% in Cangshan (P < 0.01). Within these histological categories, advanced grades were found more often in Linqu than in Cangshan. The prevalences of IM and DYS were more common at each biopsy site in Linqu, where the lesions also tended to affect multiple sites. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of this study support the concept that IM and DYS are closely correlated with risks of GC and represent late stages in the multistep process of gastric carcinogenesis.  (+info)

Constitutional, biochemical and lifestyle correlates of fibrinogen and factor VII activity in Polish urban and rural populations. (3/6923)

BACKGROUND: Fibrinogen and factor VII activity are known to be related to atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease, but population differences in clotting factors and modifiable characteristics that influence their levels have not been widely explored. METHODS: This paper examines correlates of plasma fibrinogen concentration and factor VII activity in 2443 men and women aged 35-64 in random samples selected from the residents in two districts in urban Warsaw (618 men and 651 women) and from rural Tarnobrzeg Province (556 men and 618 women) screened in 1987-1988, and assesses which characteristics might explain urban-rural differences. Fibrinogen and factor VII activity were determined using coagulation methods. RESULTS: Fibrinogen was 12.9 mg/dl higher in men and 14.1 mg/dl higher in women in Tarnobrzeg compared to Warsaw. Factor VII activity was higher in Warsaw (9.2% in men and 15.3% in women). After adjustment for selected characteristics, fibrinogen was higher in smokers compared to non-smokers by 28 mg/dl in men and 22 mg/dl in women. In women, a 15 mg/dl increase in HDL-cholesterol was associated with a 10 mg/dl decrease in fibrinogen (P < 0.01). After adjustment for other variables, a higher factor VII activity in Warsaw remained significant (a difference of 9.4% in men and 14.8% in women). Lower fibrinogen in Warsaw remained significant only in women (15.4 mg/dl difference). CONCLUSIONS: The study confirmed that sex, age, BMI, smoking and blood lipids are related to clotting factors. However, with the exception of gender differences and smoking, associations between clotting factors and other variables were small and of questionable practical importance.  (+info)

Hygiene behaviour in rural Nicaragua in relation to diarrhoea. (4/6923)

BACKGROUND: Childhood diarrhoea is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Nicaragua. Amongst the risk factors for its transmission are 'poor' hygiene practices. We investigated the effect of a large number of hygiene practices on diarrhoeal disease in children aged <2 years and validated the technique of direct observation of hygiene behaviour. METHODS: A prospective follow-up study was carried out in a rural zone of Nicaragua. From the database of a previously conducted case-control study on water and sanitation 172 families were recruited, half of which had experienced a higher than expected rate of diarrhoea in their children and the other half a lower rate. Hygiene behaviour was observed over two mornings and diarrhoea incidence was recorded with a calendar, filled out by the mother, and collected every week for 5 months. RESULTS: Of 46 'good' practices studied, 39 were associated with a lower risk of diarrhoea, five were unrelated and only for two a higher risk was observed. Washing of hands, domestic cleanliness (kitchen, living room, yard) and the use of a diaper/underclothes by the child had the strongest protective effect. Schooling (>3 years of primary school) and better economic position (possession of a radio) had a positive influence on general hygiene behaviour, education having a slightly stronger effect when a radio was present. Individual hygiene behaviour appeared to be highly variable in contrast with the consistent behaviour of the community as a whole. Feasible and appropriate indicators of hygiene behaviour were found to be domestic cleanliness and the use of a diaper or underclothes by the child. CONCLUSION: A consistent relationship between almost all hygiene practices and diarrhoea was detected, more schooling producing better hygiene behaviour. The high variability of hygiene behaviour at the individual level requires repeated observations (at least two) before and after the hygiene education in the event one wants to measure the impact of the campaign on the individual.  (+info)

Role of schools in the transmission of measles in rural Senegal: implications for measles control in developing countries. (5/6923)

Patterns of measles transmission at school and at home were studied in 1995 in a rural area of Senegal with a high level of vaccination coverage. Among 209 case children with a median age of 8 years, there were no deaths, although the case fatality ratio has previously been 6-7% in this area. Forty percent of the case children had been vaccinated against measles; the proportion of vaccinated children was higher among secondary cases (47%) than among index cases (33%) (prevalence ratio = 1.36, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.04-1.76). Vaccinated index cases may have been less infectious than unvaccinated index cases, since they produced fewer clinical cases among exposed children (relative risk = 0.55, 95% CI 0.29-1.04). The secondary attack rate was lower in the schools than in the homes (relative risk = 0.31, 95% CI 0.20-0.49). The school outbreaks were protracted, with 4-5 generations of cases being seen in the two larger schools. Vaccine efficacy was found to be 57% (95% CI -23 to 85) in the schools and 74% (95% CI 62-82) in the residential compounds. Measles infection resulted in a mean of 3.8 days of absenteeism per case, though this did not appear to have an impact on the children's grades. Among the index cases, 56% of children were probably infected by neighbors in the community, and 7% were probably infected at health centers, 13% outside the community, and 24% in one of the three schools which had outbreaks during the epidemic. However, most of the school-related cases occurred at the beginning and therefore contributed to the general propagation of the epidemic. To prevent school outbreaks, it may be necessary to require vaccination prior to school entry and to revaccinate children in individual schools upon detection of cases of measles. Multidose measles vaccination schedules will be necessary to control measles in developing countries.  (+info)

I(6/6923)

nvited commentary: vaccine failure or failure to vaccinate?  (+info)

Longitudinal evaluation of serovar-specific immunity to Neisseria gonorrhoeae. (7/6923)

The serovars of Neisseria gonorrhoeae that are predominant in a community change over time, a phenomenon that may be due to the development of immunity to repeat infection with the same serovar. This study evaluated the epidemiologic evidence for serovar-specific immunity to N. gonorrhoeae. During a 17-month period in 1992-1994, all clients of a sexually transmitted disease clinic in rural North Carolina underwent genital culture for N. gonorrhoeae. Gonococcal isolates were serotyped according to standard methods. Odds ratios for repeat infection with the same serovar versus any different serovar were calculated on the basis of the distribution of serovars in the community at the time of reinfection. Of 2,838 patients, 608 (21.4%; 427 males and 181 females) were found to be infected with N. gonorrhoeae at the initial visit. Ninety patients (14.8% of the 608) had a total of 112 repeat gonococcal infections. Repeat infection with the same serovar occurred slightly more often than would be expected based on the serovars prevalent in the community at the time of reinfection, though the result was marginally nonsignificant (odds ratio = 1.5, 95% confidence interval 1.0-2.4; p = 0.05). Choosing partners within a sexual network may increase the likelihood of repeat exposure to the same serovar of N. gonorrhoeae. Gonococcal infection did not induce evident immunity to reinfection with the same serovar.  (+info)

Diagnosing anaemia in pregnancy in rural clinics: assessing the potential of the Haemoglobin Colour Scale. (8/6923)

Anaemia in pregnancy is a common and severe problem in many developing countries. Because of lack of resources and staff motivation, screening for anaemia is often solely by clinical examination of the conjunctiva or is not carried out at all. A new colour scale for the estimation of haemoglobin concentration has been developed by WHO. The present study compares the results obtained using the new colour scale on 729 women visiting rural antenatal clinics in Malawi with those obtained by HemoCue haemoglobinometer and electronic Coulter Counter and with the assessment of anaemia by clinical examination of the conjunctiva. Sensitivity using the colour scale was consistently better than for conjunctival inspection alone and interobserver agreement and agreement with Coulter Counter measurements was good. The Haemoglobin Colour Scale is simple to use, well accepted, cheap and gives immediate results. It shows considerable potential for use in screening for anaemia in antenatal clinics in settings where resources are limited.  (+info)

TY - JOUR. T1 - Antitobacco media awareness of rural youth compared to suburban and urban youth in Indiana. AU - Zollinger, Terrell W.. AU - Saywell, Robert M.. AU - Overgaard, Amanda D.. AU - Przybylski, Michael J.. AU - Dutta-Bergman, Mohan. PY - 2006/4/1. Y1 - 2006/4/1. N2 - Purpose: This study examined the awareness and impact of antitobacco media messages among rural, suburban, and urban youth. Method: Self-administered questionnaires were received from 1,622, 1,059, and 1,177 middle school (sixth, seventh, and eighth grade) students in rural, suburban, and urban locations, respectively. Logistic regression compared media awareness and impact among the groups, controlling for grade, gender, race, and smoking behavior. Results: Compared to rural youth, suburban youth were more likely to recall media messages about the dangerous health effects of tobacco use (odds ratio [OR] = 1.94) and have their personal choice to use tobacco affected by the messages (OR = 1.85). Suburban and urban youth ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Cognitive function, body mass index and mortality in a rural elderly Chinese cohort. AU - Gao, Sujuan. AU - Jin, Yinlong. AU - Unverzagt, Frederick. AU - Cheng, Yibin. AU - Su, Liqin. AU - Wang, Chenkun. AU - Ma, Feng. AU - Hake, Ann. AU - Kettler, Carla. AU - Chen, Chen. AU - Liu, Jingyi. AU - Bian, Jianchao. AU - Li, Ping. AU - Murrell, Jill R.. AU - Clark, Daniel. AU - Hendrie, Hugh. PY - 2014. Y1 - 2014. N2 - Background: Previous studies have shown that poor cognition and low body mass index were associated with increased mortality. But few studies have investigated the association between cognition and mortality across the entire cognitive spectrum while adjusting for BMI. The objective of this study is to examine the associations between cognitive function, BMI and 7-year mortality in a rural elderly Chinese cohort. Methods: A prospective cohort of 2,000 Chinese age 65 and over from four rural counties in China were followed for 7-years. Cognitive function, BMI and other ...
Data from the 1984 National Health Interview Surveys Supplement on Aging are used to examine the relationship between health status & health care use among rural elderly. Measures of health status include self-perceived health, functional limitations, & limitations in activities of daily living; health service use is measured by number of doctors office visits & hospital stays. Logistic regression reveals that rural residence does not have a significant effect on either health status or service use, once various demographic characteristics are controlled, except for lower use of doctors by nonmetropolitan & farm residents. This discrepancy may be due to differences in types of illness, health beliefs, strength of informal care networks, or availability of public & private insurance.. ...
The impact of poverty on rural youth by Wayne L. Larson; 1 edition; First published in 1969; Subjects: Attitudes, Economic conditions, High school students, Rural poor, Social conditions
Hello all,. I am very pleased to be part of this important discussion. In regards to the challenges that rural youth preparing for and accessing decent work face, we cannot ignore the issue of hazardous exposures that may negatively affect the long term health and development of our future rural workers. When we discuss issues of decent work for youth in rural settings, we often speak about the right to security, the right to education; yet the fundamental human right to health is often left out of the equation. This is where we need to speak up, and I hope that we can use this medium for reminding us all of its importance. The threat of occupational illness and disease in this young cohort must be a matter of international concern.. The Challenge: The age of young workers in question in this forum, aged 15 to 17, coincides with the World Health Organizations (WHO) definition of adolescence, as the period in human growth and development that occurs after childhood and before adulthood. This ...
The Lifestyle of Rural Environment: Living in a rural environment implies that your Lifestyle will be influenced by the following tangible factors. The foremost would be the presence of natural landscapes, animals and other living things. Also, Lifestyle in rural environment will be influenced by the level of economic development there is in the community. The Lifestyle in rural environment may be moderate, busy or relaxed depending on the available tangible factors.. Lifestyle in Urban Environment: In the city, the Lifestyle is very different from the rural environment. The Lifestyle in the urban metropolis is totally contrasting from the Lifestyle in rural environment. In the urban metropolis, you will find Lifestyle that is active, noisy, busy, noisy, fast paced and even during times of peace, you will find people walking briskly, enjoying themselves with music and even eating or drinking! The Lifestyle in the urban metropolis will be completely different from the Lifestyle in rural ...
This report explores the issue of urban-rural differences in Europe according to a number of quality of life domains, namely: income and deprivation; housing; employment and education; work-life balance; access to work, school, family, friends and services; and subjective well-being.
Rural population (% of total population) in Guinea was last measured at 62.84 in 2015, according to the World Bank. Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Rural population (% of total population) in Guinea.
Downloadable! Our spatial analysis indicates that in 2000 over one third of the rural population in developing countries was located on less favored agricultural land and areas, which are constrained by biophysical conditions or poor market access. We examine whether these spatial distributions of rural population in 2000 influence subsequent changes in the rate of poverty from 2000 to 2012 in 83 developing countries. We find no evidence of a direct impact on changes in poverty, but there is a significant indirect impact via the elasticity of poverty reduction with respect to growth. If climate change leads to more people concentrated in these areas, or an increase in unfavorable agricultural regions, then the poverty-reducing impact of overall per capita income growth could be further weakened. Reducing poverty will require targeting rural populations in less favored lands and remote areas and encouraging out-migration.
Rural population in Faeroe Islands was last measured at 28907 in 2013, according to the World Bank. Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, statistics, an economic calendar and news for Rural population in Faeroe Islands.
Summary and citation information for the document Adolescent Alcohol Use: Do Risk and Protective Factors Explain Rural-Urban Differences? (Working Paper), produced by Maine Rural Health Research Center.
Abstract: The morbidity and the death rate in our country remain a burning issue for both the scientists and the government. These factors show not only the living quality but also the index of all human development. The statistics analysis reveals that the situation with morbidity and the death rate is complicated. In some regions, the morbidity rate decreases while the death rate remains sustainable. In other regions, though, it increases, which harms the whole country. All these factors do not allow our country to stand in line with the most developed countries. However, the situation differs in some regions, where the death and morbidity rates are rather low. The Tyumen Region stands among them. This article observes the morbidity and death rates of rural population in municipal districts of the Tyumen Region. The existing studies show that the numbers for the rural population are bigger than in city districts. Yet in some cases, the rural inhabitants suffer fewer diseases than the city ...
This study aimed to compare the prevalence of hypertension between the island and rural residents in Dalian, China, and to explore associated risk factors of hypertension in order to provide evidence for the establishment of targeted strategy of hypertension prevention and treatment for island and rural residents. The modified MONICA questionnaire survey was performed on 7764 island and rural residents aged ≥40 years (including 2652 island residents and 5112 rural residents). Our data showed that totally weighted prevalence of hypertension was significantly higher in rural residents than in island residents (61.9% vs. 55.2%, P<0.001). Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis showed that older age, higher BMI, lower education level, and higher LDL-C and UA levels were independently associated with increased risk of having hypertension both in island and in rural residents. The weighted awareness rate (29.9% vs. 17.3%, P<0.001), treatment rate (51.4% vs.
Rural population, male (% of total) in Lesotho was reported at 36.65 % in 2015, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Lesotho - Rural population, male (% of total) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on August of 2020.
Access to an improved water source , rural (% of rural population): Q5 (highest) in Guinea was reported at 75 % in 2012, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Guinea - Access to an improved water source , rural (% of rural population): Q5 (highest) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on August of 2020.
Rural population (persons). Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Source : United Nations, World Urbanization Prospects.
Rural population, female (% of total) in Germany was reported at 12.06 % in 2015, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. Germany - Rural population, female (% of total) - actual values, historical data, forecasts and projections were sourced from the |a href=https://data.worldbank.org/ target=blank>World Bank|/a> on February of 2020.
What makes for a thriving regional economy? And why does it matter? These are questions that a lot of folks out here in rural America are asking every day. Overall, rural population has declined in recent years, according to the U.S. census.. But thats not the full picture. The fact is that some rural areas are thriving, while others are on the decline. (For a detailed look, check out this map: http://ow.ly/BwbMd.). ...
Dwyer, S.; Lauener, R.; Willis-Owen, S.; Genuneit, J.; Horak, E.; Ege, M.; Cookson, W.; Mutius, Erika von; Moffatt, M. (2017): Gene Expression Study Of Childhood Asthma And Atopy In A Rural Environment. In: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Vol. 195 ...
Objectives: Life expectancy has increased over the world and resulting in increased number of old people. Thus, it is not just the living years which are important now, but the quality of life is itself a goal. This includes the elderly living in the rural areas as well to help recognize ...
The blastulas of unique organisms can take many diverse shapes. The unexpressed allele is known as recessive. As mentioned,, a monophyletic clade includes one particular ancestor and all its descendants.. The fertilized egg is currently known as a zygote. Fertilization happens internally. After the zygote splits into two cells, its known as a two-celled embryo.. For example, genetic counselors are professionals working with families who might be impacted by genetic diseases. This fact is extremely inconvenient for people who wish to take care of embryonic and fetal human beings as property. Many frown upon the expenses of cloning on account of the time-to-cost ratio.. You will be amazed at the variety of puzzled expressions. Lifetime of a few of these universes is too short. It takes a prolonged quantity of time for a product to result for the sum of money it costs to generate a clone.. Furthermore, it features the light source. Gastrulation proceeds differently depending on the organism its ...
How useful is gender in explaining the economic roles of Africas rural peoples? by Michael W. Warner; 1 edition; First published in 1996
I should point out that the percentage of residents moving away from rural counties was actually higher in the 1950s, 1960s and 1980s. Whats changed is a steady decline through the decades in natural population growth (births minus deaths) in rural America. In hundreds of rural counties, most in fact, deaths are now outpacing births.. This is because more and more young people are moving away from rural areas in search of better job opportunities in the cities. This has happened before, but its getting to the point where there just arent that many young people around anymore. This explains why the average age in rural America is on the rise.. Immigrants from abroad have brought new vitality to many US cities. Yet as of 2013, foreign-born residents made up only 2.4% of the rural population vs. 7.9% in metropolitan areas. Part of this is because rural residents are much more suspicious of immigrants, according to the WAPO/Kaiser survey.. Rural residents are nearly three times as likely, 42%, as ...
Read about a project to establish and compare smoking prevalence, smokeless use/dual use, and tobacco use risk factors between urban and rural youth and families.
Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population. More info » ...
Health promotion for rural populations: Partnership interventions Family & Community Health Wolters Kluwer 0160-6379 10.1097/00003727-199304000-00004
Forgive me, but I dont understand this post. The only graph is from CRU showing :massive global warming from ~1980 to 2010 of ~.45C. Are you going to present a comparison graph of Australia rural and non-rural stations over the same period during which the rural stations warmed by 60-70% of the non-rural? The Weighted Average Trend of these stations is wildly different than the CRU global, if I am reading this correctly. Are you going to point this out? I had to look and look and I dont know if I understand very well. Also, we dont know if BOM data are adjusted or not? Why not? Can you ask them and tell us if you got an answer or not? (Forgive me, again, for this request. I can see that the effort that went into this post is very, very extensive. I simply dont understand its purpose.). ...
News, features and analyses on Improving the lives of rural populations: better nutrition & agriculture productivity from IPS Inter Press Service - News and Views from the Global South
Díaz AA, Tringler MF. Prevalence of hypertension in rural populations from Ibero-America and the Caribbean. Rural Remote Health 2014;14:2591.
Total urban and rural population, given as estimates to 2016, and UN projections to 2050. Projections are based on the UN World Urbanization Prospects and its median fertility scenario.
To develop appropriate technology to increase cowpea processing efficiency and encourage increased utilization among Nigerias rural population and urban poor. In the U.S. this research will […]
The Role of Services and Facilities in Population Sustainability of Rural Settlements (Case Study: The Villages in Central Region of Birjand city)
EXCERPT: The number of people living in rural (nonmetro) counties stood at 46.1 million in July 2016-14 percent of all U.S. residents spread across 72 percent of the Nations land area. The rural population declined by 21,000 between July 2015 and July 2016, according to the U.S. Census Bureaus latest population estimates, the sixth consecutive year of modest population losses. Although many rural counties have shown population losses for decades, this is the first period on record of overall rural population decline . . .County population change includes two major components: natural change (births minus deaths) and net migration (in-migrants minus out-migrants). While natural change has gradually trended downward over time, net migration rates tend to fluctuate in response to economic conditions. Since 2010, the increase in rural population from natural change (270,000 more births than deaths) has not matched the decrease in population from net migration (462,000 more people moved out than ...
This paper estimates the impact of the first nation-wide e-commerce expansion program on rural households. To do so, we combine a randomized control trial with new survey and administrative microdata. In contrast to existing case studies, we find little evidence for income gains to rural producers and workers. Instead, the gains are driven by a reduction in cost of living for a minority of rural households who tend to be younger, richer and in more remote markets. These effects are mainly due to overcoming logistical barriers to e-commerce, rather than to additional investments to adapt e-commerce to the rural population. ...
Introduction: Lifestyle of an individual is responsible for sixty percent of his/her state of health. Many studies of this problem indicate that in the style of life of schoolchildren, anti-health behaviours dominate over health promoting behaviours.
Group concept mapping is a means of organizing qualitative data using a set of statistical analysis techniques. It differs from other forms of group data collection by virtue of the fact that, despite some interaction between participants, the data is collected on an individual basis and is then aggregated using statistical analysis. The members of the group then interpret the results in a collective and usually consensual manner to identify the meaning that emerges from the information gathered.. Our analysis sheds light on the differences between individual and collective representations and the progression that occurs in passing from one level to the other.. ...
Europes rural areas are diverse in terms of population, demography, economic and social structures and labour markets. It is this diversity that is part of their richness. Nevertheless, many of Europes rural areas face a common challenge their capacity to create high quality, sustainable jobs is falling behind urban areas.
The area where the health facilities are very uncommon and is located at distance from urban areas is called rural area. Rural areas are deficient of various types of health facilities and also associated with many types of health problems. ...
MORE PEOPLE than ever are living in the small towns, distant suburbs and farms that make up rural America, the government reported Wednesday. About 64.8 million people, or 25 percent of the U.S.
Its official. There are now more Chinese who call home in one of Chinas urban centers than those who remain on the farm. It is a process that began in the late 70s with Deng Xiao Ping opening up Chinas economy, and according to the McKinsey study
White women in the US are living shorter, unhealthier lives, and those living in rural areas are hardest hit. The trend is being blamed in part on drug use and a lack of opportunity.
Background. The extent to which certain maternal, child and family characteristics are associated in families with a 3-year-old child were examined. Method. A total population of families with a 3-year-old child and living in the New Forest were identified. Measures of child behaviour and the maternal GHQ-30 were obtained. Results. Whereas...
Home , Contact Us , Terms & Conditions , Privacy Policy. Percentage of males is 50.10% and 49.9% females. Mahabubabad village is located in Mahabubabad Tehsil of Warangal district in Telangana, India. It belongs to Telangana region . 16 Wanaparthy District. Block) of this village with C.D. 10 Nirmal District. The victim, Tejavath Jyoti, is suspected to have been killed by her alleged paramour G Ramesh. Most of the population lives in villages with 90.14% rural population and 9.86% urban population. Mahabubabad is mandal HQ (Mdl code-24) in Warangal Dt, AP. The district has significant amount of scheduled tribes population, called Lambadas with about 37.8% whereas scheduled castes are about 13.5%. Get Detailed information about Mahabubabad village like History, Population, Census, Pincode, STD Code, Street Map, Satellite Map etc. 3 Jayashankar District. Sl No Village Name Village Code; 1: The Mahabubabad District formed on 11.10.2016. Mahabubabad has a population of 1,13,812 peoples. Mahabubabad ...
The [email protected] Centre provides a platform for research students to deposit their Ph.D. theses and make it available to the entire scholarly community in open access. Shodhganga Mirror Site ...
The article presents the changes in the level of economic activity of rural population in Poland in the years 2000-2008. The main goal of the paper was the determination of how such social and demographic characterics as age, education and sex influence the economic activity. To estimate this relation the Author used a chi-square test for independence as well as measures as: Chuprov's coefficient, Pearson's contingency coefficient and corrected Pearson's contingency coefficient. It was stated that in the analysed period there was a statistically significant correlation in all cases, simultaneously the most significant correlation was observed between the age and the economic activity of the rural population. (original abstract ...
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Note: This data has been uploaded by the respective states after calculating the population based on census 2011 and the decadal growth rate. ...
Chuvashsko-Sorminskoye Rural Settlement or Chuvash-Sorma Rural Settlement (Russian: Чувашско-Сорминское се́льское поселе́ние; Chuvash: Чăваш Сурăм ял тăрăхĕ, Chăvash Surăm yal tărăkhĕ) is an administrative[1] and municipal division (a rural settlement) of Alikovsky District of the Chuvash Republic, Russia.[2] It is located in the eastern part of the district. Its administrative center is the locality (a selo) of Chuvashskaya Sorma.[2] Rural settlements population: 1,758 (2006 est.).[source?] Chuvashsko-Sorminskoye Rural Settlement comprises sixteen rural localities.[2] The Cheboksary-Yadrin highway crosses the territory of the rural settlement. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Indigenous beliefs and attitudes to AIDS precautions in a rural South African community: An empirical study. AU - Liddell, C. AU - Barrett, Louise. AU - Bydawell, Moya. PY - 2006. Y1 - 2006. N2 - Background: It was recently hypothesized that indigenous belief systems might have a bearing on attitudes toward HIV/AIDS prevention in Southern Africa (1). Purpose: This article comprises the first empirical test of the hypothesis. Methods: Participants (n = 407) lived in a remote rural area of KwaZulu Natal, South Africa, and were divided into younger (18-24 years) and older (35-45 years) cohorts. All participants completed a questionnaire measuring Attitudes to AIDS Precautions, indigenous knowledge, indigenous beliefs about ancestral protection, and indigenous beliefs about illness. Results: Indigenous beliefs pertaining to health behavior emerged as multidimensional in both structure and effect. Among older participants, there were significant associations between indigenous belief ...
In the U.S. diabetes prevalence estimates for adults ≥ 65 years exceed 20%. Rural communities have higher proportions of older individuals and health disparities associated with rural residency place rural communities at risk for a higher burden from diabetes. This study examined the adequacy of care received by older rural adults for their diabetes to determine if older rural adults differed in the receipt of adequate diabetes care when compared to their non-rural counterparts. Cross-sectional data from the 2009 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey were examined using bivariate and multivariate analytical techniques. Logistic regression analysis revealed that older rural adults with diabetes were more likely to receive less than adequate care when compared to their non-rural counterparts (OR = 1.465, 95% CI: 1.454-1.475). Older rural adults receiving less than adequate care for their diabetes were more likely to be: male, non-Caucasian, less educated, unmarried, economically poorer, inactive, a
The prevalence of osteo-arthritis among elderly as per the present study was 56.6%. Community survey data in rural and urban areas of India shows the prevalence of osteoarthritis to be in the range of 17 to 60.6%. The prevalence of osteo-arthritis amongst elderly in rural areas of Amritsar was 60.6%2, while it was 17% amongst the elderly of rural areas of Wardha (Maharastra)3. In Aligarh the prevalence of osteo-arthritis was 30.2%4.. Present study showed significant difference in the prevalence of osteo-arthritis in elderly of rural and urban areas. The low prevalence of osteo-arthritis in rural elderly could be due to differences in their life style. Rural elderly are usually more mobile, (in present study also limitation of movements in rural elderly was significantly less than in urban elderly) have less obesity compared to urban elderly and have better socialinteractions.. The last factor makes rural elderly to divert their minds away from symptoms. It was seen in the present study that peak ...
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All countries compared for Agriculture > Rural population, United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. Retrieved from http://148.251.51.235/country-info/stats/Agriculture/Rural-population. All countries compared for Agriculture > Rural population, United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. 2000-2030. ,http://148.251.51.235/country-info/stats/Agriculture/Rural-population,.. All countries compared for Agriculture > Rural population, United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster., ,http://148.251.51.235/country-info/stats/Agriculture/Rural-population, [assessed 2000-2030]. All countries compared for Agriculture > Rural population, United Nations Population Division. Source tables. Aggregates compiled by NationMaster. [Internet]. 2000-2030. Avaliable from: ,http://148.251.51.235/country-info/stats/Agriculture/Rural-population,.. All countries compared for ...
This study forms part of FAO s programmes to strengthen forestry activities which directly benefit rural people in developing countries. The linkages through which rural people draw directly on forests and forest products take many forms, ranging from the use of forest land for shifting cultivation to small processing enterprises based upon raw materials from the forest. Some forest products, such as fuelwood, are essential to meeting people s basic needs. In aggregate it is likely that almost all rural people in non-industrial countries depend on forests and trees for at least some of the inputs into their life systems.
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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). January 12, 2017. A new CDC study demonstrates that Americans living in rural areas are more likely to die from five leading causes than their urban counterparts. In 2014, many deaths among rural Americans were potentially preventable, including 25,000 from heart disease, 19,000 from cancer, 12,000 from unintentional injuries, 11,000 from chronic lower respiratory disease, and 4,000 from stroke. The percentages of deaths that were potentially preventable were higher in rural areas than in urban areas. The report and a companion commentary are part of a new rural health series in CDCs Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.. This new study shows there is a striking gap in health between rural and urban Americans, said CDC Director Tom Frieden, M.D., M.P.H. To close this gap, we are working to better understand and address the health threats that put rural Americans at increased risk of early death.. Some 46 million Americans - 15 percent of ...
The article presents the results of analyses covering the social, economic and demographic structure of Poland's non-farm rural population, that are based on the data provided by the National Census of May 2002. Special attention was given in these analyses to the non-farm rural population's breakdown into the groups of employed, unemployed and vocationally passive persons as well as to the structure of each of these groups according to the criterion of sex, age and the level of education. The structure of the group of employed persons was additionally analysed in accordance with the criterion of the main place of work and the status of employment (hired employees and self-employed persons), whereas the structure of the group of unemployed persons was additionally examined in accordance with the criterion of duration of the search for a job. All the analysed structures of the non-farm rural population were compared with the analogous structures of the urban population. One of the main ...
Migration is an important process of change for rural populations in developing countries. Migration is a primary cause of behaviour change - by their very act of migrating, migrants are different from those who do not migrate. The focus of the current study is male rural-urban migration in Tanzania and its interaction with sexual behaviour. The analysis presents results from a comparison with individual-level analyses of two populations, one (composed of recent rural-urban migrants) in an urban area and one in a rural area. Detailed migration histories (n=96 rural-urban migrants) and in-depth interviews (n=96 rural-urban migrants, n=51 rural residents) form the basis of the study. Three key research questions are addressed: How does the sexual behaviour of migrants differ from that of rural residents? How do HIV knowledge levels vary between rural-urban migrants and rural residents? What factors are associated with either intentions of behaviour change or reported behaviour? The results are ...
In later periods, there are large estates (manorial system) that comprise these settlements, but it may be that such settlements were independent before the establishing of such estates. A crucial point is that most textual evidence dates from the 9th century and not earlier.. Dwellers within an estate might be free or not, dependent or nor, but archaeology is not able to see these differences. Instead, its the economic condition that can be understood from archaeological evidence.. Wickham argues that the rural population was not sufficient to sustain an economy of scale (like the Roman one). Steuer (1997) describes a model of top-down and peer-to-peer exchange, and they can coexist in the same world system.. Grave goods are not local products: they include objects like rings, fibulae and belt fittings. What or who moved these objects? Were they traded or were people carrying them? Whatever the case, these rural populations had access to distribution networks ranging as far as the Alps, as is ...
Latvijos Verslo Portalas / Latvijos ekonominiai rodikliai / Latvija - Rural population growth (annual %) Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population.
What is the Homestead Act?. An estate of homestead is a type of protection for a persons principal residence. There is an automatic homestead protection of one hundred and twenty-five thousand dollars ($125,000) with respect to a home that does not declare a homestead exemption with the Registry of Deeds. This automatic protection may be sufficient to protect a deposit made upon the estate; however, it is not likely to be sufficient coverage to protect the full value of your home. In order for homeowners in Massachusetts to protect the value of their property up to five hundred thousand dollars ($500,000) per residence, per family, you must file a document called a Declaration of Homestead. The form is filed at the Registry of Deeds in the county or district where the property is located, referencing the title/deed to the property (Secretary Galvin).. Who can file a Homestead protection?. The owner or owners of a home who occupy or intend to occupy the home as a principal residence may file a ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Risk-Awareness of Cutaneous Malignancies among Rural Populations. AU - Moore, John. AU - Zelen, Dan. AU - Hafeez, Imran. AU - Ganti, Apar Kishor. AU - Beal, James. AU - Potti, Anil. PY - 2003/12/1. Y1 - 2003/12/1. N2 - The prevention of skin cancer relies not only on the knowledge of the risks of ultraviolet rays, but also on the appropriate measures to minimize solar exposure. We conducted a questionnaire-based survey among a rural population to evaluate perceptions regarding (i) sun-related behaviors, (ii) measures taken to protect themselves, and (iii) self-skin assessment knowledge. Questions included data on patients knowledge of deleterious effects of sun exposure, their habits and perceptions about adequate protection, their knowledge of a suspicious cutaneous lesion, and if a physician had spoken to them about the risks of ultraviolet/solar exposure. One hundred and six adults (38 males and 68 females) seen in a primary care clinic were enrolled in our study. Of these, ...
The overarching goal of this study is to engage rural primary care clinics and community organizations to test interventions designed to increase HPV vaccinations in both male and female patients aged 9-26 years. Using a step-wedge randomized controlled trial, we will design and test the effectiveness of multi-component primary care practice-based interventions on the completion of the HPV vaccine series and will explore implementation timing in high and low functioning practices to determine how specific characteristics affect the delivery of the full series. Additionally, we will design and test the impact of a community organization-based intervention intended to educate the public about HPV and cancer risk and risk reduction via vaccination ...
The overarching goal of this study is to engage rural primary care clinics and community organizations to test interventions designed to increase HPV vaccinations in both male and female patients aged 9-26 years. Using a step-wedge randomized controlled trial, we will design and test the effectiveness of multi-component primary care practice-based interventions on the completion of the HPV vaccine series and will explore implementation timing in high and low functioning practices to determine how specific characteristics affect the delivery of the full series. Additionally, we will design and test the impact of a community organization-based intervention intended to educate the public about HPV and cancer risk and risk reduction via vaccination ...
Children are exposed to environmental contaminants by placing contaminated hands or objects in their mouths. We quantified hand- and object-mouthing frequencies of Bangladeshi children and determined if they differ from those of U.S. children to evaluate the appropriateness of applying U.S. exposure models in other socio-cultural contexts. We conducted a five-hour structured observation of the mouthing behaviors of 148 rural Bangladeshi children aged 3-18 months. We modeled mouthing frequencies using 2-parameter Weibull distributions to compare the modeled medians with those of U.S. children. In Bangladesh the median frequency of hand-mouthing was 37.3 contacts/h for children 3-6 months old, 34.4 contacts/h for children 6-12 months old, and 29.7 contacts/h for children 12-18 months old. The median frequency of object-mouthing was 23.1 contacts/h for children 3-6 months old, 29.6 contacts/h for children 6-12 months old, and 15.2 contacts/h for children 12-18 months old. At all ages both hand- and object
The Study Coordinating Center (SCC) of the RURAL Cohort Study will be at the School of Medicine at Boston University under the leadership of principal investigator, Vasan Ramachandran, MD. The SCC will be responsible for overseeing the overall management of the study, including investigators, cores, and RURAL infrastructure. The SCC will also coordinate with the NHLBI project office and the various external monitoring boards and committees.. The Pulmonary Core of the RURAL Cohort Study will be led by the School of Medicine at Boston University under the leadership of George OConnor, MD along with his colleague, Hector Marquez, MD. The Pulmonary Core will be responsible for the measurements of minor and major spirometry, as well as the interpretation of lung CT image. abnormalities.. ...
"Rural population". Education for all in India. 1999. Archived from the original on 10 July 2011. Retrieved 21 August 2006. " ... However, the practice remained in existence into the 1990s especially among the elderly and the more isolated rural populations ... 76.87% population of Kargil is Muslim (mostly Shia), with a total population of 140,802, while that of Leh is 66.40% Buddhist, ... About 84% of Ladakh's population lives in villages. The average annual population growth rate from 1981 to 2001 was 2.75% in ...
The population of the urban area alone at the 2011 census was 4,898. There are two electoral wards in Ottery (Rural and Town). ... "Parish population 2011". Retrieved 24 February 2015. "Rural ward 2011". Retrieved 24 February 2015. "Town Ward 2011". Retrieved ... The club was listed in the EFDSS list of local rural folk clubs. Until 1967 the town was served by Ottery St Mary railway ... Within hours one hundred houses had been destroyed, and 500 people rendered homeless - 10% of the population. A great part of ...
"Rural Population Classes". Retrieved 18 December 2016. "Language Centre - Language Centre - Home". Retrieved 18 December 2016. ... Pages 22-23 Geroid Robinson, Rural Russia under the old regime, page 59 Geroid Tanquary Robinson, Rural Russia under the old ... describing Russian rural life of those times, and where the word muzhik was used to mean the most common rural dweller - a ... of the population. The exact numbers, according to official data, were: entire population 60909309; peasantry of all classes ...
The parish had a population of 1,519 recorded in the 2011 census, a slight decrease from the 1,545 recorded in the 2001 census ... "Lancaster Rural North". Elections 2017. Lancashire County Council. Archived from the original on 2 June 2017. Retrieved 3 ... "Ward population 2011". Archived from the original on 7 July 2015. Retrieved 8 June 2015. "Election Results 2 May 2019". ... The Silverdale ward stretches east to the Yealands and surrounding areas with a total population of 2,035. On Lancaster City ...
2010). Census 2010 American Indian and Alaska Native Summary File; Table: PCT2; Urban and rural; Universe Total Population; ... It is difficult to get a reliable number for the urban Indian population. In 1999, Kenneth Prewitt, director of the United ... He points out that many Native Americans travel back and forth between cities and rural communities, and maintain active ties ... 4.2 for the total U.S. population). American Indian Center History of the Native Americans in Baltimore Indian colony Native ...
Urban Population: 21,070. Rural Population: 20,186. 49.9% of its inhabitants are women. 46.5% of the population is under 15 ... 48.9% of its population lives in rural areas. Population density of approximately: 112 inhabitants. /km2 Its inhabitants are ... The Catholic population also has another small temple, the church of El Calvario. Other faiths are present: Pentecostal ( ... The town's population is predominantly Catholic and traditional. The celebrations of Santa Ana, Easter, Christmas and the ...
Total population 1,166,079,217 (July 2009 est. CIA), 1,210 million (2011 census), 1,281,935,911 (July 2017 est.) Rural ... "Overall total population" - World Population Prospects: The 2019 Revision" (xslx). population.un.org (custom data acquired via ... "World Population prospects - Population division"". population.un.org. United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs ... List of cities in India by population Source: UN World Population Prospects Structure of the population (9 February 2011) ( ...
"Camden East Population". Rural Routes. Retrieved 2009-08-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Camden East History". ... However, since the mills closed in the 1950s, the population of the town has decreased significantly. While Samuel Clark's ... Rural Routes. Edwards, Frank (1984). The Smiling Wilderness: An Illustrated History of Lennox and Addington County. Camden East ...
Population: 2,128 (all rural). Males: 1,074. Females: 1,054. Races in Union township: White Non-Hispanic: 96.2% Black: 0.6% ...
As of 2001, the population of the Kharkiv region is as follows: 78.5% living in urban areas, and 21.5% living in rural areas. ... "Всеукраїнський перепис населення 2001 , English version , Results , General results of the census , Urban and rural population ... The first independent all-Ukrainian population census was conducted in December 2001, and the next all-Ukrainian population ... Kyiv was by population the smaller of the two. The significant Jewish population of Kharkiv (Kharkiv's Jewish community prided ...
The population is rural. Abundant small, clear waterways drain from the highest points of the Sierra outward in all directions ... Its highest point is 1,260 m (4,130 ft). There are no cities or towns in the Sierra and the small population is largely ... El Sabinito may have consisted of 600 houses with a population of 1,500 at its peak. It was abandoned in about 1300 AD, ...
Rural retrospect: a parallel history of Worcester and its Rural Cemetery. Worcester: Albert W. Rice. 1956. pp. 28-33. " ... Population: 4,173. 1832 - Worcester Law Library Association active. 1833 Tolman carriage factory established. Ezra Rice House ... Rural Cemetery is incorporated. 1843 - College of the Holy Cross established. 1840 Worcester County Horticultural Society ... Population: 7,497. 1844 - Worcester Almanac begins publication. 1845 Daily Transcript and Worcester County Gazette newspapers ...
The population of the parish taken at the 2011 census was 605. Not having a church, Uckington was formerly a hamlet in the ... "Uckington & Elmstone Hardwicke Village Hall". Gloucestershire Rural Community Council. Archived from the original on 8 July ... "Parish population 2011". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2015. " ...
"Itale (Rural Ward, Tanzania)". City Population. Retrieved February 29, 2020. "2002 Population and Housing Census General Report ... According to the 2012 census, the ward has a total population of 7,609, up from 6,720 in 2002. " ...
গ্রামভিত্তিক লোকসংখ্যা [Rural population]. Andicotup Union (in Bengali). ইউনিয়ন সমুহ [Rest of the Union]. Comilla District (in ...
"Sakleshpur Urban & Rural Population". Census India. Retrieved 12 December 2019. "Tourists to Sakleshpur increasing post rains ... Show zoomed out Show zoomed mid Show zoomed in As of 2011[update] India census, Sakleshpur had a population of 23,352 of which ... "Sakleshpur Population Census 2011". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 20 March 2017. "Distance between Mangalore and Sakleshpur". All ... of the population is under 6 years of age. The Manjarabad Fort was constructed by Pallada dore its a jail after Tippu Sultan ...
Only Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia experienced a decline in population. "Population Urban and Rural". Statistics Canada ... The total population count was 10,376,379 representing a 17.9% increase over the 1911 Census population count of 8,800,249. The ... The Canada 1931 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. The census count was taken as at 1 June 1931. ... CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Historical Statistics of Canada: Population and Migration". Statistics Canada. ...
... of the population. The remaining population (11.8%) reports no religious affiliation. Of the Christian population, the largest ... "Dublin". Ontario Rural Routes. Retrieved June 28, 2019. Perth County Discover More 2019, page 2 "Fullarton". Ontario Rural ... the Municipality of West Perth had a population of 8,919 people, a 0.9% increase from the 2006 population of 8,839. Children ... By 1901, the population had grown to 2,200 and in 1918, a large new elementary school was necessary. A high school was built ...
This gives it a ranking of 602nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 43 inhabitants per ... National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011. US ... "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Saint Lucia 161,557 July 2011 est. M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Aimol ... Religion According to the 2011 census Chandel district has a population of 144,182, roughly equal to the nation of Saint Lucia ...
According to the 2011 Census of India, the Kharibari CD block had a total population of 109,251, of which 97,399 were rural and ... Others numbered 371 and formed 0.34% of the population. According to the Rural Household Survey in 2005, 24.40% of the total ... "West Bengal Summary". Rural Household Survey 2005. Department of Panchayat & Rural Development, Government of West Bengal. ... Muslims numbered 5,012 and formed 4.59% of the population. Christians numbered 4,047 and formed 3.70% of the population. ...
"Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Vanuatu 224,564 July 2011 est. 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother ... National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011. ... 98% of the population belongs to one of the scheduled tribes. The five Kings of Dangs are the only hereditary royals in India ... Dang has an area of 1,764 km² and a population of 228,291 (as of 2011). As of 2011, it is the least populous district of ...
"Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Lesotho 1,924,886 "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census ... National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011. India ... This gives it a ranking of 246th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 228 inhabitants per ... According to the 2011 census Raichur district has a population of 1,928,812, roughly equal to the nation of Lesotho or the US ...
"Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Cyprus 1,120,489 July 2011 est. "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. ... National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011. " ... This gives it a ranking of 427th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 172 inhabitants per ... At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 94.92% of the population in the district spoke Hindi and 3.4% Bagheli as their first ...
"Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62 "2010 Resident Population Data". U.S. Census Bureau. ... National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011. https ... This gives it a ranking of 145th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,136 inhabitants ... According to the 2011 census Bhojpur district, Bihar has a population of 2,728,407, roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or ...
"Rural Population (% of Total Population)". World Bank. 1 May 2016. Retrieved 14 July 2020. "India: An agricultural powerhouse ... Nearly 66% of India's population is rural, and contributes about 50% of India's GDP. It has the world's fourth-largest foreign- ... Sarkar & Kumar (2011), Impact of MGNREGA on Reducing Rural Poverty and Improving Socio-economic Status of Rural Poor: A Study ... of its population living in urban centres, higher than the percentage of the urban population in contemporary Europe at the ...
... hunting and gathering community.This is the largest population among PVTG in Kerala with a total population of19995 (Male- 9953 ... National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011. ... The population of Vettakuruman is 6482 consisting of 3193 males and 3289 females. Wayanad Kadar: They are found in Kozhikkode ... 2011 Census of India gives district a ranking of 482nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density ...
"Byranaikanahalli Population - Bangalore Rural, Karnataka". census2011.co.in. Retrieved 15 April 2017. CS1 maint: discouraged ... In 2011, the population was 1050 with 596 males and 454 females. The Bhairanayakanahalli Halt Railway Station is a connecting ... Bhairanayakanahalli is a village of Nelamangala subdistrict, Bangalore Rural district in the state of Karnataka, India. It is ...
Vermont 625,741 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901 Official website. ... National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2011. US ... Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.32%. Sheohar has a sex ratio of 890 females for every 1000 males, ... This gives it a ranking of 511th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,882 inhabitants ...
"Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Congo, Republic of the 4,243,929 "2010 Resident Population Data". U. ... National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011. US ... Kentucky 4,339,367 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901 Samastipur ... This gives it a ranking of 45th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,467 inhabitants ...
"Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62 "2010 Resident Population Data". U.S. Census Bureau. ... National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011. US ... Nevada 2,700,551 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901 Official district ... This gives it a ranking of 148th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,284 inhabitants ...
In the rural town of Newarre, the Waystone Inn is managed by an innkeeper named Kote and his assistant Bast. It is revealed ... most of the population does not have reliable knowledge of the magical disciplines and many still doubt that magicians can ... Hearing reports of blue fire and murder at a rural wedding, he suspects the Chandrian and visits the site. There, Kvothe and ...
27.8% of the population was Hispanic.[6][7] The census reported that 9,243 people (99.6% of the population) lived in households ... Valley Center is a small community in a rural area. The community is largely based on agriculture and farming with a few gated ... At the 2010 census Valley Center had a population of 9,277. The population density was 178.3 people per square mile (130.6/km2 ... The population density was 59.1 inhabitants per square mile (96.6/km2). There were 415 housing units at an average density of ...
"Journal of Rural Problems (Japan) (in Japanese). ISSN 0388-8525.. *^ "Final Straw - Food - Earth - Happiness". www.finalstraw. ... The increases in organic carbon and nitrogen increase aerobic, facultative anaerobic and anaerobic bacteria populations.[18] ...
Rural reformEdit. From 1975 on, all those living in rural co-operatives, meaning the vast majority of Cambodia's population, ... There the Khmer Rouge agreed that it would expel the populations of Cambodia's cities to rural villages. They saw this as ... The new Standing Committee decreed that the population would work ten day weeks with one day off from labor; a system modelled ... The Cambodian population were officially known as "Kampuchean" rather than "Khmer" to avoid the ethnic specificity associated ...
It is widely celebrated by the country's large Azerbaijani minority (~7% of the total population)[112] as well as by the ... resembling many aspects of ancient Zoroastrianism are still traditionally observed among the rural areas, where they form local ... Until 2005, the Kurdish population of Turkey could not celebrate their New Year openly.[117] "Thousands of people have been ... "The traditional Nowrouz/Nowrooz celebrations, mainly celebrated by the Kurdish population in the Kurdistan Region in Iraq, and ...
For many scholars this continuum still exists today at the level of rural dialects.[9][10][11] Others point out that modern ... 58% of the population of Galicia (c. 1.56 million) are L1 speakers (2007)[2]. ... However, Galician is still the main language in rural areas.. The Royal Galician Academy and other Galician institutions ... Galician is spoken by some three million people, including most of the population of Galicia and the numerous Galician ...
General population. Education of the general public about the risk factors for Ebola infection and of the protective measures ... On 26 August 1976, a second outbreak of EVD began in Yambuku, a small rural village in Mongala District in northern Zaire (now ... decline in tracking indices of observed chimpanzee populations in the 420 km2 Lossi Sanctuary between 2002 and 2003.[243] ... and that outbreaks result from transmission between viral reservoirs and animal populations.[243] ...
The population of Lautoka including the rural districts is around 80,000. But much of the recent growth of the city itself has ... In 1986 the population was 39,000 and in 1996 almost 43,000, but it is not clear exactly how the boundaries of the urban area ... Since 1970, the population of Lautoka has grown rapidly, and in the last twenty years it has also changed dramatically in ... In 2005 the population including the suburban zones was probably about 50,000, occupying a total area of about 16 km². ...
Rates appear to be lower in rural societies.[22] While some research has found it affects people of all ethnic groups,[175] ... Globally, acne affects approximately 650 million people, or about 9.4% of the population, as of 2010.[173] It affects nearly 90 ... Acne appears to be strongly inherited; genetics explain 81% of the variation in the population.[15] Studies performed in ... Some rural societies report lower rates of acne than industrialized ones.[21][22] Children and adults may also be affected ...
Rural District. Rahimabad. Population (2006). • Total. 841. Time zone. UTC+3:30 (IRST). ... Tul Lat (Persian: طول لات‎, also Romanized as Ţūl Lāt; also known as Ţūleh Lāt-e Āzār Key)[1] is a village in Rahimabad Rural ... At the 2006 census, its population was 841, in 214 families.[2] ...
... one urban-rural and 10 rural). These are listed in the following table, in descending order of population. ... out of which the population of Stawiszyn is 1,554 and the rural population is 78,815. ... The county covers an area of 1,160.02 square kilometres (447.9 sq mi). As of 2006 its total population is 80,369, ...
R - Economia urbana, rural e regionalEditar. JEL: R - Urban, Rural, and Regional economics ... JEL: R23 - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population. JEL: R29 - Outros. JEL: R3 - Production Analysis and Firm ... JEL: P25 - Urban, Rural, and Regional Economics; Housing; Transportation. JEL: P26 - Political Economy; Property Rights. JEL: ... O18 - Análise Urbana, Rural, Regional • Transporte • Habitação • Infraestrutura. * O19 - Ligações Internacionais ao ...
Variation in percentage of stunting and underweight is seen among children under 5 in urban and rural region. Rural areas are ... Nepal is one of the countries recognized for the well‐functioning immunization system with coverage of 97% population equally, ... Much of rural Nepal is located on hilly or mountainous regions. Nepal's rugged terrain and the lack of properly enabling ... Rural health facilities often lack adequate funding. In 2003, Nepal had ten health centers, 83 hospitals, 700 health posts, and ...
Rural District. Siyarastaq Yeylaq. Population (2006). • Total. 14. Time zone. IRST (UTC+3:30). ... Jur Deh (Persian: جورده‎, also Romanized as Jūr Deh)[1] is a village in Siyarastaq Yeylaq Rural District, Rahimabad District, ... At the 2006 census, its population was 14, in 6 families.[2] ...
Rural municipality and village in Jujuy Province in Argentina.[15] 3,924 metres (12,874 ft). Yauri. Peru. Population 24,566 ( ... Population 18,068 (2012).[13] 3,658 metres (12,001 ft). Lhasa, Tibet. China. Population 216,663 (2010).[8] The capital city of ... Population 10,282 (2010).[8] 4,170 metres (13,680 ft). Colquechaca. Bolivia. Small town in Bolivia. Population 4,272 (2012).[13 ... Population 1,488 4,870 metres (15,980 ft). Wenquan, Qinghai. China. [5] This small settlement is the highest "city" in the ...
listen)) is a town in the former-district of Faro, in the Portuguese region of the Algarve.[1] The population in 2011 was ... although they administratively govern a disperse region of rural-urban agglomerations. ... 22,975,[2] in an area of 88.25 km².[3] Its urban population is 6100 inhabitants. ...
Urbanization of populations could be another factor, as tropical ulcer is usually a rural problem. More widespread use of shoes ... as both the exposure to the elements and their unhygienic lifestyle make them a high-risk population. Open skin from ...
The population of the urban area alone at the 2011 census was 4,898.[2] There are two electoral wards in Ottery (Rural & Town ... Within hours one hundred houses had been destroyed, and 500 people rendered homeless - 10% of the population. A great part of ... The club was listed in the EFDSS list of local rural folk clubs. ... The total population of both wards, including the adjacent ...
A government survey in Sydney found that the proportion of the population attending pubs and clubs rose after smoking was ... It has been claimed that the smoke-free law was a significant contributing factor to the closure of hundreds of small rural ... "studies with smaller population in the United States usually reported larger reductions, while larger studies reported ... "Rural pubs will suffer from smoking ban". The Times. London. Retrieved 7 April 2010 ...
The increase reflected his ability to reach people outside the German American community and among the growing population ... attracting many black and white migrants from the rural South, as well as Jewish and Catholic ethnics from eastern and southern ...
Urban and rural districts in the Free State of Saxony in Germany ... Population (31 December 2016)[1]. • Total. 344,136. • Density. ...
It is considered important for maintaining community ties but under threat from rural-urban migration and greater use of modern ... and even today a large share of Mongolia's population lives in ger, even in Ulaanbaatar. Ger' also means home, and other words ...
For example, in the U.S., reducing the deer population to levels of 8 to 10 per square mile (from the current levels of 60 or ... The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention studied 100 ticks in rural New Jersey, and found 55% of the ticks were infected ... The winter tick which has affected moose populations in the 21st century is not a carrier of Lyme.[281] ... Lyme and other deer tick-borne diseases can sometimes be reduced by greatly reducing the deer population on which the adult ...
... the American Society of Radiologic Technologists have launched a similar campaign to address this issue in the adult population ...
Their greatest strength was in rural Wales, notably Anglesey, Caernarfonshire, Merionethshire and Ceredigion.[citation needed] ... New estimates of the religious composition of the population in 1680, 1720, 1760, 1800 and 1840. ... Starting in rural areas and small market towns, the 19th century was the golden age of Welsh nonconformity. Some small ... particularly in rural areas. The relative absence of these influences in the industrial valleys made Nonconformity even more ...
Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011.. *^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population ... Hamilton is a rural-suburban town in the eastern central portion of Essex County in eastern Massachusetts, United States. At ... population estimate. Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16] ... 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011.. *^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census ...
Rural District. Gurani. Population (2006). • Total. 92. Time zone. IRST (UTC+3:30). ... At the 2006 census, its population was 92, in 25 families.[2] ... Rural Districts. and villages. Ban Zardeh. *Baba Jani-ye Abd ol ... is a village in Gurani Rural District, Gahvareh District, Dalahu County, Kermanshah Province, Iran. ...
Some dingo hybrids are accepted back into the wild dingo population, where they breed with pure dingoes. In some parts of ... "Genetic characterisation of a domestic dog Canis familiaris breed endemic to South African rural areas". Acta Theriologica. 49 ... If interbreeding had been common, each successive generation of the coyote population would have acquired more and more dog- ... "Gene Flow between Wolf and Shepherd Dog Populations in Georgia (Caucasus)". Journal of Heredity. 105 (3): 345-53. doi:10.1093/ ...
"UNdata , record view , Population by religion, sex and urban/rural residence - Filter to Zambia". data.un.org. Retrieved 2020- ... Population-E. 66 (1): 15-17. Retrieved 2017-07-05.. *. "Achievements of the Seven Year Plan". Baháʼí News (676): 2-7. July 1987 ... "National Population and Housing Census 2014" (PDF). Uganda Bureau of Statistics. 2016. Retrieved October 11, 2020.. ... "Chapter II, Population Composition, 2002 Census" (PDF). Statistics Bureau. 2002. Retrieved April 23, 2017.. ...
"Settled Population of by Civil Division, Urban, Rural and Sex-2012-13" (PDF). Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Central ... "Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development" (PDF). Mrrd.gov.af. 2012-08-04. Retrieved 2012-08-15.. ... It is divided into eight districts and has a population of approximately 567,600.[1] The capital of the province is Maidan Shar ... According to the Institute for the Study of War, "Roughly 70 percent of the population is Pashtuns, Hazara and Tajiks comprise ...
In this article series, athenahealth and Atlantic Re:think explore three locales that are reshaping the health-care system with a new approach: population health.
Because of both natural population decrease and outmigration, rural counties are shrinking fast. A cool map, created by USDA ... The reasons for the population decline are complicated, but one thing is clear: The new farm bill isnt helping…. ... Rural blog The Daily Yonder says the American countryside is in trouble. ... Rural blog The Daily Yonder says the American countryside is in trouble. Because of both natural population decrease and ...
Most older people do not live in rural areas and most rural residents are not older. But an older, increasingly rural, ... The older population, those aged 65 and older, is distributed across the urban and rural landscapes in ways that help shape ... Housing Income and Poverty International Trade Population Population Estimates Public Sector Race Research Voting and ... An aging population clearly has the potential to shape rural America in new and important ways. ...
... agricultural work and levels of industrialization help explain why countries like Burundi and Nepal have remained largely rural ... Which Country Has the Largest Rural Population?. Trinidad and Tobago has the largest rural population in the world, with 91.45 ... As a percentage, the rural population is the difference between the total population and the urban population expressed as a ... The rural population, on the other hand, refers to the number of people dwelling in these rural regions. ...
Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Rural population is ... South Africa - Rural population. The value for Rural population in South Africa was 19,439,950 as of 2018. As the graph below ... It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population. Aggregation of urban and rural population may ... Definition: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. ...
We examine whether these spatial distributions of rural population in 2000 influence subsequent changes in the rate of poverty ... Reducing poverty will require targeting rural populations in less favored lands and remote areas and encouraging out-migration. ... Our spatial analysis indicates that in 2000 over one third of the rural population in developing countries was located on less ... "Poverty, rural population distribution and climate change," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, ...
... population and migration, rural classifications, rural development policy, and rural poverty and well-being. ... Rural Economy & Population. * Business & Industry. While agriculture, forestry, and mining remain important sectors in some ... The Rural-Urban Continuum Codes and Urban Influence Codes are part of a suite of data products for rural analysis available in ... Population & Migration. Nonmetro areas in some parts of the country have experienced population loss for decades. However, 2010 ...
... rural population, which began in 2010, has reversed for the first time this decade. In 2016-17, the rural population increased ... This small overall increase continues an upturn in rural population since 2011-12, which stems from increasing rates of net ... The overall rural population has remained close to 46.1 million since 2013. ... People moving to rural areas tend to persistently favor more densely settled rural areas with attractive scenic qualities, or ...
Rural population is calculated as the difference between the total population and the urban population. Rural population is ... Rural population - Country Ranking. Definition: Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national ... It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population. Aggregation of urban and rural population may ... Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different ...
... launched a nation-wide program with the assistance of the World Bank to improve access to roads for the rural population. ... of the rural population had access to an all-weather road in 2005. This means that a large portion of the rural population did ... In Morocco, only 54% of the rural population had access to an all-weather road in 2005. ... In 13 years of implementation, rural populations access to an all-weather road went to almost 80%. ...
Project or program completion reports evaluate design, implementation and performance of a project or program, and provide an overall assessment and recommendations. This document dated June 2002 is provided for the ADB project LN1299 in Indonesia.
Rotavirus G and P Genotypes in Rural Ghana Richard H. Asmah, Jon Green, George E. Armah, Chris I. Gallimore, Jim J. Gray, ... Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli Isolated from Surface Water in Urban and Rural Areas of Bangladesh Yasmin A. Begum, Kaisar A. ... Typing of Neisseria gonorrhoeae Reveals Rapid Reinfection in Rural South Africa Prashini Moodley, Iona M. C. Martin, Catherine ... High Disease Burden of Diarrhea Due to Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli among Rural Egyptian Infants and Young Children Malla R ...
Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the ... an economic calendar and news for Rural population in Barbados. ... difference between total population and urban population.This ... Rural population in Barbados was last measured at 194758 in 2015, according to the World Bank. ... Improved water source, rural (% of rural population with access). 99.7 % Improved water source, urban (% of urban population ...
... and Application Process for UMass Medical School and Baystate ... Population-based Urban and Rural Community Health (PURCH) Population-based Urban and Rural Community Health (PURCH). back * ... The Population-based Urban and Rural Community Health (PURCH) Track prepares medical students to practice successfully in the ... MD program curriculum-but is augmented by a focus on population health and healthcare issues specific to urban and rural ...
... population described as rural ranges from 17 to 49 percent.150, 151, 152 Rural communities are far from uniform, but they are ... Rural communities are generally older populations and have higher rates of chronic conditions.155 People in rural counties are ... But the relatively small size of the rural population when combined with its diversity creates a distinctive problem. Rural ... Lack of consensus and consistency on how to define "rural" makes identification of rural populations within federal data ...
... Background Conceptual framework and definitions Classification structure ... and codes Classification variant Status The Population Centre and Rural Area Classification...... ... population centres and rural areas cover all of Canada.. Rural population includes all population living in rural areas of ... The Population Centre and Rural Area 2016 by Province and Territory is a variant of the Population Centre and Rural Area ...
Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. It is calculated as the ... an economic calendar and news for Rural population in Faeroe Islands. ... difference between total population and urban population.This page has the latest values, historical data, forecasts, charts, ... Rural population in Faeroe Islands was last measured at 28907 in 2013, according to the World Bank. ...
As Rural Towns Lose Population, They Can Learn To Shrink Smart Most remote towns are shrinking, whether they like it or not. ... As Rural Towns Lose Population, They Can Learn To Shrink Smart. Listen · 5:12 5:12 ... As Rural Towns Lose Population, They Can Learn To Shrink Smart. Listen · 5:12 5:12 ... As Rural Towns Lose Population, They Can Learn To Shrink Smart 5:12. ...
... but touch just a fraction of the rural population. India has the worlds largest rural population, of 893 million people. ... Heres how to help Indias rural population go digital. A lack of banking facilities in rural areas means cash continues to ... Most of the rural working population is typically the "Earn and Pay" segment, largely excluded from formal employment ... Phygitalisation of the rural ecosystem therefore is potentially the immediate solution to accelerate rural inclusion. ...
COVID-19 is hitting Indias rural poor hard. Heres why investing in women could be the best way to help. ... COVID-19 and the lockdown have decimated incomes and threaten the food security of Indias rural population. ... How Indias rural poor are coping with the coronavirus lockdown. Women walk through a deserted village in India during the ... Nearly one-quarter of Indias population lives below the poverty line and up to a half a billion people are employed in the ...
... preventative approaches to care aid in population health strategies, and a case study in targeting opioid substance use ... Population Health, Opioids Spotlighted at AHA Rural Conference Feb 08, 2018 - 09:54 AM ... CDC: Rural patients more likely to receive opioid prescription. Patients in the most rural counties had an 87 percent greater ... More from the AHA Rural Health Care Leadership Conference: Pollack, Gragnolati Discuss Challenges, Opportunities for Rural ...
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Living in a rural Nevada town, Moe Royels recalls a more bustling time years ago when retirees poured in to enjoy the warm ... Rural America posts first-ever loss in population. FILE - In this Dec. 12, 2004 file photo, Tom Moore rides through downtown ... In a reversal of fortunes due to the recent recession, rural America is now losing population, in towns like Fernley, for the ... Across the U.S., rural counties are losing population for the first time ever because of waning interest among baby boomers in ...
Home / ARTICLES 2008-2015 / Powering the rural population with electricity. Powering the rural population with electricity. The ... What are the challenges of transforming the rural population from the use of traditional energy sources to modern energy ... As an institution that is mandated to provide access to electricity to the bulk of the population and the fact that we have set ... Your target was to achieve 10% electricity access for rural Uganda by 2012 but the programme is still stuck at 8.9%. What is ...
"All countries compared for People > Urban and rural > Male urban population", United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables ... "All countries compared for People > Urban and rural > Male urban population, United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables ... All countries compared for People > Urban and rural > Male urban population, United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables ... "All countries compared for People > Urban and rural > Male urban population", United Nations Statistics Division. Source tables ...
Michigan was the only state to shrink its overall population between 2000 and 2010, and those losses translate into cuts in ... Michigan Population Loss Felt in Rural Schools. By Diette Courrégé Casey on September 6, 2011 5:25 PM ... Make Rural Schools A Priority, Think Tank Urges , Main , Rural Schools, Brain Drain And Community Survival » ... Rural Schools Struggle With SIG Transformation Model, Report Says. *School Administrators More Likely to Leave Rural Districts ...
Rural America posts first-ever loss in population. Interest among baby boomers in moving to far-flung locations for retirement ... Across the U.S., rural counties are losing population for the first time ever because of waning interest among baby boomers in ... About 46.2 million people, or 15 percent of the U.S. population, reside in rural counties, which spread across 72 percent of ... Long weighed down by dwindling populations in farming and coal communities and the movement of young people to cities, rural ...
6.22 crore doses were in rural parts, which is 63 per cent of the total doses. The daily average in rural areas has thus ... The last three weeks have seen a sharp jump in rural vaccinations: of the total 9.87 crore doses administered in the last three ... doses given to rural population. Shift in vaccine drive: over 60% doses given to rural population. The last three weeks have ... Why rural India needs more shots. Bihar administered 48.69 lakh doses in the last two weeks, 72 per cent in rural parts.This is ...
The population-based burden of influenza-associated hospitalization in rural western Kenya, 2007-2009. Daniel R Feikin a, ... The districts population is culturally homogenous and almost entirely rural and poor, as it consists mainly of individuals of ... Health-seeking patterns among participants of population-based morbidity surveillance in rural western Kenya: implications for ... Health-seeking patterns among participants of population-based morbidity surveillance in rural western Kenya: implications for ...
The population of rural folk has decreased from 29.1 per cent in 2010 to 26.3 per cent in 2014, said Rural and Regional Develop ... Minister Datuk Seri Ismail Sabri Yaakob.This shows that the migration rate from the rural areas... - Read more at AsiaOne ... KUALA LUMPUR - The population of rural folk has decreased from 29.1 per cent in 2010 to 26.3 per cent in 2014, said Rural and ... "This is a worrying trend for the Government as we plan to develop the rural areas under the Rural Transformation Plan, which ...
  • Considering that the oldest of the baby boomers, those born between mid-1946 and 1964, began turning 65 years old in 2011, the demographic changes ahead for rural America have only begun. (census.gov)
  • An aging population clearly has the potential to shape rural America in new and important ways. (census.gov)
  • Firstly, rural-urban migration in developed countries was catalyzed mostly by industrialization, a good deal of which took place more than a century ago across much of Western Europe and North America. (worldatlas.com)
  • MORE PEOPLE than ever are living in the small towns, distant suburbs and farms that make up rural America, the government reported Wednesday. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • While agriculture, forestry, and mining remain important sectors in some rural areas, service and retail industries have accounted for most job growth in rural America over the past few decades. (usda.gov)
  • ERS research in this area focuses on labor market conditions and educational attainment in rural (nonmetropolitan) America. (usda.gov)
  • However, 2010-16 marks the first period with an estimated population loss for nonmetro America as a whole. (usda.gov)
  • ERS maintains key county classifications that measure rurality and assess the economic and social diversity of rural America beyond the metro/nonmetro dichotomy. (usda.gov)
  • In a reversal of fortunes due to the recent recession, rural America is now losing population, in towns like Fernley, for the first time, because of waning interest among millions of baby boomers in moving to far-flung locations for retirement and recreation. (dailytribune.com)
  • Long weighed down by dwindling populations in farming and coal communities and the movement of young people to cities, rural America is now being hit by sputtering growth in retirement and recreation areas, once residential hot spots for baby boomers. (dailytribune.com)
  • WASHINGTON (AP) - Rural America now accounts for just 16 percent of the nation's population, the lowest ever. (fosters.com)
  • The latest 2010 census numbers hint at an emerging America where, by midcentury, city boundaries become indistinct and rural areas grow ever less relevant. (fosters.com)
  • In 1910, the population share of rural America was 72 percent. (fosters.com)
  • While rural America shrinks, larger U.S. metropolitan areas have enjoyed double-digit percentage gains in population over the past several decades. (fosters.com)
  • Any Blue Areas of Rural America? (city-data.com)
  • Also included are a diverse set of case studies designed to illustrate effective strategies for eliminating disparities and preventing public health problems in rural America. (ecampus.com)
  • March 2004) This report explores the well-being of the 14 million children who live in rural America. (prb.org)
  • Poor children living in rural America face significant educational, social, and economic challenges just as their urban counterparts do, but many of these problems are exacerbated by the isolation and limited access to support services common in rural areas. (prb.org)
  • Historically rural America was linked to family farming, but today less than 5 percent of the rural labor force works on farms, whether family- or corporate-owned, and consolidation continues to diminish this percentage. (prb.org)
  • We hope that this PRB Reports on America will revise many outdated yet still popular images of rural family life. (prb.org)
  • April 2017) Trends shaping rural life in America include unprecedented population declines, a growing Hispanic population, a disproportionate share of military veterans, and a sharp increase in "deaths of despair"-related to suicide, alcohol abuse, and drug overdose-among rural residents with low education levels. (prb.org)
  • At "Small Towns/Big Changes: The Shifting Demographics of Rural America," a briefing for members of Congress and their staff sponsored by the Population Association of America, scholars explored the implications of current demographic trends and recent socioeconomic change for the nation's rural areas. (prb.org)
  • She described how jobs in construction, manufacturing, agriculture, and meat packing have brought immigrants to new places in rural America in recent decades. (prb.org)
  • Population and Community in Rural America focuses on migration as the primary force for population change in rural America. (powells.com)
  • She presents a thorough investigation of the nature of migration and its effect on other population processes and characteristics, and explains why particular patterns of migration and population change have occurred at certain points in the historical development of rural America. (powells.com)
  • A final chapter summarizes major changes in rural America, explains how migration continues to shape current rural populations, and identifies critical issues for future migration research. (powells.com)
  • A leading force engaging people and ideas in building a better future for rural America. (cfra.org)
  • We're no different from many small and midsized towns across rural America. (cfra.org)
  • Many are from small towns, farms, and ranches in rural Mexico and Central America. (cfra.org)
  • Recognizing the benefits immigrants bring to rural and small-town America, in 2013 our Board of Directors approved a resolution that affirmed support for comprehensive federal legislation to address immigration and to provide "an opportunity for undocumented immigrants who fulfill the requirements for obtaining citizenship to remain in the U.S. as citizens. (cfra.org)
  • Parts of rural America suffer from stagnant or shrinking population numbers due to an aging population. (cfra.org)
  • Kenneth Johnson, a demographer who studies rural America, has found that 1-in-3 U.S. counties are "dying. (cfra.org)
  • In 1978, 34 percent of Michigan's jail population was in urban counties and 15 percent was in rural counties - in 2013, the data showed rural jails held 24 percent of Michigan's jail population, while 19 percent of the jail population was in urban counties. (mlive.com)
  • Preliminary data presented to the task force shows Michigan jail populations have nearly tripled in the last 35 years, even as Michigan crime rates have dipped dramatically, and that costs for handling the system are high - in 2017, Michigan counties spent $478 million on corrections and jail costs, not including any costs related to building or renovating jail facilities. (mlive.com)
  • Because of both natural population decrease and outmigration, rural counties are shrinking fast. (motherjones.com)
  • The number of people living in nonmetro counties increased by 33,000 between July 2016 and July 2017, ending 6 years of modest population losses. (usda.gov)
  • 155 People in rural counties are more likely than their urban counterparts to face food insecurity (i.e., reports of problems regarding quality, variety, or desirability of diet or eating patterns) 156 which is associated with risks of diabetes and obesity. (hhs.gov)
  • 165 Rural counties with known sources of water pollution and air pollution have higher rates of cancer mortality, and rural coal-mining areas have higher overall mortality rates. (hhs.gov)
  • While farming once characterized most rural counties, by 2000 the portion of rural counties dependent on farming had declined to 20 percent. (hhs.gov)
  • Gaps in health insurance coverage are also an issue, particularly in rural counties that are not adjacent to an urban county, where nearly a quarter of residents were uninsured in 1998 and where employment in small businesses that do not offer health benefits is particularly common. (hhs.gov)
  • According to a recent report, two-thirds of Wisconsin's rural counties have lost population since 2010. (wpr.org)
  • Across the U.S., rural counties are losing population for the first time ever because of waning interest among baby boomers in moving to far-flung locations for retirement and recreation, according to new census estimates released Thursday. (dailytribune.com)
  • About 46.2 million people, or 15 percent of the U.S. population, reside in rural counties, which spread across 72 percent of the nation s land area. (dailytribune.com)
  • U.S. migration data show that older Americans are most inclined to live in rural counties until about age 74, before moving closer to more populated locations. (dailytribune.com)
  • The Wisconsin Counties Association's recent study on rural population trends found that two-thirds of the state's 46 rural counties lost population between 2010 and 2018, in line with national trends. (wisbusiness.com)
  • Thirty-four of Wisconsin's rural counties are in the middle, which "gives you a better chance to move yourself into growth if you adopt the right policies," he said. (wisbusiness.com)
  • When populations decline in counties across the state, roads still need maintenance. (wisbusiness.com)
  • The next step in the study is to see what rural counties are doing right to grow their populations and using that information as a roadmap for rural counties in Wisconsin, Knapp said. (wisbusiness.com)
  • Several of the state's counties over the past decade have lost large chunks of their population following the collapse of logging and coal-mining industries during the 1960s. (fosters.com)
  • The report from the research firm Forward Analytics looked at population and economic data from the roughly 2,000 counties across the nation not considered part of a metropolitan area. (wpr.org)
  • Wisconsin counties where population declined lost an average of 2.2 percent of their residents in the eight-year period. (wpr.org)
  • The state's rural counties actually grew in the 1990s, and in fact outpaced Wisconsin's cities, according to the report. (wpr.org)
  • One will dig into the causes of population declines, and one will look at rural counties around the nation that have successfully bucked these trends. (wpr.org)
  • Since 2010, the population of the city of Richmond has increased more than 11 percent - more than the suburban counties of Chesterfield (less than 9 percent), Henrico (almost 7 percent) and Hanover (6 percent). (nbcwashington.com)
  • Of Virginia's 133 counties and cities, 78 gained population over the past year - and 71 have more residents now than in 2010. (nbcwashington.com)
  • The population has fallen about 9 percent in Bath and Tazewell counties and almost 11 percent in Buchanan County and the city of Emporia. (nbcwashington.com)
  • Counties were assigned to low, medium and high poverty groups using US Census Bureau county-level percent of children ≤18 years living in poverty, and were classified based on NCHS urban-rural classification. (springer.com)
  • However, only rural non-core counties remained statistically associated with increased risk of term infant mortality after adjusting for individual level maternal characteristics. (springer.com)
  • High poverty and very rural counties remained associated with term infant mortality independent of individual maternal sociodemographic, health and obstetric factors. (springer.com)
  • Over the past five years, the population of the Halifax Regional Municipality increased 4.7 per cent, but Nova Scotia's overall population increased a mere 0.9 per cent, with many counties experiencing significant declines. (dal.ca)
  • The lifting of mobility constraints applies to another aspect of population dispersal that was put on hold during the early part of this decade: the shift toward smaller metropolitan areas and counties outside metropolitan areas. (brookings.edu)
  • As shown in Figure 2, non-metropolitan counties, in the aggregate, register positive population growth in 2016-2017 for the first time since 2010, and small metropolitan areas-those below half a million population-increased their rate of growth for the third straight year. (brookings.edu)
  • Larger farm program payments as a share of total cash marketing receipts were associated with greater population losses from rural counties. (repec.org)
  • Plus, as the USDA also observes, more than 500 rural counties nationwide have been absorbed by expanding urban areas since 1974. (immigrationimpact.com)
  • We examined the variation across the urban-to-rural gradient, given differences in population density, travel behaviors, the prevalence of COVID-19, and time since the first case was diagnosed in rural versus urban counties (9). (cdc.gov)
  • Many nonmetro areas have experienced population loss for decades, but these counties as a whole gained population every year, until recently. (dailyyonder.com)
  • Between April 2010 and July 2012, nonmetro counties declined in total population by -0.09-percent. (dailyyonder.com)
  • Between April 2010 and July 2012, nonmetro counties declined in total population by 44,000 people, a 0.09 percent drop according to the most recent release of annual county population estimates from the U.S. Census Bureau. (dailyyonder.com)
  • For example, most metro counties in Florida maintained above average population growth through the recent housing crisis and recession, but nonmetro areas went from 3 percent growth during 2004 06 to a 0.44 percent decline in the past 2 years. (dailyyonder.com)
  • Over the last two years, suburban and exurban population growth has contracted considerably for the first time since World War II affecting not only outlying metro counties but nonmetro counties adjacent to metro areas as well. (dailyyonder.com)
  • These types of counties declined in population for the first time as a group during 2010 12. (dailyyonder.com)
  • Long term population growth from steadily booming recreation, tourism, and retirement economies has also been interrupted in nonmetro counties. (dailyyonder.com)
  • Population growth in nonmetro counties with recreation based employment has dropped to only 0.5 percent since 2010. (dailyyonder.com)
  • While this may be a large drop in population growth, recreation counties are still growing faster than most other nonmetro counties. (dailyyonder.com)
  • For example, manufacturing dependent counties switched from population growth in 2004 06 to population decline in 2010 12. (dailyyonder.com)
  • A report conducted by the Forward Analytics branch of the Wisconsin Counties Association found two-thirds of the state's rural counties saw a decline in population between 2010 and 2018, according to the Wisconsin State Journal . (badgerherald.com)
  • Rural counties haven't been able to come back to even what their employment levels were during 2007. (badgerherald.com)
  • Egan-Robertson pointed to a shift in the demography of rural counties in Wisconsin, noting the death rate has not only exceeded the birth rate in non-urban areas, but the number of children age 0-17 in these areas declined by 14% between 2000 and 2018. (badgerherald.com)
  • The age gap between rural and urban counties is likely tied to the unequal distribution of employment opportunities between the two regions of the state, according to UW professor Steven Deller. (badgerherald.com)
  • As economic activity dwindles, forcing more residents to migrate from rural to urban counties, and consequently aging their populations, the everyday lives and functional capabilities of rural areas are significantly altered, often for the worse. (badgerherald.com)
  • In Wisconsin, the number of unemployed individuals in rural counties grew by almost 5,000 between 2012 and 2017, according to the USDA study. (badgerherald.com)
  • The population of rural counties over the same time period fell by over 4,300. (badgerherald.com)
  • We also found that between 2000 and 2010, rural counties of the region lost a total of over 104,000 residents, but gained over 48,000 Hispanic residents. (cfra.org)
  • Meanwhile, counties marked in dark green have experienced foreign-born population growth that has overcome native-born losses to create net growth in overall county population. (cfra.org)
  • Much of this change has taken place in rural counties across the nation's midsection, stretching from Texas to the Dakotas. (cfra.org)
  • In a new paper published by the Texas Public Policy Foundation , my colleague Marc Levin and I show that while jail populations in counties of all sizes have grown substantially - by one estimate, America's jail population was five times higher in 2013 than it was in 1970 - such expansive growth in urban, suburban, and medium-to-small-sized counties plateaued and began falling in 2005. (texaspolicy.com)
  • Rural counties in Kentucky experienced a 38 percent increase in heroin arrests between 2013 and 2016 alone (compared with 20 percent in urban counties), while heroin offenses in Ohio increased by a whopping 125 percent between 2011 and 2014. (texaspolicy.com)
  • The reasons for the population decline are complicated, but one thing is clear: The new farm bill isn't helping . (motherjones.com)
  • ERS has developed a program of research showing how landscape and climate have been shaping the geography of rural growth and decline. (usda.gov)
  • However, opportunities for population growth and economic expansion vary widely from one nonmetro county to the next, and new regional patterns of growth and decline have emerged in recent years. (usda.gov)
  • The decline in U.S. rural population, which began in 2010, has reversed for the first time this decade. (usda.gov)
  • Analysts say the rural decline spreads far and wide, and could be long-term. (dailytribune.com)
  • According to Knapp, Wisconsin's source of rural population decline differs from the rest of the nation. (wisbusiness.com)
  • Nationally, 92 percent of population decline was due to outmigration and 8 percent due to natural decline," said Knapp. (wisbusiness.com)
  • Are hollowing out rural areas causing urban areas to decline? (city-data.com)
  • A recent discussion in the daily news forum got me thinking about the issue of rural population decline in developed countries. (eurotrib.com)
  • The tiny hamlet of Ogama, in Ishikawa prefecture near the Sea of Japan, is responding most radically to population decline. (eurotrib.com)
  • However, between 2001 and 2011, rural India's CSR fell by 15 points as opposed to urban India's four-point decline, and the gap between the two has narrowed. (unfpa.org)
  • As you see population decline, you see declines in the number of jobs and declines in the number of businesses," said Forward Analytics director Dale Knapp. (wpr.org)
  • Like the nation's capital, Virginia's state capital has shown robust growth after decades of population decline. (nbcwashington.com)
  • August Wallmeyer, author of "The Extremes of Virginia," which focuses on the economic development of the state's rural areas, said there are many reasons for the population decrease, such as a lack of economic opportunity and a decline in "low tech" industries such as coal mining, tobacco farming and textile manufacturing. (nbcwashington.com)
  • Australia's major cities continue to grow while rural areas face population decline. (canberratimes.com.au)
  • Many rural areas are experiencing population decline. (canberratimes.com.au)
  • Rural Population Decline in the 1980s: Impacts of Farm Structure and Federal Farm Programs ," American Journal of Agricultural Economics , Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 78(3), pages 517-529. (repec.org)
  • Of these 1,894 locales, more than three-quarters (78 percent) would have experienced an even greater population decline if not for immigration. (immigrationimpact.com)
  • itor's Note: We've reported on the recent decline in nonmetro population and published a county by county map showing exactly where these changes occurred. (dailyyonder.com)
  • Spurred by an energy boom, large sections of the Northern Great Plains turned around decades of population decline. (dailyyonder.com)
  • At the same time, nonmetro population growth switched to decline in 21 Eastern States between 2004 06 and 2010 12. (dailyyonder.com)
  • The report comes amid a period of notable economic decline in rural Wisconsin. (badgerherald.com)
  • A decline in population and a slow economic recovery is not unique to Wisconsin. (badgerherald.com)
  • The decline in rural population, coupled with its causes and ramifications drew attention from Gov. Tony Evers, who discussed the drop in rural economic activity during the State of the State Address, pledging a three-pronged approach to combat the ongoing economic difficulties challenging non-metropolitan areas. (badgerherald.com)
  • The figure below from the Pew Charitable Trusts illustrates how immigration has slowed or even overcome population decline on the county level across the central United States since 1990. (cfra.org)
  • But the changes are now coinciding with sharp declines in U.S. birth rates and an aging population, resulting in a first-ever annual loss. (dailytribune.com)
  • When a population declines, businesses have less demand for goods or services, the workforce shrinks, so businesses might move elsewhere, said Knapp. (wisbusiness.com)
  • Barring fresh investment that could bring jobs, however, large swaths of the Great Plains and Appalachia, along with parts of Arkansas, Mississippi and north Texas, could face significant population declines. (fosters.com)
  • The "worst of times" story: population declines in rural areas, posing significant political, economic and social challenges for Canada's future. (dal.ca)
  • Some of the latter was due to declines in their economies, which were tied to cyclical industries, such as manufacturing and farming, with rural areas recovering especially slowly from the recession in terms of wages and employment . (brookings.edu)
  • Places that are experiencing declines in population size eventually find that they are no longer able to sustain the same level of essential services that they could when the population was larger. (immigrationimpact.com)
  • Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. (indexmundi.com)
  • Improved access to credit and new income streams are driving consumption in rural India. (weforum.org)
  • Unlike many ageing nations, India will continue to remain a young nation, with a median age of 31 by 2030, and a large part of this young population will be in rural areas. (weforum.org)
  • Additionally, those living in rural India are no longer as isolated from their urban counterparts as before, thanks to improved internet access. (weforum.org)
  • India has the world's largest rural population, of 893 million people. (weforum.org)
  • nWhile India's urban healthcare industry has boomed recently with a host of private hospitals offering state-of-the-art services for the cash-rich middle class, rural India remains untouched by the change. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Between May 1 (when the entire adult population was made eligible for vaccination) and June 23, only 51 per cent of the total doses were administered in rural India, the Centre had said in an affidavit to the Supreme Court on June 26. (indianexpress.com)
  • The total number of active Internet users in rural India will increase by 98 percent from 12.1 million (December 2010) to 24 million by December 2011, says a research conducted jointly by Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) and IMRB. (siliconindia.com)
  • now 82 percent of the rural India has access to internet from locations inside a 10 kilometer radius. (siliconindia.com)
  • With majority of India still living in the rural areas, this exponential growth in the rural internet using population presents a huge opportunity for internet service providers. (siliconindia.com)
  • Today, we're going to look at another side of life in India - that of rural and tribal populations. (wbez.org)
  • To determine the prevalence and determinants of blood haemoglobin level and mild, moderate, and severe anemia in a sample of adults from rural Tamil Nadu, India. (hindawi.com)
  • Thus, the etiology of anemia in India is multifactorial and population-specific. (hindawi.com)
  • Retrospective analysis of 50 eyes with LIG over a 6-year period between 2005 and 2011 at a tertiary care centre in rural India. (hindawi.com)
  • In the rural areas of India, women generally use a piece of old cloth as a menstrual device. (nih.gov)
  • A predominantly rural economy like India should use its population in low density non-urban areas to prevent the spread of coronavirus and build a more manageable food security system to counter the pandemic triggered slowdown, says eminent American economist Richard Davis Wolff. (indiatimes.com)
  • In predominantly rural economies like India, lower (non-urban) population densities should be made to work against the viral (coronavirus) spread and likewise a stress on building up food security should be more manageable," Wolff, professor emeritus at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst faculty, told PTI in an email interview. (indiatimes.com)
  • In many countries, including India, mass poverty for a long time has undermined the health, housing, education, and related conditions of huge populations. (indiatimes.com)
  • End-of-Life Practices in Rural South India: SocioCultural Determinants. (nih.gov)
  • According to 2012 to 2016 American Community Survey (ACS) data, there were 46.2 million older people in the United States, with 10.6 million living in areas designated as rural by the U.S. Census Bureau. (census.gov)
  • Most older people do not live in rural areas and most rural residents are not older. (census.gov)
  • Global population trends have been changing over time, with the urban population growing at a higher rate than that of the rural areas. (worldatlas.com)
  • Indeed, current estimations show that 54% of the world's population live in urban areas, up from only 30% in 1950. (worldatlas.com)
  • Statistical trends show that majority of the countries boasting of the highest number of people residing in the rural areas are found in Africa and Asia. (worldatlas.com)
  • Another category of countries found to have a high incidence of their peoples residing in rural areas are in the Oceania region of the South Pacific to the southeast of Asia. (worldatlas.com)
  • Here, we find Samoa and the Solomon Islands with 80.74% and 78.12% of the population inhabiting rural areas, respectively. (worldatlas.com)
  • One seemingly odd entrant in our list of the top twenty countries with the highest number of people living in the rural areas is the European country of Liechtenstein , the only nation listed from that continent. (worldatlas.com)
  • Across thousands of miles and the Atlantic, with 91.45% of its population dwelling in rural areas, Trinidad and Tobago is also a surprise, considering the country is the wealthiest in the Caribbean region, and ranked world's 40th highest income country. (worldatlas.com)
  • Trinidad and Tobago has the largest rural population in the world, with 91.45% of its population living in rural areas. (worldatlas.com)
  • From our analysis of these statistical trends, we have seen that the majority of the populations of the countries with developing economies are occupants of rural areas. (worldatlas.com)
  • Another important factor contributing to relatively high proportions of rurality in developing countries stems from their typically high rate of population growth, wherein with rural areas birth rates are generally much higher than those seen in urban areas, enhancing disparities in rural-urban population differences. (worldatlas.com)
  • Accordingly, the large portions of the populations in developing countries may choose to live in rural areas for occupational reasons. (worldatlas.com)
  • Rural population refers to people living in rural areas as defined by national statistical offices. (indexmundi.com)
  • There is no universal standard for distinguishing rural from urban areas, and any urban-rural dichotomy is an oversimplification. (indexmundi.com)
  • Thus, low population density and remoteness together define a set of rural areas that face special development challenges. (indexmundi.com)
  • Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. (indexmundi.com)
  • In the United States, for example, the US Census Bureau's urban-rural classification is fundamentally a delineation of geographical areas, identifying both individual urban areas and the rural areas of the nation. (indexmundi.com)
  • There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. (indexmundi.com)
  • About 64.8 million people, or 25 percent of the U.S. population, lived in rural areas in 1988, an increase of more than 900,000 from 1987. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • Our spatial analysis indicates that in 2000 over one third of the rural population in developing countries was located on less favored agricultural land and areas, which are constrained by biophysical conditions or poor market access. (repec.org)
  • Reducing poverty will require targeting rural populations in less favored lands and remote areas and encouraging out-migration. (repec.org)
  • While rural areas are closing the gap with urban areas in high school completion, there is a large and growing gap in college and postgraduate educational attainment, even among young adults. (usda.gov)
  • Nonmetro areas in some parts of the country have experienced population loss for decades. (usda.gov)
  • This small overall increase continues an upturn in rural population since 2011-12, which stems from increasing rates of net migration from urban (metro) areas. (usda.gov)
  • Since 2011, fewer people have been moving out of rural areas and more people have been moving in. (usda.gov)
  • In 2005, the quality of the rural road network was hindered by inadequate reliability, as many of the roads were cut for several days and sometimes weeks, because of severe weather conditions especially in mountainous areas. (worldbank.org)
  • The program was three-fold: expanding the density of the all-weather rural roads network throughout the Kindgom, curbing the accessibility gap between provinces and ensuring the development of an enabling environment for better transport services in rural areas. (worldbank.org)
  • A recent survey of the beneficiaries shows that, thanks to this program, the rate of primary school enrollment in rural areas has substantially increased: an increase of 7.4% in rural girls schooling is particularly encouraging. (worldbank.org)
  • Depending on the definition used-particularly degree of proximity to urban areas-the proportion of the U.S. population described as rural ranges from 17 to 49 percent. (hhs.gov)
  • 150, 151, 152 Rural communities are far from uniform, but they are generally less densely populated and more geographically isolated than urban areas. (hhs.gov)
  • 153 Compared to the rest of the population, people in rural areas are more likely to live in poverty as a result of low wage jobs and less likely to be highly educated. (hhs.gov)
  • 154 Many rural areas face declining numbers due to the out-migration of younger residents. (hhs.gov)
  • A culture of independence and self-reliance in many rural areas presents challenges to the implementation of public health programs, 160 as well as to treatment for mental illness and substance abuse. (hhs.gov)
  • 161 While the prevalence of mental illness does not seem to differ between rural and urban areas (although documentation is poorer in rural areas), suicide rates are higher in rural communities. (hhs.gov)
  • Statistics Canada defined urban areas using the same methodology based on population size and density from the 1971 Census through to the 2006 Census. (gc.ca)
  • Together, urban areas and rural area covered the entire nation. (gc.ca)
  • From the 1971 Census through the 2006 Census, all communities that met the minimum population concentration and density requirements of the definition were labelled as urban areas. (gc.ca)
  • Such areas are groupings of municipalities and typically included a combination of both urban areas and rural area. (gc.ca)
  • All areas outside population centres continued to be defined as rural area. (gc.ca)
  • A lack of banking facilities in rural areas means cash continues to dominate. (weforum.org)
  • Digital technologies, such as AI and blockchain, are being used to offer products in rural areas. (weforum.org)
  • Growth in consumption across emerging economies is projected to come largely from rural areas. (weforum.org)
  • Moreover, given the lack of adequate banking facilities in rural areas, cash continues to be the preferred mode of transaction. (weforum.org)
  • New digital technologies like big data analytics, machine learning, blockchain, cloud computing and artificial intelligence (AI), are increasingly deployed to offer products beyond cities and in rural areas. (weforum.org)
  • nIndia has 5.1 million people suffering from AIDS, the second highest in the world after South Africa, with an increasing number of victims now in rural areas. (taipeitimes.com)
  • This period may simply be an interruption in suburbanization, or it could turn out to be the end of a major demographic regime that has transformed small towns and rural areas, said John Cromartie, a geographer at the Agriculture Department who analyzed the data. (dailytribune.com)
  • Rural areas, which include manufacturing and farming as well as scenic retirement spots, have seen substantial movement of residents to urban areas before. (dailytribune.com)
  • The daily average in rural areas has thus increased to 29.66 lakhs now. (indianexpress.com)
  • The state-level granular data of the last two weeks in these states shows a significant push in rural areas. (indianexpress.com)
  • An analysis of the data over the last two weeks shows that six out of these 11 states are reporting higher than national coverage of 63 per cent in rural areas. (indianexpress.com)
  • 68 per cent in rural areas. (indianexpress.com)
  • Gujarat administered 47.70 lakh doses in the last two weeks, of which 62 per cent is in rural areas. (indianexpress.com)
  • Karnataka administered 38.10 lakh doses in the last two weeks, of which 56 per cent was in rural areas. (indianexpress.com)
  • This shows that the migration rate from the rural areas to the cities has risen over the years, especially among the youths. (asiaone.com)
  • This is a worrying trend for the Government as we plan to develop the rural areas under the Rural Transformation Plan, which aims to increase the household income to at least RM4,000 (S$1,292)per month by 2020," he said. (asiaone.com)
  • The involvement and commitment of the youth in developing the country, especially in rural areas, is important for generating new ideas, creativity and innovation in the face of globalisation," he added. (asiaone.com)
  • The programme will see 2,664 university students from Universiti Kuala Lumpur and Universiti Malaya coming up with business plans to increase the economic growth of 400 selected rural areas by tapping into natural resources and human capital. (asiaone.com)
  • Students in rural areas can have limited access to coursework, healthcare, and employment opportunities, and face higher levels of poverty compared to children living in suburban or urban areas. (aypf.org)
  • Additionally, rural school districts face challenges like limited funding as well as having to serve students across large geographic areas. (aypf.org)
  • In 2014, 39% of children who live in rural areas not currently enrolled in an afterschool program would be enrolled in a program if one were available. (aypf.org)
  • Some of the most isolated rural areas face a major uphill battle, with a broad area of the country emptying out," said Mark Mather, associate vice president of the Population Reference Bureau, a research group in Washington, D.C. "Many rural areas can't attract workers because there aren't any jobs, and businesses won't relocate there because there aren't enough qualified workers. (fosters.com)
  • Delta Air Lines recently announced it would end flight service to 24 small airports, several of them in the Great Plains, and the U.S. Postal Service is mulling plans to close thousands of branches in mostly rural areas of the country. (fosters.com)
  • Many rural areas, the Great Plains in particular, have been steadily losing population since the 1930s with few signs of the trend slowing in coming decades, according to census figures. (fosters.com)
  • The share of people in rural areas over the past decade fell to 16 percent, passing the previous low of 20 percent in 2000. (fosters.com)
  • Among the struggling rural areas are vast stretches of West Virginia in Appalachia. (fosters.com)
  • Rural" is generally defined as nonmetro areas with fewer than 50,000 people. (fosters.com)
  • Areas that are rural and socially liberal? (city-data.com)
  • Rural areas with lots of hippies? (city-data.com)
  • ROME - Pope Francis is urging global decision-makers in both the public and private sectors to help address poverty and hunger in rural areas by engaging the local population as "responsible architects" of progress. (foxnews.com)
  • Francis was addressing an annual session Thursday of the International Fund for Agricultural Development, a U.N. agency based in Rome dedicated to eradicating poverty and hunger in rural areas of the developing world. (foxnews.com)
  • NEW DELHI: Fears on the rampant use of pre-natal sex determination technology in rural areas have been confirmed with census data indicating that child sex ratio (CSR) fell far more sharply in villages than in urban areas in the last decade. (unfpa.org)
  • According to provision data on population, though the urban CSR is far worse than that in rural areas, the fall in CSR in rural areas is around four times than that in urban areas. (unfpa.org)
  • Nagaland has the best urban CSR, while in rural areas, the Andaman and Nicobar has the best, indicating yet again that tribal communities have a more egalitarian attitude to girls than other communities. (unfpa.org)
  • The data also highlights that growth rate of population in empowered action group states, including Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Rajashan and Madhya Pradesh, is nearly three times more than rural areas in non-EAG states like Punjab, Kerala, Tamil Nadu. (unfpa.org)
  • The growth rate in EAG states in rural areas is 18.7% as compared to 5.7% in non-EAG states. (unfpa.org)
  • The main reason is the growing awareness level about internet in the rural areas. (siliconindia.com)
  • Finally entertainment is driving the adoption of internet in rural areas with entertainment, communication and instant messaging being the main purposes for access. (siliconindia.com)
  • This book provides an overview of rural health in a social disparities framework, providing a strong theoretical and evidence-based rationale for rectifying rural health disparities in the U.S. The book includes a comprehensive examination of critical issues in rural health, and rural health care services, as well as a road map for reducing disparities, building capacity and collaboration, and applying prevention research in rural areas. (ecampus.com)
  • First, fertility rates in rural areas have declined, and rural women now have about the same number of children as urban women. (prb.org)
  • Rural areas also have a higher proportion of people ages 65 and older (15 percent), compared with urban areas (12 percent). (prb.org)
  • Family size in rural areas has decreased because a growing share of rural households are headed by older Americans, who are less likely to have children in the household. (prb.org)
  • However, rural areas characterized by chronic out-migration are unlikely to attract highly educated professionals to provide those services because these areas lack urban amenities, potential marriage partners, good schools, and high-quality health care. (prb.org)
  • Jennifer Van Hook emphasized that nine out of 10 rural areas are more diverse now than they were 20 years ago. (prb.org)
  • Meredith A. Kleykamp reported that U.S. military veterans are disproportionately represented among rural residents: Roughly 18 percent of the total U.S. population lives in rural areas compared with 24 percent of all veterans. (prb.org)
  • Additionally, 36 percent of veterans who use the Veteran's Administration (VA) for health care live in rural areas, and distances to VA facilities pose challenges. (prb.org)
  • Lack of broadband internet in many rural areas limits the promise of telemedicine as a solution. (prb.org)
  • However, information is lacking on what leads rural-origin veterans to return to rural areas or settle elsewhere after they complete their military service. (prb.org)
  • Dr Greaves explained: "The rural diet was often better for the poor in more isolated areas because of payment in kind, notably in grain, potatoes, meat, milk or small patches of land to grow vegetables or to keep animals. (eurekalert.org)
  • It may be mentioned that a vast majority (77.6%) of the national population lives in rural areas ( 17 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Only two studies were conducted in rural areas, but these studies contained small samples ( 9 , 11 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Rural areas across the country have seen declining populations for decades, but until relatively recently Wisconsin bucked that trend. (wpr.org)
  • He contrasted that with areas such as mining-dependent West Virginia, where shifts in a single economic sector can wipe out rural employment. (wpr.org)
  • Against this background, American cities have exerted a magnetic pull attracting streams of migration from rural to urban areas transforming a predominantly rural society into one in which 75 percent of the people live in urban areas. (powells.com)
  • Meanwhile, some rural areas are struggling to attract workers to fill well-paying positions and infrastructure is underutilised. (canberratimes.com.au)
  • Yet, people still leave regional and rural areas. (canberratimes.com.au)
  • The reasons why people leave regional and rural areas are not complex: lack of appropriate medical care, aged care, education and training. (canberratimes.com.au)
  • While it takes some searching, there are some measures in Budget 2019 that might stimulate population re-distribution to regional cities and some rural areas. (canberratimes.com.au)
  • The Budget papers revealed the Government's commitment to continue several existing initiatives to distribute resourcing to regional and rural areas. (canberratimes.com.au)
  • This is good news for regional and rural areas. (canberratimes.com.au)
  • If a more even population distribution is a priority, then future budgets will need to do more to provide appropriate medical care, aged care, education and training in rural and regional areas. (canberratimes.com.au)
  • According to global spatial data sets in 2000 more than one-third of the rural population in developing countries was located on less favored agricultural land and areas. (ssrn.com)
  • Less favored agricultural areas include less favored agricultural lands plus favorable agricultural land that is remote, that is, land in rural areas with high agricultural potential but with limited access. (ssrn.com)
  • Reducing poverty requires targeting rural populations in less favored lands and remote areas, in addition to encouraging out-migration in some areas. (ssrn.com)
  • His work will focus on the population growth in the large metropolitan areas such as Calgary and Miami, in the process examining growth trends of the 50 largest metropolitan areas in the United States and six in Canada (those with a population in excess of one million). (dal.ca)
  • The research was inspired by Dr. Siddiq's concern for the declining population in certain parts of the Maritimes - most notably, areas in Nova Scotia outside of Halifax. (dal.ca)
  • But whether we will continue to be able to sustain viable communities, viable populations, in far-flung areas, is something that causes me great concern. (dal.ca)
  • The Census Bureau's annual county and metropolitan area estimates through 2017 reveal a revival of suburbanization and movement to rural areas along with Snow Belt-to-Sun Belt population shifts. (brookings.edu)
  • If these shifts continue, they could call into question the sharp clustering of the nation's population-in large metropolitan areas and their cities-that characterized the first half of the 2010s. (brookings.edu)
  • During much of this time, small metropolitan areas experienced reduced growth, and non-metropolitan areas registered unprecedented population losses . (brookings.edu)
  • This result holds after controlling for other economic variables affecting population migration from rural areas. (repec.org)
  • Ulaanbataar - The first nationwide study of migration in Mongolia reveals that most of the country's internal migrants over the past 30 years have moved from rural areas to the capital, Ulaanbaatar, causing intensive urbanization and de-population of the countryside. (iom.int)
  • New migrants form almost one third of the population living in these areas and an estimated 40 percent of them are believed to need support. (iom.int)
  • There are very few known initiatives that work with men and boys in rural areas despite this being a priority area for intervention with unique challenges. (endvawnow.org)
  • The NGO Ghamkhori originated with a demand by rural women for help in accessing family planning services, but later expanded to provide health services and non-formal education sessions to support the population to improve their lives in a variety of areas - ranging from political education and public transportation to health-related issues. (endvawnow.org)
  • The ReproSalud project aimed at promoting reproductive and sexual health inPeru 's rural areas and urban slums, and working in 91 districts and eight regions, with teams that spoke the indigenous languages Quechua and Aymara. (endvawnow.org)
  • In fact, as a report from the Center for American Progress (CAP) explains, there are many rural areas in which schools, hospitals, and businesses would have shut their doors if not for an influx of immigrants . (immigrationimpact.com)
  • As the CAP report highlights, the contributions of immigrants to rural areas as a whole go far beyond simply increasing population size. (immigrationimpact.com)
  • There is no shortage of rural communities in which immigrants provide much-needed labor on farms , open new small businesses , and serve as healthcare providers in medically underserved areas. (immigrationimpact.com)
  • They also discuss implications for policymakers and identify promising areas for research on the spatially disparate impacts of policies on population health and aging. (syr.edu)
  • More than half the population of rural areas worldwide do not have access to basic health care, with four in five rural Africans lacking services, the United Nations said Monday. (nextbillion.net)
  • Fifty-six percent of those living in rural areas worldwide were not covered by basic health care against 22 percent in cities and towns, according to the report, with data from 174 countries. (nextbillion.net)
  • An overwhelming 83 percent of Africans in rural areas were left uncovered, the report said. (nextbillion.net)
  • The situation is worsened by the lack of health workers in the world's rural areas," the report said, adding that although half of the world's population lived in these areas, only 23 percent of the global health workforce was deployed there. (nextbillion.net)
  • According to IRDAI, it has become compulsory for insurance companies to ensure that people living in rural areas or people working in agricultural sector are able to receive the benefits of insurance as per the Insurance Act, 1938. (bankbazaar.com)
  • About 7 percent of homeless people live in rural areas, but homeless advocates say services in those areas don't get as much federal funding as they deserve - partly because the number of homeless people might be underestimated. (cpr.org)
  • But in rural areas such as Wyoming and South Dakota where shelter space is scarce, people often crash with friends or stay in cheap motels on cold nights. (cpr.org)
  • Many small rural areas don't have any shelter whatsoever," she says. (cpr.org)
  • Some of the summary areas are iterated for "geographic components" or portions of geographic areas, e.g., the principal city of a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) or the urban and rural portions of a MSA. (umich.edu)
  • This update adds urban and rural population and housing unit counts, summary levels for urban areas and the urban/rural components of census tracts and block groups, geographic components involving urbanized areas and urban clusters, and two new tables (household type by relationship for the population 65 years and over and a new tabulation of the total population by race). (umich.edu)
  • SACRAMENTO - Gov. Gavin Newsom officially certified the town of Paradise and surrounding parts of Butte County as "rural" on Thursday to make the areas eligible for additional funding from the U.S. Department of Agriculture. (timesheraldonline.com)
  • Local officials and non-profits will also now be able to tap into a $150 million pot of money in USDA's rural development program set aside specifically for federally-designated disaster areas.That could help fund some projects outlined in the town's long term recovery plan, like the civic center or a new fire station. (timesheraldonline.com)
  • This period may simply be an interruption in suburbanization or it could turn out to be the end of a major demographic regime that has transformed small towns and rural areas throughout the country. (dailyyonder.com)
  • thus we can expect a direct impact of climate change on population migration when areas associated with these conditions change. (usda.gov)
  • Egan-Robertson said the slow economic recovery of rural communities leads to a lack of opportunity, which causes an exodus toward metropolitan areas. (badgerherald.com)
  • A United States Department of Agriculture study found the number of Americans living in rural areas declined by 2% nationally between 2010 and 2018. (badgerherald.com)
  • Using recent U.S. Census data, Johnson discovered that, where there is growth in rural areas, minorities account for 83 percent. (cfra.org)
  • The Hispanic population in nonmetropolitan areas grew at the fastest rate of any racial or ethnic group during the 1990s and post-2000 time period. (cfra.org)
  • And while the drop has been most dramatic in cities, it has occurred in rural areas as well . (texaspolicy.com)
  • In rural areas this is particularly acute, even spurring some states to offer subsidies for qualified individuals willing to do this work. (texaspolicy.com)
  • We examine whether these spatial distributions of rural population in 2000 influence subsequent changes in the rate of poverty from 2000 to 2012 in 83 developing countries. (repec.org)
  • U.S. Census figures show Michigan was the only state to see its overall population shrink between 2000 and 2010, and those losses are being felt in rural schools. (edweek.org)
  • Hispanics made up more than one-half of the people added to the U.S. rural population through both migration and births between 2000 and 2010. (prb.org)
  • The paper presents tests of whether these spatial distributions of rural population influence poverty directly or indirectly via income growth in 83 developing countries from 2000 to 2012. (ssrn.com)
  • We found the Hispanic population increased by over 55% from 2000 to 2010. (cfra.org)
  • But for Hispanic population gains, rural population losses of the region would have been significantly greater - one and a half percentage points greater for the 2000 to 2010 decade. (cfra.org)
  • The results of the 2020 census will determine the area's designation for the following ten years, but it's unlikely the population of the town will grow back to more than 10,000 by then. (timesheraldonline.com)
  • You will learn how to apply concepts of population health in diverse inpatient and outpatient clinical settings with largely underserved urban and rural communities. (umassmed.edu)
  • Rural communities are generally older populations and have higher rates of chronic conditions. (hhs.gov)
  • Lack of resources has prevented many rural communities from developing the environmental workforce needed to address many of their environmental health risks. (hhs.gov)
  • Rural communities along the U.S./Mexico border, where nearly 67 percent of U.S. Hispanic residents live, are affected by social factors related to border crossing. (hhs.gov)
  • Population loss like Sheffield's is happening in small towns across the U.S. "The big picture for all rural communities that don't have a connection to a growing metro area is that they are going to get smaller over time," says Kimberly Zarecor, associate professor of architecture at Iowa State University. (npr.org)
  • Telehealth services are redefining healthcare, helping to fill the gaps faced by rural communities. (insight.com)
  • Implementing SANE Programs in Rural Communities: The West Virginia Regional Mobile SANE Project , OVC, June 2008, NCJ 221749. (ncjrs.gov)
  • Children and youth living in rural communities can encounter certain barriers or challenges that affect their education. (aypf.org)
  • The University of Kansas this month opened a new medical school with a class of eight in Salina, a regional hub of nearly 50,000 people, in hopes of supporting nearby rural communities that have no doctors at all. (fosters.com)
  • The state of rural communities is tough," said Tom Gissel, who farms 7,000 acres with his brother near Larned. (eurotrib.com)
  • Today, those over 65 account for two out of five people in rural communities, and three-fifths of all farmers. (eurotrib.com)
  • She noted that veterans who have completed their military service could be an important resource for rural communities, bringing educational skills and leadership experiences. (prb.org)
  • Some population-based studies conducted in Bangladesh at different time points have revealed an increasing trend of diabetes prevalence ranging from 1.5 to 3.8% in the rural communities ( 7 - 11 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • We know that hits rural communities very hard. (wpr.org)
  • If there's a silver lining in the report's data, it's that Wisconsin's rural communities have shrunk at a slower rate than the national median - a loss of 1 percent in Wisconsin, compared to a national median loss of 2 percent. (wpr.org)
  • Garkovich argues that migration streams exert a cohesive force, binding American communities together and that such in/out migrations have contributed to a national character based on intermingled rural and urban perspectives. (powells.com)
  • An important tool for students and scholars, this volume will also be of particular interest to those readers studying population migration and rural communities. (powells.com)
  • The Society for Education Welfare and Action, or SEWA Rural , is an organization working to improve the health of communities in the Indian state of Gujarat . (wbez.org)
  • The DRCHSD Program works with rural Delta communities to address health care needs and strengthen the local health care system through comprehensive technical assistance. (ruralcenter.org)
  • In rural communities throughout the United States , immigration has been a demographic lifeline that offsets-at least in part-the dwindling number of native-born Americans. (immigrationimpact.com)
  • The CAP report emphasizes that many rural communities can and do devise smart strategies for integrating newcomers into the fabric of their economy and civic life. (immigrationimpact.com)
  • Communities with a population greater than 2,500 but less than 10,000, and that are rural in character, can be certified as "rural. (timesheraldonline.com)
  • The contributions of immigrants are abundant in our small towns and rural communities, one of many reasons our flawed immigration system must be addressed. (cfra.org)
  • These are not the values our country was built on, and they certainly are not the values our rural communities embody. (cfra.org)
  • Unfortunately, in the rancor of the presidential primary season, discussion of the benefits immigrants bring to rural communities and states has gotten lost. (cfra.org)
  • Taken together, both population growth and economic growth from new Americans comprise a two-fold boost to rural communities. (cfra.org)
  • Yet small towns and rural communities with growing immigrant populations have sustained, or even increased, their population. (cfra.org)
  • Johnson describes the dynamic in rural communities this way: "Young people leave and older adults stay in place and age. (cfra.org)
  • Coming next: a look at how immigrants bring increased economic growth to the rural communities and states they now call home. (cfra.org)
  • Population growth + economic growth = a two-fold boost to rural communities. (cfra.org)
  • In point of fact, the highest rates of rural-urban migration at the present time are taking place in developing countries of Africa and Asia, and these continents' urban populations are projected to surpass the 50% mark by the year 2050. (worldatlas.com)
  • What baby boomers will do will be key to rural migration and growth, said Jason Henderson, a former vice president of the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City who is now associate dean of the Purdue University College of Agriculture. (dailytribune.com)
  • The out-migration of younger residents seems to have accelerated and a greater percentage of the population is now aging in place. (city-data.com)
  • In the last half-century, migration studies have been the single largest area of rural population research because the consequences of migration on both community population and socioeconomic structure are usually much greater than shifts in mortality and fertility. (powells.com)
  • Chapters three through six detail rural population changes including major migration streams and the factors and outcomes associated with, or attributable to, these movements. (powells.com)
  • The relationships among migration and the other components of population change and their joint effect on the structure of the rural population of the United States are analyzed in this volume. (powells.com)
  • According to Mongolia: Internal Migration Study conducted by the National University of Mongolia, nearly half of the country's population (47 percent) are now living in the capital, up from a little over a quarter (26.8 percent) in 1989. (iom.int)
  • The dissertation then continues by discussing statewide rural residential decision making and place attachment based on data collected by the Nebraska Roots Migration Survey. (unl.edu)
  • County population change includes two major components: natural change (births minus deaths, also available separately) and net migration (inmigrants minus outmigrants). (dailyyonder.com)
  • In this study, we first estimated an econometric model which showed the effects of natural amenities, such as climate and landscape variables, on rural population migration patterns in the United States between 1990 and 2007. (usda.gov)
  • The estimated model was then used to predict the effects of changes in these variables on rural county net migration and population growth to 2060 under alternative future climate and land use projections. (usda.gov)
  • During the projection period from 2010 to 2060 in the United States, changes in natural amenities were predicted to have positive effects on rural population migration trends in most parts of the Inter-mountain and Pacific Northwest regions, and some parts of the Southeastern, South Central, and Northeastern U.S. regions (e.g. (usda.gov)
  • Changes in natural amenities were predicted to have negative effects on rural population migration trends during the projection period in Midwestern regions (e.g. (usda.gov)
  • Four pooled Demographic and Health Survey data sets are used to examine the determinants of contraceptive method choice in rural Tanzania for the period from 1991 to 1999. (unc.edu)
  • Rural population in Barbados was reported at 195465 in 2016, according to the World Bank collection of development indicators, compiled from officially recognized sources. (tradingeconomics.com)
  • The Population Centre and Rural Area Classification 2016 is the current departmental standard and was approved on January 16, 2017. (gc.ca)
  • The Population Centre and Rural Area Classification 2016 provides standard names and codes for Canada's population centres (POPCTRs) and rural area (RA). (gc.ca)
  • In 2016, two new criteria were added to the delineation rules for population centres: the use of a secondary population density threshold as well as employment density. (gc.ca)
  • The population of the city of Falls Church grew 5.2 percent between July 1, 2016, and July 1, 2017, the data showed. (nbcwashington.com)
  • Between 20110 and 2016 some 126,143 people arrived at Ulaanbaatar, bringing the total population to 1.4 million, according to the National Statistics Office. (iom.int)
  • It has been shown that PON1 levels appear to be lower in older populations, but no known study has measured serum PON1 activity in the same individuals over time. (cdc.gov)
  • 171 One challenge in examining rural health issues is determining which urban-rural differences are due to distinct rural factors and which are due to the demographics of the people living there, such as employment characteristics and age. (hhs.gov)
  • One analysis of BRFSS data found that once the analysis controlled for these factors, some urban-rural differences were reduced or even disappeared. (hhs.gov)
  • 4 , 8 - 10 Regional differences in the age distribution of human populations and their use of health services may also affect the rate of hospitalization for influenza. (who.int)
  • We use several widely accepted measures of child wellbeing to examine the similarities and differences between rural and urban children. (prb.org)
  • Following a comparison of the results from urban and rural survey respondents, the content switches to a focus on rural Nebraskans who have stayed in, or moved back to, the state's rural towns, and discusses differences in residential decision making and place attachment between different genders and age groups. (unl.edu)
  • There can also be stark differences in patient populations. (healthleadersmedia.com)
  • India's rural customers are not yet ready to go completely digital, as far as finance is concerned. (weforum.org)
  • COVID-19 and the lockdown have decimated incomes and threaten the food security of India's rural population. (weforum.org)
  • Nearly one-quarter of India's population lives below the poverty line and up to a half a billion people are employed in the informal sector , getting by on daily and weekly earnings. (weforum.org)
  • IN WHAT represents a significant shift, India's Covid-19 immunisation drive has taken a rural turn now: more than six out of 10 shots in the last three weeks were administered in rural vaccination centres, according to official data. (indianexpress.com)
  • The National Family and Health Survey (NFHS) provides critical data on India's health, nutrition, and population indicators. (harvard.edu)
  • Wolff, who believes climate change, inequality, racism, instability and the COVID-19 pandemic have converged to make the global economic crisis more acute and long-lasting, said India's anti-pandemic programmes should not just involve funding but also focus on constructing social distancing protocols for rural conditions. (indiatimes.com)
  • Considering the magnitude of the situation and its consequences, this article explores factors associated with the prevalence of unintended pregnancies in rural Bangladesh with implications for policy intervention. (popcouncil.org)
  • OBJECTIVE -To determine the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and impaired fasting glycemia (IFG) in a rural population of Bangladesh. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • CONCLUSIONS -The prevalence of diabetes and IFG in the rural population was found to be on the increase compared with the previous reports of Bangladesh and other Asian studies. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • It may be noted that this study estimated the prevalence and risk factors of diabetes and IFG in a rural population at the beginning of the new millennium. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • To study the prevalence of low-risk and high-risk HPV genotypes in a largely suburban, non-Hispanic, white female population of the USA, and to determine the positive predictive value of one-occasion HPV detection and genotyping using high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) cytology as the endpoint for clinical evaluation. (nih.gov)
  • DNA sequencing is a useful method for increasing the specificity of HPV genotyping as an aid to follow persistent high-risk HPV infections to reduce excessive colposcopies in populations with low cancer prevalence. (nih.gov)
  • Replacing the currently recommended WC cutoffs with cutoffs of ≥78 cm for men and ≥82 cm for women would change the prevalence of abdominal obesity from 2.1 to 32.1% in men and from 38.4 to 30.9% in women in this population. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The goal of this investigation was to examine the prevalence of different types of intimate partner violence (IPV) during pregnancy, as well as the association between both physical and psychological IPV and negative health behaviors, including smoking, other substance use, inadequate prenatal care utilization, and nutrition, in a rural sample. (springer.com)
  • Stenson K, Heimer G, Lundh C, Nordstrom ML, Saarinen H, Wenker A. The prevalence of violence investigated in a pregnant population in Sweden. (springer.com)
  • The value for Rural population in South Africa was 19,439,950 as of 2018. (indexmundi.com)
  • World Bank staff estimates based on the United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision. (indexmundi.com)
  • The authors discuss three large, national policies/programs as exemplars of how policies differentially affect population health and aging in rural versus urban populations: the Older Americans Act, the Affordable Care Act, and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. (syr.edu)
  • More than half of the world's population is still offline. (weforum.org)
  • Towns and cities in the nation's midsection have struggled to find ways to maintain their population and tax base. (cfra.org)
  • ERS research in this topic area focuses on the economic, social, spatial, temporal, and demographic factors that affect the poverty status of rural residents. (usda.gov)
  • Barbier, Edward B. and Hochard, Jacob P., Poverty and the Spatial Distribution of Rural Population (November 1, 2014). (ssrn.com)
  • Therefore, we aim to estimate the independent effect of poverty and urban-rural classification on term infant mortality. (springer.com)
  • Merit-based Incentive Payment System Alternative Payment Models that use population health strategies can reduce patient costs and add benefits for hospitals and health systems, Lee McCall, CEO of Neshoba County General Hospital in Philadelphia, MS, and Don Wee, CEO of Tri-State Memorial Hospital in Clarkston, WA, said today during a session at the AHA Rural Health Care Leadership Conference. (aha.org)
  • The panelists demonstrated how rural hospitals engaged in the Magnolia Evergreen Accountable Care Organization, a Medicare Shared Savings Program Track 1 (MIPS) ACO, reduced overall Medicare spending by more than 8 percent. (aha.org)
  • Setting: Two district hospitals in rural southern Malawi, between March 1993 and July 1994. (tudelft.nl)
  • SHIP provides funding to approximately 1,600 participating hospitals in 46 participating SORHs to help small rural hospitals participate in value-based payment and care delivery models. (ruralcenter.org)
  • The Small Rural Hospital Transition ( SRHT ) Project supports small rural hospitals nationally by providing on-site technical assistance to assist bridging the gaps between the current health care system and the newly emerging health care delivery and payment system. (ruralcenter.org)
  • PMG calls allow peer-to-peer education focused on preparing rural hospitals for new payment and care delivery models. (ruralcenter.org)
  • As the national knowledge center on rural electronic health record adoption, The Center offers comprehensive services targeted at rural hospitals, rural health clinics and state and national HIT programs. (ruralcenter.org)
  • Expertly facilitated services conducted by The Center's staff of national rural health experts will help hospitals and organizations achieve this success. (ruralcenter.org)
  • Navigating the transition from volume to value-based payment and population health within hospitals as well as with the community begins with setting a course based on a strong assessment and good planning. (ruralcenter.org)
  • For starters, rural hospitals usually cannot provide the array of specialized and expensive care seen in larger urban hospitals, making per-patient cost comparisons difficult. (healthleadersmedia.com)
  • And rural hospitals do not enjoy the economy of scale and leverage with vendors and insurance companies that are seen in larger urban hospitals. (healthleadersmedia.com)
  • Still, there is a nagging perception out there that the 1,700 or so management teams at rural hospitals across the nation don't provide the same level of care delivery value as urban hospitals. (healthleadersmedia.com)
  • Michigan's rural county jails have seen a significant increase in jail population rates over the last several decades, according to data presented to a new task force examining incarceration trends in the state. (mlive.com)
  • It had a higher vacancy rate, a lot of empty homes - it was losing population for decades,'' Lombard said. (nbcwashington.com)
  • China's population has increased by 700 or 800 million in the past few decades, and people have also been flowing into the cities with unprecedented speed. (allroadsleadtochina.com)
  • In this article excerpted from Amber Waves , the journal of the USDA's Economic Research Service, John Cromartie looks at the underlying patterns of this population trend. (dailyyonder.com)
  • Although the definition of a rural area varies by region and their ingrained economic concepts, a rural area, in its simplest connotation, can be defined as a geographical region located outside of towns or urban centers. (worldatlas.com)
  • Zarecor argues that towns like Sheffield shouldn't spend money trying to lure new residents to shore up their population numbers. (npr.org)
  • Rural towns are scrambling to attract new residents and stave off heavy funding cuts from financially strapped federal and state governments. (fosters.com)
  • Immigrants and the industries that have attracted them have helped revitalize dying towns such as Worthington, Minn., which lost population in the 1990s but now is 40 percent Hispanic and growing, she explained. (prb.org)
  • After beginning with an introduction to rural population trends and population sustainability in rural towns, this dissertation gives an overview of population change in rural Nebraska towns between 1950 and 2010. (unl.edu)
  • Following a series of maps depicting the changes in rural Nebraska towns between these two censuses, six case studies are used to explore the growth of individual towns. (unl.edu)
  • A discussion on the characteristics of growing rural towns in Nebraska follows these case studies. (unl.edu)
  • There the population has been falling for years, as younger villagers head for the city in search of work and play. (eurotrib.com)
  • Rural/Metro's medical director, Dr. Dave Thomson, says "everybody's much more aware of obesity and the consequences of that. (syracuse.com)
  • It has been suggested that the current definitions of obesity may not be appropriate for African populations ( 1 - 3 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • showed some of the greatest numeric population losses. (brookings.edu)
  • The rural population, on the other hand, refers to the number of people dwelling in these rural regions. (worldatlas.com)
  • For example, in Burundi and Uganda, 88.24% and 84.23% of the people reside in the rural districts. (worldatlas.com)
  • The term 'urban' is widely used and one that people intuitively understand - a concentration of population at a high density. (gc.ca)
  • An 'urban area' was defined as having a population of at least 1,000 and a density of 400 or more people per square kilometre. (gc.ca)
  • A population centre was defined as an area with a population of at least 1,000 and a density of 400 or more people per square kilometre. (gc.ca)
  • 15 In one part of Bondo district, 25 000 people are offered free, high-quality care at Lwak Mission Hospital, including admission, as part of population-based infectious disease surveillance. (who.int)
  • The county's population increased by about 100 people from 2010 to 2012, according to data from the U.S. Census Bureau. (citizensvoice.com)
  • Within a decade, Luzerne County's population increased by about 6,000 people. (citizensvoice.com)
  • So far, WCA has found that the most important factors for population growth are having a city greater than 10,000 people, natural amenities such as lakes, forests or mountains, diverse industries and broadband access. (wisbusiness.com)
  • The rural share is expected to drop further as the U.S. population balloons from 309 million to 400 million by mid-century, leading people to crowd cities and suburbs and fill in the open spaces around them. (fosters.com)
  • Rural culture is the culture of old people, and rural life is the life of the old. (eurotrib.com)
  • Populations that have large shares of people who are old, poor, or minorities have different needs for medical care, legal assistance, and social services. (prb.org)
  • The U.S. rural population currently experiences 100 more deaths per 100,000 people each year than the urban population. (prb.org)
  • 1) City planners, who have been focused on economic development, are going to have to invest significant amount of time, money, and people to integrate these populations. (allroadsleadtochina.com)
  • If a population is moving away, there aren't people to create jobs, so if someone was thinking of opening a new plant, they might look at a local area and decide there aren't enough working age people here. (badgerherald.com)
  • Entrepreneurship, the backbone of the rural economy, booms, and there are more people around to shop, go out to eat, attend church, and more young kids in our schools. (cfra.org)
  • There are few signs that (the rural depopulation) trend will slow or reverse," the report says, "and Wisconsin's experience could worsen over the next decade. (wpr.org)
  • It's a trend which David Egan-Robertson, an applied demographer at the University of Wisconsin's Applied Population Laboratory, can be traced back to the Great Recession between 2007 and 2009. (badgerherald.com)
  • As a percentage, the rural population is the difference between the total population and the urban population expressed as a proportion of the total population. (worldatlas.com)
  • It is calculated as the difference between total population and urban population. (indexmundi.com)
  • large urban population centres, consisting of a population of 100,000 and over. (gc.ca)
  • Second, the rural population is now considerably older on average than the urban population. (prb.org)
  • All of these countries are in Africa, in the Democratic Republic of Congo, less than 1 per cent of the rural population has access to electricity compared to 42 per cent of their urban population, followed by Sierra Leone, Liberia and Burundi. (worldmapper.org)
  • Urban population size, metro proximity, attractive scenery, and recreation potential have historically contributed to nonmetro population growth. (dailyyonder.com)
  • The rural economy contributes about 46% to the national income, despite increasing urbanization in the last decade. (weforum.org)
  • The rural economy, however, continues to be an informal one, largely cash-oriented with unstructured cash flows. (weforum.org)
  • Once predominantly agrarian, the rural economy is getting increasingly more diversified, with the non-agricultural sector contributing to about two-thirds of household incomes. (weforum.org)
  • Rural Kansas, once the backbone of the state economy, is going through a series of painful changes, expert panelists told a Kansas University audience Thursday. (eurotrib.com)
  • The farm economy remains extremely important in some regions, but overall there are more rural workers in manufacturing jobs (19 percent), retail trade (14 percent), and professional services (24 percent) than in farming (4 percent). (prb.org)
  • Just as the rural economy has changed, so too has the rural family. (prb.org)
  • Knapp said the recent data show a change even from the '00s, when "the rural economy was kind of lagging the urban one, but it was still growing. (wpr.org)
  • Knapp said rural Wisconsin also benefits from a relatively diversified economy that includes manufacturing, tourism and agriculture. (wpr.org)
  • Where population densities are low, markets of all kinds are thin, and the unit cost of delivering most social services and many types of infrastructure is high. (indexmundi.com)
  • Due to low population densities and poor road conditions, private transport companies would limit their services to basic and once-in-a day pick up. (worldbank.org)
  • To estimate urban populations, UN ratios of urban to total population were applied to the World Bank's estimates of total population. (indexmundi.com)
  • The report was prepared by the Agriculture and Commerce departments using estimates from the Census Bureau's monthly current population survey. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • Population estimates released by the bureau last week show gains among several townships in Mountain Top and the Back Mountain regions of the county projected for July 1. (citizensvoice.com)
  • The growth in Northern Virginia is largely due to large employers located there and in Washington, said Hamilton Lombard, research specialist at the University of Virginia's Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service, which worked with the U.S. Census Bureau on the population estimates. (nbcwashington.com)
  • Since the census in April 2010, the population of Fairfax County has grown more than 6 percent, to almost 1.15 million, the Census Bureau's estimates show. (nbcwashington.com)
  • Other municipalities with the biggest population decreases include Kingston with 43 fewer residents, Nanticoke with 40 fewer and Plymouth Borough with 23 fewer. (citizensvoice.com)
  • Economic impacts of a declining population lead to a shrinking workforce, fewer businesses, fewer jobs, slower income growth and lower net new construction, which affects property tax levels. (wisbusiness.com)
  • Population loss means fewer resources for rural school districts. (clarionledger.com)
  • He reported that if rural death rates had equaled urban death rates between 1986 and 2012, there would have been 700,000 fewer deaths in the United States. (prb.org)
  • Countries differ in the way they classify population as 'urban' or 'rural. (indexmundi.com)
  • The Population Centre and Rural Area Classification has been developed to classify population centres and rural area. (gc.ca)
  • Of all the rural places that fit this definition and are the focus of the CAP report, 68 percent (or 1,894) have experienced a shrinking population since 1990 due to a declining number of native-born residents. (immigrationimpact.com)
  • This methodology established a simple urban-rural dichotomy for Canada. (gc.ca)
  • Nonmetro population loss during 2010 12 reflects natural increase of 135,000 offset by net outmigration of 179,000. (dailyyonder.com)
  • Rural blog The Daily Yonder says the American countryside is in trouble. (motherjones.com)
  • Only Rice Township and Laurel Run Borough had increases above 2 percent when their population increase was compared to their total estimate for 2012. (citizensvoice.com)
  • According to state and national data compiled by Pew Charitable Trusts, the federal Census of Jails showed rural jails increased their share of statewide jail incarceration by 9 percent between 1978 and 2013. (mlive.com)
  • The Rural-Urban Continuum Codes and Urban Influence Codes are part of a suite of data products for rural analysis available in this topic. (usda.gov)
  • The Feasibility of Using Electronic Health Data for Research on Small Populations. (hhs.gov)
  • These changes were meant to improve interpretation of Statistics Canada data and help users in the study of the Canadian urban-rural landscape and its issues. (gc.ca)
  • Since 1966, researchers at the Carolina Population Center have pioneered data collection and research techniques that move population science forward by emphasizing life course approaches, longitudinal surveys, the integration of biological measurement into social surveys, and attention to context and environment. (unc.edu)
  • Rural townships saw population increases and Luzerne County cities saw decreases in the past two years, according to the data. (citizensvoice.com)
  • For references , please go to https://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/figures/urban-and-rural-population-in or scan the QR code. (europa.eu)
  • Population is booming in Northern Virginia and shrinking in many rural localities in the southern and southwestern parts of the state, according to data released Thursday by the U.S Census Bureau. (nbcwashington.com)
  • The latest population data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, released on 27 March, reveals that these trends are only intensifying. (canberratimes.com.au)
  • Newly released census data for the first seven years of this decade signal a resumption of the population dispersal that was put "on hold" for a good part of the post-Great Recession period. (brookings.edu)
  • The NEMA trainers will share their knowledge with district (soum) level colleagues to improve data collection, processing and assessment to inform emergency responses and enhance NEMA's understanding of population movements and the needs of displaced populations on the move. (iom.int)
  • In a prospective population study ongoing since 1994 and now in its 3rd cycle of data/specimen collection, blood serum and questionnaire data are gathered roughly every 5 years from 499 rural Iowans ages 8-86 at the study onset. (cdc.gov)
  • Access tools, resources and case studies on collecting data, assessing information and establishing workflow and communication processes designed to deliver excellent quality of care, at lower total costs, while improving health outcomes in the journey towards population health. (ruralcenter.org)
  • Learn how to effectively conduct population health analytics with access to a web-based database for acquiring health data specific to your location. (ruralcenter.org)
  • Data was collected from a 6-year follow-up survey in rural area of Henan Province, China. (nih.gov)
  • Our report, Population Changes on the Great Plains , examined 2010 Census data for 10 states in the Great Plains and Midwest. (cfra.org)
  • National data don't exist to directly attribute rural jail admissions to opioid-related arrests. (texaspolicy.com)
  • The study was based in the Bondo district of western Kenya, which had a population of 238 780 at the time of the 1999 national census. (who.int)
  • With roughly 84% of its citizens remaining rural, Uganda has one of the highest agricultural populations in both Africa and the world. (worldatlas.com)
  • Since 1991, The Center has assisted rural citizens, health professionals, educators and policymakers with design and implementation strategies to assure the availability of quality health care. (ruralcenter.org)
  • In my work in China's first tier cities, this is about finding ways to integrate local populations and "new" citizens , while in China's second and third tier cites it is more economic (making sure there are jobs) and infrastructural (schools, roads, etc). (allroadsleadtochina.com)
  • Mitigating the COVID-19 pandemic thus has profound implications for chronic disease prevention and outcomes, health disparities, and overall population health. (cdc.gov)
  • Business Expansion With A Rural Flair Growth Afoot Despite. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • The government and regulatory bodies have rolled out several policy and financial initiatives aimed at inclusive rural growth. (weforum.org)
  • Population growth and economic growth are closely linked, and a loss of population can create a downward spiral. (wpr.org)
  • Dr. Siddiq notes that while urban growth is not without its challenges-congestion, pollution, traffic and infrastructure, housing and schooling-the increase in population brings with it more business activity and a larger tax base, which can support solutions for addressing those challenges. (dal.ca)
  • Today's post focuses on population growth. (cfra.org)
  • Light green indicates that foreign-born population growth has countered native-born loss to slow overall population loss. (cfra.org)
  • However, growth in rural jails has continued. (texaspolicy.com)
  • Just as there are myriad reasons for pretrial-population growth, there are many possible solutions. (texaspolicy.com)
  • Along the way access to infrastructure, social services, and nonfarm employment increase, and with them population density and income. (indexmundi.com)
  • A 2005 World Bank Policy Research Paper proposes an operational definition of rurality based on population density and distance to large cities (Chomitz, Buys, and Thomas 2005). (indexmundi.com)
  • It is the opposite of 'rural', where population is not concentrated but dispersed at a low density. (gc.ca)
  • The density of population in the area must not be more than 400 per square kilometre. (bankbazaar.com)
  • The Population-based Urban and Rural Community Health (PURCH) Track prepares medical students to practice successfully in the post-healthcare reform world by training them to manage the health of both individuals and populations. (umassmed.edu)
  • nLalibati is one of millions of rural Indians who are forced to turn to faith healers and quacks, sometimes with deadly consequences, because of the abysmal quality of healthcare centers in the countryside. (taipeitimes.com)
  • Any comparisons of urban and rural healthcare costs come freighted with caveats. (healthleadersmedia.com)
  • The total included approximately 4.95 million living on farms, or 2 percent of the population, a decrease of 35,000 from the previous year. (orlandosentinel.com)
  • Those with greater population loss have labor loss of 14 percent over an eight-year period," said Knapp. (wisbusiness.com)
  • The report says that about 69 percent of the rural population is aware of internet as opposed to the 16 percent projected in last year's report. (siliconindia.com)
  • One outlier went against the trend: Menominee County, where the Menominee Indian Reservation is located, saw a population increase of just over 10 percent. (wpr.org)
  • Since 2010, Loudoun County's population has increased more than 27 percent, to more than 380,000. (nbcwashington.com)
  • however, its population has increased more than 15 percent since 2010. (nbcwashington.com)
  • The majority settled in Ger districts on the outskirts of Ulaanbaatar, which now account for over 60 percent of the city's population but have never been adequately integrated into municipal planning. (iom.int)
  • In Texas, for example, almost 33 percent of the jail population comprised pretrial detainees in 1994. (texaspolicy.com)
  • ERS research on rural business and industry focuses on industrial trends that shape the job opportunities available to the rural labor force. (usda.gov)
  • Jackie Mader is a reporter for The Hechinger Report , covering pre-K-12 issues from her home base in Jackson, Miss. Join her as she discusses the latest news, trends, and issues facing rural schools and students. (edweek.org)
  • He'll be spending much of the next year at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C., working on a comparative study of population trends between Canada and the United States. (dal.ca)
  • These trends are not unique to Canada, which is why Dr. Siddiq hopes that a more detailed comparative analysis between Canada and the United States can illuminate lessons for addressing the consequences of the population shift from rural to urban centres. (dal.ca)
  • Trends in paraoxonase 1 activity and lifestyle factors in a rural population over time. (cdc.gov)
  • Within smaller, more dispersed rural populations, any changes in the number of births or deaths, or movement in or out of the area impact community and family structures. (powells.com)
  • Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP) have integrated these programmes since 1980 with the help of funding from the Central and State governments. (bankbazaar.com)
  • Rural' encompasses all population, housing, and territory not included within an urban area. (indexmundi.com)
  • The Population Centre and Rural Area Classification is a new departmental standard. (gc.ca)
  • All territory outside an urban area was defined as rural area. (gc.ca)
  • Given the widely accepted view that a more dynamic urban-rural continuum existed, the use of the term 'urban area' as it was then defined could have led to misinterpretations. (gc.ca)
  • Users of the former urban area concept are still able to continue with their longitudinal analysis using population centres. (gc.ca)
  • The Population Centre and Rural Area Classification conforms to the basic principles of statistical classification. (gc.ca)
  • The Population Centre and Rural Area Classification is one of a family of geographical classifications approved and used in Statistics Canada. (gc.ca)
  • The USDA defines a "rural area" as a community with a population less than 2,500 and not associated with an urban area. (timesheraldonline.com)
  • In Jamkhed area of rural Maharashtra, (population A), we collected menstrual pads from women who provided consent in the 30-50 year age group. (nih.gov)
  • In the rural population of Pune area of Maharashtra state (population B), menstrual pads were collected. (nih.gov)
  • The farther a county is from an urban area, the more likely it is to be losing population or growing at a slower rate than before the recession. (dailyyonder.com)
  • Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverages. (indexmundi.com)
  • 10 years of implementation had shown encouraging results, releasing landlocked populations from total isolation. (worldbank.org)
  • The last three weeks have seen a sharp jump in rural vaccinations: of the total 9.87 crore doses administered in the last three weeks, 6.22 crore doses were in rural parts, which is 63 per cent of the total doses. (indianexpress.com)
  • Rural families represent a significant share of our total population and they are disproportionately poor, less educated, and underemployed. (prb.org)
  • The numbers are based partly on an analysis by the Population Reference Bureau. (fosters.com)
  • Thus, Bangladeshis among the entire South Asian immigrant population had the highest mortality and attack rate from CHD ( 15 ). (diabetesjournals.org)
  • The factory provides an economic anchor for Sheffield, population 1,125. (npr.org)
  • Mann Deshi is a rural women's organization dedicated to the economic empowerment of women. (weforum.org)
  • Local Economic Conditions and Wage Labor Decisions of Farm and Rural Nonfarm Couples ," American Journal of Agricultural Economics , Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 73(3), pages 652-670. (repec.org)
  • Local Economic Conditions and Wage Labor Decisions of Farm and Rural Nonfarm Couples ," Staff General Research Papers Archive 10988, Iowa State University, Department of Economics. (repec.org)
  • Violence against women and girls is perpetrated in every country, within every socio-economic class and in both urban and rural settings. (endvawnow.org)
  • For instance, the CAP report singles out one rural place in particular-St. James, Minnesota-as an example of a community that actively seeks to integrate immigrants into its economic and social fabric. (immigrationimpact.com)
  • This speaks not only to the humanity of the native-born population in these locales, but to the economic (and demographic) importance of immigrants themselves. (immigrationimpact.com)
  • Evers' efforts appeared directed towards specifically revitalizing farm productivity, which potentially ignores another source of rural economic activity in Wisconsin. (badgerherald.com)
  • With over 13 years of implementation, the program managed to improve 15,500 km of rural roads, particularly in the most-underserved regions of Morocco, thereby increasing from 54% to almost 80% the share of the rural population having access to an all-weather road. (worldbank.org)
  • WASHINGTON (AP) Living in a rural Nevada town, Moe Royels recalls a more bustling time years ago when retirees poured in to enjoy the warm desert climate, nearby casinos and quiet community. (dailytribune.com)
  • 11 We describe here the results of population-based, district-wide surveillance in western Kenya for hospitalization with influenza virus in the two years before A(H1N1)pdm09 reached Kenya. (who.int)
  • Ten years later, the county's estimated population was 321,027. (citizensvoice.com)
  • RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS -A cluster sampling of 4,923 subjects ≥20 years old in a rural community were investigated. (diabetesjournals.org)
  • Anyone who's followed developments in rural Nova Scotia over the past few years, from school closures to major industry departures like New Page and Bowater, knows this story all too well. (dal.ca)
  • Here, a theoretical model linking farm program payments to population loss is presented and empirically estimated for the years 1980-90. (repec.org)