Rural Health Services: Health services, public or private, in rural areas. The services include the promotion of health and the delivery of health care.Rural Health: The status of health in rural populations.Health Services: Services for the diagnosis and treatment of disease and the maintenance of health.Health Services Accessibility: The degree to which individuals are inhibited or facilitated in their ability to gain entry to and to receive care and services from the health care system. Factors influencing this ability include geographic, architectural, transportational, and financial considerations, among others.Mental Health Services: Organized services to provide mental health care.Health Services Needs and Demand: Health services required by a population or community as well as the health services that the population or community is able and willing to pay for.Health Services Research: The integration of epidemiologic, sociological, economic, and other analytic sciences in the study of health services. Health services research is usually concerned with relationships between need, demand, supply, use, and outcome of health services. The aim of the research is evaluation, particularly in terms of structure, process, output, and outcome. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)Delivery of Health Care: The concept concerned with all aspects of providing and distributing health services to a patient population.Health Status: The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.Community Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive health services provided for individuals in the community.Public Health: Branch of medicine concerned with the prevention and control of disease and disability, and the promotion of physical and mental health of the population on the international, national, state, or municipal level.Health Policy: Decisions, usually developed by government policymakers, for determining present and future objectives pertaining to the health care system.Maternal Health Services: Organized services to provide health care to expectant and nursing mothers.Reproductive Health Services: Health care services related to human REPRODUCTION and diseases of the reproductive system. Services are provided to both sexes and usually by physicians in the medical or the surgical specialties such as REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE; ANDROLOGY; GYNECOLOGY; OBSTETRICS; and PERINATOLOGY.Health Care Reform: Innovation and improvement of the health care system by reappraisal, amendment of services, and removal of faults and abuses in providing and distributing health services to patients. It includes a re-alignment of health services and health insurance to maximum demographic elements (the unemployed, indigent, uninsured, elderly, inner cities, rural areas) with reference to coverage, hospitalization, pricing and cost containment, insurers' and employers' costs, pre-existing medical conditions, prescribed drugs, equipment, and services.Child Health Services: Organized services to provide health care for children.Patient Advocacy: Promotion and protection of the rights of patients, frequently through a legal process.Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.Politics: Activities concerned with governmental policies, functions, etc.Federal Government: The level of governmental organization and function at the national or country-wide level.WashingtonStudents: Individuals enrolled in a school or formal educational program.Mental Health: The state wherein the person is well adjusted.Community Mental Health Services: Diagnostic, therapeutic and preventive mental health services provided for individuals in the community.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Mental Disorders: Psychiatric illness or diseases manifested by breakdowns in the adaptational process expressed primarily as abnormalities of thought, feeling, and behavior producing either distress or impairment of function.Australia: The smallest continent and an independent country, comprising six states and two territories. Its capital is Canberra.Social Work: The use of community resources, individual case work, or group work to promote the adaptive capacities of individuals in relation to their social and economic environments. It includes social service agencies.Internationality: The quality or state of relating to or affecting two or more nations. (After Merriam-Webster Collegiate Dictionary, 10th ed)World Health: The concept pertaining to the health status of inhabitants of the world.Masculinity: Male-associated sex-specific social roles and behaviors unrelated to biologic function.Hospitals, Rural: Hospitals located in a rural area.United States Health Resources and Services Administration: A component of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE that provides leadership related to the delivery of health services and the requirements for and distribution of health resources, including manpower training.United States Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration: An agency of the PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE concerned with the overall planning, promoting, and administering of programs pertaining to substance abuse and mental health. It is commonly referred to by the acronym SAMHSA. On 1 October 1992, the United States Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (ADAMHA) became SAMHSA.Health Planning Technical Assistance: The provision of expert assistance in developing health planning programs, plans as technical materials, etc., as requested by Health Systems Agencies or other health planning organizations.United StatesEmergency Medical Services: Services specifically designed, staffed, and equipped for the emergency care of patients.Hospital Bed Capacity, under 100North DakotaExsanguination: Rapid and extreme blood loss leading to HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK.South DakotaCanada: The largest country in North America, comprising 10 provinces and three territories. Its capital is Ottawa.United States Dept. of Health and Human Services: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with administering those agencies and offices having programs pertaining to health and human services.Advisory Committees: Groups set up to advise governmental bodies, societies, or other institutions on policy. (Bioethics Thesaurus)Shame: An emotional attitude excited by realization of a shortcoming or impropriety.Intensive Care, Neonatal: Continuous care and monitoring of newborn infants with life-threatening conditions, in any setting.Circumcision, Female: A general term encompassing three types of excision of the external female genitalia - Sunna, clitoridectomy, and infibulation. It is associated with severe health risks and has been declared illegal in many places, but continues to be widely practiced in a number of countries, particularly in Africa.AfghanistanCeremonial Behavior: A series of actions, sometimes symbolic actions which may be associated with a behavior pattern, and are often indispensable to its performance.United States Department of Veterans Affairs: A cabinet department in the Executive Branch of the United States Government concerned with overall planning, promoting, and administering programs pertaining to VETERANS. It was established March 15, 1989 as a Cabinet-level position.Veterans: Former members of the armed services.Exercise: Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.Click Chemistry: Organic chemistry methodology that mimics the modular nature of various biosynthetic processes. It uses highly reliable and selective reactions designed to "click" i.e., rapidly join small modular units together in high yield, without offensive byproducts. In combination with COMBINATORIAL CHEMISTRY TECHNIQUES, it is used for the synthesis of new compounds and combinatorial libraries.

Randomised controlled trial of effect of feedback on general practitioners' prescribing in Australia. (1/1632)

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect on general practitioners' prescribing of feedback on their levels of prescribing. DESIGN: Randomised controlled trial. SETTING: General practice in rural Australia. PARTICIPANTS: 2440 full time recognised general practitioners practising in non-urban areas. INTERVENTION: Two sets of graphical displays (6 months apart) of their prescribing rates for 2 years, relative to those of their peers, were posted to participants. Data were provided for five main drug groups and were accompanied by educational newsletters. The control group received no information on their prescribing. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Prescribing rates in the intervention and control groups for the five main drug groups, total prescribing and potential substitute prescribing and ordering before and after the interventions. RESULTS: The intervention and control groups had similar baseline characteristics (age, sex, patient mix, practices). Median prescribing rates for the two groups were almost identical before and after the interventions. Any changes in prescribing observed in the intervention group were also seen in the control group. There was no evidence that feedback reduced the variability in prescribing nor did it differentially affect the very high or very low prescribers. CONCLUSIONS: The form of feedback evaluated here-mailed, unsolicited, centralised, government sponsored, and based on aggregate data-had no impact on the prescribing levels of general practitioners.  (+info)

Canada's "disasters-R-us" medical platoon a hit in Honduras. (2/1632)

The Canadian Forces Disaster Assistance Response Team did not take long to adapt to the medical needs of 90,000 survivors of Hurricane Mitch last November.  (+info)

Residents' exposure to aboriginal health issues. Survey of family medicine programs in Canada. (3/1632)

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether Canadian family medicine residency programs currently have objectives, staff, and clinical experiences for adequately exposing residents to aboriginal health issues. DESIGN: A one-page questionnaire was developed to survey the details of teaching about and exposure to aboriginal health issues. SETTING: Family medicine programs in Canada. PARTICIPANTS: All Canadian family medicine program directors in the 18 programs (16 at universities and two satellite programs) were surveyed between October 1997 and March 1998. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Whether programs had teaching objectives for exposing residents to aboriginal health issues, whether they had resource people available, what elective and core experiences in aboriginal health were offered, and what types of experiences were available. RESULTS: Response rate was 100%. No programs had formal, written curriculum objectives for residency training in aboriginal health issues, although some were considering them. Some programs, however, had objectives for specific weekend or day sessions. No programs had a strategy for encouraging enrollment of residents of aboriginal origin. Eleven programs had at least one resource person with experience in aboriginal health issues, and 12 had access to community-based aboriginal groups. Core experiences were all weekend seminars or retreats. Elective experiences in aboriginal health were available in 16 programs, and 11 programs were active on reserves. CONCLUSIONS: Many Canadian family medicine programs give residents some exposure to aboriginal health issues, but most need more expertise and direction on these issues. Some programs have unique approaches to teaching aboriginal health care that could be shared. Formalized objectives derived in collaboration with other family medicine programs and aboriginal groups could substantially improve the quality of education in aboriginal health care in Canada.  (+info)

Pap screening clinics with native women in Skidegate, Haida Gwaii. Need for innovation. (4/1632)

PROBLEM ADDRESSED: First Nations women in British Columbia, especially elders, are underscreened for cancer of the cervix compared with the general population and are much more likely to die of the disease than other women. OBJECTIVE OF PROGRAM: To develop a pilot program, in consultation with community representatives, to address the Pap screening needs of First Nations women 40 years and older on a rural reserve. MAIN COMPONENTS OF PROGRAM: Identification of key links to the population; consultation with the community to design an outreach process; identification of underscreened women; implementation of community Pap screening clinics; evaluation of the pilot program. CONCLUSIONS: We developed a Pap screening outreach program that marked a departure from the usual screening approach in the community. First Nations community health representatives were key links for the process that involved family physicians and office staff at a local clinic on a rural reserve. Participation rate for the pilot program was 48%, resulting in an increase of 15% over the previously recorded screening rate for this population. More screening clinics of this type and evaluation for sustainability are proposed.  (+info)

Comprehensive computerized diabetes registry. Serving the Cree of Eeyou Istchee (eastern James Bay). (5/1632)

PROBLEM BEING ADDRESSED: Diabetes is rapidly evolving as a major health concern in the Cree population of eastern James Bay (Eeyou Istchee). The Cree Board of Health and Social Services of James Bay (CBHSSJB) diabetes registry was the initial phase in the development of a comprehensive program for diabetes in this region. OBJECTIVE OF PROGRAM: The CBHSSJB diabetes registry was developed to provide a framework to track the prevalence of diabetes and the progression of diabetic complications. The database will also identify patients not receiving appropriate clinical and laboratory screening for diabetic complications, and will provide standardized clinical flow sheets for routine patient management. MAIN COMPONENTS OF PROGRAM: The CBHSSJB diabetes registry uses a system of paper registration forms and clinical flow sheets kept in the nine community clinics. Information from these sheets is entered into a computer database annually. The flow sheets serve as a guideline for appropriate management of patients with diabetes, and provide a one-page summary of relevant clinical and laboratory information. CONCLUSIONS: A diabetes registry is vital to follow the progression of diabetes and diabetic complications in the region served by the CBHSSJB. The registry system incorporates both a means for regional epidemiologic monitoring of diabetes mellitus and clinical tools for managing patients with the disease.  (+info)

Obstetrics anyone? How family medicine residents' interests changed. (6/1632)

OBJECTIVE: To determine family medicine residents' attitudes and plans about practising obstetrics when they enter and when they graduate from their residency programs. DESIGN: Residents in each of 4 consecutive years, starting July 1991, were surveyed by questionnaire when they entered the program and again when they graduated (ending in June 1996). Only paired questionnaires were used for analysis. SETTING: Family medicine residency programs at the University of Toronto in Ontario. PARTICIPANTS: Of 358 family medicine residents who completed the University of Toronto program, 215 (60%) completed questionnaires at entry and exit. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Changes in attitudes and plans during the residency program as ascertained from responses to entry and exit questionnaires. RESULTS: Analysis was based on 215 paired questionnaires. Women residents had more interest in obstetric practice at entry: 58% of women, but only 31% of men were interested. At graduation, fewer women (49%) and men (22%) were interested in practising obstetrics. The intent to undertake rural practice was strongly associated with the intent to practise obstetrics. By graduation, residents perceived lifestyle factors and compensation as very important negative factors in relation to obstetric practice. Initial interest and the eventual decision to practise obstetrics were strongly associated. CONCLUSIONS: Intent to practise obstetrics after graduation was most closely linked to being a woman, intending to practise in a rural area, and having an interest in obstetrics prior to residency. Building on the interest in obstetrics that residents already have could be a better strategy for producing more physicians willing to practise obstetrics than trying to change the minds of those uninterested in such practice.  (+info)

The impact of alternative cost recovery schemes on access and equity in Niger. (7/1632)

The authors examine accessibility and the sustainability of quality health care in a rural setting under two alternative cost recovery methods, a fee-for-service method and a type of social financing (risk-sharing) strategy based on an annual tax+fee-for-service. Both methods were accompanied by similar interventions aimed at improving the quality of primary health services. Based on pilot tests of cost recovery in the non-hospital sector in Niger, the article presents results from baseline and final survey data, as well as from facility utilization, cost, and revenue data collected in two test districts and a control district. Cost recovery accompanied by quality improvements increases equity and access to health care and the type of cost recovery method used can make a difference. In Niger, higher access for women, children, and the poor resulted from the tax+fee method, than from the pure fee-for-service method. Moreover, revenue generation per capita under the tax+fee method was two times higher than under the fee-for-service method, suggesting that the prospects of sustainability were better under the social financing strategy. However, sustainability under cost recovery and improved quality depends as much on policy measures aimed at cost containment, particularly for drugs, as on specific cost recovery methods.  (+info)

Factors affecting acceptance of immunization among children in rural Bangladesh. (8/1632)

This paper uses the Bangladesh Fertility Survey 1989 data to identify the factors affecting acceptance of immunization among children in rural Bangladesh. Acceptance of DPT, measles and BCG vaccinations were the dependent variables. The independent variables included proximity to health facilities, frequency of visit by health worker, respondent's mobility, media exposure, education, age, economic status of household, region of residence, and gender of child. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the net effects of the variables in addition to univariate analysis. Among the independent variables, proximity to health facility, frequency of health worker's visit, mother's mobility, education, age, gender of child, ownership of radio, economic condition of household, and region of residence showed statistically significant association with acceptance of immunization. The effect of frequency of health worker's visit was dependent on region of residence, possession of radio, and mother's education. The effect of mother's ability to visit health centre alone was also dependent on ownership of radio, economic condition of household, and mother's education.  (+info)

  • This index reflects characteristics of rural and remote general practices and the communities they serve, including their access to secondary care facilities, to centres of decision- making and to professional education and support. (
  • In this study our understanding of rurality relating to health care entails some or all of the following elements: isolated and dispersed communities, low density populations, limited public transport and road infrastructure, long distances to hospitals and health care services, and the difficulties in attracting and recruiting qualified personnel. (
  • In light of the coronavirus outbreak leading to the current COVID-19 pandemic, the Research Evidence Review team at CRHR, in partnership with the BC Rural Health Network has created a brief, anonymous survey to learn from rural and remote BC communities about their experiences and responses to COVID-19. (
  • We recognize the importance of local ("ground up") solutions to address the health care challenges and priorities that rural and remote BC communities are facing, including COVID-19. (
  • We will use the survey findings to understand rural community solutions and resiliency in the face of COVID-19, and the findings will be shared with participating rural and remote BC communities to support learning and collaboration across communities. (
  • This article presents the result of a literature review examining possible ways to improve healthcare services in rural areas. (
  • Healthcare providers in rural areas face challenges in providing coherent and integrated services. (
  • Rural health research is flourishing, especially in the United Kingdom, Australia and North America, but findings from these areas may not be transferable to the geography and demography of other regions or continents, such as Africa or Asia. (
  • A special challenge in rural areas is that the proportion of older people often is higher than that of the general population. (
  • In the UK, authorities have recently developed a methodology to define rural and urban areas which is now being used as a national statistic 8 . (
  • Maternity Home Karachi Jobs 2020, Health Department Government of Sindh is going to conduct "Walk-in-Interview" for filling the post of Community Midwifes (CMWs) on a 1-year contract basis (extendable on fixed salary). (
  • Maternity Home Karachi Jobs 2020, Interested candidates having domicile of District Sukkur and meeting the above mentioned minimum eligibility criteria are advised to appear for Interview before the recruitment committee notified by the Government of Sindh along with the application address to District Health Officer Sukkur , Health Department. (
  • In evaluating the literature it was found that the development of new forms of interaction is particularly relevant in rural regions - such as interdisciplinary and team-based work with flexibility of roles and responsibilities, delegation of tasks and cultural adjustments. (
  • Two of the Members of Congress that represent the MFHS service area are on the House Appropriations Committee and could speak out against this harmful provision. (
  • However, little is known about the implications of different rurality definitions on public health outcomes. (
  • National Rural Health Day on Nov. 16 aims to reduce the gap in rural and urban health outcomes - something Iowa State University researchers are directly and indirectly doing through their research and ISU Extension and Outreach initiatives. (
  • 7 ] and confirmed by the World Report on Disability [ 8 ], there is international evidence that persons with disabilities across the globe face distinctive barriers when accessing health care services, and show poorer health outcomes than nondisabled persons. (
  • Jane Nyangoma is a 37-year-old mother of five children who was diagnosed with tuberculosis (TB) while attending the post-natal clinic at a rural health facility in western Uganda. (
  • Charles Sturt University's Allied Health Clinic is a great example of how the University and community work together to improve local health, while also providing critical training opportunities for students. (
  • The Clinic was opened in 2003 offering a comprehensive podiatric services, with senior students closely supervised by qualified, experienced professional staff. (
  • The modern clinic, funded by a grant from Health Workforce Australia, is located on the University's Albury-Wodonga Campus and includes state-of-the art consultation rooms, a surgical room, sterilisation room and a gait analysis area, as well as the latest computerised booking systems. (
  • The three-year grant, funded by the Health Resources and Services Administration, an agency of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, is partnering with Heartland Health Center in Grand Island, its satellite clinic in Ravenna and Nebraska Medicine's Internal Medicine clinic in Omaha. (
  • Proposals relevant to rural providers include paying for off-campus clinic visits at the physician rate rather than the hospital rate, reducing payments to non-excepted off-campus provider-based departments for drugs acquired through the 340B Drug Discount Program, and removing measures from the Hospital Outpatient Quality Reporting Program. (
  • Participants reported barriers, such as fear of HIV identity, stigma, long waiting hours, clinic space, and health care workers' attitudes, as major impediments to effective uptake of HIV testing and care services. (
  • Despite the few concerns raised about new technology, mobile phone-linked HIV testing was broadly acceptable to potential users (particularly men and young people) and providers because of its privacy (individual control of HIV testing over health provider-initiated testing), convenience (individual time and place of choice for HIV testing versus clinic-based testing), and time saving. (
  • The Ellington Family Clinic is part of Missouri Highlands Healthcare, a health center serving seven counties in the Ozarks. (
  • If someone gets sick in a seven county swath of the Ozarks of southeastern Missouri, the closest place they can go for care is a clinic run by Missouri Highlands Health Care. (
  • A rural health clinic (RHC) is a clinic located in a rural, medically under-served area in the United States that has a separate reimbursement structure from the standard medical office under the Medicare and Medicaid programs. (
  • The RHC program was criticized in the 1990s for allowing enhanced reimbursement to remain for RHCs, even if that clinic is no longer in a rural or under-served community. (
  • Still, when the foundation surveyed residents in the Connecticut and New York towns surrounding Sharon Hospital, 60 percent said transportation was one of the main barriers to accessing health care. (
  • In rural Madwaleni in South Africa, persons with disabilities faced significantly more barriers to accessing health care compared to persons without disabilities. (
  • The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) released final regulations more than three years after a proposed rule to implement the BBA requirements eliminating the grandfather clause. (
  • But the legislation also would institute changes to the federal-state health program for low-income residents that could devastate states such as Georgia that didn't expand Medicaid. (
  • For 15 years, Georgia Medicaid reimbursed primary care doctors at only 60 percent of the amount that the federal Medicare program reimbursed similar services, said Ward. (
  • Mission [Health System, which operates Angel Hospital] says 77 percent of the people who come to that hospital either use Medicaid, Medicare, or don't pay. (
  • And this was a lot of people that the Affordable Care Act was designed to help - with the Medicaid expansion among other things - to help them get health insurance. (
  • Payment Bundling (PB) or Prospective Payment Systems (PPS) programs - The PB/PPS program supports initiatives for innovative payment and service delivery models that have potential to reduce Medicare, Medicaid or Children's Health Insurance Program expenditures while preserving or enhancing the quality of care for beneficiaries. (
  • South Texas Rural Health Services Inc Dilley Wellness Center allows the following types of payment: Self-Payment, Medicaid Covered Treatment, Medicare for Addiction Treatment, Private Insurance, Military Insurance Covered Treatment, Sliding Scale Fee. (
  • That's one avenue these rural health centers have for funding, as the federal government has opened up Medicaid and Medicare to cover remote visits. (
  • The analysis listed major barriers to providing on-site comprehensive eye-care services such as the inability to afford the necessary space and equipment, difficulties with Medicaid, Medicare and private insurance reimbursement, and discrepancies in Medicaid coverage and benefits across states. (
  • The first is whether the formula that the district court set in place by way of a preliminary injunction to calculate payments that the Commonwealth owes the FQHCs for providing Medicaid services mistakenly factored costs associated with beneficiaries whose care has been or should be paid solely through Commonwealth funds, thus resulting in overpayment to the plaintiff FQHCs. (
  • A survey of 750 clients of the Generations Family Health Center found that 35 percent missed at least one health care appointment in 2016 because of transportation issues. (
  • Methods: The Liberian Ministry of Health partnered with Last Mile Health, a nongovernmental organization, to implement a pilot CHW programme with enhanced recruitment, training, supervision and compensation. (
  • According to the Ministry of Health, numbers of doctors, hospital beds, the types of health care and medical treatments in large cites are approaching levels in industrialized countries. (
  • The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare is an Indian government ministry charged with health policy in India. (
  • Host Frank Stasio talks with Matt Bush, the news director of Blue Ridge Public Radio, Dr. Maureen Ben-Davies, a pediatrician from McDowell Pediatrics, Jon Oberlander, professor and chair of social medicine and professor of health policy and management at the University of North Carolina-Chapel Hill, and Julie Rovner, the chief Washington correspondent for Kaiser Health News about health care policy and services in rural North Carolina. (
  • Improve maternal health. (
  • Conclusion: Planning of different categories of health care facilities in different locations should be based on utilization rates while proper management of established facilities should aim to improve health seeking behavior of people. (
  • Nancy Heaton, CEO for the Foundation for Community Health in Sharon, said Litchfield County has studied options to improve transportation. (
  • While there is abundant literature on making healthcare programs integrated, interdisciplinary and managed in order to reduce fragmentation and improve continuity and coordination of care, only some part of this relates to rural issues. (
  • DHS continues to work with the Wisconsin Hospital Association and the Rural Wisconsin Health Cooperative to provide technical assistance to interested organizations prior to a second request for applications, tentatively scheduled to be issued in the spring of 2019. (
  • On Monday 16th December 2019, representatives of all 31 local authorities in Ireland gathered for a formal ceremony in Slane Castle to receive their charters from the Taoiseach Leo Varadkar, T.D. and Alana Officer of the World Health Organisation, as part of a special recognition ceremony. (
  • Local Health has been developed as part of the Heath Profiles programme, which is produced by Public Health England. (
  • Moreover, improved PHC will lead to continuous health education for the public. (
  • These specially designed service models may rely on transport and information infrastructure - which is one of the reasons why the NRHA is concerned with things like broadband and telephony, public transport, and patients' assisted transport schemes. (
  • To receive news and publication updates for Journal of Environmental and Public Health, enter your email address in the box below. (
  • The global public health focus is gradually concentrating more on the non-communicable diseases (NCDs), owing to the progressively increasing trend in the burden of NCDs worldwide including the developing countries. (
  • Among these NCDs, the silent epidemic of diabetes currently has become one of the most worrisome public health concerns [ 1 - 3 ]. (
  • Application forms for abstracts are available at the I-CASH Web site, , or by calling 319-335-4224. (
  • Edmund S. Muskie School of Public Service, University of Southern Maine. (
  • Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 86 (‎11)‎, 830 - 838. (
  • Bulletin of the World Health Organization 95 (2): 113-120. (
  • In sub-Saharan Africa, women's disclosure of HIV-positive status to others may affect their use of services for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) of HIV and maternal and child health-including antenatal care, antiretroviral drugs (ARVs) for PMTCT, and skilled birth attendance. (
  • The Flex Program requires states to develop rural health plans and funds their efforts to implement community-level outreach. (
  • Abstracts are now being accepted through July 1 for research or outreach presentations at this fall's Midwest Rural and Agricultural Safety and Health Forum, to be held Oct. 27-28 at the Stoney Creek Inn in Johnston, Iowa. (
  • The RSN campaigns to help rural residents overcome multiple access barriers to key services which includes poor transport and broadband. (
  • Tackling a collection of circumstances which leaves many rural residents vulnerable is a key issue for the RSN. (
  • Several newspapers, including the Northern Echo, have reported that rural residents are unhappy that they have been brought into lockdown when cases are not as high there as other parts of the county The lockdown has been instigated across. (
  • Rural residents can suffer from Rural Vulnerability, due to a combination of issues such as poor transport, lack of broadband low wages and higher than average house prices. (
  • Better information on services and their utilization should be provided to migrants and residents. (
  • Doctor shortages and long commutes make it harder for rural residents to get-- health care. (
  • In Connecticut, rural residents were more likely than their city and suburban counterparts to die from four of the top five causes of death: heart disease, cancer, chronic lower respiratory disease and unintentional injury. (
  • Nationally, rural residents report higher rates of adverse health factors, such as smoking, obesity and lower use of seatbelts. (
  • Rural residents in Connecticut were almost twice as likely to die from chronic lower respiratory disease, which includes asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema. (
  • We are so close to the election that this is probably more of a messaging issue to cater to rural residents," Ms. Bai said. (
  • Conversely, positive attitudes towards help-seeking, and believing that a GP would be helpful for MH concerns, are significantly associated with lifetime GP consultations by rural residents, after controlling for current psychological distress [ 15 ]. (
  • This NRHA report summarises the findings of the AIHW report it commissioned, "Australian health expenditure by remoteness", published in January 2011. (