Rupture: Forcible or traumatic tear or break of an organ or other soft part of the body.Splenic RuptureAortic Rupture: The tearing or bursting of the wall along any portion of the AORTA, such as thoracic or abdominal. It may result from the rupture of an aneurysm or it may be due to TRAUMA.Heart Rupture: Disease-related laceration or tearing of tissues of the heart, including the free-wall MYOCARDIUM; HEART SEPTUM; PAPILLARY MUSCLES; CHORDAE TENDINEAE; and any of the HEART VALVES. Pathological rupture usually results from myocardial infarction (HEART RUPTURE, POST-INFARCTION).Uterine Rupture: A complete separation or tear in the wall of the UTERUS with or without expulsion of the FETUS. It may be due to injuries, multiple pregnancies, large fetus, previous scarring, or obstruction.Heart Rupture, Post-Infarction: Laceration or tearing of cardiac tissues appearing after MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Fetal Membranes, Premature Rupture: Spontaneous tearing of the membranes surrounding the FETUS any time before the onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR. Preterm PROM is membrane rupture before 37 weeks of GESTATION.Aneurysm, Ruptured: The tearing or bursting of the weakened wall of the aneurysmal sac, usually heralded by sudden worsening pain. The great danger of a ruptured aneurysm is the large amount of blood spilling into the surrounding tissues and cavities, causing HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK.Stomach Rupture: Bursting of the STOMACH.Tendon Injuries: Injuries to the fibrous cords of connective tissue which attach muscles to bones or other structures.Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal: An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the ABDOMINAL AORTA which gives rise to the visceral, the parietal, and the terminal (iliac) branches below the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.Hemoperitoneum: Accumulations of blood in the PERITONEAL CAVITY due to internal HEMORRHAGE.Achilles Tendon: A fibrous cord that connects the muscles in the back of the calf to the HEEL BONE.Wounds, Nonpenetrating: Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.Intracranial Aneurysm: Abnormal outpouching in the wall of intracranial blood vessels. Most common are the saccular (berry) aneurysms located at branch points in CIRCLE OF WILLIS at the base of the brain. Vessel rupture results in SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Giant aneurysms (>2.5 cm in diameter) may compress adjacent structures, including the OCULOMOTOR NERVE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p841)Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation: Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.Aortography: Radiographic visualization of the aorta and its branches by injection of contrast media, using percutaneous puncture or catheterization procedures.Aneurysm, False: Not an aneurysm but a well-defined collection of blood and CONNECTIVE TISSUE outside the wall of a blood vessel or the heart. It is the containment of a ruptured blood vessel or heart, such as sealing a rupture of the left ventricle. False aneurysm is formed by organized THROMBUS and HEMATOMA in surrounding tissue.Heart Injuries: General or unspecified injuries to the heart.Fatal Outcome: Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.Aorta, Abdominal: The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.Suture Techniques: Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).Vaginal Birth after Cesarean: Delivery of an infant through the vagina in a female who has had a prior cesarean section.Blood Vessel Prosthesis: Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.Aneurysm: Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Chordae Tendineae: The tendinous cords that connect each cusp of the two atrioventricular HEART VALVES to appropriate PAPILLARY MUSCLES in the HEART VENTRICLES, preventing the valves from reversing themselves when the ventricles contract.Aortic Aneurysm: An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of AORTA.Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic: An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the THORACIC AORTA. This proximal descending portion of aorta gives rise to the visceral and the parietal branches above the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.Anterior Cruciate Ligament: A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the posteromedial portion of the lateral condyle of the femur, passes anteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the depression in front of the intercondylar eminence of the tibia.Extraembryonic Membranes: The thin layers of tissue that surround the developing embryo. There are four extra-embryonic membranes commonly found in VERTEBRATES, such as REPTILES; BIRDS; and MAMMALS. They are the YOLK SAC, the ALLANTOIS, the AMNION, and the CHORION. These membranes provide protection and means to transport nutrients and wastes.Hematoma: A collection of blood outside the BLOOD VESSELS. Hematoma can be localized in an organ, space, or tissue.Hernia, Diaphragmatic, Traumatic: The type of DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA caused by TRAUMA or injury, usually to the ABDOMEN.Pregnancy: The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Bleeding into the intracranial or spinal SUBARACHNOID SPACE, most resulting from INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSM rupture. It can occur after traumatic injuries (SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC). Clinical features include HEADACHE; NAUSEA; VOMITING, nuchal rigidity, variable neurological deficits and reduced mental status.Plaque, Atherosclerotic: Lesions formed within the walls of ARTERIES.Aneurysm, Dissecting: Aneurysm caused by a tear in the TUNICA INTIMA of a blood vessel leading to interstitial HEMORRHAGE, and splitting (dissecting) of the vessel wall, often involving the AORTA. Dissection between the intima and media causes luminal occlusion. Dissection at the media, or between the media and the outer adventitia causes aneurismal dilation.Trial of Labor: Allowing a woman to be in LABOR, OBSTETRIC long enough to determine if vaginal birth may be anticipated.Stents: Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.Cardiac Tamponade: Compression of the heart by accumulated fluid (PERICARDIAL EFFUSION) or blood (HEMOPERICARDIUM) in the PERICARDIUM surrounding the heart. The affected cardiac functions and CARDIAC OUTPUT can range from minimal to total hemodynamic collapse.Retrospective Studies: Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Stress, Mechanical: A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.Knee Injuries: Injuries to the knee or the knee joint.Embolization, Therapeutic: A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.Postoperative Complications: Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.Endovascular Procedures: Minimally invasive procedures, diagnostic or therapeutic, performed within the BLOOD VESSELS. They may be perfomed via ANGIOSCOPY; INTERVENTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; INTERVENTIONAL RADIOGRAPHY; or INTERVENTIONAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.Splenectomy: Surgical procedure involving either partial or entire removal of the spleen.Chorioamnionitis: INFLAMMATION of the placental membranes (CHORION; AMNION) and connected tissues such as fetal BLOOD VESSELS and UMBILICAL CORD. It is often associated with intrauterine ascending infections during PREGNANCY.Splenic DiseasesTensile Strength: The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)Heart Aneurysm: A localized bulging or dilatation in the muscle wall of a heart (MYOCARDIUM), usually in the LEFT VENTRICLE. Blood-filled aneurysms are dangerous because they may burst. Fibrous aneurysms interfere with the heart function through the loss of contractility. True aneurysm is bound by the vessel wall or cardiac wall. False aneurysms are HEMATOMA caused by myocardial rupture.Esophageal Diseases: Pathological processes in the ESOPHAGUS.Abdominal Injuries: General or unspecified injuries involving organs in the abdominal cavity.Follow-Up Studies: Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.Eye Injuries: Damage or trauma inflicted to the eye by external means. The concept includes both surface injuries and intraocular injuries.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Hemothorax: Hemorrhage within the pleural cavity.Reoperation: A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.Models, Cardiovascular: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.Aorta, Thoracic: The portion of the descending aorta proceeding from the arch of the aorta and extending to the DIAPHRAGM, eventually connecting to the ABDOMINAL AORTA.Aneurysm, Infected: Aneurysm due to growth of microorganisms in the arterial wall, or infection arising within preexisting arteriosclerotic aneurysms.Myocardial Infarction: NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).Pericardial Effusion: Fluid accumulation within the PERICARDIUM. Serous effusions are associated with pericardial diseases. Hemopericardium is associated with trauma. Lipid-containing effusion (chylopericardium) results from leakage of THORACIC DUCT. Severe cases can lead to CARDIAC TAMPONADE.Obstetric Labor, Premature: Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).Posterior Capsular Rupture, Ocular: A breach in the continuity of the posterior chamber of the eyeball.Abdomen, Acute: A clinical syndrome with acute abdominal pain that is severe, localized, and rapid in onset. Acute abdomen may be caused by a variety of disorders, injuries, or diseases.Amniotic Fluid: A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Labor, Induced: Artificially induced UTERINE CONTRACTION. Generally, LABOR, OBSTETRIC is induced with the intent to cause delivery of the fetus and termination of pregnancy.Cesarean Section: Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.Urinary Bladder Diseases: Pathological processes of the URINARY BLADDER.Ultrasonography, Interventional: The use of ultrasound to guide minimally invasive surgical procedures such as needle ASPIRATION BIOPSY; DRAINAGE; etc. Its widest application is intravascular ultrasound imaging but it is useful also in urology and intra-abdominal conditions.Uterine Myomectomy: Surgical removal of a LEIOMYOMA of the UTERUS.Abdominal Pain: Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.Amnion: The innermost membranous sac that surrounds and protects the developing embryo which is bathed in the AMNIOTIC FLUID. Amnion cells are secretory EPITHELIAL CELLS and contribute to the amniotic fluid.Echinococcosis, Hepatic: Liver disease caused by infections with parasitic tapeworms of the genus ECHINOCOCCUS, such as Echinococcus granulosus or Echinococcus multilocularis. Ingested Echinococcus ova burrow into the intestinal mucosa. The larval migration to the liver via the PORTAL VEIN leads to watery vesicles (HYDATID CYST).Tendons: Fibrous bands or cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE at the ends of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that serve to attach the MUSCLES to bones and other structures.Tendon Transfer: Surgical procedure by which a tendon is incised at its insertion and placed at an anatomical site distant from the original insertion. The tendon remains attached at the point of origin and takes over the function of a muscle inactivated by trauma or disease.Patellar Ligament: A band of fibrous tissue that attaches the apex of the PATELLA to the lower part of the tubercle of the TIBIA. The ligament is actually the caudal continuation of the common tendon of the QUADRICEPS FEMORIS. The patella is embedded in that tendon. As such, the patellar ligament can be thought of as connecting the quadriceps femoris tendon to the tibia, and therefore it is sometimes called the patellar tendon.Casts, Surgical: Dressings made of fiberglass, plastic, or bandage impregnated with plaster of paris used for immobilization of various parts of the body in cases of fractures, dislocations, and infected wounds. In comparison with plaster casts, casts made of fiberglass or plastic are lightweight, radiolucent, able to withstand moisture, and less rigid.Tendinopathy: Clinical syndrome describing overuse tendon injuries characterized by a combination of PAIN, diffuse or localized swelling, and impaired performance. Distinguishing tendinosis from tendinitis is clinically difficult and can be made only after histopathological examination.Brachiocephalic Trunk: The first and largest artery branching from the aortic arch. It distributes blood to the right side of the head and neck and to the right arm.Iatrogenic Disease: Any adverse condition in a patient occurring as the result of treatment by a physician, surgeon, or other health professional, especially infections acquired by a patient during the course of treatment.Athletic Injuries: Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.Labor, Obstetric: The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).Ehlers-Danlos Syndrome: A heterogeneous group of autosomally inherited COLLAGEN DISEASES caused by defects in the synthesis or structure of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are numerous subtypes: classical, hypermobility, vascular, and others. Common clinical features include hyperextensible skin and joints, skin fragility and reduced wound healing capability.Pectoralis Muscles: The pectoralis major and pectoralis minor muscles that make up the upper and fore part of the chest in front of the AXILLA.Atherosclerosis: A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.Ligaments, Articular: Fibrous cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE that attach bones to each other and hold together the many types of joints in the body. Articular ligaments are strong, elastic, and allow movement in only specific directions, depending on the individual joint.Oligohydramnios: A condition of abnormally low AMNIOTIC FLUID volume. Principal causes include malformations of fetal URINARY TRACT; FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION; GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION; nicotine poisoning; and PROLONGED PREGNANCY.Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.Aortic Diseases: Pathological processes involving any part of the AORTA.Hemorrhage: Bleeding or escape of blood from a vessel.Tissue Adhesives: Substances used to cause adherence of tissue to tissue or tissue to non-tissue surfaces, as for prostheses.Coronary Vessels: The veins and arteries of the HEART.Angiography: Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.Coronary Thrombosis: Coagulation of blood in any of the CORONARY VESSELS. The presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) often leads to MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.Prospective Studies: Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.Thrombosis: Formation and development of a thrombus or blood clot in the blood vessel.Accidents, Traffic: Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.Laparotomy: Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.Arthroscopy: Endoscopic examination, therapy and surgery of the joint.Risk Assessment: The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)Intraoperative Complications: Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.Arteriosclerosis: Thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES of all sizes. There are many forms classified by the types of lesions and arteries involved, such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS with fatty lesions in the ARTERIAL INTIMA of medium and large muscular arteries.Capillary Fragility: The susceptibility of CAPILLARIES, under conditions of increased stress, to leakage.Splenic Artery: The largest branch of the celiac trunk with distribution to the spleen, pancreas, stomach and greater omentum.Stifle: In horses, cattle, and other quadrupeds, the joint between the femur and the tibia, corresponding to the human knee.Ovulation: The discharge of an OVUM from a rupturing follicle in the OVARY.Prosthesis Failure: Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.Echocardiography, Transesophageal: Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues using a transducer placed in the esophagus.Iliac Artery: Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.Orthopedic Procedures: Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.Emergency Treatment: First aid or other immediate intervention for accidents or medical conditions requiring immediate care and treatment before definitive medical and surgical management can be procured.Carotid Artery Diseases: Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.Gestational Age: The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.Iliac Aneurysm: Abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any one of the iliac arteries including the common, the internal, or the external ILIAC ARTERY.Intracranial Arteriovenous Malformations: Congenital vascular anomalies in the brain characterized by direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. The locations and size of the shunts determine the symptoms including HEADACHES; SEIZURES; STROKE; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; mass effect; and vascular steal effect.Ulcer: A lesion on the surface of the skin or a mucous surface, produced by the sloughing of inflammatory necrotic tissue.Finite Element Analysis: A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.Predictive Value of Tests: In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.Elasticity: Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.Endoleak: Postoperative hemorrhage from an endovascular AORTIC ANEURYSM repaired with endoluminal placement of stent grafts (BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION). It is associated with pressurization, expansion, and eventual rupture of the aneurysm.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Heart Ventricles: The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.Papillary Muscles: Conical muscular projections from the walls of the cardiac ventricles, attached to the cusps of the atrioventricular valves by the chordae tendineae.Pregnancy Complications: Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.Acute Disease: Disease having a short and relatively severe course.Extravasation of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Materials: The escape of diagnostic or therapeutic material from the vessel into which it is introduced into the surrounding tissue or body cavity.Pregnancy Outcome: Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.Bursa, Synovial: A fluid-filled sac lined with SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE that provides a cushion between bones, tendons and/or muscles around a joint.Matrix Metalloproteinase 9: An endopeptidase that is structurally similar to MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASE 2. It degrades GELATIN types I and V; COLLAGEN TYPE IV; and COLLAGEN TYPE V.Pneumoperitoneum: A condition with trapped gas or air in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, usually secondary to perforation of the internal organs such as the LUNG and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, or to recent surgery. Pneumoperitoneum may be purposely introduced to aid radiological examination.Sternotomy: Making an incision in the STERNUM.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Sinus of Valsalva: The dilatation of the aortic wall behind each of the cusps of the aortic valve.Thoracotomy: Surgical incision into the chest wall.Lacerations: Torn, ragged, mangled wounds.Foreign-Body Migration: Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.Arteriovenous Fistula: An abnormal direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. An A-V fistula usually leads to the formation of a dilated sac-like connection, arteriovenous aneurysm. The locations and size of the shunts determine the degree of effects on the cardiovascular functions such as BLOOD PRESSURE and HEART RATE.Pericardium: A conical fibro-serous sac surrounding the HEART and the roots of the great vessels (AORTA; VENAE CAVAE; PULMONARY ARTERY). Pericardium consists of two sacs: the outer fibrous pericardium and the inner serous pericardium. The latter consists of an outer parietal layer facing the fibrous pericardium, and an inner visceral layer (epicardium) resting next to the heart, and a pericardial cavity between these two layers.Microscopy, Atomic Force: A type of scanning probe microscopy in which a probe systematically rides across the surface of a sample being scanned in a raster pattern. The vertical position is recorded as a spring attached to the probe rises and falls in response to peaks and valleys on the surface. These deflections produce a topographic map of the sample.Necrosis: The pathological process occurring in cells that are dying from irreparable injuries. It is caused by the progressive, uncontrolled action of degradative ENZYMES, leading to MITOCHONDRIAL SWELLING, nuclear flocculation, and cell lysis. It is distinct it from APOPTOSIS, which is a normal, regulated cellular process.Sutures: Materials used in closing a surgical or traumatic wound. (From Dorland, 28th ed)
Anterior instability of the glenohumeral joint with humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament. A review of 41 cases. (1/977)We studied retrospectively a consecutive series of 547 shoulders in 529 patients undergoing operation for instability. In 41, the cause of instability was considered to be lateral avulsion of the capsule, including the inferior glenohumeral ligament, from the neck of the humerus, the HAGL lesion. In 35, the lesion was found at first exploration, whereas in six it was noted at revision of a previous failed procedure. In both groups, the patients were older on average than those with instability from other causes. Of the primary cases, in 33 (94.3%) the cause of the first dislocation was a violent injury; six (17.4%) had evidence of damage to the rotator cuff and/or the subscapularis. Only four (11.4%) had a Bankart lesion. In patients undergoing a primary operation in whom the cause of the first dislocation was a violent injury, who did not have a Bankart lesion and had no suggestion of multidirectional laxity, the incidence of HAGL was 39%. (+info)
Extradural inflammation associated with annular tears: demonstration with gadolinium-enhanced lumbar spine MRI. (2/977)Annular tears are manifest on MRI as the high-intensity zone (HIZ) or as annular enhancement. Patients with annular tears may experience low back pain with radiation into the lower limb in the absence of nerve root compression. Inflammation of nerve roots from leak of degenerative nuclear material through full-thickness annular tears is a proposed mechanism for such leg pain. The aim of this study is to illustrate the appearance of extradural enhancement adjacent to annular tears in patients being investigated for low back pain with radiation into the lower limb(s). Sagittal T1- and T2-weighted spin echo and axial T1-weighted spin echo sequences were obtained in eight patients being investigated for low back and leg pain. In all patients, the T1-weighted sequences were repeated following intravenous gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA). Annular tears were identified at 12 sites in eight patients. Extradural inflammation appeared as a region of intermediate signal intensity replacing the fat between the posterior disc margin and the theca, which enhanced following Gd-DTPA. The inflammatory change was always associated with an annular tear, and in four cases directly involved the nerve root. Enhancement of the nerve root was seen in two cases. The findings may be relevant in the diagnosis of chemical radiculopathy secondary to inflammation at the site of an annular leak from a degenerating disc. (+info)
Sonographic incidence of tendon microtears in athletes with chronic Achilles tendinosis. (3/977)OBJECTIVE: To assess the number and distribution of tendon microtears in asymptomatic controls and athletes with chronic Achilles tendinitis or partial thickness tears using high resolution ultrasound. METHODS: The mean number of microtears in three random tendon cross sections were recorded per tendon third in 19 asymptomatic volunteers, 16 athletes with symptomatic chronic Achilles tendinitis, and eight athletes with partial Achilles tendon rupture. RESULTS: Microtears were most numerous in the middle third section of the Achilles tendon. Some 67% of tendons in the control group had no microtears, and 28% showed a single microtear. Only 18% of the athletes with chronic Achilles tendinitis and none of the athletes with partial tendon rupture were without microtears in the middle third of their Achilles tendon. Of the tendons with chronic tendinitis, 13% had more than three microtears per section which increased to 87% in tendons exhibiting partial rupture. CONCLUSIONS: There appears to be an association between microtear formation and Achilles tendon rupture. (+info)
Traumatic wound rupture after penetrating keratoplasty in Africa. (4/977)AIM: To investigate risk factors, visual outcome, and graft survival for traumatic wound rupture after penetrating keratoplasty. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 336 patients who underwent penetrating keratoplasty from 1988 to 1995. RESULTS: 19 patients (5.7%) suffered traumatic postoperative wound rupture requiring surgical repair. They were younger (mean age 16.6 years, 95% CI 13.2-20.6) and more frequently keratoconic (p = 0.01) than other patients (mean age 28.9 years, 95% CI 26.-31.0). Mean postoperative follow up was 37.7 (SD 22.9) months and 24.5 (18.9) months for the rupture and non-rupture patients. Mean interval between keratoplasty and rupture was 18 (21) weeks. The lens was damaged and removed in 37% of ruptured eyes. For keratoconics, the probability of graft survival at 5 years was lower (p = 0.03) in the ruptured eyes (75%) than in the non-ruptured eyes (90%). Endothelial failure was a more common (p <0.05) cause of graft opacification in ruptured grafts than in intact grafts. Of the ruptured eyes, 53% achieved a final corrected acuity of at least 6/18 and 63% achieved at least 6/60 compared with 48% and 71% of the intact eyes respectively (both p >0.1). The proportion of keratoconic eyes which achieved at least 6/60 was lower (p = 0.02) in the ruptured eyes (67%) than the non-ruptured eyes (87%). Eyes with wound ruptures of 5 clock hours or greater were less likely (p <0.05) to achieve an acuity of 6/18 and were more likely (p <0.05) to have an associated lens injury. CONCLUSIONS: Graft rupture is relatively common in African practice, particularly in young keratoconics. Visual outcome and graft survival are not significantly worse than for other grafted eyes, but are significantly worse than for other grafted keratoconic eyes. (+info)
Evidence for increased collagenolysis by interstitial collagenases-1 and -3 in vulnerable human atheromatous plaques. (5/977)BACKGROUND: Several recent studies attempted to classify plaques as those prone to cause clinical manifestations (vulnerable, atheromatous plaques) or those less frequently associated with acute thrombotic complication (stable, fibrous plaques). Defining the cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlie these morphological features remains a challenge. Because interstitial forms of collagen determine the biomechanical strength of the atherosclerotic lesion, this study investigated expression of the collagen-degrading matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) interstitial collagenase-3 (MMP-13) and the previously studied MMP-1 in human atheroma and used a novel technique to test the hypothesis that collagenolysis in atheromatous lesions exceeds that in fibrous human atherosclerotic lesions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Human carotid atherosclerotic plaques, similar in size, were separated by conventional morphological characteristics into fibrous (n=10) and atheromatous (n=10) lesions. Immunohistochemical and Western blot analysis demonstrated increased levels of MMP-1 and MMP-13 in atheromatous versus fibrous plaques. In addition, collagenase-cleaved type I collagen, demonstrated by a novel cleavage-specific antibody, colocalized with MMP-1- and MMP-13-positive macrophages. Macrophages, rather than endothelial or smooth muscle cells, expressed MMP-13 and MMP-1 on stimulation in vitro. Furthermore, Western blot analysis demonstrated loss of interstitial collagen type I and increased collagenolysis in atheromatous versus fibrous lesions. Finally, atheromatous plaques contained higher levels of proinflammatory cytokines, activators of MMPs. CONCLUSIONS: This report demonstrates that atheromatous rather than fibrous plaques might be prone to rupture due to increased collagenolysis associated with macrophages, probably mediated by the interstitial collagenases MMP-1 and MMP-13. (+info)
Stromelysin promoter 5A/6A polymorphism is associated with acute myocardial infarction. (6/977)BACKGROUND: Rupture of the fibrous cap of an atherosclerotic plaque is a key event that predisposes to acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) may contribute to weakening of the cap, which favors rupture. Stromelysin, a member of MMP family, is identified extensively in human coronary atherosclerotic lesions. It can degrade most of the constituents of extracellular matrix as well as activating other MMPs, which suggests that it may play an important role in plaque rupture. Recently, a common variant (5A/6A) in the promoter of the stromelysin gene has been identified. The 5A/6A polymorphism could regulate the transcription of the stromelysin gene in an allele-specific manner. METHODS AND RESULTS: To investigate the relation between the 5A/6A polymorphism in the promoter of the stromelysin gene and AMI, we conducted a case-control study of 330 AMI patients and 330 control subjects. The prevalence of the 5A/6A+5A/5A genotype was significantly more frequent in the patients with AMI than in control subjects (48.8% vs 32.7%, P<0.0001). In logistic regression models, the odds ratio of the 5A/6A+5A/5A was 2.25 (95% CI, 1.51 to 3.35). The association of 5A/6A polymorphism with AMI was statistically significant and independent of other risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: The 5A/6A polymorphism in the promoter of the stromelysin gene is a novel pathogenetic risk factor for AMI. (+info)
Ocular explosion during cataract surgery: a clinical, histopathological, experimental, and biophysical study. (7/977)INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of cases are being recognized in which a peribulbar anesthetic for cataract surgery has been inadvertently injected directly into the globe under high pressure until the globe ruptures or explodes. We reviewed the records of 6 such cases (one of which was reported previously by us), and one additional case has been reported in the literature. Surprisingly, 2 of these 7 cases went unrecognized at the time, and the surgeons proceeded with the cataract operation; all of the patients ultimately developed severe visual loss and/or loss of the eye. OBJECTIVES: To reproduce this eye explosion in a live anesthetized rabbit model and to perform a clinical, histopathological, experimental, biophysical, and mathematical analysis of this injury. METHODS: Eyes of live anesthetized rabbits were ruptured by means of the injection of saline directly into the globe under high pressure. The clinical and pathological findings of the ruptured human and animal eyes were documented photographically and/or histopathologically. An experimental, biophysical, and mathematical analysis of the pressures and forces required to rupture the globe via direct injection using human cadavers, human eye-bank eyes, and classic physics and ophthalmic formulas was performed. The laws of Bernoulli, LaPlace, Friedenwald, and Pascal were applied to the theoretical and experimental models of this phenomenon. RESULTS: The clinical and pathological findings of scleral rupture, retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, and lens extrusion were observed. In the exploded human and rabbit eyes, the scleral ruptures appeared at the equator, the limbal area, or the posterior pole. In 2 of the 7 human eyes, the anterior segments appeared entirely normal despite the rupture, and cataract surgery was completed; surgery was canceled in the other 4 cases. In 4 of the 5 injected and ruptured rabbit eyes, the anterior segments appeared essentially normal. The experiments with human eye-bank eyes and the theoretical analyses of this entity show that the pressure required to produce such an injury is much more easily obtained with a 3- or 5-mL syringe than with a syringe 10 mL or larger. CONCLUSIONS: Explosion of an eyeball during the injection of anesthesia for ocular surgery is a devastating injury that may go unrecognized. The probability of an ocular explosion can be minimized by careful use of a syringe 10 mL or larger with a blunt needle, by discontinuing the injection if resistance is met, and by inspecting the globe prior to ocular massage or placement of a Honan balloon. When ocular explosion occurs, immediate referral to and intervention by a vitreoretinal surgeon is optimal. Practicing ophthalmologists should be aware of this blinding but preventable complication of ocular surgery. (+info)
Recurrent carotid blowout syndrome: diagnostic and therapeutic challenges in a newly recognized subgroup of patients. (8/977)BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To our knowledge, recurrent carotid blowout syndrome (rCBS) has not been well described. Our purpose was to review our institution's recent experience with patients who presented with multiple episodes of carotid blowout syndrome (CBS), and who were referred for emergent diagnostic angiography and endovascular therapy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the last 46 consecutive patients who had a clinical diagnosis of CBS. All patients were examined and treated prospectively according to a standardized protocol. Most patients (43 of 46) had undergone extensive primary and salvage radical surgery with intraoperative brachytherapy or external beam radiation or both. The remaining three patients had either traumatic or iatrogenic CBS. RESULTS: Twelve patients (26%) in our series had more than one episode of CBS in which a total of 32 (20 recurrent) events were observed (average 2.7, range 2-4). Intervals of rCBS ranged from 1 day to 6 years. Thirteen (65%) of 20 recurrent events were attributed to progressive disease (PD), and seven (35%) of 20 to treatment failures (TFs). In the PD group, seven (54%) of 13 had recurrent ipsilateral disease, and six (46%) of 13 had recurrent contralateral disease. Etiologies of rCBS were as follows: seven exposed carotids; seven carotid pseudoaneurysms; eight small-branch pseudoaneurysms; five tumor hemorrhages; three hyperemic/ulcerated wounds; and one aortic arch rupture. Twenty-seven of 32 events were treated with endovascular therapy, which included the following: nine carotid occlusions; 11 small-branch embolizations; three transarterial tumor embolizations; one carotid stent; and two direct-puncture embolizations. Four of six TFs were retreated successfully with endovascular therapy; the remaining two TFs were managed successfully by surgery. In the PD group, hemorrhagic complications of rCBS were managed successfully in all but one patient, who died. No permanent neurologic or ophthalmologic complications occurred. CONCLUSION: Recurrent CBS is a frequently encountered problem in which most cases are caused by PD resulting from both multifocal iatrogenic arteriopathy and occasional wound complications that are characteristic of aggressively managed head and neck surgical patients. Initial TFs are encountered often as well. Despite the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges of rCBS, most cases can be retreated effectively. (+info)
Chronic rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm manifesting as crural neuropathy. - Defraigne Jean-Olivier
en] Chronic rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) resulting in unusual clinical manifestations can occur if the resistance of structures surrounding the aorta is sufficient to contain hemorrhage. In this report, we describe five cases of chronic ruptured AAA in which the presenting feature was crural neuropathy. All patients were male with a mean age of 74 +/- 1.8 years. At the time of presentation, crural neuropathy had been ongoing for 3 to 9 weeks. In three cases, AAA was not initially suspected because an inadequate clinical examination was performed (not in the vascular surgery department) and because of the small diameter of the aorta in relation to the patients morphology. Two patients had one episode of hypotension that was wrongly attributed to vagal attack. Abdominal CT scanning was always diagnostic of chronic rupture. In two cases, rupture was associated with erosion of the body of one or more vertebrae and laboratory evidence of inflammation, i.e., increase in sedimentation ...
Partial rupture of the distal biceps tendon.
Exercises, Yoga, Recovery for Hamstring Tendon Rupture
Exercises should be performed only when you have absolutely recovered from the hamstring tendon rupture. Learn about the exercises and yoga poses that one can perform to prevent the recurrence of hamstring tendon rupture. Also know the recovery period, prognosis and knee braces for hamstring tendon rupture.
Recurrent Tendon Rupture - Practical Neurology
The following are risk factors for recurrent tendons rupture, except: 1. Chronic steroid therapy. 2. Inflammatory arthritides. 3. Lisinopril 4. Fluoroquinolones 5. Repeated trauma to the joints. The Correct Answer is 3. Lisinopril. Tendon rupture spontaneously or with minimal trauma is rare and multifactorial. Most of the time no cause is recovered, and rupture may have a genetic predisposition. Risk factors include:. • Trauma. • Chronic medical conditions: chronic renal failure, diabetes mellitus, and hyperparathyroidism. • Systemic steroids. • Fluoroquinolones. • Aromatase inhibitors: anastrazole (estrogen positive breast cancer). Genetic predisposition and collagen disorders, such as collagen VI and Lamin A/C mutations are rare but important causes. In these cases, some degree of muscle weakness, contractures, joint hyperextensibility, and increased skin elasticity would be expected.. Click the image to watch the video.. Aziz Shaibani, MD, FACP, FAAN, FANA is Director of the Nerve & ...
Biceps - Wikipedia
The proximal tendons of the biceps brachii are commonly involved in pathological processes and are a frequent cause of anterior shoulder pain. Disorders of the distal biceps brachii tendon include insertional tendonitis and partial or complete tears of the tendon. Partial tears are usually characterized by pain and enlargement and abnormal contour of the tendon. Complete tears occur as avulsion of the tendinous portion of the biceps away from its insertion on the tuberosity of the radius, and is often accompanied by a palpable, audible "pop" and immediate pain and soft tissue swelling. A soft-tissue mass is sometimes encountered in the anterior aspect of the arm, the so-called Reverse Popeye deformity, which paradoxically leads to a decreased strength during flexion of the elbow and supination of the forearm. Tears of the biceps brachii may occur during athletic activities, however avulsion injuries of the distal biceps tendon are frequently occupational in nature and sustained ...
Distal bicep tendon rupture | Talk Tennis
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in Annals of Vascular Surgery (2001), 15(3), 405-11. Chronic rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) resulting in unusual clinical manifestations can occur if the resistance of structures surrounding the aorta is sufficient to contain hemorrhage. In this ... [more ▼]. Chronic rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) resulting in unusual clinical manifestations can occur if the resistance of structures surrounding the aorta is sufficient to contain hemorrhage. In this report, we describe five cases of chronic ruptured AAA in which the presenting feature was crural neuropathy. All patients were male with a mean age of 74 +/- 1.8 years. At the time of presentation, crural neuropathy had been ongoing for 3 to 9 weeks. In three cases, AAA was not initially suspected because an inadequate clinical examination was performed (not in the vascular surgery department) and because of the small diameter of the aorta in relation to the patients morphology. Two patients had one episode of hypotension ...
Intraperitoneal bladder rupture | Radiology Case | Radiopaedia.org
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Lirias: [Traumatic rupture of the diaphragm: a diagnostic problem]
About 5% of the heavy abdominal traumas present a traumatic diaphragm rupture (14). A correct diagnosis of such a rupture is usually not obvious. A collective review by Alivisatos concluded that only 1/3 of the diaphragm ruptures was recognized within the first 24 hours (2). In the department of general surgery of the academic hospitals St-Raphaël and St-Pieter, 38 cases were seen during the last ten years (1970-1980). The diagnosis was made within the first 24 hours (pre- or peroperatively) in 28 cases. In 34 cases, diagnosis was achieved within a week of time and in 36 cases within a year. In only 2 of the cases it was achieved after 1 years time. In this paper two points are especially emphasized, first why a correct diagnosis sometimes is so difficult to reach and second which dangers can result from an unseen diaphragm tear. These points of interest are illustrated by a few remarkables case ...
Biceps Rupture Workup: Imaging Studies, Histologic Findings
Acute rupture cautious: amyloidogenic vasodilatation.
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Neointimal Cracks (Plaque Rupture?) and Thrombosis in Wrapped Arteries Without Flow | Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and...
In Response:. Falk and colleagues raise a number of important issues regarding lesion formation and the modeling of plaque rupture in mice.1 The first of these concerns the question of whether the processes that lead to neointima breakdown in the model of Sasaki et al2 are congruent with those occurring during the breakdown of a fibrous cap overlying a lipid-rich necrotic core. Falk et al consider that there is no obvious reason to suppose that there is any such congruence. The second deals with the genesis of thrombi in the model of Sasaki et al compared with over a ruptured atherosclerotic plaque. Falk et al argue that the processes of thrombogenesis in conditions of rapid blood flow are likely to be different to those in stagnant blood in a ligated artery, a point well supported by a plethora of experimental evidence that has accrued over many years.3 Falk et al conclude on these bases that the relevance of the model of Sasaki et al to human plaque rupture is not clear, with the implication ...
How Does Capsule Rupture Affect Survival in Ovarian Cancer? | Cancer Network
Proximal Biceps Rupture Treatment Wayne, NJ | Biceps Tear Bridgewater
Record breaking bursts in a fiber bundle model of creep rupture<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Record breaking bursts in a fiber bundle model of creep rupture. AU - Danku, Zsuzsa. AU - Kun, F.. PY - 2014. Y1 - 2014. N2 - We investigate the statistics of record breaking (RB) events in the time series of crackling bursts in a fiber bundle model of the creep rupture of heterogeneous materials. In the model fibers break due to two mechanisms: slowly accumulating damage triggers bursts of immediate breakings analogous to acoustic emissions in experiments. The rupture process accelerates such that the size of breaking avalanches increases while the waiting time between consecutive events decreases toward failure. Record events are defined as bursts which have a larger size than all previous events in the time series. We analyze the statistics of records focusing on the limit of equal load sharing (ELS) of the model and compare the results to the record statistics of sequences of independent identically distributed random variables. Computer simulations revealed that the number ...
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Kohortenstudie "Fluoroquinolones collagen adverse events, 2015": 2.1% tendon ruptures - Fluorchinolone-Forum
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The RA4 rupture disks (bursting discs) are designs to cover the majority of low pressure rupture disk (bursting disc) applications and are designed to be used in the RAH Pre-Torque holder.. Sizes from 1" - 12". Burst Ratings from 2 to 40 psig. Mounts into the RAH Pre-Torque Holder. OPTIONS / ACCESSORIES : TFE liners are available to provide protection from corrosive media. ...
Disrupture [ DISRUPTURE, v.t. [dis and rupture.] To rend; to sever by tearing, ... ] :: Search the 1828 Noah Webster's...
Post-operative hamstring rupture rehabilitation protocol - Urheiluortopedi Lasse Lempainen
Call for "rupture now" by the Political Secretariat & Central Committee of Syriza | lazycat1984
Prominent members of the Central Committee and the Political Secretariat of Syriza are preparing an event for tomorrow, Tuesday 19 of May. Speakers and participants in the event include: Antonis Davellos (SYRIZA Political Secretariat), John Millios (SYRIZA Central Committee), Sofi Papadogianni (SYRIZA Political Secretariat), Panos Lambrou (SYRIZA Political Secretariat), George Sapounas (SYRIZA Central Committee). Quoting from the event description, as well as the title of the invitation-pamphlet, the message of the event seems quite clear: "the only way out [of the impasse] is the choice of rupture with the lenders." Read the announcement for the event below.. ...
Rupture and recoil of bent-core liquid crystal filaments - Soft Matter (RSC Publishing)
The recoil process of free-standing liquid crystal filaments is investigated experimentally and theoretically. We focus on two aspects, the contraction speed of the filament and a spontaneously formed undulation instability. At the moment of rupture, the filaments buckle similarly to the classical Euler buck Liquid crystals Open access articles from Soft Matter
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What Will Be The Causes Of Achilles Tendon Rupture - Tracy Reele
An Achilles tendon rupture, also known as an Achilles tendon tear, is the snapping or pulling apart of the Achilles tendon into two pieces. Achilles tendon ruptures can be full ruptures or partial ruptures. A physician may be required to distinguish between acute Achilles tendinosis and a partial Achilles tendon rupture. Tennis Leg is a rupture of the connection between the calf muscle and the Achilles tendon. Achilles tendonitis is an inflammation of the Achilles tendon: it is much less common than, but often confused with, Achilles tendinosis. Achilles tendons can also be lacerated or crushed. Causes The Achilles tendon can grow weak and thin with age and lack of use. Then it becomes prone to injury or rupture. Achilles tendon rupture is more common in those with preexisting tendinitis of the Achilles tendon. Certain illnesses (such as arthritis and diabetes) and medications (such as corticosteroids and some antibiotics, including quinolones such as levofloxacin [Levaquin] and ciprofloxacin ...
Plaster cast versus functional bracing for Achilles tendon rupture: the UKSTAR RCT. - CLAHRC
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendon rupture affects | 11,000 people each year in the UK, leading to prolonged periods away from work, sports and social activities. Traditionally, the ruptured tendon is held still in a plaster cast for ≥ 8 weeks. Functional bracing is an alternative treatment that allows patients to mobilise earlier, but there is little evidence about how bracing affects patients recovery. OBJECTIVES: To measure the Achilles Tendon Rupture Score, quality of life, complications and resource use of patients receiving non-operative treatment for an Achilles tendon rupture treated with plaster cast compared with those treated with functional bracing. DESIGN: This was a multicentre, randomised, pragmatic, two-group superiority trial. SETTING: The setting was 39 NHS hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 540 adult patients treated non-operatively for Achilles tendon rupture were randomised from July 2016 to May 2018. Exclusion criteria included presenting after 14 days, having had previous rupture and
High rate of return to sport seen after nonoperative treatment of acute Achilles tendon ruptures
Orthopaedics Today Europe | CHICAGO — According to a presenter at the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society Annual Meeting, nonoperative treatment of acute Achilles tendon ruptures yielded good functional outcomes, high patient satisfaction and a high return-to-sport rate.“Two-third of patents were able to return to high levels activity and [this was] more than 90% in the low-level [activity]
Achilles tendon rupture | Article about Achilles tendon rupture by The Free Dictionary
Look Evaluation of Calf Muscular Function During the Recovery Phase After the Repair of an Achilles Tendon Rupture
Abstract: Using Tensiomyography we evaluated a patient that had Achilles tendon rupture surgery. The contralateral normal side measurements were also performed for evaluation and comparison of the site of injury.. The occurrence of Achilles tendon rupture happens in 2% of the population per year. In recent years there has been an increased interest in middle-aged and older patients in physical conditioning and joining in with athletic activities. There are two types of Achilles tendon ruptures. One is from direct trauma and another from indirect causes. Indirect causes are more frequent and result from a combination of mechanical stress and degeneration. Achilles tendon operation results are affected by several factors like age, muscle-tendon flexibility, strength, rupture site, etc. The factors that interest us most are muscle-tendon flexibility and strength of the calf muscle. TMG can evaluate the function of skeletal muscle through contraction time (Tc), maximal displacement (Dm), and other ...
Achilles Tendon Rupture Treatment, Treatment for Achilles Tendon Rupture - View Doctors, Book Appointment, Consult Online
Partial midportion Achilles tendon ruptures: new sonographic findings helpful for diagnosis.
BACKGROUND: Partial Achilles tendon ruptures are not always easy to diagnose. A history including a sudden onset of pain, and/or relative weakness in plantar flexion force, are indicators. The most loaded side of the Achilles tendon is the dorsal side (skin side). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ultrasound (US) and Doppler (CD) findings in patients with a suspected partial rupture in the Achilles tendon. Material and METHODS: Seventeen patients (16 men and 1 woman) with a mean age of 36 years (range 23-71) were examined clinically and by US+CD because of midportion Achilles tendon pain. There was an acute onset in 14/17 patients, and all had painful weakness during tendon loading activity. RESULTS: In all patients the US examination showed a partial Achilles tendon rupture, presented as a disrupted dorsal (skin side) tendon line and an irregular tendon structure mainly located in the dorsal and mid-tendon. The size of the rupture varied from 1/3 to 2/3 of the tendon thickness. In the dorsal part of ...
Achilles Tendon Rupture - Podiatrist in Kalispell, MT
In diagnosing an Achilles tendon rupture, the foot and ankle surgeon will ask questions about how and when the injury occurred and whether the patient has previously injured the tendon or experienced similar symptoms. The surgeon will examine the foot and ankle, feeling for a defect in the tendon that suggests a tear. Range of motion and muscle strength will be evaluated and compared to the uninjured foot and ankle. If the Achilles tendon is ruptured, the patient will have less strength in pushing down (as on a gas pedal) and will have difficulty rising on the toes.. The diagnosis of an Achilles tendon rupture is typically straightforward and can be made through this type of examination. In some cases, however, the surgeon may order an MRI or other advanced imaging tests.. Treatment ...
Pathogenesis of Spontaneous Failure of Cranial Cruciate Ligament in the Dog - WSAVA2004 - VIN
INTRODUCTION. Injuries of the Cranial Cruciate Ligament (CrCL) of the stifle are a common clinical finding in dogs of any breed, age and weight. CrCL injuries are consisting of partial tears and of complete rupture. Partial tears are associated to short term and self limiting acute lameness, evolving in chronic grade 1 lameness, usually underestimated and leading to complete rupture after a variable time. The cranial tibial thrust associated to the tibial slope and the weight bearing forces has been demonstrated to be responsible of the continuous stress on the damaged ligament leading to its complete rupture.. CrCL complete rupture is clinically associated to acute grade 3 lameness and can be a consequence of a chronic tear or it can be associated to a recent acute trauma, usually consisting of stifle hyperextension and internal rotation, the same condition leading to traumatic partial tears when of less amount.. When CrCL complete rupture is a evolution of partial tears the radiographic ...
A systematic review of patient-reported outcome measures used to assess Achilles tendon rupture management: what's being used...
Currently, there is no consensus regarding the optimal management for patients following an Achilles tendon rupture. To allow comparisons between different treatments, a universally accepted outcome measure is required. However, there are currently a range of these reported within the literature.To recommend the most suitable patient-reported outcome measure for the assessment of patients following an Achilles tendon rupture, based on a systematic review of first what is currently used and second evidence of validity.The electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE and AMED were searched up to September 2010. Predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied to identify what outcome measures are reported in the literature. Aspects of validity were defined and a checklist used to determine which aspects have been evaluated.Twenty-one outcome measures in 50 research papers were identified. The most commonly used was the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society hind-foot score. Of the 21 outcome measures
Achilles Tendon Ruptures
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Quantitative review of operative and nonoperative management of achilles tendon ruptures. | Archivio della ricerca dell...
BACKGROUND: There is no consensus on the best method for management of acute Achilles tendon ruptures. Individual preferences, drawn from experience and study, determine whether treatment is operative or nonoperative. PURPOSE: Our goal was to review the literature to try to determine what management method was the most popular and effective. We wanted to ascertain the best results in terms of complication rates and patient outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of retrospectively and prospectively collected data. METHODS: We analyzed 125 articles in peer-reviewed journals for year of publication, patient numbers, sex, management method, follow-up complications, and patient satisfaction. Each article was graded using a validated methods score. Methods, patient satisfaction, and complication rates were correlated with the year each article was published. RESULTS: Skin-healing complications were lowest in conservatively managed patients (3 of 578, 0.5%) and highest in open repair and ...
Compression Treatment Effects on Complications and Healing of Achilles Tendon Rupture - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov
This prospective randomized study aims to determine whether intermittent pneumatic compression (IPC), 75 patients, beneath functional bracing compared to treatment-as-usual in plaster cast, 75 patients, can reduce the Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) incidence and promote healing of sutured acute Achilles tendon ruptures.. At two weeks post surgery, the IPC intervention will be ended and both patient groups will be immobilized in an orthosis until follow-up at six weeks.. The endpoint of the first part of the study is VTE events. The primary outcome will be the DVT-incidence at two weeks, assessed using screening compression duplex ultrasound (CDU) by two ultrasonographers masked to the treatment allocation. Secondary outcome will be the DVT-incidence at 6 weeks.. 1) Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) detected by CDU , 2) isolated calf muscle vein thrombosis (ICMVT) detected by CDU, 3) symptomatic DVT or ICMVT detected by CDU, 4) symptomatic pulmonary embolism detected by computer tomography.. The endpoint ...
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Achilles Tendon Partial Rupture Rehabilitation ProtocolSolving Foot Concerns
Solving Foot Concerns. Overview An Achilles tendon rupture, or tear, is a common condition. This typically occurs in the unconditioned individual who sustains the rupture while playing sports, or perhaps, from tripping. There is a vigorous contraction of the muscle and the tendon tears. Causes The Achilles tendon is most commonly injured by sudden plantarflexion or dorsiflexion of the ankle, or by forced dorsiflexion of the ankle outside its normal range of motion. Other mechanisms by which the Achilles can be torn involve sudden direct trauma to the tendon, or sudden activation of the Achilles after atrophy from prolonged periods of inactivity. Some other common tears can occur from overuse while participating in intense sports. Twisting or jerking motions can also contribute to injury. Fluoroquinolone antibiotics, famously ciprofloxacin, are known to increase the risk of tendon rupture, particularly achilles. Symptoms Symptoms of an Achilles tendon rupture include sensation that someone or something
Acute Achilles tendon rupture | British Journal of Sports Medicine
This is one of a series of occasional articles highlighting conditions that may be more common than many doctors realise or may be missed at first presentation. The series advisers are Anthony Harnden, professor of primary care, Department of Primary Care Health Sciences, University of Oxford, and Richard Lehman, general practitioner, Banbury. To suggest a topic for this series, please email us at [email protected] ...
Acute Achilles tendon rupture | The BMJ
For research papers The BMJ has fully open peer review. This means that accepted research papers submitted from September 2014 onwards usually have their prepublication history posted alongside them on thebmj.com.. This prepublication history comprises all previous versions of the manuscript, the study protocol (submitting the protocol is mandatory for all clinical trials and encouraged for all other studies at The BMJ), the report from the manuscript committee meeting, the reviewers comments, and the authors responses to all the comments from reviewers and editors.. In rare instances we determine after careful consideration that we should not make certain portions of the prepublication record publicly available. For example, in cases of stigmatised illnesses we seek to protect the confidentiality of reviewers who have these illnesses. In other instances there may be legal or regulatory considerations that make it inadvisable or impermissible to make available certain parts of the ...
Partial Injuries of Cranial Cruciate Ligament: Diagnosis and Treatment - WSAVA2004 - VIN
PATHOPHYSIOLOGY. Cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) injuries occur both as partial and as complete rupture. The ethiology of CrCL injures is traumatic and non traumatic. CrCL injuries of traumatic origin are caused by forced hyperextension and or internal torsion of the stifle; high impact trauma causes the complete rupture of the ligament, while less intense trauma causes partial rupture. Partial rupture usually evolves with time in complete rupture, because of the joint inflammation, of weakening of the ligament and of altered biomechanics imbalance that enhances the cranial tibial thrust. CrCL of non-traumatic origin are caused by a chronic biomechanics imbalance of the forces acting on the CrCL as it is seen in large breed dogs, in overweight dogs, in bowlegged dogs and in dogs with straight rear leg conformation and open knee angle in standing and walking. In these dogs the cranial tibial thrust caused by the forces acting on the slope of the tibial plateau continuously stresses the CrCL and ...
Acute traumatic diaphragmatic ruptures a retrospective study of 48 cases
Purpose. Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture (TDR) is associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality, and the preoperative diagnosis is diffi cult. Methods. Forty-eight patients with TDR were treated in our department between January 2000 and May 2009. The cause, location, size of rupture, associated morbidity and mortality, surgical material for repair, and predictive factors for overall outcome were evaluated. Results. There were 41 male patients (85%) and 7 female patients (15%) with a mean age of 33.8 years (range 17-69 years). Blunt trauma accounted for the injuries of 15 patients (31%) and 33 patients (68%) had penetrating injuries. The diagnosis was preoperatively established in 12 patients (25%) with a plain chest X-ray or/and computed tomography. The location of rupture was on the left side of the diaphragm in 35 patients (73%), on the right side in 10 (21%), and was bilateral in 3 patients (6%). Traumatic diaphragmatic rupture was repaired with interrupted nonabsorbable sutures or ...
Coronary artery rupture | definition of coronary artery rupture by Medical dictionary
Achilles tendon rupture - a diagnosis not to be missed<...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Achilles tendon rupture - a diagnosis not to be missed. AU - Rooney, Daire. AU - Heron, Neil. PY - 2020/11/6. Y1 - 2020/11/6. N2 - The Achilles tendon (AT) is the largest tendon in the human body, connecting the gastrocnemius, soleus and plantaris muscles to the calcaneus. Together with these muscles, the AT causes plantarflexion of the foot at the ankle joint and flexion at the knee, which are vital functions within the gait cycle. The AT also prevents excessive dorsiflexion of the foot. Whilst AT rupture presentations are more commonly seen in the emergency department, it is still frequently seen in general practice, particularly delayed presentations and missed diagnoses. This is anticipated to increase further, especially following the recent COVID-19 pandemic and as people return to sport following a lengthy lay-off. Despite an awareness of the seriousness of this injury, many clinicians are unaware of how it presents and how best to manage the patient. This article will ...
ankle joint | SSOC Medical Centre
WHAT IS ACHILLES TENDON RUPTURE?. Achilles tendon rupture is where the large tendon in the back of the ankle ruptures.. HOW IS ACHILLES TENDON RUPTURE DIAGNOSED?. There is a sudden pain behind the ankle. Physical examination shows a gap in the tendon and squeezing the calf muscle does not result in movement of the foot.. X-rays are usually performed to evaluate for other possible conditions. A MRI scan is needed to evaluate for the severity of the tear within the tendon.. WHAT ARE THE CAUSES?. Rupture most commonly occurs during recreational sports that require bursts of jumping, pivoting, and running. Most often these are tennis, racquetball, basketball, and badminton. The injury can also happen due to sudden trip, stumble or fall from a significant height.. HOW TO PREVENT ACHILLES TENDON RUPTURE?. Stretch the Achilles tendon before exercise, even at the start of the day helps to maintain flexibility in the ankle joint. Problems with foot mechanics can also be treated with devices inserted into ...
Achilles Tendon Rupture | Foot and Ankle | Conditions Treated
Achilles Tendon Rupture | newyork foot care services
PatEdu.com : Achilles Tendon Rupture
Achilles Tendon Rupture - An Introduction and Overview
Arthroscopy and Orthopedic Sports Medicine
The incidence of Achilles tendon ruptures has risen with the increase in the level of sports activity of the average individual. An Achilles tendon rupture is generally diagnosed on the basis of clinical findings, sometimes in conjunction with ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging tests. The treatment of Achilles tendon ruptures is broadly divided into surgical treatment and conservative treatment, and the gold standard treatment remains a controversial issue. The surgical treatment of Achilles tendon ruptures has been reported to be associated with a lower re-tear rate and thus has been the conventional choice of treatment, in particular the direct repair for its ability to restore muscle strength. But recently percutaneous repairs and minimally invasive methods have become more widespread. And the previously undervalued functional rehabilitation such as early weight-bearing and postoperative joint exercises has gained greater importance for their capacity to restore tendon function ...
Immediate full-weight-bearing mobilisation for repaired Achilles tendon ruptures: a pilot study. - Nuffield Department of...
Recent experimental and clinical evidence suggests that early loading and mobilisation for Achilles tendon ruptures may improve functional outcomes. This paper presents the results of a pilot study designed to assess the safety of immediate weight-bearing mobilisation. Twenty-eight operatively repaired patients were randomised to either immediate loading in an orthosis or traditional serial plaster casting. An independent observer, blinded to treatment, assessed the results. Improved clinical, anthropometric, and functional outcomes were noted in the immediate loading group. Ultrasound assessment confirmed no deleterious effects upon the tenodesis. There was one re-rupture of the tendon at a minimum follow-up of 1 year.
Imaging modalities in the diagnosis and monitoring of Achilles tendon ruptures - Research database - University of Groningen
Objective: To determine the role of imaging in the diagnosis and monitoring of the Achilles tendon rupture (ATR).. Study design: Systematic review.. Data sources: PubMed and EMBASE in November 2016.. Eligibility criteria: Clinical studies providing information on the methods and role of imaging in the diagnosis and monitoring of the ATR were included.. Results: Fifty-six studies were included, most concerning the use of ultrasound (n = 37) or MRI (n = 18). Seven studies provided data on the diagnostic accuracy of imaging. Most ultrasound studies used a 7.5 MHz probe (19/32 studies) and scanned the patient bilaterally in prone position, with recent studies tending to use higher frequency probes (r = 0.42). Sensitivity [for detecting a rupture] ranged from 79.6 to 100%; the spread in specificity was large but two studies showed perfect (100%) data. Negative and positive likelihood ratios ranged from 0 to 0.23 and 1.0 to 10 respectively.. MRI examination was generally performed with 1.5 Tesla (T) ...
Achilles Tendon Rupture - Balmain physio and sports chiropractic
Achilles Tendon Rupture | Doctors Hospital
Achilles Tendon Rupture Test - Diagnosis and Testing the Injury
Evaluation of Long Term Therapy Outcomes for Achilles Tendon Ruptures - Polish Journal of Surgery - Volume 79, Issue 6 (2007) -...
The aim of the study was to assess the results of treatment for partial and complete Achilles tendon ruptures.Material and methods. We evaluated 94 patients suffering from the injury (61 males and 33 females) with an average age of 43.8.Results. The most common mechanism of injury was sport-related (57 participants) or walking-related overstraining (32 participants). 81 patients underwent surgical procedures. In 77 patients, Kessler's suture was used and in 12 patients, transplantation of iliotibial tract was performed. A group of 13 patients underwent a conservative therapy. Plantar flexion immobilization was used for 3 months (constant immobilization for 6 weeks) in all groups. Every patient underwent rehabilitation following surgery. The follow up period was 2.5 years. 85 patients fully recovered lower limb function. In 9 patients, complications were noted: 4 had flexor contractions in the ankle joint requiring further treatment, 2 patients suffered from reoccurrence of tears, and 2 had ...
Achilles Tendon Rupture - Best Foot Surgeon in NYC
Achilles Tendon Rupture Houston | Dupuytrens Contracture | Ankle Surgery Houston
Achilles tendon rupture - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clinic
Achilles tendon rupture | Ankle minimally invasive surgery. Foot surgery: Treatment in Switzerland, Basel hospitals on...
How To Address The Neglected Achilles Tendon Rupture | Podiatry Today
Achilles Tendon Rupture
Know the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Rupture | Family Foot & Ankle
Achilles Tendon Rupture: Should I Have Surgery?
Post-enquiry forensic engineering - two-stage rupture of bypass. The enquiry noted the existence of a small tear in a ... 4.1.1 Post-enquiry forensic engineering - two-stage rupture of bypass. *4.1.2 Post-enquiry forensic engineering - the 'water ... The HSE website currently (2014) says "During the late afternoon on 1 June 1974 a 20 inch bypass system ruptured, which may ...
Rupture dynamics. A tectonic earthquake begins by an initial rupture at a point on the fault surface, a process known as ... Rupture propagation is generally modeled using a fracture mechanics approach, likening the rupture to a propagating mixed mode ... The maximum observed lengths of ruptures and mapped faults (which may break in a single rupture) are approximately 1,000 km ( ... The longest earthquake ruptures on strike-slip faults, like the San Andreas Fault (1857, 1906), the North Anatolian Fault in ...
Thami El Glaoui
Rupture. Unintentional perforation (rupture) has been described in blast injuries and air travel, typically in ... Rupture or perforation of the eardrum can lead to conductive hearing loss. Collapse or retraction of the eardrum can cause ... The pressure of fluid in an infected middle ear onto the eardrum may cause it to rupture. Usually this consists of a small hole ... The Bajau people of the Pacific intentionally rupture their eardrums at an early age to facilitate diving and hunting at sea. ...
The word tachycardia came to English from New Latin as a neoclassical compound built from the combining forms tachy- + -cardia, which are from the Greek ταχύς tachys, "quick, rapid" and καρδία, kardia, "heart". As a matter both of usage choices in the medical literature and of idiom in natural language, the words tachycardia and tachyarrhythmia are usually used interchangeably, or loosely enough that precise differentiation is not explicit. Some careful writers have tried to maintain a logical differentiation between them, which is reflected in major medical dictionaries and major general dictionaries. The distinction is that tachycardia be reserved for the rapid heart rate itself, regardless of cause, physiologic or pathologic (that is, from healthy response to exercise or from cardiac arrhythmia), and that tachyarrhythmia be reserved for the pathologic form (that is, an arrhythmia of the rapid rate type). This is why five of the previously referenced ...
Anticoagulation can be used to reduce the risk of stroke from AF. Anticoagulation is recommended in most people other than those at low risk of stroke or those at high risk of bleeding. The risk of falls and consequent bleeding in frail elderly people should not be considered a barrier to initiating or continuing anticoagulation since the risk of fall-related brain bleeding is low and the benefit of stroke prevention often outweighs the risk of bleeding. Similarly, the presence or absence of AF symptoms does not determine whether a person warrants anticoagulation and is not an indicator of stroke risk. Oral anticoagulation is underused in atrial fibrillation, while aspirin is overused in many who should be treated with a direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) or warfarin. In 2019, DOACs were often recommended over warfarin by the American Heart Association. The risk of stroke from non-valvular AF can be estimated using the CHA2DS2-VASc score. In the 2019 AHA/ACC/HRS ...
LGL syndrome is diagnosed in a person who has experienced episodes of abnormal heart racing (arrhythmias) who has a PR interval less than or equal to 0.12 second (120 ms) with normal QRS complex configuration and duration on their resting ECG. A short PR interval found incidentally on an ECG without episodes of tachycardia is simply a benign ECG variant. LGL can be distinguished from WPW syndrome because the delta waves seen in WPW syndrome are not seen in LGL syndrome. The QRS complex will also be narrow in LGL syndrome, as opposed to WPW, because ventricular conduction is via the His-Purkinje system. Lown-Ganong-Levine syndrome is a clinical diagnosis that came about before the advent of electrophysiology studies. It is important to be aware that not all WPW ECGs have a delta wave; the absence of a delta wave does not conclusively rule out WPW. ...
Premature junctional contraction
... s (PJCs), also called atrioventricular junctional premature complexes or junctional extrasystole, are premature cardiac electrical impulses originating from the atrioventricular node of the heart or "junction". This area is not the normal but only a secondary source of cardiac electrical impulse formation. These premature beats can be found occasionally in healthy people and more commonly in some pathologic conditions, typically in the case of drug cardiotoxicity, electrolyte imbalance, mitral valve surgery, and cold water immersion. If more than two such beats are seen, then the condition is termed junctional rhythm. On the surface ECG, premature junctional contractions will appear as a normally shaped ventricular complex or QRS complex, not preceded by any atrial complex or P wave or preceded by an abnormal P wave with a shorter PR interval. Rarely, the abnormal P wave can follow the QRS. ...
After any PVC there is a pause that can lead to the development of bigeminy. A PVC wavefront often encounters a refractory AV node that does not conduct the wavefront retrograde. Thus the atrium is not depolarized and the sinus node is not reset. Since the sinus p wave to PVC interval is less than the normal P-P interval, the interval between the PVC and the next p wave is prolonged to equal the normal time elapsed during two P-P intervals. This is called a "compensatory" pause. The pause after the PVC leads to a longer recovery time, which is associated with a higher likelihood of myocardium being in different stages of repolarization. This then allows for re-entrant circuits and sets up the ventricle for another PVC after the next sinus beat. The constant interval between the sinus beat and PVC suggests a reentrant etiology rather than spontaneous automaticity of the ventricle. Atrial premature complexes (APCs) do not have a compensatory pause since they reset the sinus node but atrial ...
ICD-10 Chapter IX: Diseases of the circulatory system
I71.8) Aortic aneurysm of unspecified site, ruptured. *(I71.9) Aortic aneurysm of unspecified site, without mention of rupture ... I23.3) Rupture of cardiac wall without haemopericardium as current complication following acute myocardial infarction ... I23.4) Rupture of chordae tendineae as current complication following acute myocardial infarction ... I23.5) Rupture of papillary muscle as current complication following acute myocardial infarction ...
The general cause of cardiac amyloidosis is misfolding of a specific protein precursor depending on the amyloidosis type. Protein precursors include immunoglobulin-derived light chains and transthyretin mutations. The misfolding of the protein causes it to have insoluble beta-pleated sheets, creating an amyloid. Amyloid, the aggregation, or clumping, of proteins, is resistant to degradation by the body. Amyloids are mostly fibrils, while also containing a P component, apolipoprotein, collagen, fibronectin, and laminin. The P component, a pentameric protein, stabilizes the fibrils of the amyloid, which reduces their clearance from the body. Deposits of the amyloids can occur through out of the body, including the heart, liver, kidneys, spleen, adrenal glands, and bones. Deposits in the extracellular cardiac space can stiffen the heart, resulting in restriction of the ventricles. ...
Left posterior fascicular block
Surawicz B, Childers R, Deal BJ, Gettes LS, Bailey JJ, Gorgels A, Hancock EW, Josephson M, Kligfield P, Kors JA, Macfarlane P, Mason JW, Mirvis DM, Okin P, Pahlm O, Rautaharju PM, van Herpen G, Wagner GS, Wellens H (2009). "AHA/ACCF/HRS recommendations for the standardization and interpretation of the electrocardiogram: part III: intraventricular conduction disturbances: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Electrocardiography and Arrhythmias Committee, Council on Clinical Cardiology; the American College of Cardiology Foundation; and the Heart Rhythm Society. Endorsed by the International Society for Computerized Electrocardiology". J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 53 (11): 976-81. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2008.12.013. PMID 19281930 ...
An ectopic pacemaker or ectopic focus is an excitable group of cells that causes a premature heart beat outside the normally functioning SA node of the heart. It is thus a cardiac pacemaker that is ectopic, producing an ectopic beat. Acute occurrence is usually non-life-threatening, but chronic occurrence can progress into tachycardia, bradycardia or ventricular fibrillation. In a normal heart beat rhythm, the SA node usually suppresses the ectopic pacemaker activity due to the higher impulse rate of the SA node. However, in the instance of either a malfunctioning SA node or an ectopic focus bearing an intrinsic rate superior to SA node rate, ectopic pacemaker activity may take over the natural heart rhythm. This phenomenon (an intrinsically slower pacemaker activity being unmasked by failure of faster pacemaker tissue 'upstream') is called an escape rhythm, the lower rhythm having escaped from the dominance of the upper rhythm. As a rule, premature ectopic beats (i.e. with a shorter ...
Premature atrial contraction
... s (PACs), also known as atrial premature complexes (APC) or atrial premature beats (APB), are a common cardiac dysrhythmia characterized by premature heartbeats originating in the atria. While the sinoatrial node typically regulates the heartbeat during normal sinus rhythm, PACs occur when another region of the atria depolarizes before the sinoatrial node and thus triggers a premature heartbeat. The exact cause of PACs is unclear; while several predisposing conditions exist, PACs commonly occur in healthy young and elderly people. Elderly people that get PACs usually don't need any further attention besides follow ups due to unclear evidence. PACs are often completely asymptomatic and may be noted only with Holter monitoring, but occasionally they can be perceived as a skipped beat or a jolt in the chest. In most cases, no treatment other than reassurance is needed for PACs, although medications such as beta blockers can reduce the frequency of symptomatic ...
Coronary artery disease
... (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD), refers to a group of diseases which includes stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death. It is within the group of cardiovascular diseases of which it is the most common type. A common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw. Occasionally it may feel like heartburn. Usually symptoms occur with exercise or emotional stress, last less than a few minutes, and improve with rest. Shortness of breath may also occur and sometimes no symptoms are present. In many cases, the first sign is a heart attack. Other complications include heart failure or an abnormal heartbeat. Risk factors include high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood cholesterol, poor diet, depression, and excessive alcohol. The underlying mechanism involves reduction of blood flow and oxygen to the ...
Multifocal atrial tachycardia
MAT usually arises because of an underlying medical condition. Its prevalence has been estimated at about 3 per 1000 in adult hospital inpatients and is much rarer in paediatric practice; it is more common in the elderly, and its management and prognosis are both those of the underlying diagnosis. It is mostly common in patients with lung disorders, but it can occur after acute myocardial infarction and can also occur in the setting of low blood potassium or low blood magnesium. It is sometimes associated with digitalis toxicity in patients with heart disease. It is most commonly associated with hypoxia and COPD. Additionally, it can be caused by theophylline toxicity, a drug with a narrow therapeutic index commonly used to treat COPD. Theophylline can cause a number of different abnormal heart rhythms when in excess, and thus further predisposes COPD patients to MAT. Theophylline toxicity often occurs following acute or chronic overtreatment or factors lowering its clearance from the ...
... refers to an underlying process that causes inflammation and injury of the heart. It does not refer to inflammation of the heart as a consequence of some other insult. Many secondary causes, such as a heart attack, can lead to inflammation of the myocardium and therefore the diagnosis of myocarditis cannot be made by evidence of inflammation of the myocardium alone. Myocardial inflammation can be suspected on the basis of electrocardiographic (ECG) results, elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) and/or erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and increased IgM (serology) against viruses known to affect the myocardium. Markers of myocardial damage (troponin or creatine kinase cardiac isoenzymes) are elevated. The ECG findings most commonly seen in myocarditis are diffuse T wave inversions; saddle-shaped ST-segment elevations may be present (these are also seen in pericarditis). The gold standard is the biopsy of the myocardium, in general done in the setting of angiography. A ...
First-line therapy for people with heart failure due to reduced systolic function should include angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors (ACE-I) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) if the person develops a long term cough as a side effect of the ACE-I. Use of medicines from this class is associated with improved survival and quality of life in people with heart failure.. Beta-adrenergic blocking agents (beta blockers) also form part of the first line of treatment, adding to the improvement in symptoms and mortality provided by ACE-I/ARB. The mortality benefits of beta blockers in people with systolic dysfunction who also have atrial fibrillation (AF) is more limited than in those who do not have AF. If the ejection fraction is not diminished (HFpEF), the benefits of beta blockers is more modest; a decrease in mortality has been observed but reduction in hospital admission for uncontrolled symptoms has not been observed.. In people who are intolerant of ACE-I ...
Bingham Canyon Mine
Tricuspid valve stenosis
A mild diastolic murmur can be heard during auscultation caused by the blood flow through the stenotic valve. It is best heard over the left sternal border with rumbling character and tricuspid opening snap with wide-splitting S1. It may increase in intensity with inspiration (Carvallo's sign). The diagnosis will typically be confirmed by an echocardiograph, which will also allow the physician to assess its severity. ...
... is a type of heart rhythm problem in which the heart's electrical impulse comes from an ectopic pacemaker (that is, an abnormally located cardiac pacemaker) in the upper chambers (atria) of the heart, rather than from the sinoatrial node, the normal origin of the heart's electrical activity. Atrial tachycardias can exhibit very regular (consistent) heart rates ranging typically from 140 to 220 beats per minute. As with any other form of tachycardia (rapid heart beat), the underlying mechanism can be either the rapid discharge of an abnormal focus, the presence of a ring of cardiac tissue that gives rise to a circle movement (reentry), or a triggered rapid rhythm due to other pathological circumstances (as would be the case with some drug toxicities, such as digoxin toxicity). Atrial tachycardia is a risk factor for atrial fibrillation, as the rapid rhythm can trigger or degrade into the lack of a rhythm. All atrial tachycardias are by definition supraventricular ...
Right ventricular hypertrophy
... (RVH) is a form of ventricular hypertrophy affecting the right ventricle. Blood travels through the right ventricle to the lungs via the pulmonary arteries. If conditions occur which decrease pulmonary circulation, meaning blood does not flow well from the heart to the lungs, extra stress can be placed on the right ventricle. This can lead to right ventricular hypertrophy. It can affect electrocardiography (ECG) findings. An ECG with right ventricular hypertrophy may or may not show a right axis deviation on the graph. ...
The vegetations are small and formed from strands of fibrin, neutrophils, lymphocytes, and histiocytes. The mitral valve is typically affected, and the vegetations occur on the ventricular and atrial surface of the valve. Libman-Sacks lesions rarely produce significant valve dysfunction and the lesions only rarely embolize. However, there is data to suggest an association between Libman-Sacks endocarditis and a higher risk for embolic cerebrovascular disease in people with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). ...
The morphology of the tachycardia depends on its cause and the origin of the re-entry electrical circuit in the heart. In monomorphic ventricular tachycardia, the shape of each heart beat on the ECG looks the same because the impulse is either being generated from increased automaticity of a single point in either the left or the right ventricle, or due to a reentry circuit within the ventricle. The most common cause of monomorphic ventricular tachycardia is scarring of the heart muscle from a previous myocardial infarction (heart attack). This scar cannot conduct electrical activity, so there is a potential circuit around the scar that results in the tachycardia. This is similar to the re-entrant circuits that are the cause of atrial flutter and the re-entrant forms of supraventricular tachycardia. Other rarer congenital causes of monomorphic VT include right ventricular dysplasia, and right and left ventricular outflow tract VT. Polymorphic ventricular tachycardia, on the other hand, is most ...
A vaginal birth after caesarean section (VBAC) confers a higher risk of uterine rupture (5 per 1,000), blood transfusion or ... However, there is an increased risk of abruptio placentae and uterine rupture in subsequent pregnancies for women who underwent ... hypertension in the mother or baby after amniotic rupture (the waters breaking) ... tachycardia in the mother or baby after amniotic rupture (the waters breaking) ...
esophageal rupture (Boerhaave syndrome). pH. Normal pleural fluid pH is approximately 7.60. A pleural fluid pH below 7.30 ... pancreatic pseudocyst that has dissected or ruptured into the pleural space, cancer or esophageal rupture. ... The main cause for chylothorax is rupture of the thoracic duct, most frequently as a result of trauma or malignancy (such as ...
5-1/4' Rupture Discs - Grainger Industrial Supply
Rupture Discs? Graingers got your back. Easy online ordering for the ones who get it done along with 24/7 customer service, ... Rupture discs provide rapid pressure relief to protect systems from damaging over-pressurization or vacuum conditions. ... 5-1/4 Rupture Discs 1 result found that include 10 products ...
Marsden Point pipeline rupture inquiry - Expert Reaction | Scoop News
The government has released the report of an inquiry into the fuel supply disruption caused by the rupture of a key pipeline in ... Marsden Point pipeline rupture inquiry - Expert Reaction. Tuesday, 17 September 2019, 9:13 am. Press Release: Science Media ... "The 2017 fuel rupture incident has brought into the focus the relative blasé and unprepared attitude of successive New Zealand ... The government has released the report of an inquiry into the fuel supply disruption caused by the rupture of a key pipeline in ...
Tendon Rupture (Ambulatory Care) - What You Need to Know
Care guide for Tendon Rupture (Ambulatory Care). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and ... Treatment for a tendon rupture. depends on which tendon you ruptured and how severe the rupture is. You may need any of the ... A tendon rupture. is a partial or complete tear of your tendon. Tendons are tough bands of tissue that attach your muscles to ... Manage a tendon rupture:. *Rest the injured tendon until pain and swelling have decreased. Ask your healthcare provider what ...
WFMU: Mudd Up! with DJ/Rupture: Playlist from August 1, 2011
E-mail DJ/Rupture , Other WFMU Playlists , All artists played by Mudd Up! with DJ/Rupture , Listen on the Internet , Contact Us ... Previous playlist , Back to Mudd Up! with DJ/Rupture playlists , Next playlist --, RSS feeds for Mudd Up! with DJ/Rupture: ... Mudd Up! with DJ/Rupture: Playlist from August 1, 2011 View DJ/Ruptures profile ... Previous playlist , Back to Mudd Up! with DJ/Rupture playlists , Next playlist --, ...
Partial rupture of the distal biceps tendon.
We report on 7 cases of partial rupture of the distal biceps tendon. The mean patient age was 52 years (range, 38-58 years). ... Rupture. Steroids / therapeutic use. Suture Techniques. Tendon Injuries / drug therapy, pathology, surgery*. Treatment Outcome ... We report on 7 cases of partial rupture of the distal biceps tendon. The mean patient age was 52 years (range, 38-58 years). ... 16195079 - Nonoperative treatment of achilles tendon rupture: 196 consecutive patients with a 7% r.... 9230969 - Long-term ...
Scientists ID Gene Linked to Artery Plaque Ruptures
Plaque Rupture | Blausen Medical
Rupture and recoil of bent-core liquid crystal filaments - Soft Matter (RSC Publishing)
At the moment of rupture, the filaments buckle similarly to the classical Euler buck Liquid crystals Open access articles from ... Rupture and recoil of bent-core liquid crystal filaments S. M. Salili, T. Ostapenko, O. Kress, C. Bailey, W. Weissflog, K. ... At the moment of rupture, the filaments buckle similarly to the classical Euler buckling of elastic rods. The tip velocity ...
How Does Capsule Rupture Affect Survival in Ovarian Cancer? | Cancer Network
... clear cell histologic subtype of stage I ovarian cancer is associated with a disproportionately high risk for capsule rupture ... Capsule rupture was found to be associated with decreased cause-specific survival. In those with clear-cell histology, a ... "Although intraoperative capsule rupture upstages a woman from stage IA or IB to IC1, the prognostic significance remains ... Capsule rupture also appears to have the most detrimental effect on survival in clear cell ovarian cancer. ...
Intraperitoneal bladder rupture | Radiology Case | Radiopaedia.org
Bladder rupture is uncommon. It typically follows significant trauma to the pelvis, for example following a RTA, assualt or a ... Q: Is intra or extraperitoneal bladder rupture more common? show answer A: Extraperitoneal rupture is more common accounting ... Bladder rupture is uncommon. It typically follows significant trauma to the pelvis, for example following a RTA, assualt or a ... A large volume of contrast is demonstrated in the abdominal cavity consistent with an intraperitoneal urinary bladder rupture. ...
Neointimal Cracks (Plaque Rupture?) and Thrombosis in Wrapped Arteries Without Flow | Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and...
Neointimal cracks (plaque rupture?) and thrombosis in wrapped arteries without flow. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2007: 27: ... Neointimal Cracks (Plaque Rupture?) and Thrombosis in Wrapped Arteries Without Flow. Christopher L. Jackson ... By this analysis, it is too early to reach a judgment about the relevance of the Sasaki model to human ruptured plaques. The ... Falk and colleagues raise a number of important issues regarding lesion formation and the modeling of plaque rupture in mice.1 ...
Tendon Ruptures | Orlando Orthopaedic Center
Patients who suffer tendon ruptures generally suffer agonizing pain and are at risk of permanent injury, if medical treatment ... A rupture of the Achilles tendon is one of the more common types of tendon ruptures. As the largest tendon in the human body, ... Tendon ruptures are fairly uncommon injuries. Patients who suffer tendon ruptures generally suffer agonizing pain and are at ... Treatment for a tendon rupture is dependent on the severity of the injury and the affected tendon. Ruptured tendons often ...
Lirias: [Traumatic rupture of the diaphragm: a diagnostic problem]
Traumatic aortic rupture - Wikipedia
Location of rupture. By far the most common site for tearing in traumatic aortic rupture is the proximal descending aorta ... Aortic rupture can also be caused by non-traumatic mechanisms, particularly abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture. ... Traumatic aortic rupture, also called traumatic aortic disruption or transection, is a condition in which the aorta, the ... Thus traumatic aortic rupture is a common killer in automotive accidents and other traumas, with up to 18% of deaths that ...
Rupture - Yahoo Search Results
Define rupture. rupture synonyms, rupture pronunciation, rupture translation, English dictionary definition of rupture. n. 1. ... Rupture , Definition of Rupture by Merriam-Webster. www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/rupture ... Rupture , Definition of Rupture at Dictionary.com. www.dictionary.com/browse/rupture ... Rupture , definition of rupture by Medical dictionary. medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/rupture ...
Specifically, watching Rupture you can feel the moment when the work of Chaplin and Keaton, always considered in the mainstream ... Bunuel even admitted that Carriere essentially wrote the formers memoir, My Last Sigh.) Rupture, then, is in many ways a first ... Conspicuously speechless, Rupture is rife with Tatiesque sound effects, subtly ker-splatting every tiny pratfall and object ... All of ten and a half minutes, Pierre Etaix and Jean-Claude Carrieres Rupture (1961) is as unassuming as cineastical, post- ...
Category:Biceps tendon rupture - Wikimedia Commons
Biceps tendon rupture (en); rupture du tendon du biceps (fr); Bizepssehnenruptur (de); Hauiksen repeämä (fi) Bizepssehnenriss ( ... Media in category "Biceps tendon rupture". The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. ... Retrieved from "https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Biceps_tendon_rupture&oldid=310835141" ...
Acute Achilles tendon rupture | The BMJ
The Rupture - LA Weekly
SOMEWHERE EN ROUTE FROM NOVEL TO FILM, BRUCE Wagners blistering leap for the Hollywood jugular, Im Losing You, changed shape and became heartfelt. Perhaps Wagner felt that The Player had already covered the satirical territory, or wanted to make a film that would have some appeal outside Bel Air, or...
Peters ruptures Achilles
Eagles tackle Jason Peters ruptured the Achilles tendon in his right leg and will have surgery next Tuesday, the team announced ... While the severity of the rupture is unknown, the injury typically takes six-nine months to recover from, if not longer. It ... Eagles tackle Jason Peters ruptured the Achilles tendon in his right leg and will have surgery next Tuesday, the team announced ... Eagles tackle Jason Peters ruptured his Achilles tendon and will have surgery next Tuesday. (Yong Kim/Staff File Photo) ...
RUPTURE follows Renee Morgan (Noomi Rapace), a single mom, who is deathly terrified of spiders. While in route to meet up with ... RUPTURE follows Renee Morgan (Noomi Rapace), a single mom, who is deathly terrified of spiders. While in route to meet up with ... Her captors explain to her that she has a genetic abnormality that can potentially allow her to "rupture" and reveal her alien ...
Pipeline rupture response challenged by winter freeze
Premature rupture of membranes: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
In most cases, these membranes rupture during labor or within 24 hours before starting labor. Premature rupture ... In most cases, these membranes rupture during labor or within 24 hours before starting labor. Premature rupture of the ... Premature rupture of the membranes. In: Resnick R, Lockwood CJ, Moore TR, Greene MF, Copel JA, Silver RM, eds. Creasy and ... Premature rupture of the membranes. In: Landon MB, Galan HL, Jauniaux ERM, et al, eds. Gabbes Obstetrics: Normal and Problem ...
Spontaneous Rupture of the Spleen | The BMJ
Choroidal Rupture: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology
Choroidal rupture can be secondary to indirect or direct trauma. ... Choroidal ruptures are breaks in the choroid, the Bruch ... Older age and macular rupture, the length of the rupture, and the distance of the rupture to the center of the fovea may be ... Most eyes have a single rupture, but up to 25% of eyes have multiple ruptures. About 80% of ruptures occur temporal to the disc ... These ruptures have a crescent shape and are concentric to the optic disc. Indirect choroidal ruptures are almost 4 times more ...
Globe Rupture: Background, Pathophysiology, Epidemiology
Globe rupture occurs when the integrity of the outer membranes of the eye is disrupted by blunt or penetrating trauma. Any full ... encoded search term (Globe Rupture) and Globe Rupture What to Read Next on Medscape ... Globe rupture typically occurs at a younger age in men (median age, 36 y) than in women (median age, 73 y).  ... Globe rupture occurs when the integrity of the outer membranes of the eye is disrupted by blunt or penetrating trauma. Any full ...
Free Wall Rupture
Synovial Cyst rupture
after cyst rupture, confirming rupture of the cyst.. IMPRESSION:. Successful left L5-S1 synovial cyst rupture and instillation ... cyst rupture.. TECHNIQUE: After obtaining informed, written consent,. the back is prepped, draped and anesthetized in sterile ... resistance, indicating cyst rupture. Following this, 1 mL of. preservative free Celestone was slowly injected into the joint. A ...
Rupture between USSR and China grows worse - HISTORY
Design, Building Errors Cited in Tank Rupture - latimes
Design and construction errors caused a water tank rupture that sent a 6-foot-high wall of water slamming into a townhouse ... WESTMINSTER - Design and construction errors caused a water tank rupture that sent a 6-foot-high wall of water slamming into a ... Also contributing to the rupture was the misplacement of a reinforcing steel tendon in an inner section of the circular ...
Identifying risk factors for uterine rupture. - PubMed - NCBI
Uterine rupture, whether in the setting of a prior uterine incision or in an unscarred uterus, is an obstetric emergency with ... This article reviews the data regarding these antepartum and intrapartum predictors for uterine rupture. The author hopes that ... Identifying risk factors for uterine rupture.. Smith JG1, Mertz HL, Merrill DC. ... Numerous studies have been published regarding various risk factors associated with uterine rupture. Despite the mounting data ...
Uterine Rupture: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
Uterine rupture is a serious childbirth complication that can occur during vaginal birth. Learn more about symptoms, causes, ... How is uterine rupture treated?. If a uterine rupture causes major blood loss, surgeons may need to remove a womans uterus to ... Can uterine rupture be prevented?. The only way to prevent uterine rupture is to have a cesarean delivery. It cant be fully ... How is uterine rupture diagnosed?. Uterine rupture happens suddenly and can be difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are ...
Graph Operations and Neighbor Rupture Degree
Y. Li, S. Zhang, and X. Li, "Rupture degree of graphs," International Journal of Computer Mathematics, vol. 82, no. 7, pp. 793- ... Graph Operations and Neighbor Rupture Degree. Saadet Kandİlcİ,1 Goksen Bacak-Turan,2 and Refet Polat1 ... G. Bacak-Turan and A. Kirlangic, "Neighbor rupture degree and the relations between other parameters," Ars Combinatoria, vol. ...
Cyst rupture or miscarriage? - Miscarriages - MedHelp
Cyst rupture or miscarriage?. I just lost my insurance, have a history of painful cysts (PCOS) and had my first healthy amazing ... I know my chat rupture cycle like the back of my hand & this felt different. I was actually worried I may be pregnant again a ... I know my chat rupture cycle like the back of my hand & this felt different. I was actually worried I may be pregnant again a ...
penile fracture? vein rupture? - Urology - MedHelp
Rupture of the deep dorsal vein? I think a complete rupture would have led to a lot of bleeding, and I would have seen my penis ... Rupture of the deep dorsal vein? I think a complete rupture would have led to a lot of bleeding, and I would have seen my penis ... penile fracture? vein rupture? atlantico After 22 days of bending of my penis, I am still trying to get a diagnosis. The thing ... penile fracture? vein rupture?. After 22 days of bending of my penis, I am still trying to get a diagnosis. The thing is that ...
4' Rupture Discs - Grainger Industrial Supply
Ammonia cylinder rupture shakes Marathon's Texas City refinery: sources | Reuters
Ruptured eardrum: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
A ruptured eardrum is an opening or hole in the eardrum. The eardrum is a thin piece of tissue that separates the outer and ... A ruptured eardrum is an opening or hole in the eardrum. The eardrum is a thin piece of tissue that separates the outer and ... Repair of the eardrum might be needed for larger holes or ruptures or if the eardrum does not heal on its own. This can be done ... If the eardrum is ruptured, the doctor will see an opening in it. The bones of the middle ear may also be visible. ...
Kidney Laceration (Rupture) | Treatment
... or rupture) occurs following a blunt impact to the lower back region. We discuss symptoms and treatment here. ... An abdominal strain is a tear or rupture of part of the abdominal muscles, usually at the point where it attaches to the pelvis ... A kidney laceration (or rupture) occurs following a blunt impact to the lower back region, whether its a fall or a physical ...
Uterine Rupture - Trip Database
Helping you find trustworthy answers on Uterine Rupture , Latest evidence made easy ... Find all the evidence you need on Uterine Rupture via the Trip Database. ... Outcomes of Uterine Rupture Outcomes of Uterine Rupture Outcomes of Uterine Rupture - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide ... Uterine Rupture Uterine Rupture Uterine Rupture Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal ...
Esophageal Rupture - Trip Database
Helping you find trustworthy answers on Esophageal Rupture , Latest evidence made easy ... Find all the evidence you need on Esophageal Rupture via the Trip Database. ... Spontaneous Rupture of the Åsophagus with Recovery Following Repair (Full text). Therapy Esophageal Perforation Humans Rupture ... Rupture of the Åsophagus (Full text). Rupture of the Åsophagus 14879327 2004 02 15 2018 12 01 0008-4409 65 5 1951 Nov ...
... , Uterine Scar Disruption, Rupture of Gravid Uterus, Rupture of Uterus During Labor. ... Rupture, Uterine, Ruptures, Uterine, Uterine Rupture, Uterine Ruptures, UTERINE RUPTURE, Ruptured uterus, rupture of uterus ( ... Rupture, Uterine rupture, Rupture of uterus (disorder), Rupture of uterus, rupture; uterus, uterus; rupture, Rupture of uterus ... Uterus rupture, Uterus ruptured, Uterine Rupture [Disease/Finding], uterine rupture, rupture uterus, uterus rupture, rupture ...
Tendon rupturesAcuteAchillesDiagnosisTendonsTraumaticProximal bicepsTrauma2017AbdominalZookSurgeryThrombosisBladder rupturePatientsDepends2019HeterogeneousBurstsPainSymptomsOccursPremature rupture oEnds of the ruptured tendonAchilles TendonPerforated EardrumAneurysmsSpleenPosteriorDescending aortaIncidenceUterine rupturesAssociated with uterine2016MembranesProne to ruptureNoomi Rapace2018Undergo surgeryInfectionSevereMiddle AgedTornCoronaryAntibioticsSecondaryCesareanRiskEardrum ruptureLigament RuptureSurgicallyComplicationsOphthalmologic emergencyCause of the ruptureSurgicalFree wall ruptureTearsDisruptionMedicallyTreatmentLeaks
- Tendon ruptures are fairly uncommon injuries. (orlandoortho.com)
- Patients who suffer tendon ruptures generally suffer agonizing pain and are at risk of permanent injury, if medical treatment in not sought immediately. (orlandoortho.com)
- At the Orlando Orthopaedic Center our board certified specialists offer personalized treatment plans for patients suffering from tendon ruptures. (orlandoortho.com)
- A rupture of the Achilles tendon is one of the more common types of tendon ruptures. (orlandoortho.com)
- Objectives Fluoroquinolone-associated tendon ruptures are a recognised complication, but other severe collagen-associated adverse events may also be possible. (fluorchinolone-forum.de)
- Primary outcome measures Severe collagen-associated adverse events defined as tendon ruptures, retinal detachments and aortic aneurysms diagnosed in hospital and emergency departments. (fluorchinolone-forum.de)
- Conclusions Fluoroquinolones are associated with subsequent tendon ruptures and may also contribute to aortic aneurysms. (fluorchinolone-forum.de)
- Ruptured tendons often require surgery. (orlandoortho.com)
- At the Orlando Orthopaedic Center our joint specialists treat patients with injuries of the joints including ruptured tendons. (orlandoortho.com)
- The below mentioned exercises for hamstring tendon rupture are focused on strengthening the hip and leg muscles eliminating the hamstring tendons. (epainassist.com)
- Leg press exercises will aid in strengthening the tendons for hamstring tendon rupture. (epainassist.com)
- Hamstring massage by foam roll can help in stretching the hamstring tendons for hamstring tendon rupture. (epainassist.com)
- Most individuals who rupture their hamstring tendons desire pick up full behavior after finishing the treatment plan. (epainassist.com)
- The government has released the report of an inquiry into the fuel supply disruption caused by the rupture of a key pipeline in September 2017. (scoop.co.nz)
- A section of the pipe that brings diesel, petrol and jet fuel from Marsden Point Oil Refinery to Auckland ruptured in September 2017, leaking jet fuel into several paddocks and halting fuel supply to Auckland Airport for 10 days, leading to flight cancellations and some petrol stations running out of fuel. (scoop.co.nz)
- The clear cell histologic subtype of stage I ovarian cancer is associated with a disproportionately high risk for capsule rupture during surgery compared with other histologies. (cancernetwork.com)
- The clear cell histologic subtype of stage I ovarian cancer is associated with a disproportionately high risk for capsule rupture during surgery compared with other histologies, according to the results of a new study 1 . (cancernetwork.com)
- A total of 7227 women had capsule rupture during surgery. (cancernetwork.com)
- online] Available at: https://journals.lww.com/greenjournal/Abstract/publishahead/Intraoperative_Capsule_Rupture,_Postoperative.97566.aspx [Accessed 22 Oct. (cancernetwork.com)
- Virabhadrasana or The warrior pose for hamstring tendon rupture is a strengthening yoga posture for knee that also assists people suffering from knee pain. (epainassist.com)
- Dhanurasana or The bow pose for hamstring tendon rupture unlocks the shoulders in addition to easing the knees of pain. (epainassist.com)
- The main symptoms of testicular rupture are scrotal swelling and severe pain, which can make diagnosis difficult. (wikipedia.org)
- Symptoms of myocardial rupture are recurrent or persistent chest pain, syncope, and distension of jugular vein. (wikipedia.org)
- Sudden death caused by a myocardial rupture is sometimes preceded by no symptoms. (wikipedia.org)
- Close attention will be paid to the symptoms of the rupture. (medlineplus.gov)
- What are the symptoms of uterine rupture? (healthline.com)
- A variety of symptoms are associated with uterine ruptures. (healthline.com)
- Uterine rupture happens suddenly and can be difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are often nonspecific. (healthline.com)
- Each type of tendon rupture has its own signs and symptoms and can be treated either surgically or medically depending on the severity of the rupture and the confidence of the surgeon. (webmd.com)
- What are the signs and symptoms of a ruptured eardrum? (medicinenet.com)
- Silicone implant rupture that doesn't cause any noticeable symptoms is known as "silent rupture. (breastcancer.org)
- It is usually diagnosed incidentally in imaging tests such as computed tomogram (CT) or by patient symptoms such as retroperitoneal hemorrhage due to tumor rupture. (urotoday.com)
- Yet the finding of a rupture was quite surprising in several of the patients: two had no symptoms of rupture, two had atypical symptoms, and one had a calcium score of zero. (auntminnie.com)
- Most aneurysms are discovered incidentally, since they hardly ever cause symptoms before rupturing,' she added. (health24.com)
- Type I myocardial rupture is an abrupt slit-like tear that generally occurs within 24 hours of an acute myocardial infarction. (wikipedia.org)
- Vision loss depends on whether the choroidal rupture involves the fovea and whether and where CNV occurs. (medscape.com)
- Globe rupture occurs when the integrity of the outer membranes of the eye is disrupted by blunt or penetrating trauma. (medscape.com)
- Globe rupture typically occurs at a younger age in men (median age, 36 y) than in women (median age, 73 y). (medscape.com)
- When a uterine rupture occurs, the uterus's contents - including the baby - may spill into the mother's abdomen. (healthline.com)
- However, fatal bleeding due to uterine rupture is rare when it occurs in a hospital. (healthline.com)
- A kidney laceration (or rupture) occurs following a blunt impact to the lower back region, whether it's a fall or a physical attack. (sportsinjuryclinic.net)
- Balloon rupture, although it occurs rarely, may lead to entrapment if diagnosis delays. (hindawi.com)
- A ruptured or perforated eardrum (tympanic membrane) occurs when there is a hole or tear in the tympanic membrane that separates the middle ear from the ear canal. (medicinenet.com)
- The proximal rupture occurs where the biceps attaches at the top of your shoulder. (webmd.com)
- In general, tendon rupture occurs in a middle-aged or older man. (webmd.com)
- Rupture usually occurs in the section of the tendon situated within 2 1/2 inches (about 6 centimeters) of the point where it attaches to the heel bone. (mayoclinic.org)
- A ruptured spleen is an emergency medical condition that occurs when the capsule-like covering of the spleen breaks open, pouring blood into your abdominal area. (webmd.com)
- When rupture occurs, the patella loses support from the tibia and moves toward the hip when the quadriceps muscle contracts, hindering the leg's ability to extend. (wikipedia.org)
- The surgical repair of an acute or chronic rupture of the Achilles tendon typically occurs in an outpatient setting. (aofas.org)
- The liquid silicone gel implants sold in the United States prior to 1992 are more likely to leak beyond the capsule of scar tissue surrounding the implant if a rupture occurs. (breastcancer.org)
- Uterine rupture occurs when there is a tear in the wall of a woman's uterus. (millerandzois.com)
- A rupture occurs when this tendon partially or completely tears. (patientslikeme.com)
- If a rupture of the quadriceps tendon occurs, and the patient tries to stand up, the knee will usually buckle and give way because the body is no longer able to hold the knee in a position of extension (straight). (arthroscopy.com)
- Achilles tendon tear or rupture is an injury that occurs at the back of your lower leg. (medindia.net)
Premature rupture o10
- When the water breaks early, it is called premature rupture of membranes (PROM). (medlineplus.gov)
- If the water breaks before the 37th week of pregnancy, it is called preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). (medlineplus.gov)
- How quickly does labor happen after premature rupture of membranes (PROM)? (medscape.com)
- Practice Bulletin No. 160: Premature Rupture of Membranes. (medscape.com)
- Preterm premature rupture of membranes: perspectives surrounding controversies in management. (medscape.com)
- Mozurkewich E. Management of premature rupture of membranes at term: an evidence-based approach. (medscape.com)
- Can platelet count and mean platelet volume during the first trimester of pregnancy predict preterm premature rupture of membranes? (medscape.com)
- Risk factors for pulmonary hypoplasia in second-trimester premature rupture of membranes. (medscape.com)
- When this happens before contractions start, it is called premature rupture of membranes (PROM). (healthlinkbc.ca)
- You may hear this early PROM referred to as preterm premature rupture of membranes, or pPROM . (healthlinkbc.ca)
Ends of the ruptured tendon2
- The peak age for Achilles tendon rupture is 30 to 40. (mayoclinic.org)
- Fluoroquinolone antibiotics, such as ciprofloxacin (Cipro) or levofloxacin (Levaquin), increase the risk of Achilles tendon rupture. (mayoclinic.org)
- The calf stretch exercise can help prevent an Achilles tendon rupture. (mayoclinic.org)
- What are the goals of surgery for an Achilles tendon rupture? (aofas.org)
- Those best suited for surgical repair of an acute or chronic Achilles tendon rupture include healthy, active people who want to return to activities such as jogging, running, biking, etc. (aofas.org)
- You should not have this surgery if you have active infection or unhealthy skin at or around the site of the Achilles tendon rupture, or if you are not healthy enough to undergo surgery. (aofas.org)
- There are a variety of ways to repair an Achilles tendon rupture. (aofas.org)
- More than 80 out of 100 people who have surgery for an Achilles tendon rupture are able to return to all the activities they did before the injury, including returning to sports. (healthlinkbc.ca)
- An Achilles tendon rupture is usually treated with surgery or with a cast, splint, brace, or other device that will keep your lower leg and ankle from moving ( immobilization). (healthlinkbc.ca)
- Achilles Tendon Rupture: Should I Have Surgery? (healthlinkbc.ca)
- Non surgical treatment is an effective surgical option, however, for many, surgery might be the best option to repair Achilles tendon rupture. (medindia.net)
- To further analyze the nature of your Achilles tendon rupture an ultrasound or an MRI scan will be carried out. (medindia.net)
- Doctors are concerned the drug could make any pre-existing aneurysms or other arterial abnormalities prone to rupture. (irishexaminer.com)
- 7mm) aneurysms have often been left untreated, even though such aneurysms have also been known to rupture and cause brain hemorrhages. (redorbit.com)
- The new study established that approximately one third of all aneurysms and up to one fourth of small aneurysms will rupture during a patient's lifetime. (redorbit.com)
- The risk of rupture is particularly high for female smokers with brain aneurysms of seven millimeters or more in diameter. (redorbit.com)
- This is not to say that aneurysms in non-smoking men never rupture, but that the risk is much lower than we previously thought. (redorbit.com)
- A team of researchers at Baylor College of Medicine, the Texas Heart Institute and Baylor College of Medicine's Cardiovascular Research Institute has found that ciprofloxacin, a widely prescribed antibiotic, increases the risk of tears and rupture on the main artery of the body, the aorta, in a mouse model of human aortic aneurysms and dissections (AAD), a disease that carries high risk of death from aortic rupture. (bcm.edu)
- They found that patients who received fluoroquinolones had a higher risk for aneurysms (formation of balloon-like areas in the aorta that weaken the integrity of the vessel), ruptures or dissections (tears in the wall) than patients who did not receive the antibiotics. (bcm.edu)
- The CT scan evaluation had identified a subgroup of patients with aneurysms associated with chronic contained rupture. (nih.gov)
- Guidelines released by the Society for Vascular Surgery now recommend endovascular repair over surgery for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms . (medpagetoday.com)
- Fortunately, not all aortic aneurysms reach the point of rupture. (dreddyclinic.com)
- We think most aneurysms never rupture,' said Vlak, a neurologist at the Utrecht Stroke Centre at University Medical Centre in Utrecht, the Netherlands. (health24.com)
- The accident ruptured his spleen. (thefreedictionary.com)
- What Is a Ruptured Spleen? (webmd.com)
- Your doctor may refer to a ruptured spleen as a "splenic rupture. (webmd.com)
- The spleen can rupture when the abdomen suffers a severe direct blow or blunt trauma. (webmd.com)
- Certain diseases and illnesses can also lead to a ruptured spleen. (webmd.com)
- A ruptured spleen causes abdominal pain , usually severe, but not always. (webmd.com)
- The severity and even the location of the pain depend on how badly the spleen has ruptured and how much blood leaks out. (webmd.com)
- Internal bleeding caused by the ruptured spleen can cause blood pressure to drop. (webmd.com)
- How Is a Ruptured Spleen Diagnosed? (webmd.com)
- A physical exam may be the only test done to diagnose a ruptured spleen. (webmd.com)
- Imaging tests can help diagnose a ruptured spleen. (webmd.com)
- A CT scan with contrast may take awhile, and some people with spleen ruptures have died while waiting to have the test done. (webmd.com)
- For this reason, a CT scan is not recommended for those with a spleen rupture who have unstable vital signs or low blood pressure due to the injury (suggesting shock). (webmd.com)
- In these cases, other tests may be used to help diagnose a spleen rupture. (webmd.com)
- Spontaneous rupture of the spleen is occasionally seen as the presenting event in infectious mononucleosis (IM). (medscape.com)
- The rupture site is most commonly near the globe's equator posterior to the insertion of the rectus muscles, which is where the sclera is weakest and thinnest. (medscape.com)
- Globe rupture and posterior segment injury have always been associated with a high frequency of visual loss. (medscape.com)
- A case of cataract surgery with planned presbyopia-correcting IOL implantation- complicated by posterior capsule rupture and a postoperative refractive surprise- reinforced important lessons and provided a new revelation to one experienced surgeon. (modernmedicine.com)
- This possibility was examined by a review of 67 patients (average age 57 years) diagnosed with rupture of the posterior tibial tendon. (nih.gov)
- A statistical correlation was demonstrated between rupture of the posterior tibial tendon and obesity (P = .005) and to a lesser extent hypertension (P = .025). (nih.gov)
- An additional vascular risk is implicated by the known zone of hypovascularity of the posterior tibial tendon and risk of rupture secondary to systemic or local injections of corticosteroids. (nih.gov)
- The prevalence of posterior tibial tendon rupture parallels the degenerative processes of aging, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and obesity. (nih.gov)
- Every reference was reviewed for possible inclusion and all eligible cases of uterine rupture were considered.Twenty-three studies with at least five cases of pregnancy after myomectomy were identified, with an overall incidence of uterine rupture of 0.6% (0.3-1.1%) (n = 11/1825). (tripdatabase.com)
- In the mother, uterine ruptures can cause major blood loss, or hemorrhage. (healthline.com)
- Uterine ruptures are usually a much greater health concern for the baby. (healthline.com)
- About 6 percent of babies don't survive their mothers' uterine ruptures. (healthline.com)
- In a 25-year study on uterine rupture, 52 percent of women who suffered uterine ruptures had scars from previous cesarean sections. (millerandzois.com)
- The scientific literature unambiguously concludes that the mismanagement of Pitocin can cause uterine ruptures and placental abruptions. (millerandzois.com)
- About 12.5% of uterine ruptures are associated with the injudicious use of Pitocin. (millerandzois.com)
Associated with uterine1
- Rupture is a 2016 American independently made science fiction horror thriller film directed by Steven Shainberg and starring Noomi Rapace. (yahoo.com)
- Market Study Report Market Research states that the world Rupture Disc market held an opportunity worth US$520 Million in 2016.The market is expected to expand at 3.29% CAGR over the period between 2016 and 2022. (openpr.com)
- In most cases, these membranes rupture during labor or within 24 hours before starting labor. (medlineplus.gov)
- Often, the membranes rupture (break) during labor. (medlineplus.gov)
- If you think your membranes have ruptured, call your health care provider right away. (medlineplus.gov)
- At the hospital, simple tests can confirm that your membranes have ruptured. (medlineplus.gov)
- Ruptured globe is an ophthalmologic emergency, leading to disrupted integrity of the outer membranes of the eye. (springer.com)
- Comparison between AmniSure placental alpha microglobulin-1 rapid immunoassay and standard diagnostic methods for detection of rupture of membranes. (medscape.com)
- Pasquier JC, Bujold E. A systematic review of intentional delivery in women with preterm prelabor rupture of membranes. (medscape.com)
- Hartling L, Chari R, Friesen C, Vandermeer B, Lacaze-Masmonteil T. A systematic review of intentional delivery in women with preterm prelabor rupture of membranes. (medscape.com)
- Middleton P, Shepherd E, Flenady V, McBain RD, Crowther CA. Planned early birth versus expectant management (waiting) for prelabour rupture of membranes at term (37 weeks or more). (medscape.com)
- Induction of labor compared with expectant management for prelabor rupture of the membranes at term. (medscape.com)
- International Multicentre Term Prelabor Rupture of Membranes Study: evaluation of predictors of clinical chorioamnionitis and postpartum fever in patients with prelabor rupture of membranes at term. (medscape.com)
- The management of preterm premature rupture of the membranes near the limit of fetal viability. (medscape.com)
- After amniotic membranes have ruptured, tocolytic medicine is less effective in slowing or stopping preterm labour contractions. (healthlinkbc.ca)
Prone to rupture1
- This section might be prone to rupture because blood flow is poor, which also can impair its ability to heal. (mayoclinic.org)
- RUPTURE follows Renee Morgan (Noomi Rapace), a single mom, who is deathly terrified of spiders. (lifeboat.com)
- Sep 29, 2018 · A gallbladder rupture is a medical condition where the gallbladder leaks or bursts. (yahoo.com)
- Spontaneous Rupture of the Å'sophagus with Recovery Following Repair 14291268 1996 12 01 2018 12 01 0035-9157 58 1965 Jun Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine Proc. (tripdatabase.com)
- Rupture of the Oesophagus Simulating Myocardial Infarction 14253730 1996 12 01 2018 12 01 0032-5473 41 1965 Jan Postgraduate medical journal Postgrad Med J RUPTURE OF THE OESOPHAGUS SIMULATING MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION. (tripdatabase.com)
- 5676956 1968 11 06 2018 11 13 0007-1447 3 5617 1968 Aug 31 British medical journal Br Med J Intramural rupture of the oesophagus. (tripdatabase.com)
- â€˜Spontaneousâ€™ rupture of the healthy oesophagus 5662191 1968 09 05 2018 11 13 0032-5473 44 513 1968 Jul Postgraduate medical journal Postgrad Med J "Spontaneous" rupture of the healthy oesophagus. (tripdatabase.com)
- In 2018 the FDA issued yet another warning on fluoroquinolones, this time about the risk of ruptures or tears in the aorta. (newmobility.com)
- depends on which tendon you ruptured and how severe the rupture is. (drugs.com)
- A uterine rupture often results in severe injuries from oxygen deprivation to the child and potentially life-threatening blood loss for the mother. (millerandzois.com)
- Doctors should suspect a uterine rupture if the mother suddenly experiences severe pain in her abdomen and the fetus' heart rate slows. (millerandzois.com)
- Two-dimensional and 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography clearly visualized the ruptured head of the posteromedial papillary muscle, the freely mobile stump within the left ventricle, and severe eccentric mitral regurgitation ( Figure 3A - 3C and Movies IV-VI in the online-only Data Supplement). (ahajournals.org)
- An invasive angiogram (below) from the same patient showed extraluminal contrast (arrow) representing a ruptured plaque associated with a severe stenosis in the left anterior descending artery. (auntminnie.com)
- 857-9 O'Connell N D ND eng Case Reports Journal Article England Proc R Soc Med 7505890 0035-9157 IM Adult Aged Esophageal Perforation Humans Male Middle Aged Rupture , Spontaneous 1965 11 1 1965 11 1 0 1 1965 11 1 0 0 ppublish 4952961 PMC1898989 Dis Chest. (tripdatabase.com)
- 504-8 Toghill P J PJ MacGuire C F CF Raut P S PS eng Journal Article England Postgrad Med J 0234135 0032-5473 IM Aged Esophageal Perforation diagnostic imaging Humans Male Middle Aged Radiography Rupture , Spontaneous 1968 7 1 1968 7 1 0 1 1968 7 1 0 0 ppublish 5662191 PMC2466268 JAMA. (tripdatabase.com)
- If you are young or middle aged, especially a sports person, your doctor would advise surgery to repair a tendon rupture, while nonsurgical treatment would be the method of choice if you are older. (medindia.net)
- A coronary angiogram revealed a significantly calcified stenotic lesion on the mid left anterior descending artery ( Figure 4A ), but there was no critical stenosis on the right coronary system that could explain the infarct-related rupture of the posteromedial papillary muscle ( Figure 4B ). (ahajournals.org)
- Coronary CTA images (above) show extraluminal contrast in communication with the coronary lumen, consistent with a ruptured coronary plaque. (auntminnie.com)
- Antibiotics such as fluoroquinolones increase the risk for tendon rupture, particularly the Achilles tendon. (webmd.com)
- Treatment for rupture involves antibiotics, usually administered intravenously in the hospital. (livestrong.com)
- The risk of tendon rupture is also increased with the use of quinolone antibiotics (e.g. ciprofloxacin, Levaquin). (ucsfhealth.org)
- Older age and macular rupture, the length of the rupture, and the distance of the rupture to the center of the fovea may be risk factors for CNV. (medscape.com)
- Identifying risk factors for uterine rupture. (nih.gov)
- The author hopes that the information presented in this article will help clinicians assess an individual's risk for uterine rupture. (nih.gov)
- This puts more women are at risk of uterine rupture. (healthline.com)
- There is concern about the risk of uterine rupture in the subsequent pregnancy after myomectomy. (tripdatabase.com)
- [ 1 , 2 ] Up to 15% of splenic ruptures without risk factors or previously diagnosed disease have been attributed to IM. (medscape.com)
- In addition, the risk of rupture among non-smoking men was exceptionally low. (redorbit.com)
- However, as with any imaging test, there's some risk that the results will not be accurate - a rupture may not show up or an intact implant may appear to be ruptured on an MRI. (breastcancer.org)
- With an autologous reconstruction, you won't have any risk of a rupture in the future or of the other complications that can develop with implants. (breastcancer.org)
- If you had a c-section before, there is a potential risk of uterine rupture. (millerandzois.com)
- Risk of repeat Achilles rupture. (healthlinkbc.ca)
- Compared to immobilization, surgery provides a shorter recovery period and a reduced risk that the tendon will rupture again. (healthlinkbc.ca)
- The potential complications and costs of birth injuries caused by uterine rupture are staggering. (millerandzois.com)
- The two most common life-threatening complications from transcatheter aortic valve replacement requiring emergency cardiac surgery were left ventricular perforation by the guidewire and annular rupture, a European registry study in European Heart Journal showed. (medpagetoday.com)
Cause of the rupture2
- Perforations or ruptures of the eardrum may or may not cause pain depending upon the underlying cause of the rupture or hole. (medicinenet.com)
- While the cause of the rupture was not immediately known, Brent Peters, the fire chief for Laurel, told The A.P. that it may have been caused by high waters eroding parts of the river bed and exposing the pipeline to debris. (truth-out.org)
- The treatment for myocardial rupture is supportive in the immediate setting and surgical correction of the rupture, if feasible. (wikipedia.org)
- The best surgical technique for your Achilles rupture will be determined by your foot and ankle orthopaedic surgeon . (aofas.org)
- In a 2013 study, researchers looked at device-retrieval data from the implant manufacturers Mentor and Allergan and found that 51 to 64% of silicone implant ruptures were caused by damage by surgical instruments during the initial implant surgery. (breastcancer.org)
- Once a uterine rupture is discovered, timely surgical intervention is needed. (millerandzois.com)
- The success of your surgery can depend on your surgeon's experience, the type of surgical procedure used, the extent of tendon damage, how soon after rupture the surgery is done, and how soon your rehabilitation program starts after surgery and how well you follow it. (healthlinkbc.ca)
- Additionally, the effects of corticosteroids and local surgical procedures may further be associated with local vascular impairment and eventual rupture. (nih.gov)
Free wall rupture1
- Hello - I am looking for a code of a free wall rupture (left ventricular)repair w/CABG. (aapc.com)