Forcible or traumatic tear or break of an organ or other soft part of the body.
The tearing or bursting of the wall along any portion of the AORTA, such as thoracic or abdominal. It may result from the rupture of an aneurysm or it may be due to TRAUMA.
Disease-related laceration or tearing of tissues of the heart, including the free-wall MYOCARDIUM; HEART SEPTUM; PAPILLARY MUSCLES; CHORDAE TENDINEAE; and any of the HEART VALVES. Pathological rupture usually results from myocardial infarction (HEART RUPTURE, POST-INFARCTION).
A complete separation or tear in the wall of the UTERUS with or without expulsion of the FETUS. It may be due to injuries, multiple pregnancies, large fetus, previous scarring, or obstruction.
Laceration or tearing of cardiac tissues appearing after MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Spontaneous tearing of the membranes surrounding the FETUS any time before the onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR. Preterm PROM is membrane rupture before 37 weeks of GESTATION.
The tearing or bursting of the weakened wall of the aneurysmal sac, usually heralded by sudden worsening pain. The great danger of a ruptured aneurysm is the large amount of blood spilling into the surrounding tissues and cavities, causing HEMORRHAGIC SHOCK.
Bursting of the STOMACH.
Injuries to the fibrous cords of connective tissue which attach muscles to bones or other structures.
An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the ABDOMINAL AORTA which gives rise to the visceral, the parietal, and the terminal (iliac) branches below the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.
Accumulations of blood in the PERITONEAL CAVITY due to internal HEMORRHAGE.
A fibrous cord that connects the muscles in the back of the calf to the HEEL BONE.
Injuries caused by impact with a blunt object where there is no penetration of the skin.
Abnormal outpouching in the wall of intracranial blood vessels. Most common are the saccular (berry) aneurysms located at branch points in CIRCLE OF WILLIS at the base of the brain. Vessel rupture results in SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Giant aneurysms (>2.5 cm in diameter) may compress adjacent structures, including the OCULOMOTOR NERVE. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p841)
Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.
Surgical insertion of BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESES to repair injured or diseased blood vessels.
Radiographic visualization of the aorta and its branches by injection of contrast media, using percutaneous puncture or catheterization procedures.
Not an aneurysm but a well-defined collection of blood and CONNECTIVE TISSUE outside the wall of a blood vessel or the heart. It is the containment of a ruptured blood vessel or heart, such as sealing a rupture of the left ventricle. False aneurysm is formed by organized THROMBUS and HEMATOMA in surrounding tissue.
General or unspecified injuries to the heart.
Death resulting from the presence of a disease in an individual, as shown by a single case report or a limited number of patients. This should be differentiated from DEATH, the physiological cessation of life and from MORTALITY, an epidemiological or statistical concept.
The aorta from the DIAPHRAGM to the bifurcation into the right and left common iliac arteries.
Techniques for securing together the edges of a wound, with loops of thread or similar materials (SUTURES).
Delivery of an infant through the vagina in a female who has had a prior cesarean section.
Device constructed of either synthetic or biological material that is used for the repair of injured or diseased blood vessels.
Pathological outpouching or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any blood vessel (ARTERIES or VEINS) or the heart (HEART ANEURYSM). It indicates a thin and weakened area in the wall which may later rupture. Aneurysms are classified by location, etiology, or other characteristics.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
The tendinous cords that connect each cusp of the two atrioventricular HEART VALVES to appropriate PAPILLARY MUSCLES in the HEART VENTRICLES, preventing the valves from reversing themselves when the ventricles contract.
An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of AORTA.
An abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of the THORACIC AORTA. This proximal descending portion of aorta gives rise to the visceral and the parietal branches above the aortic hiatus at the diaphragm.
A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the posteromedial portion of the lateral condyle of the femur, passes anteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the depression in front of the intercondylar eminence of the tibia.
The thin layers of tissue that surround the developing embryo. There are four extra-embryonic membranes commonly found in VERTEBRATES, such as REPTILES; BIRDS; and MAMMALS. They are the YOLK SAC, the ALLANTOIS, the AMNION, and the CHORION. These membranes provide protection and means to transport nutrients and wastes.
A collection of blood outside the BLOOD VESSELS. Hematoma can be localized in an organ, space, or tissue.
The type of DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA caused by TRAUMA or injury, usually to the ABDOMEN.
The status during which female mammals carry their developing young (EMBRYOS or FETUSES) in utero before birth, beginning from FERTILIZATION to BIRTH.
Bleeding into the intracranial or spinal SUBARACHNOID SPACE, most resulting from INTRACRANIAL ANEURYSM rupture. It can occur after traumatic injuries (SUBARACHNOID HEMORRHAGE, TRAUMATIC). Clinical features include HEADACHE; NAUSEA; VOMITING, nuchal rigidity, variable neurological deficits and reduced mental status.
Lesions formed within the walls of ARTERIES.
Aneurysm caused by a tear in the TUNICA INTIMA of a blood vessel leading to interstitial HEMORRHAGE, and splitting (dissecting) of the vessel wall, often involving the AORTA. Dissection between the intima and media causes luminal occlusion. Dissection at the media, or between the media and the outer adventitia causes aneurismal dilation.
Allowing a woman to be in LABOR, OBSTETRIC long enough to determine if vaginal birth may be anticipated.
Devices that provide support for tubular structures that are being anastomosed or for body cavities during skin grafting.
Compression of the heart by accumulated fluid (PERICARDIAL EFFUSION) or blood (HEMOPERICARDIUM) in the PERICARDIUM surrounding the heart. The affected cardiac functions and CARDIAC OUTPUT can range from minimal to total hemodynamic collapse.
Studies used to test etiologic hypotheses in which inferences about an exposure to putative causal factors are derived from data relating to characteristics of persons under study or to events or experiences in their past. The essential feature is that some of the persons under study have the disease or outcome of interest and their characteristics are compared with those of unaffected persons.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.
Injuries to the knee or the knee joint.
A method of hemostasis utilizing various agents such as Gelfoam, silastic, metal, glass, or plastic pellets, autologous clot, fat, and muscle as emboli. It has been used in the treatment of spinal cord and INTRACRANIAL ARTERIOVENOUS MALFORMATIONS, renal arteriovenous fistulas, gastrointestinal bleeding, epistaxis, hypersplenism, certain highly vascular tumors, traumatic rupture of blood vessels, and control of operative hemorrhage.
Pathologic processes that affect patients after a surgical procedure. They may or may not be related to the disease for which the surgery was done, and they may or may not be direct results of the surgery.
Minimally invasive procedures, diagnostic or therapeutic, performed within the BLOOD VESSELS. They may be perfomed via ANGIOSCOPY; INTERVENTIONAL MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; INTERVENTIONAL RADIOGRAPHY; or INTERVENTIONAL ULTRASONOGRAPHY.
Surgical procedure involving either partial or entire removal of the spleen.
INFLAMMATION of the placental membranes (CHORION; AMNION) and connected tissues such as fetal BLOOD VESSELS and UMBILICAL CORD. It is often associated with intrauterine ascending infections during PREGNANCY.
The maximum stress a material subjected to a stretching load can withstand without tearing. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed, p2001)
A localized bulging or dilatation in the muscle wall of a heart (MYOCARDIUM), usually in the LEFT VENTRICLE. Blood-filled aneurysms are dangerous because they may burst. Fibrous aneurysms interfere with the heart function through the loss of contractility. True aneurysm is bound by the vessel wall or cardiac wall. False aneurysms are HEMATOMA caused by myocardial rupture.
Pathological processes in the ESOPHAGUS.
General or unspecified injuries involving organs in the abdominal cavity.
Studies in which individuals or populations are followed to assess the outcome of exposures, procedures, or effects of a characteristic, e.g., occurrence of disease.
Damage or trauma inflicted to the eye by external means. The concept includes both surface injuries and intraocular injuries.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Hemorrhage within the pleural cavity.
A repeat operation for the same condition in the same patient due to disease progression or recurrence, or as followup to failed previous surgery.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of the cardiovascular system, processes, or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers and other electronic equipment.
The portion of the descending aorta proceeding from the arch of the aorta and extending to the DIAPHRAGM, eventually connecting to the ABDOMINAL AORTA.
Aneurysm due to growth of microorganisms in the arterial wall, or infection arising within preexisting arteriosclerotic aneurysms.
NECROSIS of the MYOCARDIUM caused by an obstruction of the blood supply to the heart (CORONARY CIRCULATION).
Fluid accumulation within the PERICARDIUM. Serous effusions are associated with pericardial diseases. Hemopericardium is associated with trauma. Lipid-containing effusion (chylopericardium) results from leakage of THORACIC DUCT. Severe cases can lead to CARDIAC TAMPONADE.
Onset of OBSTETRIC LABOR before term (TERM BIRTH) but usually after the FETUS has become viable. In humans, it occurs sometime during the 29th through 38th week of PREGNANCY. TOCOLYSIS inhibits premature labor and can prevent the BIRTH of premature infants (INFANT, PREMATURE).
A breach in the continuity of the posterior chamber of the eyeball.
A clinical syndrome with acute abdominal pain that is severe, localized, and rapid in onset. Acute abdomen may be caused by a variety of disorders, injuries, or diseases.
A clear, yellowish liquid that envelopes the FETUS inside the sac of AMNION. In the first trimester, it is likely a transudate of maternal or fetal plasma. In the second trimester, amniotic fluid derives primarily from fetal lung and kidney. Cells or substances in this fluid can be removed for prenatal diagnostic tests (AMNIOCENTESIS).
The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.
Artificially induced UTERINE CONTRACTION. Generally, LABOR, OBSTETRIC is induced with the intent to cause delivery of the fetus and termination of pregnancy.
Extraction of the FETUS by means of abdominal HYSTEROTOMY.
Pathological processes of the URINARY BLADDER.
The use of ultrasound to guide minimally invasive surgical procedures such as needle ASPIRATION BIOPSY; DRAINAGE; etc. Its widest application is intravascular ultrasound imaging but it is useful also in urology and intra-abdominal conditions.
Surgical removal of a LEIOMYOMA of the UTERUS.
Sensation of discomfort, distress, or agony in the abdominal region.
The innermost membranous sac that surrounds and protects the developing embryo which is bathed in the AMNIOTIC FLUID. Amnion cells are secretory EPITHELIAL CELLS and contribute to the amniotic fluid.
Liver disease caused by infections with parasitic tapeworms of the genus ECHINOCOCCUS, such as Echinococcus granulosus or Echinococcus multilocularis. Ingested Echinococcus ova burrow into the intestinal mucosa. The larval migration to the liver via the PORTAL VEIN leads to watery vesicles (HYDATID CYST).
Fibrous bands or cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE at the ends of SKELETAL MUSCLE FIBERS that serve to attach the MUSCLES to bones and other structures.
Surgical procedure by which a tendon is incised at its insertion and placed at an anatomical site distant from the original insertion. The tendon remains attached at the point of origin and takes over the function of a muscle inactivated by trauma or disease.
A band of fibrous tissue that attaches the apex of the PATELLA to the lower part of the tubercle of the TIBIA. The ligament is actually the caudal continuation of the common tendon of the QUADRICEPS FEMORIS. The patella is embedded in that tendon. As such, the patellar ligament can be thought of as connecting the quadriceps femoris tendon to the tibia, and therefore it is sometimes called the patellar tendon.
Dressings made of fiberglass, plastic, or bandage impregnated with plaster of paris used for immobilization of various parts of the body in cases of fractures, dislocations, and infected wounds. In comparison with plaster casts, casts made of fiberglass or plastic are lightweight, radiolucent, able to withstand moisture, and less rigid.
Clinical syndrome describing overuse tendon injuries characterized by a combination of PAIN, diffuse or localized swelling, and impaired performance. Distinguishing tendinosis from tendinitis is clinically difficult and can be made only after histopathological examination.
The first and largest artery branching from the aortic arch. It distributes blood to the right side of the head and neck and to the right arm.
Any adverse condition in a patient occurring as the result of treatment by a physician, surgeon, or other health professional, especially infections acquired by a patient during the course of treatment.
Injuries incurred during participation in competitive or non-competitive sports.
The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).
A heterogeneous group of autosomally inherited COLLAGEN DISEASES caused by defects in the synthesis or structure of FIBRILLAR COLLAGEN. There are numerous subtypes: classical, hypermobility, vascular, and others. Common clinical features include hyperextensible skin and joints, skin fragility and reduced wound healing capability.
The pectoralis major and pectoralis minor muscles that make up the upper and fore part of the chest in front of the AXILLA.
A thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES that occurs with formation of ATHEROSCLEROTIC PLAQUES within the ARTERIAL INTIMA.
Fibrous cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE that attach bones to each other and hold together the many types of joints in the body. Articular ligaments are strong, elastic, and allow movement in only specific directions, depending on the individual joint.
A condition of abnormally low AMNIOTIC FLUID volume. Principal causes include malformations of fetal URINARY TRACT; FETAL GROWTH RETARDATION; GESTATIONAL HYPERTENSION; nicotine poisoning; and PROLONGED PREGNANCY.
The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.
Pathological processes involving any part of the AORTA.
Bleeding or escape of blood from a vessel.
Substances used to cause adherence of tissue to tissue or tissue to non-tissue surfaces, as for prostheses.
The veins and arteries of the HEART.
Radiography of blood vessels after injection of a contrast medium.
Coagulation of blood in any of the CORONARY VESSELS. The presence of a blood clot (THROMBUS) often leads to MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION.
Observation of a population for a sufficient number of persons over a sufficient number of years to generate incidence or mortality rates subsequent to the selection of the study group.
Formation and development of a thrombus or blood clot in the blood vessel.
Accidents on streets, roads, and highways involving drivers, passengers, pedestrians, or vehicles. Traffic accidents refer to AUTOMOBILES (passenger cars, buses, and trucks), BICYCLING, and MOTORCYCLES but not OFF-ROAD MOTOR VEHICLES; RAILROADS nor snowmobiles.
Incision into the side of the abdomen between the ribs and pelvis.
Endoscopic examination, therapy and surgery of the joint.
The qualitative or quantitative estimation of the likelihood of adverse effects that may result from exposure to specified health hazards or from the absence of beneficial influences. (Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 1988)
Complications that affect patients during surgery. They may or may not be associated with the disease for which the surgery is done, or within the same surgical procedure.
Thickening and loss of elasticity of the walls of ARTERIES of all sizes. There are many forms classified by the types of lesions and arteries involved, such as ATHEROSCLEROSIS with fatty lesions in the ARTERIAL INTIMA of medium and large muscular arteries.
The susceptibility of CAPILLARIES, under conditions of increased stress, to leakage.
The largest branch of the celiac trunk with distribution to the spleen, pancreas, stomach and greater omentum.
In horses, cattle, and other quadrupeds, the joint between the femur and the tibia, corresponding to the human knee.
The discharge of an OVUM from a rupturing follicle in the OVARY.
Malfunction of implantation shunts, valves, etc., and prosthesis loosening, migration, and breaking.
Ultrasonic recording of the size, motion, and composition of the heart and surrounding tissues using a transducer placed in the esophagus.
Either of two large arteries originating from the abdominal aorta; they supply blood to the pelvis, abdominal wall and legs.
Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.
First aid or other immediate intervention for accidents or medical conditions requiring immediate care and treatment before definitive medical and surgical management can be procured.
Pathological conditions involving the CAROTID ARTERIES, including the common, internal, and external carotid arteries. ATHEROSCLEROSIS and TRAUMA are relatively frequent causes of carotid artery pathology.
The age of the conceptus, beginning from the time of FERTILIZATION. In clinical obstetrics, the gestational age is often estimated as the time from the last day of the last MENSTRUATION which is about 2 weeks before OVULATION and fertilization.
Abnormal balloon- or sac-like dilatation in the wall of any one of the iliac arteries including the common, the internal, or the external ILIAC ARTERY.
Congenital vascular anomalies in the brain characterized by direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. The locations and size of the shunts determine the symptoms including HEADACHES; SEIZURES; STROKE; INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES; mass effect; and vascular steal effect.
A lesion on the surface of the skin or a mucous surface, produced by the sloughing of inflammatory necrotic tissue.
A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.
In screening and diagnostic tests, the probability that a person with a positive test is a true positive (i.e., has the disease), is referred to as the predictive value of a positive test; whereas, the predictive value of a negative test is the probability that the person with a negative test does not have the disease. Predictive value is related to the sensitivity and specificity of the test.
Resistance and recovery from distortion of shape.
Postoperative hemorrhage from an endovascular AORTIC ANEURYSM repaired with endoluminal placement of stent grafts (BLOOD VESSEL PROSTHESIS IMPLANTATION). It is associated with pressurization, expansion, and eventual rupture of the aneurysm.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
The lower right and left chambers of the heart. The right ventricle pumps venous BLOOD into the LUNGS and the left ventricle pumps oxygenated blood into the systemic arterial circulation.
Conical muscular projections from the walls of the cardiac ventricles, attached to the cusps of the atrioventricular valves by the chordae tendineae.
Conditions or pathological processes associated with pregnancy. They can occur during or after pregnancy, and range from minor discomforts to serious diseases that require medical interventions. They include diseases in pregnant females, and pregnancies in females with diseases.
Disease having a short and relatively severe course.
The escape of diagnostic or therapeutic material from the vessel into which it is introduced into the surrounding tissue or body cavity.
Results of conception and ensuing pregnancy, including LIVE BIRTH; STILLBIRTH; SPONTANEOUS ABORTION; INDUCED ABORTION. The outcome may follow natural or artificial insemination or any of the various ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNIQUES, such as EMBRYO TRANSFER or FERTILIZATION IN VITRO.
A fluid-filled sac lined with SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE that provides a cushion between bones, tendons and/or muscles around a joint.
An endopeptidase that is structurally similar to MATRIX METALLOPROTEINASE 2. It degrades GELATIN types I and V; COLLAGEN TYPE IV; and COLLAGEN TYPE V.
A condition with trapped gas or air in the PERITONEAL CAVITY, usually secondary to perforation of the internal organs such as the LUNG and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, or to recent surgery. Pneumoperitoneum may be purposely introduced to aid radiological examination.
Making an incision in the STERNUM.
An infant during the first month after birth.
The dilatation of the aortic wall behind each of the cusps of the aortic valve.
Surgical incision into the chest wall.
Torn, ragged, mangled wounds.
Migration of a foreign body from its original location to some other location in the body.
An abnormal direct communication between an artery and a vein without passing through the CAPILLARIES. An A-V fistula usually leads to the formation of a dilated sac-like connection, arteriovenous aneurysm. The locations and size of the shunts determine the degree of effects on the cardiovascular functions such as BLOOD PRESSURE and HEART RATE.
A conical fibro-serous sac surrounding the HEART and the roots of the great vessels (AORTA; VENAE CAVAE; PULMONARY ARTERY). Pericardium consists of two sacs: the outer fibrous pericardium and the inner serous pericardium. The latter consists of an outer parietal layer facing the fibrous pericardium, and an inner visceral layer (epicardium) resting next to the heart, and a pericardial cavity between these two layers.
A type of scanning probe microscopy in which a probe systematically rides across the surface of a sample being scanned in a raster pattern. The vertical position is recorded as a spring attached to the probe rises and falls in response to peaks and valleys on the surface. These deflections produce a topographic map of the sample.
The pathological process occurring in cells that are dying from irreparable injuries. It is caused by the progressive, uncontrolled action of degradative ENZYMES, leading to MITOCHONDRIAL SWELLING, nuclear flocculation, and cell lysis. It is distinct it from APOPTOSIS, which is a normal, regulated cellular process.
Materials used in closing a surgical or traumatic wound. (From Dorland, 28th ed)

Anterior instability of the glenohumeral joint with humeral avulsion of the glenohumeral ligament. A review of 41 cases. (1/977)

We studied retrospectively a consecutive series of 547 shoulders in 529 patients undergoing operation for instability. In 41, the cause of instability was considered to be lateral avulsion of the capsule, including the inferior glenohumeral ligament, from the neck of the humerus, the HAGL lesion. In 35, the lesion was found at first exploration, whereas in six it was noted at revision of a previous failed procedure. In both groups, the patients were older on average than those with instability from other causes. Of the primary cases, in 33 (94.3%) the cause of the first dislocation was a violent injury; six (17.4%) had evidence of damage to the rotator cuff and/or the subscapularis. Only four (11.4%) had a Bankart lesion. In patients undergoing a primary operation in whom the cause of the first dislocation was a violent injury, who did not have a Bankart lesion and had no suggestion of multidirectional laxity, the incidence of HAGL was 39%.  (+info)

Extradural inflammation associated with annular tears: demonstration with gadolinium-enhanced lumbar spine MRI. (2/977)

Annular tears are manifest on MRI as the high-intensity zone (HIZ) or as annular enhancement. Patients with annular tears may experience low back pain with radiation into the lower limb in the absence of nerve root compression. Inflammation of nerve roots from leak of degenerative nuclear material through full-thickness annular tears is a proposed mechanism for such leg pain. The aim of this study is to illustrate the appearance of extradural enhancement adjacent to annular tears in patients being investigated for low back pain with radiation into the lower limb(s). Sagittal T1- and T2-weighted spin echo and axial T1-weighted spin echo sequences were obtained in eight patients being investigated for low back and leg pain. In all patients, the T1-weighted sequences were repeated following intravenous gadopentetate dimeglumine (Gd-DTPA). Annular tears were identified at 12 sites in eight patients. Extradural inflammation appeared as a region of intermediate signal intensity replacing the fat between the posterior disc margin and the theca, which enhanced following Gd-DTPA. The inflammatory change was always associated with an annular tear, and in four cases directly involved the nerve root. Enhancement of the nerve root was seen in two cases. The findings may be relevant in the diagnosis of chemical radiculopathy secondary to inflammation at the site of an annular leak from a degenerating disc.  (+info)

Sonographic incidence of tendon microtears in athletes with chronic Achilles tendinosis. (3/977)

OBJECTIVE: To assess the number and distribution of tendon microtears in asymptomatic controls and athletes with chronic Achilles tendinitis or partial thickness tears using high resolution ultrasound. METHODS: The mean number of microtears in three random tendon cross sections were recorded per tendon third in 19 asymptomatic volunteers, 16 athletes with symptomatic chronic Achilles tendinitis, and eight athletes with partial Achilles tendon rupture. RESULTS: Microtears were most numerous in the middle third section of the Achilles tendon. Some 67% of tendons in the control group had no microtears, and 28% showed a single microtear. Only 18% of the athletes with chronic Achilles tendinitis and none of the athletes with partial tendon rupture were without microtears in the middle third of their Achilles tendon. Of the tendons with chronic tendinitis, 13% had more than three microtears per section which increased to 87% in tendons exhibiting partial rupture. CONCLUSIONS: There appears to be an association between microtear formation and Achilles tendon rupture.  (+info)

Traumatic wound rupture after penetrating keratoplasty in Africa. (4/977)

AIM: To investigate risk factors, visual outcome, and graft survival for traumatic wound rupture after penetrating keratoplasty. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 336 patients who underwent penetrating keratoplasty from 1988 to 1995. RESULTS: 19 patients (5.7%) suffered traumatic postoperative wound rupture requiring surgical repair. They were younger (mean age 16.6 years, 95% CI 13.2-20.6) and more frequently keratoconic (p = 0.01) than other patients (mean age 28.9 years, 95% CI 26.-31.0). Mean postoperative follow up was 37.7 (SD 22.9) months and 24.5 (18.9) months for the rupture and non-rupture patients. Mean interval between keratoplasty and rupture was 18 (21) weeks. The lens was damaged and removed in 37% of ruptured eyes. For keratoconics, the probability of graft survival at 5 years was lower (p = 0.03) in the ruptured eyes (75%) than in the non-ruptured eyes (90%). Endothelial failure was a more common (p <0.05) cause of graft opacification in ruptured grafts than in intact grafts. Of the ruptured eyes, 53% achieved a final corrected acuity of at least 6/18 and 63% achieved at least 6/60 compared with 48% and 71% of the intact eyes respectively (both p >0.1). The proportion of keratoconic eyes which achieved at least 6/60 was lower (p = 0.02) in the ruptured eyes (67%) than the non-ruptured eyes (87%). Eyes with wound ruptures of 5 clock hours or greater were less likely (p <0.05) to achieve an acuity of 6/18 and were more likely (p <0.05) to have an associated lens injury. CONCLUSIONS: Graft rupture is relatively common in African practice, particularly in young keratoconics. Visual outcome and graft survival are not significantly worse than for other grafted eyes, but are significantly worse than for other grafted keratoconic eyes.  (+info)

Evidence for increased collagenolysis by interstitial collagenases-1 and -3 in vulnerable human atheromatous plaques. (5/977)

BACKGROUND: Several recent studies attempted to classify plaques as those prone to cause clinical manifestations (vulnerable, atheromatous plaques) or those less frequently associated with acute thrombotic complication (stable, fibrous plaques). Defining the cellular and molecular mechanisms that underlie these morphological features remains a challenge. Because interstitial forms of collagen determine the biomechanical strength of the atherosclerotic lesion, this study investigated expression of the collagen-degrading matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) interstitial collagenase-3 (MMP-13) and the previously studied MMP-1 in human atheroma and used a novel technique to test the hypothesis that collagenolysis in atheromatous lesions exceeds that in fibrous human atherosclerotic lesions. METHODS AND RESULTS: Human carotid atherosclerotic plaques, similar in size, were separated by conventional morphological characteristics into fibrous (n=10) and atheromatous (n=10) lesions. Immunohistochemical and Western blot analysis demonstrated increased levels of MMP-1 and MMP-13 in atheromatous versus fibrous plaques. In addition, collagenase-cleaved type I collagen, demonstrated by a novel cleavage-specific antibody, colocalized with MMP-1- and MMP-13-positive macrophages. Macrophages, rather than endothelial or smooth muscle cells, expressed MMP-13 and MMP-1 on stimulation in vitro. Furthermore, Western blot analysis demonstrated loss of interstitial collagen type I and increased collagenolysis in atheromatous versus fibrous lesions. Finally, atheromatous plaques contained higher levels of proinflammatory cytokines, activators of MMPs. CONCLUSIONS: This report demonstrates that atheromatous rather than fibrous plaques might be prone to rupture due to increased collagenolysis associated with macrophages, probably mediated by the interstitial collagenases MMP-1 and MMP-13.  (+info)

Stromelysin promoter 5A/6A polymorphism is associated with acute myocardial infarction. (6/977)

BACKGROUND: Rupture of the fibrous cap of an atherosclerotic plaque is a key event that predisposes to acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) may contribute to weakening of the cap, which favors rupture. Stromelysin, a member of MMP family, is identified extensively in human coronary atherosclerotic lesions. It can degrade most of the constituents of extracellular matrix as well as activating other MMPs, which suggests that it may play an important role in plaque rupture. Recently, a common variant (5A/6A) in the promoter of the stromelysin gene has been identified. The 5A/6A polymorphism could regulate the transcription of the stromelysin gene in an allele-specific manner. METHODS AND RESULTS: To investigate the relation between the 5A/6A polymorphism in the promoter of the stromelysin gene and AMI, we conducted a case-control study of 330 AMI patients and 330 control subjects. The prevalence of the 5A/6A+5A/5A genotype was significantly more frequent in the patients with AMI than in control subjects (48.8% vs 32.7%, P<0.0001). In logistic regression models, the odds ratio of the 5A/6A+5A/5A was 2.25 (95% CI, 1.51 to 3.35). The association of 5A/6A polymorphism with AMI was statistically significant and independent of other risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: The 5A/6A polymorphism in the promoter of the stromelysin gene is a novel pathogenetic risk factor for AMI.  (+info)

Ocular explosion during cataract surgery: a clinical, histopathological, experimental, and biophysical study. (7/977)

INTRODUCTION: An increasing number of cases are being recognized in which a peribulbar anesthetic for cataract surgery has been inadvertently injected directly into the globe under high pressure until the globe ruptures or explodes. We reviewed the records of 6 such cases (one of which was reported previously by us), and one additional case has been reported in the literature. Surprisingly, 2 of these 7 cases went unrecognized at the time, and the surgeons proceeded with the cataract operation; all of the patients ultimately developed severe visual loss and/or loss of the eye. OBJECTIVES: To reproduce this eye explosion in a live anesthetized rabbit model and to perform a clinical, histopathological, experimental, biophysical, and mathematical analysis of this injury. METHODS: Eyes of live anesthetized rabbits were ruptured by means of the injection of saline directly into the globe under high pressure. The clinical and pathological findings of the ruptured human and animal eyes were documented photographically and/or histopathologically. An experimental, biophysical, and mathematical analysis of the pressures and forces required to rupture the globe via direct injection using human cadavers, human eye-bank eyes, and classic physics and ophthalmic formulas was performed. The laws of Bernoulli, LaPlace, Friedenwald, and Pascal were applied to the theoretical and experimental models of this phenomenon. RESULTS: The clinical and pathological findings of scleral rupture, retinal detachment, vitreous hemorrhage, and lens extrusion were observed. In the exploded human and rabbit eyes, the scleral ruptures appeared at the equator, the limbal area, or the posterior pole. In 2 of the 7 human eyes, the anterior segments appeared entirely normal despite the rupture, and cataract surgery was completed; surgery was canceled in the other 4 cases. In 4 of the 5 injected and ruptured rabbit eyes, the anterior segments appeared essentially normal. The experiments with human eye-bank eyes and the theoretical analyses of this entity show that the pressure required to produce such an injury is much more easily obtained with a 3- or 5-mL syringe than with a syringe 10 mL or larger. CONCLUSIONS: Explosion of an eyeball during the injection of anesthesia for ocular surgery is a devastating injury that may go unrecognized. The probability of an ocular explosion can be minimized by careful use of a syringe 10 mL or larger with a blunt needle, by discontinuing the injection if resistance is met, and by inspecting the globe prior to ocular massage or placement of a Honan balloon. When ocular explosion occurs, immediate referral to and intervention by a vitreoretinal surgeon is optimal. Practicing ophthalmologists should be aware of this blinding but preventable complication of ocular surgery.  (+info)

Recurrent carotid blowout syndrome: diagnostic and therapeutic challenges in a newly recognized subgroup of patients. (8/977)

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To our knowledge, recurrent carotid blowout syndrome (rCBS) has not been well described. Our purpose was to review our institution's recent experience with patients who presented with multiple episodes of carotid blowout syndrome (CBS), and who were referred for emergent diagnostic angiography and endovascular therapy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the last 46 consecutive patients who had a clinical diagnosis of CBS. All patients were examined and treated prospectively according to a standardized protocol. Most patients (43 of 46) had undergone extensive primary and salvage radical surgery with intraoperative brachytherapy or external beam radiation or both. The remaining three patients had either traumatic or iatrogenic CBS. RESULTS: Twelve patients (26%) in our series had more than one episode of CBS in which a total of 32 (20 recurrent) events were observed (average 2.7, range 2-4). Intervals of rCBS ranged from 1 day to 6 years. Thirteen (65%) of 20 recurrent events were attributed to progressive disease (PD), and seven (35%) of 20 to treatment failures (TFs). In the PD group, seven (54%) of 13 had recurrent ipsilateral disease, and six (46%) of 13 had recurrent contralateral disease. Etiologies of rCBS were as follows: seven exposed carotids; seven carotid pseudoaneurysms; eight small-branch pseudoaneurysms; five tumor hemorrhages; three hyperemic/ulcerated wounds; and one aortic arch rupture. Twenty-seven of 32 events were treated with endovascular therapy, which included the following: nine carotid occlusions; 11 small-branch embolizations; three transarterial tumor embolizations; one carotid stent; and two direct-puncture embolizations. Four of six TFs were retreated successfully with endovascular therapy; the remaining two TFs were managed successfully by surgery. In the PD group, hemorrhagic complications of rCBS were managed successfully in all but one patient, who died. No permanent neurologic or ophthalmologic complications occurred. CONCLUSION: Recurrent CBS is a frequently encountered problem in which most cases are caused by PD resulting from both multifocal iatrogenic arteriopathy and occasional wound complications that are characteristic of aggressively managed head and neck surgical patients. Initial TFs are encountered often as well. Despite the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges of rCBS, most cases can be retreated effectively.  (+info)

en] Chronic rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) resulting in unusual clinical manifestations can occur if the resistance of structures surrounding the aorta is sufficient to contain hemorrhage. In this report, we describe five cases of chronic ruptured AAA in which the presenting feature was crural neuropathy. All patients were male with a mean age of 74 +/- 1.8 years. At the time of presentation, crural neuropathy had been ongoing for 3 to 9 weeks. In three cases, AAA was not initially suspected because an inadequate clinical examination was performed (not in the vascular surgery department) and because of the small diameter of the aorta in relation to the patients morphology. Two patients had one episode of hypotension that was wrongly attributed to vagal attack. Abdominal CT scanning was always diagnostic of chronic rupture. In two cases, rupture was associated with erosion of the body of one or more vertebrae and laboratory evidence of inflammation, i.e., increase in sedimentation ...
We report on 7 cases of partial rupture of the distal biceps tendon. The mean patient age was 52 years (range, 38-58 years). There were 5 men and 2 women. The dominant arm was affected in all 7 patients. Pain was the chief complaint in all patients.
Exercises should be performed only when you have absolutely recovered from the hamstring tendon rupture. Learn about the exercises and yoga poses that one can perform to prevent the recurrence of hamstring tendon rupture. Also know the recovery period, prognosis and knee braces for hamstring tendon rupture.
The following are risk factors for recurrent tendons rupture, except: 1. Chronic steroid therapy. 2. Inflammatory arthritides. 3. Lisinopril 4. Fluoroquinolones 5. Repeated trauma to the joints. The Correct Answer is 3. Lisinopril. Tendon rupture spontaneously or with minimal trauma is rare and multifactorial. Most of the time no cause is recovered, and rupture may have a genetic predisposition. Risk factors include:. • Trauma. • Chronic medical conditions: chronic renal failure, diabetes mellitus, and hyperparathyroidism. • Systemic steroids. • Fluoroquinolones. • Aromatase inhibitors: anastrazole (estrogen positive breast cancer). Genetic predisposition and collagen disorders, such as collagen VI and Lamin A/C mutations are rare but important causes. In these cases, some degree of muscle weakness, contractures, joint hyperextensibility, and increased skin elasticity would be expected.. Click the image to watch the video.. Aziz Shaibani, MD, FACP, FAAN, FANA is Director of the Nerve & ...
The proximal tendons of the biceps brachii are commonly involved in pathological processes and are a frequent cause of anterior shoulder pain.[14] Disorders of the distal biceps brachii tendon include insertional tendonitis and partial or complete tears of the tendon. Partial tears are usually characterized by pain and enlargement and abnormal contour of the tendon.[15] Complete tears occur as avulsion of the tendinous portion of the biceps away from its insertion on the tuberosity of the radius, and is often accompanied by a palpable, audible pop and immediate pain and soft tissue swelling.[16] A soft-tissue mass is sometimes encountered in the anterior aspect of the arm, the so-called Reverse Popeye deformity, which paradoxically leads to a decreased strength during flexion of the elbow and supination of the forearm.[17] Tears of the biceps brachii may occur during athletic activities, however avulsion injuries of the distal biceps tendon are frequently occupational in nature and sustained ...
Definition of rupture. Learners definition of RUPTURE 1 [count, noncount] : a crack or break in something (such as a pipe) A rupture in the pipeline resulted in major water damage. Uterine rupture: A tear in the uterus. Medtalk A tearing or disruption of a membrane or flattened tissue that was subjected to pressure. Fait dinterrompre des relations : Une scène de rupture séparation interruption ; continuation 3. Rupture of membranes (ROM) or amniorrhexis is a term used during pregnancy to describe a rupture of the amniotic sac. If you rupture yourself, you break apart…. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Your spleen, situated just under your rib cage on your left side, helps your body fight infection and filter old blood cells from your bloodstream.A forceful blow to your abdomen - during a sporting mishap, a fistfight or a car crash, for example - is the usual cause of a ruptured spleen. Learn more. Fait de se rompre sous leffet dun choc : La rupture dune corde cassure ...
Damn!! Suffered a complete rupture this morning of my bicep tendon in my elbow. I just hit a normal forehand and it snapped. But i heard a pop...
in Annals of Vascular Surgery (2001), 15(3), 405-11. Chronic rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) resulting in unusual clinical manifestations can occur if the resistance of structures surrounding the aorta is sufficient to contain hemorrhage. In this ... [more ▼]. Chronic rupture of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) resulting in unusual clinical manifestations can occur if the resistance of structures surrounding the aorta is sufficient to contain hemorrhage. In this report, we describe five cases of chronic ruptured AAA in which the presenting feature was crural neuropathy. All patients were male with a mean age of 74 +/- 1.8 years. At the time of presentation, crural neuropathy had been ongoing for 3 to 9 weeks. In three cases, AAA was not initially suspected because an inadequate clinical examination was performed (not in the vascular surgery department) and because of the small diameter of the aorta in relation to the patients morphology. Two patients had one episode of hypotension ...
Bladder rupture is uncommon. It typically follows significant trauma to the pelvis, for example following a RTA, assualt or a fall from a height. It is often associated with other injuries, in particular pelvic fractures. High clinical suspici...
Bronchial emphysema, bronchial atresia surgery, bronchial epithelium and smoking, bronchial congestion lungs and pediatric bronchial pneumonia treatment. Bronchial tapping procedure, bronchial hyperresponsiveness asthma, how to perform bronchial tapping pediatric patients and bronchial walls or bronchial dysplasia symptoms.
Care guide for Tendon Rupture (Ambulatory Care). Includes: possible causes, signs and symptoms, standard treatment options and means of care and support.
Patients who suffer tendon ruptures generally suffer agonizing pain and are at risk of permanent injury, if medical treatment in not sought immediately.
Levaquin been reported to generate a Levaquin Tendon Rupture but liver damage as well. If you experience nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, fever or yellowing of the skin or eyes contact your doctor immediately as these are symptoms of damage to your liver.
Bladder rupture in children - What are the symptoms of bladder rupture? Several. Blood in the urine; minimal urine output; severe abdominal pain.
Awkward landing, a pop at the knee, immediate pain and swelling - youve already assumed the worst. Learn more about ACL Rupture by Thomas Anderson ...
Mechanical Engineering Assignment Help, Modulus of rupture, Modulus of Rupture: What is the Modulus of Rupture? Sol.: The maximum fictitious shear stress which can be calculated by torsion formula by using the experimentally found maximum torque required to rupture the shaft. If, τ r = Modu
About 5% of the heavy abdominal traumas present a traumatic diaphragm rupture (14). A correct diagnosis of such a rupture is usually not obvious. A collective review by Alivisatos concluded that only 1/3 of the diaphragm ruptures was recognized within the first 24 hours (2). In the department of general surgery of the academic hospitals St-Raphaël and St-Pieter, 38 cases were seen during the last ten years (1970-1980). The diagnosis was made within the first 24 hours (pre- or peroperatively) in 28 cases. In 34 cases, diagnosis was achieved within a week of time and in 36 cases within a year. In only 2 of the cases it was achieved after 1 years time. In this paper two points are especially emphasized, first why a correct diagnosis sometimes is so difficult to reach and second which dangers can result from an unseen diaphragm tear. These points of interest are illustrated by a few remarkables case ...
Tendon ruptures of the biceps brachii, one of the dominant muscles of the arm, have been reported in the United States with increasing frequency. Ruptures of the proximal biceps tendon make up 90-97% of all biceps ruptures and almost exclusively involve the long head.
Looking for translation of modulus of rupture? modulus of rupture translation from English to German. modulus of rupture in other languages. German translation of modulus of rupture.
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In Response:. Falk and colleagues raise a number of important issues regarding lesion formation and the modeling of plaque rupture in mice.1 The first of these concerns the question of whether the processes that lead to neointima breakdown in the model of Sasaki et al2 are congruent with those occurring during the breakdown of a fibrous cap overlying a lipid-rich necrotic core. Falk et al consider that there is no obvious reason to suppose that there is any such congruence. The second deals with the genesis of thrombi in the model of Sasaki et al compared with over a ruptured atherosclerotic plaque. Falk et al argue that the processes of thrombogenesis in conditions of rapid blood flow are likely to be different to those in stagnant blood in a ligated artery, a point well supported by a plethora of experimental evidence that has accrued over many years.3 Falk et al conclude on these bases that the relevance of the model of Sasaki et al to human plaque rupture is not clear, with the implication ...
The clear cell histologic subtype of stage I ovarian cancer is associated with a disproportionately high risk for capsule rupture during surgery compared with other histologies.
A proximal biceps rupture is a tear in the biceps tendon at its attachment to the shoulder. Northlands Orthopaedic Institute offers treatment for proximal biceps rupture in Livingston, Morristown, Butler, Hewitt, Bridgewater and Wayne, NJ.
Searching for just a few words should be enough to get started. If you need to make more complex queries, use the tips below to guide you.. ...
TY - JOUR. T1 - Record breaking bursts in a fiber bundle model of creep rupture. AU - Danku, Zsuzsa. AU - Kun, F.. PY - 2014. Y1 - 2014. N2 - We investigate the statistics of record breaking (RB) events in the time series of crackling bursts in a fiber bundle model of the creep rupture of heterogeneous materials. In the model fibers break due to two mechanisms: slowly accumulating damage triggers bursts of immediate breakings analogous to acoustic emissions in experiments. The rupture process accelerates such that the size of breaking avalanches increases while the waiting time between consecutive events decreases toward failure. Record events are defined as bursts which have a larger size than all previous events in the time series. We analyze the statistics of records focusing on the limit of equal load sharing (ELS) of the model and compare the results to the record statistics of sequences of independent identically distributed random variables. Computer simulations revealed that the number ...
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Fluorchinolone sind eine Untergruppe der Chinolone. Die Verbindungen werden als Antibiotika eingesetzt, die zu den Gyrasehemmern gehören. Diese können gefährliche Nebenwirkungen hervorrufen. Hier erhalten Geschädigte und Ärzte fundierte Informationen und Therapieansätze
After having many UTIs in the past, the problem with Bactrim was that it stopped working. I developed an immunity or tolerance to the drug, which ...
A gene that appears to make plaques in arteries more likely to rupture and cause potentially deadly blood clots has been identified by U.S. researchers. The finding may lead to new drugs that target the gene in order to reduce the risk of plaque ruptures.
The Rupture published its first issue (as the Collagist) in August 2009 under the editorship of founding editor Matt Bell. New issues of the Rupture are published on the 15th of: February, April, June, August, October, and December.. ...
Can you rupture your bladder from having sex - Can you rupture your bladder from having sex? Unlike. Unless something quite unusual in that episode.
The RA4 rupture disks (bursting discs) are designs to cover the majority of low pressure rupture disk (bursting disc) applications and are designed to be used in the RAH Pre-Torque holder.. Sizes from 1 - 12. Burst Ratings from 2 to 40 psig. Mounts into the RAH Pre-Torque Holder. OPTIONS / ACCESSORIES : TFE liners are available to provide protection from corrosive media. ...
This graph shows the total number of publications written about Rupture by people in this website by year, and whether Rupture was a major or minor topic of these publications ...
Disrupture [ DISRUPTURE, v.t. [dis and rupture.] To rend; to sever by tearing, breaking or bursting. [Unnecessary, as it is synonymous with rupture.] ]
Light aqua training can be started after 3-4 weeks, crosstrainer / stationary biking after 5-6 weeks, Alter-G running after 8-10 weeks, normal running after 2-3 months and return to field after 2.5-3 months from the operation ...
TY - CONF. T1 - Seismic retrofit of circular RC columns with large rupture strain FRP composites : experimental study and FE modeling. AU - Dai, Jianguo. AU - Bai, Y.L.. PY - 2015. Y1 - 2015. M3 - Conference presentation (not published in journal/proceeding/book). T2 - Regional Symposium on Infrastructure Development. Y2 - 1 January 2015. ER - ...
Prominent members of the Central Committee and the Political Secretariat of Syriza are preparing an event for tomorrow, Tuesday 19 of May. Speakers and participants in the event include: Antonis Davellos (SYRIZA Political Secretariat), John Millios (SYRIZA Central Committee), Sofi Papadogianni (SYRIZA Political Secretariat), Panos Lambrou (SYRIZA Political Secretariat), George Sapounas (SYRIZA Central Committee). Quoting from the event description, as well as the title of the invitation-pamphlet, the message of the event seems quite clear: the only way out [of the impasse] is the choice of rupture with the lenders. Read the announcement for the event below.. ...
The recoil process of free-standing liquid crystal filaments is investigated experimentally and theoretically. We focus on two aspects, the contraction speed of the filament and a spontaneously formed undulation instability. At the moment of rupture, the filaments buckle similarly to the classical Euler buck Liquid crystals Open access articles from Soft Matter
Rupture (An Eli Branch Thriller) [A. Scott Pearson] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Surgeon Eli Branch seems destined for academic.
The BI Series integral burst indication offers a simple and effective means of indication over-pressure or discharge indication for rupture disk (bursting disc) applications. ...
DONADONSDD DCD rupture disc for aseptic applications consists of:• a slotted, perforated metal part• a seal membrane (usually in PTFE...
Name: Rupture Specialty: Bukijutsu Rank: A-Rank Element: N/A Cost: 15 CP 20 SP Range: 10 meters Duration: 1 posts Description: The user violently swings their
Searching for 5-1/4 Rupture Discs? Graingers got your back. Easy online ordering for the ones who get it done along with 24/7 customer service, free technical support & more.
Léna Soler. Volume 1 : Penser le changement scientifique : stabilités, ruptures, incommensurabilités. (Synthèse des activités scientifiques) Volume 2 : La science telle quelle aurait pu se faire ? Contingence ou inévitabilité des résultats de notre science. (Manuscrit inédit). Philosophie. Université de Lorraine (UL), 2018. ⟨tel-02979138⟩ ...
The government has released the report of an inquiry into the fuel supply disruption caused by the rupture of a key pipeline in September 2017.
Grateful to the good folks at THE RUPTURE (formerly Collagist) for publishing this poem and for nominating it for a Pushcart! Stranger Jelly (link)
Jace Clayton, aka DJ/Rupture, wrote up a thoughtful tribute to recently deceased French-Tunisian producer DJ Medhi. Though most people know Medhis work through his Parisian-electronic Ed Banger affiliations, he actually made his name producing beats in the heydays of French underground hip-hop. DJ/...
How to cite: Ide, S.: Dynamic Rupture Propagation Modeling, Sci. Dril., SpecialIssue, 24-26,, 2007 ...
SHOULD RUpture Glitching be punishable? I Do believe it should be punishable because if you look at it from every aspect its technically...
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Rupture of pollen tube[edit]. The rupture of the pollen tube to release sperm in Arabidopsis has been shown to depend on a ... This increased uptake of calcium causes the pollen tube to rupture, and release its sperm into the ovule.[6] Pistil feeding ... "Reactive oxygen species mediate pollen tube rupture to release sperm for fertilization in Arabidopsis". Nature Communications ... which in turn prevented pollen tube rupture.[6] ...
Rupture dynamics. A tectonic earthquake begins by an initial rupture at a point on the fault surface, a process known as ... Rupture propagation is generally modeled using a fracture mechanics approach, likening the rupture to a propagating mixed mode ... The maximum observed lengths of ruptures and mapped faults (which may break in a single rupture) are approximately 1,000 km ( ... The longest earthquake ruptures on strike-slip faults, like the San Andreas Fault (1857, 1906), the North Anatolian Fault in ...
Rupture with the sultan[edit]. Two incidents led up to the rupture of relations between T'hami and Sultan Mohammed V.[7] ...
Rupture[edit]. Unintentional perforation (rupture) has been described in blast injuries[7] and air travel, typically in ... Rupture or perforation of the eardrum can lead to conductive hearing loss. Collapse or retraction of the eardrum can cause ... The pressure of fluid in an infected middle ear onto the eardrum may cause it to rupture. Usually this consists of a small hole ... The Bajau people of the Pacific intentionally rupture their eardrums at an early age to facilitate diving and hunting at sea. ...
Post-enquiry forensic engineering - two-stage rupture of bypass[edit]. The enquiry noted the existence of a small tear in a ... 4.1.1 Post-enquiry forensic engineering - two-stage rupture of bypass. *4.1.2 Post-enquiry forensic engineering - the 'water ... The HSE website currently (2014) says "During the late afternoon on 1 June 1974 a 20 inch bypass system ruptured, which may ...
"Rupture". The Flash. Season 2. Episode 20. May 3, 2016. The CW. "The Runaway Dinosaur". The Flash. Season 2. Episode 21. May 10 ...
Rupture panel". Retrieved 2013-12-22. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "Rupture panel (патент US № 8322360 ... Rupture disc Blast damper Dust explosion Pressure relief valve Explosion protection Explosion pressure Explosives safety ... An explosion vent or rupture panel is a safety device to protect equipment or buildings against excessive internal, explosion- ...
Rosenbaum, Jonathan (27 February 1992). "Rivette's Rupture". The Chicago Reader. Retrieved 20 March 2016. Azoury, Philippe (20 ...
"La Rupture (1970)- JPBox-Office". Retrieved 28 May 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) "La Rupture (The Break Up) ( ... "La rupture". Chicago Reader. Retrieved 2011-08-23. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) The Breach at IMDb The Breach at ... The Breach (French: "La Rupture") is a 1970 film written and directed by Claude Chabrol, based on the novel The Balloon Man by ... Dave Kerr of The Chicago Reader: One of the key films of the 70s, La Rupture is Claude Chabrol's most audacious experiment with ...
Bladder rupture (rupture of bladder, N32.4) may occur if the bladder is overfilled and not emptied. This can occur in the case ... Play media Ultrasound showing bladder rupture - Week 1 Play media Ultrasound showing bladder rupture - Week 2 Bladder tamponade ... of post-traumatic bladder rupture. Intraperitoneal rupture is both more rare and associated with greater morbidity, requiring ... Bladder rupture is divided into intraperitoneal and extraperitoneal rupture, with the latter encompassing 85% ...
Éditions Rupture. p. 274. ISBN 978-2-86220-004-0. "Hassan II adresse une mise en demeure à M. Boumediène". Le (in ...
Delacroix, Romain (2016-03-15). "Dépression, rupture... Maxime Musqua raconte sa période difficile après le Petit Journal". www ...
"Cynthia Brown de la Star Ac 6... la rupture !". Retrieved 12 November 2011. ...
DJ/Rupture; David Harvey; A.S. Hamrah (25 November 2008). n+1, Number Seven: Correction. Internet Archive. n+1 Foundation. ...
Permeability, mortality, divinity, the insidious fallacy of the real/artificial divide, the inevitable rupture of both natural ... "". The Rupture. Retrieved 2021-04-30. External link in ... The Rupture declares that "Ben-Oni is an absolute empress of's hard to believe If This Is the Age We End Discovery ...
The word tachycardia came to English from New Latin as a neoclassical compound built from the combining forms tachy- + -cardia, which are from the Greek ταχύς tachys, "quick, rapid" and καρδία, kardia, "heart". As a matter both of usage choices in the medical literature and of idiom in natural language, the words tachycardia and tachyarrhythmia are usually used interchangeably, or loosely enough that precise differentiation is not explicit. Some careful writers have tried to maintain a logical differentiation between them, which is reflected in major medical dictionaries[7][8][9] and major general dictionaries.[10][11][12] The distinction is that tachycardia be reserved for the rapid heart rate itself, regardless of cause, physiologic or pathologic (that is, from healthy response to exercise or from cardiac arrhythmia), and that tachyarrhythmia be reserved for the pathologic form (that is, an arrhythmia of the rapid rate type). This is why five of the previously referenced ...
Anticoagulation can be used to reduce the risk of stroke from AF. Anticoagulation is recommended in most people other than those at low risk of stroke[77] or those at high risk of bleeding. The risk of falls and consequent bleeding in frail elderly people should not be considered a barrier to initiating or continuing anticoagulation since the risk of fall-related brain bleeding is low and the benefit of stroke prevention often outweighs the risk of bleeding.[78][79] Similarly, the presence or absence of AF symptoms does not determine whether a person warrants anticoagulation and is not an indicator of stroke risk.[33] Oral anticoagulation is underused in atrial fibrillation, while aspirin is overused in many who should be treated with a direct oral anticoagulant (DOAC) or warfarin.[80][81][82] In 2019, DOACs were often recommended over warfarin by the American Heart Association.[83] The risk of stroke from non-valvular AF can be estimated using the CHA2DS2-VASc score. In the 2019 AHA/ACC/HRS ...
LGL syndrome is diagnosed in a person who has experienced episodes of abnormal heart racing (arrhythmias) who has a PR interval less than or equal to 0.12 second (120 ms) with normal QRS complex configuration and duration on their resting ECG.[1] A short PR interval found incidentally on an ECG without episodes of tachycardia is simply a benign ECG variant. LGL can be distinguished from WPW syndrome because the delta waves seen in WPW syndrome are not seen in LGL syndrome. The QRS complex will also be narrow in LGL syndrome, as opposed to WPW, because ventricular conduction is via the His-Purkinje system. Lown-Ganong-Levine syndrome is a clinical diagnosis that came about before the advent of electrophysiology studies. It is important to be aware that not all WPW ECGs have a delta wave; the absence of a delta wave does not conclusively rule out WPW. ...
... s (PJCs), also called atrioventricular junctional premature complexes or junctional extrasystole, are premature cardiac electrical impulses originating from the atrioventricular node of the heart or "junction". This area is not the normal but only a secondary source of cardiac electrical impulse formation. These premature beats can be found occasionally in healthy people and more commonly in some pathologic conditions, typically in the case of drug cardiotoxicity, electrolyte imbalance, mitral valve surgery, and cold water immersion.[1] If more than two such beats are seen, then the condition is termed junctional rhythm. On the surface ECG, premature junctional contractions will appear as a normally shaped ventricular complex or QRS complex, not preceded by any atrial complex or P wave or preceded by an abnormal P wave with a shorter PR interval. Rarely, the abnormal P wave can follow the QRS.[2] ...
After any PVC there is a pause that can lead to the development of bigeminy. A PVC wavefront often encounters a refractory AV node that does not conduct the wavefront retrograde. Thus the atrium is not depolarized and the sinus node is not reset. Since the sinus p wave to PVC interval is less than the normal P-P interval, the interval between the PVC and the next p wave is prolonged to equal the normal time elapsed during two P-P intervals. This is called a "compensatory" pause. The pause after the PVC leads to a longer recovery time, which is associated with a higher likelihood of myocardium being in different stages of repolarization. This then allows for re-entrant circuits and sets up the ventricle for another PVC after the next sinus beat.[2] The constant interval between the sinus beat and PVC suggests a reentrant etiology rather than spontaneous automaticity of the ventricle.[3] Atrial premature complexes (APCs) do not have a compensatory pause since they reset the sinus node but atrial ...
Rupture field. Notes[edit]. *^ Cauchy, Augustin-Louis (1847), "Mémoire sur la théorie des équivalences algébriques, substituée ...
3: Rupture. *4: Strain hardening region. *5: Necking region. *A: Apparent stress (F/A0) ...
I71.8) Aortic aneurysm of unspecified site, ruptured. *(I71.9) Aortic aneurysm of unspecified site, without mention of rupture ... I23.3) Rupture of cardiac wall without haemopericardium as current complication following acute myocardial infarction ... I23.4) Rupture of chordae tendineae as current complication following acute myocardial infarction ... I23.5) Rupture of papillary muscle as current complication following acute myocardial infarction ...
The general cause of cardiac amyloidosis is misfolding of a specific protein precursor depending on the amyloidosis type. Protein precursors include immunoglobulin-derived light chains and transthyretin mutations.[2] The misfolding of the protein causes it to have insoluble beta-pleated sheets,[3] creating an amyloid. Amyloid, the aggregation, or clumping, of proteins, is resistant to degradation by the body. Amyloids are mostly fibrils, while also containing a P component, apolipoprotein, collagen, fibronectin, and laminin.[3] The P component, a pentameric protein, stabilizes the fibrils of the amyloid, which reduces their clearance from the body.[1] Deposits of the amyloids can occur through out of the body, including the heart, liver, kidneys, spleen, adrenal glands, and bones. Deposits in the extracellular cardiac space can stiffen the heart, resulting in restriction of the ventricles.[2] ...
Surawicz B, Childers R, Deal BJ, Gettes LS, Bailey JJ, Gorgels A, Hancock EW, Josephson M, Kligfield P, Kors JA, Macfarlane P, Mason JW, Mirvis DM, Okin P, Pahlm O, Rautaharju PM, van Herpen G, Wagner GS, Wellens H (2009). "AHA/ACCF/HRS recommendations for the standardization and interpretation of the electrocardiogram: part III: intraventricular conduction disturbances: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Electrocardiography and Arrhythmias Committee, Council on Clinical Cardiology; the American College of Cardiology Foundation; and the Heart Rhythm Society. Endorsed by the International Society for Computerized Electrocardiology". J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 53 (11): 976-81. doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2008.12.013. PMID 19281930 ...
An atheroembolism, or cholesterol embolism, is when an atherosclerotic plaque ruptures and becomes an embolism.Atherosclerosis ...
Typically an attack occurs without warning, leading to sudden loss of consciousness.[4] Prior to an attack, a patient may be pale with hypoperfusion. Abnormal movements may be present, typically consisting of twitching after 15-20 seconds of unconsciousness. (These movements, which are not seizures, occur because of brainstem hypoxia and not due to cortical discharge as is the case for epileptiform seizures). Breathing typically continues normally throughout the attack, and, upon recovery, the patient becomes flushed as the heart rapidly pumps the oxygenated blood from the pulmonary beds into the systemic circulation, which has become dilated due to hypoxia.[5] As with any syncopal episode that results from a cardiac dysrhythmia, the fainting does not depend on the patient's position. If it occurs during sleep, the presenting symptom may simply be feeling hot and flushed on waking.[5][6] ...
An ectopic pacemaker or ectopic focus is an excitable group of cells that causes a premature heart beat outside the normally functioning SA node of the heart. It is thus a cardiac pacemaker that is ectopic, producing an ectopic beat. Acute occurrence is usually non-life-threatening, but chronic occurrence can progress into tachycardia,[1] bradycardia or ventricular fibrillation.[2] In a normal heart beat rhythm, the SA node usually suppresses the ectopic pacemaker activity due to the higher impulse rate of the SA node. However, in the instance of either a malfunctioning SA node or an ectopic focus bearing an intrinsic rate superior to SA node rate, ectopic pacemaker activity may take over the natural heart rhythm.[3] This phenomenon (an intrinsically slower pacemaker activity being unmasked by failure of faster pacemaker tissue 'upstream') is called an escape rhythm, the lower rhythm having escaped from the dominance of the upper rhythm. As a rule, premature ectopic beats (i.e. with a shorter ...
... s (PACs), also known as atrial premature complexes (APC) or atrial premature beats (APB), are a common cardiac dysrhythmia characterized by premature heartbeats originating in the atria. While the sinoatrial node typically regulates the heartbeat during normal sinus rhythm, PACs occur when another region of the atria depolarizes before the sinoatrial node and thus triggers a premature heartbeat.[1] The exact cause of PACs is unclear; while several predisposing conditions exist, PACs commonly occur in healthy young and elderly people. Elderly people that get PACs usually don't need any further attention besides follow ups due to unclear evidence.[2][3] PACs are often completely asymptomatic and may be noted only with Holter monitoring, but occasionally they can be perceived as a skipped beat or a jolt in the chest. In most cases, no treatment other than reassurance is needed for PACs, although medications such as beta blockers can reduce the frequency of symptomatic ...
... (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD),[13] refers to a group of diseases which includes stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death.[14] It is within the group of cardiovascular diseases of which it is the most common type.[15] A common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck, or jaw.[4] Occasionally it may feel like heartburn. Usually symptoms occur with exercise or emotional stress, last less than a few minutes, and improve with rest.[4] Shortness of breath may also occur and sometimes no symptoms are present.[4] In many cases, the first sign is a heart attack.[5] Other complications include heart failure or an abnormal heartbeat.[5] Risk factors include high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, lack of exercise, obesity, high blood cholesterol, poor diet, depression, and excessive alcohol.[6][7][16] The underlying mechanism involves reduction of blood flow and oxygen to the ...
Location of rupture[edit]. By far the most common site for tearing in traumatic aortic rupture is the proximal descending aorta ... Aortic rupture can also be caused by non-traumatic mechanisms, particularly abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture. ... Traumatic aortic rupture, also called traumatic aortic disruption or transection, is a condition in which the aorta, the ... Thus traumatic aortic rupture is a common killer in automotive accidents and other traumas,[1] with up to 18% of deaths that ...
Define rupture. rupture synonyms, rupture pronunciation, rupture translation, English dictionary definition of rupture. n. 1. ... Rupture , Definition of Rupture by Merriam-Webster. ... Rupture , Definition of Rupture at ... Rupture , definition of rupture by Medical dictionary. ...
Specifically, watching Rupture you can feel the moment when the work of Chaplin and Keaton, always considered in the mainstream ... Bunuel even admitted that Carriere essentially wrote the formers memoir, My Last Sigh.) Rupture, then, is in many ways a first ... Conspicuously speechless, Rupture is rife with Tatiesque sound effects, subtly ker-splatting every tiny pratfall and object ... All of ten and a half minutes, Pierre Etaix and Jean-Claude Carrieres Rupture (1961) is as unassuming as cineastical, post- ...
Biceps tendon rupture (en); rupture du tendon du biceps (fr); Bizepssehnenruptur (de); Hauiksen repeämä (fi) Bizepssehnenriss ( ... Media in category "Biceps tendon rupture". The following 9 files are in this category, out of 9 total. ... Retrieved from "" ...
Source for information on Premature Rupture of Membranes: Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, 3rd ed. dictionary. ... Premature Rupture of Membranes Definition Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is an event that occurs during pregnancy when ... Premature Rupture of Membranes. Definition. Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is an event that occurs during pregnancy when ... "Premature Rupture of Membranes ." Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine, 3rd ed.. . Retrieved June 18, 2021 from ...
Acute Achilles tendon rupture. BMJ 2015; 351 doi: (Published 22 October 2015) Cite this as: ...
SOMEWHERE EN ROUTE FROM NOVEL TO FILM, BRUCE Wagners blistering leap for the Hollywood jugular, Im Losing You, changed shape and became heartfelt. Perhaps Wagner felt that The Player had already covered the satirical territory, or wanted to make a film that would have some appeal outside Bel Air, or...
Eagles tackle Jason Peters ruptured the Achilles tendon in his right leg and will have surgery next Tuesday, the team announced ... While the severity of the rupture is unknown, the injury typically takes six-nine months to recover from, if not longer. It ... Eagles tackle Jason Peters ruptured the Achilles tendon in his right leg and will have surgery next Tuesday, the team announced ... Eagles tackle Jason Peters ruptured his Achilles tendon and will have surgery next Tuesday. (Yong Kim/Staff File Photo) ...
RUPTURE follows Renee Morgan (Noomi Rapace), a single mom, who is deathly terrified of spiders. While in route to meet up with ... RUPTURE follows Renee Morgan (Noomi Rapace), a single mom, who is deathly terrified of spiders. While in route to meet up with ... Her captors explain to her that she has a genetic abnormality that can potentially allow her to "rupture" and reveal her alien ...
... talks with Rachel Maddow about how his town is dealing with the fallout from a nearby ruptured oil pipeline on the Yellowstone ... talks with Rachel Maddow about how his town is dealing with the fallout from a nearby ruptured oil pipeline on the Yellowstone ...
In most cases, these membranes rupture during labor or within 24 hours before starting labor. Premature rupture ... In most cases, these membranes rupture during labor or within 24 hours before starting labor. Premature rupture of the ... Premature rupture of the membranes. In: Resnick R, Lockwood CJ, Moore TR, Greene MF, Copel JA, Silver RM, eds. Creasy and ... Premature rupture of the membranes. In: Landon MB, Galan HL, Jauniaux ERM, et al, eds. Gabbes Obstetrics: Normal and Problem ...
Spontaneous Rupture of the Spleen. Br Med J 1878; 1 doi: (Published 04 May 1878) Cite ...
Choroidal rupture can be secondary to indirect or direct trauma. ... Choroidal ruptures are breaks in the choroid, the Bruch ... Older age and macular rupture, the length of the rupture, and the distance of the rupture to the center of the fovea may be ... Most eyes have a single rupture, but up to 25% of eyes have multiple ruptures. About 80% of ruptures occur temporal to the disc ... These ruptures have a crescent shape and are concentric to the optic disc. Indirect choroidal ruptures are almost 4 times more ...
Globe rupture occurs when the integrity of the outer membranes of the eye is disrupted by blunt or penetrating trauma. Any full ... encoded search term (Globe Rupture) and Globe Rupture What to Read Next on Medscape ... Globe rupture typically occurs at a younger age in men (median age, 36 y) than in women (median age, 73 y). [7] ... Globe rupture occurs when the integrity of the outer membranes of the eye is disrupted by blunt or penetrating trauma. Any full ...
I am looking for a code of a free wall rupture (left ventricular)repair w/CABG. I am coming up with 33542 or 33305? Any other ... Hello - I am looking for a code of a free wall rupture (left ventricular)repair w/CABG. I am coming up with 33542 or 33305? Any ...
after cyst rupture, confirming rupture of the cyst.. IMPRESSION:. Successful left L5-S1 synovial cyst rupture and instillation ... cyst rupture.. TECHNIQUE: After obtaining informed, written consent,. the back is prepped, draped and anesthetized in sterile ... resistance, indicating cyst rupture. Following this, 1 mL of. preservative free Celestone was slowly injected into the joint. A ... ...
Design and construction errors caused a water tank rupture that sent a 6-foot-high wall of water slamming into a townhouse ... WESTMINSTER - Design and construction errors caused a water tank rupture that sent a 6-foot-high wall of water slamming into a ... Also contributing to the rupture was the misplacement of a reinforcing steel tendon in an inner section of the circular ...
Splenic rupture is an unusual but life-threatening complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy. What went wrong for this ... and had ruptured into the peritoneum (sub capsular haematoma of the spleen that remained asymptomatic until its rupture). ... Table 1. Splenic rupture after LC in literature Author. Diagnosis. CT/US. Surgery. Outcome. ... Conclusions Splenic rupture is an unusual but life-threatening complication of LC. Direct visualization of the spleen at the ...
... from Cheshire High School for about an hour Tuesday after a gas line leading into the building was accidentally ruptured by a ... The digging that led to the ruptured line is part of a $9.2 million renovation and expansion of the high school. ... The gas line was ruptured about 8 a.m. Students were allowed back inside at 9:10. ... from Cheshire High School for about an hour Tuesday after a gas line leading into the building was accidentally ruptured by a ...
Uterine rupture, whether in the setting of a prior uterine incision or in an unscarred uterus, is an obstetric emergency with ... This article reviews the data regarding these antepartum and intrapartum predictors for uterine rupture. The author hopes that ... Identifying risk factors for uterine rupture.. Smith JG1, Mertz HL, Merrill DC. ... Numerous studies have been published regarding various risk factors associated with uterine rupture. Despite the mounting data ...
Uterine rupture is a serious childbirth complication that can occur during vaginal birth. Learn more about symptoms, causes, ... How is uterine rupture treated?. If a uterine rupture causes major blood loss, surgeons may need to remove a womans uterus to ... Can uterine rupture be prevented?. The only way to prevent uterine rupture is to have a cesarean delivery. It cant be fully ... How is uterine rupture diagnosed?. Uterine rupture happens suddenly and can be difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are ...
Cyst rupture or miscarriage?. I just lost my insurance, have a history of painful cysts (PCOS) and had my first healthy amazing ... I know my chat rupture cycle like the back of my hand & this felt different. I was actually worried I may be pregnant again a ... I know my chat rupture cycle like the back of my hand & this felt different. I was actually worried I may be pregnant again a ...
Rupture of the deep dorsal vein? I think a complete rupture would have led to a lot of bleeding, and I would have seen my penis ... Rupture of the deep dorsal vein? I think a complete rupture would have led to a lot of bleeding, and I would have seen my penis ... penile fracture? vein rupture? atlantico After 22 days of bending of my penis, I am still trying to get a diagnosis. The thing ... penile fracture? vein rupture?. After 22 days of bending of my penis, I am still trying to get a diagnosis. The thing is that ...
Rupture Discs? Graingers got your back. Easy online ordering for the ones who get it done along with 24/7 customer service, ... 4 Rupture Discs 1 result found that include 10 products Rupture discs provide rapid pressure relief to protect systems from ...
An ammonia cylinder burst late Monday while being heated as part of preparations to restart the alkylation unit at Marathon Petroleum Corps 86,000 barrel-per-day Texas City, Texas, refinery, sources familiar with plant operations said on Tuesday.
To investigate the role of weak materials in earthquake rupture dynamics, we conducted friction experiments and dynamic rupture ... We used similar rupture simulations to investigate the cause of the huge slip near the trench during the 2011 Tohoku-Oki ... which is thought to counter their ability to enhance seismic rupture. It is well known that if the permeability of a weak fault ... were able to trigger large slip because their extremely low friction was insufficient to arrest the inertial motion of rupture ...
A ruptured eardrum is an opening or hole in the eardrum. The eardrum is a thin piece of tissue that separates the outer and ... A ruptured eardrum is an opening or hole in the eardrum. The eardrum is a thin piece of tissue that separates the outer and ... Repair of the eardrum might be needed for larger holes or ruptures or if the eardrum does not heal on its own. This can be done ... If the eardrum is ruptured, the doctor will see an opening in it. The bones of the middle ear may also be visible. ...
... or rupture) occurs following a blunt impact to the lower back region. We discuss symptoms and treatment here. ... An abdominal strain is a tear or rupture of part of the abdominal muscles, usually at the point where it attaches to the pelvis ... A kidney laceration (or rupture) occurs following a blunt impact to the lower back region, whether its a fall or a physical ...
Helping you find trustworthy answers on Uterine Rupture , Latest evidence made easy ... Find all the evidence you need on Uterine Rupture via the Trip Database. ... Outcomes of Uterine Rupture Outcomes of Uterine Rupture Outcomes of Uterine Rupture - Full Text View - Hide ... Uterine Rupture Uterine Rupture Uterine Rupture Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal ...
  • Close attention will be paid to the symptoms of the rupture. (
  • What are the symptoms of uterine rupture? (
  • A variety of symptoms are associated with uterine ruptures. (
  • Uterine rupture happens suddenly and can be difficult to diagnose because the symptoms are often nonspecific. (
  • Each type of tendon rupture has its own signs and symptoms and can be treated either surgically or medically depending on the severity of the rupture and the confidence of the surgeon. (
  • What are the signs and symptoms of a ruptured eardrum? (
  • Silicone implant rupture that doesn't cause any noticeable symptoms is known as "silent rupture. (
  • It is usually diagnosed incidentally in imaging tests such as computed tomogram (CT) or by patient symptoms such as retroperitoneal hemorrhage due to tumor rupture. (
  • Yet the finding of a rupture was quite surprising in several of the patients: two had no symptoms of rupture, two had atypical symptoms, and one had a calcium score of zero. (
  • Most aneurysms are discovered incidentally, since they hardly ever cause symptoms before rupturing,' she added. (
  • Premature rupture of membranes (PROM) is an event that occurs during pregnancy when the sac containing the developing baby (fetus) and the amniotic fluid bursts or develops a hole prior to the start of labor. (
  • Vision loss depends on whether the choroidal rupture involves the fovea and whether and where CNV occurs. (
  • Globe rupture occurs when the integrity of the outer membranes of the eye is disrupted by blunt or penetrating trauma. (
  • Globe rupture typically occurs at a younger age in men (median age, 36 y) than in women (median age, 73 y). (
  • When a uterine rupture occurs, the uterus's contents - including the baby - may spill into the mother's abdomen. (
  • However, fatal bleeding due to uterine rupture is rare when it occurs in a hospital. (
  • A kidney laceration (or rupture) occurs following a blunt impact to the lower back region, whether it's a fall or a physical attack. (
  • Balloon rupture, although it occurs rarely, may lead to entrapment if diagnosis delays. (
  • A ruptured or perforated eardrum (tympanic membrane) occurs when there is a hole or tear in the tympanic membrane that separates the middle ear from the ear canal. (
  • The proximal rupture occurs where the biceps attaches at the top of your shoulder. (
  • In general, tendon rupture occurs in a middle-aged or older man. (
  • Rupture usually occurs in the section of the tendon situated within 2 1/2 inches (about 6 centimeters) of the point where it attaches to the heel bone. (
  • A ruptured spleen is an emergency medical condition that occurs when the capsule-like covering of the spleen breaks open, pouring blood into your abdominal area. (
  • When rupture occurs, the patella loses support from the tibia and moves toward the hip when the quadriceps muscle contracts, hindering the leg's ability to extend. (
  • The surgical repair of an acute or chronic rupture of the Achilles tendon typically occurs in an outpatient setting. (
  • The liquid silicone gel implants sold in the United States prior to 1992 are more likely to leak beyond the capsule of scar tissue surrounding the implant if a rupture occurs. (
  • Uterine rupture occurs when there is a tear in the wall of a woman's uterus. (
  • A rupture occurs when this tendon partially or completely tears. (
  • The peak age for Achilles tendon rupture is 30 to 40. (
  • Achilles tendon rupture is up to five times more likely to occur in men than in women. (
  • Fluoroquinolone antibiotics, such as ciprofloxacin (Cipro) or levofloxacin (Levaquin), increase the risk of Achilles tendon rupture. (
  • The calf stretch exercise can help prevent an Achilles tendon rupture. (
  • What are the goals of surgery for an Achilles tendon rupture? (
  • Those best suited for surgical repair of an acute or chronic Achilles tendon rupture include healthy, active people who want to return to activities such as jogging, running, biking, etc. (
  • You should not have this surgery if you have active infection or unhealthy skin at or around the site of the Achilles tendon rupture, or if you are not healthy enough to undergo surgery. (
  • There are a variety of ways to repair an Achilles tendon rupture. (
  • There are no known guidelines to prevent an Achilles tendon rupture. (
  • Available at: (
  • More than 80 out of 100 people who have surgery for an Achilles tendon rupture are able to return to all the activities they did before the injury, including returning to sports. (
  • An Achilles tendon rupture is usually treated with surgery or with a cast, splint, brace, or other device that will keep your lower leg and ankle from moving ( immobilization). (
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture: Should I Have Surgery? (
  • An MRI taken last night confirmed the diagnosis as a left Achilles tendon rupture. (
  • We report an unusual case of splenic rupture presenting after "uncomplicated" LC. (
  • Abdominal computed tomography confirmed the diagnosis of splenic rupture, and the patient required an urgent splenectomy through midline incision. (
  • Conclusions Splenic rupture is an unusual but life-threatening complication of LC. (
  • Your doctor may refer to a ruptured spleen as a "splenic rupture. (
  • IM should be considered a possible diagnosis in any case of splenic rupture whose histology suggests possible aggressive lymphoma. (
  • Diagnosis and treatment of atraumatic splenic rupture: Experience of 8 cases. (
  • After the surgeon finds the two ends of the ruptured tendon, these ends are sewn together with sutures. (
  • Diagnosis is further complicated by the fact that many patients with the injury experienced multiple other serious injuries as well, [10] so the attention of hospital staff may be distracted from the possibility of aortic rupture. (
  • Spontaneous urinary collecting system rupture should be considered in emergency rooms in the differential diagnosis of renal colic or acute abdomen. (
  • Spontaneous ureteral rupture , diagnosis and treatment. (
  • The official diagnosis is that Oladipo has a ruptured quad tendon in his right knee. (
  • But 4% (7/176) of the study patients showed no calcium on the unenhanced scan, which led the researchers, by process of elimination, to a diagnosis of plaque rupture. (
  • Thus traumatic aortic rupture is a common killer in automotive accidents and other traumas, [1] with up to 18% of deaths that occur in automobile collisions being related to the injury. (
  • Premature rupture of the membranes (PROM) is said to occur when the membranes break before the 37th week of pregnancy. (
  • About 80% of ruptures occur temporal to the disc, and 66% involve the macula. (
  • Globe rupture may occur when a blunt object impacts the orbit, compressing the globe along the anterior-posterior axis causing an elevation in intraocular pressure to a point that the sclera tears. (
  • Despite the mounting data regarding both antepartum and intrapartum factors, it currently is impossible to predict in whom a uterine rupture will occur. (
  • Uterine rupture is a rare, but serious childbirth complication that can occur during vaginal birth. (
  • Rupture, the most serious complication of appendicitis, can occur within 24 hours after the appendix becomes inflamed. (
  • Depending on the size of the rupture, a large amount of internal bleeding can occur. (
  • Re-rupture can also occur. (
  • The complete rupture of the teres major, one of seven muscles of the upper limb that connects the long bone in the arm to shoulder blade, is an extremely rare injury that tends to occur in baseball players -- mostly pitchers who throw the baseball. (
  • A pressure differential of 17 kPa (120 mmHg) across the eardrum, which can occur in about 1.7 to 5.3 ft of water, can cause the eardrum to rupture. (
  • A physical exam may be the only test done to diagnose a ruptured spleen. (
  • Imaging tests can help diagnose a ruptured spleen. (
  • A ruptured or perforated eardrum is an opening in the tympanic membrane (eardrum). (
  • The government has released the report of an inquiry into the fuel supply disruption caused by the rupture of a key pipeline in September 2017. (
  • A section of the pipe that brings diesel, petrol and jet fuel from Marsden Point Oil Refinery to Auckland ruptured in September 2017, leaking jet fuel into several paddocks and halting fuel supply to Auckland Airport for 10 days, leading to flight cancellations and some petrol stations running out of fuel. (
  • Doctors are concerned the drug could make any pre-existing aneurysms or other arterial abnormalities prone to rupture. (
  • 7mm) aneurysms have often been left untreated, even though such aneurysms have also been known to rupture and cause brain hemorrhages. (
  • The new study established that approximately one third of all aneurysms and up to one fourth of small aneurysms will rupture during a patient's lifetime. (
  • The risk of rupture is particularly high for female smokers with brain aneurysms of seven millimeters or more in diameter. (
  • This is not to say that aneurysms in non-smoking men never rupture, but that the risk is much lower than we previously thought. (
  • A team of researchers at Baylor College of Medicine, the Texas Heart Institute and Baylor College of Medicine's Cardiovascular Research Institute has found that ciprofloxacin, a widely prescribed antibiotic, increases the risk of tears and rupture on the main artery of the body, the aorta, in a mouse model of human aortic aneurysms and dissections (AAD), a disease that carries high risk of death from aortic rupture. (
  • They found that patients who received fluoroquinolones had a higher risk for aneurysms (formation of balloon-like areas in the aorta that weaken the integrity of the vessel), ruptures or dissections (tears in the wall) than patients who did not receive the antibiotics. (
  • The CT scan evaluation had identified a subgroup of patients with aneurysms associated with chronic contained rupture. (
  • Guidelines released by the Society for Vascular Surgery now recommend endovascular repair over surgery for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms . (
  • Fortunately, not all aortic aneurysms reach the point of rupture. (
  • We think most aneurysms never rupture,' said Vlak, a neurologist at the Utrecht Stroke Centre at University Medical Centre in Utrecht, the Netherlands. (
  • If the water breaks before the 37th week of pregnancy, it is called preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). (
  • You may hear this early PROM referred to as preterm premature rupture of membranes, or pPROM . (
  • Hemorrhage in conjunction with retinal edema may obscure the choroidal rupture during the acute phases. (
  • Subconjunctival hemorrhage of this severity should raise suspicion of occult globe rupture. (
  • In the mother, uterine ruptures can cause major blood loss, or hemorrhage. (
  • The FDA package insert for Pitocin even states that maternal deaths from "hypertensive episodes, subarachnoid hemorrhage, rupture of the uterus, and fetal deaths and permanent CNS or brain damage of the infant due to various causes have been reported to be associated with the use of parenteral oxytocic drugs for induction of labor or for augmentation in the first and second stages of labor. (
  • Interstitial rupture is quite dangerous, as its proximity to uterine and ovarian vessels can result in massive hemorrhage. (
  • We present a patient with retroperitoneal hemorrhage due to spontaneous rupture of a myelolipoma with enlargement of the mass and hemorrhage during the follow-up regimen of watchful waiting. (
  • Rupture and bleeding of the myelolipoma is an infrequent complication resulting in a massive retroperitoneal hemorrhage. (
  • A perforated (ruptured, punctured) eardrum (tympanic membrane) is a hole or tear in the eardrum. (
  • By far the most common site for tearing in traumatic aortic rupture is the proximal descending aorta , near where the left subclavian artery branches off from the aorta. (
  • Spontaneous Uterine Rupture in a Preterm Pregnancy following Myomectomy A 44-year-old nulliparous woman was transferred to a tertiary obstetric hospital for investigation of acute onset abdominal pain. (
  • Repair of an acute rupture often takes somewhere between 30 minutes and one hour. (
  • Surgical interventions for treating acute Achilles tendon ruptures. (
  • Plaque rupture is the most frequent cause of acute coronary syndromes, but detecting its occurrence is a challenge even with invasive imaging methods such as intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and conventional angiography. (
  • I think a complete rupture would have led to a lot of bleeding, and I would have seen my penis violet for days. (
  • If there has been a complete rupture of the Achilles tendon then the foot will not move as expected. (
  • Sometimes is can be difficult to tell if there has been a complete rupture of the Achilles tendon just by looking or level of pain. (
  • A complete rupture of the Achilles tendon is a serious injury and. (
  • [1] In a complete rupture the ability to extend that knee is decreased. (
  • An MRI showed a complete rupture of the teres major. (
  • But in older people and in those with certain diseases (such as gout and hyperparathyroidism) tendon ruptures are more common. (
  • If your Achilles tendon ruptures, you might hear a pop, followed by an immediate sharp pain in the back of your ankle and lower leg that is likely to affect your ability to walk properly. (
  • However, this medication can weaken nearby tendons and has been associated with Achilles tendon ruptures. (
  • The future of non-surgical care for partial patella tendon ruptures is likely bioengineering. (
  • I've been in and out of clinics for months, until last week I was told my left implant was in fact ruptured - meaning there's a hole with its contents leaking out. (
  • If these patients have in fact ruptured a plaque, that would be key," Schwartz said. (
  • Uterine ruptures are usually a much greater health concern for the baby. (
  • About 6 percent of babies don't survive their mothers' uterine ruptures. (
  • In a 25-year study on uterine rupture, 52 percent of women who suffered uterine ruptures had scars from previous cesarean sections. (
  • The scientific literature unambiguously concludes that the mismanagement of Pitocin can cause uterine ruptures and placental abruptions. (
  • About 12.5% of uterine ruptures are associated with the injudicious use of Pitocin. (
  • Numerous studies have been published regarding various risk factors associated with uterine rupture. (
  • Anglo-French rupture , from Latin ruptura fracture, from ruptus, past participle of rumpere to break - more at reave 2 : to produce a break or tear in High water pressure rupture d the pipe. (
  • 3 : to have or develop a break or tear The blood vessel rupture d. (
  • A tracheal or bronchial rupture is a tear or break in the windpipe (trachea) or bronchial tubes, the major airways leading to the lungs. (
  • An abdominal strain is a tear or rupture of part of the abdominal muscles, usually at the point where it attaches to the pelvis. (
  • If you overstretch your Achilles tendon, it can tear (rupture). (
  • A rupture of the Achilles tendon is a complete or partial tear of the tendon that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. (
  • A total rupture of the Achilles tendon is a complete tear of the tendon and typically affects men over the age of 40 involved in recreational sport. (
  • Patellar tendon rupture is a tear of the tendon that connects the knee cap (patella) to the tibia . (
  • If the tendon rupture is a partial tear (without the two parts of the tendon being separated), then non-surgical methods of treatment may suffice. (
  • All types of breast implants have an outer, silicone shell that can potentially develop a tear or hole called a rupture. (
  • If these implants rupture, they tend to get a tear in the shell (also known as a "gel fracture"), which can compromise the shape and appearance of the implant. (
  • In contrast, a "window" rupture is when the uterus partially separates but does not really tear open. (
  • 1. Fluoroscopic-guided synovial cyst rupture. (
  • Using non-bacteriostatic preservative-free saline, the joint and cyst are injected with resistance and then loss of resistance, indicating cyst rupture. (
  • Contrast extends beyond the original boundary of the cyst on the infusion of contrast after cyst rupture, confirming rupture of the cyst. (
  • Successful left L5-S1 synovial cyst rupture and instillation of preservative free Celestone, as outlined above. (
  • Cyst rupture or miscarriage? (
  • If you have a ruptured cyst, learn how to treat it to reduce discomfort and avoid complications. (
  • If the ruptured cyst is functional cyst, that means it can be treated at home. (
  • If you are treating the ruptured cyst at home, use heat. (
  • Herbal teas don't specifically treat the ruptured cyst, but they can help with pain. (
  • This section might be prone to rupture because blood flow is poor, which also can impair its ability to heal. (
  • Surgery is often performed to repair the rupture. (
  • How will my foot and ankle orthopaedic surgeon repair the rupture? (
  • Your surgeon might be able to use stitches or other techniques to repair the rupture. (
  • The lifetime risk for rupture of a brain aneurysm depends heavily on the patient's overall load of risk factors. (
  • If you have a brain aneurysm, drinking coffee, having sex or even getting angry may boost the risk of it rupturing, a new study suggests. (
  • In the study, published online in the journal Stroke , researchers asked 250 patients who had suffered a ruptured brain aneurysm about their exposure to 30 possible triggers before the haemorrhage. (
  • Sep 29, 2018 · A gallbladder rupture is a medical condition where the gallbladder leaks or bursts. (
  • Spontaneous Rupture of the Å'sophagus with Recovery Following Repair 14291268 1996 12 01 2018 12 01 0035-9157 58 1965 Jun Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine Proc. (
  • Rupture of the Oesophagus Simulating Myocardial Infarction 14253730 1996 12 01 2018 12 01 0032-5473 41 1965 Jan Postgraduate medical journal Postgrad Med J RUPTURE OF THE OESOPHAGUS SIMULATING MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION. (
  • 5676956 1968 11 06 2018 11 13 0007-1447 3 5617 1968 Aug 31 British medical journal Br Med J Intramural rupture of the oesophagus. (
  • ‘Spontaneous’ rupture of the healthy oesophagus 5662191 1968 09 05 2018 11 13 0032-5473 44 513 1968 Jul Postgraduate medical journal Postgrad Med J "Spontaneous" rupture of the healthy oesophagus. (
  • In 2018 the FDA issued yet another warning on fluoroquinolones, this time about the risk of ruptures or tears in the aorta. (
  • In the most common sequence of events (about 90% of all deliveries), the amniotic membrane breaks (ruptures) around this time. (
  • After amniotic membranes have ruptured, tocolytic medicine is less effective in slowing or stopping preterm labour contractions. (
  • Collingwood star Steele Sidebottom will undergo surgery on a ruptured testicle and will miss Friday night's clash with Essendon. (
  • A woman's risk of uterine rupture increases with every cesarean section. (
  • The spleen can rupture when the abdomen suffers a severe direct blow or blunt trauma. (
  • depends on which tendon you ruptured and how severe the rupture is. (
  • A uterine rupture often results in severe injuries from oxygen deprivation to the child and potentially life-threatening blood loss for the mother. (
  • Doctors should suspect a uterine rupture if the mother suddenly experiences severe pain in her abdomen and the fetus' heart rate slows. (
  • Two-dimensional and 3-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography clearly visualized the ruptured head of the posteromedial papillary muscle, the freely mobile stump within the left ventricle, and severe eccentric mitral regurgitation ( Figure 3A - 3C and Movies IV-VI in the online-only Data Supplement). (
  • An invasive angiogram (below) from the same patient showed extraluminal contrast (arrow) representing a ruptured plaque associated with a severe stenosis in the left anterior descending artery. (
  • The best surgical technique for your Achilles rupture will be determined by your foot and ankle orthopaedic surgeon​ . (
  • In a 2013 study, researchers looked at device-retrieval data from the implant manufacturers Mentor and Allergan and found that 51 to 64% of silicone implant ruptures were caused by damage by surgical instruments during the initial implant surgery. (
  • Once a uterine rupture is discovered, timely surgical intervention is needed. (
  • The success of your surgery can depend on your surgeon's experience, the type of surgical procedure used, the extent of tendon damage, how soon after rupture the surgery is done, and how soon your rehabilitation program starts after surgery and how well you follow it. (
  • Antibiotics such as fluoroquinolones increase the risk for tendon rupture, particularly the Achilles tendon. (
  • Treatment for rupture involves antibiotics, usually administered intravenously in the hospital. (
  • The risk of tendon rupture is also increased with the use of quinolone antibiotics (e.g. ciprofloxacin, Levaquin). (
  • A uterine rupture can be a life-threatening complication of childbirth for both the mother and the baby. (
  • Treatment of eardrum rupture varies from person to person. (
  • The scanty data available on human eardrum rupture from blast pressure suggest a normal distribution of rupture about a median overpressure of 15 psi. (
  • People with trauma who develop a tracheal or bronchial rupture often have other injuries. (
  • Traumatic aortic rupture , also called traumatic aortic disruption or transection , is a condition in which the aorta , the largest artery in the body, is torn or ruptured as a result of trauma to the body. (
  • Choroidal ruptures are breaks in the choroid, the Bruch membrane, and the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) that result from blunt ocular trauma (the most common eye injury). (
  • Choroidal rupture can be secondary to indirect or direct trauma. (
  • Globe rupture secondary to trauma is shown in the image below. (
  • Operating microscope view of a globe rupture secondary to blunt trauma by a fist. (
  • In a retrospective review, Esmaeli et al studied 176 cases of ruptured globe to identify clinical and histopathologic factors that may predict ocular survival and final visual acuity after penetrating ocular trauma. (
  • Implant rupture can happen because of normal aging of the implant, trauma caused by a car accident, a needle insertion during a biopsy, or other factors. (
  • Uterine rupture, whether in the setting of a prior uterine incision or in an unscarred uterus, is an obstetric emergency with potentially catastrophic consequences for both mother and child. (
  • A complete uterine rupture is far more dangerous and is when the uterus completely tears. (
  • To check for a uterine rupture, doctors will perform a laparotomy, a small incision in the abdomen, in order to view the uterus. (
  • A ruptured uterus is an emergency situation that medical professionals must handle with care in order to prevent serious injury. (
  • Older age and macular rupture, the length of the rupture, and the distance of the rupture to the center of the fovea may be risk factors for CNV. (
  • Identifying risk factors for uterine rupture. (
  • The author hopes that the information presented in this article will help clinicians assess an individual's risk for uterine rupture. (
  • This puts more women are at risk of uterine rupture. (
  • There is concern about the risk of uterine rupture in the subsequent pregnancy after myomectomy. (
  • [ 1 , 2 ] Up to 15% of splenic ruptures without risk factors or previously diagnosed disease have been attributed to IM. (
  • However, a recent study by researchers from the University of Helsinki and Helsinki University Central Hospital demonstrated that the size of an aneurysm has no great significance on the risk of rupture. (
  • Such studies have shown that the size of the aneurysm is the most significant factor predicting its risk for rupture. (
  • What surprised the researchers most was that the size of an aneurysm had little impact on its risk for rupture, particularly for men, despite a previously presumed correlation. (
  • In addition, the risk of rupture among non-smoking men was exceptionally low. (
  • However, as with any imaging test, there's some risk that the results will not be accurate - a rupture may not show up or an intact implant may appear to be ruptured on an MRI. (
  • With an autologous reconstruction, you won't have any risk of a rupture in the future or of the other complications that can develop with implants. (
  • If you had a c-section before, there is a potential risk of uterine rupture. (
  • This lowers the risk of it rupturing again. (
  • Risk of repeat Achilles rupture. (
  • Compared to immobilization, surgery provides a shorter recovery period and a reduced risk that the tendon will rupture again. (
  • The sign of a ruptured patella tendon is the movement of the patella further up the quadriceps. (
  • The rupture site is most commonly near the globe's equator posterior to the insertion of the rectus muscles, which is where the sclera is weakest and thinnest. (
  • Globe rupture and posterior segment injury have always been associated with a high frequency of visual loss. (
  • Globe rupture is an ophthalmologic emergency and requires definitive management by an ophthalmologist. (
  • Ruptured globe is an ophthalmologic emergency, leading to disrupted integrity of the outer membranes of the eye. (
  • In some rare instances, tendons can snap or rupture. (
  • Sometimes the membranes burst before the start of labor, and this is called premature rupture of membranes (PROM). (
  • In most cases, these membranes rupture during labor or within 24 hours before starting labor. (
  • Often, the membranes rupture (break) during labor. (
  • When the water breaks early, it is called premature rupture of membranes (PROM). (
  • If you think your membranes have ruptured, call your health care provider right away. (
  • At the hospital, simple tests can confirm that your membranes have ruptured. (
  • When this happens before contractions start, it is called premature rupture of membranes (PROM). (
  • While the severity of the rupture is unknown, the injury typically takes six-nine months to recover from, if not longer. (
  • When the infection from the rupture spreads from the contained area inside the appendix to the entire peritoneum, the patient's body temperature rises. (
  • Every reference was reviewed for possible inclusion and all eligible cases of uterine rupture were considered.Twenty-three studies with at least five cases of pregnancy after myomectomy were identified, with an overall incidence of uterine rupture of 0.6% (0.3-1.1%) (n = 11/1825). (
  • Rupture is a 2016 American independently made science fiction horror thriller film directed by Steven Shainberg and starring Noomi Rapace. (
  • RUPTURE follows Renee Morgan (Noomi Rapace), a single mom, who is deathly terrified of spiders. (
  • Many patients are able to continue to function following an Achilles rupture due to other muscles compensating, although the injured leg will be significantly weaker. (
  • Moreover, rheological measurements have shown that above some critical load, the network displays substantial softening, suggesting a major disruption of the actin network, possibly because of filament rupture, filament buckling, unfolding of APBs, or unbinding of ABPs ( 16 , 30 ). (
  • The severity and even the location of the pain depend on how badly the spleen has ruptured and how much blood leaks out. (
  • When a saline implant ruptures or its valve fails, the saline leaks out quickly - typically over the course of a few days - and the breast appears somewhat deflated, so you know immediately that it's ruptured. (
  • When a silicone implant ruptures, the gel leaks out more slowly because it's thicker, so it may take you longer to realize that the implant has ruptured, or you may not realize it at all. (
  • A study of people who died after traumatic aortic rupture found that in 55-65% of cases the damage was at the aortic isthmus and in 10-14% it was in the ascending aorta or aortic arch . (
  • Why can't doctors simply suture torn or ruptured back ligaments? (
  • Rory McIlroy has a "10% chance" of playing in the British Open after the world's No. 1 golfer ruptured his ankle ligaments while playing soccer. (
  • Eagles tackle Jason Peters ruptured his Achilles tendon and will have surgery next Tuesday. (
  • Eagles tackle Jason Peters ruptured the Achilles tendon in his right leg and will have surgery next Tuesday, the team announced Friday. (
  • Jason Peters , the Eagles ' All-Pro left tackle, ruptured his Achilles tendon this week, the team announced Friday. (
  • Ruptures of the biceps are classified as proximal (close) or distal (far). (