Optical Rotation: The rotation of linearly polarized light as it passes through various media.Range of Motion, Articular: The distance and direction to which a bone joint can be extended. Range of motion is a function of the condition of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues involved. Joint flexibility can be improved through appropriate MUSCLE STRETCHING EXERCISES.Reflex, Vestibulo-Ocular: A reflex wherein impulses are conveyed from the cupulas of the SEMICIRCULAR CANALS and from the OTOLITHIC MEMBRANE of the SACCULE AND UTRICLE via the VESTIBULAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM and the median longitudinal fasciculus to the OCULOMOTOR NERVE nuclei. It functions to maintain a stable retinal image during head rotation by generating appropriate compensatory EYE MOVEMENTS.Biomechanical Phenomena: The properties, processes, and behavior of biological systems under the action of mechanical forces.Head Movements: Voluntary or involuntary motion of head that may be relative to or independent of body; includes animals and humans.Torsion Abnormality: An abnormal twisting or rotation of a bodily part or member on its axis.Movement: The act, process, or result of passing from one place or position to another. It differs from LOCOMOTION in that locomotion is restricted to the passing of the whole body from one place to another, while movement encompasses both locomotion but also a change of the position of the whole body or any of its parts. Movement may be used with reference to humans, vertebrate and invertebrate animals, and microorganisms. Differentiate also from MOTOR ACTIVITY, movement associated with behavior.Vestibule, Labyrinth: An oval, bony chamber of the inner ear, part of the bony labyrinth. It is continuous with bony COCHLEA anteriorly, and SEMICIRCULAR CANALS posteriorly. The vestibule contains two communicating sacs (utricle and saccule) of the balancing apparatus. The oval window on its lateral wall is occupied by the base of the STAPES of the MIDDLE EAR.Shoulder Joint: The articulation between the head of the HUMERUS and the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA.Semicircular Canals: Three long canals (anterior, posterior, and lateral) of the bony labyrinth. They are set at right angles to each other and are situated posterosuperior to the vestibule of the bony labyrinth (VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH). The semicircular canals have five openings into the vestibule with one shared by the anterior and the posterior canals. Within the canals are the SEMICIRCULAR DUCTS.Torsion, Mechanical: A twisting deformation of a solid body about an axis. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Torque: The rotational force about an axis that is equal to the product of a force times the distance from the axis where the force is applied.Eye Movements: Voluntary or reflex-controlled movements of the eye.Flagella: A whiplike motility appendage present on the surface cells. Prokaryote flagella are composed of a protein called FLAGELLIN. Bacteria can have a single flagellum, a tuft at one pole, or multiple flagella covering the entire surface. In eukaryotes, flagella are threadlike protoplasmic extensions used to propel flagellates and sperm. Flagella have the same basic structure as CILIA but are longer in proportion to the cell bearing them and present in much smaller numbers. (From King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)Nystagmus, Physiologic: Involuntary rhythmical movements of the eyes in the normal person. These can be naturally occurring as in end-position (end-point, end-stage, or deviational) nystagmus or induced by the optokinetic drum (NYSTAGMUS, OPTOKINETIC), caloric test, or a rotating chair.Otolithic Membrane: A gelatinous membrane overlying the acoustic maculae of SACCULE AND UTRICLE. It contains minute crystalline particles (otoliths) of CALCIUM CARBONATE and protein on its outer surface. In response to head movement, the otoliths shift causing distortion of the vestibular hair cells which transduce nerve signals to the BRAIN for interpretation of equilibrium.Acceleration: An increase in the rate of speed.Shoulder: Part of the body in humans and primates where the arms connect to the trunk. The shoulder has five joints; ACROMIOCLAVICULAR joint, CORACOCLAVICULAR joint, GLENOHUMERAL joint, scapulathoracic joint, and STERNOCLAVICULAR joint.Vestibular Nerve: The vestibular part of the 8th cranial nerve (VESTIBULOCOCHLEAR NERVE). The vestibular nerve fibers arise from neurons of Scarpa's ganglion and project peripherally to vestibular hair cells and centrally to the VESTIBULAR NUCLEI of the BRAIN STEM. These fibers mediate the sense of balance and head position.Posture: The position or attitude of the body.Orientation: Awareness of oneself in relation to time, place and person.Supination: Applies to movements of the forearm in turning the palm forward or upward. When referring to the foot, a combination of adduction and inversion movements of the foot.Scapula: Also called the shoulder blade, it is a flat triangular bone, a pair of which form the back part of the shoulder girdle.Molecular Motor Proteins: Proteins that are involved in or cause CELL MOVEMENT such as the rotary structures (flagellar motor) or the structures whose movement is directed along cytoskeletal filaments (MYOSIN; KINESIN; and DYNEIN motor families).Head: The upper part of the human body, or the front or upper part of the body of an animal, typically separated from the rest of the body by a neck, and containing the brain, mouth, and sense organs.Cadaver: A dead body, usually a human body.Torso: The central part of the body to which the neck and limbs are attached.Joint Instability: Lack of stability of a joint or joint prosthesis. Factors involved are intra-articular disease and integrity of extra-articular structures such as joint capsule, ligaments, and muscles.Scoliosis: An appreciable lateral deviation in the normally straight vertical line of the spine. (Dorland, 27th ed)Motion: Physical motion, i.e., a change in position of a body or subject as a result of an external force. It is distinguished from MOVEMENT, a process resulting from biological activity.Imaging, Three-Dimensional: The process of generating three-dimensional images by electronic, photographic, or other methods. For example, three-dimensional images can be generated by assembling multiple tomographic images with the aid of a computer, while photographic 3-D images (HOLOGRAPHY) can be made by exposing film to the interference pattern created when two laser light sources shine on an object.Models, Molecular: Models used experimentally or theoretically to study molecular shape, electronic properties, or interactions; includes analogous molecules, computer-generated graphics, and mechanical structures.Pronation: Applies to movements of the forearm in turning the palm backward or downward. When referring to the foot, a combination of eversion and abduction movements in the tarsal and metatarsal joints (turning the foot up and in toward the midline of the body).Humerus: Bone in humans and primates extending from the SHOULDER JOINT to the ELBOW JOINT.Proton-Translocating ATPases: Multisubunit enzymes that reversibly synthesize ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE. They are coupled to the transport of protons across a membrane.Clinical Clerkship: Undergraduate education programs for second- , third- , and fourth-year students in health sciences in which the students receive clinical training and experience in teaching hospitals or affiliated health centers.Proprioception: Sensory functions that transduce stimuli received by proprioceptive receptors in joints, tendons, muscles, and the INNER EAR into neural impulses to be transmitted to the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. Proprioception provides sense of stationary positions and movements of one's body parts, and is important in maintaining KINESTHESIA and POSTURAL BALANCE.Vestibular Nuclei: The four cellular masses in the floor of the fourth ventricle giving rise to a widely dispersed special sensory system. Included is the superior, medial, inferior, and LATERAL VESTIBULAR NUCLEUS. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Baseball: A competitive nine-member team sport including softball.Hip Joint: The joint that is formed by the articulation of the head of FEMUR and the ACETABULUM of the PELVIS.Models, Biological: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Motion Perception: The real or apparent movement of objects through the visual field.Knee Joint: A synovial hinge connection formed between the bones of the FEMUR; TIBIA; and PATELLA.Brachial Plexus Neuropathies: Diseases of the cervical (and first thoracic) roots, nerve trunks, cords, and peripheral nerve components of the BRACHIAL PLEXUS. Clinical manifestations include regional pain, PARESTHESIA; MUSCLE WEAKNESS, and decreased sensation (HYPESTHESIA) in the upper extremity. These disorders may be associated with trauma (including BIRTH INJURIES); THORACIC OUTLET SYNDROME; NEOPLASMS; NEURITIS; RADIOTHERAPY; and other conditions. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1351-2)Kinesthesis: Sense of movement of a part of the body, such as movement of fingers, elbows, knees, limbs, or weights.Models, Anatomic: Three-dimensional representation to show anatomic structures. Models may be used in place of intact animals or organisms for teaching, practice, and study.Rotator Cuff: The musculotendinous sheath formed by the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, subscapularis, and teres minor muscles. These help stabilize the head of the HUMERUS in the glenoid fossa and allow for rotation of the SHOULDER JOINT about its longitudinal axis.Arthrometry, Articular: Measurements of joint flexibility (RANGE OF MOTION, ARTICULAR), usually by employing an angle-measuring device (arthrometer). Arthrometry is used to measure ligamentous laxity and stability. It is often used to evaluate the outcome of ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT replacement surgery.Internship and Residency: Programs of training in medicine and medical specialties offered by hospitals for graduates of medicine to meet the requirements established by accrediting authorities.Shoulder Dislocation: Displacement of the HUMERUS from the SCAPULA.Motion Sickness: Disorder caused by motion, as sea sickness, train sickness, car sickness, air sickness, or SPACE MOTION SICKNESS. It may include nausea, vomiting and dizziness.Weight-Bearing: The physical state of supporting an applied load. This often refers to the weight-bearing bones or joints that support the body's weight, especially those in the spine, hip, knee, and foot.Reproducibility of Results: The statistical reproducibility of measurements (often in a clinical context), including the testing of instrumentation or techniques to obtain reproducible results. The concept includes reproducibility of physiological measurements, which may be used to develop rules to assess probability or prognosis, or response to a stimulus; reproducibility of occurrence of a condition; and reproducibility of experimental results.Psychomotor Performance: The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.Protein Conformation: The characteristic 3-dimensional shape of a protein, including the secondary, supersecondary (motifs), tertiary (domains) and quaternary structure of the peptide chain. PROTEIN STRUCTURE, QUATERNARY describes the conformation assumed by multimeric proteins (aggregates of more than one polypeptide chain).Coriolis Force: The apparent deflection (Coriolis acceleration) of a body in motion with respect to the earth, as seen by an observer on the earth, attributed to a fictitious force (Coriolis force) but actually caused by the rotation of the earth. In a medical context it refers to the physiological effects (nausea, vertigo, dizziness, etc.) felt by a person moving radially in a rotating system, as a rotating space station. (From Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2d ed & McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Femur: The longest and largest bone of the skeleton, it is situated between the hip and the knee.Computer Simulation: Computer-based representation of physical systems and phenomena such as chemical processes.Photic Stimulation: Investigative technique commonly used during ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAPHY in which a series of bright light flashes or visual patterns are used to elicit brain activity.Ligaments, Articular: Fibrous cords of CONNECTIVE TISSUE that attach bones to each other and hold together the many types of joints in the body. Articular ligaments are strong, elastic, and allow movement in only specific directions, depending on the individual joint.Photogrammetry: Making measurements by the use of stereoscopic photographs.Imagination: A new pattern of perceptual or ideational material derived from past experience.Gravity Sensing: Process whereby a cell, bodily structure, or organism (animal or plant) receives or detects a gravity stimulus. Gravity sensing plays an important role in the directional growth and development of an organism (GRAVITROPISM).Tibia: The second longest bone of the skeleton. It is located on the medial side of the lower leg, articulating with the FIBULA laterally, the TALUS distally, and the FEMUR proximally.Vestibular Diseases: Pathological processes of the VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH which contains part of the balancing apparatus. Patients with vestibular diseases show instability and are at risk of frequent falls.Space Perception: The awareness of the spatial properties of objects; includes physical space.Lumbar Vertebrae: VERTEBRAE in the region of the lower BACK below the THORACIC VERTEBRAE and above the SACRAL VERTEBRAE.Bacterial Proton-Translocating ATPases: Membrane-bound proton-translocating ATPases that serve two important physiological functions in bacteria. One function is to generate ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE by utilizing the energy provided by an electrochemical gradient of protons across the cellular membrane. A second function is to counteract a loss of the transmembrane ion gradient by pumping protons at the expense of adenosine triphosphate hydrolysis.Birth Injuries: Mechanical or anoxic trauma incurred by the infant during labor or delivery.Saimiri: A genus of the family CEBIDAE consisting of four species: S. boliviensis, S. orstedii (red-backed squirrel monkey), S. sciureus (common squirrel monkey), and S. ustus. They inhabit tropical rain forests in Central and South America. S. sciureus is used extensively in research studies.Functional Laterality: Behavioral manifestations of cerebral dominance in which there is preferential use and superior functioning of either the left or the right side, as in the preferred use of the right hand or right foot.Spine: The spinal or vertebral column.Time Factors: Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.Orthopedic Fixation Devices: Devices which are used in the treatment of orthopedic injuries and diseases.Fixation, Ocular: The positioning and accommodation of eyes that allows the image to be brought into place on the FOVEA CENTRALIS of each eye.Optic Flow: The continuous visual field seen by a subject through space and time.Analysis of Variance: A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.Crystallography, X-Ray: The study of crystal structure using X-RAY DIFFRACTION techniques. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)Arm: The superior part of the upper extremity between the SHOULDER and the ELBOW.Tendon Transfer: Surgical procedure by which a tendon is incised at its insertion and placed at an anatomical site distant from the original insertion. The tendon remains attached at the point of origin and takes over the function of a muscle inactivated by trauma or disease.Depth Perception: Perception of three-dimensionality.Preceptorship: Practical experience in medical and health-related services that occurs as part of an educational program wherein the professionally-trained student works outside the academic environment under the supervision of an established professional in the particular field.Thoracic Vertebrae: A group of twelve VERTEBRAE connected to the ribs that support the upper trunk region.Vestibular Function Tests: A number of tests used to determine if the brain or balance portion of the inner ear are causing dizziness.Gravity, Altered: A change in, or manipulation of, gravitational force. This may be a natural or artificial effect.Arthroplasty, Replacement: Partial or total replacement of a joint.Prosthesis Design: The plan and delineation of prostheses in general or a specific prosthesis.Locomotion: Movement or the ability to move from one place or another. It can refer to humans, vertebrate or invertebrate animals, and microorganisms.Stress, Mechanical: A purely physical condition which exists within any material because of strain or deformation by external forces or by non-uniform thermal expansion; expressed quantitatively in units of force per unit area.Molecular Conformation: The characteristic three-dimensional shape of a molecule.Osteotomy: The surgical cutting of a bone. (Dorland, 28th ed)Electromyography: Recording of the changes in electric potential of muscle by means of surface or needle electrodes.Adaptation, Physiological: The non-genetic biological changes of an organism in response to challenges in its ENVIRONMENT.Flight, Animal: The use of wings or wing-like appendages to remain aloft and move through the air.Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: A syndrome characterized by retropatellar or peripatellar PAIN resulting from physical and biochemical changes in the patellofemoral joint. The pain is most prominent when ascending or descending stairs, squatting, or sitting with flexed knees. There is a lack of consensus on the etiology and treatment. The syndrome is often confused with (or accompanied by) CHONDROMALACIA PATELLAE, the latter describing a pathological condition of the CARTILAGE and not a syndrome.Paralysis, Obstetric: Paralysis of an infant resulting from injury received at birth. (From Dorland, 27th ed)Cervical Vertebrae: The first seven VERTEBRAE of the SPINAL COLUMN, which correspond to the VERTEBRAE of the NECK.Equipment Design: Methods of creating machines and devices.Escherichia coli: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.Optical Devices: Products or parts of products used to detect, manipulate, or analyze light, such as LENSES, refractors, mirrors, filters, prisms, and OPTICAL FIBERS.Visual Perception: The selecting and organizing of visual stimuli based on the individual's past experience.Bone Screws: Specialized devices used in ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY to repair bone fractures.Postural Balance: A POSTURE in which an ideal body mass distribution is achieved. Postural balance provides the body carriage stability and conditions for normal functions in stationary position or in movement, such as sitting, standing, or walking.Ear, Inner: The essential part of the hearing organ consists of two labyrinthine compartments: the bony labyrinthine and the membranous labyrinth. The bony labyrinth is a complex of three interconnecting cavities or spaces (COCHLEA; VESTIBULAR LABYRINTH; and SEMICIRCULAR CANALS) in the TEMPORAL BONE. Within the bony labyrinth lies the membranous labyrinth which is a complex of sacs and tubules (COCHLEAR DUCT; SACCULE AND UTRICLE; and SEMICIRCULAR DUCTS) forming a continuous space enclosed by EPITHELIUM and connective tissue. These spaces are filled with LABYRINTHINE FLUIDS of various compositions.Neck Muscles: The neck muscles consist of the platysma, splenius cervicis, sternocleidomastoid(eus), longus colli, the anterior, medius, and posterior scalenes, digastric(us), stylohyoid(eus), mylohyoid(eus), geniohyoid(eus), sternohyoid(eus), omohyoid(eus), sternothyroid(eus), and thyrohyoid(eus).Gait: Manner or style of walking.Finite Element Analysis: A computer based method of simulating or analyzing the behavior of structures or components.Pelvic Bones: Bones that constitute each half of the pelvic girdle in VERTEBRATES, formed by fusion of the ILIUM; ISCHIUM; and PUBIC BONE.Adenosine Triphosphate: An adenine nucleotide containing three phosphate groups esterified to the sugar moiety. In addition to its crucial roles in metabolism adenosine triphosphate is a neurotransmitter.Education, Medical, Graduate: Educational programs for medical graduates entering a specialty. They include formal specialty training as well as academic work in the clinical and basic medical sciences, and may lead to board certification or an advanced medical degree.Oxidopamine: A neurotransmitter analogue that depletes noradrenergic stores in nerve endings and induces a reduction of dopamine levels in the brain. Its mechanism of action is related to the production of cytolytic free-radicals.Image Processing, Computer-Assisted: A technique of inputting two-dimensional images into a computer and then enhancing or analyzing the imagery into a form that is more useful to the human observer.Foot: The distal extremity of the leg in vertebrates, consisting of the tarsus (ANKLE); METATARSUS; phalanges; and the soft tissues surrounding these bones.Algorithms: A procedure consisting of a sequence of algebraic formulas and/or logical steps to calculate or determine a given task.Chemotaxis: The movement of cells or organisms toward or away from a substance in response to its concentration gradient.Pelvis: The space or compartment surrounded by the pelvic girdle (bony pelvis). It is subdivided into the greater pelvis and LESSER PELVIS. The pelvic girdle is formed by the PELVIC BONES and SACRUM.Fluoroscopy: Production of an image when x-rays strike a fluorescent screen.Observer Variation: The failure by the observer to measure or identify a phenomenon accurately, which results in an error. Sources for this may be due to the observer's missing an abnormality, or to faulty technique resulting in incorrect test measurement, or to misinterpretation of the data. Two varieties are inter-observer variation (the amount observers vary from one another when reporting on the same material) and intra-observer variation (the amount one observer varies between observations when reporting more than once on the same material).Models, Chemical: Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of chemical processes or phenomena; includes the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.Mathematics: The deductive study of shape, quantity, and dependence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Total Disc Replacement: The replacement of intervertebral discs in the spinal column with artificial devices. The procedure is done in the lumbar or cervical spine to relieve severe pain resulting from INTERVERTEBRAL DISC DEGENERATION.Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: Spectroscopic method of measuring the magnetic moment of elementary particles such as atomic nuclei, protons or electrons. It is employed in clinical applications such as NMR Tomography (MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING).Video Recording: The storing or preserving of video signals for television to be played back later via a transmitter or receiver. Recordings may be made on magnetic tape or discs (VIDEODISC RECORDING).Internal Medicine: A medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the internal organ systems of adults.Spinal Fusion: Operative immobilization or ankylosis of two or more vertebrae by fusion of the vertebral bodies with a short bone graft or often with diskectomy or laminectomy. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p236; Dorland, 28th ed)Internal Fixators: Internal devices used in osteosynthesis to hold the position of the fracture in proper alignment. By applying the principles of biomedical engineering, the surgeon uses metal plates, nails, rods, etc., for the correction of skeletal defects.Ankle Joint: The joint that is formed by the inferior articular and malleolar articular surfaces of the TIBIA; the malleolar articular surface of the FIBULA; and the medial malleolar, lateral malleolar, and superior surfaces of the TALUS.Tomography, X-Ray Computed: Tomography using x-ray transmission and a computer algorithm to reconstruct the image.Contracture: Prolonged shortening of the muscle or other soft tissue around a joint, preventing movement of the joint.Orthopedics: A surgical specialty which utilizes medical, surgical, and physical methods to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the skeletal system, its articulations, and associated structures.Vision, Binocular: The blending of separate images seen by each eye into one composite image.Reaction Time: The time from the onset of a stimulus until a response is observed.Learning: Relatively permanent change in behavior that is the result of past experience or practice. The concept includes the acquisition of knowledge.Zygapophyseal Joint: The joint that occurs between facets of the interior and superior articular processes of adjacent VERTEBRAE.Curriculum: A course of study offered by an educational institution.Illusions: The misinterpretation of a real external, sensory experience.Students, Medical: Individuals enrolled in a school of medicine or a formal educational program in medicine.Ocular Physiological Phenomena: Processes and properties of the EYE as a whole or of any of its parts.Macaca mulatta: A species of the genus MACACA inhabiting India, China, and other parts of Asia. The species is used extensively in biomedical research and adapts very well to living with humans.Hand: The distal part of the arm beyond the wrist in humans and primates, that includes the palm, fingers, and thumb.Atlanto-Axial Joint: The joint involving the CERVICAL ATLAS and axis bones.Magnetic Resonance Imaging: Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.Clinical Competence: The capability to perform acceptably those duties directly related to patient care.Hip: The projecting part on each side of the body, formed by the side of the pelvis and the top portion of the femur.Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee: Replacement of the knee joint.Biophysics: The study of PHYSICAL PHENOMENA and PHYSICAL PROCESSES as applied to living things.Joint Prosthesis: Prostheses used to partially or totally replace a human or animal joint. (from UMDNS, 1999)Hydrolysis: The process of cleaving a chemical compound by the addition of a molecule of water.Neck: The part of a human or animal body connecting the HEAD to the rest of the body.Chloroplast Proton-Translocating ATPases: Proton-translocating ATPases which produce ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE in plants. They derive energy from light-driven reactions that develop high concentrations of protons within the membranous cisternae (THYLAKOIDS) of the CHLOROPLASTS.Venturicidins: Toxic substances isolated from various strains of Streptomyces. They are 20-membered macrolides that inhibit oxidative phosphorylation and mitochondrial ATPases. Venturicidins A and B are glycosides. Used mainly as tools in the study of mitochondrial function.Saccades: An abrupt voluntary shift in ocular fixation from one point to another, as occurs in reading.Patient Positioning: Moving a patient into a specific position or POSTURE to facilitate examination, surgery, or for therapeutic purposes.Foot Bones: The TARSAL BONES; METATARSAL BONES; and PHALANGES OF TOES. The tarsal bones consists of seven bones: CALCANEUS; TALUS; cuboid; navicular; internal; middle; and external cuneiform bones. The five metatarsal bones are numbered one through five, running medial to lateral. There are 14 phalanges in each foot, the great toe has two while the other toes have three each.Shoulder Pain: Unilateral or bilateral pain of the shoulder. It is often caused by physical activities such as work or sports participation, but may also be pathologic in origin.AxisAnterior Cruciate Ligament: A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the posteromedial portion of the lateral condyle of the femur, passes anteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the depression in front of the intercondylar eminence of the tibia.Mental Processes: Conceptual functions or thinking in all its forms.Form Perception: The sensory discrimination of a pattern shape or outline.Bursitis: Inflammation or irritation of a bursa, the fibrous sac that acts as a cushion between moving structures of bones, muscles, tendons or skin.Joint Capsule: The sac enclosing a joint. It is composed of an outer fibrous articular capsule and an inner SYNOVIAL MEMBRANE.Fluorescence Polarization: Measurement of the polarization of fluorescent light from solutions or microscopic specimens. It is used to provide information concerning molecular size, shape, and conformation, molecular anisotropy, electronic energy transfer, molecular interaction, including dye and coenzyme binding, and the antigen-antibody reaction.Shoulder Impingement Syndrome: Compression of the rotator cuff tendons and subacromial bursa between the humeral head and structures that make up the coracoacromial arch and the humeral tuberosities. This condition is associated with subacromial bursitis and rotator cuff (largely supraspinatus) and bicipital tendon inflammation, with or without degenerative changes in the tendon. Pain that is most severe when the arm is abducted in an arc between 40 and 120 degrees, sometimes associated with tears in the rotator cuff, is the chief symptom. (From Jablonski's Dictionary of Syndromes and Eponymic Diseases, 2d ed)Bacterial Proteins: Proteins found in any species of bacterium.Bone Malalignment: Displacement of bones out of line in relation to joints. It may be congenital or traumatic in origin.Distance Perception: The act of knowing or the recognition of a distance by recollective thought, or by means of a sensory process which is under the influence of set and of prior experience.Intervertebral Disc: Any of the 23 plates of fibrocartilage found between the bodies of adjacent VERTEBRAE.Orthopedic Procedures: Procedures used to treat and correct deformities, diseases, and injuries to the MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, its articulations, and associated structures.Knee Prosthesis: Replacement for a knee joint.Immobilization: The restriction of the MOVEMENT of whole or part of the body by physical means (RESTRAINT, PHYSICAL) or chemically by ANALGESIA, or the use of TRANQUILIZING AGENTS or NEUROMUSCULAR NONDEPOLARIZING AGENTS. It includes experimental protocols used to evaluate the physiologic effects of immobility.Recovery of Function: A partial or complete return to the normal or proper physiologic activity of an organ or part following disease or trauma.Binding Sites: The parts of a macromolecule that directly participate in its specific combination with another molecule.Personnel Staffing and Scheduling: The selection, appointing, and scheduling of personnel.Humeral Head: The portion of the upper rounded extremity fitting into the glenoid cavity of the SCAPULA. (from Stedman, 27th ed)Proton-Motive Force: Energy that is generated by the transfer of protons or electrons across an energy-transducing membrane and that can be used for chemical, osmotic, or mechanical work. Proton-motive force can be generated by a variety of phenomena including the operation of an electron transport chain, illumination of a PURPLE MEMBRANE, and the hydrolysis of ATP by a proton ATPase. (From Singleton & Sainsbury, Dictionary of Microbiology and Molecular Biology, 2d ed, p171)Phantoms, Imaging: Devices or objects in various imaging techniques used to visualize or enhance visualization by simulating conditions encountered in the procedure. Phantoms are used very often in procedures employing or measuring x-irradiation or radioactive material to evaluate performance. Phantoms often have properties similar to human tissue. Water demonstrates absorbing properties similar to normal tissue, hence water-filled phantoms are used to map radiation levels. Phantoms are used also as teaching aids to simulate real conditions with x-ray or ultrasonic machines. (From Iturralde, Dictionary and Handbook of Nuclear Medicine and Clinical Imaging, 1990)Spatial Behavior: Reactions of an individual or groups of individuals with relation to the immediate surrounding area including the animate or inanimate objects within that area.Pliability: The quality or state of being able to be bent or creased repeatedly. (From Webster, 3d ed)Physical Stimulation: Act of eliciting a response from a person or organism through physical contact.Cues: Signals for an action; that specific portion of a perceptual field or pattern of stimuli to which a subject has learned to respond.Thermodynamics: A rigorously mathematical analysis of energy relationships (heat, work, temperature, and equilibrium). It describes systems whose states are determined by thermal parameters, such as temperature, in addition to mechanical and electromagnetic parameters. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 12th ed)Molecular Structure: The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.Protein Structure, Secondary: The level of protein structure in which regular hydrogen-bond interactions within contiguous stretches of polypeptide chain give rise to alpha helices, beta strands (which align to form beta sheets) or other types of coils. This is the first folding level of protein conformation.Posterior Cruciate Ligament: A strong ligament of the knee that originates from the anterolateral surface of the medial condyle of the femur, passes posteriorly and inferiorly between the condyles, and attaches to the posterior intercondylar area of the tibia.Transfer (Psychology): Change in learning in one situation due to prior learning in another situation. The transfer can be positive (with second learning improved by first) or negative (where the reverse holds).Manipulation, Orthopedic: The planned and carefully managed manual movement of the musculoskeletal system, extremities, and spine to produce increased motion. The term is sometimes used to denote a precise sequence of movements of a joint to determine the presence of disease or to reduce a dislocation. In the case of fractures, orthopedic manipulation can produce better position and alignment of the fracture. (From Blauvelt & Nelson, A Manual of Orthopaedic Terminology, 5th ed, p264)Kinetics: The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.Vibrio alginolyticus: A species of gram-negative, halophilic bacteria, in the genus VIBRIO. It is considered part of normal marine flora and commonly associated with ear infections and superficial wounds exposed to contaminated water sources.Pursuit, Smooth: Eye movements that are slow, continuous, and conjugate and occur when a fixed object is moved slowly.Treatment Outcome: Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.Radiographic Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted: Computer systems or networks designed to provide radiographic interpretive information.Protein Structure, Tertiary: The level of protein structure in which combinations of secondary protein structures (alpha helices, beta sheets, loop regions, and motifs) pack together to form folded shapes called domains. Disulfide bridges between cysteines in two different parts of the polypeptide chain along with other interactions between the chains play a role in the formation and stabilization of tertiary structure. Small proteins usually consist of only one domain but larger proteins may contain a number of domains connected by segments of polypeptide chain which lack regular secondary structure.Atlanto-Occipital Joint: The point of articulation between the OCCIPITAL BONE and the CERVICAL ATLAS.Muscle, Skeletal: A subtype of striated muscle, attached by TENDONS to the SKELETON. Skeletal muscles are innervated and their movement can be consciously controlled. They are also called voluntary muscles.Crops, Agricultural: Cultivated plants or agricultural produce such as grain, vegetables, or fruit. (From American Heritage Dictionary, 1982)Biophysical Phenomena: The physical characteristics and processes of biological systems.Education, Medical, Undergraduate: The period of medical education in a medical school. In the United States it follows the baccalaureate degree and precedes the granting of the M.D.Acetabulum: The part of the pelvis that comprises the pelvic socket where the head of FEMUR joins to form HIP JOINT (acetabulofemoral joint).Stars, Celestial: Large bodies consisting of self-luminous gas held together by their own gravity. (From McGraw Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)Radiographic Image Enhancement: Improvement in the quality of an x-ray image by use of an intensifying screen, tube, or filter and by optimum exposure techniques. Digital processing methods are often employed.Head-Down Tilt: Posture while lying with the head lower than the rest of the body. Extended time in this position is associated with temporary physiologic disturbances.
One can provide complete rotation invariance in shape contexts. One way is to measure angles at each point relative to the ... The results of applying this to different situations is given in the following section. The authors Serge Belongie and Jitendra ... "Splines Minimizing Rotation-Invariant Semi-Norms in Sobolev Spaces". Constructive Theory of Functions of Several Variables: 85- ... Many applications in fact forbid rotation invariance e.g. distinguishing a "6" from a "9". A complete system that uses shape ...
... and an opening to exhaust is provided where the pistons are at their descent. The rotation of the cylinders provides the ... This compounded with the fact that each shaft features two pistons results in a low number of moving parts. Despite their ... Engine output is taken from the rotation of one cylinder block. Pressure is supplied to each cylinder at the point where the ...
It coordinates and provides the Supreme Audit Institutions, or SAIs, of Latin America and the Caribbean with information, the ... Rotation of all full members through OLACEFS administrative bodies. The OLACEFS Charter of the Organization lists the following ... and conduct systematic research on the control and supervision of the management of public resources and disseminate results ... This body is responsible for providing support for the various OLACEFS organs (Assembly, Board, Presidency, Committees, ...
At least in this area, experience with a visual-spatial language provides quicker reaction times. The results are consistent ... but there was no difference between signers and non-signers performing mental rotation. Because of these results, it may not be ... Overall, the auditory cortices of deaf humans have an increased gray-white matter ratio as a result of the lack of auditory ... A couple of things the subjects were tested on were mental rotation and mirror reversals. Signers had an advantage in mirror ...
The lens rotation was originally powered by a clockworks and 45 pounds (20 kg) weight. In 1926 the lighthouse was provided with ... Cast iron was used rather than steel with the unfortunate result being that cast iron absorbs water rather than repelling it ... When observed from a distance, this resulted in the appearance of one white flash of light every ten seconds. ...
As a result, the feet provide a very small base of support and balance may be a problem. The pinpoint serve provides better ... The hips rotate, and sometimes the back foot swings forward to complete the hip rotation. In the pinpoint stance, the feet ... An attempt at a serve may result in one of the following outcomes: a good serve a let a fault (very rarely) immediate award of ... There are multiple reasons why a service attempt may result in a fault. A foot fault takes place when the server assumes an ...
Why this rotation occurs is not entirely clear yet. Some researchers identified an electrostatic field generated by the two ... This hourglass shape could be the result of a natural selection process toward optimal permeability. It has been shown that ... conical entrances with suitable opening angle can indeed provide a large increase of the hydrodynamic channel permeability. ... In the latter view, the rotation of water molecules is only a side-effect of the electrostatic barrier. At present (2008), the ...
... it has done little to provide challenge or meaningfulness to a worker's activities. Job rotation refers to the movement of an ... All methods result in an assigned grade level. Once the evaluation process is over and a plan of action is ready, management ... However, frequent job rotations are not advisable in view of their negative impact on the organisation and the employee. Job ... Each resulting sub-unit typically consists of relatively few operations. These subunits are then assigned to the workers as ...
Horses walked on the turntable, whose resulting rotation moved the sidewheel, providing forward motion through the water. ...
Crop rotation with the tillage of residue prevents crops from remaining to infect on the soil surface. Residues can provide an ... As a result, the chances of infection are greatly improved in the succeeding small grain crop. If minimal or no tillage occurs ... The rotation of small grains with soybean or other non-host crops has proven to reduce Fusarium head blight and mycotoxin ... Infection causes shifts in the amino acid composition of wheat, resulting in shriveled kernels and contaminating the remaining ...
Besides the result, the ALU typically provides status bits such as whether or not the result was 0, or if an overflow occurred ... The bit shifter is responsible for shift and rotations. Instructions on these simple RISC machines can be divided into three ... which is either a loaded value or a forwarded ALU result, this provides bypassing of two stages): purple arrow. Note that this ... As a result, very little decoding is done in the stage traditionally called the decode stage. A consequence of this lack of ...
In general, spores move west to east due to the winds resulting from the rotation of the earth. At progressively higher ... Puccinia triticina can survive the same environmental conditions as the wheat leaf, provided infection but no sporulation has ...
The rotation causes a permanent mixing of the product in the tubes and hence a good heat transfer. Due to the indirect method ... This opportunity of recovering energy is where the term recuperative results from. The coolers can be used for the cooling of ... of operation, the coolers provide hot and clean air that can be reused as energy. ...
The results support the Lambda-CDM model. The observed CMB angular power spectrum provides powerful evidence in support of dark ... Vera Rubin and Kent Ford in the 1960s-1970s provided further strong evidence, also using galaxy rotation curves. Rubin worked ... This result was confirmed in 1978. An influential paper presented Rubin's results in 1980. Rubin found that most galaxies must ... 22 March 2013). "Planck 2013 results. I. Overview of products and scientific results - Table 9". Astronomy and Astrophysics. ...
These results can be explained by a psychological study providing evidence for a viewing-from-above bias that influences ... Utilizing fMRI in a volunteer capable to switch at will the direction of rotation, it was found that a part of the right ... The results indicated that there was no clockwise bias, but rather viewing-from-above bias. Furthermore, this bias was ... In addition, observers who initially perceived a clockwise rotation had more difficulty experiencing the alternative. ...
Some teachers will add more rotations to the spiral the better the answer is. It is also used as a symbol for good weather.[ ... The hanamaru is frequently written on tests if a student has achieved full marks or an otherwise outstanding result. Sometimes ... citation needed] Unicode provides various related symbols, including: ○×クイズ (in Japanese) - True/false quiz confirmation in ...
Live trees are typically grown as a crop and replanted in rotation after cutting, often providing suitable habitat for wildlife ... As a result, it remained confined to the upper Rhineland for a relatively long period of time. The custom did eventually gain ... In some cases management of Christmas tree crops can result in poor habitat since it sometimes involves heavy input of ... Some people use living Christmas or potted trees for several seasons, providing a longer life cycle for each tree. Living ...
Yet in any cases set out, the resulting number systems allow a unique theory with regard to their structural properties and ... The Brauer-Fowler theorem, published in 1956, later provided significant impetus towards the classification of finite simple ... rotation) groups. Ilse Karger also studied mathematics at the University of Berlin; she and Richard were married 17 September ... Richard wrote his thesis under Schur, providing an algebraic approach to irreducible, continuous, finite-dimensional ...
The strain produced by the rotation of the die results in redundant work as it does not accomplish a shape change. In order to ... After extrusion, these materials are detected by metallographic methods and provide insight regarding the way in which material ... Figure 5 shows an example of how the amount of shear strain changes with changing ratios of extrusion rate to die rotation rate ... First, the relative motion in the plane of rotation leads to large shear stresses, hence, plastic deformation in the layer of ...
Other such shear joints do not employ a preload on the bolt as they are designed to allow rotation of the joint about the bolt ... If one has a larger bearing area or coefficient of friction it will require more torque to provide the same target preload. ... In both the tension and shear joint design cases, some level of tension preload in the bolt and resulting compression preload ... Joints that allow rotation include clevis linkages, and rely on a locking mechanism (like lock washers, thread adhesives, and ...
Based on heat rotation, the voltage stayed the same for over 85 hours during the measurement, particularly at the high ... These results, demonstrate the thermal independence from humidity-type environments. Additionally, the crystal structure of ... Unlike low temperature hydrated protonic conductors, the absence of water molecules in CsHSO4 provides a great amount of ... CsHSO4 allows for quick transport of smaller charged ions, resulting in efficient energy transfer in electrochemical devices. ...
This fellowship provides the student with an opportunity to act out his/her ideas in an international underserved setting. The ... Completion of the 28 month curriculum results in award of a master's degree. The education is divided into two portions (a ... The clinical phase is fifteen months in duration with thirteen one month rotations and two months for research. Yale University ... didactic and clinical phase). The faculty of the Yale School of Medicine provides the education, which is coordinated by the ...
... as forage crops to replace the three-year crop rotation fallow year. The four-field rotation system allowed farmers to restore ... The Norfolk System, as it is now known, rotates crops so that different crops are planted with the result that different kinds ... This permitted the intensive arable cultivation of light soils on enclosed farms and provided fodder to support increased ... Crop rotation is the practice of growing a series of dissimilar types of crops in the same area in sequential seasons to help ...
On the course of bipedal walking, the leg swing results in an angular momentum that is balanced by the ground reaction moments ... Bipedal walking models of various complexity levels provided an explanation for the effects of arm swing on human locomotion. ... Swinging arms create an angular momentum in the opposing direction of lower limb rotation, reducing the total angular momentum ... Lower angular momentum of the body results in a decline on the ground reaction moment on the stance foot. Amplitude or ...
The ring gear may also be held fixed, with input provided to the planetary gear carrier; output rotation is then produced from ... This results in different ratios being generated by the planetary. The fundamental equation becomes: ( R − 1 ) ω c = R ω r − ω ... The ratio of input rotation to output rotation is dependent upon the number of teeth in each gear, and upon which component is ... Planetary gear trains provide high power density in comparison to standard parallel axis gear trains. They provide a reduction ...
Vera Rubin and Kent Ford in the 1960s and 1970s provided further strong evidence, also using galaxy rotation curves.[32][33][34] Rubin worked with a new spectrograph to measure the velocity curve of edge-on spiral galaxies with greater accuracy.[34] This result was confirmed in 1978.[35] An influential paper presented Rubin's results in 1980.[36] Rubin found that most galaxies must contain about six times as much dark as visible mass;[37] thus, by around 1980 the apparent need for dark matter was widely recognized as a major unsolved problem in astronomy.[32] At the same time that Rubin and Ford were exploring optical rotation curves, radio astronomers were making use of new radio telescopes to map the 21 cm line of atomic hydrogen in nearby galaxies. The radial distribution of interstellar atomic hydrogen (HI) often extends to much larger galactic radii than those accessible by optical studies, extending ...
... is a Gram-negative plant pathogenic bacterium. It is named after its ability to cause disease on almond (Prunus amygdalus) trees. Different analyses, including 16S rRNA analysis, DNA-DNA hybridization, and MLST clearly placed P. amygdali in the P. syringae group together with the species Pseudomonas ficuserectae and Pseudomonas meliae, and 27 pathovars of Pseudomonas syringae/Pseudomonas savastanoi, constituting a single, well-defined phylogenetic group which should be considered as a single species. This phylogenetic group has not been formally named because of the lack of reliable means to differentiate it phenotipically from closely related species, and it is currently known as either genomospecies 2 or phylogroup 3. When it is formally named, the correct name for this new species should be Pseudomonas amygdali, which takes precedence over all the other names of taxa from this group, including Pseudomonas savastanoi, which is and inadequate and confusing name whose use is ...
Infobox dam , name = , name_official = , image = , image_size = , image_caption = , image_alt = , location_map = , location_map_size = , location_map_caption = , location_map_alt = , coordinates = ,!-- {{coord,..,..,type:landmark,display=inline,title}}--, , country = , location = , purpose = , status = , construction_began = , opening = , demolished = , cost = , builder = , owner = , operator = , dam_type = , dam_crosses = , dam_height_foundation = , dam_height_thalweg = , dam_length = , dam_elevation_crest = , dam_width_crest = , dam_width_base = , dam_volume = , spillway_count = , spillway_type = , spillway_capacity = , res_name = , res_capacity_total = , res_capacity_active = , res_capacity_inactive = , res_catchment = , res_surface = , res_max_length = , res_max_width = , res_max_depth = , res_elevation = , res_tidal_range = , lower_dam_type = , lower_dam_crosses = , lower_dam_height_foundation = , lower_dam_height_thalweg = , lower_dam_length = , lower_dam_elevation_crest = , ...
... is used to perform Methyl Red (MR) test and Voges Proskauer (VP) test. Glucose - 5 g/l Dipotassium phosphate - 5 g/l Proteose Peptone - 5 g/l Distilled water - 1000 ml pH - 6.9 Principle: It is used to determine the ability of an organism to produce mixed acids by fermentation of glucose and to overcome the buffering capacity of the medium. Inoculate MacConkey's (Glucose phosphate broth) with pure culture of test organism. Incubate the broth at 35 °C for 48-72 hours. After incubation add 5 drops of Methyl Red directly into the broth, through the sides of the tube. The development of stable red color in the surface of the medium indicates sufficient acid production to lower the pH to 4.4 and constitute a positive test. Since other organism may produce lesser quantities of acid from the test substrate, an intermediate orange color between yellow and red may develop. This does not indicate positive test. Positive and negative controls should be run after preparation of each ...
Short chain ω-phenylalkanoic acids have long been known to occur in natural products. Phenylacetic, 3-phenylpropanoic and 3-phenylpropenoic (cinnamic) acids are found in propolis, mammalian exocrine secretions or plant fragrances. During a systematic study of the lipids from seeds of the plant Araceae, the presence of 13-phenyltridecanoic acid as a major component (5-16% of total fatty acids)was discovered. Other similar compounds but with 11 and 15 carbon chain lengths and saturated or unsaturated were shown to be also present but in lower amounts. At the same time, the even carbon chain ω-phenylalkanoic acids of C10 up to C16 were discovered in halophilic bacteria. Later, an exhaustive study of 17 genus of the subfamily Aroideae of Araceae revealed the presence of three major acids, 11-phenylundecanoic acid, 13-phenyltridecanoic acid and 15-phenylpentadecanoic acid in seed lipids. Other odd carbon number acids from C7 to C23 were detected but in trace amounts. Similarly, two series of ...
Vanadium(V) fluoride is the inorganic compound with the chemical formula VF5. It is a colorless volatile liquid. It is a highly reactive compound, as indicated by its ability to fluorinate organic substances . The compound is exclusively a monomer in the gas phase. In the gas phase it adopts D3h symmetric trigonal bipyramidal geometry as indicated by electron diffraction. As a solid, VF5 forms a polymeric structure with fluoride-bridged octahedral vanadium centers. The formation enthalpy of VF5 is -1429.4 ± 0.8 kJ/mol. It is the only known pentahalide of vanadium. Vanadium pentafluoride can be prepared by fluorination of vanadium metal: 2 V + 5 F2 → 2 VF5 Alternatively, disproportionation of vanadium tetrafluoride yields equal amounts of the solid trifluoride and the volatile pentafluoride: 2 VF4 → VF3 + VF5 This conversion is conducted at 650 °C. It can also be synthesized by using elemental fluorine to fluorinate industrial concentrates and raw materials so as to produce VF5 on an ...
There are three series of binary phosphorus halides, containing phosphorus in the oxidation states +5, +3 and +2. All compounds have been described, in varying degrees of detail, although serious doubts have been cast on the existence of PI5. Mixed chalcogen halides also exist. In the gas phase the phosphorus pentahalides have trigonal bipyramidal molecular geometry as explained by VSEPR theory. Phosphorus pentafluoride is a relatively inert gas, notable as a mild Lewis acid and a fluoride ion acceptor. It is a fluxional molecule in which the axial (ax) and equatorial (eq) fluorine atoms interchange positions by the Berry pseudorotation mechanism. Phosphorus pentachloride, phosphorus pentabromide, and phosphorus heptabromide are ionic in the solid and liquid states; PCl5 is formulated as PCl4+PCl6-, but in contrast, PBr5 is formulated as PBr4+ Br−, and PBr7 is formulated as PBr4+ Br3−. They are widely used as chlorinating and brominating agents in organic chemistry. The ...
Usando sondas isotópicas, o mecanismo global proposto para converter o 2-PG en PEP é unha reacción de eliminación E1cb na que está implicado un intermediato carbanión.[7] O seguinte mecanismo detallado está baseado en estudos da estrutura cristalina e cinética.[3][8][9][10][11][12][13] Cando o substrato 2-fosfoglicerato se une á α-enolase, o seu grupo carboxilo coordínase con dous cofactores ións magnesio no sitio activo. Isto estabiliza a carga negativa no oxíxeno desprotonado á vez que incrementa a acidez do hidróxeno alfa. A Lys345 da enolase desprotona o hidróxeno alfa, e a carga negativa resultante é estabilizada por resonancia co oxíxeno do carboxilato e polos cofactores Mg2+. Despois da creación do intermediato carbanión, o OH de C3 é eliminado como auga coa axuda do Glu211, e fórmase o PEP. Adicionalmente, no encima teñen lugar cambios conformacionais que axudan á catálise. Na α-enolase humana, o substrato está rotado na súa posición ao unirse ao encima ...
A motion of a Euclidean space is the same as its isometry: it leaves the distance between any two points unchanged after the transformation. But a (proper) rotation also has to preserve the orientation structure. The "improper rotation" term refers to isometries that reverse (flip) the orientation. In the language of group theory the distinction is expressed as direct vs indirect isometries in the Euclidean group, where the former comprise the identity component. Any direct Euclidean motion can be represented as a composition of a rotation about the fixed point and a translation.. There are no non-trivial rotations in one dimension. In two dimensions, only a single angle is needed to specify a rotation about the origin - the angle of rotation that specifies an element of the circle group (also known as ...
2.0 2.1 Bisby F.A., Roskov Y.R., Orrell T.M., Nicolson D., Paglinawan L.E., Bailly N., Kirk P.M., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Ouvrard D. (red.) (2011). Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2011 Annual Checklist.. Species 2000: Reading, UK.. Retrieved on 24 september 2012. ...
2.0 2.1 Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A. (red) (2013). "Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2013 Annual Checklist.". Species 2000: Reading, UK. Ginkuhà 8 september 2013. ...
In combinatorial mathematics, rotation systems (also called combinatorial embeddings) encode embeddings of graphs onto orientable surfaces, by describing the circular ordering of a graph's edges around each vertex. A more formal definition of a rotation system involves pairs of permutations; such a pair is sufficient to determine a multigraph, a surface, and a 2-cell embedding of the multigraph onto the surface. Every rotation scheme defines a unique 2-cell embedding of a connected multigraph on a closed oriented surface (up to orientation preserving topological equivalence). Conversely, any embedding of a connected multigraph G on an oriented closed surface defines a unique rotation system having G as its underlying multigraph. This fundamental equivalence between rotation systems and 2-cell-embeddings was first settled in a dual form by ...
A sprain, also known as a torn ligament, is damage to one or more ligaments in a joint, often caused by trauma or the joint being taken beyond its functional range of motion. The severity of sprain ranges from a minor injury which resolves in a few days to a major rupture of one or more ligaments requiring surgical fixation and a period of immobilization. Sprains can occur in any joint but are most common in the ankle and wrist. Pain Swelling Bruising Decreased ability to move the limb If a ligament ruptures, one may hear a cracking sound Difficulty using the affected extremity Sprains typically occur when the joint is taken beyond its functional range of motion. There are certain factors which increase risk of sprains. Fatigue of muscles generally leads to sprains. When one suddenly starts to exercise after a sedentary lifestyle, sprains are quite common. While scientific studies are lacking, it is often thought that not warming up is a common cause of sprains in athletes[citation needed]. ...
A narrowing of the space between the rotator cuff and the acromion results in shoulder pain and loss of movement, due to ... and provides the rotator cuff with lubrication to assist movement. The rotator cuff acts to stabilise the glenohumeral joint. ... The rotator cuff permits free rotation of the arm.. Anatomy and physiology. The rotator cuff is composed of four muscles: ... Increasing stiffness of the joint and further loss of motion may result should impingement be ignored. Rotator tendons may be ...
The Core Provides a Stable Base from Which the Limbs Can Move. Tim RodmakerDecember 30December 300 ... Please consult with a qualified medical professional in order to obtain results from this objective test (Figure 1). ... Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Deficits in Profressional Pitchers Enrolled in an Internal Rotation Stretching Program. The ... This allows for greater shoulder external rotation and less internal rotation as compared to the non-throwing shoulder. (8) ...
We investigate the effect of credit analyst rotation in the context of long-term ratings of S&P 500 issuers between 2002 and ... Our results provide empirical support for policies relating to mandatory credit analyst rotation programs. ... We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content.. By continuing, you agree to the use of cookies. To ... A Closer Look at Credit Rating Processes: Uncovering the Impact of Analyst Rotation. University of St.Gallen, School of Finance ...
No related items provided in this feed. Lunge to Hamstring w/ rotation. Teaching: • Start in plank position with hands under ... Search results , Image search for this result , RSS feed (most recent) for this result , RSS feed (all items) for this result ... or rotation of h. Author(s): No creator set. ...
No related items provided in this feed. Transformations - Translation, Reflection, Dilation, and Rotation. Models of ... Search results , Image search for this result , RSS feed (most recent) for this result , RSS feed (all items) for this result ... As the largest international multimedia news provider, Reuters provides coverage around the globe and across topics including ... translations, reflections, dilations and rotations. Teacher explains clearly and slowly. Shows alternate methods for performing ...
Intraday Data provided by FACTSET and subject to terms of use. Historical and current end-of-day data provided by FACTSET. All ... No, not that kind of rotation. It may sound a little like what you do to your car tires, but the "Great Rotation" in stocks ...
Intraday Data provided by FACTSET and subject to terms of use. Historical and current end-of-day data provided by FACTSET. All ... With bond valuations stretched and equity indexes rebounding, talk grows of a "great rotation" of billions of institutional ...
RESULTS: The 58 respondents (31% response rate) provided a total of 295 responses. Fifty themes were identified. Top benefits ... We aimed to present the benefits of international surgery rotations and how these rotations contribute to the attainment of the ... The benefits of international rotations to resource-limited settings for U.S. surgery residents.. Henry JA1, Groen RS, Price RR ... International surgery rotations to locations in which resources are constrained, operative diseases vary, and patient diversity ...
Buy Principle of planetary rotation revolution by OKIDI PETER (Paperback) online at Lulu. Visit the Lulu Marketplace for ... This requires you to provide the URL for each allegedly infringing result, document or item. ... We will email you with the results and/or actions taken as a result of the investigation if you chose to receive confirmation. ... This form does not constitute legal advice and nothing that you read or are provided on this web site should be used as a ...
... a third rotation results. The reverse (inverse) of a rotation is also a rotation. Thus, the rotations around a point/axis form ... A carousel provides rotation about a vertical axis. Many rides provide a combination of rotations about several axes. In Chair- ... Euler rotations provide an alternative description of a rotation. It is a composition of three rotations defined as the ... a rotation around a point or axis and a rotation around a different point/axis may result in something other than a rotation, e ...
Your whirlpool theory is seriously flawed and you have yet to provide an answer.. Quote from: Yusup Hizirov on 18/08/2018 13:55 ... Re: Tides is the result of the rotation of the Earth and whirlpools? « Reply #280 on: 01/09/2018 15:40:21 » ... Re: Tides is the result of the rotation of the Earth and whirlpools? « Reply #281 on: 01/09/2018 17:41:37 » ... Re: Tides is the result of the rotation of the Earth and whirlpools? « Reply #282 on: 01/09/2018 17:54:26 » ...
This is consistent with the results on XCS scaling for the multiplexer problems provided in [18]. Perf... ... Hyper-ellipsoidal Conditions In XCS: Rotation, Linear Approximation, and Solution Structure ABSTRACT by Martin V. Butz, Pier ... The results confirm that improvements in both the evolutionary approach and the gradient approach can result in significantly ... We present experimental results on using the Bayesian approach to discounting, consider how to estimate the parameters for it, ...
I am very grateful to be able to successfully finish my third rotation at Walgreens pharmacy in Wellington, FL. My preceptor ... Test results are provided within minutes and it includes a pharmacist consultation as well. Although business was slow during ... The Beginning Of My Second Rotation. 898 Words , 4 Pages beginning of my second rotation. The first rotation was at Tradition ... My Rotation For Obstetrics. 1280 Words , 6 Pages My rotation for obstetrics was in Brighton, CO at Platte Valley Medical Center ...
Reports Second Quarter 2020 Financial Results and Provides Business Update. Business Wire ... Inside the massive rotation rocking markets right now: Morning Brief. Yahoo Finance ... Actual results could differ materially from those included in the forward-looking statements due to various factors, risks and ... BELLUS Health Reports Second Quarter 2020 Financial Results and Business Highlights. Business Wire ...
The derived characterization generalizes a recent result obtained by Piovan and Bullo. It is based on a specific, novel ... the tori provide the boundary of the workspace of the axes constellation. ... In an appendix, tools for dealing with angles and rotations are introduced and the equivalence of unit quaternion ... representation of rotations, called ,em,unit ball representation,/em,, which allows to interpret the workspace characterization ...
This approach provided a direct validation of our computational results. Since our robotic models were actuated in air, they ... 3. Results. We summarize computational results for flapping wings subject to constant yaw rotation as well as periodic yaw (z) ... 2.6bwhere frot is the frequency of the rotation and Arot is the amplitude of the rotation. In the case of periodic rotation ( ... as during a body rotation. Whether we simulate constant or periodic body rotation, three key results emerge. First, wings ...
The reduced transition probabilities obtained for levels near the ground state provide strong evidence for a triaxial shape; a ... Finally and moreover, these results will enable future studies focused on explaining HTTA extractions preference for +4 cations ... Rotations around different axes of the triaxial nucleus, and sudden changes of the rotation axis in specific configurations, ... Rotations around different axes of the triaxial nucleus, and sudden changes of the rotation axis in specific configurations, ...
This study looked at the soil bacterial microbiome before a broiler house was constructed, then through 11 flock rotations (2.5 ... This study looked at the soil bacterial microbiome before a broiler house was constructed, then through 11 flock rotations (2.5 ... Results of AMOVA comparisons on the Flocks reveal that based on OTU theta-yc distance at a level of 0.03, Flocks 1 and 2 are ... We will be provided with an authorization token (please note: passwords are not shared with us) and will sync your accounts for ...
The results open up new research possibilities, such as the testing of materials under extreme centrifugal load, and provide ... D.S. contributed to interpreting the results and provided technical guidance. All authors discussed and approved the manuscript ... The resulting drag torques can be obtained as , which is in the range of 10−7 Nm for a 0.5-mm sphere rotating at 40 Mrpm (21). ... The resulting rotor temperature is obtained from the power balance and is shown in Fig. 2B for the same experimental conditions ...
One can provide complete rotation invariance in shape contexts. One way is to measure angles at each point relative to the ... The results of applying this to different situations is given in the following section. The authors Serge Belongie and Jitendra ... "Splines Minimizing Rotation-Invariant Semi-Norms in Sobolev Spaces". Constructive Theory of Functions of Several Variables: 85- ... Many applications in fact forbid rotation invariance e.g. distinguishing a "6" from a "9". A complete system that uses shape ...
Providing the survey in paper form enabled ease of completion, resulting in a high response rate. However, the generalisability ... in paediatric rotations; 60.4% in adult rotations). The specific professional group most frequently named was nursing and ... Results. Of the 151 students invited to participate in the study, 146 (96.7%) completed the survey (68/73 in Sydney and 78/78 ... Our results confirm the findings of decades of research with medical students, in which up to 95% reported having experiences ...
Changing over from all wheat to wheat-pea rotations can be uncertain. To help, researchers have been studying how pea genetics ... Finally, "pea-wheat rotations produce higher yield," says Chen. "They provide farmers with more net returns than traditional ... It also fixes nitrogen from the atmosphere." Pea crops require very little nitrogen fertilizer as a result, which reduces ... "These short-chain fatty acids can be absorbed by the colon or used by bacteria as energy, which provides many benefits to the ...
Consequently, switching out the audit firm would also result in having to reshuffle the firms providing non-audit services. ... Although PCAOB is moving slowly on mandatory auditor rotation, issuers would be well advised to weigh in on its release since ... 2012 Proxy Season - Audit Firm Rotation * 1. 200 Broadacres Drive, 3rd Floor Bloomfield, NJ 07003 P: 973.873.7700 F: 973.338. ... The Carpenters argue that mandatory auditor rotation would improve the integrity of the audit and ensure the independence of ...
Results. Overall, field pea provided the highest and most consistent N-credit to the following wheat crop (see table below). ... N-Credit (lb/ac per 1000 lbs grain harvested) attributed to different grain legumes in crop rotation with wheat. Site and Year ... Results for chickpea were inconsistent. At Brandon, chickpea produced the highest N-credit of all legumes, while at Carman ... Grain Legumes in Crop Rotation Printable Version. Background. Annual legumes, such as field peas, partner with soil bacteria to ...
The rotation rate of comet 41P/Tuttle-Giacobini-Kresák decreased rapidly between March and May 2017, owing to gas emission from ... We thank N. Eisner and D. Schleicher for sharing their preliminary results with us. We thank N. Samarasinha for calculating the ... The Large Monolithic Imager was built by Lowell Observatory using funds provided by the National Science Foundation (AST- ... Rotation periods for different activity models.. Extended data tables. *1.. Summary of measured rotation periods. *2.. ...
  • Actual results could differ materially from those included in the forward-looking statements due to various factors, risks and uncertainties, including, but not limited to, risks and uncertainties associated with the consummation of the proposed offering, changes in general economic or regulatory conditions, and the clinical development and commercialization of Acceleron's compounds. (yahoo.com)
  • In this pilot study, we surveyed final-stage medical students from two Australian medical schools about their experiences of teaching by humiliation during their adult and paediatric clinical rotations. (mja.com.au)
  • Student reports of experiencing or witnessing teaching by humiliation during their adult and paediatric clinical rotations. (mja.com.au)
  • 83.1%) teaching by humiliation during adult clinical rotations. (mja.com.au)
  • 45.1%) it during their paediatric clinical rotation. (mja.com.au)
  • 16 Our research question was: what are the interpretations and experiences of teaching by humiliation among students from two Australian medical schools during their paediatric and adult clinical rotations? (mja.com.au)
  • Rotations will consist of clinical activities, tutorials, case-based discussions and assignments, and self-learning. (edu.au)
  • They will participate in an orientation session at the beginning of the rotation, daily clinical rounds, and case-based activities. (edu.au)
  • Dedicated to producing the next generation of clinical and academic radiologists, the Radiology Residency provides intensive training in all subspecialties and modalities of imaging. (massgeneral.org)
  • The team provides opportunities for resident participation in basic and clinical research. (massgeneral.org)
  • Clinical rotations are taught by formal lectures and clinical demonstrations. (stelizabeth.com)
  • Students are given written exams in each clinical rotation during lecture periods and while in the clinical field. (stelizabeth.com)
  • Three weeks of clinical learning will occur at the conclusion of lectures in each rotation. (stelizabeth.com)
  • Most of the clinical experience is provided in our student laboratory. (stelizabeth.com)
  • However, a week of direct field experience will occur after all clinical rotations lectures are complete. (stelizabeth.com)
  • The one week of clinical learning will occur at the conclusion of lectures in each rotation. (stelizabeth.com)
  • The primary reasons are that educators may not fully appreciate the role of feedback as a fundamental clinical teaching tool and may not be skilled in the process of providing high-quality feedback. (asra.com)
  • Massachusetts General Hospital offers a three-year gynecologic oncology fellowship program that provides physicians interested in specializing in clinical and surgical gynecologic oncology with a robust learning experience. (massgeneral.org)
  • Working with colleagues throughout the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, the Mass General Cancer Center and other departments within Mass General, fellows have the opportunity to provide surgical and clinical care for patients in these and other departments. (massgeneral.org)
  • inconsistent results between various studies of using different orthosis, further high quality clinical trials were recommended. (bestbets.org)
  • A three-dimensional object can always be rotated around an infinite number of imaginary lines called rotation axes (/ˈæksiːz/ AK-seez). (wikipedia.org)
  • Rotations around the x, y and z axes are called principal rotations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, the tori provide the boundary of the workspace of the axes' constellation. (aimsciences.org)
  • G. Piovan and F. Bullo, On coordinate-free rotation decomposition: Euler angles about arbitrary axes,, IEEE Transactions on Robotics , 28 (2012), 728. (aimsciences.org)
  • Rotations around different axes of the triaxial nucleus, and sudden changes of the rotation axis in specific configurations, are identified, further elucidating the nature of high-spin collective excitations in the A = 130 mass region. (osti.gov)
  • The solar day is gradually getting longer because Earth's rotation is slowing down ever so slightly," says Daniel MacMillan of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center. (universetoday.com)
  • This leap second accounts for the fact that the Earth's rotation around its own axis, which determines the length of a day, slows down over time while the atomic clocks we use to measure time tick away at almost the same speed over millions of years. (universetoday.com)
  • By the 1950s, scientists had already realized that some scientific measurements and technologies demanded more precise timekeeping than Earth's rotation could provide. (universetoday.com)
  • Precise knowledge of the Earth's rotation and its variations is needed for positioning and navigating objects on Earth and in space. (iau.org)
  • Earth's rotation is completed in about 24 hours - this is called the daily motion of the earth. (hubpages.com)
  • The second article presents applications of linear mixedeffects models and calibration to predict the volume in Eucalyptus grandis plantations in first and second rotation. (usp.br)
  • Several additional unsteady mechanisms have been proposed ( 6 ), mostly based on wing rotation, but recent studies have found little or no evidence for their use by insects ( 11 ). (sciencemag.org)
  • Here we report observations of comet 41P/Tuttle-Giacobini-Kresák during its close approach to Earth (0.142 astronomical units, approximately 21 million kilometres, on 1 April 2017) that reveal a rapid decrease in rotation rate. (nature.com)
  • Between March and May 2017, the apparent rotation period of the nucleus increased from 20 hours to more than 46 hours-a rate of change of more than an order of magnitude larger than has hitherto been measured. (nature.com)
  • We aimed to present the benefits of international surgery rotations and how these rotations contribute to the attainment of the 6 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) competencies. (nih.gov)
  • International surgery rotations to locations in which resources are constrained, operative diseases vary, and patient diversity abound provide unique opportunities for surgery residents to attain the 6 ACGME competencies. (nih.gov)
  • Five categories of essential day one competencies will assessed during the rotation. (edu.au)
  • Longer rotation schemes require less herbicide and reduce frequency of sudden death syndrome in soybean. (iastate.edu)
  • With the support from North Central Region - Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Program and collaboration with agronomists at Iowa State University, we are investigating how conventionally managed 2-year corn-soybean rotation compares to a 3-year rotation (corn-soybean-small grain+ red clover), and a 4-year rotation (maize-soybean-small grain + alfalfa-alfalfa) affects the soybean aphid's use of soybean as a host plant. (iastate.edu)
  • Overall, we found soybean aphids had significantly higher population growth rates when infested on soybean in a 2-year than 3-year or 4-year rotation at the late vegetative growth stage. (iastate.edu)
  • In 2018, we measured macronutrient concentrations within soybean from each rotation as an indicator of host quality. (iastate.edu)
  • Our results suggest soybeans grown in an extended rotation have a different profile of macronutrients, which may influence the plants value as a host for soybean aphid. (iastate.edu)
  • It may sound a little like what you do to your car tires, but the "Great Rotation" in stocks actually tells us a lot more about what investors are thinking about markets, the economy, and more. (marketwatch.com)
  • The Great Rotation: Fact or fiction? (marketwatch.com)
  • With bond valuations stretched and equity indexes rebounding, talk grows of a "great rotation" of billions of institutional assets out of fixed-income and into stocks . (marketwatch.com)
  • By contrast, in nonunion workplaces, results of the analysis provided support for a link between the adoption of employee involvement programs and formal grievance procedures, but not between employee involvement and lower grievance rates. (erudit.org)
  • 9. The instrument of claim 5 including a rotation knob mounted at the proximal handle, for mounting the proximal bendable member and manipulable by a user to control, via the bendable members, the rotation of the distal tool. (google.ca)
  • A spline shafts has grooves or tongues machined along its length for torque transmission or anti-rotation linear guide applications. (globalspec.com)
  • Miniature bearings and instrument bearings carry moderate radial and thrust loads at low operating torque while providing high performance in a small envelope design. (globalspec.com)
  • The results can be compared with experimental observations of growth of normal and mutant forms, allowing further hypotheses and experiments to be formulated. (pnas.org)
  • Over the centuries the markets have provided some outstanding observations. (safehaven.com)
  • VLBI measurements are made daily by an international network of stations that team up to conduct observations at the same time and correlate the results. (universetoday.com)
  • However, based upon empiric results and observations made during testing, a preferred nozzle design was selected. (cdc.gov)
  • 2500 progeny analyzed for three genetic markers to understand the sexual process in this fungus, leading to four observations: (i) Marker segregation provides genetic evidence for a single meiotic event within the basidium followed by multiple rounds of mitosis. (genetics.org)
  • They provide farmers with more net returns than traditional cereal mono-cropping in the Northern Great Plains. (eurekalert.org)
  • Rather, German organic farmers resort to shallow ploughing, a reduced number of ploughing operations in the rotation and/or substitution of the ploughing with non-inversion tillage. (mdpi.com)
  • I am very grateful to be able to successfully finish my third rotation at Walgreens pharmacy in Wellington, FL. (bartleby.com)
  • Although PCAOB is moving slowly on mandatory auditor rotation, issuers would be well advised to weigh in on its release since shareholder activists are likely to continue raising the matter through annual meeting resolutions. (slideshare.net)
  • We investigate the effect of credit analyst rotation in the context of long-term ratings of S&P 500 issuers between 2002 and 2015. (ssrn.com)
  • We find that analyst rotation in the coverage of issuers is associated with higher rating activity and a lower credit risk assessment (e.g., rating downgrades) following the appointment of a new credit analyst. (ssrn.com)
  • Bi-factor models and rotations: Exploring the extent to which multidimensional data yield univocal scale scores. (springer.com)
  • Late plantings which result in flowering during the high temperature-low moisture period in July and August will reduce yield. (purdue.edu)
  • In flight dynamics, the principal rotations are known as yaw, pitch, and roll (known as Tait-Bryan angles). (wikipedia.org)
  • In an appendix, tools for dealing with angles and rotations are introduced and the equivalence of unit quaternion representation and unit ball representation is described. (aimsciences.org)
  • The technique consists of rotating a lens in front of a stationary, two dimensional light source in which the appropriate pixels are illuminated at calculated lens rotation angles. (spie.org)
  • If these torques increase the rate of rotation to the extent that centripetal forces exceed the material strength of the nucleus, the comet can fragment 3 . (nature.com)
  • A renewed research effort on short rotation willow coppice plantations in Sweden commenced in the late 1960's due to a predicted shortage of raw materials for the pulp and paper industries, which turned out to be a false alarm. (intechopen.com)
  • The results open up new research possibilities, such as the testing of materials under extreme centrifugal load, and provide insights into the development of future electric drive systems. (sciencemag.org)
  • Pea crops require very little nitrogen fertilizer as a result, which reduces energy cost and greenhouse emissions. (eurekalert.org)
  • Know what you've done and when: soil work, sowing seeds, pest control, etc. to improve gardening results: Which crops were winners/losers? (plangarden.com)
  • The value and demand for sessile marine resources, such as sea cucumber, are rising ( 3 ), resulting in the general overexploitation and even high extinction risk for some sea cucumber populations globally ( 3 , 4 ), even in seemingly well-managed fisheries, such as in the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park (GBRMP) ( 5 , 6 ). (pnas.org)
  • DGR provides good cosmetic results compared with SE and shows high patient satisfaction despite longer scarring and higher median resection volume. (hindawi.com)
  • The large surface area of ball contact with grooved shaft results in high load capacity. (globalspec.com)
  • Perfect for high-speed motion and high-speed rotation. (globalspec.com)
  • A pump configured to operate at 24 MPa (3500 psi) and a flow rate of 0.11 m3/min (30 gpm) was used to provide high pressure water for scaling. (cdc.gov)
  • To maintain high power when shaving dense beards / stubble, the motor rotation speed is increased to provide powerful cutting. (panasonic.com)
  • High humidity and excess rainfall late in the season can result in disease problems and harvesting losses due to delayed maturity. (purdue.edu)
  • This study looked at the soil bacterial microbiome before a broiler house was constructed, then through 11 flock rotations (2.5 years) that included a partial clean-out and a total clean-out within the management regimen. (frontiersin.org)
  • Improvement of NT and RT (rotations, implements, timing) in organic farming is a task of both agricultural practice and science. (mdpi.com)
  • This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (hindawi.com)
  • This article provides the basic information needed for an effective year-round biosecurity rodent control program. (thepigsite.com)
  • This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial license , which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, so long as the resultant use is not for commercial advantage and provided the original work is properly cited. (sciencemag.org)
  • These permit rapid access to optimized object recognition algorithm analyses and the results of multi-sensor data fusion. (embedded.com)
  • 5. A product as claimed in claim 1 , which product further comprises a character recognition area which is provided with a third subset of the position-codes. (google.com)
  • For example, one disclosed embodiment comprises receiving multiple inputs related to a virtual object, aggregating the inputs into an aggregated output, and providing the aggregated output to an application that controls the virtual object. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 2. The method of claim 1, wherein the aggregated output comprises information related to one or more of a position, a translation, a rotation and a scaling of the virtual object. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • 5. The method of claim 2, wherein the information related to a rotation comprises a degree of rotation about an average location of the first touch-based input and the second touch-based input relative to a reference direction. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Arbitrary k will provide k power of this transfer function and will reduce side lobe value to 0.05k. (wikipedia.org)
  • Occasional dark triangular areas that occur on POES images are a result of gaps in data transmitted from the orbiters. (wunderground.com)
  • The Optical Stabilizer uses optical flow technology to analyze every frame in the source clip to determine the movement of the camera and then adjusts the position, rotation and scale of the clip to compensate for the unwanted camera movement. (borisfx.com)
  • The automatic stubble sensor adjusts shaving power according to the density of your beard and is gentler on skin for optimum shaving results. (panasonic.com)
  • Like halteres, insect wings experience gyroscopic forces when they are flapped and rotated and recent evidence suggests that wings might indeed mediate reflexes to body rotations. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • Finally, the damaging symptoms of a disease can be the result of the attempts by the host's immune system to rid the body of the invader. (encyclopedia.com)
  • One rotation is completed when a given heavenly body crosses the observer's meridian two times in succession. (hubpages.com)