Parabens: Methyl, propyl, butyl, and ethyl esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid. They have been approved by the FDA as antimicrobial agents for foods and pharmaceuticals. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed, p872)Preservatives, Pharmaceutical: Substances added to pharmaceutical preparations to protect them from chemical change or microbial action. They include ANTI-BACTERIAL AGENTS and antioxidants.Cosmetics: Substances intended to be applied to the human body for cleansing, beautifying, promoting attractiveness, or altering the appearance without affecting the body's structure or functions. Included in this definition are skin creams, lotions, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail polishes, eye and facial makeup preparations, permanent waves, hair colors, toothpastes, and deodorants, as well as any material intended for use as a component of a cosmetic product. (U.S. Food & Drug Administration Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition Office of Cosmetics Fact Sheet (web page) Feb 1995)Food Preservatives: Substances capable of inhibiting, retarding or arresting the process of fermentation, acidification or other deterioration of foods.Hydroxybenzoates: Benzoate derivatives substituted by one or more hydroxy groups in any position on the benzene ring.Endocrine Disruptors: Exogenous agents, synthetic and naturally occurring, which are capable of disrupting the functions of the ENDOCRINE SYSTEM including the maintenance of HOMEOSTASIS and the regulation of developmental processes. Endocrine disruptors are compounds that can mimic HORMONES, or enhance or block the binding of hormones to their receptors, or otherwise lead to activating or inhibiting the endocrine signaling pathways and hormone metabolism.Triclosan: A diphenyl ether derivative used in cosmetics and toilet soaps as an antiseptic. It has some bacteriostatic and fungistatic action.Enterobacter cloacae: A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that occurs in water, sewage, soil, meat, hospital environments, and on the skin and in the intestinal tract of man and animals as a commensal.Puberty: A period in the human life in which the development of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal system takes place and reaches full maturity. The onset of synchronized endocrine events in puberty lead to the capacity for reproduction (FERTILITY), development of secondary SEX CHARACTERISTICS, and other changes seen in ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT.Risk Factors: An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.Puberty, Precocious: Development of SEXUAL MATURATION in boys and girls at a chronological age that is 2.5 standard deviations below the mean age at onset of PUBERTY in the population. This early maturation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis results in sexual precocity, elevated serum levels of GONADOTROPINS and GONADAL STEROID HORMONES such as ESTRADIOL and TESTOSTERONE.OregonState Health Plans: State plans prepared by the State Health Planning and Development Agencies which are made up from plans submitted by the Health Systems Agencies and subject to review and revision by the Statewide Health Coordinating Council.Hazardous Substances: Elements, compounds, mixtures, or solutions that are considered severely harmful to human health and the environment. They include substances that are toxic, corrosive, flammable, or explosive.Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Medicaid: Federal program, created by Public Law 89-97, Title XIX, a 1965 amendment to the Social Security Act, administered by the states, that provides health care benefits to indigent and medically indigent persons.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Smell: The ability to detect scents or odors, such as the function of OLFACTORY RECEPTOR NEURONS.Epilobium: A plant genus of the family ONAGRACEAE. The common name of fireweed is also used with other plants.Carthamus tinctorius: A plant genus of the family ASTERACEAE. Oil from the seed (SAFFLOWER OIL) is an important food oil of commerce.Vaccinium myrtillus: A plant species of the family VACCINIUM.Rosa: A plant genus in the family ROSACEAE and order Rosales. This should not be confused with the genus RHODIOLA which is sometimes called roseroot.Punicaceae: A plant family of the order Myrtales, subclass Rosidae, class Magnoliopsida that is a small family with a single genus.Hamamelis: A plant genus of the family Hamamelidaceae, order Hamamelidales. It is known for the astringent (ASTRINGENTS) extract of leaves and bark used in over the counter preparations. This should not be confused with the similar named Hamelia genus (RUBIACEAE).Arecaceae: The palm family of order Arecales, subclass Arecidae, class Liliopsida.Aloe: A plant genus of the family Aloeaceae, order Liliales (or Asphodelaceae, Asparagales in APG system) which is used medicinally. It contains anthraquinone glycosides such as aloin-emodin or aloe-emodin (EMODIN).Breast Neoplasms: Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.Endocrine System: The system of glands that release their secretions (hormones) directly into the circulatory system. In addition to the ENDOCRINE GLANDS, included are the CHROMAFFIN SYSTEM and the NEUROSECRETORY SYSTEMS.Receptors, Calcitriol: Proteins, usually found in the cytoplasm, that specifically bind calcitriol, migrate to the nucleus, and regulate transcription of specific segments of DNA with the participation of D receptor interacting proteins (called DRIP). Vitamin D is converted in the liver and kidney to calcitriol and ultimately acts through these receptors.Sunscreening Agents: Chemical or physical agents that protect the skin from sunburn and erythema by absorbing or blocking ultraviolet radiation.Sunburn: An injury to the skin causing erythema, tenderness, and sometimes blistering and resulting from excessive exposure to the sun. The reaction is produced by the ultraviolet radiation in sunlight.Beauty: Characteristics or attributes of persons or things which elicit pleasurable feelings.Sun Protection Factor: A measure of relative protection provided by SUNSCREENING AGENTS against burns due to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from a light source.Erythema: Redness of the skin produced by congestion of the capillaries. This condition may result from a variety of causes.Sunlight: Irradiation directly from the sun.Ultraviolet Rays: That portion of the electromagnetic spectrum immediately below the visible range and extending into the x-ray frequencies. The longer wavelengths (near-UV or biotic or vital rays) are necessary for the endogenous synthesis of vitamin D and are also called antirachitic rays; the shorter, ionizing wavelengths (far-UV or abiotic or extravital rays) are viricidal, bactericidal, mutagenic, and carcinogenic and are used as disinfectants.Skin Pigmentation: Coloration of the skin.Forensic Nursing: The application of NURSING knowledge to questions of law. It is a specialty of nursing practice involving victims of crime which includes not only attending to the physical and emotional distress of victims, but also the identifying, collecting, and preserving evidence for law enforcement and the criminal justice system.Protective Clothing: Clothing designed to protect the individual against possible exposure to known hazards.Deodorants: Agents that remove, correct, repress, or mask undesirable ODORS. In personal hygiene, deodorants often contain astringent preparations that reduce SWEATING, referred to as ANTIPERSPIRANTS. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)Antiperspirants: Agents that are put on the SKIN to reduce SWEATING or prevent excess sweating (HYPERHIDROSIS).Breast: In humans, one of the paired regions in the anterior portion of the THORAX. The breasts consist of the MAMMARY GLANDS, the SKIN, the MUSCLES, the ADIPOSE TISSUE, and the CONNECTIVE TISSUES.Aluminum Compounds: Inorganic compounds that contain aluminum as an integral part of the molecule.Aluminum: A metallic element that has the atomic number 13, atomic symbol Al, and atomic weight 26.98.Aluminum Hydroxide: A compound with many biomedical applications: as a gastric antacid, an antiperspirant, in dentifrices, as an emulsifier, as an adjuvant in bacterins and vaccines, in water purification, etc.CarbanilidesIsotretinoin: A topical dermatologic agent that is used in the treatment of ACNE VULGARIS and several other skin diseases. The drug has teratogenic and other adverse effects.Medulloblastoma: A malignant neoplasm that may be classified either as a glioma or as a primitive neuroectodermal tumor of childhood (see NEUROECTODERMAL TUMOR, PRIMITIVE). The tumor occurs most frequently in the first decade of life with the most typical location being the cerebellar vermis. Histologic features include a high degree of cellularity, frequent mitotic figures, and a tendency for the cells to organize into sheets or form rosettes. Medulloblastoma have a high propensity to spread throughout the craniospinal intradural axis. (From DeVita et al., Cancer: Principles and Practice of Oncology, 5th ed, pp2060-1)Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols: The use of two or more chemicals simultaneously or sequentially in the drug therapy of neoplasms. The drugs need not be in the same dosage form.Vincristine: An antitumor alkaloid isolated from VINCA ROSEA. (Merck, 11th ed.)Radiation Oncology: A subspecialty of medical oncology and radiology concerned with the radiotherapy of cancer.Cerebellar Neoplasms: Primary or metastatic neoplasms of the CEREBELLUM. Tumors in this location frequently present with ATAXIA or signs of INTRACRANIAL HYPERTENSION due to obstruction of the fourth ventricle. Common primary cerebellar tumors include fibrillary ASTROCYTOMA and cerebellar HEMANGIOBLASTOMA. The cerebellum is a relatively common site for tumor metastases from the lung, breast, and other distant organs. (From Okazaki & Scheithauer, Atlas of Neuropathology, 1988, p86 and p141)Carboplatin: An organoplatinum compound that possesses antineoplastic activity.
"Lotion ingredient paraben may be more potent carcinogen than thought". Berkely News. Retrieved 31 December 2015. "Parabens and ... "Lower doses of common product ingredient might increase breast cancer risk". Silent Sprint Institute. Retrieved 31 December ... A 2015 study funded by the California Breast Cancer Research Program found that parabens, a common ingredient in cosmetic ...
Researchers believe parabens have the ability to bind to human androgen receptors but it still remains unclear. Bisphenols such ... Exposure to these environmental antiandrogens has resulted in adverse effects on animals that allude to human health risks.[ ... Parabens are used as preservatives and/or antimicrobial agents and commonly found in food, soap, detergent, toothpaste, ... Paraben esters, such as butylparaben, have been found to mimic androgen antagonist activity. Antiandrogenic endocrine ...
Benson HA, Sarveiya V, Risk S, Roberts MS. "Influence of anatomical site and topical formulation on skin penetration of ... parabens, UV screens, and musks". J Toxicol Environ Health A. 68: 239-51. doi:10.1080/15287390590895054. PMID 15799449. ... sunscreens". Ther Clin Risk Manag. 1: 209-18. PMC 1661631 . PMID 18360561.  Ma et al., 2003 Gomez E, Pillon A, Fenet H, ...
"There is no evidence of demonstrable risk for the development of breast cancer caused by the use of paraben-containing underarm ... Long-chained parabens, like butylparaben, are more estrogenic than short-chained parabens, like methyl- or ethylparaben. This ... In most cosmetics paraben is used at low levels, ranging from 0.01 to 0.3%. Butylparaben is used in low concentrations in ... However, parabens have not been proven to cause breast cancer. Estimates by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the ...
Beronius A, Rudén C, Håkansson H, Hanberg A. Risk to all or none? A comparative analysis of controversies in the health risk ... Parabens, a class of chemicals that has been associated with reproductive-tract issues, were detected in seven of the "chemical ... The risk of exposure to EDCs increases as products, both conventional and "chemical free," are used in combination. "If a ... Exposure increases the risk of skin cancer, liver cancer, and brain cancer. Monsanto tried for years to downplay the health ...
According to paraben research this is relatively safe, posing only a negligible risk to the endocrine system. However, since ... chlorinated parabens. When paraben-containing products are washed down the drain, parabens have the potential to undergo ... Golden R, Gandy J, Vollmer G (2005). "A review of the endocrine activity of parabens and implications for potential risks to ... Li W., Shi Y., Gao L., Liu J., Cai Y. (2015). Occurrence, fate and risk assessment of parabens and their chlorinated ...
One constituent of deodorant products which has given cause for concern are parabens, a chemical additive. According to the ... "Antiperspirants and Breast Cancer Risk". American Cancer Society. Ulrich May; Karl-Heinz Stirner; Roger Lauener; Johannes Ring ... risk assessment cannot be performed." The myth that breast cancer is believed to be linked with deodorant use has been widely ... The use of deodorants/antiperspirants does not constitute a risk factor for breast cancer]". Bull Cancer (Comprehensive ...
... so the scientific consensus must be that there is a positive risk/benefit ratio. Whatever benefits there might be, the reader ... This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Paraben article.. This is not a forum for general discussion of the ... It makes no mention of parabens at all. The anti-perspirant email is already covered in the deodorant article. It doesn't make ... Apparently there have been a series of anonymous edits adding and removing a U.C. Berkley study on Paraben introduced in vitro ...
Due to the controversy over parabens, many soap-makers have begun to advertise their soaps as paraben-free. Due to their lower ... There is furthermore little risk of accidental discharge of the product during transport. The principal disadvantages of ...
... phhthalates and parabens. Muncke, J. et al. (2013). "Letter to the Editor and Response Jan 2013." Comprehensive reviews in food ... which promotes knowledge and understanding of scientific facts and controversies of health risks arising from food packaging ...
Some manufacturers are using this preservative as a replacement for parabens. Tube feeding of potassium sorbate reduces the ... Nordic Food Additive Database Nordic Working Group on Food Toxicology and Risk Assessment. Erich Lück, Martin Jager and Nico ...
Risks. The risk of temporary or permanent nerve damage varies between different locations and types of nerve blocks. ... Also cases of allergy to paraben derivatives occur, which are often added as preservatives to local anesthetic solutions. ... Disadvantages: Risk of temporary periodontal tissue damage, likelihood of bacteriemia and endocarditis for at-risk populations, ... Risks Associated with Your Anaesthetic. Section 12. January 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-10-09. Retrieved ...
The study, published in 2004, showed that the longer that women lived on Cape Cod, the higher was their breast cancer risk. The ... paraben-free' products when shopping for deodorant, shampoo or cosmetics, and avoid vinyl products especially pillow and ... It engages in research on the links between risk of breast cancer and exposure to chemicals found in everyday products. Its ... the study made headlines by highlighting new hypotheses about environmental risks and showing that common exposures, including ...
Physical preservation entails processes such as refrigeration or drying. Preservative food additives reduce the risk of ... parabens stable at a broad pH range, personal care products E220 - E228 sulfur dioxide and sulfites common for fruits, wine ... but a risk still exists. Consumption of sodium benzoate may also cause hyperactivity. For over 30 years, there has been a ...
"IOM Report Has Familiar List of Known Breast Cancer Risks". WSJ. "Raise a Stink!". "Breast Cancer Awareness Month Brings the ... to promote products containing parabens, chemicals linked to breast cancer. In 2012, the Food and Drug Administration had ... that are linked to the disease developed or are used in a manner that associates it with the increased risk of disease. The ... which can be attributed to high-fat diets linked to cancer risk and diseases. Komen contested and saw the marketing as ...
Furthermore, some of them contain parabens. Parabens are preservatives that can affect the endocrine system. Indoor tanning ... Tanvetyanon T, Bepler G (July 2008). "Beta-carotene in multivitamins and the possible risk of lung cancer among smokers versus ... parabens) in human breast tumours". Journal of Applied Toxicology. 24 (1): 1-4. doi:10.1002/jat.957. Retrieved 2013-07-28. FDA ... concluding spray tanning with DHA did not pose risk, has been heavily criticized by specialists. This is because the cosmetics ...
885-. ISBN 978-0-521-87662-9. Witorsch RJ (2002). "Endocrine disruptors: can biological effects and environmental risks be ... Synthetic xenoestrogens: alkylphenols, bisphenols (e.g., bisphenol A), parabens, phthalates, polyhalogenated compounds ...
... methyl paraben and triclosan in commercial products labeled as grapefruit seed extract". Pharmazie. 62 (8): 593-6. PMID ... "The effects of grapefruit pectin on patients at risk for coronary heart disease without altering diet or lifestyle". Clin ...
Parabens are also an estrogen mimicker and are chemically the same structure. Phthalates: Phthalates are used in cosmetics as " ... In response to this, the water industry has stated that there is no evidence of a risk to overall health as a result of ... For example, EDCs such as parabens, phthalates, and triclosans can be found in everyday household items such as generic ... "Urinary Excretion of Phthalates and Paraben after Repeatedwhole-body Topical Application in Humans." International Journal of ...
For example, the ingredients are listed on the ingredient declaration for the purchaser to reduce the risk of an allergic ... Paraben. Methylparaben Cetyl alcohol. Cetyl Alcohol Vitamin E. Tocopherol Beeswax. Beeswax* Vegetable Glycerin. Glycerin ...
Studies indicate that girls who become sexually mature at earlier ages are also more likely to engage in risk-taking behaviors ... Darbre PD, Aljarrah A, Miller WR, Coldham NG, Sauer MJ, Pope GS (2004). "Concentrations of parabens in human breast tumours". J ... Some studies have suggested precocious puberty places girls at a higher risk of breast cancer later in life. Precocious puberty ... parabens (lotions) phthalates (plasticizers) DEHP (plasticizer for PVC) Propyl gallate (used to protect oils and fats in ...
"The effects of grapefruit pectin on patients at risk for coronary heart disease without altering diet or lifestyle". Clin ... activity associated with GSE preparations is merely due to contamination with synthetic preservatives such as parabens. There ...
It is a paraben-free three-step kit comprising a cleanser and toning gel, each with 2.5 percent benzoyl peroxide, and a ... "Potential Signals of Serious Risks/New Safety Information Identified by the FDA Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) between ...
As the majority of women with breast cancer have no risk factors other than sex and age, the environmental breast cancer ... or the parabens and phthalates used by most cosmetic companies, have been condemned as pinkwashing (a portmanteau of pink ... Welch, H. Gilbert (20 October 2010). "The Risk of Being Too Aware". The Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. World Health ... Early detection efforts result in overdiagnosis of precancerous and cancerous tumors that would never risk the woman's life ( ...
... associated with café au lait macules List of contact allergens List of cutaneous conditions associated with increased risk of ... Nail lacquer-induced Nail polish remover-induced Nickel dermatitis Occupation-induced p-Chloro-meta-xylenol-induced Paraben- ...
Synthetic xenoestrogens (e.g., alkylphenols, bisphenols (e.g., BPA, BPF, BPS), DDT, parabens, PBBs, PHBA, phthalates, PCBs) ... Hägglund H, Remberger M, Klaesson S, Lönnqvist B, Ljungman P, Ringdén O (1998). "Norethisterone treatment, a major risk-factor ... IARC Working Group on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans; World Health Organization; International Agency for ... These findings suggest little to no risk of androgenic side effects with norethisterone at a dosage of 5 mg/day. A ...
Read about the facts and myths behind deodorant health risks. Cleure will help take some confusion about the side effects of ... Alzheimers Disease Risk with Antiperspirants/Deodorants Parabens in Antiperspirants Deodorant or antiperspirant is a very ... ANTIPERSPIRANT, DEODORANT HEALTH RISKS: FACT OR MYTH Share! In This Article: What is Antiperspirant? Breast Cancer Risk with ... One such chemical group is parabens that have been reported to increase the risk of breast cancer. These studies have not been ...
Avoid risk of parabens, aluminum, and other unnatural stuff. *For nursing mothers, theres a serious change in my peace of mind ... Definitely no more risk of staining than regular antiperspirant, which does a fine job making white shirts yellow, you know?. ... It doesnt stop you from sweating, but it is SAFE (read: no aluminum, no parabens). Lasts 5 days for me too! ... Even if the risks of aluminum/antiperspirant are overblown or minimal at best, Im still going to stick with ingredients that ...
Parabens. Parabens are preservatives used in many different types of personal care products, including moisturizers, deodorants ... Why Ingredients in Deodorants and Antiperspirants Pose Risks to Health. Unfortunately, altering the microbiome in your armpit ... Parabens are associated with changes to the production and regulation of estrogen and other hormones in your body as they ... 26 Oaklander, M. (2014). Plastic Chemicals During Pregnancy Linked to 70% Increased Asthma Risk. TIME.com ...
Teen girls may be at particular risk to chemicals such as parabens and triclosan used in cosmetics and personal care ... Puberty and Parabens: New Study Cites Risk. March 16, 2016 , Contact Author , By: Nicole Urbanowicz. ... Abstract: Teen girls may be at particular risk to chemicals such as parabens and triclosan used in cosmetics and personal care ... Unexpectedly, paraben concentrations of ethyl and butyl paraben in particular increased, although concentrations were low ...
Teen girls may be at particular risk to chemicals such as parabens and triclosan used in cosmetics and personal care ... Unexpectedly, paraben concentrations of ethyl and butyl paraben in particular increased, although concentrations were low ... Adolescent girls who use personal care products that are labeled to be "free of" phthalates, parabens, triclosan, and ... "Consumers are often confused by scary sounding claims about chemical risks that may sound science-based, but do not reveal ...
Parabens. Manufacturers use parabens as preservatives in many cosmetics. Parabens may appear on cosmetic labels as the ... Parabens can enter the body through the skin and mimic estrogen.. Although parabens will only act as a weak form of estrogen, ... According to the EWG, there are more than 4,000 chemicals classed as PFAS that may pose the following risks:. *harming a ... Breast tissue and breast cancers can contain paraben, though this is not proof that they are linked with cancer. It could ...
By the early 2000s, parabens were found in over 90% of cosmetic products. Parabens are a group of alkyl esters of p- ... Parabens were first used in the mid1920s for their antimicrobial properties. ... Home / News › Eliminating the Risk of Parabens in Skin and Wound Care Eliminating the Risk of Parabens in Skin and Wound Care. ... Eliminating the Risk of Parabens in Skin and Wound Care Posted February 12, 2018. ...
Parabens. Human breast tumours occur when creams, hair care and shaving products with the presence of parabens are used in ... Risks. The Cancer Prevention Coalition and Organic Consumers Association notify about the major risks caused by cosmetics ... Home Healthy Living Beauty and Skincare Major Risks from Cosmetics and Personal Care Products ... Major Risks from Cosmetics and Personal Care Products was last modified: March 21st, 2016 by Swathi ...
Propyl paraben. Same as above. 94-13-3. para-Chloroaniline. Burns skin and eyes; interferes with ability of the blood to carry ... increased risk for breast cancer; bioaccumulative; male reproductive system effects, including effects to sperm development and ... Parabens. The following five chemicals are grouped together because they share similar characteristics, including the following ...
The other parabens garnered moderate-high risk ratings from the group.. EXPERT OPINION: "The notion that parabens cause breast ... ALTERNATIVES: If a product doesnt contain parabens, companies will usually mark it "paraben-free," a designation thats more ... Safety profile: Parabens are rumored to be linked to breast cancer. According to Randy Schueller, a cosmetic chemist and the ... However, the study was criticized because it did not prove causation between paraben load and cancer formation, just that the ...
Check out these 16 everyday products that pose huge health risks. Parabens. shutterstock ... A Harvard study has also connected paraben build-up in the body with reduced fertility, which is why propyl parabens have been ... Smart Use: Worry less about parabens than the alternatives. Stop using any new product if it irritates your skin. Here ten ... However, Colgate Total convinced the FDA that the benefit of triclosan in toothpaste outweighs any risks, so it can still be ...
Parabens are a group of chemical compounds widely used as preservatives in cosmetics, foods, and medicines. Health concerns ... How at risk for paraben bioaccumulation? I feel that part of the problem is societys insane desire to look more and more fake ... People and companies who adopt a "best practices" approach may choose to stay away from parabens, as future risks may be ... What I think is funny is that you talk about eliminating parabens, but without a doubt many paraben-free products are using a ...
Try Risk-Free for 90 Days.? Product Rank:. #53 in Night Moisturizers & Creams > ... Azelique, Age Refining Night Cream, with Azelaic Acid, Moisturizing and Hydrating, No Parabens, No Sulfates, 1.7 fl oz (50 ml) ... Azelique, Age Refining Night Cream, with Azelaic Acid, Moisturizing and Hydrating, No Parabens, No Sulfates, 1.7 fl oz (50 ml) ... Azelique, Age Refining Night Cream, with Azelaic Acid, Moisturizing and Hydrating, No Parabens, No Sulfates, 1.7 fl oz (50 ml) ...
Try Risk-Free for 90 Days.? Product Rank:. #97 in Treatments & Serums > ... Azelique, Age Refining Eye Treatment, with Azelaic Acid, Rejuvenating and Hydrating, No Parabens, No Sulfates, .5 fl oz (15 ml) ... Azelique, Age Refining Eye Treatment, with Azelaic Acid, Rejuvenating and Hydrating, No Parabens, No Sulfates, .5 fl oz (15 ml) ... Azelique, Age Refining Eye Treatment, with Azelaic Acid, Rejuvenating and Hydrating, No Parabens, No Sulfates, .5 fl oz (15 ml) ...
Additional Keywords : Increased Risk. Problem Substances : Bisphenol A [+] Bisphenol A, 17beta-estradiol, and Parabens increase ... There is a modest inverse association between lignan excretion and uterine fibroid risk. Jan 01, 2005. ...
Health Risks II-17. Ban on Parabens in Few Markets II-17. 4. PRODUCT OVERVIEW II-18. History II-18. Classification II-18. ...
Parabens. Phenol Sorbic Acid Salts Microbiological Control. Risk Assessment Objectionable Organisms. Sanitization and ...
Studies have shown that parabens are endocrine disruptors, they interfere with our natural hormones, and theyve been found in ... Simple in France´s last blog ..Risks youd take to live your dream =-. ... Why are parabens allowed in beauty products? Good question! The fact that parabens have been found in breast cancer tumors is a ... Getting the Parabens Out!. Meanwhile, each and every one of us can take action to get the parabens out of our lives and out of ...
... low risk while one in 12 had highly hazardous ingredients. ... such as parabens -- that can be harmful. Parabens are potential ... Knowing the risks. Most cosmetics and ingredients dont need approval from the US Food and Drug Administration before they go ... Since data began to emerge on the risks associated with hair relaxers, many women have veered away from them. But both Leiba ... This analysis is the first to assess products tailored to this demographic for their risks and dangers to consumer health. The ...
So what are they and what are the health benefits of using only paraben free makeup and skin products? ... What are the possible risks of using beauty products that contain parabens? ... So do you think that is safe to use toiletries or beauty products on your skin that contain parabens? If there is a health risk ... Thank you for letting people know about the risk of using parabens. I, for one, have been searching for products that are safe. ...
Identification of patients at risk of developing polysensitization is not possible at present. An association between weak ... Parabens / diagnostic use. Patch Tests / methods*. Phenylenediamines / diagnostic use. Potassium Dichromate / diagnostic use. ... Based on these results, sensitization to specific baseline allergens cannot be used as risk indicators for polysensitization.. ... RESULTS: Seven allergens--parabens mix, N-isopropyl-N-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine, sesquiterpene lactone mix, wool alcohols, ...
Scarily enough, phthalates as a group were previously considered to have no risk at all, just like parabens. And as with ... It is a fact that young girls and women have higher amounts of parabens in their urine than men, because paraben content is ... Most specifically, parabens and phthalates.. What are parabens and phthalates, you might ask? And perhaps more importantly, why ... In fact, the tests on paraben toxicity are ongoing. Its difficult to link parabens to health hazards for three big reasons: ...
Golden R, Gandy J, Vollmer G. A review of the endocrine activity of parabens and implications for potential risks to human ... Parabens. Methyl paraben CAS No. 99-76-3. Ethyl paraben CAS No. 120-47-8. n-Propyl paraben CAS No. 94-13-3. Butyl paraben CAS ... Levels of urinary parabens reflect recent exposure. In a small convenience sample of U.S. adults, methyl and n-propyl paraben ... The amount allowed depends on whether a mixture of parabens (up to 0.8%) or a single paraben (up to 0.4%) is used; however, ...
12] Golden R., et al., A review of the endocrine activity of parabens and implications for potential risks to human health. ... paraben. WHAT ARE PARABENS? Parabens are actually several distinct chemicals with a similar molecular structure. Several are ... Parabens Parabens are preservatives used in a wide variety of personal care products and foods to prevent the growth of ... HOW TO AVOID: Look for products labeled "paraben-free" and read ingredient lists on labels to avoid products with parabens. ...
Avoid It And Reduce Your Risk Of Cancer online. Nutritional advice articles from Patrick Holford. We want to help you achieve ... Industrial compounds - some PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls), dioxin, plus those listed for plastics • Cosmetics - parabens • ... HRT THE RISKS OUTWEIGH The Benefits. • HRT for longer than five years doubles the risk of breast cancer. The risk is higher if ... Oestrogen Dominance: Avoid It And Reduce Your Risk Of Cancer. Oestrogen Dominance: Avoid It And Reduce Your Risk Of Cancer. * ...
MethylparabenContain parabensPreservativePropylparabenButylPhenoxyethanolMethyl parabenShown that parabensPresence of parabensTumorsIrritationEstersEndocrine disruptorsChemicals called parabensAllergic ReactionsAmounts of parabensProperties of parabensHeard of parabensFact that parabensSuggest that parabensConcentration of parabensConcentrations of parabensPropyl parabensAntiperspirantsTotal parabenFive parabensEstrogen-like propertiesReproductiveCancersUrineCreamsOestrogenEstrogenic activityMimic estrogenBreast tissueUnderarmIsopropylparabenHormoneSkinEthylPropylene glycolIngredientAluminumHormonalHealth
- Applying personal care product containing parabens-especially methylparaben-can lead to UV-induced damage of skin cells and disruption of cell proliferation (cell growth rate). (safecosmetics.org)
- On an ingredient list, parabens appear as methylparaben, propylparaben, ethylparaben or any other word with "paraben. (lifescript.com)
- Methylparaben, propylparaben, butylparaben - these and similar are the names of parabens commonly used as preservatives. (news-medical.net)
- Common parabens include methylparaben (E number E218), ethylparaben (E214), propylparaben (E216), butylparaben and heptylparaben (E209). (wikipedia.org)
- The researchers explained that five parabens (n-propylparaben, methylparaben, n-butylparaben, ethylparaben and isobutylparaben) are widely used as preservatives in consumer products, in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industry, despite the possibility that they are slightly toxic. (www.nhs.uk)
- It may be difficult to keep track of which products contain parabens and at what levels, but with Viniferamine ® skin and wound care products one can rest assured that application of Viniferamine ® products to the skin will not result in increased levels of parabens in the body that can accumulate and result in local and systemic effects. (viniferaminestore.com)
- If a product doesn't contain parabens, companies will usually mark it "paraben-free," a designation that's more and more common since the 2004 study raised public awareness. (yahoo.com)
- Anything you eat, inhale, or spread on your skin can be absorbed into your body and potentially cause damage over time, including each and every one of your personal care products if they contain parabens and other synthetic hormone-mimicking chemicals. (mercola.com)
- A mixture of parabens may be used to create the best preservative effect, ensuring that molds, fungi, bacteria, and other unwanted visitors will not contaminate a product. (wisegeek.com)
- You might want to look closely at the 'paraben-free'-labeled products if they haven't replaced it with a more allergenic preservative. (wisegeek.com)
- What I think is funny is that you talk about eliminating parabens, but without a doubt many paraben-free products are using a preservative that has just come out within the last year -- a preservative that has little testing and no long term testing. (wisegeek.com)
- Parabens are most widely tested preservative, so you can make the choice. (wisegeek.com)
- Parabens are preservative chemicals used in many cosmetic products (and lubes! (goodcleanlove.com)
- 2008). A study found that premature infants excreted from 13 to 88% of a methyl paraben dose (used as a preservative in an intravenous medication), and most of the urinary methyl paraben was conjugated to sulfate and, to a lesser extent, glucuronide (Hindmarsh et al. (cdc.gov)
- Still, the Environmental Working Group (EWG) rates propylparaben as a "high risk hazard," based on limited data. (yahoo.com)
- A more recent study found higher levels of one paraben, n-propylparaben, in the axilla quadrant of the breast (the area nearest the underarm). (safecosmetics.org)
- The so-called "long chain" parabens (butylparaben and its alternative form, isobutylparaben and isopropylparaben and propylparaben) have the strongest estrogenic activity among those widely used in personal care products. (safecosmetics.org)
- Unexpectedly, paraben concentrations of ethyl and butyl paraben in particular increased, although concentrations were low overall and not detected in almost half the samples, the study found. (cosmeticsandtoiletries.com)
- They start with Propyl, Butyl, Methyl, Ethyl and Iso and always end in paraben. (wisegeek.com)
- Parabens are short alkyl chain esters of para -hydroxybenzoic acid (PHBA), of which four were measured in the National Biomonitoring Program: methyl, ethyl, n -propyl, and butyl ( n - and iso -butyl) parabens. (cdc.gov)
- When a butyl paraben-containing cream was applied to human skin, less than 1% of the dose was recovered in the urine (Janjua et al. (cdc.gov)
- Look out for alkyl parahydroxy, benzoates such as butyl, methyl, propl or isobutyl paraben. (inspiredliving.com)
- The general chemical structure of a paraben is shown at the top right of this page, where R symbolizes an alkyl group such as methyl, ethyl, propyl or butyl. (wikipedia.org)
- Parabens are typically prefaced by chemical-sounding names like methyl-, propyl-, butyl-, and ethyl-, which are indicative of their alkyl groups. (naturalnews.com)
- Other studies have shown that parabens are weak endocrine disrupters, but there are still knowledge gaps, but a 2005 study estimated that the exposure level you get from personal care items is too low to pose any real risk. (yahoo.com)
- Numerous studies have shown that parabens are endocrine disruptors, meaning they interfere with the normal action of hormones in the body. (kitchenstewardship.com)
- Animal experiments have shown that parabens have weak estrogenic activity, acting as xenoestrogens. (wikipedia.org)
- They said that some studies have shown that parabens have similar properties to oestrogen, which is known to play a role in the development and progression of breast cancer, and there has been speculation that there could be a link between parabens and cancer. (www.nhs.uk)
- Human breast tumours occur when creams, hair care and shaving products with the presence of parabens are used in excess. (womenhealthzone.com)
- The study's scientists didn't test healthy tissue for the presence of parabens as a comparison, but the study results were still sufficient to prompt other scientists to look more closely. (yahoo.com)
- Numerous research studies have indicated the presence of parabens in human breast tumors and also noted the context of estrogen-like properties in parabens. (organicfacts.net)
- According to Randy Schueller, a cosmetic chemist and the founder of The Beauty Brains , this notion stems from a 2004 study that showed parabens were present in human breast tumors. (yahoo.com)
- The fact that parabens have been found in breast cancer tumors is a dirty secret in the beauty industry. (kitchenstewardship.com)
- A 2004 UK study detected traces of five parabens in the breast tumors of 19 out of 20 women studied. (safecosmetics.org)
- This is the region in which the highest proportion of breast tumors is found, although paraben concentration in the tissue samples was not related to location of breast tumors in individual women. (safecosmetics.org)
- A much-debated 2004 study found parabens in a small sample of 20 cancerous breast tumors. (goodhousekeeping.com)
- One small study did stumble on traces of parabens in a tiny sample of breast cancer tumors. (cbsnews.com)
- Parabens, used as preservatives in some antiperspirants, have weak estrogen-like properties, but the study in question made no cause-and-effect connection between parabens and breast cancer, nor did it conclusively identify the source of the parabens found in tumors. (cbsnews.com)
- 100% natural preservatives - natural system that reduces the risk of irritation. (wegmans.com)
- Parabens can, however, cause skin irritation and contact dermatitis and rosacea in individuals with paraben allergies, a small percentage of the general population. (wikipedia.org)
- Fragrance-free to minimize the risk of irritation. (mustelausa.com)
- Fewer actives diminish the risk of irritation, and increase the lightweight texture of this premium formula. (mcssl.com)
- Research published in March detected the presence of paraben esters in 99 percent of breast cancer tissues sampled. (mercola.com)
- In 60 percent of cases, five of the different paraben esters were present. (mercola.com)
- Parabens are esters of para-hydroxybenzoic acid, from which the name is derived. (wikipedia.org)
- Parabens are potential endocrine disruptors due to their ability to mimic estrogen. (safecosmetics.org)
- An altered maternal immune status during pregnancy may alter the children's metabolism and endocrine disruptors like bisphenol A or parabens can alter adipocyte development through epigenetic mechanism or impact the signalling of hunger and satiety, thereby setting children on higher risk for overweight development. (uni-halle.de)
- It is a fact that young girls and women have higher amounts of parabens in their urine than men, because paraben content is tied directly to the number of cosmetic products one uses daily. (goodcleanlove.com)
- Dermal application of lotions and cleansers may result in small amounts of parabens being absorbed through the skin and reaching the blood stream (Janjua et al. (cdc.gov)
- The FDA acknowledges the known weak endocrine disrupting properties of parabens, but state s , "They have been shown to have much less estrogenic activity than the body's naturally occurring estrogen. (yahoo.com)
- Cosmetic companies and even the World Health Organization often state that the estrogenic properties of parabens are a low health risk because they are much less potent than the natural hormone estradiol, but the paraben residues being found in human breast tissue tells a different story. (mercola.com)
- In vitro studies suggest that parabens may be metabolized to PHBA in the intestine and subsequently re-esterified to another paraben or to the parent paraben (Lakeram et al. (cdc.gov)
- It does not prove that parabens caused these cancers, and it does not suggest that parabens have any association with breast cancer development. (www.nhs.uk)
- Note that this review suggests that metal ions, including those derived from the aluminum salts in antiperspirants, may have similar effects, but advise patients that more research is needed to pin down any risks. (medpagetoday.com)
- READING, England, March 1 - Underarm antiperspirants may contribute to the risk of breast cancer because they contain aluminum salts with metal ions that mimic the effect of estrogen. (medpagetoday.com)
- Then there's the issue of aluminum in antiperspirants/deodorants with the Internet buzzing with information concerning it causing cancer and other health risks. (cleure.com)
- In 2002, one study tested increased risk of breast cancer in women who reported using antiperspirants/deodorants. (cleure.com)
- Having interviewed 813 women with breast cancer and 793 women with no history of breast cancer, they concluded no increased breast cancer risk for women who shaved their underarm and used antiperspirants or deodorants. (cleure.com)
- There is no evidence that the use of antiperspirants increases your risk for breast cancer. (cancer.ca)
- A few studies in recent years have theorized that aluminum-based antiperspirants may increase the risk for breast cancer . (webmd.com)
- Gansler says many of the studies that have been conducted were flawed, and even though a few detected chemicals from antiperspirants in breast tissue, they didn't prove that those chemicals had any effect on breast cancer risk. (webmd.com)
- Worrying about antiperspirants shouldn't distract women from addressing the real breast cancer risks , Gansler says, especially the ones they can control, like eating healthy, getting regular exercise , and limiting alcohol. (webmd.com)
- Specifically, parabens mimic the hormone estrogen, potentially disrupting hormone function, which can lead to reproductive issues as well as cancers and even immune and neurological disorders. (kitchenstewardship.com)
- They have been linked to an increased risk of breast cancer, reproductive issues, and fertility problems. (sweetgrassonline.com)
- Increased risk for reproductive health related dysfunctions due to EDTA. (thebeautyinsiders.com)
- Breast tissue and breast cancers can contain paraben, though this is not proof that they are linked with cancer. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- They are similar to oestrogen, the human hormone that can increase the risk of breast cancer and some other cancers at high levels. (cancerresearchuk.org)
- These preservatives can potentially cause endocrine disruption, which can increase the risk of certain cancers. (juicebeauty.com)
- Increased risk for cancers due to PEGs. (thebeautyinsiders.com)
- We initially wanted to find out whether the parabens detected in urine from expectant mothers from the mother-child cohort had an impact on the development of their children's weight", explains former UFZ researcher Prof. Irina Lehmann, currently at the Berlin Institute of Health (BIH) and at Charité - Berlin University Hospital. (ufz.de)
- One of the reasons that they became linked with increased breast cancer risk is that they are said to mimic the actions of the hormone oestrogen, which is a hormone that promotes cell growth. (hubpages.com)
- The conclusions of the research were that although parabens are a lot less potent than oestrogens produced in the body, they are still 'oestrogenic' and their safety should be reassessed because of this ability that they have to mimic the actions of oestrogen. (hubpages.com)
- Oestrogen-only HRT is well known to increase risk for uterine as well as breast cancer. (patrickholford.com)
- The risk is higher if oestrogen plus progestins are given. (patrickholford.com)
- Parabens are oestrogen mimics, increasing risk of breast cancer. (inspiredliving.com)
- In fact, parabens can be absorbed through the skin intact and are known to have estrogenic activity. (viniferaminestore.com)
- Studies demonstrate that at sufficient concentrations, parabens can increase cell proliferation in human breast cancer MCF-7 cells, which are often used as a sensitive measure of estrogenic activity. (safecosmetics.org)
- However, the estrogenic activity associated with parabens is much less than the body's natural estrogen activity and there is a lack of data to support carcinogenic properties or other harmful effects of that sex hormone. (organicfacts.net)
- The estrogenic activity of parabens increases with the length of the alkyl group. (wikipedia.org)
- This small study does not prove a causal relationship between parabens and breast cancer, but it is important because it detected the presence of intact parabens-unaltered by the body's metabolism-which is an indication of the chemical's ability to penetrate skin and remain in breast tissue. (safecosmetics.org)
- There is no mention that repeated mammograms might actually damage DNA in breast tissue, and increase a women's risk of developing breast cancer at a later time in her life. (townsendletter.com)
- Parabens may be present in the breast tissue of all women and just as prevalent in women with healthy breast tissue as those with cancer. (www.nhs.uk)
- This laboratory study examined breast tissue samples, taken from women who had undergone a mastectomy for breast cancer , to see if they contained parabens (modified versions of the chemical p-hydroxybenzoic acid). (www.nhs.uk)
- Parabens have endocrine disrupting effects that include alteration of natural hormone action as well as changes in hormone synthesis. (viniferaminestore.com)
- Phenol and UV filters decreased levels of estradiol, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH), whereas parabens increased levels of estradiol. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Some studies have indicated that parabens have a prooxidant activity in skin, which could lead to decreased levels of the important antioxidant, glutathione and oxidative stress. (viniferaminestore.com)
- As mentioned, parabens can be absorbed by human skin and the measurement of intact parabens in human tissues demonstrates the ability of these compounds to escape metabolism by skin esterases. (viniferaminestore.com)
- So what is a paraben and why would you want to avoid putting anything with parabens in it on your skin? (hubpages.com)
- Parabens and their salts are also valued by cosmetic and skin care product manufacturers as preservatives because they have effective fungicidal and bacterial properties, and are also fairly inexpensive. (hubpages.com)
- Researchers have also reported that chemicals like parabens could be absorbed through the skin of pregnant women and then adversely affect the development of male foetuses in the womb. (hubpages.com)
- 2008). Enzymes in the skin rapidly metabolize parabens to PHBA, the primary metabolite, reducing the dose that reaches the blood stream. (cdc.gov)
- 2006). Parabens do not accumulate in the skin or other body organs. (cdc.gov)
- Parabens are not water soluble and can penetrate the skin. (safecosmetics.org)
- Parabens combined with other estrogenic chemicals may potentially influence the development of malignant melanoma, one form of skin cancer, through their estrogenic and genotoxic activites. (safecosmetics.org)
- If pregnant women absorb parabens through the skin, this can lead to overweight in their children', says UFZ environmental immunologist Dr Tobias Polte. (news-medical.net)
- Concentration under the threshold for declared risk of skin sensitization. (viovet.co.uk)
- Methods: We prospectively evaluated associations of several carotenoids and α-tocopherol with risk of nonmelanoma skin cancer using serum collected at baseline from 302 subjects in the Isotretinoin-Basal Cell Carcinoma Prevention Trial. (aacrjournals.org)
- Melanin is the primary UV-absorbing pigment in the skin, and individuals with higher concentrations of melanin are at a reduced risk of NMSC ( 4 ). (aacrjournals.org)
- In individuals with normal skin, parabens are, for the most part, non-irritating and non-sensitizing. (wikipedia.org)
- If used as directed with other sun protection measures, decreases the risk of skin cancer and early skin aging caused by the sun. (cvs.com)
- The more free radicals there are in your body, the greater your risk of developing skin cancer . (naturalnews.com)
- Even though parabens have been linked to breast cancer, skin cancer, and fertility issues, the FDA has not ruled them as a harmful ingredient. (sweetgrassonline.com)
- For years we've been warned about the risk of aluminum in deodorants. (cleure.com)
- Read on about potential aluminum in deodorant health risks and side effects of deodorant and antiperspirant. (cleure.com)
- For years the discussions about risk of aluminum centered around Alzheimer's, which is a degenerative form of dementia mostly affecting persons over 65 years of age. (cleure.com)
- But there is no link between aluminum and breast cancer risk. (cancer.ca)
- Sometimes parabens act as estrogen in your body, which disrupts hormonal balances and has been linked to breast cancer and prostate cancer. (saferchemicals.org)
- Increased risk for hormonal imbalances and endocrine disruptions due to parabens. (thebeautyinsiders.com)
- Increased risk for hormonal fluctuations and associated diseases due to parabens. (thebeautyinsiders.com)
- According to the most recent studies , cosmetic parabens have a clean bill of health. (yahoo.com)
- Health concerns about parabens are primarily focused on their potential to act like estrogen compounds in the body. (wisegeek.com)
- Substances which behave like estrogens are known as estrogenic compounds, and they do pose some health risks, especially when consumed in high volumes. (wisegeek.com)
- The cumulative impact of parabens on a womens estrogen levels and long-term health are serious. (wisegeek.com)
- Human health effects from parabens at low environmental doses or at biomonitored levels from low environmental exposures are unknown. (cdc.gov)
- There's no question that both natural and synthetic compounds can mimic hormones," said George Gray, director of the Center for Risk Science and Public Health at The George Washington University. (commondreams.org)
- The current use of parabens is safe according to the FDA, but the evaluation and identification of health hazards related to parabens is ongoing. (organicfacts.net)
- Care must be taken when choosing hair dyes and tattoo artists to avoid these health risks. (organicfacts.net)
- Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- You should, however, be concerned when you are exposed to so many toxins that the body struggles to cleanse itself of them, because this is when you will start to suffer from reduced levels of health and an increased risk of illness and disease. (eruptingmind.com)
- Parabens are soap preservatives typically added to synthetic soaps and have some possible health risks. (wisegeek.com)
- Some have extremely low health risks, while others are known carcinogens or linked to other serious health problems. (diynatural.com)
- Parabens contain estrogen-mimicking properties, which can lead to many health issues. (sweetgrassonline.com)
- There's really only one thing you need to know about the Environmental Working Group when it comes to their studies of toxins: 79 percent of members of the Society of Toxicology (scientists who know a little something about toxins) say that the Environmental Working Group overstates the health risk of chemicals. (personalcaretruth.com)
- Like many other people, you may have wondered: Is the product I've been applying to my body every day for years really putting my health at risk? (webmd.com)