Undertaking a task involving a challenge for achievement or a desirable goal in which there is a lack of certainty or a fear of failure. It may also include the exhibiting of certain behaviors whose outcomes may present a risk to the individual or to those associated with him or her.
An act performed without delay, reflection, voluntary direction or obvious control in response to a stimulus.
Any observable response or action of an adolescent.
An order of insects, comprising a single family (Mantidae), restricted almost entirely to the tropics. Only one species, the praying mantis (Mantis religiosa), is found in temperate habitats.
Sexual behaviors which are high-risk for contracting SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or for producing PREGNANCY.
The process of making a selective intellectual judgment when presented with several complex alternatives consisting of several variables, and usually defining a course of action or an idea.
An activity distinguished primarily by an element of risk in trying to obtain a desired goal, e.g., playing a game of chance for money.
Sexual activities of humans.
The science of utilization, distribution, and consumption of services and materials.
The continuous sequential physiological and psychological changes during ADOLESCENCE, approximately between the age of 13 and 18.
Efforts and designs to reduce the incidence of unexpected undesirable events in various environments and situations.
Damage inflicted on the body as the direct or indirect result of an external force, with or without disruption of structural continuity.
Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.
A sheath that is worn over the penis during sexual behavior in order to prevent pregnancy or spread of sexually transmitted disease.
Games designed to provide information on hypotheses, policies, procedures, or strategies.
Sexual behavior that prevents or reduces the spread of SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES or PREGNANCY.
An object or a situation that can serve to reinforce a response, to satisfy a motive, or to afford pleasure.
A set of cognitive functions that controls complex, goal-directed thought and behavior. Executive function involves multiple domains, such as CONCEPT FORMATION, goal management, cognitive flexibility, INHIBITION control, and WORKING MEMORY. Impaired executive function is seen in a range of disorders, e.g., SCHIZOPHRENIA; and ADHD.
The act of making a selection among two or more alternatives, usually after a period of deliberation.
Sexual attraction or relationship between males.
Predetermined sets of questions used to collect data - clinical data, social status, occupational group, etc. The term is often applied to a self-completed survey instrument.
Group composed of associates of same species, approximately the same age, and usually of similar rank or social status.
Any observable response or action of a child from 24 months through 12 years of age. For neonates or children younger than 24 months, INFANT BEHAVIOR is available.
The antisocial acts of children or persons under age which are illegal or lawfully interpreted as constituting delinquency.
The tendency to explore or investigate a novel environment. It is considered a motivation not clearly distinguishable from curiosity.
Theoretical representations that simulate psychological processes and/or social processes. These include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
The process of discovering or asserting an objective or intrinsic relation between two objects or concepts; a faculty or power that enables a person to make judgments; the process of bringing to light and asserting the implicit meaning of a concept; a critical evaluation of a person or situation.
A chemokine that is a chemoattractant for MONOCYTES and may also cause cellular activation of specific functions related to host defense. It is produced by LEUKOCYTES of both monocyte and lymphocyte lineage and by FIBROBLASTS during tissue injury. It has specificity for CCR2 RECEPTORS.
A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contributions of categorical independent variables to variation in the mean of a continuous dependent variable.
Large subcortical nuclear masses derived from the telencephalon and located in the basal regions of the cerebral hemispheres.
A nicotinic antagonist that is well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and crosses the blood-brain barrier. Mecamylamine has been used as a ganglionic blocker in treating hypertension, but, like most ganglionic blockers, is more often used now as a research tool.
Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).
Behaviors associated with the ingesting of alcoholic beverages, including social drinking.
Performing the role of a parent by care-giving, nurturance, and protection of the child by a natural or substitute parent. The parent supports the child by exercising authority and through consistent, empathic, appropriate behavior in response to the child's needs. PARENTING differs from CHILD REARING in that in child rearing the emphasis is on the act of training or bringing up the children and the interaction between the parent and child, while parenting emphasizes the responsibility and qualities of exemplary behavior of the parent.
Maleness or femaleness as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from SEX CHARACTERISTICS, anatomical or physiological manifestations of sex, and from SEX DISTRIBUTION, the number of males and females in given circumstances.
Age as a constituent element or influence contributing to the production of a result. It may be applicable to the cause or the effect of a circumstance. It is used with human or animal concepts but should be differentiated from AGING, a physiological process, and TIME FACTORS which refers only to the passage of time.
Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.
The aggregate of social and cultural institutions, forms, patterns, and processes that influence the life of an individual or community.
Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
The inhabitants of a city or town, including metropolitan areas and suburban areas.
An aspect of personal behavior or lifestyle, environmental exposure, or inborn or inherited characteristic, which, on the basis of epidemiologic evidence, is known to be associated with a health-related condition considered important to prevent.
Those factors which cause an organism to behave or act in either a goal-seeking or satisfying manner. They may be influenced by physiological drives or by external stimuli.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
Tests designed to assess neurological function associated with certain behaviors. They are used in diagnosing brain dysfunction or damage and central nervous system disorders or injury.
Imaging techniques used to colocalize sites of brain functions or physiological activity with brain structures.
Intellectual or mental process whereby an organism obtains knowledge.
Studies in which variables relating to an individual or group of individuals are assessed over a period of time.
Non-invasive method of demonstrating internal anatomy based on the principle that atomic nuclei in a strong magnetic field absorb pulses of radiofrequency energy and emit them as radiowaves which can be reconstructed into computerized images. The concept includes proton spin tomographic techniques.
Stress wherein emotional factors predominate.
Systematic gathering of data for a particular purpose from various sources, including questionnaires, interviews, observation, existing records, and electronic devices. The process is usually preliminary to statistical analysis of the data.
Studies in which the presence or absence of disease or other health-related variables are determined in each member of the study population or in a representative sample at one particular time. This contrasts with LONGITUDINAL STUDIES which are followed over a period of time.
The coordination of a sensory or ideational (cognitive) process and a motor activity.
Statistical models which describe the relationship between a qualitative dependent variable (that is, one which can take only certain discrete values, such as the presence or absence of a disease) and an independent variable. A common application is in epidemiology for estimating an individual's risk (probability of a disease) as a function of a given risk factor.
The part of CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM that is contained within the skull (CRANIUM). Arising from the NEURAL TUBE, the embryonic brain is comprised of three major parts including PROSENCEPHALON (the forebrain); MESENCEPHALON (the midbrain); and RHOMBENCEPHALON (the hindbrain). The developed brain consists of CEREBRUM; CEREBELLUM; and other structures in the BRAIN STEM.
Acquiring information from a patient on past medical conditions and treatments.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.

Condom use and HIV risk behaviors among U.S. adults: data from a national survey. (1/4326)

CONTEXT: How much condom use among U.S. adults varies by type of partner or by risk behavior is unclear. Knowledge of such differentials would aid in evaluating the progress being made toward goals for levels of condom use as part of the Healthy People 2000 initiative. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 1996 National Household Survey of Drug Abuse, an annual household-based probability sample of the noninstitutionalized population aged 12 and older that measures the use of illicit drugs, alcohol and tobacco. The personal behaviors module included 25 questions covering sexual activity in the past year, frequency of condom use in the past year, circumstances of the last sexual encounter and HIV testing. RESULTS: Sixty-two percent of adults reported using a condom at last intercourse outside of an ongoing relationship, while only 19% reported using condoms when the most recent intercourse occurred within a steady relationship. Within ongoing relationships, condom use was highest among respondents who were younger, black, of lower income and from large metropolitan areas. Forty percent of unmarried adults used a condom at last sex, compared with the health objective of 50% for the year 2000. Forty percent of injecting drug users used condoms at last intercourse, compared with the 60% condom use objective for high-risk individuals. Significantly, persons at increased risk for HIV because of their sexual behavior or drug use were not more likely to use condoms than were persons not at increased risk; only 22% used condoms during last intercourse within an ongoing relationship. CONCLUSIONS: Substantial progress has been made toward national goals for increasing condom use. The rates of condom use by individuals at high risk of HIV need to be increased, however, particularly condom use with a steady partner.  (+info)

Risky single-occasion drinking amongst young people--definition, correlates, policy, and intervention: a broad overview of research findings. (2/4326)

Risky single-occasion drinking (RSOD) has dire consequences upon health and well-being including unplanned pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases such as HIV/AIDS, crime, and car accidents. The prevalence of RSOD among young people is alarming. Despite this, as yet, a review of existing literature on RSOD amongst young people is lacking. This article will provide an overview of this area of research focusing on the definition of RSOD, its prevalence among young people, health and behavioural effects of RSOD, the perceived risk of RSOD among young people, and interventions to reduce RSOD in young people. In addition, recommendations are made for health educators interested in reducing the incidence of RSOD in young people.  (+info)

Do tailored behavior change messages enhance the effectiveness of health risk appraisal? Results from a randomized trial. (3/4326)

Health risk appraisal (HRA) remains one of the most widely used health promotion tools despite only equivocal evidence for its effectiveness. Theories of behavior change predict conventional HRA's ineffectiveness because risk information alone is seldom sufficient to change complex behaviors. In this study, a randomized trial compared the effects of feedback from an enhanced HRA with a typical HRA and a control group among adult patients from eight family medicine practices. The enhanced HRA assessed behavior-specific psychosocial factors and provided patients with computer-generated, individually-tailored behavior change information in addition to typical HRA risk feedback. Changes in seven behaviors were assessed at a 6 month follow-up. Overall, patients receiving enhanced HRA feedback were 18% more likely to change at least one risk behavior than were patients receiving typical HRA feedback or no feedback (OR = 1.18, 95% CI = 1.00, 1.39). The enhanced HRA feedback appeared to promote changes in cholesterol screening, dietary fat consumption and physical activity, but not in smoking, seat belt use, mammography and Pap smears. We conclude that the addition of theory-based, individually-tailored behavior change information may improve the effectiveness of HRA.  (+info)

Loud, sad or bad: young people's perceptions of peer groups and smoking. (4/4326)

This paper suggests that most 13 year olds and many 11 year olds have a clear and detailed grasp of their own social map, recognize the pecking order which is established amongst their peers and are aware of the different levels of risk-taking behaviour, including smoking, adopted by different peer groups in their school year. Thirty six 11 year olds and 40 13 year olds took part in the study. Their remarkably consistent views about which pupils adopt or reject smoking are closely related to their perceptions of their social map. Their accounts differentiate top girls, top boys, middle pupils, low-status pupils, trouble-makers and loners, associating smoking behaviour consistently with three of the five groups--the top girls, the low-status pupils and the trouble makers. Top boys, although sharing many of the characteristics of top girls, have an added protection factor--their keen interest in football and physical fitness. From their descriptions, it is apparent that different groups of pupils smoke for different reasons which are related to pecking order and group membership. The implications of these young people's views for health education programmes to prevent smoking and other risk-taking behaviours are far reaching.  (+info)

Psychosocial correlates of health compromising behaviors among adolescents. (5/4326)

The objective of the present study was to examine psychosocial correlates of diverse health-compromising behaviors among adolescents of different ages. The study population included 123,132 adolescents in sixth, ninth and 12th grades. Psychosocial correlates of substance abuse, delinquency, suicide risk, sexual activity and unhealthy weight loss behaviors were examined. Risk-taking disposition was significantly associated with nearly every behavior across age and gender groups. Other consistent correlates included sexual abuse and family connectedness. Correlates of health-compromising behaviors tended to be consistent across age groups. However, stronger associations were noted between sexual abuse and substance use for younger adolescents, and risk-taking disposition and school achievement were stronger correlates for older youth. The results suggest the presence of both common and unique etiological factors for different health-compromising behaviors among youth. The results emphasize the importance of focusing on positive 'risk-taking' experiences for youth in prevention programs; being sensitive to possible sexual abuse experiences among both female and male adolescents in health-care consultations; integrating strategies for improved family connectedness into health promotion efforts; and making school relevant for all adolescents.  (+info)

Protecting paradise: tourism and AIDS in the Dominican Republic. (6/4326)

This study summarizes results from six data collection instruments administered to tourists, hotel workers, and commercial sex workers (CSWs) in the Dominican Republic (D.R.). The objective of this study was to assess: 1. how HIV/AIDS may affect tourism; 2. how tourists are likely to react to prevention campaigns; and 3. how tourism may affect the spread of HIV/AIDS. It was found that an overwhelming proportion of tourists did not consider the prevalence of HIV to be a factor when making their travel plans, and that most did not consider themselves at greater risk of becoming infected while on holiday than when they were at home. This study determined that the spread of HIV/AIDS was unlikely to affect the demand for tourism services in the D.R. The study also found that most tourists would respond positively to an HIV/AIDS prevention campaign and would not be discouraged from visiting the D.R. because of such campaigns. Those most receptive to prevention efforts were also those who felt they were at highest risk, according to study data. Finally, it was determined that while most tourists probably do not engage in high risk activities, there were some male and female tourists who do engage in sexual encounters with multiple Dominican CSWs and hotel employees. These encounters represent a risk to the health and economic development of the D.R., as well as to tourists and their other sexual partners. Based on these findings, it is recommended that in order to minimize the potential social and economic impact of HIV/AIDS in the D.R., prevention messages need to reach a number of groups which have not yet been adequately targeted. These groups include tourists, with a special emphasis on 'sex tourists', and hotel employees, with a special emphasis on entertainment staff.  (+info)

The role of medical problems and behavioral risks in explaining patterns of prenatal care use among high-risk women. (7/4326)

OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations between maternal medical conditions and behavioral risks and the patterns of prenatal care use among high-risk women. DATA SOURCE/STUDY DESIGN: Data on over 25,000 high-risk deliveries to African American and white women using multinomial logistic regression to predict the odds of adequate-plus care relative to three other categories of care. DATA COLLECTION/EXTRACTION METHODS: Data were extracted from records maintained by the University of Florida/Shands Hospital maternity clinic on all deliveries between 1987 and 1994; records for white and for African American women were subset to examine racial differences in medical conditions, health behaviors, and patterns of prenatal care use. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Net of sociodemographic and fertility-related characteristics, African American and white women with late antepartum conditions and hypertension problems had significantly higher odds of receiving adequate-plus care, as well as no care or inadequate care, relative to adequate care. White women with gynecological disease and medical/surgical problems were significantly less likely to receive no care or inadequate care, as were African American women with gynecological disease. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal medical conditions explain much but not all of the adequate-plus prenatal care use. More than 13 percent of African American women and 20 percent of white women with no reported medical problems or behavioral risks used adequate-plus care. Additional research is needed to understand this excess use and its possibilities in mediating birth outcomes.  (+info)

Prevalence of hepatitis C in prisons: WASH-C surveillance linked to self-reported risk behaviours. (8/4326)

We used cross-sectional willing anonymous salivary hepatitis C (WASH-C) surveillance linked to self-completed risk-factor questionnaires to estimate the prevalence of salivary hepatitis C antibodies (HepCAbS) in five Scottish prisons from 1994 to 1996. Of 2121 available inmates, 1864 (88%) participated and 1532/1864 (82%) stored samples were suitable for testing. Overall 311/1532 (20.3%, prevalence 95% CI 18.3-22.3%) were HepCAbS-positive: 265/536 (49%, 95% CI 45-54%) injector-inmates but only 27/899 (3%, 95% CI 2-4%) non-injector-inmates. Among injectors, HepCAbS positivity was only slightly higher (p = 0.03) in those who had injected inside prison (53%, 162/305) than in those who had not (44%, 98/224). Those who began injecting in 1992-96 were much less likely to be HepCAbS-positive than those who started pre-1992 (31%, 35/114 vs. 55%, 230/422; p < 0.001). Even with injectors who began in 1992-96 but had never injected inside prison, the prevalence of hepatitis C carriage was 17/63 (95% CI 16-38%). The prevalence and potential transmissibility of hepatitis C in injector-inmates are both high. Promoting 'off injecting' before 'off drugs' (both inside and outside prison), methadone prescription during short incarcerations, alternatives to prison, and support of HepCAbS-positive inmates in becoming eligible for treatment, all warrant urgent consideration.  (+info)

The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors six types of health-risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death and disability among youth and adults, including behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries and violence; sexual behaviors that contribute to unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease, including HIV infection; alcohol and other drug use; tobacco; unhealthy dietary behaviors; inadequate physical activity. YRBSS also measures the prevalence of obesity and asthma among youth and young adults.
The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System is the largest U.S. public health surveillance system and collects data on health behaviors among high school students in grades 9-12.
Risk Perception Leading to Risk Taking Behaviour Amongst Farmers in England and Wales, Health and Safety Executive (HSE), ADAS Consulting Ltd books
The majority of young people in Middlesbrough dont get involved in risk taking behaviour, but if they do, there are a number of professionals and agencies who work to support them.
Abstract: The primary purpose of this study was to examine the influences of colorism on perceived harm of sexual risk taking behaviors among 243 African American adolescent females. Additionally, this study sought to examine the potential moderating role of cultural pride reinforcement messages and cultural endorsement of the mainstream messages. Hierarchal linear regressions were conducted to examine the studys hypotheses. The findings revealed that higher levels of acceptance of Eurocentric standards of beauty were associated with lower levels of perceived harm of sexual risk taking variables. However, further analyses revealed that this relationship did not remain significant. Additionally, neither cultural pride reinforcement messages or cultural endorsement of the mainstream messages served as significant moderators in the relationship between colorism and perceived harm of sexual risk taking.. Colorism and perceived sexual risk taking among African American adolescent girls: where does ...
In everyday life, we continuously make decisions, assuming the risk by making choices on material possessions or our body. Bodily signals may support the decision-making process, informing us about possible outcomes. Sensibility for such internal bodily changes influences the way we perceive the environment, and it can boost the body-related stimuli processing. Thus, the question arises of whether the individual sensibility to interoceptive signals modulates decision-making in the presence of biological stimuli. To test this hypothesis, we administered 50 healthy subjects with the Balloon Analogue Risk Task, in which participants were required to inflate a virtual balloon, and a modified version of it, in which they inflated a virtual body. We found that interoceptive sensibility predicted risk-taking behaviour only in the presence of body-related stimuli. Our results provided new evidence on the role of interoceptive sensibility in complex cognitive functions, such as risk-taking behaviour, which
This study aimed to determine demographic, behavioural and self-report disease/treatment variables among HIV-infected individuals (n = 666) that predict unprotected intercourse with a partner of unkno
Researchers are increasingly exploring the role of emotions in interactive decision‐making. Recent theories have focused on the interpersonal effects of emotions-the influence of the decisionmakers expressed emotions on observers decisions and judgments. In this paper, we examine whether people assess others risk preferences on the basis of their emotional states, whether this affects their own behavior, and how this assessment matches others actual behavior. To test these ideas, we used an experimental Stag Hunt game (n = 98), and included non‐trivial financial consequences. Participants were told (truthfully) that their counterparts previous task had left them happy, fearful, or emotionally neutral. People who were told their counterparts were fearful reported that they expected less risky decisions from these counterparts than people told their counterparts were neutral or happy. As a result, given that the Stag Hunt is a coordination game, these participants were themselves less
TY - JOUR. T1 - Reduced risk-taking behavior during frontal oscillatory theta band neurostimulation. AU - Dantas, Aline M.. AU - Sack, Alexander T.. AU - Brüggen, Elisabeth. AU - Jiao, Peiran. AU - Schuhmann, Teresa. N1 - data source: experiment in partnership with FPN. PY - 2021/5/15. Y1 - 2021/5/15. N2 - BackgroundMost of our decisions involve a certain degree of risk regarding the outcomes of our choices. People vary in the way they make decisions, resulting in different levels of risk-taking behavior. These differences have been linked to prefrontal theta band activity. However, a direct functional relationship between prefrontal theta band activity and risk-taking has not yet been demonstrated.ObjectiveWe used noninvasive brain stimulation to test the functional relevance of prefrontal oscillatory theta activity for the regulatory control of risk-taking behavior.MethodsIn a within-subject experiment, 31 healthy participants received theta (6.5 Hertz [Hz]), gamma (40 Hz), and sham ...
Four focus groups , each of 10-15 males, ages 20-50 years old, MSM will be conducted by a medical sociologist. Two groups will be HIV negative participants and two groups of HIV positive MSM. Every group will meet for two hours. The focus group will be recorded and the collected data will be processed further for evaluation and extraction of the relevant information.. The volunteers will sign an inform consent prior to entrance to the study. ...
Four focus groups , each of 10-15 males, ages 20-50 years old, MSM will be conducted by a medical sociologist. Two groups will be HIV negative participants and two groups of HIV positive MSM. Every group will meet for two hours. The focus group will be recorded and the collected data will be processed further for evaluation and extraction of the relevant information.. The volunteers will sign an inform consent prior to entrance to the study. ...
Sex differences in risk seeking behaviour, emergency hospital admissions, and mortality are well documented. Males are more likely to be admitted to an
A growing literature on poverty traps emphasizes the links between multiple equilibria and risk avoidance. However, multiple equilibria may also foster risk‐tak
The Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) was developed by the Centers for Disease Control to monitor priority health-risk behaviors among students nationwide. Chicago Public Schools has administered the Youth Risk Behavior Survey since the surveys inception in 1991. The YRBS is administered every other year to a random sample of middle school and high school classrooms. Student participation is voluntary and anonymous. Topics covered include unintentional injuries and violence, tobacco use, alcohol and other drug use, sexual behaviors, dietary behaviors, physical activity and obesity and asthma. The data are used to:. ...
A prospective study of alcohol involvement and the dual‐systems model of adolescent risk‐taking during late adolescence and emerging ...
In contrast to humans and most other animals, rhesus macaques strongly prefer risky rewards to safe ones with similar expected value. Why macaques prefer risk while other animals typically avoid it remains puzzling and challenges the idea that monkeys provide a model for human economic behavior. Here we argue that monkeys risk-seeking preferences are neither mysterious nor unique. Risk-seeking in macaques is possibly induced by specific elements of the tasks that have been used to measure their risk preferences. The most important of these elements are (1) very small stakes, (2) serially repeated gambles with short delays between trials, and (3) task parameters that are learned through experience, not described verbally. Together, we hypothesize that these features will readily induce risk-seeking in monkeys, humans, and rats. Thus, elements of task design that are often ignored when comparing studies of risk attitudes can easily overwhelm basal risk preferences. More broadly, these results highlight
N.C. Division of Public Health / Surveillance and Evaluation Team / 919-707-5425 / www.ncpublichealth.com State of North Carolina / Department of Health and Human Services / www.dhhs.state.nc.us N.C. DHHS is an equal opportunity employer and provider. The N.C. Youth Risk Behavior Survey (N.C. YRBS) provides a critical source of public health data for understanding the scope of injury-related problems and measuring progress toward overall goals among public school students. N.C. YRBS is a comprehensive statewide sample of 2,000 middle and 2,300 high school students from across the state. Every other spring in odd years, a core set of injury-related questions are asked along with other health and risk-factor questions. Risk-factor variables include information such as alcohol use, seat belt use and physical assault. The sampling scheme is intended to generate a statewide representative sample of weighted data. Increasing school district participation and data utilization are two keys for future ...
REFERENCES. 1. Schmidt MI, Duncan BB, Silva GA, Menezes AM,Monteiro CA, Barreto SM, et al. Chronic noncommunicable diseases in Brazil: Burden and current challenges. Lancet. 2011; 377(9781):1949-61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(11)60 135-9. [ Links ] 2. MacArthur GJ, Smith MC, Melotti R, Heron J,Macleod J, Hickman M, et al. Patterns of alcohol use and multiple risk behaviour by gender during early and late adolescence: The ALSPAC cohort. J Public Health. 2012; 34(Suppl. 1):i20-30. http://dx. doi.org/10.1093/pubmed/fds006. [ Links ] 3. Hurrelmann K, Richter M. Risk behaviour inadolescence: The relationship between developmental and health problems. J Public Health. 2006; 14(1):20-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10389-005-0 005-5. [ Links ] 4. Spring B, Moller AC, Coons MJ. Multiple healthbehaviours: Overview and implications. J Public Health. 2012; 34(Suppl. 1):i3-10. http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1093/pubmed/fdr111. [ Links ] 5. Guedes DP, Guedes JE, Barbosa DS, Oliveira JA,Stanganelli LCR. ...
Abstract:We elicit and estimate risk preferences for a pool of young adults in the UK, and explore their links with healthy eating and risky health behaviours. We construct the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) as an overall indicator of nutritional quality, and we use it to complement the body mass index BMI. While for females we find no significant association between the BMI and risk preferences, males with high BMI appear more risk-seeking. However, this association disappears when controlling for the quality of the diet. For males, the HEI is significantly associated with risk preferences. Males smoking status is not associated with risk preferences.
TY - JOUR. T1 - Mental health, social support, and HIV-related sexual risk behaviors among HIV-negative adolescent sexual minority males. T2 - three U.S. cities, 2015. AU - For The NHBS-YMSM Study Group. AU - Agnew-Brune, Christine B.. AU - Balaji, Alexandra B.. AU - Mustanski, Brian. AU - Newcomb, Michael E.. AU - Prachand, Nik. AU - Braunstein, Sarah L.. AU - Brady, Kathleen A.. AU - Hoots, Brooke E.. AU - Smith, Justin S.. AU - Paz-Bailey, Gabriela. AU - Broz, Dita. PY - 2019/12/1. Y1 - 2019/12/1. N2 - We examined the association between mental health issues, social support, and HIV among adolescent sexual minority males (SMM), who are disproportionally affected by HIV. National HIV Behavioral Surveillance among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men (NHBS-YMSM) data among SMM aged 13-18 years were collected in three cities (Chicago, New York City, and Philadelphia). Separate log-linked Poisson regression models were used to estimate associations between mental health issues and social support ...
This study looks at the effects of ownership structure, and on the risk taking behaviour of banks in Ghana. Using data from twenty-one (21) banks during 2000-2010, the study employs random effects panel data regressions. The results show that banks prefer to hold high excess reserves instead of lending to borrowers when they perceive the markets to be risky. Locally owned banks tend to be more efficient in managing their risk than foreign-owned banks while closed corporations tend to perform better in managing risk than locally-owned banks. ...
Although some adults may want this to be the standard, it is far from accurate in describing the world of todays teenagers. The reality is that sexual behavior is almost universal among American adolescents. Eighty-five percent of young adults ages 18 to 24 and 56 percent of adolescents ages 15 to 17 report having been with someone in an intimate or sexual way (including but not limited to intercourse).1 In addition, 66 percent of adolescents and young adults ages 15 to 24 report having engaged in oral sex.2. According to data from the 2007 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), 48 percent of all high school students and 65 percent of high school seniors report having engaged in sexual intercourse.3 A similar survey of college students found that 80 percent of students 18 to 24 years of age had engaged in sexual intercourse.4 In addition, studies have found that even those young people who remain virgins during their teen years ...
Does the prospect of taking a risk make you panic, or does it send a thrill down your spine? Everyone has a different level of comfort with taking chances. Among others things, risk-taking preferences are influenced by past experience, environment, and potential for reward. However, even under similar conditions, two individuals could easily display discrepant risk-taking behavior, providing evidence for the considerable role of personality in risk-taking. The questions on this test are designed to determine your level of comfort with risk-taking, and how it could affect your career.. To determine your propensity to take risks, answer the following questions honestly. If a given situation does not apply to you, select the answer that corresponds best to your conceivable reaction to that situation.. ...
The Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) monitors six types of health-risk behaviors that contribute to the leading causes of death and disability among youth and adults, including-. 2015 US Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. ...
This dataset includes data on adolescents diet, physical activity, and weight status from Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS). This data is used for DNPAOs Data, Trends, and Maps database, which provides national and state specific data on obesity, nutrition, physical activity, and breastfeeding. For more information about YRBSS visit https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/index.htm ...
This dataset includes data on adolescents diet, physical activity, and weight status from Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS). This data is used for DNPAOs Data, Trends, and Maps database, which provides national and state specific data on obesity, nutrition, physical activity, and breastfeeding. For more information about YRBSS visit https://www.cdc.gov/healthyyouth/data/yrbs/index.htm ...
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a growing problem nationwide, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2009), there are approximately 19 million new STIs each year, and almost half are among young people ages 15 to 24. Untreated STIs are estimated to cause at least 24,000 women to become infertile each year (CDC). Students with low self-esteem, consumed more alcohol, had more sexual partners, and had more HIV risk-taking behaviors than other students (Gullette & Lyons, 2006). What is not clear from the literature is how psychological variables affect risk behaviors in a nationally representative sample. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between self-esteem, alcohol use, and sexual risk behaviors. Methods: This is a secondary analysis of data from The National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health) database, which is a longitudinal study of a nationally representative sample of adolescents. The Add Health cohort has been ...
What issues affect looked after children?. Children in care and care leavers are more likely to experience poor health, educational and social outcomes. Young people leaving care in the UK are five times more likely to attempt suicide than their peers.(28). Few children or young people choose to become looked after. A high percentage enter the care system as a result of abuse or neglect, their experiences are also likely to have included one or more of the following: domestic violence, substance misusing parent(s), poverty, homelessness, the loss of a parent, or inadequate parenting. Whilst many remain in the care system only for brief periods, a considerable number spend a significant proportion of their childhood in care.. Children and young people who are looked after have the same core health needs as other young people, but what happens during childhood influences adult well-being and the likelihood of risk taking behaviours, employment, the development of ill health and disease. Looked ...
You will provide advice and guidance, identify evidence based specialist training and develop curriculum resources to support schools to improve the health and wellbeing of children and young people. Areas of responsibility could include building resilience, emotional health and wellbeing, sexual health, healthy relationships, diet and nutrition, physical activity, healthy eating, smoking and tobacco, substance misuse and risk taking behaviours. You will quality-assure the work of external providers of public health/health and wellbeing interventions, and work with schools and providers to embed a financially sustainable model of training delivery in the specified areas ...
The model developed by using further analysis of our data demonstrated some other associations. Children were more likely to wear helmets than adults, had a higher incidence of accidents in summer months, and were less likely to be involved in motor vehicle accidents. Summer cycling accidents were less likely to involve motor vehicles, presumably because of improved weather conditions and longer day length as well as proportionately more children on bicycles. Our model was unable to show direct links between some factors. For example, helmet use and motor vehicle involvement were conditionally independent for each given age group and for whether a head injury was sustained. This absence of a difference in the rate of motor vehicle involvement for helmet wearers and non-wearers sheds some light on the vexed issue of risk taking behaviour since it means within each age group and head injury category helmet wearers and non-wearers were just as likely to be involved in the more serious type of ...
This license allows readers to share, copy, distribute, adapt and make commercial use of the work as long as it is attributed back to the author and distributed under this or a similar license. For more information, please see CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO. ...
At baseline (October to November 2014), 37 peer support groups for YLHIV were established in Luwero and Nakasongola districts. During this same time period, we recruited a cohort of 473 support group members, aged 15-24 years. After a 9-month intervention period (January to September 2015), we completed the end-line survey with 350 members of the original cohort. Multivariate logistic regression analysis applied to longitudinal data was used to assess changes in key outcomes from baseline to end line.. Results ...
Strawbridge, R. , Ward, J., Lyall, L., Tunbridge, E. M., Cullen, B. , Graham, N., Ferguson, A., Johnston, K., Lyall, D. , Mackay, D. , Cavanagh, J., Howard, D. M., Adams, M. J., Deary, I., Escott-Price, V., ODonovan, M., McIntosh, A. M., Bailey, M. , Pell, J. , Harrison, P. and Smith, D. (2019) Genetics of self-reported risk-taking behaviour, trans-ethnic consistency and relevance to brain gene expression. [Data Collection] ...
The proposed Center for Prevention Implementation Methodology (Ce-PIM) for Drug Abuse and Sexual Risk Behavior is designed to accelerate research through the ap...
Three measures of risk-taking and four measures of performance were employed to investigate the effects of fear of failure (FF) on these two variables. All Ss were required to participate in all tests and seven hypotheses were formulated and examined within the general areas stated above. In the area of risk-taking, it was found that as the subjective failure became more intense, the high FF Ss tended to take fewer and fewer risks. Likewise, FF was found to have a debilitating effect on three of the performance tasks employed. The previous finding that high FF Ss set wider confirming intervals (CIs) than low FF Ss was also substantiated. Two questionnaires (Risk-Taking and Performance) were administered in attempts to obtain more direct indices of the effects of FF motivation in these two areas. Neither questionnaire proved to be as successful as the behavioral measures. (Author)(*PERFORMANCE(HUMAN)
This article explores the influence of competitive conditions on the evolutionary fitness of risk preferences, using the professional competition between fund managers as a practical example. To explore how different settings of competition parameters, the exclusion rate and the exclusion interval, affect individual investment behavior, an evolutionary model is developed. Using a simple genetic algorithm, two attributes of virtual fund managers evolve: the amount of capital they invest in risky assets and the amount of excessive risk they accept, where a positive value of the latter parameter indicates an inefficient investment portfolio. The simulation experiments illustrate that the influence of competitive conditions on investment behavior and attitudes towards risk is significant. What is alarming is that intense competitive pressure generates risk-seeking behavior and diminishes the predominance of the most skilled. Under these conditions, evolution does not necessarily select managers with ...
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently analyzed data from Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS) conducted between 1991 and 1997 ...
Purpose: Teenagers have high rates of risky behavior including drug/alcohol use, smoking, sexual activity which affect health. Risky behaviors are prevalent in the United States, England, Australia, Canada and among Newark teenagers. This presentation describes: global perspectives on risky behaviors in teenagers; an intervention to reduce risky behaviors; gender differences on outcomes. The intervention guided by Banduras social learning theory focused on sexuality discussions, mentoring, health/fitness classes, cultural events, community service, and recognition. Methods: Pretest post-test design. Four intervention (n=230 girls;n=221 boys)/five comparison schools(n=134 girls; n=110 boys) participated. Intervention participants were randomly selected. Comparison participants were convenience sample. Intervention/comparison schools were matched on demographic variables. Instruments: AFL Core and Demographic Questionnaires. Pearson Chi Square, Mann Whitney U statistics and .05 level of ...
The 2015 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey [2.77MB,180Pages, 508] found that nearly 12% of high school females reported physical violence and nearly 16%
Background: Recent evidence suggests the effectiveness of stepwise, targeted approaches for the prevention of lifestyle-related diseases with combinations of web-based and face-to-face interventions showing promising results. Objective: This paper reports on 1-year changes in health-risk behaviors, BMI, self-rated health, mental well-being, and risk of disease at 1-year follow-up after participation in a stepwise intervention that targeted persons at high risk of disease and persons with health-risk behavior. To this end, we distinguish between participants who took up the full intervention (web-based plus face-to-face) and those who received only the web-based intervention. Methods: The Early Detection and Prevention (Danish acronym: TOF) pilot study was conducted as a nonrandomized, 1-year follow-up intervention study in two municipalities in the Region of Southern Denmark. A total of 9400 citizens born between 1957 and 1986 (aged 29 to 60 years) were randomly sampled from participating general
(HealthDay)-Bisexual females and not sure male students report higher prevalences for many sexual risk behaviors than heterosexual students, according to research published in the Sept. 14 issue of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Preventions Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
Data from the Study to Understand the Natural History of HIV/AIDS in the Era of Effective Therapies were examined to assess whether there are associations between neurocognitive functioning and risky behaviors among people living with HIV. Among the 658 HIV positive study participants examined, median age was 41 years; 57% were white, 32% were black, and 11% were Hispanic or of another ethnicity; 77% were male; 53% were men who have sex with men; median baseline cd4 count was 464 cells/mm3; 78% had a viral load ...
The principal objective of the National HIV Behavioral Surveillance System (NHBS) is to monitor risk behaviors and access to prevention services among three pop...
RAMAFIKENG, Matumo Catherine; ROSHAN, Galvaan e AMESUN, Seyi Ldele. Tobacco use and concurrent engagement in other risk behaviours: A public health challenge for occupational therapists. S. Afr. j. occup. ther. [online]. 2019, vol.49, n.1, pp.26-35. ISSN 2310-3833. http://dx.doi.org/10.17159/2310-3833/2019/vol49n1a5.. INTRODUCTION: Occupational therapists are concerned about what people do and how that impacts their health and well-being. However, occupational therapy contributions to the cessation and prevention of tobacco use remain limited. Tobacco use constitutes occupational performance that poses a serious threat to health, well-being and quality of life. The purpose of this paper is to report the extent of tobacco use and discuss the nature of risk behaviours among high school learners in the city of Maseru, Lesotho METHOD: The paper draws on findings of a larger study that aimed to establish the prevalence of risk behaviours among high school learners in Lesotho. 1121 learners aged 12-27 ...
Several studies have examined the effects of state cigarette tax increases on youth substance use over the 1990s, with most -- but not all -- finding that higher taxes reduce youth consumption of tobacco. We advance the literature by using data from the 1991-2005 waves of the national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS), providing information on over 100,000 high school age youths. We also are the first to make use of hundreds of independently fielded state and local versions of the YRBS, reflecting data from over 750,000 youths. Importantly, these data are to our knowledge the only sources of relevant information on youth smoking that were explicitly designed to be representative of the sampled state or locality. We estimate two-way fixed effects models of the effect of state cigarette taxes on youth smoking, controlling for survey demographics and area and year fixed effects. Our most consistent finding is that -- contrary to some recent research -- the large state tobacco tax increases of the ...
Data from the MYRBS provide accurate estimates of the prevalence of risk behaviors among public high school students in the Commonwealth, and are used to determine statewide changes in the prevalence of these behaviors over time. The data are important for planning health education and risk prevention programs. Additionally, the results of the MYRBS contribute to a national database of adolescent risk behaviors. Through careful examination of the MYRBS results, state and local agencies can use the data to set priorities for improving the health of students across the Commonwealth.. Results for individual schools, districts, towns, or regions are not possible from the statewide MYRBS, as survey methodology is designed to give state level estimates only. However, many schools and districts choose to conduct or participate in local surveys to gather data about the risk behaviors of their own students. While often confused with the MYRBS; these surveys are not administered, monitored or tracked by ...
Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBSS) are conducted and analyzed by MSDHs Health Data and Research Unit to evaluate adolescent health and risk behaviors such as smoking, drug use, exercise and diet.. ...
Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBSS) are conducted and analyzed by MSDHs Health Data and Research Unit to evaluate adolescent health and risk behaviors such as smoking, drug use, exercise and diet.. ...
Cressy noted that the spirits industry has been a part of this positive trend through the support of the Federal Trade Commissions We Dont Serve Teens program and the educational initiatives of the Foundation for Advancing Alcohol Responsibility (www.responsibility.org), which provides tools to parents, schools and communities to address underage drinking and drunk driving ...
A study in the January issue of the Journal of School Health presents data from the 1997 Youth Risk Behavior Survey -- Middle School (YRBS-M). The YRBS-M ...
Adolescent risky behavior and depression are a national health concern. in child development, including high risk behavior, drug involvement, depression, and.. Youth with low risk orientation may be less tolerant of such risk-taking behaviors. On the other hand, risk-taking behavior can be thought of as the willingness to participate in behaviors that expose the adolescent to an increased likelihood of physical or mental harm. High risk-taking adolescents may be more likely to drink and drive, have. health and ones health behavior. In the United States, men and boys are more likely than women and girls to adopt a variety of attitudes and beliefs that undermine their health and well-being, including beliefs related to perceived invulnerability to risk and personal control over health and masculinity (Courtenay, 2000b, 2000c, in press).. by the CDC. This studys sample engaged in significantly less risk behaviors overall than did a general sample of adolescents the same age. This indicates that ...
Ottawa County teens are participating less in risky behaviors compared to teens in the rest of the state and nation.Thats according to data compiled from the countys 2013 Youth Assessment Survey and the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System. Combined, the biennial surveys ask thousands of questions about sexual behavior, safety, drug use and community experience.Based on the responses and compared to the state and national figures, Leigh Moerdyke, Community Youth Development
Having sex at early age, having multiple sexual partners, having sex while under the influence of alcohol or drugs and unprotected sexual behaviors are the common characteristics of risky sexual behavior which increases risk of individuals to sexuality and reproductive health problems. Risky sexual behavior is the most common problem in adolescents and young adults which may expose individuals for permanent social, economical, psychological and physical problem. So that this study focus on assessment of risk sexual behavior using institution based cross-sectional study design on 287 randomly selected subjects among Aksum University students. Almost 60% students reported to have ever had sexual activity. Of which 86 (83.5%) and 112 (64.4%) reported having inconsistent condom use and multiple sexual partners respectively. Even though more than half of first sexual intercourse (61.5%) starts due to their desire but still peer pressure and alcohol have significant effect. Similarly the study indicated that
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Preventing youths high-risk sexual behaviors represent some of the most difficult and important challenges for social and behavioral scientists. This study will identify factors contributing to youths high-risk sexual behaviors and their disparities. The objectives involve testing a causal model of sexual behaviors guided by the theory of triadic influence (TTI; Flay & Petraitis, 1994), a model well-tested in predicting other adolescent risk behaviors that specifies the operation of key proximal factors as well as more distal factors. Consistent with TTI, proximal factors will include self-efficacy, attitudes, and social norms; distal factors include global positive expectancies, depressive symptoms, parental relatedness, and academic orientation. Finally, potentially vital socio-cultural influences will be tested as ultimate (most distal) factors in the model. Global expectancies and cultural orientation in Latinos are two important factors of emphasis in ...
Risk attitudes influence decisions made under uncertainty. This paper investigates the association of risk attitudes with the utilization of preventive and general healthcare services, work absence and resulting costs to explore their contribution to the heterogeneity in utilization. Data of 1823 individuals (56.5 ± 9.5 years), participating in the German KORA FF4 population-based cohort study (2013/2014) were analyzed. Individuals general and health risk attitude were measured as willingness to take risk (WTTR) on 11-point scales. Utilization of preventive and medical services and work absence was assessed and annual costs were calculated from a societal perspective. Generalized linear models with log-link function (logistic, negative-binomial and gamma regression) adjusted for age, sex, and height were used to analyze the association of WTTR with the utilizations and costs. Higher WTTR was significantly associated with lower healthcare utilization (physician visits, physical therapy, and medication
Downloadable (with restrictions)! We propose a model of history-dependent risk attitude, allowing a decision makers risk attitude to be affected by his history of disappointments and elations. The decision maker recursively evaluates compound risks, classifying realizations as disappointing or elating using a threshold rule. We establish equivalence between the model and two cognitive biases: risk attitudes are reinforced by experiences (one is more risk averse after disappointment than after elation) and there is a primacy effect (early outcomes have the greatest impact on risk attitude). In a dynamic asset pricing problem, the model yields volatile, path-dependent prices.
Author(s): Guerrero, Lourdes R; Dudovitz, Rebecca; Chung, Paul J; Dosanjh, Kulwant K; Wong, Mitchell D | Abstract: Grit, defined as working strenuously toward challenges, maintaining effort and interest over years despite failure, adversity, and plateaus in progress, is strongly associated with academic achievement and life success and may also be associated with health outcomes and behaviors. We examined predictors of grit, and the association between grit and health behaviors among at-risk Latino adolescents.We analyzed baseline survey data collected in 2013-2014 from a sample of 1270 9th graders in low-income neighborhoods of Los Angeles. We examined factors associated with grit and whether grit is associated with substance use and delinquent behaviors, controlling for adolescent and parent sociodemographic factors.In a sample of mostly Latino adolescents (89.5%), compared to those with low grit, those with high grit had significantly lower odds of alcohol use in the last 30 days (odds ratio 0.30,
This work sought to investigate the relation between social desirability and self-reported health risk behaviors (e.g., alcohol use, drug use, and smoking) in web-based research. Self-report measures are a common way of gathering data in research on health risk behaviors. In several commonly used planning models of health promotion [1, 2], self-reports are used in several phases, for example, in the problem analysis (e.g., behavioral diagnosis) and in the evaluation of interventions (e.g., effectiveness). In tailored interventions, self-reports are used to tailor the intervention to respondents behavior and determinants of this behavior [3, 4]. One reason of why self-reports are used in research on health risk behaviors is that they require fewer resources (e.g., financial, logistical) and have higher specificity (e.g., quantity/frequency measures) compared to bio-medical measures such as hair testing and urine screening for drug use or an air carbon monoxide monitor for smoking. Another reason ...
This paper deals with the relation between excessive risk taking and capital structure in banks. Examining a quarterly dataset of U.S. banks between 1993 and 2010, we find that equity is valued higher when more risky portfolios are chosen when leverage is high, and that more risk taking has a negative impact on valuation of the debt of highly leveraged banks. We find no evidence that deposit insurance is encouraging risk taking behaviour. We do find that banks with a more troubled loan portfolio take on more risk. Banks whose share price has slumped tend to gamble for resurrection by increasing the riskiness of their asset portfolios. The results suggest that incentives embedded in the capital structure of banks contribute to systemic fragility, and so support the Basel III proposals towards less leverage and higher loss absorption capacity of capital ...
Objective To investigate AIDS related high risk behaviors among men who have sex with men(MSM) and provide evidence for policy development in Huainan.Methods A total of 279 participants were recruited by using snowballing sampling in Huainan city.Structured-questionnaire was used to collect the demographic data,knowledge about HIV/AIDS,sexual behavioral information,condom use and situation about reception of HIV prevention services.Univariate and multivariate stepwise logistic regression analysis was applied in this study.Results Most of the MSM were young,the mean age of these participants was 28.40 years.Among them,78.14% were unmarried,and 68.46% had an education beyond senior middle school.89.90% were aware of AIDS-related knowledge.In the past six months,of 275 respondents,100% MSM had homosexual anal sex,7.72% had commercial homosexual sex,31.05% had sex with female.Among the subjects,62.36% has unprotected anal intercourse with non-commercial male sex partners,38.10% had unprotected intercourse
| One of the most interesting aspects of the human brain is its ability to become addicted. Addiction is a serious problem and based on genetic predisposition, many are prone to it. Addictive behaviors include alcohol, nicotine, cannabis & opioid dependence, psychosis response from cannabis use, eating disorders such as binge eating, and adrenaline seeking/risk taking behaviors. These forms of addiction are all involved in biological areas that contribute to disease. We have the ability to test our patients to determine if they have a genetic predisposition to one of these addictive behaviors and create protocols to advise them to stay away from participating in any of these harmful behaviors at the risk of developing an addiction. The genetic test we use is DNA Mind from D
Rohypnol is a brand name of flunitrazepam, another benzo - but which is 10 times as potent. It is one of the date rape drugs - but has also appeared in adulterated red heroin. It causes sedation, respiratory suppression and profound amnesia. Especially combined with other substances it may lead to fatal overdose - but at lesser extremes can lead to bizarre/criminal/risk taking behaviour - such that users wake up to face consequences of actions they have carried out but cannot remember ...
* Modulating risk taking behaviour in healthy populations * Risk vs uncertainty: neurocognitive aspects of decision making under uncertainty by serial entrepreneurs * Decision making under uncertainty: C-suite executives...
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has released new data that emphasizes the connection between student health and academic performance. Although studies have indicated a relationship between educational outcomes and health-related behaviors, there has been a lack of recent nationally representative studies. CDC analyzed results from the 2015 national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) to assess the relationship between academic achievement and 30 health-related behaviors significantly contributing to morbidity and mortality among adolescents in the United States. Key findings from this study include:. ...
Adolescence is a developmental period characterized by a greater tendency to take risks. While the adult literature has shown that sex steroids influence reward-related brain functioning and risk taking, research on the role of these hormones during puberty is limited. In this study, we examined the relation between pubertal hormones and adolescent risk taking using a probabilistic decision-making task. In this task, participants could choose on each trial to play or pass based on explicit information about the risk level and stakes involved in their decision. We administered this task to 58 11-to-13-year-old girls while functional MRI images were obtained to examine reward-related brain processes associated with their risky choices. Results showed that higher testosterone levels were associated with increased risk taking, which was mediated by increased medial orbitofrontal cortex activation. Furthermore, higher estradiol levels were associated with increased nucleus accumbens activation, which ...
Implementation of a school-based human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination program in Canada did not lead to an increase in sexual risk-taking behaviors among adol
Trait sensation-seeking, defined as a need for varied, complex, and intense sensations, represents a relatively underexplored hedonic drive in human behavioral neuroscience research. It is related to increased risk for a range of behaviors including substance use, gambling, and risky sexual practice. Individual differences in self-reported sensation-seeking have been linked to brain dopamine function, particularly at D2-like receptors, but so far no causal evidence exists for a role of dopamine in sensation-seeking behavior in humans. Here, we investigated the effects of the selective D2/D3 agonist cabergoline on performance of a probabilistic risky choice task in healthy humans using a sensitive within-subject, placebo-controlled design. Cabergoline significantly influenced the way participants combined different explicit signals regarding probability and loss when choosing between response options associated with uncertain outcomes. Importantly, these effects were strongly dependent on ...
Depression and depressive symptoms mediate the association between drug use and HIV risk. Yet, there are few interventions that target depressive symptoms and HIV risk for people who use drugs (PWUD). This study was a randomized controlled trial of an integrated cognitive behavioral therapy and HIV prevention intervention to reduce depressive symptoms, injection risk behaviors and increase condom use in a sample of urban people who used heroin or cocaine in the prior 6 months. A total of 315 individuals aged 18-55, who self-reported at least one HIV drug and sex risk behavior and scored ≥16 and ,40 on the Centers for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale were randomized using a two-block design, stratified by sex to ensure equivalent numbers, to a 10 session intervention arm (n = 162) or a single session control arm (n = 153 ...
Now let me talk about Nettles central thesis. It has been previously proposed in literature that low mood (and thus risk-aversion) is due to being in a poor state wherein one can avoid energy expenditure (and thus worsening of situation) by assuming a low profile. Nettle plays the devils advocate and argues that an exactly opposite argument can be made that the organism in a poor state needs to indulge in high risk (and high energy) activities to get out of the poor state. Thus, there is no a prior reason as to why one explanation may be more sound than the other. To find out when exactly high risk behavior pay off and when exactly low risk behaviors are more optimal, he develops a model and uses some elementary mathematics to derive some conclusions. He, of course , bases his model on a Preventive focus, whereby the organism tries to minimize getting in a state R , which is sub-threshold. He allows the S(t) to be maximized under the constraint that one does not lose sight of R. Ill not go ...
Substance use and sexual risk behaviour affect young peoples current and future health and wellbeing in many high-income countries. Our understanding of time-trends in adolescent health-risk behaviour is largely based on routinely collected survey data in school-aged adolescents (aged 15 years or less). Less is known about changes in these behaviours among older adolescents. We compared two cohorts from the same geographical area (West of Scotland), surveyed in 1990 and 2003, to: describe time-trends in measures of smoking, drinking, illicit drug use, early sexual initiation, number of opposite sex sexual partners and experience of pregnancy at age 18-19 years, both overall and stratified by gender and socioeconomic status (SES); and examine the effect of time-trends on the patterning of behaviours by gender and SES. Our analyses adjust for slight between-cohort age differences since age was positively associated with illicit drug use and pregnancy. Rates of drinking, illicit drug use, early sexual
Objective:To know the high risk behavior status of STD/HIV among men who have sex with men(MSM)in Shenzhen and provide scientific evidence for behavior intervention among high risk population.Methods:Face to face questionnaire interview was conducted after information consent.Data were collected and analyzed by Epidata 3.0.Results:Among 203 MSM,the average age was 26 years(15-57).Senior middle school or technical middle school education groups were the main body(38.9%).86.7% of them were unmarried.They mainly resided in Luohu and Futian district.The age for the first sexual intercourse ranged from 12 to 30 and 52.2% had first sex with men and the average of sex partners was 31.Among them,47.3% were bisexual,43.8% were homosexual and 2.0% were heterosexual.Only 41.4% used condom every time when having sex with partners within 6 months.14.3% had sex with foreigners and 12.3% had been informed STD by health care workers.54.2% had been tested for HIV.Conclusion:MSM generally have more sex partners and low
WEDNESDAY, Jan. 3, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Drug use, mental distress and exposure to violence in the teen years appears to raise the odds for later HIV infection, a new study suggests.. Teens who engage in risky behaviors are more likely to have unsafe sex -- and that may put them at increased risk for HIV, the AIDS-causing virus, University of Michigan researchers reported.. Our findings support the notion that the increasing frequency of psychosocial risk factors experienced during adolescence may have effects on HIV risk behaviors decades later, said study author David Cordova. Hes an assistant professor of social work at the university.. Cordovas team followed 850 residents of Flint, Mich., from age 14 until age 32. Most were black. The participants behaviors, health and social conditions were assessed six times over 18 years.. One-quarter of those with more behavioral risk factors as teens were more likely to have unprotected sex with recent partners. In adulthood, they were also more ...
This study examined associations between individual and neighborhood compositional characteristics for young black and white men who have sex with men (MSM), ages 15-25 years. Individual baseline data were collected during 1999-2000 as part of a 13-city randomized control trial. Neighborhood composition data at the zip code tabulation area were obtained from the 2000 US Census. Consistent with other studies, individual characteristics--including supportive condom use peer norms--were associated with any unprotected anal sex, HIV testing, having an HIV-positive/unknown test result, recent participation in prevention activities, and knowledge of antiretroviral therapies used to treat HIV. While young black men generally engaged in less risky sexual behaviors, they were more likely to test for HIV than were young white men but were also less likely to have recently participated in prevention programs or have knowledge of drugs used to treat HIV. Associations were also observed for neighborhood
High-risk sexual behavior puts people at risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), unplanned pregnancy, and being in a sexual relationship before being mature enough to know what makes a healthy relationship. Teens and young adults are at higher risk than adults. Examples of high-risk sexual behavior include...
Propensity toward risk-taking[edit]. Given that individuals vary in their willingness to take risks,[25] the idea has been ... Bromiley P Curley S in Yates J (ed.) (1992). "Individual difference in risk taking". Risk taking behavior. New York, NY: Wiley ... higher in risk-taking propensity will be more likely to reveal their stigma at work than those who are lower in risk-taking ... This is likely done to counteract the negative prejudice that most people have against obese women.[43] Taken together, these ...
Entrepreneurs are leaders willing to take risk and exercise initiative, taking advantage of market opportunities by planning, ... Uncertainty perception and risk-taking[edit]. Theorists Frank Knight[104] and Peter Drucker defined entrepreneurship in terms ... of risk-taking. The entrepreneur is willing to put his or her career and financial security on the line and take risks in the ... Third, taking on risk is a necessity. Fourth, the entrepreneurial process requires the organization of people and resources.[16 ...
Lund AK, Zador P (1984). "Mandatory belt use and driver risk taking". Risk Analysis. 4: 41-53. doi:10.1111/j.1539-6924.1984. ... They took into account thirty factors which it was thought might affect the death rate. Among these were included the annual ... The risk of being injured increases exponentially with speeds much faster than the median speed. The severity / lethality of a ... Most claims of risk compensation offsetting the effects of vehicle regulation and belt use laws have been discredited by ...
"Regional risk-taking." Flight International, 19 September 2000. Warwick, Graham. "New Bombardier assembly plant follows CRJ900 ... and were at one point expected to take a stake in the venture during the 1990s. Bombardier has stopped taking new sales; ... Its first flight took place on 27 May 1999. The aircraft's FAA Type Certificate designation is the CL-600-2C10. The CRJ700 ... On 21 February 2001, the maiden flight of the CRJ900 took place five months ahead of schedule. By March 2002, the CRJ900 was ...
"Measuring risk taking". Educational Studies in Mathematics. 22 (3): 297-308. doi:10.1007/BF00368343. S2CID 144034504. Graham ...
"Risk-Taking Bishop". The New York Times. 1969-12-25. "Bishop Joseph Bernard Brunini". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. "EX-BISHOP ...
Wolf KI, Santos JR, Pacak K (January 2019). "Why Take the Risk? We Only Live Once: The Dangers Associated with Neglecting a Pre ... Convert to oral replacement therapy as soon as the patient is able to take medication by mouth Patients should be transitioned ... They will remain supine for (3) hours and a repeat blood draw will be taken. A positive result (indicating a pheochromocytoma) ... Dungan K, Merrill J, Long C, Binkley P (November 2019). "Effect of beta blocker use and type on hypoglycemia risk among ...
I took that risk. I would take that risk again to be a physician." In 1996, shortly after Frascino had stopped working as a ... A 2005 article on Frascino in the San Jose Mercury News reported that he was taking 26 antiretroviral pills per day to keep the ... However, when he began to experience severe lower-back pain later in the day, Natterstad and Frascino's sister Linda took him ... On the evening of September 16, 2011, two days before A Concerted Effort 2011 was scheduled to take place, Frascino developed ...
Harkness returned to the Edinburgh Festival Fringe in 2019 to perform a one-woman show, called Take a Risk. Since 2016, ... Cornwell, Tim (2019-08-19). "Edinburgh Festival Fringe 2019 REVIEW Timandra Harkness: Take a Risk". The Edinburgh Reporter. ... Take A Risk (2019) Santos, Patricia (2019). "Science, communication and women in networks" (PDF). Women in Science. No. 1. ...
"Risk Taking That Worked". The Stage. 4 April 1996. p. 14 - via Proquest. "No Mistaking a Quality Cast". The Stage. 12 November ...
I take a risk. Criticism I get anyway." Steinberg's prestige however filled Carnegie Hall to 80 percent capacity under the ... He next took the position of music director of the Frankfurt Opera. In 1930, in Frankfurt, he conducted the world premiere of ... "various takes of the original recording were first transferred to tape and then edited into a unified whole. This included ... "This quality of not taking himself too seriously endeared him to the musicians." Although all business on the podium, Steinberg ...
Weiss, Hedy (March 15, 2002). "Risk-taking 'Tchaikovsky' thrills". Chicago Sun-Times. Jowitt, Deborah (February 2, 1999). "Oh ... Weiss, Hedy (March 26, 2007). "Eifman's contemporary vision takes off in 'Seagull'". Chicago Sun-Times. Johnson, Robert (April ...
... increased sexual risk taking". Developmental Psychology. 46 (1): 120-28. doi:10.1037/a0015549. PMID 20053011. Mishra, Gita D; ... At menarche the girl is taken out to sea and left there to swim back. Perhaps the most notable movie scene involving menarche ... According to a review article, there may also be an association between early age at menarche and breast cancer risk. Studies ... A systematic review has concluded that early age at menarche is also a risk factor for the insulin resistance condition. There ...
The ultimate risk. And I love taking risks. You may have heard that about me. There's no way this book could truly recapture ... The British press took what Kaye called a "mean-spirited stance" against the singer and the tour; after she arrived in London, ... Auditions for dancers took place in Los Angeles; an ad was displayed for "androgynous boyish girls with very short hair". The ... Taking the adventure one step further is to play in front of a different audience every night. dealing with different cultures ...
Emyr Williams (6 August 2004). "A risk we cannot take". Liverpool Daily Post. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 ...
ISBN 1-881390-20-9. Antonelli, Paola (2005). Safe: Design Takes on Risk. New York: The Museum of Modern Art. ISBN 0-87070-580-6 ... In 2005 she curated the exhibition entitled "Safe: Design Takes on Risk" for MoMA. She curated the exhibition entitled "Safe" ... Design Takes on Risk." Other recent projects include a book about food from the world over, as examples of distinctive design, ... Design Takes on Risk - Grace Under Pressure Droog Design - Spirit of the Nineties No Discipline - Preface Items: Is Fashion ...
Safe: Design Takes on Risk. New York: Museum of Modern Art (2005) [9] Hurtig, Annette; Sloan, Johanne; Seaton, Beth, Bill Burns ...
"A Risk Worth Taking", 2007; "In All Senses", 2008; "Fast and Feast", 2008; "Cross Examined", 2009; "Relationships", 2010; and " ... He was a Canon Residentiary at Southwark Cathedral from 1983 to 1991 and then Vicar of Holy Trinity, Roehampton until he took ...
Ben-David, Itzhak; Birru, Justin & Prokopenya, Viktor (2018). "Uninformative Feedback and Risk Taking". Review of Finance. doi: ... Aged 16, Prokopenya took on the responsibility of caring for his family after his father, who had started a business in the ... The partners took a stake in Dronefence, a company that develops defences against unmanned aerial vehicles. The investment size ...
Anderson, C., & Galinsky, A.D. (2006). Power, optimism, and risk-taking. European Journal of Social Psychology, 36, 511-536. ... For example, a 'powerful' actor can take options away from another's choice set; can change the relative costs of actions; can ... Powerful people are also more likely to take action. In one example, powerful people turned off an irritatingly close fan twice ... One can classify such power tactics along three different dimensions: Soft and hard: Soft tactics take advantage of the ...
To take the calculated risk; to dream and to build, to fail and to succeed. To prefer the thrill of challenge to the stale calm ...
"How to Take a Risk". "How to Find Inner Peace". "How to Stay Famous". "What Rodney King Said During One of His Final Interviews ...
I can't take the risk. So we don't go out." Marai was amongst 25 killed (including 8 journalists) in the suicide bombings in ...
In risk-taking literature, diffusion of responsibility occurs when individual members of a group feel less personal ... Wallach, M. A.; Kogan, N.; Bem, D. J. (1964). "Diffusion of responsibility and level of risk taking in groups" (PDF). Journal ... Diffusion of responsibility is also a causal factor governing much crowd behaviour, as well as risk-taking in groups. Contrary ... doi:10.1016/0022-1031(67)90022-4. Wallach, M. A.; Kogan, N.; Bem, D. J. (1962). "Group influence on individual risk taking" ( ...
CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) Beames, Percy (10 September 1954). "BULLDOGS TAKE RISK WITH SUTTON". The Age (31, 000 ... Geelong kicked with the wind in the first quarter, and in the early going it looked like the pace and class which had taken ... Lionel Ryan, who had been dropped to accommodate Sutton, was reinstated to the team, and defender Wally Donald took charge of ...
... decision-making or risk-taking; a strategy or plan; a mass or public event; a speech act and a matter of personal identity; a ... In 1996, the acclaimed British film Beautiful Thing had a positive take in its depiction of two teenage boys coming to terms ... Further, Gay.com states that closeted individuals are reported to be at increased risk for suicide. Depending on the relational ... "Study: Closeted men at suicide risk". Gay.com. May 4, 2007. Archived from the original on May 6, 2007. Retrieved April 21, 2021 ...
Who will take the risk? Public meetings were held only in block headquarters of Dumaria, Imamganj, and Banker Bazar." There ... An FIR was also filed against Bihar's JDU Transport Minister Ram Nandan Singh for having taken two guards into the polling ...
I would take the risk." By 1981/82 he had four stores, "including a tourist development in Harborplace, showplace of a reviving ... Publication of the Price Guide was taken over by Gemstone in 1998, Gemstone took over publication, and the twenty-eighth ... Steve [Geppi] is a visionary and a risk-taker... and I tend to be more conservative." After starting his business through ... "Diamond grew an average of 40 percent a year," as comics retail took off. Many fans "with little experience" started rival ...
"Too big a risk taken". Deccan Chronicle. 16 August 2017. Retrieved 14 September 2020. "South Stars Who Grabbed Headlines in ... 1 crore and takes the FIR copy. When Jogendra tells Choudappa that he is unable to arrange the money, Choudappa asks Jogendra ... He then takes Hema Chander's pistol, shoots his hands, and puts the blame on Hema Chander. Devika Rani, a journalist, does ... powerful screen presence takes everything up a notch and it's a treat to watch him turn from good to grey." Suresh Kavirayani ...
In my view, Mayo did not fully take into account the fact that an inventive concept can come not just from creative, ... The district court said: "[T]he claims at issue pose a substantial risk of preempting the natural phenomenon of paternally ... The district court construed the patent and denied a preliminary injunction, and Sequenom took an interlocutory appeal. On ... that created risks of miscarriage). Then they realized that they could selectively amplify the fetal DNA by focusing on the ...
Certain medication (like amine-containing drugs) can increase the risk of craniosynostosis when taken during pregnancy, these ... Most surgeons will not intervene until after the age of six months due to the heightened risk which blood loss poses before ... The main risks of prolonged elevated intracranial pressure may include cognitive impairment and impaired vision through ... Surgery is not performed in early childhood in every country; in some countries surgical intervention can take place in the ...
... taking action against those for which the risks outweighed the benefits.[8] In 1988, Congress amended the pesticide ... any risk that is unreasonable to man or the environment that takes social, economic, and environmental costs as well as ... sound science is used to assess risk to the listed species. *there is an attempt at finding means to avoid concerns of listed ... Depending on the category of pesticide, the review process can take several years. After a pesticide is registered with the EPA ...
The result is a low serum antibody level and risk of infections. ... which are taken up by the B cell through receptor-mediated ... and do not take up antigen because they no longer display significant quantities of immunoglobulin on the cell surface.[4] ...
The book takes particular aim at the pharmaceutical market in the United States during the period, citing extensive lists of ... and the increase in canned or packaged foods is cited as evidence of an increasing risk of such synergy effects because of the ...
A risk exists of muscle damage (myopathy and rhabdomyolysis) with statins. Hypercholesterolemia is not a risk factor for ... Omega-3 supplements taken at high doses can reduce levels of triglycerides.[4] They are associated with a very modest increase ... cardiovascular risk, and the liver and kidney functions of the patient, evaluated against the balancing of risks and benefits ... Similar to statins, the risk of muscle damage exists.. *Niacin, like fibrates, is also well suited for lowering triglycerides ...
... taking into account particular risks of hypoglycemia and life expectancy.[68][87][88] Hypoglycemia is associated with adverse ... increases the risk of developing diabetes by 1.5 times and is the greatest risk of the common genetic variants.[13] Most of the ... while medication does not reduce risk after withdrawal.[80] While low vitamin D levels are associated with an increased risk of ... with saturated fats and trans fatty acids increasing the risk, and polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fat decreasing the risk. ...
... or pay for it even if not taken, in what is referred to as the obligation of take-or-pay contract (TOP). ... One of the risks of LNG is a rapid phase transition explosion (RPT), which occurs when cold LNG comes into contact with water.[ ... "LNG: Benefits and Risks of Liquified Natural Gas". Archived from the original on 2013-08-08. Retrieved 2013-02-25.. ... It takes up about 1/600th the volume of natural gas in the gaseous state (at standard conditions for temperature and pressure ...
Network of Climate Change Risks on Forests (FoRisk): SNS Workshop, Umea, Sweden.: 14-15.. ... One approach to managing the disease may be to take branches from resistant trees and graft them to rootstock to produce seeds ... The process of restoring the ash tree population across Europe with resistant trees is likely to take decades.[31] ... "More forest sites infected as ash disease takes hold". London: The Observer. Retrieved 29 October 2012 ...
Because of this "risk-pooling" effect, digital communication systems that use ECC tend to work well above a certain minimum ... more advanced decoding algorithms can take advantage of the error structure and achieve more reliable communication than a ... or taking them out when they are not needed. ...
Furthermore, the drug has to be taken consistently or else users face dangers, meaning that the company has to take into ... Furthermore, it is no longer recommended to use in the United States for initial treatments due to pill burden and risk of ... This study took a look at clinical efficiency of the different treatments. Patients had to have CD4 cell counts less than 200 ... In both cases, the drugs must be taken with plenty of water one or two hours after a meal. It is recommended that users drink ...
"They told me if I took 1000 pills at night I should be quite another thing in the morning", an early 19th-century satire on ... 7 Risks and problems *7.1 Negative outcomes *7.1.1 Adequacy of regulation and CAM safety ... In this case, the words balance and holism are often used alongside complementary or integrative, claiming to take into account ... Even low-risk medications such as antibiotics can have potential to cause life-threatening anaphylactic reactions in a very few ...
Unfortunately, owing to the more aggressive nature of the programs entered in the second round, which were able to take ... took many by surprise. Arrayed against strategies produced by various teams it won in two competitions. After the first ...
Taking a = nq in (1), we obtain:. Pr. (. 1. n. ∑. X. i. ≥. q. ). ≤. inf. t. ,. 0. E. [. ∏. e. t. X. i. ]. e. t. n. q. =. inf. t ... Entropic value at risk. References[edit]. *^ Chernoff, Herman (2014). "A career in statistics" (PDF). In Lin, Xihong; Genest, ... taking t. =. ln. ⁡. (. 1. +. δ. ). ,. 0. {\displaystyle t=\ln(1+\delta ),0}. and a. =. (. 1. +. δ. ). n. p. {\displaystyle a=( ... Chernoff-Hoeffding Theorem. Suppose X1, ..., Xn are i.i.d. random variables, taking values in {0, 1}. Let p = E[Xi] and ε , 0. ...
... also took Ponnary's old family home in the rue Docteur Hahn as a residence, and subsequently also took a villa in the ... Khmer troops deserted the French Army in large numbers and the French government relented, rather than risk a costly, ... Pol Pot took up ideas of orthodox Marxism-Leninism but, contrary to Marx and Lenin's concepts, he believed in the ideal of an ... On taking power, the Khmer Rouge spurned both the Western states and the Soviet Union as sources of support.[301] Instead, ...
Special "all risk"[6] - special-form coverage is the most inclusive of the three options. The difference with "special form" ... After a loss, the insured is expected to take steps to mitigate the loss. Insurance policies typically require that the insurer ... Runyan CW, Bangdiwala SI, Linzer MA, Sacks JJ, Butts J (September 1992). "Risk factors for fatal residential fires". N. Engl. J ... In addition to standard home insurance, some 8 million households in the UK are categorized as being a "non-standard" risk. ...
3 g of CaHMB taken three times a day (1 g each time) is the optimal posology, which allows for continual bioavailability of HMB ... It is currently recommended that patients at risk of or suffering from sarcopenia consume a diet high in protein, engage in ... Muscular atrophy decreases qualities of life as the sufferer becomes unable to perform certain tasks or worsen the risks of ... During the summer period, bears take advantage of the nutrition availability and accumulate muscle protein. The protein balance ...
For a bacterium to bind, take up, and recombine exogenous DNA into its chromosome, it must enter a special physiological state ... risk factors, susceptibility patterns and antimicrobial management". The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal. 14 (9): 751-9. ...
Could someone more familiar with the Somali Civil War take a look at this article, please ? Thanks in advance.) --PFHLai 02:37 ... Should the headline mention that the giant "iceberg" poses a serious risk to oil platforms in its drift path ? (from CBC ... Australian cricketer Shane Warne becomes the first to take 700 test wickets in his final test at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. ... Not really - Warne was taken down and this years biggest event the Champions Trophy was voted not to go up.--HamedogTalk,@ 07: ...
The Doctor takes off with Amy and Rory to the roof of the museum, where he discovers that the "sun" is the still-exploding ... Taking place mainly in a museum, most scenes in the episode were shot at Brangwyn Hall in February 2010. "The Big Bang" was ... The read-through for "The Big Bang" took place on 13 January 2010 in the Upper Boat Studios.[1] The episode was filmed in the ... taking place in "Flesh and Stone" and "The Lodger", were filmed with their respective episodes.[9] The first scenes filmed for ...
... this process did not take place: A-G vecía, Ancarese vecĩa vs. standard veciña '(female) neighbor' (Port. vizinha), A-G úa, ... grammar has established that the exclamation and question marks will appear only at the end of the sentence if there is no risk ... political setup to total political independence from Spain designed to preserve the Galician culture and language from the risk ...
... where the risk to the patient from lack of knowledge about disease progress is much greater than the risk from the test ... Although many investigators took this approach, James Robertson[66] and Zang-Hee Cho[67] were the first to propose a ring ... This tracer is a glucose analog that is taken up by glucose-using cells and phosphorylated by hexokinase (whose mitochondrial ... This means that FDG is trapped in any cell that takes it up until it decays, since phosphorylated sugars, due to their ionic ...
... as indicated by compulsive drug taking despite the desire to stop taking the drug. In the DSM-5, the term addiction is ... De Swert LF (1999). "Risk factors for allergy". Eur. J. Pediatr. 158 (2): 89-94. doi:10.1007/s004310051024. PMID 10048601. ... Moreover, there is increasing evidence that, despite a range of genetic risks for addiction across the population, exposure to ... An associative process may contribute to addiction, for environmental stimuli associated with drug taking may increase craving ...
Cylindrical cells, with the chloroplasts close to the walls of the cell, can take optimal advantage of light. The slight ... Optical masking of chlorophyll by anthocyanins reduces risk of photo-oxidative damage to leaf cells as they senesce, which ... from the cells where it takes place, while major veins are responsible for its transport outside of the leaf. At the same time ...
Education of the general public about the risk factors for Ebola infection and of the protective measures individuals may take ... EVD has a risk of death in those infected of between 25% and 90%.[1][139] As of September 2014[update], the average risk of ... Health-care workers treating people with Ebola are at greatest risk of infection.[59] The risk increases when they do not have ... The CDC recommends monitoring for the symptoms of Ebola disease for those both at "low risk" and at higher risk.[123] ...
If the federal match expenditure is also counted, the program, on average, takes up 22% of each state's budget.[83][84] Some 43 ... The states pay a monthly capitated rate per member to the MCOs that provide comprehensive care and accept the risk of managing ... This rule will enable states to take in greater revenues, limiting financial losses associated with the program. Estimates ...
Incubation takes 27 to 28 days and fledging takes 50 to 60 days. The ducklings are precocial and fully capable of swimming as ... Niels C., Rattenborg (1999). "Half-awake to the risk of predation". Nature. 397 (6718): 397-398. Bibcode:1999Natur.397..397R. ... Incubation takes 27-28 days and fledging takes 50-60 days.[77][79] The ducklings are precocial and fully capable of swimming as ... When taking off, the wings of a mallard produce a characteristic faint whistling noise.[38] ...
Humans may have taken part in long-distance trade between bands for rare commodities and raw materials (such as stone needed ... which allowed them a more nutritious diet and a decreased risk of famine.[21][23][67] Many of the famines experienced by ... Much evidence exists that humans took part in long-distance trade between bands for rare commodities (such as ochre, which was ... with meat likely taking a back seat to plants.[118] It is also unlikely that Paleolithic hunter-gatherers were affected by ...
At the N-terminal end is the A-domain, which is rich in acidic amino acids and takes up about half the protein length.[38][48] ... When replication forks form, the strand not being copied is single stranded, and thus at risk for A → G deamination. Therefore ... Many became exaptations, taking on new functions like participating in cell division, protein routing, and even disease ... The Toc34 protein can then take up another molecule of GTP and begin the cycle again.[38] ...
Especially in commercial buildings (such as offices or factories), these can be extremely intricate systems taking up large ... Natural Hazards and Risk. 0 (2): 1524-1537. doi:10.1080/19475705.2017.1347896. ISSN 1947-5705.. ...
Notes on Attitude Toward Risk Taking and the Exponential Utility Function These notes summarize useful concepts for analyzing ... toward risk taking in decision analysis. The exponential utility function is emphasized, and conditions are reviewed under ... TeX DVI format: The Notes in TeX DVI format are in a ZIP archive risk.zip (83,213 bytes). This contains the Notes in TeX DVI ... Adobe PDF format: Download risk.pdf (182,392 bytes) and display or print using Adobe Acrobat Reader. Acrobat Reader are ...
... you are at high risk for meningococcal disease, even if youve been vaccinated. ... If you take a complement inhibitor like eculizumab orravulizumab, ... If You Take a Complement Inhibitor, You Are at High Risk for Meningococcal Disease Even if Vaccinated. Recent data suggest that ... If you take a complement inhibitor you are at 1,000 to 2,000 times greater risk for getting meningococcal disease compared to ...
... Dominique Demougin, Hans-Werner Sinn. NBER Working Paper No. 4205 (Also ... This paper studies alternative methods of privatizing a formerly communist firm in the presence of imperfect risk markets. The ...
Taking Risk Management Theory Seriously. George Chacko, Peter Tufano, Geoffrey Verter. NBER Working Paper No. 7748. Issued in ... Taking Risk Management Theory Seriously," Journal of Financial Economics, 2001, v60(2-3,May), 449-485. ... w13240 Risk Shifting versus Risk Management: Investment Policy in Corporate Pension Plans. ... w9806 Transparency, Risk Management and International Financial Fragility. Kotchen and Grant. w14429 Does Daylight Saving Time ...
Risk taking differences Entreprenuer had a story this week suggesting that women and men take risks differently, which I think ... The risks he said women take are important, but have no impact on the bottom line where it matters. Check out the article, and ...
Information for clinicians about managing the risk of meningococcal disease among patients who receive complement inhibitor ... People taking complement inhibitors are at increased risk for meningococcal disease. The risk in eculizumab recipients is 1,000 ... For Patients: Taking Complement Inhibitors Increases Your Risk for Meningococcal Disease. *Atypical Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome ( ... Taking Complement Inhibitors Increases the Risk of Meningococcal Disease. ...
Women are not exactly known for taking risks. Especially in the wake of the economic recession, womens supposed restraint has ... But the idea that women are biologically risk-averse is a myth. In fact, womens tendency to take fewer risks than men is much ... We tend to view risk-taking negatively, often regarding it as dangerous and even unwise. But while some risks certainly dont ... that you only learn when you are at risk and Im fascinated by both risk and learning, so that has led me to take jobs that ...
The researchers noticed that after the subjects observed the actions of a peer, their preferences for risk-taking or risk- ... is the first to demonstrate that a neural response to risk is altered in response to changes in risk-taking behavior. ... Why do we sometimes decide to take risks and other times choose to play it safe? In a new study, Caltech researchers explored ... The work provides an explanation of how our own risk-taking behaviors can be influenced simply by observing the behaviors of ...
Although some people believe that taking selenium can reduce a persons risk of cancer, a Cochrane Systematic Review of ... "Taking Additional Selenium Will Not Reduce Cancer Risk." Medical News Today. MediLexicon, Intl., 10 May. 2011. Web.. 22 Jan. ... Although some people believe that taking selenium can reduce a persons risk of cancer, a Cochrane Systematic Review of ... Personal income may increase risk of heart disease A new study links fluctuating income to cardiovascular risk. The team found ...
... In their latest study, Dr Tim Gamble and Dr Ian Walker found that ... Risk taking and sensation-seeking behaviour. For their latest study published recently in the journal Psychological Science, Dr ... This is the first suggestion that a safety device might make people take risks in a totally different domain." ... Replicated in real-life settings, this could mean that people using protective equipment might take risks against which that ...
... Inequality Squares Up With Brain Function, Behavior. Findings on the cognitive, behavioral, and emotional effects ... Risk Taking. New Research From Psychological Science. A sample of research exploring competition and inequality, religiosity ... Risk Taking. New Research From Psychological Science. A sample of research exploring linguistic synchrony in providing ... Findings from a risk-taking game show that, when forced to make a decision that benefits either a parent or a close friend, ...
Finally, the distributional effects of interest rates on bank risk-taking due to individual bank characteristics reveal that ... the low interest-rate environment of the early to mid 2000s is viewed as an element that triggered increased risk-taking ... banks over the period 2001-2008 and presents strong empirical evidence that low interest rates indeed increase bank risk-taking ... for the potential endogeneity of interest rates and/or the dynamics of bank risk. Notably, among the banks of the large euro ...
We also find that institutional investors risk taking is determined by their risk bearing capacity, where this risk bearing ... insurers take substantially less investment risk than pension funds, even though a market risk capital charge for insurers is ... stock insurers are found to take significantly more investment risk than mutual insurers. ... capacity depends on capital, size, reinsurance, underwriting risk and human and financial wealth per pension plan participant. ...
Teams that use this approach become more productive, Duhigg says, as members share ideas and feel empowered to take risks. ... 5 Priceless Lessons In Collaboration, Risk Taking, And Motivation. Best-selling author Charles Duhigg offers lessons from ... How I took control of my to-do list by using this simple (but effective) productivity hack. Work Life. This is what kind of ...
Coplan Takes Risks (French: Coplan prend des risques) is a 1964 spy film directed by Maurice Labro and starring Dominique ... Coplan Takes Risks at IMDb v t e. ...
... By Stacey Michalak. The 700 Club. CBN.com I believe that theres a whole world of people ... He loves that I take risks. In fact, He made me that way for a reason. It was so much more than just confessing things to my ... It was horrible for her to miss her kids and wonder how they were going to be taken care of. Yeah, I just wouldnt wish that on ... I got married and life took off again. I was trying to outrun deep feelings of grief. I was very angry. I was very difficult to ...
The Flaws That Refresh: A Risk-Taking Renee Fleming. By Philip Kennicott ... Fleming is a smart tourist of song, a sensible risk-taker of the "Ill try anything once" variety, but someone who always finds ... Shes grown in recent years, yet on Tuesday, the surprise was imperfection, some admirable risks and a few authentic flaws. Her ...
UBS has admitted that its thirst for profit coupled with poor risk control was to blame for its vast credit losses, ahead of ... There appears to have been a lack of challenge on the risk and reward to business area plans within the investment bank at a ... UBS has admitted that its thirst for profit coupled with poor risk control was to blame for its vast credit losses, ahead of ... It added: "Especially when compared to discussions of risk issues". The review found that the troubled bank had allowed the ...
Six risks to take into consideration when you manage the 529 plan that lets you put away tax-advantaged money to help your kids ... 529 Risks to Take (Or Not). Avoid these 6 pitfalls to maximize your 529 savings plan. ... Risk # 6: Youre Not Good About Saving Money You are probably the biggest risk to your childrens chances of graduating without ... This targeted strategy does not remove all risk, but it does minimize risk intelligently and automatically. ...
However, there are no gender differences in actual risk-taking behavior. ... Bohlin concludes that the existential dimensions must be included in research on risk-taking and preventative work. Risk-taking ... However, there are no gender differences in actual risk-taking behaviour.. In her doctoral thesis Music and Risk in an ... That may motivate them to try to balance their risk-taking so that they dont risk their health. ...
"Bob Hope Takes Risks" - 7:01 "Hey Mr E! A Gran Grin With a Shake of Smile" - 5:11 Adapted from the Bob Hope Takes Risks liner ... "Bob Hope Takes Risks" is a song by the English post-punk band Rip Rig + Panic. It was released as a single on 27 November 1981 ... UK 7" single (VS 468) "Bob Hope Takes Risks" - 3:53 "Hey Mr E! A Gran Grin With a Shake of Smile" - 5:11 UK 12" single (VS 468( ... 1981.CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link) "Bob Hope Takes Risks" at Discogs (list of releases). ...
Sergio Aguero is not taking any shortcuts as he bids to prove his fitness for Manchester Citys clash with champions Chelsea on ... Aguero taking risk-free approach. Sergio Aguero is being eased back into action by Manuel Pellegrini. ... "With the whole season in mind, what matters the most is that I get in top form and dont take any risks." ... Im trying to get there and be in top condition, but arriving for pre-season later having taken part in the Copa America with ...
Taking paracetamol during pregnancy may increase the risk of developing a congenital disorder of... ... USA], Nov 25 (ANI): Mommies-to-be please take note! ... Taking paracetamol during pregnancy ups risk of neurological ... USA], Nov 25 (ANI): Mommies-to-be please take note! Taking paracetamol during pregnancy may increase the risk of developing a ... Taking paracetamol during pregnancy ups risk of neurological disorders in babies. Source : ...
Some respondents admitted that their organization knowingly takes compliance risks. ... Companies Take Risks With Compliance. Compliance Disconnect. Only 46% of survey respondents feel their organizations ... Companies Take Risks With Compliance * By Samuel Greengard. , Posted 2012-10-09 ... Nearly one in three respondents admitted that their organization knowingly takes compliance risks. "Data breaches are more ...
Risk Love. I am reminded of Ghosts of Girlfriends Past which takes from the story A Christmas Carol about the choices we make ... Connor Mead: Youve got to risk love, Sandra! I didnt and look at me! Im a lonely ghost of a man. It doesnt mean that youre ... I would rather enter a relationship with a long-term friend after our platonic bond takes a turn towards romantic than attempt ... Find what we want and march him/her through the check-out and just take them home! ...
But Im not sure what readers are to take away from this article. Is the thesis about taking risks or about working for the ... "Risk"? Thats probably one of the most conservative things you can do. In my opinion, taking a risk would be going to work at a ... Taking a Risk, Reaping the Rewards. written by GRS Readers - published 07 August 2011. (updated 24 June 2019. ) 44 Comments ... Taking a risk by moving to a new state and starting a new job has paid off well for us. Were better off financially, and also ...
... risk-taking, and household portfolio behavior. [James M Poterba; National Bureau of Economic Research.] ... Taxation, risk-taking, and household portfolio behavior. Author:. James M Poterba; National Bureau of Economic Research.. ... schema:name "Taxation, risk-taking, and household portfolio behavior"@en ;. schema:productID "47249520" ;. schema:publication < ... Taxation, risk-taking, and household portfolio behavior/James M Poterba; National Bureau of Economic Research.; Cambridge, MA ...
... far outweighs the risk of them picking up injuries during the Twenty20 tournament. ... "That is the slight risk you take when you make people available for a chunk of cricket that is outside the international ... "Injuries are part and parcel of life, but on one hand you weigh up the potential risk and on the other you ask what they can ... All-rounder Ben Stokes returned from his impressive maiden IPL stint to help England take an unassailable 2-0 lead in a one-day ...
... preferring low risks to high risks, as well as ambiguity aversion (17), preferring known risks to unknown risks. Risk and ... 2007) Risk-taking and the adolescent brain: Who is at risk? Dev Sci 10:F8-F14. ... 1986) Accident risk and risk-taking behaviour among young drivers. Accid Anal Prev 18:255-271. ... 2003) Evaluation of the Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) as a predictor of adolescent real-world risk-taking behaviours. J ...
How can you detect a guy with Gold Fever? Can it be cured? Come on down to Steves World for an acoustic take on Gold Mining ... Veteran diver Cody Moen prepares to takes a turn under the ice, hoping to grow the Shamrocks pile of gold, but hes in for a ... Despite the risks, captain Kris throws caution to the wind.WWW… ... Despite the risks, captain Kris throws caution to the wind.WWW… ...

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