Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.
An island in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is San Juan. It is a self-governing commonwealth in union with the United States. It was discovered by Columbus in 1493 but no colonization was attempted until 1508. It belonged to Spain until ceded to the United States in 1898. It became a commonwealth with autonomy in internal affairs in 1952. Columbus named the island San Juan for St. John's Day, the Monday he arrived, and the bay Puerto Rico, rich harbor. The island became Puerto Rico officially in 1932. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p987 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p436)
Telephone surveys are conducted to monitor prevalence of the major behavioral risks among adults associated with premature MORBIDITY and MORTALITY. The data collected is in regard to actual behaviors, rather than on attitudes or knowledge. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) established the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) in 1984.
A republic in western Africa, lying between GHANA on its west and BENIN on its east. Its capital is Lome.
Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.
A voluntary organization concerned with the prevention and treatment of heart and vascular diseases.
The prevention of recurrences or exacerbations of a disease or complications of its therapy.
The local recurrence of a neoplasm following treatment. It arises from microscopic cells of the original neoplasm that have escaped therapeutic intervention and later become clinically visible at the original site.
Persons who have experienced a prolonged survival after serious disease or who continue to live with a usually life-threatening condition as well as family members, significant others, or individuals surviving traumatic life events.
Persons living in the United States having origins in any of the black groups of Africa.
Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.
The practice of making choices about SEXUAL PARTNERS based on their HIV status.
The return of a sign, symptom, or disease after a remission.
In humans, one of the paired regions in the anterior portion of the THORAX. The breasts consist of the MAMMARY GLANDS, the SKIN, the MUSCLES, the ADIPOSE TISSUE, and the CONNECTIVE TISSUES.
A form of bronchial disorder with three distinct components: airway hyper-responsiveness (RESPIRATORY HYPERSENSITIVITY), airway INFLAMMATION, and intermittent AIRWAY OBSTRUCTION. It is characterized by spasmodic contraction of airway smooth muscle, WHEEZING, and dyspnea (DYSPNEA, PAROXYSMAL).
Drugs that are used to treat asthma.
The administration of drugs by the respiratory route. It includes insufflation into the respiratory tract.
Evaluation undertaken to assess the results or consequences of management and procedures used in combating disease in order to determine the efficacy, effectiveness, safety, and practicability of these interventions in individual cases or series.
Therapy with two or more separate preparations given for a combined effect.
Agents that cause an increase in the expansion of a bronchus or bronchial tubes.
The ability to attribute mental states (e.g., beliefs, desires, feelings, intentions, thoughts, etc.) to self and to others, allowing an individual to understand and infer behavior on the basis of the mental states. Difference or deficit in theory of mind is associated with ASPERGER SYNDROME; AUTISTIC DISORDER; and SCHIZOPHRENIA, etc.
An acquired organic mental disorder with loss of intellectual abilities of sufficient severity to interfere with social or occupational functioning. The dysfunction is multifaceted and involves memory, behavior, personality, judgment, attention, spatial relations, language, abstract thought, and other executive functions. The intellectual decline is usually progressive, and initially spares the level of consciousness.
Facilities which administer the delivery of health care services to people living in a community or neighborhood.
The level of health of the individual, group, or population as subjectively assessed by the individual or by more objective measures.
The state wherein the person is well adjusted.
Acquired or learned responses which are regularly manifested.
Complex mental function having four distinct phases: (1) memorizing or learning, (2) retention, (3) recall, and (4) recognition. Clinically, it is usually subdivided into immediate, recent, and remote memory.

Retirement is no excuse for physical inactivity or isolation. (1/1834)

At all age levels and especially in the elderly population, a sedentary lifestyle and low fitness levels are independent risk factors for all causes of mortality, including cardiovascular mortality. Exercise improves cardiovascular outcomes by increasing vagal activity and attenuating sympathetic hyperactivity. The risk of diabetes mellitus type 2 developing is reduced by 40% in men of normal weight and 60% in overweight men when on a regular exercise program. Physical activity in the elderly sustains cerebral perfusion, maintaining cognitive function. Isolation, which is not uncommon among the elderly, fosters cognitive decline. Stimulating mental activity can protect against dementia.  (+info)

Accuracy of responses from postal surveys about continuing medical education and information behavior: experiences from a survey among German diabetologists. (2/1834)

BACKGROUND: Postal surveys are a popular instrument for studies about continuing medical education habits. But little is known about the accuracy of responses in such surveys. The objective of this study was to quantify the magnitude of inaccurate responses in a postal survey among physicians. METHODS: A sub-analysis of a questionnaire about continuing medical education habits and information management was performed. The five variables used for the quantitative analysis are based on a question about the knowledge of a fictitious technical term and on inconsistencies in contingency tables of answers to logically connected questions. RESULTS: Response rate was 52%. Non-response bias is possible but seems not very likely since an association between demographic variables and inconsistent responses could not be found. About 10% of responses were inaccurate according to the definition. CONCLUSION: It was shown that a sub-analysis of a questionnaire makes a quantification of inaccurate responses in postal surveys possible. This sub-analysis revealed that a notable portion of responses in a postal survey about continuing medical education habits and information management was inaccurate.  (+info)

Physician perceptions of primary prevention: qualitative base for the conceptual shaping of a practice intervention tool. (3/1834)

BACKGROUND: A practice intervention must have its basis in an understanding of the physician and practice to secure its benefit and relevancy. We used a formative process to characterize primary care physician attitudes, needs, and practice obstacles regarding primary prevention. The characterization will provide the conceptual framework for the development of a practice tool to facilitate routine delivery of primary preventive care. METHODS: A focus group of primary care physician Opinion Leaders was audio-taped, transcribed, and qualitatively analyzed to identify emergent themes that described physicians' perceptions of prevention in daily practice. RESULTS: The conceptual worth of primary prevention, including behavioral counseling, was high, but its practice was significantly countered by the predominant clinical emphasis on and rewards for secondary care. In addition, lack of health behavior training, perceived low self-efficacy, and patient resistance to change were key deterrents to primary prevention delivery. Also, the preventive focus in primary care is not on cancer, but on predominant chronic nonmalignant conditions. CONCLUSIONS: The success of the future practice tool will be largely dependent on its ability to "fit" primary prevention into the clinical culture of diagnoses and treatment sustained by physicians, patients, and payers. The tool's message output must be formatted to facilitate physician delivery of patient-tailored behavioral counseling in an accurate, confident, and efficacious manner. Also, the tool's health behavior messages should be behavior-specific, not disease-specific, to draw on shared risk behaviors of numerous diseases and increase the likelihood of perceived salience and utility of the tool in primary care.  (+info)

Regular use of aspirin and pancreatic cancer risk. (4/1834)

BACKGROUND: Regular use of aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has been consistently associated with reduced risk of colorectal cancer and adenoma, and there is some evidence for a protective effect for other types of cancer. As experimental studies reveal a possible role for NSAIDs is reducing the risk of pancreatic cancer, epidemiological studies examining similar associations in human populations become more important. METHODS: In this hospital-based case-control study, 194 patients with pancreatic cancer were compared to 582 age and sex-matched patients with non-neoplastic conditions to examine the association between aspirin use and risk of pancreatic cancer. All participants received medical services at the Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, NY and completed a comprehensive epidemiologic questionnaire that included information on demographics, lifestyle factors and medical history as well as frequency and duration of aspirin use. Patients using at least one tablet per week for at least six months were classified as regular aspirin users. Unconditional logistic regression was used to compute crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Pancreatic cancer risk in aspirin users was not changed relative to non-users (adjusted OR = 1.00; 95% CI 0.72-1.39). No significant change in risk was found in relation to greater frequency or prolonged duration of use, in the total sample or in either gender. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that regular aspirin use may not be associated with lower risk of pancreatic cancer.  (+info)

HIV infection and pregnancy status among adults attending voluntary counseling and testing in 2 developing countries. (5/1834)

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the impact of HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) on reproduction planning among 1634 adults in 2 sub-Saharan countries. METHODS: Data were obtained from a multisite randomized controlled trial. RESULTS: At 6 months post-VCT, the women more likely to be pregnant were younger (odds ratio [OR] = 2.5; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.0, 6.5), not using contraceptives (OR = 0.1; 95% CI = 0.1, 0.3), and HIV infected (OR = 3.0; 95% CI = 1.3, 7.0). An interaction emerged linking pregnancy intention at baseline and HIV serostatus with pregnancy at follow-up (OR = 0.1; 95% CI =.0, 0.4) Partner pregnancy rates did not differ by HIV serostatus among men. CONCLUSIONS: HIV diagnosis may influence reproduction planning for women but not for men.  (+info)

Reductions in injury crashes associated with red light camera enforcement in oxnard, california. (6/1834)

OBJECTIVES: This study estimated the impact of red light camera enforcement on motor vehicle crashes in one of the first US communities to employ such cameras-Oxnard, California. METHODS: Crash data were analyzed for Oxnard and for 3 comparison cities. Changes in crash frequencies were compared for Oxnard and control cities and for signalized and nonsignalized intersections by means of a generalized linear regression model. RESULTS: Overall, crashes at signalized intersections throughout Oxnard were reduced by 7% and injury crashes were reduced by 29%. Right-angle crashes, those most associated with red light violations, were reduced by 32%; right-angle crashes involving injuries were reduced by 68%. CONCLUSIONS: Because red light cameras can be a permanent component of the transportation infrastructure, crash reductions attributed to camera enforcement should be sustainable.  (+info)

Will screening mammography in the East do more harm than good? (7/1834)

OBJECTIVES: We sought to systematically review the evidence for population-based mammography as applied to a Chinese population. METHODS: Primary reports for meta-analysis were identified by a search of MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library. Outcome measures included breast cancer-related mortality, the number needed to be screened to prevent 1 death, and the positive predictive value of mammography. RESULTS: Pooled relative risk for breast cancer-related death in the screened group was 0.80 (95% confidence interval = 0.71, 0.90). Applied to Hong Kong, this figure translates into a number needed to screen of 1 302 healthy women screened annually for 10 years to prevent 1 death. CONCLUSIONS: Evidence is insufficient to justify population-based breast cancer screening by mammography for women in Hong Kong and other Asian populations with low breast cancer prevalence.  (+info)

A stage model for assessing a community-based diabetes prevention program in Sweden. (8/1834)

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, with a prevalence of at least 4% in Sweden. Aiming at primary prevention of the disease, the Stockholm Diabetes Prevention Program (SDPP) was developed as a joint program between the Departments of Endocrinology, Social Medicine and Epidemiology at the Karolinska Institute. The program was designed to include three stages, i.e. a combined baseline and aetiological study, a community-based intervention program and a follow-up study after 10 years. In 1995, the intervention program was initiated in Stockholm County with the aim of reducing the incidence of type 2 diabetes. The intervention has focused on the whole adult population in three intervention municipalities, where the local authorities have been involved in planning, initiating and implementing the program. Activities to prevent diabetes, aiming at risk factors such as obesity, low physical activity, dietary habits and tobacco use, have been initiated together with people from different fields and backgrounds, and with different ideas and approaches to health promotion and diabetes prevention. This paper provides a description and reflects upon the development and implementation process of SDPP as well as its interaction with the intervention communities. The stage model that was used for planning SDPP will be used for describing the various phases of the program. Over the period of the program, interest and responsibility has grown at the municipal authorities. The program has been a concern for the municipalities, as the program intermediate goals are also important for other health promotion issues.  (+info)

Title:Sexual Risk Reduction Interventions for HIV Prevention among South AfricanYouth: A Meta-Analytic Review. VOLUME: 11 ISSUE: 7. Author(s):Lori A.J. Scott-Sheldon, Paige Walstrom, Abigail Harrison, Seth C. Kalichman and Michael P. Carey. Affiliation:The Miriam Hospital, Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, CORO West, Suite 309, 164 Summit Ave., Providence, RI 02906, USA.. Keywords:HIV, intervention, meta-analysis, sex, South Africa, youth.. Abstract:Objectives: To examine the efficacy of sexual risk reduction interventions among South African youth. Methods: Electronic databases were searched to identify studies published between 2007 and early 2013. Studies were eligible if they (1) targeted youth age 9-26, (2) evaluated sexual risk reduction interventions and (3) reported at least one behavioral outcome. Independent raters coded study characteristics, and intervention content. Weighted mean effect sizes were calculated; positive effect sizes indicated less sexual risk behavior ...
Incarcerated adolescents represent a group at high risk for health consequences associated with risky sexual behaviors. Condom use is more common with non-main than main sex partners and substance use in conjunction with sexual risk also appears to vary by partner type. The research team will conduct a small randomized trial to pilot test a partner-specific HIV risk reduction intervention for currently or recently incarcerated adolescents who report problematic substance use. Participants will be randomized to a 5 session HIV risk reduction group intervention based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills model, or a 5 session healthy lifestyles psychoeducation intervention, and then reassessed 3 months after their access to the general community is reinstated. The main hypothesis is that participants in the HIV risk reduction intervention condition will have lower levels of sex-related HIV risk behavior and of substance use in conjunction with sexual risk, relative to those in a healthy ...
Incarcerated adolescents represent a group at high risk for health consequences associated with risky sexual behaviors. Condom use is more common with non-main than main sex partners and substance use in conjunction with sexual risk also appears to vary by partner type. The research team will conduct a small randomized trial to pilot test a partner-specific HIV risk reduction intervention for currently or recently incarcerated adolescents who report problematic substance use. Participants will be randomized to a 5 session HIV risk reduction group intervention based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills model, or a 5 session healthy lifestyles psychoeducation intervention, and then reassessed 3 months after their access to the general community is reinstated. The main hypothesis is that participants in the HIV risk reduction intervention condition will have lower levels of sex-related HIV risk behavior and of substance use in conjunction with sexual risk, relative to those in a healthy ...
In this study, oxygen reduction behavior of TiH2 powders during dehydrogenation process was investigated based on thermodynamics. During the hydrogenation–dehydrogenation (HDH) method to fabricate Ti powder, TiH2 was formed from a Ti sponge through hydrogenation annealing, and was easily pulverized even by ball milling due to its brittle nature. The ball milling process caused an increase in the oxygen concentration from 0.133 to 0.282 wt %, and transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron Spectroscopy results demonstrated that the formation of oxide layers such as TiO and TiO2 formed on the surface of the TiH2 powder resulted in the higher oxygen content. Dehydrogenation, which is the process originally conducted to eliminate hydrogen from TiH2, was used to remove and/or reduce oxygen, resulting in the reduction of the oxygen concentration from 0.282 to 0.216 wt %. Thermodynamic calculations confirmed the possibility of oxygen reduction by atomic hydrogen but molecular hydrogen has no
Adult, Aged, Antihypertensive Agents, Biomarkers, Blood Pressure, Cardiology, Cardiovascular Agents, Cardiovascular Diseases, Chronic Disease, Delivery of Health Care, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Diabetic Angiopathies, Diagnostic Imaging, Diet, Drug Combinations, Early Diagnosis, Electronic Health Records, Evidence-Based Medicine, Exercise, Female, General Practice, Health Promotion, Hospitalization, Humans, Hypercholesterolemia, Hypertension, Life Style, Lipids, Male, Medication Adherence, Middle Aged, Nurses Role, Obesity, Patient Selection, Physicians Role, Primary Health Care, Prognosis, Risk Assessment, Risk Reduction Behavior, Self Care, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Smoking Prevention, Socioeconomic Factors, Stress, Psychological. ...
February - Heart Health. Heart disease remains the number one killer of both men and women in the United States.1 While heart disease is often viewed as something to worry about when you get older, an estimated six in 10 preventable heart disease and stroke deaths happen to people under age 65.2 That is OVER HALF! The key risk factors for heart disease are high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking. The good news is that heart health can be improved at any age by eating a nutritious diet, exercising most days of the week, maintaining a healthy weight, and quitting tobacco. This toolbox contains resources to help find tips and strategies that have proven effective. Fortunately, these same risk reduction behaviors pertain to nearly all chronic conditions. You can promote better health by using the materials located in the toolbox for activities, education, and programs. Remember, its never too late to start protecting heart health. ...
Download The Portfolio Diet For Cardiovascular Disease Risk Reduction Full Book, Available in PDF, ePub, Tuebl, Textbook and Kindle. Read Online FREE book in a
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed invasive cancer among women. Many factors, both genetic and non-genetic, determine a womans risk of developing breast cancer and several breast cancer risk prediction models have been proposed. It is vitally important to risk stratify patients as there are now effective preventive strategies available. All women need to be counseled regarding healthy lifestyle recommendations to decrease breast cancer risk. As such, management of these women requires healthcare professionals to be familiar with additional risk factors so that timely recommendations can be made on surveillance/risk-reducing strategies. Breast cancer risk reduction strategies can be better understood by encouraging the women at risk to participate in clinical trials to test new strategies for decreasing the risk. This article reviews the advances in the identification of women at high risk of developing breast cancer and also reviews the strategies available for breast cancer prevention.
Context: The burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) continues to be a public health concern. Workplace interventions that focus on modifying lifestyle habits may reduce CVD risk factors in people at risk. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention program that integrated dietary modification, physical activity, stress management, and behavior modification counseling to reduce the risk of CVD in at-risk adults. Methods: Twelve 1-year cohorts who participated in a comprehensive employer-sponsored lifestyle intervention program targeting diet, exercise, behavior modification, and stress management between 2006 and 2010 at a rural university in Appalachian Ohio were studied. Body composition, fasting glucose and lipid levels, and maximal oxygen consumption were measured at baseline, after 100 days, and at 1 year. Repeated-measures analyses of variance were conducted to compare measures at baseline with measures at 100 days and at 1 year. Results: Seventy-four ...
Dive into the research topics of Projected impact of polypill use among US adults: Medication use, cardiovascular risk reduction, and side effects. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
To review human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk reduction interventions among injecting drug users (IDUs) that have adopted a network approach.,The design and outcomes of selected network-based interventions among IDUs are reviewed using the network concepts of the dyad (two-person relationship), the personal risk network (an index person and all of his or her relationship), and the sociometric network (the complete set of relations between people in a population) and community.,In a dyad intervention among HIV-serodiscordant couples, many of which included IDUs, there were no HIV seroconversions. Participants in personal risk network interventions were more likely to reduce drug risks and in some of these interventions, sexual risks, than were participants in individual-based interventions. Sociometric network interventions reached more IDUs and may be more cost-effective than individual-based interventions.,Network-based HIV risk reduction interventions among IDUs, and others at risk for ...
This study investigated the impact of HeartMaths Power to Change Performance stress and health risk reduction program on physiological and psychological stress and health risk factors in a sample of correctional peace officers. Eighty-eight officers from three facilities were randomized to an experimental group and a wait-list control group. The experimental group participated in the stress and health risk reduction program, which was delivered over two consecutive days. The program included instruction on health risk factors as well as training in positive emotion-focused stress reduction techniques intended to reduce negative emotional arousal, improve physiological balance, increase positive affect, and enhance performance. Learning and practice of the techniques was enhanced by heart rate variability feedback, which helped participants learn to self-generate physiological coherence, a beneficial mode associated with increased efficiency and synchronization in the functioning of physiological
My previous blog on consent touched briefly on the topic of power differentials conferred by hierarchical social positions, which I think warrants further examination on how it impacts sexual violence prevention. Interventions that target individual actions, behaviors, and knowledge are known as risk-reduction strategies. Such strategies rely on the individual capacity to protect oneself from…
The Section for Preventive Cardiology and Rehabilitation helps those who already have heart and vascular disease and those who are at high risk of developing it with programs that include nutritional services, prescriptive exercise programs, stress testing, multiple cardiovascular risk reduction programs, peripheral vascular rehabilitation program in collaboration with Vascular Medicine, comprehensive cardiovascular care for women, and educational programs for patients and healthcare providers.
The Section for Preventive Cardiology and Rehabilitation helps those who already have heart and vascular disease and those who are at high risk of developing it with programs that include nutritional services, prescriptive exercise programs, stress testing, multiple cardiovascular risk reduction programs, peripheral vascular rehabilitation program in collaboration with Vascular Medicine, comprehensive cardiovascular care for women, and educational programs for patients and healthcare providers.
Background: The University of Pittsburgh HIV/AIDS program provides care to over 1,500 HIV-infected persons. MSM and MSM who use injection drugs (MSM-IDU) represent 58% of the clinic population. Since 2010, there has been a steady increase in new syphilis diagnoses from 1.5% to 4% with the majority of cases representing re-infection. The CDC RESPECT protocol was adapted for implementation with HIV-positive MSM to reduce high-risk sexual behaviors through client-centered discussions.. Methods: This is a longitudinal descriptive research project intended to inform on: (1) the feasibility of implementing RESPECT using a peer counselor; (2) the compendium of client-identified risk reduction strategies, and; (3) the effectiveness of risk reduction strategies.. Results: Between 9/29/2010 through 7/9/2012, 161 non-duplicated clients were referred to RESPECT. Unsafe oral sex was the predominant sexual risk category (73.1%) followed by unsafe sex involving friends with benefits, group sex, or sex with a ...
The health effects of where people live, work, and interact are well documented, as are the value of neighborhood-level structural interventions designed to improve health. But place-based characteristics that contribute to disparities in HIV transmission and disease burden are poorly understood, possibly resulting in less-effective HIV risk reduction interventions and programming.. ...
Organizations can create a successful risk reduction program by clearly defining and adhering to processes for reporting, investigating and addressing the causes of accidents.. ...
Click Here to Purchase Tickets // GSI TRRP Training 2019 WHO & WHAT:Texas Risk Reduction Program regulations (TRRP; 30 TAC 350) establish con...
Those with ≥150 min per week in moderated or vigorous activities were low risk while those with less than 150 or sedentary activity were higher risk.
To deploy effective COVID-19 prevention and risk reduction strategies, its important to learn the immune response to COVID-19. Heres what we know.
© 2017, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Purpose: The purpose of this section is to provide a detailed review of high-risk lesions and their associated risk of upgrade at surgical excision in order to guide in management and appropriate risk reduction strategies. Recent Findings:
The Institute for Diabetes Research and Metabolic Diseases IDM, Tübingen Lifestyle Intervention Program TULIP, International Graduate Program 1302
This report summarizes the collaborative efforts, activities and progress of the Pesticide Risk Reduction Program since 2003 in developing and implementing a reduced-risk strategy to manage Ascochyta blight disease of chickpea in Canada. The Programs Ascochyta blight strategy was developed in collaboration with pulse industry representatives including grower groups, commodity experts, researchers, and government specialists.. The objective of this strategy is to reduce risks to humans and to the environment from pesticides used to control Ascochyta blight in chickpea, while helping growers to ensure viable disease management and farm profitability. Within this strategy, pesticide risks and pest management issues are identified, reduced-risk solutions to address these issues are discussed and prioritized, and a plan of actions to support the strategy implementation is developed and carried out.. Chickpea is an important pulse crop in western Canada and is a priority commodity for the Program. ...
The electrochemical properties of two Ni(NNN)X2 pincer complexes are reported where X = Cl or Br and NNN is N,N′-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)bis-aldiminopyridine. Cyclic voltammetry under 1 atm of CO2 suggests electrocatalytic CO2 reduction activity, however, bulk electrolysis shows a poor Faradaic efficiency for
Bhatt DL, Steg G, Miller M, et al. Cardiovascular Risk Reduction with Icosapent Ethyl for Hypertriglyceridemia. N Engl J Med. 2019;380:11-22. https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1812792
When the program participants were compared to their control group peers, the program participants had, on average, a 35% lower risk of having Chlamydia than the control participants (RR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.98; P=.04). Overall, participants in the program condition had higher self-reported condom use during sexual activity in the previous 14 days (P=.004) and 60 days (P
Solicitations of bids for specific implementation projects are posted on the government procurement website, Buyandsell.gc.ca, periodically as the requirements are developed by strategy implementation working groups. Emphasis is on projects that will lead to adoption of reduced-risk pest management tools or systems, and can be implemented within a relatively short timeframe of about three years.. Postings may include requirements for research and demonstration trials, workshops, strategy support (literature reviews, development of a strategic plan, measurement of risk reduction, etc.), and others for implementation of reduced-risk pest management solutions.. For more information, please contact:. Leslie ...
As mentioned, cultural factors may strongly influence risk behaviors of Latinos. For example, machismo may make it more difficult for Latinas to discuss condoms with their partners.(37) This issue was investigated by Suarez-Al-Adam et al.(38) in a sub-sample of Latinas who participated in a larger-scale intervention that recruited participants from sexually transmitted disease clinics and social service agencies in New Jersey.(39) All of the Latinas were recruited from social service agencies. More than half (60%) of the Latina participants had been born in Puerto Rico, 18% were from the U.S., another 18% had been born in Latin America and 4% from the Caribbean. Eighty-three percent of the women chose to be interviewed in English. The investigation compared 2 interventions that both took place over 7 sessions and were conducted in small, all-female groups. The control intervention consisted of a health-promotion information, and the experimental group received an HIV risk-reduction intervention. ...
The massive outbreak of cholera in 2008 that affected over 100 000 people and killed 4 000 and the measles outbreak of 2009 and early 2010 which affected over 10,544 with over 520 deaths, were testimony to the status of the social service system and a wake up call for everyone.. Urgent and important steps needed to be taken to reverse the tide. The Government, with the support of donors, launched several initiatives to address the underlying causes of cholera. These included the Emergency Rehabilitation and Risk Reduction programme, the Bulawayo Water and Sewerage Response programme, and Zim-Fund. These initiatives have contributed to the recovery of the water and sanitation sector and to reductions in cholera cases and other related deaths.. Transition funds were set up in health, education, and child protection which brought partners together to plan and coordinate national scale interventions at sectoral level under the leadership of the ministries of Health and Child Care, Primary and ...
To maximize the public health benefit of expenditures on HIV prevention, treatment and care in Sub Saharan Africa programs are needed that synergistically combine intervention strategies, target the intensity of interventions to attributable risk, support couples to reduce their risk of HIV transmission within the partnership, and facilitate safe and acceptable uptake of available treatment and prevention services. The goal of this study is to advance methodological innovations in the support of cost- effective combination HIV prevention programs. The study will develop reliable indicators for intervention exposure using biometric identifiers, develop indicators that capture dynamic multi-component risk reduction strategies, establish proof of concept for the combination and scalability of proven HIV intervention components never before brought to scale (HIV self-testing, PrEP for discordant couples), carefully assess the safety and acceptance of the strategy, and examine important operational ...
We evaluated the extent to which cardiovascular risk-reducing behaviors are initiated as a result of knowledge of newly detected coronary artery disease, based on test results from noninvasive electron beam computed tomography (EBCT). A total of 703 men and women, aged 28 to 84 years, asymptomatic a …
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic illness that requires continuing medical care and ongoing patient self-management education and support to prevent acute complications and to reduce the risk of long-term complications. Diabetes care is complex and requires multifactorial risk reduction strategies beyond glycemic control. A large body of evidence exists that supports a range of interventions to improve diabetes outcomes ...
I try to stay up-to-date as much as possible with primary literature, but also review articles and other publications related to diabetes. A recent article caught my eye in late 2018 and has caused a buzz among colleagues, practitioners and other individuals involved with diabetes education and management. In November 2018, the American College of Cardiology (ACC) published the 2018 ACC Expert Consensus Decision Pathway on Novel Therapies for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease. This article was timely given the recent updates in the American Diabetes Association and European Association for the Study of Diabetes consensus guidelines on the management of hyperglycemia for type 2 diabetes (T2DM).. In the ACC publication, the focus is solely on patients with T2DM and ASCVD; therefore, the article extensively reviews the role of sodium glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor ...
This is a brand new event for 2021 and will be a roundup of the latest developments Professional Pensions has to offer. This will include regulatory updates, the latest innovation in investments, risk reduction strategies, and funding targets for both DB and DC schemes. This event will take a workshop format with an emphasis on networking with delegates - this will involve smaller groups of delegates and a more informal presentation format. ...
Mediation is known for its several benefits and, according to a recent study, meditation may also help in cardiovascular risk reduction.
Telmisartan Market by Indication (Hypertension and Cardiovascular Risk Reduction) and Distribution Channel (Hospital Pharmacies, ...
Ramiril 2.5 MG Capsule is used for hypertension, cardiovascular risk reduction etc. Know Ramiril 2.5 MG Capsule uses, side-effects, composition, substitutes, drug interactions, precautions, dosage, warnings only on | Practo
Ramveda 10 MG Tablet is used for hypertension, cardiovascular risk reduction etc. Know Ramveda 10 MG Tablet uses, side-effects, composition, substitutes, drug interactions, precautions, dosage, warnings only on | Practo
Scientific evidence suggests that its important to use a disciplined lifestyle in preventing chronic diseases. Some research sometimes contradicts that,
A recent study reported in JAMA Oncology evaluated 10-year and 20-year breast cancer-specific mortality following diagnosis and treatment of ductal carcinoma i
Individual-level and group-level risk reduction interventions are effective in increasing condom use and reducing unprotected sex.
This career development program will foster the applicants ability to become an independent investigator by providing didactic course work, structured mentorsh...
The evaluated SMBG-structured lifestyle intervention is applicable to motivate individuals with type 2 diabetes for lifestyle changes. Integration of this short-term, highly motivational, and low-cost intervention into basic therapy for patients without insulin therapy could strengthen patient empow …
Lifestyle changes can have drastic impact on your heart health. Get tips about making lifestyle changes for a healthy heart from Discovery Health.
Posted August 24, 2016. Let?s face it, you?re probably not as successful as you think you should be. Either you?re not making the money you want, you don?t have the relationship(s) you want, or you don?t have the body you want. Or maybe all of these things are true. You?re definitely not alone. The truth is that winning at. read more. ...
If youre wondering how to look younger, try making some of these easy lifestyle changes that have both health and anti-aging benefits.
If someone told you there were simple steps that could minimize bladder leakage, youd probably give them a try. Check out the 5 lifestyle changes you can make today.
Staying Safe participants plan in advance how to access new equipment prior to using drugs.9 They also share harm reduction strategies and new injection ...
Being 16 weeks pregnant is a milestone. PregnancyMama gives you insights into your babys growth, physical, emotional and lifestyle changes you should expect in week 16, with tips on how to cope.
Marlatt, G.A.; Tapert, S.F. (1993). Harm reduction: Reducing the risks of addictive behaviors. CA: Sage Publications. pp. 243- ... ISBN 978-1-4625-0256-1. Harm Reduction International. "What is Harm Reduction?". Harm Reduction International. Retrieved 5 ... Marlatt, Alan G.; Larimer, Mary E. (2012). Marlatt, Alan G. (ed.). Harm Reduction: Pragmatic Strategies for Managing High Risk ... Marlatt, Alan G. (November-December 1996). "Harm reduction: come as you are". Journal of Addictive Behaviors. 21 (6): 779-88. ...
Marlatt, G. Alan (2002). "Highlights of Harm Reduction". Harm Reduction: Pragmatic Strategies for Managing High-Risk Behaviors ... Harm reduction is put forward as a useful perspective alongside the more conventional approaches of demand and supply reduction ... Harm reduction refers to a range of public health policies designed to reduce the harmful consequences associated with ... Today, the focus of the world's drug policy reform organisations is on the promotion of harm reduction in the Western World, ...
G. A. Marlatt, M. E. Larimer, & K. Witkiewitz (Eds). (2011). Harm reduction: Pragmatic strategies for managing high-risk ... behaviors. 2nd Ed., New York: Guilford Press.ISBN 9781462502561 https://harmreduction.org/about-us/principles-of-harm-reduction ... In 2017, Next Harm Reduction in New York State began distributing naloxone and other harm reduction supplies by mail to those ... Third-party prescriptions are also available for people, such as family and friends of people at risk for an overdose, who may ...
Pragmatic Strategies for Managing High-Risk Behaviors. Guilford Publications. ISBN 978-1-4625-0256-1. Retrieved 2017-12-27. ... Marlatt, G.A.; Larimer, M.E.; Witkiewitz, K. (2011). Harm Reduction, Second Edition: ... Harm Reduction Journal, 14 (3): 3, doi:10.1186/s12954-017-0132-7, PMC 5237277, PMID 28086787 Sullum, Jacob (December 1, 2006 ...
Pragmatic Strategies for Managing High-Risk Behaviors. Guilford Press. ISBN 978-1-4625-0256-1. Dennis C. Daley; G. Alan Marlatt ... G. Alan Marlatt; Mary E. Larimer; Katie Witkiewitz (1 December 2011). Harm Reduction, Second Edition: ... ISBN 978-1-57230-392-8. Dennis M. Donovan; G. Alan Marlatt (26 December 2007). Assessment of Addictive Behaviors. Guilford ... ISBN 978-0-19-530773-3. G. Alan Marlatt; Katie Witkiewitz (2009). Addictive Behaviors: New Readings on Etiology, Prevention, ...
International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 42: 101336. doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101336. ISSN 2212-4209. Gerbner, G.; ... Tony R., DeMars (2000). Modeling Behavior from Images of Reality in Television Narratives. US: The Edwin Mellen Press, Ltd. p. ... Actual crime statistics showed the risk to be 1 in 10,000. Supporting this finding is a survey done with college students that ... Gerbner found that heavy viewers of news were more likely to overestimate crime rates and risk of personal exposure to crime ...
Local tsunami behavior and recommendations for tsunami disaster risk reduction". International Journal of Disaster Risk ... Reduction. 21: 323-330. doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.12.016. ISSN 2212-4209. Retrieved 14 April 2021.CS1 maint: multiple names: ...
The efficacy of an integrated risk reduction intervention for HIV-positive women with child sexual abuse histories. AIDS and ... "Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior Gail E. Wyatt, Ph.D." "Faculty Database Production Server , David Geffen ... Does a history of trauma contribute to HIV risk for women of color? Implications for prevention and policy. American Journal of ... Behavior, 8(4), 453-462. Wyatt, G. E., Myers, H. F., Williams, J. K., Kitchen, C. R., Loeb, T., Carmona, J. V., ... & Presley, ...
May 2016). "Abstinence Funding Was Not Associated With Reductions In HIV Risk Behavior In Sub-Saharan Africa". Health Affairs. ... There are criticisms that this program did not do much to reduce HIV-risk behavior, and critics such as John Dietrich expressed ... It also aids the ability to manage risk and improve women's well-being. It can result in approaches to support trivialized ... Releasing personal information on websites has put some women's personal safety at risk. In 2010, Working to Halt Online Abuse ...
Risk Reduction Self-efficacy and Sexual Behavior". AIDS and Behavior. 11 (3): 471-478. doi:10.1007/s10461-006-9162-y. ISSN 1090 ... She also conducts investigations of HIV and HPV transmission and associated risk behaviors. Wood was awarded a fellowship at ... AIDS and Behavior, The Archives of Dermatology, The Journal of Clinical Microbiology, The Expert Review of Vaccines, Seminars ...
... risks. Safe sex as a form of STI risk reduction appeared in journalism as early as 1984, in the British publication The Daily ... Likewise, some safe sex practices, such as partner selection and low-risk sex behavior,[example needed] might not be effective ... Safe sex is regarded as a harm reduction strategy aimed at reducing the risk of STI transmission. Although some safe sex ... The advantages of outercourse include no risk of pregnancy without penile-vaginal penetration and the behaviors permit ...
... such as reductions in predation risks. These changes in foraging range indicate that the dusky parrotfish is able to make small ... changes to its grazing behavior under short-term disturbances; however, it is unclear whether these compensatory mechanisms can ... The reductions in grazing can cause algal turfs, which are non-palpable to the swarthy parrotfish. The dusky parrotfish are ...
... and Health-Risk Behaviors". American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 38 (3): 258-267. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2009.10.038. PMC ... risk-reduction, and social recognition". Digital Health. 4: 205520761880760. doi:10.1177/2055207618807603. PMC 6195003. PMID ... Weight stigma is similar and has been broadly defined as bias or discriminatory behaviors targeted at individuals because of ... Daníelsdóttir S, O'Brien KS, Ciao A. Anti-fat prejudice reduction: A review of published studies. Obesity Facts 2010; 3: 47-58. ...
In 2018, 930,172 people benefited from PCI's risk reduction and resilience programming globally. The organization also ... more than 1.4 million community members participated in peer/self-help groups to improve health and nutrition behaviors. That ...
... and Health-Risk Behaviors". American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 38 (3): 258-267. doi:10.1016/j.amepre.2009.10.038. PMC ... risk-reduction, and social recognition". Digital Health. 4: 205520761880760. doi:10.1177/2055207618807603. PMC 6195003. PMID ... "Journal of Health and Social Behavior. 46 (3): 244-259. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.407.990. doi:10.1177/002214650504600303. ISSN 0022- ... "Journal of Health and Social Behavior. 46 (3): 244-259. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.407.990. doi:10.1177/002214650504600303. ISSN 0022- ...
His clinical practice and research addresses obesity prevention and treatment, chronic disease risk reduction, health behavior ... WebMD: "An Easier Way to Assess Body Fat and Health Risks." May 11, 2012. Arthritis Today: "Obesity May Be a Risk Factor for ... Health Behavior Change in Populations. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013 (in press). • Barnard N, Weissinger R, Jaster B, ... Intentional weight loss and dose reductions of anti-diabetic medications - a retrospective cohort study. PLoS One. 2012;7(2): ...
In such packages, it is unclear what the relative contribution of needle exchange may be to reductions in risk behavior and HIV ... It is based on the philosophy of harm reduction that attempts to reduce the risk factors for blood-borne diseases such as HIV/ ... HIV prevention programmes that include NSE reduce drug-related HIV risk behaviors and enhance the impact of harm reduction ... Burris S, Beletsky L, Burleson J, Case P, Lazzarini Z (2007). "Do Criminal Laws Influence HIV Risk Behavior? An Empirical Trial ...
Many blood-borne diseases can also be contracted by other means, including high-risk sexual behavior or intravenous drug use. ... among other risk reductions. Follow standard precautions to help prevent the spread of blood-borne pathogens and other diseases ... NEPs can affect behaviors that result in the transmission of HIV. These behaviors include decreased sharing of used syringes, ... "The Mirasol PRT System for Pathogen Reduction of Platelets and Plasma: An Overview of Current Status and Future Trends." ...
"Young Men's Health Project - Best Evidence (Risk Reduction)" (PDF). www.cdc.gov. October 13, 2017. "Complete , Risk Reduction ... and sexual risk behavior in a daily diary study of gay and bisexual men". Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. 24 (3): 487-497. ... He was known for his research on HIV risk behaviors of gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM), HIV-related ... Alexander Siegel on understanding the health risk behaviors of adolescents, with a primary focus on substance use. Parsons was ...
In such packages, it is unclear what the relative contribution of needle exchange may be to reductions in risk behavior and HIV ... It is based on the philosophy of harm reduction that attempts to reduce the risk factors for diseases such as HIV/AIDS and ... "Interventions to prevent HIV risk behaviors". NIH Consensus Statement. 15 (2): 1-41. 1997. PMID 9505959.. ... Burris S, Beletsky L, Burleson J, Case P, Lazzarini Z (2007). "Do Criminal Laws Influence HIV Risk Behavior? An Empirical Trial ...
He met physician Joseph Sonnabend and became a patient, learning from Sonnabend the practices for risk reduction that would ... His early work with Sonnabend and singer and activist Michael Callen noted behaviors including drug use, multiple sexual ...
... there was a reduction in risk with antidepressants compared to placebo in adults aged 65 and older. Depression and certain ... maprotiline increased the risk compared to placebo of suicidal thinking and behavior (suicidality) in children, adolescents and ... or young adult must balance this risk with the clinical need. Short-term studies did not show an increase in the risk of ... Anyone considering the use of maprotiline in a child or adolescent must balance the potential risks with the clinical need. In ...
At the second level is real-time risk reduction, which involves providing users at severe risk with a specific warning to ... The frequent road safety education for the children helps to improve the dangerous behaviors. Collisions with animals are ... poses several risks. The more serious risk is a collision with oncoming traffic. Since this is nearly a head-on collision, ... a measure of national health risk), the number of vehicle kilometres driven (a measure of the transport risk) as well as the ...
Tamara Goldman Sher and Donald H. Baucom (2001). "Mending a broken heart: A couples approach to cardiac risk reduction". ... This grant is part of Sher's work with the National Institute of Health's Behavior Change Consortium. Sher's research has been ... National Institute of Health's Behavior Change Consortium [1] Archived 2012-04-25 at the Wayback Machine Northwestern ... a member of the National Institute of Health's Behavior Change Consortium, and sits on the Clinical Oversight Committee for the ...
General topics for research include adolescent high-risk sexual behaviors, young fathers and male development programs, ... and HIV/AIDS risk reduction. Some of the references: Smith, P.B., Weinman, M., Mumford D.M. Social and affective factors ... Journal of Applied Research on Children: Informing Policy for Children at Risk, 2 (Issue 2 Teen Pregnancy) 2011. Department of ... and to educate both professionals and young people within the community to prevent risky behavior practices. The Baylor Teen ...
Tambe & team's algorithms led to a significant reduction in HIV risk behaviors compared to traditional approaches. In terms of ...
Other studies have found similar results, including a reduction of abuse risk post-treatment compared to the waitlist control. ... and destructive behavior. The ECBI is a 36-item behavior scale that is used to track disruptive behaviors in children. It was ... Behaviors such as arguing and aggression in children are reinforced by parent behaviors (e.g., withdrawal of demands), but ... Examples of parent behavior categories are direct and indirect commands, behavior descriptions, reflective statements, praise, ...
Epidemiologic studies provide useful information regarding the magnitude of STD risk reduction associated with condom use. ... because such studies would involve observations of private behaviors, several published studies have demonstrated that failure ... While condom use has been associated with a lower risk of cervical cancer, the use of condoms should not be a substitute for ... Condom use may reduce the risk for HPV-associated diseases (e.g., genital warts and cervical cancer) and may mitigate the other ...
Safe sex is regarded as a harm reduction strategy aimed at reducing risks of STI transmission. Although some safe sex practices ... He is best known for writing Sexual Behavior in the Human Male (1948) and Sexual Behavior in the Human Female (1953), also ... Likewise, some safe sex practices, like partner selection and low-risk sex behavior, might not be effective forms of ... Homosexuality is romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexual behavior between members of the same sex or gender. As a ...
... where the risk to the patient from lack of knowledge about disease progress is much greater than the risk from the test ... Carlson, Neil (January 22, 2012). Physiology of Behavior. Methods and Strategies of Research. 11th edition. Pearson. p. 151. ... allowing for additional noise reduction. Iterative reconstruction has also been shown to result in improvements in the ... FDG-PET imaging of atherosclerosis to detect patients at risk of stroke is also feasible and can help test the efficacy of ...
Transmission risk reduction of filoviruses in home-care settings" (PDF). World Health Organization (WHO). Archived (PDF) from ... animal behavior and other factors may trigger outbreaks among animal populations.[82] ... EVD has a risk of death in those infected of between 25% and 90%.[1][139] As of September 2014[update], the average risk of ... Health-care workers treating people with Ebola are at greatest risk of infection.[59] The risk increases when they do not have ...
"Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes. 105 (1): 98-121. doi:10.1016/j.obhdp.2007.05.002. PMC 2702783 . PMID ... Bias reduction. *Cognitive bias mitigation. *Debiasing. *Heuristics in judgment and decision-making ... Journal of Nonverbal Behavior. 28 (3): 187-209. doi:10.1023/b:jonb.0000039649.20015.0e. ISSN 0191-5886.. ... that used these approaches seem to have mistaken and interpreted mathematical artifacts as the products of human behavior. The ...
"The Predatory Behavior and Ecology of Wild Chimpanzees".. *^ Milton, Katharine (1999). "A hypothesis to explain the role of ... which allowed them a more nutritious diet and a decreased risk of famine.[21][23][67] Many of the famines experienced by ... "When Did "Modern" Behavior Emerge in Humans?". National Geographic News. Retrieved 2008-02-05.. ... Lower Paleolithic Acheulean tool users, according to Robert G. Bednarik, began to engage in symbolic behavior such as art ...
Chloroplast genome reduction and gene transferEdit. Over time, many parts of the chloroplast genome were transferred to the ... When replication forks form, the strand not being copied is single stranded, and thus at risk for A → G deamination. Therefore ... There isn't a lot of direct evidence for this behavior though.[38] ...
Pregnancy category refers to an evaluation of a substance's risk of injury to a fetus if used by the mother during pregnancy.[ ... reduction in acne lesions in women.[102] The effectiveness of spironolactone for acne appears to be dose-dependent.[102] High- ... Risk factors for the development of acne, other than genetics, have not been conclusively identified. Possible secondary ... the high risk of birth defects with 5α-reductase inhibitors limits their use in women.[1][138] However, 5α-reductase inhibitors ...
Initial research and treatment programs aimed at understanding and reducing the risk of reoffense in sexual offenders. In the ... "Total quality management and the reduction of inpatient violence and costs in a forensic psychiatric hospital". Psychiatric ... "Teaching the nonverbal components of assertive training". Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. 3: 179-183. ... "Shame aversion therapy". Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry. 1: 213-215. doi:10.1016/0005-7916(70)90005-4 ...
Reduction of red wine for a sauce by cooking it on a stovetop. It is called a reduction because the heat boils off some of the ... "Just 40ml liquor daily may even put you at death risk: Report". livemint.com. 2020-06-15. Retrieved 2020-06-15.. ... Behavior. 81 (1): 51-58. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2003.12.017. PMID 15059684.. ... Consuming alcohol within weekly low-risk drinking guidelines may result in hospitalization or death.[3] ...
Causes and Risk Factors[edit]. The cause of PNES has not yet been established. One hypothesis is that they are a learned ... A follow-up has not been done to see if the therapy retained its reduction of symptoms beyond the 60 days.[22] ... Reuber M, Elger CE (June 2003). "Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures: review and update". Epilepsy & Behavior. 4 (3): 205-16. doi ... The risk factors for FND can include trauma, illness exposure, symptom monitoring, and abnormal beliefs and expectations about ...
"Lyme Disease risk areas map". Risk of Lyme disease to Canadians. Government of Canada. 27 January 2015. Archived from the ... Human expansion has also resulted in a reduction of predators that hunt deer as well as mice, chipmunks and other small rodents ... Panic attacks and anxiety can occur; also, delusional behavior may be seen, including somatoform delusions, sometimes ... Risk of infection increases with time of attachment, but in North America risk of Lyme disease is small if the tick is removed ...
... changing risky/unhealthy behaviors, nutritional/dietary recommendations, relaxation/stress reduction recommendations, ice pack/ ... Risk-benefit. A 2012 systematic review concluded that no accurate assessment of risk-benefit exists for cervical manipulation.[ ... Committee to Assess Health Risks from Exposure to Low Levels of Ionizing Radiation, Board on Radiation Effects Research, U.S. ... However 80% acknowledged the ethical/moral responsibility to disclose risk to patient.[205] ...
The term pollinator decline refers to the reduction in abundance of insect and other animal pollinators in many ecosystems ... See also: Extinction risk from global warming, Ocean acidification, Marine pollution, and Social and environmental impact of ... some of which had adapted flightlessness and ground nesting habits and others had no defensive behavior as a result of having ... Many other amphibian species now face extinction, including the reduction of Rabb's fringe-limbed treefrog to an endling, and ...
Reaction 1) is known as Birch reduction. Other reductions[144] that can be carried by these solutions are: S8 + 2e− → S82-. Fe( ... "Chemical risk analysis: a practical handbook. p. 215. ISBN 978-1-903996-65-2. .. ... Recent research has suggested that the explosive behavior of alkali metals in water is driven by a Coulomb explosion rather ... Dimerization and Reduction of Rhodocene". Inorg. Chem. 18 (6): 1443-1446. doi:10.1021/ic50196a007.. ...
Behavior changesEdit. Despite the personality and behavior changes that occur in people with brain tumors, little research on ... Risk factors. Neurofibromatosis, exposure to vinyl chloride, Epstein-Barr virus, ionizing radiation[1][2][3]. ... Radiotherapy may also be administered in cases of "low-grade" gliomas when a significant tumor burden reduction could not be ... By behaviorEdit. Brain tumors or intracranial neoplasms can be cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign). However, the ...
Innovations included labor-management partnerships, suicide risk reduction, conflict mediation, and occupational mental health ... Greenberg, E.S., & Grunberg, L. (1995). Work alienation and problem alcohol behavior. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 36 ... Organizations can play a role in the health behavior of employees by providing resources to encourage healthy behavior in areas ... Research has identified health-behavioral and biological factors that are related to increased risk for CVD. These risk factors ...
MIT professor risks career to reenergize discredited idea", The Boston Globe. *. Derry, Gregory Neil (2002), "What Science Is ... However, the reduction in separation is not enough by a factor of ten to create the fusion rates claimed in the original ... nor does it seem possible to conclude unequivocally that all the apparently anomalous behavior can be attributed to error.. ... "Thermal behavior of polarized Pd/D electrodes prepared by co-deposition" (PDF), Thermochimica Acta, 410: 101, doi:10.1016/ ...
A gene recently discovered in laboratory house mice, termed "mini-muscle", causes a 50% reduction in hindlimb muscle mass as ... All of these morphological deviations influence the behavior and Metabolism of the mouse. For example, mice with the Mini ... increasing the risk of blood clots and possibly depriving vital organs of oxygen.[33] Some complications associated with sickle ... HAO1 and BMP2 also display pleiotropic effects with commonly desired domestic chicken behavior; those chickens who express ...
"The Swedes discover Lotus Notes has key escrow!" The Risks Digest, Volume 19, Issue 52, 1997-12-24 ... and no workload reduction factor. The Domino server includes security tools support S/MIME, SSL 3.0 with industry standard key ... and exhibit different behaviors. Specifically, mail cannot be dragged out of them, and so removed from those views; the email ... "workload reduction factor" for the NSA. This strengthened the protection for users of Notes outside the US against private- ...
Case, Linda P. (2010). Canine and Feline Behavior and Training: A Complete Guide to Understanding our Two Best Friends: A ... The posited benefits of faster voiding are decreased risk of predation (while voiding) and decreased risk of urinary tract ... which causes production of additional urine as well as a reduction of inhibitions. One proposed way to inhibit public urination ... Wolves: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation - Google Books. Books.google.com. 23 November 2003. Retrieved 20 November 2012.. ...
Sarkar's main activities were centered around the reduction in stigma as a part of prevention interventions within activities ... He proposed and formed self-run services by the high risk communities and is recognized to create an enabling environment by ... which has led to significant delay in care-seeking behavior of the infected mother and led to significant transmission of HIV ... "Risk Denial and Socio-Economic Factors Related to High HIV Transmission in a Fishing Community in Rakai, Uganda: A Qualitative ...
... overt behaviors like wandering and restlessness, reductions in agitated behaviors, and improvements to cognitive defects, ... "Music Therapy with High Risk Adolescents (PDF)" (PDF). American Music Therapy Association, Michigan State University Chapter. ... It was found that there was a significant change in grief symptoms and behaviors with the experimental group in the home, but ... It's the added complexity to cultural empathy that comes from adding music that provides both the greater risk and potential to ...
31 price reduction, consumers will believe to have received a greater deal than a $39-to-$38 price reduction. As a result, ... Therefore, before making a purchase, consumers may weigh their options as either a gain or a loss to avoid the risk of losing ... Yin, Xu; Jin-Song, Huang (2014). "Effects Of Price Discounts And Bonus Packs On Online Impulse Buying". Social Behavior & ... Price reduction may be a percentage marked on the package.. *Price-pack/Bonus packs deal: The packaging offers a consumer a ...
Food Safety Risk Management in Different Egg Production Systems. *^ a b c d Kinde, H. et al. 1996. "Salmonella enteritidis, ... which is a pathogen reduction program for Salmonella in California.[21] The study states, "The highest prevalence [was] in the ... which allow birds to move freely and display natural behaviors. The waste material in these systems is far less concentrated ... The Truth About Proposition 2: Putting Our Food Safety & Public Health At Risk[permanent dead link] - an anti-proposition ...
... non-HDL-cholesterol and apoB for CVD risk reduction: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised-controlled trials". ... Volman, Julia J (20 November 2007). "Dietary modulation of immune function by β-glucans". Physiology & Behavior. 94 (2): 276- ... The claim language is in the Federal Register 21 CFR 101.81 Health Claims: Soluble fiber from certain foods and risk of ... may reduce the risk of heart disease. A serving of oatmeal supplies 0.75 grams of the 3.0 g of β-glucan soluble fiber necessary ...
The following behaviors are influenced by risk taking when a person is experiencing the effects of alcohol myopia. ... Behavioral changes associated with alcohol myopia stem from the inhibitory effects of this reduction of firing and activation. ... Risky behavior[edit]. Alcohol myopia has been shown to increase the likelihood that a person will engage in risky behavior. The ... Griffin, Jessica A.; Umstattd, M. Renée; Usdan, Stuart L. (10 May 2010). "Alcohol Use and High-Risk Sexual Behavior Among ...
... from criminal acts because they are more likely to weigh the risk of severing social ties prior to engaging in illegal behavior ... For a one dollar investment in educational programs there would be a reduction of costs of incarceration by nearly five dollars ... behavior modification and therapy techniques may not improve the behavior of a psychopath.[60] Psychopaths may have a markedly ... They do not, for example, deeply recognize the risk of being caught, disbelieved or injured as a result of their behaviour.[61] ...
a b Salo, P., Nordström, M., Thomson, R. L., & Korpimäki, E. (2008). Risk induced by a native top predator reduces alien mink ... Brown, J. L. (1969). Territorial behavior and population regulation in birds: a review and re-evaluation. The Wilson Bulletin, ... Meyburg, B. U. (1975). Protective management of eagles by reduction of nestling mortality. World Confer. Birds of Prey, Vienna ... The wintering range is less well understood for the white-tailed eagle given the extreme reductions and fluctuations of ...
Every single instance of altruistic behavior need not always increase inclusive fitness; altruistic behaviors would have been ... Heroic risk-taking has also been interpreted as a costly signal of ability.[6]. ... After controlling for prior health status, it was determined that volunteerism accounted for a 44% reduction in mortality.[38] ... a b [Batson, C. (2012). A history of prosocial behavior research. In A. W. Kruglanski, W. Stroebe, A. W. Kruglanski, (Eds.), ...
... law, applied to a State's own citizens serves the interest of states, by, for example, minimizing the risk of ... Other theories hold that human rights codify moral behavior which is a human social product developed by a process of ... Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. *Geneva Conventions. *Hague Conventions. *Rome Statute of the International ... The biological theory considers the comparative reproductive advantage of human social behavior based on empathy and altruism ...
Behavior of activators[edit]. The role of the activators is primarily disruption and removal of the oxide layer on the metal ... Controlling health risks from rosin (colophony) based solder fluxes, IND(G)249L, United Kingdom Health and Safety Executive, ... This reduction of slag viscosity with temperature, increasing the flow of slag in smelting, is the original origin of the word ... Flux vapors tend to have low autoignition temperature and present a risk of a flash fire when the flux comes in contact with a ...
Physician Advice and Individual Behaviors About Cardiovascular Disease Risk Reduction -- Seven States and Puerto Rico, 1997 ... respective risk-reduction behavior. Reported by the following state BRFSS coordinators: B Bender, MBA, Arizona; A Wineski, Iowa ... TABLE 1. Prevalence of reported physician advice and individual behavior to reduce risk for heart disease or stroke, by ... importance of physician dietary or exercise counseling for influencing behavior changes to reduce the risk for heart disease ...
The following examples demonstrate healthy and safe sexual behaviors: ... Healthy Sexual Behaviors and Risk Reduction Tips Engaging in respectful and healthy sexual behavior is the best way to avoid ... Understand that consent to one form of sexual behavior does not imply consent to any other forms of sexual behavior. For ... The following examples demonstrate healthy and safe sexual behaviors:. *Clearly communicate your intentions to your sexual ...
... as a framework for assessing perceptions and health-related behaviors related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among blue- ... The HPM was modified to address deficiencies in regard to the concept of risk perception. Work-related situational influences ... The modified framework can be used to clarify health-related behaviors among blue-collar workers. ... risk among blue-collar workers. This was done with the aim of providing time-sensitive educational and training materials for ...
This study examined correlations between breast cancer recurrence, risk reduction beliefs, and related behaviors among African ... A growing body of evidence suggests that breast cancer recurrence risk is linked to lifestyle behaviors. ... Beliefs and Behaviors about Breast Cancer Recurrence Risk Reduction among African American Breast Cancer Survivors. Benjamin ... "Beliefs and Behaviors about Breast Cancer Recurrence Risk Reduction among African American Breast Cancer Survivors." Int. J. ...
Participants adopting risk reduction behaviors regarding PM2.5 exposure tended to be females, 50-60 year-olds, those with ... knowledge of PM2.5 and risk reduction behaviors. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was then used to explore factors ... that influence the adoption of risk reduction behaviors. Results: The most common behavior to reduce PM2.5 exposure was ... among outdoor exercisers and to explore potential factors influencing those behaviors in the urban area of Nanjing, China. ...
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of comprehensive health risk protection behaviors, knowledge, attitudes, and ... Health risk reduction behaviors model for scavengers exposed to solid waste in municipal dump sites in Nakhon Ratchasima ... Health risk reduction behaviors model for scavengers exposed to solid waste in municipal dump sites in Nakhon Ratchasima ... The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of a Health Risk Reduction Behaviors Model (HRRBM) on scavengers exposed ...
Risk Reduction Behavior[Mesh] OR Program Development[Mesh] OR Program Evaluation[Mesh] OR Pilot Projects[Mesh] OR Community ... Diabetes Mellitus/prevention and control[Majr] (Primary Prevention[Mesh] OR prevention[tiab]) AND (Risk Reduction Behavior[Mesh ... Identifying high-risk populations and addressing the upstream determinants and risk factors of diabetes might prove to be ... Identifying high-risk populations and addressing the upstream determinants and risk factors of diabetes might prove to be ...
Effects on Risk-Reduction Behaviors The availability or use of nPEP might not lead to increases in risk behavior. Of ... to engage in risk behaviors (e.g., commercial sex workers or users of illicit drugs) might be practicing risk reduction (e.g., ... Risk-reduction counseling and indicated intervention services should be provided to reduce the risk for recurrent exposures. ... reported a decrease in risk behavior over the next 12 months relative to baseline reported risk behavior, 14% reported no ...
Nineteen obesity risk reduction behaviors were measured along with psychosocial constructs derived from the Theory of Planned ... An increased risk for obesity-related diseases at lower body mass indexes magnify the urgency of investigating obesity related ... Participants reported food behaviors over the previous month related to weight management, portion size control, consumption of ... Obesity risk reduction behaviors. Mean values of 19 obesity risk reduction behaviors (Table 2) indicated the most frequently ...
Risk and protective factors affecting adolescent reproductive health in developing countries) / R. W. Blum, Kristin Nelson ... Risk and protective factors affecting adolescent reproductive health in developing countries : an analysis of adolescent sexual ...
Tool guide for lifestyle behavior change in a cardiovascular risk reduction program. In: Psychology Research and Behavior ... Tool guide for lifestyle behavior change in a cardiovascular risk reduction program. Psychology Research and Behavior ... Tool guide for lifestyle behavior change in a cardiovascular risk reduction program, Psychology Research and Behavior ... Tool guide for lifestyle behavior change in a cardiovascular risk reduction program. Psychology Research and Behavior ...
Read this full essay on Increasing the awareness of behaviors and activities that lead to the risk of chronic diseases among ... Education and Risk Reduction Activities A number of core elements should be considered in health education and risk reduction ... Awareness Of Risk During The 2008 Financial Crisis. 2210 words - 9 pages Awareness of risk, lying at the initial stage of risk ... Increasing The Awareness Of Behaviors And Activities That Lead To The Risk Of Chronic Diseases Among Children.. 659 words - 3 ...
Risk Reduction Requires Knowledge and Behavior Change. Even though the number of foodborne illness cases occurring in domestic ... Food Safety within the Household: Risk Reduction1. Lucianna Grasso, Rachael Silverberg, George L. Baker, Renée M. Goodrich- ... Household Risks and How They Occur. Salmonella. Food poisoning from Salmonella infections can cause serious illness and even ... High-risk sources of cross-contamination in the kitchen include hands and food-contact surfaces such as cutting boards and ...
... risk assessment; risk reduction behavior; secondary prevention ... in assessment and management of cardiovascular disease risk. [ ... 2013 ACC/AHA guideline on the treatment of blood cholesterol to reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk in adults: a report ...
Reduction In The Risk Of Recurrent Suicidal Behavior In Schizophrenia Or Schizoaffective Disorder. VERSACLOZ is indicated for ... Because of the risk of severe neutropenia, Versacloz is available only through a restricted program under a Risk Evaluation ... Higher risk of death in elderly people with memory loss (dementia) or psychosis. VERSACLOZ can increase the risk of death in ... Recurrent Suicidal Behavior In Schizophrenia Or Schizoaffective Disorder. The effectiveness of clozapine in reducing the risk ...
Reduction In The Risk Of Recurrent Suicidal Behavior In Schizophrenia Or Schizoaffective Disorder. FAZACLO is indicated for ... Because of the risk of severe neutropenia, FAZACLO is available only through a restricted program under a Risk Evaluation ... Recurrent Suicidal Behavior In Schizophrenia Or Schizoaffective Disorder. The effectiveness of clozapine in reducing the risk ... Suicidal behavior refers to actions by a patient that put him/herself at risk for death. ...
Conclusions: Providing lymphedema information has an effect on symptom reduction and more risk-reduction behaviors being ... and Lymphedema Risk-Reduction Behavior Checklist. Findings: Fifty-seven percent of the participants reported that they received ... symptoms and practice of risk-reduction behaviors. Design: A cross-sectional design was used to obtain data from 136 breast- ... and accurate information and engage breast-cancer survivors in supportive dialogues concerning lymphedema risk-reduction. ...
... and sex-related HIV risk behavior, HIV/AIDS knowledge, risk reduction motivation, and risk reduction behavioral skills. ... Demonstrated Drug Risk Reduction Skills (0-100%) [ Time Frame: 3-month follow up ]. Participants HIV risk reduction skills ... Demonstrated Drug Risk Reduction Skills (0-100%) [ Time Frame: 6-month follow up ]. Participants HIV risk reduction skills ... Demonstrated Drug Risk Reduction Skills (0-100%) [ Time Frame: 12-month follow up ]. Participants HIV risk reduction skills ...
Understanding and influencing health behaviors that are risk factors in disease and illness, as well as behaviors that can be ... risk reduction; and cultural influences in public health, including cross-cultural and multilevel studies. ... Home , Departments , Health, Behavior and Society , Degree Programs , PhD/ScD in Social & Behavioral Sciences ... Professor and Chair of the Department of Health, Behavior & Society Learn More ...
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Risk Reduction Behavior * Self Care * Smoking Cessation * Social Support* Substances * Adrenal Cortex Hormones ...
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Effects of community based educational prevention program of drug abuse in reduction of high risk behavior] ... to determine the effect of community based educational prevention program of drug abuse in reduction of high risk behavior. ... The mean score of drug abuse related high risk behavior was 26.8 +/- 2.05 before educational program and 25.2 +/- 2.3 after the ... The rate of negative drug abusing related behavior decreased and positive behavior increased after the educational program. The ...
Theory-based sexual risk reduction interventions are often demonstrated effective, but few studies have examined the mechanisms ... Mediators of behavior change resulting from a sexual risk reduction intervention for STI patients, Cape Town, South Africa. ... Mediators of behavior change resulting from a sexual risk reduction intervention for STI patients, Cape Town, South Africa ... Interventions that directly address alcohol use as a factor in sexual risk behavior and behavior change should be the focus of ...
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Sharon Lin, US EPA, presented "Risk Reduction Through Behavior Change", focusing on activities around the Palos Verdes Shelf ... in Oregon and other tribes in the United States who may be at increased risk of disease due to cumulative PAH exposures from ... about a community based social marketing approach used to educate local fishermen and community members about health risks of ...
The following are the four major types of risk communication programs, categorized according to their primary objectives. ... Type 2: Behavior Change and Protective Action. *Encouraging personal risk-reduction behavior. EXAMPLE: Using advertisements to ... Informing and educating people about risks and risk assessment in general. EXAMPLE: Using statistical comparisons of risks from ... Risk Communication Objectives as a Measure of Effectiveness. Historical Document. This document is provided by the Agency for ...
... approach out of fear that tobacco companies cannot be trusted to produce and market products that will reduce the risks ... Health advocates have been reluctant to endorse a harm reduction ... The issue of harm reduction has long been controversial in the ... Electronic cigarettes as a harm reduction strategy for tobacco control: a step forward or a repeat of past mistakes? J Public ... Health advocates have been reluctant to endorse a harm reduction approach out of fear that tobacco companies cannot be trusted ...
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... building a network to support community risk reduction; motivating behavior and attitude change; cultural competence; reaching ... day event is designed for fire and life safety educators and others interested in public education and community risk reduction ... Fire causes & risksToggle this sub-menu open or closed*Top fire causes ... Review of Oxygen Reduction Systems for Warehouse Storage Applications. *Sprinkler Protection Guidance for Lithium-Ion Based ...
  • As such, the associations between risk perception and CVD risk factors require continued theoretical examination in order to gather information for use in time-sensitive treatments and interventions designed for workers while on the job or in the community. (frontiersin.org)
  • Theory-based sexual risk reduction interventions are often demonstrated effective, but few studies have examined the mechanisms that mediate their behavior changes. (bsl.nl)
  • Interventions that directly address alcohol use as a factor in sexual risk behavior and behavior change should be the focus of future research. (bsl.nl)
  • HIV-infected prisoners in Malaysia represent a critical target population for secondary HIV risk reduction interventions and care. (hindawi.com)
  • Providing secondary HIV risk reduction interventions and engaging inmates in subsequent care, however, is often challenging [ 10 - 12 ] and insufficient [ 13 - 15 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Evidence-based interventions (EBIs) have been developed for HIV-infected drug users in prisons [ 3 ] as well as drug users enrolled in community-based drug treatment settings [ 17 , 18 ], though none to date have been successfully tailored to prepare inmates for the extremely high risk period immediately following release during which newly released HIV-infected prisoners are becoming reintegrated into the community. (hindawi.com)
  • The Community Preventive Services Task Force (CPSTF) recommends group-based comprehensive risk reduction (CRR) interventions delivered to adolescents to promote behaviors that prevent or reduce the risk of pregnancy, HIV, and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). (thecommunityguide.org)
  • Comprehensive risk reduction (CRR) interventions promote behaviors that prevent or reduce the risk of pregnancy, HIV, and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). (thecommunityguide.org)
  • Placing HIV treatment within the context of behavioral interventions for maintaining medication adherence and reducing sexual risk behaviors is therefore essential to the future of HIV prevention. (springer.com)
  • HIV Treatment as Prevention: Primer for Behavior-Based Implementation highlights two pioneering behavioral interventions aimed at maximizing the effects of antiretroviral therapies for preventing HIV transmission. (springer.com)
  • This study examines the impact of two group therapy interventions on reduction of unprotected sexual occasions (USO) among women with substance use disorders (SUD) and PTSD. (springer.com)
  • for women who have HIV infection, these programs can enable them to receive appropriate and timely medical interventions for their own health and for reducing the risk for perinatal (i.e., mother to infant) and other modes of HIV transmission. (nih.gov)
  • Women who have HIV infection or who are at risk for infection need access to current information regarding a) early interventions to improve survival rates and quality of life for HIV-infected persons, b) strategies to reduce the risk for perinatal HIV transmission, and c) management of HIV-infection in pregnant women and perinatally exposed or infected children. (nih.gov)
  • Part 2 provides in-depth study of the competencies, guidance on how to employ them in a lifestyle medicine-oriented practice, and approaches to facilitating behavior change interventions. (acpm.org)
  • Her vision is to co-create with communities a toolbox of harm reduction interventions that empower individuals to reduce their substance-related harm and improve their quality of life. (washington.edu)
  • Research suggests that skills-based HIV risk reduction interventions with peer group discussion and single sex sessions can reduce risky sexual behavior. (drugabuse.gov)
  • NYSDOH developed local health education might have contributed to interventions on infl uenza A (H9N2) department and public education isolation in Hong Kong's live poultry an 43% reduction in rate of touching programs to reduce bat encounters, markets, 1999-2005. (cdc.gov)
  • Expenditure estimates were computed for 29 representative practices that implemented risk-reduction interventions. (aafp.org)
  • Start up and incremental practice expenses for implementing behavior change interventions in primary care. (aafp.org)
  • Candidates acquire the knowledge and skill to teach children to develop and maintain healthy behaviors and identify public and community health agencies, resources and prevention practices youth need to protect themselves, their families, and communities from life-threatening and disabling conditions. (cambridgecollege.edu)
  • Prescription for health: changing primary care practice to foster healthy behaviors. (aafp.org)
  • The rate-limiting step in cardiovascular disease prevention is the implementation and maintenance of healthy lifestyle behaviors. (elsevier.com)
  • The purpose of this initiative is to invite applications for research projects that will expand our knowledge of basic decision-making processes underlying initiation and long-term maintenance of healthy lifestyle behaviors that may reduce one's risk of cancer and other chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and addiction. (nih.gov)
  • A growing body of evidence suggests that breast cancer recurrence risk is linked to lifestyle behaviors. (mdpi.com)
  • To conduct a randomized clinical trial (RCT) of a community-friendly behavioral intervention designed to reduce HIV risk behavior among injection drug users (IDUs) in drug treatment by comparing risk-behavior outcomes of four weekly intervention sessions with a time-and-attention-matched control condition. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Outcomes assessed will include urine toxicology screens, self-reported HIV drug- and sex-related HIV risk behavior, HIV/AIDS knowledge, risk reduction motivation, and risk reduction behavioral skills. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • To identify social cognitive outcomes relevant to a specific adolescent sexual risk reduction intervention, and to examine the program's impact on these. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • More research is needed to determine the extent to which outcomes are related to short and long term risk behaviors. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Women who have experienced a stillbirth or neonatal death are at higher risk of repeated poor neonatal outcomes if they have short interpregnancy intervals. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Associations between GBV patterns and each outcome were modeled separately using linear regression for mental health outcomes and Poisson regression for sexual risk outcomes. (springer.com)
  • The prevalence of GBV was extremely high in this sample of Kenyan FSWs, and different GBV patterns were associated with distinct mental health and sexual risk outcomes. (springer.com)
  • MI-based client-centered counseling during provider-initiated HIV testing will be more effective than the standard-of-care counseling at reducing sexual risk behavior and related outcomes. (slideserve.com)
  • Protective factors may be described as characteristics associated with a lower likelihood of negative outcomes or that reduce a risk factor's impact. (jointcommission.org)
  • Psychology Research and Behavior Management , 6 , 55-63. (elsevier.com)
  • White, ND , Lenz, TL & Smith, K 2013, ' Tool guide for lifestyle behavior change in a cardiovascular risk reduction program ', Psychology Research and Behavior Management , vol. 6, pp. 55-63. (elsevier.com)
  • FazaClo is also used to help reduce the risk of suicidal behavior in people with schizophrenia or similar disorders. (rxlist.com)
  • Reducing suicidal behavior in patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. (nih.gov)
  • There is also a lack of evidence related to the environmental, psychosocial, organizational, and individual factors that influence risk perceptions and risk-reduction behaviors in this context. (frontiersin.org)
  • It is likely that health behavior is a complex phenomenon that is influenced by multiple factors, including risk perception. (frontiersin.org)
  • Following social learning theory, a revised HPM was created to identify the factors associated with exercise behaviors, which promote health through personal and behaviorally specific cognitions and affect. (frontiersin.org)
  • This study aimed to describe risk reduction behaviors regarding ambient particulate matter with a diameter of 2.5 μm or less (PM 2.5 ) among outdoor exercisers and to explore potential factors influencing those behaviors in the urban area of Nanjing, China. (mdpi.com)
  • Multivariate logistic regression analysis was then used to explore factors that influence the adoption of risk reduction behaviors. (mdpi.com)
  • Use caution when administering FAZACLO to patients with a history of seizures or other predisposing risk factors for seizure (CNS pathology, medications that lower the seizure threshold, alcohol abuse). (rxlist.com)
  • Understanding and influencing health behaviors that are risk factors in disease and illness, as well as behaviors that can be considered protective and health enhancing, are strengths of the program. (jhsph.edu)
  • This area focuses on social and psychological factors and processes in the etiology and prevalence of disease in health-care-seeking behavior, disease prevention, long-term care and rehabilitation. (jhsph.edu)
  • Risk and protective factors affecting adolescent reproductive health in developing countries : an analysis of adolescent sexual and reproductive health literature from around the world : summary / [Robert Blum and Kristin Mmari]. (who.int)
  • Risk and protective factors affecting adolescent reproductive health in developing countries) / R. W. Blum, Kristin Nelson Mmari. (who.int)
  • We assessed IMB, and alcohol-related variables at baseline, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months and modeled IMB constructs and alcohol-related factors as mediators of behavior change. (bsl.nl)
  • Alcohol use and related factors play critical roles in explaining HIV and STI risk reduction intervention effects. (bsl.nl)
  • Besides calculating frequencies univariate analysis was performed using t tests for continuous variables as age, age at first intercourse and average age of initiation of addiction and chi square for categorical variables like paid for sex or not to identify risk factors for hepatitis B and C and syphilis. (beds.ac.uk)
  • This cross-over study investigates health effects of dietary intake of whole walnuts towards cardiovascular risk factors in adults under low cardiovascular risk. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Health and Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Slums. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Cardiovascular risk factors and disease burden has been showed to affect more deeply to poorer populations. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The purpose of the study is to evaluate the influence of cardiovascular risk factors, heart failure and cardiovascular drug therapy on erectile function in cardiovascular high-risk patient. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The principal objective is analyzed whether a selective intervention no pharmacological (use of ABPM +/- prescription of physical exercise) for cardiovascular risk factors in patients with. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Microbiota-Host Crosstalk: A Bridge Between Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Diet, and Cardiovascular Disease. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Dementia risk assessment and risk reduction using cardiovascular risk factors. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Primary cardiovascular prevention through simultaneously targeting multiple risk factors may be even more effective than single risk factor modification in older adults. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Sex-Specific Associations of Risk-Based Alcohol Drinking Level with Cardiovascular Risk Factors and the 10-Year Cardiovascular Disease Risk Scores. (bioportfolio.com)
  • To assess sex-specific associations between risk-based alcohol drinking levels and the 10-year cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk scores and cardiovascular (CV) risk factors. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Gender-based violence (GBV) is common among female sex workers (FSWs) and is associated with multiple HIV risk factors, including poor mental health, high-risk sexual behavior, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). (springer.com)
  • We examined the association between lifetime patterns of GBV and HIV risk factors in 283 FSWs in Mombasa, Kenya. (springer.com)
  • Poulton, R, Childhood risk factors associated with adult obsessive-compulsive symptoms and obsessive-compulsive disorder , Psychological Medicine (In Press). (duke.edu)
  • Control of risk factors among people with diagnosed diabetes, by lower extremity disease status. (cdc.gov)
  • Use with caution in patients with history of seizure or risk factors for seizure ( 2.2 , 5.5 ). (nih.gov)
  • Consider additional risk factors for prolonged QT interval (disorders and drugs) ( 5.9 ). (nih.gov)
  • To examine the prevalence of gang involvement, the risk and protective factors associated with gang involvement, and the association between gang involvement and exposure to multiple risk and protective factors among school-aged youth in Trinidad and Tobago. (scielosp.org)
  • It measured 30 risk factors and 13 protective factors within four domains: community, school, family, and peer-individual, plus levels of alcohol/drug use and delinquency. (scielosp.org)
  • Additionally, the probability of gang involvement increased as the number of risk factors increased. (scielosp.org)
  • Although risk factors associated with gang involvement were present in all four domains, peer-individual risk factors were disproportionately likely to be associated with gang status. (scielosp.org)
  • The most effective gang prevention strategies might be those that focus on multiple risk factors, with an emphasis on peer-individual factors and promoting a "belief in moral order. (scielosp.org)
  • Risk factors for breast cancer according to estrogen and progesterone receptor status. (medscape.com)
  • Hormonal factors and the risk of invasive ovarian cancer: a population-based case-control study. (medscape.com)
  • They know how to identify student risk factors and help young people reduce their risky behavior and improve their personal health and academic performance. (cambridgecollege.edu)
  • Educates patients on cardiovascular/pulmonary topics including (but not limited to): Anatomy & Physiology, Cardiopulmonary Risk Factors, Stress Management, Exercise, and Medications. (monster.com)
  • Protective factors may buffer individuals from suicidal thoughts and behaviors. (jointcommission.org)
  • More than 60% of cancer-related deaths in the United States are attributable to tobacco use, poor nutrition, and physical inactivity, and these risk factors tend to cluster together. (rice.edu)
  • BACKGROUND: African Americans suffer disproportionately from the adverse consequences of behavioral risk factors for cancer relative to other ethnic groups. (rice.edu)
  • Objectives: To examine whether stress or depressive symptoms mediated associations between perceived discrimination and multiple modifiable behavioral risk factors for cancer among 1363 African American adults. (rice.edu)
  • BACKGROUND: In the 2.8 years of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) randomised clinical trial, diabetes incidence in high-risk adults was reduced by 58% with intensive lifestyle intervention and by 31% with metformin, compared with placebo. (nih.gov)
  • Risk-reduction counseling and indicated intervention services should be provided to reduce the risk for recurrent exposures. (cdc.gov)
  • This assessment approach will allow the investigators to examine the trajectory of HIV risk reduction change including the decay or emergence of intervention effects. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Patients assigned to Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP) will receive a weekly HIV risk reduction group level intervention led by two facilitators trained and supervised by the PI, a licensed clinical psychologist. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Students are exposed to current research on health education and communication, with particular focus on multilevel, ecological models of health and health behavior, design and evaluation of multifaceted intervention programs and patient-provider communication. (jhsph.edu)
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the underlying mechanisms driving condom use following a brief sexual risk reduction intervention grounded in the information, motivation, behavioral skills (IMB) model of behavior change. (bsl.nl)
  • Patients (n = 617) from an STI clinic in Cape Town, South Africa were randomly assigned to either a brief risk reduction intervention or an education-only control condition. (bsl.nl)
  • Results of growth-curve mediational modeling showed that 1 year after counseling, the intervention indirectly affected sexual risk behavior through alcohol-related constructs, but not IMB constructs. (bsl.nl)
  • Based on all information, we adapted the Holistic Health Recovery Program targeting people living with HIV (HHRP+), an EBI, to consist of eight 2-hour sessions that cover a range of specified topics so that participants may individually apply intervention content as needed to accommodate their particular substance abuse, HIV risk, and antiretroviral adherence issues. (hindawi.com)
  • Our research team has addressed this unmet need by conducting formative research designed to inform the selection, adaptation, and placement of an evidence-based secondary HIV risk reduction and antiretroviral adherence intervention specifically for implementation during the transition period when HIV-infected prisoners are preparing to return to the community. (hindawi.com)
  • A randomized control trial involving 763 adolescents (recruited during 2012-2014) who were randomly assigned to either an 8-session general health intervention (control) or an 8-session sexual risk reduction intervention (treatment). (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Effects of trauma intervention on HIV sexual risk behaviors among women with co-occurring disorders in substance abuse treatment. (springer.com)
  • He is an Assistant Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, continuing a 20-year affiliation with colleagues at the Addictive Behaviors Research Center and the Center for the Study of Health and Risk Behaviors through his role as an investigator on several studies evaluating prevention and intervention efforts for alcohol and drug use by college students. (washington.edu)
  • In May 2014 the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published updated practice guidelines recommending the use of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with daily oral dosing of tenofovir/emtricitabine to help prevent HIV infection in high-risk individuals (strength of recommendation, A). Knowledge of PrEP among primary care providers is low, however, and this intervention is likely reaching only a small fraction of eligible patients. (jabfm.org)
  • Which organizations have issued guidelines for pharmacologic intervention for breast cancer risk reduction? (medscape.com)
  • High rates of teen pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and associated sexual risk behaviors remain a troubling issue in the United States. (hhs.gov)
  • These behaviors increase the risks of pregnancy and STIs, including HIV. (hhs.gov)
  • The US Preventive Services Task Force recommends high-intensity behavioral counseling on sexual risk reduction for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) (grade B), but the time and resources required for such intensive counseling may be prohibitive for many providers and patients. (jabfm.org)
  • Electronic cigarettes as a harm reduction strategy for tobacco control: a step forward or a repeat of past mistakes? (nih.gov)
  • The issue of harm reduction has long been controversial in the public health practice of tobacco control. (nih.gov)
  • Health advocates have been reluctant to endorse a harm reduction approach out of fear that tobacco companies cannot be trusted to produce and market products that will reduce the risks associated with tobacco use. (nih.gov)
  • We then revisit the tobacco harm reduction debate, with a focus on these novel products. (nih.gov)
  • By dramatically expanding the potential for harm reduction strategies to achieve substantial health gains, they may fundamentally alter the tobacco harm reduction debate. (nih.gov)
  • We conducted a cross sectional study among registered IDUs of a needle exchange and harm reduction programme in Karachi, Pakistan. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Applying harm reduction strategies on college campuses. (washington.edu)
  • Harm Reduction: Pragmatic Strategies for Managing High-Risk Behaviors (2nd Ed.) (pp. 170-200). (washington.edu)
  • In 2015, she was invited to speak on her work at the White House and was honored with the New Investigator Award for her Harm Reduction Treatment development in the University of Washington Science-in-Medicine Lecture Series. (washington.edu)
  • Seema L. Clifasefi, PhD, is an associate professor and codirector of the Harm Reduction Research and Treatment (HaRRT) Center in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at the University of Washington-Harborview Medical Center in Seattle, WA. (washington.edu)
  • Harm reduction: Current status, historical highlights and basic principles. (washington.edu)
  • Extended-release naltrexone and harm reduction counseling for chronically homeless people with alcohol dependence. (washington.edu)
  • President Jim Yong Kim founded the Student Presidential Alcohol Harm Reduction Committee (SPAHRC) shortly after arriving at Dartmouth in 2009. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Today, the focus of the world's drug policy reform organisations is on the promotion of harm reduction in the Western World, and attempting to prevent the catastrophic loss of human life in developing countries where much of the world's supply of heroin, cocaine, and marijuana are produced. (wikipedia.org)
  • Harm reduction refers to a range of public health policies designed to reduce the harmful consequences associated with recreational drug use and other high risk activities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Harm reduction is put forward as a useful perspective alongside the more conventional approaches of demand and supply reduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • A central feature of drug decriminalization is the concept of harm reduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • To determine the prevalence of physician counseling about cardiovascular health and changes in individual behaviors, CDC analyzed data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) for seven states and Puerto Rico. (cdc.gov)
  • This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which indicate a lower prevalence of counseling and behavior change among persons without than with a history of heart disease or stroke. (cdc.gov)
  • 4 Male circumcision significantly reduces the risk of contracting HIV, but it has not been evaluated in low-prevalence settings and may not be acceptable to some uncircumcised men. (jabfm.org)
  • In the United States, the growing prevalence of chronic conditions such as obesity 1 has been attributed to an escalating prevalence of health-risk behaviors. (aafp.org)
  • This study was performed in order to determine the effect of community based educational prevention program of drug abuse in reduction of high risk behavior . (bvsalud.org)
  • The mean score of drug abuse related high risk behavior was 26.8 +/- 2.05 before educational program and 25.2 +/- 2.3 after the program. (bvsalud.org)
  • Our findings show that the WTP for reduced risk exposure is 15 per cent greater for medium, and 80 per cent greater for high risk levels, as compared with low risk levels. (repec.org)
  • This study provides a complete example of the process of selecting and adapting an EBI-taking into account both empirical evidence and input from target organization stakeholders and target population members and their families-for use in real world prison settings where high-risk populations are concentrated. (hindawi.com)
  • Prudent measures such as access to sterile syringes, rehabilitation and opiate substitution therapies are required to reduce high risk behaviors of IDUs in Pakistan. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Two main gaps are a lack of replication studies and the need for more research on Latino youth and other high-risk populations. (hhs.gov)
  • High risk women with co-occurring PTSD and addiction may benefit from treatment addressing coping skills and trauma to reduce HIV risk. (springer.com)
  • The National Cancer Institute, the United States Preventive Services Task Force, and the American College of Preventive Medicine do not endorse screening for PC in the general population or high-risk groups ( 2 , 3 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • In contrast, the American Cancer Society and the American Urological Association recommend annual screening for all men age 50 and older who have a life expectancy of at least 10 years and commencing at an earlier age (40-45) for men in high-risk groups such as African Americans and those with affected first-degree relatives (FDRs) ( 1 , 4 , 5 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • However, this model has provided insight into prevention and early detection behaviors including consumption of low-fat diets, alcohol use, high-risk sexual behaviors, and smoking cessation to prevent long-term chronic conditions ( 13 -19 ), and thus may be useful in understanding PSA testing. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The fourth and potentially most feasible strategy for clinicians and high-risk, HIV-negative patients is preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP)-the use of daily antiretroviral medication to reduce the risk of acquiring HIV infection. (jabfm.org)
  • 6 This recommendation is based on several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) 7 ⇓ ⇓ ⇓ - 11 and a Cochrane review 12 supporting the safety and efficacy of PrEP for high-risk individuals, including MSM, injection drug users (IDUs), and heterosexual women who have sex with MSM or IDUs. (jabfm.org)
  • The Vancouver Consensus, which emerged from the 2015 International AIDS Society Conference, states that PrEP "must be made available to protect those at high risk of acquiring HIV. (jabfm.org)
  • A survey instrument was administered to 2 206 students enrolled in 22 high-risk, urban public schools, from March June 2006. (scielosp.org)
  • [ 167 ] At this time, the ACS is in the process of updating the breast cancer screening guidelines for women at high risk, which were last updated in 2007. (medscape.com)
  • The guidelines featured major, intermediate, and minor "clinical predictors" of cardiovascular risk and promoted noninvasive cardiac stress testing for patients considered to be at high risk for cardiac events. (annals.org)
  • A model implemented by the Mississippi Delta Health Collaborative, University of Mississippi School of Pharmacy and Aaron E. Henry Community Health Center where health care extenders such as community health workers (CHWs) and pharmacists work closely with healthcare providers and patients at high risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes through education and counseling, communication with providers, and medication therapy management. (constantcontact.com)
  • Members of the Dartmouth community are working diligently to reduce high-risk drinking on campus. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Dartmouth recently added four staff positions to address high-risk drinking. (dartmouth.edu)
  • There is also a new position in the President's Office to lead student health efforts, with an emphasis on high-risk drinking and sexual assault. (dartmouth.edu)
  • In 2011, President Kim founded the National College Health Improvement Project ( NCHIP ) and the Dartmouth College Health Improvement Program (DCHIP) to tackle high-risk drinking using an evidence-based improvement model from the Institute for Healthcare Improvement (IHI). (dartmouth.edu)
  • Dartmouth students, faculty, and staff are working collaboratively to develop a comprehensive, evidence-based approach to reduce the harm associated with high-risk alcohol consumption. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Additionally, students who have engaged in high-risk alcohol consumption will participate in programs appropriate to their individual needs. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Primary Care Screening: In July 2011, Dartmouth began routinely screening students for high-risk drinking at health care appointments. (dartmouth.edu)
  • Addictive Behaviors, 28 , 947-961. (bsl.nl)
  • For ten years, he worked as an Addictive Behaviors Specialist in the Counseling Center at The Evergreen State College. (washington.edu)
  • Addictive Behaviors, 32 , 3026-3033. (washington.edu)
  • Born in Vancouver, British Columbia, in 1941, he spent his professional career as an addiction psychologist, researcher, and director of the University of Washington's Addictive Behaviors Research Center and professor in the Department of Psychology. (wikipedia.org)
  • HIV risk-related sex behaviors among injection drug users, crack smokers, and injection drug users who smoke crack. (springer.com)
  • Along with health screenings and tech demos, the day will include expert speakers addressing cardiac risks, cancer prevention, suicide, fitness requirements, and other issues related to health and safety. (nfpa.org)
  • HIV Treatment as Prevention: Primer for Behavior-Based Implementation provides the first practical guide to integrating behavioral prevention with antiretroviral therapies for people living with HIV infection. (springer.com)
  • HIV Treatment as Prevention: Primer for Behavior-Based Implementation summarizes the scientific evidence for advancing the use of antiretroviral therapies for HIV prevention. (springer.com)
  • Effects of Primary Cardiovascular Prevention on Vascular Risk in Older Adults. (bioportfolio.com)
  • The ASCO guidelines delineate the risk thresholds for use of individual agents, along with the benefits and risks that clinician and patient should discuss when considering endocrine therapy for primary breast cancer prevention. (medscape.com)
  • Strategies to reduce the risk for heart disease and stroke include lifestyle changes (e.g., eating fewer high-fat and high-cholesterol foods) and increasing physical activity. (cdc.gov)
  • The purpose of this paper is to provide and discuss a series of tools and strategies that can be used by health care providers to promote health behavior change in their practice. (elsevier.com)
  • The attempt of classifying in cardiovascular risk groups the patients through the present study, would facilitate the selection of the patients and their access to therapies and modern monitoring strategies. (knowcancer.com)
  • Increased understanding of how health consequences vary by GBV type and severity could lead to more effective programs to reduce HIV risk in this vulnerable population. (springer.com)
  • The theory seeks to explain health behavior change in terms of threat and coping appraisal. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Previous patient-level studies may have underestimated the strength of the relationship between BMD change and the effect of treatment on fracture risk or this relationship may be unique to denosumab. (whiterose.ac.uk)
  • However, sexual risk behavior has received less attention and has been shown to be more difficult to change. (drugabuse.gov)
  • HIV testing and behavior change (e.g. (slideserve.com)
  • Behavior change is possible! (slideserve.com)
  • If we hope to change behavior to reduce chronic illness, the way we pay for primary care services must be modified to incorporate these expenses. (aafp.org)
  • This study examined the health promotion model (HPM) as a framework for assessing perceptions and health-related behaviors related to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among blue-collar workers. (frontiersin.org)
  • Also, Asians tend to accumulate excess body fat in the abdominal region increasing risk for weight-related health problems such as type 2 diabetes, inflammation, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease [ 8 , 9 ]. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • Measurement of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in assessment and management of cardiovascular disease risk. (nih.gov)
  • Blood pressure (BP) is a long-established risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). (bioportfolio.com)
  • Participants adopting risk reduction behaviors regarding PM 2.5 exposure tended to be females, 50-60 year-olds, those with higher levels of knowledge about PM 2.5 and those who had children. (mdpi.com)
  • Participants reported food behaviors over the previous month related to weight management, portion size control, consumption of fruits, vegetables, and whole grain foods, physical activity, and stress management. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • Participants receiving SS who were at higher sexual risk (i.e., at least 12 USO per month) significantly reduced the number of USO over 12-month follow up compared to WHE. (springer.com)
  • Recent studies have identified innovative practice-based approaches to help patients reduce health-risk behaviors, well described as a critical dimension of primary care. (aafp.org)
  • He is also the current editor of the bimonthly journal AIDS and Behavior. (springer.com)
  • And so the public health revisionists are generating a remarkable body of excuses for the most avoidable and dangerous behaviors, particularly those relating to HIV/AIDS. (city-journal.org)
  • Descriptive analysis was used to describe demographics, outdoor physical activity patterns, knowledge of PM 2.5 and risk reduction behaviors. (mdpi.com)
  • Lifestyle medicine behaviors such as a healthy diet, physical activity, and tobacco avoidance, are the cornerstone of treatment in many chronic disease conditions, especially those related to the cardiovascular system. (elsevier.com)
  • Self-reported childhood sexual and physical abuse and adult HIV-risk behaviors and heavy drinking. (springer.com)
  • Dating violence includes a pattern of behavior in which a person who is or has been in a social relationship of romantic or intimate nature with another person uses or threatens to use physical violence, coercion or other forms of mental/emotional abuse to control that person. (wiu.edu)
  • Women with Sexual GBV had higher scores for disordered alcohol use than women with Low GBV , but similar sexual risk behavior. (springer.com)
  • Reinforced risk-reduction counselling in pregnant couples, couples desiring children and couples with HIV− women having outside partners or using alcohol or injectable or oral contraception are indicated. (bmj.com)
  • Dose-dependent reduction of hazardous alcohol use in a placebo-controlled trial of naltrexone for smoking cessation. (yale.edu)
  • La encuesta medía 30 factores de riesgo y 13 factores protectores en cuatro ámbitos diferentes: la comunidad, la escuela, la familia y los compañeros individuales, además de los niveles de consumo de alcohol o drogas y la delincuencia. (scielosp.org)
  • Informing and educating people about risks and risk assessment in general. (cdc.gov)
  • Risk Assessment of Radon in Drinking Water. (worldcat.org)
  • I thought you might be interested in this item at http://www.worldcat.org/oclc/923257137 Title: Risk Assessment of Radon in Drinking Water. (worldcat.org)
  • Candidates access and analyze youth risk behavior data, use backwards design, infuse performance indicators, and plan assessment and instruction, including a skills-based unit and lesson plans. (cambridgecollege.edu)
  • Risk reduction behaviors among individuals undergoing cancer risk assessment. (aacrjournals.org)
  • A. One of the main causes of chronic diseases is unhealthy activities and behaviors. (brightkite.com)
  • However, these results show that the expenses for initiatives to reduce unhealthy behaviors may be prohibitive for most primary care practices, which often lack the capital to initiate or maintain services at this expense level. (aafp.org)
  • The U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) encourages all women to adopt behaviors that can prevent HIV infection and to learn their HIV status through counseling and voluntary testing. (nih.gov)
  • 72 hours after nonoccupational exposure to blood, genital secretions, or other potentially infectious body fluids of a person known to be HIV infected, when that exposure represents a substantial risk for transmission, a 28-day course of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) is recommended. (cdc.gov)
  • Antiretroviral therapy cannot replace behaviors that help avoid HIV exposure (e.g., sexual abstinence, sex only in a mutually monogamous relationship with a noninfected partner, consistent and correct condom use, abstinence from injection-drug use, and consistent use of sterile equipment by those unable to cease injection-drug use). (cdc.gov)
  • We report on the process and outcome of our formative research aimed at systematically selecting and adapting an EBI designed to reduce secondary HIV risk and improve adherence to antiretroviral therapy among soon-to-be-released HIV-infected prisoners. (hindawi.com)
  • Evidence is mounting to support the observation that antiretroviral agents may be able to play an important role in reducing the risk for HIV transmission. (who.int)
  • In fact, 80% of premature heart disease, stroke, and diabetes may be prevented through modification of these behaviors. (elsevier.com)
  • Behavior Modification, 32 , 611-621. (springer.com)
  • 2013 ACC/AHA guideline on the treatment of blood cholesterol to reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk in adults: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. (nih.gov)
  • To explore the effect of providing lymphedema information on breast cancer survivors' symptoms and practice of risk-reduction behaviors. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • In clinical practice, nurses and other healthcare professionals could consider taking the initiative to provide adequate and accurate information and engage breast-cancer survivors in supportive dialogues concerning lymphedema risk-reduction. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Antidepressants increased the risk (compared to placebo) of suicidal thinking and behavior (suicidality) in children, adolescents, and young adults in short term studies of major depressive disorder (MDD) and other psychiatric disorders. (drugs.com)
  • To investigate psychosocial determinants of obesity risk reduction behaviors and sub-group analyses based on gender, age, and country of origin in Chinese Americans residing in the New York metropolitan area. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • Background: Prominent theories of drug use underscore the importance of considering the inter-relationships (e.g., reciprocal relations, indirect effects) of determinants of drug use behavior. (rice.edu)
  • Social normative influences in adopting food-related behaviors need to be highlighted in males and younger adults. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • 2013 ACC/AHA guideline on the treatment of blood cholesterol to reduce atherosclerotic cardiovascular risk in adults: a report of the American Coll. (nih.gov)
  • 72 hours after nonoccupational exposure to blood, genital secretions, or other potentially infectious body fluids of a person of unknown HIV status, when such exposure would represent a substantial risk for transmission if the source were HIV infected, no recommendations are made for the use of nPEP. (cdc.gov)
  • Long-term exposure to therapy may translate into substantial persistent metabolic risk. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Conclusion Reductions in self-reported unprotected sex after CVCT were substantial and sustained. (bmj.com)
  • Substantial improvement was hygiene behavior. (cdc.gov)
  • 1090 words - 4 pages Core Elements of Health Education and Risk Reduction Activities A number of core elements should be considered in health education and risk reduction program and evaluation activities. (brightkite.com)
  • This study examined correlations between breast cancer recurrence, risk reduction beliefs, and related behaviors among African American breast cancer survivors (AA BCSs). (mdpi.com)
  • Providing lymphedema information has an effect on symptom reduction and more risk-reduction behaviors being practiced among breast cancer survivors. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • An increased risk for obesity-related diseases at lower body mass indexes magnify the urgency of investigating obesity related issues in this population. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • Nineteen obesity risk reduction behaviors were measured along with psychosocial constructs derived from the Theory of Planned Behavior. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • Regression analysis of an index of 19 obesity risk reduction behaviors indicated 27.1% of the variance in behavior was accounted chiefly by intention, attitude, and perceived behavioral control. (clinmedjournals.org)
  • Some of these habits include losing the desire to exercise, poor eating practices, and eventually increasing the risk of heart disease, obesity, and diabetes to name a few. (brightkite.com)
  • 1. Drinking beverages with large amounts of added sugar place individuals at a higher risk of obesity and diabetes. (brightkite.com)
  • A Conceptual Framework for the Impact of Obesity on Risk of Cesarean Delivery. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Because of the risk of severe neutropenia , Versacloz is available only through a restricted program under a Risk Evaluation Mitigation Strategy (REMS) called the Clozapine REMS Program [see WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS ]. (rxlist.com)
  • This study examined the theories used to understand CVD risk perceptions and health-related behaviors among workers, with a specific focus on blue-collar jobs. (frontiersin.org)
  • The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of comprehensive health risk protection behaviors, knowledge, attitudes, and practices among scavengers in open dump sites. (biomedsearch.com)
  • But the modern miasmaticians assert that to study individual risk behaviors, such as drug use or smoking, "blames the victim"-at least when that victim is poor, female, or black. (city-journal.org)
  • In this study, variables from Protection Motivation Theory were used to identify predictors of prostate specific antigen (PSA) testing in this at-risk population. (aacrjournals.org)
  • One 2014 study of physicians in Massachusetts showed that although 99% of infectious disease specialists and 83% of generalists had heard of PrEP, only 40% of each group thought that PrEP should be readily available to all at-risk persons. (jabfm.org)
  • Colditz GA, Rosner B. Cumulative risk of breast cancer to age 70 years according to risk factor status: data from the Nurses' Health Study. (medscape.com)
  • This study evaluated a five-session HIV risk reduction group therapy designed specifically for men. (drugabuse.gov)
  • PURPOSE The goal of this study was to investigate the association between blood draws, injections, blood pressure readings, trauma, cellulitis in the at-risk arm, and air travel and increases in arm volume in a cohort of patients treated for breast cancer and screened for lymphedema. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The impact of radiation therapy on the risk of lymphedema after treatment for breast cancer: a prospective cohort study. (semanticscholar.org)
  • The aim of this study is to demonstrate the way in which the lipid profile is influenced and to quantify the cardiovascular risk for the patients radically treated of thyroid cancer, by total thyroidectomy, metabolic irradiation and undergoing a chronic thyroid hormone treatment. (knowcancer.com)
  • People with schizophrenia have decreased oxytocin levels, which are associated with an impaired ability to identify facial emotions and decreased prosocial behaviors. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Data were collected using a demographic and medical information interview tool, two questions regarding status of receiving lymphedema information, the Lymphedema and Breast Cancer Questionnaire, and Lymphedema Risk-Reduction Behavior Checklist. (ingentaconnect.com)
  • Tang, M. Risk Reduction Behaviors Regarding PM 2.5 Exposure among Outdoor Exercisers in the Nanjing Metropolitan Area, China. (mdpi.com)
  • Xiong L, Li J, Xia T, Hu X, Wang Y, Sun M, Tang M. Risk Reduction Behaviors Regarding PM 2.5 Exposure among Outdoor Exercisers in the Nanjing Metropolitan Area, China. (mdpi.com)
  • 72 hours after exposure if, in their judgment, the diminished potential benefit of nPEP outweighs the risks for transmission and adverse events. (cdc.gov)
  • For all exposures, other health risks resulting from the exposure should be considered and prophylaxis administered when indicated. (cdc.gov)
  • We review the empirical valuation literature on pesticide risk exposure and develop a taxonomy of environmental and human health risks associated with pesticide usage. (repec.org)
  • Meta-analysis is then used to investigate the variation in willingness to pay (WTP) estimates for reduced pesticide risk exposure. (repec.org)
  • The income elasticity of reduced pesticide risk exposure is generally not significantly different from zero. (repec.org)
  • A Meta-Analysis of the Willingness to Pay for Reductions in Pesticide Risk Exposure ," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19524, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association). (repec.org)
  • info/fl u/eng/news.htm year in 2010 versus 14.4 in 2006 As exposure risk has declined (as a 5. (cdc.gov)
  • Live an estimated average of 0.57 exposures/ perceived infection risk also declined, poultry exposure, Hong Kong and Hanoi, 2006. (cdc.gov)
  • Elderly patients with dementia-related psychosis treated with antipsychotic drugs are at an increased risk of death. (rxlist.com)
  • Studies have even linked social isolation to a greater risk of dementia and breast cancer , and more damaging and deadly strokes. (everydayhealth.com)
  • All antipsychotics are associated with an increased risk of death when used in elderly people, especially those with dementia , and they are not approved for this use. (drugs.com)
  • Of greatest concern are medication adherence and risks for contracting other sexually transmitted infections. (springer.com)
  • C. Opinion Statement: Increasing the awareness of positive behaviors and activities early in a child's life will potentially reduce the chronic disease rate it this generation as well as future generations. (brightkite.com)
  • These include a focus on intentions to obtain a PSA test rather than actual behavior as the primary outcome, cross-sectional measurement of health beliefs and PSA testing behavior, and no or partial application of a theoretical framework or model. (aacrjournals.org)
  • In premenopausal women who are at least 35 years old and have completed childbearing, tamoxifen (20 mg/day for 5 years) remains the standard of care for risk reduction. (medscape.com)
  • Anastrozole, exemestane, or raloxifene should not be prescribed for breast cancer risk reduction in premenopausal women. (medscape.com)
  • Endogenous steroid hormone concentrations and risk of breast cancer among premenopausal women. (medscape.com)