Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives.

Retirement is no excuse for physical inactivity or isolation. (1/1834)

At all age levels and especially in the elderly population, a sedentary lifestyle and low fitness levels are independent risk factors for all causes of mortality, including cardiovascular mortality. Exercise improves cardiovascular outcomes by increasing vagal activity and attenuating sympathetic hyperactivity. The risk of diabetes mellitus type 2 developing is reduced by 40% in men of normal weight and 60% in overweight men when on a regular exercise program. Physical activity in the elderly sustains cerebral perfusion, maintaining cognitive function. Isolation, which is not uncommon among the elderly, fosters cognitive decline. Stimulating mental activity can protect against dementia.  (+info)

Accuracy of responses from postal surveys about continuing medical education and information behavior: experiences from a survey among German diabetologists. (2/1834)

BACKGROUND: Postal surveys are a popular instrument for studies about continuing medical education habits. But little is known about the accuracy of responses in such surveys. The objective of this study was to quantify the magnitude of inaccurate responses in a postal survey among physicians. METHODS: A sub-analysis of a questionnaire about continuing medical education habits and information management was performed. The five variables used for the quantitative analysis are based on a question about the knowledge of a fictitious technical term and on inconsistencies in contingency tables of answers to logically connected questions. RESULTS: Response rate was 52%. Non-response bias is possible but seems not very likely since an association between demographic variables and inconsistent responses could not be found. About 10% of responses were inaccurate according to the definition. CONCLUSION: It was shown that a sub-analysis of a questionnaire makes a quantification of inaccurate responses in postal surveys possible. This sub-analysis revealed that a notable portion of responses in a postal survey about continuing medical education habits and information management was inaccurate.  (+info)

Physician perceptions of primary prevention: qualitative base for the conceptual shaping of a practice intervention tool. (3/1834)

BACKGROUND: A practice intervention must have its basis in an understanding of the physician and practice to secure its benefit and relevancy. We used a formative process to characterize primary care physician attitudes, needs, and practice obstacles regarding primary prevention. The characterization will provide the conceptual framework for the development of a practice tool to facilitate routine delivery of primary preventive care. METHODS: A focus group of primary care physician Opinion Leaders was audio-taped, transcribed, and qualitatively analyzed to identify emergent themes that described physicians' perceptions of prevention in daily practice. RESULTS: The conceptual worth of primary prevention, including behavioral counseling, was high, but its practice was significantly countered by the predominant clinical emphasis on and rewards for secondary care. In addition, lack of health behavior training, perceived low self-efficacy, and patient resistance to change were key deterrents to primary prevention delivery. Also, the preventive focus in primary care is not on cancer, but on predominant chronic nonmalignant conditions. CONCLUSIONS: The success of the future practice tool will be largely dependent on its ability to "fit" primary prevention into the clinical culture of diagnoses and treatment sustained by physicians, patients, and payers. The tool's message output must be formatted to facilitate physician delivery of patient-tailored behavioral counseling in an accurate, confident, and efficacious manner. Also, the tool's health behavior messages should be behavior-specific, not disease-specific, to draw on shared risk behaviors of numerous diseases and increase the likelihood of perceived salience and utility of the tool in primary care.  (+info)

Regular use of aspirin and pancreatic cancer risk. (4/1834)

BACKGROUND: Regular use of aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) has been consistently associated with reduced risk of colorectal cancer and adenoma, and there is some evidence for a protective effect for other types of cancer. As experimental studies reveal a possible role for NSAIDs is reducing the risk of pancreatic cancer, epidemiological studies examining similar associations in human populations become more important. METHODS: In this hospital-based case-control study, 194 patients with pancreatic cancer were compared to 582 age and sex-matched patients with non-neoplastic conditions to examine the association between aspirin use and risk of pancreatic cancer. All participants received medical services at the Roswell Park Cancer Institute in Buffalo, NY and completed a comprehensive epidemiologic questionnaire that included information on demographics, lifestyle factors and medical history as well as frequency and duration of aspirin use. Patients using at least one tablet per week for at least six months were classified as regular aspirin users. Unconditional logistic regression was used to compute crude and adjusted odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: Pancreatic cancer risk in aspirin users was not changed relative to non-users (adjusted OR = 1.00; 95% CI 0.72-1.39). No significant change in risk was found in relation to greater frequency or prolonged duration of use, in the total sample or in either gender. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that regular aspirin use may not be associated with lower risk of pancreatic cancer.  (+info)

HIV infection and pregnancy status among adults attending voluntary counseling and testing in 2 developing countries. (5/1834)

OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the impact of HIV voluntary counseling and testing (VCT) on reproduction planning among 1634 adults in 2 sub-Saharan countries. METHODS: Data were obtained from a multisite randomized controlled trial. RESULTS: At 6 months post-VCT, the women more likely to be pregnant were younger (odds ratio [OR] = 2.5; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.0, 6.5), not using contraceptives (OR = 0.1; 95% CI = 0.1, 0.3), and HIV infected (OR = 3.0; 95% CI = 1.3, 7.0). An interaction emerged linking pregnancy intention at baseline and HIV serostatus with pregnancy at follow-up (OR = 0.1; 95% CI =.0, 0.4) Partner pregnancy rates did not differ by HIV serostatus among men. CONCLUSIONS: HIV diagnosis may influence reproduction planning for women but not for men.  (+info)

Reductions in injury crashes associated with red light camera enforcement in oxnard, california. (6/1834)

OBJECTIVES: This study estimated the impact of red light camera enforcement on motor vehicle crashes in one of the first US communities to employ such cameras-Oxnard, California. METHODS: Crash data were analyzed for Oxnard and for 3 comparison cities. Changes in crash frequencies were compared for Oxnard and control cities and for signalized and nonsignalized intersections by means of a generalized linear regression model. RESULTS: Overall, crashes at signalized intersections throughout Oxnard were reduced by 7% and injury crashes were reduced by 29%. Right-angle crashes, those most associated with red light violations, were reduced by 32%; right-angle crashes involving injuries were reduced by 68%. CONCLUSIONS: Because red light cameras can be a permanent component of the transportation infrastructure, crash reductions attributed to camera enforcement should be sustainable.  (+info)

Will screening mammography in the East do more harm than good? (7/1834)

OBJECTIVES: We sought to systematically review the evidence for population-based mammography as applied to a Chinese population. METHODS: Primary reports for meta-analysis were identified by a search of MEDLINE and the Cochrane Library. Outcome measures included breast cancer-related mortality, the number needed to be screened to prevent 1 death, and the positive predictive value of mammography. RESULTS: Pooled relative risk for breast cancer-related death in the screened group was 0.80 (95% confidence interval = 0.71, 0.90). Applied to Hong Kong, this figure translates into a number needed to screen of 1 302 healthy women screened annually for 10 years to prevent 1 death. CONCLUSIONS: Evidence is insufficient to justify population-based breast cancer screening by mammography for women in Hong Kong and other Asian populations with low breast cancer prevalence.  (+info)

A stage model for assessing a community-based diabetes prevention program in Sweden. (8/1834)

Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes, with a prevalence of at least 4% in Sweden. Aiming at primary prevention of the disease, the Stockholm Diabetes Prevention Program (SDPP) was developed as a joint program between the Departments of Endocrinology, Social Medicine and Epidemiology at the Karolinska Institute. The program was designed to include three stages, i.e. a combined baseline and aetiological study, a community-based intervention program and a follow-up study after 10 years. In 1995, the intervention program was initiated in Stockholm County with the aim of reducing the incidence of type 2 diabetes. The intervention has focused on the whole adult population in three intervention municipalities, where the local authorities have been involved in planning, initiating and implementing the program. Activities to prevent diabetes, aiming at risk factors such as obesity, low physical activity, dietary habits and tobacco use, have been initiated together with people from different fields and backgrounds, and with different ideas and approaches to health promotion and diabetes prevention. This paper provides a description and reflects upon the development and implementation process of SDPP as well as its interaction with the intervention communities. The stage model that was used for planning SDPP will be used for describing the various phases of the program. Over the period of the program, interest and responsibility has grown at the municipal authorities. The program has been a concern for the municipalities, as the program intermediate goals are also important for other health promotion issues.  (+info)

Title:Sexual Risk Reduction Interventions for HIV Prevention among South AfricanYouth: A Meta-Analytic Review. VOLUME: 11 ISSUE: 7. Author(s):Lori A.J. Scott-Sheldon, Paige Walstrom, Abigail Harrison, Seth C. Kalichman and Michael P. Carey. Affiliation:The Miriam Hospital, Centers for Behavioral and Preventive Medicine, CORO West, Suite 309, 164 Summit Ave., Providence, RI 02906, USA.. Keywords:HIV, intervention, meta-analysis, sex, South Africa, youth.. Abstract:Objectives: To examine the efficacy of sexual risk reduction interventions among South African youth. Methods: Electronic databases were searched to identify studies published between 2007 and early 2013. Studies were eligible if they (1) targeted youth age 9-26, (2) evaluated sexual risk reduction interventions and (3) reported at least one behavioral outcome. Independent raters coded study characteristics, and intervention content. Weighted mean effect sizes were calculated; positive effect sizes indicated less sexual risk behavior ...
Incarcerated adolescents represent a group at high risk for health consequences associated with risky sexual behaviors. Condom use is more common with non-main than main sex partners and substance use in conjunction with sexual risk also appears to vary by partner type. The research team will conduct a small randomized trial to pilot test a partner-specific HIV risk reduction intervention for currently or recently incarcerated adolescents who report problematic substance use. Participants will be randomized to a 5 session HIV risk reduction group intervention based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills model, or a 5 session healthy lifestyles psychoeducation intervention, and then reassessed 3 months after their access to the general community is reinstated. The main hypothesis is that participants in the HIV risk reduction intervention condition will have lower levels of sex-related HIV risk behavior and of substance use in conjunction with sexual risk, relative to those in a healthy ...
Incarcerated adolescents represent a group at high risk for health consequences associated with risky sexual behaviors. Condom use is more common with non-main than main sex partners and substance use in conjunction with sexual risk also appears to vary by partner type. The research team will conduct a small randomized trial to pilot test a partner-specific HIV risk reduction intervention for currently or recently incarcerated adolescents who report problematic substance use. Participants will be randomized to a 5 session HIV risk reduction group intervention based on the Information-Motivation-Behavioral Skills model, or a 5 session healthy lifestyles psychoeducation intervention, and then reassessed 3 months after their access to the general community is reinstated. The main hypothesis is that participants in the HIV risk reduction intervention condition will have lower levels of sex-related HIV risk behavior and of substance use in conjunction with sexual risk, relative to those in a healthy ...
In this study, oxygen reduction behavior of TiH2 powders during dehydrogenation process was investigated based on thermodynamics. During the hydrogenation–dehydrogenation (HDH) method to fabricate Ti powder, TiH2 was formed from a Ti sponge through hydrogenation annealing, and was easily pulverized even by ball milling due to its brittle nature. The ball milling process caused an increase in the oxygen concentration from 0.133 to 0.282 wt %, and transmission electron microscopy and X-ray photoelectron Spectroscopy results demonstrated that the formation of oxide layers such as TiO and TiO2 formed on the surface of the TiH2 powder resulted in the higher oxygen content. Dehydrogenation, which is the process originally conducted to eliminate hydrogen from TiH2, was used to remove and/or reduce oxygen, resulting in the reduction of the oxygen concentration from 0.282 to 0.216 wt %. Thermodynamic calculations confirmed the possibility of oxygen reduction by atomic hydrogen but molecular hydrogen has no
Adult, Aged, Antihypertensive Agents, Biomarkers, Blood Pressure, Cardiology, Cardiovascular Agents, Cardiovascular Diseases, Chronic Disease, Delivery of Health Care, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2, Diabetic Angiopathies, Diagnostic Imaging, Diet, Drug Combinations, Early Diagnosis, Electronic Health Records, Evidence-Based Medicine, Exercise, Female, General Practice, Health Promotion, Hospitalization, Humans, Hypercholesterolemia, Hypertension, Life Style, Lipids, Male, Medication Adherence, Middle Aged, Nurses Role, Obesity, Patient Selection, Physicians Role, Primary Health Care, Prognosis, Risk Assessment, Risk Reduction Behavior, Self Care, Smoking, Smoking Cessation, Smoking Prevention, Socioeconomic Factors, Stress, Psychological. ...
February - Heart Health. Heart disease remains the number one killer of both men and women in the United States.1 While heart disease is often viewed as something to worry about when you get older, an estimated six in 10 preventable heart disease and stroke deaths happen to people under age 65.2 That is OVER HALF! The key risk factors for heart disease are high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking. The good news is that heart health can be improved at any age by eating a nutritious diet, exercising most days of the week, maintaining a healthy weight, and quitting tobacco. This toolbox contains resources to help find tips and strategies that have proven effective. Fortunately, these same risk reduction behaviors pertain to nearly all chronic conditions. You can promote better health by using the materials located in the toolbox for activities, education, and programs. Remember, its never too late to start protecting heart health. ...
Download The Portfolio Diet For Cardiovascular Disease Risk Reduction Full Book, Available in PDF, ePub, Tuebl, Textbook and Kindle. Read Online FREE book in a
Breast cancer is the most commonly diagnosed invasive cancer among women. Many factors, both genetic and non-genetic, determine a womans risk of developing breast cancer and several breast cancer risk prediction models have been proposed. It is vitally important to risk stratify patients as there are now effective preventive strategies available. All women need to be counseled regarding healthy lifestyle recommendations to decrease breast cancer risk. As such, management of these women requires healthcare professionals to be familiar with additional risk factors so that timely recommendations can be made on surveillance/risk-reducing strategies. Breast cancer risk reduction strategies can be better understood by encouraging the women at risk to participate in clinical trials to test new strategies for decreasing the risk. This article reviews the advances in the identification of women at high risk of developing breast cancer and also reviews the strategies available for breast cancer prevention.
Context: The burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) continues to be a public health concern. Workplace interventions that focus on modifying lifestyle habits may reduce CVD risk factors in people at risk. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of a comprehensive lifestyle intervention program that integrated dietary modification, physical activity, stress management, and behavior modification counseling to reduce the risk of CVD in at-risk adults. Methods: Twelve 1-year cohorts who participated in a comprehensive employer-sponsored lifestyle intervention program targeting diet, exercise, behavior modification, and stress management between 2006 and 2010 at a rural university in Appalachian Ohio were studied. Body composition, fasting glucose and lipid levels, and maximal oxygen consumption were measured at baseline, after 100 days, and at 1 year. Repeated-measures analyses of variance were conducted to compare measures at baseline with measures at 100 days and at 1 year. Results: Seventy-four ...
Dive into the research topics of Projected impact of polypill use among US adults: Medication use, cardiovascular risk reduction, and side effects. Together they form a unique fingerprint. ...
To review human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk reduction interventions among injecting drug users (IDUs) that have adopted a network approach.,The design and outcomes of selected network-based interventions among IDUs are reviewed using the network concepts of the dyad (two-person relationship), the personal risk network (an index person and all of his or her relationship), and the sociometric network (the complete set of relations between people in a population) and community.,In a dyad intervention among HIV-serodiscordant couples, many of which included IDUs, there were no HIV seroconversions. Participants in personal risk network interventions were more likely to reduce drug risks and in some of these interventions, sexual risks, than were participants in individual-based interventions. Sociometric network interventions reached more IDUs and may be more cost-effective than individual-based interventions.,Network-based HIV risk reduction interventions among IDUs, and others at risk for ...
This study investigated the impact of HeartMaths Power to Change Performance stress and health risk reduction program on physiological and psychological stress and health risk factors in a sample of correctional peace officers. Eighty-eight officers from three facilities were randomized to an experimental group and a wait-list control group. The experimental group participated in the stress and health risk reduction program, which was delivered over two consecutive days. The program included instruction on health risk factors as well as training in positive emotion-focused stress reduction techniques intended to reduce negative emotional arousal, improve physiological balance, increase positive affect, and enhance performance. Learning and practice of the techniques was enhanced by heart rate variability feedback, which helped participants learn to self-generate physiological coherence, a beneficial mode associated with increased efficiency and synchronization in the functioning of physiological
My previous blog on consent touched briefly on the topic of power differentials conferred by hierarchical social positions, which I think warrants further examination on how it impacts sexual violence prevention. Interventions that target individual actions, behaviors, and knowledge are known as risk-reduction strategies. Such strategies rely on the individual capacity to protect oneself from…
The Section for Preventive Cardiology and Rehabilitation helps those who already have heart and vascular disease and those who are at high risk of developing it with programs that include nutritional services, prescriptive exercise programs, stress testing, multiple cardiovascular risk reduction programs, peripheral vascular rehabilitation program in collaboration with Vascular Medicine, comprehensive cardiovascular care for women, and educational programs for patients and healthcare providers.
The Section for Preventive Cardiology and Rehabilitation helps those who already have heart and vascular disease and those who are at high risk of developing it with programs that include nutritional services, prescriptive exercise programs, stress testing, multiple cardiovascular risk reduction programs, peripheral vascular rehabilitation program in collaboration with Vascular Medicine, comprehensive cardiovascular care for women, and educational programs for patients and healthcare providers.
Background: The University of Pittsburgh HIV/AIDS program provides care to over 1,500 HIV-infected persons. MSM and MSM who use injection drugs (MSM-IDU) represent 58% of the clinic population. Since 2010, there has been a steady increase in new syphilis diagnoses from 1.5% to 4% with the majority of cases representing re-infection. The CDC RESPECT protocol was adapted for implementation with HIV-positive MSM to reduce high-risk sexual behaviors through client-centered discussions.. Methods: This is a longitudinal descriptive research project intended to inform on: (1) the feasibility of implementing RESPECT using a peer counselor; (2) the compendium of client-identified risk reduction strategies, and; (3) the effectiveness of risk reduction strategies.. Results: Between 9/29/2010 through 7/9/2012, 161 non-duplicated clients were referred to RESPECT. Unsafe oral sex was the predominant sexual risk category (73.1%) followed by unsafe sex involving friends with benefits, group sex, or sex with a ...
The health effects of where people live, work, and interact are well documented, as are the value of neighborhood-level structural interventions designed to improve health. But place-based characteristics that contribute to disparities in HIV transmission and disease burden are poorly understood, possibly resulting in less-effective HIV risk reduction interventions and programming.. ...
Organizations can create a successful risk reduction program by clearly defining and adhering to processes for reporting, investigating and addressing the causes of accidents.. ...
Click Here to Purchase Tickets // GSI TRRP Training 2019 WHO & WHAT:Texas Risk Reduction Program regulations (TRRP; 30 TAC 350) establish con...
Those with ≥150 min per week in moderated or vigorous activities were low risk while those with less than 150 or sedentary activity were higher risk.
To deploy effective COVID-19 prevention and risk reduction strategies, its important to learn the immune response to COVID-19. Heres what we know.
© 2017, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. Purpose: The purpose of this section is to provide a detailed review of high-risk lesions and their associated risk of upgrade at surgical excision in order to guide in management and appropriate risk reduction strategies. Recent Findings:
The Institute for Diabetes Research and Metabolic Diseases IDM, Tübingen Lifestyle Intervention Program TULIP, International Graduate Program 1302
This report summarizes the collaborative efforts, activities and progress of the Pesticide Risk Reduction Program since 2003 in developing and implementing a reduced-risk strategy to manage Ascochyta blight disease of chickpea in Canada. The Programs Ascochyta blight strategy was developed in collaboration with pulse industry representatives including grower groups, commodity experts, researchers, and government specialists.. The objective of this strategy is to reduce risks to humans and to the environment from pesticides used to control Ascochyta blight in chickpea, while helping growers to ensure viable disease management and farm profitability. Within this strategy, pesticide risks and pest management issues are identified, reduced-risk solutions to address these issues are discussed and prioritized, and a plan of actions to support the strategy implementation is developed and carried out.. Chickpea is an important pulse crop in western Canada and is a priority commodity for the Program. ...
The electrochemical properties of two Ni(NNN)X2 pincer complexes are reported where X = Cl or Br and NNN is N,N′-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)bis-aldiminopyridine. Cyclic voltammetry under 1 atm of CO2 suggests electrocatalytic CO2 reduction activity, however, bulk electrolysis shows a poor Faradaic efficiency for
Bhatt DL, Steg G, Miller M, et al. Cardiovascular Risk Reduction with Icosapent Ethyl for Hypertriglyceridemia. N Engl J Med. 2019;380:11-22.
When the program participants were compared to their control group peers, the program participants had, on average, a 35% lower risk of having Chlamydia than the control participants (RR, 0.65; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.98; P=.04). Overall, participants in the program condition had higher self-reported condom use during sexual activity in the previous 14 days (P=.004) and 60 days (P
Solicitations of bids for specific implementation projects are posted on the government procurement website,, periodically as the requirements are developed by strategy implementation working groups. Emphasis is on projects that will lead to adoption of reduced-risk pest management tools or systems, and can be implemented within a relatively short timeframe of about three years.. Postings may include requirements for research and demonstration trials, workshops, strategy support (literature reviews, development of a strategic plan, measurement of risk reduction, etc.), and others for implementation of reduced-risk pest management solutions.. For more information, please contact:. Leslie ...
As mentioned, cultural factors may strongly influence risk behaviors of Latinos. For example, machismo may make it more difficult for Latinas to discuss condoms with their partners.(37) This issue was investigated by Suarez-Al-Adam et al.(38) in a sub-sample of Latinas who participated in a larger-scale intervention that recruited participants from sexually transmitted disease clinics and social service agencies in New Jersey.(39) All of the Latinas were recruited from social service agencies. More than half (60%) of the Latina participants had been born in Puerto Rico, 18% were from the U.S., another 18% had been born in Latin America and 4% from the Caribbean. Eighty-three percent of the women chose to be interviewed in English. The investigation compared 2 interventions that both took place over 7 sessions and were conducted in small, all-female groups. The control intervention consisted of a health-promotion information, and the experimental group received an HIV risk-reduction intervention. ...
The massive outbreak of cholera in 2008 that affected over 100 000 people and killed 4 000 and the measles outbreak of 2009 and early 2010 which affected over 10,544 with over 520 deaths, were testimony to the status of the social service system and a wake up call for everyone.. Urgent and important steps needed to be taken to reverse the tide. The Government, with the support of donors, launched several initiatives to address the underlying causes of cholera. These included the Emergency Rehabilitation and Risk Reduction programme, the Bulawayo Water and Sewerage Response programme, and Zim-Fund. These initiatives have contributed to the recovery of the water and sanitation sector and to reductions in cholera cases and other related deaths.. Transition funds were set up in health, education, and child protection which brought partners together to plan and coordinate national scale interventions at sectoral level under the leadership of the ministries of Health and Child Care, Primary and ...
To maximize the public health benefit of expenditures on HIV prevention, treatment and care in Sub Saharan Africa programs are needed that synergistically combine intervention strategies, target the intensity of interventions to attributable risk, support couples to reduce their risk of HIV transmission within the partnership, and facilitate safe and acceptable uptake of available treatment and prevention services. The goal of this study is to advance methodological innovations in the support of cost- effective combination HIV prevention programs. The study will develop reliable indicators for intervention exposure using biometric identifiers, develop indicators that capture dynamic multi-component risk reduction strategies, establish proof of concept for the combination and scalability of proven HIV intervention components never before brought to scale (HIV self-testing, PrEP for discordant couples), carefully assess the safety and acceptance of the strategy, and examine important operational ...
We evaluated the extent to which cardiovascular risk-reducing behaviors are initiated as a result of knowledge of newly detected coronary artery disease, based on test results from noninvasive electron beam computed tomography (EBCT). A total of 703 men and women, aged 28 to 84 years, asymptomatic a …
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic illness that requires continuing medical care and ongoing patient self-management education and support to prevent acute complications and to reduce the risk of long-term complications. Diabetes care is complex and requires multifactorial risk reduction strategies beyond glycemic control. A large body of evidence exists that supports a range of interventions to improve diabetes outcomes ...
I try to stay up-to-date as much as possible with primary literature, but also review articles and other publications related to diabetes. A recent article caught my eye in late 2018 and has caused a buzz among colleagues, practitioners and other individuals involved with diabetes education and management. In November 2018, the American College of Cardiology (ACC) published the 2018 ACC Expert Consensus Decision Pathway on Novel Therapies for Cardiovascular Risk Reduction in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease. This article was timely given the recent updates in the American Diabetes Association and European Association for the Study of Diabetes consensus guidelines on the management of hyperglycemia for type 2 diabetes (T2DM).. In the ACC publication, the focus is solely on patients with T2DM and ASCVD; therefore, the article extensively reviews the role of sodium glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor ...
This is a brand new event for 2021 and will be a roundup of the latest developments Professional Pensions has to offer. This will include regulatory updates, the latest innovation in investments, risk reduction strategies, and funding targets for both DB and DC schemes. This event will take a workshop format with an emphasis on networking with delegates - this will involve smaller groups of delegates and a more informal presentation format. ...
Mediation is known for its several benefits and, according to a recent study, meditation may also help in cardiovascular risk reduction.
Telmisartan Market by Indication (Hypertension and Cardiovascular Risk Reduction) and Distribution Channel (Hospital Pharmacies, ...
Ramveda 10 MG Tablet is used for hypertension, cardiovascular risk reduction etc. Know Ramveda 10 MG Tablet uses, side-effects, composition, substitutes, drug interactions, precautions, dosage, warnings only on | Practo
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Scientific evidence suggests that its important to use a disciplined lifestyle in preventing chronic diseases. Some research sometimes contradicts that,
A recent study reported in JAMA Oncology evaluated 10-year and 20-year breast cancer-specific mortality following diagnosis and treatment of ductal carcinoma i
Individual-level and group-level risk reduction interventions are effective in increasing condom use and reducing unprotected sex.
The Community Risk Reduction (CRR) division is responsible for identifying and prioritizing local risks, followed by the integrated and strategic investment of resources to reduce their occurrence and impact. In other words, community risk reduction is a process to help communities find out what their risks are and develop a plan to reduce the risks. The CRR division is responsible for the development and delivery of the following public safety programs: plan review, fire code enforcement, fire & explosion investigations, public education, and water supply.
This career development program will foster the applicants ability to become an independent investigator by providing didactic course work, structured mentorsh...
The evaluated SMBG-structured lifestyle intervention is applicable to motivate individuals with type 2 diabetes for lifestyle changes. Integration of this short-term, highly motivational, and low-cost intervention into basic therapy for patients without insulin therapy could strengthen patient empow …
Hello everyone, I have a question regarding Absolute Risk Reduction (ARR) vs Relative Risk Reduction (RRR) in what a study is powered to detect. The article...
Lifestyle changes can have drastic impact on your heart health. Get tips about making lifestyle changes for a healthy heart from Discovery Health.
Posted April 20, 2018. Learning the unspoken behaviors Women are smart?much smarter than us it seems to me. This is especially the case in the realm of practical human engagement. They have to be. They live in a world dominated by us, a world in which they are constantly eyed, lusted after, flirted with, and sometimes molested by mammals?that?s. read more. ...
This free training course shows you how to finally break free of your nice guy habits ruining your sex life.. Fill out form below to start your FREE Course. Enter your email for a chance!. ...
When you think about purchasing a new family car, you must take into consideration various coordinates that may make your and your fami
If youre wondering how to look younger, try making some of these easy lifestyle changes that have both health and anti-aging benefits.
If someone told you there were simple steps that could minimize bladder leakage, youd probably give them a try. Check out the 5 lifestyle changes you can make today.
Staying Safe participants plan in advance how to access new equipment prior to using drugs.9 They also share harm reduction strategies and new injection ...
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International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction. 42: 101336. doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2019.101336. ISSN 2212-4209. S2CID 204358110 ... Tony R., DeMars (2000). Modeling Behavior from Images of Reality in Television Narratives. US: The Edwin Mellen Press, Ltd. p. ... Actual crime statistics showed the risk to be 1 in 10,000. Supporting this finding is a survey done with college students that ... Gerbner found that heavy viewers of news were more likely to overestimate crime rates and risk of personal exposure to crime ...
Marlatt AG, Larimer ME (2012). Marlatt AG (ed.). Harm Reduction: Pragmatic Strategies for Managing High Risk Behaviors (Second ... Marlatt GA, Tapert SF (1993). Harm reduction: Reducing the risks of addictive behaviors. CA: Sage Publications. pp. 243-273. " ... ISBN 978-1-4625-0256-1. Harm Reduction International. "What is Harm Reduction?". Harm Reduction International. Retrieved 5 ... Marlatt GA (November-December 1996). "Harm reduction: come as you are". Addictive Behaviors. 21 (6): 779-788. doi:10.1016/0306- ...
"Highlights of Harm Reduction". Harm Reduction: Pragmatic Strategies for Managing High-Risk Behaviors. Guilford Press. p. 3. ... Harm reduction is put forward as a useful perspective alongside the more conventional approaches of demand and supply reduction ... Institute for Behavior and Health. Retrieved 16 October 2021. World health report 2002: reducing risks, promoting healthy life ... Harm reduction refers to a range of public health policies designed to reduce the harmful consequences associated with ...
Pragmatic Strategies for Managing High-Risk Behaviors. Guilford Publications. ISBN 978-1-4625-0256-1. Retrieved 2017-12-27. ... Marlatt, G.A.; Larimer, M.E.; Witkiewitz, K. (2011). Harm Reduction, Second Edition: ... Harm Reduction Journal, 14 (3): 3, doi:10.1186/s12954-017-0132-7, PMC 5237277, PMID 28086787 Sullum, Jacob (December 1, 2006 ...
Local tsunami behavior and recommendations for tsunami disaster risk reduction". International Journal of Disaster Risk ... In April, before paid claims totaled the US$1 billion mark, the Catastrophe Risk Evaluation and Standardizing Target ... Reduction. 21: 323-330. doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.12.016. ISSN 2212-4209.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors ...
Local tsunami behavior and recommendations for tsunami disaster risk reduction". International Journal of Disaster Risk ... Reduction. 21: 323-330. doi:10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.12.016. ISSN 2212-4209. "Tsunami-waarschuwing voor Fukushima na zware ...
... cultural-based disaster risk reduction), ecological conservation, harmony of life, tolerance; Traditional Medicine: healing ... and various other structured behaviors. Thus, cultural heritage is shared by a community or community and experiences ... Knowledge and Habits of Behavior Regarding Nature and the Universe, consisting of: Knowledge about nature, (microcosm, ...
In 2018, 930,172 people benefited from PCI's risk reduction and resilience programming globally. The organization also ... more than 1.4 million community members participated in peer/self-help groups to improve health and nutrition behaviors. That ...
... as a form of STI risk reduction appeared in journalism as early as 1984, in the British publication The Daily ... Likewise, some safe sex practices, such as partner selection and low-risk sex behavior,[example needed] might not be effective ... Safe sex is regarded as a harm reduction strategy aimed at reducing the risk of STI transmission. Although some safe sex ... The advantages of outercourse include no risk of pregnancy without penile-vaginal penetration and the behaviors permit ...
The efficacy of an integrated risk reduction intervention for HIV-positive women with child sexual abuse histories. AIDS and ... "Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior Gail E. Wyatt, Ph.D."{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link) "Faculty ... Does a history of trauma contribute to HIV risk for women of color? Implications for prevention and policy. American Journal of ... Behavior, 8(4), 453-462. Wyatt, G. E., Myers, H. F., Williams, J. K., Kitchen, C. R., Loeb, T., Carmona, J. V., ... & Presley, ...
"Community AIDS/HIV risk reduction: the effects of endorsements by popular people in three cities". American Journal of Public ... Peer education is the teaching or sharing of health information, values and behavior in educating others who may share similar ... So, for instance, if local norms regarding sexuality and gender put people's health at risk, this approach argues that peers ... Peer educators can be effective role models for young adolescents by promoting healthy behavior, helping to create and ...
May 2016). "Abstinence Funding Was Not Associated With Reductions In HIV Risk Behavior In Sub-Saharan Africa". Health Affairs. ... There are criticisms that this program did not do much to reduce HIV-risk behavior, and critics such as John Dietrich expressed ... It also aids the ability to manage risk and improve women's well-being. It can result in approaches to support trivialized ... Releasing personal information on websites has put some women's personal safety at risk. In 2010, Working to Halt Online Abuse ...
Pragmatic strategies for managing high-risk behaviors. 2nd Ed., New York: Guilford Press.ISBN 9781462502561 "Harm Reduction ... In 2017, Next Harm Reduction in New York State began distributing naloxone and other harm reduction supplies by mail to those ... Noting the high risk of overdose among people with HIV who inject drugs, international HIV donors including the President's ... Harm reduction organizations providing needle and syringes to those injecting drugs have been particularly involved in naloxone ...
Tamara Goldman Sher and Donald H. Baucom (2001). "Mending a broken heart: A couples approach to cardiac risk reduction". ... This grant is part of Sher's work with the National Institute of Health's Behavior Change Consortium. Sher's research has been ... "A Couples Intervention for Cardiac Risk Reduction". Archived from the original on 2009-01-15. Retrieved 2008-11-29. NIH ... National Institute of Health's Behavior Change Consortium [1] Archived 2012-04-25 at the Wayback Machine Northwestern ...
"Young Men's Health Project - Best Evidence (Risk Reduction)" (PDF). October 13, 2017. "Complete , Risk Reduction ... and sexual risk behavior in a daily diary study of gay and bisexual men". Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. 24 (3): 487-497. ... He was known for his research on HIV risk behaviors of gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM), HIV-related ... Alexander Siegel on understanding the health risk behaviors of adolescents, with a primary focus on substance use. Parsons was ...
Risk Reduction Self-efficacy and Sexual Behavior". AIDS and Behavior. 11 (3): 471-478. doi:10.1007/s10461-006-9162-y. ISSN 1090 ... She also conducts investigations of HIV and HPV transmission and associated risk behaviors. Wood was awarded a fellowship at ... AIDS and Behavior, The Archives of Dermatology, The Journal of Clinical Microbiology, The Expert Review of Vaccines, Seminars ...
... there was a reduction in risk with antidepressants compared to placebo in adults aged 65 and older. Depression and certain ... maprotiline increased the risk compared to placebo of suicidal thinking and behavior (suicidality) in children, adolescents and ... or young adult must balance this risk with the clinical need. Short-term studies did not show an increase in the risk of ... Anyone considering the use of maprotiline in a child or adolescent must balance the potential risks with the clinical need. In ...
In such packages, it is unclear what the relative contribution of needle exchange may be to reductions in risk behavior and HIV ... It is based on the philosophy of harm reduction that attempts to reduce the risk factors for blood-borne diseases such as HIV/ ... HIV prevention programmes that include NSE reduce drug-related HIV risk behaviors and enhance the impact of harm reduction ... Burris S, Beletsky L, Burleson J, Case P, Lazzarini Z (2007). "Do Criminal Laws Influence HIV Risk Behavior? An Empirical Trial ...
Other studies have found similar results, including a reduction of abuse risk post-treatment compared to the waitlist control. ... and destructive behavior. The ECBI is a 36-item behavior scale that is used to track disruptive behaviors in children. It was ... Behaviors such as arguing and aggression in children are reinforced by parent behaviors (e.g., withdrawal of demands), but ... Examples of parent behavior categories are direct and indirect commands, behavior descriptions, reflective statements, praise, ...
Epidemiologic studies provide useful information regarding the magnitude of STD risk reduction associated with condom use. ... because such studies would involve observations of private behaviors, several published studies have demonstrated that failure ... While condom use has been associated with a lower risk of cervical cancer, the use of condoms should not be a substitute for ... Condom use may reduce the risk for HPV-associated diseases (e.g., genital warts and cervical cancer) and may mitigate the other ...
... high-risk alcohol use, and HIV-transmission-risk behavior. This treatment has been adapted for sexual minority women, Black and ... In waitlist trials, the treatment has shown significant reductions in depression, ... Burton, Charles; Clark, Kirsty; Pachankis, John (2020). "Risk from within: Intraminority gay community stress and sexual risk- ... and high-risk substance use. Across his career, Pachankis has studied the social determinants and psychological consequences of ...
... such as reductions in predation risks. These changes in foraging range indicate that the dusky parrotfish is able to make small ... changes to its grazing behavior under short-term disturbances; however, it is unclear whether these compensatory mechanisms can ... The reductions in grazing can cause algal turfs, which are non-palpable to the swarthy parrotfish. The dusky parrotfish are ...
... of hazard controls provides a policy framework which ranks the types of hazard controls in terms of absolute risk reduction. At ... These educational programs for farm workers are most effective when they are based on health behavior theories, use adult ... Any of these can discourage wearers from using PPE correctly, therefore placing them at risk of injury, ill-health or, under ... Biological hazard - Biological material that poses serious risks to the health of living organisms Blunt trauma personal ...
His clinical practice and research addresses obesity prevention and treatment, chronic disease risk reduction, health behavior ... WebMD: "An Easier Way to Assess Body Fat and Health Risks." May 11, 2012. Arthritis Today: "Obesity May Be a Risk Factor for ... Health Behavior Change in Populations. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2013 (in press). • Barnard N, Weissinger R, Jaster B, ... Intentional weight loss and dose reductions of anti-diabetic medications - a retrospective cohort study. PLoS One. 2012;7(2): ...
He met physician Joseph Sonnabend and became a patient, learning from Sonnabend the practices for risk reduction that would ... His early work with Sonnabend and singer and activist Michael Callen noted behaviors including drug use, multiple sexual ...
So that cancels out the risk reduction that the technology of condoms ought to provide." Green also stated, "the distribution ... He also noted evidence of changes in sexual behavior and HIV-prevention success in other countries. Green summarizes the book's ... Green argued that the tendency of people in steady relationships to avoid using condoms, and the "risk compensation" phenomenon ... He has published extensively on indigenous African healing roles and behaviors, as well as underlying health-related knowledge ...
Pandor A, Kaltenthaler E, Higgins A, Lorimer K, Smith S, Wylie K, Wong R (February 2015). "Sexual health risk reduction ... It can mean two similar things: the behavior itself, the description of the partner's behavior. The behavior could be ... and risky sexual behavior. According to the National Youth Behavior Risk Survey, 19% of all sexually active adolescents in the ... behaviors or practices (including assertiveness skills) and could lead to a reduction in risky sexual behavior. There are ...
"High HCV seroprevalence and HIV drug use risk behaviors among injection drug users in Pakistan". Harm Reduction Journal. 3: 26 ... Sharing blood in this manner carries a very high risk of transmitting viruses such as hepatitis and HIV, which are prevalent ... "KENYA: 'Flash blood' puts drug users at risk of HIV", PlusNews, February 24, 2010. Accessed July 12, 2010. McCurdy, SA; Ross, ... "the highest possible risk" of transmitting hepatitis and HIV. Dr. Nora Volkow of the National Institute on Drug Abuse called it ...
At the second level is real-time risk reduction, which involves providing users at severe risk with a specific warning to ... Road behavior and rules have developed to prioritize certain types of traffic. Important people traversing crowded streets and ... poses several risks. The more serious risk is a collision with oncoming traffic. Since this is nearly a head-on collision, ... a measure of national health risk), the number of vehicle kilometres driven (a measure of the transport risk) as well as the ...
Rhodes, Tim (2009). "Risk environments and drug harms: A social science for harm reduction approach". International Journal of ... Rhodes' Risk Environment Framework explains substance use harms as results of reciprocal relationships between human behavior ... health care legislations). According to this theory, harm reductions and interventions should consider all aspects of risk ... 1 2021 Rhodes, Tim; Simic, Milena (2005). "Transition and the HIV risk environment". BMJ. 331 (7510): 220-223. doi:10.1136/bmj. ...
July 2020). "Wide-scope target analysis of emerging contaminants in landfill leachates and risk assessment using Risk Quotient ... "Differential accumulation and elimination behavior of perfluoroalkyl Acid isomers in occupational workers in a manufactory in ... Redox manipulation (chemical oxidation and reduction technologies). *Membrane filtration. *Reverse osmosis. *Nanofiltration[167 ... Emerging chemical risks in Europe - 'PFAS' Archived February 6, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, European Environment Agency, 2019 ...
"Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 49: 206-215. doi:10.1016/j.bbi.2015.06.001. PMC 4566946. PMID 26065825.. ... It has been shown that the reduction of abdominal obesity by exercise in human adults can be reversed by the IL-6 receptor ... Obesity is a known risk factor in the development of severe asthma. Recent data suggests that the inflammation associated with ... IL-6 receptor was found upregulated in high-risk MDS patients. The inhibition of IL-6 signaling pathway can significantly ...
... this is called execution risk. The main, rare risks are counterparty risk, and liquidity risk: that a counterparty to a large ... Excessive gray market arbitrage will lead to arbitrage behaviors in formal channels, which will reduce returns due to factors ... resulting in significant expense reductions for employers.[15] ... Credit risk and duration risk are largely eliminated in this ... removing the low-risk loan from its portfolio. On the other hand, if the real risk is higher than the regulatory risk then it ...
Some teachers feel that technology is not the solution and see it as a risk. Therefore, technology is not always being used to ... These include investments in pre-kindergarten programs, class size reduction, small schools, curricular reform, alignment of ... Computers in Human Behavior. 22 (5): 816-829. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2004.03.006.. ... Campbell, F. A.; Ramey, C. T. (1995). "Cognitive and school outcomes for high-risk African-American students at middle ...
Cooper to create a program for candidates taking the Financial Risk Manager exam offered by the Global Association of Risk ... The entire editorial board of the European Law Journal resigned over a dispute about contract terms and the behavior of its ... In August 2009, the company announced a proposed reduction of Wiley-Blackwell staff in content management operations in the UK ... The program will be built on the existing Wiley efficient learning platform and Christian's legacy Financial Risk Manager[34] ...
"North Cascade Glacier Terminus Behavior". Nichols College. Retrieved August 7, 2016.. *^ U.S. Geological Survey. "Glacier ... These include a reduction in area of 35.7%, from 2.41 km2 (600 acres) to 1.55 km2 (380 acres), a loss in total ice volume of ... One major concern is the increased risk of Glacial Lake Outburst Floods (GLOF), which have in the past had great effect on ... "Terminus Behavior of Juneau Icefield Glaciers 1948-2005". North Cascade Glacier Climate Project. Retrieved August 7, 2016.. ...
Risk-reduction mechanisms can include the "use of specialized distribution partners", special pharmacy.[47] ... "The secret firm at the heart of Valeant's crisis has an alleged history of shady behavior with customers". Business Insider ... Main article: Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategies. On September 27, 2007 President George W. Bush amended the Food and ... "Risk evaluation and mitigation strategies". RX Wiki. 10 February 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2015.. ...
On the front of the neck due to the risk of an acute hypotension (through a vasovagal response) or even a laryngospasm[52][54] ... The pain reduction ability of TENS is so far, unconfirmed by sufficient randomized controlled trials. One meta-analysis of ... Behavior. 173: 209-215. doi:10.1016/j.physbeh.2017.02.014. PMID 28213205. S2CID 1816117.. ... Over the eyes due to the risk of increasing intraocular pressure[52] ...
... reduction in risk of pneumonia compared with controls." Moreover, "the risk of pneumonia was also reduced in patients treated ... angiotensin-mediated drinking behavior. *proteolysis. *regulation of cytokine production. *positive regulation of reactive ... who are at particularly high risk of pneumonia. ACE inhibitors also lowered the risk of pneumonia related mortality, mainly in ... Our results suggest an important role of ACE inhibitors, but not ARBs, in reducing the risk of pneumonia. These data may ...
There is also evidence the programming of adult male sexual behavior in many vertebrates is largely dependent on estradiol ... During pregnancy, high levels of estrogens, namely estradiol, increase coagulation and the risk of venous thromboembolism. ... and increased wrinkling of the skin and a reduction in skin elasticity, firmness, and strength.[25][26] These skin changes ... From Genes to Behavior. Oxford University Press. pp. 64-. ISBN 978-0-19-804255-6. . Estradiol levels are minimal during the ...
Health, Behavior and Society. *Health Policy and Management[30]. *International Health[31] ... Relative risk. *Statistical hypothesis testing *Analysis of variance (ANOVA). *Regression analysis. *ROC curve ... Harm reduction. *Health economics. *Health literacy. *Health policy *Health system. *Health care reform ...
High treatment-seeking behaviors[8]. *Adverse health behaviors[7]. PGD is also a risk factor a variety of somatic symptoms[8] ... Emotional numbness (absence or marked reduction of emotional experience) as a result of the death ... "Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior. 21 (3): 245-258. doi:10.1111/j.1943-278x.1991.tb00948.x. ISSN 0363-0234. PMID 1759298.. ... These risk factors and clinical correlates have been largely shown to relate to PGD symptoms and not symptoms of major ...
Behavior. Winter dormancy. Snake coiled on a stick in Oklahoma. It was brumating in a large pile of wood chips, found by this ... Snakes that are at a high risk of predation tend to be plain, or have longitudinal stripes, providing few reference points to ... Recent studies suggests that hind limb reduction could be due to mutations in enhancers for the SSH gene,[86] however other ... Snakes have a wide diversity of skin coloration patterns which are often related to behavior, such as the tendency to have to ...
... intermediate risk' or 'low-risk' based on risk stratification tools.[28][23] More specific tests such as implantable loop ... Arterial disease in the upper spinal cord, or lower brain that causes syncope if there is a reduction in blood supply. This may ... Syncope may be caused by specific behaviors including coughing, urination, defecation, vomiting, swallowing (deglutition), and ... Risk toolsEdit. The San Francisco syncope rule was developed to isolate people who have higher risk for a serious cause of ...
... reduction in collection points would greatly increase the likelihood of business audits, making tax evasion behavior much more ... which would create a paper trail for evasion with risk of having the buyer turn them in (the FairTax authorizes a reward for ... This reduction would be from the removal of the remaining embedded costs, including corporate taxes, compliance costs, and the ... which are very unlikely to evade the FairTax and risk losing their business licenses.[45] Economic Census figures for 2002 show ...
"Harm Reduction Journal. 16 (1): 60. doi:10.1186/s12954-019-0330-6. PMC 6854679. PMID 31722732.. ... Smoking problems: Any route of administration poses its own set of health risks; in the case of crack cocaine, smoking tends to ... and violent behavior.[12] Large amounts can induce tremors, vertigo, muscle twitches, paranoia, or, with repeated doses, a ... During the early months of pregnancy, it may increase the risk of miscarriage. Later in pregnancy, it can trigger preterm labor ...
Laser-assisted hair removal is effective.[11] There is a risk of skin discoloration and a very small risk of scarring.[9] ... but it is hypothesized that straighter hair growth is caused by the reduction of sulfhydrylbonds in the hair shaft by glycolic ... A common polymorphism in a keratin gene (K6hf) has been linked to PFB, suggesting that it may be a genetic risk factor.[10] ... Evidence for a Risk Factor in the Etiology of the Common Hair Disorder Pseudofolliculitis Barbae". Journal of Investigative ...
Away from humans, over time, these animals' patterns of behavior revert to behavior more closely resembling that of wild horses ... "Pest animal risk assessment - Feral Horse" (PDF). Queensland Primary Industries and Fisheries. June 2009. Archived from the ... and advocates for feral horses recommending reduction in the numbers of domestic livestock allowed to graze on public lands. ... If a feral population lives close to civilization, their behavior can lead them to damage human-built livestock fencing and ...
It is also estimated that there will be a reduction of print material in the coming years, as print media moves online.[14] ... Which can cause problem when their stunts become a flop when compared to smaller business, as they do not run as much risk, as ... are used to create a connection with the target consumer and influence the behavior.[7] Traditional methods of communication ...
The relative risk reduction was 16% when highest and lowest intake groups were compared. The benefit was progressive as dietary ... "Does the evidence make a difference in consumer behavior? Sales of supplements before and after publication of negative ... The risk reduction was 19% when highest and lowest intake groups were compared. The authors concluded that randomized ... reduction in relative risk of age-related cataracts (ARC), with the effect due to differences in nuclear cataract rather than ...
Another application is CADq, which quantifies, e.g., the size of a tumor or the tumor's behavior in contrast medium uptake. ... Image noise reduction. *Leveling (harmonization) of image quality (increased contrast) for clearing the image's different basic ... Reliable early-detection and risk-stratification of carotid atherosclerosis is of outmost importance for predicting strokes in ... In 2011, Wu and Wang proposed using DWT for feature extraction, PCA for feature reduction, and FNN with scaled chaotic ...
"Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization. 69 (2): 148-159. doi:10.1016/j.jebo.2007.09.008. ISSN 0167-2681.. This estimate ... Despite the risks to their careers, some Communist Party members openly laid blame for the disaster at the feet of the Party ... Famine deaths and the reduction in number of births caused the population of China to drop in 1960 and 1961.[47] This was only ... Yu, Verna (2008). "Chinese author of book on famine braves risks to inform new generations Archived 2019-02-26 at the Wayback ...
"Optimal Foraging & Risk of Predation: Effects on Behavior & Social Structure in Ungulates". Journal of Mammalogy. 80 (4): 1114 ... Tolerance is the ability of a plant to withstand damage without a reduction in fitness.[49] This can occur by diverting ... "Journal of Insect Behavior. 9 (5): 659-672. doi:10.1007/BF02213547. ISSN 1572-8889. S2CID 42555491.. ... For example, the model would be used to look at the browsing behavior of a deer while looking for food, as well as that deer's ...
Neurotoxic behavior of Aluminium is known to occur upon entry into the circulatory system, where it can migrate to the brain ... Chan, H. M. (2011) "Mercury in Fish: Human Health Risks." Encyclopedia of Environmental Health: 697-704. ... "From the Cover: Long-lasting Reduction in Hippocampal Neurogenesis by Alcohol Consumption in Adolescent Nonhuman Primates" ... Bleich, S (2003). "Hyperhomocysteinemia as a New Risk Factor for Brain Shrinkage in Patients with Alcoholism". Neuroscience ...
O'Donohue, William; Ferguson, Kyle E. (2006). "Evidence-based practice in psychology and behavior analysis". The Behavior ... least risk of fatality, greatest quality of life, and lowest risk of relapse and legal issues including arrest and ... reduction in crime committed by drug addicts; and treatment of other comorbid conditions such as AIDS, hepatitis and mental ... feelings and behaviors, addressing the root cause of maladaptive behavior. Cognitive-behavioral therapy treats addiction as a ...
... behavior-modification techniques can be an effective way of decreasing the maladaptive behavior of these clients. Interventions ... In order to continue to provide effective long-term treatment to at-risk populations, further efforts are needed to encourage ... Preyde (2011)[42] found that clients showed a statistically significant reduction in symptom severity 12-18 months after ... Behavioral interventions have been very helpful in reducing problem behaviors in residential treatment centers.[9] The type of ...
Stress reductionEdit. Research has shown stress reduction benefits from mindfulness.[68][69][70] A 2019 study tested the ... "Psychology Research and Behavior Management. 8: 171-180. doi:10.2147/PRBM.S31458. ISSN 1179-1578. PMC 4492627. PMID 26170728.. ... including a high risk for bias due to the connection of researchers to the TM organization and the selection of subjects with a ... and a reduction in anxiety.[53][52] Reductions in rumination also have been found following mindfulness meditation practice, ...
... reduction) and Germany (24.2 p.p. reduction), the taxes and transfers in the Nordic countries are smaller on average.[68] ... "Perspectives on Behavior Science. 42 (4): 815-834. doi:10.1007/s40614-019-00227-w. PMC 6901638. PMID 31976461.. ... Free trade combined with collective risk sharing (welfare social programmes and labour market institutions) which has provided ... "Behavior and Social Issues. 26: 172. doi:10.5210/bsi.v26i0.7317. ISSN 1064-9506.. ...
Capital bearing risk includes debentures (risk is to pay interest) and preference capital (risk to pay dividend at fixed rate). ... The reduction in taxes permits more of the company's operating income to flow through to investors. The related increase in ... Korajczyk, Robert; Lucas, Deborah; McDonald, Robert (1990). "Understanding stock price behavior around the time of equity ... That is, as leverage increases, risk is shifted between different investor classes, while the total firm risk is constant, and ...
... disease risk is particularly pertinent to mental illnesses, whereby chronic or severe stress remains a common risk factor for ... Calderon, R.; Schneider, R. H.; Alexander, C. N.; Myers, H. F.; Nidich, S. I.; Haney, C. (1999). "Stress, stress reduction and ... Aggressive behavior has also been associated with abnormalities in these systems.[36] ... Health risk factors[edit]. Both negative and positive stressors can lead to stress. The intensity and duration of stress ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. W. ...
British Journal of Sports Medicine Jul 2018, 52 (13) 851-858; DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-097025 ...
Changes in Sexual Behavior and Condom Use Associated with a Risk-Reduction Program -- Denver, 1988-1991 Human immunodeficiency ... HIV risk behavior reduction following intervention with key opinion leaders of population: an experiment analysis. Am J Public ... factors outside the risk-reduction program may have accounted for some of the reported changes in behavior. For example, sexual ... Stall RD, Coates TJ, Hoff C. Behavioral risk reduction for HIV infection among gay and bisexual men. Am Psychol 1988;43:878-85 ...
... 0-9. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. M. N. O. P. Q. R. S. T. U. V. W. ...
Build general support for safe behavior. * Support personal risk reduction. * Inform persons at risk about infection and how to ... Risk Reduction Program Plans. An effective risk reduction program plan includes the following: * Protocols and procedures ... HEALTH EDUCATION AND RISK REDUCTION ACTIVITIES. Individual and Group Interventions. Health education and risk reduction ... Risk Reduction Counseling. The purpose of risk reduction counseling is to provide counseling and health education interventions ...
Op-ed: Harm reduction: an effective framework for treating high-risk behaviors by Dr. Lauren Prest Guest Columnist May 19, ... Those involved in caring for and treating people who engage in habitual, high-risk substance use and addiction behaviors know ... Harm reduction does not promote drug use. In communities using harm reduction methods, drug use and crime rates both decline. ... Tagged: harm reduction, moab regional hospital, op-ed SUPPORT THE SUN. The Moab Sun News relies on support from businesses and ...
Risk Reduction Behavior* * Weight Reduction Programs * Whites* / statistics & numerical data ...
Reduction in risk-taking behaviors among MSM in Senegal between 2004 and 2007 and prevalence of HIV and other STIs. ELIHoS ... "Reduction in risk-taking behaviors among MSM in Senegal between 2004 and 2007 and prevalence of HIV and other STIs. ELIHoS ... HIV prevalence; Africa; men having sex with men; sexual behaviors; condom use. ...
Trends in Injection Risk Behaviors among People Who Inject Drugs and the Impact of Harm Reduction Programs in Ukraine, 2007- ... Trends in Injection Risk Behaviors among People Who Inject Drugs and the Impact of Harm Reduction Programs in Ukraine, 2007- ... Trends in Injection Risk Behaviors among People Who Inject Drugs and the Impact of Harm Reduction Programs in Ukraine, 2007- ... T1 - Trends in Injection Risk Behaviors among People Who Inject Drugs and the Impact of Harm Reduction Programs in Ukraine, ...
Behavior modification and risk factor reduction * Medical therapy * Antimicrobial prophylaxis (in selected patients) with ... Sustained reductions in invasive pneumococcal disease in the era of conjugate vaccine. J Infect Dis. 201(1). 2010 Jan 1:32-41. ... Sustained reductions in invasive pneumococcal disease in the era of conjugate vaccine. J Infect Dis. 2010 Jan 1. 201(1):32-41. ... High-risk age groups (children younger than 5 years, particularly aged 2 years or younger; adults older than 55-65 years) ...
Reduction in Sexual Risk Behaviors Among College Students Following a Comprehensive Health Education Abstract. The article ... Turner, J. C., Korpita, E., Mohn, L., & Hill, W. B. (1993). Reduction in sexual risk behaviors among college students following ... The intervention was associated with short-term reduction of sexual risk behaviors that varied according to students gender. ... The perceived impact of instructor behaviors on participation varied somewhat by gender and expected course grade. Among the ...
Problematic Sexual Behavior-Cognitive Behavior Therapy (PSB-CBT); Risk Reduction Family Therapy (RRFT); Modified TF-CBT for ... The Child and Family Research Unit promotes health and wellness for underserved and at-risk populations through research, ... These includes: Trauma Focus Cognitive Behavior Therapy (TF-CBT); ... and high-risk environments since 1977. The overall goal of this NCTSN Category III project is to improve access to and ...
The following are the four major types of risk communication programs, categorized according to their primary objectives. ... Type 2: Behavior Change and Protective Action. *Encouraging personal risk-reduction behavior. EXAMPLE: Using advertisements to ... Informing and educating people about risks and risk assessment in general. EXAMPLE: Using statistical comparisons of risks from ... Risk Communication Objectives as a Measure of Effectiveness. Historical Document. This document is provided by the Agency for ...
Behavior modification and risk factor reduction * Medical therapy * Antimicrobial prophylaxis (in selected patients) with ... Sustained reductions in invasive pneumococcal disease in the era of conjugate vaccine. J Infect Dis. 201(1). 2010 Jan 1:32-41. ... Sustained reductions in invasive pneumococcal disease in the era of conjugate vaccine. J Infect Dis. 2010 Jan 1. 201(1):32-41. ... High-risk age groups (children younger than 5 years, particularly aged 2 years or younger; adults older than 55-65 years) ...
Pill Use Is Associated with Reductions in Overall Risk of Cancer and in Risk of Main Gynecologic Cancers ... Changes in Sexual Risk Behavior as Young Men Transition to Adulthood Jacinda K. Dariotis, Freya L. Sonenstein, Gary J. Gates, ... Prevalence of Sexual Risk Behaviors Among U.S. High School Students Declined Between 1991 and 2007 Lisa Melhado ... Teenagers Sexual Identity May Not Reflect Behavior; Both Are Linked to Risk D. Hollander ...
1.2 Reduction in the Risk of Recurrent Suicidal Behavior in Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder 2 DOSAGE AND ... 1.2 Reduction in the Risk of Recurrent Suicidal Behavior in Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder. Clozapine tablets are ... Suicidal behavior refers to actions by a patient that put him/herself at risk for death. ... The effectiveness of clozapine tablets in reducing the risk of recurrent suicidal behavior was demonstrated over a two-year ...
Community Risk Reduction. Posted on: September 13, 2022. Burglary and Vehicle Pursuit. Posted on: August 16, 2022 ... PRPD Receives Grant to Deter Unsafe Behaviors, Increase Safety. Posted on: November 4, 2022 ...
Peer educators demonstrate behaviors that can influence the community norms in order to promote HIV/AIDS risk reduction within ... Risk Reduction Counseling The purpose of risk reduction counseling is to provide counseling and health education interventions ... RISK REDUCTION ACTIVITIES Individual and Group Interventions Health education and risk reduction activities are targeted to ... Risk Reduction Program Plans An effective risk reduction program plan includes the following: - Protocols and procedures ...
Risk Reduction Behaviors. Social Determinants of Health. Social Support or Resilience. Symptoms. ...
... risk reduction behavior; self-efficacy ... and testing the self-efficacy in environmental risk reduction ... Respondents conceptualize self-efficacy in environmental risk reduction as practical solutions to minimize household risks. ... Background and purpose: The purpose of this study was to adapt and test the Self-Efficacy in Environmental Risk Reduction ... Sampling; Humans; Men; Women; Models; Environmental factors; Risk factors; Author Keywords: environmental health; public health ...
Substance use risk-reduction courses. *Brief interventions to address high-risk drinking behaviors or drug use ... Reduce the amount of alcohol consumed by high-risk drinkers to more low-risk levels ... Reduce the number of undergraduate and graduate students who practice high-risk drinking ... a variety of programs related to their well-being in order to create a University environment which encourages low-risk ...
The Real Impact of Social Media on Vaccination: A Comparison Study on Behavior Change between the UK and China. ... Prolonged field care theory: prehospital health for disaster risk reduction in remote environments and outer space. ... Displaced Peoples Local and Indigenous Knowledge of the Environment and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR).. ... Exploring the flood early warning risk data and how this is used by rescue service for a search and rescue methodology. ...
Perceptions of an eHealth family-based cardiovascular disease risk reduction intervention: a mixed methods study. Kemp, B. J., ... Indicators of Oral and Dental Status and Risk of COPD. Kelly, N., Winning, L., Lundy, F., Irwin, C., Linden, D., Linden, G. & ... Family-based eHealth interventions to reduce cardiovascular disease risk: a systematic review. Kemp, B., Thompson, DR., ... P-190 The Geriatric 8 score is associated with risk of hospitalisation and 6-month survival in patients with incurable ...
Risk Reduction Behavior 30% * Placebos 20% * Non-ST Elevated Myocardial Infarction 19% ... Inhibition of the sodium-hydrogen exchanger with cariporide to prevent myocardial infarction in high-risk ischemic situations. ... Inhibition of the sodium-hydrogen exchanger with cariporide to prevent myocardial infarction in high-risk ischemic situations. ...
Risk Reduction Behavior [‎4]‎. Sedentary Behavior [‎4]‎. Sexually Transmitted Diseases [‎2]‎. Social Determinants of Health [‎4 ...
Risk Reduction Behavior [‎4]‎. Sedentary Behavior [‎4]‎. Sexually Transmitted Diseases [‎2]‎. Social Determinants of Health [‎4 ...
Teach about bodies, reproduction, reproductive anatomy and risk reduction.. *Teach children how to close and lock the bathroom ... Enlist the support of a sympathetic young person who is the same age as your child and can help them with language, behavior, ... Teach your child about appropriate and inappropriate touching, as well as behaviors that can be done in public and those that ...
Health Behavior and Risk Reduction. 3. EOHS 5200. Issues in Environmental Health. 3. ...
... and facilitate behavior change. Consistent and effective outreach should enhance risk reduction behaviors, increase risk ... STD related risk factors: Specific behaviors, attitudes and/or limited knowledge that put individuals at risk of STDs. ... health risk behaviors, and health policies. Short term outcomes: Immediate effects of your program in the target population/ ... of syphilis cases will receive confidential risk reduction counseling within 30 days. Objective #6 By 12/31/2005 improve the ...
  • Antidepressants increased the risk compared to placebo of suicidal thinking and behavior (suicidality) in children, adolescents, and young adults in short-term studies of major depressive disorder (MDD) and other psychiatric disorders. (
  • Increased risk of suicidal thinking and behavior in children, adolescents and young adults taking antidepressants for major depressive disorder (MDD) and other psychiatric disorders. (
  • Clinical Worsening/Suicide Risk: Monitor for clinical worsening and suicidal thinking and behavior ( 5.1 ). (
  • Because there were no substantial differences in sexual behavior or condom use between HIV-seropositive and HIV-seronegative men at either initial or 12-month visits, the data for these two groups were combined. (
  • None has produced a sustained increase in consistent condom use by teens - a behavior that's necessary to achieve even the partial risk reduction afforded by their use. (
  • These findings were confirmed in a recent Centers for Disease Control meta-analysis that showed that among school-based programs, no significant effect was found for pregnancy reduction, STD prevention or increased condom use. (
  • Effective programs should improve the behaviors that are most protective (rates of abstinence, preferably, or consistent condom use, secondarily) for the target population (not only a subgroup) for a sustained time period (at least 12 months - from school year to school year). (
  • The primary treatment approaches at this center include Individual Alcohol Counseling, Couples/Family Therapy, Cognitive/Behavior Therapy. (
  • The primary treatment approaches at this center include Individual Alcohol Counseling, Group Therapy, Cognitive/Behavior Therapy. (
  • Alcohol consumption can raise the risk of sexual assault through both physiological and learned, or expectancy, effects. (
  • Alcohol 'myopia' can focus attention on prominent social cues rather than ambiguous risk cues. (
  • Expectancies about alcohol effects might indirectly raise the risk of sexual assault through motivating a woman to drink excessively in order to experience anticipated beneficial effects of drinking or by increasing her belief that alcohol makes her more sexually vulnerable and therefore less able to resist. (
  • Risk reduction and treatment efforts aimed at women need to convey how alcohol myopia can affect both risk perception and resistance. (
  • Some programs have developed effective ways of challenging individuals' beliefs about alcohol effects as a means of changing drinking behavior. (
  • The most effective way to prevent the leading causes of death in the United States is to address their underlying behavioral risk factors: physical inactivity, poor nutrition, tobacco use, and excessive alcohol use. (
  • Depression, alcohol use, and intimate partner violence among outpatients in rural Uganda: vulnerabilities for HIV, STIs and high risk sexual behavior. (
  • Violence, abuse, alcohol and drug use, and sexual behaviors in street children of Greater Cairo and Alexandria, Egypt. (
  • Founded in 1974, Intervention Instruction, Inc., was originally created as a DUI risk reduction and prevention program to meet the demand for remedial alcohol education/DUI classes in Cook County, IL. (
  • First, therapeutic life style changes such as smoking cessation, reduction of alcohol intake and weight reduction are mandatory. (
  • Reduction in risk-taking behaviors among MSM in Senegal between 2004 and 2007 and prevalence of HIV and other STIs. (
  • The observed reduction in the prevalence of injection risk behavior over time is encouraging. (
  • Due to the increasing prevalence of sedentary occupations, working adults are more exposed to the potentially detrimental risks of prolonged sedentary behavior. (
  • Skills-provision training was not systematically repeated unless requested by the participant or the project staff identified a need for repeat training during risk assessment. (
  • Informing and educating people about risks and risk assessment in general. (
  • A street corner may be an appropriate place to conduct a brief HIV risk assessment, but it is not an appropriate place to conduct HIV counseling and testing. (
  • The RBT task list includes various categories of ABA concepts including: Measurement, Assessment, Skill Acquisition, Behavior Reduction, Documentation and Reporting, and Professional Conduct and Scope of Practice. (
  • Effects of school-based dental health education on knowledge, attitudes and behavior of adolescents in San Francisco. (
  • FMP's ultimate goal is to reduce sexual risk behaviors among adolescents. (
  • The fixed-dose combination of emtricitabine/tenofovir AF (alafenamide) 200 mg/25 mg (Descovy) is also approved for at-risk adults and adolescents for HIV-1 pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to reduce the risk of HIV-1 infection from sex, excluding those who have receptive vaginal sex. (
  • To assist these men in understanding and following 'safer' sexual behaviors, the Denver Disease Control Service conducted a longitudinal cohort study as part of CDC's Demonstration Projects for HIV Prevention and Risk Reduction. (
  • See CDC's HIV Risk Reduction Tool for more information. (
  • While most middle school students aren't sexually active, data from CDC's Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) indicate that 30% of 9th graders are already sexually experienced, and 7% have had 4 or more partners. (
  • Choose less risky sexual behaviors. (
  • The effects of dating violence, substance use and risky sexual behavior among a diverse sample of Illinois youth. (
  • The term "harm reduction" has been around since the 1980s, but it is finally becoming a concept people are familiar with. (
  • Harm reduction means meeting someone where they are and helping negotiate the inevitable outcomes of their decisions. (
  • Harm reduction interventions have focused on substance-using populations due to the inherent harms they encounter. (
  • Safe needle exchanges, a type of harm reduction program, were created to give individuals access to sterile needles to avoid that harm. (
  • Harm reduction philosophy can be applied to us all: we all engage in activities that have the potential for damage. (
  • Harm reduction also helps fight the stigma of addiction by allowing people to make their own decisions without judgment and creating an intervention point for healthcare providers to introduce treatment. (
  • Harm reduction does not promote drug use. (
  • In communities using harm reduction methods, drug use and crime rates both decline. (
  • The economic and legal benefits for communities that embrace harm reduction are well established and easily evidenced. (
  • The new Recovery Center will have strong, evidenced-based standards, which include harm reduction as both a clinic culture and a form of treatment. (
  • The Recovery Center will have Narcan and harm reduction kits available for anyone who asks. (
  • Objectives Sedentary behavior is increasingly recognized as a risk factor for cardiovascular and metabolic morbidity and mortality. (
  • This suggests that the domain in which sitting time is accrued should be considered when further investigating the relationship between sedentary behaviors and various healthy outcomes. (
  • Hence, sedentary behavior is increasingly recognized as a distinct type of behavior and risk factor for multiple cardiometabolic health outcomes ( 6 , 7 ). (
  • Adverse associations of sedentary behaviors have been identified with cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness among children and young adults ( 11 , 12 ), and with muscular fitness among the elderly ( 13 ). (
  • The overall aim of the study was to investigate how sedentary behavior is associated with key markers of cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness in a sample of working adults, and how domains of sitting and work influence these associations. (
  • Associations of light physical activity, moderate-to-vigorous physical activity and sedentary behavior with quality of life in men on androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer: a quantile regression analysis. (
  • Street and community outreach, risk reduction counseling, prevention case management, and community-level intervention have been identified as successful health education and risk reduction activities. (
  • Primary prevention of chronic disease in childhood: changes in risk factors after one year of intervention. (
  • It is important to assess the function of the behavior in order to develop an appropriate intervention plan for behavior reduction in ABA services. (
  • Captured in the Inhambane Province, in the Southeast African country of Mozambique, this image showed a mother and daughter completing a communication-practice exercise, during a session of the Families Matter Program (FMP), an HIV-prevention intervention designed to promote positive parenting practices, and effective parent-child communication about sex-related issues, and sexual risk reduction. (
  • Intervention Instruction was the first to offer an education-based risk-reduction solution for DUI classes. (
  • Since risk reduction education was the core of the court-ordered DUI program, Intervention Instruction originally focused its resources and expertise on the first-offender population. (
  • Because the Intervention Instruction Risk Reduction education program has been so extraordinarily successful, the team at Intervention transformed the program into a virtual classroom in 2004. (
  • The review suggested that intervention results in small reductions in risk factors, including blood pressure, cholesterol, and smoking, but has little or no impact on the risk of CHD mortality or morbidity. (
  • The risk-threshold to get ill and the number-threshold in cancer cells or viruses, may explain the large variability in the outcome. (
  • Cancer and pandemic problems can be diminished by realizing that for both diseases, the risk to get ill increases with exposure time either to toxins for cancer or to viruses for pandemics. (
  • But other behaviors are also critical to health and well-being, such as not misusing prescription opioids or marijuana, getting routine cancer screenings, and following your providers' medical advice. (
  • Smoking -Quitting smoking improves your health and reduces your risk of heart disease, cancer, lung disease, and other smoking-related illnesses. (
  • Health statistics for both Maine and the United States ( 1 ) underscore the need for reducing risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, heart disease, cancer, and obesity. (
  • A theoretical risk for getting cancer if exposed to a substance every day for 70 years (a lifetime exposure). (
  • According to current scientific knowledge, a risk of cancer cannot be ruled out in the event of inhalation of these fibrous dusts. (
  • The increased exposure to gastric acid increases the risk of esophageal cancer. (
  • Being aware of sleep being connected with brain health, stress reduction, and even lowered risk of cancer and heart disease, I felt like it was time to get on top of that niggling problem preventing me from getting to a much higher level of wellness. (
  • Association of dietary intake of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids with breast cancer risk in pre- and postmenopausal Chinese women - Menopause 2022 Jul 26 - 'Higher intake of marine n-3 PUFAs and total n-3 PUFAs was associated with lower risk of breast cancer, with adjusted OR quartile 4 v.1 (95% confidence intervals) of 0.68 (0.55-0.84) and 0.56 (0.42-0.75), respectively. (
  • Dietary a-linolenic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, docosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid were also inversely associated with breast cancer risk, with adjusted ORs (95% confidence intervals) of 0.51 (0.38-0.70), 0.68 (0.55-0.84), 0.68 (0.55-0.85), and 0.76 (0.61-0.94), respectively. (
  • A decreased risk of breast cancer was significantly associated with increasing n-3 PUFA intake in obese/overweight women, but not in women of normal weight. (
  • High intake of n-3 PUFAs and n-3 PUFA subtypes was associated with a lower risk of breast cancer, especially among premenopausal women and women with ER+ and/or PR+ subtype breast cancer' - See omega-3 supplements at . (
  • Vitamin D: an essential adjuvant therapeutic agent in breast cancer - J Int Med Res 2022 Jul - 'Low serum levels of vitamin D have been reported as a risk factor for breast cancer. (
  • In fact, childhood cancer survivors are at a 15-fold risk of developing CHF compared to age-matched controls. (
  • We present here an overview of the current state of knowledge regarding primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention strategies for childhood cancer survivors at high risk for CHF, drawing on lessons learned from prevention studies in nononcology populations as well as from the more limited experience in cancer survivors. (
  • Further increasing lifetime risk for development of CHF, survivors of childhood cancer are at a higher risk of developing cardiovascular risk factors such as hypertension and diabetes compared with age-and sex-matched controls [ 9 ]. (
  • Current estimates indicate that nearly 60% of the 350,000 survivors of childhood cancer in the US will have been treated with anthracyclines [ 5 , 11 ]-a vulnerable subpopulation at risk for symptomatic heart disease, and therefore representing a critical need for prevention strategies to decrease/reverse this morbidity. (
  • The Foundation's 2022-2026 five-year program, launched in November 2021, focuses on global warming, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, reinsurance liability costs, risk aversion, scenarios and stress tests developed in financial institutions, and the longterm impact of the Covid-19 pandemic. (
  • The latest update to the 2021 CHIS COVID-19 Preliminary Estimates Dashboard , which includes CHIS 2021 data collected from March through May, has questions on risk reduction behaviors - frequency of wearing face masks, handwashing or sanitizing, maintaining physical distancing, gathering with individuals outside of the household and following safety guidelines during those times - as well as questions on views of the vaccine, testing and treatment. (
  • Preexposure chemoprophylaxis (PrEP) with antiretroviral medications (ARVs) is a concept that has been widely recognized as a method for primary prevention for individuals with ongoing risks for becoming infected with HIV. (
  • The administration of antiplatelet agents including aspirin in low-risk diabetic patients for primary prevention of stoke is controversial. (
  • Because the primary prevention of cerebropathy significantly improves the quality of life in diabetic patients, it is necessary for all diabetic patients and clinical practitioners to recognize and execute the proper behaviors. (
  • April 1995 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Atlanta, Georgia ***************************************************************************** HEALTH EDUCATION AND RISK REDUCTION ACTIVITIES Individual and Group Interventions Health education and risk reduction activities are targeted to reach persons at increased risk of becoming infected with HIV or, if already infected, of transmitting the virus to others. (
  • La formation en matière de sevrage tabagique était particulièrement négligée, seuls 4 % des médecins ayant appris à effectuer des interventions dans ce domaine. (
  • At the same time, app also has advantages as tool to deliver risk reduction interventions. (
  • It is an effective preventive strategy for risk reduction or work well in combination with medical interventions. (
  • As a consultant, Mr. Vigorito designs and implements organizational training programs for behavioural health providers to integrate sexual health into their systems of care through routine screenings, sexual risk-reduction counselling and culturally competent interventions. (
  • However, lifestyle interventions reduce the risk of both MetS and T2D, and nutrition education can empower individuals on the appropriate, lifestyle changes. (
  • Ontario, where a large outbreak of WNV occurred in the The ethics review board at McMaster University approved summer of 2002, allowed us to assess modifiable risk fac- the study. (
  • Modifiable risk factors are the lifestyle and behaviors that can reduce or increase a person's chances of developing a disease. (
  • For example, there are modifiable risk factors that could reduce your risk of Alzheimer's disease and related dementias (ADRD), slow its progression, or increase your risk of ADRD. (
  • Most modifiable risk factors for ADRD are related to cardiovascular disease and other chronic health conditions. (
  • Several modifiable risk factors were more common among African American, Hispanic, and American Indian or Alaska Native populations than other races and ethnicities. (
  • Modifiable risk factors for Alzheimer disease and related dementias among adults aged ≥ 45 years-United States, 2019. (
  • The Child and Family Research Unit promotes health and wellness for underserved and at-risk populations through research, education, and outreach. (
  • Adapting and testing the self-efficacy in environmental risk reduction instrument among Spanish-speaking populations. (
  • It has been suggested that we can only achieve meaningful reduction of HIV infection if prevention services gain a coverage of 40-50% among MSM populations [ 3 ]. (
  • The experience and intersectoral networks of community-based prenatal health promotion programs represent potential capacity to address emergent public health risks to pregnancy, particularly among at-risk populations. (
  • So far, all evidence suggests PrEP is safe and effective for reducing the risk of HIV infection in high-risk populations, and there have been no concerns regarding its use daily, the CDC says. (
  • Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk-reduction programs have been developed to discourage homosexual / bisexual men (i.e., men who have sex with men) from engaging in anal and oral sexual intercourse with partners who are infected with HIV or whose infection status is unknown (1). (
  • Disease Control and Prevention WNV enzyme immunoas- tective behavior traits reduced the risk for WNV infection by say immunoglobulin (Ig) G. Reactive samples were for- half. (
  • No significant differences were and source-reduction behavior would be associated with found in demographic characteristics, so the 2 groups were reduced risk for WNV infection. (
  • The infection rates for COVID-19 had returned with a force after receding that summer, and she knew that indoor gatherings of strangers are the exact setting where risk of exposure to the virus multiplies. (
  • The risk of infection increases due to the airborne virus contact crossing a risk-threshold. (
  • The 16-week risks of COVID-19 outcomes were low after a third dose of mRNA-1273 or BNT162b2, although risks were lower with mRNA-1273 than with BNT162b2, particularly for documented infection. (
  • which appears as swelling of the small airways (bronchioles) and blood vessels of the lungs, results in stiffening of the lung tissue, breathing problems, and increased risk of infection. (
  • IMSEAR at SEARO: Trend of selected risk factors for hepatitis B infection among the drug addicts in Bangladesh: a five year statistics. (
  • The present retrospective study was conducted by review of records of last five years from 1996 to 2000, among 1497 drug addicts, admitted in a selected drug addicts treatment centre in Dhaka, with an aim to find out the trend of occurrence of hepatitis B infection among the drug addicts, as well as the trend of the risk factors. (
  • It was also found that the trend of hepatitis B infection was gradually falling down among the drug addicts probably due to reduction of the risk factors, especially the injection of drugs. (
  • Therefore, for protecting them from this dreadful infection, drug addicts should be counseled to avoid the above high risk behavior. (
  • We now know that pre-exposure prophylaxis can be a potentially vital option for HIV prevention in people at very high risk for infection, whether through sexual transmission or injecting drug use. (
  • What is the risk of serious bacterial infection (SBI) in febrile infants ≤60 days of age with influenza virus infections? (
  • Because of the importance of maintaining cargo trucking operations during a flu pandemic, managers and employees working in this sector should understand the importance of (1) planning for business continuity of operations (COOP) and (2) appropriate and recommended work practices and standard precautions to minimize the risk of employees becoming ill and spreading flu in the workplace. (
  • Despite the extensive evidence in support of these approaches, however, workplace practices continue to over-emphasize behaviour change by individual workers and coping skills, with inadequate attention to the reduction of job stressors. (
  • Insurance Journal - Risk Management - Employers benefit from mitigating workplace violence through training. (
  • The substitution solution must achieve an overall reduction in the dangers posed by hazardous substances at the workplace. (
  • For industries with hazardous environments the conveyor systems resulted into reduction of workplace risks. (
  • This includes conducting routine employee training on how to detect potential ransomware risks (e.g., suspicious emails or attachments), implementing policies that prohibit browsing nonsecure websites on organizational servers or devices, and installing adequate security features on all workplace technology (e.g., a virtual private network, antivirus programs, data encryption software, email spam filters, an internet firewall and a patch management system). (
  • Afterall, safe workplace behaviors and driving practices don't begin and end with a safety meeting. (
  • Poor cardiorespiratory fitness is a strong risk factor for morbidity and premature mortality, especially of cardiovascular origin, among adults ( 8 ). (
  • Maintaining 100 PAI/week is associated with a 25% risk reduction in cardiovascular disease mortality and 50 PAI/week provides 60% of the benefits. (
  • Participants with the most frequent religious service attendance had a 47% reduction of all-cause mortality risk compared their peer who did not attend religious services at all (HR 0.53, CI 0.35-0.79) in the fully adjusted model including socioeconomic status, non-cardiovascular medical conditions, health behaviors, social support and allostatic load. (
  • There was a statistically significant reduction in 28-day mortality only for the subgroup of patients receiving prolonged low-dose steroid treatment (37.5% vs. 44% in the control group). (
  • This is a pragmatic approach towards the promotion of behavior changing (Jones, 2017). (
  • In clinical practice, ABA providers sometimes associate ignoring the child or ignoring the behavior with extinction. (
  • Anyone considering the use of REMERON® (mirtazapine) Tablets or any other antidepressant in a child, adolescent, or young adult must balance this risk with the clinical need. (
  • Patients of all ages who are started on antidepressant therapy should be monitored appropriately and observed closely for clinical worsening, suicidality, or unusual changes in behavior. (
  • This study completes the picture of PrEP efficacy for all major HIV risk groups,' said Dr. Michael Martin, chief of clinical research for the Thailand Ministry of Public Health-CDC collaboration. (
  • Persons aware of how the little things can changed their clinical and financial future will begin modifying unhealthy behaviors. (
  • The Lifestyle Risk Calculator educates people concerning Financial Wellness and how-to better plan in terms of improved financial and clinical results. (
  • Risk of fracture with thiazolidinediones: An up to date meta-evaluation of randomized clinical trials. (
  • 3. Mindset and behavior transformation for life style changes can be very challenging. (
  • The discussion was more behavior and mindset focussed than I expected. (
  • The counseling focused on a patient's specific risk behavior for STIs, including HIV, and "negotiation of realistic and achievable risk-reduction steps," the investigators reported. (
  • The primary outcome was the incidence of new STIs, regarded as a surrogate for the risk of acquiring HIV. (
  • The numbers yielded an adjusted risk ratio (aRR) for STIS of 1.12 (95% CI 0.94-1.33). (
  • Protocol for a randomized controlled trial of sitting reduction to improve cardiometabolic health in older adults. (
  • Health literacy is associated with elevated risks for poorer access to care, adverse health outcomes, and increased hospi- talization and health costs. (
  • However, the utility of such tests on predicting the risk for recurrent events and on outcomes needs review. (
  • Nutritional supplementation, maternal education, and cognitive development of infants at risk of malnutrition. (
  • The primary treatment approaches at this center include Cognitive/Behavior Therapy, Relapse Risk Reduction. (
  • The primary treatment approaches at this center include Cognitive/Behavior Therapy, Relapse Risk Reduction, 12-Step Facilitation Approach. (
  • The primary approaches to treatment at this facility include Cognitive Behavior Therapy, Relapse Risk Reduction. (
  • The facility uses primary approaches to treatment of Cognitive/Behavior Therapy, Relapse Risk Reduction, 12-Step Facilitation Approach. (
  • The major approaches to treatment at this program include Cognitive/Behavior Therapy, Relapse Risk Reduction, 12-Step Facilitation Approach. (
  • 34% of adults who reported cognitive decline-worsening confusion or memory loss in the previous year-had at least 4 risk factors compared with 13.1% of those without cognitive decline. (
  • 9% of adults with no risk factors reported cognitive decline while 25% of those with at least 4 risk factors reported cognitive decline. (
  • Respondents reported on sexual behaviors in the previous 90 days with primary, occasional, and one-time partners. (
  • Conclusions: Respondents conceptualize self-efficacy in environmental risk reduction as practical solutions to minimize household risks. (
  • Nile Virus Risk After verbal consent was obtained, respondents were administered a standardized telephone survey. (
  • Nurses were more likely to discuss lifestyle risks to pregnancy and general prenatal health promotion, whereas ACE respondents emphasized informed consent and individualized counseling. (
  • Those involved in caring for and treating people who engage in habitual, high-risk substance use and addiction behaviors know there's no amount of pleading or threatening that will change a person's actions. (
  • Five categories were identified under the main category preferences for content of the app: functions to facilitate HIV testing behavior, HIV post-exposure prevention, warning against substance use, psychological support, and areas for communication. (
  • The consistent and proper use of latex condoms with adequate lubrication may reduce the risk for HIV transmission during intercourse (2). (
  • It means increased acceptance of risky behaviors and focusing on ways to reduce damages through realism, flexibility, pragmatism and social justice. (
  • The goal of health education and risk reduction programs is to reduce the risk of these events occurring. (
  • This program is also working to reduce community fire risk by improving the safety and effectiveness of fire fighters. (
  • Cardiac rehabilitation is a comprehensive program of patient evaluation, risk factor reduction (e.g., lipid control, weight management), physical activity, and longitudinal care designed to reduce the effects of cardiovascular disease, and is an effective means of mitigating disease and disability. (
  • A good example of this is a new integration with AWS CloudWatch and Auto Scaling that automates onboarding to enable security teams to save time and reduce the risk of unmanaged SSH keys. (
  • Along with our big focus on simplicity and automation, we continue to stay true to our corporate mission to reduce risk associated with privileged accounts wherever they exist, whether on-premises, in the cloud or in DevOps workflows. (
  • 4 Since ADRD takes years to develop, there are opportunities to develop and maintain healthy lifestyle habits that could reduce your risk of ADRD or slow its progression. (
  • The tool features an interactive module that enables users to compare the risks of different sexual activities and to see how one or a combination of prevention methods - such as condoms, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), or HIV treatment for those living with HIV - could reduce the risk of HIV. (
  • Many countries where CHD is on the rise have instituted counselling and educational methods to encourage people to reduce their risks for developing heart disease. (
  • However, the use of dedicated cardiac rehabilitation programs serves to further reinforce the principles of nutrition, physical activity, risk factor reduction, and wellness. (
  • However, the American Diabetes Association (ADA) recommends that male diabetic patients older than 50 and female diabetics older than 60 with at least one major risk factor of stroke should take low-dose aspirin. (
  • Consider additional risk factors for prolonged QT interval (disorders and drugs). (
  • Avoid use with drugs that also increase the QT interval and in patients with risk factors for prolonged QT interval ( 5.4 ). (
  • Wayside Youth & Family Support Network's (Wayside) Navigating to Emotional Wellness (NEW) Project aims to build upon our extensive experience serving marginalized children, young adults, and their families with behavioral health conditions, child welfare involvement, and high-risk environments since 1977. (
  • Inhibition of the sodium-hydrogen exchanger with cariporide to prevent myocardial infarction in high-risk ischemic situations. (
  • Reduction of high-risk choices and adoption of low-risk quantity and frequency alternatives. (
  • A possibility exists that offering PrEP may encourage increased high-risk sexual activity and disinhibition. (
  • However, no evidence of increased high-risk sexual activity was demonstrated in the few observational studies that addressed this. (
  • When considering emtricitabine/tenofovir for PrEP, it is important to identify individuals at high risk. (
  • Center, Iranian Institute for Reduction of High -Risk Behaviors, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran. (
  • Worksites are an ideal setting in which to affect working adults and high-risk individuals. (
  • Think about regularly assisting at a soup kitchen or coaching a basketball team at an at-risk high school. (
  • This is not the first study to prove that PrEP - pre-exposure prophylaxis - is effective in reducing HIV transmission in high risk groups. (
  • Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said, 'The real important advance here is the proof of concept that in yet another high risk group - IV-drug users - pre-exposure prophylaxis can work if the individuals adhere to taking the drug. (
  • The importance of clinically identifying children with severe obesity is increasing, as these children are at particularly high risk for medical and probably psychological complications and may need to be specifically targeted for treatment. (
  • People with weight-related diseases such as cardiovascular disease, and those who have high risk for those diseases, may need to lose weight, even if they are only moderately overweight, in order to promote optimal health. (
  • If you have been told you have coronary heart disease, symptomatic carotid artery disease, peripheral arterial disease, abdominal aortic aneurysm, type 2 diabetes, or sleep apnea, you are in the high-health-risk category for the purpose of determining whether you should lose weight. (
  • We present here an overview of the current knowledge regarding primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention strategies in patients at high risk for CHF (Table 1 ). (
  • Selection criteria Prospective cohort studies that reported multivariate adjusted relative risks and corresponding 95% confidence intervals for stroke with respect to baseline pre-diabetes were included. (
  • Data extraction Two independent reviewers extracted data on pre-diabetes status at baseline, risk estimates of stroke, study quality, and methods used to assess pre-diabetes and stroke. (
  • Data on MetS risk factors as well as food intake patterns and physical activity levels were taken at baseline and at different time points during the study. (
  • From digital adoption to managing risk and performance transformation, we support businesses across the full value chain to help drive change that improves top and bottom-line performance. (
  • We help to de-risk the strategic transformation and co-create the necessary performance step change together with our clients. (
  • That's why behavior change is so important to our research. (
  • That's why KPWHRI scientists focus not only on individual behavior but also on ways to change health care systems. (
  • [ 9 ] This demonstrates that a different approach to behavior change is needed, particularly in developing countries where cardiovascular disease rates are rising. (
  • He co-authored (with Douglas Braun-Harvey) Treating Out of Control Sexual Behavior - Rethinking Sex Addiction (2016) , which outlines the first sexual health-based psychotherapy protocol for men concerned about sexual dysregulation. (
  • Findings suggest that the design of an app targeting MSM in China should use an integrated framework addressing behavioral and psychological aspects, satisfy common needs of potential users, avoid perpetuating negative stereotypes and stigma, and avoid possible increase of risk behavior due to using the app. (
  • Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is HIV medicine people at risk for HIV take to prevent getting HIV. (
  • Risks of exposure to cargo trucking personnel are likely to increase as a flu pandemic progresses to WHO phases 5 and 6 (significant and sustained human-to-human transmission). (
  • 1 Frequent and close contact with other people during pick-up and delivery and touching possibly contaminated items (such as pens, clipboards, handheld scanning devices, etc.) are likely to pose the greatest exposure risks to truck crews. (
  • The main contributing risk factors were found to be history of exposure to the commercial sex workers (CWS), injecting drug use (IDUs) and needle sharing. (
  • There is a strong dose-dependent association between anthracycline exposure and risk of CHF, and the incidence increases with longer followup. (
  • Displaced People's Local and Indigenous Knowledge of the Environment and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). (
  • Prolonged field care theory: prehospital health for disaster risk reduction in remote environments and outer space. (
  • Multisectoral Approach to Planning for Resilience and Disaster Risk Reduction. (
  • Risk and protective factors affecting adolescent reproductive health in developing countries) / R. W. Blum, Kristin Nelson Mmari. (
  • Traditional CIB optimization measures rely on revenue enhancement, cost reduction, and risk-weighted asset (RWA) levers to improve performance. (
  • Cost-reduction programs to improve productivity in the front office (by adjusting client load and segmentation, recombining sales and trading teams across various asset classes, and reducing non-client-facing administration time), in support functions (by implementing data system improvements, zero-based budgeting, and task automation), and in IT and operations through app decommissioning, automation, and offshoring and near-shoring. (
  • Street Outreach Street outreach commonly involves outreach specialists moving throughout a particular neighborhood or community to deliver risk reduction information and materials. (
  • UAA offers students a variety of programs related to their well-being in order to create a University environment which encourages low-risk drinking choices through social-ecologically based institutional practices and policies. (
  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle and managing related chronic conditions is good for your overall physical health, facilitates and improves brain health, and may help decrease the risk of dementia or slow its progression. (
  • The following are the four major types of risk communication programs, categorized according to their primary objectives. (
  • Sexual activities that don't involve contact with body fluids (semen, vaginal fluid, or blood) carry no risk of HIV transmission but may pose a risk for other STDs. (
  • It is important to have a plan for how you as the RBT will address any maladaptive behaviors especially behaviors that could pose a danger to the client or anyone else. (
  • When a behavior is maintained by the function of escape, extinction would include no longer allowing escape from the demand. (
  • But the evidence that risk counseling has a benefit comes from one major trial, dubbed RESPECT , that took place before rapid HIV testing and highly effective antiretroviral therapy and did not include men who have sex with men (MSM). (
  • When discontinued, gradual dose reduction is recommended ( 2 ). (
  • For that reason, practitioners recommend a gradual reduction in dosage for people that have been taking it for long periods of time. (
  • Social vulnerability and county stay-at-home behavior during COVID-19 stay-at-home orders, United States, April 7-April 20, 2020. (
  • there was a reduction in risk with antidepressants compared to placebo in adults aged 65 and older. (
  • Worksites offer ideal settings for reaching adults, including those at higher risk for chronic diseases. (
  • Current risk prediction tools for coronary artery disease (CAD) do not measure disease on a continuous scale and use only a small number of variables for risk prediction, disregarding much of the data contained in electronic health records (EHRs). (
  • IV drug users, for example, risk infectious diseases because needles may be shared or re-used. (
  • Foods from eight categories, for which consumption may affect the risk of obesity and diet-related chronic diseases, were selected from the 2014 Nutritrack database. (
  • Factors that may increase the risk of transmitting HIV through oral sex are oral ulcers, bleeding gums, genital sores, and the presence of other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), which may or may not be visible. (
  • Vaginal sex also carries a risk for getting HIV, though it is less risky than receptive anal sex. (
  • Working in the applied behavior analysis field, a professional who is credentialed as a Registered Behavior Technician, is required to understand and properly implement the basic ABA principles. (
  • Behavior reduction concepts in ABA refer to principles and strategies that are utilized to decrease the occurrence of maladaptive behaviors in the identified client. (
  • Close contact with a variety of people throughout the day increases the risk of encountering someone who is infected with flu and thus increases the risk of contact, aerosol, or droplet transmission of flu viruses. (
  • FVL mutation increases the risk of recurrent VTE and predicts VTE in family members. (
  • That's because, he says, some IV drug users engage in risky behavior such as prostitution to support their drug habit. (
  • Innovative approaches are required to address burgeoning chronic disease trends and risk factors. (
  • So both the symptoms and treating symptoms but also thinking about systems and policies that both put people at risk for trauma, but then make their traumatic experiences even more negatively impactful. (
  • Warn patients of risk and symptoms of hypotension ( 5.6 ). (
  • As a result, they experienced a reduction in their own symptoms. (
  • Drinking to cope with the trauma can lead to problem drinking and increase the risk of being re-victimized. (
  • More specifically, differential reinforcement procedures can be used to increase certain behaviors (or skills). (
  • Abnormal Bleeding: May increase the risk of bleeding. (
  • Since people usually increase their body fat when they gain weight, overweight often leads to health risks. (