Circumcision, Male: Excision of the prepuce of the penis (FORESKIN) or part of it.Phimosis: A condition in which the FORESKIN cannot be retracted to reveal the GLANS PENIS. It is due to tightness or narrowing of the foreskin opening.Circumcision, Female: A general term encompassing three types of excision of the external female genitalia - Sunna, clitoridectomy, and infibulation. It is associated with severe health risks and has been declared illegal in many places, but continues to be widely practiced in a number of countries, particularly in Africa.Penile Diseases: Pathological processes involving the PENIS or its component tissues.Ceremonial Behavior: A series of actions, sometimes symbolic actions which may be associated with a behavior pattern, and are often indispensable to its performance.Foreskin: The double-layered skin fold that covers the GLANS PENIS, the head of the penis.Africa, Southern: The geographical area of Africa comprising ANGOLA; BOTSWANA; LESOTHO; MALAWI; MOZAMBIQUE; NAMIBIA; SOUTH AFRICA; SWAZILAND; ZAMBIA; and ZIMBABWE.Penis: The external reproductive organ of males. It is composed of a mass of erectile tissue enclosed in three cylindrical fibrous compartments. Two of the three compartments, the corpus cavernosa, are placed side-by-side along the upper part of the organ. The third compartment below, the corpus spongiosum, houses the urethra.Balanitis: Inflammation of the head of the PENIS, glans penis.Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans: An atrophic and sclerotic condition of the head of the PENIS, glans penis. Sometimes it leads to stenosis and occasionally obliteration of the external meatal orifice.Penile Neoplasms: Cancers or tumors of the PENIS or of its component tissues.Medicine, African Traditional: A system of traditional medicine which is based on the beliefs and practices of the African peoples. It includes treatment by medicinal plants and other materia medica as well as by the ministrations of diviners, medicine men, witch doctors, and sorcerers.HIV Infections: Includes the spectrum of human immunodeficiency virus infections that range from asymptomatic seropositivity, thru AIDS-related complex (ARC), to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Africa, Eastern: The geographical area of Africa comprising BURUNDI; DJIBOUTI; ETHIOPIA; KENYA; RWANDA; SOMALIA; SUDAN; TANZANIA; and UGANDA.Botswana: A republic in southern Africa, between NAMIBIA and ZAMBIA. It was formerly called Bechuanaland. Its capital is Gaborone. The Kalahari Desert is in the west and southwest.Uganda: A republic in eastern Africa, south of SUDAN and west of KENYA. Its capital is Kampala.Sexually Transmitted Diseases: Diseases due to or propagated by sexual contact.Kenya: A republic in eastern Africa, south of ETHIOPIA, west of SOMALIA with TANZANIA to its south, and coastline on the Indian Ocean. Its capital is Nairobi.Sexual Behavior: Sexual activities of humans.United States Agency for International Development: An independent Federal agency established in 1961 as the focal point for economic matters affecting U.S. relations with developing countries.Herpes Genitalis: Infection of the genitals (GENITALIA) with HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS in either the males or the females.Prilocaine: A local anesthetic that is similar pharmacologically to LIDOCAINE. Currently, it is used most often for infiltration anesthesia in dentistry.Paraphimosis: A condition in which the FORESKIN, once retracted, cannot return to its original position. If this condition persists, it can lead to painful constriction of GLANS PENIS, swelling, and impaired blood flow to the penis.Sexual Partners: Married or single individuals who share sexual relations.Swaziland: A kingdom in southern Africa, west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Mbabane. The area was settled by the Swazi branch of the Zulu nation in the early 1880's, with its independence guaranteed by the British and Transvaal governments in 1881 and 1884. With limited self-government introduced in 1962, it became independent in 1968. Swazi is the Zulu name for the people who call themselves Swati, from Mswati, the name of a 16th century king, from a word meaning stick or rod. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p1170 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p527)Lesotho: A kingdom in southern Africa, within the republic of SOUTH AFRICA. Its capital is Maseru.Public Health Nursing: A nursing specialty concerned with promoting and protecting the health of populations, using knowledge from nursing, social, and public health sciences to develop local, regional, state, and national health policy and research. It is population-focused and community-oriented, aimed at health promotion and disease prevention through educational, diagnostic, and preventive programs.Somalia: Somalia is located on the east coast of Africa on and north of the Equator and, with Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, and Kenya, is often referred to as the Horn of Africa. It comprises Italy's former Trust Territory of Somalia and the former British Protectorate of Somaliland. The capital is Mogadishu.South Africa: A republic in southern Africa, the southernmost part of Africa. It has three capitals: Pretoria (administrative), Cape Town (legislative), and Bloemfontein (judicial). Officially the Republic of South Africa since 1960, it was called the Union of South Africa 1910-1960.Religion and Medicine: The interrelationship of medicine and religion.Heterosexuality: The sexual attraction or relationship between members of the opposite SEX.Dominican Republic: A republic in the Greater Antilles in the West Indies. Its capital is Santo Domingo. With Haiti, it forms the island of Hispaniola - the Dominican Republic occupying the eastern two thirds, and Haiti, the western third. It was created in 1844 after a revolt against the rule of President Boyer over the entire island of Hispaniola, itself visited by Columbus in 1492 and settled the next year. Except for a brief period of annexation to Spain (1861-65), it has been independent, though closely associated with the United States. Its name comes from the Spanish Santo Domingo, Holy Sunday, with reference to its discovery on a Sunday. (From Webster's New Geographical Dictionary, 1988, p338, 506 & Room, Brewer's Dictionary of Names, 1992, p151)Infant, Newborn: An infant during the first month after birth.Zimbabwe: A republic in southern Africa, east of ZAMBIA and BOTSWANA and west of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Harare. It was formerly called Rhodesia and Southern Rhodesia.Culture: A collective expression for all behavior patterns acquired and socially transmitted through symbols. Culture includes customs, traditions, and language.Ulcer: A lesion on the surface of the skin or a mucous surface, produced by the sloughing of inflammatory necrotic tissue.Trichomonas Infections: Infections in birds and mammals produced by various species of Trichomonas.Premature Ejaculation: The emission of SEMEN and seminal fluid during the act of preparation for sexual intercourse, i.e. before there is penetration, or shortly after penetration.Genitalia, Male: The male reproductive organs. They are divided into the external organs (PENIS; SCROTUM;and URETHRA) and the internal organs (TESTIS; EPIDIDYMIS; VAS DEFERENS; SEMINAL VESICLES; EJACULATORY DUCTS; PROSTATE; and BULBOURETHRAL GLANDS).Africa South of the Sahara: All of Africa except Northern Africa (AFRICA, NORTHERN).Petrolatum: A colloidal system of semisolid hydrocarbons obtained from PETROLEUM. It is used as an ointment base, topical protectant, and lubricant.Tanzania: A republic in eastern Africa, south of UGANDA and north of MOZAMBIQUE. Its capital is Dar es Salaam. It was formed in 1964 by a merger of the countries of TANGANYIKA and ZANZIBAR.Genital Diseases, Male: Pathological processes involving the male reproductive tract (GENITALIA, MALE).Surgical Instruments: Hand-held tools or implements used by health professionals for the performance of surgical tasks.Disease Transmission, Infectious: The transmission of infectious disease or pathogens. When transmission is within the same species, the mode can be horizontal or vertical (INFECTIOUS DISEASE TRANSMISSION, VERTICAL).Attitude to Health: Public attitudes toward health, disease, and the medical care system.Sexuality: The sexual functions, activities, attitudes, and orientations of an individual. Sexuality, male or female, becomes evident at PUBERTY under the influence of gonadal steroids (TESTOSTERONE or ESTRADIOL), and social effects.Dyspareunia: Recurrent genital pain occurring during, before, or after SEXUAL INTERCOURSE in either the male or the female.Hygiene: The science dealing with the establishment and maintenance of health in the individual and the group. It includes the conditions and practices conducive to health. (Webster, 3d ed)General Surgery: A specialty in which manual or operative procedures are used in the treatment of disease, injuries, or deformities.Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice: Knowledge, attitudes, and associated behaviors which pertain to health-related topics such as PATHOLOGIC PROCESSES or diseases, their prevention, and treatment. This term refers to non-health workers and health workers (HEALTH PERSONNEL).
Female circumcision. Who is at risk in the U.S.?". Public Health Reports. Association of Schools of Public Health. 112 (5): 368 ... They reported a marked increase in the number of girls and women at risk of FGM in the United States. However, this can be ... While reports on the prevalence of FGM in the United States have shown an increase in the number of girls and women at risk, ... The 2013 study estimated 513,000 girls and women in the United States were either victims of FGM or at risk of FGM, with ⅓ ...
The risk of transmission from woman to man is halved". Lakartidningen. 107 (46): 2881-2883. PMID 21197783. Hanson, S.; Thorson ... 2017 - United Nations Population Award Thorson, A.; Ragnarsson, A.; Rosling, H.; Ekström, A. (2010). "Male circumcision reduces ...
HIV risk". BBC News. 2006-12-13. Retrieved 2009-05-18. McNeil Jr, Donald G. (2006-12-13). "Circumcision Reduces Risk of AIDS, ... However, there is a risk that subjects are influenced by interaction with the researchers - known as the experimenter's bias. ...
Warner E, Strashin E. Benefits and risks of circumcision. Canadian Medical Association Journal. November 1981;125(9):967-76, ... Circumcision and Māori by Valentino Križanić Young, H & McGrath, K (2001). "A review of circumcision in New Zealand". In Hodges ... Since superincision and circumcision are both forms of genital cutting that expose the glans, it can often be difficult to know ... It could be that this might be an answer to some critics of circumcision. A simple dorsal slit can be performed in patients who ...
The trial was stopped early in December 2006, because its results showed that circumcision significantly reduced the risk of ... He subsequently helped design Kenya's circumcision program as an HIV/AIDS prevention strategy. Bailey has also researched risk ... doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60312-2. "Adult Male Circumcision Significantly Reduces Risk of Acquiring HIV". National Institutes ... "Demand for male circumcision rises in a bid to prevent HIV". Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 84 (7). July 2006. ...
"Advancing Male Circumcision to Prevent HIV in Kenya". EngenderHealth. Retrieved 2012-03-12. "CHAMPION Project Launches in ... "EngenderHealth Leads HIV Project to Reach At-Risk Urban Population in Ethiopia". EngenderHealth. Retrieved 2009-09-24. ... The Consortium works to "improve and expand access to voluntary medical circumcision services in Kenya as part of an overall ... male circumcision as a way to reduce HIV transmission; the reduction of stigma and discrimination against HIV-positive ...
... and being in a relationship where each person only has sex with the other also decreases the risk. Circumcision in males may be ... Such interactive counseling, which can be resource intensive, is directed at a person's risk, the situations in which risk ... High risk' types of HPV cause almost all cervical cancers, as well as some anal, penile, and vulvar cancer. Some other types of ... In some instances a disease can be carried with no symptoms, which leaves a greater risk of passing the disease on to others. ...
Normal kissing usually does not carry those risks. NHC teaches about the signs and symptoms of HIV/AIDS. There are major and ... This mainly affects traditionalists who are exposed to such objects especially during circumcision. There is a general belief ...
This discrepancy in risk rate can be attributed to protective factors some individuals may have that enable them to cope with ... In G.C. Denniston, F.M. Hodges, & M.F. Milos (Eds.), Understanding Circumcision: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to a Multi- ... Within the context of a clinical interview, the risk for imminent danger to the self or others is important to address but is ... However, some people are born with or later develop protective factors such as genetics and sex that help lower their risk of ...
It is considered a risk factor for the development of penile cancer. Circumcision-Some studies show that circumcision during ... Cessation of smoking may reduce the risk of penile cancer. Circumcision during infancy or in childhood may provide partial ... It has been suggested that the reduction in risk may be due to reduced risk of phimosis; other possible mechanisms include ... The lifetime risk has been estimated as 1 in 1,437 in the United States and 1 in 1,694 in Denmark. Urethral cancer Male breast ...
Wanda K. Jones, et al., "Female Genital Mutilation/Female Circumcision: Who Is at Risk in the U.S.?", Public Health Reports, ... Jones, W. K.; Smith, J.; Kieke, B.; Wilcox, L. (September 1997). "Female genital mutilation/Female circumcision. Who is at risk ... The surgical infibulation of women came to be known as pharaonic circumcision in Sudan, but as Sudanese circumcision in Egypt. ... including symbolic circumcision. Type 1 is "partial or total removal of the clitoris and/or the prepuce". Type Ia (circumcision ...
Rabin, Roni (2012-08-27). "Benefits of Circumcision Are Said to Outweigh Risks". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-03-30. ... Emmons, Sasha (2012-08-27). "AAP: Health benefits of circumcision outweigh the risks". CNN. Retrieved 22 September 2014. ... Tanner, Lindsey (2012-08-27). "Circumcision Benefits Outweigh Risks and Insurers Should Pay; Pediatricians Revise Stance". ... Rochman, Bonnie (2012-08-27). "Circumcision: Pediatricians Say Benefits Trump Risks". Time. Retrieved 22 September 2014. "The ...
For example, male circumcision at birth reduces the risk of the child getting HIV/AIDS. However, many South Africans do not do ... Furthermore, the risk of union conflict is a deterrent for foreign companies. South Africa is receptive to foreign companies ... Workers who strike are generally strongly motivated, even with protected strikes, because there is much risk of loss. The union ... Considering poor facilities, some schools are not structurally stable and are at risk of collapse, with some schools even ...
Zadrozny, Brandy (2 April 2014). "New Study Says Benefits of Circumcision Outweigh Risks 100 to 1". The Daily Beast. Retrieved ... He is a long time circumcision advocate, and has written a pro-circumcision book and runs a pro-circumcision website. Brian ... Home page at the University of Sydney Benefits of circumcision Brian Morris' website on circumcision. ... In Favour of Circumcision reviewed by Basil Donovan, Director of the Sydney Sexual Health Centre and Clinical Professor in the ...
The most common sites of bleeding are the umbilicus, mucous membranes, gastrointestinal tract, circumcision and venepunctures. ... The disease causes an increased risk of bleeding. ...
"Rare Circumcision Ritual Carries Herpes Risk". My.webmd.com. Archived from the original on September 20, 2005. Retrieved 2012- ... The Covenant of Circumcision Jewish Encyclopedia's entry for Circumcision Jewish Virtual Library's Circumcision - Brit Milah ... Ilani, Ofri (2008-05-12). "Traditional circumcision raises risk of infection, study shows". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 15 August ... Brit rechitzah Circumcision of Jesus Tractate Shabbat: Chapter 19, Regulations ordained by R. Eliezer concerning circumcision ...
Controlled Intervention Trial of Male Circumcision for Reduction of HIV Infection Risk: The ANRS 1265 Trial". PLOS Medicine. 2 ... "Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: An Introduction to the Cost, Impact, and Challenges of Accelerated Scaling Up". www. ... The first randomized controlled trial to assess the effect of male circumcision on female to male HIV transmission was ... The trial estimated that male circumcision provided protection of 60% (95% CI: 32%-76%) for female to male HIV transmission. ...
Jennifer Warner: Rare Circumcision Ritual Carries Herpes Risk WebMD Health News, 2 August 2004 Hatfield, Gabrielle (2004). ... Infection is another risk. Horses that lick wounds may become infected by a stomach parasite, Habronema, a type of nematode ... As with the licking of wounds by people, wound licking by animals carries a risk of infection. Allowing pet cats to lick open ... However, there are also infection risks due to bacteria in the human mouth. Oral mucosa heals faster than skin, suggesting that ...
Circumcision should be avoided for infant males with XLT due to the risk of bleeding and infection. Regular follow ups to track ... This same research showed that patients with XLT have a high overall survival rate but they are at risk for severe life- ... Splenectomy has been shown to improve platelet counts but also significantly increases the risk of life-threatening infections ... However, individuals with X-linked thrombocytopenia have an increased risk for life-threatening brain hemorrhages and ...
... but its effects on cancer risks in LS are not conclusively known. In males, it has been reported that circumcision can have ... Circumcision does not prevent or cure LS; in fact, "balanitis xerotica obliterans" in men was first reported as a condition ... In women, it has been reported that 33.6 times higher vulvar cancer risk is associated with LS. A study in men reported that " ... Lichen sclerosus is associated with a higher risk of cancer. Skin that has been scarred as a result of lichen sclerosus is more ...
The 1989 report he oversaw stated that circumcision reduced the risks of urinary tract infections and sexually transmitted ... MD on Circumcision (ISBN 1571431233) and Circumcision, Sex, God, and Science: Modern Health Benefits of an Ancient Ritual (ISBN ... He held the position of Chair of the 1988 American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on Circumcision. Schoen held positions at ... Interviewed in the Eastbay Express (2000), he stated, "Circumcision is one of the best health insurance policies you can give a ...
Advocates of circumcision argue, for example, that it provides important health advantages that outweigh the risks, has no ... "Male Circumcision and Risk for HIV Transmission and Other Health Conditions: Implications for the United States". Centers for ... Circumcision has been suggested to affect semen displacement. Circumcision causes the coronal ridge to be more pronounced, and ... state that evidence indicates male circumcision significantly reduces the risk of HIV acquisition by men during penile-vaginal ...
Male Circumcision for Reduction of HIV Infection Risk (2005). The first randomized controlled trial to assess the effect ... Controlled Intervention Trial of Male Circumcision for Reduction of HIV Infection Risk: The ANRS 1265 Trial". PLOS Medicine. 2 ... "Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: An Introduction to the Cost, Impact, and Challenges of Accelerated Scaling Up". www. ... "Achieving the HIV Prevention Impact of Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision: Lessons and Challenges for Managing Programs". www. ...
One issue was circumcision, which was repulsive to a Greek mind. Some theorize that the early Christians came largely from the ... 46); and the Jewish women showed their loyalty to the Law, even at the risk of their lives, by themselves circumcising their ... 14, 64d). Circumcision, however, was much more important, and, like baptism, was called a "seal" (Schlatter, "Die Kirche ... 9a). All the more did the law-observing Jews defy the edict of Antiochus Epiphanes prohibiting circumcision (I Macc. i. 48, 60 ...
46); and the Jewish women showed their loyalty to the Law, even at the risk of their lives, by themselves circumcising their ... 9a). All the more did the law-observing Jews defy the edict of Antiochus Epiphanes prohibiting circumcision (I Macc. i. 48, 60 ... Circumcision: In Apocryphal and Rabbinical Literature: "Contact with Grecian life, especially at the games of the arena [which ... he began to draw back and separate himself from the Gentiles because he was afraid of those who belonged to the circumcision ...
The states pay a monthly capitated rate per member to the MCOs that provide comprehensive care and accept the risk of managing ... "Is it lawful to use Medicaid to pay for circumcision?" (PDF). Journal of Law and Medicine. 19 (2): 335-53. PMID 22320007. ...
However, the practice of severe forms of female circumcision is now proven to be a great health risk, and the women of the ... This paper reviews the practice of female circumcision and proposes a plan to reduce the use of harmful forms of circumcision, ... Circumcision occurs for a number of cultural reasons, such as religion, tradition, preserving virginity, and cultural ... societies that still practice female circumcision risk severe health problems. ...
The usual treatment is circumcision. However, in children, sometimes the application of a corticosteroid cream 2 or 3 times ... The tightened foreskin can interfere with urination and sexual activity and may increase the risk of urinary tract infections. ... daily and periodic gentle stretching of the foreskin are effective and spare the child a circumcision. The cream may be used ...
We engage directly with women and men in communities to raise awareness of the risks of FGM. We support them through training ... Female genital mutilation is sometimes referred to with other terms like female circumcision and female genital cutting. We use ... FORWARDs work with affected communities safeguards girls at risk of FGM and supports women living with the consequences - in ... Our continuing work in this region contributes to positive change for young girls at risk of FGM. ...
Risk Factors. Phimosis is more common in young boys. It may also occur in older boys and men. ... This can be done with circumcision. Occasionally, small strands connecting the foreskin to the penis, called adhesions, can be ... Risk Factors. Phimosis is more common in young boys. It may also occur in older boys and men. ... To reduce the risk of respiratory infection, Denver Health has introduced a NO VISITOR policy with limited exceptions. ...
Circumcision, Causes, Risk factors, Complications, Diagnosis of Balanitis ... 5. Circumcision. In adults, circumcision is also done remove the foreskin and to prevent the progression of the disease. The ... Causes & Risk Factors. The balanitis is caused by many conditions. There are also many risk factors which predispose to ... Smoking During Pregnancy Risks, Effects to Mother and Baby Top 10 Healthy Fast Food Tips How to Measure, Lose, and Prevent Body ...
Study selection, data extraction and synthesis and risk of bias assessment using the Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool will ... Scale-up of circumcision services could lead to a rise in these associated morbidities that could have significant impact on ... We will calculate the pooled estimates of the difference in means and risk ratios using random effects models. If insufficient ... However, the effect of infant male circumcision on morbidity and mortality still remains unclear. Acute morbidities associated ...
FGC is also called female genital mutilation or FGM; FGM/C; or female circumcision. ... rites of passage Amnesty International asylum awareness raising Burkina Faso campaigns child/forced marriage childbirth risks ...
The health benefits of circumcision outweigh the procedures risks, and the operation should be covered by insurance, the AAP ...
Some people believe that it can reduce the risk of some infections. Learn more here. ... Circumcision is one of the oldest and most common surgical procedures. It is a simple operation to remove the foreskin of the ... Circumcision Benefits More Than Risks, AAP Male circumcision benefits are greater than the risks, says the American Academy of ... Risks of circumcision. (2016, January 22). Retrieved from http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Circumcision/Pages/Risks.aspx ...
CDC has developed Information for Providers Counseling Male Patients and Parents Regarding Male Circumcision and the Prevention ... HIV Risk and Prevention Estimatesplus icon *HIV Risk Behaviors. *Effectiveness of Prevention Strategies to Reduce the Risk of ... A brief bulleted summary of the health benefits and risks of elective medically performed male circumcision is provided at the ... and risks of medical male circumcision; the acceptability of, provider attitudes towards, access to, and cost-effectiveness of ...
... "the health benefits of newborn male circumcision outweigh the risks."2 This formulation of the debate, "benefits versus risks" ... American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on Circumcision. . Circumcision policy statement. Pediatrics. 2012;130(3):585-586pmid ... Circumcision Policy Statement. Task Force on Circumcision. Pediatrics. 1999;103(3);686-693. Reaffirmation published on 116(3); ... In much of the world, newborn circumcision is not primarily a medical decision. Most circumcisions are done due to religious ...
Circumcision is usually performed two to three weeks after the baby is born. ... During circumcision, the foreskin is surgically removed, exposing the glans. ... A reduction in the risk of sexually transmitted diseases. What are the risks of a circumcision?. The risks of circumcision are ... Circumcision: Benefits, Procedures and Risks. When you learned that you were having a boy, you probably started thinking about ...
The American Academy of Pediatrics has shifted its stance on infant male circumcision, motivated in part by research that says ... Benefits of Circumcision Are Said to Outweigh Risks. By RONI CARYN RABIN. AUG. 27, 2012. ... Two studies have found that circumcision actually increases the risk of H.I.V. infection among sexually active men and women, ... Benefits of Circumcision Are Said to Outweigh Risks. Order Reprints, Todays Paper,Subscribe ...
Male circumcision, sexually transmitted disease, and risk of HIV.. Seed J1, Allen S, Mertens T, Hudes E, Serufilira A, Carael M ... Circumcision may be an appropriate risk reduction approach for men with known exposures to the virus when there are constraints ... Lack of circumcision is associated with a higher risk of HIV infection in Rwandan men. Further research is needed to determine ... Uncircumcised men had a relatively low-risk profile in that they reported fewer lifetime sexual partners and prostitute ...
The authors of a new analysis suggest that circumcision eliminates the possibility of germs flourishing in the moist ... Prevention: Prostate Risk Is Lower After Circumcision. By NICHOLAS BAKALAR. MARCH 12, 2012. ... The scientists found that circumcision before first sexual intercourse was associated with a 15 percent lower risk for prostate ... A new analysis has found evidence that circumcision may reduce the risk for prostate cancer. ...
Circumcision reduced the risk of acquiring herpes simplex-2 (HSV-2) by 24% in a randomized clinical trial in Africa, a ... CROI: Circumcision Reduces Risk of Herpes Simplex-2. BOSTON -- Circumcision reduced the risk of acquiring herpes simplex-2 (HSV ... but that circumcision has been shown to reduce the risk. *Note that this study showed that circumcision reduces the risk of ... 5 -- Circumcision reduced the risk of acquiring herpes simplex-2 (HSV-2) by 24% in a randomized clinical trial in Africa, a ...
The rate of neonatal circumcision has fallen in the U.S., according to a report that says half of uncircumcised men face a ... A review of the scientific literature found the health benefits of circumcision exceeded the risks by more than 100 to 1, said ... A newborn closes his eyes during his circumcision ceremony. New data shows the rate of circumcision in the U.S. has fallen.Noah ... Some parents have opposed what they call an inhumane practice, but much of the drop in circumcision in the U.S. may be due to ...
Male circumcision, which has been shown to protect men from infection with the Aids virus, appears to protect women, too, US ... Male circumcision cuts female Aids risk. Male circumcision, which has been shown to protect men from infection with the Aids ... Circumcision also reduced the risk of infection with other sexually-transmitted diseases such as trichomonas and bacterial ... They re-analysed previous studies and found that circumcision reduced the risk of HIV infection in men by 50% - and by 70% in ...
A review of studies has found that the health benefits of infant male circumcision vastly outweigh the risks involved in the ... Circumcision Benefits Outweigh Risks, Study Reports. By Nicholas Bakalar April 7, 2014 10:38 am. April 7, 2014 10:38 am. ... A review of studies has found that the health benefits of infant male circumcision vastly outweigh the risks involved in the ... "Male circumcision is in principle equivalent to childhood vaccination," said the lead author, Brian J. Morris, emeritus ...
Zamibian men who get circumcised as a part of a public health effort to reduce HIV risk do not seem to engage in riskier sexual ... So the researchers concluded that, on the whole, circumcision has not led to risk compensation among these men.. To read the ... Research has found that circumcision reduces the risk of female-to-male HIV transmission by about 60 percent. As a result, ... Male Circumcision Doesnt Raise Sexual Risk-Taking in Zambia. July 29, 2014 ...
Control and Prevention finds that uncircumcised men and the parents of newborn babies should at least consider circumcision, ... stating that the benefits of the procedure are dramatic while the risks are low. ... Circumcision can also cut the risk of genital herpes, and of getting cancer-causing strains of the human papillomavirus. ... CDC: Health benefits of circumcision outweigh the risks. Posted 6:28 PM, December 2, 2014, by Q13 News Staff ...
A follow-up probe studying the use of circumcision to thwart the AIDS virus has confirmed that foreskin removal significantly ... reduces the risk of HIV infection for men. ... Follow-up Probe Confirms Circumcision Greatly Reduces HIV Risk ... But the risk of HIV infection was 57-61 percent lower among those who had been circumcised. Without circumcision, prevalence of ... Circumcision To Snip or Not to Snip. Circumcision is the removal of a part or the entire foreskin from the penis. It began as a ...
... This is NOT a complication of regular circumcision. Id describe the variant of ... Yahoo! News - Herpes Risk from Ancient Form of Circumcision. This is NOT a complication of regular circumcision. Id describe ... Herpes Risk from Circumcision. Eight infants developed genital herpes following an ancient Jewish ritual of circumcision, ... Herpes Risk from Ancient Form of Circumcision. August 4, 2004 by GruntDoc ...
Ritual circumcision and risk of autism spectrum disorder in 0- to 9-year-old boys: national cohort study in Denmark. Journal of ... I believe circumcision is a nonsense. N.. Whoa!. Come on, circumcision was commanded by God Himself in the Old Law, and just a ... I believe circumcision is a nonsense. N.. Whoa!. Come on, circumcision was commanded by God Himself in the Old Law, and just a ... Ritual circumcision linked to increased risk of autism in young boys, research suggests. Date: January 9, 2015. Source: SAGE ...
Overall, circumcision reduced the mens risk of genital herpes by 28% (10.3% of uncircumcised men; 7.8% of circumcised men) and ... It was already known that circumcision can reduce the risk of penile cancer, a relatively rare disease. In a previous study, ... Genital herpes has been associated with an increased risk of HIV, and HPV can cause genital warts as well as a higher risk of ... the same research team found that adult circumcision could reduce the risk of HIV infection. ...
ForeskinUsual treatment is circumcisionInfectionPenisAfricaFemaleCulturesEffect of circumcisionNeonatalAmerican Academy ofProcedureTask force on circumcisionRoutineAdultInfantPenilePreventionFound that circumcisionSexually transmitInfantsVMMCHuman papillomavirusShow that circumcisionRate of circumcisionBenefit of circumcisionEvidence that circumcisionMedicallyNewbornsInfectionsVoluntaryCervical cancerLowersGenitalJewishHealth benefits of circumcisionMedical indications for circumcisionFalling circumcision ratesIncidenceBenefitsPhimosisShown that circumcisionLack of circumcisionPrevalence of circumcisPractice of circumcisionInnovations in Male CircumcisionMan'sMeatal stenosisReduces RiskTrial of male circumcisionMen's
- The tightened foreskin can interfere with urination and sexual activity and may increase the risk of urinary tract infections . (merckmanuals.com)
- However, in children, sometimes the application of a corticosteroid cream 2 or 3 times daily and periodic gentle stretching of the foreskin are effective and spare the child a circumcision. (merckmanuals.com)
- In adults, circumcision is also done remove the foreskin and to prevent the progression of the disease. (ehealthwall.com)
- Further research into the differences in effect of circumcision on prostate cancer risk by ancestry is warranted, as is the influence of age at circumcision," the authors write. (oncologynurseadvisor.com)
- The study only examined the effect of circumcision on reducing or altering bacterial colonies on the penis. (centralmaine.com)
- The strongest protective effect of circumcision was recorded in Black men, who had a 60% reduced risk if they were circumcised, but no association was found with other ancestral groups. (science20.com)
- Even if the possible effect of circumcision is confirmed, she says, the effect appears to be modest. (nyhq.org)
- 1 , 2 , 3 ) There are continuing concerns about risk compensation (i.e., increased risk behavior among circumcised men because of the known lower risk associated with circumcision) and its potential to mitigate the protective effect of circumcision. (ucsf.edu)
- To assess the effect of circumcision on subsequent pain response, however, it was necessary to include studies where all patients were circumcised. (annfammed.org)
- The protective effect of circumcision was confirmed through clinical trials about 10 years ago, prompting the World Health Organization and local governments to launch massive circumcision programs in 14 priority countries in Africa, which represent 50 percent of all AIDS cases. (voanews.com)
- [ 2 ] Their review uncovered considerable gaps within the current literature on circumcision, including a need for empirically based studies to address questions about circumcision and sexual function, penile sensitivity, the effect of circumcision on men's sexual partners, reasons for circumcision, the effects of age at circumcision (particularly with regard to neonatal circumcision), and the need for objective research outcomes. (medscape.com)
- A number of factors are associated with neonatal circumcision. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- The rate of neonatal circumcision in the United States fell to just 77 percent in 2010 from a high of 83 percent in the 1960s, according to the report published Wednesday in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings. (nbcnews.com)
- Professor Morten Frisch of the Statens Serum Institut, Copenhagen, who led the research, said: "Our investigation was prompted by the combination of recent animal findings linking a single painful injury to lifelong deficits in stress response and a study showing a strong, positive correlation between a country's neonatal male circumcision rate and its prevalence of ASD in boys. (fisheaters.com)
- Is ritual circumcision a risk factor for neonatal urinary tract infections? (bmj.com)
- Neonatal circumcision is usually elected by the parents for non-medical reasons, such as religious beliefs or personal preferences, possibly driven by societal norms. (wikipedia.org)
- Outside the parts of Africa with high prevalence of HIV/AIDS, the positions of the world's major medical organizations on non-therapeutic neonatal circumcision range from considering it as having a modest net health benefit that outweighs small risks to viewing it as having no benefit with significant risks for harm. (wikipedia.org)
- No major medical organization recommends universal neonatal circumcision, and no major medical organization calls for banning it either. (wikipedia.org)
- Neonatal circumcision is often performed just for social or cultural reasons. (thefullwiki.org)
- Arguments to justify the "best interests" case are based upon data to suggest a decreased risk of medical conditions later in life, none of which, with the possible exception of UTI's in boys, requires a decision in the neonatal period, and this could be seen to be an argument to defer a decision until the individual can express his own preferences. (thefullwiki.org)
- Although the American Academy of Pediatrics issued a statement of policy in October 1972 which began: Neonatal circumcision should not be considered a routine procedure , there has been little noticeable change in the circumcision policy in this country so far. (historyofcircumcision.net)
- This article offers a critique of the recently revised BMA guidance on routine neonatal male circumcision and seeks to challenge the assumptions underpinning the guidance which construe this procedure as a matter of parental choice. (bmj.com)
- In recognition of the growing controversy surrounding neonatal male circumcision, the British Medical Association's Medical Ethics Committee released new guidance for doctors in 2003. (bmj.com)
- 3, 4 This article offers a brief assessment of the BMA's response to the practice of neonatal circumcision, and suggests that certain assumptions underpinning it need to be questioned. (bmj.com)
- Current evidence fails to recommend widespread neonatal circumcision for these purposes. (annfammed.org)
- I argue that the fact that the boy who grows up in such a household would most likely choose to become circumcised as an adult tilts the balance of interests decisively in favour of neonatal circumcision. (bmj.com)
- Today, the incidence of neonatal circumcision in New Zealand is very low. (huggies.co.nz)
- Thus, male circumcision reduces the risk of several sexually transmitted infections in both sexes, and these benefits should guide public health policies for neonatal, adolescent, and adult male circumcision programs. (healthcarenewsblog.com)
- Routine neonatal circumcision has become a controversial issue in the past 2 decades as many of the previously accepted medical indications have come under considerable scrutiny. (medscape.com)
- however, these data are not sufficient to recommend routine neonatal circumcision. (medscape.com)
- The AAP Task Force on Circumcision recommends the use of environmental, nonpharmacologic, and pharmacologic interventions to reduce pain and distress during neonatal circumcision. (medscape.com)
- Although some physicians are averse to the use of EMLA cream in the neonatal period because of concern of causing methemoglobinemia, its use has been proven to be safe for circumcisions in this age group. (medscape.com)
- Oral acetaminophen provides adequate pain control after neonatal circumcision. (medscape.com)
- Several complications are associated with neonatal circumcision. (medscape.com)
- The Royal Dutch Medical Association, which expresses some of the strongest opposition to routine neonatal circumcision, does not call for the practice to be made illegal out of their concern that parents who insist on the procedure would turn to poorly trained practitioners instead of medical professionals. (wikipedia.org)
- Neonatal male circumcision (NMC) is simpler, safer and cheaper than adult MC. (biomedcentral.com)
- Neonatal male circumcision (NMC) offers advantages over circumcision of adults and has long been used to improve hygiene in some cultures [ 9 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- In 2007, following a flurry of reports describing a benefit of circumcision in the fight against HIV, the American Academy of Pediatrics reconvened the task force on circumcision to update its policy statement of 1999. (aappublications.org)
- What is often lost in the reporting on the American Academy of Pediatrics guidelines was the second half of the benefits/risk sentence, "the procedure's benefits justify access to this procedure for families who choose it," and later "health benefits are not great enough to recommend routine circumcision. (aappublications.org)
- The American Academy of Pediatrics has not found sufficient supporting evidence to medically recommend circumcision or argue against it. (americanpregnancy.org)
- The American Academy of Pediatrics states that there are not enough benefits from circumcision to recommend it as a routine practice and that it is not medically necessary. (americanpregnancy.org)
- The American Academy of Pediatrics has shifted its stance on infant male circumcision, announcing on Monday that new research, including studies in Africa suggesting that the procedure may protect heterosexual men against H.I.V., indicated that the health benefits outweighed the risks. (nytimes.com)
- Circumcision rates have traditionally been higher in the U.S. than in Europe, but the American Academy of Pediatrics currently says that the medical benefits are insufficient to recommend circumcision for all baby boys. (health.com)
- 2 In 2012, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) radically changed their original 1999 circumcision policy. (bmj.com)
- The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP - the science-based one) has recently published the results of its task force on circumcision. (jonathanturley.org)
- While the procedure is usually performed for religious or cultural reasons, the American Academy of Pediatrics states that, while there is some scientific evidence that demonstrates potential medical benefits of male circumcision, the data are not sufficient to recommend routine circumcision in newborns. (go.com)
- According to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), there are medical benefits and risks to circumcision. (medlineplus.gov)
- What are the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations on circumcision? (medlineplus.gov)
- In 2012 a task force of the American Academy of Pediatrics reviewed current research and found that the health benefits of newborn male circumcision outweigh the risks. (medlineplus.gov)
- American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on Circumcision. (medlineplus.gov)
- The compiling of the different data sources may really be sufficient for someone who is a heterosexual male to consider the benefit of circumcision," Dr. Susan Blank, a pediatrician and chairwoman of the American Academy of Pediatrics' circumcision task force, told Shots. (kuow.org)
- In 2012, the American Academy of Pediatrics said for the first time that the benefits of circumcision outweigh the risks, and that insurers should pay for the procedure. (kuow.org)
- With these factors in mind, the American Academy of Pediatrics has issued a policy statement that states though there is existing scientific evidence that indicates the medical benefits of circumcision, the benefits are not strong enough to recommended circumcision as a routine practice. (thefreedictionary.com)
- As long ago as 1999, the American Academy of Pediatrics revised its official stance on circumcision. (healthday.com)
- The CDC, the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the American Urological Association all validate baby circumcision and highlight its medical benefits-circumcision can protect against various infections and some forms of cancer-but they stop short of recommending that all babies need the procedure. (thebump.com)
- They say the pediatric society's stance should be revised so that it's more in line with the American Academy of Pediatrics, whose latest policy concludes that the scientific research shows clearer health benefits to the procedure than had previously been believed, including a lower risk of acquiring HIV, genital herpes, the human papilloma virus (HPV) and syphilis. (buenafeclinic.com)
- Currently, the American Academy of Pediatrics does not recommend routine circumcision for newborn males stating the evidence was not significant enough to prove the operation's benefit. (fark.com)
- An adult circumcision procedure takes around 1 hour and recovery takes 2 to 3 weeks. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Before deciding one way or the other, it is helpful to understand how the procedure is performed, the risks, and the benefits. (americanpregnancy.org)
- Often called a "bris" or "holistic circumcision", this procedure takes about 15-30 seconds. (americanpregnancy.org)
- However, as with any surgical procedure, there should be careful consideration of the risks. (americanpregnancy.org)
- Note that this study showed that circumcision reduces the risk of getting HSV-2, which may help explain the effect of the procedure on HIV acquisition. (medpagetoday.com)
- A review of studies has found that the health benefits of infant male circumcision vastly outweigh the risks involved in the procedure. (nytimes.com)
- Eight infants developed genital herpes following an ancient Jewish ritual of circumcision, highlighting the dangers associated with this procedure, researchers report. (gruntdoc.com)
- However, scientists report that a new study of HIV-infected men in Uganda has identified a temporary, but potentially troublesome unintended consequence of the procedure: a possible increased risk of infecting female sexual partners while the circumcision wounds heal. (medindia.net)
- Healthcare providers are expected to answer the parents' queries about circumcision, but parents don't want a specific recommendation on the procedure, a poll finds. (medindia.net)
- A rare procedure performed during Jewish circumcisions that involves direct oral suction is a likely source of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) transmissions documented in infants between 1988 and 2012. (medindia.net)
- Circumcision reduces a man's risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases, and now researchers have found a possible explanation: the procedure reduces the quantity and diversity of bacteria at the head of the penis," the New York Times' " Well " blog reports (Bakalar, 4/18). (kff.org)
- Previous studies have found that circumcision reduces a man's risk of becoming infected with HIV by 50% to 60%, and the procedure has the potential to reduce the HIV epidemic in areas of Eastern and Southern Africa where circumcision is uncommon and the epidemic most severe. (science20.com)
- As circumcision is promoted in these regions, HIV-positive men will likely seek the procedure either because they do not know their HIV status or to avoid being stigmatized. (science20.com)
- all legal guardians consent in writing, the legal guardians declare that they regard the circumcision as a religious duty (i.e. not a matter of tradition, aesthetics, or hygiene), and the procedure is performed by a doctor according to the usual medical standards. (jonathanturley.org)
- Also many advocates would oppose the circumcision procedure, who decried the pain, bleeding and risk of infections to infants. (doctorvista.com)
- But Dr. Douglas Diekema, director of education for the Treuman Katz Center for Pediatric Bioethics at Seattle Children's Hospital, said that the procedure has been shown to reduce the risk of several infections . (go.com)
- Some data also show that the procedure reduces the risk of contracting HIV, HPV and penile cancer. (go.com)
- Circumcision is a surgical procedure to remove the foreskin, the skin that covers the tip of the penis. (medlineplus.gov)
- Circumcision is a procedure to remove the foreskin from your penis. (drugs.com)
- Circumcision is considered a very safe procedure for both newborns and older children. (medlineplus.gov)
- Given that adverse consequences of medical male circumcision, especially when performed in infancy, are rare, this simple prophylactic procedure should be promoted. (hindawi.com)
- Federal health officials say the benefits of the procedure outweigh the risks. (kuow.org)
- For adults and children, general anesthesia is an option and the procedure may be performed without a specialized circumcision device. (wikipedia.org)
- No major medical organization recommends either universal circumcision of all males or banning the procedure. (wikipedia.org)
- A typical circumcision procedure involves the following steps: Figure A: The surgeon makes an incision around the foreskin. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Circumcision in HIV unifected men may reduce the likelihood of becoming infected with HIV, reduce sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in men, not engender increases in sexual risk behaviors, and be acceptable to men as a procedure for preventing HIV. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The participants not receiving immediate circumcision will be offered circumcision after completion of 2 years of follow-up study, provided there is evidence of the efficacy of this procedure at that time. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- The process of informed consent obligates the physician to explain any procedure or treatment and to enumerate the risks, benefits, and alternatives for the patient to make an informed choice. (thefullwiki.org)
- They state that in the case of circumcision, where there are potential benefits and risks, yet the procedure is not essential to the child's current well-being, the parents ought to determine what is in the child's best interests, and that it is legitimate for parents to take into account cultural, religious, and ethnic traditions, as well as medical factors. (thefullwiki.org)
- They state that physicians should not coerce parents, but should assist parents in their decision by "explaining the potential benefits and risks and by ensuring that they [the parents] understand that circumcision is an elective procedure. (thefullwiki.org)
- By interrogating historical medical explanations for this practice, which continue to surface in contemporary justifications of non-consensual male circumcision, we demonstrate how circumcision has long existed as a procedure in need of a justification. (bmj.com)
- In the case of non-therapeutic circumcision of children, proponents of laws in favor of the procedure often point to the rights of the parents or practitioners, namely the right of freedom to religion. (wikipedia.org)
- Male circumcision is the most commonly performed surgical procedure in the world. (annfammed.org)
- 1 The procedure may be performed to treat an underlying pathological process (therapeutic circumcision) or for prophylactic, religious, cultural, or social reasons (nontherapeutic circumcision). (annfammed.org)
- Performed in a clinic under local anesthesia, the procedure takes less than five minutes, compared with approximately 20 to 30 minutes for a traditional "free hands" circumcision that requires suturing. (medgadget.com)
- Like many before him, Mansoor also criticised the fact that the bill describes circumcision as a procedure that causes immense shock to the child, adding that as a circumcised individual he does not remember anything about it-not where or when it happened, nor how painful it was. (grapevine.is)
- Instead, Mansoor explains, the benefits of being circumcised far outweigh the risks, as the procedure has been said to decrease the likelihood of contracting sexually transmitted diseases or various infections such as UTI. (grapevine.is)
- the Imam asks, further criticising the idea that circumcision neglects the rights of a child to consent to or decline the procedure. (grapevine.is)
- Circumcision is a one-time procedure that could help decrease , but not eliminate a man's risk of acquiring HIV during vaginal sex, possibly for the rest of his life. (thebody.com)
- Adult circumcision requires surgically removing the foreskin of the penis (Infant circumcision is a simpler procedure, which does not involve stitches). (thebody.com)
- Recent circumcision studies among HIV-negative men also suggest that wound healing might play a role in increasing the rate of new HIV infections post-surgery and that the benefits to circumcision are not seen until six to twelve months after the procedure. (aidsmap.com)
- Circumcisions that are performed for religious reasons are sometimes done by others trained in the procedure. (alberta.ca)
- The procedure was common from the 1920's to 1960's, but from the 70's medical authorities began advising against it and in the 1980's medically unnecessary circumcision was largely abandoned. (huggies.co.nz)
- The procedure is performed by a 'mohel', an observant Jew who has been trained in the relevant Jewish law and surgical techniques of circumcision. (huggies.co.nz)
- Circumcision is a medical procedure that involves the surgical removal of the foreskin from over the penis. (fletcherssolicitors.co.uk)
- Despite the myths around circumcision, the procedure is not risk free and the consequences of any complications cannot be underestimated. (fletcherssolicitors.co.uk)
- Before surgery, your surgeon should provide you with information on the recognised risks of the procedure. (fletcherssolicitors.co.uk)
- Bleeding - as the foreskin is being cut during the procedure, there is a risk of bleeding. (fletcherssolicitors.co.uk)
- Although no consensus exists among scholars regarding the origins of circumcision, some have suggested that this procedure likely originated in Egypt some 15,000 years ago and that its practice later spread throughout the world during prehistoric human migrations. (medscape.com)
- Egyptian mummies and wall carvings discovered in the 19th century offer some of the earliest records of circumcision dating this procedure to at least 6000 years BC. (medscape.com)
- In patients who undergo formal circumcisions in the operating room, caudal blocks and dorsal penile blocks decrease the amount of pain medication required after the procedure. (medscape.com)
- If your baby boy is born healthy, once he receives his vitamin K shot and you've filled out the consent form outlining the pros and cons of circumcision, he'll be whisked away sometime in the first 24 to 48 hours after birth for the circumcision procedure. (thebump.com)
- Although the Americans said the health benefits aren't great enough to recommend routine circumcision, "the benefits are sufficient to justify access to this procedure for families choosing it" and that insurers should pay for it. (buenafeclinic.com)
- When added up, "we found that up to 65 per cent of uncircumcised males might experience at least one of these (medical conditions) over their lifetime," according to the authors, who conducted a new risk-benefit analysis of the controversial procedure and conclude the benefits exceed risks by about 100 to one. (buenafeclinic.com)
- Adult circumcision is a surgical option for men who did not get circumcised as infants, and there are sound medical reasons for the procedure. (everydayhealth.com)
- The cost of adult circumcision varies, but it will be higher if you have general anesthesia instead of local anesthesia and if you have the procedure done in a hospital instead of an ambulatory care center. (everydayhealth.com)
- On the other hand, there are the costs, the temporary discomfort, and the possible risks associated with the procedure to consider, and a circumcised penis will probably not add anything to your sexual experience. (everydayhealth.com)
- While adolescent and adult voluntary male circumcision (VMC) may yield almost immediate HIV prevention benefits, lack of demand for the procedure has been a major barrier to achieving circumcision targets [ 8 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
- Most Thais are Buddhists, and Buddhism does not have any prohibitions against circumcision and low NMC rates are due to low awareness of the procedure and its benefits. (biomedcentral.com)
- This summer, a German regional court ruled that circumcision is physical abuse, and a Swiss hospital temporarily banned the procedure. (wyso.org)
- But the academy stopped short of recommending routine circumcision for all baby boys, saying the decision remains a family matter. (nytimes.com)
- Medicaid programs in several states have stopped paying for the routine circumcision of infants. (nytimes.com)
- However, the AAP notes that the health benefits are not great enough to warrant routine circumcision. (jonathanturley.org)
- The AAP does not recommend routine circumcision. (medlineplus.gov)
- Prevention of those conditions is not a justification for routine circumcision of infants. (wikipedia.org)
- An extraordinary feature of the United States today is the widening gulf between popular and professional medical attitudes towards routine circumcision, and the sharp divisions of opinion among medical and health professionals themselves. (circinfo.org)
- In the meantime, medical authorities in both Australia and the Netherlands have issued policies that firmly reject routine circumcision, making it far more difficult for those who want to restore the old days. (circinfo.org)
- since there are no American studies showing that circumcision has any protective effect against these problems, it becomes very difficult to "recommend" it as a routine health precaution. (circinfo.org)
- The evidence, however, is conflicting and, according to RACP , does not justify routine circumcision in countries where HIV is of low prevalence. (huggies.co.nz)
- There is some evidence that circumcision can reduce the risk of penile cancer by ten fold, but the rarity of the condition (approximately 1 in 100,000 in developed countries) and other predispositions means that routine circumcision for this reason alone is not supported. (huggies.co.nz)
- The investigators commented that such research is needed to inform policy makers, healthcare professionals, parents, and others with regard to the decision to perform routine circumcision on male neonates in North America. (medscape.com)
- I could also point out that most of Europe is intact, and if we're comparing the HIV rates in industrialized countries , the U.S., with its tradition of routine infant circumcision, still wins. (ecochildsplay.com)
- The Washington Post reports that the pediatric association still won't recommend routine circumcisions, but it will say circumcision can prevent some diseases and is beneficial to public health. (wyso.org)
- Since I have never read about an infant describing his circumcision, it's one of those things I think is best done as soon as possible (ask any adult who's had a circ: it's like chickenpox, the younger you have it the better off you are). (gruntdoc.com)
- Study coauthor Thomas C. Quinn, MD, professor of global health at Johns Hopkins University, says that choosing circumcision, whether it's the parents of an infant or an adult male for himself, is and should remain an individual decision. (health.com)
- While the prospect of undergoing circumcision as an adult might not appeal to many American men, 5,000 Ugandan males volunteered for the study. (centralmaine.com)
- Although the trial shows promising protective effects of adult male circumcision in reducing HIV acquisition, UNAids emphasises that more research is needed," the United Nations Aids agency said in a statement. (bio-medicine.org)
- New Circumcision Survey: Long-Term Harm, Human Rights Violations SAN ANSELMO, Calif., March 1, 2017 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- A new survey of men circumcised at birth documents wide-ranging adverse adult outcomes and reveals considerable dissatisfaction and resentment about the genital modification. (doctorsopposingcircumcision.org)
- Adult male circumcision may be an effective preventive measure to slow the spread of HIV and other STIs. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- 001). The evidence suggests that adult circumcision does not affect sexual satisfaction and function. (annfammed.org)
- The role of adult nontherapeutic male circumcision in preventing sexually transmitted infections, urinary tract infections, and penile cancer remains unclear. (annfammed.org)
- With the recent endorsement by the World Health Organization (WHO) and scientists worldwide of adult male circumcision as an important strategy for HIV prevention, there is increased urgency to develop safe and cost-effective circumcision services. (medgadget.com)
- How Is Circumcision Done in Adult Men, and How Can It Reduce Transmission of HIV From Women to Men? (thebody.com)
- Because three clinical trials in South Africa, Kenya and Uganda appeared to show that circumcision of sexually active adult men could lower their risk of acquiring HIV in an environment of high heterosexual prevalence, baby boys in America should be circumcised as a precaution. (circinfo.org)
- Finally, I consider the child's interest in avoiding the future costs of adult circumcision. (bmj.com)
- This is mainly because circumcision at this early age would eliminate the significant expected additional costs of adult circumcision that the young man would most likely come to face if infant circumcision were forbidden. (bmj.com)
- Researchers compared pre- and post-circumcision behaviors to assess risk compensation in adult men undergoing voluntary medical male circumcision. (malecircumcision.org)
- Adult circumcision is an option for men who were not circumcised as infants. (everydayhealth.com)
- If you are considering an adult circumcision, talk to your doctor and go over all the risks and benefits carefully. (everydayhealth.com)
- A good argument in support of adult circumcision can be made from the standpoint of reducing the risk of STDs and HIV. (everydayhealth.com)
- The CDC supports this option, but cautions that adult circumcision is no substitute for other proven safe sex measures. (everydayhealth.com)
- Circumcision should always be performed by a skilled professional and only on a healthy infant, using proven techniques to prevent infections. (americanpregnancy.org)
- One cost-benefit analysis that considered infant urinary tract infections and sexually transmitted diseases found that if circumcision rates were decreased to the 10 percent typical in European countries, the additional direct medical costs over 10 years of births would be more than $4.4 billion. (nytimes.com)
- I would be interested in knowing how infant circumcision compares with other traumatic, painful events, like other surgeries. (fisheaters.com)
- In the United States, infant circumcision is declining. (health.com)
- ABSTRACT: Here we review the international evidence for benefits and risks of infant male circumcision (MC) and use this to develop an evidence-based policy statement for a developed nation setting, focusing on Australia. (scirp.org)
- But the pediatricians' focus was on parents considering infant circumcision. (kuow.org)
- In the United States, circumcision in infant boys is performed for social, medical, or cultural/religious reasons. (thefreedictionary.com)
- We suggest that infant male circumcision is characterised by an acceptance of levels of risk unimaginable in other health care contexts. (bmj.com)
- First, we examine how risk to the infant male body is understood and managed within the debates, and secondly how this informs the way in which male circumcision is constructed in opposition to female genital modification. (bmj.com)
- There are currently no states that unequivocally ban infant male circumcision for non-therapeutic reasons. (wikipedia.org)
- Whereas child custody regulations have been applied to cases involving circumcision, there seems to be no state which currently unequivocally bans infant male circumcision for non-therapeutic reasons, albeit the legality of such circumcision is disputed in some legislations. (wikipedia.org)
- The present table provides a non-exhaustive overview comparing legal restrictions and requirements on non-therapeutic infant circumcision in several countries. (wikipedia.org)
- It would appear either that they cannot find the evidence they need to justify a recommendation of infant circumcision in the United States, or that the members of the various task forces cannot reach agreement on the content or wording of the policy. (circinfo.org)
- The likelihood of the child choosing circumcision in the religious case also reduces the extent to which infant circumcision violates his interest in self-determination. (bmj.com)
- I conclude that male infant circumcision falls within the prerogative of parental decision-making in the secular case and even more clearly so in the religious case. (bmj.com)
- Until fairly recently, many infant circumcisions were performed without anaesthetic. (huggies.co.nz)
- But changing demographics, recent opposition to infant circumcision and a few states eliminating Medicaid coverage for the practice have contributed to dropping circumcision rates in the US. (thebump.com)
- Although these health risks are low, they are higher than for infant circumcision. (everydayhealth.com)
- Researchers conducted a comparative cost analysis of early infant male circumcision (EIMC) performed by nurse-midwives and doctors using the AccuCirc device in Zimbabwe. (malecircumcision.org)
- It was already known that circumcision can reduce the risk of penile cancer, a relatively rare disease. (health.com)
- Genital herpes has been associated with an increased risk of HIV , and HPV can cause genital warts as well as a higher risk of anal, cervical (in women), and penile cancers. (health.com)
- Earlier studies have already shown that circumcision lowers the risk for urinary tract infections, penile cancer, and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) like HIV, herpes simplex, and human papillomavirus. (nyhq.org)
- A slightly lower risk of urinary tract infections and penile cancer. (medlineplus.gov)
- Each is strongly associated with risk of penile cancer. (hindawi.com)
- These findings have led to calls for promotion of male circumcision, especially in infancy, to help reduce the global burden of penile cancer. (hindawi.com)
- The disease is confined almost exclusively to men who are uncircumcised, the lifetime risk of penile cancer in an uncircumcised man being 1 in 600 in the USA and 1 in 900 in Denmark [ 2 ]. (hindawi.com)
- But the overall risk of penile cancer is very low in developed countries, such as the U.S. (ahealthyme.com)
- Make all health care providers aware of the risk of paraphimosis associated with catheterization, and remind them to always reduce the foreskin after penile cleaning and catheterization. (medscape.com)
- Studies have also shown a lower risk of urinary tract infections among circumcised versus uncircumcised boys, and a lower lifetime risk of penile cancer. (buenafeclinic.com)
- It decreases the risk of penile cancer. (ecochildsplay.com)
- There is conflicting data on whether circumcision decreases the risk for penile cancer, but I hardly think that we should cut off a healthy functioning sexual organ over such a minute risk. (ecochildsplay.com)
- Officials with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, which for several years have been pondering circumcision recommendations of their own, have yet to weigh in and declined to comment on the academy's new stance. (nytimes.com)
- On evidence in support of male circumcision in HIV prevention: what next? (nih.gov)
- Circumcision is now a proven, effective prevention strategy to reduce HIV infections in men," said Robert Bailey, professor of epidemiology in the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) School of Public Health and principal investigator of the study. (medica-tradefair.com)
- With these findings, the evidence is now available for donor and normative agencies, like WHO and UNAIDS, to actively promote circumcision in a safe context and along with other HIV prevention strategies," Bailey said. (medica-tradefair.com)
- The reduction in risk of these STIs and cervical cancer adds to the data supporting global efforts to deploy MC as a health-promoting and life-saving public health measure and supplements other STI prevention strategies. (frontiersin.org)
- To complement the prevention benefits of the medical male circumcision roll-out in several parts of Kenya, interventions to reduce risky sexual behavior should continue to be promoted. (popcouncil.org)
- The guidelines don't outright call for circumcision of all male new borns since that it's a personal decision that may involve religious or cultural preferences, Dr. Jonathan Mermin, director of CDC's National Center for HIV Aids, STD and TB Prevention said the Associated Press. (doctorvista.com)
- According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , the rate of circumcision among baby boys in the United States seems to be declining. (go.com)
- This is largely due to the fact that more people are becoming aware of the health advantages of circumcision, notably in HIV prevention," said the hospital's Dr Odion Aire. (health24.com)
- For the first time, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - the CDC - is weighing in on circumcision. (kuow.org)
- EUGENE MCCRAY: Given the fact that HIV is such a serious disease, we believe that persons at risk should have all prevention tools available to them. (kuow.org)
- The study will compare the combined biobehavioral sexual risk reduction intervention to the standard of care, which focuses exclusively on the provision of circumcision services alone, with the goal of optimizing both local and national HIV prevention efforts. (clinicaltrials.gov)
- Male circumcision should be recognized as an additional, important strategy for prevention of heterosexually acquired HIV in men. (verywellhealth.com)
- Circumcision as Prevention: A One-Way Street? (verywellhealth.com)
- Recent research shows that circumcision 1 could be an effective new HIV prevention tool, especially in areas of the world with high HIV prevalence and low rates of circumcision. (thebody.com)
- While new data on male circumcision as an HIV prevention tool are very promising for some settings, particularly in the developing world, it is still unclear how this data could -- or should -- impact HIV prevention strategies in the United States. (thebody.com)
- CHAPS, the Center for HIV and AIDS Prevention Studies, which manages the clinics, continues to study the impact of circumcisions. (voanews.com)
- The Clearinghouse's Resource Library contains hundreds of resources on voluntary medical male circumcision for HIV prevention. (malecircumcision.org)
- The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that men consider circumcision as an additional measure, along with safe sex, to prevent HIV. (everydayhealth.com)
- In 2011, the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) stated that male circumcision is an efficacious intervention for HIV prevention if carried out by medical professionals under safe conditions. (wikipedia.org)
- The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that circumcision reduces the risk that a man will acquire HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) from an infected female partner. (wikipedia.org)
- Male circumcision should now be recognized as an efficacious intervention for HIV prevention. (wikipedia.org)
- Male circumcision should never replace other known effective prevention methods and should always be considered as part of a comprehensive prevention package, which includes correct and consistent use of male or female condoms, reduction in the number of sexual partners, delaying the onset of sexual relations, and HIV testing and counselling. (wikipedia.org)
- Further research is needed to determine whether this higher risk is due in part to poor hygiene or to complex mechanisms operating through the acquisition of other sexually transmitted diseases. (nih.gov)
- And there is good evidence that circumcision can reduce rates of sexually transmitted diseases . (nytimes.com)
- We await the Christian conservatives' outrage, claiming that circumcision, and it accompanying reduction in sexually transmitted diseases, will increase male promiscuity. (jonathanturley.org)
- The validity of the score was determined by measuring the association between scores on the risk scale and incident sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). (ucsf.edu)
- New evidence linking lack of circumcision with sexually transmitted human immunodeficiency virus revives concerns about circumcision and other sexually transmitted diseases. (nih.gov)
- A cross-sectional study of 2776 heterosexual men attending a sexually transmitted disease clinic in 1988 was used to investigate the relationship between circumcision and sexually transmitted diseases. (nih.gov)
- Circumcised boys and men have a lower risk for some sexually transmitted diseases. (ahealthyme.com)
- Evidence concerning the association of sexually transmitted diseases and circumcision is conflicting. (aappublications.org)
- The international team of researchers say that's worrisome because uncircumcised infants are at a greater risk for urinary tract infections, which can lead to kidney damage. (nbcnews.com)
- I think circumcision should be prohibited for infants. (fisheaters.com)
- In the continuing debate over the need for circumcision in infants, a new study reports that men who have prostate cancer are less likely to be circumcised. (nyhq.org)
- The risk of complications in infants is 0.4 percent, one large analysis found, 9 percent in boys ages 1 to 9, and 5 percent over age 10. (kuow.org)
- Also, infants with a large hydrocoele or hernia may suffer important complications through circumcision. (thefreedictionary.com)
- and (3) even if this claim were true, whether circumcision of infants was a logical and ethically acceptable response. (circinfo.org)
- The use of voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) to reduce the risk of HIV transmission in heterosexual men remains a highly contentious issue. (verywellhealth.com)
- Renee Ridzon of the Office of the US Global AIDS Coordinator and Health Diplomacy reports on the use of devices in voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) programmes and. (malecircumcision.org)
- Researchers conducted a prospective study, involving 402 male adolescents (ages 13 to 17), on the use of the PrePex device to perform voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) at. (malecircumcision.org)
- TAC supports voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) because of the clear evidence that it reduces a heterosexual man's risk of contracting HIV. (tac.org.za)
- After the closure of the randomised control trial in Orange Farm that demonstrated a 60% reduction in risk of contracting HIV for circumcised heterosexual men , a follow up trial was carried out to research the uptake of VMMC and the effect of VMMC on sexual behaviour and HIV incidence. (tac.org.za)
- Circumcision can also cut the risk of genital herpes, and of getting cancer-causing strains of the human papillomavirus. (q13fox.com)
- Evaluation of the data from the studies retrieved showed that MC is associated with a reduced risk in women of being infected by oncogenic human papillomavirus (HPV) genotypes and of contracting cervical cancer. (frontiersin.org)
- 2009) Effect of male circumcision on the prevalence of high-risk human papillomavirus in young men Results of a randomized controlled trial conducted in orange farm. (scirp.org)
- Risks for genital ulcers, chlamydia , human papillomavirus (HPV) , syphilis , and type 2 herpes have been shown to be lower in men who have circumcised penises. (everydayhealth.com)
- And even research doesn't show that circumcision would help in stopping HIV spread during gay sex. (doctorvista.com)
- Women weren't buying circumcision when it was only claimed to protect men from HIV, and a study by this same team started to show that circumcision could INcrease the risk of HIV to women, but (so? (healthcarenewsblog.com)
- Several international studies show that circumcision lowers the risk of HIV transmission. (everydayhealth.com)
- New data shows the rate of circumcision in the U.S. has fallen. (nbcnews.com)
- African Americans and Hispanics already have a lower rate of circumcision and having to pay out of pocket may make it even more likely that it won't be done. (nbcnews.com)
- Over the past few years we have seen any number of scaremongering articles, with titles such as "Declining rate of circumcision despite increasing evidence of health benefits", and numerous opinion pieces by diehard believers in circumcision, who paint lurid scenarios of the public health catastrophe that is sure to unfold if American parents stop circumcising their baby boys. (circinfo.org)
- Worldwide, the rate of circumcision is much lower. (alberta.ca)
- A brief bulleted summary of the health benefits and risks of elective medically performed male circumcision is provided at the end of the document. (cdc.gov)
- Roughly half of the men underwent medically supervised circumcision at the start of the trial, while the other half were circumcised two years later. (health.com)
- And it wasn t until the twentieth century that doctors started developing theories that circumcision was medically beneficial. (historyofcircumcision.net)
- The Danish College of General Practitioners states that circumcision should "only [be done] when medically needed, otherwise it is a case of mutilation. (wikipedia.org)
- Although several surveys have found a decline in circumcision rates since the 1960s, the majority of men living in the United States were circumcised as newborns. (kuow.org)
- Circumcision is not just done in newborns. (cigna.com)
- Others have described seeing the immense pain newborns suffered from circumcision practiced without anesthesia. (grapevine.is)
- This topic focuses on the circumcision of newborns. (alberta.ca)
- Evidence has indicated a lower risk of some sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV. (medicalnewstoday.com)
- Few parents when really questioned are doing it solely to lower the risk of urinary tract infections or ulcerative sexually transmitted infections. (aappublications.org)
- The finding may help explain why circumcision reduces the risk of getting HIV, Dr. Tobian told attendees at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. (medpagetoday.com)
- Now, they told the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections, it appears that among infected men, circumcision reduces the likelihood they will transmit the virus through sex. (aljazeera.com)
- All men enrolled in the study received free HIV testing and counselling, medical care, tests and treatment for sexually transmitted infections, condoms and behavioural risk counselling for 24 months. (medica-tradefair.com)
- Does Male Circumcision Reduce Women's Risk of Sexually Transmitted Infections, Cervical Cancer, and Associated Conditions? (frontiersin.org)
- Male circumcision (MC) is proven to substantially reduce men's risk of a number of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). (frontiersin.org)
- We explored associations between MC of the primary sex partner and women's risk of acquisition of chlamydial (Ct), gonococcal (GC), or trichomonal (Tv) infections. (ovid.com)
- Circumcision has been shown to reduce the risk of several infections," said Diekema. (go.com)
- Medical circumcisions are on the rise at Africa's only specialised urology hospital as more men hope to reduce their risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. (health24.com)
- In SA where almost 18% of the population is living with HIV , the government's National Strategic Plan on HIV, STI's and TB includes promoting male circumcision to decrease HIV infections. (health24.com)
- Men who are circumcised are protected against multiple foreskin-related risk factors and are less likely to acquire HPV infections. (healthshare.com.au)
- Male circumcision also provides indirect protection against various other infections in women, along with direct protection for men from a number of genital tract infections, including HIV. (hindawi.com)
- Health benefits of circumcision include being less likely to get urinary tract infections (UTIs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs). (cigna.com)
- Circumcision doesn't provide as much protection from urinary tract infections (UTIs) as previously t. (wddty.com)
- Despite the suggestion that circumcision can be helpful in preventing infections, almost 500 Icelandic doctors have recently denied said claims, signing a declaration that supports the ban on circumcision, Visir.is reports. (grapevine.is)
- All men in the trials were also given screening and treatment for sexually transmitted infections, condoms, and risk reduction counseling. (thebody.com)
- But it has opened up another front to reduce new HIV infections: promoting circumcision. (voanews.com)
- Since 2007, more than 1.5 million circumcisions have been performed in the country, suggesting close to 400,000 new infections may have been avoided. (voanews.com)
- Our findings indicate that male circumcision should now be accepted as an efficacious intervention for reducing the prevalence and incidence of HPV infections in female partners. (healthcarenewsblog.com)
- A 28 percent higher risk of being infected with HPV" sounds like a lot (expressing it that way magnifies a small difference in rare ailments), but the study actually found circumcision seemed to make a difference of 6.2 HPV infections per hundred person-years. (healthcarenewsblog.com)
- Sexually transmitted infections and the HIV-positive partner being recently infected increase the risk of transmission. (aidsmap.com)
- Studies of other sexually transmitted infections are suggestive that circumcision is protective. (wikipedia.org)
- Male circumcision (MC) reduces the risk of female-to-male transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). (biomedcentral.com)
- Most HIV infections occur through heterosexual contact [ 14 ], the transmission risk reduced by MC. (biomedcentral.com)
- Tetanus and voluntary medical male circumcision: risk according to circumcision method and risk mitigation. (who.int)
- An article in International Journal of Behavioral Medicine reports on a study to assess risk compensation behaviours among young, school-going men following voluntary medical male. (malecircumcision.org)
- In March 2015, the World Health Organization (WHO) convened its Technical Working Group on Innovations in Male Circumcision (TAG) to review reports from voluntary medical male. (malecircumcision.org)
- Circumcision must be voluntary and only carried out with informed consent. (tac.org.za)
- MC reduces risk of oncogenic HPV genotypes, cervical cancer, T. vaginalis , bacterial vaginosis and possibly genital ulcer disease in women. (frontiersin.org)
- What does the latest research say about male circumcision and cervical cancer risk? (healthshare.com.au)
- A large study if the New England Journal of Medicine found that the risk of cervical cancer in monogamous women whose male partner had had 5 or more previous sexual partners was 6 fold lower when their male partner was circumcised. (healthshare.com.au)
- Data from randomized controlled trials and other studies has confirmed that partner MC reduces women's risk not only of oncogenic HPV, but as well Trichomonas vaginalis , bacterial vaginosis and possibly genital ulcer disease. (frontiersin.org)
- Evidence has shown that women with circumcised partners have a reduced risk for genital cancer. (onlinecancerguide.com)
- For female circumcision, see Female genital mutilation . (wikipedia.org)
- Female circumcision (also known as female genital mutilation ) is usually performed for cultural and social reasons by family members and others who are not members of the medical profession, with no anesthesia. (thefreedictionary.com)
- Male circumcision involves the excision of genital tissue from the human body, so the ethics of circumcision are sometimes controversial. (thefullwiki.org)
- Another reason may be that circumcision appears to reduce rates of genital ulcer disease, a condition that can increase the risk of getting or transmitting HIV. (thebody.com)
- Finally, I distinguish male circumcision from female genital cutting in several important respects and argue that we can coherently hold that male circumcision is permissible without also endorsing all forms of female genital cutting. (bmj.com)
- I'm mostly referring to what's going on now with female genital mutilation vs. current reasons for circumcision. (fark.com)
- If the baby was born in a birth center or if it was a home birth, circumcision can wait up to two weeks and can be performed either in your pediatricians office or with a Jewish Mohel. (americanpregnancy.org)
- This is wildly seen as a reaction to the fact that the Jewish Hospital Berlin has stopped offering religious circumcisions due to "legal uncertainties" after the Cologne ruling. (jonathanturley.org)
- Many people found the idea of a Jewish hospital not offering religious circumcisions disturbing. (jonathanturley.org)
- But those numbers did not include procedures performed outside of hospitals, including Jewish rituals that are usually performed in the home, or circumcisions that were not reimbursed by insurance. (go.com)
- Rabbi Andrew Baker, the director of international Jewish affairs at the American Jewish Committee, told a conference on countering anti-Semitism this year that it was important to fight for the protection of the "elemental" religious practice of circumcision on behalf of the handful of Jewish people in Iceland. (nbcnews.com)
- A Mohel performs a circumcision ceremony to an 8-day-old Jewish boy. (go.com)
- The modern Jewish community uses a sterile aspiration device to clean the wound in a circumcision. (go.com)
- Circumcision violates several Jewish laws and beliefs, including the law that the human body must no. (wddty.com)
- The ancient Greeks prized the foreskin and disapproved of the Jewish custom of circumcision. (wikipedia.org)
- According to the Historia Augusta , the Roman emperor Hadrian issued a decree banning circumcision in the empire, and some modern scholars argue that this was a main cause of the Jewish Bar Kokhba revolt of 132 CE. (wikipedia.org)
- However, he forbade the circumcision of non-Jews that were either foreign-slaves or non-Jewish members of the household, contrary to Genesis 17:12 He also made it illegal for a man to convert to Judaism. (wikipedia.org)
- However, David E. Fishman, professor of Jewish History at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America , states that, whereas the heder and yeshiva , the organs of Jewish education, "were banned by virtue of the law separating church and school, and subjected to tough police and administrative actions," circumcision was not proscribed by law or suppressed by executive measures. (wikipedia.org)
- Religious male circumcision, which is practiced under both Jewish and Islamic law, allows individuals to participate fully in their religion. (annfammed.org)
- The claim that the presence of the foreskin increases the risk of prostate cancer, and therefore that all men ought to be circumcised, was first made in the 1940s by a cranky American doctor called Abraham Ravich, who believed that the disease was less common among his Jewish patients than in others. (circinfo.org)
- The debate about the controversial circumcision ban has by now expanded beyond national territories, and while the Jewish population has certainly expressed their concerns, much less space has been given to the opinions of local Muslims. (grapevine.is)
- and if that was not a sufficient indication of the way the wind is blowing, it appears that a significant number of Jewish Americans are also abandoning circumcision in favour of peaceful naming ceremonies . (circinfo.org)
- According to Judaism, circumcision (known as 'bris or brit milah') is commanded in Genesis 17:10-14 as an outward sign of a man's participation in Israel's covenant with God, and a sign that the Jewish people will perpetuate through him. (huggies.co.nz)
- According to Jewish law, a circumcision is deemed invalid if it is not performed in this way, and those Jews who are not circumcised will suffer kareit, a punishment for sins in which the person loses his spiritual connection with his divine source. (huggies.co.nz)
- I tell parents that your son is still Jewish in the Reform tradition even if he's not circumcised," says Sara Imershein , MD, an ob-gyn who is also a mohelet, a person trained in Jewish laws who provides circumcisions in private ceremonies. (thebump.com)
- Traditionally, a mohel, a man trained in Jewish laws and circumcision, performs the rite. (thebump.com)
- Nowadays, for a multitude of different reasons, people definitely feel comfortable with doctors and other medical professionals performing these procedures," says Stephanie Langsam , MD, an ob-gyn and mohelet who performs circumcisions in hospitals and for Jewish ceremonies. (thebump.com)
- Family members and friends gather around 8-day-old Israeli baby Oz Naftaly Cohen after his traditional Jewish circumcision ceremony in 2005. (wyso.org)
- A review of the scientific literature found the health benefits of circumcision exceeded the risks by more than 100 to 1, said Brian J. Morris, lead author of the study and a professor emeritus of the School of Medical Sciences and Bosch Institute at the University of Sydney. (nbcnews.com)
- The AAP has found that the health benefits of circumcision are greater than the risks. (ahealthyme.com)
- In recent years there has been some evidence of possible health benefits of circumcision, and it is often these that are cited as reasons for parents choosing to circumcise their sons. (huggies.co.nz)
- 5 , 6 It is clear that there remains considerable controversy about the medical indications for circumcision, particularly when it is used as a preventive measure. (bmj.com)
- Some conditions are, however, recognised as medical indications for circumcision, the most recognised of which are phimosis and recurrent balanoposthistis. (huggies.co.nz)
- The government agency found that the incidence of circumcision declined from 56 percent in 2006 to 32.5 percent in 2009. (go.com)
- These figures correlate inversely with incidence of male circumcision in these groups. (hindawi.com)
- A further weakness of the study is that it did not control for race or age - important issues, as African American men have double the rate of prostate cancer compared with whites and an overall circumcision incidence of only only 43%, and because the likelihood of prostate cancer rises sharply with increasing age. (circinfo.org)
- 2 This formulation of the debate, "benefits versus risks" rather than "medical necessity," resulted in wide-ranging ramifications. (aappublications.org)
- Difficulties with this approach included the lack of a universally accepted metric to accurately measure or balance the risks and benefits. (aappublications.org)
- Work such as this, along with the subsequent avalanche of reports evaluating the risks and benefits, has helped to inform and animate the dialogue among physicians with a stake in the circumcision debate. (aappublications.org)
- Despite the possible benefits and risks, circumcision is neither essential nor detrimental to your son's health. (americanpregnancy.org)
- What are the benefits of a circumcision? (americanpregnancy.org)
- A version of this article appears in print on 04/08/2014, on page D 6 of the NewYork edition with the headline: Childhood: Benefits From Circumcision. (nytimes.com)
- If someone told me "Circumcision has benefits, but you still have to wear a condom," I'd ask them, "So then what's the whole point of getting circumcised? (q13fox.com)
- I?d be interested in hearing your views on the benefits of circumcision. (gruntdoc.com)
- The finding adds to the evidence that there are health benefits to circumcision. (health.com)
- Male circumcision: assessment of health benefits and risks. (bmj.com)
- While circumcision for health benefits has a rational basis, circumcision to demonstrate a commitment to an imaginary being is not rational. (jonathanturley.org)
- He even said that the scientific evidence is clear that the benefits outweigh the risks. (doctorvista.com)
- CDC officials recommend doctors to tell parents of baby boys of benefits and risks of circumcision. (doctorvista.com)
- Before you sign the consent form, understand the risks and benefits of what will be done to your child. (drugs.com)
- Parents should make their decision based on the benefits and risks, as well as their own religious, cultural, and personal preferences. (medlineplus.gov)
- Families should weigh the health benefits and risks in light of their own personal and cultural preferences. (medlineplus.gov)
- Those health benefits prompted the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's proposed recommendation that doctors counsel parents of baby boys and teenagers, as well as men, on the benefits and risks of circumcision . (kuow.org)
- Our role is to insure that physicians have the information that they can then use to counsel or inform patients about the risk and benefits. (kuow.org)
- And in proposed guidelines, they suggest doctors counsel soon-to-be parents about the benefits of circumcision. (kuow.org)
- Others choose circumcision for medical benefits. (thefreedictionary.com)
- It is important to learn about the benefits and risks of circumcision. (ahealthyme.com)
- Our aim is to problematise continued professional willingness to tolerate the non-therapeutic, non-consensual excision of healthy tissue, arguing that in this context both professional guidance and law are uncharacteristically tolerant of risks inflicted on young children, given the absence of clear medical benefits. (bmj.com)
- When circumcision is being considered, the benefits and risks should be explained to the parents and informed consent obtained. (aappublications.org)
- Simply put, circumcision has both some benefits and some risks, and even doctors can't agree that one option is clearly better than the other. (healthday.com)
- It also calls into question whether circumcision indirectly benefits uninfected female partners of HIV-infected men. (aidsmap.com)
- The risks, benefits, and safety of circumcision to the male partner were looked at, as was circumcision's impact on HIV transmission to the female partner. (aidsmap.com)
- i In addition to considerations regarding pain and the medical costs and benefits associated with circumcision, I consider two interests relevant to this analysis that have not received sufficient attention in the literature: the child's interest in avoiding a moderate decrease in future sexual pleasure and his interest in-as opposed to 'right to'-self-determination. (bmj.com)
- Circumcision has both risks and benefits. (alberta.ca)
- CEO Dirk Taljaard said new data suggests circumcision benefits women, too. (voanews.com)
- Wondering how to weigh the risks and benefits of circumcision? (thebump.com)
- But for those of us wavering as we weigh the pros and cons of circumcision, including the risks, benefits and current cultural worth, it helps to be informed. (thebump.com)
- The risks are small, the benefits are small, and the benefits are better than the risks-we think it's a cultural practice and parents choose to do it because they want to. (thebump.com)
- Circumcision is safe, it's not disfiguring and it does have substantial medical benefits. (thebump.com)
- They've got to really step back and look at the hard scientific evidence, and the scientific evidence is unequivocal in showing that male circumcision, especially performed in infancy, has enormous benefits," said Morris, whose co-authors include B.C.'s Dr. Neil Pollock, creator of the Pollock Technique™, which promises parents "virtually painless," 60-second circumcisions for $445, for babies aged two months and younger. (buenafeclinic.com)
- However, Morris, whose team conducted their own risk-benefit analysis, said the society's policy was based on weak studies that over-called the harms and under-estimated the benefits. (buenafeclinic.com)
- In particular, there are some medical benefits to male circumcision. (fark.com)
- You may (and probably do) disagree that those benefits outweigh the risks or potential detriment, but that's a private medical decision. (fark.com)
- Your doctor will explain the risks and benefits of the surgery. (webmd.com)
- A negative relationship was found between warts and lack of circumcision. (nih.gov)
- A series of subsequent studies failed to find any association between lack of circumcision and increased risk of prostate cancer, however, and in its 2010 policy statement on circumcision the Royal Australasian College of Physicians noted tersely: "This association [between lack of circumcision and prostate cancer] has not been consistent, and more recent reviews have failed to confirm it. (circinfo.org)
- Modest increase in the prevalence of circumcision was seen after 2 months with a compensation in the form of food vouchers worth approximately U.S. $9 or $15. (medindia.net)
- Among uncircumcised men in Kenya, compensation in the form of food vouchers worth approximately $9 or $15, compared with lesser or no compensation, resulted in a modest increase in the prevalence of circumcision after two months, according to a study published by JAMA. (infectioncontroltoday.com)
- Prevalence of circumcision by country (2015). (wikipedia.org)
- In 1967 all religion in Communist Albania was banned, along with the practice of circumcision. (wikipedia.org)
- It argues that, rather than a sweeping appeal to rights, a moral analysis of the practice of circumcision will require a careful examination of the interests of the child. (bmj.com)
- The practice of circumcision dates back to ancient Egypt. (webmd.com)
- The WHO Technical Advisory Group on Innovations in Male Circumcision (TAG) met in January 2012 to review the data on the use of a device as an alternative method to. (malecircumcision.org)
- The World Health Organization (WHO) Technical Advisory Group on Innovations in Male Circumcision (TAG) met from 30 September to 2 October 2014 to review new information on the. (malecircumcision.org)
- The World Health Organization (WHO) established a Technical Advisory Group (TAG) on Innovations in Male Circumcision in 2010 to advise WHO on the safety, acceptability, and public. (malecircumcision.org)
- The condition is called meatal stenosis and the risk of developing it is 16-26 times higher in circumcised than intact boys under the age of ten. (sciencenordic.com)
- The weakness of register-based studies is that you can sometimes find correlations without causality," says Rawashdeh, who adds that given such a highly increased risk of meatal stenosis, he would expect to see more than the three cases a year that he typically observes. (sciencenordic.com)
- Physicians are aware of the relationship between circumcision and narrowing of the urinary opening, says Thorup, but according to hospital records, meatal stenosis only affects 0.5 per cent of circumcised boys, whereas around 0.17 per cent of intact boys get the problem due to a skin disease known as BXO. (sciencenordic.com)
- On 22 December 2016, the Journal of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of Edinburgh and Ireland published online a large population-based study corroborating longstanding clinical knowledge that non-therapeutic circumcision puts boys at markedly elevated relative risk of USD (urethral stricture disease), including meatal stenosis (narrowing of the urinary outlet). (doctorsopposingcircumcision.org)
- The most common long-term complication seen after circumcision is meatal stenosis. (medscape.com)