Electron-accepting molecules in chemical reactions in which electrons are transferred from one molecule to another (OXIDATION-REDUCTION).
A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).
A strong oxidizing agent used in aqueous solution as a ripening agent, bleach, and topical anti-infective. It is relatively unstable and solutions deteriorate over time unless stabilized by the addition of acetanilide or similar organic materials.
A chemical reaction in which an electron is transferred from one molecule to another. The electron-donating molecule is the reducing agent or reductant; the electron-accepting molecule is the oxidizing agent or oxidant. Reducing and oxidizing agents function as conjugate reductant-oxidant pairs or redox pairs (Lehninger, Principles of Biochemistry, 1982, p471).
An oxyacid of chlorine (HClO) containing monovalent chlorine that acts as an oxidizing or reducing agent.
Naturally occurring or synthetic substances that inhibit or retard the oxidation of a substance to which it is added. They counteract the harmful and damaging effects of oxidation in animal tissues.
Compounds that accept electrons in an oxidation-reduction reaction. The reaction is induced by or accelerated by exposure to electromagnetic radiation in the spectrum of visible or ultraviolet light.
Molecules or ions formed by the incomplete one-electron reduction of oxygen. These reactive oxygen intermediates include SINGLET OXYGEN; SUPEROXIDES; PEROXIDES; HYDROXYL RADICAL; and HYPOCHLOROUS ACID. They contribute to the microbicidal activity of PHAGOCYTES, regulation of signal transduction and gene expression, and the oxidative damage to NUCLEIC ACIDS; PROTEINS; and LIPIDS.
A tripeptide with many roles in cells. It conjugates to drugs to make them more soluble for excretion, is a cofactor for some enzymes, is involved in protein disulfide bond rearrangement and reduces peroxides.
A direct-acting oxidative stress-inducing agent used to examine the effects of oxidant stress on Ca(2+)-dependent signal transduction in vascular endothelial cells. It is also used as a catalyst in polymerization reactions and to introduce peroxy groups into organic molecules.
A sulfhydryl reagent which oxidizes sulfhydryl groups to the disulfide form. It is a radiation-sensitizing agent of anoxic bacterial and mammalian cells.
An oxidoreductase that catalyzes the reaction between superoxide anions and hydrogen to yield molecular oxygen and hydrogen peroxide. The enzyme protects the cell against dangerous levels of superoxide. EC 1.15.1.1.
An oxidoreductase that catalyzes the conversion of HYDROGEN PEROXIDE to water and oxygen. It is present in many animal cells. A deficiency of this enzyme results in ACATALASIA.
Highly reactive molecules with an unsatisfied electron valence pair. Free radicals are produced in both normal and pathological processes. They are proven or suspected agents of tissue damage in a wide variety of circumstances including radiation, damage from environment chemicals, and aging. Natural and pharmacological prevention of free radical damage is being actively investigated.
A hemeprotein from leukocytes. Deficiency of this enzyme leads to a hereditary disorder coupled with disseminated moniliasis. It catalyzes the conversion of a donor and peroxide to an oxidized donor and water. EC 1.11.1.7.
Highly reactive compounds produced when oxygen is reduced by a single electron. In biological systems, they may be generated during the normal catalytic function of a number of enzymes and during the oxidation of hemoglobin to METHEMOGLOBIN. In living organisms, SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE protects the cell from the deleterious effects of superoxides.
Peroxidase catalyzed oxidation of lipids using hydrogen peroxide as an electron acceptor.
A GLUTATHIONE dimer formed by a disulfide bond between the cysteine sulfhydryl side chains during the course of being oxidized.
A potent oxidant synthesized by the cell during its normal metabolism. Peroxynitrite is formed from the reaction of two free radicals, NITRIC OXIDE and the superoxide anion (SUPEROXIDES).
Isoprostanes derived from the free radical oxidation of ARACHIDONIC ACID. Although similar in structure to enzymatically synthesized prostaglandin F2alpha (DINOPROST), they occur through non-enzymatic oxidation of cell membrane lipids.
Inorganic or organic salts and esters of nitric acid. These compounds contain the NO3- radical.
Compounds containing the -SH radical.
The unstable triatomic form of oxygen, O3. It is a powerful oxidant that is produced for various chemical and industrial uses. Its production is also catalyzed in the ATMOSPHERE by ULTRAVIOLET RAY irradiation of oxygen or other ozone precursors such as VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS and NITROGEN OXIDES. About 90% of the ozone in the atmosphere exists in the stratosphere (STRATOSPHERIC OZONE).
A group of compounds that contain a bivalent O-O group, i.e., the oxygen atoms are univalent. They can either be inorganic or organic in nature. Such compounds release atomic (nascent) oxygen readily. Thus they are strong oxidizing agents and fire hazards when in contact with combustible materials, especially under high-temperature conditions. The chief industrial uses of peroxides are as oxidizing agents, bleaching agents, and initiators of polymerization. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
Substances that influence the course of a chemical reaction by ready combination with free radicals. Among other effects, this combining activity protects pancreatic islets against damage by cytokines and prevents myocardial and pulmonary perfusion injuries.
A six carbon compound related to glucose. It is found naturally in citrus fruits and many vegetables. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient in human diets, and necessary to maintain connective tissue and bone. Its biologically active form, vitamin C, functions as a reducing agent and coenzyme in several metabolic pathways. Vitamin C is considered an antioxidant.
An iron-molybdenum flavoprotein containing FLAVIN-ADENINE DINUCLEOTIDE that oxidizes hypoxanthine, some other purines and pterins, and aldehydes. Deficiency of the enzyme, an autosomal recessive trait, causes xanthinuria.
Cells propagated in vitro in special media conducive to their growth. Cultured cells are used to study developmental, morphologic, metabolic, physiologic, and genetic processes, among others.
An element with atomic symbol O, atomic number 8, and atomic weight [15.99903; 15.99977]. It is the most abundant element on earth and essential for respiration.
A flavoprotein enzyme that catalyzes the univalent reduction of OXYGEN using NADPH as an electron donor to create SUPEROXIDE ANION. The enzyme is dependent on a variety of CYTOCHROMES. Defects in the production of superoxide ions by enzymes such as NADPH oxidase result in GRANULOMATOUS DISEASE, CHRONIC.
Granular leukocytes having a nucleus with three to five lobes connected by slender threads of chromatin, and cytoplasm containing fine inconspicuous granules and stainable by neutral dyes.
A synthetic naphthoquinone without the isoprenoid side chain and biological activity, but can be converted to active vitamin K2, menaquinone, after alkylation in vivo.
A series of prostaglandin-like compounds that are produced by the attack of free-radical species on unsaturated fatty acids, especially ARACHIDONIC ACID, of cellular MEMBRANES. Once cleaved from the lipid membrane by the action of phospholipases they can circulate into various bodily fluids and eventually be excreted. Although these compounds resemble enzymatically synthesized prostaglandins their stereoisometric arrangement is usually different than the "naturally occurring" compounds.
The dialdehyde of malonic acid.
Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.
The N-acetyl derivative of CYSTEINE. It is used as a mucolytic agent to reduce the viscosity of mucous secretions. It has also been shown to have antiviral effects in patients with HIV due to inhibition of viral stimulation by reactive oxygen intermediates.
A purine base found in most body tissues and fluids, certain plants, and some urinary calculi. It is an intermediate in the degradation of adenosine monophosphate to uric acid, being formed by oxidation of hypoxanthine. The methylated xanthine compounds caffeine, theobromine, and theophylline and their derivatives are used in medicine for their bronchodilator effects. (Dorland, 28th ed)
The univalent radical OH. Hydroxyl radical is a potent oxidizing agent.
A free radical gas produced endogenously by a variety of mammalian cells, synthesized from ARGININE by NITRIC OXIDE SYNTHASE. Nitric oxide is one of the ENDOTHELIUM-DEPENDENT RELAXING FACTORS released by the vascular endothelium and mediates VASODILATION. It also inhibits platelet aggregation, induces disaggregation of aggregated platelets, and inhibits platelet adhesion to the vascular endothelium. Nitric oxide activates cytosolic GUANYLATE CYCLASE and thus elevates intracellular levels of CYCLIC GMP.
An enzyme catalyzing the oxidation of 2 moles of glutathione in the presence of hydrogen peroxide to yield oxidized glutathione and water. EC 1.11.1.9.
Materials that add an electron to an element or compound, that is, decrease the positiveness of its valence. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 5th ed)
Inorganic compounds that contain the OH- group.
Either of the pair of organs occupying the cavity of the thorax that effect the aeration of the blood.
Semiautonomous, self-reproducing organelles that occur in the cytoplasm of all cells of most, but not all, eukaryotes. Each mitochondrion is surrounded by a double limiting membrane. The inner membrane is highly invaginated, and its projections are called cristae. Mitochondria are the sites of the reactions of oxidative phosphorylation, which result in the formation of ATP. They contain distinctive RIBOSOMES, transfer RNAs (RNA, TRANSFER); AMINO ACYL T RNA SYNTHETASES; and elongation and termination factors. Mitochondria depend upon genes within the nucleus of the cells in which they reside for many essential messenger RNAs (RNA, MESSENGER). Mitochondria are believed to have arisen from aerobic bacteria that established a symbiotic relationship with primitive protoeukaryotes. (King & Stansfield, A Dictionary of Genetics, 4th ed)
Peroxides produced in the presence of a free radical by the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids in the cell in the presence of molecular oxygen. The formation of lipid peroxides results in the destruction of the original lipid leading to the loss of integrity of the membranes. They therefore cause a variety of toxic effects in vivo and their formation is considered a pathological process in biological systems. Their formation can be inhibited by antioxidants, such as vitamin E, structural separation or low oxygen tension.
An enzyme of the oxidoreductase class that catalyzes the conversion of beta-D-glucose and oxygen to D-glucono-1,5-lactone and peroxide. It is a flavoprotein, highly specific for beta-D-glucose. The enzyme is produced by Penicillium notatum and other fungi and has antibacterial activity in the presence of glucose and oxygen. It is used to estimate glucose concentration in blood or urine samples through the formation of colored dyes by the hydrogen peroxide produced in the reaction. (From Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992) EC 1.1.3.4.
The order of amino acids as they occur in a polypeptide chain. This is referred to as the primary structure of proteins. It is of fundamental importance in determining PROTEIN CONFORMATION.
The sequence of PURINES and PYRIMIDINES in nucleic acids and polynucleotides. It is also called nucleotide sequence.
The rate dynamics in chemical or physical systems.
Low-molecular-weight end products, probably malondialdehyde, that are formed during the decomposition of lipid peroxidation products. These compounds react with thiobarbituric acid to form a fluorescent red adduct.
A generic descriptor for all TOCOPHEROLS and TOCOTRIENOLS that exhibit ALPHA-TOCOPHEROL activity. By virtue of the phenolic hydrogen on the 2H-1-benzopyran-6-ol nucleus, these compounds exhibit varying degree of antioxidant activity, depending on the site and number of methyl groups and the type of ISOPRENOIDS.
Established cell cultures that have the potential to propagate indefinitely.
A thiol-containing non-essential amino acid that is oxidized to form CYSTINE.
Heterocyclic compounds in which an oxygen is attached to a cyclic nitrogen.
Negative ions or salts derived from bromic acid, HBrO3.
Nitrogenous products of NITRIC OXIDE synthases, ranging from NITRIC OXIDE to NITRATES. These reactive nitrogen intermediates also include the inorganic PEROXYNITROUS ACID and the organic S-NITROSOTHIOLS.
Single pavement layer of cells which line the luminal surface of the entire vascular system and regulate the transport of macromolecules and blood components.
Non-collagenous, calcium-binding glycoprotein of developing bone. It links collagen to mineral in the bone matrix. In the synonym SPARC glycoprotein, the acronym stands for Secreted Protein, Acidic and Rich in Cysteine.
A xanthine oxidase inhibitor.
A metallic element with atomic symbol Fe, atomic number 26, and atomic weight 55.85. It is an essential constituent of HEMOGLOBINS; CYTOCHROMES; and IRON-BINDING PROTEINS. It plays a role in cellular redox reactions and in the transport of OXYGEN.
RNA sequences that serve as templates for protein synthesis. Bacterial mRNAs are generally primary transcripts in that they do not require post-transcriptional processing. Eukaryotic mRNA is synthesized in the nucleus and must be exported to the cytoplasm for translation. Most eukaryotic mRNAs have a sequence of polyadenylic acid at the 3' end, referred to as the poly(A) tail. The function of this tail is not known for certain, but it may play a role in the export of mature mRNA from the nucleus as well as in helping stabilize some mRNA molecules by retarding their degradation in the cytoplasm.
The intracellular transfer of information (biological activation/inhibition) through a signal pathway. In each signal transduction system, an activation/inhibition signal from a biologically active molecule (hormone, neurotransmitter) is mediated via the coupling of a receptor/enzyme to a second messenger system or to an ion channel. Signal transduction plays an important role in activating cellular functions, cell differentiation, and cell proliferation. Examples of signal transduction systems are the GAMMA-AMINOBUTYRIC ACID-postsynaptic receptor-calcium ion channel system, the receptor-mediated T-cell activation pathway, and the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases. Those coupled to membrane depolarization or intracellular release of calcium include the receptor-mediated activation of cytotoxic functions in granulocytes and the synaptic potentiation of protein kinase activation. Some signal transduction pathways may be part of larger signal transduction pathways; for example, protein kinase activation is part of the platelet activation signal pathway.
Porphyrins which are combined with a metal ion. The metal is bound equally to all four nitrogen atoms of the pyrrole rings. They possess characteristic absorption spectra which can be utilized for identification or quantitative estimation of porphyrins and porphyrin-bound compounds.
A poisonous dipyridilium compound used as contact herbicide. Contact with concentrated solutions causes irritation of the skin, cracking and shedding of the nails, and delayed healing of cuts and wounds.
Elements of limited time intervals, contributing to particular results or situations.
Salts of nitrous acid or compounds containing the group NO2-. The inorganic nitrites of the type MNO2 (where M=metal) are all insoluble, except the alkali nitrites. The organic nitrites may be isomeric, but not identical with the corresponding nitro compounds. (Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Organic compounds containing a carbonyl group in the form -CHO.
A non-essential amino acid. In animals it is synthesized from PHENYLALANINE. It is also the precursor of EPINEPHRINE; THYROID HORMONES; and melanin.
Compounds or agents that combine with an enzyme in such a manner as to prevent the normal substrate-enzyme combination and the catalytic reaction.
Inorganic or organic compounds that contain divalent iron.
Conversion of an inactive form of an enzyme to one possessing metabolic activity. It includes 1, activation by ions (activators); 2, activation by cofactors (coenzymes); and 3, conversion of an enzyme precursor (proenzyme or zymogen) to an active enzyme.
The span of viability of a cell characterized by the capacity to perform certain functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, some form of responsiveness, and adaptability.
A strain of albino rat used widely for experimental purposes because of its calmness and ease of handling. It was developed by the Sprague-Dawley Animal Company.
The facilitation of a chemical reaction by material (catalyst) that is not consumed by the reaction.
A reagent commonly used in biochemical studies as a protective agent to prevent the oxidation of SH (thiol) groups and for reducing disulphides to dithiols.
Cells that can carry out the process of PHAGOCYTOSIS.
Inorganic salts of the hypothetical acid, H3Fe(CN)6.
A greenish-yellow, diatomic gas that is a member of the halogen family of elements. It has the atomic symbol Cl, atomic number 17, and atomic weight 70.906. It is a powerful irritant that can cause fatal pulmonary edema. Chlorine is used in manufacturing, as a reagent in synthetic chemistry, for water purification, and in the production of chlorinated lime, which is used in fabric bleaching.
A 66-kDa peroxidase found in EOSINOPHIL granules. Eosinophil peroxidase is a cationic protein with a pI of 10.8 and is comprised of a heavy chain subunit and a light chain subunit. It possesses cytotoxic activity towards BACTERIA and other organisms, which is attributed to its peroxidase activity.
Chemical groups containing the covalent disulfide bonds -S-S-. The sulfur atoms can be bound to inorganic or organic moieties.
The termination of the cell's ability to carry out vital functions such as metabolism, growth, reproduction, responsiveness, and adaptability.
The relationship between the dose of an administered drug and the response of the organism to the drug.
A basic-leucine zipper transcription factor that was originally described as a transcriptional regulator controlling expression of the BETA-GLOBIN gene. It may regulate the expression of a wide variety of genes that play a role in protecting cells from oxidative damage.
A family of ubiquitously-expressed peroxidases that play a role in the reduction of a broad spectrum of PEROXIDES like HYDROGEN PEROXIDE; LIPID PEROXIDES and peroxinitrite. They are found in a wide range of organisms, such as BACTERIA; PLANTS; and MAMMALS. The enzyme requires the presence of a thiol-containing intermediate such as THIOREDOXIN as a reducing cofactor.
Hydrogen-donating proteins that participates in a variety of biochemical reactions including ribonucleotide reduction and reduction of PEROXIREDOXINS. Thioredoxin is oxidized from a dithiol to a disulfide when acting as a reducing cofactor. The disulfide form is then reduced by NADPH in a reaction catalyzed by THIOREDOXIN REDUCTASE.
A chemical element having an atomic weight of 106.4, atomic number of 46, and the symbol Pd. It is a white, ductile metal resembling platinum, and following it in abundance and importance of applications. It is used in dentistry in the form of gold, silver, and copper alloys.
Nitrogen oxide (NO2). A highly poisonous gas. Exposure produces inflammation of lungs that may only cause slight pain or pass unnoticed, but resulting edema several days later may cause death. (From Merck, 11th ed) It is a major atmospheric pollutant that is able to absorb UV light that does not reach the earth's surface.
A large increase in oxygen uptake by neutrophils and most types of tissue macrophages through activation of an NADPH-cytochrome b-dependent oxidase that reduces oxygen to a superoxide. Individuals with an inherited defect in which the oxidase that reduces oxygen to superoxide is decreased or absent (GRANULOMATOUS DISEASE, CHRONIC) often die as a result of recurrent bacterial infections.
One of the mechanisms by which CELL DEATH occurs (compare with NECROSIS and AUTOPHAGOCYTOSIS). Apoptosis is the mechanism responsible for the physiological deletion of cells and appears to be intrinsically programmed. It is characterized by distinctive morphologic changes in the nucleus and cytoplasm, chromatin cleavage at regularly spaced sites, and the endonucleolytic cleavage of genomic DNA; (DNA FRAGMENTATION); at internucleosomal sites. This mode of cell death serves as a balance to mitosis in regulating the size of animal tissues and in mediating pathologic processes associated with tumor growth.
Natural product isolated from Streptomyces pilosus. It forms iron complexes and is used as a chelating agent, particularly in the mesylate form.
An abnormal increase in the amount of oxygen in the tissues and organs.
A naturally occurring prostaglandin that has oxytocic, luteolytic, and abortifacient activities. Due to its vasocontractile properties, the compound has a variety of other biological actions.
A technique applicable to the wide variety of substances which exhibit paramagnetism because of the magnetic moments of unpaired electrons. The spectra are useful for detection and identification, for determination of electron structure, for study of interactions between molecules, and for measurement of nuclear spins and moments. (From McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology, 7th edition) Electron nuclear double resonance (ENDOR) spectroscopy is a variant of the technique which can give enhanced resolution. Electron spin resonance analysis can now be used in vivo, including imaging applications such as MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING.
Red blood cells. Mature erythrocytes are non-nucleated, biconcave disks containing HEMOGLOBIN whose function is to transport OXYGEN.
Inorganic oxides that contain nitrogen.
A strain of albino rat developed at the Wistar Institute that has spread widely at other institutions. This has markedly diluted the original strain.
Organic derivatives of thiocyanic acid which contain the general formula R-SCN.
A lipid cofactor that is required for normal blood clotting. Several forms of vitamin K have been identified: VITAMIN K 1 (phytomenadione) derived from plants, VITAMIN K 2 (menaquinone) from bacteria, and synthetic naphthoquinone provitamins, VITAMIN K 3 (menadione). Vitamin K 3 provitamins, after being alkylated in vivo, exhibit the antifibrinolytic activity of vitamin K. Green leafy vegetables, liver, cheese, butter, and egg yolk are good sources of vitamin K.
A conditionally essential nutrient, important during mammalian development. It is present in milk but is isolated mostly from ox bile and strongly conjugates bile acids.
Theoretical representations that simulate the behavior or activity of biological processes or diseases. For disease models in living animals, DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL is available. Biological models include the use of mathematical equations, computers, and other electronic equipment.
Domesticated bovine animals of the genus Bos, usually kept on a farm or ranch and used for the production of meat or dairy products or for heavy labor.
Oxy acids of sulfur with the general formula RSOH, where R is an alkyl or aryl group such as CH3. They are often encountered as esters and halides. (From McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
Any substance in the air which could, if present in high enough concentration, harm humans, animals, vegetation or material. Substances include GASES; PARTICULATE MATTER; and volatile ORGANIC CHEMICALS.
Diazo derivatives of aniline, used as a reagent for sugars, ketones, and aldehydes. (Dorland, 28th ed)
Strains of mice in which certain GENES of their GENOMES have been disrupted, or "knocked-out". To produce knockouts, using RECOMBINANT DNA technology, the normal DNA sequence of the gene being studied is altered to prevent synthesis of a normal gene product. Cloned cells in which this DNA alteration is successful are then injected into mouse EMBRYOS to produce chimeric mice. The chimeric mice are then bred to yield a strain in which all the cells of the mouse contain the disrupted gene. Knockout mice are used as EXPERIMENTAL ANIMAL MODELS for diseases (DISEASE MODELS, ANIMAL) and to clarify the functions of the genes.
The class of all enzymes catalyzing oxidoreduction reactions. The substrate that is oxidized is regarded as a hydrogen donor. The systematic name is based on donor:acceptor oxidoreductase. The recommended name will be dehydrogenase, wherever this is possible; as an alternative, reductase can be used. Oxidase is only used in cases where O2 is the acceptor. (Enzyme Nomenclature, 1992, p9)
Identification of proteins or peptides that have been electrophoretically separated by blot transferring from the electrophoresis gel to strips of nitrocellulose paper, followed by labeling with antibody probes.
Injuries to DNA that introduce deviations from its normal, intact structure and which may, if left unrepaired, result in a MUTATION or a block of DNA REPLICATION. These deviations may be caused by physical or chemical agents and occur by natural or unnatural, introduced circumstances. They include the introduction of illegitimate bases during replication or by deamination or other modification of bases; the loss of a base from the DNA backbone leaving an abasic site; single-strand breaks; double strand breaks; and intrastrand (PYRIMIDINE DIMERS) or interstrand crosslinking. Damage can often be repaired (DNA REPAIR). If the damage is extensive, it can induce APOPTOSIS.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria (GRAM-NEGATIVE FACULTATIVELY ANAEROBIC RODS) commonly found in the lower part of the intestine of warm-blooded animals. It is usually nonpathogenic, but some strains are known to produce DIARRHEA and pyogenic infections. Pathogenic strains (virotypes) are classified by their specific pathogenic mechanisms such as toxins (ENTEROTOXIGENIC ESCHERICHIA COLI), etc.
A morpholinyl sydnone imine ethyl ester, having a nitrogen in place of the keto oxygen. It acts as NITRIC OXIDE DONORS and is a vasodilator that has been used in ANGINA PECTORIS.
Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.
A halogen with the atomic symbol Br, atomic number 36, and atomic weight 79.904. It is a volatile reddish-brown liquid that gives off suffocating vapors, is corrosive to the skin, and may cause severe gastroenteritis if ingested.
A ubiquitous stress-responsive enzyme that catalyzes the oxidative cleavage of HEME to yield IRON; CARBON MONOXIDE; and BILIVERDIN.
Liquid chromatographic techniques which feature high inlet pressures, high sensitivity, and high speed.
A deoxyribonucleotide polymer that is the primary genetic material of all cells. Eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms normally contain DNA in a double-stranded state, yet several important biological processes transiently involve single-stranded regions. DNA, which consists of a polysugar-phosphate backbone possessing projections of purines (adenine and guanine) and pyrimidines (thymine and cytosine), forms a double helix that is held together by hydrogen bonds between these purines and pyrimidines (adenine to thymine and guanine to cytosine).
A pathological process characterized by injury or destruction of tissues caused by a variety of cytologic and chemical reactions. It is usually manifested by typical signs of pain, heat, redness, swelling, and loss of function.
A disease-producing enzyme deficiency subject to many variants, some of which cause a deficiency of GLUCOSE-6-PHOSPHATE DEHYDROGENASE activity in erythrocytes, leading to hemolytic anemia.
An NADPH-dependent enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-ARGININE and OXYGEN to produce CITRULLINE and NITRIC OXIDE.
Abnormal intracellular inclusions, composed of denatured hemoglobin, found on the membrane of red blood cells. They are seen in thalassemias, enzymopathies, hemoglobinopathies, and after splenectomy.
The species Oryctolagus cuniculus, in the family Leporidae, order LAGOMORPHA. Rabbits are born in burrows, furless, and with eyes and ears closed. In contrast with HARES, rabbits have 22 chromosome pairs.
A large lobed glandular organ in the abdomen of vertebrates that is responsible for detoxification, metabolism, synthesis and storage of various substances.
A mixed function oxidase enzyme which during hemoglobin catabolism catalyzes the degradation of heme to ferrous iron, carbon monoxide and biliverdin in the presence of molecular oxygen and reduced NADPH. The enzyme is induced by metals, particularly cobalt. EC 1.14.99.3.
Cells that line the inner and outer surfaces of the body by forming cellular layers (EPITHELIUM) or masses. Epithelial cells lining the SKIN; the MOUTH; the NOSE; and the ANAL CANAL derive from ectoderm; those lining the RESPIRATORY SYSTEM and the DIGESTIVE SYSTEM derive from endoderm; others (CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM and LYMPHATIC SYSTEM) derive from mesoderm. Epithelial cells can be classified mainly by cell shape and function into squamous, glandular and transitional epithelial cells.
A synthetic amino acid that depletes glutathione by irreversibly inhibiting gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase. Inhibition of this enzyme is a critical step in glutathione biosynthesis. It has been shown to inhibit the proliferative response in human T-lymphocytes and inhibit macrophage activation. (J Biol Chem 1995;270(33):1945-7)
Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control (induction or repression) of gene action at the level of transcription or translation.
Products derived from the nonenzymatic reaction of GLUCOSE and PROTEINS in vivo that exhibit a yellow-brown pigmentation and an ability to participate in protein-protein cross-linking. These substances are involved in biological processes relating to protein turnover and it is believed that their excessive accumulation contributes to the chronic complications of DIABETES MELLITUS.
One of the enzymes active in the gamma-glutamyl cycle. It catalyzes the synthesis of gamma-glutamylcysteine from glutamate and cysteine in the presence of ATP with the formation of ADP and orthophosphate. EC 6.3.2.2.
The introduction of a phosphoryl group into a compound through the formation of an ester bond between the compound and a phosphorus moiety.
Organic and inorganic compounds that contain iron as an integral part of the molecule.
Regular course of eating and drinking adopted by a person or animal.
Naturally occurring or experimentally induced animal diseases with pathological processes sufficiently similar to those of human diseases. They are used as study models for human diseases.
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate. A coenzyme composed of ribosylnicotinamide 5'-phosphate (NMN) coupled by pyrophosphate linkage to the 5'-phosphate adenosine 2',5'-bisphosphate. It serves as an electron carrier in a number of reactions, being alternately oxidized (NADP+) and reduced (NADPH). (Dorland, 27th ed)
It is used as an oxidizing and bleaching agent and as a disinfectant. (From Grant & Hackh's Chemical Dictionary, 5th ed)
Inorganic or organic compounds containing trivalent iron.
Proteins found in any species of bacterium.
Techniques used for determining the values of photometric parameters of light resulting from LUMINESCENCE.
Catalyzes the oxidation of GLUTATHIONE to GLUTATHIONE DISULFIDE in the presence of NADP+. Deficiency in the enzyme is associated with HEMOLYTIC ANEMIA. Formerly listed as EC 1.6.4.2.
A nucleoside consisting of the base guanine and the sugar deoxyribose.
Linear POLYPEPTIDES that are synthesized on RIBOSOMES and may be further modified, crosslinked, cleaved, or assembled into complex proteins with several subunits. The specific sequence of AMINO ACIDS determines the shape the polypeptide will take, during PROTEIN FOLDING, and the function of the protein.
A tetrameric enzyme that, along with the coenzyme NAD+, catalyzes the interconversion of LACTATE and PYRUVATE. In vertebrates, genes for three different subunits (LDH-A, LDH-B and LDH-C) exist.
The location of the atoms, groups or ions relative to one another in a molecule, as well as the number, type and location of covalent bonds.
The process in which substances, either endogenous or exogenous, bind to proteins, peptides, enzymes, protein precursors, or allied compounds. Specific protein-binding measures are often used as assays in diagnostic assessments.
A fungistatic compound that is widely used as a food preservative. It is conjugated to GLYCINE in the liver and excreted as hippuric acid.
Oils derived from plants or plant products.
A basic element found in nearly all organized tissues. It is a member of the alkaline earth family of metals with the atomic symbol Ca, atomic number 20, and atomic weight 40. Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and combines with phosphorus to form calcium phosphate in the bones and teeth. It is essential for the normal functioning of nerves and muscles and plays a role in blood coagulation (as factor IV) and in many enzymatic processes.
Concentrated pharmaceutical preparations of plants obtained by removing active constituents with a suitable solvent, which is evaporated away, and adjusting the residue to a prescribed standard.
The process in which the neutrophil is stimulated by diverse substances, resulting in degranulation and/or generation of reactive oxygen products, and culminating in the destruction of invading pathogens. The stimulatory substances, including opsonized particles, immune complexes, and chemotactic factors, bind to specific cell-surface receptors on the neutrophil.
A non-selective post-emergence, translocated herbicide. According to the Seventh Annual Report on Carcinogens (PB95-109781, 1994) this substance may reasonably be anticipated to be a carcinogen. (From Merck Index, 12th ed) It is an irreversible inhibitor of CATALASE, and thus impairs activity of peroxisomes.
The normality of a solution with respect to HYDROGEN ions; H+. It is related to acidity measurements in most cases by pH = log 1/2[1/(H+)], where (H+) is the hydrogen ion concentration in gram equivalents per liter of solution. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed)
Molecules which contain an atom or a group of atoms exhibiting an unpaired electron spin that can be detected by electron spin resonance spectroscopy and can be bonded to another molecule. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Chemical and Technical Terms, 4th ed)
A family of spiro(isobenzofuran-1(3H),9'-(9H)xanthen)-3-one derivatives. These are used as dyes, as indicators for various metals, and as fluorescent labels in immunoassays.
A contact herbicide used also to produce desiccation and defoliation. (From Merck Index, 11th ed)
The process by which chemical compounds provide protection to cells against harmful agents.
The insertion of recombinant DNA molecules from prokaryotic and/or eukaryotic sources into a replicating vehicle, such as a plasmid or virus vector, and the introduction of the resultant hybrid molecules into recipient cells without altering the viability of those cells.
FATTY ACIDS in which the carbon chain contains one or more double or triple carbon-carbon bonds.
A family of thioltransferases that contain two active site CYSTEINE residues, which either form a disulfide (oxidized form) or a dithiol (reduced form). They function as an electron carrier in the GLUTHIONE-dependent synthesis of deoxyribonucleotides by RIBONUCLEOTIDE REDUCTASES and may play a role in the deglutathionylation of protein thiols. The oxidized forms of glutaredoxins are directly reduced by the GLUTATHIONE.
It also contains dry fruits rich in anti-oxidants. The meat and dry fruits make it a high protein food. A new low-cholesterol ... variety by using emu meat, rich in minerals, phosphorus and vitamins, was introduced in 2013. The Greater Hyderabad Municipal ...
Sautin, Yuri; Johnson, Richard (2008). «Uric Acid: The Oxidant-Antioxidant Paradox». Nucleosides, Nucleotides and Nucleic Acids ... Carr A, Frei B (1999). «Does vitamin C act as a pro-oxidant under physiological conditions?». FASEB J. 13 (9): 1007-24. PMID ... Warner D, Sheng H, Batinić-Haberle I (2004). «Oxidants, antioxidants and the ischemic brain». J Exp Biol. 207 (Pt 18): 3221-31 ... Sies, Helmut (1997). «Oxidative stress: Oxidants and antioxidants». Experimental physiology. 82 (2): 291-5. PMID 9129943. ...
It stays relatively hot rich of stoichiometry because it contains its own oxidant. However, continual running of an engine on ... Since each molecule of nitromethane contains two atoms of oxygen, it can burn much hotter because it provides its own oxidant ... Rich of stoichiometry there are not enough variables because combustion cannot go to completion with at least CO and H 2 needed ...
... with shallows rich in oxidants and depths poor in oxidants; and, the ancient lake provided many different types of microbe- ... Clarkson, Chris; Jacobs, Zenobia; Marwick, Ben; Fullagar, Richard; Wallis, Lynley; Smith, Mike; Roberts, Richard G.; Hayes, ... 4 October The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded to Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson for "developing cryo ... Bayliss, Daniel; Gillen, Edward; Eigmuller, Philipp; McCormac, James; Alexander, Richard D; Armstrong, David J; Booth, Rachel S ...
... with shallows rich in oxidants and depths poor in oxidants; and, the ancient lake provided many different types of microbe- ... Chang, Kenneth (June 7, 2013). "Martian Rock Another Clue to a Once Water-Rich Planet". New York Times. Retrieved June 7, 2013 ... Halvorson, Todd (August 9, 2012). "Quad 51: Name of Mars base evokes rich parallels on Earth". USA Today. Retrieved August 12, ...
... with shallows rich in oxidants and depths poor in oxidants; and, the ancient lake provided many different types of microbe- ... including a ridge rich in the mineral hematite and a region of clay-rich bedrock. "Egg Rock" Meteorite (October 27, 2016) On ... After further analysis, the silica-rich rocks on Mars were found to be tridymite, a mineral that is not commonly found on Earth ... It is an igneous rock and may be a mugearite, a sodium rich oligoclase-bearing basaltic trachyandesite. Afterwards, on ...
... with shallows rich in oxidants and depths poor in oxidants; and, the ancient lake provided many different types of microbe- ... Halvorson, Todd (August 9, 2012). "Quad 51: Name of Mars base evokes rich parallels on Earth". USA Today. Retrieved August 12, ...
Due to the electron-rich nature of indole, it is easily oxidized. Simple oxidants such as N-bromosuccinimide will selectively ... In contrast with other antioxidants, IPA was not converted to reactive intermediates with pro-oxidant activity. Ramesh, Deepthi ... in serum/plasma are associated with reduced likelihood of type 2 diabetes and with higher levels of consumption of fiber-rich ...
Dioxiranes are electrophilic oxidants that react more quickly with electron-rich than electron-poor double bonds; however, both ... and sulfonyl-substituted oxaziridines are effective for electron-rich double bonds. Metal-based oxidants are often more ... Some methods are well-suited to the oxidation of electron-rich or electron-poor double bonds, but few are as effective for both ... Epoxidations of electron-rich double bonds have yielded intermediates of Rubottom oxidation. Upon hydrolysis, these ...
... is a rich source of iron, vitamins, folic acid and anti-oxidants essential for human nutrition. Gongura pacchadi is ...
They act as catalysts for base- and oxidant-free oxidation of alcohols and amines. Some complexes have also been shown to ... Other MIC complexes have been used in hydroarylation, involving the addition of an electron-rich aryl group and a hydrogen ...
On Mars, surface oxidants and UV radiation will have altered or destroyed organic molecules at or near the surface. One issue ... ISBN 0-7137-2747-0. Klein HP, Horowitz NH, Levin GV, Oyama VI, Lederberg J, Rich A, et al. (October 1976). "The viking ... At the same time, strong oxidants in Martian soil along with exposure to ionizing radiation might alter or destroy molecular ... which may protect organic matter from the destructive effects of ionizing radiation and strong oxidants. The search for Martian ...
Dawkins, Richard (2004). The Ancestor's Tale: A Pilgrimage to the Dawn of Life. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company. ISBN 978-0- ... Animals are exposed to the same oxidants, and they have evolved endogenous enzymatic antioxidant systems. Iodine in the form of ... Dawkins, Richard (1989). The Selfish Gene (New ed.). Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-286092-7. LCCN ... Michod, Richard E.; Bernstein, Harris; Nedelcu, Aurora M. (May 2008). "Adaptive value of sex in microbial pathogens" (PDF). ...
Unlike mammalian milk, which is an emulsion, pigeon crop milk consists of a suspension of protein-rich and fat-rich cells that ... It has also been shown to contain anti-oxidants and immune-enhancing factors. Like mammalian milk, crop milk contains IgA ...
As of April 2013, it also states that the mangosteen "fruit has been shown to be rich in anti-oxidants. Very early laboratory ... is the cost of antioxidant-rich pomegranate juice). A 2008 medical case report described a patient with severe acidosis ...
enabled the formation of a C-N bond via cross-coupling using air as an oxidant and a copper catalyst. No conditions are known ... Copper (and silver) centers are often complexed with phenanthrolines, and activity is reported to increase with electron-rich ... can be used to obtain an aryl olefin using benzoquinone as the oxidant. Wang et al. proposed a novel method for [4+2] ... This proton is abstracted by silver carbonate, which acts as both a base and an oxidant to regenerate the starting palladium ...
4) One-electron oxidants, such as copper(II), operate via a more complex mechanism involving dioxygen as the terminal oxidant. ... Although a wide variety of alcohols may be oxidized using TEMPO, competitive oxidation of more electron-rich functionality ... The mechanism of oxidation of the nitroxide radical depends on the terminal oxidant employed. Two-electron oxidants, such as ... Because this reaction consumes base and active oxidant, two equivalents of base and oxidant are necessary under weakly basic ...
Lerner, Chad A.; Sundar, Isaac K.; Watson, Richard M.; Elder, Alison; Jones, Ryan; Done, Douglas; Kurtzman, Rachel; Ossip, ... Oxidants and copper in e-cigarette aerosols". Environmental Pollution. 198: 100-107. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2014.12.033. ISSN ...
Richard, Jean-Michel; Louis, Josette; Cantin, Danielle (1 March 1988). "Nephrotoxicity of orellanine, a toxin from the mushroom ... Some treatments make use of anti-oxidant therapy and corticosteroids to help victims recover from their kidney failure. Lethal ... 1999). "Acute renal failure from intoxication by Cortinarius orellanus: recovery using anti-oxidant therapy and steroids". ... webcaps Cortinarius Diquat Oubrahim H.; Richard J.-M.; Cantin-Esnault D.; Seigle-Murandi F.; Trecourt F (1997). "Novel methods ...
The fruit contains rich amounts of vitamin C, vitamin A, vitamin E, calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus. List of culinary fruits ... It is sometimes used in folk medicine, as it is considered to hold anti-oxidant and anti-diabetic properties. It is offered to ...
Indole-3-propionic acid (IPA, OXIGON) is a potent anti-oxidant devoid of pro-oxidant activity. IPA has been demonstrated to be ... IPA in human blood plasma were found to be correlated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes and higher consumption of fiber-rich ... In contrast with other antioxidants, IPA was not converted to reactive intermediates with pro-oxidant activity. Reiter RJ, ... it scavenges radicals without subsequently generating reactive and pro-oxidant intermediate compounds. In 2017, elevated ...
Rich Daly. "Pseudoexfoliation syndrome's surgical challenge". EyeWorld. Archived from the original on 2011-09-28. Retrieved ... Yimaz A, Adiguzel U, Tamer L, Yildirim O, Oz O, Vatansever H (February 2005). "Serum oxidant/antioxidant balance in exfoliation ...
Lotito SB, Frei B (2006). "Consumption of flavonoid-rich foods and increased plasma antioxidant capacity in humans: cause, ... Lichtenthäler R, Rodrigues RB, Maia JG, Papagiannopoulos M, Fabricius H, Marx F (February 2005). "Total oxidant scavenging ... Seeram NP, Aviram M, Zhang Y (February 2008). "Comparison of antioxidant potency of commonly consumed polyphenol-rich beverages ...
Chris Churchill Jeffrey L. Bada, Andrew D. Aubrey, Frank J. Grunthaner, Michael Hecht, Richard Quinn, Richard Mathies, Aaron ... The Urey Mars Organic and Oxidant Detector instrument for detection of biosignatures has been descoped, but was due to be flown ... Richard A. Mathies, Richard C. Quinn, Aaron P. Zent, Pascale Ehrenfreund, Ron Amundson, Daniel P. Glavin, Oliver Botta, ... Measured data indicates that these geysers are made primarily of salt rich particles with an 'ocean-like' composition, which is ...
Baru seeds are highly nutritious and rich in: Anti-oxidants (mainly tocopherols), protein, dietary fiber, omega-6, omega-3, ...
Studies on the combination of caffeine and green tea anti-oxidant have given mixed results, and the results are not conclusive ... In February 2009 the companies made a settlement with Connecticut Attorney General Richard Blumenthal, affecting several US ... The State Attorney General Richard Blumenthal demanded all scientific research associated with its calorie-burning qualities. ...
Stoichiometric Oxidant: Peroxides were among the first stoichiometric oxidants to be used in this catalytic cycle; see the ... In general Sharpless asymmetric dihydroxylation favors oxidation of the more electron-rich alkene (scheme 1). In this example ... Potassium ferricyanide (K3Fe(CN)6) is the most commonly used stoichiometric oxidant for the reaction, and is the oxidant that ... Some stoichiometric terminal oxidants that have been employed in these catalytic reactions include potassium chlorate, hydrogen ...
Vegetable oils also are quite rich in CoQ10. Within vegetables, parsley and perilla are the richest CoQ10 sources, but ... Cooking by frying reduces CoQ10 content by 14-32%. Idebenone - synthetic analog with reduced oxidant generating properties ...
Wiley, Richard H.; Borum, O. H. (1953). "3-Acetamido-2-butanone". Organic Syntheses. 33: 1. doi:10.15227/orgsyn.033.0001.. ... Typical strong oxidants (source of "O" in the above reaction) include potassium permanganate or a Cr(VI) compound. Milder ...
Strongbow was launched in England by H.P. Bulmer in 1962.[4] It is named after the Cambro-Norman knight Richard de Clare, later ... anti-oxidant: sulphur dioxide, colouring agent: cochineal, burned sugar.[13] It is made in Belgium at Heineken's Stassen plant. ...
When oxygen enters the tissue these materials interact with oxygen to create high levels of oxidants. Oxidants interfere with ... Other causes include status epilepticus, work in nitrogen-rich environments, ascent from a deep-water dive, flying at high ...
There is no evidence that ingestion of unprotected SOD or SOD-rich foods can have any physiological effects, as all ingested ... does not seem to be sufficient and tends to decrease due to the destruction of proteins from the massive reaction of oxidant- ...
... oxidants or oxidizers. An oxidant removes electrons from another substance. Similarly, substances that have the ability to ... Connelly, Neil G.; Damhus, Ture; Hartshorn, Richard M.; Hutton, Alan T. (2005). Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry IUPAC ...
At high tissue concentrations ascorbic acid is described as acting as a pro-oxidant, generating hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to ... assuming that the diet was rich in vitamin C, natural selection would not act to preserve it.[140][141] ...
The last exon shares similarity with lymphotoxin alpha (LTA, known also as TNF-β).[23] The 3' UTR of TNFα contains an AU-rich ... On macrophages: stimulates phagocytosis, and production of IL-1 oxidants and the inflammatory lipid Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) ... Rick J, Kuster B, Superti-Furga G (February 2004). "A physical and functional map of the human TNF alpha/NF-kappa B signal ...
Farooque, Sannia; Rose, Paul M.; Benohoud, Meryem; Blackburn, Richard S.; Rayner, Christopher M. (2018). "Enhancing the ... an oxidant. The process is typically performed under basic conditions. The mechanism of oxidation dyes involves three steps:[7] ... Rose, Paul M.; Cantrill, Victoria; Benohoud, Meryem; Tidder, Alenka; Rayner, Christopher M.; Blackburn, Richard S. (2018). " ...
Free elemental iodine should not be used for saturating the thyroid because it is a corrosive oxidant and therefore is toxic to ... Greer, Monte A.; Goodman, Gay; Pleus, Richard C.; Greer, Susan E. (2002). "Health Effects Assessment for Environmental ... Sepe, S. M.; Clark, R. A. (March 1985). "Oxidant membrane injury by the neutrophil myeloperoxidase system. I. Characterization ...
One idea is that the yin-yang balance, at least with regard to herbs, corresponds to the pro-oxidant and anti-oxidant balance. ... A tea will be rich in polar components because water is a polar solvent. Oil on the other hand is a non-polar solvent and it ... Sick animals tend to forage plants rich in secondary metabolites, such as tannins and alkaloids.[90] Because these ...
Morris, Richard (2003). The last sorcerers: The path from alchemy to the periodic table. Washington, D.C.: Joseph Henry Press. ... Fire and explosion hazards exist when concentrated oxidants and fuels are brought into close proximity; an ignition event, such ... 2-rich air, but this practice was discontinued after some babies were blinded by the oxygen content being too high.[6] ... making 18O common in the helium-rich zones of evolved, massive stars.[52] ...
The yields are generally moderate as no co-oxidant is used in this procedure.[6] Since the reaction to generate Nile red does ... In most polar solvents, Nile red will not fluoresce; however, when in a lipid-rich environment can be intensely fluorescent, ...
Pro-oxidant activities[edit]. Further information: Pro-oxidant. Antioxidants that are reducing agents can also act as pro- ... it is important to avoid oxidation in fat-rich foods. Thus, these foods are rarely preserved by drying; instead, they are ... Thus, the function of antioxidant systems is not to remove oxidants entirely, but instead to keep them at an optimum level.[55] ... The potential role of the pro-oxidant role of uric acid in (e.g.) atherosclerosis and ischemic stroke is considered above. ...
Richard, Pohanish (2012). Sittig's Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Carcinogens (2 ed.). Elsevier. p. 572. ISBN ... Ozone and other photochemical oxidants. National Academies. 1977. p. 23. ISBN 0-309-02531-1.. ...
Richard M. Souza, 2008, Plant-Parasitic Nematodes of Coffee, p. 3. *^ "Major coffee producers". productsyoucantrefuse.com. 2015 ... Morishita, H.; Kido, R. (1995). "Anti-oxidant activities of chlorogenic acid". 16th international colloqu. Chem. Coffee, Kyoto ...
a b Harris Bernstein, Carol Bernstein and Richard E. Michod (2011). Meiosis as an Evolutionary Adaptation for DNA Repair. ... "Oxidants, antioxidants, and the degenerative diseases of aging". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 90 (17): 7915-22. doi:10.1073/ ...
Oxidants, oxidative stress and the biology of ageing. , s. 239-47, 2000. DOI: 10.1038/35041687. PMID: 11089981. ... Rich PR. The molecular machinery of Keilin's respiratory chain. „Biochem. Soc. Trans.". 31 (Pt 6), s. 1095-105, 2003. PMID: ...
... which is rich in LDH-1, into the bloodstream). The use of this phenomenon to diagnose infarction has been largely superseded by ... "Mitogenic signaling mediated by oxidants in Ras-transformed fibroblasts". Science. 275 (5306): 1649-52. doi:10.1126/science. ...
Cloratul de potasiu este un oxidant puternic[149], fiind folosit în fabricarea chibriturilor[150] și în agricultură ca erbicid[ ... CXC chemistry, By Jacqueline Fergusson, Richard Hart, pagina 335 *^ a b AIEEE Chemistry By E.Ramanathan, pagina 224 ... Bromura de potasiu (KBr) este un oxidant puternic, folosit ca îmbunătățitor al făinii (E924)[117] pentru a îmbunătăți aluatul ... fiind un oxidant utilizat în praful de pușcă[134][135] sau în îngrășăminte[135]. ...
Richard L (2014). "Hydroxyoctadecadienoic Acids Regulate Apoptosis in Human THP-1 Cells in a PPARγ-Dependent Manner". Lipids. ... "Strong dependence of the lipid peroxidation product spectrum whether Fe2+/O2 or Fe3+/O2 is used as oxidant". Biochimica et ...
Precipitative softening:[6]:13.12-13.58 Water rich in hardness (calcium and magnesium ions) is treated with lime (calcium oxide ... Chlorine is a strong oxidant that rapidly kills many harmful micro-organisms. Because chlorine is a toxic gas, there is a ... Although chloramine is not as strong an oxidant, it does provide a longer-lasting residual than free chlorine and it will not ... Curtis, Rick (1998) OA Guide to Water Purification, The Backpacker's Field Manual, Random House. ...
These include acidic and alkaline hydrolysis, ultrasonic disintegration, thermal decomposition, and degradation by oxidants.[59 ... A variety of cell functions that are essential for tissue repair may attribute to this HA-rich network. These functions include ... A fasciacyte is a type of biological cell that produces hyaluronan-rich extracellular matrix, and modulates the gliding of ... the migration path through which neural crest cells migrate is rich in HA.[26] HA is closely associated with the cell migration ...
More aggressive oxidants convert cysteine to the corresponding sulfinic acid and sulfonic acid. Cysteine residues play a ... "At the very beginning of life on Earth: the thiol-rich peptide (TRP) world hypothesis". International Journal of Developmental ...
Preliminary report", by Richard Doll and Austin Hill,[235][13] and the 1950 Wynder and Graham Study, entitled "Tobacco Smoking ... Free radicals and pro-oxidants in cigarettes damage blood vessels and oxidize LDL cholesterol.[186] Only oxidized LDL ...
... (VI) compounds are oxidants at low or neutral pH. Chromate anions (CrO2−. 4) and dichromate (Cr2O72−) anions are the ... Ortt Jr., Richard A. "Soldier's Delight, Baltimore Country". Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Maryland Geological ... The acute toxicity of chromium(VI) is due to its strong oxidant properties. After it reaches the blood stream, it damages the ... This mine is a kimberlite pipe, rich in diamonds, and the reducing environment helped produce both elemental chromium and ...
Vegetable oils also are quite rich in CoQ10. Within vegetables, parsley and perilla are the richest CoQ10 sources, but ... Idebenone - synthetic analog with reduced oxidant generating properties. *MitoQ - mitochondrion-targeted version of CoQ10 with ...
Benedick, Richard Elliot (1991) Ozone Diplomacy. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University. *^ a b "Happy birthday, Greenfreeze!". ... Ground-level ozone is generally recognized to be a health risk, as ozone is toxic due to its strong oxidant properties. The ... "In Todaro, Richard M. (ed.). Stratospheric ozone: an electronic textbook. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Atmospheric ... 2-rich air flows in from lower latitudes, the PSCs are destroyed, the enhanced ozone depletion process shuts down, and the ...
In this switch he saw a possibility to lessen the difference between the rich north of Europe and poor south and ventured a ... a non-O-donating oxidant". Energy & Environ Sci. 7 (1): 317-322. doi:10.1039/C3EE43040E.. ... Richard T. (13 May 2011). "Comparing Photosynthetic and Photovoltaic Efficiencies and Recognizing the Potential for Improvement ...
Aerobic organisms release the chemical energy stored in the weak sigma bond of atmospheric dioxygen, the terminal oxidant in ... Richard A. Lerner (2002-12-13). "Evidence for Antibody-Catalyzed Ozone Formation in Bacterial Killing and Inflammation". ...
Effects of polyphenol-rich chokeberry juice on antioxidant/pro-oxidant status in healthy subjects.. Kardum N1, Konić-Ristić A, ... Berry fruits are a rich source of polyphenols, especially anthocyanins: well-known potent anti-oxidant phytochemicals. The ... oxidant status biomarkers observed in healthy subjects indicates putative prophylactic effects of polyphenol-rich chokeberry ... effects of long-term consumption of polyphenol-rich organic chokeberry juice on different markers of antioxidant/pro-oxidant ...
Super Foods are a great source of anti-oxidants, amino acids (proteins), dietary fiber, and many other hard-to-find essential ... the highest quality and best-tasting super foods from across the globe to bring you and your family the most mineral-rich and ... Super Foods are a great source of anti-oxidants, amino acids (proteins), dietary fiber, and many other hard-to-find essential ... Foods Alive believes the freshest and best tasting seed grows in the most nutrient-dense & mineral-rich soil. Before we ...
Its full of antioxidant-rich Pomegranate Oil to protect the skin from free radicals (caused by all the nasty stuff in the air ...
Rich,Anti-Oxidant,Mask;,On,Sale,Now,at,Sublime,Beauty,medicine,medical news today,latest medical news,medical newsletters, ... The Pure Luxury Anti-Oxidant Mask from Sublime Beauty® is just what skin needs to heal deeply,As,Seasons,Change,,Prep,Skin,With ... Take Skin to the Next Level of Care With an Anti-Oxidant Mask; On Sale Now at Sublime Beauty. 11. Triple Anti-Oxidant Liver ... As Seasons Change, Prep Skin With a Rich Anti-Oxidant Mask; On Sale Now at Sublime Beauty ...
This healthy tea has a powerful combination of traditional herbs to improve kidney, liver, nervous & immune system function as well as skin & circulation.
Oxygen Radicals, Pro-oxidants and Antioxidant Nutrients. Richard A. Passwater PhD16 min read ... Richard A. Passwater PhD. Richard A. Passwater, Ph.D. has been a research biochemist since 1959. His first areas of research ... What do we know about the dangers of the dietary pro-oxidants such as iron?. Packer: Free iron, that is, iron that has been ... by © Richard A. Passwater, Ph.D. and Whole Foods magazine (WFC Inc.).. ...
Fight Cancer With Antioxidant-Rich Foods Some nutrients in our foods are cancer fighters. The anti-cancer effects of these ... Fight Cancer Nutritionally: Which Trace Minerals Have Anti-oxidant Properties?. By onwoc234 Aug 21, 2012 ... You may also consume foods that are naturally rich in this cancer-fighting mineral. Shown below are some foods that are ... In contrast, foods produced in plant nutrient-rich soils usually have adequate levels of this important trace mineral. Organic ...
Foods Rich In Anti-oxidants Help Fight Aging. 09/18/2016. 08/02/2016. Kim ... Food which is rich in anti-inflammatory items would be able to reverse the effects of the process of ageing and age related ... Other than anti-oxidants some other compounds in food affect ageing. According to noted dermatologist Nicholas Perricone, MD, ... Fruits and vegetables: they contain lots of anti-oxidants. One should only go for colored products. At least a serving of five ...
Cowburn, Richard F. AstraZeneca, Södertälje.. Benedikz, Eirikur Karolinska Institutet.. Kågedal, Katarina Linköpings ... the role of endogenous Aβ in oxidant-induced apoptosis; 3) the role of autophagy and APP processing in oxidant induced damage; ... Oxidant-induced apoptosis positively correlated with cellular Aβ production, being the highest in cells that were stably ... Our results suggest that upregulation of macroautophagy and resulting lysosomal Aβ accumulation are essential for oxidant- ...
Anti-Oxidant Rich Matcha Chia Pudding. 16 May 2016. Mixed with a cup of gojis and cranberries, this breakfast packs a major ...
The rich, soothing spa-quality Pure Luxury Facial Mask from Sublime Beauty is a great gift (or self-gift). What better time ... Spa-Quality Anti-Oxidant Mask a Perfect Gift or Stocking Stuffer; Currently on Sale at Sublime Beauty®. ... The antioxidant mask is rich and thick, and should be applied to cleansed skin for about 10 to 15 minutes. Simply wipe off the ...
- Kairali Ayurvedic Herbal Tea is a caffeine-free herbal concoction carefully crafted with medicinal plants, organic herbs, fruits, and spices. Regular use of Kairali herbal tea helps to balance your physical health and spiritual harmony.
Richard B; Levin, Gilbert V; Rozanov, Alexei Y; Davies, Paul C. W (eds.). "The Biological Oxidant and Life Detection (BOLD) ... The Biological Oxidant and Life Detection (BOLD) Mission: A Proposal for a Mission to Mars. Concepts and Approaches for Mars ... The Biological Oxidant and Life Detection (BOLD) is a concept mission to Mars focused on searching for evidence or ... Six landing packages are projected to impact softly on Mars that include a limited power supply, a set of oxidant and life ...
Changes in selected serum oxidant and antioxidant status in response to a 21-km running time trial in 10 runners (15.5 ± 1.3 ... Tessier, F.; Margaritis, I.; Richard, M.J.; Moynot, C.; Marconnet, P. Selenium and training effects on the glutathione system ... For pre-exercise oxidant and anti-oxidant levels, only serum T-AOC (p , 0.05) was significantly increased post-evaluation. No ... The oxidant and antioxidant status was determined by quantifying serum concentrations of TBARS, GSH, and T-AOC, as well as the ...
Unfortunately the consumption of a diet rich in lycopene presents practical problems which do not arise with the better known ... Lycopene, in particular, is now even thought to be responsible for many of the anti-oxidant functions previously credited to ... This is not so easy to achieve with tomatoes unless youre thinking about the rich kind of meat and tomato sauce commonly eaten ... Conventional medicine tends to accept the value of a diet rich in carotenoids, but argues that the positive effects may be due ...
Oxygen Radicals, Pro-oxidants and Antioxidant Nutrients. Richard A. Passwater PhD Professor Lester Packer, Ph.D. is the ... Richard Passwater, Ph.D. interviews Dr. Adrianne Bendich about vitamin safety, immune function and nutrition beyond deficiency ... Russell E. DiCarlo interviews Richard Tarnas about explains his view that what a whole culture goes through in some way ...
Fiber can benefit a persons health in many ways, but which foods should we eat? Click here to get some ideas on fiber-rich ... Anti-oxidants. Antioxidants support the immune system and fight inflammation. There are many types of antioxidants. ... Certain types of fish are rich in omega-3 fatty acids. These acids help reduce levels of two proteins called the C-reactive ...
A Rich Source of Anti-Oxidant Nutrients. The flavonoids in parsley-especially luteolin-have been shown to function as ... Enjoying foods rich in folic acid, like parsley, is an especially good idea for individuals who either have, or wish to prevent ... Subjects who consumed the lowest amounts of vitamin C-rich foods were more than three times more likely to develop arthritis ... Diets with beta-carotene-rich foods are also associated with a reduced risk for the development and progression of conditions ...
Among the foods you should eat are fiber-rich, anti-oxidant packed, delicious dried fruits. ... Types of Fiber and Anti-Oxidant Rich Dried Fruits. TOPICS:FiberFiber richfruits ...
The Chips are healthy snacks made from Raw Kale, Fresh Vegetables, fruits and nuts! It is rich in B Vitamins, Calcium, Iron, ... Prepared with Raw Kale, Fresh Vegetables, fruits and nuts Kale Chips are extremely Healthy! It is rich in B Vitamins, Calcium, ...
Though gentle on the skin, its rich lather dissolves impurities and excess oil, leaving your face perfectly cleansed, soft and ... Botanica Anti Oxidant Boost Foaming Face Wash provides a refreshing and rejuvenating cleansing experience. ... Botanica Anti Oxidant Boost Foaming Face Wash with its gentle yet deep cleansing action removes dust, grime, dead skin, makeup ... Be the first to review "StBotanica Anti Oxidant Boost Foaming Face Wash, 120ml" Cancel reply. Your email address will not be ...
Asthma, inhaled oxidants, and dietary antioxidants. Am J Clin Nutr 1995;61:625S-30S. View abstract. ... Consumption of fresh fruit rich in vitamin C and wheezing symptoms in children. Thorax 2000;55:283-8. View abstract. ...
Asthma, inhaled oxidants, and dietary antioxidants. Am J Clin Nutr 1995;61:625S-30S. View abstract. ... Some research shows that eating vitamin C-rich citrus fruits, including grapefruit and others, might improve lung function in ... Consumption of fresh fruit rich in vitamin C and wheezing symptoms in children. Thorax 2000;55:283-8. View abstract. ...
Anti-oxidants on parade! Nice capture. Im always too shy to take pictures in the local stores. ...
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The post 15 of the Most Anti-Oxidant Rich Foods & Why We Should Be Eating Them appeared first on Nutrition Secrets. ... 15 of the Most Anti-Oxidant Rich Foods & Why We Should Be Eating Them ... Blueberries often function as a measuring stick for other foods rich in antioxidants, simply because they are so rich in them. ... Or if youd like, take some of the other tasty fruits and veggies on here and throw them all into a big antioxidant-rich salad. ...
Buy Aesop Parsley Seed Anti Oxidant Serum 100ml online at Mankind! We have a great range of Aesop Skin Care products available ... An anti oxidant rich, daily use serum moisturiser for dry, combination and sensitive skin types. This perfected moisturiser ... But this anti oxidant serum helps my face to moisturize and soften the skin. And this item is good for absorb next step ... I like it very much in essence,aesop parsiey seed anti oxidant serun ; it can quickly repair the skin, very moisturizing ...
Richard Quinn:. Sure. Peter Smith:. Richard Quinn is here. Hes an expert on oxidants. He has also been to the Atacama Desert. ... Maybe I could ask my colleague Richard Quinn to address that. Richard Quinn:. Yes. This is Richard Quinn speaking. The other ... Richard Quinn: Well, the interesting thing is perchlorate is a relatively inert oxidant. It can be either or. There are some ... Richard Kerr:. I mean, the concentration of perchlorate in Atacama soils. Richard Quinn: Oh, that tends to be parts per million ...
Source of anti-oxidants, they help prevent skin ageing. ... Anti-Oxidant Protecting Fluid The Anti-Oxidant Protecting Fluid ... Anti-Dryness Protecting Cream - Rich The Anti-Dryness Protecting Cream PRO-PRESERVE actively nourishes, improves and protects ... Anti-Oxidant Protecting Fluid. The Anti-Oxidant Protecting Fluid PRO-PRESERVE improves skins youthful moisture and appearance. ... Anti-Dryness Protecting Cream - Rich. The Anti-Dryness Protecting Cream PRO-PRESERVE actively nourishes, improves and protects ...
Hippocampus was probably more affected because it is a rich area in mitochondria. These are related to a production of ... Oxidative stress (OS) is classically defined as a redox imbalance caused by an excess of oxidants or a lack of natural ... Monocrotaline: Histological Damage and Oxidant Activity in Brain Areas of Mice. José Eduardo Ribeiro Honório Junior,1 Germana ...
  • Perricone believes that one can slow down the process of ageing by consuming food which has anti-oxidants and has antioxidants. (intreviews.com)
  • In fact, some studies performed in the 1990s showed that people with lower intakes of fruits and vegetables rich with antioxidants were more susceptible to developing chronic conditions. (blogspot.com)
  • Oxidative stress (OS) is classically defined as a redox imbalance caused by an excess of oxidants or a lack of natural antioxidants in the system [ 14 , 15 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • These foods are rich with antioxidants and protect the DNA from damage by free-radicals. (medindia.net)
  • This episode features audio from Antioxidant-Rich Foods with Every Meal , Preventing Exercise-Induced Oxidative Stress with Watercress , and Minimum "Recommended Daily Allowance" of Antioxidants . (nutritionfacts.org)
  • Beans are rich in antioxidants especially red beans, red kidney beans and pinto beans. (amoils.com)
  • It examines the role of such research in health and disease, particulary with respect to developing greater understanding about the many interactions between oxidants and antioxidants, and how such substances may act as natural protectants and /or natural toxicants. (ebookmall.com)
  • Oxidants, Antioxidants And Free Radicals PDF (Adobe DRM) can be read on any device that can open PDF (Adobe DRM) files. (ebookmall.com)
  • Rich in antioxidants known as anthocyanins and polyphenols, bilberries have been used for medicinal purposes for conditions ranging from eye conditions to diabetes. (verywellhealth.com)
  • Rich in minerals, stem cells, and antioxidants, Babor Energizing Lime Mandarin Invigorating Shower Gel. (parenting.com)
  • Super Foods are a great source of anti-oxidants, amino acids (proteins), dietary fiber, and many other hard-to-find essential vitamins and minerals that are necessary for maintaining a healthy lifestyle. (foodsalive.com)
  • Richard Passwater, Ph.D. interviews Dr. Adrianne Bendich about vitamin safety, immune function and nutrition beyond deficiency diseases, including related research and specifics on correct usage of a number of vitamins. (healthy.net)
  • In addition, I take anti-oxidant vitamins C and E and Alpha Lipoic Acid -- almost daily (sometimes I miss a day) I sometimes take other supplements as well Ginkgo Biloba, Fish oil, Co-Q 10. (hubpages.com)
  • The association send people to switching into vitamin-filled existence with easy to take capsules, tablets, etc., forgetting at times that they have rich sources of vitamins in their meat, fish, fruits, and vegetables. (hubpages.com)
  • Tomato is a rich source of vitamins (vitamins A and C), anti oxidants and folic acid. (ayurhelp.com)
  • Dried fruits are a great source of fiber, anti-oxidants, vitamins and other nutrients like potassium and iron. (pbs.org)
  • Aesop Parsley Seed Anti-Oxidant Facial Hydrator (60ml) is an ultra-nourishing moisturiser that delivers a generous amount of botanicals, vitamins and essential oils to hydrate and protect your skin. (mankind.co.uk)
  • A potent anti-oxidant blend formulated with generous doses of Vitamins C and E to gently nourish and protect the delicate skin surrounding the eyes. (aesop.com)
  • Bilberries are rich in vitamins and anti-oxidants. (elemis.com)
  • Rich in essential fatty acids and vitamins. (comfortzone.it)
  • A rich anti-aging body creamFormulated with exclusive Elsberry Stem Cells to deliver intensive moistureContains Vitamins A, C & E ... to promote skin regeneration & protect against skin agingLoaded with mineral-rich Thermal Water for a calming. (parenting.com)
  • Sesame is rich in quality vitamins and minerals. (theepicentre.com)
  • 100% pomegranate juice, rich in vitamins, helpful for blood purification and circulation, help prevent memory loss, no added preservatives and sugar, good for skin, fascinating taste. (thebreslin.com)
  • A new low-cholesterol variety by using emu meat, rich in minerals, phosphorus and vitamins, was introduced in 2013. (wikipedia.org)
  • Clicks Skincare Collection Rooibos & Anti-oxidants Facial Wash Cream 225ml can be used with or without water. (clicks.co.za)
  • Clicks Skincare Collection Rooibos & Anti-Oxidants Travel & Trial Pack includes travel sized products, perfect for any getaway or home trial. (clicks.co.za)
  • Great skin is always at hand with this Clicks Skincare Collection rooibos & anti-oxidants facial travel and trial pack. (clicks.co.za)
  • 100% Natural tea, with the highest anti-oxidant properties in its class. (iherb.com)
  • The Pure Luxury Anti-Oxidant Mask from Sublime Beauty® is just what skin needs to heal, deeply moisturize and get ready for fall. (bio-medicine.org)
  • Caffeine free, rich in nutrients and rare trace elements, unique, superb and mildly aromatic taste. (iherb.com)
  • Tomato paste is also incredibly rich in anti-oxidants and other healthy nutrients. (pbs.org)
  • We studied the expression and regulation of the methionine sulfoxide reductases (Msr) that are involved in the repair of oxidized staphylococcal proteins and investigated their influence on the fate of S. aureus exposed to oxidants or PMN. (nih.gov)
  • Together, these data show that HClO and ONOOH consistently target oxidant-sensitive amino acids regardless of the structural organization of Qβ and MS2, even though the phenotypes change as a function of the interaction with adjacent proteins/RNA. (frontiersin.org)
  • Enjoying foods rich in folic acid, like parsley, is an especially good idea for individuals who either have, or wish to prevent, these diseases. (whfoods.org)
  • They are packed with iron, folic acid & are a rich source of dietary fiber. (bellaonline.com)
  • Asparagus is rich in folic acid and can prevent birth defects . (ayushveda.com)
  • Spinach is rich in iron and folic acid and it is lower in calories. (ayushveda.com)
  • While one study suggests that high doses of supplemental vitamin C makes osteoarthritis, a type of degenerative arthritis that occurs with aging, worse in laboratory animals, another indicates that vitamin C-rich foods, such as parsley, provide humans with protection against inflammatory polyarthritis, a form of rheumatoid arthritis involving two or more joints. (whfoods.org)
  • Some research shows that eating vitamin C-rich citrus fruits, including grapefruit and others, might improve lung function in people with asthma. (medlineplus.gov)
  • Olive oil soap is also rich in vitamin E and anti-oxidants, consequently this soap is extremely gentle when used to cleanse and refresh the skin. (issuu.com)
  • Butter is rich in the most easily absorbable form of Vitamin A necessary for thyroid and adrenal health. (bodyecology.com)
  • The aim of our study was to assess the effect of dietary supplementation with vitamin C-rich SunGold kiwifruit on four important functions of neutrophils: chemotaxis, oxidant generation, extracellular trap formation, and apoptosis. (mdpi.com)
  • Our data indicate that supplementation with vitamin C-rich kiwifruit is associated with improvement of important neutrophil functions, which would be expected to translate into enhanced immunity. (mdpi.com)
  • However, during their oxidative burst, when neutrophils produce highly reactive oxidants to combat invading pathogens, they increase their intracellular concentration of vitamin C through the non-specific uptake of the oxidised form, (dehydroascorbate, DHA) via the glucose transporters [ 5 , 6 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • Consume food rich in vitamin A. You can eat carrots which is good for your eyes. (ayurvediccure.com)
  • It cleanses without drying, and contains Rooibos extract with polyphenol anti-oxidants, known to be potent free radical scavengers to help your skin retain its radiant look and soft feel. (clicks.co.za)
  • Skin Care Collection™.r Rooibos & anti-oxidants. (clicks.co.za)
  • Remove residue with rooibos & anti-oxidants purifying toner. (clicks.co.za)
  • Comes with a facial wash, toner, day cream and night cream that contain rooibos extract, which is high in polyphenol anti-oxidants known to help protect the skin from free radical damage. (clicks.co.za)
  • These products contain rooibos extract, high in polyphenol anti-oxidants known to help protect the skin from free radical damage. (clicks.co.za)
  • Rooibos & anti-oxidants facial travel & trial pack contains: Rooibos & anti-oxidants facial wash cream, 60 ml. (clicks.co.za)
  • Rooibos & anti-oxidants purifying toner, 60 ml. (clicks.co.za)
  • Rooibos & anti-oxidants SPF 15 day cream, 25 ml. (clicks.co.za)
  • Rooibos & anti-oxidants night cream, 25 ml. (clicks.co.za)
  • Rooibos & anti-oxidants. (clicks.co.za)
  • Effects of polyphenol-rich chokeberry juice on antioxidant/pro-oxidant status in healthy subjects. (nih.gov)
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate beneficial effects of long-term consumption of polyphenol-rich organic chokeberry juice on different markers of antioxidant/pro-oxidant status in healthy female volunteers. (nih.gov)
  • In conclusion, the fine modulation of several antioxidant/pro-oxidant status biomarkers observed in healthy subjects indicates putative prophylactic effects of polyphenol-rich chokeberry juice and supports its importance as part of an optimal diet. (nih.gov)
  • Its high polyphenol content makes it a strong anti-oxidant and adds to its stable shelf life. (fromnaturewithlove.com)
  • The anti-oxidant property present in bilberry may provide more strength to your eyes and it might fight effectively against glaucoma . (ayurvediccure.com)
  • Unfortunately the consumption of a diet rich in lycopene presents practical problems which do not arise with the better known carotenoids, alpha and beta-carotene, because it is not nearly so widely available in common foodstuffs. (wkbw.com)
  • Lycopene, in particular, is now even thought to be responsible for many of the anti-oxidant functions previously credited to beta-carotene. (wkbw.com)
  • Also a key source of lycopene, the cancer-fighting oxidant. (medhelp.org)
  • Other than anti-oxidants some other compounds in food affect ageing. (intreviews.com)
  • It is believed that the organs of severely malnourished children malfunction because harmful compounds called oxidants injure the tissues in these organs. (bioportfolio.com)
  • Changes in selected serum oxidant and antioxidant status in response to a 21-km running time trial in 10 runners (15.5 ± 1.3 years) undergoing professional training were evaluated twice in 12 months (pre- and post-evaluation). (mdpi.com)
  • An anti oxidant rich, daily use serum moisturiser for dry, combination and sensitive skin types. (mankind.co.uk)
  • But this anti oxidant serum helps my face to moisturize and soften the skin. (mankind.co.uk)
  • This perfected moisturiser contains extracts of Grape and Parsley Seed, high potency anti oxidant ingredients. (mankind.co.uk)
  • St. Botanica Anti Oxidant Boost Eye Gel has combined the most effective hydrating and skin firming ingredients to help enhance the appearance of the under eye area. (stbotanica.com)
  • It is very rich in protein, a polyunsaturated fat used in margarine production and cooking oils. (theepicentre.com)
  • Finish with intensely fortifying Parsley Seed Anti-Oxidant Facial Hydrating Cream. (aesop.com)
  • Ideal for undernourished, dry, stressed and tired skins, in combination with the night or day cream for extra anti-oxidant protection. (comfortzone.it)
  • A rich lifting & anti-aging body cream Formulated with exclusive Elsberry Stem Cells to deliver intensive moistureBlended with a S ... haping Complex derived from artichokes for firming actionInfused with elderflower extract & tropical almonds to strengthen. (parenting.com)
  • Anti-oxidants helps neutralize them. (hubpages.com)
  • screens out UV raysLoaded with anti-oxidants to neutralize free radicalsEliminates frizz & static to energize hairSuitable. (parenting.com)
  • Berry fruits are a rich source of polyphenols, especially anthocyanins: well-known potent anti-oxidant phytochemicals. (nih.gov)
  • Its high content of tocopherols, flavanols, procyanidin and catechins make Marula Oil a strong anti-oxidant and adds to its stable shelf life. (fromnaturewithlove.com)
  • Tomatoes are some of the more widely known antioxidant-rich foods available. (blogspot.com)
  • Antioxidant-rich foods originate from the plant kingdom. (nutritionfacts.org)
  • It's full of antioxidant-rich Pomegranate Oil to protect the skin from free radicals (caused by all the nasty stuff in the air) and Black Oats Extract which forms a barely-there layer that strengthens the skin's own natural moisturizing factors and protects against dryness all day long. (rockymountainsoap.com)
  • One food rich in these kinds of chemicals is pomegranate juice. (medhelp.org)
  • Our results suggest that upregulation of macroautophagy and resulting lysosomal Aβ accumulation are essential for oxidant-induced apoptosis in cultured neuroblastoma cells and provide aditional support for the interactive role of oxidative stress and the lysosomal system in AD-related neurodegeneration. (diva-portal.org)
  • Consumption of hydrogen-rich water reduces the biological reaction to radiation-induced oxidative stress without compromising anti-tumor effects. (greenmedinfo.com)
  • Given the content and availability of fat and sugars in the Western diet, regular consumption of phenolic-rich foods, particularly in conjunction with meals, appears to be a prudent strategy to maintain oxidative balance and health. (nutritionfacts.org)
  • However, oxidants such as peroxynitrite (ONOOH) and hypochlorous acid (HClO) can prevent new infection by inactivating infectious viruses. (frontiersin.org)
  • Peroxynitrite (ONOOH) and hypochlorous acid (HClO) are two strong oxidants having a virucidal effect. (frontiersin.org)
  • You may also consume foods that are naturally rich in this cancer-fighting mineral. (infobarrel.com)
  • We source the highest quality and best-tasting super foods from across the globe to bring you and your family the most mineral-rich and nutrient-dense foods available. (foodsalive.com)
  • Our results show that the edible stink bug is a nutrient- and antioxidant-rich source of food and health benefits for human consumption. (duhnnae.com)
  • Is a very rich source of the vital mineral selenium. (bodyecology.com)
  • 3) BERRIES: rich in anthocyanins that repair and protect DNA. (medindia.net)
  • This Aesop Parsley Seed Anti-Oxidant Facial Hydrator is perfect for my skin and overall it has become much better after using it. (mankind.co.uk)
  • Fruits and vegetables: they contain lots of anti-oxidants. (intreviews.com)
  • 11.Include yellow and orange vegetables like carrot which have rich anti oxidants. (ayurhelp.com)
  • The National Cancer Institute in US recently approved the dietary guidance: "Diets rich in fruits and vegetables may reduce the risk of some types of cancer and other chronic diseases. (medindia.net)
  • The Anti-Oxidant Protecting Fluid PRO-PRESERVE improves skin's youthful moisture and appearance. (roc.com)
  • One Radio Network / Recall Healing Special with Michelle Schrader Phd and Dr. Richard Massey M.D. (oneradionetwork.com)
  • Recall Healing Special with Michelle Schrader Phd and Dr. Richard Massey M.D. (oneradionetwork.com)
  • Dr. Richard Massey joins us LIVE once a month to take health questions from our listeners. (oneradionetwork.com)
  • Diets with beta-carotene-rich foods are also associated with a reduced risk for the development and progression of conditions like atherosclerosis, diabetes, and colon cancer. (whfoods.org)
  • Residual Aveolar Ridge Resorption in Men and Women after 40 years of age is minimal, because of their high antioxidant rich diet (beta carotene and ellagic acid) which prevents alveolar bone resorption and promotes bone remodelling after tooth extraction. (journalcra.com)
  • Fight Cancer Nutritionally: Which Trace Minerals Have Anti-oxidant Properties? (infobarrel.com)
  • The seeds are incredibly rich sources of many essential minerals. (theepicentre.com)
  • Oxidant-induced apoptosis positively correlated with cellular Aβ production, being the highest in cells that were stably transfected with APP Swedish KM670/671NL double mutation. (diva-portal.org)
  • The rich, soothing spa-quality 'Pure Luxury Facial Mask' from Sublime Beauty is a great gift (or self-gift). (prweb.com)
  • Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the RRR in terms of Height, width and inter-arch space for men and women of Manipur on anti-oxidant rich and anti-oxidant deficient diet. (journalcra.com)
  • This study also aimed to evaluate the relative percentage of RRR after 6 months of tooth extraction in men and women of Manipur on anti-oxidant rich and anti-oxidant deficient diet. (journalcra.com)
  • Group I included the case group, that is patients on anti-oxidant rich diet, and Group II included the control group, that is anti-oxidant deficient diet. (journalcra.com)
  • Relative to the wild-type bacteria, bacteria deficient in Msr were more susceptible to oxidants and PMN. (nih.gov)
  • When Dr. Brandt first launched his revolutionary anti-oxidant water boosters, they became an instant hit. (itsaglamthing.com)
  • Phytonutrients have one primary function as part of the anti-oxidant family- they gobble up the free radicals. (intreviews.com)
  • The postprandial state is a pro-oxidant state", meaning that after each meal, free radicals are produced as our body assimilates the food. (nutritionfacts.org)
  • This volume collates articles investigating antioxidant, oxidant and free radical research. (ebookmall.com)
  • In contrast, foods produced in plant nutrient-rich soils usually have adequate levels of this important trace mineral. (infobarrel.com)
  • I try to eat some anti-oxidant rich foods daily. (hubpages.com)
  • Cancer-fighting chemicals, such as anti-oxidants, are found in many foods. (medhelp.org)
  • You should also avoid certain foods rich in sugar. (ayurvediccure.com)
  • Blue berries have the high anti oxidants. (ayushveda.com)
  • Bananas are rich in potassium and low in sodium it helps reduce high blood pressure and stroke. (ayushveda.com)
  • The geochemistry we characterized is very interesting and complex and is a very rich matrix of both salts, it's about six times as salty as seawater, has high concentrations of organic carbon and high gas concentrations of gases such as nitrous oxide and hydrogen. (npr.org)
  • They are also anti-oxidants and promote good cardiovascular health. (bellaonline.com)
  • Rich antioxidant to revitalize and rejuvenate the hair, skin and nails. (amazon.com)
  • Both are anti oxidants.Spirulina is a food grade algae. (realsimple.com)
  • Furthermore, PMN granule-rich extract stimulated the upregulation of msrA1. (nih.gov)
  • Black Currant Leaf Extract is rich in anti-oxidant components. (neimanmarcus.com)