Amylose: An unbranched glucan in starch.Amylopectin: A highly branched glucan in starch.Starch Synthase: An enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of glucose from ADPglucose to glucose-containing polysaccharides in 1,4-alpha-linkages. EC 2.4.1.21.Oryza sativa: Annual cereal grass of the family POACEAE and its edible starchy grain, rice, which is the staple food of roughly one-half of the world's population.Starch: Any of a group of polysaccharides of the general formula (C6-H10-O5)n, composed of a long-chain polymer of glucose in the form of amylose and amylopectin. It is the chief storage form of energy reserve (carbohydrates) in plants.1,4-alpha-Glucan Branching Enzyme: In glycogen or amylopectin synthesis, the enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a segment of a 1,4-alpha-glucan chain to a primary hydroxy group in a similar glucan chain. EC 2.4.1.18.Glycogen Debranching Enzyme System: 1,4-alpha-D-Glucan-1,4-alpha-D-glucan 4-alpha-D-glucosyltransferase/dextrin 6 alpha-D-glucanohydrolase. An enzyme system having both 4-alpha-glucanotransferase (EC 2.4.1.25) and amylo-1,6-glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.33) activities. As a transferase it transfers a segment of a 1,4-alpha-D-glucan to a new 4-position in an acceptor, which may be glucose or another 1,4-alpha-D-glucan. As a glucosidase it catalyzes the endohydrolysis of 1,6-alpha-D-glucoside linkages at points of branching in chains of 1,4-linked alpha-D-glucose residues. Amylo-1,6-glucosidase activity is deficient in glycogen storage disease type III.Plant Proteins: Proteins found in plants (flowers, herbs, shrubs, trees, etc.). The concept does not include proteins found in vegetables for which VEGETABLE PROTEINS is available.alpha-Amylases: Enzymes that catalyze the endohydrolysis of 1,4-alpha-glycosidic linkages in STARCH; GLYCOGEN; and related POLYSACCHARIDES and OLIGOSACCHARIDES containing 3 or more 1,4-alpha-linked D-glucose units.Molecular Sequence Data: Descriptions of specific amino acid, carbohydrate, or nucleotide sequences which have appeared in the published literature and/or are deposited in and maintained by databanks such as GENBANK, European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), National Biomedical Research Foundation (NBRF), or other sequence repositories.Endosperm: Nutritive tissue of the seeds of flowering plants that surrounds the EMBRYOS. It is produced by a parallel process of fertilization in which a second male gamete from the pollen grain fuses with two female nuclei within the embryo sac. The endosperm varies in ploidy and contains reserves of starch, oils, and proteins, making it an important source of human nutrition.alpha-Cyclodextrins: Cyclic GLUCANS consisting of six (6) glucopyranose units linked by 1,4-glycosidic bonds.Mutant Proteins: Proteins produced from GENES that have acquired MUTATIONS.Gene Expression Regulation, Plant: Any of the processes by which nuclear, cytoplasmic, or intercellular factors influence the differential control of gene action in plants.Genes, Plant: The functional hereditary units of PLANTS.Phenotype: The outward appearance of the individual. It is the product of interactions between genes, and between the GENOTYPE and the environment.Plants: Multicellular, eukaryotic life forms of kingdom Plantae (sensu lato), comprising the VIRIDIPLANTAE; RHODOPHYTA; and GLAUCOPHYTA; all of which acquired chloroplasts by direct endosymbiosis of CYANOBACTERIA. They are characterized by a mainly photosynthetic mode of nutrition; essentially unlimited growth at localized regions of cell divisions (MERISTEMS); cellulose within cells providing rigidity; the absence of organs of locomotion; absence of nervous and sensory systems; and an alternation of haploid and diploid generations.Molecular Biology: A discipline concerned with studying biological phenomena in terms of the chemical and physical interactions of molecules.Alleles: Variant forms of the same gene, occupying the same locus on homologous CHROMOSOMES, and governing the variants in production of the same gene product.Plants, Genetically Modified: PLANTS, or their progeny, whose GENOME has been altered by GENETIC ENGINEERING.China: A country spanning from central Asia to the Pacific Ocean.Triticum: A plant genus of the family POACEAE that is the source of EDIBLE GRAIN. A hybrid with rye (SECALE CEREALE) is called TRITICALE. The seed is ground into FLOUR and used to make BREAD, and is the source of WHEAT GERM AGGLUTININS.Cereals: Seeds from grasses (POACEAE) which are important in the diet.Veterinary Drugs: Drugs used by veterinarians in the treatment of animal diseases. The veterinarian's pharmacological armamentarium is the counterpart of drugs treating human diseases, with dosage and administration adjusted to the size, weight, disease, and idiosyncrasies of the species. In the United States most drugs are subject to federal regulations with special reference to the safety of drugs and residues in edible animal products.Animal Feed: Foodstuff used especially for domestic and laboratory animals, or livestock.Poaceae: A large family of narrow-leaved herbaceous grasses of the order Cyperales, subclass Commelinidae, class Liliopsida (monocotyledons). Food grains (EDIBLE GRAIN) come from members of this family. RHINITIS, ALLERGIC, SEASONAL can be induced by POLLEN of many of the grasses.Food Contamination: The presence in food of harmful, unpalatable, or otherwise objectionable foreign substances, e.g. chemicals, microorganisms or diluents, before, during, or after processing or storage.Legislation, Food: Laws and regulations concerned with industrial processing and marketing of foods.Plant Infertility: The failure of PLANTS to complete fertilization and obtain seed (SEEDS) as a result of defective POLLEN or ovules, or other aberrations. (Dict. of Plant Genet. and Mol. Biol., 1998)Patents as Topic: Exclusive legal rights or privileges applied to inventions, plants, etc.Inventions: A novel composition, device, or process, independently conceived de novo or derived from a pre-existing model.Seeds: The encapsulated embryos of flowering plants. They are used as is or for animal feed because of the high content of concentrated nutrients like starches, proteins, and fats. Rapeseed, cottonseed, and sunflower seed are also produced for the oils (fats) they yield.Zein: A group of alcohol-soluble seed storage proteins from the endosperm of corn.Electronic Mail: Messages between computer users via COMPUTER COMMUNICATION NETWORKS. This feature duplicates most of the features of paper mail, such as forwarding, multiple copies, and attachments of images and other file types, but with a speed advantage. The term also refers to an individual message sent in this way.Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis: Hybridization of a nucleic acid sample to a very large set of OLIGONUCLEOTIDE PROBES, which have been attached individually in columns and rows to a solid support, to determine a BASE SEQUENCE, or to detect variations in a gene sequence, GENE EXPRESSION, or for GENE MAPPING.Plant Cells: Basic functional unit of plants.Cheese: A nutritious food consisting primarily of the curd or the semisolid substance formed when milk coagulates.Emulsifying Agents: SURFACE-ACTIVE AGENTS that induce a dispersion of undissolved material throughout a liquid.Food Microbiology: The presence of bacteria, viruses, and fungi in food and food products. This term is not restricted to pathogenic organisms: the presence of various non-pathogenic bacteria and fungi in cheeses and wines, for example, is included in this concept.Food Technology: The application of knowledge to the food industry.Korea: Former kingdom, located on Korea Peninsula between Sea of Japan and Yellow Sea on east coast of Asia. In 1948, the kingdom ceased and two independent countries were formed, divided by the 38th parallel.Republic of Korea: The capital is Seoul. The country, established September 9, 1948, is located on the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Its northern border is shared with the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.Quantitative Trait Loci: Genetic loci associated with a QUANTITATIVE TRAIT.Photoperiod: The time period of daily exposure that an organism receives from daylight or artificial light. It is believed that photoperiodic responses may affect the control of energy balance and thermoregulation.Mutation: Any detectable and heritable change in the genetic material that causes a change in the GENOTYPE and which is transmitted to daughter cells and to succeeding generations.Togo: A republic in western Africa, lying between GHANA on its west and BENIN on its east. Its capital is Lome.Manihot: A plant genus of the family EUPHORBIACEAE that is perennial with conspicuous, almost palmate leaves like those of RICINUS but more deeply parted into five to nine lobes. It is a source of a starch after removal of the cyanogenic glucosides. The common name of Arrowroot is also used with Maranta (MARANTACEAE). The common name of yuca is also used for YUCCA.HandbooksWeight Loss: Decrease in existing BODY WEIGHT.Bottle-Nosed Dolphin: The species Tursiops truncatus, in the family Delphinidae, characterized by a bottle-shaped beak and slightly hooked broad dorsal fin.Ghana: A republic in western Africa, south of BURKINA FASO and west of TOGO. Its capital is Accra.Manuals as Topic: Books designed to give factual information or instructions.
The waxy locus in maize encodes for the GBSS protein. Mutants lacking the GBSS protein produce starch containing only ... It is also used in amylose magnetic beads and resin to separate maltose-binding protein High-amylose varieties of rice, the ... is required in addition to GBSS for amylose synthesis. Mutants lacking either protein produce starch without amylose. GM potato ... Rice Starch, Amylopectin, and Amylose: Molecular Weight and Solubility in Dimethyl Sulfoxide-Based Solvents. Journal of ...
The waxy gene is epistatic for all known other amylose and amylopectine forming mutants genes like dull (du), sugary-1 (su1 ) ... The fact that waxy maize occurs so commonly in a part of the world that also possesses waxy varieties of waxy rice, sorghum, ... Amylomaize high amylose maize starch waxy potato starch Glutinous rice Collins, G. N. (1909). "A new type of Indian Corn from ... 1976). "The interaction of the Amylose-Extender and Waxy Mutants of Maize (Zea Mays L.)." Starch 28: 405-410. Creech, R. G. ( ...
... known as waxy starches. The most used is waxy maize, others are glutinous rice and waxy potato starch. Waxy starches have less ... The strength of the resulting blue color depends on the amount of amylose present. Waxy starches with little or no amylose ... August 2001). "The Arabidopsis sex1 mutant is defective in the R1 protein, a general regulator of starch degradation in plants ... About one quarter of the mass of starch granules in plants consist of amylose, although there are about 150 times more amylose ...
Glutinous sticky rice, Glutinous rice, Waxy rice, Botan rice, Biroin Chal, Mochi rice, Pearl rice, and Pulut), whether brown or ... amylose content. The table below summarizes the amylose and amylopectin content of different starches, waxy and non-waxy: The ... Grains that have this gene are considered mutants, which explains why most of them are selectively bred to create a grain that ... This rice is characterized by its lack of amylose in the starch and is derived from short or medium japonica rices. The protein ...
... tolerance was also observed in a waxy-starch (amylose-free) mutant. This tolerance to PPD was thought to be cosegregated with ... Cassava is the third-largest source of food carbohydrates in the tropics, after rice and maize. Cassava is a major staple food ... In the subtropical region of southern China, cassava is the fifth-largest crop in term of production, after rice, sweet potato ... Cassava can produce food calories at rates exceeding 250,000 cal/hectare/day compared with 176,000 for rice, 110,000 for wheat ...
... in the rice waxy mutant GM077 revealed several candidate genes implicated in the carbon reallocation response to an amylose ... we used a rice mutant, GM077, with a low content of amylose to gain molecular insight into how a deficiency of amylose affects ... carbohydrate and oil analyses and gene expression profiling in the seeds of a rice waxy mutant.. Zhang MZ1, Fang JH, Yan X, Liu ... Demonstration of GM077 as a waxy mutant using the corresponding wild type BP034 as a control. (A) Phenotypic traits of BP034 ...
The waxy locus in maize encodes for the GBSS protein. Mutants lacking the GBSS protein produce starch containing only ... It is also used in amylose magnetic beads and resin to separate maltose-binding protein High-amylose varieties of rice, the ... is required in addition to GBSS for amylose synthesis. Mutants lacking either protein produce starch without amylose. GM potato ... Rice Starch, Amylopectin, and Amylose: Molecular Weight and Solubility in Dimethyl Sulfoxide-Based Solvents. Journal of ...
... gene were examined in rice ( Oryza sativaL.) seedlings.... ... of a rice mutant insensitive to cool temperatures on amylose ... at the milky stage on amylose content and fine structure of amylopectin of waxy and nonwaxy endosperm starches of rice (Oryza ... Tsai, C.Y.: The function of the Waxy locus in starch synthesis in maize endosperm.-Biochem. Genet. 11: 83-96, 1974.PubMed ... Hsu, Y.T., Kao, C.H.: Role of abscisic acid in cadmium tolerance of rice (Oryza sativa L.) seedlings.-Plant Cell Environ. 26: ...
The present study describes how waxy/amylose extender (wx/ae) double mutant and waxy (wx) single mutant rice starches adsorb ... Selective Adsorption of Essential Oil Compounds by Waxy/Amylose Extender (wx/ae) Double‐Mutant Rice Starch Revealed by Gas ... Komal chawal, meaning soft rice, produced by brown rice parboiling of a low amylose rice variety chokuwa, was studied for its ... rice; rice starch; Australia; Show all 15 Subjects. Abstract:. ... Five rice varieties with a wide range of amylose content ...
The present study describes how waxy/amylose extender (wx/ae) double mutant and waxy (wx) single mutant rice starches adsorb ... Selective Adsorption of Essential Oil Compounds by Waxy/Amylose Extender (wx/ae) Double‐Mutant Rice Starch Revealed by Gas ... modified rice starches, using neutral extracted rice starch as precursor. The zinc content, micrographs, X‐ray crystallinity, ... Fortified Rice Starches: The Role of Hydrothermal Treatments in Zinc Entrapment Fernanda Gabriela Henning, Egon Schnitzler, Ivo ...
"Identification and characterization of a novel Waxy allele from a Yunnan rice landrace, Plant Molecular Biology" on DeepDyve, ... Molecular characterization of Wx-mq, a novel mutant gene for low-amylose content in endosperm of rice (Oryza sativa L.) ... Antisense regulation of the rice waxy gene expression using a PCR-amplified fragment of the rice genome reduces the amylose ... Waxy gene haplotypes: associations with apparent amylose content and the effect by the environment in an international rice ...
The waxy gene is epistatic for all known other amylose and amylopectine forming mutants genes like dull (du), sugary-1 (su1 ) ... The fact that waxy maize occurs so commonly in a part of the world that also possesses waxy varieties of waxy rice, sorghum, ... Amylomaize high amylose maize starch waxy potato starch Glutinous rice Collins, G. N. (1909). "A new type of Indian Corn from ... 1976). "The interaction of the Amylose-Extender and Waxy Mutants of Maize (Zea Mays L.)." Starch 28: 405-410. Creech, R. G. ( ...
... both an amylose-free mutant lacking granule-bound starch synthase I and a high-amylose mutant lacking starch synthase IIa have ... Here, we report the production of an amylose-free/ high-amylose dou … ... The major components of storage starch are amylose and amylopectin, and in wheat, ... Genetic controls on starch amylose content in wheat and rice grains. Fasahat P, Rahman S, Ratnam W. Fasahat P, et al. J Genet. ...
In this study, two non-waxy indica rice genotypes, cv. 9311 and its mutant with extremely high amylose phenotype (9311eha) were ... enthalpy; cultivars; messenger RNA; rice; starch granules; phenotype; amylose; mutation; particle size; environmental factors; ... Effect of high temperature on the expressions of genes encoding starch synthesis enzymes in developing rice endosperms ... High temperature is the major environmental factor affecting grain starch properties of cooking rice cultivars. ...
In waxy varieties the starch is principally in the form of amylopectin, with very little amylose. Such starches possess special ... The lysine content of rice is low. As rice is not a complete food, and the majority of Asians live largely on rice, it is ... Mutants have been produced containing much less zein but possessing protein with higher than normal lysine and tryptophan ... In some countries rice is enriched by addition of synthetic vitamins. According to U.S. standards for enriched rice, each pound ...
... were investigated by mass spectrometry and shown to have strong homologies to the waxy proteins. RVA analysis showed new ... Amylose content can be modified by a targeted manipulation of the starch biosynthetic pathway. In particular, the inactivation ... Amylose content was markedly increased in the durum wheat transgenic lines exhibiting SBEIIa gene silencing. Moreover the ... leading to high amylose wheat. Results obtained with two different methods of transformation and in two durum wheat cultivars ...
View Videos or join the Amylose discussion. Add Amylose to your PopFlock.com topic list or share. Amylose at popflock.com ... The waxy locus in maize encodes for the GBSS protein.[20] Mutants lacking the GBSS protein produce starch containing only ... High-amylose varieties of rice, the less sticky long-grain rice, have a much lower glycemic load, which could be beneficial for ... Get Amylose essential facts below. View Videos or join the Amylose discussion. Add Amylose to your PopFlock.com topic list for ...
To understand how allelic variation in the pea starch metabolic pathway affects starch structure and percent amylose, partial ... Variation in the percent amylose composition of extracted seed starch and (amylopectin) chain length distribution, one measure ... in carbohydrate and starch metabolic genes with variation in amylopectin chain length distribution and percent amylose may help ... was undertaken to identify polymorphisms associated with the variation in starch chain length distribution and percent amylose ...
... waxy rice, waxy barley, waxy sorghum and waxy wheat. High amylose starches contain greater than about 50% by weight amylose. ... aedux corn mutants or analogous mutants having altered amylopectin of otherplants. Of particular interest are starches in which ... by weight amylose and very high amylose starches which have 95% or more by weight amylose. In general, all such native and non- ... Typically, the amylose content of starches ranges from about 15% to about 35%. Waxy starches contain higherlevels of ...
... which is involved in amylose synthesis in plants. Although common wheat ( Triticum aestivumL.) has... ... The Waxy (Wx) protein has been identified as granule-bound starch synthase (GBSS; EC 24.1.21), ... Okagaki RJ, Wessler SR (1988) Comparison of non-mutant and mutant waxy genes in rice and maize. Genetics 120:1137-1143PubMed ... Using such partial waxy mutants, tetra- and hexaploid waxy mutants with endosperms that are stained red-brown by iodine were ...
The Waxy gene, which encodes a granule-bound starch synthase I (GBSSI), plays a key role in amylose synthesis and is ... 2006) Function and characterization of starch synthase I using mutants in rice. Plant Physiol 140: 1070-1084. ... Coexpression Analysis Identifies Rice Starch Regulator1, a Rice AP2/EREBP Family Transcription Factor, as a Novel Rice Starch ... Coexpression Analysis Identifies Rice Starch Regulator1, a Rice AP2/EREBP Family Transcription Factor, as a Novel Rice Starch ...
The sources of variations in physicochemical properties among the cassava varieties were due to differences in amylose, protein ... among cassava varieties and exhibited negative correlation with amylose (,em,p,/em, , 0.05, ,em,p,/em, , 0.01, and ,em,p,/em ... and weak positively correlated with amylose (r = 0.231, ,em,p,/em, , 0.001). The peak viscosity (782.3-983.5 cP), breakdown ... Solubility index of starches correlated positively with amylose (,em,p,/em, , 0.0001). Swelling powers of starches showed a ...
Table 1. Water conent, amylose and damaged starch content of Korean rice cultivar with waxy and non-waxy type. 국내쌀 품종의 손상전분 함량을 ... Comparison of some characteristics relevant to rice bread made from eight varieties of endosperm mutant between dry and wet ... The amylose content of waxy, middlewaxy and non waxy type domestic normal rice cultivarswere 7.09%, 11.69% and 18.58-21.52%, ... Effect of soaking time of rice and particle size of rice flour on the properties of non waxy rice flours soaking at room ...
Analysis of the relationship between Wx gene polymorphisms and amylose content in hulless barley , Kunlun Wu, Xiaohua Yao, ... Domon Eiji, Saito Akira, Takeda Kazuyoshi (): Comparison of the waxy locus sequence from a non-waxy strain and two waxy mutants ... Bollieh C.N., Webb B.D. (1973): Inheritance of amylose in two hybrid populations of rice. Cereal Chemistry, 50: 631-636.. ... The average amylose content of the five waxy varieties was 14.3%, ranging from 4.9 to 18.6%. Genomic DNA from 48 samples ...
These characteristics confer greater marketability to the sug-h mutant. Genetic analyses indicated that the sug-h mutant ... is a mutant trait for starch biosynthesis. Rice plants carrying sug-1 produce grains that accumulate water-soluble ... in rice. Our finding may facilitate the breeding of sugaryendosperm rice for commercial benefit. ... Grains of the sug-h mutant were translucent and amber-colored, and the endosperm appeared less wrinkled than sug-1, whereas the ...
... amylose content and enhancement of rice glutinosity by taking advantage of a semi-waxiness mutant characteristic. Many rice ... in which a brown rice characteristic is segregated into a non-waxy type and a semi-waxy type. Then, brown rice exhibiting semi- ... 3. A rice F1 seed which is obtained by the method for producing a rice F1 seed of claim 1. 4. A rice male sterile line ... 0027] (3) A rice F1 seed which is obtained by the method for producing a rice F1 seed of (1) or (2), [0028] (4) A rice male ...
The Zea mays mutants opaque2 and opaque16 disclose lysine change in waxy maize as revealed by RNA-Seq ... White-core endosperm floury endosperm-4 in rice is generated by knockout mutations in the C4-type pyruvate orthophosphate ... Analysis of Low Amylose and Processability Fractured Endosperms Derived from Somatic Variation ... The Zea mays mutants opaque-2 and opaque-7 disclose extensive changes in endosperm metabolism as revealed by protein, amino ...
Liu F, Makhmoudova A, Lee EA, Wait R, Emes MJ, Tetlow IJ (2009) The amylose extender mutant of maize conditions novel protein- ... Fujita N, Hasegawa H, Taira T (2001) The isolation and characterization of a waxy mutant of diploid wheat (Triticum monococcum ... One pure line rice mutant, SA0419, was induced from a wild-type rice, TNG67, by sodium azide mutagenesis; therefore, TNG67 and ... SA0419 is, however, a unique glutinous rice with a lower amylose content (8%) than that of TNG67 (20%), and the grains of ...
... most of the breeding programs tend to focus on developing rice varieties with intermediate to high amylose content in indica... ... However, the global waxy rice market is small (only 1% of the rice trade); thus the waxy rice approach is not widely used [ ... synthase IIa-deficient mutant Rice line produces endosperm starch with lower gelatinization temperature than japonica Rice ... In rice varietal improvement programs, the texture of cooked rice is primarily indicated by amylose content (AC) [Juliano 2006 ...
Introduction of Wx transgene into rice wx mutants leads to both high- and low-amylose rice. Plant Cell Physiol. 44: 473-480. ... from the rice waxy gene (pWCW) (Klösgen and Weil, 1991; Itoh et al., 2003) with two flanking primers and then digested the PCR ... The dominant-negative mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana ARF1 and constitutive active mutant of SAR1 (pMT121-ARF1 T31N, pMT121- ... AmyI-1 Degrades Starch Granules in Living Rice Cells. α-Amylases in rice are polymorphic enzymes. The α-amylase isoforms AmyI-1 ...
  • A total 11 Korean rice cultivar was preparedand investigated for its starch and quality characteristics.Amylose content, damaged starch contnent, water contnent,water absorption index (WAI), water solubility index(WSI), particle size and pasting properties of rice flourswere measured. (cropbio.or.kr)
  • We induced a mild sugary mutant, sugary-h ( sug-h ) through the chemical mutagenesis on the Korean japonica cultivar Hwacheong. (springeropen.com)
  • Asai H, Abe N, Matsushima R, Crofts N, Oitome NF, Nakamura Y, Fujita N (2014) Deficiencies in both starch synthase IIIa and branching enzyme IIb lead to a significant increase in amylose in SSIIa-inactive japonica rice seeds. (springer.com)
  • There is an urgent need to produce more rice and associated cereals to satisfy the mammoth task of feeding a still growing population expected to reach 9.7 billion by 2050. (frontiersin.org)
  • Briggs RW, Amano E, Smith HH (1965) Genetic recombination with ethyl-methanesulphonate-induced waxy mutants in maize. (springer.com)
  • Genetic analyses indicated that the sug-h mutant phenotype was controlled by a complementary interaction of two recessive genes, Isoamylase1 ( OsISA1 ), which was reported previously, and Starch branching enzyme IIa ( OsBEIIa ), which was newly identified in this study. (springeropen.com)
  • The availability of huge genomic resources together with a small genome size makes rice more suitable and feasible for genetic manipulation. (frontiersin.org)
  • As such, rice has been increasingly used to test the efficiency of different types of genome editing technologies to study the functions of various genes and demonstrate their potential in genetic improvement. (frontiersin.org)
  • Zhu D, Zhou G, Xu C, Zhang Q (2016) Genetic components of heterosis for seedling traits in an elite rice hybrid analyzed using an immortalized F2 population. (ncpgr.cn)
  • Wang J, Yao W, Zhu D, Xie W, Zhang Q (2015) Genetic basis of sRNA quantitative variation analyzed using an experimental population derived from an elite rice hybrid. (ncpgr.cn)
  • Molecular insights into how a deficiency of amylose affects carbon allocation--carbohydrate and oil analyses and gene expression profiling in the s. (nih.gov)
  • Analyses of carbohydrate and oil fractions and gene expression profiling on a global scale in the rice waxy mutant GM077 revealed several candidate genes implicated in the carbon reallocation response to an amylose deficiency, including genes encoding AGPase and SUSIBA2-like. (nih.gov)
  • Hirano, H.Y., Sano, Y.: Enhancement of Wx gene expression and the accumulation of amylose in response to cool temperature during seed development in rice. (springer.com)
  • Mérida, A., Rodríguez-Galán, J.M., Vincent, C., Romero, J.M.: Expression of the granule-bound starch synthase I ( Waxy ) gene from snapdragon is developmentally and circadian clock regulated. (springer.com)
  • Echt CS, Schwartz D (1981) Evidence for the inclusion of controlling elements within the structural gene at the waxy locus in maize. (springer.com)
  • 2001 ). Other transgenic research about BEIIb gene was reported that the manipulation of BEIIb activity can generate various starch type rice, containing chalky and sugary endosperm (Tanaka et al. (springeropen.com)
  • Fan Y, Zhang Q (2014) Understanding a key gene for thermosensitive genic male sterility in rice. (ncpgr.cn)
  • Gómez-Aldapa, C.A. 2018-05-01 00:00:00 The emulsifying properties of waxy cassava starch modified by acid hydrolysis and esterification with octenyl succinic groups in Pickering-type emulsions were evaluated using zeta potential, emulsification index, light microscopy and rheology behavior. (deepdyve.com)
  • Acid hydrolysis modified the emulsifying properties of waxy cassava starch improving its interaction at the oil/water interface. (deepdyve.com)
  • The emulsifying properties of waxy cassava starch modified by acid hydrolysis and esterification with octenyl succinic groups in Pickering-type emulsions were evaluated using zeta potential, emulsification index, light microscopy and rheology behavior. (deepdyve.com)
  • Understanding carbon partitioning in cereal seeds is of critical importance to develop cereal crops with enhanced starch yields for food security and for producing specified end-products high in amylose, β-glucan, or fructan, such as functional foods or oils for biofuel applications. (nih.gov)
  • To facilitate an active breeding strategy for rice quality improvement, conventional mutationswere carried out by treating rice variety (Sindongjin) seeds with gamma ray (300 Gray) and its fertilizedeggs with MNU (1mM). (intagrijournal.org)
  • To understand how allelic variation in the pea starch metabolic pathway affects starch structure and percent amylose, partial sequences of 25 candidate genes were characterized for polymorphisms using a panel of 92 diverse pea lines. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Our results reinforced the notion that it is important to define cooking quality classes in indica subtypes based on multidimensional parameters, by going beyond amylose predictions. (springer.com)
  • Mi J, Li G, Huang J, Yu H, Zhou F, Zhang Q, Ouyang Y, Mou T (2016) Stacking S5‑n and f5‑n to overcome sterility in indica-japonica hybrid rice. (ncpgr.cn)
  • When other things including amylopectin bind to amylose, the viscosity can be affected, but incorporating κ-carrageenan, alginate, xanthan gum, or low-molecular-weight sugars can reduce the loss in stability. (wikipedia.org)
  • To gain a better understanding of the molecular mechanism controlling AC formation, we screened 83 Yunnan rice landraces in China and identified a rice variety, Haopi, with low AC. (deepdyve.com)
  • In the last few decades, conventional, mutational, and molecular breeding approaches have contributed enormously toward enhanced rice productivity. (frontiersin.org)
  • Among thecultivars with high and normal rice starch levels, those with thehigher amylose contents showed distinctly lower swelling.Goami 2 rice was found to have the highest onset and peakgelatinization temperature from the differential scanningcalorimetry results. (cropbio.or.kr)